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Title: The radiation chemistry of ionic liquids: A review

Ionic liquids have received increasing attention as media for radiochemical separations. Recent literature includes examinations of the efficiencies and mechanisms of the solvent extraction of lanthanides, actinides and fission products into ionic liquid solutions. For radiochemical applications, including as replacement solvents for nuclear fuel reprocessing, a thorough understanding of the radiation chemistry of ionic liquids will be required. Such an understanding can be achieved based on a combination of steady-state radiolysis experiments coupled with post-irradiation product identification and pulse-radiolysis experiments to acquire kinetic information. These techniques allow for the elucidation of radiolytic mechanisms. This contribution reviews the current ionic liquid radiation chemistry literature as it affects separations, with these considerations in mind.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1173109
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU--13-30554
Journal ID: ISSN 0736-6299; TRN: US1600462
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0736-6299
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; RADICALS; MOLTEN SALTS; RADIATION CHEMISTRY; SOLVENT EXTRACTION free radicals; ionic liquids; radiation chemistry; solvent extraction