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Title: Theory of nitrogen doping of carbon nanoribbons: Edge effects

Nitrogen doping of a carbon nanoribbon is profoundly affected by its one-dimensional character, symmetry, and interaction with edge states. Using state-of-the-art ab initio calculations, including hybrid exact-exchange density functional theory, we find that, for N-doped zigzag ribbons, the electronic properties are strongly dependent upon sublattice effects due to the non-equivalence of the two sublattices. For armchair ribbons, N-doping effects are different depending upon the ribbon family: for families 2 and 0, the N-induced levels are in the conduction band, while for family 1 the N levels are in the gap. In zigzag nanoribbons, nitrogen close to the edge is a deep center, while in armchair nanoribbons its behavior is close to an effective-mass-like donor with the ionization energy dependent on the value of the band gap. In chiral nanoribbons, we find strong dependence of the impurity level and formation energy upon the edge position of the dopant, while such site-specificity is not manifested in the magnitude of the magnetization.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States) Dept. of Physics
  2. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1076444
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02- 98ER45685; N000141010179
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 136; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY