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1

Substantial Transformation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related

2

Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine) - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIon Cooling andStudyingSubstantial

3

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keywords: Cellulose, ethanol, biofuel, Clostridiumincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrassincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Wind energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Wind energy Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply Introduction The Danish wind turbine industry with approx. 20,000 employees supplies supply approx. 20% of the electricity consumption in the Danish energy system. Hence wind energy

5

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: The model bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum efficiently hydrolyzes crystalline cellulose and hemicellulose, using cellulosomes to degrade lignocellulosic biomass. Although it imports and ferments both pentose and hexose sugars to produce a mixture of ethanol, acetate, lactate, H2 and CO2, the proportion of ethanol is low, which impedes its use in consolidated bioprocessing for biofuels. Therefore genetic engineering will likely be required to improve the ethanol yield. Random mutagenesis, plasmid transformation, and heterologous expression systems have previously been developed for C. cellulolyticum, but targeted mutagenesis has not been reported for this organism. Results: The first targeted gene inactivation system was developed for C. cellulolyticum, based on a mobile group II intron originating from the Lactococcus lactis L1.LtrB intron. This markerless mutagenesis system was used to disrupt both the paralogous L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ccel_2485; ldh) and L-malate dehydrogenase (Ccel_0137; mdh) genes, distinguishing the overlapping substrate specificities of these enzymes. Both mutations were then combined in a single strain. This double mutant produced 8.5-times more ethanol than wild-type cells growing on crystalline cellulose. Ethanol constituted 93% of the major fermentation products (by molarity), corresponding to a molar ratio of ethanol to organic acids of 15, versus 0.18 in wild-type cells. During growth on acid-pretreated switchgrass, the double mutant also produced four-times as much ethanol as wild-type cells. Detailed metabolomic analyses identified increased flux through the oxidative branch of the mutant s TCA pathway. Conclusions: The efficient intron-based gene inactivation system produced the first gene-targeted mutations in C. cellulolyticum. As a key component of the genetic toolbox for this bacterium, markerless targeted mutagenesis enables functional genomic research in C. cellulolyticum and rapid genetic engineering to significantly alter the mixture of fermentation products. The initial application of this system successfully engineered a strain with high ethanol productivity from complex biomass substrates.

Li, Yongchao [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Hamilton, Choo Yieng [ORNL; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel [ORNL; Liao, James C [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Yang, Yunfeng [ORNL; Graham, David E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Neutron emission and fragment yield in high-energy fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The KRIS special library of spectra and emission probabilities in the decays of 1500 nuclei excited up to energies between 150 and 250 MeV was developed for correctly taking into account the decay of highly excited nuclei appearing as fission fragments. The emission of neutrons, protons, and photons was taken into account. Neutron emission fromprimary fragments was found to have a substantial effect on the formation of yields of postneutron nuclei. The library was tested by comparing the calculated and measured yields of products originating from the fission of nuclei that was induced by high-energy protons. The method for calculating these yields was tested on the basis of experimental data on the thermal-neutroninduced fission of {sup 235}U nuclei.

Grudzevich, O. T., E-mail: ogrudzevich@ippe.ru; Klinov, D. A. [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)] [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Substantial Transformation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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8

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Emerging energy technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable as well as reducing energy consumption: · Fusion · Solar cells · Cleaner energy technologies problems in the current energy production and to increasing the efficiency of energy consumption. Sub cheaper, while their manufacture requires considerably less energy than that of conventional solar cells

9

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Sustainable energy supply Introduction Biomass (wood, energy crops, by-products and organic waste from agriculture and society) is an important resource for the sustainable energy supply of the future, hydrogen and biogas. Unlike electricity-based sustainable energy resources, such as wind and solar energy

10

How to Substantially Reduce the Biggest Energy Wasters in Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will vary from $2,190 per year to vortex type to $438 per year top heated pipe. A full treatment of the subject is available in the book ENERGY SAVINGS IN COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEMS, authored by Hank van Ormer, Air Power USA Inc. As much as 75% to 80...% energy savings are available by prudent selection and application of cabinet coolers. OPEN BLOWS Open blows in various material moving processes offer exceptional energy conservation opportunities Often times we find 1/4" open tubes blowing...

Kemp, H. L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Renewable Energy Executive Summary High-Yield Scenario  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Executive Summary High-Yield Scenario Workshop Series Report INLEXT-10-18930 December 2009 The 2005 Billion-Ton Study a (BTS) esti- mates the...

12

Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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13

Solvent dehydration system cuts energy use, improves dewaxed oil yield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent development can be applied in solvent dewaxing plants to reduce energy requirements, simplify operations, reduce maintenance, improve oil yields, and offer capacity gains. Known as the Nofsinger Solvent Dehydration System, this development is being successfully utilized by Ashland Oil Inc. in its Catlettsburg, Ky., refinery to achieve several of these goals. A net savings of approximately $490,000/year was calculated at design throughput. This yields a return on investment of approximately 20% without consideration of any yield effects. Improvements in yield were not included because simultaneous design changes in the unit did not permit Ashland to quantify any yield savings that may have occurred.

Scalise, J.M.; Button, H.O.; Graves, D.C.

1984-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

14

The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially reduce the energy used in buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 KTA@Bath Challenge The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially research and lead the education of highly skilled low carbon designers. These Centres will have strong

Burton, Geoffrey R.

15

Yield  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste andAnniversary, part 2 ContinuingYan Mei Wang YanMet and

16

Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment ofOil'sof Energy Jun Lu PostdoctoralDemonstration

17

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models@illinois.edu Abstract-- Markov reliability models to estimate Photovoltaic (PV) inverter reliability of the inverters. Keywords-Photovoltaic energy conversion, Markov reliability models, utility-interactive inverters

Liberzon, Daniel

18

Energy-Focused Trade Mission Will Yield Positive Effects for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trade mission focused on connecting U.S. businesses with opportunities in the green infrastructure and energy efficiency industries. This trade mission will promote...

19

Innovative, Lower Cost Sensors and Controls Yield Better Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusiness PlanPosting ThomasEnergyAlgae!|| Department

20

Olefins from High Yield Autothermal Reforming Process - Energy Innovation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002 WholesaleEnergy's 10 OfficeOil-Fired

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microbes Produce High Yields of Fatty Alcohols From Glucose - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping theEnergyInnovationMichael M. May,Vehicles andThru

22

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at NIF | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERNSemiconductor thin film on Si(111) .

23

Renewable Energy Executive Summary High-Yield Scenario  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST31 ORV 15051Soil Vapor ExtractionRenae Efficiency

24

Innovative, lower cost sensors and controls yield better energy efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared Land Surface Emissivity in theSurface.Innovative local manufacturer|

25

Active Wake Redirection Control to Improve Energy Yield (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wake effects can dramatically reduce the efficiency of waked turbines relative to the unwaked turbines. Wakes can be deflected, or 'redirected,' by applying yaw misalignment to the turbines. Yaw misalignment causes part of the rotor thrust vector to be pointed in the cross-stream direction, deflecting the flow and the wake. Yaw misalignment reduces power production, but the global increase in wind plant power due to decreased wake effect creates a net increase in power production. It is also a fairly simple control idea to implement at existing or new wind plants. We performed high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics simulations of the wake flow of the proposed Fishermen's Atlantic City Windfarm (FACW) that predict that under certain waking conditions, wake redirection can increase plant efficiency by 10%. This means that by applying wake redirection control, for a given watersheet area, a wind plant can either produce more power, or the same amount of power can be produced with a smaller watersheet area. With the power increase may come increased loads, though, due to the yaw misalignment. If misalignment is applied properly, or if layered with individual blade pitch control, though, the load increase can be mitigated. In this talk we will discuss the concept of wake redirection through yaw misalignment and present our CFD results of the FACW project. We will also discuss the implications of wake redirection control on annual energy production, and finally we will discuss plans to implement wake redirection control at FACW when it is operational.

Churchfield, M. J.; Fleming, P.; DeGeorge, E.; Bulder, B; White, S. M.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Yield Improvement and Energy Savings Uing Phosphonates as Additives in Kraft pulping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project Objective: Develop a commercially viable modification to the Kraft process resulting in energy savings, increased yield and improved bleachability. Evaluate the feasibility of this technology across a spectrum of wood species used in North America. Develop detailed fundamental understanding of the mechanism by which phosphonates improve KAPPA number and yield. Evaluate the North American market potential for the use of phosphonates in the Kraft pulping process. Examine determinants of customer perceived value and explore organizational and operational factors influencing attitudes and behaviors. Provide an economic feasibility assessment for the supply chain, both suppliers (chemical supply companies) and buyers (Kraft mills). Provide background to most effectively transfer this new technology to commercial mills.

Ulrike W. Tschirner; Timothy Smith

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

Bio-energy feedstock yields and their water quality benefits in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cellulosic and agricultural bio-energy crops can, under careful management, be harvested as feedstock for bio-fuels production and provide environmental benefits. However, it is required to quantify their relative advantages in feedstock production and water quality. The primary objective of this research was to evaluate potential feedstock yield and water quality benefit scenarios of bioenergy crops: Miscanthus (Miscanthus-giganteus), Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), Soybean {Glycine max (L.) Merr.}, and Corn (Lea mays) in the Upper Pearl River watershed (UPRW), Mississippi using a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The SWAT model was calibrated (January 1981 to December 1994) and validated (January 1995 to September 2008) using monthly measured stream flow data. The calibrated and validated model determined good to very good performance for stream flow prediction (R2 and E from 0.60 to 0.86). The RMSE values (from 14 m3 s-1 to 37 m3 s-1) were estimated at similar levels of errors during model calibration and validation. The long-term average annual potential feedstock yield as an alternative energy source was determined the greatest when growing Miscanthus grass (373,849 Mg) as followed by Alfalfa (206,077 Mg), Switchgrass (132,077 Mg), Johnsongrass (47,576 Mg), Soybean (37,814 Mg), and Corn (22,069 Mg) in the pastureland and cropland of the watershed. Model results determined that average annual sediment yield from the Miscanthus grass scenario determined the least (1.16 Mg/ha) and corn scenario the greatest (12.04 Mg/ha). The SWAT model simulated results suggested that growing Miscanthus grass in the UPRW would have the greatest potential feedstock yield and water quality benefits.

Parajuli, Prem B.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

28

The effective beta sensitivity to the incident neutron energy dependence of the absolute delayed neutron yields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The uncertainty of the [sup 235]U, [sup 239]Pu, and [sup 238]U absolute delayed neutron yields v[sub d] is one of the principal sources of uncertainty in predicting the fission reactor reactivity scale [beta][sub eff]. The current uncertainties in the dependence of v[sub d] on incident neutron energy is investigated for significance in the evaluation of [beta][sub eff]. The uncertainty effects on the GODIVA, JEZEBEL, Zero Power Reactor, SNEAK, and Masurca benchmark facility calculations are analyzed using ENDF/B and JEF basic data. Different assumptions about the energy dependence result in variations of up to 5% in the reactor spectrum averaged values of v[sub d], and these would result in variations of up to [approximately] 2% in the value of [beta][sub eff] for a typical liquid-metal fast breeder reactor.

D'Angelo, A. (ENEA, Casaccia (Italy)); Filip, A. (Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance (France). Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say A crystal with a strange property is at the heart of a clever method for inducing nuclear fusion in a tabletop-sized device-rays for medical therapies. Although the field of room-temperature fusion is littered with scandals and dubious

30

Impact of Solar Resource and Atmospheric Constituents on Energy Yield Models for Concentrated Photovoltaic Systems .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Global economic trends suggest that there is a need to generate sustainable renewable energy to meet growing global energy demands. Solar energy harnessed by concentrated (more)

Mohammed, Jafaru

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Beam Energy Scaling on Ion-Induced Electron Yield from K+ Impact on Stainless Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K + Impact on Stainless Steel Michel Kireeff Covo Lawrence+ ions hit the stainless steel target with energy up to 400energies hitting stainless steel target obtained from

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Pion yield studies for proton drive beams of 2-8 GeV kinetic energy for stopped  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data. Pion kinetic energy of 40 MeV corresponds to momentum of 113 MeV/c #12;MARS - dash-dotted lines #12;MARS - dash-dotted lines #12;#12;#12;HARP collaboration conclusion #12;#12;HARP vs HARP-CDP #12 angle pion production · Negative pion yield was studied at 10 GeV/c using JINR 2-m propane bubble

McDonald, Kirk

33

Primary Isotope Yields and Characteristic Properties of the Fragmenting Source in Heavy-ion Reactions near the Fermi Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For central collisions of $^{40}$Ca $+ ^{40}$Ca at 35 MeV/nucleon, the density and temperature of a fragmenting source have been evaluated in a self-consistent manner using the ratio of the symmetry energy coefficient relative to the temperature, $a_{sym}/T$, extracted from the yields of primary isotopes produced in antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) simulations. The $a_{sym}/T$ values are extracted from all isotope yields using an improved method based on the Modified Fisher Model (MFM). The values of $a_{sym}/T$ obtained, using different interactions with different density dependencies of the symmetry energy term, are correlated with the values of the symmetry energies at the density of fragment formation. Using this correlation, the fragment formation density is found to be $\\rho/\\rho_0 = 0.67 \\pm 0.02$. Using the input symmetry energy value for each interaction temperature values are extracted as a function of isotope mass $A$. The extracted temperature values are compared with those evaluated from the fluctuation thermometer with a radial flow correction.

X. Liu; W. Lin; R. Wada; M. Huang; Z. Chen; G. Q. Xiao; S. Zhang; X. Jin; J. Liu; F. Shi; P. Ren; H. Zheng; J. B. Natowitz; A. Bonasera

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy-Focused Trade Mission Will Yield Positive Effects for American  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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35

Oxidation of NO in Sample Bags to Yield NO2 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining|ActionOWENS CORNINGCatalysts

36

Impact of sub-cell internal luminescence yields on energy conversion efficiencies of tandem solar cells: A design principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To develop a realistic design principle, we calculated the maximum conversion efficiency ?{sub sc} and optimized sub-cell band-gap energies E{sub g} in double-junction tandem solar cells via a detailed-balance theory, paying particular attention to their dependence on internal luminescence quantum yields y{sub int} of the top and bottom sub-cell materials. A strong drop in the maximum ?{sub sc} occurs when y{sub int} slightly drops from 1 to 0.9, where the drop in y{sub int} of the bottom cell causes a stronger effect than that of the top cell. For low values of y{sub int}, the maximum ?{sub sc} has a simple logarithmic dependence on the geometric mean of the two sub-cells'y{sub int}.

Zhu, Lin, E-mail: zhulin@issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Kim, Changsu; Yoshita, Masahiro; Chen, Shaoqiang; Sato, Shintaroh; Mochizuki, Toshimitsu; Akiyama, Hidefumi, E-mail: golgo@issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo and JST-CREST, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University and JST-CREST, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

37

Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and High Yield Campaign The Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and High Yield (ICF) Campaign supports the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and effective nuclear weapons stockpile without underground testing. It supports stockpile assessment in simulations is essential to having confidence in them. More than 99 percent of the energy from a nuclear criticality is attained. The ICF program operates and conducts experiments in facilities that can create

38

A Low-cost, High-yield Process for the Direct Productin of High Energy Density Liquid Fuel from Biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective and outcome of this project was the development and validation of a novel, low-cost, high-pressure fast-hydropyrolysis/hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process (H{sub 2}Bioil) using supplementary hydrogen (H{sub 2}) to produce liquid hydrocarbons from biomass. The research efforts under the various tasks of the project have culminated in the first experimental demonstration of the H2Bioil process, producing 100% deoxygenated >C4+ hydrocarbons containing 36-40% of the carbon in the feed of pyrolysis products from biomass. The demonstrated H{sub 2}Bioil process technology (i.e. reactor, catalyst, and downstream product recovery) is scalable to a commercial level and is estimated to be economically competitive for the cases when supplementary H{sub 2} is sourced from coal, natural gas, or nuclear. Additionally, energy systems modeling has revealed several process integration options based on the H{sub 2}Bioil process for energy and carbon efficient liquid fuel production. All project tasks and milestones were completed or exceeded. Novel, commercially-scalable, high-pressure reactors for both fast-hydropyrolysis and hydrodeoxygenation were constructed, completing Task A. These reactors were capable of operation under a wide-range of conditions; enabling process studies that lead to identification of optimum process conditions. Model compounds representing biomass pyrolysis products were studied, completing Task B. These studies were critical in identifying and developing HDO catalysts to target specific oxygen functional groups. These process and model compound catalyst studies enabled identification of catalysts that achieved 100% deoxygenation of the real biomass feedstock, sorghum, to form hydrocarbons in high yields as part of Task C. The work completed during this grant has identified and validated the novel and commercially scalable H2Bioil process for production of hydrocarbon fuels from biomass. Studies on model compounds as well as real biomass feedstocks were utilized to identify optimized process conditions and selective HDO catalyst for high yield production of hydrocarbons from biomass. In addition to these experimental efforts, in Tasks D and E, we have developed a mathematical optimization framework to identify carbon and energy efficient biomass-to-liquid fuel process designs that integrate the use of different primary energy sources along with biomass (e.g. solar, coal or natural gas) for liquid fuel production. Using this tool, we have identified augmented biomass-to-liquid fuel configurations based on the fast-hydropyrolysis/HDO pathway, which was experimentally studied in this project. The computational approach used for screening alternative process configurations represents a unique contribution to the field of biomass processing for liquid fuel production.

Agrawal, Rakesh

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

39

Substantial Progress towards 12 GeV | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIon Cooling andStudyingSubstantial Progress

40

Improving Biomass Yields: High Biomass, Low Input Dedicated Energy Crops to Enable a Full Scale Bioenergy Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Ceres is developing bigger and better grasses for use in biofuels. The bigger the grass yield, the more biomass, and more biomass means more biofuel per acre. Using biotechnology, Ceres is developing grasses that will grow bigger with less fertilizer than current grass varieties. Hardier, higher-yielding grass also requires less land to grow and can be planted in areas where other crops cant grow instead of in prime agricultural land. Ceres is conducting multi-year trials in Arizona, Texas, Tennessee, and Georgia which have already resulted in grass yields with as much as 50% more biomass than yields from current grass varieties.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Process for preparing superconducting film having substantially uniform phase development  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for preparing a superconducting film, such as a thallium-barium-calcium-copper oxide superconducting film, having substantially uniform phase development. The process comprises providing an electrodeposition bath having one or more soluble salts of one or more respective potentially superconducting metals in respective amounts adequate to yield a superconducting film upon subsequent appropriate treatment. Should all of the metals required for producing a superconducting film not be made available in the bath, such metals can be a part of the ambient during a subsequent annealing process. A soluble silver salt in an amount between about 0.1% and about 4.0% by weight of the provided other salts is also provided to the bath, and the bath is electrically energized to thereby form a plated film. The film is annealed in ambient conditions suitable to cause formation of a superconductor film. Doping with silver reduces the temperature at which the liquid phase appears during the annealing step, initiates a liquid phase throughout the entire volume of deposited material, and influences the nucleation and growth of the deposited material. 3 figs.

Bharacharya, R.; Parilla, P.A.; Blaugher, R.D.

1995-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

42

Yield Comparison for Domestic Photovoltaic Installation across the UK Scottish Institute for Solar Energy Research, May 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was conducted using Polysun simulation software. The software was validated using data recorded at a domestic to simulate the potential yield for a range of solar technologies. The software is preinstalled with global and the simulation is 4%, taken as validation that the Polysun Software accurately predicts the output of PV

Painter, Kevin

43

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially Improve Combustion Engine Simulation Software Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to...

44

Method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water is disclosed. The method includes providing a multilayer cell comprising two solid, non porous current collectors, separated by two porous electrodes with a separator between the two electrodes, sealing the cell with a reclosable hermetic closure. Water inside the closure is dissociated by an applied voltage to the cell and escapes in the form of hydrogen and oxygen when the closure is unmated, the closure is then mated to hermetically seal the cell which is substantially free of water.

Chapman-Irwin, Patricia (Altamont, NY); Feist, Thomas Paul (Clifton Park, NY)

2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Microwave Air Yield Beam Experiment (MAYBE): measurement of GHz radiation for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present first measurements by MAYBE of microwave emission from an electron beam induced air plasma, performed at the electron Van de Graaff facility of the Argonne National Laboratory. Coherent radio Cherenkov, a major background in a previous beam experiment, is not produced by the 3 MeV beam, which simplifies the interpretation of the data. Radio emission is studied over a wide range of frequencies between 3 and 12 GHz. This measurement provides further insight on microwave emission from extensive air showers as a novel detection technique for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays.

M. Monasor; M. Bohacova; C. Bonifazi; G. Cataldi; S. Chemerisov; J. R. T. De Mello Neto; P. Facal San Luis; B. Fox; P. W. Gorham; C. Hojvat; N. Hollon; R. Meyhandan; L. C. Reyes; B. Rouille D'Orfeuil; E. M. Santos; J. Pochez; P. Privitera; H. Spinka; V. Verzi; C. Williams; J. Zhou

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Air-Fluorescence Yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of the air-fluorescence radiation induced by the charged particles of extensive air showers is a well-established technique for the study of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. Fluorescence telescopes provide a nearly calorimetric measure of the primary energy. Presently the main source of systematic uncertainties comes from our limited accuracy in the fluorescence yield, that is, the number of fluorescence photons emitted per unit of energy deposited in the atmosphere by the shower particles. In this paper the current status of our knowledge on the fluorescence yield both experimental an theoretical will be discussed.

F. Arqueros; F. Blanco; D. Garcia-Pinto; M. Ortiz; J. Rosado

2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

47

Recyclable transmission line (RTL) and linear transformer driver (LTD) development for Z-pinch inertial fusion energy (Z-IFE) and high yield.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Z-Pinch Inertial Fusion Energy (Z-IFE) complements and extends the single-shot z-pinch fusion program on Z to a repetitive, high-yield, power plant scenario that can be used for the production of electricity, transmutation of nuclear waste, and hydrogen production, all with no CO{sub 2} production and no long-lived radioactive nuclear waste. The Z-IFE concept uses a Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) accelerator, and a Recyclable Transmission Line (RTL) to connect the LTD driver to a high-yield fusion target inside a thick-liquid-wall power plant chamber. Results of RTL and LTD research are reported here, that include: (1) The key physics issues for RTLs involve the power flow at the high linear current densities that occur near the target (up to 5 MA/cm). These issues include surface heating, melting, ablation, plasma formation, electron flow, magnetic insulation, conductivity changes, magnetic field diffusion changes, possible ion flow, and RTL mass motion. These issues are studied theoretically, computationally (with the ALEGRA and LSP codes), and will work at 5 MA/cm or higher, with anode-cathode gaps as small as 2 mm. (2) An RTL misalignment sensitivity study has been performed using a 3D circuit model. Results show very small load current variations for significant RTL misalignments. (3) The key structural issues for RTLs involve optimizing the RTL strength (varying shape, ribs, etc.) while minimizing the RTL mass. Optimization studies show RTL mass reductions by factors of three or more. (4) Fabrication and pressure testing of Z-PoP (Proof-of-Principle) size RTLs are successfully reported here. (5) Modeling of the effect of initial RTL imperfections on the buckling pressure has been performed. Results show that the curved RTL offers a much greater buckling pressure as well as less sensitivity to imperfections than three other RTL designs. (6) Repetitive operation of a 0.5 MA, 100 kV, 100 ns, LTD cavity with gas purging between shots and automated operation is demonstrated at the SNL Z-IFE LTD laboratory with rep-rates up to 10.3 seconds between shots (this is essentially at the goal of 10 seconds for Z-IFE). (7) A single LTD switch at Tomsk was fired repetitively every 12 seconds for 36,000 shots with no failures. (8) Five 1.0 MA, 100 kV, 100 ns, LTD cavities have been combined into a voltage adder configuration with a test load to successfully study the system operation. (9) The combination of multiple LTD coaxial lines into a tri-plate transmission line is examined. The 3D Quicksilver code is used to study the electron flow losses produced near the magnetic nulls that occur where coax LTD lines are added together. (10) Circuit model codes are used to model the complete power flow circuit with an inductive isolator cavity. (11) LTD architectures are presented for drivers for Z-IFE and high yield. A 60 MA LTD driver and a 90 MA LTD driver are proposed. Present results from all of these power flow studies validate the whole LTD/RTL concept for single-shot ICF high yield, and for repetitive-shot IFE.

Sharpe, Robin Arthur; Kingsep, Alexander S. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Smith, David Lewis; Olson, Craig Lee; Ottinger, Paul F. (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC); Schumer, Joseph Wade (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC); Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Kim, Alexander (High Currents Institute, Tomsk, Russia); Kulcinski, Gerald L. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Kammer, Daniel C. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Rose, David Vincent (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Nedoseev, Sergei L. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Pointon, Timothy David; Smirnov, Valentin P. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Turgeon, Matthew C.; Kalinin, Yuri G. (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia); Bruner, Nichelle "Nicki" (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Barkey, Mark E. (University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL); Guthrie, Michael (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Thoma, Carsten (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Genoni, Tom C. (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, NM); Langston, William L.; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Monte Carlo reactor calculation with substantially reduced number of cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new Monte Carlo (MC) eigenvalue calculation scheme that substantially reduces the number of cycles is introduced with the aid of coarse mesh finite difference (CMFD) formulation. First, it is confirmed in terms of pin power errors that using extremely many particles resulting in short active cycles is beneficial even in the conventional MC scheme although wasted operations in inactive cycles cannot be reduced with more particles. A CMFD-assisted MC scheme is introduced as an effort to reduce the number of inactive cycles and the fast convergence behavior and reduced inter-cycle effect of the CMFD assisted MC calculation is investigated in detail. As a practical means of providing a good initial fission source distribution, an assembly based few-group condensation and homogenization scheme is introduced and it is shown that efficient MC eigenvalue calculations with fewer than 20 total cycles (including inactive cycles) are possible for large power reactor problems. (authors)

Lee, M. J.; Joo, H. G. [Seoul National Univ., 599 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, D. [Ulsan National Inst. of Science and Technology, UNIST-gil 50, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 689-798 (Korea, Republic of); Smith, K. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Yield improvement and defect reduction in steel casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research project investigated yield improvement and defect reduction techniques in steel casting. Research and technology development was performed in the following three specific areas: (1) Feeding rules for high alloy steel castings; (2) Unconventional yield improvement and defect reduction techniques--(a) Riser pressurization; and (b) Filling with a tilting mold; and (3) Modeling of reoxidation inclusions during filling of steel castings. During the preparation of the proposal for this project, these areas were identified by the High Alloy Committee and Carbon and Low Alloy Committee of the Steel Founders' Society of America (SFSA) as having the highest research priority to the steel foundry industry. The research in each of the areas involved a combination of foundry experiments, modeling and simulation. Numerous SFSA member steel foundries participated in the project through casting trials and meetings. The technology resulting from this project will result in decreased scrap and rework, casting yield improvement, and higher quality steel castings produced with less iteration. This will result in considerable business benefits to steel foundries, primarily due to reduced energy and labor costs, increased capacity and productivity, reduced lead-time, and wider use and application of steel castings. As estimated using energy data provided by the DOE, the technology produced as a result of this project will result in an energy savings of 2.6 x 10{sup 12} BTU/year. This excludes the savings that were anticipated from the mold tilting research. In addition to the energy savings, and corresponding financial savings this implies, there are substantial environmental benefits as well. The results from each of the research areas listed above are summarized.

Kent Carlson

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

Estimating Corn Grain Yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can collect samples from a corn field and use this data to calculate the yield estimate. An interactive grain yield calculator is provided in the Appendix of the pdf version of this publication. The calculator is also located in the publication.... Plan and prepare for sample and data collection. 2. Collect field samples and record data. 3. Analyze the data using the interactive grain yield calculator in the Appendix. Plan and prepare for sample and data collection Predetermine sample locations...

Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

51

Status of fission yield evaluations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Very few yield compilations are also evaluations, and very few contain an extensive global library of measured data and extensive models for unmeasured data. The earlier U.K. evaluations and US evaluations were comparable up to the retirements of the primary evaluators. Only the effort in the US has been continued and expanded. The previous U.K. evaluations have been published. In this paper we summarize the current status of the US evaluation, philosophy, and various integral yield tests for 34 fissioning nuclides at one or more neutron incident energies and/or for spontaneous fission. Currently there are 50 yield sets and for each we have independent and cumulative yields and uncertainties for approximately 1100 fission products. When finalized, the recommended data will become part of the next version of the US Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF/B-VI). The complete set of data, including the basic input of measured yields, will be issued as a sequel to the General Electric evaluation reports (better known by the authors' names: Rider - or earlier - Meek and Rider). 16 references.

England, T.R.; Rider, B.F.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

An Interpretation of Energy Dependence of Delayed Neutron Yields in the Resonance Region for {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Possible fluctuation in the delayed neutron yields (DNYs) in the resonance region was predicted on the basis of experimental data of mass distribution of fission fragments at resonances. Analyzed according to the multimodal random neck rupture model of fission, the small variations in the experimental mass distribution were attributed to fluctuations in the branching ratios to different modes of fission. Using the results of analysis of measured data for {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu, the DNYs were calculated for each resonance by the summation method, considering 271 precursors and evaluated data of delayed neutron emission probability. It was found that the DNYs should have local dips for {sup 235}U and spikes for {sup 239}Pu at resonances.

Ohsawa, Takaaki [Kinki University (Japan); Hambsch, Franz-Josef [EC-JRC0, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (Belgium)

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Policy Flash 2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

More Documents & Publications Substantial Transformation Flash2010-54.pdf Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions...

54

Time-dependent quantum wave packet study of the Ar+H{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}ArH{sup +}+H reaction on a new ab initio potential energy surface for the ground electronic state (1{sup 2}A Prime )  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new global potential energy surface for the ground electronic state (1{sup 2}A Prime ) of the Ar+H{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}ArH{sup +}+H reaction has been constructed by multi-reference configuration interaction method with Davidson correction and a basis set of aug-cc-pVQZ. Using 6080 ab initio single-point energies of all the regions for the dynamics, a many-body expansion function form has been used to fit these points. The quantum reactive scattering dynamics calculations taking into account the Coriolis coupling (CC) were carried out on the new potential energy surface over a range of collision energies (0.03-1.0 eV). The reaction probabilities and integral cross sections for the title reaction were calculated. The significance of including the CC quantum scattering calculation has been revealed by the comparison between the CC and the centrifugal sudden approximation calculation. The calculated cross section is in agreement with the experimental result at collision energy 1.0 eV.

Hu Mei; Liu Xinguo; Tan Ruishan; Li Hongzheng [College of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014 (China); Xu Wenwu [Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

55

Warming may create substantial water supply shortages in the Colorado River basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warming may create substantial water supply shortages in the Colorado River basin Gregory J. Mc (2007), Warming may create substantial water supply shortages in the Colorado River basin, Geophys. Res; published 27 November 2007. [1] The high demand for water, the recent multiyear drought (1999

56

Alloy substantially free of dendrites and method of forming the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described herein are alloys substantially free of dendrites. A method includes forming an alloy substantially free of dendrites. A superheated alloy is cooled to form a nucleated alloy. The temperature of the nucleated alloy is controlled to prevent the nuclei from melting. The nucleated alloy is mixed to distribute the nuclei throughout the alloy. The nucleated alloy is cooled with nuclei distributed throughout.

de Figueredo, Anacleto M. (West Newton, MA); Apelian, Diran (West Boylston, MA); Findon, Matt M. (Monson, MA); Saddock, Nicholas (S. Windson, CT)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Measurement of the yields of positively charged particles at an angle of 35 Degree-Sign in proton interactions with nuclear targets at an energy of 50 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Momentum spectra of cumulative particles in the region of high transverse momenta (P{sub T}) in pA {yields} h{sup +} + X reactions were obtained for the first time. The experiment in which this was done was performed at the SPIN setup (Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino) in a beam of 50-GeV protons interacting with C, Al, Cu, and W nuclei. Positively charged particles were detected at a laboratory angle of 35 Degree-Sign and in the transverse-momentum range between 0.6 and 3.7 GeV/c. A strong dependence of the particle-production cross section on the atomic number was observed. A comparison with the results of calculations based on the HIJING and UrQMD models was performed in the subcumulative region.

Ammosov, V. V.; Antonov, N. N. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)] [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation); Baldin, A. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Viktorov, V. A.; Gapienko, V. A.; Gapienko, G. S.; Golovin, A. A.; Gres, V. N.; Ivanilov, A. A.; Koreshev, V. I.; Korotkov, V. A.; Mysnik, A. I.; Prudkoglyad, A. F.; Sviridov, Yu. M.; Semak, A. A., E-mail: Artem.Semak@ihep.ru; Terekhov, V. I.; Uglekov, V. Ya.; Ukhanov, M. N.; Chujko, B. V. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)] [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation); Shimanskii, S. S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Effects of the rotational excitation of D{sub 2} and of the potential energy surface on the H{sup +}+D{sub 2}{yields}HD+D{sup +} reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The H{sup +}+D{sub 2}{yields}HD+D{sup +} reaction has been theoretically investigated by means of an exact quantum mechanical approach, a quasiclassical trajectory method, and two statistical methods based in the propagation of either wave functions or trajectories. The study addresses the possible changes on the overall dynamics of the title reaction when the D{sub 2} diatom is rotationally excited to its v=0, j=1 state. In addition, the reactivity for the ground rotational state on two different potential energy surfaces (PESs), namely, the surface by Aguado et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1240 (2000)] and the PES by Kamisaka et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 116, 654 (2002)], is examined. Reaction probabilities and cross sections at 0.524 and 0.1 eV collision energies are calculated. The major differences with respect to the reaction initiated with D{sub 2} in its ground rovibrational state are observed for the lowest collision energy E{sub c}=0.1 eV. Differential cross sections have been found to depend to some extend on the PES employed. In addition, at E{sub c}=0.1 eV further discrepancies in the total and rotational cross sections are noticeable.

Gonzalez-Lezana, T. [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental (CSIC), Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Honvault, P. [Institut UTINAM, UMR CNRS 6213 and University of Franche-Comte, Campus de la Bouloie, 25030 Besancon Cedex (France); Jambrina, P. G. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad de Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca (Spain); Departamento de Quimica Fisica I, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Aoiz, F. J. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica I, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Launay, J.-M. [Institute de Physique de Rennes, UMR CNRS 6251, University of Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France)

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

A versatile detector for total fluorescence and electron yield experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combination of a non-coated silicon photodiode with electron repelling meshes makes a versatile detector for total fluorescence yield and electron yield techniques highly suitable for x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In particular, a copper mesh with a bias voltage allows to suppress or transmit the electron yield signal. The performance of this detection scheme has been characterized by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure studies of thermal oxidized silicon and sapphire. The results show that the new detector probes both electron yield and for a bias voltage exceeding the maximum photon energy the total fluorescence yield.

Thielemann, N. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Hoffmann, P. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Foehlisch, A. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Temperature limited heater with a conduit substantially electrically isolated from the formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for heating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. A conduit may be located in an opening in the formation. The conduit includes ferromagnetic material. An electrical conductor is positioned inside the conduit, and is electrically coupled to the conduit at or near an end portion of the conduit so that the electrical conductor and the conduit are electrically coupled in series. Electrical current flows in the electrical conductor in a substantially opposite direction to electrical current flow in the conduit during application of electrical current to the system. The flow of electrons is substantially confined to the inside of the conduit by the electromagnetic field generated from electrical current flow in the electrical conductor so that the outside surface of the conduit is at or near substantially zero potential at 25.degree. C. The conduit may generate heat and heat the formation during application of electrical current.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Sandberg, Chester Ledlie (Palo Alto, CA)

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Competence platforms and exchange of knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of knowledge Impact: Competitive power as high-technology society Introduction The basis of Risø's strategic and will have an impact on Denmark's comparative advantage as a high-technology society: o MaterialsThematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Competence platforms and exchange

62

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Customer-driven activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Competitive power as high-technology society Introduction Customer-driven activities are activities undertakenThematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Customer-driven activities Impact and embedding Risø's research in society and thereby having significant impact. To Risø, the activities provide

63

IACR Policy on Irregular Submissions Scope. Simultaneous submission of substantially similar papers to multiple venues, resubmis-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IACR Policy on Irregular Submissions April 2012 Scope. Simultaneous submission of substantially such steps are taken. Policy. IACR does not tolerate plagiarism and parallel submissions among the submissions to its scientific publications. Any submission that violates this policy must be rejected

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

64

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit to local  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit, it is important to evaluate how different stressors associated with this type of fishing affect fish survival. What follows is a brief Q & A review on the effects of air exposure. How long can a fish live out

Watson, Craig A.

65

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen Impact's efforts within the area of fuel cells and hydrogen is to contribute to establishing the necessary platform cells and Electrolysis and other hydrogen technologies. Impact The overall object of strengthening Risø

66

Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Yield in a Marine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Yield in a Marine Cyanobacterium/conclusion · future work that will be done to increase biofuel yield #12;Problems? · Many na@al renewable source of energy -Biofuel produc@on from aqua@c photoautotroph

Petta, Jason

67

Can Naked Singularities Yield Gamma Ray Bursts?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray bursts are believed to be the most luminous objects in the Universe. There has been some suggestion that these arise from quantum processes around naked singularities. The main problem with this suggestion is that all known examples of naked singularities are massless and hence there is effectively no source of energy. It is argued that a globally naked singularity coupled with quantum processes operating within a distance of the order of Planck length of the singularity will probably yield energy burst of the order of M_pc^2\\approx2\\times 10^{16} ergs, where M_p is the Planck mass.

H. M. Antia

1998-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

68

analysis yields potential: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the a3 R u and 13 R g states of Li2 has yielded accurate analytic potential energy functions for both states. The recommended M3LR8:0 5;33? potential for the a3...

69

Future Yield Growth: What Evidence from Historical Data?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential future role of biofuels has become an important topic in energy legislation as it is seen as a potential low carbon alternative to conventional fuels. Hence, future yield growth is an important topic from ...

Gitiaux, Xavier

70

UNCONVENTIONAL METHODS FOR YIELD IMPROVEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods (active heating and cooling, directional solidifi- cation) Novel yield improvement techniques through a vari- ety of active heating and cooling schemes. It is envisioned that the techniques will allow techniques for decreasing the size and number of risers re- quired to produce quality castings

Beckermann, Christoph

71

Executive Summary High-Yield Scenario Workshop Series Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To get a collective sense of the impact of research and development (R&D) on biomass resource availability, and to determine the feasibility that yields higher than baseline assumptions used for past assessments could be achieved to support U.S. energy independence, an alternate High-Yield Scenario (HYS) concept was presented to industry experts at a series of workshops held in December 2009. The workshops explored future production of corn/agricultural crop residues, herbaceous energy crops (HECs), and woody energy crops (WECs). This executive summary reports the findings of that workshop.

Leslie Park Ovard; Thomas H. Ulrich; David J. Muth Jr.; J. Richard Hess; Steven Thomas; Bryce Stokes

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

TOWARDS STANDARDIZATION OF CSP YIELD ASSESSMENTS Richard Meyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the field of concentrating solar power (CSP) standardized procedures for the assessment of energy yields German Aerospace Center (DLR), Inst. f. Technical Thermodynamics, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany 4 Oldenburg University, Department of Energy and Semiconductor Research, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany

Heinemann, Detlev

73

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

74

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Plasmonic light yield enhancement of a liquid scintillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate modifications to the light yield properties of an organic liquid scintillator due to the localization of the tertiary fluorophore component to the surface of Ag-core silica-shell nanoparticles. We attribute this enhancement to the near-field interaction of Ag nanoparticle plasmons with these fluor molecules. The scintillation light yield enhancement is shown to be equal to the fluorescence enhancement within measurement uncertainties. With a suitable choice of plasmon energy and scintillation fluor, this effect may be used to engineer scintillators with enhanced light yields for radiation detection applications.

Bignell, Lindsey J.; Jackson, Timothy W. [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia)] [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Mume, Eskender [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia) [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Center of Excellence in Anti-matter Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra (Australia); Lee, George P. [Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia)] [Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia)

2013-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

76

Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

by RED will convert exhaust heat into steam, in turn driving a power generator that will offset nearly one half of the purchased electricity used. This process will also reduce...

77

Colorado School of Mines 11 and is sure to attract substantially more  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D minor in high performance computing; the continued development of an existing five-year BS/MS program programs in high performance computing, as well as hands-on learning opportunities, to colleges to create a high performance computing center dedicated to energy-related science. Called the Golden Energy

78

Policy Flash 2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15, 2010Energy6 FronteraMarijuana use | DepartmentPOLICYDepartment

79

Neutron source capability assessment for cumulative fission yields measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent analysis of high-quality cumulative fission yields data for Pu-239 published in the peer-reviewed literature showed that the quoted experimental uncertainties do not allow a clear statement on how the fission yields vary as a function of energy. [Prussin2009] To make such a statement requires a set of experiments with well 'controlled' and understood sources of experimental errors to reduce uncertainties as low as possible, ideally in the 1 to 2% range. The Inter Laboratory Working Group (ILWOG) determined that Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) would benefit from an experimental program with the stated goal to reduce the measurement uncertainties significantly in order to make a definitive statement of the relationship of energy dependence to the cumulative fission yields. Following recent discussions between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), there is a renewed interest in developing a concerted experimental program to measure fission yields in a neutron energy range from thermal energy (0.025 eV) to 14 MeV with an emphasis on discrete energies from 0.5 to 4 MeV. Ideally, fission yields would be measured at single energies, however, in practice there are only 'quasi-monoenergetic' neutrons sources of finite width. This report outlines a capability assessment as of June 2011 of available neutron sources that could be used as part of a concerted experimental program to measure cumulative fission yields. In a framework of international collaborations, capabilities available in the United States, at the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) in the United Kingdom and at the Commissariat Energie Atomique (CEA) in France are listed. There is a need to develop an experimental program that will reduce the measurement uncertainties significantly in order to make a definitive statement of the relationship of energy dependence to the cumulative fission yields. Fission and monoenergetic neutron sources are available that could support these fission yield experiments in the US, as well as at AWE and CEA. Considerations that will impact the final choice of experimental venues are: (1) Availability during the timeframe of interest; (2) Ability to accommodate special nuclear materials; (3) Cost; (4) Availability of counting facilities; and (5) Expected experimental uncertainties.

Descalle, M A; Dekin, W; Kenneally, J

2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

80

Evaluation and compilation of fission product yields 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the latest in a series of compilations of fission yield data. Fission yield measurements reported in the open literature and calculated charge distributions have been used to produce a recommended set of yields for the fission products. The original data with reference sources, and the recommended yields axe presented in tabular form. These include many nuclides which fission by neutrons at several energies. These energies include thermal energies (T), fission spectrum energies (F), 14 meV High Energy (H or HE), and spontaneous fission (S), in six sets of ten each. Set A includes U235T, U235F, U235HE, U238F, U238HE, Pu239T, Pu239F, Pu241T, U233T, Th232F. Set B includes U233F, U233HE, U236F, Pu239H, Pu240F, Pu241F, Pu242F, Th232H, Np237F, Cf252S. Set C includes U234F, U237F, Pu240H, U234HE, U236HE, Pu238F, Am241F, Am243F, Np238F, Cm242F. Set D includes Th227T, Th229T, Pa231F, Am241T, Am241H, Am242MT, Cm245T, Cf249T, Cf251T, Es254T. Set E includes Cf250S, Cm244S, Cm248S, Es253S, Fm254S, Fm255T, Fm256S, Np237H, U232T, U238S. Set F includes Cm243T, Cm246S, Cm243F, Cm244F, Cm246F, Cm248F, Pu242H, Np237T, Pu240T, and Pu242T to complete fission product yield evaluations for 60 fissioning systems in all. This report also serves as the primary documentation for the second evaluation of yields in ENDF/B-VI released in 1993.

England, T.R.; Rider, B.F.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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81

Compilation of fission product yields Vallecitos Nuclear Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the ninth in a series of compilations of fission yield data made at Vallecitos Nuclear Center in which fission yield measurements reported in the open literature and calculated charge distributions have been utilized to produce a recommended set of yields for the known fission products. The original data with reference sources, as well as the recommended yields are presented in tabular form for the fissionable nuclides U-235, Pu-239, Pu-241, and U-233 at thermal neutron energies; for U-235, U-238, Pu-239, and Th-232 at fission spectrum energies; and U-235 and U-238 at 14 MeV. In addition, U-233, U-236, Pu-240, Pu-241, Pu-242, Np-237 at fission spectrum energies; U-233, Pu-239, Th-232 at 14 MeV and Cf-252 spontaneous fission are similarly treated. For 1979 U234F, U237F, Pu249H, U234He, U236He, Pu238F, Am241F, Am243F, Np238F, and Cm242F yields were evaluated. In 1980, Th227T, Th229T, Pa231F, Am241T, Am241H, Am242Mt, Cm245T, Cf249T, Cf251T, and Es254T are also evaluated.

Rider, B.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Study of B{yields}X(3872)K, with X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of the decays B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +} and B{sup 0}{yields}X(3872)K{sup 0} with X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}. The data sample used, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage ring, corresponds to 455x10{sup 6}BB pairs. Branching fraction measurements of B(B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(8.4{+-}1.5{+-}0.7)x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup 0}{yields}X(3872)K{sup 0})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(3.5{+-}1.9{+-}0.4)x10{sup -6} are obtained. We set an upper limit on the natural width of the X(3872) of {gamma}<3.3 MeV/c{sup 2} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] (and others)

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Estimation of two-parameter multilevel item response models with predictor variables: simulation and substantiation for an urban school district  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IRT models. However, models such as 2-PL MLIRT models have not been studied yet. This dissertation consists of two studies, a simulation and a substantiation for an urban school district dataset. The simulation study tested the performance...

Natesan, Prathiba

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

A light-weight optics-free EUV spectrometer with substantially improved efficiency and spectral resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ionization chamber for detecting UV radiation with sufficient photon energy for rare gas ionization was first "clones". All of these space based EUV spectrometers develop some time dependent degradation measurement uncertainties increase the total error in degradation estimates, and thus, decrease the accuracy

Didkovsky, Leonid

85

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for Cement Making. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This practice wastes substantial energy and should never beway to recover energy from waste. The carbon dioxidecan obtain a free energy and waste assessment. The audit is

Worrell, Ernst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. The Advanced Fossil Energy Projects solicitation, authorized by Title XVII...

87

Yield Strength as a Thermodynamic Consequence of Information Erasure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We observe that the yield strength of a variety of materials, including highly structured and densely packed metals, alloys and semi-crystalline polymers is reasonably approximated by the thermal energy density of the material. This suggests that it is related to the entropic cost of the irreversible work done during plastic deformation rather than the enthalpic cost that depends on the elastic modulus of the material. Here we propose that the entropic cost of material rearrangement in crystalline solids arises from the difference in the uncertainty in building block positions before and after yielding and estimate it using Landauer's principle for information processing. The yield strength thus obtained in given by the thermal energy density of the material multiplied by ln(2) and provides a guidepost in estimating the strength of materials complementary to the "theoretical strength of solids".

Katira, Parag

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

Harper, Thomas Lawrence

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

Harper, Thomas Lawrence

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

MFR PAPER 1132 The ocean's yield of seafood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- termine how we ought to be farming these cold seas? What crops will be best? How can we cultivate for the least cost in energy and materials. From bottle gardens to national parks, most of our garden designs provided immense yields of food crops ; other ex- amples are flower gardens in the man- grove swamps

91

[old]_High Yield Scenario  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL HomeYoung InventorNothing About

92

Fission product chain yields and delayed neutrons: ANS standards 5. 2 and 5. 8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chain yields are the addition of the direct values along constant (Z + N) paths. The addition must also account for decay branching, especially for delayed neutrons that couple the mass chains. The result is the familiar double-humped plot of yield per fission versus mass number. The lines of stable nuclides and most probable yield are shown in the (Z,N) plane. Some modern measurements provide direct yields; other provide cumulative values for long-lived or stable products. Yield evaluations must account for each type of measurement and the degree of decay coupling, beginning with direct yields. For some fissioning nuclides at thermal or fast neutron incident energies, the amount of data is enormous; and for other nuclide-energy combinations, the data must be developed from systematics. Many applications of chain yields can use the same systematics to estimate independent values. The ANS 5.2 standard is currently in rough draft form for comment from working group members.

England, T.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Brady, M.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Rider, B.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Fusion yield: Guderley model and Tsallis statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reaction rate probability integral is extended from Maxwell-Boltzmann approach to a more general approach by using the pathway model introduced by Mathai [Mathai A.M.:2005, A pathway to matrix-variate gamma and normal densities, Linear Algebra and Its Applications}, 396, 317-328]. The extended thermonuclear reaction rate is obtained in closed form via a Meijer's G-function and the so obtained G-function is represented as a solution of a homogeneous linear differential equation. A physical model for the hydrodynamical process in a fusion plasma compressed and laser-driven spherical shock wave is used for evaluating the fusion energy integral by integrating the extended thermonuclear reaction rate integral over the temperature. The result obtained is compared with the standard fusion yield obtained by Haubold and John in 1981.[Haubold, H.J. and John, R.W.:1981, Analytical representation of the thermonuclear reaction rate and fusion energy production in a spherical plasma shock wave, Plasma Physics, 23, 399-...

Haubold, H J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Sandia National Laboratories: quantum yield  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine bladelifetimepower-to-gasproduce

95

Energy Efficiency of LEDs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency of LEDs The energy efficiency of LEDs has increased substantially since the first general illumination products came to market, with currently available lamps and...

96

Method and apparatus for sampling low-yield wells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for collecting a sample from a low-yield well or perched aquifer includes a pump and a controller responsive to water level sensors for filling a sample reservoir. The controller activates the pump to fill the reservoir when the water level in the well reaches a high level as indicated by the sensor. The controller deactivates the pump when the water level reaches a lower level as indicated by the sensors. The pump continuously activates and deactivates the pump until the sample reservoir is filled with a desired volume, as indicated by a reservoir sensor. At the beginning of each activation cycle, the controller optionally can select to purge an initial quantity of water prior to filling the sample reservoir. The reservoir can be substantially devoid of air and the pump is a low volumetric flow rate pump. Both the pump and the reservoir can be located either inside or outside the well.

Last, George V. (Richland, WA); Lanigan, David C. (Kennewick, WA)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

U.S. Refinery Yield  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinterYear Jan Feb2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

98

Data Transfer Nodes Yield Results!  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice ofINL is aID Service First DOIDataDTN Data

99

Chemist's Pursuit of Molecular Beauty May Yield Energy Breakthroughs -Chronicle.com http://chronicle.com/weekly/v55/i35/35a01002.htm[5/4/2009 5:06:38 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alternative-Energy Degrees, Fueled by Student Demand Article: Colleges Drive Research on Electric Cars Article Special issues & data Short Subjects Gazette Corrections Opinion & Forums Careers Multimedia Leadership Forum Technology Forum Resource Center Campus Viewpoints Services Help Contact us About The Chronicle

Yaghi, Omar M.

100

A MULTI-GENE MOLECULAR INVESTIGATION OF THE KELP (LAMINARIALES, PHAEOPHYCEAE) SUPPORTS SUBSTANTIAL TAXONOMIC RE-ORGANIZATION1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MULTI-GENE MOLECULAR INVESTIGATION OF THE KELP (LAMINARIALES, PHAEOPHYCEAE) SUPPORTS SUBSTANTIAL. Despite the fact that kelp are some of the most intensely stud- ied macroalgae in the world attraction; nested analyses; phylogenetics; Saccharina The order Laminariales Migula, commonly called kelp

Lane, Chris

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Method for operating a nuclear reactor to accommodate load follow while maintaining a substantially constant axial power distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention provides a method of operating a nuclear reactor having a negative reactivity moderator temperature coefficient with the object of maintaining a uniform and symmetric xenon distribution above and below substantially the center of the core over a substantial axial length of the core during normal reactor operation including load follow. In one embodiment variations in the xenon distribution are controlled by maintaining a substantially symmetric axial power distribution. The axial offset, which is employed as an indication of the axial power distribution, is maintained substantially equal to a target value , which is modified periodically to account for core burnup. A neutron absorbing element within the core coolant, or moderator, is employed to assist control of reactivity changes associated with changes in power, with the full-length control rods mainly employed to adjust variations in the axial power distribution while the part-length rodsremain completely withdrawn from the fuel region of the core. Rapid changes in reactivity are implemented, to accommodate corresponding changes in load, by a controlled reduction of the core coolant temperature. Thus, active core coolant temperature control is employed to control the reactivity of the core during load follow operation and effectively increase the spinning reserve capability of a power plant without altering the axial power distribution.

Mueller, N.P.; Rossi, C.E.; Scherpereel, L.R.

1980-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

102

Abstract--Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially decreases the trauma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially on the beating heart is valve repair. To address this need, this paper proposes a tool for replacing mitral valve replacement and reduction of regurgitation was demonstrated in an ex-vivo heart simulator. I. INTRODUCTION UE

Dupont, Pierre

103

The Poverty Initiative These courses include substantial engagement with the representation of, experiences of, consequences of, or causes of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Poverty Initiative These courses include substantial engagement with the representation of on issues that have indirect implications for poverty, please see the Center for Learning in Action website(S) Poverty and Public Policy (Professor Lara Shore-Sheppard) ECON 468(S) Your Money or Your Life (Professor

Aalberts, Daniel P.

104

Yield criteria for quasibrittle and frictional materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new yield/damage function is proposed for modelling the inelastic behaviour of a broad class of pressure-sensitive, frictional, ductile and brittle-cohesive materials. The yield function allows the possibility of describing a transition between the shape of a yield surface typical of a class of materials to that typical of another class of materals. This is a fundamental key to model the behaviour of materials which become cohesive during hardening (so that the shape of the yield surface evolves from that typical of a granular material to that typical of a dense material), or which decrease cohesion due to damage accumulation. The proposed yield function is shown to agree with a variety of experimental data relative to soil, concrete, rock, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers. The yield function represents a single, convex and smooth surface in stress space approaching as limit situations well-known criteria and the extreme limits of convexity in the deviatoric plane. The yield function is therefore a generalization of several criteria, including von Mises, Drucker-Prager, Tresca, modified Tresca, Coulomb-Mohr, modified Cam-clay, and --concerning the deviatoric section-- Rankine and Ottosen. Convexity of the function is proved by developing two general propositions relating convexity of the yield surface to convexity of the corresponding function. These propositions are general and therefore may be employed to generate other convex yield functions.

Davide Bigoni; Andrea Piccolroaz

2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

Secondary Charmonium Production at LHC Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the production of charmonium by $D\\bar D$ annihilation during the mixed and hadronic phase of Pb-Pb collision at LHC energy. The calculations for secondary $J/\\psi$ and $\\psi^,$ production are performed within a kinetic model taking into account the space-time evolution of a longitudinally and transversely expanding medium. It is shown that the yield of secondary $J/\\psi$ mesons depends strongly on the $J/\\psi$ dissociation cross section with co-moving hadrons. Within the most likely scenario for the dissociation cross section it will be negligible. The secondary production of $\\psi^,$ mesons, however, due to their large cross section above the threshold, can substantially exceed the primary yield.

P. Braun-Munzinger; K. Redlich

1999-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

TIF film, substrates and nonfumigant soil disinfestation maintain fruit yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

soil disinfestation maintain fruit yields Steve Fennimore bystrawberry production sea- son, fruit yields on substrateswere com- parable to fruit yields using conventional

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Coal-Fired Power Plants, Greenhouse Gases, and State Statutory Substantial Endangerment Provisions: Climate Change Comes to Kansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to climate change. Second, it provides regulatory context for KDHE?s decision denying a permit for the Sunflower project. It summarizes the status of federal regulation of greenhouse gas (?GHG?) emissions. It also describes state efforts to fill... of air quality permits for the Sunflower units is within KDHE?s authority to take actions to prevent the substantial endangerment to public health and the environment arising from GHG emissions. I reach this conclusion even though the denial was based...

Glicksman, Robert L.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy Impacts of Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits of Apartments in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monthly gas and electricity use data from a set of 13 study apartments and 20 control apartments from three apartment buildings (B1 B3) in California were analyzed. The study apartments were retrofit with simultaneous energy savings and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) improvements as the goal. The control apartments were not retrofit. Pre-retrofit modeling indicated annual energy savings of 21percent, 17percent, and 27percent for the study apartments in B1-B3, respectively. Based on a comparison of changes in energy use of study apartments to energy use changes of control apartments, total measured savings of gas energy plus site electrical energy were 28percent in B1, 5percent in B2, and 3percent in B3. Given the small number of study apartments and the substantial changes in energy use within control apartments, the project yielded no conclusive evidence of energy savings. Apartment energy use increased with number of occupants and with floor area; however, the association with occupancy was most evident. Climate differences did not appear to be the major driver for the variability in energy use among apartments. Changes in occupant behaviors affecting energy use may have overwhelmed and obscured the energy savings in this small number of buildings. Much larger prior studies employing similar retrofits indicate that the retrofits usually do save energy.

Fisk, William J.; Norris, Federico; Singer, Brett C.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Aerosol Processes Enabling Solar Energy Applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Development of alternative energy sources is essential to satisfy future energy demands. While remaining fossil fuel resources may substantially meet these demands, anthropogenic carbon dioxide: (more)

An, Woo Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Free ion yields in liquids: Molecular structure and track effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The signal generated in a liquid-filled ionization chamber is proporational to the ions that escape, the free ion yield or, G{sub fi}. Recent results show how molecular structure, rate of energy loss (dE/dx) and pressure affect G{sub fi} and give further insight into the ionization process in liquids. As a consequence of the passage of high energy charged particles through a liquid, molecules are ionized and excited. The electrons have kinetic energy initially which allow them to travel some distance away from their geminate cations. The electrons may lose energy to vibrational modes but a significant fraction of the separation occurs while the electrons have subvibrational (near thermal) energy. When the electron finally thermalizes it is within the coulombic field of its parent cation and the two ions constitute a geminate pair. The free ion yield is determined by the fraction of geminate pairs which separate to form free ions as against those that recombine to form excited states.

Holroyd, R.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Free ion yields in liquids: Molecular structure and track effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The signal generated in a liquid-filled ionization chamber is proporational to the ions that escape, the free ion yield or, G{sub fi}. Recent results show how molecular structure, rate of energy loss (dE/dx) and pressure affect G{sub fi} and give further insight into the ionization process in liquids. As a consequence of the passage of high energy charged particles through a liquid, molecules are ionized and excited. The electrons have kinetic energy initially which allow them to travel some distance away from their geminate cations. The electrons may lose energy to vibrational modes but a significant fraction of the separation occurs while the electrons have subvibrational (near thermal) energy. When the electron finally thermalizes it is within the coulombic field of its parent cation and the two ions constitute a geminate pair. The free ion yield is determined by the fraction of geminate pairs which separate to form free ions as against those that recombine to form excited states.

Holroyd, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

New measurements of the astrophysical S factor for {sup 12}C(p,{gamma}){sup 13}N reaction at low energies and the asymptotic normalization coefficient (nuclear vertex constant) for the p+{sup 12}C{yields}{sup 13}N reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New measurements of differential and total cross sections for the {sup 12}C(p,{gamma}){sup 13}N reaction have been made at beam energies of E{sub p}=354,390,460,463,565,750, and 1061 keV. Analysis of the astrophysical S factor S(E) for the {sup 12}C(p,{gamma}){sup 13}N reaction at low energies and of the reaction rates has been carried out within the R-matrix approach by using the previously measured nuclear vertex constant (or the respective asymptotic normalization coefficient) for the virtual decay {sup 13}N{yields}p+{sup 12}C to fix the direct capture part of the amplitude in S(E). It is demonstrated that the R-matrix approach, using the measured asymptotic normalization coefficient, can be employed as an ideal tool, minimizing the uncertainties associated with a calculation of the direct capture cross section of the {sup 12}C(p,{gamma}){sup 13}N reaction at extremely low energies. New information on the proton and {gamma} width for the first excited state of {sup 13}N is obtained.

Burtebaev, N.; Zazulin, D. M. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, 050032 Almaty (Kazakhstan); Igamov, S. B.; Yarmukhamedov, R. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Peterson, R. J. [Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Revenue impacts of airline yield management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the highly competitive airline industry today, Yield or Revenue Management is extremely important to the survival of any carrier. Since fares are generally matched by all carriers to be competitive, the ability of an ...

Mak, Chung Yu

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy Payback for Energy Systems Ensembles During Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During periods of growth, the energy payback performance of new energy generating technologies deviates substantially from the usual static measures of energy return on investment (EROI), and time to breakeven (tB) for ...

Gutowski, Timothy G.

115

Measurement of Pressure Dependent Fluorescence Yield of Air: Calibration Factor for UHECR Detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a test experiment at the Final Focus Test Beam of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the fluorescence yield of 28.5 GeV electrons in air and nitrogen was measured. The measured photon yields between 300 and 400 nm at 1 atm and 29 C are Y(760 Torr){sup air} = 4.42 {+-} 0.73 and Y(760 Torr){sup N{sub 2}} = 29.2 {+-} 4.8 photons per electron per meter. Assuming that the fluorescence yield is proportional to the energy deposition of a charged particle traveling through air, good agreement with measurements at lower particle energies is observed.

Belz, J.W.; Burt, G.W.; Cao, Z.; Chang, F.Y.; Chen, C.C.; Chen, C.W.; Chen, P.; Field, C.; Findlay, J.; Huntemeyer, Petra; Huang, M.A.; Hwang, W.-Y.P.; Iverson, R.; Jones, B.F.; Jui, C.C.H.; Kirn, M.; Lin, G.-L.; Loh, E.C.; Maestas, M.M.; Manago, N.; Martens, K.; /Montana U. /Utah U. /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Rutgers U., Piscataway

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

Yield Stress Materials in Soft Condensed Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a comprehensive review of the physical behavior of yield stress materials in soft condensed matter, which encompasses a broad range of soft materials from colloidal assemblies and gels to emulsions and non-Brownian suspensions. All these disordered materials display a nonlinear response to an external mechanical forcing, which results from the existence of a finite force threshold for flow to occur, the yield stress. We discuss both the physical origin and the rheological consequences associated with this nonlinear behavior. We give an overview of the different experimental techniques developed to measure the yield stress. We discuss extensively the recent progress concerning a microscopic description of the flow dynamics of yield stress materials, emphasizing in particular the role played by relaxation timescales, the interplay between shear flow and aging behavior, the existence of inhomogeneous shear flows and shear bands, wall slip, and non-local effects in confined geometries. We finally review the status of modeling of the shear rheology of yield stress materials in the framework of continuum mechanics.

Daniel Bonn; Jose Paredes; Morton M. Denn; Ludovic Berthier; Thibaut Divoux; Sbastien Manneville

2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

117

Innovative, Lower Cost Sensors and Controls Yield Better Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joshi shows how the process enables electronics components to be printed on flexible plastic substrates. Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab ORNL researchers are experimenting with...

118

Innovative, lower cost sensors and controls yield better energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Joshi shows how the process enables electronics components to be printed on flexible plastic substrates. ORNL researchers are experimenting with additive roll-to-roll...

119

Spot Convenience Yield Models for Energy Michael Ludkovski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is not true for some commodities, such as electricity. Even for mature markets like crude oil where spot of fu- ture asset and current consumption values. However, unlike financial deriva- tives, storage, the agent has the option of flexibility with regards to consumption (no risk of commodity shortage

Ludkovski, Mike

120

Plant-Wide Energy Conservation Program Yields Impressive Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teledyne Continental Motors, Industrial Products Division (IPD), presently has 752,300 square feet of manufacturing area located on 59 acres in downtown Muskegon, Michigan. Fifty percent of the buildings were constructed between 1917 and 1921...

Adlkes, R. P.; Zupko, A. J.; Adams, J. W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Secretary of Energy Recognizes Federal Employees for Efforts Yielding $18  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the Americas | Department ofofDelivered | Summary

122

Optimizing Production of Hydroquinone Achieves Increased Yield and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

definition ? Risk assessment ? In order to move past the cultural barriers, a detailed risk assessment was essential for stakeholder buy-in. ? The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) tool was used to document and evaluate potential risks.... ? Reliable supply at high level of p-DIPB ? Peroxides degradation at higher temperatures ? Inventory management ? Labor ? operations and packaging (contractors) ? FMEA promoted understanding of the risks. Project definition ? Risk management ? Performed...

Gross, S.

123

Scintillator yields glimpse of elusive solar neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-energy neutrinos are byproducts of the first reaction in a chain that generates 99% of the Suns energy.

Smart, Ashley G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Computer Simulations Yield Clues to How Cells Interact With Surroundings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group andCompositional Variation TheSimulations Yield Clues to How

125

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11LargeLaserLaser Seeding Yields

126

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11LargeLaserLaser Seeding YieldsLaser

127

Original article Enhancement of yield and persistence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

endophyte isolate in France Catherine Ravela Franois Balfouriera Jean Jacques Guillauminb aUnit d March 1999; accepted 6 July 1999) Abstract - The contribution of Neotyphodium endophytes the yield and persistence of three endophyte-infected (E.I.) and endophyte-free (E.F.) perennial ryegrass

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

128

Yield learning model for integrated circuit package  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Plastic Quad Flat Pack and the Ceramic Ball Grid Array at IBM, and the Plastic Ball Grid Array at Motorola. This model has been used as a management toot for making yield predictions, resource allocations, understanding operating practices and provide what...

Balasubramaniam, Gaurishankar

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Yield stress and elastic modulus of suspensions of noncolloidal particles in yield stress fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this yield stress; above the yield stress they behave as liquids, and their flow behavior is usually well more complex at the approach of the transition between the liquid and the solid regimes [Coussot (2005 and Jorrot (2001)], a cement paste [Geiker et al. (2002)], a foam [Cohen-Addad et al. (2007)] or coal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

130

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of volatile fatty acids and caseinate into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of volatile fatty acids and caseinate isoenergetic infusions of either a low (17 mol/day of 64% acetic, 21% propionic and 15% butyric acids) or high that with infusions, energy and nitrogen needs were met and consisted of 60% maize silage, 10% hay, 21.5% energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Why methyl tert-butyl ether production by reactive distillation may yield multiple solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an explanation of why methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) production by reactive distillation may yield multiple solutions. Widely different composition profiles and conversions may, as already reported by Krishna and others, results with identical column specifications, depending on the initial estimates provided. A hypothesis yielding a qualitative understanding of this phenomenon has been developed. The inert n-butene plays a key role in the proposed explanation: As the reaction mixture is diluted with n-butene, the activity coefficient of methanol increases substantially and the temperature decreases. This dilution has a profound effect on the equilibrium conversion, enabling MTBE to escape from the reactive zone without decomposition. When methanol is fed below or in the lower part of the reactive zone of the column, the ``lifting capacity`` of the minimum boiling point MTBE-methanol azeotrope will also be important.

Hauan, S.; Hertzberg, T.; Lien, K.M. [Univ. of Trondheim (Norway)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for fresh and aged biogenic secondary organic aerosols. Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for...

133

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Researchers at...

134

Delayed neutron yield from fast neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurements of the total delayed neutron yield from fast neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U were made. The experimental method based on the periodic irradiation of the fissionable sample by neutrons from a suitable nuclear reaction had been employed. The preliminary results on the energy dependence of the total delayed neutron yield from fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U are obtained. According to the comparison of experimental data with our prediction based on correlation properties of delayed neutron characteristics, it is concluded that the value of the total delayed neutron yield near the threshold of (n,f) reaction is not a constant.

Piksaikin, V M; Isaev, S G; Kazakov, L E; Roshchenko, V A; Tertytchnyi, R G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Low Odor, High Yield Kraft Pulping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In laboratory cooks pure oxygen was profiled into the circulation line of a batch digester during two periods of the cooking cycle: The first injection occurred during the heating steps for the purpose of in-situ generation of polysulfide. This chip treatment was studied to explore stabilization against alkaline induced carbohydrate peeling and to increase pulp yield. Under optimum conditions small amounts of polysulfide were produced with yield increase of about 0.5% These increases fell below earlier reports suggesting that unknown differences in liquor composition may influence the relative amounts of polysulfide and thiosulfate generated during the oxidation. Consequently, further studies are required to understand the factors that influence the ratios of those two sulfur species.

W.T. McKean

2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Space-Based Solar Power | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

substantially more energy than terrestrial solar panels. How Does it Work? Solar panel equipped, energy transmitting satellites collect high intensity, uninterrupted solar...

137

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$ EGcG ENERGY MEASUREMENTS;/:4,4 (; . 1.;Suire

138

Biomass Feedstocks for Renewable Fuel Production: A review of the impacts of feedstock and pretreatment on the yield and product distribution of fast pyrolysis bio-oils and vapors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Renewable transportation fuels from biomass have the potential to substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and diversify global fuel supplies. Thermal conversion by fast pyrolysis converts up to 75% of the starting plant material (and its energy content) to a bio-oil intermediate suitable for upgrading to motor fuel. Woody biomass, by far the most widely-used and researched material, is generally preferred in thermochemical processes due to its low ash content and high quality bio-oil produced. However, the availability and cost of biomass resources, e.g. forest residues, agricultural residues, or dedicated energy crops, vary greatly by region and will be key determinates in the overall economic feasibility of a pyrolysis-to-fuel process. Formulation or blending of various feedstocks, combined with thermal and/or chemical pretreatment, could facilitate a consistent, high-volume, lower-cost biomass supply to an emerging biofuels industry. However, the impact of biomass type and pretreatment conditions on bio-oil yield and quality, and the potential process implications, are not well understood. This literature review summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding the effect of feedstock and pretreatments on the yield, product distribution, and upgradability of bio-oil.

Daniel Carpenter; Stefan Czernik; Whitney Jablonski; Tyler L. Westover

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Comparative analysis of the secondary electron yield from carbon nanoparticles and pure water medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production of secondary electrons generated by carbon nanoparticles and pure water medium irradiated by fast protons is studied by means of model approaches and Monte Carlo simulations. It is demonstrated that due to a prominent collective response to an external field, the nanoparticles embedded in the medium enhance the yield of low-energy electrons. The maximal enhancement is observed for electrons in the energy range where plasmons, which are excited in the nanoparticles, play the dominant role. Electron yield from a solid carbon nanoparticle composed of fullerite, a crystalline form of C60 fullerene, is demonstrated to be several times higher than that from liquid water. Decay of plasmon excitations in carbon-based nanosystems thus represents a mechanism of increase of the low-energy electron yield, similar to the case of sensitizing metal nanoparticles. This observation gives a hint for investigation of novel types of sensitizers to be composed of metallic and organic parts.

Verkhovtsev, Alexey; de Vera, Pablo; Surdutovich, Eugene; Guatelli, Susanna; Korol, Andrei V; Rosenfeld, Anatoly; Solov'yov, Andrey V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs by $142,000. 4.6.1 Boiler energy efficiency measuresThe boiler energy-efficiency measures presented below focusReplace old boilers Substantial efficiency gains can often

Worrell, Ernst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nanostructured Materials for Energy Generation and Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of the thermoelectric energy generation and battery storageefficiency of the thermoelectric energy generation and battery storagebattery electrodes suggest that the use of nanostructured materials can substantially improve the thermal management of the batteries and their energy storage efficiency.

Khan, Javed Miller

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Ashland's new process could boost gasoline yield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to O. E. Atkins (Ashland Oil Co.), Ashland's new fluid catalytic cracking process will convert heavy residual oil to (% by vol) 11% fuel gas, 4.8% LNG, 75.7% gasoline (if all the produced olefins are converted to gasoline), 9% distillates, and 8.1% heavy fuel oil. Ashland is building a $70 million, 40,000 bbl/day unit at its 215,000 bbl/day Catlettsburg, Ky., refinery which will increase the present 90,000 bbl/day gasoline yield by 25,000 bbl/day for the same amount of feedstock. The increased gasoline yield (no-lead octane rating of 94) is expected to increase the net margin on a barrel of feed from $8 up to $12, at the present prices of $11.50/bbl of residual oil and $40/bbl of gasoline. Ashland has not disclosed detailed information on the new process, which: can accommodate atmospheric residua that are high in sulfur and metals; is a high temperature, low (about 1 atm) pressure process; does not use hydrogen; uses a proprietary new crystalline silica-alumina microspherical (zeolite) catalyst which, via a proprietary passivating technique, will demetalize crude oil fractions of vanadium and nickel. Residuum cracking processes developed by other companies are briefly discussed.

Atkins, O.E.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energy Efficient Nanoelectronic System Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.newairplane.com One 787 Battery: 12 Cells / 32 V DC 05/21/2013 6 #12;Why Energy Efficient Design ? Environmental energy-efficient designs. How to perform high-yield, energy efficient designs. How to perform effortless, high-yield, energy efficient designs. Gate Gate Gate Source D rain Graphene Layer 05/21/2013 14

Mohanty, Saraju P.

144

Infrared scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid argon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of primary and secondary scintillations in noble gases and liquids is of paramount importance to rare-event experiments using noble gas media. In the present work, the scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the near infrared (NIR) and visible region, both for primary and secondary (proportional) scintillations, using Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (G-APDs) and pulsed X-ray irradiation. The primary scintillation yield of the fast component was measured to be 17000 photon/MeV in gaseous Ar in the NIR, in the range of 690-1000 nm, and 510 photon/MeV in liquid Ar, in the range of 400-1000 nm. Proportional NIR scintillations (electroluminescence) in gaseous Ar have been also observed; their amplification parameter at 163 K was measured to be 13 photons per drifting electron per kV. Possible applications of NIR scintillations in high energy physics experiments are discussed.

A. Buzulutskov; A. Bondar; A. Grebenuk

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

145

Z, ZX, and X-1: A Realistic Path to High Fusion Yield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Z-pinches now constitute the most energetic and powerful sources of x-rays available by a large margin. The Z accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories has produced 1.8 MJ of x-ray energy, 280 TW of power, and hohlraum temperatures of 200 eV. These advances are being applied to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments on Z. The requirements for high fusion yield are exemplified in the target to be driven by the X-1 accelerator. X-1 will drive two z-pinches, each producing 7 MJ of x-ray energy and about 1000 TW of x-ray power. Together, these radiation sources will heat a hohlraum containing the 4-mm diameter ICF capsule to a temperature exceeding 225 eV for about 10 ns, with the pulse shape required to drive the capsule to high fusion yield, in the range of 200--1000 MJ. Since X-1 consists of two identical accelerators, it is possible to mitigate the technical risk of high yield by constructing one accelerator. This accelerator, ZX, will bridge the gap from Z to X-1 by driving an integrated target experiment with a very efficient energy source, ZX will also provide experimental condition that the full specifications of the X-1 accelerator for high yield are achievable, and that a realistic path to high fission yield exists.

COOK, DONALD L.

1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

146

Northern California: Innovative Exploration Technologies Yield Geothermal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJaredOak Ridge’sCutWorkersNiketa KumarPotential |

147

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4: Networking for37 East and WestLydiaEnabling timeEnergeticsEnergy

148

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home It is the|ResourcesCareersEmploymentEnergy

149

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0 psi. ~Butanol is an alcohol that can be but does not have to be blended with fossil fuels. ~Butanol existing pipelines and filling stations. ~Hydrogen generated during the butanol fermentation process is expected to increase dramatically if green butanol can be produced economically from low cost biomass

Toohey, Darin W.

150

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of different levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of different levels and natures of energy of propionic acid. However, pro- pionic infusion did not always lead to an increase in protein content (Hurtaud explain this effect. A rumen infusion of propionic acid (13.41 mol/d) was compared with water as a nega

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations Using propane monooxygenase prepared by directed evolu- tion [P450PMOR2; Fasan et al. (2007); Angew Chem Int Ed of the energy source (glucose) in the propane biotransformation com- pared to the native E. coli strain. Using

Arnold, Frances H.

152

Analysis of Photovoltaic System Energy Performance Evaluation Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Documentation of the energy yield of a large photovoltaic (PV) system over a substantial period can be useful to measure a performance guarantee, as an assessment of the health of the system, for verification of a performance model to then be applied to a new system, or for a variety of other purposes. Although the measurement of this performance metric might appear to be straight forward, there are a number of subtleties associated with variations in weather and imperfect data collection that complicate the determination and data analysis. A performance assessment is most valuable when it is completed with a very low uncertainty and when the subtleties are systematically addressed, yet currently no standard exists to guide this process. This report summarizes a draft methodology for an Energy Performance Evaluation Method, the philosophy behind the draft method, and the lessons that were learned by implementing the method.

Kurtz, S.; Newmiller, J.; Kimber, A.; Flottemesch, R.; Riley, E.; Dierauf, T.; McKee, J.; Krishnani, P.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Precise Measurement of the Absolute Yield of Fluorescence Photons in Atmospheric Gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed a measurement of the absolute yield of fluorescence photons at the Fermilab Test Beam. A systematic uncertainty at 5% level was achieved by the use of Cherenkov radiation as a reference calibration light source. A cross-check was performed by an independent calibration using a laser light source. A significant improvement on the energy scale uncertainty of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays is expected.

Ave, M.; /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol.; Bohacova, M.; /Chicago U., EFI; Daumiller, K.; /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol.; Di Carlo, P.; /INFN, Aquila; Di Giulio, C.; /INFN, Rome; Luis, P.Facal San; /Chicago U., EFI; Gonzales, D.; /Karlsruhe U., EKP; Hojvat, C.; /Fermilab; Horandel, J.R.; /Nijmegen U., IMAPP; Hrabovsky, M.; /Palacky U.; Iarlori, M.; /INFN, Aquila /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Harnessing the Department of Energys High-Performance Computing Expertise to Strengthen the U.S. Chemical Enterprise  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-performance computing (HPC) is one area where the DOE has developed extensive expertise and capability. However, this expertise currently is not properly shared with or used by the private sector to speed product development, enable industry to move rapidly into new areas, and improve product quality. Such use would lead to substantial competitive advantages in global markets and yield important economic returns for the United States. To stimulate the dissemination of DOE's HPC expertise, the Council for Chemical Research (CCR) and the DOE jointly held a workshop on this topic. Four important energy topic areas were chosen as the focus of the meeting: Biomass/Bioenergy, Catalytic Materials, Energy Storage, and Photovoltaics. Academic, industrial, and government experts in these topic areas participated in the workshop to identify industry needs, evaluate the current state of expertise, offer proposed actions and strategies, and forecast the expected benefits of implementing those strategies.

Dixon, David A.; Dupuis, Michel; Garrett, Bruce C.; Neaton, Jeffrey B.; Plata, Charity; Tarr, Matthew A.; Tomb, Jean-Francois; Golab, Joseph T.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

155

Value of Irrigation Water with Alternative Input Prices, Product Prices and Yield Levels: Texas High Plains and Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

risen to record levels; because of the energy crisis and the rapid rate of inflation, prices of fertilizer and fuel have at least doubled, and the price of other farm inputs have risen substantially. These price changes, in absolute and relative terms...

Lacewell, R. D.; Sprott, J. M.; Beattie, B. R.

156

Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work for telecommunication services. For optical signal proc- essing, a variety of approaches are available for implementing

Wu, Shin-Tson

157

Weather-based forecasts of California crop yields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crop yield forecasts provide useful information to a range of users. Yields for several crops in California are currently forecast based on field surveys and farmer interviews, while for many crops official forecasts do not exist. As broad-scale crop yields are largely dependent on weather, measurements from existing meteorological stations have the potential to provide a reliable, timely, and cost-effective means to anticipate crop yields. We developed weather-based models of state-wide yields for 12 major California crops (wine grapes, lettuce, almonds, strawberries, table grapes, hay, oranges, cotton, tomatoes, walnuts, avocados, and pistachios), and tested their accuracy using cross-validation over the 1980-2003 period. Many crops were forecast with high accuracy, as judged by the percent of yield variation explained by the forecast, the number of yields with correctly predicted direction of yield change, or the number of yields with correctly predicted extreme yields. The most successfully modeled crop was almonds, with 81% of yield variance captured by the forecast. Predictions for most crops relied on weather measurements well before harvest time, allowing for lead times that were longer than existing procedures in many cases.

Lobell, D B; Cahill, K N; Field, C B

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0, 1997Environment > Voluntary826Industry forEmergingM

159

ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement ||More EmphasisofEMABTank WasteEnvironmental

160

Possible Fine Structure in the Delayed Neutron Yields in the Resonance Region for Pu-239  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of analysis of fluctuation in the delayed neutron yield on the basis of the multimodal fission model was applied to the low-energy resolved resonances for Pu-239. The present calculation using recent data of the fluctuation of the mode branching ratios for the resolved resonances showed both positive and negative resonance structure in the delayed neutron yield relative to the thermal neutron value. This is in contrast to the U-235 case, for which mainly negative dips of about -3.5% were predicted.

Ohsawa, Takaaki; Torii, Takayuki [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kinki University, Higashi-osaka 577-8502 (Japan); Hambsch, Franz-Josef [EC-JRC-Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIAL BARRIERS TO THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California's wind potential see: California EnergyAct of 1935. The potential for wind power in the Southwestthe potential energy available in the wind is substantial --

Schladale, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Particle production and energy deposition studies for the Neutrino Factory target station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present FLUKA and MARS simulation studies of the pion production and energy deposition in the Neutrino Factory baseline target station, which consists of a 4 MW proton beam interacting with a liquid mercury jet target within a 20 T solenoidal magnetic field. We show that a substantial increase in the shielding is needed to protect the superconducting coils from too much energy deposition. Investigations reveal that it is possible to reduce the magnetic field in the solenoid capture system without adversely affecting the pion production efficiency. We show estimates of the amount of concrete shielding that will be required to protect the environment from the high radiation doses generated by the target station facility. We also present yield and energy deposition results for alternative targets: gallium liquid jet, tungsten powder jet and solid tungsten bars.

Back, John J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Energy and materials flows in the production of olefins and their derivatives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of olefins and their derivatives uses almost 3.5% of the oil and gas consumed annually in the United States. It is estimated that their production requires an input energy of 2 Q, which is 50% of the energy used in the production of all petrochemicals. Substantial amounts of this energy could be recovered through recycling. For example, recycling of a single plastic product, polyester soft drink bottles, could have recovered about 0.014 Q in 1979. (About 1.4 Q is used to produce plastic derivatives of olefins). Petrochemical processes use fuels as feedstocks, as well as for process energy, and a portion of this energy is not foregone and can be recovered through combustion of the products. The energy foregone in the production of ethylene is estimated to be 7800 Btu/lb. The energy foregone in plastics production ranges from 12,100 Btu/lb for the new linear low-density polyethylene to 77,200 Btu/lb for nylon 66, which is about 60% of the total energy input for that product. Further investigation of the following areas could yield both material and energy savings in the olefins industry: (1) recycling of petrochemical products to recover energy in addition to that recoverable through combustion, (2) impact of feedstock substitution on utilization of available national resources, and (3) effective use of the heat embodied in process steam. This steam accounts for a major fraction of the industry's energy input.

Gaines, L.L.; Shen, S.Y.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

High-energy detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The preferred embodiments are directed to a high-energy detector that is electrically shielded using an anode, a cathode, and a conducting shield to substantially reduce or eliminate electrically unshielded area. The anode and the cathode are disposed at opposite ends of the detector and the conducting shield substantially surrounds at least a portion of the longitudinal surface of the detector. The conducting shield extends longitudinally to the anode end of the detector and substantially surrounds at least a portion of the detector. Signals read from one or more of the anode, cathode, and conducting shield can be used to determine the number of electrons that are liberated as a result of high-energy particles impinge on the detector. A correction technique can be implemented to correct for liberated electron that become trapped to improve the energy resolution of the high-energy detectors disclosed herein.

Bolotnikov, Aleksey E. (South Setauket, NY); Camarda, Giuseppe (Farmingville, NY); Cui, Yonggang (Upton, NY); James, Ralph B. (Ridge, NY)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

165

A new device that produces and collects multiple electrons per photon could yield inexpensive, high-efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new device that produces and collects multiple electrons per photon could yield inexpensive, high electron-hole pair) per absorbed high-energy photon, and this device definitively demonstrates-efficiency photovoltaics. A new device developed through research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL

166

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of graded levels of glucose into the duodenum of dairy cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of graded levels of glucose into the duodenum glucose supply. Three continuous duodenal infusions of glu- cose (500, 750 or 1 500 g/d) were compared alfalfa, 25.1% energy concentrate and 7.4% soybean meal) was fed proportionally to the energy infused so

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Study of the B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decay and measurement of the B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -} branching fraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the decay B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} using 117x10{sup 6} BB events collected at the Y(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage ring. We measure the branching fractions B (B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(116{+-}7(stat.){+-}9(syst.))x10{sup -5} and B (B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -})x B (X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(1.28{+-}0.41)x10{sup -5} and find the mass of the X(3872) to be 3873.4{+-}1.4 MeV/c{sup 2}. We search for the h{sub c} narrow state in the decay B{sup -}{yields}h{sub c}K{sup -}, h{sub c}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and for the decay B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}D{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}, with D{sup 0}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. We set the 90% C.L. limits B(B{sup -}{yields}h{sub c}K{sup -})xB(h{sub c}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})<3.4x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}D{sup 0}{pi}{sup -})<5.2x10{sup -5}.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Gaillard, J.-M.; Hicheur, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Palano, A.; Pompili, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039 (China); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. [University of Bergen, Inst. of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)] [and others

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

B{yields}{pi}K puzzle and new physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present B{yields}{pi}K data is studied in the context of the standard model (SM) and with new physics (NP). We confirm that the SM has difficulties explaining the B{yields}{pi}K measurements. By adopting an effective-lagrangian parametrization of NP effects, we are able to rule out several classes of NP. Our model-independent analysis shows that the B{yields}{pi}K data can be accommodated by NP in the electroweak penguin sector.

Baek, Seungwon; Hamel, Philippe; London, David; Datta, Alakabha; Suprun, Denis A. [Laboratoire Rene J.-A. Levesque, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, succ. centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A7 (Canada); Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA, 11973 (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

Povinelli, Richard J.

170

Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators94720, USA Europium-doped strontium and barium iodide areis still chal lenging. Strontium and barium iodide doped

Cherepy, Nerine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ionic Liquid Processing Increasing sugar yields from diverse biomass feedstock with ionic liquid processing and cultivation of renewable ionic liquids Liberating Sugars from...

172

Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication Capabilities Technology available for licesning: A radio frequency (RF) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) switch...

173

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Print Cells depend on contact with their outside environment in order to thrive. Two examples illustrate...

174

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

175

Microscopic cold fission yields of {sup 252}Cf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the sharp maximum corresponding to {sup 107}Mo in the fragment distribution of the {sup 252}Cf cold fission is actually a Sn-like radioactivity, similar to other decay processes in which magic nuclei are involved, namely alpha decay and heavy cluster emission, also called Pb-like radioactivity. It turns out that the mass asymmetry degree of freedom has a key role in connecting initial Sn with the final Mo isotopes along the fission path. We investigate the cold rearrangement of nucleons within the framework of the two-center shell model in order to compute the cold valleys in the charge equilibrated fragmentation potential. The fission yields are estimated by using the semiclassical penetration approach. We consider 5 degrees of freedom, namely the interfragment distance, the shapes of fragments, the neck parameter, and mass asymmetry. We found an isomeric minimum between the internal and external barriers. It turns out that the inner cold valley of the total potential energy is connected to the doubly magic isotope {sup 132}Sn.

Mirea, M. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 407 Atomistilor, RO-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Delion, D. S. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 407 Atomistilor, RO-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Academy of Romanian Scientists 54 Splaiul Independentei, RO-050094 Bucharest (Romania); Sandulescu, A. [Academy of Romanian Scientists 54 Splaiul Independentei, RO-050094 Bucharest (Romania); Institute for Advanced Studies in Physics, 129 Calea Victoriei, Bucharest (Romania)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Today's Forecast: Improved Wind Predictions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

forecast models for predicting substantial changes in winds at heights important for wind energy up to six hours in advance, allowing grid operators to predict expected wind...

177

Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy content, and liquid fuel yields from cultivation of cellulosic cropsenergy content, and liquid fuel yields from cultivation of cellulosic crops

Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Search for the decays J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{rho}{phi} and J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{rho}{omega}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using 58x10{sup 6} J/{psi} events collected with the Beijing Spectrometer (BESII) at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider, the decays J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{phi}{rho} and J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{omega}{rho} are searched for, and upper limits on their branching fractions are reported at the 90% C.L. No clear structures are observed in the {gamma}{rho}, {gamma}{phi}, or {rho}{phi} mass spectra for J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{phi}{rho} nor in the {gamma}{rho}, {gamma}{omega}, or {rho}{omega} mass spectra for J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{omega}{rho}.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Strain-rate and temperature dependence of yield stress of amorphous solids via self-learning metabasin escape algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general self-learning metabasin escape (SLME) algorithm~\\citep{caoPRE2012} is coupled in this work with continuous shear deformations to probe the yield stress as a function of strain rate and temperature for a binary Lennard-Jones (LJ) amorphous solid. The approach is shown to match the results of classical molecular dynamics (MD) at high strain rates where the MD results are valid, but, importantly, is able to access experimental strain rates that are about ten orders of magnitude slower than MD. In doing so, we find in agreement with previous experimental studies that a substantial decrease in yield stress is observed with decreasing strain rate. At room temperature and laboratory strain rates, the activation volume associated with yield is found to contain about 10 LJ particles, while the yield stress is as sensitive to a $1.5\\%T_{\\rm g}$ increase in temperature as it is to a one order of magnitude decrease in strain rate. Moreover, our SLME results suggest the SLME and extrapolated results from MD simulations follow distinctly different energetic pathways during the applied shear deformation at low temperatures and experimental strain rates, which implies that extrapolation of the governing deformation mechanisms from MD strain rates to experimental may not be valid.

Penghui Cao; Xi Lin; Harold S. Park

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

180

Airline price discrimination: A practice of yield management or customer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airline price discrimination: A practice of yield management or customer profiling? Rasha H.h.j.dierckx@student.utwente.nl ABSTRACT Prices of airline tickets frequently change, which is traditionally caused by yield management as price discrimination practice. In more recent times however, customer information is easily obtainable

Twente, Universiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

LIGHT-INDUCED CHANGES IN THE FLUORESCENCE YIELD OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHT-INDUCED CHANGES IN THE FLUORESCENCE YIELD OF CHLOROPHYLL a IN VIVO II. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA in Chlorella pyrenoidosa consists of a fast rise of the fluorescence yield from the level S (of the first wave photophosphorylation. INTRODUCTION The long-term fluorescence induction in Chlorella pyrenoidosa (second wave

Govindjee

182

Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal voids Vincent-Leblond-Devaux's (GLD) analysis of an rigid-ideal plastic (von Mises) spheroidal volume containing a confocal spheroidal of the proposed approximate yield criterion for plastic anisotropic media containing non-spherical voids

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate change model predicts 33 % rice yield decrease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate change model predicts 33 % rice yield decrease in 2100 in Bangladesh parameters on rice. The effects of climate change on yield of a popular winter rice cultivar in Bangladesh online: 12 June 2012 # INRA and Springer-Verlag, France 2012 Abstract In Bangladesh, projected climate

Boyer, Edmond

184

assessing yield optimization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

assessing yield optimization First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Sensitivity of Yield...

185

The Effect of Sulphur on Yield of Certain Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These small differences in sld are not regarded as significant. Sulphur did not increase the yield corn, ~vhich would indicate that the Lake Charles soils are not at ?sent deficient in sulphur. Table 8. Yield per acre of corn and cowpeas in experiment...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Introducing the Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster Aston Chipanshi1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for crop yield forecasting and risk analysis. Using the Census Agriculture Region (CAR) as the unit Climate Decision Support and Adaptation, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1011, Innovation Blvd, Saskatoon, SK S7V 1B7, Canada The Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster (CCYF) is a statistical modelling tool

Miami, University of

187

Light clusters production as a probe to nuclear symmetry energy RID A-2398-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the yields and the energy spectra of these light clusters are affected significantly by the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy, with a stiffer symmetry energy giving a larger yield....

Chen, LW; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Ba.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Resolve to Save Energy This Year | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

STAR bulbs, you could save 75 a year in energy costs. Compared to traditional incandescent bulbs, compact fluorescent bulbs can yield as much as 75 percent energy savings and...

189

Measurement of Scintillation and Ionization Yield and Scintillation Pulse Shape from Nuclear Recoils in Liquid Argon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the scintillation and ionization yield of recoiling nuclei in liquid argon as a function of applied electric field by exposing a dual-phase Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr-TPC) to a low energy pulsed narrowband neutron beam produced at the Notre Dame Institute for Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics. Liquid scintillation counters were arranged to detect and identify neutrons scattered in the TPC and to select the energy of the recoiling nuclei. We report measurements of the scintillation yields for nuclear recoils with energies from 10.3 to 57.2 keV and for applied electric fields from 0 to 1000 V/cm. For the ionization yields, we report measurements from 16.9 to 57.2 keV and for electric fields from 50 to 500 V/cm. We also report the observation of an anti-correlation between scintillation and ionization from nuclear recoils, which is similar to the anti-correlation between scintillation and ionization from electron recoils. Assuming that the energy partition in excitons and ion pairs of $^{83m}$Kr internal conversion electrons is comparable to that of $^{207}$Bi conversion electrons, we obtained the numbers of excitons ($N_{\\rm ex}$) and ion pairs ($N_{\\rm i}$) and their ratio ($N_{\\rm ex}$/$N_{\\rm i}$) produced by nuclear recoils from 16.9 to 57.2 keV. Motivated by arguments suggesting direction sensitivity in LAr-TPC signals due to columnar recombination, a comparison of the light and charge yield of recoils parallel and perpendicular to the applied electric field is presented for the first time.

H. Cao; T. Alexander; A. Aprahamian; R. Avetisyan; H. O. Back; A. G. Cocco; F. DeJongh; G. Fiorillo; C. Galbiati; L. Grandi; Y. Guardincerri; C. Kendziora; W. H. Lippincott; C. Love; S. Lyons; L. Manenti; C. J. Martoff; Y. Meng; D. Montanari; P. Mosteiro; D. Olvitt; S. Pordes; H. Qian; B. Rossi; R. Saldanha; S. Sangiorgio; K. Siegl; S. Y. Strauss; W. Tan; J. Tatarowicz; S. Walker; H. Wang; A. W. Watson; S. Westerdale; J. Yoo

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

190

Search for B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +}, X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a study of B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{gamma}K{sup +} decays, we find evidence for the radiative decay X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma} with a statistical significance of 3.4{sigma}. We measure the product of branching fractions B(B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +}){center_dot}B(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma})=(3.3{+-}1.0{+-}0.3)x10{sup -6}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. We also measure the branching fraction B(B{sup +}{yields}{chi}{sub c1}K{sup +})=(4.9{+-}0.2{+-}0.4)x10{sup -4}. These results are obtained from (287{+-}3) million BB decays collected at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B Factory at SLAC.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica Departamento ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Palano, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039 (China); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)] (and others)

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Observation of the {psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(2460) Decay Using Initial-State Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of the exclusive cross section for e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +} over the center-of-mass energy range 4.0 GeV to 5.0 GeV with initial-state radiation and the first observation of the decay {psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. From a study of the resonant substructure in {psi}(4415) decay we conclude that the {psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +} decay is dominated by {psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(2460). We obtain B({psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sub nonresonant}{sup +})/B({psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(24 = 60){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +})<0.22 at 90% C.L. The analysis is based on a data sample collected with the Belle detector with an integrated luminosity of 673 fb{sup -1}.

Pakhlova, G.; Balagura, V.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Liventsev, D.; Medvedeva, T.; Mizuk, R.; Pakhlov, P.; Tikhomirov, I.; Uglov, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Adachi, I.; Brodzicka, J.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Kibayashi, A.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Fission Yield Measurements by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass-Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Correct prediction of the fission products inventory in irradiated nuclear fuels is essential for accurate estimation of fuel burnup, establishing proper requirements for spent fuel transportation and storage, materials accountability and nuclear forensics. Such prediction is impossible without accurate knowledge of neutron induced fission yields. Unfortunately, the accuracy of the fission yields reported in the ENDF/B-VII.0 library is not uniform across all of the data and much of the improvement is desired for certain isotopes and fission products. We discuss our measurements of cumulative fission yields in nuclear fuels irradiated in thermal and fast reactor spectra using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry.

Irina Glagolenko; Bruce Hilton; Jeffrey Giglio; Daniel Cummings; Karl Grimm; Richard McKnight

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Observation of J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first observation of the decay J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma}. The signal has a statistical significance of 6{sigma} and corresponds to a branching fraction of B(J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma})=(1.2{+-}0.3{+-}0.2)x10{sup -5}, in which the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. The measurement uses {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi} events acquired with the CLEO-c detector operating at the CESR e{sup +}e{sup -} collider.

Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H.; Park, C. S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Yang, F. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Artuso, M.; Blusk, S.; Khalil, S.; Li, J.; Mountain, R.; Nisar, S.; Randrianarivony, K. [Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 (United States)] (and others)

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

Development of Yield and Tensile Strength Design Curves for Alloy 617  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Very High Temperature Reactor Program is acquiring data in preparation for developing an Alloy 617 Code Case for inclusion in the nuclear section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) Code. A draft code case was previously developed, but effort was suspended before acceptance by ASME. As part of the draft code case effort, a database was compiled of yield and tensile strength data from tests performed in air. Yield strength and tensile strength at temperature are used to set time independent allowable stress for construction materials in B&PV Code, Section III, Subsection NH. The yield and tensile strength data used for the draft code case has been augmented with additional data generated by Idaho National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the U.S. and CEA in France. The standard ASME Section II procedure for generating yield and tensile strength at temperature is presented, along with alternate methods that accommodate the change in temperature trends seen at high temperatures, resulting in a more consistent design margin over the temperature range of interest.

Nancy Lybeck; T. -L. Sham

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Reaction {pi}N {yields} {pi}{pi}N near threshold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LAMPF E1179 experiment used the {pi}{sup 0} spectrometer and an array of charged particle range counters to detect and record {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}, {pi}{sup 0}p, and {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}p coincidences following the reaction {pi}{sup +}p {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}p near threshold. The total cross sections for single pion production were measured at the incident pion kinetic energies 190, 200, 220, 240, and 260 MeV. Absolute normalizations were fixed by measuring {pi}{sup +}p elastic scattering at 260 MeV. A detailed analysis of the {pi}{sup 0} detection efficiency was performed using cosmic ray calibrations and pion single charge exchange measurements with a 30 MeV {pi}{sup {minus}} beam. All published data on {pi}N {yields} {pi}{pi}N, including our results, are simultaneously fitted to yield a common chiral symmetry breaking parameter {xi} ={minus}0.25{plus_minus}0.10. The threshold matrix element {vert_bar}{alpha}{sub 0}({pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}p){vert_bar} determined by linear extrapolation yields the value of the s-wave isospin-2 {pi}{pi} scattering length {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}({pi}{pi}) = {minus}0.041{plus_minus}0.003 m{sub {pi}}{sup {minus}1}, within the framework of soft-pion theory.

Frlez, E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Yields of neutron-rich nuclei by actinide photofission in giant dipole resonance region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photofission of actinides is studied in the region of nuclear excitation energies that covers the entire giant dipole resonance (GDR) region. A comparative analysis of the behavior of the symmetric and asymmetric modes of photon induced fission as a function of the average excitation energy of the fissioning nucleus is performed. The mass distributions of $^{238}$U photofission fragments are obtained at the endpoint bremsstrahlung energy of 29.1 MeV which corresponds to mean photon energy of 13.7$\\pm$0.3 MeV that coincides with GDR peak for $^{238}$U photofission. The integrated yield of $^{238}$U photofission as well as charge distribution of photofission products are calculated and its role in the production of neutron-rich nuclei and their exoticity is explored.

Debasis Bhowmick; Debasis Atta; D. N. Basu; Alok Chakrabarti

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Yields of neutron-rich nuclei by actinide photofission in giant dipole resonance region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photofission of actinides is studied in the region of nuclear excitation energies that covers the entire giant dipole resonance (GDR) region. A comparative analysis of the behavior of the symmetric and asymmetric modes of photon induced fission as a function of the average excitation energy of the fissioning nucleus is performed. The mass distributions of $^{238}$U photofission fragments are obtained at the endpoint bremsstrahlung energy of 29.1 MeV which corresponds to mean photon energy of 13.7$\\pm$0.3 MeV that coincides with GDR peak for $^{238}$U photofission. The integrated yield of $^{238}$U photofission as well as charge distribution of photofission products are calculated and its role in the production of neutron-rich nuclei and their exoticity is explored.

Bhowmick, Debasis; Basu, D N; Chakrabarti, Alok

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Absolute x-ray yields from laser-irradiated germanium-doped low-density aerogels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The x-ray yields from laser-irradiated germanium-doped ultra-low-density aerogel plasmas have been measured in the energy range from sub-keV to {approx_equal}15 keV at the OMEGA laser facility at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester. The targets' x-ray yields have been studied for variation in target size, aerogel density, laser pulse length, and laser intensity. For targets that result in plasmas with electron densities in the range of {approx_equal}10% of the critical density for 3{omega} light, one can expect 10-11 J/sr of x rays with energies above 9 keV, and 600-800 J/sr for energies below 3.5 keV. In addition to the x-ray spectral yields, the x-ray temporal waveforms have been measured and it is observed that the emitted x rays generally follow the delivered laser power, with late-time enhancements of emitted x-ray power correlated with hydrodynamic compression of the hot plasma. Further, the laser energy reflected from the target by plasma instabilities is found to be 2%-7% of the incident energy for individual beam intensities {approx_equal}10{sup 14}-10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}. The propagation of the laser heating in the target volume has been characterized with two-dimensional imaging. Source-region heating is seen to be correlated with the temporal profile of the emitted x-ray power.

Fournier, K. B.; Satcher, J. H.; May, M. J.; Poco, J. F.; Sorce, C. M.; Colvin, J. D.; Hansen, S. B.; MacLaren, S. A.; Moon, S. J.; Davis, J. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Girard, F.; Villette, B.; Primout, M.; Babonneau, D. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique-Direction des Application Militaires (CEA/DAM), Ile-de-France, F91297 Arpajon (France); Coverdale, C. A.; Beutler, D. E. [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Absolute X-Ray Yields From Laser-Irradiated Ge-Doped Low-Density Aerogels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used the OMEGA laser (Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester) to measure the X-ray yields from laser-irradiated germanium-doped ultra-low-density aerogel plasmas in the energy range from sub-keV to {approx} 15 keV. They have studied the targets X-ray yields with variation in target size, aerogel density, laser pulse length and laser intensity. For targets that result in plasmas with electron densities in the range of {approx} 10% of the critical density for 3{omega} light, one can expect 10-11 J/sr of X-rays with energies above 9 keV, and 600-800 J/sr for energies below 3.5 keV. In addition to the X-ray spectral yields, they have measured the X-ray temporal waveforms and found that the emitted X rays generally follow the delivered laser power, with late-time enhancements of emitted X-ray power correlated with hydrodynamic compression of the hot plasma. Also, they find the laser energy reflected from the target by plasma instabilities to be 2-7% of the incident energy for individual beam intensities {approx} 10{sup 14}-10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}. They also have characterized the propagation of the laser heating in the target volume with two-dimensional imaging. They find the source-region heating to be correlated with the temporal profile of the emitted X-ray power.

Fournier, K B; Satcher, J H; May, M J; Poco, J F; Sorce, C M; Colvin, J D; Hansen, S B; MacLaren, S A; Moon, S J; Davis, J F; Girard, F; Villette, B; Primout, M; Babonneau, D; Coverdale, C A; Beutler, D E

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

200

Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution Rat Genome Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality `draft' covering over 90% of the genome

Pachter, Lior

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Interstitial Redundancy FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis cumbersome equipment with minia- turized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

202

A Computational Study of Feeding Rules and Yield Improvement Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Computational Study of Feeding Rules and Yield Improvement Techniques Christoph Beckermann improvement techniques is presented. The computer simulations were performed using a commercial solidification chills (termed passive methods), and active heating and cooling are presented and compared. The benefits

Beckermann, Christoph

203

Dynamic and rate-dependent yielding in model cohesive suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental system has been found recently, a coagulated CaCO3 suspension, that shows very different yield behaviour depending upon how it is tested and at what rate it is strained. At P\\'eclet number Pe > 1 it behaves as a simple Herschel Bulkley liquid, whereas at Pe it shows hysteresis and shear-banding and in the usual type of sweep used to measure flow curves in controlled stress mode routinely, it shows very erratic and irreproducible behaviour. All of these features can be attributed to a dependence of yield stress on rate of strain. Stress growth curves obtained from step strain-rate testing showed that the rate-dependence of the yield stress was a consequence of rate-dependent strain-softening. At very low Pe yield was cooperative and the yield strain was order-one, whereas as the Pe approached unity, the yield strain reduced to that needed to break interparticle bonds and the yield stress decayed to a minimal value. For example, at 40%v/v it dropped from ca. 200 Pa to It is suspected that the rich behaviour seen for the CaCO3 system could well be the rule rather than the exception for cohesive suspensions, the importance or otherwise of the rate dependence being a matter of scale or degree. If so, then the Herschel-Bulkley equation could usefully be generalised to read (in simple shear). The proposition that rate-dependent yield might be general, for cohesive suspensions at least, is amenable to further rigorous experimental testing by a range of means and along lines suggested.

Richard Buscall; Peter J Scales; Anthony D Stickland; Hui-En Teo; Tiara E Kusuma; Daniel R Lester

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The {alpha}-induced thick-target {gamma}-ray yield from light elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The {alpha}-induced thick-target {gamma}-ray yield from light elements has been measured in the energy range 5.6 MeV {le} E{sub {alpha}} {le} 10 MeV. The {gamma}-ray yield for > 2.1 MeV from thick targets of beryllium, boron nitride, sodium fluoride, magnesium, aluminum and silicon were measured using the {alpha}-particle beam from the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories 88 in. cyclotron. The elemental yields from this experiment were used to construct the {alpha}-induced direct production {gamma}-ray spectrum from materials in the SNO detector, a large volume ultra-low background neutrino detector located in the Creighton mine near Sudbury, Canada. This background source was an order of magnitude lower than predicted by previous calculations. These measurements are in good agreement with theoretical calculations of this spectrum based on a statistical nuclear model of the reaction, with the gross high energy spectrum structure being reproduced to within a factor of two. Detailed comparison of experimental and theoretical excitation population distribution of several residual nuclei indicate the same level of agreement within experimental uncertainties.

Heaton, R.K. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Experiments Performed in Substantiation of the Conditioning of BN-350 Spent Cesium Traps Using Lead or Lead-Bismuth Alloy Filling Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technology of cleaning cesium radionuclides from sodium coolant at the BN-350 fast reactor was realized in the form of cesium traps of two types: stationary devices connected to the circuit that was to be cleaned and in-core devices installed into the core of reactor when it was not under operation. Carbon-graphite materials were used as sorbents to collect and concentrate radioactive cesium, accumulated in the BN-350 reactor circuits over the decades of their operation, in relatively small volume traps which provided effective radiation-safe conditions for personnel working in proximity to the coolant and equipment of the primary circuit during BN-350 decommissioning. Spent cesium traps, as products unfit for further use, represent solid radioactive wastes. The presence of chemically active sodium, potassium and cesium that are able to react violently with water results in series of problems related to their disposal in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Considering the technology of filling spent cesium traps with lead/lead-bismuth alloy as a priority one for their conditioning, evaluations for safety substantiation were implemented. A set of experiments was implemented aimed at verification of calculations performed in substantiation of the proposed technology: filling a full scale cesium trap mock-up with sodium followed by its draining to determine the optimal regimes of draining; filling bench scale cesium trap mock-ups with sodium and cesium followed by sodium draining and filling with lead or lead-bismuth alloy at different temperatures and filling rates to chose the optimal regimes for filling spent cesium traps; implementation of leachability tests to determine the rate of cesium release from the filling materials into water. This paper provides a description of the experimental program carried out and the main results obtained.

O. Romanenko; I. Tazhibaeva; I. Yakovlev; A. Ivanov; D. Wells; A. Herrick; J. Michelbacher; S. Shiganakov

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds in biological leachate treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds that microorganisms must satisfy their maintenance energy requirements prior to synthesizing new biomass, a set on the excess biomass production. Decreasing the supply of substrate per unit biomass resulted in gradual

Bae, Jin-Woo

207

8-group relative delayed neutron yields for monoenergetic neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 9 Pu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy dependence of the relative yield of delayed neutrons in an 8-group model representation was obtained for monoenergetic neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 9 Pu. A comparison of this data with the available experimental data by other was made in terms of the mean half-life of the delayed neutron precursors.

Piksaikin, V M; Kazakov, L E; Korolev, G G; Roshchenko, V A; Tertychnyj, R G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Thermonuclear yield of targets under the action of high-power short-wavelength (lambda< or =1. mu. ) lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified optimization scheme is used in a numerical calculation of the dependences of the thermonuclear yield of two-layer shell targets on the absorbed laser energy in the range 0.3--10 mJ for lasers emitting radiation of wavelengths shorter than 1 ..mu...

Basov, N.G.; Gus'kov, S.Y.; Danilova, G.V.; Demchenko, N.N.; Zmitrenko, N.V.; Karpov, V.Y.; Mishchenko, T.V.; Rozanov, V.B.; Samarskii, A.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

ARRA Program Summary: Energy Smart Jobs Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARRA Program Summary: Energy Smart Jobs Program Statewide Program (Initially targeting urban 30,000 buildings surveyed, approximately 5,000 will be retrofitted, yielding approximately $40

210

A compact proton spectrometer for measurement of the absolute DD proton spectrum from which yield and ?R are determined in thin-shell inertial-confinement-fusion implosions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compact, step range filter proton spectrometer has been developed for the measurement of the absolute DD proton spectrum, from which yield and areal density (?R) are inferred for deuterium-filled thin-shell inertial confinement fusion implosions. This spectrometer, which is based on tantalum step-range filters, is sensitive to protons in the energy range 1-9 MeV and can be used to measure proton spectra at mean energies of ?1-3 MeV. It has been developed and implemented using a linear accelerator and applied to experiments at the OMEGA laser facility and the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Modeling of the proton slowing in the filters is necessary to construct the spectrum, and the yield and energy uncertainties are <10% in yield and 120?keV, respectively. This spectrometer can be used for in situ calibration of DD-neutron yield diagnostics at the NIF.

Rosenberg, M. J., E-mail: mrosenbe@mit.edu; Zylstra, A. B.; Frenje, J. A.; Rinderknecht, H. G.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Waugh, C. J.; Sguin, F. H.; Sio, H.; Sinenian, N.; Li, C. K.; Petrasso, R. D. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Glebov, V. Yu.; Hohenberger, M.; Stoeckl, C.; Sangster, T. C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Yeamans, C. B.; LePape, S.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Bionta, R. M.; Talison, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); and others

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Stress localization, stiffening and yielding in a model colloidal gel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use numerical simulations and an athermal quasi-static shear protocol to investigate the yielding of a model colloidal gel. Under increasing deformation, the elastic regime is followed by a significant stiffening before yielding takes place. A space-resolved analysis of deformations and stresses unravel how the complex load curve observed is the result of stress localization and that the yielding can take place by breaking a very small fraction of the network connections. The stiffening corresponds to the stretching of the network chains, unbent and aligned along the direction of maximum extension. It is characterized by a strong localization of tensile stresses, that triggers the breaking of a few network nodes at around 30% of strain. Increasing deformation favors further breaking but also shear-induced bonding, eventually leading to a large-scale reorganization of the gel structure at the yielding. At low enough shear rates, density and velocity profiles display significant spatial inhomogeneity during yielding in agreement with experimental observations.

Jader Colombo; Emanuela Del Gado

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

212

Corporate Energy Management: A Survey of Large Manufacturing Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporate practices regarding energy management vary substantially from one company to another. Some companies pay close attention to energy use throughout the corporation while others pay scant attention. This paper first describes what we call...

Norland, D. L.; Lind, L.

213

Sputtering yield of Pu bombarded by fission Fragments from Cf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results on the yield of sputtering of Pu atoms from a Pu foil, bombarded by fission fragments from a {sup 252}Cf source in transmission geometry. We have found the number of Pu atoms/incoming fission fragments ejected to be 63 {+-} 1. In addition, we show measurements of the sputtering yield as a function of distance from the central axis, which can be understood as an angular distribution of the yield. The results are quite surprising in light of the fact that the Pu foil is several times the thickness of the range of fission fragment particles in Pu. This indicates that models like the binary collision model are not sufficient to explain this behavior.

Danagoulian, Areg [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klein, Andreas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcneil, Wendy V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yuan, Vincent W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy laboratory data and model directory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the past several years M.I.T. faculty, staff, and students have produced a substantial body of research and analysis relating to the production, conversion, and use of energy in domestic and international markets. ...

Lahiri, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Bushland Management For Water Yield: Prospects for Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 no.1569 LIBRARY :JUNo 91987 I 1 Texas A&M University Brushland Management for Water Yield: Prospects for Texas THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P. Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System.../College Station, Texas B-1569 May 1987 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] BRUSHLAND MANAGEMENT FOR WATER YIELD: PROSPECTS FOR TEXAS Bruce A. McCarl Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald C. Griffin Associate Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald A...

McCarl, Bruce A.; Griffin, Ronald C.; Kaiser, Ronald A.; Freeman, Lansingh S.; Blackburn, Wilbert H.; Jordan, Wayne R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Effect of methionine consumption on egg component yield and composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production Weight (%) . 30 . 33 . 37 . 40 (g/HD') 107' 106cb 105ab 104" (mg/HD) 328' 354' 392' 423' (%) 77. 5' 77. 7' 78 7' 78. 3' (g) 63. 3" 63. 0' 63. 0' 63, 1' x ~ SEIvf 106 b 19 374 + 77 78. 1 + 7. 7 63. 1 ~ 4. 6 '"~Means within... are identified by these mg/HD intake levels. Yield of albumen and yolk were not significantly different among treatments on either a mass or percentage basis (Table 4). Shell component yield was not significantly different among treatments. Significant...

Shafer, Daniel John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Oklahoma, industry consumes about 35% of the total energy consumed. While it is true that much work has been done in the larger companies, most small to medium sized companies have yet to undertake a substantial energy management program. Often...

Turner, W. C.; Estes, C. B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Can minimum-bias distributions on transverse energy test hadron production models?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent study reports measurements of transverse-energy $E_t$ distributions at mid-rapidity for several high-energy nuclear collision systems. The $E_t$ data are analyzed in the context of constituent-quark (CQ) participants estimated with a Glauber-model simulation. The study concludes that systematic variations of hadron and $E_t$ yields previously interpreted in terms of a two-component soft+hard model (TCM) of hadron production including a dijet (hard) contribution are actually the result of CQ participant trends with only soft production. It is claimed that deviations from linear scaling with the number of nucleon participants of hadron yields vs A-A centrality do not actually arise from dijet production as previously assumed. In the present study we examine the new $E_t$ data in the context of the TCM and compare those results with previous differential spectrum and minimum-bias correlation analysis. We present substantial evidence supporting a significant dijet contribution to all high-energy nuclear collisions consistent with the TCM and conclude that the $E_t$ data, given their systematic uncertainties, fail to support claimed CQ model interpretations.

Thomas A. Trainor

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

219

Determination of Baselines for Evaluation and Promotion of Energy Efficiency in Wastewater Treatment Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wastewater treatment plants are one of the largest energy consumers managed by the public sector. As plants expand in the future to accommodate population growth, energy requirements will substantially increase. Thus, implementation of energy...

Chow, S. A.; Ganji, A. R.; Fok, S.

220

Search for CP-violating charge asymmetry in B{sup {+-}}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the result of a search for charge asymmetry in B{sup {+-}}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} decays using 772x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance by the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The CP-violating charge asymmetry is measured to be A{sub CP}(B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup +})=[-0.76{+-}0.50 (stat){+-}0.22 (syst)]%.

Sakai, K.; Kawasaki, T.; Miyata, H.; Watanabe, M. [Niigata University, Niigata (Japan); Aihara, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Arinstein, K.; Bondar, A.; Eidelman, S.; Kuzmin, A.; Shwartz, B.; Zyukova, O. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Aushev, T. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland); Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bakich, A. M.; McOnie, S.; Varvell, K. E. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Balagura, V.; Liventsev, D.; Pakhlova, G.; Solovieva, E.; Uglov, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Western Energy Corridor -- Energy Resource Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world is facing significant growth in energy demand over the next several decades. Strategic in meeting this demand are the world-class energy resources concentrated along the Rocky Mountains and northern plains in Canada and the U.S., informally referred to as the Western Energy Corridor (WEC). The fossil energy resources in this region are rivaled only in a very few places in the world, and the proven uranium reserves are among the world's largest. Also concentrated in this region are renewable resources contributing to wind power, hydro power, bioenergy, geothermal energy, and solar energy. Substantial existing and planned energy infrastructure, including refineries, pipelines, electrical transmission lines, and rail lines provide access to these resources.

Leslie Roberts; Michael Hagood

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

EECBG Success Story: Big Savings for Texas City with Energy Monitoring...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Act, the city of Richardson, Texas is creating a baseline: collecting data and monitoring energy usage before investing in more substantial projects. Learn more. Addthis Related...

223

Fueling and Feeding America Through Renewable Resources The Wind Energy Ordinance Process for Local Government  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of wind energy has become a viable and substantial strategy for expanding renewable electricity production in the Midwest, and more so recently throughout Indiana. The

Chad Martin; Klein Ileleji; Jimmy Bricker

224

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources The Wind Energy Ordinance Process for Local Government  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of wind energy has become a viable and substantial strategy for expanding renewable electricity production in the Midwest, and more so recently throughout Indiana. The

Chad Martin; Klein Ileleji; Jimmy Bricker

225

Measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon at 80 and 233 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy calibration of nuclear recoil detectors is of primary importance to rare-event experiments such as those of direct dark matter search and coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering. In particular, such a calibration is performed by measuring the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid Ar and Xe detection media, using neutron elastic scattering off nuclei. In the present work, the ionization yield for nuclear recoils in liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the higher energy range, at 80 and 233 keV, using a two-phase Cryogenic Avalanche Detector (CRAD) and DD neutron generator. The ionization yield in liquid Ar at an electric field of 2.3 kV/cm amounted to 7.8+/-1.1 and 9.7+/-1.3 e-/keV at 80 and 233 keV respectively. The Jaffe model for nuclear recoil-induced ionization, in contrast to that Thomas-Imel, can probably consistently describe the energy dependence of the ionization yield.

A. Bondar; A. Buzulutskov; A. Dolgov; E. Grishnyaev; S. Polosatkin; L. Shekhtman; E. Shemyakina; A. Sokolov

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

226

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation which comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a gas hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound .pi.--.pi. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, John A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation. The method comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound ..pi..-..pi.. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, J.A.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September DepartmentRioRisk2Road Blocks Yield

229

RESEARCH ARTICLE Impact of water stress on citrus yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 2011 # INRA and Springer-Verlag, France 2011 Abstract Water shortage is becoming a severe problemRESEARCH ARTICLE Impact of water stress on citrus yield Ivn Garca-Tejero & Victor Hugo Durn in arid and semi-arid regions worldwide, reducing the avail- ability of agricultural land and water

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

230

2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield proteins during host6 probably influences the genetic and functional diversity of both. For example, photosynthesis genes period. We also show that the expression of host photosynthesis genes declines over the course

Church, George M.

231

A new yield function for geomaterials. Davide Bigoni , Andrea Piccolroaz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and frictional materials, including soils, rocks, concrete, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers. The yield func- tion represents a single, convex and smooth surface of quasibrittle and frictional materials (a collective denom- ination for soil, concrete, rock, granular media

Bigoni, Davide

232

Femoral neck fracture prediction by anisotropic yield criteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Femoral neck fracture prediction by anisotropic yield criteria M. Tellache a , b , M. Pithioux and increases its porosity. Hip fractures are the more recurrent consequences of osteoporosis, and are the cause of morbidity and increase the rate of mortality. The fracture risk due to osteoporosis, is undertaken with Dual

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Shear-induced sedimentation in yield stress fluids Guillaume Ovarlez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if a given material will remain ho- mogeneous during a flow. Using MRI techniques, we study the time the local shear rate in the interstitial fluid. Keywords: Sedimentation; Yield stress fluid; Suspension; MRI some lift or dispersion forces to the particles. This principle is typically used in fluidization

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

234

The Impacts and Benefits Yielded from the Sport of Quidditch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grounded theory approach and examined the impact and benefits for volunteers who chose to work for the IQA. Findings suggested the unique atmosphere of quidditch was able to produce an environment that yielded positive impact on the volunteers. It was found...

Cohen, Adam

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

Do yield and quality of big bluestem and switchgrass feedstock decline over winter?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and big bluestem (Andropogon gerdardii Vitman) are potential perennial bioenergy feedstocks. Feedstock storage limitations, labor constraints for harvest, and environmental benefits provided by perennials are rationales for developing localized perennial feedstock as an alternative or in conjunction with annual feedstocks (i.e., crop residues). Little information is available on yield, mineral, and thermochemical properties of native species as related to harvest time. The studys objectives were to compare the feedstock quantity and quality between grasses harvested in the fall or the following spring. It was hypothesized that biomass yield may decline, but translocation and/or leaching of minerals from the feedstock would improve feedstock quality. Feedstock yield did not differ by crop, harvest time, or their interactions. Both grasses averaged 6.0 Mg ha-1 (fall) and 5.4 Mg ha-1 (spring) with similar high heating value (17.7 MJ kg-1). The K/(Ca + Mg) ratio, used as a quality indicator declined to below a 0.5 threshold, but energy yield (Megajoule per kilogram) decreased 13% by delaying harvest until spring. Only once during the four study-years were conditions ideal for early spring harvest, in contrast during another spring, very muddy conditions resulted in excessive soil contamination. Early spring harvest may be hampered by late snow, lodging, and muddy conditions that may delay or prevent harvest, and result in soil contamination of the feedstock. However, reducing slagging/fouling potential and the mass of mineral nutrients removed from the field without a dramatic loss in biomass or caloric content are reasons to delay harvest until spring.

Jane M.F. Johnson; Garold L. Gresham

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Energy-and Area-Efficient Architectures through Application Clustering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications is a promising approach to yield highly energy-efficient designs for embedded systems. This work

Brooks, David

237

Observation of B{sup {+-}}{yields}{psi}(2S){pi}{sup {+-}} and search for direct CP violation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first observation of B{sup {+-}}{yields}{psi}(2S){pi}{sup {+-}}, a Cabibbo- and color-suppressed decay. This analysis is based on 657x10{sup 6} BB events collected at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB energy-asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The measured branching fraction is (2.44{+-}0.22{+-}0.20)x10{sup -5} and the charge asymmetry is A=0.022{+-}0.085{+-}0.016. The ratio of the branching fractions B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}{psi}(2S){pi}{sup {+-}})/B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}{psi}(2S)K{sup {+-}})=(3.99{+-}0.36{+-}0.17)% is also determined.

Bhardwaj, V.; Kumar, R.; Singh, J. B. [Panjab University, Chandigarh (India); Adachi, I.; Brodzicka, J.; Dalseno, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Schuemann, J.; Tanaka, M.; Trabelsi, K.; Uehara, S. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Evidence for CP Violation in B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup 0} Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of the branching fraction and time-dependent CP asymmetries in B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup 0} decays based on 466x10{sup 6} {upsilon}(4S){yields}BB events collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory. We measure the CP asymmetry parameters S=-1.23{+-}0.21(stat){+-}0.04(syst) and C=-0.20{+-}0.19(stat){+-}0.03(syst), where the measured value of (S, C) is 4.0 standard deviations from (0, 0) including systematic uncertainties. The branching fraction is determined to be B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup 0})=[1.69{+-}0.14(stat){+-}0.07(syst)]x10{sup -5}.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Tico, J. Garra; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

239

Correlation of grain sorghum yield to nitrogen as measured by various soil test methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen vs. Percent Relative Yield. . . 23 B. Humic Acid vs. Percent Relative Yield 26 C. Organic Matter vs. Percent Relative Yield D. Organic Matter vs. Nitrifiable Nitrogen E. Organic Matter vs. Hurnic Acid . 30 V. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION VI... Regression of Percent Relative Yield Nitrogen (High Plains Soil) . on Nitrifiable 34 Regression of Percent Relative Yield on Nitrifiable Nitrogen (Blackland Prairie Soils) Regression of Percent Relative Yield on Humic Acid (All Soils) Regression...

Idris, Md

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

DuPont Approach to Energy Management: A System Wide Approach to Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Lighting Energy Web Site on Intranet Process Control - Mfg. "Energy News" Newsletter Process Control ? power DuPont Annual Energy Report Chemical process yield DuPont Annual Environmental Report Boiler efficiency DuPont Energy Strategy Cooling... towers DuPont Energy Utilization Policy Compressed Air Powerhouse Benchmar1Site Energy Surveys...

Stewart, J. W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

First measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid phase argon has long been used as a target medium for particle detection via scintillation light. Recently there has been considerable interest in direct detection of both hypothetical darkmatter particles and coherent elastic neutrino nucleus scattering. These as-yet unobserved neutral particle interactions are expected to result in a recoiling argon atom O(keV), generally referred to in the literature as a nuclear recoil. This prompts the question of the available electromagnetic signal in a liquid argon detector. In this Letter we report the first measurement of the ionization yield (Qy), detected electrons per unit energy, resulting from nuclear recoils in liquid argon, measured at 6.7 keV. This is also the lowest energy measurement of nuclear recoils in liquid argon.

Joshi, T. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sangiorgio, Samuele [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bernstein, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Foxe, Michael P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering; Hagmann, Chris [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Jovanovic, Igor [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering; Kazkaz, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Mozin, Vladimir V. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Norman, E. B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pereverzev, S. V. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Rebassoo, Finn O. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sorensen, Peter F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Dalitz analysis of B{yields}K{pi}{sup +}{psi}{sup '} decays and the Z(4430){sup +}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From a Dalitz plot analysis of B{yields}K{pi}{sup +}{psi}{sup '} decays, we find a signal for Z(4430){sup +}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{psi}{sup '} with a mass M=(4443{sub -12-13}{sup +15+19}) MeV/c{sup 2}, width {gamma}=(107{sub -43-56}{sup +86+74}) MeV, product branching fraction B(B{sup 0}{yields}K{sup -}Z(4430){sup +})xB(Z(4430){sup +}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{psi}{sup '})=(3.2{sub -0.9-1.6}{sup +1.8+5.3})x10{sup -5}, and significance of 6.4{sigma} that agrees with previous Belle measurements based on the same data sample. In addition, we determine the branching fraction B(B{sup 0}{yields}K*(892){sup 0}{psi}{sup '})=(5.52{sub -0.32-0.58}{sup +0.35+0.53})x10{sup -4} and the fraction of K*(892){sup 0} mesons that are longitudinally polarized f{sub L}=(44.8{sub -2.7-5.3}{sup +4.0+4.0})%. These results are obtained from a 605 fb{sup -1} data sample that contains 657x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected near the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider.

Mizuk, R.; Balagura, V.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Liventsev, D.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Tikhomirov, I.; Uglov, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Adachi, I.; Dalseno, J.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Sakai, Y.; Trabelsi, K. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

2{sub 1}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +} transition strengths in Sn nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lifetime of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state at 1256.7 keV in {sup 112}Sn has been determined using the (n,n{sup '}{gamma}) reaction. Angular distribution measurements were carried out at a neutron energy of 1.7 MeV, above the 2{sub 1}{sup +} energy threshold and below that of the second excited level. Through the Doppler-shift attenuation method, the lifetime of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state is determined as 750{sub -90}{sup +125} fs, which gives a B(E2;2{sub 1}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +}) value of 10.9{sub -1.6}{sup +1.5} W.u. This E2 strength in {sup 112}Sn also allows a redetermination of the B(E2;2{sub 1}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +}) in {sup 108}Sn as 10.8(3.0) W.u. These values result in a symmetric trend around the neutron midshell in the systematics of E2 strengths in the even-mass tin isotopes and do not support N=64 or N=66 subshell gaps. The symmetric trend is in agreement with recent shell model predictions, where proton-core excitations were allowed in the calculations.

Orce, J. N.; Choudry, S. N.; Crider, B.; Elhami, E.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Scheck, M.; McEllistrem, M. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Yates, S. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Comparison of Fission Product Yields and Their Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This memorandum describes the Naval Reactors Prime Contractor Team (NRPCT) Space Nuclear Power Program (SNPP) interest in determining the expected fission product yields from a Prometheus-type reactor and assessing the impact of these species on materials found in the fuel element and balance of plant. Theoretical yield calculations using ORIGEN-S and RACER computer models are included in graphical and tabular form in Attachment, with focus on the desired fast neutron spectrum data. The known fission product interaction concerns are the corrosive attack of iron- and nickel-based alloys by volatile fission products, such as cesium, tellurium, and iodine, and the radiological transmutation of krypton-85 in the coolant to rubidium-85, a potentially corrosive agent to the coolant system metal piping.

S. Harrison

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Yield Strength as a Function of Dislocation Density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this Elastic load-unload curve for Iron sample is plotted and curve-fitted to Hertzian model P=4/3E*R1, and is depth. This radius value is then used with the elastic load-unload curve of brass to solve for its and calculated yield stress are plotted and a curve fit is applied using the Hall-Petch equation to give

Collins, Gary S.

246

Direct measurement of yield stress of discrete materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel computational method for direct measurement of yield stress of discrete materials. The method is well-suited for the measurement of jamming phase diagram of a wide range of discrete particle systems such as granular materials, foams, and colloids. We further successfully apply the method to evaluate the jamming phase diagram of wet granular material in order to demonstrates the applicability of the model.

S. H. Ebrahimnazhad Rahbari; J. Vollmer; S. Herminghaus; M. Brinkmann

2012-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

247

A critical evaluation of factors affecting reservoir yield estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statement of Problem Estimation of reservoir yield is fundamental to water resources planning and management. Effective management of the surface water resource of a river basin requires an understanding of the amount of water which can be provided... and approaches used in handling various complicating factors. Water supply planning and management involves complex institutional, legal, hydrologic, and physical systems. Streamflow, reservoir sedimentation, evaporation, water demands, and other variables...

Bergman, Carla Elaine

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Lithium: Measurement of Young's Modulus and Yield Strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lithium Collection Lens is used for anti-proton collection. In analyzing the structural behavior during operation, various material properties of lithium are often needed. properties such as density, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, specific heat, compressability, etc.; are well known. However, to the authors knowledge there is only one published source for Young's Modulus. This paper reviews the results from the testing of Young's Modulus and the yield strength of lithium at room temperature.

Ryan P Schultz

2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Oxidation of heterocyclic nitrogen yields to nitroheterocycles. [Nitrofurazans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the process of finding new routes to synthesize nitrofurazans the investigators compared the oxidation of a sulfilimide and a phosphine imine derived from 3-amino-4-(chlorophenyl)furazan (1). The sulfilimine, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-dimethyl-sulfiliminofurazan (2), was prepared by treating 1 with dimethyl sulfide ditriflate. Oxidation of 1 with peroxytrifluoroacetic acid (ptfa) in dichloromethane gave a mixture that was chromatographed to give 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4- nitro-furazan (5) in 11% yield and azoxy(4-chlorophenylfurazan) (6) in 32% yield. Under the same conditions, 2 gave a 96% yield of 5 with no trace of 6. Oxidation of diaminofurazan (7) with ptfa gives 3-amino-4-nitrofurazan (8), which was converted to the sulfilimine. Treatment of the sulfilimine with anhydrous ptfa in dichloromethane gave a solution that contained dimethyl sulfone according to /sup 13/C-NMR analysis, but no nitrocarbon could be detected. However, the /sup 14/N-NMR spectrum contained a very sharp singlet with a width at half-height of 19 Hz and a chemical shift almost identical to that of 5. Thus, it appears that we may have formed dinitrofurazan in solution, but we have not been able to isolate it in pure form as yet. 10 refs., 4 figs.

Coburn, M.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Evidence for X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma} in B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}} Decays and a Study of B{yields}cc{gamma}K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a search for B{yields}cc{gamma}K decays with the BABAR detector, where cc includes J/{psi} and {psi}(2S), and K includes K{sup {+-}}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, and K*(892), we find evidence for X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma} and X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma} with 3.6{sigma} and 3.5{sigma} significance, respectively. We measure the product of branching fractions B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma})=[2.8{+-}0.8(stat){+-}0.1(syst)]x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}})xB(X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma})=[9.5{+-}2.7(stat){+-}0.6(syst)]x10{sup -6}.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Tico, J. Garra; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Dipartmento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Cahn, R. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

251

Thermodynamics of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamic properties of dark energy are discussed assuming that dark energy is described in terms of a selfinteracting complex scalar. We first show that, under certain assumptions, selfinteracting complex scalar field theories are equivalent to purely kinetic k-essence models. Then we analyze the themal properties of k-essence and in particular we show that dark-energy in the phantom regime does not necessarily yield negative entropy.

Neven Bilic

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

252

New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2Energy SecondWellsWinsRulesStudyDepartment of

253

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on EnergyEnergy Secretary ChuAsWhat typesOfficeDepartment

254

Observation of Y(3940){yields}J/{psi}{omega} in B{yields}J/{psi}{omega}K at BABAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the decays B{sup 0,+}{yields}J/{psi}{omega}K{sup 0,+} using 383x10{sup 6} BB events obtained with the BABAR detector at PEP-II. We observe Y(3940){yields}J/{psi}{omega}, with mass 3914.6{sub -3.4}{sup +3.8}(stat){+-}2.0(syst) MeV/c{sup 2}, and width 34{sub -8}{sup +12}(stat){+-}5(syst) MeV. The ratio of B{sup 0} and B{sup +} decay to YK is 0.27{sub -0.23}{sup +0.28}(stat){sub -0.01}{sup +0.04}(syst), and the relevant B{sup 0} and B{sup +} branching fractions are reported.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

255

Technical support documentation for the Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES) data base in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on those areas where substantial improvements have been made in simulation techniques or analysis of results concerning the Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES).

NONE

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Energy Technologies Division June 8, 2012 Thisand on high-efficiency technology options that are availableknown for their high- end technology, generate substantial

McNeil, Michael A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Measurement of the Fractional Thermonuclear Neutron Yield during Deuterium Neutral-Beam Injection into Deuterium Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of the Fractional Thermonuclear Neutron Yield during Deuterium Neutral-Beam Injection into Deuterium Plasmas

258

Research Leads to Improved Fuel Yields from Smaller Antenna Algae |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartmentEnergyHydrokinetic EnergyIssuesPower Generation

259

2D monolayers could yield thinnest solar cells ever  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and less costly to produce, suffer from lower energy conversion efficiencies as well as degradation over time due to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light and moisture. Now, using...

260

Modern yields per stellar generation: the effect of the IMF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaseous and stellar metallicities in galaxies are nowadays routinely used to constrain the evolutionary processes in galaxies. This requires the knowledge of the average yield per stellar generation, $y_{\\text{Z}}$, i.e. the quantity of metals that a stellar population releases into the interstellar medium (ISM), which is generally assumed to be a fixed fiducial value. Deviations of the observed metallicity from the expected value of $y_{\\text{Z}}$ are used to quantify the effect of outflows or inflows of gas, or even as evidence for biased metallicity calibrations or inaccurate metallicity diagnostics. Here we show that $\\rm y_{\\text{Z}}$ depends significantly on the Initial Mass Function (IMF), varying by up to a factor larger than three, for the range of IMFs typically adopted in various studies. This, along with the variation of the gas mass fraction restored into the ISM by supernovae ($R$, which also depends on the IMF), may yield to deceiving results, if not properly taken into account. In particular, ...

Vincenzo, Fiorenzo; Belfiore, Francesco; Maiolino, Roberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Uncertainty in Simulating Wheat Yields Under Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anticipating the impacts of climate change on crop yields is critical for assessing future food security. Process-based crop simulation models are the most commonly used tools in such assessments1,2. Analysis of uncertainties in future greenhouse gas emissions and their impacts on future climate change has been increasingly described in the literature3,4 while assessments of the uncertainty in crop responses to climate change are very rare. Systematic and objective comparisons across impact studies is difficult, and thus has not been fully realized5. Here we present the largest coordinated and standardized crop model intercomparison for climate change impacts on wheat production to date. We found that several individual crop models are able to reproduce measured grain yields under current diverse environments, particularly if sufficient details are provided to execute them. However, simulated climate change impacts can vary across models due to differences in model structures and algorithms. The crop-model component of uncertainty in climate change impact assessments was considerably larger than the climate-model component from Global Climate Models (GCMs). Model responses to high temperatures and temperature-by-CO2 interactions are identified as major sources of simulated impact uncertainties. Significant reductions in impact uncertainties through model improvements in these areas and improved quantification of uncertainty through multi-model ensembles are urgently needed for a more reliable translation of climate change scenarios into agricultural impacts in order to develop adaptation strategies and aid policymaking.

Asseng, S.; Ewert, F.; Rosenzweig, C.; Jones, J.W.; Hatfield, Jerry; Ruane, Alex; Boote, K. J.; Thorburn, Peter; Rotter, R.P.; Cammarano, D.; Brisson, N.; Basso, B.; Martre, P.; Aggarwal, P.K.; Angulo, C.; Bertuzzi, P.; Biernath, C.; Challinor, AJ; Doltra, J.; Gayler, S.; Goldberg, R.; Grant, Robert; Heng, L.; Hooker, J.; Hunt, L.A.; Ingwersen, J.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Kersebaum, K.C.; Mueller, C.; Naresh Kumar, S.; Nendel, C.; O'Leary, G.O.; Olesen, JE; Osborne, T.; Palosuo, T.; Priesack, E.; Ripoche, D.; Semenov, M.A.; Shcherbak, I.; Steduto, P.; Stockle, Claudio O.; Stratonovitch, P.; Streck, T.; Supit, I.; Tao, F.; Travasso, M.; Waha, K.; Wallach, D.; White, J.W.; Williams, J.R.; Wolf, J.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANAGING THE TRANSITION STATE FOR ENERGY STRATEGIC PLANNING a Thomas A. Koehler Eastman Kodak Company Rochester, New York ABSTRACT Corporate energy conservation programs have made substantial gains in reducing energy consumption during... the last decade. The responses to survive the mid-1970's global energy uncertainties were made in a crisis environment. Now, there is a transition from energy conservation to energy strategic planning. Energy engineers and managers need to im prove...

Koehler, T. A.

263

Kieffer Paper Mill's Recycled Fiber Mill and PSI Energy's High Efficiency Motors Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency would yield significant energy savings. PSI Energy was able to help Kieffer examine the economics of high efficiency motors, and through the PSI Energy High Efficiency Motors Plan encouraged Kieffer Paper Mills to purchase energy efficient motors...

Myers, J. A.

264

Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The results yielded important new insights into a material of high interest for electrochemical energy storage. Lithium iron phosphate is widely studied for its use as a...

265

Results of the LSND search for {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {ovr {nu}}{sub e} oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}}{yields}{ovr {nu}}{sub e} oscillations has been conducted at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility by using {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}} from {mu}{sup +} decay at rest. The {ovr {nu}}{sub e} are detected via the reaction {ovr {nu}}{sub e}p {yields} e{sup +} n , correlated with a {gamma} from np {yields} d{gamma} (2.2 MeV). The use of tight cuts to identify e{sup +} events with correlated {gamma} rays yields 22 events with e{sup +} energy between 36 and 60 MeV and only 4.6 {plus_minus} 0.6 background events. The probability that this observation can be explained by statistical fluctuation is less than 10{sup -7}. Assuming these events are due to oscillations, a likelihood fit to all the e{sup +} events between 20 and 60 MeV has been performed to extract the oscillation parameters sin{sup 2} 2{theta} and {Delta}m{sup 2}. The favored region resulting from this fit is shown.

Federspiel, F.J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Energy Efficiency in Wireless Networks - Impact of Adaptive Radio Unit Activation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Energy consumption in mobile networks, e.g. 3G networks, may be a substantial part of an operator's expenses. A large part of the total energy of (more)

Hedayati, Mozhgan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Practical Energy Savings and New Process Control Options for Parts Washing and Cleaning Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substantial potential energy savings exist for many parts washing and cleaning processes in use today. Energy usage is frequently the largest single variable cost involved in parts washing and cleaning operations. Several control parameters...

McGinness, M.

268

The influence of net-quarks on the yields and rapidity spectra of identified hadrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within a quark combination model, we study systematically the yields and rapidity spectra of various hadrons in central Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 200$ GeV. We find that considering the difference in rapidity between net-quarks and newborn quarks, the data of multiplicities, rapidity distributions for $\\pi^{\\pm}$, $K^{\\pm}$, $p(\\bar{p})$ and, in particular the ratios of charged antihadron to hadron as a function of rapidity, can be well described. The effect of net-quarks on various hadrons is analysed, and the rapidity distributions for $K^{0}_{s}$, $\\Lambda(\\bar{\\Lambda})$, $\\Sigma^{+}(\\bar{\\Sigma}^{_-})$, $\\mathrm{\\Xi^{-}}$ ($\\mathrm{\\bar{\\Xi}^{_+}}$) and $\\mathrm{\\Omega^{-}}(\\mathrm{\\bar{\\Omega}}^{_+})$ are predicted. We discuss the rapidity distribution of net-baryon, and find that it reflects exactly the energy loss of colliding nuclei.

Jun Song; Feng-lan Shao; Qu-bing Xie; Yun-fei Wang; De-ming Wei

2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

Surface structures for enhancement of quantum yield in broad spectrum emission nanocrystals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are inorganic nanoparticles comprising a body comprising cadmium and/or zinc crystallized with selenium, sulfur, and/or tellurium; a multiplicity of phosphonic acid ligands comprising at least about 20% of the total surface ligand coverage; wherein the nanocrystal is capable of absorbing energy from a first electromagnetic region and capable of emitting light in a second electromagnetic region, wherein the maximum absorbance wavelength of the first electromagnetic region is different from the maximum emission wavelength of the second electromagnetic region, thereby providing a Stokes shift of at least about 20 nm, wherein the second electromagnetic region comprises an at least about 100 nm wide band of wavelengths, and wherein the nanoparticle exhibits has a quantum yield of at least about 10%. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.

Schreuder, Michael A.; McBride, James R.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

270

Smart Meter Investments Yield Positive Results in Maine | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of Energy U.S. DepartmentCommitmentGovernmentSmart Cities - 1 SmartSmart

271

DOE Investment Yields R&D 100 Award Winner in Energy-Efficient Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RTI International's nanofiber lighting improvement technology (NLITe) has been honored with a 2011 R&D 100 Award. Established in 1963 by the editors of R&D Magazine, the annual R&D 100 Awards identify the 100 most significant, newly introduced research and development advances of the past year in multiple disciplines.

272

Investigation of a Novel Solar Assisted Water Heating System with Enhanced Energy Yield for Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presented the concept, prototype application, operational performance and benefits relating to a novel solar assisted water heating system for building services. It was undertaken through dedicated theoretical analysis, computer...

Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.; Xu, J.; Yu, X.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Geothermal Lease Sale in Nevada Yields Record Bids | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorge Waldmann George Waldmann Phone 202-586-9904Geothermal(FactHeating

274

Integrated Energy Systems Multi-Media Webcast: Three CHP Sites Yield  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S.IndianaofPilot Project | Department of

275

High yield fusion in a staged Z-pinch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and N. Rostoker. Thermonuclear fusion by a z-? pinch. Inof 3.0 10 19 and a thermonuclear energy of 84 MJ, that is,that the neutrons are thermonuclear [20]. The configuration

RAHMAN, H. U; WESSEL, F. J; ROSTOKER, N.; NEY, P. H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Critical Review Microbial Electrolysis Cells for High Yield Hydrogen Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources such as wind, solar or biomass, but the energy requirements are high (5.6 kWh/ m3H2) and typical A S S E , , § A N D R E N ´E A . R O Z E N D A L | Hydrogen Energy Center, and Department of Civil, The Netherlands, and Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC), The University of Queensland, Qld 4072, Australia

277

Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interprovincial migration flows involve substantial relocation of people and productive activity, with implications for regional energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. In China, these flows are not explicitly considered ...

Luo, Xiaohu

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

278

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

leaking air substantially. "We already had a lot of green upgrades in place that kept our energy costs low, but we just wanted to get as close to a zero carbon footprint as we...

279

Observation of B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p and searches for B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p and searches for B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp decays, using a sample of 275x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected with the Belle detector at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance. We observe a signal of 17.2{+-}4.1 events with a significance of 11.1{sigma} and obtain a branching fraction of B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p)=11.6{+-}2.8(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +1.8}(sys)x10{sup -6}. No signal is found for either of the two decay modes, B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp, and upper limits for the branching fractions are determined to be B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p)<1.1x10{sup -5} and B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp)<8.3x10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

Xie, Q.L.; Dong, L.Y.; Yuan, Y.; Zang, S.L.; Zhang, C.C. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Abe, K.; Adachi, I.; Gershon, T.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Takasaki, F. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] [and others

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy Wallace E. Tyner (wtyner@purdue.edu), Thomas W. Hertel, Farzad Taheripour*, and Dileep K. Birur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy much insight into how alternative bioenergy production scenarios could change global agricultural markets and land-use, with repercussions for international trade. As the World Bank reports, nearly 70

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Columbia's role in Upper Manhattan is a signi cant one. e University has a substantial physical presence, of course, as well as its role in teaching, research, innovation, and health care on a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Columbia's role in Upper Manhattan is a signi cant one. e University has a substantial physical, Executive Director University Donor Relations Office of Alumni and Development Columbia University dpb21 -- and global -- level. Columbia also provides thousands of jobs and generates millions of dollars for area

Lazar, Aurel A.

282

Search for the C-parity violating process J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} via {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using 14.0x10{sup 6}{psi}(2S) events collected with the BES-II detector, the C-parity violating process J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} via {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi} is studied. We determine a new upper limit for the J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} branching ratio of B(J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma})<2.2x10{sup -5} at the 90% C.L., which is about 20 times lower than the previous measurement.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

2013 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

06/19/13 ENTRICAN MONTCALM 16 SQ. LATTICE 3 ROD PULLED 3218 STANDARD CRANBERRY YIELD TRIAL 06/19/13 ENTRICAN MONTCALM 25 SQ. LATTICE 4 ROD PULLED 3219 PRELIMINARY CRANBERRY YIELD TRIAL 06/19/13 ENTRICAN

284

Dramatically Improved Yields in Molecular Scale Electronic Devices Using Ultra-smooth Platinum Electrodes Prepared By  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dramatically Improved Yields in Molecular Scale Electronic Devices Using Ultra-smooth Platinum scale electronic devices by using ultra- smooth platinum (Pt) electrodes made with chemical mechanically Terms -- Molecular electronics, CMP, SAM, Langmuir-Blodgett, Device yields. I. INTRODUCTION Molecular

Islam, M. Saif

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalous sputter yields Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to reduce the multipactor is to decrease the secondary emission yield... of the ceramic window. Due to its low Secondary electron Emission Yield (SEY), TiN thin film is ......

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - artifacts yield starch Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-006-9022-5 A Statistical Analysis of the Theoretical Yield of Ethanol from Corn Starch Tad W. Patzek1,2 Received 14 March... possible) yield of ethanol from this starch. My...

287

Experimental and theoretical study of the residual product nuclide yields in thin targets irradiated with 100-2600 MeV protons.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work is aimed at measurements and computer simulations of independent and cumulative yields of residual product nuclei in thin targets relevant as target materials and structure materials for hybrid accelerator-driven systems coupled to high-energy proton accelerators.

Titarenko, Y. E. (Yury E.); Batyaev, V. F. (Vyacheslav F.); Karpikhin, E. I. (Evgeny I.); Zhivun, V. M. (Valery M.); Koldobsky, A. B. (Aleksander B.); Mulambetov, R. D. (Ruslan D.); Fischenko, D. V. (Dmitry V.); Kvasova, S. V. (Svetlana V.); Mashnik, S. G. (Stepan G.); Prael, R. E. (Richard E.); Sierk, A. J. (Arnold J.); Yasuda, Hideshi; Sait?, Masako,

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Pyrolysis of polyolefins for increasing the yield of monomers' recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of mixed polyolefins in fluidized bed has been studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We tested applicability of a commercial Ziegler-Natta catalyst (Z-N: TiCl{sub 4}/MgCl{sub 2}). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The catalyst has a strong influence on product distribution, increasing gas fraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At 650 Degree-Sign C the monomer generation increased by 55% when the catalyst was used. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We showed the concept of treatment of mixed polyolefins without a need of separation. - Abstract: Pyrolysis of plastic waste is an alternative way of plastic recovery and could be a potential solution for the increasing stream of solid waste. The objective of this work was to increase the yield the gaseous olefins (monomers) as feedstock for polymerization process and to test the applicability of a commercial Ziegler-Natta (Z-N): TiCl{sub 4}/MgCl{sub 2} for cracking a mixture of polyolefins consisted of 46% wt. of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 30% wt. of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and 24% wt. of polypropylene (PP). Two sets of experiments have been carried out at 500 and 650 Degree-Sign C via catalytic pyrolysis (1% of Z-N catalyst) and at 650 and 730 Degree-Sign C via only-thermal pyrolysis. These experiments have been conducted in a lab-scale, fluidized quartz-bed reactor of a capacity of 1-3 kg/h at Hamburg University. The results revealed a strong influence of temperature and presence of catalyst on the product distribution. The ratios of gas/liquid/solid mass fractions via thermal pyrolysis were: 36.9/48.4/15.7% wt. and 42.4/44.7/13.9% wt. at 650 and 730 Degree-Sign C while via catalytic pyrolysis were: 6.5/89.0/4.5% wt. and 54.3/41.9/3.8% wt. at 500 and 650 Degree-Sign C, respectively. At 650 Degree-Sign C the monomer generation increased by 55% up to 23.6% wt. of total pyrolysis products distribution while the catalyst was added. Obtained yields of olefins were compared with the naphtha steam cracking process and other potentially attractive processes for feedstock generation. The concept of closed cycle material flow for polyolefins has been discussed, showing the potential benefits of feedstock recycling in a plastic waste management.

Donaj, Pawel J., E-mail: pawel@mse.kth.se [Royal Institute of Technology, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Division of Energy and Furnace Technology, Brinellvagen 23, 100-44 Stockholm (Sweden); Kaminsky, W. [University of Hamburg, Institute of Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Martin-Luther-King Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany); Buzeto, F. [State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, College of Chemical Engineering, Department of Polymer Science - Av. Albert Einstein 13083-852 Campinas (Brazil); Yang, W. [Royal Institute of Technology, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Division of Energy and Furnace Technology, Brinellvagen 23, 100-44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach yields decreased Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

production (yield ... Source: Beckermann, Christoph - Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Iowa Collection: Materials Science 2 Copyright 2001...

290

The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Bioenergy Sorghum Yield and Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................... 77 Economics of fertilizing biomass feedstocks ................................................. 77 Biomass feedstock yield response to applied nitrogen: An example ........... 79 CONCLUSIONS...

Zilahi-Sebess, Szilvia

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

291

Foodservice yield and fabrication times for beef as influenced by purchasing options and merchandising styles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . 1 3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. . . . . . 14 CONCLUSIONS . . . . . . 35 LITERATURE CITED. . . . . . . . . 36 VITA. . . 38 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 109 beef ribs (n =3...). . . . 15 2 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 109E beef ribs (n=3). . . 16 3 Mean foodservice yields (%), processing times (s) and SE for IMPS 120 beef brisket (n = 7). . . . . . . 17 4 Mean foodservice yields...

Weatherly, Benjamin Harrison

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching.348 270Energy Innovation Portal Solar

293

Machine milkability as related to dairy yield and its fractions in dairy ewes (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machine milkability as related to dairy yield and its fractions in dairy ewes (1) O. JATSCH R. SAGI and adaptation to machine milking were evaluated by determining milk yield fractions for Awassi and Assaf dairy conformation significantly affected milk yield and adaptation to machine milking, while breed, rearing methods

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local Reconfiguration*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local to avoid faulty elements. Digital microfluidics- based biochips are also amenable to redundancy-based yield. As microfluidics-based biochips become more complex, manufacturing yield will have significant influence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

295

NEANDC specialists meeting on yields and decay data of fission product nuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Separate abstracts were prepared for the 29 papers presented. Workshop reports on decay heat, fission yields, beta- and gamma-ray spectroscopy, and delayed neutrons are included. An appendix contains a survey of the most recent compilations and evaluations containing fission product yield, fission product decay data, and delayed neutron yield information. (WHK)

Chrien, R.E.; Burrows, T.W. (eds.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Predicting the Yields of Photometric Surveys for Transiting Planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observing extrasolar planetary transits is one of the only ways that we may infer the masses and radii of planets outside the Solar System. As such, the detections made by photometric transit surveys are one of the only foreseeable ways that the areas of planetary interiors, system dynamics, migration, and formation will acquire more data. Predicting the yields of these surveys therefore serves as a useful statistical tool. Predictions allows us to check the efficiency of transit surveys (``are we detecting all that we should?'') and to test our understanding of the relevant astrophysics (``what parameters affect predictions?''). Furthermore, just the raw numbers of how many planets will be detected by a survey can be interesting in its own right. Here, we look at two different approaches to modeling predictions (forward and backward), and examine three different transit surveys (TrES, XO, and Kepler). In all cases, making predictions provides valuable insight into both extrasolar planets and the surveys themselves, but this must be tempered by an appreciation of the uncertainties in the statistical cut-offs used by the transit surveys.

Thomas G. Beatty

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

CONVENIENCE YIELD MODEL WITH PARTIAL OBSERVATIONS AND EXPONENTIAL UTILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, this paper is a first step towards a more realistic model for pricing location-specific energy contracts. Our LUDKOVSKI Abstract. We consider the problem of hedging and pricing claims for delivery of crude oil pricing, HJB equation 1. Introduction In this paper we analyze hedging of commodity contingent claims

Carmona, Rene

298

Energy storage connection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power system for connecting a variable voltage power source, such as a power controller, with a plurality of energy storage devices, at least two of which have a different initial voltage than the output voltage of the variable voltage power source. The power system includes a controller that increases the output voltage of the variable voltage power source. When such output voltage is substantially equal to the initial voltage of a first one of the energy storage devices, the controller sends a signal that causes a switch to connect the variable voltage power source with the first one of the energy storage devices. The controller then causes the output voltage of the variable voltage power source to continue increasing. When the output voltage is substantially equal to the initial voltage of a second one of the energy storage devices, the controller sends a signal that causes a switch to connect the variable voltage power source with the second one of the energy storage devices.

Benedict, Eric L.; Borland, Nicholas P.; Dale, Magdelena; Freeman, Belvin; Kite, Kim A.; Petter, Jeffrey K.; Taylor, Brendan F.

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

299

A measurement of the muon-induced neutron yield in lead at a depth of 2850 m water equivalent  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results from the measurement of the neutron production rate in lead by high energy cosmic-ray muons at a depth of 2850 m water equivalent (mean muon energy of 260 GeV). A tonne-scale highly segmented plastic scintillator detector was utilised to detect both the energy depositions from the traversing muons as well as the delayed radiative capture signals of the induced neutrons. Complementary Monte Carlo simulations reproduce well the distributions of muons and detected muon-induced neutrons. Absolute agreement between simulation and data is of the order of 25%. By comparing the measured and simulated neutron capture rates a neutron yield in pure lead of (5.78{sub ?0.28}{sup +0.21})10{sup ?3} neutrons/muon/(g/cm{sup 2}) has been obtained.

Reichhart, L.; Ghag, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, SUPA University of Edinburgh, UK and High Energy Physics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, SUPA University of Edinburgh, UK and High Energy Physics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom); Lindote, A.; Chepel, V.; DeViveiros, L.; Lopes, M. I.; Neves, F.; Pinto da Cunha, J.; Silva, C.; Solovov, V. N. [LIP-Coimbra and Department of Physics of the University of Coimbra (Portugal)] [LIP-Coimbra and Department of Physics of the University of Coimbra (Portugal); Akimov, D. Yu.; Belov, V. A.; Burenkov, A. A.; Kobyakin, A. S.; Kovalenko, A. G.; Stekhanov, V. N. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Arajo, H. M.; Bewick, A.; Currie, A.; Horn, M. [High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London (United Kingdom)] [High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London (United Kingdom); and others

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

Summary of Information and Resources Related to Energy Use in Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02 of a "High Performance Health Care Buildings" research study funded by the California Energy Commission for a substantial fraction of total commercial building energy use, due in large part to the very high energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ENERGY-EFFICIENT MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS IN LOSSY MULTI-HOP WIRELESS NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con- sumer of energy [7, 8, 15] causing a substantial amount of energy to be wasted by sending packets to reduce the energy wasted by sending such useless data in lossy networks. Keywords: Energy there are dependencies between packets. Blindly processing each packet at the MAC layer may waste energy from

Kravets, Robin

302

Fusion-neutron-yield, activation measurements at the Z accelerator: Design, analysis, and sensitivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a general methodology to determine the diagnostic sensitivity that is directly applicable to neutron-activation diagnostics fielded on a wide variety of neutron-producing experiments, which include inertial-confinement fusion (ICF), dense plasma focus, and ion beam-driven concepts. This approach includes a combination of several effects: (1) non-isotropic neutron emission; (2) the 1/r{sup 2} decrease in neutron fluence in the activation material; (3) the spatially distributed neutron scattering, attenuation, and energy losses due to the fielding environment and activation material itself; and (4) temporally varying neutron emission. As an example, we describe the copper-activation diagnostic used to measure secondary deuterium-tritium fusion-neutron yields on ICF experiments conducted on the pulsed-power Z Accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories. Using this methodology along with results from absolute calibrations and Monte Carlo simulations, we find that for the diagnostic configuration on Z, the diagnostic sensitivity is 0.037% 17% counts/neutron per cm{sup 2} and is ? 40% less sensitive than it would be in an ideal geometry due to neutron attenuation, scattering, and energy-loss effects.

Hahn, K. D., E-mail: kdhahn@sandia.gov; Ruiz, C. L.; Fehl, D. L.; Chandler, G. A.; Knapp, P. F.; Smelser, R. M.; Torres, J. A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); Cooper, G. W.; Nelson, A. J. [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Leeper, R. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Industrial Energy: Counseling the Marriage Between Energy Users and Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time, on site employee, the energy manager can boost implementation rates by navigating the organizational issues that result from change. Energy managers will play a pivotal role in the adoption of strategic energy management protocols such as ISO.... However, intermittent assistance tends to yield intermittent results. An energy manager, integral to a company or facility, provides the leadership and organizational continuity for implementing change...

Russell, C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Value of Irrigation Water with Alternative Input Prices, Product Prices and Yield Levels: Texas Coastal Bend, Cross Timbers, Deep East, Edwards Aquifer, El Paso, Gulf Coast, Lower South Central, Rolling Plains, Trans Pecos and Winter Garden Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

risen to record levels; because of the energy crisis and the rapid rate of inflation, prices of fertilizer and fuel have at least doubled, and the price of other farm inputs have risen substantially. These price changes, in absolute and relative terms...

Sprott, J. M.; Lacewell, R. D.; Beattie, B. R.

305

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measurement of the asymmetry parameter for the decay {Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on a sample of 58x10{sup 6}J/{psi} decays collected with the BESII detector at the BEPC, the {Lambda} decay parameter {alpha}{sub {Lambda}}for {Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +} is measured using about 9000 J/{psi}{yields}{Lambda}{Lambda}{yields}pp{pi}{sup +{pi}-} decays. A fit to the joint angular distributions yields {alpha}{sub {Lambda}({Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +})}=-0.755{+-}0.083{+-}0.063, where the first error is statistical, and the second systematic.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Bai, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Energy recovery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to an improved wet air oxidation system and method for reducing the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of waste water used from scrubbers of coal gasification plants, with this COD reduction being sufficient to effectively eliminate waste water as an environmental pollutant. The improvement of the present invention is provided by heating the air used in the oxidation process to a temperature substantially equal to the temperature in the oxidation reactor before compressing or pressurizing the air. The compression of the already hot air further heats the air which is then passed in heat exchange with gaseous products of the oxidation reaction for "superheating" the gaseous products prior to the use thereof in turbines as the driving fluid. The superheating of the gaseous products significantly minimizes condensation of gaseous products in the turbine so as to provide a substantially greater recovery of mechanical energy from the process than heretofore achieved.

Moore, Albert S. (Morgantown, WV); Verhoff, Francis H. (Morgantown, WV)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

FOCUSED R&D FOR ELECTROCHROMIC SMART WINDOWS: SIGNIFICANT PERFORMANCE AND YIELD ENHANCEMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developments made under this program will play a key role in underpinning the technology for producing EC devices. It is anticipated that the work begun during this period will continue to improve materials properties, and drive yields up and costs down, increase durability and make manufacture simpler and more cost effective. It is hoped that this will contribute to a successful and profitable industry, which will help reduce energy consumption and improve comfort for building occupants worldwide. The first major task involved improvements to the materials used in the process. The improvements made as a result of the work done during this project have contributed to the enhanced performance, including dynamic range, uniformity and electrical characteristics. Another major objective of the project was to develop technology to improve yield, reduce cost, and facilitate manufacturing of EC products. Improvements directly attributable to the work carried out as part of this project and seen in the overall EC device performance, have been accompanied by an improvement in the repeatability and consistency of the production process. Innovative test facilities for characterizing devices in a timely and well-defined manner have been developed. The equipment has been designed in such a way as to make scaling-up to accommodate higher throughput necessary for manufacturing relatively straightforward. Finally, the third major goal was to assure the durability of the EC product, both by developments aimed at improving the product performance, as well as development of novel procedures to test the durability of this new product. Both aspects have been demonstrated, both by carrying out a number of different durability tests, both in-house and by independent third-party testers, and also developing several novel durability tests.

Marcus Milling

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

309

High yield Cu-Co CPP GMR multilayer sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have fabricated and tested GMR magnetic flux sensors that operate in the CPP mode. This work is a continuation of the ultra-high density magnetic sensor research introduced at INTERMAG 96. We have made two significant modifications to the process sequence. First, contact to the sensor is made through a metal conduit deposited in situ with the multilayers. This deposition replaces electroplating. This configuration ensures a good electrical interface between the top of multilayer stack and the top contact, and a continuous, conductive current path to the sensor. The consequences of this modification are an increase in yield of operational devices to {ge}90% per wafer and a significant reduction of the device resistance to {le}560 milliohms and of the uniformity of the device resistance to {le}3%. Second, the as-deposited multilayer structure has been changed from [Cu 30 {angstrom}/Co 20 {angstrom}]{sub 18} (third peak) to [Cu 20.5 {angstrom}/Co 12 {angstrom}]{sub 30} (second peak) to increase the CPP and CIP responses. The sheet film second peak CIP GMR response is 18% and the sensitivity is 0.08 %/Oe. The sheet film third peak CIP GMR response is 8% and the sensitivity is 0. 05 %/Oe. The second peak CPP GMR response averaged over twenty devices on a four inch silicon substrate is 28% {+-} 6%. The response decreases radially from the substrate center. The average response at the center of the substrate is 33% {+-} 4%. The average second peak CPP sensitivity is 0.09 %/Oe {+-} 0.02 %/Oe. The best second peak CPP response from a single device is 39%. The sensitivity of that device is 0.13 %/Oe. The third peak CPP GMR response is approximately 14 %. The third peak CPP response sensitivity is 0.07 %/Oe. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Spallas, J., Mao, M., Law, B., Grabner, F., Cerjan, C., O`Kane, O.

1997-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

ORISE: Collaboration with the CDC yields Radiation Basics Made Simple  

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311

Sandia National Laboratories: high quantum yield under blue excitation  

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312

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

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313

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

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314

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

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315

Final Report - Conservation & Renewable Energy Potential Study For Smith River Rancheria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 2006 the Smith River Rancheria (SRR), located in Smith River, California, contracted with the team of Strategic Energy Solutions (SES) and Evergreen NRG to conduct a study for the community. The objective of the study was to identify renewable generation opportunities that would facilitate Rancheria energy independence through SRR owned and operated power projects. These generation facilities were to be located either on or near the reservation. Specifically, the Rancheria was interested in the viability of generating electric power using biomass and wind fuel resources. Initial research identified that a very small portion of the community's energy could be offset by renewable energy generation due to the low solar resource in this area, and the lack of significant wind or biomass resources on or near reservation land. Some larger projects were identified which offered little or no benefit to the Rancheria. As a result, the scope of this study was changed in October 2006 to focus on energy efficiency opportunities for key reservation facilities, with a continued analysis of smaller renewable energy opportunities within reservation boundaries. The consulting team initially performed a resource analysis for biomass and solar generation opportunities in the region of the Rancheria. It was quickly concluded that none of these options would yield renewable power for the Rancheria at costs competitive with current utility sources, and that any larger installations would require substantial funding that may not be available. Having made these conclusions early on, the study effort was redirected and the team investigated each of the major Rancheria buildings to look for solar, wind and conservation opportunities. The buildings were audited for energy use and the roof areas were examined for exposure of solar radiation. Wind resources were also investigated to determine if smaller wind turbines would offer power generation at a reasonable cost.

Greg Retzlaff

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

For more information contact the Biomass Energy Centre, (01420) 526197 biomass.centre@forestry.gsi.gov.uk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For more information contact the Biomass Energy Centre, (01420) 526197 biomass, but with effective management, a substantial quantity of wood is available from forestry which is not suitable suppliers are available on the Biomass Energy Centre website (www

317

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Technologies Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Renewable energy increases energy security, creates jobs, and powers our clean energy economy. Renewable energy increases energy...

318

The Dark Energy Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the Dark Energy Survey (DES), a proposed optical-near infrared survey of 5000 sq. deg of the South Galactic Cap to ~24th magnitude in SDSS griz, that would use a new 3 sq. deg CCD camera to be mounted on the Blanco 4-m telescope at Cerro Telolo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). The survey data will allow us to measure the dark energy and dark matter densities and the dark energy equation of state through four independent methods: galaxy clusters, weak gravitational lensing tomography, galaxy angular clustering, and supernova distances. These methods are doubly complementary: they constrain different combinations of cosmological model parameters and are subject to different systematic errors. By deriving the four sets of measurements from the same data set with a common analysis framework, we will obtain important cross checks of the systematic errors and thereby make a substantial and robust advance in the precision of dark energy measurements.

The Dark Energy Survey Collaboration

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

319

Study of the X(3872) and Y(4260) in B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}K{sup 0} and B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}K{sup -} decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of a search for the X(3872) in B{sup 0}{yields}X(3872)K{sub S}{sup 0},X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, improved measurements of B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -}, and a study of the J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} mass region above the X(3872). We use 232x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage rings. The results include the 90% confidence interval 1.34x10{sup -6}yields}X(3872)K{sup 0},X{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})<10.3x10{sup -6} and the branching fraction B(B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -},X{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(10.1{+-}2.5{+-}1.0)x10{sup -6}. We observe a (2.7{+-}1.3{+-}0.2)MeV/c{sup 2} mass difference of the X(3872) produced in the two decay modes. Furthermore, we search for the Y(4260) in B decays and set the 95% C.L. upper limit B(B{sup -}{yields}Y(4260)K{sup -},Y(4260){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})<2.9x10{sup -5}.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Grauges, E. [IFAE, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039 (China); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)] (and others)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Solar energy thermalization and storage device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A passive solar thermalization and thermal energy storage assembly which is visually transparent. The assembly consists of two substantial parallel, transparent wall members mounted in a rectangular support frame to form a liquid-tight chamber. A semitransparent thermalization plate is located in the chamber, substantially paralled to and about equidistant from the transparent wall members to thermalize solar radiation which is stored in a transparent thermal energy storage liquid which fills the chamber. A number of the devices, as modules, can be stacked together to construct a visually transparent, thermal storage wall for passive solar-heated buildings.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Search for {psi}(3770){yields}{rho}{pi} at the BESII detector at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-DD decay {psi}(3770){yields}{rho}{pi} is searched for using a data sample of (17.3{+-}0.5) pb{sup -1} taken at the center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV by the BESII detector at the BEPC. No {rho}{pi} signal is observed, and the upper limit of the cross section is measured to be {sigma}(e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{rho}{pi})<6.0 pb at 90% C. L. Considering the interference between the continuum amplitude and the {psi}(3770) resonance amplitude, the branching fraction of {psi}(3770) decays to {rho}{pi} is determined to be B({psi}(3770){yields}{rho}{pi}) set-membership sign (6.0x10{sup -6},2.4x10{sup -3}) at 90% C. L. This is in agreement with the prediction of the S- and D-wave mixing scheme of the charmonium states for solving the '{rho}{pi} puzzle' between J/{psi} and {psi}(2S) decays.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J.Z.; Bian, J.G.; Cai, X.; Chen, H.S.; Chen, H.X.; Chen, J.C.; Chen Jin; Chen, Y.B.; Chu, Y.P.; Cui, X.Z.; Deng, Z.Y.; Dong, L.Y.; Du, S.X.; Du, Z.Z.; Fang, J.; Fu, C.D.; Gao, C.S.; Gu, S.D.; Guo, Y.N. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] [and others

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Selection Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substantial reductions in energy and operational costs can be achieved through the use of energy-efficient electric motors. A handbook was compiled to help industry identify opportunities for cost-effective application of these motors. It covers the economic and operational factors to be considered when motor purchase decisions are being made. Its audience includes plant managers, plant engineers, and others interested in energy management or preventative maintenance programs.

McCoy, Gilbert A.; Litman, Todd; Douglass, John G.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Indochina energy outlook. Report series Number 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indochina contains large energy resources of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower, and will become an important oil, gas, and electricity exporter in Southeast Asia over the next decade. The combination of substantial energy resources and economic reforms in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are attracting major investments in the energy sector. This report discusses the economy; the resources, reserves, and projected production of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower; and electric power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Johnson, C.J.; Lamke, A.J.; Li, B.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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325

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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326

ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results  

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327

Collaboration yields 'The Right Glasses' for observing mystery behavior  

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328

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

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329

Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11LargeLaser

330

Rigidifying Fluorescent Linkers by MOF Formation for Quantum Yield  

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331

Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication Capabilities  

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332

Feedstocks with Reduced Acetylation for Higher Product Yields and Improved  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility of SF(STEO)  EIAFeds feed FamiliesFeedingProperties

333

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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334

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in thein the AssemblyHigh-OrderFlame andHigh-Pressure

335

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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336

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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337

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in thein the AssemblyHigh-OrderFlameHigh-Pressure

338

High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights  

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339

Higher Precision Analysis Doesn't Yield Pentaquark | Jefferson Lab  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in theinPlastics -␤, improved confinementBundles

340

Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication Capabilities |  

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341

2D monolayers could yield thinnest solar cells ever  

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342

Nanopost Arrays Anchor Molecules, Improve Ion Yields for Laser Mass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleet TestAccountsNanoparticleApplications -

343

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide Thin Films. | EMSLStructures for Three

344

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide Thin Films. | EMSLStructures for

345

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide Thin Films. | EMSLStructures forStructures for

346

Solar Decathlon house continues to yield data | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSite CulturalDepartment ofat HomeAssurance:Designing

347

JASON Project Collaboration Yields 3 CODiE Awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/SurfacePump-Testing SignIoniiOctoberNOONJ.W. C0,

348

Ancient Lamps, Earrings Yield Their Secrets Under Neutron Imaging |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone by E-mail ShareRed CrossAnPulsed-Voltageobservations|

349

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849|Structures for Three Membrane

350

A Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy relations at the mesoscopic or lattice level based on the assumption that magnetic momentsA Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis Ralph C. Smith Marcelo J. Dapino Center or spins are restricted to two orientations. Direct minimization of the Gibbs energy yields local average

351

Sample preparation method for glass welding by ultrashort laser pulses yields higher seam strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glass welding by ultrashort laser pulses allows joining without the need of an absorber or a preheating and postheating process. However, cracks generated during the welding process substantially impair the joining strength of the welding seams. In this paper a sample preparation method is described that prevents the formation of cracks. The measured joining strength of samples prepared by this method is substantially higher than previously reported values.

Cvecek, K.; Miyamoto, I.; Strauss, J.; Wolf, M.; Frick, T.; Schmidt, M.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Improving Energy and Process Efficiencies: A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVING ENERGY AND PROCESS EFFICIENCIES A CASE STUDY H. D. Spriggs, Ph.D., President, Matrix 2000, Leesburg, VA 22075 ABSTRACT Industrial companies and their energy suppliers have an opportunity to work together in new ways... process and energy efficiency improvements. The payoff for industry is substantially reduced costs, improved process designs, increased energy efficiencies, and a reduction in emissions. The energy suppliers establish new relationship...

Spriggs, H. D.; Smith, W. R.

353

Stochastic Optimization for Collision Selection in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The underlying structure of matter can be deeply probed via precision measurements of the mass of the \\emph{top quark}, the most massive observed fundamental particle. Top quarks can be produced and studied only in collisions at high energy particle accelerators. Most collisions, however, do not produce top quarks; making precise measurements requires culling these collisions into a sample that is rich in collisions producing top quarks (\\emph{signal}) and spare in collisions producing other particles (\\emph{background}). Collision selection is typically performed with heuristics or supervised learning methods. However, such approaches are suboptimal because they assume that the selector with the highest classification accuracy will yield a mass measurement with the smallest statistical uncertainty. In practice, however, the mass measurement is more sensitive to some backgrounds than others. Hence, this paper presents a new approach that uses stochastic optimization techniques to directly search for selectors that minimize statistical uncertainty in the top quark mass measurement. Empirical results confirm that stochastically optimized selectors have much smaller uncertainty. This new approach contributes substantially to our knowledge of the top quark's mass, as the new selectors are currently in use selecting real collisions.

S. Whiteson; D. Whiteson

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype energy signal tool is demonstrated for operational whole-building and system-level energy use evaluation. The purpose of the tool is to give a summary of building energy use which allows a building operator to quickly distinguish normal and abnormal energy use. Toward that end, energy use status is displayed as a traffic light, which is a visual metaphor for energy use that is either substantially different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing expected to actual energy use. As expected, energy use is necessarily uncertain; we cannot choose the appropriate light with certainty. Instead, the energy signal tool chooses the light by minimizing the expected cost of displaying the wrong light. The expected energy use is represented by a probability distribution. Energy use is modeled by a low-order lumped parameter model. Uncertainty in energy use is quantified by a Monte Carlo exploration of the influence of model parameters on energy use. Distributions over model parameters are updated over time via Bayes' theorem. The simulation study was devised to assess whole-building energy signal accuracy in the presence of uncertainty and faults at the submetered level, which may lead to tradeoffs at the whole-building level that are not detectable without submetering.

Henze, G. P.; Pavlak, G. S.; Florita, A. R.; Dodier, R. H.; Hirsch, A. I.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

GRB 110709A, 111117A, AND 120107A: FAINT HIGH-ENERGY GAMMA-RAY PHOTON EMISSION FROM FERMI-LAT OBSERVATIONS AND DEMOGRAPHIC IMPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Launched on 2008 June 11, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has provided a rare opportunity to study high-energy photon emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Although the majority of such events (27) have been identified by the Fermi-LAT Collaboration, four were uncovered by using more sensitive statistical techniques. In this paper, we continue our earlier work by finding three more GRBs associated with high-energy photon emission, GRB 110709A, 111117A, and 120107A. To systematize our matched filter approach, a pipeline has been developed to identify these objects in nearly real time. GRB 120107A is the first product of this analysis procedure. Despite the reduced threshold for identification, the number of GRB events has not increased significantly. This relative dearth of events with low photon number prompted a study of the apparent photon number distribution. We find an extremely good fit to a simple power law with an exponent of -1.8 {+-} 0.3 for the differential distribution. As might be expected, there is a substantial correlation between the number of lower energy photons detected by the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) and the number observed by LAT. Thus, high-energy photon emission is associated with some but not all of the brighter GBM events. Deeper studies of the properties of the small population of high-energy emitting bursts may eventually yield a better understanding of these entire phenomena.

Zheng Weikang; Akerlof, Carl W.; McKay, Timothy A. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Pandey, Shashi B. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Manora Peak, Nainital 263129 (India); Zhang Binbin [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Zhang Bing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States); Sakamoto, Takanori, E-mail: zwk@umich.edu [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Indiana Energy Energy Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indiana Energy Conference Energy Challenges And Opportunities November 5, 2013 ­ 9:00 a.m. ­ 5:00 p spectrum of business sectors including: Energy Community Manufacturing Policymakers Finance Engineering of Energy & Water: A Well of Opportunity Our water and energy systems are inextricably linked. Energy

Ginzel, Matthew

357

Matter & Energy Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

See Also: Matter & Energy Wind Energy Energy Technology Physics Nuclear Energy Petroleum 27, 2012) -- Energy flowing from large-scale to small-scale places may be prevented from flowing, indicating that there are energy flows from large to small scale in confined space. Indeed, under a specific

Shepelyansky, Dima

358

Stellar Yields of Rotating First Stars. I. Yields of Weak Supernovae and Abundances of Carbon-enhanced Hyper Metal Poor Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform stellar evolution simulation of first stars and calculate stellar yields from the first supernovae. The initial masses are taken from 12 to 140 Msun to cover the whole range of core-collapse supernova progenitors, and stellar rotation is included, which results in efficient internal mixing. A weak explosion is assumed in supernova yield calculations, thus only outer distributed matter, which is not affected by the explosive nucleosynthesis, is ejected in the models. We show that the initial mass and the rotation affect the explosion yield. All the weak explosion models have abundances of [C/O] larger than unity. Stellar yields from massive progenitors of > 40-60 Msun show enhancement of Mg and Si. Rotating models yield abundant Na and Al. And Ca is synthesized in non-rotating heavy massive models of > 80 Msun. We fit the stellar yields to the three most iron-deficient stars, and constrain the initial parameters of the mother progenitor stars. The abundance pattern in SMSS 0313-6708 is well explaine...

Takahashi, Koh; Yoshida, Takashi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Yields of delayed-neutron groups in thermal-neutron fission of sup 229 Th  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Absolute yields of five delayed-neutron groups in thermal-neutron fission of {sup 229}Th have been determined for the first time. A significant discrepancy is noted between the experimental yields of delayed neutrons of the fourth group and the corresponding theoretical values. From the results of the experimental studies, corrections have been determined for even--odd effects in the charge distributions of the yields of fragment nuclides.

Gudkov, A.N.; Koldobskii, A.B.; Krivasheev, S.V.; Lebedev, N.A.; Pchelin, V.A. (Moscow Engineering-Physics Institute (SU))

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

B {yields} {pi}K puzzle: Solutions in the Standard Model and in New Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present B {yields} {pi}K data is studied in the context of the standard model (SM) and with new physics (NP). We confirm that the SM has difficulties explaining the B {yields} {pi}K measurements. By adopting an effective-lagrangian parametrization of NP effects, we are able to rule out several classes of NP. Our model-independent analysis shows that the B {yields} {pi}K data can be accommodated by NP in the electroweak penguin sector.

Baek, Seungwon; Hamel, Philippe; London, David [Physique des Particules, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, succ. centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Datta, Alakabha [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A7 (Canada); Suprun, Denis A. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Relationships of milk yield and season of calving with ovarian cyclicity of Holstein and Jersey cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimated for 60, 90, 120, and 305 days in lactation. Average postpartum intervals to first two ovulations of Holsteins (23 and 44 days) were longer than for Jerseys (19 and 39 days). length of first two estrous cycles were 19 and 24 days for Jerseys... days/100 kg 305-day milk yield). 'This unfavorable milk yield ? ovulation relationship was undetectable by third ovulation which averaged 67 days postpartum. Length of second estrous cycle of Holsteins was unrelated to milk yield, but foz Jerseys...

Gonzalez Sanchez, Andres

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A stochastic model for sediment yield using the Principle of Maximum Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 23, NO. 5, PAGES 781-793, MAY 1987 A Stochastic Model for Sediment Yield Using the Principle of Maximum Entropy V. P. SINGH AND P. F. KRSTANOVIC Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton... Rouge The principle of maximum entropy was applied to derive a stochastic model for sediment yield from upland watersheds. By maximizing the conditional entropy subject to certain constraints, a probability distribution of sediment yield conditioned...

Singh, V. P.; Krstanovic, P. F.

363

A comparison of silage and grain yields of four corn hybrids at three locations in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A (X)HPARISOM Of SILAGM AND GRAIN YI~ QF FODR ~ HYBRIDS AT THRE1'' LOGATIONS IM TzXAS A Thesis RAPAol, A. I JKThI, INO Approve as to stgrle aml content Qs (~chairmen of GcnsmLtt ( Haad Department June, 1&54 , ;. RY OF TE A v... TABLES Page 20 31 Analysis of variance of silage yields at Temple Analysis of variance of grain yields at Temple . Analysis of varianoe of lodging percentage at Temple. . . ~ 12 o ~ 12 ~ i 13 4, 5 ~ 6, 70 Silage yield, grain yield...

Martelino, Rafael Agcaoili

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The effects of alternative housing on pork carcass quality and yield characteristics /by Randall Long.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Quality and yield characteristics of finishing hogs in alternative and conventional confinement were evaluated. Trials were conducted June _October 2008, using a hoop barn (designed (more)

Long, Randall.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerogel light yield Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as 3D Scaffolds for New Materials: from Mechanically Strong Polymer Crosslinked Aerogels Summary: ) yield porous carbides. Xerogels and polymer-coated (X-) RF- MOx aerogels...

366

An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve With Macroeconomic Jump Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kenneth Singleton (1997). An Econometric Model of the TermDiscretely-Sampled Data. Econometric Theory 4, pp. 231-An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve with Macroeconomic

Piazzesi, Monika

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Thick-Target Neutron Yield from the 19F(alpha,n) Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thick-target neutron yields from the 19F(alpha,n) reaction are reported for E(alpha) = 3.5 - 10.0 MeV.

E. B. Norman; T. E. Chupp; K. T. Lesko; G. L. Woodruff; P. J. Grant

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Relative light yield and temporal response of a stilbene-doped bibenzyl organic scintillator for neutron detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron time-of-flight (nTOF) diagnostics used to characterize implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) has necessitated the development of novel scintillators that exhibit a rapid temporal response and high light yield. One such material, a bibenzyl-stilbene mixed single-crystal organic scintillator grown in a 99.5:0.5 ratio in solution, has become the standard scintillator used for nTOF diagnostics at NIF. The prompt fluorescence lifetime and relative light yield as a function of proton energy were determined to calibrate this material as a neutron detector. The temporal evolution of the intensity of the prompt fluorescent response was modeled using first-order reaction kinetics and the prompt fluorescence decay constant was determined to be 2.46??0.01 (fit)??0.13 (systematic) ns. The relative response of the bibenzyl-stilbene mixed crystal generated by recoiling protons was measured, and results were analyzed using Birks' relation to quantify the non-radiative quenching of excitation energy in the scintillator.

Brown, J. A.; Goldblum, B. L., E-mail: bethany@nuc.berkeley.edu; Brickner, N. M.; Daub, B. H.; Kaufman, G. S.; Bibber, K. van; Vujic, J. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Bernstein, L. A.; Bleuel, D. L.; Caggiano, J. A.; Hatarik, R.; Phillips, T. W.; Zaitseva, N. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Wender, S. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

369

Effects of No-Till on Yields as Influenced by Crop and Environmental Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Th is research evaluated diff erences in yields and associated downside risk from using no-till and tillage practices. Yields from 442 paired tillage experiments across the United States were evaluated with respect to six crops and environmental factors including geographic location, annual precipitation, soil texture, and time since conversion from tillage to no-till. Results indicated that mean yields for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with no-till were greater than with tillage. In addition, no-till tended to produce similar or greater mean yields than tillage for crops grown on loamy soils in the Southern Seaboard and Mississippi Portal regions. A warmer and more humid climate and warmer soils in these regions relative to the Heartland, Basin and Range, and Fruitful Rim regions appear to favor no-till on loamy soils. With the exception of corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the Southern Seaboard region, no-till performed poorly on sandy soils. Crops grown in the Southern Seaboard were less likely to have lower no-till yields than tillage yields on loamy soils and thus had lower downside yield risk than other farm resource regions. Consistent with mean yield results, soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and wheat grown on sandy soils in the Southern Seaboard region using no-till had larger downside yield risks than when produced with no-till on loamy soils. Th e key fi ndings of this study support the hypothesis that soil and climate factors impact no-till yields relative to tillage yields and may be an important factor infl uencing risk and expected return and the adoption of the practice by farmers.

Toliver, Dustin K.; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, B.C.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; West, Tristram O.

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

370

Matter & Energy Solar Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy and the Environment · Renewable Energy· Environmental Science · Reference Chemical compound· Semiconductor· Gallium at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry

Rogers, John A.

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic energy congress Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

phenomena controlling the emitted vapor atom and reflected neutral fluxes in the low energy... nickel surfaces are reported. The sputtering yield, ... Source: Wadley, Haydn -...

372

Energy Management for Time-Critical Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their power consumption. The objective is to maximize the minimum energy reserve over any node in the network algorithms yield significantly higher energy reserves than the approaches without speed and power control. 1 such as solar, wind or wa- ter flow, WSN nodes potentially have perpetual energy supply. However, given

Aydin, Hakan

373

Intensity-resolved Above Threshold Ionization Yields of Atoms with Ultrashort Laser Pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Electron ionization yields of xenon were measured for a set of laser pulse intensities using a time of flight (TOF) setup. Horizontally polarized, unchirped, pulses were used in the ionization process. All laser parameters other than the radiation.... The photoelectron yield rate for xenon ............................................................... 37 Fig. 20. The Runge divergence calculated for the model xenon probability function using (6...

Hart, Nathan Andrew

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Current State of Casting Yield: Results from the 1997 Steel Founders'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Chicago, IL, 1997. #12;lNTRODUCTlON It is commonly believed that the average metal yield in the steel casting industry is approximately 50 to 55 percent. A primary goal of conducting the casting yield survey additional costs in remelting scrapped steel (estimated to account for 7% of the total casting cost

Beckermann, Christoph

375

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

Olson, Tamara

376

CELL BIOLOGY & MOLECULAR GENETICS Forage Yields of Alfalfa Populations Derived from Parents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CELL BIOLOGY & MOLECULAR GENETICS Forage Yields of Alfalfa Populations Derived from Parents inbreeding (Bus- bice, 1970).It is important to know if forage yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa variabilitythe level of genetic diversity among 93 alfalfa genotypes previously selected as parents

Yandell, Brian S.

377

Neutron monitor yield function: New improved computations A. L. Mishev,1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron monitor yield function: New improved computations A. L. Mishev,1,3 I. G. Usoskin,1,2 and G June 2013. [1] A ground-based neutron monitor (NM) is a standard tool to measure cosmic ray (CR experimental data. Citation: Mishev, A. L., I. G. Usoskin, and G. A. Kovaltsov (2013), Neutron monitor yield

Usoskin, Ilya G.

378

Comparison Of Expected Yields For Light Radioactive Beams At SPIRAL-1 And 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison Of Expected Yields For Light Radioactive Beams At SPIRAL-1 And 2 Saint-Laurent M of this contribution is the comparison of yields expected for light radioactive beams at SPIRAL-1 and after an upgrade, Switzerland. Abstract. Light-particles stable high-intensity beams (p, d, 3,4 He...) will be available from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

379

Cotton Yield Mapping and Guidance Systems on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cotton Yield Mapping and Guidance Systems on the Texas High Plains Randy Boman, Alan Brashears variability. A yield mapping system measures and records the amount of cotton being harvested at any point in the transport posi- tion. This system has the advantage of directly measuring the harvested cotton in the basket

Mukhtar, Saqib

380

Assessing the individual contributions of variations in temperature, solar radiation and precipitation to crop yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short Title:15 Contributions, Temperature, Solar radiation, Precipitation, Crop yield16 Page 1 of 41 The results showed that year-to-year variations in temperature, solar radiation and precipitation28 in solar radiation showed the strongest isolated impact on simulated yields.34 Its decrease caused

Robertson, Andrew W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Influence of Combustion Conditions on Yields of Solvent-Extractable Anhydrosugars and Lignin Phenols in Chars: Implications for Characterizations of Biomass Combustion Residues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anhydrosugars, such as levoglucosan and its isomers (mannosan, galactosan), as well as the solvent-extractable lignin phenols (methoxylated phenols) are thermal degradation products of cellulose/hemicellulos and lignin, respectively. These two groups of biomarkers are often used as unique tracers of combusted biomass inputs in diverse environmental media. However, detail characterization of the relative proportion and signatures of these compounds in highly heterogeneous plant-derived chars/charcoals are still scarce. Here we conducted a systematic study to investigate the yields of solvent-extractable anhydrosugars and lignin phenols in twenty-five lab-made chars produced from different plant materials under different combustion conditions. Solvent extractable anhydrosugars and lignin phenols were only observed in chars formed below 350 C and yields were variable across different combustion temperatures. The yields mannosan (M) and galactosan (G) decreased more rapidly than those of levoglucosan (L) under increasing combustion severity (temp. and duration), resulting in variable L/M and L/(M+G) ratios, two diagnostic ratios often used for identification of combustion sources (e.g. hardwoods vs. softwoods vs. grasses). On the other hand, the results of this study suggest that the ratios of the major solvent-extractable lignin phenols (vanillyls (V), syringyls (S), cinnamyls (C)) provide additional source reconstruction potential despite observed variations with combustion temperature. We thus propose using a property property plot (L/M vs. S/V) as an improved means for source characterization of biomass combustion residues. The L/M-S/V plot has shown to be effective in environmental samples (soil organic matter, atmospheric aerosols) receiving substantial inputs of biomass combustion residues.

Kuo, Li-Jung; Louchouarn, Patrick; Herbert, Bruce

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The results of a world-wide study on yield improvement are presented. Die yields col-lected from 21 fabs are transformed via a logit formula and compared. The die yields and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-aided manufacturing practices and statistical process control practices in addition to commonly cited practices improvement rates of the fabs are compared, and manufacturing yield improve- ment practices are evaluated such as particle control and advanced manufacturing technology. #12;Introduction The results of a world-wide study

California at Berkeley, University of

383

Rapid selection and identification of Miscanthus genotypes with enhanced glucan and xylan yields from hydrothermal pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sugar yields with various biomass feedstocks, such as cornand other selected biomass feedstocks Biomass Composition (%

Zhang, Taiying; Wyman, Charles E; Jakob, Katrin; Yang, Bin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency, energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Efficiency Energy Efficiency energy consumption savings households, buildings, industry & vehicles The Energy Efficiency Page reflects EIA's information on energy efficiency and...

385

DETERMINING THE RATIO OF THE H+ YIELDS TV TO H+ YIELDS TB DECAY RATES FOR LARGE TAN BETA AT THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDER.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results on the determination of the observable ratio R = BR(H{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sup -})/BR(H{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}) of charged Higgs boson decay rates as a discriminant quantity between Supersymmetric and non-Supersymmetric models. Simulation of measurements of this quantity through the analysis of the charged Higgs production process gb {yields} tbH{sup +} and relative backgrounds in the two above decay channels has been performed in the context of ATLAS. A {approx} 12-14% accuracy on R can be achieved for tan {beta} = 50, m{sub H{sup {+-}}} = 300-500 GeV and after an integrated luminosity of 300 fb{sup -1}. With this precision measurement, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can easily discriminate between models for the two above scenarios, so long as tan {beta} > 20.

ASSAMAGAN,K.A.GUASCH,J.MORETTI,S.PENARANDA,S.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

386

Cost Savings and Energy Reduction: Bi-Level Lighting Retrofits in Multifamily Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community Environmental Center implements Bi- Level Lighting fixtures as a component of cost-effective multifamily retrofits. These systems achieve substantial energy savings by automatically reducing lighting levels when common areas are unoccupied...

Ackley, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Status of the U.S. Department of Energy's Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project team consists of a host demonstration site and supporting partners (e.g. utilities, motor and process equipment suppliers, and contractors). Each team is expected to provide DOE with sufficient data to substantiate and document the energy...

Szady, A. J.; Jallouk, P. A.; Olszewski, M.; Scheihing, P.

388

A portable and high energy efficient desalination/purification system by ion concentration polarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shortage of fresh water is one of the acute challenges that the world is facing now and, thus, energy efficient desalination strategies can provide substantial answers for the water-crisis. Current desalination methods ...

Kim, Sung Jae

389

Artificial Geothermal Energy Potential of Steam-flooded Heavy Oil Reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study presents an investigation of the concept of harvesting geothermal energy that remains in heavy oil reservoirs after abandonment when steamflooding is no longer economics. Substantial heat that has accumulated within reservoir rock and its...

Limpasurat, Akkharachai

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

390

Precision Measurement of the Ratio B(t{yields}Wb)/B(t{yields}Wq) and Extraction of V{sub tb}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the ratio of top quark branching fractions R=B(t{yields}Wb)/B(t{yields}Wq), where q can be a d, s, or b quark, in the lepton+jets and dilepton tt final states. The measurement uses data from 5.4 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We measure R=0.90{+-}0.04, and we extract the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix element |V{sub tb}| as |V{sub tb}|=0.95{+-}0.02, assuming unitarity of the 3x3 CKM matrix.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Jayasinghe, A.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M.; Svoisky, P. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Acharya, B. S.; Banerjee, S.; Mondal, N. K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India); Adams, M.; Bazterra, V. [University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

391

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting (DMR-0819860) Y. Qi, M. P. Haataja & M. C. McAlpine, Princeton University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting (DMR-0819860) Y. Qi, M. P. Haataja & M. C. McAlpine, Princeton stretchable, biocompatible rubbers could yield breakthroughs in implantable or wearable energy harvesting Flexible energy harvesting Flexible plastics #12;

Petta, Jason

392

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Research Topics Renewable Energy Renewable Energy he Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) 2014 Postdoctoral Research Awards are sponsored by: Solar Energy...

393

Energy 101 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Literacy Energy 101 Energy 101 What is the Energy 101 Initiative? The Energy 101 Dialogue Series: Dialogue 1: Energy in the Classroom Webinar Slides Increasing opportunities...

394

Substantial enhancement in intrinsic coercivity on M-type strontium hexaferrite through the increase in magneto-crystalline anisotropy by co-doping of group-V and alkali elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of d{sup 1} impurity doping in Sr-hexaferrite (SrM) on the magnetic anisotropy is investigated. First-principles calculations revealed that group-V elements (V, Nb) are stabilized with co-doping of alkali elements. Na{sup 1+}/K{sup 1+} doping at Sr{sup 2+}-site is found to be critical to form the d{sup 1} impurities at Fe-site. Experimentally, NaV doped SrM shows the intrinsic coercivity of ?5.4 kOe, which is ?300% enhancement compared to undoped SrM and comparable value to LaCo co-doped SrM. Finally, the spin-orbit coupling from non-vanishing angular momentum of d{sup 1} impurity in SrM should be a main factor for such a substantial improvement of intrinsic coercivity.

Ahn, Kyunghan, E-mail: kyunghan.ahn@samsung.com; Ryu, Byungki; Korolev, Dmitry; Jae Kang, Young [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

395

System with partial energy loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on solar irradiance information from satellite data A. Drews*, E. Lorenz, J. Betcke, D. Heinemann, A.C. de to calculate reference values of the expected energy yield. Solar radiation derived from data of the METEOSAT. The quality of the PV simulation output depends highly on the accuracy of the irradiance data. Under clear sky

Heinemann, Detlev

396

Branching fraction and charge asymmetry measurements in B{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{pi} decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the decays B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}, including intermediate resonances, using a sample of 382x10{sup 6} BB pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} B factory. We measure the branching fractions B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{rho}{sup 0})=(2.7{+-}0.3{+-}0.2)x10{sup -5} and B(B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{rho}{sup +})=(5.0{+-}0.7{+-}0.3)x10{sup -5}. We also set the following upper limits at the 90% confidence level: B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} nonresonant)<1.2x10{sup -5}, B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}f{sub 2})<4.6x10{sup -6}, and B(B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0} nonresonant)<7.3x10{sup -6}. We measure the charge asymmetry in charged B decays to J/{psi}{rho} to be -0.11{+-}0.12{+-}0.08.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges #12;4 Fuel Cells -- Where are we today? Fuel Cells for Transportation

398

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Source: US DOE 10/2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies ­ Upcoming Workshops & Solicitations Source: US DOE 10/2010 2 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Update Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Fuel

399

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Richard Farmer Hydrogen Business Council September 14, 2010 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150 Deputy Program Manager Fuel Cell Technologies Program United States Department of Energy Mountain States

400

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 #12;Authors of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program for their support and guidance in the preparation of this report-Jerram of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, Rachel Gelman of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Jennifer Gangi

402

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy AUGUST 2010 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT EXECUTIVE (Berkeley Lab) Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy relatively high levels of wind energy penetration in their electricity grids: end-of-2009 wind power capacity

403

Comparison of product yields obtained from the New Albany Shale by different rapid heating retorting procedures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seven samples of New Albany Shale, Clegg Creek Member were independently evaluated for possible oil yield enhancement above Fischer Assay. Bulk samples were crushed, blended, sieved and riffled into representative aliquots and then divided between two laboratories. Samples were evaluated by the ASTM Fischer Assay and the Rapid Heat Up Assay (RHU). Results provided the first case of the independent evaluation of oil yield enhancement over Fischer Assay (FA) for eastern US oil shales carried out by different laboratories working on the same samples. Oil yield enhancements were obtained by both laboratories. Fischer Assay results were remarkably comparable indicating that reproducibility is possible for eastern US shale. Results from the assays are given.

Rubel, A.M.; Audeh, C.A.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Yield strength dependence on strain rate of molybdenum-alloy nanofibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The yield strength dependence on strain rate was studied for molybdenum-alloy nanofibers with varying initial dislocation density at three different pre-strain levels. In-situ tensile experiments at three displacement rates were carried out in a scanning electron microscope. Yield strength and its scatter decreased as a function of the pre-strain level for different displacement rates. A statistical model was used to analyze the results, and a negative strain rate dependence was inferred from the yield experiments. This finding suggests the need for theoretical investigations since classical models such as dynamic strain aging may have limitations at such nanoscales.

Loya, P. E.; Peng, C.; Zhang, P.; Zhang, J.; Lou, J. [Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); Xia, Y. Z. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Bei, H. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); George, E. P.; Gao, Y. F. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

405

The influence of date and rate of seeding wheat on yield of grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in precipitation with slight increase 1n temperature caused a great decrease in number of' tillers. rh1s agrees with Smith (33), who found a correlation of 0 . 92 between rain- fall and amount, of tillering. Hei ht of Plant Average height of shoot is presented... grain yield per plant in grams is presented in Table 18 and tne analysis of va. " iance in Table 19 . The delay 1n sowing had a deleterious effect on the yield per plant. The results we'e significant at . 05 level. The fall 1n yield was conspicuous...

Shamma, Wifki Shakir El-

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Spacing of Rows in Corn and Its Effect Upon Grain Yield.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, was added as a third distribution. The results for the five-year period are shown in the follnn.ing table. S,PACING ROWS IN CORN AND EFFECT UPON GRAIN YIELD 9 hould be pointed out that the low ~ield from the six-foot spacing I2 mss, undouhteclly, due... comparable. It is noticeable that the grain yield each pear is consistently in favor of the three-foot spacing, as is also the average for the whole period of five years. These results indicate that the actual yield in grain secure:l from the three-foot...

Conner, A. B. (Arthur Benjamin)

1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Increase in ethanol yield via elimination of lactate production in an ethanol-tolerant mutant of Clostridium thermocellum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale production of lignocellulosic biofuel is a potential solution to sustainably meet global energy needs. One-step consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) is a potentially advantageous approach for the production of biofuels, but requires an organism capable of hydrolyzing biomass to sugars and fermenting the sugars to ethanol at commercially viable titers and yields. Clostridium thermocellum, a thermophilic anaerobe, can ferment cellulosic biomass to ethanol and organic acids, but low yield, low titer, and ethanol sensitivity remain barriers to industrial production. Here, we deleted the hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase gene in ethanol tolerant strain of C. thermocellum adhE*(EA) in order to allow use of previously developed gene deletion tools, then deleted lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) to redirect carbon flux towards ethanol. Upon deletion of ldh, the adhE*(EA) ldh strain produced 30% more ethanol than wild type on minimal medium. The adhE*(EA) ldh strain retained tolerance to 5% v/v ethanol, resulting in an ethanol tolerant platform strain of C. thermocellum for future metabolic engineering efforts.

Biswas, Ranjita [ORNL] [ORNL; Prabhu, Sandeep [ORNL] [ORNL; Lynd, Lee R [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth] [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth; Guss, Adam M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Measurements of actinide-fission product yields in Caliban and Prospero metallic core reactor fission neutron fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the 1970's and early 1980's, an experimental program was performed on the facilities of the CEA Valduc Research Center to measure several actinide-fission product yields. Experiments were, in particular, completed on the Caliban and Prospero metallic core reactors to study fission-neutron-induced reactions on {sup 233}U, {sup 235}U, and {sup 239}Pu. Thick actinide samples were irradiated and the number of nuclei of each fission product was determined by gamma spectrometry. Fission chambers were irradiated simultaneously to measure the numbers of fissions in thin deposits of the same actinides. The masses of the thick samples and the thin deposits were determined by mass spectrometry and alpha spectrometry. The results of these experiments will be fully presented in this paper for the first time. A description of the Caliban and Prospero reactors, their characteristics and performances, and explanations about the experimental approach will also be given in the article. A recent work has been completed to analyze and reinterpret these measurements and particularly to evaluate the associated uncertainties. In this context, calculations have also been carried out with the Monte Carlo transport code Tripoli-4, using the published benchmarked Caliban description and a three-dimensional model of Prospero, to determine the average neutron energy causing fission. Simulation results will be discussed in this paper. Finally, new fission yield measurements will be proposed on Caliban and Prospero reactors to strengthen the results of the first experiments. (authors)

Casoli, P.; Authier, N. [CEA, Centre de Valduc, 21120 Is-sur-Tille (France); Laurec, J.; Bauge, E.; Granier, T. [CEA, Centre DIF, 91297 Arpajon (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Effects of scale-up on oil and gas yields in a solid-recycle bed oil shale retorting process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluidized bed pyrolysis of oil shale in a non-hydrogen atmosphere has been shown to significantly increase oil yield in laboratory-scale reactors compared to the Fischer assay by many workers. The enhancement in oil yield by this relatively simple and efficient thermal technique has led to the development of several oil shale retorting processes based on fluidized bed and related technologies over the past fifteen years. Since 1986, the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) has been developing one such process, KENTORT II, which is mainly tailored for the Devonian oil shales that occur in the eastern U.S. The process contains three main fluidized bed zones to pyrolyze, gasify, and combust the oil shale. A fourth fluidized bed zone serves to cool the spent shale prior to exiting the system. The autothermal process utilizes processed shale recirculation to transfer heat from the combustion to the gasification and pyrolysis zones. The CAER is currently testing the KENTORT II process in a 22.7-kg/hr process-development unit (PDU).

Carter, S.D.; Taulbee, D.N.; Vego, A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Increasing the K-shell yield of line radiation in Z-pinch implosions using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variation of the K-shell yield of pure aluminum wire-array Z-pinch implosions with load parameters is discussed. The mechanism and the efficiency of increasing the K-shell yield using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays are numerically investigated. It has been shown that the maximum K-shell yield from a pure aluminum wire-array Z-pinch implosion can be obtained at an optimal load mass for a given generator and at a fixed initial wire-array radius. This optimal load mass is determined by the load energy coupling with the generator, the capability of Z-pinch plasmas to emit the K-shell radiation, and the self absorption of K-shell lines. For different generators, the optimal load mass increases as the drive current increases, and the line absorption limits the further increase of K-shell radiation. The coupled energy per ion is likely decreasing with increased mass, so the plasma might not be able to ionize into the K-shell. Also, the ability of the plasma to radiatively cool can increase with mass, thus, making it difficult for the plasma to ionize into and remain in the K-shell during the stagnation phase of the implosion. Alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays were thus suggested to be used to decrease the opacity of K-shell lines and to increase the overall K-shell yield. In this paper, we show that using alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays will decrease the opacity and increase the K-shell yield remarkably if the plasma is optically thick. We will also show that the efficiency of increasing the K-shell yield with alloyed Al/Mg wire-arrays cannot increase indefinitely. The ratio of K-shell yield from an alloyed Al/Mg wire-array to that from a pure aluminum wire-array reaches a limit. For example, we show that when the mass share of magnesium is 10% then this limit is 1.2, and for a 50% mass share, the limit is 1.3.

Xiao Delong; Ding Ning; Xue Chuang; Huang Jun; Zhang Yang; Ning Cheng; Sun Shunkai [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dilute Acid Hydrolysis of Oligomers in Hydrothermal Pretreatment Hydrolyzate into Monomers with High Yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, and chemicals.Elsevier. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory.2003,Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2007.

Tsai, Yueh-Du

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Yield inception of a soft coating on a flat substrate indented by a rigid sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Harbin, China b Center for Magnetic Recording Research, University of California, San Diego, USA c and tribological properties of components. Soft coatings, such as copper, MoS2 and some solid lubricants, have been of the coating material was only of secondary importance. Substantially different displace- ments and stress

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

413

Observation of a Resonancelike Structure in the {pi}{sup +-}{psi}{sup '} Mass Distribution in Exclusive B{yields}K{pi}{sup +-}{psi}{sup '} Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A distinct peak is observed in the {pi}{sup {+-}}{psi}{sup '} invariant mass distribution near 4.43 GeV in B{yields}K{pi}{sup {+-}}{psi}{sup '} decays. A fit using a Breit-Wigner resonance shape yields a peak mass and width of M=4433{+-}4(stat){+-}2(syst) MeV and {gamma}=45{sub -13}{sup +18}(stat){sub -13}{sup +30}(syst) MeV. The product branching fraction is determined to be B(B{sup 0}{yields}K{sup {+-}}Z{sup {+-}}(4430))xB(Z{sup {+-}}(4430){yields}{pi}{sup {+-}}{psi}{sup '})=(4.1{+-}1.0(stat){+-}1.4(syst))x10{sup -5}, where Z{sup {+-}}(4430) is used to denote the observed structure. The statistical significance of the observed peak is 6.5{sigma}. These results are obtained from a 605 fb{sup -1} data sample that contains 657x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected near the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider.

Choi, S.-K. [Gyeongsang National University, Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Olsen, S. L. [University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Adachi, I.; Brodzicka, J.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Suzuki, S. Y.; Takasaki, F.; Tamai, K.; Tanaka, M. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Changing patterns of world energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The substantial increases in oil prices since 1973 have had tremendous impacts on world energy, and particularly on oil consumption. These impacts have varied across regions and energy types. As shown in a table, from 1960 through 1973 the real price of internationally traded crude oil, as measured in constant US dollars, changed very little. In this stable oil price environment, Free World energy consumption grew at 5.3% per year and oil use rose at 7.5% per year, increasing its share of Free World energy consumption from 43 to 56%. 6 tables.

Todd, S.H.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Reliability-yield allocation for semiconductor integrated circuits: modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research develops yield and reliability models for fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits and develops optimization algorithms that can be directly applied to these models. Since defects cause failures in microelectronics systems...

Ha, Chunghun

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Engineering design automation tool for yield learning model for IC packaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The leading edge of semiconductor manufacturing is the high yield production of semiconductor devices of which integrated circuit packaging has a continuous increasing demand along with integrated circiut functionality. IC packaging manufacturing...

Sarwar, Abul Kalam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Quantitative trait loci(qtl) analysis of yield components and heat tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

component traits in the 62 RILs in four individual environments?.. 94 Table XV Summary of QTLs identified by composite interval mapping for heat tolerance based on simple score of yield and its component traits in the 62 RILs in four...

Do, Jung Hwa

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

Rushing, Ronald Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

Equivalent plastic strain for the Hill's yield criterion under general three-dimensional loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many industrial applications, an accurate model of the initial yield surface of materials with a significant degree of anisotropy is required. Anisotropy due to preferred orientation can occur in sheet metal parts used ...

Colby, Rebecca B. (Rebecca Bea)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter A and variance of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2 Market price of a future delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Price valuation

Vuik, Kees

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Vegetation and wildfire controls on sediment yield in bedrock Roman A. DiBiase1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive to climate, tectonics, and wildfire. Predicting landscape response to these pertur- bations demands a quantitative understanding of erosion processes. However, existing models for hillslope sediment scale, our measurements match records of postfire sediment yield from nearby retention basins. Contrary

DiBiase, Roman A.

422

Measuring the absolute DT neutron yield using the Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) has been installed and extensively used on OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum from inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions. From the neutron spectrum measured with the MRS, many critical implosion parameters are determined including the primary DT neutron yield, the ion temperature, and the down-scattered neutron yield. As the MRS detection efficiency is determined from first principles, the absolute DT neutron yield is obtained without cross-calibration to other techniques. The MRS primary DT neutron measurements at OMEGA and the NIF are shown to be in excellent agreement with previously established yield diagnostics on OMEGA, and with the newly commissioned nuclear activation diagnostics on the NIF.

Mackinnon, A; Casey, D; Frenje, J A; Johnson, M G; Seguin, F H; Li, C K; Petrasso, R D; Glebov, V Y; Katz, J; Knauer, J; Meyerhofer, D; Sangster, T; Bionta, R; Bleuel, D; Hachett, S P; Hartouni, E; Lepape, S; Mckernan, M; Moran, M; Yeamans, C

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

New correlations for dew-point, specific gravity and producing yield for gas condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work presents four newly developed correlations to estimate dew-point pressure, current specific gravity and producing yield of gas condensate reservoirs. The first correlation may be used to predict the dew-point pressure of the reservoir gas...

Ovalle Cortissoz, Adriana Patricia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Retail yields and fabrication times for beef subprimals from two grade groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Davey B. Griffin (Chair of Committee) (Member) _____________________________ _____________________________ Julie F. Harlin Chris L. Skaggs (Member) (Member... (s) for fabrication of Beef Rib, Blade Meat (IMPS #109B) from different USDA quality grade groups..............................................................................................17 2 Least squares means of retail yields...

Voges, Kristin Leigh

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - ada2p yields insight Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

up to 70 %-wt. In this process, the biomass is heated to temperatures of 400... hydrotreating catalysts with respect to oil yield (up to 60 %-wt.) and deoxygenation level (up...

427

A viscoplasticity model with an enhanced control of the yield surface distortion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new model of metal viscoplasticity, which takes combined isotropic, kinematic, and distortional hardening into account, is presented. The basic modeling assumptions are illustrated using a new two-dimensional rheological analogy. This demonstrative rheological model is used as a guideline for the construction of constitutive relations. The nonlinear kinematic hardening is captured using the well-known Armstrong-Frederick approach. The distortion of the yield surface is described with the help of a so-called distortional backstress. A distinctive feature of the model is that any smooth convex saturated form of the yield surface which is symmetric with respect to the loading direction can be captured. In particular, an arbitrary sharpening of the saturated yield locus in the loading direction combined with a flattening on the opposite side can be covered. Moreover, the yield locus evolves smoothly and its convexity is guaranteed at each hardening stage. A strict proof of the thermodynamic consistency is provi...

Shutov, A V

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Shear-Transformation-Zone Theory of Yielding in Athermal Amorphous Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yielding transitions in athermal amorphous materials resemble critical phenomena. Historically, they have been described by the Herschel-Bulkley rheological formula, which implies singular behaviors at yield points. In this paper, I examine this class of phenomena using an elementary version of the thermodynamic shear-transformation-zone (STZ) theory, focusing on the role of the effective disorder temperature, and paying special attention to scaling and dimensional arguments. I find a wide variety of Herschel-Bulkley-like rheologies but, for fundamental reasons not specific to the STZ theory, conclude that the yielding transition is not truly critical. In particular, there is a correlation length that grows rapidly, but ultimately saturates near the yield point.

J. S. Langer

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

429

Forecasting the Standard & Poor's 500 stock index futures price: interest rates, dividend yields, and cointegration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forward price series is constructed using interest rate and dividend yield data. Out-of-sample forecasts from error correction models are compared to those from vector autoregressions (VAR) fit to levels and VARs fit to first differences. This comparison...

Fritsch, Roger Erwin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane the current study and the previous measurements in similar flames with methane, ethane, and propane flames

Gülder, ?mer L.

431

Fission Fragment Distributions and Delayed Neutron Yields from Photon-Induced-Fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fission fragment distributions and delayed neutron yields for 235U and 238U are provided by a complete modelization of the photofission process below 25 MeV. The absorption cross-section parameterization and the fission fragment distributions are given and compared to experimental data. The delayed neutron yields and the half-lives in terms of six groups are presented and compared to data obtained with a bremsstrahlung spectrum of 15 MeV.

David, J.-C.; Dore, D.; Giacri-Mauborgne, M.-L.; Ridikas, D.; Lauwe, A. van [DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, CEA/Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

432

CVD Growth of Carbon Nanostructures from Zirconia: Mechanisms and a Method for Enhancing Yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the growth is due to zirconia nanoparticles. Recently, morphologies of carbon nanostructures similar to those investigated in this work have been reported in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) comprised of yttria-stabilized zirconia.63,64 ? CONCLUSION Distinct... and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited. etc.). Despite attempts to improve yield via parametric optimization of process conditions,18 a reliable process for reproducible growth of CNTs and CNFs that yields comparable areal density...

Kudo, Akira; Steiner, Stephen A., III; Bayer, Bernhard C.; Kidambi, Piran R.; Hofmann, Stephan; Strano, Michael S.; Wardle, Brian L.

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

Application of a water rights analysis program to reservoir system yield calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corrected to approximate naturalized flows. As water management becomes more critical, it is necessary to gage the effect of governmental institutions on reservoir yields. In Texas and elsewhere, water users are governed by a system of water rights.... The effect of this system on firm yields must be quantified in order to provide effective water management. This thesis documents research into the effect of the Texas water rights system on the Brazos River Authority reservoir system. A new generalized...

Walls, William Brian

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Asymmetric Yield Function Based on the Stress Invariants for Pressure Sensitive Metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A general asymmetric yield function is proposed with dependence on the stress invariants for pressure sensitive metals. The pressure sensitivity of the proposed yield function is consistent with the experimental result of Spitzig and Richmond (1984) for steel and aluminum alloys while the asymmetry of the third invariant is preserved to model strength differential (SD) effect of pressure insensitive materials. The proposed yield function is transformed in the space of the stress triaxaility, the von Mises stress and the normalized invariant to theoretically investigate the possible reason of the SD effect. The proposed plasticity model is further extended to characterize the anisotropic behavior of metals both in tension and compression. The extension of the yield function is realized by introducing two distinct fourth-order linear transformation tensors of the stress tensor for the second and third invariants, respectively. The extended yield function reasonably models the evolution of yield surfaces for a zirconium clock-rolled plate during in-plane and through-thickness compression reported by Plunkett et al. (2007). The extended yield function is also applied to describe the orthotropic behavior of a face-centered cubic metal of AA 2008-T4 and two hexagonal close-packed metals of high-purity-titanium and AZ31 magnesium alloy. The orthotropic behavior predicted by the generalized model is compared with experimental results of these metals. The comparison validates that the proposed yield function provides sufficient predictability on SD effect and anisotropic behavior both in tension and compression. When it is necessary to consider r-value anisotropy, the proposed function is efficient to be used with nonassociated flow plasticity by introducing a separate plastic potential for the consideration of r-values as shown in Stoughton & Yoon (2004, 2009).

Jeong Wahn Yoon; Yanshan Lou; Jong Hun Yoon; Michael V. Glazoff

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Search for B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi} decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a search for the decay B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi}, using a sample of 657x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected with the Belle detector at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance. No statistically significant signal is found and an upper limit for the branching fraction is determined to be B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi})<9.4x10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

Liu, Y.; Iwabuchi, M.; Kim, Y. J. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Hayama (Japan); Trabelsi, K.; Adachi, I.; Dalseno, J.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Schuemann, J.; Takasaki, F. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

A conceptual model for determining yield loss due to drought stress in sorghum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A Thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Approved as to style and content by: Marshall J. McFarland (Chair of Committee...

Koch, Paul Robert

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Energy conservation in electrostatic fabric filtration of industrial dust  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conservation in energy consumption in industrial fabric filtration systems has become very important due to the substantial increase in energy costs. Recently, an external electric field was utilized in the industrial dust control by fabric filters with very promising initial results. A substantial decrease in the pressure drop and an increase in collection efficiency were observed. The detailed outcome of the experimental research program in electrostatic fabric filtration was presented. The results show that pressure drop decreases substantially with the increased electrostatic field strength for all relevant parameters. Furthermore, the data of the experimental program was utilized to develop a semi-empirical model for the determination of the pressure drop and to establish an Energy-Optimized Design Criteria.

Ariman, T.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration?¢????s (NOAA?¢????s) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables wave diffraction to substantially reestablish wave power densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices. The total available wave energy resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge, based on accumulating unit circle wave power densities, is estimated to be 2,640 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 590 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 240 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 80 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 1570 TWh/yr for Alaska, 130 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 30 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico. The total recoverable wave energy resource, as constrained by an array capacity packing density of 15 megawatts per kilometer of coastline, with a 100-fold operating range between threshold and maximum operating conditions in terms of input wave power density available to such arrays, yields a total recoverable resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge of 1,170 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 250 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 160 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 60 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 620 TWh/yr for Alaska, 80 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 20 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico.

Paul T. Jacobson; George Hagerman; George Scott

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Mass production of multi-wall carbon nanotubes by metal dusting process with high yield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Synthesis of carbon nanotubes over Fe-Ni nanoparticles supported alloy 304L. {yields} Production of carbon nanotubes with high yield (700-1000%) and low cost catalyst. {yields} Optimum growth condition is CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C under long term repetitive thermal cycling. {yields} Possibility of the mass production by metal dusting process with low cost. -- Abstract: Carbon nanotube materials were synthesized over Fe-Ni nanoparticles generated during disintegration of the surface of alloy 304L under metal dusting environment. The metal dusting condition was simulated and optimized through exposing stainless steel samples during long term repetitive thermal cycling in CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, total gas flow rate 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C for 300 h. After reaction, surface morphology of the samples and also carbonaceous deposition which had grown on sample surfaces were examined by stereoscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results revealed that multi-wall carbon nanotubes could be formed over nanocatalyst generated on the alloy surface by exploiting metal dusting process. By optimization of reaction parameters the yields of carbon nanotube materials obtained were 700-1000%. Also it has been shown herein that the amount of carbon nanotube materials remarkably increases when the reaction time is extended up to 300 h, indicating a possibility of the mass production by this easy method.

Ghorbani, H. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rashidi, A.M., E-mail: Rashidiam@ripi.ir [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rastegari, S.; Mirdamadi, S. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alaei, M. [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Acceptance Hydrogen Supply & Delivery Infrastructure Hydrogen Cost Target*: $2 ­ 3 /gge, (dispensedEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita, domestic resources. Stationary Power (including CHP & backup power) Auxiliary & Portable Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Delivery Infrastructure Hydrogen Cost Target: $2 ­ 3 /gge, delivered Key Challenges Technology ValidationEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita. Stationary Power (including CHP & backup power) Auxiliary & Portable Power Transportation Benefits

442

Properties of Inelastic Yielding Zones Generated by In-plane Dynamic Ruptures Shiqing Xu1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Energy rate vs. time for the crack case of Fig. 2a and pulse case of Fig. 2b. Definitions of different components. Table 1. Definitions of various energy components Energy Definition Dissipated plastic energy Ep energy components are shown in the Table 1. Etot vol is the rate of energy mismatch among different

Ampuero, Jean Paul

443

Energy-Efficient, Utility Accrual Scheduling under Resource Constraints for Mobile Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@mitre.org ABSTRACT We present an energy-efficient, utility accrual, real-time scheduling algorithm called in the past [16,29]. Saving energy without substantially affecting applica- tion performance is crucial voltage scaling (DVS) is a common mecha- nism studied in the past to save CPU energy [5, 12, 14, 15, 25

Ravindran, Binoy

444

Quick Notes on CO2 Diagram and Energy Diagram For the ESRP 285 Website (Spring 2008)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the US contributes a substantial share of the global total. In 2001, for example, the energy related such as gasoline in vehicles and coal in power plants. Energy related carbon emissions are a global problem of the diagram. The electricity sector was responsible for 39% of energy- related emissions and 33% of the total

Ford, Andrew

445

Quantification of the influence of directional sea state parameters over the performances of wave energy converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate predictions of the annual energy yield from wave energy converters are essential to the development of the wave industry. The current method based on power matrices uses only a small part of the data available ...

Pascal, Remy Claude Rene

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

446

Dow's Energy/WRAP Contest- A 12-Yr Energy and Waste Reduction Success Story  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOW'S ENERGY/WRAP CONTEST A 12-YR ENERGY AND WASTE REDUCTION SUCCESS STORY Kenneth E. Nelson, Manager, Energy Conservation, Dow U.S.A. ABSTRACT Keeping employees interested in saving energy and reducing waste is a constant challenge. Ideally... conservation program in 1981. It took the form of an annual Contest. In 1983, the Contest scope was expanded to included yield improvement, and in 1987, Dow's WRAP (Waste Reduction Always Pays) program was added. The Contest has been enormously successful...

Nelson, K. E.

447

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Harbor #12;U.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector 2 #12 · Efficiencies can be 60% (electrical) and 85% (with CHP) · > 90% reduction in criteria pollutants U.S. Department of Energy #12;7 Market Transformation Government acquisitions could significantly reduce the cost

448

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions 20 Percent below 1990 levels by 2020by 2020 · Enhance Energy Security: Save More Oil than the U security, and environmental challenges concurrently. Energy Security Economic · Deploy the cheapest.S. DOE #12;President's National Objectives for DOE-- Energy to Secure America's Future · Quickly

449

Symmetry energy from nuclear multifragmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ratio of symmetry energy coefficient to temperature $C_{sym}/T$ is extracted from different prescriptions using the isotopic as well as the isobaric yield distributions obtained in different projectile fragmentation reactions. It is found that the values extracted from our theoretical calculation agree with those extracted from the experimental data but they differ very much from the input value of the symmetry energy used. The best possible way to deduce the value of the symmetry energy coefficient is to use the fragment yield at the breakup stage of the reaction and it is better to use the grand canonical model for the fragmentation analysis. This is because the formulas that are used for the deduction of the symmetry energy coefficient are all derived in the framework of the grand canonical ensemble which is valid only at the break-up (equilibrium) condition. The yield of "cold" fragments either from the theoretical models or from experiments when used for extraction of the symmetry energy coefficient using these prescriptions might lead to the wrong conclusion.

Swagata Mallik; Gargi Chaudhuri

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Discovery of Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from 1FGL J2001.1 4351 by MAGIC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery of Very High Energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray emission from the source 1FGL J2001.1+4351, (RA 20 01 13.5, dec 43 53 02.8, J2000), which is positionally consistent with the location of the flat spectrum radio source MG4 J200112+4352 (RA 20 01 12.9, dec 43 52 52.8, J2000). The VHE detection is based on a 1.5 hour-long observation performed on July 16th in stereoscopic mode with the two 17m diameter imaging Cherenkov telescopes on La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. The preliminary analysis of the MAGIC data using the standard cuts optimized for soft energy spectra sources yields a detection of 125 gamma-rays above 90 GeV, corresponding to a pre-trail statistical significance of 7.6 standard deviations. The observed flux is estimated to be {approx}20% of the Crab nebula flux above 100 GeV. Earlier MAGIC observations indicated a substantially lower flux; hence indicating that the source is variable on a few days timescale.

Berger, Karsten; /IAC, La Laguna /Laguna U., Tenerife; Paneque, David; /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /SLAC; Giavitto, Gianluca; /Barcelona, IFAE

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Study of calculated and measured time dependent delayed neutron yields. [TX, for calculating delayed neutron yields; MATINV, for matrix inversion; in FORTRAN for LSI-II minicomputer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-dependent delayed neutron emission is of interest in reactor design, reactor dynamics, and nuclear physics studies. The delayed neutrons from neutron-induced fission of /sup 232/U, /sup 237/Np, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am, /sup 242m/Am, /sup 245/Cm, and /sup 249/Cf were studied for the first time. The delayed neutron emission from /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U, /sup 239/Pu, /sup 241/Pu, and /sup 242/Pu were measured as well. The data were used to develop an empirical expression for the total delayed neutron yield. The expression gives accurate results for a large variety of nuclides from /sup 232/Th to /sup 252/Cf. The data measuring the decay of delayed neutrons with time were used to derive another empirical expression predicting the delayed neutron emission with time. It was found that nuclides with similar mass-to-charge ratios have similar decay patterns. Thus the relative decay pattern of one nuclide can be established by any measured nuclide with a similar mass-to-charge ratio. A simple fission product yield model was developed and applied to delayed neutron precursors. It accurately predicts observed yield and decay characteristics. In conclusion, it is possible to not only estimate the total delayed neutron yield for a given nuclide but the time-dependent nature of the delayed neutrons as well. Reactors utilizing recycled fuel or burning actinides are likely to have inventories of fissioning nuclides that have not been studied until now. The delayed neutrons from these nuclides can now be incorporated so that their influence on the stability and control of reactors can be delineated. 8 figures, 39 tables.

Waldo, R.W.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Energy Technologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Technologies Energy Technologies State, local, and tribal governments can use clean energy technologies to address increasing energy use and costs, economic investment and...

453

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETEIU...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETEIU-IlNATION RECIPIENT:University of Hawaii Page 1 of2 STATE: HI PROJECf TITLE: Development of High Yield Tropical...

454

California energy flow in 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992--1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy`s contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state`s largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1--1/2% of the total electric supply--up slightly from 1992. Several solar photo voltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy Procurements: A Review of Experience purchasers and electricity regulators must confront the reality that signed renewable energy contracts will not always yield operational projects on the timeline given in the contracts themselves. Renewable energy

456

Surface and Symmetry Energy Effects in Nuclear Multifragmentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been shown that the symmetry energy and the surface energy of hot fragments at the low-density freeze-out can be considerably modified. The influence of these changes on fragment yields and isotope distributions is discussed by analyzing recent ALADIN experimental data on spectator fragmentation at incident energy 600 A MeV.

Ogul, R. [Department of Physics, Selcuk University, 42079 Kampus, Konya (Turkey); Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Atav, U.; Buyukcizmeci, N. [Department of Physics, Selcuk University, 42079 Kampus, Konya (Turkey); Bianchin, S.; Napoli, M. de; Le Fevre, A.; Schwarz, C.; Sfienti, C.; Trautmann, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Botvina, A. S. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lukasik, J. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); NINP, Krakow (Poland); Mishustin, I. N. [FIAS, J.W. Goethe University, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Kurchatov Institute, Russian Research Center, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hyperon production at CERN SPS energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New experimental results of NA49 on hyperon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at the SPS energies are presented. In particular, measurements of $\\Lambda$ production at 30 A$\\cdot$GeV and $\\Xi$ and $\\Omega$ production at 40 A$\\cdot$GeV are shown. Transverse mass spectra and rapidity distributions of hyperons at different energies are compared. The energy dependence of the particle yields and ratios is discussed.

Michael Mitrovski; for the NA49 collaboration

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

458

Strangeness production at SPS energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a summary of measurements of strange particles performed by the experiment NA49 in central and minimum bias Pb+Pb collisions in the beam energy range 20A - 158A GeV. New results on Xi production in central Pb+Pb collisions and on Lambda, Xi production in minimum bias collisions are shown. Transverse mass spectra and rapidity distributions of strange particles at different energies are compared. The energy dependence of the particle yields and ratios is discussed. NA49 measurements of the Lambda and Xi enhancement factors are shown for the first time.

Michael Mitrovski

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

459

Industrial energy efficiency policy in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chinese industrial sector energy-efficiency policy has gone through a number of distinct phases since the founding of the People s Republic in 1949. An initial period of energy supply growth in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s was followed by implementation of significant energy efficiency programs in the 1980s. Many of these programs were dismantled in the 1990s during the continuing move towards a market-based economy. In an effort to once again strengthen energy efficiency, the Chinese government passes the Energy Conservation Law in 1997 which provides broad guidance for the establishment of energy efficiency policies. Article 20 of the Energy Conservation Law requires substantial improvement in industrial energy efficiency in the key energy-consuming industrial facilities in China. This portion of the Law declares that ''the State will enhance energy conservation management in key energy consuming entities.'' In 1999, the industrial sector consumed nearly 30 EJ, or 76 percent of China's primary energy. Even though primary energy consumption has dropped dramatically in recent years, due mostly to a decline in coal consumption, the Chinese government is still actively developing an overall policy for energy efficiency in the industrial sector modeled after policies in a number of industrialized countries. This paper will describe recent Chinese government activities to develop industrial sector energy-efficiency targets as a ''market-based'' mechanism for improving the energy efficiency of key industrial facilities.

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Sinton, Jonathan; Yun, Jiang

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Comparative Analysis of the Effect of Different Alkaline Catalysts on Biodiesel Yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: A major challenge in the biodiesel industry is the comparatively high cost of raw materials for production. A cost build-up analysis of biodiesel production from J. curcas oil shows that catalyst alone contributes about 50.9 % of the total production cost. This paper aims at highlighting the effects of two different commonly used catalysts on the yield of biodiesel. Samples of biodiesel were produced by three different methods namely single stage transesterification (SST), double stage transesterification (DST) and foolproof (FP) processes in which sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) were used. The effects of each catalyst on the production yield were analyzed and compared. NaOH gave production yields of 79%, 81% and 84 % for the SST, DST and FP processes respectively. KOH produced comparatively lower yields of 68%, 71 % and 75 % for SST, DST and fool proof processes respectively. Although the use of KOH slightly raises the cost of biodiesel production as compared to NaOH, the local production of KOH from cocoa husks could minimize the production cost. Abbreviations: BDF = Biodiesel fuel; PDF = Petroleum diesel fuel; DF = Diesel fuel Key words: Transesterification Alkaline catalysts Biodiesel yield Biodiesel KOH NaOH

Cynthia Ofori-boateng; Ebenezer M. Kwofie; Moses Y. Mensah

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The effect of premature wall yield on creep testing of strongly-flocculated suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring yielding in cohesive suspensions is often hampered by slip at measurement surfaces. This paper presents creep data for strongly-flocculated suspensions obtained using vane-in-cup tools with differing cup-to-vane diameter ratios. The three suspensions were titania and alumina aggregated at their isoelectric points and polymer-flocculated alumina. The aim was to find the diameter ratio where slip or premature yielding at the cup wall had no effect on the transient behaviour. The large diameter ratio results showed readily understandable material behaviour comprising linear viscoelasticity at low stresses, strain-softening close to yielding, time-dependent yield across a range of stresses and then viscous flow. Tests in small ratio geometries however showed more complex responses. Effects attributed to the cup wall included delayed softening, slip, multiple yielding and stick-slip events, and unsteady flow. The conclusion was that cups have to be relatively large to eliminate wall artefacts. A diameter ratio of three was sufficient in practice, although the minimum ratio must be material dependent.

Anthony D. Stickland; Ashish Kumar; Tiara E. Kusuma; Peter J. Scales; Amy Tindley; Simon Biggs; Richard Buscall

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal -- Task 5.1, Stability issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-sulfur subbituminous and lignite coals have high moisture content and, consequently, low heating value, leading to boiler derating in US midwestern and eastern utilities as well as switching and/or blending coals to achieve SO{sub 2} compliance. In the drive to develop cost-effective coal-drying processes, coal developers have focused on heat content of the products and generally neglected the critical stability issues of friability and dusting, moisture reabsorption, and spontaneous heating. The Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC), in an effort to establish new standards for dried products, has used established methods and has developed new ones to evaluate the propensity of lump western coals, raw and dried, to produce dust and absorb water. Three drying methods--air, hydrothermal, and saturated steam--were used to generate low-moisture upgraded products. New indices for dust generation and friability were determined to assess the effects of moisture removal and upgrading methodology on coal stability. Analysis of the dried coals using various strength tests indicated that the reduction in moisture made the lump coal unstable, yielding substantially higher dust and friability indices relative to those of the raw coals.

Anderson, C.M.; Musich, M.A.; Dewall, R.A.; Richter, J.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Partial wave analysis of J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a sample of 58 million J/{psi} events collected with the BESII detector at the BEPC, more than 100 000 J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0} events are selected, and a detailed partial wave analysis is performed. The branching fraction is determined to be Br(J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0})=(1.33{+-}0.02{+-}0.11)x10{sup -3}. A long-sought missing N*, first observed in J/{psi}{yields}pn{pi}{sup -}, is observed in this decay too, with mass and width of 2040{sub -4}{sup +3}{+-}25 MeV/c{sup 2} and 230{sub -8}{sup +8}{+-}52 MeV/c{sup 2}, respectively. Its spin-parity favors (3/2){sup +}. The masses, widths, and spin parities of other N* states are obtained as well.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Bai, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Yield enhancement of reconfigurable microfluidics-based biochips using interstitial redundancy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis are currently receiving much attention. They automate highly repetitive laboratory procedures by replacing cumbersome equipment with miniaturized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems become more complex, manufacturing yield will have significant influence on production volume and product cost. We propose an interstitial redundancy approach to enhance the yield of biochips that are based on droplet-based digital microfluidics. In this design method, spare cells are placed in the interstitial sites within the microfluidic array, and they replace neighboring faulty cells via local reconfiguration. The proposed design method is evaluated using a set of concurrent real-life bioassays. The defect-tolerant design approach based on space redundancy and local reconfiguration is expected to facilitate yield enhancement of microfluidics-based biochips, especially for the emerging marketplace.

Fei Su; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Note: A simple charge neutralization method for measuring the secondary electron yield of insulators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a simple and effective charge neutralization method for measuring the total electron-induced secondary electron yield of insulators in a measurement system with a single pulsed electron gun. In this method, the secondary electron collector is negatively biased with respect to the sample to force some emitted secondary electrons to return to the sample surface and therefore to neutralize positive charges accumulated in the sample during the previous measurement. The adequate negative bias is determined and the equilibrium state of negative charging is discussed. The efficacy of the method is demonstrated by the measured electron yields in the cases with and without charge neutralization and by comparison with existing electron yield data of polyimide.

Weng, Ming, E-mail: wengming@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Cao, Meng; Zhao, Hong-Juan; Zhang, Hai-Bo [Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education, Department of Electronic Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education, Department of Electronic Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy Reductions Using Next-Generation Remanufacturing Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop a radically new surface coating approach that greatly enhances the performance of thermal spray coatings. Rather than relying on a roughened grit blasted substrate surface for developing a mechanical bond between the coating and substrate, which is the normal practice with conventional thermal spraying, a hybrid approach of combining a focused laser beam to thermally treat the substrate surface in the vicinity of the rapidly approaching thermally-sprayed powder particles was developed. This new surface coating process is targeted primarily at enabling remanufacturing of components used in engines, drive trains and undercarriage systems; thereby providing a substantial global opportunity for increasing the magnitude and breadth of parts that are remanufactured through their life cycle, as opposed to simply being replaced by new components. The projected benefits of a new remanufacturing process that increases the quantity of components that are salvaged and reused compared to being fabricated from raw materials will clearly vary based on the specific industry and range of candidate components that are considered. At the outset of this project two different metal processing routes were considered, castings and forgings, and the prototypical components for each process were liners and crankshafts, respectively. The quantities of parts used in the analysis are based on our internal production of approximately 158,000 diesel engines in 2007. This leads to roughly 1,000,000 liners (assuming a mixture of 6- and 8-cylinder engines) and 158,000 crankshafts. Using energy intensity factors for casting and forgings, respectively, of 4450 and 5970 Btu-hr/lb along with the energy-induced CO2 generation factor of 0.00038 lbs CO2/Btu, energy savings of over 17 trillion BTUs and CO2 reductions of over 6.5 million lbs could potentially be realized by remanufacturing the above mentioned quantities of crankshafts and liners. This project supported the Industrial Technologies Program's initiative titled 'Industrial Energy Efficiency Grand Challenge.' To contribute to this Grand Challenge, we. pursued an innovative processing approach for the next generation of thermal spray coatings to capture substantial energy savings and green house gas emission reductions through the remanufacturing of steel and aluminum-based components. The primary goal was to develop a new thermal spray coating process that yields significantly enhanced bond strength. To reach the goal of higher coating bond strength, a laser was coupled with a traditional twin-wire arc (TWA) spray gun to treat the component surface (i.e., heat or partially melt) during deposition. Both ferrous and aluminum-based substrates and coating alloys were examined to determine what materials are more suitable for the laser-assisted twin-wire arc coating technique. Coating adhesion was measured by static tensile and dynamic fatigue techniques, and the results helped to guide the identification of appropriate remanufacturing opportunities that will now be viable due to the increased bond strength of the laser-assisted twin-wire arc coatings. The feasibility of the laser-assisted TWA (LATWA) process was successfully demonstrated in this current effort. Critical processing parameters were identified, and when these were properly controlled, a strong, diffusion bond was developed between the substrate and the deposited coating. Consequently, bond strengths were nearly doubled over those typically obtained using conventional grit-blast TWA coatings. Note, however, that successful LATWA processing was limited to ferrous substrates coated with steel coatings (e.g., 1020 and 1080 steel). With Al-based substrates, it was not possible to avoid melting a thin layer of the substrate during spraying, and this layer re-solidified to form a band of intermetallic phases at the substrate/coating interface, which significantly diminished the coating adhesion. The capability to significantly increase the bond strength with ferrous substrates and coatings may open new reman

Sordelet, Daniel; Racek, Ondrej

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

Soft Capacitors for Wave Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave energy harvesting could be a substantial renewable energy source without impact on the global climate and ecology, yet practical attempts have struggle d with problems of wear and catastrophic failure. An innovative technology for ocean wave energy harvesting was recently proposed, based on the use of soft capacitors. This study presents a realistic theoretical and numerical model for the quantitative characterization of this harvesting method. Parameter regio ns with optimal behavior are found, and novel material descriptors are determined which simplify analysis dramatically. The characteristics of currently ava ilable material are evaluated, and found to merit a very conservative estimate of 10 years for raw material cost recovery.

Karsten Ahnert; Markus Abel; Matthias Kollosche; Per Jrgen Jrgensen; Guggi Kofod

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Energy Efficiency in Process Plant Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of relative stability, the energy costs have risen substantially. Electricity rates vary by the hour and in some cases are tied to the price of natural gas. In a world of rising energy prices, it becomes important to optimize energy efficiency in design..., the and one for winter is helpful in the analysis. In overall boiler efficiency goes up by some situations, a third case for spring/fall approximately 1% for natural gas fuel. This may also be useful. also reduces fan power usage because the 2. Use low...

Aggarwal, S.

469

Light oil yield improvement project at Granite City Division Coke/By-Product Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light oil removal from coke oven gas is a process that has long been proven and utilized throughout many North American Coke/By-Products Plants. The procedures, processes, and equipment requirements to maximize light oil recovery at the Granite City By-Products Plant will be discussed. The Light Oil Yield Improvement Project initially began in July, 1993 and was well into the final phase by February, 1994. Problem solving techniques, along with utilizing proven theoretical recovery standards were applied in this project. Process equipment improvements and implementation of Operator/Maintenance Standard Practices resulted in an average yield increase of 0.4 Gals./NTDC by the end of 1993.

Holloran, R.A. [National Steel Corp., Granite City, IL (United States). Granite City Div.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Measurement of delayed neutron yields from {sup 235}U and {sup 238}U  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work is in progress at the University of Birmingham, UK, on the preliminary calibration of detectors and neutron beam characterisation required in order to carry out the accurate measurement of the total and absolute delayed neutron yields from the fast fission of uranium 235 and 238. The work is being undertaken in order to try and resolve the discrepancies that exist in the yield for the uranium 238 isotope. The University`s 3 MV Dynamitron accelerator is being used to produce the required neutron fluxes of 10{sup 9} neutrons per steradian per second, as generated via the D(d,n){sup 3}He reaction.

Kellett, M.A.; Weaver, D.R. [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom); Filip, A. [CEN Cadarache, St. Paul-les-Durance (France)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

New physics contribution to B{yields}K{pi} decays in soft collinear effective theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the 5{sigma} difference between the CP asymmetries of the B{sup 0{yields}}K{sup +{pi}-} and B{sup +{yields}}K{sup +{pi}0} decays within the soft collinear effective theory. We find that in the standard model, such a big difference cannot be achieved. We classify then the requirements for the possible New Physics models, which can be responsible for the experimental results. As an example of a New Physics model we study minimal supersymmetric models, and find that the measured asymmetry can be obtained with nonminimal flavor violation.

Huitu, K. [Department of Physics, and Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FIN-00014, University of Helsinki (Finland); Khalil, S. [Centre for Theoretical Physics, British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, 11837 (Egypt) and Department of Mathematics, Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo, 11566 (Egypt)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Combining ability of yield components and agronomic characteristics among selected Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench inbreds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parent which produces large seeded hybr ds According to the analysis of variance, gra'n yield did not appear to be significantly affe ted by female general con hiring ability (GCA i or spec' fic combining ab' 1' ty (SCA) . Female az'o male GCA... effects and SCA effects were significant for 300-seed weight, seeds per panicle, days to anthesis, plant height, panicle lencth, exsertion, and threshing percentage. In most cases the interact or. witl years was also important. GCA effects for yield...

Smith, Leslie Kay

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Effect of a "major" dwarfing gene on grain yield and other agronomic traits in oat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF A "MAJOR" DWARFING GENE ON GRAIN YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC TRAITS IN OAT A Thesis by JULIANO LUIZ DE ALMEIDA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1994 Major Subject: Plant Breeding EFFECT OF A "MAJOR" DWARFING GENE ON GRAIN YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC TRAITS IN OAT A Thesis by JULIANO LUIZ DE ALMEIDA Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Almeida, Juliano Luiz de

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Energy Saver | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Save Energy, Save Money Start 2015 with an EnergyResolution to Save Money and Energy All Year Long Start 2015 with an EnergyResolution to Save Money and Energy All Year Long...

475

Terminology Radiant Energy (J)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terminology Radiant Energy (J) Add time Radiant Flux (J/s) add area Hemispherical Directional add wavelengthadd wavelength Most sensors yield these values I M L L E #12;r dA0 dA1 Source Receiver d0 = dA1cos1 r = d2·r2 dA0cos0 dA1cos1 #12;r dA0 dA1 dA1cos1 Source Receiver L1L0 1 d1 = dA0cos0 r2 L = d2 d

Herrick, Robert R.

476

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and Environmental Systems Laboratory, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York,Energy and Environmental Systems Laboratory, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York,

Destaillats, Hugo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Nonadiabatic reactive scattering in atom+triatom systems: Nascent rovibronic distributions in F+H{sub 2}O{yields}HF+OH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crossed supersonic jet studies of F+H{sub 2}O{yields}HF+OH({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2},{sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) have been performed under low density, single collision conditions at E{sub com}=6(2) kcal/mol, yielding rotational, vibrational, and spin-orbit state distributions in the nascent OH product by laser induced fluorescence methods. The lowest reaction barriers on the ground and first excited electronic surfaces are {Delta}E{approx_equal}4 kcal/mol and {Delta}E{approx_equal}25 kcal/mol, correlating with OH({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2}) and OH({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}), respectively. Although only reactions on the ground state potential are Born-Oppenheimer allowed at the experimental collision energies, both ground and excited spin-orbit OH products are observed in a {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2}:{sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}=69(1)%:31(1)% branching ratio. This indicates the presence of strong nonadiabatic surface hopping interactions, in agreement with previous results for the F+D{sub 2}O{yields}DF+OD reaction. Despite clear differences in the rotational distributions between F+H{sub 2}O and F+D{sub 2}O isotopic reactions, the overall electronic branching into spin-orbit manifolds is nearly identical for both OH and OD products. Furthermore, when plotted versus total electronic+rotational energy, the nascent OH and OD populations each lie on single curves, with pronounced kinks in the Boltzmann plots suggestive of microscopic branching in the reaction dynamics. Such an equivalence of electronic and rotational energy release in the OH/OD products is consistent with predominantly nonadiabatic processes taking place in the immediate post-transition state region rather than asymptotically in the exit channel.

Ziemkiewicz, Michael; Nesbitt, David J. [JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States) and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)

2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Affordable Solar Energy Solar Powder is a solar-energy company that has developed an innovative technology that will set a new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affordable Solar Energy Solar Powder is a solar-energy company that has developed an innovative technology that will set a new low cost point for solar energy. The company plans to manufacture and distribute high-efficiency, high yield, low cost solar panels. The company is making green energy more

Jawitz, James W.

479

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Summary of Input to DOE Request for Information DE FOA, stationary, portable power, and early market applications. Comments on the existing DOE targets and justification for any proposed modifications. Topics to be included in the potential workshop / pre

480

Energy 101: Geothermal Energy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

None

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "yield substantial energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Energy 101: Geothermal Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

None

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

482

Model independent measurement of form factors in the decay D{sup +}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present model independent measurements of the helicity basis form factors in the decay D{sup +}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e} obtained from about 2 800 decays reconstructed from a 281 pb{sup -1} data sample collected at the {psi}(3770) center-of-mass energy with the CLEO-c detector. We confirm the existence of a previously observed spin-zero K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} component interfering with the K*{sup 0} amplitude. We see no evidence for additional d- or f-wave contributions.

Shepherd, M. R. [Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Besson, D. [University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States); Pedlar, T. K. [Luther College, Decorah, Iowa 52101 (United States); Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Gao, K. Y.; Gong, D. T.; Hietala, J.; Kubota, Y.; Klein, T.; Lang, B. W.; Poling, R.; Scott, A. W.; Smith, A.; Zweber, P. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Dobbs, S.; Metreveli, Z.; Seth, K. K.; Tomaradze, A. [Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Ernst, J. [State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States); Severini, H. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)] (and others)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Observation of a Near-Threshold {omega}J/{psi} Mass Enhancement in Exclusive B{yields}K{omega}J/{psi} Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of a near-threshold enhancement in the {omega}J/{psi} invariant mass distribution for exclusive B{yields}K{omega}J/{psi} decays. The results are obtained from a 253 fb{sup -1} data sample that contains 275x10{sup 6} BB pairs that were collected near the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. The statistical significance of the {omega}J/{psi} mass enhancement is estimated to be greater than 8{sigma}.

Choi, S.-K. [Gyeongsang National University, Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Olsen, S.L.; Browder, T.E.; Fang, F.; Trabelsi, K.; Varner, G. [University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Abe, K.; Adachi, I.; Gershon, T.; Hastings, N.C.; Hazumi, M.; Ishikawa, A.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Nishida, S.; Sagawa, H.; Sakai, Y. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] [and others

2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

Nuclear Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Energy Idaho National Laboratory is the Department of Energy's lead nuclear energy research and development facility. Building upon its legacy responsibilities,...

485

Energy Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department is focusing on an all-of-the-above energy policy, investing in all sources of American energy.

486

Photochemistry of Matrix-Isolated and Thin Film Acid Chlorides: Quantum Yields and Product Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the differences between gas- and condensed-phase photochemistry strengthens our understanding of many, and well-known gas-phase reaction mechanisms are often modified in the condensed phase or completely the photoreaction of condensed acid chloride samples by comparison of reaction quantum yields for acetyl (CH3COCl

Ellison, Barney

487

NNSA Defense Programs Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and High Yield Campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion and National Ignition Facility Project Dr. Christopher J. Keane NA-16 Office of Inertial Scott L. Samuelson NA-162 NA-10 * = stationed in Albuquerque #12;5 Militarily Effective Yield Fission concepts (pulsed power fusion, "fast ignition", petawatt lasers) 4. Maintain robust national program

488

2012 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bush cranberry test; 56-entry kidney test; 56-entry preliminary kidney test; 5- entry mayacoba test; 64 organic trials in Tuscola county. All trials were direct harvested except for kidney, cranberry, drought yields were recorded in the kidney and cranberry trials. Screening for resistance to common bacterial

489

Method and apparatus for increasing the durability and yield of thin film photovoltaic devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thin film photovoltaic cells having a pair of semiconductor layers between an opaque and a transparent electrical contact are manufactured in a method which includes the step of scanning one of the semiconductor layers to determine the location of any possible shorting defect. Upon the detection of such defect, the defect is eliminated to increase the durability and yield of the photovoltaic device.

Phillips, James E. (Newark, DE); Lasswell, Patrick G. (Newark, DE)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Exploiting Historical Data and Diverse Germplasm to Increase Maize Grain Yield in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................................................... 7 Drought stress and lipid peroxidation ........................................................................ 8 Production of ROS species during drought stress and scavenging mechanisms ....... 9 Role of lipoxygenases in drought stress... for the top five hybrids per year tested in the Texas AgriLife Corn Performance trials from 2000 to 2010 .......................... 44 3.7. Genotypic BLUPs for grain yield for all the hybrids tested in the High Plains...

Barrero Farfan, Ivan D.

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

491

Plant-to-Plant Uniformity is Essential for Optimum Yield in No-Till Continuous Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of compromises and consequences. Possible compromises include increased soil erosion, reduced air and water-drained soils in a crop rotation are comparable to yields produced using conventional tillage -- provided and development and provides remedies for alleviating them. OPTIMIZING CONSERVATION TILLAGE SYSTEMS Figure 1

Holland, Jeffrey

492

Sediment storage by vegetation in steep bedrock landscapes: Theory, experiments, and implications for postfire sediment yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment storage by vegetation in steep bedrock landscapes: Theory, experiments, and implications for postfire sediment yield Michael P. Lamb,1 Mariya Levina,1 Roman A. DiBiase,1 and Brian M. Fuller1 Received 26 September 2012; revised 6 March 2013; accepted 8 March 2013. [1] Mechanistic models for sediment

493

Modeling of the interactions between forest vegetation, disturbances, and sediment yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of the interactions between forest vegetation, disturbances, and sediment yields Erkan on the frequency and magnitude of sediment delivery from a small watershed ($3.9 km2 ) in the Idaho batholith weathering and the divergence of diffusive sediment transport on hillslopes. Soil removal is due to episodic

Tarboton, David

494

Distributed sediment yield modelling: Importance of initial sediment Gianbattista Bussi a,*, Flix Francs a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed sediment yield modelling: Importance of initial sediment conditions Gianbattista Bussi April 2014 Available online Keywords: Sediment modelling Soil erosion River network deposits Initial conditions Sediment hysteresis loop a b s t r a c t The importance of initial sediment conditions on model

Julien, Pierre Y.

495

Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb, sinkholes and other drainage features control the temporal and spatial pattern of sediment storage across the landscape. However, studies dealing with sedimentation in karst watersheds are scarce and the sediment

Hart, Evan

496

Hierarchical Silica Nanostructures Inspired by Diatom Algae Yield Superior Deformability, Toughness, and Strength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Silica Nanostructures Inspired by Diatom Algae Yield Superior Deformability, Toughness algae that is mainly composed of amorphous silica, which features a hierarchical structure that ranges in diatom algae as a basis to study a bioinspired nanoporous material implemented in crystalline silica. We

Buehler, Markus J.

497

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development August 2006 To further characterize changes in functional brain development that are associated in the direction predicted by the endpoint analysis. We conclude that the patterns of brain activation associated

498

Generalized Storage-Reliability-Yield equations for rainwater harvesting Lars S. Hanson1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and suburban areas. As the variable costs of rainwater collection tend to be quite small, the largest economic1 Generalized Storage-Reliability-Yield equations for rainwater harvesting systems Lars S. Hanson1 and Environmental Engineering, MassachusettsInstitute of Technology, Cambridge, MA Abstract: Although rainwater

Vogel, Richard M.

499

Surface studies and implanted helium measurements following NOVA high-yield DT experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of three March 6, 1996 direct-drive high-yield DT NOVA experiments and provides `proof-of-principal` results for the quantitative measurement of energetic He ions. Semiconductor quality Si wafers and an amorphous carbon wafer were exposed to NOVA high-yield implosions. Surface damage was sub-micron in general, although the surface ablation was slightly greater for the carbon wafer than for the Si wafers. Melting of a thin ({approx} 0.1{mu}) layer of Si was evident from microscopic investigation. Electron microscopy indicated melted blobs of many different metals (e.g. Al, Au, Ta, Fe alloys, Cu and even Cd) on the surfaces. The yield measured by determining the numbers of atoms of implanted {sup 4}He and {sup 3}He indicate the number of DT fusions to be 9.1({plus_minus}2.3) X 10{sup 12} and DD fusions to be 4.8({plus_minus}1.0) x 10{sup 10}, respectively. The helium DT fusion yield is slightly lower than that of the Cu activation measurement, which was 1.3({plus_minus}0.l) x 10{sup 13} DT fusions.

Stoyer, M.A.; Hudson, G.B.

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

500

RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES Jwo PAN Stress; in recked form 29 Norember 1982) &tract-When crystalline slip is considered as the micromechanism of plastic sensitivity of plastic flow may be central to understanding the ambiguous conclusions from experimental