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Title: Diffuse Scattering from Lead-Containing Ferroelectric Perovskite Oxides

Ferroelectric materials rely on some type of non-centrosymmetric displacement correlations to give rise to a macroscopic polarisation. These displacements can show short-range order (SRO) that is reflective of the local chemistry, and so studying it reveals important information about how the structure gives rise to the technologically useful properties. A key means of exploring this SRO is diffuse scattering. Conventional structural studies use Bragg peak intensitiesto determine the average structure. In a single crystal diffuse scattering (SCDS) experiment, the coherent scattered intensity is measured at non-integer Miller indices, and can be used to examine the population of local configurations. This is because the diffuse scattering is sensitive to two-body averages, whereas the Bragg intensity gives single-body averages. This review outlines key results of SCDS studies on several materials and explores the similarities and differences in their diffuse scattering. Random strains are considered, as are models based on a phonon-like picture or a more local-chemistry oriented picture. Limitations of the technique are discussed.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1198291
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ISRN Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2013; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-07-30 06:01:45; Journal ID: ISSN 2090-6099
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English