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Title: ZnO/La2O2CO3 layered composite: A new heterogeneous catalyst for the efficient ultra-fast microwave biofuel production

The search for solid state materials with high catalytic activities and with no leaching into the reaction medium is one of the key steps toward reducing the cost of producing biodiesel. We report a high biodiesel yield (>95%) in less than 5 min under mild reaction conditions (<100°C) on a ZnO/La₂O₂CO₃ heterogeneous catalyst, showing no catalyst leaching into the reaction medium. The ZnO/La₂O₂CO₃ catalyst is prepared by a co-precipitation method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) yields as function of different amounts of catalyst was also investigated. Less than 1.0 wt.% catalyst can be used in the reaction to get higher than a 95% FAME yield under mild reaction conditions. The catalytic performance is maintained after storing the catalyst in Ar for a month and no catalyst leaching into the products was found based on XRF analysis. The catalyst has a higher reaction rate than the homogeneous KOH catalyst with the assistance of microwave irradiation. All of these results promote the industrial application of the synthesized ZnO/La₂O₂CO₃ as an ideal catalyst for fast biodiesel production, avoiding many of the issues found inmore » both commercial and independently published catalysts.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1087340
Report Number(s):
Final Report
Journal ID: ISSN 0926-3373
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0003116
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 1-2; Journal ID: ISSN 0926-3373
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS Biomass Conversion