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Title: Materials challenges for nuclear systems

The safe and economical operation of any nuclear power system relies to a great extent, on the success of the fuel and the materials of construction. During the lifetime of a nuclear power system which currently can be as long as 60 years, the materials are subject to high temperature, a corrosive environment, and damage from high-energy particles released during fission. The fuel which provides the power for the reactor has a much shorter life but is subject to the same types of harsh environments. This article reviews the environments in which fuels and materials from current and proposed nuclear systems operate and then describes how the creation of the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility is allowing researchers from across the U.S. to test their ideas for improved fuels and materials.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1027874
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU--10-20131
Journal ID: ISSN 1369-7021; PII: S1369702110702200; TRN: US1105284
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1369-7021
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; CONSTRUCTION; FISSION; LIFETIME; NUCLEAR POWER; TEST REACTORS challenges; degradation; fuels; LWR; materials