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1

Substantial Transformation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions Questions and Answers for...

2

Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

90 Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage platyrhyncos domesticus) exhibited any energy-saving mechanisms that could lessen the detrimental effects ex- hibited substantial energy-saving mechanisms as a response to diet restriction. After 5 d of diet

Bech, Claus

3

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords: Cellulose, ethanol, biofuel, Clostridiumincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrassincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Wind energy Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply Introduction The Danish wind turbine industry with approx. 20,000 employees supplies supply approx. 20% of the electricity consumption in the Danish energy system. Hence wind energy

5

Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 1BIntegration of Supply Chains I: Breaking Down Barriers Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops Chris Daly, Director, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University

6

Substantial Transformation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related to Substantial Transformation GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS Section 1605 of the Recovery Act states, "None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for a project for the construction, alteration, maintenance, or repair of a public building or public work unless all of the iron, steel, and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States." The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) guidance on implementing this section defines "manufactured good" as a "good brought to the construction site for incorporation into

7

Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings April 23, 2010 - 4:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Recycling has been part of going green for a long time, but one company is going a step further by actually recycling energy that has already been used to power manufacturing plants. How do they do it? Recycled Energy Development implements proven technologies that help capture wasted heat and increase their energy efficiency. Dick Munson, senior vice president for public affairs at RED, says facilities that undertake such projects are generally able to cut their energy expenses by up to 20 percent. West Virginia Alloys, in Alloy, W.Va., is a silicon manufacturing plant that makes materials that end up in products such as solar cells and computer chips. In 2013, with help from

8

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Emerging energy technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainable as well as reducing energy consumption: · Fusion · Solar cells · Cleaner energy technologies problems in the current energy production and to increasing the efficiency of energy consumption. Sub cheaper, while their manufacture requires considerably less energy than that of conventional solar cells

9

How to Substantially Reduce the Biggest Energy Wasters in Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will vary from $2,190 per year to vortex type to $438 per year top heated pipe. A full treatment of the subject is available in the book ENERGY SAVINGS IN COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEMS, authored by Hank van Ormer, Air Power USA Inc. As much as 75% to 80...% energy savings are available by prudent selection and application of cabinet coolers. OPEN BLOWS Open blows in various material moving processes offer exceptional energy conservation opportunities Often times we find 1/4" open tubes blowing...

Kemp, H. L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18 Million in Energy Savings Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18 Million in Energy Savings November 1, 2007 - 4:21pm Addthis 2007 Federal Energy and Water Management Awardees Honored WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today honored 25 individuals, teams, and organizations throughout the Federal government with the 2007 Federal Energy and Water Management Award for saving taxpayers more than $18 million in energy costs over one year through energy efficiency improvements and innovative project management strategies. This work will help meet goals set forth in President Bush's Executive Order #13423, which sets the Federal government on a rigorous

11

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF Posted By Office of Public Affairs Lawrence Livermore's National Ignition Facility (NIF) recently focused all

12

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF Posted By Office of Public Affairs Lawrence Livermore's National Ignition Facility (NIF) recently focused all

13

Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18 Million in Energy Savings Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18 Million in Energy Savings November 1, 2007 - 4:21pm Addthis 2007 Federal Energy and Water Management Awardees Honored WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today honored 25 individuals, teams, and organizations throughout the Federal government with the 2007 Federal Energy and Water Management Award for saving taxpayers more than $18 million in energy costs over one year through energy efficiency improvements and innovative project management strategies. This work will help meet goals set forth in President Bush's Executive Order #13423, which sets the Federal government on a rigorous

14

Energy Dependence of Air Fluorescence Yield measured by AIRFLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the fluorescence detection of ultra high energy (> 10**18 eV) cosmic rays, the number of emitted fluorescence photons is assumed to be proportional to the energy deposited in air by shower particles. We have performed measurements of the fluorescence yield in atmospheric gases excited by electrons over energies ranging from keV to hundreds of MeV in several accelerators. We found that within the measured energy ranges the proportionality holds at the level of few %.

M. Ave

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

15

The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially reduce the energy used in buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 KTA@Bath Challenge The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially research and lead the education of highly skilled low carbon designers. These Centres will have strong

Burton, Geoffrey R.

16

Plant-Wide Energy Conservation Program Yields Impressive Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"PLANT-WIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM YIELDS IMPRESSIVE RESULTS" Robert P. Adlkes Alan J. Zupko, P.E. Joseph W. Adams Teledyne Continental Motors Roy F. Weston, Inc. Bettcher Manufacturing Corp. Muskegon, Michigan West Chester, Pennsylvania... distribution/condensate return systems during the summer months since 1977 and have saved approximately 70,000 MBtu (1) annually. In September 1977, IPD retained Roy F. Weston, Inc. of West Chester, Pennsylvania to provide an in-depth survey of energy...

Adlkes, R. P.; Zupko, A. J.; Adams, J. W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Impacts of Variability in Cellulosic Biomass Yields on Energy Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feedstock yield variability needs to be a central part of modeling to ensure that policy makers acknowledge risks to energy supplies and develop strategies or contingency plans that mitigate those risks. ... (1) The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) specified in this legislation is a liquid biofuel mandate designed in part to address energy security. ... Without an acknowledgment of variability, there is no basis upon which the emerging biofuel industry and biofuel policy makers can begin to consider and evaluate mitigation options and contingency plans. ...

Kimberley A. Mullins; H. Scott Matthews; W. Michael Griffin; Robert Anex

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

18

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models of the inverters. Keywords-Photovoltaic energy conversion, Markov reliability models, utility-interactive inverters, energy yield estimation. I. INTRODUCTION Photovoltaic systems have gained prominence as economically

Liberzon, Daniel

19

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at Lawrence Livermore's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 08/26/2013 | NR-13-08-04 High Resolution Image All NIF experiments are controlled and orchestrated by the integrated computer control system in the facility's control room. It consists of 950 front-end processors attached to about 60,000 control points, including mirrors, lenses, motors, sensors, cameras, amplifiers, capacitors and diagnostic instruments. Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at Lawrence Livermore's National Ignition Facility Breanna Bishop, LLNL, (925) 423-9802, bishop33@llnl.gov High Resolution Image The preamplifiers of the National Ignition Facility are the first step in increasing the energy of laser beams as they make their way toward the target chamber. LIVERMORE, Calif. -- In the early morning hours of Aug.13, Lawrence

20

Spot Convenience Yield Models for the Energy Markets Rene Carmona and Michael Ludkovski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spot Convenience Yield Models for the Energy Markets Ren´e Carmona and Michael Ludkovski Abstract of convenience yield recently proposed as a viable alternative. 1. Introduction As the energy markets continue and phrases. Spot price, convenience yield, energy markets. 1 #12;2 REN´E CARMONA AND MICHAEL LUDKOVSKI

Carmona, Rene

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

High-yield maize with large net energy yield and small global warming intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from a previous life cycle assessment...pumping rather than diesel or natural gas, fine-tuning...actual baseline. General Discussion. Increasing...be natural gas, diesel, and electricity...energy per liter of diesel (43 MJL-1...Improvements in life-cycle energy efficiency...

Patricio Grassini; Kenneth G. Cassman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

In-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arrangement is provided for the in-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams. The beam is directed onto a target surface of known composition, such that Rutherford backscattering of the beam occurs. The yield-energy characteristic response of the beam to backscattering from the target is analyzed using Rutherford backscattering techniques to determine the yields of energy species components of the beam.

Kugel, Henry W. (Somerset, NJ); Kaita, Robert (Englishtown, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Active Wake Redirection Control to Improve Energy Yield (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Wake effects can dramatically reduce the efficiency of waked turbines relative to the unwaked turbines. Wakes can be deflected, or 'redirected,' by applying yaw misalignment to the turbines. Yaw misalignment causes part of the rotor thrust vector to be pointed in the cross-stream direction, deflecting the flow and the wake. Yaw misalignment reduces power production, but the global increase in wind plant power due to decreased wake effect creates a net increase in power production. It is also a fairly simple control idea to implement at existing or new wind plants. We performed high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics simulations of the wake flow of the proposed Fishermen's Atlantic City Windfarm (FACW) that predict that under certain waking conditions, wake redirection can increase plant efficiency by 10%. This means that by applying wake redirection control, for a given watersheet area, a wind plant can either produce more power, or the same amount of power can be produced with a smaller watersheet area. With the power increase may come increased loads, though, due to the yaw misalignment. If misalignment is applied properly, or if layered with individual blade pitch control, though, the load increase can be mitigated. In this talk we will discuss the concept of wake redirection through yaw misalignment and present our CFD results of the FACW project. We will also discuss the implications of wake redirection control on annual energy production, and finally we will discuss plans to implement wake redirection control at FACW when it is operational.

Churchfield, M. J.; Fleming, P.; DeGeorge, E.; Bulder, B; White, S. M.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

On the existence of an universal energy function for sputtering yields by low-energy light-ion bombardment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism wherenism whereby heavy solids are sputtered by lowenergy light ions can be explained by a linear- ... yield can be introduced if the appropriate dimensionless energy variable is assumed. In fact, t...

G. Falcone; A. Oliva

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Positron yield as a function of energy at \\{APosS\\} The Argonne Positron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the Argonne Positron Source (APosS) at the Argonne National Laboratory low-energy electron linac is discussed. We describe the measurement of the yield of slow positrons as a function of electron-beam energy and compare these results with theoretical calculations. Those results were used to establish the optimal regime for positron production.

Sergey D. Chemerisov; Charles D. Jonah; Hongmin Chen; Yanching C. Jean; David M. Schrader; Alan W. Hunt

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

In-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Objects of the present invention are provided for a particle beam having a full energy component at least as great as 25 keV, which is directed onto a beamstop target, such that Rutherford backscattering, preferably near-surface backscattering occurs. The geometry, material composition and impurity concentration of the beam stop are predetermined, using any suitable conventional technique. The energy-yield characteristic response of backscattered particles is measured over a range of angles using a fast ion electrostatic analyzer having a microchannel plate array at its focal plane. The knee of the resulting yield curve, on a plot of yield versus energy, is analyzed to determine the energy species components of various beam particles having the same mass.

Kugel, H.W.; Kaita, R.

1983-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

Biofuels from Pyrolysis in Perspective: Trade-offs between Energy Yields and Soil-Carbon Additions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels from Pyrolysis in Perspective: Trade-offs between Energy Yields and Soil-Carbon Additions ... We then apply this model to quantify the trade-offs between energy and biochar yields in BEBCS for a range of possible biofuel pathways for the coproduction of biochar with liquid or gaseous biofuels. ... (43) Thus, we can see that when biochar prices (per Mg C) are less than 33 times the price (per GJ) of gaseous fuels or 21 times the price of liquid pyrolysis fuels, coproduction of biochar with biofuels will reduce revenues compared to biofuel-only production. ...

Dominic Woolf; Johannes Lehmann; Elizabeth M. Fisher; Largus T. Angenent

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Yield Improvement and Energy Savings Uing Phosphonates as Additives in Kraft pulping  

SciTech Connect

Project Objective: Develop a commercially viable modification to the Kraft process resulting in energy savings, increased yield and improved bleachability. Evaluate the feasibility of this technology across a spectrum of wood species used in North America. Develop detailed fundamental understanding of the mechanism by which phosphonates improve KAPPA number and yield. Evaluate the North American market potential for the use of phosphonates in the Kraft pulping process. Examine determinants of customer perceived value and explore organizational and operational factors influencing attitudes and behaviors. Provide an economic feasibility assessment for the supply chain, both suppliers (chemical supply companies) and buyers (Kraft mills). Provide background to most effectively transfer this new technology to commercial mills.

Ulrike W. Tschirner; Timothy Smith

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Design guidelines for H-Darrieus wind turbines: Optimization of the annual energy yield  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract H-Darrieus wind turbines are gaining popularity in the wind energy market, particularly as they are thought to represent a suitable solution even in unconventional installation areas. To promote the diffusion of this technology, industrial manufacturers are continuously proposing new and appealing exterior solutions, coupled with tempting rated-power offers. The actual operating conditions of a rotor over a year can be, however, very different from the nominal one and strictly dependent on the features of the installation site. Based on these considerations, a turbine optimization oriented to maximize the annual energy yield, instead of the maximum power, is thought to represent a more interesting solution. With this goal in mind, 21,600 test cases of H-Darrieus rotors were compared on the basis of their energy-yield capabilities for different annual wind distributions in terms of average speed. The wind distributions were combined with the predicted performance maps of the rotors obtained with a specifically developed numerical code based on a Blade Element Momentum (BEM) approach. The influence on turbine performance of the cut-in speed was accounted for, as well as the limitations due to structural loads (i.e. maximum rotational speed and maximum wind velocity). The analysis, carried out in terms of dimensionless parameters, highlighted the aerodynamic configurations able to ensure the largest annual energy yield for each wind distribution and set of aerodynamic constraints.

Alessandro Bianchini; Giovanni Ferrara; Lorenzo Ferrari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Biomass yield and nitrogen content of annual energy/forage crops preceded by cover crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to reduce input costs and improve sustainability of energy/forage crops in the northern Great Plains (NGP), preceding cover crops can be included into existing annual crop systems. The objective of the study was to determine biomass yield and quality of five annual energy/forage crops, grown after six different, leguminous and non-leguminous cover crop species. The experiment was conducted at two locations, Fargo and Prosper, ND, from 2010 to 2012. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replicates, in a split-plot arrangement where the preceding season's cover crop was the main plot and the forage crop was the sub-plot. Six cover crops, forage pea (Pisum sativum L.) cv. Arvika, Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum ssp. arvense (L.) Poir), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) forage radish (Raphanus sativus var. niger) cv. Daikon, turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) cv. Purple Top, and forage turnip (Brassica campestris x napus) cv. Pasja, were planted no-till on 8 to 9 August in 2010 and 2011 into oat (Avena sativa L.) residue. In the following spring, five energy/forage crops, maize (Zea mays L.), forage sorghum and sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), oat, and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were planted no-till onto the winter-killed cover crops residue. Results across locations and years indicated forage pea and forage radish, produced the highest dry matter yield (3.3Mgha?1) in the fall. Total plant N content was 116kgNha?1 in forage peas and 76kgNha?1 in forage radish, respectively. Results across locations and years indicated all energy/forage crops had greater biomass yield, and total N content when preceded by a legume cover crop compared with a non-legume or the check, in the previous year. Forage sorghum had the highest average biomass yield among the five energy/forage crops, with 17.8Mgha?1, followed by sweet sorghum with 15.3Mgha?1. In conclusion, forage pea was the most suitable cover crop to provide additional N for the subsequent crops in the NGP. Forage sorghum and sweet sorghum can be considered as the most productive energy/forage crops, especially when preceded by a legume cover crop.

D.P. Samarappuli; B.L. Johnson; H. Kandel; M.T. Berti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Bio-energy feedstock yields and their water quality benefits in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

Cellulosic and agricultural bio-energy crops can, under careful management, be harvested as feedstock for bio-fuels production and provide environmental benefits. However, it is required to quantify their relative advantages in feedstock production and water quality. The primary objective of this research was to evaluate potential feedstock yield and water quality benefit scenarios of bioenergy crops: Miscanthus (Miscanthus-giganteus), Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), Soybean {Glycine max (L.) Merr.}, and Corn (Lea mays) in the Upper Pearl River watershed (UPRW), Mississippi using a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The SWAT model was calibrated (January 1981 to December 1994) and validated (January 1995 to September 2008) using monthly measured stream flow data. The calibrated and validated model determined good to very good performance for stream flow prediction (R2 and E from 0.60 to 0.86). The RMSE values (from 14 m3 s-1 to 37 m3 s-1) were estimated at similar levels of errors during model calibration and validation. The long-term average annual potential feedstock yield as an alternative energy source was determined the greatest when growing Miscanthus grass (373,849 Mg) as followed by Alfalfa (206,077 Mg), Switchgrass (132,077 Mg), Johnsongrass (47,576 Mg), Soybean (37,814 Mg), and Corn (22,069 Mg) in the pastureland and cropland of the watershed. Model results determined that average annual sediment yield from the Miscanthus grass scenario determined the least (1.16 Mg/ha) and corn scenario the greatest (12.04 Mg/ha). The SWAT model simulated results suggested that growing Miscanthus grass in the UPRW would have the greatest potential feedstock yield and water quality benefits.

Parajuli, Prem B.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy Yield Prediction of Offshore Wind Farm Clusters at the EERA-DTOC European Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new integrated design tool for optimization of offshore wind farm clusters is under development in the European Energy Research Alliance Design Tools for Offshore wind farm Cluster project (EERA DTOC). The project builds on already established design tools from the project partners and possibly third-party models. Wake models have been benchmarked on the Horns Rev and, currently, on the Lilgrund wind farm test cases. Dedicated experiments from BARD Offshore 1 wind farm will using scanning lidars will produce new data for the validation of wake models. Furthermore, the project includes power plant interconnection and energy yield models all interrelated with a simplified cost model for the evaluation of layout scenarios. The overall aim is to produce an efficient, easy to use and flexible tool - to facilitate the optimised design of individual and clusters of offshore wind farms. A demonstration phase at the end of the project will assess the value of the integrated design tool with the help of potential end-users from industry. This abstracts summarizes the objectives and preliminary results of work package 3. In order to provide an accurate value of the expected net energy yield, the offshore wind resource assessment process has been reviewed as well as the sources of uncertainty associated to each step. Methodologies for the assessment of offshore gross annual energy production are analyzed based on the Fino 1 test case. Measured data and virtual data from Numerical Weather Prediction models have been used to calculate long term wind speed, wind profile and gross energy.

E. Cantero; C.B. Hasager; P.-E. Rthor; A. Pea; K. Hansen; J. Badger; J.G. Schepers; L.M. Faiella; D. Iuga; G. Giebel; S. Lozano; J. Sanz; G. Sieros; P. Stuart; T. Young; A. Palomares; J. Navarro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

A qualitative examination of performance and energy yield of photovoltaic modules in southern Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three different, commercially available photovoltaic modules have been monitored outdoors in the town of Grimstad, Norway. The present paper describes the experimental setup that was implemented, in particular details of the low-cost electronic loads. Results compare measured performance with manufacturer's data, and temperature measurements enable a comparison with performance at standard test condition temperature. Overall, the monocrystalline module performed best both regarding maximum efficiency and overall energy production, whereas the module based on triple junction amorphous silicon technology had the worst performance considering these criteria. The gross numbers of energy yield corresponding to measurements over a whole year show that photovoltaic technology could become a viable alternative also in a Northern country like Norway.

Ole-Morten Midtgard; Tor Oskar Stre; Georgi Yordanov; Anne Gerd Imenes; Chee Lim Nge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Prediction of County-Level Corn Yields Using an Energy-Crop Growth Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weather conditions significantly affect corn yields. while weather remains as the major uncontrolled variable in crop production, an understanding of the influence of weather on yields can aid in early and accurate assessment of the impact of ...

Jeffrey A. Andresen; Robert F. Dale; Jerald J. Fletcher; Paul V. Preckel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Impact of Solar Resource and Atmospheric Constituents on Energy Yield Models for Concentrated Photovoltaic Systems .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Global economic trends suggest that there is a need to generate sustainable renewable energy to meet growing global energy demands. Solar energy harnessed by concentrated (more)

Mohammed, Jafaru

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say A crystal with a strange property is at the heart of a clever method for inducing nuclear fusion in a tabletop-sized device-rays for medical therapies. Although the field of room-temperature fusion is littered with scandals and dubious

37

Influence of Corn Residue Harvest Management on Grain, Stover, and Energy Yields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic, environmental, and energy independence issues are contributing to rising fossil ... a growing interest in biomass feedstocks as renewable energy sources. Potential feedstocks include perennial grasses, ...

Keri B. Cantrell; Jeffrey M. Novak; James R. Frederick

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Optimizing energy yields in black locust through genetic selection: final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to assess the magnitude of improvement in biomass yield of black locust possible through breeding, and to determine methods for efficiently capturing the yield improvement achievable from selective breeding. To meet this overall objective, six tasks were undertaken to determine: (1) the amount and geographic pattern of natural genetic variation, (2) the mating system of the species, (3) quantitative genetic parameters of relevant traits, (4) the relationship between nitrogen fixation and growth in black locust, (5) the viability of mass vegetative propagation, and (6) the feasibility of improvement through genetic transformation.

Bongarten, B.C.; Merkle, S.A. [Georgia Univ., Athens, GA (United States). School of Forest Resources

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Improved bio-energy yields via sequential ethanol fermentation and biogas digestion of steam exploded oat straw  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using standard laboratory equipment, thermochemically pretreated oat straw was enzymatically saccharified and fermented to ethanol, and after removal of ethanol the remaining material was subjected to biogas digestion. A detailed mass balance calculation shows that, for steam explosion pretreatment, this combined ethanol fermentation and biogas digestion converts 8587% of the higher heating value (HHV) of holocellulose (cellulose and hemicellulose) in the oat straw into biofuel energy. The energy (HHV) yield of the produced ethanol and methane was 9.59.8MJ/(kg dry oat straw), which is 2834% higher than direct biogas digestion that yielded 7.37.4MJ/(kg dry oat straw). The rate of biogas formation from the fermentation residues was also higher than from the corresponding pretreated but unfermented oat straw, indicating that the biogas digestion could be terminated after only 24days. This suggests that the ethanol process acts as an additional pretreatment for the biogas process.

Debebe Yilma Dererie; Stefan Trobro; Majid Haddad Momeni; Henrik Hansson; Johanna Blomqvist; Volkmar Passoth; Anna Schnrer; Mats Sandgren; Jerry Sthlberg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Role of energy cost in the yield of cold ternary fission of 252 Cf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy costs in the cold ternary fission of 252Cf for various light charged particle emission are calculated by including Wongs correction for Coulomb potential. Energy cost is found to be higher in cold ......

P V KUNHIKRISHNAN; K P SANTHOSH

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Primary Isotope Yields and Characteristic Properties of the Fragmenting Source in Heavy-ion Reactions near the Fermi Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For central collisions of $^{40}$Ca $+ ^{40}$Ca at 35 MeV/nucleon, the density and temperature of a fragmenting source have been evaluated in a self-consistent manner using the ratio of the symmetry energy coefficient relative to the temperature, $a_{sym}/T$, extracted from the yields of primary isotopes produced in antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) simulations. The $a_{sym}/T$ values are extracted from all isotope yields using an improved method based on the Modified Fisher Model (MFM). The values of $a_{sym}/T$ obtained, using different interactions with different density dependencies of the symmetry energy term, are correlated with the values of the symmetry energies at the density of fragment formation. Using this correlation, the fragment formation density is found to be $\\rho/\\rho_0 = 0.67 \\pm 0.02$. Using the input symmetry energy value for each interaction temperature values are extracted as a function of isotope mass $A$. The extracted temperature values are compared with those evaluated from the fluctuation thermometer with a radial flow correction.

X. Liu; W. Lin; R. Wada; M. Huang; Z. Chen; G. Q. Xiao; S. Zhang; X. Jin; J. Liu; F. Shi; P. Ren; H. Zheng; J. B. Natowitz; A. Bonasera

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

42

Petroleum Drilling and Production in the United States: Yield per Effort and Net Energy Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...RESERVES CRUDE OIL N 1 :. WALL...ENERGY COSTS GOODS S...drilling and production in the United...petroleum (both oil and oil plus gas) found per...of energy costs and gains...drilling for domestic petroleum...reliability index R for all...symme-try operations, only a center...

CHARLES A. S. HALL; CUTLER J. CLEVELAND

1981-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fission Product Yields of Uranium Bombarded with Deuterons of Various Energies (20-190 Mev)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation cross sections of Sr89, Zr97, Pd109, Pd112, Ag111, and Ba140 were measured from the bombardment of natural uranium with deuterons of various energies (20-190 Mev).

Harry G. Hicks; Peter C. Stevenson; Richard S. Gilbert; William H. Hutchin

1955-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Study of Neutron Yield Degradation in a Low Energy Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron emission degradation from a low energy (1 kJ) plasma focus (PF) system designed to develop as...6 to 2 l06neutrons per shot, after 40 discharges. Analyzing the gas using the mass spectrograph, nitro...

M. Yasin; R. Ali; T. J. Solaija; J. Younis; M. Zakaullah

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A Low-cost, High-yield Process for the Direct Productin of High Energy Density Liquid Fuel from Biomass  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective and outcome of this project was the development and validation of a novel, low-cost, high-pressure fast-hydropyrolysis/hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process (H{sub 2}Bioil) using supplementary hydrogen (H{sub 2}) to produce liquid hydrocarbons from biomass. The research efforts under the various tasks of the project have culminated in the first experimental demonstration of the H2Bioil process, producing 100% deoxygenated >C4+ hydrocarbons containing 36-40% of the carbon in the feed of pyrolysis products from biomass. The demonstrated H{sub 2}Bioil process technology (i.e. reactor, catalyst, and downstream product recovery) is scalable to a commercial level and is estimated to be economically competitive for the cases when supplementary H{sub 2} is sourced from coal, natural gas, or nuclear. Additionally, energy systems modeling has revealed several process integration options based on the H{sub 2}Bioil process for energy and carbon efficient liquid fuel production. All project tasks and milestones were completed or exceeded. Novel, commercially-scalable, high-pressure reactors for both fast-hydropyrolysis and hydrodeoxygenation were constructed, completing Task A. These reactors were capable of operation under a wide-range of conditions; enabling process studies that lead to identification of optimum process conditions. Model compounds representing biomass pyrolysis products were studied, completing Task B. These studies were critical in identifying and developing HDO catalysts to target specific oxygen functional groups. These process and model compound catalyst studies enabled identification of catalysts that achieved 100% deoxygenation of the real biomass feedstock, sorghum, to form hydrocarbons in high yields as part of Task C. The work completed during this grant has identified and validated the novel and commercially scalable H2Bioil process for production of hydrocarbon fuels from biomass. Studies on model compounds as well as real biomass feedstocks were utilized to identify optimized process conditions and selective HDO catalyst for high yield production of hydrocarbons from biomass. In addition to these experimental efforts, in Tasks D and E, we have developed a mathematical optimization framework to identify carbon and energy efficient biomass-to-liquid fuel process designs that integrate the use of different primary energy sources along with biomass (e.g. solar, coal or natural gas) for liquid fuel production. Using this tool, we have identified augmented biomass-to-liquid fuel configurations based on the fast-hydropyrolysis/HDO pathway, which was experimentally studied in this project. The computational approach used for screening alternative process configurations represents a unique contribution to the field of biomass processing for liquid fuel production.

Agrawal, Rakesh

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

46

Mass and nuclear charge yields for 237Np(2nth,f) at different fission fragment kinetic energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recoil mass separator LOHENGRIN of the Laue-Langevin Institute Grenoble has been used to measure for the first time, the yields of light fission fragments from the fissioning system: 23993Np; this odd-Z nucleus is formed after double thermal neutron capture in a 23993Np target. The mass distributions were measured for different kinetic energies between 92 and 115.5 MeV, but the nuclear charge distributions were determined only up to 112 MeV. These distributions are compared to the distributions obtained for the even-even system 24094Pu. At high kinetic energy, the mass distribution shows a prominent peak around mass number AL = 106. These cold fragmentations are discussed in terms of a calculation based on a scission point model extrapolated to the cold fission case. As expected for an odd-Z fissioning nucleus, the nuclear charge distributions do not reveal any odd-even effect. The global neutron odd-even effect is found to be (8.1 1.5)%. A simple model has been used to show that most of the neutron odd-even effect results from prompt neutron evaporation from the fragments.

G. Martinez; G. Barreau; A. Sicre; T.P. Doan; P. Audouard; B. Leroux; W. Arafa; R. Brissot; J.P. Bocquet; H. Faust; P. Koczon; M. Mutterer; F. Gnnenwein; M. Asghar; U. Quade; K. Rudolph; D. Engelhardt; E. Piasecki

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Yield Comparison for Domestic Photovoltaic Installation across the UK Scottish Institute for Solar Energy Research, May 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was conducted using Polysun simulation software. The software was validated using data recorded at a domestic to simulate the potential yield for a range of solar technologies. The software is preinstalled with global and the simulation is 4%, taken as validation that the Polysun Software accurately predicts the output of PV

Painter, Kevin

48

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially Improve Combustion Engine Simulation Software Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to...

49

Partitioning of Seismoacoustic Energy and Estimation of Yield and Height?of?Burst/Depth?of?Burial for Near?Surface Explosions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...overpressure motions from the Humble Redwood series of low-yield, near-surface...low-yield explosions from the Humble Redwood (HR) test series spanning a...postevent forensics analysis. Humble Redwood Experiment Humble Redwood I and...

Sean R. Ford; Arthur J. Rodgers; Heming Xu; Dennise C. Templeton; Philip Harben; William Foxall; Robert E. Reinke

50

Yield estimation using bandpass-filtered seismograms: Preliminary results using neural networks with mb(Pn), short-time, long-time, and coda energy measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Approach to Yield Estimation We have used an artificial neural network (fl~NN) for yield estimation where the input to the Ad~INis seismic measurements and the output of the ~LNNis the yield of the explosion. The type of ANN we have chosen uses the multilayered...

Richard R. Leach; Jr.; Farid U. Dowla; Eileen S. Vergino

51

Recyclable transmission line (RTL) and linear transformer driver (LTD) development for Z-pinch inertial fusion energy (Z-IFE) and high yield.  

SciTech Connect

Z-Pinch Inertial Fusion Energy (Z-IFE) complements and extends the single-shot z-pinch fusion program on Z to a repetitive, high-yield, power plant scenario that can be used for the production of electricity, transmutation of nuclear waste, and hydrogen production, all with no CO{sub 2} production and no long-lived radioactive nuclear waste. The Z-IFE concept uses a Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) accelerator, and a Recyclable Transmission Line (RTL) to connect the LTD driver to a high-yield fusion target inside a thick-liquid-wall power plant chamber. Results of RTL and LTD research are reported here, that include: (1) The key physics issues for RTLs involve the power flow at the high linear current densities that occur near the target (up to 5 MA/cm). These issues include surface heating, melting, ablation, plasma formation, electron flow, magnetic insulation, conductivity changes, magnetic field diffusion changes, possible ion flow, and RTL mass motion. These issues are studied theoretically, computationally (with the ALEGRA and LSP codes), and will work at 5 MA/cm or higher, with anode-cathode gaps as small as 2 mm. (2) An RTL misalignment sensitivity study has been performed using a 3D circuit model. Results show very small load current variations for significant RTL misalignments. (3) The key structural issues for RTLs involve optimizing the RTL strength (varying shape, ribs, etc.) while minimizing the RTL mass. Optimization studies show RTL mass reductions by factors of three or more. (4) Fabrication and pressure testing of Z-PoP (Proof-of-Principle) size RTLs are successfully reported here. (5) Modeling of the effect of initial RTL imperfections on the buckling pressure has been performed. Results show that the curved RTL offers a much greater buckling pressure as well as less sensitivity to imperfections than three other RTL designs. (6) Repetitive operation of a 0.5 MA, 100 kV, 100 ns, LTD cavity with gas purging between shots and automated operation is demonstrated at the SNL Z-IFE LTD laboratory with rep-rates up to 10.3 seconds between shots (this is essentially at the goal of 10 seconds for Z-IFE). (7) A single LTD switch at Tomsk was fired repetitively every 12 seconds for 36,000 shots with no failures. (8) Five 1.0 MA, 100 kV, 100 ns, LTD cavities have been combined into a voltage adder configuration with a test load to successfully study the system operation. (9) The combination of multiple LTD coaxial lines into a tri-plate transmission line is examined. The 3D Quicksilver code is used to study the electron flow losses produced near the magnetic nulls that occur where coax LTD lines are added together. (10) Circuit model codes are used to model the complete power flow circuit with an inductive isolator cavity. (11) LTD architectures are presented for drivers for Z-IFE and high yield. A 60 MA LTD driver and a 90 MA LTD driver are proposed. Present results from all of these power flow studies validate the whole LTD/RTL concept for single-shot ICF high yield, and for repetitive-shot IFE.

Sharpe, Robin Arthur; Kingsep, Alexander S. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Smith, David Lewis; Olson, Craig Lee; Ottinger, Paul F. (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC); Schumer, Joseph Wade (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC); Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Kim, Alexander (High Currents Institute, Tomsk, Russia); Kulcinski, Gerald L. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Kammer, Daniel C. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Rose, David Vincent (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Nedoseev, Sergei L. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Pointon, Timothy David; Smirnov, Valentin P. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Turgeon, Matthew C.; Kalinin, Yuri G. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Bruner, Nichelle "Nicki" (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Barkey, Mark E. (University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL); Guthrie, Michael (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Thoma, Carsten (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Genoni, Tom C. (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Langston, William L.; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

RF Sputtering for preparing substantially pure amorphous silicon monohydride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for controlling the dihydride and monohydride bond densities in hydrogenated amorphous silicon produced by reactive rf sputtering of an amorphous silicon target. There is provided a chamber with an amorphous silicon target and a substrate therein with the substrate and the target positioned such that when rf power is applied to the target the substrate is in contact with the sputtering plasma produced thereby. Hydrogen and argon are fed to the chamber and the pressure is reduced in the chamber to a value sufficient to maintain a sputtering plasma therein, and then rf power is applied to the silicon target to provide a power density in the range of from about 7 watts per square inch to about 22 watts per square inch to sputter an amorphous silicon hydride onto the substrate, the dihydride bond density decreasing with an increase in the rf power density. Substantially pure monohydride films may be produced.

Jeffrey, Frank R. (Ames, IA); Shanks, Howard R. (Ames, IA)

1982-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

53

Status of fission yield evaluations  

SciTech Connect

Very few yield compilations are also evaluations, and very few contain an extensive global library of measured data and extensive models for unmeasured data. The earlier U.K. evaluations and US evaluations were comparable up to the retirements of the primary evaluators. Only the effort in the US has been continued and expanded. The previous U.K. evaluations have been published. In this paper we summarize the current status of the US evaluation, philosophy, and various integral yield tests for 34 fissioning nuclides at one or more neutron incident energies and/or for spontaneous fission. Currently there are 50 yield sets and for each we have independent and cumulative yields and uncertainties for approximately 1100 fission products. When finalized, the recommended data will become part of the next version of the US Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF/B-VI). The complete set of data, including the basic input of measured yields, will be issued as a sequel to the General Electric evaluation reports (better known by the authors' names: Rider - or earlier - Meek and Rider). 16 references.

England, T.R.; Rider, B.F.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Ultra low-energy behavior of an ionic replacement reaction {sup 3}He{sup 4}He{sup +}+{sup 4}He{yields}{sup 4}He{sub 2}{sup +}+{sup 3}He  

SciTech Connect

An accurate ab initio potential energy surface has been employed for the treatment of the full quantum dynamics for isotopic exchange reaction {sup 4}He{sup 3}He{sub 2}{sup +}+{sup 4}He. State-to-state reactive probabilities have been obtained using a time-independent approach at ultralow collision energies. More than one total angular momentum has been calculated in order to provide a converged rate constant for the title reaction within the ultralow temperature regime. The reaction is found to become faster than the Langevin value when T{yields}0, thus providing connection with experiments with sympathetically cooled molecular ions or superfluid helium nanodroplets.

Bodo, Enrico; Gianturco, Franco A. [Department of Chemistry, University of Rome La Sapienza, Piazzale A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome (Italy)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Calculation of the Cherenkov light yield from low energetic secondary particles accompanying high-energy muons in ice and water with Geant4 simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we investigate and parameterize the amount and angular distribution of Cherenkov photons, which are generated by low-energy secondary particles (typically ? 500 MeV), which accompany a muon track in water or ice. These secondary particles originate from small energy loss processes. We investigate the contributions of the different energy loss processes as a function of the muon energy and the maximum transferred energy. For the calculation of the angular distribution we have developed a generic transformation method, which allows us to derive the angular distribution of Cherenkov photons for an arbitrary distribution of track directions and their velocities.

Leif Rdel; Christopher Wiebusch

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Data Transfer Nodes Yield Results!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DTN DTN Data Transfer Nodes Yield Results August 1, 2011 | Tags: Accelerator Science, Data Transfer, ESnet Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov The ability to reliably move and share data around the globe is essential to scientific collaboration, that's why three Department of Energy (DOE) Scientific Computing Centers-Argonne and Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facilities, and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)-have teamed up to focus on optimizing wide area network (WAN) transfers. This ongoing effort began several years ago when each site deployed dedicated transfer nodes (DTNs), optimized for carrying data between the DOE facilities. Today, engineers from each site continue to meet regularly with DOE's Energy Sciences Network staff (ESnet) to develop strategies

57

Policy Flash 2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

More Documents & Publications Substantial Transformation Flash2010-54.pdf Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions...

58

Problems of improving the methods of technicoeconomic substantiation of pumped-storage stations in power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of substantiating pumped-storage stations requires further development and perfection toward a more complete consideration of their system effect.

V. S. Sharygin

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Effects of fast atoms and energy-dependent secondary electron emission yields in PIC/MCC simulations of capacitively coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In most PIC/MCC simulations of radio frequency capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs) several simplifications are made: (i) fast neutrals are not traced, (ii) heavy particle induced excitation and ionization are neglected, (iii) secondary electron emission from boundary surfaces due to neutral particle impact is not taken into account, and (iv) the secondary electron emission coefficient is assumed to be constant, i.e. independent of the incident particle energy and the surface conditions. Here we question the validity of these simplifications under conditions typical for plasma processing applications. We study the effects of including fast neutrals and using realistic energy-dependent secondary electron emission coefficients for ions and fast neutrals in simulations of CCPs operated in argon at 13.56 MHz and at neutral gas pressures between 3 Pa and 100 Pa. We find a strong increase of the plasma density and the ion flux to the electrodes under most conditions, if these processes are included realistically in ...

Derzsi, A; Schuengel, E; Donko, Z; Schulze, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Quantifying yield gaps in wheat production in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop yields must increase substantially to meet the increasing demands for agricultural products. Crop yield increases are particularly important for Russia because low crop yields prevail across Russia's widespread and fertile land resources. However, reliable data are lacking regarding the spatial distribution of potential yields in Russia, which can be used to determine yield gaps. We used a crop growth model to determine the yield potentials and yield gaps of winter and spring wheat at the provincial level across European Russia. We modeled the annual yield potentials from 1995 to 2006 with optimal nitrogen supplies for both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Overall, the results suggest yield gaps of 1.512.10 t ha?1, or 4452% of the yield potential under rainfed conditions. Under irrigated conditions, yield gaps of 3.143.30 t ha?1, or 6263% of the yield potential, were observed. However, recurring droughts cause large fluctuations in yield potentials under rainfed conditions, even when the nitrogen supply is optimal, particularly in the highly fertile black soil areas of southern European Russia. The highest yield gaps (up to 4 t ha?1) under irrigated conditions were detected in the steppe areas in southeastern European Russia along the border of Kazakhstan. Improving the nutrient and water supply and using crop breeds that are adapted to the frequent drought conditions are important for reducing yield gaps in European Russia. Our regional assessment helps inform policy and agricultural investors and prioritize research that aims to increase crop production in this important region for global agricultural markets.

Florian Schierhorn; Monireh Faramarzi; Alexander V Prishchepov; Friedrich J Koch; Daniel Mller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

Comparison of Carrier Multiplication Yields in PbS and PbSe Nanocrystals: The Role of Competing Energy-Loss Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While the use of Eg-normalized photon energies in evaluating the CM efficiencies is still a subject of debate,(30, 31) the fact that PbSe NCs are superior to bulk PbSe with regard to CM-related enhancement of the energetic output (evaluated, for example, from the product of Eg and the QE(24, 28) or calculated power conversion efficiencies(7, 8); QE is the quantum efficiency of photon to exciton conversion) is almost universally accepted in the community. ... The efficiency of conventional solar cells is limited because the excess energy of absorbed photons converts to heat instead of producing electron-hole pairs. ... Using atomistic pseudopotential calcns., the authors show here that the more conventional impact ionization mechanism, whereby a photogenerated electron-hole pair decays into a biexciton in a process driven by Coulomb interactions between the carriers, can explain both the rate (1 ps) and the energy threshold (?2.2 times the band gap) of carrier multiplication, without the need to invoke alternative mechanisms. ...

John T. Stewart; Lazaro A. Padilha; M. Mumtaz Qazilbash; Jeffrey M. Pietryga; Aaron G. Midgett; Joseph M. Luther; Matthew C. Beard; Arthur J. Nozik; Victor I. Klimov

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

62

Alloy substantially free of dendrites and method of forming the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein are alloys substantially free of dendrites. A method includes forming an alloy substantially free of dendrites. A superheated alloy is cooled to form a nucleated alloy. The temperature of the nucleated alloy is controlled to prevent the nuclei from melting. The nucleated alloy is mixed to distribute the nuclei throughout the alloy. The nucleated alloy is cooled with nuclei distributed throughout.

de Figueredo, Anacleto M. (West Newton, MA); Apelian, Diran (West Boylston, MA); Findon, Matt M. (Monson, MA); Saddock, Nicholas (S. Windson, CT)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Estimating Corn Grain Yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Background Moisture stress caused by drought will reduce corn grain yields by dis- rupting kernel development, lowering grade, and impeding grain fill. Kernel development of the corn plant is most affected by drought during early vegeta- tive growth stages... stages of development (V8 and V9) also cause the corn plant to develop fewer kernels and to abort developing pollen tubes and kernels. The result is fewer filled rows and fewer developed kernels within each row of an ear, and an overall reduction...

Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

64

Biomass feedstock contracts: Role of land quality and yield variability in near term feasibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the absence of an infrastructure for the harvest, storage and purchase of cellulosic biomass, contracting is an important mechanism through which biorefineries can ensure adequate feedstock supply. We develop an optimization model to assess the economic potential of dedicated energy crops when profit-maximizing farmers allocate croplands of varying quality toward biomass in response to multi-year contracts. We evaluate the economic competitiveness of perennial grasses with traditional commodity crops, in a case study of switchgrass production in Tennessee. Assuming short-term contracts, we consider the importance of payment structure, land quality, energy crop yield and projected commodity crop returns on a farmer's decision to accept a contract for biomass production. We find that a wholesale contract, in which the farmer is guaranteed a price per unit biomass, is most effective on the highest quality of land, while a contract in which the farmer is guaranteed a price per acre is most effective on lower quality land. From the biorefinery perspective, a wholesale contract is most effective for short-term contracts while an acreage contract is most effective for long-term contracts. Breakeven pricing will only secure feedstock from farmers who produce commodity crops with unfavorable price outlooks on lower quality land; therefore, the contract price must include a premium in order to compete for space in the crop mix. The yield profile of energy crops has a significant effect on the terms at which short-term contracts will be accepted and land allocated toward feedstock production. The extent to which energy crop yields observed in field trials can be maintained at commercial scale also has a substantial effect on the scale at which farmers would be willing to participate in energy crop production.

Adaora Okwo; Valerie M. Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A versatile detector for total fluorescence and electron yield experiments  

SciTech Connect

The combination of a non-coated silicon photodiode with electron repelling meshes makes a versatile detector for total fluorescence yield and electron yield techniques highly suitable for x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In particular, a copper mesh with a bias voltage allows to suppress or transmit the electron yield signal. The performance of this detection scheme has been characterized by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure studies of thermal oxidized silicon and sapphire. The results show that the new detector probes both electron yield and for a bias voltage exceeding the maximum photon energy the total fluorescence yield.

Thielemann, N. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Hoffmann, P. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Foehlisch, A. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Higher Yields Can Be Achieved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: While the current forecast is showing higher distillate production than last year, there is room for yet more volume through refiners switching to higher yields than those being forecast. This will only happen if economic incentives evolve to encourage this change. Current high spreads indicate those incentives may occur. This graph shows the distillate yield pattern over the last few years. Generally yields rise in the fall to build stocks for winter distillate use. On average, the yield increase during the fourth quarter is about 2% higher than the yield average of the lowest yield months of June, July and August. (Recognize that a 1% change in yield is about a 150 MB/D change in distillate production, which is about 4% of winter demand.) During the fall of 1996, the winter season began with very low

67

Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

US, based on known tolerances to climate and soil characteristics Provide a spatial framework for assimilating and interpreting field data, which in turn, refines the...

68

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen Impact's efforts within the area of fuel cells and hydrogen is to contribute to establishing the necessary platform cells and Electrolysis and other hydrogen technologies. Impact The overall object of strengthening Risø

69

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit to local  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit, it is important to evaluate how different stressors associated with this type of fishing affect fish survival. What follows is a brief Q & A review on the effects of air exposure. How long can a fish live out

Watson, Craig A.

70

Can Naked Singularities Yield Gamma Ray Bursts?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts are believed to be the most luminous objects in the Universe. There has been some suggestion that these arise from quantum processes around naked singularities. The main problem with this suggestion is that all known examples of naked singularities are massless and hence there is effectively no source of energy. It is argued that a globally naked singularity coupled with quantum processes operating within a distance of the order of Planck length of the singularity will probably yield energy burst of the order of M_pc^2\\approx2\\times 10^{16} ergs, where M_p is the Planck mass.

H. M. Antia

1998-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

71

Future Yield Growth: What Evidence from Historical Data?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential future role of biofuels has become an important topic in energy legislation as it is seen as a potential low carbon alternative to conventional fuels. Hence, future yield growth is an important topic from ...

Gitiaux, Xavier

72

DOE Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three CODiE Awards DOE Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three CODiE Awards July 28, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The JASON Project's multimedia energy curriculum has earned three CODiE Awards from the Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA). Developed with assistance from the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Operation: Infinite Potential explores past, current, and future challenges of energy generation, storage, and consumption. NETL was one of four host sites used in developing the JASON Project's energy curriculum Operation: Infinite Potential. Visiting students learned about energy challenges and conducted research alongside NETL scientists.

73

Yield  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2. (1) The second category is data collapse, which is easily demonstrated with the Ising model. We may write the equation of state as a functional relationship of the form M ...

74

Method for the substantial reduction of quenching effects in luminescence spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for reducing quenching effects in analytical luminescence measurements. Two embodiments of the present invention are described which relate to a form of time resolution based on the amplitudes and phase shifts of modulated emission signals. In the first embodiment, the measured modulated emission signal is substantially independent of sample quenching at sufficiently high frequencies. In the second embodiment, the modulated amplitude and the phase shift between the emission signal and the excitation source are simultaneously measured. Using either method, the observed modulated amplitude may be reduced to its unquenched value. 3 figs.

Demas, J.N.; Jones, W.M.; Keller, R.A.

1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

75

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

76

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

US-China Clean Energy Cooperation: From Laboratory to Livable Cities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US-China Clean Energy Cooperation: From Laboratory to Livable US-China Clean Energy Cooperation: From Laboratory to Livable Cities US-China Clean Energy Cooperation: From Laboratory to Livable Cities January 18, 2011 - 4:04pm Addthis The official logo of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center | Energy Department Illustration | The official logo of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center | Energy Department Illustration | Julian Wong This week, Chinese President Hu Jintao is in the United States for a state visit. This visit is an opportunity to address issues that are important to the American people and to demonstrate that the relationship between the United States and China yields substantial benefits, even as we must work through difficult challenges. There's one emerging success story we'd like to highlight in particular that will yield benefits for both our

78

Cite this: RSC Advances, 2013, 3, Enhanced yields of furfural and other products by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for production of hydrocarbons from cellulosic biomass for use as drop-in fuels. Simultaneous extraction into a solvent immiscible in water can substantially enhance furfural yields by removing it from the aqueous to hydrocarbons.5�9 Positive results in engine performance and reductions in emissions were reported for furan

California at Riverside, University of

79

Evidence that solar wind fluctuations substantially affect global convection and substorm occurrence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale transfer of solar wind energy to the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, to plasma sheet structure wind energy to the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, and we speculated that resonance between the solar that this implies that solar wind ULF power may be an important contributor to the strength of coupling of solar

Lyons, Larry

80

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for Cement Making. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This practice wastes substantial energy and should never beway to recover energy from waste. The carbon dioxidecan obtain a free energy and waste assessment. The audit is

Worrell, Ernst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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81

Midwest Renewable Energy Services LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Renewable Energy Services LLC Place: Florida Zip: FL 33408 Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: MRE Services provides scheduling services to deliver a substantial portion...

82

Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. The Advanced Fossil Energy Projects solicitation, authorized by Title XVII...

83

New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis September 10, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new, free online tool developed by a Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory allows users to customize and analyze the environmental impact of various fuels before they are used to create power. Information from the Excel™-based Upstream Dashboard - developed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) - can be used with other data or models to build an emissions inventory of various feedstocks as part of a comprehensive lifecycle analysis of the fuels. Lifecycle analysis is a new and innovative way to analyze and compare different pathways for producing power and transportation fuels.

84

New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis September 10, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new, free online tool developed by a Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory allows users to customize and analyze the environmental impact of various fuels before they are used to create power. Information from the Excel™-based Upstream Dashboard - developed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) - can be used with other data or models to build an emissions inventory of various feedstocks as part of a comprehensive lifecycle analysis of the fuels. Lifecycle analysis is a new and innovative way to analyze and compare different pathways for producing power and transportation fuels.

85

Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

Manaktala, H.K. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Significant Increase in Hydrogen Photoproduction Rates and Yields by Wild-Type Algae is Detected at High Photobioreactor Gas Phase Volume (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

503 * July 2012 503 * July 2012 Hydrogen photoproduction by 500 mL of sulfur/phosphorus- deprived (-S -P) algal cultures placed in PhBRs with different headspace volumes (165-925 mL). The final percentages of H 2 gas in the gas phase of the PhBRs are indicated in the figure inset; the Y-axis reports actual amounts of H 2 produced. The yield of H 2 gas in the PhBR with a historically small gas phase volume is shown as a dotted line. A Significant Increase in Hydrogen Photoproduction Rates and Yields by Wild-Type Algae is Detected at High Photobioreactor Gas Phase Volume Project: Biological Systems for Hydrogen Photoproduction Team: Maria L. Ghirardi and Michael Seibert, NREL; Sergey N. Kosourov, Khorcheska A. Batyrova, Ekaterina P. Petushkova, and Anatoly A. Tsygankov, IBBP, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

87

Estimation of two-parameter multilevel item response models with predictor variables: simulation and substantiation for an urban school district  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IRT models. However, models such as 2-PL MLIRT models have not been studied yet. This dissertation consists of two studies, a simulation and a substantiation for an urban school district dataset. The simulation study tested the performance...

Natesan, Prathiba

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Compilation of fission product yields Vallecitos Nuclear Center  

SciTech Connect

This document is the ninth in a series of compilations of fission yield data made at Vallecitos Nuclear Center in which fission yield measurements reported in the open literature and calculated charge distributions have been utilized to produce a recommended set of yields for the known fission products. The original data with reference sources, as well as the recommended yields are presented in tabular form for the fissionable nuclides U-235, Pu-239, Pu-241, and U-233 at thermal neutron energies; for U-235, U-238, Pu-239, and Th-232 at fission spectrum energies; and U-235 and U-238 at 14 MeV. In addition, U-233, U-236, Pu-240, Pu-241, Pu-242, Np-237 at fission spectrum energies; U-233, Pu-239, Th-232 at 14 MeV and Cf-252 spontaneous fission are similarly treated. For 1979 U234F, U237F, Pu249H, U234He, U236He, Pu238F, Am241F, Am243F, Np238F, and Cm242F yields were evaluated. In 1980, Th227T, Th229T, Pa231F, Am241T, Am241H, Am242Mt, Cm245T, Cf249T, Cf251T, and Es254T are also evaluated.

Rider, B.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Small-Scale Carbon Sequestration Field Test Yields Significant Lessons  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small-Scale Carbon Sequestration Field Test Yields Significant Small-Scale Carbon Sequestration Field Test Yields Significant Lessons Learned Small-Scale Carbon Sequestration Field Test Yields Significant Lessons Learned May 20, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, one of seven regional partnerships created by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to advance carbon capture and storage technologies, has completed a preliminary geologic characterization and sequestration field test at FirstEnergy's R. E. Burger Plant near Shadyside, Ohio. The project provided significant geologic understanding and "lessons learned" from a region of the Appalachian Basin with few existing deep well penetrations for geologic characterization. The initial targets for the geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) at the

90

Wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waves receive their energy from the wind by means of a ... whose yield is not yet clearly understood. Energy in the wave is more concentrated than in the wind ... density. For this reason a motor utilizing wave p...

Ferruccio Mosetti

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Chemist's Pursuit of Molecular Beauty May Yield Energy Breakthroughs -Chronicle.com http://chronicle.com/weekly/v55/i35/35a01002.htm[5/4/2009 5:06:38 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative-Energy Degrees, Fueled by Student Demand Article: Colleges Drive Research on Electric Cars Article Special issues & data Short Subjects Gazette Corrections Opinion & Forums Careers Multimedia Leadership Forum Technology Forum Resource Center Campus Viewpoints Services Help Contact us About The Chronicle

Yaghi, Omar M.

92

Percent Yield and Mass of Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Percent Yield and Mass of Water Percent Yield and Mass of Water Name: Lisa Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: When doing a percent yield activity in lab, we use MgCl hexahydrate and CaSO4. How do we factor the mass of the water that is released during the reaction? Replies: Lisa, Based on your question, I am not quite sure what the experiment is. Are you heating the hydrates and looking at the percent-yield of water removed during the heating? If so, then you would calculate the theoretical yield (using stoichiometry and the balanced chemical equation: MgCl2.6H2O --> MgCl2 + 6H2O) of water released, and compare it to the actual yield of water released in the experiment to get percent yield. Greg (Roberto Gregorius) Canisius College

93

The Yield Function and Angular Distribution of the D+D Neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thin target yield of neutrons from the D+D reaction has been measured for deuteron energies 0.5-1.8 Mev. The neutron yield in the forward direction increases smoothly throughout the interval, but the yield at 80 to the bombarding beam remains almost constant. Values of A in the expression (1+Acos2?) representing the angular distribution of the neutrons in the c.g. system are calculated from the yield data and plotted as a function of voltage. A is found to increase from 1.8 at 0.5 Mev deuteron energy to 3.4 at 1.8 Mev.

W. E. Bennett; C. E. Mandeville; H. T. Richards

1946-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Type Ia Supernovae Yielding Distances with 3-4% Precision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The luminosities of Type Ia supernovae (SN), the thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars, vary systematically with their intrinsic color and light-curve decline rate. These relationships have been used to calibrate their luminosities to within ~0.14-0.20 mag from broadband optical light curves, yielding individual distances accurate to ~7-10%. Here we identify a subset of SN Ia that erupt in environments having high ultraviolet surface brightness and star-formation surface density. When we apply a steep model extinction law, these SN can be calibrated to within ~0.065-0.075 mag, corresponding to ~3-4% in distance -- the best yet with SN Ia by a substantial margin. The small scatter suggests that variations in only one or two progenitor properties account for their light-curve-width/color/luminosity relation.

Kelly, Patrick L; Burke, David L; Hicken, Malcolm; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Zheng, Weikang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Simulation of heavy ion induced electron yield at grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compare simulations to experiments measuring electron yield from heavy ions striking metal surfaces, in particular at grazing incidence, for 1.0MeV potassium and 182.0MeV gold ions striking stainless steel as measured in two recent experiments. We find the electron yield is proportional to within 3% for the potassium experiments and 13% for the gold experiments to the simulated energy deposited by the ions in a thin (?20???) layer at the target surface. We discuss how nonequilibrium stopping and ion wake fields may account for the larger disagreement with the gold experiments. An analytic estimate based on specular reflection predicts the peak in simulated and measured electron yield as a function of angle to within a few percent.

P. H. Stoltz; S. Veitzer; R. Cohen; A. W. Molvik; J.-L. Vay

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

High-yield positron systems for linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

Linear colliders, such as the SLC, are among those accelerators for which a high-yield positron source operating at the repetition rate of the accelerator is desired. The SLC, having electron energies up to 50 GeV, presents the possibility of generating positron bunches with useful charge even exceeding that of the initial electron bunch. The exact positron yield to be obtained depends on the particular capture, transport and damping system employed. Using 31 GeV electrons impinging on a W-type converter phase-space at the target to the acceptance of the capture rf section, the SLC source is capable of producing, for every electron, up to two positrons within the acceptance of the positron damping ring. The design of this source and the performance of the positron system as built are described. Also, future prospects and limitations for high-yield positron systems are discussed. 11 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Clendenin, J.E.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Abstract--Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially decreases the trauma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially on the beating heart is valve repair. To address this need, this paper proposes a tool for replacing mitral valve replacement and reduction of regurgitation was demonstrated in an ex-vivo heart simulator. I. INTRODUCTION UE

Dupont, Pierre

98

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy newsroomassetsimagesenergy-icon.png Energy Research into alternative forms of energy, and improving and securing the power grid, is a major national security...

99

Aerosol Processes Enabling Solar Energy Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Development of alternative energy sources is essential to satisfy future energy demands. While remaining fossil fuel resources may substantially meet these demands, anthropogenic carbon dioxide: (more)

An, Woo Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

LPO Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. May 22, 2013 Moniz: Tesla Repayment Shows the Strength of Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Secondary Charmonium Production at LHC Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the production of charmonium by $D\\bar D$ annihilation during the mixed and hadronic phase of Pb-Pb collision at LHC energy. The calculations for secondary $J/\\psi$ and $\\psi^,$ production are performed within a kinetic model taking into account the space-time evolution of a longitudinally and transversely expanding medium. It is shown that the yield of secondary $J/\\psi$ mesons depends strongly on the $J/\\psi$ dissociation cross section with co-moving hadrons. Within the most likely scenario for the dissociation cross section it will be negligible. The secondary production of $\\psi^,$ mesons, however, due to their large cross section above the threshold, can substantially exceed the primary yield.

P. Braun-Munzinger; K. Redlich

1999-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

Muon Yield Comparisons for Different ICOOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Muon Yield Comparisons for Different ICOOL Versions and Lattices X. Ding Front End, Nov. 23, 2010 parameters of 11 and 13GeV from interpolation) � Take the muon/pion/kaons at z=0 m from MARS output (Field of Running MARS #12;4 Muon Yield from Different Versions of ICOOL with ST2a-BNL Input Deck #12;5 Muon Yield

McDonald, Kirk

103

High-yield maize with large net energy yield and small global warming intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diesel by electrical power for pumping irrigation...pump when electrical power is used, reducing...Compared with natural gas or diesel, the benefit...efficiency with electrical power more than offsets...electrical power generation, which relies heavily on coal-fired power plants. Water...

Patricio Grassini; Kenneth G. Cassman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Energy Payback for Energy Systems Ensembles During Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During periods of growth, the energy payback performance of new energy generating technologies deviates substantially from the usual static measures of energy return on investment (EROI), and time to breakeven (tB) for ...

Gutowski, Timothy G.

105

Role of laser-pulse duration in the neutron yield of deuterium cluster targets K. W. Madison,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laser pulses. We find that the cluster explosion energy and resultant fusion yield are sensitive the achievement of high neutron yield but would provide a cost effective pure DD or DT fusion neutron source [9 study of the ion and fusion neutron yields from explosions of deuterium clusters irradiated with 100-TW

Ditmire, Todd

106

#AskEnergySaver: Home Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

electric systems, like solar electric and onsite wind power, have substantial energy loss when converting electricity to heat. With solar thermal water heating, there are a...

107

Buy American | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

manufactured goods are substantially less energy-efficient than foreign goods (such as solar panels) could a subrecipient seek a nonavailability waiver based on the substandard...

108

TIF film, substrates and nonfumigant soil disinfestation maintain fruit yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

soil disinfestation maintain fruit yields Steve Fennimore bystrawberry production sea- son, fruit yields on substrateswere com- parable to fruit yields using conventional

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Muon capture in Ar. The muon lifetime and yields of Cl isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The time and energy spectra of ? rays, accompanying negative muon capture in a 40Ar target, have been measured using Ge detectors. The results of measuring the muon lifetime in 40Ar and yields of different Cl and...

A. V. Klinskikh; S. Brianson; V. B. Brudanin

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Yield and Angular Distribution of the D-D Neutrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential and total cross sections for neutron emission from the d-d reaction have been measured for deuteron energies between 0.5 and 3.7 Mev. A "thin" deuterium gas target and an energy insensitive neutron detector were used in the measurements. The yield in the center of mass coordinates was of the form N(?)=K(1+Acos2?+Bcos4?+Ccos6?); the total cross section was essentially constant (0.1 barn) for deuteron energies above 1 Mev. The coefficient A was found to be negative above 1.4 Mev and appreciable cos4? was needed at all energies. Above 2.5 Mev, a cos6? term was also appreciable. The angular distribution results can be understood qualitatively in terms of penetration of Coulomb and centrifugal barriers plus spin-orbit coupling.

G. T. Hunter and H. T. Richards

1949-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy ... Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technology, by Nathan S. Lewis of the California Institute of Technology, summarizes data on energy resources and analyses the implications for human society. ... ConfChem Conference on Educating the Next Generation: Green and Sustainable ChemistrySolar Energy: A Chemistry Course on Sustainability for General Science Education and Quantitative Reasoning ...

John W. Moore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Increased Radical Cation Yields: Arenes in DCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated 1,2-Dichloroethane Alison M. Funston and John R. Miller Radiat. Phys. Chem., 72, 601-611 (2005). [Find paper at Elsevier Science Direct] Abstract: Pulse radiolysis in chlorinated hydrocarbon liquids such as 1,2-dichloroethane is a versatile and effective method for the generation of solute radical cations. The addition of a large concentration of toluene or benzene to solutions of 1,2-dichloroethane is found to increase the yield of solute radical cations (G = 0.68 molecules/100 eV in 1,2-dichloroethane (Wang et al., 1979) by a factor of 2.5. The increased yield is found for solutes which have a potential of ~ 1.1 V (vs SCE) or below for the S+·/S couple and is due to reaction of the chlorine

113

Yield learning model for integrated circuit package  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and has a major influence on product perfo rmance and reliability. Increasing the yield in package assembly influence on product perfo will reduce the effective manufacturing cost during assembly. Hence integrated circuit manufacturers try to improve...

Balasubramaniam, Gaurishankar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Diamagnetic muon yields of metal acetylacetonates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diamagnetic muon yields /PD.../ in various metal acetylacetonates were measured at room temperature by the muon spin rotation technique. We have found a...D between complexes of typical elements and those of tran...

M. K. Kubo; Y. Sakai; T. Tominaga

1989-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

115

of oil yields from enhanced oil recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO 2 storage capacity in depleted oil reservoirs. The primary goal of the project is to demonstrate that remaining oil can be economically produced using CO 2 -EOR technology in untested areas of the United States. The Citronelle Field appears to be an ideal site for concurrent CO 2 storage and EOR because the field is composed of sandstone reservoirs

116

Analysis of experimental data on the neutron yield from muons  

SciTech Connect

Experimental data accumulated over 60 years of studying the yield of cosmogenic neutrons in a liquid scintillator (Y{sub LS}), iron (Y{sub Fe}), and lead (Y{sub Pb}) were analyzed. This analysis revealed that the main part of the results on the yield Y{sub LS} were overestimated by about 30%. With allowance for this circumstance, all experimental data can be described by the dependence Y(E{sub Micro-Sign }, A) = b{sub n}A{sup {beta}}E{sub Micro-Sign }{sup {alpha}}, where the product b{sub n}E{sub Micro-Sign }{sup {alpha}} stands for the energy spent by a muon on neutron production. The exponents of {alpha} = 0.78 and {beta} = 0.95 are determined by the properties of the medium and by neutron production in showers.

Agafonova, N. Yu.; Malgin, A. S., E-mail: Malgin@lngs.infn.it [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Optimizing Production of Hydroquinone Achieves Increased Yield and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

definition ? Risk assessment ? In order to move past the cultural barriers, a detailed risk assessment was essential for stakeholder buy-in. ? The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) tool was used to document and evaluate potential risks.... ? Reliable supply at high level of p-DIPB ? Peroxides degradation at higher temperatures ? Inventory management ? Labor ? operations and packaging (contractors) ? FMEA promoted understanding of the risks. Project definition ? Risk management ? Performed...

Gross, S.

118

WP2 IEA Wind Task 26:The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Delivered Wind Energy Costs Have Declined Substantially BNEFTable ES-1. Potential Sources of Future Wind Energy Costvii Table 1. Potential Sources of Future Wind Energy Cost

Lantz, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Scintillator yields glimpse of elusive solar neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The low-energy neutrinos are byproducts of the first reaction in a chain that generates 99% of the Suns energy.

Smart, Ashley G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Cumulative energy demand for selected renewable energy technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculation of Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) of various energy systems and the computation of their Energy Yield Ratio (EYR) suggests that one single renewable energy technology cannot be said to be the ... Due ...

Dirk Grzenich; Jyotirmay Mathur

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy use and energy intensity of the U.S. chemical industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs, fixed costs and ethylene price Purchased energy costsfeedstock and energy prices, ethylene yield (per unit ofof ethylene produced) and the generally higher energy prices

Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian; Einstein, Dan; Martin, Nathan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal, State, local, and foreign governments, EIA survey respondents, and the media. For further information, and for answers to questions on energy statistics, please...

123

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

124

Boosting Crop Yields with Plant Steroids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hormones warrant better crops for the XXI century. Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 86 : 441-447...Peerbolte, R., Broekaert, W., and Van Camp, W. (2005). TraitMill: A discovery...stress. Biol. Plant. 48 : 407-411. Van Camp, W. (2005). Yield enhancement genes...

Cécile Vriet; Eugenia Russinova; Christophe Reuzeau

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

125

Lens aberration aware placement for timing yield  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process variations due to lens aberrations are to a large extent systematic, and can be modeled for purposes of analyses and optimizations in the design phase. Traditionally, variations induced by lens aberrations have been considered random due to their ... Keywords: Layout, design for manufacturing, lithography, timing yield

Andrew B. Kahng; Chul-Hong Park; Puneet Sharma; Qinke Wang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Yield stress and elastic modulus of suspensions of noncolloidal particles in yield stress fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this yield stress; above the yield stress they behave as liquids, and their flow behavior is usually well more complex at the approach of the transition between the liquid and the solid regimes [Coussot (2005 and Jorrot (2001)], a cement paste [Geiker et al. (2002)], a foam [Cohen-Addad et al. (2007)] or coal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Nanostructured Materials for Energy Generation and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency of the thermoelectric energy generation and battery storageefficiency of the thermoelectric energy generation and battery storagebattery electrodes suggest that the use of nanostructured materials can substantially improve the thermal management of the batteries and their energy storage efficiency.

Khan, Javed Miller

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Collaboration yields 'The Right Glasses' for observing mystery behavior  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observing mystery behavior In electrons Observing mystery behavior In electrons Collaboration yields 'The Right Glasses' for observing mystery behavior in electrons The research may lead to a better understanding of superconductors or development of better materials for powering high-speed electronics. December 13, 2007 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

129

MULTI-KEV X-RAY YIELDS FROM HIGH-Z GAS TARGETS FIELDED AT OMEGA  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on modeling of x-ray yield from gas-filled targets shot at the OMEGA laser facility. The OMEGA targets were 1.8 mm long, 1.95 mm in diameter Be cans filled with either a 50:50 Ar:Xe mixture, pure Ar, pure Kr or pure Xe at {approx} 1 atm. The OMEGA experiments heated the gas with 20 kJ of 3{omega} ({approx} 350 nm) laser energy delivered in a 1 ns square pulse. the emitted x-ray flux was monitored with the x-ray diode based DANTE instruments in the sub-keV range. Two-dimensional x-ray images (for energies 3-5 keV) of the targets were recorded with gated x-ray detectors. The x-ray spectra were recorded with the HENWAY crystal spectrometer at OMEGA. Predictions are 2D r-z cylindrical with DCA NLTE atomic physics. Models generally: (1) underpredict the Xe L-shell yields; (2) overpredict the Ar K-shell yields; (3) correctly predict the Xe thermal yields; and (4) greatly underpredict the Ar thermal yields. However, there are spreads within the data, e.g. the DMX Ar K-shell yields are correctly predicted. The predicted thermal yields show strong angular dependence.

Kane, J O; Fournier, K B; May, M J; Colvin, J D; Thomas, C A; Marrs, R E; Compton, S M; Moody, J D; Bond, E J; Davis, J F

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

130

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Researchers at...

131

Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for fresh and aged biogenic secondary organic aerosols. Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for...

132

Refinery Yield of Liquefied Refinery Gases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refinery Yield Refinery Yield (Percent) Product: Liquefied Refinery Gases Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Still Gas Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1 3.9 1993-2013 PADD 1 4.4 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.6 2.1 1993-2013 East Coast 4.4 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9 2.2 1993-2013

133

Low Odor, High Yield Kraft Pulping  

SciTech Connect

In laboratory cooks pure oxygen was profiled into the circulation line of a batch digester during two periods of the cooking cycle: The first injection occurred during the heating steps for the purpose of in-situ generation of polysulfide. This chip treatment was studied to explore stabilization against alkaline induced carbohydrate peeling and to increase pulp yield. Under optimum conditions small amounts of polysulfide were produced with yield increase of about 0.5% These increases fell below earlier reports suggesting that unknown differences in liquor composition may influence the relative amounts of polysulfide and thiosulfate generated during the oxidation. Consequently, further studies are required to understand the factors that influence the ratios of those two sulfur species.

W.T. McKean

2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biomass Feedstocks for Renewable Fuel Production: A review of the impacts of feedstock and pretreatment on the yield and product distribution of fast pyrolysis bio-oils and vapors  

SciTech Connect

Renewable transportation fuels from biomass have the potential to substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and diversify global fuel supplies. Thermal conversion by fast pyrolysis converts up to 75% of the starting plant material (and its energy content) to a bio-oil intermediate suitable for upgrading to motor fuel. Woody biomass, by far the most widely-used and researched material, is generally preferred in thermochemical processes due to its low ash content and high quality bio-oil produced. However, the availability and cost of biomass resources, e.g. forest residues, agricultural residues, or dedicated energy crops, vary greatly by region and will be key determinates in the overall economic feasibility of a pyrolysis-to-fuel process. Formulation or blending of various feedstocks, combined with thermal and/or chemical pretreatment, could facilitate a consistent, high-volume, lower-cost biomass supply to an emerging biofuels industry. However, the impact of biomass type and pretreatment conditions on bio-oil yield and quality, and the potential process implications, are not well understood. This literature review summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding the effect of feedstock and pretreatments on the yield, product distribution, and upgradability of bio-oil.

Daniel Carpenter; Stefan Czernik; Whitney Jablonski; Tyler L. Westover

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Effects of water quality and nitrogen on yield, yield components and water use efficiency of barley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A field study was carried out on sandy soil to determine the effects of water quality and nitrogen on yield and water use efficiency of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Ardhaoui). Two irrigation water qualities wer...

K. Nagaz; N. Ben Mechlia

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

137

World population and energy demand growth: the potential role of fusion energy in an efficient world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...substantial amounts of nuclear and solar energy to meet their long-term needs...substantial amounts of nuclear and solar energy to meet their long-term needs...use must be made of nuclear and solar energies. Both sources have the advantage...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Water, Sun, Energy | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water, Sun, Energy Water, Sun, Energy Novel method yields highly reactive, highly hydroxylated TiO2 surface The team's new method is a two-step photochemical process. STM images...

139

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Researchers at Berkeley Lab have been exploring the ways coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) is generated in electron storage rings when femtosecond lasers are used to carve out ultrafast x-ray pulses by femtoslicing (see "Tailored Terahertz Pulses from a Laser-Modulated Electron Beam"). In their most recent work, the researchers reported the first observation of seeding an instability of the electron beam by the laser, and they presented a physical model that shows how this occurs under the proper conditions. Such a mechanism makes it possible to control the instability onset and to exploit its gain for the generation of pulses of terahertz CSR of unprecedented power. Terahertz radiation with a wavelength from about 1 cm to about 100 microns between the microwave and the infrared would provide access to a large number of fundamental phenomena. To mention only some of them: excited electrons orbit, small molecules rotate, proteins vibrate, superconducting energy gaps resonate, and gaseous and solid-state plasmas oscillate at terahertz frequencies. But generating terahertz radiation is ordinarily a challenging task for any kind of source, including storage-ring-based synchrotron light sources. The new findings by the ALS group could represent a significant step toward satisfying the need for powerful terahertz sources.

140

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Researchers at Berkeley Lab have been exploring the ways coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) is generated in electron storage rings when femtosecond lasers are used to carve out ultrafast x-ray pulses by femtoslicing (see "Tailored Terahertz Pulses from a Laser-Modulated Electron Beam"). In their most recent work, the researchers reported the first observation of seeding an instability of the electron beam by the laser, and they presented a physical model that shows how this occurs under the proper conditions. Such a mechanism makes it possible to control the instability onset and to exploit its gain for the generation of pulses of terahertz CSR of unprecedented power. Terahertz radiation with a wavelength from about 1 cm to about 100 microns between the microwave and the infrared would provide access to a large number of fundamental phenomena. To mention only some of them: excited electrons orbit, small molecules rotate, proteins vibrate, superconducting energy gaps resonate, and gaseous and solid-state plasmas oscillate at terahertz frequencies. But generating terahertz radiation is ordinarily a challenging task for any kind of source, including storage-ring-based synchrotron light sources. The new findings by the ALS group could represent a significant step toward satisfying the need for powerful terahertz sources.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Analysis of Photovoltaic System Energy Performance Evaluation Method  

SciTech Connect

Documentation of the energy yield of a large photovoltaic (PV) system over a substantial period can be useful to measure a performance guarantee, as an assessment of the health of the system, for verification of a performance model to then be applied to a new system, or for a variety of other purposes. Although the measurement of this performance metric might appear to be straight forward, there are a number of subtleties associated with variations in weather and imperfect data collection that complicate the determination and data analysis. A performance assessment is most valuable when it is completed with a very low uncertainty and when the subtleties are systematically addressed, yet currently no standard exists to guide this process. This report summarizes a draft methodology for an Energy Performance Evaluation Method, the philosophy behind the draft method, and the lessons that were learned by implementing the method.

Kurtz, S.; Newmiller, J.; Kimber, A.; Flottemesch, R.; Riley, E.; Dierauf, T.; McKee, J.; Krishnani, P.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Z, ZX, and X-1: A Realistic Path to High Fusion Yield  

SciTech Connect

Z-pinches now constitute the most energetic and powerful sources of x-rays available by a large margin. The Z accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories has produced 1.8 MJ of x-ray energy, 280 TW of power, and hohlraum temperatures of 200 eV. These advances are being applied to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments on Z. The requirements for high fusion yield are exemplified in the target to be driven by the X-1 accelerator. X-1 will drive two z-pinches, each producing 7 MJ of x-ray energy and about 1000 TW of x-ray power. Together, these radiation sources will heat a hohlraum containing the 4-mm diameter ICF capsule to a temperature exceeding 225 eV for about 10 ns, with the pulse shape required to drive the capsule to high fusion yield, in the range of 200--1000 MJ. Since X-1 consists of two identical accelerators, it is possible to mitigate the technical risk of high yield by constructing one accelerator. This accelerator, ZX, will bridge the gap from Z to X-1 by driving an integrated target experiment with a very efficient energy source, ZX will also provide experimental condition that the full specifications of the X-1 accelerator for high yield are achievable, and that a realistic path to high fission yield exists.

COOK, DONALD L.

1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

143

Caldwell Ranch: Innovative Exploration Technologies Yield Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of a ranch in the mountains. As part of a geothermal exploration effort to search for geothermal resources nationwide, a 5 million U.S. Department of Energy investment to...

144

Northern California: Innovative Exploration Technologies Yield...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

22, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis As part of a geothermal exploration effort to search for geothermal resources nationwide, a 5 million U.S. Department of Energy investment to...

145

Effect of row spacing on yield and yield components of winter wheat cultivars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

01' CONTEN1'S CHAPTER I, INI'RODUCT ION Page I I. L I'1'ERAT URE REV IEW III. M "ZERIALS AND i&TIIODS IV. RESULTS 13 Grain Yield Culms per m 2 Seed pe- Spike Weight per 500 Seed Plant Neight Spikelets per Spike 15 15 23 Test Weight V... 01' CONTEN1'S CHAPTER I, INI'RODUCT ION Page I I. L I'1'ERAT URE REV IEW III. M "ZERIALS AND i&TIIODS IV. RESULTS 13 Grain Yield Culms per m 2 Seed pe- Spike Weight per 500 Seed Plant Neight Spikelets per Spike 15 15 23 Test Weight V...

Peters, Ross Jay

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

146

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0 psi. ~Butanol is an alcohol that can be but does not have to be blended with fossil fuels. ~Butanol existing pipelines and filling stations. ~Hydrogen generated during the butanol fermentation process is expected to increase dramatically if green butanol can be produced economically from low cost biomass

Toohey, Darin W.

147

CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties  

SciTech Connect

IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTIs solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Value of Irrigation Water with Alternative Input Prices, Product Prices and Yield Levels: Texas High Plains and Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

risen to record levels; because of the energy crisis and the rapid rate of inflation, prices of fertilizer and fuel have at least doubled, and the price of other farm inputs have risen substantially. These price changes, in absolute and relative terms...

Lacewell, R. D.; Sprott, J. M.; Beattie, B. R.

149

Conserve Energy by Optimizing Air Compressor System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the plant would have to substantially increase the product shipments. This is not always possible; however, conserving energy is nearly always possible. How should one begin an energy conservation program within a major Industrial Plant? The same as any...

Williams, V. A.

150

Renewable Energy Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Technologies Renewable Energy Technologies Below are resources for Tribes on renewable energy technologies. Developing Clean Energy Projects on Tribal Lands: Data and Resources for Tribes Provides a summary of updated estimates of renewable energy potential on Indian lands, DOE Office of Indian Energy tools and resources, and helpful infromation about project development. Source: DOE Office of Indian Energy. Geospatial Analysis of Renewable Energy Technical Potential on Tribal Lands In-depth report on analysis completed by the DOE Office of Indian Energy and by DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which used geospatial methodology to update and substantiate the estimated renewable energy technical potential on tribal lands.This technical report uses an

151

Odd-even systematics in neutron fission yields of U233 and U235  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of the distribution of independent yields in neutron induced fission of U233 and U235 revealed a constant enhancement of products with an even number of protons, relative to those with an odd number. This odd-even effect in the proton pairing, related to calculated "normal" yields of elements in fission, constitutes a sawtooth structure with an amplitude of (227)% for both U233 and U235 thermal neutron induced fission. The residual neutron pairing effect evident after the emission of prompt neutrons, while it is insignificant (thermal neutron fission products. Its average magnitude is about (85)% relative to the "normal" distribution of isotonic yields. In the fission of U235 with fission spectrum neutrons, the proton pairing effect drops to (84)%. The odd-even effect is discussed in view of the various mass splits, the excitation energy and potential energy surfaces in the descent from the saddle to the scission configuration.NUCLEAR REACTIONS, FISSION U235(nth,f), U233(nth,f), and U235(nfast,f). Reevaluation of independent fission yields, deduced odd-even yield systematics.

S. Amiel and H. Feldstein

1975-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work for telecommunication services. For optical signal proc- essing, a variety of approaches are available for implementing

Wu, Shin-Tson

153

Energy Demand and the Environmental Effects of CSF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Greece the demand for energy is a substantial element in the analysis... energy is a crucial determinant of production costs. Thus, energy prices play a key role in assessing.....

Nicos Christodoulakis; Sarantis Kalyvitis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A remotely operated, autonomous wave energy converter system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential for electric energy generation from ocean waves is substantial and much research is being conducted on the conversion process as a renewable, grid-connected, (more)

Lewis, Timothy M. (Timothy Michael)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Weather-based forecasts of California crop yields  

SciTech Connect

Crop yield forecasts provide useful information to a range of users. Yields for several crops in California are currently forecast based on field surveys and farmer interviews, while for many crops official forecasts do not exist. As broad-scale crop yields are largely dependent on weather, measurements from existing meteorological stations have the potential to provide a reliable, timely, and cost-effective means to anticipate crop yields. We developed weather-based models of state-wide yields for 12 major California crops (wine grapes, lettuce, almonds, strawberries, table grapes, hay, oranges, cotton, tomatoes, walnuts, avocados, and pistachios), and tested their accuracy using cross-validation over the 1980-2003 period. Many crops were forecast with high accuracy, as judged by the percent of yield variation explained by the forecast, the number of yields with correctly predicted direction of yield change, or the number of yields with correctly predicted extreme yields. The most successfully modeled crop was almonds, with 81% of yield variance captured by the forecast. Predictions for most crops relied on weather measurements well before harvest time, allowing for lead times that were longer than existing procedures in many cases.

Lobell, D B; Cahill, K N; Field, C B

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 2, 2013 July 2, 2013 Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution As part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan, DOE announced today a draft loan guarantee solicitation for innovative and advanced fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. July 1, 2013 Statement to the IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security Secretary Moniz speaks to IAEA on nuclear security in Vienna, Austria. July 1, 2013 Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels The Energy Department announced four research and development projects to bring next generation biofuels on line faster and drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel and jet fuels from biomass.

157

Improving peppermint essential oil yield and composition by metabolic engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...composition trends observed in greenhouse-grown lines were substantiated in field trials...Sunshine Mix LC1, SunGro Horticulture) in a greenhouse with supplemental lighting from sodium vapor lights...14). Field Trials. Greenhouse-grown peppermint plantlets...

Bernd Markus Lange; Soheil Seyed Mahmoud; Mark R. Wildung; Glenn W. Turner; Edward M. Davis; Iris Lange; Raymond C. Baker; Rick A. Boydston; Rodney B. Croteau

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams November 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $30.6 million in Recovery Act funding for the selection of seven hydropower projects that modernize hydropower infrastructure by increasing efficiency and reducing environmental impacts at existing facilities. The expanded hydro generation projects have estimated incremental costs of less than 4 cents per kWh on average. The selections announced today will deploy innovative technologies such as high-efficiency, fish-friendly turbines, improved water intakes, and

159

Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy content, and liquid fuel yields from cultivation of cellulosic cropsenergy content, and liquid fuel yields from cultivation of cellulosic crops

Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Light clusters production as a probe to nuclear symmetry energy RID A-2398-2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the yields and the energy spectra of these light clusters are affected significantly by the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy, with a stiffer symmetry energy giving a larger yield....

Chen, LW; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Ba.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2010 3, 2010 Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings One company is actually recycling energy that has already been used to power manufacturing plants, which is helping facilities cut their energy expenses by up to 20 percent. April 23, 2010 Franz Bakery: Model for Sustainability What a Portland bakery did to earn an Energy Champion Award. April 23, 2010 Lab Helps FAA Build Energy-Efficient Control Towers With help from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and its subcontractor, Redhorse Corporation, the agency that keeps our country's airports running is bolstering its energy efficiency. April 23, 2010 Students, Professors Demonstrating Virginia's Potential Peter enjoys solving complex problems, including one thing he sees as an urgent situation that is vastly important - energy creation.

162

Efficient vlsi yield prediction with consideration of partial correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 47 x LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Variations in CMP Process for Cu Interconnects : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2 Initial Setup - A Chip Consisting of a Number of Equally Sized Tiles 7 3 Perfect Correlation Circles used to Reduce the Number of Vari- ables... in Yield Computation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 9 4 Flowchart Describing the Procedure for Computing High Yield using the PCC Approach : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 10 5 Systematic and Random Variations in CMP Yield...

Varadan, Sridhar

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

B{yields}{pi}K puzzle and new physics  

SciTech Connect

The present B{yields}{pi}K data is studied in the context of the standard model (SM) and with new physics (NP). We confirm that the SM has difficulties explaining the B{yields}{pi}K measurements. By adopting an effective-lagrangian parametrization of NP effects, we are able to rule out several classes of NP. Our model-independent analysis shows that the B{yields}{pi}K data can be accommodated by NP in the electroweak penguin sector.

Baek, Seungwon; Hamel, Philippe; London, David; Datta, Alakabha; Suprun, Denis A. [Laboratoire Rene J.-A. Levesque, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, succ. centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A7 (Canada); Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA, 11973 (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Researchers at Berkeley Lab have been exploring the ways coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) is generated in...

165

2D monolayers could yield thinnest solar cells ever  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have shown how using a different type of material could yield thinner, more lightweight solar panels that provide power densities - watts per kilogram of material - orders of...

166

Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst | The Ames...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst Researchers systematically blocked key chemical reaction pathways to get unambiguous information about how carbon-nitrogen bonds...

167

Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators94720, USA Europium-doped strontium and barium iodide areis still chal lenging. Strontium and barium iodide doped

Cherepy, Nerine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

sup 1 sup 0 B nucleus fragment yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Without any free parameters, yields of boron projectile fragments have been received from calculations of a model of the cold fragmentation process

Lepekhin, F G

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

world.gif (5615 bytes) world.gif (5615 bytes) The IEO99 projections indicate substantial growth in world energy use,including substantial increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Resource availability is not expected to limit the growth of energy markets. In 1998, expectations for economic growth and energy market performance in many areas of the world were dashed. The Asian economic crisis proved to be deeper and more persistent than originally anticipated, and the threat and reality of spillover effects grew through the year. Oil prices crashed. Russia’s economy collapsed. Economic and social problems intensified in energy- exporting countries and in emerging economies of Asia and South America. Deepening recession in Japan made recovery more difficult in Asia

170

#LabChat Recap: What is Dark Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Dark Energy #LabChat on Oct. 25 yielded a lively discussion with three physicists about inflation, super symmetry, black holes and, of course, dark energy.

171

The Effect of Sulphur on Yield of Certain Crops.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These small differences in sld are not regarded as significant. Sulphur did not increase the yield corn, ~vhich would indicate that the Lake Charles soils are not at ?sent deficient in sulphur. Table 8. Yield per acre of corn and cowpeas in experiment...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Airline price discrimination: A practice of yield management or customer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airline price discrimination: A practice of yield management or customer profiling? Rasha H.h.j.dierckx@student.utwente.nl ABSTRACT Prices of airline tickets frequently change, which is traditionally caused by yield management as price discrimination practice. In more recent times however, customer information is easily obtainable

Twente, Universiteit

173

LIGHT-INDUCED CHANGES IN THE FLUORESCENCE YIELD OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIGHT-INDUCED CHANGES IN THE FLUORESCENCE YIELD OF CHLOROPHYLL a IN VIVO II. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA in Chlorella pyrenoidosa consists of a fast rise of the fluorescence yield from the level S (of the first wave photophosphorylation. INTRODUCTION The long-term fluorescence induction in Chlorella pyrenoidosa (second wave

Govindjee

174

L-Shell Fluorescence Yields of Pt, Tl, and Pb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partial L-shell fluorescence yields for three heavy elements have been measured using an x-ray coincidence counting method. Vacancies in the K shell of the atom are produced either by K-electron capture or internal conversion of a nuclear gamma ray in the K shell. The coincidence rate between the K and L x rays observed after the creation of the K vacancy determines the partial fluorescence yield, ?KL. This quantity is defined as the fluorescence yield of those vacancies in the L shell created by K?1 and K?2 x-ray emission. In some cases, it was also possible to determine the partial fluorescence yield, ?LL of the L shell following L-electron capture. The results obtained are in reasonable agreement with previous measurements. The relationship between ?KL, ?LL, and the fluorescence yields of individual L subshells is discussed.

R. C. Jopson; Hans Mark; C. D. Swift

1962-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Net Metering In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric cooperatives in Massachusetts.) October 16, 2013 Municipal Energy Reduction Fund In March 2010, the New Hampshire Community Development Finance Authority (CDFA) launched a revolving loan program to encourage the state's municipal governments to invest in energy efficiency and alternative energy. A wide variety of energy-efficiency measures and alternative energy technologies are eligible, and the program is customizable, based on a municipality's needs. Loans are typically structured so that payments are made with money yielded by energy savings. October 16, 2013

176

Dynamic and rate-dependent yielding in model cohesive suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental system has been found recently, a coagulated CaCO3 suspension, that shows very different yield behaviour depending upon how it is tested and at what rate it is strained. At P\\'eclet number Pe > 1 it behaves as a simple Herschel Bulkley liquid, whereas at Pe testing it shows hysteresis and shear-banding and in the usual type of sweep used to measure flow curves in controlled stress mode routinely, it shows very erratic and irreproducible behaviour. All of these features can be attributed to a dependence of yield stress on rate of strain. Stress growth curves obtained from step strain-rate testing showed that the rate-dependence of the yield stress was a consequence of rate-dependent strain-softening. At very low Pe yield was cooperative and the yield strain was order-one, whereas as the Pe approached unity, the yield strain reduced to that needed to break interparticle bonds and the yield stress decayed to a minimal value. For example, at 40%v/v it dropped from ca. 200 Pa to testing by a range of means and along lines suggested.

Richard Buscall; Peter J Scales; Anthony D Stickland; Hui-En Teo; Tiara E Kusuma; Daniel R Lester

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Yields of neutron-rich nuclei by actinide photofission in giant dipole resonance region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photofission of actinides is studied in the region of nuclear excitation energies that covers the entire giant dipole resonance (GDR) region. A comparative analysis of the behavior of the symmetric and asymmetric modes of photon induced fission as a function of the average excitation energy of the fissioning nucleus is performed. The mass distributions of $^{238}$U photofission fragments are obtained at the endpoint bremsstrahlung energy of 29.1 MeV which corresponds to mean photon energy of 13.7$\\pm$0.3 MeV that coincides with GDR peak for $^{238}$U photofission. The integrated yield of $^{238}$U photofission as well as charge distribution of photofission products are calculated and its role in the production of neutron-rich nuclei and their exoticity is explored.

Bhowmick, Debasis; Basu, D N; Chakrabarti, Alok

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Three-dimensional anisotropic yield condition for Green River shale  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional, traversely isotropic yield condition is combined with a plane of weakness to describe the initial yield limit for Green River Shale. This theory is compared to experimental results for two different qualities of oil shale, including true three-dimensional tri-axial stress tests. It is interesting to note that a decrease in the anisotropy of the material with increasing mean stress is predicted by the yield condition and is borne out by the experimental results. For large confining stresses, the material ceases to fail preferentially along the plane of weakness.

Smith, M.B. (Amoco Production Research, Tulsa, OK); Cheatham, J.B. Jr.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Corporate Energy Management: A Survey of Large Manufacturing Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corporate practices regarding energy management vary substantially from one company to another. Some companies pay close attention to energy use throughout the corporation while others pay scant attention. This paper first describes what we call...

Norland, D. L.; Lind, L.

180

Business Growth with Energy Reduction Made Possible Through Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Most of the savings to date have been made by improving buildings operations; however, substantial and growing savings have accrued from the introduction of energy-lean technologies in new network electronic systems. The energy consumption of power...

Osifchin, N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Reaction {pi}N {yields} {pi}{pi}N near threshold  

SciTech Connect

The LAMPF E1179 experiment used the {pi}{sup 0} spectrometer and an array of charged particle range counters to detect and record {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}, {pi}{sup 0}p, and {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}p coincidences following the reaction {pi}{sup +}p {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}p near threshold. The total cross sections for single pion production were measured at the incident pion kinetic energies 190, 200, 220, 240, and 260 MeV. Absolute normalizations were fixed by measuring {pi}{sup +}p elastic scattering at 260 MeV. A detailed analysis of the {pi}{sup 0} detection efficiency was performed using cosmic ray calibrations and pion single charge exchange measurements with a 30 MeV {pi}{sup {minus}} beam. All published data on {pi}N {yields} {pi}{pi}N, including our results, are simultaneously fitted to yield a common chiral symmetry breaking parameter {xi} ={minus}0.25{plus_minus}0.10. The threshold matrix element {vert_bar}{alpha}{sub 0}({pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}p){vert_bar} determined by linear extrapolation yields the value of the s-wave isospin-2 {pi}{pi} scattering length {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}({pi}{pi}) = {minus}0.041{plus_minus}0.003 m{sub {pi}}{sup {minus}1}, within the framework of soft-pion theory.

Frlez, E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ChemCam laser first analyses ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results The laser instrument has fired nearly 500 shots so far that have produced strong, clear data about...

183

Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Interstitial Redundancy FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis cumbersome equipment with minia- turized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

184

Calculated secondary yields for proton broadband using DECAY TURTLE  

SciTech Connect

The calculations for the yields were done by Al Sondgeroth and Anthony Malensek. The authors used the DECAY deck called PBSEC{_}E.DAT from the CMS DECKS library. After obtaining the run modes and calibration modes from the liaison physicist, they made individual decay runs, using DECAY TURTLE from the CMS libraries and a production spectrum subroutine which was modified by Anthony, for each particle and decay mode for all particle types coming out of the target box. Results were weighted according to branching ratios for particles with more than one decay mode. The production spectra were produced assuming beryllium as the target. The optional deuterium target available to broadband will produce slightly higher yields. It should be noted that they did not include pion yields from klong decays because they could not simulate three body decays. Pions from klongs would add a very small fraction to the total yield.

Sondgeroth, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Cultivating corn in clumps increases water efficiency, yield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-tional rows increases water use efficiency and corn yield. Researchers are Dr. B.A. Stewart and graduate student Mohankumar Kapan-igowda of West Texas A&M University in Canyon, and Drs. Terry Howell, Louis Baumhardt, and Paul Colaizzi of the Conservation... have discovered that corn grown in clumps (left) rather than in traditional rows (right) increases water use efficiency and corn yield. ...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The {alpha}-induced thick-target {gamma}-ray yield from light elements  

SciTech Connect

The {alpha}-induced thick-target {gamma}-ray yield from light elements has been measured in the energy range 5.6 MeV {le} E{sub {alpha}} {le} 10 MeV. The {gamma}-ray yield for > 2.1 MeV from thick targets of beryllium, boron nitride, sodium fluoride, magnesium, aluminum and silicon were measured using the {alpha}-particle beam from the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories 88 in. cyclotron. The elemental yields from this experiment were used to construct the {alpha}-induced direct production {gamma}-ray spectrum from materials in the SNO detector, a large volume ultra-low background neutrino detector located in the Creighton mine near Sudbury, Canada. This background source was an order of magnitude lower than predicted by previous calculations. These measurements are in good agreement with theoretical calculations of this spectrum based on a statistical nuclear model of the reaction, with the gross high energy spectrum structure being reproduced to within a factor of two. Detailed comparison of experimental and theoretical excitation population distribution of several residual nuclei indicate the same level of agreement within experimental uncertainties.

Heaton, R.K. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics; [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Short Term Energy Outlook, January 2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. The oil market is vulnerable to a number of forces that could cause substantial price volatility over the...

188

Energy Use and Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy, as the basic element supporting economic growth, is essential for the survival and development of modern society. During the past few decades, the global economy has witnessed substantial growth. In th...

Yiming Wei; Gang Wu; Hua Liao; Haibo Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Determination of Baselines for Evaluation and Promotion of Energy Efficiency in Wastewater Treatment Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wastewater treatment plants are one of the largest energy consumers managed by the public sector. As plants expand in the future to accommodate population growth, energy requirements will substantially increase. Thus, implementation of energy...

Chow, S. A.; Ganji, A. R.; Fok, S.

190

Industry trends indicate need to optimize propylene yield will grow  

SciTech Connect

Most new steam crackers will be based mainly on ethane feed. Therefore, it can be expected that the propylene price will approach the ethylene transfer price, particularly in Europe. Consequently, existing crackers using propane and heavier feedstocks will have to operate at lower severity to optimize the propylene yield. The most convenient way to control the P/E product ratio is the coil outlet temperature. Propylene yield is rather insensitive to hydrocarbon partial pressure (steam dilution and outlet pressure). It is also rather insensitive to the residence time of the cracking process. Operation at low steam dilution will be more economical when operating at low severity. Low-residence-time cracking saves on feed. However, feed savings are less for low severity than for high severity. The new, nontubular pyrolysis processes are no panacea for increasing the propylene yield. In certain cases, revamping to improve the propylene yield may be feasible. Normal paraffins give better ethylene yield than iso-paraffins and naphthenes. However, low-carbon-number iso-paraffins and also certain naphthenes have a very high propylene yield. In Europe, and to a lesser extent in Japan, virgin naphtha feedstocks will be replaced by reformer raffinates, naphthas without heartcut, etc. As more different feedstocks become available, the characterization and evaluation of feedstocks, together with process optimization using sophisticated tools, will become more important.

Mol, A.

1983-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

Nuclear Energy: Promise or Peril?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This book represents the outcome of a Peer Review Workshop of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs on `The Prospects of Nuclear Energy' held in Paris in December 1998. It is intended to address, in a manner accessible to the non-expert, the contribution that electricity production from nuclear power might make to resolving the dilemma in which an increasing demand for energy to fuel global economic development confronts an energy production policy that has not, as yet, fully taken into account the impacts on the environment and the depletion of the reserves of non-renewable (both fossil and nuclear) fuels. It is accepted that nuclear energy has both negative (e.g. the production of long-lived radioactive wastes and a potential for weapons proliferation) and positive (e.g. a relatively minor contribution to the problem of global warming) aspects. The influences of these factors on the potential of nuclear energy to continue to contribute to the global energy production mix are explored in detail. During the two days of the conference, each of the chapters was exposed to critical discussion by all of the authors contributing to the book, as well as a smaller independent group of scientists and others from a range of relevant disciplines. It is in this sense that the material presented is said to be `peer reviewed', a process that is probably at least as valid as that for a journal article. The text comprises an introductory preface, 18 substantive chapters, a brief summary by the editors, a short, but useful, appendix of technical notes and units, an (obligatory) summary of abbreviations and acronyms, a listing of the affiliations of the conference participants and a comprehensive index. The first chapter provides a simple introduction to the basics of nuclear energy, reactor systems and their radionuclide inventories, the health hazards of radiation and a brief indication of possible future developments (expanded by others in later chapters). It also summarises the current status of the global nuclear programme for electricity production in the context of the costs of the present and future uranium supply requirements, and the economic considerations that will influence the acceptability of this power source. The next two chapters discuss, respectively, the role of nuclear energy in preventing climate change, and the inter-relationship between global energy use and climate change in this century. The conclusion is that the predicted increase in world energy demand (a six-fold rise, fuelled by population growth and the fulfilment of development objectives) cannot be met by carbon-free sources, and that these - including the nuclear option - require substantial investment in R and D to yield their full potential in an environmentally and socially acceptable way. It is noted that the developed world will probably be able to increase gross national product with little, if any, increase in energy consumption through improvements in energy efficiency - the subject of the next chapter. This is, however, concerned with more than just improving the output per unit energy input. It is firmly concluded that the risks inherent in applying the successful, but energy-rich, approach of the present developed nations to the remainder of the developing world are unacceptable. The author, therefore, envisages a decoupling of economic growth from energy consumption, and a parallel application of intelligence and effort towards achieving desired development goals within a scenario of decreasing energy utilisation, i.e. the engineering of substantial policy and cultural change. Chapters 5 and 6 examine the possible role of nuclear power in the economic advancement of the developing countries; both authors are in agreement that this energy source will be required to supply a proportion of the variable electricity demand that will differ between countries. The following, very short chapter of just 4 pages makes some observations on the safety of nuclear power. In the context of the objectives of this book, a more substantial offe

D S Woodhead

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds in biological leachate treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds that microorganisms must satisfy their maintenance energy requirements prior to synthesizing new biomass, a set on the excess biomass production. Decreasing the supply of substrate per unit biomass resulted in gradual

Bae, Jin-Woo

193

Scaling Laws of Nitrogen Soft X-ray Yields from 1 to 200kJ Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical experiments are carried out systematically to determine the nitrogen soft X-ray yield for optimized nitrogen plasma focus with storage energy E0 from 1 to 200kJ. Scaling laws on nitrogen soft X-ray yie...

M. Akel; S. Lee

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

U.S. Department of Energy Increases Access to Results of DOE...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to capitalize on our substantial research and development investments," said Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz. "These new policies set the stage for increased innovation,...

195

Fueling and Feeding America Through Renewable Resources The Wind Energy Ordinance Process for Local Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of wind energy has become a viable and substantial strategy for expanding renewable electricity production in the Midwest, and more so recently throughout Indiana. The

Chad Martin; Klein Ileleji; Jimmy Bricker

196

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources The Wind Energy Ordinance Process for Local Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of wind energy has become a viable and substantial strategy for expanding renewable electricity production in the Midwest, and more so recently throughout Indiana. The

Chad Martin; Klein Ileleji; Jimmy Bricker

197

Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield Hydrogen (H2) Production from Biodegradable Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield H Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield H 2 Production from Biodegradable Materials Zhiyong "Jason" Ren, Ph.D Associate Professor, Environmental and Sustainability Engineering University of Colorado Boulder Jason.Ren@colorado.edu (303) 492-4137 http://spot.colorado.edu/~zhre0706/ MxC or Microbial Electrochemical System (MES) is a platform technology for energy and resource recovery Main type of MXC Products Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Electricity Microbial Electrolysis Cell (MEC) H 2 , H 2 O 2 , NaOH, Struvite Microbial Chemical Cell (MCC) CH 4 , C 2 H 4 O 2 , Organics Microbial Remediation Cell (MRC) Reduced/non-toxic chemicals Microbial Desalination Cell (MDC) Desalinated water >90% H 2 MEC for H 2 Recovery PS e - e - Wang and Ren, Biotechnol. Adv. 2013

198

Can minimum-bias distributions on transverse energy test hadron production models?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent study reports measurements of transverse-energy $E_t$ distributions at mid-rapidity for several high-energy nuclear collision systems. The $E_t$ data are analyzed in the context of constituent-quark (CQ) participants estimated with a Glauber-model simulation. The study concludes that systematic variations of hadron and $E_t$ yields previously interpreted in terms of a two-component soft+hard model (TCM) of hadron production including a dijet (hard) contribution are actually the result of CQ participant trends with only soft production. It is claimed that deviations from linear scaling with the number of nucleon participants of hadron yields vs A-A centrality do not actually arise from dijet production as previously assumed. In the present study we examine the new $E_t$ data in the context of the TCM and compare those results with previous differential spectrum and minimum-bias correlation analysis. We present substantial evidence supporting a significant dijet contribution to all high-energy nuclear collisions consistent with the TCM and conclude that the $E_t$ data, given their systematic uncertainties, fail to support claimed CQ model interpretations.

Thomas A. Trainor

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Stress localization, stiffening and yielding in a model colloidal gel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use numerical simulations and an athermal quasi-static shear protocol to investigate the yielding of a model colloidal gel. Under increasing deformation, the elastic regime is followed by a significant stiffening before yielding takes place. A space-resolved analysis of deformations and stresses unravel how the complex load curve observed is the result of stress localization and that the yielding can take place by breaking a very small fraction of the network connections. The stiffening corresponds to the stretching of the network chains, unbent and aligned along the direction of maximum extension. It is characterized by a strong localization of tensile stresses, that triggers the breaking of a few network nodes at around 30% of strain. Increasing deformation favors further breaking but also shear-induced bonding, eventually leading to a large-scale reorganization of the gel structure at the yielding. At low enough shear rates, density and velocity profiles display significant spatial inhomogeneity during yielding in agreement with experimental observations.

Jader Colombo; Emanuela Del Gado

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

Switchgrass as a High-Potential Energy Crop | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Biomass Program Peer Review Sustainability Platform Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops Bioenergy Home About...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances November 9, 2011 - 12:01pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10

202

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances November 9, 2011 - 12:01pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of

203

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results Low Background Radiation Experiment Yields Interesting Preliminary Results May 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Deb Gill U.S. DOE Carlsbad Field Office (575) 234-7270 CARLSBAD, N.M. - New Mexico State University"s Low Background Radiation Experiment (LBRE), which takes place 2,150 feet below the earth"s surface at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, recently released some results about the project"s first two years of experimentation. The March 2011 edition of Health Physics printed an article titled "Exploring Biological Effects of Low Level Radiation from the Other Side of Background," summarizing some initial data taken from LBRE and from a sister experiment conducted at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute

204

Energy-related inventions program invention 637. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The final technical report for the Pegasus plow, a stalk and root embedding apparatus, describes progress from the development stage to the product support stage. The US Department of Agriculture - Agriculture Research Service (ARS) is now in the second year of a three year study comparing the Pegasus to conventional tillage. So far, no downside has been with the Pegasus and the following benefits have been documented: (1) Energy savings of 65.0 kilowatt hours per hectare over conventional tillage. This is when the Pegasus plow is used to bury whole stalks, and represents a 70% savings over conventional tillage (92.5 kilowatt hours per hectare). (2) Four to seven fewer passes of tillage, depending on the particular situation. This represents a substantial time savings to farmers. (3) So far, no differences in cotton yields. Recent cotton boll counts in one study indicate a higher yield potential with the Pegasus. (4) No disease problems. (5) Significantly higher levels of organic matter in the soil. A hypothesis of the study is that whole stalk burial may reduce plant disease problems. This hypothesis has not yet been proven. (6) Significantly higher levels of nitrate nitrogen. Total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen trended higher but were not significantly different. This shows that whole stalk burial does not adversely affect the nitrogen cycle in the soil and may actually improve it. The marketing support stage of the project is also described in the report.

NONE

1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

205

A Western Perspective on Energy: A Plea for Rational Energy Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...optimum use of substantial portions ofthe...suggest some changes in it. This...2. Draft EIS-The Energy...500 Kilovolt Transmission Lines and Asso-ciated...500 Kilovolt Transmission Lines and Associated...

Bill Christiansen; Theodore H. Clack Jr.

1976-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

206

ENERGY | Hydrogen Economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The growing concerns about global climate change, local pollution, and availability and security of energy supply have drawn the larger public attention, well outside the frontiers of the research community. A large debate has been considering the potential benefits of a hydrogen economy with low- or carbon-free primary energy sources. The attractive potential of hydrogen is countered by uncertainties about the development and the economics of the implied key enabling technologies, such as renewable energy sources, advanced production processes, fuel cells (FCs), novel storage technologies, safety, and a brand new or a substantially modified infrastructure. A paradigm shift to a hydrogen economy will surely require substantial research and development (R&D) breakthroughs on critical technologies with a lengthy transitional approach.

M. Conte; M. Ronchetti

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Fission fizzles: Estimating the yield of a predetonated nuclear weapon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An undergraduate-level model is developed for estimating the fraction of the design yield that can be realized if a uranium or a plutonium fission bomb suffers an uncontrolled predetonation due to a spontaneous fission of the fissile material. The model is based on the combination of one published earlier for the predetonation probability and a yield model developed by Mark et al. [Explosive properties of reactor-grade plutonium Sci. Global Secur.17 (2) 170185 (2009); a reprint of the same paper published in Sci. Global Secur.4 (1) 111128 (1993)].

B. Cameron Reed

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Bushland Management For Water Yield: Prospects for Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 no.1569 LIBRARY :JUNo 91987 I 1 Texas A&M University Brushland Management for Water Yield: Prospects for Texas THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P. Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System.../College Station, Texas B-1569 May 1987 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] BRUSHLAND MANAGEMENT FOR WATER YIELD: PROSPECTS FOR TEXAS Bruce A. McCarl Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald C. Griffin Associate Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald A...

McCarl, Bruce A.; Griffin, Ronald C.; Kaiser, Ronald A.; Freeman, Lansingh S.; Blackburn, Wilbert H.; Jordan, Wayne R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Effect of methionine consumption on egg component yield and composition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production Weight (%) . 30 . 33 . 37 . 40 (g/HD') 107' 106cb 105ab 104" (mg/HD) 328' 354' 392' 423' (%) 77. 5' 77. 7' 78 7' 78. 3' (g) 63. 3" 63. 0' 63. 0' 63, 1' x ~ SEIvf 106 b 19 374 + 77 78. 1 + 7. 7 63. 1 ~ 4. 6 '"~Means within... are identified by these mg/HD intake levels. Yield of albumen and yolk were not significantly different among treatments on either a mass or percentage basis (Table 4). Shell component yield was not significantly different among treatments. Significant...

Shafer, Daniel John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

Measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon at 80 and 233 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy calibration of nuclear recoil detectors is of primary importance to rare-event experiments such as those of direct dark matter search and coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering. In particular, such a calibration is performed by measuring the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid Ar and Xe detection media, using neutron elastic scattering off nuclei. In the present work, the ionization yield for nuclear recoils in liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the higher energy range, at 80 and 233 keV, using a two-phase Cryogenic Avalanche Detector (CRAD) and DD neutron generator. The ionization yield in liquid Ar at an electric field of 2.3 kV/cm amounted to 7.8+/-1.1 and 9.7+/-1.3 e-/keV at 80 and 233 keV respectively. The Jaffe model for nuclear recoil-induced ionization, in contrast to that Thomas-Imel, can probably consistently describe the energy dependence of the ionization yield.

A. Bondar; A. Buzulutskov; A. Dolgov; E. Grishnyaev; S. Polosatkin; L. Shekhtman; E. Shemyakina; A. Sokolov

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

211

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation which comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a gas hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound .pi.--.pi. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, John A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation. The method comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound ..pi..-..pi.. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, J.A.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

213

Promoting Offshore Wind Along the "Fresh Coast" | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Promoting Offshore Wind Along the "Fresh Coast" Promoting Offshore Wind Along the "Fresh Coast" Promoting Offshore Wind Along the "Fresh Coast" October 12, 2010 - 12:18pm Addthis Chris Hart Offshore Wind Team Lead, Wind & Water Power Program When people think about offshore wind power, the first location that comes to mind probably isn't Cleveland, Ohio. Most of the offshore wind turbines installed around the world are operating in salt water, like Europe's North Sea and Baltic Sea, and most of the offshore wind projects proposed in U.S. waters are in the Atlantic Ocean or Gulf of Mexico. But the winds blowing above Lake Erie, only a few miles off the shore from Cleveland, represent a huge potential source of clean, renewable energy that could yield substantial benefits for the regional economy and

214

Yields of two-nucleon-out residual products from stopped ?- reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Yields of two-nucleon-out products from stopped ?- reactions in Mg26, Ge74, Mo97, Cd114, Ce142, and Yb174 have been measured by activation techniques. These products result predominantly from pion absorption at the nuclear surface when the absorbing pair of nucleons escapes the nucleus leaving behind very little excitation energy (?8 MeV). The ratios of the yields of the nn-out to the np-out products following stopped ?- absorption increase monotonically from 6.8 for Mg26 to 18.2 for Yb174. The data have been fitted using a pion absorption model that uses separate density distributions for neutrons and protons, and a three to five percent greater root-mean-square radius for neutrons is indicated.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Stopped ?- reactions in enriched targets of Mg26, Ge74, Mo97, Cd114, Ce142, and Yb174. Measured yields of ?A=2 products by activation. Compared results with calculations.

C. J. Orth; B. J. Dropesky; G. C. Giesler; L. -C. Liu; R. S. Rundberg; V. L. Rundberg

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Can distributed generation offer substantial benefits in a Northeastern American context? A case study of small-scale renewable technologies using a life cycle methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable distributed electricity generation can play a significant role in meeting today's energy policy goals, such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving energy security, while adding supply to meet increasing energy demand. However, the exact potential benefits are still a matter of debate. The objective of this study is to evaluate the life cycle implications (environmental, economic and energy) of distributed generation (DG) technologies. A complementary objective is to compare the life cycle implications of DG technologies with the centralized electricity production representing the Northeastern American context. Environmental and energy implications are modeled according to the recommendations in the ISO 14040 standard and this, using different indicators: Human Health; Ecosystem Quality; Climate Change; Resources and Non-Renewable Energy Payback Ratio. Distinctly, economic implications are modeled using conventional life cycle costing. DG technologies include two types of grid-connected photovoltaic panels (3kWp mono-crystalline and poly-crystalline) and three types of micro-wind turbines (1, 10 and 30kW) modeled for average, below average and above average climatic conditions in the province of Quebec (Canada). A sensitivity analysis was also performed using different scenarios of centralized energy systems based on average and marginal (short- and long-term) technology approaches. Results show the following. First, climatic conditions (i.e., geographic location) have a significant effect on the results for the environmental, economic and energy indicators. More specifically, it was shown that the 30kW micro-wind turbine is the best technology for above average conditions, while 3kWp poly-crystalline photovoltaic panels are preferable for below average conditions. Second, the assessed DG technologies do not show benefits in comparison to the centralized Quebec grid mix (average technology approach). On the other hand, the 30kW micro-wind turbine shows a potential benefit as long as the Northeastern American electricity market is considered (i.e., oil and coal centralized technologies are affected for the short- and long-term marginal scenarios, respectively). Photovoltaic panels could also become more competitive if the acquisition cost decreased. In conclusion, DG utilization will represent an improvement over centralized electricity production in a Northeastern American context, with respect to the environmental, energy and economic indicators assessed, and under the appropriate conditions discussed (i.e., geographical locations and affected centralized electricity production scenarios).

Mourad Ben Amor; Pascal Lesage; Pierre-Olivier Pineau; Rjean Samson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Shock Timing and Yield Sensitivity Studies for NIF Ignition Capsules  

SciTech Connect

A cryogenic, {beta}-layered NIF ignition capsule with a beryllium ablator that employs a BeO dopant (2% O) for opacity control is described. The design has an optimized yield of 12 MJ and uses a reduced drive hohlraum temperature pulse shape that peaks at {approx} 250 eV. Shock timing sensitivity calculations have been performed for this capsule design. Individual uncertainties of: (1) {approx}200 ps in the timing of the foot pulse; (2) {approx}5% in the x-ray flux of the foot pulse and first step; (3) {approx}10% in the ablator EOS; or (4) {approx} 5 {micro}m in the DT ice layer thickness each have a significant impact on thermonuclear yield. Combined uncertainties have greater impact than isolated, individual issues. For example, a combination of uncertainties of 200 ps in the foot + 2 eV in the foot + 5 {micro}m in the DT thickness results in a calculation that produces only {approx} 1% of the original design yield. A second, more speculative, capsule concept utilizing a liquid DT ablator is also discussed. This design produces a 5 MJ yield in a 250 eV peak drive calculation.

OLSON,RICHARD E.

1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

217

Climate Variability and Corn Yields in Semiarid Cear, Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding of climate influence on crop yields can help in the design of policies to reduce climate-related vulnerability in many parts of the world, including the target of this case studythe state of Cear, Brazil. The study has examined ...

Liqiang Sun; Huilan Li; M. Neil Ward; David F. Moncunill

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Government, Industry Efforts Yield Array Of Tools To Combat Terrorism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government, Industry Efforts Yield Array Of Tools To Combat Terrorism ... The blast, the deadliest terrorist attack ever on U.S. soil, has riveted the nation in a way quite different from other acts of terrorism, such as the destruction of Pan Am flight 103 over Scotland in 1988 and the bombing of New York City's World Trade Center in 1993. ...

A. MAUREEN ROUHI

1995-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

219

Femoral neck fracture prediction by anisotropic yield criteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Femoral neck fracture prediction by anisotropic yield criteria M. Tellache a , b , M. Pithioux and increases its porosity. Hip fractures are the more recurrent consequences of osteoporosis, and are the cause of morbidity and increase the rate of mortality. The fracture risk due to osteoporosis, is undertaken with Dual

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

Primer Notes 1. Primer yield and concentration (approximate )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in sequencing or PCR reactions. Thus, it will be necessary to dilute the primer stock solution before use. Keep Example: 10 OD260 units of a 20-mer in 1 ml 57 nmol/ml 57 µM 57 pmol/µl Primer yield and concentration

Aris, John P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© 2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield proteins during host­6 probably influences the genetic and functional diversity of both. For example, photosynthesis genes period. We also show that the expression of host photosynthesis genes declines over the course

Church, George M.

222

Residential Ventilation & Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Residential Ventilation & Energy Figure 1: Annual Average Ventilation Costs of the Current U.S. Single-Family Housing Stock ($/year/house). Infiltration and ventilation in dwellings is conventionally believed to account for one-third to one-half of space conditioning energy. Unfortunately, there is not a great deal of measurement data or analysis to substantiate this assumption. As energy conservation improvements to the thermal envelope continue, the fraction of energy consumed by the conditioning of air may increase. Air-tightening programs, while decreasing energy requirements, have the tendency to decrease ventilation and its associated energy penalty at the possible expense of adequate indoor air quality. Therefore, more energy may be spent on conditioning air.

223

Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Building Energy Technologies NREL's New Energy-Efficient "RSF" Building Buildings provide shelter for nearly everything we do-we work, live, learn, govern, heal, worship, and play in buildings-and they require enormous energy resources. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency, homes and commercial buildings use nearly three quarters of the electricity in the United States. Opportunities abound for reducing the huge amount of energy consumed by buildings, but discovering those opportunities requires compiling substantial amounts of data and information. The Buildings Energy Technologies gateway is your single source of freely accessible information on energy usage in the building industry as well as tools to improve

224

Do yield and quality of big bluestem and switchgrass feedstock decline over winter?  

SciTech Connect

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and big bluestem (Andropogon gerdardii Vitman) are potential perennial bioenergy feedstocks. Feedstock storage limitations, labor constraints for harvest, and environmental benefits provided by perennials are rationales for developing localized perennial feedstock as an alternative or in conjunction with annual feedstocks (i.e., crop residues). Little information is available on yield, mineral, and thermochemical properties of native species as related to harvest time. The studys objectives were to compare the feedstock quantity and quality between grasses harvested in the fall or the following spring. It was hypothesized that biomass yield may decline, but translocation and/or leaching of minerals from the feedstock would improve feedstock quality. Feedstock yield did not differ by crop, harvest time, or their interactions. Both grasses averaged 6.0 Mg ha-1 (fall) and 5.4 Mg ha-1 (spring) with similar high heating value (17.7 MJ kg-1). The K/(Ca + Mg) ratio, used as a quality indicator declined to below a 0.5 threshold, but energy yield (Megajoule per kilogram) decreased 13% by delaying harvest until spring. Only once during the four study-years were conditions ideal for early spring harvest, in contrast during another spring, very muddy conditions resulted in excessive soil contamination. Early spring harvest may be hampered by late snow, lodging, and muddy conditions that may delay or prevent harvest, and result in soil contamination of the feedstock. However, reducing slagging/fouling potential and the mass of mineral nutrients removed from the field without a dramatic loss in biomass or caloric content are reasons to delay harvest until spring.

Jane M.F. Johnson; Garold L. Gresham

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Energy Technologies Division June 8, 2012 Thisand on high-efficiency technology options that are availableknown for their high- end technology, generate substantial

McNeil, Michael A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The concept of new-generation steam turbines for the coal power engineering of Russia. Part 2. Substantiating the long-term strength of the steam turbines high-temperature rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of constructing a K-660-30 two-cylinder steam turbine for ultrasupercritical steam conditions with reheating, the ... is substantiated. It is shown that this turbine can be constructed using the a...

A. G. Kostyuk; V. G. Gribin; A. D. Trukhnii

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Seismic yield determination of Soviet underground nuclear explosions at the Shagan River test site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1986a, Yield estimates of Nevada test site explosions obtained from seismic...Nuttli's method to estimate yield of Nevada test site explosions recorded on Lawrence...magnitude and explosion yield for Nevada Test Site explosions. He also applied......

Frode Ringdal; Peter D. Marshall; Ralph W. Alewine

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The last six weeks have seen substantial progress in several areas: a federal budget that preserved investments in discovery research, committed new resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spoke of the energy and direction emerging from the meeting. an unprecedented mission to Brazil collective work in this area. a Board retreat that considered the progress on AUCC's renewal agenda and new." To those who were with us in Brazil, thank you for helping to make Canada a destination of choice for up

Aamodt, Tor

229

First measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon  

SciTech Connect

Liquid phase argon has long been used as a target medium for particle detection via scintillation light. Recently there has been considerable interest in direct detection of both hypothetical darkmatter particles and coherent elastic neutrino nucleus scattering. These as-yet unobserved neutral particle interactions are expected to result in a recoiling argon atom O(keV), generally referred to in the literature as a nuclear recoil. This prompts the question of the available electromagnetic signal in a liquid argon detector. In this Letter we report the first measurement of the ionization yield (Qy), detected electrons per unit energy, resulting from nuclear recoils in liquid argon, measured at 6.7 keV. This is also the lowest energy measurement of nuclear recoils in liquid argon.

Joshi, T. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sangiorgio, Samuele [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bernstein, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Foxe, Michael P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering; Hagmann, Chris [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Jovanovic, Igor [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering; Kazkaz, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Mozin, Vladimir V. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Norman, E. B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pereverzev, S. V. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Rebassoo, Finn O. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sorensen, Peter F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and High Yield Campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to redirect High Average Power Lasers to be synergistic with NIF ignition and other defense missions #12 · Predicted gains (fusion energy produced/laser energy input) have increased · Direct drive ignition shows) Project has begun · Will add two high-energy petawatt lasers for OMEGA for advanced backlighting and fast-ignition

231

Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MANAGING THE TRANSITION STATE FOR ENERGY STRATEGIC PLANNING a Thomas A. Koehler Eastman Kodak Company Rochester, New York ABSTRACT Corporate energy conservation programs have made substantial gains in reducing energy consumption during... the last decade. The responses to survive the mid-1970's global energy uncertainties were made in a crisis environment. Now, there is a transition from energy conservation to energy strategic planning. Energy engineers and managers need to im prove...

Koehler, T. A.

232

Purple traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer The question of whether or not DOE's forests are infested with Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) has been answered. On May 10, a trap on Highway 95 at the Highway 58 interchange produced the first instance of the destructive non-native insect in Roane County. Five days later, a second trap on Bethel Valley Road near the East Portal turned up the first capture in Anderson County. "Unfortunately, these finds signal the beginning of a decline of ash species throughout the reservation" according to Greg Byrd, forester with the ORNL Natural Resources Program. "Dieback will become more prominent as the insect populations expand. Native ash trees have little defense against this pest, which was

233

Solar Energy Program: Chapter from the Energy and EnvironmentalDivision Annual Report 1980  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy has become a major alternative for supplying a substantial fraction of the nation's future energy needs. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports activities ranging from the demonstration of existing technology to research on future possibilities. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), projects are in progress that span a wide range of activities, with the emphasis on research to extend the scientific basis for solar energy applications, and on preliminary development of new approaches to solar energy conversion. To assess various solar applications, it is important to quantify the solar resource. Special instruments have been developed and are now in use to measure both direct solar radiation and circum-solar radiation, i.e., the radiation from near the sun resulting from the scattering of sunlight by small particles in the atmosphere. These measurements serve to predict the performance of solar designs that use focusing collectors employing mirrors or lenses to concentrate the sunlight. Efforts have continued at a low level to assist DOE in demonstrating existing solar technology by providing the San Francisco Operations Office (SAN) with technical support for its management of commercial-building solar demonstration projects. Also, a hot water and space-heating system has been installed on an LBL building as part of the DOE facilities Solar Demonstration Program. LBL continues to provide support for the DOE Appropriate Energy Technology grants program. Evaluations are made of the program's effectiveness by, for example, estimating the resulting potential energy savings. LBL also documents innovative features and improvements in economic feasibility as compared to existing conventional systems or applications. In the near future, we expect that LBL research will have a substantial impact in the areas of solar heating and cooling. Conventional and new types of high-performance absorption air conditioners are being developed that are air-cooled and suitable for use with flat plate or higher-temperature collectors. Operation of the controls test facility and computer modeling of collector loop and building load dynamics are yielding quantitative evaluations of the performance of different control strategies for active solar-heating systems. Research is continuing on ''passive'' approaches to solar heating and cooling, where careful considerations of architectural design, construction materials, and the environment are used to moderate a building's interior climate. Computer models of passive concepts are being developed and incorporated into building energy analysis computer programs which are in the public domain. The resulting passive analysis capabilities are used in systems studies leading to design tools and in the design of commercial buildings on a case study basis. The investigation of specific passive cooling methods is an ongoing project; for example, a process is being studied in which heat-storage material would be cooled by radiation to the night sky, and would then provide ''coolness'' to the building. Laboratory personnel involved in the solar cooling, controls, and passive projects are also providing technical support to the Active Heating and Cooling Division and the Passive and Hybrid Division of DOE in developing program plans, evaluating proposals, and making technical reviews of projects at other institutions and in industry. Low-grade heat is a widespread energy resource that could make a significant contribution to energy needs if economical methods can be developed for converting it to useful work. Investigations continued this year on the feasibility of using the ''shape-memory'' alloy, Nitinol, as a basis for constructing heat engines that could operate from energy sources, such as solar-heated water, industrial waste heat, geothermal brines, and ocean thermal gradients. Several projects are investigating longer-term possibilities for utilizing solar energy. One project involves the development of a new type of solar thermal receiver that would be placed at the focus of a central

Energy and Environment Division

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Managing Forests for Water Yield: The Importance of Scale  

SciTech Connect

Examination of expected change in water yield for a large area where vegetation thinning has been proposed in the Sierra Mountains of California, indicates that the size of the area has an important bearing on annual runoff. Results indicate that average changes in annual runoff per unit area for large areas would typically be less than 0.4%. Such changes can only be quantified by extrapolation of paired watershed studies because direct measurement is not feasible.

Huff, D.D.

1999-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

235

EnvironmEntal CrisEs YiEld  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUARTERLY Global EnvironmEntal CrisEs YiEld danGErous nEw HEaltH CHallEnGEs EColoGYand PubliC HEaltH Q Feature On his way to work on the UW-Madison campus, Jonathan Patz says biking represents in the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH) Department of Population Health Sciences

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

236

Lithium: Measurement of Young's Modulus and Yield Strength  

SciTech Connect

The Lithium Collection Lens is used for anti-proton collection. In analyzing the structural behavior during operation, various material properties of lithium are often needed. properties such as density, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, specific heat, compressability, etc.; are well known. However, to the authors knowledge there is only one published source for Young's Modulus. This paper reviews the results from the testing of Young's Modulus and the yield strength of lithium at room temperature.

Ryan P Schultz

2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Yield enhancement of VLSI/WSI array systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single wafer, tllils avoiding lugli manufacturing costs. In this research, vield enhancement of two typical VLSI/IVSI array systems, PLAs aud Pipeline 4rrays, is considered Yield enhancement of PLAs tluough reconfiguration is an important issue... is fault-toleriuice for multi-pipelnie structures in the presence cf t'aulty cells A reconfiguration approach, which offers a siniple algonthm and in- terconnection network, small average intercell pipeline clelay and 100~i harvesting. is presented...

Koo, Peter Yunemo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Home Energy Saver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Profitability of Energy Efficiency Upgrades Profitability of Energy Efficiency Upgrades Application of these 10 energy efficiency measures in a typical home yields nearly $600 in annual bill savings, and an impressive 16% overall return on investment. Diagram providing a representative view of the high profitability of energy efficiency upgrades This diagram provides a representative view of the high profitability of energy efficiency upgrades. Note that the home evaluated here is located in an average U.S. climate and has a heat pump, electric water heater, clothes washer, clothes dryer, and dishwasher. The example cost-effectively surpasses the 30% savings target for existing homes under PATH (The Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing). In fact, all of these measures yield a higher return on investment than an

239

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Title Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2009 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Jianshun Zheng, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Proceedings of the Healthy Buildings 2009 Conference Conference Location Syracuse, NY Keywords building-related symptoms, hvac filter, ozone, ptr-ms, secondary pollutants Abstract We used Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and conventional sampling methods to monitor and identify trace level organic pollutants formed in heterogeneous reactions between ozone and HVAC filters in real time. Experiments were carried out using a bench-scale flow tube reactor operating with dry air and humidified air (50% RH), at realistically high ozone concentrations (150 ppbv). We explored different filter media (i.e., fiberglass and cotton/polyester blends) and different particle loadings (i.e., clean filter and filters loaded with particles for 3 months at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Port of Oakland, CA). Detailed emission dynamics of very low levels of certain organic pollutants from filter media upon ozone exposure in the presence of moisture have been obtained and analyzed.

240

Oxidation of heterocyclic nitrogen yields to nitroheterocycles. [Nitrofurazans  

SciTech Connect

In the process of finding new routes to synthesize nitrofurazans the investigators compared the oxidation of a sulfilimide and a phosphine imine derived from 3-amino-4-(chlorophenyl)furazan (1). The sulfilimine, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-dimethyl-sulfiliminofurazan (2), was prepared by treating 1 with dimethyl sulfide ditriflate. Oxidation of 1 with peroxytrifluoroacetic acid (ptfa) in dichloromethane gave a mixture that was chromatographed to give 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4- nitro-furazan (5) in 11% yield and azoxy(4-chlorophenylfurazan) (6) in 32% yield. Under the same conditions, 2 gave a 96% yield of 5 with no trace of 6. Oxidation of diaminofurazan (7) with ptfa gives 3-amino-4-nitrofurazan (8), which was converted to the sulfilimine. Treatment of the sulfilimine with anhydrous ptfa in dichloromethane gave a solution that contained dimethyl sulfone according to /sup 13/C-NMR analysis, but no nitrocarbon could be detected. However, the /sup 14/N-NMR spectrum contained a very sharp singlet with a width at half-height of 19 Hz and a chemical shift almost identical to that of 5. Thus, it appears that we may have formed dinitrofurazan in solution, but we have not been able to isolate it in pure form as yet. 10 refs., 4 figs.

Coburn, M.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Soft x-ray yield from NX2 plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Lee model code is used to compute neon soft x-ray yield Y sxr for the NX2 plasma focus as a function of pressure. Comparison with measured Y sxr shows reasonable agreement in the Y sxr versus pressure curve the absolute maximum yield as well as the optimum pressure. This gives confidence that the code gives a good representation of the neon plasma focus in terms of gross properties including speeds and trajectories and soft x-ray yields despite its lack of modeling localized regions of higher densities and temperatures. Computed current curves versus pressure are presented and discussed particularly in terms of the dynamic resistance of the axial phase. Computed gross properties of the plasma focus including peak discharge current I peak pinch current I pinch minimum pinch radius r min plasma density at the middle duration of pinch n pinch and plasma temperature at middle duration of pinch T pinch are presented and the trends in variation of these are discussed to explain the peaking of Y sxr at optimum pressure.

S. Lee; R. S. Rawat; P. Lee; S. H. Saw

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Energy-efficient wireless communication In this chapter we present an energy-efficient highly adaptive network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-efficient wireless communication In this chapter we present an energy-efficient highly substantial research in the hardware aspects of mobile communications energy-efficiency, such as low-power electronics, power-down modes, and energy efficient modulation. However, due to fundamental physical

Havinga, Paul J.M.

243

Appliances Research | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Appliances Research Emerging Technologies » Appliances Research Appliances Research The Emerging Technology team conducts research into residential and commercial appliances. By partnering with industry, researchers, and other stakeholders, the Department of Energy acts as a catalyst in driving research in energy efficient technologies, with the goal of realizing 20% energy savings relative to a 2010 baseline. Appliance research focuses on refrigerators, washers, and dryers. Refrigerators Photo of a stainless steel refrigerator. Refrigerators have become substantially more energy efficient over the years, using less energy while also providing more space. While appliance standards for refrigerators have helped, continued research into new ways of improving refrigerators in the

244

Energy Efficiency in Wireless Networks - Impact of Adaptive Radio Unit Activation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy consumption in mobile networks, e.g. 3G networks, may be a substantial part of an operator's expenses. A large part of the total energy of (more)

Hedayati, Mozhgan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Carrier multiplication yields in PbS and PbSe nanocrystals measured by transient photoluminescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report here an assessment of carrier multiplication (CM) yields in PbSe and PbS nanocrystals (NCs) by a quantitative analysis of biexciton and exciton dynamics in transient photoluminescence decays. Interest in CM, the generation of more than one electron and hole in a semiconductor after absorption of one photon, has renewed in recent years because of reports suggesting greatly increased efficiencies in nanocrystalline materials compared to the bulk form, in which CM was otherwise too weak to be of consequence in photovoltaic energy conversion devices. In our PbSe and PbS NC samples, however, we estimate using transient photoluminescence that at most 0.25 additional e-h pairs are generated per photon, even at photon energies five times larger than the first exciton energy, instead of the much higher values reported in the literature. We argue by comparing NC CM estimates and reported bulk values on an absolute energy basis, which we justify as appropriate on physical grounds, that the data reported thus far are inconclusive with respect to the importance of nanoscale-specific phenomena in the CM process.

Gautham Nair; Scott M. Geyer; Liang-Yi Chang; Moungi G. Bawendi

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

246

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Transportation Energy Use  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Transportation Energy Use Transportation Energy Use picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) Oil is expected to remain the primary fuel source for transportation throughout the world, and transportation fuels are projected to account for almost 57 percent of total world oil consumption by 2020. Transportation fuel use is expected to grow substantially over the next two decades, despite oil prices that hit 10-year highs in 2000. The relatively immature transportation sectors in much of the developing world are expected to expand rapidly as the economies of developing nations become more industrialized. In the reference case of the International Energy Outlook 2001 (IEO2001), energy use for transportation is projected to increase by 4.8 percent per year in the developing world, compared with

247

OPVs and Solar Cells: The Basics | University of Texas Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environmental crises emanating from greenhouse gas production. Current solar cell technologies are largely silicon-based. Devices used for human energy consumption yield...

248

Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The results yielded important new insights into a material of high interest for electrochemical energy storage. Lithium iron phosphate is widely studied for its use as a...

249

New energy, new hazards ? The hydrogen scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"energy carrier" ? Hydrogen based economy and associated energy converters fuel cell systems are said dioxide...)1 . Besides, energy conversion yields seem to be better and finally it allows fossil fuels. Hydrogen can be used as an energy carrier for many traditional technologies such as cars (direct combustion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Assessment of potential life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects from using corn-based butanol as a transportation fuel.  

SciTech Connect

Since advances in the ABE (acetone-butanol-ethanol) fermentation process in recent years have led to significant increases in its productivity and yields, the production of butanol and its use in motor vehicles have become an option worth evaluating. This study estimates the potential life-cycle energy and emission effects associated with using bio-butanol as a transportation fuel. It employs a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis tool: the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model. The estimates of life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are based on an Aspen Plus(reg. sign) simulation for a corn-to-butanol production process, which describes grain processing, fermentation, and product separation. Bio-butanol-related WTW activities include corn farming, corn transportation, butanol production, butanol transportation, and vehicle operation. In this study, we also analyzed the bio-acetone that is coproduced with bio-butanol as an alternative to petroleum-based acetone. We then compared the results for bio-butanol with those of conventional gasoline. Our study shows that driving vehicles fueled with corn-based butanol produced by the current ABE fermentation process could result in substantial fossil energy savings (39%-56%) and avoid large percentage of the GHG emission burden, yielding a 32%-48% reduction relative to using conventional gasoline. On energy basis, a bushel of corn produces less liquid fuel from the ABE process than that from the corn ethanol dry mill process. The coproduction of a significant portion of acetone from the current ABE fermentation presents a challenge. A market analysis of acetone, as well as research and development on robust alternative technologies and processes that minimize acetone while increase the butanol yield, should be conducted.

Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Liu, J.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Clean energy systems for the 21st century  

SciTech Connect

The future of fossil-energy based systems is the intense subject of debate. However, to this dialogue has been added a promising perspective on the future of the energy industry - Vision 21. Vision 21 refers to a new cost-shared partnership between government and industry to develop fossil-fueled power generation systems that meet all the environmental requirements of the next century. They will operate with unprecedented low emissions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} and high thermal efficiencies. Vision 21 plants will be fueled by coal or natural gas, or by a combination of these fuels and opportunity fuels that could include biomass. Some will capture virtually all carbon dioxide produced for subsequent disposal by sequestration. This will yield a functionally carbon-free source of electricity. Constant for all versions of Vision 21 will be their outstanding environmental performance, high efficiency, competitive cost, and ability to adapt to local conditions of fuel supply for power generation and market demand for premium transportation fuel. The Department of Energy (DOE)/Fossil Energy(FE) Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC), which is the lead government agency for Vision 21, has focused on developing technologies, such as gasification combined cycle, advanced pulverized coal, advanced turbine systems, and environmental controls, that significantly increase efficiency while keeping electricity costs low and greatly reducing the environmental impacts of fossil power generation. Development of fuels technologies, including those for producing clean liquid fuels from coal, natural gas, and other feedstocks, has complemented the power systems effort. Vision 21 aims to go further to combine fossil fuel technologies for electric power generation and fuels/chemicals production to enable the design of plants that achieve substantially improved performance, i.e., higher efficiency and lower emissions, at lower costs than are possible by applying any single technology.

Williams, M.C.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new three-year public-private research initiative, which new three-year public-private research initiative, which will target substantial reductions in the $100 billion spent annually in energy costs for commercial buildings, has been launched under the leadership of Environmental Energy Technologies Division scientists. More than $13 million in research funding has been pledged by the California Energy Com- mission (CEC), the DOE, private sector partners, and Pacific Gas & Electric. EETD has assembled a team of 14 public and private sector partners to carry out the varied tasks within the High-Per- formance Commercial Buildings Systems Program. The program will develop new information technologies to design, commission, and operate buildings, and integrated design techniques to generate substantial and sustained energy savings

253

Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interprovincial migration flows involve substantial relocation of people and productive activity, with implications for regional energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. In China, these flows are not explicitly considered ...

Luo, Xiaohu

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Combined Heat & Power (CHP) -A Clean Energy Solution for Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, this opportune nexus of market, regulatory, and technology opportunities could dissipate. In fiscal year 1999, we launched the U. S. Department of Energy CHP Challenge program. By 2002 when the Challenge is complete, it should have substantially increased the use...

Parks, H.; Hoffman, P.; Kurtovich, M.

255

Alternative and Transitional Energy Sources for Urban Transportation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In urban areas, the transportation sector is one of the principal sources of substantial energy consumption. Although public modes of transportation have ... cities still prefer owning and using their private cars

Linna Li; Becky P. Y. Loo

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Next Generation Photovoltaics Round 2 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

(Zn,Mg)Cu oxysulfide solar absorber material with the potential to reach and exceed 20% energy conversion efficiency. The research team is substantially modifying the Cu2O base...

257

Reducing Energy-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Canadian Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Canada is a large, northern country with a sparse population and an industrialized economy. Its economy has been highly energy-intensive, taking advantage of a substantial base of natural resources. Canada int...

Bunli Yang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Esso Energy Award Lecture, 1990 The Development and Exploitation of Gas-Fired Rapid-Heating Furnaces for Metal Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The Esso Energy Award Lecture, 1990 The...They produce substantial energy savings, together with improvements in product quality, productivity and the working...estimated that the cumulative energy savings from the date of...

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Modeling the effects of spatial agronomic inputs on crop yield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fertilizers, if calculated on a, spatial This thesis follows the style I' or 7'rnnsactions of the ASAE. basis, could be used to minimize low yield zones, optimize crop response, and provide a degree of environmental protection (Buchholz and Wollenhaupt... (Shearer and Ilohnes, 1990). 22 Maximal Correlation Coegci ent is calculated according to fr4 = (Second largest eigenvalue of Q) (15) where ~ p(i, k)p(i, )) p*( )ps(k) The mean and range of the measures compose the 28 textural features. Although...

McCauley, James Darrell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

260

Available energy via nonequilibrium thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Basic macroscopic relations involving the concept of available energy are derived from the local equations of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The available energy is that part of a systems energy which can be converted into useful work. The model used describes a mixture of heat conducting compressible inviscid chemically reacting fluids in a gravitational field. Integration of the local equations yields instructive derivations of basic available energy relations for closed systems continuous flow arrangements and for diffusive mixing or separation processes.

E. L. Woollett

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

16 - Alternative energy sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes alternative energy sources. The substantial potential of the world's alternative energy sources are still comparatively little exploited, even in countries with limited conventional energy resources. Although this interest was heightened during the mid-1970s because of the oil price shock, most of the technologies are still at an early stage of development. While much research and development work has been undertaken by governments and industry throughout the world, the technical transfer process is comparatively slow. There are a number of abstracting services available in both the United States and the United Kingdom devoted wholly or in part to alternative energy sources. The most useful of the general abstract journals are the Renewable Energy Bulletin, Energy Review, and Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis. The principal source of information for all aspects of alternative energy sources is the Energy Data Base, established in 1974 b the U.S. Department of Energy, which is the online version of Energy Research Abstracts. There are very few good comprehensive books covering all the alternative energy sources, perhaps understandably given the scope of the subject.

Alan Heyes

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Apparatus for collecting solar energy  

SciTech Connect

Apparatus is described for collecting solar energy comprises a collector having a solar-energy collector surface. The collector is mounted on a support and is pivotable between an exposed position in which the collector surface faces the sun and a substantially horizontal sheltered position in which the collector surface faces the earth, thereby protecting the collector surface from the elements and facilitating access thereto for maintenance.

Wildenrotter, K.

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

Copyrolysis of Seyitmer?Lignite and Safflower Seed:? Influence of the Blending Ratio and Pyrolysis Temperature on Product Yields and Oil Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a variety of low-grade coal, as a primary energy source is becoming a subject of importance in some countries, such as Turkey, where there is a substantial reserve of such materials. ... Total lignite reserves are estimated with 8075 million tons, of which 7339 million tons are economically feasible. ... Upgrading of Kutahya region lignites by mild pyrolysis and high intensity dry magnetic separation ...

zlem Onay; Evren Bayram; . Mete Kokar

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Nuclear Symmetry Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of a phenomenological theory proposed in an earlier paper the nuclear symmetry energy is recalculated. The value obtained is smaller than the one given before, which was incorrect. A relativistic calculation of the energy with the radius parameter r0=1.0710-13 cm of the electron scattering experiments yields about the correct symmetry energy. Compensating uncertainties due to inaccuracy in r0, corrections due to the exclusion principle, and a possible difference in the radius of proton and neutron distributions make an accurate comparison with the empirical symmetry energy meaningless.

Hans-Peter Duerr

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structures for Three Membrane Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Print Wednesday, 27 January 2010 00:00 Cells depend on contact with their outside environment in order to thrive. Two examples illustrate why: In one, information needed to guide cellular processes is constantly transmitted across cell membranes by specialized proteins, and in the other, maintaining the right gradient of ions across the membrane is a process critical to the life and death of a cell. Membrane transport proteins-functioning either as channels or transporters-are the gatekeepers that control contact with the world outside the cell by catalyzing the flow of ions and molecules across cell membranes. Malfunctioning transport proteins can lead to cancer, inflammatory, and neurological diseases. Despite their importance in cell function and in a multitude of physiological processes such as sensing pain, there are still many unknowns about how they function. Recently, in an impressive series of three papers in Nature and Science, researchers at the Oregon Health and Science University delineated the structures of three transporter proteins, one of which had never before been characterized structurally in such detail. The structures were solved using ALS Beamlines 5.0.2, 8.2.1, and 8.2.2.

266

Redirecting carbon flux through exogenous pyruvate kinase to achieve high ethanol yields in Clostridium thermocellum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Redirecting Redirecting carbon flux through exogenous pyruvate kinase to achieve high ethanol yields in Clostridium thermocellum Yu Deng a,c , Daniel G. Olson a,c , Jilai Zhou a,c , Christopher D. Herring a,b,c , A. Joe Shaw d , Lee R. Lynd a,b,c,n a Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA b Mascoma Corporation, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA c BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA d Novogy, Inc. Cambridge, MA 02138, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 24 August 2012 Received in revised form 6 November 2012 Accepted 16 November 2012 Available online 29 November 2012 Keywords: Clostridium thermocellum Ethanol yield Pyruvate kinase Malate shunt a b s t r a c t In Clostridium thermocellum, a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium able to rapidly ferment cellulose to ethanol, pyruvate kinase (EC 2.7.1.40) is absent based on both the genome sequence and enzymatic

267

NETL: News Release - DOE's Microhole R&D Program Yielding Promising New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

22, 2007 22, 2007 DOE's Microhole R&D Program Yielding Promising New Tools Ambitious Program Aims to Reduce Costs, Environmental Impacts of Oil and Gas Well Drilling WASHINGTON, DC - New technology being developed under the U.S. Department of Energy's ambitious two-year-old Microhole Initiative is already yielding new tools perched on the edge of commercialization. Some of these tools, designed to drill ultrasmall-diameter natural gas and oil wells, have been successfully field-tested in real-world drilling conditions and await a final decision in 2007 for full-scale commercialization. Other microhole projects are wrapping up and will soon move into the field-test stage. Microhole technology, by virtue of its ability to dramatically reduce drilling costs, risks, and environmental impacts, could change the way America's oil and natural gas wells are drilled. It entails using coiled tubing drilling rigs -- small, easily transportable rigs that unspool coils of thin tubing -- to drill "grassroots" wells with diameters of less than 4-1/2 inches or equally small-diameter "sidetrack" boreholes from existing wells. This approach leaves a much smaller footprint in environmentally sensitive areas and produces much less drilling waste compared with the more cumbersome conventional rigs that deploy standard-size drill pipe to drill larger-diameter holes.

268

X-ray power and yield measurements at the refurbished Z machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advancements have been made in the diagnostic techniques to measure accurately the total radiated x-ray yield and power from z-pinch implosion experiments at the Z machine with high accuracy. The Z machine is capable of outputting 2 MJ and 330 TW of x-ray yield and power and accurately measuring these quantities is imperative. We will describe work over the past several years which include the development of new diagnostics improvements to existing diagnostics and implementation of automated data analysis routines. A set of experiments on the Z machine were conducted in which the load and machine configuration were held constant. During this shot series it was observed that the total z-pinch x-ray emission power determined from the two common techniques for inferring the x-ray power a Kimfol filtered x-ray diode diagnostic and the total power and energy diagnostic gave 449 TW and 323 TW respectively. Our analysis shows the latter to be the more accurate interpretation. More broadly the comparison demonstrates the necessity to consider spectral response and field of view when inferring x-ray powers from z-pinch sources.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Neutrino self-energy operator in plasmas at ultrahigh energies  

SciTech Connect

A general expression for the neutrino self-energy operator in plasmas was obtained in the limit of ultrahigh energies. Quantitative estimations were performed for the boundaries of the region kinematically allowed for the 'neutrino-spin-light' process. An analysis of the additional neutrino energy in plasmas revealed that, in the cases where neutrino spin light was kinematically allowed, the processes v-bar{sub e} + e{sup -} {yields} W{sup -} and v-bar{sub l} + v{sub l} {yields} Z would be dominant.

Kuznetsov, A. V., E-mail: avkuzn@uniyar.ac.ru; Mikheev, N. V., E-mail: mikheev@uniyar.ac.ru; Shitova, A. M., E-mail: pick@mail.ru [Yaroslavl State Universiry (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Oxidation of NO in Sample Bags to Yield NO2 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electrostatic Neutralization - A Key to Accurate & Repeatable PM Filter Weighing Urea SCR and DPF System for Diesel Sport Utility Vehicle Meeting Tier II Bin 5 DOE and Ford...

271

Investigation of a Novel Solar Assisted Water Heating System with Enhanced Energy Yield for Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation and experimental verification. The unique characteristic of such system consists in the integrated loop heat pipe and heat pump unit (LHP-HP), which was proposed to improve solar photovoltaic (PV) generation, capture additional solar heat...

Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.; Xu, J.; Yu, X.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

MENDL2 and IEAF2001 nuclide production yields databases verification in inter-medium energy range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......allow to conclude about the reliability of the transport codes and...in detail by conventional reactor researches. Therefore, excitation...allow to conclude about the reliability of the transport codes and...methods standards Radioisotopes analysis standards Radiometry methods......

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; V. M. Zhivun; K. A. Lipatov; R. D. Mulambetov; S. V. Mulambetova; S. L. Zaitsev; S. G. Mashnik; R. E. Prael

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

DOE Investment Yields R&D 100 Award Winner in Energy-Efficient Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

RTI International's nanofiber lighting improvement technology (NLITe) has been honored with a 2011 R&D 100 Award. Established in 1963 by the editors of R&D Magazine, the annual R&D 100 Awards identify the 100 most significant, newly introduced research and development advances of the past year in multiple disciplines.

274

Integrated Energy Systems Multi-Media Webcast: Three CHP Sites Yield Important Lessons Learned, September 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Announcement of three one-hour case studies via WebCast to share operation and provide interaction with developer, installers, and operators

275

Beam Energy Scaling on Ion-Induced Electron Yield from K+ Impact on Stainless Steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into GESD. FIG. 3. Gas-Electron Source Diagnostic (GESD).data with the Gas-Electron Source Diagnostic (GESD) [15]obtained with Gas-Electron Source Diagnostic at 88 degrees

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

JGI Plumbs Termite Guts to Yield Novel Enzymes for Better Biofuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21, 2007 21, 2007 DOE JGI Plumbs Termite Guts to Yield Novel Enzymes for Better Biofuel Production WALNUT CREEK, CA--Termites -- notorious for their voracious appetite for wood, rendering houses to dust and causing billions of dollars in damage per year -- may provide the biochemical means to a greener biofuel future. The bellies of these tiny beasts actually harbor a gold mine of microbes that have now been tapped as a rich source of enzymes for improving the conversion of wood or waste biomass to valuable biofuels. Termites of the genus Nasutitermes. The genomic sequencing and analysis of the termite gut microbes by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), the California Institute of Technology, Verenium Corporation (formerly Diversa), a

277

Surface structures for enhancement of quantum yield in broad spectrum emission nanocrystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are inorganic nanoparticles comprising a body comprising cadmium and/or zinc crystallized with selenium, sulfur, and/or tellurium; a multiplicity of phosphonic acid ligands comprising at least about 20% of the total surface ligand coverage; wherein the nanocrystal is capable of absorbing energy from a first electromagnetic region and capable of emitting light in a second electromagnetic region, wherein the maximum absorbance wavelength of the first electromagnetic region is different from the maximum emission wavelength of the second electromagnetic region, thereby providing a Stokes shift of at least about 20 nm, wherein the second electromagnetic region comprises an at least about 100 nm wide band of wavelengths, and wherein the nanoparticle exhibits has a quantum yield of at least about 10%. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.

Schreuder, Michael A.; McBride, James R.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

Singlet-triplet annihilation limits exciton yield in poly(3-hexylthiophene)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of chain length and morphology in combination with single-molecule spectroscopy techniques provide a comprehensive photophysical picture of excited-state losses in the prototypical conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). A universal self-quenching mechanism is revealed, based on singlet-triplet exciton annihilation, which accounts for the dramatic loss in fluorescence quantum yield of a single P3HT chain between its solution (unfolded) and bulk-like (folded) state. Triplet excitons fundamentally limit the fluorescence of organic photovoltaic materials, which impacts on the conversion of singlet excitons to separated charge carriers, decreasing the efficiency of energy harvesting at high excitation densities. Interexcitonic interactions are so effective that a single P3HT chain of >100 kDa weight behaves like a two-level system, exhibiting perfect photon-antibunching.

Steiner, Florian; Lupton, John M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution July 2, 2013 - 12:42pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Washington, D.C. - As part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan, the U.S. Department of Energy announced today a draft loan guarantee solicitation for innovative and advanced fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. The Advanced Fossil Energy Projects solicitation, authorized by Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 through Section 1703 of the Loan Guarantee Program, does just that. The draft solicitation will be open

280

ENERGY-EFFICIENT MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS IN LOSSY MULTI-HOP WIRELESS NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

con- sumer of energy [7, 8, 15] causing a substantial amount of energy to be wasted by sending packets to reduce the energy wasted by sending such useless data in lossy networks. Keywords: Energy there are dependencies between packets. Blindly processing each packet at the MAC layer may waste energy from

Kravets, Robin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High yield fusion in a staged Z-pinch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and N. Rostoker. Thermonuclear fusion by a z-? pinch. Inof 3.0 10 19 and a thermonuclear energy of 84 MJ, that is,that the neutrons are thermonuclear [20]. The configuration

RAHMAN, H. U; WESSEL, F. J; ROSTOKER, N.; NEY, P. H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agriculture cannot feed the world. Field Crops Res. 106...and L Kilcher. 2011 The world of organic agriculture, statistics and emerging trends. Bonn...a significant role in an energy constrained world? Sustainability 3, 322-362...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Geothermal Lease Sale in Nevada Yields Record Bids | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) has received a record 28.2 million in bids for geothermal energy development on federal public lands in Nevada. The DOI's Bureau of Land...

284

Solar Renewable Energy Certificates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Renewable Energy Certificates Solar Renewable Energy Certificates Solar Renewable Energy Certificates < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate $500/MWh (the Solar Alternative Compliance Payment, or SACP) or $0.50/kWh Program Info Start Date 01/01/2006 State District of Columbia Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies based on market conditions. As of December 2012 the market price for D.C.-sourced SRECs was approximately $310/MWh ($0.31/kWh) although some individual trades have taken place at substantially lower and higher

285

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy Wallace E. Tyner (wtyner@purdue.edu), Thomas W. Hertel, Farzad Taheripour*, and Dileep K. Birur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy much insight into how alternative bioenergy production scenarios could change global agricultural markets and land-use, with repercussions for international trade. As the World Bank reports, nearly 70

286

Metallic Glass Yields Secrets under Pressure | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the "Swine Flu" Virus Structure of the "Swine Flu" Virus The Package Matters Disarming Deadly South American Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing Discovering New Talents for Diamond Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Metallic Glass Yields Secrets under Pressure MARCH 29, 2010 Bookmark and Share Diamond anvil cell used for high-pressure experiments Metallic glasses are emerging as potentially useful materials at the frontier of materials science research. They combine the advantages-and avoid many of the problems of-normal metals and glasses, two classes of materials with a very wide range of applications. For example, metallic

287

JASON Project Collaboration Yields 3 CODiE Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0, Issue 19 0, Issue 19 the lab JASON Project Collaboration Yields 3 CODiE Awards page 2 NETL Celebrates 100 Years of Research Excellence page 3 NETL and Regional University Alliance Team Develop New Materials and Non-Destructive Evaluation Techniques page 9 netlog is a quarterly newsletter, which highlights recent achievements and ongoing research at NETL. Any comments or suggestions, please contact Paula Turner at paula.turner@netl.doe.gov or call 541-967-5966. Argonaut Jaclyn Martin helps Larry Shadle (far left) load polyethylene beads into the feed hopper of the cold flow simulator as fellow Argonauts Tim West (center left) and Hiyam Añorve Garza (center right) and teacher Melissa Hall (far right) watch. The students learned

288

High-Yield Secretion of Multiple Client Proteins in Aspergillus  

SciTech Connect

Production of pure and high-yield client proteins is an important technology that addresses the need for industrial applications of enzymes as well as scientific experiments in protein chemistry and crystallization. Fungi are utilized in industrial protein production because of their ability to secrete large quantities of proteins. In this study, we engineered a high-expression-secretion vector, pEXPYR that directs proteins towards the extracellular medium in two Aspergillii host strains, examine the effect of maltose-induced over-expression and protein secretion as well as time and pH-dependent protein stability in the medium. We describe five client proteins representing a core set of hemicellulose degrading enzymes that accumulated up to 50-100 mg/L of protein. Using a recyclable genetic marker that allows serial insertion of multiple genes, simultaneous hyper-secretion of three client proteins in a single host strain was accomplished.

Segato, F.; Damasio, A. R. L.; Goncalves, T. A.; de Lucas, R. C.; Squina, F. M.; Decker, S. R.; Prade, R. A.

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Industrial Energy: Counseling the Marriage Between Energy Users and Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time, on site employee, the energy manager can boost implementation rates by navigating the organizational issues that result from change. Energy managers will play a pivotal role in the adoption of strategic energy management protocols such as ISO.... However, intermittent assistance tends to yield intermittent results. An energy manager, integral to a company or facility, provides the leadership and organizational continuity for implementing change...

Russell, C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Increasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2008 #12;2 World is growing in parallel. With a dynamic carbon market under constant development, the Energy and Carbon Fi events in 2008 have substantially altered the global financial landscape. What that means for energy

292

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume I Summary Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality September 2002 August 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, describes the technology developed to enable the TCEQ to substantiate energy and emissions reduction credits from EE/RE to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and provides valuable insights into the effectiveness of additional energy efficiency...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J.; Turner, W. D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy recovery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an improved wet air oxidation system and method for reducing the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of waste water used from scrubbers of coal gasification plants, with this COD reduction being sufficient to effectively eliminate waste water as an environmental pollutant. The improvement of the present invention is provided by heating the air used in the oxidation process to a temperature substantially equal to the temperature in the oxidation reactor before compressing or pressurizing the air. The compression of the already hot air further heats the air which is then passed in heat exchange with gaseous products of the oxidation reaction for "superheating" the gaseous products prior to the use thereof in turbines as the driving fluid. The superheating of the gaseous products significantly minimizes condensation of gaseous products in the turbine so as to provide a substantially greater recovery of mechanical energy from the process than heretofore achieved.

Moore, Albert S. (Morgantown, WV); Verhoff, Francis H. (Morgantown, WV)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 2000. 25:2151 Copyright c 2000 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-saving and comfort-providing conversions and in substantially declining energy prices. Although modern societies Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.2 Coal's Dominance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2 Declining Energy Prices

Kammen, Daniel M.

295

The Dark Energy Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the Dark Energy Survey (DES), a proposed optical-near infrared survey of 5000 sq. deg of the South Galactic Cap to ~24th magnitude in SDSS griz, that would use a new 3 sq. deg CCD camera to be mounted on the Blanco 4-m telescope at Cerro Telolo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). The survey data will allow us to measure the dark energy and dark matter densities and the dark energy equation of state through four independent methods: galaxy clusters, weak gravitational lensing tomography, galaxy angular clustering, and supernova distances. These methods are doubly complementary: they constrain different combinations of cosmological model parameters and are subject to different systematic errors. By deriving the four sets of measurements from the same data set with a common analysis framework, we will obtain important cross checks of the systematic errors and thereby make a substantial and robust advance in the precision of dark energy measurements.

The Dark Energy Survey Collaboration

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

296

Energy consumption and environmental pollution: a stochastic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......indicated that total energy consumption in sugar beet production...pollution. Although energy consumption increased sugar beet yield...and found that hybrid and electric car technologies exhibit (efficiency...ergy efficiency, affects consumption choice by Swedish households......

Charles S. Tapiero

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Solar energy thermalization and storage device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive solar thermalization and thermal energy storage assembly which is visually transparent. The assembly consists of two substantial parallel, transparent wall members mounted in a rectangular support frame to form a liquid-tight chamber. A semitransparent thermalization plate is located in the chamber, substantially paralled to and about equidistant from the transparent wall members to thermalize solar radiation which is stored in a transparent thermal energy storage liquid which fills the chamber. A number of the devices, as modules, can be stacked together to construct a visually transparent, thermal storage wall for passive solar-heated buildings.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Value of Irrigation Water with Alternative Input Prices, Product Prices and Yield Levels: Texas Coastal Bend, Cross Timbers, Deep East, Edwards Aquifer, El Paso, Gulf Coast, Lower South Central, Rolling Plains, Trans Pecos and Winter Garden Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

risen to record levels; because of the energy crisis and the rapid rate of inflation, prices of fertilizer and fuel have at least doubled, and the price of other farm inputs have risen substantially. These price changes, in absolute and relative terms...

Sprott, J. M.; Lacewell, R. D.; Beattie, B. R.

299

Resource-Conserving Agriculture Increases Yields in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico, Mexico, and International Project Office for Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study, Institute for Atmospheric Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. ... The critical priority is now international, national, and local policy and institutional reforms (41) designed to benefit both food security and income growth at national and households levels, while improving the supply of critical technologies that improve the supply of environmental goods and services. ... matter and above-ground biomass; (ii) avoiding carbon emissions from farms by reducing direct and indirect energy use; and (iii) increasing renewable-energy prodn. ...

J. N. Pretty; A. D. Noble; D. Bossio; J. Dixon; R. E. Hine; F. W. T. Penning de Vries; J. I. L. Morison

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy Storage Program Planning Document | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy storage systems have the potential to extend and optimize the operating capabilities of the grid, since power can be stored and used at a later time. This allows for flexibility in generation and distribution, improving the economic efficiency and utilization of the entire system while making the grid more reliable and robust. Additionally, alternatives to traditional power generation, including variable wind and solar energy technologies, may require back-up power storage. Thus, modernizing the power grid may require a substantial volume of electrical energy storage (EES). Energy Storage Program Planning Document More Documents & Publications CX-008689: Categorical Exclusion Determination

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Storage Program Planning Document | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy Storage Program Planning Document Energy storage systems have the potential to extend and optimize the operating capabilities of the grid, since power can be stored and used at a later time. This allows for flexibility in generation and distribution, improving the economic efficiency and utilization of the entire system while making the grid more reliable and robust. Additionally, alternatives to traditional power generation, including variable wind and solar energy technologies, may require back-up power storage. Thus, modernizing the power grid may require a substantial volume of electrical energy storage (EES). Energy Storage Program Planning Document More Documents & Publications CX-010738: Categorical Exclusion Determination

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalous sputter yields Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to reduce the multipactor is to decrease the secondary emission yield... of the ceramic window. Due to its low Secondary electron Emission Yield (SEY), TiN thin film is ......

303

Indochina energy outlook. Report series Number 3  

SciTech Connect

Indochina contains large energy resources of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower, and will become an important oil, gas, and electricity exporter in Southeast Asia over the next decade. The combination of substantial energy resources and economic reforms in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are attracting major investments in the energy sector. This report discusses the economy; the resources, reserves, and projected production of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower; and electric power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Johnson, C.J.; Lamke, A.J.; Li, B.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Selection Handbook  

SciTech Connect

Substantial reductions in energy and operational costs can be achieved through the use of energy-efficient electric motors. A handbook was compiled to help industry identify opportunities for cost-effective application of these motors. It covers the economic and operational factors to be considered when motor purchase decisions are being made. Its audience includes plant managers, plant engineers, and others interested in energy management or preventative maintenance programs.

McCoy, Gilbert A.; Litman, Todd; Douglass, John G.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Bioenergy Sorghum Yield and Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................... 77 Economics of fertilizing biomass feedstocks ................................................. 77 Biomass feedstock yield response to applied nitrogen: An example ........... 79 CONCLUSIONS...

Zilahi-Sebess, Szilvia

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Foodservice yield and fabrication times for beef as influenced by purchasing options and merchandising styles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . 1 3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. . . . . . 14 CONCLUSIONS . . . . . . 35 LITERATURE CITED. . . . . . . . . 36 VITA. . . 38 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 109 beef ribs (n =3...). . . . 15 2 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 109E beef ribs (n=3). . . 16 3 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 120 beef brisket (n = 7). . . . . . . 17 4 Mean foodservice yields...

Weatherly, Benjamin Harrison

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Studies of the effect of retorting factors on the yield of shale oil for a new comprehensive utilization technology of oil shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The comprehensive utilization of oil shale is a new promising technology achieving high utilization-factors for both oil shales chemical and energy potentials, and avoiding serious environmental impacts. For this technology, it is an urgent issue how to obtain shale oil with a high yield and as well as treat shale char efficiently and economically. In this present work, retorting experiments of three type I oil shales were performed using an aluminum retort, and the effect of retorting temperature, residence time, particle size and heating rate on the yield of shale oil was studied at low retorting temperatures ranging from 400C to 520C, respectively, at which shale char obtained has good combustion properties. The experimental data show that an increase in the retorting temperature, the residence time and the heating time has positive significant effect on improving the yield of shale oil, and a middle particle size is helpful for increasing the oil yield as well. The grey system method was applied to evaluate the effect of retorting factors on the yield of shale oil, showing that the retorting temperature is the most marked factor influencing the yield of shale oil.

X.X. Han; X.M. Jiang; Z.G. Cui

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Research Leads to Improved Fuel Yields from Smaller Antenna Algae  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A study funded by the Energy Department could lead to big improvements in alternative fuel production. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley have discovered that if particular genes are missing in certain strains of algae, the algae can produce more hydrogen and other fuel from full sunlight than the ordinary algae.

309

Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

A prototype energy signal tool is demonstrated for operational whole-building and system-level energy use evaluation. The purpose of the tool is to give a summary of building energy use which allows a building operator to quickly distinguish normal and abnormal energy use. Toward that end, energy use status is displayed as a traffic light, which is a visual metaphor for energy use that is either substantially different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing expected to actual energy use. As expected, energy use is necessarily uncertain; we cannot choose the appropriate light with certainty. Instead, the energy signal tool chooses the light by minimizing the expected cost of displaying the wrong light. The expected energy use is represented by a probability distribution. Energy use is modeled by a low-order lumped parameter model. Uncertainty in energy use is quantified by a Monte Carlo exploration of the influence of model parameters on energy use. Distributions over model parameters are updated over time via Bayes' theorem. The simulation study was devised to assess whole-building energy signal accuracy in the presence of uncertainty and faults at the submetered level, which may lead to tradeoffs at the whole-building level that are not detectable without submetering.

Henze, G. P.; Pavlak, G. S.; Florita, A. R.; Dodier, R. H.; Hirsch, A. I.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Machine milkability as related to dairy yield and its fractions in dairy ewes (1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machine milkability as related to dairy yield and its fractions in dairy ewes (1) O. JATSCH R. SAGI and adaptation to machine milking were evaluated by determining milk yield fractions for Awassi and Assaf dairy conformation significantly affected milk yield and adaptation to machine milking, while breed, rearing methods

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

311

Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local Reconfiguration*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local to avoid faulty elements. Digital microfluidics- based biochips are also amenable to redundancy-based yield. As microfluidics-based biochips become more complex, manufacturing yield will have significant influence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

NEANDC specialists meeting on yields and decay data of fission product nuclides  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for the 29 papers presented. Workshop reports on decay heat, fission yields, beta- and gamma-ray spectroscopy, and delayed neutrons are included. An appendix contains a survey of the most recent compilations and evaluations containing fission product yield, fission product decay data, and delayed neutron yield information. (WHK)

Chrien, R.E.; Burrows, T.W. (eds.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

4. Heterogeneous Energy Deposition from External Radiations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......irradiation yielding large values of energy absorbed in regions of microscopic dimensions around the neutron-capture site. Boron-10, for example, has a very large cross section for thermal-neutron capture (Zamenhof et al., 1999) compared to......

4. Heterogeneous Energy Deposition from External Radiations

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy relations at the mesoscopic or lattice level based on the assumption that magnetic momentsA Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis Ralph C. Smith Marcelo J. Dapino Center or spins are restricted to two orientations. Direct minimization of the Gibbs energy yields local average

315

Fusion-neutron-yield, activation measurements at the Z accelerator: Design, analysis, and sensitivity  

SciTech Connect

We present a general methodology to determine the diagnostic sensitivity that is directly applicable to neutron-activation diagnostics fielded on a wide variety of neutron-producing experiments, which include inertial-confinement fusion (ICF), dense plasma focus, and ion beam-driven concepts. This approach includes a combination of several effects: (1) non-isotropic neutron emission; (2) the 1/r{sup 2} decrease in neutron fluence in the activation material; (3) the spatially distributed neutron scattering, attenuation, and energy losses due to the fielding environment and activation material itself; and (4) temporally varying neutron emission. As an example, we describe the copper-activation diagnostic used to measure secondary deuterium-tritium fusion-neutron yields on ICF experiments conducted on the pulsed-power Z Accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories. Using this methodology along with results from absolute calibrations and Monte Carlo simulations, we find that for the diagnostic configuration on Z, the diagnostic sensitivity is 0.037% 17% counts/neutron per cm{sup 2} and is ? 40% less sensitive than it would be in an ideal geometry due to neutron attenuation, scattering, and energy-loss effects.

Hahn, K. D., E-mail: kdhahn@sandia.gov; Ruiz, C. L.; Fehl, D. L.; Chandler, G. A.; Knapp, P. F.; Smelser, R. M.; Torres, J. A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); Cooper, G. W.; Nelson, A. J. [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Leeper, R. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Inhibition of Energy Metabolism in Ehrlich Ascites Cells Treated with Dactylarin in Vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Inhibition of Energy Metabolism in Ehrlich Ascites...some cancerostatic agents on energy-yielding and energy-requiring processes in tumor...Cancer Con gress. Buenos Aires, Argentina. October 5 to 11. 1978. Vol...

Milan Miko; Ludovit Drobnica; and Britton Chance

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Characteristics and energy requirements of an alpha-aminoisobutyric acid transport system in Streptococcus lactis.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Shuster. 1961. Energy- yielding metabolism...Press Inc., New York. 11. Halpern...A. 1975. Energy coupling in microbial...Press Inc., New York. 13. Harold...Press Inc., New York. 14. Harold...transformation of energy by bacterial...

J Thompson

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Predicting the Yields of Photometric Surveys for Transiting Planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observing extrasolar planetary transits is one of the only ways that we may infer the masses and radii of planets outside the Solar System. As such, the detections made by photometric transit surveys are one of the only foreseeable ways that the areas of planetary interiors, system dynamics, migration, and formation will acquire more data. Predicting the yields of these surveys therefore serves as a useful statistical tool. Predictions allows us to check the efficiency of transit surveys (``are we detecting all that we should?'') and to test our understanding of the relevant astrophysics (``what parameters affect predictions?''). Furthermore, just the raw numbers of how many planets will be detected by a survey can be interesting in its own right. Here, we look at two different approaches to modeling predictions (forward and backward), and examine three different transit surveys (TrES, XO, and Kepler). In all cases, making predictions provides valuable insight into both extrasolar planets and the surveys themselves, but this must be tempered by an appreciation of the uncertainties in the statistical cut-offs used by the transit surveys.

Thomas G. Beatty

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Indiana Energy Energy Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indiana Energy Conference Energy Challenges And Opportunities November 5, 2013 ­ 9:00 a.m. ­ 5:00 p spectrum of business sectors including: Energy Community Manufacturing Policymakers Finance Engineering of Energy & Water: A Well of Opportunity Our water and energy systems are inextricably linked. Energy

Ginzel, Matthew

320

Matter & Energy Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Wind Energy Energy Technology Physics Nuclear Energy Petroleum 27, 2012) -- Energy flowing from large-scale to small-scale places may be prevented from flowing, indicating that there are energy flows from large to small scale in confined space. Indeed, under a specific

Shepelyansky, Dima

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Share of Energy Consumed byEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Fuel Cells Team Leader U.S. Department of Energy gy Fuel Cell Technologies Program September 28

322

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 28, 2010 July 28, 2010 DOE Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three CODiE Awards The JASON Project's multimedia energy curriculum has earned three CODiE Awards from the Software & Information Industry Association. July 23, 2010 Weekly Wrap-Up: Testing Wind Blades, Converting Carbon Emissions, and Eco-Driving Two Energy Department-funded projects are helping save energy and save money. Find out more here. July 23, 2010 Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Want to know more about one of the quickest and lowest cost ways we can reduce our carbon footprint and slow climate change? Read this. February 1, 2010 President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Obama's FY 2011 budget seeks $760.4 million for the Office of Fossil Energy to support improved energy security and rapid development of

323

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

The Energy Index for Commercial Buildings The Energy Index for Commercial Buildings Welcome to the Energy Index for Commercial Buildings. Data for this tool comes from the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). Select categories from the CBECS micro data allow users to search on common building characteristics that impact energy use. Users may select multiple criteria, however if the resulting sample size is too small, the data will be unreliable. If nothing is selected results yield national totals for commercial buildings. For more information on CBECS, visit EIA's website. Location Census Division View Map New England West North Central West South Central Middle Atlantic South Atlantic Mountain East North Central East South Central Pacific

324

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 14240 of 31,917 results. 31 - 14240 of 31,917 results. Article Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring Sensors With more than $1 million in Energy Efficiency and Conversation Block Grant (EECBG) funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the city of Richardson, Texas is creating a baseline: collecting data and monitoring energy usage before investing in more substantial projects. http://energy.gov/articles/big-savings-texas-city-energy-monitoring-sensors Article Department of Energy Announces Completion of World's Largest Laser Certification of National Ignition Facility Marks Major Milestone in Scientific Advancement http://energy.gov/articles/department-energy-announces-completion-worlds-largest-laser Download Fossil Energy's HBCU Research Activities http://energy.gov/diversity/downloads/fossil-energy-s-hbcu-research-activities

325

GRB 110709A, 111117A, AND 120107A: FAINT HIGH-ENERGY GAMMA-RAY PHOTON EMISSION FROM FERMI-LAT OBSERVATIONS AND DEMOGRAPHIC IMPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Launched on 2008 June 11, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has provided a rare opportunity to study high-energy photon emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Although the majority of such events (27) have been identified by the Fermi-LAT Collaboration, four were uncovered by using more sensitive statistical techniques. In this paper, we continue our earlier work by finding three more GRBs associated with high-energy photon emission, GRB 110709A, 111117A, and 120107A. To systematize our matched filter approach, a pipeline has been developed to identify these objects in nearly real time. GRB 120107A is the first product of this analysis procedure. Despite the reduced threshold for identification, the number of GRB events has not increased significantly. This relative dearth of events with low photon number prompted a study of the apparent photon number distribution. We find an extremely good fit to a simple power law with an exponent of -1.8 {+-} 0.3 for the differential distribution. As might be expected, there is a substantial correlation between the number of lower energy photons detected by the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) and the number observed by LAT. Thus, high-energy photon emission is associated with some but not all of the brighter GBM events. Deeper studies of the properties of the small population of high-energy emitting bursts may eventually yield a better understanding of these entire phenomena.

Zheng Weikang; Akerlof, Carl W.; McKay, Timothy A. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Pandey, Shashi B. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Manora Peak, Nainital 263129 (India); Zhang Binbin [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Zhang Bing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States); Sakamoto, Takanori, E-mail: zwk@umich.edu [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Energy 101 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Literacy Energy 101 Energy 101 What is the Energy 101 Initiative? The Energy 101 Dialogue Series: Dialogue 1: Energy in the Classroom Webinar Slides Increasing...

327

A comparison of silage and grain yields of four corn hybrids at three locations in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of variance of lodging percentage at College Stationi Silage yields grain yield snd lodging percentage of four corn 5. 6. hybrids and three spacingsi CoU. ege Station, Analysis of variance of silage yields at Temple Analysis of variance of grain yields... difference in yields of grain at 12~ 18 snd 24-inch spac- ings ~ Singleton et al. (Q) oaution that a good silage hybrid must not oniy produce well but should also stand up in summer storms. They point out that corn must be ereot at harvest time in order...

Spears, Ben Riley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

High yield Cu-Co CPP GMR multilayer sensors  

SciTech Connect

We have fabricated and tested GMR magnetic flux sensors that operate in the CPP mode. This work is a continuation of the ultra-high density magnetic sensor research introduced at INTERMAG 96. We have made two significant modifications to the process sequence. First, contact to the sensor is made through a metal conduit deposited in situ with the multilayers. This deposition replaces electroplating. This configuration ensures a good electrical interface between the top of multilayer stack and the top contact, and a continuous, conductive current path to the sensor. The consequences of this modification are an increase in yield of operational devices to {ge}90% per wafer and a significant reduction of the device resistance to {le}560 milliohms and of the uniformity of the device resistance to {le}3%. Second, the as-deposited multilayer structure has been changed from [Cu 30 {angstrom}/Co 20 {angstrom}]{sub 18} (third peak) to [Cu 20.5 {angstrom}/Co 12 {angstrom}]{sub 30} (second peak) to increase the CPP and CIP responses. The sheet film second peak CIP GMR response is 18% and the sensitivity is 0.08 %/Oe. The sheet film third peak CIP GMR response is 8% and the sensitivity is 0. 05 %/Oe. The second peak CPP GMR response averaged over twenty devices on a four inch silicon substrate is 28% {+-} 6%. The response decreases radially from the substrate center. The average response at the center of the substrate is 33% {+-} 4%. The average second peak CPP sensitivity is 0.09 %/Oe {+-} 0.02 %/Oe. The best second peak CPP response from a single device is 39%. The sensitivity of that device is 0.13 %/Oe. The third peak CPP GMR response is approximately 14 %. The third peak CPP response sensitivity is 0.07 %/Oe. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Spallas, J., Mao, M., Law, B., Grabner, F., Cerjan, C., O`Kane, O.

1997-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

330

Solar Alternative Energy Credits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Solar Alternative Energy Credits Solar Alternative Energy Credits < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Varies based on market conditions; SACP does not represent a price ceiling because it is only determined after the fact Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies based on market conditions; during 2013 the market price for PA-sourced SRECs has ranged from approximately $40 - $120/MWh ($0.04 - $0.120/kWh) although individual trades have taken place at substantially lower and higher prices. Provider Clean Power Markets, Inc.

331

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Assumptions to the Annual Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Demand Module Industrial Demand Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2006 The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 12 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS27 data.

332

Event Excess in the MiniBooNE Search for {nu}{sub {mu}{yields}{nu}e} Oscillations  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment at Fermilab reports results from a search for {nu}{sub {mu}{yields}{nu}e} oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 5.66x10{sup 20} protons on target. An excess of 20.9{+-}14.0 events is observed in the energy range 475yields}{nu}e} oscillations, the best-fit point has a {chi}{sup 2} probability of 8.7%. The data are consistent with {nu}{sub {mu}{yields}{nu}e} oscillations in the 0.1 to 1.0 eV{sup 2} {Delta}m{sup 2} range and with the evidence for antineutrino oscillations from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F. 04510 (Mexico); Anderson, C. E.; Fleming, B. T.; Linden, S. K.; Spitz, J. [Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Brice, S. J.; Brown, B. C.; Ford, R.; Garcia, F. G.; Kobilarcik, T.; Marsh, W.; Moore, C. D.; Polly, C. C.; Russell, A. D.; Stefanski, R. J.; Zeller, G. P. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Bugel, L.; Conrad, J. M.; Karagiorgi, G.; Nguyen, V. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

333

Matter & Energy Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy and the Environment · Renewable Energy· Environmental Science · Reference Chemical compound· Semiconductor· Gallium at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry

Rogers, John A.

334

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Q&A with Cindy Regnier, Manager of the Facility for Low-Energy A Q&A with Cindy Regnier, Manager of the Facility for Low-Energy eXperiments in Buildings (FLEXLAB) The Facility for Low-Energy eXperiments in Buildings (FLEXLAB) is designed to be a national focal point for developing, simulating, and testing energy-efficient technologies and strategies for buildings. FLEXLAB users will conduct research and develop technologies at FLEXLAB on single components as well as whole-building integrated design and operation. This research is aimed at substantially lowering the energy use, and improving the comfort and performance, of both new and existing buildings. FLEXLAB is a facility of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD). Artist's conception of a portion of the FLEXLAB facility

335

ARIZONA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARIZONA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARIZONA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARIZONA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Arizona has substantial natural resources, including coal, solar, and hydroelectric resources. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Arizona reflect a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to transportation, carbon capture and storage, and geothermal energy. Through these investments, Arizona's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Arizona to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. ARIZONA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

336

ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Arkansas has substantial natural resources, including gas, oil, wind, biomass, and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Arkansas are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to advanced battery manufacturing and renewable energy. Through these investments, Arkansas's businesses, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Arkansas to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

337

ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Arkansas has substantial natural resources, including gas, oil, wind, biomass, and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Arkansas are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to advanced battery manufacturing and renewable energy. Through these investments, Arkansas's businesses, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Arkansas to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. ARKANSAS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

338

GLIMPSE: A Rapid Decision Framework for Energy and Environmental Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We find opportunities for substantial cobenefits in setting both climate change mitigation and health-benefit based air quality improvement targets. ... The EPA MARKAL database is populated with U.S. data that incorporates technology and fuel assumptions from the U.S. Energy Information Administrations 2012 Annual Energy Outlook(29) and availability of renewable energy from Department of Energys National Energy Modeling System. ... Policymakers and other stakeholders propose energy policies to promote various causes, from domestic energy independence to protecting public health and mitigating climate change. ...

Farhan H. Akhtar; Robert W. Pinder; Daniel H. Loughlin; Daven K. Henze

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 19, 2011 October 19, 2011 A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, "Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained" and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February 2010). The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel For many, a barrel of oil is almost synonymous with its most prominent product, gasoline. While almost 40% of a barrel of oil is used to produce gasoline, the rest is used to produce a host of products including jet fuel and plastics and many industrial chemicals. As the United States works to reduce its dependence on foreign oil, we must recognize the complexity of that dependence and work to replace the whole barrel. September 22, 2011 Richard Kauffman has recently joined the Energy Department as a Senior Advisor and is one of the country's leading experts on private sector investment in clean energy. Photo Credit: Quentin Kruger, Department of Energy

340

NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY U  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U U .S. national energy security de- pends on sufficient energy supplies to support U.S. and global economic growth. Energy policies that have em- phasized reliance on market forces have led to major energy security gains over the past two decades. Major improvements in explo- ration and production technology, as well as the trend toward opening new areas around the globe for exploration and devel- opment, have yielded significant dividends: Strengthening Global Alliances Enhancing National Energy Security and International Relationships * The U.S. and world economies have diversified their sources of oil sup- plies, largely through increased production in the Western Hemisphere, the North Sea, and Africa. * The world's fuel mix is also more diverse, primarily because of greater reli-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Washington | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 18, 2009 November 18, 2009 CX-000195: Categorical Exclusion Determination Washington County Pierce CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 11/18/2009 Location(s): Pierce County, Washington Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office November 12, 2009 CX-000376: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boise White Paper Mill Carbon Capture and Sequestration CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.1, B3.6 Date: 11/12/2009 Location(s): Richland, Washington Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 4, 2009 Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams $30.6 million Recovery Act investment by the Department of Energy highlights the additional potential of hydro power November 2, 2009

342

Techno-economic assessment of the impact of phase change material thermal storage on the energy consumption and GHG emissions of the Canadian Housing Stock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Responsible for 17% of all energy consumption and 16% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Canada, the residential sector ... substantial opportunities for reducing both energy consumption and GHG emissions. Bein...

Sara Nikoofard; V. Ismet Ugursal; Ian Beausoleil-Morrison

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Energy Management for Time-Critical Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their power consumption. The objective is to maximize the minimum energy reserve over any node in the network algorithms yield significantly higher energy reserves than the approaches without speed and power control. 1 such as solar, wind or wa- ter flow, WSN nodes potentially have perpetual energy supply. However, given

Aydin, Hakan

344

Theoretical analysis of the CO/sub 2/ molecule decomposition and contaminants yield in transversely excited atmospheric CO/sub 2/ laser discharge  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical studies on the phenomena of a CO/sub 2/ molecule decomposition and contaminants yield in transversely excited atmospheric CO/sub 2/ laser discharge plasma have been conducted by our comprehensive plasma kinetic model. In addition to the reliable 175 plasma kinetic rate equations, the excitation circuit and the steady-state Boltzmann equations were included in the theoretical model in order to exactly simulate the time-dependent discharge condition. When the total capacitance and the charging voltage of the main discharge capacitor were varied over a wide range, the amount of the CO/sub 2/ molecule decomposed per discharge pulse was found to be almost in proportion to only the deposited energy density: the energy deposited in the unit laser gas volume. It was also found that the amounts of CO, O/sub 2/, O/sub 3/, N/sub 2/O, NO/sub 2/, and NO yielded per discharge pulse increased almost proportionally with the increase of deposited energy density. The amount that the CO/sub 2/ molecule decomposition and contaminants yielded against the unit deposited energy density are summarized in this article. Moreover, the effect of the addition of CO, H/sub 2/, and H/sub 2/O to the laser gas mixture on the suppression of the CO/sub 2/ molecule decomposition are also studied.

Hokazono, H.; Fujimoto, H.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Biomass energy: the scale of the potential resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of biomass energy in the global energy system is dependent on the complex interplay of four major factors as novel biomass-to-fuel conversion processes for increas- ing the yield of usable energy from each unitBiomass energy: the scale of the potential resource Christopher B. Field1 , J. Elliott Campbell1

346

Relative light yield and temporal response of a stilbene-doped bibenzyl organic scintillator for neutron detection  

SciTech Connect

The neutron time-of-flight (nTOF) diagnostics used to characterize implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) has necessitated the development of novel scintillators that exhibit a rapid temporal response and high light yield. One such material, a bibenzyl-stilbene mixed single-crystal organic scintillator grown in a 99.5:0.5 ratio in solution, has become the standard scintillator used for nTOF diagnostics at NIF. The prompt fluorescence lifetime and relative light yield as a function of proton energy were determined to calibrate this material as a neutron detector. The temporal evolution of the intensity of the prompt fluorescent response was modeled using first-order reaction kinetics and the prompt fluorescence decay constant was determined to be 2.46??0.01 (fit)??0.13 (systematic) ns. The relative response of the bibenzyl-stilbene mixed crystal generated by recoiling protons was measured, and results were analyzed using Birks' relation to quantify the non-radiative quenching of excitation energy in the scintillator.

Brown, J. A.; Goldblum, B. L., E-mail: bethany@nuc.berkeley.edu; Brickner, N. M.; Daub, B. H.; Kaufman, G. S.; Bibber, K. van; Vujic, J. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Bernstein, L. A.; Bleuel, D. L.; Caggiano, J. A.; Hatarik, R.; Phillips, T. W.; Zaitseva, N. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Wender, S. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

347

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Research Topics Renewable Energy Renewable Energy he Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) 2014 Postdoctoral Research Awards are sponsored by: Solar Energy...

348

Energy 101 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Literacy Energy 101 Energy 101 What is the Energy 101 Initiative? The Energy 101 Dialogue Series: Dialogue 1: Energy in the Classroom Webinar Slides Increasing opportunities...

349

B {yields} {pi}K puzzle: Solutions in the Standard Model and in New Physics  

SciTech Connect

The present B {yields} {pi}K data is studied in the context of the standard model (SM) and with new physics (NP). We confirm that the SM has difficulties explaining the B {yields} {pi}K measurements. By adopting an effective-lagrangian parametrization of NP effects, we are able to rule out several classes of NP. Our model-independent analysis shows that the B {yields} {pi}K data can be accommodated by NP in the electroweak penguin sector.

Baek, Seungwon; Hamel, Philippe; London, David [Physique des Particules, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, succ. centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Datta, Alakabha [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A7 (Canada); Suprun, Denis A. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

350

A portable and high energy efficient desalination/purification system by ion concentration polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shortage of fresh water is one of the acute challenges that the world is facing now and, thus, energy efficient desalination strategies can provide substantial answers for the water-crisis. Current desalination methods ...

Kim, Sung Jae

351

Dirty Air Conditioners: Energy Implications of Coil Fouling Jeffrey Siegel, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory/ UC Berkeley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berkeley National Laboratory ABSTRACT Residential air conditioning is responsible for a substantial amount greater for marginal systems or extreme conditions. These energy issues, as well as possible indoor air conditioning commissioning and maintenance practices. Introduction Residential air conditioning is responsible

352

Cost Savings and Energy Reduction: Bi-Level Lighting Retrofits in Multifamily Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Community Environmental Center implements Bi- Level Lighting fixtures as a component of cost-effective multifamily retrofits. These systems achieve substantial energy savings by automatically reducing lighting levels when common areas are unoccupied...

Ackley, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Entropy in C12+Au197 at intermediate energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotopically resolved yields of complex particles and fragments from the reaction C12 on Au197 at three bombarding energies EA=30,48,and84 MeV were measured. Specific entropies SA were derived from the isotope yield ratios using a quantum statistical model. The entropy increases with the bombarding energy in the case of preequilibrium light particles but, for intermediate mass fragments, has an energy-independent value of SA?2.3.

R. Trockel; K. D. Hildenbrand; U. Lynen; W. F. J. Mller; H. J. Rabe; H. Sann; H. Stelzer; W. Trautmann; R. Wada; E. Eckert; J. Pochodzalla; N. Brummund

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Assessing the utility of coals elementary composition in predicting the yield of coking products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elementary analysis of the organic mass of coal does not provide sufficient information to predict the yield of coking products, since it does not reflect the...

M. L. Ulanovskii

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Thick-Target Neutron Yield from the 19F(alpha,n) Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thick-target neutron yields from the 19F(alpha,n) reaction are reported for E(alpha) = 3.5 - 10.0 MeV.

E. B. Norman; T. E. Chupp; K. T. Lesko; G. L. Woodruff; P. J. Grant

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The effects of alternative housing on pork carcass quality and yield characteristics /by Randall Long.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Quality and yield characteristics of finishing hogs in alternative and conventional confinement were evaluated. Trials were conducted June _October 2008, using a hoop barn (designed (more)

Long, Randall.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Thick-Target Neutron Yield from the 19F(alpha,n) Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thick-target neutron yields from the 19F(alpha,n) reaction are reported for E(alpha) = 3.5 - 10.0 MeV.

Norman, E B; Lesko, K T; Woodruff, G L; Grant, P J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Issues and Challenges in Energy Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

long received management and technical attention because energy is the largest operating expense for petroleum refmeries and many chemical plants. Energy Is Largest Operating Expense Refining US Europe Asia Worldwide Olefins Percent 41 36... chemicals, which permits comparison of olefm plants with widely different feedstocks and product yields. We benchmark energy consumption in refining using a methodology that sets energy consumption standards for each of the many refining processes...

Birchfield, G. S.

359

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

360

Effects of No-Till on Yields as Influenced by Crop and Environmental Factors  

SciTech Connect

Th is research evaluated diff erences in yields and associated downside risk from using no-till and tillage practices. Yields from 442 paired tillage experiments across the United States were evaluated with respect to six crops and environmental factors including geographic location, annual precipitation, soil texture, and time since conversion from tillage to no-till. Results indicated that mean yields for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with no-till were greater than with tillage. In addition, no-till tended to produce similar or greater mean yields than tillage for crops grown on loamy soils in the Southern Seaboard and Mississippi Portal regions. A warmer and more humid climate and warmer soils in these regions relative to the Heartland, Basin and Range, and Fruitful Rim regions appear to favor no-till on loamy soils. With the exception of corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the Southern Seaboard region, no-till performed poorly on sandy soils. Crops grown in the Southern Seaboard were less likely to have lower no-till yields than tillage yields on loamy soils and thus had lower downside yield risk than other farm resource regions. Consistent with mean yield results, soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and wheat grown on sandy soils in the Southern Seaboard region using no-till had larger downside yield risks than when produced with no-till on loamy soils. Th e key fi ndings of this study support the hypothesis that soil and climate factors impact no-till yields relative to tillage yields and may be an important factor infl uencing risk and expected return and the adoption of the practice by farmers.

Toliver, Dustin K.; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, B.C.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; West, Tristram O.

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Best Practices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Best Practices Best Practices Facilities Asset Management Best Practices A best practice is a specific process that works and creates ideas, options and insights for others. The following best practices highlight best practice policies and success stories from across the U.S. Federal Government that have substantially improved the management of Federal inventory through: improved financial performance, increased efficiency and productivity, promoted sustainable development, reduced costs and time, saved energy, and supported strategic goals of Federal agencies. Find out more about: Resource Conservation DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security, Best Practices in Sustainable Environmental Stewardship, 2008 Federal Energy Management Program, Metering Best Practices, A Guide

362

Home Energy Saver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work-Arounds Work-Arounds While the Home Energy Saver is the most comprehensive home energy model available on the web, there are inevitably specific systems or features that we have not yet explicitly incorporated. In some cases, there are reasonable work-arounds that the user can use to approximate the energy use of such features or systems. For example: Evaporative Cooling: HES Does not model Evaporative coolers. However, you can specify an appropriately high SEER (e.g. 22) in the air conditioning description to approximate the relatively low energy use of evaporative coolers. Note that this method will not yield any information about the water consumption by evaporative coolers, which also has a cost and other implications. Extended Vacations: HES does not explicitly allow you to specify

363

GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Georgia has substantial natural resources, including biomass and hydroelectric power .The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Georgia are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to environmental cleanup and alternative fuels and vehicles. Through these investments, Georgia's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Georgia to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

364

CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT California has substantial natural resources, including oil, gas, solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric power .The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in California are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar and wind, geothermal and biofuels, carbon capture and storage, and environmental cleanup. Through these investments, California's businesses, universities, national labs, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning California to play an important role in the new energy economy

365

GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Georgia has substantial natural resources, including biomass and hydroelectric power .The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Georgia are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to environmental cleanup and alternative fuels and vehicles. Through these investments, Georgia's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Georgia to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. GEORGIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

366

ALASKA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALASKA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ALASKA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT ALASKA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Alaska has substantial natural resources, including oil, gas, coal, solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric power .The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Alaska are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and electric grid improvements to geothermal power. Through these investments, Alaska's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Alaska to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. ALASKA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT More Documents & Publications

367

CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT CALIFORNIA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT California has substantial natural resources, including oil, gas, solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric power .The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in California are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar and wind, geothermal and biofuels, carbon capture and storage, and environmental cleanup. Through these investments, California's businesses, universities, national labs, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning California to play an important role in the new energy economy

368

Influence of Combustion Conditions on Yields of Solvent-Extractable Anhydrosugars and Lignin Phenols in Chars: Implications for Characterizations of Biomass Combustion Residues  

SciTech Connect

Anhydrosugars, such as levoglucosan and its isomers (mannosan, galactosan), as well as the solvent-extractable lignin phenols (methoxylated phenols) are thermal degradation products of cellulose/hemicellulos and lignin, respectively. These two groups of biomarkers are often used as unique tracers of combusted biomass inputs in diverse environmental media. However, detail characterization of the relative proportion and signatures of these compounds in highly heterogeneous plant-derived chars/charcoals are still scarce. Here we conducted a systematic study to investigate the yields of solvent-extractable anhydrosugars and lignin phenols in twenty-five lab-made chars produced from different plant materials under different combustion conditions. Solvent extractable anhydrosugars and lignin phenols were only observed in chars formed below 350 C and yields were variable across different combustion temperatures. The yields mannosan (M) and galactosan (G) decreased more rapidly than those of levoglucosan (L) under increasing combustion severity (temp. and duration), resulting in variable L/M and L/(M+G) ratios, two diagnostic ratios often used for identification of combustion sources (e.g. hardwoods vs. softwoods vs. grasses). On the other hand, the results of this study suggest that the ratios of the major solvent-extractable lignin phenols (vanillyls (V), syringyls (S), cinnamyls (C)) provide additional source reconstruction potential despite observed variations with combustion temperature. We thus propose using a property property plot (L/M vs. S/V) as an improved means for source characterization of biomass combustion residues. The L/M-S/V plot has shown to be effective in environmental samples (soil organic matter, atmospheric aerosols) receiving substantial inputs of biomass combustion residues.

Kuo, Li-Jung; Louchouarn, Patrick; Herbert, Bruce

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sun is the main source of all alternative energies on the earths surface. Wind energy, bioenergy, ocean energy, and hydro energy are derived from the sun. However,...solar energy refers to the energy that is...

Tushar K. Ghosh; Mark A. Prelas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Yields of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Reactions between Ozone and Surface-Adsorbed d-Limonene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yields of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Reactions between Ozone and Surface-Adsorbed d, terpenes can adsorb onto building materials, and Springs et al. (2011) determined that ozone did, in fact, react with terpenes adsorbed to surfaces. The purpose of this work was to determine the yield of ozone

Siegel, Jeffrey

371

Neutron monitor yield function: New improved computations A. L. Mishev,1,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron monitor yield function: New improved computations A. L. Mishev,1,3 I. G. Usoskin,1,2 and G June 2013. [1] A ground-based neutron monitor (NM) is a standard tool to measure cosmic ray (CR experimental data. Citation: Mishev, A. L., I. G. Usoskin, and G. A. Kovaltsov (2013), Neutron monitor yield

Usoskin, Ilya G.

372

Cotton Yield Mapping and Guidance Systems on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cotton Yield Mapping and Guidance Systems on the Texas High Plains Randy Boman, Alan Brashears variability. A yield mapping system measures and records the amount of cotton being harvested at any point in the transport posi- tion. This system has the advantage of directly measuring the harvested cotton in the basket

Mukhtar, Saqib

373

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

Olson, Tamara

374

Effects of nitrogen application on the yield and quality of F1-hybrid tomato seeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase of N from 4 to 8 meq/l at the reproductive stage of tomato seed production (day 42), produced a significantly higher seed yield in the upper cluster that resulted in a high yield of total seed per plant....

Ani Andayani Soedjana; Isao Hasegawa

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Partial Memory Protection Scheme for Higher Effective Yield of Embedded Memory for Video Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Partial Memory Protection Scheme for Higher Effective Yield of Embedded Memory for Video Data the on-chip embedded memory will occupy most of the silicon real estate. As the technology proceeds into very deep submicron, the yield of SoCs will drop sharply mainly because of the on-chip memory failure

Eltawil, Ahmed

376

The results of a world-wide study on yield improvement are presented. Die yields col-lected from 21 fabs are transformed via a logit formula and compared. The die yields and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-aided manufacturing practices and statistical process control practices in addition to commonly cited practices improvement rates of the fabs are compared, and manufacturing yield improve- ment practices are evaluated such as particle control and advanced manufacturing technology. #12;Introduction The results of a world-wide study

California at Berkeley, University of

377

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Title Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Larsen, Peter H., Charles A. Goldman, Donald Gilligan, and Terry E. Singer Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 2012 Publisher ACEEE Conference Location Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California Abstract This paper evaluates the issue of non-energy benefits within the context of the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry-a growing industry comprised of companies that provide energy savings and other benefits to customers through the use of performance-based contracting. Recent analysis has found that ESCO projects in the public/institutional sector, especially at K-12 schools, are using performance-based contracting, at the behest of the customers, to partially -- but not fully -- offset substantial accumulated deferred maintenance needs (e.g., asbestos removal, wiring) and measures that have very long paybacks (roof replacement). This trend is affecting the traditional economic measures policymakers use to evaluate success on a benefit to cost basis. Moreover, the value of non-energy benefits which can offset some or all of the cost of the non-energy measures -- including operations and maintenance (O&M) savings, avoided capital costs, and tradable pollution emissions allowances -- are not always incorporated into a formal cost-effectiveness analysis of ESCO projects. Non- energy benefits are clearly important to customers, but state and federal laws that govern the acceptance of these types of benefits for ESCO projects vary widely (i.e., 0-100% of allowable savings can come from one or more non-energy categories). Clear and consistent guidance on what types of savings are recognized in Energy Savings Agreements under performance contracts is necessary, particularly where customers are searching for deep energy efficiency gains in the building sector.

378

West Virginia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 13, 2010 May 13, 2010 CX-002246: Categorical Exclusion Determination Decommission of B4, 112, Atmospheric Cold Flow Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B1.24, B1.27, B1.31 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory May 13, 2010 CX-002573: Categorical Exclusion Determination Millsop Community Center Energy Reduction Renovations CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B1.4, B5.1 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Weirton, West Virginia Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 10, 2010 CX-002372: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building 17 and 19 Utility Meter Install CX(s) Applied: B1.15, B2.2 Date: 05/10/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 23, 2010 Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings

379

Nuclear Energy & Energy Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Safety issues related to use of nuclear energy and secure operation of nuclear installations are mail stones of great importance. Although none of technologies producing energy are absolutely safe it is obvious t...

Jumber Mamasakhlisi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

To study of different level of nitrogen manure and density on yield and yield component of variety of K.S.C 704 in dry region of sistan  

SciTech Connect

Out of three grain of the world, Corn is one of the best, About 7 to 10 thousand years ago in south of Mexico corn become domesticated. In the year 1995 culfivation of corn in the world was 130 mil/ha, and to Total production of the world of corn is 507 M/Tons. Average yield of corn in the year 1995 Among Producer countries was 7.78 To 7.60 t/ha in fance and united state was state was 2.36 To 2.20 t/ha, but in Brazil and Mexico Production of corn was different. With this regards, special manner has been arranged for the suitable cultivation or suitable density plants in one heactar on cultivation variety of K.S.C 704 corn. Also suitable level of Nitrogen manure, this Protect in climatic condition of Sistan region done, sith complete block design with 3 replication. Experiment has been selected as split plot, the main plot with 4 different concentration level such as (200-250-3500 and 350 Kg/ha) and sub plot density with 3 different level such as 111000,83000 and 66000 plan/ha respectively. From stage growth up to harvesting of corn in this reache having Data for each treat. ment, After harvesting Analysis of variance and companion of Average of each treatment has been done by DunKan method. Results has been shown, Measurment of characteristics (yield component) seed yield effected different density level of manure, with increasing of manure weight of one thousand seed yield and also in high density showed high significant differente amoung each other. These are with suitable climatic condition of sistan region if enough water will be available ed using Amount of 350 ks/ha Nitrogen manure and with density 111000 plants/ha we can product suitable seed yield Biological yield.

Dahmardeh, M.; Forghani, F.; Khammari, E. [Department of Agronomy, Plant breeding and genetic, Faculty of Agricutlure, Zabol University (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Substantial enhancement in intrinsic coercivity on M-type strontium hexaferrite through the increase in magneto-crystalline anisotropy by co-doping of group-V and alkali elements  

SciTech Connect

The effect of d{sup 1} impurity doping in Sr-hexaferrite (SrM) on the magnetic anisotropy is investigated. First-principles calculations revealed that group-V elements (V, Nb) are stabilized with co-doping of alkali elements. Na{sup 1+}/K{sup 1+} doping at Sr{sup 2+}-site is found to be critical to form the d{sup 1} impurities at Fe-site. Experimentally, NaV doped SrM shows the intrinsic coercivity of ?5.4 kOe, which is ?300% enhancement compared to undoped SrM and comparable value to LaCo co-doped SrM. Finally, the spin-orbit coupling from non-vanishing angular momentum of d{sup 1} impurity in SrM should be a main factor for such a substantial improvement of intrinsic coercivity.

Ahn, Kyunghan, E-mail: kyunghan.ahn@samsung.com; Ryu, Byungki; Korolev, Dmitry; Jae Kang, Young [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

382

Rate-Harmonized Scheduling for Saving Energy Anthony Rowe Karthik Lakshmanan Haifeng Zhu Ragunathan (Raj) Rajkumar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rate-Harmonized Scheduling for Saving Energy Anthony Rowe Karthik Lakshmanan Haifeng Zhu Ragunathan mode, substantially more energy savings can be obtained but it requires a significant amount of time such that processor idle times are lumped together. We next introduce the Energy-Saving Rate-Harmonized Scheduler

Rowe, Anthony

383

Synoptic studies of 17 blazars detected in very high-energy -rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......substantially lower energy thresholds of the...enabled some of the new blazar discoveries...REMARKS Before the new generation of IACT...them differential energy spectra had been...Ser. 745, High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy...Inst. Phys., New York, p. 23. Punch......

R. M. Wagner

2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

384

Precision Measurement of the Ratio B(t{yields}Wb)/B(t{yields}Wq) and Extraction of V{sub tb}  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the ratio of top quark branching fractions R=B(t{yields}Wb)/B(t{yields}Wq), where q can be a d, s, or b quark, in the lepton+jets and dilepton tt final states. The measurement uses data from 5.4 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We measure R=0.90{+-}0.04, and we extract the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix element |V{sub tb}| as |V{sub tb}|=0.95{+-}0.02, assuming unitarity of the 3x3 CKM matrix.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Jayasinghe, A.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M.; Svoisky, P. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Acharya, B. S.; Banerjee, S.; Mondal, N. K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India); Adams, M.; Bazterra, V. [University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

385

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource  

SciTech Connect

This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration?¢????s (NOAA?¢????s) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables wave diffraction to substantially reestablish wave power densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices. The total available wave energy resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge, based on accumulating unit circle wave power densities, is estimated to be 2,640 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 590 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 240 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 80 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 1570 TWh/yr for Alaska, 130 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 30 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico. The total recoverable wave energy resource, as constrained by an array capacity packing density of 15 megawatts per kilometer of coastline, with a 100-fold operating range between threshold and maximum operating conditions in terms of input wave power density available to such arrays, yields a total recoverable resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge of 1,170 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 250 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 160 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 60 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 620 TWh/yr for Alaska, 80 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 20 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico.

Paul T. Jacobson; George Hagerman; George Scott

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Covered Product Category: ENERGY STAR Displays | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Displays Displays Covered Product Category: ENERGY STAR Displays October 7, 2013 - 10:56am Addthis Did you know? Enabling the power management features on displays substantially reduces energy use and related operating cost. FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including displays, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. This acquisition guidance and associated ENERGY STAR product specifications apply to products such as computer monitors, digital picture frames, and professional signage. Products with screen sizes greater than 60 inches and

387

Covered Product Category: ENERGY STAR Computers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Computers Computers Covered Product Category: ENERGY STAR Computers October 7, 2013 - 10:55am Addthis Did you know? Enabling the power management features on computers substantially reduces energy use and related operating cost. FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including computers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. This acquisition guidance and associated ENERGY STAR product specifications applies to desktop, notebook, and integrated desktop computers; thin-client and small-scale servers; workstations; and game consoles. Computer servers,

388

Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Tyrrell County, located in northeastern North Carolina, adopted a wind ordinance in 2009 to regulate the use of wind energy facilities in the unincorporated areas of the county. The ordinance is substantially similar to the [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... model wind ordinance] drafted by the North Carolina Wind Working Group, and

389

Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Hyde County Hyde County, located in eastern North Carolina, adopted a wind ordinance in 2008 to regulate the use of wind energy facilities throughout the county, including waters within the boundaries of Hyde County. The ordinance is substantially similar to the [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... model wind ordinance] drafted by the North Carolina Wind Working Group, and

390

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 2490 of 26,777 results. 81 - 2490 of 26,777 results. Download DOE-SPEC-1142-2001 Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Testing This specification is for beryllium lymphocyte proliferation tests (BeLPT) used for detecting an individual's sensitivity to beryllium and for clinical evaluation and diagnosis of patients for chronic beryllium disease. This specification should be used in all contracts with laboratories for the purchase of BeLPT Services. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/doe-spec-1142-2001 Download Substantially Underserved Trust Areas (SUTA) Federal Register http://energy.gov/indianenergy/downloads/substantially-underserved-trust-areas-suta-federal-register Page Local Leaders: Respond to an Energy Emergency Disclaimer: Because every emergency is different, it is important for your

391

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Line-of-Credit to Term Loans (Connecticut) Line-of-Credit to Term Loans (Connecticut) CDA's Line-of-Credit to Term Loans good for one year for capital expenditures, converting to a fully amortizing term loan. Funds may be used for building expansion, equipment, or IT upgrades. October 16, 2013 Life-Cycle Analysis and Energy Efficiency in State Buildings Several provisions of Missouri law govern energy efficiency in state facilities. In 1993 Missouri enacted legislation requiring life-cycle cost analysis for all new construction of state buildings and substantial renovations of existing state buildings when major energy systems are involved. Substantial renovations involve projects that will affect at least 50% of the building's square footage or cost at least 50% of its market value. October 16, 2013

392

Dilute Acid Hydrolysis of Oligomers in Hydrothermal Pretreatment Hydrolyzate into Monomers with High Yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Klass DL. 1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, andNational Renewable Energy Laboratory.2003, Biomass feedstockKlass DL. 1998. Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels and

Tsai, Yueh-Du

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Dilute Acid Hydrolysis of Oligomers in Hydrothermal Pretreatment Hydrolyzate into Monomers with High Yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. 2007. Ethanol for a sustainable energy future. ScienceA. 2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmentalof ethanol is captured when growing new energy crops to

Tsai, Yueh-Du

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Water Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

tax issues; and finance. Source: Stoel Rives LLP. EERE Video Resources Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy News Articles and Blogs Energy...

395

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Sources Energy Sources Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Learn more about energy from solar, wind, water, geothermal and biomass. Read more Nuclear Nuclear Learn more about how we...

396

Partitioning of seismo-acoustic motions for near-surface explosions and yield estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Explosions near the Earths surface excite both atmospheric overpressure and seismic ground motions. The amplitudes of air-blast (and hence acoustic/infrasound) overpressures and seismic motions depend on the explosive yield as well as the height-of-burst (HOB for above ground emplacement) or depth-of-burial (DOB for buried emplacement). We present analysis of air-blast overpressures and seismic motions with the goal of developing methods for robust yield estimation for near-surface blasts. Our investigations are based on the HUMBLE REDWOOD set of chemical high-explosive tests at Kirkland Air Force Base in Albuquerque NM. We find that the air-blast positive phase impulse and seismic P-wave zero-to-peak displacement amplitude are robust estimators of yield. An empirical model for the amplitudes as a function of yield range and HOB/DOB is presented and allows estimation of yield and HOB/DOB given a set of air-blast and seismic measurements. We find that yield and HOB/DOB can be estimated simultaneously by combining air-blast and seismic measurements. Strong trade-offs between the amplitudes and the yield and HOB/DOB for a single measurement type inhibit accurate estimates. However simultaneous inversion of both overpressure and seismic measurements improve estimates justifying combined seismo-acoustic analysis.

Arthur Rodgers

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quantification of the influence of directional sea state parameters over the performances of wave energy converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate predictions of the annual energy yield from wave energy converters are essential to the development of the wave industry. The current method based on power matrices uses only a small part of the data available ...

Pascal, Remy Claude Rene

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

398

Using Magnets to Keep Cool: Breakthrough Technology Boosts Energy Efficiency of Refrigerators  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

New technology funded by the Energy Department has led to a major breakthrough in refrigeration systems that could yield big energy savings for consumers and greatly reduce carbon pollution.

399

The darkness that shaped the void: dark energy and cosmic voids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......a different nature of dark energy. To address the question...whether galaxy redshift surveys yield sufficiently accurate...morphologies, voids in the dark matter distribution are...et al. 2010), The Dark Energy Survey and large weak-lensing......

E. G. Patrick Bos; Rien van de Weygaert; Klaus Dolag; Valeria Pettorino

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

400

Biomass Storage Options Influence Net Energy and Emissions of Cellulosic Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incremental biomass losses during the harvest and storage of energy crops decrease the effective crop yield at ... expand the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREETTM...) m...

Isaac Emery; Jennifer B. Dunn; Jeongwoo Han; Michael Wang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The response of the chlorobenzene-ethanol-trimethylpentane dosimeter to medium energy X-rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy dependence of the radiation chemical yield of hydrochloric acid, G(HCl), of chlorobenzene-ethanol-trimethylpentane (CET) dosimetry system was investigated to medium energy X-rays (210, 150 and 120 kV maxim...

S. Miljani?; D. Raem

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Effects of scale-up on oil and gas yields in a solid-recycle bed oil shale retorting process  

SciTech Connect

Fluidized bed pyrolysis of oil shale in a non-hydrogen atmosphere has been shown to significantly increase oil yield in laboratory-scale reactors compared to the Fischer assay by many workers. The enhancement in oil yield by this relatively simple and efficient thermal technique has led to the development of several oil shale retorting processes based on fluidized bed and related technologies over the past fifteen years. Since 1986, the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) has been developing one such process, KENTORT II, which is mainly tailored for the Devonian oil shales that occur in the eastern U.S. The process contains three main fluidized bed zones to pyrolyze, gasify, and combust the oil shale. A fourth fluidized bed zone serves to cool the spent shale prior to exiting the system. The autothermal process utilizes processed shale recirculation to transfer heat from the combustion to the gasification and pyrolysis zones. The CAER is currently testing the KENTORT II process in a 22.7-kg/hr process-development unit (PDU).

Carter, S.D.; Taulbee, D.N.; Vego, A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Energy Programs | Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Solar Energy Harnessing the Sun's Power for Fuel and Electricity Page 1 of 2 Solar Panels Featured Publication: Artificial Photosynthesis The average power need of the world's energy economy is 13 terawatts - a thousand trillion watts of power - and by 2050, that amount is expected to double. Fossil fuels and other nonrenewable sources are not the answer to the world's ever-expanding need for energy. Also, burning oil, coal or natural gas pollutes the atmosphere and contributes to global warming, which threatens the long-term viability of the earth and its inhabitants. Efficient utilization of energy from the sun may provide a solution to this important problem. The amount of clean, renewable energy derived from the sun in just one hour would meet the world's energy needs for a year. If

404

Energy Resource Library | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Tribal Case Studies Energy Biomass and Waste-to-Energy Energy Efficiency Fossil Energy Geothermal Energy Renewable Energy Technologies Overview Solar Energy Water Energy Wind...

405

Monitoring Buildings with Energy Management and Control Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Monitoring Buildings with Energy Management and Control Systems Monitoring and evaluation are important parts of all energy-efficiency programs. With the increasing regulatory requirements for verification of demand-side management program savings and continued development of more innovative financing mechanisms, the ability to substantiate claims of energy savings using measured data takes on added importance. Although expensive, the accurate monitoring of energy consumption and building operations is a necessary part of conservation savings analysis. Energy management and control systems (EMCSs), intended for building operations and control functions, already contain most of the same equipment usually installed for energy monitoring and can often be used for

406

Comparison of product yields obtained from the New Albany Shale by different rapid heating retorting procedures  

SciTech Connect

Seven samples of New Albany Shale, Clegg Creek Member were independently evaluated for possible oil yield enhancement above Fischer Assay. Bulk samples were crushed, blended, sieved and riffled into representative aliquots and then divided between two laboratories. Samples were evaluated by the ASTM Fischer Assay and the Rapid Heat Up Assay (RHU). Results provided the first case of the independent evaluation of oil yield enhancement over Fischer Assay (FA) for eastern US oil shales carried out by different laboratories working on the same samples. Oil yield enhancements were obtained by both laboratories. Fischer Assay results were remarkably comparable indicating that reproducibility is possible for eastern US shale. Results from the assays are given.

Rubel, A.M.; Audeh, C.A.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The influence of date and rate of seeding wheat on yield of grain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

yields from (). pe cks at Hays, Kansas, Lind, Wasnington and Aberdeen, Idaho. The 5-peck rate of seeding gave the highest yield at High mors and Bz ooking, South Dakota, Archer, Wyoming, and Amarillo, Texas. Highest yield from the 6-peck seeding wer e... obtained at Akron, Colorado, Lawton, Okla- homa, and Nepnai, Utan; from the 7-peck seeding at Newell, South Dakota, and Illloro, Oregon; and from the B-peck seeding at Sheridan, IVyoming. At no station was the r ate of 2 pecks per acr e suff icient f...

Shamma, Wifki Shakir El-

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

408

Nuclear Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear Energy ... A brief summary of the history and key concepts of nuclear energy. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

Charles D. Mickey

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Best practices, project resources, and other tools on energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies.

410

Measurements of the mass and isotopic yields of the {sup 233}U(n{sub th},f) reaction at the Lohengrin spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 10 years, a vast campaign of measurements has been initiated to improve the precision of neutron data for the involved key nuclei ({sup 232}Th, {sup 233}Pa and {sup 233}U) of the innovative Th -{sup 233}U cycle. This latter might indeed provide cleaner nuclear energy than the present U-Pu one. New measurements of charge and mass distributions of the fission products have been achieved at the Lohengrin spectrometer of the Inst. Laue-Langevin (ILL) during fall 2010 to complete the experimental data of {sup 233}U(n,f) that exist mainly for light fission fragments. That is why we performed measurements of mass and isotopic yields with a special focus on the heavy fission fragment part. Mass yields were measured by ion counting with an ionization chamber after separation by the Lohengrin spectrometer. Isotopic yields were derived from gamma spectrometry of mass-separated beams using HPGe clover detectors. This paper will present the results of these fission yield measurements along with details on the experimental set-up and the chosen analysis method. (authors)

Martin, F.; Sage, C.; Kessedjian, G. [LPSC, UJF Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Grenoble (France); Bacri, C. O. [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3, Univ. Paris-Sud (France); Bidaud, A.; Billebaud, A.; Capellan, N.; Chabod, S. [LPSC, UJF Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Grenoble (France); Cywinski, R. [Dept. Chemical and Biological Sciences, Univ. Ruddersfield (United Kingdom); Doligez, X. [IPN, CNRS/IN2P3, Univ. Paris-Sud (France); Faust, H.; Koester, U. [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France); Letourneau, A.; Materna, T. [DSM/IRFU/SPhN, CEA Saclay (France); Mathieu, L. [CENBG, Universite de Bordeaux 1 (France); Meplan, O. [LPSC, UJF Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Grenoble (France); Panebianco, S. [DSM/IRFU/SPhN, CEA Saclay (France); Serot, O. [DEN/DER/SPRC/LEPh, CEA Cadarache (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF HUMIDITY CONTROL APPROACHES IN VACANT FLORIDA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but it yielded insufficient RH control during cloudy weather. Furthermore, AC energy use peaks during the utilitys peak demand period. Running the AC system for two hours a day (3-5 AM) yielded effective and energy efficient RH control. Operation of a...

Cummings, J. B.; Withers, C. R.

412

California energy flow in 1993  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992--1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy`s contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state`s largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1--1/2% of the total electric supply--up slightly from 1992. Several solar photo voltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Loss of High-Energy Phosphate following Hyperthermia Demonstrated by in Vivo 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...even after substantial heat exposure. An obvious...discrepancy is that the loss of high-energy phos...correlation between loss of ATP, cell kill, and heat dose, when compared...Inhomogenous heat distribution, variable metabolic...

Michael B. Lilly; Thian C. Ng; William T. Evanochko; Charles R. Katholi; Narinder G. Kumar; Gabriel A. Elgavish; John R. Durant; Raymond Hiramoto; Vithal Ghanta; and Jerry D. Glickson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Contract DE-AC36-83CH10093 Energy Efficiency 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is a measure of how much value we get from energy that we consume; any increase in efficiency means a decrease in use and consequently savings in cost, pollution, carbon emissions, and foreign dependence. Estimates of past and potential future energy and cost savings resulting from increases in energy efficiency vary widely, but all suggest that it is one of our most substantial "new energy " resources.

unknown authors

415

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Speaker(s): Ravi Prasher Date: August 25, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Ashok Gadgil World energy demand is expected to reach ~30 TW by 2050 from the current demand of ~13 TW. This requires substantial technological innovation. Thermal energy transport and conversion play a very significant role in more than 90% of energy technologies. All four modes of thermal energy transport, conduction, convection, radiation, and phase change (e.g. evaporation/boiling) are important in various energy technologies such as vapor compression power plants, refrigeration, internal combustion engines and building heating/cooling. Similarly thermal transport play a critical role in electronics cooling as the performance and reliability of

416

The relation of energy and organic carbon in aquatic invertebrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oct 24, 1975 ... The ratio of energy content to the weight of organic carbon ... Even the use of the mean conversion factor of 46 kJ g-l organic carbon yields.

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

Strangeness production at SPS energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a summary of measurements of strange particles performed by the experiment NA49 in central and minimum bias Pb+Pb collisions in the beam energy range 20A - 158A GeV. New results on Xi production in central Pb+Pb collisions and on Lambda, Xi production in minimum bias collisions are shown. Transverse mass spectra and rapidity distributions of strange particles at different energies are compared. The energy dependence of the particle yields and ratios is discussed. NA49 measurements of the Lambda and Xi enhancement factors are shown for the first time.

Michael Mitrovski

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

418

Hyperon production at CERN SPS energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New experimental results of NA49 on hyperon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at the SPS energies are presented. In particular, measurements of $\\Lambda$ production at 30 A$\\cdot$GeV and $\\Xi$ and $\\Omega$ production at 40 A$\\cdot$GeV are shown. Transverse mass spectra and rapidity distributions of hyperons at different energies are compared. The energy dependence of the particle yields and ratios is discussed.

Michael Mitrovski; for the NA49 collaboration

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

419

A viscoplasticity model with an enhanced control of the yield surface distortion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new model of metal viscoplasticity, which takes combined isotropic, kinematic, and distortional hardening into account, is presented. The basic modeling assumptions are illustrated using a new two-dimensional rheological analogy. This demonstrative rheological model is used as a guideline for the construction of constitutive relations. The nonlinear kinematic hardening is captured using the well-known Armstrong-Frederick approach. The distortion of the yield surface is described with the help of a so-called distortional backstress. A distinctive feature of the model is that any smooth convex saturated form of the yield surface which is symmetric with respect to the loading direction can be captured. In particular, an arbitrary sharpening of the saturated yield locus in the loading direction combined with a flattening on the opposite side can be covered. Moreover, the yield locus evolves smoothly and its convexity is guaranteed at each hardening stage. A strict proof of the thermodynamic consistency is provi...

Shutov, A V

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute fluorescence yield Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the fluorescence quantum yields, s and r... ) and 3(c) show the absolute TPE spectra for green- and red-fluorescence, respectively. The TPE spectra... Measurement of two-photon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter A and variance of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2 Market price of a future delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Price valuation

Vuik, Kees

422

Electron yield soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions using electron yield detection was demonstrated. This technique provided unambiguous photoabsorption data for hydrated transition-metal compounds and identified the different chemical states of cobalt ions.

Tamenori, Y.

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effects of network-average magnitude bias on yield estimates for underground nuclear explosions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......yield estimates for underground nuclear explosions R. A. Clark Department...ISC, of presumed underground nuclear explosions in Kazakhstan...on estimates for underground nuclear explosions 553 explosions...utilizing a more extensive dataset, including more sources and......

R. A. Clark

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Equivalent plastic strain for the Hill's yield criterion under general three-dimensional loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many industrial applications, an accurate model of the initial yield surface of materials with a significant degree of anisotropy is required. Anisotropy due to preferred orientation can occur in sheet metal parts used ...

Colby, Rebecca B. (Rebecca Bea)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

An ESI-MS Method to Determine Yield and Enantioselectivity in a Single Assay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mass spectrometry assay is presented here that allows for the simultaneous determination of yield and enantioselectivity in a single analysis. The assay makes use of molecules that are structurally similar t...

Maureen E. Smith; Steven A. Knolls

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Significance of Smoking Machine Toxicant Yields to Blood-Level Exposure in Water Pipe Tobacco Smokers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...yields of polyaromatic hydrocarbons, volatile aldehydes...charcoal is used to heat sweetened and flavored...pipe, hot charcoal combustion products are drawn...and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were quantified...Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide...

Alan L. Shihadeh and Thomas E. Eissenberg

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Engineering design automation tool for yield learning model for IC packaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The leading edge of semiconductor manufacturing is the high yield production of semiconductor devices of which integrated circuit packaging has a continuous increasing demand along with integrated circiut functionality. IC packaging manufacturing...

Sarwar, Abul Kalam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield consistent Financial Life Insurance Company (TFLIC) that invests in a diverse pool of high quality fixed: Galliard Capital Management Transamerica Partners Core Bond invests primarily in investment grade debt

Meyers, Steven D.

429

New correlations for dew-point, specific gravity and producing yield for gas condensates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents four newly developed correlations to estimate dew-point pressure, current specific gravity and producing yield of gas condensate reservoirs. The first correlation may be used to predict the dew-point pressure of the reservoir gas...

Ovalle Cortissoz, Adriana Patricia

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Reliability-yield allocation for semiconductor integrated circuits: modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops yield and reliability models for fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits and develops optimization algorithms that can be directly applied to these models. Since defects cause failures in microelectronics systems...

Ha, Chunghun

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Catalytic conversion of cellulose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in high yields via a two-step process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a key renewable chemical for plastics and fine chemicals, the preparation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) from biomass is an...3 was added which lead to a 5-HMF yield of 73% based on cellulose substrate. Th...

Xinhua Qi; Masaru Watanabe; Taku M. Aida; Richard L. Smith Jr.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Shear-Transformation-Zone Theory of Yielding in Athermal Amorphous Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yielding transitions in athermal amorphous materials resemble critical phenomena. Historically, they have been described by the Herschel-Bulkley rheological formula, which implies singular behaviors at yield points. In this paper, I examine this class of phenomena using an elementary version of the thermodynamic shear-transformation-zone (STZ) theory, focusing on the role of the effective disorder temperature, and paying special attention to scaling and dimensional arguments. I find a wide variety of Herschel-Bulkley-like rheologies but, for fundamental reasons not specific to the STZ theory, conclude that the yielding transition is not truly critical. In particular, there is a correlation length that grows rapidly, but ultimately saturates near the yield point.

J. S. Langer

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

434

Marginal yield, technological advances, and emissions timing in corn ethanols carbon payback time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous estimates of carbon payback time (CPT) of corn ethanol expansion assumed that marginal yields of newly ... these estimates assumed that the productivity of corn ethanol system and climate change impacts ...

Yi Yang; Sangwon Suh

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Retail yields and fabrication times for beef subprimals from two grade groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Davey B. Griffin (Chair of Committee) (Member) _____________________________ _____________________________ Julie F. Harlin Chris L. Skaggs (Member) (Member... (s) for fabrication of Beef Rib, Blade Meat (IMPS #109B) from different USDA quality grade groups..............................................................................................17 2 Least squares means of retail yields...

Voges, Kristin Leigh

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

436

Planting density effects on lint yield and quality of three stacked gene cotton cultivars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and development of transgenic cotton cultivars. Field experiments were conducted in 2003 and 2004 at the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station in Burleson County, Texas to assess the effects of plant density on lint yield and fiber quality. Experimental design...

Halfmann, Shane William

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

Sequential water stress in cotton: yield response to stress in early and peak flowering stages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*) was determined independently of SD and CS* was defined as the reduction in yield per unit of stress day factor (SD) for each period of growth. A stress day index analysis was performed using data from a 1985 study (Clark, 1986) and the 1986 study. Plots.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Daily average wind runs for sheltered and unsheltered treatment areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . Table 6. Comparison of 1985 and 1986 yield, water use, and water use...

Prochaska, James Frank

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Yield estimates and comparisons for full custom, standard cell, and gate array design methodologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YIELD ESTIMATES AND COMPARISONS FOR FULL CUSTOM, STANDARD CELL, AND GATE ARRAY DESIGN METHODOLOGIES A Thesis by MARCELLA EVELYN NORTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering YIELD ESTIMATES AND COMPARISONS FOR FULL CUSTOM, STANDARD CELL, AND GATE ARRAY DESIGN METHODOLOGIES A Thesis by MARCELLA EVELYN NORTE Approved...

Norte, Marcella Evelyn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

Asymmetric Yield Function Based on the Stress Invariants for Pressure Sensitive Metals  

SciTech Connect

A general asymmetric yield function is proposed with dependence on the stress invariants for pressure sensitive metals. The pressure sensitivity of the proposed yield function is consistent with the experimental result of Spitzig and Richmond (1984) for steel and aluminum alloys while the asymmetry of the third invariant is preserved to model strength differential (SD) effect of pressure insensitive materials. The proposed yield function is transformed in the space of the stress triaxaility, the von Mises stress and the normalized invariant to theoretically investigate the possible reason of the SD effect. The proposed plasticity model is further extended to characterize the anisotropic behavior of metals both in tension and compression. The extension of the yield function is realized by introducing two distinct fourth-order linear transformation tensors of the stress tensor for the second and third invariants, respectively. The extended yield function reasonably models the evolution of yield surfaces for a zirconium clock-rolled plate during in-plane and through-thickness compression reported by Plunkett et al. (2007). The extended yield function is also applied to describe the orthotropic behavior of a face-centered cubic metal of AA 2008-T4 and two hexagonal close-packed metals of high-purity-titanium and AZ31 magnesium alloy. The orthotropic behavior predicted by the generalized model is compared with experimental results of these metals. The comparison validates that the proposed yield function provides sufficient predictability on SD effect and anisotropic behavior both in tension and compression. When it is necessary to consider r-value anisotropy, the proposed function is efficient to be used with nonassociated flow plasticity by introducing a separate plastic potential for the consideration of r-values as shown in Stoughton & Yoon (2004, 2009).

Jeong Wahn Yoon; Yanshan Lou; Jong Hun Yoon; Michael V. Glazoff

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A conceptual model for determining yield loss due to drought stress in sorghum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A Thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Approved as to style and content by: Marshall J. McFarland (Chair of Committee...

Koch, Paul Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Potential methods of revising USDA quality and yield grade standards for mature carcass cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POTENTIAL METHODS OF REVISING USDA QUALITY AND YIELD GRADE STANDARDS FOR MATURE CARCASS COWS A Thesis RODNEY ROBERT HODGSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Animal Science POTENTIAL METHODS OF REVISING USDA QUALITY AND YIELD GRADE STANDARDS FOR MATURE CARCASS COWS A Thesis RODNEY ROBERT HODGSON Approved as to style and content by: Jeff W...

Hodgson, Rodney Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

442

Effect of time of cutting on yield and botanical composition of prairie hay in southeastern Nebraska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF CUTTING ON YIELD AND BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF PRAIRIE HAY IN SOUTHEASTERN NEBRASKA By ELVERNE C. CONARD IH A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... Grasses, sedges, and rushes . . . . 16 Botanical composition of the hay . . 17 THE LINE-TRANSECT METHOD..................... 20 R E S U L T S .................................... 27 Effect of Time of Cutting on Yield . . . 27 Chemical Analyses...

Conard, Elverne Clyde

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

443

Energy 101: Geothermal Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface, through geothermal heat pumps.

444

Energy Saver | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Save Energy, Save Money Start 2015 with an EnergyResolution to Save Money and Energy All Year Long Start 2015 with an EnergyResolution to Save Money and Energy All Year Long...

445

Mass production of multi-wall carbon nanotubes by metal dusting process with high yield  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Synthesis of carbon nanotubes over Fe-Ni nanoparticles supported alloy 304L. {yields} Production of carbon nanotubes with high yield (700-1000%) and low cost catalyst. {yields} Optimum growth condition is CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C under long term repetitive thermal cycling. {yields} Possibility of the mass production by metal dusting process with low cost. -- Abstract: Carbon nanotube materials were synthesized over Fe-Ni nanoparticles generated during disintegration of the surface of alloy 304L under metal dusting environment. The metal dusting condition was simulated and optimized through exposing stainless steel samples during long term repetitive thermal cycling in CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, total gas flow rate 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C for 300 h. After reaction, surface morphology of the samples and also carbonaceous deposition which had grown on sample surfaces were examined by stereoscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results revealed that multi-wall carbon nanotubes could be formed over nanocatalyst generated on the alloy surface by exploiting metal dusting process. By optimization of reaction parameters the yields of carbon nanotube materials obtained were 700-1000%. Also it has been shown herein that the amount of carbon nanotube materials remarkably increases when the reaction time is extended up to 300 h, indicating a possibility of the mass production by this easy method.

Ghorbani, H. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rashidi, A.M., E-mail: Rashidiam@ripi.ir [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rastegari, S.; Mirdamadi, S. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alaei, M. [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resource Technology Characterizations  

SciTech Connect

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is directing substantial programs in the development and encouragement of new energy technologies. Among them are renewable energy and distributed energy resource technologies. As part of its ongoing effort to document the status and potential of these technologies, DOE EERE directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to lead an effort to develop and publish Distributed Energy Technology Characterizations (TCs) that would provide both the department and energy community with a consistent and objective set of cost and performance data in prospective electric-power generation applications in the United States. Toward that goal, DOE/EERE - joined by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) - published the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations in December 1997.As a follow-up, DOE EERE - joined by the Gas Research Institute - is now publishing this document, Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resource Technology Characterizations.

Goldstein, L.; Hedman, B.; Knowles, D.; Freedman, S. I.; Woods, R.; Schweizer, T.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Soft Capacitors for Wave Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave energy harvesting could be a substantial renewable energy source without impact on the global climate and ecology, yet practical attempts have struggle d with problems of wear and catastrophic failure. An innovative technology for ocean wave energy harvesting was recently proposed, based on the use of soft capacitors. This study presents a realistic theoretical and numerical model for the quantitative characterization of this harvesting method. Parameter regio ns with optimal behavior are found, and novel material descriptors are determined which simplify analysis dramatically. The characteristics of currently ava ilable material are evaluated, and found to merit a very conservative estimate of 10 years for raw material cost recovery.

Karsten Ahnert; Markus Abel; Matthias Kollosche; Per Jrgen Jrgensen; Guggi Kofod

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

Energy Efficiency in Process Plant Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of relative stability, the energy costs have risen substantially. Electricity rates vary by the hour and in some cases are tied to the price of natural gas. In a world of rising energy prices, it becomes important to optimize energy efficiency in design..., the and one for winter is helpful in the analysis. In overall boiler efficiency goes up by some situations, a third case for spring/fall approximately 1% for natural gas fuel. This may also be useful. also reduces fan power usage because the 2. Use low...

Aggarwal, S.

449

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

450

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

451

Energy Reductions Using Next-Generation Remanufacturing Techniques  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project was to develop a radically new surface coating approach that greatly enhances the performance of thermal spray coatings. Rather than relying on a roughened grit blasted substrate surface for developing a mechanical bond between the coating and substrate, which is the normal practice with conventional thermal spraying, a hybrid approach of combining a focused laser beam to thermally treat the substrate surface in the vicinity of the rapidly approaching thermally-sprayed powder particles was developed. This new surface coating process is targeted primarily at enabling remanufacturing of components used in engines, drive trains and undercarriage systems; thereby providing a substantial global opportunity for increasing the magnitude and breadth of parts that are remanufactured through their life cycle, as opposed to simply being replaced by new components. The projected benefits of a new remanufacturing process that increases the quantity of components that are salvaged and reused compared to being fabricated from raw materials will clearly vary based on the specific industry and range of candidate components that are considered. At the outset of this project two different metal processing routes were considered, castings and forgings, and the prototypical components for each process were liners and crankshafts, respectively. The quantities of parts used in the analysis are based on our internal production of approximately 158,000 diesel engines in 2007. This leads to roughly 1,000,000 liners (assuming a mixture of 6- and 8-cylinder engines) and 158,000 crankshafts. Using energy intensity factors for casting and forgings, respectively, of 4450 and 5970 Btu-hr/lb along with the energy-induced CO2 generation factor of 0.00038 lbs CO2/Btu, energy savings of over 17 trillion BTUs and CO2 reductions of over 6.5 million lbs could potentially be realized by remanufacturing the above mentioned quantities of crankshafts and liners. This project supported the Industrial Technologies Program's initiative titled 'Industrial Energy Efficiency Grand Challenge.' To contribute to this Grand Challenge, we. pursued an innovative processing approach for the next generation of thermal spray coatings to capture substantial energy savings and green house gas emission reductions through the remanufacturing of steel and aluminum-based components. The primary goal was to develop a new thermal spray coating process that yields significantly enhanced bond strength. To reach the goal of higher coating bond strength, a laser was coupled with a traditional twin-wire arc (TWA) spray gun to treat the component surface (i.e., heat or partially melt) during deposition. Both ferrous and aluminum-based substrates and coating alloys were examined to determine what materials are more suitable for the laser-assisted twin-wire arc coating technique. Coating adhesion was measured by static tensile and dynamic fatigue techniques, and the results helped to guide the identification of appropriate remanufacturing opportunities that will now be viable due to the increased bond strength of the laser-assisted twin-wire arc coatings. The feasibility of the laser-assisted TWA (LATWA) process was successfully demonstrated in this current effort. Critical processing parameters were identified, and when these were properly controlled, a strong, diffusion bond was developed between the substrate and the deposited coating. Consequently, bond strengths were nearly doubled over those typically obtained using conventional grit-blast TWA coatings. Note, however, that successful LATWA processing was limited to ferrous substrates coated with steel coatings (e.g., 1020 and 1080 steel). With Al-based substrates, it was not possible to avoid melting a thin layer of the substrate during spraying, and this layer re-solidified to form a band of intermetallic phases at the substrate/coating interface, which significantly diminished the coating adhesion. The capability to significantly increase the bond strength with ferrous substrates and coatings may open new reman

Sordelet, Daniel; Racek, Ondrej

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

452

CX-002230: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination 0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002230: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wagoner County District 3 Facility Retrofit CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Wagoner County, Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. This project focuses on the District 3 County facilities. The retrofit is to occur to the district office and the district maintenance building. In the office, the retrofit will increase the energy efficiency substantially. The second half of this project will retrofit the existing maintenance building causing a substantial energy savings. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-002230.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-002229: Categorical Exclusion Determination

453

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis U.S. Department of Energy #12;7 Some tax credits affecting fuel cells were expanded. Through new,000. Grants for Energy Property in Lieu of Tax Credits Allows facilities with insufficient tax liability to apply for a grant instead of claiming the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) or Production Tax Credit (PTC

454

Energy 101: Geothermal Energy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

None

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy 101: Geothermal Energy  

SciTech Connect

See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

None

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

456

Single photon production {nu}{sub l}N{yields}{nu}{sub l}N{gamma} in neutrino-nucleon scattering  

SciTech Connect

The quasielastic charged current (CCQE) {nu}{sub e}n{yields}e{sup -}p scattering is the dominant mechanism to detect appearance of a {nu}{sub e} in an almost {nu}{sub {mu}} flux at the 1 GeV scale. Actual experiments show a precision below 1% and between less known background contributions, but necessary to constraint the event excess, we have the radiative corrections. A consistent model recently developed for the simultaneous description of elastic and radiative {pi}N scattering, pion-photoproduction and single pion production processes, both for charged and neutral current neutrino-nucleon scattering, is extended for the evaluation of the radiative {nu}{sub l}N{yields}{nu}{sub l}N{gamma} cross section. Our results are similar to a previous (but inconsistent) theoretical evaluation in the low energy region, and show an increment in the upper region where the {Delta} resonance becomes relevant.

Barbero, C.; Mariano, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C. C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

457

MHK Technologies/Seatricity wave energy converter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seatricity wave energy converter Seatricity wave energy converter < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Seatricity wave energy converter.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Seatricity Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Seatricity Antigua *MHK Projects/Seatricity Orkney Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7/8: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration & Operation Technology Description In the simplest terms, a float travels up and down with the waves and operates a pump to pressurise sea water which is piped ashore. Many individual pumps are connected together to produce substantial amounts of pressurized water. Once ashore the pressurized sea water is used to drive a standard hydroelectric turbine to produce electricity.

458

Nuclear Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Energy Idaho National Laboratory is the Department of Energy's lead nuclear energy research and development facility. Building upon its legacy responsibilities,...

459

Nuclear Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Programs >> Nuclear Energy Error Error Nuclear Energy Home - RCC cannot be displayed due to a timeout error. We recommend: * Refresh Nuclear Energy Home - RCC * Increasing...

460

Energy Literacy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biomass 2014 Conference Energy Literacy Linda Silverman Education and Workforce Development Department of Energy July 30, 2014 2 | Energy Education and Workforce Development...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

wind energy  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

5%2A en Pantex to Become Wind Energy Research Center http:nnsa.energy.govfieldofficesnponpopressreleasespantex-become-wind-energy-research-center

462

Hybrid Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Energy Integrated energy systems could improve fossil resource utilization, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stabilize renewable energy contributions. These hybrid...

463

Study of calculated and measured time dependent delayed neutron yields. [TX, for calculating delayed neutron yields; MATINV, for matrix inversion; in FORTRAN for LSI-II minicomputer  

SciTech Connect

Time-dependent delayed neutron emission is of interest in reactor design, reactor dynamics, and nuclear physics studies. The delayed neutrons from neutron-induced fission of /sup 232/U, /sup 237/Np, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am, /sup 242m/Am, /sup 245/Cm, and /sup 249/Cf were studied for the first time. The delayed neutron emission from /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U, /sup 239/Pu, /sup 241/Pu, and /sup 242/Pu were measured as well. The data were used to develop an empirical expression for the total delayed neutron yield. The expression gives accurate results for a large variety of nuclides from /sup 232/Th to /sup 252/Cf. The data measuring the decay of delayed neutrons with time were used to derive another empirical expression predicting the delayed neutron emission with time. It was found that nuclides with similar mass-to-charge ratios have similar decay patterns. Thus the relative decay pattern of one nuclide can be established by any measured nuclide with a similar mass-to-charge ratio. A simple fission product yield model was developed and applied to delayed neutron precursors. It accurately predicts observed yield and decay characteristics. In conclusion, it is possible to not only estimate the total delayed neutron yield for a given nuclide but the time-dependent nature of the delayed neutrons as well. Reactors utilizing recycled fuel or burning actinides are likely to have inventories of fissioning nuclides that have not been studied until now. The delayed neutrons from these nuclides can now be incorporated so that their influence on the stability and control of reactors can be delineated. 8 figures, 39 tables.

Waldo, R.W.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Terminology Radiant Energy (J)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terminology Radiant Energy (J) Add time Radiant Flux (J/s) add area Hemispherical Directional add wavelengthadd wavelength Most sensors yield these values I M L L E #12;r dA0 dA1 Source Receiver d0 = dA1cos1 r = d2·r2 dA0cos0 dA1cos1 #12;r dA0 dA1 dA1cos1 Source Receiver L1L0 1 d1 = dA0cos0 r2 L = d2 d

Herrick, Robert R.

465

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Polysun  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polysun Polysun Polysun logo Polysun 4 is renewable energy system simulation software for planners and installers of energy systems. Polysun 4 helps users to configure and optimize solar and heat pump systems. Generated reports facilitate communication and marketing tasks. Polysun 4 makes system design simple and professional. Reliable yield-forecasts generated from integrated meteorological data create trust and promote understanding. Detailed models of the systems within the simulation software serve as the foundation for targeted system optimisation and system comparisons. Polysun 4 accelerates the planning process; provides reliable yield forecasts; enables easy optimization of existing and new systems; provides relevant information when applying for subsidies; easily generates PDF reports for customers.

466

Analysis of historical seismogramsroot mean square Lg magnitudes, yields and depths of explosions at the Semipalatinsk Test Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Geology of NRDC Seismic Station Sites in Eastern Kazakhstan, USSR US...1986b. Yield estimates of Nevada test site explosions obtained from seismic...I9Xhb. Yield estimates o l Nevada test site explosions obtained from seismic......

Hans Israelsson

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 - 21000 of 31,917 results. 91 - 21000 of 31,917 results. Article DOE Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three CODiE Awards The JASON Project's multimedia energy curriculum has earned three CODiE Awards from the Software & Information Industry Association. http://energy.gov/fe/articles/doe-collaboration-national-geographics-jason-project-yields Download CX-009743: Categorical Exclusion Determination Novel Sorbent to Cleanup Biogas for Combined Heat and Power Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 12/19/2012 Location(s): Connecticut Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-009743-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-009745: Categorical Exclusion Determination Demonstrate Use of Various Distributed Energy Resources to Reduce Peak Load

468

Departmentaf Energy Washington, DC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Departmentaf Departmentaf Energy Washington, DC 20585 MAR 4 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR: James H. Chafin, AL Robert Fisher, CH Steven Hamel, OR William Daubenspeck, LL James Hanley, SAN Robert Southworth, RL Harold Dixon, SR \ Lisa Jarr, FETC"/"',,,-' ( ~ ( ) ( I C{ \'"~V FROM: Paul A. Gottlieb'<,. ~ ' \ Assistant General Counsel . for Technology Transfer / and Intellectual Property SUBJECT: U.S. Competitiveness Provision. Except for the cases discussed further below, attached is the U.S. Competitiveness provision which you should begin providing as our initial negotiating position to inventors/contractors requesting identified and, advance patent waivers. Of course, it is not· expected that every inventor/contractor will agree to the exact language in the provision, in which case modifications to the provision can be made. In those cases where substantial changes are contemplated,

469

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The World Oil Market The World Oil Market Oil prices are expected to remain relatively low, and resources are not expected to constrain substantial increases in oil demand through 2020. Oil usecontinues to dominate transportation energy markets. Oil Demand Growth in Industrialized Countries Oil Demand Growth in Nonindustrialized Countries Oil Demand and Transportation The Composition of World Oil Supply Worldwide Petroleum Trade in the Reference Case World Oil Price Projections Other Views of Prices and Production Policies To Lessen Environmental Damage from Transportation Fuel Use In the early 1990s, oil demand was relatively flat: oil consumption worldwide was only 1 million barrels per day higher in 1993 than it was in 1989. Since 1993, however, the world’s demand for oil has risen by almost

470

Analytic theory of L{yields}H transition, barrier structure, and hysteresis for a simple model of coupled particle and heat fluxes  

SciTech Connect

The two-field (pressure/density) model for the L{yields}H transition is extended and analyzed qualitatively. In its original form the model is ambiguous as to the location of the transition within the range of bistability of particle and thermal fluxes. Here, the model is regularized by including (i) hyperdiffusion, (ii) time dependence, and (iii) curvature of the pressure profile. The regularizations (i)-(ii) agree and indicate that the Maxwell rule for the forward and back transition applies, as opposed to the maximum flux forward and minimum flux backward transition rules (which yields hysteresis) as suggested previously. Regarding (i)-(ii), simple models suggest that for a pressure gradient driven electric field shear bifurcation, the basic scale of the pedestal is inexorably tied to the particle fueling depth, which normally is the neutral penetration depth. There is no hysteresis predicted by the local model of transport suppression. However, the effect of pressure profile curvature (iii) changes these results substantially. When it dominates, the curvature effect reduces the transition threshold to the lower end of the range of heating power, which falls within the phase coexistence region for both forward and back transitions. This softens the transition threshold requirements. In this limit, the model with pressure curvature also predicts transitions which occur in regimes of flat density and driven exclusively by the temperature gradient. This allows the pedestal to extend beyond the fueling depth, and also allows some decoupling of density and pressure profiles. In a parameter range where the pressure curvature is less important the transition occurs somewhere between the above two limits.

Malkov, M. A.; Diamond, P. H. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences and Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 2070 of 31,917 results. 61 - 2070 of 31,917 results. Download Substantial Transformation http://energy.gov/management/downloads/substantial-transformation Page EIS-0473: W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project (PCCS), Fort Bend County, TX This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide financial assistance for a project proposed by NRG Energy, Inc (NRG). DOE selected NRG's proposed W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project for a financial assistance award through a competitive process under the Clean Coal Power Initiative Program. NRG would design, construct and operate a commercial-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) capture facility at its existing W.A. Parish Generating Station in Fort Bend County, Texas; deliver the CO2 via a new pipeline to the existing West

472

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 8570 of 26,764 results. 61 - 8570 of 26,764 results. Article SLIDESHOW: Highlights from the 2013 Women in Clean Energy Symposium Thought-leaders from across the country convened in Boston last week. Their goal: Find strategic ways to substantially increase women's participation in the clean energy sector. http://energy.gov/articles/slideshow-highlights-2013-women-clean-energy-symposium Article Portland Diversifying Weatherization Workforce An agreement signed by a diverse group of stakeholders ensures that those in disadvantaged communities have access to some of the weatherization jobs stemming from the pilot phase of the Clean Energy Works Portland program, which has almost 500 homes receiving retrofits through the summer with the help of federal dollars. http://energy.gov/articles/portland-diversifying-weatherization-workforce

473

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 20540 of 28,905 results. 31 - 20540 of 28,905 results. Download BC TIPS- Hot-Humid Climate: New Orleans Homes that provide substantial reductions in energy use and home-owner utility bills and recognizes the best practices for quality, comfort, health, and safety in the market. http://energy.gov/eere/downloads/bc-tips-hot-humid-climate-new-orleans-0 Download Mid-West Electric Consumers Association http://energy.gov/downloads/mid-west-electric-consumers-association Download CX-001384: Categorical Exclusion Determination Enhanced Energy Storage Facilities to Support Expanding Department of Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/05/2010 Location(s): Illinois Office(s): Science, Argonne Site Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001384-categorical-exclusion-determination Download DOE FAIR 2007 (OMB).xls

474

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

T T he NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 21 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS 25 data.

475

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Demand Module Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 9 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The distinction between the two sets of manufacturing industries pertains to the level of modeling. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 19). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region levels; energy consumption at the Census Division level is allocated

476

Solar energy, conservation, and rental housing  

SciTech Connect

Renters must pay the majority of energy costs either directly or in their rents. They have limited financial and legal abilities to make improvements necessary to increase substantially the energy efficiency of rental housing. This report discusses the problem of how to increase investments in energy conservation and solar energy devices for rental housing, which constitutes over one-third of US housing. As background, this report characterizes the rental-housing market, including owners' decision-making criteria. Federal, state, and local policies that affect energy-related investments in rental housing are described. Programs are divided into five major categories: (1) programs for tenants, (2) financial incentives for owners, (3) leasing of solar energy equipment, (4) mediation between tenants and landlords, and (5) regulation. The report concludes that energy and conservation programs aimed at the residential sector must disaggregate owner-occupied housing from rental housing for maximum effect. No one program is advocated since local rental-housing markets differ substantially. For improvements greater than no-cost or low-cost items, programs must be directed at rental-housing owners and not only at tenants.

Levine, A.; Raab, J.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Saving Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Saving Energy Saving Energy Saving Energy Walmart Partnership Brings LEDs to Parking Lots Walmart Partnership Brings LEDs to Parking Lots Read more Refrigerator Standards Save...

478

Solar Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Solar Energy Solar Energy Below are resources for Tribes on solar energy technologies. A Guide to Community Solar: Utility, Private, and Nonprofit Project Development A resource...

479

Energy A. Interconversion of energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy A. Interconversion of energy ... This simple device demonstrates the interconversion of energy from a battery to a light bulb, motor, and the electrolysis of water. ...

Hubert N. Alyea

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Elemental Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pacific Northwest Area Sector: Biofuels, Biomass, Buildings, Efficiency, Geothermal energy, Renewable Energy, Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Website: http:www.elementalenergy.ne...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Energy Matters | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Live Chat on Clean Energy and Innovation Vice President Biden Kicks Off Five Days of Earth Day Activities with Announcement of Major New Energy Efficiency Effort Energy...

482

Todd Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Todd Energy Place: New Zealand Sector: Renewable Energy Product: New Zealand energy company with operations in exploration, production and generation. It is also active in...

483

Leonardo Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy." References "Leonardo Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

484

Bryte Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Bryte Energy Place: Leicestershire, United Kingdom Zip: LE3 0QP Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy, Services Product: Bryte Energy Ltd provides consultancy services...

485

Wind Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Wind Energy Wind Energy Below are resources for Tribes on wind energy technologies. 2012 Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications Includes a breakdown of...

486

Aerowatt Energies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aerowatt Energies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aerowatt Energies Place: France Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: France-based joint venture established to develop wind and...

487

Symmetry Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examination of symmetry energy is carried out on the basis of an elementary binding-energy formula. Constraints are obtained on the energy value at the normal nuclear density and on the density dependence of the energy at subnormal densities.

P. Danielewicz

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Symmetry Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examination of symmetry energy is carried out on the basis of an elementary binding-energy formula. Constraints are obtained on the energy value at the normal nuclear density and on the density dependence of the energy at subnormal densities.

Danielewicz, P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The first steps towards a standardized methodology for CSP electricity yield analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The authors have founded a temporary international core team to prepare a SolarPACES activity aimed at the standardization of a methodology for electricity yield analysis of CSP plants. This core team has drafted a structural framework for a standardized methodology and the standardization process itself. The structural framework has to assure that the standardized methodology is applicable to all conceivable CSP systems, can be used on all levels of the project development process and covers all aspects affecting the electricity yield of CSP plants. Since the development of the standardized methodology is a complex task, the standardization process has been structured in work packages, and numerous international experts covering all aspects of CSP yield analysis have been asked to contribute to this process. These experts have teamed up in an international working group with the objective to develop, document and publish standardized methodologies for CSP yield analysis. This paper summarizes the intended standardization process and presents the structural framework of the methodology for CSP yield analysis.

Wagner, Michael (National Renewable Energy Laboratories, Golden, CO); Hirsch, Tobias (German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Stuttgart,Germany); Benitez, Daniel (Flagsol, Cologne, Germany); Eck, Markus (German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Stuttgart,Germany); Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Energy Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Students will learn about everyday energy usage by completing a home energy audit and examine different lighting choices.

491

Energy loss rate in disordered quantum well  

SciTech Connect

We report the effect of dynamically screened deformation potential on the electron energy loss rate in disordered semiconductor quantum well. Interaction of confined electrons with bulk acoustic phonons has been considered in the deformation coupling. The study concludes that the dynamically screened deformation potential coupling plays a significant role as it substantially affects the power dependency of electron relaxation on temperature and mean free path.

Tripathi, P.; Ashraf, S. S. Z. [Centre of Excellence in Nanomaterials, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 (India); Hasan, S. T. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara-390002 (India); Sharma, A. C. [Physics Department, Sibli National College, Azamgarh-276128 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

492

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Environmental Issues and World Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

In the coming decades, global environmental issues could significantly affect patterns of energy use around the world. Any future efforts to limit carbon emissions are likely to alter the composition of total energy-related carbon emissions by energy source. In the coming decades, global environmental issues could significantly affect patterns of energy use around the world. Any future efforts to limit carbon emissions are likely to alter the composition of total energy-related carbon emissions by energy source. The importance of carbon dioxide emissions as an environmental issue of international concern has grown substantially since 1992, when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted because of increasing concern over rising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and their possible adverse effects on the global climate system. World energy use has emerged at the center of the issue. The two major anthropogenic (human-caused) sources of carbon dioxide emissions worldwide are the combustion of fossil fuels and land-use changes

493

The Dark Energy Survey: Prospects for Resolved Stellar Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wide angle and deep surveys, regardless of their primary purpose, always sample a large number of stars in the Galaxy and in its satellite system. Here we make a forecast of the expected stellar sample resulting from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) and the perspectives that it will open for studies of Galactic structure and resolved stellar populations in general. An estimated 1.2 ? 108 stars will be sampled in DES grizY filters in the southern equatorial hemisphere. This roughly corresponds to 20% of all DES sources. Most of these stars belong to the stellar thick disk and halo of the Galaxy. DES will probe low-mass stellar and sub-stellar objects at depths from three to eight times larger than those in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The faint end of the main sequence (MS) will be densely sampled beyond 10kpc. The slope of the low mass end of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) will be constrained to within a few hundredths of dex, even in the thick disk and halo. In the sub-stellar mass regime, the IMF slope will be potentially constrained to within dlog (m)/dlog m 0.1. About 3 ? 104 brown dwarf candidates and at least 7.6 ? 105 white dwarf candidates will be selected, the latter embedded into the thick disk and halo, for future follow-up. The stellar halo flattening will also be constrained to within a few percent. DES will probe the MS of new Milky Way satellites and halo clusters for distances out to 120kpc, therefore yielding stellar surface density contrasts 1.6-1.7 times larger than those attainable with SDSS. It will also allow detection of these objects in the far reaches of the stellar halo, substantially increasing the number and quality of probes to the Galactic potential. Combined with northern samples, such as the SDSS, the DES stellar sample will yield constraints on the structure and stellar populations of Galactic components in unprecedented detail. In particular, the combined sample from both hemispheres will allow detailed studies of halo and thick disk asymmetries and triaxiality.

Bruno M. Rossetto; Baslio X. Santiago; Lo Girardi; Julio I. B. Camargo; Eduardo Balbinot; Luiz N. da Costa; Brian Yanny; Marcio A. G. Maia; Martin Makler; Ricardo L. C. Ogando; Paulo S. Pellegrini; Beatriz Ramos; Fernando de Simoni; R. Armstrong; E. Bertin; S. Desai; N. Kuropatkin; H. Lin; J. J. Mohr; D. L. Tucker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Neutron scattering from ?-Ce at epithermal neutron energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron scattering data, using neutrons of incident energies as high as 2...?-Ce and ?-Ce-like systems such as CeRh2, CeNi2, CeFe2, CeRu2, and many others that point clearly to the substantially localized 4f elec...

A. P. Murani

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Microsoft PowerPoint - 3-07_Williams_Mobilization of High Yield Sludges.pptm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage, Mobilization, And Retrieval Of Storage, Mobilization, And Retrieval Of Very High Yield Strength Sludges EM Waste Processing Technical Exchange Atlanta November 16-18 2010 Martin Williams Vice President Advanced Process Systems NuVision Engineering 184B Rolling Hill Rd Mooresville NC 28117 USA Print Close 2 Storage, Mobilization, and Retrieval of Very High Yield Strength Sludges Sellafield Site in the UK Magnox Storage Pond *Constructed in 1940's *Major D&D project Print Close 3 Storage, Mobilization, and Retrieval of Very High Yield Strength Sludges Magnox Sludge *Up to 1200m3 arising from the corrosion of magnesium alloy clad Magnox reactor fuel in storage primarily magnesium and uranium corrosion products *small percentage of un-corroded Magnox metal *fission and activation products and their corrosion products

496

Effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill on corn yield and heavy metal content  

SciTech Connect

The effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill, Khon Kaen Municipality, Thailand, on corn (Zea mays L.) yield and heavy metal content were studied. Field experiments with randomized complete block design with five treatments (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80% v/v of residues and soil) and four replications were carried out. Corn yield and heavy metal contents in corn grain were analyzed. Corn yield increased by 50, 72, 85 and 71% at 20, 40, 60 and 80% treatments as compared to the control, respectively. All heavy metals content, except cadmium, nickel and zinc, in corn grain were not significantly different from the control. Arsenic, cadmium and zinc in corn grain were strongly positively correlated with concentrations in soil. The heavy metal content in corn grain was within regulated limits for human consumption.

Prabpai, S. [Suphan Buri Campus Establishment Project, Kasetsart University, 50 U Floor, Administrative Building, Paholyothin Road, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)], E-mail: s.prabpai@hotmail.com; Charerntanyarak, L. [Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: lertchai@kku.ac.th; Siri, B. [Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: boonmee@kku.ac.th; Moore, M.R. [The University of Queensland, The National Research Center for Environmental Toxicology, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plans, Brisbane, Queensland 4108 (Australia)], E-mail: m.moore@uq.edu.au; Noller, Barry N. [The University of Queensland, Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, Brisbane, Queensland 4072 (Australia)], E-mail: b.noller@uq.edu.au

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

High Xylose Yields from Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover Under Process-Relevant Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Pretreatment experiments were carried out to demonstrate high xylose yields at high solids loadings in two different batch pretreatment reactors under process-relevant conditions. Corn stover was pretreated with dilute sulfuric acid using a 4-l Steam Digester and a 4-l stirred ZipperClave{reg_sign} reactor. Solids were loaded at 45% dry matter (wt/wt) after sulfuric acid catalyst impregnation using nominal particle sizes of either 6 or 18 mm. Pretreatment was carried out at temperatures between 180 and 200 C at residence times of either 90 or 105 s. Results demonstrate an ability to achieve high xylose yields (>80%) over a range of pretreatment conditions, with performance showing little dependence on particle size or pretreatment reactor type. The high xylose yields are attributed to effective catalyst impregnation and rapid rates of heat transfer during pretreatment.

Weiss, N. D.; Nagle, N. J.; Tucker, M. P.; Elander, R. T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Explaining the convenience yield in the WTI crude oil market using realized volatility and jumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we first provide an empirical evidence of the existence of intraday jumps in the crude oil price series. We then show that these jumps, in conjunction with realized volatility measures, are important in modeling the convenience yield over the 20012010 period. Our empirical results indicate that lagged jump mean only explains around 16% of the weekly convenience yield. Our best specification, including variation in inventories, 8-week realized variance and the 250-day jump mean is able to explain around 61% of the weekly convenience yield. Importantly, our results are not driven by the simultaneous determination of the various variables at work as we only use lagged variables in all regressions.

Benot Svi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Biomass Energy and Energy Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy functions as vital material basis for the development of economy and society. China has become a major energy producer and consumer of energy and the energy demand is still growing. In 2006, Chinas tot...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

California Energy Commission STATE ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Commission CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM GUIDELINES FOURTH EDITION ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECEMBER 16, 2009 AMENDED MARCH 24 Recovery and Reinvestment Act 2009 #12; i CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Karen Douglas