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Sample records for z-axis tipper electromagnetics

  1. Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County, NewYorktownZ-Axis Tipper

  2. Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie, Texas: EnergyYBR

  3. u.s. DEPARThIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENTER NFPA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. (BGI) would utilize DOE and cost share funds to (1) combine airborne full tensor gravity (FTG) and the z-axis tipper electromagnetic (ZTEM) deep penetrating, low frequency,...

  4. CX-007420: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. (BGI) would utilize DOE and cost share funds to (1) combine airborne full tensor gravity (FTG) and the z-axis tipper electromagnetic (ZTEM) deep penetrating, low frequency,...

  5. CX-008605: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. (BGI) would utilize DOE and cost share funds to (1) combine airborne full tensor gravity (FTG) and the z-axis tipper electromagnetic (ZTEM) deep penetrating, low frequency,...

  6. P-8 / D. R. Cairns P-8: Conductive and Adhesive Properties of Z-axis Adhesives for Tail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Darran

    P-8 / D. R. Cairns P-8: Conductive and Adhesive Properties of Z-axis Adhesives for Tail Bonding Abstract The change in resistance of an anisotropic conducting adhesive (Z-axis adhesive) solderless joint ageing at 85° C and 85 % Relative humidity for six days. The anisotropic conducting adhesive performs

  7. Electromagnetic Theory 1 /56 Electromagnetic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bicknell, Geoff

    Electromagnetic Theory 1 /56 Electromagnetic Theory Summary: · Maxwell's equations · EM Potentials · Equations of motion of particles in electromagnetic fields · Green's functions · Lienard-Weichert potentials · Spectral distribution of electromagnetic energy from an arbitrarily moving charge #12;Electromagnetic

  8. Electromagnetic fasteners

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crane, Randolph W.; Marts, Donna J.

    1994-11-01

    An electromagnetic fastener for manipulating objects in space uses the matic attraction of various metals. An end effector is attached to a robotic manipulating system having an electromagnet such that when current is supplied to the electromagnet, the object is drawn and affixed to the end effector, and when the current is withheld, the object is released. The object to be manipulated includes a multiplicity of ferromagnetic patches at various locations to provide multiple areas for the effector on the manipulator to become affixed to the object. The ferromagnetic patches are sized relative to the object's geometry and mass.

  9. Electromagnetic fasteners

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crane, Randolph W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Marts, Donna J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1994-01-01

    An electromagnetic fastener for manipulating objects in space uses the matic attraction of various metals. An end effector is attached to a robotic manipulating system having an electromagnet such that when current is supplied to the electromagnet, the object is drawn and affixed to the end effector, and when the current is withheld, the object is released. The object to be manipulated includes a multiplicity of ferromagnetic patches at various locations to provide multiple areas for the effector on the manipulator to become affixed to the object. The ferromagnetic patches are sized relative to the object's geometry and mass.

  10. Electromagnetic Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Novello; F. T. Falciano; E. Goulart

    2011-11-08

    We show that Maxwell's electromagnetism can be mapped into the Born-Infeld theory in a curved space-time, which depends only on the electromagnetic field in a specific way. This map is valid for any value of the two lorentz invariants $F$ and $G$ confirming that we have included all possible solutions of Maxwell's equations. Our result seems to show that specifying the dynamics and the space-time structure of a given theory can be viewed merely as a choice of representation to describe the physical system.

  11. Electromagnetic Reciprocity.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldridge, David F.

    2014-11-01

    A reciprocity theorem is an explicit mathematical relationship between two different wavefields that can exist within the same space - time configuration. Reciprocity theorems provi de the theoretical underpinning for mod ern full waveform inversion solutions, and also suggest practical strategies for speed ing up large - scale numerical modeling of geophysical datasets . In the present work, several previously - developed electromagnetic r eciprocity theorems are generalized to accommodate a broader range of medi um, source , and receiver types. Reciprocity relations enabling the interchange of various types of point sources and point receivers within a three - dimensional electromagnetic model are derived. Two numerical modeling algorithms in current use are successfully tested for adherence to reciprocity. Finally, the reciprocity theorem forms the point of departure for a lengthy derivation of electromagnetic Frechet derivatives. These mathe matical objects quantify the sensitivity of geophysical electromagnetic data to variatio ns in medium parameters, and thus constitute indispensable tools for solution of the full waveform inverse problem. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Sandia National Labor atories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the US Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL85000. Signif icant portions of the work reported herein were conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and CARBO Ceramics Incorporated. The author acknowledges Mr. Chad Cannan and Mr. Terry Pa lisch of CARBO Ceramics, and Ms. Amy Halloran, manager of SNL's Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences Department, for their interest in and encouragement of this work. Special thanks are due to Dr . Lewis C. Bartel ( recently retired from Sandia National Labo ratories and now a geophysical consultant ) and Dr. Chester J. Weiss (recently rejoined with Sandia National Laboratories) for many stimulating (and reciprocal!) discussions regar ding the topic at hand.

  12. Electromagnetic properties of neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Giunti; Alexander Studenikin

    2010-06-08

    A short review on electromagnetic properties of neutrinos is presented. In spite of many efforts in the theoretical and experimental studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties, they still remain one of the main puzzles related to neutrinos.

  13. Investigation of electromagnetic welding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pressl, Daniel G. (Daniel Gerd)

    2009-01-01

    We propose several methodologies to study and optimize the electromagnetic process for Electromagnetic Forming (EMF) and Welding (EMW), thereby lowering the necessary process energy up to a factor of three and lengthening ...

  14. The electromagnetic spike solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernesto Nungesser; Woei Chet Lim

    2013-09-28

    The aim of this paper is to use the existing relation between polarized electromagnetic Gowdy spacetimes and vacuum Gowdy spacetimes to find explicit solutions for electromagnetic spikes by a procedure which has been developed by one of the authors for gravitational spikes. We present new inhomogeneous solutions which we call the EME and MEM electromagnetic spike solutions.

  15. Electromagnetic Abdulaziz Hanif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoudi, Husain M.

    Electromagnetic Propulsion Abdulaziz Hanif Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of spacecraft, which would be jolted through space by electromagnets, could take us farther than any of these other methods. When cooled to extremely low temperatures, electromagnets demonstrate an unusual behavior

  16. Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamagaki, Hideki

    Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study University of Tokyo #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki 2 Prologue · EM probe and where they are produced; #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki

  17. Electromagnetic Wave Dynamics in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Robin

    Mesoscopic Electromagnetic Wave Dynamics in Ultracold Atomic Gases Robin Kaiser and Mark D. Havey Mesoscopic Electromagnetic Wave Dynamics in Ultracold Atomic Gases #12;39 E xperimental developments permit in the transport proper- ties of electromagnetic radiation in strongly scattering random media. Even in weakly

  18. Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamagaki, Hideki

    Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study Graduate School of Science the University of Tokyo #12;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki Hamagaki 3 Prologue ­ scope of EM measurements · EM

  19. 8.07 Electromagnetism II, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zwiebach, Barton

    Survey of basic electromagnetic phenomena: electrostatics, magnetostatics; electromagnetic properties of matter. Time-dependent electromagnetic fields and Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves, emission, absorption, ...

  20. NISTHB 150-11 Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NISTHB 150-11 NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility and Telecommunications Bethany Hackett Bradley. #12;NISTHB 150-11 NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility and Telecommunications Bethany Hackett Bradley Programs Dennis Camell Electromagnetics Division Physical Measurement Laboratory http://dx.doi.org/10

  1. Tunability enhanced electromagnetic wiggler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schlueter, Ross D. (Albany, CA); Deis, Gary A. (Livermore, CA)

    1992-01-01

    The invention discloses a wiggler used in synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers, where each pole is surrounded by at least two electromagnetic coils. The electromagnetic coils are energized with different amounts of current to provide a wide tunable range of the on-axis magnetic flux density, while preventing magnetic saturation of the poles.

  2. Tunability enhanced electromagnetic wiggler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schlueter, R.D.; Deis, G.A.

    1992-03-24

    The invention discloses a wiggler used in synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers, where each pole is surrounded by at least two electromagnetic coils. The electromagnetic coils are energized with different amounts of current to provide a wide tunable range of the on-axis magnetic flux density, while preventing magnetic saturation of the poles. 14 figs.

  3. Microslots : scalable electromagnetic instrumentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire, Yael G., 1975-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis explores spin manipulation, fabrication techniques and boundary conditions of electromagnetism to bridge the macroscopic and microscopic worlds of biology, chemistry and electronics. This work is centered around ...

  4. Purely electromagnetic spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Ivanov

    2007-12-15

    Electrovacuum solutions devoid of usual mass sources are classified in the case of one, two and three commuting Killing vectors. Three branches of solutions exist. Electromagnetically induced mass terms appear in some of them.

  5. Electromagnetic rotational actuation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, Alexander Lee

    2010-08-01

    There are many applications that need a meso-scale rotational actuator. These applications have been left by the wayside because of the lack of actuation at this scale. Sandia National Laboratories has many unique fabrication technologies that could be used to create an electromagnetic actuator at this scale. There are also many designs to be explored. In this internship exploration of the designs and fabrications technologies to find an inexpensive design that can be used for prototyping the electromagnetic rotational actuator.

  6. Electromagnetically Induced Flows Michiel de Reus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    Electromagnetically Induced Flows in Water Michiel de Reus 8 maart 2013 () Electromagnetically Conclusion and future research () Electromagnetically Induced Flows 2 / 56 #12;1 Introduction 2 Maxwell Navier Stokes equations 5 Simulations 6 Conclusion and future research () Electromagnetically Induced

  7. 8.07 Electromagnetism II, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertschinger, Edmund

    This course is the second in a series on Electromagnetism beginning with Electromagnetism I (8.02 or 8.022). It is a survey of basic electromagnetic phenomena: electrostatics; magnetostatics; electromagnetic properties of ...

  8. Electromagnetism and Gravitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth Dalton

    1997-03-10

    The classical concept of "mass density" is not fundamental to the quantum theory of matter. Therefore, mass density cannot be the source of gravitation. Here, we treat electromagnetic energy, momentum, and stress as its source. The resulting theory predicts that the gravitational potential near any charged elementary particle is many orders of magnitude greater than the Newtonian value.

  9. Electromagnetic pulsar spindown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Contopoulos

    2007-01-10

    We evaluate the result of the recent pioneering numerical simulations in Spitkovsky~2006 on the spindown of an oblique relativistic magnetic dipole rotator. Our discussion is based on our experience from two idealized cases, that of an aligned dipole rotator, and that of an oblique split-monopole rotator. We conclude that the issue of electromagnetic pulsar spindown may not have been resolved yet.

  10. Electromagnetic Interrogation Techniques Damage Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Interrogation Techniques for Damage Detection H. T. Banks and M. L. Joyner Center.P. Winfree Nasa Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Plenary Lecture, Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation 2001 (ENDE 2001), Kobe, Japan, May 18-19, 20001 #12;Electromagnetic Interrogation Techniques

  11. Electromagnetic structure of light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saori Pastore

    2015-08-28

    The present understanding of nuclear electromagnetic properties including electromagnetic moments, form factors and transitions in nuclei with A $\\le$ 10 is reviewed. Emphasis is on calculations based on nuclear Hamiltonians that include two- and three-nucleon realistic potentials, along with one- and two-body electromagnetic currents derived from a chiral effective field theory with pions and nucleons.

  12. Electromagnetic Interrogation Techniques Damage Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Interrogation Techniques for Damage Detection H. T. Banks #3; and M. L. Joyner Wincheski and W.P. Winfree Nasa Langley Research Center Hampton, VA #3; Plenary Lecture, Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation 2001 (ENDE 2001), Kobe, Japan, May 18­19, 20001 #12; Electromagnetic Interrogation

  13. Electromagnetically Induced Entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xihua Yang; Min Xiao

    2015-05-18

    We present a novel quantum phenomenon named electromagnetically induced entanglement in the conventional Lambda-type three-level atomic system driven by a strong pump field and a relatively weak probe field. Nearly perfect entanglement between the pump and probe fields can be achieved with a low coherence decay rate between the two lower levels, high pump-field intensity, and large optical depth of the atomic ensemble. The physical origin is quantum coherence between the lower doublet produced by the pump and probe fields, similar to the well-known electromagnetically induced transparency. This method would greatly facilitate the generation of nondegenerate narrow-band continuous-variable entanglement between bright light beams by using only coherent laser fields, and may find potential and broad applications in realistic quantum information processing.

  14. Feasibility of Electromagnetic Transponder Use to Monitor Inter- and Intrafractional Motion in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shinohara, Eric T.; Kassaee, Alireza; Mitra, Nandita; Vapiwala, Neha; Plastaras, John P.; Drebin, Jeff; Wan, Fei; Metz, James M.

    2012-06-01

    Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of electromagnetic transponder implantation in patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. Secondarily, the use of transponders to monitor inter- and intrafractional motion, and the efficacy of breath holding for limiting target motion, were examined. Methods and Materials: During routine screening laparoscopy, 5 patients without metastatic disease were implanted with transponders peri-tumorally. The Calypso System's localization and tracking modes were used to monitor inter- and intrafractional motion, respectively. Intrafractional motion, with and without breath holding, was also examined using Calypso tracking mode. Results: Transponder implantation was well tolerated in all patients, with minimal migration, aside from 1 patient who expulsed a single transponder. Interfractional motion based on mean shifts from setup using tattoos/orthogonal imaging to transponder based localization from 164 treatments was significant in all dimensions. Mean shift (in millimeters), followed by the standard deviation and p value, were as follows: X-axis: 4.5 mm (1.0, p = 0.01); Y axis: 6.4 mm (1.9, p = 0.03); and Z-axis 3.9 mm (0.6, p = 0.002). Mean intrafractional motion was also found to be significant in all directions: superior, 7.2 mm (0.9, p = 0.01); inferior, 11.9 mm (0.9, p < 0.01); anterior: 4.9 mm (0.5, p = 0.01); posterior, 2.9 mm (0.5, p = 0.02); left, 2.2 mm (0.4, p = 0.02); and right, 3.1 mm (0.6, p = 0.04). Breath holding during treatment significantly decreased tumor motion in all directions. Conclusions: Electromagnetic transponder implantation appears to be safe and effective for monitoring inter- and intrafractional motion. Based on these results a larger clinical trial is underway.

  15. Gravitation and Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. G. Sidharth

    2001-06-16

    The realms of gravitation, belonging to Classical Physics, and Electromagnetism, belonging to the Theory of the Electron and Quantum Mechanics have remained apart as two separate pillars, inspite of a century of effort by Physicists to reconcile them. In this paper it is argued that if we extend ideas of Classical spacetime to include in addition to non integrability non commutavity also, then such a reconcilation is possible.

  16. Quaternion Gravi-Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Rawat; O. P. S. Negi

    2011-07-05

    Defining the generalized charge, potential, current and generalized fields as complex quantities where real and imaginary parts represent gravitation and electromagnetism respectively, corresponding field equation, equation of motion and other quantum equations are derived in manifestly covariant manner. It has been shown that the field equations are invariant under Lorentz as well as duality transformations. It has been shown that the quaternionic formulation presented here remains invariant under quaternion transformations.

  17. Fractional Electromagnetic Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Gómez; J. J. Rosales; J. J. Bernal; V. I. Tkach; M. Guía

    2011-08-31

    In the present work we consider the electromagnetic wave equation in terms of the fractional derivative of the Caputo type. The order of the derivative being considered is 0 <\\gamma<1. A new parameter \\sigma, is introduced which characterizes the existence of the fractional components in the system. We analyze the fractional derivative with respect to time and space, for \\gamma = 1 and \\gamma = 1/2 cases.

  18. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

    1994-04-05

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

  19. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

  20. Banded electromagnetic stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Gonzales, Aaron A. (San Jose, CA); Patel, Mahadeo R. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups.

  1. The electromagnetic dark sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2010-02-12

    We consider electromagnetic field quantization in an expanding universe. We find that the covariant (Gupta-Bleuler) method exhibits certain difficulties when trying to impose the quantum Lorenz condition on cosmological scales. We thus explore the possibility of consistently quantizing without imposing such a condition. In this case there are three physical states, which are the two transverse polarizations of the massless photon and a new massless scalar mode coming from the temporal and longitudinal components of the electromagnetic field. An explicit example in de Sitter space-time shows that it is still possible to eliminate the negative norm state and to ensure the positivity of the energy in this theory. The new state is decoupled from the conserved electromagnetic currents, but is non-conformally coupled to gravity and therefore can be excited from vacuum fluctuations by the expanding background. The cosmological evolution ensures that the new state modifies Maxwell's equations in a totally negligible way on sub-Hubble scales. However, on cosmological scales it can give rise to a non-negligible energy density which could explain in a natural way the present phase of accelerated expansion of the universe.

  2. Coherent hybrid electromagnetic field imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooke, Bradly J. (Jemez Springs, NM); Guenther, David C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-08-26

    An apparatus and corresponding method for coherent hybrid electromagnetic field imaging of a target, where an energy source is used to generate a propagating electromagnetic beam, an electromagnetic beam splitting means to split the beam into two or more coherently matched beams of about equal amplitude, and where the spatial and temporal self-coherence between each two or more coherently matched beams is preserved. Two or more differential modulation means are employed to modulate each two or more coherently matched beams with a time-varying polarization, frequency, phase, and amplitude signal. An electromagnetic beam combining means is used to coherently combine said two or more coherently matched beams into a coherent electromagnetic beam. One or more electromagnetic beam controlling means are used for collimating, guiding, or focusing the coherent electromagnetic beam. One or more apertures are used for transmitting and receiving the coherent electromagnetic beam to and from the target. A receiver is used that is capable of square-law detection of the coherent electromagnetic beam. A waveform generator is used that is capable of generation and control of time-varying polarization, frequency, phase, or amplitude modulation waveforms and sequences. A means of synchronizing time varying waveform is used between the energy source and the receiver. Finally, a means of displaying the images created by the interaction of the coherent electromagnetic beam with target is employed.

  3. Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since radar involves the transmission, propagation and scattering of EM waves by various is the electrostatic force between two point charges. #12;Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves Electric fields

  4. Vibration Harvesting using Electromagnetic Transduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterbury, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Puers, “Harvesting Energy from Vibrations by a Micromachinedsignal processing using vibration-based power generation,”electromagnetic generator for vibration energy harvesting,”

  5. Electromagnetism on Anisotropic Fractals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Ostoja-Starzewski

    2011-06-08

    We derive basic equations of electromagnetic fields in fractal media which are specified by three indepedent fractal dimensions {\\alpha}_{i} in the respective directions x_{i} (i=1,2,3) of the Cartesian space in which the fractal is embedded. To grasp the generally anisotropic structure of a fractal, we employ the product measure, so that the global forms of governing equations may be cast in forms involving conventional (integer-order) integrals, while the local forms are expressed through partial differential equations with derivatives of integer order but containing coefficients involving the {\\alpha}_{i}'s. First, a formulation based on product measures is shown to satisfy the four basic identities of vector calculus. This allows a generalization of the Green-Gauss and Stokes theorems as well as the charge conservation equation on anisotropic fractals. Then, pursuing the conceptual approach, we derive the Faraday and Amp\\`ere laws for such fractal media, which, along with two auxiliary null-divergence conditions, effectively give the modified Maxwell equations. Proceeding on a separate track, we employ a variational principle for electromagnetic fields, appropriately adapted to fractal media, to independently derive the same forms of these two laws. It is next found that the parabolic (for a conducting medium) and the hyperbolic (for a dielectric medium) equations involve modified gradient operators, while the Poynting vector has the same form as in the non-fractal case. Finally, Maxwell's electromagnetic stress tensor is reformulated for fractal systems. In all the cases, the derived equations for fractal media depend explicitly on fractal dimensions and reduce to conventional forms for continuous media with Euclidean geometries upon setting the dimensions to integers.

  6. Gravitation and electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. P. Dmitriyev

    2002-07-23

    Maxwell's equations comprise both electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The transverse part of the vector potential belongs to magnetism, the longitudinal one is concerned with gravitation. The Coulomb gauge indicates that longitudinal components of the fields propagate instantaneously. The delta-function singularity of the field of the divergence of the vector potential, referred to as the dilatation center, represents an elementary agent of gravitation. Viewing a particle as a source or a scattering center of the point dilatation, the Newton's gravitation law can be reproduced.

  7. Electromagnetic Probes in PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabor David

    2006-09-21

    Electromagnetic probes are arguably the most universal tools to study the different physics processes in high energy hadron and heavy ion collisions. In this paper we summarize recent measurements of real and virtual direct photons at central rapidity by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions. We also discuss the impact of the results and the constraints they put on theoretical models. At the end we report on the immediate as well as on the mid-term future of photon measurements at RHIC.

  8. Electromagnetic neutrino: a short review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander I. Studenikin

    2014-11-09

    A short review on selected issues related to the problem of neutrino electromagnetic properties is given. After a flash look at the theoretical basis of neutrino electromagnetic form factors, constraints on neutrino magnetic moments and electric millicharge from terrestrial experiments and astrophysical observations are discussed. We also focus on some recent studies of the problem and on perspectives.

  9. Quantitative Fluorescence Microscopy autofocusing, z-axis calibration, image sensors, fluorescence lifetime imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Prof. dr ir A. van den Bos, Technische Universiteit Delft Prof. dr H.J. Tanke, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden of ideas and concepts that other people have set out for you. Now it is your turn. You get to design lifetime calculation 124 Dual-lifetime estimators 127 Materials and methods 130 Calibration of the FLIM

  10. Structural and thermal modeling of a z-axis rate integrating gyroscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, C C; Shkel, A M

    2003-01-01

    and Pisano A P 1998 Microelectromechanical ?lters for signaldevelopment of microelectromechanical (MEM) gyroscopes. By

  11. Electromagnetic neutrinos in terrestrial experiments and astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Giunti; Konstantin A. Kouzakov; Yu-Feng Li; Alexey V. Lokhov; Alexander I. Studenikin; Shun Zhou

    2015-06-17

    An overview of neutrino electromagnetic properties, which open a door to the new physics beyond the Standard Model, is given. The effects of neutrino electromagnetic interactions both in terrestrial experiments and in astrophysical environments are discussed. The experimental bounds on neutrino electromagnetic characteristics are summarized. Future astrophysical probes of electromagnetic neutrinos are outlined.

  12. Electromagnetic Signals from Bacterial DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Widom; J. Swain; Y. N. Srivastava; S. Sivasubramanian

    2012-02-09

    Chemical reactions can be induced at a distance due to the propagation of electromagnetic signals during intermediate chemical stages. Although is is well known at optical frequencies, e.g. photosynthetic reactions, electromagnetic signals hold true for muck lower frequencies. In E. coli bacteria such electromagnetic signals can be generated by electric transitions between energy levels describing electrons moving around DNA loops. The electromagnetic signals between different bacteria within a community is a "wireless" version of intercellular communication found in bacterial communities connected by "nanowires". The wireless broadcasts can in principle be of both the AM and FM variety due to the magnetic flux periodicity in electron energy spectra in bacterial DNA orbital motions.

  13. Electromagnetic Calorimeter for HADES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Czyzycki; E. Epple; L. Fabbietti; M. Golubeva; F. Guber; A. Ivashkin; M. Kajetanowicz; A. Krasa; F. Krizek; A. Kugler; K. Lapidus; E. Lisowski; J. Pietraszko; A. Reshetin; P. Salabura; Y. Sobolev; J. Stanislav; P. Tlusty; T. Torrieri; M. Traxler

    2011-11-28

    We propose to build the Electromagnetic calorimeter for the HADES di-lepton spectrometer. It will enable to measure the data on neutral meson production from nucleus-nucleus collisions, which are essential for interpretation of dilepton data, but are unknown in the energy range of planned experiments (2-10 GeV per nucleon). The calorimeter will improve the electron-hadron separation, and will be used for detection of photons from strange resonances in elementary and HI reactions. Detailed description of the detector layout, the support structure, the electronic readout and its performance studied via Monte Carlo simulations and series of dedicated test experiments is presented. The device will cover the total area of about 8 m^2 at polar angles between 12 and 45 degrees with almost full azimuthal coverage. The photon and electron energy resolution achieved in test experiments amounts to 5-6%/sqrt(E[GeV]) which is sufficient for the eta meson reconstruction with S/B ratio of 0.4% in Ni+Ni collisions at 8 AGeV. A purity of the identified leptons after the hadron rejection, resulting from simulations based on the test measurements, is better than 80% at momenta above 500 MeV/c, where time-of-flight cannot be used.

  14. SOLAR NANTENNA ELECTROMAGNETIC COLLECTORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven D. Novack; Dale K. Kotter; Dennis Slafer; Patrick Pinhero

    2008-08-01

    This research explores a new efficient approach for producing electricity from the abundant energy of the sun. A nanoantenna electromagnetic collector (NEC) has been designed, prototyped, and tested. Proof of concept has been validated. The device targets mid-infrared wavelengths where conventional photovoltaic (PV) solar cells do not respond but is abundant in solar energy. The initial concept of designing NEC antennas was based on scaling of radio frequency antenna theory. This approach has proven unsuccessful by many due to not fully understanding and accounting for the optical behavior of materials in the THz region. Also until recent years the nanofabrication methods were not available to fabricate the optical antenna elements. We have addressed and overcome both technology barriers. Several factors were critical in successful implementation of NEC including: 1) frequency-dependent modeling of antenna elements, 2) selection of materials with proper THz properties and 3) novel manufacturing methods that enable economical large-scale manufacturing. The work represents an important step toward the ultimate realization of a low-cost device that will collect as well as convert this radiation into electricity, which will lead to a wide spectrum, high conversion efficiency, and low cost solution to complement conventional PVs.

  15. Black Hole Thermodynamics and Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burra G. Sidharth

    2005-07-15

    We show a strong parallel between the Hawking, Beckenstein black hole Thermodynamics and electromagnetism: When the gravitational coupling constant transform into the electromagnetic coupling constant, the Schwarzchild radius, the Beckenstein temperature, the Beckenstein decay time and the Planck mass transform to respectively the Compton wavelength, the Hagedorn temperature, the Compton time and a typical elementary particle mass. The reasons underlying this parallalism are then discussed in detail.

  16. Objects of maximum electromagnetic chirality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez-Corbaton, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a definition of the electromagnetic chirality of an object and show that it has an upper bound. The upper bound is attained if and only if the object is transparent for fields of one handedness (helicity). Additionally, electromagnetic duality symmetry, i.e. helicity preservation upon scattering, turns out to be a necessary condition for reciprocal scatterers to attain the upper bound. We use these results to provide requirements for the design of such extremal scatterers. The requirements can be formulated as constraints on the polarizability tensors for dipolar scatterers or as material constitutive relations. We also outline two applications for objects of maximum electromagnetic chirality: A twofold resonantly enhanced and background free circular dichroism measurement setup, and angle independent helicity filtering glasses.

  17. Electromagnetic radiation by gravitating bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwo Bialynicki-Birula; Zofia Bialynicka-Birula

    2008-05-06

    Gravitating bodies in motion, regardless of their constitution, always produce electromagnetic radiation in the form of photon pairs. This phenomenon is an analog of the radiation caused by the motion of dielectric (or magnetic) bodies. It is a member of a wide class of phenomena named dynamical Casimir effects, and it may be viewed as the squeezing of the electromagnetic vacuum. Production of photon pairs is a purely quantum-mechanical effect. Unfortunately, as we show, the emitted radiation is extremely weak as compared to radiation produced by other mechanisms.

  18. Electromagnetic formation flight dipole solution planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweighart, Samuel A. (Samuel Adam), 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Electromagnetic Formation Flight (EMFF) describes the concept of using electromagnets (coupled with reaction wheels) to provide all of the necessary forces and torques needed to maintain a satellite's relative position and ...

  19. Self-Duality in Nonlinear Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mary K. Gaillard; Bruno Zumino

    1997-05-28

    We discuss duality invariant interactions between electromagnetic fields and matter. The case of scalar fields is treated in some detail.

  20. Why Study Electromagnetics: The First Unit in an Undergraduate Electromagnetics Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taflove, Allen

    1 Why Study Electromagnetics: The First Unit in an Undergraduate Electromagnetics Course Allen unification of electric and magnetic fields predicting electromagnetic wave phenomena which Nobel Laureate: "Of what relevance is the study of electromagnetics to our modern society?" The goal of this unit

  1. STIMULATED ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS BY HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMPING OF THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STIMULATED ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS BY HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMPING OF THE IONOSPHERIC.S.A. Abstract. A high frequency electromagnetic pump wave transmitted into the ionospheric plasma from the ground can stimulate electromagnetic radiation with frequencies around that of the ionospher- ically

  2. EE335 Electromagnetic Theory II Text: Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics 5e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    EE335 Electromagnetic Theory II Text: Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics 5e Author: Fawwaz T://www.coe.montana.edu/ee/tjkaiser/EE335/ Office Hours: M 9am, W 10am Prerequisites: EE334 Electromagnetic Theory I or permission from: Exam 1 100 Exam 2 100 Exam 3 100 Term paper 100 Homework 100 Final Exam 200 #12;EE 335 Electromagnetic

  3. Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Claude

    Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory C. Bernard and E.D. Freeland perturbation theory including electromagnetism, and discuss the extent to which quenched-photon simulations can-lat]17Nov2010 #12;Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory E.D. Freeland 1

  4. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6 (1) Consider the expression for the electric field due · dS over a spherical surface that encloses the moving charge. (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave density and the Poynting vector. (2c) Repeat the steps in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic wave

  5. Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays Daniel W. Kwon and David W. Miller February 2005 SSL # 2-05 #12;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays By DANIEL W. KWON S;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays by DANIEL W. KWON Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics

  6. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1a) The Null Energy Condition on an energy = (k, 0, 0, k), show that the energy-momentum tensor Tµ = 1 4 Fµ F - 1 4µ F F (1) for electromagnetism if the equality kµ k Tµ = 0 is attained. (2) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for electromagnetism can

  7. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 7 (1) Consider the non-relativistic motion of a particle momentum of the particle about the centre of the force at r = 0.) (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave the energy density and the Poynting vector. (2c) Repeat the steps in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic

  8. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6 (1) A small test particle (mass m and positive charge q of the orbit. (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave for which the electric field is given by E = E0 sin t (sin in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic wave for which the electric field is E = E0 cos z (cos t, - sin

  9. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1) Consider the expression for the electric field due · dS over a spherical surface that encloses the moving charge. (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave density and the Poynting vector. (2c) Repeat the steps in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic wave

  10. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1a) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field is tracefree, i.e. Tµ µ = 0. What would happen, in a spacetime dimension d = 4? (Assume) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field can be written as Tµ = 1 8 (Fµ F

  11. Electromagnetic Interrogation of Dielectric Materials 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Interrogation of Dielectric Materials 1 H.T. Banks M.W. Buksas Center for Research grant P200A40730. #12; Abstract We investigate time domain based electromagnetic inverse problems electromagnetic phenomenon. For our purposes, we categorize the materials and the models employed to describe them

  12. Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall 2014 Course Outline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haimovich, Alexander

    ECE 620 Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall 2014 Course Outline Instructor: Dr. Gerald Whitman Text of electromagnetic phenomena that vary sinusoidally in time. Course Learning Outcome: Students will learn fundamental knowledge of ac electromagnetic theory, which is needed for a broad spectrum of electrical engineering

  13. Solar/Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting and Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    INVITED P A P E R Solar/Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting and Wireless Power Transmission This paper reviews numerous existing efforts and solutions in the field of solar and electromagnetic energy of solar/electromagnetic energy harvest- ing and wireless power transmission. More specifically, the paper

  14. Strong permanent magnet-assisted electromagnetic undulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Halbach, Klaus (Berkeley, CA)

    1988-01-01

    This invention discloses an improved undulator comprising a plurality of electromagnet poles located along opposite sides of a particle beam axis with alternate north and south poles on each side of the beam to cause the beam to wiggle or undulate as it travels generally along the beam axis and permanent magnets spaced adjacent the electromagnetic poles on each side of the axis of said particle beam in an orientation sufficient to reduce the saturation of the electromagnet poles whereby the field strength of the electromagnet poles can be increased beyond the normal saturation levels of the electromagnetic poles.

  15. Some Wave Equations for Electromagnetism and Gravitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2010-08-11

    The paper studies the inferences of wave equations for electromagnetic fields when there are gravitational fields at the same time. In the description with the algebra of octonions, the inferences of wave equations are identical with that in conventional electromagnetic theory with vector terminology. By means of the octonion exponential function, we can draw out that the electromagnetic waves are transverse waves in a vacuum, and rephrase the law of reflection, Snell's law, Fresnel formula, and total internal reflection etc. The study claims that the theoretical results of wave equations for electromagnetic strength keep unchanged in the case for coexistence of gravitational and electromagnetic fields. Meanwhile the electric and magnetic components of electromagnetic waves can not be determined simultaneously in electromagnetic fields.

  16. Time domain electromagnetic metal detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoekstra, P.

    1996-04-01

    This presentation focuses on illustrating by case histories the range of applications and limitations of time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) systems for buried metal detection. Advantages claimed for TDEM metal detectors are: independent of instrument response (Geonics EM61) to surrounding soil and rock type; simple anomaly shape; mitigation of interference by ambient electromagnetic noise; and responsive to both ferrous and non-ferrous metallic targets. The data in all case histories to be presented were acquired with the Geonics EM61 TDEM system. Case histories are a test bed site on Molokai, Hawaii; Fort Monroe, Virginia; and USDOE, Rocky Flats Plant. The present limitations of this technology are: discrimination capabilities in terms of type of ordnance, and depth of burial is limited, and ability of resolving targets with small metallic ambient needs to be improved.

  17. Electromagnetism Tutorial (Tutorial de Eletromagnetismo)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dantas, Christine C

    2009-01-01

    The present tutorial aims at covering the fundamentals of electromagnetism, in a condensed and clear manner. Some solved and proposed exercises have been included. The reader is assumed to have knowledge of basic electricity, partial derivatives and multiple integrals. ----- O presente tutorial visa cobrir os fundamentos do eletromagnetismo, de forma condensada e clara. Alguns exercicios resolvidos e propostos foram incluidos. Assume-se conhecimento de eletricidade basica, derivadas parciais e integrais multiplas.

  18. Dark Energy, Gravitation and Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. G. Sidharth

    2004-01-08

    In the context of the fact that the existence of dark energy causing the accelerated expansion of the universe has been confirmed by the WMAP and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we re-examine gravitation itself, starting with the formulation of Sakharov and show that it is possible to obtain gravitation in terms of the electromagnetic charge of elementary particles, once the ZPF and its effects at the Compton scale are taken into account.

  19. Laminated electromagnetic pump stator core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fanning, A.W.

    1995-08-08

    A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially abutting tapered laminations extending radially outwardly from a centerline axis to collectively define a radially inner bore and a radially outer circumference. Each of the laminations includes radially inner and outer edges and has a thickness increasing from the inner edge toward the outer edge to provide a substantially continuous path adjacent the circumference. This pump is used in nuclear fission reactors. 19 figs.

  20. The nature of electromagnetic energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerrold Franklin

    2012-05-29

    The nature of the electromagnetic (EM) energy for general charge and current distributions is analyzed. There are two well known forms for calculating EM energy as the integral over all space of either the electromagnetic fields: $u_{\\bf EB}=({\\bf E\\bcdot D+B\\bcdot H})/8\\pi$, or the electromagnetic potentials and charge-current densities: $u_{\\rho{\\bf A}}=1/2(\\rho\\phi+{\\bf j\\bcdot A})$. We discuss the appropriate use of each of these forms in calculating the total EM energy and the EM energy within a limited volume. We conclude that only the form $u_{\\bf EB}$ can be considered as a suitable EM energy density, while either form can be integrated to find the total EM energy. However, bounding surface integrals (if they don't vanish) must be included when using the $u_{\\bf EB}$ form. Including these surface integrals resolves some seeming paradoxes in the energy of electric or magnetic dipoles in uniform fields

  1. Electromagnetic Effects in SDF Explosions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reichenbach, H; Neuwald, P; Kuhl, A L

    2010-02-12

    The notion of high ion and electron concentrations in the detonation of aluminized explosive mixtures has aroused some interest in electro-magnetic effects that the SDF charges might generate when detonated. Motivated by this interest we have started to investigate whether significant electro-magnetic effects show up in our small-scale experiments. However, the design of instrumentation for this purpose is far from straightforward, since there are a number of open questions. Thus the main aim of the feasibility tests is to find - if possible - a simple and reliable method that can be used as a diagnostic tool for electro-magnetic effects. SDF charges with a 0.5-g PETN booster and a filling of 1 g aluminum flakes have been investigated in three barometric bomb calorimeters with volumes ranging from 6.3 l to of 6.6 l. Though similar in volume, the barometric bombs differed in the length-to-diameter ratio. The tests were carried out with the bombs filled with either air or nitrogen at ambient pressure. The comparison of the test in air to those in nitrogen shows that the combustion of TNT detonation products or aluminum generates a substantial increase of the quasi-steady overpressure in the bombs. Repeated tests in the same configuration resulted in some scatter of the experimental results. The most likely reason is that the aluminum combustion in most or all cases is incomplete and that the amount of aluminum actually burned varies from test to test. The mass fraction burned apparently decreases with increasing aspect ratio L/D. Thus an L/D-ratio of about 1 is optimal for the performance of shock-dispersed-fuel combustion. However, at an L/D-ratio of about 5 the combustion still yields appreciable overpressure in excess of the detonation. For a multi-burst scenario in a tunnel environment with a number of SDF charges distributed along a tunnel section a spacing of 5 tunnel diameter and a fuel-specific volume of around 7 l/g might provide an acceptable compromise between optimizing the combustion performance and keeping the number of elementary charges low. Further tests in a barometric bomb calorimeter of 21.2 l volume were performed with four types of aluminum. The mass fraction burned in this case appeared to depend on the morphology of the aluminum particles. Flake aluminum exhibited a better performance than granulated aluminum with particle sizes ranging from below 25 {micro}m to 125 {micro}m for the coarsest material. In addition, a feasibility study on electro-magnetic effects from SDF charges detonated in a tunnel has been performed. A method was developed to measure the local, unsteady electro-conductivity in the detonation/combustion products cloud. This method proved to yield reproducible results. A variety of methods were tested with regard to probing electro-magnetic pulses from the detonation of SDF charges. The results showed little reproducibility and were small compared to the effect from pulsed high voltage discharges of comparatively small energy (around 32 J). Thus either no significant electromagnetic pulse is generated in our small-scale tests or the tested techniques have to be discarded as too insensitive or too limited in bandwidth to detect possibly very high frequency electro-magnetic disturbances.

  2. Electromagnetic wave scattering by Schwarzschild black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira

    2009-05-20

    We analyze the scattering of a planar monochromatic electromagnetic wave incident upon a Schwarzschild black hole. We obtain accurate numerical results from the partial wave method for the electromagnetic scattering cross section, and show that they are in excellent agreement with analytical approximations. The scattering of electromagnetic waves is compared with the scattering of scalar, spinor and gravitational waves. We present a unified picture of the scattering of all massless fields for the first time.

  3. An electromagnetic analog of gravitational wave memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lydia Bieri; David Garfinkle

    2013-09-10

    We present an electromagnetic analog of gravitational wave memory. That is, we consider what change has occurred to a detector of electromagnetic radiation after the wave has passed. Rather than a distortion in the detector, as occurs in the gravitational wave case, we find a residual velocity (a "kick") to the charges in the detector. In analogy with the two types of gravitational wave memory ("ordinary" and "nonlinear") we find two types of electromagnetic kick.

  4. 611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 4 (1a) The angular momentum 3-vector L is defined by Li) Prove from the above that for the electromagnetic field, L = 1 4 r × (E × B) d3 x (b) Prove that dR dt = P E where R is the centre of mass of the electromagnetic field, defined by R Wd3x = rWd3x

  5. Electromagnetic interactions at RHIC and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Guclu

    2008-11-15

    At LHC energies the Lorentz factor will be 3400 for the Pb + Pb collisions and the electromagnetic interactions will play important roles. Cross sections for the electromagnetic particle productions are very large and can not be ignored for the lifetimes of the beams and background. In this article, we are going to study some of the electromagnetic processes at RHIC and LHC and show the cross section calculations of the electron-positron pair production with the giant dipole resonance of the ions.

  6. Anisotropic conducting films for electromagnetic radiation applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cavallo, Francesca; Lagally, Max G.; Rojas-Delgado, Richard

    2015-06-16

    Electronic devices for the generation of electromagnetic radiation are provided. Also provided are methods for using the devices to generate electromagnetic radiation. The radiation sources include an anisotropic electrically conducting thin film that is characterized by a periodically varying charge carrier mobility in the plane of the film. The periodic variation in carrier mobility gives rise to a spatially varying electric field, which produces electromagnetic radiation as charged particles pass through the film.

  7. Thin sheet casting with electromagnetic pressurization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walk, Steven R. (Winterport, ME); Slepian, R. Michael (Pittsburgh, PA); Nathenson, Richard D. (Pittsburgh, PA); Williams, Robert S. (Fairfield, OH)

    1991-01-01

    An apparatus, method and system for the casting of thin strips or strips of metal upon a moving chill block that includes an electromagnet located so that molten metal poured from a reservoir onto the chill block passes into the magnetic field produced by the electromagnet. The electromagnet produces a force on the molten metal on said chill block in the direction toward said chill block in order to enhance thermal contact between the molten metal and the chill block.

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: Electromagnetics: Main Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LABORATORIES Electromagnetics (EM) is the study of the nature and interaction of static and dynamic electric and magnetic fields. Telecommunications, navigational guidance,...

  9. Study of nucleon resonances with electromagnetic interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. -S. H. Lee; L. C. Smith

    2006-11-10

    Recent developments in using electromagnetic meson production reactions to study the structure of nucleon resonances are reviewed. Possible future works are discussed.

  10. 6.630 Electromagnetic Theory, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Jin Au, 1942-

    6.630 is an introductory subject on electromagnetics, emphasizing fundamental concepts and applications of Maxwell equations. Topics covered include: polarization, dipole antennas, wireless communications, forces and energy, ...

  11. Detection of electromagnetic waves using MEMS antennas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavrik, Nickolay V [ORNL] [ORNL; Tobin, [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Bowland, Landon T [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    We describe the design, fabrication and characterization of simple micromechanical structures that are capable of sensing static electric time varying electromagnetic fields. Time varying electric field sensing is usually achieved using an electromagnetic antenna and a receiver. However, these antenna-based approaches do not exhibit high sensitivity over a broad frequency (or wavelength) range. An important aspect of the present work is that, in contrast to traditional antennas, the dimensions of these micromechanical oscillators can be much smaller than the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave. We characterized the fabricated micromechanical oscillators by measuring their responses to time varying electric and electromagnetic fields.

  12. 22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions, Fall 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchinson, I. H. (Ian H.)

    Principles and applications of electromagnetism, starting from Maxwell's equations, with emphasis on phenomena important to nuclear engineering and radiation sciences. Solution methods for electrostatic and magnetostatic ...

  13. Electromagnetic properties of massive neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobrynina, A. A., E-mail: aleksandradobrynina@rambler.ru; Mikheev, N. V.; Narynskaya, E. N. [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)] [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15

    The vertex function for a virtual massive neutrino is calculated in the limit of soft real photons. A method based on employing the neutrino self-energy operator in a weak external electromagnetic field in the approximation linear in the field is developed in order to render this calculation of the vertex function convenient. It is shown that the electric charge and the electric dipole moment of the real neutrino are zero; only the magnetic moment is nonzero for massive neutrinos. A fourth-generation heavy neutrino of mass not less than half of the Z-boson mass is considered as a massive neutrino.

  14. Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

    2014-11-26

    Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

  15. 466 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 Electromagnetic Pulses Produced by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    discharge, lightning electromagnetic (EM) pulse, trav- eling wave, wave reflections. I. INTRODUCTION466 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 Electromagnetic Pulses Produced by Bouncing-Wave-Type Lightning Discharges Amitabh Nag, Member, IEEE, and Vladimir A

  16. Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 114, 317332, 2011 PULSED BEAM EXPANSION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melamed, Timor

    Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 114, 317­332, 2011 PULSED BEAM EXPANSION-based pulsed-beams expansion of planar aperture time- dependent electromagnetic fields. The propagating field-beam waveobjects over the frame spectral lattice. Explicit asymptotic expressions for the electromagnetic pulsed

  17. ZAP Latin America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County, NewYorktownZ-Axis TipperLatin America

  18. ZEN Eaga Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County, NewYorktownZ-Axis TipperLatin

  19. Electromagnetic Eavesdropping Risks of Flat-Panel Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    Electromagnetic Eavesdropping Risks of Flat-Panel Displays Markus G. Kuhn University of Cambridge/ Abstract. Electromagnetic eavesdropping of computer displays ­ first demonstrated to the general public shielded against such compromising electromagnetic emanations. The exact "TEMPEST" emis- sion limits

  20. Localization of fremions in rotating electromagnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Gisin

    2015-06-15

    Parameters of localization are defined in the lab and rotating frame for solutions of the Dirac equation in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and constant magnetic field. The radius of localization is of the order of the electromagnetic wavelength and lesser.

  1. Space-time Curvature of Classical Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. W. M. Woodside

    2004-10-08

    The space-time curvature carried by electromagnetic fields is discovered and a new unification of geometry and electromagnetism is found. Curvature is invariant under charge reversal symmetry. Electromagnetic field equations are examined with De Rham co homology theory. Radiative electromagnetic fields must be exact and co exact to preclude unobserved massless topological charges. Weyl's conformal tensor, here called ``the gravitational field'', is decomposed into a divergence-free non-local piece with support everywhere and a local piece with the same support as the matter. By tuning a local gravitational field to a Maxwell field the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field is discovered. This gravitational field carries the electromagnetic field's polarization or phase information, unlike Maxwell's stress-energy tensor. The unification assumes Einstein's equations and derives Maxwell's equations from curvature assumptions. Gravity forbids magnetic monopoles! This unification is stronger than the Einstein-Maxwell equations alone, as those equations must produce the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field and not just any conformal tensor. Charged black holes are examples. Curvature of radiative null electromagnetic fields is characterized.

  2. Electromagnetic corrections to light hadron masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Portelli; S. Dürr; Z. Fodor; J. Frison; C. Hoelbling; S. D. Katz; S. Krieg; T. Kurth; L. Lellouch; T. Lippert; K. K. Szabó; A. Ramos

    2011-01-12

    At the precision reached in current lattice QCD calculations, electromagnetic effects are becoming numerically relevant. We will present preliminary results for electromagnetic corrections to light hadron masses, based on simulations in which a $\\mathrm{U}(1)$ degree of freedom is superimposed on $N_f=2+1$ QCD configurations from the BMW collaboration.

  3. Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments.

  4. Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1996-11-19

    A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments. 12 figs.

  5. Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    ;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions that should be understood to properly interpret the remotely sensed data. For example, if the energy being nanosecond (10-9 s). The electromagnetic wave consists of two fluctuating fields--one electric and the other

  6. Ultimate Energy Densities for Electromagnetic Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mankei Tsang

    2008-03-06

    The ultimate electric and magnetic energy densities that can be attained by bandlimited electromagnetic pulses in free space are calculated using an ab initio quantized treatment, and the quantum states of electromagnetic fields that achieve the ultimate energy densities are derived. The ultimate energy densities also provide an experimentally accessible metric for the degree of localization of polychromatic photons.

  7. Noninvasive valve monitor using alternating electromagnetic field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eissenberg, D.M.; Haynes, H.D.; Casada, D.A.

    1993-03-16

    One or more electrical coils are carefully located on the outside of a valve body. An alternating current passing through the coil(s) results in an alternating electromagnetic field being transmitted into the valve body and valve internals. The electromagnetic field varies in intensity and polarity in the valve. As the position of a valve internal part is changed, the electromagnetic field throughout the valve body and its internals is altered. A passive receiver coil carefully located on the outside of the valve body detects the intensity of the electromagnetic field at that location as an induced electrical voltage in the coil. With the change in position of the valve internal part, there is a corresponding change in the induced voltage as a result of the alteration in the alternating electromagnetic field at that location. Changes in the voltage provide an indication of the position and motion of valve internals.

  8. Noninvasive valve monitor using alternating electromagnetic field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Casada, Donald A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1993-01-01

    One or more electrical coils are carefully located on the outside of a valve body. An alternating current passing through the coil(s) results in an alternating electromagnetic field being transmitted into the valve body and valve internals. The electromagnetic field varies in intensity and polarity in the valve. As the position of a valve internal part is changed, the electromagnetic field throughout the valve body and its internals is altered. A passive receiver coil carefully located on the outside of the valve body detects the intensity of the electromagnetic field at that location as an induced electrical voltage in the coil. With the change in position of the valve internal part, there is a corresponding change in the induced voltage as a result of the alteration in the alternating electromagnetic field at that location. Changes in the voltage provide an indication of the position and motion of valve internals.

  9. Electromagnetic field with constraints and Papapetrou equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Ya. Turakulov; A. T. Muminov

    2006-01-12

    It is shown that geometric optical description of electromagnetic wave with account of its polarization in curved space-time can be obtained straightforwardly from the classical variational principle for electromagnetic field. For this end the entire functional space of electromagnetic fields must be reduced to its subspace of locally plane monochromatic waves. We have formulated the constraints under which the entire functional space of electromagnetic fields reduces to its subspace of locally plane monochromatic waves. These constraints introduce variables of another kind which specify a field of local frames associated to the wave and contain some congruence of null-curves. The Lagrangian for constrained electromagnetic field contains variables of two kinds, namely, a congruence of null-curves and the field itself. This yields two kinds of Euler-Lagrange equations. Equations of first kind are trivial due to the constraints imposed. Variation of the curves yields the Papapetrou equations for a classical massless particle with helicity 1.

  10. An electromagnetic black hole made of metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang Cheng; Tie Jun Cui; Wei Xiang Jiang; Ben Geng Cai

    2010-04-30

    Traditionally, a black hole is a region of space with huge gravitational field, which absorbs everything hitting it. In history, the black hole was first discussed by Laplace under the Newton mechanics, whose event horizon radius is the same as the Schwarzschild's solution of the Einstein's vacuum field equations. If all those objects having such an event horizon radius but different gravitational fields are called as black holes, then one can simulate certain properties of the black holes using electromagnetic fields and metamaterials due to the similar propagation behaviours of electromagnetic waves in curved space and in inhomogeneous metamaterials. In a recent theoretical work by Narimanov and Kildishev, an optical black hole has been proposed based on metamaterials, in which the theoretical analysis and numerical simulations showed that all electromagnetic waves hitting it are trapped and absorbed. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of such an electromagnetic black hole in the microwave frequencies. The proposed black hole is composed of non-resonant and resonant metamaterial structures, which can trap and absorb electromagnetic waves coming from all directions spirally inwards without any reflections due to the local control of electromagnetic fields and the event horizon corresponding to the device boundary. It is shown that the absorption rate can reach 99% in the microwave frequencies. We expect that the electromagnetic black hole could be used as the thermal emitting source and to harvest the solar light.

  11. Alternative expression for the electromagnetic Lagrangian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldanha, Pablo L

    2015-01-01

    We propose an alternative expression for the Lagrangian density that governs the interaction of a charged particle with external electromagnetic fields. The proposed Lagrangian is written in terms of the local superposition of the particle fields with the applied electromagnetic fields, not in terms of the particle charge and of the electromagnetic potentials as is usual. The total Lagrangian for a set of charged particles assumes a simple elegant form with the alternative formulation, giving an aesthetic support for it. The proposed Lagrangian is equivalent to the traditional one in their domain of validity and provides an interesting description of the Aharonov-Bohm effect.

  12. Spinors and pre-metric electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Delphenich

    2005-12-22

    The basic concepts of the formulation of Maxwellian electromagnetism in the absence of a Minkowski scalar product on spacetime are summarized, with particular emphasis on the way that the electromagnetic constitutive law on the space of bivectors over spacetime supplants the role of the Minkowski scalar product on spacetime itself. The complex geometry of the space of bivectors is summarized, with the intent of showing how an isomorphic copy of the Lorentz group appears in that context. The use of complex 3-spinors to represent electromagnetic fields is then discussed, as well as the expansion of scope that the more general complex projective geometry of the space of bivectors suggests.

  13. On the Axioms of Topological Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2003-12-14

    The axioms of topological electromagnetism are refined by the introduction of the de Rham homology of k-vector fields on orientable manifolds and the use of Poincare duality in place of Hodge duality. The central problem of defining the electromagnetic constitutive law is elaborated upon in the linear and nonlinear cases. The manner by which the spacetime metric might follow from the constitutive law is examined in the linear case. The possibility that the intersection form of the spacetime manifold might play a role in defining a topological basis for the constitutive law is explored. The manner by which wave motion might follow from the electromagnetic structure is also discussed.

  14. Counting energy packets in the electromagnetic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Popescu; Bernhard Rothenstein

    2007-05-18

    We discuss the concept of energy packets in respect to the energy transported by electromagnetic waves and we demonstrate that this physical quantity can be used in physical problems involving relativistic effects. This refined concept provides results compatible to those obtained by simpler definition of energy density when relativistic effects apply to the free electromagnetic waves. We found this concept further compatible to quantum theory perceptions and we show how it could be used to conciliate between different physical approaches including the classical electromagnetic wave theory, the special relativity and the quantum theories.

  15. Electromagnetic Properties for Arbitrary Spin Particles: Part 1 $-$ Electromagnetic Current and Multipole Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cédric Lorcé

    2009-01-27

    In a set of two papers, we propose to study an old-standing problem, namely the electromagnetic interaction for particles of arbitrary spin. Based on the assumption that light-cone helicity at tree level and $Q^2=0$ should be conserved non-trivially by the electromagnetic interaction, we are able to derive \\emph{all} the natural electromagnetic moments for a pointlike particle of \\emph{any} spin. In this first paper, we propose a transparent decomposition of the electromagnetic current in terms of covariant vertex functions. We also define in a general way the electromagnetic multipole form factors, and show their relation with the electromagnetic moments. Finally, by considering the Breit frame, we relate the covariant vertex functions to multipole form factors.

  16. Electromagnetic Side Channels of an FPGA Implementation of AES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Electromagnetic Side Channels of an FPGA Implementation of AES Vincent Carlier, Hervâ??e Chabanne processed. Another side channel is the one that exploits the Electromagnetic (EM) emanations. Indeed references. In [QS01, GMO01], Simple Electromagnetic Analysis (SEMA) and Di#erential Electromagnetic Analysis

  17. Electromagnetic Side Channels of an FPGA Implementation of AES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Electromagnetic Side Channels of an FPGA Implementation of AES Vincent Carlier, Herv´e Chabanne processed. Another side channel is the one that exploits the Electromagnetic (EM) emanations. Indeed references. In [QS01, GMO01], Simple Electromagnetic Analysis (SEMA) and Differential Electromagnetic

  18. Dr. S. Cruz-Pol, INEL 4152-Electromagnetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz-Pol, Sandra L.

    Electromagnetics was born! Ø This is the principle of motors, hydro-electric generators and transformers operationDr. S. Cruz-Pol, INEL 4152- Electromagnetics Electrical Engineering, UPRM 1 Electromagnetic JdlH Cruz-Pol, Electromagnetics UPRM Would magnetism would produce electricity? Ø Eleven years later

  19. ECE 1228 Electromagnetics Theory Instructor Name: Mo Mojahedi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojahedi, Mohammad

    ECE 1228 Electromagnetics Theory Instructor Name: Mo Mojahedi Office Location: Room SF2001D Tel: 416-978-0908 Email: mojahedi@waves.utoronto.ca Course Name and number: Electromagnetics Theory, ECE in Electromagnetics and Photonics. It revisits and expands some of the more fundamental electromagnetic laws

  20. Least-squares methods for computational electromagnetics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolev, Tzanio Valentinov

    2004-11-15

    The modeling of electromagnetic phenomena described by the Maxwell's equations is of critical importance in many practical applications. The numerical simulation of these equations is challenging and much more involved than initially believed...

  1. Dynamic programming applied to electromagnetic satellite actuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eslinger, Gregory John

    2013-01-01

    Electromagnetic formation flight (EMFF) is an enabling technology for a number of space mission architectures. While much work has been done for EMFF control for large separation distances, little work has been done for ...

  2. The classical geometrization of the electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celso de Araujo Duarte

    2015-08-13

    Following the line of the history, if by one side the electromagnetic theory was consolidated on the 19th century, the emergence of the special and the general relativity theories on the 20th century opened possibilities of further developments, with the search for the unification of the gravitation and the electromagnetism on a single unified theory. Some attempts to the geometrization of the electromagnetism emerged in this context, where these first models resided strictly on a classical basis. Posteriorly, they were followed by more complete and embracing quantum field theories. The present work reconsiders the classical viewpoint, with the purpose of showing that at first order of approximation the electromagnetism constitutes a geometric structure aside other phenomena as gravitation, and that magnetic monopoles do not exist at least up to this order of approximation. Even though being limited, the model is consistent and offers the possibility of an experimental test of validity.

  3. ECGR3142 Electromagnetic Devices Course Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    in transformers and electrical machines; Generation of induced voltages; Electromechanical torque development, measurements of transformer parameters, transformer parameters. Basic principles of electric machines: forcesECGR3142 Electromagnetic Devices Course Description Principles of operation and basic design

  4. Electromagnetic Characterization of MIMO Communication Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heath Jr., - Robert W.

    Electromagnetic Characterization of MIMO Communication Systems Kapil R. Dandekar, Sumant Kawale) wireless communication links [1, 2]. Systems with MIMO communication links use multiple antenna arrays, one generation mobile cellular systems [9]. The theoretical capabilities of MIMO communication links have been

  5. Marine Electromagnetic Methods for Gas Hydrate Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitemeyer, Karen A

    2008-01-01

    data: an electromagnetic survey at Hydrate Ridge, Oregon made possible by funding from Exxon MobilExxon Mobil and from GERD, Japan to study gas hydrates. We only had 3 days of data

  6. Marine electromagnetic methods for gas hydrate characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitemeyer, Karen Andrea

    2008-01-01

    data: an electromagnetic survey at Hydrate Ridge, Oregon made possible by funding from Exxon MobilExxon Mobil and from GERD, Japan to study gas hydrates. We only had 3 days of data

  7. Electromagnetism in terms of quantum measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Andersson

    2015-09-16

    We consider the question whether electromagnetism can be derived from quantum physics of measurements. It turns out that this is possible, both for quantum and classical electromagnetism, if we use more recent innovations such as smearing of observables and simultaneous measurability. In this way we justify the use of von Neumann-type measurement models for physical processes. We apply operational quantum measurement theory to gain insight in fundamental aspects of quantum physics. Interactions of von Neumann type make the Heisenberg evolution of observables describable using explicit operator deformations. In this way one can obtain quantized electromagnetism as a measurement of a system by another. The relevant deformations (Rieffel deformations) have a mathematically well-defined "classical" limit which is indeed classical electromagnetism for our choice of interaction.

  8. Advances in non-planar electromagnetic prototyping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrenberg, Isaac M

    2013-01-01

    The advent of metamaterials has introduced new ways to manipulate how electromagnetic waves reflect, refract and radiate in systems where the range of available material properties now includes negative permittivity, ...

  9. Nonlocal theory of electromagnetic wave decay into two electromagnetic waves in a rippled density plasma channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sati, Priti; Tripathi, V. K.

    2012-12-15

    Parametric decay of a large amplitude electromagnetic wave into two electromagnetic modes in a rippled density plasma channel is investigated. The channel is taken to possess step density profile besides a density ripple of axial wave vector. The density ripple accounts for the momentum mismatch between the interacting waves and facilitates nonlinear coupling. For a given pump wave frequency, the requisite ripple wave number varies only a little w.r.t. the frequency of the low frequency decay wave. The radial localization of electromagnetic wave reduces the growth rate of the parametric instability. The growth rate decreases with the frequency of low frequency electromagnetic wave.

  10. Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Bernard; E. D. Freeland

    2010-11-17

    To reduce errors in light-quark mass determinations, it is now necessary to consider electromagnetic contributions to light-meson masses. Calculations using staggered quarks and quenched photons are currently underway. Suitably-extended chiral perturbation theory is necessary to extrapolate the lattice data to the physical limit. Here we give (preliminary) results for light-meson masses using staggered chiral perturbation theory including electromagnetism, and discuss the extent to which quenched-photon simulations can improve quark-mass calculations.

  11. Electromagnetic Modelling of Superconducting Sensor Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerra, Guido

    OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND METALLURGY Electromagnetic Modelling of Superconducting Sensor Designs Guido Gerra Clare Hall, University of Cambridge 1 Preface The present dissertation has been submitted for the degree of Master... in the current circulating in it to the magnetic field the SQUID is subjected to. This possibility arises from the dynamics of electromagnetic fields in superconductors combined with the Josephson effect, and appropriate coupling schemes can be used to measure...

  12. Electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities in lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Detmold; B. C. Tiburzi; A. Walker-Loud

    2006-10-02

    We discuss the extraction of the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities of nucleons from lattice QCD. We show that the external field method can be used to measure all the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities including those of charged particles. We then turn to the extrapolations required to connect such calculations to experiment in the context of chiral perturbation theory, finding a strong dependence on the lattice volume and quark masses.

  13. Electromagnetic Transport From Microtearing Mode Turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guttenfelder, W; Kaye, S M; Nevins, W M; Wang, E; Bell, R E; Hammett, G W; LeBlanc, B P; Mikkelsen, D R

    2011-03-23

    This Letter presents non-linear gyrokinetic simulations of microtearing mode turbulence. The simulations include collisional and electromagnetic effects and use experimental parameters from a high beta discharge in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). The predicted electron thermal transport is comparable to that given by experimental analysis, and it is dominated by the electromagnetic contribution of electrons free streaming along the resulting stochastic magnetic field line trajectories. Experimental values of flow shear can significantly reduce the predicted transport.

  14. Discussion on the Mechanism of Electromigration from the Perspective of Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Peng; Johnson, William C.

    2010-01-01

    from the Perspective of Electromagnetism PENG ZHOU 1,3 andthe perspective of electromagnetism, rather than from thecharge, electromigration, electromagnetism INTRODUCTION

  15. Massless Dirac Fermions in Electromagnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed Jellal; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Mohammed Daoud

    2012-02-12

    We study the relations between massless Dirac fermions in an electromagnetic field and atoms in quantum optics. After getting the solutions of the energy spectrum, we show that it is possible to reproduce the 2D Dirac Hamiltonian, with all its quantum relativistic effects, in a controllable system as a single trapped ion through the Jaynes--Cummings and anti-Jaynes--Cummings models. Also we show that under certain conditions the evolution of the Dirac Hamiltonian provides us with Rashba spin-orbit and linear Dresselhaus couplings. Considering the multimode multiphoton Jaynes-Cummings model interacting with N modes of electromagnetic field prepared in general pure quantum states, we analyze the Rabi oscillation. Evaluating time evolution of the Dirac position operator, we determine the Zitterbewegung frequency and the corresponding oscillating term as function of the electromagnetic field.

  16. Near-field thermal electromagnetic transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edalatpour, Sheila

    2015-01-01

    A general near-field thermal electromagnetic transport formalism that is independent of the size, shape and number of heat sources is derived. The formalism is based on fluctuational electrodynamics, where fluctuating currents due to thermal agitation are added into Maxwell's curl equations, and is thus valid for heat sources in local thermodynamic equilibrium. Using a volume integral formulation, it is shown that the proposed formalism is a generalization of the classical electromagnetic scattering framework in which thermal emission is implicitly assumed to be negligible. The near-field thermal electromagnetic transport formalism is afterwards applied to a problem involving three spheres exchanging thermal radiation, where all multipolar interactions are taken into account. Using the thermal discrete dipole approximation, it is shown that depending on the dielectric function, the presence of a third sphere slightly affects the spatial distribution of power absorbed compared to the two-sphere case. The forma...

  17. Electromagnetic Radiations as a Fluid Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Funaro

    2009-11-25

    We combine Maxwell's equations with Eulers's equation, related to a velocity field of an immaterial fluid, where the density of mass is replaced by a charge density. We come out with a differential system able to describe a relevant quantity of electromagnetic phenomena, ranging from classical dipole waves to solitary wave-packets with compact support. The clue is the construction of an energy tensor summing up both the electromagnetic stress and a suitable mass tensor. With this right-hand side, explicit solutions of the full Einstein's equation are computed for a wide class of wave phenomena. Since our electromagnetic waves may behave and interact exactly as a material fluid, they can create vortex structures. We then explicitly analyze some vortex ring configurations and examine the possibility to build a model for the electron.

  18. Complex geometry and pre-metric electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2004-12-10

    The intimate link between complex geometry and the problem of the pre-metric formulation of electromagnetism is explored. In particular, the relationship between 3+1 decompositions of R4 and the decompositions of the vector space of bivectors over R4 into real and imaginary subspaces relative to a choice of complex structure is emphasized. The role of the various scalar products on the space of bivectors that are defined in terms of a volume element on R4 and a complex structure on the space of bivectors that makes it C-linear isomorphic to C3 is discussed in the context of formulation of a theory of electromagnetism in which the Lorentzian metric on spacetime follows as a consequence of the existence of electromagnetic waves, not a prior assumption.

  19. Scanning evanescent electro-magnetic microscope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Gao, Chen (Anhui, CN); Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA); Wei, Tao (Sunnyvale, CA)

    2003-01-01

    A novel scanning microscope is described that uses near-field evanescent electromagnetic waves to probe sample properties. The novel microscope is capable of high resolution imaging and quantitative measurements of the electrical properties of the sample. The inventive scanning evanescent wave electromagnetic microscope (SEMM) can map dielectric constant, tangent loss, conductivity, complex electrical impedance, and other electrical parameters of materials. The quantitative map corresponds to the imaged detail. The novel microscope can be used to measure electrical properties of both dielectric and electrically conducting materials.

  20. Scanning evanescent electro-magnetic microscope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Gao, Chen (Alameda, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A novel scanning microscope is described that uses near-field evanescent electromagnetic waves to probe sample properties. The novel microscope is capable of high resolution imaging and quantitative measurements of the electrical properties of the sample. The inventive scanning evanescent wave electromagnetic microscope (SEMM) can map dielectric constant, tangent loss, conductivity, complex electrical impedance, and other electrical parameters of materials. The quantitative map corresponds to the imaged detail. The novel microscope can be used to measure electrical properties of both dielectric and electrically conducting materials.

  1. Electromagnetic waves, gravitational coupling and duality analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. M. C. Abreu; C. Pinheiro; S. A. Diniz; F. C. Khanna

    2005-10-27

    In this letter we introduce a particular solution for parallel electric and magnetic fields, in a gravitational background, which satisfy free-wave equations and the phenomenology suggested by astrophysical plasma physics. These free-wave equations are computed such that the electric field does not induce the magnetic field and vice-versa. In a gravitational field, we analyze the Maxwell equations and the corresponding electromagnetic waves. A continuity equation is presented. A commutative and noncommutative analysis of the electromagnetic duality is described.

  2. Electromagnetic Observables in Few-Nucleon Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonia Bacca

    2012-10-10

    The electromagnetic probe is a very valuable tool to study the dynamics of few nucleons. It can be very helpful in shedding light on the not yet fully understood three-nucleon forces. We present an update on the theoretical studies of electromagnetic induced reactions, such as photo-disintegration and electron scattering off 4He. We will show that they potentially represent a tool to discriminate among three-nucleon forces. Then, we will discuss the charge radius and the nuclear electric polarizability of the 6He halo nucleus.

  3. Duality in Off-Shell Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Land

    2006-03-21

    In this paper, we examine the Dirac monopole in the framework of Off-Shell Electromagnetism, the five dimensional U(1) gauge theory associated with Stueckelberg-Schrodinger relativistic quantum theory. After reviewing the Dirac model in four dimensions, we show that the structure of the five dimensional theory prevents a natural generalization of the Dirac monopole, since the theory is not symmetric under duality transformations. It is shown that the duality symmetry can be restored by generalizing the electromagnetic field strength to an element of a Clifford algebra. Nevertheless, the generalized framework does not permit us to recover the phenomenological (or conventional) absence of magnetic monopoles.

  4. Bioelectromagnetic effects of the electromagnetic pulse (EMP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick, E.L.; Vault, W.L.

    1990-03-01

    The public has expressed concern about the biological effects and hazards of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields produced by the electro-magnetic pulse (EMP) simulators that simulate the EMP emanating from a high-altitude nuclear explosion. This paper provides a summary of the bioelectromagnetic effects literature up through the present, describes current occupational standards for workers exposed to the EMP environment, and discusses the use of medical surveillance as it relates to the potential human health hazards associated with exposure to the EMP environment.

  5. Forces in electromagnetic field and gravitational field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zihua Weng

    2011-03-31

    The force can be defined from the linear momentum in the gravitational field and electromagnetic field. But this definition can not cover the gradient of energy. In the paper, the force will be defined from the energy and torque in a new way, which involves the gravitational force, electromagnetic force, inertial force, gradient of energy, and some other new force terms etc. One of these new force terms can be used to explain why the solar wind varies velocity along the magnetic force line in the interplanetary space between the sun and the earth.

  6. Electromagnetic Light in Medium of Polarized Atoms $^3$He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. N. Minasyan

    2009-04-01

    First, it is predicted that polarized atoms $^3$He increase a value of speed electromagnetic waves. This reasoning implies that the velocity of electromagnetic waves into gas consisting of polarized atoms $^3$He is rather than one in vacuum.

  7. Reflection and Transmission of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields through Multilayered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oughstun, Kurt

    Reflection and Transmission of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields through Multilayered Biological Media- cally rigorous, physically correct description of the propagation of pulsed electromagnetic fields pulses through multilayered biological media consisting of three biological tissue layers rep- resenting

  8. Electromagnetically induced transparency with broadband laser pulses D. D. Yavuz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yavuz, Deniz

    Electromagnetically induced transparency with broadband laser pulses D. D. Yavuz Department pulses inside an atomic medium using electromag- netically induced transparency. Extending the suggestion.65. k Over the last decade, counterintuitive optical effects using electromagnetically induced

  9. Mathematical Methods for Electromagnetic and Optical Waves1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Ya Yan

    Mathematical Methods for Electromagnetic and Optical Waves1 Ya Yan Lu Department of Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.6 The energy law of electromagnetic field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.5 Pulse propagation and temporal solitons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 2 #12;Chapter 1

  10. The Eyjafjallajkull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    The Eyjafjallajökull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements Journal; Iceland Geosurvey, Vilhjálmsson, Arnar; Iceland Geosurvey, Keywords: Magnetotellurics system, Iceland: insights from1 electromagnetic measurements2 Marion P. Miensopust1,2, , Alan G. Jones1

  11. Passive electromagnetic damping device for motion control of building structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palomera-Arias, Rogelio, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    The research presented in this thesis develops a new device for the passive control of motion in building structures: an electromagnetic damper. The electromagnetic damper is a self-excited device that provides a reaction ...

  12. Motor Packaging with Consideration of Electromagnetic and Material...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Documents & Publications Motor Packaging with Consideration of Electromagnetic and Material Characteristics Alnico and Ferrite Hybrid Excitation Electric Machines Wireless Charging...

  13. Waveguide-based Ultrasonic and Far-field Electromagnetic Sensors...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ultrasonic and farfield electromagnetic sensors to measure key Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) reservoir parameters, including directional temperature, pressure,...

  14. Electromagnetic Composites at the Compton Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederick J. Mayer; John R. Reitz

    2011-09-10

    A new class of electromagnetic composite particles is proposed. The composites are very small (the Compton scale), potentially long-lived, would have unique interactions with atomic and nuclear systems, and, if they exist, could explain a number of otherwise anomalous and conflicting observations in diverse research areas.

  15. Theory of electromagnetic reactions in light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tianrui Xu; Mirko Miorelli; Sonia Bacca; Gaute Hagen

    2015-09-11

    We briefly review the theory for electromagnetic reactions in light nuclei based on the coupled-cluster formulation of the Lorentz integral transform method. Results on photodisintegration reactions of 22O and 40Ca are reported on and preliminary calculations on the Coulomb sum rule for 4He are discussed.

  16. Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    that the power supplies of modern TVs produce discernible electromagnetic interference (EMI) signatures. For example, utility (power) companies are seeking to deploy smart meters that measure fine-grained power on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. CCS'11, October 17

  17. Theory of electromagnetic reactions in light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tianrui; Bacca, Sonia; Hagen, Gaute

    2015-01-01

    We briefly review the theory for electromagnetic reactions in light nuclei based on the coupled-cluster formulation of the Lorentz integral transform method. Results on photodisintegration reactions of 22O and 40Ca are reported on and preliminary calculations on the Coulomb sum rule for 4He are discussed.

  18. Electromagnetic Siegert states for periodic dielectric structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friends R. Ndangali; Sergei V. Shabanov

    2011-08-09

    The formalism of Siegert states to describe the resonant scattering in quantum theory is extended to the resonant scattering of electromagnetic waves on periodic dielectric arrays. The excitation of electromagnetic Siegert states by an incident wave packet and their decay is studied. The formalism is applied to develop a theory of coupled electromagnetic resonances arising in the electromagnetic scattering problem for two such arrays separated by a distance 2h (or, generally, when the physical properties of the scattering array depend on a real coupling parameter h). Analytic properties of Siegert states as functions of the coupling parameter h are established by the Regular Perturbation Theorem which is an extension the Kato-Rellich theorem to the present case. By means of this theorem, it is proved that if the scattering structure admits a bound state in the radiation continuum at a certain value of the coupling parameter h, then there always exist regions within the structure in which the near field can be amplified as much as desired by adjusting the value of h. This establishes a rather general mechanism to control and amplify optical nonlinear effects in periodically structured planar structures possessing a nonlinear dielectric susceptibility.

  19. Line geometry and electromagnetism I: basic structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2013-09-11

    Some key notions of line geometry are recalled, along with their application to mechanics. It is then shown that most of the basic structures that one introduces in the pre-metric formulation of electromagnetism can be interpreted directly in terms of corresponding concepts in line geometry. The results are summarized in a table.

  20. Structural composites with integrated electromagnetic functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    , such as wires, into polymer-based or ceramic-based composites. In addition to desired structural properties of composites based on the integration of artificial plasmon media into polymer matrixes. Such composites canStructural composites with integrated electromagnetic functionality Syrus C. Nemat-Nasser, Alireza

  1. Electromagnetics from Simulation to Optimal Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grohs, Philipp

    for Electromagnetic Fields and Microwave Electronics (IFH) ETH Zurich (Switzerland) Lab: http://www.ifh.ee.ethz.ch COG, anti-reflective coatings, enhanced solar cells... · Optical nano structures: waveguides, photonic crystals, plasmonics, optical antennas and sensors... · Microwave and mm wave technology: antennas, radar

  2. Slave Electromagnetic studies Alan G. Jones1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    and Jessica Spratt1,5 1 Geological Survey of Canada, 615 Booth St., Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0E9, Canada. Email-probing electromagnetic surveys, using the nautral-source magnetotelluric (MT) technique, have recently been carried out. The former ensured low resistance ground contact for electric field measurements, and the latter avoided

  3. Discussion on the Mechanism of Electromigration from the Perspective of Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Peng; Johnson, William C.

    2010-01-01

    FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM In the latter half of the 19th century, Maxwell summarized the electromagnetic theory

  4. Electromagnetics, 26:335, 2006 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Electromagnetics, 26:3­35, 2006 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 0272-6343 print/1532 the statistical properties of the impedance (Z) and scattering (S) matrices of open electromagnetic cavities. Introduction The problem of the coupling of electromagnetic radiation in and out of structures is a general one

  5. Electromagnetic guided waves on linear arrays of spheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic guided waves on linear arrays of spheres C M Linton, V Zalipaev, and I Thompson electromagnetic waves propagating along one-dimensional arrays of dielec- tric spheres are studied. The quasi. There have been previous studies of electromagnetic surface waves guided by periodic arrays, but these have

  6. ELECTROMAGNETIC IMAGES OF THE TINTINA FAULT (NORTHERN CANADIAN CORDILLERA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    ELECTROMAGNETIC IMAGES OF THE TINTINA FAULT (NORTHERN CANADIAN CORDILLERA) Juanjo Ledo1 , Alan G to obtain a crustal scale electromagnetic image of the fault. A short, higher station density profile-dimensional (2- D) electromagnetic behavior of the fault. Distortion decomposition of the responses corroborated

  7. ECE 203 Spring 2012 Engineering Electromagnetics Waves (3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    ). Additional Advanced Textbooks: Fundamentals 1. J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Wave Theory, EMW (2002). 2. C. Cheng, Fundamental of Engineering Electromagnetics, Prentice Hall (2003). Nice and concise treatment of elementary EM theory. 3. N. Rao, Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Prentice Hall (2005). About

  8. 14:332:382 Electromagnetic Fields Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wei

    . Edminister, Schaum's outline of theory and problems of electromagnetics, McGraw- Hill; 2 edition (1994) ISBN://sakai.rutgers.edu. Overall Educational Objective: This course provides an introduction to electromagnetic theory and principles. Electromagnetics provides the fundamental basis for many subfields of electrical and computer

  9. ECE 202 Fall 2006 Introduction to Engineering Electromagnetics (3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Textbooks: Fundamentals 1. J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Wave Theory, EMW (2002). 2. C. Balanis, Advanced, Fundamental of Engineering Electromagnetics, Prentice Hall (2003). Nice and concise treatment of elementary EM theory. 2. N. Rao, Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Prentice Hall (2005). About the same level

  10. Matched slow pulses using double electromagnetically induced transparency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lvovsky, Alexander

    Matched slow pulses using double electromagnetically induced transparency Andrew MacRae,* Geoff, 2008 We implement double electromagnetically induced transparency (DEIT) in rubidium vapor using Optical Society of America OCIS codes: 270.1670, 270.5585, 190.5530. Electromagnetically induced

  11. Cosmological electromagnetic fields due to gravitational wave perturbations Mattias Marklund*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunsby, Peter

    show that this coupling leads to an initial pulse of electromagnetic waves whose width and amplitude to produce a pulse of gravitationally induced electromagnetic waves. In particular, because of the differentCosmological electromagnetic fields due to gravitational wave perturbations Mattias Marklund

  12. Hydrodynamic construction of the electromagnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Holland

    2014-10-03

    We present an alternative Eulerian hydrodynamic model for the electromagnetic field in which the discrete vector indices in Maxwell\\s equations are replaced by continuous angular freedoms, and develop the corresponding Lagrangian picture in which the fluid particles have rotational and translational freedoms. This enables us to extend to the electromagnetic field the exact method of state construction proposed previously for spin 0 systems, in which the time-dependent wavefunction is computed from a single-valued continuum of deterministic trajectories where two spacetime points are linked by at most a single orbit. The deduction of Maxwell\\s equations from continuum mechanics is achieved by generalizing the spin 0 theory to a general Riemannian manifold from which the electromagnetic construction is extracted as a special case. In particular, the flat-space Maxwell equations are represented as a curved-space Schr\\"odinger equation for a massive system. The Lorentz covariance of the Eulerian field theory is obtained from the non-covariant Lagrangian-coordinate model as a kind of collective effect. The method makes manifest the electromagnetic analogue of the quantum potential that is tacit in Maxwell\\s equations. This implies a novel definition of the \\classical limit\\ of Maxwell\\s equations that differs from geometrical optics. It is shown that Maxwell\\s equations may be obtained by canonical quantization of the classical model. Using the classical trajectories a novel expression is derived for the propagator of the electromagnetic field in the Eulerian picture. The trajectory and propagator methods of solution are illustrated for the case of a light wave.

  13. 532 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 Lightning Electromagnetic Field Coupling to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    of both the incident lightning electromagnetic pulse (LEMP) and the effects of coupling of this field- mental validation using: 1) reduced-scale setups with LEMP and nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP532 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 Lightning

  14. A strong permanent magnet-assisted electromagnetic undulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Halbach, K.

    1987-01-30

    This invention discloses an improved undulator comprising a plurality of electromagnet poles located along opposite sides of a particle beam axis with alternate north and south poles on each side of the beam to cause the beam to wiggle or undulate as it travels generally along the beam axis and permanent magnets spaced adjacent the electromagnetic poles on each side of the axis of said particle beam in an orientation sufficient to reduce the saturation of the electromagnet poles whereby the field strength of the electromagnet poles can be increased beyond the normal saturation levels of the electromagnetic poles. 4 figs.

  15. Nonlinear Electromagnetic Interactions in Energetic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, M A; Moore, D S

    2015-01-01

    We study the scattering of electromagnetic waves in anisotropic energetic materials. Nonlinear light-matter interactions in molecular crystals result in frequency-conversion and polarization changes. Applied electromagnetic fields of moderate intensity can induce these nonlinear effects without triggering chemical decomposition, offering a mechanism for non-ionizing identification of explosives. We use molecular dynamics simulations to compute such two-dimensional Raman spectra in the terahertz range for planar slabs made of PETN and ammonium nitrate. We discuss third-harmonic generation and polarization-conversion processes in such materials. These observed far-field spectral features of the reflected or transmitted light may serve as an alternative tool for stand-off explosive detection.

  16. A Connection between Gravitation and Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. M. Snyder

    2000-02-16

    It is argued that there is a connection between the fundamental forces of electromagnetism and gravitation. This connection occurs because of: 1) the fundamental significance of the finite and invariant velocity of light in inertial reference frames in the special theory, and 2) the reliance of the general theory of relativity upon the special theory of relativity locally in spacetime. The connection between the fundamental forces of electromagnetism and gravitation follows immediately from these two points. A brief review is provided of: 1) the role of the finite and invariant velocity of light in inertial reference frames in the special theory, and 2) certain fundamental concepts of the general theory, including its reliance on the special theory locally.

  17. Electromagnetic Pulse from Final Gravitational Stellar Collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. D. Morley; Ivan Schmidt

    2002-01-30

    We employ an effective gravitational stellar final collapse model which contains the relevant physics involved in this complex phenomena: spherical radical infall in the Schwarzschild metric of the homogeneous core of an advanced star, giant magnetic dipole moment, magnetohydrodynamic material response and realistic equations of state (EOS). The electromagnetic pulse is computed both for medium size cores undergoing hydrodynamic bounce and large size cores undergoing black hole formation. We clearly show that there must exist two classes of neutron stars, separated by maximum allowable masses: those that collapsed as solitary stars (dynamical mass limit) and those that collapsed in binary systems allowing mass accretion (static neutron star mass). Our results show that the electromagnetic pulse spectrum associated with black hole formation is a universal signature, independent of the nuclear EOS. Our results also predict that there must exist black holes whose masses are less than the static neutron star stability limit.

  18. Laser under ultrastrong electromagnetic interaction with matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motoaki Bamba; Tetsuo Ogawa

    2015-05-18

    The conventional picture of the light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (laser) is broken under the ultrastrong interaction between the electromagnetic fields and matter, and distinct dynamics of the electric field and of the magnetic one make the "laser" qualitatively different from the conventional laser, which has been described simply without the distinction. The "laser" in the ultrastrong regime can show a rich variety of behaviors with spontaneous appearance of coherence. We found that the "laser" generally accompanies odd-order harmonics of the electromagnetic fields both inside and outside the cavity and a synchronization with an oscillation of atomic population. A bistability is also demonstrated in a simple model under two-level and single-mode approximations.

  19. Fluidic electrodynamics: Approach to electromagnetic propulsion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Alexandre A.; Pinheiro, Mario J. [Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.92.43 (Portugal); Department of Physics and Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.93.22 (Portugal)

    2009-03-16

    We report on a new methodological approach to electrodynamics based on a fluidic viewpoint. We develop a systematic approach establishing analogies between physical magnitudes and isomorphism (structure-preserving mappings) between systems of equations. This methodological approach allows us to give a general expression for the hydromotive force, thus re-obtaining the Navier-Stokes equation departing from the appropriate electromotive force. From this ground we offer a fluidic approach to different kinds of issues with interest in propulsion, e.g., the force exerted by a charged particle on a body carrying current; the magnetic force between two parallel currents; the Magnus's force. It is shown how the intermingle between the fluid vector fields and electromagnetic fields leads to new insights on their dynamics. The new concepts introduced in this work suggest possible applications to electromagnetic (EM) propulsion devices and the mastery of the principles of producing electric fields of required configuration in plasma medium.

  20. Velocity damper for electromagnetically levitated materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A system for damping oscillatory and spinning motions induced in an electromagnetically levitated material. Two opposed field magnets are located orthogonally to the existing levitation coils for providing a DC quadrupole field (cusp field) around the material. The material used for generating the DC quadrupole field must be nonconducting to avoid eddy-current heating and of low magnetic permeability to avoid distorting the induction fields providing the levitation.

  1. Velocity damper for electromagnetically levitated materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fox, R.J.

    1994-06-07

    A system for damping oscillatory and spinning motions induced in an electromagnetically levitated material is disclosed. Two opposed field magnets are located orthogonally to the existing levitation coils for providing a DC quadrupole field (cusp field) around the material. The material used for generating the DC quadrupole field must be nonconducting to avoid eddy-current heating and of low magnetic permeability to avoid distorting the induction fields providing the levitation. 1 fig.

  2. Electromagnetic Dark Energy and Gravitoelectrodynamics of Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clovis Jacinto de Matos

    2007-10-29

    It is shown that Beck and Mackey electromagnetic model of dark energy in superconductors can account for the non-classical inertial properties of superconductors, which have been conjectured by the author to explain the Cooper pair's mass excess reported by Cabrera and Tate. A new Einstein-Planck regime for gravitation in condensed matter is proposed as a natural scale to host the gravitoelectrodynamic properties of superconductors.

  3. Electromagnetic or other directed energy pulse launcher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ziolkowski, Richard W. (Livermore, CA)

    1990-01-01

    The physical realization of new solutions of wave propagation equations, such as Maxwell's equations and the scaler wave equation, produces localized pulses of wave energy such as electromagnetic or acoustic energy which propagate over long distances without divergence. The pulses are produced by driving each element of an array of radiating sources with a particular drive function so that the resultant localized packet of energy closely approximates the exact solutions and behaves the same.

  4. Comparison between electroglottography and electromagnetic glottography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titze, Ingo R.; Story, Brad H.; Burnett, Gregory C.; Holzrichter, John F.; Ng, Lawrence C.; Lea, Wayne A.

    2000-01-01

    Newly developed glottographic sensors, utilizing high-frequency propagating electromagnetic waves, were compared to a well-established electroglottographic device. The comparison was made on four male subjects under different phonation conditions, including three levels of vocal fold adduction (normal, breathy, and pressed), three different registers (falsetto, chest, and fry), and two different pitches. Agreement between the sensors was always found for the glottal closure event, but for the general wave shape the agreement was better for falsetto and breathy voice than for pressed voice and vocal fry. Differences are attributed to the field patterns of the devices. Whereas the electroglottographic device can operate only in a conduction mode, the electromagnetic device can operate in either the forward scattering (diffraction) mode or in the backward scattering (reflection) mode. Results of our tests favor the diffraction mode because a more favorable angle imposed on receiving the scattered (reflected) signal did not improve the signal strength. Several observations are made on the uses of the electromagnetic sensors for operation without skin contact and possibly in an array configuration for improved spatial resolution within the glottis. (c) 2000 Acoustical Society of America.

  5. The electromagnetic model of Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Lyutikov

    2005-12-13

    I describe electromagnetic model of gamma ray bursts and contrast its main properties and predictions with hydrodynamic fireball model and its magnetohydrodynamical extension. The electromagnetic model assumes that rotational energy of a relativistic, stellar-mass central source (black-hole--accretion disk system or fast rotating neutron star) is converted into magnetic energy through unipolar dynamo mechanism, propagated to large distances in a form of relativistic, subsonic, Poynting flux-dominated wind and is dissipated directly into emitting particles through current-driven instabilities. Thus, there is no conversion back and forth between internal and bulk energies as in the case of fireball model. Collimating effects of magnetic hoop stresses lead to strongly non-spherical expansion and formation of jets. Long and short GRBs may develop in a qualitatively similar way, except that in case of long bursts ejecta expansion has a relatively short, non-relativistic, strongly dissipative stage inside the star. Electromagnetic and fireball models (as well as strongly and weakly magnetized fireballs) lead to different early afterglow dynamics, before deceleration time. Finally, I discuss the models in view of latest observational data in the Swift era.

  6. Cosmological electromagnetic fields and dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2009-02-18

    We show that the presence of a temporal electromagnetic field on cosmological scales generates an effective cosmological constant which can account for the accelerated expansion of the universe. Primordial electromagnetic quantum fluctuations produced during electroweak scale inflation could naturally explain the presence of this field and also the measured value of the dark energy density. The behavior of the electromagnetic field on cosmological scales is found to differ from the well studied short-distance behavior and, in fact, the presence of a non-vanishing cosmological constant could be signalling the breakdown of gauge invariance on cosmological scales. The theory is compatible with all the local gravity tests, and is free from classical or quantum instabilities. Thus we see that, not only the true nature of dark energy can be established without resorting to new physics, but also the value of the cosmological constant finds a natural explanation in the context of standard inflationary cosmology. This mechanism could be discriminated from a true cosmological constant by upcoming observations of CMB anisotropies and large scale structure.

  7. DEF: The Physical Basis of Electromagnetic Propulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinheiro, Mario J

    2015-01-01

    The very existence of the physical vacuum provides a framework to propose a general mechanism for propelling bodies through an agency of electromagnetic fields, that seat in that medium. When two sub-systems of a general closed device interact via nonlocal and retarded electromagnetic pulses, it is easily shown that they give a nonzero force, and that only tend to comply with the action-to-reaction force in the limit of instantaneous interactions. The arrangement of sub-systems provide a handy way to optimize the unbalanced EM force with the concept of impedance matching. The general properties of the differential electromagnetic force (DEF) are the following: i) it is proportional to the square of the intensity and to the angular wave frequency $\\omega$; ii) to the space between the sub-systems (although in a non-linear manner); iii) it is inversely proportional to the speed of interaction; iv) when the two sub-systems are out-of-phase, DEF is null. The approach is of interest to practical engineering princi...

  8. Gauge Theory of the Gravitational-Electromagnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert D. Bock

    2015-05-26

    We develop a gauge theory of the combined gravitational-electromagnetic field by expanding the Poincar\\'e group to include clock synchronization transformations. We show that the electromagnetic field can be interpreted as a local gauge theory of the synchrony group. According to this interpretation, the electromagnetic field equations possess nonlinear terms and electromagnetic gauge transformations acquire a space-time interpretation as local synchrony transformations. The free Lagrangian for the fields leads to the usual Einstein-Maxwell field equations with additional gravitational-electromagnetic coupling terms. The connection between the electromagnetic field and the invariance properties of the Lagrangian under clock synchronization transformations provides a strong theoretical argument in favor of the thesis of the conventionality of simultaneity. This suggests that clock synchronization invariance (or equivalently, invariance under transformations of the one-way speed of light) is a fundamental invariance principle of physics.

  9. Relativistic electromagnetic mass models in spherically symmetric spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. K. Maurya; Y. K. Gupta; Saibal Ray; Vikram Chatterjee

    2015-07-04

    Under the static spherically symmetric Einstein-Maxwell spacetime of embedding class one we explore possibility of electromagnetic mass model where mass and other physical parameters have purely electromagnetic origin (Tiwari 1984, Gautreau 1985, Gron 1985). This work is in continuation of our earlier investigation (Maurya 2015a) where we developed an algorithm and found out three new solutions of electromagnetic mass models. In the present letter we consider different metric potentials $\

  10. Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to the integrated axis of the artificial electromagnetic interference field, the noise is weakest. (3) Rain can exert great influence on the high frequency band of natural...

  11. Electromagnetically induced transparency controlled by a microwave field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hebin; Sautenkov, Vladimir A.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V.; Welch, George R.; Hemmer, Philip R.; Scully, Marlan O.

    2009-01-01

    interferences in electromagnetically induced transparency. A simple theoretical model and a numerical simulation have been developed to explain the observed experimental results....

  12. Electromagnetic wave scattering by many conducting small particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Ramm

    2008-04-21

    A rigorous theory of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by small perfectly conducting particles is developed. The limiting case when the number of particles tends to infinity is discussed.

  13. Unification of Gravity and Electromagnetism II A Geometric Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partha Ghose

    2015-02-11

    It is shown that unification of gravity and electromagnetism can be achieved using an affine non-symmetric connection $\\Gamma^\\lambda_{\\mu\

  14. Spherically symmetric electromagnetic mass models of embedding class one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. K. Maurya; Y. K. Gupta; Saibal Ray; Sourav Roy Chowdhury

    2015-05-30

    In this article we consider the static spherically symmetric spacetime metric of embedding class one. Specifically three new electromagnetic mass models are derived where the solutions are entirely dependent on the electromagnetic field, such that the physical parameters, like density, pressure etc. do vanish for the vanishing charge. We have analyzed schematically all these three sets of solutions related to electromagnetic mass models by plotting graphs and shown that they can pass through all the physical tests performed by us. To validate these special type of solutions related to electromagnetic mass models a comparison has been done with that of compact stars and shown exclusively the feasibility of the models.

  15. Ground Electromagnetic Survey At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Exploration Basis This study was conducted to learn about and model the resistivity structures in the Puna area Notes An Electromagnetic transient sounding (time domain) survey...

  16. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Details Location Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The...

  17. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Mauna Loa Northeast Rift Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Details Location Mauna Loa Northeast Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The...

  18. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three...

  19. Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Interpretation of...

  20. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming And Mackie, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain...

  1. Electromagnetic form factors and the hypercentral constituent quark model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanctis, M. De; Giannini, M. M.; Santopinto, E.; Vassallo, A.

    2007-12-15

    We present new results concerning the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon using a relativistic version of the hypercentral constituent quark model and a relativistic current.

  2. Novel resonance-assisted electromagnetic-transport phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurs, André B

    2011-01-01

    We first demonstrate theoretically and experimentally that electromagnetic resonators with high quality factors (Q) can be used to transfer power efficiently over distances substantially larger than the characteristic ...

  3. Electric And Electromagnetic Outline Of The Mount Somma-Vesuvius...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Structural Setting Abstract We present and discuss the results of an integrated electrical and electromagnetic survey in the active volcanic area of Mount Somma-Vesuvius...

  4. ELECTROMAGNETIC CAVITIES AS ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ELECTROMAGNETIC CAVITIES AS ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT Joaquim J. Barroso as electromechanical transducers in sonant mass gravitational wave antennas. Introduction · Theoretical

  5. 6.641 Electromagnetic Fields, Forces, and Motion, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahn, Markus, 1946-

    Electric and magnetic quasistatic forms of Maxwell's equations applied to dielectric, conduction, and magnetization boundary value problems. Electromagnetic forces, force densities, and stress tensors, including magnetization ...

  6. Motor Packaging with Consideration of Electromagnetic and Material...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ape035millerp.pdf More Documents & Publications Alnico and Ferrite Hybrid Excitation Electric Machines Motor Packaging with Consideration of Electromagnetic and Material...

  7. Iterative Electromagnetic Born Inversion Applied to Earth Conductivity Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alumbaugh, D.L.

    1993-01-01

    variation due to steam flooding: a log study: Geophysics,electromagnetic induction for steam flooding monitoring, 62'as steam injection, in situ combustion,water flooding and

  8. Coherent THz electromagnetic radiation emission as a shock wave...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Coherent THz electromagnetic radiation emission as a shock wave diagnostic and probe of ultrafast phase transformations Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Coherent THz...

  9. 6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staelin, David H.

    Electromagnetic phenomena are explored in modern applications including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, ...

  10. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date 1978 - 1987 Usefulness useful...

  11. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Skokan, 1974) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East...

  12. Electromagnetic simulations of coaxial type HOM coupler

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Genfa Wu; Haipeng Wang; Robert Rimmer; Charles Reece

    2005-07-10

    DESY-type coaxial high order mode (HOM) coupler was used in many superconducting cavities. The electric probe tip is located at the maximum B-field inside the coupler can. For continuous wave (CW) high current application, the heating of this tip can be severe to degrade the cavity performance. Electromagnetic (EM) simulation was done to estimate the tip heating. The geometric remedies and detuning effect were discussed. The effect to HOM external quality factor (Qext) was also estimated due to these remedies. The HOM probe tip heating power was provided for CEBAF 12-GeV cavities and AES injector cavities.

  13. Electromagnetic Dipole Strength in Transitional Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Q. Zhang; I. Bentley; S. Brant; F. Dönau; S. Frauendorf; B. Kämpfer; R. Schwengner; A. Wagner

    2008-08-19

    Electromagnetic dipole absorption cross-sections of transitional nuclei with large-amplitude shape fluctuations are calculated in a microscopic way by introducing the concept of Instantaneous Shape Sampling. The concept bases on the slow shape dynamics as compared to the fast dipole vibrations. The elctromagnetic dipole strength is calculated by means of RPA for the instantaneous shapes, the probability of which is obtained by means of IBA. Very good agreement with the experimental absorption cross sections near the nucleon emission threshold is obtained.

  14. Electromagnetic wave scattering by many small particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Ramm

    2006-08-18

    Scattering of electromagnetic waves by many small particles of arbitrary shapes is reduced rigorously to solving linear algebraic system of equations bypassing the usual usage of integral equations. The matrix elements of this linear algebraic system have physical meaning. They are expressed in terms of the electric and magnetic polarizability tensors. Analytical formulas are given for calculation of these tensors with any desired accuracy for homogeneous bodies of arbitrary shapes. An idea to create a "smart" material by embedding many small particles in a given region is formulated.

  15. Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan Greenleaf; Yaroslav Kurylev; Matti Lassas; Gunther Uhlmann

    2007-03-20

    We describe new configurations of electromagnetic (EM) material parameters, the electric permittivity $\\epsilon$ and magnetic permeability $\\mu$, that allow one to construct from metamaterials objects that function as invisible tunnels. These allow EM wave propagation between two points, but the tunnels and the regions they enclose are not detectable to EM observations. Such devices function as wormholes with respect to Maxwell's equations and effectively change the topology of space vis-a-vis EM wave propagation. We suggest several applications, including devices behaving as virtual magnetic monopoles.

  16. Electromagnetic Properties of the Early Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keitaro Takahashi; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Naoshi Sugiyama

    2008-05-29

    Detailed physical processes of magnetic field generation from density fluctuations in the pre-recombination era are studied. Solving Maxwell equations and the generalized Ohm's law, the evolutions of the net charge density, the electric current and the electromagnetic field are solved. Unlike most of previous works, we treat electrons and photons as separate components under the assumption of tight coupling. We find that generation of the magnetic field due to density fluctuations takes place only from the second order of both perturbation theory and the tight coupling approximation.

  17. Testing black hole candidates with electromagnetic radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bambi, Cosimo

    2015-01-01

    Astrophysical black hole candidates are thought to be the Kerr black holes of general relativity, but there is currently no direct observational evidence that the spacetime geometry around these objects is described by the Kerr solution. The study of the properties of the electromagnetic radiation emitted by gas or stars orbiting these objects can potentially test the Kerr black hole hypothesis. In this paper, I review the state of the art of this research field, describing the possible approaches to test the Kerr metric with current and future observational facilities and discussing current constraints.

  18. Electromagnetic Media with no Dispersion Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismo V. Lindell; Alberto Favaro

    2013-03-25

    It has been known through some examples that parameters of an electromagnetic medium can be so defined that there is no dispersion equation (Fresnel equation) to restrict the choice of the wave vector of a plane wave in such a medium, i.e., that the dispersion equation is satisfied identically for any wave vector. In the present paper, a more systematic study to define classes of media with no dispersion equation is attempted. The analysis makes use of coordinate-free four-dimensional formalism in terms of multivectors, multiforms and dyadics.

  19. Electromagnetic corrections to pseudoscalar decay constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Glaessle; Gunnar S. Bali

    2011-11-16

    The effects of electromagnetic interactions on pseudoscalar decay constants are investigated. Using a compact QED and QCD action we are able to resolve differences of about 0.1 MeV. We obtain the preliminary results f_pi^0-f_pi^+/- =0.09(3) MeV and f_D^0-f_D^+/- =0.79(11) MeV for light and charmed pseudoscalar decay constants on a N_f=2 nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert ensemble.

  20. Physics with the ALICE Electromagnetic Calorimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rene Bellwied; for the ALICE Collaboration

    2009-07-17

    I will present physics measurements which are achievable in the ALICE experiment at the LHC through the inclusion of a new electromagnetic calorimeter. I will focus on jet measurements in proton proton and heavy ion collisions. Detailed simulations have been performed on jet reconstruction, jet triggering, heavy flavor jet reconstruction through electron identification, gamma-jet reconstruction and the measurements of identified hadrons and resonances in jets. I will show the physics capabilities which are made possible through the combination of calorimeter information with the other detector components in ALICE.

  1. Electromagnetic imaging of dynamic brain activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosher, J.; Leahy, R.; Lewis, P.; Lewine, J.; George, J.; Singh, M.

    1991-12-31

    Neural activity in the brain produces weak dynamic electromagnetic fields that can be measured by an array of sensors. Using a spatio-temporal modeling framework, we have developed a new approach to localization of multiple neural sources. This approach is based on the MUSIC algorithm originally developed for estimating the direction of arrival of signals impinging on a sensor array. We present applications of this technique to magnetic field measurements of a phantom and of a human evoked somatosensory response. The results of the somatosensory localization are mapped onto the brain anatomy obtained from magnetic resonance images.

  2. Electromagnetic Radiation Hardness of Diamond Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Behnke; M. Doucet; N. Ghodbane; A. Imhof; C. Martinez; W. Zeuner

    2001-08-22

    The behavior of artificially grown CVD diamond films under intense electromagnetic radiation has been studied. The properties of irradiated diamond samples have been investigated using the method of thermally stimulated current and by studying their charge collection properties. Diamonds have been found to remain unaffected after doses of 6.8 MGy of 10 keV photons and 10 MGy of MeV-range photons. This observation makes diamond an attractive detector material for a calorimeter in the very forward region of the proposed TESLA detector.

  3. Chiral solitons in nuclei: Electromagnetic form factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason R. Smith; Gerald A. Miller

    2004-09-08

    We calculate the electromagnetic form factors of a bound proton. The Chiral Quark-Soliton model provides the quark and antiquark substructure of the proton, which is embedded in nuclear matter. This procedure yields significant modifications of the form factors in the nuclear environment. The sea quarks are almost completely unaffected, and serve to mitigate the valence quark effect. In particular, the ratio of the isoscalar electric to the isovector magnetic form factor decreases by 20% at Q^2=1 GeV^2 at nuclear density, and we do not see a strong enhancement of the magnetic moment.

  4. Artificial Retina Project: Electromagnetic and Thermal Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lazzi, Gianluca

    2014-08-29

    This award supported the investigation on electromagnetic and thermal effects associated with the artificial retina, designed in collaboration with national laboratories, universities, and private companies. Our work over the two years of support under this award has focused mainly on 1) Design of new telemetry coils for optimal power and data transfer between the implant and the external device while achieving a significant size reduction with respect to currently used coils; 2) feasibility study of the virtual electrode configuration 3) study the effect of pulse shape and duration on the stimulation efficacy.

  5. Electromagnetic wave scattering by small bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Ramm

    2008-04-21

    A reduction of the Maxwell's system to a Fredholm second-kind integral equation with weakly singular kernel is given for electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by one and many small bodies. This equation is solved asymptotically as the characteristic size of the bodies tends to zero. The technique developed is used for solving the many-body EM wave scattering problem by rigorously reducing it to solving linear algebraic systems, completely bypassing the usage of integral equations. An equation is derived for the effective field in the medium, in which many small particles are embedded. A method for creating a desired refraction coefficient is outlined.

  6. Electromagnetic fields: Biological and clinical aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tabrah, F.L.; Batkin, S. (Department of Physiology, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu (USA))

    1991-03-01

    Our entire biosphere is immersed in a sea of man-made electromagnetic fields (EMF). Occupational and public health data suggest that these fields may be a health hazard, possibly involving cancer and fetal loss. This paper reviews the history and pertinent physics of electromagnetic fields and presents evidence from the authors' work, and that of others, of biological interaction with living systems. Epidemiological data suggesting EMF hazards are reviewed including a discussion of possible risks associated with Hawaii's Lualualei transmitter site, TV and FM antennas in high-density population areas, fields surrounding electric power transmission and computer terminals, and the plan to route a major highway through the near-field of an operating Omega signal-source. In the face of current public fear and controversial research reports about long-term EMF exposure, suggestions are presented for public policy about these local sources of concern, as well as for the EMF risks common to any similarly developed areas. 30 refs.

  7. Guiding of an electromagnetic pulse in a plasma immersed in combined wiggler and axial magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hur, Min Sup

    2009-01-01

    813 Guiding of an electromagnetic pulse in a plasma immersedGuiding of an electromagnetic pulse in a plasma immersed inof guiding an electromagnetic pulse. The scheme consists of

  8. Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 197215, 2009 MODELING OF SHIELDING COMPOSITE MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koledintseva, Marina Y.

    Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 197­215, 2009 MODELING OF SHIELDING COMPOSITE inclusions are required in many engineering applications, especially, for the design of microwave shielding enclosures to ensure electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic immunity. Herein, multilayer shielding

  9. Line geometry and electromagnetism III: groups of transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2014-04-16

    The role of linear and projective groups of transformations in line geometry and electromagnetism is examined in accordance with Klein's Erlanger Programm for geometries. The group of collineations of real projective space is chosen as the most general group, and reductions to some of its various subgroups are then detailed according to their relevance to electromagnetic fields, and especially wave-like ones.

  10. Electromagnetic field at Finite Temperature: A first order approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Casana; B. M. Pimentel; J. S. Valverde

    2007-02-04

    In this work we study the electromagnetic field at Finite Temperature via the massless DKP formalism. The constraint analysis is performed and the partition function for the theory is constructed and computed. When it is specialized to the spin 1 sector we obtain the well-known result for the thermodynamic equilibrium of the electromagnetic field.

  11. Electromagnetic Field Creation During EWPT Nucleation With Lepton Currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard S. Kisslinger; Sameer Walawalkar; Ernest M. Henley; Mikkel B. Johnson

    2005-10-11

    We include the electromagnetic currents from fermion degrees of freedom in the equations of motion for electroweak MSSM with a right-handed Stop that we have recently investigated. It is found that near the surface of the bubble walls there are important effects on the electromagnetic fields produced during bubble nucleation.

  12. Electromagnetic space-time crystals. II. Fractal computational approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. N. Borzdov

    2014-10-20

    A fractal approach to numerical analysis of electromagnetic space-time crystals, created by three standing plane harmonic waves with mutually orthogonal phase planes and the same frequency, is presented. Finite models of electromagnetic crystals are introduced, which make possible to obtain various approximate solutions of the Dirac equation. A criterion for evaluating accuracy of these approximate solutions is suggested.

  13. Long Pulse Fusion Physics Experiments Without Superconducting Electromagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Pulse Fusion Physics Experiments Without Superconducting Electromagnets Robert D. Woolley) 243­3130 *Supported by U.S.Department of Energy Contract No. DE­AC02­76CH03073. ABSTRACT Long pulse pulse ignition with DT fuel. 1,2,3,4 Long pulse resistive electromagnets are alternatives to today

  14. Long Pulse Fusion Physics Experiments Without Superconducting Electromagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Pulse Fusion Physics Experiments Without Superconducting Electromagnets Robert D. Woolley) 243-3130 *Supported by U.S.Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-76CH03073. ABSTRACT Long pulse pulse ignition with DT fuel. 1,2,3,4 Long pulse resistive electromagnets are alternatives to today

  15. On Generating Gravity Waves with Matter and Electromagnetic Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan

    2008-04-05

    If a homogeneous plane light-like shell collides head-on with a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave having a step-function profile then no backscattered gravitational waves are produced. We demonstrate, by explicit calculation, that if the matter is accompanied by a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave with a step-function profile then backscattered gravitational waves appear after the collision.

  16. Errors-in-variables problems in transient electromagnetic mineral exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braslavsky, Julio H.

    Errors-in-variables problems in transient electromagnetic mineral exploration K. Lau, J. H in transient electromagnetic mineral exploration. A specific sub-problem of interest in this area geological surveys, dia- mond drilling, and airborne mineral exploration. Our interest here is with ground

  17. Second harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melrose, Don

    constraints.8 The theory of nonlinear three-wave processes to explain fundamental and second harmonic emissionSecond harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence A. J. Willes, P. A. Robinson 1995 The coalescence of Langmuir waves to produce electromagnetic waves at twice the plasma frequency

  18. EE 141: Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall Semester 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oughstun, Kurt

    @cems.uvm.edu Catalog Description: Fundamentals of electromagnetic field theory; vector analy- sis; electricEE 141: Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall Semester 2014 MWF 4:05­4:55 PM (Votey 207) & F 1 and magnetic fields, potential theory, boundary conditions and boundary value problems, Maxwell-Lorentz theory

  19. EE 141: Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall Semester 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oughstun, Kurt

    @cems.uvm.edu Catalog Description: Fundamentals of electromagnetic field theory and applica- tions: vector analysisEE 141: Electromagnetic Field Theory Fall Semester 2015 MWF 3:30­4:20 PM (Perkins 101) & F 2, electric and magnetic fields, potential theory, boundary con- ditions and boundary value problems

  20. Time-spatial drift of decelerating electromagnetic pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nerukh, Dmitry

    Time-spatial drift of decelerating electromagnetic pulses Alexander G. Nerukh1* and Dmitry A dependent electromagnetic pulse generated by a current running laterally to the direction of the pulse propagation is considered in paraxial approximation. It is shown that the pulse envelope moves in the time

  1. Marine Electromagnetic Studies of Seafloor Resources and Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    Marine Electromagnetic Studies of Seafloor Resources and Tectonics Kerry Key Received: 3 December been a period of rapid growth for marine electromagnetic (EM) methods, predominantly due. This growth is illustrated by a database of marine EM publications spanning from the early developments

  2. Electromagnetic field with induced massive term: Case with spinor field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. P. Rybakov; G. N. Shikin; Yu. A. Popov; Bijan Saha

    2010-08-12

    We consider an interacting system of spinor and electromagnetic field, explicitly depending on the electromagnetic potentials, i.e., interaction with broken gauge invariance. The Lagrangian for interaction is chosen in such a way that the electromagnetic field equation acquires an additional term, which in some cases is proportional to the vector potential of the electromagnetic field. This equation can be interpreted as the equation of motion of photon with induced non-trivial rest-mass. This system of interacting spinor and scalar fields is considered within the scope of Bianchi type-I (BI) cosmological model. It is shown that, as a result of interaction the electromagnetic field vanishes at $t \\to \\infty$ and the isotropization process of the expansion takes place.

  3. Electromagnetic field with induced massive term: Case with scalar field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. P. Rybakov; G. N. Shikin; Yu. A. Popov; Bijan Saha

    2010-04-21

    We consider an interacting system of massless scalar and electromagnetic field, with the Lagrangian explicitly depending on the electromagnetic potentials, i.e., interaction with broken gauge invariance. The Lagrangian for interaction is chosen in such a way that the electromagnetic field equation acquires an additional term, which in some cases is proportional to the vector potential of the electromagnetic field. This equation can be interpreted as the equation of motion of photon with induced nonzero rest-mass. This system of interacting fields is considered within the scope of Bianchi type-I (BI) cosmological model. It is shown that, as a result of interaction the electromagnetic field vanishes at $t \\to \\infty$ and the isotropization process of the expansion takes place.

  4. Electromagnetic Mass Models in General Theory of Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumana Bhadra

    2007-10-30

    "Electromagnetic mass" where gravitational mass and other physical quantities originate from the electromagnetic field alone has a century long distinguished history. In the introductory chapter we have divided this history into three broad categories -- classical, quantum mechanical and general relativistic. Each of the categories has been described at a length to get the detailed picture of the physical background. Recent developments on Repulsive Electromagnetic Mass Models are of special interest in this introductory part of the thesis. In this context we have also stated motivation of our work. In the subsequent chapters we have presented our results and their physical significances. It is concluded that the electromagnetic mass models which are the sources of purely electromagnetic origin ``have not only heuristic flavor associated with the conjecture of Lorentz but even a physics having unconventional yet novel features characterizing their own contributions independent of the rest of the physics".

  5. Reduced Order Computational Methods for Electromagnetic Material Interrogation Using Pulsed Signals and Conductive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kepler, Grace Martinelli

    Reduced Order Computational Methods for Electromagnetic Material Interrogation Using Pulsed Signals of a pulsed planar electromagnetic wave of a dielectric slab with a supraconductive backing. Previous work

  6. Electromagnetic nonlinear gyrokinetics with polarization drift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duthoit, F.-X. [SNU Division of Graduate Education for Sustainabilization of Foundation Energy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 151-744 Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hahm, T. S., E-mail: tshahm@snu.ac.kr [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 151-744 Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Wang, Lu [College of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China)

    2014-08-15

    A set of new nonlinear electromagnetic gyrokinetic Vlasov equation with polarization drift and gyrokinetic Maxwell equations is systematically derived by using the Lie-transform perturbation method in toroidal geometry. For the first time, we recover the drift-kinetic expression for parallel acceleration [R. M. Kulsrud, in Basic Plasma Physics, edited by A. A. Galeev and R. N. Sudan (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983)] from the nonlinear gyrokinetic equations, thereby bridging a gap between the two formulations. This formalism should be useful in addressing nonlinear ion Compton scattering of intermediate-mode-number toroidal Alfvén eigenmodes for which the polarization current nonlinearity [T. S. Hahm and L. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 266 (1995)] and the usual finite Larmor radius effects should compete.

  7. Vacuum birefringence in strong inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karbstein, Felix; Reuter, Maria; Zepf, Matt

    2015-01-01

    Birefringence is one of the fascinating properties of the vacuum of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in strong electromagnetic fields. The scattering of linearly polarized incident probe photons into a perpendicularly polarized mode provides a distinct signature of the optical activity of the quantum vacuum and thus offers an excellent opportunity for a precision test of non-linear QED. Precision tests require accurate predictions and thus a theoretical framework that is capable of taking the detailed experimental geometry into account. We derive analytical solutions for vacuum birefringence which include the spatio-temporal field structure of a strong optical pump laser field and an x-ray probe. We show that the angular distribution of the scattered photons depends strongly on the interaction geometry and find that scattering of the perpendicularly polarized scattered photons out of the cone of the incident probe x-ray beam is the key to making the phenomenon experimentally accessible with the current generatio...

  8. Electromagnetic mass difference on the lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuke Namekawa; Yoshio Kikukawa

    2005-09-24

    We calculate electromagnetic mass difference of mesons using a method proposed by Duncan {\\it et al}. The RG-improved gauge action and the non-compact Abelian gauge action are employed to generate configurations. Quark propagators in the range of $m_{PS}/m_{V}=0.76-0.51$ are obtained with the meanfield-improved clover quark action. Chiral and continuum extrapolations are performed and the results are compared with experiments. Finite size effects are also examined. Quark masses are extracted from the measured spectrum. Our preliminary values for light quark masses are $m_{u}^{\\bar{MS}}(\\mu =2 {GeV}) = 3.03(19)$ MeV, $m_{d}^{\\bar{MS}}(\\mu = 2 {GeV}) = 4.44(28)$ MeV, $m_{s}^{\\bar{MS}}(\\mu = 2 {GeV}) = 99.2(52)$ MeV.

  9. Electromagnetic matrix elements for negative parity nucleons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Owen; Waseem Kamleh; Derek Leinweber; Selim Mahbub; Benjamin Menadue

    2014-12-15

    Here we present preliminary results for the evaluation of the electromagnetic form factors for the lowest-lying negative-parity, spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ nucleons, namely the $S_{11}(1535)$ and $S_{11}(1650)$, through the use of the variational method. We find that the characteristics of the electric form factor, $G_{E}$, are similar between these states, however significant differences are observed between the quark-sector contributions to the magnetic form factor, $G_{M}$. Within simple constituent quark models, these states are understood to be admixtures of $s=\\frac{1}{2}$ and $s=\\frac{3}{2}$ states coupled to orbital angular momentum $\\ell = 1$. Our results reveal a qualitative difference in the manner in which the singly-represented quark sector contributes to these baryon magnetic form factors.

  10. Emergent cosmological constant from colliding electromagnetic waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halilsoy, M.; Mazharimousavi, S. Habib; Gurtug, O. E-mail: habib.mazhari@emu.edu.tr

    2014-11-01

    In this study we advocate the view that the cosmological constant is of electromagnetic (em) origin, which can be generated from the collision of em shock waves coupled with gravitational shock waves. The wave profiles that participate in the collision have different amplitudes. It is shown that, circular polarization with equal amplitude waves does not generate cosmological constant. We also prove that the generation of the cosmological constant is related to the linear polarization. The addition of cross polarization generates no cosmological constant. Depending on the value of the wave amplitudes, the generated cosmological constant can be positive or negative. We show additionally that, the collision of nonlinear em waves in a particular class of Born-Infeld theory also yields a cosmological constant.

  11. Electromagnetic wave propagation in random waveguides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Alonso; Liliana Borcea

    2013-10-18

    We study long range propagation of electromagnetic waves in random waveguides with rectangular cross-section and perfectly conducting boundaries. The waveguide is filled with an isotropic linear dielectric material, with randomly fluctuating electric permittivity. The fluctuations are weak, but they cause significant cumulative scattering over long distances of propagation of the waves. We decompose the wave field in propagating and evanescent transverse electric and magnetic modes with random amplitudes that encode the cumulative scattering effects. They satisfy a coupled system of stochastic differential equations driven by the random fluctuations of the electric permittivity. We analyze the solution of this system with the diffusion approximation theorem, under the assumption that the fluctuations decorrelate rapidly in the range direction. The result is a detailed characterization of the transport of energy in the waveguide, the loss of coherence of the modes and the depolarization of the waves due to cumulative scattering.

  12. Theory of Dipole Induced Electromagnetic Transparency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puthumpally-Joseph, Raiju; Sukharev, Maxim; Charron, Eric

    2015-01-01

    A detailed theory describing linear optics of vapors comprised of interacting multi-level quantum emitters is proposed. It is shown both by direct integration of Maxwell-Bloch equations and using a simple analytical model that at large densities narrow transparency windows appear in otherwise completely opaque spectra. The existence of such windows is attributed to overlapping resonances. This effect, first introduced for three-level systems in [R. Puthumpally-Joseph, M. Sukharev, O. Atabek and E. Charron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 163603 (2014)], is due to strongly enhanced dipole-dipole interactions at high emitters' densities. The presented theory extends this effect to the case of multilevel systems. The theory is applied to the D1 transitions of interacting Rb-85 atoms. It is shown that at high atomic densities, Rb-85 atoms can behave as three-level emitters exhibiting all the properties of dipole induced electromagnetic transparency. Applications including slow light and laser pulse shaping are also propose...

  13. Dissipative electromagnetic solitary waves in collisional plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borhanian, Jafar [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P.O.Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    The propagation of linearly polarized electromagnetic (EM) waves in a collisional plasma is studied using multiple scale perturbation technique in a weakly nonlinear regime. A complex linear dispersion relation and a complex group velocity are obtained for EM waves propagating in a plasma and their dependence on system parameters is investigated. It is shown that the amplitude of EM pulse is governed by an envelope equation similar to a cubic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. A traveling bright solitary wave solution for envelope equation is found, its existence condition in parameter space is explored and variation of its profile with system parameters is manipulated. Monitoring temporal evolution of traveling solitary wave solution provides more insight into the nature of this solution and ensures that depending on the parameters of the system, solitary wave solution may behave like a stationary soliton or may exhibit the behavior of a breathing soliton.

  14. Electromagnetic response of confined Dirac particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris, M W

    2003-01-01

    The eigenstates of a single massless Dirac particle confined in a linear potential are calculated exactly by direct solution of the Dirac equation. The electromagnetic structure functions are calculated from the Dirac wave functions of the ground and excited states of the particle by coupling to its conserved vector current. We obtain the longitudinal and transverse structure functions as a function of y=nu-q, where nu and q are the energy and momentum transferred to the target in its rest frame. At values of q>~2.5 GeV, much larger than the characteristic energy scale ~140 MeV of the confining potential, the response exhibits y scaling, a generalization of Bjorken scaling. We compare the exact structure functions with those obtained from the ground state wave functions in the plane wave impulse approximation. The deviation from the Callan-Gross relation is compared with the parton model prediction.

  15. Inferring black hole charge from backscattered electromagnetic radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Atsushi Higuchi; Ednilton S. de Oliveira

    2014-09-16

    We compute the scattering cross section of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes for the case of an incident electromagnetic wave. We describe how scattering is affected by both the conversion of electromagnetic to gravitational radiation, and the parity-dependence of phase shifts induced by the black hole charge. The latter effect creates a helicity-reversed scattering amplitude that is non-zero in the backward direction. We show that from the character of the electromagnetic wave scattered in the backward direction it is possible, in principle, to infer if a static black hole is charged.

  16. An approach to electromagnetism from the general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Monjo i Agut

    2013-12-02

    Classical gravitation is so similar to the electrostatic that the possible unification has been investigated for many years. Although electromagnetism is formulated successfully by quantum field theory, this paper proposes a simple approach to describe the electromagnetism from the macroscopic perspective of general relativity. The hypothesis is based on two charged particles that cause disturbance energy sufficient to disrupt the space-time and explain approximately Maxwell's equations. Therefore, with such this simple idea, we suggest the possibility that the geometric relationship between electromagnetism and gravitation is not yet fully exhausted.

  17. A Full Review of the Theory of Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Funaro

    2005-05-09

    We will provide detailed arguments showing that the set of Maxwell equations, and the corresponding wave equations, do not properly describe the evolution of electromagnetic wave-fronts. We propose a nonlinear corrected version that is proven to be far more appropriate for the modellization of electromagnetic phenomena. The suitability of this approach will soon be evident to the reader, through a sequence of astonishing congruences, making the model as elegant as Maxwell's, but with increased chances of development. Actually, the new set of equations will allow us to explain many open questions, and find links between electromagnetism and other theories that have been searched for a long time, or not even imagined.

  18. Electromagnetic quasinormal modes of D-dimensional black holes II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. López-Ortega

    2007-06-20

    By using the sixth order WKB approximation we calculate for an electromagnetic field propagating in D-dimensional Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild de Sitter black holes its quasinormal frequencies for the fundamental mode and first overtones. We study the dependence of these QN frequencies on the value of the cosmological constant and the spacetime dimension. We also compare with the known results for the gravitational perturbations propagating in the same background. Moreover we exactly compute the QN frequencies of the electromagnetic field propagating in D-dimensional massless topological black hole and for charged D-dimensional Nariai spacetime we exactly calculate the QN frequencies of the coupled electromagnetic and gravitational perturbations.

  19. Theory of electromagnetic fluctuations for magnetized multi-species plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarro, Roberto E. Muñoz, Víctor; Araneda, Jaime; Moya, Pablo S.; Viñas, Adolfo F.; Valdivia, Juan A.

    2014-09-15

    Analysis of electromagnetic fluctuations in plasma provides relevant information about the plasma state and its macroscopic properties. In particular, the solar wind persistently sustains a small but detectable level of magnetic fluctuation power even near thermal equilibrium. These fluctuations may be related to spontaneous electromagnetic fluctuations arising from the discreteness of charged particles. Here, we derive general expressions for the plasma fluctuations in a multi-species plasma following arbitrary distribution functions. This formalism, which generalizes and includes previous works on the subject, is then applied to the generation of electromagnetic fluctuations propagating along a background magnetic field in a plasma of two proton populations described by drifting bi-Maxwellians.

  20. Detection of electromagnetic waves using charged MEMS structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Datskos, Panos G [ORNL; Lavrik, Nickolay V [ORNL; Tobin, Jacob D [ORNL; Bowland, Landon T [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    We describe micromechanical structures that are capable of sensing both electrostatic fields and electromagnetic fields over a wide frequency range. Typically, sensing of electromagnetic waves is achieved with electrically conducting antennas, which despite the many advantages do not exhibit high sensitivity over a broad frequency range. An important aspect of our present work is that, in contrast to traditional antennas, the dimensions of micromechanical oscillators sensitive to electromagnetic waves can be much smaller than the wavelength. We characterized the micromechanical oscillators and measured responses to electric fields and estimated the performance limits by evaluating the signal-to-noise ratio theoretically and experimentally.

  1. Spin gauge theory of the first generation ; 2, basic theory of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, J S R

    1984-01-01

    Spin gauge theory of the first generation ; 2, basic theory of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions

  2. Low voltage supply system for the very front end readout electronics of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lustermann, W; Denes, P; Djambazov, L; Dröge, M; Faure, J L; Iliev, Bozhidar Z; Nanov, I; Raykov, P; Shivarov, N

    1999-01-01

    Low voltage supply system for the very front end readout electronics of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter

  3. ON THE INFLUENCE OF THE GEOMETRY ON SKIN EFFECT IN ELECTROMAGNETISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faou, Erwan

    ON THE INFLUENCE OF THE GEOMETRY ON SKIN EFFECT IN ELECTROMAGNETISM GABRIEL CALOZ, MONIQUE DAUGE, ERWAN FAOU, VICTOR P´ERON ABSTRACT. We consider the equations of electromagnetism set on a domain made in electromagnetism. This effect describes the rapid decay of electromagnetic fields with depth inside a metallic

  4. K -> pi pi Phenomenology in the Presence of Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincenzo Cirigliano; John F. Donoghue; Eugene Golowich

    2000-08-28

    We describe the influence of electromagnetism on the phenomenology of K -> pi pi decays. This is required because the present data were analyzed without inclusion of electromagnetic radiative corrections, and hence contain several ambiguities and uncertainties which we describe in detail. Our presentation includes a full description of the infrared effects needed for a new experimental analysis. It also describes the general treatment of final state interaction phases, needed because Watson's theorem is no longer valid in the presence of electromagnetism. The phase of the isospin-two amplitude A_2 may be modified by 50% -> 100%. We provide a tentative analysis using present data in order to illustrate the sensitivity to electromagnetic effects, and also discuss how the standard treatment of epsilon'/epsilon is modified.

  5. 1D subsurface electromagnetic fields excited by energized steel casing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    1D subsurface electromagnetic fields excited by energized steel casing Wei Yang1 , Carlos Torres-cased well is energized at the surface or within the borehole at an arbitrary depth with an electrode

  6. Design and parametric simulation of radially oriented electromagnetic actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosworth, William R., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents the design and simulation of an electromagnetic actuator system capable of delivering large pulses of radial force onto a cylindrical surface. Due to its robust design, simple control scheme, and large ...

  7. Low-cost electromagnetic tagging : design and implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Richard R. (Richard Ribon)

    2002-01-01

    Several implementations of chipless RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags are presented and discussed as low-cost alternatives to chip-based RFID tags and sensors. An overview of present-day near-field electromagnetic ...

  8. Direct visualization of terahertz electromagnetic waves in classic experimental geometries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werley, Christopher Alan

    2012-01-01

    We used newly developed experimental methods to collect educational video clips of electromagnetic waves propagating at the speed of light. The terahertz frequency waves were generated and detected in LiNbO3 crystals ...

  9. A scalable electro-magnetic communication system for underwater swarms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, Uwe

    A scalable electro-magnetic communication system for underwater swarms Felix Schill 1 Uwe R. Zimmer for communication is small compared to propulsion requirements. Communication of state information can there- fore

  10. Design of high temperature high speed electromagnetic axial thrust bearing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohiuddin, Mohammad Waqar

    2002-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is researching the magnetic bearings to use it as a better alternative to conventional bearings. This research was to develop an axial thrust electromagnetic bearing for high performance jet...

  11. Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Oliver K.

    2013-08-20

    Professor Baker was a faculty member at Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, and, jointly, a Staff Physicist at Jefferson Lab in nearby Newport News from September 1989 to July 2006. The Department of Energy (DOE) funded the grant DE-FG02-97ER41035 Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei, while Baker was in this joint appointment. Baker sent a closeout report on these activities to Hampton University’s Sponsored Research Office some years ago, shortly after joining Yale University in 2006. In the period around 2001, the research grant with Baker as the Principal Investigator (PI) was put under the supervision of Professor Liguang Tang at Hampton University. Baker continued to pursue the research while in this join appointment, however the administrative responsibilities with the DOE and with Hampton University rested with Professor Tang after 2001, to my recollection. What is written in this document is from Baker’s memory of the research activities, which he has not pursued since joining the Yale University faculty.

  12. Electromagnetic Probes at RHIC-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. David; R. Rapp; Z. Xu

    2008-04-25

    We summarize how future measurements of electromagnetic (e.m.) probes at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), in connection with theoretical analysis, can advance our understanding of strongly interacting matter at high energy densities and temperatures. After a brief survey of the important role that e.m. probes data have played at the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS, CERN) and RHIC to date, we identify key physics objectives and observables that remain to be addressed to characterize the (strongly interacting) Quark-Gluon Plasma (sQGP) and associated transition properties at RHIC. These include medium modifications of vector mesons via low-mass dileptons, a temperature measurement of the hot phases via continuum radiation, as well as gamma-gamma correlations to characterize early source sizes. We outline strategies to establish microscopic matter and transition properties such as the number of degrees of freedom in the sQGP, the origin of the hadron masses and manifestations of chiral symmetry restoration, which will require accompanying but rather well-defined advances in theory. Increased experimental precision, order of magnitude higher statistics than currently achievable, as well as a detailed scan of colliding species and energies are then mandatory to achieve sufficient discrimination power in theoretical interpretations. This increased precision can be achieved with hardware upgrades to the large RHIC detectors (PHENIX and STAR) along with at least a factor of ten as increase in luminosity over the next few years as envisioned for RHIC-II.

  13. Calibrating Accelerometers Using an Electromagnetic Launcher

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erik Timpson

    2012-05-13

    A Pulse Forming Network (PFN), Helical Electromagnetic Launcher (HEML), Command Module (CM), and Calibration Table (CT) were built and evaluated for the combined ability to calibrate an accelerometer. The PFN has a maximum stored energy of 19.25 kJ bank and is fired by a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR), with appropriate safety precautions. The HEML is constructed out of G-10 fiberglass and is designed to accelerate 600 grams to 10 meters per second. The CM is microcontroller based running Arduino Software. The CM has a keypad input and 7 segment outputs of the bank voltage and desired voltage. After entering a desired bank voltage, the CM controls the charge of the PFN. When the two voltages are equal it allows the fire button to send a pulse to the SCR to fire the PFN and in turn, the HEML. The HEML projectile's tip hits a target that is held by the CT. The CT consists of a table to hold the PFN and HEML, a vacuum chuck, air bearing, velocity meter and catch pot. The Target is held with the vacuum chuck awaiting impact. After impact, the air bearing allows the target to fall freely for the velocity meter to get an accurate reading. A known acceleration is determined from the known change in velocity of the target. Thus, if an accelerometer was attached to the target, the measured value can be compared to the known value.

  14. Binary power multiplier for electromagnetic energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farkas, Zoltan D. (203 Leland Ave., Menlo Park, CA 94025)

    1988-01-01

    A technique for converting electromagnetic pulses to higher power amplitude and shorter duration, in binary multiples, splits an input pulse into two channels, and subjects the pulses in the two channels to a number of binary pulse compression operations. Each pulse compression operation entails combining the pulses in both input channels and selectively steering the combined power to one output channel during the leading half of the pulses and to the other output channel during the trailing half of the pulses, and then delaying the pulse in the first output channel by an amount equal to half the initial pulse duration. Apparatus for carrying out each of the binary multiplication operation preferably includes a four-port coupler (such as a 3 dB hybrid), which operates on power inputs at a pair of input ports by directing the combined power to either of a pair of output ports, depending on the relative phase of the inputs. Therefore, by appropriately phase coding the pulses prior to any of the pulse compression stages, the entire pulse compression (with associated binary power multiplication) can be carried out solely with passive elements.

  15. (Low frequency electromagnetic fields and public health)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldrich, T.E.

    1988-05-23

    The traveler participated in the IARC-sponsored workshop entitled Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) and Public Health'' where he delivered the keynote address. This address set the stage for deliberations among the EMF public health professionals regarding strategies for international collaborative work on this topic. Strong emphasis was placed in explicit exposure monitoring. The traveler also participated in the Tenth Yves Biraud Seminar on rare-event surveillance as a sentinel system for detection potential environmental hazards. He presented an invited paper describing a means for making rapid, preliminary decisions regarding potential health impacts due to contamination of the environment around point sources of toxic substances. He served as the symposium's expert on numerical techniques on the use of spatial and temporal aggregation of rare health events. There is considerable variation among countries in emphasis on application of sentinel systems and application of sentinel systems and data gathering. France has a highly automated, statistically-sophisticated system involving individual physician reporting of specific reportable infectious diseases to a central location. The European Common Market nations are sold on this concept and are supporting the development of an internationally coordinated system.

  16. Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

    1988-01-01

    Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

  17. Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

    1987-01-01

    Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

  18. Electromagnetic anti-jam telemetry tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ganesan, Harini (Sugar Land, TX); Mayzenberg, Nataliya (Missouri City, TX)

    2008-02-12

    A mud-pulse telemetry tool includes a tool housing, a motor disposed in the tool housing, and a magnetic coupling coupled to the motor and having an inner shaft and an outer shaft. The tool may also include a stator coupled to the tool housing, a restrictor disposed proximate the stator and coupled to the magnetic coupling, so that the restrictor and the stator adapted to generate selected pulses in a drilling fluid when the restrictor is selectively rotated. The tool may also include a first anti-jam magnet coupled to the too housing, and an second anti-jam magnet disposed proximate the first anti-jam magnet and coupled to the inner shaft and/or the outer shaft, wherein at least one of the first anti-jam magnet and the second anti-jam magnet is an electromagnet, and wherein the first anti-jam magnet and the second anti-jam magnet are positioned with adjacent like poles.

  19. The universal C*-algebra of the electromagnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchholz, Detlev; Ruzzi, Giuseppe; Vasselli, Ezio

    2015-01-01

    A universal C*-algebra of the electromagnetic field is constructed. It is represented in any quantum field theory which incorporates electromagnetism and expresses basic features of this field such as Maxwell's equations, Poincar\\'e covariance and Einstein causality. Moreover, topological properties of the field resulting from Maxwell's equations are encoded in the algebra, leading to commutation relations with values in its center. The representation theory of the algebra is discussed with focus on vacuum representations, fixing the dynamics of the field.

  20. Does the Poynting vector always represent electromagnetic power flow?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changbiao Wang

    2015-07-07

    Poynting vector as electromagnetic power flow has prevailed over one hundred years in the community. However in this paper, it is shown from Maxwell equations that the Poynting vector may not represent the electromagnetic power flow for a plane wave in a non-dispersive, lossless, non-conducting, anisotropic uniform medium; this important conclusion revises the conventional understanding of Poynting vector. It is also shown that this conclusion is clearly supported by Fermat's principle and special theory of relativity.

  1. Fast dynamic force computation for electrostatic and electromagnetic conductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koteeswaran, Prabhavathi

    2005-02-17

    -1 FAST DYNAMIC FORCE COMPUTATION FOR ELECTROSTATIC AND ELECTROMAGNETIC CONDUCTORS AThesis by PRABHAVATHI KOTEESWARAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Computer Engineering FAST DYNAMIC FORCE COMPUTATION FOR ELECTROSTATIC AND ELECTROMAGNETIC CONDUCTORS AThesis by PRABHAVATHI KOTEESWARAN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  2. Electromagnetic quasinormal modes of D-dimensional black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. López-Ortega

    2006-11-02

    Using the monodromy method we calculate the asymptotic quasinormal (QN) frequencies of an electromagnetic field moving in D-dimensional Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild de Sitter (SdS) black holes ($D\\geq 4$). For the D-dimensional Schwarzschild anti-de Sitter (SadS) black hole we also compute these frequencies with a similar method. Moreover, we calculate the electromagnetic normal modes of the D-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime.

  3. Electromagnetic vertex function of the pion at T > 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. van der heide; J. H. Koch; E. Laermann

    2005-12-23

    The matrix element of the electromagnetic current between pion states is calculated in quenched lattice QCD at a temperature of $T = 0.93 T_c$. The nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert action is used together with the corresponding ${\\cal O}(a)$ improved vector current. The electromagnetic vertex function is extracted for pion masses down to $360 {\\rm MeV}$ and momentum transfers $Q^2 \\le 2.7 {\\rm GeV}^2$.

  4. Does the Poynting vector always represent electromagnetic power flow?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changbiao

    2015-01-01

    Poynting vector as electromagnetic power flow has prevailed over one hundred years in the community. However in this paper, it is shown from Maxwell equations that the Poynting vector may not represent the electromagnetic power flow for a plane wave in a non-dispersive, lossless, non-conducting, anisotropic uniform medium; this important conclusion revises the conventional understanding of Poynting vector. It is also shown that this conclusion is clearly supported by Fermat's principle and special theory of relativity.

  5. Generating Electromagnetic Waves from Gravity Waves in Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Hogan; S. O'Farrell

    2009-05-18

    Examples of test electromagnetic waves on a Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker(FLRW) background are constructed from explicit perturbations of the FLRW space-times describing gravitational waves propagating in the isotropic universes. A possible physical mechanism for the production of the test electromagnetic waves is shown to be the coupling of the gravitational waves with a test magnetic field, confirming the observation of Marklund, Dunsby and Brodin [Phys.Rev. D62,101501(R) (2000)].

  6. Rydberg Atoms Ionisation by Microwave Field and Electromagnetic Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Kaulakys; G. Vilutis

    1995-04-10

    A simple theory of the Rydberg atoms ionisation by electromagnetic pulses and microwave field is presented. The analysis is based on the scale transformation which reduces the number of parameters and reveals the functional dependencies of the processes. It is shown that the observed ionisation of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond electromagnetic pulses scale classically. The threshold electric field required to ionise a Rydberg state may be simply evaluated in the photonic basis approach for the quantum dynamics or from the multiphoton ionisation theory.

  7. Spatiotemporal electromagnetic soliton and spatial ring formation in nonlinear metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Jinggui; Wen Shuangchun; Xiang Yuanjiang; Wang Youwen; Luo Hailu [Key Laboratory for Micro/Nano Optoelectronic Devices of Ministry of Education, School of Computer and Communication, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2010-02-15

    We present a systematic investigation of ultrashort electromagnetic pulse propagation in metamaterials (MMs) with simultaneous cubic electric and magnetic nonlinearity. We predict that spatiotemporal electromagnetic solitons may exist in the positive-index region of a MM with focusing nonlinearity and anomalous group velocity dispersion (GVD), as well as in the negative-index region of the MM with defocusing nonlinearity and normal GVD. The experimental circumstances for generating and manipulating spatiotemporal electromagnetic solitons can be created by elaborating appropriate MMs. In addition, we find that, in the negative-index region of a MM, a spatial ring may be formed as the electromagnetic pulse propagates for focusing nonlinearity and anomalous GVD; while the phenomenon of temporal splitting of the electromagnetic pulse may appear for the same case except for the defocusing nonlinearity. Finally, we demonstrate that the nonlinear magnetization makes the sign of effective electric nonlinear effect switchable due to the combined action of electric and magnetic nonlinearity, exerting a significant influence on the propagation of electromagnetic pulses.

  8. Nuclear electromagnetic pulse and the electric power system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Legro, J.R.; Reed, T.J.

    1985-01-01

    A single, high-altitude nuclear detonation over the continental United States can expose large geographic areas to transient, electromagnetic pulse (EMP). The initial electromagnetic fields produced by this event have been defined as high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP). Later-time, low frequency fields have been defined as magnetohydrodynamic-electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP). Nuclear detonations at, or near the surface of the earth can also produce transient EMP. These electromagnetic phenomena have been defined as source region electromagnetic pulse (SREMP). The Division of Electric Energy Systems (EES) of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) has formulated and implemented a Program Plan to assess the possible effects of the above nuclear EMP on civilian electric power systems. This unclassified research effort is under the technical leadership of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This paper presents a brief perspective of EMP phenomenology and important interaction issues for power systems based on research performed by Westinghouse Advanced Systems Technology as a principal subcontractor in the research effort.

  9. Innovative Electromagnetic Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Bruce Nestleroth

    2006-05-04

    Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. Battelle is in the final year on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In the third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted. In this reporting period, a general design of the rotating permanent magnet inspection system is presented. The rotating permanent magnet inspection system is feasible for pipes ranging in diameter from 8 to 18 inches using a two pole configuration. Experimental results and theoretical calculations provide the basis for selection of the critical design parameters. The parameters include a significant magnet to pipe separation that will facilitate the passage of pipeline features. With the basic values of critical components established, the next step is a detailed mechanical design of a pipeline ready inspection system.

  10. Lattice p-Form Electromagnetism and Chain Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derek K. Wise

    2005-10-08

    Since Wilson's work on lattice gauge theory in the 1970s, discrete versions of field theories have played a vital role in fundamental physics. But there is recent interest in certain higher dimensional analogues of gauge theory, such as p-form electromagnetism, including the Kalb-Ramond field in string theory, and its nonabelian generalizations. It is desirable to discretize such `higher gauge theories' in a way analogous to lattice gauge theory, but with the fundamental geometric structures in the discretization boosted in dimension. As a step toward studying discrete versions of more general higher gauge theories, we consider the case of p-form electromagnetism. We show that discrete p-form electromagnetism admits a simple algebraic description in terms of chain complexes of abelian groups. Moreover, the model allows discrete spacetimes with quite general geometry, in contrast to the regular cubical lattices usually associated with lattice gauge theory. After constructing a suitable model of discrete spacetime for p-form electromagnetism, we quantize the theory using the Euclidean path integral formalism. The main result is a description of p-form electromagnetism as a `chain field theory' -- a theory analogous to topological quantum field theory, but with chain complexes replacing manifolds. This, in particular, gives a notion of time evolution from one `spacelike slice' of discrete spacetime to another.

  11. Spacetime dynamics of spinning particles - exact gravito-electromagnetic analogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Filipe O. Costa; José Natário; Miguel Zilhão

    2015-07-29

    We compare the rigorous equations describing the motion of spinning test particles in gravitational and electromagnetic fields, and show that if the Mathisson-Pirani spin condition holds then exact gravito-electromagnetic analogies emerge. These analogies provide a familiar formalism to treat gravitational problems, as well as a means for comparing the two interactions. Fundamental differences are manifest in the symmetries and time projections of the electromagnetic and gravitational tidal tensors. The physical consequences of the symmetries of the tidal tensors are explored comparing the following analogous setups: magnetic dipoles in the field of non-spinning/spinning charges, and gyroscopes in the Schwarzschild, Kerr, and Kerr-de Sitter spacetimes. The implications of the time-projections of the tidal tensors are illustrated by the work done on the particle in various frames; in particular, a reciprocity is found to exist: in a frame comoving with the particle, the electromagnetic (but not the gravitational) field does work on it, causing a variation of its proper mass; conversely, for "static observers", a stationary gravitomagnetic (but not a magnetic) field does work on the particle, and the associated potential energy is seen to embody the Hawking-Wald spin-spin interaction energy. The issue of hidden momentum, and its counterintuitive dynamical implications, is also analyzed. Finally, a number of issues regarding the electromagnetic interaction are clarified, namely the differences in the dynamics of electric and magnetic dipoles, and the physical meaning of Dixon's equations.

  12. On the Pair Electromagnetic Pulse of a Black Hole with Electromagnetic Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remo Ruffini; Jay D. Salmonson; James R. Wilson; She-Sheng Xue

    1999-07-02

    We study the relativistically expanding electron-positron pair plasma formed by the process of vacuum polarization around an electromagnetic black hole (EMBH). Such processes can occur for EMBH's with mass all the way up to $6\\cdot 10^5M_\\odot$. Beginning with a idealized model of a Reissner-Nordstrom EMBH with charge to mass ratio $\\xi=0.1$, numerical hydrodynamic calculations are made to model the expansion of the pair-electromagnetic pulse (PEM pulse) to the point that the system is transparent to photons. Three idealized special relativistic models have been compared and contrasted with the results of the numerically integrated general relativistic hydrodynamic equations. One of the three models has been validated: a PEM pulse of constant thickness in the laboratory frame is shown to be in excellent agreement with results of the general relativistic hydrodynamic code. It is remarkable that this precise model, starting from the fundamental parameters of the EMBH, leads uniquely to the explicit evaluation of the parameters of the PEM pulse, including the energy spectrum and the astrophysically unprecedented large Lorentz factors (up to $6\\cdot 10^3$ for a $10^3 M_{\\odot}$ EMBH). The observed photon energy at the peak of the photon spectrum at the moment of photon decoupling is shown to range from 0.1 MeV to 4 MeV as a function of the EMBH mass. Correspondingly the total energy in photons is in the range of $10^{52}$ to $10^{54}$ ergs, consistent with observed gamma-ray bursts. In these computations we neglect the presence of baryonic matter which will be the subject of forthcoming publications.

  13. On the pair-electromagnetic pulse from an electromagnetic Black Hole surrounded by a Baryonic Remnant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remo Ruffini; Jay D. Salmonson; James R. Wilson; She-Sheng Xue

    2000-04-18

    The interaction of an expanding Pair-Electromagnetic pulse (PEM pulse) with a shell of baryonic matter surrounding a Black Hole with electromagnetic structure (EMBH) is analyzed for selected values of the baryonic mass at selected distances well outside the dyadosphere of an EMBH. The dyadosphere, the region in which a super critical field exists for the creation of electron-positron pairs, is here considered in the special case of a Reissner-Nordstrom geometry. The interaction of the PEM pulse with the baryonic matter is described using a simplified model of a slab of constant thickness in the laboratory frame (constant-thickness approximation) as well as performing the integration of the general relativistic hydrodynamical equations. The validation of the constant-thickness approximation, already presented in a previous paper Ruffini, et al.(1999) for a PEM pulse in vacuum, is here generalized to the presence of baryonic matter. It is found that for a baryonic shell of mass-energy less than 1% of the total energy of the dyadosphere, the constant-thickness approximation is in excellent agreement with full general relativistic computations. The approximation breaks down for larger values of the baryonic shell mass, however such cases are of less interest for observed Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). On the basis of numerical computations of the slab model for PEM pulses, we describe (i) the properties of relativistic evolution of a PEM pulse colliding with a baryonic shell; (ii) the details of the expected emission energy and observed temperature of the associated GRBs for a given value of the EMBH mass; 10^3 solar masses, and for baryonic mass-energies in the range 10^{-8} to 10^{-2} the total energy of the dyadosphere.

  14. Geometrical Interpretation of Electromagnetism in 5-Dimensional Manifold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, TaeHun

    2015-01-01

    In this paper Kaluza-Klein theory is revisited and its implications are elaborated. We show that electromagnetic 4-potential is a deformation factor of a 5-dimensional (5D) manifold along the fifth (5th) axis. The charge-to-mass ratio has a physical meaning as the ratio of the movement along the direction of the 5th axis to the movement in the 4D space-time. Examinations on the interaction between particles registered by different observers suggest a covariance breaking of the 5th dimension. In order to have a 5D matter which is consistent with the construction of the 5D manifold, a notion of particle-thread is considered. Finally, the field equations which extend the Einstein field equations give the total energy-momentum tensor as a sum of that of matter, electromagnetic field, and the interaction between electric current and electromagnetic field.

  15. Geometrical Interpretation of Electromagnetism in 5-Dimensional Manifold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TaeHun Kim; Hyunbyuk Kim

    2015-07-12

    In this paper Kaluza-Klein theory is revisited and its implications are elaborated. We show that electromagnetic 4-potential is a deformation factor of a 5-dimensional (5D) manifold along the fifth (5th) axis. The charge-to-mass ratio has a physical meaning as the ratio of the movement along the direction of the 5th axis to the movement in the 4D space-time. Examinations on the interaction between particles registered by different observers suggest a covariance breaking of the 5th dimension. In order to have a 5D matter which is consistent with the construction of the 5D manifold, a notion of particle-thread is considered. Finally, the field equations which extend the Einstein field equations give the total energy-momentum tensor as a sum of that of matter, electromagnetic field, and the interaction between electric current and electromagnetic field.

  16. Electromagnetic prompt response in an elastic wave cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Martínez-Argüello; M. Martínez-Mares; M. Cobián-Suárez; G. Báez; R. A. Méndez-Sánchez

    2015-02-11

    A rapid, or prompt response, of an electromagnetic nature, is found in an elastic wave scattering experiment. The experiment is performed with torsional elastic waves in a quasi-one-dimensional cavity with one port, formed by a notch grooved at a certain distance from the free end of a beam. The stationary patterns are diminished using a passive vibration isolation system at the other end of the beam. The measurement of the resonances is performed with non-contact electromagnetic-acoustic transducers outside the cavity. In the Argand plane, each resonance describes a circle over a base impedance curve which comes from the electromagnetic components of the equipment. A model, based on a variation of Poisson's kernel is developed. Excellent agreement between theory and experiment is obtained.

  17. A Continuous Field Theory of Matter and Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond J. Beach

    2012-08-31

    A continuous field theory of matter and electromagnetism is developed. The starting point of the theory is the classical Maxwell equations which are directly tied to the Riemann-Christoffel curvature tensor. This is done through the derivatives of the Maxwell tensor which are equated to a vector field contracted with the curvature tensor. The electromagnetic portion of the theory is shown to be equivalent to the classical Maxwell equations with the addition of a hidden variable. Because the proposed equations describing electromagnetism and matter differ from the classical Maxwell-Einstein equations, their ability to describe classical physics is shown for several situations by direct calculation. The inclusion of antimatter and the possibility of particle-like solutions exhibiting both quantized charge and mass are discussed.

  18. Surface electromagnetic wave equations in a warm magnetized quantum plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Chunhua; Yang, Weihong [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Wu, Zhengwei, E-mail: wuzw@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Center of Low Temperature Plasma Application, Yunnan Aerospace Industry Company, Kunming, 650229 Yunnan (China); Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

    2014-07-15

    Based on the single-fluid plasma model, a theoretical investigation of surface electromagnetic waves in a warm quantum magnetized inhomogeneous plasma is presented. The surface electromagnetic waves are assumed to propagate on the plane between a vacuum and a warm quantum magnetized plasma. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic model includes quantum diffraction effect (Bohm potential), and quantum statistical pressure is used to derive the new dispersion relation of surface electromagnetic waves. And the general dispersion relation is analyzed in some special cases of interest. It is shown that surface plasma oscillations can be propagated due to quantum effects, and the propagation velocity is enhanced. Furthermore, the external magnetic field has a significant effect on surface wave's dispersion equation. Our work should be of a useful tool for investigating the physical characteristic of surface waves and physical properties of the bounded quantum plasmas.

  19. The Electromagnetic Field as a Synchrony Gauge Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert D. Bock

    2015-09-24

    Building on our previous work, we investigate the identification of the electromagnetic field as a local gauge field of a restricted group of synchrony transformations. We begin by arguing that the inability to measure the one-way speed of light independent of a synchronization scheme necessitates that physical laws must be reformulated without distant simultaneity. As a result, we are forced to introduce a new operational definition of time which leads to a fundamental space-time invariance principle that is related to a subset of the synchrony group. We identify the gauge field associated with this new invariance principle with the electromagnetic field. Consequently, the electromagnetic field acquires a space-time interpretation, as suggested in our previous work. In addition, we investigate the static, spherically symmetric solution of the resulting field equations. Also, we discuss implications of the present work for understanding the tension between classical and quantum theory.

  20. The Electromagnetic Field as a Synchrony Gauge Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bock, Robert D

    2015-01-01

    Building on our previous work, we investigate the identification of the electromagnetic field as a local gauge field of a restricted group of synchrony transformations. We begin by arguing that the inability to measure the one-way speed of light independent of a synchronization scheme necessitates that physical laws must be reformulated without distant simultaneity. As a result, we are forced to introduce a new operational definition of time which leads to a fundamental space-time invariance principle that is related to a subset of the synchrony group. We identify the gauge field associated with this new invariance principle with the electromagnetic field. Consequently, the electromagnetic field acquires a space-time interpretation, as suggested in our previous work. In addition, we investigate the static, spherically symmetric solution of the resulting field equations. Also, we discuss implications of the present work for understanding the tension between classical and quantum theory.

  1. Division of the Energy and of the Momentum of Electromagnetic Waves in Linear Media into Electromagnetic and Material Parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo L. Saldanha

    2011-02-02

    We defend a natural division of the energy density, energy flux and momentum density of electromagnetic waves in linear media in electromagnetic and material parts. In this division, the electromagnetic part of these quantities have the same form as in vacuum when written in terms of the macroscopic electric and magnetic fields, the material momentum is calculated directly from the Lorentz force that acts on the charges of the medium, the material energy is the sum of the kinetic and potential energies of the charges of the medium and the material energy flux results from the interaction of the electric field with the magnetized medium. We present reasonable models for linear dispersive non-absorptive dielectric and magnetic media that agree with this division. We also argue that the electromagnetic momentum of our division can be associated with the electromagnetic relativistic momentum, inspired on the recent work of Barnett [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070401 (2010)] that showed that the Abraham momentum is associated with the kinetic momentum and the Minkowski momentum is associated with the canonical momentum.

  2. Beam dynamics studies for transverse electromagnetic mode type rf deflectors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ahmed, Shahid; Krafft, Geoffrey A.; Deitrick, Kirsten; De Silva, Subashini U.; Delayen, Jean R.; Spata, Mike; Tiefenback, Michael; Hofler, Alicia; Beard, Kevin

    2012-02-01

    We have performed three-dimensional simulations of beam dynamics for transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) type rf deflectors: normal and superconducting. The compact size of these cavities as compared to the conventional TM110 type structures is more attractive particularly at low frequency. Highly concentrated electromagnetic fields between the parallel bars provide strong electrical stability to the beam for any mechanical disturbance. An array of six 2-cell normal conducting cavities or a single cell superconducting structure is enough to produce the required vertical displacement at the target point. Both the normal and superconducting structures show very small emittance dilution due to the verticalmore »kick of the beam.« less

  3. Statistics of the electromagnetic response of a chaotic reverberation chamber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. -B. Gros; U. Kuhl; O. Legrand; F. Mortessagne; O. Picon; E. Richalot

    2014-09-20

    This article presents a study of the electromagnetic response of a chaotic reverberation chamber (RC) in the presence of losses. By means of simulations and of experiments, the fluctuations in the maxima of the field obtained in a conventional mode-stirred RC are compared with those in a chaotic RC in the neighborhood of the Lowest Useable Frequency (LUF). The present work illustrates that the universal spectral and spatial statistical properties of chaotic RCs allow to meet more adequately the criteria required by the Standard IEC 61000-4-21 to perform tests of electromagnetic compatibility.

  4. Electromagnetic nucleon form factors in instant and point form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Melde; K. Berger; L. Canton; W. Plessas; R. F. Wagenbrunn

    2007-09-30

    We present a study of the electromagnetic structure of the nucleons with constituent quark models in the framework of relativistic quantum mechanics. In particular, we address the construction of spectator-model currents in the instant and point forms. Corresponding results for the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors as well as charge radii and magnetic moments are presented. We also compare results obtained by different realistic nucleon wave functions stemming from alternative constituent quark models. Finally, we discuss the theoretical uncertainties that reside in the construction of spectator-model transition operators.

  5. Electromagnetically Induced Transparency from a Single Atom in Free Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Slodicka; G. Hetet; S. Gerber; M. Hennrich; R. Blatt

    2010-05-18

    We report an absorption spectroscopy experiment and the observation of electromagnetically induced transparency from a single trapped atom. We focus a weak and narrowband Gaussian light beam onto an optically cooled Barium ion using a high numerical aperture lens. Extinction of this beam is observed with measured values of up to 1.3 %. We demonstrate electromagnetically induced transparency of the ion by tuning a strong control beam over a two-photon resonance in a three-level lambda-type system. The probe beam extinction is inhibited by more than 75 % due to population trapping.

  6. Analog Electromagnetism in a Symmetrized $^3$He-A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacek Dziarmaga

    2001-12-18

    We derive a low temperature effective action for the order parameter in a symmetrized phase A of helium 3, where the Fermi velocity equals the transversal velocity of low energy fermionic quasiparticles. The effective action has a form of the electromagnetic action. This analog electromagnetism is a part of the program to derive analog gravity and the standard model as a low energy effective theory in a condensed matter system. For the analog gauge field to satisfy the Maxwell equations interactions in $^3$He require special tuning that leads to the symmetric case.

  7. Electromagnetic leptogenesis at the TeV scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debajyoti Choudhury; Namit Mahajan; Sudhanwa Patra; Utpal Sarkar

    2011-04-11

    We construct an explicit model implementing electromagnetic leptogenesis. In a simple extension of the Standard Model, a discrete symmetry forbids the usual decays of the right-handed neutrinos, while allowing for an effective coupling between the left-handed and right-handed neutrinos through the electromagnetic dipole moment. This generates correct leptogenesis with resonant enhancement and also the required neutrino mass via a TeV scale seesaw mechanism. The model is consistent with low energy phenomenology and would have distinct signals in the next generation colliders, and, perhaps even the LHC.

  8. Electromagnetic Field Quantization in Time-Dependent Dielectric Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Min Bei; Zhong-Zhu Liu

    2011-04-18

    We present a Gupta-Bleuler quantization scheme for the electromagnetic field in time-dependent dielectric media. Starting from the Maxwell equations, a generalization of the Lorentz gauge condition adapted to time varying dielectrics is derived. Using this gauge, a Gupta-Bleuler approach to quantize all polarizations of the radiation field and the corresponding constraint condition are introduced. This new approach is different from the quantized electromagnetic field in vacuum in the sense that here the contributions of unphysical photons cannot be thoroughly eliminated, which further lead to a surface charge density. Finally, a discussion of potential experimental tests and possible implication is also made.

  9. Electromagnetic triangle anomaly and neutral pion condensation in QCD vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Gaoqing

    2015-01-01

    We study the QCD vacuum structure under the influence of an electromagnetic field with a nonzero second Lorentz invariant $I_2=\\vec{E}\\cdot{\\vec B}$. We show that the presence of $I_2$ can induce neutral pion ($\\pi^0$) condensation in the QCD vacuum through the electromagnetic triangle anomaly. Within the frameworks of chiral perturbation theory at leading small-momenta expansion as well as the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model at leading $1/N_c$ expansion, we quantify the dependence of the $\\pi^0$ condensate on $I_2$. The stability of the $\\pi^0$-condensed vacuum against the Schwinger charged pair production due to electric field is also discussed.

  10. Electromagnetic field quantization in a linear dielectric medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Kheirandish; M. Amooshahi

    2005-11-13

    By modeling a dielectric medium with two independent reservoirs, i.e., electric and magnetic reservoirs, the electromagnetic field is quantized in a linear dielectric medium consistently. A Hamiltonian is proposed from which using the Heisenberg equations, not only the Maxwell equations but also the structural equations can be obtained. Using the Laplace transformation, the wave equation for the electromagnetic vector potential is solved in the case of a homogeneous dielectric medium. Some examples are considered showing the applicability of the model to both absorptive and nonabsorptive dielectrics.

  11. Electromagnetic low-energy constants in ChPT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph Haefeli; Mikhail A. Ivanov; Martin Schmid

    2007-10-29

    We investigate three-flavour chiral perturbation theory including virtual photons in a limit where the strange quark mass is much larger than the external momenta and the up and down quark masses, and where the external fields are those of two-flavour chiral perturbation theory. In particular we work out the strange quark mass dependence of the electromagnetic two-flavour low-energy constants C and k_i. We expect that these relations will be useful for a more precise determination of the electromagnetic low-energy constants.

  12. Electromagnetic interactions for the two-body spectator equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Adam; Franz Gross; J.W. Van Orden

    1997-10-01

    This paper presents a new non-associative algebra which is used to (1) show how the spectator (or Gross) two-body equations and electromagnetic currents can be formally derived from the Bethe-Salpeter equation and currents if both are treated to all orders, (2) obtain explicit expressions for the Gross two-body electromagnetic currents valid to any order, and (3) prove that the currents so derived are exactly gauge invariant when truncated consistently to any finite order. In addition to presenting these new results, this work complements and extends previous treatments based largely on the analysis of sums of Feynman diagrams.

  13. Graded pitch electromagnetic pump for thin strip metal casting systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuznetsov, Stephen B. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1986-01-01

    A metal strip casing system is provided with an electromagnetic pump which includes a pair of primary blocks having a graded pole pitch, polyphase ac winding and being arranged on opposite sides of a movable heat sink. A nozzle is provided for depositing liquid metal on the heat sink such that the resulting metal strip and heat sink combination is subjected to a longitudinal electromagnetic field which increases in wavelength in the direction of travel of the heat sink, thereby subjecting the metal and heat sink to a longitudinal force having a magnitude which increases in the direction of travel.

  14. Graded pitch electromagnetic pump for thin strip metal casting systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuznetsov, S.B.

    1986-04-01

    A metal strip casing system is provided with an electromagnetic pump which includes a pair of primary blocks having a graded pole pitch, polyphase ac winding and being arranged on opposite sides of a movable heat sink. A nozzle is provided for depositing liquid metal on the heat sink such that the resulting metal strip and heat sink combination is subjected to a longitudinal electromagnetic field which increases in wavelength in the direction of travel of the heat sink, thereby subjecting the metal and heat sink to a longitudinal force having a magnitude which increases in the direction of travel. 4 figs.

  15. Evaluation of methodologies for estimating vulnerability to electromagnetic pulse effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    High-altitude electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is an electromagnetic radiation of very short rise time, large amplitude, and brief duration that follows a nuclear explosion above the atmosphere. The area over which a single EMP event is experienced can be very great if the explosion if high enough and large enough. Several such nuclear explosions might render unprotected electronic equipment and systems inoperative over an area as large as the continental United States. Damage may occur when high currents and voltages, driven by EMP, reach vital internal circuits. It is therefore essential to protect the systems and to form some idea of how well they will withstand EMP.

  16. Beam dynamics studies for transverse electromagnetic mode type rf deflectors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ahmed, Shahid; Krafft, Geoffrey A.; Deitrick, Kirsten; De Silva, Subashini U.; Delayen, Jean R.; Spata, Mike; Tiefenback, Michael; Hofler, Alicia; Beard, Kevin

    2012-02-01

    We have performed three-dimensional simulations of beam dynamics for transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) type rf deflectors: normal and superconducting. The compact size of these cavities as compared to the conventional TM110 type structures is more attractive particularly at low frequency. Highly concentrated electromagnetic fields between the parallel bars provide strong electrical stability to the beam for any mechanical disturbance. An array of six 2-cell normal conducting cavities or a single cell superconducting structure is enough to produce the required vertical displacement at the target point. Both the normal and superconducting structures show very small emittance dilution due to the vertical kick of the beam.

  17. Cryogenic heat pipe for cooling high temperature superconductors with application to Electromagnetic Formation Flight Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Daniel W., 1980-

    2009-01-01

    An emerging method of propellant-less formation flight propulsion is the use of electromagnets coupled with reaction wheels. This technique is called Electromagnetic Formation Flight (EMFF). In order to create a large ...

  18. Electromagnetic space-time crystals. III. Dispersion relations for partial solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. N. Borzdov

    2014-10-21

    Partial solutions of the Dirac equation describing an electron motion in electromagnetic crystals created by plane waves with linear and circular polarizations are treated. It is shown that the electromagnetic crystal formed by circularly polarized waves possesses the spin birefringence.

  19. Frequency and temperature dependence in electromagnetic properties of Martian analog minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stillman, David E.

    Frequency and temperature dependence in electromagnetic properties of Martian analog minerals David), Frequency and temperature dependence in electromagnetic properties of Martian analog minerals, J. Geophys energy [Grimm et al., 2006]. Lastly, dielectric and magnetic relaxations of Martian subsurface minerals

  20. Recoil polarization measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio to high momentum transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puckett, Andrew James Ruehe

    2010-01-01

    The electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon characterize the effect of its internal structure on its response to an electromagnetic probe as studied in elastic electronnucleon scattering. These form factors are functions ...

  1. 1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting wireless devices around the globe, there

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    #12;1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting electromagnetic fields that hinder today's increasingly sensitive high-performance electronics [1]. Shielding-plagued consumer market where wireless gadgets thrive. A shield, unfortunately, is not always reliable across

  2. Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced electromagnetic fields in laser-produced plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Mario John-Errol

    2013-01-01

    Spontaneous electromagnetic fields can be important to the dynamic evolution of a plasma by directing heat flow as well as providing additional pressures on the conducting fluids through the Lorentz force. Electromagnetic ...

  3. Microscale electromagnetic heating in heterogeneous energetic materials based on X-ray CT imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kort-Kamp, W J M; Ionita, A; Glover, B B; Duque, A L Higginbotham; Perry, W L; Patterson, B M; Dalvit, D A R; Moore, D S

    2015-01-01

    Electromagnetic stimulation of energetic materials provides a noninvasive and nondestructive tool for detecting and identifying explosives. We combine structural information based on X-ray computed tomography, experimental dielectric data, and electromagnetic full-wave simulations, to study microscale electromagnetic heating of realistic three-dimensional heterogeneous explosives. We analyze the formation of electromagnetic hot spots and thermal gradients in the explosive-binder meso-structures, and compare the heating rate for various binder systems.

  4. A characterization of the electromagnetic stress-energy tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Navarro; J. B. Sancho

    2011-01-13

    In a previous paper, we pointed out how a dimensional analysis of the stress-energy tensor of the gravitational field allows to derive the field equation of General Relativity. In this note, we comment an analogous reasoning in presence of a 2-form, that allows to characterize the so called electromagnetic stress-energy tensor.

  5. Does three dimensional electromagnetic field inherit the spacetime symmetries?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cvitan, Maro; Smoli?, Ivica

    2015-01-01

    We prove that the electromagnetic field in a (1+2)-dimensional spacetime necessarily inherits the symmetries of the spacetime metric in a large class of generalized Einstein-Maxwell theories. The Lagrangians of the studied theories have general diff-covariant gravitational part and include both the gravitational and the gauge Chern-Simons terms.

  6. Electromagnetic source localization with finite set of frequency measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Rab Nawaz; Saman Anjum

    2014-09-16

    A phase conjugation algorithm for localizing an extended radiating electromagnetic source from boundary measurements of the electric field is presented. Measurements are taken over a finite number of frequencies. The artifacts related to the finite frequency data are tackled with $l_1-$regularization blended with the fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm with backtracking of Beck & Teboulle.

  7. A New Electromagnetic Valve Actuator W. S. Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    A New Electromagnetic Valve Actuator W. S. Chang , T. A. Parlikar , M. D. Seeman , D. J. Perreault--In conventional internal combustion (IC) engines, en- gine valve displacements are fixed relative to crankshaft position. If these valves are actuated as a variable function of crankshaft an- gle, significant

  8. Electromagnetic fields and transport coefficients in a hot pion gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Gomez Nicola; D. Fernandez-Fraile

    2006-08-24

    We present recent results on finite temperature electromagnetic form factors and the electrical conductivity in a pion gas. The standard Chiral Perturbation Theory power counting needs to be modified for transport coefficients. We pay special attention to unitarity and to possible applications for dilepton and photon production.

  9. The modified electromagnetism and the emergent longitudinal wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arbab I Arbab; Mudhahir Al-Ajmi

    2014-01-22

    The classical theory of electromagnetism has been revisited and the possibility of longitudinal photon wave is explored. It is shown that the emergence of longitudinal wave is a consequence of Lorenz gauge (condition) violation. Proca, Vlaenderen & Waser and Arbab theories are investigated.

  10. ECE 341: Electromagnetic Fields I EM devices and systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Russ

    - Power systems - Electromagnetic compatibility - Modeling of transmission lines - Communications model electric and magnetic properties of material media in relation with field equations - Understands and appreciates EM field theory as a foundation of circuit theory and electrical engineering as a whole Maxwell

  11. "Light" or the Electromagnetic spectrum www.nasa.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    #12;"Light" or the Electromagnetic spectrum www.nasa.gov #12;Diffraction and Light · When passed Nasa.gov #12;The Visible Spectrum violet 380-420 nm indigo 420-450 nm blue 450-495 nm green 495-570 nm, Blue, or green · Cones concentrated at the center · Rods at outside of eye www.nasa.gov #12;Cone

  12. Thesis Proposal Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) Waves for Radiation Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Thesis Proposal Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) Waves for Radiation Belt Remediation particles of the Van Allen belts coming from cosmic rays, solar storms, high altitude nuclear explosions regions, as well as an obstacle to exploration and development of space technologies. The "Radiation Belt

  13. Hanbury BrownTwiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Taco D.

    Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams Gaofeng Wu1,2 and Taco D fluctuations (the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect) at two points in the same cross section of a random electro; (260.5430) Polarization. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.002561 Ever since Hanbury Brown­Twiss (HBT

  14. Electromagnetic gearing applications in hybrid-electric vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sodhi, Sameer

    1994-01-01

    In this thesis, the operation of electric machines as three port devices is studied in detail. Electric machines used in this manner are referred to as electromagnetic gears in this research. All possible steady-state operating modes of these three...

  15. Design and sizing of electromagnetic linear actuators for valve applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Page 1/9 Design and sizing of electromagnetic linear actuators for valve applications J.C Vannier1. These structures have been studied in order to drive the valves of a car motor. According to general specifications magnet, valves. 1. Introduction, general specifications The valves which can be found in thermal engines

  16. Susceptibility study of audio recording devices to electromagnetic stimulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halligan, Matthew S.; Grant, Steven L.; Beetner, Daryl G.

    2014-02-01

    Little research has been performed to study how intentional electromagnetic signals may couple into recording devices. An electromagnetic susceptibility study was performed on an analog tape recorder, a digital video camera, a wired computer microphone, and a wireless microphone system to electromagnetic interference. Devices were subjected to electromagnetic stimulations in the frequency range of 1-990 MHz and field strengths up to 4.9 V/m. Carrier and message frequencies of the stimulation signals were swept, and the impacts of device orientation and antenna polarization were explored. Message signals coupled into all devices only when amplitude modulated signals were used as stimulation signals. Test conditions that produced maximum sensitivity were highly specific to each device. Only narrow carrier frequency ranges could be used for most devices to couple messages into recordings. A basic detection technique using cross-correlation demonstrated the need for messages to be as long as possible to maximize message detection and minimize detection error. Analysis suggests that detectable signals could be coupled to these recording devices under realistic ambient conditions.

  17. Spacetime algebra as a powerful tool for electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Justin Dressel; Konstantin Y. Bliokh; Franco Nori

    2015-06-02

    We present a comprehensive introduction to spacetime algebra that emphasizes its practicality and power as a tool for the study of electromagnetism. We carefully develop this natural (Clifford) algebra of the Minkowski spacetime geometry, with a particular focus on its intrinsic (and often overlooked) complex structure. Notably, the scalar imaginary that appears throughout the electromagnetic theory properly corresponds to the unit 4-volume of spacetime itself, and thus has physical meaning. The electric and magnetic fields are combined into a single complex and frame-independent bivector field, which generalizes the Riemann-Silberstein complex vector that has recently resurfaced in studies of the single photon wavefunction. The complex structure of spacetime also underpins the emergence of electromagnetic waves, circular polarizations, the normal variables for canonical quantization, the distinction between electric and magnetic charge, complex spinor representations of Lorentz transformations, and the dual (electric-magnetic field exchange) symmetry that produces helicity conservation in vacuum fields. This latter symmetry manifests as an arbitrary global phase of the complex field, motivating the use of a complex vector potential, along with an associated transverse and gauge-invariant bivector potential, as well as complex (bivector and scalar) Hertz potentials. Our detailed treatment aims to encourage the use of spacetime algebra as a readily available and mature extension to existing vector calculus and tensor methods that can greatly simplify the analysis of fundamentally relativistic objects like the electromagnetic field.

  18. Numerical Modeling of Periodic Composite Media for Electromagnetic Shielding Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koledintseva, Marina Y.

    on a conventional mixing theory, have served as the fundamentals for these techniques. In these formulationsNumerical Modeling of Periodic Composite Media for Electromagnetic Shielding Application Dagang Wu-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The results are compared with conventional mixing theories and 3D Fourier

  19. Quantum theory of dispersive electromagnetic modes P. D. Drummond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    Quantum theory of dispersive electromagnetic modes P. D. Drummond Department of Physics proposals--have the character of fundamental tests of the quantum theory of interacting fields 7 Received 15 June 1998 A quantum theory of dispersion for an inhomogeneous solid is obtained, from

  20. Optical geometry analysis of the electromagnetic self-force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastiano Sonego; Marek A. Abramowicz

    2006-02-17

    We present an analysis of the behaviour of the electromagnetic self-force for charged particles in a conformally static spacetime, interpreting the results with the help of optical geometry. Some conditions for the vanishing of the local terms in the self-force are derived and discussed.

  1. ARTICULATORY SPACE CALIBRATION IN 3D ELECTRO-MAGNETIC ARTICULOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Michael T.

    articulatory space. A bite plate record for a target subject is used to define the maxillary occlusal collected using NDI Wave Speech Research System for one pilot subject, and calibration results of articulatory kinematics and relationship to acoustics. Index Terms-- Electro-Magnetic Articulography

  2. Space-Time Galerkin Projection of Electro-Magnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zifu; Hofmann, Heath

    2015-01-01

    Spatial Galerkin projection transfers fields between different meshes. In the area of finite element analysis of electromagnetic fields, it provides great convenience for remeshing, multi-physics, domain decomposition methods, etc. In this paper, a space-time Galerkin projection is developed in order to transfer fields between different spatial and temporal discretization bases.

  3. NEAR-SURFACE CONTROLLED-SOURCE ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    -D and advanced 3-D forward modeling and inversion for more detailed analyses. Previous reviews. EVERETT Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University College Station TX 77843 U.S.A. MAX A. MEJU The controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) induction method is emerging as a leading geophysical technique

  4. Evolution of linearly polarized electromagnetic pulses in laser plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borhanian, J. [Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz 51664 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Centre for Plasma Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University Belfast, BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Sobhanian, S. [Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz 51664 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kourakis, I. [Centre for Plasma Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University Belfast, BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Esfandyari-Kalejahi, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tabriz 51745-406 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    An analytical and numerical investigation is presented of the behavior of a linearly polarized electromagnetic pulse as it propagates through a plasma. Considering a weakly relativistic regime, the system of one-dimensional fluid-Maxwell equations is reduced to a generalized nonlinear Schroedinger type equation, which is solved numerically using a split step Fourier method. The spatio-temporal evolution of an electromagnetic pulse is investigated. The evolution of the envelope amplitude of density harmonics is also studied. An electromagnetic pulse propagating through the plasma tends to broaden due to dispersion, while the nonlinear frequency shift is observed to slow down the pulse at a speed lower than the group velocity. Such nonlinear effects are more important for higher density plasmas. The pulse broadening factor is calculated numerically, and is shown to be related to the background plasma density. In particular, the broadening effect appears to be stronger for dense plasmas. The relation to existing results on electromagnetic pulses in laser plasmas is discussed.

  5. Active absorption of electromagnetic pulses in a cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horsley, S A R; Tyc, T; Philbin, T G

    2014-01-01

    We show that a pulse of electromagnetic radiation launched into a cavity can be completely absorbed into an infinitesimal region of space, provided one has a high degree of control over the current flowing through this region. We work out explicit examples of this effect in a cubic cavity and a cylindrical one, and experimentally demonstrate the effect in the microwave regime.

  6. Asymptotic description of pulsed ultrawideband electromagnetic beam field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oughstun, Kurt

    Asymptotic description of pulsed ultrawideband electromagnetic beam field propagation in dispersive of a pulsed ultrawideband electro- magnetic beam field as it propagates through a dispersive, attenuative evolution of the pulsed-beam field through a single-contour integral that is of the same form

  7. Sensor Networking Using Two-Dimensional Electromagnetic Wave Yasutoshi Makino*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinoda, Hiroyuki

    causes wastes of energy and interferences of communication. Since intense elec- tromagnetic waveSensor Networking Using Two-Dimensional Electromagnetic Wave Yasutoshi Makino* , Kouta Minamizawa* , and Hiroyuki Shinoda* In this paper, we propose a new technology for sensor networks named "Two Dimensional

  8. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites Ning) shielding effectiveness (SE) of SWNTs. Our results indicate that SWNTs can be used as effective lightweight EMI shielding materials. Composites with greater than 20 dB shielding efficiency were obtained easily

  9. Energy and linear and angular momenta in simple electromagnetic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansuripur, Masud

    2015-01-01

    We present examples of simple electromagnetic systems in which energy, linear momentum, and angular momentum exhibit interesting behavior. The systems are sufficiently simple to allow exact solutions of Maxwell's equations in conjunction with the electrodynamic laws of force, torque, energy, and momentum. In all the cases examined, conservation of energy and momentum is confirmed.

  10. Electromagnetic Excitation of Rotating Black Holes and Relativistic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Burinskii; E. Elizalde; S. R. Hildebrandt; G. Magli

    2006-10-02

    We show that electromagnetic excitations of rotating black holes can lead to the appearance of narrow singular beams which break up the black hole horizon forming a tube-like region which connects the interior and exterior. It is argued that this effect may be at the origin of jet formation.

  11. DERIVATION OF PARTICLE, STRING AND MEMBRANE MOTIONS FROM THE BORN-INFELD ELECTROMAGNETISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenier, Yann

    DERIVATION OF PARTICLE, STRING AND MEMBRANE MOTIONS FROM THE BORN-INFELD ELECTROMAGNETISM YANN a rigorous asymptotic analysis of the Born-Infeld nonlinear electromagnetic theory. We first add to the Born introduced in [1] as a nonlinear correc- tion to the standard linear Maxwell equations for electromagnetism

  12. Negative Refraction and Left-Handed Electromagnetism in Microwave Photonic Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Negative Refraction and Left-Handed Electromagnetism in Microwave Photonic Crystals P.V. Parimi,1 W refraction observed corresponds to left-handed electromagnetism that arises due to the dispersion properties of materials that are transparent to electromagnetic (EM) waves can be characterized by an index

  13. ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we

  14. EEE 241 Fundamentals of Electromagnetics (3) [F,S] Course (Catalog) Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Objective: Students can apply fundamental electromagnetic theory to the solution of practical problems to Electromagnetic Theory. 2. Students understand the fundamentals of Electrostatics 3. Students understandEEE 241 Fundamentals of Electromagnetics (3) [F,S] Course (Catalog) Description: Vector analysis

  15. Broadband very low frequency measurement of D region ionospheric perturbations caused by lightning electromagnetic pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummer, Steven A.

    electromagnetic pulses Zhenggang Cheng,1 Steven A. Cummer,1 Han-Tzong Su,2 and Rue-Ron Hsu2 Received 10 May 2006 the lightning electromagnetic pulse (EMP) associated with elves or from quasielectrostatic fields associated perturbations caused by lightning electromagnetic pulses, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06318, doi:10.1029/2006JA

  16. Radio Science, Volume ???, Number , Pages 110, Time Reversal of Electromagnetic Waves and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    electromagnetic pulse at a central frequency of 2.45 GHz in a high-Q cavity. Another antenna records the stronglyRadio Science, Volume ???, Number , Pages 1­10, Time Reversal of Electromagnetic Waves demonstration of time-reversal focusing with electromagnetic waves in a SISO scheme. An antenna transmits a 1 µs

  17. Temporary Acceleration of Electrons While Inside an Intense Electromagnetic Pulse Kirk T. McDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Temporary Acceleration of Electrons While Inside an Intense Electromagnetic Pulse Kirk T. Mc. In­ tense electromagnetic pulses of astrophysical origin can lead to very energetic photons via potential'' associated with the envelope of the electromagnetic pulse [3]. The resulting temporary energy

  18. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, PIER 26, 89110, 2000 PULSE PROPAGATION IN SEA WATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margetis, Dionisios

    Progress in Electromagnetics Research, PIER 26, 89­110, 2000 PULSE PROPAGATION IN SEA WATER of different layers inside the earth [3­5]. In more recent years, electromagnetic pulses are studied: What is the form of the electromagnetic pulse that travels downward into the sea at any practical

  19. A THz transverse electromagnetic mode two-dimensional interconnect layer incorporating quasi-optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of transmitting subpicosecond pulses in the transverse electromagnetic TEM mode over arbitrarily long paths near the cutoff fre- quency. Such pulse broadening does not occur for the trans- verse electromagneticA THz transverse electromagnetic mode two-dimensional interconnect layer incorporating quasi

  20. Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    by the ponderomotive force [1] associated with a standing electromagnetic pulse. Be- cause of the nonlinear response of the plasma to the electromagnetic pulse, a zero frequency electron den- sity perturbation is created with a wave number twice the electromagnetic one. Then, after the pulse, the plasma relaxes towards

  1. Temporary Acceleration of Electrons While Inside an Intense Electromagnetic Pulse Kirk T. McDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Temporary Acceleration of Electrons While Inside an Intense Electromagnetic Pulse Kirk T. Mc. In- tense electromagnetic pulses of astrophysical origin can lead to very energetic photons via of the electromagnetic pulse [3]. The resulting temporary energy transfer to the longitudinal motion of the electron can

  2. Slow electromagnetic pulse propagation through a narrow transmission band in a coaxial photonic crystal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, William

    Slow electromagnetic pulse propagation through a narrow transmission band in a coaxial photonic the slow group-velocity propagation of electromagnetic pulses through a narrow transmission band describe a simple experimental configuration that leads to slow-group-velocity electromagnetic pulse

  3. ccsd00001714, Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold relativistic plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ccsd­00001714, version 2 ­ 19 Oct 2004 Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold. In the present analysis we study the self consistent propagation of nonlinear electromagnetic pulses in a one. INTRODUCTION Propagation of intense electromagnetic pulses in plas- mas is a subject of current interest

  4. An improved model of the lightning electromagnetic field interaction with the D-region ionosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    14 March 2012. [1] We present an improved time-domain model of the lightning electromagnetic pulse. Introduction [2] Lightning discharges produce both an electromagnetic pulse (EMP), due to the rapid lightningAn improved model of the lightning electromagnetic field interaction with the D-region ionosphere R

  5. Electromagnetic dissociation of relativistic {sup 28}Si by nucleon emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sonnadara, U.J.

    1992-12-01

    A detailed study of the electromagnetic dissociation of {sup 28}Si by nucleon emission at E{sub lab}/A = 14.6 (GeV/nucleon was carried out with {sup 28}Si beams interacting on {sup 208}Pb). {sup 120}Sn. {sup 64}C targets. The measurements apparatus consists of detectors in the target area which measure the energy and charged multiplicity, and a forward spectrometer which measures the position, momentum and energy of the reaction fragments. The exclusive electromagnetic dissociation cross sections for decay channels having multiple nucleons in the final state have been measured which enables the selection of events produced in pure electromagnetic interactions. The measured cross sections agree well with previous measurements obtained for the removal of a few nucleons as well as with measurements on total charge removal cross sections from other experiments. The dependence of the integrated cross sections on the target charge Z{sub T} and the target mass AT confirms that for higher Z targets the excitation is largely electromagnetic. Direct measurements of the excitation energy for the electromagnetic dissociation of {sup 28}Si {yields} p+{sup 27}Al and {sup 28}Si {yields} n+{sup 27}Si have been obtained through a calculation of the invariant mass in kinematically, reconstructed events. The excitation energy spectrum for all targets peak near the isovector giant dipole resonance in {sup 28}Si. These distributions are well reproduced by combining the photon spectrum calculated using the Weizsaecker-Williams approximation with the experimental data on the photonuclear {sup 28}Si({sub {gamma},p}){sup 27}Al and {sup 28}Si({sub {gamma},n}){sup 27}Si. The possibilities of observing double giant dipole resonance excitations in {sup 28}Si have been investigated with cross section measurements as well as with excitation energy reconstruction.

  6. Electromagnetic dissociation of relativistic [sup 28]Si by nucleon emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sonnadara, U.J.

    1992-12-01

    A detailed study of the electromagnetic dissociation of [sup 28]Si by nucleon emission at E[sub lab]/A = 14.6 (GeV/nucleon was carried out with [sup 28]Si beams interacting on [sup 208]Pb). [sup 120]Sn. [sup 64]C targets. The measurements apparatus consists of detectors in the target area which measure the energy and charged multiplicity, and a forward spectrometer which measures the position, momentum and energy of the reaction fragments. The exclusive electromagnetic dissociation cross sections for decay channels having multiple nucleons in the final state have been measured which enables the selection of events produced in pure electromagnetic interactions. The measured cross sections agree well with previous measurements obtained for the removal of a few nucleons as well as with measurements on total charge removal cross sections from other experiments. The dependence of the integrated cross sections on the target charge Z[sub T] and the target mass AT confirms that for higher Z targets the excitation is largely electromagnetic. Direct measurements of the excitation energy for the electromagnetic dissociation of [sup 28]Si [yields] p+[sup 27]Al and [sup 28]Si [yields] n+[sup 27]Si have been obtained through a calculation of the invariant mass in kinematically, reconstructed events. The excitation energy spectrum for all targets peak near the isovector giant dipole resonance in [sup 28]Si. These distributions are well reproduced by combining the photon spectrum calculated using the Weizsaecker-Williams approximation with the experimental data on the photonuclear [sup 28]Si([sub [gamma],p])[sup 27]Al and [sup 28]Si([sub [gamma],n])[sup 27]Si. The possibilities of observing double giant dipole resonance excitations in [sup 28]Si have been investigated with cross section measurements as well as with excitation energy reconstruction.

  7. Electromagnetic partner of the gravitational signal during accretion onto black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Carlos Degollado; Victor Gualajara; Claudia Moreno; Darío Núñez

    2014-10-21

    We investigate the generation of electromagnetic and gravitational radiation in the vicinity of a perturbed Schwarzschild black hole. The gravitational perturbations and the electromagnetic field are studied by solving the Teukolsky master equation with sources, which we take to be locally charged, radially infalling, matter. Our results show that, in addition to the gravitational wave generated as the matter falls into the black hole, there is also a burst of electromagnetic radiation. This electromagnetic field has a characteristic set of quasinormal frequencies, and the gravitational radiation has the quasinormal frequencies of a Schwarzschild black hole. This scenario allows us to compare the gravitational and electromagnetic signals that are generated by a common source.

  8. Numerical Regularization of Electromagnetic Quantum Fluctuations in Inhomogeneous Dielectric Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin-itiro Goto; Alison C. Hale; Robin W. Tucker; Timothy J. Walton

    2012-01-05

    Electromagnetic Casimir stresses are of relevance to many technologies based on mesoscopic devices such as MEMS embedded in dielectric media, Casimir induced friction in nano-machinery, micro-fluidics and molecular electronics. Computation of such stresses based on cavity QED generally require numerical analysis based on a regularization process. A new scheme is described that has the potential for wide applicability to systems involving realistic inhomogeneous media. From a knowledge of the spectrum of the stationary modes of the electromagnetic field the scheme is illustrated by estimating numerically the Casimir stress on opposite faces of a pair of perfectly conducting planes separated by a vacuum and the change in this result when the region between the plates is filled with an incompressible inhomogeneous non-dispersive dielectric.

  9. Hermitian structures defined by linear electromagnetic constitutive laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Delphenich

    2007-10-26

    It is demonstrated that when the bundle of 2-forms on a four-dimensional manifold M admits an almost-complex structure any choice of "real + imaginary" subspace decomposition of the bundle defines a conjugation map, as well as a Hermitian structure for the bundle. When the almost-complex structure comes from a linear electromagnetic constitutive law, the real and imaginary parts of the Hermitian structure are then shown to represent the Hamiltonian for an anisotropic three-dimensional electromagnetic oscillator at each point of M and a symplectic structure for each fiber. The complex form of the oscillator equations is also definable in terms of the geometric structures that were introduced.

  10. Geometric and Electromagnetic Aspects of Fusion Pore Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darya Apushkinskaya; Evgeny Apushkinsky; Bernhelm Booss-Bavnbek; Martin Koch

    2010-04-29

    For regulated exocytosis, we model the morphology and dynamics of the making of the fusion pore or porosome as a cup-shaped lipoprotein structure (a dimple or pit) on the cytosol side of the plasma membrane. We describe the forming of the dimple by a free boundary problem. We discuss the various forces acting and analyze the magnetic character of the wandering electromagnetic field wave produced by intracellular spatially distributed pulsating (and well observed) release and binding of calcium ions anteceding the bilayer membrane vesicle fusion of exocytosis. Our approach explains the energy efficiency of the observed dimple forming prior to hemifusion and fusion pore, and the observed flickering in secretion. It provides a frame to relate characteristic time length of exocytosis to the frequency, amplitude and direction of propagation of the underlying electromagnetic field wave.

  11. Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and electric power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, P.R.; Vance, E.F.; Askins, H.W. Jr.

    1984-04-01

    A nuclear detonation at high altitudes produces a transient electromagnetic pulse (EMP) of high-intensity electromagnetic fields. A single high-altitude burst can subject most of the continental United States to a strong EMP. These intense fields induce voltage and current transients in electrical conductors. Surges would be induced by EMP in transmission and distribution circuits and in control and communication elements in electric power systems throughout the national grid. Such widespread disturbances could upset the stability of electrical energy systems and result in massive power failures. The extent and nature of EMP-caused damages are not well known for utility electric power systems. Failures are likely to be associated with insulation damage and failures of low-voltage and solid-state components. It is concluded from a review of past studies that EMP may pose a serious threat to the nation's electrical energy supply.

  12. Performance of prototypes for the ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, J; Badala, A; Baumgart, S; Bellwied, R; Benhabib, L; Bernard, C; Bianchi, N; Blanco, F; Bortoli, Y; Bourdaud, G; Bourrion, O; Boyer, B; Bruna, E; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Calvo Diaz Aldagalan, D; Capitani, G P; Carcagno, Y; Casanova Diaz, A; Cherney, M; Conesa Balbastre, G; Cormier, T M; Cunqueiro Mendez, L; Delagrange, H; Del Franco, M; Dialinas, M; Di Nezza, P; Donoghue, A; Elnimr, M; Enokizono, A; Estienne, M; Faivre, J; Fantoni, A; Fichera, F; Foglio, B; Fresneau, S; Fujita, J; Furget, C; Gadrat, S; Garishvili, I; Germain, M; Giudice, N; Gorbunov, Y; Grimaldi, A; Guardone, N; Guernane, R; Hadjidakis, C; Hamblen, J; Harris, J W; Hasch, D; Heinz, M; Hille, P T; Hornback, D; Ichou, R; Jacobs, P; Jangal, S; Jayananda, K; Klay, J L; Knospe, A G; Kox, S; Kral, J; Laloux, P; LaPointe, S; La Rocca, P; Lewis, S; Li, Q; Librizzi, F; Madagodahettige Don, D; Martashvili, I; Mayes, B; Milletto, T; Muccifora, V; Muller, H; Muraz, J F; Nattrass, C; Noto, F; Novitzky, N; Odyniec, G; Orlandi, A; Palmeri, A; Pappalardo, G S; Pavlinov, A; Pesci, W; Petrov, V; Petta, C; Pichot, P; Pinsky, L; Ploskon, M; Pompei, F; Pulvirenti, A; Putschke, J; Pruneau, C A; Rak, J; Rasson, J; Read, K F; Real, J S; Reolon, A R; Riggi, F; Riso, J; Ronchetti, F; Roy, C; Roy, D; Salemi, M; Salur, S; Sharma, M; Silvermyr, D; Smirnov, N; Soltz, R; Sparti, V; Stutzmann, J.-S; Symons, T J.M; Tarazona Martinez, A; Tarini, L; Thomen, R; Timmins, A; van Leeuwen, M; Vieira, R; Viticchie, A; Voloshin, S; Wang, D; Wang, Y; Ward, R M; 10.1016/j.nima.2009.12.061

    2010-01-01

    The performance of prototypes for the ALICE electromagnetic sampling calorimeter has been studied in test beam measurements at FNAL and CERN. A $4\\times4$ array of final design modules showed an energy resolution of about 11% /$\\sqrt{E(\\mathrm{GeV})}$ $\\oplus$ 1.7 % with a uniformity of the response to electrons of 1% and a good linearity in the energy range from 10 to 100 GeV. The electromagnetic shower position resolution was found to be described by 1.5 mm $\\oplus$ 5.3 mm /$\\sqrt{E \\mathrm{(GeV)}}$. For an electron identification efficiency of 90% a hadron rejection factor of $>600$ was obtained.

  13. Energy harvesting devices for harvesting energy from terahertz electromagnetic radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Novack, Steven D.; Kotter, Dale K.; Pinhero, Patrick J.

    2012-10-09

    Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

  14. Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation detector using micromechanical sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN); Warmack, Robert J. (Knoxville, TN); Wachter, Eric A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2000-01-01

    Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation is detected by micromechanical sensors that can be coated with various interactive materials. As the micromechanical sensors absorb radiation, the sensors bend and/or undergo a shift in resonance characteristics. The bending and resonance changes are detected with high sensitivity by any of several detection methods including optical, capacitive, and piezoresistive methods. Wide bands of the electromagnetic spectrum can be imaged with picoJoule sensitivity, and specific absorptive coatings can be used for selective sensitivity in specific wavelength bands. Microcantilevers coated with optical cross-linking polymers are useful as integrating optical radiation dosimeters. Nuclear radiation dosimetry is possible by fabricating cantilevers from materials that are sensitive to various nuclear particles or radiation. Upon exposure to radiation, the cantilever bends due to stress and its resonance frequency shifts due to changes in elastic properties, based on cantilever shape and properties of the coating.

  15. Structures, systems and methods for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Novack, Steven D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID); Pinhero, Patrick J. (Columbia, MO)

    2011-12-06

    Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

  16. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Resisting Analog Integrated Circuit Design Tutorial 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jingjing

    2012-10-19

    INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2012 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

  17. Gradient instabilities of electromagnetic waves in Hall thruster plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomilin, Dmitry

    2013-04-15

    This paper presents a linear analysis of gradient plasma instabilities in Hall thrusters. The study obtains and analyzes the dispersion equation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves based on the two-fluid model of a cold plasma. The regions of parameters corresponding to unstable high frequency modes are determined and the dependence of the increments and intrinsic frequencies on plasma parameters is obtained. The obtained results agree with those of previously published studies.

  18. Electromagnetic induction moisture measurement system acceptance test plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vargo, G.F., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-01

    The purpose of this acceptance test plan (ATP) is to verify that the mechanical, electrical and software features of the ElectroMagnetic Induction (EMI) probe are operating as designed,and that the unit is ready for field service. The accepted EMI and Surface Moisture Measurement Systems (SMMS) will be used primarily in support of Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Safety Programs for moisture measurement of organic and ferrocyanide watch list tanks.

  19. Electromagnetic Solitons in Degenerate Relativistic Electron-Positron Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berezhiani, V I; Tsintsadze, N L

    2014-01-01

    The existence of soliton-like electromagnetic (EM) distributions in a fully degenerate electron-positron plasma is studied applying relativistic hydrodynamic and Maxwell equations. For circularly polarized wave it is found that the soliton solutions exist both in relativistic as well as nonrelativistic degenerate plasmas. Plasma density in the region of soliton pulse localization is reduced considerably. The possibility of plasma cavitation is also shown.

  20. Nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in Chiral EFT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girlanda, Luca; Marcucci, Laura Elisa; Pastore, Saori; Piarulli, Maria; Schiavilla, Rocco; Viviani, Michele

    2013-08-01

    We describe our method for deriving the nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in chiral perturbation theory, based on time-ordered perturbation theory. We then discuss possible strategies for fixing the relevant low-energy constants, from the magnetic moments of the deuteron and of the trinucleons, and from the radiative np capture cross sections, and identify a scheme which, partly relying on {Delta} resonance saturation, leads to a reasonable pattern of convergence of the chiral expansion.

  1. Device for conversion of electromagnetic radiation into electrical current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blakeslee, A.E.; Mitchell, K.W.

    1980-03-25

    Electromagnetic energy may be converted directly into electrical energy by a device comprising a sandwich of at least two semiconductor portions, each portion having a p-n junction with a characteristic energy gap, and the portions lattice matched to one another by an intervening superlattice structure. This superlattice acts to block propagation into the next deposited portion of those dislocation defects which can form due to lattice mismatch between adjacent portions.

  2. Device for conversion of electromagnetic radiation into electrical current

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blakeslee, A. Eugene (Golden, CO); Mitchell, Kim W. (Indian Hill, CO)

    1981-01-01

    Electromagnetic energy may be converted directly into electrical energy by a device comprising a sandwich of at least two semiconductor portions, each portion having a p-n junction with a characteristic energy gap, and the portions lattice matched to one another by an intervening superlattice structure. This superlattice acts to block propagation into the next deposited portion of those dislocation defects which can form due to lattice mismatch between adjacent portions.

  3. Electromagnetic deuteron form factors in point form relativistic quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. A. Khokhlov

    2015-03-10

    A study of electromagnetic structure of the deuteron in the framework of relativistic quantum mechanics is presented. The deuteron form factors dependencies on the transferred 4-momentum Q are calculated. We compare results obtained with different realistic deuteron wave functions stemming from Nijmegen-I, Nijmegen-II, JISP16, CD-Bonn, Paris and Moscow (with forbidden states) potentials. A nucleon form factor parametrization consistent with modern experimental analysis was used as an input data.

  4. MURI 2001: WE Electromagnetic Effects on Integrated Circuits and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    MURI 2001: µWE 3 Electromagnetic Effects on Integrated Circuits and Systems at Microwave496200110374 #12;MURI 2001: µWE 3 MIL-STD-464 TABLE IA. External EME for systems capable of shipboard.9G-8G 12,650 810 8G-14G 21,270 1,270 14G-18G 21,270 614 18G-40G 5,000 750 #12;MURI 2001: µWE 3 E3

  5. Technical Design Report for PANDA Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PANDA Collaboration; W. Erni; I. Keshelashvili; B. Krusche; M. Steinacher; Y. Heng; Z. Liu; H. Liu; X. Shen; O. Wang; H. Xu; J. Becker; F. Feldbauer; F. -H. Heinsius; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Kopf; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; U. Wiedner; J. Zhong; A. Bianconi; M. Bragadireanu; D. Pantea; A. Tudorache; V. Tudorache; M. De Napoli; F. Giacoppo; G. Raciti; E. Rapisarda; C. Sfienti; E. Bialkowski; A. Budzanowski; B. Czech; M. Kistryn; S. Kliczewski; A. Kozela; P. Kulessa; K. Pysz; W. Schaefer; R. Siudak; A. Szczurek; W. Czy. zycki; M. Domagala; M. Hawryluk; E. Lisowski; F. Lisowski; L. Wojnar; D. Gil; P. Hawranek; B. Kamys; St. Kistryn; K. Korcyl; W. Krzemien; A. Magiera; P. Moskal; Z. Rudy; P. Salabura; J. Smyrski; A. Wronska; M. Al-Turany; I. Augustin; H. Deppe; H. Flemming; J. Gerl; K. Goetzen; R. Hohler; D. Lehmann; B. Lewandowski; J. Luehning; F. Maas; D. Mishra; H. Orth; K. Peters; T. Saito; G. Schepers; C. J. Schmidt; L. Schmitt; C. Schwarz; B. Voss; P. Wieczorek; A. Wilms; K. -T. Brinkmann; H. Freiesleben; R. Jaekel; R. Kliemt; T. Wuerschig; H. -G. Zaunick; V. M. Abazov; G. Alexeev; A. Arefiev; V. I. Astakhov; M. Yu. Barabanov; B. V. Batyunya; Yu. I. Davydov; V. Kh. Dodokhov; A. A. Efremov; A. G. Fedunov; A. A. Feshchenko; A. S. Galoyan; S. Grigoryan; A. Karmokov; E. K. Koshurnikov; V. Ch. Kudaev; V. I. Lobanov; Yu. Yu. Lobanov; A. F. Makarov; L. V. Malinina; V. L. Malyshev; G. A. Mustafaev; A. Olshevski; M. A. . Pasyuk; E. A. Perevalova; A. A. Piskun; T. A. Pocheptsov; G. Pontecorvo; V. K. Rodionov; Yu. N. Rogov; R. A. Salmin; A. G. Samartsev; M. G. Sapozhnikov; A. Shabratova; G. S. Shabratova; A. N. Skachkova; N. B. Skachkov; E. A. Strokovsky; M. K. Suleimanov; R. Sh. Teshev; V. V. Tokmenin; V. V. Uzhinsky; A. S. Vodopianov; S. A. Zaporozhets; N. I. Zhuravlev; A. G. Zorin; D. Branford; K. Foehl; D. Glazier; D. Watts; P. Woods; W. Eyrich; A. Lehmann; A. Teufel; S. Dobbs; Z. Metreveli; K. Seth; B. Tann; A. Tomaradze; D. Bettoni; V. Carassiti; A. Cecchi; P. Dalpiaz; E. Fioravanti; I. Garzia; M. Negrini; M. Savri`e; G. Stancari; B. Dulach; P. Gianotti; C. Guaraldo; V. Lucherini; E. Pace; A. Bersani; M. Macri; M. Marinelli; R. F. Parodi; I. Brodski; W. Doering; P. Drexler; M. Dueren; Z. Gagyi-Palffy; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Kotulla; W. Kuehn; S. Lange; M. Liu; V. Metag; M. Nanova; R. Novotny; C. Salz; J. Schneider; P. Schoenmeier; R. Schubert; S. Spataro; H. Stenzel; C. Strackbein; M. Thiel; U. Thoering; S. Yang; T. Clarkson; E. Cowie; E. Downie; G. Hill; M. Hoek; D. Ireland; R. Kaiser; T. Keri; I. Lehmann; K. Livingston; S. Lumsden; D. MacGregor; B. McKinnon; M. Murray; D. Protopopescu; G. Rosner; B. Seitz; G. Yang; M. Babai; A. K. Biegun; A. Bubak; E. Guliyev; V. S. Jothi; M. Kavatsyuk; H. Loehner; J. Messchendorp; H. Smit; J. C. van der Weele; F. Garcia; D. -O. Riska; M. Buescher; R. Dosdall; R. Dzhygadlo; A. Gillitzer; D. Grunwald; V. Jha; G. Kemmerling; H. Kleines; A. Lehrach; R. Maier; M. Mertens; H. Ohm; D. Prasuhn; T. Randriamalala; J. Ritman; M. Roeder; T. Stockmanns; P. Wintz; P. Wuestner; J. Kisiel; S. Li; Z. Li; Z. Sun; H. Xu; S. Fissum; K. Hansen; L. Isaksson; M. Lundin; B. Schroeder; P. Achenbach; M. C. Mora Espi; J. Pochodzalla; S. Sanchez; A. Sanchez-Lorente; V. I. Dormenev; A. A. Fedorov; M. V. Korzhik; O. V. Missevitch; V. Balanutsa; V. Chernetsky; A. Demekhin; A. Dolgolenko; P. Fedorets; A. Gerasimov; V. Goryachev; A. Boukharov; O. Malyshev; I. Marishev; A. Semenov; C. Hoeppner; B. Ketzer; I. Konorov; A. Mann; S. Neubert; S. Paul; Q. Weitzel; A. Khoukaz; T. Rausmann; A. Taeschner; J. Wessels; R. Varma; E. Baldin; K. Kotov; S. Peleganchuk; Yu. Tikhonov; J. Boucher; T. Hennino; R. Kunne; S. Ong; J. Pouthas; B. Ramstein; P. Rosier; M. Sudol; J. Van de Wiele; T. Zerguerras; K. Dmowski; R. Korzeniewski; D. Przemyslaw; B. Slowinski; G. Boca; A. Braghieri; S. Costanza; A. Fontana; P. Genova; L. Lavezzi; P. Montagna; A. Rotondi; N. I. Belikov; A. M. Davidenko; A. A. Derevschikov; Y. M. Goncharenko; V. N. Grishin; V. A. Kachanov; D. A. Konstantinov; V. A. Kormilitsin; V. I. Kravtsov; Y. A. Matulenko; Y. M. Melnik; A. P. Meschanin; N. G. Minaev; V. V. Mochalov; D. A. Morozov; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; A. V. Ryazantsev; P. A. Semenov; L. F. Soloviev; A. V. Uzunian; A. N. Vasiliev; A. E. Yakutin; T. Baeck; B. Cederwall; C. Bargholtz; L. Geren; P. E. Tegner; S. Belostotski; G. Gavrilov; A. Itzotov; A. Kisselev; P. Kravchenko; S. Manaenkov; O. Miklukho; Y. Naryshkin; D. Veretennikov; V. Vikhrov; A. Zhadanov; L. Fava; D. Panzieri; D. Alberto; A. Amoroso; E. Botta; T. Bressani; S. Bufalino; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; F. De Mori; M. Destefanis; L. Ferrero; A. Grasso; M. Greco; T. Kugathasan; M. Maggiora; S. Marcello; G. Serbanut; S. Sosio; R. Bertini; D. Calvo; S. Coli; P. De Remigis; A. Feliciello; A. Filippi; G. Giraudo; G. Mazza; A. Rivetti

    2008-10-07

    This document presents the technical layout and the envisaged performance of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) for the PANDA target spectrometer. The EMC has been designed to meet the physics goals of the PANDA experiment, which is being developed for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt, Germany. The performance figures are based on extensive prototype tests and radiation hardness studies. The document shows that the EMC is ready for construction up to the front-end electronics interface.

  6. CRC handbook of biological effects of electromagnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polk, C.; Postow, E.

    1986-01-01

    This book presents the current knowledge about the effects of electromagnetic fields on living matter. The three-part format covers dielectric permittivity and electrical conductivity of biological materials; effects of direct current and low frequency fields; and effects of radio frequency (including microwave) fields. The parts are designed to be consulted independently or in sequence, depending upon the needs of the reader. Useful appendixes on measurement units and safety standards are also included.

  7. Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad F. Maghrebi; Noah Graham

    2011-02-08

    Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.

  8. Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maghrebi, Mohammad F

    2011-01-01

    Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.

  9. Ultraslow Propagation of Squeezed Vacuum Pulses with Electromagnetically Induced Transparency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daisuke Akamatsu; Yoshihiko Yokoi; Manabu Arikawa; Satoshi Nagatsuka; Takahito Tanimura; Akira Furusawa; Mikio Kozuma

    2008-01-27

    We have succeeded in observing ultraslow propagation of squeezed vacuum pulses with electromagnetically induced transparency. Squeezed vacuum pulses (probe lights) were incident on a laser cooled 87Rb gas together with an intense coherent light (control light). A homodyne method sensitive to the vacuum state was employed for detecting the probe pulse passing through the gas. A delay of 3.1us was observed for the probe pulse having a temporal width of 10 us.

  10. Electromagnetic Wavelets as Hertzian Pulsed Beams in Complex Spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerald Kaiser

    2002-09-12

    Electromagnetic wavelets are a family of 3x3 matrix fields W_z(x') parameterized by complex spacetime points z=x+iy with y timelike. They are translates of a \\sl basic \\rm wavelet W(z) holomorphic in the future-oriented union T of the forward and backward tubes. Applied to a complex polarization vector p (representing electric and magnetic dipole moments), W(z) gives an anti-selfdual solution W(z)p of Maxwell's equations derived from a selfdual Hertz potential Z(z)=-iS(z)p, where S is the \\sl Synge function \\rm acting as a Whittaker-like scalar Hertz potential. Resolutions of unity exist giving representations of sourceless electromagnetic fields as superpositions of wavelets. With the choice of a branch cut, S(z) splits into a difference of retarded and advanced \\sl pulsed beams \\rm whose limits as y\\to 0 give the propagators of the wave equation. This yields a similar splitting of the wavelets and leads to their complete physical interpretation as EM pulsed beams absorbed and emitted by a \\sl disk source \\rm D(y) representing the branch cut. The choice of y determines the beam's orientation, collimation and duration, giving beams as sharp and pulses as short as desired. The sources are computed as spacetime distributions of electric and magnetic dipoles supported on D(y). The wavelet representation of sourceless electromagnetic fields now splits into representations with advanced and retarded sources. These representations are the electromagnetic counterpart of relativistic coherent-state representations previously derived for massive Klein-Gordon and Dirac particles.

  11. Three dimensional electromagnetic wavepackets in a plasma: Spatiotemporal modulational instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borhanian, J.; Hosseini Faradonbe, F.

    2014-04-15

    The nonlinear interaction of an intense electromagnetic beam with relativistic collisionless unmagnetized plasma is investigated by invoking the reductive perturbation technique, resting on the model of three-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation with cubic nonlinearity which incorporates the effects of self-focusing, self-phase modulation, and diffraction on wave propagation. Relying on the derived NLS equation, the occurrence of spatiotemporal modulational instability is investigated in detail.

  12. Plasma confinement by circularly polarized electromagnetic field in toroidal geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svidzinski, Vladimir A. [University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); and Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2007-10-15

    A novel plasma confinement concept based on plasma confinement by electromagnetic pressure of circularly polarized electromagnetic fields is proposed. Practical implementation of this concept in a toroidal device is suggested. In this concept the confining field frequency is in the lower range such that the size of the device is much smaller than the vacuum wavelength. Most of the previous radio-frequency (rf) confinement concepts of unmagnetized plasma were related to confinement in rf cavities which operated at high frequency for which the size of the cavity is comparable to the wavelength. Operation at lower frequencies simplifies rf design, reduces Ohmic losses in the conducting walls and probably makes application of superconductors for wall materials more feasible. It is demonstrated that circular (or nearly circular) polarization of the electromagnetic field is required for confinement from both the equilibrium and stability considerations. Numerical analysis of plasma confinement for magnetohydrodynamic plasma model in two-dimensional toroidal geometry is performed. Within this model plasma is confined by the applied rf fields and its equilibrium is stable. Technically feasible compact and medium size toroidal plasma confinement devices based on this concept are proposed. Application of this approach to the fusion reactor requires use of superconducting materials for the toroidal shell to reduce the Ohmic losses. Further theoretical and experimental studies are required for a more reliable conclusion about the attractiveness of this plasma confinement concept.

  13. Breit-Wheeler process in very short electromagnetic pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. I. Titov; B. Kampfer; H. Takabe; A. Hosaka

    2013-03-26

    The generalized Breit-Wheeler process, i.e. the emission of $e^+e^-$ pairs off a probe photon propagating through a polarized short-pulsed electromagnetic (e.g.\\ laser) wave field, is analyzed. We show that the production probability is determined by the interplay of two dynamical effects. The first one is related to the shape and duration of the pulse and the second one is the non-linear dynamics of the interaction of $e^\\pm$ with the strong electromagnetic field. The first effect manifests itself most clearly in the weak-field regime, where the small field intensity is compensated by the rapid variation of the electromagnetic field in a limited space-time region, which intensifies the few-photon events and can enhance the production probability by orders of magnitude compared to an infinitely long pulse. Therefore, short pulses may be considered as a powerful amplifier. The non-linear dynamics in the multi-photon Breit-Wheeler regime plays a decisive role at large field intensities, where effects of the pulse shape and duration are less important. In the transition regime, both effects must be taken into account simultaneously. We provide suitable expressions for the $e^+e^-$ production probability for kinematic regions which can be used in transport codes.

  14. Properties of electrons scattered on a strong plane electromagnetic wave with a linear polarization: classical treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogdanov, O V

    2014-01-01

    The relations among the components of the exit momenta of ultrarelativistic electrons scattered on a strong electromagnetic wave of a low (optical) frequency and linear polarization are established using the exact solutions to the equations of motion with radiation reaction included (the Landau-Lifshitz equation). It is found that the momentum components of the electrons traversed the electromagnetic wave depend weakly on the initial values of the momenta. These electrons are mostly scattered at the small angles to the direction of propagation of the electromagnetic wave. The maximum Lorentz factor of the electrons crossed the electromagnetic wave is proportional to the work done by the electromagnetic field and is independent of the initial momenta. The momentum component parallel to the electric field strength vector of the electromagnetic wave is determined only by the diameter of the laser beam measured in the units of the classical electron radius. As for the reflected electrons, they for the most part l...

  15. Status of the MILC calculation of electromagnetic contributions to pseudoscalar masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Basak; A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. DeTar; E. Freeland; W. Freeman; J. Foley; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. E. Hetrick; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; M. Oktay; J. Osborn; R. L. Sugar; A. Torok; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water; R. Zhou

    2012-12-12

    We calculate pseudoscalar masses on gauge configurations containing the effects of 2+1 flavors of dynamical asqtad quarks and quenched electromagnetism. The lattice spacings vary from 0.12 to 0.06 fm. The masses are fit with staggered chiral perturbation theory including NLO electromagnetic terms. We attempt to extract the fit parameters for the electromagnetic contributions, while taking into account the finite volume effects, and extrapolate them to the physical limit.

  16. Electromagnetic structure of the proton within the CP-violation hypothesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krutov, A. F. Kudinov, M. Yu.

    2013-11-15

    The so-called non-Rosenbluth behavior of the proton electromagnetic form factors can be explained within the hypothesis of CP violation in electromagnetic processes involving composite systems of strongly interacting particles. It is shown that this hypothesis leads to the appearance of an additional, anapole, form factor of the proton. The proton electromagnetic form factors, including the anapole form factor, are estimated on the basis of experimental data on elastic electron-proton scattering.

  17. Electromagnetic Structure Functions of Nucleons in the Region of Very Small X

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Bugaev; B. V. Mangazeev

    2011-02-12

    A two component model describing the electromagnetic nucleon structure functions in the low-x region, based on generalized vector dominance and color dipole approaches is briefly described.

  18. arXiv:physics/0508124v2[physics.class-ph]2Jan2006 DOI:10.1063/1.2162107 Covariant Irreducible Parametrization of Electromagnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    intrinsic spin of the electromagnetic field. I. INTRODUCTION The electromagnetic field in Maxwells theory The fundamental physical object describing the electromagnetic field is the electromagnetic field tensor fµ which Parametrization of Electromagnetic Fields in Arbitrary Spacetime David Sundkvist Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie

  19. Plane-Wave Propagation in Electromagnetic PQ Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Ismo V

    2015-01-01

    Two basic classes of electromagnetic media, recently defined and labeled as those of P media and Q media, are generalized to define the class of PQ media. Plane wave propagation in the general PQ medium is studied and the quartic dispersion equation is derived in analytic form applying four-dimensional dyadic formalism. The result is verified by considering various special cases of PQ media for which the dispersion equation is known to decompose to two quadratic equations or be identically satisfied (media with no dispersion equation). As a numerical example, the dispersion surface of a PQ medium with non-decomposable dispersion equation is considered.

  20. Quantum metamaterials: Electromagnetic waves in a Josephson qubit line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Rakhmanov; A. M. Zagoskin; Sergey Savel'ev; Franco Nori

    2007-12-19

    We consider the propagation of a classical electromagnetic wave through a transmission line, formed by identical superconducting charge qubits inside a superconducting resonator. Since the qubits can be in a coherent superposition of quantum states, we show that such a system demonstrates interesting new effects, such as a ``breathing'' photonic crystal with an oscillating bandgap, and a ``quantum Archimedean screw'' that transports, at an arbitrary controlled velocity, Josephson plasma waves through the transmission line. The key ingredient of these effects is that the optical properties of the Josephson transmission line are controlled by the quantum coherent state of the qubits.

  1. Charge quantisation without magnetic poles: a topological approach to electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero Solha

    2015-09-28

    The present work provides a theoretical explanation for the quantisation of electric charges, an open problem since Millikan's oil drop experiment in 1909. This explanation is based solely on Maxwell's theory, it recasts Electromagnetic theory under the language of complex line bundles; therefore, neither magnetic poles nor quantum mechanics are invoked. The existence of magnetic poles was essentially the only theoretical explanation for charge quantisation (e.g. Dirac's magnetic pole), and there is no experimental data supporting their existence ---on the contrary, they have never been observed.

  2. Nucleon electromagnetic form factors from twisted mass lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou Abdel-Rehim; Constantia Alexandrou; Martha Constantinou; Kyriakos Hadjiyiannakou; Karl Jansen; Giannis Koutsou

    2015-01-07

    Results on the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon using twisted mass fermion configurations are presented. These include a gauge field ensemble simulated with two degenerate light quarks yielding a pion mass of around 130 MeV, as well as two ensembles that include strange and charm quarks in the sea yielding pion masses of 210 MeV and 373 MeV. Details of the methods used and systematic errors are discussed, such as noise reduction techniques and the effect of excited states contamination.

  3. Detection of electromagnetic radiation using micromechanical multiple quantum wells structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Datskos, Panagiotis G [Knoxville, TN; Rajic, Slobodan [Knoxville, TN; Datskou, Irene [Knoxville, TN

    2007-07-17

    An apparatus and method for detecting electromagnetic radiation employs a deflectable micromechanical apparatus incorporating multiple quantum wells structures. When photons strike the quantum-well structure, physical stresses are created within the sensor, similar to a "bimetallic effect." The stresses cause the sensor to bend. The extent of deflection of the sensor can be measured through any of a variety of conventional means to provide a measurement of the photons striking the sensor. A large number of such sensors can be arranged in a two-dimensional array to provide imaging capability.

  4. Modified definition of group velocity and electromagnetic energy conservation equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changbiao Wang

    2015-05-11

    The classical definition of group velocity has two flaws: (a) the group velocity can be greater than the phase velocity and break Fermat's principle in a non-dispersive, lossless, non-conducting, anisotropic uniform medium; (b) the definition is not consistent with the principle of relativity for a plane wave in a moving isotropic uniform medium. To remove the flaws, a modified definition is proposed. A criterion is set up to identify the justification of group velocity definition. A "superluminal power flow" is constructed to show that the electromagnetic energy conservation equation cannot uniquely define the power flow if the principle of Fermat is not taken into account.

  5. Charge quantisation without magnetic poles: a topological approach to electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero Solha

    2015-08-08

    The present work provides a theoretical explanation for the quantisation of electric charges, an open problem since Millikan's oil drop experiment in 1909. This explanation is based solely on Maxwell's theory, it recasts Electromagnetic theory under the language of complex line bundles; therefore, neither magnetic poles nor quantum mechanics are invoked. The existence of magnetic poles was essentially the only theoretical explanation for charge quantisation (e.g. Dirac's magnetic pole), and there is no experimental data supporting their existence ---on the contrary, they have never been observed.

  6. Photon propagation in slowly varying inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felix Karbstein; Rashid Shaisultanov

    2015-04-23

    Starting from the Heisenberg-Euler effective Lagrangian, we determine the photon current and photon polarization tensor in inhomogeneous, slowly varying electromagnetic fields. To this end, we consider background field configurations varying in both space and time, paying special attention to the tensor structure. As a main result, we obtain compact analytical expressions for the photon polarization tensor in realistic Gaussian laser pulses, as generated in the focal spots of high-intensity lasers. These expressions are of utmost importance for the investigation of quantum vacuum nonlinearities in realistic high-intensity laser experiments.

  7. Photon propagation in slowly varying inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karbstein, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Starting from the Heisenberg-Euler effective Lagrangian, we determine the photon current and photon polarization tensor in inhomogeneous, slowly varying electromagnetic fields. To this end, we consider background field configurations varying in both space and time, paying special attention to the tensor structure. As a main result, we obtain compact analytical expressions for the photon polarization tensor in realistic Gaussian laser pulses, as generated in the focal spots of high-intensity lasers. These expressions are of utmost importance for the investigation of quantum vacuum nonlinearities in realistic high-intensity laser experiments.

  8. Electromagnetic pulses which have a zero momentum frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Lekner

    2003-04-08

    One set of the Ziolkowski family of exact solutions of the wave equation are shown to represent pulses propagating with momentum smaller than energy/c. This is explicitly demonstrated for special cases by calculating the total electromagnetic momentum and energy. Since the ratio of momentum to energy is a constant smaller than 1/c, there exists a Lorentz transformation to a frame in which the total momentum is zero. In the zero-momentum frame the fields are those of an annular pulse converging onto or diverging from a focal region.

  9. Matched Slow Pulses Using Double Electromagnetically Induced Transparency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew MacRae; Geoff Campbell; A. I. Lvovsky

    2008-09-29

    We implement double electromagnetically-induced transparency (double EIT) in rubidium vapor, using a tripod-shaped energy level scheme consisting of hyperfine and magnetic sublevels of the 5S1/2 to 5P1/2 transition. We show experimentally that through the use of double EIT one can control the contrast of transparency windows as well as group velocities of the two signal fields. In particular, the group velocities can be equalized, which holds promise to greatly enhance nonlinear optical interaction between these fields.

  10. Scattering of an ultrashort electromagnetic pulse in a plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Astapenko, V. A. [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)

    2011-11-15

    An analytic approach is developed to describing how ultrashort electromagnetic pulses with a duration of one period or less at the carrier frequency are scattered in a plasma. Formulas are derived to calculate and analyze the angular and spectral probabilities of radiation scattering via two possible mechanisms-Compton and transition radiation channels-throughout the entire pulse. Numerical simulations were carried out for a Gaussian pulse. The effect of the phase of the carrier frequency relative to the pulse envelope on the scattering parameters is investigated.

  11. Load flow studies in the presence of magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruse, V.J.; Rackliffe, G.B. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Advanced Systems Technology Div.); Barnes, P.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-04-01

    Seconds after a high-altitude nuclear event, the earth's surface experiences a very low-frequency, quasi-DC magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic field (MHD-EMP). MHD-EMP fields impress quasi-DC currents on transmission and sub-transmission lines. These current magnitudes can exceed several times the transformer exciting current levels. Transformers and shunt reactors experience severe half-cycle saturation resulting in harmonics and increased VAR demand. This paper reviews the calculation of the quasi-dc currents, discusses the calculation of the increased var demand, and evaluates the effect of a simulated MHD-EMP event on a power system with stability and load flow analyses.

  12. Electromagnetically induced transparency in mechanical effects of light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, G. S.; Huang, Sumei [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

    2010-04-15

    We consider the dynamical behavior of a nanomechanical mirror in a high-quality cavity under the action of a coupling laser and a probe laser. We demonstrate the existence of the analog of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in the output field at the probe frequency. Our calculations show explicitly the origin of EIT-like dips as well as the characteristic changes in dispersion from anomalous to normal in the range where EIT dips occur. Remarkably the pump-probe response for the optomechanical system shares all the features of the {Lambda} system as discovered by Harris and collaborators.

  13. Electromagnetically induced transparency with quantized fields in optocavity mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

    2011-04-15

    We report electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) using quantized fields in optomechanical systems. The weak probe field is a narrowband squeezed field. We present a homodyne detection of EIT in the output quantum field. We find that the EIT dip exists even though the photon number in the squeezed vacuum is at the single-photon level. The EIT with quantized fields can be seen even at temperatures on the order of 100 mK, thus paving the way for using optomechanical systems as memory elements.

  14. Electromagnetically induced absorption in metastable 83Kr atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kale, Y B; Mishra, S R; Singh, S; Rawat, H S

    2015-01-01

    We report electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) resonances of sub-natural linewidth (FWHM) in metastable noble gas 83Kr* atoms using degenerate two level schemes (DTLSs). This is the first observation of EIA effect in a metastable noble gas atoms. Using these spectrally narrow EIA signals obtained corresponding to the closed hyperfine transition from 4p55s[3/2]2 to 4p55p[5/2]3 hyperfine manifolds of 83Kr* atoms, we have measured the Lande's g-factor (gF) for the lower level (F = 13/2) of the closed transition accurately with small applied magnetic fields of few Gauss.

  15. Unification of Gravity and Electromagnetism I: Mach's Principle and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partha Ghose

    2015-02-12

    The phenomenological consequences of unification of Einstein gravity and electromagnetism in an early phase of a Machian universe with a very small and uniform electrical charge density $\\rho_q$ are explored. A form of the Strong Equivalence Principle for unified electrogravity is first formulated, and it immediately leads to (i) the empirical Schuster-Blackett law relating the magnetic moments and angular momenta of neutral astronomical bodies, (ii) an analogous relation between the linear acceleration of neutral massive bodies and associated electric fields, (iii) gravitational lensing in excess of Einstein gravity, and, with the additional assumption of scaling, to (iv) the Wesson relation between the angular momentum and the square of the mass of astronomical bodies. Incorporation of Sciama's version of Mach's principle leads to a new post-Newtonian dynamics (in the weak field limit of gravity alone without electromagnetism) that predicts flat rotation curves of galaxies without the need of dark matter haloes. Finally, it is shown that the unified theory with a broken symmetry predicts a flat expanding universe with a cosmological term intimately related to electrogravity unification, and can explain WMAP data with a single free parameter. WMAP data require $\\rho_q =6.1\\times 10^{-43}$ C/cc which is too small to be detected at

  16. Electromagnetic confinement for vertical casting or containing molten metal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

    1991-01-01

    An apparatus and method adapted to confine a molten metal to a region by means of an alternating electromagnetic field. As adapted for use in the present invention, the alternating electromagnetic field given by B.sub.y =(2.mu..sub.o .rho.gy).sup.1/2 (where B.sub.y is the vertical component of the magnetic field generated by the magnet at the boundary of the region; y is the distance measured downward form the top of the region, .rho. is the metal density, g is the acceleration of gravity and .mu..sub.o is the permeability of free space) induces eddy currents in the molten metal which interact with the magnetic field to retain the molten metal with a vertical boudnary. As applied to an apparatus for the continuous casting of metal sheets or rods, metal in liquid form can be continuously introduced into the region defined by the magnetic field, solidified and conveyed away from the magnetic field in solid form in a continuous process.

  17. Image Appraisal for 2D and 3D Electromagnetic Inversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alumbaugh, D.L.; Newman, G.A.

    1999-01-28

    Linearized methods are presented for appraising image resolution and parameter accuracy in images generated with two and three dimensional non-linear electromagnetic inversion schemes. When direct matrix inversion is employed, the model resolution and posterior model covariance matrices can be directly calculated. A method to examine how the horizontal and vertical resolution varies spatially within the electromagnetic property image is developed by examining the columns of the model resolution matrix. Plotting the square root of the diagonal of the model covariance matrix yields an estimate of how errors in the inversion process such as data noise and incorrect a priori assumptions about the imaged model map into parameter error. This type of image is shown to be useful in analyzing spatial variations in the image sensitivity to the data. A method is analyzed for statistically estimating the model covariance matrix when the conjugate gradient method is employed rather than a direct inversion technique (for example in 3D inversion). A method for calculating individual columns of the model resolution matrix using the conjugate gradient method is also developed. Examples of the image analysis techniques are provided on 2D and 3D synthetic cross well EM data sets, as well as a field data set collected at the Lost Hills Oil Field in Central California.

  18. Cosmological magnetic fields from inflation in extended electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2011-01-10

    In this work we consider an extended electromagnetic theory in which the scalar state which is usually eliminated by means of the Lorenz condition is allowed to propagate. This state has been shown to generate a small cosmological constant in the context of standard inflationary cosmology. Here we show that the usual Lorenz gauge-breaking term now plays the role of an effective electromagnetic current. Such a current is generated during inflation from quantum fluctuations and gives rise to a stochastic effective charge density distribution. Due to the high electric conductivity of the cosmic plasma after inflation, the electric charge density generates currents which give rise to both vorticity and magnetic fields on sub-Hubble scales. Present upper limits on vorticity coming from temperature anisotropies of the CMB are translated into lower limits on the present value of cosmic magnetic fields. We find that, for a nearly scale invariant vorticity spectrum, magnetic fields $B_{\\lambda}> 10^{-12}$ G are typically generated with coherence lengths ranging from sub-galactic scales up to the present Hubble radius. Those fields could act as seeds for a galactic dynamo or even account for observations just by collapse and differential rotation of the protogalactic cloud.

  19. Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clovis Jacinto de Matos

    2009-08-06

    In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

  20. Coherent Radio Pulses From GEANT Generated Electromagnetic Showers In Ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebur Razzaque; Surujhdeo Seunarine; David Z. Besson; Douglas W. McKay; John P. Ralston; David Seckel

    2002-02-25

    Radio Cherenkov radiation is arguably the most efficient mechanism for detecting showers from ultra-high energy particles of 1 PeV and above. Showers occuring in Antarctic ice should be detectable at distances up to 1 km. We report on electromagnetic shower development in ice using a GEANT Monte Carlo simulation. We have studied energy deposition by shower particles and determined shower parameters for several different media, finding agreement with published results where available. We also report on radio pulse emission from the charged particles in the shower, focusing on coherent emission at the Cherenkov angle. Previous work has focused on frequencies in the 100 MHz to 1 GHz range. Surprisingly, we find that the coherence regime extends up to tens of Ghz. This may have substantial impact on future radio-based neutrino detection experiments as well as any test beam experiment which seeks to measure coherent Cherenkov radiation from an electromagnetic shower. Our study is particularly important for the RICE experiment at the South Pole.

  1. Determination of electromagnetic medium from the Fresnel surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matias F. Dahl

    2011-03-16

    We study Maxwell's equations on a 4-manifold where the electromagnetic medium is described by an antisymmetric $2\\choose 2$-tensor $\\kappa$. In this setting, the Tamm-Rubilar tensor density determines a polynomial surface of fourth order in each cotangent space. This surface is called the Fresnel surface and acts as a generalisation of the light-cone determined by a Lorentz metric; the Fresnel surface parameterises electromagnetic wave-speed as a function of direction. Favaro and Bergamin have recently proven that if $\\kappa$ has only a principal part and if the Fresnel surface of $\\kappa$ coincides with the light cone for a Lorentz metric $g$, then $\\kappa$ is proportional to the Hodge star operator of $g$. That is, under additional assumptions, the Fresnel surface of $\\kappa$ determines the conformal class of $\\kappa$. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we provide a new proof of this result using Gr\\"obner bases. Second, we describe a number of cases where the Fresnel surface does not determine the conformal class of the original $2\\choose 2$-tensor $\\kappa$. For example, if $\\kappa$ is invertible we show that $\\kappa$ and $\\kappa^{-1}$ have the same Fresnel surfaces.

  2. Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic High Frequency Axisymmetric Cavity Scars.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warne, Larry K.; Jorgenson, Roy E.

    2014-10-01

    This report examines the localization of high frequency electromagnetic fi elds in three-dimensional axisymmetric cavities along periodic paths between opposing sides of the cavity. The cases where these orbits lead to unstable localized modes are known as scars. This report treats both the case where the opposing sides, or mirrors, are convex, where there are no interior foci, and the case where they are concave, leading to interior foci. The scalar problem is treated fi rst but the approximations required to treat the vector fi eld components are also examined. Particular att ention is focused on the normalization through the electromagnetic energy theorem. Both projections of the fi eld along the scarred orbit as well as point statistics are examined. Statistical comparisons are m ade with a numerical calculation of the scars run with an axisymmetric simulation. This axisymmetric cas eformstheoppositeextreme(wherethetwomirror radii at each end of the ray orbit are equal) from the two -dimensional solution examined previously (where one mirror radius is vastly di ff erent from the other). The enhancement of the fi eldontheorbitaxiscanbe larger here than in the two-dimensional case. Intentionally Left Blank

  3. Design and fabrication of highly efficient electrooptic modulators using bragg grating reflectors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ryoung-Han

    2006-04-12

    crystal if the light is incident along the optic z-axis. D. Electrooptic Effect The propagation of an electro-magnetic wave inside a medium is determined by the refractive index of the medium. The electrooptic effect is the change of refractive...

  4. Optical storage with electromagnetically induced transparency in a dense cold atomic ensemble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Shengwang

    Optical storage with electromagnetically induced transparency in a dense cold atomic ensemble storage with electromagnetically induced transparency in a dense cold 85 Rb atomic ensemble. By varying the optical depth (OD) from 0 to 140, we observe that the optimal storage effi- ciency has a saturation value

  5. Dr. S. Cruz-Pol, INEL 4152-Electromagnetics Electrical Engineering, UPRM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz-Pol, Sandra L.

    was born! · This is the principle of motors, hydro-electric generators and transformers operation. CruzDr. S. Cruz-Pol, INEL 4152-Electromagnetics Electrical Engineering, UPRM 1 Electromagnetism Polariza4on · Applica4ons and Concepts Electricity => Magnetism ØIn 1820 Oersted discovered

  6. Interactions between Electromagnetic Fields and Biological Tissues: Questions, Some Answers and Future Trends.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poignard, Clair

    , the governments have imposed some limitations to the authorized radiated fields by the power systems. It has been a more acceptable limit to these radiated fields. On the other hand, electromagnetic fields are used is obtained by submitting locally the patient to a radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field. The focalization

  7. Investigating the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Douglas W.

    Investigating the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination Sean E simulations we investigate the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination. Data. For dipole model based discrimination algorithms, success is contingent upon the accuracy with which

  8. Design and Operation of a Fast Electromagnetic Inductive Massive Gas Injection Valve for NSTX-Ua)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Design and Operation of a Fast Electromagnetic Inductive Massive Gas Injection Valve for NSTX-Ua) R the operation of an electromagnetic valve, that does not incorporate ferromagnetic materials, are presented baratron gauge. The valve injects over 200 Torr.L of nitrogen in less than 3 ms, which remains unchanged

  9. Future Measurements of the Nucleon Elastic Electromagnetic Form Factors at Jefferson Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Future Measurements of the Nucleon Elastic Electromagnetic Form Factors at Jefferson Lab G.P.Gilfoyle Future Form Factor Measurements ­ p. 1/3 #12;Scientific Motivation Nucleon elastic electromagnetic form violation experiments. G.P.Gilfoyle Future Form Factor Measurements ­ p. 2/3 #12;Scientific Motivation

  10. Guiding, bending, and splitting of electromagnetic waves in highly confined photonic crystal waveguides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , they have not reported any optical measurements on this sharp-bend structure.16 In this paper, weGuiding, bending, and splitting of electromagnetic waves in highly confined photonic crystal experimentally demonstrated the guiding, bending, and splitting of electromagnetic EM waves in highly confined

  11. IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract Giza, Egypt , September 18-24, 2010 20th IAGA WG 1.2 Workshop on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 1 of 4 Giza, Egypt, September 18-24, 201 Southern Africa Lithosphere: Comparison of Seismic and Electrical Parameters Alan G

  12. IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract Giza, Egypt , September 18-24, 2010 20th IAGA WG 1.2 Workshop on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 1 of 1 Giza, Egypt the regional-scale electrical conductivity substructure of southern Africa and to infer from it the tectonic

  13. IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract Giza, Egypt , September 18-24, 2010 20th IAGA WG 1.2 Workshop on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 1 of 4 Giza, Egypt, September 18-24, 201 First deep electrical resistivity structure of the southern Congo craton David Khoza

  14. IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract Giza, Egypt , September 18-24, 2010 20th IAGA WG 1.2 Workshop on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth Giza, Egypt to study the electrical properties of this suture zone to lithospheric depths. Broadband and long period

  15. IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 20th Workshop Abstract Giza, Egypt , September 18-24, 2010 20th IAGA WG 1.2 Workshop on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth 1 of 1 Giza, Egypt. In this work, we invert MT data (sensitive to electrical resistivity) in both one-dimensional (1D) and two

  16. Contactless Sensing of Appliance State Transitions Through Variations in Electromagnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Anthony

    as to track the associated energy consumption. Our EMF sensors are able to detect significant power state, we present a contactless electromagnetic field (EMF) sensor that can detect appliance power consump transitions. In this paper, we present an inexpensive contactless electromagnetic field (EMF) event

  17. Electromagnetics-Related Aspects of Signaling and Signal Processing for UWB Short Range Radios*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    Electromagnetics-Related Aspects of Signaling and Signal Processing for UWB Short Range Radios* A in electromagnetic-related aspects of UWB signaling schemas and signal processing. First, pulse shaping is developed in both the transmitter and receiver, and signal processing at the receiver end. To create efficient

  18. Reduced Order Computational Methods for Electromagnetic Material Interrogation Using Pulsed Signals and Conductive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reduced Order Computational Methods for Electromagnetic Material Interrogation Using Pulsed Signals consider the interrogation by means of a pulsed planar electromagnetic wave of a dielectric slab properties by means of a non-invasive probes such as low energy electromag- netic pulses is desirable

  19. TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS H. T medium by a non­harmonic microwave pulse from an antenna source in free space, and we compute of the electromagnetic interrogation problems introduced in [3]. Here we use perfectly matched layers (PMLs) as absorbing

  20. One dimensional electromagnetic relativistic PIC-hydrodynamic hybrid simulation code H-VLPL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimm, Volker

    One dimensional electromagnetic relativistic PIC-hydrodynamic hybrid simulation code H-VLPL (Hybrid full electromagnetic relativistic hybrid plasma model. The full kinetic particle-in cell (PIC, there is a demand to simulate high density plasmas, e.g., in the experiments where the laser pulse interacts

  1. TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS H. T medium by a non-harmonic microwave pulse from an antenna source in free space, and we compute-dimensional version of the electromagnetic interrogation problems introduced in [3]. Here we use perfectly matched

  2. Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun Edvardas Narevicius,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun, using a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils. A series of coils is fired in a timed sequence to bring in some experiments by interactions with pulsed electric fields Stark decelerator 4­6 , by inter- actions

  3. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Interferometric electromagnetic Green's functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Interferometric electromagnetic of a direct pulse-echo ex- periment in a three-dimensional configuration. The con- dition-dimensional media. Wave propagation invariants have been used in acoustic, elastic and electromagnetic wave

  4. APS/123-QED Solitary Electromagnetic Pulses Detected with Super-Alfvenic flows in Earth's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    APS/123-QED Solitary Electromagnetic Pulses Detected with Super-Alfv´enic flows in Earth) Solitary nonlinear (B/B 1) electromagnetic pulses have been detected in Earth's geomagnetic tail accompanying plasmas flowing at super-Alfv´enic speeds. The pulses in the current sheet had durations of 5 s

  5. Combined Use of Magnetic and Electrically Conductive Fillers in a Polymer Matrix for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding JUNHUA WU1,2 and D.D.L. CHUNG1,3 1.--Composite Materials Research for electromagnetic interference shielding than the use of a highly magnetic filler alone or the use of a highly electrical resistivity below 10 X cm, as provided by conductive fillers, which contribute to shielding

  6. Electromagnetic Surface Wave Propagation Applicable to UltraHigh Energy Neutrino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic Surface Wave Propagation Applicable to UltraHigh Energy Neutrino Detection Peter ultrahigh energy cosmic rays (UHECR), which would typically interact very close to the surface. Since of electromagnetic surface waves and their propagation is presented. The charged particle shower is modelled

  7. Control influence on the electromagnetic generator pre-design for a wave energy converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    461 1 Control influence on the electromagnetic generator pre-design for a wave energy converter M of an electromagnetic generator for wave energy recovery. We will start by describing the wave energy converter (WEC of the study problem. Keywords: optimization, control, design methodology, direct drive generator, wave energy

  8. Building a first order wave equation for the electromagnetic field: new perspectives on Dirac's equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celso de Araujo Duarte

    2015-10-15

    Traditionally, the electromagnetic theory dictates the well-known second order differential equation for the components of the scalar and the vector potentials, or in other words, for the four-vector electromagnetic potential $\\phi^{\\mu}$. But the second order is not obligatory at least with respect to the electromagnetic radiation fields: actually, a heuristic first order differential equation can be constructed to describe the electromagnetic radiation, supported on the phenomenology of its electric and magnetic fields. Due to a formal similarity, such an equation suggests a direct comparative analysis with Dirac's equation for half spin fermions, conducting to the finding that the Dirac's spinor field $\\Psi$ for massive or massless fermions is equivalent to a set of two potential-like four vector fields $\\psi^{\\mu}$ and $\\chi^{\\mu}$. Under this point of view, striking similarities with the electromagnetic theory emerge with a category of "pseudo electric'' and "pseudo magnetic'' vector fermionic fields.

  9. Collision of arbitrary strong gravitational and electromagnetic waves in the expanding universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alekseev, G A

    2015-01-01

    A completely analytical model of the process of collision and nonlinear interaction of gravitational and electromagnetic soliton wave pulses and strong electromagnetic travelling waves of arbitrary profiles propagating in the expanding universe (symmetric Kasner space-time) is presented. In contrast to intuitive expectations that rather strong travelling waves can destroy the soliton, it occurs that the soliton survives during its interaction with electromagnetic wave of arbitrary amplitude and profile, but its parameters begin to evolve under the influence of this interaction. If a travelling electromagnetic wave possesses a finite duration, the soliton parameters after interaction take constant values again, but these values in general are different from those before the interaction. Based on exact solutions of Einstein - Maxwell equations, our model demonstrates a series of nonlinear phenomena, such as (a) creation of gravitational waves in the collision of two electromagnetic waves, (b) creation of electr...

  10. Branching Ratio of the Electromagnetic Decay of the ?+(1385)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Keller, D.; Hicks, K.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anghinolfi, M.; Baghdasaryan, H.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Bedlinskiy, I.; et al

    2012-03-01

    The CLAS detector was used to obtain the first ever measurement of the electromagnetic decay of the ?*+(1385) from the reaction ?p ? K0 ?*+(1385). A real photon beam with a maximum energy of 3.8 GeV was incident on a liquid-hydrogen target, resulting in the photoproduction of the kaon and ?* hyperon. Kinematic fitting was used to separate the reaction channel from the background processes. The fitting algorithm exploited a new method to kinematically fit neutrons in the CLAS detector, leading to the partial width measurement of 250.0 ± 56.9(stat)-41.2+34.3(sys) keV. A U-spin symmetry test using the SU(3) flavor-multiplet representationmore »yields predictions for the ?*+(1385) ? ?+? and ?*0(1385) ? ?? partial widths that agree with the experimental measurements.« less

  11. Electromagnetic field objects in terms of Balance of Geometric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donev, Stoil

    2015-01-01

    This paper reviews our physical motivation for choosing appropriate formal presentation of electromagnetic field objects (EMFO). Our view is based on the understanding that EMFO are spatially finite entities carrying internal dynamical structure, so, their available integral time stability should be represented by appropriate adaptation of their internal dynamical structure to corresponding local stress-energy-momentum balance relations with other physical objects. This adaptation process has two aspects: internal and external. Clearly, finding adequate internal dynamical structure giving appropriate integral characteristics of the object, will bring also appropriate behavior of EMFO as a whole. Therefore, the internal local stress-energy-momentum balance among the subsystems of EMFO should formally be presented by appropriately defined tensor-field quantities, which are meant to suggest a dynamical understanding of the abilities of EMFO to successfully communicate with all the rest physical world.

  12. Cosmological Ohm's law and dynamics of non-minimal electromagnetism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollenstein, Lukas; Jain, Rajeev Kumar; Urban, Federico R. E-mail: jain@cp3.dias.sdu.dk

    2013-01-01

    The origin of large-scale magnetic fields in cosmic structures and the intergalactic medium is still poorly understood. We explore the effects of non-minimal couplings of electromagnetism on the cosmological evolution of currents and magnetic fields. In this context, we revisit the mildly non-linear plasma dynamics around recombination that are known to generate weak magnetic fields. We use the covariant approach to obtain a fully general and non-linear evolution equation for the plasma currents and derive a generalised Ohm law valid on large scales as well as in the presence of non-minimal couplings to cosmological (pseudo-)scalar fields. Due to the sizeable conductivity of the plasma and the stringent observational bounds on such couplings, we conclude that modifications of the standard (adiabatic) evolution of magnetic fields are severely limited in these scenarios. Even at scales well beyond a Mpc, any departure from flux freezing behaviour is inhibited.

  13. Variational Principles for Constrained Electromagnetic Field and Papapetrou Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Muminov

    2007-06-28

    In our previous article [4] an approach to derive Papapetrou equations for constrained electromagnetic field was demonstrated by use of field variational principles. The aim of current work is to present more universal technique of deduction of the equations which could be applied to another types of non-scalar fields. It is based on Noether theorem formulated in terms of Cartan' formalism of orthonormal frames. Under infinitesimal coordinate transformation the one leads to equation which includes volume force of spin-gravitational interaction. Papapetrou equation for vector of propagation of the wave is derived on base of the equation. Such manner of deduction allows to formulate more accurately the constraints and clarify equations for the potential and for spin.

  14. Neural Network Parameterizations of Electromagnetic Nucleon Form Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof M. Graczyk; Piotr Plonski; Robert Sulej

    2010-08-25

    The electromagnetic nucleon form-factors data are studied with artificial feed forward neural networks. As a result the unbiased model-independent form-factor parametrizations are evaluated together with uncertainties. The Bayesian approach for the neural networks is adapted for chi2 error-like function and applied to the data analysis. The sequence of the feed forward neural networks with one hidden layer of units is considered. The given neural network represents a particular form-factor parametrization. The so-called evidence (the measure of how much the data favor given statistical model) is computed with the Bayesian framework and it is used to determine the best form factor parametrization.

  15. Vertical Transport of Subwavelength Localized Surface Electromagnetic Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Fei; Zhang, Youming; Shi, Xihang; Yang, Zhaoju; Zhang, Baile

    2015-01-01

    Transport of subwavelength electromagnetic (EM) energy has been achieved through near-field coupling of highly confined surface EM modes supported by plasmonic nanoparticles, in a configuration usually staying on a two-dimensional (2D) substrate. Vertical transport of similar modes along the third dimension, on the other hand, can bring more flexibility in designs of functional photonic devices, but this phenomenon has not been observed in reality. In this paper, designer (or spoof) surface plasmon resonators (plasmonic meta-atoms) are stacked in the direction vertical to their individual planes in demonstrating vertical transport of subwavelength localized surface EM modes. Dispersion relation of this vertical transport is determined from coupled mode theory and is verified with near-field transmission spectrum and field mapping with a microwave near-field scanning stage. This work extends the near-field coupled resonator optical waveguide (CROW) theory into the vertical direction, and may find applications ...

  16. Characterization of microstructure with low frequency electromagnetic techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherry, Matthew R.; Sathish, Shamachary [University of Dayton Research Institute, Structural Integrity Division, 300 College Park, Dayton, OH 45469-0020 (United States); Pilchak, Adam L.; Blodgett, Mark P. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate (AFRL/RXCM), 2230 10th St., WPAFB, OH 45433 (United States); Cherry, Aaron J. [Southwest Ohio Council for Higher Education, 3155 Research Blvd., Suite 204, Dayton, OH 45420-4015 (United States)

    2014-02-18

    A new computational method for characterizing the relationship between surface crystallography and electrical conductivity in anisotropic materials with low frequency electromagnetic techniques is presented. The method is discussed from the standpoint of characterizing the orientation of a single grain, as well as characterizing statistical information about grain ensembles in the microstructure. Large-area electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) data was obtained and used in conjunction with a synthetic aperture approach to simulate the eddy current response of beta annealed Ti-6Al-4V. Experimental eddy current results are compared to the computed eddy current approximations based on electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) data, demonstrating good agreement. The detectability of notches in the presence of noise from microstructure is analyzed with the described simulation method and advantages and limitations of this method are discussed relative to other NDE techniques for such analysis.

  17. Cosmic Electromagnetic Fields due to Perturbations in the Gravitational Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop Mongwane; Peter K. S. Dunsby; Bob Osano

    2012-10-21

    We use non-linear gauge-invariant perturbation theory to study the interaction of an inflation produced seed magnetic field with density and gravitational wave perturbations in an almost Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetime. We compare the effects of this coupling under the assumptions of poor conductivity, infinite conductivity and the case where the electric field is sourced via the coupling of velocity perturbations to the seed field in the ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) regime, thus generalizing, improving on and correcting previous results. We solve our equations for long wavelength limits and numerically integrate the resulting equations to generate power spectra for the electromagnetic field variables, showing where the modes cross the horizon. We find that the rotation of the electric field dominates the power spectrum on small scales, in agreement with previous arguments.

  18. Electromagnetic field limits set by the V-Curve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warne, Larry Kevin; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Hudson, Howard Gerald

    2014-07-01

    When emitters of electromagnetic energy are operated in the vicinity of sensitive components, the electric field at the component location must be kept below a certain level in order to prevent the component from being damaged, or in the case of electro-explosive devices, initiating. The V-Curve is a convenient way to set the electric field limit because it requires minimal information about the problem configuration. In this report we will discuss the basis for the V-Curve. We also consider deviations from the original V-Curve resulting from inductive versus capacitive antennas, increases in directivity gain for long antennas, decreases in input impedance when operating in a bounded region, and mismatches dictated by transmission line losses. In addition, we consider mitigating effects resulting from limited antenna sizes.

  19. Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, M.; Hohensee, M.; Walsworth, R. L. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Phillips, D. F. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    Antirelaxation coatings in atomic vapor cells allow ground-state coherent spin states to survive many collisions with the cell walls. This reduction in the ground-state decoherence rate gives rise to ultranarrow-bandwidth features in electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) spectra, which can form the basis of, for example, long-time scale slow and stored light, sensitive magnetometers, and precise frequency standards. Here we study, both experimentally and theoretically, how Zeeman EIT contrast and width in paraffin-coated rubidium vapor cells are determined by cell and laser-beam geometry, laser intensity, and atomic density. Using a picture of Ramsey pulse sequences, where atoms alternately spend ''bright'' and ''dark'' time intervals inside and outside the laser beam, we explain the behavior of EIT features in coated cells, highlighting their unique characteristics and potential applications.

  20. Spontaneous emission of electromagnetic radiation in turbulent plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziebell, L. F.; Yoon, P. H.; Simões, F. J. R.; Pavan, J.; Gaelzer, R.; Instituto de Física e Matemática, UFPel, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul

    2014-01-15

    Known radiation emission mechanisms in plasmas include bremmstrahlung (or free-free emission), gyro- and synchrotron radiation, cyclotron maser, and plasma emission. For unmagnetized plasmas, only bremmstrahlung and plasma emissions are viable. Of these, bremmstrahlung becomes inoperative in the absence of collisions, and the plasma emission requires the presence of electron beam, followed by various scattering and conversion processes. The present Letter proposes a new type of radiation emission process for plasmas in a state of thermodynamic quasi-equilibrium between particles and enhanced Langmuir turbulence. The radiation emission mechanism proposed in the present Letter is not predicted by the linear theory of thermal plasmas, but it relies on nonlinear wave-particle resonance processes. The electromagnetic particle-in-cell numerical simulation supports the new mechanism.

  1. Three-dimensional superintegrable systems in a static electromagnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonella Marchesiello; Libor Snobl; Pavel Winternitz

    2015-07-16

    We consider a charged particle moving in a static electromagnetic field described by the vector potential $\\vec A(\\vec x)$ and the electrostatic potential $V(\\vec x)$. We study the conditions on the structure of the integrals of motion of the first and second order in momenta, in particular how they are influenced by the gauge invariance of the problem. Next, we concentrate on the three possibilities for integrability arising from the first order integrals corresponding to three nonequivalent subalgebras of the Euclidean algebra, namely $(P_1,P_2)$, $(L_3,P_3)$ and $(L_1,L_2,L_3)$. For these cases we look for additional independent integrals of first or second order in the momenta. These would make the system superintegrable (minimally or maximally). We study their quantum spectra and classical equations of motion. In some cases nonpolynomial integrals of motion occur and ensure maximal superintegrability.

  2. From Photons to Atoms - The Electromagnetic Nature of Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Funaro

    2012-05-07

    Motivated by a revision of the classical equations of electromagnetism that allow for the inclusion of solitary waves in the solution space, the material collected in these notes examine the consequences of adopting the modified model in the description of atomic structures. The possibility of handling "photons" in a deterministic way opens indeed a chance for reviewing the foundations of quantum physics. Atoms and molecules are described as aggregations of nuclei and electrons joined through organized photon layers resonating at various frequencies, explaining how matter can absorb or emit light quanta. Some established viewpoints are subverted, offering an alternative scenario. The analysis seeks to provide an answer to many technical problems in physical chemistry and, at the same time, to raise epistemological questions.

  3. Chaotic Emission from Electromagnetic Systems Considering Self-Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando Kokubun; Vilson T. Zanchin

    2006-05-02

    The emission of electromagnetic waves from a system described by the H\\'enon-Heiles potential is studied in this work. The main aim being to analyze the behavior of the system when the damping term is included explicitly into the equations of motion. Energy losses at the chaotic regime and at the regular regime are compared. The results obtained here are similar to the case of gravitational waves emission, as long we consider only the energy loss. The main difference being that in the present work the energy emitted is explicitly calculated solving the equation of motion without further approximations. It is expected that the present analysis may be useful when studying the analogous problem of dissipation in gravitational systems.

  4. Flavor decomposition of the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.D. Cates, C.W. Jager, S. Riordan, B. Wojtsekhowski

    2011-06-01

    The u- and d-quark contributions to the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors have been determined using experimental data on GEn , GMn , GpE , and GpM . Such a flavor separation of the form factors became possible up to 3.4 GeV2 with recent data on GEn from Hall A at JLab. At a negative four-momentum transfer squared Q2 above 1 GeV2, for both the u- and d-quark components, the ratio of the Pauli form factor to the Dirac form factor, F2/F1, was found to be almost constant, and for each of F2 and F1 individually, the d-quark component drops continuously with increasing Q2.

  5. Electromagnetic properties of the Be-11 nucleus in Halo EFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. R. Phillips; H. -W. Hammer

    2010-01-19

    We compute electromagnetic properties of the Be-11 nucleus using an effective field theory that exploits the separation of scales in this halo system. We fix the parameters of the EFT from measured data on levels and scattering lengths in the Be-10 plus neutron system. We then obtain predictions for the B(E1) strength of the 1/2^+ to 1/2^- transition in the Be-11 nucleus. We also compute the charge radius of the ground state of Be-11. Agreement with experiment within the expected accuracy of a leading-order computation in this EFT is obtained. We also indicate how higher-order corrections that affect both s-wave and p-wave Be-10-neutron interactions will affect our results.

  6. Obliquely propagating electromagnetic waves in magnetized kappa plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaelzer, Rudi

    2015-01-01

    Velocity distribution functions (VDFs) that exhibit a power-law dependence on the high-energy tail have been the subject of intense research by the plasma physics community. Such functions, known as kappa or superthermal distributions, have been found to provide a better fitting to the VDFs measured by spacecraft in the solar wind. One of the problems that is being addressed on this new light is the temperature anisotropy of solar wind protons and electrons. In the literature, the general treatment for waves excited by (bi-)Maxwellian plasmas is well-established. However, for kappa distributions, the wave characteristics have been studied mostly for the limiting cases of purely parallel or perpendicular propagation, relative to the ambient magnetic field. Contributions to the general case of obliquely-propagating electromagnetic waves have been scarcely reported so far. The absence of a general treatment prevents a complete analysis of the wave-particle interaction in kappa plasmas, since some instabilities c...

  7. Electromagnetic field objects in terms of Balance of Geometric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

    2015-08-26

    This paper reviews our physical motivation for choosing appropriate formal presentation of electromagnetic field objects (EMFO). Our view is based on the understanding that EMFO are spatially finite entities carrying internal dynamical structure, so, their available integral time stability should be represented by appropriate adaptation of their internal dynamical structure to corresponding local stress-energy-momentum balance relations with other physical objects. This adaptation process has two aspects: internal and external. Clearly, finding adequate internal dynamical structure giving appropriate integral characteristics of the object, will bring also appropriate behavior of EMFO as a whole. Therefore, the internal local stress-energy-momentum balance among the subsystems of EMFO should formally be presented by appropriately defined tensor-field quantities, which are meant to suggest a dynamical understanding of the abilities of EMFO to successfully communicate with all the rest physical world.

  8. On electromagnetic models of ball lightning with topological structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donoso, J M; Trueba, J L

    2003-01-01

    It has been long admitted that a consequence of the virial theorem is that there can be no equilibrium configurations of a system of charges in electromagnetic interaction in the absence of external forces. However, recent results have shown that the virial theorem can not preclude the existence of certain nontrivial equilibrium configurations. Although some of these new results are based on an effective microscopic field theory, they are important for a theory of ball lightning that has been developed by the authors of the present work. Other theoretical results relative to magnetic force-free fields with field aligned currents and self-organized filamentary structures are also found to be relevant for this model.

  9. Electromagnetic field triggered drug and chemical delivery via liposomes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liburdy, Robert P. (1820 Mountain View Rd., Tiburon, CA 94920)

    1993-01-01

    The present invention relates to a system and to a method of delivering a drug to a preselected target body site of a patient, comprising the steps of encapsulating the chemical agent within liposomes, essentially temperature insensitive, i.e. not having a specific predetermined phase transition temperature within the specific temperature range of drug administration; administering the liposomes to the target body site; and subjecting the target body site to nonionizing electromagnetic fields in an area of the preselected target body in order to release said chemical agent from the liposomes at a temperature of between about +10 and 65.degree. C. The invention further relates to the use of said liposomes to bind to the surface of or to enter target tissue or an organ in a living system, and, when subjected to a nonionizing field, to release a drug from the liposomes into the target site.

  10. Electromagnetic field triggered drug and chemical delivery via liposomes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liburdy, R.P.

    1993-03-02

    The present invention relates to a system and to a method of delivering a drug to a preselected target body site of a patient, comprising the steps of encapsulating the chemical agent within liposomes, essentially temperature insensitive, i.e. not having a specific predetermined phase transition temperature within the specific temperature range of drug administration; administering the liposomes to the target body site; and subjecting the target body site to nonionizing electromagnetic fields in an area of the preselected target body in order to release the chemical agent from the liposomes at a temperature of between about +10 and 65 C. The invention further relates to the use of the liposomes to bind to the surface of or to enter target tissue or an organ in a living system, and, when subjected to a nonionizing field, to release a drug from the liposomes into the target site.

  11. Resonance of relativistic electrons with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Denton, R. E.; Jordanova, V. K.; Bortnik, J.

    2015-06-29

    Relativistic electrons have been thought to more easily resonate with electromagnetic ion cyclotron EMIC waves if the total density is large. We show that, for a particular EMIC mode, this dependence is weak due to the dependence of the wave frequency and wave vector on the density. A significant increase in relativistic electron minimum resonant energy might occur for the H band EMIC mode only for small density, but no changes in parameters significantly decrease the minimum resonant energy from a nominal value. The minimum resonant energy depends most strongly on the thermal velocity associated with the field line motionmore »of the hot ring current protons that drive the instability. High density due to a plasmasphere or plasmaspheric plume could possibly lead to lower minimum resonance energy by causing the He band EMIC mode to be dominant. We demonstrate these points using parameters from a ring current simulation.« less

  12. Electromagnetic pulse (EMP), Part I: Effects on field medical equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandre, R.H.; Klebers, J.; Tesche, F.M.; Blanchard, J.P. (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-04-01

    The electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from a high-altitude nuclear detonation has the potential to cover an area as large as the continental United States with damaging levels of EMP radiation. In this study, two of seven items of medical equipment were damaged by an EMP simulator. Computer circuit analysis of 17 different items showed that 11 of the 17 items would be damaged by current surges on the power cords, while two would be damaged by current surges on external leads. This research showed that a field commander can expect approximately 65% of his electronic medical equipment to be damaged by a single nuclear detonation as far as 2,200 km away.

  13. Instability-driven electromagnetic fields in coronal plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manuel, M. J.-E.; Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.; Sinenian, N.; Frenje, J. A.; Casey, D. T.; Petrasso, R. D.; Hager, J. D.; Betti, R.; Hu, S. X.; Delettrez, J.; Meyerhofer, D. D.

    2013-05-15

    Filamentary electromagnetic fields previously observed in the coronae of laser-driven spherical targets [F. H. Séguin et al., Phys. Plasma. 19, 012701 (2012)] have been further investigated in laser-irradiated plastic foils. Face-on proton-radiography provides an axial view of these filaments and shows coherent cellular structure regardless of initial foil-surface conditions. The observed cellular fields are shown to have an approximately constant scale size of ?210 ?m throughout the plasma evolution. A discussion of possible field-generation mechanisms is provided and it is demonstrated that the likely source of the cellular field structure is the magnetothermal instability. Using predicted temperature and density profiles, the fastest growing modes of this instability were found to be slowly varying in time and consistent with the observed cellular size.

  14. Instability-driven electromagnetic fields in coronal plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manuel, M. J.-E.; Li, C. K.; Seguin, F. H.; Sinenian, N.; Frenje, J. A.; Casey, D. T.; Petrasso, R. D.; Hager, J. D.; Betti, R.; Hu, S. X.; Delettrez, J.; Meyerhofer, D. D.

    2013-04-15

    Filamentary electromagnetic fields previously observed in the coronae of laser-driven spherical targets [F. H. S#2;eguin et al., Phys. Plasma. 19, 012701 (2012)] have been further investigated in laser irradiated plastic foils. Face-on proton-radiography provides an axial view of these filaments and shows coherent cellular structure regardless of initial foil-surface conditions. The observed cellular fields are shown to have an approximately constant scale size of #2;210 lm throughout the plasma evolution. A discussion of possible field-generation mechanisms is provided and it is demonstrated that the likely source of the cellular field structure is the magnetothermal instability. Using predicted temperature and density profiles, the fastest growing modes of this instability were found to be slowly varying in time and consistent with the observed cellular size.

  15. Electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richter, Tomas (State College, PA)

    1998-01-01

    An electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material is provided, which comprises an induction coil for generating a magnetic field in response to an applied alternating electrical current, a housing, and a refractory composite nozzle. The nozzle is comprised of an inner sleeve composed of an erosion resistant refractory material (e.g., a zirconia ceramic) through which molten, magnetic metal flows, a refractory outer shell, and an intermediate compressible refractory material, e.g., unset, high alumina, thermosetting mortar. The compressible refractory material is sandwiched between the inner sleeve and outer shell, and absorbs differential expansion stresses that develop within the nozzle due to extreme thermal gradients. The sandwiched layer of compressible refractory material prevents destructive cracks from developing in the refractory outer shell.

  16. Electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richter, T.

    1998-06-16

    An electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material is provided, which comprises an induction coil for generating a magnetic field in response to an applied alternating electrical current, a housing, and a refractory composite nozzle. The nozzle is comprised of an inner sleeve composed of an erosion resistant refractory material (e.g., a zirconia ceramic) through which molten, magnetic metal flows, a refractory outer shell, and an intermediate compressible refractory material, e.g., unset, high alumina, thermosetting mortar. The compressible refractory material is sandwiched between the inner sleeve and outer shell, and absorbs differential expansion stresses that develop within the nozzle due to extreme thermal gradients. The sandwiched layer of compressible refractory material prevents destructive cracks from developing in the refractory outer shell. 5 figs.

  17. Electromagnetic Isolation Solutions in Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic (LTCC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, Daniel; Peterson, Ken; Euler, Laurie

    2011-10-09

    Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic (LTCC) is a commercial ceramic-glass multilayer technology with compelling advantages for microelectronics, microsystems and sensors. High frequency applications require good electrical properties such as low dielectric loss and newer applications require extreme isolation from electromagnetic interference (EMI) that is even difficult to measure (-150db). Approaches to providing this isolation, once provided by via fences, have included sidewall coating and full tape thickness features (FTTF) that have been introduced by the filling of slots with via-fill compositions. Several techniques for creating these structures have been modeled for stress and temperature effects in the face of other necessary attachments, such as metallic seal frames. The relative effects of attachment media, FTTF geometry, and alternative measures will be reported. Approaches for thick film and thin film implementations are described.

  18. Modulational instability of electromagnetic waves in a collisional quantum magnetoplasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niknam, A. R.; Rastbood, E.; Bafandeh, F.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M.

    2014-04-15

    The modulational instability of right-hand circularly polarized electromagnetic electron cyclotron (CPEM-EC) wave in a magnetized quantum plasma is studied taking into account the collisional effects. Employing quantum hydrodynamic and nonlinear Schrödinger equations, the dispersion relation of modulated CPEM-EC wave in a collisional plasma has been derived. It is found that this wave is unstable in such a plasma system and the growth rate of the associated instability depends on various parameters such as electron Fermi temperature, plasma number density, collision frequency, and modulation wavenumber. It is shown that while the increase of collision frequency leads to increase of the growth rate of instability, especially at large wavenumber limit, the increase of plasma number density results in more stable modulated CPEM-EC wave. It is also found that in contrast to collisionless plasma in which modulational instability is restricted to small wavenumbers, in collisional plasma, the interval of instability occurrence can be extended to a large domain.

  19. Geometric entropy and edge modes of the electromagnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Donnelly; Aron C. Wall

    2015-06-18

    We calculate the vacuum entanglement entropy of Maxwell theory in a class of curved spacetimes by Kaluza-Klein reduction of the theory onto a two-dimensional base manifold. Using two-dimensional duality, we express the geometric entropy of the electromagnetic field as the entropy of a tower of scalar fields, constant electric and magnetic fluxes, and a contact term, whose leading order divergence was discovered by Kabat. The complete contact term takes the form of one negative scalar degree of freedom confined to the entangling surface. We show that the geometric entropy agrees with a statistical definition of entanglement entropy that includes edge modes: classical solutions determined by their boundary values on the entangling surface. This resolves a longstanding puzzle about the statistical interpretation of the contact term in the entanglement entropy. We discuss the implications of this negative term for black hole thermodynamics and the renormalization of Newton's constant.

  20. The Electromagnetic Green's Function for Layered Topological Insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosse, J A; Buhmann, Stefan Yoshi

    2015-01-01

    The dyadic Green's function of the inhomogeneous vector Helmholtz equation describes the field pattern of a single frequency point source. It appears in the mathematical description of many areas of electromagnetism and optics including both classical and quantum, linear and nonlinear optics, dispersion forces (such as the Casimir and Casimir-Polder forces) and in the dynamics of trapped atoms and molecules. Here, we compute the Green's function for a layered topological insulator. Via the magnetoelectric effect, topological insulators are able to mix the electric, E, and magnetic induction, B, fields and, hence, one finds that the TE and TM polarizations mix on reflection from/transmission through an interface. This leads to novel field patterns close to the surface of a topological insulator.

  1. Instability-driven electromagnetic fields in coronal plasmas

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Manuel, M. J.-E.; Li, C. K.; Seguin, F. H.; Sinenian, N.; Frenje, J. A.; Casey, D. T.; Petrasso, R. D.; Hager, J. D.; Betti, R.; Hu, S. X.; et al

    2013-04-15

    Filamentary electromagnetic fields previously observed in the coronae of laser-driven spherical targets [F. H. S#2;eguin et al., Phys. Plasma. 19, 012701 (2012)] have been further investigated in laser irradiated plastic foils. Face-on proton-radiography provides an axial view of these filaments and shows coherent cellular structure regardless of initial foil-surface conditions. The observed cellular fields are shown to have an approximately constant scale size of #2;210 lm throughout the plasma evolution. A discussion of possible field-generation mechanisms is provided and it is demonstrated that the likely source of the cellular field structure is the magnetothermal instability. Using predicted temperature and densitymore »profiles, the fastest growing modes of this instability were found to be slowly varying in time and consistent with the observed cellular size.« less

  2. Abstract--In this paper, we study the limitations imposed by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    Abstract-- In this paper, we study the limitations imposed by the laws of electromagnetism electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we show that the laws of electromagnetism limit the minimum antenna spacing to half a wavelength, /2 , (in the case of 1-D antenna apertures

  3. EEE 340 Electromagnetic Engineering I (4) [F, S] Course (Catalog) Description: Static and time varying vector fields, boundary value problems,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Objective: 1. Students can apply fundamental electromagnetic theory to solution of practical problems CourseEEE 340 Electromagnetic Engineering I (4) [F, S] Course (Catalog) Description: Static and time; MAT 362; PHY 131, 132. Textbook: Cheng, Field and Wave Electromagnetics. Supplemental Materials: None

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 47, NO. 3, AUGUST 2005 521 On the Mechanism of Attenuation of Current Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 47, NO. 3, AUGUST 2005 521 Abstract--It is known from both theory and numerical simula- tions that a current pulse suffers apparent electromagnetic field structure is non-transverse electromagnetic (TEM), particu- larly near the source region

  5. ccsd-00001714,version2-19Oct2004 Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold relativistic plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ccsd-00001714,version2-19Oct2004 Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold relativistic analysis we study the self consistent propagation of nonlinear electromagnetic pulses in a one dimensional. INTRODUCTION Propagation of intense electromagnetic pulses in plas- mas is a subject of current interest

  6. 1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic Inversion in Monostatic Ground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolini, Umberto

    (GPR) is a remote sensing system used to measure short-pulse electromagnetic (EM) reflections due1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic and Umberto Spagnolini, Member, IEEE Abstract--A comprehensive analysis of electromagnetic (EM) inversion

  7. 428 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 51, NO. 3, AUGUST 2009 Overview of Recent Progress in Lightning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    /lightning locating systems, light- ning electromagnetic pulse and lightning-induced effects, and protection against lightning-induced effects. Index Terms--Lightning discharge, lightning electromagnetic pulse (LEMP electromagnetic pulse (LEMP) and induced effects; 4) protection against LEMP. The first special issue on lightning

  8. 3D electromagnetic inversion for environmental site characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alumbaugh, D.L.; Newman, G.A.

    1997-04-01

    A 3-D non-linear electromagnetic inversion scheme has been developed to produce images of subsurface conductivity structure from electromagnetic geophysical data. The solution is obtained by successive linearized model updates where full forward modeling is employed at each iteration to compute model sensitivities and predicted data. Regularization is applied to the problem to provide stability. Because the inverse part of the problem requires the solution of 10`s to 100`s of thousands of unknowns, and because each inverse iteration requires many forward models to be computed, the code has been implemented on massively parallel computer platforms. The use of the inversion code to image environmental sites is demonstrated on a data set collected with the Apex Parametrics {open_quote}MaxMin I-8S{close_quote} over a section of stacked barrels and metal filled boxes at the Idaho National Laboratory`s {open_quote}Cold Test Pit{close_quote}. The MaxMin is a loop-loop frequency domain system which operates from 440 Hz up to 56 kHz using various coil separations; for this survey coil separations of 15, 30 and 60 feet were employed. The out-of phase data are shown to be of very good quality while the in-phase are rather noisy due to slight mispositioning errors, which cause improper cancellation of the primary free space field in the receiver. Weighting the data appropriately by the estimated noise and applying the inversion scheme is demonstrated to better define the structure of the pit. In addition, comparisons are given for single coil separations and multiple separations to show the benefits of using multiple offset data.

  9. Localization from near-source quasi-static electromagnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosher, J.C.

    1993-09-01

    A wide range of research has been published on the problem of estimating the parameters of electromagnetic and acoustical sources from measurements of signals measured at an array of sensors. In the quasi-static electromagnetic cases examined here, the signal variation from a point source is relatively slow with respect to the signal propagation and the spacing of the array of sensors. As such, the location of the point sources can only be determined from the spatial diversity of the received signal across the array. The inverse source localization problem is complicated by unknown model order and strong local minima. The nonlinear optimization problem is posed for solving for the parameters of the quasi-static source model. The transient nature of the sources can be exploited to allow subspace approaches to separate out the signal portion of the spatial correlation matrix. Decomposition techniques are examined for improved processing, and an adaptation of MUtiple SIgnal Characterization (MUSIC) is presented for solving the source localization problem. Recent results on calculating the Cramer-Rao error lower bounds are extended to the multidimensional problem here. This thesis focuses on the problem of source localization in magnetoencephalography (MEG), with a secondary application to thunderstorm source localization. Comparisons are also made between MEG and its electrical equivalent, electroencephalography (EEG). The error lower bounds are examined in detail for several MEG and EEG configurations, as well as localizing thunderstorm cells over Cape Canaveral and Kennedy Space Center. Time-eigenspectrum is introduced as a parsing technique for improving the performance of the optimization problem.

  10. On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2014-09-17

    The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.

  11. Emergent spin electromagnetism induced by magnetization textures in the presence of spin-orbit interaction (invited)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tatara, Gen; Nakabayashi, Noriyuki

    2014-05-07

    Emergent electromagnetic field which couples to electron's spin in ferromagnetic metals is theoretically studied. Rashba spin-orbit interaction induces spin electromagnetic field which is in the linear order in gradient of magnetization texture. The Rashba-induced effective electric and magnetic fields satisfy in the absence of spin relaxation the Maxwell's equations as in the charge-based electromagnetism. When spin relaxation is taken into account besides spin dynamics, a monopole current emerges generating spin motive force via the Faraday's induction law. The monopole is expected to play an important role in spin-charge conversion and in the integration of spintronics into electronics.

  12. Electromagnetic Radiation in Hot QCD Matter: Rates, Electric Conductivity, Flavor Susceptibility and Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang-Hwan Lee; Ismail Zahed

    2014-03-07

    We discuss the general features of the electromagnetic radiation from a thermal hadronic gas as constrained by chiral symmetry. The medium effects on the electromagnetic spectral functions and the partial restoration of chiral symmetry are quantified in terms of the pion densities. The results are compared with the electromagnetic radiation from a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma in terms of the leading gluon condensate operators. We use the spectral functions as constrained by the emission rates to estimate the electric conductivity, the light flavor susceptibility and diffusion constant across the transition from the correlated hadronic gas to a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma.

  13. Electromagnetic Analysis For The Design Of ITER Diagnostic Port Plugs During Plasma Disruptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhai, Y

    2014-03-03

    ITER diagnostic port plugs perform many functions including structural support of diagnostic systems under high electromagnetic loads while allowing for diagnostic access to plasma. The design of diagnotic equatorial port plugs (EPP) are largely driven by electromagnetic loads and associate response of EPP structure during plasma disruptions and VDEs. This paper summarizes results of transient electromagnetic analysis using Opera 3d in support of the design activities for ITER diagnostic EPP. A complete distribution of disruption loads on the Diagnostic First Walls (DFWs). Diagnostic Shield Modules (DSMs) and the EPP structure, as well as impact on the system design integration due to electrical contact among various EPP structural components are discussed.

  14. One-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structures formed by discharge plasmas in a waveguide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arkhipenko, V. I.; Simonchik, L. V., E-mail: l.simonchik@dragon.bas-net.by; Usachonak, M. S. [B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the NAS of Belarus, Ave. Nezavisimostsi 68, 220072 Minsk (Belarus); Callegari, Th.; Sokoloff, J. [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE, Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France)

    2014-09-28

    We demonstrate the ability to develop one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in X-band waveguide solely by using the positive columns of glow discharges in neon at the middle pressure. Plasma inhomogeneities are distributed uniformly along a typical X-band waveguide with cross section of 23×10 mm². It is shown that electron densities larger than 10¹? cm ?³ are needed in order to create an effective one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure. Some applications for using the one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in waveguide as a control of microwave (broadband filter and device for variation of pulse duration) are demonstrated.

  15. Efficient regime of electromagnetic emission in a plasma with counterstreaming electron beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timofeev, I. V.; Annenkov, V. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS and Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-15

    Efficiency of electromagnetic emission produced in a magnetized plasma with counterstreaming electron beams was investigated using both the linear kinetic theory and particle-in-cell simulations. We calculated the growth rate of the beam-plasma instability taking into account both kinetic and relativistic effects and showed that there exists a regime in which transversely propagating electromagnetic waves can be generated by the coupling of the most unstable oblique beam-driven modes. It was confirmed by numerical simulations that such a tune-up of system parameters for a specific nonlinear process can lead to a substantial increase in electromagnetic emission efficiency. It was found that electromagnetic radiation emerging from the plasma in such a regime is generated near the harmonics of the pump frequency that is determined by the typical eigenfrequency of the beam-driven modes. It was also shown that the peak emission power can reach 5% of the maximal power lost by beam electrons.

  16. Design of a high-speed, meso-scale nanopositioners driven by electromagnetic actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golda, Dariusz, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to generate the design and fabrication knowledge that is required to engineer high-speed, six-axis, meso-scale nanopositioners that are driven by electromagnetic actuators. When compared to ...

  17. Electromagnetic stabilization of tokamak microturbulence in a high-$\\beta$ regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Citrin, J; Goerler, T; Jenko, F; Mantica, P; Told, D; Bourdelle, C; Hatch, D R; Hogeweij, G M D; Johnson, T; Pueschel, M J; Schneider, M

    2014-01-01

    The impact of electromagnetic stabilization and flow shear stabilization on ITG turbulence is investigated. Analysis of a low-$\\beta$ JET L-mode discharge illustrates the relation between ITG stabilization, and proximity to the electromagnetic instability threshold. This threshold is reduced by suprathermal pressure gradients, highlighting the effectiveness of fast ions in ITG stabilization. Extensive linear and nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations are then carried out for the high-$\\beta$ JET hybrid discharge 75225, at two separate locations at inner and outer radii. It is found that at the inner radius, nonlinear electromagnetic stabilization is dominant, and is critical for achieving simulated heat fluxes in agreement with the experiment. The enhancement of this effect by suprathermal pressure also remains significant. It is also found that flow shear stabilization is not effective at the inner radii. However, at outer radii the situation is reversed. Electromagnetic stabilization is negligible while the flow...

  18. Controlled-source electromagnetic mapping of a faulted sandstone aquifer in central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorman, Erin Margaret

    1998-01-01

    Controlled-source electromagnetic mapping (CSEM) techniques were used to identify lateral variations in electrical conductivity associated with faults and facies contacts in a shallow sandstone aquifer in central Texas. The purpose of the research...

  19. Experimental time-domain controlled source electromagnetic induction for highly conductive targets detection and discrimination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benavides Iglesias, Alfonso

    2007-09-17

    The response of geological materials at the scale of meters and the response of buried targets of different shapes and sizes using controlled-source electromagnetic induction (CSEM) is investigated. This dissertation focuses on three topics; i) frac...

  20. Quasi-stationary circuit relationships from electromagnetic theory with special emphasis on equivalence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gandy, Woodrow Wheeler

    1952-01-01

    in the mapping of Camptown Cemetery: magnetics (MAG), electromagnetic induction (EMI), and ground penetrating radar (GPR). The approach is to combine, or fuse, the MAG, EMI, and GPR information, rendering a joint interpretation in which the confidence...