National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for wti rising faster

  1. Sun-Sentinel South Florida consumer costs rising faster than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Sun-Sentinel South Florida consumer costs rising faster than the national average May 18, 2011|By Donna Gehrke-White, Sun Sentinel We are not imagining it: The cost of living has jumped in South Florida

  2. A Plan To Create A Sustainable Florida Keys The truth is that sea level is rising. In the last century, the sea has risen 8 inches in the Keys. It is projected to rise even faster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    A Plan To Create A Sustainable Florida Keys The truth is that sea level is rising. In the last emissions, energy use, water use and impactson the environment. After all, it's these beautiful and unique islands that we live on that draws us here and provides our quality of life. We want to ensure they last

  3. Faster Than Light?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Geroch

    2010-05-10

    It is argued that special relativity remains a viable physical theory even when there is permitted signals traveling faster than light.

  4. Faster than Light Quantum Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Y. Shiekh

    2008-04-05

    Faster than light communication might be possible using the collapse of the quantum wave-function without any accompanying paradoxes.

  5. Rising equity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burr, M.T.

    1992-09-01

    This article reports on the results of a financial rankings survey of the independent energy industry indicating that lenders and investors provided more than five billion dollars in capital for new, private power projects during the first six months of 1992. The topics of the article include rising equity requirements, corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, project finance investors, revenue bonds, project finance lenders for new projects, project finance lenders for restructurings, and project finance advisors.

  6. Rising Stars 2015 3 Rising Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastner, Marc A.

    such an esteemed group of women in computer science and electrical engineering. The Rising Stars program gives you part!" --Cynthia Barnhart Chancellor Ford Professor of Engineering Massachusetts Institute women in computer science and electrical engineering globally.You will help lead research, education

  7. Innovative Cathode Coating Enables Faster Battery Charging, Dischargin...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovative Cathode Coating Enables Faster Battery Charging, Discharging Technology available for licensing: Coating increases electrical conductivity of cathode materials Coating...

  8. Hot water can freeze faster than cold?!?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monwhea Jeng

    2005-12-29

    We review the Mpemba effect, where intially hot water freezes faster than initially cold water. While the effect appears impossible at first sight, it has been seen in numerous experiments, was reported on by Aristotle, Francis Bacon, and Descartes, and has been well-known as folklore around the world. It has a rich and fascinating history, which culminates in the dramatic story of the secondary school student, Erasto Mpemba, who reintroduced the effect to the twentieth century scientific community. The phenomenon, while simple to describe, is deceptively complex, and illustrates numerous important issues about the scientific method: the role of skepticism in scientific inquiry, the influence of theory on experiment and observation, the need for precision in the statement of a scientific hypothesis, and the nature of falsifiability. We survey proposed theoretical mechanisms for the Mpemba effect, and the results of modern experiments on the phenomenon. Studies of the observation that hot water pipes are more likely to burst than cold water pipes are also described.

  9. Fast Physics Testbed for the FASTER Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, W.; Liu, Y.; Hogan, R.; Neggers, R.; Jensen, M.; Fridlind, A.; Lin, Y.; Wolf, A.

    2010-03-15

    This poster describes the Fast Physics Testbed for the new FAst-physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER) project. The overall objective is to provide a convenient and comprehensive platform for fast turn-around model evaluation against ARM observations and to facilitate development of parameterizations for cloud-related fast processes represented in global climate models. The testbed features three major components: a single column model (SCM) testbed, an NWP-Testbed, and high-resolution modeling (HRM). The web-based SCM-Testbed features multiple SCMs from major climate modeling centers and aims to maximize the potential of SCM approach to enhance and accelerate the evaluation and improvement of fast physics parameterizations through continuous evaluation of existing and evolving models against historical as well as new/improved ARM and other complementary measurements. The NWP-Testbed aims to capitalize on the large pool of operational numerical weather prediction products. Continuous evaluations of NWP forecasts against observations at ARM sites are carried out to systematically identify the biases and skills of physical parameterizations under all weather conditions. The highresolution modeling (HRM) activities aim to simulate the fast processes at high resolution to aid in the understanding of the fast processes and their parameterizations. A four-tier HRM framework is established to augment the SCM- and NWP-Testbeds towards eventual improvement of the parameterizations.

  10. Ground potential rise monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Zachery Warren; Zevenbergen, Gary Allen

    2012-07-17

    A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and a voltage attenuator. The first electrode and the second electrode are both electrically connected to the voltage attenuator. A means for determining the presence of a dangerous ground potential is connected to the voltage attenuator. The device and method further comprises a means for enabling one or more alarms upon the detection of the dangerous ground potential. Preferably, a first transmitter/receiver is connected to the means for enabling one or more alarms. Preferably, a second transmitter/receiver, comprising a button, is electromagnetically connected to the first transmitter/receiver. Preferably, the means for determining the presence of a dangerous ground potential comprises a means for determining the true RMS voltage at the output of the voltage attenuator, a transient detector connected to the output of the voltage attenuator, or a combination thereof.

  11. Ground potential rise monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

    2012-04-03

    A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

  12. Trading accuracy for faster entity linking Kristy Hughes Joel Nothman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technologies University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia {khug2372@uni.,joel.nothman@,james.r.curran@}sydney.edu.au James R. Curran Abstract Named entity linking (NEL) can be applied to documents such as financial Hughes, Joel Nothman and James R. Curran. 2014. Trading accuracy for faster named entity linking

  13. Towards faster method search through static ecosystem analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    by augmenting the data available to the developer with information derived from the analysis of the ecosystemTowards faster method search through static ecosystem analysis Boris Spasojevi´c University of Bern from the same ecosystem ­ written in the same language and sharing dependencies. We implemented a proof

  14. Faster, More Effective Connection for Probabilistic Roadmaps \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Lucia K.

    Faster, More Effective Connection for Probabilistic Roadmaps \\Lambda Lucia K. Dale Guang Song Nancy attempting to improve the running times of prob­ abilistic roadmap motion planning methods (prms). We show) roadmap methods (prms), which have shown promising signs for solving high dimensional problems [1, 2, 3, 5

  15. Faster software for fast endomorphisms Billy Bob Brumley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Faster software for fast endomorphisms Billy Bob Brumley Department of Pervasive Computing Tampere software libraries. Furthermore, side-channel vulnerabilities, specifically cache- timing attacks, remain method are well understood, un- fortunately it has yet to find its way into elliptic curve software

  16. Bottlenecks aggravate rising construction costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-05-15

    Rising demand for power in developing countries combined with concerns about carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants in developed countries have created a bonanza for carbon-light technologies, including nuclear, renewables and natural gas plants. This, in turn, has put upward pressure on the price of natural gas in key markets while resulting in shortages in critical components for building renewables and nuclear reactors. Globalization of the power industry means that pressures in one segment or one region translate into shortages and rising prices everywhere else.

  17. The rise of "china threat" arguments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueki, Chikako

    2006-01-01

    The study seeks to explain the rise of "China threat" arguments in the United States and Japan in the 1990s by using three theories of states behavior- realism, organization theory, and democratic peace theory. The rise ...

  18. Value of Faster Computation for Power Grid Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Elizondo, Marcelo A.

    2012-09-30

    As a result of the grid evolution meeting the information revolution, the power grid is becoming far more complex than it used to be. How to feed data in, perform analysis, and extract information in a real-time manner is a fundamental challenge in today’s power grid operation, not to mention the significantly increased complexity in the smart grid environment. Therefore, high performance computing (HPC) becomes one of the advanced technologies used to meet the requirement of real-time operation. This paper presents benefit case studies to show the value of fast computation for operation. Two fundamental operation functions, state estimation (SE) and contingency analysis (CA), are used as examples. In contrast with today’s tools, fast SE can estimate system status in a few seconds—comparable to measurement cycles. Fast CA can solve more contingencies in a shorter period, reducing the possibility of missing critical contingencies. The benefit case study results clearly show the value of faster computation for increasing the reliability and efficiency of power system operation.

  19. Workers' Compensation Costs Rising Across the Nation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    For the first time since 1992, benefits paid to workers and employers' costs for workers' compensation rose faster than wages by James L Nash (jnash@penton.com) The National Academy of Social Insurance (NASI) study, which provides the only comprehensive national data on the largely state-run program, states that premiums charged by insurers rose by eight percent in 2001.

  20. Updating Maryland's Sea-level Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    , this was largely due to the slow sinking of the land since Earth's crust is still adjusting to the melting of large masses of ice following the last glacial period. Over the 20th century, however, the rate of rise

  1. Challenges in the Better, Faster, Cheaper Era of Aeronautical Design, Engineering and Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murman, Earll

    Starting in the 1990s, the aerospace industry was challenged to produce products and systems Better, faster, Cheaper. In this paper, we examine some of the underlying reasons for BFC and offer some thoughts to help frame ...

  2. Past and future sea-level rise along the coast of North Carolina, United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kopp, Robert E; Kemp, Andrew C; Tebaldi, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Focusing on factors that cause relative sea-level (RSL) rise to differ from the global mean, we evaluate RSL trajectories for North Carolina, United States, in the context of tide gauge and geological sea-level proxy records spanning the last $\\mathord{\\sim}$11,000 years. RSL rise was fastest ($\\mathord{\\sim}$7 mm/yr) during the early Holocene and decreased over time. During the Common Era before the 19th century, RSL rise ($\\mathord{\\sim}$0.7 to 1.1 mm/yr) was driven primarily by glacio-isostatic adjustment, dampened by tectonic uplift along the Cape Fear Arch. Ocean/atmosphere dynamics caused centennial variability of up to $\\mathord{\\sim}$0.6 mm/yr around the long-term rate. It is extremely likely (probability $P = 0.95$) that 20th century RSL rise at Sand Point, NC, (2.8 $\\pm$ 0.5 mm/yr) was faster than during any other century in $\\geq2,900$ years. Projections based on a fusion of process models, statistical models, expert elicitation and expert assessment indicate that RSL at Wilmington, NC, is very lik...

  3. Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency and Sustainability Practices Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Fact Sheet) Rising Above the Water: New Orleans...

  4. Instincts and Institutions: the Rise of the Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    Instincts and Institutions: the Rise of the Market Jean-Paul Carvalho and Mark Koyama University of Oxford 11 April 2007 `There is a transformation which is antecedent to Marx's Rise of Capital- ism, and which . . . looks like being even more fundamental. This is the Rise of the Market, the Rise

  5. Custom data support for the FAst -physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER) Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toto, T.; Jensen, M.; Vogelmann, A.; Wagener, R.; Liu, Y.; Lin, W.

    2010-03-15

    The multi-institution FAst -physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER) project, funded by the DOE Earth System Modeling program, aims to evaluate and improve the parameterizations of fast processes (those involving clouds, precipitation and aerosols) in global climate models, using a combination of numerical prediction models, single column models, cloud resolving models, large-eddy simulations, full global climate model output and ARM active and passive remote sensing and in-situ data. This poster presents the Custom Data Support effort for the FASTER project. The effort will provide tailored datasets, statistics, best estimates and quality control data, as needed and defined by FASTER participants, for use in evaluating and improving parameterizations of fast processes in GCMs. The data support will include custom gridding and averaging, for the model of interest, using high time resolution and pixel level data from continuous ARM observations and complementary datasets. In addition to the FASTER team, these datasets will be made available to the ARM Science Team. Initial efforts with respect to data product development, priorities, availability and distribution are summarized here with an emphasis on cloud, atmospheric state and aerosol properties as observed during the Spring 2000 Cloud IOP and the Spring 2003 Aerosol IOP at the ARM Southern Great Plains site.

  6. Circuit switches have simpler data paths and are potentially much faster than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeown, Nick

    2 Circuit switches have simpler data paths and are potentially much faster than packet switches. Taking advantage of this dif- ference makes very high capacity all-optical circuit switches feasible, whereas all-optical packet switches are a long way from com- mercial practicality. Peak

  7. Is the fast Hankel transform faster than quadrature? The fast Hankel transform (FHT) implemented with digital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    Is the fast Hankel transform faster than quadrature? Kerry Key1 ABSTRACT The fast Hankel transform (FHT) implemented with digital filters has been the algorithm of choice in EM geophysics for a few transform integral into a sum of partial integrals that are each evaluated with quadrature. The convergence

  8. August 22, 2002 Faster Chips That March to Their Own Improvised Beat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operations and reduced power consumption, particularly in the ever smaller, ever faster circuits of the future. At Sun Microsystems Laboratories in Mountain View, Calif., a dozen or so engineers are focusing circuits are already used in Sun's UltraSparc IIIi processor chip, Dr. Ebergen said. He said his team

  9. A faster numerical scheme for a coupled system modelling soil erosion and sediment transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Orléans, Université

    A faster numerical scheme for a coupled system modelling soil erosion and sediment transport M flow and the bed sediment, are classically described by a well-established system coupling the shallow states and the positivity of both water depth and sediment concentration. Recently, finite volume schemes

  10. Microfluidics in structural biology: smaller, faster. . . better Carl Hansen and Stephen R Quake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Carl L.

    Microfluidics in structural biology: smaller, faster. . . better Carl Hansen and Stephen R Quakeà Microfluidic technologies promise unprecedented savings in cost and time through the integration of complex of this vision a reality, facilitating the first large-scale integration of microfluidic plumbing with biological

  11. Reply to `On a recent proposal of faster than light quantum communication'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Y. Shiekh

    2007-12-29

    In a recent paper the author proposed the possibility of an experiment to perform faster-than-light communication via the collapse of the quantum wave-function. This was analyzed by Bassi and Ghirardi, and it is believed that this analysis itself merits a detailed examination.

  12. Faster Defect Resolution with Higher Technical Quality of Software Bart Luijten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Joost

    Faster Defect Resolution with Higher Technical Quality of Software Bart Luijten Delft University of the relation between technical quality of software products and the defect resolution performance of numerous software products that have been evaluated with the SIG quality model in the context of software

  13. "Do costs fall faster than revenues? Dynamics of renewables entry into electricity markets"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSE-591 "Do costs fall faster than revenues? Dynamics of renewables entry into electricity markets of renewables entry into electricity markets Richard J. Green Thomas-Olivier Léautier June 26, 2015 Abstract In many countries, entry of renewable electricity producers has been supported by subsidies and financed

  14. Low-rise shear wall failure modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Hashimoto, P.S. (EQE Engineering, Inc., Costa Mesa, CA (USA)); Reed, J.W. (Benjamin (J.R.) and Associates, Inc., Mountain View, CA (USA))

    1991-01-01

    A summary of the data that are available concerning the structural response of low-rise shear walls is presented. This data will be used to address two failure modes associated with the shear wall structures. First, data concerning the seismic capacity of the shear walls with emphasis on excessive deformations that can cause equipment failure are examined. Second, data concerning the dynamic properties of shear walls (stiffness and damping) that are necessary to compute the seismic inputs to attached equipment are summarized. This case addresses the failure of equipment when the structure remains functional. 23 refs.

  15. EarthRise Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9)askDoubleEERE -ESolar IncEagleAnalysisEarthRise

  16. FASTER: A new DOE effort to bridge ESM and ASR sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Y.

    2010-03-15

    In order to better use the long-term ARM measurements to evaluate parameterizations of fast processes used in global climate models --- mainly those related to clouds, precipitation and aerosols, the DOE Earth System Modeling (ESM) program funds a new multi-institution project led by the Brookhaven National Laboratory, FAst -physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER). This poster will present an overview of this new project and its scientific relationships to the ASR sciences and ARM measurements.

  17. Community-Based Sea Level Rise Projections Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar will present a process for developing community-based sea level rise projections and facilitating their use.

  18. Estimating the Economic Cost of Sea-Level Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugiyama, Masahiro.

    To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change,

  19. Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk Megan J. Lickley, Ning Lin and Henry D://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk Megan J to an increasing risk of flooding. We study the combined impacts of anticipated sea level rise, hurricane activity

  20. Warming of the arctic ice-ocean system is faster than the global average since the 1960s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jinlun

    Warming of the arctic ice-ocean system is faster than the global average since the 1960s Jinlun.203°C. The warming of the world ocean is associated with an increase in global surface air temperature heat flux. Citation: Zhang, J. (2005), Warming of the arctic ice-ocean system is faster than the global

  1. The Exponentially Faster Stick-Slip Dynamics of the Peeling of an Adhesive Tape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nachiketa Mishra; Nigam Chandra Parida; Soumyendu Raha

    2014-05-07

    The stick-slip dynamics is considered from the nonlinear differential-algebraic equation (DAE) point of view and the peeling dynamics is shown to be a switching differential index DAE model. In the stick-slip regime with bifurcations, the differential index can be arbitrarily high. The time scale of the peeling velocity, the algebraic variable, in this regime is shown to be exponentially faster compared to the angular velocity of the spool and/or the stretch rate of the tape. A homogenization scheme for the peeling velocity which is characterized by the bifurcations is discussed and is illustrated with numerical examples.

  2. The social values at risk from sea-level rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Sonia; Barnett, Jon; Fincher, Ruth; Hurlimann, Anna; Mortreux, Colette; Waters, Elissa

    2013-07-15

    Analysis of the risks of sea-level rise favours conventionally measured metrics such as the area of land that may be subsumed, the numbers of properties at risk, and the capital values of assets at risk. Despite this, it is clear that there exist many less material but no less important values at risk from sea-level rise. This paper re-theorises these multifarious social values at risk from sea-level rise, by explaining their diverse nature, and grounding them in the everyday practices of people living in coastal places. It is informed by a review and analysis of research on social values from within the fields of social impact assessment, human geography, psychology, decision analysis, and climate change adaptation. From this we propose that it is the ‘lived values’ of coastal places that are most at risk from sea-level rise. We then offer a framework that groups these lived values into five types: those that are physiological in nature, and those that relate to issues of security, belonging, esteem, and self-actualisation. This framework of lived values at risk from sea-level rise can guide empirical research investigating the social impacts of sea-level rise, as well as the impacts of actions to adapt to sea-level rise. It also offers a basis for identifying the distribution of related social outcomes across populations exposed to sea-level rise or sea-level rise policies.

  3. Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Development of Sea...

  4. Accretion of Chaplygin gas upon black holes: Formation of faster outflowing winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritabrata Biswas; Subenoy Chakraborty; Tarun Deep Saini; Banibrata Mukhopadhyay

    2011-01-24

    We study the accretion of modified Chaplygin gas upon different types of black hole. Modified Chaplygin gas is one of the best candidates for a combined model of dark matter and dark energy. In addition, from a field theoretical point of view the modified Chaplygin gas model is equivalent to that of a scalar field having a self-interacting potential. We formulate the equations related to both spherical accretion and disc accretion, and respective winds. The corresponding numerical solutions of the flow, particularly of velocity, are presented and are analyzed. We show that the accretion-wind system of modified Chaplygin gas dramatically alters the wind solutions, producing faster winds, upon changes in physical parameters, while accretion solutions qualitatively remain unaffected. This implies that modified Chaplygin gas is more prone to produce outflow which is the natural consequence of the dark energy into the system.

  5. Loving Faster Than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe by K. Price, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2012 Jimena Canales*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canales, Jimena

    Loving Faster Than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe by K. Price, University in Love. But Katy Price is after a deeper connec- tion in Loving Faster Than Light. The cover modestly

  6. The Emphasis on Ecological Design for High-rise Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, F.; Zhang, G.; Xie, M.

    2006-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of urbanization, there are more and more high-rise buildings in cities. Meanwhile, the negative impacts of high-rise buildings on the urban environment have become more and more serious. The ecological design of high...

  7. A faster implementation of the pivot algorithm for self-avoiding walks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Kennedy

    2001-09-17

    The pivot algorithm is a Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm for simulating the self-avoiding walk. At each iteration a pivot which produces a global change in the walk is proposed. If the resulting walk is self-avoiding, the new walk is accepted; otherwise, it is rejected. Past implementations of the algorithm required a time O(N) per accepted pivot, where N is the number of steps in the walk. We show how to implement the algorithm so that the time required per accepted pivot is O(N^q) with q<1. We estimate that q is less than 0.57 in two dimensions, and less than 0.85 in three dimensions. Corrections to the O(N^q) make an accurate estimate of q impossible. They also imply that the asymptotic behavior of O(N^q) cannot be seen for walk lengths which can be simulated. In simulations the effective q is around 0.7 in two dimensions and 0.9 in three dimensions. Comparisons with simulations that use the standard implementation of the pivot algorithm using a hash table indicate that our implementation is faster by as much as a factor of 80 in two dimensions and as much as a factor of 7 in three dimensions. Our method does not require the use of a hash table and should also be applicable to the pivot algorithm for off-lattice models.

  8. Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugiyama, Masahiro, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    (cont.) In the case of a classical linear sea-level rise of one meter per century, the use of DIVA generally decreases the protection fraction of the coastline, and results in a smaller protection cost because of high ...

  9. Fear and frustration : rising state perceptions of threats and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priebe, Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Do a dominant state's policies have a greater effect on a rising state's threat perceptions or its assessment of the dominant state's resolve? Existing theory, rooted in Jervis's spiral and deterrence models, contends that ...

  10. 3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box...

  11. "Rise of the Machines" on CNBC Tonight | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Naresh Iyer 2013.09.18 Today, there are more devices than people connected to the Internet. In 2015, that number is expected to rise to 25 billion. Wow. I'm Naresh Iyer, a...

  12. CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION ASSESSMENT A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison and the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Working Group

  13. Faster processing of multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanson, Gregory R.; Bingham, Philip R.

    2006-10-03

    Systems and methods are described for faster processing of multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms. A method includes of obtaining multiple spatially-heterodyned holograms, includes: digitally recording a first spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; digitally recording a second spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; Fourier analyzing the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a first original origin of the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes in Fourier space to sit on top of a spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined as a first angle between a first reference beam and a first, object beam; applying a first digital filter to cut off signals around the first original origin and performing an inverse Fourier transform on the result; Fourier analyzing the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a second original origin of the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes in Fourier space to sit on top of a spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined as a second angle between a second reference beam and a second object beam; and applying a second digital filter to cut off signals around the second original origin and performing an inverse Fourier transform on the result, wherein digitally recording the first spatially-heterodyned hologram is completed before digitally recording the second spatially-heterodyned hologram and a single digital image includes both the first spatially-heterodyned hologram and the second spatially-heterodyned hologram.

  14. Faster processing of multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanson, Gregory R [Clinton, TN; Bingham, Philip R [Knoxville, TN

    2008-09-09

    Systems and methods are described for faster processing of multiple spatially-heterodyned direct to digital holograms. A method includes of obtaining multiple spatially-heterodyned holograms, includes: digitally recording a first spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; digitally recording a second spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; Fourier analyzing the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a first original origin of the recorded first spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes in Fourier space to sit on top of a spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined as a first angle between a first reference beam and a first object beam; applying a first digital filter to cut off signals around the first original origin and performing an inverse Fourier transform on the result; Fourier analyzing the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram by shifting a second original origin of the recorded second spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes in Fourier space to sit on top of a spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined as a second angle between a second reference beam and a second object beam; and applying a second digital filter to cut off signals around the second original origin and performing an inverse Fourier transform on the result, wherein digitally recording the first spatially-heterodyned hologram is completed before digitally recording the second spatially-heterodyned hologram and a single digital image includes both the first spatially-heterodyned hologram and the second spatially-heterodyned hologram.

  15. Dilemmas of decline, risks of rise : the systemic and military sources of rising state strategy towards declining great powers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua R

    2013-01-01

    What explains variation in relatively rising state strategy towards declining great powers? This project develops and tests a theory of state strategy vis-a-vis declining great powers, termed Realist Decline Theory. Realist ...

  16. Faster index calculus for the medium prime case Application to 1175-bit and 1425-bit finite fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    the cost of the main phases. In most cases, the designers of index calculus algorithms aim at balancingFaster index calculus for the medium prime case Application to 1175-bit and 1425-bit finite fields avenue des ´Etats-Unis, F-78035 Versailles Cedex, France antoine.joux@m4x.org Abstract. Many index

  17. It has been demonstrated that pictures whose names occur more frequently (e.g., dog) are named faster than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caramazza, Alfonso

    It has been demonstrated that pictures whose names occur more frequently (e.g., dog) are named faster than pictures whose names occur less frequently (e.g., deer; Oldfield & Wingfield, 1965 with variables like structural similarity in picture naming experiments (Humphreys, Riddoch, & Quinlan, 1988

  18. Rise Time Measurement for Ultrafast X-Ray Pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Celliers, Peter M.; Weber, Franz A.; Moon, Stephen J.

    2005-04-05

    A pump-probe scheme measures the rise time of ultrafast x-ray pulses. Conventional high speed x-ray diagnostics (x-ray streak cameras, PIN diodes, diamond PCD devices) do not provide sufficient time resolution to resolve rise times of x-ray pulses on the order of 50 fs or less as they are being produced by modern fast x-ray sources. Here, we are describing a pump-probe technique that can be employed to measure events where detector resolution is insufficient to resolve the event. The scheme utilizes a diamond plate as an x-ray transducer and a p-polarized probe beam.

  19. ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems - Incandescent lightings rise and demise via government policy - Alternative Fluorescent light sources and compact fluorescent lights (CFL) to incandescents - Alternative LED light sources - Color index as well as Watts to Lumens efficiency available from all three light sources

  20. . ^ ^ L c O / ^ -Rise-R-497 Energy Systems Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 otSMooiaji é. ^ ^ L c O / ^ - Rise-R-497 t x Energy Systems Group Annual Progress Report 1 Januar Roskilde, Denmark March 1984 r #12;RISØ-R-497 ENERGY SYSTEMS GROUP Annual Progress Report 1 January - 31 of the Energy Systems Group at Risø National Laboratory during 1983. Th«r activities may be roughly classified

  1. Introduction As the prevalence of obesity continues to rise, accu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    Introduction As the prevalence of obesity continues to rise, accu- rate tools for quantifying into percent body fat using generalized equa- tions [10]. Hydrodensitometry and ADP are limited to estimating and muscle fat. An increased utilization of computed tomography International Journal of Body Composition

  2. Wisconsin Poverty Report: Poverty Rises in 2013 Despite Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    Wisconsin Poverty Report: Poverty Rises in 2013 Despite Growth in Jobs The Seventh Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Timothy M. Smeeding Julia B. Isaacs Katherine A. Thornton Institute for Research on Poverty University of Wisconsin­Madison April 2015 #12;ABOUT THE WISCONSIN POVERTY PROJECT The Wisconsin

  3. WHITING SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Rising to the Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Somnath

    to knowledge, engineering human health, and improving global well-being and security. To support1 2 WHITING SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Rising to the Challenge: The Campaign for Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering Wyman Park Building, Suite 400 3400 North Charles Street Baltimore, Maryland 21218

  4. Introduction Groundwater is a subject of rising social concern,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Introduction Groundwater is a subject of rising social concern, especially in coastal zones where most big cities are located. Due to growing demographic pressure in coastal areas, groundwater the overall challenge of changing groundwater poli- cy to address the emerging problems (Livingston & Gar

  5. Warm Air Rises Use food coloring and different temperatures of water to demonstrate that warm air rises.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    Warm Air Rises Use food coloring and different temperatures of water to demonstrate that warm air of the cold water because warm air (or water) is less dense than cold air (or water). This concept can be seen the bottom floor of a house. Less dense warm air settles on top of cold air when winds are light

  6. A LUMINOUS, FAST RISING UV-TRANSIENT DISCOVERED BY ROTSE: A TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENT?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vinkó, J.; Wheeler, J. C.; Chatzopoulos, E.; Marion, G. H. [Department of Astronomy, McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Yuan, F.; Akerlof, C. [Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Quimby, R. M. [Kavli IPMU, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kahiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Guillochon, J., E-mail: vinko@astro.as.utexas.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2015-01-01

    We present follow-up observations of an optical transient (OT) discovered by ROTSE on 2009 January 21. Photometric monitoring was carried out with ROTSE-IIIb in the optical and Swift in the UV up to +70 days after discovery. The light curve showed a fast rise time of ?10 days followed by a steep decline over the next 60 days, which was much faster than that implied by {sup 56}Ni—{sup 56}Co radioactive decay. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10 database contains a faint, red object at the position of the OT, which appears slightly extended. This and other lines of evidence suggest that the OT is of extragalactic origin, and this faint object is likely the host galaxy. A sequence of optical spectra obtained with the 9.2 m Hobby-Eberly Telescope between +8 and +45 days after discovery revealed a hot, blue continuum with no visible spectral features. A few weak features that appeared after +30 days probably originated from the underlying host. Fitting synthetic templates to the observed spectrum of the host galaxy revealed a redshift of z = 0.19. At this redshift, the peak magnitude of the OT is close to –22.5, similar to the brightest super-luminous supernovae; however, the lack of identifiable spectral features makes the massive stellar death hypothesis less likely. A more plausible explanation appears to be the tidal disruption of a Sun-like star by the central supermassive black hole. We argue that this transient likely belongs to a class of super-Eddington tidal disruption events.

  7. Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 207 recently cored sediments on the Demerara Rise at ~9N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bice, Karen L.

    ,1979]. Seismic Stratigraphy Seismic reflection profiles over the Demerara Rise show several distinct

  8. Faster Proton Transfer Dynamics of Water on SnO2 Compared to TiO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Nitin [ORNL; Kent, Paul R [ORNL; Bandura, Andrei V. [St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia; Kubicki, James D. [Pennsylvania State University; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David R [ORNL; Sofo, Jorge O. [Pennsylvania State University

    2011-01-01

    Proton jump processes in the hydration layer on the isostructural TiO2 rutile (110) and SnO2 cassiterite (110) surfaces were studied with density functional theory molecular dynamics. We find that the proton jump rate is more than three times faster on cassiterite compared with rutile. A local analysis based on the correlation between the stretching band of the O-H vibrations and the strength of H-bonds indicates that the faster proton jump activity on cassiterite is produced by a stronger H-bond formation between the surface and the hydration layer above the surface. The origin of the increased H-bond strength on cassiterite is a combined effect of stronger covalent bonding and stronger electrostatic interactions due to differences of its electronic structure. The bridging oxygens form the strongest H-bonds between the surface and the hydration layer. This higher proton jump rate is likely to affect reactivity and catalytic activity on the surface. A better understanding of its origins will enable methods to control these rates.

  9. Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100NationalquestionnairesDrought-induced forest mortality Rising global

  10. Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultiday ProductionDesigningResourcesfeed-image Digg:Rising Sea Levels

  11. Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultiday ProductionDesigningResourcesfeed-image Digg:Rising

  12. Evolution of the Galapagos Rise and the Bauer Microplate: implications for the Nazca plate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Jennifer Catherine McGuire

    2006-04-12

    ). Magnetic lineations and depth trends across the Bauer Basin suggest that it was captured between the failing Galapagos Rise and the currently active EPR. Anomalously shallow ridge crests along the Galapagos Rise indicate that magmatic activity may have...

  13. Fact #778: May 6, 2013 Vehicles per Thousand Persons Rising Quickly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: May 6, 2013 Vehicles per Thousand Persons Rising Quickly in China and India Fact 778: May 6, 2013 Vehicles per Thousand Persons Rising Quickly in China and India The number of...

  14. The grand strategies of rising powers: reassurance, coercion, and balancing responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glosny, Michael A

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation asks: what explains variation in how other great powers respond to rising powers? It tries to explain why the emergence of a rising power sometimes leads to tension, rivalry, and war, and other times leads ...

  15. Opal Waters, Rising Seas: How Sociocultural Inequality Reduces Resilience to Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Donna

    218 Chapter 12 Opal Waters, Rising Seas: How Sociocultural Inequality Reduces Resilience to Climate in the north indicate increasing extreme events: #12;Opal Waters, Rising Seas 219 monsoonal rain projected

  16. Solar Smarter Faster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armbrust, Dan; Haldar, Pradeep; Kaloyeros, Alain; Holladay, Dan

    2011-01-01

    As part of the SunShot Initiative, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced on April 15th the selection of up to $112.5 million over five years for funding to support the development of advanced solar photovoltaic (PV)-related manufacturing processes throughout the United States. The effort is led by Sematech, with a proven track record in breathing life back into the US semiconduster industry, and in partnership with CNSE, The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, who supplies world class R&D experts and facilities.

  17. Controlling chaos faster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bick, Christian [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (BCCN), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Institute for Mathematics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen (Germany); Kolodziejski, Christoph [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); III. Physical Institute—Biophysics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Timme, Marc [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)

    2014-09-01

    Predictive feedback control is an easy-to-implement method to stabilize unknown unstable periodic orbits in chaotic dynamical systems. Predictive feedback control is severely limited because asymptotic convergence speed decreases with stronger instabilities which in turn are typical for larger target periods, rendering it harder to effectively stabilize periodic orbits of large period. Here, we study stalled chaos control, where the application of control is stalled to make use of the chaotic, uncontrolled dynamics, and introduce an adaptation paradigm to overcome this limitation and speed up convergence. This modified control scheme is not only capable of stabilizing more periodic orbits than the original predictive feedback control but also speeds up convergence for typical chaotic maps, as illustrated in both theory and application. The proposed adaptation scheme provides a way to tune parameters online, yielding a broadly applicable, fast chaos control that converges reliably, even for periodic orbits of large period.

  18. Solar Smarter Faster

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Armbrust, Dan; Haldar, Pradeep; Kaloyeros, Alain; Holladay, Dan

    2013-05-29

    As part of the SunShot Initiative, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced on April 15th the selection of up to $112.5 million over five years for funding to support the development of advanced solar photovoltaic (PV)-related manufacturing processes throughout the United States. The effort is led by Sematech, with a proven track record in breathing life back into the US semiconduster industry, and in partnership with CNSE, The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, who supplies world class R&D experts and facilities.

  19. Why is energy use rising in the freight sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, M.; Vyas, A.D.

    1991-01-01

    Trends in transportation sector energy use and carbon dioxide emissions are analyzed with an emphasis on three freight modes -- rail, truck, and marine. A recent set of energy use projections is presented and freight mode energy characteristics are discussed. Transportation sector energy use, which nearly doubled between 1960 and 1985, is projected to grow more slowly during the period 1985{endash}2010. Most of the growth is projected to come from non-personal modes (freight and commercial air). Trends in freight mode energy intensities are discussed and a variety of factors behind these trends are analyzed. Rail and marine modes improved their energy intensities during sudden fuel price rises of the 1970s. Though there is room for further technological improvement, long power plant life cycles preclude rapid penetration of new technologies. Thus, energy intensities in these modes are more likely to improve through operational changes. Because of relatively stable fuel prices, the energy share of truck operating expenses is likely to remain low. Coupled with increasing labor costs, this portends only modest improvements in truck energy efficiency over the next two decades.

  20. Why is energy use rising in the freight sector?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, M.; Vyas, A.D.

    1991-12-31

    Trends in transportation sector energy use and carbon dioxide emissions are analyzed with an emphasis on three freight modes -- rail, truck, and marine. A recent set of energy use projections is presented and freight mode energy characteristics are discussed. Transportation sector energy use, which nearly doubled between 1960 and 1985, is projected to grow more slowly during the period 1985{endash}2010. Most of the growth is projected to come from non-personal modes (freight and commercial air). Trends in freight mode energy intensities are discussed and a variety of factors behind these trends are analyzed. Rail and marine modes improved their energy intensities during sudden fuel price rises of the 1970s. Though there is room for further technological improvement, long power plant life cycles preclude rapid penetration of new technologies. Thus, energy intensities in these modes are more likely to improve through operational changes. Because of relatively stable fuel prices, the energy share of truck operating expenses is likely to remain low. Coupled with increasing labor costs, this portends only modest improvements in truck energy efficiency over the next two decades.

  1. Coupling of Two Motor Proteins: A New Motor Can Move Faster Evgeny B. Stukalin, Hubert Phillips III, and Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coupling of Two Motor Proteins: A New Motor Can Move Faster Evgeny B. Stukalin, Hubert Phillips III February 2005; published 13 June 2005) We study the effect of a coupling between two motor domains in highly processive motor protein complexes. A simple stochastic discrete model, in which the two parts

  2. Ground water of Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?; Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-12-31

    This report describes the geology, hydrology, and possible rise of the water tables at Yucca Mountain. The possibilities of rainfall and earthquakes causing flooding is discussed.

  3. Rise Up & Walk: The Autobiography of Bishop Abel Tendekai Muzorewa, edited by Norman E. Thomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunene, Mazisi

    1981-01-01

    Rise Up & Walk: The Autobiography of Bishop Abel Tendekairules of writing an autobiography is that it must interestpersonal scope of the autobiography itself. An autobiography

  4. Rising Voices 3: Learning and Doing- Education and Adaptation through Diverse Ways of Knowing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Rising Voices workshop, in collaboration with the Engineering for Climate Extremes Partnership, will cover how to improve methods of incorporating resilience and cultural values explicitly in...

  5. The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutioanl Change and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2003-04-14

    This paper documents that the Rise of (Western) Europe between 1500 and 1850 is largely accounted for by the growth of European nations with access to the Atlantic, ...

  6. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California,Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of theof grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United

  7. THE RISE OF MOUNTAIN RANGES AND THE EVOLUTION OF HUMANS: A CAUSAL RELATION?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Andrew J.

    THE RISE OF MOUNTAIN RANGES AND THE EVOLUTION OF HUMANS: A CAUSAL RELATION? PETER MOLNAR' of essentially all major mountain ranges of the worl'd, albeit each with respect to a different frame, an evolution quantified well by an exponential increase in cranial capacity. Apparently, the rise of mountains

  8. NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1 (HR_DAD_1.1): Concepts, University of Florence, Prato, Italy. #12;NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 181 High-Rise Database-Assisted Design 1.1 (HR_DAD_1.1): Concepts, Software, and Examples Seymour M.J. Spence Building and Fire Research

  9. Ellipsoidal model of the rise of a Taylor bubble in a round tube T. Funada a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    November 2004 Abstract The rise velocity of long gas bubbles (Taylor bubbles) in round tubes is modeled in Eo; the composition of these separate power laws emerge as 0301-9322/$ - see front matter Ó 2005 rising steadily in a li- quid is in a balance of buoyant weight and drag. It is natural to think

  10. Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2 Vaughan Pratt Stanford CO2 1 / 29 #12;Goal Additional insight into 1 Similarity of the 1860-1880 & 1910-1940 rises to 1970-2000. 2 The recent pause (2001-2013). 3 No sign of 3 C per doubling of CO2. Simple reasoning (no opaque

  11. Implications of changing correlations between WTI and other commodities, asset classes, and implied volatility

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See full Hydrocarbon

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - uncertainty_past_wti.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 2011NovemberTexas

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - uncertainty_wti_2009_2010.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 2011NovemberTexas09

  14. Microsoft PowerPoint - uncertainty_wti_2011_2012.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1

  15. Fact #660: January 31, 2011 Light Vehicle Sales Rise in 2010...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    January 31, 2011 Light Vehicle Sales Rise in 2010 The total sales of light vehicles (cars and light trucks) in the U.S. have ranged between 10 million and 17 million over the...

  16. Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network Webinar: Community-Based Sea Level Rise Projections

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington Sea Grant has partnered with the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe and Adaptation International to develop local sea level rise projections and sea level scenario maps for the Jamestown S...

  17. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  18. East Boston buffer : a transferable urban framework for adapting to sea rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Carolyn (Carolyn Hiller)

    2013-01-01

    Urban vulnerability to climate change is constantly increasing. Many coastal cities will need to begin sea rise mitigation efforts soon, and now is a critical time for architects to intervene in this process with good ...

  19. Fact #735: July 9, 2012 U.S. Petroleum Exports Are on the Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The amount of petroleum that the U.S. exports is small in comparison to the amount consumed. Petroleum exports, which are mainly petroleum products, have been rising in recent years. Until 2004,...

  20. Swell : a proposition for coastal metropolises in the age of rising seas and distributed centralization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorsey, Talia (Talia H.)

    2006-01-01

    Premised upon the certain realities of the rise of urban sprawl, globalized dynamic networks, and sea levels, this thesis seeks to question these forces and mobilize the inherent potentials that lie within their intersections. ...

  1. Tall buildings in Asia : a critique on the high-rise building in Colombo, Shri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1993-01-01

    The recent generation of tall buildings in Asia have been appropriated from the West with little adaptation. With no understanding of the forces that have generated this building form, Asia embraces the high-rise as an ...

  2. Regionalism and the design of low-rise building envelope systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tapia, Jason W. (Jason Wilfredo)

    2010-01-01

    This investigation proposes the use of a three-pronged approach to evaluating building envelopes for low-rise affordable housing in urban contexts: construction cost estimating, building performance modeling, and cradle ...

  3. NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    I don't have to remind you of the challenges we face: rapidly growing global demand for energy, along with rising prices. And these demand pressures will only increase with time....

  4. Fire Safety in High-rise Buildings, Lessons Learned from the WTC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torero, Jose L; Quintiere, James Q; Steinhaus, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    This paper addresses the tragic events of September 11th, 2001. Provides a brief background on the philosophy of fire protection for high-rise buildings and the behavior of a fire within a compartment. It further describes ...

  5. Challenging the Status Quo: The Rise and Consequences of Anti-Establishment Parties in Western Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jason

    2010-07-14

    This dissertation examines two interconnected research questions: What conditions give rise and lead to the electoral success of anti-establishment parties and what are the consequences of this electoral success? Literature ...

  6. Organ Trade : sea level rise adaptation strategies for the San Francisco Bay Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungureanu, Cristina

    2010-01-01

    It is not only coastal conditions, but inland ones, that can inform an approach to and process of wetland adaptation in the face of sea level rise. A particular watershed clip in Alameda County, located in South San Francisco ...

  7. SEA-LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Minghua

    -LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION AND METHODOLOGY TR-0 ....................................................................................................................................... 21 New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC, 2015 by 2100. SLR in this report is compared with projection by the New York

  8. Structural performance of early 20th century masonry high rise buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buntrock, Rebecca (Rebecca Miriam)

    2010-01-01

    Early generation high rise buildings built between 1890 and World War 11 represent a technical transition between traditional load bearing masonry construction and modern curtain wall systems, and are typically referred ...

  9. Impact of cladding on mid-rise buildings in the Northridge Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Chuan-Hua

    2009-01-01

    In this thesis, the importance of cladding panels on mid-rise buildings in an earthquake-prone region is investigated. A cladding panel acts as a protective or an insulating layer to control weather infiltration. The ...

  10. Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

  11. Storm smart planning for adaptation to sea level rise : addressing coastal flood risk in East Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Victoria H

    2009-01-01

    Regardless of how well we implement sustainability plans, now and in the future, the weight of scientific evidence indicates that mean sea level will continue to rise at an increasing rate over the next century. Thus, ...

  12. The Rise And Fall Of The Muslim Brotherhood In The Egyptian Revolution: The Interplay of Narrative And Other Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tombaugh, William

    2013-08-31

    This study examines the interplay of narrative and other factors in the rise and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood during the Egyptian Revolution. I hypothesize that narrative played a major role in the Muslim Brotherhoods rise to power...

  13. Phoenix Cities: The Fall and Rise of Great Industrial Cities By Anne Power, Jörg Plöger, and Astrid Winkler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teitz, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    BOOK REVIEW Phoenix Cities: The Fall and Rise of Greatthe creative class. Thus, Phoenix Cities comes as a welcome

  14. Phoenix rising

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2008-08-15

    Phoenix Coal currently operates 3 surface coal mines in Western Kentucky and have recently obtained the permits to construct their first underground mine. The expansion of the Phoenix Coal company since its formation in July 2004 is described. 4 photos.

  15. CONSTRAINING PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF TYPE IIn SUPERNOVAE THROUGH RISE TIMES AND PEAK LUMINOSITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moriya, Takashi J.; Maeda, Keiichi

    2014-08-01

    We investigate the diversity in the wind density, supernova ejecta energy, and ejecta mass in Type IIn supernovae based on their rise times and peak luminosities. We show that the wind density and supernova ejecta properties can be estimated independently if both the rise time and peak luminosity are observed. The peak luminosity is mostly determined by the supernova properties and the rise time can be used to estimate the wind density. We find that the ejecta energies of Type IIn supernovae need to vary by factors of 0.2-5 from the average if their ejecta masses are similar. The diversity in the observed rise times indicates that their wind densities vary by factors of 0.2-2 from the average. We show that Type IIn superluminous supernovae should have not only large wind density but also large ejecta energy and/or small ejecta mass to explain their large luminosities and the rise times at the same time. We also note that shock breakout does not necessarily occur in the wind even if it is optically thick, except for the case of superluminous supernovae, and we analyze the observational data both with and without assuming that the shock breakout occurs in the dense wind of Type IIn supernovae.

  16. Extremum seeking-based optimization of high voltage converter modulator rise-time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinker, Alexander; Bland, Michael; Krstic, Miroslav; Audia, Jeff

    2013-02-01

    We digitally implement an extremum seeking (ES) algorithm, which optimizes the rise time of the output voltage of a high voltage converter modulator (HVCM) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) HVCM test stand by iteratively, simultaneously tuning the first 8 switching edges of each of the three phase drive waveforms (24 variables total). We achieve a 50 ?s rise time, which is reduction in half compared to the 100 ?s achieved at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Considering that HVCMs typically operate with an output voltage of 100 kV, with a 60Hz repetition rate, the 50 ?s rise time reduction will result in very significant energy savings. The ES algorithm will prove successful, despite the noisy measurements and cost calculations, confirming the theoretical results that the algorithm is not affected by noise whose frequency components are independent of the perturbing frequencies.

  17. Extremum seeking-based optimization of high voltage converter modulator rise-time

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Scheinker, Alexander; Bland, Michael; Krstic, Miroslav; Audia, Jeff

    2013-02-01

    We digitally implement an extremum seeking (ES) algorithm, which optimizes the rise time of the output voltage of a high voltage converter modulator (HVCM) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) HVCM test stand by iteratively, simultaneously tuning the first 8 switching edges of each of the three phase drive waveforms (24 variables total). We achieve a 50 ?s rise time, which is reduction in half compared to the 100 ?s achieved at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Considering that HVCMs typically operate with an output voltage of 100 kV, with a 60Hz repetitionmore »rate, the 50 ?s rise time reduction will result in very significant energy savings. The ES algorithm will prove successful, despite the noisy measurements and cost calculations, confirming the theoretical results that the algorithm is not affected by noise whose frequency components are independent of the perturbing frequencies.« less

  18. Francis Bacon: the rise and fall of his influence on science in America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirkpatrick, Stephen Patrick

    1990-01-01

    FRANCIS BACON: THE RISE AND FALL OF HIS INFLUENCE ON SCIENCE IN AMERICA A Thesis by S'TEPHEN PATRICK KIRKPATRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF ARTS August 1990 Major Subject: History FRANCIS BACON: THE RISE AND FALL OF HIS INFLUENCE ON SCIENCE IN AMERICA A Thesis by Stephen Patrick Kirkpatrick Approved as to style and content by: Antho y Stranges (Chair of Committee) Zoltan...

  19. RISE 2004 R/V Pt Sur Cruise Report By David A. Jay, OGI/OHSU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    , therefore, rapid surveys with the Triaxus towfish and de- tailed process investigations. The RISE field River flow at Bonneville Dam, 103 fts-1 ; the flow at Bonneville represents the entire flow from of several days between flows at Bonneville Dam and those at the estuary mouth. 2 #12;Figure 2: Winds

  20. Rise of the Ellsworth mountains and parts of the East Antarctic coast observed with GPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulds, James E.

    . Argus,1 Geoffrey Blewitt,2 W. Richard Peltier,3 and Corné Kreemer2 Received 5 May 2011; revised 7 July at 5 ± 4 mm/yr (95% confidence limits), as in the postglacial rebound model of Peltier, but 10 mm to the Antarctic plate. Citation: Argus, D. F., G. Blewitt, W. R. Peltier, and C. Kreemer (2011), Rise

  1. Navy Leadership Disturbed by "Spice" Usage Rise Navy leaders are expressing alarm at recent statistics that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navy Leadership Disturbed by "Spice" Usage Rise Navy leaders are expressing alarm at recent, mimicking the chemical compounds found in the drug. These products are banned for Navy personnel (NAVADMIN) 108/10 in March 2010, which reemphasized the Navy's drug policy, the U.S. Navy has been

  2. ``Plate-like'' subsidence of the East Pacific RiseSouth Pacific superswell system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    ``Plate-like'' subsidence of the East Pacific Rise­­South Pacific superswell system J. K. Hillier significantly, the superswell appears to be part of a large-scale, ``plate-like,'' subsidence that extends to the EPR crest, rather than an isolated shallowing that reverses the subsidence and causes uplift. We

  3. Sea-Level Rise and Subsidence: Implications for Flooding in New Orleans, Louisiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    Sea-Level Rise and Subsidence: Implications for Flooding in New Orleans, Louisiana By Virginia R with relatively high rates of land subsidence. Land-surface altitude data collected in the leveed areas of the New subsidence of 5 millimeters per year. Preliminary results of other studies detecting the regional movement

  4. Does sea-level rise have an impact on saltwater intrusion? Sun Woo Chang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    of the major environmental issues faced by several coastal cit- ies in India, China, and Mexico [3Does sea-level rise have an impact on saltwater intrusion? Sun Woo Chang a , T. Prabhakar Clement a and Environmental Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea a r t i c l e i n f o Article

  5. Pertussis is on the rise Whooping Cough (or pertussis) is Not Just For Kids.........

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    Pertussis is on the rise Whooping Cough (or pertussis) is Not Just For Kids......... Pertussis, also known as "whooping cough," is a communicable bacterial disease that is spread through droplets from the mouth and nose when a person with pertussis coughs, sneezes, or talks. This disease has

  6. Different Motor Neuron Spike Patterns Produce Contractions With Very Similar Rises in Graded Slow Muscles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooper, Scott

    Different Motor Neuron Spike Patterns Produce Contractions With Very Similar Rises in Graded Slow December 2006 Hooper SL, Guschlbauer C, von Uckermann G, Bu¨schges A. Differ- ent motor neuron spike twitches in response to individual motor neuron spikes. During the early part of their contractions

  7. October 2004 / Vol. 54 No. 10 BioScience 895 Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    October 2004 / Vol. 54 No. 10 · BioScience 895 Articles Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2 reduce the concen- tration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Understanding biological and edaphic processes of the 21st century (IPCC 2001a). Management of vegetation and soils for terrestrial carbon sequestration

  8. Introduction On-site power generation is rising. Currently 35% of total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with a gas turbine creating a combined cycle power plant. It has expected electrical efficiency of greater than 70 percent with low CO2 and NOx and virtually zero SOx. The expected power levels range from 250-kIntroduction On-site power generation is rising. Currently 35% of total US industrial electric

  9. Storm Clouds Rising: Security Challenges for IaaS Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Matt

    Storm Clouds Rising: Security Challenges for IaaS Cloud Computing Brian Hay Kara Nance Matt Bishop on security concerns for computational cloud computing from the perspectives of cloud service users, cloud.hay@alaska.edu klnance@alaska.edu bishop@cs.ucdavis.edu Abstract Securing our digital assets has become increasingly

  10. Frontline Earth Science Research @ St Andrews The Rise and Fall of Mountain Belts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    1 Frontline Earth Science Research @ St Andrews (FRESH) The Rise and Fall of Mountain Belts 18 and for controlling the tectonics of mountain building by Z ZZ- dZ ZZ tween tectonics and anatexis and establish (28-23 Ma) suite comprises anastamosing sheets of foli- ated two-mica, garnet-bearing granite

  11. Die 2>oooa.|i S I UJ\\ \\Rise-R-424

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOMENCLATURE 98 REFERENCES 101 APPENDICES 104 A. The two-fluid model 104 B. Matrix coefficients 109 C. Physical- ings. If the fuel elements are not cooled, the remaining power generation combined with the stored heat in the fuel will cause the fuel temperature to rise rapidly. Within 100-200 seconds the uncooled fuel

  12. Frontline Earth Science Research @ St Andrews The Rise of the Earth System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    1 Frontline Earth Science Research @ St Andrews The Rise of the Earth System: A Tale of Ice, Oxygen Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, may I extend a very warm welcome to you at this half-day symposium. This is the third such event we have hosted; the first, Insights into Earth Processes from

  13. An Investigation of the Limitations in Plume Rise Models used in Air Quality Forecast Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    are important for predicting pollutants regulated by National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). NAAQS pollutants, include CO, NO2, PM2.5, PM10, O3, and SO2, are considered deleterious to public health and airAn Investigation of the Limitations in Plume Rise Models used in Air Quality Forecast Systems 1

  14. When the World Turns Upside Down Rises and Falls in World City Hierarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    When the World Turns Upside Down Rises and Falls in World City Hierarchies #12;Over the last that represent primate cities. The red distributions in the graph occur in times of world conflicts disrupting trade. The figure below shows the number of people (in 1000s) on the y axis in world cities at or above

  15. Uranium in iron formations and the rise of atmospheric oxygen C.A. Partin a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    Uranium in iron formations and the rise of atmospheric oxygen C.A. Partin a, , S.V. Lalonde b , N Paleoproterozoic Geochemical uranium cycle The concept of the Great Oxidation Event (GOE), during which atmospheric oxygenation through the record of uranium (U) concentrations in iron formations (IF). Just as IF are important

  16. Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise Masahiro Sugiyama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise by Masahiro Sugiyama Bachelor of Science in Earth Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Technology and Policy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology February 2007 ©2007 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights

  17. Constraint of the CO2 rise by new atmospheric carbon isotopic measurements during the last deglaciation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappellaz, Jérôme

    Click Here for Full Article Constraint of the CO2 rise by new atmospheric carbon isotopic increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) during the last glacialinterglacial climatic transition remain debated. We analyzed the parallel evolution of CO2 and its stable carbon isotopic ratio (d13 CO2

  18. On the rise of turbulent plumes: Quantitative effects of variable entrainment for submarine hydrothermal vents, terrestrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Edouard

    On the rise of turbulent plumes: Quantitative effects of variable entrainment for submarine on the dynamics. Here we show that commonly used one- dimensional models incorporating a constant entrainment coefficient do not provide satisfying predictions. We propose a new model allowing for variable entrainment

  19. Climate change, sea-level rise, and conservation: keeping island biodiversity afloat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    extinction [3] (Figure 1). In response to the biodiversity crisis, island conserva- tion has been an active-level rise) and saline water intru- sion [9]. Furthermore, shoreline retreat will also lead to massive is surprising when one considers both the number of islands concerned (over 180 000 worldwide) and the potential

  20. The latest Paleocene crisis in the deep sea: Ostracode succession at Maud Rise, Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    The latest Paleocene crisis in the deep sea: Ostracode succession at Maud Rise, Southern Ocean P of intermediate water mass from high altitudes to the subtropics. These data also suggest that warm saline waters values of benthic and planktonic fo- raminifera at high latitudes and benthic fo- raminifera worldwide

  1. Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior Y. Fan National the e ect of radiative heating on the evolution of thin magnetic ux tubes in the solar interior Solar Observatoryy, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719. G. H. Fisher Space Sciences Laboratory, Univ

  2. Evidence of thermonuclear flame spreading on neutron stars from burst rise oscillations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, Manoneeta; Bhattacharyya, Sudip E-mail: sudip@tifr.res.in

    2014-09-01

    Burst oscillations during the rising phases of thermonuclear X-ray bursts are usually believed to originate from flame spreading on the neutron star surface. However, the decrease of fractional oscillation amplitude with rise time, which provides a main observational support for the flame spreading model, have so far been reported from only a few bursts. Moreover, the non-detection and intermittent detections of rise oscillations from many bursts are not yet understood considering the flame spreading scenario. Here, we report the decreasing trend of fractional oscillation amplitude from an extensive analysis of a large sample of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array bursts from 10 neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. This trend is 99.99% significant for the best case, which provides, to the best of our knowledge, by far the strongest evidence of such a trend. Moreover, it is important to note that an opposite trend is not found in any of the bursts. The concave shape of the fractional amplitude profiles for all the bursts suggests latitude-dependent flame speeds, possibly due to the effects of the Coriolis force. We also systematically study the roles of low fractional amplitude and low count rate for non-detection and intermittent detections of rise oscillations, and attempt to understand them within the flame spreading scenario. Our results support a weak turbulent viscosity for flame spreading, and imply that burst rise oscillations originate from an expanding hot spot, thus making these oscillations a more reliable tool to constrain the neutron star equations of state.

  3. Edison is Back and Faster

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES Science Network RequirementsEdison ElectrifiesJob Sizeis Back

  4. Edison is Back and Faster

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear Profile 2010Mesoscopy andSavingYearOutreachEdison Down for

  5. Fact #839: September 22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #839: World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe

  6. Shoreface Morphodynamics, Back Beach Variability, and Implications of Future Sea-Level Rise for California's Sandy Shorelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harden, Erika Lynne

    2012-01-01

    rise or increased wave energy and erosion in the presence oflittoral cells, wave energy and littoral drift transportthe dissipation of wave energy and the landward propagation

  7. Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise

  8. Impacts of sea level rise and climate change on coastal plant species in the central California coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    sea level rise and climate change on coastal plant specieskm) Habitat Change due to Climate Change (C) (sq km) Habitatdistribution models for climate change studies: variable

  9. Shoreface Morphodynamics, Back Beach Variability, and Implications of Future Sea-Level Rise for California's Sandy Shorelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harden, Erika Lynne

    2012-01-01

    sea level rise or increased wave energy and erosion in theor regions of dissipated wave energy ideal for sedimententer littoral cells, wave energy and littoral drift

  10. Rising Solar Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York:Virginia: EnergyRidgeviewRincon DeJumpMissouri:Rising

  11. Evidence of thermonuclear flame spreading on neutron stars from burst rise oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakraborty, Manoneeta

    2014-01-01

    Burst oscillations during the rising phases of thermonuclear X-ray bursts are usually believed to originate from flame spreading on the neutron star surface. However, the decrease of fractional oscillation amplitude with rise time, which provides a main observational support for the flame spreading model, have so far been reported from only a few bursts. Moreover, the non-detection and intermittent detections of rise oscillations from many bursts are not yet understood considering the flame spreading scenario. Here, we report the decreasing trend of fractional oscillation amplitude from an extensive analysis of a large sample of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array bursts from ten neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. This trend is 99.99% significant for the best case, which provides, to the best of our knowledge, by far the strongest evidence of such trend. Moreover, it is important to note that an opposite trend is not found from any of the bursts. The concave shape of the fractional ampli...

  12. IN-LINE HIGH-RATE DEPOSITION OF ALUMINUM ONTO RISE SOLAR CELLS BY ELECTRON BEAM TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IN-LINE HIGH-RATE DEPOSITION OF ALUMINUM ONTO RISE SOLAR CELLS BY ELECTRON BEAM TECHNOLOGY Jens , Ruediger Meyer 3 1) Fraunhofer Institute for Electron Beam and Plasma Technology (FEP), Winterbergstr. 28 Through (RISE EWT) solar cells by electron beam high-rate evaporation of aluminum. In stationary

  13. Flow Centralities: Do they Predict the Economic Rise and Fall of States? Douglas R. White and David Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Flow Centralities: Do they Predict the Economic Rise and Fall of States? Douglas R. White and David Smith University of California, Irvine For figures and tables click http://eclectic.ss.uci.edu/~drwhite/pub/Flow a structural model of the economic rise and fall of states based on formal measures of flow centrality. Its

  14. THE RISE OF TWISTED MAGNETIC TUBES IN A STRATIFIED MEDIUM F. MORENO-INSERTIS AND T. EMONET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emonet, Thierry

    of the rising tube into two vortex filaments. For the suppression to be effective, the pitch angle tube is acted upon by gravitational torques along the rise and turns into a pair of vortex filaments of the vortex filaments. There are also indications of mechanisms producing twisted tubes. The two

  15. Test anxiety can look different for every student, but generally it is considered an overwhelming fear or apprehension about testing. There are physical characteristics (e.g. faster heart rate, upset stomach, inability to sleep),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Test anxiety can look different for every student, but generally it is considered an overwhelming fear or apprehension about testing. There are physical characteristics (e.g. faster heart rate, upset of the following strategies. Have a plan: Plan a relaxing and enjoyable day before and after the test. Expect

  16. Measuring-up in timber: A critical perspective on mid- and high-rise timber building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Patrick; Smith, Simon; Ramage, Michael

    2014-07-07

    timber elements in high-rise buildings is still in its infancy. This paper offers a new perspective on building with wood at this scale, beyond carbon sequestration and construction. Criticism of existing projects and proposals, including the authors’ own...

  17. Biotic and abiotic interactions of deep-sea hydrothermal vent-endemic fish on the East Pacific Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckman, Kate Lynn

    2009-01-01

    A study of the ecology of fish endemic to hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise was undertaken utilizing a variety of techniques, focusing on the bythitid Thermichthys hollisi. Stable isotope and gut content analyses ...

  18. Is coronary heart disease rising in India? A systematic review based on ECG defined coronary heart disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, N; Bhopal, Raj

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether coronary heart disease (CHD) is rising in India and assess the quality of the evidence. Thirty one studies were reviewed. The sample sizes of the studies varied from ...

  19. Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Pay Inequality: Post Industrialism, Globalization and Labor Market Institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael

    2006-01-01

    1, 289–325. Table 1: The Causes of Growing Pay Inequality in08 Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Paystudy to report that the causes for pay inequality di?ered

  20. Effects of Impulse Voltage Polarity, Peak Amplitude, and Rise Time on Streamers Initiated From a Needle Electrode in Transformer Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jadidian, Jouya

    An electrothermal hydrodynamic model is presented to evaluate effects of the applied lightning impulse voltage parameters such as polarity, magnitude, and rise time on the initiation and propagation of the streamers formed ...

  1. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | SEPTEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 635 In northwest England, the ground rises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in the army of Edward, the Black Prince. The rise became known as Jodrell Bank. By 1939 it had been colonized spacecraft to enter the asteroid belt beyond the orbit of Mars. Its twin, Pioneer 11, followed in April 1973

  2. Interannual variations in vital rates of copepods and euphausiids during the RISE study 2004 -5 C. Tracy Shaw1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    1 1 2 3 4 Interannual variations in vital rates of copepods and euphausiids during the RISE study and egg4 production rates of copepods to determine (a) whether zooplankton vital rates were higher in the5

  3. Eddy-driven sediment transport in the Argentine Basin: Is the height of the Zapiola Rise hydrodynamically controlled?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weijer, Wilbert; Maltrud, Mathew E.; Homoky, William B.; Polzin, Kurt L.; Maas, Leo R. M.

    2015-03-27

    In this study, we address the question whether eddy-driven transports in the Argentine Basin can be held responsible for enhanced sediment accumulation over the Zapiola Rise, hence accounting for the existence and growth of this sediment drift. To address this question, we perform a 6 year simulation with a strongly eddying ocean model. We release two passive tracers, with settling velocities that are consistent with silt and clay size particles. Our experiments show contrasting behavior between the silt fraction and the lighter clay. Due to its larger settling velocity, the silt fraction reaches a quasisteady state within a few years,more »with abyssal sedimentation rates that match net input. In contrast, clay settles only slowly, and its distribution is heavily stratified, being transported mainly along isopycnals. Yet, both size classes display a significant and persistent concentration minimum over the Zapiola Rise. We show that the Zapiola Anticyclone, a strong eddy-driven vortex that circulates around the Zapiola Rise, is a barrier to sediment transport, and hence prevents significant accumulation of sediments on the Rise. We conclude that sediment transport by the turbulent circulation in the Argentine Basin alone cannot account for the preferred sediment accumulation over the Rise. We speculate that resuspension is a critical process in the formation and maintenance of the Zapiola Rise.« less

  4. Fluorescence Rise Time Measurements for High Temperature Fluorescence-Based Thermometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, S.W.

    2005-03-24

    Certain ceramic-like phosphor materials exhibit bright fluorescence with a pronounced temperature dependence over a range which spans the cryogenic to 1700 C, depending on the specific phosphor. To measure temperature, a surface, for instance a turbine blade, is coated with the material. An optical system, sometimes including optical fibers, conveys stimulating light and collects the emission for analysis. Either emission intensity or decay time may indicate temperature. Previously fielded tests have involved surfaces such as blades, vanes, pistons, in-take valves, sheets of galvanneal steel, etc. The fluorescent coatings may be applied to small parts via sputtering methods or to large areas by mixture with inorganic binders. Presented here are results characterizing fluorescence rise times as a means of determining temperature from ambient to 700 C for Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu.

  5. Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and Sea-Level Rise with the Community Earth System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipscomb, William

    2012-06-19

    Coastal stakeholders need defensible predictions of 21st century sea-level rise (SLR). IPCC assessments suggest 21st century SLR of {approx}0.5 m under aggressive emission scenarios. Semi-empirical models project SLR of {approx}1 m or more by 2100. Although some sea-level contributions are fairly well constrained by models, others are highly uncertain. Recent studies suggest a potential large contribution ({approx}0.5 m/century) from the marine-based West Antarctic Ice Sheet, linked to changes in Southern Ocean wind stress. To assess the likelihood of fast retreat of marine ice sheets, we need coupled ice-sheet/ocean models that do not yet exist (but are well under way). CESM is uniquely positioned to provide integrated, physics based sea-level predictions.

  6. Strategy Guideline: Energy Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brozyna, K. [IBACOS, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Badger, L. [Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, Burlington, VT (United States)

    2013-04-01

    This Strategy Guideline explains the benefits of evaluating and identifying energy efficiency retrofit measures that could be made during renovation and maintenance of multifamily buildings. It focuses on low-rise multifamily structures (three or fewer stories) in a cold climate. These benefits lie primarily in reduced energy use, lower operating and maintenance costs, improved durability of the structure, and increased occupant comfort. This guideline focuses on retrofit measures for roof repair or replacement, exterior wall repair or gut rehab, and eating system maintenance. All buildings are assumed to have a flat ceiling and a trussed roof, wood- or steel-framed exterior walls, and one or more single or staged boilers. Estimated energy savings realized from the retrofits will vary, depending on the size and condition of the building, the extent of efficiency improvements, the efficiency of the heating equipment, the cost and type of fuel, and the climate location.

  7. Frequency sweep rates of rising tone electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves: Comparison between nonlinear theory and Cluster observation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Zhaoguo; Zong, Qiugang Wang, Yongfu; Liu, Siqing; Lin, Ruilin; Shi, Liqin

    2014-12-15

    Resonant pitch angle scattering by electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves has been suggested to account for the rapid loss of ring current ions and radiation belt electrons. For the rising tone EMIC wave (classified as triggered EMIC emission), its frequency sweep rate strongly affects the efficiency of pitch-angle scattering. Based on the Cluster observations, we analyze three typical cases of rising tone EMIC waves. Two cases locate at the nightside (22.3 and 22.6 magnetic local time (MLT)) equatorial region and one case locates at the duskside (18MLT) higher magnetic latitude (??=?–9.3°) region. For the three cases, the time-dependent wave amplitude, cold electron density, and cold ion density ratio are derived from satellite data; while the ambient magnetic field, thermal proton perpendicular temperature, and the wave spectral can be directly provided by observation. These parameters are input into the nonlinear wave growth model to simulate the time-frequency evolutions of the rising tones. The simulated results show good agreements with the observations of the rising tones, providing further support for the previous finding that the rising tone EMIC wave is excited through the nonlinear wave growth process.

  8. Derivation and generalization of the dispersion relation of rising-sun magnetron with sectorial and rectangular cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Di-Fu; Qian, Bao-Liang; Wang, Hong-Gang; Li, Wei

    2013-12-15

    Field analysis method is used to derive the dispersion relation of rising-sun magnetron with sectorial and rectangular cavities. This dispersion relation is then extended to the general case in which the rising-sun magnetron can be with multi-group cavities of different shapes and sizes, and from which the dispersion relations of conventional magnetron, rising-sun magnetron, and magnetron-like device can be obtained directly. The results show that the relative errors between the theoretical and simulation values of the dispersion relation are less than 3%, the relative errors between the theoretical and simulation values of the cutoff frequencies of ? mode are less than 2%. In addition, the influences of each structure parameter of the magnetron on the cutoff frequency of ? mode and on the mode separation are investigated qualitatively and quantitatively, which may be of great interest to designing a frequency tuning magnetron.

  9. Design and test results of a pulsed quadrupole magnet with a 2. mu. s rise time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bywater, J.A.; Lari, R.J.; Ratner, L.G.; Lee, Y.Y.; Fujisaki, M.; Krisch, A.D.; Terwilliger, K.M.

    1981-01-01

    Major polarization losses will be encountered during acceleration of polarized protons in the Brookhaven AGS due to eight intrinsic depolarizing resonances. Pulsing a set of 12 vertical tune shift quadrupole magnets with a 2 ..mu..s rise time, 3 ms fall, and 60 ms repetition rate should reduce these losses. This requires a gradient of 1.87 T/M over the 8.89 x 12.7 cm vacuum chamber. A ferrite core quadrupole magnet has been designed, built, and magnetically measured. The pole tip has a hyperbolic shape and the coil consists of four parallel 0.318 cm by 0.453 cm turns per pole. This approximates a current sheet 0.318 cm thick and curves to lie along a flux line. Placed as close to the vacuum chamber as possible, it minimizes the inductance of the magnet and the voltage of the power supply. Proper spacing of the four turns assures a more uniform gradient over a large aperture. Two slabs of ferrite are bonded together and machined to form one pole of half length. These are bonded end-to-end, and a prewound coil on a fiberglass support is attached. Four such pole assemblies are then assembled around the vacuum chamber and electrically connected together. The design, construction, and measurements are presented.

  10. Parametric System Curves: Correlations Between Fan Pressure Rise and Flow for Large Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, Max; Wray, Craig

    2010-05-19

    A substantial fraction of HVAC energy use in large commercial buildings is due to fan operation. Fan energy use depends in part on the relationship between system pressure drop and flow through the fan, which is commonly called a "system curve." As a step toward enabling better selections of air-handling system components and analyses of common energy efficiency measures such as duct static pressure reset and duct leakage sealing, this paper shows that a simple four-parameter physical model can be used to define system curves. Our model depends on the square of the fan flow, as is commonly considered. It also includes terms that account for linear-like flow resistances such as filters and coils, and for supply duct leakage when damper positions are fixed or are changed independently of static pressure or fan flow. Only two parameters are needed for systems with variable-position supply dampers (e.g., VAV box dampers modulating to control flow). For these systems, reducing or eliminating supply duct leakage does not change the system curve. The parametric system curve may be most useful when applied to field data. Non-linear techniques could be used to fit the curve to fan pressure rise and flow measurements over a range of operating conditions. During design, when measurements are unavailable, one could use duct design calculation tools instead to determine the coefficients.

  11. The record of sea level rise by tidal sand bodies of the English Channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berne, S; Lericolais, G. (Ifremer, Plouzane, (France)); Lafont, F. (Universite d'Orsay (France))

    1990-05-01

    Improvements of very high resolution seismic reflection provide new information about internal structures of modern sand bodies. This allows us to reconstruct their recent history, which is related to the Holocene sea level rise. A major distinction is found between inner shelf sand bodies, dominated by autocyclic processes, and outer shelf sand bodies, where allocyclic processes are invoked to explain the apparent contradiction between internal structures and present-day dynamics. On the inner shelf, evidence of the migration of tidal dunes (sand waves) has been obtained by repeated surveys using accurate positioning systems. Major bounding surfaces are thought to result from the action of tidal current and/or from episodic storms. A rough estimation of the age of these sand bodies can be proposed. On the outer shelf, some dunes of the English Channel exhibit cross-beds indicative of a past net bed-load transport at the opposite of present days dynamics, inherited from different tidal conditions when sea level was between 20 and 40 m lower. Some large tidal sand banks (e.g., the Sark Bank near the Channel Islands) display a more complicated pattern. The upper part of the sand bank is the result of the migration of very large dunes climbing at positive angles, whereas the lower part shows major erosional surfaces, attributed to the action of storms during lower sea levels.

  12. Fractal and Multifractal Analysis of the Rise of Oxygen in Earth's Early Atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satish Kumar; Manfred Cuntz; Zdzislaw E. Musielak

    2015-06-09

    The rise of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere that occurred 2.4 to 2.2 billion years ago is known as the Earth's Great Oxidation, and its impact on the development of life on Earth has been profound. Thereafter, the increase in Earth's oxygen level persisted, though at a more gradual pace. The proposed underlying mathematical models for these processes are based on physical parameters whose values are currently not well-established owing to uncertainties in geological and biological data. In this paper, a previously developed model of Earth's atmosphere is modified by adding different strengths of noise to account for the parameters' uncertainties. The effects of the noise on the time variations of oxygen, carbon and methane for the early Earth are investigated by using fractal and multifractal analysis. We show that the time variations following the Great Oxidation cannot properly be described by a single fractal dimension because they exhibit multifractal characteristics. The obtained results demonstrate that the time series as obtained exhibit multifractality caused by long-range time correlations.

  13. Digging deeper: Fine root responses to rising atmospheric [CO2] in forested ecosystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iversen, Colleen M [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    Experimental evidence from a diverse set of forested ecosystems indicates that CO2 enrichment may lead to deeper rooting distributions. While the causes of greater root production at deeper soil depths under elevated CO2 concentration ([CO2]) require further investigation, altered rooting distributions are expected to affect important ecosystem processes. The depth at which fine roots are produced may influence root chemistry, physiological function, and mycorrhizal infection, leading to altered nitrogen (N) uptake rates and slower turnover. Also, soil processes such as microbial decomposition are slowed at depth in the soil, potentially affecting the rate at which root detritus becomes incorporated into soil organic matter. Deeper rooting distributions under elevated [CO2] provide exciting opportunities to use novel sensors and chemical analyses throughout the soil profile to track the effects of root proliferation on carbon (C) and N cycling. Models do not currently incorporate information on root turnover and C and N cycling at depth in the soil, and modification is necessary to accurately represent processes associated with altered rooting depth distributions. Progress in understanding and modeling the interface between deeper rooting distributions under elevated [CO2] and soil C and N cycling will be critical in projecting the sustainability of forest responses to rising atmospheric [CO2].

  14. Rising atmospheric CO{sub 2} and crops: Research methodology and direct effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, H.; Acock, B.

    1993-12-31

    Carbon dioxide is the food of trees and grass. Our relentless pursuit of a better life has taken us down a traffic jammed road, past smoking factories and forests. This pursuit is forcing a rise in the atmospheric CO{sub 2} level, and no one know when and if flood stage will be reached. Some thinkers have suggested that this increase of CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere will cause warming. No matter whether this prediction is realized or not, more CO{sub 2} will directly affect plants. Data from controlled observations have usually, but not always, shown benefits. Our choices of scientific equipment for gathering CO{sub 2} response data are critical since we must see what is happening through the eye of the instrument. The signals derived from our sensors will ultimately determine the truth of our conclusions, conclusion which will profoundly influence our policy decisions. Experimental gear is selected on the basis of scale of interest and problem to be addressed. Our imaginations and our budgets interact to set bounds on our objectives and approaches. Techniques run the gamut from cellular microprobes through whole-plant controlled environment chambers to field-scale exposure systems. Trade-offs exist among the various CO{sub 2} exposure techniques, and many factors impinge on the choice of a method. All exposure chambers are derivatives of three primary types--batch, plug flow, and continuous stirred tank reactor. Systems for the generation of controlled test atmospheres of CO{sub 2} vary in two basic ways--size and degree of control. Among the newest is free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment which allows tens of square meters of cropland to be studied.

  15. Autism rate rises; disorder now affects 1 in 88 By LONA O'CONNOR AND CHARLES ELMORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Autism rate rises; disorder now affects 1 in 88 children By LONA O'CONNOR AND CHARLES ELMORE Palm, 2012 A new estimate released Thursday says autism affects more children than ever - 1 in 88, like magnetic waves," said Jack Scott, executive director of the Center for Autism and Related

  16. Oscillatory Rise of Bubbles in Wormlike Micellar Fluids with Different Microstructures Nestor Z. Handzy and Andrew Belmonte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Newtonian, according to whether the Navier-Stokes equation does or does not accurately de- scribe the fluid's motion. Newtonian fluids consist of molecules small enough to be approximated by point masses (such as air and water [13]. Also, rising air bubbles and falling solid spheres have been observed to oscillate without

  17. The Rise of Spintronics in CVD Graphene Graphene's potential for spin based electronics is well known. However, a crucial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Shao Q

    The Rise of Spintronics in CVD Graphene Graphene's potential for spin based electronics is well of graphene based spintronics applications. Manipulating electron charge is central to conventional electronic, or spintronics. In contrast to charge based applications, spin based applications are expected to be not only

  18. 20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise% in the sequences of ``black shales" that were deposited over a period of $20 million years. Similarly long periods. Although containing mostly marine organic matter, the black shales have TOC/TN molar ratios between 20

  19. EA-2020: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (RIN# 1904-AD56)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of implementing the provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including low-rise residential buildings.

  20. Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 deltas is adapted to describe the response of the Fly-Strickland River system, Papua of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Pleistocene-Holocene eustatic sea level rise of some 120 m

  1. Study of biological processes on the US South Atlantic slope and rise. Phase 1: Benthic characterization. Volume 2. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, J.A.; Hecker, B.; Grassle, J.F.; Maciolek-Blake, N.; Brown, B.

    1985-06-01

    Concerns about the potential effects of oil and gas exploration on the U.S. Continental Slope and Rise led to the initiation of a deep-sea characterization study off North Carolina. The biological communities off North Carolina were poorly known, and prior to any drilling activities, a limited regional data base was required. The program included a seasonal characterization of biological and surficial geological properties at a limited number of slope and rise sites, with special emphasis on areas of high oil industry interest. A rich and highly diverse benthic infauna was discovered, with a large percentage of the 877 species being new to science. Annelids were the dominant taxa both in terms of density, numbers of species, and biomass. Foraminiferan tests comprised most of the sand fraction. Hydrographic data indicated some intrusion of colder water on the upper slope benthos from deeper water.

  2. Human rights and South-South Development Cooperation: reflections on the 'rising powers' as international development actors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mawdsley, Emma

    & soc’y 128 (2008); Debra Shushan & Christopher Marcoux, The Rise (and Decline?) of Arab Aid: Generosity and Allocation in the Oil Era, 39 worlD Dev. 1969, 1970–1971 (2011). Vol. 36632 HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY as the formulation and achievement of human... , and attempts to foster stronger Third World diplomatic alliances and platforms within the UN while promoting South-South economic integration. At official events and in speeches, pub- lications, and communiqués, SSDC is repeatedly and consistently framed...

  3. Interaction-powered supernovae: rise-time versus peak-luminosity correlation and the shock-breakout velocity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ofek, Eran O.; Arcavi, Iair; Tal, David; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Ben-Ami, Sagi; De Cia, Annalisa; Yaron, Ofer; Sullivan, Mark; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Cao, Yi; Nugent, Peter E.; Bersier, David; Cenko, S. Bradley; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Fransson, Claes; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Laher, Russ; Surace, Jason; Quimby, Robert

    2014-06-20

    Interaction of supernova (SN) ejecta with the optically thick circumstellar medium (CSM) of a progenitor star can result in a bright, long-lived shock-breakout event. Candidates for such SNe include Type IIn and superluminous SNe. If some of these SNe are powered by interaction, then there should be a specific relation between their peak luminosity, bolometric light-curve rise time, and shock-breakout velocity. Given that the shock velocity during shock breakout is not measured, we expect a correlation, with a significant spread, between the rise time and the peak luminosity of these SNe. Here, we present a sample of 15 SNe IIn for which we have good constraints on their rise time and peak luminosity from observations obtained using the Palomar Transient Factory. We report on a possible correlation between the R-band rise time and peak luminosity of these SNe, with a false-alarm probability of 3%. Assuming that these SNe are powered by interaction, combining these observables and theory allows us to deduce lower limits on the shock-breakout velocity. The lower limits on the shock velocity we find are consistent with what is expected for SNe (i.e., ?10{sup 4} km s{sup –1}). This supports the suggestion that the early-time light curves of SNe IIn are caused by shock breakout in a dense CSM. We note that such a correlation can arise from other physical mechanisms. Performing such a test on other classes of SNe (e.g., superluminous SNe) can be used to rule out the interaction model for a class of events.

  4. Study of biological processes on the US South Atlantic slope and rise. Phase 1: Benthic characterization. Volume 1. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, J.A.; Hecker, B.; Grassle, J.F.; Maciolek-Blake, N.; Brown, B.

    1985-06-01

    Concerns about the potential effects of oil and gas exploration on the U.S. Continental Slope and Rise led to the initiation of a deep-sea characterization study off North Carolina. The program included a seasonal characterization of biological and surficial geological properties at a limited number of slope and rise sites, with special emphasis on areas of high oil industry interest. A five-station transect was established off Cape Lookout in depths of 600 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, 2000 m and 3000 m. A rich and highly diverse benthic infauna was discovered, with a large percentage of the 877 species being new to science. Faunal density was highest on the upper slope (600 m) and lowest on the continental rise (3000 m). Species diversity values were all higher than 6.0, indicating a very diverse fauna, with the highest values at 3000 m. Foraminiferan tests comprised most of the sand fraction. Hydrographic data indicated some intrusion of colder water on the upper slope benthos from deeper water.

  5. Rising temperatures at the onset of summer prompt many of us to think about and remind employees about the dangers of heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    mechanisms to dissipate excess heat. First the heart pumps faster and blood vessels dilate (i.e., expand, military and some industrial settings has yielded lessons about heat stress that are very applicable about the dangers of heat stress. Heat is a fact of life in the fields, a common work condition in most

  6. Impact of rising greenhouse gases on mid-latitude storm tracks and associated hydroclimate variability and change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seager, Richard

    2014-12-08

    Project Summary This project aimed to advance physical understanding of how and why the mid-latitude jet streams and storm tracks shift in intensity and latitude in response to changes in radiative forcing with an especial focus on rising greenhouse gases. The motivation, and much of the work, stemmed from the importance that these mean and transient atmospheric circulation systems have for hydroclimate. In particular drying and expansion of the subtropical dry zones has been related to a poleward shift of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks. The work involved integrated assessment of observation and model projections as well as targeted model simulations.

  7. EA-1871: Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, “EE Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings” and 10 CFR 435, “EE Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE‘s Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings? and 10 CFR 435, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings? Baseline Standards Update. The final rule updates the baseline standards in 10 CFR 433 and 10 CFR 435 to the latest private sector standards based on the cost-effectiveness of the latest private sector standards and DOE‘s determination that energy efficiency has been improved in these codes as required by 42 U.S.C 6831 et seq. DOE is issuing its final determinations on American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE)/Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) Standard 90.1-2007 (ASHRAE 2007) and the International Code Council‘s 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) in the same edition of the Federal Register as this final rule.

  8. Program Optimization for Faster Genetic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-04-24

    [1] that together speed up the evolution process by at least a factor of ten. ..... Algorithm discovery using the genetic programming paradigm: Extracting ...

  9. Overlapping Experiment Infrastructure: More, Better, Faster Experimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Agarwal, Deirdre O'Brien, Mike Meyer Google, Inc. Mountain View, CA [diane and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

  10. Approximate String Matching: A Simpler Faster Algorithm #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Richard

    prefix of the pattern and every prefix of the text, not counting any cost for characters in the text. + Courant Institute, New York University, cole@cs.nyu.edu. # Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, ramesh and rows associated with pattern prefixes of increasing length ordered downwards. Each entry in this array

  11. Faster computation of adiabatic EMRIs using resonances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebecca Grossman; Janna Levin; Gabe Perez-Giz

    2011-08-08

    Motivated by the prohibitive computational cost of producing adiabatic extreme mass ratio inspirals, we explain how a judicious use of resonant orbits can dramatically expedite both that calculation and the generation of snapshot gravitational waves from geodesic sources. In the course of our argument, we clarify the resolution of a lingering debate on the appropriate adiabatic averaging prescription in favor of torus averaging over time averaging.

  12. Collective renovation : case study on the public / private relationship in high-density low-rise residential areas of central Tokyo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizuguchi, Saki

    2012-01-01

    This thesis starts with the interest in the undefined open spaces of high-density low-rise (HDLR) residential areas in Tokyo. In these spaces, one can witness numerous examples of overlapping public and private uses. For ...

  13. The Technical and Economical Analysis of a Centralized Air-Conditioning System with Cold Storage Refrigeration in High-Rise Residential Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang, C.; Xie, G.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, the application of a centralized air-conditioning system (CACS) with cold storage refrigeration in high-rise residential buildings has gradually increased. Due to the large difference between civil residential buildings...

  14. A high rise multi-use building for Boston : an investigation into the nature and organization of public space in a tall building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiner, David Jay

    1984-01-01

    This thesis is essentially a study of how to organize public space vertically in a tall building. In most cases, high rise buildings tend to be organized in one of two ways, either centrally, with the core elements in the ...

  15. Postsunset rise of F layer height in the equatorial region and its relation to the F layer dynamo polarization fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goel, M.K.; Singh, S.S.; Rao, B.C.N. (National Physical Lab., New Delhi (India))

    1990-05-01

    The ionosonde data are studied for equatorial station, Thumba, to delineate various features of the evening height rise of F layer. Sharp increase of h'F and h{sub p}F2 is observed in the postsunset period for high solar activity. Seasonal variation is observed in this increase of h'F and it is maximum for equinox months. For summer months, there is a delay of about an hour in the time of occurrence of h'F (peak) as compared to winter and equinox months. This delay is shown to be associated with the delay in sunset times in the conjugate E regions. As for magnetic activity dependence, it is found that this height increase is less pronounced for disturbed days for winter and equinox whereas for summer it is marginally higher over the quiet day values. Further, it is observed that the value of h'F (peak) during disturbed periods is almost at the same value of 350 km for all the three seasons. Thus the seasonal variation of magnetic activity effects appears to be mainly governed by the average seasonal variation for quiet times. The increase in F layer height is due to zonal eastward electric fields developed after sunset which is believed to be due to F region dynamo fields. While the main driving force for these fields is the zonal neutral winds, the development of these fields depend on the ratio of the F region to E region conductivity and the longitudinal gradient in the E region conductivity. Experimental observations of both the neutral winds and ionospheric conductivities are examined for their variation with solar activity, season and magnetic activity as both these factors will contribute for the various observed features of the height rise.

  16. Rising Above Chaotic Likelihoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hailiang Du; Leonard A. Smith

    2014-10-06

    Berliner (Likelihood and Bayesian prediction for chaotic systems, J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 1991) identified a number of difficulties in using the likelihood function within the Bayesian paradigm for state estimation and parameter estimation of chaotic systems. Even when the equations of the system are given, he demonstrated "chaotic likelihood functions" of initial conditions and parameter values in the 1-D Logistic Map. Chaotic likelihood functions, while ultimately smooth, have such complicated small scale structure as to cast doubt on the possibility of identifying high likelihood estimates in practice. In this paper, the challenge of chaotic likelihoods is overcome by embedding the observations in a higher dimensional sequence-space, which is shown to allow good state estimation with finite computational power. An Importance Sampling approach is introduced, where Pseudo-orbit Data Assimilation is employed in the sequence-space in order first to identify relevant pseudo-orbits and then relevant trajectories. Estimates are identified with likelihoods orders of magnitude higher than those previously identified in the examples given by Berliner. Importance Sampling uses the information from both system dynamics and observations. Using the relevant prior will, of course, eventually yield an accountable sample, but given the same computational resource this traditional approach would provide no high likelihood points at all. Berliner's central conclusion is supported. "chaotic likelihood functions" for parameter estimation still pose challenge; this fact is used to clarify why physical scientists tend to maintain a strong distinction between the initial condition uncertainty and parameter uncertainty.

  17. Diesel prices rise slightly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural Gas UsageDiesel prices increase nationallyDiesel

  18. Final Report on "Rising CO2 and Long-term Carbon Storage in Terrestrial Ecosystems: An Empirical Carbon Budget Validation"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Patrick Megonigal; Bert G. Drake

    2010-08-27

    The primary goal of this report is to report the results of Grant DE-FG02-97ER62458, which began in 1997 as Grant DOE-98-59-MP-4 funded through the TECO program. However, this project has a longer history because DOE also funded this study from its inception in 1985 through 1997. The original grant was focused on plant responses to elevated CO2 in an intact ecosystem, while the latter grant was focused on belowground responses. Here we summarize the major findings across the 25 years this study has operated, and note that the experiment will continue to run through 2020 with NSF support. The major conclusions of the study to date are: (1 Elevated CO2 stimulated plant productivity in the C3 plant community by ~30% during the 25 year study. The magnitude of the increase in productivity varied interannually and was sometime absent altogether. There is some evidence of down-regulation at the ecosystem level across the 25 year record that may be due to interactions with other factors such as sea-level rise or long-term changes in N supply; (2) Elevated CO2 stimulated C4 productivity by <10%, perhaps due to more efficient water use, but C3 plants at elevated CO2 did not displace C4 plants as predicted; (3) Increased primary production caused a general stimulation of microbial processes, but there were both increases and decreases in activity depending on the specific organisms considered. An increase in methanogenesis and methane emissions implies elevated CO2 may amplify radiative forcing in the case of wetland ecosystems; (4) Elevated CO2 stimulated soil carbon sequestration in the form of an increase in elevation. The increase in elevation is 50-100% of the increase in net ecosystem production caused by elevated CO2 (still under analysis). The increase in soil elevation suggests the elevated CO2 may have a positive outcome for the ability of coastal wetlands to persist despite accelerated sea level rise; (5) Crossing elevated CO2 with elevated N causes the elevated CO2 effect to diminish, with consequences for change in soil elevation.

  19. A modeling study of coastal inundation induced by storm surge, sea-level rise, and subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Kraucunas, Ian P.; Rice, Jennie S.; Preston, Benjamin; Wilbanks, Thomas

    2013-12-10

    The northern coasts of the Gulf of Mexico are highly vulnerable to the direct threats of climate change, such as hurricane-induced storm surge, and such risks can be potentially exacerbated by land subsidence and global sea level rise. This paper presents an application of a coastal storm surge model to study the coastal inundation process induced by tide and storm surge, and its response to the effects of land subsidence and sea level rise in the northern Gulf coast. An unstructured-grid Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model was used to simulate tides and hurricane-induced storm surges in the Gulf of Mexico. Simulated distributions of co-amplitude and co-phase of semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are in good agreement with previous modeling studies. The storm surges induced by four historical hurricanes (Rita, Katrina, Ivan and Dolly) were simulated and compared to observed water levels at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration tide stations. Effects of coastal subsidence and future global sea level rise on coastal inundation in the Louisiana coast were evaluated using a parameter “change of inundation depth” through sensitivity simulations that were based on a projected future subsidence scenario and 1-m global sea level rise by the end of the century. Model results suggested that hurricane-induced storm surge height and coastal inundation could be exacerbated by future global sea level rise and subsidence, and that responses of storm surge and coastal inundation to the effects of sea level rise and subsidence are highly nonlinear and vary on temporal and spatial scales.

  20. Multi-Parametric Study of Rising 3D Buoyant Flux Tubes in an Adiabatic Stratification Using AMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez-Sykora, Juan; Cheung, Mark C M

    2015-01-01

    We study the buoyant rise of magnetic flux tubes embedded in an adiabatic stratification using two-and three-dimensional, MHD simulations. We analyze the dependence of the tube evolution on the field line twist and on the curvature of the tube axis in different diffusion regimes. To be able to achieve a comparatively high spatial resolution we use the FLASH code, which has a built-in Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) capability. Our 3D experiments reach Reynolds numbers that permit a reasonable comparison of the results with those of previous 2D simulations. When the experiments are run without AMR, hence with a comparatively large diffusivity, the amount of longitudinal magnetic flux retained inside the tube increases with the curvature of the tube axis. However, when a low-diffusion regime is reached by using the AMR algorithms, the magnetic twist is able to prevent the splitting of the magnetic loop into vortex tubes and the loop curvature does not play any significant role. We detect the generation of vortic...

  1. The continuance of a rise in prices in a Western economy well after a downturn in final demands, termed "Stagflation," has been a puzzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickerhauser, M. Victor

    Abstract The continuance of a rise in prices in a Western economy well after a downturn in final include the use of input-output (or interindustry) tables. In conclusion, at the end of this paper, attention is drawn to the computability of projections of industrial price-levels and rates of return

  2. Increasing Gas Prices: Good Economics, but Bad Public Relations Rising gasoline prices captured the attention of the press and politicians in recent months,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Increasing Gas Prices: Good Economics, but Bad Public Relations Rising gasoline prices captured interest during our current gasoline shortage. That is, a higher price rations the product to the best use for temporarily foregoing the state gasoline tax. Will that lower gas prices? No. Gas prices rose not because

  3. Faced with rising fuel costs, building and home owners are looking for energy-efficient solutions. Improving the building envelope (roof or attic system, walls,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Faced with rising fuel costs, building and home owners are looking for energy- efficient solutions penetration rates; validate models; and assist industry to develop new and more energy-efficient materials systems) resulting in affordable, moisture-durable products to increase energy efficiency. · ORNL

  4. Faced with rising fuel costs, building and home owners are looking for energy-efficient solutions. Improving the building envelope (roof or attic system, walls,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Faced with rising fuel costs, building and home owners are looking for energy- efficient solutions rates; validate models; and assist industry to develop new and more energy-efficient materials-durable products to increase energy efficiency. · ORNL established test facilities to measure essential property

  5. Abstract--The rising popularity of cloud computing and big data applications has led to massive volumes of rack-to-rack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Abstract--The rising popularity of cloud computing and big data applications has led to massive computing and big data applications continue to grow in scope and scale, they introduce increasing inter unicast, multicast, incast and all-to-all cast. Effective support of these traffic patterns in data center

  6. Magnetic properties of Pleistocene-Pliocene sediments from hole 810C, Shatsky Rise, and implications for the origin and correlatibility of their magnetic susceptibility variations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polgreen, Evelyn Louise

    1993-01-01

    the summit of the rise, using the advanced hydraulic piston corer to achieve virtually complete recovery in the upper 127 meters below the sea floor. The down-core stratigraphy of whole-core magnetic susceptibility displayed peaks with amplitudes of 30-40 x...

  7. Impact of dynamic feedbacks between sedimentation, sea-level rise, and biomass production on near-surface marsh stratigraphy and carbon accumulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudd, Simon Marius

    -surface marsh stratigraphy and carbon accumulation Simon M. Mudd a,*, Susan M. Howell b , James T. Morris c model we explore how marsh stratigraphy responds to sediment supply and the rate of sea- level rise. It is calibrated and tested using an extensive data set of both marsh stratigraphy and measurements of vegetation

  8. Test of universal rise of hadronic total cross sections based on {pi}p, Kp and pp, pp scatterings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishida, Muneyuki; Igi, Keiji [Department of Physics, School of Science and Engineering, Meisei University, Hino, Tokyo 191-8506 (Japan); Theoretical Physics Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

    2009-05-01

    Recently, there have been several evidences that the hadronic total cross section {sigma}{sub tot} is proportional to Blog{sup 2}s, which is consistent with the Froissart unitarity bound. The COMPETE Collaboration has further assumed {sigma}{sub tot}{approx_equal}Blog{sup 2}(s/s{sub 0})+Z to extend its universal rise with the common values of B and s{sub 0} for all hadronic scatterings to reduce the number of adjustable parameters. It was suggested that the coefficient B was universal in the arguments of the color glass condensate of QCD in recent years. However, there has been no rigorous proof yet based only on QCD. We attempt to investigate the value of B for {pi}{sup {+-}}p, K{sup {+-}}p and pp, pp scatterings, respectively, through the search for the simultaneous best fit to the experimental {sigma}{sub tot} and {rho} ratios at high energies. The {sigma}{sub tot} at the resonance- and intermediate-energy regions has also been exploited as a duality constraint based on the special form of the finite-energy sum rule. We estimate the values of B, s{sub 0}, and Z individually for {pi}{sup {+-}}p, K{sup {+-}}p and pp, pp scatterings without using the universality hypothesis. It turns out that the values of B are mutually consistent within 1 standard deviation. It has to be stressed that we cannot obtain such a definite conclusion without the duality constraint. It is also interesting to note that the values of Z for {pi}p, Kp, and p(p)p approximately satisfy the ratio 2 ratio 2 ratio 3 predicted by the quark model. The obtained value of B for p(p)p is B{sub pp}=0.280{+-}0.015 mb, which predicts {sigma}{sub tot}{sup pp}=108.0{+-}1.9 mb and {rho}{sup pp}=0.131{+-}0.0025 at the LHC energy {radical}(s)=14 TeV.

  9. Anode initiated impulse breakdown in water: the dependence on pulse rise time for nanosecond and sub-nanosecond pulses and initiation mechanism based on electrostriction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Yohan; Dobrynin, Danil

    2015-01-01

    The effect of the voltage rise time on nanosecond and sub-nanosecond impulse breakdown of distilled water is studied. The dependence of anode initiated streamer inception on this parameter is shown to be more intricate than previously reported, particularly as it relates to mechanisms directly in the liquid phase. Dynamics of the emission phase for sub-nanosecond pulses with 600ps rise time are presented to enable comparison with previous work on nanosecond initiation features. Schlieren imaging is also used to show the development of optical density perturbations and rarefactions as a result of electrostriction in the liquid which were previously found for nanosecond pulses as well. The mechanism of nanopore generation in the liquid due to fast impulses proposed by Shneider, Pekker and Fridman is used to explain the results.

  10. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01

    -CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA, JAGIELLONIAN UNIVERSITY, KRAK... and is an exception to the general process presented. Re- cently one more analysis of the process of formation of modern European states was proposed by Philip Gorski in his excellent work on the disciplinary revolution and its consequences for the emergence...

  11. Adapting to sea-level rise in the US Southeast: The influence of built infrastructure and biophysical factors on the inundation of coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, R.C. |; Gornitz, V.M.; Mehta, A.J.; Lee, Saychong; Cushman, R.M.

    1992-11-01

    The earth` s global mean surface air temperature has increased by 0.5{degrees}C over the past 100 years. This warming trend has occurred concurrently with increases in the concentration and number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases may cause this trend to accelerate in the future and result in a net increase in the earth`s global mean surface air temperature of 1.5 to 4.5{degrees}C by the year 2100. An increase of this magnitude could cause sea surface temperatures to increase would cause sea levels to rise -from thermal expansion of the sea, and the addition of melt waters from alpine glaciers and continental ice sheets. To allow for the cost-effective analysis of the impacts that sea-level rise may have on the US Southeast, a method is needed that will allow sites that are potentially at risk to be identified for study. Previously, no objective method was available to identify such sites. This project addresses this problem by using a geographic data base with information on both physical and climatological factors to identify coastal areas of the US Southeast that are at risk to inundation or accelerated erosion due to sea-level rise. The following six areas were selected for further study from the many identified as being at high risk: Galveston, Texas; Caminada Pass, Louisiana; Bradenton Beach, Florida; Daytona Beach, Florida; McClellanville, South Carolina; and Nags Head, North Carolina. For each study area the amount of land, by land use type, in danger from inundation from three sea-level-rise scenarios was calculated. The calculated values were based on elevation alone.

  12. Adapting to sea-level rise in the US Southeast: The influence of built infrastructure and biophysical factors on the inundation of coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, R. C.; Gornitz, V. M.; Mehta, A. J.; Lee, Saychong

    1992-11-01

    The earth' s global mean surface air temperature has increased by 0.5°C over the past 100 years. This warming trend has occurred concurrently with increases in the concentration and number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases may cause this trend to accelerate in the future and result in a net increase in the earth's global mean surface air temperature of 1.5 to 4.5°C by the year 2100. An increase of this magnitude could cause sea surface temperatures to increase would cause sea levels to rise -from thermal expansion of the sea, and the addition of melt waters from alpine glaciers and continental ice sheets. To allow for the cost-effective analysis of the impacts that sea-level rise may have on the US Southeast, a method is needed that will allow sites that are potentially at risk to be identified for study. Previously, no objective method was available to identify such sites. This project addresses this problem by using a geographic data base with information on both physical and climatological factors to identify coastal areas of the US Southeast that are at risk to inundation or accelerated erosion due to sea-level rise. The following six areas were selected for further study from the many identified as being at high risk: Galveston, Texas; Caminada Pass, Louisiana; Bradenton Beach, Florida; Daytona Beach, Florida; McClellanville, South Carolina; and Nags Head, North Carolina. For each study area the amount of land, by land use type, in danger from inundation from three sea-level-rise scenarios was calculated. The calculated values were based on elevation alone.

  13. Study of biological processes on the US South Atlantic slope and rise. Phase 2. Volume 1. Executive summary. Report for November 1985-March 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, J.A.; Hecker, B.; Grassle, J.F.; Brown, B.; Wade, M.

    1987-03-30

    A total of 16 stations were sampled during a 2-year field program designed to characterize the biological, chemical, and sedimentary processes on the slope and rise off North and South Carolina. Box cores were taken along 4 transects at depths of 600-3500 m. The infauna yielded a total of 1202 species, 520 of which were new to science. Annelids were the dominant taxa in terms of density and numbers of species. Species diversity was highest at an 800 m site off Charleston. Higher than normal lead and hydrocarbon inventories suggest enhanced scavenging processes in the area.

  14. The Rise of the Vulcans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Charbonneau

    2008-08-21

    In this introductory review presented at the IAU Symposium 253 "Transiting Planets", I summarize the path from the initial 1995 radial-velocity discovery of hot Jupiters to the current rich panoply of investigations that are afforded when such objects are observed to transit their parent stars. Forty transiting exoplanets are now known, and the time for that population to double has dropped below one year. It is only for these objects that we have direct estimates of their masses and radii, and for which (at the current time) we can undertake direct studies of the chemistries and dynamics of their atmospheres. Informed by the successes of hot Jupiter studies, I outline a path for the spectroscopic study of certain habitable exoplanets that obviates the need for direct imaging.

  15. Effect of Sea Level Rise

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EVthe next generationEffect of Sea Level

  16. Diesel prices continue to rise

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural Gas Usage FormDiesel pricesDiesel prices

  17. Energy transport faster than light in good conductors and superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Y. Wang

    2012-02-09

    People need a model to study tachyons whose prediction can be tested easily. The dispersion relation w^2=k^2C^2-a^2C^2 of a low-frequency electromagnetic field in good conductors is equivalent to the energy-momentum equation E^2=p^2C^2-m^2C^4 of a tachyon where the proportionality coefficient is h^2. An experiment in 1980s to measure the phase velocity Vp [1] can be regarded as an indirect evidence of the superluminal velocity V>>c of those photons just equals the rate of energy flow S/w of the field.Instability of the tachyonic field corresponds to the Joule heat. To detect the speed of energy is difficult and we plan to modulate signals to observe the information velocity (speed of points of non-analyticity)[2].

  18. Elements of a Faster Fusion Program A personal perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and not on the niceties of our science or technology options. We need to speak the language of our customers. Roadmaps

  19. Far East LPG sales will grow faster than in West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-30

    LPG sales through 2010 in regions east of the Suez Canal (East of Suez) will grow at more than twice those in regions west of the canal. East-of-Suez sales will grow at more than 4.0%/year, compared to slightly less than 2.0%/year growth in sales West of Suez. East-of-Suez sales will reach 92 million tons/year (tpy) by 2010, accounting for 39% of the worldwide total. This share was 31% in1995 and only 27% in 1990. LPG sales worldwide will reach 192 million tons in 2000 and 243 million tpy by 2010. In 1995, they were 163 million tons. These are some of the major conclusions of a recent study by Frank R. Spadine, Christine Kozar, and Rudy Clark of New York City-based consultant Poten and Partners Inc. Details of the study are in the fall report ``World Trade in LPG 1990--2010``. This paper discusses demand segments, seaborne balance, Western sources, largest trading region, North American supplies, and other supplies.

  20. Faster identification of optimal contraction sequences for tensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Jutho Haegeman; Frank Verstraete

    2015-12-23

    The efficient evaluation of tensor expressions involving sums over multiple indices is of significant importance to many fields of research, including quantum many-body physics, loop quantum gravity, and quantum chemistry. The computational cost of evaluating an expression may depend strongly upon the order in which the index sums are evaluated, and determination of the operation-minimising contraction sequence for a single tensor network (single term, in quantum chemistry) is known to be NP-hard. The current preferred solution is an exhaustive search, using either an iterative depth-first approach with pruning or dynamic programming and memoisation, but these approaches are impractical for many of the larger tensor network Ansaetze encountered in quantum many-body physics. We present a modified search algorithm with enhanced pruning which exhibits a performance increase of several orders of magnitude while still guaranteeing identification of an optimal operation-minimising contraction sequence for a single tensor network. A reference implementation for MATLAB, compatible with the ncon() and multienv() network contractors of arXiv:1402.0939 and arXiv:1310.8023 respectively, is supplied.

  1. A Faster Hardware Implementation of RSA Ajay C Shantilal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , RNS, Chinese remainder theorem power anal- ysis, timing attacks. I. Introduction. It is widely multiplication is based on Redundant Number System (RNS). In RNS an integer is Author is a graduate student-mail: ajay@ece.orst.edu represented by set of its residues in terms of base elements of RNS, and thus

  2. Rayleigh-Taylor Unstable Flames -- Fast or Faster?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, E P

    2015-01-01

    Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) unstable flames play a key role in the explosions of Type Ia supernovae. However, the dynamics of these flames is still not well-understood. RT unstable flames are affected by both the RT instability of the flame front and by RT-generated turbulence. The coexistence of these factors complicates the choice of flame speed subgrid models for full-star Type Ia simulations. Both processes can stretch and wrinkle the flame surface, increasing its area and, therefore, the burning rate. In past research, subgrid models have been based on either the RT instability or turbulence setting the flame speed. We evaluate both models, checking their assumptions and their ability to correctly predict the turbulent flame speed. Specifically, we analyze a large parameter study of 3D direct numerical simulations of RT unstable model flames. This study varies both the simulation domain width and the gravity in order to probe a wide range of flame behaviors. We show that RT unstable flames are different from tr...

  3. Faster Quantum Walk Search on a Weighted Graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas G. Wong

    2015-07-27

    A randomly walking quantum particle evolving by Schr\\"odinger's equation searches for a unique marked vertex on the "simplex of complete graphs" in time $\\Theta(N^{3/4})$. In this paper, we give a weighted version of this graph that preserves vertex-transitivity, and we show that the time to search on it can be reduced to nearly $\\Theta(\\sqrt{N})$. To prove this, we introduce two novel extensions to degenerate perturbation theory: an adjustment that distinguishes the weights of the edges, and a method to determine how precisely the jumping rate of the quantum walk must be chosen.

  4. The Digital Road to Scientific Knowledge Diffusion; A Faster...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of knowledge. In particular, it is important to understand whether advances in Internet searching can speed up the diffusion of scientific knowledge and accelerate...

  5. An approach for faster high field magnet technology development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafalia, R.R.

    2011-01-01

    inaugural test of the new Subsea Ie Magnet Test Faci lity.took about 4 hours. Fig. 5. Subsea Ie module being prepared

  6. Faster Private Set Intersection based on OT Extension (Full Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    circuits and 1https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2012/09/deep-dive-facebook-and-datalogix- whats-actually that Facebook and Datalogix, a consumer data collection company, perform this type of measurements.1 (The ar

  7. 300x Faster Matlab using MatlabMPI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeremy Kepner; Stan Ahalt

    2002-07-18

    The true costs of high performance computing are currently dominated by software. Addressing these costs requires shifting to high productivity languages such as Matlab. MatlabMPI is a Matlab implementation of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard and allows any Matlab program to exploit multiple processors. MatlabMPI currently implements the basic six functions that are the core of the MPI point-to-point communications standard. The key technical innovation of MatlabMPI is that it implements the widely used MPI ``look and feel'' on top of standard Matlab file I/O, resulting in an extremely compact (~250 lines of code) and ``pure'' implementation which runs anywhere Matlab runs, and on any heterogeneous combination of computers. The performance has been tested on both shared and distributed memory parallel computers (e.g. Sun, SGI, HP, IBM and Linux). MatlabMPI can match the bandwidth of C based MPI at large message sizes. A test image filtering application using MatlabMPI achieved a speedup of ~300 using 304 CPUs and ~15% of the theoretical peak (450 Gigaflops) on an IBM SP2 at the Maui High Performance Computing Center. In addition, this entire parallel benchmark application was implemented in 70 software-lines-of-code (SLOC) yielding 0.85 Gigaflop/SLOC or 4.4 CPUs/SLOC, which are the highest values of these software price performance metrics ever achieved for any application. The MatlabMPI software will be available for download.

  8. Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvan Racah861 ANNUAL|FacilityAboutHeat &

  9. Building Science Solutions Â… Faster and Better | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels| Department of EnergyEmerging TechnologiesBuilding LifeScience

  10. Innovative Cathode Coating Enables Faster Battery Charging, Discharging |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P UncertaintyInitiativesInnovative &

  11. New Algorithm Enables Faster Simulations of Ultrafast Processes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications TheScience4.21ReviewsEarlyALS TechniqueNewAlgorithm

  12. Building America Expert Meeting: Delivering Better, Cheaper, and Faster

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio CentersBreaking UpWhole-HouseRetrofits through

  13. Nature of high-energy ions in the cathode plasma jet of a vacuum arc with high rate of current rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beilis, I.I.

    2004-10-04

    The production mechanism of extremely high-energy (up to 10 keV) ions observed in vacuum arcs having only a few tens of volts of arc voltage was considered. A model was developed for the plasma acceleration in a high-current ({>=}1 kA) short pulsed (<1 {mu}s) vacuum arc, taking into account the high rate of rise of the spot current (dI/dt>100 MA/s). A system of equations, including equations for the cathode spot and the plasma jet, was solved self-consistently with dI/dt in the range of 0.1-10 GA/s. It was shown that the plasma could be accelerated to the measured energy in the near spot region due to a gas dynamic mechanism and that the ion energy depends on the ratio of the ion flux to the electron flux. This ratio is determined by the cathode erosion rate. The calculated cathode erosion rate varies from 200 to 10 {mu}g/C when the ion energy increases from 0.1 to 10 keV and well agrees with measurements.

  14. Proton-sensitivity of ASIC1 appeared with the rise of fishes by changes of residues in the region that follows TM1 in the ectodomain of the channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    1 Proton-sensitivity of ASIC1 appeared with the rise of fishes by changes of residues in the region is not gated by protons. Corresponding Author: Cecilia M. Canessa Phone: 203-785-5892 FAX: 203-785-4951 cecilia by external protons. Proton-sensitivity is believed to be essential for the role of ASIC1 in modulating

  15. Structural and Morphologic Study of Shatsky Rise Oceanic Plateau in the Northwest Pacific Ocean from 2D Multichannel Seismic Reflection and Bathymetry Data and Implications for Oceanic Plateau Evolution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jinchang

    2014-04-10

    on R/V Marcus G. Langseth during two cruises. The MCS profiles allow us to image Shatsky Rise's upper crustal structure and Moho structure with unprecedented detail, and the multi-beam bathymetry data allow us to produce an improved bathymetric map...

  16. flow beneath the East Pacific Rise. Nature 402, 282285 (1999). 14. Grove, T. L., Kinzler, R. J. & Bryan, W. B. in Mantle Flow and Melt Generation at Mid-Ocean Ridges (eds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    flow beneath the East Pacific Rise. Nature 402, 282­285 (1999). 14. Grove, T. L., Kinzler, R. J. & Bryan, W. B. in Mantle Flow and Melt Generation at Mid-Ocean Ridges (eds Morgan, J. P., Blackman, D. K. Dick, H. J. B. in Magmatism in the Ocean Basins (eds Sounders, A. D. & Norry, M. J.) 71­105 (Geol. Soc

  17. THE 2011 ERUPTION OF THE RECURRENT NOVA T PYXIDIS: THE DISCOVERY, THE PRE-ERUPTION RISE, THE PRE-ERUPTION ORBITAL PERIOD, AND THE REASON FOR THE LONG DELAY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, Bradley E.; Landolt, Arlo U. [Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Linnolt, Michael [American Association of Variable Star Observers, 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Stubbings, Rod [Tetoora Observatory, Tetoora Road, Victoria (Australia); Pojmanski, Grzegorz [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa (Poland); Plummer, Alan [Variable Stars South, Linden Observatory, 105 Glossop Road, Linden, NSW (Australia); Kerr, Stephen [American Association of Variable Star Observers, Variable Stars South, Astronomical Association of Queensland, 22 Green Avenue, Glenlee, Queensland (Australia); Nelson, Peter [Ellinbank Observatory, 1105 Hazeldean Road, Ellinbank 3821, Victoria (Australia); Carstens, Rolf [American Association of Variable Star Observers, Variable Stars South, CBA, Geyserland Observatory, 120 Homedale Street, Rotorua 3015 (New Zealand); Streamer, Margaret [Lexy's Palace Observatory, 3 Lupin Place, Murrumbateman, NSW (Australia); Richards, Tom [Variable Stars South, Pretty Hill Observatory, P.O. Box 323, Kangaroo Ground 3097, Victoria (Australia); Myers, Gordon [Center for Backyard Astrophysics, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Dillon, William G. [American Association of Variable Star Observers, 4703 Birkenhead Circle, Missouri City, TX 77459 (United States)

    2013-08-10

    We report the discovery by M. Linnolt on JD 2,455,665.7931 (UT 2011 April 14.29) of the sixth eruption of the recurrent nova T Pyxidis. This discovery was made just as the initial fast rise was starting, so with fast notification and response by observers worldwide, the entire initial rise was covered (the first for any nova), and with high time resolution in three filters. The speed of the rise peaked at 9 mag day{sup -1}, while the light curve is well fit over only the first two days by a model with a uniformly expanding sphere. We also report the discovery by R. Stubbings of a pre-eruption rise starting 18 days before the eruption, peaking 1.1 mag brighter than its long-time average, and then fading back toward quiescence 4 days before the eruption. This unique and mysterious behavior is only the fourth known (with V1500 Cyg, V533 Her, and T CrB) anticipatory rise closely spaced before a nova eruption. We present 19 timings of photometric minima from 1986 to 2011 February, where the orbital period is fast increasing with P/ P-dot =+313,000 yr. From 2008 to 2011, T Pyx had a small change in this rate of increase, so that the orbital period at the time of eruption was 0.07622950 {+-} 0.00000008 days. This strong and steady increase of the orbital period can only come from mass transfer, for which we calculate a rate of (1.7-3.5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. We report 6116 magnitudes between 1890 and 2011, for an average B = 15.59 {+-} 0.01 from 1967 to 2011, which allows for an eruption in 2011 if the blue flux is nearly proportional to the accretion rate. The ultraviolet-optical-infrared spectral energy distribution is well fit by a power law with f{sub {nu}}{proportional_to}{nu}{sup 1.0}, although the narrow ultraviolet region has a tilt with a fit of f{sub {nu}}{proportional_to}{nu}{sup 1/3}. We prove that most of the T Pyx light is not coming from a disk, or any superposition of blackbodies, but rather is coming from some nonthermal source. We confirm the extinction measure from IUE with E(B - V) = 0.25 {+-} 0.02 mag.

  18. Large-Scale Variability Characterization and Robust Design Techniques for Nanoscale SRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zheng

    2009-01-01

    2.22 Definition of WTV and WTI from measured N-61]. The write trip voltage (WTV) is defined as the voltageillustrates the definitions of WTV and WTI on the N-curve.

  19. Analysis and Modeling of Large-Scale Variation on DACs and SRAMs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Henry Arnold

    2013-01-01

    a) Test setups for SVNM and SINM (plus WTV and WTI). (b)SVNM, SINM, WTV, and WTI. . 58as write trip voltage (WTV) while the peak current is

  20. Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions Liang Fu, C. L. Kane, and E. J. Mele

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Charles

    ) effect. Unlike two dimensions, where a single Z2 topological invariant governs the effect, in three (STI) topological insulators. The WTI are like layered 2D QSH states, but are destroyed by disorder will refer to as weak (WTI) and strong (STI) topological insulators. With disorder, the WTI is equivalent

  1. Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caporaso, G.J.; Sampayan, S.E.; Kirbie, H.C.

    1998-10-13

    A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is improved by a high-voltage, fast rise-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 12 figs.

  2. Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Kirbie, Hugh C. (Dublin, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is improved by a high-voltage, fast rise-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface.

  3. Minimize Adverse Motor and Adjustable Speed Drive Interactions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    drive (VFD) with a fast-rise-time insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) to reduce switching losses and noise levels. However, higher carrier frequencies and faster rise-time...

  4. The Rising of a Giant Collider

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    on rails to provide access to source and detector areas during install 6 12 ft. Adam Cohen, Bill Blanchard, Lloyd Ciebiera, John Dong, Charlie Gentile, Bill Sands, Jim Taylor,...

  5. The Rising Tide of Patent Damages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard J

    2010-01-01

    that cover a technology. Patent owners are sometimesinformation about their patents as it might invite lawsuitsvalue in litigation over patent infringement when many

  6. Syncreticity rising: Elizabeth Peabody's Aesthetic papers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Catherine Antoinette

    1990-01-01

    's theories. Peabody had long been intrigued by the study of language. Sht h td in 1834 conducted a series of "conversations" For women structured ar?and Herder's Spirit of Hebrew Poetry, in which Herder explores man' s linguistic nature. In her work...

  7. Rise Report No. 358 Ris National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Rare Earth Metals and Compounds by Per-Anker Lindgård April 1978 Sales distributors: Jul. Gjellerup of Anisotropic Magnets Magnetic Properties of Rare Earth Metals and Compounds by Per-Anker Lindgård Physics dominated systems 25 4. Rare Earth Metals 27 5. Magnetic Alloys 36 5.1. Rare earth alloys 37 5. 2. Rare

  8. UNEP Rise Centre Energy, Climate and Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ·Development of a pipeline of potential CDM projects ·Development of analytical guidelines and training courses Secretariat in Brussels. #12;Development and Energy in Africa (DEA) · A project of the EC COOPENER Programme Project sponsored by Dutch Government with US$10 million #12;Energy for Development (EfD) Network

  9. Rise of the Biopsychosocial Model Psychoanalytic Contributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    Changes on the microlevel can have macrolevel effects and vice versa -macrolevel: depression, social of men dying decreases with the number of healthful behaviors, similar pattern seen in women. Impact

  10. Paleomagnetism of Igenous Rocks from Shatsky Rise 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pueringer, Margaret

    2013-04-24

    , U1347, and U1349 displayed very little variation in principal component inclinations over depth, implying a relatively rapid lava emplacement of 10^2-10^3 years. Site U1350 display more variation, implying a longer eruptive time frame of 10^4-10...

  11. sea level rise | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult formats Home Jweers's picturereviewsea

  12. OpenEI Community - sea level rise

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart Grid Data available for downloadGRR 3rd Quarter -/0 en(DLA)

  13. Gasoline prices continue to rise (Short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowerslong version) Gasoline prices

  14. Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowerslong version) Gasoline

  15. Gasoline prices rise again (long version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowerslong4, 2014shortlong (long

  16. Large magnetic entropy change and adiabatic temperature rise of a Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Co{sub 20}Ni{sub 5} bulk metallic glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xia, L., E-mail: xialei@shu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Microstructure and Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom (Hong Kong); Tang, M. B. [Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050 (China); Chan, K. C. [Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom (Hong Kong); Dong, Y. D. [Key Laboratory for Microstructure and Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China)

    2014-06-14

    Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Co{sub 20}Ni{sub 5} bulk metallic glass (BMG) was synthesized by minor Ni substitution for Co in the Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Co{sub 25} BMG in which excellent glass forming ability (GFA) and magneto-caloric effect were reported previously. The Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Ni{sub 20}Co{sub 5} amorphous rod has a similar GFA to the Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Co{sub 25} BMG but exhibits better magnetic properties. The peak value of magnetic entropy change (??S{sub m}{sup peak}) of the Gd{sub 55}Al{sub 20}Co{sub 20}Ni{sub 5} BMG is 9.8 Jkg{sup ?1} K{sup ?1}. The field dependence of ??S{sub m}{sup peak} follows a ??S{sub m}{sup peak}?H{sup 0.85} relationship. The adiabatic temperature rise of the rod is 4.74?K under 5 T and is larger than of other BMGs previously reported. The improved magnetic properties were supposed to be induced by the enhanced interaction between 4f electron in the rare-earth and 3d electron in the transition metal elements by means of a minor Ni substitution for Co.

  17. PLUS: riSing food PriceS n SUPPLement Safety n PoLiticS of famine magazine of the gerald j. and dorothy r. friedman school of nutrition science and policy winter 2012 Vwinter 2012 VooL. 13 noL. 13 no. 1. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    nutrition PLUS: riSing food PriceS n SUPPLement Safety n PoLiticS of famine Fair Trade Trade that make food smell and taste bad the same ones that make you sick? for example, if a package of chicken indicators of food safety. Some bacteria that cause food-borne illness do not have off-flavors associated

  18. Can We Observe Galaxies that Recede Faster than Light ? -- A More Clear-Cut Answer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kiang

    2003-05-27

    A more clear-cut answer to the title question is, ``Yes'' if the universal expansion started with a big bang; ``No'' if it started infinitely slowly.

  19. Faster Agreement via a Spectral Method for Detecting Malicious Valerie King

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saia, Jared

    of a constant fraction of processors which it may choose to corrupt adaptively. In 1983, Ben-Or proposed to repeatedly try to generate a fair global coin. The corrupted pro- cessors can bias this global coin@uvic.ca. Department of Computer Science, University of New Mexico. This research was partially supported by NSF CAREER

  20. Home Previous Page Odd power: New microbe strain makes more electricity, faster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    open the door to improved microbial fuel cell architecture and should lead to "new applications holding us back in recent years." Now, planning can move forward to design microbial fuel cells://www.reliableplant.com/ArticlePrinterFriendly.aspx?articlei... 1 of 2 09/14/2009 12:04 PM #12;Dr. Hana Yi takes a reading from fuel cells. The result of providing

  1. A modified version of BILBO for faster testing of pipeline structure circuits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jungran

    1994-01-01

    path techniques. When this structure is applied to pipelined structure circuits, testing time is reduced by almost half that of previous schemes....

  2. AN RT-UML MODEL FOR BUILDING FASTER-THAN-REAL-TIME SIMULATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsaros, Panagiotis

    demanding, requiring a consistent specification for developing such systems. This paper presents guidelines, obtaining and storing system and the model data during the auditing interval, and auditing, that is, examining a) if the system has been #12;modified during the last auditing interval (system reformations), b

  3. Parallel input makes the brain run faster Tommi Raij,a, Jari Karhu,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kuopio University Hospital, Finland c BioMag Laboratory, HUSLAB -- Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland d Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland e Helsinki Brain Research Center, Finland f Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National

  4. Can a computer be "pushed" to perform faster-than-light?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svozil, Karl

    environment into a medium whose index of refraction is smaller than one, thereby trespassing the speed- of the construction of "infinity machines" capable of hypercomputation (Davis, 2006; Doria & Costa, 2006; Ord, 2006" the speed of communication and computation by "pushing" the computer into a medium whose index of re

  5. On the Advantages of Approximate vs. Complete Verification: Bigger Models, Faster, Less Memory, Usually Accurate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzies, Tim

    Virginia University Morgantown, WV 26506 drobo75@hotmail.com, tim@menzies.us Mats Heimdahl, Jimin Gao Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455 heimdahl@cs.umn.edu, jgao

  6. On the Advantages of Approximate vs. Complete Verification: Bigger Models, Faster, Less Memory, Usually Accurate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzies, Tim

    Minneapolis, MN 55455 heimdahl@cs.umn.edu jgao@ece.umn.edu David Owen,Tim Menzies Lane Dept. of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering West Virginia University Morgantown, WV 26506 drobo75@hotmail.com tim

  7. NREL's CelA Catalyzes Plant Cell Walls Faster - News Feature...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    photo of a scientist in safety glasses examining small items in plastic containers. NREL Senior Scientist Roman Brunecky examines the molecular weight of the enzyme CelA on a...

  8. On distributed coding, quantization of channel measurements and faster-than-Nyquist signaling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liveris, Angelos Dimitriou

    2006-04-12

    . : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 38 20 Binary symmetric correlation model for Slepian-Wolf coding of three sources given in the form of an equivalent discrete memory- less channel. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 50 21 H(X2jX1) and H(X3jX1;X2) as a... problems. The two coding with side information (SI) at the decoder problems that this chapter focuses on are: 1. Lossless Coding of Binary Sources: Binary sources are sources producing binary random variables Xi whose realizations take values from the set X...

  9. Faster Fixed-Parameter Tractable Algorithms for Matching and Packing Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitesides, Sue

    Institute of McGill Uni- versity, Holetown, Barbados, Feb. 7-13, 2004, organized by S. Whitesides. Contact

  10. Faster history matching and uncertainty in predicted production profiles with stochastic modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler, K.; Svanes, T.; Omdal, S. [Statoil, Stavanger (Norway)

    1994-12-31

    High resolution sequence stratigraphical methods have been used in the detailed geological modeling of the Ness formation of a North Sea field. This updated geological description has been used as input to the stochastic geological model for development of the reservoir description for reservoir simulation for an element area of the Ness formation. 14 realizations of facies architecture and petrophysical properties have been generated. The stochastically generated realizations have been scaled up to a refined element of an existing deterministic, history matched reservoir simulation model for the full Upper Brent reservoir. The up-scaled versions of the realizations have been connected to the full field model, and reservoir simulations have been performed to compare twelve years of production history with simulated results for well production, RFT- and PLT-data. Six of the realizations gave good to very good results when compared to measured production data. these realizations were used for simulation of the future production performance to the year 2010, making it possible to estimate its uncertainty.

  11. CANNED SALMON CAN DO liThe faster I go, the behinder I get, II could

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from source of heat for 6 to 8 minutes or until lightly browned. Makes 6 servings. (Source: NMFS, NOAA to be enough time to do a ll that is scheduled. Home- makers today wear many hats such as cook, chauffeur, hostess, laundress, teacher, and den-mother. They frequently work outside the home as well. This leaves

  12. Making Fast Buffer Insertion Even Faster Via Approximation Techniques , C. N. Sze1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Weiping "Peter"

    , Charles J. Alpert* , Jiang Hu1 , and Weiping Shi1 1 Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Texas A&M University of even moderate length for both critical paths and fixing electrical vio- lations. Consequently, buffer timing objectives and fixing electrical violations for interconnects. It is stated in [1] that the number

  13. Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926 NewsORMAT NEVADA ORMAT NEVADA ORMATcanconduct soil

  14. Next-gen RF MEMS Switch for a Smarter, Faster Internet of Things | GE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruary 2015 ESH&S NewsletterIBMGlobalGlobal

  15. Utility rate change propagation is now much faster | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Home

  16. The Digital Road to Scientific Knowledge Diffusion; A Faster, Better Way to

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback SystemGimbaledM-PACEConnectTheoretical andDegradation

  17. The Digital Road to Scientific Knowledge Diffusion; A Faster, Better Way to

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(active tab) 2016The Dark

  18. A Step Towards New, Faster-Charging, and Safer Batteries | U.S. DOE Office

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 rzNews ArchivesDOE Office ofof Science (SC)

  19. Relationship Between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices, The

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the time series econometric relationship between the Henry Hub natural gas price and the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price.

  20. ARE Update Volume 11, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Wit, Joeri; Smith, Aaron; Kovacs, Kent; Simon, Leo K.; Stratton, Susan

    2008-01-01

    describes how the crude oil prices reported in the mediarelates to world crude oil prices and California gasolinebetween WTI and Brent crude oil prices. Brent crude is

  1. Modeling Energy Market Volatility Using REMI October 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Sources: WTI prices from EIA, Short Term Energy Outlook, Table 2 and GDP deflator from Bureau of Economic ($2005) Henry Hub Spot Price Sources: WTI prices from EIA, Short Term Energy Outlook, Table 2 and GDP Percent Change In Real Coal Price ($2005 Per short ton) Sources: Coal prices from EIA, Annual Energy

  2. nature methods | VOL.10 NO.7 | JULY 2013 | 591 Sharing blueprints for better research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    are disappearing with the rise of cheaper, faster and more flexible prototyping tools. Affordable open-source 3D printers, design tools and integrated circuit platforms let scientists move more effi- ciently from digital

  3. Climate Change: A Grand Software Challenge Steve Easterbrook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    is unequivocal - concentrations of green- house gases are rising faster than at any previous era in the earth renewable energy[8] and de- sign government policies and international treaties to bring greenhouse gas

  4. How to Improve Productivity with Energy-Efficient Motors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curley, J. P.

    1983-01-01

    productivity is to reduce costs, particularly those which are rising faster than others such as electricity. Today's new energy efficient motors reduce the kilowatts consumed, thus reducing electric bills and improving productivity. This paper will discuss...

  5. Energy Responsibility Accounting - An Energy Conservation Tool for Industrial Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R. L.

    1980-01-01

    As energy costs continue to rise faster than the rate of inflation, industrial energy management becomes a more important issue in the control of manufacturing costs. Energy Responsibility Accounting (ERA) is a tool which improves management...

  6. The design of a panelized roof system for residential construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dentz, Jordan Lewis

    1991-01-01

    The cost of housing in the U.S. continues to rise faster than household income. Innovative building materials and construction technologies have the potential to reduce housing construction costs. One strategy to do this ...

  7. 27 February 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a warmer world, photosynthesis will become faster with rising CO2, which will lead to more vegetation and more emissions of these vapours," said lead author, Dr Mikael Ehn, now based at the University

  8. Poincare-invariant equations with a rising mass spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilhelm I. Fushchych

    2002-06-21

    In this note we shall construct, in the framework of relativistic quantum mechanics, the Poincare-invariant motion equations with realistic mass spectra. These equations describe a system with mass spectra of the form $m^2=a^2+b^2 s(s+1)$, where a and b are arbitrary parameters. Such equations are obtained by a reduction of the motion equation for two particles to a one-particle equation which describes the particle in various mass and spin states. It we impose a certain condition on the wave function of the derived equation, such an equation describes the free motion of a fixed-mass particle with arbitrary (but fixed) spin s.

  9. Peace Corps on the rise at Virginia Tech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tech Peace Corps recruiter Rachael Kennedy. Raised in a service-minded family, as a child Kennedy sang packed a lot of clothes, but once I got there I wore very few of them,"Kennedy says."I learned is learning new languages. For Kennedy, it was particularly demanding. She had to learn not only Uzbek

  10. African History: The Rise and Decline of Academic Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeleza, Dr. Tiyambe

    1983-01-01

    essay :Y E. Laclau, "Feudalism and Capitalism in latincommunism', or sees 'feudalism' and the ' Asiatic mode of ~

  11. A Regenerative High-Rise Tower in Shreveport, Louisiana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.

    2010-01-01

    headquarters building, the University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture completed architectural design studies for the building renewal. The principles of this new design include: day lighting, envelope configuration, building integrated photovoltaic...

  12. CenterPoint Energy Low-Rise Multi Family Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: This Incentive is only available to customers in the CenterPoint Energy Houston electric territory.

  13. South High Rises Renovation and Addition Program of Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,714,286 Total Construction Cost Teams 24 - 27 SECTION VI Master Policy Index 28 - 29 SECTION VII Site Map & Floor Plans 30 - 37 #12 Siebert, Stradley, Park, Smith, and Steeb Halls. There will also be constructed two additions

  14. High-Rise Residential Building Energy Analysis in Shanghai, China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Hongyun

    2014-07-30

    the growing residential energy use in Shanghai. The energy efficiency measures explored in this study should also provide policy makers with alternatives other than building more power plants, transmission and distribution systems....

  15. Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lickley, M.J.

    The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...

  16. Introduction Increasing demand and the rising cost of fossil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    in the world). It also contains some hemi- cellulose (a heterologous polymer of 5- and 6- carbon sugars, a homologous polymer of glucose molecules connected by - 1,4 linkages (the most abundant organic poly- mer) and even less so lignin (a com- plex aromatic polymer). Known as abundant, there are a great many sources

  17. Sea Level Rise Adaptation: From Climate Chaos to Climate Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    decisionmaking, especially with regard to issues such as coastal erosion and geology, marine biodiversity Health In a Changing Climate Lesley Ewing Coastal Engineer USC &California Coastal Commission March 12 recommendations are necessary for many coastal planning, conservation, and development decisions

  18. Take Wing and Rise Together About the cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    and easy to understand, and in particular we were challenged to develop unique ways to explain radiation ............................................................................................ 9 Radiation -- What Is It? ................................................................................................ 11 Dose Map

  19. SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar in technology development. The high capital costs typical of sustainable technologies coupled with the cyclic Time: 3:00 PM Location: A265 Bourns Hall Abstract: Low cost energy is critical to our lifestyles

  20. NEWSLETTER October 2009 Predicted Northern-Hemisphere temperature rise due

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul

    ; glaciology; waste; energy; the built environment. · Prize money totals £500; · A certificate will also merged with web editor, and as Communication Editors, we have high standards to live up to! Environmental

  1. High voltage electrical amplifier having a short rise time

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christie, David J. (Pleasanton, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA)

    1991-01-01

    A circuit, comprising an amplifier and a transformer is disclosed that produces a high power pulse having a fast response time, and that responds to a digital control signal applied through a digital-to-analog converter. The present invention is suitable for driving a component such as an electro-optic modulator with a voltage in the kilovolt range. The circuit is stable at high frequencies and during pulse transients, and its impedance matching circuit matches the load impedance with the output impedance. The preferred embodiment comprises an input stage compatible with high-speed semiconductor components for amplifying the voltage of the input control signal, a buffer for isolating the input stage from the output stage; and a plurality of current amplifiers connected to the buffer. Each current amplifier is connected to a field effect transistor (FET), which switches a high voltage power supply to a transformer which then provides an output terminal for driving a load. The transformer comprises a plurality of transmission lines connected to the FETs and the load. The transformer changes the impedance and voltage of the output. The preferred embodiment also comprises a low voltage power supply for biasing the FETs at or near an operational voltage.

  2. pproximately 80 percent of the rise in carbon dioxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fuels -- such as next-generation biofuels that are truly carbon-neutral/ negative -- or electric massive worldwide efforts. The most fundamental requirement is a phase-out of emissions from coal burn, given that there are viable, commercial-scale electricity substitutes available now, such as renew- able

  3. Heart-shaped bubbles rising in anisotropic liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-04-27

    Apr 27, 2007 ... ronment, the bubble shape is affected not only by the hydro- dynamic forces and interfacial tension, but also by the sur- face anchoring and bulk ...

  4. Manganese-oxidizing photosynthesis before the rise of cyanobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Woodward

    drill cores through an early Paleoproterozoic succession (2.415 Ga) preserved in South Africa the WOC. In 1970, Olson recognized the need for transitional electron donors with intermediate redox

  5. STS.003 The Rise of Modern Science, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David S. (David Shumway)

    This course will study the development of modern science from the seventeenth century to the present, focusing on Europe and the United States. It will not focus on discoveries and their discoverers. Instead, it will ...

  6. Contemporary cowboy culture and the rise of American postmodern solidarity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homann, Ronnie Dean

    2007-09-17

    In this dissertation, I build on contemporary theoretical perspectives to interpret characteristics of contemporary cowboy culture. Specifically, I target the image of the cowboy in relation to solidarity. I assume that ...

  7. Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assistance included using the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers a work- shop for the Recovery School District on high-performance schools, participating in the District assistance from DOE and NREL, the New Orleans Public Schools district has

  8. Graphene - A rising star in view of scientometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    We have carried out a scientometric analysis of the literature dealing with graphene, a material which has been identified as a new carbon allotrope. The investigation is based on the CAplus database of Chemical Abstracts Service, the INSPEC database of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Web of Science (WoS) of Thomson Reuters. The time evolution of the publications shows a dramatic increase since 2004 when graphene has been isolated for the first time. The graphene literature has been analyzed with respect to the most productive authors, research organizations, countries of authors, and the leading journals. Furthermore, the time evolution of the major graphene based research topics and the top 10 most productive research organizations with respect to their specific topics have been analyzed and are shown as heat maps. In addition, the graphene research landscape has been established using the analysis tool STN AnaVist. Finally, a brief citation analysis has been performed. The tim...

  9. Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    willows to help preserve the Pueblo Canyon wetland after damage from September 2013 floods. A shipment carrying Los Alamos transuranic waste headed to the Waste Isolation Pilot...

  10. Temporary annual water rate rises of pence not pounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckling, Angus

    erosion urgently needed. · Correct land management negates the need for dredging in the medium to long in soils to cut emissions, new studies show. Natural Environment Research Council- funded research Professor Richard Brazier said: "Our approach is to advocate the construction of more resilient landscapes

  11. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, Jordan; Henderson, Hugh

    2012-04-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, MA to implement and study improvements to the heating system in one of the non-profit’s housing developments. The heating control systems in the 42-unit Columbia CAST housing development were upgraded in an effort projected to reduce heating costs by 15% to 25%.

  12. Science Behind the Fiction: The Dark Knight Rises [2012] | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy out of atomic nuclei. One is by splitting heavy atoms apart: a process called fission. That's what today's nuclear reactors do. But light nuclei also give off energy...

  13. TALL : rethinking the systems of the contemporary high rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namkung, Kenneth, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    The life of modern work is complex. What once entailed simple activities encapsulated within simple and hierarchically designed spaces has evolved into a highly volatile and complex organism. Businesses and workers are ...

  14. The Rise and the Fall of Rabindranath Tagore in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Chi P.

    2012-01-01

    Web. 2 April. 2012 Marr, David. Vietnamese Tradition onLamartine, Musset, and Vigny (Marr 110-11; Qu?nh 2007; Thao4 and André Gide 5 (David Marr 162), strong advocates of

  15. Fact #574: June 8, 2009 Vehicles per Licensed Driver Rising

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The number of vehicles in operation per licensed driver has risen steadily since 1950. In 1985, for the first time, there was one vehicle for every licensed driver. Since 1985, the number of...

  16. Calif. Utilities play catchup with Ever-Rising RPS targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-08-15

    The current status of attempts by California's three major utilities to meet mandated targets for producing power from renewable energy sources are sketched.

  17. Notch Sensitivity of Ceramic Composites with Rising Fracture Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zok, Frank

    , center-notched tension, and single-edge- notched bending. The results reveal salient trends in strength*/ *, where E is the plane strain Young's modulus.1,2 For typical values of the material parameters (E 100 GPa steady state is achieved. The objective of this paper is to address the related issues of crack stability

  18. STS.003 The Rise of Modern Science, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerovitch, Slava

    This course studies the development of modern science from the seventeenth century to the present, focusing on Europe and the United States. Key questions include: What is science, and how is it done? How are discoveries ...

  19. Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Experiment Aboard Friday's Space Shuttle Launch An optical micrograph of a polymer film that self-assembles into ordered nanoscale structures. | Photo Courtesy of Argonne...

  20. Structural feasibility of a medium-rise timber office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasr, Mohsen, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Using timber as a structural material for commercial projects will certainly gain importance and popularity in the coming decades as more focus is placed on reducing environmental effects created by a dependence on steel ...

  1. '** Gt&O+f? Rise-M-2512

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reactions in the Chemical Process Industries 11 3. RISK ASSESSMENT 12 3.1. Offshore Oil 6 Gas Production 12 production and storage facility in the centre of Copenhagen, a safety analysis of an oil production platform

  2. Rising Voices 3: Learning and Doing - Education and Adaptation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    about scientific-indigenous partnerships in response to climate variability and change, education curricula and student engagement on climate issues, and ways to further a more...

  3. Rising from the ashes: Coal ash in recycling and construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naquin, D.

    1998-02-01

    Beneficial Ash Management (BAM, Clearfield, Pa.) has won an environmental award for its use of ash and other waste to fight acid mine drainage. The company`s workers take various waste materials, mainly fly ash from coal-burning plants, to make a cement-like material or grouting, says Ernest Roselli, BAM president. The grouting covers the soil, which helps prevent water from contacting materials. This, in turn, helps control chemical reactions, reducing or eliminating formation of acid mine drainage. The company is restoring the 1,400-acre Bark Camp coal mine site near Penfield in Clearfield County, Pa. Under a no-cost contract with the state of Pennsylvania, BAM is using boiler slag, causticizing byproducts (lime) and nonreclaimable clarifier sludge from International Paper Co. (Erie, Pa.). The mine reclamation techniques developed and monitored at the site include using man-made wetlands to treat acid mine drainage and testing anhydrous ammonia as a similar treatment agent. BAM researches and tests fly ash mixed with lime-based activators as fill material for land reclamation, and develops and uses artificial soil material from paper mill and tannery biosolids.

  4. Los Twindignados: The Rise of the Indignados Movement on Twitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascolo, Cecilia

    situation. This discussion gave birth to the collective ¡Democracia real, Ya! (DRY; in English: "Real

  5. Contribution of global groundwater depletion since 1900 to sealevel rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of water from terrestrial subsurface storage is a natural consequence of groundwater withdrawals] The extracted groundwater can subsequently follow any number of pathways through the hydrologic cycle, and most pathways that don't involve a return to the groundwater system have relatively short travel times

  6. The Rise and the Fall of Rabindranath Tagore in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Chi P.

    2012-01-01

    Liên Hi?p Ph? n? Vi?t Nam (Vietnam Women’s Union). Web. 22Ashoka. Disorientation France, Vietnam and Ambivalence ofand Language Policy in Vietnam, The Hague (The Netherlands):

  7. Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to enlarge. A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions could greatly lessen the impacts of climate change. However, the gases already added to the atmosphere ensure a certain amount...

  8. Marsh Collapse Does Not Require Sea Level Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagherazzi, Sergio

    Salt marshes are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing nurseries for fish species and shelter and food for endangered birds. Salt marshes also mitigate the impacts of hurricanes and tsunamis, and sequester ...

  9. Computational analysis of temperature rise phenomena in electric induction motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melnik, Roderick

    of electric machine design, it is generally agreed that the development of thermal design methodologies for electric machines lags behind [3]. One of the most common AC machines found in industrial applications of the overall performance and prevention of failures of these electric machines. In this paper we develop

  10. Rising to the Challenge: Innovating toward our Clean Energy Future...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ingenuity firsthand at a startup outside Boston that is working to dramatically reduce solar panel costs. Typically, silicon wafers for solar panels come from solid blocks. But...

  11. Rise of the Expert Amateur: DIY Projects, Communities, and Cultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulos, Eric

    and collaboration technologies and their role in motivating and sustaining communities of builders, crafters management, expressive knowledge transfer and design studio culture. DIY CUTLURES: HISTORIC OVERVIEW One). These hobbyists relied on amateur handbooks, which stressed "imagination and an open mind" nearly as much

  12. Geopolymer concretes: a green construction technology rising from the ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allouche, E.

    2009-07-01

    Researchers at Louisiana Tech University have embarked on a multi-year research initiative to develop applications for inorganic polymer concrete, or geopolymer concrete, in the area of civil construction, and to bring solve of these applications to market. One objective was to produce a spray-on coating for use in the harsh environment of wastewater conveyance and treatment facilities. Another project is to establish relationships between fly ash composition and particle size distribution and the mechanical attributes and workability of the resulting geopolymer concrete. A third project is to develop a 'smart' geopolymer concrete whose response to a given electric current can be correlated to the stress level to which the structure is subjected. 1 fig., 6 photos.

  13. Washington: Seattle Rises Above with Alternative Fuels | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    save money on fuel due to the cost differential between compresses natural gas (CNG) and gasoline. The vehicles are displacing more than 50,000 gallons of petroleum per...

  14. FROM HIGH RISE TO COAST: Revitalizing Ribeira da Barcarena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondolf, Matthew; Podolak, Kristen; Gaffney, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    permeability of roads and parking areas. Specially formulated porous concretepermeability of roads and parking areas. Specially formulated porous concrete

  15. Doubts Rise Over the Great Nuclear Promise Julio Godoy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that a thermonuclear reactor poses three technical problems: production of the elements to undergo fusion (deuterium over a decision to base the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in France seems to introduce new nuclear technology. It will seek a nuclear fusion of two hydrogen isotopes (deuterium which

  16. Gravity of world crude barrel to rise by 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports on the loss of crude exports from Iraq and Kuwait in 1990-91 and their gradual reentry into oil markets which will have a profound effect on world crude quality. Accordingly, the proportion of heavy crude in world markets will decline the next 5 years.

  17. The Price of Neutrino Superluminality continues to rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Hebecker; Alexander Knochel

    2011-11-30

    We revisit the model building challenges that one faces when trying to reconcile the OPERA claim of neutrino superluminality with other observational constraints. The severity of the supernova bound and of the kinematical constraints of Cohen-Glashow type lead us to focus on scenarios where all types of particles are superluminal inside matter. In contrast to the Dvali-Vikman proposal, this matter effect needs to be very short-ranged to avoid constraints from experiments on the Earth's surface in low-density environments. Due to this short range, the interaction underlying such a matter effect would have to be far stronger than permitted by fifth-force bounds. As a conceivable way out we suggest to make the matter effect "binary", i.e., dense matter does not directly trigger superluminality, but merely induces the transition to a different phase of some weakly coupled hidden sector. This phase exhibits spontaneous Lorentz violation or at least a stronger than usual mediation of some residual Lorentz violation to all matter. The effect has not been observed before since we have never before been able to measure the velocity of high-energy particles in dense matter with sufficient precision.

  18. High rises are sprouting rather haphazardly among the town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    tree-lined bou- levards. On crowded sidewalks, shoppers haggle over produce, street vendors cook food it among the ranks of the world's great mod- em capitals while preserving its essendal qualides

  19. Clocking the Rise and Fall of Core-Collapse Supernovae

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For several weeks, the brightness of that single event can rival that of an entire galaxy. As a result, supernovae of various types are often used as "standard candles" in...

  20. How Rising Competition Among Microfinance Lenders Affects Incumbent Village Banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntosh, Craig; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    2003-01-01

    Among Microfinance Lenders Affects Incumbent Village Banksimpact of entry by competing lenders on client behavior. Wemultiple loans primarily from lenders with more individual

  1. Distributed Generation Study/Sea Rise 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP)Displacement TransferBennettMatlinkBiogasSUNY1

  2. Distributed Generation Study/Sea Rise 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP)Displacement

  3. The Rise and Fall of Core-Collapse Supernovae

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel: Name:Department ofThe DOEThe NewInitiativesThe

  4. COLLOQUIUM: ITER and its Diagnostics - Rising to the Challenge |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury ScienceComplexPlasmaPhysicsPlasmaPrincetonPrinceton

  5. Rising to the Challenge: Innovating toward our Clean Energy Future |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidentialThis 3-DMarchLLCClimate Change in

  6. Washington: Seattle Rises Above with Alternative Fuels | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReport FY2014 - Employers TakeVote for Your4-0006Post

  7. Controlling Motion at the Nanoscale: Rise of the Molecular Machines

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby a contractorEnergy, science,6. Radiative5 PPPL-page 1

  8. City of Rising Sun, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurchFontanelle,InformationQuitman,Readlyn,Richmond,City of

  9. Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:New York: Energy Resources

  10. Low-rise Residential New Construction Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE Safetyof Energy This Revision 3 of the Low-Level WasteJuly

  11. A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s s iof1 of 8(May 1983)Reactor Cooling2, thewhen

  12. DOE employee listed among area's rising leaders | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 2015 GATEWAY Takes 9.NewExtremeand NRELDepartmentemployee

  13. Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 Infographic courtesyEducation Data JamDepartment2does

  14. Rising Electricity Costs: A Challenge For Consumers, Regulators, And Utilities

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988 1.996 2.003 1990-2016 East CoastReviw Al

  15. Technical Report No. 249, Department of Computer Science, ETH Zurich, July 1996 1 Faster Algorithms for Integer Lattice Basis Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storjohann, Arne

    a given integer lattice basis b1 ; b2 ; : : : ; bn 2 ZZ n into a reduced basis. The cost of L 3 ­reduction product. The L 3 ­reduction algorithm presented in [12] guarantees to return a basis with initial vector for Integer Lattice Basis Reduction Arne Storjohann Eidgen¨ossische Technische Hochschule CH­8092 Z

  16. Model-Based Clustering of Regression Time Series Data via APECM -- An AECM Algorithm Sung to an Even Faster Beat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Wei-Chen [ORNL; Maitra, Ranjan [Iowa State University

    2011-01-01

    We propose a model-based approach for clustering time series regression data in an unsupervised machine learning framework to identify groups under the assumption that each mixture component follows a Gaussian autoregressive regression model of order p. Given the number of groups, the traditional maximum likelihood approach of estimating the parameters using the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm can be employed, although it is computationally demanding. The somewhat fast tune to the EM folk song provided by the Alternating Expectation Conditional Maximization (AECM) algorithm can alleviate the problem to some extent. In this article, we develop an alternative partial expectation conditional maximization algorithm (APECM) that uses an additional data augmentation storage step to efficiently implement AECM for finite mixture models. Results on our simulation experiments show improved performance in both fewer numbers of iterations and computation time. The methodology is applied to the problem of clustering mutual funds data on the basis of their average annual per cent returns and in the presence of economic indicators.

  17. THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF CAFFEINE Everything you need to know to think faster, exercise harder, and live longer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockery, Shawn

    to let you know it's time to turn off Conan and recharge your batteries. Adenosine accomplishes, and live longer By Lauren Russell Griffin, Photo Illustrations by Eddie Guy By now you'd think scientists

  18. Colourful male guppies produce faster and more viable sperm L. LOCATELLO,* M. B. RASOTTO,*, J. P. EVANS & A. PILASTRO*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilastro, Andrea

    ). Guppies are live-bearing, sexually dimorphic fish with internal fertil- ization and a polyandrous studies have reported no significant association between male ornaments and sperm traits (birds: Birkhead sexually selected characteristics positively covaries with ejaculate traits (see also Malo et al., 2005b

  19. s-wave scattering for deep potentials with attractive tails falling off faster than -1/r{sup 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, Tim-Oliver; Kaiser, Alexander; Friedrich, Harald [Physik Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85747 Garching (Germany)

    2011-09-15

    For potentials with attractive tails, as occur in typical atomic interactions, we present a simple formula for the s-wave phase shift {delta}{sub 0}. It exposes a universal dependence of {delta}{sub 0}(E) on the potential tail and the influence of effects specific to a given potential, which enter via the scattering length a, or equivalently, the noninteger part {Delta}{sub th} of the threshold quantum number n{sub th}. The formula accurately reproduces {delta}{sub 0}(E) from threshold up to the semiclassical regime, far beyond the validity of the effective-range expansion. We derive the tail functions occurring in the formula for {delta}{sub 0}(E) and demonstrate the validity of the formula for attractive potential tails proportional to 1/r{sup 6} or to 1/r{sup 4}, and also for a mixed potential tail consisting of a 1/r{sup 4} term together with a non-negligible 1/r{sup 6} contribution.

  20. FAST PHYSICS TESTBED FOR THE FASTER PROJECT W. Lin, Y. Liu, and M. Jensen, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - resolution modeling (HRM). The web-based SCM-Testbed features multiple SCMs from major climate modeling and skills of physical parameterizations under all weather conditions. The high- resolution modeling (HRM processes and their parameterizations. A four-tier HRM framework is established to augment the SCM- and NWP

  1. 4918 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 28, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2013 Towards Faster Solution of Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    energy from dis- tant areas, and to enable the coupling of power markets. This increased interconnection is with the Power Systems and Markets Department, Ecofys Germany GmbH and with the Electrical Power Systems in the management of the power system. In the light of this system transformation, new computational algorithms

  2. On the complexity of searching for an evader with a faster pursuer Florian Shkurti1 and Gregory Dudek1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Gregory

    , an oil spill or fire spreading around in the environment from a source can be modeled as an evader

  3. Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2011 the average used light vehicle price was 36% higher than in 1990, while the average new light vehicle price was 67% higher than it was in 1990. The average price of a used vehicle had been...

  4. Variability assessment and mitigation in advanced VLSI manufacturing through design-manufacturing co-optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Kwangok

    2011-01-01

    related to read stability; WTI (WTV) is write trip current (0.32) SINM_reg SINM_TSMC WTV 1-D regular pitch layout 0.0E+

  5. Go Global Newsletter, Winter/Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global & International Studies

    2006-01-01

    the World Tribunal on Iraq, June 2005 Report and CommentaryFalk The World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) held its final sessionsixteen condemnations of the Iraq War held worldwide in the

  6. R Supplement R.1 First Things First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . soiltemp - A 64 × 36 matrix of surface soil temperatures. Chapter 2 oil - Crude oil, WTI spot price FOB (in weekly spot price FOB (in cents per gallon) over the same time period as oil. varve - Sedimentary

  7. 100 Times Faster and 3 Times Sharper: Background-Dominated Observations of Stellar Populations with an 8-meter Optical-UV Space Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas M. Brown

    2002-07-10

    An 8 m successor to the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) would make incredible gains in the study of stellar populations, especially in the Local Group. If diffraction-limited at 0.5 microns, the "Next HST" could produce high-resolution imaging of faint sources over a wide field in 1 percent of the time needed with the HST. With these capabilities, photometry of the ancient main sequence could be obtained for many sight-lines through Local Group galaxies, thus determining directly the ages of their structures and providing a formation history for the Local Group populations.

  8. D. NOLTE, MIND AT LIGHT SPEED (FREE PRESS, 2001) 1 Light is the quintessential messenger. It travels faster than anything else can travel. It

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolte, David D.

    PREFACE D. NOLTE, MIND AT LIGHT SPEED (FREE PRESS, 2001) 1 PREFACE Light is the quintessential to make. A million rays of light carrying a thousand colors can travel along with each other or through. This is the parallelism of light, and it represents massive communication and computational power. With it, machines

  9. UV-radiation Induced Disruption of Dry-Cavities in Human ?D-crystallin Results in Decreased Stability and Faster Unfolding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Zhen

    Age-onset cataracts are believed to be expedited by the accumulation of UV-damaged human ?D-crystallins in the eye lens. Here we show with molecular dynamics simulations that the stability of ?D-crystallin is greatly reduced ...

  10. Effective March 26, 2012, "Order History" in Marketplace will be replaced with "Order Query" a faster, easier way to lookup past order information.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Orders or Invoices. 2. What are you searching for? Enter key terms like Requisition/PO Numbers criteria entered. Filter query criteria after search is performed. In addition to the extensive Advanced, a Supplier name or a Catalog number Hint: Click "Query" for a complete list of available search terms. 3

  11. Nancy Langston, "`Paradise Lost: Climate Change, Boreal Forests, and Environmental History," Environmental History 14 (October 2009): 641-650.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langston, Nancy

    ,storedlargelyinthesoil.Lowsoiltemperaturespromoted the formation of permafrost and peat, and low decomposition rates in the cold temperature meant high rates. As temperatures rise, carbon decomposes faster, and peat and permafrost release their carbon.4 One of the great remained virtually undisturbed by humans since the glaciers retreated. But as pressure for new resources

  12. Reversible adhesion method mimics aphid feet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    shellfish larvae Previous studies have shown that rising atmospheric CO2 levels have lowered the p at preindustrial CO2 con- centrations of approximately 250 ppm had higher survival rates, grew faster, and dis a slide, the soft pyramid tips collapsed like the end of a foam football, maxi- mizing the surface area

  13. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income inequality across regions is rising at an alarming rate due to higher economic growth during the reform

  14. Decreasing Soft Costs for Solar Photovoltaics by Improving the Interconnection Process. A Case Study of Pacific Gas and Electric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ardani, Kristen; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    As of the end of 2014, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) had connected over 130,000 DG PV systems in its service territory, more than any other utility in the U.S. In this case study, we examine how PG&E achieved a faster, more efficient interconnection approval process despite rising application volumes.

  15. Decreasing Soft Costs for Solar Photovoltaics by Improving the Interconnection Process. A Case Study of Pacific Gas and Electric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ardani, Kristen; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    In this case study, we examine how PG&E achieved a faster, more efficient interconnection approval process despite rising application volumes. Our goal is to draw insights from PG&E's experience that can help to inform decision making at other utilities across the U.S. that may face similar trajectories for DG PV market growth.

  16. SKIN CANCER INSTITUTE THE CANCER INSTITUTES AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    of specimens with unclear diagnoses sent from throughout the United States. Our pathologists are thus some than 75 percent of skin cancer deaths. It is now estimated that one in every 55 people will be diagnosed with melanoma. The incidence also is rising at a rate faster than that of the seven most common

  17. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    t know,” I said, “How about a sewer system? ” They go, “Ah,ll kill us! If you ask for a sewer system, they’ll literallytheir part of town they had no sewers, no paved streets, no

  18. The Rise of Oceanography in the United States, 1900-1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ki Won

    2010-01-01

    Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology. NewOceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology (NewOceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology, was

  19. Capillary rise between flexible walls T. Cambau, J. Bico and E. Reyssat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bico,José

    & Optical Physics ·Bose­Einstein Condensates & Ultracold Gases ·Metamaterials, Nanostructures & Magnetic

  20. The Rise of Oceanography in the United States, 1900-1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ki Won

    2010-01-01

    on the cause of currents and oceanic circulation. It was,topography and the oceanic current system. This practicalwithout the knowledge of oceanic current systems, ecology of

  1. LOCAL INTERSTELLAR HYDROGEN'S DISAPPEARANCE AT 1 AU: FOUR YEARS OF IBEX IN THE RISING SOLAR CYCLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saul, Lukas; Rodriguez, Diego; Scheer, Juergen; Wurz, Peter; Bzowski, Maciej; Kubiak, Marzena; Sokol, Justina; Fuselier, Stephen; McComas, Dave; Moebius, Eberhard

    2013-04-20

    NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) mission has recently opened a new window on the interstellar medium (ISM) by imaging neutral atoms. One ''bright'' feature in the sky is the interstellar wind flowing into the solar system. Composed of remnants of stellar explosions as well as primordial gas and plasma, the ISM is by no means uniform. The interaction of the local ISM with the solar wind shapes our heliospheric environment with hydrogen being the dominant component of the very local ISM. In this paper, we report on direct sampling of the neutral hydrogen of the local ISM over four years of IBEX observations. The hydrogen wind observed at 1 AU has decreased and nearly disappeared as the solar activity has increased over the last four years; the signal at 1 AU has dropped off in 2012 by a factor of {approx}8 to near background levels. The longitudinal offset has also increased with time presumably due to greater radiation pressure deflecting the interstellar wind. We present longitudinal and latitudinal arrival direction measurements of the bulk flow as measured over four years beginning at near solar minimum conditions. The H distribution we observe at 1 AU is expected to be different from that outside the heliopause due to ionization, photon pressure, gravity, and filtration by interactions with heliospheric plasma populations. These observations provide an important benchmark for modeling of the global heliospheric interaction. Based on these observations we suggest a further course of scientific action to observe neutral hydrogen over a full solar cycle with IBEX.

  2. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    webinar on Solar Power Purchase Agreements, June 12, 2008.Solar PPA: When an Organization is Ready for a Power Purchase Agreement,”

  3. Rising From a Placid Lake: China's Three Gorges at the Intersection of History, Aesthetics and Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrnes, Corey J.

    2013-01-01

    down" or "to transmit" (chuan ') seems out of place in thisof the poem, his use of chuan ' encourages such a reading.speaking, moving from Western Chuan to Eastern Chuan the

  4. 8 GENEWATCH JULY AUGUST 2003 THE FALL AND RISE OF SYSTEMS BIOLOGY BY STUART A. NEWMAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Stuart A.

    would not provide -- as had been promised by Human Genome Project (HGP) administrators and scientists spokespersons of the HGP, is that an organism's genome is only a "parts list." The real work, and real

  5. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    the Acquisition of Nuclear Weapons [Includes Japan Sectioncan be used to create nuclear weapons. If the spent fuel isbetween nations with nuclear weapons and nations which

  6. Fact #652: December 6, 2010 U.S. Crude Oil Production Rises

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The production of crude oil in the U.S., including lease condensates, rose in 2009 for the first time since 1991. The general trend of declining oil production began in 1986 after a slight peak in...

  7. Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pournazeri, Sam

    2012-01-01

    M.J. , 2005. Spatial analysis of air pollution and mortalityM.J. , 2005. Spatial analysis of air pollution and mortalityfrom DG units (An analysis of air quality impact of CG

  8. The Rise and Fall of the Bush Doctrine: the Impact on Transatlantic Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisse Vaïsse, Justin

    2006-01-01

    problems of terrorism, nuclear proliferation and instabilityterms of fighting nuclear proliferation, here again the Iraq

  9. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    that would prevent nuclear proliferation other than givingwith an ambitious nuclear non-proliferation agenda in mind,nuclear fuel into a pure plutonium product, may have proliferation

  10. Power Rental Market to Receive Thrust from Asia-Pacific, to Rise...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The report presents a detailed financial profile of some of the key vendors operating in the global market for power rental systems. These include Rental Power...

  11. The rise of the emerging Middle East carriers : outlook and implications for the global airline industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Sayeh, Karim Marwan

    2014-01-01

    The development of the aviation industry in the Middle East over the past decade has captivated both industry watchers and passengers alike. The interest in the Middle East aviation industry is due to the fact that it has ...

  12. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    Highways, Govt. of India, Basic Road Statistics of India,India. The Ministry of Road Transportation and Highways’ statistics

  13. Fact #714: February 13, 2012 Light Truck Sales on the Rise |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    gained market share in relation to car sales from 1970. In 2001, light trucks outsold cars for the first time. Light truck sales reached a peak in 2004. By 2008, truck sales had...

  14. U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    grows, the Energy Department's investments in this sector have begun to bear fruit. Three solar manufacturing companies that have received research and development funding from the...

  15. A review of "Henry Stubbe’s The Rise and Progress of Mahometanism" by Nabil Matar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    humor combines two elements. As for the soul’s relation to the body, the period’s inconsistent terminology (spiritus, anima, animus, ratio) further obscures what is rational soul, what is generated by the body, what is condensed from air, what... is super-rational, whether we inherit the immortal soul or God infuses it, and so forth. Donne expressed his own bewilderment, as Collins says, in a letter with no year specified but probably to Henry Goodere. He had company. Despite some slips...

  16. Nano-Bio-Genesis: Tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Rajan P

    2007-07-14

    of the University of California system. Then-governor Gray Davis formally introduced these research centers in his 2000–2001 budget, which were enacted in California Assembly Bill 2883 of 2000. The impetus for the establishment of these institutes, which came... Money With great fanfare, President William J. Clinton announced the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) to a packed audience at Caltech on January 21, 2000 [14]. Through this initiative, President Clinton more than doubled the federal funding...

  17. Geochemistry of deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluids from the Mid-Cayman Rise, Caribbean Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDermott, Jill Marie

    2015-01-01

    This thesis examines the controls on organic, inorganic, and volatile species distributions in hydrothermal fluids venting at Von Damm and Piccard, two recently discovered vent fields at the ultra slow spreading Mid-Cayman ...

  18. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    history of the United States, in which I wanted to talk about what had changed in terms of technology

  19. WHARTON UNDERGRADUATE CLASS OF 2016 -RISING JUNIORS SUMMER 2014 PURSUITS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    , investment management, nonbanking financial analysis, and sales & trading. Marketing (10.1% Finance: Sales 0.9% Trading 1.3% Venture Capital 2.6% Government 3.0% Healthcare 1.7% Information,865 $700 $5,000 Education 3 (2.5%) $2,033 $1,000 $3,500 Energy 2 (1

  20. Slow Rise and Partial Eruption of a Double-Decker Filament. I Observations and Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Rui; TÖrÖk, Tibor; Liu, Chang; Titov, Viacheslav S; Lionello, Roberto; Linker, Jon A; Wang, Haimin

    2012-01-01

    We study an active-region dextral filament which was composed of two branches separated in height by about 13 Mm. This "double-decker" configuration sustained for days before the upper branch erupted with a GOES-class M1.0 flare on 2010 August 7. Analyzing this evolution, we obtain the following main results. 1) During hours before the eruption, filament threads within the lower branch were observed to intermittently brighten up, lift upward, and then merge with the upper branch. The merging process contributed magnetic flux and current to the upper branch, resulting in its quasi-static ascent. 2) This transfer might serve as the key mechanism for the upper branch to lose equilibrium by reaching the limiting flux that can be stably held down by the overlying field or by reaching the threshold of the torus instability. 3) The erupting branch first straightened from a reverse S shape that followed the polarity inversion line and then writhed into a forward S shape. This shows a transfer of left-handed helicity ...

  1. The Impact of Rising Food Prices on Household Welfare in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Eliisabeth

    2009-01-01

    that these cereal and oil price increases of 28 to 52% wouldthe large increase in oil prices, leaving them with only aprices and 2.2% from the oil price increase. Poor people

  2. WPTV News Channel 5 Consumer rights limited after rising business cyber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    hacked. "Somebody hacked into his business and his business was compromised," she said. But when Joan wanted to know which and whose businesses was hacked, her credit card company wouldn't tell her, she says Networks, revealed out of 600 businesses surveyed, 90 percent claimed they had been hacked in the past year

  3. Rise and fall of the Paratethys Sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis W. Krijgsman a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    with elusive tectonic processes in the Gibraltar arc. A subsequent fall of Paratethyan water level closely isolated from the Atlantic Ocean, triggering widespread precipitation of gypsum (5.96­5.6 Ma), massive salt

  4. California's Futures: Accommodating Growth in An Era of Climate Change and Rising Fuel Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    especially China and India. Oil demand is a growing concerncoal, oil, and natural gas. Two-thirds of the new demand

  5. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    5% used Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG), and 4% used Compressed27% used diesel and 3% used LPG. In the taxis and rickshawsused diesel, and 2% used LPG; in the Thane region 53% used

  6. Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pournazeri, Sam

    2012-01-01

    fluid modeling of liquefied natural gas cloud dispersion -fluid modeling of liquefied natural gas cloud dispersion -

  7. Preliminary global assessment of terrestrial biodiversity consequences of sea level rise mediated by climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menon, Shaily; Soberó n, Jorge; Li, Xingong; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2010-02-25

    -desert 653010 0.26 0.03 1 0 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests 224929 2.48 0.41 33 6 27 32.9 33.0 32.9 33.0 South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert 352341 3.21 0.37 5 0 5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed...-desert 653010 0.26 0.03 1 0 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests 224929 2.48 0.41 33 6 27 32.9 33.0 32.9 33.0 South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert 352341 3.21 0.37 5 0 5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed...

  8. Airflow Characteristics of Direct-Type Kitchen Hood Systems in High-Rise Apartment Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, M.

    2011-01-01

    25 Conclusions (1) In the case of the reference model, when the exhaust hood is not in operation, both infiltration and leakage airflow are observed due to wind pressure and stack effect. When the exhaust hood system is in operation, the exhaust... stream_source_info ESL-IC-11-10-12.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 4866 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IC-11-10-12.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Airflow...

  9. Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reffat, R. M.

    2010-01-01

    , office automation and energy efficiency. In essence, the components of a smart building must include building management system for real time control, utility functions, energy efficiency/energy management, security and life safety systems... in respective order as shown in Figure 8. Other additional features involve interoperable systems that can help in easily integrating current smart technology without substantial modification. ESL-IC-10-10-23 Proceedings of the Tenth...

  10. Subsidence, Sea Level Rise, and Seismicity in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mount, Jeffrey; Twiss, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Resources. 1989. Delta subsidence investigation progressreversing the effects of subsidence in the Sacramento-SanC. 2004. Levee integrity and subsidence: tied at the hip for

  11. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    of the Indian Middle Classes. Routledge, India, 2011. Ben-The Politics of Forgetting: Class Politics, State Power andEconomy of the Middle Classes in Liberalising India. Working

  12. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    and established middle-classes. Figure 2.11 shows threeof the Indian Middle Classes. Routledge, India, 2011. Ben-The Politics of Forgetting: Class Politics, State Power and

  13. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In this project, the Building America CARB team evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  14. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  15. Identifying Charged Hadrons on the Relativistic Rise Using the ALICE TPC at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gros, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    The chain from hadron collisions to the physics results requires several important links. First the outcome of the collision is measured by the detectors. Then, the signal from the detector is processed and transformed into information relevant for the study of the physics processes. The data is made available to physicists to be analysed and used to improve theories. This thesis presents work done on no most of these steps for the ALICE experiment at LHC. First a study of the main processes in the TPC detector for ALICE was done using simulation and test beam data. The results are shown in paper I. The study was deepened with the analysis of test beam data from a TPC prototype for the ILC, as shown in paper III. Concurrently, a study on the Grid – computing framework for distributed computing and storage resources – was performed. This involved the development of an interface module between the ALICE software AliEn and the ARC software developped in the Nordic countries. This work is presented in paper I...

  16. Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pournazeri, Sam

    2012-01-01

    in the vertical and crosswind directions, respectively,the standard deviation of crosswind and vertical velocityplume spread in the u 2 crosswind direction at distance x

  17. Surficial sediments of the continental rise and slope, Niger Delta, West Africa: properties and geology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, David William

    1999-01-01

    The submarine portions of the Niger Delta, West Africa are undergoing active gravity tectonic deformation due to thick deposits of ductile shale overlain by paralic sands. Because the region is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, the subdermal Niger Delta...

  18. The Rise of Oceanography in the United States, 1900-1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ki Won

    2010-01-01

    Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives. University ofPressing Needs in the Field of Biological Oceanography. ”Scripps Institution of Oceanography (Non-technical), 13 (

  19. Age of the Sky Giants: The Rise and Fall of Airships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohnesorgen, Frank

    2015-01-01

    However, several airships disasters, the Hindenburg amongpopularity and support airships once enjoyed. Due to thesea short span of time airships all but disappeared from the

  20. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    they come to my house. Two FBI guys come to the door, andon the door, and they look like FBI guys, with the shoes andpeople with flash cameras. The FBI guys run away, literally.

  1. Fact #670: April 11, 2011 Vehicle-Miles of Travel Rises in 2010

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The preliminary estimates from the Federal Highway Administration show that vehicle-miles of travel (VMT) increased slightly in 2010 over the previous year, but have not surpassed the peak of 3.03...

  2. Cross-formational rising groundwater at an artesian karstic basin: the Ayalon Saline Anomaly, Israel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gvirtzman, Haim

    27 October 2003; revised 6 June 2005; accepted 27 June 2005 Abstract It is proposed that a geothermal groundwater monitoring was carried out at 68 new shallow boreholes in the Ayalon region, accompanied permeable swarms of karstic shafts, serving as an outflow of the artesian geothermal system. The ASA area

  3. Using Marketing Muscle to Sell Fat: The Rise of Obesity in the Modern Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, Frederick J

    2011-01-01

    45 22. Fed. Trade Comm. 2008. Marketing food to children andGallo AE. 1998. The food marketing system in 1996. U.S. Dep.www.annualreviews.org • Marketing Obesity Annu. Rev. Public.

  4. The Rising Strength of Management, High Unemployment and Slow Growth: Revisiting Okun’s Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Michael

    2012-01-01

    primarily wages but also raw materials prices—had squeezedthe demand for labor, raw materials, and other inputs fasterespecially in the labor and raw material markets. Weisskopf

  5. Fact #851 December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The number of gears in a transmission affects a vehicle's fuel economy and performance. The more gears a vehicle has, the more time the engine spends within an optimal operating range while the...

  6. Experimental and analytical investigation of the seismic performance of low-rise masonry veneer buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okail, Hussein

    2010-01-01

    J. , “Implications of the IRC Seismic Requirements on Brickand Two-Family Dwellings (IRC)”, 2006. Itani, R.Y. , andwallboards, respectively. The IRC (ICC, 2006) provides

  7. Made in China : the rise of the Chinese domestic firms in the information industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Peilei, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    This research uses a multi-case analysis approach to study China's catching-up as a late-industrialized economy in the information and communications technology (ICT) industries. The significant contributions of this study ...

  8. Influence of hydrodynamics on the larval supply to hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Diane K. (Diane Kirsten)

    2007-01-01

    Examination of the scales at which larval supply varies spatially and temporally, and correlation with concurrent physical observations can provide insights into larval transport mechanisms that contribute to structuring ...

  9. Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pournazeri, Sam

    2012-01-01

    150 Upstream and Downstreamc, f), both upstream and downstream (d, g). Single storey (with single storey upstream and downstream buildings, and (

  10. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    upload/NationalOutreachPubs/ IREC%20Solar%20Market%20Trends%PPAs: Market Overview,” IREC webinar on Solar Power Purchase

  11. Impacts of Rising Construction and Equipment Costs on Energy Industries (released in AEO2007)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    Costs related to the construction industry have been volatile in recent years. Some of the volatility may be related to higher energy prices. Prices for iron and steel, cement, and concrete -- commodities used heavily in the construction of new energy projects -- rose sharply from 2004 to 2006, and shortages have been reported. How such price fluctuations may affect the cost or pace of new development in the energy industries is not known with any certainty, and short-term changes in commodity prices are not accounted for in the 25-year projections in Annual Energy Outlook 2007. Most projects in the energy industries require long planning and construction lead times, which can lessen the impacts of short-term trends.

  12. TQ)TTC^/7T\\ Rise-Rr546 Systems Analysis Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory during 1986. The activi- ties may be classified as energy systems analysis and risk.5. Unwanted chemical reactions in the chemical process industry 15 2.6. Risk analysis, NKA 16 3. ENERGY ECONOMY MODELS 18 3.1. European Commission energy-economy and environmental models 18 3.2. Uncertainties

  13. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    used Compressed Natural Gas (CNG); in the Thane region, 69%in Greater Mumbai 89% used CNG, 5% used petrol, 3% used35% used diesel, 12% used CNG and 1% used LPG. In the bus

  14. On the Rates of Sea Level Rise -- Clues From the Distant Past

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Wolfgang H

    2009-01-01

    o d a y . 1 9 , 4 - 1 0 . Peltier. W. R. , a nd R . G . F acorresponding depth in the Peltier and Fairbanks graph (4

  15. Z .Global and Planetary Change 20 1999 93123 Global sea level rise and glacial isostatic adjustment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    adjustment W.R. Peltier ) Department of Physics, UniÕersity of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto-mail: peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca Z .rather recently Peltier and Tushingham, 1989 , it was not clearly;( )W.R. PeltierrGlobal and Planetary Change 20 1999 93­12394 Z .existed at that time e.g., Peltier

  16. As carbon dioxide rises, food quality will decline without careful nitrogen management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloom, Arnold J

    2009-01-01

    exposed to elevated carbon dioxide. Mean of 285 studies (and ambient (365 ppm) carbon dioxide atmospheres, in freeand ambient (366 ppm) carbon dioxide concentrations under

  17. WHARTON UNDERGRADUATE CLASS OF 2014 -RISING SENIORS SUMMER 2013 EMPLOYMENT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    -time positions) Students interned in a wide array of job functions. Many worked in various areas of finance.5% Finance: Sales 0.8% Finance: Trading 3.9% Financial Planning & Analysis 4.9% Government 1.5% Healthcare 0,760 - $2,400 Energy 2 (0.7%) * * Financial Services 184 (59.4%) $5,299 $750 - $10,000 Government 1 (0

  18. WHARTON UNDERGRADUATE CLASS OF 2014 -RISING JUNIORS SUMMER 2012 PURSUITS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    .3% Communications 3.4% Consulting 13.3% Economic Research 0.9% Education 2.5% Energy/Environment Research 0.6% Engineering 1.5% Finance: Commercial Banking/Lending 3.7% Finance: Financial Planning & Analysis 5.6% Finance: Investment Management 6.5% Finance: Private Equity 3.4% Finance: Securities Research 2

  19. WHARTON UNDERGRADUATE CLASS OF 2013 -RISING SENIORS SUMMER 2012 EMPLOYMENT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    array of job functions. Many worked in various areas of finance including investment banking, securities.8% Education / Nonprofit 1.5% Energy 0.2% Engineering 1.2% Commercial Banking / Lending 1.7% Financial Planning.4% Investment Banking 30.6% Finance: Sales 1.5% Finance: Trading 5.8% Venture Capital 0.7% Government 1

  20. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings - Phase 1: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.

    2012-04-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, MA to implement and study improvements to the heating system in one of the non-profit's housing developments. The heating control systems in the 42-unit Columbia CAST housing development were upgraded in an effort projected to reduce heating costs by 15 to 25 percent.

  1. Numerical Simulation of 3D Bubbles Rising in Viscous Liquids using a Front Tracking Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Ping

    Hua a , Jan F. Stene b and Ping Lin b a Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Science Park Road of High Performance Computing 1 Science Park Road, #01-01 The Capricorn Singapore 117528 Email address. Stene b and Ping Lin b a Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Science Park Road, #01

  2. Rising From a Placid Lake: China's Three Gorges at the Intersection of History, Aesthetics and Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrnes, Corey J.

    2013-01-01

    surreal events—an orb-like UFO, a monument that blasts intoa glowing, silvery orb. As the UFO moves to the right thethe arrival of the glowing UFO that first links Han Sanming

  3. Using Marketing Muscle to Sell Fat: The Rise of Obesity in the Modern Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, Frederick J

    2011-01-01

    marketing mix Product Product innovation Price Value mealdeals, product placement, product innovation, sophisticatedextension, sales. Food product innovation. Food science en-

  4. New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Analysis As part of our commitment to improve the resilience of our electric grid in the face of extreme weather events, OE has released findings of a pilot study that...

  5. Sea-Level Rise, El Niño, And The Future Of The California Coastline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Nicole Lian

    2014-01-01

    Monterey Bay (deep-water offshore buoy) are shown. PredictedBay (deep-water offshore buoy)…………………………………………………………………21cdip.ucsd.edu/). The NDBC’s offshore deep- water buoys

  6. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

    2014-09-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

  7. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    of changes to federal renewable energy policy as part of Theevaluation of renewable energy policies; understanding thepolicies often demonstrate their compliance using what are known as renewable energy

  8. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    which uses solar energy to generate electricity. ” Thoughwhich uses solar energy to generate electricity” qualifiesenergy-only electricity rates for commercial solar in

  9. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    to master and control nuclear technology both as a means toobtain and develop nuclear technology would be improved. ”nondiscriminatory forms of nuclear technology. 35 On March

  10. Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and Sea-Level Rise with the Community...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (SLR). IPCC assessments suggest 21st century SLR of approx0.5 m under aggressive emission scenarios. Semi-empirical models project SLR of approx1 m or more by 2100. Although...

  11. Rising From a Placid Lake: China's Three Gorges at the Intersection of History, Aesthetics and Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrnes, Corey J.

    2013-01-01

    that underlie documentary film, painting and photography injilu l°) and "documentary film" (jilu pian l corporealityto document"—jilu "#—and "documentary film"—jilupian "#. And

  12. Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pournazeri, Sam

    2012-01-01

    dispersion at Ostiglia power station. Atmos. Environ. 8 (Northfleet and Tilbury power stations. Atmos. Environ. , 1,Tilbury and Northfleet power station resembling an isolated

  13. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    lessee/site host. C. Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) Underthrough what is known as a power purchase agreement (PPA). 9from voluntary green power purchases, but to date, the price

  14. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: Theevolution of commercial PV finance in the United States, hasinvestors”). A. Balance Sheet Finance Only a few years ago,

  15. Subsidence, Sea Level Rise, and Seismicity in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mount, Jeffrey; Twiss, Robert

    2005-01-01

    sed- iment yield of the Sacramento River, California, 1957-record of decision. Sacramento (CA): California Bay-Deltaprogram plan (years 4-7). Sacramento (CA): California Bay-

  16. Research in the social sciences Lecturer's book charts fall and rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    as much fun reading it.' New research on migration investigates how it affects poverty According migrants and their communities. The grant will support the Migrating out of Poverty Consortium, led will enable Sussex researchers to study how migrant workers' incomes affect poverty 12 #12;`For instance

  17. Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Energy Information Administration began tracking biodiesel consumption in 2001. For the first few years biodiesel consumption remained relatively low – well under one thousand barrels per...

  18. Experimental and analytical investigation of the seismic performance of low-rise masonry veneer buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okail, Hussein

    2010-01-01

    and Below . 28 Table 3.1. Summary of Wood-Stud Wall43 Table 3.2. Test Sequence for the Wood-StudModel for Wood-Stud Walls 122

  19. Fact #740: August 13, 2012 Interest in Smaller Vehicles is on the Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Consumer Reports conducted a survey of 1,702 adults in April 2012. Respondents were asked what type of vehicle they currently own and what type of vehicle they plan to buy next. The responses...

  20. Global nuclear power supply chains and the rise of China's nuclear industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzler, Florian

    2012-01-01

    China has embarked on a massive expansion of nuclear power that may fundamentally change the global nuclear industry, for better or for worse. Some industry observers argue that the incumbent nuclear power companies are ...

  1. Rationalization of bathroom service sub-systems in high-rise public housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chi-wei, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1983-01-01

    Because of the increasing demand for a large quantity of public housing in Taiwan, construction productivity has become an important issue. Among those building elements, the bathroom has been accused as presenting one of ...

  2. The Rapid Rise of Middle-Class Vehicle Ownership in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirgaokar, Manish

    2012-01-01

    agencies discuss sustainable urbanism for cities in India,Objectives such as sustainable urbanism can be promoted

  3. English Purchasing Power: The Rise of Consumerism in Rural England, 1675-1750

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connell, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    in  the  structure   of  the  agrarian  economy—namely  structure,  their  close  proximity  to  domestic  and  foreign   trade  routes,  English  land  organization,  the  timely  introduction  of  agrarian  

  4. AIR FLOW DISTRIBUTION IN A HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL Helmut E. Feustel and Richard C. Diamond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    To provide good indoor air quality or to calculate space conditioning loads for energy consumption for providing sufficient indoor air quality has an impact on the energy consumption of the building. The effect consumption per floor for a 12 story apartment building in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Consumption data have

  5. Laboratory variables for assessing iron deficiency in REDS-II Iron Status Evaluation (RISE) blood donors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    value overall. Use of ancillary testing in this manner couldthan iron deficiency. Ancillary tests (especially ferritin

  6. Having difficulty with Chinese? - the rise of the vernacular book in Japan, Korea and Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornicki, Peter

    2009-04-14

    of the eighth century, therefore, I am talking of the kingdom of Silla which occupied the Korean peninsula, of Parhae to the north of it, and of China, Japan and Annam, which occupied the northern part of what is now Vietnam; if we leap ahead... to the nineteenth century then I am talking of China itself, of unified Korea, of Japan, of the Ry?ky? kingdom (which is now called Okinawa and is part of Japan), of a much enlarged Vietnam, and of Manchuria, the north- eastern part of China. For the sake...

  7. Analysis of the Benefits of Photovoltaic in High Rise Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylvester, K. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01

    further, recent studies have integrated photovoltaic glazed window systems into the building shell. To understand the relationship between photovoltaic windows, energy use and human satisfaction, this paper presents a study of the effects of photovoltaic...

  8. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    context of California’s solar market. California is chosenby far the largest solar market in the United States, and isLarry Sherwood, U.S. Solar Market Trends 2007, I NTERSTATE R

  9. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    Issue; Pages Missing],” Top Secret, Memorandum, March 18,Information Items,” Top Secret- Sensitive, Report, Septemberfor Dr. Brzezinski,” Top Secret, Report, September 28, 1977,

  10. The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autor, David

    2012-01-24

    Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with ...

  11. Fact #813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The sales-weighted fuel economy average of all light vehicles sold in model year (MY) 2013 was 1.6 miles per gallon (mpg) higher than MY 2011. This increase brings the new light vehicle fuel...

  12. SLOW RISE AND PARTIAL ERUPTION OF A DOUBLE-DECKER FILAMENT. I. OBSERVATIONS AND INTERPRETATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Rui; Kliem, Bernhard; Toeroek, Tibor; Titov, Viacheslav S.; Lionello, Roberto; Linker, Jon A.; Liu Chang; Wang Haimin

    2012-09-01

    We study an active-region dextral filament that was composed of two branches separated in height by about 13 Mm, as inferred from three-dimensional reconstruction by combining SDO and STEREO-B observations. This 'double-decker' configuration sustained for days before the upper branch erupted with a GOES-class M1.0 flare on 2010 August 7. Analyzing this evolution, we obtain the following main results. (1) During the hours before the eruption, filament threads within the lower branch were observed to intermittently brighten up, lift upward, and then merge with the upper branch. The merging process contributed magnetic flux and current to the upper branch, resulting in its quasi-static ascent. (2) This transfer might serve as the key mechanism for the upper branch to lose equilibrium by reaching the limiting flux that can be stably held down by the overlying field or by reaching the threshold of the torus instability. (3) The erupting branch first straightened from a reverse S shape that followed the polarity inversion line and then writhed into a forward S shape. This shows a transfer of left-handed helicity in a sequence of writhe-twist-writhe. The fact that the initial writhe is converted into the twist of the flux rope excludes the helical kink instability as the trigger process of the eruption, but supports the occurrence of the instability in the main phase, which is indeed indicated by the very strong writhing motion. (4) A hard X-ray sigmoid, likely of coronal origin, formed in the gap between the two original filament branches in the impulsive phase of the associated flare. This supports a model of transient sigmoids forming in the vertical flare current sheet. (5) Left-handed magnetic helicity is inferred for both branches of the dextral filament. (6) Two types of force-free magnetic configurations are compatible with the data, a double flux rope equilibrium and a single flux rope situated above a loop arcade.

  13. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    be doing, you know, nuclear power. (I didn’t know anythingd never heard an argument against nuclear power in my life.weapons, sure, but not nuclear power. ) I studied so hard.

  14. Stochastic State Transitions Give Rise to Phenotypic Equilibrium in Populations of Cancer Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fillmore, Christine M.

    Cancer cells within individual tumors often exist in distinct phenotypic states that differ in functional attributes. While cancer cell populations typically display distinctive equilibria in the proportion of cells in ...

  15. Supporting Information The effect of strong acid functional groups on electrode rise potential in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElectrodePotential(vsAgAgCl-1 ) YP50(Neg) YP(Pos) RP20(Neg) RP20(Pos) SX+(Neg) SX+(Pos) BC(Neg) BC(Pos) Hrd(Neg) Hrd(Pos) Figure

  16. The Rise and Fall of the Bush Doctrine: the Impact on Transatlantic Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisse Vaïsse, Justin

    2006-01-01

    January 19th, 2006. National Security Strategy of the unitedfirst words of the National Security Strategy of 2006 are "PI_fevrier2006.pdf National Security Strategy of the united

  17. Off-the-Job Injuries are on the Rise- and Costly

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Do you have an off-the-job safety program? Should you? The findings from a National Safety Council survey suggest that off-the-job injuries cost companies and society in general as much, if not more than on-the-job injuries!

  18. Abstract Rising atmospheric CO2 may stimulate future forest productivity, possibly increasing carbon storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solution (DOC) were monitored biweekly. Soil respiration was measured with a portable infrared gas analyzer. Soil pCO2 and DOC samples were collected from soil gas wells and tension lysimeters, respectively; Ceulemans et al. 1999). Productivity may be further stimulated by nitrogen (N) deposition (Galloway et al

  19. The Rise of Solitons in Sine-Gordon Field Theory: From Jacobi Amplitude to Gudermannian Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardo Mondaini

    2014-11-20

    We show how the famous soliton solution of the classical sine-Gordon field theory in $(1+1)$-dimensions may be obtained as a particular case of a solution expressed in terms of the Jacobi amplitude, which is the inverse function of the incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind.

  20. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    about George Washington Carver and the peanut, becausethey had peanut butter for lunch every day.George Washington Carver and the peanut, and how we should

  1. Insights into spatial sensitivities of ice mass response to environmental change from the SeaRISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levermann, Anders

    Pollard,15 Stephen F. Price,12 Diandong Ren,16 Eric Rignot,10,13 Fuyuki Saito,17 Tatsuru Sato,7 Hakime, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA. 9 Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy. 11 Potsdam Institute for Climate Research, Potsdam, Germany. 12 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los

  2. Gangster Boogie: Los Angeles and the Rise of Gangsta Rap, 1965-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viator, Felicia Angeja

    2012-01-01

    dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder. ” W.E.B.dark. ” 8 By the early 1960s, Los Angeles had become host to a growing web

  3. As Global energy consumption rises, more research is being conducted towards alternative renewable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    60 ULSD O20 O35 O50 O100 Viscosity[cP] Temperature [C] 30 35 40 45 50 0 20 40 60 80 100 Data 1 10:33:39 AM 4/6/2012 Methyl Oleate LHV LHV[MJ/kg] FAME in ULSD [%] 46 48 50 52 54 56 0 20 40 60 80 100 Methyl Oleate CN CetaneNumber[CN] FAME in ULSD[%] Methyl Oleate ( C17H33COOCH3 ) is produced from Oleic Acid

  4. Carbon Isotope Constraints on the Deglacial CO2 Rise from Ice Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    controls the isotopic fractionation during air/sea gas exchange. The continuous rain of isotopically light carbon storage, which result in a net change in the carbon isotopic composition of the ocean--EPICA (Europe- an Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) Dome C and Talos Dome--performed with three independent

  5. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    also include an “early buyout option” that is exercisable atof encouraging an early buyout once all of the tax benefitsany end-of-term or early buyout options (i.e. , it assumes

  6. Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark A

    2009-02-15

    Installations of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United States have increased dramatically in recent years, growing from less than 20 MW in 2000 to nearly 500 MW at the end of 2007, a compound average annual growth rate of 59%. Of particular note is the increasing contribution of 'non-residential' grid-connected PV systems--defined here as those systems installed on the customer (rather than utility) side of the meter at commercial, institutional, non-profit, or governmental properties--to the overall growth trend. Although there is some uncertainty in the numbers, non-residential PV capacity grew from less than half of aggregate annual capacity installations in 2000-2002 to nearly two-thirds in 2007. This relative growth trend is expected to have continued through 2008. This article, which is excerpted from a longer report, focuses specifically on just one subset of the non-residential PV market: systems hosted (and perhaps owned) by commercial, tax-paying entities. Tax-exempt entities (e.g., non-profits or municipalities) face unique issues and have different financing options at their disposal; readers interested in PV financing options for tax-exempt entities can find more information in the Bolinger report.

  7. A direct displacement-based design of low-rise seismic resistant steel moment frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, John L.

    2006-01-01

    1998. Building Officials Code Administrators International (BOCAI Building Officials Code Administrators Internationalof Building Officials ICC International Code Council LRFD

  8. From hutong to hi-rise : explaining the transformation of Old Beijing, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Jasper, 1978-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis attempts to explain the redevelopment of Old Beijing during the period 1990-2002. During this time, at least one third of the Old City was transformed from an urban fabric consisting principally of courtyard ...

  9. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations Continue to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The share of 4 cylinder engines installed in light vehicles has been increasing since 2004. Beginning in 2006, cars have shown an increase in 4 cylinder engine installations while 8 cylinder engine...

  10. The Rise of Outsiders in Latin America, 1980-2010: an Institutionalist Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Party system collapse in Venezuela and Peru. Latin AmericanHawkins, K. A. (2010). Venezuela’s chavismo and populism inColombia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela) and have much higher

  11. The Rising Strength of Management, High Unemployment and Slow Growth: Revisiting Okun’s Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Michael

    2012-01-01

    time to a low-road business model in the US, one in whichshift in the corporate business model meant that employersmuch the corporate business model has shifted. As Hallock et

  12. RISE 2 R/V Pt Sur Cruise Report By David A. Jay, OGI/OHSU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    is to be car- ried out by two vessels, the R/V Wecoma (biological and chemical studies) and the R/V Pt Sur was partially an exploratory venture, testing our approach to project hypotheses, and the suitability Mid-March through June was well above average in the Columbia western sub-basin. Discharge

  13. The Rise and Fall of the Bush Doctrine: the Impact on Transatlantic Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisse Vaïsse, Justin

    2006-01-01

    your imagination. Imagine "Iraq" never took place. We'rebut no intervention in Iraq happened. What's the picture ? -the road. So if you take Iraq out of the picture, it's hard

  14. Fact #646: October 25, 2010 Prices for Used Vehicles Rise Sharply from 2008 to 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The collapse of new vehicle sales in 2008 has led to lower sales volumes of new vehicles. Also, consumers and business are holding on to their vehicles longer. Both of these factors have resulted...

  15. Rise and fall of a tactic: the ram in nineteenth century naval doctrine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Robert Leroy

    1989-01-01

    , the chests reached velocities of between four and six meters per second and U. S. , Congress, House of Representatives, Report Number 681: "War Steamers, " to accompany bill H. R. $448 (29th Congress, 1st Session, 20 May, 1846), 27. Barron, "Prow Ship", p.... , 158; "A Royal Navy Officer", "Tactical Results of Recent Naval Construction, " Naval Science, Vol. 2 No. 2 (AP '1, 1873), 1397 Ed d J 2 d, ~0 ~ld 88 ((. o d: JoR M 9, 1869), 20. Baxter, Introduction of the Ironclad Warshi , 100. U. S. , Department...

  16. Spatial variability of sea level rise due to water impoundment behind dams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Clint

    dams Julia W. Fiedler1 and Clinton P. Conrad2 Received 29 March 2010; revised 12 May 2010; accepted 18 May 2010; published 19 June 2010. [1] Dams have impounded 10,800 km3 of water since 1900, reducing depresses the earth's surface near dams and elevates the geoid, which locally increases relative sea level

  17. Giovanni Arrighi: Systemic Cycles of Accumulation, Hegemonic Transitions, and the Rise of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I.

    2011-01-01

    become the centre of a new world order (the new hegemon) itProduction, Power, and World Order (New York: Columbianew and more powerful Bandung – that would usher in a more progressive world order – ‘

  18. English Purchasing Power: The Rise of Consumerism in Rural England, 1675-1750

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connell, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    corn  used  in  beer  brewing. 241     238  Thomas  Stuart  their  own  homes.    Home   brewing  was  widespread  in  brew  houses  or  brewing   chambers,  less  well-­?to-­?

  19. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    of the ‘right’ to reprocess. ” 52 Thus, the administrationJapan’s strong desire to reprocess spent fuel, coupled withthe U.S. , Japan’s bid to reprocess at Tokai represented the

  20. A Magazine of Nature: "Garden and Forest" and the Rise of American Environmental Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Shen

    2008-07-31

    the readers and their response to the magazine. Finally, the historian of a magazine should explore the relationship between the magazine and society, especially its influence on the development of a particular historical period. Prosopography is a useful... environmental awareness in the United States during a critically formative period. Studying this magazine involves three lines of analysis. First, it is necessary to reevaluate this journal?s contribution to the development of American history...