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Sample records for zenith manning squaw

  1. Zenith Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zenith Solar Ltd Place: Qiryat Gat, Israel Zip: 82000 Product: Israel-based developers of a HCPV - highly concentrator PV system for residential and industrial use. References:...

  2. Zenith Materials Technology Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Materials Technology Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zenith Materials Technology Corp. Place: Hsinchu, Taiwan Sector: Solar Product: Taiwan-based manufacturer of solar ingot...

  3. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, moderate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, moderate sensitivity mode, cross-polarized mode Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, moderate ...

  4. Zenith Energy Services P Ltd ZESL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biomass, Services Product: Zenith provides services to project developers, such as feasibility studies, DPR, biomass assessment studies and financial services. References: Zenith...

  5. Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith Instrument Handbook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith Instrument Handbook April 2016 CJ Flynn DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

  6. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, high...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, high sensitivity mode, co-polarized mode Authors: Dan Nelson ; Joseph Hardin ; Iosif 1 ; Bradley Isom ; Karen Johnson ; Nitin ...

  7. MAGIC Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data Final Campaign...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: MAGIC Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data Final Campaign Summary Cloud droplet size and optical depth are the most fundamental properties for understanding cloud ...

  8. Ka-Band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Instrument Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

    2012-03-06

    The Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR) is a zenith-pointing Doppler cloud radar operating at approximately 35 GHz. The KAZR is an evolutionary follow-on radar to ARM's widely successful millimeter-wavelength cloud radar (MMCR). The main purpose of the KAZR is to provide vertical profiles of clouds by measuring the first three Doppler moments: reflectivity, radial Doppler velocity, and spectra width. At the sites where the dual-polarization measurements are made, the Doppler moments for the cross-polarization channel are also available. In addition to the moments, velocity spectra are also continuously recorded for each range gate.

  9. CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site W. J. Wiscombe National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Climate and Radiation Branch Greenbelt, Maryland A. Marshak and K. Evans Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology University of Maryland Baltimore, Maryland Y. Knyazikhin Department of Geography Boston University Boston, Massachusetts H. W. Barker Environment Canada Downsview, Ontario, Canada C. F. Pavloski Department of Meteorology Pennsylvania

  10. Use of the ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Use of the ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith ... situation, with particular emphasis on cloud optical depth and effective particle size. ...

  11. Lara Manning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lara Manning is the FY 2016-2017 ORSSAB Student Representative. She is a senior at Oak Ridge High School where her advanced placement studies in environmental science spurred her interest in...

  12. Carter Co. Harding Co. Perkins Co. Dunn Co. Dawson Co. Fallon Co.

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    PENNEL BUFFALO LITTLE KNIFE FRYBURG MONDAK PLEVNA LOOKOUT BUTTE E ELKHORN RANCH DICKINSON CADY CREEK MEDICINE POLE HILLS BICENTENNIAL ROOSEVELT BIG STICK ROUGH RIDER MONARCH TREE TOP LOOKOUT BUTTE BUCKHORN MEDORA FLAT TOP BUTTE ELAND DEMORES ASH COULEE WHISKEY JOE GAS CITY DAVIS CREEK WINDY RIDGE POKER JIM PLEVNA S KNUTSON STATE LINE BELL BEAR CREEK ELKHORN RANCH N PIERRE CREEK LONE BUTTE ZENITH MANNING SQUAW GAP AMOR STADIUM HEART S HILINE ASH MARY GAYLORD BULL CREEK HALEY SHORT PINE HILLS W

  13. Cascadia Analysis | NISAC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PENNEL BUFFALO LITTLE KNIFE FRYBURG MONDAK PLEVNA LOOKOUT BUTTE E ELKHORN RANCH DICKINSON CADY CREEK MEDICINE POLE HILLS BICENTENNIAL ROOSEVELT BIG STICK ROUGH RIDER MONARCH TREE TOP LOOKOUT BUTTE BUCKHORN MEDORA FLAT TOP BUTTE ELAND DEMORES ASH COULEE WHISKEY JOE GAS CITY DAVIS CREEK WINDY RIDGE POKER JIM PLEVNA S KNUTSON STATE LINE BELL BEAR CREEK ELKHORN RANCH N PIERRE CREEK LONE BUTTE ZENITH MANNING SQUAW GAP AMOR STADIUM HEART S HILINE ASH MARY GAYLORD BULL CREEK HALEY SHORT PINE HILLS W

  14. Aprun MAN Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aprun MAN Page Aprun MAN Page aprun -a arch -b -B -cc cpulist | keyword -cp cpuplacementfilename -d depth -D value -L nodelist -m sizeh|hs -n...

  15. Evaluating Radiometric Measurements Using a Fixed 45 Degrees Responsivity and Zenith Angle Dependent Responsivities (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooraghi, M.; Habte, A.; Reda, I.; Sengupta, M.; Gotseff, P.; Andreas, A.; Anderberg, M.

    2014-03-01

    This poster seeks to demonstrate the importance and application of an existing but unused approach that ultimately reduces the uncertainty of radiometric measurements. Current radiometric data is based on a single responsivity value that introduces significant uncertainty to the data, however, through using responsivity as a function of solar zenith angle, the uncertainty could be decreased by 50%.

  16. One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel August ...

  17. Inferring spatial clouds statistics from limited field-of-view, zenith observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, C.H.; Thorne, L.R.

    1996-04-01

    Many of the Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) measurements produce a time series of zenith observations, but spatial averages are often the desired data product. One possible approach to deriving spatial averages from temporal averages is to invoke Taylor`s hypothesis where and when it is valid. Taylor`s hypothesis states that when the turbulence is small compared with the mean flow, the covariance in time is related to the covariance in space by the speed of the mean flow. For clouds fields, Taylor`s hypothesis would apply when the {open_quotes}local{close_quotes} turbulence is small compared with advective flow (mean wind). The objective of this study is to determine under what conditions Taylor`s hypothesis holds or does not hold true for broken cloud fields.

  18. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy (BioHydrogen) | Department of Energy One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen) BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen) BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen) This infographic was created by students from Nikola Tesla STEM High School in Redmond, WA, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic

  19. Aprun MAN Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aprun » Aprun MAN Page Aprun MAN Page aprun [-a arch ] [-b ] [-B] [-cc cpu_list | keyword ] [-cp cpu_placement_file_name ] [-d depth ] [-D value ] [-L node_list ] [-m size[h|hs] ] [-n pes ] [-N pes_per_node ][-F access mode ] [-q ] [-r cores][-S pes_per_numa_node ] [-sl list_of_numa_nodes ] [-sn numa_nodes_per_node ] [-ss ] [-T ] [-t sec ] executable [ arguments_for_executable ] IMPLEMENTATION Cray Linux Environment (CLE) DESCRIPTION To run an application on CNL compute nodes, use the

  20. ED F Man Holdings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ED F Man Holdings Jump to: navigation, search Name: ED&F Man Holdings Place: England, United Kingdom Product: ED&F Man is a vertically integrated service provider, encompassing the...

  1. MAN Solar Millennium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Millennium Jump to: navigation, search Name: MAN Solar Millennium Place: Essen, Germany Zip: 45128 Sector: Solar Product: JV between MAN Ferrostaal and Solar Millennium to...

  2. Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fielding, M. D.; Chiu, J. C.; Hogan, R. J.; Feingold, G.; Eloranta, E.; O'Connor, E. J.; Cadeddu, M. P.

    2015-02-16

    Active remote sensing of marine boundary-layer clouds is challenging as drizzle drops often dominate the observed radar reflectivity. We present a new method to simultaneously retrieve cloud and drizzle vertical profiles in drizzling boundary-layer cloud using surface-based observations of radar reflectivity, lidar attenuated backscatter, and zenith radiances. Specifically, the vertical structure of droplet size and water content of both cloud and drizzle is characterised throughout the cloud. An ensemble optimal estimation approach provides full error statistics given the uncertainty in the observations. To evaluate the new method, we first perform retrievals using synthetic measurements from large-eddy simulation snapshots of cumulusmore » under stratocumulus, where cloud water path is retrieved with an error of 31 g m−2. The method also performs well in non-drizzling clouds where no assumption of the cloud profile is required. We then apply the method to observations of marine stratocumulus obtained during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement MAGIC deployment in the northeast Pacific. Here, retrieved cloud water path agrees well with independent 3-channel microwave radiometer retrievals, with a root mean square difference of 10–20 g m−2.« less

  3. Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fielding, M. D.; Chiu, J. C.; Hogan, R. J.; Feingold, G.; Eloranta, E.; O'Connor, E. J.; Cadeddu, M. P.

    2015-07-02

    Active remote sensing of marine boundary-layer clouds is challenging as drizzle drops often dominate the observed radar reflectivity. We present a new method to simultaneously retrieve cloud and drizzle vertical profiles in drizzling boundary-layer clouds using surface-based observations of radar reflectivity, lidar attenuated backscatter, and zenith radiances under conditions when precipitation does not reach the surface. Specifically, the vertical structure of droplet size and water content of both cloud and drizzle is characterised throughout the cloud. An ensemble optimal estimation approach provides full error statistics given the uncertainty in the observations. To evaluate the new method, we first perform retrievalsmore » using synthetic measurements from large-eddy simulation snapshots of cumulus under stratocumulus, where cloud water path is retrieved with an error of 31 g m-2. The method also performs well in non-drizzling clouds where no assumption of the cloud profile is required. We then apply the method to observations of marine stratocumulus obtained during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement MAGIC deployment in the Northeast Pacific. Here, retrieved cloud water path agrees well with independent three-channel microwave radiometer retrievals, with a root mean square difference of 10–20 g m-2.« less

  4. Groundwater Under Review Marathon Man

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Under Review Marathon Man NNSS team welcomes peer review of groundwater program. Nevada Teams compete in the National Science Bowl in Washington. NSTec runner finishes first Boston Marathon. See page 7. See page 6. NNSS Roads Getting a Fresh Makeover Highways, roads, parking lots - any place that has seen at least 60 years of traffic like the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) has - will experience some normal wear and tear. That is why National Security Technologies (NSTec) is doing some

  5. Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki August 09, 1945 Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki Nagasaki, Japan The implosion model plutonium bomb, called Fat Man, is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan....

  6. MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name: MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated Place: Cleveland Zip: 44122 Product: Project developer and engineering company and US-based operating...

  7. EERE Success Story-One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel EERE Success Story-One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel August 25, 2015 - 3:08pm ...

  8. Use of the ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes & Aerosol-Cloud Interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiu, Jui-Yuan Christine

    2014-04-10

    This project focuses on cloud-radiation processes in a general three-dimensional cloud situation, with particular emphasis on cloud optical depth and effective particle size. The proposal has two main parts. Part one exploits the large number of new wavelengths offered by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) zenith-pointing ShortWave Spectrometer (SWS), to develop better retrievals not only of cloud optical depth but also of cloud particle size. We also take advantage of the SWS’ high sampling resolution to study the “twilight zone” around clouds where strong aerosol-cloud interactions are taking place. Part two involves continuing our cloud optical depth and cloud fraction retrieval research with ARM’s 2-channel narrow vield-of-view radiometer and sunphotometer instrument by, first, analyzing its data from the ARM Mobile Facility deployments, and second, making our algorithms part of ARM’s operational data processing.

  9. Large scale distribution of ultra high energy cosmic rays detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory with zenith angles up to 80°

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aab, Alexander

    2015-03-30

    In this study, we present the results of an analysis of the large angular scale distribution of the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above 4 EeV detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory including for the first time events with zenith angle between 60° and 80°. We perform two Rayleigh analyses, one in the right ascension and one in the azimuth angle distributions, that are sensitive to modulations in right ascension and declination, respectively. The largest departure from isotropy appears in the $E\\gt 8$ EeV energy bin, with an amplitude for the first harmonic in right ascension $r_{1}^{\\alpha }=(4.4\\pm 1.0)\\times {{10}^{-2}}$, that has a chance probability $P(\\geqslant r_{1}^{\\alpha })=6.4\\times {{10}^{-5}}$, reinforcing the hint previously reported with vertical events alone.

  10. Large scale distribution of ultra high energy cosmic rays detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory with zenith angles up to 80°

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aab, Alexander

    2015-03-30

    In this study, we present the results of an analysis of the large angular scale distribution of the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above 4 EeV detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory including for the first time events with zenith angle between 60° and 80°. We perform two Rayleigh analyses, one in the right ascension and one in the azimuth angle distributions, that are sensitive to modulations in right ascension and declination, respectively. The largest departure from isotropy appears in themore » $$E\\gt 8$$ EeV energy bin, with an amplitude for the first harmonic in right ascension $$r_{1}^{\\alpha }=(4.4\\pm 1.0)\\times {{10}^{-2}}$$, that has a chance probability $$P(\\geqslant r_{1}^{\\alpha })=6.4\\times {{10}^{-5}}$$, reinforcing the hint previously reported with vertical events alone.« less

  11. MAN or FA from n-butane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di Cio, A.; Verde, L.

    1985-08-01

    Unsaturated polyester resins were first produced mostly from fumaric acid (FA) rather than from maleic anhydride (MAN). This is perfectly understandable if we consider that, using fumaric acid as raw material, polycondensates with a more homogeneous (less branched) structure are obtained, thus producing resins characterized by a more uniform and reproducible chemical and mechanical properties. Presently, for economical reasons, fumaric acid is used marginally as a MAN substitute in the production of polyester resins. These resins account for a major share (50%) of the overall MAN consumption in the U.S. and in Western Europe.

  12. Genius Man Announcement | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Unveils High-Tech Superhero, GENIUS MAN Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to...

  13. MAN Ferrostaal AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: MAN Ferrostaal AG Place: Essen, Germany Zip: 45128 Sector: Solar Product: Germany-based firm that focuses on the development and realisation of...

  14. Jefferson Lab finds its man Mont (Inside Business) | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesjefferson-lab-finds-its-man-mont-inside-business Jefferson Lab finds its man Mont Hugh Montgomery Hugh Montgomery, a British nuclear physicist...

  15. Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3...

  16. EERE Success Story-One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel | Department of Energy One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel EERE Success Story-One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel August 25, 2015 - 3:08pm Addthis A worker drives a material handling train powered by hydrogen fuel cells at the BMW plant in Greer, South Carolina. The plant is home to the world's largest fleet of fuel cell forklifts. | Photo courtesy of BMW

  17. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen) This infographic was created by students from Nikola Tesla STEM High School in Redmond, WA, as part of the U.S. Department ...

  18. Pantex Falling Man - Independent Review Panel Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertolini, Louis; Brannon, Nathan; Olson, Jared; Price, Bernard; Wardle, Robert; Steinzig, Mike; Winfield, Michael

    2014-11-01

    Consolidated Nuclear Security (CNS) Pantex took the initiative to organize a Review Panel of subject matter experts to independently assess the adequacy of the Pantex Tripping Man Analysis methodology. The purpose of this report is to capture the details of the assessment including the scope, approach, results, and detailed Appendices. Along with the assessment of the analysis methodology, the panel evaluated the adequacy with which the methodology was applied as well as congruence with Department of Energy (DOE) standards 3009 and 3016. The approach included the review of relevant documentation, interactive discussion with Pantex staff, and the iterative process of evaluating critical lines of inquiry.

  19. Geohazards: Natural and man-made

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCall, G.J.H.; Laming, D.J.C.; Scott, S.C.

    1992-01-01

    This book of conference presentations from a meeting of the Geological Society of London in 1989 includes 20 papers grouped in 5 sections. Sections include the following: volcanos; earthquakes; landslides; quiet hazards such as sea-level changes and loss of soils or biodiversity; discussion of the question of what can be done to reduce such disasters. Interaction of man's activities to initiate disasters, to increase the scope of disasters and/or to mitigate them is included in a number of papers. In the fourth section a final paper provides a summary of the food-soil, energy-climate, waste-garbage, and water-contamination interactions.

  20. Values and the quantum conception of man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stapp, H.P.

    1995-06-01

    Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.

  1. City of Manning, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712-655-3214 or (712) 655-2176 Website: www.manningia.commaintenance- Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesManning-Chamber-of-Commerce...

  2. Not normally manned compression platforms for the North Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumaran, K.S.

    1994-12-31

    Gas turbine driven gas compressors have been widely used on manned offshore facilities. Similarly unmanned gas turbine driven compressor stations have been in operation onshore with major gas transmission companies in Europe, North America and elsewhere. This paper summarizes a recent joint industry study to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of Not Normally Manned (NNM) Offshore Compression Facilities in terms of reliability, availability and maintainability. Classification of not normally manned (or unmanned) offshore facilities in the UK North Sea is in accordance with HSE Operations Notice 8. ON8 specifies criteria for offshore visits, visit hours and number of personnel on board for the operation of NNM platforms. This paper describes a typical Southern North Sea gas platform being considered for NNM compressor application. The conclusions from the study was that NNM compression is technically feasible with the facilities being able to provide an availability in excess of 98%. Life cycle costs were of the order of 70% of manned facilities thus significantly improving field development economics.

  3. Space nuclear reactor shields for manned and unmanned applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKissock, B.I.; Bloomfield, H.S.

    1994-09-01

    Missions which use nuclear reactor power systems require radiation shielding of payload and/or crew areas to predetermined dose rates. Since shielding can become a significant fraction of the total mass of the system, it is of interest to show the effect of various parameters on shield thickness and mass for manned and unmanned applications. Algorithms were developed to give the thicknesses needed if reactor thermal power, separation distances, and dose rates are given as input. The thickness algorithms were combined with models for four different shield geometries to allow tradeoff studies of shield volume and mass for a variety of manned and unmanned missions. Shield design tradeoffs presented in this study include the effects of: Higher allowable dose rates; radiation hardened electronics; shorter crew exposure times; shield geometry; distance of the payload and/or crew from the reactor; and changes in the size of the shielded area. Specific NASA missions that were considered in this study include unmanned outer planetary exploration, manned advanced/evolutionary space station, and advanced manned lunar base.

  4. Zenith Radiance Retrieval of Cloud Properties

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Preliminary retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC The cloud optical properties of interest are: The cloud optical properties of interest are: * Cloud optical depth τ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud

  5. WIPP Workers Reach Two Million Man-Hours Without a Lost-Time...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Workers Reach Two Million Man-Hours Without a Lost-Time Accident CARLSBAD, N.M., February ... a safety milestone Feb. 19 by working two million man-hours without a lost-time accident. ...

  6. Optimization of perigee burns for manned interplanetary missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madsen, W.W.; Olson, T.S.; Siahpush, A.S.

    1991-01-01

    In choosing an engine concept for the rocket vehicle to be used for the initial manned exploration of Mars, the two main factors in the decision should be what can be feasibly built and flight qualified within approximately the next 20 years, and what level of engine performance is required to safely perform these missions. In order to reduce the overall cost in developing this next generation space transportation system, it would be desirable to have a single engine design that could be used for a broad class of missions (for example, cargo and piloted lunar and Mars missions, orbit transfers around the Earth, and robotic missions to the planets). The engine thrust that is needed for manned Mars missions is addressed in this paper. We find that these missions are best served by a thrust level around 75,000 lbf to 100,000 lbf, and a thrust-to-engine weight ratio of about three. This thrust level might best be obtained by clustering five 15,000 lbf or 20,000 lbf engines. It may be better to throttle the engines back from full power between perigee burns, rather than shutting down. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  7. Man-made objects cuing in satellite imagery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N

    2009-01-01

    We present a multi-scale framework for man-made structures cuing in satellite image regions. The approach is based on a hierarchical image segmentation followed by structural analysis. A hierarchical segmentation produces an image pyramid that contains a stack of irregular image partitions, represented as polygonized pixel patches, of successively reduced levels of detail (LOOs). We are jumping off from the over-segmented image represented by polygons attributed with spectral and texture information. The image is represented as a proximity graph with vertices corresponding to the polygons and edges reflecting polygon relations. This is followed by the iterative graph contraction based on Boruvka's Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) construction algorithm. The graph contractions merge the patches based on their pairwise spectral and texture differences. Concurrently with the construction of the irregular image pyramid, structural analysis is done on the agglomerated patches. Man-made object cuing is based on the analysis of shape properties of the constructed patches and their spatial relations. The presented framework can be used as pre-scanning tool for wide area monitoring to quickly guide the further analysis to regions of interest.

  8. Historical developments and perspectives in inorganic fiber toxicity in man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selikoff, I.J. )

    1990-08-01

    The first patient known to have died from asbestosis (1900) began work in 1885, approximately 5 years after the industrial use of asbestos began in Britain. Mineral particles were found in his lungs. No special comment was made of their fibrous nature then nor when the first case was reported in 1924. The various neoplasms attributed to asbestos in the next decades posed an additional question: what influence did the fibrous shape of the particles have on carcinogenic potential The cogency of the problem was amplified by the identification in humans of asbestoslike neoplasms with a fiber other than asbestos (erionite) and by the production of such neoplasms in experimental animals with a variety of man-made inorganic fibers, often used as substitutes for asbestos. The lessons learned about asbestos may help guide us in evaluating current fiber problems.

  9. The Engineering Design of Man-Machine Interface for RTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yenn, T.-C.

    2002-02-26

    The purpose of this paper is to present the engineering design of the advanced Man-Machine Interface (MMI) of the Integrated system for Radwaste Treatment and Storage (RTS) facility in Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) Taiwan, ROC. To build the RTS, a multi-function radwaste facility with a total storage of about 10,000 drums, is a five-year project starting in 2000 including intermediate activity waste treatment and combustible waste storage. The completed engineering design of the MMI is based on proven technologies and digital control systems, enhancing the radwaste management efficiency and reliability of operator's performance as well as assuring the dose exposure of personnel meeting the regulation standard. Over past few years, INER has accumulated extensive experience in the area of radwaste treatment and storage. Therefore, we are confident that we will complete this project with fulfillment of the requirements of RTS.

  10. Engineering the Assembly of Heme Cofactors in Man-Made Proteins...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Engineering the Assembly of Heme Cofactors in Man-Made Proteins Authors: Solomon, Lee A. ; Kodali, Goutham ; Moser, Christopher C. ; Dutton, P. Leslie Publication Date:...

  11. U.S. SOCOM Grand Challenge #3: NREL Technical Roadmap for a Man...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... other man-portable power systems, vehicles, and mobile ... Technical Approach B: H2 Fuel Cell + Peaking Battery ... are introduced to the (PEM) fuel cell poison the ...

  12. Elemental concentrations in bones from an ancient Egyptian mummy and from a recent man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cholewa, M.; Kwiatek, W.M.; Jones, K.W.; Schidlovsky, G.; Paschoa, A.S.; Miller, S.C.; Pecotte, J.

    1986-06-01

    Differences in elemental concentrations in bones taken from an ancient Egyptian mummy and a contemporary man were investigated by using proton induced x-ray emission (PIXE) in combination with Rutherford backscattering (RBS). Remarkable differences were noticed in the Fe/Ca and Pb/Ca relative concentrations, which were consistently higher in the contemporary man. 5 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 Software Validation and Verification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, David

    2014-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve stores crude oil in caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. The CaveMan software program has been used since the late 1990s as one tool to analyze pressure mea- surements monitored at each cavern. The purpose of this monitoring is to catch potential cavern integrity issues as soon as possible. The CaveMan software was written in Microsoft Visual Basic, and embedded in a Microsoft Excel workbook; this method of running the CaveMan software is no longer sustainable. As such, a new version called CaveMan Enter- prise has been developed. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 does not have any changes to the CaveMan numerical models. CaveMan Enterprise represents, instead, a change from desktop-managed work- books to an enterprise framework, moving data management into coordinated databases and porting the numerical modeling codes into the Python programming language. This document provides a report of the code validation and verification testing.

  14. A man-made enhanced geothermal system (EGS) can extract the abundant...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    man-made enhanced geothermal system (EGS) can extract the abundant heat resource tens of thousands of feet below the surface and put it to good use. This would require: With an ...

  15. DEPARTlIiIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lAUIl) u.s. DEPARTlIiIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:Ocean Engineering and Energy Systems Intemational, Inc. (OCEES) Page lof3 STATE: ...

  16. Jack Case ? the man who helped bring uranium machining to Y...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the man who helped bring uranium machining to Y-12 Most of you realize that Y-12 is basically a huge and very precise machine shop. For years it has been the nation's only uranium...

  17. Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction This is a collaborative project with the NASA GSFC project of Dr. A. Marshak and W. Wiscombe (PIs). This report covers BU activities from February 2011 to June 2011 and BU "no-cost extension" activities from June 2011 to June 2012. This report summarizes results that complement a final technical report submitted by the PIs in 2011.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knyazikhin, Y

    2012-09-10

    Main results are summarized for work in these areas: spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf area of Amazon forests from leaf flushing and abscission; and Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements.

  18. Code System for Calculating Radiation Exposure to Man from Routine Release of Nuclear Reactor Liquid Effluents.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1980-02-29

    Version 00 LADTAP II calculates the radiation exposure to man from potable water, aquatic foods, shoreline deposits, swimming, boating, and irrigated foods, and also the dose to biota. Doses are calculated for both the maximum individual and for the population and are summarized for each pathway by age group and organ. It also calculates the doses to certain representative biota other than man in the aquatic environment such as fish, invertebrates, algae, muskrats, raccoons, herons,more » and ducks using models presented in WASH-1258.« less

  19. Jefferson Lab Man Donates Bone Marrow to Save 12-Year-Old Boy | Jefferson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Man Donates Bone Marrow to Save 12-Year-Old Boy Jefferson Lab Man Donates Bone Marrow to Save 12-Year-Old Boy April 22, 2002 Leon Reynolds: son, husband, father, former Marine and teacher, accelerator operator and most recently, bone marrow donor. Last month, Reynolds became Jefferson Lab's first person in corporate memory to become a marrow donor. He entered the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) registry on Oct. 11, 2000, when the Lab sponsored a bone marrow registry drive in

  20. Can an Iron Man Suit Be Made?: Science Behind Superheroes | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Can an Iron Man Suit Be Made?: Science Behind Superheroes Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Can an Iron Man Suit Be Made?: Science Behind Superheroes Rick Arthur 2013.06.17 On Friday, I hosted a live Reddit Q&A on the Science Behind Superheroes along with several other GE researchers,

  1. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): filtered spectral data, moderate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Joseph Hardin ; Dan Nelson ; Iosif 1 ; Bradley Isom ; Karen Johnson ; Alyssa Matthews ; Nitin Bharadwaj + Show Author Affiliations (Andrei) Lindenmaier Publication Date: ...

  2. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Joseph Hardin ; Dan Nelson ; Iosif 1 ; Bradley Isom ; Karen Johnson ; Alyssa Matthews ; Nitin Bharadwaj + Show Author Affiliations (Andrei) Lindenmaier Publication Date: ...

  3. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): precipitation mode (Dataset...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Joseph Hardin ; Dan Nelson ; Iosif 1 ; Bradley Isom ; Karen Johnson ; Alyssa Matthews ; Nitin Bharadwaj + Show Author Affiliations (Andrei) Lindenmaier Publication Date: ...

  4. MAGIC Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data Final Campaign Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiu, J. -Y.C.; Gregory, L.; Wagener, R.

    2016-01-01

    Cloud droplet size and optical depth are the most fundamental properties for understanding cloud formation, dissipation and interactions with aerosol and drizzle. They are also a crucial determinant of Earth’s radiative and water-energy balances. However, these properties are poorly predicted in climate models. As a result, the response of clouds to climate change is one of the major sources of uncertainty in climate prediction.

  5. Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer (NFOV) Handbook (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    With a one-second sampling rate of the NFOV2, faster than almost any other ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) instrument, we are able, for the first time, to capture changes in ...

  6. Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer (NFOV) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiu, C; Marshak, A; Hodges, G; Barnard, JC; Schmelzer, J

    2008-11-01

    The two-channel narrow field-of-view radiometer (NFOV2) is a ground-based radiometer that looks straight up and measures radiance directly above the instrument at wavelengths of 673 and 870 nm. The field-of-view of the instrument is 1.2 degrees, and the sampling time resolution is one second. Measurements of the NFOV2 have been used to retrieve optical properties for overhead clouds that range from patchy to overcast. With a one-second sampling rate of the NFOV2, faster than almost any other ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) instrument, we are able, for the first time, to capture changes in cloud optical properties at the natural time scale of cloud evolution.

  7. ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith, Radiance and Transmitta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Shortwave spectral direct normal irradiance; Shortwave ...

  8. ARM: Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): cirrus mode (Dataset) | Data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OSTI Identifier: 1025213 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak ...

  9. Estimated dose to man from uranium milling via the terrestrial food-chain pathway

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayno, D.R.

    1982-01-01

    One of the major pathways of radiological exposure to man from uranium milling operations is through the terrestrial food chain. Studies by various investigators have shown the extent of uptake and distribution of U-238, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-210, and Po-210 in plants and animals. These long-lived natural radioisotopes, all nuclides of the uranium decay series, are found in concentrated amounts in uranium mill tailings. Data from these investigations are used to estimate the dose to man from consumption of beef and milk contaminated by the tailings. This dose estimate from this technologically enhanced source is compared with that from average normal dietary intake of these radionuclides from natural sources.

  10. The man who trains everyone on the bombs | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration | (NNSA) The man who trains everyone on the bombs Monday, October 19, 2015 - 10:50am Mark Meyer, training coordinator and field engineer at Sandia. Mark Meyer, training coordinator and field engineer at Sandia National Laboratories. Over the past five years, Mark Meyer, training coordinator and field engineer at Sandia National Laboratories, has introduced thousands of people across the Department of Energy and Department of Defense nuclear enterprise to the inner workings of

  11. AmeriFlux CA-Man Manitoba - Northern Old Black Spruce (former BOREAS Northern Study Area)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Amiro, Brian [University of Manitoba

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site CA-Man Manitoba - Northern Old Black Spruce (former BOREAS Northern Study Area). Site Description - 55.880° N, 98.481° W, elevation of 259 m, Boreal coniferous: Black spruce; occasional larch present in poorly-drained areas. Groundcover is moss (feathermosses and Sphagnum), Labrador Tea, Vaccinium, and willows are a main component of the understory. It was established in 1993 as a BOREAS site.

  12. Preconceptual systems and equipment for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, C.L.; O'Rourke, J.E.; Allirot, D.; O'Connor, K.

    1980-09-01

    This report presents results of a study leading to preconceptual designs for plugging boreholes, shafts, and tunnels to a nuclear waste repository in basalt. Beginning design criteria include a list of preferred plug materials and plugging machines that were selected to suit the environmental conditions, and depths, diameters, and orientations of the accesses to a nuclear waste repository in the Columbia River basalts located in eastern Washington State. The environmental conditions are described. The fiscal year 1979-1980 Task II work is presented in two parts: preliminary testing of materials for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt (described in a separate report); and preconceptual systems and equipment for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt (described in this report). To fulfill the scope of the Task II work, Woodward-Clyde Consultants (WCC) was requested to: provide preconceptual systems for plugging boreholes, tunnels, and shafts in basalt; describe preconceptual borehole plugging equipment for placing the selected materials in man-made accesses; utilize the quality assurance program, program plan and schedule, and work plans previously developed for Task II; and prepare a preliminary report.

  13. STATES GOVERI TO :H. J. He&man, Chief, Tonaw&da Sub-Of&e DATE...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    STATES GOVERI TO :H. J. He&man, Chief, Tonaw&da Sub-Of&e DATE: ,i; .; .c. sgmbo1: PPS:W:mjf .. ,i. -'. i:.. :: (PPS447-53) I ..-:;..c. ' ..I-,-.. . i .,,. " :, ,, .T. ....

  14. The Manning School Triumphs in Middle School Science Bowl - News Releases |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project A brief History of the Manhattan Project: Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling, The Manhattan Project, 2012, 10 p. The Manhattan Project.pdf (60.9 KB) More Documents & Publications Fehner and Gosling, Origins of the Nevada Test Site Fehner and Gosling, Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951-1963. Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site, Volume I Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb NREL

    The Manning School

  15. A man-made enhanced geothermal system (EGS) can extract the abundant heat resour

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    man-made enhanced geothermal system (EGS) can extract the abundant heat resource tens of thousands of feet below the surface and put it to good use. This would require: With an enhanced geothermal reservoir, you can generate power anywhere with hot rocks at depth! What makes EGS? + + Small pathways to conduct fluid through the hot rocks Fluid to carry heat from the rocks Abundant heat found in rocks at depth Abundant heat found in rocks at depth Limited pathways to conduct fluid Insufficient

  16. Manned balloons a calibration tool for air and space based remote sensing measurements in atmospheric research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Euskirchen, J.; Nebendahl, P.

    1996-10-01

    Remote sensing is accepted as a necessity in science, defense, environmental modelling and politics all over the world. Nevertheless there is sometimes low confidence in measured values achieved by remote sensing and measuring techniques. One of the authors developed sensors in the field of optics (especially visible and IR) and in application development in the field of thermography. Therefore we think that, for example, in the complex field of vertical profiles of photochemistry in gases and aerosols punctual in situ measurements from manned balloons can rise the confidence in values covering large areas achieved by plane or satellite carried scanners. Those values are necessary for global modelling. 5 refs.

  17. Application of a neptune propulsion concept to a manned mars excursion. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finley, C.J.

    1993-04-01

    NEPTUNE is a multimegawatt electric propulsion system. It uses a proven compact nuclear thermal rocket, NERVA, in a closed cycle with a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator to power a magnetoplasmadynamic (MPD) thruster. This thesis defines constraints on an externally sourced propulsion system intended to carry out a manned Martian excursion. It assesses NEPTUNE's ability to conform to these constraints. Because an unmodified NEPTUNE system is too large, the thesis develops modifications to the system which reduce its size. The result is a far less proven, but more useful derivative of the unmodified NEPTUNE system.

  18. Allocatin of functions in man-machine systems: a perspective and literature review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, H. E.; Maisano, R. E.; Van Cott, H. P.

    1982-06-01

    This report reviews the literature relevant to allocation of functions and presents a procedure for the allocation process applicable to nuclear power plant control rooms. An historical perspective of man's relationship with technology is given as background. Methods and models that have been developed to aid the allocation process are then considered, followed by examples of real-world applications. The relationship of allocation of function to the system development process is outlined. The report then turns to the proposed procedure of the allocation process.

  19. Survivability of ancient man-made earthen mounds: implications for uranium mill tailings impoundments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, C.G.; Mishima, J.; King, S.E.; Walters, W.H.

    1983-06-01

    As part of a study for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is investigating long-term stabilization techniques for uranium mill impoundments. Part of this investigation involves the design of a rock armoring blanket (riprap) to mitigate wind and water erosion of the underlying soil cover, which in turn prevents exposure of the tailings to the environment. However, the need for the armoring blanket, as well as the blanket's effectiveness, depends on the stability of the underlying soil cap (radon suppression cover) and on the tailings themselves. Compelling evidence in archaeological records suggests that large man-made earthen structures can remain sound and intact for time periods comparable to those required for the stabilization of the tailings piles if properly constructed. We present archaeological evidence on the existence and survivability of man-made earthen and rock structures through specific examples of such structures from around the world. We also review factors contributing to their survival or destruction and address the influence of climate, building materials, and construction techniques on survivability.

  20. Automated biometric access control system for two-man-rule enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holmes, J.P.; Maxwell, R.L. ); Henderson, R.W. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper describes a limited access control system for nuclear facilities which makes use of the eye retinal identity verifier to control the passage of personnel into and out of one or a group of security controlled working areas. This access control system requires no keys, cards or credentials. The user simply enters his Personal Identification Number (PIN) and takes an eye reading to request passage. The PIN does not have to be kept secret. The system then relies on biometric identity verification of the user, along with other system information, to make the decision of whether or not to unlock the door. It also enforces multiple zones control with personnel tracking and the two-man-rule.

  1. Assessment of clinical significance of anti-Ge in an untransfused man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearson, H.A.; Richards, V.L.; Wylie, B.R.; Bruce, D.; Watt, J.M.; Wilkie, D.; Kronenberg, H. )

    1991-03-01

    A 19-year-old, untransfused Melanesian man from Papua New Guinea was admitted to the hospital for repair of an atrial septal defect. His serum contained an alloantibody that reacted strongly on the indirect antiglobulin test and was identified as anti-Ge. Gerbich-negative blood was transfused following urgent surgery. A 51Cr red cell survival study performed 2 weeks after surgery yielded zero survival of Gerbich-positive cells after 24 hours. A monocyte-driven, antibody-dependent, cell-mediated cytotoxicity assay performed on both pretransfusion and posttransfusion serum samples and on concentrated serum showed less than 1 percent specific lysis of Gerbich-positive cells. This did not correlate with the indication of clinical significance predicted by the 51Cr study. Red cell adherence and phagocytosis, not evident in a monocyte monolayer assay using native serum, were demonstrable in 16 percent of monocytes by the use of concentrated serum.

  2. Tumorigenicity of fine man-made fibers after intratracheal administrations to hamsters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adachi, Shuichi; Takemoto, Kazuo ); Kimura, Kikuzi )

    1991-02-01

    Six types of man-made fibers were administered intratracheally (2.0 mg/animal each a week, for 5 weeks; total 10 mg/animal) to female Syrian hamsters that were observed histologically for 2 years after administration. The fibers were rock wool, fiberglass, potassium titanate fiber, calcium sulfate fiber, basic magnesium sulfate fiber, and metaphosphate fiber. Tumors were observed in hamsters that had received basic magnesium sulfate fiber (9/20), metaphosphate fiber (6/20), calcium sulfate fiber (3/20), and fiberglass (2/20) but not in the control, rock wool, or potassium titanate fiber groups. The primary sites of the tumors were not only in the pleural cavity but also in the intracelial organs, kidney, adrenal gland, bladder, and uterus. Only a few of the tumors were identified as mesotheliomas, by histological examination. In addition to neoplastic lesions, fibrosis, pleural thickening, and chronic inflammatory changes in the lungs were observed in the hamsters, but these changes appeared too mild to foster a pneumoconiosis such as asbestosis.

  3. Calculation of Radiation Dose to Man from Radionuclides in the Environment.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1981-02-17

    ARRRG permits rapid and consistent estimates of the radiation dose and dose commitment to man resulting from radioactive materials released to the environment. It is designed to calculate the dose and dose commitment following an accumulation of radionuclides in the environment from one year's ingestion of contaminated food products and from one year's external radiation exposure. ARRRG addresses aquatic exposure pathways. ARRRG can compute doses for five ingestion pathways such as fish, other aquatic animalsmore » or plants, or drinking water, as well as three external pathways: swimming, boating, or shoreline exposure. ARRRG calculates one-year doses and dose commitments from any one or combination of radionuclides for which sufficient biological data are available. As many as five of 23 possible organs and tissues, and mixtures of up to 100 radionuclides may be selected in any one case. The user may select up to 14 food categories with corresponding consumption rates, growing periods, and either irrigation rates or atmospheric deposition rates. These foods include various kinds of produce, grains, and animal products.« less

  4. Open air refuse burning video: Proton Dan the science man explores open air refuse burning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eastburn, M.D.; Sipple, J.L.; Deramo, A.R.

    1999-07-01

    The goal of this video is to educate school children to the potential hazards of open air trash burning; to demonstrate alternative ways to dispose of trash; and to motivate students to take action to change the behavior of their parents with regard to trash burning. The burning of household trash, although illegal, is still a common practice in rural areas of Delaware. Enforcement has been difficult because the practice is often performed at night and is done across a wide rural area that is difficult to patrol on a continuing basis. The prohibition on trash burning (revised Regulation 13 of The Delaware Code of Regulations Governing The Control of Air Pollution) has been in effect since 1968, but the public has been slow to comply because trash burning has been practiced for many generations and because much of the public is unaware of the environmental impacts and/or the human health risks. This video may be valuable for other States to use as a public outreach tool regarding their problems with open air refuse burning. The focus of the video is a 7th grade science class is given various assignments relating to Earth Day and preservation of natural resources. Two children in particular are given the assignment to research and report on the hazards of open air trash burning and are asked to investigate alternative ways to dispose of refuse. Upon brainstorming how to find information on the topic, the kids decide to contact the host of a popular children's science show on broadcast television named Proton Dan the Science Man (a fictitious character and show based on Bill Nye the Science Guy). The host then invites the kids to the studio where he films his show and takes them through the topic. The TV host character takes the children to several external locations like a landfill, recycling centers, etc..

  5. CaveMan Version 3.0: A Software System for SPR Cavern Pressure Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BALLARD,SANFORD; EHGARTNER,BRIAN L.

    2000-07-01

    The U. S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve currently has approximately 500 million barrels of crude oil stored in 62 caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. One of the challenges of operating these caverns is ensuring that none of the fluids in the caverns are leaking into the environment. The current approach is to test the mechanical integrity of all the wells entering each cavern approximately once every five years. An alternative approach to detecting cavern leaks is to monitor the cavern pressure, since leaking fluid would act to reduce cavern pressure. Leak detection by pressure monitoring is complicated by other factors that influence cavern pressure, the most important of which are thermal expansion and contraction of the fluids in the cavern as they come into thermal equilibrium with the host salt, and cavern volume reduction due to salt creep. Cavern pressure is also influenced by cavern enlargement resulting from salt dissolution following introduction of raw water or unsaturated brine into the cavern. However, this effect only lasts for a month or two following a fluid injection. In order to implement a cavern pressure monitoring program, a software program called CaveMan has been developed. It includes thermal, creep and salt dissolution models and is able to predict the cavern pressurization rate based on the operational history of the cavern. Many of the numerous thermal and mechanical parameters in the model have been optimized to produce the best match between the historical data and the model predictions. Future measurements of cavern pressure are compared to the model predictions, and significant differences in cavern pressure set program flags that notify cavern operators of a potential problem. Measured cavern pressures that are significantly less than those predicted by the model may indicate the existence of a leak.

  6. Calculation of Accumulated Radiation Doses to Man from Radionuclides Found in Food Products and from Radionuclides in the Environment.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1981-02-17

    PABLM calculates internal radiation doses to man from radionuclides in food products and external radiation doses from radionuclides in the environment. It can be used to calculate accumulated doses to 23 possible body organs or tissues for any one or a combination of radionuclides. Radiation doses from radionuclides in the environment may be calculated from deposition on the soil or plants during an atmospheric or liquid release, or from exposure to residual radionuclides in themore » environment after the releases have ended. Radioactive decay is considered during the release of radionuclides, after they are deposited on the plants or ground, and during holdup of food after harvest. A chain decay scheme is used; it includes branching to account for transitions to and from isomeric states. Doses may be calculated for either a maximum-exposed individual or for a population group. The doses calculated are accumulated doses from continuous chronic exposure. A first-year committed dose is calculated as well as an integrated dose for a selected number of years.« less

  7. Phased Array Approach To Retrieve Gases, Liquids, Or Solids From Subsurface And Subaqueous Geologic Or Man-Made Formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rynne, Timothy M.; Spadaro, John F.; Iovenitti, Joe L.; Dering, John P.; Hill, Donald G.

    1998-10-27

    A method of enhancing the remediation of contaminated soils and ground water, production of oil and gas, and production of any solid, gas, and/or liquid from subsurface geologic and man-made formations including the steps of estimating the geometric boundaries of the region containing the material to be recovered, drilling a recovery well(s) into subsurface in a strategic location to recover the material of interest, establishing multiple sources of acoustical power in an array about and spaced-apart from the surface or at various depths below the surface in a borehole(s) and/or well(s), directing a volume of acoustical excitation from the sources into the region containing the material to be recovered, the excitation in the form of either controllable sinusoidal, square, pulsed, or various combinations of these three waveforms, and controlling the phasing, frequency, power, duration, and direction of these waveforms from the sources to increase and control the intensity of acoustical excitation in the region of the material to be recovered to enhance. the recovery of said material from the recovery well(s). The invention will augment any technology affecting the removal of materials from the subsurface.

  8. Aprun MAN Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... nid00029. (core affinity 3) This example runs all PEs on NUMA node 1: % aprun -n 8 -sl 1 .xthi | sort Application 225119 resources: utime 0s, stime 0s Hello from rank 0, ...

  9. ManManhattan.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  10. ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Zenith Pointing...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Cloud particle size distribution; Hydrometeor fall velocity; Radar polarization; Radar reflectivity Dataset ...

  11. ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Zenith Pointing...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Atmospheric turbulence; Cloud particle size distribution; Hydrometeor fall velocity; Radar Doppler; Radar polarization; Radar ...

  12. Zenith/Nadir Pointing mm-Wave Radars: Linear or Circular Polarization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE SC OFFICE OF SCIENCE (SC) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Word Cloud More Like This Full Text ...

  13. Man-made marine debris and sea turtle strandings on beaches of the upper Texas and southwestern Louisiana coasts, June 1987 through September 1989. Technical memo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duronslet, M.J.; Revera, D.B.; Stanley, K.M.

    1991-02-01

    The upper Texas and southwestern Louisiana coastlines were divided into six sampling zones to survey the amounts, types and rates of accumulation of man-made marine debris, the number of sea turtle strandings, the incidence of sea turtle entanglements in marine debris and the incidence of ingestion of such debris by sea turtles. From June 1987 through September 1989, 473 sample plots were examined for marine debris. Significant differences were detected in mean number of debris items per 100 sq m of beach sampled by year, zone and month. Significant differences in mean weight of debris items per 100 sq m of beach sampled were detected by month and zone. Both number and weights (per 100 sq m) of debris were lowest in the winter months. Number per 100 sq m was greatest in August while weight per 100 sq m peaked in May. Tar balls and plastic items were the most frequently encountered marine debris items. Wooden items had the highest average weights while tar balls and polystyrene foam were the lightest items collected. A total of 171 sea turtles stranded on the surveyed beaches during the study. Of 26 gastrointestinal tracts examined, 16 had ingested some form of man-made debris. Six turtles were entangled in man-made debris and 9 were live stranded.

  14. One Man's Trash is Another Man's Fuel | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Dennis A. Smith Director, National Clean Cities The average American throws away more than 900 pounds of trash every year. Organic waste degrading in landfills produces methane gas ...

  15. Materials Man (Release) | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partnerships form the foundation of the ARC. He emphasizes the importance of alliances that have been forged among Jefferson Lab, NASA Langley Research Center and ARC's...

  16. TaqMan PCR Simulator

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2007-05-01

    TaqSim simulates various types of PRC reactions, including multiplex reactions. Given a set of primers and dearch databases, TaqSim identifies amplicons that match user defined criteria and can generate output files in a number of formats allowing it to serve as a front-end or back-end for other software.

  17. Man o' War Mutation in UDP-α-D-Xylose Synthase Favors the Abortive Catalytic Cycle and Uncovers a Latent Potential for Hexamer Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, Jr., Richard M.; Polizzi, Samuel J.; Kadirvelraj, Renuka; Howard, Wesley W.; Wood, Zachary A.

    2015-03-17

    The man o’ war (mow) phenotype in zebrafish is characterized by severe craniofacial defects due to a missense mutation in UDP-α-D-xylose synthase (UXS), an essential enzyme in proteoglycan biosynthesis. The mow mutation is located in the UXS dimer interface ~16 Å away from the active site, suggesting an indirect effect on the enzyme mechanism. We have examined the structural and catalytic consequences of the mow mutation (R236H) in the soluble fragment of human UXS (hUXS), which shares 93% sequence identity with the zebrafish enzyme. In solution, hUXS dimers undergo a concentration-dependent association to form a tetramer. Sedimentation velocity studies show that the R236H substitution induces the formation of a new hexameric species. Using two new crystal structures of the hexamer, we show that R236H and R236A substitutions cause a local unfolding of the active site that allows for a rotation of the dimer interface necessary to form the hexamer. The disordered active sites in the R236H and R236A mutant constructs displace Y231, the essential acid/base catalyst in the UXS reaction mechanism. The loss of Y231 favors an abortive catalytic cycle in which the reaction intermediate, UDP-α-D-4-keto-xylose, is not reduced to the final product, UDP-α-D-xylose. Surprisingly, the mow-induced hexamer is almost identical to the hexamers formed by the deeply divergent UXS homologues from Staphylococcus aureus and Helicobacter pylori (21% and 16% sequence identity, respectively). The persistence of a latent hexamer-building interface in the human enzyme suggests that the ancestral UXS may have been a hexamer.

  18. A TaqMan-based multiplex qPCR assay and DNA extraction method for phylotype IIB sequevars 1&2 (select agent) strains of Ralstonia solanacearum

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stulberg, Michael J.; Huang, Qi

    2015-10-01

    Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 strains belonging to phylotype IIB, sequevars 1 and 2 (IIB-1&2) cause brown rot of potato in temperate climates, and are quarantined pathogens in Canada and Europe. Since these strains are not established in the U.S. and because of their potential risk to the potato industry, the U.S. government has listed them as select agents. Cultivated geraniums are also a host and have the potential to spread the pathogen through trade, and its extracts strongly inhibits DNA-based detection methods. We designed four primer and probe sets for an improved qPCR method that targets stable regionsmore » of DNA. RsSA1 and RsSA2 recognize IIB-1&2 strains, RsII recognizes the current phylotype II (the newly proposed R. solanacearum species) strains (and a non-plant associated R. mannitolilytica), and Cox1 recognizes eight plant species including major hosts of R. solanacearum such as potato, tomato and cultivated geranium as an internal plant control. We multiplexed the RsSA2 with the RsII and Cox1 sets to provide two layers of detection of a positive IIB-1&2 sample, and to validate plant extracts and qPCR reactions. The TaqMan-based uniplex and multiplex qPCR assays correctly identified 34 IIB-1&2 and 52 phylotype II strains out of 90 R. solanacearum species complex strains. Additionally, the multiplex qPCR assay was validated successfully using 169 artificially inoculated symptomatic and asymptomatic plant samples from multiple plant hosts including geranium. Moreover, we developed an extraction buffer that allowed for a quick and easy DNA extraction from infected plants including geranium for detection of R. solanacearum by qPCR. Our multiplex qPCR assay, especially when coupled with the quick extraction buffer method, allows for quick, easy and reliable detection and differentiation of the IIB-1&2 strains of R. solanacearum.« less

  19. A TaqMan-based multiplex qPCR assay and DNA extraction method for phylotype IIB sequevars 1&2 (select agent) strains of Ralstonia solanacearum

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stulberg, Michael J.; Huang, Qi

    2015-10-01

    Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 strains belonging to phylotype IIB, sequevars 1 and 2 (IIB-1&2) cause brown rot of potato in temperate climates, and are quarantined pathogens in Canada and Europe. Since these strains are not established in the U.S. and because of their potential risk to the potato industry, the U.S. government has listed them as select agents. Cultivated geraniums are also a host and have the potential to spread the pathogen through trade, and its extracts strongly inhibits DNA-based detection methods. We designed four primer and probe sets for an improved qPCR method that targets stable regionsmore »of DNA. RsSA1 and RsSA2 recognize IIB-1&2 strains, RsII recognizes the current phylotype II (the newly proposed R. solanacearum species) strains (and a non-plant associated R. mannitolilytica), and Cox1 recognizes eight plant species including major hosts of R. solanacearum such as potato, tomato and cultivated geranium as an internal plant control. We multiplexed the RsSA2 with the RsII and Cox1 sets to provide two layers of detection of a positive IIB-1&2 sample, and to validate plant extracts and qPCR reactions. The TaqMan-based uniplex and multiplex qPCR assays correctly identified 34 IIB-1&2 and 52 phylotype II strains out of 90 R. solanacearum species complex strains. Additionally, the multiplex qPCR assay was validated successfully using 169 artificially inoculated symptomatic and asymptomatic plant samples from multiple plant hosts including geranium. Moreover, we developed an extraction buffer that allowed for a quick and easy DNA extraction from infected plants including geranium for detection of R. solanacearum by qPCR. Our multiplex qPCR assay, especially when coupled with the quick extraction buffer method, allows for quick, easy and reliable detection and differentiation of the IIB-1&2 strains of R. solanacearum.« less

  20. Relevance of biotic pathways to the long-term regulation of nuclear waste disposal. Estimation of radiation dose to man resulting from biotic transport: the BIOPORT/MAXI1 software package. Volume 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenzie, D.H.; Cadwell, L.L.; Gano, K.A.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Napier, B.A.; Peloquin, R.A.; Prohammer, L.A.; Simmons, M.A.

    1985-10-01

    BIOPORT/MAXI1 is a collection of five computer codes designed to estimate the potential magnitude of the radiation dose to man resulting from biotic transport processes. Dose to man is calculated for ingestion of agricultural crops grown in contaminated soil, inhalation of resuspended radionuclides, and direct exposure to penetrating radiation resulting from the radionuclide concentrations established in the available soil surface by the biotic transport model. This document is designed as both an instructional and reference document for the BIOPORT/MAXI1 computer software package and has been written for two major audiences. The first audience includes persons concerned with the mathematical models of biological transport of commercial low-level radioactive wastes and the computer algorithms used to implement those models. The second audience includes persons concerned with exercising the computer program and exposure scenarios to obtain results for specific applications. The report contains sections describing the mathematical models, user operation of the computer programs, and program structure. Input and output for five sample problems are included. In addition, listings of the computer programs, data libraries, and dose conversion factors are provided in appendices.

  1. A joint research project -- Investigating man-made vitreous fiber (MMVF) insulation removal practices in the power industry, with preliminary results of potential worker exposure to airborne MMVF fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Axten, C.W.; Anoush, F.

    1996-10-01

    Man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) are components of a large number of important products manufactured worldwide, and include glass wool, rock and slag wool, and refractory ceramic fibers. These fibers are distinguished from each other by their chemical composition, physical properties and methods of production. Glass wool, or fiber glass as it is more commonly known is a borosilicate compound, produced from molten sand and inorganic materials under highly controlled conditions, Rock and slag wool, sometimes collectively referred to as mineral wool, is comprised of calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate glass. Slag wool is produced by melting a mixture of various blast furnace iron ore slags and other raw materials such as clay, sand and limestone in a coke fired cupola. Rock wool is produced using the same process, with a mixture of various natural and synthetic rock sources that yield the desired composition. In both rock and slag wool manufacturing, typically one raw material is the primary component, with other material added to supplement chemical deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to develop a flexible, representative, and valid exposure database for fiber glass and rock and slag wool insulation removal and reinstallation in a cross section of industrial environments with excellent supporting documentation. This information will be used to make more informed decisions to further worker health and safety through recommendation of exposure controls, product modifications, and personal protective equipment use and/or work practice controls.

  2. Proton storage ring: man/machine interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lander, R.F.; Clout, P.N.

    1985-01-01

    The human interface of the Proton Storage Ring Control System at Los Alamos is described in some detail, together with the software environment in which operator interaction programs are written. Some examples of operator interaction programs are given.

  3. Charlie Manning | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... And she said she remembers she was just a kind of a young woman, but she remembers they had corn up to waist high, and it snowed, and the whole ground was covered with snow. And ...

  4. Micro and Man-Portable Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation by Jerry Hallmark of Motorola Labs was given at the Fuel Cell Meeting in April 2007.

  5. Going Where No Man Can Go

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, C.W.

    2004-02-05

    This paper discusses the successful remote visual inspection of a contaminated air exhaust tunnel running beneath the Savannah River Site's H-Canyon nuclear material separations facility. The air exhaust tunnel has been in operation since the 1950's, and the portion of the tunnel inspected has not been seen or accessed since startup. Numerous challenges were overcome in the deployment of the vehicle, including an initial 10-ft drop, travelling a long distance through harsh environmental conditions, surviving and recovering from a second vertical drop, turning 90 degrees, and subsequently travelling further. Video of the entire inspection was transmitted back to a control station, and the vehicle was abandoned in place for possible future use.

  6. Micro and Man-Portable Fuel Cells

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Power Power Tool (commercial) Power Tool (consumer) Digital Still Camera Fuel Cell Sweet Spot ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 5 Handset Chargers Comparative Analysis 3 h 16 Pack 1-3 h 3 h ...

  7. A TaqMan-based multiplex qPCR assay and DNA extraction method for phylotype IIB sequevars 1&2 (select agent) strains of Ralstonia solanacearum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stulberg, Michael J.; Huang, Qi

    2015-10-01

    Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 strains belonging to phylotype IIB, sequevars 1 and 2 (IIB-1&2) cause brown rot of potato in temperate climates, and are quarantined pathogens in Canada and Europe. Since these strains are not established in the U.S. and because of their potential risk to the potato industry, the U.S. government has listed them as select agents. Cultivated geraniums are also a host and have the potential to spread the pathogen through trade, and its extracts strongly inhibits DNA-based detection methods. We designed four primer and probe sets for an improved qPCR method that targets stable regions of DNA. RsSA1 and RsSA2 recognize IIB-1&2 strains, RsII recognizes the current phylotype II (the newly proposed R. solanacearum species) strains (and a non-plant associated R. mannitolilytica), and Cox1 recognizes eight plant species including major hosts of R. solanacearum such as potato, tomato and cultivated geranium as an internal plant control. We multiplexed the RsSA2 with the RsII and Cox1 sets to provide two layers of detection of a positive IIB-1&2 sample, and to validate plant extracts and qPCR reactions. The TaqMan-based uniplex and multiplex qPCR assays correctly identified 34 IIB-1&2 and 52 phylotype II strains out of 90 R. solanacearum species complex strains. Additionally, the multiplex qPCR assay was validated successfully using 169 artificially inoculated symptomatic and asymptomatic plant samples from multiple plant hosts including geranium. Moreover, we developed an extraction buffer that allowed for a quick and easy DNA extraction from infected plants including geranium for detection of R. solanacearum by qPCR. Our multiplex qPCR assay, especially when coupled with the quick extraction buffer method, allows for quick, easy and reliable detection and differentiation of the IIB-1&2 strains of R. solanacearum.

  8. One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Supported by the U.S. Department of Energys Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), the BMW manufacturing plant in Greer, South Carolina demonstrated the use of unique source to...

  9. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Nikola Tesla STEM High School in Redmond, WA, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME...

  10. Old Man Winter Defied by High-Tech Snowplows

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lake County, Illinois keeps the streets clear and saves money thanks to the addition of GPS technology to their snowplow fleet.

  11. Similarities of host defense mechanisms against pulmonary infectious disease in animals and man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, G.M.

    1984-01-01

    Evidence linking exposure to air pollutants with increased susceptibility to infectious diseases in humans comes from epidemiological, clinical, and experimental laboratory studies. The data suggest that the most common, and perhaps the most sensitive, index of the pulmonary effect of air pollutant exposure is on post upper respiratory infection, prolonged cough, phlegm, and purulent sputum. Experimental models of these relationships for extrapolation to humans should be able to measure such minor changes in symptomatology and physiology rather than require major lethal events. The bacterial aerosol model for quantifying nonspecific defense mechanisms of the bronchopulmonary tree utilizing nonpathogenic organisms fulfills this criterion. The function of the six major components of pulmonary antimicrobial defense mechanisms - including aerodynamic filtration, secretory respiratory tract fluid, fluid transport at the alveolar and bronchial levels, the phagocytic function of alveolar macrophages, the augmenting mechanisms of blood-derived inflammatory cells, and the secretory and cellular-specific immune mechanisms and their mediator products - can all be quantified by this experimental animal model system. The defensive functions are remarkably similar across animal species, and available human data suggest that findings obtained using the model may be extrapolatred to humans.

  12. u.s. DEPARIUENI OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    available data to predict the most likely locations for high fracture density and hot fluids. The identified locations would be used to site and drill two full-size production...

  13. X-ray emission spectroscopy of bulk liquid water in "no-man's...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fr Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Strae 15, 12489 Berlin, Germany, Institut fr Physik und Astronomie,...

  14. Crossing the mesoscale no-mans land via parallel kinetic Monte Carlo.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia Cardona, Cristina (San Diego State University); Webb, Edmund Blackburn, III; Wagner, Gregory John; Tikare, Veena; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Plimpton, Steven James; Thompson, Aidan Patrick; Slepoy, Alexander (U. S. Department of Energy, NNSA); Zhou, Xiao Wang; Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Chandross, Michael Evan

    2009-10-01

    The kinetic Monte Carlo method and its variants are powerful tools for modeling materials at the mesoscale, meaning at length and time scales in between the atomic and continuum. We have completed a 3 year LDRD project with the goal of developing a parallel kinetic Monte Carlo capability and applying it to materials modeling problems of interest to Sandia. In this report we give an overview of the methods and algorithms developed, and describe our new open-source code called SPPARKS, for Stochastic Parallel PARticle Kinetic Simulator. We also highlight the development of several Monte Carlo models in SPPARKS for specific materials modeling applications, including grain growth, bubble formation, diffusion in nanoporous materials, defect formation in erbium hydrides, and surface growth and evolution.

  15. Failure of man-made cavities in salt and surface subsidence due to sulfur mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, G.K.; Lee, C.A.; McClain, W.C.; Senseny, P.E.

    1981-01-01

    An engineering data base relevant to subsidence due to sulfur mining and to structural failure of cavities in salt is established, evaluated and documented. Nineteen failure events are discussed. Based on these documented failure events, capabilities of and inputs to a mathematical model of cavity failure are determined. Two failure events are adequately documented for use in model verification studies. A conclusion of this study that is pertinent to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is that cavity failures in dome salt are fairly rare, but that as the number of large cavities (especially those having large roof spans) increases, failures will probably be more common unless stability and failure mechanisms of cavities are better understood.

  16. Constructing a man-made c-type cytochrome maquette in vivo: electron...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    University of Glasgow, UK; Los Alamos National Laboratory; University of New Mexico; New Mexico Corsortium; North Carolina State University; Northwestern University; Oak...

  17. Method for estimating power outages and restoration during natural and man-made events

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Omitaomu, Olufemi A.; Fernandez, Steven J.

    2016-01-05

    A method of modeling electric supply and demand with a data processor in combination with a recordable medium, and for estimating spatial distribution of electric power outages and affected populations. A geographic area is divided into cells to form a matrix. Within the matrix, supply cells are identified as containing electric substations and demand cells are identified as including electricity customers. Demand cells of the matrix are associated with the supply cells as a function of the capacity of each of the supply cells and the proximity and/or electricity demand of each of the demand cells. The method includes estimating a power outage by applying disaster event prediction information to the matrix, and estimating power restoration using the supply and demand cell information of the matrix and standardized and historical restoration information.

  18. Straw man 900-1000 GeV crystal extraction test beam for Fermilab collider operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrigan, R.A. Jr.

    1996-10-01

    A design for a 900-1000 GeV, 100 khz parasitic test beam for use during collider operations has been developed. The beam makes use of two bent crystals, one for extraction and the other one for redirecting the beam in to the present Switchyard beam system. The beam requires only a few modifications in the A0 area and largely uses existing devices. It should be straight-forward to modify one or two beam lines in the fixed target experimental areas to work above 800 GeV. Possibilities for improvements to the design,to operate at higher fluxes are discussed.

  19. Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography [PET] in Man Using Small Bismuth Germanate Crystals

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Derenzo, S. E.; Budinger, T. F.; Huesman, R. H.; Cahoon, J. L.

    1982-04-01

    Primary considerations for the design of positron emission tomographs for medical studies in humans are the need for high imaging sensitivity, whole organ coverage, good spatial resolution, high maximum data rates, adequate spatial sampling with minimum mechanical motion, shielding against out of plane activity, pulse height discrimination against scattered photons, and timing discrimination against accidental coincidences. We discuss the choice of detectors, sampling motion, shielding, and electronics to meet these objectives.

  20. Sediment accumulation rates in Conowingo Reservoir as determined by man-made and natural radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLean, R.I.; Domotor, S.L. ); Summers, J.K.; Wilson, H. ); Olsen, C.R.; Larsen, I.L. )

    1991-05-01

    The Susquehanna River is the major contributor to sediment loadings in the Chesapeake Bay. Because many environmental contaminants are associated with suspended particulates, the degree of particle retention within the reservoirs of the lower Susquehanna River is an important consideration in evaluating contaminant loadings to the Chesapeake Bay. Profiles of weapons-test Cs-137, nuclear power plant-related Cs-134 and Cs-137, and naturally-derived Pb-210 were used to estimate rates of sediment accretion in the Conowingo Reservoir,an impoundmment of the Susquehanna River along the Maryland-Pennsylvania border. Net accretion rates ranged from about 2 cm yr{sup {minus}1} downstream of a nuclear power plant cooling discharge to a high of about 7 cm yr{sup {minus}1} at the mount of an incoming creek. Slight, but consistent, increases in the annual rate of accretion since the creation of the reservoir in 1928 are apparent. The current net average annual sediment load retained by the reservoir is estimated to be 0.4 {times} 10{sup 6} to 1.5 {times} 10{sup 6} metric tons yr{sup {minus}1}. The retained sediment load represents about 8-23% of the long-time average sediment input to the reservoir.

  1. Evaluation of exposure pathways to man from disposal of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Parkhurst, M.A.; Aaberg, R.L.; Rhoads, K.C.; Hill, R.L.; Martin, J.B.

    1992-05-01

    In accordance with 10 CFR 20, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates licensees` discharges of small quantities of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems. This generic study was initiated to examine the potential radiological hazard to the public resulting from exposure to radionuclides in sewage sludge during its treatment and disposal. Eleven scenarios were developed to characterize potential exposures to radioactive materials during sewer system operations and sewage sludge treatment and disposal activities and during the extended time frame following sewage sludge disposal. Two sets of deterministic dose calculations were performed; one to evaluate potential doses based on the radionuclides and quantities associated with documented case histories of sewer system contamination and a second, somewhat more conservative set, based on theoretical discharges at the maximum allowable levels for a more comprehensive list of 63 radionuclides. The results of the stochastic uncertainty and sensitivity analysis were also used to develop a collective dose estimate. The collective doses for the various radionuclides and scenarios range from 0.4 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 5 (sludge incinerator effluent) to 420 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 3 (sewage treatment plant liquid effluent). None of the 22 scenario/radionuclide combinations considered have collective doses greater than 1000 person-rem/yr. However, the total collective dose from these 22 combinations was found to be about 2100 person-rem.

  2. Reduction of aspirin-induced fecal blood loss with low-dose misoprostol tablets in man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, M.M.; Clark, L.; Armstrong, L.; D'Souza, J.

    1985-07-01

    Misoprostol (SC-29333), a synthetic prostaglandin E1 methyl ester analog, was given simultaneously with acetylsalicylic acid in a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized prospective study of 32 healthy human male subjects. Fecal blood loss was measured for eight days using the /sup 51/Cr-labeled red blood cell technique. Aspirin (650 mg qid) and misoprostol (25 micrograms qid) or placebo were given during days 3, 4, and 5. There was a significant (P less than 0.05) increase in median blood loss (modified Friedman test) from 0.81 to 6.05 ml/day in the aspirin with placebo group (N = 16). Median blood loss was increased (from 0.75 to 3.75 ml/day) in the aspirin with misoprostol group (N = 16), but this was significantly less (Mann-Whitney U test, P less than 0.01) than the placebo group. Mean serum salicylate concentrations in the placebo and misoprostol groups were similar (7.8 and 6.8 micrograms/ml, respectively). There were no significant changes in laboratory values in any of the subjects studied, nor were any major side-effects encountered. This study demonstrates that oral misoprostol reduces aspirin-induced gastrointestinal bleeding even when administered simultaneously and at a dose level below its threshold for significant acid inhibition. This indicates a potential role for misoprostol in the prevention of gastric mucosal damage in selected patients.

  3. ARM - VAP Process - kazrcor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Productskazrcor Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : KAZR Corrected Data (KAZRCOR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Output Products kazrcorge : Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): general mode Corrected kazrcorhi : Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): highest sensitivity mode Corrected kazrcormd : Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): moderate

  4. FACT SHEET U.S. Department of Energy Eastern North Atlantic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * eddy correlation flux measurement system * disdrometer Lidars * micropulse lidar * Doppler lidar * Raman lidar Radars * zenith cloud radar * scanning cloud radar * scanning...

  5. ARM Southern Great Plains

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    System Radiometer Calibration Facility Equipment Repair Lab Main Office Raman Lidar Doppler Lidar and Radar Wind Profiler Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Ka-Zenith Radar...

  6. ARM - Datastreams - mwrp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equilibriumLevelPres ( time ) Frequency gHz frequency ( frequency ) Height meters above ground level height ( height ) Zenith-pointing infrared temperature at 10um K...

  7. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The equation as derived illustrates the dependency of retrieved surface albedo on aer , aer , g aer , and cosine of solar zenith angle (). ( ) ( ) 2 1 , 2 1 , exp 1 ...

  8. delamere_swqme_arm08_poster.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cases with a range of precipitable water vapor (PWV) and solar zenith angles. The TSI provides cloud fraction at sonde launch time. RSS Data Processing There are several...

  9. ARM - Instrument - wacr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    radar General Overview The W-band Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud Radar (WACR) systems are zenith pointing Doppler radars that probe the extent and...

  10. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    refers to the specific radio frequency range of this radar, which is a 95 gigahertz pulse Doppler zenith pointing radar, providing profiles of cloud reflectivity and particle...

  11. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Widener, Kevin (3) Lindenmaier, Iosif Andrei (1) Nelson, Dan (1) Save Results Excel ... ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Zenith Pointing PPI Widener, Kevin ; Nelson, ...

  12. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Johnson, Karen (3) Lindenmaier, Iosif Andrei (3) Nelson, Dan (3) Save Results Excel ... ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Zenith Pointing PPI Widener, Kevin ; Nelson, ...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... (IE) (United States) USDOE Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence (IN) (United ... These conditions aided in characterizing potential artificial solar zenith angle ...

  14. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Total SW disagreement as a percentage of the SIROS value by cosine of the solar zenith angle for data after October 14, 1995......

  15. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM Zenith Radar Cloud Properties Browse Data Single installation LDIS Laser Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Data Installed at 2 facilities MET Surface ...

  16. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zenith Radar Cloud Properties Browse Data Installed at 2 facilities LDIS Laser Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Data Installed at 2 facilities MPL Micropulse Lidar ...

  17. ARM - Field Campaign - ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Cloud Radar Browse Data KAZR Ka ARM Zenith Radar Browse Data LDIS Laser Disdrometer Browse Data MET Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Browse Data Browse Plots MFR ...

  18. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Browse Plots Browse Data Single installation KAZR Ka ARM Zenith Radar Cloud Properties Browse Data Single installation LDIS Laser Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse ...

  19. A Novel Carotid Device for Embolic Diversion: Lessons Learned from a 'First in Man' Trial in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sievert, Horst Franke, Jennifer; Grad, Ygael; Nishri, Boaz; Assaf, Yaron; Yodfat, Ofer; Roemer, Albrecht; Robertson, Greg C.; Stone, Gregg W.

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to investigate a novel device that was developed to direct emboli away from the internal carotid artery to the external carotid artery to prevent embolic stroke while avoiding the necessity for anticoagulation with warfarin. Methods: A stent-like, self-expandable filter was developed consisting of fine cobalt alloy mesh. After promising preclinical animal testing, the device was implanted into the common carotid artery extending into the external carotid artery in three patients with atrial fibrillation, each of whom were at high-risk for cerebral emboli and were suboptimal candidates for anticoagulation. Follow-up was performed clinically and with carotid duplex ultrasound. Results: The implantation was successful in all three patients. Unrestricted flow through the filter was demonstrated in each patient at 6 months by duplex sonography. However, at 7 months ultrasound demonstrated occlusion of the internal carotid artery filter in one patient, which was subsequently confirmed by angiography. Subtotal filter occlusion occurred in a second patient at 14 months. Neither patient had clinical symptoms. Both internal carotid arteries were successfully recanalized using standard angioplasty techniques without complication. The third patient had completely normal carotid blood flow at 29 months follow-up. Conclusions: Implantation of a novel device intended to divert emboli away from the internal carotid artery was feasible, but resulted in occlusive neointimal proliferation in two of three patients. These results demonstrate a discrepancy from the findings of preclinical animal studies and human investigation.

  20. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa

    2011-12-15

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  1. ARM - Field Campaign - Marine ARM GPCI Investigations of Clouds (MAGIC):

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data Campaign Links Final Campaign Summary ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Related Campaigns Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds (MAGIC) 2012.10.01, Lewis, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Marine ARM GPCI Investigations of Clouds (MAGIC): Cloud Properties from Zenith Radiance Data 2012.10.01 - 2013.09.30 Lead Scientist : J.-Y.

  2. The man behind the curtain: X-rays drive the UV through NIR variability in the 2013 active galactic nucleus outburst in NGC 2617

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shappee, B. J.; Kochanek, C. S.; Stanek, K. Z.; De Rosa, G.; Mathur, S.; Zu, Y.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Jencson, J.; Holoien, T.W-S.; Basu, U.; Beacom, J. F.; Adams, S. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Prieto, J. L. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Grupe, D. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Komossa, S. [Max-Planck Institut fr Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hgel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Im, M. [CEOU/Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Szczygie?, D. M. [Warsaw University Astronomical Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw (Poland); Brimacombe, J. [Coral Towers Observatory, Cairns, Queensland A-4870 (Australia); Campillay, A., E-mail: shappee@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601 (Chile); and others

    2014-06-10

    After the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae discovered a significant brightening of the inner region of NGC 2617, we began a ?70 day photometric and spectroscopic monitoring campaign from the X-ray through near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths. We report that NGC 2617 went through a dramatic outburst, during which its X-ray flux increased by over an order of magnitude followed by an increase of its optical/ultraviolet (UV) continuum flux by almost an order of magnitude. NGC 2617, classified as a Seyfert 1.8 galaxy in 2003, is now a Seyfert 1 due to the appearance of broad optical emission lines and a continuum blue bump. Such 'changing look active galactic nuclei (AGNs)' are rare and provide us with important insights about AGN physics. Based on the H? line width and the radius-luminosity relation, we estimate the mass of central black hole (BH) to be (4 1) 10{sup 7} M {sub ?}. When we cross-correlate the light curves, we find that the disk emission lags the X-rays, with the lag becoming longer as we move from the UV (2-3 days) to the NIR (6-9 days). Also, the NIR is more heavily temporally smoothed than the UV. This can largely be explained by a simple model of a thermally emitting thin disk around a BH of the estimated mass that is illuminated by the observed, variable X-ray fluxes.

  3. Observation of Fair-weather Cumuli over Land Dynamical Factors...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    state-of-the-art instruments such as the Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) for cloud thickness, Doppler lidar for clear and cloudy atmosphere vertical velocity, and Raman lidar for...

  4. ARM - Measurement - Radar Doppler

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSAPR : C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar DL : Doppler Lidar KAZR : Ka ARM Zenith Radar KASACR : Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar MWACR :...

  5. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    addition, the Ka-ARM zenith radar, W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, radar wind profiler, Doppler lidar, and 2-D video disdrometer instrumentation was also added. (See the ENA...

  6. ARM - Instrument - kazr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The KAZR is a zenith-pointing Doppler radar that operates at a frequency of approximately 35 GHz. The main purpose of...

  7. Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar Zenith Angle Correction ... used in TWP-ICE, is known to be affected by a significant day-time radiation dry bias. ...

  8. Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Final ScientificTechnical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud ...

  9. Results of the Second Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance IOP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    measurement that is multiplied by the cosine of the solar zenith angle to get the direct component normal to the plane of incidence. This is arguably the best calibration...

  10. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Automated rain rate estimates using the Ka-band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR)." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(1-15), doi:10.5194amt-8-1-2015. ACCEPTED. Time series of 1-min...

  11. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2012 [Facility News] New Organization to Optimize ARM Radar Data Bookmark and Share Every ARM fixed and mobile site now includes both scanning (left) and zenith-pointing (right) cloud radars. The fixed sites also include scanning precipitation radars. Every ARM fixed and mobile site now includes both scanning (left) and zenith-pointing (right) cloud radars. The fixed sites also include scanning precipitation radars. In the past few years, the ARM Facility added 19 new scanning cloud and

  12. ARM - Datastreams - kazrspeccmaskprcross

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Datastreamskazrspeccmaskprcross Documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : KAZRSPECCMASKPRCROSS Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): raw spectral data Active Dates 2015.10.01 - 2016.09.01 Measurement Categories Cloud Properties Originating Instrument Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show

  13. X:\ARM_19~1\P317-334.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    R(dt) R(dx) and dx U dt 112 Session Papers 331 (1) Inferring Spatial Cloud Statistics from Limited Field-of-View, Zenith Observations C.-H. Sun and L. R. Thorne Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California Introduction Many of the Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) meas- urements produce a time series of zenith observations, but spatial averages are often the desired data product. One possible approach to deriving spatial averages from tem- poral averages is to invoke Taylor's hypothesis

  14. pavloski-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High Speed Cloud Optical Depth Retrievals from a Narrow Field of View, Narrowband, Shortwave, Zenith Pointing Radiometer C. F. Pavloski The Pennsylvania State University Department of Meteorology University Park, Pennsylvania T. P. Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has recently deployed a new, shortwave, Narrow Field of View (NFOV) Zenith radiometer at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) facility. The

  15. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Parameterizing the Dependence of Surface Albedo on Solar Zenith Angle Using Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Observations F. Yang Environmental Modeling Center National Centers for Environmental Prediction Camp Springs, Maryland Abstract This study evaluates the parameterization of the dependence of surface albedo on solar zenith angle (SZA) over snow-free land surface used by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Global Forecast Systems (GFS) and those derived from the

  16. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM instruments on top of the ARIES Observatory in Nainital Doppler Lidar (DL) Shortwave Array Spectroradiometers, both Hemispheric and Zenith (SASHE and SASZE) Shortwave Array Spectroradiometers, both Hemispheric and Zenith (SASHE and SASZE) Total Sky Imager (TSI) on the far left, Cimel Sunphotometer (CSPHOT) center, and Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation (SKYRAD) to the right Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation (SKYRAD) Total Sky Imager (TSI) Doppler Lidar (DL)

  17. ORAU Team

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Facility Manned Unmanned Safety Systems MPB Manned Casting: Cooling chambers, microwave ... Inert pipingtank systems throughout facility. MEB Unmanned None PSB Manned None PSF ...

  18. Correlation and deposystem interpretation for Lower Mississippian sequence in subsurface of West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boswell, R.M.; Jewell, G.A. )

    1988-08-01

    Correlation and depositional environments of the Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Price-Rockwell delta complex are well understood for units along the outcrop belt in eastern West Virginia. However, the correlation of these units with the sequence of subsurface driller's sandstones is poorly known. Furthermore, little is known concerning the relationships of the well-developed Lower Mississippian hydrocarbon-bearing strata of southern West Virginia with equivalent units to the north. Regional analysis of over 700 gamma-ray well logs, combined with study of outcrops at Rowlesburg and Caldwell, West Virginia, provides insight into the nature of the Cloyd conglomerate, and the Berea, Weir, Squaw, and Big Injun sandstones and allows the refinement of the stratigraphic succession of the Price Formation in southern West Virginia. New members listed herein are as of yet information, pending publication of description of type sections from the Caldwell outcrop.

  19. Building America System Research

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Thermal Encl. Low-Load HVAC Low-Load HVAC Water Man. Water Man. Eff. Comps MEL's Eff. Comps. MEL's Ventilat'nIAQ Ventilat'nIAQ Water Man. Water Man. Ventilat'nIAQ Ventilat'n...

  20. Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Encl. Low-Load Eff. HVAC Low-Load Eff. HVAC Water Man. Water Man. Eff. Comps MEL's Eff. Comps. MEL's Ventilat'nIAQ Ventilat'nIAQ Water Man. Water Man. Ventilat'nIAQ ...

  1. Measurement of the Cosmic Ray and Neutrino-Induced Muon Flux at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    SNO collaboration; Aharmim, B.; Ahmed, S. N.; Andersen, T. C.; Anthony, A. E.; Barros, N.; Beier, E. W.; Bellerive, A.; Beltran, B.; Bergevin, M.; Biller, S. D.; Boudjemline, K.; Boulay, M. G.; Burritt, T. H.; Cai, B.; Chan, Y. D.; Chen, M.; Chon, M. C.; Cleveland, B. T.; Cox-Mobrand, G. A.; Currat, C. A.; Dai, X.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Deng, H.; Detwiler, J.; Doe, P. J.; Dosanjh, R. S.; Doucas, G.; Drouin, P.-L.; Duncan, F. A.; Dunford, M.; Elliott, S. R.; Evans, H. C.; Ewan, G. T.; Farine, J.; Fergani, H.; Fleurot, F.; Ford, R. J.; Formaggio, J. A.; Gagnon, N.; Goon, J. TM.; Grant, D. R.; Guillian, E.; Habib, S.; Hahn, R. L.; Hallin, A. L.; Hallman, E. D.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harvey, P. J.; Harvey, P. J.; Heeger, K. M.; Heintzelman, W. J.; Heise, J.; Helmer, R. L.; Hemingway, R. J.; Henning, R.; Hime, A.; Howard, C.; Howe, M. A.; Huang, M.; Jamieson, B.; Jelley, N. A.; Klein, J. R.; Kos, M.; Kruger, A.; Kraus, C.; Krauss, C. B.; Kutter, T.; Kyba, C. C. M.; Lange, R.; Law, J.; Lawson, I. T.; Lesko, K. T.; Leslie, J. R.; Levine, I.; Loach, J. C.; Luoma, S.; MacLellan, R.; Majerus, S.; Mak, H. B.; Maneira, J.; Marino, A. D.; Martin, R.; McCauley, N.; McDonald, A. B.; McGee, S.; Mifflin, C.; Miller, M. L.; Monreal, B.; Monroe, J.; Noble, A. J.; Oblath, N. S.; Okada, C. E.; O'Keeffe, H. M.; Opachich, Y.; Orebi Gann, G. D.; Oser, S. M.; Ott, R. A.; Peeters, S. J. M.; Poon, A. W. P.; Prior, G.; Rielage, K.; Robertson, B. C.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Rollin, E.; Schwendener, M. H.; Secrest, J. A.; Seibert, S. R.; Simard, O.; Simpson, J. J.; Sinclair, D.; Skensved, P.; Smith, M. W. E.; Sonley, T. J.; Steiger, T. D.; Stonehill, L. C.; Tagg, N.; Tesic, G.; Tolich, N.; Tsui, T.; Van de Water, R. G.; VanDevender, B. A.; Virtue, C. J.; Waller, D.; Waltham, C. E.; Wan Chan Tseung, H.; Wark, D. L.; Watson, P.; Wendland, J.; West, N.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wilson, J. R.; Wouters, J. M.; Wright, A.; Yeh, M.; Zhang, F.; Zuber, K.

    2009-07-10

    Results are reported on the measurement of the atmospheric neutrino-induced muon flux at a depth of 2 kilometers below the Earth's surface from 1229 days of operation of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). By measuring the flux of through-going muons as a function of zenith angle, the SNO experiment can distinguish between the oscillated and un-oscillated portion of the neutrino flux. A total of 514 muon-like events are measured between -1 {le} cos {theta}{sub zenith} 0.4 in a total exposure of 2.30 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup 2} s. The measured flux normalization is 1.22 {+-} 0.09 times the Bartol three-dimensional flux prediction. This is the first measurement of the neutrino-induced flux where neutrino oscillations are minimized. The zenith distribution is consistent with previously measured atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters. The cosmic ray muon flux at SNO with zenith angle cos {theta}{sub zenith} > 0.4 is measured to be (3.31 {+-} 0.01 (stat.) {+-} 0.09 (sys.)) x 10{sup -10} {micro}/s/cm{sup 2}.

  2. ARM - Datastreams - kazraux

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Datastreamskazraux Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025211 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : KAZRAUX Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): auxiliary data Active Dates 2011.01.18 - 2016.09.02 Originating Instrument Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all

  3. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Automated Rain Rate Estimates Using the Ka-band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Submitter: Chandra, A. S., McGill University Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Chandra A, C Zhang, P Kollias, S Matrosov, and W Szyrmer. 2015. "Automated rain rate estimates using the Ka-band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR)." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(1-15), doi:10.5194/amt-8-1-2015. ACCEPTED. Scatter plots of rain rates (R) observed from a video

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Iwayama, Tomoaki (1) Kitamura, Masahiro (1) Lee, Chun Man (1) Matsuyama, Akifumi (1) ... Masao ; Iwayama, Tomoaki ; Lee, Chun Man ; Okura, Hanayuki ; Matsuyama, Akifumi ; ...

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Lee, Chun Man (1) Matsuyama, Akifumi (1) Morimoto, Chiaki (1) Murakami, Shinya (1) ... Masao ; Iwayama, Tomoaki ; Lee, Chun Man ; Okura, Hanayuki ; Matsuyama, Akifumi ; ...

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Lee, Chun Man (1) Matsui, Osamu (1) Matsuyama, Akifumi (1) Miyayama, Shiro (1) Morimoto, ... Masao ; Iwayama, Tomoaki ; Lee, Chun Man ; Okura, Hanayuki ; Matsuyama, Akifumi ; ...

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Iwayama, Tomoaki (1) Kitamura, Masahiro (1) Lee, Chun Man (1) Matsuyama, Akifumi (1) ... Masao ; Iwayama, Tomoaki ; Lee, Chun Man ; Okura, Hanayuki ; Matsuyama, Akifumi ; ...

  8. Method for performing a human-factors reliability analysis (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: N80720* --General & Miscellaneous--Life Sciences; N48510 -- Life Sciences--Radiation Effects on Animals--Man; *MAN; AUTOMATION; ERRORS; MACHINE PARTS; PERFORMANCE TESTING; ...

  9. Testimonials - Partnerships in Solar Technologies - SRI International...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by "Curtis Carlson, Vice Chairman for Innovation, SRI International" and footage of a man. ... looking at them, followed by footage of a man conducting research in a laboratory. ...

  10. UCRLID-121669 Landmine Detection and Imaging Using Micropower...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Vehicle-mounted and man-portable mine detection systems are needed for demining operations ... ranges required for vehicular and man-portable mine detection systems used in ...

  11. Grid Edge Control - Extracting Value from the Distribution System

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The grid is the largest machine built by man, delivering reliable affordable power for ... * The grid is the largest machine built by man, delivering reliable affordable power for ...

  12. REQUIREMENTS BASED SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE REVIEW PROCESS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    I. Approximate number of personnel and man-hours required to complete the activity ... time) Number of Personnel:... Man- Hours:... J. Comments: RBSM ...

  13. Securing Control Systems Modems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ......... 17 Figure 5. Man-In-The-Middle attack on modem ... System LAN Local Area Network MITM Man-In-The-Middle OS Operating System PBX ...

  14. Manhattan Project: Science Images

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Heritage Resources, 2003); 2. Fat Man (plutonium bomb), August 1945 (courtesy the ... It was taken by "William, J., PHC"). Fission Fat Man, August 1945 Plutonium production ...

  15. Property:GeothermalArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area + Babadere Geothermal Project + Tuzla Geothermal Area + Bacman 1 GEPP + Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + Bacman 2 GEPP + Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + Bacman...

  16. ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jensen, Michael

    The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

  17. ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jensen, Michael

    2012-09-28

    The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

  18. ARM - VAP Product - kazrcorge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Productskazrcorkazrcorge Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : KAZRCORGE Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): general mode Corrected Active Dates 2011.10.09 - 2012.02.07 Originating VAP Process KAZR Corrected Data : KAZRCOR Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements

  19. ARM - VAP Product - kazrcorhi

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Productskazrcorkazrcorhi Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : KAZRCORHI Ka ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR): highest sensitivity mode Corrected Active Dates 2011.10.07 - 2012.02.07 Originating VAP Process KAZR Corrected Data : KAZRCOR Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all

  20. Technical Sessions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis of Cloud Radiative Forcing and Feedback in a Climate General Circulation Model A. Lacis NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Institute for Space Studies New York, NY 10025 and diffuse transmission as a function of solar zenith angle, optical depth, cloud particle size, and single scatter- ing albedo. These results will replace the current approach which uses the "Single Gauss Point" doubling algorithm to obtain cloud radiative properties. However, the stack of homogeneous layers

  1. A study of the arrival direction using Offline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flores, Alejandra Parra; Bravo, Oscar Martinez; Ibargueen, Humberto Salazar; Aguilar, Ibrahim Torres

    2009-04-30

    The purpose of this work is to show the results of the analysis of a library of synthetic data corresponding to Very Inclined Showers (i.e. those with a zenith angle between 60 and 80 degrees and energies from 50 EeV to 80 EeV). Simulations were performed using the Aires software and then analyzed to narrow down the arrival angles that allow us an efficient shower reconstruction using the Offline software.

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Radiative Forcing of the Arctic Surface: The Influence of Cloud Properties, Surface Albedo, and Solar Zenith Angle Shupe, M.D. and Intrieri, J.M., NOAA - Environmental Technology Laboratory Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting An annual cycle of cloud and radiation measurements made as part of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic program are utilized to determine which properties of Arctic clouds control the surface radiation balance. Surface cloud

  3. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biases in Column Absorption for Fractal Clouds Submitter: Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marshak, Alexander; Davis, Anthony; Wiscombe, Warren; Ridgway, William; Cahalan, Robert; 1998: "Biases in Shortwave Column Absorption in the Presence of Fractal Clouds," J. Climate 11(3):431-446. Figure 1: Water vapor transmission spectra for solar zenith angle of 60 degree. From the top:

  4. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scanning Filter Photometer for Measuring the Sky Brightness in the Solar Almucantar A. Kh. Shukurov, S. M. Pirogov, and G. S. Golitsyn A. M. Oboukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Russian Academy of Science Moscow, Russia Description The operating prototype of an instrument has been developed and built up for measuring the scattered solar radiation and its polarization in the solar almucantar for azimuth angles A ranged from 0 to 170 degrees at different zenith angles Z. At A = 0 the direct

  5. Solar Eclipse Monitoring for Solar Energy Applications Using the Solar and Moon Position Algorithms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reda, I.

    2010-03-01

    This report includes a procedure for implementing an algorithm (described by Jean Meeus) to calculate the moon's zenith angle with uncertainty of +/-0.001 degrees and azimuth angle with uncertainty of +/-0.003 degrees. The step-by-step format presented here simplifies the complicated steps Meeus describes to calculate the Moon's position, and focuses on the Moon instead of the planets and stars. It also introduces some changes to accommodate for solar radiation applications.

  6. Solar and Moon Position Algorithm (SAMPA) - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Analysis Energy Analysis Find More Like This Return to Search Solar and Moon Position Algorithm (SAMPA) National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary This algorithm calculates the solar and lunar zenith and azimuth angles in the period from the year -2000 to 6000, with uncertainties of +/- 0.0003 degrees for the Sun and +/- 0.003 degrees for the Moon, based on the date, time, and location on Earth. Description The algorithm can be

  7. nemesure-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Effect of Absorbing Aerosol on Shortwave Radiative Forcing of Climate S. Nemesure and S. E. Schwartz Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Abstract We have examined the optical and radiative properties of sulfate aerosol internally and homogeneously mixed with an absorbing substance and evaluated the dependence of forcing on controlling variables including the imaginary component of the index of refraction k, particle radius r, solar zenith angle (SZA), and surface reflectance R. For

  8. pavloski-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Using a Sun Photometer as a Narrow Field of View, Vertically Pointing, Narrowband Radiometer: Instrument Design and Concept Verification C. F. Pavloski, T. P. Ackerman, S. Kato, and E. E. Clothiaux Department of Meteorology The Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania Introduction The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) Sun Photometer, deployed as a vertically pointing, 2° field of view (FOV), shortwave spectral instrument, is capable of recording zenith cloud variability

  9. schwartz-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    61 Intercomparison of Radiation Transfer Models Representing Direct Shortwave Forcing by Sulfate Aerosols S. E. Schwartz Environmental Chemistry Division Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Abstract A study has been conducted, involving 15 models by 12 groups, to compare modeled forcing (change in shortwave radiation budget) due to sulfate aerosol for a wide range of values of particle radius, optical depth, surface albedo, and solar zenith angle (SZA). The models included high- and

  10. Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KB Widener; K Johnson

    2005-01-30

    The millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar possesses a doppler capability that will allow the measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.

  11. Chiu_ARMSTM_COPS.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Our retrieval method uses zenith radiance measurements at 673, 870, and 1640 nm wavelengths and requires the presence of green vegetation in the surrounding area. * This method works because: 1. At 673 and 870nm, clouds have nearly identical optical properties, but vegetated surfaces reflect quite differently; 2. 1640 nm is a water-absorbing wavelength that contains information about the strength of forwarding scattering and absorption due to various cloud drop sizes. * Using a 1D radiative

  12. Gem BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gem BioFuels Place: Douglas, Isle of Man, United Kingdom Zip: IM1 4LB Product: Ilse of Man-based biodiesel feedstock developer with...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the performances of the new Leosphere R-MAN 510 lidar procured by the Australian Bureau ... To do so, the R-MAN 510 lidar has been operated at the Darwin ARM site, next to the MPL, ...

  14. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chan, Ho Man" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All BookMonograph ConferenceEvent ... Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records CreatorsAuthors contains: "Chan, Ho Man

  15. Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Congress finds - (1) that man has caused changes in the environment; (2) that many of these changes may affect the relationship between man and his environment; and (3) that ...

  16. Lidar Inter-Comparison Exercise Final Campaign Report (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The objective of this IOP was to evaluate the performances of the new Leosphere R-MAN 510 ... To do so, the R-MAN 510 lidar has been operated at the Darwin ARM site, next to the MPL, ...

  17. Manhattan Project: Implosion Becomes a Necessity, Los Alamos...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fat Man at Tinian Island, August 1945 While experiments on the gun and implosion methods ... and began testing them with B-29s. "Thin Man," named for President Roosevelt, utilized ...

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Lee, Chun Man" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All BookMonograph ConferenceEvent ... Search for: All records CreatorsAuthors contains: "Lee, Chun Man" Sort by Relevance ...

  19. Lidar Inter-Comparison Exercise Final Campaign Report (Program...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the performance of the new Leosphere R-MAN 510 lidar, procured by the Australian ... To accomplish this evaluation, the R-MAN 510 lidar has been operated at the Darwin ARM ...

  20. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Khairoutdinov, Marat (10) Xie, Shaocheng (5) Xu, Kuan-Man (5) Del Genio, Anthony D. (4) ... and Single-Column Models Xu, Kuan-Man ; Zhang, Minghua ; Eitzen, Zachary A. ; ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Ellmer, Klaus Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fr Materialien und Energie GmbH, Institute for Solar Fuels, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, D-14109 Berlin (Germany) (2) Nie, Man, E-mail: man.nie@...

  2. NEPA of 1969

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    between man and his environment; to promote efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man; to enrich ...

  3. Building America High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Enclosure Thermal Enclosure Thermal Encl. Thermal Encl. Low-Load Eff. HVAC Low-Load Eff. HVAC Water Man. Water Man. Eff. Comps MEL's Eff. Comps. MEL's Ventilat'nIAQ ...

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Acker, Michael G. (1) Blacklow, Stephen C. (1) Chan, Ho Man (1) Chopra, Rajiv (1) Clark, ... ; Fan, Lixin ; Stams, Travis ; Chan, Ho Man ; LaMarche, Matthew J. ; Chopra, Rajiv ; ...

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Gupta, Gautam (1) Kar, Swastik (1) Kioupakis, Emmanouil (1) Man, Michael K. L. (1) Mohite, ... substrates with an atomically thin buffer Man, Michael K. L. ; Deckoff-Jones, Skylar ; ...

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the performance of the new Leosphere R-MAN 510 lidar, procured by the Australian ... To accomplish this evaluation, the R-MAN 510 lidar has been operated at the Darwin ARM ...

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Ivanov, Ilia N (1) Jeong, Jae Hak (1) Kim, Gee-Man (1) Kim, Jeong Hwan (1) Kim, Jong Hoon ... Cheol Seong ; Kim, Jong Hoon ; Kim, Gee-Man ; Choi, Jae Ho ; Choi, Kang Joon ; Jeong, ...

  8. doe sc arm 15 058-BAECCMoisseev

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... small aircraft crash offshore where the survivors took refuge in a 6-man life raft. ... The joint civil and federal exercise involved deploying a six-man life raft and life- size ...

  9. Testimonials - Partnerships in R&D - Legrand | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    followed by "John Selldorff, President & CEO, Legrand" and footage of a man in a lab. ... Footage of a lab, followed by footage of a man on a forklift. One of the things that we ...

  10. Testimonials - Partnerships in Combined Heat and Power Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on the screen, followed by "Kevin Keene, Project Director, Cummins" and footage of a man. ... Footage of two men in a lab working on a computer, followed by footage of a man pointing ...

  11. U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    development of electrochromic (EC) film man ufacturing process at in-lab and pi ... Proposed w ork consists of (1) testi ng and optimizing in-lab EC film man ufacturing ...

  12. Testimonials - Partnerships in Solid-State Lighting - Cree, Inc...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Opto Electronics Technology, Cree, Inc." and footage of a man in a showcase room. ... Footage of a man in lab opening a consule full of lights in a lab, followed by a variety ...

  13. Portsmouth Background | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    man-hours; Construction of the site quickly began in 1952. The effort was impressive, and when completed, included nearly 23,000 construction workers logging 69 million man-hou...

  14. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    between man and his environment; to promote efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man; to enrich ...

  15. Testimonials - Partnerships in LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Site, Philips Lumileds Lighting, LLC" and footage of a man sitting in a showcase room. ... a computer screen with data, followed by a man wearing a blue lab coat and face mask is ...

  16. Opportunities for Saving Energy and Improving Air Quality in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of heat from hot surfaces, and man-made heat (exhaust from cars, buildings, etc.). ... The contribution of man-made heat (e.g., air conditioning, cars) is very small, compared ...

  17. Manhattan Project: People Images

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    National Archives; the National Archives identifies the man as Ernest Rutherford, but other sources agree that the man is Hahn); 8. A Marine at Okinawa, May 10, 1945 (courtesy ...

  18. Opportunities for Saving Energy and Improving Air Quality in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of heat from hot surfaces, and man-made heat (exhaust from cars, buildings, etc.). ... The contribution of man-made heat (e.g., air conditioning, cars) is very small, compared ...

  19. Enhanced citric acid production in aspergillus with inactivated...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Provided herein are fungi, such as Aspergillus niger, having a dolichyl-P-Man:Man(5)GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichyl mannosyltransferase (Alg3) gene genetic inactivation, increased expression ...

  20. KSK Power Ventur Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ventur Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: KSK Power Ventur Plc Place: Isle of Man, United Kingdom Zip: IM1 1LB Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Isle of Man-based power project...

  1. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the fourth annual ASR Science Team Meeting in March. To quote Ben Franklin, "If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in...

  2. Sustainable Transportation Success Stories | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2015 Doosan Fuel Cell Takes Closed Plant to Full Production August 25, 2015 One Man's Trash, Another Man's Fuel: BMW Plant Converts Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Fuel June 25, 2015...

  3. Easy Efficiency Steps Pay Off

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    One man jubilantly welcomes the spring and recounts the energy efficient choices he and his roommate made the previous winter.

  4. Duarte variant with clinical signs has alpha/sub 1/-antitrypsin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; GENOTYPE; JAUNDICE; GENETIC VARIABILITY; LIVER CIRRHOSIS; MAN; GENETICS; PATIENTS; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL VARIABILITY; BIOLOGY; DIGESTIVE SYSTEM ...

  5. Pentagon clings to costly lifestyle (Journal Article) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MILITARY PERSONNEL; USA; ANIMALS; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; EQUIPMENT; EVALUATION; MAMMALS; MAN; NORTH AMERICA; PERSONNEL; PRIMATES; VERTEBRATES 290200* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- ...

  6. Earth Day 2012: A Day to Remember the Past and Shape the Future

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On Earth Day 2012, one man contemplates the history of conservationism and environmentalism in the United States - and the world.

  7. TQ: FROM: MEMORANDUM F I L E

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Source Haterial ?? Residue Natural Radioactive Material from Non-Nuclear Acttvitiee Man-Made Ott--- Comment---i---------- -----...

  8. I HEHORANDIJH I TO{ FILE DATE SUti.lECTa I O&R(S)

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Source Material n Rmmidue a patural Radioactive Uatmrial from Non-Nuclear Rctivitimm ,'Q Man-Made Q hgr--- omamnt ---...

  9. OTS NOTE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Source Material q Residue 0 Natural Radioactive Material from Non-Nuclear Activities 0 Man-Made 0 Other--- Comment ---...

  10. MEDICAL EFFECTS OF ATOMIC BOMBS THE REPORT OF THE JOINT COMMISSION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE; BLOOD CELLS; BOOKS; ENVIRONMENT; FALLOUT; FISSION PRODUCTS; GEOPHYSICS; HIROSHIMA; LEUCOCYTES; MAN; MEDICINE; NAGASAKI; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; ...

  11. The effect of the geomagnetic field on cosmic ray energy estimates and large scale anisotropy searches on data from the Pierre Auger Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Ahn, E.J.; Albuquerque, I.F.M.; Allard, D.; Allekotte, I.; Allen, J.; Allison, P.; Alvarez Castillo, J.; Alvarez-Muniz, J.; Ambrosio, M.; ,

    2011-11-01

    We present a comprehensive study of the influence of the geomagnetic field on the energy estimation of extensive air showers with a zenith angle smaller than 60{sup o}, detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory. The geomagnetic field induces an azimuthal modulation of the estimated energy of cosmic rays up to the {approx} 2% level at large zenith angles. We present a method to account for this modulation of the reconstructed energy. We analyse the effect of the modulation on large scale anisotropy searches in the arrival direction distributions of cosmic rays. At a given energy, the geomagnetic effect is shown to induce a pseudo-dipolar pattern at the percent level in the declination distribution that needs to be accounted for. In this work, we have identified and quantified a systematic uncertainty affecting the energy determination of cosmic rays detected by the surface detector array of the Pierre Auger Observatory. This systematic uncertainty, induced by the influence of the geomagnetic field on the shower development, has a strength which depends on both the zenith and the azimuthal angles. Consequently, we have shown that it induces distortions of the estimated cosmic ray event rate at a given energy at the percent level in both the azimuthal and the declination distributions, the latter of which mimics an almost dipolar pattern. We have also shown that the induced distortions are already at the level of the statistical uncertainties for a number of events N {approx_equal} 32 000 (we note that the full Auger surface detector array collects about 6500 events per year with energies above 3 EeV). Accounting for these effects is thus essential with regard to the correct interpretation of large scale anisotropy measurements taking explicitly profit from the declination distribution.

  12. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4974 1 Introducing SAM (Sun and Aureole Measurement), a New, Ground-based Capability for Measuring Cloud Optical Properties Presented to Cloud Properties Working Group IRF Working Group ARM Science Team Meeting John DeVore (devore@visidyne.com) A.T. Stair (ats@visidyne.com) Bob McClatchey 1 (RMcClatchey@msn.com) Visidyne, Inc. 781-273-2820 March 2006 1 Consultant VI-4974 2 Space-Based Sun-Tracking Zenith-Viewing Cirrus (Ice Columns) Solar elevation = 45 deg Sat depression = 45 deg Surface albedo

  13. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the SWS direct irradiance contamination on the analysis of transition zone between cloudy and cloud-free regions Alexander Marshak (GSFC) and Christine Chiu (UMBC) Cloud-free zenith radiance will be uncontaminated as long as the SWS is not illuminated by directly transmitted solar irradiance Main Assumption SZA=45 o May 18, 2007 0 100 200 300 400 0 125 250 375 time (sec) wvl (nm) 400 800 1200 1600 2000 (nm) wavelength (nm) 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 20070518 Blocked around 400 sec Unblocked from 0

  14. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pixel Collocation Technique for Refined Cloud Amounts, Optical Depths, Cloud Heights and Liquid Water Path Intercomparison Genkova, I.(a), Long, C.N.(a), Heck, P.W.(b), and Minnis, P.(c), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (a), University of Wisconsin (b), NASA Langley (c) One of the problems inherent in satellite and surface data comparisons is the spatial matching. Often there is a parallax error due to the GOES view zenith angle or simply due to navigation imperfections. This may cause a

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    On Aerosol Optical Depth Determination from Zenith Measurements of Scattered Light Polarization Degree Shukurov, A.Kh., Shukurov K.A., and Golitsyn G.S., A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS Investigations on relationships between variations of aerosol optical depth τaer and maximal polarization degree Pmax of scattered light (from part of a sky within 90 angular distance of Sun in its almucantar or vertical) are well known (see e.g. Coulson K.L. Izvestia Atmospheric Oceanic

  16. Critical analysis of atmospheric turbidity and precipitable water at five Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.; Gueymard, C.

    1997-12-31

    Global and diffuse radiation and surface meteorological measurements at Edmonton, Montreal, Port Hardy, Toronto and Winnipeg for the years 1977--1984 are analyzed to yield estimates of atmospheric precipitable water and turbidity. Three methods of estimating the precipitable water and two methods of estimating the turbidity are used and compared. Measurements of pyranometer response as a function of zenith angle are used to correct the global radiation measurements. Turbidity is corrected for the effect of circumsolar radiation included in the direct radiation obtained from the global and diffuse radiation measurements. A comparison with earlier precipitable water and turbidity results is included.

  17. How three smart managers control steam costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kendall, R.

    1982-11-01

    Three steam-intensive companies report innovative ways to reduce steam-production costs. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. concentrated on regular maintenance, process modifications, and heat recovery, but also has an on-going policy of seeking further cost savings. Future efforts will explore computer-based boiler controls. Zenith Radio Corporation's color picture tube-making process uses 12% less steam after 700 mechanical steam traps were replaced with fixed-orifice traps. Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. reduced steam costs by monitoring and optimizing process units and by making capital investments to improve steam management. (DCK)

  18. The Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum and Related Measurements with the Pierre Auger Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abraham, : J.; Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Aguirre, C.; Ahn, E.J.; Allard, D.; Allekotte, I.; Allen, J.; Alvarez-Muniz, J.; Ambrosio, M.; Anchordoqui, L.

    2009-06-01

    These are presentations to be presented at the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, in Lodz, Poland during July 2009. It consists of the following presentations: (1) Measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum above 10{sup 18} eV with the Pierre Auger Observatory; (2) The cosmic ray flux observed at zenith angles larger than 60 degrees with the Pierre Auger Observatory; (3) Energy calibration of data recorded with the surface detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory; (4) Exposure of the Hybrid Detector of The Pierre Auger Observatory; and (5) Energy scale derived from Fluorescence Telescopes using Cherenkov Light and Shower Universality.

  19. Chiu_SWS_ARMSTM_2009.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Denote single scattering albedo, phase function, and optical depth as: for aerosols: , , ; for clouds: , , * For a very small optical depth, the downward zenith radiance can be well approximated as: -0.15 -0.10 -0.05 0.00 0.05 0.10 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 cloud-free cloud-free to cloudy cloud cloudy to cloud-free cloud-free * We then derive : Physical Interpretation of the Spectral Radiative Signature in the Transition Zone Between Cloud-free and Cloudy Regions Christine Chiu 1 , Alexander Marshak 2 ,

  20. Advisory Board Seats New Student Representative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Seats New Student Representative Advisory Board Seats New Student Representative May 26, 2016 - 8:19am Addthis New student representative Lara Manning joins ORSSAB for 2016-2017. New student representative Lara Manning joins ORSSAB for 2016-2017. The Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board (ORSSAB) welcomed a new student representative at its monthly meeting. Lara Manning will serve on the board for a one-year term through April 2017. ORSSAB is a federally chartered citizens' panel that provides

  1. Corvette Racing, Muscle Milk Teams Crowned Green Racing Champions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With a wave of the checkered flag, the fourth Green Racing season came to an end in late October at the Petit Le Mans – an American Le Mans Series (ALMS) race at Road Atlanta in Braselton, Georgia. The Green Racing protocols – published by the Energy Department, Environmental Protection Agency and SAE International – emphasize cleaner fuels, efficient vehicle technologies, and speed in the races that adopt them, such as the Petit Le Mans.

  2. Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    man- ager for environmental monitoring for the National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. ... who sup- port the Waste Management Division (WMD) Radioactive ...

  3. Badges | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Badges Badges All Oak Ridge residents had to be badged. This young man receives his new identification badge from Mahattan Project Military Police officers

  4. Gordon Fee, part 1 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  5. Harvey Kite | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  6. Bill Wilcox, part 3 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  7. Donald Raby | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  8. Dorothy Coker | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  9. Gordon Fee, part 2 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...

  10. Louis Freels | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Larry Case Patrick Case Dorothy Coker Gordon Fee Linda Fellers Louis Freels Marie Guy Nathan Henry Agnes Houser John Rice Irwin Harvey Kite Charlie Manning Alice...