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Title: In situ soft XAS study on nickel-based layered cathode material at elevated temperatures: A novel approach to study thermal stability

Tracking thermally induced reactions has always been challenging for electrode materials of electrochemical battery systems. Traditionally, a variety of calorimetric techniques and in situ XRD at elevated temperatures has been used to evaluate the thermal stability of electrode materials. These techniques are capable of providing variations in heat capacity, mass and average bulk composition of materials only. Herein, we report investigation of thermal characteristics of Li0.33Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 by using in situ soft XAS measurements in combination with XRD. Fluorescence yield and partial electron yield measurements are used simultaneously to obtain element selective surface and bulk information. Fluorescence yield measurements reveal no energy change of the absorption peak and thus no valence state change in the bulk. However, electron yield measurements indicate that NiO-type rock salt structure is formed at the surface at temperatures above 200°C while no evidence for a surface reaction near Co sites in investigated temperature range is found. These results clearly show that in situ soft XAS can give a unique understanding of the role of each element in the structural transformation under thermal abuse offering a useful guidance in developing new battery system with improved safety performance.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Sungkyunkwan University (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  4. Argonne National Laboratory (United States). Advanced Proton Source (APS)
  5. Dongguk University-Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1169028
Report Number(s):
BNL--107187-2014-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; KC0207010
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 29; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); KETEP; KEIT
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE LITHIUM ION BATTERY; THERMAL STABILITY; SYNCHROTRON BASED CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES; SOFT XAS; ; NSLS