Sample records for yield cumulative retirements

  1. Neutron source capability assessment for cumulative fission yields measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Descalle, M A; Dekin, W; Kenneally, J

    2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent analysis of high-quality cumulative fission yields data for Pu-239 published in the peer-reviewed literature showed that the quoted experimental uncertainties do not allow a clear statement on how the fission yields vary as a function of energy. [Prussin2009] To make such a statement requires a set of experiments with well 'controlled' and understood sources of experimental errors to reduce uncertainties as low as possible, ideally in the 1 to 2% range. The Inter Laboratory Working Group (ILWOG) determined that Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) would benefit from an experimental program with the stated goal to reduce the measurement uncertainties significantly in order to make a definitive statement of the relationship of energy dependence to the cumulative fission yields. Following recent discussions between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), there is a renewed interest in developing a concerted experimental program to measure fission yields in a neutron energy range from thermal energy (0.025 eV) to 14 MeV with an emphasis on discrete energies from 0.5 to 4 MeV. Ideally, fission yields would be measured at single energies, however, in practice there are only 'quasi-monoenergetic' neutrons sources of finite width. This report outlines a capability assessment as of June 2011 of available neutron sources that could be used as part of a concerted experimental program to measure cumulative fission yields. In a framework of international collaborations, capabilities available in the United States, at the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) in the United Kingdom and at the Commissariat Energie Atomique (CEA) in France are listed. There is a need to develop an experimental program that will reduce the measurement uncertainties significantly in order to make a definitive statement of the relationship of energy dependence to the cumulative fission yields. Fission and monoenergetic neutron sources are available that could support these fission yield experiments in the US, as well as at AWE and CEA. Considerations that will impact the final choice of experimental venues are: (1) Availability during the timeframe of interest; (2) Ability to accommodate special nuclear materials; (3) Cost; (4) Availability of counting facilities; and (5) Expected experimental uncertainties.

  2. Investigation of inconsistent ENDF/B-VII.1 independent and cumulative fission product yields with proposed revisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pigni, Marco T [ORNL; Francis, Matthew W [ORNL; Gauld, Ian C [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent implementation of ENDF/B-VII. independent fission product yields and nuclear decay data identified inconsistencies in the data caused by the use of updated nuclear scheme in the decay sub-library that is not reflected in legacy fission product yield data. Recent changes in the decay data sub-library, particularly the delayed neutron branching fractions, result in calculated fission product concentrations that are incompatible with the cumulative fission yields in the library, and also with experimental measurements. A comprehensive set of independent fission product yields was generated for thermal and fission spectrum neutron induced fission for 235,238U and 239,241Pu in order to provide a preliminary assessment of the updated fission product yield data consistency. These updated independent fission product yields were utilized in the ORIGEN code to evaluate the calculated fission product inventories with experimentally measured inventories, with particular attention given to the noble gases. An important outcome of this work is the development of fission product yield covariance data necessary for fission product uncertainty quantification. The evaluation methodology combines a sequential Bayesian method to guarantee consistency between independent and cumulative yields along with the physical constraints on the independent yields. This work was motivated to improve the performance of the ENDF/B-VII.1 library in the case of stable and long-lived cumulative yields due to the inconsistency of ENDF/B-VII.1 fission p;roduct yield and decay data sub-libraries. The revised fission product yields and the new covariance data are proposed as a revision to the fission yield data currently in ENDF/B-VII.1.

  3. retirement dinner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Mathematics • West Lafayette, Indiana • July 2004. Professor ... tenure as head of the Mathematics Department (1997-2002), the department received a .... from its franchisers, as well as 25 J.D. Power and Associates ... career of Professor Justin J. Price at a retirement dinner .... Virginia Mashin Scholarship.

  4. Before Retiring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplex historian ...BESFor41Before Retiring Before

  5. Retirement Benefits Jeff Houser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacant Retirement Benefits Specialist Jeff Houser Director, Recruiting & Staffing Services for Early Education Kimberly Abel Director, Professional Development Heather Wainer Information Baker Retirement Administration Manager Lisa Vaccaro Compensation Manager Jeff Houser Interim

  6. Harvest Your Retirement income options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    previous generations You're going to have a longer retirement (retire early, and live longer) YouHarvest Your Savings Retirement income options using your SFU Group LIF/RRIF #12;Agenda 1. Your retirement income needs 2. Where will your retirement money come from? 3. Retirement accounts and products 4

  7. Retirement Planning TimeLine MPSERS Retirement Plan Participant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    early in your career! Your MPSERS retirement pension is based on your best 3 years (MIP plan) or 5 years- it is never too early to plan for your retirement! · Know what plan you are in - MIP or Basic. · Review your1 Retirement Planning TimeLine MPSERS Retirement Plan Participant Retirement planning is essential

  8. SEPARATION FROM EMPLOYMENT RESIGNATION & RETIREMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    payment of wages. Faculty members participating in the Faculty Early Retirement Program (FERPSEPARATION FROM EMPLOYMENT RESIGNATION & RETIREMENT HUMAN RESOURCES POLICY Human Resources | One SUBJECT: SEPARATION FROM EMPLOYMENT - RESIGNATION & RETIREMENT DATE: March 2007 I. PURPOSE / DESCRIPTION

  9. Harvest Your 1. Your retirement income needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    to live longer than previous generations You're going to have a longer retirement (retire early, and liveHarvest Your Savings #12;Agenda 1. Your retirement income needs 2. Where will your retirement money come from? 3. Retirement accounts and products 4. Sun Life Financial's retirement services #12;Income

  10. UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RETIREMENT POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RETIREMENT POLICY (Amended and Restated Effective: July 1, 2002) (Execution of all benefits under the University of Oklahoma Retirement Policy. Any conflict between the terms, modify or terminate the Policy at any time. #12;UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RETIREMENT POLICY (Formerly

  11. Retirement ................................................................................................... 1 Comparison Chart................................................................................... 2 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    . The University of Memphis offers two retirement programs, the Tennessee Consolidated Retirement System (TCRS paid on an hourly or bi-weekly basis will be enrolled in the Tennessee Consolidated Retirement System for a comparison of Optional Retirement Program and the Tennessee Consolidated Retirement System. · TN Consolidated

  12. Retirement Benefits Scheme Benefiting from membership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    7 Temporary absence 8 Part-time employment 8 Normal retirement 8 Late retirement 9 Early retirementRetirement Benefits Scheme Benefiting from membership: Your guide to the Scheme www 9 Incapacity retirement 10 Cash sum options 10 Pension increases 10 Paymeny of pension 10 Leaving

  13. Wi$eUp Retirement Planning Basicswww.wiseupwomen.org 7-1 Retirement Planning Basics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is important to women, the importance of investing early for retirement, how to estimate retirement incomeWi$eUp ­ Retirement Planning Basicswww.wiseupwomen.org 7-1 Chapter 7. Retirement Planning Basics Retirement planning is important for everyone, but especially for women. Even if retirement is many years

  14. Retirement | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-Ray ScatteringBenefits » Retirement

  15. Early retirement for weaponeers?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weisman, J.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Energy`s Lawrence Livermore Laboratory`s once-vital nuclear weapons division is now in dire straits. The laboratory was established in 1952, during the titanic struggle over the hydrogen bomb, has grown steadily from $7 million to its peak of $1.1 billion in 1991. The future for key members of their most experienced weapons design team is uncertain. Over the past two years, Livermore`s operating budget has fallen by 12.5 percent or $127.6 million. Nearly 750 employees, 10 percent of the work force, accepted early retirement offers last year. Further budget cuts will force another 300 to 600 personnel out by the end of 1995. The future resides in the U.S. Congress.

  16. New Paths to Retirement Joseph F. Quinn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    -war early retirement trend -- the fact that older men were leaving the labor force earlier and earlierNew Paths to Retirement April 1998 Joseph F. Quinn Department of Economics Boston College Chestnut will be presented at the Pension Research Council conference on "Forecasting Retirement Needs and Retirement Wealth

  17. HANDBOOK FOR RETIREES After Retirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    HANDBOOK FOR RETIREES After Retirement Information and Resources for Bowling Green State University Retirees Sponsored by: Bowling Green State University Office of Development and Office of Human Resources Bowling Green State University Retirees Association (BGSURA) #12;CONTENTS Overview

  18. FACULTY EARLY RETIREMENT PROGRAM Request Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    FACULTY EARLY RETIREMENT PROGRAM Request Form INSTRUCTIONS: This form is to be used by faculty to request participation in the Faculty Early Retirement Program (FERP) or to request a change in FERP status

  19. Are Traditional Retirements a Thing of the Past? New Evidence on Retirement Patterns and Bridge Jobs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    that many older workers could retire early, supported by Social Security, defined-benefit pension plans early retirement benefit eligibility, and higher Social Security taxes or other government revenuesAre Traditional Retirements a Thing of the Past? New Evidence on Retirement Patterns and Bridge

  20. Retirement TimeLine TIAA-CREF/Fidelity Retirement Plan Participant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is essential early in your career! Your TIAA-CREF/Fidelity retirement account is based on the University retirement accounts ­ it is never too early to plan for your retirement! · Review your TIAA you retire? It's important to begin early in researching the types of available pre and post 65

  1. PENSION PLAN/OPTIONAL RETIREMENT PROGRAM COMPARISON CHART State Retirement and Pension System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adali, Tulay

    in certain situations. Early Retirement Current Members & Transfers: 55 with 15 years of service -- reduced of service -- reduced .5% for every month before age 65 No early retirement provision; distribution beforePENSION PLAN/OPTIONAL RETIREMENT PROGRAM COMPARISON CHART State Retirement and Pension System (SRPS

  2. Human Resources FLEXIBLE RETIREMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    %. Pension benefits taken before the schemes' normal pension age may be subject to an early retirement1 of 10 Human Resources May 2012 FLEXIBLE RETIREMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURE #12;2 of 10 1. Purpose of the University Pension schemes which operates a flexible retirement scheme, and establishes guidelines

  3. Retirement Guide Norman -Oklahoma City -Tulsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Retirement Guide Norman - Oklahoma City - Tulsa IMPORTANT NOTICE: The Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma reserves the right to change any benefit plans at any time. This document is only.....................................................................................05 Participation Contributions Vesting Termination Prior To Retirement Retirement Benefits Oklahoma

  4. DESIGNING BENEFIT RULES FOR FLEXIBLE RETIREMENT: WELFARE VS. REDISTRIBUTION*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tóth, János

    these incentives are dysfunctional: they hardly sanction early retirement and they hardly support late retirementDESIGNING BENEFIT RULES FOR FLEXIBLE RETIREMENT: WELFARE VS. REDISTRIBUTION* P. ESÕ ­ A. SIMONOVITS) With flexible (variable) retirement every individual determines his optimal retirement age, depend- ing

  5. Appendix F Computer System Retirement Guidelines

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The guide establishes the process for the orderly retirement of information systems regardless of software platform or size, both classified and unclassified.

  6. FACULTY CHECKLIST FOR RETIREMENT Your retirement represents so many things to you and to Stanford University. We want your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalta, Edward N.

    personal retirement project plan. Starting the process early will ensure that your retirement savings plansFACULTY CHECKLIST FOR RETIREMENT Your retirement represents so many things to you and to Stanford University. We want your retirement experience to be a positive one, but you are an important component

  7. Women's Personality, Work, and Retirement in the Mills Longitudinal Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Linda Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    security during the early-retirement age of 70 and less59 to 70: Work and retirement Timing of early work: Careertheir retirement in various ways by their early 60s. These

  8. Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental Policy Act Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental Policy Act This handbook presents the...

  9. Frequently Asked Questions Pre-Retirement Planning Guide Epilogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    planning until they are in their early to mid 50s, if then. This Pre-Retirement Planning Guide canFrequently Asked Questions Pre-Retirement Planning Guide ­ Epilogue The following are the answers information for the Pre-Retirement Planning Guide. What makes this Pre-Retirement Planning Guide unique? I

  10. 9/2/2014 Professor Kostic's EarlyRetirement and Start of New Post-Retirement Career http://www.kostic.niu.edu/Kostic-Early_Retirement.htm 1/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    9/2/2014 Professor Kostic's EarlyRetirement and Start of New Post-Retirement Career http://www.kostic.niu.edu/Kostic-Early_Retirement.htm 1/1 Professor Kostic's Early Retirement and Start of a New Post-Retirement Career Summer 2014 Dear of the Illinois' State-universities retirement-law changes (SURS) and a favorite opportunity for my early

  11. Dog Earns Retirement with Former Handler

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – Dax, a male German shepherd in the Savannah River Site’s (SRS) security canine unit, recently earned retirement by joining the family of one of his former trainers.

  12. CHALLENGES POSED BY RETIRED RUSSIAN NUCLEAR SUBMARINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudolph, Dieter; Kroken, Ingjerd; Latyshev, Eduard; Griffith, Andrew

    2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the challenges posed by retired Russian nuclear submarines, review current U.S. and International efforts and provide an assessment of the success of these efforts.

  13. Marginal, Erodible Land Retirement Policy (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is state policy to encourage the retirement of marginal, highly erodible land, particularly land adjacent to public waters and drainage systems, from crop production and to reestablish a cover...

  14. Preparation à la retraite - Preparing for retirement

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Retirement implies an important change from a working environment to a new lifestyle. Every individual copes with this transition in his own way. In this video, registered already a few years ago, Dr. Sartorius from WHO addresses some of his colleagues close to retirement and explains what situations they can expect to encounter. We make this video available to CERN personnel to stimulate their own thinking on the subject.

  15. Cumulant expansions for atmospheric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ait-Chaalal, Farid; Meyer, Bettina; Marston, J B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The equations governing atmospheric flows are nonlinear, and consequently the hierarchy of cumulant equations is not closed. But because atmospheric flows are inhomogeneous and anisotropic, the nonlinearity may manifests itself only weakly through interactions of mean fields with disturbances such as thermals or eddies. In such situations, truncations of the hierarchy of cumulant equations hold promise as a closure strategy. We review how truncations at second order can be used to model and elucidate the dynamics of turbulent atmospheric flows. Two examples are considered. First, we study the growth of a dry convective boundary layer, which is heated from below, leading to turbulent upward energy transport and growth of the boundary layer. We demonstrate that a quasilinear truncation of the equations of motion, in which interactions of disturbances among each other are neglected but interactions with mean fields are taken into account, can successfully capture the growth of the convective boundary layer. Seco...

  16. C:\\Data\\Marsha\\Day files\\dayfiles 2011\\retirementplanningatanyagewebsites.doc/1/23/2013/kh Helpful Retirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    an Early Retirement Offer (Iowa State University): www.extension.iastate.edu/finances/personal/ Retirement Web sites Updated: January 2013 Retirement Calculators 1. AARP Retirement Calculators http://www.aarp.org/work/retirement-planning/retirement.choosetosave.org/ballpark 3. eXtension Financial Security: Retirement Planning www.extension.org/pages/Financial_Security:_Retirement

  17. U of O Retired Staff Parking Permit Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cina, Jeff

    U of O Retired Staff Parking Permit Application Please Print Last Name Faculty Retired Non-tenure track instructor Retired Officer of Research Type of parking permit desired (no cost for permit) Payment Method: I intend to pay immediately, in full, using cash, check, Visa orf

  18. Division of Human Resources Retirement Renewed Membership & Reemployment Restrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Division of Human Resources Retirement Renewed Membership & Reemployment Restrictions Questions employer after you have been retired for 12 calendar months. #12;Division of Human Resources Retirement Renewed Membership & Reemployment Restrictions Questions (813) 974-2970 Rev. 02/2012 If you are reemployed

  19. RETIREMENT TRENDS AND POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE WORK AMONG OLDER AMERICANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    retirement over much of the last century. Many public policies and private institutions that encouraged early are to be believed, most workers favor preserving the institutions that allow early retirement even if it meansRETIREMENT TRENDS AND POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE WORK AMONG OLDER AMERICANS by GARY BURTLESS AND JOSEPH

  20. Human Resources PROCEDURE FOR RETIREMENT FROM THE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    are encouraged to take independent financial advice before making a decision about early retirement andHuman Resources April 2012 PROCEDURE FOR RETIREMENT FROM THE UNIVERSITY 1 of 4 #12;1. PURPOSE, staff and HR in relation to an employee retiring from the University's employment. The policy will help

  1. UC BERKELEY RETIREMENT CENTER NEWSLETTER 2 Boalt Hall, #7200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    UC BERKELEY RETIREMENT CENTER NEWSLETTER CONTACT US 2 Boalt Hall, #7200 Berkeley, CA 94720-7200 Tel their proposal for a Retirement Center that would include programs and services for all retired Berkeley faculty in 1990. If not for those early efforts and the spirit of collaboration that still guides its growth

  2. Mortality transition and differential incentives for early retirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mortality transition and differential incentives for early retirement Hippolyte d'Albis Sau for early retirement; years- to-consume effect; lifetime human wealth effect We are grateful to Robert. In this article, we continue this line of inquiry by studying the differential incentives for early retirement

  3. WORKING PAPER N 2010 -04 Senior activity rate, retirement incentives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Blake Marc Sangnier JEL Codes: Z10, J14, J22 Keywords: Early retirement incentives, labor relations trust. JEL Codes: Z10, J14, J22 Keywords: Early retirement incentives, labor relations, seniors activityWORKING PAPER N° 2010 - 04 Senior activity rate, retirement incentives and labor relations Hélène

  4. The Microeconomics of the Retirement Decision in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    and societal concerns about recent early retirement trends, especially in the context of increasing lifeThe Microeconomics of the Retirement Decision in the United States February 6, 1998 Joseph Quinn was the "purchase" of additional leisure late in life -- earlier retirement. The combination of longer and healthier

  5. Has the Early Retirement Trend Reversed? Joseph F. Quinn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Has the Early Retirement Trend Reversed? Joseph F. Quinn Department of Economics Boston College: figures 2.1 and 2.2; tables 2A.1 and 2A.2) has argued persuasively that this early retirement trend began.7 25.8 20.9 14.7 Age Source: Burkhauser and Quinn (1997: table 1), updated #12;3 The early retirement

  6. The Labour Market, Retirement and Disability November 6, 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    -war era has been the dramatic decrease in the labor force activity of older men. This early retirement commenced in 1992. Since the mid-1980s, however, the early retirement trend among older American men has labor supply patterns. #12;3 This paper will focus on the American experience.1 The early retirement

  7. Early Retirement Using Leveraged Investments Dean P. Foster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Dean P.

    Early Retirement Using Leveraged Investments Dean P. Foster Statistics Department University should invest for retirement, focusing on the risk/return tradeoff that must be made over time figures, we find that the optimal strategy while working is highly leveraged. While traditional retirement

  8. Checkpointed Early Load Retirement Nevin Kirman Meyrem Kirman Mainak Chaudhuri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirer, Emin Gun

    Checkpointed Early Load Retirement Nevin Kirman Meyrem Kirman Mainak Chaudhuri£ Jos´e F. Mart propose checkpointed early load retirement, a mechanism that combines register check- pointing and back-value prediction to consumers, and (3) EARly-retiring the long-latency load. This unclogs the ROB, thereby

  9. IRS Contribution Limits and OSU Retirement Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Impact: OTRS requires contributions on total compensation (salary plus benefits) without regardIRS Contribution Limits and OSU Retirement Programs The OSU Defined Contribution Plan (DCP), (for Revenue Code 401(a). The Internal Revenue Code restrictions on employer-paid contributions make

  10. Retirement Transcript Slide1. Welcome to Florida State University, this section is an overview of the Retirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    date. As long as you are vested under the plan, you may choose to retire early, before reachingRetirement Transcript Slide1. Welcome to Florida State University, this section is an overview of the Retirement options available to all salaried USPS, A& P, and faculty employees. We are pleased to offer

  11. Retirement Income Plan Summary Yeshiva University's Retirement Income Plan, also known as the Basic Plan, is a defined

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmons, Scott

    Retirement Income Plan Summary Yeshiva University's Retirement Income Plan, also known as the Basic are immediately vested in your contributions to the any of the University's retirement plans. If you are eligible% early withdrawal penalty. Defaulted loans may also impact your eligibility to request additional loans

  12. Retirement: Sticking around "Academics who delay retirement could create roadblocks for early-career researchers" Virginia Gewin (2012) Nature 483:233-235. Published online: 07 March 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Retirement: Sticking around "Academics who delay retirement could create roadblocks for early and lecturers to retire over the next decade. But this is not the ideal situation for young academics it seems to be. Faculty members are delaying their retirement and, increasingly, vacated permanent posts

  13. Franklin to be Retired April 30, 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy Forrestal GarageD.ChargeFranklin to be Retired

  14. Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleg Mazonka

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

  15. Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazonka, Oleg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

  16. Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    September 30, 2014 Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through September 30, 2014 Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through...

  17. Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through June 30, 2013 Graph of cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through June 30, 2013. OE...

  18. Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4 Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through June 30, 2014 Cumulative Federal Payments to OE Recovery Act Recipients, through June 30, 2014. OE ARRA...

  19. Post Retirement Employment Form Division of Human Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Post Retirement Employment Form Division of Human Resources Phone (813)974-2970 / Fax (813)974-5227 / SVC 2172 Questions (813) 974-2970 Human Resources / Employment Center Rev. 02/2012 In accordance with the Post Retirement Employment Policy, this form is required for instances of retiree re-employment

  20. UC BERKELEY RETIREMENT CENTER NEWSLETTER 2 Boalt Hall, #7200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    UC BERKELEY RETIREMENT CENTER NEWSLETTER CONTACT US 2 Boalt Hall, #7200 Berkeley, CA 94720-7200 Tel Director It is hard to believe that the Retirement Center is beginning the tenth year of its expanded Associations at Cal in the late 70's and early 80's were also instrumental in developing a support structure

  1. Resolution on the retirement of Martin L. Zelin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    Resolution on the retirement of Martin L. Zelin Adopted by the Faculty of Arts, Sciences and Engineering Today marks the retirement of Professor of Psychology Martin L. Zelin after 38 years of service and had one of the first accounts on one of our early shared access systems. He also has served

  2. Progress in Recycling of Retired Cadmium-Telluride Photovoltaic Modules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Progress in Recycling of Retired Cadmium- Telluride Photovoltaic Modules Postdoctoral: Wenming Wang-Talk Program July 21, 2005 #12;Recycling Retired Photovoltaic Modules to Valuable Products, Where Are We.M., Feasibility of Recycling of Cadmium-Telluride Photovoltaics, Presented at 134th TMS Annual Meeting &Exhibition

  3. RetiRement CenteR mission statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    's newsletter offers a harvest of educational, fun, and retirement management programs. We recognize that life programs and services that contribute to the well being and creativity of retired faculty, staff these programs help you to engage both as well as possible. Medical Plan Information Day ­ Fall is open

  4. Retirement Trends and Patterns in the 1990s: The End of an Era?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    of older men -- the well-known early retirement trend. In 1950, nearly three-quarters of all 65 year old clearly. The early retirement trend among older America men certainly appears to be over. The retirementRetirement Trends and Patterns in the 1990s: The End of an Era?1 Joseph F. Quinn Department

  5. EM’s Lowell Ely Retires from 35-Year Career

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Lowell Ely recently retired as director of EM's Office of Project Assessment, ending a federal career that spanned all phases of engineering, including design, construction and oversight of major projects.

  6. Essays on the economics of public sector retirement programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Gregory Quick

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the influence of retiree health and pension policies on the retirement decisions of public sector employees. Chapter one documents the central role of eligibility for subsidized retiree health ...

  7. Fuel costs and the retirement of capital goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goolsbee, Austan Dean

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the effect that energy prices and market conditions have on the retirement rates of capital goods using new micro data on aircraft lifetimes and fuel costs. The oil shocks of the 1970s made fuel intensive ...

  8. Notice of Intention: Unreduced Early Retirement 1. This form should be used if you wish to participate in the unreduced early retirement program. For this program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Notice of Intention: Unreduced Early Retirement 1. This form should be used if you wish to participate in the unreduced early retirement program. For this program faculty members must be age 60 or more early retirement program must be submitted to your Unit Head at least one year in advance

  9. Going Deeper in the Heart of Texas Helps Retired Officers Save...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Going Deeper in the Heart of Texas Helps Retired Officers Save Going Deeper in the Heart of Texas Helps Retired Officers Save In San Antonio, Texas, Better Buildings Neighborhood...

  10. A comparative study of the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Russ Thomas

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compared the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers with several comparison groups on the basis of Retirement Descriptive Index (RDI) scale scores. The RDI is a self-report instrument that assesses life satisfaction...

  11. A comparative study of the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Russ Thomas

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compared the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers with several comparison groups on the basis of Retirement Descriptive Index (RDI) scale scores. The RDI is a self-report instrument that ...

  12. Susceptibilities, the specific heat and a cumulant in two-flavour QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsch, Frithjof; Frithjof Karsch; Edwin Laermann

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract We study the quark mass dependence of various response functions, which contribute to chiral susceptibilities and the specific heat in the staggered fermion formulation of two-flavour QCD. This yields information about the critical exponents \\alpha, \\beta and \\delta. In the case of the chiral susceptibility, obtained as derivative of the chiral order parameter with respect to the quark mass, we calculate all contributions. This allows to construct a cumulant of the order parameter, which is a scaling function and yields a direct determination of the critical exponent \\delta. All our results are consistent with a second order phase transition.

  13. In Retirement, Rex Hess Recalls the Pathway to Discovery IlliniStudio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Matthew

    In Retirement, Rex Hess Recalls the Pathway to Discovery IlliniStudio Faculty Retirement By Lisa Chung After more than 20 years at the University of Illinois, Dr. Rex Hess retired in 2009 the prepared mind." An early interest in the arts followed by pre-law studies at the University of Missouri

  14. UO Retirement Recognition Reception Pap Reception Hall, J.S. Museum of Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    UO Retirement Recognition Reception Papé Reception Hall, J.S. Museum of Art Thursday, June 16, 2011 Information Services 29½ Years Richard Edwards Early Childhood CARES 11 Years Kayla Hinds Architecture will not be attending the retirement reception. They asked that we announce their retirement. Robert Barton Theatre Arts

  15. Down the retirement risk zone with gun and camera Geoffrey Kingston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    for negotiating the risk zone.1 Fortunately, economic logic comes to the rescue. Early retirement is particularly1 Down the retirement risk zone with gun and camera Geoffrey Kingston Lance Fisher Department;2 Abstract The retirement risk zone represents a fragile period in the financial life cycle of people

  16. All Quebec Retired Employees age 65 and over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be kept in a safe place known to you and your family. The Plan is underwritten by #12;Protecting Your; as well as life, disability and critical illness insurance for individuals and families. As a leadingAll Quebec Retired Employees age 65 and over #12;Great-West Life is a leading Canadian life

  17. The Crab glitches: incidence and cumulative effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Graham Smith; C. Jordan

    2003-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The fourteen glitches observed during 33 years do not show the simple pattern expected from a relaxation oscillator. They may however be regarded as three major events separated by about 12 years, the third being a group of smaller glitches. There is a step increase in slowdown rate at each glitch, whose cumulative effect makes a significant contribution to the second differential nu-ddot. The braking index "n" has previously been evaluated only between glitches: the effect of the glitches is to reduce "n" from 2.51 to 2.45. This extra effect due to the glitches would be explained by an increase in dipole field at the fractional rate of 1.5x10^-5 per annum.

  18. assessing cumulative impact: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: CEC-500-2010-FS-016 Cumulative Biological Impacts Framework for Solar Energy Projects demand with renewable energy by the year 2020. Large-scale solar developments...

  19. Proposed Program: Voluntary Retirement Incentive Program for Staff Proposed by: University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture (UTIA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    : 1. Eligible for federal retirement benefits under a Voluntary Early Retirement Authority (VERA)2#12;#12;Proposed Program: Voluntary Retirement Incentive Program for Staff Proposed by: University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture (UTIA) Purpose: The UTIA Voluntary Retirement Incentive Program for Staff

  20. EIA Practice Examples of Cumulative Effects and Final Disposal of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EIA Practice Examples of Cumulative Effects and Final Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel Antoienette: SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala 2012 #12;EIA Practice. Examples of Cumulative Effects and Final Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel Abstract This thesis is about Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) practice

  1. Block Bootstrap Estimation of the Distribution of Cumulative Outdoor Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Block Bootstrap Estimation of the Distribution of Cumulative Outdoor Degradation Victor Chan University Ames, IA 50011 October 28, 2003 Abstract An interesting prediction problem involving degradation cumulative degrada- tion using small- to moderate-size degradation data sets. This distribution, which

  2. Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierrehumbert, Raymond

    Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert* Abstract statistic, called cumulative carbon. This statistic is the aggregate amount ofcarbon emitted in theform such activitiespersist.In thispaper the conceptis usedto addressthe question offair allocation of carbon emissions

  3. Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierrehumbert, Raymond

    Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert1 on climate can be characterized by a single statistic, called Cumulative Carbon. This is the aggregate amount of carbon emitted in the form of carbon dioxide by activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation

  4. In-vivo measurements of Pb-210 to determine cumulative exposure to radon daughters: A pilot study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laurer, G.R.; Cohen, N. (New York Univ. Medical Center, Tuxedo, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Medicine); Stark, A.; Ju, C. (New York State Dept. of Health, Albany, NY (United States). Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology)

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of estimating cumulative exposure of individuals to low concentrations of radon by measuring the amount of Pb-A-10 in their skeletons. This report presents progress to date establishing the validity of an vivo technique to measure skeletal burdens of Pb-210, accumulated from exposure to radon and radon progeny. With the skeletal content of Pb--210 and a model for Pb metabolism, cumulative exposure to radon and its short-lived daughters (radon/daughters) may be calculated for use in deriving a dose-response relationship between lung cancer and exposure to radon/daughters. Data are presented for 29 subjects exposed to above-average'' radon concentrations in their homes, showing the correlation between measured Pb--210 burdens, and measured pCi/l and WLM exposure estimates. Their results are compared to measurements of a population of 24 subject's presumed exposed to average concentrations. Measurements of a Pennsylvania family exposed for a year in a home with an extremely high radon content are also presented. Update of results of an ongoing study of the biological half-time of Pb--210 in man involving measurements, of a retired radiation worker with a 40 year old skeletal burden of Pb-210.

  5. Cash for Clunkers Refrigerator Retirement Program To receive a financial incentive for retiring an OSU-owned old, inefficient, in-use and food-only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Cash for Clunkers Refrigerator Retirement Program To receive a financial incentive for retiring an OSU-owned old, inefficient, in-use and food-only refrigerator, please follow the steps below 1) Email (building and room #) of existing refrigerator c. Make and model # of refrigerator 2) Within 3 business days

  6. Cumulative Undergraduate Grade Point Average (GPA) Potential Student Name: _____________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    in the list from Step "a" and sum them: = ____________Total Quality Points Note: Quality Points assigned Total Quality Points (number from Step "b") by Total Credits (number from Step "a"). Cumulative GPA = Total Quality Points/Total Credits = _______________ #12;

  7. Mapping cumulative noise from shipping to inform marine spatial planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Marine Science and Technology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia System, AIS), cumulative underwater acoustic energy from shipping was mapped throughout 2008 in the west

  8. CEC-500-2010-FS-016 Cumulative Biological Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Solar Energy Projects in the California Desert ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental ResearchCEC-500-2010-FS-016 Cumulative Biological Impacts Framework for Solar Energy Projects in the California Desert ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www

  9. assessing cumulative radon: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This work describes a pilot study to calculate lung dose from the deposition of radon progeny, via estimates of cumulative exposure derived from in vivo measurements of sup 2...

  10. Cumulants, coherence, and contamination in multiparticle Bose-Einstein interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cramer, J.G.; Kadija, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen, Germany Department of Physics FM--15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen, Germany Department of Physics FM--15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the formalism of multiparticle correlations used in Bose-Einstein interferometry with pions produced in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. We include incoherent and quantum optics coherent contributions as well as the effect of contamination from particles included in the correlation that are not pions. We give expressions for the correlation functions and normalized cumulants for orders 2{endash}5 in the presence of these effects. We show that in the presence of coherence the normalized cumulants include an additional contribution besides that usually called the {open_quote}{open_quote}true{close_quote}{close_quote} multiparticle correlation. We also consider the {ital Q}=0 intercepts of the correlation functions and normalized cumulants in the presence of coherence and of contamination and show that values of the intercept of the normalized cumulant as a function of order can distinguish these two effects. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  11. Three-particle cumulant Study of Conical Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claude Pruneau

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the sensitivity of the three-particle azimuthal cumulant method for a search and study of conical emission in central relativistic $A+A $ collisions. Our study is based on a multi-component Monte Carlo model which include flow background, Gaussian mono-jets, jet-flow, and Gaussian conical signals. We find the observation of conical emission is hindered by the presence of flow harmonics of fourth order ($v_4 $) but remains feasible even in the presence of a substantial background. We consider the use of probability cumulants for the suppression of 2$^{nd}$ order flow harmonics. We find that while probability cumulant significantly reduce $v_2^2$ contributions, they also complicate the cumulant of jets, and conical emission. The use of probability cumulants is therefore not particularly advantageous in searches for conical emission. We find the sensitivity of the (density) cumulant method depends inextricably on strengths of $v_2 $, $v_4 $, background and non-Poisson character of particle production. It thus cannot be expressed in a simple form, and without specific assumptions about the values of these parameters.

  12. MID-CAREER RETIREMENT SEMINAR | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr. ErnestMID-CAREER RETIREMENT SEMINAR MID-CAREER

  13. Fiscal Sustainability and Retirement Security: A Reform Proposal for the Illinois State Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    situation: health care and retirement. First, Medicaid expenditures, already a substantial share of state1 Fiscal Sustainability and Retirement Security: A Reform Proposal for the Illinois State errors, are those of the authors alone. I.The Urgent Need for Reform Public pension reform is a national

  14. Date: April 18, 2011 To: All current and future members of the Retirement Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date: April 18, 2011 To: All current and future members of the Retirement Plan From: Betsy Springer of this month and in early May. The dates of these sessions will be provided soon. Summary Analysis of the Carleton University Retirement Plan ("the Plan") shows that Carleton University ("the University") faces

  15. Fission Yield Measurements by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass-Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irina Glagolenko; Bruce Hilton; Jeffrey Giglio; Daniel Cummings; Karl Grimm; Richard McKnight

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Correct prediction of the fission products inventory in irradiated nuclear fuels is essential for accurate estimation of fuel burnup, establishing proper requirements for spent fuel transportation and storage, materials accountability and nuclear forensics. Such prediction is impossible without accurate knowledge of neutron induced fission yields. Unfortunately, the accuracy of the fission yields reported in the ENDF/B-VII.0 library is not uniform across all of the data and much of the improvement is desired for certain isotopes and fission products. We discuss our measurements of cumulative fission yields in nuclear fuels irradiated in thermal and fast reactor spectra using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry.

  16. Risk management study for the retired Hanford Site facilities: Qualitative risk evaluation for the retired Hanford Site facilities. Volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coles, G.A.; Shultz, M.V.; Taylor, W.E.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a risk evaluation of the 100 and 200 Area retired, surplus facilities on the Hanford Site. Also included are the related data that were compiled by the risk evaluation team during investigations performed on the facilities. Results are the product of a major effort performed in fiscal year 1993 to produce qualitative information that characterizes certain risks associated with these facilities. The retired facilities investigated for this evaluation are located in the 100 and 200 Areas of the 1,450-km{sup 2} (570-mi{sup 2}) Hanford Site. The Hanford Site is a semiarid tract of land in southeastern Washington State. The nearest population center is Richland, Washington, (population 32,000) 30-km (20 mi) southeast of the 200 Area. During walkdown investigations of these facilities, data on real and potential hazards that threatened human health or safety or created potential environmental release issues were identified by the risk evaluation team. Using these findings, the team categorized the identified hazards by facility and evaluated the risk associated with each hazard. The factors contributing to each risk, and the consequence and likelihood of harm associated with each hazard also are included in this evaluation.

  17. Session: What do we know about cumulative or population impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerlinger, Paul; Manville, Al; Kendall, Bill

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of a panel discussion followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The panelists were Paul Kerlinger, Curry and Kerlinger, LLC, Al Manville, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bill Kendall, US Geological Service. The panel addressed the potential cumulative impacts of wind turbines on bird and bat populations over time. Panel members gave brief presentations that touched on what is currently known, what laws apply, and the usefulness of population modeling. Topics addressed included which sources of modeling should be included in cumulative impacts, comparison of impacts from different modes of energy generation, as well as what research is still needed regarding cumulative impacts of wind energy development on bird and bat populations.

  18. Wick polynomials and time-evolution of cumulants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jani Lukkarinen; Matteo Marcozzi

    2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how Wick polynomials of random variables can be defined combinatorially as the unique choice which removes all "internal contractions" from the related cumulant expansions, also in a non-Gaussian case. We discuss how an expansion in terms of the Wick polynomials can be used for derivation of a hierarchy of equations for the time-evolution of cumulants. These methods are then applied to simplify the formal derivation of the Boltzmann-Peierls equation in the kinetic scaling limit of the discrete nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation (DNLS) with suitable random initial data. We also present a reformulation of the standard perturbation expansion using cumulants which could simplify the problem of a rigorous derivation of the Boltzmann-Peierls equation by separating the analysis of the solutions to the Boltzmann-Peierls equation from the analysis of the corrections. This latter scheme is general and not tied to the DNLS evolution equations.

  19. Estimating type curve parameters with the cumulative curvature method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Dan Edward

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curvature of Ramey type curves at a forward span of 40'$ . 32 15 Cumulative curvature of Ramey type curves at a forward span of 50$ . 33 16 Cumulative curvature of Ramey type curves at a forward span of 60$ 34 ix LIST OF FIGURES icontinued) 17..."wand spans ranging f;om 15$ to 60$ are presented in Figure 10 through 12. Since data that bately reaches past the end of the unit slope region is too vague even for this technique, the graph with a forward span of 0$ to 15$ is omitied here because...

  20. PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legout, Arnaud

    PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes A. Legout and E. W- ticast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer applications based PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link utilization

  1. In-vivo measurements of Pb-210 to determine cumulative exposure to radon daughters: A pilot study. Final report, 1 March, 1990--May 31, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laurer, G.R.; Cohen, N. [New York Univ. Medical Center, Tuxedo, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Medicine; Stark, A.; Ju, C. [New York State Dept. of Health, Albany, NY (United States). Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of estimating cumulative exposure of individuals to low concentrations of radon by measuring the amount of Pb-A-10 in their skeletons. This report presents progress to date establishing the validity of an vivo technique to measure skeletal burdens of Pb-210, accumulated from exposure to radon and radon progeny. With the skeletal content of Pb--210 and a model for Pb metabolism, cumulative exposure to radon and its short-lived daughters (radon/daughters) may be calculated for use in deriving a dose-response relationship between lung cancer and exposure to radon/daughters. Data are presented for 29 subjects exposed to ``above-average`` radon concentrations in their homes, showing the correlation between measured Pb--210 burdens, and measured pCi/l and WLM exposure estimates. Their results are compared to measurements of a population of 24 subject`s presumed exposed to average concentrations. Measurements of a Pennsylvania family exposed for a year in a home with an extremely high radon content are also presented. Update of results of an ongoing study of the biological half-time of Pb--210 in man involving measurements, of a retired radiation worker with a 40 year old skeletal burden of Pb-210.

  2. Microsoft Word - CX-DaytonTapRetirementFY13_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Aaron Evans Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Dayton Tap Line Retirement PP&A Project...

  3. About to Retire from Memorial? Answers to some Frequently Asked Questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    to participate in the University's retiree benefits program. Deductions for union membership, CPP, EI, etc. Membership is open to all retired employees of Memorial University of Newfoundland, including survivor

  4. Volume fluctuations and higher order cumulants of the net baryon number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Skokov; B. Friman; K. Redlich

    2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the effect of volume fluctuations on cumulants of the net baryon number. Based on a general formalism, we derive universal expressions for the net baryon number cumulants in the presence of volume fluctuations with an arbitrary probability distribution. The relevance of these fluctuations for the baryon-number cumulants and in particular for the ratios of cumulants is assessed in the Polyakov loop extended quark-meson model within the functional renormalization group. We show that the baryon number cumulants are generally enhanced by volume fluctuations and that the critical behavior of higher order cumulants may be modified significantly.

  5. Cumulative theoretical uncertainties in lithium depletion boundary age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tognelli, Emanuele; Degl'Innocenti, Scilla

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a detailed analysis of the main theoretical uncertainties affecting the age at the lithium depletion boundary (LDB). To do that we computed almost 12000 pre-main sequence models with mass in the range [0.06, 0.4] M_sun by varying input physics (nuclear reaction cross-sections, plasma electron screening, outer boundary conditions, equation of state, and radiative opacity), initial chemical elements abundances (total metallicity, helium and deuterium abundances, and heavy elements mixture), and convection efficiency (mixing length parameter, alpha_ML). As a first step, we studied the effect of varying these quantities individually within their extreme values. Then, we analysed the impact of simultaneously perturbing the main input/parameters without an a priori assumption of independence. Such an approach allowed us to build for the first time the cumulative error stripe, which defines the edges of the maximum uncertainty region in the theoretical LDB age. We found that the cumulative error stripe ...

  6. Determination of radionuclides and pathways contributing to cumulative dose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, B.A.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of scoping calculations has been undertaken to evaluate the absolute and relative contributions of different radionuclides and exposure pathways to doses that may have been received by individuals living in the vicinity of the Hanford Site. This scoping calculation (Calculation 004) examined the contributions of numerous radionuclides to cumulative dose via environmental exposures and accumulation in foods. Addressed in this calculation were the contributions to organ and effective dose of infants and adults from (1) air submersion and groundshine external dose, (2) inhalation, (3) ingestion of soil by humans, (4) ingestion of leafy vegetables, (5) ingestion of other vegetables and fruits, (6) ingestion of meat, (7) ingestion of eggs, and (8) ingestion of cows' milk from Feeding Regime 1, as described in calculation 002. This calculation specifically addresses cumulative radiation doses to infants and adults resulting from releases occurring over the period 1945 through 1972.

  7. Polydispersity analysis of Taylor dispersion data: the cumulant method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Cipelletti; Jean-Philippe Biron; Michel Martin; Hervé Cottet

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Taylor dispersion analysis is an increasingly popular characterization method that measures the diffusion coefficient, and hence the hydrodynamic radius, of (bio)polymers, nanoparticles or even small molecules. In this work, we describe an extension to current data analysis schemes that allows size polydispersity to be quantified for an arbitrary sample, thereby significantly enhancing the potentiality of Taylor dispersion analysis. The method is based on a cumulant development similar to that used for the analysis of dynamic light scattering data. Specific challenges posed by the cumulant analysis of Taylor dispersion data are discussed, and practical ways to address them are proposed. We successfully test this new method by analyzing both simulated and experimental data for solutions of moderately polydisperse polymers and polymer mixtures.

  8. Simple derivation of the first cumulant for the Rouse chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Lisy; B. Brutovsky; J. Tothova

    2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple analytic expression for the first cumulant of the dynamic structure factor of a polymer coil in the Rouse model is derived. The obtained formula is exact within the usual assumption of the continuum distribution of beads along the chain. It reflects the contributions to the scattering of light or neutrons from both the internal motion of the polymer and its diffusion, and is valid in the whole region of the wave-vector change at the scattering.

  9. Bringing science into river systems cumulative effects assessment practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seitz, Nicole E. [Centre for Hydrology, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan. 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK. S7N 5C8 (Canada); Westbrook, Cherie J., E-mail: cherie.westbrook@usask.c [Centre for Hydrology, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan. 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK. S7N 5C8 (Canada); Noble, Bram F. [Department of Geography and Planning, School for the Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan. 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK. S7N 5C8 (Canada)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Fast-paced watershed change, driven by anthropogenic development, is threatening the sustainability of freshwater resources across the globe. Developments within watersheds interact in a manner that is additive and synergistic over space and time. Such cumulative environmental effects are defined as the results of actions that are individually minor but collectively significant when added to other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable future actions. Cumulative effects assessment (CEA) then is broadly defined as the process of evaluating the potential impacts of such collective actions on the environment and is a requirement in many countries, including in Canada at the federal level under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. However, current approaches to CEA for river systems are proving to be ineffective, which is largely attributed to the disconnect between CEA science and practice. We highlight this gap herein by discussing contradictions in the CEA literature, challenges in quantifying cumulative interactions, including overcoming spatiotemporal scale issues, multiple hydrologic and ecological pathways, and lack of predictive analysis. Our analysis shows there is a need for improved CEA for river systems, and in responding to this need we propose a conceptual framework for better integrating science and practice for improved CEA for river systems using one of the most adversely affected rivers basins in Canada, the Athabasca River, as our model. We conclude by addressing the challenges inherent to CEA with the intent of providing scientists with ways to help improve CEA of river systems.

  10. Estimating Corn Grain Yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

    2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    can collect samples from a corn field and use this data to calculate the yield estimate. An interactive grain yield calculator is provided in the Appendix of the pdf version of this publication. The calculator is also located in the publication.... Plan and prepare for sample and data collection. 2. Collect field samples and record data. 3. Analyze the data using the interactive grain yield calculator in the Appendix. Plan and prepare for sample and data collection Predetermine sample locations...

  11. Cumulative belief degrees approach for analyzing the competitiveness of the automotive industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Cumulative belief degrees approach for analyzing the competitiveness of the automotive industry: Available online xxxx Keywords: Competitiveness Automotive industry Cumulative belief degree Casual the competitiveness of the automotive industry from a national competitiveness perspective, using a three

  12. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary, 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Borde, Amy B.; Dawley, Earl M.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Roegner, G. Curtis; Russell, Micah T.; Skalski, John R.; Thom, Ronald M.; Vavrinec, John; Zimmerman, Shon A.

    2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Draft annual report for the Cumulative Effects Study for the US Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District

  13. Filename: Enrolling In Your Carnegie Mellon Retirement Benefits.Doc Page 1 Last Updated 6/8/10 Enrolling in Your Carnegie Mellon Retirement Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Retirement Plan (FSRP) Whether or not you choose to contribute your own money to a TDA, if you are eligible for the FSRP, you should enroll in the FSRP for your university contributions. By enrolling, you will be able for your FSRP contributions (if any). 3. Complete the TDA Salary Reduction Agreement (available online

  14. CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Patent quality and value in discrete and cumulative innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Patent quality and value in discrete and cumulative innovation Justus,version2-16Nov2010 #12;2 Patent Quality and Value in Discrete and Cumulative Innovation Cerna Working the relationship between patent quality and patent value in discrete and cumulative innovation. Using factor

  15. Canadian and international EIA frameworks as they apply to cumulative effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connelly, Robert, E-mail: robert.connelly@sympatico.ca

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a brief history of the development of cumulative effects, the current requirements in North America and elsewhere in the world, challenges at the project level, thoughts on how emerging concepts of strategic environmental assessment and regional assessment may offer means to improve the examination of cumulative effects and offers suggestions for current and future needs in cumulative effects assessment.

  16. Important notIce aBoUt yoUr rIghts Under the followIng colUmBIa UnIversIty retIrement plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grishok, Alla

    Important notIce aBoUt yoUr rIghts Under the followIng colUmBIa UnIversIty retIrement plans: ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforOfficers ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforSupportStaff ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforSupportStaffAssociation ·ColumbiaUniversityVoluntaryRetirementSavingsPlan(VRSP) Human Resources Retirement Benefits

  17. Don't return to employment after retiring from the Florida Retirement System until you read this booklet. This publication describes the consequences of returning to FRS-covered employment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Don't return to employment after retiring from the Florida Retirement System until you read this booklet. This publication describes the consequences of returning to FRS-covered employment during if you return to work for any public or private sector employer; there are no reemployment exceptions

  18. A Cumulant-based Analysis of Nonlinear Magnetospheric Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay R. Johnson; Simon Wing

    2004-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding magnetospheric dynamics and predicting future behavior of the magnetosphere is of great practical interest because it could potentially help to avert catastrophic loss of power and communications. In order to build good predictive models it is necessary to understand the most critical nonlinear dependencies among observed plasma and electromagnetic field variables in the coupled solar wind/magnetosphere system. In this work, we apply a cumulant-based information dynamical measure to characterize the nonlinear dynamics underlying the time evolution of the Dst and Kp geomagnetic indices, given solar wind magnetic field and plasma input. We examine the underlying dynamics of the system, the temporal statistical dependencies, the degree of nonlinearity, and the rate of information loss. We find a significant solar cycle dependence in the underlying dynamics of the system with greater nonlinearity for solar minimum. The cumulant-based approach also has the advantage that it is reliable even in the case of small data sets and therefore it is possible to avoid the assumption of stationarity, which allows for a measure of predictability even when the underlying system dynamics may change character. Evaluations of several leading Kp prediction models indicate that their performances are sub-optimal during active times. We discuss possible improvements of these models based on this nonparametric approach.

  19. Assessing the cumulative effects of projects using geographic information systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, Samuel F., E-mail: atkinson@unt.edu [Institute of Applied Science, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle 310559, Denton, TX 76203 (United States); Canter, Larry W., E-mail: envimptr@aol.com [Environmental Impact Training, P.O. Box 9143, Horseshoe Bay, TX 78657 (United States)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems that allow users to store and retrieve spatial data, provide for analyses of spatial data, and offer highly detailed display of spatial data are referred to as geographic information systems, or more typically, GIS. Since their initial usage in the 1960s, GISs have evolved as a means of assembling and analyzing diverse data pertaining to specific geographical areas, with spatial locations of the data serving as the organizational basis for the information systems. The structure of GISs is built around spatial identifiers and the methods used to encode data for storage and manipulation. This paper examines how GIS has been used in typical environmental assessment, its use for cumulative impact assessment, and explores litigation that occurred in the United States Federal court system where GIS was used in some aspect of cumulative effects. The paper also summarizes fifteen case studies that range from area wide transportation planning to wildlife and habitat impacts, and draws together a few lessons learned from this review of literature and litigation.

  20. Aging, Work, and Retirement among Late-Career Faculty at the University of California A Trustee Grant Proposal to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Voluntary Early Retirement Incentive Programs of the early 1990s (verips 1, 2, 3)--to better understandAging, Work, and Retirement among Late-Career Faculty at the University of California A Trustee and needs of faculty in the early stages of academic careers, in terms of recruitment and retention

  1. This is a special issue of Journal of Chemometrics dedicated to Professor Svante Wold. We are using his retirement from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

    are using his retirement from Umea° University as an opportunity to recognize and honor his decisive role played a key role in the early days of Chemometrics by disseminating its concepts by means of writing `formal' retirement as Professor of Chemometrics. Chemometrics has a prosperous future worldwide [3], much

  2. Implications of Near-Term Coal Power Plant Retirement for SO2 and NOX and Life Cycle GHG Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    Implications of Near-Term Coal Power Plant Retirement for SO2 and NOX and Life Cycle GHG Emissions for electricity generation, by comparing systems that consist of individual natural gas and coal power plants when coal power plants are retired. These models estimate the order in which existing power plants

  3. Respiratory impairment and symptoms as predictors of early retirement with disability in US underground coal miners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ames, R.G.; Trent, R.B.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A five-year prospective study of 1,394 United States underground coal miners was undertaken to study the effects of respiratory impairment on the rate of early retirement with disability (ERD). Using a logistic regression analysis, ERD was found to be related to reported persistent phlegm after adjustment was made for other respiratory symptoms, respiratory function measurements, cigarette smoking, and some demographic characteristics. No prediction of ERD occurred for spirometrically determined measures of respiratory function. The data thus give limited support to the hypothesis that early retirement with disability in underground coal miners can be predicted prospectively by measures of respiratory symptoms.

  4. Fission product chain yields and delayed neutrons: ANS standards 5. 2 and 5. 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    England, T.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Brady, M.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Rider, B.F.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chain yields are the addition of the direct values along constant (Z + N) paths. The addition must also account for decay branching, especially for delayed neutrons that couple the mass chains. The result is the familiar double-humped plot of yield per fission versus mass number. The lines of stable nuclides and most probable yield are shown in the (Z,N) plane. Some modern measurements provide direct yields; other provide cumulative values for long-lived or stable products. Yield evaluations must account for each type of measurement and the degree of decay coupling, beginning with direct yields. For some fissioning nuclides at thermal or fast neutron incident energies, the amount of data is enormous; and for other nuclide-energy combinations, the data must be developed from systematics. Many applications of chain yields can use the same systematics to estimate independent values. The ANS 5.2 standard is currently in rough draft form for comment from working group members.

  5. Risk management study for the retired Hanford Site facilities. Volume 2, Risk evaluation work procedure for the retired Hanford Site facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coles, G.A.; Shultz, M.V.; Taylor, W.E.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk from retired surplus facilities has always been assumed to be low at the Hanford Site as the facilities are inactive and have few potentials for causing an offsite hazardous material release. However,the fatal accident that occurred in the spring of 1992 in which an employee fell through a deteriorated roof at the 105-F Reactor Building has raised the possibility that retired facilities represent a greater risk than was originally assumed. Therefore, Westinghouse Hanford Company and the US Department of Energy management have determined that facility risk management strategies and programmatic plans should be reevaluated to assure risks are identified and appropriate corrective action plans are developed. To evaluate risk management strategies, accurate risk information about the current and projected condition of the facilities must be developed. This work procedure has been created to address the development of accurate and timely risk information. By using the evaluation results in this procedure, it will be possible to create a prioritized baseline for managing facility risk until all retired surplus facilities are demolished.

  6. Cumulative effects in Swedish EIA practice - difficulties and obstacles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waernbaeck, Antoienette [Swedish EIA Centre, Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)], E-mail: antoienette.warnback@sol.slu.se; Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija [Swedish EIA Centre, Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of considering cumulative effects (CE) in the context of environmental assessment is manifested in the EU regulations. The demands on the contents of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) documents explicitly ask for CE to be described. In Swedish environmental assessment documents CE are rarely described or included. The aim of this paper is to look into the reasons behind this fact in the Swedish context. The paper describes and analyse how actors implementing the EIA and SEA legislation in Sweden perceive the current situation in relation to the legislative demands and the inclusion of cumulative effects. Through semi-structured interviews the following questions have been explored: Is the phenomenon of CE discussed and included in the EIA/SEA process? What do the actors include in and what is their knowledge of the term and concept of CE? Which difficulties and obstacles do these actors experience and what possibilities for inclusion of CE do they see in the EIA/SEA process? A large number of obstacles and hindrances emerged from the interviews conducted. It can be concluded from the analysis that the will to act does seem to exist. A lack of knowledge in respect of how to include cumulative effects and a lack of clear regulations concerning how this should be done seem to be perceived as the main obstacles. The knowledge of the term and the phenomenon is furthermore quite narrow and not all encompassing. They experience that there is a lack of procedures in place. They also seem to lack knowledge of methods in relation to how to actually work, in practice, with CE and how to include CE in the EIA/SEA process. It can be stated that the existence of this poor picture in relation to practice concerning CE in the context of impact assessment mirrors the existing and so far rather vague demands in respect of the inclusion and assessment of CE in Swedish EIA and SEA legislation, regulations, guidelines and handbooks.

  7. The Built Environment Endowed Book Fund was established with a gift from retired University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    The Built Environment Endowed Book Fund was established with a gift from retired University. Funds from this endowment support a broad range of publications in the humanities. The University of Washington librarian Betty Wagner to help fund books on architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning

  8. Page 1 Last Updated 5/7/2014 Enrolling in Your Carnegie Mellon Retirement Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Enrolling in the Faculty and Staff Retirement Plan (FSRP) Whether or not you choose to contribute your own money to a TDA, if you are eligible for the FSRP, you should enroll in the FSRP for your university & Change Form - FSRP (online at http://www.cmu.edu/hr/benefits/benefit_progra ms

  9. Page 1 Last Updated 5/21/2014 Carnegie Mellon Retirement Plans: Understanding Your Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or have U.S. permanent residence status are eligible for the Faculty and Staff Retirement Plan (FSRP the FSRP or the 401(k) plan, Carnegie Mellon contributes 8% of your eligible compensation (or 9 any money of your own in order to be eligible to receive the university's contributions. The FSRP

  10. Linear Cumulant Control and Its Relationship to Risk-Sensitive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mou, Libin

    Linear Cumulant Control and Its Relationship to Risk-Sensitive Control Libin Mou Stanley R. Liberty in this cumulant control class. 1 Introduction In 1998 Pham, Liberty and Sain introduced a general class of Linear the relationship between the solution to the risk-sensitive control problem (for the linear, memoryless, full

  11. Cumulative biological impacts of The Geysers geothermal development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brownell, J.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cumulative nature of current and potential future biological impacts from full geothermal development in the steam-dominated portion of The Geysers-Calistoga KGRA are identified by the California Energy Commission staff. Vegetation, wildlife, and aquatic resources information have been reviewed and evaluated. Impacts and their significance are discussed and staff recommendations presented. Development of 3000 MW of electrical energy will result in direct vegetation losses of 2790 acres, based on an estimate of 11.5% loss per lease-hold of 0.93 acres/MW. If unmitigated, losses will be greater. Indirect vegetation losses and damage occur from steam emissions which contain elements (particularly boron) toxic to vegetation. Other potential impacts include chronic low-level boron exposure, acid rain, local climate modification, and mechanical damage. A potential exists for significant reduction and changes in wildlife from direct habitat loss and development influences. Highly erosive soils create the potential for significant reduction of aquatic resources, particularly game fish. Toxic spills have caused some temporary losses of aquatic species. Staff recommends monitoring and implementation of mitigation measures at all geothermal development stages.

  12. Microcanonical thermostatistics analysis without histograms: cumulative distribution and Bayesian approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alves, Nelson A; Rizzi, Leandro G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microcanonical thermostatistics analysis has become an important tool to reveal essential aspects of phase transitions in complex systems. An efficient way to estimate the microcanonical inverse temperature $\\beta(E)$ and the microcanonical entropy $S(E)$ is achieved with the statistical temperature weighted histogram analysis method (ST-WHAM). The strength of this method lies on its flexibility, as it can be used to analyse data produced by algorithms with generalised sampling weights. However, for any sampling weight, ST-WHAM requires the calculation of derivatives of energy histograms $H(E)$, which leads to non-trivial and tedious binning tasks for models with continuous energy spectrum such as those for biomolecular and colloidal systems. Here, we discuss two alternative methods that avoid the need for such energy binning to obtain continuous estimates for $H(E)$ in order to evaluate $\\beta(E)$ by using ST-WHAM: (i) a series expansion to estimate probability densities from the empirical cumulative distrib...

  13. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Columbia River Estuary, Annual Report 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Borde, Amy B.; Dawley, Earl M.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Putman, Douglas A.; Roegner, G. C.; Russell, Micah; Skalski, John R.; Thom, Ronald M.; Vavrinec, John

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this multi-year study (2004-2010) is to develop a methodology to evaluate the cumulative effects of multiple habitat restoration projects intended to benefit ecosystems supporting juvenile salmonids in the lower Columbia River and estuary. Literature review in 2004 revealed no existing methods for such an evaluation and suggested that cumulative effects could be additive or synergistic. Field research in 2005, 2006, and 2007 involved intensive, comparative studies paired by habitat type (tidal swamp vs. marsh), trajectory (restoration vs. reference site), and restoration action (tide gate vs. culvert vs. dike breach). The field work established two kinds of monitoring indicators for eventual cumulative effects analysis: core and higher-order indicators. Management implications of limitations and applications of site-specific effectiveness monitoring and cumulative effects analysis were identified.

  14. Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction - Dataset...

  15. Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents, EPA Office of Federal Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on...

  16. HALF INDEPENDENCE AND HALF CUMULANTS By Arup Bose,, Rajat Subhra Hazra and Koushik Saha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    HALF INDEPENDENCE AND HALF CUMULANTS By Arup Bose,, Rajat Subhra Hazra and Koushik Saha Indian described in Banica, Curran and Speicher (2010)[2] and Bose, Hazra and Saha (2010)[7]. In Section 2, we

  17. Rainman: Renowned rainwater harvester Billy Kniffen may be retired, but he's not slowing down anytime soon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    18 tx H2O Summer 2011 Story by Leslie Lee One week a#31;er his o#23;cial retirement from the Texas AgriLife Extension Service on April #27;#24;, Billy Kni#28;en could be found crisscrossing the United States#30;bringing rainwater harvesting...;ing up irrigation systems.? Since #25;#24;#24;#16;, Kni#28;en served as AgriLife Extension?s statewide water resource specialist, focusing on rainwater harvesting. Prior to that, he had been an AgriLife Extension agent in South and Central Texas...

  18. Pictured here with daughter, Jessica, on May 29, 2011 C. H. George, longtime NIU history professor, 89, died of cancer June 21, 2011 in retirement at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    , 89, died of cancer June 21, 2011 in retirement at Mt. Wolf, PA. A beloved teacher and imposing: European Radicals from Hus to Lenin (1971), and, in retirement, Journey to Dachau: An American Soldier reds in the cornfield." As a senior member of a department rapidly expanding in the 1960s and early

  19. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Borde, Amy B.; Bryson, Amanda J.; Cameron, April; Coleman, Andre M.; Corbett, C.; Dawley, Earl M.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Kauffman, Ronald; Roegner, G. Curtis; Russell, Micah T.; Silva, April; Skalski, John R.; Thom, Ronald M.; Vavrinec, John; Woodruff, Dana L.; Zimmerman, Shon A.

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the sixth annual report of a seven-year project (2004 through 2010) to evaluate the cumulative effects of habitat restoration actions in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE). The project, called the Cumulative Effects Study, is being conducted for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Portland District (USACE) by the Marine Sciences Laboratory of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), the Pt. Adams Biological Field Station of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the Columbia River Estuary Study Taskforce (CREST), and the University of Washington. The goal of the Cumulative Effects Study is to develop a methodology to evaluate the cumulative effects of multiple habitat restoration projects intended to benefit ecosystems supporting juvenile salmonids in the 235-km-long LCRE. Literature review in 2004 revealed no existing methods for such an evaluation and suggested that cumulative effects could be additive or synergistic. From 2005 through 2009, annual field research involved intensive, comparative studies paired by habitat type (tidal swamp versus marsh), trajectory (restoration versus reference site), and restoration action (tidegate replacement vs. culvert replacement vs. dike breach).

  20. retirement dinner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea Information Security Agency. Winston Chih-Wei Ou harmonic analysis. Indiana University. Loren Spice representation theory. University of Chicago.

  1. Retired Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources Resources About oneRethinking the Unthinkable

  2. Retirement FAQs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources Resources About oneRethinkingMedical

  3. Retirement Plans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources Resources About

  4. In order to assist you in planning for the future, you have the opportunity to choose from several voluntary tax-deferred retirement plan investment options, as well as having benefits provided on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the money is withdrawn. This way your retirement savings can grow tax-deferred until you are ready to use

  5. Experimental and theoretical study of the residual product nuclide yields in thin targets irradiated with 100-2600 MeV protons.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titarenko, Y. E. (Yury E.); Batyaev, V. F. (Vyacheslav F.); Karpikhin, E. I. (Evgeny I.); Zhivun, V. M. (Valery M.); Koldobsky, A. B. (Aleksander B.); Mulambetov, R. D. (Ruslan D.); Fischenko, D. V. (Dmitry V.); Kvasova, S. V. (Svetlana V.); Mashnik, S. G. (Stepan G.); Prael, R. E. (Richard E.); Sierk, A. J. (Arnold J.); Yasuda, Hideshi; Sait?, Masako,

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work is aimed at measurements and computer simulations of independent and cumulative yields of residual product nuclei in thin targets relevant as target materials and structure materials for hybrid accelerator-driven systems coupled to high-energy proton accelerators.

  6. Cumulative exposure to arsenic and its relationship to respiratory cancer among copper-smelter employees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee-Feldstein, A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To explore the role of arsenic as a human carcinogen, the respiratory cancer-mortality experience (1938 to 1977) of 8045 white-male smelter employees in Montana was examined relative to cumulative exposure to arsenic trioxide and was compared with that of the white male population of the same region. Exposure to arsenic was estimated for various work areas from industrial-hygiene reports of average concentrations present in the smelter. Respiratory cancer mortality was analyzed further by time period of first employment and maximum lifetime exposure to arsenic trioxide. When exposure was estimated with arithmetic means of measured concentrations among men first employed prior to 1925, respiratory cancer mortality increased linearly with increasing cumulative exposure group, ranging from two to nine times expected; among those first employed in the period 1925 to 1947 it also increased linearly with increasing cumulative exposure group.

  7. Cumulative exposure to arsenic and its relationship to respiratory cancer among copper smelter employees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee-Feldstein, A.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To explore the role of arsenic as a human carcinogen, the respiratory cancer mortality experience (1938 to 1977) of 8,045 while male smelter employees in Montana was examined relative to cumulative exposure to arsenic trioxide and was compared with that of the white male population of the same region. Exposure to arsenic was estimated for various work areas from industrial hygiene reports of average concentrations present in the smelter. Respiratory cancer mortality was analyzed further by time period of first employment and maximum lifetime exposure to arsenic trioxide. When exposure was estimated with arithmetic means of measured concentrations among men first employed prior to 1925, respiratory cancer mortality increased linearly with increasing cumulative exposure group, ranging from two to nine times expected; among those first employed in the period 1925 to 1947 it also increased linearly with increasing cumulative exposure group.

  8. TN Consolidated Retirement System (TCRS) Benefit Estimate Request If you are a member of TCRS and an employee at the University of Memphis, you may request an estimate of your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    years of service OR at least 30 years of service) o Early Retirement (age 55 with at least 5 years TN Consolidated Retirement System (TCRS) Benefit Estimate Request If you are a member of TCRS and an employee at the University of Memphis, you may request an estimate of your retirement benefit by providing

  9. Organization Web Link American Association for Retired Person's http://www.grandfactsheets.org/doc/oklahoma07-final.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Organization Web Link American Association for Retired Person's http://www.grandfactsheets.org/doc/oklahoma-572-6831 Address: 1414 S. Division, Guthrie, OK 73044 Phone: 405-264-2700 , 800-572-6831 Oklahoma, North Address: 2409 N. Kelly, P.O. Box 26768, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 Phone: 405-522-5818, 800-884-1534 Address: 2409

  10. Applying Retirement-Planning Strategy to Sensor Networks: An Integrated Approach to Energy-Aware Medium Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, M. Saif

    Applying Retirement-Planning Strategy to Sensor Networks: An Integrated Approach to Energy-Aware. INTRODUCTION A. An Integrated Approach to Energy-Aware Medium Access One of the critical operations in wireless and the residual energy of each sensor. The impact of incorporating these parameters in MAC design on network

  11. All Other Retired Employees Great-West Life is a leading Canadian life and health insurer. Great-West Life's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to you and your family. The Plan is underwritten by #12;Protecting Your Personal Information At Great as life, disability and critical illness insurance for individuals and families. As a leading providerAll Other Retired Employees #12;Great-West Life is a leading Canadian life and health insurer

  12. Yield

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsingWhatY-12 recognized forCyclotron Chemistry

  13. Assessing environmental risk of the retired filter bed area, Battelle West Jefferson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, S.F.; Thompson, M.D.; Glennon, M.A. [and others

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Initial investigations conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Chicago Operations Office, and by Argonne National Laboratory used seismic refraction profiling, electrical resistivity depth sounding, conductivity profiling, magnetic gradiometry, and ground-penetrating radar to study environmental geophysics in the area of the Battelle West Jefferson site`s radiologically contaminated retired filter beds. The investigators used a combination of nonintrusive technologies and innovative drilling techniques to assess environmental risk at the filter beds and to improve understanding of the geology of the Big Darby Creek floodplain. The geophysical investigation, which showed that the preferred groundwater pathway is associated with a laterally extensive deposit of silty sand to sand that is less than 12 ft deep in the floodplain area, also guided the location of cone penetrometer test sites and piezometer installation. Cone penetrometer testing was useful for comparing continuous logging data with surface geophysical data in establishing correlations among unconsolidated materials.

  14. BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS algorithm for identifying the parameters of MISO sys- tem. 1. INTRODUCTION We consider the following-Input Single-Output (MISO) channel, y[n] is the output signal. Signals and system are assumed to be complex

  15. Cumulative environmental impacts and integrated coastal management: the case of Xiamen, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Anthony

    Cumulative environmental impacts and integrated coastal management: the case of Xiamen, China, Environmental Science Research Center, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China b Management Science and the implementation of integrated coastal management within the harbour of Xiamen, China, an urban region in which

  16. Evaluation of Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Thom, Ronald M.; Roegner, G. Curtis; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Skalski, John R.; Borde, Amy B.; Dawley, Earl; Coleman, Andre M.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Breithaupt, Stephen A.; Cameron, April; Corbett, C.; Donley, Erin E.; Jay, D. A.; Ke, Yinghai; Leffler, K.; McNeil, C.; Studebaker, Cindy; Tagestad, Jerry D.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the seventh and final annual report of a project (2004–2010) addressing evaluation of the cumulative effects of habitat restoration actions in the 235-km-long lower Columbia River and estuary. The project, called the Cumulative Effects (CE) study, was conducted for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Portland District by a collaboration of research agencies led by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We achieved the primary goal of the CE study to develop a methodology to evaluate the cumulative effects of habitat actions in the Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program. We delivered 1) standard monitoring protocols and methods to prioritize monitoring activities; 2) the theoretical and empirical basis for a CE methodology using levels-of-evidence; 3) evaluations of cumulative effects using ecological relationships, geo-referenced data, hydrodynamic modeling, and meta-analyses; and 4) an adaptive management process to coordinate and coalesce restoration efforts in the LCRE. A solid foundation has been laid for future comprehensive evaluations of progress made by the Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program to understand, conserve, and restore ecosystems in the lower Columbia River and estuary.

  17. PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legout, Arnaud

    PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version) A the properties of a new multicast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer. We evaluated PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link

  18. PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version) \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legout, Arnaud

    PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version the properties of a new multicast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer. We evaluated PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link

  19. Job Placement Rate*: 93% (December 2013) Major Admission Requirements: 2.75 cumulative Texas Tech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westfall, Peter H.

    Coopers · Texas Instruments · Valero Energy · USAA CAREERS Systems Development · Systems analysis · InformationJob Placement Rate*: 93% (December 2013) Major Admission Requirements: 2.75 cumulative Texas Tech to Production and Operations Management (FLP) in Spain *Dependent on market conditions and number of graduates

  20. Cumulative impact assessments and bird/wind farm interactions: Developing a conceptual framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masden, Elizabeth A., E-mail: e.masden.1@research.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom) and Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Fox, Anthony D., E-mail: tfo@dmu.d [Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Kalo, Grenavej 14, 8410 Ronde (Denmark); Furness, Robert W., E-mail: r.furness@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Bullman, Rhys, E-mail: rhys.bullman@rpsgroup.co [Scottish Natural Heritage, The Beta Centre, Innovation Park, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4NF (United Kingdom); Haydon, Daniel T., E-mail: d.haydon@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The wind power industry has grown rapidly in the UK to meet EU targets of sourcing 20% of energy from renewable sources by 2020. Although wind power is a renewable energy source, there are environmental concerns over increasing numbers of wind farm proposals and associated cumulative impacts. Individually, a wind farm, or indeed any action, may have minor effects on the environment, but collectively these may be significant, potentially greater than the sum of the individual parts acting alone. EU and UK legislation requires a cumulative impact assessment (CIA) as part of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA). However, in the absence of detailed guidance and definitions, such assessments within EIA are rarely adequate, restricting the acquisition of basic knowledge about the cumulative impacts of wind farms on bird populations. Here we propose a conceptual framework to promote transparency in CIA through the explicit definition of impacts, actions and scales within an assessment. Our framework requires improved legislative guidance on the actions to include in assessments, and advice on the appropriate baselines against which to assess impacts. Cumulative impacts are currently considered on restricted scales (spatial and temporal) relating to individual development EIAs. We propose that benefits would be gained from elevating CIA to a strategic level, as a component of spatially explicit planning.

  1. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Columbia River Estuary, Annual Report 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Borde, Amy B.; Dawley, Earl; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Putman, Douglas A.; Roegner, G. C.; Thom, Ronald M.; Vavrinec, John; Whiting, Allan H.

    2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the third annual report of a six-year project to evaluate the cumulative effects of habitat restoration action in the Columbia River Estuary (CRE). The project is being conducted for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) by the Marine Sciences Laboratory of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Pt. Adams Biological Field Station of the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the Columbia River Estuary Study Taskforce. Measurement of the cumulative effects of ecological restoration projects in the Columbia River estuary is a formidable task because of the size and complexity of the estuarine landscape and the meta-populations of salmonids in the Columbia River basin. Despite the challenges presented by this system, developing and implementing appropriate indicators and methods to measure cumulative effects is the best way to enable estuary managers to track the overall effectiveness of investments in estuarine restoration projects. This project is developing methods to quantify the cumulative effects of multiple restoration activities in the CRE. The overall objectives of the 2006 study were to continue to develop techniques to assess cumulative effects, refine the standard monitoring protocols, and initiate development of an adaptive management system for Corps of Engineers’ habitat restoration monitoring efforts in the CRE. (The adaptive management effort will be reported at a later date.) Field studies during 2006 were conducted in tidal freshwater at Kandoll Farm on the lower Grays River and tidal brackish water at Vera Slough on Youngs Bay. Within each of area, we sampled one natural reference site and one restoration site. We addressed the overall objectives with field work in 2006 that, coupled with previous field data, had specific objectives and resulted in some important findings that are summarized here by chapter in this report. Each chapter of the report contains data on particular monitored variables for pre- and post-restoration conditions at both the Kandoll and Vera study areas.

  2. The Air-Fluorescence Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Arqueros; F. Blanco; D. Garcia-Pinto; M. Ortiz; J. Rosado

    2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Detection of the air-fluorescence radiation induced by the charged particles of extensive air showers is a well-established technique for the study of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. Fluorescence telescopes provide a nearly calorimetric measure of the primary energy. Presently the main source of systematic uncertainties comes from our limited accuracy in the fluorescence yield, that is, the number of fluorescence photons emitted per unit of energy deposited in the atmosphere by the shower particles. In this paper the current status of our knowledge on the fluorescence yield both experimental an theoretical will be discussed.

  3. UNCONVENTIONAL METHODS FOR YIELD IMPROVEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    methods (active heating and cooling, directional solidifi- cation) Novel yield improvement techniques through a vari- ety of active heating and cooling schemes. It is envisioned that the techniques will allow techniques for decreasing the size and number of risers re- quired to produce quality castings

  4. Group Retirement Services are provided by Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, a member of the Sun Life Financial group of Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Group Retirement Services are provided by Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, a member of the Sun Life Financial group of companies. © Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, 2011. McLean Budden name

  5. Cumulative Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -18. 324 "Causal and Geometric Relations". Douglas W. Shrader, Jr. v.4, n.3 (June, 1977), pp. 156- 168. "Causation, Motion, and the Unmoved Mover". Karen Bell, v.8, n.2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 157-173. "Cognition and Identifying Reference". Gary S..., Karen. "Causation, Motion, and the Unmoved Mover", v.8, n.2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 157-173. Blackman, Larry Lee. "Why Every Realist Should Be A Platonist". v.7, n.2 (Spring, 1980), pp. 144- 162. Botwinick, Aryeh. "Hume on Is-Ought: A Reinterpre- tation...

  6. Cumulative Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Significance of Hegel's Four World-Historical Realms" by Eric von der Luft "A Recovery of Innocence: The Dynamics of Sartrean Radical Conversion" by Kerry S. Walters "Freedom and Determinism in Spinoza" by John M. Russell "Locke's Theory of Property: A Re...

  7. Baseline for the cumulants of net-proton distributions at STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiaofeng Luo; Bedangadas Mohanty; Nu Xu

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a systematic comparison between the recently measured cumulants of the net-proton distributions by STAR for 0-5% central Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=7.7-200 GeV and two kinds of possible baseline measures, the Poisson and Binomial baselines. These baseline measures are assuming that the proton and anti-proton distributions independently follow Poisson statistics or Binomial statistics. The higher order cumulant net-proton data are observed to deviate from all the baseline measures studied at 19.6 and 27 GeV. We also compare the net-proton with net-baryon fluctuations in UrQMD and AMPT model, and convert the net-proton fluctuations to net-baryon fluctuations in AMPT model by using a set of formula.

  8. Effect of cumulative seismic damage and corrosion on life-cycle cost of reinforced concrete bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ramesh

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mauricio Sanchez-Silva Colleen Murphy Head of Department, David Rosowsky December 2007 Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Effect of Cumulative Seismic Damage and Corrosion on Life-Cycle Cost.... Paolo Gardoni for his technical guidance and for helping with financial support during my study period. I thank Dr. Mauricio Sanchez-Silva for helping me at all stages with his promptness to clear my doubts anytime I approached him. I acknowledge...

  9. Particle sizing by dynamic light scattering: non-linear cumulant analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alastair G. Mailer; Paul S. Clegg; Peter N. Pusey

    2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the method of cumulants for analysing dynamic light scattering data in particle sizing applications. Here the data, in the form of the time correlation function of scattered light, is written as a series involving the first few cumulants (or moments) of the distribution of particle diffusion constants. Frisken (2001 Applied Optics 40, 4087) has pointed out that, despite greater computational complexity, a non-linear, iterative, analysis of the data has advantages over the linear least-squares analysis used originally. In order to explore further the potential and limitations of cumulant methods we analyse, by both linear and non-linear methods, computer-generated data with realistic `noise', where the parameters of the distribution can be set explicitly. We find that, with modern computers, non-linear analysis is straightforward and robust. The mean and variance of the distribution of diffusion constants can be obtained quite accurately for distributions of width (standard deviation/mean) up to about 0.6, but there appears to be little prospect of obtaining meaningful higher moments.

  10. Commencement Bay cumulative impact study: Historic review of special aquatic sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats area, of which Commencement Bay is a part, has been designated by the Environmental Protection Agency as a Superfund site. Development in and around Commencement Bay have resulted in significant shoreline alterations, loss of substantial aquatic, mudflat and delta wetland habitat, and degradation of water quality. Dredging of nearshore areas to support port and harbor facilities for the Port of Tacoma has been carried out since the turn of the century by public and private industry. Areas south of the waterways have been diked, filled, and channelized for construction of storage buildings, shipping facilities, and various commercial and industrial purposes. Continued development pressures, maintenance dredging, and other activities necessitate an evaluation of the cumulative impacts of such activities on the remaining aquatic sites of Commencement Bay. Various resource agency and tribal recommendations resulted in the Commencement Bay Cumulative Impact Study, which was designed to produce the most complete historic record documenting loss of special aquatic sites. The baseline information will be used to quantify the cumulative impacts beginning in the mid-1800's through 1941 as a management tool. Commencement Bay is generally defined as a geographic region of south Puget Sound in Washington State extending from Brown's Point to Point Defiance. It provides a natural harbor for ships because there are no bars or other obstructions at the entrance to the bay.

  11. Models and methods for frequency assignment with cumulative interference constraints Mireille Palpant1, Cristian Oliva2, Christian Artigues3, Philippe Michelon4, Mohamed Didi Biha5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Cumulative Interference Constraints, Linear Programming, Constraint Programming, Large Neighborhood Search. 1Models and methods for frequency assignment with cumulative interference constraints Mireille of interferences for frequency assignment in hertzian telecom- munication networks is presented. In contrast

  12. UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: N.L. McCook et al., Cumulative damage modeling of solid lubricant coatings that experience wear and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Wallace

    UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: N.L. McCook et al., Cumulative damage.1016/j.wear.2007.01.042 ARTICLE IN PRESS+Model WEA982061­6 Wear xxx (2007) xxx­xxx Cumulative damage fall closely to the fit for the cumulative damage model. This result also shows that these coatings

  13. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Columbia River Estuary, Annual Report 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Roegner, Curtis; Thom, Ronald M.; Dawley, Earl M.; Whiting, Allan H.; Johnson, Gary E.; Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Anderson, Michael G.; Ebberts, Blaine

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The restoration of wetland salmon habitat in the tidal portion of the Columbia River is occurring at an accelerating pace and is anticipated to improve habitat quality and effect hydrological reconnection between existing and restored habitats. Currently multiple groups are applying a variety of restoration strategies in an attempt to emulate historic estuarine processes. However, the region lacks both a standardized means of evaluating the effectiveness of individual projects as well as methods for determining the cumulative effects of all restoration projects on a regional scale. This project is working to establish a framework to evaluate individual and cumulative ecosystem responses to restoration activities in order to validate the effectiveness of habitat restoration activities designed to benefit salmon through improvements to habitat quality and habitat opportunity (i.e. access) in the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam to the ocean. The review and synthesis of approaches to measure the cumulative effects of multiple restoration projects focused on defining methods and metrics of relevance to the CRE, and, in particular, juvenile salmon use of this system. An extensive literature review found no previous study assessing the cumulative effects of multiple restoration projects on the fundamental processes and functions of a large estuarine system, although studies are underway in other large land-margin ecosystems including the Florida Everglades and the Louisiana coastal wetlands. Literature from a variety of scientific disciplines was consulted to identify the ways that effects can accumulate (e.g., delayed effects, cross-boundary effects, compounding effects, indirect effects, triggers and thresholds) as well as standard and innovative tools and methods utilized in cumulative effects analyses: conceptual models, matrices, checklists, modeling, trends analysis, geographic information systems, carrying capacity analysis, and ecosystem analysis. Potential indicators for detecting a signal in the estuarine system resulting from the multiple projects were also reviewed, i.e. organic matter production, nutrient cycling, sedimentation, food webs, biodiversity, salmon habitat usage, habitat opportunity, and allometry. In subsequent work, this information will be used to calculate the over net effect on the ecosystem. To evaluate the effectiveness of habitat restoration actions in the lower Columbia River and estuary, a priority of this study has been to develop a set of minimum ecosystem monitoring protocols based on metrics important for the CRE. The metrics include a suite of physical measurements designed to evaluate changes in hydrological and topographic features, as well as biological metrics that will quantify vegetation and fish community structure. These basic measurements, intended to be conducted at all restoration sites in the CRE, will be used to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of various restoration procedures on target metrics, and (2) provide the data to determine the cumulative effects of many restoration projects on the overall system. A protocol manual is being developed for managers, professional researchers, and informed volunteers, and is intended to be a practical technical guide for the design and implementation of monitoring for the effects of restoration activities. The guidelines are intended to standardize the collection of data critical for analyzing the anticipated ecological change resulting from restoration treatments. Field studies in 2005 are planned to initiate the testing and evaluation of these monitoring metrics and protocols and initiate the evaluation of higher order metrics for cumulative effects.

  14. Influence of initial size on higher cumulant ratios of net-proton number fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fengbo Xiong; Lizhu Chen; Lin Li; Zhiming Li; Yuanfang Wu

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the help of AMPT default model, we study the influence of initial size (centrality of collisions) on higher cumulant ratios of net-proton distributions. If the centrality is presented by impact parameter, there is a strong centrality dependent, in particular, in those peripheral collisions. This dependence is slightly reduced if the centrality is presented by number of participant, or charged multiplicity. However, the dynamical ratios are almost centrality independent. So the centrality dependence of dynamical ratios at RHIC beam energy scan are presented.

  15. Generator parameter uncertainties in the frequency-and-duration of cumulative margin events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tram, Nhat-Hanh

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hea f Depar ent Member Member Mem r 4f~d Q~ (, /U~d~m~ Member May 1977 ABSTRACT Generator Parameter Uncertainties in the Frequency-and-Duration of Cumulative Margin Events. (May 1977) Nhat-Hanh Tram, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman... VITA 69 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1. Generating Unit Parameters (Example for Sensitivity Studies) . 10 2. K Constants for Sensitivity Studies . 3. Frequency-and-Duration Sensitivities to A 4. Frequency-and-Duration Sensitivities to u 13 13 14...

  16. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  17. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  18. Cumulative arsenic exposure and lung cancer in smelter workers: a dose-response study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaerup, L.P.; Pershagen, G.; Wall, S.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cause-specific mortality was followed through 1981 in a cohort of 3,916 male Swedish smelter workers employed for at least 3 months from 1928 through 1967. Arsenic levels in the air of all workplaces within the smelter were estimated for three different time periods. Using this exposure matrix and detailed information of the work history, cumulative arsenic exposure could be computed for each worker. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for several dose categories using age-specific mortality rates from the county where the smelter was situated. A positive dose-response relationship was found between cumulative arsenic exposure and lung cancer mortality with an overall SMR of 372 (304-450, 95% confidence interval). The lung cancer mortality was related to the estimated average intensity of exposure to arsenic but not to the duration. No positive dose-response relationship was found between arsenic and ischemic heart disease or cerebrovascular disease. There was also no evident dose-response relationship between estimated exposure to sulfur dioxide and lung cancer.

  19. The potential of the Matagorda Bay area of Texas to attract and accommodate senior citizens for retirement living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynn, John Thomas

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at least two million new homes a year to keep up with the growth of our popula- tion. . . Above all, we will need more land, new housing, and orderly community development. For most of this population growth will be concentrated in the fringe areas... per minute (one-hundred-twenty-five divided by sixty minutes equals two) 17 U. S. , Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Special Staff on Aging, Em lo ment Securit and Retirement of the Older Worker. (Washington: U. S. Government Printing...

  20. Exact Stochastic Unraveling of an Optical Coherence Dynamics by Cumulant Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Olsina; Tobias Kramer; Christoph Kreisbeck; Tomas Mancal

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerically exact Monte Carlo scheme for calculation of open quantum system dynamics is proposed and implemented. The method consists of a Monte-Carlo summation of a perturbation expansion in terms of trajectories in Liouville phase-space with respect to the coupling between the excited states of the molecule. The trajectories are weighted by a complex decoherence factor based on the second-order cumulant expansion of the environmental evolution. The method can be used with an arbitrary environment characterized by a general correlation function and arbitrary coupling strength. It is formally exact for harmonic environments, and it can be used with arbitrary temperature. Time evolution of an optically excited Frenkel exciton dimer representing a molecular exciton interacting with a charge transfer state is calculated by the proposed method. We calculate the evolution of the optical coherence elements of the density matrix and linear absorption spectrum, and compare them with the predictions of standard simulation methods.

  1. Public service impacts of geothermal development: cumulative impacts study of the Geysers KGRA. Final staff report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, K.M.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of workers currently involved in the various aspects of geothermal development in the Geysers are identified. Using two different development scenarios, projections are made for the number of power plants needed to reach the electrical generation capacity of the steam resource in the Geysers. The report also projects the cumulative number of workers needed to develop the steam field and to construct, operate, and maintain these power plants. Although the number of construction workers fluctuates, most are not likely to become new, permanent residents of the KGRA counties. The administrative and public service costs of geothermal development to local jurisdications are examined, and these costs are compared to geothermal revenues accruing to the local governments. Revenues do not cover the immediate fiscal needs resulting from increases in local road maintenance and school enrollment attributable to geothermal development. Several mitigation options are discussed and a framework presented for calculating mitigation costs for school and road impacts.

  2. Addressing trend-related changes within cumulative effects studies in water resources planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canter, L.W., E-mail: envimptr@aol.com [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma and President, Canter Associates, Inc., Horseshoe Bay, TX (United States); Chawla, M.K. [ERDC-CERL, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Champaign, IL (United States)] [ERDC-CERL, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Champaign, IL (United States); Swor, C.T. [Canter Associates, Inc., Frankewing, TN (United States)] [Canter Associates, Inc., Frankewing, TN (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarized herein are 28 case studies wherein trend-related causative physical, social, or institutional changes were connected to consequential changes in runoff, water quality, and riparian and aquatic ecological features. The reviewed cases were systematically evaluated relative to their identified environmental effects; usage of analytical frameworks, and appropriate models, methods, and technologies; and the attention given to mitigation and/or management of the resultant causative and consequential changes. These changes also represent important considerations in project design and operation, and in cumulative effects studies associated therewith. The cases were grouped into five categories: institutional changes associated with legislation and policies (seven cases); physical changes from land use changes in urbanizing watersheds (eight cases); physical changes from land use changes and development projects in watersheds (four cases); physical, institutional, and social changes from land use and related policy changes in river basins (three cases); and multiple changes within a comprehensive study of land use and policy changes in the Willamette River Basin in Oregon (six cases). A tabulation of 110 models, methods and technologies used in the studies is also presented. General observations from this review were that the features were unique for each case; the consequential changes were logically based on the causative changes; the analytical frameworks provided relevant structures for the studies, and the identified methods and technologies were pertinent for addressing both the causative and consequential changes. One key lesson was that the cases provide useful, “real-world” illustrations of the importance of addressing trend-related changes in cumulative effects studies within water resources planning. Accordingly, they could be used as an “initial tool kit” for addressing trend-related changes.

  3. Evaluating Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Restoration Projects in the Columbia River Estuary, Annual Report 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Thom, Ronald M.; Borde, Amy B.; Roegner, G. C.; Whiting, Allan H.; Johnson, Gary E.; Dawley, Earl; Skalski, John R.; Vavrinec, John; Ebberts, Blaine D.

    2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the second annual report of a six-year project to evaluate the cumulative effects of habitat restoration projects in the Columbia River Estuary, conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Marine Sciences Laboratory, NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service Pt. Adams Biological Field Station, and the Columbia River Estuary Study Taskforce for the US Army Corps of Engineers. In 2005, baseline data were collected on two restoration sites and two associated reference sites in the Columbia River estuary. The sites represent two habitat types of the estuary--brackish marsh and freshwater swamp--that have sustained substantial losses in area and that may play important roles for salmonids. Baseline data collected included vegetation and elevation surveys, above and below-ground biomass, water depth and temperature, nutrient flux, fish species composition, and channel geometry. Following baseline data collection, three kinds of restoration actions for hydrological reconnection were implemented in several locations on the sites: tidegate replacements (2) at Vera Slough, near the city of Astoria in Oregon State, and culvert replacements (2) and dike breaches (3) at Kandoll Farm in the Grays River watershed in Washington State. Limited post-restoration data were collected: photo points, nutrient flux, water depth and temperature, and channel cross-sections. In subsequent work, this and additional post-restoration data will be used in conjunction with data from other sites to estimate net effects of hydrological reconnection restoration projects throughout the estuary. This project is establishing methods for evaluating the effectiveness of individual projects and a framework for assessing estuary-wide cumulative effects including a protocol manual for monitoring restoration and reference sites.

  4. Yield criteria for quasibrittle and frictional materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davide Bigoni; Andrea Piccolroaz

    2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A new yield/damage function is proposed for modelling the inelastic behaviour of a broad class of pressure-sensitive, frictional, ductile and brittle-cohesive materials. The yield function allows the possibility of describing a transition between the shape of a yield surface typical of a class of materials to that typical of another class of materals. This is a fundamental key to model the behaviour of materials which become cohesive during hardening (so that the shape of the yield surface evolves from that typical of a granular material to that typical of a dense material), or which decrease cohesion due to damage accumulation. The proposed yield function is shown to agree with a variety of experimental data relative to soil, concrete, rock, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers. The yield function represents a single, convex and smooth surface in stress space approaching as limit situations well-known criteria and the extreme limits of convexity in the deviatoric plane. The yield function is therefore a generalization of several criteria, including von Mises, Drucker-Prager, Tresca, modified Tresca, Coulomb-Mohr, modified Cam-clay, and --concerning the deviatoric section-- Rankine and Ottosen. Convexity of the function is proved by developing two general propositions relating convexity of the yield surface to convexity of the corresponding function. These propositions are general and therefore may be employed to generate other convex yield functions.

  5. Retirement Guidance One-on-One Consultations As part of our comprehensive benefits program, the Texas Tech University System offers complimentary one-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    . Before closing or consolidating accounts always consider all applicable fees, features, and benefits program, the Texas Tech University System offers complimentary one- on-one planning sessions with each. This is your opportunity to get answers to any questions about the Texas Tech University System's Retirement

  6. Petrology and geochemistry of Yamato 984028: a cumulate lherzolitic shergottite with affinities to Y 000027, Y 000047,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perfect, Ed

    Petrology and geochemistry of Yamato 984028: a cumulate lherzolitic shergottite with affinities 2010 Elsevier B.V. and NIPR All rights reserved. Keywords : Lherzolitic ; Shergottite ; Petrology://ees.elsevier.com/polar/ + MODEL Please cite this article in press as: Amy J.V. Riches et al., Petrology and geochemistry of Yamato

  7. A Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (CED), life cycle based, for industrial waste management decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puig, Rita, E-mail: rita.puig@eei.upc.edu [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Fullana-i-Palmer, Pere [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain); Baquero, Grau; Riba, Jordi-Roger [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Bala, Alba [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • We developed a methodology useful to environmentally compare industrial waste management options. • The methodology uses a Net Energy Demand indicator which is life cycle based. • The method was simplified to be widely used, thus avoiding cost driven decisions. • This methodology is useful for governments to promote the best environmental options. • This methodology can be widely used by other countries or regions around the world. - Abstract: Life cycle thinking is a good approach to be used for environmental decision-support, although the complexity of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies sometimes prevents their wide use. The purpose of this paper is to show how LCA methodology can be simplified to be more useful for certain applications. In order to improve waste management in Catalonia (Spain), a Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (LCA-based) has been used to obtain four mathematical models to help the government in the decision of preventing or allowing a specific waste from going out of the borders. The conceptual equations and all the subsequent developments and assumptions made to obtain the simplified models are presented. One of the four models is discussed in detail, presenting the final simplified equation to be subsequently used by the government in decision making. The resulting model has been found to be scientifically robust, simple to implement and, above all, fulfilling its purpose: the limitation of waste transport out of Catalonia unless the waste recovery operations are significantly better and justify this transport.

  8. Cumulative impacts study of The Geysers KGRA: public-service impacts of geothermal development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, K.M.

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal development in The Geysers KGRA has affected local public services and fiscal resources in Sonoma, Lake, Mendocino, and Napa counties. Each of these counties underwent rapid population growth between 1970 and 1980, some of which can be attributed to geothermal development. The number of workers currently involved in the various aspects of geothermal development in The Geysers is identified. Using three different development scenarios, projections are made for the number of power plants needed to reach the electrical generation capacity of the steam resource in The Geysers. The report also projects the cumulative number of workers needed to develop the steam field and to construct, operate, and maintain these power plants. Although the number of construction workers fluctuates, most are not likely to become new, permanent residents of the KGRA counties. The administrative and public service costs of geothermal development to local jurisdictions are examined and compared to geothermal revenues accruing to the local governments. Revenues do not cover the immediate fiscal needs resulting from increases in local road maintenance and school enrollment attributable to geothermal development. Several mitigation options are discussed, and a framework is presented for calculating mitigation costs per unit of public service.

  9. Probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions in performance assessment for radioactive waste disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A formal description of the structure of several recent performance assessments (PAs) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is given in terms of the following three components: a probability space (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) for stochastic uncertainty, a probability space (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}) for subjective uncertainty and a function (i.e., a random variable) defined on the product space associated with (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) and (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}). The explicit recognition of the existence of these three components allows a careful description of the use of probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions within the WIPP PA. This usage is illustrated in the context of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, Subpart B). The paradigm described in this presentation can also be used to impose a logically consistent structure on PAs for other complex systems.

  10. Revenue impacts of airline yield management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Chung Yu

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the highly competitive airline industry today, Yield or Revenue Management is extremely important to the survival of any carrier. Since fares are generally matched by all carriers to be competitive, the ability of an ...

  11. Determination of radionuclides and pathways contributing to cumulative dose. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project: Dose code recovery activities, Calculation 004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, B.A.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of scoping calculations has been undertaken to evaluate the absolute and relative contributions of different radionuclides and exposure pathways to doses that may have been received by individuals living in the vicinity of the Hanford Site. This scoping calculation (Calculation 004) examined the contributions of numerous radionuclides to cumulative dose via environmental exposures and accumulation in foods. Addressed in this calculation were the contributions to organ and effective dose of infants and adults from (1) air submersion and groundshine external dose, (2) inhalation, (3) ingestion of soil by humans, (4) ingestion of leafy vegetables, (5) ingestion of other vegetables and fruits, (6) ingestion of meat, (7) ingestion of eggs, and (8) ingestion of cows` milk from Feeding Regime 1, as described in calculation 002. This calculation specifically addresses cumulative radiation doses to infants and adults resulting from releases occurring over the period 1945 through 1972.

  12. Experimental and theoretical study of the yields of residual product nuclei produced in thin targets irradiated by 100-2600 MeV protons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titarenko, Y E; Karpikhin, E I

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the project is measurements and computer simulations of independent and cumulative yields of residual product nuclei in thin targets relevant as target materials and structure materials for hybrid accelerator-driven systems coupled to high-energy proton accelerators. The yields of residual product nuclei are of great importance when estimating such basic radiation-technology characteristics of hybrid facility targets as the total target activity, target 'poisoning', buildup of long-lived nuclides that, in turn, are to be transmuted, product nuclide (Po) alpha-activity, content of low-pressure evaporated nuclides (Hg), content of chemically-active nuclides that spoil drastically the corrosion resistance of the facility structure materials, etc. In view of the above, radioactive product nuclide yields from targets and structure materials were determined by an experiment using the ITEP U-10 proton accelerator in 51 irradiation runs for different thin targets: sup 1 sup 8 sup 2 sup , sup 1 sup 8 ...

  13. Yield Stress Materials in Soft Condensed Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Bonn; Jose Paredes; Morton M. Denn; Ludovic Berthier; Thibaut Divoux; Sébastien Manneville

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive review of the physical behavior of yield stress materials in soft condensed matter, which encompasses a broad range of soft materials from colloidal assemblies and gels to emulsions and non-Brownian suspensions. All these disordered materials display a nonlinear response to an external mechanical forcing, which results from the existence of a finite force threshold for flow to occur, the yield stress. We discuss both the physical origin and the rheological consequences associated with this nonlinear behavior. We give an overview of the different experimental techniques developed to measure the yield stress. We discuss extensively the recent progress concerning a microscopic description of the flow dynamics of yield stress materials, emphasizing in particular the role played by relaxation timescales, the interplay between shear flow and aging behavior, the existence of inhomogeneous shear flows and shear bands, wall slip, and non-local effects in confined geometries. We finally review the status of modeling of the shear rheology of yield stress materials in the framework of continuum mechanics.

  14. The follow-up inspection of selected aspects of the Department of Energy`s administration of post retirement health benefits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In a September 1990 report entitled, ``General Management Inspection of the San Francisco Operations Office,`` we made recommendations to Departmental officials regarding the administration of M&O contractor post retirement health benefits. The majority of these recommendations were directed to the administration of benefits paid by one M&O contractor, the University of California. The purpose of this inspection was to determine what actions Departmental officials have taken in response to the recommendations made in our September 1990 report.

  15. Maximum Economic Yield R. Quentin Grafton*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    in the biomass or stock size, the intrinsic growth rate, the discount rate 1 #12;and output and input price-state values of the biomass that maximises the sum of inter- temporal economic profits (dynamic b the biomass that maximises the sustained yield (bMSY) are evaluated under a range of conditions including when

  16. Ecosystem Viable Yields Michel De Lara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ecosystem Viable Yields Michel De Lara Eladio Oca~na Ricardo Oliveros-Ramos Jorge Tam April 21- cation of the ecosystem approach by 2010. However, at the same Summit, the signatory States undertook ecosystemic dimension, since MSY is computed species by species, on the basis of a monospecific model

  17. Ecosystem Viable Yields Michel De Lara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ecosystem Viable Yields Michel De Lara Eladio Oca~na Ricardo Oliveros-Ramos Jorge Tam November the appli- cation of the ecosystem approach by 2010. However, at the same Summit, the signatory States without ecosystemic dimension, since MSY is computed species by species, on the basis of a monospecific

  18. Original article Enhancement of yield and persistence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    endophyte isolate in France Catherine Ravela François Balfouriera Jean Jacques Guillauminb aUnité d March 1999; accepted 6 July 1999) Abstract - The contribution of Neotyphodium endophytes the yield and persistence of three endophyte-infected (E.I.) and endophyte-free (E.F.) perennial ryegrass

  19. Impossible Bean Burrito Bake Yield: 6 servings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Impossible Bean Burrito Bake Yield: 6 servings 1- 16 ounce can refried beans 1 cup MASTER MIX ¼ cup over medium heat, brown ground meat. Drain fat. Remove from heat. 3. Mix refried beans, MASTER MIX and water in a mixing bowl. Spread mixture in bottom and halfway up sides of pie pan. 4. On top of bean

  20. Yield learning model for integrated circuit package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramaniam, Gaurishankar

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the Plastic Quad Flat Pack and the Ceramic Ball Grid Array at IBM, and the Plastic Ball Grid Array at Motorola. This model has been used as a management toot for making yield predictions, resource allocations, understanding operating practices and provide what...

  1. applications diagnostic yields: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    filtering for nonlinear parameter estimation and data assimilation with application to crop yield prediction Physics Websites Summary: candidate for yield prediction applications...

  2. Low Odor, High Yield Kraft Pulping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W.T. McKean

    2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In laboratory cooks pure oxygen was profiled into the circulation line of a batch digester during two periods of the cooking cycle: The first injection occurred during the heating steps for the purpose of in-situ generation of polysulfide. This chip treatment was studied to explore stabilization against alkaline induced carbohydrate peeling and to increase pulp yield. Under optimum conditions small amounts of polysulfide were produced with yield increase of about 0.5% These increases fell below earlier reports suggesting that unknown differences in liquor composition may influence the relative amounts of polysulfide and thiosulfate generated during the oxidation. Consequently, further studies are required to understand the factors that influence the ratios of those two sulfur species.

  3. Modeling the Yield Curve Statistics Department, Wharton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stine, Robert A.

    makes it interesting and important? Examples Cash Commodities (primarily crude oil) Data analysis. Light crude oil, same date as prior slide 6 2 4 6 8 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 2008.16 #12;Questions What 9 2 4 6 8 10 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 #12;Plots: Light Crude Yields on crude over same 100 days

  4. A Levels-of-Evidence Approach for Assessing Cumulative Ecosystem Response to Estuary and River Restoration Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Thom, Ronald M.; Johnson, Gary E.; Skalski, J. R.; Vogt, Kristiina A.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Roegner, G. Curtis; Dawley, Earl

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Even though large-scale ecological restoration programs are beginning to supplement isolated projects implemented on rivers and tidal waterways, the effects of restoration success often continue to be evaluated at project scales or by integration in an additive manner. Today our scientific understanding is sufficient that we can begin to apply lessons learnt from assessing cumulative impacts of anthropogenic stressors on ecosystems to the assessment of ecological restoration. Integration of this knowledge has the potential to increase the efficacy of restoration projects conducted at several locations but co-managed within the confines of a larger integrative program. We introduce here a framework based on a levels-of-evidence approach that facilitates assessment of the cumulative landscape effects of individual restoration actions taken at many different locations. It incorporates data collection at restoration and reference sites, hydrodynamic modeling, geographic information systems, and meta-analyses in a five-stage process: design, data, analysis, synthesis and evaluation, and application. This framework evolved from the need to evaluate the efficacy of restoration projects designed to increase rearing habitat for outmigrating juvenile salmonids, which are being implemented in numerous wetlands on the 235-km tidal portion of the Columbia River, U.S.A.

  5. Can Naked Singularities Yield Gamma Ray Bursts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Antia

    1998-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray bursts are believed to be the most luminous objects in the Universe. There has been some suggestion that these arise from quantum processes around naked singularities. The main problem with this suggestion is that all known examples of naked singularities are massless and hence there is effectively no source of energy. It is argued that a globally naked singularity coupled with quantum processes operating within a distance of the order of Planck length of the singularity will probably yield energy burst of the order of M_pc^2\\approx2\\times 10^{16} ergs, where M_p is the Planck mass.

  6. Ashland's new process could boost gasoline yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkins, O.E.

    1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    According to O. E. Atkins (Ashland Oil Co.), Ashland's new fluid catalytic cracking process will convert heavy residual oil to (% by vol) 11% fuel gas, 4.8% LNG, 75.7% gasoline (if all the produced olefins are converted to gasoline), 9% distillates, and 8.1% heavy fuel oil. Ashland is building a $70 million, 40,000 bbl/day unit at its 215,000 bbl/day Catlettsburg, Ky., refinery which will increase the present 90,000 bbl/day gasoline yield by 25,000 bbl/day for the same amount of feedstock. The increased gasoline yield (no-lead octane rating of 94) is expected to increase the net margin on a barrel of feed from $8 up to $12, at the present prices of $11.50/bbl of residual oil and $40/bbl of gasoline. Ashland has not disclosed detailed information on the new process, which: can accommodate atmospheric residua that are high in sulfur and metals; is a high temperature, low (about 1 atm) pressure process; does not use hydrogen; uses a proprietary new crystalline silica-alumina microspherical (zeolite) catalyst which, via a proprietary passivating technique, will demetalize crude oil fractions of vanadium and nickel. Residuum cracking processes developed by other companies are briefly discussed.

  7. A Tribute to Professor David V. Edmonds on the Eve of his Retirement Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    .D. (1965-1968) in Physical Metallurgy at the University of Birmingham. His doctoral studies on yield Oxford University in the Department of Metallurgy and Science of Materials (originally founded by Hume-Rothery in the 1950's) as a Lecturer in Industrial Metallurgy, and the first metallurgy Fellow at St. Anne's College

  8. RETIREMENT CENTER MISSION STATEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    their free, fall financial planning sessions. UC Budget: The Regents have endorsed the state budget amid to the University and community life, including Berkeley Project Day with over 2,000 student volunteers. Retiree for the announcement about two tours this fall semester. Financial Planning: On p. 6 Fidelity Investments highlights

  9. CSRS Retirement Seminar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Registration link:  CHRIS  000033/0091 $600.00Course Type: Classroom Course Location: Forrestal RM-GH 043Course Description:  This seminar is designed to stimulate positive thinking towards proper...

  10. Retirement Kjell Johnsen

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A l'occasion de son 65me anniversaire plusieurs orateurs (aussi l'ambassadeur de Norvège) remercient Kjell Johnsen, né en juin 1921 en Norvège, pour ses 34 ans de service au Cern et retracent sa vie et son travail. K.Johnsen a pris part aux premières études sur les accélérateurs du futur centre de physique et fut aussi le père et le premier directeur de l'Ecole du Cern sur les accélérateurs (CAS)

  11. Carver Retirement Plans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruary 26,ComputersTrinitytheOptimization Performance

  12. Retirement Plaque Request Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-Ray Scattering

  13. Berkeley Lab Retirement Plaques

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like3.3BenefitsSearch This pageResearch

  14. House Retirement Timeline

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football Highdefault SignInstitute / Texas A&MAbout

  15. Cumulative analysis of the association between the gravitational wave detectors NAUTILUS and EXPLORER and the gamma-ray bursts detected by BATSE and BeppoSAX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Astone; D. Babusci; M. Bassan; P. Carelli; E. Coccia; C. Cosmelli; S. D'Antonio; V. Fafone; F. Frontera; G. Giordano; C. Guidorzi; A. Marini; Y. Minenkov; I. Modena; G. Modestino; A. Moleti; E. Montanari; G. V. Pallottino; G. Pizzella; L. Quintieri; A. Rocchi; F. Ronga; L. Sperandio; R. Terenzi; G. Torrioli; M. Visco

    2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The statistical association between the output of the Gravitational Wave (GW) detectors EXPLORER and NAUTILUS and a list of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) detected by the satellite experiments BATSE and BeppoSAX has been analyzed using cumulative algorithms. GW detector data collected between 1991 and 1999 have been correlated to the GRB flux peak times. The cumulative analysis of a large number of GRBs (387) allows to push the upper bound for the corresponding GW burst amplitude down to $h = 2.5\\cdot10^{-19}$.

  16. Yield, variance and spatial distribution of electron–hole...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Yield, variance and spatial distribution of electron–hole pairs in CsI. Yield, variance and spatial distribution of electron–hole pairs in CsI. Abstract: A Monte Carlo...

  17. Estimation of dibaryon (OO) yields at RHIC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong-Dao Lu

    2002-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The yields of dibaryon (Omega-Omega) in relativistic heavy ion collisions, especially at RHIC energies, are estimated by statistical model. The yields of hyperon Omega- and the ratio of dibaryon to Omega are also given.

  18. Sandia National Laboratories: high quantum yield under blue excitation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    quantum yield under blue excitation Sandia Develops a Synthesis of Quantum Dots that Increases the Quantum Yield to 95.5% On May 23, 2013, in Energy, Energy Efficiency, Materials...

  19. Fusion yield: Guderley model and Tsallis statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haubold, H J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction rate probability integral is extended from Maxwell-Boltzmann approach to a more general approach by using the pathway model introduced by Mathai [Mathai A.M.:2005, A pathway to matrix-variate gamma and normal densities, Linear Algebra and Its Applications}, 396, 317-328]. The extended thermonuclear reaction rate is obtained in closed form via a Meijer's G-function and the so obtained G-function is represented as a solution of a homogeneous linear differential equation. A physical model for the hydrodynamical process in a fusion plasma compressed and laser-driven spherical shock wave is used for evaluating the fusion energy integral by integrating the extended thermonuclear reaction rate integral over the temperature. The result obtained is compared with the standard fusion yield obtained by Haubold and John in 1981.[Haubold, H.J. and John, R.W.:1981, Analytical representation of the thermonuclear reaction rate and fusion energy production in a spherical plasma shock wave, Plasma Physics, 23, 399-...

  20. Optimizing Doppler Surveys for Planet Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bottom, Michael; Johnson, John Asher; Blake, Cullen H

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most promising methods of discovering nearby, low-mass planets in the habitable zones of stars is the precision radial velocity technique. However, there are many challenges that must be overcome to efficiently detect low-amplitude Doppler signals. This is both due to the required instrumental sensitivity and the limited amount of observing time. In this paper, we examine statistical and instrumental effects on precision radial velocity detection of extrasolar planets, an approach by which we maximize the planet yield in a fixed amount of observing time available on a given telescope. From this perspective, we show that G and K dwarfs observed at 400-600 nm are the best targets for surveys complete down to a given planet mass and out to a specified orbital period. Overall we find that M dwarfs observed at 700-800 nm are the best targets for habitable-zone planets, particularly when including the effects of systematic noise floors. Also, we give quantitative specifications of the instrumental stabil...

  1. A versatile detector for total fluorescence and electron yield experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thielemann, N. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Hoffmann, P. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Foehlisch, A. [Institute for Methods and Instrumentation for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The combination of a non-coated silicon photodiode with electron repelling meshes makes a versatile detector for total fluorescence yield and electron yield techniques highly suitable for x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In particular, a copper mesh with a bias voltage allows to suppress or transmit the electron yield signal. The performance of this detection scheme has been characterized by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure studies of thermal oxidized silicon and sapphire. The results show that the new detector probes both electron yield and for a bias voltage exceeding the maximum photon energy the total fluorescence yield.

  2. Solvent dehydration system cuts energy use, improves dewaxed oil yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scalise, J.M.; Button, H.O.; Graves, D.C.

    1984-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent development can be applied in solvent dewaxing plants to reduce energy requirements, simplify operations, reduce maintenance, improve oil yields, and offer capacity gains. Known as the Nofsinger Solvent Dehydration System, this development is being successfully utilized by Ashland Oil Inc. in its Catlettsburg, Ky., refinery to achieve several of these goals. A net savings of approximately $490,000/year was calculated at design throughput. This yields a return on investment of approximately 20% without consideration of any yield effects. Improvements in yield were not included because simultaneous design changes in the unit did not permit Ashland to quantify any yield savings that may have occurred.

  3. This document is the result of a major interdisciplinary effort to synthesize our understanding of the cumulative watershed effects of fuel management. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    understanding of the cumulative watershed effects of fuel management. This document is the product of more thanForeword This document is the result of a major interdisciplinary effort to synthesize our topics include overviews of the effects of fuel management on both terrestrial and aquatic watershed

  4. Effect of row spacing on yield and yield components of winter wheat cultivars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Ross Jay

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE August 19I7 Nsj or Subject: Plant Breeding EFFECT OF ROii SPACING GN YIELD AND YLELD GGMPONENFS OF WINIER WHEAT CULTIVARS A Thesis ROSS JAY PETERS (Chairman of Committee of De artme t) p( (Member (Membe r) August 1977 EFFECT OF BC...!A SPACINC ON YL LD AND YLELD C(24PONENJS OF MINTER VREAT CDLTIVABS. (August 19i7) BOSS . TAY PETERS S. S. , Arisona State University Chairman of Adviso"y Commi t tee; Dr. Earl Gilmore Tn 197 ~ six locally adapted winter w! est (Trit'. curn acstiv::m L...

  5. Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Print Cells depend on contact with their outside environment in order to thrive. Two examples illustrate...

  6. Innovative, lower cost sensors and controls yield better energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and controls yield better energy efficiency ORNL researchers are experimenting with additive roll-to-roll manufacturing techniques to develop low-cost wireless sensors....

  7. Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

  8. approach yields decreased: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Taberlet; Sbastien Manneville 2013-11-27 32 Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites...

  9. Solar Decathlon house continues to yield data | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Decathlon house continues to yield data ORNL, University of Tennessee to continue lessons learned in DOE solar energy competition Courtesy of: UT College of Architecture and...

  10. Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ionic Liquid Processing Increasing sugar yields from diverse biomass feedstock with ionic liquid processing and cultivation of renewable ionic liquids Liberating Sugars from...

  11. Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust Diamond-Based RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication Capabilities Technology available for licesning: A radio frequency (RF) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) switch...

  12. 2D monolayers could yield thinnest solar cells ever

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have shown how using a different type of material could yield thinner, more lightweight solar panels that provide power densities - watts per kilogram of material - orders of...

  13. Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moses, William W; Cherepy, Nerine; Hull, Giulia; Drobshoff, Alexander; Payne, Stephen; van Loef, Edgar; Wilson, Cody; Shah, Kanai; Roy, Utpal N.; Burger, Arnold; Boatner, Lynn; Choong, Woon-Seng; Moses, William

    2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Europium-doped strontium and barium iodide are found to be readily growable by the Bridgman method and to produce high scintillation light yields.

  14. Weather-based yield forecasts developed for 12 California crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobell, David; Cahill, Kimberly Nicholas; Field, Christopher

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Weather-based yield forecasts developed fordepend largely on the weather, measurements from existingpredictions. We developed weather-based models of statewide

  15. Chapter 26 Cumulative Impacts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C oCNMSStaffCeriumfor the 20122-19-13-16-1 November

  16. Search for the decays J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{rho}{phi} and J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{rho}{omega}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 58x10{sup 6} J/{psi} events collected with the Beijing Spectrometer (BESII) at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider, the decays J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{phi}{rho} and J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{omega}{rho} are searched for, and upper limits on their branching fractions are reported at the 90% C.L. No clear structures are observed in the {gamma}{rho}, {gamma}{phi}, or {rho}{phi} mass spectra for J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{phi}{rho} nor in the {gamma}{rho}, {gamma}{omega}, or {rho}{omega} mass spectra for J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{omega}{rho}.

  17. Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=7.7-200$ GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; R. Akimoto; H. Al-Bataineh; J. Alexander; H. Al-Ta'ani; A. Angerami; K. Aoki; N. Apadula; Y. Aramaki; H. Asano; E. C. Aschenauer; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; M. Bai; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; B. Bannier; K. N. Barish; B. Bassalleck; A. T. Basye; S. Bathe; V. Baublis; C. Baumann; S. Baumgart; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Belmont; R. Bennett; A. Berdnikov; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; D. Black; D. S. Blau; J. S. Bok; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; J. Bryslawskyj; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; S. Butsyk; C. M. Camacho; S. Campbell; P. Castera; C. -H. Chen; C. Y. Chi; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; J. B. Choi; S. Choi; R. K. Choudhury; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; P. Chung; O. Chvala; V. Cianciolo; Z. Citron; B. A. Cole; M. Connors; P. Constantin; N. Cronin; N. Crossette; M. Csanád; T. Csörg?; T. Dahms; S. Dairaku; I. Danchev; K. Das; A. Datta; M. S. Daugherity; G. David; K. Dehmelt; A. Denisov; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; K. V. Dharmawardane; O. Dietzsch; L. Ding; A. Dion; J. H. Do; M. Donadelli; L. D'Orazio; O. Drapier; A. Drees; K. A. Drees; J. M. Durham; A. Durum; D. Dutta; S. Edwards; Y. V. Efremenko; F. Ellinghaus; T. Engelmore; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; S. Esumi; K. O. Eyser; B. Fadem; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; T. Fusayasu; K. Gainey; C. Gal; P. Garg; A. Garishvili; I. Garishvili; F. Giordano; A. Glenn; H. Gong; X. Gong; M. Gonin; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; Y. Gu; T. Gunji; L. Guo; H. -Å. Gustafsson; T. Hachiya; J. S. Haggerty; K. I. Hahn; H. Hamagaki; J. Hamblen; R. Han; J. Hanks; E. P. Hartouni; K. Hashimoto; E. Haslum; R. Hayano; S. Hayashi; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. C. Hill; M. Hohlmann; R. S. Hollis; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; Y. Hori; D. Hornback; S. Huang; T. Ichihara; R. Ichimiya; J. Ide; H. Iinuma; Y. Ikeda; K. Imai; Y. Imazu; J. Imrek; M. Inaba; A. Iordanova; D. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; A. Isinhue; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; D. Ivanishchev; B. V. Jacak; M. Javani; J. Jia; X. Jiang; J. Jin; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; D. S. Jumper; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; S. Kaneti; B. H. Kang; J. H. Kang; J. S. Kang; J. Kapustinsky; K. Karatsu; M. Kasai; D. Kawall; M. Kawashima; A. V. Kazantsev; T. Kempel; J. A. Key; P. K. Khandai; A. Khanzadeev; K. M. Kijima; B. I. Kim; C. Kim; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; E. -J. Kim; H. J. Kim; K. -B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. -J. Kim; Y. K. Kim; E. Kinney; K. Kiriluk; Á. Kiss; E. Kistenev; J. Klatsky; D. Kleinjan; P. Kline; L. Kochenda; Y. Komatsu; B. Komkov; M. Konno; J. Koster; D. Kotchetkov; D. Kotov; A. Kozlov; A. Král; A. Kravitz; F. Krizek; G. J. Kunde; K. Kurita; M. Kurosawa; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; B. Lee; D. M. Lee; J. Lee; K. Lee; K. B. Lee; K. S. Lee; S. H. Lee; S. R. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; M. Leitgab; E. Leitner; B. Lenzi; B. Lewis; X. Li; P. Liebing; S. H. Lim; L. A. Linden Levy; T. Liška; A. Litvinenko; H. Liu; M. X. Liu; B. Love; R. Luechtenborg; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; M. Makek; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; A. Manion; V. I. Manko; E. Mannel; Y. Mao; T. Maruyama; H. Masui; S. Masumoto; F. Matathias; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; D. McGlinchey; C. McKinney; N. Means; A. Meles; M. Mendoza; B. Meredith; Y. Miake; T. Mibe; J. Midori; A. C. Mignerey; P. Mikeš; K. Miki; A. Milov; D. K. Mishra; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; Y. Miyachi; S. Miyasaka; A. K. Mohanty; S. Mohapatra; H. J. Moon; Y. Morino; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; M. Moskowitz; S. Motschwiller; T. V. Moukhanova; T. Murakami; J. Murata; A. Mwai; T. Nagae; S. Nagamiya; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; M. I. Nagy; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; K. R. Nakamura; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; C. Nattrass; A. Nederlof; P. K. Netrakanti; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; M. Nihashi; T. Niida; R. Nouicer; N. Novitzky; A. Nukariya; A. S. Nyanin; H. Obayashi; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; M. Oka; K. Okada; Y. Onuki; A. Oskarsson; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; B. H. Park; I. H. Park; J. Park; S. Park; S. K. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; L. Patel; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; D. V. Perepelitsa; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; R. Petti; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. Proissl; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; K. Reygers; D. Reynolds; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; E. Richardson; N. Riveli; D. Roach; G. Roche; S. D. Rolnick; M. Rosati; C. A. Rosen; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; P. Ruži?ka; M. S. Ryu; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; K. Sakashita; H. Sako; V. Samsonov; M. Sano; S. Sano; M. Sarsour; S. Sato; T. Sato; S. Sawada; K. Sedgwick

    2015-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the measurement of cumulants ($C_n, n=1\\ldots4$) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity ($|\\eta|energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of $C_1/C_2 = \\mu/\\sigma^2$ and $C_3/C_1 = S\\sigma^3/\\mu$ can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy.

  18. Introducing the Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster Aston Chipanshi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    for crop yield forecasting and risk analysis. Using the Census Agriculture Region (CAR) as the unit Climate Decision Support and Adaptation, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1011, Innovation Blvd, Saskatoon, SK S7V 1B7, Canada The Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster (CCYF) is a statistical modelling tool

  19. Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Yield in a Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Yield in a Marine Cyanobacterium/conclusion · future work that will be done to increase biofuel yield #12;Problems? · Many na@al renewable source of energy -Biofuel produc@on from aqua@c photoautotroph

  20. Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal voids Vincent-Leblond-Devaux's (GLD) analysis of an rigid-ideal plastic (von Mises) spheroidal volume containing a confocal spheroidal of the proposed approximate yield criterion for plastic anisotropic media containing non-spherical voids

  1. assessing yield optimization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    assessing yield optimization First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Sensitivity of Yield...

  2. Re-publication of the data from the BILL magnetic spectrometer: The cumulative $?$ spectra of the fission products of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Haag; W. Gelletly; F. von Feilitzsch; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; K. Schreckenbach; A. A. Sonzogni

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 1980s, measurements of the cumulative $\\beta$ spectra of the fission products following the thermal neutron induced fission of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu were performed at the magnetic spectrometer BILL at the ILL in Grenoble. This data was published in bins of 250 keV. In this paper, we re-publish the original data in a binning of 50 keV for $^{235}$U and 100 keV for $^{239}$Pu and $^{241}$Pu.

  3. A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marine reserves and traditional fisheries management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Crow; Kendall, Bruce E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Botsford, L. W. 1999. Equivalence in yield from marineJune 2007 A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marineidentical model generates equivalence in yield between the

  4. Search for B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +}, X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica Departamento ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Palano, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039 (China); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)] (and others)

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a study of B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{gamma}K{sup +} decays, we find evidence for the radiative decay X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma} with a statistical significance of 3.4{sigma}. We measure the product of branching fractions B(B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +}){center_dot}B(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma})=(3.3{+-}1.0{+-}0.3)x10{sup -6}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. We also measure the branching fraction B(B{sup +}{yields}{chi}{sub c1}K{sup +})=(4.9{+-}0.2{+-}0.4)x10{sup -4}. These results are obtained from (287{+-}3) million BB decays collected at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B Factory at SLAC.

  5. Dynamic and rate-dependent yielding in model cohesive suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Buscall; Peter J. Scales; Anthony D. Stickland; Hui-En Teo; Tiara E. Kusuma; Daniel R. Lester

    2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental system has been found recently, a coagulated CaCO3 suspension system, which shows very variable yield behaviour depending upon how it is tested and, specifically, at what rate it is sheared. At P\\'eclet numbers Pe > 1 it behaves as a simple Herschel Bulkley liquid, whereas at Pe < 1 highly non-monotonic flow curves are seen. In controlled stress testing it shows hysteresis and shear banding and in the usual type of stress scan, used to measure flow curves in controlled stress mode routinely, it can show very erratic and irreproducible behaviour. All of these features will be attributed here to a dependence of the solid phase, or, yield stress, on the prevailing rate of shear at the yield point. Stress growth curves obtained from step strain-rate testing showed that this rate-dependence was a consequence of P\\'eclet number dependent strain softening. At very low Pe, yield was cooperative and the yield strain was order-one, whereas as Pe approached unity, the yield strain reduced to that needed to break interparticle bonds, causing the yield stress to be greatly reduced. It is suspected that rate-dependent yield could well be the rule rather than the exception for cohesive suspensions more generally. If so, then the Herschel-Bulkley equation can usefully be generalized to read (in simple shear). The proposition that rate-dependent yield might be general for cohesive suspensions is amenable to critical experimental testing by a range of means and along lines suggested.

  6. Observation of J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H.; Park, C. S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Yang, F. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Artuso, M.; Blusk, S.; Khalil, S.; Li, J.; Mountain, R.; Nisar, S.; Randrianarivony, K. [Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 (United States)] (and others)

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first observation of the decay J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma}. The signal has a statistical significance of 6{sigma} and corresponds to a branching fraction of B(J/{psi}{yields}3{gamma})=(1.2{+-}0.3{+-}0.2)x10{sup -5}, in which the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. The measurement uses {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi} events acquired with the CLEO-c detector operating at the CESR e{sup +}e{sup -} collider.

  7. Plasmonic light yield enhancement of a liquid scintillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bignell, Lindsey J.; Jackson, Timothy W. [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia)] [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Mume, Eskender [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia) [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Center of Excellence in Anti-matter Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra (Australia); Lee, George P. [Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia)] [Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia)

    2013-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate modifications to the light yield properties of an organic liquid scintillator due to the localization of the tertiary fluorophore component to the surface of Ag-core silica-shell nanoparticles. We attribute this enhancement to the near-field interaction of Ag nanoparticle plasmons with these fluor molecules. The scintillation light yield enhancement is shown to be equal to the fluorescence enhancement within measurement uncertainties. With a suitable choice of plasmon energy and scintillation fluor, this effect may be used to engineer scintillators with enhanced light yields for radiation detection applications.

  8. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    geothermal, wood, wood waste, all municipal waste, landfill gas, other biomass, solar, wind, pumped storage, and fuel cells. h IHSGI cumulative capacity retirements are...

  9. Study of B{yields}X(3872)K, with X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] (and others)

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present measurements of the decays B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +} and B{sup 0}{yields}X(3872)K{sup 0} with X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}. The data sample used, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage ring, corresponds to 455x10{sup 6}BB pairs. Branching fraction measurements of B(B{sup +}{yields}X(3872)K{sup +})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(8.4{+-}1.5{+-}0.7)x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup 0}{yields}X(3872)K{sup 0})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(3.5{+-}1.9{+-}0.4)x10{sup -6} are obtained. We set an upper limit on the natural width of the X(3872) of {gamma}<3.3 MeV/c{sup 2} at the 90% confidence level.

  10. A Computational Study of Feeding Rules and Yield Improvement Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    A Computational Study of Feeding Rules and Yield Improvement Techniques Christoph Beckermann improvement techniques is presented. The computer simulations were performed using a commercial solidification chills (termed passive methods), and active heating and cooling are presented and compared. The benefits

  11. Future Yield Growth: What Evidence from Historical Data?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitiaux, Xavier

    The potential future role of biofuels has become an important topic in energy legislation as it is seen as a potential low carbon alternative to conventional fuels. Hence, future yield growth is an important topic from ...

  12. Bird Communities and Biomass Yields in Potential Bioenergy Grasslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    providing bird habitat. Bioenergy grasslands promote agricultural multifunctionality and conservationBird Communities and Biomass Yields in Potential Bioenergy Grasslands Peter J. Blank1 *, David W, Wisconsin, United States of America Abstract Demand for bioenergy is increasing, but the ecological

  13. Plant-Wide Energy Conservation Program Yields Impressive Results 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adlkes, R. P.; Zupko, A. J.; Adams, J. W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to heating system and process changes by Installing improved boiler control systems and Initiating operator training programs. ? When rebuilding heat treating equipment, ceramic fiber insulation was used, yielding reduced heat losses and faster...

  14. Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachter, Lior

    Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution Rat Genome Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality `draft' covering over 90% of the genome

  15. Hierarchy of scales in B{yields}PS decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delepine, D.; Lucio M, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato Loma del Bosque no 103, Lomas del Campestre, 37150 Leon, Guanajuato (Mexico); Mendoza S, J. A. [Depto. de Fisica-Matematicas, Universidad de Pamplona Pamplona, Norte de Santander (Colombia); Ramirez, Carlos A. [Escuela de Fisica, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the naive factorization approach can accommodate the existence of the observed hierarchy of branching ratios for the B{yields}PS decays (P stands for pseudoscalar and S for scalar mesons respectively.

  16. analysis yields potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the a3 R u and 13 R g states of Li2 has yielded accurate analytic potential energy functions for both states. The recommended M3LR8:0 5;33? potential for the a3...

  17. Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Interstitial Redundancy FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis cumbersome equipment with minia- turized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems

  18. TOWARDS STANDARDIZATION OF CSP YIELD ASSESSMENTS Richard Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    TOWARDS STANDARDIZATION OF CSP YIELD ASSESSMENTS Richard Meyer 1 , Hans Georg Beyer 2 , Jörg Schmidt 1 , and Marko Schwandt 5 1 EPURON GmbH, Anckelmannsplatz 1, 20537 Hamburg, Germany, r.meyer

  19. Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #843: Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction

  20. A Monte Carlo procedure for the construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions for comparison with the EPA release limits for radioactive waste disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, J.C.; Shiver, A.W.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Monte Carlo procedure for the construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) for comparison with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) release limits for radioactive waste disposal (40 CFR 191, Subpart B) is described and illustrated with results from a recent performance assessment (PA) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The Monte Carlo procedure produces CCDF estimates similar to those obtained with stratified sampling in several recent PAs for the WIPP. The advantages of the Monte Carlo procedure over stratified sampling include increased resolution in the calculation of probabilities for complex scenarios involving drilling intrusions and better use of the necessarily limited number of mechanistic calculations that underlie CCDF construction.

  1. Stress localization, stiffening and yielding in a model colloidal gel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jader Colombo; Emanuela Del Gado

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We use numerical simulations and an athermal quasi-static shear protocol to investigate the yielding of a model colloidal gel. Under increasing deformation, the elastic regime is followed by a significant stiffening before yielding takes place. A space-resolved analysis of deformations and stresses unravel how the complex load curve observed is the result of stress localization and that the yielding can take place by breaking a very small fraction of the network connections. The stiffening corresponds to the stretching of the network chains, unbent and aligned along the direction of maximum extension. It is characterized by a strong localization of tensile stresses, that triggers the breaking of a few network nodes at around 30% of strain. Increasing deformation favors further breaking but also shear-induced bonding, eventually leading to a large-scale reorganization of the gel structure at the yielding. At low enough shear rates, density and velocity profiles display significant spatial inhomogeneity during yielding in agreement with experimental observations.

  2. Neutron emission and fragment yield in high-energy fission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grudzevich, O. T., E-mail: ogrudzevich@ippe.ru; Klinov, D. A. [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)] [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The KRIS special library of spectra and emission probabilities in the decays of 1500 nuclei excited up to energies between 150 and 250 MeV was developed for correctly taking into account the decay of highly excited nuclei appearing as fission fragments. The emission of neutrons, protons, and photons was taken into account. Neutron emission fromprimary fragments was found to have a substantial effect on the formation of yields of postneutron nuclei. The library was tested by comparing the calculated and measured yields of products originating from the fission of nuclei that was induced by high-energy protons. The method for calculating these yields was tested on the basis of experimental data on the thermal-neutroninduced fission of {sup 235}U nuclei.

  3. A method for relating impacts with yielding and unyielding targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, D.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The public has questioned the severity of the regulatory 9 meter drop onto an unyielding target required for Type B radioactive material shipping packages since this drop height results in an impact velocity of only 13.3 m/s (30 MPH). It is the unyielding nature of the regulatory target which makes the 9 meter drop so severe. In this paper a method for relating higher velocity impacts with yielding targets to impacts onto an unyielding target is developed. The severity of impacts with yielding targets is decreased by the amount of the impact energy absorbed in damaging the target. There have been previous attempts to correlate impacts with yielding targets to lower velocity impacts onto an unyielding target, and this work is an expansion of those efforts.

  4. A method for relating impacts with yielding and unyielding targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, D.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The public has questioned the severity of the regulatory 9 meter drop onto an unyielding target required for Type B radioactive material shipping packages since this drop height results in an impact velocity of only 13.3 m/s (30 MPH). It is the unyielding nature of the regulatory target which makes the 9 meter drop so severe. In this paper a method for relating higher velocity impacts with yielding targets to impacts onto an unyielding target is developed. The severity of impacts with yielding targets is decreased by the amount of the impact energy absorbed in damaging the target. There have been previous attempts to correlate impacts with yielding targets to lower velocity impacts onto an unyielding target, and this work is an expansion of those efforts.

  5. Yield Strength as a Thermodynamic Consequence of Information Erasure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katira, Parag

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe that the yield strength of a variety of materials, including highly structured and densely packed metals, alloys and semi-crystalline polymers is reasonably approximated by the thermal energy density of the material. This suggests that it is related to the entropic cost of the irreversible work done during plastic deformation rather than the enthalpic cost that depends on the elastic modulus of the material. Here we propose that the entropic cost of material rearrangement in crystalline solids arises from the difference in the uncertainty in building block positions before and after yielding and estimate it using Landauer's principle for information processing. The yield strength thus obtained in given by the thermal energy density of the material multiplied by ln(2) and provides a guidepost in estimating the strength of materials complementary to the "theoretical strength of solids".

  6. Sputtering yield of Pu bombarded by fission Fragments from Cf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danagoulian, Areg [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klein, Andreas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcneil, Wendy V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yuan, Vincent W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results on the yield of sputtering of Pu atoms from a Pu foil, bombarded by fission fragments from a {sup 252}Cf source in transmission geometry. We have found the number of Pu atoms/incoming fission fragments ejected to be 63 {+-} 1. In addition, we show measurements of the sputtering yield as a function of distance from the central axis, which can be understood as an angular distribution of the yield. The results are quite surprising in light of the fact that the Pu foil is several times the thickness of the range of fission fragment particles in Pu. This indicates that models like the binary collision model are not sufficient to explain this behavior.

  7. Closure Report for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting closure of the 92-Acre Area, which includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' This CR provides documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and confirmation that the closure objectives were met. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (FFACO, 1996 [as amended March 2010]). Closure activities began in January 2011 and were completed in January 2012. Closure activities were conducted according to Revision 1 of the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) for the 92-Acre Area and CAU 111 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2010). The following closure activities were performed: (1) Construct an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the boreholes, trenches, and pits in the 92-Acre Area; (2) Install use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; and (3) Establish vegetation on the covers. UR documentation is included as Appendix C of this report. The post-closure plan is presented in detail in Revision 1 of the CADD/CAP for the 92-Acre Area and CAU 111, and the requirements are summarized in Section 5.2 of this document. When the next request for modification of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit NEV HW0101 is submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), the requirements for post-closure monitoring of the 92-Acre Area will be included. NNSA/NSO requests the following: (1) A Notice of Completion from NDEP to NNSA/NSO for closure of CAU 111; and (2) The transfer of CAU 111 from Appendix III to Appendix IV, Closed Corrective Action Units, of the FFACO.

  8. Evaluation and compilation of fission product yields 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    England, T.R.; Rider, B.F.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the latest in a series of compilations of fission yield data. Fission yield measurements reported in the open literature and calculated charge distributions have been used to produce a recommended set of yields for the fission products. The original data with reference sources, and the recommended yields axe presented in tabular form. These include many nuclides which fission by neutrons at several energies. These energies include thermal energies (T), fission spectrum energies (F), 14 meV High Energy (H or HE), and spontaneous fission (S), in six sets of ten each. Set A includes U235T, U235F, U235HE, U238F, U238HE, Pu239T, Pu239F, Pu241T, U233T, Th232F. Set B includes U233F, U233HE, U236F, Pu239H, Pu240F, Pu241F, Pu242F, Th232H, Np237F, Cf252S. Set C includes U234F, U237F, Pu240H, U234HE, U236HE, Pu238F, Am241F, Am243F, Np238F, Cm242F. Set D includes Th227T, Th229T, Pa231F, Am241T, Am241H, Am242MT, Cm245T, Cf249T, Cf251T, Es254T. Set E includes Cf250S, Cm244S, Cm248S, Es253S, Fm254S, Fm255T, Fm256S, Np237H, U232T, U238S. Set F includes Cm243T, Cm246S, Cm243F, Cm244F, Cm246F, Cm248F, Pu242H, Np237T, Pu240T, and Pu242T to complete fission product yield evaluations for 60 fissioning systems in all. This report also serves as the primary documentation for the second evaluation of yields in ENDF/B-VI released in 1993.

  9. Executive Summary High-Yield Scenario Workshop Series Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leslie Park Ovard; Thomas H. Ulrich; David J. Muth Jr.; J. Richard Hess; Steven Thomas; Bryce Stokes

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To get a collective sense of the impact of research and development (R&D) on biomass resource availability, and to determine the feasibility that yields higher than baseline assumptions used for past assessments could be achieved to support U.S. energy independence, an alternate “High-Yield Scenario” (HYS) concept was presented to industry experts at a series of workshops held in December 2009. The workshops explored future production of corn/agricultural crop residues, herbaceous energy crops (HECs), and woody energy crops (WECs). This executive summary reports the findings of that workshop.

  10. Bushland Management For Water Yield: Prospects for Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.; Griffin, Ronald C.; Kaiser, Ronald A.; Freeman, Lansingh S.; Blackburn, Wilbert H.; Jordan, Wayne R.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 no.1569 LIBRARY :JUNo 91987 I 1 Texas A&M University Brushland Management for Water Yield: Prospects for Texas THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P. Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System.../College Station, Texas B-1569 May 1987 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] BRUSHLAND MANAGEMENT FOR WATER YIELD: PROSPECTS FOR TEXAS Bruce A. McCarl Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald C. Griffin Associate Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald A...

  11. Up-conversion yield in glass ceramics containing silver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malta, O.L.; Santa-Cruz, P.A.; De Sa, G.F.; Auzel, F.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small silver particles are known to increase the fluorescence yield in rare-earth-doped glasses. These particles can be grown easily in glass ceramics of general composition (PbF2, GeO2, YbF3, ErF3). The authors have studied the effect of the addition of silver on the up-conversion yield due to sequential energy transfer between YbT and ErT ions. The origin and the information that can be obtained from this effect are discussed.

  12. Yield Strength as a Function of Dislocation Density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    -displacement graphs as well as obvious excursions and yield points ·These perfect indents give a guideline for what a micro-hardness indenter, which uses a square pyramidal indenter tip. 10 m Procedures and Methods Before/23/2, using known elastic modulus to find tip radius. E* is the elastic modulus, R is the indenter tip radius

  13. 2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    © 2005 Nature Publishing Group Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield proteins during host­6 probably influences the genetic and functional diversity of both. For example, photosynthesis genes period. We also show that the expression of host photosynthesis genes declines over the course

  14. Consistent scenario for B{yields}PS decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delepine, D.; Lucio M, J. L.; Mendoza S, J. A.; Ramirez, Carlos A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato Loma del Bosque 103, Lomas del Campestre, 37150 Leon, Guanajuato (Mexico); Depto. de Fisica-Matematicas, Universidad de Pamplona Pamplona, Norte de Santander (Colombia); Escuela de Fisica, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider B{yields}PS decays where P stands for pseudoscalar and S for a heavy (1500 MeV) scalar meson. We achieve agreement with available experimental data, which includes two orders of magnitude hierarchy, assuming the scalars mesons are two quark states. The contribution of the dipolar penguin operator O{sub 11} is quantified.

  15. Influence of Vegetation Management on Yield and Quality Surface Runoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smeins, F. E.

    of this study was to determine the influence of vegetation characteristics, grazing systems and precipitation on surface runoff from rangeland on the Edwards Plateau region of Texas. Water yield, organic-N, N03-N, NH4-N, N02-N, total and ortho-P, Ca, Mg, K, p...

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Impact of water stress on citrus yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    October 2011 # INRA and Springer-Verlag, France 2011 Abstract Water shortage is becoming a severe problemRESEARCH ARTICLE Impact of water stress on citrus yield Iván García-Tejero & Victor Hugo Durán in arid and semi-arid regions worldwide, reducing the avail- ability of agricultural land and water

  17. Less Acres and Variable Yield Mark Ohio's Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    developing technologies and cropping systems that are efficient in capturing solar energy, sus- tainable overLess Acres and Variable Yield Mark Ohio's Crops From 1994 to 2004, the combined acreage of soybean Pathology Dr. Mark Loux Horticulture and Crop Science Dr. Robert Mullen School of Natural Resources Dr. Mark

  18. The Impacts and Benefits Yielded from the Sport of Quidditch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Adam

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    grounded theory approach and examined the impact and benefits for volunteers who chose to work for the IQA. Findings suggested the unique atmosphere of quidditch was able to produce an environment that yielded positive impact on the volunteers. It was found...

  19. A new yield function for geomaterials. Davide Bigoni , Andrea Piccolroaz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigoni, Davide

    and frictional materials, including soils, rocks, concrete, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers. The yield func- tion represents a single, convex and smooth surface of quasibrittle and frictional materials (a collective denom- ination for soil, concrete, rock, granular media

  20. MFR PAPER 1132 The ocean's yield of seafood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 1132 The ocean's yield of seafood depends on international cooperation. An integrated management system for salmon could be a beginning. Toward a Planetary Aquaculture- the Seas as Range will never reach its potential as a reservoir of protein-protein sorely needed in a world increasingly beset

  1. Shear-induced sedimentation in yield stress fluids Guillaume Ovarlez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    if a given material will remain ho- mogeneous during a flow. Using MRI techniques, we study the time the local shear rate in the interstitial fluid. Keywords: Sedimentation; Yield stress fluid; Suspension; MRI some lift or dispersion forces to the particles. This principle is typically used in fluidization

  2. Xylose Monomer and Oligomer Yields for Uncatalyzed Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse Hemicellulose at Varying Solids Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Xylose Monomer and Oligomer Yields for Uncatalyzed Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse Hemicellulose of varying sugarcane bagasse concentrations on xylose monomer and oligomer yields was experimentally measured

  3. Direct releases to the surface and associated complementary cumulative distribution functions in the 1996 performance assessments for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Direct brine release

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STOELZEL,D.M.; O'BRIEN,D.G.; GARNER,J.W.; HELTON,JON CRAIG; JOHNSON,J.D.; SCOTT,L.N.

    2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The following topics related to the treatment of direct brine releases to the surface environment in the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) are presented (1) mathematical description of models, (2) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results arising from subjective (i.e., epistemic) uncertainty for individual releases, (3) construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) arising from stochastic (i.e., aleatory) uncertainty, and (4) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results for CCDFs. The presented analyses indicate that direct brine releases do not constitute a serious threat to the effectiveness of the WIPP as a disposal facility for transuranic waste. Even when the effects of uncertain analysis inputs are taken into account, the CCDFs for direct brine releases fall substantially to the left of the boundary line specified in the US Environmental Protection Agency's standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (4O CFR 191.40 CFR 194).

  4. Comparison of Fission Product Yields and Their Impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Harrison

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This memorandum describes the Naval Reactors Prime Contractor Team (NRPCT) Space Nuclear Power Program (SNPP) interest in determining the expected fission product yields from a Prometheus-type reactor and assessing the impact of these species on materials found in the fuel element and balance of plant. Theoretical yield calculations using ORIGEN-S and RACER computer models are included in graphical and tabular form in Attachment, with focus on the desired fast neutron spectrum data. The known fission product interaction concerns are the corrosive attack of iron- and nickel-based alloys by volatile fission products, such as cesium, tellurium, and iodine, and the radiological transmutation of krypton-85 in the coolant to rubidium-85, a potentially corrosive agent to the coolant system metal piping.

  5. Time-integrated blood lead concentration is a valid surrogate for estimating the cumulative lead dose assessed by tibial lead measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roels, H.; Konings, J.; Lauwerys, R. [Medical School of the Catholic Univ. of Louvain, Brussels (Belgium)] [and others] [Medical School of the Catholic Univ. of Louvain, Brussels (Belgium); and others

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentration of lead in tibia (Pb-T) was measured in vivo by a {sup 109}Cd K-shell X-ray fluorescence technique in 123 workers from a primary lead smelter (age: mean, 45 years; range, 30-61; duration of employment: mean, 20 years; range, 7-45). Their cumulative blood lead index (CBLI) was also calculated on the basis of the blood lead (Pb-B) records available from the company`s medical files. Geometric mean for Pb-T was 49 {mu}g Pb/g bone mineral (range, 15-167). The company`s health surveillance programs, implemented since 1945, resulted in Pb-B values which rarely exceeded 70 {mu}g Pb/dl whole blood. Pb-B at the time of Pb-T measurement averaged 31 {mu}g Pb/dl (range, 6-62) and the geometric mean for CBLI amounted to 803 {mu}g Pb/dl x year (range, 220-2130). Despite various assumptions and uncertainties inherent in the assessment of the cumulative lead dose through Pb-T measurement or CBLI calculation, the relation between both variables in the present lead smelter population is very strong (r{sub pearson}= 0.80, P <0.0001; age explained at the most 9.5% of the variance). The slope of the regression equation of log Pb-T vs log CBLI showed that a doubling of CBLI also corresponds to a doubling of Pb-t. It may be concluded that a sound calculation of CBLI represents a valid surrogate for estimating the life time integrated dose of lead as assessed by the measurement of cortical bone lead (e.g., in tibia). 23 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Lithium: Measurement of Young's Modulus and Yield Strength

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan P Schultz

    2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lithium Collection Lens is used for anti-proton collection. In analyzing the structural behavior during operation, various material properties of lithium are often needed. properties such as density, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, specific heat, compressability, etc.; are well known. However, to the authors knowledge there is only one published source for Young's Modulus. This paper reviews the results from the testing of Young's Modulus and the yield strength of lithium at room temperature.

  7. Direct measurement of yield stress of discrete materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. H. Ebrahimnazhad Rahbari; J. Vollmer; S. Herminghaus; M. Brinkmann

    2012-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a novel computational method for direct measurement of yield stress of discrete materials. The method is well-suited for the measurement of jamming phase diagram of a wide range of discrete particle systems such as granular materials, foams, and colloids. We further successfully apply the method to evaluate the jamming phase diagram of wet granular material in order to demonstrates the applicability of the model.

  8. Pulse Radiolysis of Gases H atom yields, OH reactions,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PULSE RADIOLYSIS OP GASES H atom yields, OH reactions, and kinetics of H2S systems Ole John Nielsen, M, in the reaction OH + OH + M · H2O2 + M. 3) In the H2S systems the HS extinction coefficient determined: k(H + H2S · H2 + HS) = 4-6 x 108 M ^ s " 1 k(HS + HS · products) = (1.9 ± 0.1) x io1 0 M ^ s " 1

  9. The Effect of Sulphur on Yield of Certain Crops.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TFXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BUL - LETIN NO. 408 FEBRUARY, 1930 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY THE EFFECT OF SULPHUR ON YIELD OF CERTAIN CROPS -- AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL.... H. ROGERS, Feed Inspector W. H. WOOD, Feed Inspector I<. I,. KIRKLAND. B. S., Fred Inspector . W. D. NORTHCUTT, JR., B. S., Feed Inspector SIDNEY D. REYNOLDS, JR., Feed Inspector P. A. MOORE, Feed Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1, Beeville, Bee...

  10. A critical evaluation of factors affecting reservoir yield estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Carla Elaine

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statement of Problem Estimation of reservoir yield is fundamental to water resources planning and management. Effective management of the surface water resource of a river basin requires an understanding of the amount of water which can be provided... and approaches used in handling various complicating factors. Water supply planning and management involves complex institutional, legal, hydrologic, and physical systems. Streamflow, reservoir sedimentation, evaporation, water demands, and other variables...

  11. Symmetry relations in charmless B{yields}PPP decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gronau, Michael; Rosner, Jonathan L. [Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, 32000 Haifa (Israel); Enrico Fermi Institute and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strangeness-changing decays of B mesons to three-body final states of pions and kaons are studied, assuming that they are dominated by a {delta}I=0 penguin amplitude with flavor structure b{yields}s. Numerous isospin relations for B{yields}K{pi}{pi} and for underlying quasi-two-body decays are compared successfully with experiment, in some cases resolving ambiguities in fitting resonance parameters. The only exception is a somewhat small branching ratio noted in B{sup 0}{yields}K*{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, interpreted in terms of destructive interference between a penguin amplitude and an enhanced electroweak penguin contribution. Relations for B decays into three kaons are derived in terms of final states involving K{sub S} or K{sub L}, assuming that {phi}K-subtracted decay amplitudes are symmetric in K and K, as has been observed experimentally. Rates due to nonresonant backgrounds are studied using a simple model, which may reduce discrete ambiguities in Dalitz plot analyses.

  12. Isolation of flow and nonflow correlations by two- and four-particle cumulant measurements of azimuthal harmonics in ?sNN = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abdelwahab, N. M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A data-driven method was applied to Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance ??-dependent and ??-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a ??-independent component of the correlation, which is dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of ? within the measured range of pseudorapidity |?| T less than 2 GeV/c. The ??-dependent part, attributed to nonflow correlations, is found to be 5% ± 2%(sys.) relative to the flow of the measured second harmonic cumulant at |??| > 0.7. (author)

  13. Evidence for X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma} in B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}} Decays and a Study of B{yields}cc{gamma}K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Tico, J. Garra; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Dipartmento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Cahn, R. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In a search for B{yields}cc{gamma}K decays with the BABAR detector, where cc includes J/{psi} and {psi}(2S), and K includes K{sup {+-}}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, and K*(892), we find evidence for X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma} and X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma} with 3.6{sigma} and 3.5{sigma} significance, respectively. We measure the product of branching fractions B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}})xB(X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{gamma})=[2.8{+-}0.8(stat){+-}0.1(syst)]x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup {+-}}{yields}X(3872)K{sup {+-}})xB(X(3872){yields}{psi}(2S){gamma})=[9.5{+-}2.7(stat){+-}0.6(syst)]x10{sup -6}.

  14. EXPERIMENT 5101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TRIAL PLANTING DATE 06/01/05 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPERIMENT 5101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TRIAL PLANTING DATE 06/01/05 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED-242 NAVY GENTEC, VISTA 23 31.6 19.9 44.0 96.2 3.0 48.1 4.0 N00762 VISTA/MACKINAC//N94080 3 31.5 18.6 43;EXPERIMENT 5101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TRIAL PLANTING DATE 06/01/05 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS

  15. Retired supercomputers enable student research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    give systems researchers and students a one-of-a-kind, hands-on lab to learn computational science. October 20, 2012 image description Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  16. Update on Franklin retirement plans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton PlasmaAfternoon TalksDigitalRevision toNetwork -Update on

  17. Retired supercomputers enable student research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources Resources About oneRethinking the

  18. FERS Retirement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in Representative Geologic

  19. Measurement of the yields of positively charged particles at an angle of 35 Degree-Sign in proton interactions with nuclear targets at an energy of 50 GeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammosov, V. V.; Antonov, N. N. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)] [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation); Baldin, A. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Viktorov, V. A.; Gapienko, V. A.; Gapienko, G. S.; Golovin, A. A.; Gres, V. N.; Ivanilov, A. A.; Koreshev, V. I.; Korotkov, V. A.; Mysnik, A. I.; Prudkoglyad, A. F.; Sviridov, Yu. M.; Semak, A. A., E-mail: Artem.Semak@ihep.ru; Terekhov, V. I.; Uglekov, V. Ya.; Ukhanov, M. N.; Chujko, B. V. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)] [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation); Shimanskii, S. S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Momentum spectra of cumulative particles in the region of high transverse momenta (P{sub T}) in pA {yields} h{sup +} + X reactions were obtained for the first time. The experiment in which this was done was performed at the SPIN setup (Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino) in a beam of 50-GeV protons interacting with C, Al, Cu, and W nuclei. Positively charged particles were detected at a laboratory angle of 35 Degree-Sign and in the transverse-momentum range between 0.6 and 3.7 GeV/c. A strong dependence of the particle-production cross section on the atomic number was observed. A comparison with the results of calculations based on the HIJING and UrQMD models was performed in the subcumulative region.

  20. Observation of Y(3940){yields}J/{psi}{omega} in B{yields}J/{psi}{omega}K at BABAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of the decays B{sup 0,+}{yields}J/{psi}{omega}K{sup 0,+} using 383x10{sup 6} BB events obtained with the BABAR detector at PEP-II. We observe Y(3940){yields}J/{psi}{omega}, with mass 3914.6{sub -3.4}{sup +3.8}(stat){+-}2.0(syst) MeV/c{sup 2}, and width 34{sub -8}{sup +12}(stat){+-}5(syst) MeV. The ratio of B{sup 0} and B{sup +} decay to YK is 0.27{sub -0.23}{sup +0.28}(stat){sub -0.01}{sup +0.04}(syst), and the relevant B{sup 0} and B{sup +} branching fractions are reported.

  1. Emulating maize yields from global gridded crop models using statistical estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanc, E.

    This study estimates statistical models emulating maize yield responses to changes in temperature and

  2. Measurement of the Fractional Thermonuclear Neutron Yield during Deuterium Neutral-Beam Injection into Deuterium Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Measurement of the Fractional Thermonuclear Neutron Yield during Deuterium Neutral-Beam Injection into Deuterium Plasmas

  3. Yield improvement and defect reduction in steel casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent Carlson

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project investigated yield improvement and defect reduction techniques in steel casting. Research and technology development was performed in the following three specific areas: (1) Feeding rules for high alloy steel castings; (2) Unconventional yield improvement and defect reduction techniques--(a) Riser pressurization; and (b) Filling with a tilting mold; and (3) Modeling of reoxidation inclusions during filling of steel castings. During the preparation of the proposal for this project, these areas were identified by the High Alloy Committee and Carbon and Low Alloy Committee of the Steel Founders' Society of America (SFSA) as having the highest research priority to the steel foundry industry. The research in each of the areas involved a combination of foundry experiments, modeling and simulation. Numerous SFSA member steel foundries participated in the project through casting trials and meetings. The technology resulting from this project will result in decreased scrap and rework, casting yield improvement, and higher quality steel castings produced with less iteration. This will result in considerable business benefits to steel foundries, primarily due to reduced energy and labor costs, increased capacity and productivity, reduced lead-time, and wider use and application of steel castings. As estimated using energy data provided by the DOE, the technology produced as a result of this project will result in an energy savings of 2.6 x 10{sup 12} BTU/year. This excludes the savings that were anticipated from the mold tilting research. In addition to the energy savings, and corresponding financial savings this implies, there are substantial environmental benefits as well. The results from each of the research areas listed above are summarized.

  4. Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,sandLaserLaser Seeding Yields

  5. Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,sandLaserLaser Seeding YieldsLaser

  6. Laser Seeding Yields High-Power Coherent Terahertz Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,sandLaserLaser Seeding YieldsLaserLaser

  7. Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1Department of60 DATE:AnnualDepartment ofPotentialYield Mapping of

  8. High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High School footballHigh-Pressure MOF Research Yields

  9. An Evidence-Based Evaluation of the Cumulative Effects of Tidal Freshwater and Estuarine Ecosystem Restoration on Endangered Juvenile Salmon in the Columbia River: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Thom, Ronald M.; Borde, Amy B.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weitkamp, Laurie A.; Buenau, Kate E.; Kropp, Roy K.

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The listing of 13 salmon and steelhead stocks in the Columbia River basin (hereafter collectively referred to as “salmon”) under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, has stimulated tidal wetland restoration in the lower 235 kilometers of the Columbia River and estuary for juvenile salmon habitat functions. The purpose of the research reported herein was to evaluate the effect on listed salmon of the restoration effort currently being conducted under the auspices of the federal Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program (CEERP). Linking changes in the quality and landscape pattern of tidal wetlands in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE) to salmon recovery is a complex problem because of the characteristics of the ecosystem, the salmon, the restoration actions, and available sampling technologies. Therefore, we designed an evidence-based approach to develop, synthesize, and evaluate information to determine early-stage (~10 years) outcomes of the CEERP. We developed an ecosystem conceptual model and from that, a primary hypothesis that habitat restoration activities in the LCRE have a cumulative beneficial effect on juvenile salmon. There are two necessary conditions of the hypothesis: • habitat-based indicators of ecosystem controlling factors, processes, and structures show positive effects from restoration actions, and • fish-based indicators of ecosystem processes and functions show positive effects from restoration actions and habitats undergoing restoration. Our evidence-based approach to evaluate the primary hypothesis incorporated seven lines of evidence, most of which are drawn from the LCRE. The lines of evidence are spatial and temporal synergies, cumulative net ecosystem improvement, estuary-wide meta-analysis, offsite benefits to juvenile salmon, landscape condition evaluation, and evidence-based scoring of global literature. The general methods we used to develop information for the lines of evidence included field measurements, data analyses, modeling, meta-analysis, and reanalysis of previously collected data sets. We identified a set of 12 ancillary hypotheses regarding habitat and salmon response. Each ancillary hypothesis states that the response metric will trend toward conditions at relatively undisturbed reference sites. We synthesized the evidence for and against the two necessary conditions by using eleven causal criteria: strength, consistency, specificity, temporality, biological gradient, plausibility, coherence, experiment, analogy, complete exposure pathway, and predictive performance. Our final evaluation included cumulative effects assessment because restoration is occurring at multiple sites and the collective effect is important to salmon recovery. We concluded that all five lines of evidence from the LCRE indicated positive habitat-based and fish-based responses to the restoration performed under the CEERP, although tide gate replacements on small sloughs were an exception. Our analyses suggested that hydrologic reconnections restore access for fish to move into a site to find prey produced there. Reconnections also restore the potential for the flux of prey from the site to the main stem river, where our data show that they are consumed by salmon. We infer that LCRE ecosystem restoration supports increased juvenile salmon growth and enhanced fitness (condition), thereby potentially improving survival rates during the early ocean stage.

  10. Infrared scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid argon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Buzulutskov; A. Bondar; A. Grebenuk

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of primary and secondary scintillations in noble gases and liquids is of paramount importance to rare-event experiments using noble gas media. In the present work, the scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the near infrared (NIR) and visible region, both for primary and secondary (proportional) scintillations, using Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (G-APDs) and pulsed X-ray irradiation. The primary scintillation yield of the fast component was measured to be 17000 photon/MeV in gaseous Ar in the NIR, in the range of 690-1000 nm, and 510 photon/MeV in liquid Ar, in the range of 400-1000 nm. Proportional NIR scintillations (electroluminescence) in gaseous Ar have been also observed; their amplification parameter at 163 K was measured to be 13 photons per drifting electron per kV. Possible applications of NIR scintillations in high energy physics experiments are discussed.

  11. Free ion yields in liquids: Molecular structure and track effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holroyd, R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The signal generated in a liquid-filled ionization chamber is proporational to the ions that escape, the free ion yield or, G{sub fi}. Recent results show how molecular structure, rate of energy loss (dE/dx) and pressure affect G{sub fi} and give further insight into the ionization process in liquids. As a consequence of the passage of high energy charged particles through a liquid, molecules are ionized and excited. The electrons have kinetic energy initially which allow them to travel some distance away from their geminate cations. The electrons may lose energy to vibrational modes but a significant fraction of the separation occurs while the electrons have subvibrational (near thermal) energy. When the electron finally thermalizes it is within the coulombic field of its parent cation and the two ions constitute a geminate pair. The free ion yield is determined by the fraction of geminate pairs which separate to form free ions as against those that recombine to form excited states.

  12. Free ion yields in liquids: Molecular structure and track effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holroyd, R.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The signal generated in a liquid-filled ionization chamber is proporational to the ions that escape, the free ion yield or, G{sub fi}. Recent results show how molecular structure, rate of energy loss (dE/dx) and pressure affect G{sub fi} and give further insight into the ionization process in liquids. As a consequence of the passage of high energy charged particles through a liquid, molecules are ionized and excited. The electrons have kinetic energy initially which allow them to travel some distance away from their geminate cations. The electrons may lose energy to vibrational modes but a significant fraction of the separation occurs while the electrons have subvibrational (near thermal) energy. When the electron finally thermalizes it is within the coulombic field of its parent cation and the two ions constitute a geminate pair. The free ion yield is determined by the fraction of geminate pairs which separate to form free ions as against those that recombine to form excited states.

  13. Analysis of fragment yield ratios in the nuclear phase transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Tripathi; A. Bonasera; S. Wuenschel; L. W. May; Z. Kohley; G. A. Souliotis; S. Galanopoulos; K. Hagel; D. V. Shetty; K. Huseman; S. N. Soisson; B. C. Stein; S. J. Yennello

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The critical phenomena of the liquid-gas phase transition has been investigated in the reactions 78,86Kr+58,64Ni at beam energy of 35 MeV/nucleon using the Landau free energy approach with isospin asymmetry as an order parameter. Fits to the free energy of fragments showed three minima suggesting the system to be in the regime of a first order phase transition. The relation m =-{\\partial}F/{\\partial}H, which defines the order parameter and its conjugate field H, has been experimentally verified from the linear dependence of the mirror nuclei yield ratio data, on the isospin asymmetry of the source. The slope parameter, which is a measure of the distance from a critical temperature, showed a systematic decrease with increasing excitation energy of the source. Within the framework of the Landau free energy approach, isoscaling provided similar results as obtained from the analysis of mirror nuclei yield ratio data. We show that the external field is primarily related to the minimum of the free energy, which implies a modification of the source concentration \\Delta used in isospin studies.

  14. Modern yields per stellar generation: the effect of the IMF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincenzo, Fiorenzo; Belfiore, Francesco; Maiolino, Roberto

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gaseous and stellar metallicities in galaxies are nowadays routinely used to constrain the evolutionary processes in galaxies. This requires the knowledge of the average yield per stellar generation, $y_{\\text{Z}}$, i.e. the quantity of metals that a stellar population releases into the interstellar medium (ISM), which is generally assumed to be a fixed fiducial value. Deviations of the observed metallicity from the expected value of $y_{\\text{Z}}$ are used to quantify the effect of outflows or inflows of gas, or even as evidence for biased metallicity calibrations or inaccurate metallicity diagnostics. Here we show that $\\rm y_{\\text{Z}}$ depends significantly on the Initial Mass Function (IMF), varying by up to a factor larger than three, for the range of IMFs typically adopted in various studies. This, along with the variation of the gas mass fraction restored into the ISM by supernovae ($R$, which also depends on the IMF), may yield to deceiving results, if not properly taken into account. In particular, ...

  15. Uncertainty in Simulating Wheat Yields Under Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asseng, S.; Ewert, F.; Rosenzweig, C.; Jones, J.W.; Hatfield, Jerry; Ruane, Alex; Boote, K. J.; Thorburn, Peter; Rotter, R.P.; Cammarano, D.; Brisson, N.; Basso, B.; Martre, P.; Aggarwal, P.K.; Angulo, C.; Bertuzzi, P.; Biernath, C.; Challinor, AJ; Doltra, J.; Gayler, S.; Goldberg, R.; Grant, Robert; Heng, L.; Hooker, J.; Hunt, L.A.; Ingwersen, J.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Kersebaum, K.C.; Mueller, C.; Naresh Kumar, S.; Nendel, C.; O'Leary, G.O.; Olesen, JE; Osborne, T.; Palosuo, T.; Priesack, E.; Ripoche, D.; Semenov, M.A.; Shcherbak, I.; Steduto, P.; Stockle, Claudio O.; Stratonovitch, P.; Streck, T.; Supit, I.; Tao, F.; Travasso, M.; Waha, K.; Wallach, D.; White, J.W.; Williams, J.R.; Wolf, J.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anticipating the impacts of climate change on crop yields is critical for assessing future food security. Process-based crop simulation models are the most commonly used tools in such assessments1,2. Analysis of uncertainties in future greenhouse gas emissions and their impacts on future climate change has been increasingly described in the literature3,4 while assessments of the uncertainty in crop responses to climate change are very rare. Systematic and objective comparisons across impact studies is difficult, and thus has not been fully realized5. Here we present the largest coordinated and standardized crop model intercomparison for climate change impacts on wheat production to date. We found that several individual crop models are able to reproduce measured grain yields under current diverse environments, particularly if sufficient details are provided to execute them. However, simulated climate change impacts can vary across models due to differences in model structures and algorithms. The crop-model component of uncertainty in climate change impact assessments was considerably larger than the climate-model component from Global Climate Models (GCMs). Model responses to high temperatures and temperature-by-CO2 interactions are identified as major sources of simulated impact uncertainties. Significant reductions in impact uncertainties through model improvements in these areas and improved quantification of uncertainty through multi-model ensembles are urgently needed for a more reliable translation of climate change scenarios into agricultural impacts in order to develop adaptation strategies and aid policymaking.

  16. Supernova remnant mass cumulated along the star formation history of the z=3.8 radiogalaxies 4C41.17 and TN J2007-1316

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca-Volmerange, Brigitte; De Breuck, Carlos

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we show that the supernova remnant (SNR) masses cumulated from core-collapse supernovae along the star formation history of two powerful z=3.8 radio galaxies 4C41.17 and TN J2007-1316 reach up to > 10^9 Msun, comparable with supermassive black hole (SMBH) masses measured from the SDSS sample at similar redshifts. The SNR mass is measured from the already exploded supernova mass after subtraction of ejecta at the galaxy age where the mass of still luminous stars fits at best the observed spectral energy distribution (SED), continuously extended to the optical-Spitzer-Herschel-submm domains, with the help of the galaxy evolution model P\\'egase.3. For the recent and old stellar populations, SNR masses vary on 10^(9 to 10) Msun and the SNR-to-star mass ratio between 1 and 0.1 percent is comparable to the observed low-z SMBH-to-star mass ratio. For the template radio galaxy 4C41.17, SNR and stellar population masses estimated from large aperture (>4arcsec=30kpc) observations are compatible, within o...

  17. Radionuclide transport in the vicinity of the repository and associated complementary cumulative distribution functions in the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STOCKMAN,CHRISTINE T.; GARNER,J.W.; HELTON,JON CRAIG; JOHNSON,JAY DEAN; SHINTA,A.; SMITH,L.N.

    2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The following topics related to radionuclide transport in the vicinity of the repository in the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant are presented (1) mathematical description of models, (2) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results arising from subjective (i.e., epistemic) uncertainty for individual releases, (3) construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) arising from stochastic (i.e., aleatory) uncertainty, and (4) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results for CCDFs. The presented results indicate that no releases to the accessible environment take place due to radionuclide movement through the anhydrite marker beds, through the Dewey Lake Red Beds or directly to the surface, and also that the releases to the Culebra Dolomite are small. Even when the effects of uncertain analysis inputs are taken into account, the CCDFs for release to the Culebra Dolomite fall to the left of the boundary line specified in the US Environmental Protection Agency's standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, 40 CFR 194).

  18. Seasonal and cumulative loblolly pine development under two stand density and fertility levels through four growing seasons. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haywood, J.D.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) plantation was subjected to two cultural treatments to examine seasonal cumulative pine development in the 9th through 12th growing seasons: (1) pine stocking was either reduced by thinning to 303 trees per acre at a 12- by 12-ft spacing or the plots were left uncut with an original density of 1,210 trees per acre at a 6- by 6-ft spacing, and (2) either no fertilizer was applied or diammonium phosphate was broadcast at 134 lb of phosphorus and 120 lb of nitrogen per acre. Competing vegetation was controlled on all plots. Thinning resulted in less spring height growth in the 9th and 10th growing seasons that not cutting, but thinning increased diameter growth each year. Beginning in the 10th growing season, fertilization increased height, diameter, and basal area per acre growth, with the effect of fertilization on diameter growth being most pronounced on the thinned plots. Therefore, fertilization of thinned plots was more beneficial than thinning alone, and thinning alone resulted in less height and basal area per acre growth than the other treatment combinations for the 4-year period.

  19. Method and apparatus for sampling low-yield wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Last, George V. (Richland, WA); Lanigan, David C. (Kennewick, WA)

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for collecting a sample from a low-yield well or perched aquifer includes a pump and a controller responsive to water level sensors for filling a sample reservoir. The controller activates the pump to fill the reservoir when the water level in the well reaches a high level as indicated by the sensor. The controller deactivates the pump when the water level reaches a lower level as indicated by the sensors. The pump continuously activates and deactivates the pump until the sample reservoir is filled with a desired volume, as indicated by a reservoir sensor. At the beginning of each activation cycle, the controller optionally can select to purge an initial quantity of water prior to filling the sample reservoir. The reservoir can be substantially devoid of air and the pump is a low volumetric flow rate pump. Both the pump and the reservoir can be located either inside or outside the well.

  20. Microscopic description of Cf-252 cold fission yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mirea; D. S. Delion; A. Sandulescu

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the cold fission of 252Cf within the two center shell model to compute the potential energy surface. The fission yields are estimated by using the semiclassical penetration approach. It turns out that the inner cold valley of the total potential energy is strongly connected with Z=50 magic number. The agreement with experimental values is very much improved only by considering mass and charge asymmetry degrees of freedom. Thus, indeed cold fission of 252Cf is a Sn-like radioactivity, related the other two "magic radioactivities", namely alpha-decay and heavy-cluster decay, called also Pb-like radioactivity. This calculation provides the necessary theoretical confidence to estimate the penetration cross section in producing superheavy nuclei, by using the inverse fusion process.

  1. Microscopic description of Cf-252 cold fission yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirea, M; Sandulescu, A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the cold fission of 252Cf within the two center shell model to compute the potential energy surface. The fission yields are estimated by using the semiclassical penetration approach. It turns out that the inner cold valley of the total potential energy is strongly connected with Z=50 magic number. The agreement with experimental values is very much improved only by considering mass and charge asymmetry degrees of freedom. Thus, indeed cold fission of 252Cf is a Sn-like radioactivity, related the other two "magic radioactivities", namely alpha-decay and heavy-cluster decay, called also Pb-like radioactivity. This calculation provides the necessary theoretical confidence to estimate the penetration cross section in producing superheavy nuclei, by using the inverse fusion process.

  2. High-Yield D-T Neutron Generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludewigt, B.A.; Wells, R.P.; Reijonen, J.

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-yield D-T neutron generator has been developed for neutron interrogation in homeland security applications such as cargo screening. The generator has been designed as a sealed tube with a performance goal of producing 5 {center_dot} 10{sup 11} n/s over a long lifetime. The key generator components developed are a radio-frequency (RF) driven ion source and a beam-loaded neutron production target that can handle a beam power of 10 kW. The ion source can provide a 100 mA D{sup +}/T{sup +} beam current with a high fraction of atomic species and can be pulsed up to frequencies of several kHz for pulsed neutron generator operation. Testing in D-D operation has been started.

  3. Astroparticle yield and transport from extragalactic jet terminal shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabien Casse; Alexandre Marcowith

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper deals with the yield and transport of high-energy particle within extragalactic jet terminal shocks, also known as hotspots. We investigate in some details the cosmic ray, neutrinos and high-energy photons yield in hotspots of powerful FRII radio-galaxies by scanning all known spatial transport regimes, adiabatic and radiative losses as well as Fermi acceleration process. Since both electrons and cosmic rays are prone to the same type of acceleration, we derive analytical estimates of the maximal cosmic ray energy attainable in both toroidal and poloidal magnetic field dominated shock structures by using observational data on synchrotron emission coming from various hot-spots. One of our main conclusions is that the best hot-spot candidates for high energy astroparticle production is the extended ($L_{HS}\\geq 1kpc$), strongly magnetized ($B> 0.1mG$) terminal shock displaying synchrotron emission cut-off lying at least in the optical band. We found only one object (3C273A) over the six objects in our sample being capable to produce cosmic rays up to $10^{20}$ eV. Secondly, we investigate the astroparticle spectra produced by two characteric hot-spots (Cygnus A and 3C273 A) by applying a multi-scale MHD-kinetic scheme, coupling MHD simulations to kinetic computations using stochastic differential equations. We show that 3C273 A, matching the previous properties, may produce protons up to $10^{20}$ eV in a Kolmogorov type turbulence by both computing electron and cosmic ray acceleration. We also calculate the high-energy neutrino and gamma-ray fluxes on Earth produced through p-$\\gamma$ and p-p processes and compare them to the most sensitive astroparticle experiments.

  4. Observation of B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p and searches for B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Q.L.; Dong, L.Y.; Yuan, Y.; Zang, S.L.; Zhang, C.C. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Abe, K.; Adachi, I.; Gershon, T.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Takasaki, F. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] [and others

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the observation of B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p and searches for B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp decays, using a sample of 275x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected with the Belle detector at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance. We observe a signal of 17.2{+-}4.1 events with a significance of 11.1{sigma} and obtain a branching fraction of B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{lambda}p)=11.6{+-}2.8(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +1.8}(sys)x10{sup -6}. No signal is found for either of the two decay modes, B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp, and upper limits for the branching fractions are determined to be B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}{sigma}{sup 0}p)<1.1x10{sup -5} and B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}pp)<8.3x10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

  5. Search for the C-parity violating process J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} via {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 14.0x10{sup 6}{psi}(2S) events collected with the BES-II detector, the C-parity violating process J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} via {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi} is studied. We determine a new upper limit for the J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} branching ratio of B(J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{gamma})<2.2x10{sup -5} at the 90% C.L., which is about 20 times lower than the previous measurement.

  6. EXPERIMENT 6101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST DATE 06/06/06 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPERIMENT 6101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST DATE 06/06/06 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS.9 50.0 4.1 #12;EXPERIMENT 6101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST DATE 06/06/06 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100*6/CN49-242 NAVY GENTEC, VISTA 3 25.8 17.9 42.7 88.8 2.0 50.0 3.9 N05305 N00838/B98304//N00792 44 25

  7. Combining Low-Temperature Combustion with Lean-NOx Trap Yields...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low-Temperature Combustion with Lean-NOx Trap Yields Progress Toward Targets of Efficient NOx Control for Diesels Combining Low-Temperature Combustion with Lean-NOx Trap Yields...

  8. The role of yield grade and fat deposition on the cutability of lamb carcasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Kristina Danielle

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assigned randomly to one of five yield grade treatment groups (n=18), devised to simulate the fat thickness ranges designated by the USDA yield grade equation. The lambs were evaluated periodically and visually appraised by a team of three experienced...

  9. ZeaChem Pilot Project: High-Yield Hybrid Cellulosic Ethanol Process...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ZeaChem Pilot Project: High-Yield Hybrid Cellulosic Ethanol Process Using High-Impact Feedstock for Commercialization ZeaChem Pilot Project: High-Yield Hybrid Cellulosic Ethanol...

  10. Dramatically Improved Yields in Molecular Scale Electronic Devices Using Ultra-smooth Platinum Electrodes Prepared By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, M. Saif

    Dramatically Improved Yields in Molecular Scale Electronic Devices Using Ultra-smooth Platinum scale electronic devices by using ultra- smooth platinum (Pt) electrodes made with chemical mechanically Terms -- Molecular electronics, CMP, SAM, Langmuir-Blodgett, Device yields. I. INTRODUCTION Molecular

  11. The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Bioenergy Sorghum Yield and Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilahi-Sebess, Szilvia

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................................................................... 77 Economics of fertilizing biomass feedstocks ................................................. 77 Biomass feedstock yield response to applied nitrogen: An example ........... 79 CONCLUSIONS...

  12. STORAGE-YIELD CURVES WITH INFLOWS FROM A DIVERSION PIERLUIGI CLAPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggi, Davide

    1 STORAGE-YIELD CURVES WITH INFLOWS FROM A DIVERSION CHANNEL PIERLUIGI CLAPS DIFA, Università della Probabilistic analytical methods for building storage-yield curves provide reliable preliminary design condition of storage-yield curves of reservoirs when additional inflows from a diversion channel are available

  13. NEANDC specialists meeting on yields and decay data of fission product nuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrien, R.E.; Burrows, T.W. (eds.)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the 29 papers presented. Workshop reports on decay heat, fission yields, beta- and gamma-ray spectroscopy, and delayed neutrons are included. An appendix contains a survey of the most recent compilations and evaluations containing fission product yield, fission product decay data, and delayed neutron yield information. (WHK)

  14. Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local Reconfiguration*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Yield Enhancement of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Space Redundancy and Local to avoid faulty elements. Digital microfluidics- based biochips are also amenable to redundancy-based yield. As microfluidics-based biochips become more complex, manufacturing yield will have significant influence

  15. agronomie: agriculture and environment Dry matter accumulation and seed yield in faba bean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    agronomie: agriculture and environment Dry matter accumulation and seed yield in faba bean ( Vicia; Fifteen genotypes of spring faba bean, differing in flowering earliness, in growth habit (one determinate = faba bean / genetic variability / dry matter accumulation / yield / yield components / early indicator

  16. 2011 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    51 2011 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD 1101 STANDARD NAVY BEAN YIELD TRIAL 06/02/11 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 36 SQ. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED 1102 STANDARD BLACK BEAN YIELD TRIAL-1 06/02/11 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 36 SQ. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED

  17. 2009 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11 2009 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD 9101 STANDARD NAVY BEAN YIELD TRIAL 06/02/09 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 20 REC. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED 9102 STANDARD BLACK BEAN YIELD TRIAL 06/02/09 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 25 SQ. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED 9103

  18. 2013 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11 2013 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD 3101 STANDARD NAVY BEAN YIELD TRIAL 06/05/13 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 42 REC. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED 3102 STANDARD BLACK BEAN YIELD TRIAL-1 06/05/13 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 56 REC. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED

  19. 2012 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11 2012 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS EXPERIMENT TITLE PLANTING DATE LOCATION ENTRIES DESIGN REPS HARVEST METHOD 2101 STANDARD NAVY BEAN YIELD TRIAL 06/06/12 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 56 REC. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED 2102 STANDARD BLACK BEAN YIELD TRIAL-1 06/06/12 SVR&EC FRANKENMUTH 36 SQ. LATTICE 4 DIRECT HARVESTED

  20. Direct, Indirect and Cumulative Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Nora Egan

    during creation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Public evaluations and input from independent, variances and non-compliance of permit conditions after the EIS is completed prevents public comment on the natural and human environment from mining in the Peace River Watershed. Environmental Impacts from

  1. Cumulative Impacts | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesvilleAbout » Contact Us ContactPracticesWinterServices »2015

  2. Considering Cumulative Effects under NEPA

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby/%2AO 474.2 Chg U.S. S p e c t i

  3. Pyrolysis of polyolefins for increasing the yield of monomers' recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donaj, Pawel J., E-mail: pawel@mse.kth.se [Royal Institute of Technology, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Division of Energy and Furnace Technology, Brinellvagen 23, 100-44 Stockholm (Sweden); Kaminsky, W. [University of Hamburg, Institute of Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Martin-Luther-King Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany); Buzeto, F. [State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, College of Chemical Engineering, Department of Polymer Science - Av. Albert Einstein 13083-852 Campinas (Brazil); Yang, W. [Royal Institute of Technology, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Division of Energy and Furnace Technology, Brinellvagen 23, 100-44 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of mixed polyolefins in fluidized bed has been studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We tested applicability of a commercial Ziegler-Natta catalyst (Z-N: TiCl{sub 4}/MgCl{sub 2}). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The catalyst has a strong influence on product distribution, increasing gas fraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At 650 Degree-Sign C the monomer generation increased by 55% when the catalyst was used. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We showed the concept of treatment of mixed polyolefins without a need of separation. - Abstract: Pyrolysis of plastic waste is an alternative way of plastic recovery and could be a potential solution for the increasing stream of solid waste. The objective of this work was to increase the yield the gaseous olefins (monomers) as feedstock for polymerization process and to test the applicability of a commercial Ziegler-Natta (Z-N): TiCl{sub 4}/MgCl{sub 2} for cracking a mixture of polyolefins consisted of 46% wt. of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 30% wt. of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and 24% wt. of polypropylene (PP). Two sets of experiments have been carried out at 500 and 650 Degree-Sign C via catalytic pyrolysis (1% of Z-N catalyst) and at 650 and 730 Degree-Sign C via only-thermal pyrolysis. These experiments have been conducted in a lab-scale, fluidized quartz-bed reactor of a capacity of 1-3 kg/h at Hamburg University. The results revealed a strong influence of temperature and presence of catalyst on the product distribution. The ratios of gas/liquid/solid mass fractions via thermal pyrolysis were: 36.9/48.4/15.7% wt. and 42.4/44.7/13.9% wt. at 650 and 730 Degree-Sign C while via catalytic pyrolysis were: 6.5/89.0/4.5% wt. and 54.3/41.9/3.8% wt. at 500 and 650 Degree-Sign C, respectively. At 650 Degree-Sign C the monomer generation increased by 55% up to 23.6% wt. of total pyrolysis products distribution while the catalyst was added. Obtained yields of olefins were compared with the naphtha steam cracking process and other potentially attractive processes for feedstock generation. The concept of closed cycle material flow for polyolefins has been discussed, showing the potential benefits of feedstock recycling in a plastic waste management.

  4. Limits of optimal control yields achievable with quantum controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re-Bing Wu; Constantin Brif; Matthew R. James; Herschel Rabitz

    2015-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum optimal control theory, kinematic bounds are the minimum and maximum values of the control objective achievable for any physically realizable system dynamics. For a given initial state of the system, these bounds depend on the nature and state of the controller. We consider a general situation where the controlled quantum system is coupled to both an external classical field (referred to as a classical controller) and an auxiliary quantum system (referred to as a quantum controller). In this general situation, the kinematic bound is between the classical kinematic bound (CKB), corresponding to the case when only the classical controller is available, and the quantum kinematic bound (QKB), corresponding to the ultimate physical limit of the objective's value. Specifically, when the control objective is the expectation value of a quantum observable (a Hermitian operator on the system's Hilbert space), the QKBs are the minimum and maximum eigenvalues of this operator. We present, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the necessary and sufficient conditions for surpassing the CKB and reaching the QKB, through the use of a quantum controller. The general conditions are illustrated by examples in which the system and controller are initially in thermal states. The obtained results provide a basis for the design of quantum controllers capable of maximizing the control yield and reaching the ultimate physical limit.

  5. The Start Of Ebullition In Quiescent, Yield-Stress Fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, G. R.; Sherwood, David J.; Saez, A. Eduardo

    2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-Newtonian rheology is typical for the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) slurries processed in the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Hydrogen and other flammable gases are generated in the aqueous phase by radiolytic and chemical reactions. HLW slurries have a capacity for retaining gas characterized by the shear strength holding the bubbles still. The sizes and degassing characteristics of flammable gas bubbles in the HLW slurries expected to be processed by the WTP are important considerations for designing equipment and operating procedures. Slurries become increasingly susceptible to degassing as the bubble concentration increases. This susceptibility and the process of ebullitive bubble enlargement are described here. When disturbed, the fluid undergoes localized flow around neighboring bubbles which are dragged together and coalesce, producing an enlarged bubble. For the conditions considered in this work, bubble size increase is enough to displace the weight required to overcome the fluid shear strength and yield the surroundings. The buoyant bubble ascends and accumulates others within a zone of influence, enlarging by a few orders of magnitude. This process describes how the first bubbles appear on the surface of a 7 Pa shear strength fluid a few seconds after being jarred.

  6. Predicting the Yields of Photometric Surveys for Transiting Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas G. Beatty

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observing extrasolar planetary transits is one of the only ways that we may infer the masses and radii of planets outside the Solar System. As such, the detections made by photometric transit surveys are one of the only foreseeable ways that the areas of planetary interiors, system dynamics, migration, and formation will acquire more data. Predicting the yields of these surveys therefore serves as a useful statistical tool. Predictions allows us to check the efficiency of transit surveys (``are we detecting all that we should?'') and to test our understanding of the relevant astrophysics (``what parameters affect predictions?''). Furthermore, just the raw numbers of how many planets will be detected by a survey can be interesting in its own right. Here, we look at two different approaches to modeling predictions (forward and backward), and examine three different transit surveys (TrES, XO, and Kepler). In all cases, making predictions provides valuable insight into both extrasolar planets and the surveys themselves, but this must be tempered by an appreciation of the uncertainties in the statistical cut-offs used by the transit surveys.

  7. Isolation of flow and nonflow correlations by two- and four-particle cumulant measurements of azimuthal harmonics in ?sNN = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abdelwahab, N. M.

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A data-driven method was applied to Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance ??-dependent and ??-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a ??-independent component of the correlation, which is dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of ? within the measured range of pseudorapidity |?| T less than 2 GeV/c. The ??-dependent part, attributed tomore »nonflow correlations, is found to be 5% ± 2%(sys.) relative to the flow of the measured second harmonic cumulant at |??| > 0.7. (author)« less

  8. Measurement of the asymmetry parameter for the decay {Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Bai, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on a sample of 58x10{sup 6}J/{psi} decays collected with the BESII detector at the BEPC, the {Lambda} decay parameter {alpha}{sub {Lambda}}for {Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +} is measured using about 9000 J/{psi}{yields}{Lambda}{Lambda}{yields}pp{pi}{sup +{pi}-} decays. A fit to the joint angular distributions yields {alpha}{sub {Lambda}({Lambda}{yields}p{pi}{sup +})}=-0.755{+-}0.083{+-}0.063, where the first error is statistical, and the second systematic.

  9. Measurement of the {eta}{sup '}-Meson Mass using J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{eta}{sup '}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Libby, J.; Martin, L.; Powell, A.; Wilkinson, G. [University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Ecklund, K. M. [State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Love, W.; Savinov, V. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Mendez, H. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] (and others)

    2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the mass of the {eta}{sup '} meson using {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi}, J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{eta}{sup '} events acquired with the CLEO-c detector operating at the CESR e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. Using three decay modes, {eta}{sup '}{yields}{rho}{sup 0}{gamma}, {eta}{sup '}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{eta} with {eta}{yields}{gamma}{gamma}, and {eta}{sup '}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{eta} with {eta}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, we find M{sub {eta}{sup '}}=957.793{+-}0.054{+-}0.036 MeV, in which the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. This result is consistent with but substantially more precise than the current world average.

  10. EXPERIMENT 7101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 05/31/07 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPERIMENT 7101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 05/31/07 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED49-242 NAVY GENTEC, VISTA 23 28.3 18.8 51.4 97.4 3.0 47.6 3.5 N01453 B98301/N97772 16 28.0 17.6 4900838/B98304//N00792 24 23.9 19.0 52.5 99.4 1.6 52.4 4.0 #12;EXPERIMENT 7101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST

  11. Relationships of milk yield and season of calving with ovarian cyclicity of Holstein and Jersey cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Sanchez, Andres

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    estimated for 60, 90, 120, and 305 days in lactation. Average postpartum intervals to first two ovulations of Holsteins (23 and 44 days) were longer than for Jerseys (19 and 39 days). length of first two estrous cycles were 19 and 24 days for Jerseys... days/100 kg 305-day milk yield). 'This unfavorable milk yield ? ovulation relationship was undetectable by third ovulation which averaged 67 days postpartum. Length of second estrous cycle of Holsteins was unrelated to milk yield, but foz Jerseys...

  12. Yields of delayed-neutron groups in thermal-neutron fission of sup 229 Th

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gudkov, A.N.; Koldobskii, A.B.; Krivasheev, S.V.; Lebedev, N.A.; Pchelin, V.A. (Moscow Engineering-Physics Institute (SU))

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Absolute yields of five delayed-neutron groups in thermal-neutron fission of {sup 229}Th have been determined for the first time. A significant discrepancy is noted between the experimental yields of delayed neutrons of the fourth group and the corresponding theoretical values. From the results of the experimental studies, corrections have been determined for even--odd effects in the charge distributions of the yields of fragment nuclides.

  13. A stochastic model for sediment yield using the Principle of Maximum Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, V. P.; Krstanovic, P. F.

    WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 23, NO. 5, PAGES 781-793, MAY 1987 A Stochastic Model for Sediment Yield Using the Principle of Maximum Entropy V. P. SINGH AND P. F. KRSTANOVIC Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton... Rouge The principle of maximum entropy was applied to derive a stochastic model for sediment yield from upland watersheds. By maximizing the conditional entropy subject to certain constraints, a probability distribution of sediment yield conditioned...

  14. Stellar Yields of Rotating First Stars. I. Yields of Weak Supernovae and Abundances of Carbon-enhanced Hyper Metal Poor Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Koh; Yoshida, Takashi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform stellar evolution simulation of first stars and calculate stellar yields from the first supernovae. The initial masses are taken from 12 to 140 Msun to cover the whole range of core-collapse supernova progenitors, and stellar rotation is included, which results in efficient internal mixing. A weak explosion is assumed in supernova yield calculations, thus only outer distributed matter, which is not affected by the explosive nucleosynthesis, is ejected in the models. We show that the initial mass and the rotation affect the explosion yield. All the weak explosion models have abundances of [C/O] larger than unity. Stellar yields from massive progenitors of > 40-60 Msun show enhancement of Mg and Si. Rotating models yield abundant Na and Al. And Ca is synthesized in non-rotating heavy massive models of > 80 Msun. We fit the stellar yields to the three most iron-deficient stars, and constrain the initial parameters of the mother progenitor stars. The abundance pattern in SMSS 0313-6708 is well explaine...

  15. A comparison of silage and grain yields of four corn hybrids at three locations in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelino, Rafael Agcaoili

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A (X)HPARISOM Of SILAGM AND GRAIN YI~ QF FODR ~ HYBRIDS AT THRE1'' LOGATIONS IM TzXAS A Thesis RAPAol, A. I JKThI, INO Approve as to stgrle aml content Qs (~chairmen of GcnsmLtt ( Haad Department June, 1&54 , ;. RY OF TE A v... TABLES Page 20 31 Analysis of variance of silage yields at Temple Analysis of variance of grain yields at Temple . Analysis of varianoe of lodging percentage at Temple. . . ~ 12 o ~ 12 ~ i 13 4, 5 ~ 6, 70 Silage yield, grain yield...

  16. An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve With Macroeconomic Jump Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piazzesi, Monika

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kenneth Singleton (1997). “An Econometric Model of the TermDiscretely-Sampled Data. ” Econometric Theory 4, pp. 231-An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve with Macroeconomic

  17. Comparison Of Expected Yields For Light Radioactive Beams At SPIRAL-1 And 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Comparison Of Expected Yields For Light Radioactive Beams At SPIRAL-1 And 2 Saint-Laurent M of this contribution is the comparison of yields expected for light radioactive beams at SPIRAL-1 and after an upgrade, Switzerland. Abstract. Light-particles stable high-intensity beams (p, d, 3,4 He...) will be available from

  18. Rutgers-Camden Researchers Identify a Key Protein for Yield and Biomass Accumulation in Plants.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Alice Y.C.

    Rutgers-Camden Researchers Identify a Key Protein for Yield and Biomass Accumulation in Plants. Growth, cell patterning, yield, and biomass accumulation in plants are controlled by multi and biomass accumulation. A particular protein, GIGANTUS1 (GTS1), named for its role in regulating a GIANT

  19. Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Tamara

    Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

  20. The Current State of Casting Yield: Results from the 1997 Steel Founders'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    , Chicago, IL, 1997. #12;lNTRODUCTlON It is commonly believed that the average metal yield in the steel casting industry is approximately 50 to 55 percent. A primary goal of conducting the casting yield survey additional costs in remelting scrapped steel (estimated to account for 7% of the total casting cost

  1. Assessing the individual contributions of variations in temperature, solar radiation and precipitation to crop yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Andrew W.

    Short Title:15 Contributions, Temperature, Solar radiation, Precipitation, Crop yield16 Page 1 of 41 The results showed that year-to-year variations in temperature, solar radiation and precipitation28 in solar radiation showed the strongest isolated impact on simulated yields.34 Its decrease caused

  2. Modelling the convenience yield in carbon prices using daily and realized measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ) for crude oil or natural gas markets. This article focuses on the modelling of the convenience yield, and economic risks specific to this market (see Chevallier et al. (2009) for more details). Besides, carbon: This article investigates the modelling of the convenience yield in the European carbon market by using daily

  3. Engineering salt-tolerant Brassica plants: Characterization of yield and seed oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumwald, Eduardo

    Engineering salt-tolerant Brassica plants: Characterization of yield and seed oil quality of the these plants was only marginally affected by the high salt concen- tration. Moreover, seed yields and the seed that with a combination of breeding and transgenic plants it could be possible to produce salt-tolerant crops with far

  4. 2004 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, B. Long, N. Blakely, and K. Terpstra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, B. Long, N. Blakely, and K. Terpstra Crop and Soil Sciences classes. At the Saginaw Valley Bean & Sugarbeet Research Farm, 18 yield trials were planted on nine acres. These included a 49-entry standard navy bean test; a 81-entry standard black test, a 72-entry preliminary navy

  5. 2013 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2013 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences The dry bean breeding program initiated its fifth season on the new 320 acre Saginaw ten years. The drought resulted in overall lower yields but allowed for selection of those bean lines

  6. 2012 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2012 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences The bean breeding program initiated its fourth season on the new 320 acre research farm and genotypic differences were observed. Yield in cranberry beans approached 40 cwt and many lines

  7. Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Stochastic convenience yield model following an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process 7 2.1 Mean and variance of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2 Market price

  8. Isolation of Flow and Nonflow Correlations by Two- and Four-Particle Cumulant Measurements of Azimuthal Harmonics in $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}} =$ 200 GeV Au+Au Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. M. Abdelwahab; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; A. Banerjee; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; S. Bültmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderóndela Barca Sánchez; J. M. Campbell; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; G. Contin; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; F. Ding; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; P. Filip; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; S. Gliske; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. K. Kosarzewski; L. Kotchenda; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. L. Olvitt Jr.; B. S. Page; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; K. Poniatowska; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; A. Sandacz; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; M. Simko; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; X. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; M. A. Szelezniak; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; A. Vossen; M. Wada; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; J. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; W. Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; N. Yu; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak

    2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A data-driven method was applied to measurements of Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}} =$ 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance $\\Delta\\eta$-dependent and $\\Delta\\eta$-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a component of the correlation that is $\\Delta\\eta$-independent, which is likely dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of $\\eta$ within the measured range of pseudorapidity $|\\eta| 0.7$.

  9. Accurate, objective, reliable, and timely predictions of crop yield over large areas are critical to helping ensure the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    /export plans and prices. Development of objective mathematical models of crop yield prediction using remote

  10. Rapid selection and identification of Miscanthus genotypes with enhanced glucan and xylan yields from hydrothermal pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Taiying; Wyman, Charles E; Jakob, Katrin; Yang, Bin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sugar yields with various biomass feedstocks, such as cornand other selected biomass feedstocks Biomass Composition (%

  11. Stand-yield prediction for managed ocala sand pine. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockwood, D.L.; Yang, B.; Outcalt, K.W.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sand pine is a very important species in Florida, producing significant quantities of fiber. The purpose of this study was to develop the site index and stand-level growth and yield equations managers need to make informed decisions. Data were collected from 35 seeded plots of Ocala sand pine covering a range of site indexes, ages, and densities in 1982-83. These plots were remeasured 5 and 10 years later and the data used to develop growth and yield equations by tree component. Equations for both current and future yields in volume and weight measures are given. These equations gave very good results when tested by comparing actual yields with predicted yields for a second set of 22 sand pine plantations measured in the panhandle area of Florida.

  12. The results of a world-wide study on yield improvement are presented. Die yields col-lected from 21 fabs are transformed via a logit formula and compared. The die yields and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    -aided manufacturing practices and statistical process control practices in addition to commonly cited practices improvement rates of the fabs are compared, and manufacturing yield improve- ment practices are evaluated such as particle control and advanced manufacturing technology. #12;Introduction The results of a world-wide study

  13. DETERMINING THE RATIO OF THE H+ YIELDS TV TO H+ YIELDS TB DECAY RATES FOR LARGE TAN BETA AT THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDER.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ASSAMAGAN,K.A.GUASCH,J.MORETTI,S.PENARANDA,S.

    2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results on the determination of the observable ratio R = BR(H{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sup -})/BR(H{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}) of charged Higgs boson decay rates as a discriminant quantity between Supersymmetric and non-Supersymmetric models. Simulation of measurements of this quantity through the analysis of the charged Higgs production process gb {yields} tbH{sup +} and relative backgrounds in the two above decay channels has been performed in the context of ATLAS. A {approx} 12-14% accuracy on R can be achieved for tan {beta} = 50, m{sub H{sup {+-}}} = 300-500 GeV and after an integrated luminosity of 300 fb{sup -1}. With this precision measurement, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can easily discriminate between models for the two above scenarios, so long as tan {beta} > 20.

  14. To study of different level of nitrogen manure and density on yield and yield component of variety of K.S.C 704 in dry region of sistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahmardeh, M.; Forghani, F.; Khammari, E. [Department of Agronomy, Plant breeding and genetic, Faculty of Agricutlure, Zabol University (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Out of three grain of the world, Corn is one of the best, About 7 to 10 thousand years ago in south of Mexico corn become domesticated. In the year 1995 culfivation of corn in the world was 130 mil/ha, and to Total production of the world of corn is 507 M/Tons. Average yield of corn in the year 1995 Among Producer countries was 7.78 To 7.60 t/ha in fance and united state was state was 2.36 To 2.20 t/ha, but in Brazil and Mexico Production of corn was different. With this regards, special manner has been arranged for the suitable cultivation or suitable density plants in one heactar on cultivation variety of K.S.C 704 corn. Also suitable level of Nitrogen manure, this Protect in climatic condition of Sistan region done, sith complete block design with 3 replication. Experiment has been selected as split plot, the main plot with 4 different concentration level such as (200-250-3500 and 350 Kg/ha) and sub plot density with 3 different level such as 111000,83000 and 66000 plan/ha respectively. From stage growth up to harvesting of corn in this reache having Data for each treat. ment, After harvesting Analysis of variance and companion of Average of each treatment has been done by DunKan method. Results has been shown, Measurment of characteristics (yield component) seed yield effected different density level of manure, with increasing of manure weight of one thousand seed yield and also in high density showed high significant differente amoung each other. These are with suitable climatic condition of sistan region if enough water will be available ed using Amount of 350 ks/ha Nitrogen manure and with density 111000 plants/ha we can product suitable seed yield Biological yield.

  15. EXPT. 3101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/2/2003 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPT. 3101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/2/2003 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD SEED DAYS.0 47.5 5.0 N00727 HURON/N94080//I92919 11 33.6 17.6 51 100.0 2.0 49.5 4.5 I02538 SCEPTER,GENTEC,NAVY 70.8 5.0 I01724 FRIGATE(NAVY) 69 32.8 17.8 49 99.4 2.0 50.6 4.0 N00762 VISTA/MACKINAC//N94080 17 32.6 16

  16. EXPT. 2101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/8/2002 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD CWT SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPT. 2101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/8/2002 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD CWT SEED.0 4.9 I01721 ROG 331(NAVY) 78 34.7 19.3 45.5 97.6 3.0 42.0 3.5 N00811 C-20//VISTA/MACKINAC 45 34.7 24.2 48.5 99.9 2.5 48.0 4.0 N00723 B96617/HURON 21 34.6 19.9 48.0 97.0 3.0 44.0 4.5 I02538 SCEPTER,GENTEC,NAVY

  17. EXPT. 4101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/2/2004 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPT. 4101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST PLANTING DATE 6/2/2004 ENTRY PEDIGREE, NAME NO. YIELD SEED DAYS (GENTEC,NAVY) 49 20.4 24.0 44.0 93.0 2.0 46.6 4.1 N00762 VISTA/MACKINAC//N94080 11 20.2 17.5 47.0 94.0 1.0 46.4 4.6 I03351 COMET (ISB,NAVY) 46 19.8 26.7 44.0 90.0 1.5 46.0 4.6 I91112 SCHOONER (NOVARTIS) 47 19

  18. EXPERIMENT 8101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST DATE 06/03/08 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS TO DAYS TO LODGING HEIGHT DES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPERIMENT 8101 STANDARD NAVY YIELD TEST DATE 06/03/08 ENTRY NAMES NO. YIELD CWT 100 SEED DAYS(NAVY) 26 17.2 22.8 46.1 91.4 2.0 50.2 4.0 I06271 ND012103, AVALANCHE 25 17.2 22.8 45.0 92.5 1.5 51.8 5.0 N06701 N00838/N00809//N00729 6 17.0 21.3 45.9 92.5 1.0 48.3 4.1 I08903 LIGHTNING NAVY 24 16.7 20

  19. Branching fraction and charge asymmetry measurements in B{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{pi} decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, IN2P3/CNRS et Universite de Savoie, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux (France); Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E. [Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Fisica, Departament ECM, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Lopez, L.; Palano, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L. [University of Bergen, Institute of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway); Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] (and others)

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the decays B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}, including intermediate resonances, using a sample of 382x10{sup 6} BB pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} B factory. We measure the branching fractions B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{rho}{sup 0})=(2.7{+-}0.3{+-}0.2)x10{sup -5} and B(B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{rho}{sup +})=(5.0{+-}0.7{+-}0.3)x10{sup -5}. We also set the following upper limits at the 90% confidence level: B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} nonresonant)<1.2x10{sup -5}, B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}f{sub 2})<4.6x10{sup -6}, and B(B{sup +}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0} nonresonant)<7.3x10{sup -6}. We measure the charge asymmetry in charged B decays to J/{psi}{rho} to be -0.11{+-}0.12{+-}0.08.

  20. Yield strength dependence on strain rate of molybdenum-alloy nanofibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loya, P. E.; Peng, C.; Zhang, P.; Zhang, J.; Lou, J. [Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); Xia, Y. Z. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Bei, H. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); George, E. P.; Gao, Y. F. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The yield strength dependence on strain rate was studied for molybdenum-alloy nanofibers with varying initial dislocation density at three different pre-strain levels. In-situ tensile experiments at three displacement rates were carried out in a scanning electron microscope. Yield strength and its scatter decreased as a function of the pre-strain level for different displacement rates. A statistical model was used to analyze the results, and a negative strain rate dependence was inferred from the yield experiments. This finding suggests the need for theoretical investigations since classical models such as dynamic strain aging may have limitations at such nanoscales.

  1. The influence of date and rate of seeding wheat on yield of grain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamma, Wifki Shakir El-

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in precipitation with slight increase 1n temperature caused a great decrease in number of' tillers. rh1s agrees with Smith (33), who found a correlation of 0 . 92 between rain- fall and amount, of tillering. Hei ht of Plant Average height of shoot is presented... grain yield per plant in grams is presented in Table 18 and tne analysis of va. " iance in Table 19 . The delay 1n sowing had a deleterious effect on the yield per plant. The results we'e significant at . 05 level. The fall 1n yield was conspicuous...

  2. Engineering design automation tool for yield learning model for IC packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarwar, Abul Kalam

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the highest increase in the slope of the yield. Slope of Yield vs Technology 0 015 5~ 0. 01 o K 0. 005 0 VI 0 M T+M+O+C Technology M+C+T Figure 10. Effect of the technology on the slope of yield 20 Additional pieces of equipment Figure 11 shows.... Teams T+M+O+C M+C+T M+C+T M Table 7. Look up table(coefficients) for PBGA package assembly Equipment Comp. Process Complexity Experience level Technology Addi. equipment. Teams 0. 004167 0. 01625 0. 24105 0. 01 208 0. 01 9688 0. 028194 -0...

  3. Delayed neutron yield from fast neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piksaikin, V M; Isaev, S G; Kazakov, L E; Roshchenko, V A; Tertytchnyi, R G

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The measurements of the total delayed neutron yield from fast neutron induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U were made. The experimental method based on the periodic irradiation of the fissionable sample by neutrons from a suitable nuclear reaction had been employed. The preliminary results on the energy dependence of the total delayed neutron yield from fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U are obtained. According to the comparison of experimental data with our prediction based on correlation properties of delayed neutron characteristics, it is concluded that the value of the total delayed neutron yield near the threshold of (n,f) reaction is not a constant.

  4. Measurement of Pressure Dependent Fluorescence Yield of Air: Calibration Factor for UHECR Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belz, J.W.; Burt, G.W.; Cao, Z.; Chang, F.Y.; Chen, C.C.; Chen, C.W.; Chen, P.; Field, C.; Findlay, J.; Huntemeyer, Petra; Huang, M.A.; Hwang, W.-Y.P.; Iverson, R.; Jones, B.F.; Jui, C.C.H.; Kirn, M.; Lin, G.-L.; Loh, E.C.; Maestas, M.M.; Manago, N.; Martens, K.; /Montana U. /Utah U. /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Rutgers U., Piscataway

    2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In a test experiment at the Final Focus Test Beam of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the fluorescence yield of 28.5 GeV electrons in air and nitrogen was measured. The measured photon yields between 300 and 400 nm at 1 atm and 29 C are Y(760 Torr){sup air} = 4.42 {+-} 0.73 and Y(760 Torr){sup N{sub 2}} = 29.2 {+-} 4.8 photons per electron per meter. Assuming that the fluorescence yield is proportional to the energy deposition of a charged particle traveling through air, good agreement with measurements at lower particle energies is observed.

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Nuclear, and Low Nuclear cases, 2010-2035 Projections Reference High Nuclear Low Nuclear Nuclear plant cumulative retirements gigawatts) 6.1 0.6 30.9 Generating capacity...

  6. The yield of Amorphous Solids Under Stress Control at Low Temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valery Ilyin; Itamar Procaccia; Carmel Shor; Murari Singh

    2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The yield of amorphous solids like metallic glasses under external stress was discussed asserting that it is related to the glass transition by increasing temperature, or that it can be understood using statistical theories of various sorts. Here we study the approach to stress-controlled yield and argue that neither assertions can be supported, at least at low temperatures. The yield of amorphous solids at low temperatures is a highly structured phenomenon, characterized by a specific series of mechanical instabilities, and having no similarity at all to fluidization by increased temperature, real or fictive. The series of instabilities followed by stress controlled yield at low but finite temperature protocols can be predicted by analyzing athermal quasi-static strain controlled protocols, making the latter highly relevant for the deep understanding of the mechanical properties of amorphous solids.

  7. Radiative B{yields}K{sub 1} decays in the light-cone sum rules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jong-Phil [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The weak form factor for B{yields}K{sub 1B} where K{sub 1B} is the {sup 1}P{sub 1} state is calculated in the light-cone sum rules (LCSR). Combining the quark model result for the form factor of B{yields}K{sub 1A} with K{sub 1A} being the {sup 3}P{sub 1} state, we have larger values for B{yields}K{sub 1} form factors than the previous LCSR results. The increased form factors reduce the discrepancy between theory and the experimental data for B{yields}K{sub 1}{gamma}. Some phenomenological meanings are also discussed.

  8. Reliability-yield allocation for semiconductor integrated circuits: modeling and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Chunghun

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research develops yield and reliability models for fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits and develops optimization algorithms that can be directly applied to these models. Since defects cause failures in microelectronics systems...

  9. Equivalent plastic strain for the Hill's yield criterion under general three-dimensional loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colby, Rebecca B. (Rebecca Bea)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many industrial applications, an accurate model of the initial yield surface of materials with a significant degree of anisotropy is required. Anisotropy due to preferred orientation can occur in sheet metal parts used ...

  10. Vegetation and wildfire controls on sediment yield in bedrock Roman A. DiBiase1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiBiase, Roman A.

    sensitive to climate, tectonics, and wildfire. Predicting landscape response to these pertur- bations demands a quantitative understanding of erosion processes. However, existing models for hillslope sediment scale, our measurements match records of postfire sediment yield from nearby retention basins. Contrary

  11. Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane the current study and the previous measurements in similar flames with methane, ethane, and propane flames

  12. New correlations for dew-point, specific gravity and producing yield for gas condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ovalle Cortissoz, Adriana Patricia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents four newly developed correlations to estimate dew-point pressure, current specific gravity and producing yield of gas condensate reservoirs. The first correlation may be used to predict the dew-point pressure of the reservoir gas...

  13. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  14. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  15. Quantitative trait loci(qtl) analysis of yield components and heat tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, Jung Hwa

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    component traits in the 62 RILs in four individual environments?.. 94 Table XV Summary of QTLs identified by composite interval mapping for heat tolerance based on simple score of yield and its component traits in the 62 RILs in four...

  16. Shear-Transformation-Zone Theory of Yielding in Athermal Amorphous Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. S. Langer

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Yielding transitions in athermal amorphous materials resemble critical phenomena. Historically, they have been described by the Herschel-Bulkley rheological formula, which implies singular behaviors at yield points. In this paper, I examine this class of phenomena using an elementary version of the thermodynamic shear-transformation-zone (STZ) theory, focusing on the role of the effective disorder temperature, and paying special attention to scaling and dimensional arguments. I find a wide variety of Herschel-Bulkley-like rheologies but, for fundamental reasons not specific to the STZ theory, conclude that the yielding transition is not truly critical. In particular, there is a correlation length that grows rapidly, but ultimately saturates near the yield point.

  17. New correlations for dew-point, specific gravity and producing yield for gas condensates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ovalle Cortissoz, Adriana Patricia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents four newly developed correlations to estimate dew-point pressure, current specific gravity and producing yield of gas condensate reservoirs. The first correlation may be used to predict the dew-point pressure of the reservoir gas...

  18. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  19. Forecasting the Standard & Poor's 500 stock index futures price: interest rates, dividend yields, and cointegration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritsch, Roger Erwin

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    forward price series is constructed using interest rate and dividend yield data. Out-of-sample forecasts from error correction models are compared to those from vector autoregressions (VAR) fit to levels and VARs fit to first differences. This comparison...

  20. Search for B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi} decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Y.; Iwabuchi, M.; Kim, Y. J. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Hayama (Japan); Trabelsi, K.; Adachi, I.; Dalseno, J.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ozaki, H.; Sakai, Y.; Schuemann, J.; Takasaki, F. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a search for the decay B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi}, using a sample of 657x10{sup 6} BB pairs collected with the Belle detector at the {upsilon}(4S) resonance. No statistically significant signal is found and an upper limit for the branching fraction is determined to be B(B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}{phi})<9.4x10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

  1. Spatial stochastic processes for yield and reliability management with applications to nano electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Jung Yoon

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    SPATIAL STOCHASTIC PROCESSES FOR YIELD AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT WITH APPLICATIONS TO NANO ELECTRONICS A Dissertation by JUNG YOON HWANG Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful?llment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering SPATIAL STOCHASTIC PROCESSES FOR YIELD AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT WITH APPLICATIONS TO NANO ELECTRONICS A Dissertation by JUNG YOON HWANG Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  2. Fission Fragment Distributions and Delayed Neutron Yields from Photon-Induced-Fission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, J.-C.; Dore, D.; Giacri-Mauborgne, M.-L.; Ridikas, D.; Lauwe, A. van [DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, CEA/Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France)

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Fission fragment distributions and delayed neutron yields for 235U and 238U are provided by a complete modelization of the photofission process below 25 MeV. The absorption cross-section parameterization and the fission fragment distributions are given and compared to experimental data. The delayed neutron yields and the half-lives in terms of six groups are presented and compared to data obtained with a bremsstrahlung spectrum of 15 MeV.

  3. Application of a water rights analysis program to reservoir system yield calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walls, William Brian

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    corrected to approximate naturalized flows. As water management becomes more critical, it is necessary to gage the effect of governmental institutions on reservoir yields. In Texas and elsewhere, water users are governed by a system of water rights.... The effect of this system on firm yields must be quantified in order to provide effective water management. This thesis documents research into the effect of the Texas water rights system on the Brazos River Authority reservoir system. A new generalized...

  4. A conceptual model for determining yield loss due to drought stress in sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Paul Robert

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A Thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Approved as to style and content by: Marshall J. McFarland (Chair of Committee...

  5. CVD Growth of Carbon Nanostructures from Zirconia: Mechanisms and a Method for Enhancing Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudo, Akira; Steiner, Stephen A., III; Bayer, Bernhard C.; Kidambi, Piran R.; Hofmann, Stephan; Strano, Michael S.; Wardle, Brian L.

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    the growth is due to zirconia nanoparticles. Recently, morphologies of carbon nanostructures similar to those investigated in this work have been reported in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) comprised of yttria-stabilized zirconia.63,64 ? CONCLUSION Distinct... and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited. etc.). Despite attempts to improve yield via parametric optimization of process conditions,18 a reliable process for reproducible growth of CNTs and CNFs that yields comparable areal density...

  6. Mass production of multi-wall carbon nanotubes by metal dusting process with high yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghorbani, H. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rashidi, A.M., E-mail: Rashidiam@ripi.ir [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rastegari, S.; Mirdamadi, S. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alaei, M. [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), West Blvd. Azadi Sport Complex, P.O. Box 14665-1998, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Research highlights: {yields} Synthesis of carbon nanotubes over Fe-Ni nanoparticles supported alloy 304L. {yields} Production of carbon nanotubes with high yield (700-1000%) and low cost catalyst. {yields} Optimum growth condition is CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C under long term repetitive thermal cycling. {yields} Possibility of the mass production by metal dusting process with low cost. -- Abstract: Carbon nanotube materials were synthesized over Fe-Ni nanoparticles generated during disintegration of the surface of alloy 304L under metal dusting environment. The metal dusting condition was simulated and optimized through exposing stainless steel samples during long term repetitive thermal cycling in CO/H{sub 2} = 1/1, total gas flow rate 100 cm{sup 3}/min, at 620 {sup o}C for 300 h. After reaction, surface morphology of the samples and also carbonaceous deposition which had grown on sample surfaces were examined by stereoscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results revealed that multi-wall carbon nanotubes could be formed over nanocatalyst generated on the alloy surface by exploiting metal dusting process. By optimization of reaction parameters the yields of carbon nanotube materials obtained were 700-1000%. Also it has been shown herein that the amount of carbon nanotube materials remarkably increases when the reaction time is extended up to 300 h, indicating a possibility of the mass production by this easy method.

  7. Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) has been prepared for the 92-Acre Area, the southeast quadrant of the Radioactive Waste Management Site, located in Area 5 of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The 92-Acre Area includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 92-Acre Area, which includes CAU 111. The result of the DQO process was that the 92-Acre Area is sufficiently characterized to provide the input data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives (CAAs) without the collection of additional data. The DQOs are included as Appendix A of this document. This CADD/CAP identifies and provides the rationale for the recommended CAA for the 92-Acre Area, provides the plan for implementing the CAA, and details the post-closure plan. When approved, this CADD/CAP will supersede the existing Pit 3 (P03) Closure Plan, which was developed in accordance with Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265, 'Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities.' This document will also serve as the Closure Plan and the Post-Closure Plan, which are required by 40 CFR 265, for the 92-Acre Area. After closure activities are complete, a request for the modification of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit that governs waste management activities at the NNSS will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to incorporate the requirements for post-closure monitoring. Four CAAs, ranging from No Further Action to Clean Closure, were evaluated for the 92-Acre Area. The CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. Based on the evaluation of the data used to develop the conceptual site model; a review of past, current, and future operations at the site; and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, Closure in Place with Administrative Controls is the preferred CAA for the 92-Acre Area. Closure activities will include the following: (1) Constructing an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the 92-Acre Area; (2) Installing use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; (3) Establishing vegetation on the cover; (4) Implementing a UR; and (5) Implementing post-closure inspections and monitoring. The Closure in Place with Administrative Controls alternative meets all requirements for the technical components evaluated, fulfills all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site, and will minimize potential future exposure pathways to the buried waste at the site.

  8. Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) has been prepared for the 92-Acre Area, the southeast quadrant of the Radioactive Waste Management Site, located in Area 5 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The 92-Acre Area includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 92-Acre Area, which includes CAU 111. The result of the DQO process was that the 92-Acre Area is sufficiently characterized to provide the input data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives (CAAs) without the collection of additional data. The DQOs are included as Appendix A of this document. This CADD/CAP identifies and provides the rationale for the recommended CAA for the 92-Acre Area, provides the plan for implementing the CAA, and details the post-closure plan. When approved, this CADD/CAP will supersede the existing Pit 3 (P03) Closure Plan, which was developed in accordance with Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265, 'Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities.' This document will also serve as the Closure Plan and the Post-Closure Plan, which are required by 40 CFR 265, for the 92-Acre Area. After closure activities are complete, a request for the modification of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit that governs waste management activities at the NTS will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to incorporate the requirements for post-closure monitoring. Four CAAs, ranging from No Further Action to Clean Closure, were evaluated for the 92-Acre Area. The CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. Based on the evaluation of the data used to develop the conceptual site model; a review of past, current, and future operations at the site; and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, Closure in Place with Administrative Controls is the preferred CAA for the 92-Acre Area. Closure activities will include the following: (1) Constructing an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the 92-Acre Area; (2) Installing use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; (3) Establishing vegetation on the cover; (4) Implementing a UR; and (5) Implementing post-closure inspections and monitoring. The Closure in Place with Administrative Controls alternative meets all requirements for the technical components evaluated, fulfills all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site, and will minimize potential future exposure pathways to the buried waste at the site.

  9. Comparative Analysis of the Effect of Different Alkaline Catalysts on Biodiesel Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cynthia Ofori-boateng; Ebenezer M. Kwofie; Moses Y. Mensah

    Abstract: A major challenge in the biodiesel industry is the comparatively high cost of raw materials for production. A cost build-up analysis of biodiesel production from J. curcas oil shows that catalyst alone contributes about 50.9 % of the total production cost. This paper aims at highlighting the effects of two different commonly used catalysts on the yield of biodiesel. Samples of biodiesel were produced by three different methods namely single stage transesterification (SST), double stage transesterification (DST) and foolproof (FP) processes in which sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) were used. The effects of each catalyst on the production yield were analyzed and compared. NaOH gave production yields of 79%, 81% and 84 % for the SST, DST and FP processes respectively. KOH produced comparatively lower yields of 68%, 71 % and 75 % for SST, DST and fool proof processes respectively. Although the use of KOH slightly raises the cost of biodiesel production as compared to NaOH, the local production of KOH from cocoa husks could minimize the production cost. Abbreviations: BDF = Biodiesel fuel; PDF = Petroleum diesel fuel; DF = Diesel fuel Key words: Transesterification Alkaline catalysts Biodiesel yield Biodiesel KOH NaOH

  10. The effect of premature wall yield on creep testing of strongly-flocculated suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony D. Stickland; Ashish Kumar; Tiara E. Kusuma; Peter J. Scales; Amy Tindley; Simon Biggs; Richard Buscall

    2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring yielding in cohesive suspensions is often hampered by slip at measurement surfaces. This paper presents creep data for strongly-flocculated suspensions obtained using vane-in-cup tools with differing cup-to-vane diameter ratios. The three suspensions were titania and alumina aggregated at their isoelectric points and polymer-flocculated alumina. The aim was to find the diameter ratio where slip or premature yielding at the cup wall had no effect on the transient behaviour. The large diameter ratio results showed readily understandable material behaviour comprising linear viscoelasticity at low stresses, strain-softening close to yielding, time-dependent yield across a range of stresses and then viscous flow. Tests in small ratio geometries however showed more complex responses. Effects attributed to the cup wall included delayed softening, slip, multiple yielding and stick-slip events, and unsteady flow. The conclusion was that cups have to be relatively large to eliminate wall artefacts. A diameter ratio of three was sufficient in practice, although the minimum ratio must be material dependent.

  11. Z, ZX, and X-1: A Realistic Path to High Fusion Yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    COOK, DONALD L.

    1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Z-pinches now constitute the most energetic and powerful sources of x-rays available by a large margin. The Z accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories has produced 1.8 MJ of x-ray energy, 280 TW of power, and hohlraum temperatures of 200 eV. These advances are being applied to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments on Z. The requirements for high fusion yield are exemplified in the target to be driven by the X-1 accelerator. X-1 will drive two z-pinches, each producing 7 MJ of x-ray energy and about 1000 TW of x-ray power. Together, these radiation sources will heat a hohlraum containing the 4-mm diameter ICF capsule to a temperature exceeding 225 eV for about 10 ns, with the pulse shape required to drive the capsule to high fusion yield, in the range of 200--1000 MJ. Since X-1 consists of two identical accelerators, it is possible to mitigate the technical risk of high yield by constructing one accelerator. This accelerator, ZX, will bridge the gap from Z to X-1 by driving an integrated target experiment with a very efficient energy source, ZX will also provide experimental condition that the full specifications of the X-1 accelerator for high yield are achievable, and that a realistic path to high fission yield exists.

  12. Comparative analysis of the secondary electron yield from carbon nanoparticles and pure water medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verkhovtsev, Alexey; de Vera, Pablo; Surdutovich, Eugene; Guatelli, Susanna; Korol, Andrei V; Rosenfeld, Anatoly; Solov'yov, Andrey V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of secondary electrons generated by carbon nanoparticles and pure water medium irradiated by fast protons is studied by means of model approaches and Monte Carlo simulations. It is demonstrated that due to a prominent collective response to an external field, the nanoparticles embedded in the medium enhance the yield of low-energy electrons. The maximal enhancement is observed for electrons in the energy range where plasmons, which are excited in the nanoparticles, play the dominant role. Electron yield from a solid carbon nanoparticle composed of fullerite, a crystalline form of C60 fullerene, is demonstrated to be several times higher than that from liquid water. Decay of plasmon excitations in carbon-based nanosystems thus represents a mechanism of increase of the low-energy electron yield, similar to the case of sensitizing metal nanoparticles. This observation gives a hint for investigation of novel types of sensitizers to be composed of metallic and organic parts.

  13. Partial wave analysis of J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Bai, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Deng, Z. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; He, K. L.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049 (China)] (and others)

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a sample of 58 million J/{psi} events collected with the BESII detector at the BEPC, more than 100 000 J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0} events are selected, and a detailed partial wave analysis is performed. The branching fraction is determined to be Br(J/{psi}{yields}pp{pi}{sup 0})=(1.33{+-}0.02{+-}0.11)x10{sup -3}. A long-sought missing N*, first observed in J/{psi}{yields}pn{pi}{sup -}, is observed in this decay too, with mass and width of 2040{sub -4}{sup +3}{+-}25 MeV/c{sup 2} and 230{sub -8}{sup +8}{+-}52 MeV/c{sup 2}, respectively. Its spin-parity favors (3/2){sup +}. The masses, widths, and spin parities of other N* states are obtained as well.

  14. Yield enhancement of reconfigurable microfluidics-based biochips using interstitial redundancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei Su; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis are currently receiving much attention. They automate highly repetitive laboratory procedures by replacing cumbersome equipment with miniaturized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems become more complex, manufacturing yield will have significant influence on production volume and product cost. We propose an interstitial redundancy approach to enhance the yield of biochips that are based on droplet-based digital microfluidics. In this design method, spare cells are placed in the interstitial sites within the microfluidic array, and they replace neighboring faulty cells via local reconfiguration. The proposed design method is evaluated using a set of concurrent real-life bioassays. The defect-tolerant design approach based on space redundancy and local reconfiguration is expected to facilitate yield enhancement of microfluidics-based biochips, especially for the emerging marketplace.

  15. Decay b{yields}s{gamma} in the presence of a constant antisymmetric tensor field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahuatzin, G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Alvaro Obregon 64, Zona Centro, San Luis Potosi, S.L.P. 78000 (Mexico); Bautista, I. [IGFAE and Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Univ. of Santiago de Compostela, 15706, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Hernandez-Lopez, J. A.; Toscano, J. J. [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Apartado Postal 1152, Puebla, Puebla (Mexico); Ramirez-Zavaleta, F. [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Avenida Francisco J. Mujica S/N, 58060, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A constant antisymmetric 2-tensor can arise in general relativity with spontaneous symmetry breaking or in field theories formulated in a noncommutative space-time. In this work, the one-loop contribution of a nonstandard WW{gamma} vertex on the flavor violating quark transition q{sub i}{yields}q{sub j}{gamma} is studied in the context of the electroweak Yang-Mills sector extended with a Lorentz-violating constant 2-tensor. An exact analytical expression for the on-shell case is presented. It is found that the loop amplitude is gauge independent, electromagnetic gauge invariant, and free of ultraviolet divergences. The dipolar contribution to the b{yields}s{gamma} transition together with the experimental data on the B{yields}X{sub s{gamma}} decay is used to derive the constraint {Lambda}{sub LV}>1.96 TeV on the Lorentz-violating scale.

  16. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    estimates for installed capacity. Other methodological2008, yielding a cumulative installed capacity of small windTexas in cumulative installed capacity are Iowa, California,

  17. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16% of global installed capacity in 2011, up slightly from82% of the cumulative installed capacity. Utility ownership2010, yielding a cumulative installed capacity of small wind

  18. Relationships of milk yield and season of calving with ovarian cyclicity of Holstein and Jersey cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Sanchez, Andres

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Holsteins but not Jezseys. Intervals to fizst two ovulations increased . 68+. 33 to 1. 00+. 47 days/100 kg 60- day milk yield or . 31+. 19 to . 53t. 27 days/100 kg of 90-day milk yield, but the antagonism decreased with advancing lactation (b=. 18+. 10... observed in estrus and results are in Appendix Tables E to J. Results of analyses of all observations and of analyses of the data 22 subset of cows observed in estrus and all observations showed same responses of ovarian cyclicity. Student's t...

  19. Combining ability of yield components and agronomic characteristics among selected Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench inbreds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Leslie Kay

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parent which produces large seeded hybr ds According to the analysis of variance, gra'n yield did not appear to be significantly affe ted by female general con hiring ability (GCA i or spec' fic combining ab' 1' ty (SCA) . Female az'o male GCA... effects and SCA effects were significant for 300-seed weight, seeds per panicle, days to anthesis, plant height, panicle lencth, exsertion, and threshing percentage. In most cases the interact or. witl years was also important. GCA effects for yield...

  20. Yield Improvement and Energy Savings Uing Phosphonates as Additives in Kraft pulping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ulrike W. Tschirner; Timothy Smith

    2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Project Objective: Develop a commercially viable modification to the Kraft process resulting in energy savings, increased yield and improved bleachability. Evaluate the feasibility of this technology across a spectrum of wood species used in North America. Develop detailed fundamental understanding of the mechanism by which phosphonates improve KAPPA number and yield. Evaluate the North American market potential for the use of phosphonates in the Kraft pulping process. Examine determinants of customer perceived value and explore organizational and operational factors influencing attitudes and behaviors. Provide an economic feasibility assessment for the supply chain, both suppliers (chemical supply companies) and buyers (Kraft mills). Provide background to most effectively transfer this new technology to commercial mills.

  1. Scaling the Yield of Laser-Driven Electron-Positron Jets to Laboratory Astrophysical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hui; Link, A; Hazi, A; Hill, M; Hoarty, D; James, S; Kerr, S; Meyerhofer, D D; Myatt, J; Park, J; Sentoku, Y; Williams, G J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report new experimental results obtained on three different laser facilities that show directed laser-driven relativistic electron-positron jets with up to 30 times larger yields than previously obtained and a quadratic (~ E^2) dependence of the positron yield on the laser energy. This favorable scaling stems from a combination of higher energy electrons due to increased laser intensity and the recirculation of MeV electrons in the mm-thick target. Based on this scaling, first principles simulations predict the possibility of using such electron-positron jets, produced at upcoming high-energy laser facilities, to probe the physics of relativistic collisionless shocks in the laboratory.

  2. Study of asymmetric fission yield behavior from neutron-deficient Hg isotope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkasa, Y. S. [Department of Physics, Sunan Gunung Djati State Islamic University Bandung, Jl. A.H Nasution No. 105 Cibiru, Bandung (Indonesia); Waris, A., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id; Kurniadi, R., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id; Su'ud, Z., E-mail: awaris@fi.itb.ac.id [Nuclear Physics and Biophysics Research Division, Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of asymmetric fission yield behavior from a neutron-deficient Hg isotope has been conducted. The fission yield calculation of the neutron-deficient Hg isotope using Brownian Metropolis shape had showed unusual result at decreasing energy. In this paper, this interesting feature will be validated by using nine degree of scission shapes parameterization from Brosa model that had been implemented in TALYS nuclear reaction code. This validation is intended to show agreement between both model and the experiment result. The expected result from these models considered to be different due to dynamical properties that implemented in both models.

  3. A comparison of silage and grain yields of four corn hybrids at three locations in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelino, Rafael Agcaoili

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A (X)HPARISOM Of SILAGM AND GRAIN YI~ QF FODR ~ HYBRIDS AT THRE1'' LOGATIONS IM TzXAS A Thesis RAPAol, A. I JKThI, INO Approve as to stgrle aml content Qs (~chairmen of GcnsmLtt ( Haad Department June, 1&54 , ;. RY OF TE A v..., grain yield and lodging peroentage of four corn hybrids and three spacings& Tyler . . ~ 17 ') ~ bined analysis of varianoe of silage yields for the tmo locations ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 20 10. Combined analysis of varianoe of grain...

  4. Light oil yield improvement project at Granite City Division Coke/By-Product Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holloran, R.A. [National Steel Corp., Granite City, IL (United States). Granite City Div.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Light oil removal from coke oven gas is a process that has long been proven and utilized throughout many North American Coke/By-Products Plants. The procedures, processes, and equipment requirements to maximize light oil recovery at the Granite City By-Products Plant will be discussed. The Light Oil Yield Improvement Project initially began in July, 1993 and was well into the final phase by February, 1994. Problem solving techniques, along with utilizing proven theoretical recovery standards were applied in this project. Process equipment improvements and implementation of Operator/Maintenance Standard Practices resulted in an average yield increase of 0.4 Gals./NTDC by the end of 1993.

  5. Measurement of delayed neutron yields from {sup 235}U and {sup 238}U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kellett, M.A.; Weaver, D.R. [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom); Filip, A. [CEN Cadarache, St. Paul-les-Durance (France)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Work is in progress at the University of Birmingham, UK, on the preliminary calibration of detectors and neutron beam characterisation required in order to carry out the accurate measurement of the total and absolute delayed neutron yields from the fast fission of uranium 235 and 238. The work is being undertaken in order to try and resolve the discrepancies that exist in the yield for the uranium 238 isotope. The University`s 3 MV Dynamitron accelerator is being used to produce the required neutron fluxes of 10{sup 9} neutrons per steradian per second, as generated via the D(d,n){sup 3}He reaction.

  6. Possible Fine Structure in the Delayed Neutron Yields in the Resonance Region for Pu-239

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohsawa, Takaaki; Torii, Takayuki [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kinki University, Higashi-osaka 577-8502 (Japan); Hambsch, Franz-Josef [EC-JRC-Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium)

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of analysis of fluctuation in the delayed neutron yield on the basis of the multimodal fission model was applied to the low-energy resolved resonances for Pu-239. The present calculation using recent data of the fluctuation of the mode branching ratios for the resolved resonances showed both positive and negative resonance structure in the delayed neutron yield relative to the thermal neutron value. This is in contrast to the U-235 case, for which mainly negative dips of about -3.5% were predicted.

  7. New physics contribution to B{yields}K{pi} decays in soft collinear effective theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huitu, K. [Department of Physics, and Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FIN-00014, University of Helsinki (Finland); Khalil, S. [Centre for Theoretical Physics, British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, 11837 (Egypt) and Department of Mathematics, Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo, 11566 (Egypt)

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the 5{sigma} difference between the CP asymmetries of the B{sup 0{yields}}K{sup +{pi}-} and B{sup +{yields}}K{sup +{pi}0} decays within the soft collinear effective theory. We find that in the standard model, such a big difference cannot be achieved. We classify then the requirements for the possible New Physics models, which can be responsible for the experimental results. As an example of a New Physics model we study minimal supersymmetric models, and find that the measured asymmetry can be obtained with nonminimal flavor violation.

  8. The effects of topping on yield and other agronomic characters in two varieties of Upland cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Gary Dee

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiBRARY A A M COLLESE Of TEXAS THE EFFECTS OF TOPPlNG ON YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN TM) VARIETIES OF UPLAND COTTON Gary Dse Bearden Suhmittsd to ths Graduate School of ths Agricultural and Mechanical Collage of Texas in Partial... fulfillment of the requirements for ths degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1957 Ma/or Subjects Plant Breeding THE EFFECTS OF TOPPING ON YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN TM3 VARIETIES OF UPLAND COTTON Gary Dee Beaten Approve4 as to style...

  9. Correlation of grain sorghum yield to nitrogen as measured by various soil test methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idris, Md

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CORRELATION OF GRAIN SORGHUM YIELD TO NITROGI? AS MEASURED BY VARIOUS SOIL TEST METHODS A '1 hesis Md. Idris Submitted to the G- duate School of the Agricultural a. nd Mecl=. anical College of Texas in partial fulf! llment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER QF SCIENCE' Major Subject: Agronon Y CORREI. ATION OF GRAIN SORGHUM YIELD TO NITROGEN AS MEASURED BY VARIOUS SOIL TEST METHODS A Thesis By Md. Idris Approved as to tyle a. nd content by: Cha irma n of comm i tee )-), ', Head...

  10. Optimizing energy yields in black locust through genetic selection: final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongarten, B.C.; Merkle, S.A. [Georgia Univ., Athens, GA (United States). School of Forest Resources

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work was to assess the magnitude of improvement in biomass yield of black locust possible through breeding, and to determine methods for efficiently capturing the yield improvement achievable from selective breeding. To meet this overall objective, six tasks were undertaken to determine: (1) the amount and geographic pattern of natural genetic variation, (2) the mating system of the species, (3) quantitative genetic parameters of relevant traits, (4) the relationship between nitrogen fixation and growth in black locust, (5) the viability of mass vegetative propagation, and (6) the feasibility of improvement through genetic transformation.

  11. The effects of topping on yield and other agronomic characters in two varieties of Upland cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Gary Dee

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiBRARY A A M COLLESE Of TEXAS THE EFFECTS OF TOPPlNG ON YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN TM) VARIETIES OF UPLAND COTTON Gary Dse Bearden Suhmittsd to ths Graduate School of ths Agricultural and Mechanical Collage of Texas in Partial... fulfillment of the requirements for ths degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1957 Ma/or Subjects Plant Breeding THE EFFECTS OF TOPPING ON YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN TM3 VARIETIES OF UPLAND COTTON Gary Dee Beaten Approve4 as to style...

  12. Solution of the Retiring Search Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Philip M., 1903-

    The well-known variational principle of the optimal distribution of search effort is applied to the case where the sought-for target has been located momentarily but the search cannot begin until a time T o later, during ...

  13. A Dynamic Model of Retirement in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKee, Douglas

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pension Plan in Indonesia: Hitotsubashi Journal of Economicsin Living Arrangements in Indonesia, Singapore, and Taiwan,L. Karoly, “The 1993 Indonesia Family Life Survey: Overview

  14. (Revised March 2010) Deputy Director, ORNL (retired)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific National Laboratory's Thirteen Nuclear Reactors August 2009 Prepared by Murray W. Rosenthal #12;DOCUMENT

  15. Sustainable Eco-Systems under Land Retirement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallender, Wesley W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water content [-], ? r - residual water content [-], ? , n -water content (? s ) and residual water content (? r ) wereparameters: ? r (residual soil water content), ? s (

  16. Retirement Security in an Aging Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poterba, James M.

    Elderly individuals exhibit wide disparities in their sources of income. For those in the bottom half of the income distribution, Social Security is the most important source of support; program changes would directly ...

  17. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY RETIRED EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to charge a fee (~$125) for this. Arnie said Eric suggested other talks on issues pertaining to an energy person ­ a vote was taken to keep the wine and hors d'ouevres on the menu. The by-laws were discussed

  18. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY RETIRED EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for an update on the Energy and Environment Study Group. Myron indicated that there is much interest a discrepancy as to unlimited beer. The contract stated unlimited wine. A correction will appear in the Bulletin suggested items: long term care, teleconferencing for our monthly meetings, Energy and Environment Study

  19. Concrete Budget : an intuitive retirement planning tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Julián A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In times where Roth IRA's are condoned by the government, Social Security is failing, and the US economy is considered by some to be in a recession, there is no doubt that Americans need help with their finances and budgeting ...

  20. NREL: News - NREL Director Announces His Retirement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency Visit |Infrastructure TheSolar1855 m,NREL: National

  1. Computer System Retirement Guidelines | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesville EnergyDepartment.Attachment FY2011-40(10 CFR Parts 1021

  2. Retirement Plan | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,Enriched UraniumPhysical SecurityResponding to Emergencies

  3. WIPP Mine Rescue Team Wins, Retires Trophy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1

  4. Franklin was Retired on April 30, 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy Forrestal GarageD.ChargeFranklin to be

  5. EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF YIELDING AND STRAIN LOCALIZATION OF MODERATELY OVERCONSOLIDATED KAOLIN CLAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prashant, Amit

    CLAY Amit Prashant1 (Member, ASCE) and Dayakar Penumadu2 (Member, ASCE) ABSTRACT Elasto-plasticity theory has been commonly used to model the mechanical behavior of clays. Yielding and normalized failure materials. For isotropically overconsolidated clays, the stress state will be inside the elastic zone

  6. Experimental Analysis of Yielding and Strain Localization of Moderately Overconsolidated Kaolin Clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prashant, Amit

    Clay Amit Prashant and Dayakar Penumadu 17th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, June 2004. Abstract Elasto-plasticity theory has been commonly used to model the mechanical behavior of clays. Yielding for frictional materials. For isotropically overconsolidated clays, the stress state will be inside the elastic

  7. Development of Yield and Tensile Strength Design Curves for Alloy 617

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nancy Lybeck; T. -L. Sham

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy Very High Temperature Reactor Program is acquiring data in preparation for developing an Alloy 617 Code Case for inclusion in the nuclear section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) Code. A draft code case was previously developed, but effort was suspended before acceptance by ASME. As part of the draft code case effort, a database was compiled of yield and tensile strength data from tests performed in air. Yield strength and tensile strength at temperature are used to set time independent allowable stress for construction materials in B&PV Code, Section III, Subsection NH. The yield and tensile strength data used for the draft code case has been augmented with additional data generated by Idaho National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the U.S. and CEA in France. The standard ASME Section II procedure for generating yield and tensile strength at temperature is presented, along with alternate methods that accommodate the change in temperature trends seen at high temperatures, resulting in a more consistent design margin over the temperature range of interest.

  8. Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Evan

    Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb, sinkholes and other drainage features control the temporal and spatial pattern of sediment storage across storage function of sinkholes and caves has not been investigated using a sediment budget approach

  9. Sugar yields from dilute sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide pretreatments and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis of switchgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Sugar yields from dilute sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide pretreatments and subsequent enzymatic Dilute sulfuric acid Sulfur dioxide Biofuels Switchgrass a b s t r a c t Dacotah switchgrass was pretreated with sulfuric acid concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 wt.% at 140, 160, and 180 °C and with 1

  10. A Dynamic Inventory Control Policy Under Demand, Yield and Lead Time Uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Dynamic Inventory Control Policy Under Demand, Yield and Lead Time Uncertainties Mohamed Zied@lgi.ecp.fr, dallery@lgi.ecp.fr) ABSTRACT In this paper, we analyze a single-stage and single-item inventory control it. Keywords: inventory control, forecasts, cycle service level, fill rate, safety stock, policy

  11. Yield stresses in electrorheological fluids R. T. Bonnecazea) and J. F. Brady

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    previously for the dynamic simulation of an ER fluid. The static yield stress is determined from nonlinear;Gast & Zukoski, 1989; Klingenberg, 1990) and dynamic simulations (Klingenberg, 1990; Bonnecaze & Brady, dominates the rheology of the ER fluid at large electric field strengths. At the sametime the electrostatic

  12. Relationship of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function to tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide yield of cigarettes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krzyzanowski, M.; Sherrill, D.L.; Paoletti, P.; Lebowitz, M.D. (National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw (Poland))

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data from consecutive surveys of the Tucson Epidemiologic Study (1981-1988) were used to evaluate the relationship in cigarette smokers of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function to tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide (CO) yields of the cigarette. There were 690 subjects who reported smoking regularly in at least one survey, over age 15. After adjustment for intensity and duration of smoking and for depth of inhalation, the risk of chronic phlegm, cough, and dyspnea were not related to the tar and nicotine yields. In 414 subjects with pulmonary function tested in at least one of the three surveys the spirometric indices used were significantly related to the daily dose of tar, nicotine, and CO (product of the cigarette yield and daily number of cigarettes smoked). The effects were more pronounced for past than for current doses. However, the differentiation of pulmonary function due to various yields of cigarettes was small in comparison to the difference in pulmonary function between smokers and nonsmokers.

  13. Yield learning with line width, sample size and bridge resistance variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Wajid

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    observed the effects of certain noise sources such as line width variation, sample size and bridge resistance on yield learning, and determined how to account for them. In this research we will show that since line width variation is not random on a few...

  14. A differentiable dynamic network loading model that yields queue length distributions and accounts for spillback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    A differentiable dynamic network loading model that yields queue length distributions and accounts, this is so because the kinematic wave model (KWM), the mainstay of traffic flow theory, only applies for spillback Carolina Osorio Gunnar Fl¨otter¨od Michel Bierlaire Abstract We derive a dynamic network

  15. Use of non-quadratic yield surfaces in design of optimal deep-draw blank geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logan, R.W.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planar anisotropy in the deep-drawing of sheet can lead to the formation of ears in cylindrical cups and to undesirable metal flow in the blankholder in the general case. For design analysis purposes in non-linear finite-element codes, this anisotropy is characterized by the use of an appropriate yield surface which is then implemented into codes such as DYNA3D . The quadratic Hill yield surface offers a relatively straightforward implementation and can be formulated to be invariant to the coordinate system. Non-quadratic yield surfaces can provide more realistic strength or strain increment ratios, but they may not provide invariance and thus demand certain approximations. Forms due to Hosford and Badat et al. have been shown to more accurately address the earning phenomenon. in this work, use is made of these non-quadratic yield surfaces in order to determine the optimal blank shape for cups and other shapes using ferrous and other metal blank materials with planar anisotropy. The analyses are compared to previous experimental studies on non-uniform blank motion due to anisotropy and asymmetric geometry.

  16. RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES Jwo PAN Stress; in recked form 29 Norember 1982) &tract-When crystalline slip is considered as the micromechanism of plastic sensitivity of plastic flow may be central to understanding the ambiguous conclusions from experimental

  17. Surface studies and implanted helium measurements following NOVA high-yield DT experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoyer, M.A.; Hudson, G.B.

    1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of three March 6, 1996 direct-drive high-yield DT NOVA experiments and provides `proof-of-principal` results for the quantitative measurement of energetic He ions. Semiconductor quality Si wafers and an amorphous carbon wafer were exposed to NOVA high-yield implosions. Surface damage was sub-micron in general, although the surface ablation was slightly greater for the carbon wafer than for the Si wafers. Melting of a thin ({approx} 0.1{mu}) layer of Si was evident from microscopic investigation. Electron microscopy indicated melted blobs of many different metals (e.g. Al, Au, Ta, Fe alloys, Cu and even Cd) on the surfaces. The yield measured by determining the numbers of atoms of implanted {sup 4}He and {sup 3}He indicate the number of DT fusions to be 9.1({plus_minus}2.3) X 10{sup 12} and DD fusions to be 4.8({plus_minus}1.0) x 10{sup 10}, respectively. The helium DT fusion yield is slightly lower than that of the Cu activation measurement, which was 1.3({plus_minus}0.l) x 10{sup 13} DT fusions.

  18. Evaluation of nanoparticle-immobilized cellulase for improved ethanol yield in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lupoi, Jason; Smith, Emily

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethanol yields were 2.1 (P = 0.06) to 2.3 (P = 0.01) times higher in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) reactions of microcrystalline cellulose when cellulase was physisorbed on silica nanoparticles compared to enzyme in solution. In SSF reactions, cellulose is hydrolyzed to glucose by cellulase while yeast simultaneously ferments glucose to ethanol. The 35 C temperature and the presence of ethanol in SSF reactions are not optimal conditions for cellulase. Immobilization onto solid supports can stabilize the enzyme and promote activity at non-optimum reaction conditions. Mock SSF reactions that did not contain yeast were used to measure saccharification products and identify the mechanism for the improved ethanol yield using immobilized cellulase. Cellulase adsorbed to 40 nm silica nanoparticles produced 1.6 times (P = 0.01) more glucose than cellulase in solution in 96 h at pH 4.8 and 35 C. There was no significant accumulation (<250 {mu}g) of soluble cellooligomers in either the solution or immobilized enzyme reactions. This suggests that the mechanism for the immobilized enzyme's improved glucose yield compared to solution enzyme is the increased conversion of insoluble cellulose hydrolysis products to soluble cellooligomers at 35 C and in the presence of ethanol. The results show that silica-immobilized cellulase can be used to produce increased ethanol yields in the conversion of lignocellulosic materials by SSF.

  19. Improved Criteria for Acceptable Yield Point Elongation in Surface Critical Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. David Matlock; Dr. John Speer

    2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Yield point elongation (YPE) is considered undesirable in surface critical applications where steel is formed since "strain lines" or Luders bands are created during forming. This project will examine in detail the formation of luders bands in industrially relevant strain states including the influence of substrate properties and coatings on Luders appearance. Mechanical testing and surface profilometry were the primary methods of investigation.

  20. Planting density effects on lint yield and quality of three stacked gene cotton cultivars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halfmann, Shane William

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    was a spit-plot design with four replications of three cultivars (SG 215 BG/RR, DP 555 BG/RR, ST 4892 BG/RR) in densities ranging from 74 to 222 thousand plants hectare-1. Plant density had no significant effect on lint yield in 2003 or 2004. However...

  1. Investigation of a xenia effect for yield caused by the waxy gene in grain sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlman, Leslie Charles

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GenotypexTesterxLocation (g-1)(t-1)(l-1) MS GTL ? 2 e + r? 2 gtl Error (r-1)(gtl-1) MS e ? 2 e Total rgtl-1 22 Results and Discussion Analysis by Environments Halfway, Texas 2003 Analysis of variance for grain yield shows significant...

  2. Vegetation and wildfire controls on sediment yield in bedrock Roman A. DiBiase1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , tectonics, and wildfire. Predicting landscape response to these pertur- bations demands a quantitative scale, our measurements match records of postfire sediment yield from nearby retention basins. Contrary-term landscape evolution, and increasing fire frequency in response to climate change may not result

  3. Effects of soil areation on trunk growth, yield and nut quality of pecan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Dan Lynn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of three soil aerators on trunk growth, yield, nut size, and percent kernel of pecan were studied at Frio, Medina, and San Saba Counties in Texas in 1993 and 1994. A complete randomized block design was used in each location to compare...

  4. Stability yields a PTAS for k-Median and k-Means Clustering Pranjal Awasthi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Avrim

    Stability yields a PTAS for k-Median and k-Means Clustering Pranjal Awasthi Carnegie Mellon and k-means clustering in Euclidean spaces, in the setting where k is part of the input (not a constant). For the k-means problem, Ostrovsky et al. [18] show that if the optimal (k-1)-means clustering of the input

  5. Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    , University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa *S Supporting Information and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting significantly increased maize yields by 12% and transpiration by 2% on average across South Africa. In situ

  6. Bauschinger effect and multiaxial yield behavior of stress-reversed mild steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Z.; Maekawa, Syuji; Takeda, Takenobu

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin-walled cylindrical specimens subjected to torsional prestraining are stress-reversed along the Bauschinger curve. The Bauschinger effect (BE), yield behavior, and flow behavior of the stress-reversed mild steel were examined by using combined loadings of axial load, internal pressure, and torsion. The results indicate that the stress-reversed steel has the same yield stress as 0.2% offset strain in reloading tests of forward and reverse torsion, when the reverse strain is {bar {epsilon}}{sub 1}{sup p} = 0.77%. Furthermore, it is possible to cause the yield stresses in forward and reverse torsion to coincide in any offset strain. The yield locus of the stress-reversed steel is symmetric with respect to the tensile stress axis in a tension-torsion stress field. However, it has been found to be an anisotropy in the stress-reversed steel, and the magnitude of anisotropy is related to the offset strain. For example, there is a stronger anisotropy at 0.2% offset strain than at 2% offset strain, even though the BE is eliminated for the former. It is shown that the reduction in the BE by stress reversal is concerned with the relief o the long-range back-stress generated by prestraining. Besides, the roles of aging in the stress-aging process lie in the contributions to age hardening and development of directional back-stress.

  7. Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajos National Forest, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajo´s National Forest, Brazil PaulJN, Scotland b Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazo^nia (IMAZON), CEP 66060-160 Bele´m, Brazil c Projeto Dendrogene, EMBRAPA, CEP 66095-100 Bele´m, Brazil Received 23 November 2005; received

  8. Solvothermal-Assisted Exfoliation Process to Produce Graphene with High Yield and High Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    Solvothermal-Assisted Exfoliation Process to Produce Graphene with High Yield and High Quality Wen produced by a solvothermal-assisted exfoliation process in a highly polar organic solvent, acetonitrile interactions between graphene and acetonitrile facilitate the exfoliation and dispersion of graphene

  9. CHANGES IN QUANTUM YIELD OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE RED ALGA Porphyridium cruentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    CHANGES IN QUANTUM YIELD OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE RED ALGA Porphyridium cruentum CAUSED BY STEPWISE From the Photosynthesis Research Laboratory, Botany Department, University of Illinois, Urbana. Dr of photosynthesis in the red alga Porphyridium cruentum, and the spectral compo- sition of light, changed

  10. A comprehensive constitutive law for waxy crude oil: A thixotropic yield stress fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A comprehensive constitutive law for waxy crude oil: A thixotropic yield stress fluid Christopher J features of waxy crude oils. We first develop a series of model crude oils, which are characterized the model crude oil under conditions of imposed steady shearing. These instabilities are a result

  11. Rheo-PIV Analysis of the Yielding and Flow of Model Waxy Crude Oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheo-PIV Analysis of the Yielding and Flow of Model Waxy Crude Oils Christopher J. Dimitriou@mit.edu Abstract Waxes are a commonly encountered precipitate that can result in gelation of crude oils behavior similar to waxy crude oils encountered in production scenarios. To study the consequences

  12. Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    ARTICLE Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations Using propane monooxygenase prepared by directed evolu- tion [P450PMOR2; Fasan et al. (2007); Angew Chem Int Ed of the energy source (glucose) in the propane biotransformation com- pared to the native E. coli strain. Using

  13. Yield Asymmetry Design of Magnesium Alloys by Integrated Computational Materials Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Dongsheng; Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt A.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Ahzi, Said

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deformation asymmetry of magnesium alloys is an important factor on machine design in automobile industry. Represented by the ratio of compressive yield stress (CYS) against tensile yield stress (TYS), deformation asymmetry is strongly related to microstructure, characterized by texture and grain size. Modified intermediate phi-model, a polycrystalline viscoplasticity model, is used to predict the deformation behavior of magnesium alloys with different grain sizes. Validated with experimental results, integrated computational materials engineering is applied to find out the route in achieving desired asymmetry by thermomechanical processing. In some texture, for example, rolled texture, CYS/TYS is smaller than 1 under different loading directions. In some texture, for example, extruded texture, asymmetry is large along normal direction. Starting from rolled texture, the asymmetry will increased to close to 1 along rolling direction after compressed to a strain of 0.2. Our model shows that grain refinement increases CYS/TYS. Besides texture control, grain refinement can also optimize the yield asymmetry. After the grain size decreased to a critical value, CYS/TYS reaches to 1 since CYS increases much faster than TYS. By tailoring the microstructure using texture control and grain refinement, it is achievable to optimize yield asymmetry in wrought magnesium alloys.

  14. Method and apparatus for increasing the durability and yield of thin film photovoltaic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, James E. (Newark, DE); Lasswell, Patrick G. (Newark, DE)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin film photovoltaic cells having a pair of semiconductor layers between an opaque and a transparent electrical contact are manufactured in a method which includes the step of scanning one of the semiconductor layers to determine the location of any possible shorting defect. Upon the detection of such defect, the defect is eliminated to increase the durability and yield of the photovoltaic device.

  15. The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Bioenergy Sorghum Yield and Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilahi-Sebess, Szilvia

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is one of the prospective crops that may be used to produce biofuels in the future. Therefore, it is of interest to find management practices that improve both the production of biomass yield and quality...

  16. Hierarchical Silica Nanostructures Inspired by Diatom Algae Yield Superior Deformability, Toughness, and Strength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehler, Markus J.

    Hierarchical Silica Nanostructures Inspired by Diatom Algae Yield Superior Deformability, Toughness algae that is mainly composed of amorphous silica, which features a hierarchical structure that ranges in diatom algae as a basis to study a bioinspired nanoporous material implemented in crystalline silica. We

  17. Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of different levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of different levels and natures of energy of propionic acid. However, pro- pionic infusion did not always lead to an increase in protein content (Hurtaud explain this effect. A rumen infusion of propionic acid (13.41 mol/d) was compared with water as a nega

  18. Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of volatile fatty acids and caseinate into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effects on milk yield and composition of infusions of volatile fatty acids and caseinate isoenergetic infusions of either a low (17 mol/day of 64% acetic, 21% propionic and 15% butyric acids) or high that with infusions, energy and nitrogen needs were met and consisted of 60% maize silage, 10% hay, 21.5% energy

  19. Characterization of G×E Interactions on Yield and Quality of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Sat Pal

    2014-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    and ‘Da Vinci’ (reticulatus type) the reduction in yield was 24% and 30%, respectively in 2012. No adverse impact of DI was observed on fruit quality. Further, DI enhanced root length intensity (L_(a); cm?cm^(-2)) in cv. Mission, maintained it in cv. Da...

  20. Exploiting Historical Data and Diverse Germplasm to Increase Maize Grain Yield in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrero Farfan, Ivan D.

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    ..................................................................................................................... 7 Drought stress and lipid peroxidation ........................................................................ 8 Production of ROS species during drought stress and scavenging mechanisms ....... 9 Role of lipoxygenases in drought stress... for the top five hybrids per year tested in the Texas AgriLife Corn Performance trials from 2000 to 2010 .......................... 44 3.7. Genotypic BLUPs for grain yield for all the hybrids tested in the High Plains...

  1. Maximal Sum of Metabolic Exchange Fluxes Outperforms Biomass Yield as a Predictor of Growth Rate of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruppin, Eytan

    to CO2. CO2, the main product of cellular catabolism, was necessarily released from the cell in nearly.g., predictions of biomass yield using GEnome- scale metabolic Models (GEMs)] or notably require many empirical) in a genome-scale metabolic model. SUMEX successfully predicts relative microbial growth rates across species

  2. Yield criteria for quasibrittle and frictional materials Davide Bigoni *, Andrea Piccolroaz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piccolroaz, Andrea

    to soil, concrete, rock, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers denomination for soil, concrete, rock, granular media, coal, cast iron, ice, porous metals, metallic foams. Keywords: Yield criteria; Elastic­plastic material; Concrete; Foam material; Geological material; Granular

  3. Optimization of Yield in Magnetic Cell Separations Using Nickel Nanowires of Different Lengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Christopher S.

    Optimization of Yield in Magnetic Cell Separations Using Nickel Nanowires of Different Lengths Anne in this area is electrodeposited nanowires (8). These nanowires have several properties that make them- lectively electrodeposited along the growth axis (9). Unlike the beads, which are composed of magnetic

  4. Quantum Yield Measurement in a Multicolor Chromophore Solution Using a Nanocavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    the coupling of its dipole transition to the electromagnetic field, thus leading to a modification of determining fluorescence quantum yields in complex systems and can be used for a big variety of fluorescence, the QY can be determined by monitoring the modification of the fluorescence lifetime of a chromophore

  5. 2009 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2009 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig Crop and Soil Sciences The bean breeding program was relocated to a new 250 acre research farm, Saginaw Valley Research in small and medium-sized market classes, the Cooperative Dry Bean, and the Midwest Regional Performance

  6. 2010 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2010 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig Crop and Soil Sciences The bean breeding program initiated its second season on the new 250 acre research farm, Saginaw of the BeanCAP project. Plots in Frankenmuth suffered from severe drought (3.35 inches rain fromplanting

  7. 2011 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    39 2011 DRY BEAN YIELD TRIALS J.D. Kelly, E. Wright, N. Blakely, and J. Heilig Crop and Soil Sciences The bean breeding program initiated its third season on the new 320 acre research farm, Saginaw; 48-entry prelim red/pink test; 30-entry prelim FM test; 32-entry USDA red/pink test; 300-entry Bean

  8. Transient Shear Banding in a Simple Yield Stress Fluid Thibaut Divoux,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    region with a vanishing local shear rate loc = 0 and a fluidized region sheared at loc = c. Besides, var that somewhat blur the above distinction. First, non-thixotropic nonad- hesive emulsions, for which magnetic resonance velocime- try coupled to wide-gap rheology shows simple yielding behavior [12], were found

  9. Arrested Chain Growth During Magnetic Directed Particle Assembly in Yield Stress Matrix Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Patrick S.

    . Using particle- level simulations with a simple yield stress model, we find that chain growth follows.17 For example, Feng and Joseph demonstrated that spherical particles dispersed in viscoelastic Boger stress matrix fluids to prevent sedimentation in MR suspensions has motivated questions about the effects

  10. Improved Yield and Diverse Finished Bacterial Genomes using Pacific Biosciences RS II SMRT Sequencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Improved Yield and Diverse Finished Bacterial Genomes using Pacific Biosciences RS II SMRT-Cruz, Alvaro Godinez, Luke J. Tallon Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, effective, and highly accurate platform for generation of complete microbial genome sequences. As early

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting the growth and yield of Pinus radiata in Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting the growth and yield of Pinus radiata in Bolivia Gustavo Guzmán & Timo is the most widely planted conifer in the Inter-Andean Valleys of Bolivia. However, Bolivia lacks knowledge Prefectural, Cochabamba, Bolivia T. Pukkala :S. de-Miguel Faculty of Science and Forestry, University

  12. Assessment of fission product yields data needs in nuclear reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kern, K.; Becker, M.; Broeders, C. [Institut fuer Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik, KIT Campus Nord, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies on the build-up of fission products in fast reactors have been performed, with particular emphasis on the effects related to the physics of the nuclear fission process. Fission product yields, which are required for burn-up calculations, depend on the proton and neutron number of the target nucleus as well as on the incident neutron energy. Evaluated nuclear data on fission product yields are available for all relevant target nuclides in reactor applications. However, the description of their energy dependence in evaluated data is still rather rudimentary, which is due to the lack of experimental fast fission data and reliable physical models. Additionally, physics studies of evaluated JEFF-3.1.1 fission yields data have shown potential improvements, especially for various fast fission data sets of this evaluation. In recent years, important progress in the understanding of the fission process has been made, and advanced model codes are currently being developed. This paper deals with the semi-empirical approach to the description of the fission process, which is used in the GEF code being developed by K.-H. Schmidt and B. Jurado on behalf of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, and with results from the corresponding author's diploma thesis. An extended version of the GEF code, supporting the calculation of spectrum weighted fission product yields, has been developed. It has been applied to the calculation of fission product yields in the fission rate spectra of a MOX fuelled sodium-cooled fast reactor. Important results are compared to JEFF-3.1.1 data and discussed in this paper. (authors)

  13. {Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525); f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525){yields}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0} decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Besson, D.; Hogan, D. P. [University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States); Pedlar, T. K. [Luther College, Decorah, Iowa 52101 (United States); Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Hietala, J.; Zweber, P. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Dobbs, S.; Metreveli, Z.; Seth, K. K.; Tomaradze, A.; Xiao, T. [Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Brisbane, S.; Martin, L.; Powell, A.; Spradlin, P.; Wilkinson, G. [University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Mendez, H. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a study of exclusive radiative decays of the {Upsilon}(1S) resonance into a final state consisting of a photon and two K{sub S}{sup 0} candidates. We find evidence for a signal for {Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525); f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525){yields}{gamma}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}, at a rate B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525))=(4.0{+-}1.3{+-}0.6)x10{sup -5}, consistent with previous observations of {Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525); f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525){yields}K{sup +}K{sup -}, and isospin. Combining this branching fraction with existing branching fraction measurements of {Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525) and J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525), we obtain the ratio of branching fractions: B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525))/B(J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525))=0.09{+-}0.02, approximately consistent with expectations based on soft-collinear effective theory.

  14. Table 1 -ESTIMATED REDUCTION IN 1985 COTTON YIELDS RESULTING FROM INSECTDAMAGE TOTAL YIELD 13,622 bales INSECTS Loss in AL AZ AR CA FL GA LA MS MO NM NC OK SC TN TX VA No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, David

    Average cost for all states nTotal yield for all states o Total acres for all states *Does not include BWE cost

  15. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008, yielding a cumulative installed capacity of small windTexas in cumulative installed capacity are Iowa, California,Owner Type Cumulative Installed Capacity (GW) IOU: 1,057 MW

  16. Advanced Detector Research - Fabrication and Testing of 3D Active-Edge Silicon Sensors: High Speed, High Yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Sherwood I

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of 3D silicon radiation sensors employing electrodes fabricated perpendicular to the sensor surfaces to improve fabrication yields and increasing pulse speeds.

  17. Biomass yields for small trees, shrubs, and herbs in northern lake states forests. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass yield information by forest type is presented for lesser vegetation in northern Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota based on data from recent field inventories.

  18. Improving Biomass Yields: High Biomass, Low Input Dedicated Energy Crops to Enable a Full Scale Bioenergy Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Ceres is developing bigger and better grasses for use in biofuels. The bigger the grass yield, the more biomass, and more biomass means more biofuel per acre. Using biotechnology, Ceres is developing grasses that will grow bigger with less fertilizer than current grass varieties. Hardier, higher-yielding grass also requires less land to grow and can be planted in areas where other crops can’t grow instead of in prime agricultural land. Ceres is conducting multi-year trials in Arizona, Texas, Tennessee, and Georgia which have already resulted in grass yields with as much as 50% more biomass than yields from current grass varieties.

  19. Study of the B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decay and measurement of the B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -} branching fraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Gaillard, J.-M.; Hicheur, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Particules, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Palano, A.; Pompili, A. [Universita di Bari, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039 (China); Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. [University of Bergen, Inst. of Physics, N-5007 Bergen (Norway)] [and others

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the decay B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} using 117x10{sup 6} BB events collected at the Y(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric-energy storage ring. We measure the branching fractions B (B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(116{+-}7(stat.){+-}9(syst.))x10{sup -5} and B (B{sup -}{yields}X(3872)K{sup -})x B (X(3872){yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})=(1.28{+-}0.41)x10{sup -5} and find the mass of the X(3872) to be 3873.4{+-}1.4 MeV/c{sup 2}. We search for the h{sub c} narrow state in the decay B{sup -}{yields}h{sub c}K{sup -}, h{sub c}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and for the decay B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}D{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}, with D{sup 0}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. We set the 90% C.L. limits B(B{sup -}{yields}h{sub c}K{sup -})xB(h{sub c}{yields}J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})<3.4x10{sup -6} and B(B{sup -}{yields}J/{psi}D{sup 0}{pi}{sup -})<5.2x10{sup -5}.

  20. Why methyl tert-butyl ether production by reactive distillation may yield multiple solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauan, S.; Hertzberg, T.; Lien, K.M. [Univ. of Trondheim (Norway)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an explanation of why methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) production by reactive distillation may yield multiple solutions. Widely different composition profiles and conversions may, as already reported by Krishna and others, results with identical column specifications, depending on the initial estimates provided. A hypothesis yielding a qualitative understanding of this phenomenon has been developed. The inert n-butene plays a key role in the proposed explanation: As the reaction mixture is diluted with n-butene, the activity coefficient of methanol increases substantially and the temperature decreases. This dilution has a profound effect on the equilibrium conversion, enabling MTBE to escape from the reactive zone without decomposition. When methanol is fed below or in the lower part of the reactive zone of the column, the ``lifting capacity`` of the minimum boiling point MTBE-methanol azeotrope will also be important.