skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Gold–promoted structurally ordered intermetallic palladium cobalt nanoparticles for the oxygen reduction reaction

Considerable efforts to make palladium and palladium alloys active catalysts and a possible replacement for platinum have had a marginal success. Here, we report on a structurally ordered Au₁₀Pd₄₀Co₅₀ catalyst that exhibits comparable activity to conventional platinum catalysts in both acid and alkaline media. Electron microscopic techniques demonstrate that via addition of gold atoms PdCo nanoparticles undergo at elevated temperatures an atomic structural transition from core-shell to a rare intermetallic ordered structure with twin boundaries forming stable {111}, {110} and {100} facets. The superior stability of this catalyst compared to platinum after 10,000 potential cycles in alkaline media is attributed to the atomic structural order of PdCo nanoparticles along with protective effect of clusters of gold atoms on the surface. This strategy of making ordered palladium intermetallic alloy nanoparticles can be used in diverse heterogeneous catalysis where particle size and structural stability matters.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Chemistry Dept.
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1182508
Report Number(s):
BNL--107470-2015-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; R&D Project: MA510MAEA; MA015MACA; KC0302010; KC0201010
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 48; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY chemical sciences; catalysis; materials science