Comprehensive focusing analysis of various Fresnel zone plates
Jahns, Jürgen
Comprehensive focusing analysis of various Fresnel zone plates Qing Cao and Ju¨rgen Jahns Optische and the linear superposition principle, of the focusing performances of various Fresnel zone plates. Many similarity between Fresnel zone plates and multilevel diffractive lenses, most of the obtained results
Reference Phase of Fresnel Zone Plates
G. W. Webb
2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
The standard zone plate assumes that the shortest ray connecting a radiation source and a detection point has a phase of 0 deg thereby defining a reference phase. Here we examine the experimental consequences of varying this reference phase from 0 deg to 360 deg. It is concluded that reference phase is an intrinsic and useful property of zone plates.
Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy
Chao, W.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of 12 nm Resolution Fresnel Zone Plate Lens based Soft X-raynanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. Theoptical performance of Fresnel zone plate lens based imaging
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jürgen Jahns A conventional Fresnel zone plate (FZP) consists of concentric rings with an alternating binary transmission of zero and one. In an azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate (aFZP), the light transmission
Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and Ju¨rgen Jahns Fresnel zone plate that can produce an approximate Gaussian focal spot is proposed for the focusing of 7.7 nm can be produced by a modified Fresnel zone plate with a minimum structure size of 30 nm
Nanofocusing of soft X-ray laser pulses with Fresnel zone plate and its applications
x Nanofocusing of soft X-ray laser pulses with Fresnel zone plate and its applications 699220056 #12;#12;i keep the faith #12;ii 200 0.16 (Fresnel zone plate) X 100.3 ................................................ 37 40 #12;1 1.1 NA X X (Fresnel zone plate) X (Fresnel zone plate) X #12;2 1
Volume Fresnel zone plates fabricated by femtosecond laser direct writing Pornsak Srisungsitthisunti
Xu, Xianfan
Volume Fresnel zone plates fabricated by femtosecond laser direct writing Pornsak October 2006; accepted 29 November 2006; published online 2 January 2007 In this letter, volume Fresnel. A volume zone plate consists of a number of layers of Fresnel zone plates designed to focus light together
Accurate and fast simulation of Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses
Jahns, Jürgen
Accurate and fast simulation of Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses Qing Cao, such as various Fresnel zone plates [1, 2] and muti-level diffractive lenses [3], can be used for focusing and fast simulation of various Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses. As two tests, we
Modified Fresnel zone plates with sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified Fresnel zone plates with sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and J¨urgen Jahns Traditional Fresnel zone plates (TFZPs) and photon sieves [1, 2, 3] can be used for the focusing and imaging of soft x.e. a modified Fresnel zone plate, MFZP) can realized the same functions as a photon sieve. In particular, we
Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate
Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate Ethan Schonbrun,* Winnie N. Ye demonstrate a form of scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate and a low-NA relay. In this scheme, parallel scanning microscopy using a Fresnel zone-plate array would require only a single spatial
Modified composite Fresnel zone plates with high numerical apertures Qing Cao and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified composite Fresnel zone plates with high numerical apertures Qing Cao and J¨urgen Jahns Traditional Fresnel zone plates (TFZPs) can be used for the focusing and imaging of soft x-rays and EUV proposed the modified Fresnel zone plates that can produce sharp Gaussian focal spots (we call them
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and J¨urgen Jahns on the classical Fresnel zone plate (FZP) [1]. A simple FZP consists of alternating opaque and transparent rings Fresnel zone plate but to add bridges that hold the zones in place [4], see Fig. 1 right. We refer
The development of a prototype Zone-Plate-Array Lithography (ZPAL) system
Patel, Amil Ashok, 1979-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The research presented in this paper aims to build a Zone-Plate-Array Lithography (ZPAL) prototype tool that will demonstrate the high-resolution, parallel patterning capabilities of the architecture. The experiment will ...
Optical Properties of Plasmonic Zone Plate Lens, SERS-active Substrate and Infrared Dipole Antenna
Kim, Hyun Chul
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
of this device is relatively low. By introducing a metal/dielectric multilayered zone plate, we present higher field enhancement at the focal point. This higher field enhancement originates not only from surface plasmon polaritons-assisted diffraction process...
New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
made with the XM-1's current 25-nm MZP, the new MZP was able to obtain sharp images of lines a mere 15 nm apart-where the older zone plate had seen only a featureless field of...
Extraordinary optical transmission and vortex excitation by periodic arrays of Fresnel zone plates
Roszkiewicz, A
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Extraordinary optical transmission and good focusing properties of a two-dimensional scattering structure is presented. The structure is made of Fresnel zone plates periodically arranged along two orthogonal directions. Each plate consists of two ring-shaped waveguides supporting modes that match the symmetry of a circularly polarized incident plane wave. High field concentration at the focal plane is obtained with short transverse and long longitudinal foci diameters. Optical vortex excitation in a paraxial region of the transmitted field is also observed and analysed in terms of cross-polarisation coupling. The structure presented may appear useful in visualization, trapping and precise manipulations of nanoparticles.
An LED pulser for measuring photomultiplier linearity
Friend, M; Quinn, B
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A light-emitting diode (LED) pulser for testing the low-rate response of a photomultiplier tube (PMT) to scintillator-like pulses has been designed, developed, and implemented. This pulser is intended to simulate 80 ns full width at half maximum photon pulses over the dynamic range of the PMT, in order to precisely determine PMT linearity. This particular design has the advantage that, unlike many LED test rigs, it does not require the use of multiple calibrated LEDs, making it insensitive to LED gain drifts. Instead, a finite-difference measurement is made using two LEDs which need not be calibrated with respect to one another. These measurements give a better than 1% mapping of the response function, allowing for the testing and development of particularly linear PMT bases.
Electronic Non-Contacting Linear Position Measuring System
Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)
2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
A non-contacting linear position location system employs a special transmission line to encode and transmit magnetic signals to a receiver on the object whose position is to be measured. The invention is useful as a non-contact linear locator of moving objects, e.g., to determine the location of a magnetic-levitation train for the operation of the linear-synchronous motor drive system.
Model Error Correction for Linear Methods in PET Neuroreceptor Measurements
Renaut, Rosemary
Model Error Correction for Linear Methods in PET Neuroreceptor Measurements Hongbin Guo address: hguo1@asu.edu (Hongbin Guo) Preprint submitted to NeuroImage December 11, 2008 #12;reached. A new
Coherent versus measurement feedback: Linear systems theory for quantum information
Naoki Yamamoto
2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
To control a quantum system via feedback, we generally have two options in choosing control scheme. One is the coherent feedback, which feeds the output field of the system, through a fully quantum device, back to manipulate the system without involving any measurement process. The other one is the measurement-based feedback, which measures the output field and performs a real-time manipulation on the system based on the measurement results. Both schemes have advantages/disadvantages, depending on the system and the control goal, hence their comparison in several situation is important. This paper considers a general open linear quantum system with the following specific control goals; back-action evasion (BAE), generation of a quantum non-demolished (QND) variable, and generation of a decoherence-free subsystem (DFS), all of which have important roles in quantum information science. Then some no-go theorems are proven, clarifying that those goals cannot be achieved by any measurement-based feedback control. On the other hand it is shown that, for each control goal, there exists a coherent feedback controller accomplishing the task. The key idea to obtain all the results is system theoretic characterizations of BAE, QND, and DFS in terms of controllability and observability properties or transfer functions of linear systems, which are consistent with their standard definitions.
IR OPTICS MEASUREMENT WITH LINEAR COUPLING'S ACTION-ANGLE PARAMETERIZATION.
LUO, Y.; BAI, M.; PILAT, R.; SATOGATA, T.; TRBOJEVIC, D.
2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
A parameterization of linear coupling in action-angle coordinates is convenient for analytical calculations and interpretation of turn-by-turn (TBT) beam position monitor (BPM) data. We demonstrate how to use this parameterization to extract the twiss and coupling parameters in interaction regions (IRs), using BPMs on each side of the long IR drift region. The example of TBT BPM analysis was acquired at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), using an AC dipole to excite a single eigenmode. Besides the full treatment, a fast estimate of beta*, the beta function at the interaction point (IP), is provided, along with the phase advance between these BPMs. We also calculate and measure the waist of the beta function and the local optics.
Impulsive observer-based control for linear systems using irregularly sampled measurements
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Impulsive observer-based control for linear systems using irregularly sampled measurements Y linear state feedback controller and an impulsive observer to provide an estimate the non-measured states, which are subsequently fed back in the control algorithm. We consider linear systems that can
Precision measurement of a particle mass at the linear collider
Milstene, C.; /Fermilab; Freitas, A.; /Zurich U.; Schmitt, M.; /Northwestern U.; Sopczak, A.; /Lancaster U.
2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Precision measurement of the stop mass at the ILC is done in a method based on cross-sections measurements at two different center-of-mass energies. This allows to minimize both the statistical and systematic errors. In the framework of the MSSM, a light stop, compatible with electro-weak baryogenesis, is studied in its decay into a charm jet and neutralino, the Lightest Supersymmetric Particle (LSP), as a candidate of dark matter. This takes place for a small stop-neutralino mass difference.
Optical Measurement of the Non-linear Focusing of Sound in Liquid Helium 4
Caupin, FrÃ©dÃ©ric
Optical Measurement of the Non-linear Focusing of Sound in Liquid Helium 4 X. Chavanne, S. Balibar have measured the amplitude of 1MHz acoustic waves focused in liquid helium 4. Our resolution is 10 the reflec- tion of light at the glass/helium interface, which depends on the refractive index of the liquid
Shockley, Laura
2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
that an A/E/C firm may want to evaluate include: 1. Customer Satisfaction Data Envelopment Analysis: A Linear Programming Application to Measure the Relative Efficiencies of Internal Business Divisions Laura Shockley 26 2. Percent Repeat Customer... the Relative Efficiencies of Internal Business Divisions Laura Shockley 1 Executive Summary Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a non-parametric linear programming model used to determine relative efficiencies of similar decision making units based...
Measurement of isotope ratio of Ca{sup +} ions in a linear Paul Trap
Hashimoto, Y.; Minamino, K.; Nagamoto, D.; Hasegawa, S. [Department of Quantum Engineering and Systems Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)
2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
Measurement of isotope ratios of Calcium is very useful in many fields. So we demonstrated the measurement of isotope ratios of {sup 40}Ca{sup +}(abundance 96.4%) to {sup 44}Ca{sup +}(2.09%) ions in a linear Paul trap with several laser lights tuning to the isotope shifts. And we found that the experimental parameters had large influences on the measurement of the isotope ratios.
Linear Polarization Measurements for High-Spin States in 146Gd
Krishichayan; Rajashri Bhattacherjee; S. K. Basu; R. K. Bhowmik; A. Chakraborty; L. Chaturvedi; A. Dhal; U. Garg; S. S. Ghugre; R. Goswami; A. Jhingan; N. Madhvan; P. V. Madhusudhana Rao; S. Mukhopadhyay; S. Muralithar; S. Nath; N. S. Pattabiraman; S. Ray; S. Saha; M. Saha Sarkar; S. Sarkar; R. Singh; R. P. Singh; A. K. Sinha; R. K. Sinha; P. Sugathan; B. K. Yogi
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A {\\gamma}-ray linear polarization measurement has been performed to directly determine the parities for the levels in 146Gd nucleus. High-spin states in this nucleus were populated in a reaction 115In + 34S at 140 MeV incident energy. Linearly polarized {\\gamma} - rays emitted from oriented states were measured using a Compton polarimeter consisting of an array of 8 Compton-suppressed Clover detectors. Unambiguous assignments of the spin and parity have been made for most of the observed levels and changes made in the previously reported spin-parity assignments for a few levels. Shell model calculations performed with judicious truncation over the {\\pi}(gdsh) valence space interpret the structure of only the low-lying levels up to J{\\pi} = 19+ and 9-. N = 82 neutron-core breaking is found to be essential for high spin states with excitation energies Ex > 7 MeV.
Measurement of the Higgs Boson Mass with a Linear e+e- Collider
P. Garcia-Abia; W. Lohmann; A. Raspereza
2005-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
The potential of a linear e+e- collider operated at a centre-of-mass energy of 350 GeV is studied for the measurement of the Higgs boson mass. An integrated luminosity of 500 fb-1 is assumed. For Higgs boson masses of 120, 150 and 180 GeV the uncertainty on the Higgs boson mass measurement is estimated to be 40, 65 and 70 MeV, respectively. The effects of beam related systematics, namely a bias in the beam energy measurement, the beam energy spread and the luminosity spectrum due to beamstrahlung, on the precision of the Higgs boson mass measurement are investigated. In order to keep the systematic uncertainty on the Higgs boson mass well below the level of the statistical error, the beam energy measurement must be controlled with a relative precision better than 10-4.
Pisenti, N.; Gaebler, C. P. E.; Lynn, T. W. [Department of Physics, Harvey Mudd College, 301 Platt Blvd., Claremont, California 91711 (United States)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Measuring an entangled state of two particles is crucial to many quantum communication protocols. Yet Bell-state distinguishability using a finite apparatus obeying linear evolution and local measurement is theoretically limited. We extend known bounds for Bell-state distinguishability in one and two variables to the general case of entanglement in n two-state variables. We show that at most 2{sup n+1}-1 classes out of 4{sup n} hyper-Bell states can be distinguished with one copy of the input state. With two copies, complete distinguishability is possible. We present optimal schemes in each case.
Measurements of Neutron Induced Cross Sections at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator
Guber, K.H.; Harvey, J.A.; Hill, N.W.; Koehler, P.E.; Leal, L.C.; Sayer, R.O.; Spencer, R.R.
1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
We have used the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) to measure neutron total and the fission cross sections of ^{233}U in the energy range from 0.36 eV to ~700 keV. We report average fission and total cross sections. Also, we measured the neutron total cross sections of ^{27}Al and Natural chlorine as well as the capture cross section of Al over an energy range from 100 eV up to about 400 keV.
Transient Non-linear Thermal FEM Simulation of Smart Power Switches and Verification by Measurements
V. Kosel; R. Sleik; M. Glavanovics
2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Thermal FEM (Finite Element Method) simulations can be used to predict the thermal behavior of power semiconductors in application. Most power semiconductors are made of silicon. Silicon thermal material properties are significantly temperature dependent. In this paper, validity of a common non-linear silicon material model is verified by transient non-linear thermal FEM simulations of Smart Power Switches and measurements. For verification, over-temperature protection behavior of Smart Power Switches is employed. This protection turns off the switch at a pre-defined temperature which is used as a temperature reference in the investigation. Power dissipation generated during a thermal overload event of two Smart Power devices is measured and used as an input stimulus to transient thermal FEM simulations. The duration time of the event together with the temperature reference is confronted with simulation results and thus the validity of the silicon model is proved. In addition, the impact of non-linear thermal properties of silicon on the thermal impedance of power semiconductors is shown.
The measurement of non-linear damping in metal-matrix composites
Ray, Sourav
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
K. Kinra (Chair of Committee) Alan Wolfenden (Member) Thomas W. Strganac (Member) Walter E. Haisler (Head of Department) December 1994 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering ABSTRACT The Measurement of Non-Linear Damping in Metal...-decrement method (LDM) for Mg- 0. 6%Zr Alloy (f = 89 Hz) . . . . 27 Figure 6b: Frequency dependence of P for Mg-0. 6%Zr (er = 70 pe). . . . . . . . . . 29 Figure 6c: Strain-dependent damping for a P55Gr/Mg-0. 6%Zr Composite (f = 51 Hz). . . . . . 30 Figure 7a...
Dupuis, Leonard Raymond
1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, Z4 April 1975. (after Fucik and Turner, 1975). 590 440 1D 1Dy ~ m 9 soo 530 560 18~ 530 I 22 ? g --' I / '3 22 0 590 20 338 530 16 850 mb 4 4 090 8 m 2D ? ? ? 6 ( ', -k 5 150 8 I '30 ~ 8O '4 210 210 700 BIb Fig. 6. (Cont3nued...DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED AND LINEARLY INTERPOLATED SYNOPTIC VARIABLES OVER A 12-h PERIOD DURING AVE IV A Thesis by LEONARD RAYMOND DUPUIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial ful. fillment...
Gao Song; Balter, Peter A. [Department of Radiation Physics, Unit 94, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Rose, Mark; Simon, William E. [Sun Nuclear Corporation, 425-A Pineda Court, Melbourne, Florida 32940 (United States)
2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To compare the use of flatness versus percent depth dose (PDD) for determining changes in photon beam energy for a megavoltage linear accelerator. Methods: Energy changes were accomplished by adjusting the bending magnet current by up to {+-}15% in 5% increments away from the value used clinically. Two metrics for flatness, relative flatness in the central 80% of the field (Flat) and average maximum dose along the diagonals normalized by central axis dose (F{sub DN}), were measured using a commercially available planner ionization chamber array. PDD was measured in water at depths of 5 and 10 cm in 3 Multiplication-Sign 3 cm{sup 2} and 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 cm{sup 2} fields using a cylindrical chamber. Results: PDD was more sensitive to changes in energy when the beam energy was increased than when it was decreased. For the 18-MV beam in particular, PDD was not sensitive to energy reductions below the nominal energy. The value of Flat was found to be more sensitive to decreases in energy than to increases, with little sensitivity to energy increases above the nominal energy for 18-MV beams. F{sub DN} was the only metric that was found to be sensitive to both increases and reductions of energy for both the 6- and 18-MV beams. Conclusions: Flatness based metrics were found to be more sensitive to energy changes than PDD, In particular, F{sub DN} was found to be the most sensitive metric to energy changes for photon beams of 6 and 18 MV. The ionization chamber array allows this metric to be conveniently measured as part of routine accelerator quality assurance.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Shishlo, A.; Aleksandrov, A.
2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new method of measuring of the rms longitudinal Twiss parameters of a beam in linear accelerators is presented. It is based on using sum signals from beam position monitors sensitive to the longitudinal charge distribution in the bunch. The applicability of the method is demonstrated on the superconducting section of the Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source linear accelerator. The results are compared to a direct measurement of the bunch longitudinal profiles using an interceptive bunch shape monitor in the linac warm section of the same accelerator. Limitations of the method are discussed. The method is fast and simple, and can be used to obtain the initial parameters for the longitudinal matching in linear accelerators where interceptive diagnostics are not desirable.
A Microfluidic Device with a Linear Temperature Gradient for Parallel and Combinatorial Measurements
. If a hot reservoir and a cold sink are separated by a straight wall of thickness L within the plane of position. The principle we adopt for designing linear temperature control into an on-chip device15 rests
Depletion, quantum jumps, and temperature measurements of ??Sr? ions in a linear Paul Trap
Richerme, Philip J
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes the design and construction of two laser systems to probe the 674nm transition of ??Sr? ions in a linear Paul trap. The first laser system made use of a molecular transition in Iodine to stabilize the ...
Whitehead, Anthony
Slide Improved Pressure Sensitive Paint Measurement using Natural Feature Tracking and Piecewise #12;Slide Surface Pressure Measurement: Model Taps Delta wing model Pressure Taps 3 #12;Slide Surface #12;Slide Surface Pressure Measurement: Surface Data Higher Pressure Lower Pressure Complete Pressure
Linear line spectropolarimetry as a new window to measure 2D and 3D wind geometries
Vink, Jorick S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Various theories have been proposed to predict how mass loss depends on the stellar rotation rate, both in terms of its strength, as well as its latitudinal dependence, crucial for our understanding of angular momentum evolution. Here we discuss the tool of linear spectropolarimetry that can probe the difference between mass loss from the pole versus the equator. Our results involve several groups of O stars and Wolf-Rayet stars, involving Oe stars, Of?p stars, Onfp stars, as well as the best candidate gamma-ray burst progenitors identified to date.
What Is a Good Linear Finite Element? Interpolation, Conditioning, Anisotropy, and Quality Measures
Frey, Pascal
-9875170, CMS-9980063, CCR-0204377, and EIA- 9802069, and in part by a gift from the Okawa Foundation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 6.3 A Brief Survey of Quality Measures
A Method for the Precision Mass Measurement of the Stop Quark at the International Linear Collider
Freitas, Ayres; /Chicago U. /Argonne /Zurich U.; Milstene, Caroline; /Fermilab /Wayne State U.; Schmitt, Michael; /Northwestern U.; Sopczak, Andre; /Lancaster U.
2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many supersymmetric models predict new particles within the reach of the next generation of colliders. For an understanding of the model structure and the mechanism(s) of symmetry breaking, it is important to know the masses of the new particles precisely. In this article the measurement of the mass of the scalar partner of the top quark (stop) at an e+e- collider is studied. A relatively light stop is motivated by attempts to explain electroweak baryogenesis and can play an important role in dark matter relic density. A method is presented which makes use of cross-section measurements near the pair-production threshold as well as at higher center-of-mass energies. It is shown that this method not only increases the statistical precision, but also greatly reduces the systematic uncertainties, which can be important. Numerical results are presented, based on a realistic event simulation, for two signal selection strategies: using conventional selection cuts, and using an Iterative Discriminant Analysis (IDA). Our studies indicate that a precision of {Delta}m{tilde t}{sub 1} = 0.42 GeV can be achieved, representing a major improvement over previous studies. While the analysis of stops is particularly challenging due to the possibility of stop hadronization, the general procedure could be applied to the mass measurement of other particles as well. We also comment on the potential of the IDA to discover a stop quark in this scenario, and we revisit the accuracy of the theoretical predictions for the neutralino relic density
Yoo, Y. S.; Lee, D. H.; Park, C. W.; Park, S. N. [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science 209 Gajeong-Ro, Yuseong-Gu, Daejon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science 209 Gajeong-Ro, Yuseong-Gu, Daejon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)
2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z
To realize the temperature scale above the freezing point of silver according to the definition of ITS-90, the dynamic range of the spectral responsivity is one of the most important factors which limit its uncertainty. When the residual spectral response at both side bands of a spectral band is not negligible, a significant uncertainty can be caused by a low dynamic range of the spectral responsivity measurement. In general, incandescent lamps are used to measure the spectral responsivity and the linearity. The dynamic range of the spectral responsivity measurement is often limited by a trade-off with the desired spectral resolution, which is less than 6 decades. Nonlinearity is another limiting fact of uncertainties of the temperature scale. Tungsten lamps have disadvantage in the nonlinearity measurements in terms of adjustability of radiance level and spectral selectivity. We report spectral responsivity measurements of which the measurable dynamic range is enhanced 50 times after replacing a QTH lamp with a super continuum laser. We also present a spectrally selected linearity measurement over a wide dynamic range using high-brightness light emitting diode arrays to observe a slight saturation of linearity.
T. Yu. Ivanova; M. S. Samoylova; D. A. Ivanov
2011-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Continuous center-of-mass position measurements performed on an interacting harmonically trapped Bose-gas are considered. Using both semi-analytical mean-field approach and completely quantum numerical technique based on positive P-representation, it is demonstrated that the atomic delocalization due to the measurement back action is smaller for a strongly interacting gas. The numerically calculated second-order correlation functions demonstrate appearance of atomic bunching as a result of the center-of-mass measurement. Though being rather small the bunching is present also for strongly interacting gas which is in contrast with the case of unperturbed gas. The performed analysis allows to speculate that for relatively strong interactions the size of atomic cloud determined with a single snapshot measurement can become smaller than the ground-state cloud size.
Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group
neutrinoless double beta decay and measure solar neutrinos and geoneutrinos. The type of particle by ap- proximately 9500 PMTs. For detections of neutrinoless double beta decay, the liquid scintillator double beta decay, low energy solar neutrinos, geo- neutrinos and supernova neutrinos using scintillation
Chakraborty Thakur, S.; Fedorczak, N.; Manz, P.; Tynan, G. R.; Xu, M. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Center for Energy Research, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); McCarren, D.; Scime, E. E. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Lee, T. [Center for Energy Research, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States)
2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using laser induced fluorescence (LIF), radial profiles of azimuthal ion fluid velocity and ion temperature are measured in the controlled shear de-correlation experiment (CSDX) linear helicon plasma device. Ion velocities and temperatures are derived from the measured Doppler broadened velocity distribution functions of argon ions. The LIF system employs a portable, high power (>300 mW), narrowband ({approx}1 MHz) tunable diode laser-based system operating at 668.614 nm. Previous studies in CSDX have shown the existence of a radially sheared azimuthal flow as measured with time delay estimation methods and Mach probes. Here, we report the first LIF measurements of sheared plasma fluid flow in CSDX. Above a critical magnetic field, the ion fluid flow profile evolves from radially uniform to peaked on axis with a distinct reversed flow region at the boundary, indicating the development of a sheared azimuthal flow. Simultaneously, the ion temperature also evolves from a radially uniform profile to a profile with a gradient. Measurements in turbulent and coherent drift wave mode dominated plasmas are compared.
Park, So Yeong; Hong, Chung Ki [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jun, E-mail: limjun@postech.ac.kr [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)] [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We measured the spatial coherence length and incoherent source size of a hard x-ray undulator beamline at Pohang Light Source-II, the stored electron energy of which has been increased from 2.5 GeV to 3 GeV. The coherence length was determined by single-slit measurement of the visibility of the Fresnel diffraction pattern. The correlated incoherent source size was cross-checked for three different optics: the single slit, beryllium parabolic compound refractive lenses, and the Fresnel zone plate. We concluded that the undulator beamline has an effective incoherent source size (FWHM) of 540 ?m (horizontal) × 50 ?m (vertical)
Jaradat, Adnan K.; Biggs, Peter J. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, One University Avenue, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (United States)
2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The issue of neutron leakage has recently been raised in connection with dedicated electron-only linear accelerators used for intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT). In particular, concern has been expressed about the degree of neutron production at energies of 10 MeV and higher due to the need for additional, perhaps permanent, shielding in the room in which the device is operated. In particular, three mobile linear accelerators available commercially offer electron energies at or above the neutron threshold, one at 9 MeV, one at 10 MeV, and the third at 12 MeV. To investigate this problem, neutron leakage has been measured around the head of two types of electron accelerators at a distance of 1 m from the target at azimuthal angles of 0 deg., 45 deg., 90 deg., 135 deg., and 180 deg. The first is a dedicated electron-only (nonmobile) machine with electron energies of 6 (not used here), 9, 12, 15, and 18 MeV and the second a conventional machine with electron energies of 6 (also not used here), 9, 12, 16, and 20 MeV. Measurements were made using neutron bubble detectors and track-etch detectors. For electron beams from a conventional accelerator, the neutron leakage in the forward direction in Sv/Gy is 2.1x10{sup -5} at 12 MeV, 1.3x10{sup -4} at 16 MeV, and 4.2x10{sup -4} at 20 MeV, assuming a quality factor (RBE) of 10. For azimuthal angles >0 deg., the leakage is almost angle independent [2x10{sup -6} at 12 MeV; (0.7-1.6)x10{sup -5} at 16 MeV, and (1.6-2.9)x10{sup -5} at 20 MeV]. For the electron-only machine, the neutron leakage was lower than for the conventional linac, but also independent of azimuthal angle for angles >0 deg. : ([0 deg. : 7.7x10{sup -6} at 12 MeV; 3.0x10{sup -5} at 15 MeV; 1.0x10{sup -4} at 18 MeV]; [other angles: (2.6-5.9)x10{sup -7} at 12 MeV; (1.4-2.2)x10{sup -6} at 15 MeV; (2.7-4.7)x10{sup -6} at 18 MeV]). Using the upper limit of 6x10{sup -7} Sv/Gy at 12 MeV for the IORT machine for azimuthal angles >0 deg. and assuming a workload of 200 Gy/wk and an inverse square factor of 10, the neutron dose equivalent is calculated to be 0.012 mSv/wk. For the primary beam at 12 MeV (0 deg. ), the 10x higher dose would be compensated by the attenuation of a primary beam stopper in a mobile linear accelerator. These neutron radiation levels are below regulatory values (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 'Limitation of exposure to ionizing radiation', NCRP Report No. 116, NCRP Bethesda, MD, 1993)
D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe
2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
New materials are being considered for fuel, cladding and structures in next generation and existing nuclear reactors. These materials can undergo significant dimensional and physical changes during high temperature irradiations. Currently, such changes are determined by repeatedly irradiating a specimen for a specified period of time in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) and then removing it from the reactor for evaluation. The labor and time to remove, examine and return irradiated samples for each measurement make this approach very expensive. In addition, such techniques provide limited data and may disturb the phenomena of interest. To resolve these issues, an instrumented creep testing capability is being developed for specimens irradiated under pressurized water reactor coolant conditions in the ATR at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). This paper reports the status of INL efforts to develop this testing capability. In addition to providing an overview of in-pile creep test capabilities available at other test reactors, this paper focuses on efforts to design and evaluate a prototype test rig in an autoclave at INL’s High Temperature Test Laboratory.
D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe
2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
New materials are being considered for fuel, cladding, and structures in next generation and existing nuclear reactors. These materials can undergo significant dimensional and physical changes during high temperature irradiations. Currently, such changes are determined by repeatedly irradiating a specimen for a specified period of time in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) and then removing it from the reactor for evaluation. The labor and time to remove, examine, and return irradiated samples for each measurement makes this approach very expensive. In addition, such techniques provide limited data and may disturb the phenomena of interest. To resolve these issues, an instrumented creep testing capability is being developed for specimens irradiated in pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant conditions in the ATR at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). This paper reports the status of INL efforts to develop this testing capability. In addition to providing an overview of in-pile creep test capabilities available at other test reactors, this paper focuses on efforts to design and evaluate a prototype test rig in an autoclave at INL's High Temperature Test Laboratory (HTTL).
Bittner, John W. (Shoreham, NY); Biscardi, Richard W. (Ridge, NY)
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An electronic measurement circuit for high speed comparison of the relative amplitudes of a predetermined number of electrical input signals independent of variations in the magnitude of the sum of the signals. The circuit includes a high speed electronic switch that is operably connected to receive on its respective input terminals one of said electrical input signals and to have its common terminal serve as an input for a variable-gain amplifier-detector circuit that is operably connected to feed its output to a common terminal of a second high speed electronic switch. The respective terminals of the second high speed electronic switch are operably connected to a plurality of integrating sample and hold circuits, which in turn have their outputs connected to a summing logic circuit that is operable to develop first, second and third output voltages, the first output voltage being proportional to a predetermined ratio of sums and differences between the compared input signals, the second output voltage being proportional to a second summed ratio of predetermined sums and differences between said input signals, and the third output voltage being proportional to the sum of signals to the summing logic circuit. A servo system that is operably connected to receive said third output signal and compare it with a reference voltage to develop a slowly varying feedback voltage to control the variable-gain amplifier in said common amplifier-detector circuit in order to make said first and second output signals independent of variations in the magnitude of the sum of said input signals.
Bittner, J.W.; Biscardi, R.W.
1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
An electronic measurement circuit is disclosed for high speed comparison of the relative amplitudes of a predetermined number of electrical input signals independent of variations in the magnitude of the sum of the signals. The circuit includes a high speed electronic switch that is operably connected to receive on its respective input terminals one of said electrical input signals and to have its common terminal serve as an input for a variable-gain amplifier-detector circuit that is operably connected to feed its output to a common terminal of a second high speed electronic switch. The respective terminals of the second high speed electronic switch are operably connected to a plurality of integrating sample and hold circuits, which in turn have their outputs connected to a summing logic circuit that is operable to develop first, second and third output voltages, the first output voltage being proportional to a predetermined ratio of sums and differences between the compared input signals, the second output voltage being proportional to a second summed ratio of predetermined sums and differences between said input signals, and the third output voltage being proportional to the sum of signals to the summing logic circuit. A servo system that is operably connected to receive said third output signal and compare it with a reference voltage to develop a slowly varying feedback voltage to control the variable-gain amplifier in said common amplifier-detector circuit in order to make said first and second output signals independent of variations in the magnitude of the sum of said input signals. 2 figures.
Olivas, Alexander Raymond, Jr.; /Colorado U.
2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
The decays of B{sup 0} mesons to hadronic final states remains a rich area of physics on BaBar. Not only do the c{bar c}-K final states (e.g. B{sup 0} {yields} {psi}(2S)K{sup 0}) allow for the measurement of CP Violation, but the branching fractions provide a sensitive test of the theoretical methods used to account for low energy non-perturbative QCD effects. They present the measurement of the branching fraction for the decay B{sup 0} {yields} {psi}(2S)K{sub s}. The data set consists of 88.8 {+-} 1.0 x 10{sup 6} B{bar b} pairs collected on the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Upsilon}(4S) resonance on BaBar/PEP-II at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). This analysis features a modification of present cuts, with respect to those published so far on BaBar, on the K{sub S} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and {psi}(2S) {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} which aim at reducing the background while keeping the signal intact. Various data selection criteria are studied for the lepton modes (e{sup +}e{sup -} and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) of the J/{psi} and {psi}(2S) to improve signal purity as well as study the stability of the resultant branching fractions.
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Agapov, I; Blair, G A; Bosser, J; Braun, H H; Bravin, E; Boorman, G; Boogert, S T; Carter, J; D'amico, E; Delerue, N; Howell, D F; Doebert, S; Driouichi, C; Frisch, J; Hutchins, K Honkavaaram S; Kamps, T; Lefevre, T; Lewin, H; Paris, T; Poirier, F; Price, M T; Maccaferi, R; Malton, S; Penn, G; Ross, I N; Ross, M; Schlarb, H; Schmueser, P; Schreiber, S; Sertore, D; Walker, N; Wendt, M; Wittenburg, K
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This archive summarizes a working paper and conference proceedings related to laser wire scanner development for the Future Linear Collider (FLC) in the years 2001 to 2006. In particular the design, setup and data taking for the laser wire experiments at PETRA II and CT2 are described. The material is focused on the activities undertaken by Royal Holloway University of London (RHUL).
Kumar, Punith V., E-mail: drvldayal@gmail.com; Manju, M. R., E-mail: drvldayal@gmail.com; Dayal, Vijaylakshmi, E-mail: drvldayal@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Maharaja Institute of Technology, Mysore-571438, Karnataka (India)
2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
We present a comprehensive study on origin of Spin Glass (SG) property in polycrystalline La{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} perovskite oxide using linear and higher order ac susceptibility (?) measurements. The third order harmonic susceptibility (?{sub 3}) vs. temperature (K) with varying magnetic fields from 0.95 to 9.45 Oe and the divergence in their ?{sub 3} (max) allows us to infer the SG behavior occurring in the sample possibly due to co-operative freezing of the spins.
Jacques Carolan; Chris Harrold; Chris Sparrow; Enrique Martín-López; Nicholas J. Russell; Joshua W. Silverstone; Peter J. Shadbolt; Nobuyuki Matsuda; Manabu Oguma; Mikitaka Itoh; Graham D. Marshall; Mark G. Thompson; Jonathan C. F. Matthews; Toshikazu Hashimoto; Jeremy L. O'Brien; Anthony Laing
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Linear optics underpins tests of fundamental quantum mechanics and computer science, as well as quantum technologies. Here we experimentally demonstrate the longstanding goal of a single reprogrammable optical circuit that is sufficient to implement all possible linear optical protocols up to the size of that circuit. Our six-mode universal system consists of a cascade of 15 Mach-Zehnder interferometers with 30 thermo-optic phase shifters integrated into a single photonic chip that is electrically and optically interfaced for arbitrary setting of all phase shifters, input of up to six photons and their measurement with a 12 single-photon detector system. We programmed this system to implement heralded quantum logic and entangling gates, boson sampling with verification tests, and six-dimensional complex Hadamards. We implemented 100 Haar random unitaries with average fidelity 0.999 $\\pm$ 0.001. Our system is capable of switching between these and any other linear optical protocol in seconds. These results point the way to applications across fundamental science and quantum technologies.
T. T. Moh
2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
goal of this course is to enable you to recognize linear algebra problems ... descriptions of other people's solutions to problems that use linear algebra and to
Linear electric field mass spectrometry
McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry are described. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field. 8 figs.
Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Catch Composition - Pelagic codes M Male F Female I Indeterminate U Unknown (not inspected) #12;Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Photos Comment Length 1 Version 1.2 6/2011 HookNo. Species name
Optical Properties of Plasmonic Zone Plate Lens, SERS-active Substrate and Infrared Dipole Antenna
Kim, Hyun Chul
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
simple structure in which a gold dipole antenna is formed on the SiC substrate. Surface phonon polaritons, counterparts of surface plasmon polaritons in the mid-infrared frequencies, are developed. Due to the synergistic action between the conventional...
The application of Fresnel zone plate based projection in optofluidic microscopy
Yang, Changhuei
and links 1. X. Heng, D. Erickson, L. R. Baugh, Z. Yaqoob, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang on a chip 6, 1274-1276 (2006). 2. X. Cui, L. M. Lee, X. Heng, W. Zhong, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 105, 10670-10675 (2008). 3. X. Heng, E. Hsiao, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang
Theory and design of integrated optical isolators and broadband couplers using Fresnel zone plates
Cordova, Brad Gilbert
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is divided into two main sections: the first containing the analysis of the broadband vertical coupler, and the second involving the theory and design of the integrated optical isolators. In the first part we ...
New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
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New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011RNew Visible to BroadbandNewofNew Zone
New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011RNew Visible to BroadbandNewofNewNew
New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011RNew Visible to BroadbandNewofNewNewNew
On linear programing approach to inventory control
Mayfield, John
On linear programing approach to inventory control problems Zhu received his PhD from Wayne State with inventory control problems under the discounted criterion. The objective is to minimize the discounted total imbeds the inventory control problem into an infinite-dimensional linear program over a space of measures
Generalized Linear Quadratic Control
Gattami, Ather Said
We consider the problem of stochastic finite- and infinite-horizon linear quadratic control under power constraints. The calculations of the optimal control law can be done off-line as in the classical linear quadratic ...
The Microscopic Linear Dynamics
Penny, Will
The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear Dynamics Exponentials Matrix Exponential Eigendecomposition Dynamical Modes Nodes State Space Saddles Oscillations Spirals Centres Offsets Retinal Circuit Nullclines Stability Spiking Neurons Fitzhugh-Nagumo Nonlinear Dynamics Linearization Nonlinear Oscillation Excitable
Zeghib, Abdelghani
Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Actions of discrete groups on stationary Piccione) Geodeycos Meeting, Lyon, 28-30 April 2010 Abdelghani Zeghib Dynamics on Lorentz manifolds #12;Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Motivations and questions Examples 1 Introduction
Introduction to Linear Relaxations
Introduction to Linear Relaxations by R. Baker Kearfott Department of Mathematics University relaxations; . discuss validation of linear relaxations. Intro. Linear Relaxations December, 2003 Taylor, . . . , m 2 , where # : R n # R and c i , g i : R n # R are guaranteed to be within one of the x # that has
Non-linearities in the quantum multiverse
Orfeu Bertolami; Victor Herdeiro
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has been recently proposed that the multiverse of eternal inflation and the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics can be identified, yielding a new view on the measure and measurement problems. In the present note, we argue that a non-linear evolution of observables in the quantum multiverse would be an obstacle for such a description and that these non-linearities are expected from quite general arguments.
Comparison of co-expression measures: mutual information, correlation, and model based indices
Song, Lin; Langfelder, Peter; Horvath, Steve
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
that non- linear association measures, especially regressioncontrast, regression models capture non-linear gene pairwiseand spline regression models to measure non-linear
Linear phase distribution of acoustical vortices
Gao, Lu; Zheng, Haixiang [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Ma, Qingyu, E-mail: maqingyu@njnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Tu, Juan; Zhang, Dong [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
Linear phase distribution of phase-coded acoustical vortices was theoretically investigated based on the radiation theory of point source, and then confirmed by experimental measurements. With the proposed criterion of positive phase slope, the possibility of constructing linear circular phase distributions is demonstrated to be determined by source parameters. Improved phase linearity can be achieved at larger source number, lower frequency, smaller vortex radius, and/or longer axial distance. Good agreements are observed between numerical simulations and measurement results for circular phase distributions. The favorable results confirm the feasibility of precise phase control for acoustical vortices and suggest potential applications in particle manipulation.
Demmel, James; Holtz, Olga; Dumitriu, Ioana
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
than other basic linear algebra subroutines. AcknowledgmentsApplied Numerical Linear Algebra. SIAM, 1997. [23] J.algorithms in numerical linear algebra. SIAM Review, 20:740–
Fault tolerant linear actuator
Tesar, Delbert
2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
In varying embodiments, the fault tolerant linear actuator of the present invention is a new and improved linear actuator with fault tolerance and positional control that may incorporate velocity summing, force summing, or a combination of the two. In one embodiment, the invention offers a velocity summing arrangement with a differential gear between two prime movers driving a cage, which then drives a linear spindle screw transmission. Other embodiments feature two prime movers driving separate linear spindle screw transmissions, one internal and one external, in a totally concentric and compact integrated module.
Using Linearity Web Copyright 2007
Rodriguez, Carlos
Using Linearity Web Rev. 2.0 May 2007 Copyright © 2007 #12;Using Linearity Web i Contents Introduction to Linearity Web.............................................................................1 Features, Benefits, and Value of Linearity Web..............................................1 Before You
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this book, the authors introduce the notion of Super linear algebra and super vector spaces using the definition of super matrices defined by Horst (1963). This book expects the readers to be well-versed in linear algebra. Many theorems on super linear algebra and its properties are proved. Some theorems are left as exercises for the reader. These new class of super linear algebras which can be thought of as a set of linear algebras, following a stipulated condition, will find applications in several fields using computers. The authors feel that such a paradigm shift is essential in this computerized world. Some other structures ought to replace linear algebras which are over a century old. Super linear algebras that use super matrices can store data not only in a block but in multiple blocks so it is certainly more powerful than the usual matrices. This book has 3 chapters. Chapter one introduces the notion of super vector spaces and enumerates a number of properties. Chapter two defines the notion of super linear algebra, super inner product spaces and super bilinear forms. Several interesting properties are derived. The main application of these new structures in Markov chains and Leontief economic models are also given in this chapter. The final chapter suggests 161 problems mainly to make the reader understand this new concept and apply them.
Linear Motor Powered Transportation
Thornton, Richard D.
This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...
Stochastic bridges of linear systems
Yongxin Chen; Tryphon Georgiou
2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study a generalization of the Brownian bridge as a stochastic process that models the position and velocity of inertial particles between the two end-points of a time interval. The particles experience random acceleration and are assumed to have known states at the boundary. Thus, the movement of the particles can be modeled as an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process conditioned on position and velocity measurements at the two end-points. It is shown that optimal stochastic control provides a stochastic differential equation (SDE) that generates such a bridge as a degenerate diffusion process. Generalizations to higher order linear diffusions are considered.
A development of MOS linear active load schemes
Mallett, Robert Alan
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
resistor. A solution to this problem is to use a single or multiply interconnected MOS transistors to simulate resistors. These simulated resistors are termed "active loads". The advantages of using MOSFETs over passive monolithic resistors are the high...'s inverted parallel load . General description of the fully linear active block Fully linear active block Three transistor fully linear block Cktl Ckt2 Ckt3 Ckt4 Complex single transistor loads IPL DEPR FLAB I ? V measuring system THD measuring...
Optimization Online - Linear-quadratic control problem with a linear ...
L Faybusovich
2003-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 19, 2003 ... Abstract: We describe a complete solution of the linear-quaratic control problem with the linear term in the objective function on a semiinfinite ...
6, 74277469, 2006 Linear ozone
Boyer, Edmond
ACPD 6, 74277469, 2006 Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Evaluation of linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction
Robust Linear Optimization With Recourse
2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an approach to two-stage linear optimization with recourse that does ... Linear optimization with recourse was first introduced by Dantzig in [17] as a ...
Reticle stage based linear dosimeter
Berger, Kurt W.
2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
A detector to measure EUV intensity employs a linear array of photodiodes. The detector is particularly suited for photolithography systems that includes: (i) a ringfield camera; (ii) a source of radiation; (iii) a condenser for processing radiation from the source of radiation to produce a ringfield illumination field for illuminating a mask; (iv) a reticle that is positioned at the ringfield camera's object plane and from which a reticle image in the form of an intensity profile is reflected into the entrance pupil of the ringfield camera, wherein the reticle moves in a direction that is transverse to the length of the ringfield illumination field that illuminates the reticle; (v) detector for measuring the entire intensity along the length of the ringfield illumination field that is projected onto the reticle; and (vi) a wafer onto which the reticle imaged is projected from the ringfield camera.
Reticle stage based linear dosimeter
Berger, Kurt W. (Livermore, CA)
2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
A detector to measure EUV intensity employs a linear array of photodiodes. The detector is particularly suited for photolithography systems that includes: (i) a ringfield camera; (ii) a source of radiation; (iii) a condenser for processing radiation from the source of radiation to produce a ringfield illumination field for illuminating a mask; (iv) a reticle that is positioned at the ringfield camera's object plane and from which a reticle image in the form of an intensity profile is reflected into the entrance pupil of the ringfield camera, wherein the reticle moves in a direction that is transverse to the length of the ringfield illumination field that illuminates the reticle; (v) detector for measuring the entire intensity along the length of the ringfield illumination field that is projected onto the reticle; and (vi) a wafer onto which the reticle imaged is projected from the ringfield camera.
Spectral learning of linear dynamics from generalised-linear observations
a non-linear and non-Gaussian observation process. We use this approach to obtain estimates to the generalised-linear regression model [8]), where the expected value of an observation is given by a monotonicSpectral learning of linear dynamics from generalised-linear observations with application
Linear Quantum Feedback Networks
J. Gough; R. Gohm; M. Yanagisawa
2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The mathematical theory of quantum feedback networks has recently been developed for general open quantum dynamical systems interacting with bosonic input fields. In this article we show, for the special case of linear dynamical systems Markovian systems with instantaneous feedback connections, that the transfer functions can be deduced and agree with the algebraic rules obtained in the nonlinear case. Using these rules, we derive the the transfer functions for linear quantum systems in series, in cascade, and in feedback arrangements mediated by beam splitter devices.
Shaon Sahoo; Soumya Kanti Ganguly
2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Contrary to the actual nonlinear Glauber model (NLGM), the linear Glauber model (LGM) is exactly solvable, although the detailed balance condition is not generally satisfied. This motivates us to address the issue of writing the transition rate ($w_j$) in a best possible linear form such that the mean squared error in satisfying the detailed balance condition is least. The advantage of this work is that, by studying the LGM analytically, we will be able to anticipate how the kinetic properties of an arbitrary Ising system depend on the temperature and the coupling constants. The analytical expressions for the optimal values of the parameters involved in the linear $w_j$ are obtained using a simple Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse matrix. This approach is quite general, in principle applicable to any system and can reproduce the exact results for one dimensional Ising system. In the continuum limit, we get a linear time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation from the Glauber's microscopic model of non-conservative dynamics. We analyze the critical and dynamic properties of the model, and show that most of the important results obtained in different studies can be reproduced by our new mathematical approach. We will also show in this paper that the effect of magnetic field can easily be studied within our approach; in particular, we show that the inverse of relaxation time changes quadratically with (weak) magnetic field and that the fluctuation-dissipation theorem is valid for our model.
Linear Programming Environmental
Nagurney, Anna
Linear Program to control air pollution was developed in 1968 by Teller, which minimized cost Fall 2006 #12;Topics · Introduction · Background · Air · Land · Water #12;Introduction · "The United States spends more than 2% of its gross domestic product on pollution control, and this is more than any
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this book we use only special types of intervals and introduce the notion of different types of interval linear algebras and interval vector spaces using the intervals of the form [0, a] where the intervals are from Zn or Z+ \\cup {0} or Q+ \\cup {0} or R+ \\cup {0}. A systematic development is made starting from set interval vector spaces to group interval vector spaces. Vector spaces are taken as interval polynomials or interval matrices or just intervals over suitable sets or semigroups or groups. Main feature of this book is the authors have given over 350 examples. This book has six chapters. Chapter one is introductory in nature. Chapter two introduces the notion of set interval linear algebras of type one and two. Set fuzzy interval linear algebras and their algebras and their properties are discussed in chapter three. Chapter four introduces several types of interval linear bialgebras and bivector spaces and studies them. The possible applications are given in chapter five. Chapter six suggests nearly 110 problems of all levels.
Henneaux, Marc; Teitelboim, Claudio [Physique Theorique et Mathematique and International Solvay Institutes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Plaine C. P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium) and Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile)
2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that duality transformations of linearized gravity in four dimensions, i.e., rotations of the linearized Riemann tensor and its dual into each other, can be extended to the dynamical fields of the theory so as to be symmetries of the action and not just symmetries of the equations of motion. Our approach relies on the introduction of two superpotentials, one for the spatial components of the spin-2 field and the other for their canonically conjugate momenta. These superpotentials are two-index, symmetric tensors. They can be taken to be the basic dynamical fields and appear locally in the action. They are simply rotated into each other under duality. In terms of the superpotentials, the canonical generator of duality rotations is found to have a Chern-Simons-like structure, as in the Maxwell case.
Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.
1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.
Combustion powered linear actuator
Fischer, Gary J. (Albuquerque, NM)
2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention provides robotic vehicles having wheeled and hopping mobilities that are capable of traversing (e.g. by hopping over) obstacles that are large in size relative to the robot and, are capable of operation in unpredictable terrain over long range. The present invention further provides combustion powered linear actuators, which can include latching mechanisms to facilitate pressurized fueling of the actuators, as can be used to provide wheeled vehicles with a hopping mobility.
The International Linear Collider
Barish, Barry
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article, we describe the key features of the recently completed technical design for the International Linear Collider (ILC), a 200-500 GeV linear electron-positron collider (expandable to 1 TeV) that is based on 1.3 GHz superconducting radio-frequency (SCRF) technology. The machine parameters and detector characteristics have been chosen to complement the Large Hadron Collider physics, including the discovery of the Higgs boson, and to further exploit this new particle physics energy frontier with a precision instrument. The linear collider design is the result of nearly twenty years of R&D, resulting in a mature conceptual design for the ILC project that reflects an international consensus. We summarize the physics goals and capability of the ILC, the enabling R&D and resulting accelerator design, as well as the concepts for two complementary detectors. The ILC is technically ready to be proposed and built as a next generation lepton collider, perhaps to be built in stages beginning as a Hig...
Linear and angular retroreflecting interferometric alignment target
Maxey, L. Curtis (Powell, TN)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention provides a method and apparatus for measuring both the linear displacement and angular displacement of an object using a linear interferometer system and an optical target comprising a lens, a reflective surface and a retroreflector. The lens, reflecting surface and retroreflector are specifically aligned and fixed in optical connection with one another, creating a single optical target which moves as a unit that provides multi-axis displacement information for the object with which it is associated. This displacement information is useful in many applications including machine tool control systems and laser tracker systems, among others.
Linear optimization Linear programming using the Simplex method
McCready, Mark J.
Linear optimization Linear programming using the Simplex method Maximize M = 40 x1 + 60 x2 subject, that increasing x2 is the way to get the biggest impact. The idea of the simplex method is to move only
Park, Joung Won
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, a highly linear broadband Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) is presented. The linearity issue in broadband Radio Frequency (RF) front-end is introduced, followed by an analysis of the specifications and requirements of a broadband LNA through...
Wave functions of linear systems
Tomasz Sowinski
2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
Complete analysis of quantum wave functions of linear systems in an arbitrary number of dimensions is given. It is shown how one can construct a complete set of stationary quantum states of an arbitrary linear system from purely classical arguments. This construction is possible because for linear systems classical dynamics carries the whole information about quantum dynamics.
Special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy linear algebra
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral
2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
The authors in this book introduce the notion of special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy Linear algebra, which is an extension of the notion set linear algebra and set fuzzy linear algebra. These concepts are best suited in the application of multi expert models and cryptology. This book has five chapters. In chapter one the basic concepts about set linear algebra is given in order to make this book a self contained one. The notion of special set linear algebra and their fuzzy analogue is introduced in chapter two. In chapter three the notion of special set semigroup linear algebra is introduced. The concept of special set n-vector spaces, n greater than or equal to three is defined and their fuzzy analogue is their fuzzy analogue is given in chapter four. The probable applications are also mentioned. The final chapter suggests 66 problems.
Positrons for linear colliders
Ecklund, S.
1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The requirements of a positron source for a linear collider are briefly reviewed, followed by methods of positron production and production of photons by electromagnetic cascade showers. Cross sections for the electromagnetic cascade shower processes of positron-electron pair production and Compton scattering are compared. A program used for Monte Carlo analysis of electromagnetic cascades is briefly discussed, and positron distributions obtained from several runs of the program are discussed. Photons from synchrotron radiation and from channeling are also mentioned briefly, as well as positron collection, transverse focusing techniques, and longitudinal capture. Computer ray tracing is then briefly discussed, followed by space-charge effects and thermal heating and stress due to showers. (LEW)
Linear ParameterVarying versus Linear TimeInvariant Control Design for a Pressurized Water Reactor
Bodenheimer, Bobby
. The plant can thus have widely varying dynamics over the operating range. The controllers designed perform to a description of the problem statement. Section 4 describes the identification and modelling of the plant. Se the worstÂcase time variation of a measurable parameter which enters the plant in a linear fractional manner
6, 66276694, 2006 linearized ozone
Boyer, Edmond
ACPD 6, 66276694, 2006 CHEM2D-OPP linearized ozone photochemistry J. P. McCormack et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions CHEM2D-OPP: A new linearized gas-phase ozone photochemistry.mccormack@nrl.navy.mil) 6627 #12;ACPD 6, 66276694, 2006 CHEM2D-OPP linearized ozone photochemistry J. P. McCormack et al
Kliman, G.B.; Brynsvold, G.V.; Jahns, T.M.
1989-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium are disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet. 4 figs.
Kliman, Gerald B. (Schenectady, NY); Brynsvold, Glen V. (San Jose, CA); Jahns, Thomas M. (Schenectady, NY)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium is disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet.
Quantization of general linear electrodynamics
Rivera, Sergio; Schuller, Frederic P. [Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Am Muehlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)
2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
General linear electrodynamics allow for an arbitrary linear constitutive relation between the field strength 2-form and induction 2-form density if crucial hyperbolicity and energy conditions are satisfied, which render the theory predictive and physically interpretable. Taking into account the higher-order polynomial dispersion relation and associated causal structure of general linear electrodynamics, we carefully develop its Hamiltonian formulation from first principles. Canonical quantization of the resulting constrained system then results in a quantum vacuum which is sensitive to the constitutive tensor of the classical theory. As an application we calculate the Casimir effect in a birefringent linear optical medium.
Identifying Redundant Linear Constraints in Systems of Linear ...
2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 22, 2006 ... redundant linear constraints from the system (2.1) and (2.2). ... It is informative to note that in the above theorem, the optimal ..... S. Boyd and L. El Ghaoui, “Linear Matrix Inequalities in System and Control Theory”, SIAM, vol.
Linear Algebra 1: Computing canonical forms in exact linear
Pernet, Clément
Linear Algebra 1: Computing canonical forms in exact linear algebra Clément PERNET, LIG, where U is invertible Reduced echelon form: E = 1 0 0 1 0 1 Gauss-Jordan elimination #12 a field: B = U-1 AU Frobenius normal form (or canonical rational form): F = CP0 CP1 ... CPk
Nicola Scafetta; Richard C. Willson
2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
Herein we adopt a multi-scale dynamical spectral analysis technique to compare and study the dynamical evolution of the harmonic components of the overlapping ACRIMSAT/ACRIM3, SOHO/VIRGO and SORCE/TIM total solar irradiance (TSI) records during 2003.15 to 2013.16 in solar cycles 23 and 24. The three TSI time series present highly correlated patterns. Significant power spectral peaks are common to these records and are observed at the following periods: 0.070 year, 0.097 year, 0.20 year, 0.25 year, 0.30-0.34 year, 0.39 year. Less certain spectral peaks occur at about 0.55 year, 0.60-0.65 year and 0.7-0.9 year. Four main frequency periods at 24.8 days (0.068 year), 27.3 days (0.075 year), at 34-35 days (0.093-0.096 year) and 36-38 days (0.099-0.104 year) characterize the solar rotation cycle. The amplitude of these oscillations, in particular of those with periods larger than 0.5 year, appears to be modulated by the 11-year solar cycle. Similar harmonics have been found in other solar indices. The observed periodicities are found highly coherent with the spring, orbital and synodic periods of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Jupiter. We conclude that solar activity is likely modulated by planetary gravitational and electromagnetic forces acting on the sun. The strength of the sun's response to planetary forcing depends non-linearly on the state of internal solar dynamics: planetary-sun coupling effects are enhanced during solar activity maxima and attenuated during minima.
Non Linear Beam Dynamics Studies at SPEAR
Terebilo, A.; Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA; Cornacchia, M.; Corbett, J.; Martin, D.; /SLAC
2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The frequency map analysis of a Hamiltonian system recently introduced to accelerators physics in combination with turn-by-turn phase space measurements opens new experimental opportunities for studying non linear dynamic in storage rings. In this paper we report on the experimental program at SPEAR having the goal of measuring the frequency map of the machine. In this paper we discuss the accuracy of the instantaneous tune extraction from experimental data and demonstrate the possibility of the frequency map measurement. The instantaneous tune extraction technique can be applied to experimental tracking data with reasonable accuracy. Frequency map can be experimentally determined using the existing turn-by-turn phase space measurement techniques and NAFF instantaneous tune extraction.
Linear tailored gain broad area semiconductor lasers
Lindsey, C.P.; Mehuys, D.; Yariv, A.
1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tailored gain semiconductor lasers capable of high-power operation with single-lobed, nearly diffraction limited beamwidths only a few degrees wide have been demonstrated in proton implanted chirped arrays and ''halftone'' broad area lasers. The authors analyze lasers with a linear gain gradient, and obtain analytic approximations for their unsaturated optical eigenmodes. Unlike a uniform array, the fundamental mode of a linear tailored gain laser is the mode at threshold. Mode discrimination may be controlled by lasing the spatial gain gradient. All modes of asymmetric tailored gain waveguides have single-lobed far-field patterns offset from 0/sup 0/. Finally, they utilize tailored gain broad area lasers to make a measurement of the antiguiding parameter, and find b = 2.5 +- 0.5, in agreement with previous results.
KWIC Index for Numerical Linear Algebra
Carpenter, J.A.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report is a sequel to ORNL/CSD-106 in the ongoing supplements to Professor A.S. Householder's KWIC Index for Numerical Algebra. Beginning with the previous supplement, the subject has been restricted to Numerical Linear Algebra, roughly characterized by the American Mathematical Society's classification sections 15 and 65F but with little coverage of infinite matrices, matrices over fields of characteristics other than zero, operator theory, optimization and those parts of matrix theory primarily combinatorial in nature. Some consideration is given to the uses of graph theory in Numerical Linear Algebra, particularly with respect to algorithms for sparse matrix computations. The period covered by this report is roughly the calendar year 1982 as measured by the appearance of the articles in the American Mathematical Society's Contents of Mathematical Publications lagging actual appearance dates by up to nearly half a year. The review citations are limited to the Mathematical Reviews (MR).
Linearization and Efficiency Enhancement Techniques for RF and Baseband Analog Circuits
Mobarak, Mohamed Salah Mohamed
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
operation is verified with the measurement results of a 400 MHz class D power amplifier. Chapter IV presents a study of class A power amplifier dynamic biasing and its effect on the amplifier linearity. High efficiency and high linearity operation... to low power supply rejection ratio (PSRR). The filter in [7] achieves high linearity with relatively low power but higher noise. Trade-offs between linearity, noise, power, and operating frequency are common and have been incorporated into figures...
The Next Linear Collider: NLC2001
D. Burke et al.
2002-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
Recent studies in elementary particle physics have made the need for an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider able to reach energies of 500 GeV and above with high luminosity more compelling than ever [1]. Observations and measurements completed in the last five years at the SLC (SLAC), LEP (CERN), and the Tevatron (FNAL) can be explained only by the existence of at least one particle or interaction that has not yet been directly observed in experiment. The Higgs boson of the Standard Model could be that particle. The data point strongly to a mass for the Higgs boson that is just beyond the reach of existing colliders. This brings great urgency and excitement to the potential for discovery at the upgraded Tevatron early in this decade, and almost assures that later experiments at the LHC will find new physics. But the next generation of experiments to be mounted by the world-wide particle physics community must not only find this new physics, they must find out what it is. These experiments must also define the next important threshold in energy. The need is to understand physics at the TeV energy scale as well as the physics at the 100-GeV energy scale is now understood. This will require both the LHC and a companion linear electron-positron collider. A first Zeroth-Order Design Report (ZDR) [2] for a second-generation electron-positron linear collider, the Next Linear Collider (NLC), was published five years ago. The NLC design is based on a high-frequency room-temperature rf accelerator. Its goal is exploration of elementary particle physics at the TeV center-of-mass energy, while learning how to design and build colliders at still higher energies. Many advances in accelerator technologies and improvements in the design of the NLC have been made since 1996. This Report is a brief update of the ZDR.
Algorithms for Symmetric Linear and Integer Programs
Bödi, Richard; Joswig, Michael
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper deals with exploiting symmetry for solving linear and integer programming problems. Basic properties of linear representations of finite groups can be used to reduce symmetric linear programming to solving linear programs of lower dimension. Combining this approach with knowledge of the geometry of feasible integer solutions yields an algorithm for solving highly symmetric integer linear programs which only takes time which is linear in the number of constraints and quadratic in the dimension.
Linear conic optimization for nonlinear optimal control
Didier Henrion
2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 7, 2014 ... Abstract: Infinite-dimensional linear conic formulations are described for nonlinear optimal control problems. The primal linear problem consists ...
Biholomorphic maps with linear parts having Jordan blocks: linearization and
Jordan block. Our main result proves convergence of the linearizing transformation of maps for which the Jordan part of the spectrum lies inside the unit circle and the spectrum satis#12;es a R in (C [x]) n , (1.2) where C [x] stands for the set of all formal power series with complex coe
High dimensional linear inverse modelling
Cooper, Fenwick C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce and demonstrate two linear inverse modelling methods for systems of stochastic ODE's with accuracy that is independent of the dimensionality (number of elements) of the state vector representing the system in question. Truncation of the state space is not required. Instead we rely on the principle that perturbations decay with distance or the fact that for many systems, the state of each data point is only determined at an instant by itself and its neighbours. We further show that all necessary calculations, as well as numerical integration of the resulting linear stochastic system, require computational time and memory proportional to the dimensionality of the state vector.
A linear, temperature compensated, high frequency salinity measuring device
Kelly, Minton Jones
1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bmole tu'oe an% fil. l 8~, 'ith BeraLlry 48re GSB(1 31Tlce tae 81 1ctroL 8 81 818 Could( 18 c(+i '" -2 ui l 11 i ~ '8 p o jt1$'v] v . luce, e' 8& f col &1, lee ir i OE 1 conn::ct'on ie . ". '~B to tho n~: o; ry. . he "1". Oo;&o11 betuesn the l lc 'C'iry...
Linearized theory of peridynamic states.
Silling, Stewart Andrew
2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.
PROCESS CONTROLLABILITY ANALYSIS USING LINEAR AND NONLINEAR
Skogestad, Sigurd
PROCESS CONTROLLABILITY ANALYSIS USING LINEAR AND NONLINEAR OPTIMISATION Samara D. Chenery October linear and nonlinear dynamic optimisation techniques. For the linear case an optimal control problem is formulated to assess the best achievable performance for the set of linear time invariant (LTI) controllers
Sikes, Derek S.
MATH F314-F71 Linear Algebra Summer 2014 Instructor: Dr. Dana E. Madison, demadison2@alaska is by email. Class Dates and Times: July 7 August 14, 12:00pm 1:50pm Textbook: Linear Algebra and its: This is a first course in linear algebra that starts with the basic objects vectors, matrices, systems of linear
Why quantum dynamics is linear
Thomas F. Jordan
2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum dynamics is linear. How do we know? From theory or experiment? The history of this question is reviewed. Nonlinear generalizations of quantum mechanics have been proposed. They predict small but clear nonlinear effects, which very accurate experiments have not seen. Is there a reason in principle why nonlinearity is not found? Is it impossible? Does quantum dynamics have to be linear? Attempts to prove this have not been decisive, because either their assumptions are not compelling or their arguments are not conclusive. The question has been left unsettled. There is a simple answer, based on a simple assumption. It was found in two steps separated by 44 years. They are steps back to simpler and more compelling assumptions. A proof of the assumptions of the Wigner-Bargmann proof has been known since 1962. It assumes that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. For this step, it is also assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease. In a step taken in 2006, it is proved that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. It is assumed, as in the earlier step, that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics, so the question is only about how things change in time. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system, but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system.
On the Ergodic Theorem for non-linear wave propagation
Luiz C. L. Botelho
2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We present a complete study of the ergodic theorem for the difficult problem of non-linear wave propagations through cylindrical measures /path integrals and the famous Ruelle-Amrein-Geogerscu-Enss (R.A.G.E.) theorem on the caracterization of continuous spectrum of self-adjoint operators.
Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"
Internet Measurement- System A Measurement- System B Control System GPS Satellite GPS Satellite GPS Receiver GPS Receiver 2) measurement 3) data1) command Methodology for One-way IP Performance Measurement This paper proposes a methodology for measurement of one-way IP performance metrics such as one-way delay
Set Linear Algebra and Set Fuzzy Linear Algebra
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral
2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
In this book, the authors define the new notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized form of vector spaces. Set vector spaces make use of the least number of algebraic operations, therefore, even a non-mathematician is comfortable working with it. It is with the passage of time, that we can think of set linear algebras as a paradigm shift from linear algebras. Here, the authors have also given the fuzzy parallels of these new classes of set linear algebras. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter briefly recalls some of the basic concepts in order to make this book self-contained. Chapter two introduces the notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized concept of vector spaces. Set vector spaces lends itself to define new classes of vector spaces like semigroup vector spaces and group vector spaces. These are also generalization of vector spaces. The fuzzy analogue of these concepts are given in Chapter three. In Chapter four, set vector spaces are generalized to biset bivector spaces and not set vector spaces. This is done taking into account the advanced information technology age in which we live. As mathematicians, we have to realize that our computer-dominated world needs special types of sets and algebraic structures. Set n-vector spaces and their generalizations are carried out in Chapter five. Fuzzy n-set vector spaces are introduced in the sixth chapter. The seventh chapter suggests more than three hundred problems.
Optimal Constructions of Fault Tolerant Optical Linear Compressors and Linear Decompressors
Chang, Cheng-Shang
1 Optimal Constructions of Fault Tolerant Optical Linear Compressors and Linear Decompressors Cheng linear compressors and linear decompressors. The basic network element for our constructions is scaled first obtain a fundamental result on the minimum con- struction complexity of a linear compressor
Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator
Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)
2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.
Linearized supergravity from Matrix theory
D. Kabat; W. Taylor
1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the linearized supergravity potential between two objects arising from the exchange of quanta with zero longitudinal momentum is reproduced to all orders in 1/r by terms in the one-loop Matrix theory potential. The essential ingredient in the proof is the identification of the Matrix theory quantities corresponding to moments of the stress tensor and membrane current. We also point out that finite-N Matrix theory violates the equivalence principle.
Precision linear ramp function generator
Jatko, W. Bruce (Knoxville, TN); McNeilly, David R. (Maryville, TN); Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A ramp function generator is provided which produces a precise linear ramp unction which is repeatable and highly stable. A derivative feedback loop is used to stabilize the output of an integrator in the forward loop and control the ramp rate. The ramp may be started from a selected baseline voltage level and the desired ramp rate is selected by applying an appropriate constant voltage to the input of the integrator.
Precision linear ramp function generator
Jatko, W.B.; McNeilly, D.R.; Thacker, L.H.
1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A ramp function generator is provided which produces a precise linear ramp function which is repeatable and highly stable. A derivative feedback loop is used to stabilize the output of an integrator in the forward loop and control the ramp rate. The ramp may be started from a selected baseline voltage level and the desired ramp rate is selected by applying an appropriate constant voltage to the input of the integrator.
Segmented rail linear induction motor
Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.
1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.
A linear induction motor conveyer
Solinsky, Kenneth Sheldon
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
wave 14. Fundamentals of inducing a magnetic field. 25 15. Dsr made of conducting material placed above six current carrying wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 16. Change in conductor's magnetic field with time. 27 17. Origin of. forces..., it is pos- sible to design a mears of moving certain objects, such that the arly moving parts of the entire convey- ing system are the items to be moved. Such a system can be used to move any item made of a nonmagnetic conductor. A linear inductior...
Generation of a permanent linear electro-optic effect in an optical fiber by poling
Hu, Xiaochao
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
was carried out. The maximum poling efficiency has been achieved at the applied poling temperature well be- low the fiber melting point. The linear electro- optic coefficient was measured to be 6X10 M/V at room temperature after application of an electric... Before Poling. . . . Fig. 9 Linear-Optic Coefficient vs Poling Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Fig. 10 Linear-Optic Coefficient vs Poling Field. . . . . INTRODUCTION Fast switches and modulators are key elements in fiber optical signal...
Method and apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer
Pokrywka, Robert J. (North Huntingdon, PA)
2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
A calibration apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) having an armature positioned in au LVDT armature orifice, and the armature able to move along an axis of movement. The calibration apparatus includes a heating mechanism with an internal chamber, a temperature measuring mechanism for measuring the temperature of the LVDT, a fixture mechanism with an internal chamber for at least partially accepting the LVDT and for securing the LVDT within the heating mechanism internal chamber, a moving mechanism for moving the armature, a position measurement mechanism for measuring the position of the armature, and an output voltage measurement mechanism. A method for calibrating an LVDT, including the steps of: powering the LVDT; heating the LVDT to a desired temperature; measuring the position of the armature with respect to the armature orifice; and measuring the output voltage of the LVDT.
System identification for passive linear quantum systems
Madalin Guta; Naoki Yamamoto
2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
System identification is a key enabling component for the implementation of quantum technologies, including quantum control. In this paper, we consider the class of passive linear input-output systems, and investigate several basic questions: (1) which parameters can be identified? (2) Given sufficient input-output data, how do we reconstruct system parameters? (3) How can we optimize the estimation precision by preparing appropriate input states and performing measurements on the output? We show that minimal systems can be identified up to a unitary transformation on the modes, and systems satisfying a Hamiltonian connectivity condition called "infecting" are completely identifiable. We propose a frequency domain design based on a Fisher information criterion, for optimizing the estimation precision for coherent input state. As a consequence of the unitarity of the transfer function, we show that the Heisenberg limit with respect to the input energy can be achieved using non-classical input states.
Optimal Unravellings for Feedback Control in Linear Quantum Systems
H. M . Wiseman; A. C. Doherty
2005-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
For quantum systems with linear dynamics in phase space much of classical feedback control theory applies. However, there are some questions that are sensible only for the quantum case, such as: given a fixed interaction between the system and the environment what is the optimal measurement on the environment for a particular control problem? We show that for a broad class of optimal (state-based) control problems (the stationary Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian class), this question is a semi-definite program. Moreover, the answer also applies to Markovian (current-based) feedback.
Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Cylinder
Tentzeris, Manos
Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) conformed longitudinally around a cylinder. Measured and simulated are presented. Fig. 1: Schematic of LTSA with dimensions in cm. Fig. 2: LTSA wrapped around 90Âº curve. LTSA
Linear-quadratic control problem with a linear term on semiinfinite ...
2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 15, 2003 ... We describe a complete solution of the linear-quadratic control prob- lem on a semiinfinite interval with the linear term in the objective func-.
High speed linear induction motor efficiency optimization
Johnson, Andrew P. (Andrew Peter)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the reasons linear motors, a technology nearly a century old, have not been adopted for a large number of linear motion applications is that they have historically had poor efficiencies. This has restricted the ...
MANEUVER REGULATION, TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION, AND ZERO
Maggiore, Manfredi
MANEUVER REGULATION, TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION, AND ZERO DYNAMICS Chris Nielsen,1 Manfredi focus is on output maneuver regulation where stabilizing transverse dynamics is a key requirement. Keywords: Maneuver regulation, path following, feedback linearization, zero dynamics, non-square systems
Duality for Mixed-Integer Linear Programs
2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z
The theory of duality for linear programs is well-developed and has been successful ... methods for determining the effect of modifications to the input data on the ..... and the primal problem is bounded, since linear programming duality tells us ...
Symmetries in Linear and Integer Programs
Bödi, R
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The notion of symmetry is defined in the context of Linear and Integer Programming. Symmetric linear and integer programs are studied from a group theoretical viewpoint. We show that for any linear program there exists an optimal solution in the fixed point set of its symmetry group. Using this result, we develop an algorithm that allows for reducing the dimension of any linear program having a non-trivial group of symmetries.
Linear Programming Lower Bounds for Minimum Converter ...
generation algorithm for solving the linear relaxation of the most promising ... Keywords: Optical Networks, Wavelength Assignment, Integer Programming.
Optimization Online - Vector Space Decomposition for Linear ...
Jean Bertrand Gauthier
2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 26, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper describes a vector space decomposition algorithmic framework for linear programming guided by dual feasibility ...
Varying-Coefficient Functional Linear Regression Models
Cardot, Hervé
Varying-Coefficient Functional Linear Regression Models Herv´e Cardot1 and Pascal Sarda2 1, the ability of such non linear functional approaches to produce competitive estimations. Short title : Varying monograph. We propose here another generalization of the functional linear regression model in which
Computational Reality XIII Non-linear regression
Berlin,Technische Universität
Computational Reality XIII Non-linear regression Inverse analysis II B. Emek Abali @ LKM - TU Berlin Abstract Linear regression to fit and determine parameters, shown in the last tutorial, is quite useful and widely implemented, however, there are material models where parameters are coupled non-linearly
(Parallel Linear Algebra Package) Jess Cmara Moreno
GimÃ©nez, Domingo
Ã¡lgebra lineal (Linear Algebra Objects). TambiÃ©n permite la utilizaciÃ³n de vistas (objetos referenciadosPLAPACK (Parallel Linear Algebra Package) JesÃºs CÃ¡mara Moreno ProgramaciÃ³n Paralela y ComputaciÃ³n ReducciÃ³n de Vectores InicializaciÃ³n de PLAPACK. Funciones. Templates. Funciones. Linear Algebra Objects
Varshney, Kush R.
Low-dimensional statistics of measurements play an important role in detection problems, including those encountered in sensor networks. In this work, we focus on learning low-dimensional linear statistics of high-dimensional ...
Robust Linearization of RF Amplifiers Using NonLinear Internal Model Control Method
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Robust Linearization of RF Amplifiers Using NonLinear Internal Model Control Method Smail Bachir #1, the nonlinear Internal Model Control (IMC) method is introduced and applied to linearize high frequency Power to be controlled [8]. If the model is a perfect representation of the non linear system, the controller can
Optimal Linear Quadratic Regulator for Markovian Jump Linear Systems, in the
Baras, John S.
, in the last fifteen, the classical paradigms of optimal control for Markovian jump linear systems (see CostaOptimal Linear Quadratic Regulator for Markovian Jump Linear Systems, in the presence of one time] and in the design of controllers Chizeck [1986] of controllers for Markovian jump linear systems. More specifically
Kunkel, Peter
The linear quadratic optimal control problem for linear descriptor systems with variable coefficients Peter Kunkel 3 Volker Mehrmann y 17.01.97 Abstract We study linear quadratic optimal control, 93B11, 93B40 1 Introduction In this paper we study the linearÂquadratic optimal control problem
ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression
George, Glyn
for dealing with non-linear regression are available in the course text, but are beyond the scopeENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression Sometimes an experiment predict the value of Y for that value of x . The simple linear regression model is that the predicted
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683 Published Numerical Linear Algebra and its Applications The fourth workshop of the ERCIM Working Group on `Matrix Computations and Statistics' and the First International workshop on `Numerical Linear Algebra and its
Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for Developing Non-Linear Seismic SSI Analysis Techniques Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for...
International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010
None
2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
IWLC2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010ECFA-CLIC-ILC joint meeting: Monday 18 October - Friday 22 October 2010Venue: CERN and CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva, Switzerland) This year, the International Workshop on Linear Colliders organized by the European Committee for Future Accelerators (ECFA) will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both CLIC and ILC options.Contact Workshop Secretariat IWLC2010 is hosted by CERN
Summer 2012 Mathematics 317, Linear Algebra
Long, Nicholas
or download a .pdf version for use on a Kindle or Sony Reader or a printable .pdf version. You do not need://linear.ups.edu/xml/latest/fcla-xml-latest.xml Amazon Kindle DX format (optimized PDF): http://linear.ups.edu/download/fcla-kindleDX-2.30.pdf SONY Reader format (optimized PDF for PRS-500, PRS-505): http://linear.ups.edu/download/fcla-sony505-2.30.pdf
GENERALIZED DUAL FACE ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR ...
2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 90C05; Secondary 65K05. Key words and phrases. linear programming, dual level face, dual optimal face .
Stochastic linear programming games with concave preferences
2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
We study stochastic linear programming games: a class of stochastic ... which include minimum cost spanning trees (Granot and Huberman 1981) as a special
Optimization Online - Equivalence of an Approximate Linear ...
Alejandro Toriello
2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 7, 2013 ... Equivalence of an Approximate Linear Programming Bound with the Held-Karp Bound for the Traveling Salesman Problem. Alejandro Toriello ...
LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting...
Linear conic optimization for nonlinear optimal control
2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 7, 2014 ... This linear transport equation is classical in fluid mechanics, statistical ... define a relaxed optimal control problem as an LP in the cone of non-.
Elastic Wave Behavior Across Linear Slip Interfaces
Schoenberg, M.
plane waves incident at arbitrary angles upon a plane linear slip interface are computed ... Also included in these sections is an analysis ... ish, Ut is of the form.
Linear dependence of exponentials - Department of Mathematics ...
2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
in the books of the Russian mathematician A. Leontiev. Dear Steven and Sherman,. I recently saw the problem on “linear independence of exponentials”.
Siting the International Linear Collider at Hanford
Kouzes, Richard T.; Asner, David M.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Fast, James E.; Miley, Harry S.
2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Review of the proposed International Linear Collider, applications in high energy physics, and evaluation of the Hanford Site as a possible location for siting the facilityl.
Siting the International Linear Collider at Hanford
Kouzes, Richard T.; Asner, David M.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Fast, James E.; Miley, Harry S.
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Review of the proposed International Linear Collider, applications in high energy physics, and evaluation of the Hanford Site as a possible location for siting the facility.
Optimization Online - Linear equalities in blackbox optimization
Charles Audet
2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
May 28, 2014 ... ... neither in theory nor in practice. The present work proposes extensions to treat problems with linear equalities whose expression is known.
Optimization Online - Linear, Cone and Semidefinite Programming ...
Strong duality in conic linear programming: facial reduction and extended duals ... A new semide nite programming relaxation for the quadratic assignment ...
Ultra-high vacuum photoelectron linear accelerator
Yu, David U.L.; Luo, Yan
2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
An rf linear accelerator for producing an electron beam. The outer wall of the rf cavity of said linear accelerator being perforated to allow gas inside said rf cavity to flow to a pressure chamber surrounding said rf cavity and having means of ultra high vacuum pumping of the cathode of said rf linear accelerator. Said rf linear accelerator is used to accelerate polarized or unpolarized electrons produced by a photocathode, or to accelerate thermally heated electrons produced by a thermionic cathode, or to accelerate rf heated field emission electrons produced by a field emission cathode.
The Linear Complementarity Problem, Lemke Algorithm ...
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
graphs [4], [14], [9] and the research articles in their reference lists. One of the interesting ..... The Linear Complementarity Problem, Academic-Press,. Inc., 1992
The Equivalence of Linear Programs and Zero-Sum Games
2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming problems and ... This note concerns the equivalence between linear programming (LP) ...
Optimal Measurement and Control in Quantum Dynamical Systems.
Belavkin, Viacheslav P.
Optimal Measurement and Control in Quantum Dynamical Systems. V P Belavkin Institute of Physics-dimensional linear Markovian dynamical system with a quantum linear transmission line is studied. The optimal quantum multi-stage decision rule consisting of the classical linear optimal control strategy and quantum
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This book is a continuation of the book n-linear algebra of type I and its applications. Most of the properties that could not be derived or defined for n-linear algebra of type I is made possible in this new structure: n-linear algebra of type II which is introduced in this book. In case of n-linear algebra of type II we are in a position to define linear functionals which is one of the marked difference between the n-vector spaces of type I and II. However all the applications mentioned in n-linear algebras of type I can be appropriately extended to n-linear algebras of type II. Another use of n-linear algebra (n-vector spaces) of type II is that when this structure is used in coding theory we can have different types of codes built over different finite fields whereas this is not possible in the case of n-vector spaces of type I. Finally in the case of n-vector spaces of type II, we can obtain n-eigen values from distinct fields; hence, the n-characteristic polynomials formed in them are in distinct different fields. An attractive feature of this book is that the authors have suggested 120 problems for the reader to pursue in order to understand this new notion. This book has three chapters. In the first chapter the notion of n-vector spaces of type II are introduced. This chapter gives over 50 theorems. Chapter two introduces the notion of n-inner product vector spaces of type II, n-bilinear forms and n-linear functionals. The final chapter suggests over a hundred problems. It is important that the reader is well-versed not only with linear algebra but also n-linear algebra of type I.
Company Name: Linear Technology Corporation Web Site: www.linear.com
New Hampshire, University of
Company Name: Linear Technology Corporation Web Site: www.linear.com Industry: Semiconductor Brief worldwide for three decades. The Company's products provide an essential bridge between our analog world
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2011; 18:961980
De Sterck, Hans
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2011; 18:961980 Published aggregation method of [1], and the Markov chain algebraic multigrid (MCAMG) method of [3] using the OTF
Best Linear Unbiased Estimate Motivation for BLUE
Fowler, Mark
1 Chapter 6 Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) #12;2 Motivation for BLUE Except for Linear Model to a sub-optimal estimate BLUE is one such sub-optimal estimate Idea for BLUE: 1. Restrict estimate) Advantage of BLUE:Needs only 1st and 2nd moments of PDF Mean & Covariance Disadvantages of BLUE: 1. Sub
Architecture of an Automatic Tuned Linear Algebra
GimÃ©nez, Domingo
/01 and PI-34/00788/F5/01. #12;Hierarchical Architecture of a Self-Optimised Lineal Algebra LibraryArchitecture of an Automatic Tuned Linear Algebra Library* Javier Cuenca Domingo GimÃ©nez JosÃ© .... SPt c,z Architecture of a Self-Optimised Linear Algebra Routine (SOLAR) Installation_information n1
Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming
Park, Haesun
model of h-LDA by relating it to the two-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), which fits well dimension reduction, hierarchical linear discriminant analysis (h-LDA) to a well-known spatial localization1 Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming Jaegul Choo , Barry L. Drake
Soft materials for linear electromechanical energy conversion
Antal Jakli; Nandor Eber
2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review the literature of linear electromechanical effects of soft materials, especially in synthetic and biological polymers and liquid crystals (LCs). First we describe results on direct and converse piezoelectricity, and then we discuss a linear coupling between bending and electric polarization, which maybe called bending piezoelectricity, or flexoelectricity.
THREE THEOREMS ON LINEAR GROUPS BOGDAN NICA
Nica, Bogdan
1960). A finitely generated linear group over a field of zero characteristic is virtually torsion) a subgroup of GLn(K), where K is a field. If we want to specify the field, we say that the group is linear torsion-free if some finite-index subgroup is torsion-free. As a matter of further termi- nology, Selberg
Thvenin's Theorem Linear two-terminal circuit
Kozick, Richard J.
Thévenin's Theorem Linear two-terminal circuit can be replaced by an equivalent circuit composed at terminals with allResistance at terminals with all independent circuit sources set to zero #12;Norton's Theorem Linear two-terminal circuit can be replaced by an equivalentbe replaced by an equivalent circuit
Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators
Parsons, William M. (Santa Fe, NM)
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.
LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL
Slatton, Clint
1 LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL Jing Lan1, Jeongho Cho1, Deniz Erdogmus2, Jos}@cnel.ufl.edu, derdogmus@ieee.org, m.a.motter@larc.nasa.gov Abstract Nonlinear PID design is difficult if one approaches modeling approach with traditional linear PID controller design techniques to arrive at a principled
Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators
Parsons, W.M.
1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.
Linear Algebra Notes David A. SANTOS
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Linear Algebra Notes David A. SANTOS dsantos@ccp.edu January 2, 2010 REVISION #12;ii Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2 Matrices and Matrix Operations 18 2.1 The Algebra of Matrices . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.3 Diagonalisability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 7.4 Theorem of Cayley and Hamilton . . . . . 147 8 Linear Algebra
Blood Management Using Approximate Linear Programming
Shenoy, Prashant
Blood Management Using Approximate Linear Programming Marek Petrik and Shlomo Zilberstein January 13th, 2009 Marek Petrik and Shlomo Zilberstein () Blood Management Using Approximate Linear ProgrammingJanuary 13th, 2009 1 / 36 #12;Blood Inventory Management Problem Regional blood banks: Aggregate
Assumptions that imply quantum dynamics is linear
Thomas F. Jordan
2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
A basic linearity of quantum dynamics, that density matrices are mapped linearly to density matrices, is proved very simply for a system that does not interact with anything else. It is assumed that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system. The basic linearity is linked with previously established results to complete a simple derivation of the linear Schrodinger equation. For this it is assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease.
Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint
Wagner, M. J.
2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.
Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between
Carrell, Jim
Chapter 6 Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between two vector spaces V and W which are defined over the same field and prove the most basic transformations is equivalent to matrix theory. We will also study the geometric properties of linear
Coherent Quantum Filtering for Physically Realizable Linear Quantum Plants
Igor G. Vladimirov; Ian R. Petersen
2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The paper is concerned with a problem of coherent (measurement-free) filtering for physically realizable (PR) linear quantum plants. The state variables of such systems satisfy canonical commutation relations and are governed by linear quantum stochastic differential equations, dynamically equivalent to those of an open quantum harmonic oscillator. The problem is to design another PR quantum system, connected unilaterally to the output of the plant and playing the role of a quantum filter, so as to minimize a mean square discrepancy between the dynamic variables of the plant and the output of the filter. This coherent quantum filtering (CQF) formulation is a simplified feedback-free version of the coherent quantum LQG control problem which remains open despite recent studies. The CQF problem is transformed into a constrained covariance control problem which is treated by using the Frechet differentiation of an appropriate Lagrange function with respect to the matrices of the filter.
IRREGULARITIES IN X(Y) FROM Y(X) IN LINEAR CALIBRATION
Ramirez, Donald E.
IRREGULARITIES IN X(Y) FROM Y(X) IN LINEAR CALIBRATION D. R. JENSEN AND D. E. RAMIREZ Abstract. Let X be an input measurement and Y the output reading of a calibrated instrument, with Y (X) as the calibration curve. Solving X(Y ) projects an instrumental reading back onto the scale of measurements
Linearly polarized remote-edge luminescence in GaSe nanoslabs
Tang, Yanhao; Mandal, Krishna C; McGuire, John A; Lai, Chih-Wei
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report highly linearly polarized remote luminescence that emerges at the cleaved edges of nanoscale gallium selenide slabs tens of micrometers away from the optical excitation spot. The remote-edge luminescence (REL) measured in the reflection geometry has a degree of linear polarization above 0.90, with polarization orientation pointing toward the photoexcitation spot. The REL is dominated by an index-guided optical mode that is linearly polarized along the crystalline $c$-axis. This luminescence is from out-of-plane dipoles that are converted from in-plane dipoles through a spin-flip process at the excitation spot.
Rudolph, J
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The linear accelerator ELBE delivers high-brightness electron bunches to multiple user stations, including two IR-FEL oscillators [1], [2]. In the framework of an upgrade program the current thermionic injector is being replaced by a SRF-photoinjector [3], [4]. The SRF injector promises higher beam quality, especially required for future experiments with high power laser radiation. During the commissioning phase, the SRF-injector was running in parallel to the thermionic gun. After installation of a injection beamline (dogleg), beam from the SRF-injector can now be injected into the ELBE linac. Detailed characterization of the electron beam quality delivered by the new electron injector includes vertical slice emittance measurements in addition to measurements of projected emittance values. This report gives an overview of the status of the project and summarizes first measurement results as well as results of simulations performed with measurement settings.
Optically isolated signal coupler with linear response
Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An optocoupler for isolating electrical signals that translates an electrical input signal linearly to an electrical output signal. The optocoupler comprises a light emitter, a light receiver, and a light transmitting medium. The light emitter, preferably a blue, silicon carbide LED, is of the type that provides linear, electro-optical conversion of electrical signals within a narrow wavelength range. Correspondingly, the light receiver, which converts light signals to electrical signals and is preferably a cadmium sulfide photoconductor, is linearly responsive to light signals within substantially the same wavelength range as the blue LED.
LED Linear Lamps and Troffer Lighting
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The CALiPER program performed a series of investigations on linear LED lamps. Each report in the series covers the performance of up to 31 linear LED lamps, which were purchased in late 2012 or 2013. The first report focuses on bare lamp performance of LED T8 replacement lamps and subsequent reports examine performance in various troffers, as well as cost-effectiveness. There is also a concise guidance document that describes the findings of the Series 21 studies and provides practical advice to manufacturers, specifiers, and consumers (Report 21.4: Summary of Linear (T8) LED Lamp Testing , 5 pages, June 2014).
Tower systems for Linearly repetitive Delone sets
José Aliste-Prieto; Daniel Coronel
2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study linearly repetitive Delone sets and prove, following the work of Bellissard, Benedetti and Gambaudo, that the hull of a linearly repetitive Delone set admits a properly nested sequence of box decompositions (tower system) with strictly positive and uniformly bounded (in size and norm) transition matrices. This generalizes a result of Durand for linearly recurrent symbolic systems. Furthermore, we apply this result to give a new proof of a classic estimation of Lagarias and Pleasants on the rate of convergence of patch-frequencies.
Apkarian, V. Ara
Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2, Irvine, California 92717 Received 19 October 1995; accepted 30 January 1996 The effect of linearly pulse chirp, is a measure of the controllability of the evolving dynamics. In the particular case
GROUP SPARSITY VIA LINEAR-TIME PROJECTION
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 31, 2008 ... linear regression model subject to a bound on the l1-norm of the coefficients; .... this strategy scales poorly with the number of non-zero groups.
A polynomial projection algorithm for linear programming
2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
algorithm is based on a procedure whose input is a homogeneous system of linear ..... In this case s = 0 and the procedure sets the output vector yout to 0.
The Computational Complexity of Linear Optics
Aaronson, Scott
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give new evidence that quantum computers---moreover, rudimentary quantum computers built entirely out of linear-optical elements---cannot be efficiently simulated by classical computers. In particular, we define a model ...
Linear Thermodynamics of Rodlike DNA Filtration
Li, Zirui
Linear thermodynamics transportation theory is employed to study filtration of rodlike DNA molecules. Using the repeated nanoarray consisting of alternate deep and shallow regions, it is demonstrated that the complex ...
Photon emission within the linear sigma model
F. Wunderlich; B. Kampfer
2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
Soft-photon emission rates are calculated within the linear sigma model. The investigation is aimed at answering the question to which extent the emissivities map out the phase structure of this particular effective model of strongly interacting matter.
TIGHTER LINEAR AND SEMIDEFINITE RELAXATIONS FOR MAX ...
7 by a detailed analysis of the new relaxations. If positive ... Key words. linear relaxation, semide nite relaxation, lift and project, cut polytope, stable set. polytope ..... su ces to consider the circuit inequalities for chordless circuits [7]. Therefore ...
New linear and positive semidefinite programming based ...
2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
testing matrix copositivity [10, 25]; (ii) 0-1 linear optimisation problems [35, 36, ...... 1. By letting Mr be the set of polynomials in M of degree less than or equal to r, ...
QPOs: Einstein's gravity non-linear resonances
Paola Rebusco; Marek A. Abramowicz
2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
There is strong evidence that the observed kHz Quasi Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in the X-ray flux of neutron star and black hole sources in LMXRBs are linked to Einstein's General Relativity. Abramowicz&Klu\\'zniak (2001) suggested a non-linear resonance model to explain the QPOs origin: here we summarize their idea and the development of a mathematical toy-model which begins to throw light on the nature of Einstein's gravity non-linear oscillations.
Zeros in linear multivariable control systems
Ewing, Robert Fennell
1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ZEROS IN LINEAR MULTIVARIABLE CONTROL SYSTEMS A Thesis by ROBERT FENNELL EWING Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974 Major... Control Systems (August 1974) Robert Fennell Ewing, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. W. Howze This thesis examines the problem of altering the transfer function matrix of a linear, time-invariant, multivariable system...
Lectures on Numerical Linear Algebra Yunkai Zhou
Zhou, Yunkai
University Dallas, Texas 75075 yzhou@smu.edu Spring, 2013 #12;Acknowledgements The lecture slides benefit. Y. Zhou Math-6316/CS-7366, SMU 2/210 #12;Basic Linear Algebra Spaces: Rn , Cn , Rn×n , Cn×n , Rm. Zhou Math-6316/CS-7366, SMU 3/210 #12;Basic Linear Algebra Spaces: Rn , Cn , Rn×n , Cn×n , Rm×n , Cm
Lectures on Numerical Linear Algebra Yunkai Zhou
Zhou, Yunkai
University Dallas, Texas 75075 yzhou@smu.edu Spring, 2012 #12;Acknowledgements The lecture slides benefit. Y. Zhou Math-6316/CS-7366, SMU 2/213 #12;Basic Linear Algebra Spaces: Rn , Cn , Rn×n , Cn×n , Rm. Zhou Math-6316/CS-7366, SMU 3/213 #12;Basic Linear Algebra Spaces: Rn , Cn , Rn×n , Cn×n , Rm×n , Cm
Controllability of second order linear systems Josep Clotet
PolitÃ¨cnica de Catalunya, Universitat
Controllability of second order linear systems Josep Clotet 1 , M a Â¯ Isabel Garc linearization process we study the controllability of second order linear systems. We obtain sufficient-Words: - Two-order linear systems, linearization, feedback, controllability. 1 Introduction The study of second
Piecewise Linear Instrumental Variable Estimation of Causal Influence Richard Scheines
Spirtes, Peter
studies show that when the causal influence of X on Y is non-linear, the piecewise linear linear IV-estimator. In the final section, we describe an experiment comparing regular regression, linearPiecewise Linear Instrumental Variable Estimation of Causal Influence Richard Scheines Dept
Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1
Dowek, Gilles
Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1 , Gilles Dowekc aUniversitÂ´e de Grenoble, together with linear algebra. We see this Linear-algebraic -calculus (also referred to as Lineal for short and linear algebra. This language extends the -calculus with the possibility to make arbitrary linear
Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lineal: A linear-algebraic -calculus Pablo Arrighia,1 , Gilles Dowekc aUniversit´e de Grenoble, together with linear algebra. We see this Linear-algebraic -calculus (also referred to as Lineal for short and linear algebra. This language extends the -calculus with the possibility to make arbitrary linear
Lectures on Linear Algebra over Division Ring
Aleks Kleyn
2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this book i treat linear algebra over division ring. A system of linear equations over a division ring has properties similar to properties of a system of linear equations over a field. However, noncommutativity of a product creates a new picture. Matrices allow two products linked by transpose. Biring is algebra which defines on the set two correlated structures of the ring. As in the commutative case, solutions of a system of linear equations build up right or left vector space depending on type of system. We study vector spaces together with the system of linear equations because their properties have a close relationship. As in a commutative case, the group of automorphisms of a vector space has a single transitive representation on a frame manifold. This gives us an opportunity to introduce passive and active representations. Studying a vector space over a division ring uncovers new details in the relationship between passive and active transformations, makes this picture clearer. Considering of twin representations of division ring in Abelian group leads to the concept of D vector space and their linear map. Based on polyadditive map I considered definition of tensor product of rings and tensor product of D vector spaces.
Linear and Non-linear Response of Lithographically Defined Plasmonic Nanoantennas
Schraml, K; Bartl, J; Glashagen, G; Regler, A; Finley, J J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present numerical studies, nano-fabrication and optical characterization of bowtie nanoantennas demonstrating their superior performance with respect to the electric field enhancement as compared to other Au nanoparticle shapes. For optimized parameters, we found mean intensity enhancement factors >2300x in the feed-gap of the antenna, decreasing to 1300x when introducing a 5nm titanium adhesion layer. Using electron beam lithography we fabricated gold bowties on various substrates with feed-gaps and tip radii as small as 10nm. In polarization resolved measurement we experimentally observed a blue shift of the surface plasmon resonance from 1.72eV to 1.35eV combined with a strong modification of the electric field enhancement in the feed-gap. Under excitation with a 100fs pulsed laser source, we observed non-linear light emission arising from two-photon photoluminescence and second harmonic generation from the gold. The bowtie nanoantenna shows a high potential for outstanding conversion efficiencies and t...
alfven fluctuations linear: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
of open and expanding magnetic field configuration with a realistic temperature distribution. We compute the maximum transversal velocity of both linear and non-linear Alfven...
EXTENSIONS OF GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELING APPROACH TO STOCHASTIC WEATHER GENERATORS
Katz, Richard
weather) -- Software R open source statistical programming language: Function glm "Family;(2) Generalized Linear Models Statistical Framework -- Multiple Regression Analysis (Linear model or LM) Response
Automated control of linear constricted plasma source array
Anders, Andre (Albany, CA); Maschwitz, Peter A. (Martinsville, VA)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for controlling an array of constricted glow discharge chambers are disclosed. More particularly a linear array of constricted glow plasma sources whose polarity and geometry are set so that the contamination and energy of the ions discharged from the sources are minimized. The several sources can be mounted in parallel and in series to provide a sustained ultra low source of ions in a plasma with contamination below practical detection limits. The quality of film along deposition "tracks" opposite the plasma sources can be measured and compared to desired absolute or relative values by optical and/or electrical sensors. Plasma quality can then be adjusted by adjusting the power current values, gas feed pressure/flow, gas mixtures or a combination of some or all of these to improve the match between the measured values and the desired values.
Non-linear mechanical response of the Red Blood Cell
Young-Zoon Yoon; Jurij Kotar; Gilwon Yoon; Pietro Cicuta
2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
We measure the dynamical mechanical properties of human red blood cells. Single cell response is measured with optical tweezers. We investigate both the stress relaxation following a fast deformation, and the effect of varying the strain rate. We find a power law decay of the stress as a function of time, down to a plateau stress, and a power law increase of the cell's elasticity as a function of the strain rate. Interestingly, the exponents of these quantities violate the linear superposition principle, indicating a nonlinear response. We propose that this is due to breaking of a fraction of the crosslinks during the deformation process. The Soft Glassy Rheology Model accounts for the relation between the exponents we observe experimentally. This picture is consistent with recent models of bond remodeling in the red blood cell's molecular structure. Our results imply that the blood cell's mechanical behavior depends critically on the deformation process.
A Linear Circuit Model For Social Influence Analysis
Xiang, Biao; Liu, Qi; Xiong, Hui
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the behaviors of information propagation is essential for the effective exploitation of social influence in social networks. However, few existing influence models are both tractable and efficient for describing the information propagation process and quantitatively measuring social influence. To this end, in this paper, we develop a linear social influence model, named Circuit due to its close relation to the circuit network. Based on the predefined four axioms of social influence, we first demonstrate that our model can efficiently measure the influence strength between any pair of nodes. Along this line, an upper bound of the node(s)' influence is identified for potential use, e.g., reducing the search space. Furthermore, we provide the physical implication of the Circuit model and also a deep analysis of its relationships with the existing methods, such as PageRank. Then, we propose that the Circuit model provides a natural solution to the problems of computing each single node's authority a...
2009 Linear Collider Workshop of the Americas
Seidel, Sally
2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
The 2009 Linear Collider Workshop of the Americas was held on the campus of the University of New Mexico from 29 September to 3 October, 2009. This was a joint meeting of the American Linear Collider Physics Group and the ILC Global Design Effort. Two hundred fifty people attended. The number of scientific contributions was 333. The complete agenda, with links to all of the presentations, is available at physics.unm.edu/LCWA09/. The meeting brought together international experts as well as junior scientists, to discuss the physics potential of the linear collider and advances in detector technology. The validation of detector designs was announced, and the detector design groups planned the next phase of the effort. Detector R&D teams reported on progress on many topics including calorimetry and tracking. Recent accelerator design considerations were discussed in a special session for experimentalists and theorists.
Dual-range linearized transimpedance amplifier system
Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)
2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
A transimpedance amplifier system is disclosed which simultaneously generates a low-gain output signal and a high-gain output signal from an input current signal using a single transimpedance amplifier having two different feedback loops with different amplification factors to generate two different output voltage signals. One of the feedback loops includes a resistor, and the other feedback loop includes another resistor in series with one or more diodes. The transimpedance amplifier system includes a signal linearizer to linearize one or both of the low- and high-gain output signals by scaling and adding the two output voltage signals from the transimpedance amplifier. The signal linearizer can be formed either as an analog device using one or two summing amplifiers, or alternately can be formed as a digital device using two analog-to-digital converters and a digital signal processor (e.g. a microprocessor or a computer).
Test facilities for future linear colliders
Ruth, R.D.
1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
During the past several years there has been a tremendous amount of progress on Linear Collider technology world wide. This research has led to the construction of the test facilities described in this report. Some of the facilities will be complete as early as the end of 1996, while others will be finishing up around the end 1997. Even now there are extensive tests ongoing for the enabling technologies for all of the test facilities. At the same time the Linear Collider designs are quite mature now and the SLC is providing the key experience base that can only come from a working collider. All this taken together indicates that the technology and accelerator physics will be ready for a future Linear Collider project to begin in the last half of the 1990s.
Optical Quadratic Measure Eigenmodes
Michael Mazilu; Joerg Baumgartl; Sebastian Kosmeier; Kishan Dholakia
2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
We report a mathematically rigorous technique which facilitates the optimization of various optical properties of electromagnetic fields. The technique exploits the linearity of electromagnetic fields along with the quadratic nature of their interaction with matter. In this manner we may decompose the respective fields into optical quadratic measure eigenmodes (QME). Key applications include the optimization of the size of a focused spot, the transmission through photonic devices, and the structured illumination of photonic and plasmonic structures. We verify the validity of the QME approach through a particular experimental realization where the size of a focused optical field is minimized using a superposition of Bessel beams.
Linear Parameter-Varying versus Linear Time-Invariant Control Design for a Pressurized Water Reactor
Bodenheimer, Bobby
-dependent control to a nuclear pressurized water reactor is investigated and is compared to that of using an H1Linear Parameter-Varying versus Linear Time-Invariant Control Design for a Pressurized Water Reactor Pascale Bendotti y Electricit e de France Direction des Etudes et Recherches 6 Quai Watier, 78401
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2008; 15:115139
De Sterck, Hans
NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2008; 15:115139 Published-two interpolation for parallel algebraic multigrid Hans De Sterck1, Robert D. Falgout2, Joshua W. Nolting3, Campus Box 526, Boulder, CO 80302, U.S.A. SUMMARY Algebraic multigrid (AMG) is one of the most efficient
Limitations of controlling oscillators via linear augmentation
Rajat Karnatak
2015-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we will have a look at some examples where linear augmentation is used to control oscillatory systems towards their stationary solutions. The simplicity of linear augmentation is a big positive feature of this scheme but at the same time, questions related to the general applicability of this procedure need to be addressed. This work attempts to demonstrate some control instances where this scheme fails to stabilize the required stationary solutions. Examples from conservative as well as dissipative dynamical systems are presented in this regard and a possible application for dissipative predator--prey dynamics is also discussed.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
versus CO for OVOCs and acetonitrile calculated by linearThis analy- OVOCs and acetonitrile. Because OVOCs have knownwas used to measure acetonitrile, aromatics and oxy- genated
On the mathematical modelling of measurement
Jonathan Barzilai
2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
The operations of linear algebra, calculus, and statistics are routinely applied to measurement scales but certain mathematical conditions must be satisfied in order for these operations to be applicable. We call attention to the conditions that lead to construction of measurement scales that enable these operations.
Linearity -statistics 1.1B training
Linearity - statistics IPAT 1.1B training 300M training D0 resolution is evaluated using 100k single muon events (same events in all 3 plots). Red is the default 11L FTK bank trained using 300M muons on narrow beam of muons (central eta, fixed phi, high fixed pT). Using two types of training: default FTK
Shrink-Wrapping trajectories for Linear Programming
2010-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
May 30, 2010 ... In particular, we analyze the geometry of these trajectories in the ... convexity that does not rely on complex variables; in Section 3 we ..... otal observation for building Shrink-Wrapping framework for linear programming ... In applications, these three types of problems provide an extremely powerful modeling.
Numerical Linear Algebra and Optimization on Facebook
Sidorov, Nikita
Numerical Linear Algebra and Optimization on Facebook: "In a relationship" or "It's complicated indicate their "relationship status" on Facebook (!!!). (I don't need to define Facebook, right?) #12;Facebook is close to ubiquitous (1.2 billion users in March 2014). 556 million people log on to Facebook
Linear-quadratic fractional Gaussian control
Duncan, Tyrone E.; Pasik-Duncan, Bozenna
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a control problem for a linear stochastic system driven by a noise process that is an arbitrary zero mean, square integrable stochastic process with continuous sample paths and a cost functional that is quadratic in the system state...
Algebra Linear -Exercicios resolvidos Exercicio 1
Dias, Esmeralda Sousa
´Algebra Linear - Exerc´icios resolvidos Exerc´icio 1: Sejam E = L({(1, 1, 1), (1, 2, 2)}) e F = L~ao de E F ´e 1. Exerc´icio 2: No espa¸co dos polin´omios reais de grau menor ou igual a 3, P3
Development of a Novel Linear Magnetostrictive Actuator
Sadighi, Ali
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
. ............................................................. 11 Fig. 1.9. Photograph of the extended-range linear magnetostrictive actuator with double-sided three-phase stators. ............................................................................ 12 Fig. 2.1. The overall design process...-D Slab ..........................................................................................39 3.2.2 Stator...........................................................................................................41 ix Page 3.3 Winding...
STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER DIRECTOR'S OFFICE
Wechsler, Risa H.
of these offices not listed here. PART 1: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT RECORDS R&D Program Management records document the basis for research and development program management decisions, direction, policiesSTANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER DIRECTOR'S OFFICE RECORDS CONTROL SCHEDULE SCOPE: This schedule
STANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER RECORDS CONTROL SCHEDULE
Wechsler, Risa H.
to project justification, staffing, initiation, or execution; project management plans, records managementSTANFORD LINEAR ACCELERATOR CENTER PEP-II RECORDS CONTROL SCHEDULE SCOPE: This schedule covers records of the PEP-II project, regardless of format (paper, electronic, magnetic, photographic, etc
SME0141 lgebra Linear e Equaes Diferenciais
Spreafico, Mauro - Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação, Universidade de São Paulo
SME0141 Álgebra Linear e Equações Diferenciais Aula 5 Maria Luísa Bambozzi de Oliveira marialuisa; Propriedades; Teorema. Maria Luísa SME0141 Aula 5 #12;Equações Diferenciais Introdução Fenômenos em física químicas, etc. Maria Luísa SME0141 Aula 5 #12;Equações Diferenciais Definições Equação diferencial
Automatic tuning for linearly tunable filter
Huang, Sung-Ling
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
A new tuning scheme for linearly tunable high-Q filters is proposed. The tuning method is based on using the phase information for both frequency and Q factor tuning. There is no need to find out the relationship between a filter's passband...
Linear Signal Reconstruction from Jittered Sampling
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Linear Signal Reconstruction from Jittered Sampling Alessandro Nordio (1) , Carla jitter, which is based on the analysis of the mean square error (MSE) between the reconstructed sig- nal of digital signal reconstruction as a function of the clock jitter, number of quantization bits, signal
GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION
Hastie, Trevor
GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT Park 2006 All Rights Reserved ii #12;I certify that I have read this dissertation and that, in my opinion, it is fully adequate in scope and quality as a dissertation for the degree of Doctor
Introduction to Statistical Linear Models Spring 2005
of multivariate data and in the language of matrices and vectors. Broad introduction to MATLAB/Octave, R (SSyllabus Introduction to Statistical Linear Models 960:577:01 Spring 2005 Instructor: Farid Statistical Analysis" Fifth edition, Prentice Hall, 2002. Other sources may be required and will be posted
Automatic tuning for linearly tunable filter
Huang, Sung-Ling
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
A new tuning scheme for linearly tunable high-Q filters is proposed. The tuning method is based on using the phase information for both frequency and Q factor tuning. There is no need to find out the relationship between a filter's passband...
Diabetes Mellitus Glucose Prediction by Linear and
Diabetes Mellitus Glucose Prediction by Linear and Bayesian Ensemble Modeling Fredrik St was diagnosed with diabetes type 1. Being an engineer with a control and systems oriented curriculum I realized of diabetes glucose metabolism, and bringing new hope of technical solutions to support the management
Section Notes 5 Review of Linear Programming
Chen, Yiling
3 Lecture 4: Convexity, Extreme points 3 4 Lecture 5: Primal Simplex 4 5 Lecture 6: Advanced Primal (LP) is an optimization problem that involves maximizing or minimizing a linear objective function, ..., Am form a square matrix that is invertible · Span These vectors A1, ..., Am span the vector space
Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic
LaValle, Steven M.
Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic Leonardo Bobadilla Oscar Sanchez Justin or state feedback. We do this by exploiting the wild motions of very simple bodies in an environment propose to start with a "wildly behaving" body for which its precise equations of motion are unknown
STABILIZING SUPERVISORY CONTROL OF HYBRID SYSTEMS BASED ON PIECEWISE LINEAR
Antsaklis, Panos
STABILIZING SUPERVISORY CONTROL OF HYBRID SYSTEMS BASED ON PIECEWISE LINEAR LYAPUNOV FUNCTIONS1 Lyapunov func- tions. In particular, we consider discrete-time switched linear systems. The control problem of discrete-time piecewise linear hybrid systems is in- vestigated using piecewise linear Lyapunov functions
Controllability of Linear Systems with inner derivation on Lie Groups
Boyer, Edmond
Controllability of Linear Systems with inner derivation on Lie Groups Philippe JOUAN November 2 group of automorphisms. A control-ane system is linear if the drift is linear and the controlled vector groups are stated. The paper ends by many examples. Keywords: Lie groups; Linear systems; controllability
1. INTRODUCTION It is relatively easy to control linear systems.
Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej
of the biggest challenges in modern control theory. While linear control system theory has been well developed1. INTRODUCTION It is relatively easy to control linear systems. Unfortunately, in practice most systems are nonlinear. Some of them can be linearized and use well developed linear control theory
Datadriven calibration of linear estimators with minimal penalties
This paper tackles the problem of selecting among several linear estimators in non parametric regression; this includes model selection for linear regression, the choice of a regularization parameter in kernel ridge classification, with linear and non linear predictors [37, 36]. A central issue common to all regularization
Data-driven calibration of linear estimators with minimal penalties
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
This paper tackles the problem of selecting among several linear estimators in non- parametric regression; this includes model selection for linear regression, the choice of a regularization parameter in kernel ridge classification, with linear and non- linear predictors [37, 36]. A central issue common to all regularization
Observability Criteria and Estimator Design for Stochastic Linear Hybrid Systems
Gummadi, Ramakrishna
. Alessandri and Coletta [5] proposed a Luenberger observer design methodology for deterministic linear hybrid
SWITCHING TIME ESTIMATION OF PIECEWISE LINEAR SYSTEMS. APPLICATION TO DIAGNOSIS
Boyer, Edmond
systems. Recently (Alessandri, 2001), Alessandri considered the case where continuous evolution is linear
A Linear Programming based Satisfiability solver using a new
Rossi, Francesca
is unsatisfiable or has a satisfying assignment, we solve a linear program. The solution of the linear program a satisfying assignment or a contradiction we solve a linear program. By the above men- tioned lemmaA Linear Programming based Satisfiability solver using a new Horn-driven search tree design Hans
APPENDIX 475 C. Some Results from Linear Algebra
Gajic, Zoran
APPENDIX 475 C. Some Results from Linear Algebra Linear algebra plays a very important role some standard and important linear algebra results. Definite Matrices Definition C.1: A square matrix of dimensions 798A@ is the space spanned by vectors B that satisfy CDBFEHG . Systems of Linear Algebraic
Compact Proof Certificates For Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri
Chaudhuri, Kaustuv
Compact Proof Certificates For Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri INRIA, France http://kaustuv.chaudhuri
Measures of operator entanglement of two-qubit gates
Balakrishnan, S
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two different measures of operator entanglement of two-qubit gates, namely, Schmidt strength and linear entropy, are studied. While these measures are shown to have one-to-one relation between them for Schmidt number 2 class of gates, no such relation exists for Schmidt number 4 class, implying that the measures are inequivalent in general. Further, we establish a simple relation between linear entropy and local invariants of two-qubit gates. The implication of the relation is discussed.
Measures of operator entanglement of two-qubit gates
S. Balakrishnan; R. Sankaranarayanan
2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
Two different measures of operator entanglement of two-qubit gates, namely, Schmidt strength and linear entropy, are studied. While these measures are shown to have one-to-one relation between them for Schmidt number 2 class of gates, no such relation exists for Schmidt number 4 class, implying that the measures are inequivalent in general. Further, we establish a simple relation between linear entropy and local invariants of two-qubit gates. The implication of the relation is discussed.
Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones
Oppedisano, Michael
2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...
Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones
Oppedisano, Michael
2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...
Dowling, Jonathan P.
to the loss of photons caused by the inter- action between the fiber and the electromagnetic field. By frequently monitoring the presence of the photon through a quantum non-demolition (QND) measurement), and the processing is accomplished by sending the photon through a system of linear optical elements and using
Efficiency limits for linear optical processing of single photons and single-rail qubits
Dominic W. Berry; A. I. Lvovsky; Barry C. Sanders
2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the problem of increasing the efficiency of single-photon sources or single-rail photonic qubits via linear optical processing and destructive conditional measurements. In contrast to previous work we allow for the use of coherent states and do not limit to photon-counting measurements. We conjecture that it is not possible to increase the efficiency, prove this conjecture for several important special cases, and provide extensive numerical results for the general case.
RF properties of periodic accelerating structures for linear colliders
Wang, J.W.
1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
With the advent of the SLAC electron-positron linear collider (SLC) in the 100 GeV center-of-mass energy range, research and development work on even higher energy machines of this type has started in several laboratories in the United States, Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. These linear colliders appear to provide the only promising approach to studying e/sup /plus//e/sup /minus// physics at center-of-mass energies approaching 1 TeV. This thesis concerns itself with the study of radio frequency properties of periodic accelerating structures for linear colliders and their interaction with bunched beams. The topics that have been investigated are: experimental measurements of the energy loss of single bunches to longitudinal modes in two types of structures, using an equivalent signal on a coaxial wire to simulate the beam; a method of canceling the energy spread created within a single bunch by longitudinal wakefields, through appropriate shaping of the longitudinal charge distribution of the bunch; derivation of the complete transient beam-loading equation for a train of bunches passing through a constant-gradient accelerator section, with application to the calculation and minimization of multi-bunch energy spread; detailed study of field emission and radio frequency breakdown in disk-loaded structures at S-, C- and X-band frequencies under extremely high-gradient conditions, with special attention to thermal effects, radiation, sparking, emission of gases, surface damage through explosive emission and its possible control through RF-gas processing. 53 refs., 49 figs., 9 tabs.
Towards a Future Linear Collider and The Linear Collider Studies at CERN
None
2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
During the week 18-22 October, more than 400 physicists will meet at CERN and in the CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva) to review the global progress towards a future linear collider. The 2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both the CLIC and ILC options. Among the topics presented and discussed will be the progress towards the CLIC Conceptual Design Report in 2011, the ILC Technical Design Report in 2012, physics and detector studies linked to these reports, and an increasing numbers of common working group activities. The seminar will give an overview of these topics and also CERN?s linear collider studies, focusing on current activities and initial plans for the period 2011-16. n.b: The Council Chamber is also reserved for this colloquium with a live transmission from the Main Auditorium.
Partially linear models with unit roots
Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Z. J.
2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * !~e t H11002 [e t H11001g~x t !H11002 [g~x t !! Zf t 2 H11001o p ~1!+ PARTIALLY LINEAR MODELS WITH UNIT ROOTS 897 The theorem holds because 1 N 2 ( tH110051 N ~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * ! 2 Zf t 2 nE~f 2 !s v... in econometrics+ One type of these models is the following partially linear regression: y t H11005g ' z t H11001g~x t !H11001e t , tH110051,+++,N, (1.1) where g~{! is an unknown real function and g is the vector of unknown param- eters that we want to estimate...
Enhanced dielectric-wall linear accelerator
Sampayan, S.E.; Caporaso, G.J.; Kirbie, H.C.
1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is enhanced by a high-voltage, fast e-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 6 figs.
Linear source approximation in CASMO5
Ferrer, R.; Rhodes, J. [Studsvik Scandpower, Inc., 504 Shoup Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States); Smith, K. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A Linear Source (LS) approximation has been implemented in the two-dimensional Method of Characteristics (MOC) transport solver in a prototype version of CASMO5. The LS approximation, which relies on the computation of trajectory-based spatial moments over source regions to obtain the linear source expansion coefficients, improves the solution accuracy relative to the 'flat' or constant source approximation. In addition, the LS formulation is capable of treating arbitrarily-shaped source regions and is compatible with standard Coarse-Mesh Finite Difference (CMFD) acceleration. Numerical tests presented in this paper for the C5G7 MOX benchmark show that, for comparable accuracy with respect to the reference solution, the LS approximation can reduce the run time by a factor of four and the memory requirements by a factor often relative to the FS scheme. (authors)
Radio frequency quadrupole resonator for linear accelerator
Moretti, Alfred (Downers Grove, IL)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An RFQ resonator for a linear accelerator having a reduced level of interfering modes and producing a quadrupole mode for focusing, bunching and accelerating beams of heavy charged particles, with the construction being characterized by four elongated resonating rods within a cylinder with the rods being alternately shorted and open electrically to the shell at common ends of the rods to provide an LC parallel resonant circuit when activated by a magnetic field transverse to the longitudinal axis.
Generative Story Worlds Linear Logic Programs
Goldstein, Seth Copen
with standard logical implication: buy_soda : has(Alice, $1) ^ wants(Alice, soda) has(Alice, soda) #12;LINEAR LOGIC 13 A -o B #12;14 buy_soda : has(Alice, $1) * wants(Alice, soda) -o has(Alice, soda) #12;15 A * B/murder : anger C C' * anger C C' * anger C C' * anger C C' * at C L * at C' L * has C weapon -o {at C L * !dead C
Tunnel current across linear homocatenated germanium chains
Matsuura, Yukihito, E-mail: matsuura@chem.nara-k.ac.jp [Department of Chemical Engineering, Nara National College of Technology Yatacho 22, Yamato-koriyama, Nara 539-1080 (Japan)
2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The electronic transport properties of germanium oligomers catenating into linear chains (linear Ge chains) have been theoretically studied using first principle methods. The conduction mechanism of a Ge chain sandwiched between gold electrodes was analyzed based on the density of states and the eigenstates of the molecule in a two-probe environment. Like that of silicon chains (Si chains), the highest occupied molecular orbital of Ge chains contains the extended ?-conjugation of Ge 4p orbitals at energy levels close to the Fermi level; this is in contrast to the electronic properties of linear carbon chains. Furthermore, the conductance of a Ge chain is expected to decrease exponentially with molecular length L. The decay constant ?, which is defined as e{sup ??L}, of a Ge chain is similar to that of a Si chain, whereas the conductance of the Ge chains is higher than that of Si chains even though the Ge–Ge bond length is longer than the Si–Si bond length.
Aleks Kleyn
2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
Module is effective representation of ring in Abelian group. Linear map of module over commutative ring is morphism of corresponding representation. This definition is the main subject of the book. To consider this definition from more general point of view I started the book from consideration of Cartesian product of representations. Polymorphism of representations is a map of Cartesian product of representations which is a morphism of representations with respect to each separate independent variable. Reduced morphism of representations allows us to simplify the study of morphisms of representations. However a representation has to satisfy specific requirements for existence of reduced polymomorphism of representations. It is possible that Abelian group is only $\\Omega$-algebra, such that representation in this algebra admits polymorphism of representations. However, today, this statement has not been proved. Multiplicative $\\Omega$-group is $\\Omega$-algebra in which product is defined. The definition of tensor product of representations of Abelian multiplicative $\\Omega$-group is based on properties of reduced polymorphism of representations of Abelian multiplicative $\\Omega$-group. Since an algebra is a module in which the product is defined, then we can use this theory to study linear map of algebra. For instance, we can study the set of linear transformations of $D$-algebra $A$ as representation of algebra $A\\otimes A$ in algebra $A$.
Quantum Error Correcting Subsystem Codes From Two Classical Linear Codes
Dave Bacon; Andrea Casaccino
2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
The essential insight of quantum error correction was that quantum information can be protected by suitably encoding this quantum information across multiple independently erred quantum systems. Recently it was realized that, since the most general method for encoding quantum information is to encode it into a subsystem, there exists a novel form of quantum error correction beyond the traditional quantum error correcting subspace codes. These new quantum error correcting subsystem codes differ from subspace codes in that their quantum correcting routines can be considerably simpler than related subspace codes. Here we present a class of quantum error correcting subsystem codes constructed from two classical linear codes. These codes are the subsystem versions of the quantum error correcting subspace codes which are generalizations of Shor's original quantum error correcting subspace codes. For every Shor-type code, the codes we present give a considerable savings in the number of stabilizer measurements needed in their error recovery routines.
Extreme hydrogen plasma densities achieved in a linear plasma generator
Rooij, G. J. van; Veremiyenko, V. P.; Goedheer, W. J.; de Groot, B.; Kleyn, A. W.; Smeets, P. H. M.; Versloot, T. W.; Whyte, D. G.; Engeln, R.; Schram, D. C.; Cardozo, N. J. Lopes [FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Nieuwegein, Uthrecht 3430BE (Netherlands); Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307 (United States); FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Nieuwegein, Uthrecht 3430BE (NL) and Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)
2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetized hydrogen plasma beam was generated with a cascaded arc, expanding in a vacuum vessel at an axial magnetic field of up to 1.6 T. Its characteristics were measured at a distance of 4 cm from the nozzle: up to a 2 cm beam diameter, 7.5x10{sup 20} m{sup -3} electron density, {approx}2 eV electron and ion temperatures, and 3.5 km/s axial plasma velocity. This gives a 2.6x10{sup 24} H{sup +} m{sup -2} s{sup -1} peak ion flux density, which is unprecedented in linear plasma generators. The high efficiency of the source is obtained by the combined action of the magnetic field and an optimized nozzle geometry. This is interpreted as a cross-field return current that leads to power dissipation in the beam just outside the source.
Linear optics, Raman scattering, and spin noise spectroscopy
Glazov, M M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Spin noise spectroscopy (SNS) is a new method for studying magnetic resonance and spin dynamics based on measuring the Faraday rotation noise. In strong contrast with methods of nonlinear optics, the spectroscopy of spin noise is considered to be essentially nonperturbative. Presently, however, it became clear that the SNS, as an optical technique, demonstrates properties lying far beyond the bounds of conventional linear optics. Specifically, the SNS shows dependence of the signal on the light power density, makes it possible to penetrate inside an inhomogeneously broadened absorption band and to determine its homogeneous width, allows one to realize an effective pump-probe spectroscopy without any optical nonlinearity, etc. This may seem especially puzzling when taken into account that SNS can be considered just as a version of Raman spectroscopy, which is known to be deprived of such abilities. In this paper, we clarify this apparent inconsistency.
Beam dynamics in a long-pulse linear induction accelerator
Ekdahl, Carl [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Abeyta, Epifanio O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Aragon, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Archuleta, Rita [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cook, Gerald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dalmas, Dale [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Esquibel, Kevin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gallegos, Robert A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garnett, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Harrison, James F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Johnson, Jeffrey B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jacquez, Edward B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Cuistian, Brian T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Montoya, Nicholas A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nath, Subrato [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nielsen, Kurt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Oro, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Prichard, Benjamin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rose, Chris R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sanchez, Manolito [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schauer, Martin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Seitz, Gerald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schulze, Martin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bender, Howard A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Broste, William B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlson, Carl A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Frayer, Daniel K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Johnson, Douglas E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tom, C Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trainham, C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scarpetti, Raymond [LLNL; Genoni, Thomas [VOSS; Hughes, Thomas [VOSS; Toma, Carsten [VOSS
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The second axis of the Dual Axis Radiography of Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility produces up to four radiographs within an interval of 1.6 microseconds. It accomplishes this by slicing four micro-pulses out of a long 1.8-kA, 16.5-MeV electron beam pulse and focusing them onto a bremsstrahlung converter target. The long beam pulse is created by a dispenser cathode diode and accelerated by the unique DARHT Axis-II linear induction accelerator (LIA). Beam motion in the accelerator would be a problem for radiography. High frequency motion, such as from beam breakup instability, would blur the individual spots. Low frequency motion, such as produced by pulsed power variation, would produce spot to spot differences. In this article, we describe these sources of beam motion, and the measures we have taken to minimize it.
Linear Collider Physics Resource Book Snowmass 2001
Ronan (Editor), M.T.
2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The American particle physics community can look forward to a well-conceived and vital program of experimentation for the next ten years, using both colliders and fixed target beams to study a wide variety of pressing questions. Beyond 2010, these programs will be reaching the end of their expected lives. The CERN LHC will provide an experimental program of the first importance. But beyond the LHC, the American community needs a coherent plan. The Snowmass 2001 Workshop and the deliberations of the HEPAP subpanel offer a rare opportunity to engage the full community in planning our future for the next decade or more. A major accelerator project requires a decade from the beginning of an engineering design to the receipt of the first data. So it is now time to decide whether to begin a new accelerator project that will operate in the years soon after 2010. We believe that the world high-energy physics community needs such a project. With the great promise of discovery in physics at the next energy scale, and with the opportunity for the uncovering of profound insights, we cannot allow our field to contract to a single experimental program at a single laboratory in the world. We believe that an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider is an excellent choice for the next major project in high-energy physics. Applying experimental techniques very different from those used at hadron colliders, an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider will allow us to build on the discoveries made at the Tevatron and the LHC, and to add a level of precision and clarity that will be necessary to understand the physics of the next energy scale. It is not necessary to anticipate specific results from the hadron collider programs to argue for constructing an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider; in any scenario that is now discussed, physics will benefit from the new information that e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments can provide. This last point merits further emphasis. If a new accelerator could be designed and built in a few years, it would make sense to wait for the results of each accelerator before planning the next one. Thus, we would wait for the results from the Tevatron before planning the LHC experiments, and wait for the LHC before planning any later stage. In reality accelerators require a long time to construct, and they require such specialized resources and human talent that delay can cripple what would be promising opportunities. In any event, we believe that the case for the linear collider is so compelling and robust that we can justify this facility on the basis of our current knowledge, even before the Tevatron and LHC experiments are done. The physics prospects for the linear collider have been studied intensively for more than a decade, and arguments for the importance of its experimental program have been developed from many different points of view. This book provides an introduction and a guide to this literature. We hope that it will allow physicists new to the consideration of linear collider physics to start from their own personal perspectives and develop their own assessments of the opportunities afforded by a linear collider.
MEASUREMENT, FILTERING AND CONTROL IN QUANTUM OPEN DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS.
Belavkin, Viacheslav P.
Markovian dynam- ical system with a quantum linear transmission line is studied. The optimal quantum multi-stage decision rule consisting of the classical linear optimal control strategy and quantum optimal ...lteringMEASUREMENT, FILTERING AND CONTROL IN QUANTUM OPEN DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS. V. P. BELAVKIN Abstract
Lifted Linear Programming Martin Mladenov Babak Ahmadi Kristian Kersting
Kersting, Kristian
Lifted Linear Programming Martin Mladenov Babak Ahmadi Kristian Kersting Knowledge Discovery Lifted inference approaches have rendered large, previously intractable probabilistic in- ference- tuitively, given a linear program (LP), we em- ploy a lifted variant of Gaussian belief propa- gation (Ga
Repetitive Control of a Novel Linear Magnetostrictive Actuator
Zhu, Ruikang
2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents the repetitive control (RC) design of a novel linear magnetostrictive actuator. A repetitive controller is developed and tested on a novel linear magnetostrictive actuator to improve the tracking accuracy of the actuator to a...
Controller Synthesis of Discrete Linear Plants Using MATTEO SLANINA
Sankaranarayanan, Sriram
Controller Synthesis of Discrete Linear Plants Using Polyhedra MATTEO SLANINA Stanford University controllers for linear discrete systems with disturbances. Given a plant description and a safety We study techniques for synthesizing synchronous controllers for affine plants with disturbances
Rotary-linear axes for high speed machining
Liebman, Michael Kevin, 1974-
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents the design, analysis, fabrication, and control of a rotary-linear axis; this axis is a key subsystem for high speed, 5-axis machine tools intended for fabricating centimeter-scale parts. The rotary-linear ...
ac linear positioning: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed Tentzeris, Manos 187 The Square Root Law Requires a Linear Key Andrew D. Ker...
Trajectory Optimization using Mixed-Integer Linear Programming
Trajectory Optimization using Mixed-Integer Linear Programming by Arthur George Richards Master Optimization using Mixed-Integer Linear Programming by Arthur George Richards Submitted to the Department subjected to avoidance and assignment requirements. The former include avoidance of collisions
The Focused Inverse Method for Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri
Chaudhuri, Kaustuv
The Focused Inverse Method for Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri CMU-CS-06-162 December 4, 2006 Mellon University, or any other entity. Copyright c 2006 Kaustuv Chaudhuri #12;Abstract Linear logic
Math 204 Elementary Linear Algebra Spring 2012 Instructor Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Math 204 Elementary Linear Algebra Spring 2012 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text Linear Algebra and its and Fridays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu Course
Math 304 Linear Algebra Spring 2013 Instructor Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Math 304 Linear Algebra Spring 2013 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text Linear Algebra and its, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar
Math 204 Elementary Linear Algebra Winter 2008 Instructor Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Math 204 Elementary Linear Algebra Winter 2008 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text Linear Algebra and its Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;Course Objectives
Microfabricated linear Paul-Straubel ion trap
Mangan, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM); Blain, Matthew G. (Albuquerque, NM); Tigges, Chris P. (Albuquerque, NM); Linker, Kevin L. (Albuquerque, NM)
2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
An array of microfabricated linear Paul-Straubel ion traps can be used for mass spectrometric applications. Each ion trap comprises two parallel inner RF electrodes and two parallel outer DC control electrodes symmetric about a central trap axis and suspended over an opening in a substrate. Neighboring ion traps in the array can share a common outer DC control electrode. The ions confined transversely by an RF quadrupole electric field potential well on the ion trap axis. The array can trap a wide array of ions.
Parallel ion strings in linear multipole traps
Mathieu Marciante; Caroline Champenois; J. Pedregosa-Gutierrez; Annette Calisti; Martina Knoop
2011-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
Additional radio-frequency (rf) potentials applied to linear multipole traps create extra field nodes in the radial plane which allow one to confine single ions, or strings of ions, in totally rf field-free regions. The number of nodes depends on the order of the applied multipole potentials and their relative distance can be easily tuned by the amplitude variation of the applied voltages. Simulations using molecular dynamics show that strings of ions can be laser cooled down to the Doppler limit in all directions of space. Once cooled, organized systems can be moved with very limited heating, even if the cooling process is turned off.
Linearized Non-Minimal Higher Curvature Supergravity
Farakos, Fotis; Koutrolikos, Konstantinos
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the framework of linearized non-minimal supergravity (20/20), we present the embedding of the $R + R^2$ model and we analyze its field spectrum. As usual, the auxiliary fields of the Einstein theory now become propagating, giving rise to additional degrees of freedom, which organize themselves into on-shell irreducible supermultiplets. By performing the analysis both in component and superspace formulations we identify the new supermultiplets. On top of the two massive chiral superfields reminiscent of the old-minimal supergravity embedding, the spectrum contains also a consistent physical, massive, vector supermultiplet and a tachyonic ghost, massive, vector supermultiplet.
Linearized Non-Minimal Higher Curvature Supergravity
Fotis Farakos; Alex Kehagias; Konstantinos Koutrolikos
2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
In the framework of linearized non-minimal supergravity (20/20), we present the embedding of the $R + R^2$ model and we analyze its field spectrum. As usual, the auxiliary fields of the Einstein theory now become propagating, giving rise to additional degrees of freedom, which organize themselves into on-shell irreducible supermultiplets. By performing the analysis both in component and superspace formulations we identify the new supermultiplets. On top of the two massive chiral superfields reminiscent of the old-minimal supergravity embedding, the spectrum contains also a consistent physical, massive, vector supermultiplet and a tachyonic ghost, massive, vector supermultiplet.
Cincia da Computao -IME -USP Programao linear
Mascarenhas, Walter Figueiredo
ExercÃcio 1 - Resolver o problema de programaÃ§Ã£o linear (PPL) abaixo pelo mÃ©todo SIMPLEX. Maximizar 4x1 +3x2 escolha da linha pivÃ´ durante a aplicaÃ§Ã£o do mÃ©todo simplex a um PPL, entÃ£o a soluÃ§Ã£o bÃ¡sica viÃ¡vel obtida apÃ³s este pivoteamento Ã© degenerada. Â· Quando resolvemos um PPL pelo mÃ©todo simplex, uma soluÃ§Ã£o bÃ¡sica
Physics at the e+ e- Linear Collider
Moortgat-Pick, G; Battaglia, M; Belanger, G; Fujii, K; Kalinowski, J; Heinemeyer, S; Kiyo, Y; Olive, K; Simon, F; Uwer, P; Wackeroth, D; Zerwas, P M; Arbey, A; Asano, M; Bechtle, P; Bharucha, A; Brau, J; Brummer, F; Choi, S Y; Denner, A; Desch, K; Dittmaier, S; Ellis, J; Ellwanger, U; Englert, C; Freitas, A; Ginzburg, I; Godfrey, S; Greiner, N; Grojean, C; Grunewald, M; Heisig, J; Hocker, A; Kanemura, S; Kawagoe, K; Kogler, R; Krawczyk, M; Kronfeld, A S; Kroseberg, J; Liebler, S; List, J; Mahmoudi, F; Mambrini, Y; Matsumoto, S; Mnich, J; Monig, K; Muhlleitner, M M; Poschl, R; Porod, W; Porto, S; Rolbiecki, K; Schlatter, D; Schmitt, M; Serpico, P; Stanitzki, M; Stål, O; Stefaniak, T; Stockinger, D; Wagner, A; Weiglein, G; Wilson, G W; Zeune, L; Moortgat, F; Xella, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A comprehensive review of physics at an e+e- Linear Collider in the energy range of sqrt{s}=92 GeV--3 TeV is presented in view of recent and expected LHC results, experiments from low energy as well as astroparticle physics.The report focuses in particular on Higgs boson, Top quark and electroweak precision physics, but also discusses several models of beyond the Standard Model physics such as Supersymmetry, little Higgs models and extra gauge bosons. The connection to cosmology has been analyzed as well.
Physics at the e+ e- Linear Collider
G. Moortgat-Pick; H. Baer; M. Battaglia; G. Belanger; K. Fujii; J. Kalinowski; S. Heinemeyer; Y. Kiyo; K. Olive; F. Simon; P. Uwer; D. Wackeroth; P. M. Zerwas; A. Arbey; M. Asano; P. Bechtle; A. Bharucha; J. Brau; F. Brummer; S. Y. Choi; A. Denner; K. Desch; S. Dittmaier; U. Ellwanger; C. Englert; A. Freitas; I. Ginzburg; S. Godfrey; N. Greiner; C. Grojean; M. Grunewald; J. Heisig; A. Hocker; S. Kanemura; K. Kawagoe; R. Kogler; M. Krawczyk; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Kroseberg; S. Liebler; J. List; F. Mahmoudi; Y. Mambrini; S. Matsumoto; J. Mnich; K. Monig; M. M. Muhlleitner; R. Poschl; W. Porod; S. Porto; K. Rolbiecki; M. Schmitt; P. Serpico; M. Stanitzki; O. Stål; T. Stefaniak; D. Stockinger; G. Weiglein; G. W. Wilson; L. Zeune; F. Moortgat; S. Xella
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
A comprehensive review of physics at an e+e- Linear Collider in the energy range of sqrt{s}=92 GeV--3 TeV is presented in view of recent and expected LHC results, experiments from low energy as well as astroparticle physics.The report focuses in particular on Higgs boson, Top quark and electroweak precision physics, but also discusses several models of beyond the Standard Model physics such as Supersymmetry, little Higgs models and extra gauge bosons. The connection to cosmology has been analyzed as well.
Linear Concentrator Systems | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan City YujiangLincoln ElectricLindeLinear
An Integer Programming Approach for Linear Programs with ...
2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
Linear programs with joint probabilistic constraints (PCLP) are dif- ficult to solve ...... Stochastic optimization for operating chemical processes under uncertainty.
A Dynamic Near-Optimal Algorithm for Online Linear Programming
Ye, Yinyu
-time forward dynamic pricing for PEVs charging/discharging on smart-grid; Yinyu Ye Online Linear Program 2009
Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Below is the text-alternative version of the "LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps" webcast, held June 20, 2011.
Exploiting separability in large-scale linear support vector machine ...
2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 7, 2007 ... universum classification, ordinal regression and ?-insensitive regression. .... ear, quadratic and non-linear optimization programmes.
High Power, Linear CMOS Power Amplifier for WLAN Applications /
Afsahi, Ali
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S. Tian, “A Highly Linear Direct-Conversion Transmit MixerIntegrated MIMO Multiband Direct Conversion CMOS Transceiver
A Linear Storage-Retrieval Policy for Robust Warehouse Management
Marcus Ang
2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 10, 2008 ... A Linear Storage-Retrieval Policy for Robust Warehouse Management ... Keywords: Dynamic programming, Transportation, Materials handling, ...
Precise Measurement of Deuteron Tensor Analyzing Powers with BLAST
Kohl, M.
We report a precision measurement of the deuteron tensor analyzing powers T[subscript 20] and T[subscript 21] at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center. Data were collected simultaneously over a momentum transfer range ...
Near-infrared spectroscopy of HD the barrier to linearity
Oka, Takeshi
Near-infrared spectroscopy of HD 3 above the barrier to linearity BY JENNIFER L. GOTTFRIED, transitions of HC 3 above the barrier to linearity have been observed. A highly sensitive near-infrared-adiabatic and radiative corrections is revealed. Keywords: HD 3 ; near-infrared spectroscopy; barrier to linearity 1
Evolutionary Non-linear Great Deluge for University Course Timetabling
Landa-Silva, Dario
Evolutionary Non-linear Great Deluge for University Course Timetabling Dario Landa-Silva and Joe-linear great deluge algorithm in which evolutionary opera- tors are incorporated. First, we generate of the evo- lutionary operators. Our results show that the hybrid between non-linear great deluge
Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic April 5, 2013
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic systems April 5, 2013 Guillaume Olive controllability of two classes of linear parabolic systems, namely a system of n heat equations coupled through are the only ones concerning the boundary controllability of linear parabolic systems of heat-type. For more
Control structures in linear and stack-based Genetic Programming
Fernandez, Thomas
Control structures in linear and stack-based Genetic Programming Elko B. Tchernev and Dhananjay S condition, the if and else sections, etc.) are all subtrees of the flow- control node. Linear and stack implementation issues in linear and stack-based GP. A set of flow- control nodes is presented, and examples given
HIERARCHICAL CONTROL FOR A CLASS OF UNCERTAIN PIECEWISE LINEAR HYBRID
Antsaklis, Panos
HIERARCHICAL CONTROL FOR A CLASS OF UNCERTAIN PIECEWISE LINEAR HYBRID DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Hai Lin ,1 for illustration. Keywords: Hybrid Systems, Piecewise Linear Systems, Hierarchical Control, Uncertainty 1, X.D. Koutsoukos and P.J. Antsaklis, "Hierarchical Control for A Class of Uncertain Piecewise Linear
LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS OVER ORE ALGEBRAS: EFFECTIVE ALGORITHMS FOR
Robertz, Daniel
LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS OVER ORE ALGEBRAS: EFFECTIVE ALGORITHMS FOR THE COMPUTATION@momo.math.rwth-aachen.de. Abstract: In this paper, we study linear control systems over Ore algebras. Within this mathematical framework, we can simultaneously deal with different classes of linear control systems such as time
HIERARCHICAL CONTROL FOR A CLASS OF UNCERTAIN PIECEWISE LINEAR HYBRID
Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.
HIERARCHICAL CONTROL FOR A CLASS OF UNCERTAIN PIECEWISE LINEAR HYBRID DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Hai Lin ,1 for illustration. Keywords: Hybrid Systems, Piecewise Linear Systems, Hierarchical Control, Uncertainty 1 of the appropriate controller. In this paper we consider uncertain piecewise linear hybrid dynamical systems
Upcoming Numerical Linear Algebra Issues in Systems and Control Theory
Upcoming Numerical Linear Algebra Issues in Systems and Control Theory Paul Van Dooren University in the interdisciplinary area of numerical linear algebra and systems and control theory. Although we do not claimto, and normalized coprime factorizations in robust control. Key words. Numerical algorithms, linear algebra, sparse
Nonlinear Flight Control Using Neural Networks and Feedback Linearization
Nonlinear Flight Control Using Neural Networks and Feedback Linearization Byoung So0 Kim1, Anthony approaches to aircraft flight control involve linearization of these dynamicsabout a set of pre eliminate many of the undesirable features of linear control. Control of nonlinear systems by inverting
Linearization of affine connection control system David R. Tyner
Lewis, Andrew D.
Linearization of affine connection control system David R. Tyner 22/09/2002 Abstract A simple system. If these systems are underactuated then they do not provide a control- lable linearization about their equilibrium points. Without a controllable linearization it is not entirely clear how one should deriving
Optimal linear control systems with input derivative constraints
Moore, John Barratt
. Optimal linear control systems with input derivative constraints J. B. Moore, Ph. D., and Prof. B-loss-function minimisation problem is linear. The "paper applies the results of this optimal control theory to a class of performance desired. For linear, finite-dimensional, completely controllable systems, Kalmanl has shown
Adaptive continuous-time linear quadratic Gaussian control
Duncan, Tyrone E.; Guo, L.; Pasik-Duncan, Bozenna
1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The adaptive linear quadratic Gaussian control problem, where the linear transformation of the state A and the linear transformation of the control B are unknown, is solved assuming only that (A, B) is controllable and (A, Q(1)(1/2)) is observable...
Stability and Controllability of Planar, Conewise Linear Systems
Broucke, Mireille E.
Stability and Controllability of Planar, Conewise Linear Systems Ari Arapostathis a,2 and Mireille and controllability of piecewise-linear systems defined on a conic partition of R2. This includes necessary. Key words: switched systems, piecewise linear systems, stability, controllability 1 Introduction
Effect of linear lumping on controllability and observability
TÃ³th, JÃ¡nos
Effect of linear lumping on controllability and observability ZsÂ´ofia HorvÂ´ath October 2006 Email to reduce the number of state variables on controllability and observability of linear differential the effect of linear lumping on such properties of the system as controllability and observability and apply
Upcoming Numerical Linear Algebra Issues in Systems and Control Theory
Upcoming Numerical Linear Algebra Issues in Systems and Control Theory Paul Van Dooren University in the interdisciplinary area of numerical linear algebra and systems and control theory. Although we do not claim, and normalized coprime factorizations in robust control. Key words. Numerical algorithms, linear algebra, sparse
Infinite-dimensional linear systems: a distributional approach
Opmeer, Mark
resolvent linear system and solve the linear quadratic optimal control problem for this class of systems contributions to the linear quadratic optimal control problem for operators on infinite-dimensional spaces. We quadratic optimal control problem on a finite time horizon for this class 1 #12;of systems. The infinite
FREQUENCY SHAPED LINEAR OPTIMAL CONTROL WXTH TRANSFER FUNCTION RICCATI EQUATIONS*
Moore, John Barratt
and numerical tool in optimal control problems associated with linear systems having state space descriptions optimal controllers for known multivariable linear stochastic systems. There are some inherent robustnessFREQUENCY SHAPED LINEAR OPTIMAL CONTROL WXTH TRANSFER FUNCTION RICCATI EQUATIONS* John B. Moore** D
OPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS
Bitmead, Bob
, a number of modern model-based control design methods sought to deal with system constraints directlyOPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS Sangho Ko , Robert R. Bitmead 1 with the optimal control problem for systems with state linear equality constraints. For deterministic linear
Kernel Density Based Linear Regression Estimate and Zhibiao Zhao
Zhao, Zhibiao
Kernel Density Based Linear Regression Estimate Weixin Yao and Zhibiao Zhao Abstract For linear regression models with non-normally distributed errors, the least squares estimate (LSE) will lose some words: EM algorithm, Kernel density estimate, Least squares estimate, Linear regression, Maximum
Non-linear regression models for Approximate Bayesian Computation
Robert, Christian P.
Non-linear regression models for Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) Michael Blum Olivier ABC #12;Blum and OF (2009) suggest the use of non-linear conditional heteroscedastic regression models) Linear regression-based ABC can sometimes be improved #12;abc of ABC Using stochastic simulations
PROBABILISTIC AUTO-ASSOCIATIVE MODELS AND SEMI-LINEAR PCA
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
to this family of approaches, non-linear transformation of the original data set [7, 3] too. The auto-associative neural networks can also be view as a non-linear PCA model [2, 27, 4, 19]. In [13] we propose the auto that the projection function is linear and let the regression function be arbitrary. We call the resulting AAM
Math 261A -Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression
Keinan, Alon
called non-linear regression models or polynomial regression models, as the regression curveMath 261A - Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression So far, we have seen the concept of simple linear regression where a single predictor variable X was used to model the response variable Y
STATISTICAL MODEL OF SYSTEMATIC ERRORS: LINEAR ERROR MODEL
Rudnyi, Evgenii B.
to apply. The algorithm to maximize a likelihood function in the case of a non-linear physico - the same variances of errors 3.1. One-way classification 3.2. Linear regression 4. Real case (vaporizationSTATISTICAL MODEL OF SYSTEMATIC ERRORS: LINEAR ERROR MODEL E.B. Rudnyi Department of Chemistry
PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 1 Das lineare Modell
Popeea, Corneliu - Chair for Foundations of Software Reliability and Theoretical Computer Science
PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 1 Das lineare Modell · Ausgangspunkt: Lineares Perceptron vorgegeben, werden nicht gelernt #12;PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 2 · Geschrieben als Regressionsmodell Regression: Lineares Modell #12;PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 3 · ML-Parameterschätzung des linearen
SCIL --Symbolic Constraints in Integer Linear Programming \\Lambda Ernst Althaus
Mehlhorn, Kurt
want short development time (= efficient use of human resources) and runtime efficiency (= efficient introduces symbolic constraints into branchÂandÂcutÂandÂprice algorithms for integer linear programs for integer linear programming (ILP) and mixed integer linear programming (MILP) based on a branchÂandÂcutÂandÂprice
Efficiency Mapping for a Linear Hydraulic-Actuator
Manring, Noah D.
Efficiency Mapping for a Linear Hydraulic-Actuator Noah D. Manring Mechanical and Aerospace at generating an efficiency map for a linear hydraulic-actuator that is controlled using an open-centered 4- way- ing the efficiency improvements that may be gained for linear hydraulic-actuators that use this type
Transforming A Linear Algebra Core to An FFT Accelerator
Batory, Don
Transforming A Linear Algebra Core to An FFT Accelerator Ardavan Pedram, John McCalpin, Andreas the modifications required to transform a highly-efficient, specialized linear algebra core into an efficient engine computations and propose extensions to the micro-architecture of the baseline linear algebra core. Along
Semigroup associated with a quasi-linear system in which the coupling is linear
Pimbley, G.H.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Until now, semigroup solution has been successful mainly for linear and mildly nonlinear initial value problems having but a single partial differential equation (PDE). Attempts to apply standard semigroup generation principles to systems of nonlinear PDEs have encountered difficulties, though papers have appeared that treat mildly nonlinear systems. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate ideas, involving the Trotter product formula, that may be efficacious in finding semigroups for coupled systems of quasi-linear PDEs. This is a class for which semigroup generation principles involving accretiveness of an operator have generally failed. These Trotter product ideas were originally explained by J. Marsden, using a profound Banach manifold approach. 5 references.
Methods For Planning Accelerated Repeated Measures Degradation Tests
Methods For Planning Accelerated Repeated Measures Degradation Tests Brian P. Weaver Statistical repeated measures degradation tests can sometimes be used to assess product or component reliability when-variable accelerated repeated measures degradation test plan when the (possibly transformed) degradation is linear
Astrophysical Gyrokinetics: Basic Equations and Linear Theory
Gregory G. Howes; Steven C. Cowley; William Dorland; Gregory W. Hammett; Eliot Quataert; Alexander A. Schekochihin
2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence is encountered in a wide variety of astrophysical plasmas, including accretion disks, the solar wind, and the interstellar and intracluster medium. On small scales, this turbulence is often expected to consist of highly anisotropic fluctuations with frequencies small compared to the ion cyclotron frequency. For a number of applications, the small scales are also collisionless, so a kinetic treatment of the turbulence is necessary. We show that this anisotropic turbulence is well described by a low frequency expansion of the kinetic theory called gyrokinetics. This paper is the first in a series to examine turbulent astrophysical plasmas in the gyrokinetic limit. We derive and explain the nonlinear gyrokinetic equations and explore the linear properties of gyrokinetics as a prelude to nonlinear simulations. The linear dispersion relation for gyrokinetics is obtained and its solutions are compared to those of hot-plasma kinetic theory. These results are used to validate the performance of the gyrokinetic simulation code {\\tt GS2} in the parameter regimes relevant for astrophysical plasmas. New results on global energy conservation in gyrokinetics are also derived. We briefly outline several of the problems to be addressed by future nonlinear simulations, including particle heating by turbulence in hot accretion flows and in the solar wind, the magnetic and electric field power spectra in the solar wind, and the origin of small-scale density fluctuations in the interstellar medium.
Non-linear modulation of short wavelength compressional Alfven eigenmodes
Fredrickson, E. D.; Gorelenkov, N. N.; Podesta, M.; Gerhardt, S. P.; Bell, R. E.; Diallo, A.; LeBlanc, B. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Bortolon, A. [University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Crocker, N. A. [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Levinton, F. M.; Yuh, H. [Nova Photonics, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)
2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Most Alfvenic activity in the frequency range between toroidal Alfven eigenmodes and roughly one half of the ion cyclotron frequency on National Spherical Torus eXperiment [Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)], that is, approximately 0.3 MHz up to Almost-Equal-To 1.2 MHz, are modes propagating counter to the neutral beam ions. These have been modeled as Compressional and Global Alfven Eigenmodes (CAE and GAE) and are excited through a Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonance with the beam ions. There is also a class of co-propagating modes at higher frequency than the counter-propagating CAE and GAE. These modes have been identified as CAE, and are seen mostly in the company of a low frequency, n = 1 kink-like mode. In this paper, we present measurements of the spectrum of these high frequency CAE (hfCAE) and their mode structure. We compare those measurements to a simple model of CAE and present a predator-prey type model of the curious non-linear coupling of the hfCAE and the low frequency kink-like mode.
Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.
Design of Stabilizing Switching Control Laws for Discrete and Continuous-Time Linear Systems Using Piecewise-Linear Lyapunov Functions Xenofon D. Koutsoukos Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road-219-631-5792 Fax +1-219-631-4393 antsaklis.1@nd.edu Abstract In this paper, the stability of switched linear
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Evaluation of convex roof entanglement measures
Geza Toth; Tobias Moroder; Otfried Gühne
2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a powerful method to compute entanglement measures based on convex roof constructions. In particular, our method is applicable to measures that, for pure states, can be written as low order polynomials of operator expectation values. We show how to compute the linear entropy of entanglement, the linear entanglement of assistance, and a bound on the dimension of the entanglement for bipartite systems. We discuss how to obtain the convex roof of the three-tangle for three-qubit states. We also show how to calculate the linear entropy of entanglement and the quantum Fisher information based on partial information or device independent information. We demonstrate the usefulness of our method by concrete examples
Constructivism, measurement, mathematics Concepts of measurement
Hennig, Christian
Constructivism, measurement, mathematics Concepts of measurement Measurement and statistics Conclusion Measurement as a constructive act - a statistician's view Christian Hennig March 14, 2013 Christian Hennig Measurement as a constructive act - a statistician's view #12;Constructivism, measurement
Krylov space solvers for shifted linear systems
B. Jegerlehner
1996-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the application of Krylov space methods to the solution of shifted linear systems of the form (A+\\sigma) x - b = 0 for several values of \\sigma simultaneously, using only as many matrix-vector operations as the solution of a single system requires. We find a suitable description of the problem, allowing us to understand known algorithms in a common framework and developing shifted methods basing on short recurrence methods, most notably the CG and the BiCGstab solvers. The convergence properties of these shifted solvers are well understood and the derivation of other shifted solvers is easily possible. The application of these methods to quark propagator calculations in quenched QCD using Wilson and Clover fermions is discussed and numerical examples in this framework are presented. With the shifted CG method an optimal algorithm for staggered fermions is available.
MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SHALLOW WATER WAVES: LINEAR ANALYSIS
Heng, Kevin [Institute for Advanced Study, School of Natural Sciences, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Spitkovsky, Anatoly, E-mail: heng@ias.ed, E-mail: anatoly@astro.princeton.ed [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a linear analysis of inviscid, incompressible, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shallow water systems. In spherical geometry, a generic property of such systems is the existence of five wave modes. Three of them (two magneto-Poincare modes and one magneto-Rossby mode) are previously known. The other two wave modes are strongly influenced by the magnetic field and rotation, and have substantially lower angular frequencies; as such, we term them 'magnetostrophic modes'. We obtain analytical functions for the velocity, height, and magnetic field perturbations in the limit that the magnitude of the MHD analogue of Lamb's parameter is large. On a sphere, the magnetostrophic modes reside near the poles, while the other modes are equatorially confined. Magnetostrophic modes may be an ingredient in explaining the frequency drifts observed in Type I X-ray bursts from neutron stars.
Radio frequency focused interdigital linear accelerator
Swenson, Donald A.; Starling, W. Joel
2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
An interdigital (Wideroe) linear accelerator employing drift tubes, and associated support stems that couple to both the longitudinal and support stem electromagnetic fields of the linac, creating rf quadrupole fields along the axis of the linac to provide transverse focusing for the particle beam. Each drift tube comprises two separate electrodes operating at different electrical potentials as determined by cavity rf fields. Each electrode supports two fingers, pointing towards the opposite end of the drift tube, forming a four-finger geometry that produces an rf quadrupole field distribution along its axis. The fundamental periodicity of the structure is equal to one half of the particle wavelength .beta..lamda., where .beta. is the particle velocity in units of the velocity of light and .lamda. is the free space wavelength of the rf. Particles are accelerated in the gaps between drift tubes. The particle beam is focused in regions inside the drift tubes.
Linear nozzle with tailored gas plumes
Leon, David D. (Murrysville, PA); Kozarek, Robert L. (Apollo, PA); Mansour, Adel (Mentor, OH); Chigier, Norman (Pittsburgh, PA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is claimed a method for depositing fluid material from a linear nozzle in a substantially uniform manner across and along a surface. The method includes directing gaseous medium through said nozzle to provide a gaseous stream at the nozzle exit that entrains fluid material supplied to the nozzle, said gaseous stream being provided with a velocity profile across the nozzle width that compensates for the gaseous medium's tendency to assume an axisymmetric configuration after leaving the nozzle and before reaching the surface. There is also claimed a nozzle divided into respective side-by-side zones, or preferably chambers, through which a gaseous stream can be delivered in various velocity profiles across the width of said nozzle to compensate for the tendency of this gaseous medium to assume an axisymmetric configuration.
Linear nozzle with tailored gas plumes
Kozarek, Robert L. (Apollo, PA); Straub, William D. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fischer, Joern E. (Bremen, DE); Leon, David D. (Murrysville, PA)
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is claimed a method for depositing fluid material from a linear nozzle in a substantially uniform manner across and along a surface. The method includes directing gaseous medium through said nozzle to provide a gaseous stream at the nozzle exit that entrains fluid material supplied to the nozzle, said gaseous stream being provided with a velocity profile across the nozzle width that compensates for the gaseous medium's tendency to assume an axisymmetric configuration after leaving the nozzle and before reaching the surface. There is also claimed a nozzle divided into respective side-by-side zones, or preferably chambers, through which a gaseous stream can be delivered in various velocity profiles across the width of said nozzle to compensate for the tendency of this gaseous medium to assume an axisymmetric configuration.
Linear harmonic analysis of Stirling engine thermodynamics
Chen, N.C.J.; Griffin, F.P.; West, C.D.
1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The analysis involves linearization of the pressure waveform and represents each term in the conservation equations by a truncated Fourier series, including enthalpy flux discontinuity. Second-Law analysis is presented of four important loss mechanisms that result from adiabatic cylinders, transient heat transfer in semiadiabatic cylinders, pressure drop through the heat exchangers, and gas leakage from the compression space. The four loss mechanisms, all leading to efficiency reduction below the Carnot level, are characterized by irreversible thermodynamic processes that occur when heat is transferred across a finite temperature difference; when gases at two different temperatures are mixed; or when there is a mass flow through a pressure difference. The allocation of each individual loss mechanism is derived precisely in terms of entropy production but evaluated by use of pressure, temperature, and mass oscillations calculated from the linear harmonic approximation. When the theory is applied to an engine of Sunpower's RE-1000 dimensions, it reveals clearly that the adiabatic loss (due to temperature fluctuations in the cylinders) consists of two components: gas mixing and heat transfer across a temperature difference. The theory further shows that the adiabatic effect is more important than the transient heat transfer loss if the gas-to-cylinder heat transfer rate is small (i.e., nearly adiabatic conditions); the reverse is true for intermediate heat transfer rates; and both losses vanish at very high heat transfer rates. In addition, entropy analyses of pressure drop and mass leakage for isothermal cylinders shed some light on coupling between the different individual loss mechanisms.
International linear collider reference design report
Aarons, G.
2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
The International Linear Collider will give physicists a new cosmic doorway to explore energy regimes beyond the reach of today's accelerators. A proposed electron-positron collider, the ILC will complement the Large Hadron Collider, a proton-proton collider at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, together unlocking some of the deepest mysteries in the universe. With LHC discoveries pointing the way, the ILC -- a true precision machine -- will provide the missing pieces of the puzzle. Consisting of two linear accelerators that face each other, the ILC will hurl some 10 billion electrons and their anti-particles, positrons, toward each other at nearly the speed of light. Superconducting accelerator cavities operating at temperatures near absolute zero give the particles more and more energy until they smash in a blazing crossfire at the centre of the machine. Stretching approximately 35 kilometres in length, the beams collide 14,000 times every second at extremely high energies -- 500 billion-electron-volts (GeV). Each spectacular collision creates an array of new particles that could answer some of the most fundamental questions of all time. The current baseline design allows for an upgrade to a 50-kilometre, 1 trillion-electron-volt (TeV) machine during the second stage of the project. This reference design provides the first detailed technical snapshot of the proposed future electron-positron collider, defining in detail the technical parameters and components that make up each section of the 31-kilometer long accelerator. The report will guide the development of the worldwide R&D program, motivate international industrial studies and serve as the basis for the final engineering design needed to make an official project proposal later this decade.
Palle E. T. Jorgensen
2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
While finite non-commutative operator systems lie at the foundation of quantum measurement, they are also tools for understanding geometric iterations as used in the theory of iterated function systems (IFSs) and in wavelet analysis. Key is a certain splitting of the total Hilbert space and its recursive iterations to further iterated subdivisions. This paper explores some implications for associated probability measures (in the classical sense of measure theory), specifically their fractal components. We identify a fractal scale $s$ in a family of Borel probability measures $\\mu$ on the unit interval which arises independently in quantum information theory and in wavelet analysis. The scales $s$ we find satisfy $s\\in \\mathbb{R}_{+}$ and $s\
Brau, James E [Univ. of Oregon] [Univ. of Oregon
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S Linear Collider Detector R&D program, supported by the DOE and NSF umbrella grants to the University of Oregon, made significant advances on many critical aspects of the ILC detector program. Progress advanced on vertex detector sensor development, silicon and TPC tracking, calorimetry on candidate technologies, and muon detection, as well as on beamline measurements of luminosity, energy, and polarization.
Proceedings of the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) Workshop
Dunn, M.E.
2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) organized a workshop at ORNL July 14-15, 2005, to highlight the unique measurement capabilities of the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) facility and to emphasize the important role of ORELA for performing differential cross-section measurements in the low-energy resonance region that is important for nuclear applications such as nuclear criticality safety, nuclear reactor and fuel cycle analysis, stockpile stewardship, weapons research, medical diagnosis, and nuclear astrophysics. The ORELA workshop (hereafter referred to as the Workshop) provided the opportunity to exchange ideas and information pertaining to nuclear cross-section measurements and their importance for nuclear applications from a variety of perspectives throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Approximately 50 people, representing DOE, universities, and seven U.S. national laboratories, attended the Workshop. The objective of the Workshop was to emphasize the technical community endorsement for ORELA in meeting nuclear data challenges in the years to come. The Workshop further emphasized the need for a better understanding of the gaps in basic differential nuclear measurements and identified the efforts needed to return ORELA to a reliable functional measurement facility. To accomplish the Workshop objective, nuclear data experts from national laboratories and universities were invited to provide talks emphasizing the unique and vital role of the ORELA facility for addressing nuclear data needs. ORELA is operated on a full cost-recovery basis with no single sponsor providing complete base funding for the facility. Consequently, different programmatic sponsors benefit by receiving accurate cross-section data measurements at a reduced cost to their respective programs; however, leveraging support for a complex facility such as ORELA has a distinct disadvantage in that the programmatic funds are only used to support program-specific measurements. As a result, ORELA has not received base funding to support major upgrades and significant maintenance operations that are essential to keep the facility in a state of readiness over the long term. As a result, ORELA has operated on a ''sub-bare-minimum'' budget for the past 10 to 15 years, and the facility has not been maintained at a level for continued reliable operation for the long term. During the Workshop, Jerry McKamy (NNSA/NA-117) used a hospital patient metaphor that accurately depicts the facility status. ORELA is currently in the intensive care unit (ICU) on life support, and refurbishment efforts are needed to get the ''patient'' off life support and out to an ordinary hospital room. McKamy further noted that the DOE NCSP is planning to fund immediate refurbishment tasks ($1.5 M over three years) to help reestablish reliable ORELA operation (i.e., move ORELA from ICU to an ordinary hospital room). Furthermore, the NCSP will work to identify and carry out the actions needed to discharge ORELA from the ''hospital'' over the next five to seven years. In accordance with the Workshop objectives, the technical community publicly endorsed the need for a reliable ORELA facility that can meet current and future nuclear data needs. These Workshop proceedings provide the formal documentation of the technical community endorsement for ORELA. Furthermore, the proceedings highlight the past and current contributions that ORELA has made to the nuclear industry. The Workshop further emphasized the operational and funding problems that currently plague the facility, thereby limiting ORELA's operational reliability. Despite the recent operational problems, ORELA is a uniquely capable measurement facility that must be part of the overall U.S. nuclear data measurement portfolio in order to support current and emerging nuclear applications. The Workshop proceedings further emphasize that ORNL, the technical community, and programmatic sponsors are eager to see ORELA reestablish reliable measurement operation and be readily available to address nuclear data challe
Dong, Feng Dan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stability and control of differential linear repetitiveLinear matrix inequalities in systems and control theory .and M. Phan. Linear quadratic optimal control (lql). Int.
Methods for Estimation and Control of Linear Systems Driven by Cauchy Noises
Fernandez, Javier Huerta
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
prediction optimal control for a scalar linear system withPrediction Optimal Control for a Scalar Linear System withsystems in modern stochastic optimal control, algorithms like the linear
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Chan, T.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and H. Board, 1980. "Rock Properties and Their Effect oncalculation, and from the rock properties measured undersame point. With the linear rock properties assumed in these
Has Hawking radiation been measured?
W. G. Unruh
2014-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
It is argued that Hawking radiation has indeed been measured and shown to posses a thermal spectrum, as predicted. This contention is based on three separate legs. The first is that the essential physics of the Hawking process for black holes can be modelled in other physical systems. The second is the white hole horizons are the time inverse of black hole horizons, and thus the physics of both is the same. The third is that the quantum emission, which is the Hawking process, is completely determined by measurements of the classical parameters of a linear physical system. The experiment conducted in 2010 fulfills all of these requirements, and is thus a true measurement of Hawking radiation.
Governance of the International Linear Collider Project
Foster, B.; /Oxford U.; Barish, B.; /Caltech; Delahaye, J.P.; /CERN; Dosselli, U.; /INFN, Padua; Elsen, E.; /DESY; Harrison, M.; /Brookhaven; Mnich, J.; /DESY; Paterson, J.M.; /SLAC; Richard, F.; /Orsay, LAL; Stapnes, S.; /CERN; Suzuki, A.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Wormser, G.; /Orsay, LAL; Yamada, S.; /KEK, Tsukuba
2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
Governance models for the International Linear Collider Project are examined in the light of experience from similar international projects around the world. Recommendations for one path which could be followed to realize the ILC successfully are outlined. The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a unique endeavour in particle physics; fully international from the outset, it has no 'host laboratory' to provide infrastructure and support. The realization of this project therefore presents unique challenges, in scientific, technical and political arenas. This document outlines the main questions that need to be answered if the ILC is to become a reality. It describes the methodology used to harness the wisdom displayed and lessons learned from current and previous large international projects. From this basis, it suggests both general principles and outlines a specific model to realize the ILC. It recognizes that there is no unique model for such a laboratory and that there are often several solutions to a particular problem. Nevertheless it proposes concrete solutions that the authors believe are currently the best choices in order to stimulate discussion and catalyze proposals as to how to bring the ILC project to fruition. The ILC Laboratory would be set up by international treaty and be governed by a strong Council to whom a Director General and an associated Directorate would report. Council would empower the Director General to give strong management to the project. It would take its decisions in a timely manner, giving appropriate weight to the financial contributions of the member states. The ILC Laboratory would be set up for a fixed term, capable of extension by agreement of all the partners. The construction of the machine would be based on a Work Breakdown Structure and value engineering and would have a common cash fund sufficiently large to allow the management flexibility to optimize the project's construction. Appropriate contingency, clearly apportioned at both a national and global level, is essential if the project is to be realised. Finally, models for running costs and decommissioning at the conclusion of the ILC project are proposed. This document represents an interim report of the bodies and individuals studying these questions inside the structure set up and supervised by the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). It represents a request for comment to the international community in all relevant disciplines, scientific, technical and most importantly, political. Many areas require further study and some, in particular the site selection process, have not yet progressed sufficiently to be addressed in detail in this document. Discussion raised by this document will be vital in framing the final proposals due to be published in 2012 in the Technical Design Report being prepared by the Global Design Effort of the ILC.
Non-linear system identification in flow-induced vibration
Spanos, P.D.; Zeldin, B.A. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Lu, R. [Hudson Engineering Corp., Houston, TX (United States)
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The paper introduces a method of identification of non-linear systems encountered in marine engineering applications. The non-linearity is accounted for by a combination of linear subsystems and known zero-memory non-linear transformations; an equivalent linear multi-input-single-output (MISO) system is developed for the identification problem. The unknown transfer functions of the MISO system are identified by assembling a system of linear equations in the frequency domain. This system is solved by performing the Cholesky decomposition of a related matrix. It is shown that the proposed identification method can be interpreted as a {open_quotes}Gram-Schmidt{close_quotes} type of orthogonal decomposition of the input-output quantities of the equivalent MISO system. A numerical example involving the identification of unknown parameters of flow (ocean wave) induced forces on offshore structures elucidates the applicability of the proposed method.
Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver
Kirpich, Aaron S. (Broomall, PA)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.
Positivity of linear maps under tensor powers
Alexander Müller-Hermes; David Reeb; Michael M. Wolf
2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate linear maps between matrix algebras that remain positive under tensor powers, i.e., under tensoring with $n$ copies of themselves. Completely positive and completely co-positive maps are trivial examples of this kind. We show that for every $n\\in\\mathbb{N}$ there exist non-trivial maps with this property and that for two-dimensional Hilbert spaces there is no non-trivial map for which this holds for all $n$. For higher dimensions we reduce the existence question of such non-trivial "tensor-stable positive maps" to a one-parameter family of maps and show that an affirmative answer would imply the existence of NPPT bound entanglement. As an application we show that any tensor-stable positive map that is not completely positive yields an upper bound on the quantum channel capacity, which for the transposition map gives the well-known cb-norm bound. We furthermore show that the latter is an upper bound even for the LOCC-assisted quantum capacity, and that moreover it is a strong converse rate for this task.
Linear diffusion into a Faraday cage.
Warne, Larry Kevin; Lin, Yau Tang; Merewether, Kimball O.; Chen, Kenneth C.
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Linear lightning diffusion into a Faraday cage is studied. An early-time integral valid for large ratios of enclosure size to enclosure thickness and small relative permeability ({mu}/{mu}{sub 0} {le} 10) is used for this study. Existing solutions for nearby lightning impulse responses of electrically thick-wall enclosures are refined and extended to calculate the nearby lightning magnetic field (H) and time-derivative magnetic field (HDOT) inside enclosures of varying thickness caused by a decaying exponential excitation. For a direct strike scenario, the early-time integral for a worst-case line source outside the enclosure caused by an impulse is simplified and numerically integrated to give the interior H and HDOT at the location closest to the source as well as a function of distance from the source. H and HDOT enclosure response functions for decaying exponentials are considered for an enclosure wall of any thickness. Simple formulas are derived to provide a description of enclosure interior H and HDOT as well. Direct strike voltage and current bounds for a single-turn optimally-coupled loop for all three waveforms are also given.
Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver
Kirpich, A.S.
1983-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.
Aguilar-Arevalo, A A; Bazarko, A O; Brice, S J; Brown, B C; Bugel, L; Cao, J; Coney, L; Conrad, J M; Cox, D C; Curioni, A; Djurcic, Z; Finley, D A; Fleming, B T; Ford, R; Garcia, F G; Garvey, G T; Gonzales, J; Grange, J; Green, C; Green, J A; Hart, T L; Hawker, E; Imlay, R; Johnson, R A; Karagiorgi, G; Kasper, P; Katori, T; Kobilarcik, T; Kourbanis, I; Koutsoliotas, S; Laird, E M; Linden, S K; Link, J M; Liu, Y; Louis, W C; Mahn, K B M; Marsh, W; Mauger, C; McGary, V T; McGregor, G; Metcalf, W; Meyers, P D; Mills, F; Mills, G B; Monroe, J; Moore, C D; Mousseau, J; Nelson, R H; Nienaber, P; Nowak, J A; Osmanov, B; Ouedraogo, S; Patterson, R B; Pavlovic, Z; Perevalov, D; Polly, C C; Prebys, E; Raaf, J L; Ray, H; Roe, B P; Russell, A D; Sandberg, V; Schirato, R; Schmitz, D; Shaevitz, M H; Shoemaker, F C; Smith, D; Soderberg, M; Sorel, M; Spentzouris, P; Spitz, J; Stancu, I; Stefanski, R J; Sung, M; Tanaka, H A; Tayloe, R; Tzanov, M; Van de Water, R G; Wascko, M O; White, D H; Wilking, M J; Yang, H J; Zeller, G P; Zimmerman, E D
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
MiniBooNE reports the first absolute cross sections for neutral current single \\pi^0 production on CH_2 induced by neutrino and antineutrino interactions measured from the largest sets of NC \\pi^0 events collected to date. The principal result consists of differential cross sections measured as functions of \\pi^0 momentum and \\pi^0 angle averaged over the neutrino flux at MiniBooNE. We find total cross sections of (4.76+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.40_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =808 MeV and (1.48+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.14_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =664 MeV for \
on an efficient implementation of the face algorithm for linear ...
Ping-Qi Pan
2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 27, 2015 ... ``ON AN EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FACE ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR PROGRAMMING''. Ping-Qi Pan(panpq ***at*** seu.edu.cn).
Generating All Efficient Extreme Points in Multiple Objective Linear ...
2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
for generating all efficient extreme points and all efficient extreme rays of a multiple objective linear programming problem (V P). As an application we solve the ...
Optimization Online - Efficient First-Order Methods for Linear ...
James Renegar
2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 27, 2014 ... Efficient First-Order Methods for Linear Programming and Semidefinite Programming. James Renegar (renegar ***at*** cornell.edu). Abstract: ...
Tools for primal degenerate linear programs: IPS, DCA, and PE
Jean-Bertrand Gauthier
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 8, 2014 ... Tools for primal degenerate linear programs: IPS, DCA, and PE. Jean-Bertrand Gauthier(jean-bertrand.gauthier ***at*** hec.ca) Jacques ...
On treating single-objective fuzzy integer linear fractional programs
User
2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
On Solving Single-objective Fuzzy Integer Linear Fractional Programs. Omar M. Saad*; Azza H. Amer and Eman F. Abdellah. Department of Mathematics ...
Classical Simplex Methods for Linear Programming and Their ...
This paper presents a new primal dual simplex method and investigates the ... The classical simplex algorithm is the most popularly used for linear programming ...
Optimization Online - Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques ...
Michael Wagner
2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 12, 2002 ... Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques for the Design of Protein Folding Potentials. Michael Wagner (mwagner ***at*** odu.edu)
Chance–Constrained Linear Matrix Inequalities with Dependent ...
2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 27, 2011 ... Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, The ..... as systems of linear matrix inequalities. .... Observe that the quality.
Calmness of linear programs under perturbations of all data ...
2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
the nominal data, and not data in a neighborhood) for computing or estimating the calmness modulus of the optimal set (argmin) mapping in linear optimization
The Klynac: An Integrated Klystron and Linear Accelerator
Potter, J. M., Schwellenbach, D., Meidinger, A.
2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Klynac concept integrates an electron gun, a radio frequency (RF) power source, and a coupled-cavity linear accelerator into a single resonant system
Outcome-Space Outer Approximation Algorithm for Linear ...
2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 20, 2007 ... This paper presents an outcome-space outer approximation algo- rithm for globally solving the linear multiplicative programming prob- lem.
Optimization Online - Global Optimization of Non-Linear Systems of ...
Nicholas Harkiolakis
2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 20, 2008 ... Global Optimization of Non-Linear Systems of Equations by Simulating the ... 10th WSEAS International Conference on Mathematical Methods, ...
Alternating local search based VNS for linear classification
2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the linear classification method consisting of separating two sets of points in d-space ..... code called. CPLEX 9 by way of the CPLEXINT library [4].
PuLP: A Linear Programming Toolkit for Python
2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 5, 2011 ... Many mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) solvers are .... tions, to place facilities and assigns the production of n products to these ...
A several new mixed integer linear programming formulations for ...
2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
May 31, 2014 ... linear programming formulations for exploration of information flow within ... potential locations are established, and each user is assigned to ...
A new mixed integer linear programming formulation for one ...
2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
new mixed integer linear programming formulations for first and second prob- ... the best formulation was based on WF closest assignment constraints proposed.
INITIAL -COMPACTNESS IN LINEARLY ORDERED SPACES PAOLO LIPPARINI
Lipparini, Paolo
equipped with a linear order and with a base of order-convex sets. See, e. g., Bennet and Lutzer [BL
Optimization Online - On mutual impact of numerical linear algebra ...
Marco D'Apuzzo
2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 12, 2008 ... On mutual impact of numerical linear algebra and large-scale optimization with focus on interior point methods.
automata linear rules: Topics by E-print Network
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the same Sontag, Eduardo 25 CHARACTERIZATION OF NON-LINEAR CELLULAR AUTOMATA MODEL FOR PATTERN RECOGNITION Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...
The cone condition and nonsmoothness in linear generalized Nash ...
2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 13, 2015 ... ?Institute of Operations Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), ... In the present paper we shall assume linearity of the cost functions ...
Linear electric field time-of-flight ion mass spectrometer
Funsten, Herbert O. (Los Alamos, NM); Feldman, William C. (Los Alamos, NM)
2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
A linear electric field ion mass spectrometer having an evacuated enclosure with means for generating a linear electric field located in the evacuated enclosure and means for injecting a sample material into the linear electric field. A source of pulsed ionizing radiation injects ionizing radiation into the linear electric field to ionize atoms or molecules of the sample material, and timing means determine the time elapsed between ionization of atoms or molecules and arrival of an ion out of the ionized atoms or molecules at a predetermined position.
New Semidefinite Programming Relaxations for the Linear Ordering ...
2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Her model is based on the observation that linear orderings can be fully described by a series of cuts. .... [48] and input-output analysis [39]), sociology (
THE CENTRAL CURVE IN LINEAR PROGRAMMING 1. Introduction ...
2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
Section 2 offers an analysis of central curves in the plane, with emphasis on the dual ...... path is generated by the circuit polynomials (21) and the d linear ...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM DatagovMeasurementsVisibility ARMProject
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM DatagovMeasurementsVisibility
CS 521: LINEAR PROGRAMMING Fall 2009, 3 Credits INSTRUCTOR: Bahman Kalantari (kalantar (Elements of Linear Algebra, Calculus and Multivariable Calculus). GRADING: Homework assignments (written OUTLINE: Linear inequalities and the feasibility problem. The linear programming prob- lem (LP). Related
Linearization of dose-response curve of the radiochromic film dosimetry system
Devic, Slobodan; Tomic, Nada; Aldelaijan, Saad; DeBlois, Francois; Seuntjens, Jan; Chan, Maria F.; Lewis, Dave [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Executive Administration for Radiation Protection and Safety Medical Devices Sector, Saudi Food and Drug Authority, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 13312 (Saudi Arabia); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920 (United States); Ashland Inc., Wayne, New Jersey 07470 (United States)
2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Despite numerous advantages of radiochromic film dosimeter (high spatial resolution, near tissue equivalence, low energy dependence) to measure a relative dose distribution with film, one needs to first measure an absolute dose (following previously established reference dosimetry protocol) and then convert measured absolute dose values into relative doses. In this work, we present result of our efforts to obtain a functional form that would linearize the inherently nonlinear dose-response curve of the radiochromic film dosimetry system. Methods: Functional form [{zeta}= (-1){center_dot}netOD{sup (2/3)}/ln(netOD)] was derived from calibration curves of various previously established radiochromic film dosimetry systems. In order to test the invariance of the proposed functional form with respect to the film model used we tested it with three different GAFCHROMIC Trade-Mark-Sign film models (EBT, EBT2, and EBT3) irradiated to various doses and scanned on a same scanner. For one of the film models (EBT2), we tested the invariance of the functional form to the scanner model used by scanning irradiated film pieces with three different flatbed scanner models (Epson V700, 1680, and 10000XL). To test our hypothesis that the proposed functional argument linearizes the response of the radiochromic film dosimetry system, verification tests have been performed in clinical applications: percent depth dose measurements, IMRT quality assurance (QA), and brachytherapy QA. Results: Obtained R{sup 2} values indicate that the choice of the functional form of the new argument appropriately linearizes the dose response of the radiochromic film dosimetry system we used. The linear behavior was insensitive to both film model and flatbed scanner model used. Measured PDD values using the green channel response of the GAFCHROMIC Trade-Mark-Sign EBT3 film model are well within {+-}2% window of the local relative dose value when compared to the tabulated Cobalt-60 data. It was also found that criteria of 3%/3 mm for an IMRT QA plan and 3%/2 mm for a brachytherapy QA plan are passing 95% gamma function points. Conclusions: In this paper, we demonstrate the use of functional argument to linearize the inherently nonlinear response of a radiochromic film based reference dosimetry system. In this way, relative dosimetry can be conveniently performed using radiochromic film dosimetry system without the need of establishing calibration curve.
Linear inductive voltage adders (IVA) for advanced hydrodynamic radiography
Mazarakis, M.G.; Boyes, J.D.; Johnson, D.L. [and others
1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The electron beam which drifts through the multiple cavities of conventional induction linacs (LIA) is replaced in an IVA by a cylindrical metal conductor which extends along the entire length of the device and effectuates the addition of the accelerator cavity voltages. In the approach to radiography, the linear inductive voltage adder drives a magnetically immersed electron diode with a millimeter diameter cathode electrode and a planar anode/bremsstrahlung converter. Both anode and cathode electrodes are immersed in a strong (15--50 T) solenoidal magnetic field. The electron beam cross section is approximately of the same size as the cathode needle and generates a similar size, very intense x-ray beam when it strikes the anode converter. An IVA driven diode can produce electron beams of equal size and energy as a LIA but with much higher currents (40--50 kA versus 4--5 kA), simpler hardware and thus lower cost. The authors present here first experimental validations of the technology utilizing HERMES 3 and SABRE IVA accelerators. The electron beam voltage and current were respectively of the order of 10 MV and 40 kA. X-ray doses of up to 1 kR {at} 1 m and spot sizes as small as 1.7 mm (at 200 R doses) were measured.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
LINEAR COLLIDER TEST FACILITY: TWISS PARAMETER ANALYSIS AT THE IP/POST-IP LOCATION OF THE ATF2 BEAM through to the IP, the Twiss parameters need to be measured at the IP or PIP. Up to now, these parameters to extract the Twiss parameters and the emittance thanks to the three coefficients of the fit
Miller, Damon A.
. To experimentally measure and use an equivalent circuit representation for circuit analysis. 8. To improve circuit of Figure 1 to represent the small signal operation (i.e. in the LINEAR region) of the amplifier© 2012 Damon A. Miller Page 1 of 4 4: Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits
Boardman, J. Michael
JMB File: linde, Revision A; 30 Aug 2001; Page 1 #12;2 First Order Linear: linde, Revision A; 30 Aug 2001; Page 2
High-gradient compact linear accelerator
Carder, B.M.
1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
A high-gradient linear accelerator comprises a solid-state stack in a vacuum of five sets of disc-shaped Blumlein modules each having a center hole through which particles are sequentially accelerated. Each Blumlein module is a sandwich of two outer conductive plates that bracket an inner conductive plate positioned between two dielectric plates with different thicknesses and dielectric constants. A third dielectric core in the shape of a hollow cylinder forms a casing down the series of center holes, and it has a dielectric constant different that the two dielectric plates that sandwich the inner conductive plate. In operation, all the inner conductive plates are charged to the same DC potential relative to the outer conductive plates. Next, all the inner conductive plates are simultaneously shorted to the outer conductive plates at the outer diameters. The signal short will propagate to the inner diameters at two different rates in each Blumlein module. A faster wave propagates quicker to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the closer spacing and lower dielectric constant. When the faster wave reaches the inner extents of the outer and inner conductive plates, it reflects back outward and reverses the field in that segment of the dielectric core. All the field segments in the dielectric core are then in unipolar agreement until the slower wave finally propagates to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the wider spacing and higher dielectric constant. During such unipolar agreement, particles in the core are accelerated with gradients that exceed twenty megavolts per meter. 10 figs.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- PolarizationgovCampaignsSummergovField CampaignsMidlatitudegovMeasurementsSurface
Measurements of the effect of a magnetic field on the transport of linear momentum in nitrogen
Larchez, Mark Edward
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
torgue in the same direction. A torque in the direction opposite to this is produced by methane, et'nane, propane, butane, isobutane, 7 hydrogen, nydrogen deuteride, and ceuterium, No torque is shown by helium, argon, xenon, water vapor, carbon...
Al-Refai, Aimen Hamid
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
no scapular motion) Shoulder Abduction Full Range. Shoulderno scapular motion) Shoulder Abduction Full Range. Shoulderno scapular motion) Shoulder Abduction Full Range. Shoulder
arXiv:hepex/0406026 Measurement of Coherent Emission and Linear Polarization of Photons by Electrons
8 Schonland Research Centre - University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 9 ESRF, Cape Town, South Africa widely applied technique for producing intense photon beams with a high degree, Aarhus, Denmark (Dated: June 24, 2004) We present new results regarding the features of high energy
Al-Refai, Aimen Hamid
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2) % figure(11) % idx4 = kmeans(RESULTS_syn_ideal,2,'figure(12) % idx5 = kmeans(RESULTS_syn_ideal,2, 'dist','idx5,cent4,sumdist] = kmeans(RESULTS_syn_ideal,2,'dist','
Anderson, Mary Elizabeth
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
nor implemented in current hydrodynamic models. A series of laboratory experiments were conducted at the Haynes Coastal Engineering Laboratory and in a two-dimensional flume at Texas A and M University to investigate the influence of relative...
Al-Refai, Aimen Hamid
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
7):447–454, 1993. [30] Matt Simkins. Upper limb joint spacealtruistic participation, Matt Simkins for his synergisticare further evaluated in Simkins’ paper [30]. In this case
Estimation of the linear-plateau segmented regression model in the presence of measurement error
Grimshaw, Scott D.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
/c?) 4(~/o ) I (2-6) where 4(') is the standard normal density. Hence, letting = /m(YW)/o?, (2. 5) can be written as V [1 f fx(t) (( ) dz dt + f? j fx(t) 4( ) dz dt] m As the number of repeated observations is increased, 1im P [misclassif ication...] = / [lim C'(v )] f (t) dt + P [lim m(-v ) ] f (t) dt m x m x m~ by Lease B. l, = 0, since lim @(v ) = @(- ) for t & Y , m lim @(-v ) = @(~) for t & Y m Therefore, in the limit, the probability of misclassification is zero. When the join point, Y...
Validity of the linear coupling approximation in heavy-ion fusion reactions at sub barrier energies
K. Hagino; N. Takigawa; M. Dasgupta; D. J. Hinde; J. R. Leigh
1996-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
The role of higher order coupling of surface vibrations to the relative motion in heavy-ion fusion reactions at near-barrier energies is investigated. The coupled channels equations are solved to all orders, and also in the linear and the quadratic coupling approximations. Taking $^{64}$Ni + $^{92,96}$Zr reactions as examples, it is shown that all order couplings lead to considerably improved agreement with the experimentally measured fusion cross sections and average angular momenta of the compound nucleus for such heavy nearly symmetric systems. The importance of higher order coupling is also examined for asymmetric systems like $^{16}$O + $^{112}$Cd, $^{144}$Sm, for which previous calculations of the fusion cross section seemed to indicate that the linear coupling approximation was adequate. It is shown that the shape of the barrier distributions and the energy dependence of the average angular momentum can change significantly when the higher order couplings are included, even for systems where measured fusion cross sections may seem to be well reproduced by the linear coupling approximation.
BLIND RECOGNITION OF LINEAR SPACE TIME BLOCK CODES Vincent Choqueuse
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
BLIND RECOGNITION OF LINEAR SPACE TIME BLOCK CODES Vincent Choqueuse E3 I2 , EA 3876, ENSIETA 2 6165, UBO 6, avenue le Gorgeu, 29200 Brest Cedex 3 FRANCE ABSTRACT The blind recognition. In this paper, we investigate the problem of the blind recognition of Linear Space-Time Block Codes (STBC
Adaptive robust motion control of linear motors for precision manufacturing
Yao, Bin
for widespread use in high-speed/high-accuracy positioning systems [13]. In general, the linear motor hasAdaptive robust motion control of linear motors for precision manufacturing Bin Yao *, Li Xu School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Received 6 October 1999; accepted 11
High Performance Dense Linear System Solver with Soft Error Resilience
Dongarra, Jack
High Performance Dense Linear System Solver with Soft Error Resilience Peng Du, Piotr Luszczek systems, and in some scientific applications C/R is not applicable for soft error at all due to error) high performance dense linear system solver with soft error resilience. By adopting a mathematical
Coordinating a Constrained Channel with Linear Wholesale Price Contracts.
Tsitsiklis, John
Coordinating a Constrained Channel with Linear Wholesale Price Contracts. Navid Sabbaghi, Yossi, there is a set of linear wholesale price contracts that coordinates the channel while allowing the supplier-supplier/one-newsvendor channel configuration (with each supplier selling a unique product). We analyze how this set of wholesale
Linearly Exchangable Permits for the Efficient Control of Multiple Pollutants
California at Berkeley. University of
PWP-019 Linearly Exchangable Permits for the Efficient Control of Multiple Pollutants James B;Linear Exchangeable Permits for the Ecient Control of Multiple Pollutants James B. Bushnell University of pollutants. Often a new polluter is required to purchase an "o-set" from an existing polluter prepared
An active interferometer-stabilization scheme with linear phase control
Potma, Eric Olaf
An active interferometer-stabilization scheme with linear phase control Vishnu Vardhan not require modulation of the interfering beams and relies on an error signal which is linearly related scheme enables adjustable phase control with 20 ms switching times in the range from 0.02 radians to 6
Variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator
Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, James M. (Los Alamos, NM); Stovall, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A linear accelerator system includes a plurality of post-coupled drift-tubes wherein each post coupler is bistably positionable to either of two positions which result in different field distributions. With binary control over a plurality of post couplers, a significant accumlative effect in the resulting field distribution is achieved yielding a variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator.
MODELLING OF CAVITY RECEIVER HEAT TRANSFER COMPACT LINEAR FRESNEL REFLECTOR
. This approach allows an affordable entry into renewable energy for existing coal-power producers, and allows them to meet the mandatory renewable energy targets set by the government of New South Wales . (Hu et) linear absorbers, achieving higher ground area efficiency. · Receiver is an inverted, trapezoidal, linear
Recent Progresses on Linear Programming and the Simplex Method
Ye, Yinyu
Recent Progresses on Linear Programming and the Simplex Method Yinyu Ye www.stanford.edu/~yyye K Programming started... #12;May 1, 2013 CMS Montreal ... with the simplex method #12;May 1, 2013 CMS Montreal Outline Â· Counterexamples to the Hirsch conjecture Â· Linear Programming (LP) and the simplex method
Reduced-rank Vector Generalized Linear Models Thomas W. Yee,
Hastie, Trevor
. Keywords: Canonical correspondence analysis; Linear discriminant analysis; Neural networks; Non- parametric the reduced-rank regression idea has been applied to non-Gaussian errors is the MLM. This was proposed such as neural networks, projection pursuit regression, linear discriminant analysis, canonical correspondence
Chapter 5 -Linear Systems Math 267, Ordinary differential equations
-1). #12;Chapter 5 - Linear Systems Spring-mass-spring-mass, Brine tanks I Example 1 Two carts;Chapter 5 - Linear Systems Spring-mass-spring-mass, Brine tanks II computed. Brine (saltwater) goes from 1 at 20 gal/min and brine flows out of tank 2 at 20 gal/min. This can be written as x = - 3 10 x + 1
5-loop Konishi from linearized TBA and the XXX magnet
Janos Balog; Arpad Hegedus
2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
Using the linearized TBA equations recently obtained in [arXiv:1002.1711] we show analytically that the 5-loop anomalous dimension of the Konishi operator agrees with the result obtained previously from the generalized Luscher formulae. The proof is based on the relation between this linear system and the XXX model TBA equations.
THE DIFFUSION APPROXIMATION FOR THE LINEAR BOLTZMANN EQUATION
THE DIFFUSION APPROXIMATION FOR THE LINEAR BOLTZMANN EQUATION WITH VANISHING SCATTERING COEFFICIENT equation, Diffusion approximation, Neutron transport equation, Radiative transfer equation subject, 23], neutron transport theory [27]. A typical model linear Boltzmann equation is (t +· x)f(t,x,)= 1
Lineales: algebras and categories in the semantics of linear logic
de Paiva, Valeria
Lineales: algebras and categories in the semantics of linear logic Valeria de Paiva This paper categorical semantics to algebraic semantics in the form of lineales. 2 Choosing a Semantics Let us assume describes algebraic semantics for (intuitionistic and classical) propositional linear logic, using
Lineales: Algebraic Models of Linear Logic from a Categorical
de Paiva, Valeria
Lineales: Algebraic Models of Linear Logic from a Categorical Perspective Valeria de Paiva with category theory. A secondary aim is to argue for the virtues of Lineales as algebraic structures supporting This paper describes algebraic semantics for (intuitionistic and classical) propositional linear logic, using
Asymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation
Davidson, Tim
) [3]. For a general block transmission scheme, optimal detection requires a joint decisionAsymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation S.S. Chan, T.N. Davidson and K.M. Wong Abstract: An asymptotically minimum bit error rate (BER) linear block precoder
Modular Quantum Memories Using Passive Linear Optics and Coherent Feedback
Modular Quantum Memories Using Passive Linear Optics and Coherent Feedback Hendra I. Nurdin photon pulsed optical field has a conceptually simple modular realization using only passive linear optics and coherent feedback. We exploit the idea that two decaying optical cavities can be coupled
Comparison of open-source linear programming solvers.
Gearhart, Jared Lee; Adair, Kristin Lynn; Durfee, Justin D.; Jones, Katherine A.; Martin, Nathaniel; Detry, Richard Joseph
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
When developing linear programming models, issues such as budget limitations, customer requirements, or licensing may preclude the use of commercial linear programming solvers. In such cases, one option is to use an open-source linear programming solver. A survey of linear programming tools was conducted to identify potential open-source solvers. From this survey, four open-source solvers were tested using a collection of linear programming test problems and the results were compared to IBM ILOG CPLEX Optimizer (CPLEX) [1], an industry standard. The solvers considered were: COIN-OR Linear Programming (CLP) [2], [3], GNU Linear Programming Kit (GLPK) [4], lp_solve [5] and Modular In-core Nonlinear Optimization System (MINOS) [6]. As no open-source solver outperforms CPLEX, this study demonstrates the power of commercial linear programming software. CLP was found to be the top performing open-source solver considered in terms of capability and speed. GLPK also performed well but cannot match the speed of CLP or CPLEX. lp_solve and MINOS were considerably slower and encountered issues when solving several test problems.
Linear-optics manipulations of photon-loss codes
Konrad Banaszek; Wojciech Wasilewski
2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss codes for protecting logical qubits carried by optical fields from the effects of amplitude damping, i.e. linear photon loss. We demonstrate that the correctability condition for one-photon loss imposes limitations on the range of manipulations than can be implemented with passive linear-optics networks.
L p Linear Discrepancy of Totally Unimodular Benjamin Doerr +
Doerr, Benjamin
L p Linear Discrepancy of Totally Unimodular Matrices # Benjamin Doerr + August 28, 2006 Abstract Let p # [1, #[ and c p = max a#[0,1] ((1 - a)a p + a(1 - a) p ) 1/p . We prove that the known upper bound lindisc p (A) # c p for the L p linear discrepancy of a totally unimodular matrix
Output regulation problem for differentiable families of linear systems
PolitÃ¨cnica de Catalunya, Universitat
The output regulation problem arose as one of the main research topics in linear control theory in the 1970s regulation when modeled by a global or a local differentiable family. Partially supported by DGICYT n.PB97Output regulation problem for differentiable families of linear systems Albert Compta and Marta Pe
Lectures on Applied Mathematics Part 1: Linear Algebra
Bowen, Ray M.
2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
LECTURES ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS Part 1: Linear Algebra Ray M. Bowen Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering President Emeritus Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Copyright Ray... M. Bowen Updated January, 2014 ii ____________________________________________________________________________ PREFACE To Part 1 It is common for Departments of Mathematics to offer a junior-senior level course on Linear Algebra...
Special linear groups generated by transvections and embedded projective spaces
Cuypers, Hans
over some skew field L. For any linear map t : W W (acting from the right) and vector w W, we define vector space over L), with kernel CW (t) such that the action of t on W can be described as follows tc : w w + (w)cp for w W. We call Tp, := {tc | c L} the linear transvection subgroup associated
Exercicios resolvidos de Algebra Linear e Geometria Analitica
Albuquerque, Rui
Exerc´icios resolvidos de ´Algebra Linear e Geometria Anal´itica Rui Albuquerque rpa Maio de 2009 -- Primeira vers~ao -- #12;Albuquerque, Exerc´icios de ´Algebra Linear e Geometria Anal´itica 2 Breve explica¸c~ao da origem destes exerc´icios Aqueles que leiam o nosso "Prontu´ario de ´Algebra
Linear Codes, Target Function Classes, and Network Computing Capacity
Franceschetti, Massimo
Linear Codes, Target Function Classes, and Network Computing Capacity Rathinakumar Appuswamy Submitted: May 6, 2011 Abstract We study the use of linear codes for network computing in single in network coding are applicable to network computing as well. Network computing problems arise in various
Solving the Linear Equation in Reservoir Simulation List of authors
Boyer, Edmond
analogous to those techniques, but ensures that material balance is preserved exactly within each planeSolving the Linear Equation in Reservoir Simulation List of authors: Julien Maes 1 Reservoir, so that solving the linear equations arising in Newtons step is more and more challenging. Simulators
IPASS: Error Tolerant NMR Backbone Resonance Assignment by Linear Programming
Waterloo, University of
IPASS: Error Tolerant NMR Backbone Resonance Assignment by Linear Programming Babak Alipanahi1 automatically picked peaks. IPASS is proposed as a novel integer linear programming (ILP) based assignment assignment method. Although a variety of assignment approaches have been developed, none works well on noisy
POLYGRAPHS FOR TERMINATION OF LEFT-LINEAR TERM REWRITING SYSTEMS
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
POLYGRAPHS FOR TERMINATION OF LEFT-LINEAR TERM REWRITING SYSTEMS February 2, 2007 Yves GUIRAUD termination of left-linear term rewriting systems (TRSs) by using Albert Burroni's polygraphs, a kind whose termination is proven with a polygraphic interpretation, then we get back the property on the TRS
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Joel Ouaknine
Ouaknine, Joël
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Jo¨el Ouaknine Department of Computer Science Oxford con- cerns the termination of simple linear loops of the form: x u ; while Bx c do x Ax + a , where initial integer vectors u, such a loop terminates. The correctness of our algorithm relies
Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators
Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.
1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.
On Linear Secret Sharing for Connectivity in Directed Graphs
Beimel, Amos
On Linear Secret Sharing for Connectivity in Directed Graphs Amos Beimel 1 and Anat Paskin 2 1 Dept, Israel. Abstract. In this work we study linear secret sharing schemes for sÂt connectivity in directed.e., edges) can reconstruct the secret if it contains a path from node s to node t. We prove that in every
On Linear Secret Sharing for Connectivity in Directed Graphs
Beimel, Amos
On Linear Secret Sharing for Connectivity in Directed Graphs Amos Beimel1 and Anat Paskin2 1 Dept, Israel. Abstract. In this work we study linear secret sharing schemes for s-t connectivity in directed.e., edges) can reconstruct the secret if it contains a path from node s to node t. We prove that in every
MATH 100 Introduction to the Profession Linear Equations in MATLAB
Fasshauer, Greg
's input-output model in economics, electric circuit problems, the steady-state analysis of a systemMATH 100 Â Introduction to the Profession Linear Equations in MATLAB Greg Fasshauer Department;Chapter 5 of Experiments with MATLAB Where do systems of linear equations come up? fasshauer@iit.edu MATH
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming
Gilbert, David
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming Archana Shankar, David London EC1V 0HB, UK Abstract This paper describes the design of a transient analysis program for linear circuits and its implementation in a Constraint Logic Programming language, CLP(R). The transient analysis
POSITIVE ENERGY QUANTIZATION OF LINEAR DYNAMICS JAN DEREZINSKI
Boyer, Edmond
POSITIVE ENERGY QUANTIZATION OF LINEAR DYNAMICS JAN DEREZI´NSKI DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS, WARSAW UNIVERSITY, HO ZA 74, 00-682 WARSZAWA, POLAND, CHRISTIAN G´ERARD D´EPARTEMENT DE MATH the positive energy quantiza- tion of linear classical systems is described. It is separated into 3 stages
Free Oscillations of a Linear Oscillator Eugene Butikov
Butikov, Eugene
of a Linear Torsion Oscillator The linear oscillator simulated in this computer program is a balanced flywheel whose center of mass lies on the axis of rotation. Such a flywheel may consist, for example, of a rod that passes through its center. A spiral spring with one end fixed and the other attached to the flywheel
A linear theory for control of non-linear stochastic systems
H. J. Kappen
2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
We address the role of noise and the issue of efficient computation in stochastic optimal control problems. We consider a class of non-linear control problems that can be formulated as a path integral and where the noise plays the role of temperature. The path integral displays symmetry breaking and there exist a critical noise value that separates regimes where optimal control yields qualitatively different solutions. The path integral can be computed efficiently by Monte Carlo integration or by Laplace approximation, and can therefore be used to solve high dimensional stochastic control problems.
Measuring storage and loss moduli using optical tweezers: broadband microrheology
Manlio Tassieri; Graham M. Gibson; R. M. L. Evans; Alison M. Yao; Rebecca Warren; Miles J. Padgett; Jonathan M. Cooper
2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
We present an experimental procedure to perform broadband microrheological measurements with optical tweezers. A generalised Langevin equation is adopted to relate the time-dependent trajectory of a particle in an imposed flow to the frequency-dependent moduli of the complex fluid. This procedure allows us to measure the material linear viscoelastic properties across the widest frequency range achievable with optical tweezers.
Peak thrust operation of linear induction machines from parameter identification
Zhang, Z.; Eastham, T.R.; Dawson, G.E. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Various control strategies are being used to achieve high performance operation of linear drives. To maintain minimum volume and weight of the power supply unit on board the transportation vehicle, peak thrust per unit current operation is a desirable objective. True peak thrust per unit current through slip control is difficult to achieve because the parameters of linear induction machines vary during normal operation. This paper first develops a peak thrust per unit current control law based on the per-phase equivalent circuit for linear induction machines. The algorithm for identification of the variable parameters in induction machines is then presented. Application to an operational linear induction machine (LIM) demonstrates the utility of this algorithm. The control strategy is then simulated, based on an operational transit LIM, to show the capability of achieving true peak thrust operation for linear induction machines.
Designing a graph-based approach to landscape ecological assessment of linear infrastructures
Girardet, Xavier, E-mail: xavier.girardet@univ-fcomte.fr; Foltête, Jean-Christophe, E-mail: jean-christophe.foltete@univ-fcomte.fr; Clauzel, Céline, E-mail: celine.clauzel@univ-fcomte.fr
2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
The development of major linear infrastructures contributes to landscape fragmentation and impacts natural habitats and biodiversity in various ways. To anticipate and minimize such impacts, landscape planning needs to be capable of effective strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and of supporting environmental impact assessment (EIA) decisions. To this end, species distribution models (SDMs) are an effective way of making predictive maps of the presence of a given species. In this paper, we propose to combine SDMs and graph-based representation of landscape networks to integrate the potential long-distance effect of infrastructures on species distribution. A diachronic approach, comparing distribution before and after the linear infrastructure is constructed, leads to the design of a species distribution assessment (SDA), taking into account population isolation. The SDA makes it possible (1) to estimate the local variation in probability of presence and (2) to characterize the impact of the infrastructure in terms of global variation in presence and of distance of disturbance. The method is illustrated by assessing the impact of the construction of a high-speed railway line on the distribution of several virtual species in Franche-Comté (France). The study shows the capacity of the SDA to characterize the impact of a linear infrastructure either as a research concern or as a spatial planning challenge. SDAs could be helpful in deciding among several scenarios for linear infrastructure routes or for the location of mitigation measures. -- Highlights: • Graph connectivity metrics were integrated into a species distribution model. • SDM was performed before and after the implementation of linear infrastructure. • The local variation of presence provides spatial indicators of the impact.
Tangential velocity measurement using interferometric MTI radar
Doerry, Armin W.; Mileshosky, Brian P.; Bickel, Douglas L.
2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
Radar systems use time delay measurements between a transmitted signal and its echo to calculate range to a target. Ranges that change with time cause a Doppler offset in phase and frequency of the echo. Consequently, the closing velocity between target and radar can be measured by measuring the Doppler offset of the echo. The closing velocity is also known as radial velocity, or line-of-sight velocity. Doppler frequency is measured in a pulse-Doppler radar as a linear phase shift over a set of radar pulses during some Coherent Processing Interval (CPI). An Interferometric Moving Target Indicator (MTI) radar can be used to measure the tangential velocity component of a moving target. Multiple baselines, along with the conventional radial velocity measurement, allow estimating the true 3-D velocity of a target.
N00N states from a single non-linear directional coupler
Regina Kruse; Linda Sansoni; Sebastian Brauner; Raimund Ricken; Craig S. Hamilton; Igor Jex; Christine Silberhorn
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the quest for applicable quantum information technology miniaturised, compact and scalable sources are of paramount importance. Here, we present the concept for the generation of 2-photon N00N states without further post-processing in a single non-linear optical element. Based upon a periodically poled waveguide coupler, we present the principle of state generation via type-0 parametric down-conversion inside this type of devices. With the eigenmode description of the linear optical element, we utilise the delocalised photon pair generation to generate a N00N state in the measurement basis. We show, that we are able to eliminate the need for narrow-band spectral filtering, as well as for phase-stabilisation of the pump light, making this approach an elegant way to produce 2-photon N00N states.
Dynamics of a linear oscillator connected to a small strongly non-linear hysteretic absorber
Denis Laxalde; Fabrice Thouverez; Jean-Jacques Sinou
2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The present investigation deals with the dynamics of a two-degrees-of-freedom system which consists of a main linear oscillator and a strongly nonlinear absorber with small mass. The nonlinear oscillator has a softening hysteretic characteristic represented by a Bouc-Wen model. The periodic solutions of this system are studied and their calcu- lation is performed through an averaging procedure. The study of nonlinear modes and their stability shows, under specific conditions, the existence of localization which is responsible for a passive irreversible energy transfer from the linear oscillator to the nonlinear one. The dissipative effect of the nonlinearity appears to play an important role in the energy transfer phenomenon and some design criteria can be drawn regarding this parameter among others to optimize this energy transfer. The free transient response is investigated and it is shown that the energy transfer appears when the energy input is sufficient in accordance with the predictions from the nonlinear modes. Finally, the steady-state forced response of the system is investigated. When the input of energy is sufficient, the resonant response (close to nonlinear modes) experiences localization of the vibrations in the nonlinear absorber and jump phenomena.
Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty
NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes
On the optimal feedback control of linear quantum systems in the presence of thermal noise
Marco G. Genoni; Stefano Mancini; Alessio Serafini
2013-04-27T23:59:59.000Z
We study the possibility of taking bosonic systems subject to quadratic Hamiltonians and a noisy thermal environment to non-classical stationary states by feedback loops based on weak measurements and conditioned linear driving. We derive general analytical upper bounds for the single mode squeezing and multimode entanglement at steady state, depending only on the Hamiltonian parameters and on the number of thermal excitations of the bath. Our findings show that, rather surprisingly, larger number of thermal excitations in the bath allow for larger steady-state squeezing and entanglement if the efficiency of the optimal continuous measurements conditioning the feedback loop is high enough. We also consider the performance of feedback strategies based on homodyne detection and show that, at variance with the optimal measurements, it degrades with increasing temperature.
Acoustically determined linear piezoelectric response of lithium niobate up to 1100?V
Patel, N. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States); Branch, D. W.; Cular, S. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Schamiloglu, E. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)
2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method to measure high voltages using the piezoelectric crystal lithium niobate without using voltage dividers. A 36° Y-X cut lithium niobate crystal was coupled to two acoustic transducers, where direct current voltages were applied from 128–1100?V. The time-of-flight through the crystal was determined to be linearly dependent on the applied voltage. A model was developed to predict the time-delay in response to the applied voltage. The results show a sensitivity of 17 fs/V with a measurement error of 1 fs/V was achievable using this method. The sensitivity of this method can be increased by measuring the acoustic wave after multiple passes through the crystal. This method has many advantages over traditional techniques such as: favorable scalability for larger voltages, ease of use, cost effectiveness, and compactness.
On Optimal Feedback Control for Stationary Linear Systems
Russell, David L., E-mail: russell@math.vt.ed [Virginia Tech, Department of Mathematics (United States)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study linear-quadratic optimal control problems for finite dimensional stationary linear systems AX+BU=Z with output Y=CX+DU from the viewpoint of linear feedback solution. We interpret solutions in relation to system robustness with respect to disturbances Z and relate them to nonlinear matrix equations of Riccati type and eigenvalue-eigenvector problems for the corresponding Hamiltonian system. Examples are included along with an indication of extensions to continuous, i.e., infinite dimensional, systems, primarily of elliptic type.
Mossbauer Spectroscopy as a Probe of Magnetization Dynamics in the Linear Iron(I) and Iron States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The iron-57 Mossbauer spectra of the linear, two. Because of the lifetime of the measurement (10-8 to 10-9 s), iron-57 Mossbauer spectros- copy yielded
Moment-linear stochastic systems and their applications
Roy, Sandip, 1978-
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Our work is motivated by the need for tractable stochastic models for complex network and system dynamics. With this motivation in mind, we develop a class of discrete-time Markov models, called moment-linear stochastic ...
A Didactic Approach to Linear Waves in the Ocean
Beron-Vera, F J
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The general equations of motion for ocean dynamics are presented and the waves supported by the (inviscid, unforced) linearized system with respect to a state of rest are derived. The linearized dynamics sustains one zero frequency mode (called buoyancy mode) in which salinity and temperature rearrange in such a way that seawater density does not change. Five nonzero frequency modes (two acoustic modes, two inertia--gravity or Poincar\\'{e} modes, and one planetary or Rossby mode) are also sustained by the linearized dynamics, which satisfy an asymptotic general dispersion relation. The most usual approximations made in physical oceanography (namely incompressibility, Boussinesq, hydrostatic, and quasigeostrophic) are also consider, and their implications in the reduction of degrees of freedom (number of independent dynamical fields or prognostic equations) of, and compatible waves with, the linearized governing equations are particularly discussed and emphasized.
Linear Bellman combination for control of character animation
da Silva, Marco
Controllers are necessary for physically-based synthesis of character animation. However, creating controllers requires either manual tuning or expensive computer optimization. We introduce linear Bellman combination as a ...
Optimization of a dual acting, magnetically driven, linear actuator
Willerton, Justin Ryan
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this study the geometry of a dual acting, magnetically driven, linear motion actuator will be optimized. This will be accomplished by modeling the system through a set of differential equations to be solved in Matlab. ...
Decoding linear codes via optimization and graph-based techniques
Taghavi, Mohammad H.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2.2.1 Linear Codes on1.1.2 Graph-Based Codes 1.2 Dissertation Overview . . .versus the length of the code for (3,6)-regular LDPC codes (
Linear Programming Uses for Recycling and Product Reuse
Nagurney, Anna
Linear Programming Uses for Recycling and Product Reuse Tara Demeyer Management Science I #12;Outline Introduction Construction Waste Recycling Paper Waste Recycling Printer Component Reuse #12;Reverse Logistics Returns/ Damaged Product Recycling of waste materials Reuse of product components #12
Factoring Gaussian Precision Matrices for Linear Dynamic Models
Frankel, Joe; King, Simon
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The linear dynamic model (LDM), also known as the Kalman filter model, has been the subject of research in the engineering, control, and more recently, machine learning and speech technology communities. The Gaussian noise processes are usually...
Coordinate and Subspace Optimization Methods for Linear Least ...
2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
May 8, 2006 ... signal is a linear combination of these atoms, i.e. x = ?z. (1.2) is the .... Assume that within an iterative optimization process of minimizing (1.1),.
Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables
Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).
A Linear Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Performance Model
Qu, M.; Archer, D.; Masson, S.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A performance model has been programmed for solar thermal collector based on a linear, tracking parabolic trough reflector focused on a surface-treated metallic pipe receiver enclosed in an evacuated transparent tube: a Parabolic Trough Solar...
Continuum Electrodynamics of a Piecewise-Homogeneous Linear Medium
Crenshaw, Michael E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The energy--momentum tensor and the tensor continuity equation serve as the conservation laws of energy, linear momentum, and angular momentum for a continuous flow. Previously, we derived equations of motion for macroscopic electromagnetic fields in a homogeneous linear dielectric medium that is draped with a gradient-index antireflection coating (J. Math Phys. 55, 042901 (2014) ). These results are consistent with the electromagnetic tensor continuity equation in the limit that reflections and the accompanying surface forces are negligible thereby satisfying the condition of an unimpeded flow in a thermodynamically closed system. Here, we take the next step and derive equations of motion for the macroscopic fields in the limiting case of a piecewise-homogeneous simple linear dielectric medium. The presence of radiation surface forces on the interface between two different homogeneous linear materials means that the energy--momentum formalism must be modified to treat separate homogeneous media in which the ...
Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming
Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar
Static and Dynamic Locality Optimizations Using Integer Linear Programming Mahmut Kandemir, Member hierarchies is closely related to the performance of the memory subsystem. Compiler optimizations aimed at improving cache locality are critical in realizing the performance potential of powerful processors
PRICING ENERGY DERIVATIVES BY LINEAR PROGRAMMING: TOLLING AGREEMENT CONTRACTS
Uryasev, Stanislav
PRICING ENERGY DERIVATIVES BY LINEAR PROGRAMMING: TOLLING AGREEMENT CONTRACTS Valeriy Ryabchenko for pricing energy derivatives known as tolling agreement contracts. The pricing problem is reduced energy derivatives. The problem of pricing such contracts falls into the class of multiple optimal
Householder Symposium on Numerical Linear Algebra June 1721, 2002
Higham, Nicholas J.
for discussions. This year's symposium is held at Peebles Hotel Hydro in the small town of Peebles (populationHouseholder Symposium on Numerical Linear Algebra June 17Â21, 2002 Peebles Hotel Hydro, Scotland
Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity
Wang, Yanqiu
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
. A detailed analysis of the Arnold-Winther Element is given. The ?nite element discretization of the mixed formulation leads to a symmetric inde?nite linear system. Next, we study e?cient iterative solvers for the symmetric inde...
Cooee bitumen II: Stability of linear asphaltene nanoaggregates
Lemarchand, Claire A; Dyre, Jeppe C; Hansen, Jesper S
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Asphaltene and smaller aromatic molecules tend to form linear nanoaggregates in bitumen.Over the years bitumen undergoes chemical aging and during this process, the size of the nanoaggregate increases. This increase is associated with an increase in viscosity and brittleness of the bitumen, eventually leading to road deterioration. This paper focuses on understanding the mechanisms behind nanoaggregate size and stability. We used molecular dynamics simulations to quantify the probability of having a nanoaggregate of a given size in the stationary regime. To model this complicated behavior, we chose first to consider the simple case where only asphaltene molecules are counted in a nanoaggregate. We used a master equation approach and a related statistical mechanics model. The linear asphaltene nanoaggregates behave as a rigid linear chain. The most complicated case where all aromatic molecules are counted in a nanoaggregate is then discussed. The linear aggregates where all aromatic molecules are counted seem ...
COLLIMATING TOUSCHEK PARTICLES IN AN ENERGY RECOVERY LINEAR ACCELERATOR
Hoffstaetter, Georg
COLLIMATING TOUSCHEK PARTICLES IN AN ENERGY RECOVERY LINEAR ACCELERATOR Michael P. Ehrlichman- tum would usually be inconsequential to the trajectory of the particles through the accelerator to longitudinal momentum significant to the trajec- tory of scattered particles through the accelerator
Symplectic, orthogonal and linear Lie groups in Clifford algebra
D. S. Shirokov
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we prove isomorphisms between 5 Lie groups (of arbitrary dimension and fixed signatures) in Clifford algebra and classical matrix Lie groups - symplectic, orthogonal and linear groups. Also we obtain isomorphisms of corresponding Lie algebras.
Linear Supply Function Equilibrium: Generalizations, Application, and Limitations
California at Berkeley. University of
reforms in England and Wales (E&W). Green (1996) used a linear version of this model and applied in the electricity industry. Recent reforms of the electricity industry around the world have stimulated numerous
Designing AC Power Grids using Integer Linear Programming
2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
view of recent developments in integer linear programming, we revisit a less known .... optimal solution of the DC model was the minimum cost circuit of the network. ... Andersson, G.: Modelling and Analysis of Electric Power Systems (
E-model for Transportation Problem of Linear Stochastic Fractional ...
Dr.V.Charles
2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract: This paper deals with the so-called transportation problem of linear stochastic fractional programming, and ... sophisticated analysis. Stochastic ... circuit board of multi-objective LSFP, algorithm to identify redundant fractional objective ...
Double Generalized Linear Models: Approximate REML and Diagnostics
Smyth, Gordon K.
added com plication in a generalized linear model setting by adjusting the working vector and working the dispersion will be of direct interest in its own right, to identify the sources of variability
Non-linear electrophoresis of ideally polarizable particles
Chan, Wai Hong Ronald
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis investigates the non-linear regime of electrophoresis, in particular the variation of electrophoretic velocity with electric field at high field strengths. Known theoretical approaches to the problem accounting ...
A dosimetric characterization of a novel linear accelerator collimator
Thompson, C. M.; Weston, S. J., E-mail: steve.weston@leedsth.nhs.uk; Cosgrove, V. C. [Leeds Cancer Centre, Bexley Wing, St. James’ University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom)] [Leeds Cancer Centre, Bexley Wing, St. James’ University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom); Thwaites, D. I. [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia and Division of Medical Physics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia and Division of Medical Physics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: The aim of this work is to characterize a new linear accelerator collimator which contains a single pair of sculpted diaphragms mounted orthogonally to a 160 leaf multileaf collimator (MLC). The diaphragms have “thick” regions providing full attenuation and “thin” regions where attenuation is provided by both the leaves and the diaphragm. The leaves are mounted on a dynamic leaf guide allowing rapid leaf motion and leaf travel over 350 mm. Methods: Dosimetric characterization, including assessment of leaf transmission, leaf tip transmission, penumbral width, was performed in a plotting tank. Head scatter factor was measured using a mini-phantom and the effect of leaf guide position on output was assessed using a water phantom. The tongue and groove effect was assessed using multiple exposures on radiochromic film. Leaf reproducibility was assessed from portal images of multiple abutting fields. Results: The maximum transmission through the multileaf collimator is 0.44% at 6 MV and 0.52% at 10 MV. This reduced to 0.22% and 0.27%, respectively, when the beam passes through the dynamic leaf guide in addition to the MLC. The maximum transmission through the thick part of the diaphragm is 0.32% and 0.36% at 6 and 10 MV. The combination of leaf and diaphragm transmission ranges from 0.08% to 0.010% at 6 MV and 0.10% to 0.14% depending on whether the shielding is through the thick or thin part of the diaphragm. The off-axis intertip transmission for a zero leaf gap is 2.2% at 6 and 10 MV. The leaf tip penumbra for a 100 × 100 mm field ranges from 5.4 to 4.3 mm at 6 and 10 MV across the full range of leaf motion when measured in the AB direction, which reduces to 4.0–3.4 mm at 6 MV and 4.5–3.8 mm at 10 MV when measured in the GT direction. For a 50 × 50?mm field, the diaphragm penumbra ranges from 4.3 to 3.7 mm at 6 MV and 4.5 to 4.1 mm at 10 MV in the AB direction and 3.7 to 3.2 mm at 6 MV and 4.2 to 3.7 mm when measured in the GT direction. The tongue and groove effect observed from exposure of a radiochromic film to two abutting fields is an underdose of 25%. The head scatter factor at both 6 and 10 MV is similar to that from the MLCi2 collimator to within 0.8%. The uncertainty in the leaf position reproducibility is 0.05 mm (2?). Conclusions: The Agility collimator is a low leakage, high definition collimator where both the MLC and the sculpted diaphragm have been optimized for dynamic treatments.
Linear Response Theory 15.0.6 Fourier Transform
Palffy-Muhoray, Peter
Chapter 15 Linear Response Theory 15.0.6 Fourier Transform A function of time f(t) which transform of f(t). Note that if f(t) = (t) such that (t)dt = 1, then F() = 1 2 , and (t) = 1 2 - eit d 85 #12;86 CHAPTER 15. LINEAR RESPONSE THEORY 15.0.7 Convolution Consider f(t) with transform F() and h
Distribution of linearly polarized gluons inside a large nucleus
Andreas Metz; Jian Zhou
2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
The distribution of linearly polarized gluons inside a large nucleus is studied in the framework of the color glass condensate. We find that the Weizs\\"acker-Williams distribution saturates the positivity bound at large transverse momenta and is suppressed at small transverse momenta, whereas the dipole distribution saturates the bound for any value of the transverse momentum. We also discuss processes in which both distributions of linearly polarized gluons can be probed.
A simple framework to justify linear response theory
Martin Hairer; Andrew J Majda
2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
The use of linear response theory for forced dissipative stochastic dynamical systems through the fluctuation dissipation theorem is an attractive way to study climate change systematically among other applications. Here, a mathematically rigorous justification of linear response theory for forced dissipative stochastic dynamical systems is developed. The main results are formulated in an abstract setting and apply to suitable systems, in finite and infinite dimensions, that are of interest in climate change science and other applications.
Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator
Haaland, Carsten M. (Dadeville, AL)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod.
Non-linear viscoelastic deformation of polymeric solutions
Sanchez Reyes, Javier
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NON-LINEAR VISCOELASTIC DEFORMATION OF POLYMERIC SOLUTIONS A Thesis by JAVIER SANCHEZ REYES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 2000 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering NON-LINEAR VISCOELASTIC DEFORMATION OF POLYMERIC SOLUTIONS A Thesis by JAVIER SANCHEZ REYES Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...
Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator
Haaland, C.M.
1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine is described. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod. 8 figs.
Rodwell, Mark J. W.
High linearity GaN HEMT power amplifier with pre-linearization gate diode Shouxuan Xie, Vamsi Paidi Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA A high linearity MMIC RF power amplifier is reported in the AlGaN/GaN HEMT to compensate the non-linear effect caused by the nonlinear input capacitance Cgs of the GaN HEMT device
Linear optics schemes for entanglement distribution with realistic single-photon sources
Miko?aj Lasota; Czes?aw Radzewicz; Konrad Banaszek; Rob Thew
2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study the operation of linear optics schemes for entanglement distribution based on nonlocal photon subtraction when input states, produced by imperfect single-photon sources, exhibit both vacuum and multiphoton contributions. Two models for realistic photon statistics with radically different properties of the multiphoton "tail" are considered. The first model assumes occasional emission of double photons and linear attenuation, while the second one is motivated by heralded sources utilizing spontaneous parametric down-conversion. We find conditions for the photon statistics that guarantee generation of entanglement in the relevant qubit subspaces and compare it with classicality criteria. We also quantify the amount of entanglement that can be produced with imperfect single-photon sources, optimized over setup parameters, using as a measure entanglement of formation. Finally, we discuss verification of the generated entanglement by testing Bell's inequalities. The analysis is carried out for two schemes. The first one is the well-established one-photon scheme, which produces a photon in a delocalized superposition state between two nodes, each of them fed with one single photon at the input. As the second scheme, we introduce and analyze a linear-optics analog of the robust scheme based on interfering two Stokes photons emitted by atomic ensembles, which does not require phase stability between the nodes.
Effective Yukawa couplings and flavor-changing Higgs boson decays at linear colliders
Gabrielli, E. [CERN, PH-TH, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Mele, B. [INFN, Sezione di Roma, c/o Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Piazzale A. Moro 2, I-00185 Rome (Italy)
2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the advantages of a linear-collider program for testing a recent theoretical proposal where the Higgs boson Yukawa couplings are radiatively generated, keeping unchanged the standard-model mechanism for electroweak-gauge-symmetry breaking. Fermion masses arise at a large energy scale through an unknown mechanism, and the standard model at the electroweak scale is regarded as an effective field theory. In this scenario, Higgs boson decays into photons and electroweak gauge-boson pairs are considerably enhanced for a light Higgs boson, which makes a signal observation at the LHC straightforward. On the other hand, the clean environment of a linear collider is required to directly probe the radiative fermionic sector of the Higgs boson couplings. Also, we show that the flavor-changing Higgs boson decays are dramatically enhanced with respect to the standard model. In particular, we find a measurable branching ratio in the range (10{sup -4}-10{sup -3}) for the decay H{yields}bs for a Higgs boson lighter than 140 GeV, depending on the high-energy scale where Yukawa couplings vanish. We present a detailed analysis of the Higgs boson production cross sections at linear colliders for interesting decay signatures, as well as branching-ratio correlations for different flavor-conserving/nonconserving fermionic decays.
Pan, Hsuan-yu
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1.1 SiGe BiCMOS Technology . . . . . . .A Linear-in-dB SiGe HBT Wideband High Dynamic Range RFpower dissapation trade-off between Si BJTs and SiGe HBTs [
Goodman, K.W.; Tobin, J.G.; Schumann, F.O. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Willis, R.F. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Gammon, J.W. [Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States); Pappas, D.P. [Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States); Kortright, J.B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Denlinger, J.D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Rotenberg, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Warwick, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Smith, N.V. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)
1997-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
We have observed circular and linear magnetic dichroism in angle- resolved photoemission spectra of 50-monolayer Gd film grown on Y(0001) and 6-monolayer Fe-Ni alloy films grown on Cu(001). The 4f level of Gd and the Fe 3p level of the Fe-Ni alloy were measured. A different geometry was used for the magnetic circular dichroism than was used to measure the magnetic linear dichroism. The geometries were chosen so that the shape of the magnetic circular dichroism is predicted to be equal to the shape of the magnetic linear dichroism for four-fold symmetric Fe-Ni/Cu(001) but not for three-fold symmetric Gd/Y(0001). Experimental results are presented. In this paper we examine the effect of symmetry (experimental geometry and sample geometry) on magnetic linear and circular dichroism in angle- resolved photoemission. In particular we chose separate geometries for measuring magnetic circular and magnetic linear dichroism. The geometries were chosen such that samples with four-fold symmetry about the sample normal may have magnetic circular and magnetic linear dichroism of the same shape. But samples with three-fold symmetry should not exhibit circular and magnetic linear dichroism of the same shape. The samples studied are three-fold symmetric Gd films grown on Y(0001) and four-fold symmetric Fe-Ni alloy grown on Cu(001). After presenting the methods of the experiment, we briefly review parts of a model of magnetic dichroism developed by Venus and coworkers and our specialization and extension of it, particularly for FeNi/Cu(001). We then show the results of our measurements.
Sufficient statistics for linear control strategies in decentralized systems with partial history
Mahajan, Aditya
1 Sufficient statistics for linear control strategies in decentralized systems with partial history sharing Aditya Mahajan and Ashutosh Nayyar Abstract In decentralized control systems with linear dynamics, quadratic cost, and Gaussian disturbance (also called decentralized LQG systems) linear control strategies
Wang, Feipeng
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
4.17 Linear stage efficiency analysis: (a) circuit topology4.17: Linear stage efficiency analysis: (a) circuit topologycircuit behavior, we separate the analysis into the following three cases: Case I: Linear
Precision measurement of the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio with BLAST
Crawford, Christopher Blair
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have measured ... in the South Hall Ring of the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Facility. This experiment used a polarized electron beam, a pure hydrogen internal polarized target, and the symmetric Bates Large Acceptance ...
Bayeh, Alexander C.
2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The present work examines line measurements of pressure, temperature, and density in high speed, non-isobaric flows emanating from an underexpanded jet nozzle. Line images of rotational and vibrational Raman spectra are collected for a 8-mm linear...
SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT
SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES CEM KANER, J and lazy? Most managers who I know have tried at least oney g measurement program--and abandoned them: · Measurement theory and how it applies to software development metrics (which, at their core, are typically
Anders Nysteen; Dara P. S. McCutcheon; Jesper Mørk
2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
We analytically treat the scattering of two counter-propagating photons on a two-level emitter embedded in an optical waveguide. We find that the non-linearity of the emitter can give rise to significant pulse-dependent directional correlations in the scattered photonic state, which could be quantified via a reduction in coincident clicks in a Hong-Ou-Mandel measurement setup, analogous to a linear beam splitter. Changes to the spectra and phase of the scattered photons, however, would lead to reduced interference with other photons when implemented in a larger optical circuit. We introduce suitable fidelity measures which account for these changes, and find that high values can still be achieved even when accounting for all properties of the scattered photonic state.
Non-linear power spectra in the synchronous gauge
Jai-chan Hwang; Hyerim Noh; Donghui Jeong; Jinn-Ouk Gong; Sang Gyu Biern
2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the non-linear corrections to the matter and velocity power spectra in the synchronous gauge (SG). We consider the perturbations up to third order in a zero-pressure fluid in flat cosmological background, which is relevant for the non-linear growth of cosmic structure. As a result, we point out that the SG is an inappropriate coordinate choice when handling the non-linear growth of the large-scale structure. Although the equations in the SG happen to coincide with those in the comoving gauge (CG) to linear order, they differ from second order. In particular, the second order hydrodynamic equations in the the SG are apparently in the Lagrangian form, whereas those in the CG are in the Eulerian form. Thus, the non-linear power spectra naively presented in the original SG show strange behavior quite different from the result of the Newtonian theory even on sub-horizon scales. The power spectra in the SG show regularized behaviors only after we introduce convective terms in the second order so that the equations in two gauges coincide to the second order.
n-Linear Algebra of type I and its applications
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
With the advent of computers, one needs algebraic structures that can simultaneously work with bulk data. One such algebraic structure, namely, n-linear algebras of type I are introduced in this book and its applications to n-Markov chains and n-Leontief models are given. These structures can be thought of as the generalization of bilinear algebras and bivector spaces. Several interesting n-linear algebra properties are proved. This book has four chapters. The first chapter just introduces n-group which is essential for the definition of n-vector spaces and n-linear algebras of type I. Chapter two gives the notion of n-vector spaces and several related results which are analogues of the classical linear algebra theorems. In case of n-vector spaces, we can define several types of linear transformations. The notion of n-best approximations can be used for error correction in coding theory. The notion of n-eigen values can be used in deterministic modal superposition principle for undamped structures, which can find its applications in finite element analysis of mechanical structures with uncertain parameters. Further, it is suggested that the concept of n-matrices can be used in real world problems which adopts fuzzy models like Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Fuzzy Relational Equations and Bidirectional Associative Memories. The applications of these algebraic structures are given in the third chapter. The fourth chapter suggests problems to further a reader's understanding of the subject.
Statistical physics of a model binary genetic switch with linear feedback
Paolo Visco; Rosalind J. Allen; Martin R. Evans
2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study the statistical properties of a simple genetic regulatory network that provides heterogeneity within a population of cells. This network consists of a binary genetic switch in which stochastic flipping between the two switch states is mediated by a "flipping" enzyme. Feedback between the switch state and the flipping rate is provided by a linear feedback mechanism: the flipping enzyme is only produced in the on switch state and the switching rate depends linearly on the copy number of the enzyme. This work generalises the model of [Phys. Rev. Lett., 101, 118104] to a broader class of linear feedback systems. We present a complete analytical solution for the steady-state statistics of the number of enzyme molecules in the on and off states, for the general case where the enzyme can mediate flipping in either direction. For this general case we also solve for the flip time distribution, making a connection to first passage and persistence problems in statistical physics. We show that the statistics of the model are non-Poissonian, leading to a peak in the flip time distribution. The occurrence of such a peak is analysed as a function of the parameter space. We present a new relation between the flip time distributions measured for two relevant choices of initial condition. We also introduce a new correlation measure to show that this model can exhibit long-lived temporal correlations, thus providing a primitive form of cellular memory. Motivated by DNA replication as well as by evolutionary mechanisms involving gene duplication, we study the case of two switches in the same cell. This results in correlations between the two switches; these can either positive or negative depending on the parameter regime.
The Space Density of Galaxy Peaks and the Linear Matter Power Spectrum
Rupert A. C. Croft; Enrique Gaztanaga
1997-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
One way of recovering information about the initial conditions of the Universe is by measuring features of the cosmological density field which are preserved during gravitational evolution and galaxy formation. In this paper we study the total number density of peaks in a (galaxy) point distribution smoothed with a filter, evaluating its usefulness as a means of inferring the shape of the initial (matter) power spectrum. We find that in numerical simulations which start from Gaussian initial conditions, the peak density follows well that predicted by the theory of Gaussian density fields, even on scales where the clustering is mildly non-linear. For smaller filter scales, $r \\simlt 4-6 \\hmpc$, we see evidence of merging as the peak density decreases with time. On larger scales, the peak density is independent of time. One might also expect it to be fairly robust with respect to variations in biasing, i.e. the way galaxies trace mass fluctuations. We find that this is the case when we apply various biasing prescriptions to the matter distribution in simulations. If the initial conditions are Gaussian, it is possible to use the peak density measured from the evolved field to reconstruct the shape of the initial power spectrum. We describe a stable method for doing this and apply it to several biased and unbiased non-linear simulations. We are able to recover the slope of the linear matter power spectrum on scales $k \\simlt 0.4 \\hmpc^{-1}$. The reconstruction has the advantage of being independent of the cosmological parameters ($\\Omega$, $\\Lambda$, $H_0$) and of the clustering normalisation ($\\sigma_8$). The peak density and reconstructed power spectrum slope therefore promise to be powerful discriminators between popular cosmological scenarios.
Non-linear approximations for solving 3D-packing MIP models: a ...
Manlio.Parisch
2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
MIP models: a heuristic approach ... three-dimensional packing, MIP/MINLP models, linear/non-linear ..... Springer Science + Business Media, New York.
Characterization of radial turbulent fluxes in the Santander linear plasma machine
Mier, J. A., E-mail: mierja@unican.es; Anabitarte, E.; Sentíes, J. M. [Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain)] [Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Sánchez, R. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganés, Madrid (Spain)] [Departamento de Física, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganés, Madrid (Spain); Newman, D. E. [Department of Physics, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5920 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5920 (United States); Castellanos, O. F. [Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain)] [Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Milligen, B. Ph. van [Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión, Asociación EURATOM-CIEMAT, 28040 Madrid (Spain)] [Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión, Asociación EURATOM-CIEMAT, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the statistical and correlation properties of the local turbulent flux measured at different radial locations of the cold, weakly ionized plasmas inside the Santander Linear Plasma Machine [Castellanos et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 47, 2067 (2005)] are consistent with diffusive-like transport dynamics. This is in contrast to the dynamical behavior inferred from similar measurements taken in hotter, fully ionized tokamak and stellarator edge plasmas, in which long-term correlations and other features characteristic of complex, non-diffusive transport dynamics have been reported in the past. These results may shed some light on a recent controversy regarding the possible universality of the dynamics of turbulent transport in magnetized plasmas.
Ayati, Moosa [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alwan, Mohamad; Liu Xinzhi [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Khaloozadeh, Hamid [Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
State observation (estimation) is a very important issue in system analysis and control. This paper develops a new observer called Stochastic Adaptive Impulsive Observer (SAIO) for the state estimation of impulsive systems. The proposed observer is applicable to linear and nonlinear stochastic impulsive systems. In addition, the effect of parametric uncertainty is considered and unknown parameters of the system are estimated by suitable adaptation laws. Impulsive system theory, particularly stochastic Lyapunov-like function, is used to analyze the stability and convergence of the state estimations. The main advantages of the proposed observer are: 1) it gives continuous estimation from discrete time measurements of the system output, and 2) it is useful for state estimation when continuous measurements are impossible or expensive. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed observer and we believe that it has many applications in control and estimation theories.
Arterial endothelial function measurement method and apparatus
Maltz, Jonathan S; Budinger, Thomas F
2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
A "relaxoscope" (100) detects the degree of arterial endothelial function. Impairment of arterial endothelial function is an early event in atherosclerosis and correlates with the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. An artery (115), such as the brachial artery (BA) is measured for diameter before and after several minutes of either vasoconstriction or vasorelaxation. The change in arterial diameter is a measure of flow-mediated vasomodification (FMVM). The relaxoscope induces an artificial pulse (128) at a superficial radial artery (115) via a linear actuator (120). An ultrasonic Doppler stethoscope (130) detects this pulse 10-20 cm proximal to the point of pulse induction (125). The delay between pulse application and detection provides the pulse transit time (PTT). By measuring PTT before (160) and after arterial diameter change (170), FMVM may be measured based on the changes in PTT caused by changes in vessel caliber, smooth muscle tone and wall thickness.
Anastassi, Z. A. [Department of Finance and Auditing, School of Management and Economics, Technological Educational Institute of Kalamata, GR-241 00 Antikalamos (Greece); Simos, T. E. [Laboratory of Computational Sciences, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Peloponnese, GR-22 100 Tripolis (Greece)
2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a new family of explicit symmetric linear multistep methods for the efficient numerical solution of the Schroedinger equation and related problems with oscillatory solution. The new methods are trigonometrically fitted and have improved intervals of periodicity as compared to the corresponding classical method with constant coefficients and other methods from the literature. We also apply the methods along with other known methods to real periodic problems, in order to measure their efficiency.
Abgrall, Rémi, E-mail: remi.abgrall@inria.fr [Bacchus Team Project, Domaine de Voluceau Rocquencourt - B.P. 105 78153 Le Chesnay (France) [Bacchus Team Project, Domaine de Voluceau Rocquencourt - B.P. 105 78153 Le Chesnay (France); Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux, Université de Bordeaux, 351 Cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence (France); Congedo, Pietro Marco [Bacchus Team Project, Domaine de Voluceau Rocquencourt - B.P. 105 78153 Le Chesnay (France) [Bacchus Team Project, Domaine de Voluceau Rocquencourt - B.P. 105 78153 Le Chesnay (France); Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux, Université de Bordeaux, 351 Cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence (France)
2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper deals with the formulation of a semi-intrusive (SI) method allowing the computation of statistics of linear and non linear PDEs solutions. This method shows to be very efficient to deal with probability density function of whatsoever form, long-term integration and discontinuities in stochastic space. Given a stochastic PDE where randomness is defined on ?, starting from (i) a description of the solution in term of a space variables, (ii) a numerical scheme defined for any event ??? and (iii) a (family) of random variables that may be correlated, the solution is numerically described by its conditional expectancies of point values or cell averages and its evaluation constructed from the deterministic scheme. One of the tools is a tessellation of the random space as in finite volume methods for the space variables. Then, using these conditional expectancies and the geometrical description of the tessellation, a piecewise polynomial approximation in the random variables is computed using a reconstruction method that is standard for high order finite volume space, except that the measure is no longer the standard Lebesgue measure but the probability measure. This reconstruction is then used to formulate a scheme on the numerical approximation of the solution from the deterministic scheme. This new approach is said semi-intrusive because it requires only a limited amount of modification in a deterministic solver to quantify uncertainty on the state when the solver includes uncertain variables. The effectiveness of this method is illustrated for a modified version of Kraichnan–Orszag three-mode problem where a discontinuous pdf is associated to the stochastic variable, and for a nozzle flow with shocks. The results have been analyzed in terms of accuracy and probability measure flexibility. Finally, the importance of the probabilistic reconstruction in the stochastic space is shown up on an example where the exact solution is computable, the viscous Burgers equation.
Controlling ultrafast currents by the non-linear photogalvanic effect
Wachter, Georg; Lemell, Christoph; Tong, Xiao-Min; Yabana, Kazuhiro; Burgdörfer, Joachim
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We theoretically investigate the effect of broken inversion symmetry on the generation and control of ultrafast currents in a transparent dielectric (SiO2) by strong femto-second optical laser pulses. Ab-initio simulations based on time-dependent density functional theory predict ultrafast DC currents that can be viewed as a non-linear photogalvanic effect. Most surprisingly, the direction of the current undergoes a sudden reversal above a critical threshold value of laser intensity I_c ~ 3.8*10^13 W/cm2. We trace this switching to the transition from non-linear polarization currents to the tunneling excitation regime. We demonstrate control of the ultrafast currents by the time delay between two laser pulses. We find the ultrafast current control by the non-linear photogalvanic effect to be remarkably robust and insensitive to laser-pulse shape and carrier-envelope phase.