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Title: Crystal engineering, structure–function relationships, and the future of metal–organic frameworks

Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a rapidly expanding class of hybrid organic-inorganic materials that can be rationally designed and assembled through crystal engineering. The explosion of interest in this subclass of coordination polymers results from their outstanding properties and myriad possible applications that include traditional uses of microporous materials, such as gas storage, separations, and catalysis, to new realms in biomedicine, electronic devices, and and information storage. The objective of this Highlight article is to provide the reader with a sense of where the field stands after roughly fifteen years of research. Remarkable progress has been made, but the barriers to practical and commercial advances are also illuminated. We discuss the basic elements of MOF assembly and present a conceptual hierarchy of structural elements that assists in understanding how unique properties in these materials can be achieved. Structure-function relationships are then discussed; several are now well understood as a result of the focused efforts of many research groups over the past decade. Prospects for practical applications of MOFs in membranes, catalysis, biomedicine, and as active components in electronic and photonic devices are also discussed. Finally, we list key challenges that, in our view, must be addressed for these materials to realizemore » their full potential in the marketplace.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1184502
Report Number(s):
SAND--2014-19073J
Journal ID: ISSN 1466-8033; CRECF4; 540693
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
CrystEngComm (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: CrystEngComm (Online); Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1466-8033
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY