Zambia : long-term generation expansion study - executive summary.
Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Buehring, W.; Veselka, T.; Decision and Information Sciences
2008-02-28
The objective of this study is to analyze possible long-term development options of the Zambian electric power system in the period up to 2015. The analysis involved the hydro operations studies of the Zambezi river basin and the systems planning studies for the least-cost generation expansion planning. Two well-known and widely accepted computer models were used in the analysis: PC-VALORAGUA model for the hydro operations and optimization studies and the WASP-III Plus model for the optimization of long-term system development. The WASP-III Plus model is a part of the Argonne National Laboratory's Energy and Power Evaluation Model (ENPEP). The analysis was conducted in close collaboration with the Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation (ZESCO). On the initiative from The World Bank, the sponsor of the study, ZESCO formed a team of experts that participated in the analysis and were trained in the use of computer models. Both models were transferred to ZESCO free of charge and installed on several computers in the ZESCO corporate offices in Lusaka. In September-October 1995, two members of the ZESCO National Team participated in a 4-week training course at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago, U.S.A., focusing on the long-term system expansion planning using the WASP and VALORAGUA models. The hydropower operations studies were performed for the whole Zambezi river basin, including the full installation of the Kariba power station, and the Cahora Bassa hydro power station in Mozambique. The analysis also included possible future projects such as Itezhi-Tezhi, Kafue Gorge Lower, and Batoka Gorge power stations. As hydropower operations studies served to determine the operational characteristics of the existing and future hydro power plants, it was necessary to simulate the whole Zambezi river basin in order to take into account all interactions and mutual influences between the hydro power plants. In addition, it allowed for the optimization of reservoir management and optimization of hydro cascades, resulting in the better utilization of available hydro potential. Numerous analyses were performed for different stages of system development. These include system configurations that correspond to years 1997, 2001, 2015 and 2020. Additional simulations were performed in order to determine the operational parameters of the three existing hydro power stations Victoria Falls, Kariba, and Kafue Gorge Upper, that correspond to the situation before and after their rehabilitation. The rehabilitation works for these three major power stations, that would bring their operational parameters and availability back to the design level, are planned to be carried out in the period until 2000. The main results of the hydro operations studies are presented in Table ES-1. These results correspond to VALORAGUA simulations of system configurations in the years 2001 and 2015. The minimum, average, and maximum electricity generation is based on the simulation of monthly water inflows that correspond to the chronological series of unregulated water inflows at each hydro profile in the period from April 1961 to March 1990. The recommended hydrology dataset provided in the Hydrology Report of the SADC Energy Project AAA 3.8 was used for this study.
Zambia-Long-Term Generation Expansion Study | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan Electric Development Co
Generation and transmission expansion planning for renewable energy integration
Bent, Russell W; Berscheid, Alan; Toole, G. Loren
2010-11-30
In recent years the expansion planning problem has become increasingly complex. As expansion planning (sometimes called composite or integrated resource planning) is a non-linear and non-convex optimization problem, researchers have traditionally focused on approximate models of power flows to solve the problem. The problem has also been split into generation expansion planning (GEP) and transmission network expansion planning (TNEP) to improve computational tractability. Until recently these approximations have produced results that are straight-forward to combine and adapt to the more complex and complete problem. However, the power grid is evolving towards a state where the adaptations are no longer easy (e.g. large amounts of limited control, renewable generation, comparable generation and transmission construction costs) and necessitates new approaches. Recent work on deterministic Discrepancy Bounded Local Search (DBLS) has shown it to be quite effective in addressing the TNEP. In this paper, we propose a generalization of DBLS to handle simultaneous generation and transmission planning.
Theoretical model for plasma expansion generated by hypervelocity impact
Ju, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Qingming Zhang, Dongjiang; Long, Renrong; Chen, Li; Huang, Fenglei; Gong, Zizheng
2014-09-15
The hypervelocity impact experiments of spherical LY12 aluminum projectile diameter of 6.4?mm on LY12 aluminum target thickness of 23?mm have been conducted using a two-stage light gas gun. The impact velocity of the projectile is 5.2, 5.7, and 6.3?km/s, respectively. The experimental results show that the plasma phase transition appears under the current experiment conditions, and the plasma expansion consists of accumulation, equilibrium, and attenuation. The plasma characteristic parameters decrease as the plasma expands outward and are proportional with the third power of the impact velocity, i.e., (T{sub e}, n{sub e})???v{sub p}{sup 3}. Based on the experimental results, a theoretical model on the plasma expansion is developed and the theoretical results are consistent with the experimental data.
Impact of unit commitment constraints on generation expansion planning with renewables
Palmintier, Bryan Stephen
Growing use of renewables pushes thermal generators against operating constraints - e.g. ramping, minimum output, and operating reserves - that are traditionally ignored in expansion planning models. We show how including ...
Computing confidence intervals on solution costs for stochastic grid generation expansion problems.
Woodruff, David L..; Watson, Jean-Paul
2010-12-01
A range of core operations and planning problems for the national electrical grid are naturally formulated and solved as stochastic programming problems, which minimize expected costs subject to a range of uncertain outcomes relating to, for example, uncertain demands or generator output. A critical decision issue relating to such stochastic programs is: How many scenarios are required to ensure a specific error bound on the solution cost? Scenarios are the key mechanism used to sample from the uncertainty space, and the number of scenarios drives computational difficultly. We explore this question in the context of a long-term grid generation expansion problem, using a bounding procedure introduced by Mak, Morton, and Wood. We discuss experimental results using problem formulations independently minimizing expected cost and down-side risk. Our results indicate that we can use a surprisingly small number of scenarios to yield tight error bounds in the case of expected cost minimization, which has key practical implications. In contrast, error bounds in the case of risk minimization are significantly larger, suggesting more research is required in this area in order to achieve rigorous solutions for decision makers.
Kocisek, J.; Lengyel, J.; Farnik, M.
2013-03-28
Pure acetylene and mixed Ar-acetylene clusters are formed in supersonic expansions of acetylene/argon mixtures and analysed using reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer with variable electron energy ionization source. Acetylene clusters composed of more than a hundred acetylene molecules are generated at the acetylene concentration of Almost-Equal-To 8%, while mixed species are produced at low concentrations ( Almost-Equal-To 0.7%). The electron energy dependence of the mass spectra revealed the ionization process mechanisms in clusters. The ionization above the threshold for acetylene molecule of 11.5 eV results in the main ionic fragment progression (C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}{sup +}. At the electron energies Greater-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 21.5 eV above the CH+CH{sup +} dissociative ionization limit of acetylene the fragment ions nominally labelled as (C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}CH{sup +}, n Greater-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 2, are observed. For n Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 7 these fragments correspond to covalently bound ionic structures as suggested by the observed strong dehydrogenation [(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}-k Multiplication-Sign H]{sup +} and [(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}CH -k Multiplication-Sign H]{sup +}. The dehydrogenation is significantly reduced in the mixed clusters where evaporation of Ar instead of hydrogen can stabilize the nascent molecular ion. The C{sub 3}H{sub 3}{sup +} ion was previously assigned to originate from the benzene molecular ion; however, the low appearance energy of Almost-Equal-To 13.7 eV indicates that a less rigid covalently bound structure of C{sub 6}H{sub 6}{sup +} ion must also be formed upon the acetylene cluster electron ionization. The appearance energy of Ar{sub n}(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sup +} fragments above Almost-Equal-To 15.1 eV indicates that the argon ionization is the first step in the fragment ion production, and the appearance energy of Ar{sub n{>=}2}(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub m{>=}2}{sup +} at Almost-Equal-To 13.7 eV is discussed in terms of an exciton transfer mechanism.
Hybrid Generation Systems Planning Expansion Forecast: A Critical State of the Art Review
Brest, Université de
renewable energy resources are random and weather/climatic conditions-dependant. In this challenging context technical and economical constraints. Index Terms--Hybrid energy systems, renewable power generation-friendly nature (i.e. renewable energies). Although renewable energy penetration in electricity is expected
Load regulating expansion fixture
Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.
1998-12-15
A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.
Load regulating expansion fixture
Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)
1998-01-01
A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.
Sparseness and Expansion in Sensory Representations
. In addition, the low dimensionality of the input layer generates overlaps between the induced representations., 2003), and the electrosensory system of electric fish (Chacron et al., 2011). The ubiquity of this phenomenon suggests that sparse and expansive transformations entail a fundamental computational advantage
Nuclear expansion with excitation
J. N. De; S. K. Samaddar; X. Vinas; M. Centelles
2006-05-16
The expansion of an isolated hot spherical nucleus with excitation energy and its caloric curve are studied in a thermodynamic model with the SkM* force as the nuclear effective two-body interaction. The calculated results are shown to compare well with the recent experimental data from energetic nuclear collisions. The fluctuations in temperature and density are also studied. They are seen to build up very rapidly beyond an excitation energy of 9 MeV/u. Volume-conserving quadrupole deformation in addition to expansion indicates, however, nuclear disassembly above an excitation energy of 4 MeV/u
Guzek, J.C.; Lujan, R.A.
1984-01-01
Disclosed is a cooler for television cameras and other temperature sensitive equipment. The cooler uses compressed gas ehich is accelerated to a high velocity by passing it through flow passageways having nozzle portions which expand the gas. This acceleration and expansion causes the gas to undergo a decrease in temperature thereby cooling the cooler body and adjacent temperature sensitive equipment.
Resonant state expansion of the resolvent
Berggren, T.; Lind, P. )
1993-02-01
An analytic method of generating resonant state expansions from the standard completeness relation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics is described and shown to reproduce the generalized completeness relations, earlier derived, involving resonant states. The method is then applied to the expansion of the resolvent (the complete Green's function), the symmetry properties of which [ital seem] to be destroyed if a conventional application of the completeness relations is made. These forms of expansions have a continuum term which contains symmetry-restoring contributions and can therefore never vanish identically, nor can it be neglected. The symmetry-conserving form of the expansion has a set of discrete terms which are identical in form to those of the Mittag-Leffler series for the resolvent. In addition, it contains a continuum contribution which in some cases vanishes identically, but in general does not. We illustrate these findings with numerical applictions in which the potential (a square well) is chosen so as to permit analytic evaluation of practically all functions and quantities involved.
Pallaver, Carl B. (Woodridge, IL); Morgan, Michael W. (Palos Park, IL)
1978-01-01
A cryogenic expansion engine includes intake and exhaust poppet valves each controlled by a cam having adjustable dwell, the valve seats for the valves being threaded inserts in the valve block. Each cam includes a cam base and a ring-shaped cam insert disposed at an exterior corner of the cam base, the cam base and cam insert being generally circular but including an enlarged cam dwell, the circumferential configuration of the cam base and cam dwell being identical, the cam insert being rotatable with respect to the cam base. GI CONTRACTUAL ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION The invention described herein was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the UNITED STATES ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION.
Hydrodynamic noise and Bjorken expansion
J. I. Kapusta; B. Müller; M. Stephanov
2012-11-14
Using the Bjorken expansion model we study the effect of intrinsic hydrodynamic noise on the correlations observed in heavy-ion collisions.
Mills, Andrew
2013-01-01
generation capacity in liberalized electricity markets.capacity expansion in imperfectly competitive restructured electricity markets.
The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Its Expansion The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related...
FERC approves Northwest pipeline expansion
Not Available
1992-06-15
Northwest Pipeline Co., Salt Lake City, Utah, received a final permit from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for a $373.4 million main gas line expansion. This paper reports that it plans to begin construction of the 443 MMcfd expansion in mid-July after obtaining further federal, state, and local permits. The expanded system is to be fully operational by second quarter 1993. When the expansion is complete, total Northwest system mileage will be 3,936 miles and system capacity about 2.49 bcfd.
Resonance Expansions and Rayleigh Waves
We consider the general framework of the “black box scattering” introduced ... for the first time an expansion of the type (1) for trapping systems (having “almost real” resonances) in the black box ...... M. Zworski, private communication, 1992. 14.
Caloric Curves and Nuclear Expansion
J. B. Natowitz; K. Hagel; Y. Ma; M. Murray; L. Qin; S. Shlomo; R. Wada; J. Wang
2002-08-08
Nuclear caloric curves have been analyzed using an expanding Fermi gas hypothesis to extract average nuclear densities. In this approach the observed flattening of the caloric curves reflects progressively increasing expansion with increasing excitation energy. This expansion results in a corresponding decrease in the density and Fermi energy of the excited system. For nuclei of medium to heavy mass apparent densities ~ 0.4 rho_0 are reached at the higher excitation energies.
Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History
Linder, Eric V.
2009-01-01
LBNL- 58260 Cosmic Growth History andExpansion History Eric V. Linder Physics Division, LawrenceCalifornia. Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History Eric
-Area Generation Expansion using Tabu-search and Dynamic Programming Panida Jirutitijaroen, Student Member, IEEE using dynamic programming for the solution of generation expansion and placement considering reliability, Reliability, Tabu Search, Power System Optimization, Global Decomposition, Generation Adequacy, Dynamic
TRANSMISSION AND GENERATION INVESTMENT IN ...
2015-03-04
Mar 4, 2015 ... generation capacity by private firms in liberalized electricity markets. ... Electricity Markets, Network Expansion, Transmission Management. 1 ...... renewables: Using two-stage optimisation to evaluate flexibility and the cost of.
Synchronous Machine Parameter Estimation Using Orthogonal Series Expansion
Synchronous Machine Parameter Estimation Using Orthogonal Series Expansion J. Rico G. T. Heydt A an alternative to estimate armature circuit parameters of large utility generators using real time operating data of digital fault recorder data to identify synchronous machine parameters. 1. INTRODUCTION The use orthogonal
Relativistic effects on plasma expansion
Benkhelifa, El-Amine; Djebli, Mourad, E-mail: mdjebli@usthb.dz [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)
2014-07-15
The expansion of electron-ion plasma is studied through a fully relativistic multi-fluids plasma model which includes thermal pressure, ambipolar electrostatic potential, and internal energy conversion. Numerical investigation, based on quasi-neutral assumption, is performed for three different regimes: nonrelativistic, weakly relativistic, and relativistic. Ions' front in weakly relativistic regime exhibits spiky structure associated with a break-down of quasi-neutrality at the expanding front. In the relativistic regime, ion velocity is found to reach a saturation limit which occurs at earlier stages of the expansion. This limit is enhanced by higher electron velocity.
Series expansions and sudden singularities
John D. Barrow; S. Cotsakis; A. Tsokaros
2013-01-28
We construct solutions of the Friedmann equations near a sudden singularity using generalized series expansions for the scale factor, the density, and the pressure of the fluid content. In this way, we are able to arrive at a solution with a sudden singularity containing two free constants, as required for a general solution of the cosmological equations.
Transmission network expansion planning with simulation optimization
Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Berscheid, Alan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Toole, G. Loren [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-01-01
Within the electric power literatW''e the transmi ssion expansion planning problem (TNEP) refers to the problem of how to upgrade an electric power network to meet future demands. As this problem is a complex, non-linear, and non-convex optimization problem, researchers have traditionally focused on approximate models. Often, their approaches are tightly coupled to the approximation choice. Until recently, these approximations have produced results that are straight-forward to adapt to the more complex (real) problem. However, the power grid is evolving towards a state where the adaptations are no longer easy (i.e. large amounts of limited control, renewable generation) that necessitates new optimization techniques. In this paper, we propose a generalization of the powerful Limited Discrepancy Search (LDS) that encapsulates the complexity in a black box that may be queJied for information about the quality of a proposed expansion. This allows the development of a new optimization algOlitlun that is independent of the underlying power model.
Notes on Mayer Expansions and Matrix Models
Jean-Emile Bourgine
2014-02-03
Mayer cluster expansion is an important tool in statistical physics to evaluate grand canonical partition functions. It has recently been applied to the Nekrasov instanton partition function of $\\mathcal{N}=2$ 4d gauge theories. The associated canonical model involves coupled integrations that take the form of a generalized matrix model. It can be studied with the standard techniques of matrix models, in particular collective field theory and loop equations. In the first part of these notes, we explain how the results of collective field theory can be derived from the cluster expansion. The equalities between free energies at first orders is explained by the discrete Laplace transform relating canonical and grand canonical models. In a second part, we study the canonical loop equations and associate them to similar relations on the grand canonical side. It leads to relate the multi-point densities, fundamental objects of the matrix model, to the generating functions of multi-rooted clusters. Finally, a method is proposed to derive loop equations directly on the grand canonical model.
Production expansion continues to accelerate
Not Available
1992-08-01
This paper reports that Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is continuing its accelerated Crude Oil Expansion Program initiated in 1989 that aims at achieving a 10 million bpd productive capacity by 1995. In addition to major engineering, construction and renovation work related to production expansion, Saudi Aramco drilling and workover operations have been markedly expanded. Since January 1991, rig activity has doubled. As an indication of aging of Saudi production, projects include modernizing current injection water treatment facilities, installing a new seawater injection plant on the Persian Gulf, installing dewatering facilities in a number of locations and installing a pilot gas lift project. In addition, equipment orders indicate the new discoveries south of Riyadh may also need the assistance of water injection from inception of production.
Accelerated expansion without dark energy
Dominik J. Schwarz
2002-10-03
The fact that the LambdaCDM model fits the observations does not necessarily imply the physical existence of `dark energy'. Dropping the assumption that cold dark matter (CDM) is a perfect fluid opens the possibility to fit the data without dark energy. For imperfect CDM, negative bulk pressure is favoured by thermodynamical arguments and might drive the cosmic acceleration. The coincidence between the onset of accelerated expansion and the epoch of structure formation at large scales might suggest that the two phenomena are linked. A specific example is considered in which effective (anti-frictional) forces, which may be due to dissipative processes during the formation of inhomogeneities, give rise to accelerated expansion of a CDM universe.
Accelerated Expansion: Theory and Observations
David Polarski
2001-09-20
The present paradigm in cosmology is the usual Big-Bang Cosmology in which two stages of accelerated expansion are incorporated: the inflationary phase in the very early universe which produces the classical inhomogeneities observed in the universe, and a second stage of acceleration at the present time as the latest Supernovae observations seem to imply. Both stages could be produced by a scalar field and observations will strongly constrain the microscopic lagrangian of any proposed model.
Capacity Expansion with Independent Decision Makers
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
) Maximize: Income New plants Maintenance Expansion Production Transportation = 1 1 to minimize their cost · All producers try to maximize their profit Need to model the conflicting interests, operation, and distribution Problem Statement Maximize net present value (): · Determine expansion plan
Renewable Generation Effect on Net Regional Energy Interchange...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
North-West Power Pool PV Photovoltaic power generation RE Renewable energy: PV andor wind RMPP Rocky Mountains Power Pool TEPPC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee...
Heuberger, Clemens
THE ALTERNATING GREEDY EXPANSION AND APPLICATIONS TO COMPUTING DIGIT EXPANSIONS FROM LEFT-TO-RIGHT curve. We give two algorithms to compute such a minimal joint expansion from left to right. To this aim and algorithms. In the second part, we apply it to give an algorithm for computing a joint expansion of d
Improving Power System Modeling. A Tool to Link Capacity Expansion and Production Cost Models
Diakov, Victor; Cole, Wesley; Sullivan, Patrick; Brinkman, Gregory; Margolis, Robert
2015-11-01
Capacity expansion models (CEM) provide a high-level long-term view at the prospects of the evolving power system. In simulating the possibilities of long-term capacity expansion, it is important to maintain the viability of power system operation in the short-term (daily, hourly and sub-hourly) scales. Production-cost models (PCM) simulate routine power system operation on these shorter time scales using detailed load, transmission and generation fleet data by minimizing production costs and following reliability requirements. When based on CEM 'predictions' about generating unit retirements and buildup, PCM provide more detailed simulation for the short-term system operation and, consequently, may confirm the validity of capacity expansion predictions. Further, production cost model simulations of a system that is based on capacity expansion model solution are 'evolutionary' sound: the generator mix is the result of logical sequence of unit retirement and buildup resulting from policy and incentives. The above has motivated us to bridge CEM with PCM by building a capacity expansion - to - production cost model Linking Tool (CEPCoLT). The Linking Tool is built to onset capacity expansion model prescriptions onto production cost model inputs. NREL's ReEDS and Energy Examplar's PLEXOS are the capacity expansion and the production cost models, respectively. Via the Linking Tool, PLEXOS provides details of operation for the regionally-defined ReEDS scenarios.
Crossroads Expansion | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDPCross-Laminated Timber PanelsExpansion
High thermal expansion, sealing glass
Brow, Richard K. (Albuquerque, NM); Kovacic, Larry (Albuquerque, NM)
1993-01-01
A glass composition for hermetically sealing to high thermal expansion materials such as aluminum alloys, stainless steels, copper, and copper/beryllium alloys, which includes between about 10 and about 25 mole percent Na.sub.2 O, between about 10 and about 25 mole percent K.sub.2 O, between about 5 and about 15 mole percent Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, between about 35 and about 50 mole percent P.sub.2 O.sub.5 and between about 5 and about 15 mole percent of one of PbO, BaO, and mixtures thereof. The composition, which may also include between 0 and about 5 mole percent Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3 and between 0 and about 10 mole percent B.sub.2 O.sub.3, has a thermal expansion coefficient in a range of between about 160 and 210.times.10-7/.degree.C. and a dissolution rate in a range of between about 2.times.10.sup.- 7 and 2.times.10.sup.-9 g/cm.sup.2 -min. This composition is suitable to hermetically seal to metallic electrical components which will be subjected to humid environments over an extended period of time.
High thermal expansion, sealing glass
Brow, R.K.; Kovacic, L.
1993-11-16
A glass composition is described for hermetically sealing to high thermal expansion materials such as aluminum alloys, stainless steels, copper, and copper/beryllium alloys, which includes between about 10 and about 25 mole percent Na[sub 2]O, between about 10 and about 25 mole percent K[sub 2]O, between about 5 and about 15 mole percent Al[sub 2]O[sub 3], between about 35 and about 50 mole percent P[sub 2]O[sub 5] and between about 5 and about 15 mole percent of one of PbO, BaO, and mixtures thereof. The composition, which may also include between 0 and about 5 mole percent Fe[sub 2]O[sub 3] and between 0 and about 10 mole percent B[sub 2]O[sub 3], has a thermal expansion coefficient in a range of between about 160 and 210[times]10[sup [minus]7]/C and a dissolution rate in a range of between about 2[times]10[sup [minus]7] and 2[times]10[sup [minus]9]g/cm[sup 2]-min. This composition is suitable to hermetically seal to metallic electrical components which will be subjected to humid environments over an extended period of time.
Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
in-Review: 2010 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of...
Energy Department Authorizes Sabine Pass Liquefaction's Expansion...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Expansion Project (Sabine Pass) to export domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG) to countries that do not have a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the United States. The...
Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones
Oppedisano, Michael
2013-12-20
The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...
Thermal Expansion and Diffusion Coefficients of Carbon
Wei, Chenyu
Thermal Expansion and Diffusion Coefficients of Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites Chenyu Wei* NASA of carbon nanotube-polyethylene composites. Additions of carbon nanotubes to a polymer matrix are found for polymer-nanotube interface are used to investigate the thermal expansion and diffusion characteristics
Multipole Expansion Model in Gravitational Lensing
T. Fukuyama; Y. Kakigi; T. Okamura
1997-01-31
Non-transparent models of multipole expansion model and two point-mass model are analyzed from the catastrophe theory. Singularity behaviours of $2^n$-pole moments are discussed. We apply these models to triple quasar PG1115+080 and compare with the typical transparent model, softened power law spheroids. Multipole expansion model gives the best fit among them.
Multipole expansion method for supernova neutrino oscillations
Duan, Huaiyu; Shalgar, Shashank, E-mail: duan@unm.edu, E-mail: shashankshalgar@unm.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States)
2014-10-01
We demonstrate a multipole expansion method to calculate collective neutrino oscillations in supernovae using the neutrino bulb model. We show that it is much more efficient to solve multi-angle neutrino oscillations in multipole basis than in angle basis. The multipole expansion method also provides interesting insights into multi-angle calculations that were accomplished previously in angle basis.
Investigating Visual Feedforward for Target Expansion Techniques
. Three design axes characterize the concept of atomic feedforward mechanism, an elementary unit that can expansion technique. Focusing on feedforward mechanisms, we introduce a design space that allows us the concept of atomic feedforward mechanism along three design axes. We then describe a target expansion
Calculations of Surface Thermal-Expansion
KENNER, VE; Allen, Roland E.
1973-01-01
expansion. At high temperatures, the results for the surface thermal expansion are in agreement with the prediction of an approximate model which we gave earlier, +surface/abu)k ?(3/4) & ur ) su f / (0 )b lk At lOW temperatureS, a,???e/ab?,k paSSeS thr... influence the shifts in the Bragg peaks which are observed experimentally, as has been found to be the case in other attempts to measure surface thermal expansion. A nonkinematical calculation of temperature effects in low-energy-electron diffraction from...
Concentric ring flywheel without expansion separators
Kuklo, T.C.
1999-08-24
A concentric ring flywheel wherein the adjacent rings are configured to eliminate the need for differential expansion separators between the adjacent rings. This is accomplished by forming a circumferential step on an outer surface of an inner concentric ring and forming a matching circumferential step on the inner surface of an adjacent outer concentric ring. During operation the circumferential steps allow the rings to differentially expand due to the difference in the radius of the rings without the formation of gaps therebetween, thereby eliminating the need for expansion separators to take up the gaps formed by differential expansion. 3 figs.
Low expansion superalloy with improved toughness
Smith, D.F.; Stein, L.I.; Hwang, I.S.
1995-06-20
A high strength, low coefficient of thermal expansion superalloy exhibiting improved toughness over a broad temperature range down to about 4 K is disclosed. The composition is adapted for use with wrought superconducting sheathing.
An effective theory of accelerated expansion
Raul Jimenez; P. Talavera; Licia Verde
2012-11-16
We work out an effective theory of accelerated expansion to describe general phenomena of inflation and acceleration (dark energy) in the Universe. Our aim is to determine from theoretical grounds, in a physically-motivated and model independent way, which and how many (free) parameters are needed to broadly capture the physics of a theory describing cosmic acceleration. Our goal is to make as much as possible transparent the physical interpretation of the parameters describing the expansion. We show that, at leading order, there are five independent parameters, of which one can be constrained via general relativity tests. The other four parameters need to be determined by observing and measuring the cosmic expansion rate only, H(z). Therefore we suggest that future cosmology surveys focus on obtaining an accurate as possible measurement of $H(z)$ to constrain the nature of accelerated expansion (dark energy and/or inflation).
Habitable piers : an alternative for urban expansion
Lin, Chin Yuan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1990-01-01
This thesis is an investigation into an alternative way of urban expansion for a seaside community. This thesis proposes a habitable urban environment on the water by creating for an exchange between the built urban landscape ...
Brain choline concentration: early quantitative marker of ischemia and infarct expansion?
Karaszewski, B.; Thomas, R.G.R.; Chappell, F.M.; Armitage, P.A.; Carpenter, T.K.; Lymer, G.K.S.; Dennis, M.S.; Marshall, I.; Wardlaw, J.M.
–28) there were 108 infarct "non-expansion” voxels and 113 infarct "expansion” voxels (of which 80 were “complete expansion” and 33 “partial expansion” voxels). Brain choline concentration increased for each change in expansion category from "non-expansion", via...
Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion
Imamura, Yosuke
2015-01-01
We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.
Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion
Yosuke Imamura
2015-10-28
We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.
Optimized delta expansion for relativistic nuclear models
G. Krein; R. S. Marques de Carvalho; D. P. Menezes; M. Nielsen; M. B. Pinto
1997-09-24
The optimized $\\delta$-expansion is a nonperturbative approach for field theoretic models which combines the techniques of perturbation theory and the variational principle. This technique is discussed in the $\\lambda \\phi^4$ model and then implemented in the Walecka model for the equation of state of nuclear matter. The results obtained with the $\\delta$ expansion are compared with those obtained with the traditional mean field, relativistic Hartree and Hartree-Fock approximations.
Miniscrew Assisted Slow Expansion of Mature Sutures
Pulver, Ross
2014-04-28
hemorrhage, gingival recession, root resorption, injury to the branches of the maxillary nerve, infection, pain, devitalization of teeth and altered 15 pulpal blood flow, periodontal breakdown, sinus infection, alar base flaring, extrusion of teeth... monkeys, at 2 weeks post expansion and 3 months post expansion.45 These authors concluded that there was ‘no doubt’ that the maxillary suture had been split, that the bony defect created in this area was filled with bone, and that it eventually returned...
Shlapentokh, Alexandra
Diophantine Generation, Horizontal and Vertical Problems, and the Weak Vertical Method Alexandra Shlapentokh Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Generation Diophantine Sets Diophantine Generation Properties of Diophantine Generation Diophantine Family of Z Diophantine Family of a Polynomial Ring Going Down Horizontal
Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection and Maintenance (SMU) Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection and Maintenance (SMU)...
Eigenfunction Expansion of the Space-Time Dependent Neutron Survival...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Eigenfunction Expansion of the Space-Time Dependent Neutron Survival Probability. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Eigenfunction Expansion of the Space-Time Dependent...
Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...
2 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (July 2013) Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (July 2013) The Year-in-Review (YIR): 2012 Energy...
High Efficiency Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Application...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Applications High Efficiency Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Applications Large increases in engine thermal efficiency result...
Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina July 26, 2011 -...
Capacity expansion planning of alternative resources Formulation of a new mechanism to
McCalley, James D.
Capacity expansion planning of alternative resources Formulation of a new mechanism to procure · Gap between net revenues produced by energy markets and the capital costs of investing in new capacity GENERATING CAPACITY, MIT 2006 . FTI Consulting, "Evaluation of the New York Capacity Market", March 2013
Xiang Zhou; Qingmin Zhang; Qian Liu; Zhenyu Zhang; Yayun Ding; Li Zhou; Jun Cao
2015-04-04
We report the measurements of the densities of linear alkylbenzene at three temperatures over 4 to 23 Celsius degree with pressures up to 10 MPa. The measurements have been analysed to yield the isobaric thermal expansion coefficients and, so far for the first time, isothermal compressibilities of linear alkylbenzene. Relevance of results for current generation (i.e. Daya Bay) and next generation (i.e. JUNO) large liquid scintillator neutrino detectors are discussed.
Zhang, Yan; Sahinidis, Nikolaos V.
2013-04-06
In this paper, surrogate models are iteratively built using polynomial chaos expansion (PCE) and detailed numerical simulations of a carbon sequestration system. Output variables from a numerical simulator are approximated as polynomial functions of uncertain parameters. Once generated, PCE representations can be used in place of the numerical simulator and often decrease simulation times by several orders of magnitude. However, PCE models are expensive to derive unless the number of terms in the expansion is moderate, which requires a relatively small number of uncertain variables and a low degree of expansion. To cope with this limitation, instead of using a classical full expansion at each step of an iterative PCE construction method, we introduce a mixed-integer programming (MIP) formulation to identify the best subset of basis terms in the expansion. This approach makes it possible to keep the number of terms small in the expansion. Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is then performed by substituting the values of the uncertain parameters into the closed-form polynomial functions. Based on the results of MC simulation, the uncertainties of injecting CO{sub 2} underground are quantified for a saline aquifer. Moreover, based on the PCE model, we formulate an optimization problem to determine the optimal CO{sub 2} injection rate so as to maximize the gas saturation (residual trapping) during injection, and thereby minimize the chance of leakage.
A meaningful expansion around detailed balance
Matteo Colangeli; Christian Maes; Bram Wynants
2011-01-18
We consider Markovian dynamics modeling open mesoscopic systems which are driven away from detailed balance by a nonconservative force. A systematic expansion is obtained of the stationary distribution around an equilibrium reference, in orders of the nonequilibrium forcing. The first order around equilibrium has been known since the work of McLennan (1959), and involves the transient irreversible entropy flux. The expansion generalizes the McLennan formula to higher orders, complementing the entropy flux with the dynamical activity. The latter is more kinetic than thermodynamic and is a possible realization of Landauer's insight (1975) that, for nonequilibrium, the relative occupation of states also depends on the noise along possible escape routes. In that way nonlinear response around equilibrium can be meaningfully discussed in terms of two main quantities only, the entropy flux and the dynamical activity. The expansion makes mathematical sense as shown in the simplest cases from exponential ergodicity.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Electricity, US Data. 6. Distributed Generation: Standby Generation and Cogeneration Ozz Energy Solutions, Inc. February 28 th , 2005. For more information about...
Exact Q-Deformed Dyson Expansion for the Nuclear J=5/2 Shell
S. S. Avancini; J. R. Marinelli; D. P. Menezes; M. M. Watanabe de Moraes; N. Yoshinaga
1997-01-29
The quon algebra, which interpolates between the Bose and Fermi algebras and depends on a free paramenter $q$, is used to generate a deformed Dyson boson expansion of the quadrupole operator. Then we obtain a quadrupole-quadrupole hamiltonian, for a single j-shell, in terms of this deformed bosonic operator. The hamiltonian is diagonalized and its eigenvalues are compared with the ones obtained from the fermionic quadrupole-quadrupole hamiltonian. The deformation parameter helps in achieving the correct energy levels, what cannot be encountered in practice with the usual non-deformed Dyson expansion.
Taylor Expansion Diagrams: A Canonical Representation for
Kalla, Priyank
Taylor series expansion that allows one to model word-level signals as algebraic symbols. This power systems has made it essential to address verification issues at early stages of the design cycle representations. TEDs are applicable to modeling, symbolic simulation, and equivalence verification of dataflow
Polymer Expansions for Cycle LDPC Codes
Nicolas Macris; Marc Vuffray
2012-02-13
We prove that the Bethe expression for the conditional input-output entropy of cycle LDPC codes on binary symmetric channels above the MAP threshold is exact in the large block length limit. The analysis relies on methods from statistical physics. The finite size corrections to the Bethe expression are expressed through a polymer expansion which is controlled thanks to expander and counting arguments.
Natural Gas Pipeline and System Expansions
Reports and Publications (EIA)
1997-01-01
This special report examines recent expansions to the North American natural gas pipeline network and the nature and type of proposed pipeline projects announced or approved for construction during the next several years in the United States. It includes those projects in Canada and Mexico that tie in with U.S. markets or projects.
Climate Science: Tropical Expansion by Ocean Swing
Lu, Jian
2014-04-01
The tropical belt has become wider over the past decades, but climate models fall short of capturing the full rate of the expansion. The latest analysis of the climate simulations suggests that a long-term swing of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation is the main missing cause.
Polytope expansion of Lie characters and applications
Walton, Mark A., E-mail: walton@uleth.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4 (Canada)
2013-12-15
The weight systems of finite-dimensional representations of complex, simple Lie algebras exhibit patterns beyond Weyl-group symmetry. These patterns occur because weight systems can be decomposed into lattice polytopes in a natural way. Since lattice polytopes are relatively simple, this decomposition is useful, in addition to being more economical than the decomposition into single weights. An expansion of characters into polytope sums follows from the polytope decomposition of weight systems. We study this polytope expansion here. A new, general formula is given for the polytope sums involved. The combinatorics of the polytope expansion are analyzed; we point out that they are reduced from those of the Weyl character formula (described by the Kostant partition function) in an optimal way. We also show that the weight multiplicities can be found easily from the polytope multiplicities, indicating explicitly the equivalence of the two descriptions. Finally, we demonstrate the utility of the polytope expansion by showing how polytope multiplicities can be used in the calculation of tensor product decompositions, and subalgebra branching rules.
Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics
Ralf Hofmann
2009-11-05
We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.
The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Its Expansion. Report Pursuant to Section 1817 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The...
216-B-3 expansion ponds closure plan
Not Available
1994-10-01
This document describes the activities for clean closure under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) of the 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds. The 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds are operated by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) and co-operated by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford). The 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds consists of a series of three earthen, unlined, interconnected ponds that receive waste water from various 200 East Area operating facilities. The 3A, 3B, and 3C ponds are referred to as Expansion Ponds because they expanded the capability of the B Pond System. Waste water (primarily cooling water, steam condensate, and sanitary water) from various 200 East Area facilities is discharged to the Bypass pipe (Project X-009). Water discharged to the Bypass pipe flows directly into the 216-B-3C Pond. The ponds were operated in a cascade mode, where the Main Pond overflowed into the 3A Pond and the 3A Pond overflowed into the 3C Pond. The 3B Pond has not received waste water since May 1985; however, when in operation, the 3B Pond received overflow from the 3A Pond. In the past, waste water discharges to the Expansion Ponds had the potential to have contained mixed waste (radioactive waste and dangerous waste). The radioactive portion of mixed waste has been interpreted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to be regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954; the dangerous waste portion of mixed waste is regulated under RCRA.
Gabriel Álvarez; Luis Martínez Alonso; Elena Medina
2011-01-14
We present a method to compute the genus expansion of the free energy of Hermitian matrix models from the large N expansion of the recurrence coefficients of the associated family of orthogonal polynomials. The method is based on the Bleher-Its deformation of the model, on its associated integral representation of the free energy, and on a method for solving the string equation which uses the resolvent of the Lax operator of the underlying Toda hierarchy. As a byproduct we obtain an efficient algorithm to compute generating functions for the enumeration of labeled k-maps which does not require the explicit expressions of the coefficients of the topological expansion. Finally we discuss the regularization of singular one-cut models within this approach.
Dynamic Time Expansion and Compression Using Nonlinear Waveguides
Findikoglu, Alp T.; Hahn, Sangkoo F.; Jia, Quanxi
2004-06-22
Dynamic time expansion or compression of a small amplitude input signal generated with an initial scale is performed using a nonlinear waveguide. A nonlinear waveguide having a variable refractive index is connected to a bias voltage source having a bias signal amplitude that is large relative to the input signal to vary the reflective index and concomitant speed of propagation of the nonlinear waveguide and an electrical circuit for applying the small amplitude signal and the large amplitude bias signal simultaneously to the nonlinear waveguide. The large amplitude bias signal with the input signal alters the speed of propagation of the small-amplitude signal with time in the nonlinear waveguide to expand or contract the initial time scale of the small-amplitude input signal.
Growth of Cosmic Structure: Probing Dark Energy Beyond Expansion
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Huterer, Dragan [University of Michigan, Department of Physics Ann Harbor, MI (United States); Kirkby, David [UC Irvine, Department of Physics and Astronomy, CA (United States); Bean, Rachel [Cornell University, Department of Astronomy, Ithaca, NY (United States); Connolly, Andrew [University of Washington, Department of Astronomy, Seattle, WA (United States); Dawson, Kyle [University of Utah, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Dodelson, Scott [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Fermilab Center for Particle Astrophysics, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Chicago, Department of Physics & Astrophysics, Chicago, IL (United States); Evrard, August [University of Michigan, Department of Physics Ann Harbor, MI (United States); Jain, Bhuvnesh [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Jarvis, Michael [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Linder, Eric [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Physics Division, Berkeley, CA (United States); Mandelbaum, Rachel [Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Physics, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); May, Morgan [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Raccanelli, Alvise [California Institute of Technology, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA (United States); Reid, Beth [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Physics Division, Berkeley, CA (United States); Rozo, Eduardo [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States); Schmidt, Fabian [Princeton University, Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton, NJ (United States); Max-Planck-Insitute for Astrophysics, Garching (Germany); Sehgal, Neelima [Stony Brook University, NY (United States); Slosar, Anze [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Van Engelen, Alex [Stony Brook University, NY (United States); Wu, Hao-Yi [University of Michigan, Department of Physics, Ann Harbor, MI (United States); Zhao, Gongbo [Chinese Academy of Science, National Astronomy Observatories, Beijing (China)
2015-03-01
The quantity and quality of cosmic structure observations have greatly accelerated in recent years, and further leaps forward will be facilitated by imminent projects. These will enable us to map the evolution of dark and baryonic matter density fluctuations over cosmic history. The way that these fluctuations vary over space and time is sensitive to several pieces of fundamental physics: the primordial perturbations generated by GUT-scale physics; neutrino masses and interactions; the nature of dark matter and dark energy. We focus on the last of these here: the ways that combining probes of growth with those of the cosmic expansion such as distance-redshift relations will pin down the mechanism driving the acceleration of the Universe.
Dynamic time expansion and compression using nonlinear waveguides
Findikoglu, Alp T.; Hahn, Sangkoo F.; Jia, Quanxi
2004-06-22
Dynamic time expansion or compression of a small-amplitude input signal generated with an initial scale is performed using a nonlinear waveguide. A nonlinear waveguide having a variable refractive index is connected to a bias voltage source having a bias signal amplitude that is large relative to the input signal to vary the reflective index and concomitant speed of propagation of the nonlinear waveguide and an electrical circuit for applying the small-amplitude signal and the large amplitude bias signal simultaneously to the nonlinear waveguide. The large amplitude bias signal with the input signal alters the speed of propagation of the small-amplitude signal with time in the nonlinear waveguide to expand or contract the initial time scale of the small-amplitude input signal.
Low thermal expansion seal ring support
Dewis, David W. (San Diego, CA); Glezer, Boris (Del Mar, CA)
2000-01-01
Today, the trend is to increase the temperature of operation of gas turbine engines. To cool the components with compressor discharge air, robs air which could otherwise be used for combustion and creates a less efficient gas turbine engine. The present low thermal expansion sealing ring support system reduces the quantity of cooling air required while maintaining life and longevity of the components. Additionally, the low thermal expansion sealing ring reduces the clearance "C","C'" demanded between the interface between the sealing surface and the tip of the plurality of turbine blades. The sealing ring is supported by a plurality of support members in a manner in which the sealing ring and the plurality of support members independently expand and contract relative to each other and to other gas turbine engine components.
Locally-smeared operator product expansions
Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostantinos
2014-12-01
We propose a "locally-smeared Operator Product Expansion" (sOPE) to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of locally-smeared operators. The sOPE formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements of smeared degrees of freedom, determined numerically using the gradient flow, to non-local operators in the continuum. The nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale prevents a simple connection to the standard operator product expansion and therefore requires the construction of a two-scale formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using the example of real scalar field theory.
Frostless heat pump having thermal expansion valves
Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN); Mei, Viung C. (Oak Ridge, TN)
2002-10-22
A heat pump system having an operable relationship for transferring heat between an exterior atmosphere and an interior atmosphere via a fluid refrigerant and further having a compressor, an interior heat exchanger, an exterior heat exchanger, a heat pump reversing valve, an accumulator, a thermal expansion valve having a remote sensing bulb disposed in heat transferable contact with the refrigerant piping section between said accumulator and said reversing valve, an outdoor temperature sensor, and a first means for heating said remote sensing bulb in response to said outdoor temperature sensor thereby opening said thermal expansion valve to raise suction pressure in order to mitigate defrosting of said exterior heat exchanger wherein said heat pump continues to operate in a heating mode.
Math Appendices A.1 Taylor expansion
Schofield, Jeremy
Appendix A Math Appendices A.1 Taylor expansion · Expand function f(x + a) from small a around) = j=0 xj j j! , f(x + a) = exp a d dx f(x). 89 #12;90 APPENDIX A. MATH APPENDICES A.2 Series - x2 = - dx x2 - x2 p(x) #12;92 APPENDIX A. MATH APPENDICES A.3.3 Gaussian distributions 1
Expansion and Collapse in the Cosmic Web
Michael Rauch; George D. Becker; Matteo Viel; Wallace L. W. Sargent; Alain Smette; Robert A. Simcoe; Thomas A. Barlow; Martin G. Haehnelt
2005-09-09
We study the kinematics of the gaseous cosmic web at high redshift with Lyman alpha forest absorption in multiple QSO sightlines. Using a simple analytic model and a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation we constrain the underlying three-dimensional distribution of velocities from the observed line-of-sight distribution of velocity shear across the plane of the sky. The distribution is found to be in good agreement with the intergalactic medium (IGM) undergoing large scale motions dominated by the Hubble flow. Modeling the Lyman alpha clouds analytically and with a hydrodynamics simulation, the average expansion velocity of the gaseous structures causing the Lyman alpha forest in the lower redshift (z = 2) sample appears about 20 percent lower than the local Hubble expansion velocity. We interpret this as tentative evidence for some clouds undergoing gravitational collapse. However, the distribution of velocities is highly skewed, and the majority of clouds at redshifts from 2 to 3.8 expand typically about 5 - 20 percent faster than the Hubble flow. This behavior is explained if most absorbers in the column density range typically detectable are expanding filaments that stretch and drain into more massive nodes. We find no evidence for the observed distribution of velocity shear being significantly influenced by processes other than Hubble expansion and gravitational instability, like galactic winds. To avoid overly disturbing the IGM, winds may be old and/or limp by the time we observe them in the Lyman alpha forest, or they may occupy only an insignificant volume fraction of the IGM. (abridged)
Frequency dependent thermal expansion in binary viscoelasticcomposites
Berryman, James G.
2007-12-01
The effective thermal expansion coefficient beta* of abinary viscoelastic composite is shown to be frequency dependent even ifthe thermal expansion coefficients beta A and beta B of both constituentsare themselves frequency independent. Exact calculations for binaryviscoelastic systems show that beta* is related to constituent valuesbeta A, beta B, volume fractions, and bulk moduli KA, KB, as well as tothe overall bulk modulus K* of the composite system. Then, beta* isdetermined for isotropic systems by first bounding (or measuring) K* andtherefore beta*. For anisotropic systems with hexagonal symmetry, theprincipal values of the thermal expansion beta*perp and beta*para can bedetermined exactly when the constituents form a layered system. In allthe examples studied, it is shown explicitly that the eigenvectors of thethermoviscoelastic system possess non-negative dissipation -- despite thecomplicated analytical behavior of the frequency dependent thermalexpansivities themselves. Methods presented have a variety ofapplications from fluid-fluid mixtures to fluid-solid suspensions, andfrom fluid-saturated porous media to viscoelastic solid-solidcomposites.
Year-in-Review: 2011 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...
1 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (April 2012) Year-in-Review: 2011 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (April 2012) The 2011 Year-in-Review (YIR) provides a...
Earth pressures and deformations in civil infrastructure in expansive soils
Hong, Gyeong Taek
2008-10-10
. The volume change model in expansive clay has been refined to reinforce realistic characteristics of swelling and shrinkage behavior of expansive clay soils. Refinements include more realistic design soil suction versus depth profiles and improved...
Expansion-loop enclosure resolves subsea line problems
Rich, S.K.; Alleyne, A.G.
1998-08-03
Recent design and construction of a Gulf of Mexico subsea pipeline illustrate the use of buried, enclosed expansion loops to resolve problems from expansion and upheaval buckling. Buried, subsea pipelines operating at high temperatures and pressures experience extreme compressive loads caused by the axial restraint of the soil. The high axial forces combined with imperfections in the seabed may overstress the pipeline or result in upheaval buckling. Typically, expansion loops, or doglegs, are installed to protect the pipeline risers from expansion and to alleviate axial forces. Buried expansion loops, however, are rendered virtually ineffective by the lateral restraint of the soil. Alternative methods to reduce expansion may increase the potential of upheaval buckling or overstressing the pipeline. Therefore, system design must consider expansion and upheaval buckling together. Discussed here are methods of prevention and control of expansion and upheaval buckling, evaluating the impact on the overall system.
Expansion/De-expansion Tool to Quantify the Accuracy of Prostate Contours
Chung, Eugene; Stenmark, Matthew H.; Evans, Cheryl; Narayana, Vrinda; McLaughlin, Patrick W.
2012-05-01
Purpose: Accurate delineation of the prostate gland on computed tomography (CT) remains a persistent challenge and continues to introduce geometric uncertainty into the planning and delivery of external beam radiotherapy. We, therefore, developed an expansion/de-expansion tool to quantify the contour errors and determine the location of the deviations. Methods and Materials: A planning CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging scan were prospectively acquired for 10 patients with prostate cancer. The prostate glands were contoured by 3 independent observers using the CT data sets with instructions to contour the prostate without underestimation but to minimize overestimation. The standard prostate for each patient was defined using magnetic resonance imaging and CT on multiple planes. After registration of the CT and magnetic resonance imaging data sets, the CT-defined prostates were scored for accuracy. The contours were defined as ideal if they were within a 2.5-mm expansion of the standard without underestimation, acceptable if they were within a 5.0-mm expansion and a 2.5-mm de-expansion, and unacceptable if they extended >5.0 mm or underestimated the prostate by >2.5 mm. Results: A total of 636 CT slices were individually analyzed, with the vast majority scored as ideal or acceptable. However, none of the 30 prostate contour sets had all the contours scored as ideal or acceptable. For all 3 observers, the unacceptable contours were more likely from underestimation than overestimation of the prostate. The errors were more common at the base and apex than the mid-gland. Conclusions: The expansion/de-expansion tool allows for directed feedback on the location of contour deviations, as well as the determination of over- or underestimation of the prostate. This metric might help improve the accuracy of prostate contours.
Carlos R. Handy; Daniel Vrinceanu; Carl Marth; Harold A. Brooks
2014-11-19
Many quantum systems admit an explicit analytic Fourier space expansion, besides the usual analytic Schrodinger configuration space representation. We argue that the use of weighted orthonormal polynomial expansions for the physical states (generated through the power moments) can define both an $L^2$ convergent, non-orthogonal, basis expansion with sufficient point-wise convergent behaviors enabling the direct coupling of the global (power moments) and local (Taylor series) expansions in configuration space. Our formulation is elaborated within the orthogonal polynomial projection quantization (OPPQ) configuration space representation previously developed by Handy and Vrinceanu. The quantization approach pursued here defines an alternative strategy emphasizing the relevance OPPQ to the reconstruction of the local structure of the physical states.
Use Data-depend Function Build Message Expansion Function
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Use Data-depend Function Build Message Expansion Function ZiJie Xu and Ke Xu xuzijiewz use these functions build a message expansion function. In the message expansion function differences, and any message modification will affect at least 8 data-depend function parameter. Key Word
West Foster Creek Expansion Project 2007 HEP Report.
Ashley, Paul R.
2008-02-01
During April and May 2007, the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority's (CBFWA) Regional HEP Team (RHT) conducted baseline Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) (USFWS 1980, 1980a) analyses on five parcels collectively designated the West Foster Creek Expansion Project (3,756.48 acres). The purpose of the HEP analyses was to document extant habitat conditions and to determine how many baseline/protection habitat units (HUs) to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for funding maintenance and enhancement activities on project lands as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams. HEP evaluation models included mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta), sharp-tailed grouse, (Tympanuchus phasianellus), Bobcat (Lynx rufus), mink (Neovison vison), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), and black-capped chickadee (Parus atricapillus). Combined 2007 baseline HEP results show that 4,946.44 habitat units were generated on 3,756.48 acres (1.32 HUs per acre). HEP results/habitat conditions were generally similar for like cover types at all sites. Unlike crediting of habitat units (HUs) on other WDFW owned lands, Bonneville Power Administration received full credit for HUs generated on these sites.
Sevostianov, Igor
On the thermal expansion of composite materials and cross-property connection between thermal expansion and thermal conductivity Igor Sevostianov Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New: Composite material Thermal expansion Cross-property Microstructure Thermal conductivity a b s t r a c
Lattice-structures and constructs with designed thermal expansion coefficients
Spadaccini, Christopher; Hopkins, Jonathan
2014-10-28
A thermal expansion-managed lattice structure having a plurality of unit cells each having flexure bearing-mounted tabs supported on a base and actuated by thermal expansion of an actuator having a thermal expansion coefficient greater than the base and arranged so that the tab is inwardly displaced into a base cavity. The flexure bearing-mounted tabs are connected to other flexure-bearing-mounted tabs of adjacent unit cells so that the adjacent unit cells are spaced from each other to accommodate thermal expansion of individual unit cells while maintaining a desired bulk thermal expansion coefficient of the lattice structure as a whole.
Diamond Shamrock nears completion of major expansions
True, W.R.
1993-05-24
With completion later this year of a second refined products line into Colorado, Diamond Shamrock Inc., San Antonio, will have added more than 600 miles of product and crude-oil pipeline on its system and expanded charge and production capacities at its two state-of-the-art refineries, all within 30 months. The projects aim at improving the company's ability to serve markets in the U.S. Southwest and increasing capacities and flexibility at its two refineries. The paper describes these projects under the following headings: new products service; another new line; and refineries, crude pipelines; Three Rivers expansion and Supplies for McKee.
Probing nuclear expansion dynamics with $?^-/?^+$-spectra
S. Teis; W. Cassing; M. Effenberger; A. Hombach; U. Mosel; Gy. Wolf
1997-01-28
We study the dynamics of charged pions in the nuclear medium via the ratio of differential $\\pi^-$- and $\\pi^+$-spectra in a coupled-channel BUU (CBUU) approach. The relative energy shift of the charged pions is found to correlate with the pion freeze-out time in nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as with the impact parameter of the heavy-ion reaction. Furthermore, the long-range Coulomb force provides a 'clock' for the expansion of the hot nuclear system. Detailed comparisons with experimental data for $Au + Au$ at 1 GeV/A and $Ni + Ni$ at 2.0 GeV/A are presented.
Expansivity and Roquette Groups Alex Monnard
ThÃ©venaz, Jacques
T of G such that IndG NG(T) Inf NG(T) NG(T)/T Def NG(T) NG(T)/T ResG NG(T)(L) = L. This theorem proves) A subgroup T of a finite group G is called expansive in G if, for every g NG(T), the NG(T)-core of the subgroup g T NG(T) T contains properly T, where we note g T for gTg-1 . (iii) A finite group G is said
Stateline Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information
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Flat Ridge 2 Expansion | Open Energy Information
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Intrepid Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information
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Ocotillo Wind I Expansion | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork ElectricName01988)I Expansion Jump to:
Grid Expansion Planning for Carbon Emissions Reduction
Bent, Russell W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Toole, Gasper L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-18
There is a need to upgrade and expand electric power transmission and generation to meet specified renewable energy targets and simultaneously minimize construction cost and carbon emissions. Some challenges are: (1) Renewable energy sources have variable production capacity; (2) Deficiency of transmission capacity at desirable renewable generation locations; (3) Need to incorporate models of operations into planning studies; and (4) Prevent undesirable operational outcomes such as negative dispatch prices or curtailment of carbon neutral generation.
Ness, E.
1999-09-02
Distributed generation, locating electricity generators close to the point of consumption, provides some unique benefits to power companies and customers that are not available from centralized electricity generation. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is well suited to distributed applications and can, especially in concert with other distributed resources, provide a very close match to the customer demand for electricity, at a significantly lower cost than the alternatives. In addition to augmenting power from central-station generating plants, incorporating PV systems enables electric utilities to optimize the utilization of existing transmission and distribution.
Is Hubble's Expansion due to Dark Energy
R. C. Gupta; Anirudh Pradhan
2010-10-19
{\\it The universe is expanding} is known (through Galaxy observations) since 1929 through Hubble's discovery ($V = H D$). Recently in 1999, it is found (through Supernovae observations) that the universe is not simply expanding but is accelerating too. We, however, hardly know only $4\\%$ of the universe. The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite observational data suggest $73\\%$ content of the universe in the form of dark-energy, $23\\%$ in the form of non-baryonic dark-matter and the rest $4\\%$ in the form of the usual baryonic matter. The acceleration of the universe is ascribed to this dark-energy with bizarre properties (repulsive-gravity). The question is that whether Hubble's expansion is just due to the shock of big-bang & inflation or it is due to the repulsive-gravity of dark-energy? Now, it is believed to be due to dark-energy, say, by re-introducing the once-discarded cosmological-constant $\\Lambda$. In the present paper, it is shown that `the formula for acceleration due to dark-energy' is (almost) exactly of same-form as `the acceleration formula from the Hubble's law'. Hence, it is concluded that: yes, `indeed it is the dark-energy responsible for the Hubble's expansion too, in-addition to the current on-going acceleration of the universe'.
Fu, Yong
1620 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, JULY 2012 Hybrid AC/DC Transmission--This paper proposes a hybrid algorithm for the ac/dc transmission expansion planning (TEP). The stochastic simulation method would consider random outages of generating units and ac/dc transmission lines as well
Transcritical CO2 refrigeration cycle with ejector-expansion device Daqing Li, Eckhard A. Groll*
Bahrami, Majid
for the transcritical CO2 cycle. A vortex tube expansion device and an expansion work output device were proposed to recover the expansion losses. The maximum increase in COP using a vortex tube or expansion work output
Next Generation Radioisotope Generators | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Generators Next Generation Radioisotope Generators Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) - The ASRG is currently being developed as a high-efficiency RPS technology...
Thermal expansion recovery microscopy: Practical design considerations
Mingolo, N. Martínez, O. E.
2014-01-15
A detailed study of relevant parameters for the design and operation of a photothermal microscope technique recently introduced is presented. The technique, named thermal expansion recovery microscopy (ThERM) relies in the measurement of the defocusing introduced by a surface that expands and recovers upon the heating from a modulated source. A new two lens design is presented that can be easily adapted to commercial infinite conjugate microscopes and the sensitivity to misalignment is analyzed. The way to determine the beam size by means of a focus scan and the use of that same scan to verify if a thermoreflectance signal is overlapping with the desired ThERM mechanism are discussed. Finally, a method to cancel the thermoreflectance signal by an adequate choice of a nanometric coating is presented.
Prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of gravitational field
Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
2014-06-01
As a modification of the oblate spheroidal case, a recursive method is developed to compute the point value and a few low-order derivatives of the prolate spheroidal harmonics of the second kind, Q{sub nm} (y), namely the unnormalized associated Legendre function (ALF) of the second kind with its argument in the domain, 1 < y < ?. They are required in evaluating the prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of the gravitational field in addition to the point value and the low-order derivatives of P-bar {sub nm}(t), the 4? fully normalized ALF of the first kind with its argument in the domain, |t| ? 1. The new method will be useful in the gravitational field computation of elongated celestial objects.
Convergence of derivative expansions in scalar field theory
Tim R. Morris; John F. Tighe
2001-02-06
The convergence of the derivative expansion of the exact renormalisation group is investigated via the computation of the beta function of massless scalar lambda phi^4 theory. The derivative expansion of the Polchinski flow equation converges at one loop for certain fast falling smooth cutoffs. Convergence of the derivative expansion of the Legendre flow equation is trivial at one loop, but also can occur at two loops and in particular converges for an exponential cutoff.
Reconstruction from Radon projections and orthogonal expansion on a ball
Yuan Xu
2007-05-14
The relation between Radon transform and orthogonal expansions of a function on the unit ball in $\\RR^d$ is exploited. A compact formula for the partial sums of the expansion is given in terms of the Radon transform, which leads to algorithms for image reconstruction from Radon data. The relation between orthogonal expansion and the singular value decomposition of the Radon transform is also exploited.
High-expansion foam for LNG vapor mitigation. Topical report, September 1987-December 1989
Atallah, S.; Shah, J.N.; Peterlinz, M.E.
1990-05-01
One of the purposes of these high expansion foam systems is to reduce the extent of the hazardous vapor cloud generated during an accidental LNG release. Should the LNG ignite, these systems serve the additional function of controlling the LNG fire and minimizing its radiation to the surroundings. Foam generators have been installed along the tops of dike walls surrounding some LNG storage tanks, and around other fenced containment areas where LNG may be accidentally released, such as LNG pump pits and pipe rack trenches. To date there are no technically justifiable guidelines for the design and installation of these systems. Furthermore, there are no models that may be used describe the vapor source so as to be able to predict the reduction in the hazardous vapor cloud zone when high expansion foam is applied to an LNG spill. Information is essential not only for the optimal design of high expansion foam systems, but also for comparing the cost effectiveness of alternative LNG vapor mitigation measures.
Expansion and Improvement of Solar Water Heating Technology in...
Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: Expansion and Improvement of Solar Water Heating Technology in China Project Management Office Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China...
Load Expansion of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and Hydraulic Valve Actuation Load Expansion of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and Hydraulic Valve Actuation Presentation given at...
Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation arravt015eswise2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Expansion...
Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will...
FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and...
FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by...
Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection...
Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection and Maintenance Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Heat...
Sullivan, P.; Eurek, K.; Margolis, R.
2014-07-01
Because solar power is a rapidly growing component of the electricity system, robust representations of solar technologies should be included in capacity-expansion models. This is a challenge because modeling the electricity system--and, in particular, modeling solar integration within that system--is a complex endeavor. This report highlights the major challenges of incorporating solar technologies into capacity-expansion models and shows examples of how specific models address those challenges. These challenges include modeling non-dispatchable technologies, determining which solar technologies to model, choosing a spatial resolution, incorporating a solar resource assessment, and accounting for solar generation variability and uncertainty.
Yock, Adam D. [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas (United States); Garden, Adam S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Court, Laurence E. [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas (United States); Beadle, Beth M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Zhang, Lifei [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Dong, Lei, E-mail: dong.lei@scrippshealth.org [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas (United States)
2013-11-01
Purpose: The purpose of this work was to determine the expansions in 6 anatomic directions that produced optimal margins considering nonrigid setup errors and tissue deformation for patients receiving image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) of the oropharynx. Methods and Materials: For 20 patients who had received IGRT to the head and neck, we deformably registered each patient's daily images acquired with a computed tomography (CT)-on-rails system to his or her planning CT. By use of the resulting vector fields, the positions of volume elements within the clinical target volume (CTV) (target voxels) or within a 1-cm shell surrounding the CTV (normal tissue voxels) on the planning CT were identified on each daily CT. We generated a total of 15,625 margins by dilating the CTV by 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mm in the posterior, anterior, lateral, medial, inferior, and superior directions. The optimal margins were those that minimized the relative volume of normal tissue voxels positioned within the margin while satisfying 1 of 4 geometric target coverage criteria and 1 of 3 population criteria. Results: Each pair of geometric target coverage and population criteria resulted in a unique, anisotropic, optimal margin. The optimal margin expansions ranged in magnitude from 1 to 5 mm depending on the anatomic direction of the expansion and on the geometric target coverage and population criteria. Typically, the expansions were largest in the medial direction, were smallest in the lateral direction, and increased with the demand of the criteria. The anisotropic margin resulting from the optimal set of expansions always included less normal tissue than did any isotropic margin that satisfied the same pair of criteria. Conclusions: We demonstrated the potential of anisotropic margins to reduce normal tissue exposure without compromising target coverage in IGRT to the head and neck.
Representation of the Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model: Preprint
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-08-01
An important emerging issue is the estimation of renewables' contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly, effective load-carrying capacity (ELCC), are considered to be the most robust techniques for addressing this resource variability. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model and other long-term electricity capacity planning models require an approach to estimating CV for generalized PV and system configurations with low computational and data requirements. In this paper we validate treatment of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity value by ReEDS capacity expansion model by comparing model results to literature for a range of energy penetration levels. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons--despite not being resolved at an hourly scale.
An Analysis of Reshuffled Handshaking Expansions Rajit Manohar
Manohar, Rajit
Hardware Process (CHP) nota tion. This specification is then transformed into a number of CHP programs handshaking expansions by converting them back to CHP programs. This permits us to analyze the correct ness of reshuffled handshaking expansions at the CHP level, thus simplifying the analysis. We introduce a new compo
Asymptotic Expansions of Defective Renewal Equations with Applications to Perturbed
Blanchet, Jose H.
Asymptotic Expansions of Defective Renewal Equations with Applications to Perturbed Risk Models. These expansions are applied to the analysis of Processor Sharing queues and perturbed risk models, and yield Introduction A defective renewal equation for a function ap (·) takes the form ap (t) = bp (t) + (1 - p) [0,t
Climate impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion*
Climate impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion* Willow Hallgren, C. Adam Schlosser, Erwan impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion Willow Hallgren,1 C. Adam Schlosser,1 Erwan Monier,1 David March 2013. [1] A global biofuels program will potentially lead to intense pressures on land supply
Document Representation and Query Expansion Models for Blog Recommendation
Callan, Jamie
Document Representation and Query Expansion Models for Blog Recommendation Jaime Arguello document representation models and two query expansion models for the task of recommend- ing blogs to a user in response to a query. Blog relevance ranking differs from traditional document ranking in ad
ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable
Wei, Yehua Dennis
ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable development in Shanghai Wenze-Verlag 2012 Abstract Studies of urbanization effects in Chinese cities from the aspect of the coupled urban expansion and examined the dynamic relationship between economic growth and envi- ronment
Complete Mitochondrial Genomes Reveal Neolithic Expansion into Europe
Pääbo, Svante
Complete Mitochondrial Genomes Reveal Neolithic Expansion into Europe Qiaomei Fu1 *, Pavao Rudan2 in subsistence strategies during the Neolithic revolution in Europe. In order to test if a signal of population that the spread of agriculture in Europe involved the expansion of farming populations into Europe followed
OPEC production: Untapped reserves, world demand spur production expansion
Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))
1994-05-02
To meet projected world oil demand, almost all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have embarked on ambitious capacity expansion programs aimed at increasing oil production capabilities. These expansion programs are in both new and existing oil fields. In the latter case, the aim is either to maintain production or reduce the production decline rate. However, the recent price deterioration has led some major OPEC producers, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, to revise downward their capacity plans. Capital required for capacity expansion is considerable. Therefore, because the primary source of funds will come from within each OPEC country, a reasonably stable and relatively high oil price is required to obtain enough revenue for investing in upstream projects. This first in a series of two articles discusses the present OPEC capacity and planned expansion in the Middle East. The concluding part will cover the expansion plans in the remaining OPEC countries, capital requirements, and environmental concerns.
VanKuiken, J.C.; Veselka, T.D.; Guziel, K.A.; Blodgett, D.W.; Hamilton, S.; Kavicky, J.A.; Koritarov, V.S.; North, M.J.; Novickas, A.A.; Paprockas, K.R. [and others
1994-11-01
This report describes operating procedures and background documentation for the Argonne Production, Expansion, and Exchange Model for Electrical Systems (APEX). This modeling system was developed to provide the U.S. Department of Energy, Division of Fossil Energy, Office of Coal and Electricity with in-house capabilities for addressing policy options that affect electrical utilities. To meet this objective, Argonne National Laboratory developed a menu-driven programming package that enables the user to develop and conduct simulations of production costs, system reliability, spot market network flows, and optimal system capacity expansion. The APEX system consists of three basic simulation components, supported by various databases and data management software. The components include (1) the investigation of Costs and Reliability in Utility Systems (ICARUS) model, (2) the Spot Market Network (SMN) model, and (3) the Production and Capacity Expansion (PACE) model. The ICARUS model provides generating-unit-level production-cost and reliability simulations with explicit recognition of planned and unplanned outages. The SMN model addresses optimal network flows with recognition of marginal costs, wheeling charges, and transmission constraints. The PACE model determines long-term (e.g., longer than 10 years) capacity expansion schedules on the basis of candidate expansion technologies and load growth estimates. In addition, the Automated Data Assembly Package (ADAP) and case management features simplify user-input requirements. The ADAP, ICARUS, and SMN modules are described in detail. The PACE module is expected to be addressed in a future publication.
Local gravitational physics of the Hubble expansion
Sergei Kopeikin
2015-01-21
We study physical consequences of the Hubble expansion of FLRW manifold on measurement of space, time and light propagation in the local inertial frame. We analyse the solar system radar ranging and Doppler tracking experiments, and time synchronization. FLRW manifold is covered by global coordinates (t,y^i), where t is the cosmic time coinciding with the proper time of the Hubble observers. We introduce local inertial coordinates x^a=(x^0,x^i) in the vicinity of a world line of a Hubble observer with the help of a special conformal transformation. The local inertial metric is Minkowski flat and is materialized by the congruence of time-like geodesics of static observers being at rest with respect to the local spatial coordinates x^i. We consider geodesic motion of test particles and notice that the local coordinate time x^0=x^0(t) taken as a parameter along the world line of particle, is a function of the Hubble's observer time t. This function changes smoothly from x^0=t for a particle at rest (observer's clock), to x^0=t+1/2 Ht^2 for photons, where H is the Hubble constant. Thus, motion of a test particle is non-uniform when its world line is parametrized by time t. NASA JPL Orbit Determination Program presumes that motion of light (after the Shapiro delay is excluded) is uniform with respect to the time t but it does not comply with the non-uniform motion of light on cosmological manifold. For this reason, the motion of light in the solar system analysed with the Orbit Determination Program appears as having a systematic blue shift of frequency, of radio waves circulating in the Earth-spacecraft radio link. The magnitude of the anomalous blue shift of frequency is proportional to the Hubble constant H that may open an access to the measurement of this fundamental cosmological parameter in the solar system radiowave experiments.
Srinivasan-Rao, Triveni (Shoreham, NY)
2002-01-01
A photon generator includes an electron gun for emitting an electron beam, a laser for emitting a laser beam, and an interaction ring wherein the laser beam repetitively collides with the electron beam for emitting a high energy photon beam therefrom in the exemplary form of x-rays. The interaction ring is a closed loop, sized and configured for circulating the electron beam with a period substantially equal to the period of the laser beam pulses for effecting repetitive collisions.
Donchev, Todor I. (Urbana, IL); Petrov, Ivan G. (Champaign, IL)
2011-05-31
Described herein is an apparatus and a method for producing atom clusters based on a gas discharge within a hollow cathode. The hollow cathode includes one or more walls. The one or more walls define a sputtering chamber within the hollow cathode and include a material to be sputtered. A hollow anode is positioned at an end of the sputtering chamber, and atom clusters are formed when a gas discharge is generated between the hollow anode and the hollow cathode.
Foster, Jr., John S. (Pleasanton, CA); Wilson, James R. (Livermore, CA); McDonald, Jr., Charles A. (Danville, CA)
1983-01-01
1. In an electrical energy generator, the combination comprising a first elongated annular electrical current conductor having at least one bare surface extending longitudinally and facing radially inwards therein, a second elongated annular electrical current conductor disposed coaxially within said first conductor and having an outer bare surface area extending longitudinally and facing said bare surface of said first conductor, the contiguous coaxial areas of said first and second conductors defining an inductive element, means for applying an electrical current to at least one of said conductors for generating a magnetic field encompassing said inductive element, and explosive charge means disposed concentrically with respect to said conductors including at least the area of said inductive element, said explosive charge means including means disposed to initiate an explosive wave front in said explosive advancing longitudinally along said inductive element, said wave front being effective to progressively deform at least one of said conductors to bring said bare surfaces thereof into electrically conductive contact to progressively reduce the inductance of the inductive element defined by said conductors and transferring explosive energy to said magnetic field effective to generate an electrical potential between undeformed portions of said conductors ahead of said explosive wave front.
The derivative expansion approach to the interaction between close surfaces
C. D. Fosco; F. C. Lombardo; F. D. Mazzitelli
2014-06-18
The derivative expansion approach to the calculation of the interaction between two surfaces, is a generalization of the proximity force approximation, a technique of widespread use in different areas of physics. The derivative expansion has so far been applied to seemingly unrelated problems in different areas; it is our principal aim here to present the approach in its full generality. To that end, we introduce an unified setting, which is independent of any particular application, provide a formal derivation of the derivative expansion in that general setting, and study some its properties. With a view on the possible application of the derivative expansion to other areas, like nuclear and colloidal physics, we also discuss the relation between the derivative expansion and some time-honoured uncontrolled approximations used in those contexts. By putting them under similar terms as the derivative expansion, we believe that the path is open to the calculation of next to leading order corrections also for those contexts. We also review some results obtained within the derivative expansion, by applying it to different concrete examples and highlighting some important points.
Isentropic expansion of copper plasma in Mbar pressure range at “Luch” laser facility
Bel'kov, S. A.; Derkach, V. N.; Garanin, S. G.; Mitrofanov, E. I.; Voronich, I. N.; Fortov, V. E.; Levashov, P. R.; Minakov, D. V.
2014-01-21
We present experimental results on thermodynamic properties of dense copper plasma in Mbar pressure range. The laser facility “Luch” with laser intensity 10{sup 14}?W/cm{sup 2} is used to compress copper up to ?8?Mbar by a strong shock wave; subsequent expansion of copper plasma into Al, Ti, Sn allows us to obtain release isentropes of copper by the impedance–matching method. A theoretical analysis and quantum simulations show that in our experiments strongly coupled quantum plasma is generated.
Expansion of a cold non-neutral plasma slab
Karimov, A. R.; Yu, M. Y.; Stenflo, L.
2014-12-15
Expansion of the ion and electron fronts of a cold non-neutral plasma slab with a quasi-neutral core bounded by layers containing only ions is investigated analytically and exact solutions are obtained. It is found that on average, the plasma expansion time scales linearly with the initial inverse ion plasma frequency as well as the degree of charge imbalance, and no expansion occurs if the cold plasma slab is stationary and overall neutral. However, in both cases, there can exist prominent oscillations on the electron front.
Nuclear Fusion Drives Present-Day Accelerated Cosmic Expansion
Ying, Leong
2010-09-30
The widely accepted model of our cosmos is that it began from a Big Bang event some 13.7 billion years ago from a single point source. From a twin universe perspective, the standard stellar model of nuclear fusion can account for the Dark Energy needed to explain the mechanism for our present-day accelerated expansion. The same theories can also be used to account for the rapid inflationary expansion at the earliest time of creation, and predict the future cosmic expansion rate.
Generalized entropies and the expansion law of the universe
Fatemeh Lalehgani Dezaki; Behrouz Mirza
2015-07-04
We suggest that using the first law of thermodynamics is a convenient method to obtain a correct form of the expansion law of the universe \\cite{T. Padmanabhan1}. We will, then, use this idea to obtain the expansion law for a Kodama observer. By using the expansion law for a Kodama observer, we can obtain the dynamic equation of the FRW universe for deformed Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The use of the first law of thermodynamics also leads to a new approach for obtaining the Friedmann equations for f(R) and scalar tensor gravities.
N-heterocyclic carbene catalysis: expansion of
Ogle, James William
2009-05-15
Scheme 1.3. Feringa?s total synthesis of Lardolure????????????? 8 Scheme 1.4. Synthesis of some 1,2-dialkyl fragments???????????? 9 Scheme 1.5. Asymmetric hydrogenation of ?-trocotrienyl acetate by Pfaltz???. 12 Scheme 2.1. Monoene... electrophiles, which tended to give the 1,4-syn product as the predominant stereoisomer (Diagram 1.2). Also, his development and use of lithium ammonium borate (LAB) as a reducing agent for amides to alcohols gave a protocol to generate either stereocenter...
Electric Generation Expansion Analysis System a progress report on RPI 1529
Stone and Webster Engineering Corporation.
1980-01-01
The long and short term behavior of light water reactor stainless steel clad fuel has been investigated in order to establish more adequate or applicable operation/design criteria. The performance record of stainless steel ...
Definition, Expansion and Screening of Architectures for Planetary Exploration Class Nuclear, expansion and screening of Nuclear Electric Propulsion and Power concepts capable of achieving planetary left blank 2 #12;Definition, Expansion and Screening of Architectures for Planetary Exploration Class
Sai Venkata Ramana, A.
2014-04-21
The coupling parameter series expansion and the high temperature series expansion in the thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids are shown to be equivalent if the interaction potential is pairwise additive. As a consequence, for the class of fluids with the potential having a hardcore repulsion, if the hard-sphere fluid is chosen as reference system, the terms of coupling parameter series expansion for radial distribution function, direct correlation function, and Helmholtz free energy follow a scaling law with temperature. The scaling law is confirmed by application to square-well fluids.
Filtering with Marked Point Process Observations via Poisson Chaos Expansion
Sun Wei; Zeng Yong; Zhang Shu
2013-06-15
We study a general filtering problem with marked point process observations. The motivation comes from modeling financial ultra-high frequency data. First, we rigorously derive the unnormalized filtering equation with marked point process observations under mild assumptions, especially relaxing the bounded condition of stochastic intensity. Then, we derive the Poisson chaos expansion for the unnormalized filter. Based on the chaos expansion, we establish the uniqueness of solutions of the unnormalized filtering equation. Moreover, we derive the Poisson chaos expansion for the unnormalized filter density under additional conditions. To explore the computational advantage, we further construct a new consistent recursive numerical scheme based on the truncation of the chaos density expansion for a simple case. The new algorithm divides the computations into those containing solely system coefficients and those including the observations, and assign the former off-line.
Value of Options in Airport Expansion - Example of AICM
Morgado, Frederico
Investments decisions for airport capacity expansion are usually taken, either when demand exceeds the current capacity and the airport is working under congestion, or when current demand is expected to overcome current ...
Seal assembly for materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion
Minford, Eric (Laurys Station, PA)
2009-09-01
Seal assembly comprising (a) two or more seal elements, each element having having a coefficient of thermal expansion; and (b) a clamping element having a first segment, a second segment, and a connecting segment between and attached to the first and second segments, wherein the two or more seal elements are disposed between the first and second segments of the clamping element. The connecting segment has a central portion extending between the first segment of the clamping element and the second segment of the clamping element, and the connecting segment is made of a material having a coefficient of thermal expansion. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the material of the connecting segment is intermediate the largest and smallest of the coefficients of thermal expansion of the materials of the two or more seal elements.
Direct Expansion Air Conditioning System Selection for Hot & Humid Climates
Browning, B. K.
2002-01-01
This paper discusses some of the difficulties of selecting direct expansion (DX) air conditioning systems to dehumidify conditioned spaces in hot & humid climates. It is a common opinion among designers that concerns of humidity control are best...
Expansion Joint Concepts for High Temperature Insulation Systems
Harrison, M. R.
1980-01-01
As high temperature steam and process piping expands with heat, joints begin to open between the insulation sections, resulting in increased energy loss and possible unsafe surface temperatures. Many different expansion joint designs are presently...
Pseudodynamic planning for expansion of power distribution sytems
Ramirez-Rosado, I.J. ); Gonen, T. )
1991-02-01
This paper presents basic and extended planning models, based on a pseudodynamic methodology, to solve the global expansion problem (sizing, locating, and timing) of distribution substations and feeders throughout the planning time period. The objective functions, that represent the expansion costs, are minimized by successive concatenated optimizations subject to the Kirchhoff's current law, power capacity limits and logical constraints, in the basic model. It also presents an extended model that is obtained by including the voltage drop constraints in the basic model.
Thermal expansion within a chain of magnetic colloidal particles
D. Lacoste; C. Brangbour; J. Bibette; J. Baudry
2009-06-19
We study the thermal expansion of chains formed by self-assembly of magnetic colloidal particles in a magnetic field. Using video-microscopy, complete positional data of all the particles of the chains is obtained. By changing the ionic strength of the solution and the applied magnetic field, the interaction potential can be tuned. We analyze the thermal expansion of the chain using a simple model of a one dimensional anharmonic crystal of finite size.
Differential expansion of space and the Hubble flow anisotropy
Krzysztof Bolejko; M. Ahsan Nazer; David L. Wiltshire
2015-12-24
The Universe on scales $10-100~h^{-1}$ Mpc is dominated by a cosmic web of voids, filaments, sheets and knots of galaxy clusters. These structures participate differently in the global expansion of the Universe: from non-expanding clusters to the above average expansion rate of voids. In this paper we characterize Hubble expansion anisotropies in the COMPOSITE sample of 4534 galaxies and clusters. We concentrate on the dipole and quadrupole in the rest frame of the Local Group. These both have statistically significant amplitudes. These anisotropies, and their redshift dependence, cannot be explained solely by a boost of the Local Group in the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) model which expands isotropically in the rest frame of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. We simulate the local expansion of the Universe with inhomogeneous Szekeres models, which match the standard FLRW model on $> 100~ h^{-1}$ Mpc scales but exhibit nonkinematic differential expansion on small scales. We restrict models to be consistent with observed CMB temperature anisotropies, while simultaneously fitting the redshift variation of the Hubble expansion dipole. We include features to account for both the Local Void and the "Great Attractor". While this naturally accounts for the Hubble expansion and CMB dipoles, the simulated quadrupoles are smaller than observed. Further refinement to incorporate additional structures may improve this. This would enable a test of the hypothesis that some large angle CMB anomalies result from failing to treat the differential expansion of space; a natural feature of Einstein's equations not included in the current standard model of cosmology.
Differential expansion of space and the Hubble flow anisotropy
Krzysztof Bolejko; M. Ahsan Nazer; David L. Wiltshire
2015-12-23
The Universe on scales $10-100~h^{-1}$ Mpc is dominated by a cosmic web of voids, filaments, sheets and knots of galaxy clusters. These structures participate differently in the global expansion of the Universe: from non-expanding clusters to the above average expansion rate of voids. In this paper we characterize Hubble expansion anisotropies in the COMPOSITE sample of 4534 galaxies and clusters. We concentrate on the dipole and quadrupole in the rest frame of the Local Group. These both have statistically significant amplitudes. These anisotropies, and their redshift dependence, cannot be explained solely by a boost of the Local Group in the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) model which expands isotropically in the rest frame of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. We simulate the local expansion of the Universe with inhomogeneous Szekeres models, which match the standard FLRW model on $> 100~ h^{-1}$ Mpc scales but exhibit nonkinematic differential expansion on small scales. We restrict models to be consistent with observed CMB temperature anisotropies, while simultaneously fitting the redshift variation of the Hubble expansion dipole. We include features to account for both the Local Void and the "Great Attractor". While this naturally accounts for the Hubble expansion and CMB dipoles, the simulated quadrupoles are smaller than observed. Further refinement to incorporate additional structures may improve this. This would enable a test of the hypothesis that some large angle CMB anomalies result from failing to treat the differential expansion of space; a natural feature of Einstein's equations not included in the current standard model of cosmology.
Cryogenic Thermal Expansion of Y-12 Graphite Fuel Elements
Eash, D. T.
2013-07-08
Thermal expansion measurements betwccn 20°K and 300°K were made on segments of three uranium-loaded Y-12 uncoated graphite fuel elements. The thermal expansion of these fuel elements over this temperature range is represented by the equation: {Delta}L/L = -39.42 x 10{sup -5} + 1.10 x 10{sup -7} T + 6.47 x 10{sup -9} T{sup 2} - 8.30 x 10{sup -12} T{sup 3}.
Nuclear incompressibility: An analytical study on leptodermous expansion
V. S. Uma Maheswari; V. S. Ramamurthy; L. Satpathy
1995-05-22
A comparative study of the liquid-drop model (LDM) type expansions of energy $E$ and compression modulus $K_A$ is made within the energy density formalism using Skyrme interactions. As compared to the energy expansion, it is found that, in the pure bulk mode of density vibration, the LDM expansion of $K_A$ shows an anomalous convergence behaviour due to {\\it pair \\ effect}. A least squares fit analysis is done to estimate the minimum error, one would expect even with synthetic data due to the inherent nature of the LDM expansion of $K_A$ as well as the narrow range of accessible mass number $A$, in the values of the various coefficients. The dependence of the higher-order coefficients like curvature and Gauss curvature on the coupling $\\beta_c$ between the bulk and surface parts of the monopole vibrations is analytically studied. It is shown that the $K_A -$ expansion including the dynamical effect ( $A-$ dependence of $\\beta_c$ ) shows an `up-turn' behaviour below mass number about 120, suggesting the inapplicability of the LDM expansion of $K_A$ over this mass region.
Anomalous expansion of the copper-apical-oxygen distance in supercondu...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Journal Article: Anomalous expansion of the copper-apical-oxygen distance in superconducting cuprate bilayers Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Anomalous expansion of the...
The Political History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Across the West
Forbis, Robert E.
2014-01-01
Political History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion AcrossPolitical History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Acrosss use of the hydraulic fracturing development process.
The Political History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Across the West
Forbis, Robert E.
2014-01-01
History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Across The WestHistory of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Across the Westuse of the hydraulic fracturing development process. First,
The Role of Demand Resources In Regional Transmission Expansion Planning and Reliable Operations
Kirby, Brendan J
2006-07-01
Investigating the role of demand resources in regional transmission planning has provided mixed results. On one hand there are only a few projects where demand response has been used as an explicit alternative to transmission enhancement. On the other hand there is a fair amount of demand response in the form of energy efficiency, peak reduction, emergency load shedding, and (recently) demand providing ancillary services. All of this demand response reduces the need for transmission enhancements. Demand response capability is typically (but not always) factored into transmission planning as a reduction in the load which must be served. In that sense demand response is utilized as an alternative to transmission expansion. Much more demand response is used (involuntarily) as load shedding under extreme conditions to prevent cascading blackouts. The amount of additional transmission and generation that would be required to provide the current level of reliability if load shedding were not available is difficult to imagine and would be impractical to build. In a very real sense demand response solutions are equitably treated in every region - when proposed, demand response projects are evaluated against existing reliability and economic criteria. The regional councils, RTOs, and ISOs identify needs. Others propose transmission, generation, or responsive load based solutions. Few demand response projects get included in transmission enhancement plans because few are proposed. But this is only part of the story. Several factors are responsible for the current very low use of demand response as a transmission enhancement alternative. First, while the generation, transmission, and load business sectors each deal with essentially the same amount of electric power, generation and transmission companies are explicitly in the electric power business but electricity is not the primary business focus of most loads. This changes the institutional focus of each sector. Second, market and reliability rules have, understandably, been written around the capabilities and limitations of generators, the historic reliability resources. Responsive load limitations and capabilities are often not accommodated in markets or reliability criteria. Third, because of the institutional structure, demand response alternatives are treated as temporary solutions that can delay but not replace transmission enhancement. Financing has to be based on a three to five year project life as opposed to the twenty to fifty year life of transmission facilities. More can be done to integrate demand response options into transmission expansion planning. Given the societal benefits it may be appropriate for independent transmission planning organizations to take a more proactive role in drawing demand response alternatives into the resource mix. Existing demand response programs provide a technical basis to build from. Regulatory and market obstacles will have to be overcome if demand response alternatives are to be routinely considered in transmission expansion planning.
Farid, N.; Harilal, S. S. Hassanein, A.; Ding, H.
2014-01-21
The influence of ambient pressure on the spectral emission features and expansion dynamics of a plasma plume generated on a metal target has been investigated. The plasma plumes were generated by irradiating Cu targets using 6?ns, 1064?nm pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. The emission and expansion dynamics of the plasma plumes were studied by varying air ambient pressure levels ranging from vacuum to atmospheric pressure. The ambient pressure levels were found to affect both the line intensities and broadening along with the signal to background and signal to noise ratios and the optimum pressure conditions for analytical applications were evaluated. The characteristic plume parameters were estimated using emission spectroscopy means and noticed that the excitation temperature peaked ?300?Torr, while the electron density showed a maximum ?100?Torr. Fast-gated images showed a complex interaction between the plume and background air leading to changes in the plume geometry with pressure as well as time. Surface morphology of irradiated surface showed that the pressure of the ambient gas affects the laser-target coupling significantly.
Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostas
2015-04-01
We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standardmore »operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.« less
Accelerated expansion of the universe à la the Stueckelberg mechanism
Akarsu, Özgür; Ar?k, Metin; Kat?rc?, Nihan; Kavuk, Mehmet E-mail: metin.arik@boun.edu.tr E-mail: mehmet.kavuk@boun.edu.tr
2014-07-01
We investigate a cosmological model in which the Stueckelberg fields are non-minimally coupled to the scalar curvature in a gauge invariant manner. We present not only a solution that can be considered in the context of the late time acceleration of the universe but also a solution compatible with the inflationary cosmology. Distinct behaviors of the scalar and vector fields together with the real valued mass gained by the Stueckelberg mechanism lead the universe to go through the two different accelerated expansion phases with a decelerated expansion phase between them. On the other hand, in the solutions we present, if the mass is null then the universe is either static or exhibits a simple power law expansion due to the vector field potential.
Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Monahan, Christopher J. [College of William & Mary; Orginos, Kostas [William and Mary College, JLAB
2015-04-01
We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standard operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.
Small Winding-Number Expansion: Vortex Solutions at Critical Coupling
Keisuke Ohashi
2015-07-22
We study an axially symmetric solution of a vortex in the Abelian-Higgs model at critical coupling in detail. Here we propose a new idea for a perturbative expansion of a solution, where the winding number of a vortex is naturally extended to be a real number and the solution is expanded with respect to it around its origin. We test this idea on three typical constants contained in the solution and confirm that this expansion works well with the help of the Pad\\'e approximation. For instance, we analytically reproduce the value of the scalar charge of the vortex with an error of $O(10^{-6})$. This expansion is also powerful even for large winding numbers.
Small Winding-Number Expansion: Vortex Solutions at Critical Coupling
Keisuke Ohashi
2015-09-01
We study an axially symmetric solution of a vortex in the Abelian-Higgs model at critical coupling in detail. Here we propose a new idea for a perturbative expansion of a solution, where the winding number of a vortex is naturally extended to be a real number and the solution is expanded with respect to it around its origin. We test this idea on three typical constants contained in the solution and confirm that this expansion works well with the help of the Pad\\'e approximation. For instance, we analytically reproduce the value of the scalar charge of the vortex with an error of $O(10^{-6})$. This expansion is also powerful even for large winding numbers.
Small Winding-Number Expansion: Vortex Solutions at Critical Coupling
Ohashi, Keisuke
2015-01-01
We study an axially symmetric solution of a vortex in the Abelian-Higgs model at critical coupling in detail. Here we propose a new idea for a perturbative expansion of a solution, where the winding number of a vortex is naturally extended to be a real number and the solution is expanded with respect to it around its origin. We test this idea on three typical constants contained in the solution and confirm that this expansion works well with the help of the Pad\\'e approximation. For instance, we analytically reproduce the value of the scalar charge of the vortex with an error of $O(10^{-6})$. This expansion is also powerful even for large winding numbers.
Self-similar expansion of a warm dense plasma
Djebli, Mourad [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)] [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria); Moslem, Waleed M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)
2013-07-15
The properties of an expanding plasma composed of degenerate electron fluid and non-degenerate ions are studied. For our purposes, we use fluid equations for ions together with the electron momentum equation that include quantum forces (e.g., the quantum statistical pressure, forces due to the electron-exchange and electron correlations effects) and the quasi-neutrality condition. The governing equation is written in a tractable form by using a self-similar transformation. Numerical results for typical beryllium plasma parameters revealed that, during the expansion, the ion acoustic speed decreases for both isothermal and adiabatic ion pressure. When compared with classical hydrodynamic plasma expansion model, the electrons and ions are found to initially escape faster in vacuum creating thus an intense electric field that accelerates most of the particles into the vacuum ahead of the plasma expansion. The relevancy of the present model to beryllium plasma produced by a femto-second laser is highlighted.
Tabors, Richard D.
1991-01-01
The object of this paper is to identify strategies for the U.S. electric utility industry for reduction of both acid rain producing and global warming gases. The research used the EPRI Electric Generation Expansion Analysis ...
Multi-Scale Gradient Expansion of the Turbulent Stress Tensor
Gregory L. Eyink
2005-12-10
We develop an expansion of the turbulent stress tensor into a double series of contributions from different scales of motion and different orders of space-derivatives of velocity, a Multi-Scale Gradient (MSG) expansion. The expansion is proved to converge to the exact stress, as a consequence of the locality of cascade both in scale and in space. Simple estimates show, however, that the convergence rate may be slow for the expansion in spatial gradients of very small scales. Therefore, we develop an approximate expansion, based upon an assumption that similar or `coherent' contributions to turbulent stress are obtained from disjoint subgrid regions. This Coherent-Subregions Approximation (CSA) yields an MSG expansion that can be proved to converge rapidly at all scales and is hopefully still reasonably accurate. As an application, we consider the cascades of energy and helicity in three-dimensional turbulence. To first order in velocity-gradients, the stress has three contributions: a tensile stress along principal directions of strain, a contractile stress along vortex lines, and a shear stress proportional to `skew-strain.' While vortex-stretching plays the major role in energy cascade, there is a second, less scale-local contribution from `skew-strain'. For helicity cascade the situation is reversed, and it arises scale-locally from `skew-strain' while the stress along vortex-lines gives a secondary, less scale-local contribution. These conclusions are illustrated with simple exact solutions of 3D Euler equations. In the first, energy cascade occurs by Taylor's mechanism of stretching and spin-up of small-scale vortices due to large-scale strain. In the second, helicity cascade occurs by `twisting' of small-scale vortex filaments due to a large-scale screw.
Cosmic expansion histories in massive bigravity with symmetric matter coupling
Enander, Jonas; Mörtsell, Edvard [Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Solomon, Adam R. [DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Rd., Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Akrami, Yashar, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: yashar.akrami@astro.uio.no, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)
2015-01-01
We study the cosmic expansion history of massive bigravity with a viable matter coupling which treats both metrics on equal footing. We derive the Friedmann equation for the effective metric through which matter couples to the two metrics, and study its solutions. For certain parameter choices, the background cosmology is identical to that of ?CDM. More general parameters yield dynamical dark energy, which can still be in agreement with observations of the expansion history. We study specific parameter choices of interest, including minimal models, maximally-symmetric models, and a candidate partially-massless theory.
Study of the derivative expansions for the nuclear structure functions
I. Ruiz Simo; M. J. Vicente Vacas
2008-07-31
We study the convergence of the series expansions sometimes used in the analysis of the nuclear effects in Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) proccesses induced by leptons. The recent advances in statistics and quality of the data, in particular for neutrinos calls for a good control of the theoretical uncertainties of the models used in the analysis. Using realistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations, we find that the convergence of the derivative expansions to the full results is poor except at very low values of $x$.
Non-minimal Kinetic coupling to gravity and accelerated expansion
Granda, L.N.
2010-07-01
We study a scalar field with kinetic term coupled to itself and to the curvature, as a source of dark energy, and analyze the role of this new coupling in the accelerated expansion at large times. In the case of scalar field dominance, the scalar field and potential giving rise to power-law expansion are found in some cases, and a dynamical equation of state is calculated for a given solution of the field equations. A behavior very close to that of the cosmological constant was found.
Static properties of nuclear matter within the Boson Loop Expansion
W. M. Alberico; R. Cenni; G. Garbarino; M. R. Quaglia
2007-10-24
The use of the Boson Loop Expansion is proposed for investigating the static properties of nuclear matter. We explicitly consider a schematic dynamical model in which nucleons interact with the scalar-isoscalar sigma meson. The suggested approximation scheme is examined in detail at the mean field level and at the one- and two-loop orders. The relevant formulas are provided to derive the binding energy per nucleon, the pressure and the compressibility of nuclear matter. Numerical results of the binding energy at the one-loop order are presented for Walecka's sigma-omega model in order to discuss the degree of convergence of the Boson Loop Expansion.
Derivative expansion at small mass for the spinor effective action
Dunne, Gerald V.; Huet, Adolfo; Hur, Jin; Min, Hyunsoo
2011-05-15
We study the small-mass limit of the one-loop spinor effective action, comparing the derivative expansion approximation with exact numerical results that are obtained from an extension to spinor theories of the partial-wave cutoff method. In this approach, one can compute numerically the renormalized one-loop effective action for radially separable gauge field background fields in spinor QED. We highlight an important difference between the small-mass limit of the derivative expansion for spinor and scalar theories.
The power-law expansion universe and dark energy evolution
Yi-Huan Wei
2005-02-03
In order to depict the transition from deceleration to acceleration expansion of the universe we use a power-law expansion scale factor, $a\\sim t^{n_0+bt^m}$, with $n_0$, $b$ and $m$ three parameters determined by $H_0$, $q_0$ and $z_T$. For the spatially flat, isotropic and homogeneous universe, such a scale factor leads to the results that the dark energy density is slowly changing currently, and predicts the equation of state $w_X$ changes from $w_X>-1$ to $w_X<-1$.
Expansion of a spherical dust gas -- the cosmological conundrum
Müller, Ingo
2015-01-01
The universe is viewed as a dust gas filling a sphere and floating in infinite empty space. Einstein's gravitational equations are applied to this case together with appropriate boundary values. The equations are solved for initial conditions chosen so as to describe the observed Hubble diagram. We find that the solution is not unique so that more astronomical observations are needed. However, those solutions which were found do not exhibit an accelerated expansion of the universe, nor -- obviously then -- do they need the notion of a dark energy driving such an expansion. We present this study as an alternative to the prevailing Robertson-Walker cosmology.
Generators, Recursion, and Fractals 1 Generators
Verschelde, Jan
Generators, Recursion, and Fractals 1 Generators computing a list of Fibonacci numbers defining a generator with yield putting yield in the function fib 2 Recursive Functions computing factorials, 24 April 2015 Intro to Computer Science (MCS 260) generators and recursion L-41 24 April 2015 1 / 36
Gleeson, Joseph G.
Clean Energy Alliance Expansion Continues http://www.mmdnewswire.com/pdf-86054/clean-energy-alliance-expansion-continues.pdf[2/3/2012 12:13:14 PM] Clean Energy Alliance Expansion Continues UCSD and Chicago Members Expand CEA's Geographic Reach Golden, CO (MMD Newswire) February 1, 2012 -- Clean Energy Alliance, Inc. (CEA
Managing High-Tech Capacity Expansion Via Reservation Contracts
Wu, David
1 Managing High-Tech Capacity Expansion Via Reservation Contracts Murat Erkoc S. David Wuñ, Bethlehem, PA 18015 merkoc@miami.edu david.wu@lehigh.eduñ We study capacity reservation contracts in high-tech lead time. We conclude the paper by summarizing insights useful for high-tech capacity management. 1
Disaggregated Memory for Expansion and Sharing in Blade Servers
Wenisch, Thomas F.
1 Disaggregated Memory for Expansion and Sharing in Blade Servers Kevin Lim*, Jichuan Chang-memory co-location on a single system and details the design of a new general-purpose architectural building block--a memory blade--that allows memory to be "disaggregated" across a system ensemble. This remote
Long wave expansions for water waves over random topography
Craig, Walter
Long wave expansions for water waves over random topography Anne de Bouard1 , Walter Craig2 interacting with the random bottom. We show that the resulting influence of the random topography is expressed numbers: 76B15, 35Q53, 76M50, 60F17 Keywords :Water waves, random topography, long wave asymptotics #12
LONG WAVE EXPANSIONS FOR WATER WAVES OVER RANDOM TOPOGRAPHY
LONG WAVE EXPANSIONS FOR WATER WAVES OVER RANDOM TOPOGRAPHY ANNE DE BOUARD 1 , WALTER CRAIG 2 with the ran dom bottom. We show that the resulting influence of the random topography is expressed in terms of bottom topography a#ects the equations describing the limit of solutions in the long wave regime. We
Zone Determinant Expansions for Nuclear Lattice Simulations Dean J. Lee
Zone Determinant Expansions for Nuclear Lattice Simulations Dean J. Lee #3; Department of Physics simulations of #12;nite temperature nuclear matter on the lattice. We introduce a new approximation to nucleon parameter. PACS numbers: 21.65.+f, 21.30.-x, 02.70.-c Keywords: nuclear, matter, simulation, lattice
Zone determinant expansions for nuclear lattice simulations Dean J. Lee*
Ipsen, Ilse
Zone determinant expansions for nuclear lattice simulations Dean J. Lee* Department of Physics simulations of finite temperature nuclear matter on the lattice. We introduce a new approximation to nucleon quantum simulations of nuclear matter on the lattice. In particular, we address the problem of calculating
Modeling and Simulation of EP Plasma Plume Expansion into Vacuum
Carlos III de Madrid, Universidad
Modeling and Simulation of EP Plasma Plume Expansion into Vacuum F. Cichocki, M. Merino and E of characteristics. Lastly, the development plans for an advanced Hybrid/PIC plasma plume simulator, EP2-Plus, are presented. Nomenclature cs Plasma sonic velocity e Electron charge h Self-similarity function of the SSM
Technology Transfer Expansion Planned UTCA is conducting a major project
Carver, Jeffrey C.
Technology Transfer Expansion Planned UTCA is conducting a major project to evaluate and extend its technology transfer activities (UTCA project 03217). Steven Jones and David Eckhoff of UAB are working to expand the current technology transfer program to showcase the successes of the UTCA projects. Samples
Bipolar expansions and overlap corrections to the electrostatic interaction energy
G. Vaman
2015-06-10
We use the multipole technique to derive four equivalent expressions for the bipolar expansion of the inverse distance, valid in all the regions of configuration space. Using the first-order perturbation theory, we calculate the overlap correction to the long-range electrostatic energy between two hydrogen atoms and between a hydrogen atom and a proton.
YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF
YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF AN EXISTING FACILITY INITIAL STUDY-11-601) to expand an existing biofuels production facility (Yokayo Biofuels, Inc.) located at 350 Orr: THE PROPOSED PROJECT: Yokayo Biofuels, Inc. is an existing biofuels facility located at 350 Orr Springs Road
Rapid deglacial and early Holocene expansion of peatlands in Alaska
Yu, Zicheng
of the Holocene. Similar rapid peatland expansion occurred in West Siberia during the Holocene thermal maximum (HTM). Our results suggest that high summer temperature and strong season- ality during the HTM of these peatlands to the pre-Holocene increase in atmospheric methane concentrations. climate seasonality | Holocene
Chaos expansion of local time of fractional Brownian motions
Hu, Yaozhong; Oksendal, B.
2002-07-01
We find the chaos expansion of local time l(T)((H))(x, (.)) of fractional Brownian motion with Hurst coefficient H is an element of (0, 1) at a point x is an element of R-d. As an application we show that when H(0)d < 1 then l...
Analog of the Peter-Weyl Expansion for Lorentz Group
Perlov, Leonid
2015-01-01
The expansion of a square integrable function on $SL(2,C)$ into the sum of the principal series matrix coefficients with the specially selected representation parameters was recently used in the Loop Quantum Gravity in C. Rovelli and F. Vidotto's book. In this paper we prove that the sum used originally in the Loop Quantum Gravity: $\\sum\\limits_{j=0}^{\\infty}\\sum\\limits_{|m| \\le j}\\sum\\limits_{|n| \\le j} D^{(j, \\tau j)}_{jm, jn}(g)$, where $ j, m, n \\in Z, \\tau \\in C$ is convergent to a function on $SL(2,C)$, however the limit is not a square integrable function therefore such sums can not be used for the Peter-Weyl like expansion. We propose the alternative expansion and prove that for each fixed m: $\\sum\\limits_{j=m}^{\\infty}D^{(j, \\tau j)}_{jm, jm}(g)$ is convergent and that the limit is a square integrable function on $SL(2,C)$. We then prove the analog of the Peter-Weyl expansion: any $\\psi(g) \\in L_2(SL(2,C))$ can be decomposed into the sum: $\\psi(g) = \\sum\\limits_{j=m}^\\infty j^2 (1+ \\tau^2) c_{jmm} D^...
routing, Internet, BGP Internet Expansion, Refinement and Churn
California at San Diego, University of
routing, Internet, BGP Internet Expansion, Refinement and Churn ANDRE BROIDO, EVI NEMETH, KC CLAFFY measures reflect contributions of opposite sign, and that true measure of variation, or churn, is the sum a standalone prefix to a root prefix) are instances of routing system churn. One advantage of using our notion
routing, Internet, BGP Internet Expansion, Refinement and Churn
California at San Diego, University of
routing, Internet, BGP Internet Expansion, Refinement and Churn ANDRE BROIDO, EVI NEMETH, KC CLAFFY contributions of opposite sign, and that true measure of variation, or churn, is the sum of their absolute a standalone prefix to a root prefix) are instances of routing system churn. One advantage of using our notion
The effective pyroelectric and thermal expansion coefficients of ferroelectric ceramics
Li, Jiangyu
The effective pyroelectric and thermal expansion coefficients of ferroelectric ceramics JiangYu Li ceramics in terms of their microstructural information. The overall behaviors of ferroelectric ceramics be induced in an originally isotropic, thus non-pyroelectric ceramic composed of randomly oriented
Testing of Expansive Clays in a Centrifuge Permeameter
Zornberg, Jorge G.
Testing of Expansive Clays in a Centrifuge Permeameter M. D. Plaisted & J. G. Zornberg with the objective of characterizing the swelling of highly plastic clays using a centrifuge permeameter. The new. This study, conducted using a comparatively simple, non- instrumented centrifuge device complements ongo- ing
Transmission investment and expansion planning in a restructured electricity market
Leung, Ka-Cheong
Transmission investment and expansion planning in a restructured electricity market F.F Wua,b , F.L. Zhengb,c , F.S. Wena,b, * a Center for Electrical Energy Systems, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Guangzhou, 510640, China Abstract Transmission planning in a restructured electricity market becomes
Understanding and Managing Generation Y
Wallace, Kevin
2007-12-14
There are four generations in the workplace today; they consist of the Silent Generation, Baby Boom Generation, Generation X, and Generation Y. Generation Y, being the newest generation, is the least understood generation although marketers...
Rotary gas expander for energy recovery from natural gas expansion. Final report
Not Available
1981-12-15
The specific purpose of this project was to develop a positive-displacement rotary expansion device (based on the Wankel Engine principle) and demonstrate that it could be used as an economical alternative to sophisticated turboexpanders for low gas flow and small pressure differential stations. The positive-displacement rotary expander would operate at much lower speeds than conventional turboexpanders. It would therefore be more efficient at lower pressure differentials and gas flows, and could cost significantly less because inefficient and costly gear-reduction equipment would not be required. Another purpose of this project was to develop a fail safe control system for operation in hazardous atmospheres. Design considerations for the rotary gas expander and the control system are discussed. A projection is made of the electrical generation potential and the economics of recovering the energy present in the high temperature gas. (MCW)
Viscosity of the QGP from a virial expansion
Mattiello, S.
2012-06-15
In this work we calculate the shear viscosity {eta} in the quark-gluon plasma within a virial expansion approach with particular interest in the ratio of {eta} to the entropy density s, i.e. {eta}/s. We derive a realistic equation of state using a virial expansion approach which allows us to include the interactions between the partons in the deconfined phase. From the interaction we directly extract the effective coupling {alpha}{sub V} for the determination of {eta}. Our results for {eta}/s show a minimum near to T{sub c} very close with the lowest bound and, furthermore, in line with the experimental point from RHIC as well as with the lattice calculations.
A Low Temperature Expansion for Matrix Quantum Mechanics
Ying-Hsuan Lin; Shu-Heng Shao; Yifan Wang; Xi Yin
2013-04-08
We analyze solutions to loop-truncated Schwinger-Dyson equations in massless N=2 and N=4 Wess-Zumino matrix quantum mechanics at finite temperature, where conventional perturbation theory breaks down due to IR divergences. We find a rather intricate low temperature expansion that involves fractional power scaling in the temperature, based on a consistent "soft collinear" approximation. We conjecture that at least in the N=4 matrix quantum mechanics, such scaling behavior holds to all perturbative orders in the 1/N expansion. We discuss some preliminary results in analyzing the gauged supersymmetric quantum mechanics using Schwinger-Dyson equations, and comment on the connection to metastable microstates of black holes in the holographic dual of BFSS matrix quantum mechanics.
Experiences using DAKOTA stochastic expansion methods in computational simulations.
Templeton, Jeremy Alan; Ruthruff, Joseph R.
2012-01-01
Uncertainty quantification (UQ) methods bring rigorous statistical connections to the analysis of computational and experiment data, and provide a basis for probabilistically assessing margins associated with safety and reliability. The DAKOTA toolkit developed at Sandia National Laboratories implements a number of UQ methods, which are being increasingly adopted by modeling and simulation teams to facilitate these analyses. This report disseminates results as to the performance of DAKOTA's stochastic expansion methods for UQ on a representative application. Our results provide a number of insights that may be of interest to future users of these methods, including the behavior of the methods in estimating responses at varying probability levels, and the expansion levels for the methodologies that may be needed to achieve convergence.
ForPeerReview Cavity expansion in cross anisotropic rock
Wagner, Peter
for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics Manuscript ID: NAG-10-0026.R1 Wiley - Manuscript type in Geomechanics #12;ForPeerReview Only Cavity expansion in cross-anisotropic rock Dimitrios Kolymbas Peter Wagner://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/nag International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Accelerating cosmological expansion from shear and bulk viscosity
Stefan Floerchinger; Nikolaos Tetradis; Urs Achim Wiedemann
2015-03-10
The dissipation of energy from local velocity perturbations in the cosmological fluid affects the time evolution of spatially averaged fluid dynamic fields and the cosmological solution of Einstein's field equations. We show how this backreaction effect depends on shear and bulk viscosity and other material properties of the dark sector, as well as the spectrum of perturbations. If sufficiently large, this effect could account for the acceleration of the cosmological expansion.
Adiabatic expansion and magnetic fields in AGN jets
A. B. Pushkarev; Y. Y. Kovalev; A. P. Lobanov
2008-12-25
Results of high-resolution simultaneous multi-frequency 8.1-15.4 GHz VLBA polarimetric observations of relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei (the MOJAVE-2 project) are analyzed. We compare characteristics of VLBI features with jet model predictions and test if adiabatic expansion is a dominating mechanism for the evolution of relativistic shocks in parsec-scale AGN jets. We also discuss magnetic field configuration, both predicted by the model and deduced from electric vector position angle measurements.
Thermal expansion of the earth and the speed of neutrinos
C. S. Unnikrishnan
2011-10-04
It is pointed out that one of the systematic effects that can affect the measurement of the speed of neutrinos significantly is the variability of the unaveraged measurement of the distance between two points on the earth due to thermal expansion. Possible difference between estimates done with surface GPS apparatus and the true underground baseline can change substantially the statistical significance of the result of superluminal speed of neutrinos, reported recently.
Transverse radial expansion in nuclear collisions and two particle correlations
Sergei A. Voloshin
2005-11-21
At the very first stage of an ultra-relativistic nucleus-nucleus collision new particles are produced in individual nucleon-nucleon collisions. In the transverse plane, all particles from a single $NN$ collision are initially located at the same position. The subsequent thermalization and transverse radial expansion of the system create strong position-momentum correlations and lead to characteristic rapidity, transverse momentum, and azimuthal correlations among the produced particles.
Fast expansions and compressions of trapped-ion chains
M. Palmero; S. Martínez-Garaot; J. Alonso; J. P. Home; J. G. Muga
2015-02-03
We investigate the dynamics under diabatic expansions/compressions of linear ion chains.Combining a dynamical normal-mode harmonic approximation with the invariant-based inverse-engineering technique, we design protocols that minimize the final motional excitation of the ions. This can substantially reduce the transition time between high and low trap-frequency operations, potentially contributing to the development of scalable quantum information processing.
Eigenvalues from power--series expansions: an alternative approach
P. Amore; F. M. Fernandez
2008-12-09
An appropriate rational approximation to the eigenfunction of the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation for anharmonic oscillators enables one to obtain the eigenvalue accurately as the limit of a sequence of roots of Hankel determinants. The convergence rate of this approach is greater than that for a well--established method based on a power--series expansions weighted by a Gaussian factor with an adjustable parameter (the so--called Hill--determinant method).
Inhomogeneous High Frequency Expansion-Free Gravitational Waves
C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan
2007-06-18
We describe a natural inhomogeneous generalization of high frequency plane gravitational waves. The waves are high frequency waves of the Kundt type whose null propagation direction in space-time has vanishing expansion, twist and shear but is not covariantly constant. The introduction of a cosmological constant is discussed in some detail and a comparison is made with high frequency gravity waves having wave fronts homeomorphic to 2-spheres.
Measurement and quantification of aggregate thermal coefficient of expansion
Chande, Gautam U
1997-01-01
method of cells 18 Summary. CHAPTER III DESCRIPTION OF TEST METHOD 20 Introduction 20 Test method 20 Apparatus . Calibration. 20 . 22 Procedure 24 Sample preparation 25 Measurement 26 Results of dilatometer method. 27 Scanning electron... 46 64 . . . 71 LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure I Aggregate mortar matrix . 8 Figure 2 Models for concrete 17 Figure 3. Glass flask dilatometer Figure 4 Equipment components . Figure 5 Aggregate samples for measurement of thermal expansion 21 22...
Characterization of Expansive Soil For Retaining Wall Design
Sahin, Hakan
2012-02-14
test results for boring no 2 ................................................................................................ 119 Table A-5: A full set of sieves includes the following sieves ..................................... 121 Table A-6... of the durability of the lateral earth pressure due to high plastic soils on the retaining structure is significantly important. 1.2 Objectives of Thesis This thesis presents the full set of tests that are required to characterize the properties of expansive...
N=4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theory in the Derivative Expansion
Chalmers, G
2002-01-01
Maximally supersymmetric gauge theories have experienced renewed interest due to the AdS/CFT correspondence and its conjectured S-duality. These gauge theories possess a large amount of symmetry and have quasi-integrable properties. We derive the amplitudes in the derivative expansion of the spontaneously broken examples and perform all loop integrations. The S-matrix is found via an algebraic recursion and at each order is SL(2,Z) invariant.
Generation gaps in engineering?
Kim, David J. (David Jinwoo)
2008-01-01
There is much enthusiastic debate on the topic of generation gaps in the workplace today; what the generational differences are, how to address the apparent challenges, and if the generations themselves are even real. ...
Cometary water expansion velocity from OH line shapes
W. -L. Tseng; D. Bockelée-Morvan; J. Crovisier; P. Colom; W. -H. Ip
2007-02-07
We retrieve the H_2O expansion velocity in a number of comets, using the 18-cm line shapes of the OH radical observed with the Nan\\c{c}ay radio telescope. The H_2O velocity is derived from the large base of a trapezium fitted to the observed spectra. This method, which was previously applied to 9 comets, is now extended to 30 further comets. This allows us to study the evolution of their water molecule outflow velocity over a large range of heliocentric distances and gas production rates. Our analysis confirms and extends previous analyses. The retrieved expansion velocities increases with increasing gas production rates and decreasing heliocentric distances. Heuristic laws are proposed, which could be used for the interpretation of observations of cometary molecules and as a touchstone for hydrodynamical models. The expansion velocities retrieved from 18 cm line shapes are larger than those obtained from millimetric observations of parent molecules with smaller fields of view, which demonstrates the acceleration of the gas with cometocentric distance. Our results are in reasonable quantitative agreement with current hydrodynamical models of cometary atmospheres.
On Perturbation theory improved by Strong coupling expansion
Masazumi Honda
2014-10-13
In theoretical physics, we sometimes have two perturbative expansions of physical quantity around different two points in parameter space. In terms of the two perturbative expansions, we introduce a new type of smooth interpolating function consistent with the both expansions, which includes the standard Pad\\'e approximant and fractional power of polynomial method constructed by Sen as special cases. We point out that we can construct enormous number of such interpolating functions in principle while the "best" approximation for the exact answer of the physical quantity should be unique among the interpolating functions. We propose a criterion to determine the "best" interpolating function, which is applicable except some situations even if we do not know the exact answer. It turns out that our criterion works for various examples including specific heat in two-dimensional Ising model, average plaquette in four-dimensional SU(3) pure Yang-Mills theory on lattice and free energy in c=1 string theory at self-dual radius. We also mention possible applications of the interpolating functions to system with phase transition.
General properties of the expansion methods of Lie algebras
Laura Andrianopoli; Nelson Merino; Felip Nadal; Mario Trigiante
2013-08-22
The study of the relation between Lie algebras and groups, and especially the derivation of new algebras from them, is a problem of great interest in mathematics and physics, because finding a new Lie group from an already known one also means that a new physical theory can be obtained from a known one. One of the procedures that allow to do so is called expansion of Lie algebras, and has been recently used in different physical applications - particularly in gauge theories of gravity. Here we report on further developments of this method, required to understand in a deeper way their consequences in physical theories. We have found theorems related to the preservation of some properties of the algebras under expansions that can be used as criteria and, more specifically, as necessary conditions to know if two arbitrary Lie algebras can be related by the some expansion mechanism. Formal aspects, such as the Cartan decomposition of the expanded algebras, are also discussed. Finally, an instructive example that allows to check explicitly all our theoretical results is also provided.
SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTI...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 11-161-LNG - ORDER 3357 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO....
SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS - FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-06-LNG - ORDER 3066 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG...
On expansion of equal-time relativistic two-body wave equations in powers of 1/c to higher orders
Alexei Turovsky
2012-11-29
Based on an extension of the Foldy--Wouthuysen method to two-body equations, the problem of expansion of equal-time relativistic equations for two Dirac particles in powers of $1/c$ to higher orders is considered. For the case of two particles with unequal masses, the transformed Hamiltonian in a general even-even form is obtained to order $1/c^4$. It is found that certain extra terms, which can be eliminated by an additional unitary transformation, arise in the expansion in higher orders, depending on the order of application of the generating functions in the first iteration. As examples for illustration, the Breit equation and the Salpeter equation with the Breit interaction are taken and their reduction to approximate forms including all the $1/c^{4}$-order terms is carried out using the method under consideration. The obtained results may be applied for the nonrelativistic expansion of two-body wave equations with various interaction potentials to higher orders, for the investigation of their features and symmetries, and may also be useful in the study of light atoms.
Sarrailh, P.; Garrigues, L.; Hagelaar, G. J. M.; Boeuf, J. P.; Sandolache, G.; Rowe, S.
2009-09-01
During the postarc dielectric recovery phase in a vacuum circuit breaker, a cathode sheath forms and expels the plasma from the electrode gap. The success or failure of current breaking depends on how efficiently the plasma is expelled from the electrode gap. The sheath expansion in the postarc phase can be compared to sheath expansion in plasma immersion ion implantation except that collisions between charged particles and atoms generated by electrode evaporation may become important in a vacuum circuit breaker. In this paper, we show that electrode evaporation plays a significant role in the dynamics of the sheath expansion in this context not only because charged particle transport is no longer collisionless but also because the neutral flow due to evaporation and temperature gradients may push the plasma toward one of the electrodes. Using a hybrid model of the nonequilibrium postarc plasma and cathode sheath coupled with a direct simulation Monte Carlo method to describe collisions between heavy species, we present a parametric study of the sheath and plasma dynamics and of the time needed for the sheath to expel the plasma from the gap for different values of plasma density and electrode temperatures at the beginning of the postarc phase. This work constitutes a preliminary step toward understanding and quantifying the risk of current breaking failure of a vacuum arc.
Ion emission and expansion in laser-produced tin plasma
Burdt, Russell Allen
2011-01-01
energy, in which the ablation pressure generated in the laser produced plasma is used to compress fusion reactants to thermonuclear
Small Generator Aggregation (Maine)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase electricity from small generators, with the goal of ensuring that small electricity generators (those with a nameplate...
Energy recovery during expansion of compressed gas using power plant low-quality heat sources
Ochs, Thomas L. (Albany, OR); O'Connor, William K. (Lebanon, OR)
2006-03-07
A method of recovering energy from a cool compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid is disclosed which includes incrementally expanding the compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid through a plurality of expansion engines and heating the gas, vapor, compressed liquid, or supercritical fluid entering at least one of the expansion engines with a low quality heat source. Expansion engines such as turbines and multiple expansions with heating are disclosed.
Next Generation Geothermal Power Plants
Brugman, John; Hattar, Mai; Nichols, Kenneth; Esaki, Yuri
1995-09-01
A number of current and prospective power plant concepts were investigated to evaluate their potential to serve as the basis of the next generation geothermal power plant (NGGPP). The NGGPP has been envisaged as a power plant that would be more cost competitive (than current geothermal power plants) with fossil fuel power plants, would efficiently use resources and mitigate the risk of reservoir under-performance, and minimize or eliminate emission of pollutants and consumption of surface and ground water. Power plant concepts were analyzed using resource characteristics at ten different geothermal sites located in the western United States. Concepts were developed into viable power plant processes, capital costs were estimated and levelized busbar costs determined. Thus, the study results should be considered as useful indicators of the commercial viability of the various power plants concepts that were investigated. Broadly, the different power plant concepts that were analyzed in this study fall into the following categories: commercial binary and flash plants, advanced binary plants, advanced flash plants, flash/binary hybrid plants, and fossil/geothed hybrid plants. Commercial binary plants were evaluated using commercial isobutane as a working fluid; both air-cooling and water-cooling were considered. Advanced binary concepts included cycles using synchronous turbine-generators, cycles with metastable expansion, and cycles utilizing mixtures as working fluids. Dual flash steam plants were used as the model for the commercial flash cycle. The following advanced flash concepts were examined: dual flash with rotary separator turbine, dual flash with steam reheater, dual flash with hot water turbine, and subatmospheric flash. Both dual flash and binary cycles were combined with other cycles to develop a number of hybrid cycles: dual flash binary bottoming cycle, dual flash backpressure turbine binary cycle, dual flash gas turbine cycle, and binary gas turbine cycle. Results of this study indicate that dual flash type plants are preferred at resources with temperatures above 400 F. Closed loop (binary type) plants are preferred at resources with temperatures below 400 F. A rotary separator turbine upstream of a dual flash plant can be beneficial at Salton Sea, the hottest resource, or at high temperature resources where there is a significant variance in wellhead pressures from well to well. Full scale demonstration is required to verify cost and performance. Hot water turbines that recover energy from the spent brine in a dual flash cycle improve that cycle's brine efficiency. Prototype field tests of this technology have established its technical feasibility. If natural gas prices remain low, a combustion turbine/binary hybrid is an economic option for the lowest temperature sites. The use of mixed fluids appear to be an attractive low risk option. The synchronous turbine option as prepared by Barber-Nichols is attractive but requires a pilot test to prove cost and performance. Dual flash binary bottoming cycles appear promising provided that scaling of the brine/working fluid exchangers is controllable. Metastable expansion, reheater, Subatmospheric flash, dual flash backpressure turbine, and hot dry rock concepts do not seem to offer any cost advantage over the baseline technologies. If implemented, the next generation geothermal power plant concept may improve brine utilization but is unlikely to reduce the cost of power generation by much more than 10%. Colder resources will benefit more from the development of a next generation geothermal power plant than will hotter resources. All values presented in this study for plant cost and for busbar cost of power are relative numbers intended to allow an objective and meaningful comparison of technologies. The goal of this study is to assess various technologies on an common basis and, secondarily, to give an approximate idea of the current costs of the technologies at actual resource sites. Absolute costs at a given site will be determined by the specifics of a given pr
Bayesian estimation of dynamic systems function expansions Georgios D. Mitsis and Saad Jbabdi
Mitsis, Georgios
coefficients utilizing least-squares estimation in connection with discrete-time Laguerre expansions [9Bayesian estimation of dynamic systems function expansions Georgios D. Mitsis and Saad Jbabdi, the rate of which is determined by the Laguerre parameter . A critical aspect of the Laguerre expansion
Selection on the Structural Stability of a Ribosomal RNA Expansion Segment in Daphnia obtusa
Obbard, Darren
, Canada The high rate of sequence divergence in nuclear ribosomal RNA (rRNA) expansion segments offersSelection on the Structural Stability of a Ribosomal RNA Expansion Segment in Daphnia obtusa Seanna polymerase chain reaction amplified and cloned a 589-nt fragment of the 18S rRNA gene containing expansion
A PLASMA EXPANSION MODEL BASED ON THE FULL EULER-POISSON SYSTEM
Vignal, Marie-Hélène
current diodes and of arc phenomena on satellites. This plasma undergoes a thermal expansion in the gapA PLASMA EXPANSION MODEL BASED ON THE FULL EULER-POISSON SYSTEM P. Crispel CNES Centre de Toulouse a quasi-neutral plasma expanding in the vacuum gap separat- ing two electrodes. During the expansion, some
C. L. Herzenberg
2009-12-07
We consider an object at rest in space with a universal Hubble expansion taking place away from it. We find that a governing differential equation developed from the Schroedinger equation leads to wave functions which turn out to exhibit pronounced central localization. The extent of concentration of probability depends on the mass; objects with small masses tend to behave in a delocalized manner as ordinary quantum objects do in a static space, while quantum objects with large masses have wave functions that are largely concentrated into much smaller regions. This in turn suggests the possibility that classical behavior is being induced in quantum objects by the presence of the Hubble expansion. If the size of the localized region of concentrated probability density is larger than the size of the corresponding extended object, quantum behavior might be expected; whereas classical behavior might be expected for cases in which the region of high probability density is smaller than the size of the object. The resulting quantum-classical boundary due to Hubble expansion may be expressed in terms of a relationship between the size and mass of an object, or may be expressed in terms of a threshold moment of inertia.
Photospheric Logarithmic Velocity Spirals as MHD Wave Generation Mechanisms
Mumford, S J
2015-01-01
High-resolution observations of the solar photosphere have identified a wide variety of spiralling motions in the plasma. These spirals vary in properties, but are observed to be abundant on the solar surface. In this work these spirals are studied for their potential as magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) wave generation mechanisms. The inter-granular lanes, where these spirals are commonly observed, are also regions where the magnetic field strength is higher than average. This combination of magnetic field and spiralling plasma is a recipe for the generation of Alfv\\'en waves and other MHD waves. This work employs numerical simulations of a self-similar magnetic flux tube embedded in a realistic, gravitationally stratified, solar atmosphere to study the effects of a single magnetic flux tube perturbed by a logarithmic velocity spiral driver. The expansion factor of the logarithmic spiral driver is varied, multiple simulations are run for a range of values of the expansion factor centred around observational data. Th...
Firestone, Richard B; Reijonen, Jani
2014-05-27
An embodiment of a gamma ray generator includes a neutron generator and a moderator. The moderator is coupled to the neutron generator. The moderator includes a neutron capture material. In operation, the neutron generator produces neutrons and the neutron capture material captures at least some of the neutrons to produces gamma rays. An application of the gamma ray generator is as a source of gamma rays for calibration of gamma ray detectors.
Generation to Generation: The Heart of Family Medicine
Winter, Robin O
2012-01-01
Ageism in the Workplace. Generations Spring, 5. Westman,of caring for multiple generations simultaneously. StronglyGeneration to Generation: The Heart of Family Medicine
Cluster expansion modeling and Monte Carlo simulation of alnico 5–7 permanent magnets
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Zhao, Xin; Wang, Cai -Zhuang; Ho, Kai -Ming
2015-03-05
The concerns about the supply and resource of rare earth (RE) metals have generated a lot of interests in searching for high performance RE-free permanent magnets. Alnico alloys are traditional non-RE permanent magnets and have received much attention recently due their good performance at high temperature. In this paper, we develop an accurate and efficient cluster expansion energy model for alnico 5–7. Monte Carlo simulations using the cluster expansion method are performed to investigate the structure of alnico 5–7 at atomistic and nano scales. The alnico 5–7 master alloy is found to decompose into FeCo-rich and NiAl-rich phases at lowmore »temperature. The boundary between these two phases is quite sharp (~2 nm) for a wide range of temperature. The compositions of the main constituents in these two phases become higher when the temperature gets lower. Both FeCo-rich and NiAl-rich phases are in B2 ordering with Fe and Al on ?-site and Ni and Co on ?-site. The degree of order of the NiAl-rich phase is much higher than that of the FeCo-rich phase. In addition, a small magnetic moment is also observed in NiAl-rich phase but the moment reduces as the temperature is lowered, implying that the magnetic properties of alnico 5–7 could be improved by lowering annealing temperature to diminish the magnetism in NiAl-rich phase. Furthermore, the results from our Monte Carlo simulations are consistent with available experimental results.« less
Density Matrix Expansion for Low-Momentum Interactions
S. K. Bogner; R. J. Furnstahl; L. Platter
2008-11-26
A first step toward a universal nuclear energy density functional based on low-momentum interactions is taken using the density matrix expansion (DME) of Negele and Vautherin. The DME is adapted for non-local momentum-space potentials and generalized to include local three-body interactions. Different prescriptions for the three-body DME are compared. Exploratory results are given at the Hartree-Fock level, along with a roadmap for systematic improvements within an effective action framework for Kohn-Sham density functional theory.
Strangeness Production in Nuclear Matter and Expansion Dynamics
V. D. Toneev; E. G. Nikonov; B. Friman; W. Noerenberg; K. Redlich
2003-08-07
Thermodynamical properties of hot and dense nuclear matter are analyzed and compared for different equation of state (EoS). It is argued that the softest point of the equation of state and the strangeness separation on the phase boundary can manifest themselves in observables. The influence of the EoS and the order of the phase transition on the expansion dynamics of nuclear matter and strangeness excitation function is analyzed. It is shown that bulk properties of strangeness production in A-A collisions depend only weakly on the particular form of the EoS. The predictions of different models are related with experimental data on strangeness production.
How strong is the evidence for accelerated expansion?
Marina Seikel; Dominik J. Schwarz
2007-11-26
We test the present expansion of the universe using supernova type Ia data without making any assumptions about the matter and energy content of the universe or about the parameterization of the deceleration parameter. We assume the cosmological principle to apply in a strict sense. The result strongly depends on the data set, the light-curve fitting method and the calibration of the absolute magnitude used for the test, indicating strong systematic errors. Nevertheless, in a spatially flat universe there is at least a 5 sigma evidence for acceleration which drops to 1.8 sigma in an open universe.
ARM - Lesson Plans: Expansion of Population and Environment
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Home Room News PublicationsClimate in theEffectsExpansion of
Comparison among Magnus/Floquet/Fer expansion schemes in solid-state NMR
Takegoshi, K. Miyazawa, Norihiro; Sharma, Kshama; Madhu, P. K.
2015-04-07
We here revisit expansion schemes used in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) for the calculation of effective Hamiltonians and propagators, namely, Magnus, Floquet, and Fer expansions. While all the expansion schemes are powerful methods there are subtle differences among them. To understand the differences, we performed explicit calculation for heteronuclear dipolar decoupling, cross-polarization, and rotary-resonance experiments in solid-state NMR. As the propagator from the Fer expansion takes the form of a product of sub-propagators, it enables us to appreciate effects of time-evolution under Hamiltonians with different orders separately. While 0th-order average Hamiltonian is the same for the three expansion schemes with the three cases examined, there is a case that the 2nd-order term for the Magnus/Floquet expansion is different from that obtained with the Fer expansion. The difference arises due to the separation of the 0th-order term in the Fer expansion. The separation enables us to appreciate time-evolution under the 0th-order average Hamiltonian, however, for that purpose, we use a so-called left-running Fer expansion. Comparison between the left-running Fer expansion and the Magnus expansion indicates that the sign of the odd orders in Magnus may better be reversed if one would like to consider its effect in order.
Oren, Shmuel S.
administered by a non-profit ISO, which manages transmission assets owned by many investors. We also assume that generation firms at generation pockets have to support transmission expansions and how these incentives are affected by the ownership of financial transmission rights (FTRs). We analyze the effect of local market
Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)
2009-12-29
A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.
Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)
2008-04-22
A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.
Leung, Ka-Ngo
2005-06-14
A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.
Feasibility of wavelet expansion methods to treat the energy variable
Van Rooijen, W. F. G.
2012-07-01
This paper discusses the use of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) to implement a functional expansion of the energy variable in neutron transport. The motivation of the work is to investigate the possibility of adapting the expansion level of the neutron flux in a material region to the complexity of the cross section in that region. If such an adaptive treatment is possible, 'simple' material regions (e.g., moderator regions) require little effort, while a detailed treatment is used for 'complex' regions (e.g., fuel regions). Our investigations show that in fact adaptivity cannot be achieved. The most fundamental reason is that in a multi-region system, the energy dependence of the cross section in a material region does not imply that the neutron flux in that region has a similar energy dependence. If it is chosen to sacrifice adaptivity, then the DWT method can be very accurate, but the complexity of such a method is higher than that of an equivalent hyper-fine group calculation. The conclusion is thus that, unfortunately, the DWT approach is not very practical. (authors)
Aussie LNG players target NE Asia in expansion bid
Not Available
1994-02-28
Australia's natural gas players, keen to increase their presence in world liquefied natural gas trade, see Asia as their major LNG market in the decades to come. That's despite the fact that two spot cargoes of Australian Northwest Shelf LNG were shipped to Europe during the last 12 months and more are likely in 1994. Opportunities for growth are foreseen within the confines of the existing Northwest Shelf gas project for the rest of the 1990s. But the main focus for potential new grassroots project developers and expansions of the existing LNG plant in Australia is the expected shortfall in contract volumes of LNG to Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan during 2000--2010. Traditionally the price of crude oil has been used as a basis for calculating LNG prices. This means the economics of any new 21st century supply arrangements are delicately poised because of the current low world oil prices, a trend the market believes is likely to continue. In a bid to lessen the effect of high initial capital outlays and still meet projected demand using LNG from new projects and expansion of the existing plant, Australia's gas producers are working toward greater cooperation with prospective Asian buyers.
Expansion joint for guideway for magnetic levitation transportation system
Rossing, T.D.
1993-02-09
An expansion joint that allows a guideway of a magnetic levitation transportation system to expand and contract while minimizing transients occurring in the magnetic lift and drag forces acting on a magnetic levitation vehicle traveling over the joint includes an upper cut or recess extending downwardly from the upper surface of the guideway and a non-intersecting lower cut or recess that extends upwardly from the lower surface of the guideway. The side walls of the cuts can be parallel to each other and the vertical axis of the guideway; the depth of the lower cut can be greater than the depth of the upper cut; and the overall combined lengths of the cuts can be greater than the thickness of the guideway from the upper to lower surface so that the cuts will overlap, but be spaced apart from each other. The distance between the cuts can be determined on the basis of the force transients and the mechanical behavior of the guideway. A second pair of similarly configured upper and lower cuts may be disposed in the guideway; the expansion joint may consist of two upper cuts and one lower cut; or the cuts may have non-parallel, diverging side walls so that the cuts have a substantially dove-tail shape.
Glass-ceramic hermetic seals to high thermal expansion metals
Kramer, D.P.; Massey, R.T.
1987-04-28
A process for forming glass-ceramic materials from an alkaline silica-lithia glass composition comprising 60-72 mole-% SiO/sub 2/, 18-27 mole-% Li/sub 2/O, 0-5 mole-% Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, 0-6 mole-% K/sub 2/O, 0-3 mole-% B/sub 2/O/sub 3/, and 0.5-2.5 mole-% P/sub 2/O/sub 5/, which comprises heating said glass composition at a first temperature within the 950-1050/degree/C range for 5-60 minutes, and then at a devitrification temperature within the 700-900/degree/C range for about 5-300 minutes to obtain a glass-ceramic having a thermal expansion coefficient of up to 210 x 10/sup /minus/7///degree/C. These ceramics form strong, hermetic seals with high expansion metals such as stainless steel alloys. An intermediate nucleation heating step conducted at a temperature within the range of 675-750/degree/C for 10-120 minutes may be employed between the first stage and the devitrification stage. 1 fig., 2 tabs.
Plasma expansion in the presence of a dipole magnetic field
Winske, D.; Omidi, N. [Applied Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); SciberNet, Inc., Solana Beach, California 92075 (United States)
2005-07-15
Simulations of the initial expansion of a plasma injected into a stationary magnetized background plasma in the presence of a dipole magnetic field are carried out in two dimensions with a kinetic ion, massless fluid electron (hybrid) electromagnetic code. For small values of the magnetic dipole, the injected ions have large gyroradii compared to the scale length of the dipole field and are essentially unmagnetized. As a result, these ions expand, excluding the ambient magnetic field and plasma to form a diamagnetic cavity. However, for stronger magnetic dipoles, the ratio of the gyroradii of the injected ions to the dipole field scale length is small so that they remain magnetized, and hence trapped in the dipole field, as they expand. The trapping and expansion then lead to additional plasma currents and resulting magnetic fields that not only exclude the background field but also interact with the dipole field in a more complex manner that stretches the closed dipole field lines. A criterion to distinguish between the two regimes is derived and is then briefly discussed in the context of applying the results to the plasma sail scheme for the propulsion of small spacecraft in the solar wind.
Lattice thermal expansion for normal tetrahedral compound semiconductors
Omar, M.S. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq)]. E-mail: dr_m_s_omar@yahoo.com
2007-02-15
The cubic root of the deviation of the lattice thermal expansion from that of the expected value of diamond for group IV semiconductors, binary compounds of III-V and II-VI, as well as several ternary compounds from groups I-III-VI{sub 2}, II-IV-V{sub 2} and I-IV{sub 2}V{sub 3} semiconductors versus their bonding length are given straight lines. Their slopes were found to be 0.0256, 0.0210, 0.0170, 0.0259, 0.0196, and 0.02840 for the groups above, respectively. Depending on the valence electrons of the elements forming these groups, a formula was found to correlate all the values of the slopes mentioned above to that of group IV. This new formula which depends on the melting point and the bonding length as well as the number of valence electrons for the elements forming the compounds, will gives best calculated values for lattice thermal expansion for all compounds forming the groups mentioned above. An empirical relation is also found between the mean ionicity of the compounds forming the groups and their slopes mentioned above and that gave the mean ionicity for the compound CuGe{sub 2}P{sub 3} in the range of 0.442.
Mercier, Matthieu J.
We present the results of a combined experimental and numerical study of the generation of internal waves using the novel internal wave generator design of Gostiaux et al. (Exp. Fluids, vol. 42, 2007, pp. 123–130). This ...
Chang, Shih-Fu
#12;#12;#12;#12;features function utility Training Pool Utility Generator Per-frame function content utility classes utility classes utility Tree Decision Generator Module Utility Clustering Adaptive
Generating Functions Introduction
Gould, Ron
CHAPTER 10 Ordinary Generating Functions Introduction We'll begin this chapter by introducing the notion of ordinary generating functions and discussing the basic techniques for manipulating them must master these basic ideas before reading further. In Section 2, we apply generating functions
Stuart, Steven J.
The Clemson First Generation Success Program A First-RAte expeRience College is an experience college. First-generation college students are students whose parents do not hold a degree from a four-year college or university. Clemson is proud of its first- generation students and is committed
Superconducting Power Generation
Mario Rabinowitz
2003-02-20
The superconducting ac generator has the greatest potential for large-scale commercial application of superconductivity that can benefit the public. Electric power is a vital ingredient of modern society, and generation may be considered to be the vital ingredient of a power system. This articles gives background, and an insight into the physics and engineering of superconducting power generation.
Nebel, Jean-Christophe
1 Mesh Generator Matthew Hanlon 9804817 hanlonmj@dsc.gla.ac.uk Class CS4H Session 2002 from two dimensional slices. Medical data stored as sets of slices can be used to generate a three was developed with the following requirements: Â· Load a set of slices into the system Â· Generate a mesh for each
Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)
2008-05-13
A motor/generator is provided for connecting between a transmission input shaft and an output shaft of a prime mover. The motor/generator may include a motor/generator housing, a stator mounted to the motor/generator housing, a rotor mounted at least partially within the motor/generator housing and rotatable about a rotor rotation axis, and a transmission-shaft coupler drivingly coupled to the rotor. The transmission-shaft coupler may include a clamp, which may include a base attached to the rotor and a plurality of adjustable jaws.
Reversible expansion of gallium-stabilized (delta)-plutonium
Wolfer, W G; Oudot, B; Baclet, N
2006-02-27
It is shown that the transient expansion of plutonium-gallium alloys observed both in the lattice parameter as well as in the dimension of a sample held at ambient temperature can be explained by assuming incipient precipitation of Pu{sub 3}Ga. However, this ordered {zeta}-phase is also subject to radiation-induced disordering. As a result, the gallium-stabilized {delta}-phase, being metastable at ambient temperature, is driven towards thermodynamic equilibrium by radiation-enhanced diffusion of gallium and at the same time reverted back to its metastable state by radiation-induced disordering. A steady state is reached in which only a modest fraction of the gallium present is arranged in ordered {zeta}-phase regions.
Ultracold plasma expansion as a function of charge neutrality
Witte, Craig; Roberts, Jacob L.
2014-10-15
Ultracold plasmas (UCPs) are created under conditions of near but not perfect neutrality. In the limit of zero electron temperature, electron screening results in non-neutrality manifesting itself as an interior region of the UCP with both electrons and ions and an exterior region composed primarily of ions. The interior region is the region of the most scientific interest for 2-component ultracold plasma physics. This work presents a theoretical model through which the time evolution of non-neutral UCPs is calculated. Despite Debye screening lengths much smaller than the characteristic plasma spatial size, model calculations predict that the expansion rate and the electron temperature of the UCP interior is sensitive to the neutrality of the UCP. The predicted UCP dependence on neutrality has implications for the correct measurement of several UCP properties, such as electron temperature, and a proper understanding of evaporative cooling of the electrons in the UCP.
Power-law expansion cosmology in Schrödinger-type formulation
Burin Gumjudpai
2008-09-08
We investigate non-linear Schr\\"{o}dinger-type formulation of cosmology of which our cosmological system is a general relativistic FRLW universe containing canonical scalar field under arbitrary potential and a barotropic fluid with arbitrary spatial curvatures. We extend the formulation to include phantom field case and we have found that Schr\\"{o}dinger wave function in this formulation is generally non-normalizable. Assuming power-law expansion, $a \\sim t^q$, we obtain scalar field potential as function of time. The corresponding quantities in Schr\\"{o}dinger-type formulation such as Schr\\"{o}dinger total energy, Schr\\"{o}dinger potential and wave function are also presented.
HAZARDS OF THERMAL EXPANSION FOR RADIOLOGICAL CONTAINER ENGULFED IN FIRE
Donna Post Guillen
2013-05-01
Fire accidents pose a serious threat to nuclear facilities. It is imperative that transport casks or shielded containers designed to transport/contain radiological materials have the ability to withstand a hypothetical fire. A numerical simulation was performed for a shielded container constructed of stainless steel and lead engulfed in a hypothetical fire as outlined by 10 CFR §71.73. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the thermal response of the container during and after the fire. The thermal model shows that after 30 minutes of fire, the stainless steel will maintain its integrity and not melt. However, the lead shielding will melt since its temperature exceeds the melting point. Due to the method of construction of the container under consideration, ample void space must be provided to allow for thermal expansion of the lead upon heating and melting, so as to not overstress the weldment.
Portugal`s Petrogal eyes expansion amid continuing privatization
1995-10-16
Portugal`s recently privatized state oil company Petrogal is about to embark on a major expansion worldwide. That comes against the backdrop of major change in Portugal`s energy sector and the rocky road to Petrogal`s partial privatization. Despite the controversy, there remain opportunities for foreign companies investing in Portugal`s energy sector. The most attractive opportunities are in Portugal`s downstream petroleum sector and in the country`s continuing campaign to develop its natural gas industry. Typical of the latter is Portugal`s participation in the Trans-Maghreb gas pipeline megaproject. The paper discusses the background to privatization, its current status, Petrogal strategy, modernization of refineries, a joint partnership with Venezuela, constraints, energy policy program, gas pipeline privatization, and concerns of the gas industry.
Ultra low thermal expansion, highly thermal shock resistant ceramic
Limaye, S.Y.
1996-01-30
Three families of ceramic compositions having the given formula: {phi}{sub 1+X}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6{minus}2X}Si{sub 2X}O{sub 24}, {phi}{sub 1+X}Zr{sub 4{minus}2X}Y{sub 2X}P{sub 6}O{sub 24} and {phi}{sub 1+X}Zr{sub 4{minus}X}Y{sub X}P{sub 6{minus}2X}Si{sub X}O{sub 24} wherein {phi} is either strontium or barium and X has a value from about 0.2 to about 0.8 have been disclosed. Ceramics formed from these compositions exhibit very low, generally near neutral, thermal expansion over a wide range of elevated temperatures. 7 figs.
Consistency among distance measurements: transparency, BAO scale and accelerated expansion
A. Avgoustidis; Licia Verde; Raul Jimenez
2009-06-11
We explore consistency among different distance measures, including Supernovae Type Ia data, measurements of the Hubble parameter, and determination of the Baryon acoustic oscillation scale. We present new constraints on the cosmic transparency combining $H(z)$ data together with the latest Supernova Type Ia data compilation. This combination, in the context of a flat $\\Lambda$CDM model, improves current constraints by nearly an order of magnitude. We re-examine the recently reported tension between the Baryon acoustic oscillation scale and Supernovae data in light of possible deviations from transparency, concluding that the source of the discrepancy may most likely be found among systematic effects of the modelling of the low redshift data or a simple $\\sim 2-\\sigma$ statistical fluke, rather than in exotic physics. Finally, we attempt to draw model-independent conclusions about the recent accelerated expansion, determining the acceleration redshift to be $z_{acc}=0.35^{+0.20}_{-0.13}$ (1-$\\sigma$).
Emergence and Expansion of Cosmic Space in BIonic system
A. Sepehri; Farook Rahaman; Anirudh Pradhan; Iftikar Hossain Sardar
2015-01-07
Recently, Padmanabhan [arXiv:1206.4916] argued that the expansion rate of the universe can be thought of as the emergence of space as cosmic time progresses and is related to the difference between the surface degrees of freedom on the holographic horizon and the bulk degrees of freedom inside. The main question arises as to what is origin of emergence of space in 4D universe? We answer to this question in BIonic system. The BIon is a configuration in flat space of a D-brane and a parallel anti-D-brane connected by a thin shell wormhole with F-string charge. We propose a new model that allows all degrees of freedom inside and outside the universe are controlled by the evolutions of BIon in extra dimension and tend to degrees of freedom of black F-string in string theory or black M2-brane in M theory.
Ultra low thermal expansion, highly thermal shock resistant ceramic
Limaye, Santosh Y. (1440 Sandpiper Cir. #38, Salt Lake City, UT 84117)
1996-01-01
Three families of ceramic compositions having the given formula: .phi..sub.1+X Zr.sub.4 P.sub.6-2X Si.sub.2X O.sub.24, .phi..sub.1+X Zr.sub.4-2X Y.sub.2X P.sub.6 O.sub.24 and .phi..sub.1+X Zr.sub.4-X Y.sub.X P.sub.6-2X Si.sub.X O.sub.24 wherein .phi. is either Strontium or Barium and X has a value from about 0.2 to about 0.8 have been disclosed. Ceramics formed from these compositions exhibit very low, generally near neutral, thermal expansion over a wide range of elevated temperatures.
Study of Proton Expansion in (p,2p) Quasielastic Scattering at Large Transverse Momentum
Alan S. Carroll
2003-03-03
The measured nuclear transparencies in targets of Li, C, Al, Cu and Pb at incident momenta of 6, 10, and 12 GeV/c have been used to study the rate of proton expansion connected with (p,2p) quasielastic scattering at large momentum transfer. Simple models with linear or quadratic expansion of the effective cross section fail to simultaneously fit the measured transparencies at all three momenta. If only the 6 and 10 GeV/c transparencies are fitted, satisfactory representations can be obtained when the expansion distances for protons at 6 GeV/c are greater than 6.4 fm(linear) and 4.0 fm(quadratic). These distances are greater than those suggested by most Expansion models except the quadratic 'naive expansion' picture. However, the transparencies are well represented by the Nuclear Filtering model with no explicit expansion.
Combustion instabilities in sudden expansion oxy-fuel flames
Ditaranto, Mario; Hals, Joergen
2006-08-15
An experimental study on combustion instability is presented with focus on oxy-fuel type combustion. Oxidants composed of CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} and methane are the reactants flowing through a premixer-combustor system. The reaction starts downstream a symmetric sudden expansion and is at the origin of different instability patterns depending on oxygen concentration and Reynolds number. The analysis has been conducted through measurement of pressure, CH* chemiluminescence, and velocity. As far as stability is concerned, oxy-fuel combustion with oxygen concentration similar to that found in air combustion cannot be sustained, but requires at least 30% oxygen to perform in a comparable manner. Under these conditions and for the sudden expansion configuration used in this study, the instability is at low frequency and low amplitude, controlled by the flame length inside the combustion chamber. Above a threshold concentration in oxygen dependent on equivalence ratio, the flame becomes organized and concentrated in the near field. Strong thermoacoustic instability is then triggered at characteristic acoustic modes of the system. Different modes can be triggered depending on the ratio of flame speed to inlet velocity, but for all types of instability encountered, the heat release and pressure fluctuations are linked by a variation in mass-flow rate. An acoustic model of the system coupled with a time-lag-based flame model made it possible to elucidate the acoustic mode selection in the system as a function of laminar flame speed and Reynolds number. The overall work brings elements of reflection concerning the potential risk of strong pressure oscillations in future gas turbine combustors for oxy-fuel gas cycles. (author)
Contraction/expansion flow of dilute elastic solutions in microchannels
Scott, Timothy Peter, 1980-
2004-01-01
An experimental study is conducted on the nature of extensional flows of mobile dilute polymer solutions in microchannel. By observing such fluids on the microscale it is possible to generate large strain rates ([approximately] ...
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Rubinstein, Robert; Kurien, Susan; Cambon, Claude
2015-06-22
The representation theory of the rotation group is applied to construct a series expansion of the correlation tensor in homogeneous anisotropic turbulence. The resolution of angular dependence is the main analytical difficulty posed by anisotropic turbulence; representation theory parametrises this dependence by a tensor analogue of the standard spherical harmonics expansion of a scalar. As a result, the series expansion is formulated in terms of explicitly constructed tensor bases with scalar coefficients determined by angular moments of the correlation tensor.
Modeling and Control of Co-generation Power Plants: A Hybrid System Approach
Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo
of turning on/off the gas and steam turbine, the operat- ing constraints (minimum up and down times and produces electric power through the expansion of the gas in the gas turbine; the steam cycle is supplied with the output ex- haust gas from the gas turbine and generates both electricity and steam for the industrial
Lindley, R.A.
1993-10-01
This thesis discusses the following on resonant holographic measurements of laser ablation plume expansion: Introduction to laser ablation; applications of laser ablation; The study of plume expansion; holographic interferometry; resonant holographic interferometry; accounting for finite laser bandwidth; The solution for doppler broadening and finite bandwidth; the main optical table; the lumonics laser spot shape; developing and reconstructing the holograms; plume expansion in RF/Plasma Environments; Determining {lambda}{sub o}; resonant refraction effects; fringe shift interpretation; shot-to-shot consistency; laser ablation in vacuum and low pressure, inert, background gas; theoretically modeling plume expansion in vacuum and low pressure, inert, background gas; and laser ablation in higher pressure, inert, background gas.
THERMAL EXPANSION AND PHASE INVERSION OF RARE-EARTH OXIDES By...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
are sufficient and binders are not required. 3 4. Measurements can be made on each crystalline phase in samples con- taining multiple components. Thermal expansion data are...
Uniform semiclassical expansions for the direct part of Franck-Condon transitions
B. Huepper; B. Eckhardt
1997-10-13
Semiclassical expansions for traces involving Greens functions have two contributions, one from the periodic or recurrent orbits of the classical system and one from the phase space volume, i.e. the paths of infinitesimal length. Quantitative calculations require the control of both terms. Here, we discuss the contribution from paths of zero length with an emphasis on the application to Franck-Condon transitions. The expansion in the energy representation is asymptotic and a critical parameter is identified. In the time domain, a series expansion of the logarithm of the propagator gives very good results. The expansions are illustrated for transitions onto a linear potential and onto a harmonic oscillator.
Arbanas, Goran; Dunn, Michael E; Larson, Nancy M; Leal, Luiz C; Williams, Mark L
2012-01-01
Convergence properties of Legendre expansion of a Doppler-broadened double-differential elastic neutron scattering cross section of {sup 238}U near the 6.67 eV resonance at temperature 10{sup 3} K are studied. A variance of Legendre expansion from a reference Monte Carlo computation is used as a measure of convergence and is computed for as many as 15 terms in the Legendre expansion. When the outgoing energy equals the incoming energy, it is found that the Legendre expansion converges very slowly. Therefore, a supplementary method of computing many higher-order terms is suggested and employed for this special case.
Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of Energy (DOEFE) issued Order No. 3357 (FLEX II Conditional Order) to Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P., FLNG Liquefaction, LLC, FLNG Liquefaction 2, LLC, and FLNG...
"Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released a study entitled "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy...
Optically generated ultrasound for enhanced drug delivery
Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Campbell, Heather L. (Baltimore, MD); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA)
2002-01-01
High frequency acoustic waves, analogous to ultrasound, can enhance the delivery of therapeutic compounds into cells. The compounds delivered may be chemotherapeutic drugs, antibiotics, photodynamic drugs or gene therapies. The therapeutic compounds are administered systemically, or preferably locally to the targeted site. Local delivery can be accomplished through a needle, cannula, or through a variety of vascular catheters, depending on the location of routes of access. To enhance the systemic or local delivery of the therapeutic compounds, high frequency acoustic waves are generated locally near the target site, and preferably near the site of compound administration. The acoustic waves are produced via laser radiation interaction with an absorbing media and can be produced via thermoelastic expansion, thermodynamic vaporization, material ablation, or plasma formation. Acoustic waves have the effect of temporarily permeabilizing the membranes of local cells, increasing the diffusion of the therapeutic compound into the cells, allowing for decreased total body dosages, decreased side effects, and enabling new therapies.
Modeling Climate-Water Impacts on Electricity Sector Capacity Expansion: Preprint
Cohen, S. M.; Macknick, J.; Averyt, K.; Meldrum, J.
2014-05-01
Climate change has the potential to exacerbate water availability concerns for thermal power plant cooling, which is responsible for 41% of U.S. water withdrawals. This analysis describes an initial link between climate, water, and electricity systems using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) electricity system capacity expansion model. Average surface water projections from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 3 (CMIP3) data are applied to surface water rights available to new generating capacity in ReEDS, and electric sector growth is compared with and without climate-influenced water rights. The mean climate projection has only a small impact on national or regional capacity growth and water use because most regions have sufficient unappropriated or previously retired water rights to offset climate impacts. Climate impacts are notable in southwestern states that purchase fewer water rights and obtain a greater share from wastewater and other higher-cost water resources. The electric sector climate impacts demonstrated herein establish a methodology to be later exercised with more extreme climate scenarios and a more rigorous representation of legal and physical water availability.
Barnette, Daniel W. (Veguita, NM)
2002-01-01
The present invention provides a method of grid generation that uses the geometry of the problem space and the governing relations to generate a grid. The method can generate a grid with minimized discretization errors, and with minimal user interaction. The method of the present invention comprises assigning grid cell locations so that, when the governing relations are discretized using the grid, at least some of the discretization errors are substantially zero. Conventional grid generation is driven by the problem space geometry; grid generation according to the present invention is driven by problem space geometry and by governing relations. The present invention accordingly can provide two significant benefits: more efficient and accurate modeling since discretization errors are minimized, and reduced cost grid generation since less human interaction is required.
Steam generator support system
Moldenhauer, James E. (Simi Valley, CA)
1987-01-01
A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances.
Steam generator support system
Moldenhauer, J.E.
1987-08-25
A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source is disclosed. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances. 4 figs.
Thermophotovoltaic energy generation
Celanovic, Ivan; Chan, Walker; Bermel, Peter; Yeng, Adrian Y. X.; Marton, Christopher; Ghebrebrhan, Michael; Araghchini, Mohammad; Jensen, Klavs F.; Soljacic, Marin; Joannopoulos, John D.; Johnson, Steven G.; Pilawa-Podgurski, Robert; Fisher, Peter
2015-08-25
Inventive systems and methods for the generation of energy using thermophotovoltaic cells are described. Also described are systems and methods for selectively emitting electromagnetic radiation from an emitter for use in thermophotovoltaic energy generation systems. In at least some of the inventive energy generation systems and methods, a voltage applied to the thermophotovoltaic cell (e.g., to enhance the power produced by the cell) can be adjusted to enhance system performance. Certain embodiments of the systems and methods described herein can be used to generate energy relatively efficiently.
Fourth Generation Majorana Neutrinos
Alexander Lenz; Heinrich Päs; Dario Schalla
2012-05-02
We investigate the possibility of a fourth sequential generation in the lepton sector. Assuming neutrinos to be Majorana particles and starting from a recent - albeit weak - evidence for a non-zero admixture of a fourth generation neutrino from fits to weak lepton and meson decays we discuss constraints from neutrinoless double beta decay, radiative lepton decay and like-sign dilepton production at hadron colliders. Also an idea for fourth generation neutrino mass model building is briefly outlined. Here we soften the large hierarchy of the neutrino masses within an extradimensional model that locates each generation on different lepton number violating branes without large hierarchies.
Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)
003027MLTPL00 Network Traffic Generator for Low-rate Small Network Equipment Software http://eln.lbl.gov/sne_traffic_gen.html
Renewable Electricity Generation
2012-09-01
This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
The amount of electricity generated by the wind industry started to grow back around 1999, and since 2007 has been increasing at a rapid pace.
Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)
abordados con la misma urgencia que con la que se busca el crecimiento sostenido y sustentable de la
Next-generation transcriptome assembly
Martin, Jeffrey A.
2012-01-01
technologies - the next generation. Nat Rev Genet 11, 31-algorithms for next-generation sequencing data. Genomicsassembly from next- generation sequencing data. Genome Res
Effects of laser polarization in the expansion of plasma waveguides
Lemos, N.; Grismayer, T.; Cardoso, L.; Geada, J.; Figueira, G.; Dias, J. M.
2013-10-15
We experimentally demonstrate that a column of hydrogen plasma generated by an ultra-short (sub-picosecond), moderate intensity (?10{sup 15–16} W.cm{sup –2}) laser, radially expands at a higher velocity when using a circularly polarized laser beam instead of a linearly polarized beam. Interferometry shows that after 1 ns there is a clear shock structure formed, that can be approximated to a cylindrical blast wave. The shock velocity was measured for plasmas created with linearly and circularly polarized laser beams, indicating an approximately 20% higher velocity for plasmas generated with a circularly polarized laser beam, thus implying a higher plasma electron temperature. The heating mechanism was determined to be the Above Threshold Ionization effect. The calculated electrum energy spectrum for a circularly polarized laser beam was broader when compared to the one generated by a linearly polarized laser beam, leading to a higher plasma temperature.
Laser beam generating apparatus
Warner, B.E.; Duncan, D.B.
1994-02-15
Laser beam generating apparatus including a septum segment disposed longitudinally within the tubular structure of the apparatus is described. The septum provides for radiatively dissipating heat buildup within the tubular structure and for generating relatively uniform laser beam pulses so as to minimize or eliminate radial pulse delays (the chevron effect). 7 figures.
Prescott, D.S.; Schober, R.K.; Beller, J.
1992-03-17
An improved solid aerosol generator used to produce a gas borne stream of dry, solid particles of predetermined size and concentration is disclosed. The improved solid aerosol generator nebulizes a feed solution of known concentration with a flow of preheated gas and dries the resultant wet heated aerosol in a grounded, conical heating chamber, achieving high recovery and flow rates. 2 figs.
Improved solid aerosol generator
Prescott, D.S.; Schober, R.K.; Beller, J.
1988-07-19
An improved solid aerosol generator used to produce a gas borne stream of dry, solid particles of predetermined size and concentration. The improved solid aerosol generator nebulizes a feed solution of known concentration with a flow of preheated gas and dries the resultant wet heated aerosol in a grounded, conical heating chamber, achieving high recovery and flow rates. 2 figs.
Wroclaw neutrino event generator
Jaroslaw A. Nowak
2006-07-07
A neutrino event generator developed by the Wroclaw Neutrino Group is described. The physical models included in the generator are discussed and illustrated with the results of simulations. The considered processes are quasi-elastic scattering and pion production modelled by combining the $\\Delta$ resonance excitation and deep inelastic scattering.
Internal split field generator
Thundat; Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)
2012-01-03
A generator includes a coil of conductive material. A stationary magnetic field source applies a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An internal magnetic field source is disposed within a cavity of the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. The stationary magnetic field interacts with the moving magnetic field to generate an electrical energy in the coil.
Laser beam generating apparatus
Warner, B.E.; Duncan, D.B.
1993-12-28
Laser beam generating apparatus including a septum segment disposed longitudinally within the tubular structure of the apparatus. The septum provides for radiatively dissipating heat buildup within the tubular structure and for generating relatively uniform laser beam pulses so as to minimize or eliminate radial pulse delays (the chevron effect). 11 figures.
Landfill Expansion and Permit Revision FEIR Addendum #1 2003 LRDP FEIR Addendum #2
Ullrich, Paul
and post-closure maintenance activities for Waste Management Unit 2 (WMU2) at the UC Davis campus landfillUC Davis Landfill Expansion and Permit Revision FEIR Addendum #1 2003 LRDP FEIR Addendum #2 August 2011 Page 1 1 August 2011 ADDENDUM #1 TO THE LANDFILL EXPANSION AND PERMIT REVISION FEIR (State
Static vacuum solutions from convergent null data expansions at space-like infinity
Static vacuum solutions from convergent null data expansions at space-like infinity Helmut Abstract We study formal expansions of asymptotically flat solutions to the static vacuum field equations characterization of all asymptotically flat solutions to the static vacuum field equations. PACS: 04.20.Ex, 04
California at Berkeley, University of
Correction to "Precursor activation and substorm expansion associated with observations of a dipolarization front by Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS)" C. L. Tang, V. Angelopoulos, A. Runov, C. T, K. H. Fornacon, and Z. Y. Li (2010), Correction to "Precursor activation and substorm expansion
The contribution of mangrove expansion to salt marsh loss on the Texas Gulf coast
Armitage, Anna R.; Highfield, Wesley E.; Brody, Samuel D.; Louchouarn, Patrick
2015-05-06
to mangrove expansion into areas previously occupied by salt marsh plants. On the Texas (USA) coast of the western Gulf of Mexico, most cases of mangrove expansion have been documented within specific bays or watersheds. Based on this body of relatively small...
Electrostatically Embedded Many-Body Expansion for Large Systems, with Applications
Truhlar, Donald G
Electrostatically Embedded Many-Body Expansion for Large Systems, with Applications to Water present electrostatically embedded two-body and three-body expansions for calculating the energies of molecular clusters. The system is divided into fragments, and dimers or trimers of fragments are calculated
Iterative-Expansion A* Colin M. Potts and Kurt D. Krebsbach
Krebsbach, Kurt D.
Iterative-Expansion A* (IEA*), fo- cuses on reducing redundant node expansions within indi- vidual depth IEA* with several other competing approaches. We also sketch proofs of optimality and com- pleteness for IEA*, and note that IEA* is particularly ef- ficient for solving implicitly-defined general graph
Center-of-mass corrections reexamined: a many-body expansion approach
Center-of-mass corrections reexamined: a many-body expansion approach Bogdan Mihaila Department, Durham, NH 03824 (August 4, 2006) A many-body expansion for the computation of the charge form factor of the calculation involving realistic nuclear wave functions. Results obtained for the Argonne v18 two
Simulated impact of urban expansion on future temperature heatwaves in Sydney
Evans, Jason
Simulated impact of urban expansion on future temperature heatwaves in Sydney D. Argüesoa,b , J on 2-m temperature are investigated over Greater Sydney using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF the expected urban expansion in the future simulation according to local government urbanisation plans
Effect of mould expansion on pattern allowances in sand casting of steel
Beckermann, Christoph
properties of the sand and the solidifying steel. Such hindered shrinkage of restrained casting featuresEffect of mould expansion on pattern allowances in sand casting of steel F. Peters1 , R. Voigt2 , S. Z. Ou3 and C. Beckermann*3 For steel castings produced in sand moulds, the expansion of the sand
Melamed, Timor
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 114, 317332, 2011 PULSED BEAM EXPANSION-based pulsed-beams expansion of planar aperture time- dependent electromagnetic fields. The propagating field-beam waveobjects over the frame spectral lattice. Explicit asymptotic expressions for the electromagnetic pulsed
Savannah Harbor Expansion Project General Re-Evaluation Report and Environmental Impact Statement
US Army Corps of Engineers
#12; Savannah Harbor Expansion Project General Re-Evaluation Report and Environmental Impact, was engaged to conduct the IEPR of the Savannah Harbor Expansion Project (SHEP) Draft General Re-Evaluation review of the Economic Appendix and model and the Cost Engineering Appendix in the summer of 2010
ORIGINAL PAPER A review of the alien and expansive species of freshwater
ORIGINAL PAPER A review of the alien and expansive species of freshwater cyanobacteria and algae their impact on local species and other real or potential risks resulting from their spread. The list of alien Alien species Á Invasive species Á Expansive species Á Cyanobacteria Á Algae Á Freshwater Á Czech
DETERMINATION OF THE SWELL-STRESS CURVE OF AN EXPANSIVE SOIL USING CENTRIFUGE TECHNOLOGY
Zornberg, Jorge G.
DETERMINATION OF THE SWELL-STRESS CURVE OF AN EXPANSIVE SOIL USING CENTRIFUGE TECHNOLOGY project was conducted on the use of centrifuge technology to characterize the expansive properties of a soil sample in the centrifuge. This paper focuses on the analysis of testing results, specifically how
Østgaard, Nikolai
GLOBAL SCALE ELECTRON PRECIPITATION DURING SUBSTORM EXPANSIONS N. Østgaard, J. Stadsnes, J. Bjordal of the patterns of electron precipitation through imaging of the atmospheric X-ray bremsstrahlung and the auroral energy (multi-keV) electron precipitation. During the substorm expansion phase, clear time delays occur
Lecture 4: The Age, Shape, and Expansion History of the Universe Risa H. Wechsler
Wechsler, Risa H.
Lecture 4: The Age, Shape, and Expansion History of the Universe Risa H. Wechsler Arthur H Compton, and geometry · The expansion history of the Universe is determined by the combination of the matter density and the curvature · A universe with less than the critical density is "open", it will expand forever · A universe
Extraordinary stiffness tunability through thermal expansion of nonlinear defect modes
Marc Serra-Garcia; Joseph Lydon; Chiara Daraio
2014-11-19
Incremental stiffness characterizes the variation of a material's force response to a small deformation change. Typically materials have an incremental stiffness that is fixed and positive, but recent technologies, such as super-lenses, low frequency band gap materials and acoustic cloaks, are based on materials with zero, negative or extremely high incremental stiffness. So far, demonstrations of this behavior have been limited either to a narrow range of frequencies, temperatures, stiffness or to specific deformations. Here we demonstrate a mechanism to tune the static incremental stiffness that overcomes those limitations. This tunability is achieved by driving a nonlinear defect mode in a lattice. As in thermal expansion, the defect's vibration amplitude affects the force at the boundary, hence the lattice's stiffness. By using the high sensitivities of nonlinear systems near bifurcation points, we tune the magnitude of the incremental stiffness over a wide range: from positive, to zero, to arbitrarily negative values. The particular deformation where the incremental stiffness is modified can be arbitrarily selected varying the defect's driving frequency. We demonstrate this experimentally in a compressed array of spheres and propose a general theoretical model.
PHOTOSPHERIC RADIUS EXPANSION IN SUPERBURST PRECURSORS FROM NEUTRON STARS
Keek, L.
2012-09-10
Thermonuclear runaway burning of carbon is in rare cases observed from accreting neutron stars as day-long X-ray flares called superbursts. In the few cases where the onset is observed, superbursts exhibit a short precursor burst at the start. In each instance, however, the data are of insufficient quality for spectral analysis of the precursor. Using data from the propane anti-coincidence detector of the Proportional Counter Array instrument on the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, we perform the first detailed time-resolved spectroscopy of precursors. For a superburst from 4U 1820-30 we demonstrate the presence of photospheric radius expansion. We find the precursor to be 1.4-2 times more energetic than other short bursts from this source, indicating that the burning of accreted helium is insufficient to explain the full precursor. Shock heating would be able to account for the shortfall in energy. We argue that this precursor is a strong indication that the superburst starts as a detonation, and that a shock induces the precursor. Furthermore, we employ our technique to study the superexpansion phase of the same superburst in greater detail.
Relativistic plasma expansion with Maxwell-Juettner distribution
Huang, Yongsheng; Wang, Naiyan; Tang, Xiuzhang; Shi, Yijin
2013-11-15
A self-similar analytical solution is proposed to describe the relativistic ion acceleration with the local Maxwell-Juettner relativistic distribution electrons. It is an alternative to the existing static model [M. Passoni and M. Lontano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 115001 (2008)], which exploits a limited solution for the acceleration potential. With our model, the potential is finite naturally and has an upper limitation proportional to the square root of the electron temperature. The divergent potential in the non-relativistic case is the linear items of the Taylor expansion of that obtained relativistic one here. The energy distribution of ions and the dependence of the ion momentum on the acceleration time are obtained analytically. Maximum ion energy has an upper limitation decided by the finite potential difference. In the ultra-relativistic region, the ion energy at the ion front is proportional to t{sup 4/5} and the energy of the ions behind the ion front is proportional to t{sup 2/3} since the field there is shielded by the ions beyond them and the field at the ion front is the most intense.
Finite Volume Cumulant Expansion in QCD-Colorless Plasma
Ladrem, M; Al-Full, Z; Cherif, S
2015-01-01
Due to the finite size effects, the localisation of the phase transition in finite systems and the determination of its order, become an extremely difficult task, even in the simplest known cases. In order to identify and locate the finite volume transition point $T_{0}(V)$ of the QCD deconfinement phase transition to a Colorless QGP, we have developed a new approach using the finite size cumulant expansion of the order parameter and the $L_{mn}$-method. The first six cumulants $C_{1,2,3,4,5,6}$ with the corresponding under-normalized ratios(skewness $\\Sigma$, kurtosis $\\kappa$ ,pentosis $\\Pi_{\\pm}$ and hexosis $\\mathcal{H}_{1,2,3}$) and three unnormalized combinations of them ($\\mathcal{O}={\\mathcal{\\sigma }^{2} \\mathcal{\\kappa } }{\\mathbf{\\Sigma }^{-1} }$, $\\mathcal{U} ={\\mathcal{\\sigma }^{-2} \\mathbf{\\Sigma }^{-1} }$, $\\mathcal{N} = \\mathcal{\\sigma }^{2} \\mathcal{\\kappa }$) are calculated and studied as functions of $(T,V)$. A new approach, unifying in a clear and consistent way the definitions of cumulant...
Water Constraints in an Electric Sector Capacity Expansion Model
Macknick, Jordan; Cohen, Stuart; Newmark, Robin; Martinez, Andrew; Sullivan, Patrick; Tidwell, Vince
2015-07-17
This analysis provides a description of the first U.S. national electricity capacity expansion model to incorporate water resource availability and costs as a constraint for the future development of the electricity sector. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model was modified to incorporate water resource availability constraints and costs in each of its 134 Balancing Area (BA) regions along with differences in costs and efficiencies of cooling systems. Water resource availability and cost data are from recently completed research at Sandia National Laboratories (Tidwell et al. 2013b). Scenarios analyzed include a business-as-usual 3 This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. scenario without water constraints as well as four scenarios that include water constraints and allow for different cooling systems and types of water resources to be utilized. This analysis provides insight into where water resource constraints could affect the choice, configuration, or location of new electricity technologies.
$1/d$ Expansion for $k$-Core Percolation
A. B. Harris; J. M. Schwarz
2005-06-02
The physics of $k$-core percolation pertains to those systems whose constituents require a minimum number of $k$ connections to each other in order to participate in any clustering phenomenon. Examples of such a phenomenon range from orientational ordering in solid ortho-para ${\\rm H}_2$ mixtures to the onset of rigidity in bar-joint networks to dynamical arrest in glass-forming liquids. Unlike ordinary ($k=1$) and biconnected ($k=2$) percolation, the mean field $k\\ge3$-core percolation transition is both continuous and discontinuous, i.e. there is a jump in the order parameter accompanied with a diverging length scale. To determine whether or not this hybrid transition survives in finite dimensions, we present a $1/d$ expansion for $k$-core percolation on the $d$-dimensional hypercubic lattice. We show that to order $1/d^3$ the singularity in the order parameter and in the susceptibility occur at the same value of the occupation probability. This result suggests that the unusual hybrid nature of the mean field $k$-core transition survives in high dimensions.
Project Fever - Fostering Electric Vehicle Expansion in the Rockies
Swalnick, Natalia
2013-06-30
Project FEVER (Fostering Electric Vehicle Expansion in the Rockies) is a part of the Clean Cities Community Readiness and Planning for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure Funding Opportunity funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the state of Colorado. Tasks undertaken in this project include: Electric Vehicle Grid Impact Assessment; Assessment of Electrical Permitting and Inspection for EV/EVSE (electric vehicle/electric vehicle supply equipment); Assessment of Local Ordinances Pertaining to Installation of Publicly Available EVSE;Assessment of Building Codes for EVSE; EV Demand and Energy/Air Quality Impacts Assessment; State and Local Policy Assessment; EV Grid Impact Minimization Efforts; Unification and Streamlining of Electrical Permitting and Inspection for EV/EVSE; Development of BMP for Local EVSE Ordinances; Development of BMP for Building Codes Pertaining to EVSE; Development of Colorado-Specific Assessment for EV/EVSE Energy/Air Quality Impacts; Development of State and Local Policy Best Practices; Create Final EV/EVSE Readiness Plan; Develop Project Marketing and Communications Elements; Plan and Schedule In-person Education and Outreach Opportunities.
Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
ReflecTech Inc. is using a silvered polymer-based film -- instead of glass -- to make mirror panels for focusing sunlight onto a heat generator. Their innovation helped them land a Recovery Act tax credit to expand their Colorado company.
Leung, Ka-Ngo; Lou, Tak Pui
2005-03-22
A compact neutron generator has at its outer circumference a toroidal shaped plasma chamber in which a tritium (or other) plasma is generated. A RF antenna is wrapped around the plasma chamber. A plurality of tritium ion beamlets are extracted through spaced extraction apertures of a plasma electrode on the inner surface of the toroidal plasma chamber and directed inwardly toward the center of neutron generator. The beamlets pass through spaced acceleration and focusing electrodes to a neutron generating target at the center of neutron generator. The target is typically made of titanium tubing. Water is flowed through the tubing for cooling. The beam can be pulsed rapidly to achieve ultrashort neutron bursts. The target may be moved rapidly up and down so that the average power deposited on the surface of the target may be kept at a reasonable level. The neutron generator can produce fast neutrons from a T-T reaction which can be used for luggage and cargo interrogation applications. A luggage or cargo inspection system has a pulsed T-T neutron generator or source at the center, surrounded by associated gamma detectors and other components for identifying explosives or other contraband.
Lothian, Josh; Powers, Sarah S; Sullivan, Blair D; Baker, Matthew B; Schrock, Jonathan; Poole, Stephen W
2013-12-01
The benchmarking effort within the Extreme Scale Systems Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory seeks to provide High Performance Computing benchmarks and test suites of interest to the DoD sponsor. The work described in this report is a part of the effort focusing on graph generation. A previously developed benchmark, SystemBurn, allowed the emulation of dierent application behavior profiles within a single framework. To complement this effort, similar capabilities are desired for graph-centric problems. This report examines existing synthetic graph generator implementations in preparation for further study on the properties of their generated synthetic graphs.
Synthetic guide star generation
Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Page, Ralph H. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA
2008-06-10
A system for assisting in observing a celestial object and providing synthetic guide star generation. A lasing system provides radiation at a frequency at or near 938 nm and radiation at a frequency at or near 1583 nm. The lasing system includes a fiber laser operating between 880 nm and 960 nm and a fiber laser operating between 1524 nm and 1650 nm. A frequency-conversion system mixes the radiation and generates light at a frequency at or near 589 nm. A system directs the light at a frequency at or near 589 nm toward the celestial object and provides synthetic guide star generation.
Synthetic guide star generation
Payne, Stephen A.; Page, Ralph H.; Ebbers, Christopher A.; Beach, Raymond J.
2004-03-09
A system for assisting in observing a celestial object and providing synthetic guide star generation. A lasing system provides radiation at a frequency at or near 938 nm and radiation at a frequency at or near 1583 nm. The lasing system includes a fiber laser operating between 880 nm and 960 nm and a fiber laser operating between 1524 nm and 1650 nm. A frequency-conversion system mixes the radiation and generates light at a frequency at or near 589 nm. A system directs the light at a frequency at or near 589 nm toward the celestial object and provides synthetic guide star generation.
Influence of Crystal Expansion/Contraction on Zeolite Membrane Permeation
Sorenson, Stephanie G; Payzant, E Andrew; Noble, Richard D; Falconer, John L.
2010-01-01
X-ray diffraction was used to measure the unit cell parameters of B-ZSM-5, SAPO-34, and NaA zeolite powders as a function of adsorbate loading at 303 K, and in one case, at elevated temperatures. Most adsorbates expanded the zeolite crystals below saturation loading at 303 K: n-hexane and SF6 in B-ZSM-5, methanol and CO2 in SAPO-34, and methanol in NaA zeolite. As the loadings increased, the crystals expanded more. Changes in the unit cell volumes of B-ZSM-5 and SAPO-34 zeolite powders correlated with changes in permeation through zeolite membranes defects. When the zeolite crystals expanded or contracted upon adsorption, the defect sizes decreased or increased. In B-ZSM-5 membranes, the fluxes through defects decreased dramatically when n-hexane or SF6 adsorbed. In contrast, i-butane adsorption at 303 K contracted B-ZSM-5 crystals at low loadings and expanded them at higher loadings. Correspondingly, the flux through B-ZSM-5 membrane defects increased at low i-butane loadings and decreased at high loading because the defects increased in size at low loading and decreased at high loadings. At 398 K and 473 K, n-hexane expanded the B-ZSM-5 unit cell more as the temperature increased from 303 to 473 K. The silicalite-1 and B-ZSM-5 unit cell volumes expanded similarly upon n-hexane adsorption at 303 K; boron substitution had little effect on volume expansion.
Finite Volume Cumulant Expansion in QCD-Colorless Plasma
M. Ladrem; M. A. A. Ahmed; Z. Al-Full; S. Cherif
2015-09-03
Due to the finite size effects, the localisation of the phase transition in finite systems and the determination of its order, become an extremely difficult task, even in the simplest known cases. In order to identify and locate the finite volume transition point $T_{0}(V)$ of the QCD deconfinement phase transition to a Colorless QGP, we have developed a new approach using the finite size cumulant expansion of the order parameter and the $L_{mn}$-method. The first six cumulants $C_{1,2,3,4,5,6}$ with the corresponding under-normalized ratios(skewness $\\Sigma$, kurtosis $\\kappa$ ,pentosis $\\Pi_{\\pm}$ and hexosis $\\mathcal{H}_{1,2,3}$) and three unnormalized combinations of them ($\\mathcal{O}={\\mathcal{\\sigma }^{2} \\mathcal{\\kappa } }{\\mathbf{\\Sigma }^{-1} }$, $\\mathcal{U} ={\\mathcal{\\sigma }^{-2} \\mathbf{\\Sigma }^{-1} }$, $\\mathcal{N} = \\mathcal{\\sigma }^{2} \\mathcal{\\kappa }$) are calculated and studied as functions of $(T,V)$. A new approach, unifying in a clear and consistent way the definitions of cumulant ratios, is proposed. A numerical FSS analysis of the obtained results has allowed us to locate accurately the finite volume transition point. The extracted transition temperature value $T_{0}(V)$ agrees with that expected $T_{0}^{N}(V)$ from the order parameter and the thermal susceptibility $\\chi _{T}\\left( T,V\\right)$, according to the standard procedure of localization to within about $2\\%$. In addition to this, a very good correlation factor is obtained proving the validity of our cumulants method. The agreement of our results with those obtained by means of other models is remarkable.
Burra G. Sidharth
2010-03-11
Modifications in the energy momentum dispersion laws due to a noncommutative geometry, have been considered in recent years. We examine the oscillations of extended objects in this perspective and find that there is now a "generation" of energy.
I. G. Knowles; T. Sjostrand; A. Blondel; A. Boehrer; C. D. Buchanan; D. G. Charlton; S. -L. Chu; S. Chun; G. Dissertori; D. Duchesneau; J. W. Gary; M. Gibbs; A. Grefrath; G. Gustafson; J. Hakkinen; K. Hamacher; K. Kato; L. Lonnblad; W. Metzger; R. Moller; T. Munehisa; R. Odorico; Y. Pei; G. Rudolph; S. Sarkar; M. H. Seymour; J. C. Thompson; S. Todorova; B. R. Webber
1996-01-04
This report is a survey on QCD Event Generator issues of relevance for LEP 2. It contains four main sections: a summary of experience from LEP 1, extrapolations to LEP 2 energies, Monte Carlo descriptions and standardization issues.
Contextualizing generative design
Arida, Saeed, 1977-
2004-01-01
Generative systems have been widely used to produce two- and three-dimensional constructs, in an attempt to escape from our preconceptions and pre-existing spatial language. The challenge is to use this mechanism in ...
Generating electricity from viruses
Lee, Seung-Wuk
2014-06-23
Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.
Fourth Generation Bound States
Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise
2011-05-25
We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of {\\bar q}'q' bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q') that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, \\lambda_{q'}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order \\lambda_{q'}^2N_c/16\\pi^2 where N_c is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c)^2. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.
Johanson, Edward W. (New Lenox, IL); Simms, Richard (Westmont, IL)
1981-01-01
A scram signal generating circuit for nuclear reactor installations monitors a flow signal representing the flow rate of the liquid sodium coolant which is circulated through the reactor, and initiates reactor shutdown for a rapid variation in the flow signal, indicative of fuel motion. The scram signal generating circuit includes a long-term drift compensation circuit which processes the flow signal and generates an output signal representing the flow rate of the coolant. The output signal remains substantially unchanged for small variations in the flow signal, attributable to long term drift in the flow rate, but a rapid change in the flow signal, indicative of a fast flow variation, causes a corresponding change in the output signal. A comparator circuit compares the output signal with a reference signal, representing a given percentage of the steady state flow rate of the coolant, and generates a scram signal to initiate reactor shutdown when the output signal equals the reference signal.
Vector generator scan converter
Moore, James M. (Livermore, CA); Leighton, James F. (Livermore, CA)
1990-01-01
High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O (input/output) channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardward for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold.
Vector generator scan converter
Moore, J.M.; Leighton, J.F.
1988-02-05
High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardware for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold. 7 figs.
Oscillating fluid power generator
Morris, David C
2014-02-25
A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.
Generating electricity from viruses
Lee, Seung-Wuk
2013-10-31
Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.
Biomass for Electricity Generation
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2002-01-01
This paper examines issues affecting the uses of biomass for electricity generation. The methodology used in the National Energy Modeling System to account for various types of biomass is discussed, and the underlying assumptions are explained.
Innovative Self- Generating Projects
Kelly, L.
2013-01-01
? All rights reserved. Case Studies on Canadian Customer Generation Projects Innovative Self-Generation Projects Liam Kelly, M.A.Sc, CMVP Energy Engineer Willis Energy Services A CLEAResult company ESL-IE-13-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity...-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 ? 2013 CLEAResult ? All rights reserved. Overcoming Challenges ? Look for innovative opportunities ? Leverage available incentives ? Quantify other...
Expansion analyses of strategic petroleum reserve in Bayou Choctaw : revised locations.
Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon
2010-11-01
This report summarizes a series of three-dimensional simulations for the Bayou Choctaw Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The U.S. Department of Energy plans to leach two new caverns and convert one of the existing caverns within the Bayou Choctaw salt dome to expand its petroleum reserve storage capacity. An existing finite element mesh from previous analyses is modified by changing the locations of two caverns. The structural integrity of the three expansion caverns and the interaction between all the caverns in the dome are investigated. The impacts of the expansion on underground creep closure, surface subsidence, infrastructure, and well integrity are quantified. Two scenarios were used for the duration and timing of workover conditions where wellhead pressures are temporarily reduced to atmospheric pressure. The three expansion caverns are predicted to be structurally stable against tensile failure for both scenarios. Dilatant failure is not expected within the vicinity of the expansion caverns. Damage to surface structures is not predicted and there is not a marked increase in surface strains due to the presence of the three expansion caverns. The wells into the caverns should not undergo yield. The results show that from a structural viewpoint, the locations of the two newly proposed expansion caverns are acceptable, and all three expansion caverns can be safely constructed and operated.
Taghizadeh, Rouzbeh R
2006-01-01
Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a long-standing challenge faced by both researchers and clinicians. To date, no robust, efficient method for the pure, ex vivo expansion of human HSCs has been ...
21SPIRAL LIBRARY GENERATOR SPIRAL: A GENERATOR FOR
Moura, José
21SPIRAL LIBRARY GENERATOR SPIRAL: A GENERATOR FOR PLATFORM-ADAPTED LIBRARIES OF SIGNAL PROCESSING Manuela Veloso6 Robert W. Johnson7 Abstract SPIRAL is a generator for libraries of fast software imple perform- ance of SPIRAL generated code. Key words: program generation, automatic performance tuning
Generating a Generator Department of Computer and Information Sciences
Gray, Jeffrey G.
Generating a Generator Jeff Gray Department of Computer and Information Sciences University. A key to this future work will be the generation of a generator from an XML DTD or schema. 1 for crosscutting modeling concerns, a combination of an aspect-oriented [6] and generative programming [2] approach
A KNOWLEDGE-BASED CODE GENERATOR GENERATOR Christopher W. Fraser %
Fraser, Christopher W.
A KNOWLEDGE-BASED CODE GENERATOR GENERATOR Christopher W. Fraser % Department of Computer Science a good local code generator for an ALGOL-like language. It is organized as a production system of rules generation of compilers. Automatic generation of some compiler modules is already available; for example
The GREET Model Expansion for Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Cai, Hao; Burnham, Andrew; Wang, Michael; Hang, Wen; Vyas, Anant
2015-05-01
Heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) account for a significant portion of the U.S. transportation sector’s fuel consumption, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and air pollutant emissions. In our most recent efforts, we expanded the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREETTM) model to include life-cycle analysis of HDVs. In particular, the GREET expansion includes the fuel consumption, GHG emissions, and air pollutant emissions of a variety of conventional (i.e., diesel and/or gasoline) HDV types, including Class 8b combination long-haul freight trucks, Class 8b combination short-haul freight trucks, Class 8b dump trucks, Class 8a refuse trucks, Class 8a transit buses, Class 8a intercity buses, Class 6 school buses, Class 6 single-unit delivery trucks, Class 4 single-unit delivery trucks, and Class 2b heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans. These vehicle types were selected to represent the diversity in the U.S. HDV market, and specific weight classes and body types were chosen on the basis of their fuel consumption using the 2002 Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) database. VIUS was also used to estimate the fuel consumption and payload carried for most of the HDV types. In addition, fuel economy projections from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, transit databases, and the literature were examined. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s latest Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator was employed to generate tailpipe air pollutant emissions of diesel and gasoline HDV types.
Representation of Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-03-01
An important issue for electricity system operators is the estimation of renewables' capacity contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to the resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly assessment of the Effective Load-Carrying Capacity, are considered to be the most robust and widely-accepted techniques for addressing this resource variability. This report compares estimates of solar PV capacity value by the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model against two sources. The first comparison is against values published by utilities or other entities for known electrical systems at existing solar penetration levels. The second comparison is against a time-series ELCC simulation tool for high renewable penetration scenarios in the Western Interconnection. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons, despite being resolved at a super-hourly temporal resolution. Two results are relevant for other capacity-based models that use a super-hourly resolution to model solar capacity value. First, solar capacity value should not be parameterized as a static value, but must decay with increasing penetration. This is because -- for an afternoon-peaking system -- as solar penetration increases, the system's peak net load shifts to later in the day -- when solar output is lower. Second, long-term planning models should determine system adequacy requirements in each time period in order to approximate LOLP calculations. Within the ReEDS model we resolve these issues by using a capacity value estimate that varies by time-slice. Within each time period the net load and shadow price on ReEDS's planning reserve constraint signals the relative importance of additional firm capacity.
Hamaguchi, K.; Yamashita, I.; Hirata, K.
1998-07-01
The flow losses in the regenerators greatly influence the performance of the Stirling engine. The losses mainly depend on fluid friction through the regenerator matrix, but are also generated in sudden expansion and contraction flow at the regenerator ends. The latter losses can't be neglected in the case of small area ratio (entrance area/cross-sectional area in regenerator). The pressure drops in regenerators are usually estimated assuming a uniform velocity distribution of working gas in the matrices. The estimation results, however, are generally smaller than practical data. The cross-sectional flow areas of the heater and cooler of typical Stirling engines are smaller than the cross- sectional area of the regenerator. The effects of the small flow passage on the velocity distribution of working fluid in the matrix, that is, a flow transition from tubes or channels to a regenerator matrix, can be often confirmed by the discolored matrix. Especially, the lack of a uniform distribution of velocity in the matrix causes increased flow loss and decreased thermal performance. So, it is necessary to understand the quantitative effects of the sudden change in flow area at the regenerator ends on the velocity distribution and pressure drop. In this paper, using matrices made of stacks of wire screens, the effects of the entrance and exit areas and the length of the regenerator on pressure drops are examined by an unidirectional steady flow apparatus. The experimental data are arranged in an empirical equation. The lack of a uniformity of velocity distribution is visualized using smoke-wire methods. The empirical equation presented is applied to the estimation of pressure loss in an actual engine regenerator. The applicability of the equation is examined by comparison of estimated value with engine data in pressure loss.
Using Backup Generators: Choosing the Right Backup Generator...
overheated, which may cause the generator to fail. Make sure your generator produces more power than will be drawn by the electrical devices you connect to the generator, including...
Superconducting thermoelectric generator
Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.
1994-01-01
Thermoelectricity is produced by applying a temperature differential to dissimilar electrically conducting or semiconducting materials, thereby producing a voltage that is proportional to the temperature difference. Thermoelectric generators use this effect to directly convert heat into electricity; however, presently-known generators have low efficiencies due to the production of high currents which in turn cause large resistive heating losses. Some thermoelectric generators operate at efficiencies between 4% and 7% in the 800{degrees} to 1200{degrees}C range. According to its major aspects and bradly stated, the present invention is an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. In particular, the invention is a thermoelectric generator that juxtaposes a superconducting material and a semiconducting material - so that the superconducting and the semiconducting materials touch - to convert heat energy into electrical energy without resistive losses in the temperature range below the critical temperature of the superconducting material. Preferably, an array of superconducting material is encased in one of several possible configurations within a second material having a high thermal conductivity, preferably a semiconductor, to form a thermoelectric generator.
Petrick, Michael (Joliet, IL); Pierson, Edward S. (Chicago, IL); Schreiner, Felix (Mokena, IL)
1980-01-01
According to the present invention, coal combustion gas is the primary working fluid and copper or a copper alloy is the electrodynamic fluid in the MHD generator, thereby eliminating the heat exchangers between the combustor and the liquid-metal MHD working fluids, allowing the use of a conventional coalfired steam bottoming plant, and making the plant simpler, more efficient and cheaper. In operation, the gas and liquid are combined in a mixer and the resulting two-phase mixture enters the MHD generator. The MHD generator acts as a turbine and electric generator in one unit wherein the gas expands, drives the liquid across the magnetic field and thus generates electrical power. The gas and liquid are separated, and the available energy in the gas is recovered before the gas is exhausted to the atmosphere. Where the combustion gas contains sulfur, oxygen is bubbled through a side loop to remove sulfur therefrom as a concentrated stream of sulfur dioxide. The combustor is operated substoichiometrically to control the oxide level in the copper.
Fischer, Noah A.
2012-08-14
The reactor core input generator allows for MCNP input files to be tailored to design specifications and generated in seconds. Full reactor models can now easily be created by specifying a small set of parameters and generating an MCNP input for a full reactor core. Axial zoning of the core will allow for density variation in the fuel and moderator, with pin-by-pin fidelity, so that BWR cores can more accurately be modeled. LWR core work in progress: (1) Reflectivity option for specifying 1/4, 1/2, or full core simulation; (2) Axial zoning for moderator densities that vary with height; (3) Generating multiple types of assemblies for different fuel enrichments; and (4) Parameters for specifying BWR box walls. Fuel pin work in progress: (1) Radial and azimuthal zoning for generating further unique materials in fuel rods; (2) Options for specifying different types of fuel for MOX or multiple burn assemblies; (3) Additional options for replacing fuel rods with burnable poison rods; and (4) Control rod/blade modeling.
FIRST-GENERATION COLLEGE STUDENTS
Su, Xiao
FIRST-GENERATION COLLEGE STUDENTS PROGRAM AT SAN JOSÉ STATE UNIVERSITY INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING OUR WEBSITE: sjsu.edu/studentaffairs/ current_students/first- generation/generate We are currently located in MOD A in the MOSAIC Cross- Cultural Center. Visit us today! WHAT IS GENERATE? GENERATE
Mills, Andrew
2010-01-01
Marginal Production Cost Generation as Percent of Resourcezone (considering generation costs and transmission costs),about transmission costs and different generation profiles.
Mills, Andrew D
2011-01-01
on the costs and impacts of intermittent generation on theunadjusted) delivered cost as the generation (or bus-barcapital and operating cost of the generation facility, the
Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator
Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.
1984-11-16
A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.
Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator
Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)
1986-01-01
A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1,000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.
Leung, Ka-Ngo
2006-11-21
A spherical neutron generator is formed with a small spherical target and a spherical shell RF-driven plasma ion source surrounding the target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) ion plasma is produced by RF excitation in the plasma ion source using an RF antenna. The plasma generation region is a spherical shell between an outer chamber and an inner extraction electrode. A spherical neutron generating target is at the center of the chamber and is biased negatively with respect to the extraction electrode which contains many holes. Ions passing through the holes in the extraction electrode are focused onto the target which produces neutrons by D-D or D-T reactions.
Micromechanics analysis of thermal expansion and thermal pressurization of a hardened cement paste
Ghabezloo, Siavash
2011-01-01
The results of a macro-scale experimental study of the effect of heating on a fluid-saturated hardened cement paste are analysed using a multi-scale homogenization model. The analysis of the experimental results revealed that the thermal expansion coefficient of the cement paste pore fluid is anomalously higher than the one of pure bulk water. The micromechanics model is calibrated using the results of drained and undrained heating tests and permits the extrapolation of the experimentally evaluated thermal expansion and thermal pressurization parameters to cement pastes with different water-to-cement ratios. It permits also to calculate the pore volume thermal expansion coefficient f a which is difficult to evaluate experimentally. The anomalous pore fluid thermal expansion is also analysed using the micromechanics model.
Jordan, Rhonda LeNai
2013-01-01
This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...
Pressurized heat treatment of glass-ceramic to control thermal expansion
Kramer, Daniel P. (Dayton, OH)
1985-01-01
A method of producing a glass-ceramic having a specified thermal expansion value is disclosed. The method includes the step of pressurizing the parent glass material to a predetermined pressure during heat treatment so that the glass-ceramic produced has a specified thermal expansion value. Preferably, the glass-ceramic material is isostatically pressed. A method for forming a strong glass-ceramic to metal seal is also disclosed in which the glass-ceramic is fabricated to have a thermal expansion value equal to that of the metal. The determination of the thermal expansion value of a parent glass material placed in a high-temperature environment is also used to determine the pressure in the environment.
Supply chain design and site selection for the expansion of international manufacturing capacity
Constantine, Aimée E. (Aimée Elizabeth)
2009-01-01
The research conducted for this thesis was performed at "Company X", a U.S.-based engineered goods manufacturer. This project focused on Company X's overall manufacturing strategy, with an emphasis on how global expansion ...
A simple way to the high-temperature expansion of relativistic Fermi-Dirac integrals
Khvorostukhin, A S
2015-01-01
The pressure of an ideal relativistic Fermi gas is computed as an infinite series for high temperatures. Expansion of the particle number density, the scalar density, and the entropy density as first derivatives of the pressure is also found.
Bertels, Koen
Flexible Pipelining Design for Recursive Variable Expansion Zubair Nawaz, Thomas Marconi, Koen area by doing loops parallelization with extensive use of pipelining. This paper presents an automated flexible pipeline design algorithm for our unique acceleration technique called Recursive Variable
Mitsis, Georgios
the Laguerre expansion coefficients utilizing least- squares estimation in connection with discrete , which determines the rate of exponential decay. This selection is typically made by trial and dy- namic range of system operation. Among several approaches suggested for the estimation
Decay of theX(3872)into?cJand the operator product expansion...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Decay of theX(3872)intocJand the operator product expansion in effective field theory Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Decay of theX(3872)intocJand the operator...
Operator Product Expansion for Pure Spinor Superstring on AdS(5)*S(5)
Valentina Giangreco M. Puletti
2006-07-16
The tree-level operator product expansion coefficients of the matter currents are calculated in the pure spinor formalism for type IIB superstring in the AdS(5)*S(5) background.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The petroleum-based transportation fuel system is complex and highly developed, in contrast to the nascent low-petroleum, low-carbon alternative fuel system. This report examines how expansion of the low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure could contribute to deep reductions in petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the U.S. transportation sector. Three low-carbon scenarios, each using a different combination of low-carbon fuels, were developed to explore infrastructure expansion trends consistent with a study goal of reducing transportation sector GHG emissions to 80% less than 2005 levels by 2050.These scenarios were compared to a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario and were evaluated with respect to four criteria: fuel cost estimates, resource availability, fuel production capacity expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion.
Zhang, Xiong
2005-11-01
to perform uncoupled two or three dimensional consolidation calculation for both expansive soils and collapsible soils. From the analysis, the equivalent effective stress and excessive pore water pressure can be easily calculated. At the same time...
Temperature as a driver for the expansion of the microalga Gonyostomum semen in Swedish lakes
Temperature as a driver for the expansion of the microalga Gonyostomum semen in Swedish lakes Karin is an example of invasive harmful microalgae (Neilan et al., 2003). Another presumably invasive species
Akarsu, Özgür [Department of Physics, Koç University, 34450 Sariyer, ?stanbul (Turkey); Kumar, Suresh [Department of Mathematics, BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus, Rajasthan-333031 (India); Myrzakulov, R.; Sami, M. [Centre of Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025 (India); Xu, Lixin, E-mail: oakarsu@ku.edu.tr, E-mail: sukuyd@gmail.com, E-mail: rmyrzakulov@gmail.com, E-mail: samijamia@gmail.com, E-mail: lxxu@dlut.edu.cn [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024 (China)
2014-01-01
In this paper, we consider a simple form of expansion history of Universe referred to as the hybrid expansion law - a product of power-law and exponential type of functions. The ansatz by construction mimics the power-law and de Sitter cosmologies as special cases but also provides an elegant description of the transition from deceleration to cosmic acceleration. We point out the Brans-Dicke realization of the cosmic history under consideration. We construct potentials for quintessence, phantom and tachyon fields, which can give rise to the hybrid expansion law in general relativity. We investigate observational constraints on the model with hybrid expansion law applied to late time acceleration as well as to early Universe a la nucleosynthesis.
Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
0-161-LNG Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 10-161-LNG On May 17, 2013, the Office of Fossil Energy of the Department of Energy (DOEFE) issued...
SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTIO...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
2014 April 2015 October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 11-161-LNG - ORDER 3357...
Transmission System Expansion Plans in View Point of Deterministic, Probabilistic and Security reliability criterion, probabilistic reliability criterion and security criterion based on N- contingency control system as well as reasonable strength of grid originally. Because investment for power system
Graph Expansion Analysis for Communication Costs of Fast Rectangular Matrix Multiplication
California at Berkeley, University of
Graph Expansion Analysis for Communication Costs of Fast Rectangular Matrix Multiplication Grey analysis of computational DAGs is useful for obtaining communication cost lower bounds where previous to fast algorithms for rectangular matrix multiplication, obtaining a new class of communication cost
BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP
Roma "La Sapienza", Università di
BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12; 2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework
BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP
Gentile, Guido
BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12;2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework
ASYMPTOTIC AND INCREASING PROPAGATION OF CHAOS EXPANSIONS FOR GENEALOGICAL PARTICLE MODELS
Del Moral , Pierre
ASYMPTOTIC AND INCREASING PROPAGATION OF CHAOS EXPANSIONS FOR GENEALOGICAL PARTICLE MODELS PIERRE with genealogical tree models. Applications to nonlinear filtering problems and interacting Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms are discussed. Key words. Interacting particle systems, historical and genealogical tree models
Fritz, Robert J. (Schenectady, NY)
1986-01-01
A flowmeter is provided which uses the sidetones generated in a cavity formed in the wall of a flowpipe or the like in response to fluid flowing past the cavity to provide a measure of the flow velocity of that fluid. The dimensions of the cavity are such as to provide a dominant vibratory frequency which is sensed by a pressure sensor. The flowmeter is adapted for use for a range of frequencies in which the Strouhal number is constant and under these conditions the vibratory frequency is directly related to the flow rate. The tone generator cavity and pressure transducer form a unit which is connected in-line in the flowpipe.
External split field generator
Thundat, Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)
2012-02-21
A generator includes a coil disposed about a core. A first stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a first end portion of the core and a second stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a second end portion of core. The first and second stationary magnetic field sources apply a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An external magnetic field source may be disposed outside the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. Electrical energy is generated in response to an interaction between the coil, the moving magnetic field, and the stationary magnetic field.
Quantum random number generator
M. Stipcevic; B. Medved Rogina
2007-01-01
We report upon a novel principle for realization of a fast nondeterministic random number generator whose randomness relies on intrinsic randomness of the quantum physical processes of photonic emission in semiconductors and subsequent detection by the photoelectric effect. Timing information of detected photons is used to generate binary random digits-bits. The bit extraction method based on restartable clock theoretically eliminates both bias and autocorrelation while reaching efficiency of almost 0.5 bits per random event. A prototype has been built and statistically tested.
Temme, N.M.
1987-11-01
The analytical approach of Temme (1983 and 1985), based on uniform asymptotic expansions, is extended to an additional class of incomplete Laplace integrals. The terminology is introduced; the construction of the formal series is explained; representations for the remainders are derived; the asymptotic nature of the expansions is explored; and error bounds are determined. Numerical results are presented for the case of the incomplete beta function. 14 references.
The hybrid Seiberg-Witten map, its $?$-exact expansion and the antifield formalism
C. P. Martin; David G. Navarro
2015-09-18
We deduce an evolution equation for an arbitrary hybrid Seiberg-Witten map for compact gauge groups by using the antifield formalism. We show how this evolution equation can be used to obtain the hybrid Seiberg-Witten map as an expansion, which is $\\theta$-exact, in the number of ordinary fields. We compute explicitly this expansion up to order three in the number of ordinary gauge fields and then particularize it to case of the Higgs of the noncommutative Standard Model.
Coburn, Jordan McQuade
2010-10-12
FACTORS REGULATING THE POPULATION EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION OF AMBLYOMMA MACULATUM (ACARI: IXODIDAE) IN TEXAS A Thesis by JORDAN MCQUADE COBURN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Entomology METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS REGULATING THE POPULATION EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION OF AMBLYOMMA MACULATUM (ACARI: IXODIDAE) IN TEXAS A Thesis by JORDAN...
Options for Generating Steam Efficiently
Ganapathy, V.
1996-01-01
This paper describes how plant engineers can efficiently generate steam when there are steam generators and Heat Recovery Steam Generators in their plant. The process consists of understanding the performance characteristics of the various equipment...
The Generation Effect and Memory
Rosner, Zachary Alexander
2012-01-01
M. A. (2007). The generation effect: A meta- analyticBjork, R. A. (1988). The generation effect: Support for aE. J. (2012). The next generation: The value of reminding.
A Parallelized Hash Generator System
EDA385 A Parallelized Hash Generator System Niklas AldÂ´en ael10nal@student.lu.se Gabriel J cracker uses the MD5 hash function to generate a hash from a random generated character sequence
Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects
Ryder, Barbara G.
Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects Cody Henthorne tilevich@cs.vt.edu Abstract Commercial of-the-shelf (COTS) code generators have become an integral part of modern commercial software development. Programmers use code generators to facilitate many tedious
Growth of Cosmic Structure: Probing Dark Energy Beyond Expansion
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Huterer, Dragan; Kirkby, David; Bean, Rachel; Connolly, Andrew; Dawson, Kyle; Dodelson, Scott; University of Chicago, Department of Physics & Astrophysics, Chicago, IL; Evrard, August; Jain, Bhuvnesh; Jarvis, Michael; et al
2014-03-15
The quantity and quality of cosmic structure observations have greatly accelerated in recent years, and further leaps forward will be facilitated by imminent projects. These will enable us to map the evolution of dark and baryonic matter density fluctuations over cosmic history. The way that these fluctuations vary over space and time is sensitive to several pieces of fundamental physics: the primordial perturbations generated by GUT-scale physics; neutrino masses and interactions; the nature of dark matter and dark energy. We focus on the last of these here: the ways that combining probes of growth with those of the cosmic expansionmore »such as distance-redshift relations will pin down the mechanism driving the acceleration of the Universe.« less
Fourth generation bound states
Ishiwata, Koji; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91125 (United States)
2011-04-01
We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of q{sup '}q{sup '} bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q{sup '}) that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, {lambda}{sub q}{sup '}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order {lambda}{sub q}{sup '2}N{sub c}/16{pi}{sup 2} where N{sub c} is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c){sup 2}. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.
GENERATIVE AND DISCRIMINATIVE CLASSIFIERS
Baltes, Jacky
CHAPTER 1 GENERATIVE AND DISCRIMINATIVE CLASSIFIERS: NAIVE BAYES AND LOGISTIC REGRESSION Machine, or equivalently P(Y|X). To begin, we will assume Y is a boolean-valued random variable, and X is a vector) where ym represents the mth possible value for Y, and where the summation in the denominator is over all
GENERATIVE AND DISCRIMINATIVE CLASSIFIERS
Mitchell, Tom
CHAPTER 3 GENERATIVE AND DISCRIMINATIVE CLASSIFIERS: NAIVE BAYES AND LOGISTIC REGRESSION Machine, or equivalently P(Y|X). To begin, we will assume Y is a boolean-valued random variable, and X is a vector. Mitchell. 2 where ym denotes the mth possible value for Y, xk denotes the kth possible vector value for X
Generating Resources Advisory Committee
Generating Resources Advisory Committee May 28, 2014 Steve Simmons Gillian Charles #12;2 9:30 AM plants 10:45 AM Break 11:00 AM Peaking Technologies Continued... 11:30 AM Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine and Utility Scale Solar PV Reference plant updates Levelized cost of energy 12:00 PM Lunch
Generating Resources Advisory Committee
Generating Resources Advisory Committee February 27, 2014 Steven Simmons and Gillian Charles Upcoming Symposium 9:15 am Natural Gas Peaking Technologies Technology Trends Proposed reference plant Costing, Economies of Scale, Normalizations Reference Plants 12:30 pm Discussion of Next GRAC Meetings
B. V. Vasiliev
2001-10-29
It is a current opinion that thermonuclear fusion is the main source of the star activity. It is shown below that this source is not unique. There is another electrostatic mechanism of the energy generation which accompanies thermonuclear fusion. Probably, this approach can solve the solar neutrino problem.
Volcanoes generate devastating waves
Lockridge, P. (National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, CO (USA))
1988-01-01
Although volcanic eruptions can cause many frightening phenomena, it is often the power of the sea that causes many volcano-related deaths. This destruction comes from tsunamis (huge volcano-generated waves). Roughly one-fourth of the deaths occurring during volcanic eruptions have been the result of tsunamis. Moreover, a tsunami can transmit the volcano's energy to areas well outside the reach of the eruption itself. Some historic records are reviewed. Refined historical data are increasingly useful in predicting future events. The U.S. National Geophysical Data Center/World Data Center A for Solid Earth Geophysics has developed data bases to further tsunami research. These sets of data include marigrams (tide gage records), a wave-damage slide set, digital source data, descriptive material, and a tsunami wall map. A digital file contains information on methods of tsunami generation, location, and magnitude of generating earthquakes, tsunami size, event validity, and references. The data can be used to describe areas mot likely to generate tsunamis and the locations along shores that experience amplified effects from tsunamis.
Treves, S.; Cheng, C.C.
1988-03-08
Potassium osmate, of the formula K[sub 2]OsO[sub 2](OH)[sub 4], is used to make a column for the generation of Ir-191 m, which is used in first pass angiography to detect cardiac defects in patients. 2 figs.
The cool component and the dichotomy, lateral expansion, and axial rotation of solar X-ray jets
Moore, Ronald L.; Sterling, Alphonse C.; Falconer, David A.; Robe, Dominic
2013-06-01
We present results from a study of 54 polar X-ray jets that were observed in coronal X-ray movies from the X-ray Telescope on Hinode and had simultaneous coverage in movies of the cooler transition region (T ? 10{sup 5} K) taken in the He II 304 Å band of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on Solar Dynamics Observatory. These dual observations verify the standard-jet/blowout-jet dichotomy of polar X-ray jets previously found primarily from XRT movies alone. In accord with models of blowout jets and standard jets, the AIA 304 Å movies show a cool (T ? 10{sup 5} K) component in nearly all blowout X-ray jets and in a small minority of standard X-ray jets, obvious lateral expansion in blowout X-ray jets but none in standard X-ray jets, and obvious axial rotation in both blowout X-ray jets and standard X-ray jets. In our sample, the number of turns of axial rotation in the cool-component standard X-ray jets is typical of that in the blowout X-ray jets, suggesting that the closed bipolar magnetic field in the jet base has substantial twist not only in all blowout X-ray jets but also in many standard X-ray jets. We point out that our results for the dichotomy, lateral expansion, and axial rotation of X-ray jets add credence to published speculation that type-II spicules are miniature analogs of X-ray jets, are generated by granule-size emerging bipoles, and thereby carry enough energy to power the corona and solar wind.
GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS
Burness, Tim
GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS TIMOTHY C. BURNESS of generators for G. It is well known that d(G) = 2 for all (non-abelian) finite simple groups. We prove that d investigate the random generation of maximal subgroups of simple and almost simple groups. By applying
SACCADE GENERATOR AND SACCADE RESET 7.1. Saccade Generator
Grossberg, Stephen
CHAPTER 7 SACCADE GENERATOR AND SACCADE RESET 7.1. Saccade Generator In Section 2.5, we described learning requirements that suggest the need for a saccade generator (SG). An SG must be capable of shutting, moreover, change as a systematic function of SG input, not only to generate sa.:cades in response
Engineering a Simple, Efficient Code-Generator Generator
Fraser, Christopher W.
Engineering a Simple, Efficient Code-Generator Generator CHRISTOPHER W, FRASER AT& TBell Laboratories DAVID R. HANSON Princeton University and TODD A. PROEBSTING The University of Arizona Many code-generator generators use tree pattern matching and dynamic programming. This paper describes a simple program
GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt
2000-05-01
A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.
Power System Modeling of 20percent Wind-Generated Electricity by 2030
Bolinger, Mark A; Hand, Maureen; Blair, Nate; Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Hern, Tracy; Miller, Bart; O'Connell, R.
2008-06-09
The Wind Energy Deployment System model was used to estimate the costs and benefits associated with producing 20% of the nation's electricity from wind technology by 2030. This generation capacity expansion model selects from electricity generation technologies that include pulverized coal plants, combined cycle natural gas plants, combustion turbine natural gas plants, nuclear plants, and wind technology to meet projected demand in future years. Technology cost and performance projections, as well as transmission operation and expansion costs, are assumed. This study demonstrates that producing 20% of the nation's projected electricity demand in 2030 from wind technology is technically feasible, not cost-prohibitive, and provides benefits in the forms of carbon emission reductions, natural gas price reductions, and water savings.
Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator
Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.
1986-07-08
A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator is described comprising a magnet having a magnetic field, an elongate hollow housing containing an electrically conductive liquid and a thermoacoustic structure positioned in the liquid, heat exchange means thermally connected to the thermoacoustic structure for inducing the liquid to oscillate at an acoustic resonant frequency within the housing. The housing is positioned in the magnetic field and oriented such that the direction of the magnetic field and the direction of oscillatory motion of the liquid are substantially orthogonal to one another, first and second electrical conductor means connected to the liquid on opposite sides of the housing along an axis which is substantially orthogonal to both the direction of the magnetic field and the direction of oscillatory motion of the liquid, an alternating current output signal is generated in the conductor means at a frequency corresponding to the frequency of the oscillatory motion of the liquid.
Calibrated vapor generator source
Davies, J.P.; Larson, R.A.; Goodrich, L.D.; Hall, H.J.; Stoddard, B.D.; Davis, S.G.; Kaser, T.G.; Conrad, F.J.
1995-09-26
A portable vapor generator is disclosed that can provide a controlled source of chemical vapors, such as, narcotic or explosive vapors. This source can be used to test and calibrate various types of vapor detection systems by providing a known amount of vapors to the system. The vapor generator is calibrated using a reference ion mobility spectrometer. A method of providing this vapor is described, as follows: explosive or narcotic is deposited on quartz wool, placed in a chamber that can be heated or cooled (depending on the vapor pressure of the material) to control the concentration of vapors in the reservoir. A controlled flow of air is pulsed over the quartz wool releasing a preset quantity of vapors at the outlet. 10 figs.
Calibrated vapor generator source
Davies, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Larson, Ronald A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Goodrich, Lorenzo D. (Shelley, ID); Hall, Harold J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stoddard, Billy D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Davis, Sean G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kaser, Timothy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Conrad, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM)
1995-01-01
A portable vapor generator is disclosed that can provide a controlled source of chemical vapors, such as, narcotic or explosive vapors. This source can be used to test and calibrate various types of vapor detection systems by providing a known amount of vapors to the system. The vapor generator is calibrated using a reference ion mobility spectrometer. A method of providing this vapor is described, as follows: explosive or narcotic is deposited on quartz wool, placed in a chamber that can be heated or cooled (depending on the vapor pressure of the material) to control the concentration of vapors in the reservoir. A controlled flow of air is pulsed over the quartz wool releasing a preset quantity of vapors at the outlet.
Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea
Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janye; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja
2011-03-20
To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed to systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.
Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea
Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janey; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja
2011-06-02
To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed at systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99 percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.
Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Under the Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption, the following facilities are exempt from the replacement tax:
Fuel cell generator energy dissipator
Veyo, Stephen Emery (Murrysville, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey Todd (Valencia, PA); Gordon, John Thomas (Ambridge, PA); Shockling, Larry Anthony (Pittsburgh, PA)
2000-01-01
An apparatus and method are disclosed for eliminating the chemical energy of fuel remaining in a fuel cell generator when the electrical power output of the fuel cell generator is terminated. During a generator shut down condition, electrically resistive elements are automatically connected across the fuel cell generator terminals in order to draw current, thereby depleting the fuel
Brown, Ian G. (1088 Woodside Rd., Berkeley, CA 94708); Galvin, James (2 Commodore #276, Emeryville, CA 94608)
1987-01-01
An ion generating apparatus utilizing a vacuum chamber, a cathode and an anode in the chamber. A source of electrical power produces an arc or discharge between the cathode and anode. The arc is sufficient to vaporize a portion of the cathode to form a plasma. The plasma is directed to an extractor which separates the electrons from the plasma, and accelerates the ions to produce an ion beam.
Brown, I.G.; Galvin, J.
1987-12-22
An ion generating apparatus utilizing a vacuum chamber, a cathode and an anode in the chamber. A source of electrical power produces an arc or discharge between the cathode and anode. The arc is sufficient to vaporize a portion of the cathode to form a plasma. The plasma is directed to an extractor which separates the electrons from the plasma, and accelerates the ions to produce an ion beam. 10 figs.
Stinnett, R.W.
1984-05-08
A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions. 8 figs.
Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)
1985-01-01
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").
Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.
1982-06-10
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).
Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation
Halberg, Gabrielle Manya
2013-01-01
that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg
Meacher, John S. (Ballston Lake, NY); Ruscitto, David E. (Ballston Spa, NY)
1982-01-01
A Rankine cycle turbine drives an electric generator and a feed pump, all on a single shaft, and all enclosed within a hermetically sealed case. The shaft is vertically oriented with the turbine exhaust directed downward and the shaft is supported on hydrodynamic fluid film bearings using the process fluid as lubricant and coolant. The selection of process fluid, type of turbine, operating speed, system power rating, and cycle state points are uniquely coordinated to achieve high turbine efficiency at the temperature levels imposed by the recovery of waste heat from the more prevalent industrial processes.
Cahaya, Adam B.; Tretiakov, O. A. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Bauer, Gerrit E. W. [Institute for Materials Research and WPI-AIMR, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Kavli Institute of NanoScience, TU Delft Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands)
2014-01-27
We derive expressions for the efficiency and figure of merit of two spin caloritronic devices based on the spin Seebeck effect (SSE), i.e., the generation of spin currents by a temperature gradient. The inverse spin Hall effect is conventionally used to detect the SSE and offers advantages for large area applications. We also propose a device that converts spin current into electric one by means of a spin-valve detector, which scales favorably to small sizes and approaches a figure of merit of 0.5 at room temperature.
Computer generated holographic microtags
Sweatt, W.C.
1998-03-17
A microlithographic tag comprising an array of individual computer generated holographic patches having feature sizes between 250 and 75 nanometers is disclosed. The tag is a composite hologram made up of the individual holographic patches and contains identifying information when read out with a laser of the proper wavelength and at the proper angles of probing and reading. The patches are fabricated in a steep angle Littrow readout geometry to maximize returns in the -1 diffracted order. The tags are useful as anti-counterfeiting markers because of the extreme difficulty in reproducing them. 5 figs.
Guttman, Tony
high- and low-temperature expansions P. Butera* and M. Comi Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare high-temperature expansions with the low-temperature expansions derived some time ago by Enting of limited accuracy such as, stochastic simulations, series expansions, or transfer-matrix calculations
Barrash, Warren
immigration reform and Medicaid expansion to national parks management, regional transportation issues
Apparatus and method for measuring the expansion properties of a cement composition
Spangle, Lloyd B. (Claremore, OK)
1983-01-01
An apparatus is disclosed which is useful for measuring the expansion properties of semi-solid materials which expand to a solid phase, upon curing, such as cement compositions. The apparatus includes a sleeve, preferably cylindrical, which has a vertical slit on one side, to allow the sleeve to expand. Mounted on the outside of the sleeve are several sets of pins, consisting of two pins each. The two pins in each set are located on opposite sides of the slit. In the test procedure, the sleeve is filled with wet cement, which is then cured to a solid. As the cement cures it causes the sleeve to expand. The actual expansion of the sleeve represents an expansion factor for the cement. This factor is calculated by measuring the distance across the pins of each set, when the sleeve is empty, and again after the cured cement expands the sleeve.
Large-Spin and Large-Winding Expansions of Giant Magnons and Single Spikes
Emmanuel Floratos; Georgios Linardopoulos
2015-11-11
We generalize the method of our recent paper on the large-spin expansions of Gubser-Klebanov-Polyakov (GKP) strings to the large-spin and large-winding expansions of finite-size giant magnons and finite-size single spikes. By expressing the energies of long open strings in RxS2 in terms of Lambert's W-function, we compute the leading, subleading and next-to-subleading series of classical exponential corrections to the dispersion relations of Hofman-Maldacena giant magnons and infinite-winding single spikes. We also compute the corresponding expansions in the doubled regions of giant magnons and single spikes that are respectively obtained when their angular and linear velocities become smaller or greater than unity.
Reducing gas generators and methods for generating a reducing gas
Scotto, Mark Vincent; Perna, Mark Anthony
2015-11-03
One embodiment of the present invention is a unique reducing gas generator. Another embodiment is a unique method for generating a reducing gas. Other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for generating reducing gas. Further embodiments, forms, features, aspects, benefits, and advantages of the present application will become apparent from the description and figures provided herewith.
Single Scale Cluster Expansions with Applications to Many Boson and Unbounded Spin Systems
Martin Lohmann
2014-11-04
We develop a cluster expansion to show exponential decay of correlations for quite general single scale spin systems, as they arise in lattice quantum field theory and discretized functional integral representations for observables of quantum statistical mechanics. We apply our results to: the small field approximation to the coherent state correlation functions of the grand canonical Bose gas at negative chemical potential, constructed by Balaban, Feldman, Kn\\"orrer and Trubowitz (2010); and to N component unbounded spin systems with repulsive two body interaction and massive, possibly complex, covariance. Our cluster expansion is derived by a single application of the BKAR interpolation formula.
A possible geometrical origin of the accelerated expansion of the universe
Montiel, Ariadna; Cordero, Rubén; Rojas, Efraín
2015-01-01
The modified geodetic brane cosmology (MGBC) is tested with observational data. The MGBC is derived from the geodetic brane gravity action corrected by the extrinsic curvature of the braneworld. The density parameter coming from this additional term produces an accelerated expansion of geometrical origin. Subject to the Supernovae Ia, Observable Hubble parameter, Baryon Acoustic Oscillations and Cosmic Microwave Background probes, the obtained fit provides enough evidence in the sense that the extrinsic curvature effect is able to reproduce the accelerated expansion of the universe without need of invoking dark energy, exotic matter or cosmological constant. Moreover the MGBC is free of the problems present in other braneworld models.
Asymptotic expansions for the escape rate of stochastically perturbed unimodal maps
C. P. Dettmann; T. B. Howard
2009-10-06
The escape rate of a stochastic dynamical system can be found as an expansion in powers of the noise strength. In previous work the coefficients of such an expansion for a one-dimensional map were fitted to a general form containing a few parameters. These parameters were found to be related to the fractal structure of the repeller of the system. The parameter alpha, the "noise dimension", remains to be interpreted. This report presents new data for alpha showing that the relation to the dimensions is more complicated than predicted in earlier work and oscillates as a function of the map parameter, in contrast to other dimension-like quantities.
Pion parameters in nuclear medium from chiral perturbation theory and virial expansion
S. Mallik; Sourav Sarkar
2003-09-11
We consider two methods to find the effective parameters of the pion traversing a nuclear medium. One is the first order chiral perturbation theoretic evaluation of the pion pole contribution to the two-point function of the axial-vector current. The other is the exact, first order virial expansion of the pion self-energy. We find that, although the results of chiral perturbation theory are not valid at normal nuclear density, those from the virial expansion may be reliable at such density. The latter predicts both the mass-shift and the in-medium decay width of the pion to be small, of about a few MeV.
Static vacuum solutions from convergent null data expansions at space-like infinity
Helmut Friedrich
2006-06-30
We study formal expansions of asymptotically flat solutions to the static vacuum field equations which are determined by minimal sets of freely specifyable data referred to as `null data'. These are given by sequences of symmetric trace free tensors at space-like infinity of increasing order. They are 1:1 related to the sequences of Geroch multipoles. Necessary and sufficient growth estimates on the null data are obtained for the formal expansions to be absolutely convergent. This provides a complete characterization of all asymptotically flat solutions to the static vacuum field equations.
Modified uncertainty principle from the free expansion of a Bose-Einstein Condensate
Elías Castellanos; Celia Escamilla-Rivera
2015-09-21
We develop a theoretical and numerical analysis of the free expansion of a Bose-Einstein condensate, in which we assume that the single particle energy spectrum is deformed due to a possible quantum structure of space time. Also we consider the presence of inter particle interactions in order to study more realistic and specific scenarios. The modified free velocity expansion of the condensate leads in a natural way to a modification of the uncertainty principle, which allows us to investigate some possible features of the Planck scale regime in low-energy earth-based experiments.
Thermal expansion of multiwall carbon nanotube reinforced nanocrystalline silver matrix composite
Sharma, Manjula Sharma, Vimal; Pal, Hemant
2014-04-24
Multiwall carbon nanotube reinforced silver matrix composite was fabricated by novel molecular level mixing method, which involves nucleation of Ag ions inside carbon nanotube dispersion at the molecular level. As a result the carbon nanotubes get embedded within the powder rather than on the surfaces. Micro structural characterization by X- ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy reveals that the nanotubes are homogeneously dispersed and anchored within the matrix. The thermal expansion of the composite with the multiwall nanotube content (0, 1.5 vol%) were investigated and it is found that coefficient of thermal expansion decreases with the addition of multiwall nanotube content and reduce to about 63% to that of pure Ag.
Weakly first-order phase transitions: the epsilon expansion vs. numerical simulations
Peter Arnold; Stephen R. Sharpe; Laurence G. Yaffe; Yan Zhang
1996-10-31
Some phase transitions of cosmological interest may be weakly first-order and cannot be analyzed by a simple perturbative expansion around mean field theory. We propose a simple two-scalar model--the cubic anisotropy model--as a foil for theoretical techniques to study such transitions, and we review its similarities and dissimilarities to the electroweak phase transition in the early universe. We present numerical Monte Carlo results for various discontinuities across very weakly first-order transitions in this model and, as an example, compare them to epsilon-expansion results. For this purpose, we have computed through next-to-next-to-leading order in epsilon.
Toru Miyazawa
2011-12-26
A new formalism is presented for high-energy analysis of the Green function for Fokker-Planck and Schr\\"odinger equations in one dimension. Formulas for the asymptotic expansion in powers of the inverse wave number are derived, and conditions for the validity of the expansion are studied through the analysis of the remainder term. The short-time expansion of the Green function is also discussed.
Steam generator tube rupture study
Free, Scott Thomas
1986-01-01
This report describes our investigation of steam generator behavior during a postulated tube rupture accident. Our study was performed using the steam generator, thermal-hydraulic analysis code THERMIT-UTSG. The purpose ...
Thermoacoustic generation in anisotropic media
Hildebrand, John A
1986-01-01
John Hildebrand: A. Thermoacoustic generation anisotropicsubstantial variation thermoacoustic in gen- erationisstress-strain relationfor thermoacoustic genera- tion and,if
Self-assembling software generator
Bouchard, Ann M. (Albuquerque, NM); Osbourn, Gordon C. (Albuquerque, NM)
2011-11-25
A technique to generate an executable task includes inspecting a task specification data structure to determine what software entities are to be generated to create the executable task, inspecting the task specification data structure to determine how the software entities will be linked after generating the software entities, inspecting the task specification data structure to determine logic to be executed by the software entities, and generating the software entities to create the executable task.
Superconducting thermoelectric generator
Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.
1996-01-01
An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.
Bharathan, Desikan (Lakewood, CO); Hassani, Vahab (Golden, CO)
2008-05-20
A stratified vapor generator (110) comprises a first heating section (H.sub.1) and a second heating section (H.sub.2). The first and second heating sections (H.sub.1, H.sub.2) are arranged so that the inlet of the second heating section (H.sub.2) is operatively associated with the outlet of the first heating section (H.sub.1). A moisture separator (126) having a vapor outlet (164) and a liquid outlet (144) is operatively associated with the outlet (124) of the second heating section (H.sub.2). A cooling section (C.sub.1) is operatively associated with the liquid outlet (144) of the moisture separator (126) and includes an outlet that is operatively associated with the inlet of the second heating section (H.sub.2).
Baker, John (Walnut Creek, CA); Archer, Daniel E. (Knoxville, TN); Luke, Stanley John (Pleasanton, CA); Decman, Daniel J. (Livermore, CA); White, Gregory K. (Livermore, CA)
2009-06-23
A tailpulse signal generating/simulating apparatus, system, and method designed to produce electronic pulses which simulate tailpulses produced by a gamma radiation detector, including the pileup effect caused by the characteristic exponential decay of the detector pulses, and the random Poisson distribution pulse timing for radioactive materials. A digital signal process (DSP) is programmed and configured to produce digital values corresponding to pseudo-randomly selected pulse amplitudes and pseudo-randomly selected Poisson timing intervals of the tailpulses. Pulse amplitude values are exponentially decayed while outputting the digital value to a digital to analog converter (DAC). And pulse amplitudes of new pulses are added to decaying pulses to simulate the pileup effect for enhanced realism in the simulation.
Superconducting thermoelectric generator
Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.
1998-05-05
An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.
Superconducting thermoelectric generator
Metzger, John D. (Eaton's Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)
1998-01-01
An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.
Downhole hydraulic seismic generator
Gregory, Danny L. (Corrales, NM); Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Smallwood, David O. (Albuquerque, NM)
1992-01-01
A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a double-actuating piston whose movement is controlled by an electro-servovalve regulating a high pressure hydraulic fluid flow into and out of upper and lower chambers surrounding the piston. The spent hydraulic fluid from the hydraulic oscillator is stored and pumped back into the system to provide high pressure fluid for conducting another run at the same, or a different location within the borehole.
Expansion of a radial jet from a guillotine tube breach in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger
Velasco, F.J.S.; del Pra, C. Lopez; Herranz, Luis E. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Nuclear fission division, Nuclear Safety Research Unit, Avda. Complutense, 22, P.O. Box 28040 Madrid (Spain)
2008-02-15
Aerodynamics of a particle-laden gas jet entering the secondary side of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger from a tube guillotine breach, determines to a large extent radioactive retention in the break stage of the steam generator (SG) during hypothetical SGTR accident sequences in pressurized nuclear water reactors (PWRs). These scenarios were shown to be risk-dominant in PWRs. The major insights gained from a set of experiments into such aerodynamics are summarized in this paper. A scaled-down mock-up with representative dimensions of a real SG was built. Two-dimensional (2D) PIV technique was used to characterize the flow field in the space between the breach and the neighbor tubes in the gas flow range investigated (Re{sub D} = 0.8-2.7 x 10{sup 5}). Pitot tube measurements and CFD simulations were used to discuss and complement PIV data. The results, reported mainly in terms of velocity and turbulent intensity profiles, show that jet penetration and gas entrainment are considerably enhanced when increasing Re{sub D}. The presence of tubes was observed to distort the jet shape and to foster gas entrainment with respect to a jet expansion free of tubes. Turbulence intensity level close to the breach increases linearly with Re{sub D}. Account of this information into aerosol modeling will enhance predictive capability of inertial impaction and turbulent deposition equations. (author)
Dingkang Zhang; Farzad Rahnema; Abderrafi M. Ougouag
2013-09-01
A local incident flux response expansion transport method is developed to generate transport solutions for coupling to diffusion theory codes regardless of their solution method (e.g., fine mesh, nodal, response based, finite element, etc.) for reactor core calculations in both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) cylindrical geometries. In this approach, a Monte Carlo method is first used to precompute the local transport solution (i.e., response function library) for each unique transport coarse node, in which diffusion theory is not valid due to strong transport effects. The response function library is then used to iteratively determine the albedo coefficients on the diffusion-transport interfaces, which are then used as the coupling parameters within the diffusion code. This interface coupling technique allows a seamless integration of the transport and diffusion methods. The new method retains the detailed heterogeneity of the transport nodes and naturally constructs any local solution within them by a simple superposition of local responses to all incoming fluxes from the contiguous coarse nodes. A new technique is also developed for coupling to fine-mesh diffusion methods/codes. The local transport method/module is tested in 2-D and 3-D pebble-bed reactor benchmark problems consisting of an inner reflector, an annular fuel region, and a controlled outer reflector. It is found that the results predicted by the transport module agree very well with the reference fluxes calculated directly by MCNP in both benchmark problems.
Myers, Carl W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Elkins, Ned Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01
Underground collocation of nuclear power reactors and the nuclear waste management facilities supporting those reactors, termed an underground nuclear park (UNP), appears to have several advantages compared to the conventional approach to siting reactors and waste management facilities. These advantages include the potential to lower reactor capital and operating cost, lower nuclear waste management cost, and increase margins of physical security and safety. Envirorunental impacts related to worker health, facility accidents, waste transportation, and sabotage and terrorism appear to be lower for UNPs compared to the current approach. In-place decommissioning ofUNP reactors appears to have cost, safety, envirorunental and waste disposal advantages. The UNP approach has the potential to lead to greater public acceptance for the deployment of new power reactors. Use of the UNP during the post-nuclear renaissance time frame has the potential to enable a greater expansion of U.S. nuclear power generation than might otherwise result. Technical and economic aspects of the UNP concept need more study to determine the viability of the concept.
Zafred, Paolo R. (Murrysville, PA); Gillett, James E. (Greensburg, PA)
2012-04-24
A plurality of integral bundle assemblies contain a top portion with an inlet fuel plenum and a bottom portion containing a base support, the base supports a dense, ceramic air exhaust manifold having four supporting legs, the manifold is below and connects to air feed tubes located in a recuperator zone, the air feed tubes passing into the center of inverted, tubular, elongated, hollow electrically connected solid oxide fuel cells having an open end above a combustion zone into which the air feed tubes pass and a closed end near the inlet fuel plenum, where the open end of the fuel cells rest upon and within a separate combination ceramic seal and bundle support contained in a ceramic support casting, where at least one flexible cushion ceramic band seal located between the recuperator and fuel cells protects and controls horizontal thermal expansion, and where the fuel cells operate in the fuel cell mode and where the base support and bottom ceramic air exhaust manifolds carry from 85% to all of the weight of the generator.
Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces
Botti, Silvana
Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces Nicolas Tancogne-Dejean, Valérie Véniard Condensed Matter/DSM European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility #12;2 Outline Nonlinear optic and second harmonic generation;4 Second harmonic generation First nonlinear term Centrosymmetric material : (2) = 0 (3)First nonlinear
Generation of strongly chaotic beats
I. Sliwa; P. Szlachetka; K. Grygiel
2007-04-25
The letter proposes a procedure for generation of strongly chaotic beats that have been hardly obtainable hitherto. The beats are generated in a nonlinear optical system governing second-harmonic generation of light. The proposition is based on the concept of an optical coupler but can be easily adopted to other nonlinear systems and Chua's circuits.
A PSEUDORANDOM GENERATOR ONEWAY FUNCTION
Luby, Michael
A PSEUDORANDOM GENERATOR FROM ANY ONEÂWAY FUNCTION JOHAN HÅ¡ ASTAD \\Lambda , RUSSELL IMPAGLIAZZO y , LEONID A. LEVIN z , AND MICHAEL LUBY x Abstract. Pseudorandom generators are fundamental to many theoretical and applied aspects of computing. We show how to construct a pseudorandom generator from any one
A Mechanically Verified Code Generator
Boyer, Robert Stephen
A Mechanically Verified Code Generator William D. Young Technical Report 37 January, 1989, one which generates semantically equivalent target language code for any given source language program we describe the implementation and proof of a code generator, a major component of a compiler
A Problem Generator Jorg Fliege
Fliege, JÃ¶rg
A Problem Generator Jorg Fliege Fachbereich Mathematik Universitat Dortmund 44221 Dortmund;nd a new, previously unconsidered one. We propose a problem generator that can auto- matically generate new optimization problems. These problems can then be analyzed by scientists with, e. g., standard
DELETERIOUS EXPANSION OF CEMENT PASTE SUBJECTED TO WET-DRY CYCLES
·I CEMENT PASTE SUBJECTED TO WET-DRY CYCLES John A. Wells*, Emmanuel K with five cements produced in different regions of Canada. Test specimens with nominal diameters of 25 mm program show that cement paste specimens exhibit significant differences in the magnitude of expansion
Ecological and environmental footprint of 50 years of agricultural expansion in Argentina
Nacional de San Luis, Universidad
Ecological and environmental footprint of 50 years of agricultural expansion in Argentina E R N E Gestio´n Ambiental (GIGA), Av. Spinetto 785, 6300 Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina, wINCITAP-CONICET, Ruta 35, km 335, 6300 Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina, zUNLPam, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales
WordNet-based Index Terms Expansion for Geographical Information Retrieval
Rosso, Paolo
WordNet-based Index Terms Expansion for Geographical Information Retrieval Davide Buscaldi geographic information from text, particularly in the cases in which the indication of the containing geograph- ical entity is omitted. The system is based on the Lucene search engine. We submitted two kind
Primary T Cell Expansion and Differentiation In Vivo Requires Antigen Presentation by B Cells1
Primary T Cell Expansion and Differentiation In Vivo Requires Antigen Presentation by B Cells1 Alison Crawford,* Megan MacLeod,* Ton Schumacher, Louise Corlett,* and David Gray2 * B cells are well documented as APC; however, their role in supporting and programming the T cell response in vivo is still
The Fiber Walk: A Model of Tip-Driven Growth with Lateral Expansion
Turk, Greg
The Fiber Walk: A Model of Tip-Driven Growth with Lateral Expansion Alexander Bucksch1,2 *, Greg Turk1 , Joshua S. Weitz2,3 1 Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Interactive Computing, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, 2 Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Biology, Atlanta, Georgia
Vlad, Gregorio
(with scaled plasma current) and suitable to fulfil plasma conditions for integrated studies of plasmaÂwall interaction, burning plasma physics, ITER relevant operation problems and steady state scenarios. FIXFREE is a toroidal multipolar expansions equilibrium code, recently ported to the Integrated Tokamak Modelling (ITM
A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete
Neekhra, Siddharth
2005-02-17
TE.........................10 Gnomix pvT High Pressure Dilatometer ...............................................................17 3. CoTE LABORATORY TESTING AND MODEL DEVELOPMENT........................18 Volumetric Dilatometer Method... Expansion of Hydraulic Cement Concrete (17).............................................. 16 Figure 5 Gnomix pvT High Pressure Dilatometer (19). ............................................... 17 Figure 6 The Dilatometer Test Device...
Evolution of eggshell structure during rapid range expansion in a passerine bird
Badyaev, Alex
and Alexander V. Badyaev* Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona of colonization of novel environments provide a powerful insight into the relative importance of ecological that accompanied rapid range expansion of house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) across North America. We analysed
Photo-production of Positive Parity Excited Baryons in the 1/Nc Expansion of QCD
Jose L. Goity Norberto N. Scoccola
2007-01-29
We analyze the photo-production helicity amplitudes for the positive parity excited baryons in the context of the $1/N_c$ expansion of QCD. The results show that sub-leading corrections in $1/N_c$ are important and that, while 1-body effective operators are dominant, there is some evidence for the need of 2-body effects.
GENERALIZED DE BRUIJN DIGRAPHS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF PATTERNS IN -EXPANSIONS
+ Â· Â· Â· , where 1 = [x], the integer part of x, and the other digits are computed with the transformation T that certain functionals of -expansions, e.g. the number of specific digital patterns, satisfy a central limit(x) = {x} (where {x} denotes the fractional part of x): n = [Tn-2(x)]. Then the digits j satisfy (n, n+1
GENERALIZED DE BRUIJN DIGRAPHS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF PATTERNS IN #EXPANSIONS #
+ Â· Â· Â· , where # 1 = [x], the integer part of x, and the other digits are computed with the transformation T (x that certain functionals of #Âexpansions, e.g. the number of specific digital patterns, satisfy a central limit) = {#x} (where {x} denotes the fractional part of x): # n = [#T n-2 (x)]. Then the digits # j satisfy
Gauge-invariant metric fluctuations from NKK theory of gravity: de Sitter expansion
Jose Edgar Madriz Aguilar; Mariano Anabitarte; Mauricio Bellini
2005-10-20
In this paper we study gauge-invariant metric fluctuations from a Noncompact Kaluza-Klein (NKK) theory of gravity in a de Sitter expansion. We recover the well known result $\\delta\\rho/\\rho \\simeq 2\\Phi$, obtained from the standard 4D semiclassical approach to inflation. The spectrum for these fluctuations should be dependent of the fifth (spatial-like) coordinate.
POLE EXPANSION FOR SOLVING A TYPE OF PARAMETRIZED LINEAR SYSTEMS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
Ying, Lexing
POLE EXPANSION FOR SOLVING A TYPE OF PARAMETRIZED LINEAR SYSTEMS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, parametrized linear systems, electronic structure calculation AMS subject classifications. 65F30,65D30,65Z05 1 linear systems. Under certain assumptions on the parametrization, solutions to the linear systems for all
Taylor Expansion Diagrams: A Canonical Representation for Verification of Data Flow Designs
Ciesielski, Maciej
series expansion that allows to model word-level signals as alge- braic symbols. This power increase in the size and complexity of digital systems has made it essential to address verification issues verification meth- ods, such as theorem proving, property and model checking, equiv- alence checking, etc
Anomalous expansion and negative specific heat in quasi-2D plasmas
Lim, Chjan C.
Anomalous expansion and negative specific heat in quasi-2D plasmas Timothy D. Andersen and Chjan C. Lim May 23, 2010 #12;Magnetic Nuclear Fusion Magnetic nuclear fusion is one of the most promising confining the plasma. #12;Magnetic Nuclear Fusion continued 2 1D +3 1 T 4 2 He +1 0 n + 17.6MeV. (1) Plasma
Zhao Xinghai; Mathews, Grant J.
2011-01-15
General relativistic corrections to the expansion rate of the Universe arise when the Einstein equations are averaged over a spatial volume in a locally inhomogeneous cosmology. It has been suggested that they may contribute to the observed cosmic acceleration. In this paper, we propose a new scheme that utilizes numerical simulations to make a realistic estimate of the magnitude of these corrections for general inhomogeneities in (3+1) spacetime. We then quantitatively calculate the volume averaged expansion rate using N-body large-scale structure simulations and compare it with the expansion rate in a standard FRW cosmology. We find that in the weak gravitational field limit, the converged corrections are slightly larger than the previous claimed 10{sup -5} level, but not large enough nor even of the correct sign to drive the current cosmic acceleration. Nevertheless, the question of whether the cumulative effect can significantly change the expansion history of the Universe needs to be further investigated with strong-field relativity.
Regularization of Hele-Shaw flows, multiscaling expansions and the Painleve I equation
Luis Martinez Alonso; E. Medina
2007-10-19
Critical processes of ideal integrable models of Hele-Shaw flows are considered. A regularization method based on multiscaling expansions of solutions of the KdV and Toda hierarchies characterized by string equations is proposed. Examples are exhibited in which the tritronq'ee solution of the Painleve-I equation turns out to provide the leading term of the regularization
Heavy-quark expansion for D and B mesons in nuclear matter
Thomas Buchheim; Thomas Hilger; Burkhard Kampfer
2014-10-01
The planned experiments at FAIR enable the study of medium modifications of $D$ and $B$ mesons in (dense) nuclear matter. Evaluating QCD sum rules as a theoretical prerequisite for such investigations encounters heavy-light four-quark condensates. We utilize an extended heavy-quark expansion to cope with the condensation of heavy quarks.
Construction of a Mechanical Model for the Expansion of a Virus
Guest, Simon
Construction of a Mechanical Model for the Expansion of a Virus S.D. Guest1 , F. KovÃ¡cs2 , T@eng.cam.ac.uk, fax +44 1223 332662 Abstract Many viruses have an outer protein coat with the structure of a truncated icosahedron, and can expand following changes to the environment around the virus. The protein coat consists
Double-link expandohedra: a mechanical model for expansion of a virus
Guest, Simon
Double-link expandohedra: a mechanical model for expansion of a virus By F. KovÂ´acs1 , T. Tarnai2), the derived expandohedra provide a mechanical model for the experimen- tally observed swelling of viruses such as cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV). A fully symmetric swelling motion (a finite mechanism) is found
C4 expansion in the central Inner Mongolia during the latest Miocene and early Pliocene
Miocene The emergence of C4 photosynthesis in plants as a significant component of terrestrial ecosystems Neogene times and has had a profound effect on the global terrestrial biosphere. Although expansion of C4 on the photosyn- thetic pathways they use: C3, C4, and CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism). C3 plants include
7/31/2008 ICHEP 2008, Philadelphia 1 All-Order -Expansion of
Yost, Scott
7/31/2008 ICHEP 2008, Philadelphia 1 All-Order -Expansion of Generalized Hypergeometric Functions Scott Yost with M. Kalmykov, B.F.L. Ward PRINCETON UNIVERSITY #12;7/31/2008 ICHEP 2008, Philadelphia 2;7/31/2008 ICHEP 2008, Philadelphia 3 Generalized Hypergeometric Functions The generalized hypergeometric function
U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets
Noble, James S.
May 2012 U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets FAPRI-MU Report #02 for agricultural and biofuel markets.1 That baseline assumes current biofuel policy, including provisions credit expired, as scheduled, at the end of 2011. The additional tax credit for cellulosic biofuel
Relation between thermal expansion and interstitial formation energy in pure Fe and Cr
term, i.e. the contribution to the total energy from the valence electron density. Consequently we needRelation between thermal expansion and interstitial formation energy in pure Fe and Cr Janne Wallenius a,b,*, Pa¨r Olsson b , Christina Lagerstedt a a Department of Nuclear and Reactor Physics, KTH
Invasion and expansion of cooperators in lattice populations: Prisoner's dilemma vs. snowdrift games
Hauert, Christoph
Invasion and expansion of cooperators in lattice populations: Prisoner's dilemma vs. snowdrift and the social sciences. Two social dilemmas, the prisoner's dilemma and the snowdrift game have emerged interactions has long been identified as a potent promoter of cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma
Combining Multiple Evidence from Dierent Types of Thesaurus for Query Expansion
Nie, Jian-Yun
Combining Multiple Evidence from Dierent Types of Thesaurus for Query Expansion Rila Mandala only one type of thesaurus has generally been used. In this paper we analyze the characteristics of dierent thesaurus types and propose a method to combine them for query ex- pansion. Experiments using
A characterization of the Taylor expansion of Pierre Boudes, Fanny He, and Michele Pagani
Pagani, Michele
conditions which semantically describe normalizable and total -terms. 1998 ACM Subject Classification F.4 generally, modules). In fact, one can define the Taylor expansion of a function as an infinite sum of terms terms [8, 9]. Also, the authors define a rewriting system inspired by the standard rules for computing
Real and padic expansions involving symmetric patterns Boris ADAMCZEWSKI & Yann BUGEAUD
Bugeaud, Yann
, and by questions related to the expected normality of irrational algebraic numbers. We introduce a class symmetric patterns. Then, we prove several transcendence statements involving both real and pÂadic numbers) expansion of irrational algebraic real (resp. pÂadic) numbers. Moreover, it is expected that these numbers
Polymers in poor solvents : loop expansion of irreducible diagrams (II) J. des Cloizeaux
Boyer, Edmond
761 Polymers in poor solvents : loop expansion of irreducible diagrams (II) J. des Cloizeaux polydispersion. Abstract. 2014 Properties of polymers in poor solvent are found by calculating irreducible. Expressions are given for the osmotic pressure, the size of a polymer in a solution and the density
Economic transition and urban land expansion in Provincial China Jinlong Gao a, b
Wei, Yehua Dennis
Economic transition and urban land expansion in Provincial China Jinlong Gao a, b , Yehua Dennis: Available online 29 September 2014 Keywords: Economic transition Marketization Globalization Decentralization Land use change Jiangsu a b s t r a c t China has undergone economic transition characterized
Beyond the Grave: Facebook as a site for the expansion of death and
Hayes, Gillian R.
Beyond the Grave: Facebook as a site for the expansion of death-mortem, social network sites, Facebook Abstract: Online identities survive the deaths of those they represent its launch, Facebook has permeated the daily lives of its users. More than just a space in which
Thermal Expansion Models of Viscous Fluids Based on Limits of Free Energy
Thermal Expansion Models of Viscous Fluids Based on Limits of Free Energy S.E. Bechtel Department applied directly on the free energy formulation of the compressible Navier-Stokes system. The method the reversible physical mechanisms governed by the gradient and Hessian of the free energy function take special
1 INTRODUCTION Expansive soils have a major source of damages to
Zornberg, Jorge G.
on the per- formance of the geosynthetic reinforcements as a technique to mitigate the development research studies have been conducted to predict the behavior of ex- pansive soils, the field behavior control, ac- cess to water for expansive soils in the field is very uncertain (Coduto 2001
Zheng, M.; Kong, F.; Han, Z.; Liu, W.
2006-01-01
expansion dynamic ice-on-coil storage system that overcame the disadvantages of static and dynamic ice-storage system. It is concluded that periodic ice moving avoids the increased heat resistance that creates a decreased evaporating temperature. Due to a...
Path Planning in Expansive Configuration Spaces David Hsu JeanClaude Latombe Rajeev Motwani
Motwani, Rajeev
be effectively captured by a roadmap of randomlysampled milestones. The analysis of expansive configuration of precomputing a roadmap for the entire configuration space. Thus, it is wellsuited for problems where only in [12], uses random sampling to construct a probabilistic roadmap in the configuration space
Exact asymptotic expansions for thermodynamics of the hydrogen gas in the Saha regime
Boyer, Edmond
Exact asymptotic expansions for thermodynamics of the hydrogen gas in the Saha regime A. Alastuey and V. Ballenegger Abstract We consider the hydrogen quantum plasma in the Saha regime, where it almost of thermo- dynamical functions beyond Saha theory, which describes an ideal mixture of ionized protons
Mills, Andrew
2010-01-01
M. Taylor. 2008. Photovoltaic Capacity Valuation Methods.of photovoltaic power generation on required capacity for
GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANT
Boyd, Tonya
2013-12-01
Oregon Institute of Technology (OIT) drilled a deep geothermal well on campus (to 5,300 feet deep) which produced 196oF resource as part of the 2008 OIT Congressionally Directed Project. OIT will construct a geothermal power plant (estimated at 1.75 MWe gross output). The plant would provide 50 to 75 percent of the electricity demand on campus. Technical support for construction and operations will be provided by OIT’s Geo-Heat Center. The power plant will be housed adjacent to the existing heat exchange building on the south east corner of campus near the existing geothermal production wells used for heating campus. Cooling water will be supplied from the nearby cold water wells to a cooling tower or air cooling may be used, depending upon the type of plant selected. Using the flow obtained from the deep well, not only can energy be generated from the power plant, but the “waste” water will also be used to supplement space heating on campus. A pipeline will be construction from the well to the heat exchanger building, and then a discharge line will be construction around the east and north side of campus for anticipated use of the “waste” water by facilities in an adjacent sustainable energy park. An injection well will need to be drilled to handle the flow, as the campus existing injection wells are limited in capacity.
Zornberg, Jorge G.
Long-Term Monitoring of a Drilled Shaft Retaining Wall in Expansive Clay: Behavior Before are that the instrumentation survived construction and is working, residual stresses developed in the drilled shafts prior The motivation for this work is uncertainty in the design of drilled shaft retaining walls in expansive clay
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 La052605k(250) "Osmotic compression and expansion of highly ordered clay dispersions" Table" #12;2 Osmotic compression and expansion of highly ordered clay dispersions Céline Martin1 , Frédéric, mechanical compression, and osmotic stress (dialysis against a polymer solution). The positional
Fluid vs PIC Modeling of a Plasma Plume Expansion IEPC-2015-IEPC-420/ISTS-2015-b-IEPC-420
Carlos III de Madrid, Universidad
Fluid vs PIC Modeling of a Plasma Plume Expansion IEPC-2015-IEPC-420/ISTS-2015-b-IEPC-420 Presented on the Asymptotic Expansion Method and a full PIC simulator, benchmarking one against the other, in terms complex full PIC simulator is investigated, identifying the limitations of a simple polytropic law
Algorithm for obtaining the gradient expansion of the local density of states and the free energy for obtaining the gauge-invariant gradient expansion of the local density of states and the free energy confirm a recent calculation of the fourth order correction to the free energy by Kosztin, Kos, Stone
Toru Miyazawa
2011-12-26
We study the low-energy behavior of the Green function for one-dimensional Fokker-Planck and Schr\\"odinger equations with periodic potentials. We derive a formula for the power series expansion of reflection coefficients in terms of the wave number, and apply it to the low-energy expansion of the Green function.
Takada, Yasutami
Highdensity expansion of correlation energy and its extrapolation to the metallic density region T to the kinetic energy. Practically, energyband calculations in the local density ap proximation rely densities. The r s expansion of the groundstate energy of the elec tron gas is originally an asymptotic
NEXT GENERATION TURBINE PROGRAM
William H. Day
2002-05-03
The Next Generation Turbine (NGT) Program's technological development focused on a study of the feasibility of turbine systems greater than 30 MW that offer improvement over the 1999 state-of-the-art systems. This program targeted goals of 50 percent turndown ratios, 15 percent reduction in generation cost/kW hour, improved service life, reduced emissions, 400 starts/year with 10 minutes to full load, and multiple fuel usage. Improvement in reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM), while reducing operations, maintenance, and capital costs by 15 percent, was pursued. This program builds on the extensive low emissions stationary gas turbine work being carried out by Pratt & Whitney (P&W) for P&W Power Systems (PWPS), which is a company under the auspices of the United Technologies Corporation (UTC). This study was part of the overall Department of Energy (DOE) NGT Program that extends out to the year 2008. A follow-on plan for further full-scale component hardware testing is conceptualized for years 2002 through 2008 to insure a smooth and efficient transition to the marketplace for advanced turbine design and cycle technology. This program teamed the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), P&W, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), kraftWork Systems Inc., a subcontractor on-site at UTRC, and Multiphase Power and Processing Technologies (MPPT), an off-site subcontractor. Under the auspices of the NGT Program, a series of analyses were performed to identify the NGT engine system's ability to serve multiple uses. The majority were in conjunction with a coal-fired plant, or used coal as the system fuel. Identified also was the ability of the NGT system to serve as the basis of an advanced performance cycle: the humid air turbine (HAT) cycle. The HAT cycle is also used with coal gasification in an integrated cycle HAT (IGHAT). The NGT systems identified were: (1) Feedwater heating retrofit to an existing coal-fired steam plant, which could supply both heat and peaking power (Block 2 engine); (2) Repowering of an older coal-fired plant (Block 2 engine); (3) Gas-fired HAT cycle (Block 1 and 2 engines); (4) Integrated gasification HAT (Block 1 and 2 engines). Also under Phase I of the NGT Program, a conceptual design of the combustion system has been completed. An integrated approach to cycle optimization for improved combustor turndown capability has been employed. The configuration selected has the potential for achieving single digit NO{sub x}/CO emissions between 40 percent and 100 percent load conditions. A technology maturation plan for the combustion system has been proposed. Also, as a result of Phase I, ceramic vane technology will be incorporated into NGT designs and will require less cooling flow than conventional metallic vanes, thereby improving engine efficiency. A common 50 Hz and 60 Hz power turbine was selected due to the cost savings from eliminating a gearbox. A list of ceramic vane technologies has been identified for which the funding comes from DOE, NASA, the U.S. Air Force, and P&W.
The generating functions of Lame equation in Weierstrass's form
Yoon Seok Choun
2014-11-07
Lame equation arises from deriving Laplace equation in ellipsoidal coordinates; in other words, it's called ellipsoidal harmonic equation. Lame function is applicable to diverse areas such as boundary value problems in ellipsoidal geometry, chaotic Hamiltonian systems, the theory of Bose-Einstein condensates, etc. By applying generating function into modern physics (quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, black hole, supersymmetry, special functions, etc), we are able to obtain the recursion relation, a normalization constant for the wave function and expectation values of any physical quantities. For the case of hydrogen-like atoms, generating function of associated Laguerre polynomial has been used in order to derive expectation values of position and momentum. By applying integral forms of Lame polynomial in the Weierstrass's form in which makes B_n term terminated [29], I consider generating function of it including all higher terms of A_n's. This paper is 8th out of 10 in series "Special functions and three term recurrence formula (3TRF)". See section 4 for all the papers in the series. Previous paper in series deals with the power series expansion and the integral formalism of Lame equation in the Weierstrass's form and its asymptotic behavior [29]. The next paper in the series describes analytic solution for grand confluent hypergeometric function [31].
Micro thrust and heat generator
Garcia, E.J.
1998-11-17
A micro thrust and heat generator have a means for providing a combustion fuel source to an ignition chamber of the micro thrust and heat generator. The fuel is ignited by a ignition means within the micro thrust and heat generator`s ignition chamber where it burns and creates a pressure. A nozzle formed from the combustion chamber extends outward from the combustion chamber and tappers down to a narrow diameter and then opens into a wider diameter where the nozzle then terminates outside of said combustion chamber. The pressure created within the combustion chamber accelerates as it leaves the chamber through the nozzle resulting in pressure and heat escaping from the nozzle to the atmosphere outside the micro thrust and heat generator. The micro thrust and heat generator can be microfabricated from a variety of materials, e.g., of polysilicon, on one wafer using surface micromachining batch fabrication techniques or high aspect ratio micromachining techniques (LIGA). 30 figs.
Toru Miyazawa
2015-05-13
We study low-energy expansion and high-energy expansion of reflection coefficients for one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation, from which expansions of the Green function can be obtained. Making use of the equivalent Fokker-Planck equation, we develop a generalized formulation of a method for deriving these expansions in a unified manner. In this formalism, the underlying algebraic structure of the problem can be clearly understood, and the basic formulas necessary for the expansions can be derived in a natural way. We also examine the validity of the expansions for various asymptotic behaviors of the potential at spatial infinity.
Email To Friend Steam Electricity Generator
. keymanengravables.com Steam Turbine Generator Info, Pictures And Deals For Steam turbine generator ediscountshoppingBack One Email To Friend Steam Electricity Generator Need Steam Electricity Generator? See Steam Electricity Generator. greenshieldsindustrial.com Steam Generators Deals on Steam Generators Find what you
Brown, Sky; Carter, Britt; Collins, Michael; Gallerson, Christopher; Giffin, Grady; Greer, Jon; Griffith, Ray; Johnson, Emily; Richardson, Kate
2009-01-01
stream_source_info 2009GenerationYintheWorkplace.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 155407 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name 2009GenerationYintheWorkplace.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...-1 Generation Y in the Workplace Sky Brown Britt Carter Michael Collins Christopher Gallerson Grady Giffin Jon Greer Ray Griffith Emily Johnson Kate Richardson Faculty Advisor: Dr. Domonic Bearfield i Executive Summary...
Natural fourth generation of leptons
Oleg Antipin; Matti Heikinheimo; Kimmo Tuominen
2009-09-14
We consider implications of a fourth generation of leptons, allowing for the most general mass patterns for the fourth generation neutrino. We determine the constraints due to the precision electroweak measurements and outline the signatures to search for at the LHC experiments. As a concrete framework to apply these results we consider the minimal walking technicolor (MWTC) model where the matter content, regarding the electroweak quantum numbers, corresponds to a fourth generation.
Reports and Publications (EIA)
1999-01-01
This appendix examines the nature and type of proposed pipeline projects announced or approved for construction during the next several years in the United States. It also includes those projects in Canada and Mexico that tie-in with the U.S. markets or projects.
Renewable Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2012-09-01
This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.
Registration of Electric Generators (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
All electric generating facilities operating in the state, with the exception of hydroelectric and nuclear facilities, must obtain a certificate of registration from the Department of Public...
Fast Generators of Direct Photons
S. M. Kiselev
2008-11-17
Three fast generators of direct photons in the central rapidity region of high-energy heavy-ion collisions have been presented The generator of prompt photons is based on a tabulation of $p+p(\\bar p)$ data and binary scaling. Two generators of thermal direct photons, for hot hadron gas (HHG) and quark-gluon plasma (QGP) scenarios, assume the 1+1 Bjorken hydrodynamics. SPS and RHIC data can be fitted better by scenario with QGP. Predictions for the LHC energy have been made. The generators have been realized as macros for the ROOT analysis package.
Solid oxide fuel cell generator
Draper, R.; George, R.A.; Shockling, L.A.
1993-04-06
A solid oxide fuel cell generator has a pair of spaced apart tubesheets in a housing. At least two intermediate barrier walls are between the tubesheets and define a generator chamber between two intermediate buffer chambers. An array of fuel cells have tubes with open ends engaging the tubesheets. Tubular, axially elongated electrochemical cells are supported on the tubes in the generator chamber. Fuel gas and oxidant gas are preheated in the intermediate chambers by the gases flowing on the other side of the tubes. Gas leakage around the tubes through the tubesheets is permitted. The buffer chambers reentrain the leaked fuel gas for reintroduction to the generator chamber.