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Title: Kenaf Bast Fibers—Part II: Inorganic Nanoparticle Impregnation for Polymer Composites

The objective of this study was to investigate an inorganic nanoparticle impregnation (INI) technique to improve the compatibility between kenaf bast fibers and polyolefin matrices. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was used to examine the surface morphology of the INI-treated fibers showing that the CaCO 3 nanoparticle crystals grew onto the fiber surface. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) was used to verify the CaCO 3 nanoparticle deposits on the fiber surface. The tension tests of the individual fiber were conducted, and the results showed that the tensile strength of the fibers increased significantly (more than 20%) after the INI treatments. Polymer composites were fabricated using the INI-treated fiber as reinforcement and polypropylene (PP) as the matrix. The results showed that the INI treatments improved the compatibility between kenaf fibers and PP matrix. The tensile modulus and tensile strength of the composites reinforced with INI-treated fibers increased by 25.9% and 10.4%, respectively, compared to those reinforced with untreated kenaf fibers.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Forest Products Department (FPD), Mississippi State University (MSU), Box 9820, Starkville, MS 39762-9601, USA
  2. Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems (CAVS), Mississippi State University, Box 5405, Starkville, MS 39762-5405, USA
  3. International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, No. 8 Futong Dongdajie, Wangjing Area, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102, China
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1197939
Grant/Contract Number:
362000-060803
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Polymer Sciences (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Polymer Sciences (Print); Journal Volume: 2011; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-08-04 13:18:42; Journal ID: ISSN 1687-9422
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
Egypt
Language:
English