National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for yellow grease primarily

  1. Bean Commercial Grease | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Bean Commercial Grease Place: Belgrade, Maine Product: Biodiesel producer from recycled coocking oil, located in Belgrade, Maine. References: Bean...

  2. Other: Nanoscale Machines: These Squeaky Wheels Will Get No Grease...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nanoscale Machines: These Squeaky Wheels Will Get No Grease Citation Details Title: Nanoscale Machines: These Squeaky Wheels Will Get No Grease...

  3. Lubrication from mixture of boric acid with oils and greases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erdemir, A.

    1995-07-11

    Lubricating compositions are disclosed including crystalline boric acid and a base lubricant selected from oils, greases and the like. The lubricity of conventional oils and greases can also be improved by adding concentrates of boric acid.

  4. Lubrication from mixture of boric acid with oils and greases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erdemir, Ali

    1995-01-01

    Lubricating compositions including crystalline boric acid and a base lubricant selected from oils, greases and the like. The lubricity of conventional oils and greases can also be improved by adding concentrates of boric acid.

  5. Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    San Francisco Public Utilities Commission; URS Corporation; Biofuels, Blackgold; Carollo Engineers

    2013-01-30

    Municipal wastewater treatment facilities have typically been limited to the role of accepting wastewater, treating it to required levels, and disposing of its treatment residuals. However, a new view is emerging which includes wastewater treatment facilities as regional resource recovery centers. This view is a direct result of increasingly stringent regulations, concerns over energy use, carbon footprint, and worldwide depletion of fossil fuel resources. Resources in wastewater include chemical and thermal energy, as well as nutrients, and water. A waste stream such as residual grease, which concentrates in the drainage from restaurants (referred to as Trap Waste), is a good example of a resource with an energy content that can be recovered for beneficial reuse. If left in wastewater, grease accumulates inside of the wastewater collection system and can lead to increased corrosion and pipe blockages that can cause wastewater overflows. Also, grease in wastewater that arrives at the treatment facility can impair the operation of preliminary treatment equipment and is only partly removed in the primary treatment process. In addition, residual grease increases the demand in treatment materials such as oxygen in the secondary treatment process. When disposed of in landfills, grease is likely to undergo anaerobic decay prior to landfill capping, resulting in the atmospheric release of methane, a greenhouse gas (GHG). This research project was therefore conceptualized and implemented by the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) to test the feasibility of energy recovery from Trap Waste in the form of Biodiesel or Methane gas. The research goals are given below: • To validate technology performance; • To determine the costs and benefits [including economic, socioeconomic, and GHG emissions reduction] associated with co-locating this type of operation at a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP); • To develop a business case or model for replication of the program by other municipal agencies (as applicable). In order to accomplish the goals of the project, the following steps were performed: 1. Operation of a demonstration facility designed to receive 10,000 to 12,000 gallons of raw Trap Waste each day from private Trap Waste hauling companies. The demonstration facility was designed and built by Pacific Biodiesel Technologies (PBTech). The demonstration facility would also recover 300 gallons of Brown Grease per day from the raw Trap Waste. The recovered Brown Grease was expected to contain no more than 2% Moisture, Insolubles, and Unsaponifiables (MIU) combined. 2. Co-digestion of the side streams (generated during the recovery of 300 gallons of Brown Grease from the raw Trap Waste) with wastewater sludge in the WWTP’s anaerobic digesters. The effects of the side streams on anaerobic digestion were quantified by comparison with baseline data. 3. Production of 240 gallons per day of ASTM D6751-S15 grade Biodiesel fuel via a Biodiesel conversion demonstration facility, with the use of recovered Brown Grease as a feedstock. The demonstration facility was designed and built by Blackgold Biofuels (BGB). Side streams from this process were also co-digested with wastewater sludge. Bench-scale anaerobic digestion testing was conducted on side streams from both demonstration facilities to determine potential toxicity and/or changes in biogas production in the WWTP anaerobic digester. While there is a lot of theoretical data available on the lab-scale production of Biodiesel from grease Trap Waste, this full-scale demonstration project was one of the first of its kind in the United States. The project’s environmental impacts were expected to include: • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by prevention of the release of methane at landfills. Although the combustion product of Biodiesel and Methane gas produced in the Anaerobic digester, Carbon Dioxide, is also a greenhouse gas; it is 20 times weaker for the same amount (per mole) released, making its discharge preferable to that of Methane. • The use of Biodiesel in place of fossil-fuel derived Diesel was expected to reduce net Carbon Dioxide, Ash Particulate, Sulfate, Silicate, and Soot emissions, thereby improving air quality.

  6. EECBG Success Story: Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ken Cook Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel The new energy efficient IT Data Center in Savannah, Georgia. | Courtesy of the City of Savannah, GA. EECBG ...

  7. Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report (Technical Report) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Technical Report: Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report Municipal wastewater treatment facilities have typically been limited to the role of accepting wastewater, treating it to required levels, and disposing of its treatment residuals. However, a new view is emerging which includes wastewater treatment facilities as regional

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Delicious Rank

  9. Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A community of 51,000 located just northwest of Atlanta, Smyrna will soon begin producing biodiesel made primarily from used cooking oil in order to cut fuel costs and reduce fossil fuel consumption.

  10. Lubricants and greases: Properties and evaluation. (Latest citations from Fluidex). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-02-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning a variety of lubricants, including synthetic oils and greases. Topics include properties characterization, additives, rheological studies, and uses. Bearing and gear lubricants are discussed, and lubricant testing methods are described. Some attention is given to specific applications in industry. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  11. Lubricants and greases: Properties and evaluation. (Latest citations from FLUIDEX data base). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning a variety of lubricants, including synthetic oils and greases. Topics include properties characterization, additives, rheological studies, and uses. Bearing and sea lubricants are discussed, and lubricant testing methods are described. Some attention is given to specific applications in industry. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  12. Semi-continuous anaerobic co-digestion of thickened waste activated sludge and fat, oil and grease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan Caixia; Zhou Quancheng; Fu Guiming

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: > Co-digestion of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) with fat, oil and grease (FOG). > Co-digestion of TWAS and FOG at 64% VS increased biogas production by 137%. > FOG addition ratio at 74% of total VS caused inhibition of the anaerobic digestion process. > Micronutrients addition did not significantly improve the biogas production and digestion stabilization. - Abstract: Co-digestion of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) and fat, oil and grease (FOG) was conducted semi-continuously under mesophilic conditions. The results showed that daily methane yield at the steady state was 598 L/kg VS{sub added} when TWAS and FOG (64% of total VS) were co-digested, which was 137% higher than that obtained from digestion of TWAS alone. The biogas composition was stabilized at a CH{sub 4} and CO{sub 2} content of 66.8% and 29.5%, respectively. Micronutrients added to co-digestion did not improve the biogas production and digestion stabilization. With a higher addition of FOG (74% of total VS), the digester initially failed but was slowly self-recovered; however, the methane yield was only about 50% of a healthy reactor with the same organic loading rate.

  13. Huanghe Hydropower Development Co Ltd Yellow River Group | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Huanghe Hydropower Development Co Ltd Yellow River Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Huanghe Hydropower Development Co Ltd (Yellow River Group) Place: Xining, Qinghai...

  14. Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Focused on Accommodating or Avoiding Glycans (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily Focused on Accommodating or Avoiding Glycans Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily Focused on Accommodating or Avoiding Glycans Authors: Garces, Fernando ; Lee, Jeong Hyun ; de Val, Natalia ; Torrents de la Pena, Alba ; Kong, Leopold ; Puchades, Cristina ; Hua, Yuanzi ;

  15. Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Focused on Accommodating or Avoiding Glycans (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect This content will become publicly available on December 16, 2016 Title: Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily Focused on Accommodating or Avoiding Glycans Authors: Garces, Fernando ; Lee, Jeong Hyun ; de Val, Natalia ; Torrents de la Pena, Alba ; Kong, Leopold ; Puchades, Cristina ; Hua, Yuanzi ; Stanfield, Robyn L. ; Burton, Dennis R. ; Moore, John P. ; Sanders, Rogier W. ; Ward,

  16. Yellow River Water and Hydropower Development Corp | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Henan Province, China Zip: 450003 Sector: Hydro Product: Responsible for developing hydroelectric projects over the Yellow River. Coordinates: 34.762501, 113.653023 Show Map...

  17. Inner Mongolia Yellow River Sanshenggong Hydropower Co Ltd |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sanshenggong Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Yellow River Sanshenggong Hydropower Co. Ltd Place: Dengkou County, Inner Mongolia Autonomous...

  18. 2009 Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association (VPPPA) Presentation: Follow The Yellow Brick Road to Safety

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2009 Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association (VPPPA) Presentation: Follow The Yellow Brick Road to Safety

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Columbus, Ohio Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in

  20. EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report This EVMS Training Snippet, sponsored by the Office of Project...

  1. EFRC Yellow Team Director's Conference Call | Solid State Solar Thermal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Conversion Yellow Team Director's Conference Call Seminar Thursday Mar 10, 2016 2:00pm Location: 3-258 Event Contact: juliette@mit.edu Our team of EFRC directors will have a conference call to discuss research results. Ognjen Ilic will present for S3TEC on the research on thermal emission light recycling.

  2. SS 383: A NEW S-TYPE YELLOW SYMBIOTIC STAR?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baella, N. O.; Pereira, C. B.; Miranda, L. F.

    2013-11-01

    Symbiotic stars are key objects in understanding the formation and evolution of interacting binary systems, and are probably the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae. However, the number of known symbiotic stars is much lower than predicted. We aim to search for new symbiotic stars, with particular emphasis on the S-type yellow symbiotic stars, in order to determine their total population, evolutionary timescales, and physical properties. The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) (J H) versus (H K {sub s}) color-color diagram has been previously used to identify new symbiotic star candidates and show that yellow symbiotics are located in a particular region of that diagram. Candidate symbiotic stars are selected on the basis of their locus in the 2MASS (J H) versus (H K {sub s}) diagram and the presence of H? line emission in the Stephenson and Sanduleak H? survey. This diagram separates S-type yellow symbiotic stars from the rest of the S-type symbiotic stars, allowing us to select candidate yellow symbiotics. To establish the true nature of the candidates, intermediate-resolution spectroscopy is obtained. We have identified the H? emission line source SS 383 as an S-type yellow symbiotic candidate by its position in the 2MASS color-color diagram. The optical spectrum of SS 383 shows Balmer, He I, He II, and [O III] emission lines, in combination with TiO absorption bands that confirm its symbiotic nature. The derived electron density (?10{sup 8-9} cm{sup 3}), He I emission line intensity ratios, and position in the [O III] ?5007/H? versus [O III] ?4363/H? diagram indicate that SS 383 is an S-type symbiotic star, with a probable spectral type of K7-M0 deduced for its cool component based on TiO indices. The spectral type and the position of SS 383 (corrected for reddening) in the 2MASS color-color diagram strongly suggest that SS 383 is an S-type yellow symbiotic. Our result points out that the 2MASS color-color diagram is a powerful tool in identifying new S-type yellow symbiotics.

  3. Geology of the lower Yellow Creek Area, Northwestern Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hail, W.J.

    1990-01-01

    The lower Yellow Creek area is located in Rio Blanco and Moffat Counties of northwestern Colorado, about midway between the towns of Rangely and Meeker. The study area is in the northwestern part of the Piceance Creek basin, a very deep structural and sedimentary basin that formed during the Laramide orogeny. Potentially important resources in the area are oil shale and related minerals, oil and gas, coal, and uranium. Topics discussed in the report include: Stratigraphy (Subsurface rocks, Cretaceous rocks, Tertiary rocks, and Quaternary deposits); Structure (Midland anticline, graben at Pinyon Ridge, and Crooked Wash syncline, Folds and faults in the vicinity of the White River, Red Wash syncline and central graben zone, Yellow Creek anticlinal nose); Economic geology (Oil shale and associated minerals, Coal, Oil and gas, Uranium, Gravel).

  4. Yellow affinity substance involved in the cellulolytic system of Clostridium thermocellum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ljungdahl, L.G.; Pettersson, B.; Eriksson, K.E.; Wiegel, J.

    1983-01-01

    Clostridium thermocellum produces a yellow substance when fermenting cellulose. This substance is attached to the cellulose particles. Cellulose with the yellow substance, obtained from cultures of C. thermocellum, binds effectively endo-1,4-..beta..-glucanase produced by the bacterium and was used in an affinity column for purification of the enzyme. At the beginning of fermentation of cellulose, most of the endoglucanase was bound to the yellow cellulose. As the fermentation proceeded, the enzyme appeared free in the culture fluid. The endoglucanase bound to the yellow cellulose could be extracted by distilled water from the cellulose, but not by solutions with 5 mM or higher concentrations of salts or buffers. It is proposed that the yellow substance is involved in the cellulolytic system of C. thermocellum. 30 references, 3 figures, 3 tables.

  5. EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy 7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report This EVMS Training Snippet, sponsored by the Office of Project Management (PM) is one in a series regarding PARS II Analysis reports. PARS II offers direct insight into EVM project data from the contractor's internal systems. The reports were developed with the users in mind, organized and presented in an easy to follow manner, with analysis results and key

  6. From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Heater Malfunction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mon, 05 Jan 1998 09:38:52 -0800 From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Heater Malfunction The attached Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Lessons Learned, Yellow/Caution, is an advisory about a recent incident involving new gas-fired unit heaters, and a resultant natural gas leak discovered during initial operations. If you have any questions or need further information, please contact Henry M. (Matt) Jones, PNNL, F&O Lessons Learned Coordinator, (509) 376-

  7. Yellow fluorescent protein phiYFPv (Phialidium): structure and structure-based mutagenesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletneva, Nadya V.; Pletnev, Vladimir Z., E-mail: vzpletnev@gmail.com; Souslova, Ekaterina; Chudakov, Dmitry M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lukyanov, Sergey [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Martynov, Vladimir I.; Arhipova, Svetlena; Artemyev, Igor [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Wlodawer, Alexander [National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702 (United States); Dauter, Zbigniew [National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Pletnev, Sergei [National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); SAIC-Frederick, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-06-01

    The yellow fluorescent protein phiYFPv with improved folding has been developed from the spectrally identical wild-type phiYFP found in the marine jellyfish Phialidium. The yellow fluorescent protein phiYFPv (?{sub em}{sup max} ? 537 nm) with improved folding has been developed from the spectrally identical wild-type phiYFP found in the marine jellyfish Phialidium. The latter fluorescent protein is one of only two known cases of naturally occurring proteins that exhibit emission spectra in the yelloworange range (535555 nm). Here, the crystal structure of phiYFPv has been determined at 2.05 resolution. The yellow chromophore formed from the sequence triad Thr65-Tyr66-Gly67 adopts the bicyclic structure typical of fluorophores emitting in the green spectral range. It was demonstrated that perfect antiparallel ?-stacking of chromophore Tyr66 and the proximal Tyr203, as well as Val205, facing the chromophore phenolic ring are chiefly responsible for the observed yellow emission of phiYFPv at 537 nm. Structure-based site-directed mutagenesis has been used to identify the key functional residues in the chromophore environment. The obtained results have been utilized to improve the properties of phiYFPv and its homologous monomeric biomarker tagYFP.

  8. Magnetic and structural properties of yellow europium oxide compound and Eu(OH){sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Dongwook; Seo, Jiwon; Valladares, Luis de los Santos; Avalos Quispe, O.; Barnes, Crispin H.W.

    2015-08-15

    A new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound was prepared from europium oxide in a high vacuum environment. The structural and magnetic properties of the material were investigated. Owing to the absence of a crystal structure, the material exhibited a disordered magnetic behavior. In a reaction with deionized (DI) water without applied heat, the compound assumed a white color as soon as the DI water reached the powder, and the structure became polycrystalline Eu(OH){sub 3}. The magnetic properties, such as the thermal hysteresis, disappeared after the reaction with DI water, and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened. The magnetic properties of Eu(OH){sub 3} were also examined. Although Eu{sup 3+} is present in Eu(OH){sub 3}, a high magnetic moment due to the crystal field effect was observed. - Graphical abstract: (top left) Optical image of the yellow europium oxide compound. (top right) Optical image of the product of DI water and yellow europium oxide. (bottom) Magnetization curves as a function of temperature measured in various magnetic field. - Highlights: • We prepared a new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound from europium oxide. • We characterized the magnetic properties of the material which exhibits a disordered magnetic behavior such as thermal hysteresis. • The compound turned white (Eu(OH){sub 3}) as soon as the DI water reached the powder. • The thermal hysteresis disappeared after the reaction with DI water and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened.

  9. From Meredith Brown racer@lanl.gov Subject: Yellow Alert- Supplied Air Fitting Failure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 Jan 2000 130859 -0700 From Meredith Brown racer@lanl.gov Subject: Yellow Alert- Supplied Air Fitting Failure Title: Yellow Alert- Mechanical Failure of Supplied Air Fitting Identifier 2000-OH-WVDP-001 Date 1/12/00 Summary- The user is the last barrier to confirm the safety and effectiveness of personal protective equipment. In addition to performing a pre-use inspection, workers are instructed to exit the work area if they notice anything unusual or wrong with their PPE. Discussion- On

  10. From: Sells_List_Server%DOELNC@DOE.GOV Subject: YELLOW/Caution: Unattended Laboratory Heating Equipment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wed, 08 Jan 2003 14:50:55 -0500 From: Sells_List_Server%DOELNC@DOE.GOV Subject: YELLOW/Caution: Unattended Laboratory Heating Equipment Sender: ListServer@HQLNC.DOE.GOV Title: Yellow Alert- Unattended Laboratory Heating Equipment Date: 1/2/03 Identifier: LL-2002-LLNL-30 Lessons Learned Summary: Two recent events at an LLNL facility illustrate once again that small electrical heating sources should be monitored while in use. Discussion of Activities: In the first LLNL incident, plastic bottles of

  11. Water quality criteria for colored smokes: Solvent Yellow 33, Final report. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, K.A.; Hovatter, P.S.

    1987-11-01

    The available data on the environmental fate, aquatic toxicity, and mammalian toxicity of Solvent Yellow 33, a quinoline dye used in colored smoke grenades, were reviewed. The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guidelines were used in an attempt to generate water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life and its use and of human health. 87 refs., 2 figs., 13 tabs.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of black, red and yellow nanoparticles pigments from the iron sand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mufti, Nandang Atma, T. Fuad, A.; Sutadji, E.

    2014-09-25

    The aim of this research is to synthesize nanoparticles of black pigment of Magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}), red pigment of hematite (α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}), and yellow pigment of ghoetite (α-FeOOH) from the iron sand. The black pigment of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and the yellow pigment α-FeOOH nanoparticles were synthesized by coprecipitation method with variation of pH. Whereas, the red pigment Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} was synthesized by sintering Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles at temperature between 400 °C and 700 7°C for 1 hour. All the pigments has been characterized using X-ray diffraction and SEM. The XRD results shown that the particle size of the black pigmen Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, red pigment Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and yellow pigment α-FeOOH are around 12, 32, and 30 nm respectively. The particle size of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles increase by increasing sintering temperature from 32 nm at 400 °C to 39 nm at 700 °C. For yellow pigment of α-FeOOH, the particle size increase by increasing pH from 30,54 nm at pH 4 to 48,60 nm at pH 7. The SEM results shown that the morphologies of black, yellow and red pigments are aglomarated.

  13. From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Fall Results in Injury

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tue, 16 Jun 1998 13:57:16 -0500 From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Fall Results in Injury Title: Fall From Ladder Results in Fractured Vertebra Identifier: LLNL-1998-002 Date: January 5, 1998 Lesson Learned Statement: Work at elevated levels needs to be thoroughly evaluated. Discussion of Activities: A subcontractor employee was soldering a pipe while standing 2/3 of the way up a portable ten foot ladder when he lost his balance and fell six feet to the floor

  14. From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Small Bench Top Fire

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fri, 12 Jun 1998 17:03:23 -0500 From: Meredith Brown <racer@lanl.gov> Subject: Yellow Alert: Small Bench Top Fire Title: Bench Top Fire Involving Use of Alcohol and Burner Identifier: LLNL-1998-009 Date: 1/12/98 Lesson Learned Statement: Work requiring the use of alcohol, or other flammable liquids, and open flames should be performed only when the appropriate safeguards and constraints are in place. Discussion of Activities: A fire occurred in a laboratory facility that resulted from

  15. Yellow phosphorus process to convert toxic chemicals to non-toxic products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, S.G.

    1994-07-26

    The present invention relates to a process for generating reactive species for destroying toxic chemicals. This process first contacts air or oxygen with aqueous emulsions of molten yellow phosphorus. This contact results in rapid production of abundant reactive species such as O, O[sub 3], PO, PO[sub 2], etc. A gaseous or liquid aqueous solution organic or inorganic chemicals is next contacted by these reactive species to reduce the concentration of toxic chemical and result in a non-toxic product. The final oxidation product of yellow phosphorus is phosphoric acid of a quality which can be recovered for commercial use. A process is developed such that the byproduct, phosphoric acid, is obtained without contamination of toxic species in liquids treated. A gas stream containing ozone without contamination of phosphorus containing species is also obtained in a simple and cost-effective manner. This process is demonstrated to be effective for destroying many types of toxic organic, or inorganic, compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), aromatic chlorides, amines, alcohols, acids, nitro aromatics, aliphatic chlorides, polynuclear aromatic compounds (PAH), dyes, pesticides, sulfides, hydroxyamines, ureas, dithionates and the like. 20 figs.

  16. Yellow phosphorus process to convert toxic chemicals to non-toxic products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Ger

    1994-01-01

    The present invention relates to a process for generating reactive species for destroying toxic chemicals. This process first contacts air or oxygen with aqueous emulsions of molten yellow phosphorus. This contact results in rapid production of abundant reactive species such as O, O.sub.3, PO, PO.sub.2, etc. A gaseous or liquid aqueous solution organic or inorganic chemicals is next contacted by these reactive species to reduce the concentration of toxic chemical and result in a non-toxic product. The final oxidation product of yellow phosphorus is phosphoric acid of a quality which can be recovered for commercial use. A process is developed such that the byproduct, phosphoric acid, is obtained without contamination of toxic species in liquids treated. A gas stream containing ozone without contamination of phosphorus containing species is also obtained in a simple and cost-effective manner. This process is demonstrated to be effective for destroying many types of toxic organic, or inorganic, compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), aromatic chlorides, amines, alcohols, acids, nitro aromatics, aliphatic chlorides, polynuclear aromatic compounds (PAH), dyes, pesticides, sulfides, hydroxyamines, ureas, dithionates and the like.

  17. From: Sells_List_Server%DOELNC@DOE.GOV Subject: YELLOW/Caution: Hazards from Modifying Finished Products

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    07 Jan 2003 15:55:12 -0500 From: Sells_List_Server%DOELNC@DOE.GOV Subject: YELLOW/Caution: Hazards from Modifying Finished Products Sender: ListServer@HQLNC.DOE.GOV Title: Yellow Alert- Hazards from Modifying Finished Products Date: 1/2/2003 Identifier: LL-2002-LLNL-31 Lessons Learned Summary: It is important to identify any hazards involved with the modification of a "finished" commercial product. Discussion of Activities: Finished products do not require a label for material hazards

  18. Turkey Marine Lubricants Market is Expected to Reach USD 177...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    are primarily categorized into seven different applications including engine oils, hydraulic oils, grease, turbine oils, gear oils, compressor oils and heat transfer fluids....

  19. Bioaccumulation of cesium-137 in yellow bullhead catfish (Ameiurus natalis) inhabiting an abandoned nuclear reactor reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCreedy, C.D.; Glickman, L.T.; Jagoe, C.H.; Brisbin, I.L. Jr.

    1997-02-01

    Bioaccumulation of {sup 137}Cs was investigated in yellow bullhead catfish (Ameiurus natalis) inhabiting an abandoned reactor reservoir, Pond B, Savannah River Site, Barnwell Co., South Carolina. The authors collected fish by trap-netting, and determined ages from pectoral spines. Muscle and other tissues were assayed for {sup 137}Cs by NaI-scintillation. Music {sup 137}Cs was unrelated to sex or mass of fish, but was related to age. Examination of least-squares means suggested that {sup 137}Cs in muscle increased up to about age 3, but did not increase with greater age. A modified Richards model showed equilibrium {sup 137}Cs concentration in muscle was acquired in approximately 2.4 years. Growth differed between sexes and the time to asymptotic body mass was longer than the time to attain equilibrium {sup 137}Cs concentration. Males attained an asymptotic mass of 577 g in approximately 6.3 years; females attained an asymptotic mass of 438 g in approximately 5.9 years. The cumulative {sup 137}Cs burden of the population was 4.9 {times} 10{sup 6} Bq, representing <0.001% of the {sup 137}Cs inventory of the reservoir. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs varied among tissues with gill and muscle the lowest and highest. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs in ovaries declined with increasing ovary mass. Until equilibrium is attained in these fish, {sup 137}Cs concentration is directly related to increasing age rather than size.

  20. Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report San Francisco...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reduction associated with co-locating this type of operation at a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP); To develop a business case or model for...

  1. The darkening of zinc yellow: XANES speciation of chromium in artist;s paints after light and chemical exposures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zanella, Luciana; Casadio, Francesca; Gray, Kimberly A.; Warta, Richard; Ma, Qing; Gaillard, Jean-Franois

    2012-03-14

    The color darkening of selected brushstrokes of the masterpiece A Sunday on La Grande Jatte - 1884 (by Georges Seurat) has been attributed to the alteration of the chromate pigment zinc yellow. The pigment originally displays a bright greenish-yellow color but may undergo, after aging, darkening to a dull, ocher tone. We used XANES to probe the oxidation state of Cr on paint reconstructions, and show that color changes are associated with the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). Paint mixtures containing the pigment and linseed oil to mimic mixtures used in La Grande Jatte were subjected to artificial aging in the presence of light, SO{sub 2}, and variable air humidity - 50 and 90% relative humidity. High relative humidity led to the largest degree of Cr(VI) reduction whereas low relative humidity promoted light-induced alterations. These results are corroborated by visible reflectance measurements on the same laboratory samples and contribute to a better understanding of the chemical reactivity of chromate pigments, which are present in many historical works of art.

  2. Probabilistic ecological risk assessment and source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments from Yellow Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, A.X.; Lang, Y.H.; Xue, L.D.; Liao, S.L.; Zhou, H.

    2009-11-15

    Based on the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 12 surface sediment samples from Yellow Sea, the relative risk of 9 PAHs was investigated using joint risk probability distribution curves and overlapping area, which were generated based on the distributions of exposure and acute toxicity data (LC50), and the sources of PAHs were apportioned using principal component analysis. It was found that joint probability curve and overlapping area indicated the acceptable ecological risk of individual PAHs, only a small fraction of the benthic organisms was affected. Among the nine PAHs studied, the overall risk of pyrene was the highest, with that of naphthalene the lowest. For lower exposure levels at which the percentage of species affected was less than 10%, the risk associated with phenanthrene and fluorene were clearly higher than that of the other seven PAHs. It was indicated that PAHs in surface sediments mainly originated from vehicular emissions, coal combustion sources, coke oven emission and wood combustion, petroleum origin made little influence on sources of PAHs by PCA.

  3. Yellow | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Connect Yearly update : exascale projections for 2013. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Yearly update : exascale projections for 2013. The HPC architectures of today are significantly different for a decade ago, with high odds that further changes will occur on the road to Exascale. This paper discusses the %E2%80%9Cperfect storm%E2%80%9D in technology that produced this change, the classes of architectures we are dealing with, and probable trends in how they will evolve. These

  4. Strain-compensated (Ga,In)N/(Al,Ga)N/GaN multiple quantum wells for improved yellow/amber light emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekhal, K.; Damilano, B. De Mierry, P.; Venngus, P.; Ngo, H. T.; Rosales, D.; Gil, B.; Hussain, S.

    2015-04-06

    Yellow/amber (570600?nm) emitting In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N/Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1?y}N/GaN multiple quantum wells (QWs) have been grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on GaN-on- sapphire templates. When the (Al,Ga)N thickness of the barrier increases, the room temperature photoluminescence is red-shifted while its yield increases. This is attributed to an increase of the QW internal electric field and an improvement of the material quality due to the compensation of the compressive strain of the In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N QWs by the Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1?y}N layers, respectively.

  5. Enhanced photocatalytic efficiency of NiS/TiO{sub 2} composite catalysts using sunset yellow, an azo dye under day light illumination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajamanickam, D.; Dhatshanamurthi, P.; Shanthi, M.

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: NiS/TiO{sub 2} was successfully synthesized by solgel method. This new method of preparation gives a homogeneous dispersion of NiS on TiO{sub 2}. Degradation activity of NiS/TiO{sub 2} is found to be more efficient than other catalysts. Addition of oxidants enhances the degradation efficiency significantly. COD measurements reveal the complete mineralization of dye molecules. The catalyst is found to be reusable. - Abstract: To improve the solar light induced photocatalytic application performances of TiO{sub 2}, in this study, the NiS modified TiO{sub 2} composite photocatalysts with various ratios of NiS to TiO{sub 2} were prepared by solgel method. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM), energy dispersive spectra (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and BrunauerEmmettTeller (BET) surface area measurement methods. The photocatalytic activity of NiS/TiO{sub 2} was investigated for the degradation of sunset yellow (SY) in aqueous solution using solar light. The NiS/TiO{sub 2} is found to be more efficient than prepared TiO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}P25 at pH 7 for the mineralization of SY. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration and initial pH on photo mineralization of SY have been analyzed. The degradation was strongly enhanced in the presence of oxidants such as H{sub 3}K{sub 5}O{sub 18}S{sub 4} (Oxone), KIO{sub 4}, and KBrO{sub 3}. The mineralization of SY has been identified by COD measurements. The catalyst is found to be reusable.

  6. Long-lasting X-ray emission from type IIb supernova 2011dh and mass-loss history of the yellow supergiant progenitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maeda, Keiichi; Katsuda, Satoru; Bamba, Aya; Terada, Yukikatsu; Fukazawa, Yasushi

    2014-04-20

    Type IIb supernova (SN) 2011dh, with conclusive detection of an unprecedented yellow supergiant (YSG) progenitor, provides an excellent opportunity to deepen our understanding on the massive star evolution in the final centuries toward the SN explosion. In this paper, we report on detection and analyses of thermal X-ray emission from SN IIb 2011dh at ?500 days after the explosion on Chandra archival data, providing a solidly derived mass-loss rate of a YSG progenitor for the first time. We find that the circumstellar media should be dense, more than that expected from a Wolf-Rayet (W-R) star by one order of magnitude. The emission is powered by a reverse shock penetrating into an outer envelope, fully consistent with the YSG progenitor but not with a W-R progenitor. The density distribution at the outermost ejecta is much steeper than that expected from a compact W-R star, and this finding must be taken into account in modeling the early UV/optical emission from SNe IIb. The derived mass-loss rate is ?3 10{sup 6} M {sub ?} yr{sup 1} for the mass-loss velocity of ?20 km s{sup 1} in the final ?1300 yr before the explosion. The derived mass-loss properties are largely consistent with the standard wind mass-loss expected for a giant star. This is not sufficient to be a main driver to expel nearly all the hydrogen envelope. Therefore, the binary interaction, with a huge mass transfer having taken place at ? 1300 yr before the explosion, is a likely scenario to produce the YSG progenitor.

  7. EECBG Success Story: Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Downtown Smyrna, Georgia is using $184,000 of the city’s $208,000 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to create space for two 55-gallon processors that will turn cooking oil into biodiesel. Learn more.

  8. A novel yellow-emitting SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphor for solid state lighting: Synthesis, electronic structure and photoluminescence properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruan, Jian; Xie, Rong-Jun; Funahashi, Shiro; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Takeda, Takashi; Suehiro, Takayuki; Hirosaki, Naoto; Li, Yuan-Qiang

    2013-12-15

    Ce{sup 3+}-doped and Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}-codoped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} phosphors were synthesized by gas pressure sintering of powder mixtures of Sr{sub 3}N{sub 2}, AlN, ?-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, CeN and Li{sub 3}N. The phase purity, electronic crystal structure, photoluminescence properties of SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+}(Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}) were investigated in this work. The band structure calculated by the DMol{sup 3} code shows that SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} has a direct band gap of 3.87 eV. The single crystal analysis of Ce{sup 3+}-doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} indicates a disordered Si/Al distribution and nitrogen vacnacy defects. SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} was identified as a major phase of the fired powders, and Sr{sub 5}Al{sub 5}Si{sub 21}N{sub 35}O{sub 2} and AlN as minor phases. Both Ce{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +} doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} phosphors can be efficiently excited by near-UV or blue light and show a broadband yellow emission peaking around 565 nm. A highest external quantum efficiency of 38.3% under the 450 nm excitation was observed for the Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}-doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} (5 mol%). A white light LED lamp with color temperature of 6300 K and color rendering index of Ra=78 was achieved by combining Sr{sub 0.97}Al{sub 1.03}Si{sub 3.997}N/94/maccounttest14=t0005{sub 1}8193 {sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+}{sub 0.03} with a commercial blue InGaN chip. It indicates that SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} is a promising yellow emitting down-conversion phosphor for white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: One-phosphor converted white light-emitting diode (LED) was fabricated by combining a blue LED chip and a yellow-emitting SrAlSi4N7:Ce{sup 3+} phosphor (see inset), which has the color rendering index of 78 and color temperature of 6300 K. - Highlights: We reported a new yellow nitride phosphor suitable for solid state lighting. We solved the crystal structure and evidenced a disordered Si/Al distribution. We fabricated a high color rendering white LEDs by using a single SrAlSi4N7:Ce.

  9. New Study Shows Solar Manufacturing Costs Not Driven Primarily by Labor

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Production scale, not lower labor costs, drives China's current advantage in manufacturing photovoltaic (PV) solar energy systems, according to a new report released today by the Energy Department...

  10. The presence of natural gas-primarily methane-in the shale layers of sedimen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    power grid of the future is a platform that delivers reliable, affordable, and clean electricity to American consumers where they want it, when they want it, and how they want it. To jump start the modernization of our nation's aging energy infrastructure, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act invested $4.5 billion in the electric sector -matched by private funding to reach a total of about $9.5 billion- so that Americans could start experiencing the benefits of the future grid sooner. Over

  11. New Study Shows Solar Manufacturing Costs Not Driven Primarily by Labor -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Study Reveals the Power of Solar Schools New Study Reveals the Power of Solar Schools October 22, 2014 - 4:37pm Addthis New Study Reveals the Power of Solar Schools Minh Le Minh Le Deputy Director, Solar Energy Technologies Office This post is excerpted from The Solar Foundation report, "Brighter Future: A Study on Solar in U.S. Schools," which was funded by the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative. The impressive and precipitous rise of the U.S. solar industry is well documented. As

  12. LMFBR fuel-design environment for endurance testing, primarily of oxide fuel elements with local faults

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warinner, D.K.

    1980-01-01

    The US Department of Energy LMFBR Lines-of-Assurance are briefly stated and local faults are given perspective with an historical review and definition to help define the constraints of LMFBR fuel-element designs. Local-fault-propagation (fuel-element failure-propagation and blockage propagation) perceptions are reviewed. Fuel pin designs and major LMFBR parameters affecting pin performance are summarized. The interpretation of failed-fuel data is aided by a discussion of the effects of nonprototypicalities. The fuel-pin endurance expected in the US, USSR, France, UK, Japan, and West Germany is outlined. Finally, fuel-failure detection and location by delayed-neutron and gaseous-fission-product monitors are briefly discussed to better realize the operational limits.

  13. Affinity Maturation of a Potent Family of HIV Antibodies Is Primarily...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-05-23 22:15:32; Journal ID: ISSN 1074-7613 Publisher: Elsevier ...

  14. Sub-micrometre Particulate Matter is Primarily in Liquid Form over Amazon Rainforests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bateman, Adam P.; Gong, Z. H.; Liu, Pengfei; Sato, Bruno; Cirino, Glauber; Zhang, Yue; Artaxo, Paulo; Bertram, Allan K.; Manzi, A.; Rizzo, L. V.; Souza, Rodrigo A.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Martin, Scot T.

    2016-01-01

    Particulate matter (PM) occurs in the Earth’s atmosphere both in liquid and non-liquid forms. The physical state affects the available physical and chemical mechanisms of growth and reactivity, ultimately affecting the number, size, and composition of the atmospheric particle population. Herein, the physical state, including the response to relative humidity (RH), was investigated on-line and in real time for PM (< 1 μm) over the tropical rain forest of central Amazonia during both the wet and dry seasons of 2013. The results show that the PM was liquid for RH > 80% across 296 to 300 K. These results, in conjunction with the distributions of RH and temperature in Amazonia, imply that near-surface submicron PM in Amazonia is liquid most of the time. The observations are consistent with laboratory experiments showing that PM produced by isoprene photo-oxidation is liquid across these meteorological conditions. The findings have implications for the mechanisms of new particle production in Amazonia, the growth of submicron particles and hence dynamics of the cloud life cycle, and the sensitivity of these processes to anthropogenic activities. An approach for inclusion of particle physical state in chemical transport models is presented.

  15. Yellow: Pre-DOE Implementation Plan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-DOE Implementation Plan 192012 Page 1 of 3 Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) Safety Culture Background: A chain of events involving the design and construction of the Hanford...

  16. Subject: Yellow Alert- Steam Valve Near-Miss Title: Yellow Alert...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    able to assure himself of the proper way to remove the actuator and did not obtain enough knowledge of the planned work to determine if the job could be executed safely. (Error...

  17. Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Echo, Minnesota Granite Falls, Minnesota Hanley Falls, Minnesota Hazel Run, Minnesota Porter, Minnesota St. Leo, Minnesota Wood Lake, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  18. New Yellow School Buses Harness the Sun in Wisconsin

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A solar fueling station in Oconomowoc, Wis. is generating electricity that will be used to charge 11 plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school buses. The buses, put into service at the beginning of the 2010 school year, are serving Wisconsin school districts – helping them save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  19. Subject: Yellow Alert: PCB Container Event in the PCB Storage...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the PCB Storage Facility IDENTIFIER: Y-1999-OR-BJCPORT-0101 DATE: January 4, 1999 LESSONS LEARNED STATEMENT: The effects of biodegradation and ambient temperature changes...

  20. COMMODITIES USED BY WIPP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Flags, Poles, Banners & Accessories ? Fuel, Oil, Grease & Lubricants ? Gases ? Germicides ... Printing & Related Services ? Publications & Audiovisual Material ? Pumping Equipment & ...

  1. Biodiesel Fuel Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases.

  2. Offshore Lubricants to Exhibit 7.07% CAGR from 2014 to 2020 Due...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    segmented the global offshore lubricants market into gear oil, grease, engine oil, hydraulic oil, and others (such as circulating oil, turbine oil, and compressor oil). Among...

  3. Dieselgreen Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dieselgreen Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: DieselGreen Fuels Name: DieselGreen Fuels Place: Austin, Texas Region: Texas Area Sector: Biofuels Product: Grease collection...

  4. Country-Fried Biofuels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Instead of tossing your grease and used cooking oil, let a clean cities coordinator in your area help recycle it into biodiesel.

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/14-CO-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    that cause nonpoint source pollution include: Excess fertilizer and pesticides; Oil, grease, and toxic chemicals from urban runoff and energy production; Sediment from...

  6. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP 2001 Reserve Summary for Wyoming Thrust Belt Fields Wyoming Thrust Belt Oil & Gas Fields By 2001 BOE

  7. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Reserve Class No 2001 gas reserves 0.1 - 10 MMCF 10.1 - 100 MMCF 100.1 - 1,000 MMCF 1,000.1 - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP 2001 Reserve Summary for Wyoming Thrust Belt Fields Wyoming Thrust Belt Oil & Gas Fields By 2001 Gas

  8. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquids Reserve Class No 2001 liquids reserves 0.1 - 10 Mbbl 10.1 - 100 Mbbl 100.1 - 1,000 Mbbl 1,000.1 - 10,000 Mbbl 10,000.1 - 100,000 Mbbl Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP 2001 Reserve Summary for Wyoming Thrust Belt Fields Wyoming Thrust Belt Oil & Gas Fields By 2001 Liquids

  9. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP...

  10. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquids Reserve Class No 2001 liquids reserves 0.1 - 10 Mbbl 10.1 - 100 Mbbl 100.1 - 1,000 Mbbl 1,000.1 - 10,000 Mbbl 10,000.1 - 100,000 Mbbl Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP 2001...

  11. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Basin Outline WY UT ID INDEX MAP 2001 Reserve Summary for Wyoming Thrust Belt Fields Wyoming Thrust Belt Oil & Gas Fields ...

  12. ANNULAR IMPACTOR SAMPLING DEVICE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tait, G.W.C.

    1959-03-31

    A high-rate air sampler capable of sampling alphaemitting particles as small as 0.5 microns is described. The device is a cylindrical shaped cup that fits in front of a suction tube and which has sticky grease coating along its base. Suction forces contaminated air against the periodically monitored particle absorbing grease.

  13. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    genome" approaches? * Potential problems - PID, yellowing, adhesion, cell cracking, wire ... fluxes, glass surfaces * Yellowing, PID * IR rejection (reflection, conduction, ...

  14. Regulated Emissions from Biodiesel Tested in Heavy-Duty Engines Meeting 2004 Emission Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCormick, R. L.; Tennant, C. J.; Hayes, R. R.; Black, S.; Ireland, J.; McDaniel, T.; Williams, A.; Frailey, M.; Sharp, C. A.

    2005-11-01

    Biodiesel produced from soybean oil, canola oil, yellow grease, and beef tallow was tested in two heavy-duty engines. The biodiesels were tested neat and as 20% by volume blends with a 15 ppm sulfur petroleum-derived diesel fuel. The test engines were the following: 2002 Cummins ISB and 2003 DDC Series 60. Both engines met the 2004 U.S. emission standard of 2.5 g/bhp-h NO{sub x}+HC (3.35 g/kW-h) and utilized exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). All emission tests employed the heavy-duty transient procedure as specified in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations. Reduction in PM emissions and increase in NO{sub x} emissions were observed for all biodiesels in all engines, confirming observations made in older engines. On average PM was reduced by 25% and NO{sub x} increased by 3% for the two engines tested for a variety of B20 blends. These changes are slightly larger in magnitude, but in the same range as observed in older engines. The cetane improver 2-ethyl hexyl nitrate was shown to have no measurable effect on NO{sub x} emissions from B20 in these engines, in contrast to observations reported for older engines. The effect of intake air humidity on NO{sub x} emissions from the Cummins ISB was quantified. The CFR NO{sub x}/humidity correction factor was shown to be valid for an engine equipped with EGR, operating at 1700 m above sea level, and operating on conventional or biodiesel.

  15. Evaluation of the environmental effects of stormwater pollutants for Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinzman, R.L.; Southworth, G.R.; Stewart, A.J.; Filson, M.J.

    1995-07-01

    Despite Best Management Practices (BMP), total suspended solids (TSS) and oil and grease (O and G) concentrations in stormwater runoff frequently have been above the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit effluent limits at ORNL. Although the effects of stormwater pollutants to aquatic ecosystems are of concern regionally and nationally, NPDES permit violations at ORNL are best addressed on a site-specific basis. This document explores several key questions to determine whether the TSS and O and G noncompliances at ORNL are primarily a regulatory problem (i.e., Category 1 and 2 effluent limits are neither reasonably achievable nor effective in achieving environmental protection), or a legitimate ecological concern that will require effective remediation. The three tasks outlined in the study plan were to (1) clarify the degree of TSS and O and G noncompliances at ORNL, (2) provide guidance as to appropriate limits for TSS and O and G in Category 1 and 2 discharges, and (3) provide information about the effectiveness of possible mitigation or remediation measures for TSS and O and G in stormwater releases, assuming that such measures are needed for one or more ORNL Category 1 or 2 outfalls.

  16. CX-011052: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    B-922 Grease Interceptor Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.31 Date: 09/09/2013 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. Secretary Chu Announces More Than $20.5 million for Community...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... process of fats, oil and grease (FOG) and liquid ... Once the appropriate mix has been created in buffer tanks, ... Park will be an advanced storage battery and a 300kW fuel ...

  18. CX-008621: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Replace 766-H Deteriorated Grease Trap CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/21/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  19. Remarks for Quadrennial Energy Review Public Meeting June 19...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Many WRRFs are now also hauling in additional organic waste such as fats, oils, and grease (FOG) and food waste for introduction into digesters; a process that helps produce more ...

  20. Bioenergy Technologies Office … Federal Partnerships

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Company Location Feedstock Capacity Groundbreaking Off-Take Agreements Gulf Coast Fats and Greases 82 MM gy TBA TBD McCarran, NV MSW 10 MM gy SpringSummer of 2015 ...

  1. BETO Project Management Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Company Location Feedstock Capacity Groundbreaking Off-Take Agreements Gulf Coast Fats and Greases 82.0 MM gy TBA TBD McCarran, NV MSW 10.0 MM gy SpringSummer of 2015 ...

  2. Report from the Field: Nutrient and Energy Recovery at DC Water

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... excess digester capacity available, EBMUD has operated like a business to allow fats, greases, and various food and beverage wastes to be trucked in and co- digested at the plant. ...

  3. Turn Your Halloween Pumpkins Into Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Another one of these projects, from Emerald Biofuels, will use a different type of waste-fats, oils, and greases-as a feedstock that will be hydro-treated and upgraded at its ...

  4. Energy Department Joins Navy and Agriculture Departments to Invest...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emerald Biofuels: To build and operate an 82 million gallon per year refinery on the Gulf Coast to hydro-treat and upgrade waste fats, oils, and greases to create military-grade ...

  5. FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Used oil (e.g., spent gearbox oil, hydraulic fluid, and gear grease) would be generated during operation of the wind turbine, but it would not be considered a waste because it can ...

  6. EA-1923-DEA-2012.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Used oil (e.g., spent gearbox oil, hydraulic fluid, and gear grease) would be generated during operation of the wind turbine, but it would not be considered a waste because it can ...

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Save Results Save this search to My Library Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve these results? Brown Grease to ...

  8. CX-001005: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Brown Grease to Biodiesel DemonstrationCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1Date: 03/01/2010Location(s): CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  9. Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    new oils such as soy or used vegetable oils like restaurant grease. Manufacturers take these oils, filter them, and then chemically react them with an alcohol to form biodiesel. ...

  10. Browse Designations - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SciTech Connect Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report Municipal wastewater treatment facilities have typically been limited to the role of accepting wastewater, treating it to required levels, and disposing of its treatment residuals. However, a new view is emerging which includes wastewater treatment facilities as regional resource recovery centers. This view is a direct result

  11. Atlas Lighting: Order (2015-CE-48001) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel December 7, 2011 - 3:33pm Addthis Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Chris Galm Marketing & Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency

  12. Conjugated polymers for organic LED`s: Poly[2,5-bis(-3A-5{beta}-cholestanoxy)-phenylenevinylene] (BCHA-PPV): A processable, yellow light emitter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wudl, F.; Hoeger, S.; Zhang, C.; Pakbaz, K.; Heeger, A.J.

    1993-12-31

    The authors report on the preparation and characterization of the title polymer and its photoluminescence as well as electroluminescence. The polymer was prepared in good yield with a molecular {approximately}10{sup 8} vs poly(styrene). The cholestanoxy groups were attached to the monomer precursor via a Mitsunobu coupling. The PPV was obtained by the typical p-xylylene intermediate route.

  13. 40 kW Stirling engine for solid fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlsen, H.; Ammundsen, N.; Traerup, J.

    1996-12-31

    The external combustion in a Stirling engine makes it very attractive for utilization of solid fuels in decentralized combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Only few projects have concentrated on the development of Stirling engines specifically for biomass. In this project a Stirling engine has been designed primarily for utilization of wood chips. Maximum shaft power is 40 kW corresponding to an electric output of 36 kW. Biomass needs more space in the combustion chamber compared to gas and liquid fuels, and a large heat transfer area is necessary. The design of the new Stirling engine has been adapted to the special demands of combustion of wood chips, resulting in a large engine compared to engines for gas or liquid fuels. The engine has four-cylinders arranged in a square. The design is made as a hermetic unit, where the alternator is built into the pressurized crankcase so that dynamic seals are avoided. Grease lubricated bearings are used in a special designed crank mechanism, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons Helium is used as working gas at 4 MPa mean pressure. The first test of the 40 kW engine with natural gas as fuel has been made in the laboratory, and the results are in agreement with predicted results from simulation programs. The wood chips combustion system has been tested for some time with very promising results. When the laboratory test of the engine is finished, the test of the complete system will be initiated. The paper describes the engine and results from the test program. Expectations to maintenance and operation problems are also discussed.

  14. Emissions From Various Biodiesel Sources Compared to a Range of Diesel Fuels in DPF Equipped Diesel Engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, A.; Burton, J.; Christensen, E.; McCormick, R. L.; Tester, J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of various sources of petroleum-based and bio-based diesel fuels on regulated emissions and fuel economy in diesel particulate filter (DPF) equipped diesel engines. Two model year 2008 diesel engines were tested with nine fuels including a certification ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), local ULSD, high aromatic ULSD, low aromatic ULSD, and twenty percent blends of biodiesel derived from algae, camelina, soy, tallow, and yellow grease. Regulated emissions were measured over the heavy duty diesel transient test cycle. Measurements were also made of DPF-out particle size distribution and total particle count from a 13-mode steady state test using a fast mobility particle sizer. Test engines were a 2008 Cummins ISB and a 2008 International Maxx Force 10, both equipped with actively regenerated DPFs. Fuel consumption was roughly 2% greater over the transient test cycle for the B20 blends versus certification ULSD in both engines, consistent with the slightly lower energy content of biodiesel. Unlike studies conducted on older model engines, these engines equipped with diesel oxidation catalysts and DPFs showed small or no measurable fuel effect on the tailpipe emissions of total hydrocarbons (THC), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM). No differences in particle size distribution or total particle count were seen in a comparison of certification ULSD and B20 soy, with the exception of engine idling conditions where B20 produced a small reduction in the number of nucleation mode particles. In the Cummins engine, B20 prepared from algae, camelina, soy, and tallow resulted in an approximately 2.5% increase in nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) compared to the base fuel. The International engine demonstrated a higher degree of variability for NO{sub x} emissions, and fuel effects could not be resolved (p > 0.05). The group of petroleum diesel test fuels produced a range of NO{sub x} emissions very similar to that caused by blending of biodiesel. Test cycles where an active regeneration of the DPF occurred resulted in a nearly threefold increase in NO{sub x} emissions and a 15% increase in fuel consumption. The full quantification of DPF regeneration events further complicates the accurate calculation of fuel impacts on emissions and fuel consumption.

  15. WSF Biodiesel Demonstration Project Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington State University; University of Idaho; The Glosten Associates, Inc.; Imperium Renewables, Inc.

    2009-04-30

    In 2004, WSF canceled a biodiesel fuel test because of “product quality issues” that caused the fuel purifiers to clog. The cancelation of this test and the poor results negatively impacted the use of biodiesel in marine application in the Pacific Northwest. In 2006, The U.S. Department of Energy awarded the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency a grant to manage a scientific study investigating appropriate fuel specifications for biodiesel, fuel handling procedures and to conduct a fuel test using biodiesel fuels in WSF operations. The Agency put together a project team comprised of experts in fields of biodiesel research and analysis, biodiesel production, marine engineering and WSF personnel. The team reviewed biodiesel technical papers, reviewed the 2004 fuel test results, designed a fuel test plan and provided technical assistance during the test. The research reviewed the available information on the 2004 fuel test and conducted mock laboratory experiments, but was not able to determine why the fuel filters clogged. The team then conducted a literature review and designed a fuel test plan. The team implemented a controlled introduction of biodiesel fuels to the test vessels while monitoring the environmental conditions on the vessels and checking fuel quality throughout the fuel distribution system. The fuel test was conducted on the same three vessels that participated in the canceled 2004 test using the same ferry routes. Each vessel used biodiesel produced from a different feedstock (i.e. soy, canola and yellow grease). The vessels all ran on ultra low sulfur diesel blended with biodiesel. The percentage of biodiesel was incrementally raised form from 5 to 20 percent. Once the vessels reached the 20 percent level, they continued at this blend ratio for the remainder of the test. Fuel samples were taken from the fuel manufacturer, during fueling operations and at several points onboard each vessel. WSF Engineers monitored the performance of the fuel systems and engines. Each test vessel did experience a microbial growth bloom that produced a build up of material in the fuel purifiers similar to material witnessed in the 2004 fuel test. A biocide was added with each fuel shipment and the problem subsided. In January of 2009, the WSF successfully completed an eleven month biodiesel fuel test using approximately 1,395,000 gallons of biodiesel blended fuels. The project demonstrated that biodiesel can be used successfully in marine vessels and that current ASTM specifications are satisfactory for marine vessels. Microbial growth in biodiesel diesel interface should be monitored. An inspection of the engines showed no signs of being negatively impacted by the test.

  16. Forming the Future

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - - - - Automotive BY NICK WRIGHT, EXECUTIVE EDITOR A computer program generates a tool path for the robots based on a CAD design, turning 2 D sheet metal into a 3 D part. A blue grease is applied before the sheet is held into place with De sta co clamps. The grease protects the metal's surface finish during forming. Styluses above and below the sheet manipulate the metal into shape. FFJournal ® April 2014 As seen in the April 2014 issue of ® A bout 10 miles west of down- town Detroit sprawls

  17. Correlation of radioactive-waste-treatment costs and the environmental impact of waste effluents in the nuclear fuel cycle: conversion of yellow cake to uranium hexafluoride. Part II. The solvent extraction-fluorination process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sears, M.B.; Etnier, E.L.; Hill, G.S.; Patton, B.D.; Witherspoon, J.P.; Yen, S.N.

    1983-03-01

    A cost/benefit study was made to determine the cost and effectiveness of radioactive waste (radwaste) treatment systems for decreasing the release of radioactive materials and chemicals from a model uranium hexafluoride (UF/sub 6/) production plant using the solvent extraction-fluorination process, and to evaluate the radiological impact (dose commitment) of the release materials on the environment. The model plant processes 10,000 metric tons of uranium per year. Base-case waste treatment is the minimum necessary to operate the process. Effluents meet the radiological requirements listed in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 20 (10 CFR 20), Appendix B, Table II, but may not be acceptable chemically at all sites. Additional radwaste treatment techniques are applied to the base-case plant in a series of case studies to decrease the amounts of radioactive materials released and to reduce the amounts of radioactive materials released and to reduce the radiological dose commitment to the population in the surrounding area. The costs for the added waste treatment operations and the corresponding dose committment are correlated with the annual cost for treatment of the radwastes. The status of the radwaste treatment methods used in the case studies is discussed. Much of the technology used in the advanced cases will require development and demonstration, or else is proprietary and unavailable for immediate use. The methodology and assumptions for the radiological doses are found in ORNL-4992.

  18. Target 4 Flight Path 90L (FIRE House) Target 4 Flight Path 90L, the FIRE house (Fission Ratio Experiment), is primarily used for fission cross section measurements. Instruments used on the flight path are fission chambers and the fission Time Projection Chamber (TPC). The TPC is being developed by the Neutron Induced Fission Fragment Experiment (NIFFTE) collaboration, and was designed to provide fission cross sections with unprecedented precision. It is also a powerful tool for other types of fission studies, such as ternary fission research.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    User Guide Nuclear Science Research Facilities Nuclear Science User Guide Table of Contents Introduction 3 Nuclear Science Research Facilities 3 The LANSCE Accelerator 4 Time structure of the LANSCE beam 5 Target 1 5 Target-4 6 Target-2 7 Beam transport 7 Sole use operation 8 Time-of flight techniques 8 Nuclear Science User Program 11 Proposal Process 13 Information for Prospective Users 14 Overview of Flight Paths 17 Flight Path Descriptions 23 WNR Target-4 4FP60R GEANIE - Gamma-Ray Studies 25

  19. Method of separating bacteria from free living amoebae

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tyndall, Richard L.

    1994-01-01

    New protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. Consortia and bacteria isolated therefrom are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. Consortia, bacteria isolated therefrom, and dispersants isolated therefrom are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

  20. Method of dispersing a hydrocarbon using bacteria

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tyndall, Richard L.

    1996-01-01

    New protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. Consortia and bacteria isolated therefrom are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. Consortia, bacteria isolated therefrom, and dispersants isolated therefrom are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

  1. Bacteria isolated from amoebae/bacteria consortium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tyndall, R.L.

    1995-05-30

    New protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. Consortia and bacteria isolated therefrom are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. Consortia, bacteria isolated therefrom, and dispersants isolated therefrom are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

  2. Bacteria isolated from amoebae/bacteria consortium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tyndall, Richard L.

    1995-01-01

    New protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. Consortia and bacteria isolated therefrom are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. Consortia, bacteria isolated therefrom, and dispersants isolated therefrom are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

  3. Commercial and institutional kitchen exhaust systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGuire, A.B. )

    1993-05-01

    This article addresses design requirements for commercial and institutional kitchen exhaust systems. The topics of the article include design considerations, toilet exhaust, dishwasher exhaust, grease hood exhaust, codes and standards, design concerns, common problems, and fire suppression. A side bar on ducts, plenums and housings is also included.

  4. Method of dispersing a hydrocarbon using bacteria

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tyndall, R.L.

    1996-09-24

    A new protozoan derived microbial consortia and method for their isolation are provided. The isolated consortia and bacteria are useful for treating wastes such as trichloroethylene and trinitrotoluene. The isolated consortia, bacteria, and dispersants are useful for dispersing hydrocarbons such as oil, creosote, wax, and grease.

  5. Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Annual Report 2002-2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polacek, Matt; Knuttgen, Kamia; Shipley, Rochelle

    2003-11-01

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife implemented the Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Project (BLFEP) in September 2001 with funds from the Bonneville Power Administration. Fiscal Year (FY) 2001 of the BLFEP was used to gather historic information, establish methods and protocols, collect limnology data, and conduct the first seasonal fish surveys. FY 2002 was used to continue seasonal fish and lakewide creel surveys and adjust methods and protocols as needed. Water quality parameters were collected monthly from February to May and bi-monthly from June to August. Banks Lake water temperatures began to increase in April and stratification was apparent by June at all 3 limnology collection sites. By late August, the thermocline had dropped to nearly 20 meters deep, with 16-17 C temperatures throughout the epilimnion. Dissolved oxygen levels were generally above 10 mg/L until August when dissolved oxygen dropped near or below 5 mg/L below 20-meters deep. Secchi depths ranged from 2.5-8 meters and varied by location and date. Nearshore and offshore fish surveys were conducted in October 2002 and May and July 2003 using boat electrofishing, fyke net, gill net, and hydroacoustic surveys. Yellow Perch Perca flavescens (32 %) and cottid spp. (22 %) dominated the nearshore species composition in October; however, by May yellow perch (12 %) were the third most common species followed by smallmouth bass Micropterous dolomieui (34 %) and lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis (14 %). Lake whitefish dominated the offshore catch during October (78 %) and May (81 %). Fish diet analysis indicated that juvenile fishes consumed primarily insects and zooplankton, while adult piscivores consumed cottids spp. and yellow perch most frequently. For FY 2002, the following creel statistics are comprehensive through August 31, 2003. The highest angling pressure occurred in June 2003, when anglers were primarily targeting walleye and smallmouth bass. Boat anglers utilized Steamboat State Park more frequently than any other boat ramp on Banks Lake. Shore anglers used the rock jetty at Coulee City Park 76 % of the time, with highest use occurring from November through April. An estimated total of 11,915 ({+-}140 SD) smallmouth bass, 6,412 ({+-}59 SD) walleye, 5,470 ({+-}260 SD) rainbow trout, and 1,949 ({+-}118 SD) yellow perch were harvested from Banks Lake in FY 2002. Only 3 kokanee were reported in the catch during the FY 2002 creel survey. In the future, data from the seasonal surveys and creel will be used to identify potential factors that may limit the production and harvest of kokanee, rainbow trout, and various spiny-rayed fishes in Banks Lake. The limiting factors that will be examined consist of: abiotic factors including water temperature, dissolved oxygen levels, habitat, exploitation and entrainment; and biotic factors including food limitation and predation. The BLFEP will also evaluate the success of several rearing and stocking strategies for hatchery kokanee in Banks Lake.

  6. American Environmental Products | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    daylight. Some people like yellow some people like blue. I have worked under yellow, brown, white, and blue lights. I personally find white to be right. One can easily see what...

  7. Shedding new light on LEDs | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    thing they aren't very good at: efficiently emitting light in the yellow-green spectrum. ... of LED lights in order to build highly efficient LEDs in the yellow-green spectrum. ...

  8. Method of forming structural heliostat

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Alfred J.

    1984-06-26

    In forming a heliostat having a main support structure and pivoting and tilting motors and gears and a mirror module for reflecting solar energy onto a collector, the improvement characterized by a method of forming the mirror module in which the mirror is laid upon a solid rigid supporting bed in one or more sections, with or without focusing; a mirror backing sheet is applied by first applying respective thin layers of silicone grease and, thereafter, progressively rolling application to eliminate air bubbles; followed by affixing of a substrate assembly to the mirror backing sheet to form a mirror module that does not curve because of thermally induced stresses and differential thermal expansion or contraction effects. The silicone grease also serves to dampen fluttering of the mirror and protect the mirror backside against adverse effects of the weather. Also disclosed are specific details of preferred embodiments.

  9. Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-28

    INL's patented, continuous-flow Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC) produces the highest ASTM-quality B-100 biodiesel from waste fats, oils, and greases at the site of waste generation. SSC delivers low-cost transportation fuel, avoids significant landfill costs for municipalities, and reduces potent methane and other emissions produced in landfills from these wastes. You can learn more about INL's energy research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  10. Opportunities for Biorenewables in Oil Refineries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marker, T.L.

    2005-12-19

    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential for using biorenewable feedstocks in oil refineries. Economic analyses were conducted, with support from process modeling and proof of principle experiments, to assess a variety of potential processes and configurations. The study considered two primary alternatives: the production of biodiesel and green diesel from vegetable oils and greases and opportunities for utilization of pyrolysis oil. The study identified a number of promising opportunities for biorenewables in existing or new refining operations.

  11. Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-01-01

    INL's patented, continuous-flow Supercritical/Solid Catalyst (SSC) produces the highest ASTM-quality B-100 biodiesel from waste fats, oils, and greases at the site of waste generation. SSC delivers low-cost transportation fuel, avoids significant landfill costs for municipalities, and reduces potent methane and other emissions produced in landfills from these wastes. You can learn more about INL's energy research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  12. Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufac- tured from new and used vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled res- taurant grease. Biodiesel's physical properties are similar to those of petroleum diesel, but it is a cleaner- burning renewable alternative. Using biodiesel in place of petroleum diesel significantly reduces lifecycle carbon emissions. Research shows that it also reduces emissions of toxic air pollut- ants in older on-road vehicles and in many off-road

  13. Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Project Annual Report : Fiscal Year 2008 (March 1, 2008 to February 1, 2009).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polacek, Matt

    2009-07-15

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife implemented the Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Project (BLFEP) in September 2001 with funds from the Bonneville Power Administration, and continued project tasks in 2008. The objective was to evaluate factors that could limit kokanee in Banks Lake, including water quality, prey availability, harvest, and acute predation during hatchery releases. Water quality parameters were collected twice monthly from March through November. Banks Lake water temperatures began to increase in May and stratification was apparent by July. By late August, the thermocline had dropped to 15 meters deep, with temperatures of 21-23 C in the epilimnion and 16-19 C in the hypolimnion. Dissolved oxygen levels were generally above 8 mg/L until August when they dropped near or below 5 mg/L deeper than 20-meters. Secchi depths ranged from 3.2 to 6.2 meters and varied spatially and temporally. Daphnia and copepod densities were the highest in May and June, reaching densities of 26 copepods/liter and 9 Daphnia/liter. Fish surveys were conducted in July and October 2008 using boat electrofishing, gill netting, and hydroacoustic surveys. Lake whitefish (71%) and yellow perch (16%) dominated the limnetic fish assemblage in the summer, while lake whitefish (46%) and walleye (22%) were the most abundant in gill net catch during the fall survey. Piscivore diets switched from crayfish prior to the release of rainbow trout to crayfish and rainbow trout following the release. The highest angling pressure occurred in May, when anglers were primarily targeting walleye and smallmouth bass. Boat anglers utilized Steamboat State Park more frequently than any other boat ramp on Banks Lake. Shore anglers used the rock jetty at Coulee City Park 45% of the time, with highest use occurring from November through April. Ice fishing occurred in January and February at the south end of the lake. An estimated total of 4,397 smallmouth bass, 11,106 walleye, 371 rainbow trout, and 509 yellow perch were harvested from Banks Lake in 2008. No kokanee were reported in the creel; however, local reports indicated that anglers were targeting and catching kokanee. The economic benefit of the Banks Lake fishery was estimated at $2,288,005 during 2008. Abundance estimates from the hydroacoustic survey in July were 514,435 lake whitefish and 10,662 kokanee, with an overall abundance estimate of 626,061 limnetic fish greater than 100 mm. When comparing spring fry, fall fingerling and yearling net pen release strategies of kokanee, 95% were of hatchery origin, with the highest recaptures coming from the fall fingerling release group.

  14. G:\\DOE F 4250.4.cdr

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ITEM NO. (A) File Copy (Original); Contractor Copy (Blue); Accounting Copy (Yellow); Accounting Copy (Green); Consigned Copy (Pink); Receiving Report Copy (Blue); Property Records ...

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of Environmental Management-Consolidated Business Center Office of Groundwater and Soil ... in both detectors as a result of contamination, yellowing, of the aerogel material. ...

  16. The perfect atom sandwich requires an extra layer > Archived...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Titanium atoms (yellow) preferentially bond with oxygen atoms (gray) and sit at the center of a complete octahedron, making it energetically more favorable for titanium to switch ...

  17. Techniques and Technologies for Field Detection of Asbestos Containing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Five technologies were selected for bench scale evaluation: Laser-Raman Spectroscopy Thiazol Yellow Dye-Fluorescence Technique Diffuse Reflectance Near-Infrared ...

  18. Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes:...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    radiation-induced damage is completely absorbed by the interface. blue: interface Cu gray: interface Nb yellow: high energy Cu atoms (including vacancies, interstitials, and the...

  19. Microsoft Word - VRM Notebook Draft 2008_9.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... sites, rights-of-way, recreation use, energy and mineral development. o If not ... Color Hues - red, yellow, brown, green Value - dark to light Chroma - brilliant, ...

  20. Special Topics and Data Reports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (HTML format) Yellow Arrow Energy Consumption and Expenditures (HTML format) adobe logo Download Acrobat Reader for viewing PDF files. Special Topics and Data Reports...

  1. SREL Reprint #3241

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Density and size class distribution of Yellow-bellied Sliders (Trachemys scripta scripta) inhabiting two barrier island wetlands Brett A. Degregorio, Andrew M. Grosse, and J....

  2. 01-05-1998 - Heater Malfunction | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Heater Malfunction Document Number: NA Effective Date: 01/1998 File (public): PDF icon 01-05-1998_yellow_alert

  3. Sacrificial Protective Coating Materials That Can Be Regenerated...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Among the various manufacturing processes employed across all U.S. industries, the process of ... A protective coating (yellow) on the polymer membrane will provide chemical and ...

  4. Advanced Notification of Awards (ANA) User Guide

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Waiting for Approval Yellow: Waiting for Modification Red: Rejected as Non- Reportable Blue: Approved Search Search for documents within the Active and Inactive Queues. The search...

  5. Quanlight | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Region: Southern CA Area Sector: Efficiency Product: Created high-power yellow-amber-red LED light technology Website: www.quanlight.com Coordinates: 32.721742,...

  6. Region Qinghai Dangshun Hydropower Development Co Ltd Qinghai...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Avenida De La Playa La Jolla California Efficiency Created high power yellow amber red LED light technology http www quanlight com Southern CA Area QuantaSol Limited...

  7. Multispectral Imaging | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ASTER imager utilizes 14 bands that cover portions of the visible (green, yellow, and red), near infrared (NIR), short wavelength infrared (SWIR), and long wavelength infrared...

  8. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Avenida De La Playa La Jolla California Efficiency Created high power yellow amber red LED light technology http www quanlight com Southern CA Area QuantaSol Limited...

  9. AIR SEPARATION BY PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION USING SUPERIOR ADSORBENTS

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    took a yellow color with dehydration at low temperatures, eventually becoming brick red after treatment at higher temperatures. Further 12 information can be found in a...

  10. Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-6-2014_Imaging Techniques Applied to...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Figure 2: Cross-polarized light image of Marcellus Shale with prominent mica grain (red arrow). Also contains abundant illite, along with pyrite nodules (yellow arrows), silt,...

  11. NREL: Energy Sciences - Solid-State Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Printable Version Solid-State Theory Image showing a roughly spherical red shape that looks like an apple that is floating within a yellow hemispherical shell....

  12. Science Highlights | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    ... The light energy collected by the proteins (green) extracts electrons from an electrode (orangey red) through long molecules (yellow) under the proteins. 12.14.15Science Highlight ...

  13. Wilcox County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Wilcox County, Alabama Camden, Alabama Oak Hill, Alabama Pine Apple, Alabama Pine Hill, Alabama Yellow Bluff, Alabama Retrieved from "http:...

  14. Radiological Worker Training Power Point Slides for App. A

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Individual Annual Limit General Employee: Whole Body (internal and external) 5.0 rem " " ... Overhead 2.23 Signs * Yellow background * Black or magenta radiation symbol * Clear and ...

  15. 'Lollachilipalooza' benefits Feds Feed Families effort | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    'Lollachilipalooza' benefits Feds Feed Families effort Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman led his band, "Yellow Cake," at "Lollachilipalooza" today to benefit DOE's 2014 ...

  16. Performance of the Two Aerogel Cherenkov Detectors of the JLab...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    in both detectors as a result of contamination, yellowing, of the aerogel material. ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY ...

  17. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The yellow soils caused a greater attenuation in a specific region of the spectrum ... and development efforts attempting to collect a wider fraction of the available spectrum. ...

  18. Robotic Arm Back to Work at Hanford | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    its associated cutting equipment were removed from the tank and encased in a yellow plastic sleeve to prevent the potential spread of contamination. In December 2010, workers...

  19. 01-07-2002 - Steam Valve Near-Miss | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7-2002 - Steam Valve Near-Miss Document Number: NA Effective Date: 012002 File (public): PDF icon 01-07-2002yellow...

  20. Structure of XC6422 from Xanthomonas campestris at 1.6 Å resolution...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    XC6422 is a conserved hypothetical protein from Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc), a Gram-negative yellow-pigmented pathogenic bacterium that causes black rot, one ...

  1. 01-06-2000 - Use of Non-approved Electronic Equipment in a Class I,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Division 2 Hazardous Location | The Ames Laboratory 6-2000 - Use of Non-approved Electronic Equipment in a Class I, Division 2 Hazardous Location Document Number: NA Effective Date: 01/2000 File (public): PDF icon 01-06-2000_yellow_alert.pdf Lessons Learned Type: Yellow

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.4 Environmental Data

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    2 Characteristics of U.S. Construction Waste - Two to seven tons of waste (a rough average of 4 pounds of waste per square foot) are generated during the construction of a new single-family detached house. - 15 to 70 pounds of hazardous waste are generated during the construction of a detached, single-family house. Hazardous wastes include paint, caulk, roofing cement, aerosols, solvents, adhesives, oils, and greases. - Each year, U.S. builders produce between 30 and 35 million tons of

  3. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Biofuels, Blackgold" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything1 Electronic Full Text1 Citations0 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject anaerobic digestion (1) biodiesel (1) biofuel (1) biomass fuels brown grease (1) trap waste (1) wastewater (1)

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "San Francisco Public Utilities Commission" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything2 Electronic Full Text1 Citations1 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject anaerobic digestion (1) biodiesel (1) biofuel (1) biomass fuels brown grease (1)

  5. pH Meter probe assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, C.J.

    1983-11-15

    An assembly for mounting a pH probe in a flowing solution, such as a sanitary sewer line, which prevents the sensitive glass portion of the probe from becoming coated with grease, oil, and other contaminants, whereby the probe gives reliable pH indication over an extended period of time. The pH probe assembly utilizes a special filter media and a timed back-rinse feature for flushing clear surface contaminants of the filter. The flushing liquid is of a known pH and is utilized to check performance of the probe. 1 fig.

  6. pH Meter probe assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Charles J.

    1983-01-01

    An assembly for mounting a pH probe in a flowing solution, such as a sanitary sewer line, which prevents the sensitive glass portion of the probe from becoming coated with grease, oil, and other contaminants, whereby the probe gives reliable pH indication over an extended period of time. The pH probe assembly utilizes a special filter media and a timed back-rinse feature for flushing clear surface contaminants of the filter. The flushing liquid is of a known pH and is utilized to check performance of the probe.

  7. CRC handbook of lubrication. Theory and practice of tribology: Volume II: Theory and design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booser, E.R.

    1984-01-01

    This handbook covers the general area of lubrication and tribology in all its facets: friction, wear lubricants (liquid, solid, and gas), greases, lubrication principles, applications to various mechanisms, design principles of devices incorporating lubrication, maintenance, lubrication scheduling, and standardized tests; as well as environmental problems and conservation. The information contained in these two volumes will aid in achieving effective lubrication for control of friction and wear, and is another step to improve understanding of the complex factors involved in tribology. Both metric and English units are provided throughout both volumes.

  8. Bio-composite Nonwoven Media Based on Chitosan and Empty Fruit Bunches for Wastewater Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sadikin, Aziatul Niza; Nawawi, Mohd Ghazali Mohd; Othman, Norasikin

    2011-01-17

    Fibrous filter media in the form of non-woven filters have been used extensively in water treatment as pre-filters or to support the medium that does the separation. Lignocellulosic such as empty fruit bunches have potential to be used as a low cost filter media as they represent unused resources, widely available and are environmentally friendly. Laboratory filtration tests were performed to investigate the potential application of empty fruit bunches that enriched with chitosan as a fiber filter media to remove suspended solids, oil and grease, and organics in terms of chemical oxygen demand from palm oil mill effluent. The present paper studies the effect of chitosan concentration on the filter media performance. Bench-scaled experiment results indicated that pre-treatment using the fiber filtration system removed up to 67.3% of total suspended solid, 65.1% of oil and grease and 46.1% of chemical oxygen demand. The results show that the lignocellulosic fiber filter could be a potential technology for primary wastewater treatment.

  9. Investigation of Thermal Interface Materials Using Phase-Sensitive Transient Thermoreflectance Technique: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, X.; King, C.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S.

    2014-08-01

    With increasing power density in electronics packages/modules, thermal resistances at multiple interfaces are a bottleneck to efficient heat removal from the package. In this work, the performance of thermal interface materials such as grease, thermoplastic adhesives and diffusion-bonded interfaces are characterized using the phase-sensitive transient thermoreflectance technique. A multi-layer heat conduction model was constructed and theoretical solutions were derived to obtain the relation between phase lag and the thermal/physical properties. This technique enables simultaneous extraction of the contact resistance and bulk thermal conductivity of the TIMs. With the measurements, the bulk thermal conductivity of Dow TC-5022 thermal grease (70 to 75 um bondline thickness) was 3 to 5 W/(m-K) and the contact resistance was 5 to 10 mm2-K/W. For the Btech thermoplastic material (45 to 80 μm bondline thickness), the bulk thermal conductivity was 20 to 50 W/(m-K) and the contact resistance was 2 to 5 mm2-K/W. Measurements were also conducted to quantify the thermal performance of diffusion-bonded interface for power electronics applications. Results with the diffusion-bonded sample showed that the interfacial thermal resistance is more than one order of magnitude lower than those of traditional TIMs, suggesting potential pathways to efficient thermal management.

  10. Center for Inverse Design Home Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The model is of the perovskite structure of CaTiO3. The atoms are color-coded as follows: red oxygen, yellow calcium, and green titanium. About the Center Approach ...

  11. Green Button Applications | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gazette We have the right of way when the light is green and we have the green turn signal VDOT needs to paint yellow stripes on the asphalt on either .... Press the menu...

  12. MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs Print Friday, 27 February 2015 17:11 Hu et al. designed a new yellow phosphor with high...

  13. Directions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    From Washington National: Yellow Metro line towards Fort Totten, transfer at Gallery Place-China Town to the red line, direction Shady Grove. express bus 100 External link to ...

  14. Seminar Series | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tristram Kidder Ancient Lessons for Modern Times: An Environmental History of the Yellow River, China, 5000-2000 BC Read more about Dr. Tristram Kidder November 11, 2015 Donald Ort ...

  15. Microsoft Word - S04816_InvestigationPlan.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... S0481600 December 2008 Page B-8 Jersey Avenue, looking south, about 80 feet north of the manhole, gas line shutoff valve located at yellow cover plate Jersey Avenue, looking south, ...

  16. Scientists use plasma shaping to control turbulence in stellarators...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    regions of the highest strength shown in yellow. The MPX design is named for coauthors Harry Mynick and Neil Pomphrey of PPPL and Pavlos Xanthopoulos of the Max Planck Institute...

  17. Optical manifold

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falicoff, Waqidi; Chaves, Julio C.; Minano, Juan Carlos; Benitez, Pablo; Dross, Oliver; Parkyn, Jr., William A.

    2010-02-23

    Optical systems are described that have at least one source of a beam of blue light with divergence under 15.degree.. A phosphor emits yellow light when excited by the blue light. A collimator is disposed with the phosphor and forms a yellow beam with divergence under 15.degree.. A dichroic filter is positioned to transmit the beam of blue light to the phosphor and to reflect the beam of yellow light to an exit aperture. In different embodiments, the beams of blue and yellow light are incident upon said filter with central angles of 15.degree., 22.degree., and 45.degree.. The filter may reflect all of one polarization and part of the other polarization, and a polarization rotating retroreflector may then be provided to return the unreflected light to the filter.

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing expected to actual energy ...

  19. NREL: Biomass Research - Capabilities in Integrated Biorefinery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. Department of Energy. A yellow ladder is connected to the side of the right tank. A man at the far end of the room examines the pipes that lead to the tanks. In the...

  20. Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in yellow merged with KirBac1.1 transmembrane region's backbone and surface in gray. The gate forming tip of the G-loop, amino acids 304-306, is highlighted in red. The...

  1. Microsoft Word - Kir.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in yellow merged with KirBac1.1 transmembrane region's backbone and surface in gray. The gate forming tip of the G- loop, amino acids 304-306, is highlighted in red....

  2. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/stordisp.htm

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Your local yellow pages or state environmental agency may have a more in depth listing. EPA'S Where You Live web page links to many state environmental agencies. As of July 2010 ...

  3. One Vaccine Leads to Another

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    loop is shown in orange). The mutation at residue 52 is shown in yellow for DT and in grey for CRM197. The magenta spheres represent the last visible residues of the disordered...

  4. The Recovery Act is "Lighting Up" the streets of Philadelphia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Philadelphia Streets Department is converting 58,000 yellow and green traffic signals and will replace approximately 27,000 red LED lights that have come to the end of their useful life. The...

  5. 01-04-1999 - PCB Container Event in the PCB Storage Facility | The Ames

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory 4-1999 - PCB Container Event in the PCB Storage Facility Document Number: NA Effective Date: 01/1999 File (public): PDF icon 01-04-1999_yellow_alert

  6. 01-05-1998 - Fall From Ladder Results in Fractured Vertebra | The Ames

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Fall From Ladder Results in Fractured Vertebra Document Number: NA Effective Date: 01/1998 File (public): PDF icon 01-05-1998_yellow_alert(2)

  7. Science in St. Louis | Dr. Tristram R. Kidder | Photosynthetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tristram R. Kidder Ancient Lessons for Modern Times: An Environmental History of the Yellow River, China, 5000-2000 BC November 10, 2015 - 7:00pm Mid-County Branch, St. Louis ...

  8. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing...

  9. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    different from expected red and yellow lights or approximately the same as expected green light Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing...

  10. Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing...

  11. Operations and Maintenance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Soft Costs Operations and Maintenance Operations and Maintenance Photo of a man, wearing a yellow hard hat, looking at a wall with panels and wires mounted to it. Lower ...

  12. EVMS Training Snippet Library: 6.2 Applied Predictive Analysis...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Notes More Documents & Publications EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report EVMS Training Snippet: 6.1 Predictive Analysis EVMS Training Snippet: 5.1...

  13. Property:Incentive/Amt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    19-211unit
    LED or Induction HE Garage: 43-483unit
    LED Traffic (Red, Yellow, Green): 19unit
    LED Traffic (Pedestrian): 7unit
    Occupancy...

  14. Fuel Economy Coach | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    driving performance - green means you are doing well, yellow means you are average and red means you are being inefficient. An audible tone will be played by the app when you are...

  15. CX-005017: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Olallie, Yellow Lake, Sea Lea Hill Wireless Communication ProjectsCX(s) Applied: B1.7, B1.19Date: 01/05/2011Location(s): King County, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  16. Stockpile Stewardship Q

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... The shape of N131119 was characteristic of many of the high energy high-foot shots. ... implosions (CH HF, in green), and high-density carbon 2-shock implosion (HDC, in yellow). ...

  17. EERE Success Story-SunShot-funded Advanced Inverter Testing Enables...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... review velocity (blue) and turbulence (yellow) in a simulation of the Lillgrund Wind Farm in Denmark, in the Visualization Lab in the ESIF at the National Renewable Energy Lab. ...

  18. Radiological Worker Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... could exceed an equivalent dose to the whole body of 1 rem in any 1 hour at 30 cm from ... radiation symbol colored magenta or black on a yellow background. 2. Signs shall be ...

  19. Radiological Worker Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... receiving an equivalent dose to the whole body in excess of 0.1 rem (100 mrem), but ... radiation symbol colored magenta (or black) on a yellow background, reading: ...

  20. Radiological Worker Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... could exceed an equivalent dose to the whole body of 0.1 rem in any one hour at 30 ... for signs: Yellow background Black or magenta radiation symbol Clear and ...

  1. General Employee Radiological Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Tags and labels with a yellow background and either a magenta or black standard radiation ... This is typically done by either using an apparatus (e.g., whole body counter) to detect ...

  2. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on its surface. Inset: Three-dimensional schematic of the cone-shaped surface band structure. The spin states (yellow arrows) indicate that electrons on the surface won't...

  3. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and (4) Coastal convection. ARM sites: D Darwin, M Manus, N Nauru). Plot color scheme: yellow is cold, blue is warm. 1 2 3 4 M M N N D D 6 December, 2005, 5:30 GMT 6...

  4. 1992 CBECS Detailed Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (8 pages, 49 KB) -- 3.27, 3.28 -- -- -- Yellow Arrow Peak Demand Intensity and Load Factoring (percentile) (4 pages, 26 KB) -- 3.29 -- -- -- Specific questions on these topics...

  5. EECBG Success Story: Recovery Act is "Lighting Up" the Streets of Philadelphia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Philadelphia Streets Department is converting 58,000 yellow and green traffic signals and will replace approximately 27,000 red LED lights that have come to the end of their useful life. Learn more.

  6. RHIC Polarized proton performance in run-8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montag,C.; Bai, M.; MacKay, W.W.; Roser, T.; Abreu, N.; Ahrens, L.; Barton, D.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Brown, K.A.; Bruno, D.; Bunce, G.; Calaga, R.; Cameron, P.; Connolly, R.; D'Ottavio, T.; Drees, A.; Fedotov, A.V.; Fischer, W.; Ganetis, G.; Gardner, C.; Glenn, J.; Hayes, T.; Huang, H.; Ingrassia, P.; Kayran, D.A.; Kewisch, J.; Lee, R.C.; Lin, F.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Luccio, A.U.; Luo, Y.; Makdisi, Y.; Malitsky, N.; Marr, G.; Marusic, A.; Michnoff, R.; Morris, J.; Oerter, B.; Pilat, F.; Pile, P.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; Russo, T.; Satogata, T.; Schultheiss, C.; Sivertz, M.; Smith, K.; Tepikian, S.; D. Trbojevic, D.; Tsoupas, N.; Tuozzolo, J.; Zaltsman, A.; Zelenski, A.; Zeno, K.; Zhang, S.Y.

    2008-10-06

    During Run-8, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) provided collisions of spin-polarized proton beams at two interaction regions. Physics data were taken with vertical orientation of the beam polarization, which in the 'Yellow' RHIC ring was significantly lower than in previous years. We present recent developments and improvements as well as the luminosity and polarization performance achieved during Run-8, and we discuss possible causes of the not as high as previously achieved polarization performance of the 'Yellow' ring.

  7. Automated Image Analysis of Fibers - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Startup America Startup America Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Automated Image Analysis of Fibers Automatic Nanofiber Characterization and Recognition Software Argonne National Laboratory Contact ANL About This Technology Image with recognized fiber edges<br /> <br /> Diameter - Measure between each yellow and red tail. Image with recognized fiber edges Diameter - Measure between each yellow

  8. Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 562: Waste Systems, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2011-04-30

    This Corrective Action Plan has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 562, Waste Systems, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (1996; as amended March 2010). CAU 562 consists of 13 Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 2, 23, and 25 of the Nevada National Security Site. Site characterization activities were performed in 2009 and 2010, and the results are presented in Appendix A of the Corrective Action Decision Document for CAU 562. The scope of work required to implement the recommended closure alternatives is summarized. (1) CAS 02-26-11, Lead Shot, will be clean closed by removing shot. (2) CAS 02-44-02, Paint Spills and French Drain, will be clean closed by removing paint and contaminated soil. As a best management practice (BMP), asbestos tile will be removed. (3) CAS 02-59-01, Septic System, will be clean closed by removing septic tank contents. As a BMP, the septic tank will be removed. (4) CAS 02-60-01, Concrete Drain, contains no contaminants of concern (COCs) above action levels. No further action is required; however, as a BMP, the concrete drain will be removed. (5) CAS 02-60-02, French Drain, was clean closed. Corrective actions were completed during corrective action investigation activities. As a BMP, the drain grates and drain pipe will be removed. (6) CAS 02-60-03, Steam Cleaning Drain, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil. As a BMP, the steam cleaning sump grate and outfall pipe will be removed. (7) CAS 02-60-04, French Drain, was clean closed. Corrective actions were completed during corrective action investigation activities. (8) CAS 02-60-05, French Drain, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil. (9) CAS 02-60-06, French Drain, contains no COCs above action levels. No further action is required. (10) CAS 02-60-07, French Drain, requires no further action. The french drain identified in historical documentation was not located during corrective action investigation activities. (11) CAS 23-60-01, Mud Trap Drain and Outfall, will be clean closed by removing sediment from the mud trap. As a BMP, the mud trap and outfall pipe will be removed. (12) CAS 23-99-06, Grease Trap, will be clean closed by removing sediment from the grease trap and backfilling the grease trap with grout. (13) CAS 25-60-04, Building 3123 Outfalls, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil and the sludge-containing outfall pipe.

  9. ARRANGEMENT FOR REPLACING FILTERS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blomgren, R.A.; Bohlin, N.J.C.

    1957-08-27

    An improved filtered air exhaust system which may be continually operated during the replacement of the filters without the escape of unfiltered air is described. This is accomplished by hermetically sealing the box like filter containers in a rectangular tunnel with neoprene covered sponge rubber sealing rings coated with a silicone impregnated pneumatic grease. The tunnel through which the filters are pushed is normal to the exhaust air duct. A number of unused filters are in line behind the filters in use, and are moved by a hydraulic ram so that a fresh filter is positioned in the air duct. The used filter is pushed into a waiting receptacle and is suitably disposed. This device permits a rapid and safe replacement of a radiation contaminated filter without interruption to the normal flow of exhaust air.

  10. Biodiesel research progress 1992-1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyson, K.S.

    1998-04-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fuels Development began evaluating the potential of various alternative fuels, including biodiesel, as replacement fuels for traditional transportation fuels. Biodiesel is derived from a variety of biological materials from waste vegetable grease to soybean oil. This alkyl ester could be used as a replacement, blend, or additive to diesel fuel. This document is a comprehensive summary of relevant biodiesel and biodiesel-related research, development demonstration, and commercialization projects completed and/or started in the US between 1992 and 1997. It was designed for use as a reference tool to the evaluating biodiesel`s potential as a clean-burning alternative motor fuel. It encompasses, federally, academically, and privately funded projects. Research projects are presented under the following topical sections: Production; Fuel characteristics; Engine data; Regulatory and legislative activities; Commercialization activities; Economics and environment; and Outreach and education.

  11. Method of making alkyl esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Brian

    2010-09-14

    Methods of making alkyl esters are described herein. The methods are capable of using raw, unprocessed, low-cost feedstocks and waste grease. Generally, the method involves converting a glyceride source to a fatty acid composition and esterifying the fatty acid composition to make alkyl esters. In an embodiment, a method of making alkyl esters comprises providing a glyceride source. The method further comprises converting the glyceride source to a fatty acid composition comprising free fatty acids and less than about 1% glyceride by mass. Moreover, the method comprises esterifying the fatty acid composition in the presence of a solid acid catalyst at a temperature ranging firm about 70.degree. C. to about 120.degree. C. to produce alkyl esters, such that at least 85% of the free fatty acids are converted to alkyl esters. The method also incorporates the use of packed bed reactors for glyceride conversion and/or fatty acid esterification to make alkyl esters.

  12. Optical coupler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Weisenberger, Andrew G.

    2004-06-15

    In a camera or similar radiation sensitive device comprising a pixilated scintillation layer, a light guide and an array of position sensitive photomultiplier tubes, wherein there exists so-called dead space between adjacent photomultiplier tubes the improvement comprising a two part light guide comprising a first planar light spreading layer or portion having a first surface that addresses the scintillation layer and optically coupled thereto at a second surface that addresses the photomultiplier tubes, a second layer or portion comprising an array of trapezoidal light collectors defining gaps that span said dead space and are individually optically coupled to individual position sensitive photomultiplier tubes. According to a preferred embodiment, coupling of the trapezoidal light collectors to the position sensitive photomultiplier tubes is accomplished using an optical grease having about the same refractive index as the material of construction of the two part light guide.

  13. NREL Research on Converting Biomass to Liquid Fuels

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    Unlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called "biofuels," to help meet transportation fuel needs. The two most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) scientists are developing technology to allow it to be made from cellulose and hemicellulose, the fibrous material that makes up the bulk of most plant matter. Biodiesel is made by combining alcohol (usually methanol) with vegetable oil, animal fat, or recycled cooking grease. It can be used as an additive (typically 20%) to reduce vehicle emissions or in its pure form as a renewable alternative fuel for diesel engines. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biofuels.html

  14. Compact, high-resolution, gamma ray imaging for scintimammography and other medical diagostic applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Weisenberger, Andrew G.; Wojcik, Randolph F.; Steinbach, Daniela

    1999-01-01

    A high resolution gamma ray imaging device includes an aluminum housing, a lead screen collimator at an opened end of the housing, a crystal scintillator array mounted behind the lead screen collimator, a foam layer between the lead screen collimator and the crystal scintillator array, a photomultiplier window coupled to the crystal with optical coupling grease, a photomultiplier having a dynode chain body and a base voltage divider with anodes, anode wire amplifiers each connected to four anodes and a multi pin connector having pin connections to each anode wire amplifier. In one embodiment the crystal scintillator array includes a yttrium aluminum perovskite (YAP) crystal array. In an alternate embodiment, the crystal scintillator array includes a gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (GSO) crystal array.

  15. Contaminant trap for gas-insulated apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adcock, James L.; Pace, Marshall O.; Christophorou, Loucas G.

    1984-01-01

    A contaminant trap for a gas-insulated electrical conductor is provided. A resinous dielectric body such as Kel-F wax, grease or other sticky polymeric or oligomeric compound is disposed on the inside wall of the outer housing for the conductor. The resinous body is sufficiently sticky at ambient temperatures to immobilize contaminant particles in the insulating gas on the exposed surfaces thereof. An electric resistance heating element is disposed in the resinous body to selectively raise the temperature of the resinous body to a molten state so that the contaminant particles collected on the surface of the body sink into the body so that the surface of the resinous body is renewed to a particle-less condition and, when cooled, returns to a sticky collecting surface.

  16. Innovative filter polishes oil refinery wastewater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, J.; Finkler, M.

    1982-07-01

    Describes how, after extensive testing of 4 different treatment techniques, a Hydro Clear rapid sand filter was installed at the Sohio oil refinery in Toledo, Ohio. This filtration system has proven to be more cost-effective than conventional approaches. The system handles the refinery's wastewater flow of 10.3 mgd. With the aid of the polishing filter, readily meets the NPDES permit limitations. The Toledo refinery is a highly integrated petroleum processing complex. It processes 127,000 barrels per day of crude oil, including 40,000 barrels per day of sour crude. Tables give dissolved air flotation performance data; biological system performance data; filter performance data; and refinery waste treatment unit compared with NPDES-BPT limitations. Diagram shows the Sohio refinery wastewater treatment facility. Through a separate backwash treatment system complete control is brought to the suspended solids in the effluent which also tends to control chemical oxygen demand and oil/grease levels.

  17. Performance of MOV Stem Lubricants at Elevated Temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeWall, Kevin George; Nitzel, Michael Everett; Watkins, John Clifford

    2001-07-01

    This paper documents the results of recent tests sponsored by the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and performed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). These tests address the effectiveness of the lubricant used on the threaded portion of the valve stem, where the stem nut turns on the stem. Recent testing indicates that an elevated temperature environment can lead to significant increases in the friction coefficient at the stem/stem-nut interface. Most valve actuator qualification tests are performed at room temperature. Similarly, in-service tests are run at ambient plant temperatures, usually 70 to 100F. Since design conditions can lead to valve operating temperatures in the 200 to 300F range, it is important to know whether a temperature-induced increase in friction at the stem/stem-nut interface will prevent the required operation of critical valves. Lubricant aging is another phenomenon that might have deleterious effects on the thrust output of a valve actuator. Laboratory experience and field experience both indicate that after long periods in elevated temperature environments, the lubricants may lose their lubrication qualities. The scope of the current test program includes testing of five different lubricants on four different valve stems. Pending completion of the testing, results of the tests conducted using two of the four stems are discussed. The test series included collection of baseline data at room temperature, single step temperature tests where the temperature of the test setup was elevated directly to 250F, and step testing where the temperature was elevated in steps to 130, 190, and 250F, then returned to 70F. All greases tested showed evidence of physical change after elevated temperature tests. Except for one particular lubricant, all of the greases tested showed increased coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures. Numerous other preliminary conclusions are presented. Recommendations for future research in the area of aged valve stem lubricant performance at elevated temperatures are also presented.

  18. Evaluation of aqueous degreasers versus chlorinated solvents at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunn, D.

    1988-10-31

    Spent chlorinated solvents are produced mainly as a result of degreasing operations at several Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) locations. This waste is a listed hazardous waste under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations (40 CFR 261). In addition, some of the solvents become contaminated with uranium which classifies the waste as a mixed waste for which no disposal method is currently available. Due to health and environmental concerns and the desire to minimize mixed and hazardous waste generation, degreasing operations in the plant were delineated and alternate nonhazardous solvents were evaluated for their suitability for replacing the chlorinated solvents. Metal cleanliness testing of eight aqueous degreasers using ultrasonic cleaning and immersion with agitation, and vapor degreasing with trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TC-ane) was performed. Soils such as dust, fingerprints, lube oil, water-soluble oil, silicone grease, and petroleum-based grease were removed from Monel, copper, mild steel, aluminum, and phosphor bronze. Cleanliness was determined by estimating the surface energy of metal coupons before and after cleaning. A Kepner-Tregoe (KT) decision analysis was utilized to determine the three best multipurpose degreasers for the plant. Additional testing was performed on the top three selected degreasers to evaluate corrosive effects of the cleaning solutions (general surface corrosion and pitting), and to determine the compatability of any residual contamination with process gases. Corrosion testing was performed in an electrochemical corrosion tester. Cleaned coupons were exposed to uranium hexafluoride, fluorine, and chlorine trifluoride. In addition, metal cleanliness testing was conducted to evaluate the cleaning efficiency of parts cleaned in the field.

  19. MOX Fuel Presentation to Duke Board of Directors

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    PuO 2 with 95% depleted UO 2 - Like LEU fuel pellets, MOX fuel pellets are primarily uranium * Fission power comes primarily from plutonium (Pu 239 ) instead of uranium (U 235 )...

  20. Microsoft Word - 201-007658 - CS Public Comment draft 12Aug2014...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    It focuses primarily on a specific time frame - i.e., historical trends over the past few ... It focuses primarily on a specific time frame - i.e., historical trends over the few years ...

  1. New Insights Into a Functioning Mg-ion Cathode-Chevrel Phase Mo6S8 -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Joint Center for Energy Storage Research April 24, 2014, Research Highlights New Insights Into a Functioning Mg-ion Cathode-Chevrel Phase Mo6S8 An isosurface of the charge density difference between pristine Mo6S8 and the inclusion of a single Mg2+ intercalant (and accompanying 2 electrons). Colors: Yellow (cyan) indicates an increase (decrease) in electron density, the Mg atom is shown in orange, S yellow, Mo purple. Scientific Achievement First-principles analysis of the screening of Mg2+

  2. Microsoft Word - MsbA.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. Overall structure of MsbA in complex with ADP, vanadate, Mg 2+ and Ra lipopolysaccharide (LPS) : TMDs are blue and green, NBDs are pink and orange, ICD1 helix is in yellow, Ra LPS is magenta (oxygen in red, nitrogen in blue), and ADP vanadate is yellow (oxygen in red, nitrogen in blue). Structure of ABC Transporter MsbA in Complex with ATP*Vi and Lipopolysaccharide: Implications for Lipid Flipping Christopher L. Reyes and Geoffrey Chang* Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps

  3. MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs MOF Coating a Promising Path to White LEDs Print Friday, 27 February 2015 17:11 Hu et al. designed a new yellow phosphor with high quantum yield by immobilizing a preslected chromophore into the rigid framework of a metal-organic framework (MOF); the structure was determined at Beamline 11.3.1. Coating a blue light-emitting diode (LED) with this compound readily generates white light with high luminous efficacy. The new yellow phosphor demonstrates

  4. "Feds Feed Families" Events to Be Held at Department of Energy Facilities |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy "Feds Feed Families" Events to Be Held at Department of Energy Facilities "Feds Feed Families" Events to Be Held at Department of Energy Facilities August 4, 2011 - 9:23am Addthis Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and his band "Yellow Cake" at last year's Feds Feed Families event. | Energy Department photo Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and his band "Yellow Cake" at last year's Feds Feed Families event. | Energy Department photo

  5. Sustainable Endeavors | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy Product: Focused on commercialisation of renewable fuels, primarily biodiesel, lubricants, speciality chemicals and other biobased products...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    where the energy generated is used primarily at the electric customer's location (third... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential,...

  7. NEAC International Subcommittee Recommendations

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Subcommittee Recommendations December 2014 Background Externalities of nuclear power are major considerations in the international arena. These externalities are primarily...

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    generation where the energy generated is used primarily at the electric customer's location (third... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Nonprofit,...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    using Renewable Fuels Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Personal) The term "energy conservation measure" includes installations or modifications primarily...

  10. Visible light stimulating dual-wavelength emission and O vacancy involved energy transfer behavior in luminescence for coaxial nanocable arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Lei, E-mail: nanoyang@qq.com [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Hunan Province Key Laboratory for Spray Deposition Technology and Application, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Dong, Jiazhang; Jiang, Zhongcheng [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Pan, Anlian; Zhuang, Xiujuan [Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2014-06-14

    We report a strategy to investigate O vacancy (V{sub O}) involved energy transfer and dual-wavelength yellow emission in coaxial nanocable. By electric field deposition and subsequent sol-gel template approach, ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu coaxial nanocable arrays are synthesized. After visible light excitation, system is promoted to O vacancy charge transfer state of V{sub O}(0/+). In the following cross relaxation, energy transfer from V{sub O} to the excitation energy level of Tb{sup 3+} in ZnO:Tb core area. While in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu shell area, energy transfer to the excitation energy level of Eu{sup 3+}. Subsequently, dual-wavelength emission is observed. By constructing nanocable with dual-wavelength emission, yellow luminescence is obtained. Adjust doping concentration of Eu{sup 3+} or Tb{sup 3+} in the range of 0.010.05, chromaticity coordinates of ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu nanocable stably stays at yellow region in color space except ZnO:Tb{sub 0.01}/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sub 0.01}. As Vo states act as media in energy transfer process in nanocablers, visible light can stimulate dual-wavelength emissions. Yellow luminescent nanocable arrays will have great applications in light-emitting diode luminescence.

  11. Dr. Tristram Kidder | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Tristram Kidder November 12, 2015 Dr. Tristram Kidder Ancient Lessons for Modern Times: An Environmental History of the Yellow River, China, 5000-2000 BC Original Event Info: November 10, 2015 - 7:00pm Mid-County Branch, St. Louis County Library For more information visit: http://pages.wustl.edu/scienceinstlouis News/Media Seminar Series

  12. EXAFS 2016 - SSRL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Location The 7th Annual SSRL School on Synchrotron X-ray Scattering Techniques in Materials and Environmental Sciences: Theory and Application will he hosted by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Research Office Building (ROB) (see 30-B below in yellow circle). SLAC is located at 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Park CA 94025, USA PDF version of map available

  13. Thermochromic platinum complexes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kostic, Nenad M.; Zhou, Xia-Ying

    1990-05-29

    Thermochromic compounds containing the [Pt(dipic)Cl].sup.- anion. These compounds are yellow and monomeric at high temperatures or in low concentrations and abruptly change to red and polymeric at low temperatures or higher solution concentrations. This unusual property allows them to be used as temperature sensors.

  14. Thermochromic platinum complexes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kostic, Nenad M.; Zhou, Xia-Ying

    1989-08-15

    Thermochromic compounds containing the [Pt(dipic)Cl].sup.- anion. These compounds are yellow and monomeric at high temperatures or in low concentrations and abruptly change to red and polymeric at low temperatures or higher solution concentrations. This unusual property allows them to be used as temperature sensors.

  15. Lawrence Co. Scioto Co. Greenup Co. Jack

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LYNAM CR EEK MCGRAW-CBM TEAYS VALLEY DOT Y BRANCH ISLAN D CREEK RITC HIE GREEN GROVE WILL IAM SBU RG BEECH Y C REEK YELLOW CR EEK GROUN DHOG CREEK ST FK-BLST N CK SLAB F OR K-CBM ...

  16. Longitudinal impedance of RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J. M.; Mernick, K.

    2015-05-03

    The longitudinal impedance of the two RHIC rings has been measured using the effect of potential well distortion on longitudinal Schottky measurements. For the blue RHIC ring Im(Z/n) = 1.5±0.2Ω. For the yellow ring Im(Z/n) = 5.4±1Ω.

  17. ANAEROBIC BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF PRODUCED WATER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John R. Gallagher

    2001-07-31

    During the production of oil and gas, large amounts of water are brought to the surface and must be disposed of in an environmentally sensitive manner. This is an especially difficult problem in offshore production facilities where space is a major constraint. The chief regulatory criterion for produced water is oil and grease. Most facilities have little trouble meeting this criterion using conventional oil-water separation technologies. However, some operations have significant amounts of naphthenic acids in the water that behave as oil and grease but are not well removed by conventional technologies. Aerobic biological treatment of naphthenic acids in simulated-produced water has been demonstrated by others; however, the system was easily overloaded by the large amounts of low-molecular-weight organic acids often found in produced waters. The objective of this research was to determine the ability of an anaerobic biological system to treat these organic acids in a simulated produced water and to examine the potential for biodegradation of the naphthenic acids in the anaerobic environment. A small fixed-film anaerobic biological reactor was constructed and adapted to treat a simulated produced water. The bioreactor was tubular, with a low-density porous glass packing material. The inocula to the reactor was sediment from a produced-water holding pond from a municipal anaerobic digester and two salt-loving methanogenic bacteria. During start-up, the feed to the reactor contained glucose as well as typical produced-water components. When glucose was used, rapid gas production was observed. However, when glucose was eliminated and the major organic component was acetate, little gas was generated. Methane production from acetate may have been inhibited by the high salt concentrations, by sulfide, or because of the lack, despite seeding, of microbes capable of converting acetate to methane. Toluene, a minor component of the produced water (0.1 g/L) was removed in the reactor. Batch tests were conducted to examine naphthenic acid biodegradability under several conditions. The conditions used were seed from the anaerobic reactor, wetland sediments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and a sterile control. The naphthenic acid was from a commercial source isolated from Gulf Coast petroleum as was dosed at 2 mg/mL. The incubations were for 30 days at 30 C. The results showed that the naphthenic acids were not biodegraded under anaerobic conditions, but were degraded under aerobic conditions. Despite poor performance of the anaerobic reactor, it remains likely that anaerobic treatment of acetate, toluene, and, potentially, other produced-water components is feasible.

  18. PRECISION CLEANING OF SEMICONDUCTOR SURFACES USING CARBON DIOXIDE-BASED FLUIDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. RUBIN; L. SIVILS; A. BUSNAINA

    1999-07-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory, on behalf of the Hewlett-Packard Company, is conducting tests of a closed-loop CO{sub 2}-based supercritical fluid process, known as Supercritical CO{sub 2} Resist Remover (SCORR). We have shown that this treatment process is effective in removing hard-baked, ion-implanted photoresists, and appears to be fully compatible with metallization systems. We are now performing experiments on production wafers to assess not only photoresist removal, but also residual surface contamination due to particulate and trace metals. Dense-phase (liquid or supercritical) CO{sub 2}, since it is non-polar, acts like an organic solvent and therefore has an inherently high volubility for organic compounds such as oils and greases. Also, dense CO{sub 2} has a low-viscosity and a low dielectric constant. Finally, CO{sub 2} in the liquid and supercritical fluid states can solubilize metal completing agents and surfactants. This combination of properties has interesting implications for the removal not only of organic films, but also trace metals and inorganic particulate. In this paper we discuss the possibility of using CO{sub 2} as a precision-cleaning solvent, with particular emphasis on semiconductor surfaces.

  19. 3kW Stirling engine for power and heat production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorsen, J.E.; Bovin, J.; Carlsen, H.

    1996-12-31

    A new 3 kW Beta type Stirling engine has been developed. The engine uses Natural gas as fuel, and it is designed for use as a small combined heat and power plant for single family houses. The electrical power is supplied to the grid. The engine is made as a hermetic device, where the crank mechanism and the alternator are built into a pressurized crank casing. The engine produce 3 kW of shaft power corresponding to 2.4 kW of electric power. The heat input is 10 kW corresponding to a shaft efficiency of 30%, and an electric efficiency of 24%. Helium at 8 MPa mean pressure is used as working gas. The crank mechanism is a combination of an upper- and lower yoke, each forming the half of a Ross mechanism. The upper yoke is linked to the displacer piston and the lower yoke is linked to the working piston. The design gives an approximately linear couple point curve, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons and the need for X-heads. Grease lubricated needle and ball bearings are used in the kinematic crank mechanism. The burner includes an air preheater and a water jacket, which makes it possible to utilize nearly all of the heat from the combustion gases. The performance of the engine has been tested as a function of mean pressure and hot and cold temperature, and emissions and noise have been measured.

  20. Stress Intensity of Delamination in a Sintered-Silver Interconnection: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVoto, D. J.; Paret, P. P.; Wereszczak, A. A.

    2014-08-01

    In automotive power electronics packages, conventional thermal interface materials such as greases, gels, and phase-change materials pose bottlenecks to heat removal and are also associated with reliability concerns. The industry trend is toward high thermal performance bonded interfaces for large-area attachments. However, because of coefficient of thermal expansion mismatches between materials/layers and resultant thermomechanical stresses, adhesive and cohesive fractures could occur, posing a reliability problem. These defects manifest themselves in increased thermal resistance. This research aims to investigate and improve the thermal performance and reliability of sintered-silver for power electronics packaging applications. This has been experimentally accomplished by the synthesis of large-area bonded interfaces between metalized substrates and copper base plates that have subsequently been subjected to thermal cycles. A finite element model of crack initiation and propagation in these bonded interfaces will allow for the interpretation of degradation rates by a crack-velocity (V)-stress intensity factor (K) analysis. A description of the experiment and the modeling approach are discussed.

  1. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

    1987-10-06

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines. 3 figs.

  2. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

    1985-02-12

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

  3. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, John A.; Stone, Roger R.; Fabyan, Joseph

    1987-01-01

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

  4. Load responsive hydrodynamic bearing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kalsi, Manmohan S.; Somogyi, Dezso; Dietle, Lannie L.

    2002-01-01

    A load responsive hydrodynamic bearing is provided in the form of a thrust bearing or journal bearing for supporting, guiding and lubricating a relatively rotatable member to minimize wear thereof responsive to relative rotation under severe load. In the space between spaced relatively rotatable members and in the presence of a liquid or grease lubricant, one or more continuous ring shaped integral generally circular bearing bodies each define at least one dynamic surface and a plurality of support regions. Each of the support regions defines a static surface which is oriented in generally opposed relation with the dynamic surface for contact with one of the relatively rotatable members. A plurality of flexing regions are defined by the generally circular body of the bearing and are integral with and located between adjacent support regions. Each of the flexing regions has a first beam-like element being connected by an integral flexible hinge with one of the support regions and a second beam-like element having an integral flexible hinge connection with an adjacent support region. A least one local weakening geometry of the flexing region is located intermediate the first and second beam-like elements. In response to application of load from one of the relatively rotatable elements to the bearing, the beam-like elements and the local weakening geometry become flexed, causing the dynamic surface to deform and establish a hydrodynamic geometry for wedging lubricant into the dynamic interface.

  5. A Membrane Process for Industrial Water Treatment: From Bench to Pilot Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric S. Peterson; Bill Cleary; Michael Hackett; Jessica Trudeau

    2005-01-01

    A rotary membrane filtration system was used to separate die lubricant from a manufacturing wastewater stream consisting of various oils, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and silicones. The ultrafiltration membranes reduced organics from initial oil and grease contents by factors of 20 to 25, carbon oxygen demand by 1.5 to 2, and total organic carbon by 0.6, while the biological oxygen demand remained constant. The rotary membranes were not fouled as badly as static membranes, and the rotary membrane flux levels were consistently higher and more stable than those of the static membranes tested. Field testing demonstrated that the rotary ultrafilter can concentrate the die lubricant, remove the glycerin component, and produce a die lubricant suitable for in-plant recycling. The recycling system operated for 6 weeks with only seven cleaning cycles and no mechanical or electrical failures. Test data and quality records indicate that when recycled die lubricant was used, the die casting scrap was reduced from 8.4 to 7.8%. Rotary ultrafiltration presents significant opportunities that can be evaluated further.

  6. A Membrane Process for Recycling Die Lube from Wastewater Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric S. Peterson; Jessica Trudeau; Bill Cleary; Michael Hackett; William A. Greene

    2003-04-01

    An active-surface membrane technology was used to separate a die lube manufacturing wastewater stream consisting of various oils, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and silicones. The ultrafiltration membranes reduced organics from initial oil and grease contents by 20–25X, carbon oxygen demand (COD) by 1.5 to 2X, and total organic carbon (TOC) by 0.6, while the biological oxygen demand (BOD) remained constant. The active-surface membranes were not fouled as badly as non-active-surface systems and the active-surface membrane flux levels were consistently higher and more stable than those of the non-active-surface membranes tested. Field testing demonstrated that the rotary microfilter can concentrate the die lube, i.e. remove the glycerin component, and produce a die lube suitable for recycling. The recycling system operated for six weeks with only seven cleaning cycles and no mechanical or electrical failures. Test data and quality records indicate that the die casting scrap was reduced from 8.4 to 7.8%. There is no doubt that this test yielded tremendous results. This separation process presents significant opportunities that can be evaluated further.

  7. A Membrane Process for Recycling Die Lube from Wastewater Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, E. S.; Trudeau, J.; Cleary, B.; Hackett, M.; Greene, W. A.

    2003-04-30

    An active-surface membrane technology was used to separate a die lube manufacturing wastewater stream consisting of various oils, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and silicones. The ultrafiltration membranes reduced organics from initial oil and grease contents by 20-25X, carbon oxygen demand (COD) by 1.5 to 2X, and total organic carbon (TOC) by 0.6, while the biological oxygen demand (BOD) remained constant. The active-surface membranes were not fouled as badly as non-active-surface systems and the active-surface membrane flux levels were consistently higher and more stable than those of the non-active-surface membranes tested. Field testing demonstrated that the rotary microfilter can concentrate the die lube, i.e. remove the glycerin component, and produce a die lube suitable for recycling. The recycling system operated for six weeks with only seven cleaning cycles and no mechanical or electrical failures. Test data and quality records indicate that the die casting scrap was reduced from 8.4 to 7.8%. There is no doubt that this test yielded tremendous results. This separation process presents significant opportunities that can be evaluated further.

  8. Direct Deposition of Microcolumnar Scintillator on CMOS SSPM Array: Toward a Photon Counting Detector for X-Ray/Gamma Ray Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prekas, G.; Breen, M.; Sabet, H.; Bhandari, H.; Derderian, G.; Robertson, F. Jr; Stapels, C. J.; Christian, J.; Cool, S.; Nagarkar, V. V.

    2011-12-13

    We are developing a modular, low-cost, photon-counting detector based on a scintillator coupled to a solid-state photodetector. A working prototype was successfully developed by depositing CsI:Tl directly onto a CMOS SSPM array designed by RMD and custom-fabricated by a commercial foundry. The device comprised a 6x6 array of 1.5x1.5 mm{sup 2} macro-pixels, each containing a 36x36 array of resistively coupled micro-pixels, that was subjected to vapor deposition of columnar CsI:Tl. Direct deposition eliminates the gap between the scintillator and SSPM and creates a better optical bond than does index-matching grease. This paper compares the performance of SSPMs with directly deposited CsI:Tl, in terms of signal-to-noise ratio and light spread, against devices using monolithic single crystals or pixelated single crystals coupled to the SSPM. Due to the reduction in light scattering and optical losses in the interface, the directly deposited CsI:Tl demonstrated significantly better position sensitivity, with at least a factor of 2 increase in SNR compared to a single crystal. These data indicate that a photodetector with substantially smaller macro-pixel dimensions than used here could be used to implement a low-energy X-ray/gamma-ray imaging and spectroscopy detector, particularly for applications where high resolution is of prime importance.

  9. Ceramicrete stabilization of U-and Pu-bearing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagh, Arun S. (Naperville, IL); Maloney, M. David (Evergreen, CO); Thompson, Gary H. (Thornton, CO)

    2007-11-13

    A method of stabilizing nuclear material is disclosed. Oxides or halides of actinides and/or transuranics (TRUs) and/or hydrocarbons and/or acids contaminated with actinides and/or TRUs are treated by adjusting the pH of the nuclear material to not less than about 5 and adding sufficient MgO to convert fluorides present to MgF.sub.2; alumina is added in an amount sufficient to absorb substantially all hydrocarbon liquid present, after which a binder including MgO and KH.sub.2PO.sub.4 is added to the treated nuclear material to form a slurry. Additional MgO may be added. A crystalline radioactive material is also disclosed having a binder of the reaction product of calcined MgO and KH.sub.2PO.sub.4 and a radioactive material of the oxides and/or halides of actinides and/or transuranics (TRUs). Acids contaminated with actinides and/or TRUs, and/or actinides and/or TRUs with or without oils and/or greases may be encapsulated and stabilized by the binder.

  10. Compact Beta Particle/Positron Imager for Plant Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weisenberger, Andrew; Lee, Seung Joon; McKisson, John; Xi, Wenze; Zorn, Carl; Stolin, Alexander; Majewski, Stan; Majewski, Stanislaw; Howell, Calvin; Crowell, Alec

    2011-06-01

    The 11CO2 tracer is used to facilitate plant biology research towards optimization of plant productivity, biofuel development and carbon sequestration in biomass. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has been used to study carbon transport in live plants using 11CO2. Plants typically have very thin leaves resulting in little medium for the emitted positrons to undergo an annihilation event. For the emitted positron from 11C decay approximately 1mm of water equivalent material is needed for positron annihilation. Thus most of the positrons do not annihilate inside the leaf, resulting in limited sensitivity for PET imaging. To address this problem we have developed a compact beta-positive beta-minus particle (BPBM) imager for 11CO2 leaf imaging. The detector is based on a Hamamatsu H8500 position sensitive photomultiplier tube optically coupled via optical grease and a 3mm thick glass plate to a 0.5mm thick Eljin EJ-212 plastic scintillator. The detector is equipped with a flexible arm to allow its placement and orientation on the leaf of the plant of interest while maintaining the leaf's original orientation. We are planning to utilize the imaging device at the Duke University Phytotron to investigate dynamic carbon transport differences between invasive and native species.

  11. Decontamination of surfaces by blasting with crystals of H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, C.E.; Parfitt, J.E.; Patton, B.D.

    1995-02-01

    A major mission of the US Department of Energy during the 1990s is site and environmental cleanup. In pursuit of this mission, numerous remediation projects are under way and many others are being planned at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In this report, tests using two proposed methods for decontaminating surfaces one using water ice crystals [Crystalline Ice Blast (CIB)], the other using dry ice crystals (CO{sub 2} Cleanblast{trademark}) -- are described. Both methods are adaptations of the commonly used sand blasting technology. The two methods tested differ from sand blasting in that the particles are not particularly abrasive and do not accumulate as particles in the wastes. They differ from each other in that the CO{sub 2} particles sublime during and after impact and the ice particles melt. Thus, the two demonstrations provide important information about two strong candidate decontamination methodologies. Each process was tested at ORNL using contaminated lead bricks and contaminated tools and equipment. Demonstrations with the prototype Crystalline Ice Blast and the CO{sub 2} Cleanblast systems showed that paint, grease, and oil can be removed from metal, plastic, asphalt, and concrete surfaces. Furthermore, removal of contamination from lead bricks was highly effective. Both processes were found to be less effective, under the conditions tested, with contaminated tools and equipment that had chemically bonded contamination or contamination located in crevices since neither technology abrades the substrates or penetrates deeply into crevices to remove particulates. Some process improvements are recommended.

  12. Process for producing biodiesel, lubricants, and fuel and lubricant additives in a critical fluid medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ginosar, Daniel M.; Fox, Robert V.

    2005-05-03

    A process for producing alkyl esters useful in biofuels and lubricants by transesterifying glyceride- or esterifying free fatty acid-containing substances in a single critical phase medium is disclosed. The critical phase medium provides increased reaction rates, decreases the loss of catalyst or catalyst activity and improves the overall yield of desired product. The process involves the steps of dissolving an input glyceride- or free fatty acid-containing substance with an alcohol or water into a critical fluid medium; reacting the glyceride- or free fatty acid-containing substance with the alcohol or water input over either a solid or liquid acidic or basic catalyst and sequentially separating the products from each other and from the critical fluid medium, which critical fluid medium can then be recycled back in the process. The process significantly reduces the cost of producing additives or alternatives to automotive fuels and lubricants utilizing inexpensive glyceride- or free fatty acid-containing substances, such as animal fats, vegetable oils, rendered fats, and restaurant grease.

  13. EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 1 EIA-22M

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    With the Internet-based option, EIA uses security protocols to protect the information ... For the purposes of firm classification, a firm primarily engaged in the development and...

  14. Long-Term Surveillance and Monitoring Program Annual Site Inspection...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Encroachment of vegetation, primarily tumbleweeds, continues on the disposal cell. On ... Encroachment of plants in the northwest diversion channel, reported previously, was ...

  15. Comments on MHK Cost Reduction Pathway White Papers | OpenEI...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reference Model effort, one-on-one webinars with MHK technology developers, and a literature review. The Reference Model effort, conducted primarily by the DOE National...

  16. EIA Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    country, primarily the Midwest and the East, have had a generally moderate summer with cities such as Atlanta, Chicago, Indianapolis, Memphis and St. Louis recording cooling...

  17. Purple Bacteria Develops Its Own Form of Sunscreen | U.S. DOE...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Found that specific pigments in the light harvesting complex of a photosynthetic bacterium act primarily to protect the cell from damage by excess sunlight Significance and Impact ...

  18. Gas cell for in situ soft X-ray transmission-absorption spectroscopy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cell for in situ soft X-ray transmission-absorption spectroscopy of materials Previous ... Abstract: A simple gas cell design, constructed primarily from commercially available ...

  19. Ryan Egidi | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    These projects primarily involve advanced metering infrastructure, communication infrastructure, distribution automation, demand management and cybersecurity. Ryan has a B.S. in ...

  20. Staff | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    He is primarily responsible for improving both the operations of the program to be more efficient and effective and for ensuring that the program outcomes address both the ...

  1. Regional Study to Guide Policy Interventions for Enhancing the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    priorities, to be addressed through Research and Technology Development (R&TD). Business is primarily involved as user of ESTs, and can be actively encouraged to adopt...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is defined as "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating, to provide cooling, to produce electrical power, to... Eligibility: Commercial,...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating or cooling or to produce electrical or mechanical power by... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial Savings Category:...

  4. Dainippon Ink Chemicals Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dainippon Ink & Chemicals Inc Place: Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Zip: 103-8233 Product: Japanese diversified chemical company that primarily...

  5. Telluric Survey | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    form of large, dynamic sheets. Similarly to the magnetotelluric method, the source of the signal is naturally occurring particle interactions in the ionosphere primarily due to...

  6. Fuel Cell Bus Takes a Starring Role in the BurbankBus Fleet,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    These routes primarily trans- port commuters between major transit hubs and the city's employment centers. Commuters traveling into the area ar- rive at one of the city's two ...

  7. Organix Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residuals management company specializing in the management, production, utilization, marketing and sales of organic-based soil amendments -- primarily those generated by confined...

  8. Baleen whales host a unique gut microbiome with similarities...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    even given an animal-derived diet, illustrating ... Street, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA. 4 Bigelow Laboratory ... Baleen whales are filter feeders, primarily consuming small ...

  9. The original of this document contains information which is subject...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    External power supplies were among the consumer and ... for commercial and industrial equipment and amend the ... uncertainty regarding prices stemming primarily from ...

  10. Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973Legal Abstract The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is administered primarily under two statutes: the National Flood...

  11. Section 1: Agency Policy and Strategy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... for commercial use * Systematic consideration of energy ... they primarily focus on changing human decisions: find ... external web site. 19 Training and Continuing Education. ...

  12. Native Village of Port Graham- 2006 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Alaska, Port Graham Village, a community of 140 members primarily of Aluiig descent, will assess construction of a biomass facility to power their cannery.

  13. The Manhattan Project National Security History Series

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... uranium metal, and fifty tons of uranium oxide achieved the first self-sustaining chain ... Szilard had trouble obtaining supplies for his experiment, primarily because bismuth, the ...

  14. The PROJECT

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... uranium metal, and fifty tons of uranium oxide achieved the first self-sustaining chain ... Szilard had trouble obtaining supplies for his experiment, primarily because bismuth, the ...

  15. An Analysis of the Economic Impact on Utah County, Utah from...

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    from wind turbines than it is to buy "standard" electricity from gas- or coal- fired generation units (Smith 2005). Because wind power's cost is derived primarily during the...

  16. USSR report: Energy, No. 135

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1983-02-03

    JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. This is a USSR Report.

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Digester Gas-to-Electricity program is designed to support small-sized electricity generation where the energy generated is used primarily at the electric customer's location...

  18. Sandia Energy - Sandia R&D Funded under New DOE SunShot Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    statistical reliability and extending unit lifetime are critically important to a large solar installation's O&M scheme. Failures in other PE applications are primarily due to...

  19. Why

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Why science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Why Why magazine is a former quarterly publication primarily for employees and retirees of Los Alamos National Laboratory....

  20. Alison Markovitz | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Director of the National Laboratory Operations Board and a Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Energy, focusing primarily on Departmental management and operations. Previously, Ms. ...

  1. COLLOQUIUM: Stellarator Research at PPPL and Beyond | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at PPPL and Beyond Dr. David Gates Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Recent stellarator research activities have focused on international collaboration, primarily on W7-X. The...

  2. DOE Awards Contract for Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The primarily firm-fixed-price nature of the contract will allow DOE to hold the contractor accountable for meeting the contract requirements. Infrastructure support services to be ...

  3. DOE Awards Contract for Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The primarily firm-fixed-price nature of the contract will allow DOE to hold the contractor accountable for meeting the contract requirements. Infrastructure support services to be ...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    as "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating, to provide cooling, to produce electrical power, to... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial,...

  5. AcqGuide1pt1.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Submit supplemental information in writing. (Oral ... rest primarily on the written record.) Acquisition Guide ... or other forms of communication). * Identification of ...

  6. Biomass Engineering: Transportation & Handling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... * Updated results show materials have similar particles sizes and shapes. * Microscopy indicates that flowability at low compressive stresses depends primarily upon ...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    measure" includes installations or modifications primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas, or to improve the management of energy deman......

  8. TCL Hyperpower Batteries Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Batteries, Inc Place: China Product: China-based subsidiary of TCL Group, they make Lithium Polymer, NiMH and Primary batteries, primarily for smaller devices. References: TCL...

  9. EV Everywhere: Workplace Charging | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Charging EV Everywhere: Workplace Charging EV Everywhere: Workplace Charging Most plug-in electric vehicle (EV) owners charge their vehicles primarily at home, but ...

  10. Clean Air Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: Technology that allows heavy duty diesel engines to operate primarily on natural gas Website: www.cleanairpower.com Coordinates: 32.941011, -117.036155 Show Map...

  11. Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... and storage; and waste management and disposal. ... tank farms into high-level radioactive waste (HLW) and low-activity waste (LAW) ... This section primarily discusses criteria and ...

  12. Mound, Ohio, Second Five-Year Review

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... sampling, and management could create an ... The checklist is in Attachment 6 of the O&M Plan. 4.2 ... contamination (primarily low-level volatile organic ...

  13. Microsoft Word - S07963_MND 5yr

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... of ICs, including a checklist, is contained in the ... the "Site-Wide IC ManagementLand Use Control Plan ... contamination (primarily low-level volatile organic compounds) ...

  14. Transmission Services WIST Task Force Dynamic Transfer Capability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ("WIST"), a Task Force of technical staff primarily from Northwest and California transmission providers and sub-regional entities, completed a report documenting Phase 1 of its...

  15. Year-in-Review: 2014 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    May 28, 2015 - 11:04am Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released the ... primarily on information reported in the Energy Assurance Daily. ...

  16. Field Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (2001-2003) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coso field primarily occurs in the hanging walls of the listric faults. References Unruh, J. (1 January 2001) NEW SEISMIC IMAGING OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

  17. Creating Biodiesel & Mitigating Waste | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exercise to set up: it requires primarily basic equipment commonly found in a high school chemistry laboratory. Interest sparked by this exercise may inspire students to become...

  18. Document

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Board will be focusing primarily on the internal ... systems, a gas combustion turbine, a heat recovery steam ... must be disposed of as waste or beneficially used ...

  19. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for all winter fuels, including distillates (which includes heating oil), natural gas, propane, and coal used for electricity generation. Current high inventories stem primarily...

  20. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-011 Clemson EC B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The XRD will primarily be used for research focusing on 1) the determination of corrosion mechanisms of nuclear materials including nuclear fuels and advanced waste forms to...

  1. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-11-006 Clemson EC.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    B. Project Description Clemson University will purchase an isothermal titration calorimeter. The calorimeter will primarily be utilized in the determination of aqueous...

  2. 090808_ATTPC.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    multiplicity for heavy ion reactions experiments * External trigger - - Downstream calorimeter to measure Z of leading particle - Primarily for heavy ion reactions Bickley 18 PID...

  3. Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management for Advanced Vehicle Propulsion Technologies: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennion, K.; Thornton, M.

    2010-02-01

    Techniques for evaluating and quantifying integrated transient and continuous heat loads of combined systems incorporating electric drive systems operating primarily under transient duty cycles.

  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0, 2010 (Next Release on November 17, 2010) Propane Costs This Winter The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects households heating primarily with propane to spend an...

  5. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Seasonal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the seasonal variation of land cover which is dominated by the agricultural land use, primarily winter wheat production. http:gi.ssec.wisc.eduairsknutesonindex.html...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption A "solar energy device" for the purpose of this incentive is defined as "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide...

  7. SNLAR206.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Fuel Primarily Thermal Reactors, Limited Fast Reactors Recycle Fuel (MOX) Reprocessing and ... with medal hydride sodium alanate, a material that can absorb and store hydrogen. ...

  8. US Department of Energy 20% Wind Energy by 2030 | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    laboratories (primarily the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory). The report considers some associated 20% Wind Scenario: Wind...

  9. EIS-0327: Disposition of Scrap Metals Programmatic EIS | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    intent to prepare an EIS that would evaluate the environmental impacts of policy alternatives for the disposition of scrap metals (primarily carbon steel and stainless steel)...

  10. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rebate Program offers rebates for the removal of old, less efficient lighting products which are replaced with high efficiency technologies. The program is primarily fo......

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Liquefied Natural Gas Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to ...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Anaerobic Digester Gas-to-Electricity program is designed to support small-sized electricity generation where the energy generated is used primarily at the electric...

  13. AAB Asia Alliance Base International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy Product: Manufacturers and sells small-scale wind turbines, solar PV and wind hybrid solar PV systems, primarily for domestic use. References: AAB (Asia Alliance Base)...

  14. JMB Energie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: JMB Energie Place: Marseilles, France Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: JMB Energie is producer of green energy primarily through the...

  15. Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and the emission reduction potential in the sector is small and primarily focused on methane reduction, though more diversified carbon trading opportunities can be pursued....

  16. EcoSecurities India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indian subsidiary of UK CDM project developer EcoSecurities, to focus primarily on methane capture and destruction projects. References: EcoSecurities India Ltd.1 This...

  17. Intrepid Technology and Resources Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    specialises in development of biomassbiofuel plants, primarily biogas projects(methane from processing animal waste). References: Intrepid Technology and Resources Inc1...

  18. Fact #717: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Midwest have also shown remarkable growth. By January 2012, there were just 9 states without any electric charging stations, primarily in the northern regions of the country. ...

  19. Letter on Low-Level Radiation Research | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SEAB recommends DOE continue to sponsor a small, sustained, high quality research program primarily in DOE laboratories as well as centers of excellence within universities, ...

  20. SERSA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SERSA Jump to: navigation, search Name: SERSA Place: Valencia, Spain Zip: 46010 Sector: Wind energy Product: Project developer, primarily in the wind sector. Coordinates:...

  1. Resource Program (pbl/main)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is abbreviated and primarily provides updates to key inputs and analysis. The potential power supply obligation needs for the 2013 Resource Program are based on the Needs...

  2. Fluid Circulation and Heat Extraction from Engineered Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    distribution at any given time is primarily determined by three parameters: (1) the nature of the interconnected network of pressure-stimulated joints and open fractures within...

  3. SREL Reprint #3050

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Pandion haliaetus) primarily from coastal counties of South Carolina, USA, to describe tissue distribution of Hg and to determine whether age or sex influenced Hg accumulation. ...

  4. Wind Powering America: Opportunities from Chile and the Region...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    assistance work has focused on energy development for rural populations including the design, analysis, and implementation of remote power systems, primarily through NREL's...

  5. Christopher Smith Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Office...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    increased significantly, outpacing consumption growth, resulting in declining natural gas and LNG imports. Production growth is primarily due to the development of improved...

  6. STEO November 2012 - coal supplies

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coal exports are expected to decline in 2013, primarily because of continuing economic weakness in Europe, lower international coal prices, and higher coal production in Asia. ...

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    This increased use of natural gas for electricity generation primarily reflects sustained low prices for the fuel. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Short-Term Energy ...

  8. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Jet fuel exports have primarily increased to Western Europe, Central America (including Mexico), and South America, and to a lesser extent Africa. Propane and naphtha exports are...

  9. Bioethanol Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SE1 7TJ Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Aims to develop a global renewable transport fuel business supplying primarily bioethanol but also biodiesel. Coordinates: 51.506325,...

  10. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    apply to residential homeowners in Washington who heat homes primarily with Avista electricity or natural gas. Incentives vary depending on technology, and generally apply to...

  11. DOE/OR/20722-40 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood i Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its ...

  12. DOE/OR/20722-37 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  13. DOE/OR/20722-38 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  14. DOE/OR/20722-42 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  15. DOE/OR/20722-39 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  16. DOE/OR/20722-34 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  17. DOE/OR/20722-41 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... the processing of thorium ores between 1916 and 1956 by the Maywood | Chemical Works (later purchased by Stepan Chemical) and consists primarily of thorium-232 and its daughters ...

  18. Radiant Technology Corporation RTC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    California Zip: 92831 Product: Provides infrared furnaces, primarily used in the photovoltaic manufacturing industry. Coordinates: 46.16041, -98.420506 Show Map Loading...

  19. DOE SSL Postings, January 26, 2015 issue

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    devoted exclusively to solid-state lighting, Lumenetix primarily designs and builds color-tunable LED light engines that emulate the range and quality of sunlight down to...

  20. Cryptic Faulting and Multi-Scale Geothermal Fluid Connections...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    at least in this region of the Great Basin is primarily a modern feature. Authors Philip E. Wannamaker, William M. Doerner and Derrick P. Hasterok Editor NA Conference...

  1. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    primarily the Gulf Coast, and local inventory withdrawals. Recent market changes have led to congestion in pipelines that move supplies to PADD 2. These factors were evident in...

  2. Submitted to:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this is accomplished primarily by controlling the condenser fans to cool the compressed refrigerant below the factory-set standard operating pressure. Operation at lower head...

  3. Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    that colonize these indoor ecosystems are primarily derived from the human microbiome. ... Type: Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Microbiome Additional Journal Information: Journal ...

  4. Clean Energy Development Fund (CEDF) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    thermal energy resources -- primarily renewable energy, combined heat and power (CHP), thermal, and geothermal energy. From its establishment to 2012, the CEDF has been...

  5. How Much Do Local Regulations Matter? Exploring the Impact of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and other hardware have declined rapidly over the last decade, primarily due to technology improvements and manufacturing scale. On the other hand, non-hardware "soft" costs ...

  6. Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with primarily social concerns understand more technical elements, and vice versa. ... Bringing together people with disparate perspectives and agendas-social, political, and ...

  7. Resources for the Future | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    organization that conducts independent research - rooted primarily in economics and other social sciences - on environmental, energy, natural resource and public health issues....

  8. Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... MARKETING EFFORTS Participation driven primarily by manufacturers & ComEd marketing * Nest - TV, radio, Home Page takeovers, digital ads, paid social media and search, print ...

  9. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-06-30

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Yuma Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations.

  10. Ristma AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Ristma AG Place: GlisVS, Switzerland Zip: 3902 Product: Swiss battery pack manufacturer primarily for the handheld cordless power tool market. It is laos...

  11. Ecotrust | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Ecotrust Place: Portland, Oregon Zip: 97209 Product: Leading conversation organization with focus on forestry, fisheries and other projects primarily in the Pacific...

  12. NM Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Invest Jump to: navigation, search Name: NM Invest Place: Tyler, Texas Zip: 75703 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Texas-based mezzanine investor to renewable projects, primarily...

  13. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    international flavor it was dominated by the Japanese This was primarily a result of geography however the work presented by the Japanese illustrated an internal program that is...

  14. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    flavor, it was dominated by the Japanese. This was primarily a result of geography; however, the work presented by the Japanese illustrated an internal program that is...

  15. Project Reports for Native Village of Port Graham- 2006 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Alaska, Port Graham Village, a community of 140 members primarily of Aluiig descent, will assess construction of a biomass facility to power their cannery.

  16. Tendril RFI Comments - 11.1.10 - DRAFT

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tendril offers a software and hardware solution that enables residential home energy management and demand response. Therefore, our comments will primarily address issues that ...

  17. Drilling Sideways - A Review of Horizontal Well Technology and Its Domestic Application

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1993-01-01

    Focuses primarily on domestic horizontal drilling applications, past and present, and on salient aspects of current and near-future horizontal drilling and completion technology.

  18. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    They communicate primarily in Italian. Some may have minimal English content on the ... della Fisica Association for the Teaching of Physics (AIF) -- Associazione ...

  19. Annual Energy Review - July 2006

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2005 183 a Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in compressors), and as...

  20. Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    also produce important byproducts such as fresh or dried citrus pulp. SIC 2046-Wet Corn Milling: Establishments primarily engaged in milling corn or sorghum grain (milo) by the...

  1. Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The term "energy conservation measure" includes installations or modifications primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas, or to improve the management of energy demand....

  2. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and fuel consumption In this section, we look at the resources used to produce electricity. Generating units are chosen to run primarily on their operating costs, of which...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    includes installations or modifications primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas, or to improve the management of energy deman... Eligibility:...

  4. Particles from Comet 81P/Wild 2 Viewed by ALS Microscopes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this tangle, the picture that emerged is of cometary particles containing primarily silicate materials formed within the Solar System, including some grains born in the high...

  5. MDA0006.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    million, compared with 112 million for the same period a year ago. The increase of 132 million, or 118 percent, was primarily the result of increased discretionary power...

  6. Techniques For Injection Of Pre-Charaterized Dust Into The Scrape...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    particles at 10's of meters per second depending primarily on the rotation ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION ...

  7. Muwei Zhang | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    primarily focuses on the design and construction of industrially-available metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs) with multiple functionalities, such as energy storage, carbon...

  8. Recent Trends in Natural Gas Spot Prices

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    This article focuses primarily on conditions and developments in the East Consuming Region and their connection to prices at the Henry Hub in the Producing Region.

  9. Cascades Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    years) thick mafic lava flows, primarily of andesitic composition are associated with ash flows, tuffs, and silicic intrusive bodies and stocks that decrease in age eastward to...

  10. Heat flow and microearthquake studies, Coso Geothermal Area,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The sites for ten heat flow boreholes were located primarily using the available seismic ground noise and electrical resistivity data. Difficulty was encountered in the drilling...

  11. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    after 12312014) are eligible. Net-metered systems must be intended primarily to offset part or all of a customer's electricity requirements. Public utilities may not limit...

  12. Fate of Magnesium Chloride Brine Applied to Suppress Dust from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    occurs primarily within 13 m of treated roads, but can extend as much as 30 m ... SEDIMENTS; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; SURFACE WATERS; WATER brine; dust; magnesium chloride; ...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... measurements, free from the systematic limitations of shear calibration. ... stellar mass is primarily driven by the change in the star-forming and quiescent ...

  14. Energy Department Invests to Save on Heating, Cooling and Lighting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The projects will also help curb emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) - potent greenhouse gases primarily used in refrigeration and air conditioning. In the United States, ...

  15. Marine Hybrid Propulsion Market Revenue is anticipated to Reach...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ferry operators are the major adopters of marine hybrid propulsion systems across the world. These vessels primarily operate in coastal areas and inland waterways, where emission...

  16. Educating and Training Accelerator Scientists and Technologists...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and mechanical engineering. As few universities offer full academic programs, the education of accelerator physicists and engineers for the future has primarily relied on a...

  17. Maricopa County- Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil...

  18. Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The term "energy conservation measure" includes installations or modifications primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas, or to improve the management of energy deman...

  19. Summit Agenda

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Executive Summit on Wind Research and Development is geared primarily towards attendees from original equipment manufacturers, developers, owners and operators, research centers, universities...

  20. Chapter 8: Advancing Clean Transportation and Vehicle Systems...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... This is primarily owing to their low temperature operation (roughly 80C), which allows for ... Additionally, biogas from sources such as wastewater treatment plants and landfills is ...

  1. THIS IS CANCELLED - COLLOQUIUM: Toward Diversity in Flatland...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    primarily from real-time observations by surface electron microscopy, complemented by high-resolution scanning probe microscopy and in-situ spectroscopy. Focusing on the...

  2. DOE SC ARM TR 147 TSI Model 3936 Scanning Mobility Particle Spectromet...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... flow meter, verifying high- voltage power supply performance using a high-voltage probe, ... accuracy is primarily a function of the aggregate contributions from uncertainties in the ...

  3. NREL: Concentrating Solar Power Research - Staff Biographies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Learn more about the expertise and technical skills of NREL's concentrating solar power ... Victor primarily works with the Concentrated Solar Power group but also works with several ...

  4. Mr. Lamont Jackson Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... The costs to SCE's customers associated with SCE delivering renewable power are primarily driven by (1) contracts to purchase power from renewable generators at negotiated prices, ...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption For the purposes of this exemption, a solar energy device means "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to...

  6. Ilion Ventures | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Solar Product: Ilion Ventures develops large-scale solar projects in Southern Europe, primarily in Greece and Italy. References: Ilion Ventures1 This article is a stub....

  7. Optimizing I/O performance on the Lustre file system

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IO performance. File striping will primarily improve performance for codes doing serial IO from a single node or parallel IO from multiple nodes writing to a single shared...

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption For the purposes of this exemption, a solar energy device means "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide...

  9. 3-18-10FinalTestimonyZoi.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Year 2010 appropriations. This program primarily reaches low-income families, the elderly and the disabled, helping those with significant financial need save money on their...

  10. Investigation of Direct Injection Vehicle Particulate Matter Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This study focuses primarily on particulate matter mass analysis of a gasoline direct injection engine in a test cell with a chassis dynamometer.

  11. Millennium Cell Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Millennium Cell Inc Place: Eatontown, New Jersey Zip: 7724 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Developing hydrogen battery technology for use primarily in consumer...

  12. Voltaix LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    silicon, germanium and boron, and its customers are primarily manufacturers of solar cells and semiconductors. References: Voltaix, LLC1 This article is a stub. You...

  13. September 14

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    91410 Attending: Eric and Jay from PDSF and users Jeff P., Joanna and Marjorie. Cluster status: Cluster is well utilized, primarily by STAR and ALICE. Discussed ALICE memory...

  14. Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Overview Overview PDSF is a networked distributed computing cluster designed primarily to meet the detector simulation and data analysis requirements of Physics, Astrophysics, and...

  15. PDSF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PDSF PDSF PDSF is a networked distributed computing cluster designed primarily to meet the detector simulation and data analysis requirements of physics, astrophysics and nuclear...

  16. November 23

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10 Attending: Eric, Katie and Jay from NERSC and users Jeff P., Craig and Marjorie. Cluster status: Cluster has been relatively full, primarily STAR, ALICE and ATLAS. Outages:...

  17. About

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About About Overview PDSF is a networked distributed computing cluster designed primarily to meet the detector simulation and data analysis requirements of Physics, Astrophysics...

  18. Larry Bryan | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nesting in coal Combustion waste impoundments Aquatic ecology Characterization of aquatic species assemblages, primarily fish, in depression wetlands and streams Contaminant uptake...

  19. 2009 Fuel Cell Market Report, November 2010, Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 Authors This report was written primarily by ... of hard work and valuable contributions from government staff and the fuel cell industry. ...

  20. 2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT JUNE 2010 2008 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT i Authors This report was written primarily by Bill Vincent of the Breakthrough ...

  1. Office of Legacy Management Designated as a High-Performing Organizati...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    multiple organizations within DOE. The work was focused primarily on activities associated with Cold War era nuclear legacy programs at sites no longer needed for DOE missions. ...

  2. Forest County Potawatomi Community Wundar Hall Project

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Initial focus primarily on energy usage at major facilities and on renewable ... in northern Wisconsin, resulted in an annual reduction of 170 tons in carbon ...

  3. Forest County Potawatomi Community Parking Ramp and Wundar Hall...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Initial focus primarily on energy usage at major facilities and on renewable ... a 10-year warranty that will reduce annual maintenance costs 7,000 annually for ...

  4. DOE-ID Operations Summary

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The waste is primarily a product of experiments from the Engineering Test Reactor, Experimental Breeder Reactor-II and other fast reactor tests. ICP will treat the ...

  5. Columbia River Treaty Review - History and 2014/2024 Review Brochure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    thousands of jobs, giving the region a much needed economic boost during the Great Depression. Bonneville Dam primarily provided power generation and navigation, while Grand...

  6. LED lamp

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galvez, Miguel; Grossman, Kenneth; Betts, David

    2013-11-12

    There is herein described a lamp for providing white light comprising a plurality of light sources positioned on a substrate. Each of said light sources comprises a blue light emitting diode (LED) and a dome that substantially covers said LED. A first portion of said blue light from said LEDs is transmitted through said domes and a second portion of said blue light is converted into a red light by a first phosphor contained in said domes. A cover is disposed over all of said light sources that transmits at least a portion of said red and blue light emitted by said light sources. The cover contains a second phosphor that emits a yellow light in response to said blue light. The red, blue and yellow light combining to form the white light and the white light having a color rendering index (CRI) of at least about 80.

  7. Predicting the Spectral Effects of Soils on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burton, Patrick D.; King, Bruce Hardison; Riley, Daniel M.

    2014-12-15

    The soiling losses on high concentrating photovoltaic (HCPV) systems may be influenced by the spectral properties of accumulated soil. We predicted the response of an isotype cell to changes in spectral content and reduction in transmission due to soiling using measured UV/vis transmittance through soil films. Artificial soil test blends deposited on glass coupons were used to supply the transmission data, which was then used to calculate the effect on model spectra. Moreover, the wavelength transparency of the test soil was varied by incorporating red and yellow mineral pigments into graded sand. The more spectrally responsive (yellow) soils were predicted to alter the current balance between the top and middle subcells throughout a range of air masses corresponding to daily and seasonal variation.

  8. Predicting the Spectral Effects of Soils on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Burton, Patrick D.; King, Bruce Hardison; Riley, Daniel M.

    2014-12-15

    The soiling losses on high concentrating photovoltaic (HCPV) systems may be influenced by the spectral properties of accumulated soil. We predicted the response of an isotype cell to changes in spectral content and reduction in transmission due to soiling using measured UV/vis transmittance through soil films. Artificial soil test blends deposited on glass coupons were used to supply the transmission data, which was then used to calculate the effect on model spectra. Moreover, the wavelength transparency of the test soil was varied by incorporating red and yellow mineral pigments into graded sand. The more spectrally responsive (yellow) soils were predictedmore » to alter the current balance between the top and middle subcells throughout a range of air masses corresponding to daily and seasonal variation.« less

  9. Lanthanide-halide based humidity indicators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beitz, James V.; Williams, Clayton W.

    2008-01-01

    The present invention discloses a lanthanide-halide based humidity indicator and method of producing such indicator. The color of the present invention indicates the humidity of an atmosphere to which it is exposed. For example, impregnating an adsorbent support such as silica gel with an aqueous solution of the europium-containing reagent solution described herein, and dehydrating the support to dryness forms a substance with a yellow color. When this substance is exposed to a humid atmosphere the water vapor from the air is adsorbed into the coating on the pore surface of the silica gel. As the water content of the coating increases, the visual color of the coated silica gel changes from yellow to white. The color change is due to the water combining with the lanthanide-halide complex on the pores of the gel.

  10. Environmental cleanup privatization, products and services directory, January 1997. Second edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    The US Department of Energy has undertaken an ambitious ``Ten Year Plan`` for the Weapons Complex, an initiative to complete cleanup at most nuclear sites within a decade. This Second Edition of the Directory is designed to facilitate privatization which is key to the success of the Plan. The Directory is patterned after the telephone Yellow Pages. Like the Yellow Pages, it provides the user with points of contact for inquiring further into the capabilities of the listed companies. This edition retains the original format of three major sections under the broad headings: Treatment, Characterization, and Extraction/Deliver/Materials Handling. Within each section, companies are listed alphabetically. Also, ``company name`` and ``process type`` indices are provided at the beginning of each section to allow the user quick access to listings of particular interest.

  11. Modeling Feat Sheds Light on Protein Channel's Function

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling Feat Sheds Light on Protein Channel's Function Modeling Feat Sheds Light on Protein Channel's Function November 1, 2012 NERSC Contact: Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 nerscweb.png The ribosome (red-blue) in complex with the translocon channel (green), which is embedded in the cell membrane (yellow, white). Proteins that are inserted via the ribosome into the channel can either be laterally integrated into the cell membrane or secreted across the cell membrane (inset). (Image

  12. Career Map: Construction Manager | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Construction Manager Career Map: Construction Manager A construction manager in a yellow safety vest instructs his team on proper wind turbine installation. Construction Manager Position Title Construction Manager Alternate Title(s) Foreman, Construction Supervisor Education & Training Level Bachelor's degree preferred, but not always required Education & Training Level Description Employers increasingly prefer candidates with both construction experience and a bachelor's degree in a

  13. Detection of alkali-silica reaction swelling in concrete by staining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guthrie, Jr., George D.; Carey, J. William

    1998-01-01

    A method using concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium cobaltinitrite and rhodamine B is described which can be used to identify concrete that contains gels formed by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR). These solutions present little health or environmental risk, are readily applied, and rapidly discriminate between two chemically distinct gels; K-rich, Na--K--Ca--Si gels are identified by yellow staining, and alkali-poor, Ca--Si gels are identified by pink staining.

  14. Detection of alkali-silica reaction swelling in concrete by staining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guthrie, G.D. Jr.; Carey, J.W.

    1998-04-14

    A method using concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium cobalt nitrite and rhodamine B is described which can be used to identify concrete that contains gels formed by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR). These solutions present little health or environmental risk, are readily applied, and rapidly discriminate between two chemically distinct gels; K-rich, Na-K-Ca-Si gels are identified by yellow staining, and alkali-poor, Ca-Si gels are identified by pink staining.

  15. Industry Growth Forum Cultivates Clean Energy Entrepreneurship -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Continuum Magazine | NREL Five men sitting in yellow chairs on a stage during a discussion at an event panel session. Panel discussion at the 2013 Industry Growth Forum. From left: Michael Knotek, Deputy Undersecretary for Science and Energy, DOE; Tom Morehouse, Principal Deputy Asst. Secretary of Defense, Operational Energy Plans and Programs, DOD; Dan Arvizu, NREL Director; Ilan Gur, Program Director and Technology to Market Senior Advisor, ARPA-E; and Rick Brenner, Director, Agricultural

  16. High-Throughput Experimental Approach Capabilities | Materials Science |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL High-Throughput Experimental Approach Capabilities An image of a triangular diagram with cobalt oxide at the top vertex, zinc oxide at the lower left vertex, and nickel oxide at the lower right vertex. Colored section in upper half indicates conductivity of materials at constant oxygen partial pressure and temperature. Highest conductivity is represented by yellow and is for materials in the upper right sector. NREL's high-throughput experimental approach is based on the extensive set

  17. Time and Materials subcontract appendix

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, 3/11/13) Appendix SFA-1 Dated * Subcontract No. * Page 1 of 8 Preparer Note (PN): Asterisks highlighted in yellow (i.e., *) have been used throughout this document as placeholders to indicate where information is to be inserted. Make sure to delete this note in its entirety, before releasing this document. Appendix SFA-1 FAR & DEAR Clauses Incorporated By Reference (a) The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) clauses which are

  18. Solid-State Lighting Commercial Product Development Resulting from

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1 Solicitation for Offers Paragraphs with New and Revised Green Lease Text (These paragraphs incorporate environmental, energy, and sustainable design criteria as appropriate. Yellow highlighted areas are new SFO hidden text.) 1. Significant Alterations or Improvements and Lease Construction SFOs. Following are required paragraphs for these SFOs. Only new or modified SFO paragraphs are referenced for purposes of this RSL. SFO Section 1 LOCATION: CITY CENTER (DEC 2007) [MODIFIED and ADDED

  19. Biological and Catalytic Conversion of Sugars and Lignin | Bioenergy | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological and Catalytic Conversion of Sugars and Lignin Our research group, comprised of staff scientists, postdoctoral associates, students, and technicians, develops biological and chemical catalysts for cost-effective production of fuels and chemicals from terrestrial biomass. Two side-by-side images. The left figure illustrates the domains of the synthase enzyme, represented as "surfaces" or "blobs," embedded in a lipid bilayer, represented as yellow multi-jointed

  20. Observations of the Madden Julian Oscillation for Cloud Modeling Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Madden Julian Oscillation for Cloud Modeling Studies Chuck Long, Sally McFarlane, Courtney Schumacher, Peter May, Bill Gustafson, Yi Wang, Xiaohong Liu Cluster analysis of ISCCP cloud regimes (red = deep convective, orange = anvil, yellow = congestus, green = thin cirrus, blue = trade Cu, violet = marine Sc) Left: TWP Hovmöller diagram of regime occurrence Right: Composite regime occurrence vs. MJO phase (peak = 0) (Chen and Del Genio, 2008, Clim. Dyn.) Manus MJO composites Of ARSCL cloud

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Combustion Strategies | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Combustion Strategies Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Combustion Strategies On the left is real-time video of conventional diesel combustion. The fuel injector sprays 8 jets of liquid fuel into the combustion chamber. Compression-heating ignites the fuel, creating a flame. Soot forms in jets, which glow red, orange, and yellow. High temperature combustion has high efficiency, but also produces high emissions of nitrogen oxides. On the right is a real-time video of a Homogeneous

  2. Paducah Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    | Department of Energy Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods Paducah Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods June 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis The yellow outline depicts an area southeast of the C-400 Cleaning Building, background, where electrical resistance heating will be used to remove trichloroethene (TCE) down to 60 feet below ground. Electrodes will heat the chemical into a vapor that can be pumped to the surface and treated in the white

  3. Renewable Energy in China: Xiao Qing Dao Village Power Wind/Diesel Hybrid Pilot Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-01-01

    In 2000, DOE/NREL and the State Power Corporation of China (SPCC) developed a pilot project to electrify Xiao Qing Dao, a small island located in China's Yellow Sea. The project demonstrates the practicality of renewable energy systems for medium-scale, off-grid applications. It consists of four 10 k-W wind turbines connected to a 30-kW diesel generator, a 40-kW inverter and a battery bank.

  4. NREL Helps Countries Build Stronger Economies with Low-Emission Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Continuum Magazine | NREL Photo taken from above looking down between two rows of red, yellow, blue, green and white flags. Below, two women look toward a man as they all walk forward on a white floor dappled with squares of sunshine. NREL's Caroline Uriarte, Andrea Watson, and Dan Bilello stroll below an array of international flags. The three are a few of the laboratory's key players in global partnerships that assist developing countries with low-emission economic development. Through

  5. First-Principles Simulations of High-Speed Combustion and Detonation |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Three-dimensional view of shock reflection in a square tube Charles Bacon, Marta García, and Joseph Insley, Argonne National Laboratory; Alexei Khokhlov, The University of Chicago Three-dimensional view of shock reflection in a square tube. Green shows reflected shock moving to the left. Brown represents isosurfaces of constant pressure showing the acoustic field in shocked material. Blue, pink and yellow colors depict parts of the separation bubble and

  6. Process for the removal of acid forming gases from exhaust gases and production of phosphoric acid

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Ger; Liu, David K.

    1992-01-01

    Exhaust gases are treated to remove NO or NO.sub.x and SO.sub.2 by contacting the gases with an aqueous emulsion or suspension of yellow phosphorous preferably in a wet scrubber. The addition of yellow phosphorous in the system induces the production of O.sub.3 which subsequently oxidizes NO to NO.sub.2. The resulting NO.sub.2 dissolves readily and can be reduced to form ammonium ions by dissolved SO.sub.2 under appropriate conditions. In a 20 acfm system, yellow phosphorous is oxidized to yield P.sub.2 O.sub.5 which picks up water to form H.sub.3 PO.sub.4 mists and can be collected as a valuable product. The pressure is not critical, and ambient pressures are used. Hot water temperatures are best, but economics suggest about 50.degree. C. The amount of yellow phosphorus used will vary with the composition of the exhaust gas, less than 3% for small concentrations of NO, and 10% or higher for concentrations above say 1000 ppm. Similarly, the pH will vary with the composition being treated, and it is adjusted with a suitable alkali. For mixtures of NO.sub.x and SO.sub.2, alkalis that are used for flue gas desulfurization are preferred. With this process, better than 90% of SO.sub.2 and NO in simulated flue gas can be removed. Stoichiometric ratios (P/NO) ranging between 0.6 and 1.5 were obtained.

  7. Microsoft Word - RAP_Central_Plateau_Milestones_Draft_Advice.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TPA Proposed Changes to Hanford Central Plateau Cleanup Work and Schedule Authors: Cimon, Niles, Catrell, Bouchey, Garnant, Vanni, Mattson, Engstrom, Serres, Leckband Originating Committee: River and Plateau Version #1 :Color: __pink__yellow__green__salmon__purple_X_blue Background (paragraphs numbered to aid review) 1. The Hanford Advisory Board (Board) provides the Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) agencies with policy advice that reflects the Board's core values related to Hanford cleanup. These

  8. Copper mercaptides as sulfur dioxide indicators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eller, Phillip G.; Kubas, Gregory J.

    1979-01-01

    Organophosphine copper(I) mercaptide complexes are useful as convenient and semiquantitative visual sulfur dioxide gas indicators. The air-stable complexes form 1:1 adducts in the presence of low concentrations of sulfur dioxide gas, with an associated color change from nearly colorless to yellow-orange. The mercaptides are made by mixing stoichiometric amounts of the appropriate copper(I) mercaptide and phosphine in an inert organic solvent.

  9. Amber light-emitting diode comprising a group III-nitride nanowire active region

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, George T.; Li, Qiming; Wierer, Jr., Jonathan J.; Koleske, Daniel

    2014-07-22

    A temperature stable (color and efficiency) III-nitride based amber (585 nm) light-emitting diode is based on a novel hybrid nanowire-planar structure. The arrays of GaN nanowires enable radial InGaN/GaN quantum well LED structures with high indium content and high material quality. The high efficiency and temperature stable direct yellow and red phosphor-free emitters enable high efficiency white LEDs based on the RGYB color-mixing approach.

  10. Solicitation for Offers Paragraphs with New and Revised Green Lease Text

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 1 Solicitation for Offers Paragraphs with New and Revised Green Lease Text (These paragraphs incorporate environmental, energy, and sustainable design criteria as appropriate. Yellow highlighted areas are new SFO hidden text.) 1. Significant Alterations or Improvements and Lease Construction SFOs. Following are required paragraphs for these SFOs. Only new or modified SFO paragraphs are referenced for purposes of this RSL. SFO Section 1 LOCATION: CITY CENTER (DEC 2007) [MODIFIED and ADDED

  11. LMS-AMC-S01980-0-0.cdr

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Bering Sea Catch 1965-2005 Amchitka, Alaska, Site This page intentionally left blank Table K-1. Groundfish catches (metric tons) in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands, 1965-2005 Year Pollock Pacific Cod Sable Fish Yellow Fin Sole Greenland Turbot Arrow Tooth Flounder a Rock Sole c Other Flat Fish Alaska Plaice Pacific Ocean Complex b Pacific Ocean Perch Northern Rockfish Shortraker Rockfish Rougheye Rockfish Other Rock Fish Atka Mackerel Squid Other Species Total (All Species) 1964 174,792

  12. March

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March /newsroom/_assets/images/newsroom-icon.jpg March We are your source for reliable, up-to-date news and information; our scientists and engineers can provide technical insights on our innovations for a secure nation. Surface climate anomalies in 2011 for precipitation, daily maximum temperature, and dewpoint. Maps show spatial distributions of anomalies as standard deviations from the 1895-2014 mean. Yellow areas indicate locations of 2011 fires Researchers explore correlation between

  13. Analytical Microscopy and Imaging Science | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analytical Microscopy and Imaging Science An image of interconnecting yellow and red particles NREL uses transmission/scanning electron and scanning probe techniques to measure the chemical, structural, morphological, electrical, interfacial, and luminescent properties on the nano to Angstrom scale. We investigate such properties in a wide range of photovoltaic and semiconducting materials, with particular emphasis on extended defects and interfaces and how these affect device performance. A

  14. 'Most Influential Scientific Minds'

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Security Administration 'Lollachilipalooza' benefits Feds Feed Families effort Tuesday, August 19, 2014 - 3:40pm Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman led his band, "Yellow Cake," at "Lollachilipalooza" today to benefit DOE's 2014 Feds Feed Families effort. Poneman was joined by Deputy Chief of Staff Jonathan Levy on drums, Deputy Assistant Secretary Julio Friedman on keyboards, and a special guest appearance featuring the vocal talents of Anna Ruch from the

  15. Microsoft Word - Blurbs for Nik.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NFPA Chemical Labeling System The NFPA diamond is a coded symbol which combines both color and numerical rating (0-4) to indicate the degree of hazard associated with the substance. Blue = Health Red = Flammability Yellow = Reactivity White = Other Flammability (flash points) Health 0 = Will not burn 0 = Normal Material 1 = above 200 degrees Fahrenheit 1 = Slight Hazard 2 = Between 100-200 degrees Fahrenheit 2 = Moderately Hazardous 3 = Below 100 degrees Fahrenheit 3 = Extremely Hazardous 4 =

  16. Solvation Structure and Transport Properties of Alkali Cations in Dimethyl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sulfoxide Under Exogenous Static Electric Fields - Joint Center for Energy Storage Research June 14, 2015, Research Highlights Solvation Structure and Transport Properties of Alkali Cations in Dimethyl Sulfoxide Under Exogenous Static Electric Fields Top: Snapshots of molecular dynamics simulations of alkali ions in DMSO at 298 K and zero-applied electric field: (left) Li+ and (right) Cs+. Sulfur atoms are shown in yellow, oxygen atoms in red, and methyl groups in gray. Graph: Average

  17. Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment experimental hall during installation A view of the experimental hall during installation of the components of the Big Electron Telescope Array. The High Momentum Spectrometer (left in blue and yellow) and the new Cerenkov detector (red with "T") are being used in the experiment. If you want to make a volcano erupt for a science demonstration, most parents know that adding a little vinegar to a solution of

  18. Lattice design for head-on beam-beam compensation at RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montag, C.

    2011-03-28

    Electron lenses for head-on beam-beam compensation will be installed in IP 10 at RHIC. Compensation of the beam-beam effect experienced at IP 8 requires betatron phase advances of {Delta}{psi} = k {center_dot} {pi} between the proton-proton interaction point at IP 8, and the electron lens at IP 10. This paper describes the lattice solutions for both the BLUE and the YELLOW ring to achieve this goal.

  19. Scientists use plasma shaping to control turbulence in stellarators |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Scientists use plasma shaping to control turbulence in stellarators By John Greenwald October 21, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Magnetic field strength in the turbulence-optimized MPX stellarator design with regions of the highest strength shown in yellow. The MPX design is named for coauthors Harry Mynick and Neil Pomphrey of PPPL and Pavlos Xanthopoulos of the Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics. Magnetic field strength in the

  20. Decoding dark matter in genes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decoding dark matter in genes Decoding dark matter in genes Possible future applications, for example, include making new cancer therapies based on how ribosomes differentiate in healthy versus cancerous tissue. February 19, 2016 Decoding dark matter in genes In 1994, researchers from Harvard and Stanford published a paper in which they described three mice: one was yellow and fat, one mottled and fat, and the last one was brown and lean. An ordinary image, except for one thing: despite being so

  1. Materials Discovery | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discovery Images of red and yellow particles NREL's research in materials discovery serves as a foundation for technological progress in renewable energies. Our experimental activities in inorganic solid-state materials innovation span a broad range of technological readiness levels-from basic science through applied research to device development-relying on a high-throughput combinatorial materials science approach, followed by traditional targeted experiments. In addition, our researchers work

  2. 2012 Hanford Advisory Board / TPA Agency Priorities Tracking Table

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Updated 2012.3.6 Priorities adopted at the September 2011 Board Meeting 1/9 2012 Hanford Advisory Board / TPA Agency Priorities Tracking Table (Highlighted yellow indicates an emerging priority issue) Topic (numbered for reference, not as indication of priority) Priority For: Committee(s): Issue Managers Committee/ Agency Dialogue Status Advice Agency Response Notes Cross-cutting Issues Worker Safety HAB HSEP: Smith, Korenko  Ongoing ` TPA Requirements / Consent Decree Milestones HAB

  3. 2012 Hanford Advisory Board / TPA Agency Priorities Tracking Table

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Updated 2012.9.7 Priorities adopted at the September 2011 Board Meeting 1/9 2012 Hanford Advisory Board / TPA Agency Priorities Tracking Table (Highlighted yellow indicates an emerging priority issue) Topic Priority For: Committee(s): Issue Managers Committee/ Agency Dialogue Status Advice Agency Response Notes Cross-cutting Issues Worker Safety HAB HSEP: Smith, Korenko, Holland, Hanses  Ongoing 255 258 Draft ISM advice DOE None yet -- Discussions re: Beryllium, emergency response, Hanta

  4. Fiber Characterization and Analysis | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fiber Characterization and Analysis Images with recognized fiber edges. Diameter equals the measurement between each yellow and red pair lines. The tool is ideal for characterizing fibers in challenging images. Pictured are real images obtained in Argonne National Laboratory experiments, representing different types of nanofiber image challenges: fiber with beads (top left); curved fibers, measured with pre-defined curvature allowance (top right); wetting, which creates reversed contrast (bottom

  5. Hanford Advisory Board Draft Advice Topic: In-trench Macroencapsulation of Waste at the Environmental Restoration Disposal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Topic: In-trench Macroencapsulation of Waste at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility Authors: Bloom, Cimon, Hudson, Vanni, Pollet and Leckband Originating Committee: River & Plateau Version #1 : Color: __pink__yellow__green__salmon__purple_X_blue Background Worker safety during the performance of work to achieve environmental clean-up at Hanford is a core value of the Hanford Advisory Board (Board) as articulated in the Hanford Advisory Board Values White Paper (11/2/2012). As

  6. Hanford Advisory Board Draft Advice Topic: Transportation Infrastructure Updates Safety Consideration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transportation Infrastructure Updates Safety Consideration Authors: Bloom, Korenko & Holland Originating Committee: Health, Safety & Environmental Protection Version #1 Color: __pink_X_yellow__green__salmon__purple__blue Background The Hanford Advisory Board (Board) understands that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently focusing on updates to the Hanford Site infrastructure, including water, sewer, data, utilities, roads, and traffic safety. The Board is aware of the effort

  7. WIPP Begins Underground Decontamination Activities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Yellow brattice cloth is suspended from the ceiling in this disposal room. It is rolled down to prevent air flow to the room. Brattice cloth also will serve as a barrier to decontaminate floors. WIPP UPDATE: March 13, 2015 WIPP Begins Underground Decontamination Activities Activities are underway in WIPP's underground facility to address the radioactive contamination that remains as a result of the February 14, 2014 event. Employees are using a modified piece of agricultural spraying equipment

  8. Seminar Series | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Seminar Series Seminar Series Dr. Tristram Kidder Ancient Lessons for Modern Times: An Environmental History of the Yellow River, China, 5000-2000 BC Donald Ort Too Green? Dr. Terry Bricker Structural Interactions of the Extrinsic Proteins in Higher Plant Photosystem II Dr. David Tiede "Wiring Photosynthetic and Redox Proteins for Solar Fuels Function" Dr. Su Lin "Electron Transfer Kinetics in Bacterial Reaction Center" Dr. Donald Bryant "Far-red light photoacclimation

  9. Cosmic Reionization On Computers | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Simulation of cosmic reionization Simulation of cosmic reionization. Dark red shows opaque neutral gas, transparent blue is ionized gas, and yellow dots are galaxies. Nick Gnedin, Fermilab Cosmic Reionization On Computers PI Name: Nickolay Gnedin PI Email: gnedin@fnal.gov Institution: Fermilab Allocation Program: INCITE Allocation Hours at ALCF: 65 Million Year: 2016 Research Domain: Physics Cosmic reionization, the most recent phase transition in the history of the universe, is the process by

  10. Crystal nucleation and near-epitaxial growth in nacre

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crystal nucleation and near-epitaxial growth in nacre Crystal nucleation and near-epitaxial growth in nacre Print Thursday, 12 December 2013 13:56 Nacre--the iridescent inner lining of many mollusk shells-- has a unique strcuture that is remarkably resistant to fracture. The nacre featured on this cover is from Haliotis laevigata with average layer thickness 470-nm. The colors represent crystal orientationthe crystal lattice tilts across tablets.left stack all tablets are yellow, hence all

  11. ZnCuInS/ZnSe/ZnS Quantum Dot-Based Downconversion Light-Emitting Diodes and Their Thermal Effect

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Wenyan; Zhang, Yu; Ruan, Cheng; Wang, Dan; Zhang, Tieqiang; Feng, Yi; Gao, Wenzhu; Yin, Jingzhi; Wang, Yiding; Riley, Alexis P.; et al

    2015-01-01

    The quantum dot-based light-emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) were fabricated using blue GaN chips and red-, yellow-, and green-emitting ZnCuInS/ZnSe/ZnS QDs. The power efficiencies were measured as 14.0 lm/W for red, 47.1 lm/W for yellow, and 62.4 lm/W for green LEDs at 2.6 V. The temperature effect of ZnCuInS/ZnSe/ZnS QDs on these LEDs was investigated using CIE chromaticity coordinates, spectral wavelength, full width at half maximum (FWHM), and power efficiency (PE). The thermal quenching induced by the increased surface temperature of the device was confirmed to be one of the important factors to decrease power efficiencies while the CIE chromaticity coordinates changed little due to themore » low emission temperature coefficients of 0.022, 0.050, and 0.068 nm/°C for red-, yellow-, and green-emitting ZnCuInS/ZnSe/ZnS QDs. These indicate that ZnCuInS/ZnSe/ZnS QDs are more suitable for downconversion LEDs compared to CdSe QDs.« less

  12. National Bio-fuel Energy Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jezierski, Kelly

    2010-12-27

    The National Biofuel Energy Laboratory or NBEL was a consortia consisting of non-profits, universities, industry, and OEMs. NextEnergy Center (NEC) in Detroit, Michigan was the prime with Wayne State University as the primary subcontractor. Other partners included: Art Van Furniture; Biodiesel Industries Inc. (BDI); Bosch; Clean Emission Fluids (CEF); Delphi; Oakland University; U.S. TARDEC (The Army); and later Cummins Bridgeway. The program was awarded to NextEnergy by U.S. DOE-NREL on July 1, 2005. The period of performance was about five (5) years, ending June 30, 2010. This program was executed in two phases: 1.Phase I focused on bench-scale R&D and performance-property-relationships. 2.Phase II expanded those efforts into further engine testing, emissions testing, and on-road fleet testing of biodiesel using additional types of feedstock (i.e., corn, and choice white grease based). NextEnergy a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization based in Detroit was originally awarded a $1.9 million grant from the U.S. Dept. of Energy for Phase I of the NBEL program. A few years later, NextEnergy and its partners received an additional $1.9MM in DOE funding to complete Phase II. The NBEL funding was completely exhausted by the program end date of June 30, 2010 and the cost share commitment of 20% minimum has been exceeded nearly two times over. As a result of the work performed by the NBEL consortia, the following successes were realized: 1.Over one hundred publications and presentations have been delivered by the NBEL consortia, including but not limited to: R&D efforts on algae-based biodiesel, novel heterogeneous catalysis, biodiesel properties from a vast array of feedstock blends, cold flow properties, engine testing results (several Society of Automotive Engineers [SAE] papers have been published on this research), emissions testing results, and market quality survey results. 2.One new spinoff company (NextCAT) was formed by two WSU Chemical Engineering professors and another co-founder, based on a novel heterogeneous catalyst that may be retrofitted into idled biodiesel manufacturing facilities to restart production at a greatly reduced cost. 3.Three patents have been filed by WSU and granted based on the NextCAT focus. 4.The next-generation advanced biodiesel dispensing unit (CEF F.A.S.T. unit version 2) was developed by Clean Emission Fluids (CEF). 5.NBEL aided in the preparing a sound technical basis for setting an ASTM B20 standard: ASTM Standard D7467-08 was passed in June of 2008 and officially published on October of 2008. 6.NBEL has helped to understand composition-property-performance relationships, from not only a laboratory and field testing scale, for biodiesel blends from a spectrum of feedstocks. 7.NBEL helped propel the development of biodiesel with improved performance, cetane numbers, cold flow properties, and oxidative stability. 8.Data for over 30,000 miles has been logged for the fleet testing that select members of the consortia participated in. There were five vehicles that participated in the fleet testing. Art Van provided two vehicles, one that remained idle for most of the time and one that was used often for commercial furniture deliveries, Oakland University provided one vehicle, NEC provided one vehicle, and The Night Move provided one vehicle. These vehicles were light to medium duty (2.0 to 6.6 L displacement), used B5 or B20 blends from multiple sources of feedstock (corn-, choice white grease-, and soybean-based blends) and sources (NextDiesel, BDI, or Wacker Oil), experienced a broad range in ambient temperatures (from -9 F in Michigan winters to 93 F in the summertime), and both city and highway driving conditions.

  13. Method of and apparatus for recovery of waste energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molitor, V. D.

    1985-07-16

    A holding tank receives waste water from a dishwasher or laundry machine having a rinse cycle and at least one wash cycle. A pump moves the waste water through a heat exchanger at the same time that the rinse cycle requires hot water from a hot water heater. The cold water feed for the hot water heater is also passed in countercurrent heat exchange relationship with the waste water to provide warmed or heated makeup water at the same time that hot water is being withdrawn therefrom. The cooled waste water from the heat exchanger may be collected in a tank and supplied to any one or more of several additional devices, such as a water cooled refrigerant compressor, a grease extraction ventilator having water contact means, a waste food grinder, etc. The ventilator and compressor may also be placed in series, while the cooling water heated in the compressor is recirculated to the heat exchanger. The holding tank may be mounted directly beneath the dishwasher, or the holding tank and countercurrent heat exchanger may be placed in a common housing, with the holding tank beneath the heat exchanger and a pump to transfer the waste water from the holding tank to the appropriate tubes of the coils of the heat exchanger, from which waste water may be discharged into a discharge area adjacent the holding tank. A removable screen for the waste water may be provided above the holding tank in each instance. When a discharge area is adjacent the holding tank, the screen will be self-cleaning, due to flow of incoming waste water across the screen and into the discharge area, when the screen is occluded.

  14. QA procedures and emissions from nonstandard sources in AQUIS, a PC-based emission inventory and air permit manager

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, A.E.; Tschanz, J.; Monarch, M.

    1996-05-01

    The Air Quality Utility Information System (AQUIS) is a database management system that operates under dBASE IV. It runs on an IBM-compatible personal computer (PC) with MS DOS 5.0 or later, 4 megabytes of memory, and 30 megabytes of disk space. AQUIS calculates emissions for both traditional and toxic pollutants and reports emissions in user-defined formats. The system was originally designed for use at 7 facilities of the Air Force Materiel Command, and now more than 50 facilities use it. Within the last two years, the system has been used in support of Title V permit applications at Department of Defense facilities. Growth in the user community, changes and additions to reference emission factor data, and changing regulatory requirements have demanded additions and enhancements to the system. These changes have ranged from adding or updating an emission factor to restructuring databases and adding new capabilities. Quality assurance (QA) procedures have been developed to ensure that emission calculations are correct even when databases are reconfigured and major changes in calculation procedures are implemented. This paper describes these QA and updating procedures. Some user facilities include light industrial operations associated with aircraft maintenance. These facilities have operations such as fiberglass and composite layup and plating operations for which standard emission factors are not available or are inadequate. In addition, generally applied procedures such as material balances may need special treatment to work in an automated environment, for example, in the use of oils and greases and when materials such as polyurethane paints react chemically during application. Some techniques used in these situations are highlighted here. To provide a framework for the main discussions, this paper begins with a description of AQUIS.

  15. Reliability of emerging bonded interface materials for large-area attachments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paret, Paul P.; DeVoto, Douglas J.; Narumanchi, Sreekant

    2015-12-30

    In this study, conventional thermal interface materials (TIMs), such as greases, gels, and phase change materials, pose bottlenecks to heat removal and have long caused reliability issues in automotive power electronics packages. Bonded interface materials (BIMs) with superior thermal performance have the potential to be a replacement to the conventional TIMs. However, due to coefficient of thermal expansion mismatches between different components in a package and resultant thermomechanical stresses, fractures or delamination could occur, causing serious reliability concerns. These defects manifest themselves in increased thermal resistance in the package. In this paper, the results of reliability evaluation of emerging BIMs for large-area attachments in power electronics packaging are reported. Thermoplastic (polyamide) adhesive with embedded near-vertical-aligned carbon fibers, sintered silver, and conventional lead solder (Sn63Pb37) materials were bonded between 50.8 mm x 50.8 mm cross-sectional footprint silicon nitride substrates and copper base plate samples, and were subjected to accelerated thermal cycling until failure or 2500 cycles. Damage in the BIMs was monitored every 100 cycles by scanning acoustic microscopy. Thermoplastic with embedded carbon fibers performed the best with no defects, whereas sintered silver and lead solder failed at 2300 and 1400 thermal cycles, respectively. Besides thermal cycling, additional lead solder samples were subjected to thermal shock and thermal cycling with extended dwell periods. A finite element method (FEM)-based model was developed to simulate the behavior of lead solder under thermomechanical loading. Strain energy density per cycle results were calculated from the FEM simulations. A predictive lifetime model was formulated for lead solder by correlating strain energy density results extracted from modeling with cycles-to-failure obtained from experimental accelerated tests. A power-law-based approach was used to formulate the - redictive lifetime model.

  16. Anaerobic co-digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste with FOG waste from a sewage treatment plant: Recovering a wasted methane potential and enhancing the biogas yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin-Gonzalez, L.; Colturato, L.F.; Font, X.; Vicent, T.

    2010-10-15

    Anaerobic digestion is applied widely to treat the source collected organic fraction of municipal solid wastes (SC-OFMSW). Lipid-rich wastes are a valuable substrate for anaerobic digestion due to their high theoretical methane potential. Nevertheless, although fat, oil and grease waste from sewage treatment plants (STP-FOGW) are commonly disposed of in landfill, European legislation is aimed at encouraging more effective forms of treatment. Co-digestion of the above wastes may enhance valorisation of STP-FOGW and lead to a higher biogas yield throughout the anaerobic digestion process. In the present study, STP-FOGW was evaluated as a co-substrate in wet anaerobic digestion of SC-OFMSW under mesophilic conditions (37 {sup o}C). Batch experiments carried out at different co-digestion ratios showed an improvement in methane production related to STP-FOGW addition. A 1:7 (VS/VS) STP-FOGW:SC-OFMSW feed ratio was selected for use in performing further lab-scale studies in a 5 L continuous reactor. Biogas yield increased from 0.38 {+-} 0.02 L g VS{sub feed}{sup -1} to 0.55 {+-} 0.05 L g VS{sub feed}{sup -1} as a result of adding STP-FOGW to reactor feed. Both VS reduction values and biogas methane content were maintained and inhibition produced by long chain fatty acid (LCFA) accumulation was not observed. Recovery of a currently wasted methane potential from STP-FOGW was achieved in a co-digestion process with SC-OFMSW.

  17. Limited site investigation of Landfills 1 and 4, Fort Lewis, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Last, G.V.; Eddy, P.A.; Airhart, S.P.; Olsen, K.R.; Raymond, J.R.; Dahl, D.R.

    1990-08-01

    The information presented in this report was collected during limited site investigation activities conducted in the vicinity of Landfills 1 and 4 at Fort Lewis. The purpose of this work was to provide a means of detecting and evaluating the impacts of these inactive landfills on ground-water quality and adjacent lands. This effort included the design and construction of ground-water monitoring systems for compliance with applicable federal and state regulations governing Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)-type landfills. Ground-water samples were collected from both existing (1981 and 1984) wells and the newly installed (1988) wells. The analytical results from the water samples indicate that the ground water in and around Landfill 1 contains limited contamination. Contaminants may include volatile organic compounds and nitrate. The primary concern in the area around Landfill 1 was the determination that ground water from two wells may contain cis-1,2-dichloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethylene above drinking water standards. Nitrate levels in the downgradient wells were greater than those in upgradient wells and exceeded drinking water standards in some of the less-representative samples. Analyses of ground-water samples from wells in and around Landfill 4 indicate several contaminants may be present. These include volatile organic compounds (principally cis-1,2-dichloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethylene), coliform, oil and grease, and perhaps some metals (iron and magnesium). The primary concern in the area around Landfill 4 was the determination that ground water from five wells contained cis-1,2-dichloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethylene above drinking water standards. The source of contaminants beneath either landfill cannot yet be identified. Insufficient data exist to disprove or confirm either landfill as possible contributors. 19 refs., 32 figs., 17 tabs.

  18. TREATMENT OF PRODUCED OIL AND GAS WATERS WITH SURFACTANT-MODIFIED ZEOLITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynn E. Katz; R.S. Bowman; E.J. Sullivan

    2003-11-01

    Co-produced water from the oil and gas industry accounts for a significant waste stream in the United States. It is by some estimates the largest single waste stream in the country, aside from nonhazardous industrial wastes. Characteristics of produced water include high total dissolved solids content, dissolved organic constituents such as benzene and toluene, an oil and grease component, and chemicals added during the oil-production process. While most of the produced water is disposed via reinjection, some must be treated to remove organic constituents before the water is discharged. Current treatment options are successful in reducing the organic content; however, they cannot always meet the levels of current or proposed regulations for discharged water. Therefore, an efficient, cost-effective treatment technology is needed. Surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ) has been used successfully to treat contaminated ground water for organic and inorganic constituents. In addition, the low cost of natural zeolites makes their use attractive in water-treatment applications. This report summarizes the work and results of this four-year project. We tested the effectiveness of surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ) for removal of BTEX with batch and column experiments using waters with BTEX concentrations that are comparable to those of produced waters. The data from our experimental investigations showed that BTEX sorption to SMZ can be described by a linear isotherm model, and competitive effects between compounds were not significant. The SMZ can be readily regenerated using air stripping. We field-tested a prototype SMZ-based water treatment system at produced water treatment facilities and found that the SMZ successfully removes BTEX from produced waters as predicted by laboratory studies. When compared to other existing treatment technologies, the cost of the SMZ system is very competitive. Furthermore, the SMZ system is relatively compact, does not require the storage of potentially hazardous chemicals, and could be readily adapted to an automated system.

  19. Reliability of emerging bonded interface materials for large-area attachments

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Paret, Paul P.; DeVoto, Douglas J.; Narumanchi, Sreekant

    2015-12-30

    In this study, conventional thermal interface materials (TIMs), such as greases, gels, and phase change materials, pose bottlenecks to heat removal and have long caused reliability issues in automotive power electronics packages. Bonded interface materials (BIMs) with superior thermal performance have the potential to be a replacement to the conventional TIMs. However, due to coefficient of thermal expansion mismatches between different components in a package and resultant thermomechanical stresses, fractures or delamination could occur, causing serious reliability concerns. These defects manifest themselves in increased thermal resistance in the package. In this paper, the results of reliability evaluation of emerging BIMsmore » for large-area attachments in power electronics packaging are reported. Thermoplastic (polyamide) adhesive with embedded near-vertical-aligned carbon fibers, sintered silver, and conventional lead solder (Sn63Pb37) materials were bonded between 50.8 mm x 50.8 mm cross-sectional footprint silicon nitride substrates and copper base plate samples, and were subjected to accelerated thermal cycling until failure or 2500 cycles. Damage in the BIMs was monitored every 100 cycles by scanning acoustic microscopy. Thermoplastic with embedded carbon fibers performed the best with no defects, whereas sintered silver and lead solder failed at 2300 and 1400 thermal cycles, respectively. Besides thermal cycling, additional lead solder samples were subjected to thermal shock and thermal cycling with extended dwell periods. A finite element method (FEM)-based model was developed to simulate the behavior of lead solder under thermomechanical loading. Strain energy density per cycle results were calculated from the FEM simulations. A predictive lifetime model was formulated for lead solder by correlating strain energy density results extracted from modeling with cycles-to-failure obtained from experimental accelerated tests. A power-law-based approach was used to formulate the - redictive lifetime model.« less

  20. Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank J. Hartz; Rob Taylor; Grant Davies

    2011-12-30

    One of the underlying objectives of this study is to recover the untapped energy in wastewater biomass. Some national statistics worth considering include: (1) 5% of the electrical energy demand in the US is used to treat municipal wastewater; (2) This carbon rich wastewater is an untapped energy resource; (3) Only 10% of wastewater treatment plants (>5mgd) recover energy; (4) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to produce > 575 MW of energy nationwide; and (5) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to capture an additional 175 MW of energy from waste Fats, Oils and Grease. The WSSC conducted this study to determine the feasibility of utilizing anaerobic digestion and combined heat and power (AD/CHP) and/or biosolids gasification and drying facilities to produce and utilize renewable digester biogas. Digester gas is considered a renewable energy source and can be used in place of fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The project focus includes: (1) Converting wastewater Biomass to Electricity; (2) Using innovative technologies to Maximize Energy Recovery; and (3) Enhancing the Environment by reducing nutrient load to waterways (Chesapeake Bay), Sanitary Sewer Overflows (by reducing FOG in sewers) and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The study consisted of these four tasks: (1) Technology screening and alternative shortlisting, answering the question 'what are the most viable and cost effective technical approaches by which to recover and reuse energy from biosolids while reducing disposal volume?'; (2) Energy recovery and disposal reduction potential verification, answering the question 'how much energy can be recovered from biosolids?'; (3) Economic environmental and community benefit analysis, answering the question 'what are the potential economic, environmental and community benefits/impacts of each approach?'; and (4) Recommend the best plan and develop a concept design.

  1. Mixed ligand coordination polymers with flexible bis-imidazole linker and angular sulfonyldibenzoate: Crystal structure, photoluminescence and photocatalytic activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisht, Kamal Kumar; Rachuri, Yadagiri; Parmar, Bhavesh; Suresh, Eringathodi

    2014-05-01

    Four ternary coordination polymers (CPs) namely, ([Ni(SDB)(BITMB)(H{sub 2}O)]H{sub 2}O){sub n} (CP1), ([Cd(SDB)(BITMB) (H{sub 2}O)](THF)(H{sub 2}O)){sub n} (CP2), ([Zn{sub 2}(SDB){sub 2}(BITMB)](THF){sub 2}){sub n} (CP3) and ([Co{sub 2}(SDB){sub 2}(BITMB)](Dioxane){sub 3}){sub n} (CP4) composed of angular dicarboxylate SDB (4,4'-sulfonyldibenzoate) and N-donor BITMB (1,3-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-2,4,6-trimethyl benzene) have been synthesized by solvothermal reactions and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and other physico-chemical techniques. CP1 possesses one-dimensional ribbon type metalorganic motifs glued together by H-bonds and ??? interactions, whereas CP2CP4, exhibit non-interpenetrated sql networks supported by weak supramolecular interactions. Structural diversity of these CPs can be attributed to the coordination geometry adopted by the metal nodes, versatile coordination modes of SDB and conformational flexibility of BITMB. Solid state luminescence properties of CP1CP4 were explored. Photocatalytic performance of all CPs for the decomposition of metanil yellow by dilute hydrogen peroxide in the presence of visible light was also investigated. 2583% dye removal from aqueous solutions in the presence of CP1CP4 was observed. - Graphical abstract: Four new ternary transition metal CPs have been hydrothermally prepared and their structural aspects as well as photocatalytic activity for decolourization of metanil yellow (MY) dye have been investigated. - Highlights: Four ternary coordination polymers containing Ni, Cd, Zn and Co center are prepared. Crystal structure and thermal stability of all four CPs has been described. PL and diffuse reflectance spectra of synthesized CPs have also been examined. Band gap values suggest semiconducting behavior of prepared CPs. Photocatalytic activity of CPs for oxidative degradation of metanil yellow is studied.

  2. A practical application for the chemical treatment of Southern California`s reclaimed, Title 22 water for use as makeup water for recirculating cooling water systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakrzewski, J.; Cosulich, J.; Bartling, E.

    1998-12-31

    Pilot cooling water studies conducted at a Southern California landfill/cogeneration station demonstrated a successful chemical treatment program for recirculating cooling water that used unnitrified, reclaimed, Title 22 water as the primary makeup water source. The constituents in the reclaimed water are supplied by variety of residential and waste water sources resulting in a water quality that may vary to a greater degree than domestic water supplies. This water contains high concentrations of orthophosphate, ammonia, chlorides and suspended solids. The impact of which, under cycled conditions is calcium orthophosphate scaling, high corrosion of yellow metal and mild steel, stress cracking of copper alloys and stainless steel and rapidly growing biological activity. A mobile cooling water testing laboratory with two pilot recirculating water systems modeled the cogeneration station`s cooling tower operating conditions and parameters. The tube and shell, tube side cooling heat exchangers were fitted with 443 admiralty, 90/10 copper nickel, 316 stainless steel and 1202 mild steel heat exchanger tubes. Coupons and Corrater electrodes were also installed. A chemical treatment program consisting of 60/40 AA/AMPS copolymer for scale, deposits and dispersion, sodium tolyltriazole for yellow metal corrosion, and a bromination program to control the biological activity was utilized in the pilot systems. Recirculating water orthophosphate concentrations reached levels of 70 mg/L as PO, and ammonia concentrations reached levels of 35 mg/L, as total NH3. The study successfully demonstrated a chemical treatment program to control scale and deposition, minimize admiralty, 90/10 copper nickel and carbon steel corrosion rates, prevent non-heat transfer yellow metal and stainless steel stress cracking, and control the biological activity in this high nutrient water.

  3. Notices

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Water consumption would vary, primarily because of the length of the corridor, ranging ... am BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Intent to Prepare an ...

  4. Advocate newsletter - Ocotber 2015.indd

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... I learned this fi rst- hand during the 2015 Community Involvement Training Conference sponsored by the EPA in Atlanta, Ga., August 4-6. While community "outreach" primarily is ...

  5. Anaerobic Digester Gas-to-Electricity Rebate and Performance Incentive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Anaerobic Digester Gas-to-Electricity program is designed to support small-sized electricity generation where the energy generated is used primarily at the electric customer's location (third...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements A vehicle weighing 6,000 pounds or less that is primarily powered by a source other than a combustion engine may be considered an...

  7. Experimental Station 1-5 | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -5 Beamline 1-5 is a bend magnet end station dedicated primarily to small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS), with the capability to perform wide angle x-ray scattering experiments as...

  8. Experimental Station 10-1 | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Beamline 10-1 is a wiggler side-station beamline for X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and core-level Photoelectron Spectroscopy. It has a generic chamber for primarily ex-situ...

  9. Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... How- ever, since this approach relies primarily on static or area sampling, some ... Environ Health Perspect 114(1):51-58. Fuchs NA 1964. The mechanics of aerosols. Ox- ...

  10. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    today operates within the Department of Energy under the authority of Section 5 of the ... By law, Southwestern's power is marketed and delivered primarily to public bodies such as ...

  11. Microsoft Word - Los Alamos National Security, LLC_SUPP LIFE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Children must be unmarried and are covered from Live Birth to 26 years old * Unmarried Children over age 26 may be covered if they are disabled and primarily dependent upon the...

  12. IDC Re-Engineering Phase 2 Architecture Document.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, John F.

    2015-12-01

    This document contains a description of the system architecture for the IDC Re-Engineering Phase 2 project. This is a draft version that primarily provides background information for understanding delivered Use Case Realizations.

  13. Solar Energy International Solar PV 101 Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar Energy International is offering a five-day training that provides an overview of the three basic PV system applications, primarily focusing on grid-direct systems. The goal of the course is...

  14. EIS-0327: Disposition of Scrap Metals Programmatic EIS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE announced its intent to prepare an EIS that would evaluate the environmental impacts of policy alternatives for the disposition of scrap metals (primarily carbon steel and stainless steel) that may have residual surface radioactivity. DOE cancelled this EIS.

  15. Renewable Energy Tax Credit for Manufacturers (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    S.B. 1484 of 2014 provides a tax credit for new renewable energy systems that produce energy for self-consumption and are used primarily for manufacturing. H.B. 2670 of 2015 expanded this credit ...

  16. Lessons Learned Quarterly Report, June 1995

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    January 1 and March 31, 1995. It is based primarily on responses to the revised questionnaire that was provided for use during January 1995, and includes information on direct and indirect NEPA...

  17. Fact #576: June 22, 2009 Carbon Dioxide from Gasoline and Diesel Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by a vehicle is primarily determined by the carbon content of the fuel. However, there is a small portion of the fuel that is not oxidized...

  18. SPEAR3 Mini-Lehman Review Committee Comments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on schedule. Costs were over budget primarily due to the bidding environment resulting in only one bidder for the job. Last Updated: 27 FEB 2001 Content Owner: T. Elioff Page ...

  19. Core Holes At Fort Bliss Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    hole, 4" diameter core) string. The lower percentage for the BSF string was primarily a fi,mctionof large voids encountered in the upper part of the hole, where the rock was more...

  20. Sterling Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ethanol LLC Place: Colorado Product: Owned by local investors including farmers, ranchers and business people that primarily reside in north-west Colorado, and set up to build and...

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Pub

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    from 3.4 MMbbld in 2012 to 4.3 MMbbld in 2040, primarily for use in HDVs. Both ethanol blending into gasoline and E85 consumption are essentially flat throughout the...

  2. DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0010-EA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley, which are located primarily on federal lands managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The BLM is the lead agency for this EA in accordance with the National...

  3. Beamline 5.4.3

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interferometer resolution 0.00096 cm-1 Endstations Bruker IFS 125HR with 9 scanner chambers Characteristics High resolution Far-IR to Mid-IR spectroscopy primarily for gas phase...

  4. Introduction - AMO Strategic and Technology Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Economy: 95 Quads Industry: 31 Quads Economy- wide energy use Fuel mix shows diverse nature of industry energy use * Renewables consist primarily of biomass energy (2.238 ...

  5. icf | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (KrF) laser. Nike was developed primarily to investigate interactions of high intensity KrF light with matter. The target facility is well equipped for experiments on laser ...

  6. Nike | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (KrF) laser. Nike was developed primarily to investigate interactions of high intensity KrF light with matter. The target facility is well equipped for experiments on laser ...

  7. technology | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (KrF) laser. Nike was developed primarily to investigate interactions of high intensity KrF light with matter. The target facility is well equipped for experiments on laser ...

  8. nike | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (KrF) laser. Nike was developed primarily to investigate interactions of high intensity KrF light with matter. The target facility is well equipped for experiments on laser ...

  9. Renewable Energy Tax Credit for Manufacturers (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    S.B. 1484 of 2014 provides a tax credit for new renewable energy systems that produce energy for self-consumption and are used primarily for manufacturing. H.B. 2670 of 2015 expanded this credit ...

  10. Experimental Station 4-2 | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Beam line 4-2 is a small-angle scatteringdiffraction station dedicated to structural biology studies primarily on non-crystalline systems. The instrument covers the range of...

  11. WPN 10-15a: Guidance Regarding Accrual of Benefits to Low-Income Tenants in Multifamily Buildings Under the Weatherization Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To issue guidance for Grantees on establishing procedures to ensure that the benefits of weatherization assistance in connection with multifamily buildings compromised of rental units will accrue primarily to the low-income tenants residing in such units.

  12. 2015 Annual Merit Review, Vehicle Technologies Office

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... The reviewer added that this is the HD version of the hybrid test procedure for passenger cars (J1711). This working group focused primarily on chassis dyno testing, but has ...

  13. Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the purposes of this exemption, a solar energy device means "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating or cooling or to produce electrical or mechanical power by...

  14. Cray Corporate Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... interface with ALPS primarily via aprun PBSTORQUE & MOAB All jobs on the local XTs are batch jobs MOAB is an advanced job scheduler that is used on Jaguar and ...

  15. Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krstulovich, S.F.

    1987-10-31

    This report is developed as part of the Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis.

  16. BPA-2012-01815-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Engineers' role in our NEPA process? Answer: The Corps is a cooperating agency in this process. The Corps' role is primarily to implement the requirements of the federal Clean...

  17. David J. Weitzman- Biography

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    David Weitzman is an industrial hygienist in the DOE's Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Safety and Health Policy. He primarily has been engaged in developing worker protection policy since joining the DOE in 1990.

  18. El Grupo Jorge | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jorge Jump to: navigation, search Name: El Grupo Jorge Place: Spain Product: Spanish meat producer, primarily in the pork sector. References: El Grupo Jorge1 This article is a...

  19. PostScriptum UK Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: PostScriptum is a private equity group holding a portfolio of investments in start-up and niche situations, primarily but not exclusively in the energy sector. References:...

  20. Nanocatalytic Conversion of Biomass into Second-Generation Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-04-01

    This factsheet describes a study whose focus is on unconventional feedstocks for ansportation fuel and commodity chemicals, primarily lignin, testing novel nanocatalytic pathways for the decomposition of refractory materials into useful building block chemicals.

  1. Energy Savings Potential and Opportunities for High-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Table 3.1 was primarily developed from engineering data collected as part of DOE's energy ... including vacuum cleaners, house fans, food mixers, power tools, garage door openers, etc. ...

  2. Administrative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Management provides many of the administrative services that keep the Department of Energy operational.  These functions are primarily provided by the Office of Administration, MA-40,...

  3. Cinco de Mayo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    May 5. It is celebrated in the United States and in Mexico, primarily in the state of Puebla, where the holiday is called El Da de la Batalla de Puebla (English: The Day of the...

  4. NETL: Feed Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to higher-rank, drier, and more expensive coals (primarily bituminous coal). In other words, if low-rank coals were to be slurried, their inherent high moisture levels combined...

  5. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    consumers of African crude oil, primarily light sweet crude from Nigeria, Algeria, and Angola, with the United States taking 2 million bbld, or about one-quarter, of African crude...

  6. File Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on PDSF please see Eliza File Systems and Other File Systems. Below is a summary of how ATLAS uses the various systems: common In the past ATLAS used common primarily for their...

  7. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    of lower year-over-year growth. Weak GDP growth in these emerging markets has a greater impact on global distillate demand, which is used primarily in the transportation of goods...

  8. A Look at Education Buildings - Index Page

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    may be part of an education campus or complex, it is not necessarily considered to be an education building in the CBECS. If the building is not used primarily for classroom...

  9. Raexplore: Enabling Rapid, Automated Architecture Exploration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... time of all applications except Nekbone is primarily bound by memory latency (Figure 12). ... We will release Raexplore as an open- source tool. We have also developed a web ...

  10. Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A "solar energy device" for the purpose of this incentive is defined as "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating, to provide cooling, to produce electrical power, t...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Equipment Property Tax Exemption A "solar energy device" for the purpose of this incentive is defined as "a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating, to...

  12. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    most part, these analyses rely primarily on data filed by natural gas importers and exporters with our office. Listed below are the analyses available and the date of issuance....

  13. ARM - Instrument - ecor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are deployed at the locations where other methods for surface flux measurements (e.g., energy balance Bowen ratio systems) are difficult to employ, primarily at the north edge...

  14. Droughts in the Southwest- Water Policy of the Past, Present, and Future

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Arizona State University School of Sustainability is hosting a webinar examining the drought in the Southwestern United States. The focus is primarily on California as a harbinger for other...

  15. Energy Information Administration/Annual Energy Review

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    79 Diagram 3. Natural Gas Flow, 2001 (Trillion Cubic Feet) a Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and a small quantity used as vehicle...

  16. Annual Energy Review, 1996

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3. Natural Gas Flow, 1996 (Trillion Cubic Feet) a b Includes lease and plant fuel. Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and a small...

  17. Annual Energy Review 1997

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    65 Diagram 3. Natural Gas Flow, 1997 (Trillion Cubic Feet) a Includes lease and plant fuel. b Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and a...

  18. Annual Energy Review 1998

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    65 Diagram 3. Natural Gas Flow, 1998 (Trillion Cubic Feet) a Includes lease and plant fuel. b Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and a...

  19. Federal Fuels Taxes and Tax Credits (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    Provides a review and update of the handling of federal fuels taxes and tax credits, focusing primarily on areas for which regulations have changed or the handling of taxes or credits has been updated in Annual Energy Outlook 2009.

  20. Working Families Tax Relief Act of 2004 (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    The Working Families Tax Relief Act of 2004 was signed into law on October 13, 2004. Primarily, the Act reduces taxes for individuals and businesses. At least two provisions relate to energy: Depletion of marginal properties and qualified vehicles.