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Title: Formation and Repair of Tobacco Carcinogen-Derived Bulky DNA Adducts

DNA adducts play a central role in chemical carcinogenesis. The analysis of formation and repair of smoking-related DNA adducts remains particularly challenging as both smokers and nonsmokers exposed to smoke are repetitively under attack from complex mixtures of carcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and N -nitrosamines. The bulky DNA adducts, which usually have complex structure, are particularly important because of their biological relevance. Several known cellular DNA repair pathways have been known to operate in human cells on specific types of bulky DNA adducts, for example, nucleotide excision repair, base excision repair, and direct reversal involving O 6 -alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase or AlkB homologs. Understanding the mechanisms of adduct formation and repair processes is critical for the assessment of cancer risk resulting from exposure to cigarette smoke, and ultimately for developing strategies of cancer prevention. This paper highlights the recent progress made in the areas concerning formation and repair of bulky DNA adducts in the context of tobacco carcinogen-associated genotoxic and carcinogenic effects.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Life Sciences Division, Department of Cancer and DNA Damage Responses, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1198159
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Nucleic Acids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2010; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-08-11 11:35:36; Journal ID: ISSN 2090-021X
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English