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Title: Dynamics of a globular protein and its hydration water studied by neutron scattering and MD simulations

This review article describes our neutron scattering experiments made in the past four years for the understanding of the single-particle (hydrogen atom) dynamics of a protein and its hydration water and the strong coupling between them. We found that the key to this strong coupling is the existence of a fragile-to-strong dynamic crossover (FSC) phenomenon occurring at around T L = 225±5 K in the hydration water. On lowering of the temperature toward FSC, the structure of hydration water makes a transition from predominantly the high density form (HDL), a more fluid state, to predominantly the low density form (LDL), a less fluid state, derived from the existence of a liquid–liquid critical point at an elevated pressure. We show experimentally that this sudden switch in the mobility of hydration water on Lysozyme, B-DNA and RNA triggers the dynamic transition, at a temperature T D = 220 K, for these biopolymers. In the glassy state, below T D , the biopolymers lose their vital conformational flexibility resulting in a substantial diminishing of their biological functions. We also performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on a realistic model of hydrated lysozyme powder, which confirms the existence of the FSC and the hydrationmore » level dependence of the FSC temperature. Furthermore, we show a striking feature in the short time relaxation ( β -relaxation) of protein dynamics, which is the logarithmic decay spanning 3 decades (from ps to ns). The long time α -relaxation shows instead a diffusive behavior, which supports the liquid-like motions of protein constituents. We then discuss our recent high-resolution X-ray inelastic scattering studies of globular proteins, Lysozyme and Bovine Serum Albumin. We were able to measure the dispersion relations of collective, intra-protein phonon-like excitations in these proteins for the first time. We found that the phonon energies show a marked softening and at the same time their population increases substantially in a certain wave vector range when temperature crosses over the T D . Thus the increase of biological activities above T D has positive correlation with activation of slower and large amplitude collective motions of a protein.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [5]
  1. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
  2. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA, Department of Chemistry and CSGI, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
  3. Computational Science Center, KIST, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Korea
  4. NIST Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
  5. Department of Chemistry and CSGI, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1198016
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-90ER45429
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Spectroscopy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 1-2; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-08-23 04:04:33; Journal ID: ISSN 0712-4813
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English