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Title: Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results from 2D hydrodynamic simulations of multistream plasma jets, and also with results from an analytic treatment of electron flow and magnetic field advection. In collisions of two noncollinear jets, the observed flow structure is similar to the analytic model’s prediction of a characteristic feature with a narrow structure pointing in one direction and a much thicker one pointing in the opposite direction. Spontaneous magnetic fields, largely azimuthal around the colliding jets and generated by the well-known ∇Te ×∇ne Biermann battery effect near the periphery of the laser spots, are demonstrated to be “frozen in” the plasma (due to high magnetic Reynolds number RM ~5×10⁴) and advected along the jet streamlines of the electron flow. These studies provide novel insight into the interactions and dynamics of colliding plasma jets.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] more »;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [6] « less
  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California
  3. Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  6. Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, CNRS–CEA–Université Paris VI–Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1172383
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002035; FG52-07NA28059; FG03-03SF22691
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY