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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries...

2

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

3

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL 2012 DOE...

4

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall Project Goal: To research, develop and demonstrate large format lithium ion cells with energy density > 500 WhL Barriers addressed: - Low energy density - Cost -...

5

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Review ES-127 Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Erin O'Driscoll (PI) Han Wu (Presenter) Dow Kokam May 13,...

6

The Formation of Constellation III in the Large Magellanic Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed reconstruction of the star-formation history of the Constellation III region in the Large Magellanic Cloud, to constrain the formation mechanism of this enigmatic feature. Star formation in Constellation III seems to have taken place during two distinct epochs: there is the 8-15 Myr epoch that had previously been recognized, but we also see strong evidence for a separate "burst" of star formation 25-30 Myr ago. The "super-supernova" or GRB blast wave model for the formation of Constellation III is difficult to reconcile with such an extended, two-epoch star formation history, because the shock wave should have induced star formation throughout the structure simultaneously, and any unconsumed gas would quickly be dissipated, leaving nothing from which to form a subsequent burst of activity. We propose a "truly stochastic" self-propagating star formation model, distinct from the canonical model in which star formation proceeds in a radially-directed wave from the center of Constellation III to its perimeter. As others have noted, and we now confirm, the bulk age gradients demanded by such a model are simply not present in Constellation III. In our scenario, the prestellar gas is somehow pushed into these large-scale arc structures, without simultaneously triggering immediate and violent star formation throughout the structure. Rather, star formation proceeds in the arc according to the local physical conditions of the gas. Self-propagating star formation is certainly possible, but in a truly stochastic manner, without a directed, large scale pattern.

Jason Harris; Dennis Zaritsky

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

7

Signal Formation in a Detector with one Large Dimension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the theory for the signal formation in a multi conductor detector with cylindrical geometry and long length. There exists electromagnetic wave propagation along the large dimension of the detector. The system is equivalent to a multi conductor transmission line. The treatment is in the TEM approximation. Each conductor is fed by its current source which is the same as in the case of small size detectors. A simple example is given for a long length Monitored Drift Tube (MDT). One could apply the result to a long micromegas-type detector or any long microstrip detector, ignoring propagation that is transverse to the strips.

Dris, Manolis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Signal Formation in a Detector with one Large Dimension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the theory for the signal formation in a multi conductor detector with cylindrical geometry and long length. There exists electromagnetic wave propagation along the large dimension of the detector. The system is equivalent to a multi conductor transmission line. The treatment is in the TEM approximation. Each conductor is fed by its current source which is the same as in the case of small size detectors. A simple example is given for a long length Monitored Drift Tube (MDT). One could apply the result to a long micromegas-type detector or any long microstrip detector, ignoring propagation that is transverse to the strips.

Manolis Dris

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

9

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Cars Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 BMW X1 sDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 FORD C-MAX Hybrid 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DFMXV02.0VZL large car 7 45 40 43 10 yes 2013 FORD Taurus 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DFMXV02.0VE6 large car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.01FE large car 6 22 34 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2.4 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.41GE large car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata

10

Large-Format X-Ray Pinhole Camera  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

National Security Technologies, LLC, has successfully implemented many scientific and engineering innovations in the new Large-Format Pinhole Camera (LFPHC), which have dramatically increased the detection sensitivity and reliability of the camera in exotic locations, such as the Sandia National Laboratories Z-facility. Quality improvements of the LFPHC have been demonstrated in its fielding at Z, where high-quality images were recorded. A major improvement was the development of a new, user-friendly LFPHC camera back that would tolerate high radiation, electromagnetic interference, and mechanical shock. Key modifications resulted in improved detection sensitivity, spatial resolution, uniformity along the microchannel plate strip, and stability of the interframe timing and delay. Design considerations and improvements will be discussed.

Nathan Joseph (NSTec); Aric Tibbits (NSTec); Ming Wu (NSTec); Gordon Chandler (Sandia)

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

11

Rapid formation of large dust grains in the luminous supernova SN 2010jl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The origin of dust in galaxies is still a mystery. The majority of the refractory elements are produced in supernova explosions but it is unclear how and where dust grains condense and grow, and how they avoid destruction in the harsh environments of star-forming galaxies. The recent detection of 0.1-0.5 solar masses of dust in nearby supernova remnants suggests in situ dust formation, while other observations reveal very little dust in supernovae the first few years after explosion. Observations of the bright SN 2010jl have been interpreted as pre-existing dust, dust formation or no dust at all. Here we report the rapid (40-240 days) formation of dust in its dense circumstellar medium. The wavelength dependent extinction of this dust reveals the presence of very large (> 1 micron) grains, which are resistant to destructive processes. At later times (500-900 days), the near-IR thermal emission shows an accelerated growth in dust mass, marking the transition of the supernova from a circumstellar- to an ejecta-...

Gall, Christa; Watson, Darach; Dwek, Eli; Maund, Justyn R; Fox, Ori; Leloudas, Giorgos; Malesani, Daniele; Day-Jones, Avril C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues In a Densified Large Square Bale Format  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This abstract from AGCO presents the project objectives for the integration of advanced logistical systems and focused bioenergy harvesting technologies that supply crop residues and energy crops in a large bale format.

13

Generating functional analysis of complex formation and dissociation in large protein interaction networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proteins, using techniques from the non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of disordered many proteins are reaction partners from an ensemble of random graphs with an arbitrary degree distribution. WeGenerating functional analysis of complex formation and dissociation in large protein interaction

Coolen, ACC "Ton"

14

Effect of tab design on large-format Li-ion cell performance , Gang Luo b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model a b s t r a c t Large-format Li-ion batteries are essential for vehicle and grid energy storage. Today, scale-up of Li-ion cells has not maximized the potential of available battery materials, leading a sustainable energy future. How to unlock the potential of existing Li battery materials and scale up Li-ion

15

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by XALT Energy LLC at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of large format...

16

Optimized Operating Range for Large-Format LiFePO4/Graphite Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

e investigated the long-term cycling performance of large format 20Ah LiFePO4/graphite batteries when they are cycled in various state-of-charge (SOC) ranges. It is found that batteries cycled in the medium SOC range (ca. 20~80% SOC) exhibit superior cycling stability than batteries cycled at both ends (0-20% or 80-100%) of the SOC even though the capcity utilized in the medium SOC range is three times as large as those cycled at both ends of the SOC. Several non-destructive techniques, including a voltage interruption approach, model-based parameter identification, electrode impedance spectra analysis, ?Q/?V analysis, and entropy change test, were used to investigate the performance of LiFePO4/graphite batteries within different SOC ranges. The results reveal that batteries at the ends of SOC exhibit much higher polarization impedance than those at the medium SOC range. These results can be attributed to the significant structural change of cathode and anode materials as revealed by the large entropy change within these ranges. The direct correlation between the polarization impedance and the cycle life of the batteries provides an effective methodology for battery management systems to control and prolong the cycle life of LiFePO4/graphite and other batteries.

Jiang, Jiuchun; Shi, Wei; Zheng, Jianming; Zuo, Pengjian; Xiao, Jie; Chen, Xilin; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Betatron squeeze optimisation at the Large Hadron Collider based on first year of operation data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to achieve the high luminosity expected from the Large Hadron Collider, the beta function at the interaction points must be minimised. As the aperture in the surroundings of the interaction points become smaller and smaller with decreasing beta function at the interaction point, the latter is kept higher during injection and energy ramp and reduced before the production of collision, by the means of the betatron squeeze. This operation as shown to be very critical in previous colliders, however, good performances were achieved early during the commissioning of the machine allowing to optimise this operation along the year. Firstly, a systematic fill by fill analysis of the beam parameters is performed in order to point out, understand and solve potential issues, allowing, in particular, to minimise the beam losses during the operation. Secondly, simulations of beam parameters based on the strength of the magnets extracted from the control system are introduced and validated with measurements. The sim...

Buffat, Xavier; Redaelli, Stefano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Formation of Large Polysulfide Complexes during the Lithium-Sulfur Battery Discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sulfur cathodes have much larger capacities than transition-metal-oxide cathodes used in commercial lithium-ion batteries but suffer from unsatisfactory capacity retention and long-term cyclability. Capacity degradation originates from soluble lithium polysulfides gradually diffusing into the electrolyte. Understanding of the formation and dynamics of soluble polysulfides during the discharging process at the atomic level remains elusive, which limits further development of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Here we report first-principles molecular dynamics simulations and density functional calculations, through which the discharging products of Li-S batteries are studied. We find that, in addition to simple Li2Sn (1 n 8) clusters generated from single cyclooctasulfur (S8) rings, large Li-S clusters form by collectively coupling several different rings to minimize the total energy. At high lithium concentration, a Li-S network forms at the sulfur surfaces. The results can explain the formation of the soluble Li-S complex, such as Li2S8, Li2S6, and Li2S4, and the insoluble Li2S2 and Li2S structures. In addition, we show that the presence of oxygen impurities in graphene, particularly oxygen atoms bonded to vacancies and edges, may stabilize the lithium polysulfides that may otherwise diffuse into the electrolyte.

Wang, Bin [Vanderbilt University, Nashville; Alhassan, Saeed M. [The Petroleum Institute; Pantelides, Sokrates T [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Formation of electron internal transport barrier and achievement of high ion temperature in Large Helical Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An internal transport barrier(ITB) was observed in the electron temperature profile in the Large Helical Device [O. Motojima et al. Phys. Plasmas6 1843 (1999)] with a centrally focused intense electron cyclotron resonancemicrowaveheating. Inside the ITB the core electron transport was improved and a high electron temperature exceeding 10 keV in a low density was achieved in a collisionless regime. The formation of the electron-ITB is correlated with the neoclassical electron root with a strong radial electric field determined by the neoclassical ambipolar flux. The direction of the tangentially injected beam-driven current has an influence on the electron-ITB formation. For the counter-injected target plasma a steeper temperature gradient than that for the co-injected one was observed. As for the ion temperature high-power NBI (neutral beam injection) heating of 9 MW has realized a central ion temperature of 5 keV with neon injection. By introducing neon gas the NBI absorption power was increased in low-density plasmas and the direct ion heating power was much enhanced with a reduced number of ions compared with hydrogen plasmas.

Y. Takeiri; T. Shimozuma; S. Kubo; S. Morita; M. Osakabe; O. Kaneko; K. Tsumori; Y. Oka; K. Ikeda; N. Ohyabu; K. Ida; M. Yokoyama; J. Miyazawa; M. Goto; K. Narihara; I. Yamada; H. Idei; Y. Yoshimura; N. Ashikawa; M. Emoto; H. Funaba; M. Isobe; K. Kawahata; K. Khlopenkov; T. Kobuchi; A. Komori; A. Kostrioukov; R. Kumazawa; Y. Liang; S. Masuzaki; T. Minami; T. Morisaki; S. Murakami; S. Muto; T. Mutoh; Y. Nagayama; Y. Nakamura; H. Nakanishi; Y. Narushima; K. Nishimura; N. Noda; S. Ohdachi; T. Ozaki; B. J. Peterson; A. Sagara; K. Saito; S. Sakakibara; R. Sakamoto; M. Sasao; M. Sato; T. Seki; M. Shoji; H. Suzuki; N. Tamura; K. Tanaka; K. Toi; T. Tokuzawa; K. Y. Watanabe; T. Watari; Y. Xu; H. Yamada; M. Yoshinuma; K. Itoh; K. Ohkubo; T. Satow; S. Sudo; T. Uda; K. Yamazaki; Y. Hamada; K. Matsuoka; O. Motojima; M. Fujiwara; T. Notake; N. Takeuchi; Y. Torii; S. Yamamoto; T. Yamamoto; T. Akiyama; P. Goncharov; T. Saida; H. Kawazome; H. Nozato

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Characterization of penetration induced thermal runaway propagation process within a large format lithium ion battery module  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the mechanisms of penetration induced thermal runaway (TR) propagation process within a large format lithium ion battery pack. A 6-battery module is built with 47 thermocouples installed at critical positions to record the temperature profiles. The first battery of the module is penetrated to trigger a TR propagation process. The temperature responses, the voltage responses and the heat transfer through different paths are analyzed and discussed to characterize the underlying physical behavior. The temperature responses show that: 1) Compared with the results of TR tests using accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) with uniform heating, a lower onset temperature and a shorter TR triggering time are observed in a penetration induced TR propagation test due to side heating. 2) The maximum temperature difference within a battery can be as high as 791.8 °C in a penetration induced TR propagation test. The voltage responses have a 5-stage feature, indicating that the TR happens in sequence for the two pouch cells packed inside a battery. The heat transfer analysis shows that: 1) 12% of the total heat released in TR of a battery is enough to trigger the adjacent battery to TR. 2) The heat transferred through the pole connector is only about 1/10 of that through the battery shell. 3) The fire has little influence on the TR propagation, but may cause significant damage on the accessories located above the battery. The results can enhance our understandings of the mechanisms of TR propagation, and provide important guidelines in pack design for large format lithium ion battery.

Xuning Feng; Jing Sun; Minggao Ouyang; Fang Wang; Xiangming He; Languang Lu; Huei Peng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

96 YEAR 2013 Males 69 Females 27 YEAR 2013 SES 1 EJEK 9 EN 04 27 NN (Engineering) 26 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 30 NU (TechAdmin Support) 3 YEAR 2013 American Indian Alaska Native Male...

22

Induced Core Formation Time in Subcritical Magnetic Clouds by Large-Scale Trans-Alfv\\'enic Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We clarify the mechanism of accelerated core formation by large-scale nonlinear flows in subcritical magnetic clouds by finding a semi-analytical formula for the core formation time and describing the physical processes that lead to them. Recent numerical simulations show that nonlinear flows induce rapid ambipolar diffusion that leads to localized supercritical regions that can collapse. Here, we employ non-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations including ambipolar diffusion for gravitationally stratified sheets threaded by vertical magnetic fields. One of the horizontal dimensions is eliminated, resulting in a simpler two-dimensional simulation that can clarify the basic process of accelerated core formation. A parameter study of simulations shows that the core formation time is inversely proportional to the square of the flow speed when the flow speed is greater than the Alfv\\'en speed. We find a semi-analytical formula that explains this numerical result. The formula also predicts that the core formation t...

Kudoh, Takahiro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2540 YEAR 2013 Males 1677 Females 863 YEAR 2013 SES 102 EX 3 SL 1 EJEK 89 EN 05 41 EN 04 170 EN 03 18 NN (Engineering) 448 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 1249 NU (TechAdmin Support) 76 NV...

24

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 1 YEAR 2011 Males 18 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 2 EJ/EK 2 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 35 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 9 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 12 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Information Management & Chief Information Officer, NA-IM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 18 43.9% 23 56.1% Gender Males Females 4.9% 4.9% 85.4% 4.9% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2.4% 4.9% 7.3% 22.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4.9% 14.6% 29.3% 14.6% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

25

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

4 4 YEAR 2011 Males 21 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 3 EJ/EK 1 EN 03 1 NN (Engineering) 3 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 31 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 5 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 10 White Male 13 White Female 10 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel, NA-GC As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 21 47.7% 23 52.3% Gender Males Females 6.8% 2.3% 2.3% 6.8% 70.5% 11.4% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK EN 03 NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.0% 0.0% 2.3% 4.5% 2.3% 2.3% 13.6% 22.7% 29.5% 22.7% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

26

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

6 6 YEAR 2011 Males 7 Females 9 YEAR 2011 SES 1 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 9 GS 15 2 GS 13 2 GS 12 1 GS 11 1 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 4 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of External Affairs, NA-EA As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 7 43.8% 9 56.3% Gender Males Females 6.3% 56.3% 12.5% 12.5% 6.3% 6.3% Pay Plan SES NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) GS 15 GS 13 GS 12 GS 11 0.0% 0.0% 6.3% 18.8% 6.3% 0.0% 6.3% 0.0% 25.0% 37.5% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male Hispanic Female White Male White Female FY11 Workforce Diversity

27

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 40 YEAR 2011 Males 68 Females 72 YEAR 2011 SES 5 EJ/EK 1 NN (Engineering) 16 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 115 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 3 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 7 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 25 Hispanic Female 26 White Male 35 White Female 37 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Acquistion & Project Management, NA-APM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 68 48.6% 72 51.4% Gender Males Females 3.6% 0.7% 11.4% 82.1% 2.1% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.7% 1.4% 2.1% 5.0% 2.9% 0.0% 17.9% 18.6% 25.0% 26.4% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male

28

Years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Technology in and Technology in the National Interest 60 Years of Excellence Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory FY 2012 Annual Report About the Cover: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) engineers Chris Spadaccini (left) and Eric Duoss are shown experimenting with direct ink-writing to create micro- to macroscale structures with extreme precision. The Laboratory is advancing this process and other additive manufacturing technologies to develop new materials with extraordinary properties for use in a wide range of national-security and other applications. About the Laboratory: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was founded in 1952 to enhance the security of the United States by advancing nuclear weapons science and technology. With a talented and dedicated workforce and

29

Studies on the formation of large amplitude kinetic Alfven wave solitons and double layers in plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two fluid model has been employed to study the oblique propagation of solitary kinetic Alfven waves. Formation of solitary waves and double layers is observed. Amplitude, width (in the case of solitons), and thickness (in the case of double layers) of the nonlinear structures are studied in some detail. Wider solitary structures are found to exist for oblique propagation nearer to the magnetic field direction.

Devi, N.; Gogoi, R.; Das, G. C.; Roychoudhury, R. [Department of Mathematics, Cotton College, Guwahati-781001, Assam (India); Mathematical Sciences Division, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Paschim Boragaon, Guwahati-781035, Assam (India); Physics and Applied Mathematical Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700108 (India)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

BROAD ABSORPTION LINE VARIABILITY ON MULTI-YEAR TIMESCALES IN A LARGE QUASAR SAMPLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed investigation of the variability of 428 C IV and 235 Si IV broad absorption line (BAL) troughs identified in multi-epoch observations of 291 quasars by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-I/II/III. These observations primarily sample rest-frame timescales of 1-3.7 yr over which significant rearrangement of the BAL wind is expected. We derive a number of observational results on, e.g., the frequency of BAL variability, the velocity range over which BAL variability occurs, the primary observed form of BAL-trough variability, the dependence of BAL variability upon timescale, the frequency of BAL strengthening versus weakening, correlations between BAL variability and BAL-trough profiles, relations between C IV and Si IV BAL variability, coordinated multi-trough variability, and BAL variations as a function of quasar properties. We assess implications of these observational results for quasar winds. Our results support models where most BAL absorption is formed within an order-of-magnitude of the wind-launching radius, although a significant minority of BAL troughs may arise on larger scales. We estimate an average lifetime for a BAL trough along our line-of-sight of a few thousand years. BAL disappearance and emergence events appear to be extremes of general BAL variability, rather than being qualitatively distinct phenomena. We derive the parameters of a random-walk model for BAL EW variability, finding that this model can acceptably describe some key aspects of EW variability. The coordinated trough variability of BAL quasars with multiple troughs suggests that changes in 'shielding gas' may play a significant role in driving general BAL variability.

Filiz Ak, N.; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, D. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Hall, P. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3 (Canada); Anderson, S. F. [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Hamann, F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Lundgren, B. F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Myers, Adam D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Pâris, I. [Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Petitjean, P. [Universite Paris 6, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 75014, Paris (France); Ross, Nicholas P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 92420 (United States); Shen, Yue [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-51, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); York, Don, E-mail: nfilizak@astro.psu.edu [The University of Chicago, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

31

Formation of the 50-Year Element 94 from Deuteron Bombardment of U{sup 238}  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

It has been shown by bombardment with deuterons of a sample of U{sup 238}, greatly depleted in U{sup 235} and U{sup 234}, that the 50-year 94 activity and 2.0 day 93 activity are formed in approximately the same yield as with the natural mixture of uranium isotopes. The activities are thus shown to arise from the U{sup 238} nucleus, and from considerations of the energy of the compound nucleus (U{sup 238} + d).

Kennedy, J. W.; Perlman, M. L.; Segre, E.; Wahl, A. C.

1942-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

32

Predictions of long-term behavior of a large-volume pilot test for CO2 geological storage in a saline formation in the Central Valley, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-term behavior of a CO{sub 2} plume injected into a deep saline formation is investigated, focusing on mechanisms that lead to plume stabilization. Key measures are plume migration distance and the time evolution of CO{sub 2} phase-partitioning, which are examined by developing a numerical model of the subsurface at a proposed power plant with CO{sub 2} capture in the San Joaquin Valley, California, where a large-volume pilot test of CO{sub 2} injection will be conducted. The numerical model simulates a four-year CO{sub 2} injection period and the subsequent evolution of the CO{sub 2} plume until it stabilizes. Sensitivity studies are carried out to investigate the effect of poorly constrained model parameters permeability, permeability anisotropy, and residual gas saturation.

Doughty, Christine; Myer, Larry R.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The first million years of the Sun: A calculation of formation and early evolution of a solar-mass star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first coherent dynamical study of the cloud fragmentation-phase, collapse and early stellar evolution of a solar mass star. We determine young star properties as the consequence of the parent cloud evolution. Mass, luminosity and effective temperature in the first million years of the proto-Sun result from gravitational fragmentation of a molecular cloud region that produces a cluster of prestellar clumps. We calculate the global dynamical behavior of the cloud using isothermal 3D hydrodynamics and follow the evolution of individual protostars in detail using a 1D radiation-fluid-dynamic system of equations that comprises a correct standard solar model solution, as a limiting case. We calculate the pre-main sequence (PMS) evolutionary tracks of a solar mass star in a dense stellar cluster environment and compare it to one that forms in isolation. Up to an age of 950.000 years differences in the accretion history lead to significantly different temperature and luminosity evolution. As accretion fades and the stars approach their final masses the two dynamic PMS tracks converge. After that the contraction of the quasi-hydrostatic stellar interiors dominate the overall stellar properties and proceed in very similar ways. Hence the position of a star in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram becomes a function of age and mass only. However, our quantitative description of cloud fragmentation, star formation and early stellar evolution predicts substantial corrections to the classical, i.e. hydrostatic and initially fully convective models: At an age of 1 million years the proto-Sun is twice as bright and 500 Kelvin hotter than according to calculations that neglect the star formation process.

G. Wuchterl; R. Klessen

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

34

Investigation of CO2 plume behavior for a large-scale pilot test of geologic carbon storage in a saline formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydrodynamic behavior of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injected into a deep saline formation is investigated, focusing on trapping mechanisms that lead to CO{sub 2} plume stabilization. A numerical model of the subsurface at a proposed power plant with CO{sub 2} capture is developed to simulate a planned pilot test, in which 1,000,000 metric tons of CO{sub 2} is injected over a four-year period, and the subsequent evolution of the CO{sub 2} plume for hundreds of years. Key measures are plume migration distance and the time evolution of the partitioning of CO{sub 2} between dissolved, immobile free-phase, and mobile free-phase forms. Model results indicate that the injected CO{sub 2} plume is effectively immobilized at 25 years. At that time, 38% of the CO{sub 2} is in dissolved form, 59% is immobile free phase, and 3% is mobile free phase. The plume footprint is roughly elliptical, and extends much farther up-dip of the injection well than down-dip. The pressure increase extends far beyond the plume footprint, but the pressure response decreases rapidly with distance from the injection well, and decays rapidly in time once injection ceases. Sensitivity studies that were carried out to investigate the effect of poorly constrained model parameters permeability, permeability anisotropy, and residual CO{sub 2} saturation indicate that small changes in properties can have a large impact on plume evolution, causing significant trade-offs between different trapping mechanisms.

Doughty, C.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

LARGE AREA SURVEY FOR z = 7 GALAXIES IN SDF AND GOODS-N: IMPLICATIONS FOR GALAXY FORMATION AND COSMIC REIONIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of our large area survey for z'-band dropout galaxies at z = 7 in a 1568 arcmin{sup 2} sky area covering the SDF and GOODS-N fields. Combining our ultra-deep Subaru/Suprime-Cam z'- and y-band (lambda{sub eff} = 1 mum) images with legacy data of Subaru and Hubble Space Telescope, we have identified 22 bright z-dropout galaxies down to y = 26, one of which has a spectroscopic redshift of z = 6.96 determined from Lyalpha emission. The z = 7 luminosity function yields the best-fit Schechter parameters of phi* = 0.69{sup +2.62}{sub -0.55} x 10{sup -3} Mpc{sup -3}, M*{sub UV} = -20.10 +- 0.76 mag, and alpha = -1.72 +- 0.65, and indicates a decrease from z = 6 at a >95% confidence level. This decrease is beyond the cosmic variance in our two fields, which is estimated to be a factor of approx<2. We have found that the cosmic star formation rate density drops from the peak at z = 2-3 to z = 7 roughly by a factor of approx10 but not larger than approx100. A comparison with the reionization models suggests either that the universe could not be totally ionized by only galaxies at z = 7, or more likely that properties of galaxies at z = 7 are different from those at low redshifts having, e.g., a larger escape fraction (approx>0.2), a lower metallicity, and/or a flatter initial mass function. Our SDF z-dropout galaxies appear to form 60 Mpc long filamentary structures, and the z = 6.96 galaxy with Lyalpha emission is located at the center of an overdense region consisting of four UV bright dropout candidates, which might suggest an existence of a well-developed ionized bubble at z = 7.

Ouchi, Masami [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Mobasher, Bahram [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Shimasaku, Kazuhiro; Ono, Yoshiaki; Nakajima, Kimihiko; Okamura, Sadanori [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Ferguson, Henry C.; Fall, S. Michael [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Kashikawa, Nobunari; Morokuma, Tomoki [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Dickinson, Mark [NOAO, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Giavalisco, Mauro [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Ohta, Kouji, E-mail: ouchi@obs.carnegiescience.ed [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

2011 USGS Annual Ethics Training Ethics training is being provided this year in document format so that certain USGS-specific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2011 USGS Annual Ethics Training Ethics training is being provided this year in document format. This document is a compilation of material from various sources, including the Office of Government Ethics www.oge.gov . It is designed to provide you an overview of the ethics regulations, statutes, rules and policies at the USGS

Torgersen, Christian

37

Tropical Cyclone Mekkhala (2008) Formation over the South China Sea: Mesoscale, Synoptic-scale and Large-scale Contributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone formation close to the coastline of the Asian continent presents a significant threat to heavily populated coastal countries. A case study of Tropical Storm Mekkhala (2008) that developed off the coast of Vietnam is presented ...

Myung-Sook Park; Hyeong-Seog Kim; Chang-Hoi Ho; Russell L. Elsberry; Myong-In Lee

39

The Spectrum of the Isotropic Diffuse Gamma-Ray Emission Derived From First-Year Fermi Large Area Telescope Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) measurements of the so-called 'extra-galactic' diffuse {gamma}-ray emission (EGB). This component of the diffuse {gamma}-ray emission is generally considered to have an isotropic or nearly isotropic distribution on the sky with diverse contributions discussed in the literature. The derivation of the EGB is based on detailed modelling of the bright foreground diffuse Galactic {gamma}-ray emission (DGE), the detected LAT sources and the solar {gamma}-ray emission. We find the spectrum of the EGB is consistent with a power law with differential spectral index {gamma} = 2.41 {+-} 0.05 and intensity, I(> 100 MeV) = (1.03 {+-} 0.17) x 10{sup -5} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} sr{sup -1}, where the error is systematics dominated. Our EGB spectrum is featureless, less intense, and softer than that derived from EGRET data.

Abdo, A. A.

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

Analysis and experimental study on formation conditions of large-scale barrier-free diffuse atmospheric pressure air plasmas in repetitive pulse mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric air diffuse plasmas have enormous application potential in various fields of science and technology. Without dielectric barrier, generating large-scale air diffuse plasmas is always a challenging issue. This paper discusses and analyses the formation mechanism of cold homogenous plasma. It is proposed that generating stable diffuse atmospheric plasmas in open air should meet the three conditions: high transient power with low average power, excitation in low average E-field with locally high E-field region, and multiple overlapping electron avalanches. Accordingly, an experimental configuration of generating large-scale barrier-free diffuse air plasmas is designed. Based on runaway electron theory, a low duty-ratio, high voltage repetitive nanosecond pulse generator is chosen as a discharge excitation source. Using the wire-electrodes with small curvature radius, the gaps with highly non-uniform E-field are structured. Experimental results show that the volume-scaleable, barrier-free, homogeneous air non-thermal plasmas have been obtained between the gap spacing with the copper-wire electrodes. The area of air cold plasmas has been up to hundreds of square centimeters. The proposed formation conditions of large-scale barrier-free diffuse air plasmas are proved to be reasonable and feasible.

Li, Lee, E-mail: leeli@mail.hust.edu.cn; Liu, Lun; Liu, Yun-Long; Bin, Yu; Ge, Ya-Feng; Lin, Fo-Chang [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, HuaZhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan 430074 (China)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Lyman-? forest in three dimensions: measurements of large scale flux correlations from BOSS 1st-year data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a sample of approximately 14,000 z > 2.1 quasars observed in the first year of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), we measure the three-dimensional correlation function of absorption in the Lyman-? forest. The angle-averaged correlation function of transmitted flux (F = e{sup ??}) is securely detected out to comoving separations of 60 h{sup ?1}Mpc, the first detection of flux correlations across widely separated sightlines. A quadrupole distortion of the redshift-space correlation function by peculiar velocities, the signature of the gravitational instability origin of structure in the Lyman-? forest, is also detected at high significance. We obtain a good fit to the data assuming linear theory redshift-space distortion and linear bias of the transmitted flux, relative to the matter fluctuations of a standard ?CDM cosmological model (inflationary cold dark matter with a cosmological constant). At 95% confidence, we find a linear bias parameter 0.16 < b < 0.24 and redshift-distortion parameter 0.44 < ? < 1.20, at central redshift z = 2.25, with a well constrained combination b(1+?) = 0.336±0.012. The errors on ? are asymmetric, with ? = 0 excluded at over 5? confidence level. The value of ? is somewhat low compared to theoretical predictions, and our tests on synthetic data suggest that it is depressed (relative to expectations for the Lyman-? forest alone) by the presence of high column density systems and metal line absorption. These results set the stage for cosmological parameter determinations from three-dimensional structure in the Lyman-? forest, including anticipated constraints on dark energy from baryon acoustic oscillations.

Slosar, Anže [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Blgd 510, Upton NY 11375 (United States); Font-Ribera, Andreu [Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Fac. Ciències, torre C5 parell 2, Bellaterra, Catalonia (Spain); Pieri, Matthew M. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389 UCB, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Rich, James; Goff, Jean-Marc Le; Charlassier, Romain [CEA, Centre de Saclay, IRFU, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Aubourg, Éric; Busca, Nicolas; Hamilton, Jean-Christophe [APC, Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA, Observatoire de Paris, 10, rue A. Domon and L. Duquet, Paris (France); Brinkmann, Jon [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Carithers, Bill; Cortês, Marina; Ho, Shirley; McDonald, Patrick [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Croft, Rupert [Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States); Dawson, Kyle S. [University of Utah, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, 115 S 1400 E, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Eisenstein, Daniel [Harvard College Observatory, 60 Garden St., Cambridge MA 02138 (United States); Lee, Khee-Gan; Lupton, Robert [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Medolin, Bumbarija, E-mail: anze@bnl.gov [104-20 Queens Blvd 17A, Forest Hills, NY 11375 (United States); and others

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Reduced 30% scanning time 3D multiplexer integrated circuit applied to large array format 20KHZ frequency inkjet print heads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancement of the number and array density of nozzles within an inkjet head chip is one of the keys to raise the printing speed and printing resolutions. However, traditional 2D architecture of driving circuits can not meet the requirement for high scanning speed and low data accessing points when nozzle numbers greater than 1000. This paper proposes a novel architecture of high-selection-speed three-dimensional data registration for inkjet applications. With the configuration of three-dimensional data registration, the number of data accessing points as well as the scanning lines can be greatly reduced for large array inkjet printheads with nozzles numbering more than 1000. This IC (Integrated Circuit) architecture involves three-dimensional multiplexing with the provision of a gating transistor for each ink firing resistor, where ink firing resistors are triggered only by the selection of their associated gating transistors. Three signals: selection (S), address (A), and power supply (P), are employed toge...

Liou, J -C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Star formation in the cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z=1.62 and its large-scale environment: the infrared perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The galaxy cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z=1.62 is one of the most distant galaxy clusters known, with a rich muti-wavelength data set that confirms a mature galaxy population already in place. Using very deep, wide area (20x20 Mpc) imaging by Spitzer/MIPS at 24um, in conjunction with Herschel 5-band imaging from 100-500um, we investigate the dust-obscured, star-formation properties in the cluster and its associated large scale environment. Our galaxy sample of 693 galaxies at z=1.62 detected at 24um (10 spectroscopic and 683 photo-z) includes both cluster galaxies (i.e. within r projected clustercentric radius) and field galaxies, defined as the region beyond a radius of 3 Mpc. The star-formation rates (SFRs) derived from the measured infrared luminosity range from 18 to 2500 Ms/yr, with a median of 55 Ms/yr, over the entire radial range (10 Mpc). The cluster brightest FIR galaxy, taken as the centre of the galaxy system, is vigorously forming stars at a rate of 256$\\pm$70 Ms/yr, and the total cluster ...

Santos, Joana S; Tanaka, Masayuki; Valtchanov, Ivan; Saintonge, Amelie; Dickinson, Mark; Foucaud, Sebastien; Kodama, Tadayuki; Rawle, Tim D; Tadaki, Ken-ichi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Pattern formation in large domains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considered the question of whether or not the Solar System is quasi-periodic given the...for instance quasi-periodicity in the Solar System and in the dynam- ics of charged...After earning an SM in Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a spell...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

How to Prepare a PowerPoint Slide for Large-format Poster Printing 1. To create a poster slide, create a new slide (with nothing on it), then go to File/Page Setup.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to Prepare a PowerPoint Slide for Large-format Poster Printing 1. To create a poster slide, create a new slide (with nothing on it), then go to File/Page Setup. Select "Slide sized for: Custom from other slides, or from other applications. DO NOT import or link data to this poster slide from

Stuart, Josh

46

Large-scale spheromak-like magnetic configuration (SLMC) in high-current discharges: Self-formation and self-compression of the SLMC in plasma focus experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental results are presented which verify the possibility formerly predicted [1] of the self-formation of a closed spheromak-like magnetic configuration (SLMC) in a plasma focus discharge.

A. B. Kukushkin; V. A. Rantsev-Kartinov; A. R. Terentiev

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

INTRODUCTION The Louisiana Department ofTransportation (LADOTD) has collected geotechnical data for many years in a variety of different formats.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

penetration test (CPT) data, vane shear data, test pile load test data, and laboratory testing data. The work, digital format (i.e., CPT data or test pile load test data) so it can be easily imported. · Data fromINTRODUCTION The Louisiana Department ofTransportation (LADOTD) has collected geotechnical data

Harms, Kyle E.

48

LoCuSS: THE STEADY DECLINE AND SLOW QUENCHING OF STAR FORMATION IN CLUSTER GALAXIES OVER THE LAST FOUR BILLION YEARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the levels and evolution of star formation activity in a representative sample of 30 massive galaxy clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.30 from the Local Cluster Substructure Survey, combining wide-field Spitzer/MIPS 24 ?m data with extensive spectroscopy of cluster members. The specific SFRs of massive (M > or approx. 10{sup 10} M{sub ?}) star-forming cluster galaxies within r{sub 200} are found to be systematically ?28% lower than their counterparts in the field at fixed stellar mass and redshift, a difference significant at the 8.7? level. This is the unambiguous signature of star formation in most (and possibly all) massive star-forming galaxies being slowly quenched upon accretion into massive clusters, their star formation rates (SFRs) declining exponentially on quenching timescales in the range 0.7-2.0 Gyr. We measure the mid-infrared Butcher-Oemler effect over the redshift range 0.0-0.4, finding rapid evolution in the fraction (f{sub SF}) of massive (M{sub K} < – 23.1) cluster galaxies within r{sub 200} with SFRs > 3 M{sub ?} yr{sup –1}, of the form f{sub SF}?(1 + z){sup 7.6±1.1}. We dissect the origins of the Butcher-Oemler effect, revealing it to be due to the combination of a ?3 × decline in the mean specific SFRs of star-forming cluster galaxies since z ? 0.3 with a ?1.5 × decrease in number density. Two-thirds of this reduction in the specific SFRs of star-forming cluster galaxies is due to the steady cosmic decline in the specific SFRs among those field galaxies accreted into the clusters. The remaining one-third reflects an accelerated decline in the star formation activity of galaxies within clusters. The slow quenching of star formation in cluster galaxies is consistent with a gradual shut down of star formation in infalling spiral galaxies as they interact with the intracluster medium via ram-pressure stripping or starvation mechanisms. The observed sharp decline in star formation activity among cluster galaxies since z ? 0.4 likely reflects the increased susceptibility of low-redshift spiral galaxies to gas removal mechanisms as their gas surface densities decrease with time. We find no evidence for the build-up of cluster S0 bulges via major nuclear starburst episodes.

Haines, C. P.; Pereira, M. J.; Egami, E.; Rawle, T. D. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Smith, G. P.; Sanderson, A. J. R. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Babul, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 1A1 (Canada); Finoguenov, A. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2a, FI-0014 Helsinki (Finland); Merluzzi, P.; Busarello, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Napoli (Italy); Okabe, N., E-mail: cphaines@as.arizona.edu [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Low-temperature (180?°C) formation of large-grained Ge (111) thin film on insulator using accelerated metal-induced crystallization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Al-induced crystallization (AIC) yields a large-grained (111)-oriented Ge thin film on an insulator at temperatures as low as 180?°C. We accelerated the AIC of an amorphous Ge layer (50-nm thickness) by initially doping Ge in Al and by facilitating Ge diffusion into Al. The electron backscatter diffraction measurement demonstrated the simultaneous achievement of large grains over 10??m and a high (111) orientation fraction of 90% in the polycrystalline Ge layer formed at 180?°C. This result opens up the possibility for developing Ge-based electronic and optical devices fabricated on inexpensive flexible substrates.

Toko, K., E-mail: toko@bk.tsukuba.ac.jp; Numata, R.; Oya, N.; Suemasu, T. [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Fukata, N. [National Institute for Materials Science, Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Usami, N. [Materials, Physics and Energy Engineering, Nagoya University, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

50

A laboratory study of selected large hailstones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). More recently, Changnon ( 1972) has estimated the monetary loss to the United States each year and found it to exceed 315 million dollars (based on 1968 prices). Thus, the formation and growth of hail constitutes an element of meteorological study... the front contr ibuted si gnif- icantly to the late afternoon and evening development of thunder storms. In addition, the large scale circulations around the Bermuda high, with its extension into the southeastern United States and the Gulf of Mexico...

Marrs, John Thomas

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Data Formats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter provides a taxonomy of existing data formats for power power system analysis. These include most commonly used formats of free and proprietary software packages as well as the IEC common informati...

Federico Milano

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

File Formats  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home Page Home Page File Formats MODIS Product Subsets Output Data File Format Descriptions The MODIS product subsets for North America and Worldwide are available in several formats, which are described in the following text. MODIS Land Product ASCII Data Image Data Files in ASCII Grid Format QC-Filtered Data and Statistics Generated for this Request Land Cover Data in ASCII Grid Format Statistical Data for MODIS Land Products in Comma Separated Format Underlying BRDF Parameters Used in Generating this Request (available with Albedo MOD43B and MCD43B only) MODIS Land Product ASCII Data Description of File File Content: Data as read from MODIS Land Product HDF-EOS data files. These data are the starting point for deriving the other subset data products. Data Type: As indicated by Land Product Code (e.g., MOD15A2).

53

Utility Formation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

amounts See detailed discussion of these standards. For more information regarding tribal utility formation, contact the Power Service Line Account Executives: Eastern Power...

54

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

5 79 -7.06% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 59 57 -3.39% Females 26 22 -15.38% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 1 0 -100% EJEK 4 3 -25.00% EN 05 3 2 -33.33% EN 04 22 22 0% EN 03...

55

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 40 -4.76% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 37 35 -5.41% Females 5 5 0% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 2 2 0% EJEK 5 4 -20.00% EN 05 5 7 40.00% EN 04 6 6 0% EN 03 1 1 0% NN...

56

Y YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

91 81 -10.99% YEAR 2013 2014 Males 67 56 -16.42% Females 24 25 4.17% YEAR 2013 2014 SES 1 2 100% EJEK 9 8 -11.11% EN 04 25 22 -12.00% NN (Engineering) 24...

57

Chapeau! First-Year French  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapeau! is a first-year college text. Although it may appear, at first glance, o move very fast and introduce a large amount of material early, the vocabulary and grammatical structures that we expect students to control ...

Dinneen, David A.; Kernen, Madeleine

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Predictions from star formation in the multiverse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compute trivariate probability distributions in the landscape, scanning simultaneously over the cosmological constant, the primordial density contrast, and spatial curvature. We consider two different measures for regulating the divergences of eternal inflation, and three different models for observers. In one model, observers are assumed to arise in proportion to the entropy produced by stars; in the others, they arise at a fixed time (5 or 10x10{sup 9} years) after star formation. The star formation rate, which underlies all our observer models, depends sensitively on the three scanning parameters. We employ a recently developed model of star formation in the multiverse, a considerable refinement over previous treatments of the astrophysical and cosmological properties of different pocket universes. For each combination of observer model and measure, we display all single and bivariate probability distributions, both with the remaining parameter(s) held fixed and marginalized. Our results depend only weakly on the observer model but more strongly on the measure. Using the causal diamond measure, the observed parameter values (or bounds) lie within the central 2{sigma} of nearly all probability distributions we compute, and always within 3{sigma}. This success is encouraging and rather nontrivial, considering the large size and dimension of the parameter space. The causal patch measure gives similar results as long as curvature is negligible. If curvature dominates, the causal patch leads to a novel runaway: it prefers a negative value of the cosmological constant, with the smallest magnitude available in the landscape.

Bousso, Raphael; Leichenauer, Stefan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st Year Sum. __________ (year)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name Major Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st) Projected Graduation Date SUBJECT SUBJECT CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. Advisor Signature Date Student

Barrash, Warren

60

3rd year final contractor report for: U.S. Department of Energy Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program Project Title: Detailed Measurements of Rayleigh-Taylor Mixing at Large and Small Atwood Numbers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project had two major tasks: Task 1. The construction of a new air/helium facility to collect detailed measurements of Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) mixing at high Atwood number, and the distribution of these data to LLNL, LANL, and Alliance members for code validation and design purposes. Task 2. The collection of initial condition data from the new Air/Helium facility, for use with validation of RT simulation codes at LLNL and LANL. This report describes work done in the last twelve (12) months of the project, and also contains a summary of the complete work done over the three (3) life of the project. As of April 1, 2006, the air/helium facility (Task 1) is now complete and extensive testing and validation of diagnostics has been performed. Initial condition studies (Task 2) is also comp lete. Detailed experiments with air/helium with Atwood numbers up to 0.1 have been completed, and Atwood numbers of 0.25. Within the last three (3) months we have been able to successfully run the facility at Atwood numbers of 0.5. The progress matches the project plan, as does the budget. We have finished the initial condition studies using the water channel, and this work has been accepted for publication on the Journal of Fluid Mechanics (the top fluid mechanics journal). Mr. Nick Mueschke and Mr. Wayne Kraft are continuing with their studies to obtain PhDs in the same field, and will also continue their collaboration visits to LANL and LLNL. Over its three (3) year life the project has supported two(2) Ph.D.’s and three (3) MSc’s, and produced nine (9) international journal publications, twenty four (24) conference publications, and numerous other reports. The highlight of the project has been our close collaboration with LLNL (Dr. Oleg Schilling) and LANL (Drs. Dimonte, Ristorcelli, Gore, and Harlow).

Malcolm J. Andrews

2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Research project on CO2 geological storage and groundwaterresources: Large-scale hydrological evaluation and modeling of impact ongroundwater systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies areimplemented on a large scale, the amounts of CO2 injected and sequesteredunderground could be extremely large. The stored CO2 then replaces largevolumes of native brine, which can cause considerable pressureperturbation and brine migration in the deep saline formations. Ifhydraulically communicating, either directly via updipping formations orthrough interlayer pathways such as faults or imperfect seals, theseperturbations may impact shallow groundwater or even surface waterresources used for domestic or commercial water supply. Possibleenvironmental concerns include changes in pressure and water table,changes in discharge and recharge zones, as well as changes in waterquality. In compartmentalized formations, issues related to large-scalepressure buildup and brine displacement may also cause storage capacityproblems, because significant pressure buildup can be produced. Toaddress these issues, a three-year research project was initiated inOctober 2006, the first part of which is summarized in this annualreport.

Birkholzer, Jens; Zhou, Quanlin; Rutqvist, Jonny; Jordan,Preston; Zhang,K.; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

62

SAR polar format implementation with MATLAB.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditional polar format image formation for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) requires a large amount of processing power and memory in order to accomplish in real-time. These requirements can thus eliminate the possible usage of interpreted language environments such as MATLAB. However, with trapezoidal aperture phase history collection and changes to the traditional polar format algorithm, certain optimizations make MATLAB a possible tool for image formation. Thus, this document's purpose is two-fold. The first outlines a change to the existing Polar Format MATLAB implementation utilizing the Chirp Z-Transform that improves performance and memory usage achieving near realtime results for smaller apertures. The second is the addition of two new possible image formation options that perform a more traditional interpolation style image formation. These options allow the continued exploration of possible interpolation methods for image formation and some preliminary results comparing image quality are given.

Martin, Grant D.; Doerry, Armin Walter

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

70 Images for 70 Years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

70 Images for 70 Years 70 Images for 70 Years 70 Images for 70 Years Los Alamos has a proud history and heritage of almost 70 years of science and innovation. The people of the Laboratory work on advanced technologies to provide the best scientific and engineering solutions to many of the nation's most crucial security challenges. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. 1938 Hahn and Meitner Fission 1938 Hahn and Meitner Fission 1939 Einstein-Szilard 1939 Einstein-Szilard 1940s Main Guard Gate (671938) 1940s Main Guard Gate (671938) 1940s Security check 1940s Security check 1940 Boys Ranch School hockey on Ashley Pond 1940 Boys Ranch School hockey on Ashley Pond 1942 Fuller Lodge 1942 Fuller Lodge

64

Interchange formats for hybrid systems: review and proposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interchange formats have been the backbone of the EDA industry for several years. They are used as a way of helping the development of design flows that integrate foreign tools using formats with different syntax and, more importantly, different semantics. ...

Alessandro Pinto; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli; Luca P. Carloni; Roberto Passerone

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope (BLAST) will operate on a Long Duration Balloon platform with large format bolometer arrays at 250, 350 and 500 microns, initially using a 2m mirror, with plans to increase to 2.5m. BLAST is a collaboration between scientists in the USA, Canada, UK, Italy and Mexico. Funding has been approved and it is now in its building phase. The test flight is scheduled for 2002, with the first long duration flight the following year. The scientific goals are to learn about the nature of distant extragalactic star forming galaxies and cold pre-stellar sources by making deep maps both at high and low galactic latitudes. BLAST will be useful for planning Herschel key projects which use SPIRE.

Douglas Scott; the BLAST Team

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

66

ORNL DAAC, global climate data, GIS formats  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data in GIS Formats Data in GIS Formats ORNL DAAC has re-released a key climatology data set in two additional formats especially suitable for geographic information system (GIS) users. Version 2.1 of "Global 30-Year Mean Monthly Climatology, 1930-1960 (Cramer and Leemans)" now offers the data in ASCII GRID format and binary format. These formats can be read directly into software packages such as ESRI's ARC/INFO and ERDAS' IMAGINE. The Cramer and Leemans climatology data set contains monthly averages of mean temperature, temperature range, precipitation, rain days, and sunshine hours for the terrestrial surface of the globe. It is gridded at a 0.5-degree longitude/latitude resolution. The Cramer and Leemans data are also available in the original ASCII format, which can be read in FORTRAN or with programs such as SAS.

67

LARGE DISPLAY RESEARCH As large displays become more affordable, researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hung displays. A precipitous price drop has also occurred in the last few years, and the average computer are investigating their effects on productivity, and techniques for making the large display user experience more effective. Recent work has demonstrated significant productivity benefits, but has also identified numerous

Rajamani, Sriram K.

68

Running Large Scale Jobs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Running Large Scale Jobs Running Large Scale Jobs Users face various challenges with running and scaling large scale jobs on peta-scale production systems. For example, certain...

69

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es008pekala2011...

70

Manufacturability Study and Scale-Up for Large Format Lithium...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

contributions out of over 40 in FY1314 * Selected publications 1. J. Li, B.L. Armstrong, J. Kiggans, C. Daniel, and D.L. Wood, "Lithium Ion Cell Performance Enhancement...

71

Querying Large Similar Sequences in a Compressed Format Efficiently  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amounts of sequence data are being gen- erated daily. For instance, the 1000 genomes project (http about 8.2 billion bases per day, the equivalent of more than two human genomes every 24 hours. Indeed be able to reach the goal of sequencing a human genome for the cost of less than $1,000 within a couple

Xie, Xiaohui Sunney

72

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

cell winding Pores provide high conductivity for excellent power capability Surface & Fracture SEM --- Al 2 O 3 Polymer rich surface layer with open porosity Highly porous bulk...

73

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for excellent power capability Separator morphology --- 67% Al 2 O 3 Surface Fracture Fracture SEM --- 67% Al 2 O 3 Separator morphology --- 69% SiO 2 Surface Fracture...

74

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ruggedness High temperature (200 C) integrity Cell performance and life Low cost (goal - 1m 2 ) Partnerscollaborations Portland State University - Electron...

75

Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions November 16, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Geologic capacity exists to permanently store hundreds of years of regional carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in nine states stretching from Indiana to New Jersey, according to injection field tests conducted by the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). MRCSP's just-released Phase II final report indicates the region has likely total storage of 245.5 billion metric tons of CO2, mostly in deep saline rock formations, a large capacity compared to present day emissions. While distributed sources such as agriculture, transportation, and home heating account for a significant amount of CO2 emissions in the MRCSP

76

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 ECHM 100 (CHBE 100) 2). There is a pre- requisite of M-273Q (MATH 224). CHMY-373 (CHEM 324) could be taken Spring of year 3. Also, CHMY Math Placement ExamB M-172-Q (MATH 182) 4 cr Chemical Engineering Prerequisite Flowchart Catalog: 2010

Lawrence, Rick L.

77

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRINGFALL SPRING YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 CHBE 100 2 cr CHMY-141 324) could be taken Spring of year 3. Also, CHMY-371 (CHEM 323) may be substituted for CHMY-373 (CHEM Engineering Prerequisite Flowchart Catalog: 2008-2010 updated 2009 rev. 06/29/10, rwl ­ new course numbers E

Lawrence, Rick L.

78

First & Second Years Third Year (Junior) Forth Year (Senior) Fifth Year Fall Spring Fall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Social World Elective2 (3) Technical Elective5 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum for Spring SemesterFirst & Second Years Third Year (Junior) Forth Year (Senior) Fifth Year Fall1 Spring1 Fall Spring Fall For your Freshman and Sophomore years, students should follow

Mountziaris, T. J.

79

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Year for Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Year for Energy Calculations 2 Year for Energy Calculations 2 Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2 logo. Contains typical year hourly weather data for 77 locations in the United States and Canada. The Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2 (WYEC2) format updates and replaces the earlier WYEC format weather data files and was developed specifically for use with building energy simulation programs. A manual for the WYEC2 weather files and the software toolkit for manipulating and viewing the data is provided. Create multiple reports using a software toolkit on the CD-ROM. WYEC2 weather files consist of 8760 or 8784 identical fixed format records, one for each hour of a 365 or 366 day year. Each record is 116 characters in length. The WYEC2 format is derived from the NOAA TD 9734 Typical Meteorological

80

Pressure-transient test design in tight gas formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines a procedure for pre- and postfracture pressure-transient test design in low-permeability (tight) gas formations. The procedures proposed are based on many years' experience in evaluating low-permeability formations, and particularly on recent experience with Gas Research Inst. (GRI) programs in eastern Devonian gas shales and in western tight-gas formations.

Lee, W.J.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Origin of Subdwarf B Star (I): the Formation Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subdwarf B (sdB) stars (and related sdO/sdOB stars) are believed to be helium core-burning objects with very thin hydrogen-rich envelopes. In recent years it has become increasingly clear from observational surveys that a large fraction of these objects are members of binary systems. To better understand their formation, we here present the results of a detailed investigation of the three main binary evolution channels that can lead to the formation of sdB stars: the common envelope (CE) ejection channel, the stable Roche lobe overflow (RLOF) channel and the double helium white dwarfs (WDs) merger channel. We obtained the conditions for the formation of sdB stars from each of these channels using detailed stellar and binary evolution calculations where we modelled the detailed evolution of sdB stars and carried out simplified binary population synthesis simulations. The observed period distribution of sdB stars in compact binaries strongly constrains the CE ejection parameters. We also present the distribution of sdB stars in the $T_{\\rm eff}$ - $\\log g$ diagram, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and the distribution of mass functions.

Zhanwen Han; Philipp Podsiadlowski; Pierre L. F. Maxted; Tom R. Marsh; Natasha Ivanova

2002-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

82

Foundation Year Aguideforinternationalstudents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundation Year Aguideforinternationalstudents #12;2 Contents TheFoundationYears 5 Engineering/Physics/Geophysics FoundationYear 6 ScienceFoundationYear 7 EntryRequirements 8 Moneymatters 10 Universitylife 10 The-termcommitmentandabig investmentinyourfuture.OurFoundationYearsare designedtoprepareyouforundergraduatestudyandto

Molinari, Marc

83

Foundation Year Aguideforstudents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundation Year Aguideforstudents #12;2 Contents TheFoundationYears 5 Engineering/Physics/Geophysics FoundationYear 6 ScienceFoundationYear 7 EntryRequirements 8 Moneymatters 10 Universitylife 10 TheUniversity 10 Thecity 10 Accommodation 10 Studentaccommodation MontefioreHouse4.. #12;3 OurFoundation

Anderson, Jim

84

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Children's Hospital of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 July General Pediatric Children's Hospital of Michigan High Risk Obstetrics Hutzel Women's Hospital Biochemical Genetics Lab/Metabolic Clinic Harper Hospital/ Children's Hospital of Michigan Reproductive Genetics Hutzel Women's Hospital August General Pediatric Children

Finley Jr., Russell L.

85

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 CORE W to meet BioE Engineering Elective Reqt. (c) ­ course used to meet ChE Techical Elective Reqt Revised 11

Lawrence, Rick L.

86

Sequentially Triggered Star Formation in OB Associations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss observational evidence for sequential and triggered star formation in OB associations. We first review the star formation process in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, the nearest OB association to the Sun, where several recent extensive studies have allowed us to reconstruct the star formation history in a rather detailed way. We then compare the observational results with those obtained for other OB associations and with recent models of rapid cloud and star formation in the turbulent interstellar medium. We conclude that the formation of whole OB subgroups (each consisting of several thousand stars) requires large-scale triggering mechanisms such as shocks from expanding wind and supernova driven superbubbles surrounding older subgroups. Other triggering mechanisms, like radiatively driven implosion of globules, also operate, but seem to be secondary processes, forming only small stellar groups rather than whole OB subgroups with thousands of stars.

Thomas Preibisch; Hans Zinnecker

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

87

UIC Honors College This year represents the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They are due February 15th. For all the important in- formation, check out the Ball website: http:// uichcab. The sessions cover the process of searching for internal and external awards, highlight upcoming deadlines scholarships (some are in preparation for applying next year). Please visit the OSSP website for more

Ben-Arie, Jezekiel

88

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

89

Notices Accessible Format: Individuals with  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

472 Federal Register 472 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 83 / Monday, April 30, 2012 / Notices Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the program contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System at: www.gpo.gov/fdsys. At this site you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Adobe Portable Document

90

Secretary Moniz's First Year  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Check out our new interactive timeline to recap top moments from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's first year in office.

91

Secretary Moniz's First Year  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

We're looking back at some of the biggest moments from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's first year in office.

92

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 10 Year Site Plan FY2007...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

resource and production constraints, have led to large increases in oil and natural gas prices, changing the industrial and commercial business environment. The NREL Ten-Year...

93

Year 1 Year 2 Anne 3 Anne 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7Year 3 Year 4 INGENIEUR POLYTECHNICIENINGENIEUR POLYTECHNICIEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Biology / Chemistry / Computer Science / Economics / Energy / Mechanics and Environmental Sciences / Mathematics and Applied Mathematics / Physics / Science, Technology & Society / Software Systems / Innovation Duration: 2 years - Possibility to be directly admitted to Year 2 Master of ScienceMaster of Science #12

Cengarle, María Victoria

94

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

95

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

96

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

97

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

98

A System Degradation Study of 445 Systems Using Year-Over-Year Performance Index Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This graphic summarizes the results of a study conducted by the SunPower Corporation, to assess the median degradation of a large number of systems. This is important because solar investors need proof of low degradation. The study, a project under DOE's SunShot Initiative, makes use of year-over-year performance index change analysis, a powerful and practical technique for assessing the median degradation of a large fleet of systems, which in this case includes a sample of 445.

99

Grand unified strings and galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility that topologically stable strings formed at a grand unification phase transition led to galaxy formation is discussed. A large class of solutions describing non-self-intersecting loops is presented. The gravitational field and power radiated from a simple class of oscillating configurations of string is calculated, and the possibility of its detection discussed. Unique features of the string scenario are emphasized.

Neil Turok

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Water Formatics Engineered formation of nanobubbles networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nanobubbles [3,4,11,14]. 2. A decrease in surface tension from 72 to 68 dyn/cm [11]. 3. Increase nanobubble network is the out come of a self organization process due to the collective effect of bubble-bubble term stability of water structure is resulted from the formation of dense array of stable gas

Jacob, Eshel Ben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Allocation Year Rollover  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Allocation Year Rollover Allocation Year Rollover Allocation Year Rollover: 2013 to 2014 Note: Allocation Year 2013 (AY13) ends at 23:59:59 on Monday, January 13, 2014. AY14 runs from Tuesday, January 14, 2014 through Monday, January 12, 2015. Below are major changes that will go into effect with the beginning of AY14 on Tuesday, January 14, 2014. All times listed are PST. Scheduled System Downtimes There will be no service disruption during the allocation year rollover this year. Interactive and batch use will continue uninterrupted (except for "premium" jobs on Hopper; see below). Charging Across AY Boundary All batch jobs will continue running during the rollover. Time accrued before midnight will be charged to AY13 repos; time accrued after midnight will be charged to AY14 repos. Running batch jobs that are associated with

102

large hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

large hydro large hydro Dataset Summary Description The Planning Database Project provides the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) with regular data to track progress towards achieving EU targets for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) sources. Extracts from the database are available each month. Information collected in the database includes: name, location and installed capacity of RE projects over 0.1MW; environmental designations; planning status; and construction status. Included here is the October 2010 Progress Datasheet, and an extract from December, 15, 2010 (i.e. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released December 15th, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biomass co-firing installed capacity

103

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

8 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2008 Year-End...

104

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2009 Year-End...

105

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2010 Year-End...

106

Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Summary Report Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End...

107

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Engineer's Guide to the Structures of Baltimore Audience Students from the Krieger School of Arts City, interfaced through a course website, the team will integrate descriptions of structural behavior format. Technologies Used HTML/Web Design, MySQL Project Abstract Structural analysis is typically taught

Gray, Jeffrey J.

108

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design goals for this project include low cost (less than $30 per paddle) and robustness. The projectProject Year 2001 Project Team Faculty: Allison Okamura, Mechanical Engineering, Whiting School Project Title Haptic Display of Dynamic Systems Audience 30 to 40 students per year, enrolled

Gray, Jeffrey J.

109

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-year section of the summer project will cost $1344.) This project will be measured by the CER surveys conductedProject Year 2005 Project Team Sean Greenberg, Faculty, Philosophy Department, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences; Kevin Clark, Student, Philosophy Department, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences Project

Gray, Jeffrey J.

110

Significance of Semivolatile Diesel Exhaust Organics for Secondary HONO Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The atmospheric origin of nitrous acid (HONO) is largely unknown despite its estimated importance as an OH source during daytime due to its rapid photolysis. Recently, primary HONO contained in automobile exhaust as well as secondary HONO formation on ...

Lukas Gutzwiller; Frank Arens; Urs Baltensperger; Heinz W. Gäggeler; Markus Ammann

2002-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

111

Knowledge-based framework for hypothesis formation in biochemical networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Spain, September 28-October 1, 2005 Knowledge-based framework for hypothesis formation...85281, USA Motivation: The current knowledge about biochemical networks is largely...constantly need to revise or extend existing knowledge. The revision and/or extension are......

Nam Tran; Chitta Baral; Vinay J. Nagaraj; Lokesh Joshi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2009 -Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Reference Case Tables PDF GIF Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary XLS GIF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption

113

Large volume recycling of oceanic lithosphere over short time scales: geochemical constraints from the Caribbean Large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large volume recycling of oceanic lithosphere over short time scales: geochemical constraints from with derivation from recycled oceanic crust, while the depleted lavas are derived from a highly residual source source mantle could have been 9 500 Ma before CLIP formation and interpreted to reflect the recycling

Graham, David W.

114

A critical analysis of shock models for chondrule formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years many models of chondrule formation have been proposed. One of those models is the processing of dust in shock waves in protoplanetary disks. In this model, the dust and the chondrule precursors are overrun by shock waves, which heat them up by frictional heating and thermal exchange with the gas. In this paper we reanalyze the nebular shock model of chondrule formation and focus on the downstream boundary condition. We show that for large-scale plane-parallel chondrule-melting shocks the postshock equilibrium temperature is too high to avoid volatile loss. Even if we include radiative cooling in lateral directions out of the disk plane into our model (thereby breaking strict plane-parallel geometry) we find that for a realistic vertical extent of the solar nebula disk the temperature decline is not fast enough. On the other hand, if we assume that the shock is entirely optically thin so that particles can radiate freely, the cooling rates are too high to produce the observed chondrules texture...

Stammler, Sebastian M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Meet with Large Businesses  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meet with Large Businesses Meet with Large Businesses and learn about upcoming acquisitions! * Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) * National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) * Small Business Administration (SBA) * U.S. Department of Energy / Energy, Efficiency, and Renewable Energy (EERE) * U.S. Department of Energy / Golden Field Office (GFO) * Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) * Colorado Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC)

116

Previous Year Awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Awards Awards Previous Year Awards 2013 Allocation Awards This page lists the allocation awards for NERSC for the 2013 allocation year (Jan 8, 2013 through Jan 13, 2014). Read More » NERSC Initiative for Scientific Exploration (NISE) 2013 Awards NISE is a mechanism used for allocating the NERSC reserve (10% of the total allocation). In 2013 we made the second year of the two-year awards made in 2012, supplemented by projects selected by the NERSC director. Read More » Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program 2012/2013 Awards NERSC's new data-intensive science pilot program is aimed at helping scientists capture, analyze and store the increasing stream of scientific data coming out of experiments, simulations and instruments. Read More » 2012 Allocation Awards This page lists the allocation awards for NERSC for the 2012 allocation

117

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Louise Pasternack, Chemistry Department, Krieger School, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences Project Title Introductory Chemistry Lab Demonstrations Audience an interactive virtual lab manual that will facilitate understanding of the procedures and techniques required

Gray, Jeffrey J.

118

Isotope Evidence for Ozone Formation on Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Remarkably, the gas-phase recombination or association reaction of ozone has an unusually large (?10%) isotope effect and shows almost equal enrichments of the ozone molecules containing two different oxygen isotopes. ... For a better understanding of the pressure and temperature dependence of ozone isotopic composition in oxygen discharges, we developed a relatively simple isotope kinetic model that accounts for the processes of (i) heterogeneous ozone formation at the reactor walls, (ii) isotope exchange of oxygen atoms with O2 molecules, and (iii) ozone formation in the gas phase. ...

Christof Janssen; Béla Tuzson

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

119

On Superheavy Element Formation and Beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low energy collisions of very heavy nuclei (238U+238U, 232Th+250Cf and 238U+248Cm) have been studied within the realistic dynamical model based on multi-dimensional Langevin equations. Large charge and mass transfer was found due to the ''inverse quasi-fission'' process leading to formation of survived superheavy long-lived neutron-rich nuclei. In many events lifetime of the composite system consisting of two touching nuclei turns out to be rather long; sufficient for spontaneous positron formation from super-strong electric field, a fundamental QED process.

Zagrebaev, Valery [Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reaction, JINR, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Greiner, Walter [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, J.W. Goethe-Universitaet, 60325 Frankfurt (Germany)

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

120

Best Practices for Portable Document Format (PDF) Creation | Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Best Practices for Portable Document Format (PDF) Creation Best Practices for Portable Document Format (PDF) Creation Print page Print page Email page Email page Best Practices for Portable Document Format (PDF) Creation October 2013 The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is responsible for permanently storing the Department of Energy's (DOE) scientific and technical information (STI) collection. The STI must be collected in a digital format that can be preserved and accessible for years to come. In the late 1990's, OSTI selected the Portable Document Format (PDF) as the preferred format for receiving STI. OSTI continues to use this format for the submission and storage of STI documents. Preservation, content, and accessibility are enhanced by following these best practices for generating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Galaxy Formation, Bars and QSOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model that accounts for the brief flaring of QSOs in the early stages of galaxy formation is proposed. I argue that a bar must develop early in the life of nearly every galaxy and that gas to create and fuel the QSO is driven into the center of the galaxy by the bar. The QSO lifetime, and the mass of its central engine, are also controlled by large-scale dynamics, since the fuel supply is shut off after a short period by the development of an inner Lindblad resonance. This resonance causes the gas inflow along the bar to stall at a distance of a few hundred parsecs from the center. The ILR develops as a result of previous inflow, making quasar activity self-limiting. The bars are weakened and can be destroyed by the central mass concentration formed in this way.

J. A. Sellwood

1999-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

First strike Sixty years ago, Albert Einstein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-weapon state in association or alliance with a nuclear-weapon state." The loopholes in this policy are largeFirst strike Sixty years ago, Albert Einstein said that the existence of nuclear weapons would physicists, including Einstein, have argued that the first use of nuclear weapons can never again

Rhoads, James

123

Fiscal Year 2010 Greenhouse Gas Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fiscal Year 2010 Greenhouse Gas Inventory OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY #12;OREGON STATE UNIVERSITYGHG UNIVERSITYGHG Report - FY10 3 Acknowledgments Due to the broad scope of this inventory, a large number of people Oil: Amber Sams · Enterprise Rent-A-Car: Davion Reese · First Student: Brian Maxwell · Good Company

Escher, Christine

124

Fiscal Year 2009 Greenhouse Gas Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fiscal Year 2009 Greenhouse Gas Inventory Oregon State University Greg Smith Sustainability Program #12;Acknowledgments Due to the broad scope of this inventory, a large number of people from many - First Student: Brian Maxwell - Carson Oil: Gena Conner Government Organizations - Baker County: Jason

Escher, Christine

125

Applied large eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2971-2983. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0303 . Audio Supplement Audio Supplement Audio files from the Applied large eddy simulation...fidelity. | Whittle Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Large Energy Users Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type Custom: $200,000 or 30% per project Total Prescriptive and Custom combined: $400,000 per calendar year Program Info Funding Source Focus On Energy Start Date 04/01/2012 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Wisconsin Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type

127

The Halo Formation Rate and its link to the Global Star Formation Rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The star formation history of the universe shows strong evolution with cosmological epoch. Although we know mergers between galaxies can cause luminous bursts of star formation, the relative importance of such mergers to the global star formation rate (SFR) is unknown. We present a simple analytic formula for the rate at which halos merge to form higher-mass systems, derived from Press-Schechter theory and confirmed by numerical simulations (for high halo masses). A comparison of the evolution in halo formation rate with the observed evolution in the global SFR indicates that the latter is largely driven by halo mergers at z>1. Recent numerical simulations by Kolatt et al. (1999) and Knebe & Muller (1999) show how merging systems are strongly biased tracers of mass fluctuations, thereby explaining the strong clustering observed for Lyman-break galaxies without any need to assume that Lyman-break galaxies are associated only with the most massive systems at z~3.

W. J. Percival; L. Miller; W. E. Ballinger

1999-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Kai Yu Hughes Hall College for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy #12;ii Summary In recent years, there has been a trend towards training is to train hidden Markov models (HMMs) on the whole data set as if all data comes from a single acoustic

Hain, Thomas

129

Scaling studies of spheromak formation and equilibrium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Formation and equilibrium studies have been performed on the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX). Spheromaks are formed with a magnetized coaxial plasma gun and equilibrium is established in both small (d small =0.16 m) and large (d large =3d small =0.50 m) copper flux conservers. Using magnetic probe arrays it has been verified that spheromak formation is governed solely by gun physics (in particular the ratio of gun current to flux ? 0 I gun /? gun ) and is independent of the flux conserver dimensions. It has also been verified that equilibrium is well described by the force free condition ?× B =? B (?= constant) particularly early in decay. Departures from the force-free state are due to current profile effects described by a quadratic function ?=?(?) . Force-free SSX spheromaks will be merged to study magnetic reconnection in simple magnetofluid structures.

C. G. R. Geddes; T. W. Kornack; M. R. Brown

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operators, matrix indexing, vector computations, loops, functions, and plotting graphs, among others basic arithmetic operators, matrix indexing, and vector computations in MATLAB. After creatingProject Year 2011-2012 Project Title Online Tutorial for MATLAB Project Team Eileen Haase, Whiting

Gray, Jeffrey J.

131

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2005 Project Team Krysia Hudson, Faculty, School of Nursing, Undergraduate Instruction for Educational Resources Project Title Enhanced Web-based Learning Environments for Beginning Nursing Students (e.g., demonstrations of procedures or tasks) into the WBL systems, it will be possible to increase

Gray, Jeffrey J.

132

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that incorporate video taped procedures for student preview. Solution This project will create videos for more to study the procedure and techniques before coming to class. Our previous fellowship project addressedProject Year 2009 Project Title Enhancing Biology Laboratory Preparation through Video

Gray, Jeffrey J.

133

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, there is no resource available to view the procedure before class. Solution The purpose of this project is to capture available to view the procedure before class. The purpose #12;of this project is to capture variousProject Year 2007 Project Team Kristina Obom, Faculty, Advanced Academic Programs, Krieger School

Gray, Jeffrey J.

134

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Michael McCloskey, Cognitive Science/Neuroscience, Krieger of Arts & Sciences Project Title Cognitive Neuropsychology Audience The initial audience to access. The current procedure calls for individual students or researchers to contact the faculty member

Gray, Jeffrey J.

135

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2011-2012 Project Title Using M-Health and GIS Technology in the Field to Improve into teams and having each team use a different m-health data collection tool (e.g., cellular phones, smart health patterns. The Tech Fellow, Jacqueline Ferguson, will assist in creating an m-health project

Gray, Jeffrey J.

136

Project Year Project Team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2002 Project Team Faculty: Gregory Hager, Computer Science, Whiting School of Engineering Fellow: Alan Chen, Biomedical Engineering, Whiting School of Engineering Project Title Robotics is complicated, time-consuming, and costly, making a robot for an introductory-level class is not practical

Gray, Jeffrey J.

137

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the cost of the project to labor only. The efficacy of the examples will be assessed through their useProject Year 2012-2013 Project Title Sight-Reading at the Piano Project Team Ken Johansen, Peabody) Faculty Statement The goal of this project is to create a bank of practice exercises that student pianists

Gray, Jeffrey J.

138

Project Year Project Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year 2013-2014 Project Title German Online Placement Exam Project Team Deborah Mifflin to increased cost. As well, it lacked listening comprehension, writing and speaking components providing support, we will use Blackboard for this project. The creation will require numerous steps

Gray, Jeffrey J.

139

Project Year Spring 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Year Spring 2009 Project Title A Database of Film and Media History and Aesthetics Part 2 experience with colleagues, they were eager to participate in expanding the database to include clips or they simply don't have the time, or both. Solution: The development of a user-friendly database of clips would

Gray, Jeffrey J.

140

Star Formation Histories in the Local Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep color magnitude diagrams extending to the main sequence provide the most direct measure of the detailed star formation history in a stellar population. With large investments of observing time, HST can obtain such data for populations out to 1 Mpc, but its field of view is extremely small in comparison to the size of Local Group galaxies. This limitation severely constrains our understanding of galaxy formation. For example, the largest galaxy in the Local Group, Andromeda, offers an ideal laboratory for studying the formation of large spiral galaxies, but the galaxy shows substructure on a variety of scales, presumably due to its violent merger history. Within its remaining lifetime, HST can only sample a few sight-lines through this complex galaxy. In contrast, a wide field imager could provide a map of Andromeda's halo, outer disk, and tidal streams, revealing the spatially-dependent star formation history in each structure. The same data would enable many secondary studies, such as the age variation in Andromeda's globular cluster system, gigantic samples of variable stars, and microlensing tracers of the galaxy's dark matter distribution.

Thomas M. Brown

2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Consumers’ responses to price presentation formats in rebate advertisements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although rebates offer an important and popular promotion tool in retailing, little research has investigated whether their presentation format can influence consumers’ evaluations of and purchase intentions toward products featured in rebate ads. Retailers generally use two different rebate ad formats: one that transparently shows both before- and after-rebate prices and the other that displays the after-rebate price in relatively large print and the before-rebate price in small print. Three experimental studies attempt to determine which format is more effective for eliciting favorable consumers’ responses, and the results show that the format emphasizing only after-rebate prices generally leads to lower purchase intentions because of the negative affect it elicits. Furthermore, the effect of a rebate presentation format is moderated by the rebate amount, consumers’ price knowledge, and rebate processing time. The results show that consumers’ responses to different rebate presentation formats entail both emotional responses and rational evaluations.

Hyeong Min Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards November 17, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of 2 Million Tons of CO2 at Wyoming Site WASHINGTON, DC - Completing a series of awards through its Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded $66.9 million to the Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership for the Department's seventh large-scale carbon sequestration project. Led by Montana State University-Bozeman, the Partnership will conduct a large-volume test in the Nugget Sandstone formation to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to safely, permanently and economically

143

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards November 17, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of 2 Million Tons of CO2 at Wyoming Site WASHINGTON, DC - Completing a series of awards through its Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded $66.9 million to the Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership for the Department's seventh large-scale carbon sequestration project. Led by Montana State University-Bozeman, the Partnership will conduct a large-volume test in the Nugget Sandstone formation to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to safely, permanently and economically

144

Property:Incentive/SWHComYears | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWHComYears SWHComYears Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/SWHComYears Property Type String Description The number of years of energy production to which the commercial incentive applies. For commercial/Non-profit/gov't systems, this is may be an upfront rebate based on an estimate of first-year production or this may be actual measured output over several years. Ex: APS's (AZ) RE incentive for commercial SWH is $0.057/kWh over 10 years. Format: 10.0 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/SWHComYears" Showing 21 pages using this property. A APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) + 1 + C CPS Energy - Solar Hot Water Rebate Program (Texas) + 1 + California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program (California) + 1 +

145

Introduction Format Proprietaire -Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code for Information Interchange) 4. Unicode IFT-1215 Stefan Monnier 7 #12;BCD IFT-1215 Stefan MonnierSOMMAIRE Introduction Format Propri´etaire -Standard Code Alphanum´erique Entr´ee Alphanum : !, ?, ", (, . . . · Caract`eres sp´eciaux : *, $, ¿, . . . Quelques standards utilis´es pour les coder en binaires 1. BCD

Monnier, Stefan

146

Hierarchical galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......such as the cooling of gas in haloes, the formation...effects on interstellar gas of energy released by young stars, the production of heavy elements, the...dynamics of the cooling gas are calculated in full...relatively small computational cost. The major disadvantage......

Shaun Cole; Cedric G. Lacey; Carlton M. Baugh; Carlos S. Frenk

2000-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

147

Through the years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Through the years Through the years Early 1960s Researchers at PNL (now called PNNL) developed the standards and devices for setting and measuring radiation doses received by nuclear industry work- ers. Tens of thousands of people, including children, have been mea- sured by whole-body counters since the 1960s to relate their physical content of radioactive materials to sources such as food and water. 1960s PNL formulated the first use of a digital computer for complete process control of a mass spectrometer. Mid-1960s PNL devised a computer code, called COBRA for COolant Boiling in Rod Arrays, which allowed for three-dimensional, multiphase hydrothermal modeling of reactor and other complex systems. 1967 PNL researchers continued the fundamental scientific and

148

Composting Large Animal Carcasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disposing of large animal carcasses can be a problem for agricultural producers. Composting is a simple, low-cost method that yields a useful product that can be used as fertilizer. In this publication you'll learn the basics of composting, how...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fully from the space available in...the machine construction. The superconducting...for a single sector, the whole...therefore, as the heating increases...was made, a sector was powered...is a slight heating during ramp...Collider. | The construction of the Large...the limited space available in...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

40 Years of Discovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

History is most interesting when seen through the eyes of those who lived it. In this 40th anniversary retrospective of bioscience research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we've asked 19 scientists to share their personal recollections about a major accomplishment in the program's history. We have not tried to create a comprehensive or seamless story. Rather, we've attempted to capture the perspectives of key individuals, each of whom worked on a research program that met significant milestones. We have focused particularly on programs and accomplishments that have shaped the current Biology and Biotechnology Research Program (BBRP). In addition, we have included a timeline of biosciences at LLNL, a history of the directorate that appeared in the Laboratory's magazine, ''Science & Technology Review'', in 2002, and a list of bioscience-related articles that have appeared over the years in ''Science & Technology Review and its predecessor, Energy & Technology Review''. The landscape of biological science today is stunningly different from 40 years ago. When LLNL bioscience began in 1963, we knew about the structure of DNA and that it was the carrier of genetic information. However, it would be another year before scientists would understand how DNA codes for the production of proteins and more than a decade before the earliest DNA sequence would be known. It is sometimes difficult to remember that it was only 15 years ago that the polymerase chain reaction, a synthetic method to amplify pieces of DNA was developed, and that only within the last half-dozen years has sequence data for entire organisms begun to be available. In this publication, we have tried to capture some of the landmark and seminal research history: radiation effects studies, which were a major reason for founding the biological research program, and flow sorting and chromosome painting, which dramatically changed our ability to study DNA damage and enabled the creation of chromosome-specific clone libraries, a key step toward sequencing the human genome. Several histories relate to the Human Genome Project itself and surrounding technologies, and several to long-standing research themes such as DNA repair, food mutagens, and reproductive biology. Others describe more recent developments such as computational biology, health-care technologies, and biodefense research.

Weinstein, B; Heller, A

2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2009 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous...

152

,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous...

153

Implicit Large Eddy Simulation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Implicit Implicit Large Eddy Simulation (ILES) for High Reynolds Number Flows Len Margolin Applied Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Collaborators: 1. Bill Rider (LANL) 2. Piotr Smolarkiewicz (NCAR) 3. Andrzej Wysogrodski (NCAR) 4. Fernando Grinstein (NRL) len@lanl.gov 1 Implicit Large Eddy Simulation Outline: * What is ILES? * What are its advantages? * Historical perspective * Why does it work? * Some examples len@lanl.gov 2 What is ILES ILES is the direct application of a fluid solver to a high Reynolds number fluid flow with no explicit turbulence model. · The truncation terms of the algorithm serve as an effective model of the effects of the unresolved scales. · Fluid solvers based on Nonoscillatory Finite Volume (NFV) approximations work effectively for ILES. · Fluid solvers based on pseudospectral methods, leapfrog methods, advective form methods, etc. do not work

154

Planning for Years to Come  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Planning for Years to Come Planning for Years to Come LANL's Governing Policy on the Environment August 1, 2013 Water sampling tour for the Association of Experiential Education...

155

Star Formation in Mergers and Interacting Galaxies: Gathering the Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selected results from recent studies of star formation in galaxies at different stages of interaction are reviewed. Recent results from the Spitzer Space Telescope are highlighted. Ideas on how large-scale driving of star formation in interacting galaxies might mesh with our understanding of star formation in isolated galaxies and small scale mechanisms within galaxies are considered. In particular, there is evidence that on small scales star formation is determined by the same thermal and turbulent processes in cool compressed clouds as in isolated galaxies. If so, this affirms the notion that the primary role of large-scale dynamics is to gather and compress the gas fuel. In gas-rich interactions this is generally done with increasing efficiency through the merger process.

Curtis Struck

2006-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

156

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Years Trip A New Years Trip December 26, 2003 - January 3, 2004 By Saul Wilson #12;A New Years Trip 7 INTRODUCTION #12;A New Years Trip 8 rom December 26, 2003 to January 3, 2004 my dad and I

Wilson, W. Stephen

157

Calendar Year 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Office of Inspector General 
1000 3 Office of Inspector General 
1000 Independence Avenue, SW 
 Washington, DC 20585 202-586-4128 en Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-03 http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-fs-14-03 Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-03

158

Gyrokinetic large eddy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation approach is adapted to the study of plasma microturbulence in a fully three-dimensional gyrokinetic system. Ion temperature gradient driven turbulence is studied with the GENE code for both a standard resolution and a reduced resolution with a model for the sub-grid scale turbulence. A simple dissipative model for representing the effect of the sub-grid scales on the resolved scales is proposed and tested. Once calibrated, the model appears to be able to reproduce most of the features of the free energy spectra for various values of the ion temperature gradient.

Morel, P.; Navarro, A. Banon; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles 1050 (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Large Business Development Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Large Business Development Program, administered by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, provides grants to large businesses for bondable business activities, including...

160

Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the ¯eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identi¯cation is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identi¯cation is possible. We show that unique identi¯cation becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The large-scale structure of vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The vacuum state in quantum field theory is known to exhibit an important number of fundamental physical features. In this work we explore the possibility that this state could also present a non-trivial space-time structure on large scales. In particular, we will show that by imposing the renormalized vacuum energy-momentum tensor to be conserved and compatible with cosmological observations, the vacuum energy of sufficiently heavy fields behaves at late times as non-relativistic matter rather than as a cosmological constant. In this limit, the vacuum state supports perturbations whose speed of sound is negligible and accordingly allows the growth of structures in the vacuum energy itself. This large-scale structure of vacuum could seed the formation of galaxies and clusters very much in the same way as cold dark matter does.

Albareti, F D; Maroto, A L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

OCCURRENCE OF BIOGENIC STERANES AND PENTACYCLIC TRITERPANES IN AN EOCENE SHALE (52 MILLION YEARS) AND IN AN EARLY PRECAMBRIAN SHALE (2.7 BILLION YEARS): A PRELIMINARY REPORT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ancient shales and oils, and more specifically in carbonaceous chondrites. Earlier we reported preliminary studies on the oil shale from the Green River Formation (Eocene age, about 52 X 106 years) at Rifle, Colorado.' 2 These results, which paralleled...

A. L. Burlingame; Pat Haug; Theodore Belsky; Melvin Calvin

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Foundation Year Monash University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Foundation Year Monash University Foundation Year Monash College has helped me to make my future better. By studying the Foundation Year, I am always learning something new and still having lots of fun. Thanks to the Foundation Year, I am preparing for a successful future. Vonny Leonardy, Monash

Albrecht, David

164

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Four Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Four Year Plan Fall 2009 Nuclear Engineering (67 hrs) CH Grade Perspectives (15;Nuclear Engineering Four Year Plan Starting Fall 2009 FALL Year 1 Credits WINTER Year 1 Credits SPRING I NE 452 3 Neutronic Analysis II NE 457 2 Nuclear Reactor Lab Western Culture (3): NE 467 4 Nucl

Tullos, Desiree

165

Residential Commercial Industrial Year  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Residential Commercial Industrial Year and State Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers 2000 Total ................... 4,996,179 59,252,728 3,182,469 5,010,817 8,142,240 220,251 2001 Total ................... 4,771,340 60,286,364 3,022,712 4,996,446 7,344,219 217,026 2002 Total ................... 4,888,816 61,107,254 3,144,169 5,064,384 7,507,180 205,915 2003 Total ................... R 5,079,351 R 61,871,450 R 3,179,493 R 5,152,177 R 7,150,396 R 205,514 2004 Total ................... 4,884,521 62,469,142 3,141,653 5,135,985 7,250,634 212,191 Alabama ...................... 43,842 806,175 26,418 65,040 169,135 2,800 Alaska.......................... 18,200 104,360 18,373 13,999 46,580 10 Arizona ........................

166

Geologic Study of the Coso Formation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Study of the Coso Formation Study of the Coso Formation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geologic Study of the Coso Formation Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: There have been great advances in the last 20 years in understanding the volcanic, structural, geophysical, and petrologic development of the Coso Range and Coso geothermal field. These studies have provided a wealth of knowledge concerning the geology of the area, including general structural characteristics and kinematic history. One element missing from this dataset was an understanding of the sedimentology and stratigraphy of well-exposed Cenozoic sedimentary strata - the Coso Formation. A detailed sedimentation and tectonics study of the Coso Formation was undertaken to provide a more complete picture of the

167

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 13–20 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Védrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

On Star Formation Rates in Dwarf Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present evolutionary synthesis models of starbursts on top of old stellar populations to investigate in detailed time evolution the relation between Ha luminosity and star formation rate (SFR). The models show that several effects have an impact on the ratio between L(Ha) and SFR. Metallicity different from solar abundance, a time delay between star formation and maximum Ha-luminosity, and a varying stellar initial mass function give rise to strong variations in the ratio of Ha luminosity to SFR and can cause large errors in the determination of the SFR when employing well-known calibrations. When studying star-bursting dwarf galaxies, and sub-galactic fragments at high redshift, which show SFR fluctuating on short timescales, these effects can add up to errors of two orders of magnitude compared with the calibrations. To accurately determine the true current SFR additional data in combination with models for the spectral energy distribution are needed.

Peter M. Weilbacher; Uta Fritze-v. Alvensleben

2001-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Practical exploration model for Smackover Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Smackover Formation has been an important exploration target for many years, with production coming from a variety of structural, stratigraphic, diagenetic, and combination traps. The Smackover is also one of the most studied of Gulf Coast formations. The resulting exploration models have either been rigid in their applications, or have been based on core and thin-section analysis not readily available to the prospect-generating geologist. A proposed model looks at the Smackover as a lithology rather than a time unit. The model uses primarily subsurface logs, and can be applied either to wildcat or exploitation drilling. The Smackover is a mature exploration target, but with enhanced understanding it is still an economically attractive objective.

Lieber, R.B. (First Energy Corp., Houston, TX (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Iron Isotope and Rare Earth Element Patterns of the Neoproterozoic Fulu Formation, South China: Implications for Late Proterozoic Ocean Chemistry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Neoproterozoic Era, from around 1000 to 570 million years ago, witnessed the widespread deposition of Iron Formations (IFs) in close association with global glaciations.… (more)

Goldbaum, Elizabeth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Large Current-Ripples as Indicators of Paleogeography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consistently to tidal currents. These, too, are the only marine currents, flowing parallel to the shore-line, in which veloci...commonly found broken, but the fossils in general show little wear. 8. Large current-ripples are found in such formations as...

Walter H. Bucher

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Migration Year Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 1 #12;Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 NIDS NCCR North-South #12;Book Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Publishers Nepal Institute of Development Studies (NIDS) G.P.O. Box: 7647, Kathmandu, Nepal Email: nids@mail.com.np Web: www.nids.org.np National Centre of Competence in Research

Richner, Heinz

174

Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Abstract: The formation...

175

Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

Thomas Buchert

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

176

ATNI Mid-year Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Mid-year Convention will be hosted by the Chehalis Tribe.

177

Reconstructing the geomorphic evolution of large coastal dunes along the southeastern shore of Lake Michigan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastal dunes are common along the eastern shore of Lake Michigan, with the most common being large (>30 m high), parabolic dunes that mantle lake terraces south of Manistee, MI. Although these dunes are an important resource in Michigan, and thus intensely managed by various state agencies, their geomorphic history is poorly understood. This study examines four sites near Holland, MI, through stratigraphic and radiocarbon analyses and is the most detailed geomorphic reconstruction conducted of coastal parabolic dunes in the region. Results from this study could benefit the environmental agencies in their management of the coastal dune ecosystem. Deposition of Eolian sand apparently began ?5500 cal. years BP (i.e., during the Nipissing high stand). Most (?75%) dune building occurred between ?4000 and 2500 cal. years BP but was punctuated by brief periods of stability that resulted in the development of Entisols (A/C horizonation). Entisol burial occurred because the sand supply apparently increased during both the receding and rising lake levels. Subsequently, each dune stabilized for ?2000 years, allowing the formation of Inceptisols (i.e., A/E/Bs/C horizonation). This interval of dune stability correlates with sites south of Holland and occurred while Lake Michigan fluctuated slowly and the beach potentially prograded. These combined variables of slow fluctuation and potential beach progradation hypothetically protected the dunes from wave erosion. Dunes near Holland became active again ?1000–500 cal. years BP and grew both vertically and laterally. This activity intensified in the past 500 cal. years BP and hypothetically occurred due to recession of the lake shore such that wave erosion at the modern bluff base resumed. Results from this study indicate that coastal dunes along Lake Michigan are similar to many coastal dunes around the world, including those along the intermediate beaches in SE Australia.

Alan F Arbogast; Edward C Hansen; Martin D Van Oort

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Mesophase Formation in Heavy Oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Coke formation is a major problem in the petroleum industry because of its effect on liquid yield, catalyst deactivation, and fouling of reactor internals and… (more)

Bagheri, Seyed Reza

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

180

Assessing middle school students` understanding of science relationships and processes: Year 2 - instrument validation. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our overall purpose for this multi-year project was to develop an alternative assessment format measuring rural middle school students understanding of science concepts and processes and the interrelationships among them. This kind of understanding is called structural knowledge. We had 3 major interrelated goals: (1) Synthesize the existing literature and critically evaluate the actual and potential use of measures of structural knowledge in science education. (2) Develop a structural knowledge alternative assessment format. (3) Examine the validity of our structural knowledge format. We accomplished the first two goals during year 1. The structural knowledge assessment we identified and developed further was a select-and-fill-in concept map format. The goal for our year 2 work was to begin to validate this assessment approach. This final report summarizes our year 2 work.

Schau, C.; Mattern, N.; Weber, R.; Minnick, K.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Assessment of the potential for karst in the Rustler Formation at the WIPP site.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an independent assessment of the potential for karst dissolution in evaporitic strata of the Rustler Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site. Review of the available data suggests that the Rustler strata thicken and thin across the area in depositional patterns related to lateral variations in sedimentary accommodation space and normal facies changes. Most of the evidence that has been offered for the presence of karst in the subsurface has been used out of context, and the different pieces are not mutually supporting. Outside of Nash Draw, definitive evidence for the development of karst in the Rustler Formation near the WIPP site is limited to the horizon of the Magenta Member in drillhole WIPP-33. Most of the other evidence cited by the proponents of karst is more easily interpreted as primary sedimentary structures and the localized dissolution of evaporitic strata adjacent to the Magenta and Culebra water-bearing units. Some of the cited evidence is invalid, an inherited baggage from studies made prior to the widespread knowledge of modern evaporite depositional environments and prior to the existence of definitive exposures of the Rustler Formation in the WIPP shafts. Some of the evidence is spurious, has been taken out of context, or is misquoted. Lateral lithologic variations from halite to mudstone within the Rustler Formation under the WIPP site have been taken as evidence for the dissolution of halite such as that seen in Nash Draw, but are more rationally explained as sedimentary facies changes. Extrapolation of the known karst features in Nash Draw eastward to the WIPP site, where conditions are and have been significantly different for half a million years, is unwarranted. The volumes of insoluble material that would remain after dissolution of halite would be significantly less than the observed bed thicknesses, thus dissolution is an unlikely explanation for the lateral variations from halite to mudstone and siltstone. Several surficial depressions at WIPP, suggested to be sinkholes, do not have enough catchment area to form a sinkhole, and holes drilled to investigate the subsurface strata do not support a sinkhole interpretation. Surface drainage across the WIPP site is poorly developed because it has been disrupted by migrating sand dunes and because precipitation is not focused by defined catchment areas in this region of low precipitation and low-dip bedding, not because it has been captured by sinkholes. There are no known points of discharge from the Rustler Formation at WIPP that would indicate the presence of a subsurface karst drainage system. The existing drillholes across the WIPP site, though small in diameter, are sufficient to assess the probability of karst development along the horizontal fractures that are common in the Rustler Formation, and the area of investigation has been augmented significantly by the mapping of four large-diameter shafts excavated into the WIPP repository. The general absence of dissolution, karsting, and related conduits is corroborated by the pumping tests which have interrogated large volumes of the Rustler Formation between drillholes. Diffusion calculations suggest that separate isotopic signatures for the water found in the fractures and the water found in the pores of the matrix rock between fractures are unlikely, thus the isotopic evidence for ancient Rustler formation waters is valid. Geophysical techniques show a number of anomalies, but the anomalies do not overlap to portray consistent and mutually supporting patterns that can be definitively related to karst void space at any given location. The coincidence of the Culebra and Magenta potentiometric heads between Nash Draw and the WIPP site is the inevitable intersection of two non-parallel surfaces rather than an indication of karst-related hydraulic communication between the two units. The proponents of karst in the Rustler Formation at the WIPP site tend to mix data, to take data out of context, and to offer theory as fact. They do not analyze the data or synthesize

Lorenz, John Clay

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Updated 5/20/14 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated 5/20/14 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34) Fall (15) Spring (18) Fall (17) Spring (16) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (16) Spring (13) CALC I (4) CALC III [4] SOLIDS (3) CALC membership recommended prerequisite corequisite Engineering-related summer job or internship recommended lab

183

Updated 3/21/13 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated 3/21/13 Freshman Year (32) Sophomore Year (34) Junior Year (34) Fall (15) Spring (17) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (18) Spring (16) Fall (16) Spring (13) CALC I (4) CALC III [4] SOLIDS (3) CALC membership recommended prerequisite corequisite Engineering-related summer job or internship recommended lab

184

Large Protein Folding and Dynamics Studied by Advanced Hydrogen Exchange Methods.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Protein folding studies over the past 50 years have been largely focused on small proteins (< 200 residues) leading to a dearth of information about… (more)

Walters, Benjamin Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_001b.htm06/07/2004 13:02:41 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Income 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_001d.htm06/07/2004 13:02:52 #12;5 Year

186

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0029.htm06/07/2004 13:01:23 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Income 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_002d.htm06/07/2004 13:01:34 #12;5 Year

187

Copper-mediated LDL oxidation by homocysteine and related compounds depends largely on copper ligation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copper-mediated LDL oxidation by homocysteine and related compounds depends largely on copper of copper-mediated LDL oxidation (initiation, conjugated diene formation and aldehyde formation), whereas at high concentration, it acts as an antioxidant. The affinity for copper of homocysteine and related

Williamson, Mike P.

188

A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Miocene volcanic complex of the Takashibiyama Formation consists largely of subalkali, subaqueous basalt to andesite lavas and andesite to dacite subaqueous volcaniclastic flow deposits. Most of subaqueous lavas are moderately to intensely brecciated with rugged rough surfaces and ramp structures similar to subaerial block lava. Volcaniclastic flow deposits commonly include basalt to andesite lava fragments and/or pyroclastic materials, and are similar in internal

189

Collisionless Weibel shocks: Full formation mechanism and timing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collisionless shocks in plasmas play an important role in space physics (Earth's bow shock) and astrophysics (supernova remnants, relativistic jets, gamma-ray bursts, high energy cosmic rays). While the formation of a fluid shock through the steepening of a large amplitude sound wave has been understood for long, there is currently no detailed picture of the mechanism responsible for the formation of a collisionless shock. We unravel the physical mechanism at work and show that an electromagnetic Weibel shock always forms when two relativistic collisionless, initially unmagnetized, plasma shells encounter. The predicted shock formation time is in good agreement with 2D and 3D particle-in-cell simulations of counterstreaming pair plasmas. By predicting the shock formation time, experimental setups aiming at producing such shocks can be optimised to favourable conditions.

Bret, A. [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain); Instituto de Investigaciones Energéticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain); Stockem, A. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon (Portugal); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Narayan, R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-51 Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon (Portugal)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

one mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection, mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection, which will occur over a three-year period and is slated to start in early 2010, will compress up to 1 million metric tonnes of CO 2 from the ADM ethanol facility into a liquid-like, dense phase. The targeted rock formation, the Mt. Simon Sandstone, is the thickest and most widespread saline reservoir in the Illinois Basin, with an estimated CO 2 storage capacity of 27 to 109 billion metric tonnes. A comprehensive monitoring program, which will be evaluated yearly, will be implemented after the injection to ensure the injected CO 2 is stored safely and permanently. The RCSP Program was launched by the Office of Fossil Energy (FE)

191

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) High Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 XLS GIF Spreadsheets are provided in Excel Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) Table Title Formats Summary High Economic Growth Case Tables PDF GIF High Economic Growth Case Tables XLS GIF Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary XLS GIF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption XLS GIF Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions

192

Calendar Year 2002 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 Calendar Year 2002 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 2002-12-31 - Report IG-0580:* Special Report on "Management Challenges at the Department of Energy" 2002-12-23 - Report IG-0579:* Audit Report on "The Department's Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program" 2002-12-19 - Report IG-0578:* Inspection Report on "Inspection of Explosives Safety at Selected Department of Energy Sites" 2002-12-18 - Report IG-0577:* Audit Report on "Planned Characterization Capability At The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant" 2002-12-03 - Report OAS-L-03-03:* Audit Report on "Follow-Up Audit on the Department's Management of Field Contractor Employees Assigned to Headquarters and Other Federal Agencies"

193

Calendar Year 1999 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1999 1999 Calendar Year 1999 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 1999-12-22 - Report IG-0455: * Inspection Report on "Inspection of the Sale of a Paragon Supercomputer by Sandia National Laboratories" 1999-12-16 - Report INS-O-00-02: * Inspection Report on "Inspection of Alleged Improprieties Regarding Issuance of a Contract" 1999-12-15 - Report IG-0454:* Audit Report on "Waste Incineration at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory" 1999-12-10 - Report WR-B-OO-02:* Audit Report on "Properties and Facilities at Grand Junction" 1999-11-30 - Report INS-O-00-01:* Inspection Report on "Inspection of Selected Issues of the Chem-Bio Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory"

194

Calendar Year 1997 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Calendar Year 1997 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 1997-12-23 - Report IG-0416:* Audit of Support Services Subcontracts at Argonne National Laboratory 1997-12-10 - Report ER-B-98-05:* Audit of the Department of Energy's Contracts with Envirocare of Utah, Inc. 1997-12-05 - Report IG-0414:* Audit of the Department of Energy's Management of Field Contractor Employees Assigned to Headquarters and Other Federal Agencies 1997-12-04 - Report IG-0415:* Audit of Departmental Receipt of Final Deliverables for Grant Awards 1997-11-24 - Report ER-B-98-04:* Audit of Selected Government-Funded Grants and Contracts at Princeton University 1997-11-19 - Report WR-B-98-01:* Audit of the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility Operations at the

195

Calendar Year 1996 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Calendar Year 1996 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 1996-11-21 - Report IG-0398: Special Report on the Audit of the Management of Department of Energy Construction Projects 1996-11-15 - Report WR-B-97-03: Audit of Groundwater Monitoring at Hanford 1996-11-07 - Report WR-B-97-02: Audit of Bus Service Subsidies at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory 1996-11-06 - Report WR-B-97-01: Audit of Electrical System Construction Projects at the Nevada Operations Office 1996-10-22 - Report ER-B-97-01: Audit of Economic Development Grants and a Cooperative Agreement with East Tennessee Not-For-Profit Organizations 1996-10-13 - Report INS-9601: Report on the Intelligence Oversight Inspection of the Special Technologies Laboratory 1996-10-07 - Report IG-0397:*

196

Calendar Year 1998 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 Calendar Year 1998 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 1998-12-21 - Report ER-B-99-01:* Audit Report on "Decontamination and Decommissioning at the East Tennessee Technology Park" 1998-12-04 - Report WR-B-99-01:* Audit Report on "Transportation Safeguards Division Courier Work Schedule and Escort Vehicle Replacements" 1998-12-18 - Report IG-0434:* Audit Report on "Waste Inventory Data at Oak Ridge and Savannah River" 1998-12-03 - Report IG-0433:* Report on "Inspection of Department of Energy Conference Policies and Practices" 1998-11-20 - Report IG-0432:* Audit Report on "The U.S. Department of Energy's Efforts to Increase The Financial Responsibility Of Its Major For-Profit Operating Contractors"

197

Calendar Year 2001 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Calendar Year 2001 Documents marked with the * are published in Adobe PDF format. 2001-12-21 - Report IG-0537:* Audit Report on "Telecommunications Infrastructure" 2001-12-20 - Report IG-0536:* Inspection Report on "Follow-on Inspection of the Department of Energy's Value Engineering Program" 2001-12-21 - Report IG-0538:* Special Report on "Management Challenges at the Department of Energy" 2001-12-18 - Report IG-0535:* Audit Report on "Management of the Stockpile Surveillance Program's Significant Finding Investigations" 2001-12 - Report IG-0534:* Inspection Report on "Inspection of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Protective Force and Special Response Team " 2001-12-07 - Report IG-0533:* Inspection Report on "Inspection of the Department of Energy's Automated

198

Diagenetic saline formation waters: Their role in crustal processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formation waters typical of most sedimentary basins are Bi-rich, Na-Ca-Cl brines. High Cl content is due to halite dissolution and high Ca content to albitization of metastable detrital plagioclase deposited in both sands and shales. High Br content is due to halite recrystallization, especially during deformation, and to the conversion of carnallite to sylvite. Minor elements and isotopes are all controlled by mineral/water reactions. Saline formation waters are thus a normal diagenetic product formed during burial. Diagenetic formation waters constitute a previously unrecognized loop in crustal cycling. Transfer of Li, B, S, Cl, Ca, and Br from sediments to brines, and then discharge of brines back to the ocean, explains why these six elements are depleted in the average igneous crust relative to the average sedimentary crust. Diagenetic saline formation waters are limited in volume only by the availability of sedimentary halite and detrital plagioclase. Thus, the volume of fluids available for MVT-type mineralization and late stage sediment diagenesis is much larger than would be true if formation waters were modified surficial brines. Discharge of saline formation waters from sedimentary basins accounts for efficient chloride cycling (225 Ma residence time in the ocean), and for most of the chloride content of the world's rivers not due to aerosols. Expulsion of large volumes of diagenetic formation waters during tectonism can account for rapid excursions in oceanic chemistry, as in the case of [sup 87]Sr/[sup 86]Sr.

Land, L.S. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. Geology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

formatting | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

formatting formatting Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References! citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document type. Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 25 June, 2013 - 07:39 How to create formatted blocks to hold OpenEI wiki content content formatting user interface wiki The OpenEI wiki frontpage uses "boxes" that help organize content. These boxes are frequently re-used across the site. Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

200

Fiscal Year 2012 Congressional Budget  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Fiscal Year 2012 Congressional Budget of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

One Year Passport to Success  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Describes the framework for the Department's on-boarding program for a new employee from day one through their first year.

202

Fiscal Year 2011 Congressional Budget  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Fiscal Year 2011 Congressional Budget of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

203

Lasers: The First Fifty Years  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the invention of the laser. The Optical Society of America is publishing this feature issue to celebrate this auspicious birthday.

Boyd, Robert W.; Athale, Ravindra; Onural, Levent; Seka, Wolf

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Large steam turbine repair: A survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers a survey taken to document the current state-of-the-art in repairs to large steam turbines. One objective was to provide information to assist utilities in making repair or replacement decisions. The survey revealed that a large number of repairs have been successfully repaired involving both mechanical and welding repair techniques. Repair techniques have been improving in recent years and are being used more frequently. No guidelines or codes exist for the repair of steam turbine components so each repair is primarily controlled by agreement between the utility, contractor and insurer. Types of repairs are reviewed in this report and in addition, the capabilities of various contractors who are currently active in providing repair service. 40 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs.

Findlan, S.J.; Lube, B. (EPRI Nondestructive Evaluation Center, Charlotte, NC (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Large coil task instrumentation and diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Large Coil Task (LCT) was to develop large toroidal superconducting magnets for fusion reactors. Each of the six coils built for this task was heavily instrumented with some 200 to 400 sensors and diagnostic voltage taps to test its performance and characteristics. In addition, more than a thousand sensors were installed in the facility and test-stand components to ensure safe and controlled operation. Through the three-year test period, some sensors worked consistently, some failed prematurely, some constantly gave useful information, some were rarely used, and others were vital in a particular test mode. This paper reviews the various type of thermometers, pressure transducers, flowmeters, strain gages, displacement transducers, acoustic emission sensors, field probes, and other diagnostic instrumentation used in LCT. The usefulness of the sensors, the difficulties with some of them, and the reliability of different groups of sensors in this task are described.

Lue, J.W.; Ellis, J.F.; Fietz, W.A.; Lubell, M.S.; Luton, J.N.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Wilson, C.T.; Wintenberg, R.E.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Geochemical characteristics and formation process of natural gas in Kela 2 gas field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of a large amount of natural gas components and the carbon isotope as well ... as some other analysis data in Kela 2 gas field, the geochemical characteristics, source, origin, and formation process ...

Mengjun Zhao; Shuangfang Lu; Tingdong Wang; Jian Li

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Factors Affecting Carbohydrate Production and the Formation of Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) by Diatoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diatoms exude large amounts of exopolymers (EPS), which are predominantly composed of carbohydrates. EPS may coagulate into transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Sticky TEP affects the formation of aggregates and marine snow, and consequently...

Chen, Jie

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

208

Methane and the greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas from shale formations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We evaluate the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas obtained by high-volume hydraulic fracturing from shale formations, focusing on methane emissions. Natural gas is composed largely of methane, and 3 ... to ...

Robert W. Howarth; Renee Santoro; Anthony Ingraffea

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Experimental study of shear and compaction band formation in berea sandstone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

changes in the AE rate, and are consistent with the formation of compacting shear bands at higher mean stress. Predictions of changes in band orientation with mean stress are largely consistent with observed trends, but deviate from the observed...

Herrin, Elizabeth Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Yearly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2009, a new activity was launched under the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement (IEA Wind) for the small wind sector. The main focus of this activity, called Task 27, is to develop recommended practices for consumer labeling of existing commercial small wind turbines. Participants will also exchange information about the status of the small wind industry in the member countries. This report outlines the status of the small wind sector in 2009 in the countries participating in Task 27. (For more information about IEA Wind and the consumer label developed under Task 27, see www.ieawind.org.)

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 10 White Female (W F) 2 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

212

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 5 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 9 White Female 1 Workforce Diversity Office of the Administrator (NA-1) As of...

213

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 2 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 13 Hispanic Female 17 White Male 37 White Female 17 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Sandia Site Office As of...

214

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 6 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 25 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY...

215

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 2 2 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 6 6 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 6 6 0.00% White Male (W,M) 53 50 -5.66% White Female (W,F) 19 13 -31.58% Change DIVERSITY...

216

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 39 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 5 Hispanic Male 20 Hispanic Female 50 White Male 57 White Female 84 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

217

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 43 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 21 Hispanic Female 47 White Male 61 White Female 92 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

218

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 4 White Female (W F) 5 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

219

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 25 Hispanic Male (H M) 202 Hispanic Female (H F) 177 White Male (W M) 1244 White Female (W F) 453 Total includes 2425 permanent and 21 temporary...

220

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 1 Hispanic Male (H, M) 5 Hispanic Female (H, F) 6 White Male (W, M) 75 White Female (W, F) 32 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production Office...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 19 Asian Male 9 Asian Female 5 Hispanic Male 18 Hispanic Female 12 White Male 101 White Female 49 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Immediate Office of the Deputy...

222

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 5 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 30 White Female (W F) 3 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

223

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 3 Hispanic Male (H M) 15 Hispanic Female (H F) 33 White Male (W M) 44 White Female (W F) 68 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

224

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 0 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 12 12 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 12 11 -8.33% White Male (W,M) 34 34 0.00% White Female (W,F) 17 16 -5.88% Change DIVERSITY Change...

225

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 5 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 26 White Female (W F) 16 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Livermore Field...

226

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 1 Asian Male 9 Asian Female 2 Hispanic Male 75 Hispanic Female 21 White Male 400 White Female 19 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Assistant Deputy Administrator...

227

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

3 2 -33.33% Hispanic Male (H,M) 5 5 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 4 4 0.00% White Male (W,M) 29 26 -10.34% White Female (W,F) 19 16 -15.79% Change DIVERSITY...

228

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 4 Hispanic Female (H F) 7 White Male (W M) 13 White Female (W F) 11 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Office of General...

229

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 1 1 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 5 5 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 6 6 0.00% White Male (W,M) 85 71 -16.47% White Female (W,F) 33 30 -9.09% Change DIVERSITY...

230

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 1 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 4 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 29 White Female 3 Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Safety & Health...

231

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 74 Hispanic Female (H, F) 22 White Male (W, M) 393 White Female (W, F) 19 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

232

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 4 Asian Male 22 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 4 White Male 30 White Female 19 Workforce Diversity Livermore Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

233

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 7 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 23 Hispanic Female 24 White Male 36 White Female 35 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

234

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 12 Hispanic Female (H, F) 11 White Male (W, M) 34 White Female (W, F) 16 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Sandia...

235

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Hispanic Male (H,M) 217 207 -4.61% Hispanic Female (H,F) 196 182 -7.14% White Male (W,M) 1318 1271 -3.57% White Female (W,F) 511 463 -9.39% Total includes...

236

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 158 Asian Male 79 Asian Female 29 Hispanic Male 220 Hispanic Female 202 White Male 1340 White Female 519 Workforce Diversity National Nuclear Security...

237

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 13 White Female (W F) 5 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Savannah River...

238

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 76 Hispanic Female (H F) 21 White Male (W M) 401 White Female (W F) 20 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Assistant Deputy...

239

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 3 Hispanic Female (H F) 5 White Male (W M) 43 White Female (W F) 10 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

240

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 12 Hispanic Female (H F) 12 White Male (W M) 34 White Female (W F) 16 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Sandia Field...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 1 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 29 White Female 5 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

242

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 14 White Female 8 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Savannah River Site Office...

243

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 25 Hispanic Female (H F) 25 White Male (W M) 61 White Female (W F) 41 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

244

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 2 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 154 White Female (W F) 71 * Total numbers are combined. NA-30 total numbers...

245

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 2 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 10 White Female (W F) 3 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

246

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 1 Hispanic Female (H, F) 0 White Male (W, M) 25 White Female (W, F) 6 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Kansas City Field Office...

247

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 7 Hispanic Male (H M) 7 Hispanic Female (H F) 10 White Male (W M) 82 White Female (W F) 60 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Deputy...

248

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 5 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of...

249

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 2 Hispanic Male (H M) 12 Hispanic Female (H F) 7 White Male (W M) 66 White Female (W F) 22 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Deputy...

250

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 44 White Female 13 Workforce Diversity Pantex Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

251

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 8 White Female 3 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN...

252

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 5 Hispanic Female (H, F) 4 White Male (W, M) 25 White Female (W, F) 17 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

253

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 2 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 76 75 -1.32% Hispanic Female (H,F) 22 21 -4.55% White Male (W,M) 389 400 2.83% White Female (W,F) 21 19 -9.52% Change DIVERSITY...

254

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 2 Hispanic Male (H, M) 6 Hispanic Female (H, F) 6 White Male (W, M) 51 White Female (W, F) 14 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Nevada...

255

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 11 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 3 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 50 White Female 11 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator...

256

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 6 Hispanic Female (H F) 14 White Male (W M) 39 White Female (W F) 21 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate...

257

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 4 Asian Male 2 Asian Female 3 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 52 White Female 20 Workforce Diversity Nevada Site Office As of March 24, 2012...

258

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 9 White Male 13 White Female 10 Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel (NA-GC) As of...

259

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

American Female 6 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 28 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

260

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI, F) 0 Hispanic Male (H, M) 0 Hispanic Female (H, F) 0 White Male (W, M) 15 White Female (W, F) 7 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Savannah River Field...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 8 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 76 White Female 22 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Deputy Administrator for Naval...

262

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 5 Asian Male 3 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 1 White Male 46 White Female 22 Workforce Diversity Y-12 Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY...

263

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 0 White Male (W M) 24 White Female (W F) 6 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Kansas City Field Office As...

264

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 4 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 28 White Female 6 Workforce Diversity Kansas City Site Office As of March 24,...

265

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

African American Female 8 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 11 White Female 5 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for...

266

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 0 Hispanic Male (H M) 0 Hispanic Female (H F) 3 White Male (W M) 7 White Female (W F) 1 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER National...

267

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(AAPI,F) 0 0 0.00% Hispanic Male (H,M) 1 1 0.00% Hispanic Female (H,F) 0 0 0.00% White Male (W,M) 27 25 -7.41% White Female (W,F) 6 6 0.00% Change DIVERSITY Change...

268

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 4 Hispanic Male (H M) 3 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 26 White Female (W F) 18 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Associate Administrator for...

269

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Pacific Islander Female (AAPI F) 1 Hispanic Male (H M) 6 Hispanic Female (H F) 6 White Male (W M) 68 White Female (W F) 30 DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production...

270

Theoretical Tools for Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the main theoretical aspects of the structure formation paradigm which impinge upon wide angle surveys: the early universe generation of gravitational metric fluctuations from quantum noise in scalar inflaton fields; the well understood and computed linear regime of CMB anisotropy and large scale structure (LSS) generation; the weakly nonlinear regime, where higher order perturbation theory works well, and where the cosmic web picture operates, describing an interconnected LSS of clusters bridged by filaments, with membranes as the intrafilament webbing. Current CMB+LSS data favour the simplest inflation-based $\\Lambda$CDM models, with a primordial spectral index within about 5% of scale invariant and $\\Omega_\\Lambda \\approx 2/3$, similar to that inferred from SNIa observations, and with open CDM models strongly disfavoured. The attack on the nonlinear regime with a variety of N-body and gas codes is described, as are the excursion set and peak-patch semianalytic approaches to object collapse. The ingredients are mixed together in an illustrative gasdynamical simulation of dense supercluster formation.

J. R. Bond; L. Kofman; D. Pogosyan; J. Wadsley

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

271

3.2 FACULTY RESUMES/CURRICULUM VITAE FORMAT The following Curriculum Vitae Outline is used in connection with requests for promotion or tenure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.2 FACULTY RESUMES/CURRICULUM VITAE FORMAT The following Curriculum Vitae Outline is used Affairs office should contain a resume (in any format) that is no older than five years. Date: 1. Personal

272

Venice data > year = 1931:1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:3,] year r1 1 1931 103 2 1932 78 3 1933 121 > attach(venice) ## > plot(year,r1) > lm(r1 ~ year) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ year) #12;Coefficients: (Intercept) year -989.382 0.567 > lm(r1 ~ year - mean(year)) ## Error differ (found for 'mean(year)') ### > lm(r1 ~ I(year - mean(year))) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ I(year - mean

Reid, Nancy

273

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene,10,12,16,18,26 The reported values for SW defect formation energies both in carbon nanotubes and graphene8 energies depend largely on the nanotube radius, the orientation of the dislocation dipole, and, to a lesser

Daw, Murray S.

274

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider: Computational Breakthrough  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home » News & Publications » News » Science News » Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Computational breakthrough hastens modeling of 'tabletop accelerators' August 9, 2010 | Tags: Accelerator Science Contact: Margie Wylie | mwylie@lbl.gov | 510-486-7421 mori1 This 3D simulation shows how laser pulses create plasma wakes that propel electrons forward, much as a surfer is propelled forward by an ocean wave. Laser wakefield acceleration promises electron accelerators that are thousands of times more powerful than, yet a fraction the size of, conventional radio frequency devices. Particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are the big rock stars of high-energy physics-really big. The LHC cost nearly

276

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004b.htm06/07/2004 12:57:08 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_004d.htm06/07/2004 12:57:19 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

277

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008b.htm06/07/2004 12:51:21 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_008d.htm06/07/2004 12:51:31 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

278

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010b.htm06/07/2004 10:57:23 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010c.htm06 http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_010d.htm06/07/2004 12:40:15 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5

279

KINETIC CONDENSATION AND EVAPORATION OF METALLIC IRON AND IMPLICATIONS FOR METALLIC IRON DUST FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallic iron is one of the most abundant condensing materials in systems of solar abundance. Because metallic iron is responsible for the continuum opacity of dust particles, it has a large contribution to the thermal structure of circumstellar environments and hence to dust evolution itself. In order to understand the formation processes of metallic iron in circumstellar environments, condensation and evaporation kinetics of metallic iron were studied experimentally. Metallic iron condenses at the maximum rate with the condensation coefficient (a parameter ranging from 0 to 1 to represent kinetic hindrance for surface reaction) of unity under high supersaturation conditions, and evaporates nearly ideally (evaporation coefficient of unity) in vacuum. On the other hand, evaporation of metallic iron takes place with more kinetic hindrance in the presence of metallic iron vapor. It is also found that metallic iron atoms nucleate heterogeneously on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Metallic iron does not necessarily condense homogeneously in circumstellar environments, but might condense through heterogeneous nucleation on pre-existing dust. Metallic iron formation proceeds with little kinetic hindrance for highly unequilibrated conditions, but the effects of kinetic hindrance may appear for evaporation and condensation occurring near equilibrium with a timescale of months to years in protoplanetary disks.

Tachibana, Shogo; Nagahara, Hiroko; Ozawa, Kazuhito; Ikeda, Youhei; Nomura, Ryuichi; Tatsumi, Keisuke; Joh, Yui, E-mail: tachi@eps.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

A study of the factors influencing forty years' operations on a large Texas cattle ranch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY' OF TH'. FACiQIS INFLUENCZNQ FORT% YFANS~ Ol'KRrTICWS Oh W LllO' %448 k Swale August 19&V ip~ioral as to et@la sad sontsue roeoescedodi ~No of Dapartoont of kgrisultural Fsoesaias AC SosiologF 4 8RQOT Ot TSK W~~ 1?ZQJXHCIIIO ZOIC 'X...J ptofoseor of 4p4?altllrai 'oetoaieey esd llry L. C Magee~ Eooaeaist ia yeas gsesg~t. iD three of the sea sessd are adhere ef the staff of the Dopartssat of lgr1?elterel koeaeaioe ead goeieisgyy kgriaeltaral ead Neshasieel Qolloge of f eases College O'L?1...

Matthews, Joseph Luther

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities & Reserves http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0067.htm06/07/2004 13 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_006b.htm06/07/2004 13:04:46 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Assets 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Assets Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18

282

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities Income Breakdown Expenditure Breakdown http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18 Charts Income Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_005b.htm06/07/2004 13:00:29 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - zoom 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_005c.htm06

283

5 Year Financial Profile -Charts 5 Year Financial Profile Charts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Income Expenditure Assets Liabilities & Reserves http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_0079.htm06/07/2004 13 Profile Charts Expenditure Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18_007b.htm06/07/2004 13:05:59 #12;5 Year Financial Profile - Charts - Assets 5 Year Financial Profile Charts Assets Back http://www.fin.mmu.ac.uk/f18

284

Treating tar sands formations with karsted zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may have one or more karsted zones. Methods may include providing heat from one or more heaters to one or more karsted zones of the tar sands formation to mobilize fluids in the formation. At least some of the mobilized fluids may be produced from the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

285

Formation and Stability of Impurity "snakes" in Tokamak Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New observations of the formation and dynamics of long-lived impurity-induced helical "snake" modes in tokamak plasmas have recently been carried-out on Alcator C-Mod. The snakes form as an asymmetry in the impurity ion density that undergoes a seamless transition from a small helically displaced density to a large crescent-shaped helical structure inside q < 1, with a regularly sawtoothing core. The observations show that the conditions for the formation and persistence of a snake cannot be explained by plasma pressure alone. Instead, many features arise naturally from nonlinear interactions in a 3D MHD model that separately evolves the plasma density and temperature

L. Delgado-Aparicio, et. al.

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

Mixing device for materials with large density differences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An auger-tube pump mixing device for mixing materials with large density differences while maintaining low stirring RPM and low power consumption. The mixing device minimizes the formation of vortexes and minimizes the incorporation of small bubbles in the liquid during mixing. By avoiding the creation of a vortex the device provides efficient stirring of full containers without spillage over the edge. Also, the device solves the problem of effective mixing in vessels where the liquid height is large compared to the diameter. Because of the gentle stirring or mixing by the device, it has application for biomedical uses where cell damage is to be avoided.

Gregg, David W. (Moraga, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Mixing device for materials with large density differences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An auger-tube pump mixing device is disclosed for mixing materials with large density differences while maintaining low stirring RPM and low power consumption. The mixing device minimizes the formation of vortexes and minimizes the incorporation of small bubbles in the liquid during mixing. By avoiding the creation of a vortex the device provides efficient stirring of full containers without spillage over the edge. Also, the device solves the problem of effective mixing in vessels where the liquid height is large compared to the diameter. Because of the gentle stirring or mixing by the device, it has application for biomedical uses where cell damage is to be avoided. 2 figs.

Gregg, D.W.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

288

WIPP_Marks_12_Years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marks 12 Years of Operations CARLSBAD, N.M., March 28, 2011 - On Saturday, March 26, 2011, the Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant marked another anniversary. It has...

289

Accountability report - fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the US NRC`s accountability report for fiscal year 1997. Topics include uses of funds, financial condition, program performance, management accountability, and the audited financial statement.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Myths of the Year 2000  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......system monitoring nuclear waste storage recommended the release of radioactive waste several years too early...and 2000. If there is long-term disruption at the end of...few days and building new storage tanks will take time......

M. Thomas

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

NIST 3-Year Programmatic Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas critical to the nation's economy.The America COMPETES Act outlines major roles for NIST-year period.NIST will continue to refine this plan as it works with the Administration to address national

292

World Year of Physics 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World of Physics graphic Symposia page link Special Events page link Lectures page link Education page link The World Year of Physics is a worldwide celebration of physics and its importance in our everyday lives. Physics not only plays an important role in the development of science and technology but also has a tremendous impact on our society. WYP aims to raise the worldwide awareness of physics and physical science. The United Nations has declared 2005 to be the International Year of Physics. This declaration coincides with the 100th anniversary of physicist

293

Kinetics of Elementary Processes Relevant to Incipient Soot Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soot formation and abatement processes are some of the most important and challenging problems in hydrocarbon combustion. The key reactions involved in the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH�s), the precursors to soot, remain elusive. Small aromatic species such as C5H5, C6H6 and their derivatives are believed to play a pivotal role in incipient soot formation. The goal of this project is to establish a kinetic database for elementary reactions relevant to soot formation in its incipient stages. In the past year, we have completed by CRDS the kinetics for the formation and decomposition of C6H5C2H2O2 in the C6H5C2H2 +O2 reaction and the formation of C10H7O2 in the C10H7 + O2 reaction by directly monitoring C6H5C2H2O2 and C10H7O2 radicals in the visible region; their mechanisms have been elucidated computationally by quantum-chemical calculations. The O + C2H5OH reaction has been studied experimentally and computationally and the OH + HNCN reaction has been investigated by ab initio molecular orbital calculation. In addition, a new pulsed slit molecular beam system has been constructed and tested for spectroscopic studies of aromatic radicals and their derivatives by the cavity ringdown technique (CRDS).

M. C. Lin; M. C. Heaven

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

RESIDUA UPGRADING EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT MODELS: COKE FORMATION PREDICTABILITY MAPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dispersed particle solution model of petroleum residua structure was used to develop predictors for pyrolytic coke formation. Coking Indexes were developed in prior years that measure how near a pyrolysis system is to coke formation during the coke formation induction period. These have been demonstrated to be universally applicable for residua regardless of the source of the material. Coking onset is coincidental with the destruction of the ordered structure and the formation of a multiphase system. The amount of coke initially formed appears to be a function of the free solvent volume of the original residua. In the current work, three-dimensional coke make predictability maps were developed at 400 C, 450 C, and 500 C (752 F, 842 F, and 932 F). These relate residence time and free solvent volume to the amount of coke formed at a particular pyrolysis temperature. Activation energies for two apparent types of zero-order coke formation reactions were estimated. The results provide a new tool for ranking residua, gauging proximity to coke formation, and predicting initial coke make tendencies.

John F. Schabron; A. Troy Pauli; Joseph F. Rovani Jr.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Semarkona: Lessons for chondrule and chondrite formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the evidence presented by the LL3.0 chondrite Semarkona, including its chondrule fraction, chondrule size distribution and matrix thermal history. We show that no more than a modest fraction of the ambient matrix material in the Solar Nebula could have been melted into chondrules; and that much of the unprocessed matrix material must have been filtered out at some stage of Semarkona's parent body formation process. We conclude that agglomerations of many chondrules must have formed in the Solar Nebula, which implies that chondrules and matrix grains had quite different collisional sticking parameters. Further, we note that the absence of large melted objects in Semarkona means that chondrules must have exited the melting zone rapidly, before the chondrule agglomerations could form. The simplest explanation for this rapid exit is that chondrule melting occurred in surface layers of the disk. The newly formed, compact, chondrules then settled out of those layers on short time scales.

Hubbard, Alexander

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

"Sabiha Gök?cen's 80-year-old secret" : Kemalist nation formation and the Ottoman Armenians  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24 ?ubat 2004. Pulur, Hasan. ?Sabiha Gökçenin Ermenili?igokcenin-ermeniligi-nereden-mi-cikti-/hasan- pulur/yasam/Westview Press, 1996). Kayal?, Hasan. ?The Struggle for

Ulgen, Fatma

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Preliminary Simulations of CO2 Transport in the Dolostone Formations in the Ordos Basin, China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes preliminary 2-D reactive-transport simulations on the injection, storage and transport of supercritical CO{sub 2} in dolostone formations in the Ordos Basin in China. The purpose of the simulations was to evaluate the role that basin heterogeneity, permeability, CO{sub 2} flux, and geochemical reactions between the carbonate geology and the CO{sub 2} equilibrated brines have on the evolution of porosity and permeability in the storage reservoir. The 2-D simulation of CO{sub 2} injection at 10{sup 3} ton/year corresponds to CO{sub 2} injection at a rate of 3 x 10{sup 5} ton/year in a 3-D, low permeable rock. An average permeability of 10 md was used in the simulation and reflects the upper range of permeability reported for the Ordos Basin Majiagou Group. Transport and distribution of CO{sub 2} between in the gas, aqueous, and solid phases were followed during a 10-year injection phase and a 10-year post injection phase. Our results show that CO{sub 2} flux and the spatial distribution of reservoir permeability will dictate the transport of CO{sub 2} in the injection and post injection phases. The injection rate of supercritical CO{sub 2} into low permeable reservoirs may need to be adjusted to avoid over pressure and mechanical damage to the reservoir. Although it should be noted that 3-D simulations are needed to more accurately model pressure build-up in the injection phase. There is negligible change in porosity and permeability due to carbonate mineral dissolution or anhydrite precipitation because a very small amount of carbonate dissolution is required to reach equilibrium with respect these phases. Injected CO{sub 2} is stored largely in supercritical and dissolved phases. During the injection phase, CO{sub 2} is transport driven by pressure build up and CO{sub 2} buoyancy.

Hao, Y; Wolery, T; Carroll, S

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

Large Sheet Process Consolidation Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this project is to reduce labor costs through the consolidation of large sheet processes into the Beta and Alpha manufacturing plants. The consolidation of equipment and departments will allow for the reduction of indirect labor...

Johnson, Keith

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

299

Extra-Large Memory Nodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

need. Interactive Jobs with X-windows Forwarding To use large analytical tools such as Matlab, you can request an interactive job with X-windows forwarding enabled. Running the...

300

National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Incentives: 50% of engineering studies and total costs until project reaches a 1.5 year simple payback. Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Schools and New Buildings Custom Incentives: 75% of additional cost for efficiency upgrades AC/Heat Pumps: $30 - $125/ton

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Final Report: Mechanisms of sputter ripple formation: coupling among energetic ions, surface kinetics, stress and composition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-organized pattern formation enables the creation of nanoscale surface structures over large areas based on fundamental physical processes rather than an applied template. Low energy ion bombardment is one such method that induces the spontaneous formation of a wide variety of interesting morphological features (e.g., sputter ripples and/or quantum dots). This program focused on the processes controlling sputter ripple formation and the kinetics controlling the evolution of surfaces and nanostructures in high flux environments. This was done by using systematic, quantitative experiments to measure ripple formation under a variety of processing conditions coupled with modeling to interpret the results.

Chason, Eric; Shenoy, Vivek

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Next Five Years: an Essay in Political Agreement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... LAST year two manifestos appeared in the Press under the title “Liberty and Democratic Leadership”. They represented in effect the expression of large schools of thought ... their determination to solve present-day problems by methods of persuasion and without curtailment of liberty. Not content with mere manifestos of good intentions, a number of the signatories have ...

DAVIES

1935-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

303

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

304

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

305

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

306

Large-Eddy Simulation of Pulverized Coal Jet Flame -Effect of Oxygen Concentration on NOx formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than those by using other fossil fuels [1]. It is therefore important to develop clean coal technology for pulverized coal fired power plants, in order to control such emissions and to reduce the environmental impact. Regarding the reduction...

Muto, Masaya; Watanabe, Hiroaki; Kurose, Ryoichi; Komori, Satoru; Balusamy, Saravanan; Hochgreb, Simone

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500Wh/L  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

308

Development of a large format direct detection device for three dimensional transmission electron microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F. Duttweiler, J.C. Bouwer, S.T. Peltier, M.H. Ellisman, andDuttweiler, J.C. Bouwer, S.T. Peltier, M. Ellisman, and N.H.Duttweiler, J.C. Bouwer, S.T. Peltier, A.C. Milazzo, and M.

Milazzo, Anna-Clare

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

3D Thermal and Electrochemical Model for Spirally Wound Large Format Lithium-ion Batteries (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In many commercial cells, long tabs at both cell sides, leading to uniform potentials along the spiral direction of wound jelly rolls, are rarely seen because of their high manufacturing cost. More often, several metal strips are welded at discrete locations along both current collector foils. With this design, the difference of electrical potentials is easily built up along current collectors in the spiral direction. Hence, the design features of the tabs, such as number, location and size, can be crucial factors for spiral-shaped battery cells. This paper presents a Li-ion battery cell model having a 3-dimensional spiral mesh involving a wound jellyroll structure. Further results and analysis will be given regarding impacts of tab location, number, and size.

Lee, K. J.; Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

311

Modeling of Nonuniform Degradation in Large-Format Li-ion Batteries (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shows results of an empirical model capturing effects of both storage and cycling and developed the lithium ion nickel cobalt aluminum advanced battery chemistry.

Smith, K.; Kim, G. H.; Pesaran, A.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Organizing Large Scale Hacking Competitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer security competitions and challenges are a way to foster innovation and educate students in a highly-motivating setting. In recent years, a number of different security competitions and challenges wer...

Nicholas Childers; Bryce Boe…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

HYPERTEXT – Moving Towards Large Volumes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......more than 20 years as a loosely- organised cooperative the Xanadu project is now a commercial project, being developed by Autodesk Inc. 2. HYPERTEXT RESEARCH PROJECTS A number of research projects have significantly ad- vanced the technology of hypertext......

I. Ritchie

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

LNG to the year 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By 2000, about 190 MM metric-tpy of LNG will be moving in world trade, with Asia-Pacific as the dominant producer By the year 2000, approximately 190 million metric tons per year of LNG will be moving in worldwide trade. Production of LNG will be spread throughout most of the world, with Asia-Pacific as the dominant producer. LNG will be delivered only to the heavily industrialized areas of North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The success of any LNG project will be dependent on its individual economics, market needs, financial planning, and governmental permit processes. We hope industry will be able to put together the LNG projects required to meet the quanitities of production forecast here for the year 2000.

Davenport, S.T.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Environmental monitoring report for calendar year 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the environmental monitoring program for CY85 for the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) are presented and discussed. All of the tokamak machines, the Princeton Large Torus (PLT), Princeton Beta Experiment (PBX), and the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR), has a full year of run time. In addition, the S-1 Spheromak and the RF Test Facility were in operation. The phased approach to TFTR environmental monitoring continued with the establishment of locations for off-site monitoring. An environmental committee established in December 1984 reviewed items of environmental importance. During CY85 no adverse effects to the environmental resulted from any operational program activities at PPPL, and the Laboratory was in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local environmental regulations.

Stencel, J.R.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Title Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2004 Authors Liu, Gao, John B. Kerr, and Stephen G. Johnson Journal Synthetic Metals Volume 144 Pagination 1-6 Keywords dark spot, failure mechanism, interface, ito surface, oled Abstract The failure behaviors of ITO/PEDOT;PSS/polyfluorene/Al devices are different depending on the surface roughness of the sputtered ITO anode film. The spikes on ITO surface are responsible for the initial local shorts of the device, which develop into dark spots very quickly. Indium adsorption is observed on the polymer and Al cathode interface. A chemical etching procedure is used to smoothen the ITO surface without changing the ITO thickness and the sheet resistance. Devices made out of smooth ITO show minimum changes at polymer-cathode interface during operation.

317

Caustic formation in expanding condensates of cold atoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the evolution of density in an expanding Bose-Einstein condensate that initially has a spatially varying phase, concentrating on behavior when these phase variations are large. In this regime large density fluctuations develop during expansion. Maxima have a characteristic density that diverges with the amplitude of phase variations and their formation is analogous to that of caustics in geometrical optics. We analyze in detail caustic formation in a quasi-one-dimensional condensate, which before expansion is subject to a periodic or random optical potential, and we discuss the equivalent problem for a quasi-two-dimensional system. We also examine the influence of many-body correlations in the initial state on caustic formation for a Bose gas expanding from a strictly one-dimensional trap. In addition, we study a similar arrangement for noninteracting fermions, showing that Fermi surface discontinuities in the momentum distribution give rise in that case to sharp peaks in the spatial derivative of the density. We discuss recent experiments and argue that fringes reported in time of flight images [Chen et al., Phys. Rev. A 77, 033632 (2008)] are an example of caustic formation.

Chalker, J. T. [Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Shapiro, B. [Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Constructing Hydraulic Barriers in Deep Geologic Formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many construction methods have been developed to create hydraulic barriers to depths of 30 to 50 meters, but few have been proposed for depths on the order of 500 meters. For these deep hydraulic barriers, most methods are potentially feasible for soil but not for hard rock. In the course of researching methods of isolating large subterranean blocks of oil shale, the authors have developed a wax thermal permeation method for constructing hydraulic barriers in rock to depths of over 500 meters in competent or even fractured rock as well as soil. The technology is similar to freeze wall methods, but produces a permanent barrier; and is potentially applicable in both dry and water saturated formations. Like freeze wall barriers, the wax thermal permeation method utilizes a large number of vertical or horizontal boreholes around the perimeter to be contained. However, instead of cooling the boreholes, they are heated. After heating these boreholes, a specially formulated molten wax based grout is pumped into the boreholes where it seals fractures and also permeates radially outward to form a series of columns of wax-impregnated rock. Rows of overlapping columns can then form a durable hydraulic barrier. These barriers can also be angled above a geologic repository to help prevent influx of water due to atypical rainfall events. Applications of the technique to constructing containment structures around existing shallow waste burial sites and water shutoff for mining are also described. (authors)

Carter, E.E.; Carter, P.E. [Technologies Co, Texas (United States); Cooper, D.C. [Ph.D. Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The year that never was  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of technology for bending the inclinations of their people to that simple goal, that personal liberty would cease to be, remains a nightmare ? one, nevertheless, that will not ... consistently more enlightened now than, say, a year ago, or that the suppression of liberty has by magic been banished from the face of the Earth. On the contrary, ...

1984-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

320

Telecommunications: Comsat Lives Another Year  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... position which it occupies at the centre of the growing web of activity in international telecommunications by satellite. To be sure, the report does say that "the year just ... of the task force set by President Johnson to study the future pattern of domestic telecommunications, but it is hard to see how any government would be able to deny ...

1969-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

STUDENT AFFAIRS YEAR 1 ORIENTATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT AFFAIRS YEAR 1 ORIENTATION Student Affairs Team #12;Objectives: ·Introductions ·Services Offered ·Policies ·Student Disability Services #12;Student Affairs Team: · Assistant Dean of Student/Events Guru: Allison Gherardini · Student Organizations: Tracey Eady · Glue: Benita Patrick, Jean Mc

Finley Jr., Russell L.

322

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, E.C.; Fuhrman, P.W.

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, Elizabeth Chilcote

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test May 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, one of seven members of the U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program, has begun collecting core samples from a new characterization well near Spectra Energy's Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant in British Columbia, Canada. Core sampling, along with a sophisticated well logging program that the partnership is conducting, is an important step in proving the viability of carbon storage in brine-saturated formations. The Fort Nelson project is on track to become one of the first

325

DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test May 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, one of seven members of the U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program, has begun collecting core samples from a new characterization well near Spectra Energy's Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant in British Columbia, Canada. Core sampling, along with a sophisticated well logging program that the partnership is conducting, is an important step in proving the viability of carbon storage in brine-saturated formations. The Fort Nelson project is on track to become one of the first

326

Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All Model Years Model Year  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

or 17 Years ... 15.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 3.0 3.8 2.8 1.2 0.9 0.9 15.5 Households Without Children ... 92.2 4.2 5.9 6.5 21.8 21.8 14.2 5.9 5.5 6.4 5.5...

327

A Standard format for Les Houches event files  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A standard file format is proposed to store process and event information, primarily output from parton-level event generators for further use by general-purpose ones. The information content is identical with what was already defined by the Les Houches Accord five years ago, but then in terms of Fortran commonblocks. This information is embedded in a minimal XML-style structure, for clarity and to simplify parsing.

Alwall, J.; Ballestrero, A.; Bartalini, P.; Belov, S.; Boos, E.; Buckley, A.; Butterworth, J.M.; Dudko, L.; Frixione, S.; Garren, L.; Gieseke, S.; Gusev, A.; Hinchliffe,I.; Huston, J.; Kersevan, B.; Krauss, F.; Lavesson, N.; Lonnblad, L.; Maina, E.; Maltoni, F.; Mangano, M.L.; /Louvain U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Karlsruhe U., TP /Democritos Nucl. Res.Ctr. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /Cracow, INP /Dubna, JINR /SINP, Moscow /Serpukhov, IHEP /Ljubljana U. /Lund U. /CERN /Zurich, ETH /Cambridge U. /Durham U., IPPP/University Coll. London /Manchester U. /Fermilab /LBL, Berkeley; ,

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Excavation Damaged Zones In Rock Salt Formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Salt formations have long been proposed as potential host rocks for nuclear waste disposal. After the operational phase of a repository the openings, e.g., boreholes, galleries, and chambers, have to be sealed in order to avoid the release of radionuclides into the biosphere. For optimising the sealing techniques knowledge about the excavation damaged zones (EDZ) around these openings is essential. In the frame of a project performed between 2004 and 2007, investigations of the EDZ evolution were performed in the Stassfurt halite of the Asse salt mine in northern Germany. Three test locations were prepared in the floor of an almost 20 year old gallery on the 800-m level of the Asse mine: (1) the drift floor as existing, (2) the new drift floor shortly after removing of a layer of about 1 m thickness of the floor with a continuous miner, (3) the new drift floor 2 years after cutting off the 1-m layer. Subject of investigation were the diffusive and advective gas transport and the advective brine transport very close to the opening. Spreading of the brine was tracked by geo-electric monitoring in order to gain information about permeability anisotropy. Results obtained showed that EDZ cut-off is a useful method to improve sealing effectiveness when constructing technical barriers. (authors)

Jockwer, N.; Wieczorek, K. [Gesellschaft fur Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Braunschweig (Germany)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Method to inhibit deposit formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for inhibiting deposit formation on the contact surfaces of structures confining heated hydrocarbon fluid which exhibits substantial fouling. The process consists of introducing into the hydrocarbon fluid at least an inhibiting amount of thiophene-containing polycondensed aromatic/naphthenic compounds of number average molecular weight (M-bar n) from 200 to 1,000.

Dickakian, G.B.

1986-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

330

Plasma Rotation during Spheromak Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We observe Doppler shifts of a CIII impurity line in a spheromak plasma showing toroidal rotation during the formation phase of the spheromak configuration but not during the equilibrium or decay phase. The evolution of the velocity fields is consistent with the estimated rate of cross-helicity decay given the viscosity and resistivity of the plasma.

T. Peyser and G. C. Goldenbaum

1988-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

331

Cloud Formation, Evolution and Destruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 4 Cloud Formation, Evolution and Destruction We now begin to trace the journey towards a star. How long does this take? The answer is surprisingly short: a good many clouds already contain new stars and these stars tend to be young. The typical cloud cannot spend long, if any time at all

Estalella, Robert

332

Method of protecting a permeable formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a method of drilling a well bore through subsurface formations including a permeable formation. It comprises: drilling a well bore through the permeable formation to at least the lower boundary thereof; filling the bore in the permeable formation with liquid composition capable of gelling, the liquid composition containing a gel breaker; allowing the gel to mature; drilling through the gel so as to open the well bore in the permeable formation, some of the gel remaining to plug the permeable formation in the well bore; installing a casing in the well bore in the permeable formation; and allowing the remaining gel to revert to a liquid.

Falk, D.O.

1990-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

333

Method of fracturing a geological formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method of fracturing a geological formation surrounding a well bore is disclosed. A relatively small explosive charge is emplaced in a well bore and the bore is subsequently hydraulically pressurized to a pressure less than the formation breakdown pressure and preferably greater than the fracture propagation pressure of the formation. The charge is denoted while the bore is so pressurized, resulting in the formation of multiple fractures in the surrounding formation with little or no accompanying formation damage. Subsequent hydraulic pressurization can be used to propagate and extend the fractures in a conventional manner. The method is useful for stimulating production of oil, gas and possibly water from suitable geologic formations.

Johnson, James O. (2679-B Walnut, Los Alamos, NM 87544)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Eschar Formation from Testosterone Patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 1. A 78-year-old man presented for his yearly skin exam and was noted to have an oval-shaped, green-black eschar on his midback. A pink, atrophic scar was located nearby, in addition to a medicated patch of similar size.

Orme C.; Imaeda S.

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

335

Investigation of transition to turbulence at low Reynolds numbers using Implicit Large Eddy Simulations with a Discontinuous Galerkin method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present work predicts the formation of laminar separation bubbles at low Reynolds numbers and the related transition to turbulence. In addition to being one of the first Implicit Large Eddy Simulation studies using a ...

Uranga Cabrera, Alejandra (Uranga)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Minturn Formation of Eagle basin: an exploration frontier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Eagle basin, a predominantly Desmoinesian evaporite basin in northwestern Colorado, contains many targets for oil and gas reserves. Facies patterns of the Minturn Formation of the Eagle basin are strikingly similar to those of the prolific Paradox Formation of the Paradox basin. Both basins and formations also contain lens-shaped carbonate algal-bioherms. These algal-bioherms are particularly attractive reservoirs where they flank halite-basin margins, the areas of optimum dolomitization. The Minturn formation has been subdivided into individual rock packages using subsurface control. Facies maps constructed for individual units indicate the Eagle basin is a series of smaller basins, each having served as a center for halite deposition. Data support a deep-water model for the deposition of halite; however, a sabkhalike environment existed between the halite basins and the normal marine facies. Halite depocenters appear to have been structurally controlled. The Minturn Formation is very thick and may contain multiple prospective zones at any one location. Within the past year, two and possibly three Minturn discoveries have been made in northwestern Colorado.

Dodge, C.J.N.; Bartleson, B.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Splitting and Confirming Large File  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Splitting and Confirming Large File Splitting and Confirming Large File Name: Bradley C. Status: Student Age: 16 Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: June 2003 Question: I just calculated one billion digits of pi on my PC, how do I confirm them? I cannot access them because the file size is 1.28 GB, my ram is only 512 MB, meaning none of my word processor's will touch it. Is it possible to split the document, somehow? Then how do I confirm the digits? Replies: Checking the correctness of large numbers -- transcendental numbers like 'pi', or a large prime -- is not easy because there are many sources of error that are difficult to detect, or track down. Some, but by no means all are: 1. How "good" (that is convergent) is the algorithm? If, for example the algorithm is some sort of infinite series, there is always a truncation error, because you cannot compute an infinite number of terms in a finite amount of time. The further out you go in the algorithm, the more significant these errors become.

338

Riddell Revolution Speed Adult Large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Riddell 360 Sample 1 2 3 Size Adult Large Adult.237 0.239 Overall STAR 0.239 Best Available: A total of 15 adult football helmet models that have been values. Helmet Ratings #12;Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Schutt ION 4D Sample 1 2 3

Lu, Chang

339

Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: Summary of each site Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location Actions and Resolutions for each site. Six disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. One has achieved final stabilization. The remaining five sites not meeting the criteria for final stabilization will be evaluated again in the next fiscal year.

Jenifer Nordstrom

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Year STB EIA STB EIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Release Date: November 16, 2012 Release Date: November 16, 2012 Barge Truck Total delivered cost per short ton Shipments with transportation rates over total shipments Total delivered cost per short ton Shipments with transportation rates over total shipments Year (nominal) (real) (real) (percent) (nominal) (real) (real) (percent) 2008 $6.26 $5.77 $36.50 15.8% 42.3% $6.12 $5.64 $36.36 15.5% 22.2% 2009 $6.23 $5.67 $52.71 10.8% 94.8% $4.90 $4.46 $33.18 13.5% 25.1% 2010 $6.41 $5.77 $50.83 11.4% 96.8% $6.20 $5.59 $36.26 15.4% 38.9% Annual Percent Change First to Last Year 1.2% 0.0% 18.0% - - 0.7% -0.4% -0.1% - - Latest 2 Years 2.9% 1.7% -3.6% - - 26.6% 25.2% 9.3% - - - = No data reported or value not applicable STB Data Source: The Surface Transportation Board's 900-Byte Carload Waybill Sample

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Earth: 15 Million Years Ago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Einstein's general relativity theory the metric component gxx in the direction of motion (x-direction) of the sun deviates from unity due to a tensor potential caused by the black hole existing around the center of the galaxy. Because the solar system is orbiting around the galactic center at 200 km/s, the theory shows that the Newtonian gravitational potential due to the sun is not quite radial. At the present time, the ecliptic plane is almost perpendicular to the galactic plane, consistent with this modification of the Newtonian gravitational force. The ecliptic plane is assumed to maintain this orientation in the galactic space as it orbits around the galactic center, but the rotational angular momentum of the earth around its own axis can be assumed to be conserved. The earth is between the sun and the galactic center at the summer solstice all the time. As a consequence, the rotational axis of the earth would be parallel to the axis of the orbital rotation of the earth 15 million years ago, if the solar system has been orbiting around the galactic center at 200 km/s. The present theory concludes that the earth did not have seasons 15 million years ago. Therefore, the water on the earth was accumulated near the poles as ice and the sea level was very low. Geological evidence exists that confirms this effect. The resulting global ice-melting started 15 million years ago and is ending now.

Masataka Mizushima

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evaluation of retrocommissioning persistence in large commercialbuildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial Building Retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. This paper discusses LBNL's recently conducted study of 8 participants in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District Retrocommissioning program. We evaluated the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation, in an effort to identify and understand factors that can improve the longevity of retrocommissioning benefits. The LBNL analysis included a whole-building and measure status analysis, incorporating elements of previous work by Texas A&M University and Portland Energy Conservation Inc. Included in the energy analysis were whole building calculated energy savings and consideration of effects from the 2001 energy crisis. The measure persistence analysis examined each recommended measure and it's current operational status. Results showed a 59% implementation rate of recommended measures. Some process findings were: (1) Building engineers will tweak a measure that didn't work, instead of reverting to the pre-retrocommissioning settings; (2) A majority of the implementation costs were absorbed into regular operation and maintenance budgets; (3) The most frequently reported down side was the large time demands on the building engineering staff. However, all respondents thought it was worth the price; (4) All the sites said that retrocommissioning is beneficial to their operations, due to ongoing training and continuous improvement of system specifications; and (5) Approximately 65% of the peak retrocommissioning savings persisted beyond four years.

Bourassa, Norman J.; Piette, Mary Ann; Motegi, Naoya

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

10 Years after the 2003 Northeast Blackout | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 Years after the 2003 Northeast Blackout 10 Years after the 2003 Northeast Blackout 10 Years after the 2003 Northeast Blackout August 14, 2013 - 5:19pm Addthis Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Ten years ago today, large portions of the Midwest and Northeast United States and into Canada went dark. The cascading event, which started shortly after 4:00 PM on August 14, 2003, ended up affecting an estimated 50 million people. For some customers, power was not restored for nearly four days. The Department of Energy and Natural Resources Canada jointly commissioned a task force that examined the underlying causes of the blackout and recommended forty-six actions to enhance the reliability of the North American power system. A number of the recommendations were incorporated

344

First Beam for Large Hadron Collider | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beam for Large Hadron Collider Beam for Large Hadron Collider First Beam for Large Hadron Collider September 10, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - An international collaboration of scientists today sent the first beam of protons zooming at nearly the speed of light around the world's most powerful particle accelerator-the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)-located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) invested a total $531 million in the construction of the accelerator and its detectors, which scientists believe could help unlock extraordinary discoveries about the nature of the physical universe. Celebrations across the U.S. and around the world mark the LHC's first circulating beam, an occasion more than 15 years in the making. An

345

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility August 24, 2011 - 6:23pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy issued the following statement in support of today's groundbreaking for construction of the nation's first large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage (ICCS) facility in Decatur, Illinois. Supported by the 2009 economic stimulus legislation - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - the ambitious project will capture and store one million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year produced as the result of processing corn into fuel-grade ethanol from the nearby Archer Daniels Midland biofuels plant. Since all of

346

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility August 24, 2011 - 6:23pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy issued the following statement in support of today's groundbreaking for construction of the nation's first large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage (ICCS) facility in Decatur, Illinois. Supported by the 2009 economic stimulus legislation - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - the ambitious project will capture and store one million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year produced as the result of processing corn into fuel-grade ethanol from the nearby Archer Daniels Midland biofuels plant. Since all of

347

Help:Formatting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formatting Formatting Jump to: navigation, search You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two single quotes like ''this'' Contents 1 Text formatting markup 2 Paragraphs 3 HTML 4 Other formatting Text formatting markup Description You type You get character formatting - applies anywhere Italic text ''italic'' italic Bold text '''bold''' bold Bold and italic '''''bold & italic''''' bold & italic Escape wiki markup no ''markup'' no ''markup'' section formatting - only at the beginning of the line Headings of different levels

348

Formation control for cooperative surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

>>> >>>> >>> >>>> >>>> >>> >>>> >>> >>>: _xi = vi cos i cos`i _yi = vi sin i cos`i _zi = vi sinfii _ i = !i _`i = ?i _vi = ui (2.10) Formation Constraints can be deflned by Qi = [r?i]I ?[bi]I = 0 and formation errors are represented byEi = [ri]I?[r?i]I. Let us deflne the error vector... velocity of the second virtual agent was determined 24 from Eq.(2.17). Also, Fig.6 shows that all errors are stabilized exponentially by the controllers ui in Eq.(2.9). The ith row in Fig.6 shows the errors between [ri]I and [r?i]I. The convergence rate...

Woo, Sang-Bum

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Chemostratigraphy And Geochemical Constraints On The Deposition Of The Bakken Formation, Williston Basin, Eastern Montana And Western North Dakota.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Rowe, Harold The late Devonian-early Mississippian Bakken Formation was deposited in a structural-sedimentary intracratonic basin that extends across a large part of modern day North… (more)

Maldonado, David Nyrup

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Chemostratigraphy And Geochemical Constraints On The Deposition Of The Bakken Formation, Williston Basin, Eastern Montana And Western North Dakota.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Rowe, Harold The late Devonian-early Mississippian Bakken Formation was deposited in a structural-sedimentary intracratonic basin that extends across a large part of modern day North… (more)

Maldonado, David Nyrup

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Formation Testing Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formation Testing Techniques Formation Testing Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Formation Testing Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Formation Testing Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Downhole Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Formation Testing Techniques: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition References No exploration activities found. Print PDF Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Formation_Testing_Techniques&oldid=601973" Categories: Downhole Techniques Exploration Techniques

352

Controls on Gas Hydrate Formation and Dissociation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objectives of the project were to monitor, characterize, and quantify in situ the rates of formation and dissociation of methane hydrates at and near the seafloor in the northern Gulf of Mexico, with a focus on the Bush Hill seafloor hydrate mound; to record the linkages between physical and chemical parameters of the deposits over the course of one year, by emphasizing the response of the hydrate mound to temperature and chemical perturbations; and to document the seafloor and water column environmental impacts of hydrate formation and dissociation. For these, monitoring the dynamics of gas hydrate formation and dissociation was required. The objectives were achieved by an integrated field and laboratory scientific study, particularly by monitoring in situ formation and dissociation of the outcropping gas hydrate mound and of the associated gas-rich sediments. In addition to monitoring with the MOSQUITOs, fluid flow rates and temperature, continuously sampling in situ pore fluids for the chemistry, and imaging the hydrate mound, pore fluids from cores, peepers and gas hydrate samples from the mound were as well sampled and analyzed for chemical and isotopic compositions. In order to determine the impact of gas hydrate dissociation and/or methane venting across the seafloor on the ocean and atmosphere, the overlying seawater was sampled and thoroughly analyzed chemically and for methane C isotope ratios. At Bush hill the pore fluid chemistry varies significantly over short distances as well as within some of the specific sites monitored for 440 days, and gas venting is primarily focused. The pore fluid chemistry in the tub-warm and mussel shell fields clearly documented active gas hydrate and authigenic carbonate formation during the monitoring period. The advecting fluid is depleted in sulfate, Ca Mg, and Sr and is rich in methane; at the main vent sites the fluid is methane supersaturated, thus bubble plumes form. The subsurface hydrology exhibits both up-flow and down-flow of fluid at rates that range between 0.5 to 214 cm/yr and 2-162 cm/yr, respectively. The fluid flow system at the mound and background sites are coupled having opposite polarities that oscillate episodically between 14 days to {approx}4 months. Stability calculations suggest that despite bottom water temperature fluctuations, of up to {approx}3 C, the Bush Hill gas hydrate mound is presently stable, as also corroborated by the time-lapse video camera images that did not detect change in the gas hydrate mound. As long as methane (and other hydrocarbon) continues advecting at the observed rates the mound would remain stable. The {_}{sup 13}C-DIC data suggest that crude oil instead of methane serves as the primary electron-donor and metabolic substrate for anaerobic sulfate reduction. The oil-dominated environment at Bush Hill shields some of the methane bubbles from being oxidized both anaerobically in the sediment and aerobically in the water column. Consequently, the methane flux across the seafloor is higher at Bush hill than at non-oil rich seafloor gas hydrate regions, such as at Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia. The methane flux across the ocean/atmosphere interface is as well higher. Modeling the methane flux across this interface at three bubble plumes provides values that range from 180-2000 {_}mol/m{sup 2} day; extrapolating it over the Gulf of Mexico basin utilizing satellite data is in progress.

Miriam Kastner; Ian MacDonald

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

353

Draft dry year tools (generation/planning)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generation > Planning > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Dry Year Tools November 9, 2006 - Final Dry Year Guide: The Final Dry...

354

Fact #764: January 28, 2013 Model Year 2013 Brings More Fuel Efficient Choices for Consumers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Over the last six years, manufacturers have made more fuel efficient choices available to consumers in several size classes. For a consumer purchasing a new large car in 2008, the highest combined...

355

KIS Press Release -April 1, 2010 (in german March 9, 2010) First Observation of the Formation of a Sunspot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years ago, the American George Ellery Hale discovered that a strong magnetic field is present of the interaction of gas-dynamic and magnetic forces. Radial filaments develop there, the formation of which has

Schlichenmaier, Rolf

356

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

357

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

358

Calendar Year Reports | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reports Calendar Year Reports Calendar Year Reports Audit, Inspection and Other Reports The majority of Office of Inspector General reports are public. Certain reports, however,...

359

formation at the Riley Ridge Unit on the LaBarge Platform in Southwest  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

formation at the Riley Ridge Unit on the LaBarge Platform in Southwest formation at the Riley Ridge Unit on the LaBarge Platform in Southwest Wyoming. The test will demonstrate the ability of a geological formation to safely, permanently, and economically store more than 2 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ); examine the entire CO 2 injection process from pre-injection characterization, injection process monitoring, and post-injection monitoring; and provide the groundwork for future carbon capture and storage (CCS) opportunities in the region. The eolian sandstone formations present throughout the region offer the opportunity to store more than 100 years of CO 2 emissions from regional point sources. BSCSP plans to drill a CO 2 injection well and inject up to 1 million tons of CO 2 per year into the Nugget Sandstone

360

Help:FormattingResults | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FormattingResults FormattingResults Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 UL 2 Google Pie Charts 3 Outline 4 Calendar 5 Timeline 6 Gallery 7 Google Map 8 Geochart Ask Queries are used to pull results from semantic wiki content and can be displayed in a variety of formats. This page lists examples of the more common formats with the code used to generate them and when applicable, links to eternal help documents describing the options available for each format. When writing an ask query, one specifies the format with |format=. The examples below contain the ask query code used to generate them, including the format declaration. UL BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas Biomass Energy Data Book CLIMWAT 2.0 CROPWAT 8.0 {{#ask:[[Category:Tools]] [[ProgramTopics::Resource assessment]] [[ProgramResources::Dataset]]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Proportional structural effects of formative indicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formative constructs must influence two or more distinct outcome variables for meaningful tests of the formative conceptualization. Because the construct mediates the effects of its indicators, the indicators must have ...

Franke, George R.; Preacher, K. J.; Rigdon, Ed E.

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Formation damage in underbalanced drilling operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formation damage has long been recognized as a potential source of reduced productivity and injectivity in both horizontal and vertical wells. From the moment that the pay zone is being drilled until the well is put on production, a formation...

Reyes Serpa, Carlos Alberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Structure formation: Models, Dynamics and Status  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The constraints on the models for the structure formation arising from various cosmological observations at different length scales are reviewed. The status of different models for structure formation is examined critically in the light of these observations.

T. Padmanabhan

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

364

Interchange format for hybrid systems: abstract semantics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In [1] we advocated the need for an interchange format for hybrid systems that enables the integration of design tools coming from many different research communities. In deriving such interchange format the main challenge is to define a language that, ...

Alessandro Pinto; Luca P. Carloni; Roberto Passerone; Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Twenty Years of Tevatron Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superconducting Tevatron accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) has surpassed twenty years of operation. The Tevatron is still the highest energy particle accelerator in the world and will remain so until the commissioning of the LHC in Europe later this decade. The Tevatron has operated in a Fixed Target mode accelerating a proton beam into stationary targets/detectors as well as a Colliding Beam mode continuously colliding counter rotating beams of protons and antiprotons. Upon completion the Tevatron cryogenic system became the world’s largest helium refrigeration system. In 1993 the Tevatron cryogenic system was given the designation of International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The operational history experiences and statistics of the Tevatron with an emphasis on the cryogenic system is presented. Improvements upgrades and current challenges of the cryogenic system are discussed.

J. C. Theilacker

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Design and optimization of large area thin-film CdTe detector for radiation therapy imaging applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The authors investigate performance of thin-film cadmium telluride (CdTe) in detecting high-energy (6 MV) x rays. The utilization of this material has become technologically feasible only in recent years due to significant development in large area photovoltaic applications. Methods: The CdTe film is combined with a metal plate, facilitating conversion of incoming photons into secondary electrons. The system modeling is based on the Monte Carlo simulations performed to determine the optimized CdTe layer thickness in combination with various converter materials. Results: The authors establish a range of optimal parameters producing the highest DQE due to energy absorption, as well as signal and noise spatial spreading. The authors also analyze the influence of the patient scatter on image formation for a set of detector configurations. The results of absorbed energy simulation are used in device operation modeling to predict the detector output signal. Finally, the authors verify modeling results experimentally for the lowest considered device thickness. Conclusions: The proposed CdTe-based large area thin-film detector has a potential of becoming an efficient low-cost electronic portal imaging device for radiation therapy applications.

Parsai, E. Ishmael; Shvydka, Diana; Kang, Jun [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toledo Health Sciences Campus, 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43614 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, John Hopkins University, 401 N Broadway, Suite 1440, Baltimore, Maryland 21231 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

Vinegar, Harold J

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

368

Laboratory evidence for efficient water formation in interstellar ices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Even though water is the main constituent in interstellar icy mantles, its chemical origin is not well understood. Three different formation routes have been proposed following hydrogenation of O, O2, or O3, but experimental evidence is largely lacking. We present a solid state astrochemical laboratory study in which one of these routes is tested. For this purpose O2 ice is bombarded by H- or D-atoms under ultra high vacuum conditions at astronomically relevant temperatures ranging from 12 to 28 K. The use of reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) permits derivation of reaction rates and shows efficient formation of H2O (D2O) with a rate that is surprisingly independent of temperature. This formation route converts O2 into H2O via H2O2 and is found to be orders of magnitude more efficient than previously assumed. It should therefore be considered as an important channel for interstellar water ice formation as illustrated by astrochemical model calculations.

S. Ioppolo; H. M. Cuppen; C. Romanzin; E. F. van Dishoeck; H. Linnartz

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Coke formation during pyrolysis of 1,2-dichloroethane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most processes involving hydrocarbons or carbon oxides at high temperatures suffer from the disadvantage of coke formation. The formation of coke deposits during pyrolysis of hydrocarbons or chlorinated hydrocarbons is of significant practical importance. Examples of such processes are the steam cracking of alkanes to produce olefins and the thermal decomposition of 1,2-dichloroethane (EDC) for the production of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Even id the rate of coke production is low, the cumulative nature of the solid product will result in reactor fouling. The present work deals with the thermal decomposition of EDC. Coke formation has been studied on metal surfaces in a quartz tubular reactor. The rate of coke deposition was measures on metal foils hanging from one arm of a microbalance. A complete analysis of the product gas was accomplished using on-line gas chromatography. The results show that coke deposition during thermal decomposition of EDC depends on the composition of the feed as well as on the nature of the surface of the metal foil. Small amounts of other components (contamination with other chlorinated hydrocarbons as an example) may have a large influence on the rate of coke formation. The results are discussed in terms of surface composition/morphology of the metal foil and the free radical mechanism for thermal decomposition of FDC.

Holmen, A. [Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Lindvag, O.A. [SINTEF Applied Chemistry, Trondheim (Norway)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

370

Annual Site Environmental Report Calendar Year 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the environmental status of Ames Laboratory for calendar year 2007. It includes descriptions of the Laboratory site, its mission, the status of its compliance with applicable environmental regulations, its planning and activities to maintain compliance, and a comprehensive review of its environmental protection, surveillance and monitoring activities. Ames Laboratory is located on the campus of Iowa State University (ISU) and occupies 11 buildings owned by the Department of Energy (DOE). See the Laboratory's Web page at www.external.ameslab.gov for locations and Laboratory overview. The Laboratory also leases space in ISU owned buildings. In 2007, the Laboratory accumulated and disposed of waste under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued generator numbers. All waste is handled according to all applicable EPA, State, Local and DOE Orders. In 2006 the Laboratory reduced its generator status from a Large Quantity Generator (LQG) to a Small Quantity Generator (SQG). EPA Region VII was notified of this change. The Laboratory's RCRA hazardous waste management program was inspected by EPA Region VII in April 2006. There were no notices of violations. The inspector was impressed with the improvements of the Laboratory's waste management program over the past ten years. The Laboratory was in compliance with all applicable federal, state, local and DOE regulations and orders in 2007. There were no radiological air emissions or exposures to the general public due to Laboratory activities in 2007. See U.S. Department of Energy Air Emissions Annual Report in Appendix B. As indicated in prior SERs, pollution awareness, waste minimization and recycling programs have been in practice since 1990, with improvements implemented most recently in 2003. Included in these efforts were battery and CRT recycling, waste white paper and green computer paper-recycling. Ames Laboratory also recycles/reuses salvageable metal, used oil, styrofoam peanuts, batteries, fluorescent lamps and telephone books. Ames Laboratory reported to DOE-Ames Site Office (AMSO), through the Laboratory's Self Assessment Report, on its Affirmative Procurement Performance Measure. A performance level of 'A' was achieved in 2007 for Integrated Safety, Health, and Environmental Protection. As reported in Site Environmental Reports for prior years, the Laboratory's Environmental Management System has been integrated into the Laboratory's Integrated Safety Management System since 2005. The integration of EMS into the way the Laboratory does business allows the Laboratory to systematically review, address and respond to the Laboratory's environmental impacts.

Dan Kayser-Ames Laboratory

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Mapping galaxy encounters in numerical simulations: The spatial extent of induced star formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ a suite of 75 simulations of galaxies in idealised major mergers (stellar mass ratio ~2.5:1), with a wide range of orbital parameters, to investigate the spatial extent of interaction-induced star formation. Although the total star formation in galaxy encounters is generally elevated relative to isolated galaxies, we find that this elevation is a combination of intense enhancements within the central kpc and moderately suppressed activity at large galacto-centric radii. The radial dependence of the star formation enhancement is stronger in the less massive galaxy than in the primary, and is also more pronounced in mergers of more closely aligned disc spin orientations. Conversely, these trends are almost entirely independent of the encounter's impact parameter and orbital eccentricity. Our predictions of the radial dependence of triggered star formation, and specifically the suppression of star formation beyond kph-scales, will be testable with the next generation of integral-field spectroscopic sur...

Moreno, Jorge; Ellison, Sara L; Patton, David R; Bluck, Asa F L; Bansal, Gunjan; Hernquist, Lars

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Formation Flying and Deformable Instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Astronomers have always attempted to build very stable instruments. They fight all that can cause mechanical deformation or image motion. This has led to well established technologies (autoguide, active optics, thermal control, tip/tilt correction), as well as observing methods based on the use of controlled motion (scanning, micro scanning, shift and add, chopping and nodding). Formation flying disturbs this practice. It is neither possible to reduce the relative motion to very small amplitudes, nor to control it at will. Some impacts on Simbol-X instrument design, and operation are presented.

Rio, Yvon [CEA/IRFU/Sap, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

Petrophysical evaluation of subterranean formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems are provided for evaluating petrophysical properties of subterranean formations and comprehensively evaluating hydrate presence through a combination of computer-implemented log modeling and analysis. Certain embodiments include the steps of running a number of logging tools in a wellbore to obtain a variety of wellbore data and logs, and evaluating and modeling the log data to ascertain various petrophysical properties. Examples of suitable logging techniques that may be used in combination with the present invention include, but are not limited to, sonic logs, electrical resistivity logs, gamma ray logs, neutron porosity logs, density logs, NRM logs, or any combination or subset thereof.

Klein, James D; Schoderbek, David A; Mailloux, Jason M

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Experimental studies of spheromak formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies in the PS?1 spheromak configuration can be effectively formed by a combined z? and ??pinch technique on both a fast (?formation??Alfvén) and a much slower timescale. The gross tilt and shift instability of the toroid can be suppressed by a combination of conduction walls shaping the separatrix by externally applied fields and the use of ‘‘figure?eight’’ coils. Optimum stabilty is obtained for almost spherical toroids. Maximum field?reversal times for stable well?confined toroids are ?40 /?sec consistent with resistive decay. Temperatures during the stable decay are 5–10 eV; impurity radiation is an important energy?loss mechanism.

H. Bruhns; C. Chin?Fatt; Y. P. Chong; A. W. DeSilva; G. C. Goldenbaum; H. R. Griem; G. W. Hart; R. A. Hess; J. H. Irby; R. S. Shaw

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Bar Formation, Evolution and Destruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the various mechanisms for creating bars in rotating stellar disks, and conclude that the swing-amplified feed-back loop, which produces rapidly tumbling bars, remains the most probable. The bar continues to evolve after its formation in a number of ways; here I discuss what appears to be inevitable thickening normal to the plane, continued spiral activity in the outer disk and also underscore the increasingly important problem presented by angular momentum loss to the halo. Finally, I examine possible means, excluding interaction, by which bars in galaxies could be destroyed.

J A Sellwood

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

376

Zonal flow as pattern formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zonal flows are well known to arise spontaneously out of turbulence. We show that for statistically averaged equations of the stochastically forced generalized Hasegawa-Mima model, steady-state zonal flows, and inhomogeneous turbulence fit into the framework of pattern formation. There are many implications. First, the wavelength of the zonal flows is not unique. Indeed, in an idealized, infinite system, any wavelength within a certain continuous band corresponds to a solution. Second, of these wavelengths, only those within a smaller subband are linearly stable. Unstable wavelengths must evolve to reach a stable wavelength; this process manifests as merging jets.

Parker, Jeffrey B.; Krommes, John A. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Electrochemical formation of field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches is modeled using a two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamics code. Modified Thomas-Fermi equations of state and dense plasma transport coefficients allow the phase transitions from solid to plasma to be approximated. Results indicate the persistence of a two-component structure with a cold, dense core embedded within a much hotter, low density, m=0 unstable corona. Extensive benchmark testing against data from a number of single-wire experiments is presented. Artificial laser schlieren and x-ray back-lighting images generated from the code data are compared directly to experimental results. The results were found to be insensitive to inaccuracies in the equations of state and transport coefficients. Simulations of individual wires in a wire array show different behavior to that observed experimentally due to the absence of three-dimensional effects. Simulations with similar conditions to wires in an array show a general trend in the plasma structure at start of implosion from discrete wires with large m=0 perturbation amplitudes to partially merged wires with smaller perturbation amplitudes as the number of wires is increased. Results for a wire number scan with aluminum wire arrays on the SATURN generator suggest that the observed sharp transition to high x-ray power at around 40 wires corresponds to a sharp decrease in m=0 perturbation amplitude and hence a sharp decrease in the seed perturbation for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability.

J. P. Chittenden; S. V. Lebedev; J. Ruiz-Camacho; F. N. Beg; S. N. Bland; C. A. Jennings; A. R. Bell; M. G. Haines; S. A. Pikuz; T. A. Shelkovenko; D. A. Hammer

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Planet Formation in the Outer Solar System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews coagulation models for planet formation in the Kuiper Belt, emphasizing links to recent observations of our and other solar systems. At heliocentric distances of 35-50 AU, single annulus and multiannulus planetesimal accretion calculations produce several 1000 km or larger planets and many 50-500 km objects on timescales of 10-30 Myr in a Minimum Mass Solar Nebula. Planets form more rapidly in more massive nebulae. All models yield two power law cumulative size distributions, N_C propto r^{-q} with q = 3.0-3.5 for radii larger than 10 km and N_C propto r^{-2.5} for radii less than 1 km. These size distributions are consistent with observations of Kuiper Belt objects acquired during the past decade. Once large objects form at 35-50 AU, gravitational stirring leads to a collisional cascade where 0.1-10 km objects are ground to dust. The collisional cascade removes 80% to 90% of the initial mass in the nebula in roughly 1 Gyr. This dust production rate is comparable to rates inferred for alpha Lyr, beta Pic, and other extrasolar debris disk systems.

Scott J. Kenyon

2001-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

RADIATION MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATIONS OF PROTOSTELLAR COLLAPSE: PROTOSTELLAR CORE FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first three-dimensional radiation magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) simulations of protostellar collapse with and without Ohmic dissipation. We take into account many physical processes required to study star formation processes, including a realistic equation of state. We follow the evolution from molecular cloud cores until protostellar cores are formed with sufficiently high resolutions without introducing a sink particle. The physical processes involved in the simulations and adopted numerical methods are described in detail. We can calculate only about one year after the formation of the protostellar cores with our direct three-dimensional RMHD simulations because of the extremely short timescale in the deep interior of the formed protostellar cores, but successfully describe the early phase of star formation processes. The thermal evolution and the structure of the first and second (protostellar) cores are consistent with previous one-dimensional simulations using full radiation transfer, but differ considerably from preceding multi-dimensional studies with the barotropic approximation. The protostellar cores evolve virtually spherically symmetric in the ideal MHD models because of efficient angular momentum transport by magnetic fields, but Ohmic dissipation enables the formation of the circumstellar disks in the vicinity of the protostellar cores as in previous MHD studies with the barotropic approximation. The formed disks are still small (less than 0.35 AU) because we simulate only the earliest evolution. We also confirm that two different types of outflows are naturally launched by magnetic fields from the first cores and protostellar cores in the resistive MHD models.

Tomida, Kengo [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)] [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Tomisaka, Kohji [Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Matsumoto, Tomoaki [Faculty of Humanity and Environment, Hosei University, Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160 (Japan)] [Faculty of Humanity and Environment, Hosei University, Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160 (Japan); Hori, Yasunori; Saigo, Kazuya [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Okuzumi, Satoshi [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)] [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan); Machida, Masahiro N., E-mail: tomida@astro.princeton.edu, E-mail: tomisaka@th.nao.ac.jp, E-mail: yasunori.hori@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: saigo.kazuya@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: matsu@hosei.ac.jp, E-mail: okuzumi@nagoya-u.jp, E-mail: machida.masahiro.018@m.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

Modeling the Sequestration of CO2 in Deep Geological Formations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Sequestration of CO the Sequestration of CO 2 in Deep Geological Formations K. Prasad Saripalli, B. Peter McGrail, and Mark D. White Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 corresponding author Prasad Saripalli Senior Research Scientist Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1313 Sigma V Complex (K6-81) Richland, WA 99352 ph: (509) 376-1667 fax: (509) 376-5368 prasad.saripalli@pnl.gov 2 Modeling the Sequestration of CO 2 in Deep Geological Formations K. Prasad Saripalli, B. Peter McGrail, and Mark D. White Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 Modeling the injection of CO 2 and its sequestration will require simulations of a multi- well injection system in a large reservoir field. However, modeling at the injection well

383

Conventional Positron Target for a Tesla Formatted Beam  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 SLAC-TN-03-072 November 2003 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Conventional Positron Target for a Tesla Formatted Beam John C. Sheppard Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

384

PROTOSTELLAR DISK FORMATION ENABLED BY WEAK, MISALIGNED MAGNETIC FIELDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas from which stars form is magnetized, and strong magnetic fields can efficiently transport angular momentum. Most theoretical models of this phenomenon find that it should prevent formation of large (>100 AU), rotationally supported disks around most protostars, even when non-ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects that allow the field and gas to decouple are taken into account. Using recent observations of magnetic field strengths and orientations in protostellar cores, we show that this conclusion is incorrect. The distribution of magnetic field strengths is very broad, and alignments between fields and angular momentum vectors within protostellar cores are essentially random. By combining the field strength and misalignment data with MHD simulations showing that disk formation is expected for both weak and misaligned fields, we show that these observations imply that we should expect disk fractions of {approx}10%-50% even when protostars are still deeply embedded in their parent cores, and even if the gas is governed by ideal MHD.

Krumholz, Mark R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Crutcher, Richard M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Hull, Charles L. H., E-mail: mkrumhol@ucsc.edu [Astronomy Department and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

385

Dynamics of filament formation in a Kerr medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the large-scale beam breakup and filamentation of femtosecond pulses in a Kerr medium. We have experimentally monitored the formation of stable light filaments, conical emission, and interactions between filaments. Three major stages lead to the formation of stable light filaments: First the beam breaks up into a pattern of connected lines (constellation), then filaments form on the constellations, and finally the filaments release a fraction of their energy through conical emission. We observed a phase transition to a faster filamentation rate at the onset of conical emission. We attribute this to the interaction of conical emissions with the constellation which creates additional filaments. Numerical simulations show good agreement with the experimental results.

Centurion, Martin [Physics Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Pu Ye; Tsang, Mankei; Psaltis, Demetri [Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dynamics of filament formation in a Kerr medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the large-scale beam breakup and filamentation of femtosecond pulses in a Kerr medium. We have experimentally monitored the formation of stable light filaments, conical emission, and interactions between filaments. Three major stages lead to the formation of stable light filaments: First the beam breaks up into a pattern of connected lines (constellation), then filaments form on the constellations, and finally the filaments release a fraction of their energy through conical emission. We observed a phase transition to a faster filamentation rate at the onset of conical emission. We attribute this to the interaction of conical emissions with the constellation which creates additional filaments. Numerical simulations show good agreement with the experimental results.

Martin Centurion; Ye Pu; Mankei Tsang; Demetri Psaltis

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

387

Parallel implementation and one year experiments with the Danish Euleian Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-page: http://www.dmu.dk/AtmosphericEnvironment Abstract. Large scale air pollution models are powerful tools for air pollution modelling has been studied for years [8, 15]. An air pollution model is generally of chemical species (pollutants and other components of the air that interact with the pollutants) in a large

Dimov, Ivan

388

Heating tar sands formations while controlling pressure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. A pressure in the majority of the section may be maintained below a fracture pressure of the formation. The pressure in the majority of the section may be reduced to a selected pressure after the average temperature reaches a temperature that is above 240.degree. C. and is at or below pyrolysis temperatures of hydrocarbons in the section. At least some hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

Stegemeier, George Leo (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

A concrete performance test for delayed ettringite formation: Part II validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is a rare problem of concrete, whose reaction mechanisms have been investigated by a large number of studies. In order to develop a performance test, the authors have conducted a feasibility study and an optimization study followed by this validation study. A performance test was previously developed to evaluate the risk of expansion as a result of DEF for a given “concrete/heating” combination to be evaluated. This paper presents the results of the validation study and explains the necessary conditions that must be applied for this test to be used as part of a rigorous preventive procedure. Data has been collected to reproduce the heat development in concrete under actual conditions on site or in a prefabrication factory. Concrete/heating combinations were studied for which 10 or 20 years' experience of the use of the concrete in wet environments existed. After nearly 300 days of testing, all the laboratory results reproduced the behaviour observed in-situ. On the basis of these macroscopic measurements and microscopic observations, DEF susceptible concretes can be distinguished from concretes that have never caused problems, despite being heated to 80 °C in early age. This test program therefore, confirms the reliability of the proposed performance test.

Alexandre Pavoine; Loïc Divet; Stéphane Fenouillet

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Large Aperture Electrostatic Dust Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diagnosis and management of dust inventories generated in next-step magnetic fusion devices is necessary for their safe operation. A novel electrostatic dust detector, based on a fine grid of interlocking circuit traces biased to 30 or 50 ? has been developed for the detection of dust particles on remote surfaces in air and vacuum environments. Impinging dust particles create a temporary short circuit and the resulting current pulse is recorded by counting electronics. Up to 90% of the particles are ejected from the grid or vaporized suggesting the device may be useful for controlling dust inventories. We report measurements of the sensitivity of a large area (5x5 cm) detector to microgram quantities of dust particles and review its applications to contemporary tokamaks and ITER.

C.H. Skinner, R. Hensley, and A.L Roquemore

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

391

The Rise of Oxygen over the Past 205 Million Years and the Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Rise of Oxygen over the Past 205 Million Years and the Evolution of Large Placental Mammals to the present, we modeled oxygen concentrations over the past 205 million years. Our analysis indicates that atmospheric oxygen approximately doubled over this period, with rela- tively rapid increases in the early

392

Exploitation and Optimization of Reservoir Performance in Hunton Formation, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hunton formation in Oklahoma has been the subject of attention for the last ten years. The new interest started with the drilling of the West Carney field in 1995 in Lincoln County. Subsequently, many other operators have expanded the search for oil and gas in Hunton formation in other parts of Oklahoma. These fields exhibit many unique production characteristics, including: (1) decreasing water-oil or water-gas ratio over time; (2) decreasing gas-oil ratio followed by an increase; (3) poor prediction capability of the reserves based on the log data; and (4) low geological connectivity but high hydrodynamic connectivity. The purpose of this investigation is to understand the principal mechanisms affecting the production, and propose methods by which we can optimize the production from fields with similar characteristics.

Mohan Kelkar

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

394

title Automated Price and Demand Response Demonstration for Large Customers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automated Price and Demand Response Demonstration for Large Customers Automated Price and Demand Response Demonstration for Large Customers in New York City using OpenADR booktitle International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations ICEBO year month address Montreal Quebec abstract p class p1 Open Automated Demand Response OpenADR an XML based information exchange model is used to facilitate continuous price responsive operation and demand response participation for large commercial buildings in New York who are subject to the default day ahead hourly pricing We summarize the existing demand response programs in New York and discuss OpenADR communication prioritization of demand response signals and control methods Building energy simulation models are developed and field tests are conducted to evaluate continuous energy management

395

Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2414 2414 1 Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles M. P. Modera, O. Brzozowski ** , F. R. Carrié * , D. J. Dickerhoff, W. W. Delp, W. J. Fisk, R. Levinson, D. Wang Abstract Electricity energy savings potential by eliminating air leakage from ducts in large commercial buildings is on the order of 10 kWh/m 2 per year (1 kWh/ft 2 ). We have tested, in two large commercial buildings, a new technology that simultaneously seals duct leaks and measures effective leakage area of ducts. The technology is based upon injecting a fog of aerosolized sealant particles into a pressurized duct system. In brief, this process involves blocking all of the intentional openings in a duct system (e.g., diffusers). Therefore, when the system is pressurized, the only place for the air carrying the aerosol

396

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate General: 20% of the incentive budget in a given budget year Contact Oncor for additional details Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount DX Air Conditioning: $285.30/kW; $0.09/kWh

397

Cost Study for Large Wind Turbine Blades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost study for large wind turbine blades reviewed three blades of 30 meters, 50 meters, and 70 meters in length. Blade extreme wind design loads were estimated in accordance with IEC Class I recommendations. Structural analyses of three blade sizes were performed at representative spanwise stations assuming a stressed shell design approach and E-glass/vinylester laminate. A bill of materials was prepared for each of the three blade sizes using the laminate requirements prepared during the structural analysis effort. The labor requirements were prepared for twelve major manufacturing tasks. TPI Composites developed a conceptual design of the manufacturing facility for each of the three blade sizes, which was used for determining the cost of labor and overhead (capital equipment and facilities). Each of the three potential manufacturing facilities was sized to provide a constant annual rated power production (MW per year) of the blades it produced. The cost of the production tooling and overland transportation was also estimated. The results indicate that as blades get larger, materials become a greater proportion of total cost, while the percentage of labor cost is decreased. Transportation costs decreased as a percentage of total cost. The study also suggests that blade cost reduction efforts should focus on reducing material cost and lowering manufacturing labor, because cost reductions in those areas will have the strongest impact on overall blade cost.

ASHWILL, THOMAS D.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fermi Large Area Telescope Third Source Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100~MeV--300~GeV range. Based on the first four years of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the 2FGL catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emission, a refined procedure for source detection, and improved methods for associating LAT sources with potential counterparts at other wavelengths. The 3FGL catalog includes 3033 sources above 4 sigma significance, with source location regions, spectral properties, and monthly light curves for each. Of these, 78 are flagged as potentially being due to imperfections in the model for Galactic diffuse emission. Twenty-five sources are modeled explicitly as spatially extended, and overall 232 sources are considered as identifie...

,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVING THE ROBUSTNESS OF FUZZY LOGIC ATM ABR RATE CONTROL FOR LARGE ROUND TRIP TIMES Lachlan L in the presence of a large round trip time (RTT). A simple fuzzy logic controller was recently shown to perform. In recent years, fuzzy logic [4,5] has shown promise in the control of complex systems, and several fuzzy

Andrew, Lachlan

400

Hydrogeochemical studies of the Rustler Formation and related rocks in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Area, Southeastern New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical, mineralogical, isotopic, and hydrological studies of the Culebra dolomite member of the Rustler Formation and related rocks are used to delineate hydrochemical facies and form the basis for a conceptual model for post-Pleistocene groundwater flow and chemical evolution. Modern flow within the Culebra in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) area appears to be largely north-to-south; however, these flow directions under confined conditions are not consistent with the salinity distribution in the region surrounding the WIPP Site. Isotopic, mineralogical, and hydrological data suggest that vertical recharge to the Culebra in the WIPP area and to the immediate east and south has not occurred for several thousand years. Eastward increasing {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U activity ratios suggest recharge from a near-surface Pleistocene infiltration zone flowing from the west-northwest and imply a change in flow direction in the last 30,000 to 12,000 years. 49 refs., 34 figs., 4 tabs.

Siegel, M.D.; Lambert, S.J.; Robinson, K.L. (eds.)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

History of the International Atomic Energy Agency: The First Forty Years  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International Atomic Energy Agency: Personal Reflections 1997 (Vienna: IAEA) 311 pp AS260 (hardback) ISBN 92 0 102497 5 These two books are a contribution to the 40th birthday celebrations of the IAEA. I have worked in the field of Health Physics for 39 of those years, and have contributed to projects for the Agency during that time so these volumes are a nostalgic journey into my past as well. The focus of the History of the IAEA is the intimate linkage to nuclear power. Accidents such as Three Mile Island and Chernobyl have had major impacts on the Agency's programme and the evolution of arms' controls that has affected IAEA safeguards. The IAEA has greatly influenced the practical applications of nuclear science and many examples are discussed in the history. The Personal Reflections are from 25 distinguished scientists and diplomats who have contributed to the formation and development of the IAEA. The IAEA is an Agency of the United Nations (UN) with origins back to 1946 when the USA proposed the UN Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC). The Soviet Union, although a participant in the UNAEC discussions, never agreed to the US proposals and UNAEC was eventually disbanded in 1952. In 1953, President Eisenhower made his `Atoms for Peace' speech and proposed a joint contribution to a UN agency of natural uranium and fissionable materials. In 1955, the USA started drafting the Statutes for an `IAEA' and these were accepted by a conference of 82 states at the UN. The Agency's Preparatory Commission started work in February 1957: the first Director General, Dr Stirling Cole (USA), was in post by the middle of that year. Euratom was formed in the same year. International regulations on the safe transport of radioactive waste were drafted and safeguard inspections were started at a research reactor in Norway. The first IAEA Basic Safety Standards for Radiation were agreed by the Agency's Board in June 1962. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, a Partial Test Ban Treaty was negotiated between the USA and the USSR and the Agency extended its safeguards' systems to large reactors. The rest of the 1960s saw a gradual move towards non-proliferation and the application of nuclear and radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine and industry, particularly in developing countries. The year 1970 saw the instigation of the first bibliographic database INIS with distribution by computer tapes and microfiche. The 1973 oil crisis put energy issues at the top of the world's agenda and prospects for Nuclear Energy as a source of power brightened. The IAEA established a network of secondary standards laboratories in 1976 with the formation of a global network of analytical laboratories in the previous year. Up until 1979, the Agency had occupied the former Grand Hotel on the Ringstrasse that was spacious for working, with a well-equipped main conference hall that was often too small for large conferences but always convenient for the hotels in the centre of Vienna. In that year, the Agency moved to the Vienna International Centre on the Danube. Occupation of this new Centre was made possible by the generosity of the city of Vienna and the Austrian government. The Three Mile Island nuclear accident happened on 28 March 1979, and whilst the release of radioactivity was insignificant, the economic impact was huge with global implications for developments of nuclear power. The French-built Tamuz nuclear research reactor in Iraq was attacked by Israel in June 1981 because it was suspected that it was being used for nuclear weapons research. This presented an immediate challenge to the new Director General, Dr Hans Blix. However, the main event of the 1980s was the Chernobyl accident on 26 April 1986. Unit 4 of the reactor complex was completely destroyed, operators were killed and radioactivity was spread over large areas of Europe. The IAEA was central in organising the response to the accident and set up the Emergency Response System based upon their experiences. Also there was a series of accidents in the following years, often ass

J A B Gibson

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The dynamics of fragment formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that in the Quantum Molecular Dynamics model, dynamical correlations can result in the production rate for final state nucleon clusters (and hence composite fragments) being higher than would be expected if statistics and the available phase space were dominant in determining composite formation. An intranuclear cascade or a Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model, combined with a statistical approach in the late stage of the collision to determine composites, provides an equivalent description only under limited conditions of centrality and beam energy. We use data on participant fragment production in Au + Au collisions in the Bevalac`s BOS time projection chamber to map out the parameter space where statistical clustering provides a good description. In particular, we investigate momentum-space densities of fragments up to {sup 4}He as a function of fragment transverse momentum, azimuth relative to the reaction plane, rapidity, multiplicity and beam energy.

Keane, D. [Kent State Univ., OH (United States); EOS Collaboration

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Electrochemical formation of field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays is disclosed. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area. 12 figs.

Bernhardt, A.F.

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

Formation of hollow nanocrystals through the nanoscale kirkendall effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that hollow nanocrystals can be synthesized through a mechanism analogous to the Kirkendall Effect, in which pores form due to the difference in diffusion rates between two components in a diffusion couple. Cobalt nanocrystals are chosen as a primary example to show that their reaction in solution with oxygen, sulfur or selenium leads to the formation of hollow nanocrystals of the resulting oxide and chalcogenides. This process provides a general route to the synthesis of hollow nanostructures of large numbers of compounds. A simple extension of this process yields platinum-cobalt oxide yolk-shell nanostructures which may serve as nanoscale reactors in catalytic applications.

Yin, Yadong; Rioux, Robert M.; Erdonmez, Can K.; Hughes, Steven; Somorjai, Gabor A.; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

405

On the Formation of Boxy and Disky Elliptical Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N-body simulations of major spiral-spiral mergers with different mass ratios q 2:1 result in the formation of rotationally supported ellipticals with disky isophotes and small minor axis rotation. Projection effects lead in general to a large scatter in the kinematical and isophotal properties. If the observed dichotomy between boxy and disky ellipticals is a result of different mass ratios of the merger components massive ellipticals must have formed preferentially from equal-mass mergers in contrast to low-mass ellipticals which had to form from unequal-mass mergers.

A. Burkert; Th. Naab

1999-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

The global financial markets: an ultra-large-scale systems perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We argue here that, in recent years, the world's financial markets have become a globally interconnected complex adaptive ultra-large-scale socio-technical system-of-systems, and that this has important consequences for how the financial markets should ... Keywords: algorithmic trading, financial markets, flash crash, high-frequency trading, large-scale complex IT systems, normalization of deviance, ultra-large-scale systems

Dave Cliff; Linda Northrop

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

EXFOR systems manual: Nuclear reaction data exchange format. Revision 97/1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes EXFOR, the exchange format designed to allow transmission of nuclear reaction data between the members of the Nuclear Data Center Network. In addition to storing the data and its` bibliographic information, experimental information, including source of uncertainties, is also compiled. The status and history of the data set is also included, e.g., the source of the data, any updates which have been made, and correlations to other data sets. EXFOR is designed for flexibility rather than optimization of data processing in order to meet the diverse needs of the nuclear reaction data centers. The exchange format should not be confused with a center-to-user format. Although users may obtain data from the centers in the EXFOR format, other center-to-user formats have been developed to meet the needs of the users within each center`s own sphere of responsibility. The exchange format, as outlined, is designed to allow a large variety of numerical data tables with explanatory and bibliographic information to be transmitted in an easily machine-readable format (for checking and indicating possible errors) and a format that can be read by personnel (for passing judgment on and correcting any errors indicated by the machine).

McLane, V. [ed.] [comp.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Synergistic effect of mixing dimethyl ether with methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and soot formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and soot formation in counterflow diffusion flames of methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels mixed with dimethyl ether (DME) have been investigated. Planar laser-induced incandescence and fluorescence techniques were employed to measure relative soot volume fractions and PAH concentrations, respectively. Results showed that even though DME is known to be a clean fuel in terms of soot formation, DME mixture with ethylene fuel increases PAH and soot formation significantly as compared to the pure ethylene case, while the mixture of DME with methane, ethane, and propane decreases PAH and soot formation. Numerical calculations adopting a detailed kinetics showed that DME can be decomposed to produce a relatively large number of methyl radicals in the low-temperature region where PAH forms and grows; thus the mixture of DME with ethylene increases CH{sub 3} radicals significantly in the PAH formation region. Considering that the increase in the concentration of O radicals is minimal in the PAH formation region with DME mixture, the enhancement of PAH and soot formation in the mixture flames of DME and ethylene can be explained based on the role of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation. Methyl radicals can increase the concentration of propargyls, which could enhance incipient benzene ring formation through the propargyl recombination reaction and subsequent PAH growth. Thus, the result substantiates the importance of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation, especially in the PAH formation region of diffusion flames. (author)

Yoon, S.S. [Corporate Research and Development Division, Hyundai-Kia Motors, Gyeonggi-do 445-706 (Korea); Anh, D.H. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon 305-380 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Relaxing a large cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmological constant (CC) problem is the biggest enigma of theoretical physics ever. In recent times, it has been rephrased as the dark energy problem in order to encompass a wider spectrum of possibilities. It is, in any case, a polyhedric puzzle with many faces, including the cosmic coincidence problem, i.e. why the density of matter is presently so close to the CC density. However, the oldest, toughest and most intriguing face of this polyhedron is the big CC problem, namely why the measured value of the CC at present is so small as compared to any typical density scale existing in high energy physics, especially taking into account the many phase transitions that our Universe has undergone since the early times, including inflation. In this letter, we propose to extend the field equations of General Relativity by including a class of invariant terms that automatically relax the value of the CC irrespective of the initial size of the vacuum energy in the early epochs. We show that, at late times, the Universe enters an eternal de Sitter stage mimicking a tiny positive cosmological constant. Thus, these models could solve the big CC problem and have also a bearing on the cosmic coincidence problem. Remarkably, they mimic the LCDM model to a large extent, but they still leave some characteristic imprints that should be testable in the next generation of experiments.

Florian Bauer; Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

410

NETL: NATCARB - CO2 Storage Formations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Storage Formations Storage Formations NATCARB CO2 Storage Formations CO2 Storage Resource Methodology NATCARB Viewer The NATCARB Viewer is available at: http://www.natcarbviewer.com. 2012 Atlas IV DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) were charged with providing a high-level, quantitative estimate of carbon dioxide (CO2) storage resource available in subsurface environments of their regions. Environments considered for CO2 storage were categorized into five major geologic systems: oil and gas reservoirs, unmineable coal areas, saline formations, shale, and basalt formations. Where possible, CO2 storage resource estimates have been quantified for oil and gas reservoirs, saline formations, and unmineable coal in the fourth edition of the United States Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas (Atlas IV). Shale and basalt

411

Budget estimates, fiscal year 1997. Volume 12  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1997.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Undergraduate Handbook Academic Year 2012-2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Undergraduate Handbook Academic Year 2012-2013 COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES Department of Physics & Astronomy #12;The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Department of Physics and Astronomy Undergraduate Handbook Academic Year 2012-2013 Contents Introduction

Tennessee, University of

413

Calendar Year 2014 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4 Calendar Year 2014 RSS December 17, 2014 Audit Report: OAS-FS-15-05 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Fiscal Year 2014 Financial Statement Audit December 16, 2014 Inspection...

414

Numerus Clausus College year 2014/2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerus Clausus College year 2014/2015 Facultyof AerospaceEngineering Due to increasing numbers of students TU Delft has introduced a Numerus Clausus for first-year students for the Aerospace Engineering

Lindken, Ralph

415

Floating insulated conductors for heating subsurface formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heating system for a subsurface formation includes a conduit located in a first opening in the subsurface formation. Three electrical conductors are located in the conduit. A return conductor is located inside the conduit. The return conductor is electrically coupled to the ends of the electrical conductors distal from the surface of the formation. Insulation is located inside the conduit. The insulation electrically insulates the three electrical conductors, the return conductor, and the conduit from each other.

Burns, David; Goodwin, Charles R.

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fiscal Year 2010 Budget-in-Brief  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fiscal Year 2010 budget request from the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

417

Secretary Chu Celebrates NNSA's 10-Year Anniversary  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu speaks at NNSA's 10-year anniversary celebration on April 28, 2010.

Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Fiscal Year 2008 Budget-in-Brief  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fiscal Year 2008 budget request from the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

419

Fiscal Year 2007 Budget-in-Brief  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fiscal Year 2007 budget request from the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

420

Fiscal Year 2009 Budget-in-Brief  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fiscal Year 2009 budget request from the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

OUT Success Stories: Twenty Years of Success  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

DOE's Office of Utility Technologies celebrates 20 years of success in renewable energy research, development, and deployment.

2000-08-00T23:59:59.000Z

422

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

423

Standard Format and Content for Emergency Plans  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This volume addresses recommended emergency plan format and content for Operational Emergency Base Programs and Operational Emergency Hazardous Material Programs. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

424

Heating systems for heating subsurface formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems for heating a subsurface formation are described herein. A heating system for a subsurface formation includes a sealed conduit positioned in an opening in the formation and a heat source. The sealed conduit includes a heat transfer fluid. The heat source provides heat to a portion of the sealed conduit to change phase of the heat transfer fluid from a liquid to a vapor. The vapor in the sealed conduit rises in the sealed conduit, condenses to transfer heat to the formation and returns to the conduit portion as a liquid.

Nguyen, Scott Vinh (Houston, TX); Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

425

Heating tar sands formations to visbreaking temperatures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat may be controlled so that at least a majority of the section reaches an average temperature of between 200.degree. C. and 240.degree. C., which results in visbreaking of at least some hydrocarbons in the section. At least some visbroken hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Colmenares, Tulio Rafael (Houston, TX); Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX); Marino, Marian (Houston, TX); Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria (Houston, TX); Ryan, Robert Charles (Houston, TX); Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX); Dombrowski, Robert James (Houston, TX); Jaiswal, Namit (Houston, TX)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

426

11 Years Engineering Geology Fieldwork in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;14 dec 2001 11 years engineering geology in Falset - science from fieldwork - hack 2 What did we Produce ? Why did we ? #12;14 dec 2001 11 years engineering geology in Falset - science from fieldwork - hack 3 happy #12;14 dec 2001 11 years engineering geology in Falset - science from fieldwork - hack 4 Why keep

Hack, Robert

427

Foundation Year Programmes: AGuideforParents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundation Year Programmes: AGuideforParents #12;Welcometo Southampton Studying in the UK is a long exciting adventures of their life. Our foundation year courses are designed to help your son or daughter, foundation year students who meet the required criteria are guaranteed a place on an undergraduate course

Anderson, Jim

428

for the year ended 31 July 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

received in advance of expenditure and the deferral of capital expenditure, which during the coming year-11 Statement of Principal Accounting Policies 12-15 Consolidated Income and Expenditure Account 16-17 Statement for the Year The University's Consolidated Income, Expenditure and Results for the year to 31 July 2006

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

429

HIGHER EDUCATION TAX BENEFITS 42011 TAX YEAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGHER EDUCATION TAX BENEFITS 42011 TAX YEAR #12;2 The credit offsets what you pay for the first four years of higher education by reducing the amount of income tax you pay. In addition, the credit during the tax year and has not claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit and/or the American Opportunity Tax

430

Annual Site Environmental Report Calendar Year 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the environmental status of Ames Laboratory for calendar year 2010. It includes descriptions of the Laboratory site, its mission, the status of its compliance with applicable environmental regulations, its planning and activities to maintain compliance, and a comprehensive review of its environmental protection, surveillance and monitoring activities. In 2010, the Laboratory accumulated and disposed of waste under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued generator numbers. All waste is handled according to all applicable EPA, State, Local regulations and DOE Orders. In 2006 the Laboratory reduced its generator status from a Large Quantity Generator (LQG) to a Small Quantity Generator (SQG). EPA Region VII was notified of this change. The Laboratory's RCRA hazardous waste management program was inspected by EPA Region VII in April 2006. There were no notices of violations. The inspector was impressed with the improvements of the Laboratory's waste management program over the past ten years. The Laboratory was in compliance with all applicable federal, state, local and DOE regulations and orders in 2010. There were no radiological air emissions or exposures to the general public due to Laboratory activities in 2010. See U.S. Department of Energy Air Emissions Annual Report in Appendix B. As indicated in prior SERs, pollution awareness, waste minimization and recycling programs have been in practice since 1990, with improvements implemented most recently in 2010. Included in these efforts were battery and CRT recycling, miscellaneous electronic office equipment, waste white paper and green computer paper-recycling and corrugated cardboard recycling. Ames Laboratory also recycles/reuses salvageable metal, used oil, foamed polystyrene peanuts, batteries, fluorescent lamps and telephone books. Ames Laboratory reported to DOE-Ames Site Office (AMSO), through the Laboratory's Performance Evaluation Measurement Plan, on its Affirmative Procurement Performance Measure. A performance level of 'A-' was achieved in 2010 for Integrated Safety, Health and Environmental Protection. As reported in Site Environmental Reports for prior years, the Laboratory's Environmental Management System (EMS) has been integrated into the Laboratory's Integrated Safety Management System since 2005. The integration of EMS into the way the Laboratory does business allows the Laboratory to systematically review, address and respond to the Laboratory's environmental impacts. The Laboratory's EMS was audited in April 2009 by DOE-CH. There were four 'Sufficiently in Conformity' findings as a result of the audit. All four findings were tracked in the Laboratory's corrective action database for completion. Beryllium was used routinely at Ames Laboratory in the 1940's and 1950's in processes developed for the production of highly pure uranium and thorium in support of the historic Manhattan Project. Laboratory metallurgists also worked on a process to produce pure beryllium metal from beryllium fluoride. In the early 1950's, beryllium oxide powder was used to produce shaped beryllium and crucibles. As a result of that work, beryllium contamination now exists in many interstitial spaces (e.g., utility chases) and ventilation systems in Wilhelm, Spedding and Metals Development buildings. Extensive characterization and remediation efforts have occurred in 2009 and 2010 in order to better understand the extent of the contamination. Analysis of extensive sampling data suggests that a fairly wide dispersion of beryllium occurred (most likely in the 1950's and 60's) in Wilhelm Hall and in certain areas of Spedding Hall and Metals Development. Area air-sampling results and work-area surface characterizations indicate the exposure potential to current workers, building visitors and the public remains extremely low. This information is now used to guide cleaning efforts and to provide worker protection during remodeling and maintenance activities. Results were shared with the DOE's Former Worker Program to support former worker medical test

Kayser, Dan

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

431

Difference in formation of hydrogen and helium clusters in tungsten K. O. E. Henriksson,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Difference in formation of hydrogen and helium clusters in tungsten K. O. E. Henriksson,a K online 12 October 2005 The experimentally observed large difference in the depths of hydrogen and helium and He embrittlement of materials. Yet many of the basic properties of such systems are not well

Krasheninnikov, Arkady V.

432

Analysis of noncircular fluid-filled boreholes in elastic formations using a perturbation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

underbalance drilling in the pres- ence of large tectonic stresses, can cause complex perturbationsAnalysis of noncircular fluid-filled boreholes in elastic formations using a perturbation model a perturbation model to obtain flexural mode dispersions of noncircular fluid-filled boreholes in homogeneous

Simsek, Ergun

433

Estimation of the equilibrium formation temperature in the presence of bore fluid invasion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the formation and borehole, and the dynamics of the circulating drilling fluid. Different...3 C on measured borehole temperatures. The...2; Fig. 2). Borehole temperatures were...disturbance from the drilling operations has fully...BHTs, a relatively large temperature difference......

Søren Erbs Poulsen; Søren Bom Nielsen; Niels Balling

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental ResearchEnvironmental ResearchEnvironmental Research Vasilis Fthenakis and Te from Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Manufacturing Scrap, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research

Homes, Christopher C.

435

Production of Large Quantities of Heavy Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concentrates of the new water are now produced on a large scale in Norway by Norsk Hydro-Elektrisk Kvælstofaktieselskab, Oslo. Large quantities of ‘1: 300-water’ can be ...

LEIF TRONSTAD

1934-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

436

Restoration of Large Damage Volumes in Polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Restoration of Large...regenerative power of tissues...synthetic system that restores...hours. After restoration of impact damage...tripodal ligand system based on the...Ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry...construction. Restoration of Large...

S. R. White; J. S. Moore; N. R. Sottos; B. P. Krull; W. A. Santa Cruz; R. C. R. Gergely

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

437

Simulations of pulsar wind formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present initial results of the first self-consistent numerical model of the outer magnetosphere of a pulsar. By using the relativistic ``particle-in-cell'' method with special boundary conditions to represent plasma dynamics in 3D, we are able to follow magnetospheric plasma through the light cylinder into the wind zone for arbitrary magnetic inclination angles. For aligned rotators we confirm the ``disk-dome'' charge-separated structure of the magnetosphere and find that this configuration is unstable to a 3D nonaxisymmetric diocotron instability. This instability allows plasma to move across the field lines and approach the corotating Goldreich-Julian solution within several rotation periods. For oblique rotators formation of the spiral ``striped wind'' in the equatorial direction is demonstrated and the acceleration of the wind and its magnetization is discussed. We find that the wind properties vary with stellar latitude; however, whether injection conditions at the pulsar are responsible for the observed jet-equator geometry of Crab and Vela is currently under investigation. We also comment on the electrodynamics of the simulated magnetospheres, their current closure, and future simulations.

Anatoly Spitkovsky; Jonathan Arons

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

438

Calculations in support of a potential definition of large release  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has stated a hierarchy of safety goals with the qualitative safety goals as Level I of the hierarchy, backed up by the quantitative health objectives as Level II and the large release guideline as Level III. The large release guideline has been stated in qualitative terms as a magnitude of release of the core inventory whose frequency should not exceed 10{sup -6} per reactor year. However, the Commission did not provide a quantitative specification of a large release. This report describes various specifications of a large release and focuses, in particular, on an examination of releases which have a potential to lead to one prompt fatality in the mean. The basic information required to set up the calculations was derived from the simplified source terms which were obtained from approximations of the NUREG-1150 source terms. Since the calculation of consequences is affected by a large number of assumptions, a generic site with a (conservatively determined) population density and meteorology was specified. At this site, various emergency responses (including no response) were assumed based on information derived from earlier studies. For each of the emergency response assumptions, a set of calculations were performed with the simplified source terms; these included adjustments to the source terms, such as the timing of the release, the core inventory, and the release fractions of different radionuclides, to arrive at a result of one mean prompt fatality in each case. Each of the source terms, so defined, has the potential to be a candidate for a large release. The calculations show that there are many possible candidate source terms for a large release depending on the characteristics which are felt to be important.

Hanson, A.L.; Davis, R.E.; Mubayi, V.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Depositional environment of Lower Permian Stone Corral Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lower Permian Stone Corral Formation is a 5-8 ft thick unit of dolomitic limestone and shale in a sequence of red beds that crops out in south-central Kansas. It forms a good stratigraphic marker bed in the subsurface, where it consists mainly of anhydrite (the Cimmaron anhydrite) up to 100 ft thick. At outcrop, the formation is weathered and consists of 2 interfingering facies - a crinoidal-echinoidal grainstone (in the north) and a laminated mudstone (in the south). Both the grainstone and mudstone exhibit diagenetic alteration. The grainstone is composed of well-rounded allochems of crinoid and echinoid fragments with scattered ooids, sponge spicules, peloids, and possible foraminifers and ostracods. Layers of sponge spicules alternate with peloid or ooid layers. The mudstone facies has a clotted texture and has laminations defined by the occurrence of fenestral fabric and peloids. Dolomite occurring in the Stone Corral Formation is of secondary origin. The grainstone is interpreted as being lagoonal in origin, whereas the mudstone facies is interpreted as supratidal. The grumous (clotted) texture may indicate phreatic diagenesis. The absence of anhydrite on outcrop, where it was presumably leached by surface waters leaving the less soluble dolomite, is additional evidence for a regional disconformity above the unit on the eastern side of a large, shallow, evaporitic basin.

Hylton, A.K.; Merriam, D.F.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

PHMC Year 2000 handbook: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PHMC [Project Hanford Management Contract] Year 2000 Project involves the effective cooperation and participation of the Year 2000 Project Office, FDH Project Direction, FDH Chief Information Officer, major subcontractors and DynCorp. The primary responsibilities of the Year 2000 Project Office is to develop and facilitate a Year 2000 approach, provide an awareness program, report status, and perform compliance assurance reviews. The primary responsibility of the FDH Project Directors is to direct the major subcontractors, and DynCorp toward the successful completion of Year 2000 activities.

Layfield, K.A.

1998-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ON MOLECULAR HYDROGEN FORMATION AND THE MAGNETOHYDROSTATIC EQUILIBRIUM OF SUNSPOTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the problem of sunspot magnetohydrostatic equilibrium with comprehensive IR sunspot magnetic field survey observations of the highly sensitive Fe I lines at 15650 A and nearby OH lines. We have found that some sunspots show isothermal increases in umbral magnetic field strength which cannot be explained by the simplified sunspot model with a single-component ideal gas atmosphere assumed in previous investigations. Large sunspots universally display nonlinear increases in magnetic pressure over temperature, while small sunspots and pores display linear behavior. The formation of molecules provides a mechanism for isothermal concentration of the umbral magnetic field, and we propose that this may explain the observed rapid increase in umbral magnetic field strength relative to temperature. Existing multi-component sunspot atmospheric models predict that a significant amount of molecular hydrogen (H{sub 2}) exists in the sunspot umbra. The formation of H{sub 2} can significantly alter the thermodynamic properties of the sunspot atmosphere and may play a significant role in sunspot evolution. In addition to the survey observations, we have performed detailed chemical equilibrium calculations with full consideration of radiative transfer effects to establish OH as a proxy for H{sub 2}, and demonstrate that a significant population of H{sub 2} exists in the coolest regions of large sunspots.

Jaeggli, S. A.; Lin, H. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Uitenbroek, H. [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, P.O. Box 62, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Radio Astronomy with Very Large Arrray  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...construction of the Very Large Array of radio telk...role of the Very Large Array in c research...control building. atmosphere is transpi mainly...their wave-00. Large optical V,Iu...radia-tion to the area ofthe sky covered...Neutral H: 1420.4 MHz H, He, and so on...

R. M. Hjellming; R. C. Bignell

1982-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

443

Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?

T. M. Malm

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

444

Formation characteristics of PCDD and PCDF during pyrolysis processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, pyrolysis processes have become technologies developed to industrial scale and discussed as alternatives to the existing waste combustion technology. However, little information is published regarding PCDD/F formation characteristics during pyrolysis processes. Two common shredder fractions – industrial light shredder (ILS) and refrigerators (REF) – both with high chlorine and copper content were pyrolysed for this pyrolysis study using a pilot plant with a capacity of 100 kg/h. At oxygen concentrations below 2% and temperatures between 430°C and 470°C, considerable amounts of PCDD/F were formed during the pyrolysis. More than 90% of total TEQ was found in the oil fraction (gas phase). The PCDD/PCDF ratio and the homologue pattern differed significantly from those formed during waste incineration. Considering mono- to octachlorinated congeners, up to 400 times more PCDF were formed compared to PCDD. For the investigated pyrolysis conditions, the formation of low chlorinated congeners was highly favoured. The distribution of TEQ within the individual congeners were very similar in all investigated runs. More than 80% of total TEQ stem from 2,3,7,8-substituted T4CDF and P5CDF. The isomer pattern, however, did not show significant differences compared to the common waste incineration pattern suggesting that the basic formation routes are similar.

Roland Weber; Takeshi Sakurai

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Star Formation in Space and Time: Taurus-Auriga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To understand the formation of stellar groups, one must first document carefully the birth pattern within real clusters and associations. In this study of Taurus-Auriga, we combine pre-main-sequence ages from our own evolutionary tracks with stellar positions from observational surveys. Aided by the extensive, millimeter data on the molecular clouds, we develop a picture of the region's history. Star formation began, at a relatively low level and in a spatially diffuse manner, at least 10 Myr in the past. Within the last few million years, new stars have been produced at an accelerating rate, almost exclusively within a confined group of striated cloud filaments. The gas both inside and around the filaments appears to be in force balance. Thus, the appearance of the filaments is due to global, quasi-static contraction of the parent cloud material. Gravity drives this contraction and shock dissipation mediates it, but the internal motion of the gas does not appear to be turbulent. The accelerating nature of recent star formation means that the condensation of cloud cores is a threshold phenomenon, requiring a minimum background density. Other, nearby cloud regions, including Lupus and Chamaeleon, contain some locales that have attained this density, and others that have not. In the latter, we find extensive and sometimes massive molecular gas that is still devoid of young stars.

Francesco Palla; Steven W. Stahler

2002-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

446

Energy Department Awards $66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon 66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Energy Department Awards $66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project December 18, 2007 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of One Million Tons of CO2 at Illinois Site WASHINGTON, DC - Following closely on the heels of three recent awards through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, DOE today awarded $66.7 million to the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) for the Department's fourth large-scale carbon sequestration project. The Partnership led by the Illinois State Geological Survey will conduct large volume tests in the Illinois Basin to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to

447

First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances April 6, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Drilling nears completion for the first large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) injection well in the United States for CO2 sequestration. This project will be used to demonstrate that CO2 emitted from industrial sources - such as coal-fired power plants - can be stored in deep geologic formations to mitigate large quantities of greenhouse gas emissions. The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) hosted an event April 6 for a CO2 injection test at their Decatur, Ill. ethanol facility. The injection well is being drilled into the Mount Simon Sandstone to a depth more than a mile beneath the surface. This is the first drilling into the sandstone geology

448

FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR SUBMISSIONS OF  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0: Computational Physics-Computer Science and Methods 0: Computational Physics-Computer Science and Methods A Phenomenological Model of Solid Fracture Kinetics under Pulsed Loading S. S. Sokolov Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All-Russia Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF), 607190 Sarov, Mira- 37, Russia Summary: This paper describes a phenomenological model of dynamic fracture kinetics including plastic pore growth and plastic fracture damage. Introduction The problem of fracture is critical for the development of structures that undergo intense pulsed loading during operation. Dynamic strain of elastoplastic materials may cause a large number of microdefects of different types. Separate numerical description of each microdefect when considering pulsed loading of a real full-size structure is quite a complex problem. The complexity of the problem is that fracture

449

EXFOR BASICS A SHORT GUIDE TO THE NEUTRON REACTION DATA EXCHANGE FORMAT.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manual is intended as a guide to users of nuclear reaction data compiled in the EXFOR format, and is not intended as a complete guide to the EXFOR System. EXFOR is the exchange format designed to allow transmission of nuclear reaction data between the Nuclear Reaction Data Centers. In addition to storing the data and its' bibliographic information, experimental information is also compiled. The status (e.g., the source of the data) and history (e.g., date of last update) of the data set is also included. EXFOR is designed for flexibility in order to meet the diverse needs of the nuclear reaction data centers. It was originally conceived for the exchange of neutron data and was developed through discussions among personnel from centers situated in Saclay, Vienna, Livermore and Brookhaven. It was accepted as the official exchange format of the neutron data centers at Saclay, Vienna, Brookhaven and Obninsk, at a meeting held in November 1969.3 As a result of two meetings held in 1975 and 1976 and attended by several charged-particle data centers, the format was further developed and adapted to cover all nuclear reaction data. The exchange format should not be confused with a center-to-user format. Although users may obtain data from the centers in the EXFOR format, other center-to-user formats have been developed to meet the needs of the users within each center's own sphere of responsibility. The EXFOR format, as outlined, allows a large variety of numerical data tables with explanatory and bibliographic information to be transmitted in a format: l that is machine-readable (for checking and indicating possible errors); l that can be read by personnel (for passing judgment on and correcting errors). The data presently included in the EXFOR exchange file include: a complete compilation of experimental neutron-induced reaction data, a selected compilation of charged-particle-induced reaction data, a selected compilation of photon-induced reaction data.

MCLANE,V.; NUCLEAR DATA CENTER NETWORK

2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

450

EXFOR BASICS A SHORT GUIDE TO THE NEUTRON REACTION DATA EXCHANGE FORMAT.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manual is intended as a guide to users of nuclear reaction data compiled in the EXFOR format, and is not intended as a complete guide to the EXFOR System. EXFOR is the exchange format designed to allow transmission of nuclear reaction data between the Nuclear Reaction Data Centers. In addition to storing the data and its' bibliographic information, experimental information is also compiled. The status (e.g., the source of the data) and history (e.g., date of last update) of the data set is also included. EXFOR is designed for flexibility in order to meet the diverse needs of the nuclear reaction data centers. It was originally conceived for the exchange of neutron data and was developed through discussions among personnel from centers situated in Saclay, Vienna, Livermore and Brookhaven. It was accepted as the official exchange format of the neutron data centers at Saclay, Vienna, Brookhaven and Obninsk, at a meeting held in November 1969. As a result of two meetings held in 1975 and 1976 and attended by several charged-particle data centers, the format was further developed and adapted to cover all nuclear reaction data. The exchange format should not be confused with a center-to-user format. Although users may obtain data from the centers in the EXFOR format, other center-to-user formats have been developed to meet the needs of the users within each center's own sphere of responsibility. The EXFOR format, as outlined, allows a large variety of numerical data tables with explanatory and bibliographic information to be transmitted in a format: that is machine-readable (for checking and indicating possible errors); that can be read by personnel (for passing judgment on and correcting errors). The data presently included in the EXFOR exchange file include: a complete compilation of experimental neutron-induced reaction data, a selected compilation of charged-particle-induced reaction data, a selected compilation of photon-induced reaction data.

MCLANE,V.; NUCLEAR DATA CENTER NETWORK

2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

451

Formation of the first oxidized iron in the solar system Lawrence GROSSMAN1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formation of the first oxidized iron in the solar system Lawrence GROSSMAN1,2 , Alexei V. FEDKIN1 the first solid form of FeO appeared in the solar system. HIGH-TEMPERATURE CONDENSATION OF FEO years, and systems enriched in water by a factor of ten relative to solar composition, 1 lm radius

Grossman, Lawrence

452

Absorption and elimination of formate following oral administration of calcium formate in female human subjects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Published abstract: Calcium formate is a water-soluble salt of an essential mineral nutrient with potential for use as a dietary calcium supplement. Formate ion is a product of endogenous and xenobiotic metabolism, but ...

Hanzlik, Robert P.; Fowler, S. C.; Eells, J. T.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The dark side of galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...formation. | I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...rsta.2002.1088 The dark side of galaxy formation...October 2002 I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...Galaxy which creates the dark lanes in our view of...schematic of the spectral energy distribution of a luminous...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Bridge MBA ProgrAM Program Format  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridge MBA ProgrAM Program Format Program Duration 12 months Program Format Cohort (lockstep) Class Requirements · Application Form and $55 fee. · Resume · Essay outlining why you wish to join the Bridge MBA program, and how you expect the Bridge to aid your future job search (500 words or less) · Official

Carter, John

455

Formation of $??$ atoms in $K_{?4} decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the decay rate of $\\pi\\mu$ atom formation in $K_{\\mu 4}$ decay. Using the obtained expressions we calculate the decay rate of atom formation and point out that considered decay can give a noticeable contribution as a background to the fundamental decay $K^+\\to \\pi^+\

S. R. Gevorkyan; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Star Formation History of NGC 6822  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Images of five fields in the Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 6822 obtained with the {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} in the F555W and F814W filters are presented. Photometry for the stars in these images was extracted using the Point-Spread-Function fitting program HSTPHOT/MULTIPHOT. The resulting color-magnitude diagrams reach down to $V\\approx26$, a level well below the red clump, and were used to solve quantitatively for the star formation history of NGC 6822. Assuming that stars began forming in this galaxy from low-metallicity gas and that there is little variation in the metallicity at each age, the distribution of stars along the red giant branch is best fit with star formation beginning in NGC 6822 12-15 Gyr ago. The best-fitting star formation histories for the old and intermediate age stars are similar among the five fields and show a constant or somewhat increasing star formation rate from 15 Gyr ago to the present except for a possible dip in the star formation rate from 3 to 5 Gyr ago. The main differences among the five fields are in the higher overall star formation rate per area in the bar fields as well as in the ratio of the recent star formation rate to the average past rate. These variations in the recent star formation rate imply that stars formed within the past 0.6 Gyr are not spatially very well mixed throughout the galaxy.

Ted K. Wyder

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Tafel Musik: Formatting algorithm of tables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a description on the formatting algorithm of tables that the authors have developed. This algorithm is an important component of the so called TafeMusik (Tafel Musik) environment. TafeMusikprovides the user with an environment to ... Keywords: First-fit algorithm, Linear programming, Optimization, Tables, Tabular formatting, Tabular layout

K. -H. Shin; K. Kobayashi; A. Suzuki

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Methods for forming wellbores in heated formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming a wellbore in a heated formation includes flowing liquid cooling fluid to a bottom hole assembly in a wellbore in a heated formation. At least a portion of the liquid cooling fluid is vaporized at or near a region to be cooled. Vaporizing the liquid cooling fluid absorbs heat from the region to be cooled.

Guimerans, Rosalvina Ramona; Mansure, Arthur James

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

459

Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grtice J. Vincent Le logiciel Tigre en formation PLC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grétice J. Vincent Le logiciel « Tigre » en formation PLC J. Vincent Le;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 2 Grétice J. Vincent 1.1. La lecture Voici l'écran d;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 3 Grétice J. Vincent Figure 3 1.2. La démonstration Voici l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Conclusions after eleven years of studying brine at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) was established to demonstrate the safe disposal of defense-generated transuranic waste in the United States. When excavations began at the WIPP in 1982, small brine seepages (weeps) were observed on the walls. WIPP performance assessment activities raised the concern that the brine could cause anoxic corrosion of metal in the waste storage drums and waste inventory, potentially producing large quantities of hydrogen gas, which would affect the long-term performance of Thee repository. Th WIPP Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program was developed to investigate the origins, hydraulic characteristics, extent, and composition of brine occurrences. The WIPP is excavated in the Salado Formation, which is bedded salt of Permian age. The sediments exposed in the excavations consist of clear halite and polyhalitic halite, halite containing clay, thin clay seams, and interbedded anhydrite layers. The clear halite beds contain little brine and are effectively impermeable. The clay within the salt and in the clay seams contains brine that is released to the excavations, although virtually all of the brine release occurs within the first few years of mining. Consequently, by the time the waste storage rooms at the WIPP are filled and sealed, most of the brine that can be derived from the clay will have evaporated. These is no observed evidence from the WIPP excavations that brine will seep into the working from the anhydrite beds. It has been postulated, however, that brine could seep through the underlying anhydrite Marker Bed 139 (MB139). Recently acquired data on the hydrologic properties of MB139 show that, even if flow through the anhydrite occurs, the brine released to the storage rooms could only corrode a small percentage of the susceptible metal in the repository.

Deal, D.E. [IT Corporation, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bills, R.A. [Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOE Research Projects to Examine Promising Geologic Formations for CO2  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research Projects to Examine Promising Geologic Formations for Research Projects to Examine Promising Geologic Formations for CO2 Storage DOE Research Projects to Examine Promising Geologic Formations for CO2 Storage September 16, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy today announced 11 projects valued at $75.5 million aimed at increasing scientific understanding about the potential of promising geologic formations to safely and permanently store carbon dioxide (CO2). View Project Details Funding for the projects includes $49.75 million from the 2009 American Reinvestment and Recovery Act and will result in substantial employment opportunities for local and regional organizations over the next three years while providing hands-on scientific experience for individuals looking to be employed in the carbon capture and storage (CCS) industry.

462

I/O Formats at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

I/O Formats I/O Formats I/O Formats Software I/O continues to be one of the main bottlenecks for scientific applications. Here are two software packages that many application developers use to manage input/output of heterogeneous types of binary application data used on many different platforms. HDF5 and NETCDF are both implemented on top of MPI-IO and have gained popularity as alternatives to basic POSIX API. HDF5 is a machine-independent and self-documenting file format. Each HDF5 file "looks" like a directory tree, with subdirectories, and leaf nodes that contain the actual data. This means that data can be found in a file by referring to its name, rather than its location in the file. NetCDF is a file format and support library developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

463

CO2 Sequestration in Basalt Formations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 SequeStratiOn in BaSalt FOrmatiOnS Background There is growing concern that buildup of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), in the atmosphere is contributing to global climate change. One option for mitigating this effect is to sequester CO 2 in geologic formations. Numerous site assessments for geologic sequestration of CO 2 have been conducted in virtually every region of the United States. For the most part, these studies have involved storing CO 2 in saline formation, deep coal seams, and depleted oil and gas reservoirs. Another option, however, is basalt formations. Basalt is a dark-colored, silica-rich, volcanic rock that contains cations-such as calcium, magnesium, and iron-that can combine with CO 2 to form carbonate minerals. Basalt formations have not received much

464

The First Billion Years of a Warm Dark Matter Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of cosmological N-body hydrodynamic chemistry simulations of primordial structure growth and evolution in a scenario with warm dark matter (WDM) having a mass of 3keV and compare with a model consisting of standard cold dark matter (CDM). We focus on the high-redshift universe ($z>6$), where the structure formation process should better reflect the primordial (linear) differences in terms of matter power spectrum. We find that early epochs are exceptional probes of the dark-matter nature. Non-linear CDM and WDM power spectra differ by up to 2 dex at early times and show spreads of factor of a few persisting in the whole first Gyr. Primordial WDM objects with masses $\\lesssim 10^8\\,\\rm M_\\odot$ are less abundant by $\\gtrsim 1\\,\\rm dex$, both in terms of dark matter and of baryon content. Runaway molecular cooling in primordial WDM mini-haloes results severely inhibited due to the damping of power at large $k$ modes. As a consequence, the cosmic (population III and II-I) star formation activi...

Maio, Umberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Hydrology and Hydraulic Properties of a Bedded Evaporite Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Permian Salado Formation in the Delaware Basin of New Mexico is an extensively studied evaporite deposit because it is the host formation for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, a repository for transuranic wastes. Geologic and hydrologic studies of the Salado conducted since the mid-1970's have led to the development of a conceptual model of the hydrogeology of the formation that involves far-field permeability in anhydrite layers and at least some impure halite layers. Pure halite layers and some impure halite layers may not possess an interconnected pore network adequate to provide permeability. Pore pressures are probably very close to lithostatic pressure. In the near field around an excavation, dilation, creep, and shear have created and/or enhanced permeability and decreased pore pressure. Whether flow occurs in the far field under natural gradients or only after some threshold gradient is reached is unknown. If far-field flow does occur, mean pore velocities are probably on the order of a meter per hundreds of thousands to tens of millions of years. Flow dimensions inferred from most hydraulic-test responses are subradial, which is believed to reflect channeling of flow through fracture networks, or portions of fractures, that occupy a diminishing proportion of the radially available space, or through percolation networks that are not ''saturated'' (fully interconnected). This is probably related to the directional nature of the permeability created or enhanced by excavation effects. Inferred values of permeability cannot be separated from their associated flow dimensions. Therefore, numerical models of flow and transport should include heterogeneity that is structured to provide the same flow dimensions as are observed in hydraulic tests. Modeling of the Salado Formation around the WIPP repository should also include coupling between hydraulic properties and the evolving stress field because hydraulic properties change as the stress field changes.

BEAUHEIM,RICHARD L.; ROBERTS,RANDALL M.

2000-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

Sensitivity Analysis of Ozone Formation and Transport for a Central  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensitivity Analysis of Ozone Formation and Transport for a Central Sensitivity Analysis of Ozone Formation and Transport for a Central California Air Pollution Episode Title Sensitivity Analysis of Ozone Formation and Transport for a Central California Air Pollution Episode Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Jin, Ling, Shaheen R. Tonse, Daniel S. Cohan, Xianglei Mao, Robert A. Harley, and Nancy J. Brown Journal Environmental Science & Technology Volume 42 Start Page 3683 Issue 10 Pagination 3683-3689 Date Published 05/2008 Abstract We developed a first- and second-order sensitivity analysis approach with the decoupled direct method to examine spatial and temporal variations of ozone-limiting reagents and the importance of local vs upwind emission sources in the San Joaquin Valley of central California for a 5 day ozone episode (Jul 29th to Aug 3rd, 2000). Despite considerable spatial variations, nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission reductions are overall more effective than volatile organic compound (VOC) control for attaining the 8 h ozone standard in this region for this episode, in contrast to the VOC control that works better for attaining the prior 1 h ozone standard. Interbasin source contributions of NOx emissions are limited to the northern part of the SJV, while anthropogenic VOC (AVOC) emissions, especially those emitted at night, influence ozone formation in the SJV further downwind. Among model input parameters studied here, uncertainties in emissions of NOx and AVOC, and the rate coefficient of the OH + NO2 termination reaction, have the greatest effect on first-order ozone responses to changes in NOx emissions. Uncertainties in biogenic VOC emissions only have a modest effect because they are generally not collocated with anthropogenic sources in this region.

467

Conceptual study of thermal stimulation in shale gas formations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Shale gas formations have become a major source of energy in recent years. Developments in hydraulic fracturing technology have made these reservoirs more accessible and productive. Apart from other dissimilarities from conventional gas reservoirs, one major difference is that a considerable amount of gas produced from these shale gas formations comes from desorption. Up to 85% of the total gas within shale can be found as an adsorbed phase on clay and kerogen, so how much adsorbed gas can be produced will have significant impact on ultimate gas recovery. The Langmuir isotherm has been widely used in industry to describe the pressure dependence of adsorbed gas. However, temperature dependent adsorption behavior and its major implications for evaluating thermal stimulation as a recovery method for shale reservoirs have not been thoroughly explored. Therefore, in order to design and analyze the thermal treatment of shale gas formations successfully, it is crucial to understand the effects of fracture heating on the shale gas adsorption and desorption phenomenon, and how can we exploit such effects to enhance shale gas recovery from hydraulically fractured reservoirs. Even though numerous research efforts have been focused on thermal recovery of shale oil, its possible application to shale gas has not been investigated. In this research, we propose a method to evaluate desorbed gas as a function of pressure and temperature in shale formations, by regression of a Bi-Langmuir model on Langmuir isotherm data. We have developed a fully coupled unconventional reservoir simulator, which is capable of capturing real gas flow in the shale matrix and in the hydraulic fracture by accounting for the effects of gas desorption and diffusion, as well as the temperature diffusion process within the matrix. This simulator enables us to investigate the effects of fracture heating on the shale gas desorption phenomenon on the global well performance and recovery. The results of this study show, for the first time in a rigorous way, that by increasing the temperature within the fracture, shale gas recovery can be improved. We have rationalized and quantified relations between the adsorption/desorption fundamental phenomena and stimulation temperature, fracture spacing, reservoir permeability and bottom hole pressure. The thermal properties of shale formations only have limited impacts on long term production. The results of this study can provide a guidance to develop a strategy to design thermal treatment in hydraulically fractured shale formations and propose the degree of thermal stimulation temperature required in a fracture to promote an economically viable return on production.

HanYi Wang; Omobola Ajao; Michael J. Economides

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Two years with the Higgs boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent results of the Standard Model Higgs boson searches at the ATLAS and CMS experiments at Large Hadron Collider at CERN are presented.

Tsukerman, Ilya; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

DOE/EIA-0304 Survey of Large Combustors:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

304 304 Survey of Large Combustors: Report on Alternative- Fuel Burning Capabilities of Large Boilers in 1979 U.S. Department of Energy Energy information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use Energy End Use Division Introduction During recent years, total annual industrial energy consumption in the United States has been approximated at 25 to 26 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu).^- Manufacturin g is by far the largest components totaling 12.9 quadrillion Btu of purchased fuels and electricity for heat and power during 1979.2 QJ this amount, 10.5 quadrillion Btu was accounted for by purchased fuels alone (e.g., fuel oil, coal, natural gas, etc.). Other than fuel consumption by type and industrial classificati on, very little information existed on specific fuel consumption characterist

470

Large coil task instrumentation and diagnostics: A review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Large Coil Task (LCT) was to develop large toroidal superconducting magnets for fusion reactors. Each of the six coils built for this task was heavily instrumented with some 200 to 400 sensors and diagnostic voltage taps to test its performance and characteristics. In addition, more than a thousand sensors were installed in the facility and test-stand components to ensure safe and controlled operation. Through the three-year test period, some sensors worked consistently, some failed prematurely, some constantly gave useful information, some were rarely used, and others were vital in a particular test mode. This paper reviews the various type of thermometers, pressure transducers, flowmeters, strain gages, displacement transducers, acoustic emission sensors, field probes, and other diagnostic instrumentation used in LCT. The usefulness of the sensors, the difficulties with some of them, and the reliability of different groups of sensors in this task are described. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

Lue, J.W.; Ellis, J.F.; Fietz, W.A.; Lubell, M.S.; Luton, J.N.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Wilson, C.T.; Wintenberg, R.E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

FTCP Annual Report- Calendar Year 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FTCP Annual Report summarizes the yearly actions taken to ensure organizations maintain their critical technical capabilities needed for the safe operations of defense nuclear facilities.

472

FTCP Annual Report- Calendar Year 2007  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report summarizes the yearly actions taken to ensure organizations maintain their critical technical capabilities needed for the safe operations of defense nuclear facilities.

473

,"Year",,"Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Region, 1990 through 2004 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Year",,"Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous...

474

Classification CommuniQué- Year: 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Classification newsletters for the year 2013, consisting of the following issues: CommuniQué 2013-1 - Spring 2013 CommuniQué 2013-2 - Fall 2013

475

Ten Years of Public Acceptance in Transports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses ten years of public acceptance experience in transports for Europe and coastal states between France and Japan and examples of Central and South America.

Guais, J.C.; Neau, H.J.

2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

476

NREL Technology Partnerships: Fiscal Year 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in duration. NREL TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIPS: FISCAL YEAR 2014 The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) works with hundreds of partners within industry, government,...

477

Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request Briefing  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

- Courtesy of Enel Green Power - North America Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request Briefing March 13, 2012 Change photo Glass Buttes, OR (DOE) Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy...

478

PHMC Year 2000: Status reporting for mission essential Year 2000 projects. Volume 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PHMC (Project Hanford Management Contract) Year 2000 status reporting process is designed to encompass the reporting requirements of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), DOE HQ, RL and the PHMC team for mission essential Year 2000 projects. Status reporting is required for all mission essential Year 2000 projects until each Year 2000 project has completed the compliance assurance process.

Layfield, K.A.

1998-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

479

Human Cytomegalovirus UL97 Kinase Activity Is Required for the Hyperphosphorylation of Retinoblastoma Protein and Inhibits the Formation of Nuclear Aggresomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Inhibits the Formation of Nuclear Aggresomes Published ahead...kinase activity produce large nuclear aggregates that sequester considerable...algorithm was run on each of the datasets against a combined database...IE1. An investigation into nuclear aggregate formation was undertaken...

Mark N. Prichard; Elizabeth Sztul; Shannon L. Daily; Amie L. Perry; Samuel L. Frederick; Rachel B. Gill; Caroll B. Hartline; Daniel N. Streblow; Susan M. Varnum; Richard D. Smith; Earl R. Kern

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

480

Sun Also Rises: Planning for Large-Scale Solar Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind, solar, and other renewable energy are an important part of any present-day energy. The portion of energy they supply will certainly be increasing over the next few years. Arguably, large-scale wind power has reached technological maturity, and with more than 100 GW of capacity, ample experience exists on integrating wind systems. Solar technologies, on the other hand, are emerging, and substantial R&D investments are being made to achieve parity with retail electricity costs in the near future. As this happens, annual capacity additions of solar power will become significant.

Bebic, J.; Walling, R.; O'Brien, K.; Kroposki, B.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "year format large" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Very Large Hadron Collider: The farthest energy frontier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Very Large Hadron Collider (or Eloisatron) represents what may well be the final step on the energy frontier of accelerator-based high energy physics. While an extremely high luminosity proton collider at 100-200 TeV center of mass energy can probably be built in one step with LHC technology, that machine would cost more than what is presently politically acceptable. This talk summarizes the strategies of collider design including staged deployment, comparison with electron-positron colliders, opportunities for major innovation, and the technical challenges of reducing costs to manageable proportions. It also presents the priorities for relevant R and D for the next few years.

Barletta, William A.

2001-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

482

CONSOLIDATION OF K BASIN SLUDGE DATA AND EXPERIENCES ON AGGLOMERATE FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of high sludge strength agglomerates is a key concern to the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) to ensure the sludge can be retrieved after planned storage for up to 10 years in Sludge Transport and Storage Containers (STSC) at T Plant. This report addresses observations of agglomerate formation, conditions that the data shows lead to agglomeration, the frequency of agglomerate formation and postulated physiochemical mechanisms that may lead to agglomeration. Although the exact underlying chemistry of K Basin sludge agglomerate formation is not known, the factors that lead to agglomeration formation, based on observations, are as follows: (1) High Total Uranium Content (i.e., sample homogeneity and influence from other constituents); (2) Distribution of Uranium Phases (i.e., extent of conversion from uraninite to uranium oxide hydroxide compounds); (3) Sample Dry-out (loss of cover water); (4) Elevated temperature; (5) Solubility ofU(IV) phases vs. U(VI) phases; and (6) Long storage times. Agglomerated sludge has occurred infrequently and has only been observed in four laboratory samples, five samples subjected to hydrothermal testing (performed for 7 to 10 hours at {approx}185 C and 225 psig), and indirectly during six sampling events in the KE Basin. In the four laboratory samples where agglomerates were observed, the agglomerates exhibited high shear strength and the sample container typically had to be broken to remove the solids. The total uranium content (dry basis) for the four samples (KE Pit, KC-2/3 SS, KC-2/3 M250 and 96-13) were {approx}8 wt%, {approx}59.0 wt%, 68.3 wt% and 82 wt%. The agglomerates that were present during the six sampling events were undoubtedly disturbed and easily broken apart during sample collection, thus no agglomerates were observed in subsequent laboratory analyses. The highest shear strengths measured for K Basin sludge samples were obtained after hydrothermal treatment (7 to 10 hr at 185 C) of high-uranium-content KE canister sludge. The unconfined compressive strength of samples from this testing, measured by a pocket penetrometer, infers that their shear strength may be between 120 kPa and 170 kPa (PNNL-16496). These short-duration hydrothermal tests were conducted at temperatures much greater than the temperature of the T Plant canyon cells (-7 C to 33 C); however, the strength results provide an initial bounding target for sludge stored for many years, and an upper range for simulants (042910-53451-TP02 Rev 1). Sampling and characterization activities conducted in 2009 have measured the total uranium content and speciation for sludge stored in Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260 (PNNL-19035). Based on on-going testing that has measured the shear strength of uranium samples containing varying uranium (IV) to uranium (VI) ratios and the characterization of the Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260, it is unlikely that agglomerates will form on a large scale in this sludge. The highest measured total uranium concentration in the Engineered Container SCS-CON-220 sludge is 35.2 wt% and only 4 wt% to 6 wt% (dry) in Engineered Containers SCS-CON -240, -250, and -260. The uranium concentrations in Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260 sludge are below the threshold for agglomerate formation. Settler sludge however is estimated to contain {approx} 80 wt% (dry) total uranium, which could lead to the formation of high strength agglomerates depending on the relative concentrations of U(IV) and U(VI) compounds. One of the chief concerns of the STP is sludge dry-out. Samples archived in PNNL hot cells have been known to dry out and form hard clods of material, which are then difficult to reconstitute (HNF-6705). In 1996, all but one of the samples archived at the 222-S Laboratory dried out. These samples were composed of sludge collected from the KE Basin floor and Weasel Pit. However, in the STP's current design plans for sludge stored in STSCs at T Plant, there are provisions for continual water level observation and periodic

HILL SR

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

EXFOR basics: A short guide to the nuclear reaction data exchange format  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manual is intended as a guide to users of nuclear reaction data compiled in the EXFOR format, and is not intended as a complete guide to the EXFOR System. EXFOR is the exchange format designed to allow transmission of nuclear data between the Nuclear Reaction Data Centers. In addition to storing the data and its` bibliographic information, experimental information, including source of uncertainties, is also compiled. The status and history of the data set is also included, e.g., the source of the data, any updates which have been made, and correlations to other data sets. EXFOR is designed for flexibility in order to meet the diverse needs of the nuclear data compilation centers. This format should not be confused with a center-to-user format. Although users may obtain data from the centers in the EXFOR format, other center-to-user formats have been developed to meet the needs of the users within each center`s own sphere of responsibility. The exchange format, as outlined, allows a large variety of numerical data tables with explanatory and bibliographic information to be transmitted in an easily machine-readable format (for checking and indicating possible errors) and a format that can be read by personnel (for passing judgment on and correcting any errors indicated by the machine). The data presently included in the EXFOR exchange include: a complete compilation of experimental neutron-induced reaction data, a selected compilation of charged-particle induced reaction data, a selected compilation of photon-induced reaction data.

McLane, V.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Mild Catalytic methods for Alkyl-Alkyl Bond Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Overview of Research Goals and Accomplishments for the Period 07/01/06 – 06/30/07: Our overall research goal is to transform the rapidly emerging synthetic chemistry involving alkyl-alkyl cross-couplings into more of a mechanism-based field so that that new, rationally-designed catalysts can be performed under energy efficient conditions. Our specific objectives for the previous year were 1) to obtain a proper electronic description of an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and 2) to determine the effect of ligand structure on the rate, scope, selectivity, and functional group compatibility of C(sp3)-C(sp3) cross-coupling catalysis. We have completed both of these initial objectives and established a firm base for further studies. The specific significant achievements of the current grant period include: 1) we have performed magnetic and computational studies on (terpyridine)NiMe, an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross couplings, and have discovered that the unpaired electron resides heavily on the terpyridine ligand and that the proper electronic description of this nickel complex is a Ni(II)-methyl cation bound to a reduced terpyridine ligand; 2) we have for the first time shown that alkyl halide reduction by terpyridyl nickel catalysts is substantially ligand based; 3) we have shown by isotopic labeling studies that the active catalyst (terpyridine)NiMe is not produced via a mechanism that involves the formation of methyl radicals when (TMEDA)NiMe2 is used as the catalyst precursor; 4) we have performed an extensive ligand survey for the alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and have found that electronic factors only moderately influence reactivity in the terpyridine-based catalysis and that the most dramatic effects arise from steric and solubility factors; 5) we have found that the use of bis(dialkylphosphino)methanes as ligands for nickel does not produce active catalysts for cross-coupling but rather leads to bridging hydride complexes of varying geometries; 6) we have determined that the geometry of aforementioned bridging hydride complexes is largely determined by external forces such as hydrogen bonding interactions and crystal packing forces; 7) we have found that the rate of reductive elimination of alkane from a (pyridyl-2-pyrrolide)AuMe2 complex is severely inhibited due to the rigid geometry of the pyridyl-2-pyrrolide ligand; 8) we have prepared, structurally characterized, and explored the reactivity of 1-adamantylzinc reagents as model nucleophiles for sterically challenging alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions. The continued success of this work will lead to alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling catalysts with broad scope and selectivities. The work has potential to significantly impact science and technologies of interest to the DOE as the chemistry is focused on developing useful reactions using reagents that can be directly prepared from petroleum and natural gas feedstocks. Moreover, the developing synthetic chemistry can profoundly affect the way materials, fine chemicals, and drugs are made. Since the methodology we are developing can shorten existing synthetic protocols, proceed at room temperature, and operate under environmentally benign conditions, it can greatly reduce energy expenditures, especially considering the contribution of the chemical manufacturing field to the gross domestic product.

David A Vicic

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

485

Large-eddy simulations of scramjet engines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The main objective of this dissertation is to develop large-eddy simulation (LES) based computational tools for supersonic inlet and combustor design. In the recent past,… (more)

Koo, Heeseok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

100 years of history Queen's University Belfast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 years of history Queen's University Belfast School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Centenary 1912 - 2012 This site celebrates 100 years of electrical and mechanical engineering degrees in engineering and in engineering education. Prior to 1912 When the Queen's College Belfast was established

Martin, Ralph R.

487

Journal of Melittology: First year ‘abuzz’  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State University, 100 Campus Drive, Weatherford, Oklahoma 73096, USA (victorgonzab@gmail.com). This year, on the 11th of January, we celebrated the first anniversary of the Journal of Melittology (JoM). What many years earlier started as a dream...

Engel, Michael S.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Michener, Charles D.

2014-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

488

HIGHER EDUCATION TAX 42013 TAX YEAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGHER EDUCATION TAX BENEFITS 42013 TAX YEAR #12;2 The credit offsets what you pay for the first four years of higher education by reducing the amount of income tax you pay. In addition, the credit is more than you owe in taxes. Eligibility Requirements The full credit is available to individuals whose

Reif, John H.

489

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 ­ 2004 YEAR 00-01 Armstrong, R.A., F. Gilbes, R. Guerrero. Lopez, and F. Gilbes, 2000, "Apparent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Station", Ocean Optics XV, Monaco. Gilbes, F., and R.A. Armstrong, 2000, "Inherent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Series

Gilbes, Fernando

490

Hydrocarbon emissions from industrial release events in the Houston-Galveston area and their impact on ozone formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ambient measurements have shown that ozone formation in the Houston-Galveston area of Texas is frequently much more rapid than in other urban areas. One of the contributing factors is believed to be short-term episodic or “event” emissions from industrial facilities, particularly releases that contain significant mass fractions of highly reactive volatile organic compounds (HRVOCs). In this work, time series analyses are used to compare average annual flow rates for air pollutant emissions with those released during reported emission events. The results indicate that the magnitude and frequency of HRVOC event emissions are an important element in accurately reflecting ozone precursor emission patterns in the Houston-Galveston area, particularly in Harris, Brazoria, Galveston, and Chambers counties. More than 50% of the reported episodic (event) emissions of \\{HRVOCs\\} are ethene and approximately a third are propene; the remainders are isomers of butene and 1,3-butadiene. Most events last less than 24 h. The mass released in an event can vary from a few hundred to more than 100,000 lb, and the dominant type of industrial source is chemical manufacturers (SIC 2869). Daily emissions from a single facility can vary from annual average emissions by multiple orders of magnitude at a frequency of several times a year. Because there are so many facilities in the Houston-Galveston area, HRVOC emission variability of this magnitude can be expected daily, at some time and some location in the Houston-Galveston area. If the emission variability occurs at times and locations where atmospheric conditions are conducive to ozone formation, both ambient data and photochemical modeling indicate that industrial emission events can lead to elevated concentrations of ozone. Specifically, peak, area-wide ozone concentration can be increased by as much as 100 ppb for large HRVOC emission events.

Cynthia Folsom Murphy; David T. Allen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

From the Proton Synchroton to the Large Hadron Collider - 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The seminars will be held in the Main Auditorium with transmission to : Council Chamber, IT Auditorium, Prévessin BE Auditorium , Kjell Johnssen Auditorium in Building 30, Room 40-S2-A01, and via webcast. Confirmed Speakers include: Prof. Jack Steinberger, Dr. Guenther Plass, Prof. Emilio Picasso, Dr. Steve Myers, Prof. Carlo Rubbia, Prof. Burton Richter, Dr. Lyndon Evans, Prof. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Prof. Leon Lederman, Prof. Jim Cronin, Prof. Sheldon Glashow, Prof. Jerome Friedman, Prof. Frank Wilczek, Prof. Martinus Veltman, Prof. Gerardus 't Hooft, Prof. David Gross, Prof. Samuel Ting, Prof. Steven Weinberg (via teleconference) --- Contact: Directorate.Office@cern.ch

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

From the Proton Synchroton to the Large Hadron Collider - 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The seminars will be held in the Main Auditorium with transmission to : Council Chamber, IT Auditorium, Prévessin BE Auditorium , Kjell Johnssen Auditorium in Building 30, Room 40-S2-A01, and via webcast. Confirmed Speakers include: Prof. Jack Steinberger, Dr. Guenther Plass, Prof. Emilio Picasso, Dr. Steve Myers, Prof. Carlo Rubbia, Prof. Burton Richter, Dr. Lyndon Evans, Prof. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Prof. Leon Lederman, Prof. Jim Cronin, Prof. Sheldon Glashow, Prof. Jerome Friedman, Prof. Frank Wilczek, Prof. Martinus Veltman, Prof. Gerardus 't Hooft, Prof. David Gross, Prof. Samuel Ting, Prof. Steven Weinberg (via teleconference) --- Contact: Directorate.Office@cern.ch

None

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

493

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Year Constructed  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Constructed Year Constructed Year Constructed More than one-third (37 percent) of the floorspace in commercial buildings was constructed since 1980 and more than one-half (55 percent) after 1969 (Figure 1). Less than one-third of floorspace was constructed before 1960. Detailed tables Figure 1. Distribution of Floorspace by Year Constructed, 1999 Figure 1. Distribution of Floorspace by Year Constructed, 1999. If having trouble viewing this page, please contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Overall, relatively more buildings than floorspace were represented in the older age categories and more floorspace than buildings in the newer categories (see graphical comparison) because older buildings were smaller than more recently constructed buildings (Figure 2). Buildings constructed prior to 1960 were 11,700 square feet in size on average while those constructed after 1959 were 37 percent larger at 16,000 square feet per building.

494

Facility Representative of the Year Award  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REPRESENTATIVE OF THE YEAR AWARD PROGRAM REPRESENTATIVE OF THE YEAR AWARD PROGRAM OBJECTIVE The Facility Representative Award Program is a special award designed to recognize superior or exemplary service by a Facility Representative over a period of one year. This special award program has been established in accordance with the requirements of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 331.1C, Employee Performance Management and Recognition Program. FACILITY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE YEAR AWARD The Facility Representative of the Year Award is determined by a panel representing the Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer and managers from the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Office of Environmental Management (EM), the Office of Science (SC), and the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE). The Facility Representative Program Manager in

495

New Years Revolutions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Years Revolutions New Years Revolutions New Years Revolutions January 3, 2012 - 9:42am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Happy New Year to all you Energy Savers out there! Now that 2012 calendars are up and we (hopefully) remember to use '12 instead of '11 where necessary (does anyone write checks anymore?), it's time to think about the New Year's resolutions we made and are (hopefully again) still keeping. For instance... if you've been putting off getting an energy assessment of your home, why wait? Now is a good time to find out if you have cracks, leaks or other places where heat is escaping; you can start making your home more energy efficient today. Have you put off replacing your traditional light bulbs with energy efficient ones? Well, check out our page on lighting and get started! There

496

New Years Revolutions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Years Revolutions Years Revolutions New Years Revolutions January 3, 2012 - 9:42am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Happy New Year to all you Energy Savers out there! Now that 2012 calendars are up and we (hopefully) remember to use '12 instead of '11 where necessary (does anyone write checks anymore?), it's time to think about the New Year's resolutions we made and are (hopefully again) still keeping. For instance... if you've been putting off getting an energy assessment of your home, why wait? Now is a good time to find out if you have cracks, leaks or other places where heat is escaping; you can start making your home more energy efficient today. Have you put off replacing your traditional light bulbs with energy efficient ones? Well, check out our page on lighting and get started! There

497

Characterizing the formation of secondary organic aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organic aerosol is an important fraction of the fine particulate matter present in the atmosphere. This organic aerosol comes from a variety of sources; primary organic aerosol emitted directly from combustion process, and secondary aerosol formed in the atmosphere from condensable vapors. This secondary organic aerosol (SOA) can result from both anthropogenic and biogenic sources. In rural areas of the United States, organic aerosols can be a significant part of the aerosol load in the atmosphere. However, the extent to which gas-phase biogenic emissions contribute to this organic load is poorly understood. Such an understanding is crucial to properly apportion the effect of anthropogenic emissions in these rural areas that are sometimes dominated by biogenic sources. To help gain insight on the effect of biogenic emissions on particle concentrations in rural areas, we have been conducting a field measurement program at the University of California Blodgett Forest Research Facility. The field location includes has been used to acquire an extensive suite of measurements resulting in a rich data set, containing a combination of aerosol, organic, and nitrogenous species concentration and meteorological data with a long time record. The field location was established in 1997 by Allen Goldstein, a professor in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management at the University of California at Berkeley to study interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere. The Goldstein group focuses on measurements of concentrations and whole ecosystem biosphere-atmosphere fluxes for volatile organic compounds (VOC's), oxygenated volatile organic compounds (OVOC's), ozone, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy. Another important collaborator at the Blodgett field location is Ronald Cohen, a professor in the Chemistry Department at the University of California at Berkeley. At the Blodgett field location, his group his group performs measurements of the concentrations of important gas phase nitrogen compounds. Experiments have been ongoing at the Blodgett field site since the fall of 2000, and have included portions of the summer and fall of 2001, 2002, and 2003. Analysis of both the gas and particle phase data from the year 2000 show that the particle loading at the site correlates with both biogenic precursors emitted in the forest and anthropogenic precursors advected to the site from Sacramento and the Central Valley of California. Thus the particles at the site are affected by biogenic processing of anthropogenic emissions. Size distribution measurements show that the aerosol at the site has a geometric median diameter of approximately 100 nm. On many days, in the early afternoon, growth of nuclei mode particles (<20 nm) is also observed. These growth events tend to occur on days with lower average temperatures, but are observed throughout the summer. Analysis of the size resolved data for these growth events, combined with typical measured terpene emissions, show that the particle mass measured in these nuclei mode particles could come from oxidation products of biogenic emissions, and can serve as a significant route for SOA partitioning into the particle phase. During periods of each year, the effect of emissions for forest fires can be detected at the Blodgett field location. During the summer of 2002 emissions from the Biscuit fire, a large fire located in Southwest Oregon, was detected in the aerosol data. The results show that increases in particle scattering can be directly related to increased black carbon concentration and an appearance of a larger mode in the aerosol size distribution. These results show that emissions from fires can have significant impact on visibility over large distances. The results also reinforce the view that forest fires can be a significant source of black carbon in the atmosphere, which has important climate and visibility. Continuing work with the 2002 data set, particularly the combination of the aerosol and gas phase data, will continue to provide important information o

Lunden, Melissa; Black, Douglas; Brown, Nancy

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles Title Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-42414 Year of Publication 2001 Authors Modera, Mark P., Olivier Brzozowski, François Rémi Carrié, Darryl J. Dickerhoff, William W. Delp, William J. Fisk, Ronnen M. Levinson, and Duo Wang Journal Energy & Buildings Volume 34 Start Page Chapter Pagination 705-714 Abstract Electricity energy savings potential by eliminating air leakage from ducts in large commercial buildings is on the order of 10 kWh/m2 per year (1 kWh/ft2). We have tested, in two large commercial buildings, a new technology that simultaneously seals duct leaks and measures effective leakage area of ducts. The technology is based upon injecting a fog of aerosolized sealant particles into a pressurized duct system. In brief, this process involves blocking all of the intentional openings in a duct system (e.g., diffusers). Therefore, when the system is pressurized, the only place for the air carrying the aerosol particles to exit the system is through the leaks. The key to the technology is to keep the particles suspended within the airstream until they reach the leaks, and then to have them leave the airstream and deposit on the leak sites. The principal finding from this field study was that the aerosol technology is capable of sealing the leaks in a large commercial building duct system within a reasonable time frame. In the first building, 66% of the leakage area was sealed within 2.5 hours of injection, and in the second building 86% of the leakage area was sealed within 5 hours. We also found that the aerosol could be blown through the VAV boxes in the second building without impacting their calibrations or performance. Some remaining questions are (1) how to achieve sealing rates comparable to those experienced in smaller residential systems; and (2) what tightness level these ducts systems can be brought to by means of aerosol sealing.

499

Conclusions on 8 years operation of the LEP 4.5K refrigeration system at CERN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After 11 years of operation the Large Electron/Positron collider (LEP) was stopped in November 2000. Since 1993 a cryogenic system has been used to supply up to 72 superconducting (SC) cavity modules using four large liquid-helium refrigerators at 4.5 K. We review eight years of operation of one of the world’s largest helium cryogenic systems its evolution and cooling capacity availability correlated to the LEP increasing energy program. Failure statistics availability recovery time after breakdowns and reliability are analyzed and the most relevant problems encountered during the operation and their cure exposed. The operational organization is also briefly described.

N. Bangert; S. Claudet; Ph. Gayet; M. Sanmarti

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Process Opportunity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gas Hydrate Formation Process Gas Hydrate Formation Process Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research and licensing partners interested in implementing United States Non-provisional Patent Application entitled "Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Process." Disclosed in this application is a method and device for producing gas hydrates from a two-phase mixture of water and a hydrate forming gas such as methane (CH 4 ) or carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). The two-phase mixture is created in a mixing zone, which may be contained within the body of the spray nozzle. The two-phase mixture is subsequently sprayed into a reaction vessel, under pressure and temperature conditions suitable for gas hydrate formation. The reaction