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Title: Quantum Monte Carlo methods for nuclear physics

Quantum Monte Carlo methods have proved very valuable to study the structure and reactions of light nuclei and nucleonic matter starting from realistic nuclear interactions and currents. These ab-initio calculations reproduce many low-lying states, moments and transitions in light nuclei, and simultaneously predict many properties of light nuclei and neutron matter over a rather wide range of energy and momenta. We review the nuclear interactions and currents, and describe the continuum Quantum Monte Carlo methods used in nuclear physics. These methods are similar to those used in condensed matter and electronic structure but naturally include spin-isospin, tensor, spin-orbit, and three-body interactions. We present a variety of results including the low-lying spectra of light nuclei, nuclear form factors, and transition matrix elements. We also describe low-energy scattering techniques, studies of the electroweak response of nuclei relevant in electron and neutrino scattering, and the properties of dense nucleonic matter as found in neutron stars. A coherent picture of nuclear structure and dynamics emerges based upon rather simple but realistic interactions and currents.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Trento (Italy)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)
  5. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1183306
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-14--29251; JLAB-THY--14-1989; DOE/OR/23177--3249; arXiv:1412.3081
Journal ID: ISSN 2050-3911; National Science foundation grant PHY-1404405
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02- 05CH11231; AC02-06CH11357; AC05-06OR23177
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2012; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-3911
Publisher:
Physical Society of Japan
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS