Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. Levine, N. Martin, J. Sinton, Q. Wang, D. Zhou, F. ZhouLynn, E. Worrell, J. Sinton (2001), “Industrial EnergyAppli_Stds_China.pdf. 5 Sinton, J. , D. Fridley (2000), “

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

NREL: Energy Analysis - Ella Zhou  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools UpdateChadDavidDylanElla Zhou

5

BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural development strategy. This paper describes energy needs in rural China, examines the resource availability of three provinces (Inner Mongo- lia, Qinghai and Xinjiang in Western China), and eval- uates rural energy

Delaware, University of

6

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China* Nan Zhou, 1whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Wanfang Zhou | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation | Department of EnergyDepartmentEnergy WRPS Earns Award forDepartment

8

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) (Zhou et al. , Anothernuclear companies as China’s NNSA lacks independence andAs mentioned previously, the NNSA has limited staffing

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’sof China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’spromote renewable energy through governmental policies have

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Free Energy Guided Sampling Ting Zhou and Amedeo Caflisch*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Guided Sampling Ting Zhou and Amedeo Caflisch* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: A free energy-guided sampling dynamics. Using the cut-based free energy profile and Markov state models, FEGS speeds up sampling

Caflisch, Amedeo

11

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refer to IEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China andIEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s Energy Administration .30same time, the National Energy Administration has agreed toRegulation China’s energy administration has operated in a

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-3502E China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room Air Conditioners Nan Zhou Berkeley National Laboratory is an equal opportunity employer. #12;i Table of Contents I. Air Conditioner.......................................................................................................................... 6 I.2.1 Necessity for Air Conditioner Round Robin Testing

14

Theory of Free Energy and Entropy in Noncovalent Binding Huan-Xiang Zhou*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of Free Energy and Entropy in Noncovalent Binding Huan-Xiang Zhou*, and Michael K. Gilson, Rockville, Maryland 20850 Received December 23, 2008 Contents 1. Introduction 4092 2. Free Energy, Partition.4. Solvation and a Temperature-Dependent Energy Function 4096 3. Binding Free Energy and Binding Constant 4096

Weston, Ken

15

China Energy Primer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

Ni, Chun Chun

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

16

A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Lynn Price and Stephanie Ohshita China EnergyDevelopment Guide for Local Government Actions in China Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Lynn Price and Stephanie Ohshita China Energydevelopment for two main reasons. The first is that local food production can lower energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission (NDRC), China, http://zhangguobao.ndrc.gov.cn/of Land and Resources, China, January 19, 2009, http://NewsShow.asp? NewsID=10650. 6 China Energy Group (October

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Elmore Model for Energy Estimation in RC Trees Quming Zhou and Kartik Mohanram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elmore Model for Energy Estimation in RC Trees Quming Zhou and Kartik Mohanram Department This paper presents analysis methods for energy estimation in RC trees driven by time-varying voltage sources]: Design aids--simulation General Terms: Algorithms Keywords: Energy estimation, RC trees, interconnect. 1

Mohanram, Kartik

19

Total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method Baojing Zhou and Yan Alexander Wanga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method Baojing Zhou and Yan Alexander February 2007; accepted 12 June 2007; published online 10 August 2007 We analyze the total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method SCM of Ullmo et al. Phys. Rev. B 63, 125339 2001 , where

Wang, Yan Alexander

20

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petroleum, 1995. China's biomass, solar, wind, tidal, anda focus of China's rural power development, with solar waterPassive solar design has been incor- II-6 China Energy

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 ENERGY PRICES Figure 5-1 Major Coal Price Reforms (1980-117 Figure 5-2 Ex-Factory Coal Price Index (1980-Figure 6-14 Comparison of Coal Prices in China’s Domestic

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containing monthly energy production statistics] ChinaDatabook Chapter II, Energy Production Table 11-28. Coverage1993 MMX Chapter II, Energy Production China Energy Databook

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy in China’s overall energy mix, in February 2005 thehalf of the nation’s energy mix (Figure 2-3). Figure 2-3energy conversion has only slightly increased since 1980 with an increase of only 2.6 Mt, after overall fuel mix

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (TPE) byFuel (Mtce) Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Coal Rawof China's Total Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Total

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Energy Efficiency Policy in China”, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), http://ies.lbl.gov/iespubs/50452.pdf. “Production Targets of Oil and Natural Gas”,

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Petroleum Resources of China. Washington D.C. , U.S.U.S. Department of Energy. A-4 China Energy Databook EnergyImproved Biomass Stoves in China: How Was It Done? E W C / E

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydroelectricity ..long term demand. 5. Hydroelectricity China’s hydroelectricSummary of China’s Hydroelectricity Reserves”, Sate Power

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Theory of Free Energy and Entropy in Noncovalent Binding HUAN-XIANG ZHOU AND MICHAEL K. GILSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Theory of Free Energy and Entropy in Noncovalent Binding HUAN-XIANG ZHOU AND MICHAEL K. GILSON 1 in a form that supports the present formulation of the theory of noncovalent binding. The free energy, F, provides a measure of the stability of a system at thermal equilibrium: the lower the free energy

Weston, Ken

29

China energy databook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises` investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi [eds.] [Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

China energy databook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi (eds.) (Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and subsidies initiated in the last few years, China’s solarChina has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar,

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

China energy databook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises' investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi (eds.) (Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Primary Energy Consumption, 1990 (CommercialPRIMARY ENERGY PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION China recentlyto 22.3% of primary energy consumption (1993), doubling in

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Primary Energy Production per GDP (MER*) (2009) *Total Primary Energy Production per GDP (PPP**) **PurchasingNorth West China's Energy Consumption per Unit of GDP Energy

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbon emissions (Summary)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy use. China’s Sustainable Energy Future Summary next31 -ii- China’s Sustainable Energy Future Executive Summarystudy, entitled China’s Sustainable Energy Future: Scenarios

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Congrs SHF : Energies Marines Renouvelables 2013, Brest, 09-10 octobre 2013 Zhibin Zhou LISSAGE SUPERCAPACITIF DE LA PUISSANCE PRODUITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of a Grid-Connected Marine Current Turbine System Using Supercapacitors Zhibin Zhou1,2 , Franck, the power limitation control will be applied. In the second step, Supercapacitor (SC) Energy Storage System, supercapacitor. I. INTRODUCTION During short-time period, swell waves are the main cause for variations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy in China. ” Renewable Energy 36 (5): 1374-1378. Chen,GoC/World Bank/GEF China Renewable Energy Scale-up Programwind power systems. ” Renewable Energy 35: 218-225. Lechon

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008) 5 Figure 1-6 China’s SolarFigure 1-6). Figure 1-6 China’s Solar Resources 3,200hs andin rural areas. China has abundant solar resources that can

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Editorial Board of National Rural Energy Planning (1990).Nengyuan Guihua (National Rural Energy Planning). Beijing,Taylor, Robert P. (1981). Rural Energy Development in China.

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China's Total Primary Energy Production by Source (1950-AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal Oil NaturalRenewables Total Primary Energy Production by Source Shares*

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scrap metal processors. On the other hand, China still uses considerably more energy than the steel industries

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

China’s Wind Energy Development and Prediction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis focuses on China’s wind energy development, focusing on data pertaining to effects of wind energy development on economic, environmental, and social issues. It… (more)

Wallin, Micah R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

China energy databook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response to the first edition of the China Energy Databook was overwhelmingly positive, and has encouraged us to issue this revised, updated, and expanded edition. It has been a natural counterpart to the Energy Analysis Program`s continuing program of collaborative research with the Energy Research Institute. No other current reference volume dedicated to China`s energy system contains a similar variety and quality of material. We have revised some of the categories and data that appeared in the old volume. The adjustment for energy consumption in the transportation sector, for instance, has been slightly changed to include some fuel use in the commercial sector, which was previously left out. As another example, natural gas consumption statistics in the first edition greatly overstated electric utility use; we have rectified that error. Some tables have changed as statistical collection and reporting practices change in China. Figures on gross output value by sector stop with 1992, and economic output in subsequent years is covered by various measures of value-added, such as national income and gross domestic product.

Sinton, J.E.; Fridley, D.G.; Levine, M.D. [eds.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems; the China Sustainable Energy Program (funded byFoundation's China Sustainable Energy Program commissionedFoundation (China Sustainable Energy Program) became major

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Trade, and Catering Service Appendix 3: EnergyRetail Trade, and Catering Service Appendix 3: Energybunkers and trade. Growth of China's Total Primary Energy

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compared to other renewable energy policies illustrate thatExpansion Policy Drivers Renewable Energy Law of China TheRenewable Energy Law, other technology-specific policies

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Energy conservation programs in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State-sponsored energy conservation policies and programs have been a key factor in the striking drop in energy intensity of China`s economy since the 1980s. China established an extensive administrative structure for energy management that linked the highest policy-making bodies with all the country`s major energy-users. A national agency was created to administer large grants and loans for energy-efficiency projects. A network of technical outreach and design centers provided end-users of efficient technologies with crucial information and expertise. Other important measures included energy-efficiency standards, financial incentives, support for research and development, and educational programs. The economic system reforms have rendered many of these policies and programs obsolete. China faces great challenges in redirecting policies and institutions to continue pursuing energy efficiency. This is a task that is vital to China`s long-term economic and environmental health.

Levine, M.D.; Sinton, J.E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy Analysis Program

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Reserves .5 Figure 1-5 China’s Proved Natural Gas Reserves (1998 -Recoverable Natural Gas Reserves (Tcm) Expectated Value

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Will Start Its State Oil Reserve, JOGMEC, February 4, 2005.s Proved Oil Reserves (2008) . 215 Table 2-3 China’s Current Strategic Oil Reserve

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

88 Figure 38. Carbon Intensity of China's Electricityboth its energy and carbon intensities as it strives to meetincluding energy and carbon intensity reduction goals of 16%

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

continued growth of its coal- dominated energy system, Chinasectoral end use from coal China Energy Databook IX-3 (TableAND EXPORTS Net Energy Exports Coal Imports and Exports by

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shares of World Energy Source Production Country Year China§Shares of World Primary Energy Source Production by Country,Shares of World Primary Energy Source Production by Country,

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

China Energy Databook. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program at LBL first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and energy demand held in Nanjing Nov. 1988. EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. It was decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system; thus the primary criterion was to relate the data to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and to indicate probable developments (eg, as indicated by patterns of investment). Caveats are included in forewords to both the 1992 and 1996 editions. A chapter on energy prices is included in the 1996 edition. 1993 energy consumption data are not included since there was a major disruption in energy statistical collection in China that year.

Sinton, J. E.; Fridley, D. G.; Levine, M. D.; Yang, F.; Zhenping, J.; Xing, Z.; Kejun, J.; Xiaofeng, L.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Crude Oil Imports: 239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (consumption - Urban Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (cont’d) Mtce Crude Oilconsumption - Urban Other Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (cont’d) Physical Quantity Crude Oil

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

full end-use model of China’s energy economy for 2020.Assessed ways for China to meet its goal of reducing energyCenter (BSDC) Beijing University China Academy of Building

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

China's fuel gas sector: History, current status, and future prospects Chi-Jen Yang a,c,*, Yipei Zhou b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in cylinders and can- isters in rural areas. Natural gas consumption is increasing throughout China, particularly as a cooking fuel. Expanding the production and supply of natural gas in China faces many challenges. In particular, China's controls on natural gas prices have deterred investment in exploration

Jackson, Robert B.

57

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-for 44.8% of China’s total oil production in 2006, a drop ofgas, a by-product of oil production, has been used primarily

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-Stabilize the increase in crude oil production and implementSinopec CNOOC China’s crude oil production increased from

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 Table 1-3 China’s Exploitable HydropowerGW of technically exploitable hydropower reserves capable ofTable 1-3). The major hydropower resources are in Southwest

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clean coal technology • CO 2 Capture and Storage (CCS) at Daqing oil field • Joint natural gas development in East China

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Geothermal Power Development energy development. Geothermal Power Technology OverviewChina, the binary cycle geothermal power plant is assumed to

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

China energy databook. 1992 Edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi [eds.] [Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India i Japan Electricity Q i USA G a s China EnergyIndia Japan USA FSUf 3S4.8 Liquid Gas Electricity Heat fiIndia Japan USA FSU World f H Hydro- electricity Uranium §

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In addition to promoting energy efficiency, China has actively pursued alternative energy development as a strategy to reduce its energy demand and carbon emissions. One area of particular focus has been to raise the share of alternative energy in China’s rapidly growing electricity generation with a 2020 target of 15% share of total primary energy. Over the last ten years, China has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar, wind, nuclear, hydro, geothermal and biomass power as well as biofuels and coal alternatives. This study thus seeks to examine China’s alternative energy in terms of what has and will continue to drive alternative energy development in China as well as analyze in depth the growth potential and challenges facing each specific technology. This study found that despite recent policies enabling extraordinary capacity and investment growth, alternative energy technologies face constraints and barriers to growth. For relatively new technologies that have not achieved commercialization such as concentrated solar thermal, geothermal and biomass power, China faces technological limitations to expanding the scale of installed capacity. While some alternative technologies such as hydropower and coal alternatives have been slowed by uneven and often changing market and policy support, others such as wind and solar PV have encountered physical and institutional barriers to grid integration. Lastly, all alternative energy technologies face constraints in human resources and raw material resources including land and water, with some facing supply limitations in critical elements such as uranium for nuclear, neodymium for wind and rare earth metals for advanced solar PV. In light of China’s potential for and barriers to growth, the resource and energy requirement for alternative energy technologies were modeled and scenario analysis used to evaluate the energy and emission impact of two pathways of alternative energy development. The results show that China can only meets its 2015 and 2020 targets for non-fossil penetration if it successfully achieves all of its capacity targets for 2020 with continued expansion through 2030. To achieve this level of alternative generation, significant amounts of raw materials including 235 Mt of concrete, 54 Mt of steel, 5 Mt of copper along with 3 billion tons of water and 64 thousand square kilometers of land are needed. China’s alternative energy supply will likely have relatively high average energy output to fossil fuel input ratio of 42 declining to 26 over time, but this ratio is largely skewed by nuclear and hydropower capacity. With successful alternative energy development, 32% of China’s electricity and 21% of its total primary energy will be supplied by alternative energy by 2030. Compared to the counterfactual baseline in which alternative energy development stumbles and China does not meet its capacity targets until 2030, alternative energy development can displace 175 Mtce of coal inputs per year and 2080 Mtce cumulatively from power generation by 2030. In carbon terms, this translates into 5520 Mt of displaced CO{sub 2} emissions over the twenty year period, with more than half coming from expanded nuclear and wind power generation. These results illustrate the critical role that alternative energy development can play alongside energy efficiency in reducing China’s energy-related carbon emissions.

Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stephane de la Rue du Can, Sinton, J. , Worrell, E. , Zhou,Press, Cambridge: UK Sinton, J.E. , Fridley, D.G. , Levine,No. 4, September, 1996. Sinton, J. , 2001. “Changing Energy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China’sof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption, while others estimate

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CONSERVATION IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy... conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants...

You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

68

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 6. Renewable Energy132 5. Renewable EnergyUnited States National Renewable Energy Laboratory, http://

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

70

Urban land-use effects on groundwater phosphate distribution in a shallow aquifer, Nanfei River basin, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

basin, China Jiazhong Qian & Lulu Wang & Hongbin Zhan & Zhou Chen Abstract Groundwater, surface water

Zhan, Hongbin

71

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and costs in China's electricity sector,” Energy Policy 38 (62 5.1 Electricity SectorSector Analysis 5.1 Electricity Sector Introduction China’s

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Potential of geothermal energy in China .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in… (more)

Sung, Peter On

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Encourage renewable energy production and consumptionor renewable Chapter 2 Energy Production alternatives. It isRenewable Energy Sources ..8 Chapter 2 Energy Production .

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withof China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,accounted for, the primary energy consumption of the Top-

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Nuclear power grows in China`s energy mix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China`s rapid economic growth in the past two decades has caused the nations`s demand for electricity to exceed its capacity. AS of 1992, with power shortages as high as 25 percent, {open_quotes}power plant operators were often forced to resort to rolling brownouts to avoid complete system breakdowns,{close_quotes} says Xavier Chen, an assistant professor with the Asian Institute of Technology`s Energy Program in Bangkok, Thailand. To keep pace with China`s economic development, Chen estimates that {open_quotes}China must increase its electricity capacity 6 to 8 percent a year each year into the foreseeable future.{close_quotes} For now, coal is transported to power plants in the rapidly developing eastern coastal provinces at great expense. Chen also notes that the environmental disadvantages of coal make it a less desirable source of energy than nuclear. Development of nuclear energy is likely to go forward for another reason: In China, there is much less opposition to nuclear power plants than in other developing nations. {open_quotes}Nuclear energy likely will plan an important role in China`s future energy mix and help close the gap between electricity production and demand,{close_quotes} Chen says.

Chen, Xavier [Institute of Technology`s Energy Program, Bangkok (Thailand)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resources Chapter 1 1. Coal Energy Reserves and ResourcesProduction Policy 1.1. Coal Energy Production Coal is a100 million tons of coal equivalent energy by 2010. The

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of wind energy, in July 2009, the NDRC set benchmark pricesWind Power Price Benchmarks (August 1, 2009 onward) 148 CHAPTER 6 ENERGY5 Energy Prices Table 5-18 Successful Bid Prices for Wind

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

80 Figure 3-6 Primary Energy Consumption (1980-3-8 Comparison of Primary Energy Consumption by SelectedFigure 3-9 Per Capita Primary Energy Consumption (1990-

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the use of renewable energy in rural areas. The law alsoboth urban Chapter 2 Energy Production and rural areas, andwas the primary energy source for rural households, where it

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure. From 51% of total energy consumption in 1980, thefor 61% of total energy consumption. Industrial energy usethis scenario, China’s total energy consumption by 2020 will

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydraulic head to control hydroelectricity generation, andlarge scale of China’s hydroelectricity generation needs,

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. ToGestionSolarPortocarrio S A

83

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum efficiency standards (35 standards) Mandatory 5) Formulating Incentive Policies to Encourage Energy Conservation

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China demonstration energy- efficient commercial building”,China Demonstration Energy Efficient Office Building insideUS-China demonstration energy-efficient office building Peng

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

86

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Runqing Hu, 2005, “Solar thermal in China: Overview andperspectives of the Chinese solar thermal market. ” RefocusProspectives for China’s solar thermal power technology

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 Figure 3. Map of China's Solar Resourceand Wang Sicheng, 2007, “China Solar PV Report. ” Beijing:tower. Figure 3. Map of China's Solar Resource Distribution

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

32 Table 13. Total Resource Requirements for Hydropower23 Figure 12. China's Hydropower Installed Capacity, 1980-and costs of China’s hydropower: Development or slowdown? ”

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primary Energy Consumption (Shares) Coal Crude Oil Naturalconsumption doubled from 5.1 to 10.53 Mtce , while both crude oilfuel consumption in 2006. The sector’s use of crude oil

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

122 Figure 5-6 Retail Gasoline Prices in SelectedEnergy Prices Figure 5-6 Retail Gasoline Prices in Selectedwholesale and retail power prices Price cut for gasoline,

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABORATORY Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissionscomponent of China’s total energy consumption mix. However,about 19% of China’s total energy consumption, while others

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

China energy issues : energy intensity, coal liquefaction, and carbon pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In my dissertation I explore three independent, but related, topics on China's energy issues. First, I examine the drivers for provincial energy-intensity trends in China, and finds that technology innovation is the key ...

Wu, Ning, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. “Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

China Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil andMCKEESPORTfor the 2012 CBECS4X I A O

95

Potential of geothermal energy in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in the earth's crust and currently the only ubiquitously ...

Sung, Peter On

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Children on the Margins: The Global Politics of Orphanage Care in Contemporary China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adoption of Female Children in Contemporary Rural China."The China Journal 56: 63-82. -----.in Contemporary Rural China." Journal of Family Issues Zhou,

Wang, Leslie Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

China rationalizes its renewable energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and GDP Per Capita, with China 2050 Scenarios Carbon EmissionsEnergy and GDP Per Capita, with China 2050 Scenarios .. 37 Figure 39 Carbon Emissions

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal Antecedence Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Energy Ltd (Tianpu Xianxing Group, aka Beijing...

100

China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile:Cooperation JumpChina:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A review of China`s energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1992 China`s primary energy production reached 1075 million tons of coal equivalent by far the largest in the developing world. Because coal is the primary commercial fuel, rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions is certain. Thus the attitude of the Chinese government toward energy and environmental issues becomes increasingly important to those involved in the study and analysis of global climate change and energy issues. This report is intended to provide a basic understanding of the development of China`s energy policymaking over the past four decades. The paper first reviews institutional development and policymaking and then describes the transition to the market-oriented system. While energy has consistently received a great deal of attention from the central government, the institutional basis for setting and implementing policies has shifted often. Reforms during the past 15 years have been incremental, piecemeal, and occasionally contradictory, but overall have freed a large portion of the energy industry from the strictures of a planned economy and laid the basis for broad price liberalization. Responsibility for energy planning is now dispersed among a number of organizations, rendering coordination of energy development difficult. Economic reform has rendered obsolete most of the policy-implementation means of the planning era. Although the new tools of central control are not fully effective, the trend toward decentralized decisionmaking has been strengthened. The report ends with a summary of energy forecasts used by Chinese policymakers, highlighting current policy goals and the issues that will shape future policy.

Yang, F. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Duan, N. [Environment Management Institute, Beijing (China); Zhijie, H. [Energy Research Institute, Beijing (China)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report (CEACER). Beijing:Oil consumption and CO2 emissions in China’s road transport:Growth, Oil Demand and CO2 Emissions through 2050. Report

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

factors for China’s coal generation results largely from therelative share of coal generation decreases significantlycompetitive with coal-fired generation (Wang, 2010).

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many observers have raised doubts about the accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics, which show an unprecedented decline in recent years, while reported economic growth has remained strong. This paper explores the internal consistency of China's energy statistics from 1990 to 2000, coverage and reporting issues, and the state of the statistical reporting system. Available information suggests that, while energy statistics were probably relatively good in the early 1990s, their quality has declined since the mid-1990s. China's energy statistics should be treated as a starting point for analysis, and explicit judgments regarding ranges of uncertainty should accompany any conclusions.

Sinton, Jonathan E.

2001-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

106

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aizhu Chen. “China’s energy intensity rises 3.2 pct in Q1. ”Table 1 Energy Use, Energy Intensity, and GDP Data (2005-2 Table 2 Frozen 2005 Energy Intensity Baseline and Reported

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project Will economic restructuring in China reduce trade to: discover new interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess future; and improve methods to model, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts

108

China energy, environment, and climate study: Background issues paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developing countries, China has made significant?and relatively successful?efforts to promote renewable energy

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.; Logan, Jeffrey; Guo, Yuan; Wang, Bangcheng; Xu, Qing

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through EnergyEfficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China is fueling its phenomenal economic growth with huge quantities of coal. The environmental consequences reach far beyond its borders--China is second only to the United States in greenhouse gas emissions. Expanding its supply of other energy sources, like nuclear power and imported oil, raises trade and security issues. Soaring electricity demand necessitates the construction of 40-70 GW of new capacity per year, creating sustained financing challenges. While daunting, the challenge of meeting China's energy needs presents a wealth of opportunities, particularly in meeting demand through improved energy efficiency and other clean energy technologies. The China Energy Group at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is committed to understanding these opportunities, and to exploring their implications for policy and business. We work collaboratively with energy researchers, suppliers, regulators, and consumers in China and elsewhere to: better understand the dynamics of energy use in China. Our Research Focus Encompasses Three Major Areas: Buildings, Industry, and Cross-Cutting Activities. Buildings--working to promote energy-efficient buildings and energy-efficient equipment used in buildings. Current work includes promoting the design and use of minimum energy efficiency standards and energy labeling for appliances, and assisting in the development and implementation of building codes for energy-efficient residential and commercial/public buildings. Past work has included a China Residential Energy Consumption Survey and a study of the health impacts of rural household energy use. Industry--understanding China's industrial sector, responsible for the majority of energy consumption in China. Current work includes benchmarking China's major energy-consuming industries to world best practice, examining energy efficiency trends in China's steel and cement industries, implementing voluntary energy efficiency agreements in various industries, and developing a multi-year program for standards and for optimizing the industrial motor systems in China. Past work has included a comprehensive study of China's oil refining sector. Cross-Cutting--analysis and research focused on multisector, policy, and long-term development issues. Current cross-cutting policy and analysis research includes work on government procurement programs; energy service companies; a national energy policy assessment including the National Energy Strategy released by the government in early 2005; energy efficiency policy; an analysis of past trends in energy consumption in China as well as of future scenarios; and our China Energy Databook accompanied by chapter summaries and analysis of recent trends.

Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Sinton, Jonathan; Zhou,Nan; Aden, Nathaniel; Huang, Joe; Price, Lynn; McKane, Aimee T.

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

110

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

111

Hong-Cai (Joe) Zhou | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area.Portal SolarAbout Energy.gov

112

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes natural crude and shale oil. Source: China Energyincludes natural crude and shale oil. U Converted based onextraction Crude oil refining Shale oil production Total of

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasRefueling in China Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from geothermal and wind generators is negligible in thebeen so designated. Wind generators have also been used toand total capacity of all wind generator systems in China is

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report. Science Press,Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China’s CementEnergy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China’s Cement

Ke, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The China-in-Global Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors – including five ...

Qi, T.

117

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydrorevised over time and small hydro currently is defined asand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the world energy, industrial, trade, and economic scene.Development and Trade to China; led the Energy Policy Team,energy sources, like nuclear power and imported oil, raises trade

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andcan be measured using energy consumption per capita values.

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

China energy databook. Revision 2, 1992 edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Analysis Program at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues, we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US. In order to select appropriate data from what was available we established several criteria. Our primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system. A primary criterion was thus that the data relate to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and indicate probable developments (e.g., as indicated by patterns of investment). Other standards were accuracy, consistency with other information, and completeness of coverage. This is not to say that all the data presented herein are accurate, consistent, and complete, but where discrepancies and omissions do occur we have tried to note them.

Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Liu, Feng; Davis, W.B. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi [eds.] [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Table 18: Total Energy Consumption of China's Steelalmost doubled, but total energy consumption only increasedsources of total energy consumption data for China’s iron

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional Shares EastHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional SharesHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world’s largest annual CO 2 emitter in 2007, China has set reduction targets for energy and carbon intensities

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Impact Factors of Energy Intensity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity reflects energy usage efficiency in the production and consumption process, and leads to carbon dioxide emissions and the energy security of an economy. Liao et al. (2007) analyzed factors contribute to the fluctuation of China’s energy intensity from 1997 to 2006, and found that efficiency effects and structural effects are the major impacting factors. Therefore, they suggested that China should attach more importance to optimizing its sectoral structure, and lowering its investment ratio in the future. However, economic development and energy intensity are influenced by many factors. In their research, Liao et al. (2007) omitted some important contributing factors to energy intensities, and their suggestions also had some practical limitations. First of all, Liao et al. (2007) did not analyze impacts from energy prices in energy usage efficiency. In the existing literature, Birol and Keppler (2000) applied economics theory and suggested that higher energy prices can induce the improvements in energy usage efficiency, thereby lowering energy intensity. Hang and Tu (2007) studied the influence of energy price on the Chinese economy's energy intensity and their empirical results also showed that higher energy prices can lower energy intensity. Because energy prices have been regulated by the

unknown authors

127

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for SelectedChina’s Target for Energy Intensity Reduction in 2010: Angoal of reducing energy intensity, defined as energy

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cycle inventory for hydroelectric generation: a BrazilianChina currently has 15 hydroelectric projects of over 1 GWonly conventional large hydroelectric generation and does

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s reliance on grain-based fuel ethanol and its competitionanalysis of cassava-based fuel ethanol in China. ” Journalscale application of fuel ethanol in 1999 and continued

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-Biogas and Biomass Gasification Liquid Biofuels Bioethanolcombustion, biomass gasification and biomass co-fired coal

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in IEA Countries, IEA. [5] Sinton, J. , David F. , Mark L. ,15] Fridley D.G. , J.E. Sinton, J.I. Lewis, Zhou F.Q.. & LiPress, Cambridge: UK [3] Sinton, J. , 2001. “Changing Energy

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The Netherlands and Finland (11W/m˛). Heating and hot water consumption represent 2/3 of energy demand in buildings in China. The thermal performance and heating system efficiency need to be improved dramatically in order to contain the soaring... Efficiency Standard for New Residential Buildings in 1995, the average energy consumption for heating in China is about 90~100kWh/m˛a 3 which is still almost twice of that in Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands and Finland (40~50KWh/m˛a). Furthermore...

Li, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Progress and Effect of Energy-Saving Standards in China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the development of energy-saving standards in China, results of standards, and work highlights.

134

Development of the Geothermal Heat Pump Market in China; Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study is one in a series of Success Stories on developing renewable energy technologies in China for a business audience. It focuses on the development of the geothermal heat pump market in China.

Not Available

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were used to calculate the energy mix in manufacturing,of China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accurately

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

try. Calcium carbide and phosphorous intensities declined,total energy use Yellow phosphorous, total energy use W o ototal energy use Yellow phosphorous, total energy use Wood

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbonemissions (Summary)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China has ambitious goals for economic development, and mustfind ways to power the achievement of those goals that are bothenvironmentally and socially sustainable. Integration into the globaleconomy presents opportunities for technological improvement and accessto energy resources. China also has options for innovative policies andmeasures that could significantly alter the way energy is acquired andused. These opportunities andoptions, along with long-term social,demographic, and economic trends, will shape China s future energysystem, and consequently its contribution to emissions of greenhousegases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). In this study, entitled China sSustainable Energy Future: Scenarios of Energy and Carbon Emissions, theEnergy Research Institute (ERI), an independent analytic organizationunder China's Na tional Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), soughtto explore in detail how China could achieve the goals of the TenthFive-Year Plan and its longer term aims through a sustainable developmentstrategy. China's ability to forge a sustainable energy path has globalconsequences. China's annual emissions of greenhouse gases comprisenearly half of those from developing countries, and 12 percent of globalemissions. Most of China's greenhouse gas emissions are in the form ofCO2, 87 percent of which came from energy use in 2000. In that year,China's carbon emissions from energy use and cement production were 760million metric tons (Mt-C), second only to the 1,500 Mt-C emitted by theUS (CDIAC, 2003). As China's energy consumption continues to increase,greenhouse gas emissions are expected to inevitably increase into thefuture. However, the rate at which energy consumption and emissions willincrease can vary significantly depending on whether sustainabledevelopment is recognized as an important policy goal. If the ChineseGovernment chooses to adopt measures to enhance energy efficiency andimprove the overall structure of energy supply, it is possible thatfuture economic growth may be supported by a relatively lower increase inenergy consumption. Over the past 20 years, energy intensity in China hasbeen reduced partly through technological and structural changes; currentannual emissions may be as much as 600 Mt-C lower than they would havebeen without intensity improvements. China must take into account itsunique circumstances in considering how to achieve a sustainabledevelopment path. This study considers the feasibility of such anachievement, while remaining open to exploring avenues of sustainabledevelopment that may be very different from existing models. Threescenarios were prepared to assist the Chinese Government to explore theissues, options and uncertainties that it confronts in shaping asustainable development path compatible with China's uniquecircumstances. The Promoting Sustainability scenario offers a systematicand complete interpretation of the social and economic goals proposed inthe Tenth Five-Year Plan. The possibility that environmentalsustainability would receive low priority is covered in the OrdinaryEffort scenario. Aggressive pursuit of sustainable development measuresalong with rapid economic expansion is featured in the Green Growthscenario. The scenarios differ in the degree to which a common set ofenergy supply and efficiency policies are implemented. In cons ultationwith technology and policy experts domestically and abroad, ERI developedstrategic scenarios and quantified them using an energy accounting model.The scenarios consider, in unprecedented detail, changes in energy demandstructure and technology, as well as energy supply, from 1998 to 2020.The scenarios in this study are an important step in estimating realistictargets for energy efficiency and energy supply development that are inline with a sustainable development strategy. The scenarios also helpanalyze and explore ways in which China might slow growth in greenhousegas emissions. The key results have important policy implications:Depending on how demand for energy services is met, China could quadrupleits gross domesti

Zhou, Dadi; Levine, Mark; Dai, Yande; Yu, Cong; Guo, Yuan; Sinton, Jonathan E.; Lewis, Joanna I.; Zhu, Yuezhong

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shandong Economic and Trade Commission, Energy Saving Officecenter energy conservation plan exajoule Economic and TradeEconomic and Trade Commission (SETC), and the China Energy

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Central Chapter 2, Energy Production China Energy Databookyears. Chapter 2, Energy Production China Energy Databook1995 Chapter 2, Energy Production Table 2A.1.1. Primary

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dish stirling technology with a parabolic reflector, China has only recently started exploring small-scale solardish/stirling engines and line- focusing Fresnel reflect systems (Wang, 2010). 2.5 Remaining Challenges to Solar

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

51 Table 23. Biodiesel Producers by Productionexempt consumption tax on biodiesel. ” Reuters, 27 Decemberarticle/2010/12/27/us- china-biodiesel-idUSTRE6BQ2EM20101227

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exploring small-scale solar tower demonstration project andfilm PV cells, and CSP solar tower. Figure 3. Map of China'sCSP technologies such as solar towers and parabolic troughs.

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimating total offshore wind potential of 200 GW (Cheung,most of this offshore wind potential is located off China’sConstraints A potential resource constrain for wind power is

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withthe industrial sector primary energy consumption was 1,416of China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Industrial energy efficiency policy in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chinese industrial sector energy-efficiency policy has gone through a number of distinct phases since the founding of the People s Republic in 1949. An initial period of energy supply growth in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s was followed by implementation of significant energy efficiency programs in the 1980s. Many of these programs were dismantled in the 1990s during the continuing move towards a market-based economy. In an effort to once again strengthen energy efficiency, the Chinese government passes the Energy Conservation Law in 1997 which provides broad guidance for the establishment of energy efficiency policies. Article 20 of the Energy Conservation Law requires substantial improvement in industrial energy efficiency in the key energy-consuming industrial facilities in China. This portion of the Law declares that ''the State will enhance energy conservation management in key energy consuming entities.'' In 1999, the industrial sector consumed nearly 30 EJ, or 76 percent of China's primary energy. Even though primary energy consumption has dropped dramatically in recent years, due mostly to a decline in coal consumption, the Chinese government is still actively developing an overall policy for energy efficiency in the industrial sector modeled after policies in a number of industrialized countries. This paper will describe recent Chinese government activities to develop industrial sector energy-efficiency targets as a ''market-based'' mechanism for improving the energy efficiency of key industrial facilities.

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Sinton, Jonathan; Yun, Jiang

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

What can be learned from sequential multi-well pumping tests in fracture-karst media? A case study in Zhangji, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Zhangji, China Jiazhong Qian & Hongbin Zhan & Jianfeng Wu & Zhou Chen Abstract A fracture-karst aquifer

Zhan, Hongbin

147

China Innovation Investment Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo,ChinaChina

148

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source AAGRFuel Wind Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source SharesFuel Wind Total Final Energy Consumption by Region Mtce East

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Consumption Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Nuclear Fuel Total Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel SharesNuclear Fuel Total Final Energy Consumption by Region (1995-

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source AAGRFuel Wind Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source SharesPrimary Energy Production per Capita (2009) tce/capita Electricity Consumption

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

An Anatomy of China's Energy Insecurity and Its Strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China’s energy insecurity largely originates from its constrained availability, questionable reliability, and uncertain affordability of its oil supplies. The country’s fast industrialization and urbanization, together with demand for infrastructure and increasing popularity of automobiles, requires a lot of energy, but it consumes energy both intensively and inefficiently, threatening the environmental well-being of China and its neighbors. China’s risk aversion and poor energy policy making system further magnifies its perceptions of the low availability, reliability and affordability of oil imports, which further compounds its sense of energy insecurity. Distrustful of the market, and suspicious of other major energy players in the international market, the Chinese leadership relies on the state-centered approach, or economic nationalism, rather than a market approach to enhance its energy security. However, the country lacks not only an energy policy making system that can make and implement sound energy policies but also an energy market that relies on market prices to allocate energy resources efficiently. As a result of this domestic failure, China has pushed its national flagship companies to undertake a global scavenger hunt for energy while muddling along a messy road of energy reform at home. Setbacks in acquiring new sources of oil have validated the Chinese leadership’s belief that the international oil market is not free and China’s access to international oil is not guaranteed through the market. China’s problems in the international energy market are also perceived as evidence of attempts to prevent China from exerting international influence. China’s leadership is convinced that China should focus on areas where western capital is not heavily concentrated or where western influences are weak. With the recent revaluation of Chinese currency and growing economy, China has both the wherewithal and appetite to acquire more oil assets abroad. Both China and the United States stand at a critical juncture of history where China’s rise depends on reliable energy supplies which it increasingly imports from abroad and where the growing wealth of the United States is increasingly dependent upon China’s success. If China does not have energy security it’s 1.3 billion fuel-starved people will prevent the rest of the world from achieving energy security.

Kong, Bo

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s decline in energy intensity? Resource and Energy2000. Energy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. ChemicalProduction Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1993 National Renewable Energy Production Capacities, End of11-32. National Renewable Energy Production Capacities, End

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001. Zhongguo Qiche Gongye Nianjian (China Automotive Guideto the China Energy Databook, Distribution Version IndustryEditorial Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook.

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China’s CementEnergy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China’s Cementenergy savings and CO2 emission reduction potentials are

Ke, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Clean coal. U.S.-China cooperation in energy security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work discusses how coal fits into the strategies of the USA and China to attain energy security while avoiding adverse environmental impacts. It begins by describing China's policy choices for clean coal, before discussing the implications of a clean coal strategy for China. The U.S. choices in a coal-based strategy of energy security is then covered. Finally, a joint US-China clean coal strategy, including the technology sharing option, is discussed.

Wendt, D.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AAGR Total Primary Energy (Mtce) Coal Production (1985-2009)Physical Unit to Coal Equivalent For this energy form 1Total Primary Energy Supply Coke Coal Gas not Coke Other

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AAGR EJ Total Primary Energy (Mtce) Coal Production (1985-AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal Oil Naturalby Fuel Shares Coal Oil Natural Gas Energy-Related CO 2

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GDP, 1970-1993 5. Total Energy Consumption by Sector forUrban Rural 3. Total Energy Consumption f Shares Year Mtceor about 6% of total energy consumption in 1992 (including

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1989-1992 2. World Primary Commercial Energy Consumption, byLX-2. World Primary Commercial Energy Consumption by RegionLX-2. World Primary Commercial Energy Consumption by Region

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Consumption Total Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Nuclear Fuel Total Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel SharesPrimary Energy Production per Capita (2008) tce per capita Electricity Consumption

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Primary Energy Production per GDP (2008) tce/thousandTotal Primary Energy Production per GDP (PPP*) tce/thousand2008) Energy-Related CO 2 Emissions per GDP (2008) kg CO 2 /

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Energy Consumed per Unit GDP, 1970-1993 5. TotalCommercial Energy Consumption per Unit GDP, 1970-1993 * 1.Commercial Energy Consumption per Unit GDP, 1970-1993 * (

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China andof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L ABORATORY China Energy Efficiency Round Robin TestingNeed to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Energy Consumingfor Implementing the China Energy Efficiency Label System (

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Total Primary Energy Supply Indigenous Production Indigenous Production - Hydro PowerDiesel Oil Fuel Oil Mt Mt Mt Mt Mt Total Primary Energy Supply Indigenous Production Indigenous Production - Hydro Power

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Total Primary Energy Supply Indigenous Production Indigenous Production - Hydro PowerDiesel Oil Fuel Oil Total Primary Energy Supply Indigenous Production Indigenous Production - Hydro Power

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Alternative Energy Technology . 75Figure 25. Range in Alternative Energy EROEIs in Existingof Energy Output for Alternative Energy Development, 2010-

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Environmental Stewardship: How Semiconductor Suppliers Help to Meet Energy-Efficiency Regulations and Voluntary Specifications in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

various years. Energy Information Administration. China:html. Energy Information Administration. Internationalchina.htm Energy Information Administration, China: Envi-

Aizhen, Li; Fanara, Andrew; Fridley, David; Merriman, Louise; Ju, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1992 12. End Use Electricity Consumption by Sector, 1992 13.Sources) Per Capita Electricity Consumption, 1990 EnergyUrban Rural 2. Electricity Consumption Shares Year Urban TWh

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Others Total Total Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional SharesEnergy Production (Mtce) AAGR Coal Raw Crude Oil Primary

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China View. 2009. China’s energy intensity down 2.9% in Q1:demand at constant energy intensity, 1980–2006. Source: NBS,percent reduction in energy intensity (defined as energy use

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Modeling China's energy future Pat DeLaquil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling China's energy future Pat DeLaquil Clean Energy Commercialization, 1816 Crosspointe Drive, renewables, and coal gasification-based energy supply technologies, can enable China to meet economic), and (3) coal gasification technolo- gies co-producing electricity and clean liquid and gaseous energy

174

Energy efficiency opportunities in China. Industrial equipment and small cogeneration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quick glance at comparative statistics on energy consumption per unit of industrial output reveals that China is one of the least energy efficient countries in the world. Energy waste not only impedes economic growth, but also creates pollution that threatens human health, regional ecosystems, and the global climate. China`s decision to pursue economic reform and encourage technology transfer from developed countries has created a window of opportunity for significant advances in energy efficiency. Policy changes, technical training, public education, and financing can help China realize its energy conservation potential.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Editorial Board of National Rural Energy Planning. 1990.Nengyuan Guihua (National Rural Energy Planning). Beijing:Committee of the China Rural Energy Yearbook. 1999. China

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production, 1993 3. Crude Oil Production, 1993 4. Naturaland fall of Chinese oil production in the 1980s, in Energy1980-1992 13. Crude Oil Production by Oilfield, 1950-1994^

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use in Electricity Generation Chapter IV, Energy ConsumptionIV-6 away from domestic use to fertilizer production and electricity generation.electricity generation for 1980-1984. Table IV-29. Total Oil

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more expensive than coal and energy security concerns ofPetroleum Input Coal Input Total Energy Input EROEI Per MJOutput Efficiency Coal Electricity Total Energy Water (tons/

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Water Heater Geothermal energy Biomass Pellets mil m2an increasingly important geothermal energy user in the lastin direct use of geothermal energy through ground source

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of total primary energy consumption was also announced forenergy in total primary energy consumption to 10% by 2010coal in total primary energy consumption as well as slightly

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 2005 Renewable Energy Law The unprecedented growth ofhighlights that growth in renewable energy development inthe fastest growth of 106% in renewable energy capacity from

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in HPC Affects Oil Security Jordan WILSON Researcher, StudyChina’s energy security challenge briefly, an oil deficit ofOil Weapon: Myth of China’s Vulnerability,” China Security,

WILSON, Jordan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 Table 17. Uranium Ore Mining and Milling Energy Intensity45 Table 20. Energy Intensity for Nuclear Fuel Cycleset out to reduce its energy intensity as defined by energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kai. Motor System Energy Efficiency Practical Guide [M].products in ChinaEnergy efficiency standards and labelingWhite Paper – Energy Efficiency Status of Energy- Using

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy source and with abundant solar resources inEnergy Generation and Sources 2005 Actual Wind Solar Biomasssources of non- fossil electricity generation including wind, solar, hydro, nuclear and geothermal, renewable energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5.16 EJ in 2009. Primary energy consumption This article wasconsumption (EJ) Primary energy consumption Figure 2. China’that China’s total primary energy consumption will rise

Ke, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy Consumption:10. China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy: Sectoral16 Table 11. China's 2008 CO 2 Emissions from Energy:

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fall in China's coal use and energy intensity after 1995 wasLPG is a major energy source, while coal and electricity arewas the dominance of coal in the energy structure. From 51%

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources of non- fossil electricity generation including wind, solar, hydro, nuclear and geothermal, renewable energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Building Energy in China: Forward to Low-Carbon Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Energy in China: Forward to Low- Carbon Economy Prof. LONG Weiding Tongji University - 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Oct. 20-22, 2008 Berlin, Germany ESL-IC-08-10-06 Proceedings of the Eighth... International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 - Interrlational Status and Trends of Building Energy in China Contents Status and Trends of GHG Mitigation in China On-going Projects for Low-Carbon Building...

Weiding, L.

192

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After over two decades of staggering economic growth and soaring energy demand, China has started taking serious actions to reduce its economic energy and carbon intensity by setting short and medium-term intensity reduction targets, renewable generation targets and various supporting policies and programs. In better understanding how further policies and actions can be taken to shape China's future energy and emissions trajectory, it is important to first identify where the largest opportunities for efficiency gains and emission reduction lie from sectoral and end-use perspectives. Besides contextualizing China's progress towards reaching the highest possible efficiency levels through the adoption of the most advanced technologies from a bottom-up perspective, the actual economic costs and benefits of adopting efficiency measures are also assessed in this study. This study presents two modeling methodologies that evaluate both the technical and economic potential of raising China's efficiency levels to the technical maximum across sectors and the subsequent carbon and energy emission implications through 2030. The technical savings potential by efficiency measure and remaining gap for improvements are identified by comparing a reference scenario in which China continues the current pace of with a Max Tech scenario in which the highest technically feasible efficiencies and advanced technologies are adopted irrespective of costs. In addition, from an economic perspective, a cost analysis of selected measures in the key industries of cement and iron and steel help quantify the actual costs and benefits of achieving the highest efficiency levels through the development of cost of conserved energy curves for the sectors. The results of this study show that total annual energy savings potential of over one billion tonne of coal equivalent exists beyond the expected reference pathway under Max Tech pathway in 2030. CO2 emissions will also peak earlier under Max Tech, though the 2020s is a likely turning point for both emission trajectories. Both emission pathways must meet all announced and planned policies, targets and non-fossil generation targets, or an even wider efficiency gap will exist. The savings potential under Max Tech varies by sector, but the industrial sector appears to hold the largest energy savings and emission reduction potential. The primary source of savings is from electricity rather than fuel, and electricity savings are magnified by power sector decarbonization through increasing renewable generation and coal generation efficiency improvement. In order to achieve the maximum energy savings and emission reduction potential, efficiency improvements and technology switching must be undertaken across demand sectors as well as in the growing power sector. From an economic perspective, the cost of conserved energy analysis indicates that nearly all measures for the iron and steel and cement industry are cost-effective. All 23 efficiency measures analyzed for the cement industry are cost-effective, with combined CO2 emission reduction potential of 448 Mt CO2. All of the electricity savings measures in the iron and steel industry are cost-effective, but the cost-effective savings potential for fuel savings measures is slightly lower than total technical savings potential. The total potential savings from these measures confirm the magnitude of savings in the scenario models, and illustrate the remaining efficiency gap in the cement and iron and steel industries.

Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Ke, Jing; Hasanbeigi, Ali; Morrow, Bill; Price, Lynn

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

China's Energy Management System Program for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org Waste Heat Recovery in Cement – Market Status 4 5 7 15 24 9 12 24 26 739 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Rest of World Americas Europe Mid East Other Asia Pakistan Thailand Japan India China...MS Implementation guidance for Thermal Power – EnMS Implementation guidance for Coke – EnMS Implementation guidance Plate Coal Industry – M&V guidance on energy performance • 2015 – EnMS Implementation guidance for Paper – EnMS Implementation guidance...

Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

HydroChina Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard"Starting a new pageHuadeHydroChina Corporation

195

Category:China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWind Farm JumpBLM) Lease.China" The

196

GC China Turbine Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. To create aGA SNC Solar JumpGC China

197

China Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo,China Geothermal

198

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industry Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s Largestone-to-one ratio of energy consumption to GDP – given China’goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20%

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy Efficiency of MIMO Transmission Strategies in Wireless Sensor Networks Huaiyu Dai, Liang Xiao, and Quan Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency of MIMO Transmission Strategies in Wireless Sensor Networks Huaiyu Dai, Liang in the link adaptation study. Keywords: Cooperative MIMO, Energy Efficiency, MIMO Transmission, Mobile Agent, Sensor Network, Spectral Efficiency, Virtual MIMO, Wideband Regime. #12;Energy Efficiency of MIMO

Dai, Huaiyu

200

China’s R&D for Energy Efficient Buildings: Insights for U.S. Cooperation with China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report includes an evaluation of China’s current activities and future direction in building energy efficiency R&D and its relevance to DOE’s R&D activities under the Building Technologies Program in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The researchers reviewed the major R&D programs in China including the so-called 973 Program, the 863 Program, and the Key Technology R&D Program1 as well as the research activities of major research institutes. The report also reviewed several relevant documents of the Chinese government, websites (including the International Energy Agency and national and local governments in China), newsletters, and financial information listed in the program documents and websites.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total national electricity consumption in China reached1. The share of electricity consumption for China energy-in 2010 2 The electricity consumption of 21 energy-using

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy Association (BWEA), 2005, “BWEA Briefing Sheet: Wind Turbineturbines with expected annual production capacity of 450 MW (Xinhua, 2011c). 3.5 Remaining Challenges for Wind Energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development and transmission planning between the State Council, State Electricity Regulatory Council, grid companies, renewable energy developers and local

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar,

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% between20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010. China'sincrease in energy use per unit of GDP after 2002 following

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Storage-aware Smartphone Energy Savings David T. Nguyen , Gang Zhou , Xin Qi , Ge Peng , Jianing Zhao , Tommy Nguyen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this paper, we investigate the direct impact of smartphone storage techniques on total energy consumption find which and how each stor- age component contributes to the total energy consumption. Different and introduce energy-efficient approaches to reduce energy consumption. We evaluate power degradation at several

Zhou, Gang

207

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010. 16. Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE).Report on Industrial Energy Efficiency in China: AchievementReview of Industrial Energy Efficiency in “11th Five- Year

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research and development of energy efficient technology haveactively encouraged, energy efficient products have beenas a whole and energy efficient technology in both China and

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report details the current and future state of the energy industry in China. It is intended for strategists and researchers seeking to identify market potential for their products and services in all sectors of the China energy industry. The report is in 4 Sections: Overview of China Energy Market; Market Analysis; Market Segments (including electricity and coal); and Breaking into theMmarket. China's economic trajectory has driven its expanding energy needs, and it is now the world's second largest energy consumer behind the United States. China's energy sector has enormous potential, especially the coal, petroleum and natural gas industries, yet China is currently a net importer of oil, and imports are expected to increase to more than 900 million barrels in 2006, against a total demand of 1.993 billion barrels per year. China is looking to expand its production of coal, natural gas, and renewable energy sources such as nuclear, solar and hydroelectric power to meet the enormous appetite for energy spawned by its massive industrial complex and consumer sectors. It is estimated that in 2020, China will need 2.8 billion tons of coal and 600 million tons of crude oil, two and a half times more than in 2000.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

China Integrated Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy ResourcesEnergy Jump

211

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of thermosiphon solar water heaters. ” Solar Energy 83: 39-2011e, “Shoddy solar water heaters threaten reputation. ”54 Outlook of Solar Water Heaters in the Residential

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

findings from various nuclear plant construction lifecycle2011c, “New nuclear power plants ‘set to be approved. ’”energy implications of nuclear power plants but the results

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

China energy, environment, and climate study: Background issues paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The total costs and impacts of expanding energy use in China will depend, in part, on a number of important factors, an understanding of which is vital for China's policy-makers. These issues include the additional environmental and public health impacts associated with energy use, the economic costs of infrastructure expansion to meet growing energy needs, and the potential role that renewable energy technologies could play if pushed hard in China's energy future. This short report summarizes major trends and issues in each of these three areas.

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.; Logan, Jeffrey; Guo, Yuan; Wang, Bangcheng; Xu, Qing

2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and solar. Source: IEA, 2000. Chapter 9, International Comparisons ChinaChina Energy Databook 7.0 Table 2B.28. Renewable Energy Production Technology Solarsolar/wind. Source: IEA, 2007. Chapter 9, International Comparisons China

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uranium ore mining techniques: underground excavation, open- pit mininguranium is already dissolved, milling is not required and there is a lower energy requirement compared to underground and open-pit mining.

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Olefin.. 68 9.3 Coal-to-Gas .. 68 Comparative Analysis of Alternative Energy Technologies Potential 69 10.1 Naturalolefin. Coal-to-methanol For methanol production from alternative fuels, coal or natural gas

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

National Energy Commission (China) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3Informationof EnergyNapaInformationand ReformNational

218

US-China Energy Efficiency Forum | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energyof Energy8,NovemberUS Tier 2 BinChina Energy

219

4th U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The U.S. Department of Energy and China's National Development and Reform Commission held the annual U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum (EEF) this past September in Arlington, VA. The day-long event featured keynotes from DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Assistant Secretary Dr. David Danielson, U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change Todd Stern, and NDRC Vice Chairman Xie Zhenhua.

220

Energy Landscape and Transition State of Protein-Protein Association Ramzi Alsallaq and Huan-Xiang Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Landscape and Transition State of Protein-Protein Association Ramzi Alsallaq and Huan as well as the transition state for association. The energy landscape is funnel-like, with the deep well and rotational freedom. Echoing the protein folding process, we have previously proposed a transition state

Weston, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Prediction of Protein Solubility from Calculation of Transfer Free Energy Harianto Tjong and Huan-Xiang Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction of Protein Solubility from Calculation of Transfer Free Energy Harianto Tjong and Huan transfer free energy from the condensed phase to the solution phase was found to predict reasonably well to develop theoretical methods for predicting protein relative and abso- lute solubility. Such methods may

Weston, Ken

222

Beijing, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine:Barbers PointEnergyJingneng Energy Technology CoInformation

223

Guangdong, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net Jump to:EnergyEnergy°Guadeloupe:

224

Hebei, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer CountyCorridorPart A PermitValles Caldera,

225

Baoding, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCT BiomassArnprior,AurantiaBanburyBankInvest TechnologyBaoding,

226

Guangzhou, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy ResourcesNewsInformationFeatured

227

US-China Renewable Energy Forum | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energyof Energy8,NovemberUS Tier 2 BinChina

228

U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and1TeleworkAgriculture U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements

229

U.S.-China Clean Energy Fora | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and1TeleworkAgriculture U.S.-China Clean Energy

230

Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(Monaster And Coolbaugh, 2007) Jump to:Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration CoJump

231

Wuxi, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEditWisconsin: EnergyEdison, NJWorldWrayWuhan

232

Jiangsu, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJerome is a villageJiangsu Sunrain

233

An overview of energy supply and demand in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although China is a poor country, with much of its population still farming for basic subsistence in rural villages, China is rich in energy resources. With the world`s largest hydropower potential, and ranking third behind the US and USSR in coal reserves, China is in a better position than many other developing countries when planning for its future energy development and self-sufficiency. China is now the third largest producer and consumer of commercial energy, but its huge populace dilutes this impressive aggregate performance into a per capita figure which is an order of magnitude below the rich industrialized nations. Despite this fact, it is still important to recognize that China`s energy system is still one of the largest in the world. A system this size allows risk taking and can capture economies of scale. The Chinese have maintained rapid growth in energy production for several decades. In order to continue and fully utilize its abundant resources however, China must successfully confront development challenges in many areas. For example, the geographic distribution of consumption centers poorly matches the distribution of resources, which makes transportation a vital but often weak link in the energy system. Another example -- capital -- is scarce relative to labor, causing obsolete and inefficiently installed technology to be operated well beyond what would be considered its useful life in the West. Major improvements in industrial processes, buildings, and other energy-using equipment and practices are necessary if China`s energy efficiency is to continue to improve. Chinese energy planners have been reluctant to invest in environmental quality at the expense of more tangible production quotas.

Liu, F.; Davis, W.B.; Levine, M.D.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sites/china.lbl.gov/files/LBNL-3939E.pdf China Daily.2010. “China to subsidize 150m energy-efficient bulbs” JuneR. and Kang, A. , 2008. China's Booming Energy Efficiency

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a result of soaring energy demand from a staggering pace of economic expansion and the related growth of energy-intensive industry, China overtook the United States to become the world's largest contributor to CO{sub 2} emissions in 2007. At the same time, China has taken serious actions to reduce its energy and carbon intensity by setting both a short-term energy intensity reduction goal for 2006 to 2010 as well as a long-term carbon intensity reduction goal for 2020. This study presents a China Energy Outlook through 2050 that assesses the role of energy efficiency policies in transitioning China to a lower emission trajectory and meeting its intensity reduction goals. Over the past few years, LBNL has established and significantly enhanced its China End-Use Energy Model which is based on the diffusion of end-use technologies and other physical drivers of energy demand. This model presents an important new approach for helping understand China's complex and dynamic drivers of energy consumption and implications of energy efficiency policies through scenario analysis. A baseline ('Continued Improvement Scenario') and an alternative energy efficiency scenario ('Accelerated Improvement Scenario') have been developed to assess the impact of actions already taken by the Chinese government as well as planned and potential actions, and to evaluate the potential for China to control energy demand growth and mitigate emissions. In addition, this analysis also evaluated China's long-term domestic energy supply in order to gauge the potential challenge China may face in meeting long-term demand for energy. It is a common belief that China's CO{sub 2} emissions will continue to grow throughout this century and will dominate global emissions. The findings from this research suggest that this will not necessarily be the case because saturation in ownership of appliances, construction of residential and commercial floor area, roadways, railways, fertilizer use, and urbanization will peak around 2030 with slowing population growth. The baseline and alternative scenarios also demonstrate that China's 2020 goals can be met and underscore the significant role that policy-driven energy efficiency improvements will play in carbon mitigation along with a decarbonized power supply through greater renewable and non-fossil fuel generation.

Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David; McNeil, Michael; Zheng, Nina; Ke, Jing; Levine, Mark

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

share of per capita plastics demand, and net imports. China’production = Per capita primary plastic demand = Totalpopulation = Primary plastic demand to ethylene demand ratio

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Song Chen Abstract This paper examines the effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption of energy policies, including environmental protection policies, policies that promote technological

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

238

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies have significant impacts on diesel oil, gasoline and natural gas consumption. However, some energy The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Song Chen Abstract This paper examines the effects of energy policies in China on energy

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

239

Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interprovincial migration flows involve substantial relocation of people and productive activity, with implications for regional energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. In China, these flows are not explicitly considered ...

Luo, Xiaohu

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, I examine the spatial and economic factors that influence energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector, namely industrial value added, renovation investment, coke consumption, and local coke supply. ...

Xu, Jingsi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Issues Solicitation to...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

-China Clean Energy Research Center Issues Solicitation to Address the Energy-Water Nexus U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Issues Solicitation to Address the Energy-Water...

242

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and theGJ/t crude steel Primary Energy Intensity* kgce/t GJ/t crudeChina U.S. Final Energy Intensity No. 5b Scenarios Country

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Energy use and CO2 emissions of China’s industrial sector from a global perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial sector has accounted for more than 50% of China’s final energy consumption in the past 30 years. Understanding the future emissions and emissions mitigation opportunities depends on proper characterization of the present-day industrial energy use, as well as industrial demand drivers and technological opportunities in the future. Traditionally, however, integrated assessment research has handled the industrial sector of China in a highly aggregate form. In this study, we develop a technologically detailed, service-oriented representation of 11 industrial subsectors in China, and analyze a suite of scenarios of future industrial demand growth. We find that, due to anticipated saturation of China’s per-capita demands of basic industrial goods, industrial energy demand and CO2 emissions approach a plateau between 2030 and 2040, then decrease gradually. Still, without emissions mitigation policies, the industrial sector remains heavily reliant on coal, and therefore emissions-intensive. With carbon prices, we observe some degree of industrial sector electrification, deployment of CCS at large industrial point sources of CO2 emissions at low carbon prices, an increase in the share of CHP systems at industrial facilities. These technological responses amount to reductions of industrial emissions (including indirect emission from electricity) are of 24% in 2050 and 66% in 2095.

Zhou, Sheng; Kyle, G. Page; Yu, Sha; Clarke, Leon E.; Eom, Jiyong; Luckow, Patrick W.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Zhang, Xiliang; Edmonds, James A.

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Understanding about Energy Audit,” Energy Conservation2009. “China Enterprise Energy Audits: Current Status andReviewing Enterprise Energy Audit Report and Energy Saving

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Synthesis Report on the Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China building energy code and details to help improve building energy efficiency at global, national and local levels

Shui, Bin; Haiyan, Lin; Congu, Yu; Halverson, Mark A.; Bo, Song; Jingru, Liu; Evans, Meredydd; Xiajiao, Zhu; Siwei, Lang

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Enforcing Building Energy Codes in China: Progress and Comparative Lessons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 1995 to 2005, building energy use in China increased more rapidly than the world average. China has been adding 0.4 to 1.6 billion square meters of floor space annually , making it the world’s largest market for new construction. In fact, by 2020, China is expected to comprise half of all new construction. In response to this, China has begun to make important steps towards achieving building energy efficiency, including the implementation of building energy standards that requires new buildings to be 65% more efficient than buildings from the early 1980s. Making progress on reducing building energy use requires both a comprehensive code and a robust enforcement system. The latter – the enforcement system – is a particularly critical component for assuring that a building code has an effect. China has dramatically enhanced its enforcement system in the past two years, with more detailed requirements for ensuring enforcement and new penalties for non-compliance. We believe that the U.S. and other developed countries could benefit from learning about the multiple checks and the documentation required in China. Similarly, some of the more user-friendly enforcement approaches developed in the U.S. and elsewhere may be useful for China as it strives to improve enforcement in rural and smaller communities. In this article, we provide context to China’s building codes enforcement system by comparing it to the U.S. Among some of the enforcement mechanisms we look at are testing and rating procedures, compliance software, and training and public information.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Halverson, Mark A.; Delgado, Alison

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Research on Commercial Patterns of China Existing Building Energy Retrofit Based on Energy Management Contract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existing building energy retrofit is one of the keys of building energy efficiency in China. According to experience in developed countries, implementation of energy management contract (EMC) is crucial to promote existing building energy retrofit...

Han, Z.; Liu, C.; Sun, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, OfficeDepartmentDepartment ofU.S.-China Clean

249

US-China Clean Energy Fora | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy,UCOR ContractStorageGrid ImplementationUS-China

250

China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo,China

251

An overview of energy supply and demand in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although China is a poor country, with much of its population still farming for basic subsistence in rural villages, China is rich in energy resources. With the world's largest hydropower potential, and ranking third behind the US and USSR in coal reserves, China is in a better position than many other developing countries when planning for its future energy development and self-sufficiency. China is now the third largest producer and consumer of commercial energy, but its huge populace dilutes this impressive aggregate performance into a per capita figure which is an order of magnitude below the rich industrialized nations. Despite this fact, it is still important to recognize that China's energy system is still one of the largest in the world. A system this size allows risk taking and can capture economies of scale. The Chinese have maintained rapid growth in energy production for several decades. In order to continue and fully utilize its abundant resources however, China must successfully confront development challenges in many areas. For example, the geographic distribution of consumption centers poorly matches the distribution of resources, which makes transportation a vital but often weak link in the energy system. Another example -- capital -- is scarce relative to labor, causing obsolete and inefficiently installed technology to be operated well beyond what would be considered its useful life in the West. Major improvements in industrial processes, buildings, and other energy-using equipment and practices are necessary if China's energy efficiency is to continue to improve. Chinese energy planners have been reluctant to invest in environmental quality at the expense of more tangible production quotas.

Liu, F.; Davis, W.B.; Levine, M.D.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used to model the total energy consumption and potentialscenario, the total energy consumption of each appliance (is higher than China’s total energy consumption in Continued

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used to model the total energy consumption and potentialscenario, the total energy consumption of each appliance (than China’s total energy consumption in 2009. Continued

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would restrict trade of high energy- consuming processing,Economic and Trade Commission (SETC), and the China Energy

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The China Motor Systems Energy Conservation Program: A major national initiative to reduce motor system energy use in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric motor systems are widely used in China to power fans, pumps, blowers, air compressors, refrigeration compressors, conveyers, machinery, and many other types of equipment. Overall, electric motor systems consume more than 600 billion kWh annually, accounting for more than 50 percent of China's electricity use. There are large opportunities to improve the efficiency of motor systems. Electric motors in China are approximately 2-4 percent less efficient on average than motors in the U.S. and Canada. Fans and pumps in China are approximately 3-5 percent less efficient than in developed countries. Even more importantly, motors, fans, pumps, air compressors and other motor-driven equipment are frequently applied with little attention to system efficiency. More optimized design, including appropriate sizing and use of speed control strategies, can reduce energy use by 20 percent or more in many applications. Unfortunately, few Chinese enterprises use or even know about these energy-saving practices. Opportunities for motor system improvements are probably greater in China than in the U.S. In order to begin capturing these savings, China is establishing a China Motor Systems Energy Conservation Program. Elements of this program include work to develop minimum efficiency standards for motors, a voluntary ''green motor'' labeling program for high-efficiency motors, efforts to develop and promote motor system management guidelines, and a training, technical assistance and financing program to promote optimization of key motor systems.

Nadel, Steven; Wang, Wanxing; Liu, Peter; McKane, Aimee T.

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a dramatic scaling up of alternative energy technologies inChina’s original alternative energy goal was to achieve 15%near-term deployment of alternative energy sources in China.

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coal Raw Mtce FIGURE 1 Coal dominates energy consumption in=1 Mtce Total Energy Consumption Coal Consumption Constantthe dominant use of coal in China’s energy system from 1950

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Evaluation of Energy Intensity per GDP Indicators (???and Evaluation of Energy Intensity Reduction and Pollutionto improve its energy intensity. In China, industrial energy

Shen, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A U.S. and China Regional Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Gao. 2011. China Renewable Energy Industry DevelopmentGolden CO: National Renewable Energy Resource LaboratoryDOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. 2012. Buildings

Feng, Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kg (30.451 MJ/kg) cleaned coal, energy consumption is 97.32As a result, the overall coal energy use in China is reducedAs a result, the overall coal energy use in China is reduced

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China andan effect on the primary energy consumption level and hence

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

An Integrated Assessment of China’s Wind Energy Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models seeking to evaluate the impacts of electricity policy face difficulties incorporating detail on the variable nature of renewable energy resources. To improve the accuracy of ...

Zhang, D.

263

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometrics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has ...

Shi, Xiaoyu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on biomass for rural energy consumption as discussed aboverural China, total rural primary energy use is only 1.84EJ,Biomass is the major energy in rural areas. For lighting, an

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometric study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., physical energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product ...

Shi, Xiaoyu, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

APPLICATION OF A HYBRID MODEL TO EXPLORE ENERGY EMISSIONS ABATEMENT POLICIES IN CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF A HYBRID MODEL TO EXPLORE ENERGY EMISSIONS ABATEMENT POLICIES IN CHINA by Jianjun Tu: Application of a Hybrid Model to Explore Energy Emissions Abatement Policies in China Project No. 360

267

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to China’s sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), a coal or fossil ...

Zhang, D.

268

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oliver, H.H. et. al. 2009. “China’s Fuel Economy Standardset. al. , 2009. Figure 30 China's Fuel Economy Standards forGermany. Bradsher, K. 2009. “China Vies to be World’s Leader

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Wavelength tunability of ion-bombardment-induced ripples on sapphire Hua Zhou, Yiping Wang, Lan Zhou, and Randall L. Headrick*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zhou, and Randall L. Headrick* Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405

Headrick, Randall L.

270

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forthcoming. Industrial Energy Audit Guidebook: Guidelines2009. “China Enterprise Energy Audits: Current Status andOverview of Enterprise Energy Audits, August 21, 2006.

Shen, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy-efficiency information and best practices. This358) and best practices on energy efficiency improvement ?best practices. Keywords: China, Industrial Energy Efficiency,

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

China's Energy Economy: A Survey of the Literature by Hengyun Ma and Les Oxley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

largest oil importer in the world. China's primary energy consumption reached 1863.4 million tonnes oil Figure 2 that the global shares of primary energy consumption were only 6.3% for China and as high as 28.6% for the USA in 1978. However, China's global share of primary energy consumption soared to 16.8%, in 2007

Hickman, Mark

273

Sustainable energy in china: the closing window of opportunity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's remarkable economic growth has been supported by a generally adequate and relatively low-cost supply of energy, creating the world's largest coal industry, its second-largest oil market, and an eclectic power business that is adding capacity at an unprecedented rate. If energy requirements continue to double every decade, China will not be able to meet the energy demands of the present without seriously compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own energy needs. This title uses historical data from 1980 and alternative scenarios through 2020 to assess China's future energy requirements and the resources to meet them. It calls for a high-level commitment to develop and implement an integrated, coordinated, and comprehensive energy policy. The authors recommend eight building blocks to reduce energy consumption growth well below the targeted rate of economic growth, to use national resources on an economically and environmentally sound basis, and to establish a robust energy system that can better ensure the security of a diverse supply of competitively priced energy forms. Sustainability calls for persistence of effort, greater reliance on advanced energy technologies, and better standards enforcement. Achieving these goals will require policy initiatives that restrict demand and create a 'resources-conscious society', reconcile energy needs with environmental imperatives, rationalize pricing, and tackle supply security. While the challenges are daunting, China has a unique opportunity to position itself as a world leader in the application of cutting-edge energy developments to create a sustainable energy sector effectively supporting a flourishing economy and society.

Fei Feng; Roland Priddle; Leiping Wang; Noureddine Berrah

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

breakdown of electricity consumption for typical energy-total national electricity consumption in China was 4.6928year-on-year. The electricity consumption of the 22 energy-

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Does energy follow urban form? : an examination of neighborhoods and transport energy use in Jinan, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the impacts of neighborhood form and location on household transportation energy use in the context of Jinan, China. From a theoretical perspective, energy use is a derived outcome of activities, and ...

Jiang, Yang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of EnergyofProject is on Track |Weatherized| DepartmentDepartmentU.S.-China

277

Communication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but scarce oil and natural gas. Adapting to such limitations, it has developed a chemical industry, with the rest coming from natural gas (Peng, 2011). Methanol is commonly used to produce formaldehyde, methylCommunication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy and the environment

Jackson, Robert B.

278

China To Build Its Own Fusion Reactor ENERGY TECH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project reached agreement in Moscow Tuesday to construct the first fusion devices in thermonuclear reaction," and that "Chinese scientists started to develop a fusion operationChina To Build Its Own Fusion Reactor ENERGY TECH by Edward Lanfranco Beijing (UPI) July 1, 2005

279

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tech Petroleum Natural Gas Coal Primary Energy Demand (Mtce)significant decline in coal primary energy demand under Maxone billion tonnes coal equivalent energy exists beyond the

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected20 Figure 16. Office Buildings Energy Intensity by End-Projected Technology and Energy Intensity Trends in Cement

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9. Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel, Reference15 Figure 10. Residential Primary Energy Consumption by End-20 Figure 17. Commercial Primary Energy Consumption by

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

2013 China-Korea Relay Protection Forum Wide Area Protection Scheme Preventing Cascading Events based on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on Improved Impedance relay LIU Zhou1 , ZHE Chen1 , HU Yanting2 1 Department of Energy Technology

Chen, Zhe

283

China-GHG Monitoring | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculator JumpforPFAN) |GIZ-China GHG

284

China-GHG Monitoring | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculator JumpforPFAN) |GIZ-China GHG-

285

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption FIGURE 2 Actual energy demand in China isvery much lower than energy demand at constant energyGDP Energy FIGURE 3a Energy demand grew twice as fast as GDP

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Pang. 2008. “China’s oil reserve forecast and analysisFeng, Li, Pang, “China’s oil reserve forecast and analysison its remaining proven oil and gas reserve base. Even with

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

China's Energy Situation and Its Implications in the New by Hengyun Ma, Les Oxley and John Gibson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 China's Energy Situation and Its Implications in the New Millennium by Hengyun Ma, Les Oxley and John Gibson No: 1/2009 #12;2 WORKING PAPER No. 1/2009 China's Energy Situation and Its Implications are interested in China's energy situation, however, numerous energy related issues in China still remain

Hickman, Mark

288

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Production (1990-2010) Note that the 2009 China Energy Statistical Yearbook lists total primary

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Energy Efficiency Business in China: A Roadmap For American Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Eighteenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 17-18, 1996 FIGURE 1. Energy Use by Equipment Type in China, 1990 (l) Coal Electricity ~ Industrial Boilers o Pumps II Power Plant Boilers III Fans D Coke Ovens and Smelting Furnaces o... currency (16). As part of the economic reform program, the Chinese goverrunent stopped paying the coal industry its annual subsidy of $230 million. Coal prices began rising sharply in many areas in 1993 and continued to increase after being...

Hamburger, J.; Sinton, J.

290

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production instantly reaches the current world best practice energyworld best practice and implement aggressive energy efficiency and carbon reduction measures in all cement productionenergy intensity of China’s cement production would reach current world

Ke, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Reference Manual (VolumeNational Greenhouse Gas Inventories: the Workbook (VolumeN ATIONAL L ABORATORY Inventory of China’s Energy-Related CO

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A portfolio approach to energy governance : state management of China's coal and electric power supply industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study addresses the extent to which China's central state devolved ownership and investment levels in its energy sector to other actors during the modern reform period (1978- 2008). The project focused on China's coal ...

Cunningham, Edward A., IV (Edward Albert)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on China's Future Energy and Emissions Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report, McKinsey & Co'sChina’s cumulative CO2 emissions given the global cumulativeBaseline LBNL CIS Total CO2 Emissions (Mt CO2) LBNL CIS with

Zheng, Nina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After rapid growth in economic development and energy demand over the last three decades, China has undertaken energy efficiency improvement efforts to reduce its energy intensity under the 11th Five Year Plan (FYP). Since becoming the world's largest annual CO{sub 2} emitter in 2007, China has set reduction targets for energy and carbon intensities and committed to meeting 15% of its total 2020 energy demand with non-fossil fuel. Despite having achieved important savings in 11th FYP efficiency programs, rising per capita income and the continued economic importance of trade will drive demand for transport activity and fuel use. At the same time, an increasingly 'electrified' economy will drive rapid power demand growth. Greater analysis is therefore needed to understand the underlying drivers, possible trajectories and mitigation potential in the growing industrial, transport and power sectors. This study uses scenario analysis to understand the likely trajectory of China's energy and carbon emissions to 2030 in light of the current and planned portfolio of programs, policies and technology development and ongoing urbanization and demographic trends. It evaluates the potential impacts of alternative transportation and power sector development using two key scenarios, Continued Improvement Scenario (CIS) and Accelerated Improvement Scenario (AIS). CIS represents the most likely path of growth based on continuation of current policies and meeting announced targets and goals, including meeting planned appliance efficiency standard revisions, fuel economy standards, and industrial targets and moderate phase-out of subcritical coal-fired generation with additional non-fossil generation. AIS represents a more aggressive trajectory of accelerated improvement in energy intensity and decarbonized power and transport sectors. A range of sensitivity analysis and power technology scenarios are tested to evaluate the impact of additional actions such as carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) and integrated mine-mouth generation. The CIS and AIS results are also contextualized and compared to model scenarios in other published studies. The results of this study show that China's energy and CO{sub 2} emissions will not likely peak before 2030, although growth is expected to slow after 2020. Moreover, China will be able to meet its 2020 carbon intensity reduction target of 40 to 45% under both CIS and AIS, but only meet its 15% non-fossil fuel target by 2020 under AIS. Under both scenarios, efficiency remains a key resource and has the same, if not greater, mitigation potential as new technologies in transport and power sectors. In the transport sector, electrification will be closely linked the degree of decarbonization in the power sector and EV deployment has little or no impact on China's crude oil import demand. Rather, power generation improvements have the largest sector potential for overall emission mitigation while mine-mouth power generation and CCS have limited mitigation potential compared to fuel switching and efficiency improvements. Comparisons of this study's results with other published studies reveal that CIS and AIS are within the range of other national energy projections but alternative studies rely much more heavily on CCS for carbon reduction. The McKinsey study, in particular, has more optimistic assumptions for reductions in crude oil imports and coal demand in its abatement scenario and has much higher gasoline reduction potential for the same level of EV deployment. Despite these differences, this study's scenario analysis of both transport and power sectors illustrate the necessity for continued efficiency improvements and aggressive power sector decarbonization in flattening China's CO{sub 2} emissions.

G. Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; T. Aden, Nathaniel

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world best practice energy intensity (weighted by current productionworld’s best practice energy intensity in all major industrial productionenergy intensity for ammonia production lags behind the world

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China CIS Electricity Generation Capacity, 2000-2030 Installed Capacity (GW) SolarRenew Solar Coal Total 2030 2010-2030 AAGR Table 30: ChinaChina AIS Power Generation Capacity, 2000-2030 Installed Capacity (GW) Solar

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

China's energy and emissions outlook to 2050: Perspectives from bottom-up energy end-use model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development Plan for Renewable Energy in China. Availabledevelopment-plan-for-renewable-energy.pdf Tu, J. , Jaccard,further expansion of renewable and nuclear power capacity.

Zhou, Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Council. 2010. “Smart Grid Snapshot: China Topswww.zpryme.com/reports/smart_grid_snapshot_global_and_china%Figure 48 2010 Federal Stimulus Investments in Smart Grid by

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Creating and Implementing a Regularized Monitoring and Enforcement System for China's Mandatory Standards and Energy Information Label for Appliances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

best practices, China’s monitoring and enforcement effort of mandatory energy efficiencybest practices, however, China’s monitoring and enforcement effort for its mandatory energy efficiencyBest Practice Based on the review of existing laws and regulations related to energy efficiency

Lin, Jiang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to consume more energy than rural households, particularlym2) Residential: Rural Residential: Urban Macro-level EnergykWh per day. Rural household other end-use energy intensity

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The effects of energy policies in China on GDP, industrial output and new energy profits1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The effects of energy policies in China on GDP, industrial output and new energy profits1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Song Chen Abstract This paper examines the effects of energy policies and the profits of new energy companies using instruments to address the potential endogeneity of the policies

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

302

China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo, NewInformation

303

China's coal price disturbances: Observations, explanations, and implications for global energy economies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's coal price disturbances: Observations, explanations, and implications for global energy I G H T S c Since China decontrolled its coal prices, the price of coal has risen steadily in China, accompanied by unusual volatility. c Relatively high and volatile coal prices have triggered widespread power

Jackson, Robert B.

304

China Low Carbon Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy ResourcesEnergyLow

305

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

63 Figure 59. Carbon Intensity of Power Generation,economic energy and carbon intensity by setting short andproduction) and carbon intensity (CO 2 emissions per unit of

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Primary Energy Use (Mtce) More gas boiler & heat pumps with greater efficiency 40% more efficient cooling technologies more efficient lighting more efficient water heaters

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electric and gas water heaters, both of which areMEPS revisions. For gas water heaters, the energy factor islevel. For electric water heaters, continued efficiency

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project-and Chinese policymakers have actively shared best practices for establishing demand-side energy efficiency programs, resulting in a recent Chinese policy in the power...

309

Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· financing, renewables and efficiency, institutional reform, energy access and rural energy, and general1 Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India Brazil-China-India Workshop on Energy Efficiency Financing Cross country exchange, outreach

310

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Choices, and Energy Consumption. Praeger Publishers,The decomposition effect of energy consumption in China'sThe challenge of reducing energy consumption of the Top-1000

Ke, Jing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Gas 5% less efficient than diesel, assuming same trendNatural gas buses are assumed to follow the same improvement trendNatural Gas Oil Products Solid Fuels Unlike primary energy, CO 2 emissions trends

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

China Guodian Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy Resources

313

What Goes Up: Recent Trends in China's Energy Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1996, China's energy output has dropped by 17%, while primary energy use has fallen by 4%, driven almost entirely by shrinking output from coal mines and declining direct use. Since China is the world's second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, it is important to understand the sources of this apparent transformation, and whether it portends a permanent change in patterns of energy use. This remarkable reversal of the long-term expansion of energy use has occurred even as the economy has continued to grow, albeit more slowly than in the early 1990s. Generation of electric power has risen, implying a steep fall in end uses, particularly in industry. Available information points to a variety of forces contributing to this phenomenon, including rapid improvements in coal quality, structural changes in industry, shutdowns of factories in both the state-owned and non-state segments of the economy, improvements in end-use efficiency, and greater use of gas and electricity in households. A combination of slowing economic growth, industrial restructuring, broader economic system reforms, and environmental and energy-efficiency policies has apparently led to at least a temporary decline in, and perhaps a long-term reduction in the growth of energy use, and therefore greenhouse gas emissions.

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China has set an ambitious goal of reducing its energy use per unit of GDP by 20% between 2006 and 2010. Since the industrial sector consumes about two-thirds of China's primary energy, many of the country's efforts are focused on improving the energy efficiency of this sector. Industrial energy audits have become an important part of China's efforts to improve its energy intensity. In China, industrial energy audits have been employed to help enterprises indentify energy-efficiency improvement opportunities for achieving the energy-saving targets. These audits also serve as a mean to collect critical energy-consuming information necessary for governments at different levels to supervise enterprises energy use and evaluate their energy performance. To better understand how energy audits are carried out in China as well as their impacts on achieving China's energy-saving target, researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted an in-depth study that combines a review of China's national policies and guidelines on energy auditing and a series of discussions with a variety of Chinese institutions involved in energy audits. This report consists of four parts. First, it provides a historical overview of energy auditing in China over the past decades, describing how and why energy audits have been conducted during various periods. Next, the report reviews current energy auditing practices at both the national and regional levels. It then discusses some of the key issues related to energy audits conducted in China, which underscore the need for improvement. The report concludes with policy recommendations for China that draw upon international best practices and aim to remove barriers to maximizing the potential of energy audits.

Shen, Bo; Price, Lynn; Lu, Hongyou

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

315

Bilateral Agreements with China | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBig Savings

316

Energy, Climate Change, and China: Is there Hope for Averting Environmental Crises?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy, Climate Change, and China: Is there Hope for Averting Environmental Crises? Berkeley Lab's Mark Levine discusses this topic in a January 10, 2009 Nano*High talk

Mark Levine

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

317

DOC-DOE Joint Trade Mission to China | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

will help U.S. companies launch or increase their business in China in areas such as green buildings, building energy retrofitting, building management, green data centers,...

318

Energy, Climate Change, and China: Is there Hope for Averting Environmental Crises?  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Energy, Climate Change, and China: Is there Hope for Averting Environmental Crises? Berkeley Lab's Mark Levine discusses this topic in a January 10, 2009 Nano*High talk

Mark Levine

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

319

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water heaters to heat pump water heaters with energy factorheat pumps with greater efficiency 40% more efficient cooling technologies more efficient lighting more efficient water heatersheat pumps, boilers 100% OLED TVs, 0.1W standby, more efficient AC, refrigerator, washers More efficient gas water heater

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign Available online 13 July 2011 Keywords: Energy conservation Policy-making Stakeholder analysis Network, the stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign still has been under-developed. This paper

de Weck, Olivier L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

China-NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile:Cooperation Jump to:

322

MOU-CHINA.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMA Energy

323

Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon Enterprises Inc

324

China Technology Development Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake South Range Geothermal Project

325

China-GTZ Energy Programs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculator JumpforPFAN) |GIZ-China

326

China Building Design Consultants | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo, New

327

China Export Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo,

328

Energy efficiency for greenhouse gas emission reduction in China: The case of the cement industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A project at LBNL has combined two different approaches to investigate changes in efficiency in China`s cement industry, which currently accounts for over 6% of China`s total commercial energy use and over 1% of global carbon emissions. Cement output has doubled over the past five years, and will double again within 15 years. Addressing cement industry carbon emissions will be a key element of any program to control China`s carbon emissions. Macro-level analysis was used to investigate industry-wide trends, and detailed case studies of individual plants illuminated key issues in technology choice that fundamentally affect efficiency. In general, enterprises adopted technologies that increased output and improved quality, and had little regard for energy efficiency, though most new technologies and practices did improve efficiency. Changes in energy prices were a surprisingly weak factor in adoption of efficient technologies. Unexpectedly, many enterprises developed a strong preference for the least fuel-efficient technology, which allows power generation with kiln waste heat. This preference was motivated in a large part by the desire to achieve security in electricity supply, and by some reforms. This alternative has become increasingly popular, and threatens to reverse some progress made in reducing the carbon-intensiveness of China`s cement industry. Foreign technical assistance and more importantly, greater participation in China`s cement industry of foreign cement companies would speed the adoption of large scale very efficient precalciner plants. Paradoxically, improving energy efficiency in China`s cement industry is also a supply-side issue, improved reliability in China`s power network will make the more fuel-efficient alternative more attractive.

Sinton, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

Discussion of Problems in the Development of Building Energy Efficiency In China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context that Chinese energy shortage is beginning to emerge and China is constructing an economical society, much attention is paid to building energy consumption by the Chinese government and common people. Therefore, Building Energy...

Liu, Y.; Fu, X.; Luo, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elasticity =1 Mtce Total Energy Consumption Coal Consumptionpercent of total energy consumption in China. The Top 1,000percent of total industrial-sector energy consumption and 30

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Energy Demand and Emissions in Building in China: Scenarios and Policy Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent rapid growth of energy use in China exerts great pressure on the energy supply and environment. This study provides scenarios of future energy development in buildings, including urban residential, rural residential and service sectors (not...

Kejun, J.; Xiulian, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Securing Ad Hoc Networks Lidong Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Securing Ad Hoc Networks Lidong Zhou Department of Computer Science Zygmunt J. Haas School of Electrical Engineering Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 Abstract Ad hoc networks are a new wireless networking paradigm for mobile hosts. Unlike traditional mobile wireless networks, ad hoc networks do

Schneider, Fred B.

333

Evolution of the Smart Grid in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law andEnergyEvogy Inc JumpChina Jump to:

334

Vantage Point Venture Partners (China) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy NowNew HampshireValero Refining Company - NJ2China)

335

US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy,UCOR ContractStorageGridUS-China clean

336

US China CERC Energy and Water - Funding Opportunity Announcement |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and1TeleworkAgriculture U.S.-China CleanDepartment of Energy

337

Category:Wind power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information on PV Economics By BuildingCategory: Wind Power in China

338

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission (BDRC) Beijing Energy Efficiency Center (BECon)of Construction Energy Efficiency Bureau Ministry ofNational Building Energy Efficiency Commission National

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Big China Solar Energy Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV Jump to:Bhoruka Power Corporation LtdChina

340

Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on China's Future Energy and Emissions Outlook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The past decade has seen the development of various scenarios describing long-term patterns of future Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with each new approach adding insights to our understanding of the changing dynamics of energy consumption and aggregate future energy trends. With the recent growing focus on China's energy use and emission mitigation potential, a range of Chinese outlook models have been developed across different institutions including in China's Energy Research Institute's 2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report, McKinsey & Co's China's Green Revolution report, the UK Sussex Energy Group and Tyndall Centre's China's Energy Transition report, and the China-specific section of the IEA World Energy Outlook 2009. At the same time, the China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed a bottom-up, end-use energy model for China with scenario analysis of energy and emission pathways out to 2050. A robust and credible energy and emission model will play a key role in informing policymakers by assessing efficiency policy impacts and understanding the dynamics of future energy consumption and energy saving and emission reduction potential. This is especially true for developing countries such as China, where uncertainties are greater while the economy continues to undergo rapid growth and industrialization. A slightly different assumption or storyline could result in significant discrepancies among different model results. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the key models in terms of their scope, methodologies, key driver assumptions and the associated findings. A comparative analysis of LBNL's energy end-use model scenarios with the five above studies was thus conducted to examine similarities and divergences in methodologies, scenario storylines, macroeconomic drivers and assumptions as well as aggregate energy and emission scenario results. Besides directly tracing different energy and CO{sub 2} savings potential back to the underlying strategies and combination of efficiency and abatement policy instruments represented by each scenario, this analysis also had other important but often overlooked findings.

Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to provide a better understanding of future Chinese energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions from burning fossil fuels. This study examines the current Chinese energy system, estimates CO{sub 2} emissions from burning fossil fuels and projects future energy use and resulting CO{sub 2} emissions up to the year of 2050. Based on the results of the study, development strategies are proposed and policy implications are explored. This study first develops a Base scenario projection of the Chinese energy development based upon a sectoral analysis. The Base scenario represents a likely situation of future development, but many alternatives are possible. To explore this range of alternatives, a systematic uncertainty analysis is performed. The Base scenario also represents an extrapolation of current policies and social and economic trends. As such, it is not necessarily the economically optimal future course for Chinese energy development. To explore this issue, an optimization analysis is performed. For further understanding of developing Chinese energy system and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions, a Chinese energy system model with 84 supply and demand technologies has been constructed in MARKAL, a computer LP optimization program for energy systems. Using this model, various technological options and economic aspects of energy development and CO{sub 2} emissions reduction in China during the 1985-2020 period are examined.

Xiaolin Xi [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Reducing Energy Consumption of Disk Storage Using PowerAware Cache Qingbo Zhu, Francis M. David, Christo F. Devaraj, Zhenmin Li, Yuanyuan Zhou and Pei Cao*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing Energy Consumption of Disk Storage Using Power­Aware Cache Management Qingbo Zhu, Francis implications. Among various components of a data center, storage is one of the biggest consumers of energy. A recent indus­ try report [1] shows that storage devices account for almost 27% of the total energy

Zhou, Yuanyuan

343

Reducing Energy Consumption of Disk Storage Using Power-Aware Cache Qingbo Zhu, Francis M. David, Christo F. Devaraj, Zhenmin Li, Yuanyuan Zhou and Pei Cao*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing Energy Consumption of Disk Storage Using Power-Aware Cache Management Qingbo Zhu, Francis various components of a data center, storage is one of the biggest consumers of energy. A recent indus- try report [1] shows that storage devices account for almost 27% of the total energy consumed

Zhou, Yuanyuan

344

George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1, EURATOM-Association, D-85748, Germany G. Tardini1, C. Forest2, O. Gruber1, P. Mc Carthy3, A. Gude1, L Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 2 Motivation: ITER performance Mukhovatov V

345

EXPLORING IMPLICATIONS TO 2050 OF ENERGY-TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS FOR CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of per capita GDP. We assumed that by 2050 China will be usingEXPLORING IMPLICATIONS TO 2050 OF ENERGY- TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS FOR CHINA E.D. Larson,1 P. DeLaquil,2, NJ 08544-1003, USA 2 Clean Energy Commercialization, 1816 Crosspointe Drive, Annapolis, MD 21401, USA

346

China's Building Energy Demand: Long-Term Implications from a Detailed Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here a detailed, service-based model of China’s building energy use, nested in the GCAM (Global Change Assessment Model) integrated assessment framework. Using the model, we explore long-term pathways of China’s building energy use and identify opportunities of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The inclusion of a structural model of building energy demands within an integrated assessment framework represents a major methodological advance. It allows for a structural understanding of the drivers of building energy consumption while simultaneously considering the other human and natural system interactions that influence changes in the global energy system and climate. We also explore a range of different scenarios to gain insights into how China’s building sector might evolve and what the implications might be for improved building energy technology and carbon policies. The analysis suggests that China’s building energy growth will not wane anytime soon, although technology improvement will put downward pressure on this growth. Also, regardless of the scenarios represented, the growth will involve the continued, rapid electrification of the buildings sector throughout the century, and this transition will be accelerated by the implementation of carbon policy.

Eom, Jiyong; Clarke, Leon E.; Kim, Son H.; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it to the rank of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modelling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities. From this analysis, we can conclude that Chinese residential energy consumption will more than double by 2020, from 6.6 EJ in 2000 to 15.9 EJ in 2020. This increase will be driven primarily by urbanization, in combination with increases in living standards. In the urban and higher income Chinese households of the future, most major appliances will be common, and heated and cooled areas will grow on average. These shifts will offset the relatively modest efficiency gains expected according to current government plans and policies already in place. Therefore, levelling and reduction of growth in residential energy demand in China will require a new set of more aggressive efficiency policies.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Levine, Mark

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the health impacts of rural household energy use. Industry—Consumption Survey • Rural Household Energy • Commercial andrural residents and accounts for 5% of the national total. Public sector energy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...

Chen, S.; Li, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Household operational energy consumption in urban China : a multilevel analysis on Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With decades of economic growth and socio-economic transformation, China's residential sector has seen rapid expansion in energy consumption, and is now the second largest energy consuming sector in the country. Faced with ...

Wang, Dong, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

75 Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects inmine-mouth generation with HVDC by 2062 Mtce 4393 Mt CO 2intermittency. Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects in China

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Special Section on Ground Water Research in China Featured in This Issue of Ground Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Ground Water by Xun Zhou1, Jiu J. Jiao2, and Mary P. Anderson3 Contained in this issue of Ground Water, Groundwater Resources and the Related Environ- Hydrogeologic Problems in China, Beijing: Seismological Press

Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

353

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developoilfields. ” China Daily (27 August 2005) http://David and Bi Jianhai. “China’s Global Hunt for Energy. ”

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program:Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2005, the Chinese government announced an ambitious goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% between 2005 and 2010. One of the key initiatives for realizing this goal is the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises program. The energy consumption of these 1000 enterprises accounted for 33% of national and 47% of industrial energy usage in 2004. Under the Top-1000 program, 2010 energy consumption targets were determined for each enterprise. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the program design and initial results, given limited information and data, in order to understand the possible implications of its success in terms of energy and carbon dioxide emissions reductions and to recommend future program modifications based on international experience with similar target-setting agreement programs. Even though the Top-1000 Program was designed and implemented rapidly, it appears that--depending upon the GDP growth rate--it could contribute to somewhere between approximately 10% and 25% of the savings required to support China's efforts to meet a 20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010.

Price, Lynn; Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun; Yun, Jiang

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

355

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis ofenergy consumption in China. It recalibrates official Chinese governmentstatistics by reallocating primary energy into categories more commonlyused in international comparisons. It also provides an analysis of trendsin sectoral energy consumption over the past decades. Finally, itassesses the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020,based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity,availability of energy services, and energy intensities. The followingare some highlights of the study's findings: * A reallocation of sectorenergy consumption from the 2000 official Chinese government statisticsfinds that: * Buildings account for 25 percent of primary energy, insteadof 19 percent * Industry accounts for 61 percent of energy instead of 69percent * Industrial energy made a large and unexpected leap between2000-2005, growing by an astonishing 50 percent in the 3 years between2002 and 2005. * Energy consumption in the iron and steel industry was 40percent higher than predicted * Energy consumption in the cement industrywas 54 percent higher than predicted * Overall energy intensity in theindustrial sector grew between 2000 and 2003. This is largely due tointernal shifts towards the most energy-intensive sub-sectors, an effectwhich more than counterbalances the impact of efficiency increases. *Industry accounted for 63 percent of total primary energy consumption in2005 - it is expected to continue to dominate energy consumption through2020, dropping only to 60 percent by that year. * Even assuming thatgrowth rates in 2005-2020 will return to the levels of 2000-2003,industrial energy will grow from 42 EJ in 2005 to 72 EJ in 2020. * Thepercentage of transport energy used to carry passengers (instead offreight) will double from 37 percent to 52 percent between 2000 to 2020,.Much of this increase is due to private car ownership, which willincrease by a factor of 15 from 5.1 million in 2000 to 77 million in2020. * Residential appliance ownership will show signs of saturation inurban households. The increase in residential energy consumption will belargely driven by urbanization, since rural homes will continue to havelow consumption levels. In urban households, the size of appliances willincrease, but its effect will be moderated by efficiency improvements,partially driven by government standards. * Commercial energy increaseswill be driven both by increases in floor space and by increases inpenetration of major end uses such as heating and cooling. Theseincreases will be moderated somewhat, however, by technology changes,such as increased use of heat pumps. * China's Medium- and Long-TermDevelopment plan drafted by the central government and published in 2004calls for a quadrupling of GDP in the period from 2000-2020 with only adoubling in energy consumption during the same period. A bottom-upanalysis with likely efficiency improvements finds that energyconsumption will likely exceed the goal by 26.12 EJ, or 28 percent.Achievements of these goals will there fore require a more aggressivepolicy of encouraging energy efficiency.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Price,Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Sathaye, Jayant; Levine, Mark

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results for Room Air Conditioners Nan Zhou David FridleyTable of Contents I. Air Conditioner Round Robin TestingAir Conditioners..

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While China's 11th Five Year Plan called for a reduction of energy intensity by 2010, whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed in a short time has been hotly debated. This research intends to evaluate the impact of a variety of scenarios of GDP growth, energy elasticity and energy efficiency improvement on energy consumption in commercial buildings in China using a detailed China End-use Energy Model. China's official energy statistics have limited information on energy demand by end use. This is a particularly pertinent issue for building energy consumption. The authors have applied reasoned judgments, based on experience of working on Chinese efficiency standards and energy related programs, to present a realistic interpretation of the current energy data. The bottom-up approach allows detailed consideration of end use intensity, equipment efficiency, etc., thus facilitating assessment of potential impacts of specific policy and technology changes on building energy use. The results suggest that: (1) commercial energy consumption in China's current statistics is underestimated by about 44%, and the fuel mix is misleading; (2) energy efficiency improvements will not be sufficient to offset the strong increase in end-use penetration and intensity in commercial buildings; (3) energy intensity (particularly electricity) in commercial buildings will increase; (4) different GDP growth and elasticity scenarios could lead to a wide range of floor area growth trajectories , and therefore, significantly impact energy consumption in commercial buildings.

Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China Zheng Hongtao Department Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China ``Syngas city'' (SC) is a concept for a coal clean fuels derived via coal gasification. Emissions of air pollutants in the SC scenario are compared

359

China Lake Acres, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy ResourcesEnergy

360

Government policy and investment in clean energy (China) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy ResourcesGordon, Alabama: Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

US-China Clean Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energyof Energy8,NovemberUS Tier 2 Bin

362

Role of non-fossil energy in meeting China's energy and climate target for 2020  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China is the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitter in the world. The Chinese government faces growing challenges of ensuring energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To address these two issues, the Chinese government has announced two ambitious domestic indicative autonomous mitigation targets for 2020: increasing the ratio of non-fossil energy to 15% and reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% from 2005 levels. To explore the role of non-fossil energy in achieving these two targets, this paper first provides an overview of current status of non-fossil energy development in China; then gives a brief review of GDP and primary energy consumption; next assesses in detail the role of the non fossil energy in 2020, including the installed capacity and electricity generation of non-fossil energy sources, the share and role of non-fossil energy in the electricity structure, emissions reduction resulting from the shift to non-fossil energy, and challenges for accomplishing the mitigation targets in 2020 ; finally, conclusions and policy measures for non-fossil energy development are proposed.

Zhou, Sheng; Tong, Qing; Yu, Sha; Wang, Yu; Chai, Qimin; Zhang, Xiliang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

China Recycling Energy Corp CREG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy

364

China-Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: EnergyOpen

365

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dominant image of China's energy system is of billowing smokestacks from the combustion of coal. More heavily dependent on coal than any other major country, China uses it for about 70 percent of its energy (NBS, 2008). Furthermore, until recently, China had very few environmental controls on emissions from coal combustion; recent efforts to control sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions appear to be meeting with some success (Economy, 2007, 2009). Figure 1 shows the dominant use of coal in China's energy system from 1950 to 1980 (NBS, various years). However, this is just one side of China's energy story. Figure 2 illustrates the second part, and what may be the most important part of the story - China's energy system since 1980, shortly after Deng Xiaoping assumed full leadership. This figure compares the trends in energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) by indexing both values to 100 in 1980. The upper line shows what energy consumption in China would have been if it had grown at the same rate as GDP, since energy consumption usually increases in lockstep with GDP in an industrializing, developing country, at least until it reaches a high economic level. The lower line in Figure 2 shows China's actual energy consumption, also indexed to 1980. The striking difference between the lines shows that GDP in China grew much faster than energy demand from 1980 to 2002. As a result, by 2002 energy and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions were more than 40% percent of what they would have been if energy and GDP had grown in tandem. In the next chapter of China's energy history, from 2002 to 2005, the increase in energy demand outstripped a very rapidly growing economy, and because of the large size of the Chinese economy, the increase had substantial impacts. The construction of power plants increased to 100 gigawatts per year; over the three-year period newly constructed plants had a capacity of more than 30 percent of total electricity-generation capacity in the United States. At the same time, energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in China increased dramatically. In the latest stage, another abrupt change, this time for the better in terms of energy efficiency, began late in 2005. As senior officials in the government turned their attention to the problem of growing energy demand, the government set a mandatory goal for 2010 of a 20 percent reduction in energy intensity (defined as energy use per unit of GDP) from 2005 levels. To meet this goal, China undertook significant legislative, regulatory, and organizational reforms at the national, provincial, and municipal levels to ensure that measures to reduce energy intensity would be implemented in all sectors and activities in China. At the time of this writing, it appears that China is on its way to meeting the 20 percent goal, thus reducing CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.5 billion tones, as compared with consumption at 2005 energy-intensity levels. In this paper, we describe and assess these three significant periods in China's energy story and provide a context by briefly reviewing the three decades prior to 1980.

Levine, Mark D.; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

US-China clean energy report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research Petroleum ReserveDepartment of Energy AtNoticeMotor Company

367

Driving change : evaluating strategies to control automotive energy demand growth in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the number of vehicles in China has relentlessly grown in the past decade, the energy demand, fuel demand and greenhouse gas emissions associated with these vehicles have kept pace. This thesis presents a model to project ...

Bonde Ĺkerlind, Ingrid Gudrun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

China-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile:

369

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy products and an energy saving allowance trading market is the most cost- effective design, while in large welfare losses in some provinces. Capping fossil energy use at the national level is foundAnalyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China Da Zhang, Valerie Karplus, Sebastian

370

Growth and structural change in China's energy economy Fredrich Kahrl a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, accounting for more than one-quarter of net growth in global primary energy consumption from 1980 to 2005) in December 2001 is responsible for this rapid growth in energy demand. From 2002 to 2006 China's primary energy demand growth (27.7 EJ, 13% annual average growth) exceeded the country's primary energy demand

Kammen, Daniel M.

371

Office of China Renewable Energy Development Project REDP | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy CoFirstNovos Sistemas de EnergiaInformation

372

U.S. - China Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of EnergyTheDepartment of1: Oracle JavaSoftware |Implementation

373

China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake South Range Geothermal Project Jump to:Centre (CNREC)

374

China Power International New Energy Holding Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake South Range Geothermal Project Jump

375

Zhi Zhou | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste andAnniversary, part 2Zenoss, Version 2.1.3SurfaceZhemingGroup!

376

Collaboration on Renewable Energy Standards, Testing, and Certification under the U.S. China Renewable Energy Partnership: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During November 2009, the U.S. China Renewable Energy Partnership agreement was authorized in Beijing by Presidents Obama and Hu from the U.S. and China. One of the principle tasks under this new program is the collaboration of the U.S. and China on the topic of renewable energy standards, testing, and certification with an initial focus on solar PV and wind topics. This paper will describe and discuss the activities which have taken place under the bilateral collaboration to date.

Wallace, W.; Kurtz, S.; Lin, W.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2001, China's energy consumption has grown more quickly than expected by Chinese or international observers. This edition of the China Energy Databook traces the growth of the energy system through 2006. As with version six, the Databook covers a wide range of energy-related information, including resources and reserves, production, consumption, investment, equipment, prices, trade, environment, economy, and demographic data. These data provide an extensive quantitative foundation for understanding China's growing energy system. In addition to providing updated data through 2006, version seven includes revised energy and GDP data back to the 1990s. In the 2005 China Energy Statistical Yearbook, China's National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) published revised energy production, consumption, and usage data covering the years 1998 to 2003. Most of these revisions related to coal production and consumption, though natural gas data were also adjusted. In order to accommodate underestimated service sector growth, the NBS also released revised GDP data in 2005. Beyond the inclusion of historical revisions in the seventh edition, no attempt has been made to rectify known or suspected issues in the official data. The purpose of this volume is to provide a common basis for understanding China's energy system. In order to broaden understanding of China's energy system, the Databook includes information from industry yearbooks, periodicals, and government websites in addition to data published by NBS. Rather than discarding discontinued data series, information that is no longer possible to update has been placed in C section tables and figures in each chapter. As with previous versions, the data are presented in digital database and tabular formats. The compilation of updated data is the result of tireless work by Lu Hongyou and Nina Zheng.

Fridley, Ed., David; Aden, Ed., Nathaniel; Lu, Ed., Hongyou; Zheng, Ed., Nina

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although China became the world's largest emitter of energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in 2007, China does not publish annual estimates of CO{sub 2} emissions and most published estimates of China's emissions have been done by other international organizations. Undertaken at the request of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy, this study examines the feasibility of applying the EIA emissions inventory methodology to estimate China's emissions from published Chinese data. Besides serving as a proof of concept, this study also helps develop a consistent and transparent method for estimating China's CO{sub 2} emissions using an Excel model and identified China-specific data issues and areas for improvement. This study takes a core set of data from the energy balances published in the China Energy Statistical Yearbook 2009 and China Petrochemical Corporation Yearbook 2009 and applies the EIA's eight-step methodology to estimate China's 2008 CO{sub 2} emissions. First, China's primary and secondary fuel types and consumption by end use are determined with slight discrepancies identified between the two data sources and inconsistencies in product categorization with the EIA. Second, energy consumption data are adjusted to eliminate double counting in the four potential areas identified by EIA; consumption data from China's Special Administrative Regions are not included. Physical fuel units are then converted to energy equivalents using China's standard energy measure of coal equivalent (1 kilogram = 29.27 MJ) and IPCC carbon emissions coefficients are used to calculate each fuel's carbon content. Next, carbon sequestration is estimated following EIA conventions for other petroleum products and non-energy use of secondary fuels. Emissions from international bunker fuels are also subtracted under the 'reference' calculation of estimating apparent energy consumption by fuel type and the 'sectoral' calculation of summing emissions across end-use sectors. Adjustments for the China-specific conventions of reporting foreign bunkers and domestic bunkers fueling abroad are made following IPCC definitions of international bunkers and EIA reporting conventions, while the sequestration of carbon in carbon steel is included as an additional adjustment. Under the sectoral approach, fuel consumption of bunkers and other transformation losses as well as gasoline consumption are reallocated to conform to EIA sectoral reporting conventions. To the extent possible, this study relies on official energy data from primary sources. A limited number of secondary sources were consulted to provide insight into the nature of consumption of some products and to guide the analysis of carbon sequestered in steel. Beyond these, however, the study avoided trying to estimate figures where directly unavailable, such as natural gas flaring. As a result, the basic calculations should be repeatable for other years with the core set of data from National Bureau of Statistics and Sinopec (or a similarly authoritative source of oil product data). This study estimates China's total energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in 2008 to be 6666 Mt CO{sub 2}, including 234.6 Mt of non-fuel CO{sub 2} emissions and 154 Mt of sequestered CO{sub 2}. Bunker fuel emissions in 2008 totaled 15.9 Mt CO{sub 2}, but this figure is underestimated because fuel use by Chinese ship and planes for international transportation and military bunkers are not included. Of emissions related to energy consumption, 82% is from coal consumption, 15% from petroleum and 3% from natural gas. From the sectoral approach, industry had the largest share of China's energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions with 72%, followed by residential at 11%, transport and telecommunications at 8%, and the other four (commerce, agriculture, construction and other public) sectors having a combined share of 9%. Thermal electricity and (purchased) heat (to a lesser degree) are major sources of fuel consumption behind sectoral emissions, responsible for 2533 Mt CO2 and 321 Mt CO{sub 2}, respec

Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; Qin, Yining

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

379

The Energy and CO2 Emissions Impact of Renewable Energy Development in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...

Zhang, X.

380

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compressors. China is the largest solar water heaterannual production of solar water heaters in China reached 49Solar Water Heating Systems (GB 26969-2011) will have significant effects in helping related industries in China

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Neighborhood design and the energy efficiency of urban lifestyle in China : treating residence and mobility as lifestyle bundle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China and the rest of the world are facing the challenge of meeting energy demand sustainably. Household-level energy consumption is a large ultimate driving force of a nation's energy use. Realizing a sustainable energy ...

Chen, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous region china Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 12 BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY April 2002Zhou, Byrne RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural Summary: ; see Qiu, 1991). Xinjiang Uygur...

383

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Technology Shares and Efficiencies, 2005- Figure 54 China CIS Total and Power Sector Carbon Dioxide Emissions,coal capacity 100-200 MW power sector carbon dioxide emissionsemissions. Table 41 Comparison of CCS Assumptions in Different Studies % of Coal Power

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China has beenhand, a phase- out of incandescent lamps has begun to “Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China in 2011.

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Modeling Climate Feedbacks to Energy Demand: The Case of China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is an empirical investigation of the effects of climate on the use of electricity by consumers and producers in urban and rural areas within China. It takes advantage of an unusual combination of temporal and ...

Asadoorian, Malcolm O.

386

Environmental and Resource Economics Household Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid income change Article Type and changing demographics. We estimate income and price elasticities for these energy types using a two effects into account, we find that total energy is price-inelastic for all income groups. For individual

387

Goal Practice & Experience: Status Quo and Future for Industrial Scale Biomass Energy Development in China  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 3D—Fostering Technology Adoption III: International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy Goal Practice & Experience : Status Quo and Future for Industrial Scale Biomass Energy Development in China Huiyong Zhuang, Research Professor, National Energy Research Center of Liquid Biofuel, National Bio Energy Co., Ltd.

388

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it into the ranks of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. Even though the rapid growth is largely attributable to heavy industry, this in turn is driven by rapid urbanization process, by construction materials and equipment produced for use in buildings. Residential energy is mostly used in urban areas, where rising incomes have allowed acquisition of home appliances, as well as increased use of heating in southern China. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modeling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities.

Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the world in terms of economic growth, energy consumption and associated emissions. In October 2002. With its limited domestic petroleum resources, China needs to import more oil and gas to achieve its to evaluate energy security, air quality and climate change policies, and their impact on energy systems

390

OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA by the Center in the field of renewable energy utilization in rural areas. John Byrne Director, CEEP #12;iii TABLE..............................................................................................................2 1.4 Renewable Energy and Rural Electrification: A Conceptual Understanding............3 2. PROFILE

Delaware, University of

391

Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio-economic Benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio a renewable energy-based rural electrification program, the `Township Electrification Program', launched. And at the time of research, the Program was known as the world's largest renewable energy-based rural

Huber, Bernhard A.

392

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of reform in China’s electricity sector. Pacific Affairs 77,Statistics for the Electricity Sector [????? 2009 ??????????of reform in China’s electricity sector. Pacific Affairs 77,

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

DRAFT DO NOT QUOTE Energy Prices and Energy Intensity in China: A Structural Decomposition Analysis and Econometrics Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has declined dramatically, by about 70%, in spite of increases in energy consumption. Is this just a coincidence? Or does a systematic relationship exist between energy prices and energy intensity? In this study, we examine whether and how China’s energy price changes affect its energy intensity trend during 1980-2002 at a macro level. We conduct the research by using two complementary economic models: the input-output-based structural decomposition analysis (SDA) and econometric regression models and by using a decomposition method of own-price elasticity of energy intensity. Findings include a negative own-price elasticity of energy intensity, a price-inducement effect on energyefficiency improvement, and a greater sensitivity (in terms of the reaction of energy intensity towards changes in energy prices) of the industry sector, compared to the overall economy. Analysts can use these results as a starting point for China's energy and carbon

Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske; Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 19071914 The effect of trade between China and the UK on national and global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1907­1914 The effect of trade between China and the UK on national­China trade. Energy Policy 34, 4063­4068], the most recently available data on trade and CO2 emissions have) also examined the total impacts of international trade on energy use and CO2 emissions of the Brazilian

395

ESCO Industry in China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

396

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest IndustrialEnterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming EnterpriseProgram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between 1980 and 2000, China's energy efficiency policiesresulted in a decoupling of the traditionally linked relationship betweenenergy use and gross domestic product (GDP) growth, realizing a four-foldincrease in GDP with only a doubling of energy use. However, during Chinas transition to a market-based economy in the 1990s, many of thecountry's energy efficiency programs were dismantled and between 2001 and2005 China's energy use increased significantly, growing at about thesame rate as GDP. Continuation of this one-to-one ratio of energyconsumption to GDP given China's stated goal of again quadrupling GDPbetween 2000 and 2020 will lead to significant demand for energy, most ofwhich is coal-based. The resulting local, national, and globalenvironmental impacts could be substantial.In 2005, realizing thesignificance of this situation, the Chinese government announced anambitious goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20percent between 2005 and 2010. One of the key initiatives for realizingthis goal is the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises program. Thecomprehensive energy consumption of these 1000 enterprises accounted for33 percent of national and 47 percent of industrial energy usage in 2004.Under the Top-1000 program, 2010 energy consumption targets wereannounced for each enterprise. Activities to be undertaken includebenchmarking, energy audits, development of energy saving action plans,information and training workshops, and annual reporting of energyconsumption. This paper will describe the program in detail, includingthe types of enterprises included and the program activities, and willprovide an analysis of the progress and lessons learned todate.

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Energy Policy, Volume 39, Issue 4, April 2011, Pages 2165-2178 Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction in energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). With a dramatic reversal reversal of the historic relationship between energy use and GDP growth, energy use per unit of GDP of this historic relationship, energy intensity increased 5% per year during 2002-2005. China`s 11th Five Year Plan

398

China Refrigerator Information Label  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-246E China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact Jianhong Cheng China National Institute of Standardization Tomoyuki Sakamoto The Institute of Energy

399

Transfer Function Combinations Liang Zhou, Mathias Schott, Charles Hansen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, 72 S Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, United StatesTransfer Function Combinations Liang Zhou, Mathias Schott, Charles Hansen Scientific Computing

Utah, University of

400

4th U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum Documents | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EERE Blog Posts of 2014ReviewsndSIMPLE WAYS TO USE4th U.S.-China Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of total world primary energy consumption (488 EJ) in 2005;World databank, http://databank.worldbank.org (Accessed 20 October 2011). Even with rapid growth in energy consumptionenergy consumption by 2020. 4 With strong central government support, China is now the world’

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coal gasification technology in China: Application and Development,” presentation at the China-US Clean

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Gas Coal Total Primary Energy Use (Mtce) Acceleratedimprovement of the energy performance of coal fired powermillion tonnes coal equivalent more primary energy than the

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDAgency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDIEA. 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECD

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steel produced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order to develop a common framework for comparing steel industry energy use. This study uses a bottom-up, physical-based method to compare the energy intensity of China and U.S. crude steel production in 2006. This year was chosen in order to maximize the availability of comparable steel-sector data. However, data published in China and the U.S. are not always consistent in terms of analytical scope, conversion factors, and information on adoption of energy-saving technologies. This study is primarily based on published annual data from the China Iron & Steel Association and National Bureau of Statistics in China and the Energy Information Agency in the U.S. This report found that the energy intensity of steel production is lower in the United States than China primarily due to structural differences in the steel industry in these two countries. In order to understand the differences in energy intensity of steel production in both countries, this report identified key determinants of sector energy use in both countries. Five determinants analyzed in this report include: share of electric arc furnaces in total steel production, sector penetration of energy-efficiency technologies, scale of production equipment, fuel shares in the iron and steel industry, and final steel product mix in both countries. The share of lower energy intensity electric arc furnace production in each country was a key determinant of total steel sector energy efficiency. Overall steel sector structure, in terms of average plant vintage and production capacity, is also an important variable though data were not available to quantify this in a scenario. The methodology developed in this report, along with the accompanying quantitative and qualitative analyses, provides a foundation for comparative international assessment of steel sector energy intensity.

Hasanbeigi, Ali; Price, Lynn; Aden, Nathaniel; Chunxia, Zhang; Xiuping, Li; Fangqin, Shangguan

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings represent an increasingly important component of China's total energy consumption mix. However, accurately assessing the total volume of energy consumed in buildings is difficult owing to deficiencies in China's statistical collection system and a lack of national surveys. Official statistics suggest that buildings account for about 19% of China's total energy consumption, while others estimate the proportion at 23%, rising to 30% over the next few years. In addition to operational energy, buildings embody the energy used in the in the mining, extraction, harvesting, processing, manufacturing and transport of building materials as well as the energy used in the construction and decommissioning of buildings. This embodied energy, along with a building's operational energy, constitutes the building's life-cycle energy and emissions footprint. This report first provides a review of international studies on commercial building life-cycle energy use from which data are derived to develop an assessment of Chinese commercial building life-cycle energy use, then examines in detail two cases for the development of office building operational energy consumption to 2020. Finally, the energy and emissions implications of the two cases are presented.

Fridley, David; Fridley, David G.; Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

China's Building Energy Use: A Long-Term Perspective based on a Detailed Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here a detailed, service-based model of China's building energy use, nested in the GCAM (Global Change Assessment Model) integrated assessment framework. Using the model, we explore long-term pathways of China's building energy use and identify opportunities of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The inclusion of a structural model of building energy demands within an integrated assessment framework represents a major methodological advance. It allows for a structural understanding of the drivers of building energy consumption while simultaneously considering the other human and natural system interactions that influence changes in the global energy system and climate. We also explore a range of different scenarios to gain insights into how China's building sector might evolve and what the implications might be for improved building energy technology and carbon policies. The analysis suggests that China's building energy growth will not wane anytime soon, although technology improvement will put downward pressure on this growth. Also, regardless of the scenarios represented, the growth will involve the continued, rapid electrification of the buildings sector throughout the century, and this transition will be accelerated by the implementation of carbon policy.

Eom, Jiyong; Clarke, Leon E.; Kim, Son H.; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

408

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s large coastal ports consist primarily of energy resources,energy resource requirements rise and with continued trade, coastal ports

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options Neufville Professor of Engineering Systems Chair, ESD Education Committee #12;2 #12;3 Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities By Chia

de Weck, Olivier L.

410

China’s Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In line with its aim to meet growing energy demand while shifting away from coal, China has set an ambitious goal of doubling its use of natural gas from 2011 levels by 2015. Prospects are good for significant new supplies – both domestic and imported, conventional and unconventional – to come online in the medium term, but notable challenges remain, particularly concerning gas pricing and the institutional and regulatory landscape. While China’s circumstances are, in many respects unique, some current issues are similar to those a number of IEA countries have faced. This report highlights some key challenges China faces in its transition to greater reliance on natural gas, then explores in detail relevant IEA experience, particularly in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the European Union, and the United States. Preliminary suggestions about how lessons learned in other countries could be applied to China’s situation are offered as well. The aim is to provide stakeholders in China with a useful reference as they consider decisions about the evolution of the gas sector in their country. PARTNER COUNTRY SERIES

411

Industrial Sector Energy Conservation Programs in the People's Republic of China during the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1986-1990)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projects, and rural energy demonstration projects. AsSociety, and the China Rural Energy Society. Newspapers and1. We do not evaluate rural energy conservation programs in

Zhiping, L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..............................................................................................................1 Drivers of Energy Demand ...................................................................................................................................... 6 Drivers of Residential Energy Demand .................................................................................................................................... 10 Drivers of Commercial Energy Demand

413

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if the amount of energy per unit GDP remained constant. Inof 2008 Primary Energy Consumption and GDP Per Capita Canadause and GDP growth: energy use per unit of GDP increased an

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the end user while primary energy consumption includes finalWEC 2001). GDP Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) natural gasHistorical Primary Energy Consumption by sector Energy Use

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy sources including hydropower and nuclear power. InElectricity includes hydropower, wind, solar and otherefficiency of nuclear, hydropower and renewable energy

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

200MW Aggressive renewable energy growth leads to 47% non-growth, long-distance transmission can facilitate access to renewable and cleaner energy

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Biomass Support for the China Renewable Energy Law: International Biomass Energy Technology Review Report, January 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Subcontractor report giving an overview of the biomass power generation technologies used in China, the U.S., and Europe.

Not Available

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

China-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculator Jumpfor SustainableChina

419

Operational energy consumption and GHG emissions in residential sector in urban China : an empirical study in Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driven by rapid urbanization and increasing household incomes, residential energy consumption in urban China has been growing steadily in the past decade, posing critical energy and greenhouse gas emission challenges. ...

Zhang, Jiyang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report (in Chinese) (the energy saving and CO2 emission reduction potential of9503 TWh, and annual CO2 emissions would be 16% lower than

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

TIME-INCONSISTENT STOCHASTIC LINEARQUADRATIC YING HU, HANQING JIN, AND XUN YU ZHOU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIME-INCONSISTENT STOCHASTIC LINEAR­QUADRATIC CONTROL YING HU, HANQING JIN, AND XUN YU ZHOU, and a GRF grant #CUHK419511. 1 #12;2 Ying Hu, Hanqing Jin and Xun Yu Zhou inconsistent control problems have

422

Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China first adopted minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) in 1989. Today, there are standards for a wide range of domestic, commercial and selected industrial equipment. In 1999, China launched a voluntary endorsement label, which has grown to cover over 40 products including water-saving products (See Figure 1). Further, in 2005, China started a mandatory energy information label (also referred to as the 'Energy Label'). Today, the Energy Label is applied to four products including: air conditioners; household refrigerators; clothes washers; and unitary air conditioners (See Figure 2). MEPS and the voluntary endorsement labeling specifications have been updated and revised in order to reflect technology improvements to those products in the market. These programs have had an important impact in reducing energy consumption of appliances in China. Indeed, China has built up a strong infrastructure to develop and implement product standards. Historically, however, the government's primary focus has been on the technical requirements for efficiency performance. Less attention has been paid to monitoring and enforcement with a minimal commitment of resources and little expansion of administrative capacity in this area. Thus, market compliance with both mandatory standards and labeling programs has been questionable and actual energy savings may have been undermined as a result. The establishment of a regularized monitoring system for tracking compliance with the mandatory standard and energy information label in China is a major area for program improvement. Over the years, the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) has partnered with several Chinese institutions to promote energy-efficient products in China. CLASP, together with its implementing partner Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), has assisted China in developing and updating the above-mentioned standards and labeling programs. Because of the increasing need for the development of a monitoring system to track compliance with standards and labeling, CLASP, with support from Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), has expanded its ongoing collaboration with the China National Institute of Standards (CNIS) to include enforcement and monitoring. CNIS has already begun working on the issue of compliance. CNIS has conducted modest sample testing in 2006 for refrigerators, freezers and room air-conditioners, and repeated the same task in 2007 with a similar sample size for three products (refrigerators, freezers, air-conditioners and clothes washers). And, CNIS, with technical support from LBNL, has analyzed the data collected through testing. At the same time, parallel effort has also been paid to look at the potential impact of the label to 2020. In conjunction with CNIS, CLASP technical experts reviewed the standards development timeline of the four products currently subject to the mandatory energy information label. CLASP, with the support of METI/IEEJ, collaborated with CNIS to develop the efficiency grades, providing: technical input to the process; comment and advice on particular technical issues; as well as evaluation of the results. In addition, in order to effectively evaluate the impact of the label on China's market, CLASP further provided assistance to CNIS to collect data on both the efficiency distribution and product volume distribution of refrigerators on the market. This short report summarizes the status of Standards and Labeling program, current enforcement and monitoring mechanism in China, and states the importance of international collaborations.

Zhou, Nan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Scenarios of Building Energy Demand for China with a Detailed Regional Representation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building energy consumption currently accounts for 28% of China’s total energy use and is expected to continue to grow induced by floorspace expansion, income growth, and population change. Fuel sources and building services are also evolving over time as well as across regions and building types. To understand sectoral and regional difference in building energy use and how socioeconomic, physical, and technological development influence the evolution of the Chinese building sector, this study developed a building energy use model for China downscaled into four climate regions under an integrated assessment framework. Three building types (rural residential, urban residential, and commercial) were modeled specifically in each climate region. Our study finds that the Cold and Hot Summer Cold Winter regions lead in total building energy use. The impact of climate change on heating energy use is more significant than that of cooling energy use in most climate regions. Both rural and urban households will experience fuel switch from fossil fuel to cleaner fuels. Commercial buildings will experience rapid growth in electrification and energy intensity. Improved understanding of Chinese buildings with climate change highlighted in this study will help policy makers develop targeted policies and prioritize building energy efficiency measures.

Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Zhou, Yuyu; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy audits, energy benchmarking, and identification of energy-efficient technologies and measures, working with provincial-level energy conservation centers and technical universities

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Common challenge, collaborative response: a roadmap for US-China cooperation on energy and climate change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Report which was produced in partnership between Asia Society's Center on U.S.-China Relations and Pew Center on Global Climate Change, in collaboration with The Brookings Institution, Council on Foreign Relations, National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, and Environmental Defense Fund presents both a vision and a concrete Roadmap for such Sino-U.S. collaboration. With input from scores of experts and other stakeholders from the worlds of science, business, civil society, policy, and politics in both China and the United States, the Report, or 'Roadmap', explores the climate and energy challenges facing both nations and recommends a concrete program for sustained, high-level, bilateral engagement and on-the-ground action. The Report recommends that, as a first step in forging this new partnership, the leaders of the two countries should convene a leaders summit as soon as practically possible following the inauguration of Barack Obama to launch a 'U.S.-China Partnership on Energy and Climate Change'. This presidential summit should outline a major plan of joint-action and empower relevant officials in each country to take the necessary actions to ensure its implementation. Priority areas of collaboration include: deploying low-emissions coal technologies; improving energy efficiency and conservation; developing an advanced electric grid; promoting renewable energy; and quantifying emissions and financing low-carbon technologies. 5 figs., 1 tab., 2 apps.

NONE

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

China report: Economic affairs. Energy: Status and development, 52, [September 5, 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report contains information on national development and status of energy production in China with particular attention to technological progress and economical effectiveness in coal and oil industries. The report highlights regulations on nuclear power plant safety issues. Power network, hydroelectricity and thermal power are altogether discussed in detail.

NONE

1986-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

427

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

easily accessible” coal reserves, energy investment per unitmore aggressively, coal mining energy consumption by 2050of usable acquired energy from coal, oil and natural over

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. , 2001. “Changing Energy Intensity in Chinese Industry”,M. ,1994. “Changing Energy Intensity in Chinese Industry”,2006. Indicators of Energy Intensity in the Unites States,

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31 Figure 33 Primary Energy Consumption in Differentiv Figure 47 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by End-48 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel, CIS and

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 Historical Primary Energy Per GDP and Per11 Historical Primary Energy per GDP and perHistorical Primary Energy Per GDP and Per capita Population

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Figure 9 Retail Buildings Energy Intensity by End-12 Figure 10 Office Buildings Energy Intensity by End-Energy Intensity

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generally consume more energy than rural ones, especially200 Mtce. In the rural area, appliance energy consumptionrural areas. In absolute terms, urban appliance consumption energy

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do BrasilGmbH JumpVeronagest SAJV Jump to:China

434

China Longyuan Power Group Corporation Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JVGroup IndiaChangtu LiaonengLLC aChina

435

Category:Wind Power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalyst Renewables JumpView form View Newin China Pages

436

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31% of the world’s energy consumption increase from 2003 totrends in energy consumption in the world’s largest country.s energy consumption has a growing impact on world energy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A long-term, integrated impact assessment of alternative building energy code scenarios in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China is the second largest building energy user in the world, ranking first and third in residential and commercial energy consumption. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Chinese government has developed a variety of building energy codes to improve building energy efficiency and reduce total energy demand. This paper studies the impact of building energy codes on energy use and CO2 emissions by using a detailed building energy model that represents four distinct climate zones each with three building types, nested in a long-term integrated assessment framework GCAM. An advanced building stock module, coupled with the building energy model, is developed to reflect the characteristics of future building stock and its interaction with the development of building energy codes in China. This paper also evaluates the impacts of building codes on building energy demand in the presence of economy-wide carbon policy. We find that building energy codes would reduce Chinese building energy use by 13% - 22% depending on building code scenarios, with a similar effect preserved even under the carbon policy. The impact of building energy codes shows regional and sectoral variation due to regionally differentiated responses of heating and cooling services to shell efficiency improvement.

Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development i n China The scarcity of local investment capital offers for- eign investors opportunitied i n China's energy

Yang, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from steel production in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1996, China manufactured just over 100 Mt of steel and became the world s largest steel producer. Official Chinese energy consumption statistics for the steel industry include activities not directly associated with the production of steel, double-count some coal-based energy consumption, and do not cover the entire Chinese steelmaking industry. In this paper, we make adjustments to the reported statistical data in order to provide energy use values for steel production in China that are comparable to statistics used internationally. We find that for 1996, official statistics need to be reduced by 1365 PJ to account for non-steel production activities and double-counting. Official statistics also need to be increased by 415 PJ in order to include steelmaking energy use of small plants not included in official statistics. This leads to an overall reduction of 950 PJ for steelmaking in China in 1996. Thus, the official final energy use value of 4018 PJ drops to 3067 PJ. In primary energy terms, the official primary energy use value of 4555 PJ is reduced to 3582 PJ when these adjustments are made.

Price, Lynn; Sinton, Jonathan; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian; Xiulian, Hu; Ji, Li

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18 Figure 15 Carbon Intensity Trends under CIS andtargets for energy and carbon intensities and committed toable to meet its 2020 carbon intensity reduction target of

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commercial and residential buildings’ small shares of energy consumption will rise over time as inhabitants’ demand for increased comfort and equipment usage

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Comparison of building energy use data between the United States and China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings in the United States and China consumed 41percent and 28percent of the total primary energy in 2011, respectively. Good energy data are the cornerstone to understanding building energy performance and supporting research, design, operation, and policy making for low energy buildings. This paper presents initial outcomes from a joint research project under the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency. The goal is to decode the driving forces behind the discrepancy of building energy use between the two countries; identify gaps and deficiencies of current building energy monitoring, data collection, and analysis; and create knowledge and tools to collect and analyze good building energy data to provide valuable and actionable information for key stakeholders. This paper first reviews and compares several popular existing building energy monitoring systems in both countries. Next a standard energy data model is presented. A detailed, measured building energy data comparison was conducted for a few office buildings in both countries. Finally issues of data collection, quality, sharing, and analysis methods are discussed. It was found that buildings in both countries performed very differently, had potential for deep energy retrofit, but that different efficiency measures should apply.

Xia , Jianjun; Hong , Tianzhen; Shen, Qi; Feng , Wei; Yang, Le; Im , Piljae; Lu, Alison; Bhandari , Mahabir

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

443

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. , 2000. The UK Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme.within the Energy Efficiency Best Practices Program (Shock,Australia’s Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guides, the

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experience with China's 20% energy intensity improvement target during the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) (2006-2010) has shown the challenges of rapidly setting targets and implementing measures to meet them. For the 12th FYP (2011-2015), there is an urgent need for a more scientific methodology to allocate targets among the provinces and to track physical and economic indicators of energy and carbon saving progress. This report provides a sectoral methodology for allocating a national energy intensity target - expressed as percent change in energy per unit gross domestic product (GDP) - among China's provinces in the 12th FYP. Drawing on international experience - especially the European Union (EU) Triptych approach for allocating Kyoto carbon targets among EU member states - the methodology here makes important modifications to the EU approach to address an energy intensity rather than a CO{sub 2} emissions target, and for the wider variation in provincial energy and economic structure in China. The methodology combines top-down national target projections and bottom-up provincial and sectoral projections of energy and GDP to determine target allocation of energy intensity targets. Total primary energy consumption is separated into three end-use sectors - industrial, residential, and other energy. Sectoral indicators are used to differentiate the potential for energy saving among the provinces. This sectoral methodology is utilized to allocate provincial-level targets for a national target of 20% energy intensity improvement during the 12th FYP; the official target is determined by the National Development and Reform Commission. Energy and GDP projections used in the allocations were compared with other models, and several allocation scenarios were run to test sensitivity. The resulting allocations for the 12th FYP offer insight on past performance and offer somewhat different distributions of provincial targets compared to the 11th FYP. Recommendations for reporting and monitoring progress on the targets, and methodology improvements, are included.

Ohshita, Stephanie; Price, Lynn

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

overall, increasing total energy consumption. In this model,account for 47% of total energy consumption in 2050, downfor 47% of total industry energy consumption in 2050 in CIS,

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Building Energy Efficiency in China - Status, Trends, Targets, and Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well accepted that the reduction of building energy consumption is one of the most effective actions fro reducing the emission of CO2 and for protection of energy resources world wide. Understanding and comparing the real building energy...

Xia, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDlines in the 2009 World Energy Outlook 450 ppm scenario.Agency (IEA)’s 2009 World Energy Outlook 450 ppm scenario.

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

38 International trends in Energy and GDP Per Capita, with4: International trends in energy and GDP per capita, with38 International trends in Energy and GDP Per Capita, with

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliance on biomass for rural energy consumption shows theLiving area Urban and Rural area 17 Energy Use andBiomass is the major energy in rural area. Design Standard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality specification, unit refinery energy use will rise.few decades, where unit refinery fuel use increase by 34%the Japanese case, rising refinery energy use was primarily

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Energy and Environmental Impacts of Rural Vehicles in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CHINESE RURAL VEHICLESEnergy and Environmental Impacts of Chinese Rural Vehicles 1ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CHINESE RURAL VEHICLES

Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The U.S. and China - Advancing Clean Energy Research Through Cooperation |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment of Energy The U.S. and China - Advancing

453

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world, and urban appliance ownership is already very high, suggesting that industry energy consumption

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently. In 2006, total energy consumption reached 2,4577.5% per year, total energy consumption in 2010 will reachof Enterprises Total Energy Consumption Mtce pe tro iro le

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potentials in the Iron and steel Industry in China. Reportfor the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guidebusiness/industry/Iron_Steel_Guide.pdf Worrell, E. Ramesohl,

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Heart-shaped bubbles rising in anisotropic liquids Chunfeng Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart-shaped bubbles rising in anisotropic liquids Chunfeng Zhou Department of Chemical of an unusual inverted-heart shape for bubbles rising in an anisotropic micellar solution. We explain the bubble heart or a spade a . The upper sur- face has sloped shoulders that join in a point. The bottom

Feng, James J.

457

Introduction to Industrial Engineering Chen Zhou (Pronounced Jo)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to Industrial Engineering Chen Zhou (Pronounced Jo) Assoc Prof and Assoc Chair@isye.gatech.edu Summer 2011 1 Today's topics · What is Industrial Engineering? Definitions E l Examples · ISyE fast there? #12;What is Industrial Engineering? (ISyE) Industrial Engineering... describes, evaluates

Weber, Rodney

458

China report: Economic affairs. Energy: Status and development, 53, [October 9, 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report contains information on national development and status of energy production in China with particular attention to technological progress and economical effectiveness in coal and oil industries. The report highlights and covers research and development in nuclear fission reactors with a focus on nuclear safety engineering and progress of construction of nuclear power plants. The issues of power network, hydroelectricity and thermal power are altogether discussed in detail.

NONE

1986-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

459

HydroChina ZhongNan Engineering Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard"Starting a new pageHuadeHydroChina

460

China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: EnergyOpen EnergyWind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

PetroSun Biofuels China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: Energy Resources JumpPerryman,Petersburg,PetroAsia Energy

462

Industrial Sector Energy Conservation Programs in the People's Republic of China during the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1986-1990)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy demand. The energy consumption mix i n China'sstructure and product mix in energy-intensive industries;Table 4). The sector's mix of energy sources that year was

Zhiping, L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird QuarterintoCurrent June ENERGY OFFICEJoint

464

DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmartDepartment of Energy 2010 Federalup toDepartment

465

U. S.-CHINA CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER (CERC)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energy Storage6ScriptingURLDepartmentENERGYRequest for

466

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's cement industry, which produced 1,388 million metric tons (Mt) of cement in 2008, accounts for almost half of the world's total cement production. Nearly 40% of China's cement production is from relatively obsolete vertical shaft kiln (VSK) cement plants, with the remainder from more modern rotary kiln cement plants, including plants equipped with new suspension pre-heater and pre-calciner (NSP) kilns. Shandong Province is the largest cement-producing Province in China, producing 10% of China's total cement output in 2008. This report documents an analysis of the potential to improve the energy efficiency of NSP kiln cement plants in Shandong Province. Sixteen NSP kiln cement plants were surveyed regarding their cement production, energy consumption, and current adoption of 34 energy-efficient technologies and measures. Plant energy use was compared to both domestic (Chinese) and international best practice using the Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool for Cement (BEST-Cement). This benchmarking exercise indicated an average technical potential primary energy savings of 12% would be possible if the surveyed plants operated at domestic best practice levels in terms of energy use per ton of cement produced. Average technical potential primary energy savings of 23% would be realized if the plants operated at international best practice levels. Energy conservation supply curves for both fuel and electricity savings were then constructed for the 16 surveyed plants. Using the bottom-up electricity conservation supply curve model, the cost-effective electricity efficiency potential for the studied cement plants in 2008 is estimated to be 373 gigawatt hours (GWh), which accounts for 16% of total electricity use in the 16 surveyed cement plants in 2008. Total technical electricity-saving potential is 915 GWh, which accounts for 40% of total electricity use in the studied plants in 2008. The fuel conservation supply curve model shows the total technical fuel efficiency potential equal to 7,949 terajoules (TJ), accounting for 8% of total fuel used in the studied cement plants in 2008. All the fuel efficiency potential is shown to be cost effective. Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emission reduction potential associated with cost-effective electricity saving is 383 kiloton (kt) CO{sub 2}, while total technical potential for CO{sub 2} emission reduction from electricity-saving is 940 ktCO{sub 2}. The CO{sub 2} emission reduction potentials associated with fuel-saving potentials is 950 ktCO{sub 2}.

Price, Lynn; Hasanbeigi, Ali; Lu, Hongyou; Wang, Lan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel Nuclear Total Hydro Steam Source: EB, China Electric PowerDiesel Other Total Hydro Steam Source: EB, China Electric PowerDiesel Nuclear/Other Total Hydro Steam Source: EB, China Electric Power

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

make China the world’s largest market for wind and solar,make China the largest market for wind, solar, and nuclearChina’s unofficial capacity targets for wind (150 GW) and solar (

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China India Japan USA Russia Electricity Heat Gas LiquidChina India Japan USA Russia Electricity China India HeatRussia India Japan Electricity Russia USA Heat Russia USA

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

years in each of the three areas of the Center's work: buildings energy efficiency, clean coal and clean vehicles. An official CERC logo was unveiled and the website was launched...

471

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 62 Transport CO2 Emission Reduction under AIS by Fuel57 Figure 67 AIS Power Sector CO2 Emissions Reduction by67 AIS Power Sector CO2 Emissions Reduction by Source Energy

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New EnergyAnatoliaSciraShenhua Guohua Energy Investment

473

China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: Energy Resources JumpPower

474

China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile: EnergyOpenDialogue,Low

475

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

21. China's 2008 Carbon Sequestration by Nonfuel Use ofcontent. Next, carbon sequestration is estimated followingChina-specific carbon sequestration coefficients for non-

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Joint Trade Mission to China | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecemberInitiatives Initiatives Through aEnergyLowJoel B.

477

BEST-Cement for China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin Energy Place: TexasAvoyellesdeA S BiogasBBIBD

478

Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program -Department oftoThese Web sites offer educationalof Energy

479

Saving Energy in China Steel Mills |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systems controller systemsis aSecurity8Nuclearof Energy SaveMy Unique

480

US-China Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy Now Jump to:DevelopmentEnergy InformationAction

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "zhou china energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

US/China Energy and Environmental Technology Center (EETC) international business development and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since January 1997, the US/China Energy and Environmental Technology Center (EETC) in Beijing has been jointly operated by Tulane University and Tsinghua University. EETC is established to encourage the adoption of technologies for energy production with improved environmental performance which are essential for supporting economic growth and managing the Global Warming and Climate Change issues. International cooperation is critical to insure the environmental and energy security on a global basis. For example, the US has acquired a great deal of useful experience in clean coal technology which has been demonstrated with major utilities in commercial operations. The adaption of, and the installation of, clean coal technology should be given high priority. Worldwide, the continuous exchange of information and technology between developed and developing nations relating to the current and future clean coal technologies is of great importance. Developed nations which possess environmental responsive technologies and financial resources should work closely with developing nations to facilitate technology transfer and trade of technologies. International cooperation will lower the cost of deploying clean coal technologies directed toward the clean production of energy. This paper presents the updated activities of EETC on facilitating technology transfer and promoting the clean use of coal to satisfy growing energy demand in China.

Hsieh, S.T. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States). US/China Inst.; Atwood, T. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Qiu Daxiong [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Zhang Guocheng [State Science and Technology Commission, Beijing (China)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L. , Worrell, E. , and Sinton, J. , 2005a. “Designing EnergyPrice, L. , Galitsky, C. , Sinton, J. , Worrell, E. , Graus,Price, L, Worrell, E. , Sinton, J. , and Jiang, Y. , 2003. “

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period 1980 to 2002, China experienced a 5% average annual reduction in energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). The period 2002-2005 saw a dramatic reversal of the historic relationship between energy use and GDP growth: energy use per unit of GDP increased an average of 3.8% per year during this period (NBS, various years). China's 11th Five Year Plan (FYP), which covers the period 2006-2010, required all government divisions at different levels to reduce energy intensity by 20% in five years in order to regain the relationship between energy and GDP growth experienced during the 1980s and 1990s. This report provides an assessment of selected policies and programs that China has instituted in its quest to fulfill the national goal of a 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2010. The report finds that China has made substantial progress toward its goal of achieving 20% energy intensity reduction from 2006 to 2010 and that many of the energy-efficiency programs implemented during the 11th FYP in support of China's 20% energy/GDP reduction goal appear to be on track to meet - or in some cases even exceed - their energy-saving targets. It appears that most of the Ten Key Projects, the Top-1000 Program, and the Small Plant Closure Program are on track to meet or surpass the 11th FYP savings goals. China's appliance standards and labeling program, which was established prior to the 11th FYP, has become very robust during the 11th FYP period. China has greatly enhanced its enforcement of new building energy standards but energy-efficiency programs for buildings retrofits, as well as the goal of adjusting China's economic structure to reduce the share of energy consumed by industry, do not appear to be on track to meet the stated goals. With the implementation of the 11th FYP now bearing fruit, it is important to maintain and strengthen the existing energy-saving policies and programs that are successful while revising programs or adding new policy mechanisms to improve the programs that are not on track to achieve the stated goals.

Levine, Mark D.; Price, Lynn; Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Lu, Hongyou; McNeil, Michael; Zheng, Nina; Yining, Qin; Yowargana, Ping

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

484

Energy Demand in China (Carbon Cycle 2.0)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lynn Price, LBNL scientist, speaks at the Carbon Cycle 2.0 kick-off symposium Feb. 2, 2010. We emit more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future. http://carboncycle2.lbl.gov/

Price, Lynn

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

485

PetroChina Company Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy CoFirstNovosPatriot Wind Inc

486

China-Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic National Park |Chile:Cooperation Jump to:

487

China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JVGroup IndiaChangtuAntecedence | Open Energy

488

China-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculator JumpforPFAN)Energy

489

China Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information

490

Implementing Sustainable Urban Travel Policies in China | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISIIrrigation District

491

Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

because Northern China uses district heating system.of current coal-fired district heating is relatively cheapprice of coal- fired district heating in Northern China make

Feng, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. and China is for other bituminous coal and clean coal.U.S. and China is for other bituminous coal and clean coal.

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

International Transportation Energy Demand Determinants (ITEDD): Prototype Results for China  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0, 1997EnvironmentElectricity GenerationIndustry

494

Building Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan | Department of  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess toSustainableClimateSealingCold Climate ZeroEnergy Building

495

Pan China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar Jump to:Pamukoren Geothermal Area JumpPan

496

Sandia National Laboratories: U.S.-China Clean Energy Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErikGroundbreakingStandardsTCESJBEI ResearchersTrough Coast

497

NREL: International Activities - U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements ofLiz TorresSolectriaProjectsInternal NRELGeospatialA

498

China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information onChemithon842667°,Cheviot,3.Chimayo, New Mexico:

499

China Lake South Range Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake South Range Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation,

500

China Lucky Film Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake South Range Geothermal Project Jump to: