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1

Chapter 18 - Worldwide Coal Mine Methane and Coalbed Methane Activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The chapter provides an overview of coal bed methane production in all countries (except USA; covered in Chapter 17) around the world where there is a viable coal deposit. Coal deposits are shown in a map and coal bed methane reserves are estimated. All countries can follow the lead provided by USA in CBM production where 10% of total gas consumption (2 TCF/year) comes from coal seams. Exploitation of thick and deep coal seams using the latest technology can create a vast source of domestic energy for many countries around the world.

Charlee Boger; James S. Marshall; Raymond C. Pilcher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

2010 Worldwide Gasification Database  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database describes the current world gasification industry and identifies near-term planned capacity additions. The database lists gasification projects and includes information (e.g., plant location, number and type of gasifiers, syngas capacity, feedstock, and products). The database reveals that the worldwide gasification capacity has continued to grow for the past several decades and is now at 70,817 megawatts thermal (MWth) of syngas output at 144 operating plants with a total of 412 gasifiers.

3

Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc formerly Worldwide Manufacturing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manufacturing USA Inc formerly Worldwide Manufacturing Manufacturing USA Inc formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA Jump to: navigation, search Name Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA) Place San Bruno, California Zip 94066 Product Worldwide Manufacturing USA is an engineering company based in San Bruno, California. References Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA) is a company located in San Bruno, California . References ↑ "Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA)"

4

CHAPTER 7  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

resulting from advances received for cost- reimbursement contracts for construction or engineering services involving non-commercial items. 3. Please see Chapter 14, "Grants,...

5

All chapters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis BPA conducted the analysis in this chapter to quantify the potential impacts of a number of market uncertainties currently facing BPA and other utilities. The...

6

Dynamic Worldwide Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dynamic Worldwide Solar Energy Sector: Solar Product: US-based solar developer and financer. References: Dynamic Worldwide...

7

CHAPTER 6  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sep 2006) Sep 2006) CHAPTER 6 PATENT AND DATA RIGHTS WHAT ARE THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES OF PATENT AND DATA RIGHTS? 1. Determination of the rights DOE and the contractor have in data first produced under a contract. 2. Prompt reporting of invention disclosure and filing by contractor of patent applications. 3. Cooperation among academia, federal laboratories, and industry is fostered through the Technology Transfer Program. WHY ARE PATENT AND DATA RIGHTS IMPORTANT? This chapter informs members of the contract administration team about the roles and responsibilities regarding administration of the intellectual property provisions DOE contracts, particularly DOE management and operating M&O contracts. This chapter is divided into two

8

Wastewater Reuse — a Worldwide Issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water resource shortages are a problem that are plaguing the world. Wastewater recycling and reuse may be the solution to this worldwide problem. Recycled and properly treated wastewater is a safe alternative sou...

Thomas G. Sanders; Lisa M. Dunn; Vujica Yevjevich

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

WORLDWIDE FOCUS ON NUCLEAR WASTE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

WORLDWIDE FOCUS ON NUCLEAR WASTE ... Volume grows and years pile up, but world lacks consensus on disposing of nuclear waste ... WHAT TO DO WITH SPENT nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste is a problem shared by much of the world. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

Gaia Worldwide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Worldwide Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gaia Worldwide Name Gaia Worldwide Address PO Box 400848 Place Cambridge, Massachusetts Zip 02140 Region Greater Boston Area Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 2005 Phone number +1 (617) 312-3866 Notes Provider of Executive Search and headhunting services to solar and directly related industries. Coordinates 42.3906856°, -71.1299976° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3906856,"lon":-71.1299976,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Chapter 27 - Nuclear weapons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter faces the realization that the same atoms that can produce life-saving electricity can also be used to construct weapons of mass destruction. Some facilities, such as enrichment and reprocessing, in the nuclear fuel cycle can also serve dual uses when considering proliferation. The original atomic bombs were constructed of highly enriched uranium and high-grade plutonium, but their development led to thermonuclear devices with much larger yields. Thus far, nuclear war has been avoided by policies such as mutual assured destruction and international agreements such as the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is charged with performing worldwide nuclear material safeguards inspections. The legacy of the nuclear weapons arms race has left considerable weapons-grade materials that must be dealt with.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Chapter 18 - Management of Soil Biota and Their Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter explores the human management of soil microorganisms and the processes that microorganisms control through energetic metabolism. We detail examples of human manipulation of microorganisms to provide beneficial services to humankind, many inadvertent manipulations. Soil microorganisms play a central role in food and fiber production on a worldwide basis. They also play a major role in soil health, including nutrient cycling and aggregation of soil particles. Organic agriculture is particularly reliant on the microbial cycling of nutrients from organic amendments because inorganic plant nutrients are not applied. Other management strategies for soil microorganisms include the introduction of plant-growth promoting organisms, biocontrol agents for pests and weeds, and to control soil-borne pathogens. However, introduced organisms only survive for a period of days to weeks. Thus managing organisms for human benefit may be more up to the soil organism community than mankind.

Jeffrey L. Smith; Harold P. Collins; Alex R. Crump; Vanessa L. Bailey

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

CHAPTER 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Page 3-1 CHAPTER 3 CONTRACTOR HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WHAT ARE THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES OF CONTRACTOR HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT? To ensure that DOE contractors manage their Human Resource programs to: 1. Support the DOE mission, 2. Promote workforce excellence, 3. Champion work force diversity, 4. Achieve effective cost management performance, and 5. Comply with applicable laws and regulations. WHY IS CONTRACTOR HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT? Contractors that manage the Department's facilities maintain significant workforces necessary for the operation or integration of Department of Energy (DOE) sites. The Human Resources issues which arise are complex and extremely sensitive. These Human Resources issues can be potentially

14

Chapter 19  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

19.0 (December 2010) 19.0 (December 2010) 1 Small Business Programs - An Overview Chapter 19.0, Small Business Programs - An Overview Overview This section provides guidance and instruction to contracting personnel regarding small business programs in DOE. References: FAR 7.107 Additional requirements for acquisitions involving bundling FAR 19.201 General policy FAR 19.202-1 Encouraging small business participation in acquisitions FAR 19.302 Protesting a small business representation or rerepresentation FAR 19.306 Protesting a firm's status as a HUBZone small business concern FAR 19.307 Protesting a firm's status as a service-disabled veteran-owned small

15

Chapter XII Stochastic Searching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Research has produced automatic methods of establishing lists and patterns of keywords through statistical procedures performed by data processing machines on the original text of documents. This chapter discusses some of the developments, in this connection that constitute the current state of the art. To document the usage of stochastic processes and data sampling concepts in information retrieval, it suffices to consider that, in the real world, too, communication of data by way of words is largely carried out on a probabilistic basis. In talking or writing, man speculates that, by using certain words, he or she will be able to produce, in the mind of the receptor, a picture of the concept or datum he or she wishes to convey. This datum may be a transmittal from somebody else or it may be a newly originated document that resulted from an actual experience or a process of thought. The chapter evaluates stochastic searching and provides machine records and the upkeep of a dictionary. The sophistication of the document and the over-all effort has been discussed in the chapter.

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Chapter 19 Fish  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Words in bold and acronyms are defined in Chapter 32, Glossary and Acronyms. Chapter 19 Fish This chapter describes fish resources in the project area and how the project...

17

Chapter 11 - Liabilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Financial Management Handbook February 2, 2012 Financial Management Handbook February 2, 2012 Chapter 11- 1 CHAPTER 11 LIABILITIES 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements. b. Background/Authorities. This chapter prescribes the policies and general procedures for recording and reporting liabilities consistent with the Statement of Federal Financial Accounting Standards (SFFAS) or Government Accountability Office

18

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CHEVRONTEXACO WORLDWIDE...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

being the worldwide leader in the gasification process and integration of technology into combined cycle power systems. Texaco Development Corporation's gasification process is a...

19

Chapter 4Chapter 4 Challenge Theme 2.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

States--the projected results of climate change (Seager and others, 2007)--would further stress water science International Boundary and Water Commission water control structures on the United StatesChapter 4Chapter 4 #12;Challenge Theme 2. Assuring Water Availability and Quality in the 21st

Fleskes, Joe

20

Chapter 6 - Offshore Structural Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the primary considerations that the design engineer should bear in mind during the initial design and subsequent structural analysis. The designer is faced with a large number of rules, codes, standards, and specifications describing the general policy for structural systems and the detailed design of structural components, which includes government requirements, certification/classification authorities, and other technical documents. The notation “Structures” refers to all types of marine units ranging from floating ship-shaped vessels to bottom founded platforms. Emphasis has been placed on ship-shaped structures. Consideration is also given to column-supported structures, e.g., semi-submersibles, tension leg platforms, spars, and mooring buoys, etc., and also to steel bottom founded offshore structures, such as fixed steel jackets. The main output of the planning process is a “Design Basis,” describing the criteria and a “Design Brief,” describing the procedure to be followed and software to be used. This chapter discusses the finite element method, which is a powerful computational tool that has been widely used in the design of complex marine structures over the decades. This chapter gives a general overview for the design of marine structures using a finite element modeling technique. It also addresses structural modeling defined by industry codes for fixed platforms and floating production installations. Throughout this chapter, emphasis is placed on the design process where the finite element analysis will be employed.

Yong Bai

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Chapter 16 - Payroll Accounting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5-3-2012 5-3-2012 Chapter 16-1 CHAPTER 16 PAYROLL ACCOUNTING 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. This chapter outlines the principles, responsibilities, operating procedures, and other general information for preparing payrolls and maintaining pay and leave records for civilian employees of the Department of Energy (DOE). b. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements that have payroll services furnished by the Department of Defense's Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS). This chapter does not apply to DOE's contractors. c. Background. Consolidation of payroll operations was effected by the Office of

22

Chapter 17 - Transportation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8,2005 8,2005 MEMORANDUM FOR FROM: SUBJECT: Accounting Handbook - Chapter 1 7, Transportation Attached is the final version of Chapter 17, "Transportation," of the Department's Accounting Handbook. A draft version of this chapter was circulated for review and comment in a November 1,2004, memorandum "Request for Review of D r a f t DOE Accounting Handbook Chapter 17." There were no comments on this chapter. We appreciate your assistance in the update of the Accounting Handbook. When all chapters of the Accounting Handbook have been updated, we will re-issue the entire Handbook. If you have questions or would like to discuss any provisions of this chapter, please contact Dean Olson on 202-586-4860. Attachment DISTRIBUTION James H. Curtis, Vice President, Policy Management & Finance, BPA

23

Livestock Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge of historical basis patterns can be useful when estimating expected sale or purchase prices at the conclusion of a futures or options hedge, when evaluating a current cash market quote, and when forecasting cash prices. This publication...

Mintert, James R.; Davis, Ernest E.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Bevers, Stan

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

24

Career Information on the Worldwide Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Career Information on the Worldwide Web. (URLs of the links are represented as indented from the parent page above it, Names of the pages or links are on the ...

CarlCowen

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

25

Chapter 1. Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Introduction 1. Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned nor had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in the RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as "light- duty vehicles" (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of "other" vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

26

Chapter 06 - Cash  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. Cash 6-1 . Cash 6-1 CHAPTER 6 CASH 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. This chapter provides Departmental procedures and policy for handling cash and transactions in which cash is involved. It supplements the Treasury Financial Manual (TFM) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) Financial Management Service's (FMS) supplement to the TFM, "Cash Management Made Easy." Additional information is available on the FMS website at www.fms.treas.gov. b. Applicability. The applicability of this chapter is specified in Chapter 1, "Accounting Overview." The Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) are subject to all financial policies and procedures of the Department unless

27

Chapter 2 - MATLAB Tutorial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The primary goal of this chapter is to help you to become familiar with the MATLAB® software, a powerful tool. It is particularly important to familiarize yourself with the user interface and some basic functionality of MATLAB. To this end, it is worthwhile to at least work through the examples in this chapter (actually type them in and see what happens). Of course, it is even more useful to experiment with the principles discussed in this chapter instead of just sticking to the examples. The chapter is set up in such a way that it affords you time to do this.

Pascal Wallisch; Michael E. Lusignan; Marc D. Benayoun; Tanya I. Baker; Adam S. Dickey; Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Chapter 6 - Investment Appraisal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the investment appraisal, which is part of the business case. It includes the calculations for return on investment (ROI) and net present value (NPV) using the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Also discussed are payback, internal rate of return (IRR), and cost/benefit analysis. The chapter contains a discount factor table and worked examples.

Albert Lester

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Equipment and services for worldwide applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents a digest of geothermal energy technology. The worldwide distribution of geothermal resources is described, and the degree to which various countries are exploiting their resources estimated. Detailed information about US technologies is presented, from exploration through applications to cost factors. (ACR)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Chapter Nine - Gas Sweetening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter begins by reviewing the processing of natural gas to meet gas sales contract specifications. It then describes acid gas limitations for pipelines and gas plants, before detailing the most common acid gas removal processes, such as solid-bed, chemical solvent processes, physical solvent processes, direct conversion processes, distillation process, and gas permeation processes. The chapter discusses the selection of the appropriate removal process for a given situation, and it provides a detailed design procedure for a solid-bed and chemical solvent process. The chapter ends by supplying a sample design for a solid-bed and chemical solvent process.

Maurice I. Stewart Jr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Chapter 15 Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sediment delivery, and floodplain and riparian impacts can be found in Chapter 19, Fish, and Appendix K, Assessment of Relative Fish Habitat and Fish Population Impacts of I-5...

32

Chapter Eleven - Safety Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter begins by discussing basic protection concepts related to design, and it considers the development of a hazard tree for an upstream oil and gas facility. The chapter then builds upon the hazard tree to develop a safe process by incorporating findings from a hazards analysis such as a failure mode effect analysis (FMEA) or \\{HAZards\\} \\{OPerability\\} study (HAZOPs). The chapter describes the effects of hydrocarbon releases and how safety devices prevent major accidents from occurring. It further discusses the requirements of API RP 14C, which is a modified FEMA. API RP 14C requires a minimum of two independent layers of protection. This is accomplished through the use of a surface safety system and an emergency support system. The elements of a process safety management system are discussed in detail. The chapter ends by covering all aspects of relief devices and then incorporating them into a relief, vent, or flare system.

Maurice I. Stewart Jr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Chapter 2 - Simics fundamentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 2 defines the basic terminology used throughout the book and introduces the reader to the Simics architecture, design, interface, and execution model. It describes how Simics works and why it works the way it does.

Daniel Aarno; Jakob Engblom

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Chapter 4 - Audio Features  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter focuses on presenting a wide range of audio features. Apart from the theoretical background of these features and respective MATLAB code, their discrimination ability is also demonstrated for particular audio types.

Theodoros Giannakopoulos; Aggelos Pikrakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Chapter Ten - Gas Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the objectives of natural gas liquid (NGL) recovery. It then discusses the value of NGL components, providing the definitions of common gas-processing terminology. In addition, the chapter considers the most common liquid recovery processes, such as lean oil absorption, mechanical refrigeration, Joule-Thomson (J-T) Expansion, and cryogenic (turbo-expander) plants. It also provides guidance on process selection, and it ends by examining fractionation and design considerations.

Maurice I. Stewart Jr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Chapter 5 - Audio Classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the task of classifying unknown audio segments of “homogeneous content” to a set of predefined audio classes. In particular, theoretical background is provided regarding popular classification methods, including Support Vector Machines, Decision Trees and the k -Nearest-Neighbor method. The reader is also introduced to generic performance measures and validation methods for the estimation of the performance of a classifier. The chapter concludes with the presentation of performance measurements for a set of typical audio classification tasks.

Theodoros Giannakopoulos; Aggelos Pikrakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Chapter 6 - Audio Segmentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter focuses on a vital stage of audio analysis, the audio segmentation stage, which focuses on splitting an uninterrupted audio signal into segments of homogeneous content. The chapter describes two general categories of audio segmentation: those that employ supervised knowledge and those that are unsupervised or semi-supervised. In this presentation context, certain specific segmentation tasks are presented, e.g., silence removal and speaker diarization.

Theodoros Giannakopoulos; Aggelos Pikrakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Worldwide Oil Production Michaelis-Menten Kinetics Correlation and Regression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Worldwide Oil Production Michaelis-Menten Kinetics Topic 4 Correlation and Regression Transformed Variables 1 / 13 #12;Worldwide Oil Production Michaelis-Menten Kinetics Outline Worldwide Oil Production Michaelis-Menten Kinetics Lineweaver-Burke double reciprocal plot 2 / 13 #12;Worldwide Oil Production

Watkins, Joseph C.

39

Chapter 2 - Photovoltaic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter discusses solar radiation characteristics: solar constant, direct and diffuse sunlight, air mass, irradiance, insolation, peak sun hours, and the solar window. Moreover, it considers photovoltaic (PV) conversion, the photovoltaic cell, and the performance evaluation of PV cells, module, panels and arrays that include: current?voltage (I–V) characteristics, power–voltage (P–V) characteristics. The chapter also studies the effect of irradiance on a PV cell voltage and current, the equivalent circuit of a solar cell, and the connection of the PV devices (parallel and series). The chapter explores ways of optimization PV arrays: maximum power point trackers, sun trackers, batteries' use, and proper matching with loads and solar concentration. It talks about photovoltaic systems: stand-alone and interactive, PV sizing of a stand-alone PV systems, PV applications, and utility interconnection issues and requirements.

Ziyad Salameh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

TITLE48CHAPTER9  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TITLE 48 CHAPTER 9 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS TITLE 48 CHAPTER 9 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ACQUISITION REGULATION TABLE OF CONTENTS Subchapter A - General 901 - Federal Acquisition Regulations System 902 - Definitions of words and terms 903 - Improper business practices and personal conflicts of interest 904 - Administrative matters Subchapter B - Acquisition Planning 905 - Publicizing contract actions 906 - Competition requirements 908 - Required sources of supplies and services 909 - Contractor qualifications 911 - Describing Agency needs 912 - Acquisition of Commercial Items Subchapter C - Contracting Methods and Contract Types 913 - Simplified acquisition procedures 914 - Sealed bidding 915 - Contracting by negotiation 916 - Types of contracts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Chapter 13 - Testing Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This chapter focuses on testing of data. Testing of data involves checking data that the team receives to detect defects. These defects can arise at data extraction, data receipt, and at data load into the team’s Data Manipulation Environment (DME). You will learn about the five ways in which data can be tested in Guerrilla Analytics. These are (1) completeness, (2) correctness, (3) consistency, (4) coherence, and (5) accountability. This chapter will also describe some tips for successful data testing including scopes of tests, storage of test results, common test routines, and automation of testing.

Enda Ridge

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Chapter Seven - Dehydration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter begins by discussing the major reasons for removing water from natural gas. The two most common methods for removing water from the gas are adsorption (solid desiccant) and absorption (liquid desiccant such as glycol). A third method, refrigeration (cooling the gas), employs cooling to condense the water molecules to the liquid phase, with subsequent injection of an inhibiter to prevent hydrate formation. The chapter details the design of the adsorption and absorption processes. It also considers the design and selection of equipment for each process, and it ends with an example of sizing equipment for a glycol dehydration system and a solid-bed desiccant unit.

Maurice I. Stewart Jr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Descriptive basis for a model of soils biogeochemistry (Chapter 12). Book chapter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model of biogeochemical processes for use in simulating greenhouse gas production and consumption is described. The model uses kinetic equations to describe a vertically distributed soil column that is characterized physically by soil properties. Transport processes move soluble and gaseous components in the soil column, including loss of gaseous components at the soil-atmosphere interface. Biogeochemical reactions are described beginning with hydrolysis of fresh, decomposable biopolymeric material to more resistant biopolymers and to monomers. Oxidative processes remove monomers and produce by-products including greenhouse gases. These processes include aerobic decomposition in aerobic zones and denitrification and germentation in anaerobic zones. Initial testing of the model for its general behavior indicates that this approach holds promise as a component of earth system models for simulating biogeochemical cycling.

Lassiter, R.R.; Plis, Y.M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Chapter 4 - Ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The definition of ethics is addressed in detail in this chapter. Ethical violations and the proper reporting of such violations are two points that are emphasized. A code of ethics is outlined, along with several case studies that will clarify the information.

Ralph Brislin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Chapter 3 - Safety Offshore  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on specific issues to do with managing safety in offshore oil and gas facilities. The distinctions between drilling, pipelines and production are described. Offshore special issues include congestion, the number of people onboard, hurricanes/cyclones and dropped objects.

Ian Sutton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of health care research focuses on mortality or physiological indicators of morbidity to determine treatmentHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What outcome. #12;Kaplan's Model Argues that the most important indicators of health and wellness

Meagher, Mary

47

Chapter 9 - Digital Succession  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the emerging concerns of risks related to succession planning and management in the corporate environment. Topics such as succession planning, the information technology security shortage, women in security, protection of digital assets, security of assets, continuation of digital activity and content management, and digital expiration will be discussed, as will digital legacy, digital immortality, and digital resurrection.

Deborah Gonzalez

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Memory Loss Chapter 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part II Memory Loss 129 #12;#12;Chapter 6 Generalized Conditionalization Up to this point we have to help CLF model two types of certainty-loss stories: stories in- volving memory loss and stories-sensitivity, (PEP) does almost no work in modeling stories involving memory loss. So we will proceed in stages: We

Fitelson, Branden

49

Microsoft Word - Chapter 01.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 (Chapters 1 through 4) Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures .......................................................................................................................................................... xxvi List of Tables .......................................................................................................................................................... xxviii Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Conversion Charts ............................................................................................... xxxvii Chapter 1 Introduction and Purpose and Need for Agency Action

50

Chapter 05 - Accounting for Obligations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Financial Management Handbook 12-12-2012 Financial Management Handbook 12-12-2012 Chapter 5 - 1 CHAPTER 5 ACCOUNTING FOR OBLIGATIONS 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. This chapter prescribes general requirements applicable to incurring, recording, and reporting obligations. b. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration. c. Policy. In accordance with applicable statutory requirements, the Departmental policy for obligations is as follows: (1) Incur obligations only for the purpose for which the appropriation is

51

Chapter 4: Phenomenological Coherence Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

38 Chapter 4: Phenomenological Coherence Introduction The central thesis of this dissertation. In this chapter, I will highlight particular phenomenological aspects of this and other analogies. In following chapter, I will address the implications that these phenomenological properties have on cognitive

Maryland at College Park, University of

52

Chapter 21 - Financial Closeout  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

21 21 FINANCIAL CLOSEOUT 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. This chapter describes the financial policy for the closeout of contracts and other acquisition, assistance (e.g., grants and cooperative agreements), and interagency instruments. Nonfinancial closeout procedures for acquisition contracts are described in the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), parts 4 and 42. b. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements and their contractors performing work for the Department of Energy (DOE) as provided by law or contract as implemented by the appropriate contracting officer. c. Policy. DOE'S policy is to close out and retire contractual instruments in a timely manner following their completion or termination. Timing standards for closing contracts identified in FAR 4.804-1 will be followed.

53

Chapter 2. Vehicle Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Vehicle Characteristics 2. Vehicle Characteristics Chapter 2. Vehicle Characteristics U.S. households used a fleet of nearly 157 million vehicles in 1994. Despite remarkable growth in the number of minivans and sport-utility vehicles, passenger cars continued to predominate in the residential vehicle fleet. This chapter looks at changes in the composition of the residential fleet in 1994 compared with earlier years and reviews the effect of technological changes on fuel efficiency (how efficiently a vehicle engine processes motor fuel) and fuel economy (how far a vehicle travels on a given amount of fuel). Using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, it also explores the relationship between residential vehicle use and family income.

54

Chapter 4 Drilling Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Drilling operations are essentially carried out during all stages of the project life cycle (PLC) and in all types of environments. The main objectives of these operations includes: the acquisition of information and the safeguarding of production. Since the expenditure for drilling represents a large fraction of the total project's capital expenditure, an understanding of the techniques, equipment, and cost of drilling is very significant. This chapter focuses on the drilling activities. The chapter also explores the interactions between the drilling team and the other exploration and production (E&P) functions. Specifically, an initial successful exploration well can establish the presence of a working petroleum system. Following this, the data gathered in the first well is evaluated and the results are documented. The next step includes the appraisal of the accumulation requiring more wells. Finally, if the project is subsequently moved forward, development wells then needs to be engineered.

F. Jahn; M. Cook; M. Grahm

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Chapter 14 - Ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 specifies that corporations must publish a code of ethics for their senior officers, or disclose their reason for not having one. As in business, ethics are important in cyber warfare too. However, cyber operations do not have all of the same attributes that traditional warfare does. Therefore, when considering activities that might be classified as cyber warfare, it is important to realize that things that are clear in conventional warfare—determining whether an attack is taking place, who is attacking, who is being attacked, and consequences of an attack—may not be as they seem. With this in mind, this chapter covers ethics surrounding cyber warfare. Besides discussing the potential for cyber attacks to be misattributed, the chapter covers secrecy in attacks, noncombatant immunity, use of force, mistaking a technical problem for an attack, intent behind an attack, and collateral damage resulting from an attack.

Jason Andress; Steve Winterfeld

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Chapter 3 Property Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter examines the economics of property rights and property law. It shows how the economics of property rights can be used to understand fundamental features of property law and related extra-legal institutions. The chapter examines both the rationale for legal doctrine, and the effects of legal doctrine regarding the exercise, enforcement, and transfer of rights. It also examines various property rights regimes including open access, private ownership, common property, and state property. The guiding questions are: How are property rights established? What explains the variation in the types of property rights? What governs the use and transfer of rights? And, how are property rights enforced? In answering these questions we argue that property rights and property law can be best understood as a system of societal rules designed to maximize social wealth. They do this by creating incentives for people to maintain and invest in assets, which leads to specialization and trade.

Dean Lueck; Thomas J. Miceli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Chapter 18 - Tanks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes the tank's vapor formation rate. When sizing the vapor piping for a manifold expansion roof tank system, the rate of vapor formation must be known. While the rate of vapor formation can be computed by longhand methods, the calculation is tedious and takes much valuable time. The chapter also explains the hand-held calculator program that simplifies dike computations. Earthen dikes are widely used all over the world to contain flammable volumes of above-ground storage. They perform two vital functions: to prevent loss of fluid into the environment and to reduce the likelihood of fire spreading from one tank to another. Sizing dikes by conventional methods is a time-consuming, trial-and-error process. A complete assessment of the problem involves: applicable codes and regulations; land area available; topography of the area; soil characteristics; and the stipulated volume contained by dike and other dimensions of the dike section.

E.W. McAllister

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Chapter 4 - Enzymes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 4 introduces enzymes, which collectively represent a highly influential special class of receptors, and which comprise several major classes of protein drug targets. Mechanisms that account for the catalytic action of enzymes are extensively covered, together with the detailed mechanisms of action of key coenzymes, including pyridoxal 5?-phosphate, tetrahydrofolate, pyridine nucleotides, flavin, heme, and ATP. Enzymes used in drug synthesis and those that can serve as therapeutic agents, rather than as drug targets, also are discussed.

Richard B. Silverman; Mark W. Holladay

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Chapter 7 - Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter briefly introduces the topic of fusing light nuclei such as deuterium (D) and tritium (T) together to release binding energy. Characteristics of a plasma in which thermonuclear fusion is carried out are described. Fusion reaction cross sections are graphed for the most promising reactions including D-D and D-T. The ignition temperature for fusion is shown as the cross over point between energy produced by fusion and radiation losses due to mechanisms such as bremsstrahlung.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Chapter 1 - Risk Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes the principles of risk management as they apply to the offshore oil and gas industry, the impact the Deepwater Horizon/Macondo event had on the industry and how safety management systems have evolved in response. The fundamentals of safety management are described including: acceptable risk, process safety and culture, the use of risk matrices, the economics of offshore safety, means of measuring progress, and leading and lagging indicators. The distinction between prescriptive and nonprescriptive systems is discussed.

Ian Sutton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Improving the health care system and formulating health #12;The Mind-Body Relationship: A Brief History basis for diagnosis #12;Rene Descartes: Interactionism #12;Models of Health Care: Biomedical Model FocusChapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine Psyc 360 Dr. Meagher

Meagher, Mary

62

Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training (WEACT) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training (WEACT) Name Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training (WEACT) Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory, The International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.nrel.gov/ce/ipeec/w Country Mexico, India UN Region Northern America References Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training (WEACT)[1] Abstract Included are training materials for the Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building & Training (WEACT) Workshop in Mexico City, 28-30 September 2010.

63

Chapter 3: Building Siting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Building Siting : Building Siting Site Issues at LANL Site Inventory and Analysis Site Design Transportation and Parking LANL | Chapter 3 Site Issues at LANL Definitions and related documents Building Siting Laboratory site-wide issues include transportation and travel distances for building occupants, impacts on wildlife corridors and hydrology, and energy supply and distribution limitations. Decisions made during site selec- tion and planning impact the surrounding natural habitat, architectural design integration, building energy con- sumption, occupant comfort, and occupant productivity. Significant opportunities for creating greener facilities arise during the site selection and site planning stages of design. Because LANL development zones are pre- determined, identify the various factors affecting devel-

64

Chapter 7 - Glossary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7-1 7-1 CHAPTER 7 GLOSSARY actinide The 15 chemical elements with atomic numbers 89 to 103, inclusively. The group consists of actinium, thorium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, curium, berkelium, californium, einsteinium, fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium. Actinide Source-Term Waste Test Program (STTP) Program designed to measure time-dependent concentrations of actinide elements from actual, contact-handled transuranic waste immersed in brines that are chemically similar to those found in the underground formations at WIPP. The program evaluated the effects of transuranic waste matrices and brine chemistry on the concentrations and behavior of actinides under WIPP bounding conditions. aqueous Related to water.

65

Chapter 28 - Class Branchiopoda  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The branchiopods found in inland aquatic habitats are a heterogeneous group of crustaceans. There are more than 2,000 described species, and new taxa are still being discovered. Included in this group are fairy shrimps (Anostraca), tadpole shrimps (Notostraca), smooth clam shrimps (Laevicaudata), spiny clam shrimps (Spinicaudata), tropical clam shrimps (Cyclestherida), (the so called “large branchiopods”) and the various species of “water-fleas” (Cladocera). In this chapter, we review the similarities and differences among the groups in their morphology, physiology, reproduction, behavior and ecology. We also provide methods for field collections, sample preparation and culturing.

Carla E. Cáceres; D. Christopher Rogers

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Chapter 9 - Hydraulic Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter covers the following topics: Features of hydraulic turbines; Early history and development; Efficiency of various types of turbine; Size of the various turbine types; The Pelton wheel turbine and controlling its speed; Energy losses; Reaction turbines; The Francis and the Kaplan turbines; Calculation of performance; Effect of size on the performance of hydraulic turbines; Cavitation and its avoidance; Calculation of the various specific speeds of turbines; The Wells turbine- Design and performance variables; Tidal power turbines- The SeaGen tidal turbine and its operational principles.

S.L. Dixon; C.A. Hall

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Chapter 15 - Textile Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Textiles are nearly 100% recyclable, yet for a variety of reasons many textiles end up in the landfill. In recent years, special attention to value-added products made from recycled textile materials is on the rise as consumers, policy makers, engineers and industry experts focus on environmental stewardship, strategic partnerships and holistic approaches that contribute significantly to the recycling process. This chapter describes the recycling process and the various categories that are considered as recycling companies manage the plethora of textiles that enter the recycling stream. By recycling textiles, the punitive costs of landfill are avoided. In addition, the recycling process contributes significantly to employment, charitable contributions and positive environmental impact.

Jana M. Hawley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Chapter 5 - Gasification Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary There is a broad range of reactor types that are used in the practical realization of the gasification process. For most purposes, these reactor types can be grouped into one of three categories: moving-bed gasifiers, fluid-bed gasifiers, and entrained-flow gasifiers. Moving-bed processes are the oldest processes, and two processes in particular, the producer gas process and the water gas process, have played an important role in the production of synthesis gas from coal and coke. In moving bed processes, there are the sasol-lurgi dry bottom process, British Gas/Lurgi (BGL) slagging gasifier, that are detailed in the chapter along with their applications. Following this, fluid-bed processes are discussed in which the blast has two functions: that of blast as a reactant and that of the fluidizing medium for the bed. The best known fluid-bed gasifiers that have no tar problem are regenerators of catalytic cracking units that often operate under reducing, that is, gasification conditions that can be found in many refineries. HRL process, BHEL gasifier, circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) processes, the KBR transport gasifier, agglomerating fluid-bed processes, the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) gasifier, the GEE gasification process, the Shell Gasification Process (SGP), Lurgi’ s Multi-Purpose Gasification process (MPG), etc. are the various processes discussed in the chapter.

Christopher Higman; Maarten van der Burgt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Chapter 9 - Brake Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes and explains the role and methods of experimental testing in the design and verification of brakes and their components. It starts by discussing the increasing capability of computer-based predictive techniques, which can simulate many aspects of brake operation and save time and cost compared with previous methods of experimental evaluation. Preparation, procedures, instrumentation, data acquisition and results analysis, interpretation and reporting for experimental testing ranging from whole vehicle braking performance on a test track to component performance and material thermophysical properties in the laboratory, are explained and discussed. By the end of the chapter the design and operation of test rigs including inertia dynamometers for full-size brakes, scale rigs for small-sample friction and wear measurement, machines for cyclic loading and material property measurement, etc. are described. The importance of careful preparation of the friction pair (‘bedding-in’ and ‘burnishing’) for brake performance testing and the evaluation of variability by repeat testing is emphasised.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Chapter 33 - Brain Embolism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents a discussion on the clinical findings of the brain embolism and cerebrovascular disorders. Brain embolism occurs when material, usually a thrombus, formed or introduced in one part of the vascular system travels to an artery that supplies brain tissue. There are three main components—the recipient artery that receives the material, the embolic material itself, and the donor source where the material originated. Donor sources include the heart, the aorta, and the neck arteries and their intracranial arterial branches proximal to the recipient artery. The most common cardiac sources are atrial fibrillation and other atrial arrythmias, myocardial ischemic pathology, and valvular heart diseases. However, less common cardiac pathologies such as myocardiopathies, cardiac tumors, and septal defects within the heart can also lead to brain embolism. The most common disease of arteries that leads to embolism is atherosclerosis. Materials from plaques and thrombi form within arteries in the neck and proximal intracranial arteries and embolize distally. Occasionally tumor particles, fat, and air and foreign particles introduced into veins or arteries embolize to the brain. The discussion on diagnosis includes recipient artery-related finding and donor sources. The chapter discusses treatment of the acute event of brain embolism and states that the goals of treatment of the acute ischemic event are minimization of brain ischemic injury and reperfusion whenever possible.

Louis R. Caplan; Werner Hacke

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

DOE Roadmap: Chapter 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chapter 1. Overview of the DOE Project Chapter 1. Overview of the DOE Project Introduction On April 10, 1945, medical staff of the U.S. Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, injected plutonium into the victim of a car accident. American scientists had only recently begun producing plutonium, and thousands of workers were laboring to produce the quantities required for the first atomic bombs. While aware that plutonium was hazardous, project officials were uncertain how much exposure would cause harm. Desire for information about human metabolism and retention of plutonium led to this first injection in Oak Ridge. Over the next 2 years, 17 other people also received plutonium injections. The Manhattan Project and its postwar successor, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), also carried out human experiments with uranium, polonium, americium, and other radioactive substances. Radiation tests continued after the war; some of these studies took place under AEC supervision and had direct defense-related applications. The agency also sponsored substantial programs in the medical applications of radiation and in basic biomedical research. In addition, independent physicians and researchers at universities and hospitals conducted many postwar human radiation studies to develop the techniques of present-day nuclear medicine.

72

Chapter 6 - Eastern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the library and information systems of four Eastern European countries. In a survey described in the chapter, four libraries in Eastern Europe returned the questionnaires on the role of national libraries in national and international information systems: (1) Bulgaria, (2) the Czech Socialist Republic, (3) Hungary, and (4) Poland. The USSR was regularly present at the meetings of the Conference and made contributions to the discussions but did not return replies to the questionnaires. As in the case of the British Library, answers were given to the questions from personal experience. A study of the Soviet Library system appeared in 1972 under the title Libraries, Documentation and Bibliography in the USSR, which, despite its inadequacies, is the only survey in English of the Russian library and information system as a whole. The influence of the Lenin Library as a library planning center is very strong throughout Eastern Europe, while the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance has strongly influenced the structure and services in the field of scientific and technical information.

GEORGE CHANDLER

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Microsoft Word - Chapter 01.doc  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and is designed to treat radioactive waste from the Hanford Site's underground storage tanks. Chapter 1 Introduction and Purpose and Need for Agency Action 1-15 Aerospace...

74

Chapter 8: Constructing the Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Chapter 8 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide contains information for construction of the building so it will perform as intended and protect the environment.

75

1Chapter 1: Introduction 1Chapter 1: Introduction embedding sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

move business forward on the path toward sustainability. By working together we will build resilient1Chapter 1: Introduction 1Chapter 1: Introduction embedding sustainability in organizational see sustainability as important to their company's future success.1 1 according to the 2010 UN Global

Keinan, Alon

76

Jon C. Arnold Managing Director, Worldwide Power and Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Jon C. Arnold Managing Director, Worldwide Power and Utilities Microsoft Corporation Jon Arnold is the Managing Director, Worldwide Power and Utilities for Microsoft. As Microsoft's senior executive for Power and Utilities his primary responsibility is to establish and drive Microsoft's industry strategy, which extends

77

Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase November 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Worldwide efforts to fund and establish carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects have accelerated, according to a new Department of Energy (DOE) online database, indicating ongoing positive momentum toward achieving the G-8 goal for launching 20 CCS demonstrations by 2010. The database, a project of the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), reveals 192 proposed and active CCS projects worldwide. The projects are located in 20 countries across five continents. The 192 projects globally include 38 capture, 46 storage, and 108 for capture and storage. While most of the projects are still in the

78

Redesigned CCS Website Offers Wealth of Information on Worldwide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Redesigned CCS Website Offers Wealth of Information on Worldwide Redesigned CCS Website Offers Wealth of Information on Worldwide Technology, Projects Redesigned CCS Website Offers Wealth of Information on Worldwide Technology, Projects June 28, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A wealth of information about worldwide carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies and projects is available on the newly launched, updated and redesigned National Carbon Sequestration Database and Geographic Information System (NATCARB) website. NATCARB is an interactive virtual encyclopedia of key CCS information, including locations and information on field projects, a map of all publically announced worldwide CCS projects and their status; and the complete latest edition of NETL's assessment of carbon storage resource potential in the United States and portions of Canada.

79

Chapter 6: Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Materials : Materials Material Selection Sustainable Building Materials System Integration Issues | Chapter 6 Material Selection Materials The use of durable, attractive, and environmentally responsible building materials is a key element of any high-performance building effort. The use of natural and healthy materials contributes to the well-being of the occupants and to a feeling of connection with the bounty of the natural world. Many construction materials have significant environ- mental impacts from pollutant releases, habitat destruc- tion, and depletion of natural resources. This can occur during extraction and acquisition of raw materials, pro- "Then I say the Earth belongs to duction and manufacturing processes, and transporta- tion. In addition, some construction materials can harm

80

DOE Roadmap: Chapter 2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2. Narratives and Records Series Descriptions 2. Narratives and Records Series Descriptions Introduction This chapter contains two kinds of information. The first consists of brief narrative histories that discuss the involvement of the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies with human radiation experiments. These histories cover agency headquarters elements and the various field sites that had significant involvement in experiment activities. The second category of information is series descriptions for groups of original records that are pertinent to either individual experiments or to the organizational context in which they took place. Since many of these records still reside at DOE sites, series descriptions are appended to the narrative for each facility. Where records are not in the custody of DOE, they are listed under their custodial organization (such as the National Archives).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Chapter 17 - Sustainability Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainability analysis plays a key strategic role in industry, and most chemical companies consider nowadays that sustainability is a strategic business success factor, realizing that what is good for the environment and society can be also good for the financial performance of the company. This chapter provides an overview of the available methods that can translate sustainability requirements into working targets. The most used interpretation of sustainable development is the three pillars dividing sustainability into economic growth, ecological balance, and social progress. Although there is no universal approach, there are several methods that can be used in the move towards a more sustainable development and design of chemical products and processes. In this context, several valuable tools are presented: the life cycle assessment, eco-costs value ratio, eco-efficiency analysis, socio-eco-efficiency analysis, and the \\{AIChE\\} sustainability index. The last section presents a procedure for incorporating sustainability metrics in a process design project.

Alexandre C. Dimian; Costin S. Bildea; Anton A. Kiss

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

CHAPTER XV - TIME SERIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of time series. A time series is a set of observations of a variable made at different points of time and arranged in chronological order, each observation representing the value of the variable either at a given moment or during the interval of time between this observation and the preceding one. In general, the observations forming a time-series as made at equidistant intervals of time are considered. The factors affecting time-series may be recurring or nonrecurring, or evolutionary, periodic, or random. The method of moving averages consists in determining the average value for a certain number of terms of a time series and taking this average as the trend normal value for the middle of the period covered in the calculation of the average, that is, the period extent of the moving average.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Chapter Three - Rotary Seals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses the range of rotary seals available that can be applied across a range of industries. The basic operation, key design features and the many potential variants of rotary-shaft lip seals are discussed, plus plastic seals that can be used to extend the performance envelope. Variants that may be used for exclusion of contaminant and alternative designs of elastomer and plastic seals, some of which can be used at high pressures in specialized applications, are covered. The basic design and operation of mechanical seals are discussed. The differences in seal designs covering the range from domestic goods and automotive through process plant to turbo machinery are covered. The key features of compression packing and modern material options are presented. A wide range of other seal types are also used in rotating machinery, particularly in high-speed turbo machinery. Current developments for a number of seal types, labyrinth, honeycomb, leaf seals, brush seals and viscoseals, are summarized.

Robert Flitney

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Chapter 3 - Offshore Platforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern offshore crude oil and natural gas exploration—the search for likely environments where crude oil and natural gas may exist in the rock formations that are beneath the surface of the waterways of the world. In addition, offshore operations include transporting crude oil and natural gas from their point of production offshore to refineries and plants on land. Very little refining of the crude oil and natural gas is carried out on the production platform. This chapter focuses on exploration, drilling, and production of crude oil and natural gas and the wide range of technologies involved as well as the additional technologies that relate to a marine environment necessary for offshore activities.

James G. Speight

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Chapter 33 - Grand Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter looks to the future of air quality and how the lessons learned in recent decades can be applied to new problems. The challenges include finding ways to prevent emerging economies from repeating the air pollution mistakes and harm that developed nations have experienced in arriving at solutions to air pollution problems. Other challenges include: global problems, such as long-range transport of pollutants, climate change; real-world-exposures (including indoor air pollution); improvements in technologies to remove difficult-to-treat pollutants; and addressing the growing number of mobile sources. This will require more systems thinking and sustainable, transdisciplinary solutions. The legacy of the current cadre of air pollution experts must be one of translational science and the enhancement of early air pollution education for the next generation.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Chapter 9 - Pipeline Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oilfield pipelines are insulated mainly to conserve heat. The need to keep the product in the pipeline at a temperature higher than the ambient could exist for the following reasons: preventing the formation of gas hydrates, preventing the formation of wax or asphaltenes, enhancing the product flow properties, increasing the cooldown time after shutting down, and meeting other operational/process equipment requirements. On the other hand, in liquefied gas pipelines, such as LNG, insulation is required to maintain the cold temperature of the gas to keep it in a liquid state. This chapter describes the commonly used insulation materials, insulation finish on pipes, and general requirements for insulation of offshore and deepwater pipelines.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Chapter 14 - Glass Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Glass has established itself as an essential material in our lives. The composition of glass depends on what it is used for, but the majority of glass in circulation is of the soda-lime–silicate type. It is a material that is eminently recyclable, in the sense that it merely needs to be remelted and reformed to produce another glass article. However, glass must be color-sorted and processed to remove contaminants to ensure it is compatible with the product being manufactured. The key benefit of recycling via remelting is the reduced energy demand. However, because differences in color composition can arise between recovered glass and manufacturing output, alternative outlets are also often necessary. This chapter examines both the recycling of glass back into glass manufacture and these alternatives.

Thomas D. Dyer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Chapter 7 - Copper Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter gives a brief overview of copper recycling from a metallurgist's view. As it is deemed impossible to give an in-depth presentation of such a broad and complex subject, a selection of references is given for further reading. Secondary sources of copper include a large variety of raw materials, ranging from slags, sludge and low-grade copper scrap, containing only a few percent Cu up to very high-grade copper as well as pure copper close to 100% Cu. Thus there are several options for recycling processes, within both primary and secondary plants. Although there are good recycling rates for copper, some challenges can be foreseen such as a scarcity of pure and high-grade scrap and an increased amount of products containing a mixture of materials and with low copper concentrations.

Caisa Samuelsson; Bo Björkman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Chapter 15 - Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with the multiphase flow meter. The major parts of the TopFlow meter are the Venturi insert and the electrodes inside the Venturi throat. The flow rates of oil, water, and gas are calculated based on the measurements performed by the electrodes and the measurement of the differential pressure across the Venturi inlet. The TopFlow meter utilizes a capacitance sensor for oil-continuous liquid mixtures, where the capacitance caused by the dielectric constant of the fluid mixture is measured in the throat of the Venturi. Similarly, it utilizes a four-electrode conductance sensor for water-continuous liquid mixtures, where the conductance is caused by the conductivity of the fluid mixture. All the necessary electrodes are incorporated within a Venturi that is somewhat modified. Advanced data processing is utilized to have continuous readings of the flow rates of oil, water, and gas.

E.W. McAllister

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

chapter 5. Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Detailed Tables 5. Detailed Tables Chapter 5. Detailed Tables The following tables present detailed characteristics of vehicles in the residential sector. Data are from the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. Table Organization The "Detailed Tables" section consists of three types of tables: (1) Tables of totals such as number of vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) or gallons consumed; (2) tables of per household statistics such as VMT per household; and (3) tables of per-vehicle statistics, such as vehicle fuel consumption per vehicle. The tables have been grouped together by specific topics such as model-year data or family-income data to facilitate finding related information. The Quick-Reference Guide to the detailed tables indicates major topics of each table.

91

Chapter 11 - Sulfur Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sulfur is present in many raw industrial gases and in natural gas in the form of hydrogen sulfide. Sulfur removal facilities are located at the majority of oil and gas processing facilities throughout the world. The sulfur recovery unit does not make a profit for the operator but it is an essential processing step to allow the overall facility to operate, as the discharge of sulfur compounds to the atmosphere is severely restricted by environmental regulations. Concentration levels of H2S vary significantly depending upon their source. H2S produced from absorption processes, such as amine treating of natural gas or refinery gas, can contain 50–75% H2S by volume or higher. This chapter provides information about fundamentals of sulfur removal facilities in the natural gas industry.

Alireza Bahadori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Chapter 32: Beyond the earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 32: Beyond the earth Did you read chapter 32 before coming to class? A. Yes B the planets. We began our study of the history of the solar system by studying the history of the earth decreased. How about the rest of the solar system? Some stats on the Sun Time for light to reach Earth · 8

Hart, Gus

93

Chapter 8 - Currency and Campaigns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter looks at the risks associated with financial activity in the digital and online space by corporations including digital payment systems, digital and cryptocurrency (Bitcoin and others), crowdfunding, online microfinancing, online investments, etc. The second part of this chapter focuses on one specific purpose of corporate spending through advocacy and digital campaigns (e.g., lobbying, charitable fundraising).

Deborah Gonzalez

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

AASC: Absolute Abundance Sum-to-one Constraint, Chapters 10 AIC: An Information Criterion, Chapter 17  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 CBD: City Block Distance, Chapter 2 CCA: Convex Cone Analysis, Chapter 18 CEM: Constrained Energy (Converter), Chapters 15-16 GCEM: Generalized Constrained Energy Minimization, Section 18.7.1 GML: Gaussian Collection Experiment, Chapter 1 IAD: IntrA-Distance, Chapter 12 ICA: Independent Component Analysis, Chapter

Chang, Chein-I

95

Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications 9.4 - Contractor Responsibility Determinations 9.1ConflictofInterest0.pdf 9.2PerformanceGuarante...

96

Chapter 19 - Nuclear Waste Fund  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Waste Fund 19-1 Nuclear Waste Fund 19-1 CHAPTER 19 NUCLEAR WASTE FUND 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. This chapter establishes the financial, accounting, and budget policies and procedures for civilian and defense nuclear waste activities, as authorized in Public Law 97-425, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, as amended, referred to hereafter as the Act. b. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration, and activities that are funded by the Nuclear Waste Fund (NWF) or the Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal appropriation. c. Background. The Act established the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and assigned it responsibility for the management

97

Chapter 17 - Nuclear Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Nuclear fusion, the joining of light nuclei of hydrogen into heavier nuclei of helium, has potential environmental, safety and proliferation characteristics as an energy source, as well as adequate fuel to power civilization for times long compared to human history. It is, however, more challenging to convert to an energy source than nuclear fission. This chapter introduces the physics, advantages, difficulties, progress, economics and prospects for fusion energy power plants. Nuclear fusion is the process, in which light nuclei can release large amounts of energy if they combine, or fuse, into heavier nuclei. The principal nuclear reactions which have been considered for reactor concepts involve reactions of isotopes of the two lightest elements: hydrogen and helium. The fuel costs for fusion reactors will be negligible in comparison with the value of the electricity produced. It is difficult to precisely assess the cost of fusion-generated electricity until there is experience with an operating power plant, since the cost will be dependent upon the reliability and the frequency and expense of maintenance, both of which are likely to improve with the hindsight of experience. A fusion reactor does not directly emit CO2 or other greenhouse gases, or any combustion products that contribute to acid rain, and the indirect emissions due to factors like fuel gathering and transport, plant construction and maintenance, and activated parts storage would be small. Thus, fusion power would not have appreciable adverse effects upon global warming, atmospheric quality or acidification of the oceans, lakes and streams.

Larry R. Grisham

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Chapter 2 - Energy Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In today’s industrialized world, energy became vital to all human activities including manufacturing, data processing, heating, cooling, lighting, transportation, food processing, etc., yet it is invisible for most of us. Today’s energy generation technologies are undergoing a paradigm shift; the solution to our current dilemma requires more renewable contribution as well as the more efficient utilization of conventional energy sources. Recognizing this importance, this chapter focuses on energy sources and energy generation technologies including, coal, hydroelectric, nuclear, solar, wind, ocean, and several others. Alternative energy technologies received great interest in recent years due to environmental impact, greenhouse gas emissions, national energy security, and increasing cost of fossil fuel-based sources. With particular emphasis on renewable and alternative energy systems, characteristic features of the renewable energy sources have been reviewed. Since power electronics is a key enabling technology for renewable energy utilization, power electronic converters and interfaces that are used for grid interconnection and stand-alone operation have been presented.

Omer C. Onar; Alireza Khaligh

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Chapter 1 - LNG Fundamentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Natural gas has remained the fastest growing energy resource in most regions of the world for more than two decades, driven by the low greenhouse gas emissions as well as high conversion efficiency in power generation. For almost a century, natural gas has been transported safely, reliably, and economically via pipeline. However, for the past decades it has become clear that significant quantities of new gas reserves are not so conveniently located. Attention has shifted to more isolated large gas reservoirs that were previously thought to be too remote, or technically too difficult and costly to develop. A number of solutions for exploiting stranded gas reserves are currently being developed and considered for commercialization. On the other hand, over the past three decades, only the liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry has successfully brought many large remote gas fields to the gas markets that are unreachable by pipeline (e.g., Japan, South Korea). This chapter briefly summarizes the components of the LNG supply chain—the steps and industrial processes used in producing, storing, and delivering LNG to commercial and residential customers.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Chapter 4 Scouring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents a purifying treatment of textiles to reduce the amount of natural impurities sufficiently to enable level and reproducible dyeings and finishing to be produced. Specialty chemicals have very high value in the chemical processing of textiles and the applications of chemical auxiliaries are included in the relevant processes. Scouring is a purifying treatment of textiles. The objective of scouring is to reduce the amount of impurities sufficiently to obtain level and reproducible results in dyeing and finishing operations. Scouring agents can be generally classified into different groups. The appropriate type of scouring agent generally depends on the kind of fiber; fabric type—that is, woven or knitted, thick or thin; texturised or non-texturised and the extent of impurities present in the fibre. The selection of alkali is most important as free alkali can have a deleterious effect on certain fibers—for example, wool and silk are dissolved by alkali, whereas acetate and triacetate are converted back to their original cellulose form and cotton fiber absorbs alkali. Alkali neutralizes the carboxyl group in cellulose and in pectin. The hydroxyl groups on the glucose units in cellulose are also weakly acidic.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

Chapter 10 - Dissecting Hacks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary It is essential that every Solaris administrator understand the risks posed to a Solaris system by errors in configuration as well as programming. Understanding Solaris' weaknesses as well as its strengths makes a Solaris system defending against easier hacking attempts. The chapter covers some of the more common hacks and exploits used against Solaris systems. These exploits include denial of service (DOS) attacks, either to bring the system down or simply make it unavailable for legitimate users, and buffer overflows to gain remote access or elevated privileges—usually root. Other attacks can include IP spoofing, MAC address spoofing, rootkits, connection hijacking, and logic bombs. With system and network administrators struggling to keep up with user requests and other demands, security is usually the first item to be dropped. Attackers rely on this fact. By understanding how exploits work under Solaris and how exploits affect the Solaris operating environment, the Solaris system administrator is better prepared to eliminate or mitigate the effects of these threats.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Chapter 3 - Substation Layouts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Substations are the points in the power network, where transmission lines and distribution feeders are connected together through circuit breakers or switches via busbars and transformers. This allows for the control of power flows in the network and general switching operations for maintenance purposes. This chapter describes the principal substation layouts, the effects of advancements in substation equipment, the modular design, the compact substations, and the moves toward design and construction “turnkey” contract work. The descriptions concentrate on air insulated switchgear (AIS) outdoor open terminal designs at rated voltages of 72 kV and higher. In an ideal situation all circuits and substation equipment would be duplicated such that following a fault or during maintenance a connection remains available. This would involve very high cost. Methods have therefore been adopted to achieve a compromise between complete security of supply and capital investment. A measure of circuit duplication is adopted while recognizing that duplication may itself reduce the security of supply by, for example, providing additional leakage paths to earth.

C.R. Bayliss; B.J. Hardy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Chapter 12 - Swimming Pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses water conservation opportunities for swimming pools. Swimming pool water is an expensive commodity given the fact that a large body of water needs to be continually pumped, treated, filtered and backwashed and then heated to temperatures. Councils, leisure and fitness centers, hotels and most motels all have swimming pools. In indoor pools the air needs to be ventilated. For this reason swimming pools consume two to three as much energy as an air-conditioned office building per square area. The typical average energy use in sports centers with pools and dry sports centers are shown. It becomes evident the energy consumption of swimming pools is two to three times per square meter. Twenty-five per cent of the energy is used to heat pools to maintain these temperatures and another 53% of energy is used for space heating in indoor pools. The typical breakdown of water usage in large public swimming pools which show, retrofitting showerheads and minimizing leakage will have a significant effect on reducing water use. Data indicates that 33% of the water usage can be reduced by instituting good management practices. Water conservation opportunities for swimming pools consist of: reducing leakage, installing water-efficient taps, showerheads and toilets, reducing backwash frequency and time and reducing pool evaporation.

Mohan Seneviratne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Chapter 6 - Impersonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the use of impersonation to conduct the email attacks. Impersonation means pretending to be someone that is known to the victim in one degree or another. The use of impersonation in a professional penetration test may appear to be a simple thing—assume a disguise and play a role. For most pentest projects, this may be true. However, if one needs to avoid detection at all costs, impersonation becomes a much more complicated endeavor. To conduct an attack using pretexting, one need to make sure that the disguise is perfect and that the knowledge, language, understanding of geography, and understanding of human psychology is exceptional for the task at hand. If one doesn't want to go through the effort to create a physical disguise, one can choose to perform e-mail attacks using our spear phishing skills to gain information necessary to access the corporate systems of the target organization. The problem with the use of a phishing attack is that one cannot always be assured that they will have access to a server within the target corporation's network in which to conduct the attack.

Thomas Wilhelm; Jason Andress

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Chapter 9 - Hydraulic Pumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of hydraulic-powered downhole pumps, which are powered by a stream of high pressure power fluid supplied by a power fluid (PF) pump at the surface and sent to a downhole pump or pump engine. Hydraulic pumps are basically of two types—piston downhole pumps that are similar to beam down-hole pumps, and jet downhole pumps that reduce the pressure on the formation by high-speed power fluid flow through the throat of a venturi or jet pump nozzle-diffuser combination. Hydraulic pumps can be used to remove liquids from gas wells. A skid-mounted hydraulic pump can be used to kick off a gas well and then be moved to another well for testing, production, or longer term de-watering. Hydraulic pumping is generally not depth limited, and deviated or crooked wells do not present problems. Hydraulic reciprocating pumps can produce a low bottomhole pressure. A jet pump may require a fluid height over the pump of 20% of submergence. A jet pump is more trouble-free than a reciprocating hydraulic pump and can tolerate some solids in the production. Fairly high rates of more than several hundred bbls/day are possible. In general, hydraulic systems are not rate limited when removing liquids from gas wells.

James Lea; Henry Nickens; Michael Wells

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Chapter 9 - Hydraulic pumping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The hydraulic pumping system takes liquid (water or oil) from a liquid reservoir on the surface, puts it through a reciprocating multiplex piston pump or horizontal electrical submersible pump to increase the pressure, and then injects the pressurized liquid (power fluid) down-hole through a tubing string. At the bottom of the injection tubing string, the power fluid is directed into the nozzle of a jet pump or to the hydraulic engine of a piston pump, both of which have been set well below the producing fluid level. The surface injection pressures normally range from approximately 2000 psi up to 4000 psi, with some going up to but rarely above 4500 psi. An electric motor, diesel engine, or gas engine is used to drive the multiplex pump. The fundamental operating principle of subsurface hydraulic pumps is Pascal's Law, postulated by Blaise Pascal in 1653. This principle makes it possible to transmit pressure from the surface by means of a liquid-filled tubing string to any given point below the surface. The chapter further highlights applications to dewatering wells-gas and coal bed methane, limitations of other forms of lift, advantages of hydraulic pumping, disadvantages of hydraulic pumping, and different types of operating systems.

James F. Lea; Henry V. Nickens; Mike R. Wells

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Chapter 6 - Compression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Compression is crucial to all gas well production as it is the primary means to transport gas to market. Compression is also vital to deliquification, lowering wellhead pressure, and increasing gas velocity. The lower bottom hole producing pressure from deliquifying wells and lowering surface pressures with compression can result in substantial production and reserves increases. Compressing associated gas in oil wells is often seen as a simple “rate acceleration” project that seldom has good economics. Compression and reduced surface pressure is usually the first tool used in the life of a gas well to keep it deliquified and sometimes the only artificial lift method used, but compression can also be used to increase the effectiveness of other artificial lift deliquification methods including foamers, gas lift, beam pumping, ESPs, and velocity strings. There are many different types of compressors, each of which has its own operating ranges, efficiencies, strengths, and weaknesses. A majority of the applications for gas well deliquification involve the use of reciprocating or screw compressors. In addition, the study discusses compression horsepower and critical velocity; compression horsepower is related to the ratio of the discharge and suction pressures in psia commonly known as the compression ratio. Along with this, the effect of permeability on compression, pressure drop in compression suction, downstream gathering, and compression's effect on uplift from deliquifying individual gas wells are briefly discussed in this chapter.

James F. Lea; Henry V. Nickens; Mike R. Wells

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Chapter 20: Graphite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphite is truly a unique material. Its structure, from the nano- to the millimeter scale give it remarkable properties that lead to numerous and diverse applications. Graphite bond anisotropy, with strong in-plane covalent bonds and weak van der Waals type bonding between the planes, gives graphite its unique combination of properties. Easy shear of the crystal, facilitated by weak interplaner bonds allows graphite to be used as a dry lubricant, and is responsible for the substances name! The word graphite is derived from the Greek to write because of graphites ability to mark writing surfaces. Moreover, synthetic graphite contains within its structure, porosity spanning many orders of magnitude in size. The thermal closure of these pores profoundly affects the properties for example, graphite strength increases with temperature to temperatures in excess of 2200 C. Consequently, graphite is utilized in many high temperature applications. The basic physical properties of graphite are reviewed here. Graphite applications include metallurgical; (aluminum and steel production), single crystal silicon production, and metal casting; electrical (motor brushes and commutators); mechanical (seals, bearings and bushings); and nuclear applications, (see Chapter 91, Nuclear Graphite). Here we discuss the structure, manufacture, properties, and applications of Graphite.

Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Chapter 6 - Ecosystem Services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Forested ecosystems have always provided a large suite of services that benefit human civilizations, animals, plants, and other organisms living within the Earth’s biosphere. As suggested in earlier chapters, forested ecosystems generate numerous provisioning, regulating, supporting, and cultural services. These services provide the basic building blocks of life on Earth and for human civilizations. Unfortunately, at times humans neither understand nor appreciate the regulating or supporting functions provided by ecosystems. Maintaining the health and well-being of our forested ecosystems can improve human health concerns and protect our homes from unexpected events such as floods and wildfires. Many also argue that healthy ecosystems are the foundation upon which we can build a secure future for our children and grandchildren. Managers of forests and natural resources will undoubtedly face trade-offs among ecosystem services when considering their actions. Even deciding to do nothing at all will involve the analysis of trade-offs, since some of the services provided by ecosystems include the food, shelter, and materials we may use in our normal, daily lives.

Donald L. Grebner; Pete Bettinger; Jacek P. Siry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Friction (Chapter 5, section 8) & Circular Motion (Chapter 6,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Week 5 Friction (Chapter 5, section 8) & Circular Motion (Chapter 6, sections 1-2) Lecture Quiz 1 travels in time t is: A. x B. 1.5x C. 3x D. 4.5x E. 9x Forces of Friction When an object to the interactions between the object and its environment This resistance is called the force of friction Forces

111

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

112

1 Worldwide Computing Middleware 1 1.1 Middleware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contents 1 Worldwide Computing Middleware 1 1.1 Middleware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1.1 Asynchronous Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1.2 Higher-level Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1.3 Virtual Machines

Varela, Carlos

113

Chapter 1 Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter introduces refining. Catalytic processes form the majority of unit operations in the oil industry. Catalysis, therefore, becomes a significant factor in the economic viability and, nowadays, a strong factor in the environmental viability of the industry. Catalyst development and understanding is essential to the majority of refining and petrochemical advances. New technical improvements and breakthroughs depend on catalysis and are expected to come through a molecular-level understanding of the processes. The oil industry would need continued catalysis support to change its product portfolio with environment-friendly technologies. The market pattern for oil refining products is evolving and will continue to do so in the future. The trend is toward lighter and cleaner products. The demand for fuel oil and residuals is decreasing consistently, but the consumption of lighter fuels is increasing. In the long term, the residuals market would disappear. The resemblance of a refinery would then be closer to a chemical plant, rather than the landscape exhibited these days. In a contraposition, the market share of the heavy and extra heavy oils might have increased because of the decline of the light and median reserves. In fact, an increase on heavier feedstocks has already begun and will be a constant factor in the future. Introduction of new, non-oil derived fuels will impact the oil-derived market share. Also, if gasoline uses remains where it is or increases, the specifications are bound to be severe. Speciation, well known in biology, will be a fact in the fuel business.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Chapter 12 - Geothermal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses where the earth's thermal energy is sufficiently concentrated for economic use, the various types of geothermal systems, the production and utilization of the resource, and the environmental benefits and costs of geothermal production. Earth scientists quantify the energy and temperature in the earth in terms of heat flow and temperature gradient. The heat of the earth is derived from two components: the heat generated by the formation of the earth, and heat generated by radioactive decay of elements in the upper parts of the earth. The word “geothermal” comes from the combination of the Greek words gęo, meaning earth, and thérm, meaning heat. Geothermal resources are concentrations of the earth's heat, or geothermal energy, that can be extracted and used economically now or in the reasonable future. The earth contains an immense amount of heat but the heat generally is too diffuse or deep for economic use. Hence, the search for geothermal resources focuses on those areas of the earth's crust where geological processes have raised temperatures near enough to the surface that the heat contained can be utilized. Currently, only concentrations of heat associated with water in permeable rocks can be exploited economically. These systems are known as hydrothermal geothermal systems. All commercial geothermal production is currently restricted to geothermal systems that are sufficiently hot for the use and that contain a reservoir with sufficient available water and productivity for economic development. Geothermal energy is one of the cleaner forms of energy now available in commercial quantities. Use of geothermal energy avoids the problems of acid rain and greatly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and other forms of air pollution.

Joel L. Renner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

chapter6-v4.doc Page 1 of 21 01/10/2009 Sensation, Perception, Action An Evolutionary Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, which we encountered in chapter 3 as basis for assessing the spatial resolution of the visual system Chapter 6 Vision 4: Time and Motion `Snow Storm - Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth', JMW Turner, 1842 detector will be introduced as a tool to study brain function ­ questions such as apparent and real motion

Zanker, Johannes M.

116

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 3 of the Operations & Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

117

Chapter_7_Surveys_and_Reviews  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Surveys and Reviews This chapter describes the programs and procedures adopted by DOE HQ to implement the requirements of DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program, Appendix A, Section 2, Survey, Review, and Self-Assessment Programs. The Survey and Review Programs provide assurance to the Secretary of Energy, Departmental elements, and OGAs that safeguards and security (S&S) interests and activities are protected at the required levels. These programs also provide a basis for line management to make decisions regarding S&S program activities, including allocation of resources, acceptance of risk, and mitigation of vulnerabilities. The results of these reviews provide a compliance and performance-based documented evaluation of the S&S program.

118

Chapter 9: Photovoltaic DevicesChapter 9: Photovoltaic Devices Solar energy spectrumSolar energy spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 9: Photovoltaic DevicesChapter 9: Photovoltaic Devices Solar energy spectrumSolar energy Solar Energy? · Clean · Nearly unlimited PHYS5320 Chapter Nine 3 #12;S l ll l t PHYS5320 Chapter Nine 4 Solar cell plant #12;Cars powered by photovoltaic devices PHYS5320 Chapter Nine 5 #12;Solar Energy

Wang, Jianfang

119

Chapter 8 - Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although natural gas is a nonrenewable resource, it is included for discussion because its sudden growth from fracking will impact the development and use of renewable fuels. Firms who are engaged in the development of processes that employ synthesis gas as an intermediate have concluded that the synthesis gas is more economically obtainable by steam reforming of natural gas than by gasification of waste cellulose. In some instances, firms have largely abandoned the effort to produce a renewable fuel as such, and in others firms are developing hybrid processes that employ natural gas in combination with a fermentation system. Moreover, natural gas itself is an attractive fuel for internal combustion engines since it can be the least expensive option on a cost per joule basis. It is also aided by its high octane number of 130.

Arthur M. Brownstein

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Chapter 21 - Hydroelectric Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydroelectric power (hydropower) is a renewable energy source where electrical power is derived from the energy of water moving from higher to lower elevations. It is a proven, mature, predictable and price competitive technology. Hydropower has the best conversion efficiencies among all known energy sources (about 90 % efficiency, water to wire). It requires relatively high initial investment, but has a long lifespan with very low operation and maintenance costs. The existing hydropower system has an annual generation capacity of 3500 TW·h·a?1 and contributes to 16 % of the annual electricity generation worldwide. There is still a large potential for further development, as the total technical potential has been estimated to be roughly 15 000 TW·h. Out of this, about 8000 TW·h has been classified as economical potential. In Europe close to 50 % of technical potential has already been developed, in Asia 25 % and in Africa only 8 %. Significant potential can also be found in existing infrastructure that currently lacks generating units (e.g. existing barrages, weirs, dams, canal fall structures, water supply schemes) by adding new hydropower facilities. Only 25 % of the existing 45 000 large dams in the world are currently used for hydropower, the other 75 % are used exclusively for other purposes (e.g. irrigation, flood control, navigation and urban water supply schemes). Hydropower offers significant potential for carbon emissions reductions, since greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are generally very low, typically less than 1 % of that from coal power plants. Hydropower is cost competitive, with levelised cost of energy (LCOE) typically in the range (3 to 5) USc·(kW·h)?1, which is comparable to the cost of energy from thermal power plants. Hydropower has an energy payback ratio (EPR) of 200–300, highest of all types of renewable energies. Hydropower can provide both energy and water management services and also help to support other variable renewable energy sources like wind and solar, by providing storage and load balancing services.

Ĺnund Killingtveit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide March 9, 2012 - 10:14am Addthis While this week's solar storm captures the interest of scientists, researchers and people around the world, the Energy Department works with others to monitor the storm's potential impact on the nation's electrical grid. | Image credit: NOAA. While this week's solar storm captures the interest of scientists, researchers and people around the world, the Energy Department works with others to monitor the storm's potential impact on the nation's electrical grid. | Image credit: NOAA. Kenneth Friedman Senior Policy Advisor in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The solar storm that is capturing the interest of scientists, researchers

122

Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Storm Closely Watched Worldwide Storm Closely Watched Worldwide Solar Storm Closely Watched Worldwide March 9, 2012 - 10:14am Addthis While this week's solar storm captures the interest of scientists, researchers and people around the world, the Energy Department works with others to monitor the storm's potential impact on the nation's electrical grid. | Image credit: NOAA. While this week's solar storm captures the interest of scientists, researchers and people around the world, the Energy Department works with others to monitor the storm's potential impact on the nation's electrical grid. | Image credit: NOAA. Kenneth Friedman Senior Policy Advisor in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The solar storm that is capturing the interest of scientists, researchers and people around the world is a geomagnetic disturbance from the sun.

123

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CHEVRONTEXACO WORLDWIDE POWER & GASIFICATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHEVRONTEXACO WORLDWIDE POWER & GASIFICATION CHEVRONTEXACO WORLDWIDE POWER & GASIFICATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER SUBCONTRACT QZ001 UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-99FT40675; W(A)-03-001, CH-1127 The Petitioner, ChevronTexaco Worldwide Power & Gasification (ChevronTexaco) is a subcontractor to Research Triangle Institute (RTI) under the subject cost plus fixed fee agreement for the performance of work entitled, Novel Technologies for Gaseous Containment Control. The purpose of the agreement is to prove the feasibility of synthesis gas clean up techniques, including the warm synthesis gas process based on the RVS-1 sorbent developed by the Department of Energy and RTI and, for reverse selective membrane technology developed by Dupont and Air Liquide, Membrane Dupont Air Liquide (MEDAL) and RTI.

124

Beyond Design Basis Events  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in Japan, DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to beyond design basis events (BDBEs). These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to BDBEs, August 2011, and Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities, January 2013.

125

Chapter 2 - Ethics and Experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The pursuit of knowledge through social scientific research requires consideration of the many ways to protect the human dignity of study participants. This chapter reviews issues inherent in conducting ethical research, both generally and specifically with regard to experimental studies. To the extent that researchers remain mindful of these ethical concerns, they are more prepared to navigate the (federal) regulations pertaining to the protection of the rights and welfare of research subjects. The chapter concludes with suggestions on how to successfully meet the demands of institutional review boards, which oversee these regulations.

Karen A. Hegtvedt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Chapter 8: Plasma operation and control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ITER plasma control system has the same functional scope as the control systems in present tokamaks. These are plasma operation scenario sequencing, plasma basic control (magnetic and kinetic), plasma advanced control (control of RWMs, NTMs, ELMs, error fields, etc) and plasma fast shutdown. This chapter considers only plasma initiation and plasma basic control. This chapter describes the progress achieved in these areas in the tokamak experiments since the ITER Physics Basis (1999 Nucl. Fusion 39 2577) was written and the results of assessment of ITER to provide the plasma initiation and basic control. This assessment was done for the present ITER design (15?MA machine) at a more detailed level than it was done for the ITER design 1998 (21?MA machine) described in the ITER Physics Basis (1999 Nucl. Fusion 39 2577). The experiments on plasma initiation performed in DIII-D and JT-60U, as well as the theoretical studies performed for ITER, have demonstrated that, within specified assumptions on the plasma confinement and the impurity influx, ITER can produce plasma initiation in a low toroidal electric field (0.3?V?m?1), if it is assisted by about 2?MW of ECRF heating. The plasma basic control includes control of the plasma current, position and shape—the plasma magnetic control, as well as control of other plasma global parameters or their profiles—the plasma performance control. The magnetic control is based on more reliable and simpler models of the control objects than those available at present for the plasma kinetic control. Moreover the real time diagnostics used for the magnetic control in many cases are more precise than those used for the kinetic control. Because of these reasons, the plasma magnetic control was developed for modern tokamaks and assessed for ITER better than the kinetic control. However, significant progress has been achieved in the plasma performance control during the last few years. Although the physics basis of plasma operation and control is similar in ITER and present tokamaks, there is a principal qualitative difference. To minimize its cost, ITER has been designed with small margins in many plasma and engineering parameters. These small margins result in a significantly narrower operational space compared with present tokamaks. Furthermore, ITER operation is expensive and component damage resulting from purely operational errors might lead to a high and avoidable repair cost. These factors make it judicious to use validated plasma diagnostics and employ simulators to 'pre-test' the combined ITER operation and control systems. Understanding of how to do this type of pre-test validation is now developed in present day experiments. This research push should provide us with fully functional simulators before the first ITER operation.

Y. Gribov; D. Humphreys; K. Kajiwara; E.A. Lazarus; J.B. Lister; T. Ozeki; A. Portone; M. Shimada; A.C.C. Sips; J.C. Wesley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Safety Basis Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the internal Integrated Safety Management Assessment verification process, it was determined that there was a lack of documentation that summarizes the safety basis of the current Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) site characterization activities. It was noted that a safety basis would make it possible to establish a technically justifiable graded approach to the implementation of the requirements identified in the Standards/Requirements Identification Document. The Standards/Requirements Identification Documents commit a facility to compliance with specific requirements and, together with the hazard baseline documentation, provide a technical basis for ensuring that the public and workers are protected. This Safety Basis Report has been developed to establish and document the safety basis of the current site characterization activities, establish and document the hazard baseline, and provide the technical basis for identifying structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that perform functions necessary to protect the public, the worker, and the environment from hazards unique to the YMP site characterization activities. This technical basis for identifying SSCs serves as a grading process for the implementation of programs such as Conduct of Operations (DOE Order 5480.19) and the Suspect/Counterfeit Items Program. In addition, this report provides a consolidated summary of the hazards analyses processes developed to support the design, construction, and operation of the YMP site characterization facilities and, therefore, provides a tool for evaluating the safety impacts of changes to the design and operation of the YMP site characterization activities.

R.J. Garrett

2002-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

128

Knowing and Managing Grain Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding trends and/or tendencies in basis movement can help a producer make good decisions for minimizing basis risk. This publication discusses the basis itself, its variability, how to track it, and how to manage basis risk....

Amosson, Stephen H.; Mintert, James R.; Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

Chapter 7 - Hacking the Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter covers the many malicious activities an attacker can use to gain access and maintain a foothold in a network. It will also cover various attacks and the thought process an attacker may go through when penetrating your environment.

Nicholas Grant; Joseph W. Shaw II

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Chapter 3: Lecture Notes Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as the meteorite is now called, was determined to be 4.5 billion years old and to have landed on Earth's surface that comets brought Earth most of its water (Chapter 2), the composition of meteorites suggests that some have ever traveled to Earth by way of a comet or meteorite. · Scientists have traditionally found

131

Chapter 1 - How To Hack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The aim of this chapter is to introduce the topic of hacking and teach skills that will be useful for breaking into computers. There are some legitimate reasons for hacking. These can be security testing, consumer advocacy and civil rights, military interests, and hacking politics. This chapter introduces the techniques used to hack. Hacking basically means bypassing security measures on computer systems and networks. The word hack can also be used to describe a clever or quick program. There are certain laws that govern how security works. This chapter briefly introduces these laws and how they can be applied to hacking techniques. It also introduces various types of attacks and how serious the potential damage is, and provides examples of each type; the various methodologies that one might employ to discover security problems. Various hacking technique include—diffing—which is comparing code before and after some action has taken place, cryptography and the various means that exist for keeping information hidden or private, sniffing or monitoring of network communications for hacking purposes. This chapter introduces such techniques, security problems, tunneling mechanisms, viruses, and reporting security problems.

David R. Mirza Ahmad; Ido Dubrawsky; Hal Flynn; Joe “Kingpin” Grand; Robert Graham; Norris L. Johnson Jr.; K2; Dan “Effugas” Kaminsky; F. William Lynch; Steve W. Manzuik; Ryan Permeh; Ken Pfeil; Rain Forest Puppy; Ryan Russell

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Chapter in 'Contemporary HPC Architectures'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FutureGrid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 1.5.1 Privacy preserving gene read mapping using hybridChapter in 'Contemporary HPC Architectures' #12;2 #12;Contents 1 FutureGrid - a reconfigurable testbed for Cloud, HPC and Grid Computing 1 Geoffrey C. Fox, Gregor von Laszewski, Javier Diaz, Kate

133

Chapter 12 - Introduction to Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This chapter introduces testing in Guerrilla Analytics projects. It begins with describing where testing fits within the Guerrilla Analytics workflow. We will then discuss the fundamental concept of what it means to test something and why it is important. The areas of analytics testing will be introduced. You will also learn some tips on testing that can be applied across all these areas.

Enda Ridge

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nuclear Facility Safety Basis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Basis Safety Basis FUNCTIONAL AREA GOAL: A fully compliant Nuclear Facility Safety Basis. Program is implemented and maintained across the site. REQUIREMENTS: ď‚· 10 CFR 830 Subpart B Guidance: ď‚· DOE STD 3009 ď‚· DOE STD 1104 ď‚· DOE STD ď‚· DOE G 421.1-2 Implementation Guide For Use in Developing Documented Safety Analyses To Meet Subpart B Of 10 CFR 830 ď‚· DOE G 423.1-1 Implementation Guide For Use In Developing Technical Safety Requirements ď‚· DOE G 424.1-1 Implementation Guide For Use In Addressing Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements Performance Objective 1: Contractor Program Documentation The site contractor has developed an up-to-date, comprehensive, compliant, documented nuclear facility safety basis and associated implementing mechanisms and procedures for all required nuclear facilities and activities (10 CFR

135

Technical Planning Basis  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide assists DOE/NNSA field elements and operating contractors in identifying and analyzing hazards at facilities and sites to provide the technical planning basis for emergency management programs. Cancels DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 2.

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

136

Microsoft Word - Chapter 05 a.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 (Chapters 5 through 15) Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures .......................................................................................................................................................... xxvi List of Tables .......................................................................................................................................................... xxviii Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Conversion Charts ............................................................................................... xxxvii Chapter 1 Introduction and Purpose and Need for Agency Action

137

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 9  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 9 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

138

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 7  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 7 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

139

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 5  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 5 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

140

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 8  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 8 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 10  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 10 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

142

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 1  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 1 of this guide provides a background on DOE's and EERE's mission, vision, priorities, and strategies.

143

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 6  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 6 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

144

Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide nuclear industry -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide nuclear industry About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

145

Worldwide outlook clouded by market slump of late 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excess production and production capacity reasserted their influence in worldwide petroleum markets last year, pushing crude oil prices to their lowest levels since before the Persian Gulf crisis. The development ended the relative price stability that has characterized the period since the crisis ended in January 1991. One of the major questions now being asked is whether there has been a downward shift in the seasonal range of crude prices. In the near future, OPEC's degree of success in balancing the market will be a key to prices. Another is politics in the Middle East. If it were not for a United Nations embargo, the market would have another 2--3 million b/d of oil supply--from Iraq. The paper discusses worldwide demand, economic trends, the supply in 1993, the supply outlook, prices, and international drilling activities.

Beck, R.J.

1994-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Air-Conditioning Systems Simulate World-Wide Climates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air-Conditioning Systems Simulate World-Wide Climates ... WEATHER conditions equivalent to those in any part of the world can be simulated in a four-compartment test box set up at State College, Penna., by the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Regional Pasture Research Laboratory in its work to develop better pastures. ... Three heavily insulated doors permit access to each compartment; an inner door keeps conditioned air in the box from rushing out when the main door is opened. ...

1941-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

147

Microsoft Word - Chapter_8.1 Brenda.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reader's Guide The detailed analysis of the proposed solar energy zones (SEZs) in Arizona, provided in Sections 8.1 through 8.3, will be used to inform BLM decisions regarding the size, configuration, and/or management of these SEZs. These sections also include proposed mitigation requirements (termed "SEZ-specific design features"). Please note that the SEZ-specific summaries of Affected Environment use the descriptions of Affected Environment for the six-state study area presented in Chapter 4 of the PEIS as a basis. Also note that the SEZ-specific design features have been proposed with consideration of the general impact analyses for solar energy facilities presented in Chapter 5, and on the assumption that all programmatic design features presented

148

Microsoft Word - Chapter_12.1 Afton.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reader's Guide The detailed analysis of the proposed solar energy zones (SEZs) in New Mexico, provided in Sections 12.1 through 12.3, will be used to inform BLM decisions regarding the size, configuration, and/or management of these SEZs. These sections also include proposed mitigation requirements (termed "SEZ-specific design features"). Please note that the SEZ-specific summaries of Affected Environment use the descriptions of Affected Environment for the six-state study area presented in Chapter 4 of the PEIS as a basis. Also note that the SEZ-specific design features have been proposed with consideration of the general impact analyses for solar energy facilities presented in Chapter 5, and on the assumption that all programmatic design

149

Microsoft Word - Chapter_10.1 Antonito.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reader's Guide The detailed analysis of the proposed solar energy zones (SEZs) in Colorado, provided in Sections 10.1 through 10.4, will be used to inform BLM decisions regarding the size, configuration, and/or management of these SEZs. These sections also include proposed mitigation requirements (termed "SEZ-specific design features"). Please note that the SEZ-specific summaries of Affected Environment use the descriptions of Affected Environment for the six-state study area presented in Chapter 4 of the PEIS as a basis. Also note that the SEZ-specific design features have been proposed with consideration of the general impact analyses for solar energy facilities presented in Chapter 5, and on the assumption that all programmatic design

150

Microsoft Word - Chapter_13.1_Escalanta.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reader's Guide The detailed analysis of the proposed solar energy zones (SEZs) in Utah, provided in Sections 13.1 through 13.3, will be used to inform BLM decisions regarding the size, configuration, and/or management of these SEZs. These sections also include proposed mitigation requirements (termed "SEZ-specific design features"). Please note that the SEZ-specific summaries of Affected Environment use the descriptions of Affected Environment for the six-state study area presented in Chapter 4 of the PEIS as a basis. Also note that the SEZ-specific design features have been proposed with consideration of the general impact analyses for solar energy facilities presented in Chapter 5, and on the assumption that all programmatic design

151

Microsoft Word - Chapter_9.1 Imperial East.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reader's Guide The detailed analysis of the proposed solar energy zones (SEZs) in California, provided in Sections 9.1 through 9.4, will be used to inform BLM decisions regarding the size, configuration, and/or management of these SEZs. These sections also include proposed mitigation requirements (termed "SEZ-specific design features"). Please note that the SEZ-specific summaries of Affected Environment use the descriptions of Affected Environment for the six-state study area presented in Chapter 4 of the PEIS as a basis. Also note that the SEZ-specific design features have been proposed with consideration of the general impact analyses for solar energy facilities presented in Chapter 5, and on the assumption that all programmatic design

152

Hanford's 200 West Pump and Treat System Garners Worldwide Attention |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

200 West Pump and Treat System Garners Worldwide 200 West Pump and Treat System Garners Worldwide Attention Hanford's 200 West Pump and Treat System Garners Worldwide Attention August 27, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The award recognized CH2M HILL for its excellence in the international water industry. CH2M HILL’s Water Business Group's International Client Sector Director Peter Nicol accepted the award from Global Water Awards Speaker and former Mexican President Vicente Fox. The award recognized CH2M HILL for its excellence in the international water industry. CH2M HILL's Water Business Group's International Client Sector Director Peter Nicol accepted the award from Global Water Awards Speaker and former Mexican President Vicente Fox. The 200 West Pump and Treat System design and construction teams utilized energy efficient and sustainable design elements, including recycled steal. This photo shows the system’s processing equipment. Approximately 539 tons, or 5 percent, of the steel used in construction was recycled.

153

Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc Quantum Technologies | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc Quantum Technologies Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc Quantum Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc (Quantum Technologies) Place Irvine, California Zip CA 92614 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Product A California-based company with new energy activities in powertrains for hybrid vehicles, gas and hydrogen storage equipment manufacturing, and wind and solar energy. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

154

Trends in worldwide ICT electricity consumption from 2007 to 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Information and Communication Technology (ICT) devices and services are becoming more and more widespread in all aspects of human life. Following an increased worldwide focus on the environmental impacts of energy consumption in general, there is also a growing attention to the electricity consumption associated with ICT equipment. In this paper we assess how ICT electricity consumption in the use phase has evolved from 2007 to 2012 based on three main ICT categories: communication networks, personal computers, and data centers. We provide a detailed description of how we calculate the electricity use and evolution in these three categories. Our estimates show that the yearly growth of all three individual ICT categories (10%, 5%, and 4%, respectively) is higher than the growth of worldwide electricity consumption in the same time frame (3%). The relative share of this subset of ICT products and services in the total worldwide electricity consumption has increased from about 3.9% in 2007 to 4.6% in 2012. We find that the absolute electricity consumption of each of the three categories is still roughly equal. This highlights the need for energy-efficiency research across all these domains, rather than focusing on a single one.

Ward Van Heddeghem; Sofie Lambert; Bart Lannoo; Didier Colle; Mario Pickavet; Piet Demeester

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

J&L Chapter 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and health insurance providers that operate in the United States and. Canada. ..... for a Pl'?miun'l 01' (2) providing health care services on a prepaid basis.

156

Chapter 11 - Google Hacking Showcase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with the Google hacking showcase. As quoted by the founder of the Google hacking database, this chapter states that Google searches can reveal medical, financial, proprietary and even classified information. Despite government edicts, regulation and protection acts like HIPPA and the constant barking of security watchdogs, this problem still persists. Stuff still makes it out onto the web, and Google hackers access it at their disposal. It takes a look at some technical discoveries uncovered by Google hackers. It begins by various utilities that really have no business being online, unless of course one's goal is to aid hackers. Following this, it considers open network devices and open applications, neither of which requires any real hacking to gain access to. Through various examples, it describes what can go drastically wrong when the Google hacking threat is ignored, thus emphasizing the importance of knowledge of understanding of Google hacking, and online security measures.

Johnny Long

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Chapter 10 - Natural Gas Sweetening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Acid gas constituents present in most natural gas streams are mainly hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2). Many gas streams, however, particularly those in a refinery or manufactured gases, may contain mercaptans, carbon sulfide, or carbonyl sulfide. The level of acid gas concentration in the sour gas is an important consideration for selecting the proper sweetening process. Some processes are applicable for removal of large quantities of acid gas, and other processes have the capacity for removing acid gas constituents to ppm range. This chapter covers the minimum process requirements, criteria, and features for accomplishment of process design of gas sweetening units. The basic principles for process design of main equipment, piping, and instrumentation together with guidelines on present developments and process selection in the gas sweetening process are the main objectives throughout this chapter.

Alireza Bahadori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Chapter 11 - Computer Network Defense  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Computer Network Defense is the defensive and largely proactive component of Computer Network Operations, and is one of the few places where military and civilian approaches are similar. But how does Computer Network Defense fit into the category of defensive actions? To answer this question, one must understand what is being defended. This chapter explains what type of information should be protected from cyber attacks and highlights the key principles of security—namely, the CIA triad of confidentiality, integrity, and availability, and AAA which covers authentication, authorization, and auditing. Of course, no attempt at defending information assets is complete if users’ security mindset is weak, so this chapter also discusses security awareness and the types of training available today, along with strategies for defending against attacks, such as surveillance tactics, data mining, pattern matching, intrusion detection and prevention, vulnerability assessment and penetration testing, disaster recovery planning, and defense in depth.

Jason Andress; Steve Winterfeld

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy Transmission lines are the critical link between the point of electricity generation and consumers. The U.S. transmission grid infrastructure is owned and operated by approximately 3,000 distribution utilities and 500 transmission owners. This structure presents a distinct set of challenges in transmission planning, siting, cost allocation, grid operations and management, technological innovation, financing and construction. The development and deployment of a national strategy on transmission that meets the needs of all parties is extremely complex; however, a solution is desperately needed. Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy More Documents & Publications Draft Chapter 4: Transmission Adequacy

160

Chapter 22 - Direct Loans and Loan Guarantees  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8-31-11 8-31-11 22-1 CHAPTER 22 DIRECT LOANS AND LOAN GUARANTEES 1. PURPOSE. This chapter establishes the Department of Energy (DOE) accounting policy and procedures for direct loans and loan guarantees for non-Federal borrowers. 2. APPLICABILITY. a. Departmental Applicability. The applicability of this chapter is specified in Chapter 1, "Accounting Overview." b. DOE Contractors. This chapter does not apply to contractors. 3. REQUIREMENTS. a. Federal Credit Reform Act. The policies and procedures for credit programs reflect the requirements of the "Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (FCRA)," as amended. The FCRA is found

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Chapter 10 - Property, Plant and Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7-18-2011 7-18-2011 Chapter 10-1 CHAPTER 10 PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Background/Authorities. This chapter describes financial controls over the acquisition, use, and retirement of property and provides guidelines for distinguishing between charges to capital accounts and charges to expense accounts consistent with the Statement of Federal Financial Accounting Standards (SFFAS). b. Applicability. The applicability of this chapter is specified in Chapter 1, "Accounting Overview." When in conflict with the provisions of this paragraph, power marketing administrations (PMAs) should observe the policies of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and other industry

162

Acquisition Guide Chapter 42.5  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 42.5 Chapter 42.5 (February 2012) 1 CONTRACT MANAGEMENT PLANNING Applicability: This section is applicable to the contracting activities of the Department of Energy (DOE). References:  FAR 46.4, "Government Contract Quality Assurance"  FAR 42, Contract Administration and Auditing Services  FAR 43, Contract Modifications  DEAR 970.1100-1, "Performance-based Contracting"  DOE Acquisition Guide, Chapter 7.1, "Acquisition Planning"  DOE Acquisition Guide, Chapter 37, "Service Contracting"  DOE Acquisition Guide Chapter 43.2, "Change Order Template"  DOE O 413.3B, "Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets"

163

Chapter 7 - The Dark Side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses how social media is used by cybercriminals as the latest tool to commit various illegal, unwanted, and/or malicious acts. Those using social networks can fall victim to a wide variety of acts, inclusive to scams, social engineering, cyberstalking, cyberbullying, online predators, hacking, or other acts related to Internet security. We’ll discuss a variety of ways to protect yourself, methods to identify and deal with potential problems, and issues you can avoid.

Michael Cross

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

International Energy Outlook - Chapter References  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter References Chapter References International Energy Outlook 2004 Chapter References World Energy and Economic Outlook 1. D.F. Barnes et al., “Tackling the Rural Energy Problem in Developing Countries,” Finance & Development, Vol. 34, No. 2 (June 1997), pp. 11-15. 2. A. Kirby, “Russia’s Climate Tussle Spins On,” BBC News Online (December 4, 2003). 3. A.C. Revkin, “Into Thin Air: Kyoto Accord May Not Die (or Matter),” The New York Times (December 4, 2003), p. A6. 4. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives” (Press Release, February 14, 2002), web site www.whitehouse.gov/news/ releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html. 5. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004, DOE/EIA-0383(2004) (Washington, DC, January 2004); and Global Insight, Inc., World Overview (Lexington, MA, September 2003). India’s GDP growth rates were adjusted downward, based on the judgment of EIA analysts.

165

Chapter 8 - Solar Desalination Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 8 deals with solar desalination systems. The chapter initially analyzes the relation of water and energy as well as water demand and consumption and the relation of energy and desalination. Subsequently, the various desalination processes are described starting with a general exergy analysis of desalination systems and thermal desalination processes. This is followed by a review of the direct and indirect desalination systems. The typical direct system is the solar still and the analysis includes classification of solar distillation systems, performance of solar stills, and general comments on solar distillation. Indirect collection systems presented include the multistage flash process, the multiple-effect boiling process, the vapor compression process, reverse osmosis, and electrodialysis. These are described technologically and the system design equations are given. The chapter includes also a review of the renewable energy desalination systems and examines solar thermal energy, solar ponds, solar photovoltaic, wind power, hybrid solar PV–wind power, and geothermal energy. Finally, the parameters to consider in the selection of a desalination process are examined.

Soteris A. Kalogirou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Free Algebra with Countable Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book I treat the structure of D-module which has countable basis. If we do not care for topology of D-module, then we consider Hamel basis. If norm is defined in D-module, then we consider Schauder basis. In case of Schauder basis, we consider vectors whose expansion in the basis converges normally.

Aleks Kleyn

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

167

Pdc - The Worldwide Leader in Hydrogen Refueling Station Compression  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pdc - Pdc - The Worldwide Leader in Hydrogen Refueling Station Compression Over 185 Compressors in the Worlds 220+ Hydrogen Energy Facilities Diaphragm Compressor Technology: Benefits of Technology: - Highest duty cycle of all current technologies - Lowest power consumption of the technologies - Lowest cooling requirements Challenges: - High(er) capital cost amongst the technologies - Currently - If not run properly, susceptible to maintenance problems. - Compressor likes to "run often". Cost Constraints of All Technologies General Cost Issues Currently Facing Compressor Manufacturers: Low Volume. Take Away: Buy More, Save More. Lack of clear codes and standards for industry. Take Away: Standardize, Standardize, Standardize Cost Constraints of All Technologies

168

Oppenheimer Gives Plan for World-Wide Atomic Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oppenheimer Gives Plan for World-Wide Atomic Research ... A PLAN for research and development of atomic energy depending upon close international cooperation and "complete and absolute openness" presented by J. Robert Oppenheimer to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission has been made public. ... In an effort to list the problems occurring in the field with relation to their urgency, importance, and difficulty, Dr. Oppenheimer enumerated six areas of development, attempting to indicate those which were likely to lead to benefits in the future. ...

1947-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

169

CHAPTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 16, 2007 ... applied to the phenomena of the real world. — Nicolai ... to pay off in Section 6.1, where the power of the vector space methods enables us to.

PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

170

CHAPTER  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

batholith belt, which may be a northern extension of the Sierra Nevada batholith (Smith and others, 1971). The largest deposit is the Springer Mine in the Nevada...

171

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION The brain basis of emotion: A meta, Building 149 Charlestown, MA 02129 lindqukr@nmr.mgh.harvard.edu #12;The Brain Basis of Emotions 2 Abstract Researchers have wondered how the brain creates emotions since the early days of psychological science

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

172

Chapter 8: Constructing the Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: : Constructing the Building Developing a Construction Plan Writing Effective Construction Documents Safeguarding Design Goals During Construction Protecting the Site Low-Impact Construction Processes Protecting Indoor Air Quality Managing Construction Waste LANL | Chapter 8 Constructing the Building Developing a Construction Plan A high-performance design is a great achievement, but it doesn't mean much if the building isn't then built as intended. Getting from design to a completed project happens in two stages: 1) development of construction documents and 2) actual construction. To successfully implement a sustainable design, the construction docu- ments must accurately convey the specifics that deter- mine building performance, and they have to set up

173

Chapter 9: Commissioning the Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: : Commissioning the Building Commissioning Process Overview Commissioning Activities and Documentation LANL | Chapter 9 Commissioning the Building Commissioning Process Overview Commissioning is a process - a systematic process of ensuring that a building performs in accordance with the design intent, contract documents, and the owner's operational needs. Commissioning is fundamental to the success of the whole-building design process. Due to the sophistication of building designs and the com- plexity of building systems constructed today, commis- sioning is necessary, but not automatically included as part of the typical design and contracting process. Commissioning is critical for ensuring that the building design is successfully constructed and operated.

174

Chapter 17 - Nuclear heat energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter delves into the important heating processes within a nuclear power plant. Applying Fourier’s law of heat conduction permits determining temperature distributions within the nuclear fuel rods. In contrast, convective cooling occurs on the rod surface. The coolant, cladding and fuel temperature distributions through a reactor are determined. Besides heat transfer in the reactor core, some power plants employ heat exchangers to generate steam that is fed to a turbine-generator to produce electricity. As a consequence of the second law of thermodynamics, thermal power plants reject condenser heat to the environment through mechanisms such as cooling towers.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chapter 2 - Water Electrolysis Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the different water electrolysis technologies. In the introduction section, the general characteristics of water electrolysis (thermodynamics, kinetics, efficiency) are described. Main electrolysis technologies used to produce hydrogen and oxygen of electrolytic grade are then described in the following sections. Alkaline water electrolysis is described in Section 2.2, proton-exchange membrane water electrolysis in Section 2.3 and high-temperature water electrolysis in Section 2.4. For each technology, state-of-the-art performances are analyzed, limitations are identified and some perspectives are discussed.

Pierre Millet; Sergey Grigoriev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Chapter 8 - Coal Seam Degasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The chapter discusses various techniques for coal seam degasification. All coal seams are gassy but they differ in their degree of gassiness. Pre-mining and post-mining techniques for underground coal mines are discussed. With good planning, 50–80% of in-situ gas in coal can be removed before mining improving both safety and productivity. Similarly, 50–80% of gas from mined-out areas (gobs) can be removed to minimize ventilation air requirements. Gas transport in underground mines and economics of coal seam degasification are also discussed.

Pramod Thakur

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Chapter 11 - Light sheet microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter introduces the concept of light sheet microscopy along with practical advice on how to design and build such an instrument. Selective plane illumination microscopy is presented as an alternative to confocal microscopy due to several superior features such as high-speed full-frame acquisition, minimal phototoxicity, and multiview sample rotation. Based on our experience over the last 10 years, we summarize the key concepts in light sheet microscopy, typical implementations, and successful applications. In particular, sample mounting for long time-lapse imaging and the resulting challenges in data processing are discussed in detail.

Michael Weber; Michaela Mickoleit; Jan Huisken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Chapter 04 - Accounting Systems and Organization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

July 11, 2011 July 11, 2011 Chapter 4-1 CHAPTER 4 ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS AND ORGANIZATION 1. INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE. This chapter describes the Departmental finance and accounting organizational structure and the primary accounting system. a. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements to include contractors as listed under item 2 of this chapter. The Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) are subject to all financial policies and procedures of the Department of Energy (DOE) unless these policies and procedures are superseded by the Federal Columbia River Transmission System Act, the Government Corporation Control Act, or other statutory authority. When in conflict with the provisions of this chapter, PMAs shall observe the policies and meet the reporting requirements of the Federal Energy Regulatory

179

Chapter 3 - Google Hacking Basics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the basics of Google hacking and the functionality of the directory listings that can be used to locate specific files and directories. Google cache is a powerful tool in the hands of an advanced user. It can be used to locate old versions of pages that may expose information that normally would be unavailable to the casual user. The cache can be used to highlight terms in the cached version of a page, even if the terms were not used as part of the query to find that page. An advanced Google user will always pay careful attention to the details contained in the cached page's header, since there can be important information about the date the page was crawled, the terms that were found in the search, whether the cached page contains external images, links to the original page, and the text of the URL used to access the cached version of the page. Directory listings contain a great deal of information that is interesting from a security perspective. The directory listings can be used to determine specific information about the software installed on a server. Traversal techniques can be used to locate information that is often outside the piercing gaze of Google's crawlers. The chapter explores some specific techniques including directory traversal, incremental substitution, and extension walking.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Chapter 8 - Automation and Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter begins with the topic of process automation which has the intent of making repetitive tasks more consistent, faster, and cheaper. As part of this discussion, we talk about how to determine if a process should be automated, how to document the process in preparation for automation, and how to perform the actual automation. A variety of scripting languages can be used to perform process automation and general best practices for scripting these processes is discussed as well as some thoughts on how to choose the right scripting language for the job. The second part of the chapter is all about monitoring of enterprise applications. Key performance indicators (KPIs) that give insight into the enterprise application’s performance over time as well as determining when to alert the enterprise applications administrator to potential problems within the application are discussed. Alerts are another important topic associated with enterprise application monitoring that is discussed including how to properly tune alerts through the selection of appropriate KPIs, retry counts, and retry intervals.

Jeremy Faircloth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Chapter Three - Steroids and NMR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, the NMR spectroscopic investigation of steroids is analyzed from five different angles, yet the general stage, the steroid-specific aspect and the provision of an illustrative example are the common themes for each perspective. Firstly, steroids and NMR are placed in their chemical, analytical and pharmaceutical context. Secondly, the characteristic challenges of steroid structure elucidation and the aspects of specific moieties of steroidal compounds are described following chronological and also stereospecific lines. Subsequently, the application of NMR methodology is reviewed with respect to host–guest chemistry, impurity profiling and isotopic labelling, such as 3H, 17O and 19F. Furthermore, the use of computer-assisted structure elucidation applied to the steroids using incremental systems, simple databases and the current sophisticated spectral prediction algorithms will be discussed and their applications compared for testosterone and tibolone. The most recently developed and also the rare, but nonetheless valuable, NMR methods will also be presented. These include covariance processing, residual dipolar couplings and high-sensitivity CC INADEQUATE experiments. Finally, suitable experiment sets for steroid structure elucidation and structure confirmation are discussed. Tibolone is used as the common thread and serves as an illustrative example throughout this chapter.

Martin Jaeger; Ruud L.E.G. Aspers

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Chapter 12 Geomorphometry in SAGA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses (SAGA) is a full-fledged geographic information system (GIS) and many of its features have some relation with geomorphometry that makes it an ideal tool for operational work. This chapter emphasizes the particular characteristics of SAGA and the relation between some of its features and concepts. SAGA is GIS software with support for raster and vector data. It includes a large set of geo-scientific algorithms and is especially powerful for the analysis of digital elevation models (DEMs). The chapter introduces SAGA with a strong focus on the analysis and application of DEM data. SAGA has been designed to be a flexible and useful tool for the geoscientific community and a large part of its actual structure is due to that particular aim. Conceptually, the architecture of SAGA consists of three different components: (1) The application programming interface (API) provides all the basic functions for performing geographical analysis and is the true “heart” of SAGA itself. (2) A set of modules that are organized in module libraries, represents the geo-scientific methods. (3) The graphical user interface (GUI) is the system's front end, through which the user manages data and executes modules.

V. Olaya; O. Conrad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Chapter 3 - Solar Energy Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 3 gives a review of solar collectors which are the main components of any solar system. The review includes various types of stationary and sun-tracking collectors. The stationary collectors include flat-plate collectors (FPCs), under which glazing materials, collector absorbing plates, and collector construction are presented; compound parabolic collectors (CPCs) and evacuated tube collectors (ETCs). The sun-tracking concentrating collectors section cover parabolic trough collectors (PTCs), which include parabola construction and tracking mechanisms; Fresnel collectors; parabolic dish reflector and heliostat field collector. This review is followed by the optical and thermal analysis of both \\{FPCs\\} and concentrating collectors. The analysis for \\{FPCs\\} includes both water and air type systems whereas the analysis for concentrating collectors includes the CPC and the PTC. The analysis of flat-plate water collectors starts with an analysis of the absorbed solar radiation followed by collector energy losses, temperature distribution between the tubes, collector efficiency factor, heat removal factor, flow factor, and thermal efficiency. This is followed by practical considerations concerning FPCs. Subsequently, concentrating collectors are considered which include optical and thermal analysis of a CPC and optical and thermal analysis of PTCs. The chapter includes also the second law analysis of solar thermal systems and includes minimum entropy generation rate, optimum collector temperature, and non-isothermal collector analysis.

Soteris A. Kalogirou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Chapter 30 - Cost Accounting Standards Administration | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

30 - Cost Accounting Standards Administration Chapter 30 - Cost Accounting Standards Administration 30.1DOE'sOversightofCertainContractorDefinedPensionPlansandItsEffect...

185

Microsoft Word - Chapter12_2006_Jun  

Energy Savers [EERE]

---Chapter 70.7 (June 2006) 12-6 Economic development including technology transfer, and Prevention of profiling based on race or national origin. The Diversity...

186

Chapter 13 - Simplified Acquisition Procedures | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

13 - Simplified Acquisition Procedures Chapter 13 - Simplified Acquisition Procedures 13.1 - Purchase Card Policy and Operating Procedures 13.2PurchaseOrders0.pdf More Documents...

187

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 2 of this guide provides information on EERE programs and subprograms, roles and responsibilities, program management, and strategic management systems.

188

Chapter 8 Electric and Magnetic Fields  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are wet. Corona produces audible noise (see Chapter 9, Noise) and electromagnetic interference (static) that can affect AM radio or broadcast TV signals. The level of...

189

Chapter 35 - Research and Development Contracting | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

5 - Research and Development Contracting Chapter 35 - Research and Development Contracting 35.1ScientificandTechnicalInformation0.pdf 35.2CostSharinginResearchandDevelop...

190

Chapter 37 - Service Contracting | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

7 - Service Contracting Chapter 37 - Service Contracting 37.1SupportServiceContracting0.pdf 37.114FederalContractorEmployeeRolesintheFederalWorkplace0.pdf...

191

Conference Abstracts & Book Chapters | Photosynthetic Antenna...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstracts & Book Chapters Collins AM, Wen J and Blankenship RE (2011) Photosynthetic Light Harvesting Complexes. In Molecular Solar Fuels, T. Wydrzynski and W. Hillier, Eds.,...

192

Chapter_12_Special_Access_Programs  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2 Special Access Programs This chapter describes the DOE Special Access Program (SAP) at DOE HQ and implements the requirements of: * Executive Order 13526, Classified National...

193

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 6  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 6 of this guide includes general concepts on program implementation such as identifying work to be performed, field input, funding work, and procurement, and financial assistance.

194

Chapter_10_Security_Awareness_Program  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

0 Security Awareness Program This chapter describes the DOE HQ Security Awareness Program. It implements the requirements of: * Title 32, CFR, Part 2001, Classified National...

195

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to Potential Future Uses of the Hanford Site Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to Potential Future Uses of the Hanford Site March 8, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree, DOE , (509) 376-4171, Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the fifth chapter of The Hanford Story video series to the public today. "Future" offers perspectives and ideas for potential uses of the government's former plutonium production site in southeast Washington State as environmental cleanup is completed. From land use plans and preservation to economic development and tourism opportunities, the Future chapter touches on a variety of local economic,

196

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide - Argonne's Historical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

197

Scenarios for a worldwide deployment of nuclear power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growing worldwide demand for energy must be controlled. However, even in the event of voluntary policies to dampen energy demand, it is hard to imagine that the demand could be less than twice as much as today's by 2050. We feel it is necessary to satisfy this demand. It is obvious also that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced in order to limit the severe consequences that they entail. An energy shortage could develop if new sources of large-scale energy production are not established. A significant contribution of nuclear power to such energy production by 2050 rests on a well-coordinated and optimised deployment scheme (Loiseaux et al., 2004; The Future of Nuclear Power, 2003). This requires, as early as today, a reflection on the present status of nuclear power, on its extrapolation into the future and, thus, on the means that should be put to work and the transition possibilities.

E. Merle-Lucotte; D. Heuer; C. Le Brun; J.M. Loiseaux

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fuel Cells Market Exceeds $1.3 Billion in Worldwide Sales | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Cells Market Exceeds 1.3 Billion in Worldwide Sales Fuel Cells Market Exceeds 1.3 Billion in Worldwide Sales December 1, 2014 - 5:14pm Addthis The market for fuel cells is...

199

Chapter_1_Physical_Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physical Security Physical Security This chapter describes the security procedures adopted by DOE HQ to implement the requirements of the following DOE directives: * Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 860.4 * Title 41 CFR Parts 101-19.3 and 102.74, Subpart C * Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-12, Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors * DOE Order 473.3, Protection Program Operations * DOE Order 471.6, Information Security * DOE Order 580.1, Change 1, DOE Personal Property Management Program The objective of these directives is to protect DOE sensitive and classified information, facilities, property, and employees from threats posed by intelligence collectors, terrorists, violent activists,

200

Chapter_3_Personnel_Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Personnel Security Personnel Security This chapter covers the security procedures adopted by DOE HQ to implement the requirements of the following DOE directives: * Privacy Act of 1974 * Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 707 * Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 710 * Title 48, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 952.204-2 * DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program * DOE Order 472.2, Personnel Security * DOE Order 475.1, Counterintelligence Program The DOE Personnel Security Program is designed to ensure that individuals authorized to access classified information and Special Nuclear Material (SNM) do not pose a threat to national security interests. This assurance is provided by the process for issuing initial and continuing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Chapter 2 - Web Server Hacking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter covers the fundamental process of hacking a web server by using several seminal network hacking tools. It is critical to understand what each of these tools is trying to accomplish and how to effectively use it yourself. The process is very structured with port scanning with Nmap, vulnerability scanning with Nesssus and Nikto, exploitation with Metasploit, and maintaining access (persistence) with Netcat. It introduces an easy-to-follow process for using each of these tools at the appropriate time with the appropriate technique to ensure high-quality results. This tool-driven approach is the same type of thinking that is used throughout the book on other targets such as the web application and web users.

Josh Pauli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Chapter 5 - Properties of Enzymes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter provides broad coverage on enzyme properties, describing the characteristics and activities therein. The reasons for the unidirectional nature of enzyme-catalyzed reactions is outlined. Nomenclature is discussed with the aim of students being able to identify the enzyme activity type, based on name. Methods of control of enzyme activity, including induction of gene expression; noncovalent enzyme-substrate interactions; feedback inhibition; reversible covalent modification; control proteins; and proteolytic activation are characterized and discussed. The impact of phosphorylation is described. Overview• Most enzymes are proteins. • Enzymes are used to diagnose and treat disease. • Some enzymes require coenzymes. • Allosteric interactions can either facilitate or inhibit enzyme-catalyzed reactions. • Phosphorylation of an enzyme may either increase or decrease its activity. • Proteolytic enzymes in the lumen of the digestive tract are activated irreversibly. • Synthetases stimulate synthesis using ATP.

Larry R. Engelking

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Chapter 10 God's Sacred Words  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents different domains of linguistics and language activity. A living system is characterized by having constraints as an inherent part of the system. A group of words that functions together as a unit is called a “constituent.” A constituent is an important notion in syntactic theory. Moreover, constituents are embedded one inside another and create a hierarchical structure. The power of the linguistic metaphor for biology is raising the awareness about the constraints imposed on tokens in a string of letters as a part of a meaning-making process. The rules that constrain the organization of micro-level particles are just one aspect of meaning making and should be careful not assigned them a hegemonic role in the multifaceted process of meaning making. Grammar can never be a substitute for meaning but just one layer of meaning making.

Yair Neuman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Chapter 12 - Trading Gone Awry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 12 explores the essential concepts of the controversial side of trading, what can go wrong, what frequently goes wrong and the criminal side of the business. Insider trading in history, definitions of illegal insider trading and notorious cases involving illegal insider trading are presented. Front running and other forms of parasitic trading, legal and illegal are discussed. Market timing and late trading are described as are bluffing, spoofing and market manipulation. The controversial, but legal and widespread practice of payment for order flow is discussed. The potentially disastrous meltdowns arising from fat fingers, hot potatoes and various types of technical glitches are described. A number of notorious cases involving rogue trading and Ponzi schemes are described. Keywords Insider Trading, Front running, Tailgating, Penny-jumping, Market timing, Late trading, Bluffing, Spoofing, Banging the close, Market manipulation, Fishing, Quote matching, quote stuffing, Payment for order flow, Fat fingers, Hot potatoes, Rogue trading, Ponzi schemes

John L. Teall

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Chapter 24 - Nuclear energy future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter attempts to concisely describe the role that nuclear power may take in the meeting the world’s future energy needs. Historically, economic considerations have triumphed all other considerations when selecting an energy source. Nuclear power growth stagnated in the late twentieth century for a variety of reasons. A revival in nuclear reactor construction is beginning in the United States and elsewhere at the start of the twenty-first century. World energy—and especially electricity—use is increasing and sustainable approaches to meeting this need are sought. With rising concern about climate change, nuclear power is found to be the lowest contributor to carbon dioxide emissions, even compared to solar and wind power. Besides electricity generation, power reactors can be utilized for large-scale desalination and hydrogen generation.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Chapter 8 - Corrosion/Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter explains that pipe is buoyant, and an empty line may float in water. Wet silts are like viscous fluids causing inadequately weighted pipelines to pop up. There are various government entities that have jurisdiction over navigable rivers, bays, marshlands, and offshore waters. These agencies may stipulate that pipelines be buried at certain depths and be stabilized. A good way to stabilize a pipeline is to use an adequate concrete weight coating. Determining the thickness of the concrete involves a process of balancing upward forces such as buoyancy of the mud and the downward forces—weights of pipe, protective coating, and concrete, allowing a factor of 60 (negative buoyancy). Such computations with several variables can become involved and tedious.

E.W. McAllister

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Chapter 16: Environmental Impact Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FOR FOR 10 CFR 431 ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT: PACKAGED TERMINAL AIR CONDITIONER AND PACKAGED TERMINAL HEAT PUMP ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS; FINAL RULE October 2008 DOE/EA-1637 NOTE: The following Environmental Assessment (DOE/EA-1637) was integrated into the Technical Support Document (TSD) that was prepared for the Final Rule, 10 CFR Part 431, regarding the Department of Energy's energy conservation standards rulemaking on packaged terminal air conditioners and packaged terminal heat pumps. The environmental analysis was contained in Chapter 16 of the TSD, which is provided here. The complete TSD is located on the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Website at the following URL:

208

Chapter_6_Foreign_Interaction  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Foreign Interaction Foreign Interaction This chapter describes the security procedures adopted by DOE HQ to implement the requirements of the following Executive Order and DOE directives: * Executive Order 12344 (as prescribed by 42 U.S.C. 7158) * DOE Oder 142.3A, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program * DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program, Appendix B, Section 4 * DOE Order 475.1, Counterintelligence Program * DOE Order 551.1C, Official Foreign Travel * DOE Manual 552.1-1A, U.S. Department of Energy Travel Manual * DOE Order 552.1A, Change 1, Travel Policy and Procedures The directives have two objectives: the first objective is to protect DOE sensitive and classified information from being disclosed to foreign nationals, except when authorized by international

209

Module 4Module 4 CPU SchedulingCPU Scheduling Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to execute, and then give the control to it If we want efficient resource utilization, we need CPU scheduling preemptive scheduling? DispatcherDispatcher Dispatcher module gives control of the CPU to the process1 Module 4Module 4 ­­ CPU SchedulingCPU Scheduling Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading

Stojmenovic, Ivan

210

Faculty Code Chapter 28 Adjudication Filing Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty Code Chapter 28 Adjudication Filing Procedures Secretary of the Faculty 10/2014 #12;Page 1 |Adjudication Introduction| Chapter 28 of the Faculty Code sets forth the adjudicative procedures to be used resolution procedures are available at any time during the resolution process, including the time period

Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

211

Owyhee Subbasin Plan Chapter 2 Technical Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Assessment. Steven C. Vigg, Editor. Final Draft. Submitted to the Northwest Power and ConservationOwyhee Subbasin Plan Chapter 2 Technical Assessment Prepared By: The Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Program. #12;Owyhee Subbasin Plan Chapter 2 OSP Technical Assessment Final Draft May 28, 2004i Document

212

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background This thesis describes a multi-agent based architecture of the research and an outline plan for the rest of this thesis complete the chapter. 1.2 Software Project and monitor progress to check the development is on time and within budget. #12;3 1.3 Software Project

O'Connor, Rory

213

Chapter 13 Geovisualization 179 Spatial Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 13 Geovisualization 179 Spatial Data Analysis OVERVIEW This chapter is the first in a set data analysis and tests to determine whether a method is spatial. Techniques for detecting geographic, because they can be applied to data arrayed in any space, not only geographic space. Spatial

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

214

RTL Hardware Design Chapter 9 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 9 19 ­ Better design RTL Hardware Design by P. Chu Chapter 9 20 · VHDL code of poor design RTL counter ­ Ring counter ­ Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR) ­ BCD counter RTL Hardware Design by P. Chu

Chu, Pong P.

215

Osnabrcker Studierende der Wirtschaftsinformatik erstellen ersten Online-Nachhaltigkeitsbericht fr Hellmann Worldwide Logistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Nachhaltigkeitsbericht fĂĽr Hellmann Worldwide Logistics Auf Initiative von Prof. Dr. Lohmeier und Prof. Dr. Teuteberg wurde OsnabrĂĽcker Unternehmens Hellmann Worldwide Logistics (10.735 Mitarbeiter und 2,67 Milliarden Euro Umsatz PDF-Dokument verfĂĽgba- ren Nachhaltigkeitsbericht von Hellmann Worldwide Logistics in einen mit vielen

Steinhoff, Heinz-JĂĽrgen

216

Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to Those Who Helped Complete Projects Funded by Recovery Act Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to Those Who Helped Complete Projects Funded by Recovery Act September 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree, DOE Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the third chapter of The Hanford Story today to the public. -Recovery Act‖ is a tribute to the thousands of workers and representatives of regulatory agencies, neighboring states, Tribes, stakeholders, and surrounding communities who came together to put stimulus funding to work at the government site in southeast Washington State. The video describes how the Department of Energy and its contractors turned

218

Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History and Cleanup of Most Hazardous Facility at Hanford Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History and Cleanup of Most Hazardous Facility at Hanford April 18, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the sixth chapter of The Hanford Story video series to the public today. "Plutonium Finishing Plant" provides viewers with a look at the history and cleanup of the highest hazard facility remaining at the Hanford Site. The plant produced nearly two-thirds of the nation's supply of plutonium for the nuclear weapons program and was once the center of the bulls-eye of

219

Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History and Cleanup of Most Hazardous Facility at Hanford Sixth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers History and Cleanup of Most Hazardous Facility at Hanford April 18, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the sixth chapter of The Hanford Story video series to the public today. "Plutonium Finishing Plant" provides viewers with a look at the history and cleanup of the highest hazard facility remaining at the Hanford Site. The plant produced nearly two-thirds of the nation's supply of plutonium for the nuclear weapons program and was once the center of the bulls-eye of

220

Seventh Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Cleanup  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seventh Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Seventh Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Cleanup along Columbia River - Breathtaking river views...nice graphics...glimpses of the future of Hanford Seventh Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Covers Cleanup along Columbia River - Breathtaking river views...nice graphics...glimpses of the future of Hanford June 20, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree Public Affairs, Richland Operations Office U.S. Department of Energy geoffrey.tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the seventh chapter of The Hanford Story video series to the public today. "River Corridor" provides viewers with a look at the cleanup of hundreds of contaminated buildings and more than one thousand areas where soil was

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Chapter 25 - Intentional Islanding of Distribution Network Operation with Mini Hydrogeneration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The abundant presence of large river basins made Brazil a worldwide powerhouse of hydroelectricity. To maintain its long-tradition of clean energy producer, Brazil also is investing in mini hydro plants, of few megawatts, able to supply small towns in rural areas. This chapter focuses on a real case study of a mini hydro power plant connected to a rural distribution feeder. The investigations presented in this chapter highlight important stages for a successful intentional islanding operation. Those are the detection of the islanding, the necessary change in the control modes of voltage and frequency regulation, the islanding formation with load/generation balancing, the islanding autonomous operation and the reconnection to the main grid. Although, not yet established as a common practice in Brazil, islanding operation of renewable DG can improve reliability indices and help the human effort in diminishing global warming, if technically sound solutions are applied.

Glauco Nery Taranto; Tatiana M.L. Assis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

1-4,9/99 Neuman Chapter 20 Carbohydrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1-4,9/99 Neuman Chapter 20 0 Chapter 20 Carbohydrates from Organic Chemistry by Robert C. Neuman, Jr. Professor of Chemistry, emeritus University of California, Riverside orgchembyneuman@yahoo.com Chapter Outline of the Book

Reed, Christopher A.

223

Changes in worldwide demand for metals (final). Open File report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Worldwide demand for metals was analyzed to identify the important factors that explain differences in the level of demand among world countries. The per capita demand for steel, aluminum, copper, and total nonferrous metals was investigated for 40 to 50 countries over a 22-year period. These countries have been further grouped into four world regions for purposes of making generalizations about the importance of these factors for countries in different stages of development and with dissimilar levels of per capita gross domestic product (GDP). Intercountry and intertemporal differences are explained largely by differences in per capita GDP and changes over time in per capita GDP, oil real prices, and to a lesser extent, metal real prices. The trend in world consumption is dramatically different in the last decade than the previous one. In 1962-73, per capita consumption increased in all areas and consumption intensity (consumption divided by (GDP) increased in most areas). In 1973-84, per capita consumption fell in most areas and intensity fell dramatically, except in developing nations.

Faucett, J.G.; Chmelynski, H.J.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Chapter 9: Commissioning the Building | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Building Chapter 9: Commissioning the Building Chapter 9 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide contains information on commissioning process overview and...

225

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 1...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Master Security Plan - Chapter 1, Physical Security This chapter covers the procedures adopted by HQ to implement directives governing the physical protection of U.S...

226

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 7...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

7, Surveys and Reviews 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 7,...

227

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 3...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

3, Personnel Security 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 3, Personnel Security June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 3,...

228

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4, Cyber Security 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber...

229

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 15...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5, Outprocessing 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 15, Outprocessing June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 15,...

230

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

6, Foreign Interaction 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6, Foreign Interaction June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6,...

231

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide with guidelines for developing sustainable, healthy,...

232

20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 3: Manufacturing, Materials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

3: Manufacturing, Materials, and Resources Summary Slides 20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 3: Manufacturing, Materials, and Resources Summary Slides Summary Slides for Chapter 3:...

233

Chapter 14 - Grants and Cooperative Agreements  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

02-06-12 14-1 CHAPTER 14 GRANTS, COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS, AND TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS 1. INTRODUCTION. Grants, cooperative agreements, and technology investment agreements are financial assistance instruments, rather than acquisition instruments, used by the Department of Energy (DOE) to transfer money or property to a recipient to accomplish a public purpose authorized by Federal statute. a. Purpose. This chapter prescribes policies and general procedures for the accounting and financial management of grants, cooperative agreements and technology investment agreements administered by DOE. b. Applicability. This chapter applies to all Departmental elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). It does not apply to

234

Chapter 6 - Subsea Cost Estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides guidelines for cost estimation during a project feasibility study, where the accuracy range is between ± 30% for subsea field development projects. Subsea cost refers to the cost of the whole project, which generally includes the capital expenditures (CAPEX) and operation expenditures (OPEX) of the subsea field development. The feasibility studies are performed before execution of the project, which may include three phases as shown in the figure: prefield development; conceptual/feasibility study; and front-end engineering design (FEED). Cost estimations are made for several purposes, and the methods used for the estimations as well as the desired amount of accuracy will be different. The cost estimation classifications according to Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering (AACE): level of project definition: expressed as percentage of complete definition; end usage: typical purpose of estimation; methodology: typical estimating method; expected accuracy range: typical ± range relative to best index of 1; and preparation effort: typical degree of effort relative to least cost index of 1.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Chapter 2 Conventional refining processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses conventional refining processes. Refining is a very elaborate operation by which crude oil is transformed into a series of products such as, gases, fuels, solvents, lube oils, etc. Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons (HC) of different C/H ratio and molecular structures. The different classes of HC molecules comprise paraffins, olefins, cycles, aromatics, resins, asphaltenes, and other poly-unsaturated molecules. In addition to hydrocarbons, crude oils also contain some other compounds composed by other atoms (heteroatoms) than carbon and hydrogen. Those moieties consist of sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and heavy metals. Crudes are usually classified in terms of their specific gravity as very light, light, median, heavy, and extra heavy. An empirical set of units for the crude gravity, defined by the American Petroleum Institute (API), is currently used in oil industry. Their appearance varies from transparent liquids to black solids, going from light to heavy. Light oils have lower specific gravity and larger API gravity, while for heavy oils vice versa. Their composition also changes, and so the concentration of those heteroatomic compounds typically increases from light to heavy. The crude oils are also categorized in terms of their chemical composition, as for instance, sour crude oils, those presenting high acidity, paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Chapter 3 Emerging biocatalytic processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses biocatalytic processes. The microbial populations, working in the oil reservoir, influenced the final petroleum product. Indeed, those populations adapted to the reservoir environment under extreme conditions, such as pressure, salinity, temperature, etc. The isolation of such microorganisms from extreme environments as well as those from environments exposed to oil (via oil spills, oily wastewater treatment, etc.) has resulted in identification of biological catalysts, which could be used to remove heteroatoms or transform oil components to improve yields and quality of the oil as well as its refined products. Bacteria have evolved to scavenge carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and metals present in crude oil over time, and such bacteria have served as the source of catalytic materials for oil bioprocessing applications. The understanding that these biological functionalities are a result of evolutionary pressures, serves as inspiration for development of new and emerging technologies. Five main areas of bioprocessing research have emerged in the search for commercial value addition: (1) microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR), (2) biodesulfurization, (3) biodenitrogenation, (4) viscosity reduction/biocracking, and (5) biodemetallization.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Chapter 2 - Black Liquor Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Black liquor gasification (BLG) is being considered primarily as an option for production of biofuels in recent years due to the focus on the transport sector’s high oil dependence and climate impact. BLG may be performed either at low temperatures or at high temperatures, based on whether the process is conducted above or below the melting temperature range of the spent pulping chemicals. The development of various BLG technologies—SCA-Billerud process, the Copeland recovery process, Weyerhaeuser’s process, the St. Regis hydropyrolysis process, the Texaco process, VTT’s circulating fluidized bed BLG process, Babcock and Wilcox’s bubbling fluidized bed gasification process, NSP process (Ny Sodahus Process), DARS (Direct Alkali Recovery System) process, BLG with direct causticization, Manufacturing and Technology Conversion International fluidized bed gasification, Chemrec gasification, catalytic hydrothermal gasification of black liquor—is discussed in this chapter. The two main technologies under development are pressurized gasification and atmospheric gasification, being commercialized by Chemrec AB and ThermoChem Recovery International, respectively.

Pratima Bajpai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Chapter 6 - Google Hacking Showcase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on what can go drastically wrong when the Google hacking threat is ignored. A decent no-tech hacker can accumulate a library of significant data just by observing the world around him. But often that data is completely useless on its own. Arguably the most well known of no-tech hacking techniques among hackers in the know, Google hacking has become a standard weapon in every attacker's arsenal. A self-respecting Google hacker spends hours trolling the Internet for juicy stuff. Firing off search after search, they thrive on the thrill of finding clean, mean, streamlined queries and get a real rush from sharing those queries and trading screenshots of their findings. Google Hacking Showcase consists of screenshots of wild Google hacks the author had witnessed. Borrowing from the pool of interesting Google queries he had created, along with scores of queries from the community. The author snagged screenshots and presented them one at a time, making smarmy comments along the way. It makes sense to include the showcase in the edition of Google Hacking.

Johnny Long; Scott Pinzon; Jack Wiles; Kevin D. Mitnick

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Chapter 10 - Hacking Google Services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes ways of hacking into Google services. It reveals tricks to recover interesting information from Google's vast indexes. AJAX Search API is one of the leading Google services on the AJAX front. This service is meant as a replacement of the older SOAP search service which support was discontinued some time ago. AJAX Search API is considered to be more powerful then the SOAP service and easier to work with. The primary goal of the service is to enable external websites to host Google supplied gadgets which provide searching facilities within or outside of the hosting website and also among video clips, maps, blogs, custom search engines, etc. The Google AJAX Search API is designed to be embedded within external pages. This is described in the study. Following this, it reveals the characteristics of AJAX search, using Firefox as the primary tool of development. Furthermore, it describes the ways of hacking into the AJAX search engine. It also discusses Google calendar, Google's blog search, and subversion version management system. Finally, the study demonstrates that that the search facility is quite fuzzy and queries need to be often refined in order to get better results.

Johnny Long

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Chapter 22 - Radioactive Waste Disposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses safe disposal of radioactive waste in order to provide safety to workers and the public. Radioactive wastes arise from a great variety of sources, including the nuclear fuel cycle, and from beneficial uses of isotopes and radiation by institutions. Spent fuel contains uranium, plutonium, and highly radioactive fission products. In the United States spent fuel is accumulating, awaiting the development of a high-level waste repository. A multi-barrier system involving packaging and geological media will provide protection of the public over the centuries the waste must be isolated. The favored method of disposal is in a mined cavity deep underground. In other countries, reprocessing the fuel assemblies permits recycling of materials and disposal of smaller volumes of solidified waste. Transportation of wastes is by casks and containers designed to withstand severe accidents. Low-level wastes (LLWs) come from research and medical procedures and from a variety of activation and fission sources at a reactor site. They generally can be given near-surface burial. Isotopes of special interest are cobalt-60 and cesium-137. Transuranic wastes are being disposed of in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Establishment of regional disposal sites by interstate compacts has generally been unsuccessful in the United States. Decontamination of defense sites will be long and costly. Decommissioning of reactors in the future will contribute a great deal of low-level radioactive waste.

Raymond L. Murray

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

CHAPTER XI - THE CHILTERN CROSSES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the Chiltern Crosses. So far, no evidence has been forthcoming to vouch for the origin of the interesting enigmas known as Whiteleaf Cross and Bledlow Cross. At present, all that can be said with certainty is that an illustration of Whiteleaf Cross accompanied its description in a book, dated 1742, by Francis Wise, Radcliffe Librarian, entitled “Further Observations upon the White Horse and other Antiquities in Berkshire”. In 1742, he regarded Whiteleaf Cross as an antiquity and made no mention of Bledlow Cross although he refers to a Danish camp at Bledlow. The dating and origin of the Crosses have been discussed by the late Sir Lindsay Scott in Antiquity, where he suggests that Whiteleaf Cross, in regard to 16th or 17th century undergraduate activities in turf-cutting near Cambridge, might be the work of the brighter youth of the two Risboroughs, in perhaps the 17th century A.D. And still he's in the self-same place Where, at his setting out, he was. Samuel Butler

J.F. HEAD

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Chapter 5 Salinity Gradient Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There exists a huge potential for the generation of energy from the mixing of saltwater and freshwater. The potential is 2.6 TW, which is more than the global electricity consumption (2.0 TW). Two membrane-based technologies exist to convert this potentially available energy into useful power: pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) and reverse electrodialysis (RED). In PRO, water is transported through a semipermeable membrane from the less concentrated solution toward the concentrated salt solution to generate power. In RED, salt ions are transported from the concentrated salt solution through ion exchange membranes toward the less concentrated solution to extract the energy. Both technologies were developed in the 1970s and 1980s and both regained interest lately due to recent developments in membrane technology and the need for sustainable energy processes. This chapter describes the potential of salinity gradient energy of both processes in detail, and an overview of the relevant literature on both technologies is presented. Furthermore, it summarizes the recent developments, pilot testing, scale-up, and future expectations of both technologies.

Kitty Nijmeijer; Sybrand Metz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Chapter 13 - Covert Listening Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses a variety of cover listening devices that might be available to the Zukin. Although a range of eavesdropping tools is available, one should gravitate toward passive methods of eavesdropping. Such methods can enable to avoid entering the locations that one wish to monitor. It discusses the use of radio frequency scanners for monitoring several methods of communication. One can use such devices to monitor Bluetooth, cellular, and data networks, and other radio sources as well. Although specialized equipment is required for listening to some forms of radio communication, others are accessible with low-cost devices off the shelf or equipment that we can cobble together ourselves. It discusses the use of key loggers, in both hardware and software forms. Such devices can be used to record everything from keystrokes to complete video of the user's desktop for later perusal. It also discusses some of the issues in using key loggers, such as placement, retrieving data, and taking steps to not be discovered. It concludes with clandestinely placed sensors, including video and audio bugs.

Thomas Wilhelm; Jason Andress

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Chapter 1 - Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Assuming that the reader is relatively new to the area of carbon nanotube reinforced composites, this chapter aims to create a solid background in the topics of nanoscience and nanotechnology (N&N). We start with an introduction to the nanoscale, from basic themes, such as the importance of size, and why the properties of materials change at the nanoscale. The concepts of N&N are presented from the starting point: the Feynman’s lecture in 1959. The different types of nanotechnology are discussed. The history of nano shows us that nanotechnology was, somehow, already been used in the ancient world as demonstrated by great examples as the Lycurgus cup and stained glass windows. The “nano world” has inspired many applications that make use of the new features and phenomena observed at the nanoscale. We discuss some of the existing and envisioned applications in many areas, including medicine, food, electronics, energy, air pollution, space, and even sports. Finally, we take a look to the future and realize that although scientists are able to manipulate materials at the atomic scale, atom by atom, there is still much to be done, i.e., There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom!

Marcio Loos

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Chapter 3 - Recycling in Context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The recycling of metals is widely viewed as a fruitful sustainability strategy, but information on the degree to which recycling is actually occurring is limited in scope and detail. In this chapter we define various metrics for the recycling of metals and present current information on recycled content (RC), end-of-life recycling rates (EOL-RR), and old scrap ratios (OSR) for 60 metals of the periodic table. Because of growth in metal use over time, and because metal in-use lifetimes can be many years to several decades, many RC values are low and will remain so for the foreseeable future. In addition, because relatively low efficiencies often exist in the collection and processing of most discarded products, because of inherent limitations in recycling processes, and because primary material is often relatively abundant and low cost (thereby keeping down the price of scrap), many EOL-RR are very low but have the potential for improvement. Only 12 metals (Co, Fe, Mn, Nb, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, Re, Rh, Sn and Ti) have the EOL-RR above 50% at present. Only Nb, Pb and Ru have an RC above 50%, although 15 metals are in the 25–50% range. Thirteen metals have an OSR >50%. Improving recycling performance will be increasingly challenging as materials integration continues its rise.

T.E. Graedel; Barbara K. Reck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Chapter 13 - Progressing cavity pumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Progressing cavity pumps (PCPs) have the advantage of being able to easily pump solids, liquids, and gasses. With comparatively the lowest capital cost and highest operating efficiencies of any ALS, \\{PCPs\\} are the preferred artificial lift system for many CBM operations. Dewatering CBM wells with \\{PCPs\\} is a relatively routine operation that has been deployed successfully since the mid-1980s. The PC pump is composed of two components, the rotor and the stator. The rotor is manufactured from high strength steel and covered with a chrome layer 0.010 to 0.020 inches thick. The rotor is the only moving component of the pump. The stator has an internal helix shape molded into an elastomer compound that is chemically bonded to the inside of a steel tube. When the rotor is inserted into the stator, it creates a continuous seal line (compression/interference fit between the rotor and stator elastomer) that extends from the pump suction to discharge. This creates a series of identical, but separate, cavities that progress from the pump suction to the discharge as the rotor turns. Water production handling, gas production handling, critical tubing flow velocity, and pump landing depth are briefly discussed in this chapter

James F. Lea; Henry V. Nickens; Mike R. Wells

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Chapter 14 - Coal bed methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Methane adsorbed to the surface of coal is a very old issue with some new commercial ramifications. This explosive gas has made underground coal mines dangerous both from the risk of explosion and the possibility of an oxygen-poor atmosphere that wouldn't support life. The miner's main concern with coal bed methane (CBM) has been how to get rid of it. Techniques to deal with CBM in mines have ranged from the classic canary in a cage to detect an oxygen-poor atmosphere to huge ventilation fans to force the replacement of a methane-rich environment with outside air, to drilling CBM wells in front of the coal face to try to degas the coal prior to exposing the mine to the CBM. All these techniques have met with some amount of success. None of the techniques to prevent CBM from fouling the air in an underground mine has been totally successful. With the CBM's unique method of gas storage, the preponderance of the gas is available only to very low coalface pressures. The coalface pressure is set by a combination of flowing wellhead pressure and the hydrostatic head exerted by standing liquid within the well bore. Effective compression strategies can lower the wellhead pressure to very low values. Effective deliquification techniques can reduce or remove the backpressure caused by accumulated liquid. CBM's economic impact is briefly explained in this chapter.

James F. Lea; Henry V. Nickens; Mike R. Wells

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Chapter 9 - CAPEX and OPEX Expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter is dedicated to expenditures related to all investments that are made in advance and the operational expenses that will occur from the start up of production onward.

Luiz Amado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 3  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 3 provides information on EERE's communications and outreach efforts, including the Office of Technology Advancement and Outreach, the EERE board of directors, the Technology Development program offices, and the Project Management Center.

250

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 4  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 4 of this guide provides information on the stages of planning and planning guidelines. Includes information on EERE strategic planning, multi-year program planning and crosscutting planning, and annual operations planning.

251

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 8  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 8 of this guide provides information on the corporate planning system, the EERE information system, WinSAGA, electronic government, and other EERE information and business management tools.

252

Chapter 4: The Building Architectural Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Chapter 4 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide featuring schematic design, designing using computer simulations, design of high performance featurea and systems, daylighting, passive and active solar systems, and accommodating recycling activities.

253

Chapter 47 - Transportation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

7 - Transportation Chapter 47 - Transportation 47.1TransportationAirCharterServices0.pdf More Documents & Publications AcqGuide47pt1.doc&0; TEC Working Group Topic Groups...

254

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 7  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 7 of this guide includes general program analysis and evaluation concepts such as monitoring work performance, GPRA requirements, evaluation activities, and the EERE SMS program analysis and evaluation stage.

255

Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 - Contracting Qualifications Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications 9.4 - Contractor Responsibility Determinations 9.1ConflictofInterest0.pdf 9.2PerformanceGuarantees0.pdf...

256

Chapter_16_Equivalencies_and_Exemptions  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Another copy of the request is provided to AU-40 for inclusion in the HQ Site Security Plan. Chapter 16-2 If the request is not approved, the HQ Deviations Program Manager...

257

EERE Program Management Guide- Chapter 5  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Chapter 5 of this guide provides guidance on budget formulation, the field budget call, spring budget review, the DOE corporate program review budget, the OMB request, the congressional budget request, and the performance budget formulation stage.

258

Table of Contents Chapter and Content Pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Page 2 Table of Contents Chapter and Content Pages 1. Field Trip Itinerary ................................................................................. 7 4. Geologic Framework of the Netherlands Antilles 5. Coral Reefs of the Netherlands Antilles

Fouke, Bruce W.

259

QTR Webinar: Chapter 8- Industry and Manufacturing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE EERE Advanced Manufacturing Office hosted a QTR webinar to obtain input from Leaders in Academia, Industry, and Government on Chapter 8, Industry and Manufacturing, and the associated Technology Assessments.

260

Chapter 2 - Getting Familiar with Audio Signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to provide basic knowledge and techniques related to the creation, representation, playback, recording and storing of audio signals using MATLAB. In addition, short-term audio analysis is introduced here.

Theodoros Giannakopoulos; Aggelos Pikrakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A worldwide overview of superconductivity development efforts for utility applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress and prospects for the application of high temperature superconductivity to the electric power sector has been the topic of an IEA Implementing Agreement begun in 1990. The present task members are: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As a result of the Implementing Agreement, work has been performed by the Operating Agent with the full participation of all of the member countries. This work has facilitated the exchange of information among experts in all member countries and is the basis for much of the information contained in this paper. This paper summarizes progress toward application of high temperature superconductivity to devices for use in the electric power sector such as: fault-current limiters, cables, superconducting magnetic energy Storage, rotating machinery, transformers, and flywheels incorporating magnetic bearings. Such devices are being designed, built and tested throughout the world.

Giese, R.F.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Chapter 6 - Stage 3: Data Load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This chapter discusses the Data Load stage of the Guerrilla Analytics workflow. Data Load involves getting data from a receipt location (generally the file system) and loading it into the Data Manipulation Environment (DME). In this chapter, you will learn about the various activities that take place at Data Load. You will learn about the pitfalls and risks in these activities. You will then learn a number of practice tips to mitigate those risks.

Enda Ridge

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gasification of any carbonaceous or hydrocarbonaceous material is, essentially, the conversion of the carbon constituents by any one of a variety of chemical processes to produce combustible gases. The process includes a series of reaction steps that convert the feedstock into synthesis gas (syngas, carbon monoxide, CO, plus hydrogen, H2) and other gaseous products. This conversion is generally accomplished by introducing a gasifying agent (air, oxygen, and/or steam) into a reactor vessel containing the feedstock where the temperature, pressure, and flow pattern (moving bed, fluidized, or entrained bed) are controlled. The gaseous products – other than carbon monoxide and hydrogen – and the proportions of these product gases (such as carbon dioxide, CO2, methane, CH4, water vapor, H2O, hydrogen sulfide, H2S, and sulfur dioxide, SO2) depends on the: (1) type of feedstock, (2) the chemical composition of the feedstock, (3) the gasifying agent or gasifying medium, as well as (4) the thermodynamics and chemistry of the gasification reactions as controlled by the process operating parameters. In addition, the kinetic rates and extents of conversion for the several chemical reactions that are a part of the gasification process are variable and are typically functions of: (1) temperature, (2) pressure, and (3) reactor configuration, and (4) the gas composition of the product gases and whether or not these gases influence the outcome of the reaction. It is the purpose of this chapter to present descriptions of the various reactions involved in gasification of carbonaceous and hydrocarbonaceous feedstocks as well as the various thermodynamic aspects of these reactions which dictate the process parameters used to produce the various gases.

James G. Speight

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Chapter 12 - Security Risk Reviews  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the security risk review (SRR). The purpose of the SRR process is to identify areas where one's security standards are not being met. The focus initially should be on applications and supporting infrastructure that are most critical to the organization. This risk analysis process follows five high-level steps: assess resources, generate findings, analyze risk, risk decision, and risk exceptions. The goal with the SRR is to prioritize not only the resources being evaluated but also the importance of the standards themselves. The standard requiring a log of all guest accesses to the data center may be rightly deemed less critical than the requirement to have swipe card access to the data center. Reviews should be performed periodically or whenever new policies/standards are adopted by the organization. A fundamental control for any organization is a collection of security policies and standards that set the tone for how to operate the business securely. Once these are in place, the challenge then becomes how to assess the organization's current alignment with these standards and determine which gaps most urgently need to be addressed. This may sound like an audit function, but there is a very important distinction here: this process is meant to proactively prioritize those areas where a deviation from the standard might be acceptable and recognize the cases where such a divergence cannot be tolerated. Like many risk activities, the result will either be a formal acceptance of the current state or a plan to mitigate the risks. This is one of the fundamental on-going risk assessment activities that will help to gauge the security posture of the organization versus what controls might be documented on paper.

Evan Wheeler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Chapter 9 - Natural Gas Dehydration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural, associated, or tail gas usually contains water, in liquid and/or vapor form, at source and/or as a result of sweetening with an aqueous solution. Operating experience and thorough engineering have proved that it is necessary to reduce and control the water content of gas to ensure safe processing and transmission. Pipeline drips installed near wellheads and at strategic locations along gathering and trunk lines will eliminate most of the free water lifted from the wells in the gas stream. Multistage separators can also be deployed to ensure the reduction of free water that may be present. However, the removal of the water vapor that exists in solution in natural gas requires a more complex treatment. This treatment consists of “dehydrating” the natural gas, which is accomplished by lowering the dew point temperature of the gas at which water vapor will condense from the gas. There are several methods of dehydrating natural gas. The most common of these are liquid desiccant (glycol) dehydration, solid desiccant dehydration, and cooling the gas. Any of these methods may be used to dry gas to a specific water content. Usually, the combination of the water content specification, initial water content, process character, operational nature, and economic factors determine the dehydration method to be utilized. However, the choice of dehydration method is usually between glycol and solid desiccants. These are presented in depth in subsequent portions of this chapter. Keywords: absorber, adsorption isotherm, bed loading, chemisorption, dehydration, desiccant, desiccant regeneration, equilibrium zone, flash tank, flow distribution, glycol circulation pump, glycol dehydration, inlet feed contamination, liquid carryover, mass transfer zone, molecular sieve, overcirculation, reboiler, solubility, still, surge tank, undercirculation.

Saeid Mokhatab; William A. Poe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Chapter Two - Automated Extraction of GUI Models for Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A significant challenge in applying model-based testing on software systems is that manually designing the test models requires considerable amount of effort and deep expertise in formal modeling. When an existing system is being modeled and tested, there are various techniques to automate the process of producing the models based on the implementation. Some approaches aim to fully automated creation of the models, while others aim to automate the first steps to create an initial model to serve as a basis to start the manual modeling process. Especially graphical user interface (GUI) applications, including mobile and Web applications, have been a good domain for model extraction, reverse engineering, and specification mining approaches. In this chapter, we survey various automated modeling techniques, with a special focus on GUI models and their usefulness in analyzing and testing of the modeled GUI applications.

Pekka Aho; Teemu Kanstrén; Tomi Räty; Juha Röning

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Chapter 19 - Brain Tumor Genomics: Sequencing to Clinical Utility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classification of brain tumors has evolved from a morphological and histological basis to one that is now in keeping with the advances of modern technology consisting of novel molecular subgroups rooted in clinical outcome and risk stratification. In this chapter, we discuss recent and emerging genomic findings that may be of clinical utility in the foreseeable future for adult and pediatric glioblastoma, pediatric medulloblastoma, ependymoma, and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma. Moreover, limitations in the current molecular classification of these tumors are discussed with the brain tumor-initiating cell and cancer stem cell model as frameworks for future research efforts in identifying novel genomic alterations for better discerning the intratumoral heterogeneous landscape of these solid tumors as an avenue for developing tumor subgroup-specific targeted therapy.

Branavan Manoranjan; Parvez Vora; Chitra Venugopal; Sheila K. Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Kairos Consulting Worldwide Wins HUBZone Business of the Year Award at Small Business Forum & Expo  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kairos Consulting Worldwide, Chicago, IL, won the HUBZone Business of the Year Award at the Small Business Forum & Expo in Tampa, FL, on July 12, 2014.

269

Chapter 2 - Historical Development of the Gas Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of the gas turbine took place in several countries. Several different schools of thought and contributory designs led up to Frank Whittle’s 1941 gas turbine flight. The development of the gas turbine is a source of great pride to many engineers worldwide and, in some cases, takes on either industry sector fervor (for instance, the aviation versus land-based groups) or claims that are tinged with pride in one’s national roots. People from these various sectors and subsectors can therefore get selective in their reporting. So for understanding the history of the gas turbine, one would have to read several different papers and select material written by personnel from the aviation, and land-based sectors. This chapter covers three different accounts of the gas turbine’s development, each mainly a matter of perspective. “I only hope that we never lose sight of one thing—that it was all started by a mouse.” —Walt Disney

Claire Soares

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Chapter 3 - Hydrocarbons from Petroleum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Petroleum products (in contrast to petrochemicals) are those hydrocarbon fractions that are derived from petroleum and have commercial value as a bulk product. A major group of hydrocarbon products from petroleum (petrochemicals) are the basis of a major industry. They are, in the strictest sense, different to petroleum products insofar as the petrochemicals are the basic building blocks of the chemical industry. The specific gravity of product gases, including liquefied petroleum gas, may be determined conveniently by a number of methods and a variety of instruments. The heat value of gases is generally determined at constant pressure in a flow calorimeter in which the heat released by the combustion of a definite quantity of gas is absorbed by a measured quantity of water or air. A continuous recording calorimeter is available for measuring heat values of natural gases.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

13 CHAPTER XIII: PRICE ENDOGENOUS MODELING 13 CHAPTER XIII: PRICE ENDOGENOUS MODELING ................................................... 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 CHAPTER XIII: PRICE ENDOGENOUS MODELING 13 CHAPTER XIII: PRICE ENDOGENOUS MODELING.................................................................................................................... 16 #12;13.1 Introduction A common economic application of nonlinear programming involves price endogenous models. In the standard LP model, input and output prices or quantities are assumed fixed

McCarl, Bruce A.

272

EVLA Project Book, Chapter 1: Introduction EVLA Project Book, Chapter 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVLA Project Book, Chapter 1: Introduction EVLA Project Book, Chapter 1 EVLA Project Book for Phase II The goal of the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) Project is to improve most of the key, the Project was divided into two Phases. The objective of Phase I is to improve the sensitivity, bandwidth

Groppi, Christopher

273

Search Print this chapter Cite this chapter CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE SUN -EARTH SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including satellite-based communication and navigation systems. Extreme Space Weather events (vizSearch Print this chapter Cite this chapter CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE SUN - EARTH SYSTEM Ilya-Planck-Institut fr Sonnensystemforschung, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany Keywords: Space weather, Space climate, solar

Usoskin, Ilya G.

274

Software Engineering: A Practitioner's Approach,Software Engineering: A Practitioner's Approach, Chapter 4Chapter 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reproduction or use is expressly prohibited. The Manifesto forThe Manifesto for Agile Software DevelopmentAgile/e6/e Chapter 4Chapter 4 Agile DevelopmentAgile Development copyright © 1996, 2001, 2005 R Software Development "We are uncovering better ways of developing"We are uncovering better ways

Cukic, Bojan

275

Chapter 6 - Brake System Layout Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter brings together high-level braking system design (Chapters 3 and 4Chapter 3Chapter 4) and the design of friction brakes (Chapter 5) to complete the ’layout’ design of road vehicle braking systems. Two actuation systems are studied: hydraulic (used on passenger cars and light commercial vehicles) and pneumatic (used on heavy commercial vehicles). Other braking technologies (e.g. regenerative) and actuation systems (e.g. power hydraulic and electromechanical) are also mentioned. A four-step design procedure is presented, which includes designing the basic braking system parameters based on the vehicle configuration, specifying the brakes (size and torque capacity), designing the actuation system, and verification (legislative requirements). Examples are presented for a hydraulic system with a vacuum booster (passenger car) and a pneumatic system (articulated commercial vehicle), which illustrate the important features of achieving a good basic system configuration. In passenger cars, the importance of driver interface parameters such as pedal feel is explained, and for commercial vehicles, compatibility, load sensing, and predominance between the trailer and towing vehicle brake systems is discussed.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Observing nanoscience and technology worldwide Newsletter n2, February 2009 Stephan Roche www.nanotrendchart.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observing nanoscience and technology worldwide Newsletter n°2 of the 35 largest districts worldwide. Studying nano-districts gives a new view on nanoscience Data from 200 represented. Interestingly, al- though activity in nanoscience is concentrated in a limited number of areas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Chapter 5 - Seismic Attribute Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Seismic attributes are the geometry, kinematics, dynamics, and statistical characteristics of seismic waves, which are extracted or derived from prestack and poststack seismic data by mathematical transformation. For a long time, seismic data only have been used to track lineups of seismic waves in order to delineate the geometry and structural characteristics of oil and gas reservoirs. In fact, there is rich information about lithology, physical properties, and fluid composition hidden in seismic data. As we all know, the characteristics of the seismic signal are caused by petrophysical characteristics and its variability. Geoscientists need to do seismic attribute analyses and calibration in order to eliminate data distortion and dig out lithological and physical properties hidden in seismic data. Especially when people are eager to cognize the heterogeneity of lithological and stratigraphic reservoirs, the rich information about the spatial variability in seismic data seems more precious. In recent years, with the advancement of reservoir interpretation and the needs of three dimensional (3-D) seismic data analysis, scientists have found out more and more new attributes on the basis of conventional seismic attributes. At the same time, methods and means used for the calculation and analysis of seismic attributes are increasing. Seismic attribute analysis has been successfully applied in reservoir lithological prediction, hydrocarbon potential prediction, and reservoir property estimates.

Ming Li; Yimin Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - chapter Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter Tables Chapter Tables Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Chapter Tables Table 1. Estimated fuel economy for light-duty vehicles, based on proposed CAFE standards, 2010-2015 Table 2. State appliance efficiency standards and potential future actions Table 3. State renewable portfolio standards Table 4. Key analyses from "issues in Focus" in recent AEOs Table 5. Liquid fuels production in three cases, 2007 and 2030 Table 6. Assumptions used in comparing conventional and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles Table 7. Conventional vehicle and plug-in hybrid system component costs for mid-size vehicles at volume production Table 8. Technically recoverable resources of crude oil and natural gas in the Outer Continental Shelf, as of January 1, 2007

279

Chapter 4 Biotechnology and supporting companies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses companies dealing with molecular biology (MB), genetic engineering (GE), biocatalysis, and biotechnology (in general). The chapter is simply informative and is compiled as a source for the technologist pursuing development, selection, adoption, or licensing of a given biotechnology. Besides, it is also directed to project managers seeking to build a team, via alliances, partnerships, or simply complementing in an area where its own organization lacks the expertise. Services, outsourcing, contract research, joint ventures, alliances, or partnerships are ways of structuring different mechanisms to establish synergetic relationships among the companies in the biotechnological arena and the oil refiners. The refiner or refining technologist provides complementary options or partnerships to undertake a new development or to give a biological solution to an existing problem or need. The chapter shows the existence of a wide spectrum of companies that make available innovative technology, knowledge, and a deep expertise in a given area.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Chapter 31 - The Economics of Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recycling is generally considered an important strategy for alleviating the pressures of society on the environment while creating employment and attracting investments. In recent years, many countries have experienced large increases in recycling. This chapter aims to identify the main economic drivers of recycling, address the economic effects of recycling-related activities, and demonstrate the effectiveness of economic policies promoting recycling. The chapter demonstrates how recycling takes place in a volatile, dynamic, and globalizing world, which complicates the projections of future developments in the recycling sector. Moreover, the chapter describes which private and external costs of recycling-related activities need to be taken into account and how these effects can be valued in economic terms. Finally, the most important economic instruments to promote recycling are identified and explained.

Pieter van Beukering; Onno Kuik; Frans Oosterhuis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Chapter 3 - The Science of Air Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Air pollution is defined in various ways, with an introduction to numerous air pollutants in this chapter. The evolution of air pollution science, engineering, and technologies is discussed. The distinction between particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants is made. Particles are described physically, especially with regard to the importance of aerodynamic diameter in terms of human health effects. Stationary and mobile sources of air pollution are discussed, as well as the physical and chemical processes involved in chemical transformation and environmental fate. Air pollution engineering's evolution is considered. The chapter discusses in detail the development of air quality standards and the emergence of laws and regulations to address air pollution. The chapter concludes with a timeline of how air pollution has been perceived over history and how air pollution may change in the future.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Safety Basis Information System | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

basis type. Safety Basis Login Click on the above link to log in to the Safety Basis web interface. "RESTRICTED; access only to DOE and DOE contractors" Safety Basis Account...

283

Chapter 12 - Inter-Entity Transactions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

12 12 INTER-ENTITY TRANSACTIONS 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Purpose. The chapter establishes the principles and procedures of financing and accounting for costs of work performed by one DOE office or site/facility management contractor for another, and sets forth the policy governing property transfers to and from Federal agencies. Specific accounts to be used for transfers are further identified in the Standard General Ledger Chart of Accounts and Related Codes. b. Applicability. The provisions of this chapter apply to all Departmental elements except the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the Power Marketing Administrations (referred to hereafter as "offices") and to all DOE site/facility management contractors (referred to hereafter as

284

Chapter 02 - Administrative Control of Funds  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. Administrative Control of Funds 2-1 . Administrative Control of Funds 2-1 CHAPTER 2 ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL OF FUNDS 1. INTRODUCTION. a. Background/Authority. Title 31, section 1514, of the United States Code (31 U.S.C. 1514), Administrative Division of Apportionments, requires the Secretary of Energy to prescribe and carry out a system for administratively controlling funds. In compliance with this requirement, this chapter establishes the policy and general procedures for administrative control of funds within Department of Energy (DOE), and specifies the penalties that apply to persons who violate these procedures. Additional information regarding DOE's internal control requirements can be found in DOE O

285

Chapter 4: The Building Architectural Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: The Building : The Building Architectural Design Schematic Design Designing Using Computer Simulations Design of High Performance Features and Systems Designing for Daylighting Passive and Active Solar Systems Accommodating Recycling Activities LANL | Chapter 4 The Building Architectural Design Schematic Design Achieving a sustainable building requires a commitment from developing the initial F&OR documents through construction detailing and commissioning. Initial deci- sions, such as the building's location, general massing, and configuration profoundly affect the building's envi- ronmental impact and energy performance. Well- defined sustainable goals will guide the entire spectrum of decision-making throughout the design and con- struction process (see Chapter 2).

286

Chapter 30 - Nuclear Energy and Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Safety in nuclear industries is a very serious topic due to its greater accident consequence as seen in Chernobyl, and also due to the pictorial perceptions of nuclear accidents being similar to the Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear explosions. This chapter points out some important safety aspects of the nuclear industry. Beginning with the current laws and regulations of nuclear safety, this chapter reviews different types of nuclear reactors, nuclear waste treatment systems, reliability of nuclear system, operations of reactors, incident reporting, and a short review of previous accident history. Finally, historical Rasmussen reports are reviewed.

Sam Mannan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Chapter 8 - The history of nuclear energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter reviews the history related to nuclear energy beginning with scientific investigations in the late 1800s that led to the discovery of subatomic particles and both atomic and nuclear structure. Those research efforts spawned the discovery of fission. The Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb then accelerated the knowledge base of nuclear phenomena. After World War II, the Atomic Energy Commission was established and later the International Atomic Energy Agency. Research and development efforts led to the deployment of the first nuclear power plants. This chapter ends by addressing the controversies surrounding nuclear energy in the late twentieth century.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Milk Futures, Options and Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The milk futures and options market enables producers and processors to manage price risk. This publication explains hedging, margin accounts, basis and how to track it, and other fundamentals of the futures and options market....

Haigh, Michael; Stockton, Matthew; Anderson, David P.; Schwart Jr., Robert B.

2001-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

Basis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inhomogeneous systems such as the ones with curvature or zonal flows, and ability to use data from experimental diagnostics with limited spatial resolution. In this method, the...

290

CHAPTER 5-RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ore pitchblende was discovered in the 1750's near Joachimstal in what is now the Czech Republic. Used as a colorant in glazes, uranium was identified in 1789 as the active ingredient by chemist Martin Klaproth. In 1896, French physicist Henri Becquerel studied uranium minerals as part of his investigations into the phenomenon of fluorescence. He discovered a strange energy emanating from the material which he dubbed 'rayons uranique.' Unable to explain the origins of this energy, he set the problem aside. About two years later, a young Polish graduate student was looking for a project for her dissertation. Marie Sklodowska Curie, working with her husband Pierre, picked up on Becquerel's work and, in the course of seeking out more information on uranium, discovered two new elements (polonium and radium) which exhibited the same phenomenon, but were even more powerful. The Curies recognized the energy, which they now called 'radioactivity,' as something very new, requiring a new interpretation, new science. This discovery led to what some view as the 'golden age of nuclear science' (1895-1945) when countries throughout Europe devoted large resources to understand the properties and potential of this material. By World War II, the potential to harness this energy for a destructive device had been recognized and by 1939, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman showed that fission not only released a lot of energy but that it also released additional neutrons which could cause fission in other uranium nuclei leading to a self-sustaining chain reaction and an enormous release of energy. This suggestion was soon confirmed experimentally by other scientists and the race to develop an atomic bomb was on. The rest of the development history which lead to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 is well chronicled. After World War II, development of more powerful weapons systems by the United States and the Soviet Union continued to advance nuclear science. It was this defense application that formed the basis for the commercial nuclear power industry.

Marra, J.

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

Chapter 1 - What Is Nuclear Fusion?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reviews the history of nuclear fusion, and states how in the 20th century it became possible to split an atom through nuclear fission, or combine them together using nuclear fusion. Only in the early 20th century was it realized that nuclear fusion is the energy source that runs the universe and that simultaneously it is the mechanism responsible for creating all the different chemical elements in the world. The chapter talks about the Sun's energy, and points out how the work of Albert Einstein, Francis Aston, and Arthur Eddington led to the realization that the energy radiated by the sun and the stars is because of nuclear fusion. However, it was only after quantum mechanics was developed that a complete understanding of nuclear fusion came about. The chapter also discusses how researchers realized that mass can be turned into energy, especially Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, who demonstrated that the uranium atom could be split by bombarding uranium with neutrons, giving way to the release of a large amount of energy. Man-made suns are discussed next, reviewing the experiments done on attempts at harnessing fusion energy. Finally, the development of nuclear power plants is briefly discussed in the chapter.

Garry McCracken; Peter Stott

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Chapter 7 - Case Studies in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 7 examines a variety of cases of new pedagogic and technological approaches. In Brazil, the selected cases include: The Digital Educational Project in Piraí-RJ; The C.E.S.A.R and the 3Es: Engineering, Education and Entrepreneurship Project; The Veduca Educational Experiment; the Start-up Neoprospecta; and the Lemann Center for Education, Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

Ronaldo Mota; David Scott

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Chapter 6.14 PROPERTY MAINTENANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 6.14 PROPERTY MAINTENANCE Sections: 6.14.010 Findings. 6.14.020 Landscape Maintenance. 6 of landscaping and/or landscape maintenance on private property, including overgrown, dead, or decayed vegetation of the residents of the City of Riverside. (Ord. 6970 § 2, 2007) Section 6.14.020 Landscape maintenance. A

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

294

Chapter 15 - Hacking as a Career  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter examines the steps needed to obtain a job within the Information System Security profession, including that of a professional penetration testing engineer. Different methods of obtaining job experience, identifying the correct certifications needed to get into one’s desired profession, and organizing one’s career path are discussed.

Thomas Wilhelm

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Chapter 3 - Hacking the Smart Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the potential methods and motives behind an attack on the Smart Grid. Knowing who might attack the grid and how they might proceed is imperative for understanding how to defend it. Since the Smart Grid is such an important infrastructure component, this understanding is vital to its proper implementation and continued operation.

Eric D. Knapp; Raj Samani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

CHAPTER THREE Port regions and globalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 CHAPTER THREE Port regions and globalization CĂ©sar Ducruet Published in: Notteboom, T.E., Ducruet, C., De Langen, P.W. (Eds), Ports in Proximity: Competition and Coordination among Adjacent and urbanization, the general manager of the Port of Antwerp (Vleugels, 1969) expressed an optimistic view: "port

Boyer, Edmond

297

Chapter 13 -Firearms, Weapons, Destructive Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

53 Chapter 13 - Firearms, Weapons, Destructive Devices The Oregon Administrative Rules contain OAR Definitions (1) "Firearm" means a weapon or device, by whatever name known, which is designed to expel chemical action, and which is readily capable for use as a weapon. (2) "Weapon" means any knife having

298

Assembly Bill No. 1007 CHAPTER 371  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to Chapter 4 of Part 5 of Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to air pollution. [Approved on emissions of air contaminants for the control of air pollution from vehicular and nonvehicular sources responsibility for the control of vehicular air pollution. This bill would require that, not later than June 30

299

Chapter 11 - Regulatory and Political Risks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All major projects have political aspects (§11.2). The Project Company may therefore be subject to political risks relating to the project’s presence in a particular country and its relationship with the Host Government, rather than to the more general commercial and macro-economic risk aspects of the project covered in Chapter 9 and Chapter 10. These political risks are discussed in detail in this chapter. There are two main areas of risk relating to government actions: firstly ‘regulatory’ or ‘change in law’ risks (§11.3), which affect all projects to some extent, and secondly ‘investment’ risks (§11.4), which mainly affect cross-border project investments, primarily in developing countries. Linked to the latter are ‘quasi-political’ risks, which relate to government taking indirect action against the project (§11.5). This chapter also deals with the particular issues arising from ‘sub-sovereign’ risks— i.e. where the Offtaker/Contracting Authority is a state or local government instead of the central government (§11.6). Finally the terms for a Government Support Agreement, which may help to deal with the issues covered in §11.3–§11.6, are described (§11.7). Political-risk insurance may be available to cover these risks (§11.8).

E.R. Yescombe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Week 13: Chapter 13 Universal Gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Week 13: Chapter 13 Universal Gravitation Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Every particle placed near the small ones The angle of rotation was measured Law of Gravitation, cont's Third Law action-reaction pair Gravitation is a field force that always exists between two particles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Chapter 12: Materials James D. Idol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tuesday, August 10, 2004 5:04 PM #12;12-18 Chapter 12 Hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen cracking can occur in the presence of stress and a hydrogen source. Embrittlement results when hydrogen diffuses into the metal and/or acts on the crack tip altering the fracture toughness. Hydrogen cracking may be regarded

302

Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax 1 Lexical and Syntactic Analysis · Chomsky Grammar of a programming language is a precise description of all its grammatically correct programs. P i t fi t d ith Al l.) ­ Concrete syntax - rules for writing i t t t dexpressions, statements and programs. ­ Abstract syntax

Allan, Vicki H.

303

Chapter ??. Knowledge as infrastructure Ole Hanseth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter ??. Knowledge as infrastructure Ole Hanseth Introduction ICT solutions are often designed process because of the need for the construction and adoption of a lot of new knowledge. For example, new knowledge is required about the design of better business processes in various business sectors

Hanseth, Ole

304

Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Telemedicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Telemedicine The trend in medical imaging is increasing toward direct of medical information among different sites.1 It includes a wide and rapidly expanding array of technologies to patient records and be able to retrieve vital patient information in multiple formats. 1.2 Motivation

Qi, Xiaojun

305

DRAFT Chapter 3 Spatial Query Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the previous chapter, the relational model has limitations in e#11;ectively handling spatial data. Spatial data with object functionality. This e#11;ort has materialized into a new OR-DBMS standard for SQL: SQL3. Since we. The pictogram- enhanced ER diagram of the database and the example tables are shown in Figure 3.1 and Table 3

Shekhar, Shashi

306

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 24: Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 24: Training Quick Start Summary Product ID: 520-group.slac.stanford.edu/esh/eshmanual/references/trainingQuickstart.pdf 1 Who needs to know about these requirements The requirements of Training apply to all persons on-site, employees and non-employees, their SLAC

Wechsler, Risa H.

307

Introduction Faculty handbook -Chapter I ABOUT TRUMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Faculty handbook - Chapter I ABOUT TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Truman State University and students. In addition, the physical setting of the campus itself promotes the synergy of students, and Professional Science Master. PURPOSE OF HANDBOOK This Faculty Handbook is intended to serve as a guide

Gering, Jon C.

308

Chapter 1 --Introduction Introduction to the Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the oceans (DOE. 1994. Handbook of methods for the analysis of the various parameters of the carbon dioxide formed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to carry out the first global survey of carbon dioxide provided (Chapter 2) together with recommended values for the physical and thermodynamic data needed

309

Chapter 15 Mineral Resources and the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the materials. Responses to limited availability #12; Find more resources Find a substitute Recycle whatChapter 15 Mineral Resources and the Environment #12;Minerals found in a typical office #12; Mineral resources, human population, and modern society Resources and reserves Availability of mineral

Pan, Feifei

310

Chapter 13 Water Resources Hoover Dam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 13 Water Resources #12;Hoover Dam #12;The Colorado River Basin Population growth and removed by evaporation. Decrease or loss of vegetation due to climate change, wildfire, or land use affect the stream-channel form and processes. Vegetation Factors #12;Wildfire increases soil erosion

Pan, Feifei

311

Volume III, Chapter 3 Pacific Lamprey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volume III, Chapter 3 Pacific Lamprey #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.0 Pacific Lamprey (Lampetra ........................................................................................... 3-13 3.4.8 Ocean & Estuary Conditions................................................................................................................. 3-14 #12;PACIFIC LAMPREY III, 3-1 May 2004 3.0 Pacific Lamprey (Lampetra tridentata) The anadromous

312

z Transform Chapter Intended Learning Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

z Transform Chapter Intended Learning Outcomes: (i) Understanding the relationship between transform and the Fourier transform for discrete-time signals (ii) Understanding the characteristics and properties of transform (iii) Ability to compute transform and inverse transform (iv) Ability to apply

So, Hing-Cheung

313

Chapter 5 - Being Bold Versus being Overlooked  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses how the positive and negative aspects of social media campaigns and how information available through social networks may not necessarily be accurate or in good taste. A number of security issues related to getting information out to people and how these risks can be mitigated in a number of ways will also be discussed.

Michael Cross

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Chapter 7 - Audio Alignment and Temporal Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter focuses on audio analysis methods that take into account the temporal evolution of the audio phenomena. This is done by preserving the short-term nature of the feature sequences, in order to either create methods that align two feature sequences or build temporal audio representations using Hidden Markov Models.

Theodoros Giannakopoulos; Aggelos Pikrakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Chapter 10 - Novel Power Generating Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, some novel power generating systems are discussed. It is believed that sustainable thermal energy sources such as industrial waste heat recovery, concentrated solar radiation, ocean thermal energy, nuclear heat, and biomass combustion will gradually become more important. The first part of the chapter presents a novel system for power conversion from low-grade heat. This is an advanced ammonia–water-based power cycle able to operate with minimal exergy destruction due to an excellent match of temperature profiles at the heat source and sink. The chapter continues with thermoelectric power generators that can address the challenge of efficient power generation from high-grade thermal energy. Chemical looping combustion systems for power generation are treated thereafter for situations when carbon emissions must be reduced by carbon dioxide separation and sequestration or partial recycling. The last section of the chapter presents a number of selected novel systems for power generation, including magneto-hydrodynamic generators, thermoacoustic generators, and cryogenic compression oxy-combustion power plants with supercritical carbon dioxide and some novel integrated systems.

Ibrahim Dincer; Calin Zamfirescu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Plant Ecology -Chapter 2 Photosynthesis & Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Plant Ecology - Chapter 2 Photosynthesis & Light Photosynthesis & Light Functional ecology - how the structural context of their anatomy and morphology Photosynthesis & Light Functional ecology - closely-plant responses to their environment Photosynthesis & Light Photosynthesis is a "package deal" How much light

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

317

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts Govindjee J.F. Allen, E. Gantt, J.H. Golbeck, and B. Osmond (eds.), Photosynthesis. Energy from the Sun: 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis problems. Keywords Significance of photosynthesis, his- tory, students as molecules, web sites for teaching

Govindjee

318

Chapter 15 - Contracting by Negotiation | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Chapter 15 - Contracting by Negotiation Chapter 15 - Contracting by Negotiation 15.1 Source Selection Guide.pdf 15.2UnsolicitedProposals0.pdf 15.3EvaluationCriteria0.pdf...

319

Chapter 8: Modelling Sediment Records of Atmospherically Deposited Contaminants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

73 Chapter 8: Modelling Sediment Records of Atmospherically Deposited Contaminants 8.1. Catchment the Water Column...............................................79 8.3 Water Column to Bottom Sediment Transfer......................................80 #12;Chapter 8: Modelling Sediment Records... 74 8

Short, Daniel

320

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 9...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

9, Technical Surveillance Countermeasures 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 9, Technical Surveillance Countermeasures June 2014 2014 Headquarters...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 14, Cyber Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security Describes the DOE Headquarters Cyber Security Program.

322

Diabetic Nephropathy: Worldwide epidemic and effects of current treatment on natural history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diabetic nephropathy has become a worldwide epidemic, accounting for approximately one third of all cases of end-stage renal disease. With increasing prevalence of diabetes particularly in Asia, and a global p...

Peter Rossing MD; DMSC

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Recent worldwide reviews of wastewater irrigation have demonstrated the contribution this widespread, and often  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent worldwide reviews of wastewater irrigation have demonstrated the contribution. Policymakers and planners can maintain or increase the benefits of wastewater irrigation, while minimizing negative health and environmental impacts, by developing a realistic strategy for managing wastewater use

Scott, Christopher

324

Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer (2 Edition) 118  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 #12;Chapter 9 ­ Research & Technology Transfer (2 nd Edition) 118 Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer Goals Excellence in research and scholarly activity is a central tenet of the University the Office of Technology Transfer and the Business Engagement Center. Overview Most of this chapter examines

Michigan, University of

325

Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer (3 Edition) 118  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 #12;Chapter 9 ­ Research & Technology Transfer (3 rd Edition) 118 Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer Goals Excellence in research and scholarly activity is a central tenet of the University the Office of Technology Transfer and the Business Engagement Center. Overview Most of this chapter examines

Eustice, Ryan

326

Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer (4 Edition) 117  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

116 #12;Chapter 9 ­ Research & Technology Transfer (4 th Edition) 117 Chapter 9 Research & Technology Transfer Goals Excellence in research and scholarly activity is a central tenet of the University the Office of Technology Transfer and the Business Engagement Center. Overview Most of this chapter examines

Awtar, Shorya

327

7-9/99 Neuman Chapter 23 Nucleic Acids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7-9/99 Neuman Chapter 23 0 Chapter 23 Nucleic Acids from Organic Chemistry by Robert C. Neuman, Jr. Professor of Chemistry, emeritus University of California, Riverside orgchembyneuman@yahoo.com ://web.chem.ucsb.edu/~neuman/orgchembyneuman/> Chapter Outline of the Book

Reed, Christopher A.

328

4,5,9/99 Neuman Chapter 21 Organic Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4,5,9/99 Neuman Chapter 21 0 Chapter 21 Lipids from Organic Chemistry by Robert C. Neuman, Jr. Professor of Chemistry, emeritus University of California, Riverside orgchembyneuman@yahoo.com ://web.chem.ucsb.edu/~neuman/orgchembyneuman/> Chapter Outline of the Book

Reed, Christopher A.

329

Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 117 GIS Data Collection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 117 GIS Data Collection OVERVIEW This chapter reviews the main methods of GIS data capture and transfer and introduces key practical management issues. It distinguishes, OCR 9 #12;Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 118 OUTLINE 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Primary geographic data

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

330

Developing a tight gas sand advisor for completion and stimulation in tight gas reservoirs worldwide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPING A TIGHT GAS SAND ADVISOR FOR COMPLETION AND STIMULATION IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS WORLDWIDE A Thesis by KIRILL BOGATCHEV Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2007 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering DEVELOPING A TIGHT GAS SAND ADVISOR FOR COMPLETION AND STIMULATION IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS WORLDWIDE A Thesis by KIRILL...

Bogatchev, Kirill Y

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

Chapter Advisor E-mail Alpha Delta Pi Courtney O'Neill-Chapter Advisor courtneyoneill2004@yahoo.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter Advisor E-mail Alpha Delta Pi Courtney O'Neill- Chapter Advisor courtneyoneill2004@yahoo.com Alpha Delta Pi Kendra Stewart-On Campus stewartk@cofc.edu Alpha Epsilon Pi Alex Green - Chapter Advisor Magwood- Chapater Advisor graymag7@bellsouth.net Alpha Kappa Alpha Debbie Counts-On-Campus countsd

Kunkle, Tom

332

Book chapters 1. Gianluca Coletti, Daniel Macdonald and Deren Yang, Chapter 3, "Role of impurities in solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Book chapters 1. Gianluca Coletti, Daniel Macdonald and Deren Yang, Chapter 3, "Role of impurities. Published by Wiley (2012). 2. Andres Cuevas, Daniel Macdonald and Ronald A. Sinton, Chapter III-1 Castañer. Published by Elsevier, Oxford (2011). Journal articles 1. Daniel Macdonald, Sieu Pheng Phang

333

Chapter 1 - Nanotechnology and the Future of Dentistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of nanotechnology and its future applications in dentistry. In the field of medicine, nanotechnology has been applied in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases. Nanotechnology offers considerable scope in dentistry to improve dental treatment, care, and prevention of oral diseases. Nanotechnology has been in dentistry for tooth sealants and fillers that use nanosized particles to improve their strength, luster, and resist wear. Antimicrobial nanoparticles in restorative composite materials are used to prevent dental caries. Silver particles as antibacterial agents when used in fillers and toothpastes can retard bacterial growth and reduce tooth decay. It is envisaged that in the longer term biomimetic approaches and nanotechnology will be used to repair and rebuild damaged enamel. In near future, nanomaterials will be used far more widely and will yield superior properties and combined with biotechnology, laser and digital guided surgery will provide excellent dental care. Smarter preventive measures and earlier interventions to avert craniofacial disorders using nanodiagnostics seems a reality. Nanotechnology research will pave the way for development of tools which would allow clinicians to diagnose and treat oral malignancies at their earliest stage. Nanotechnology is a term that is used to describe the science and technology related to the control and manipulation of matter and devices on a scale less than 100nm in dimension. It involves a multidisciplinary approach involving fields such as applied physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, biomedical engineering, surface science, electrical engineering, and robotics. At the nanoscale level, the properties of matter are dictated and there are fewer boundaries between scientific disciplines. Generally, two main approaches have been used in nanotechnology. These are known as the “bottom-up” and “top-down” approaches. The former involves building up from atoms into molecules to assemble nanostructures, materials, and devices. The second approach involves making structures and devices from larger entities without specific control at the atomic level. Progress in both approaches has been accelerated in recent years with the development and application of highly sensitive instruments. For example, atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning tunnelling microscope (STM), electron beam lithography, molecular beam epitaxy, and so on have become available to push forward developments in this exciting new field. These instruments allow observation and manipulation of novel nanostructures. By investigating and understanding the functionality of materials at the micro/nanoscale level, the scientific community is working towards finding new techniques to achieve maximum functional output from these materials with minimum energy and resource input. Extensive research is being done worldwide to understand the advantages and scientific limitations of nanotechnology and its applications in a wide range of disciplines from material science, biomedical research to space research. In the field of medicine, nanotechnology has been extensively applied in nanoparticle-based drug delivery, nanoscale diagnostic tools, tissue engineering, and biosensors. In the field of dentistry, there have been numerous research work done over the past few decades exploring the applications of nanotechnology in dental biomaterials, dental implantology, dental instruments, nanoparticles/scaffolds for bone regeneration around dental implants and maxillofacial region, and nanodiagnostic tools to diagnose oral pathology. In this chapter, the applications of nanotechnology in dentistry have been outlined and are described in the subsequent chapters of this book.

K. Subramani; W. Ahmed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Chapter 6 - Nuclear-Powered Payload Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter introduces the concepts of Space Nuclear Power Systems (SNPSs), describes the history and nature of these ingenious energy-generating machines. The basic principles of the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) and the recently developed Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG) are explored and an account of their application in several extra-terrestrial missions is presented. Nuclear fission power as a promising alternative for future outer planet and extra-solar explorations is discussed. The flight safety review and launch approval processes for U.S., as well as the failures and accidents for U.S. and U.S.S.R. (Russian) nuclear powered space missions since 1961 are presented chronologically. A comprehensive probabilistic consequence analysis of all conceivable potential hazards associated with nuclear powered space flights is set out. The chapter concludes with how \\{SNPSs\\} must be designed with the built-in safety features to minimize accidents and to prevent radiation exposure.

Firooz A. Allahdadi; Sayavur I. Bakhtiyarov; Gregory D. Wyss; Gary F. Polansky; Joseph A. Sholtis; Curt D. Botts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Chapter 2 - Definitions of Cyber Terrorism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The term cyber terror appeared for the first time in the mid-eighties. Since then the notion has been misused a number of times by journalists and politicians. It does not help that cyber terror does not have a clear, agreed definition. This chapter first analyses the background of the confusion. Secondly, the chapter provides a definition of cyber terrorism which aligns with national definitions of terrorism. From this, it becomes clear that no act of cyber terror has yet occurred. We need to be prepared however as the increasing societal critical reliance on ICT will make ICT systems and services as well as embedded ICT an interesting target for future terrorists.

Eric Luiijf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Chapter 8 - Risk Analysis for Subsea Pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to apply risk-based inspection planning methodologies to pipeline systems, by developing a set of methods and tools for the estimation of risks using structural reliability approach and incidental databases, and to illustrate our risk based inspection and management approach through three examples, including risk analysis for a subsea gas pipeline, dropped object risk analysis and how to use RBIM to reduce operation costs. After outlining the constituent steps of a complete risk analysis methodology, it gives detailed information about each step of the methodology such that a complete risk analysis can be achieved. To get the final acceptable design/procedure, these steps are needed, including acceptance criteria, identification of initiating events, crude consequence analysis, cause analysis, quantitative cause analysis, consequence analysis and risk estimation. This chapter also gave a detailed guidance on evaluation of failure frequency, consequence, risk and risk-based inspection and integrity management of pipeline systems.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Chapter 28 - Air Quality Status and Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the condition of air quality, based on air pollutant concentrations, i.e. criteria pollutants, in airsheds around the world, as well as certain air toxics in urban areas and hot spots. The variability of pollutant concentrations in space and time are discussed, as well as differences in air pollution between more industrialized and economically developed regions vs developing nations. The status and trends of atmospheric concentrations of tropospheric ozone, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, carbon monoxide, lead, and particulate matter are discussed. Examples of air toxics include benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins, aldehydes, and metals, e.g. mercury. Regional and global trends include acid deposition, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, and climate change. Indoor air quality is discussed. The chapter concludes with a description of an air quality index.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Chapter 16 - Health, Safety and Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The goal of this chapter is to provide students with the basics of health, safety and environment (HSE) activities in conceptual process design. The first section describes the impact factors, associated toxicological and physical properties, as well as estimation methods assisted by computer simulation. These properties are gathered in a compulsory document for design, manufacturing and use of a chemical product that is the material safety data sheet. The most efficient treatment of HSE issues is at the conceptual design stage, when the process modifications have the strongest effect. The goal is achieving inherently safer design. The protection of the equipment by safety valves is shortly presented. This chapter ends with the most commonly employed methods in industry for the assessment and management of potential risks, such as the Dow Fire and Explosion Index and hazard and operability study.

Alexandre C. Dimian; Costin S. Bildea; Anton A. Kiss

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption and Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures This chapter analyzes trends in fuel economy, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures, using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, as well as selected data from other sources. Analysis topics include the following: Following the oil supply and price disruptions caused by the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974, motor gasoline price increases, the introduction of corporate average fuel economy standards, and environmental quality initiatives helped to spur major changes in vehicle technology. But have the many advances in vehicle technology resulted in measurable gains in the fuel economy of the residential vehicle fleet?

340

Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 52, entitled Air Quality: Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet's Department for Environmental Protection. Chapter 52 outlines the permitting requirements for all air pollution sources within the state;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Diffusion MR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstracts Developments in the last century have led to a better understanding of diffusion—the perpetual mixing of molecules caused by thermal motion. In this chapter, the basic principles governing the diffusion phenomenon and its measurement using magnetic resonance (MR) are reviewed. The concepts of the apparent diffusion coefficient and of the diffusion propagator as well as their MR measurements are introduced from basic principles. Finally, the influence of neural tissue microstructure on the diffusion-weighted MR signal is briefly discussed.

Peter J. Basser; Evren Özarslan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Chapter 8 - Pipeline External Corrosion Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore steel pipelines are normally designed for a life ranging from 10 years to 40 years. To enable the pipeline to last for the design life, the pipeline needs to be protected from corrosion both internally and externally. Internal corrosion is related to fluid that is carried by the pipeline, and this topic is not covered here. This chapter describes the method by which the external corrosion of offshore pipelines may be minimized.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Chapter 3 - Proteomics-Based Theranostics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Discovery of proteomic (proteome) biomarkers is helpful for early tumor diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Proteins present in blood released from diseased cells and surrounding tissues contain important biological information with the potential to transform early diagnostic, prognostic, therapeutic, and even preventative decisions in medicine. This chapter reviews the bioinformatics methods for proteomics biomarker discovery with related issues and the improved knowledge-based network biomarkers.

Guangxu Jin; Stephen T.C. Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Chapter 5 - Technologies for Coal Utilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with the technologies for coal utilization. Coal use in the United States had been primarily for iron and steel production, locomotives for transportation, and household heat. In addition, many chemicals, including medicines, dyes, flavorings, ammonia, and explosives were produced from coal. Coal is used in the industrial sector for producing steam and to a lesser extent electricity, and some chemicals are produced from coal. The chapter explores the technologies used for generating power, heat, coke, and chemicals and includes combustion, carbonization, gasification, and liquefaction, which have been referred to as the four “grand processes” of coal utilization. Advances in materials of construction, system designs, and fuel firing have led to increasing capacity and higher steam operating temperatures and pressures. In the United States, utilities typically choose between two basic pulverized coal-fired watertube steam generators: subcritical drum-type boilers with nominal operating pressures of either 1900 or 2600 psig or once-through supercritical units operating at 3800 psig advances. The chapter concludes by emphasizing on coal combustion, as this technology is the single largest user of coal.

Bruce G. Miller

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at Hanford. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with 10 CFR 835, DOELAP, DOE-RL, ORP, PNSO, and Hanford contractor requirements. The dosimetry system is operated by PNNL’s Hanford External Dosimetry Program (HEDP) which provides dosimetry services to all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee (HPDAC) which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL’s Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture (ERICA) database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

346

Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. CITE: 10USC7420 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7421 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7422 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7423 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7424 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7425 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7427 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7428 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7429 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7430 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7431 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7432 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

347

Chapter Five The Classification and Applications of Liquid Lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the classification and applications of liquid lubricants. As a result of technical developments, currently many types of lubricating oils and special fluids exist. The technical needs are expressed in various commercial criteria used for oil classification. The type of equipment, and its component parts, defines the basis of the oil classification; the operating conditions of the lubricated part provide other important criteria needed to define the characteristics required in the oil. The main oil classifications in terms of equipment are into engine oils, turbine oil, steam turbine oils, etc. Oils for various parts of the equipment include bearing oils, transmission oils, hydraulic oils, etc. Another classification system deals with the special requirements of certain industrial sectors. Thus, for example, textile oils, electrical insulating oils, quenching oils and oils for application in radioactive environments are specially manufactured and classified. Two-stroke gasoline engines used for powering four- and two-wheeled road vehicles, small boats, mowers, etc., can be classified in the context of lubrication under two groups: (1) engines with conventional lubrication systems and (2) engines with separate lubrication systems.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at Hanford. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with 10 CFR 835, DOELAP, DOE-RL, ORP, PNSO, and Hanford contractor requirements. The dosimetry system is operated by PNNL’s Hanford External Dosimetry Program (HEDP) which provides dosimetry services to all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee (HPDAC) which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. Rev. 0 marks the first revision to be released through PNNL’s Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture (ERICA) database. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Revision Log: Rev. 0 (2/25/2005) Major revision and expansion. Rev. 0.1 (3/12/2007) Minor revision. Updated Chapters 5, 6 and 9 to reflect change in default ring calibration factor used in HEDP dose calculation software. Factor changed from 1.5 to 2.0 beginning January 1, 2007. Pages on which changes were made are as follows: 5.23, 5.69, 5.78, 5.80, 5.82, 6.3, 6.5, 6.29, 9.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2007-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

349

The year open (energy) data went worldwide | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The year open (energy) data went worldwide The year open (energy) data went worldwide Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 9 March, 2010 - 10:39 imported OpenEI When we say that OpenEI is a Linked Data system, what does it really mean to you? In short, it means that OpenEI data can easily be connected to other data on the Web (in a standardized way). Okay, but what does that really mean to you? None other than the founder of the Web himself, Tim Berners-Lee, provided some examples to answer that question at a recent TED talk: TED 2010 Video: The year open data went worldwide And if you missed his talk from last year, it provides even more information on the importance of Linked Data: TED 2009 Video: Tim Berners-Lee on the next Web

350

A Report on Worldwide Hydrogen Bus Demonstrations, 2002-2007 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Report on Worldwide Hydrogen Bus Demonstrations, 2002-2007 A Report on Worldwide Hydrogen Bus Demonstrations, 2002-2007 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: A Report on Worldwide Hydrogen Bus Demonstrations, 2002-2007 Agency/Company /Organization: US DOT Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Analysis Tools Website: www.fuelcells.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/busreport.pdf From 2002-2007 > 20 cities in the US, Europe, China, Japan & Australia demonstrated buses powered by fuel cells or hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines. The resulting report analyzes lessons learned from the demonstrations, identifies key remaining challenges for introduction of the technology, & suggests potential roles for government in supporting commercialization of fuel cell buses. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

351

Chapter 4 - Low tech wireless hacking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents the reader with a variety of attacks and countermeasures for wireless technologies in the home and office by applying a technical approach to low tech hacking. These attacks fall in five primary categories: denial of service and availability, backdoors and cracks, rogue exploits, default vulnerabilities, and attacks on specific security tools. Wireless is a broad topic, with a variety of implementations throughout the world and in every facet of life. Wireless ploys bestowed range from disrupting municipal Wi-Fi with an antenna attack to bypassing access control systems with simple spoofing attacks. In the great world of wireless hacking, there are even a few low tech hacks that can bypass very specific higher tech security mechanisms. Several ways of bypassing media access control (MAC) filtering, port security, and even some of the newer network access control (NAC)-based controls are also discussed. It does no good to hermetically seal the windows in an organization if the doors are left wide open. But that is precisely what many organizations are doing today when they neglect to secure their wireless communications systems. Organizations habitually overlook the security of their wireless communications because they cannot see it. If they cannot see it, then they presume that no one else can either, and it is safe. However, that presumption cannot be farther from the truth. This chapter is dedicated to thwarting wireless systems of all types, armed with everything from a bobby pin to a yagi antenna. The goal of this chapter is to enable readers to “see” wireless, by explaining how it works, describing different types of devices that share common mediums and functionality, and offering clear explanations of security vulnerabilities using real-world examples. The attacks included are part of the low tech hacking subgenre of wireless assaults.

Jack Wiles; Terry Gudaitis; Jennifer Jabbusch; Russ Rogers; Sean Lowther

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Chapter_13_Controlled_Unclassified_Information  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 3 Controlled Unclassified Information This chapter describes the security procedures adopted by DOE HQ to implement the requirements of the following DOE regulations and directives: 10 CFR Part 1017, Identification and Protection of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information DOE Order 471.1B, Identification and Protection of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information DOE Order 471.3, Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information DOE Manual 471.3-1, Manual for Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information Within DOE, Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) refers to unclassified information identified and marked as sensitive. CUI also describes information identified and safeguarded under Executive Order 13556, CUI.

353

Chapter 7: Landscape Design and Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Landscape : Landscape Design and Management Landscape Issues at LANL Stormwater Management Using Water Outdoors Parking Pavement Landscape Vegetation Exterior Lighting LANL | Chapter 7 Landscape Design and Management Landscape Issues at LANL Once the site analysis has been completed, design scheme alternatives have been developed and evalu- ated, and the building footprint and placement have been determined, design and specifications can be refined for the landscape surrounding the building. Several key elements of the landscape design are addressed in this section: Stormwater management Using water outdoors Parking pavement Landscape vegetation Exterior lighting The first four of these elements are linked by their impacts on water. The Laboratory is located in an area

354

Chapter 23 - Polymeric Biomaterials in Nanomedicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Polymeric nanomaterial-based therapeutics play a key role in the field of medicine in treatment areas such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. Advantages in the use of polymers over other materials for nanomedicine include increased functionality, design flexibility, improved processability, and, in some cases, biocompatibility. However, with the excitement surrounding the use of nanomaterials for therapeutic and diagnostic biological applications, there are also health and safety concerns. This chapter introduces nanomedicine and the use of both natural and synthetic polymeric biomaterials, focuses on specific current polymeric nanomedicine applications and research, and concludes with the challenges of nanomedicine research.

Brittany L. Banik; Justin L. Brown

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Chapter 1 - The Health Care Landscape  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 1 is an introduction to current issues in health care with a focus on strategies to advance person-centered care—primarily but not exclusively in mental health and substance abuse service as well as integrated health care delivery systems. Treatment planning can help to assure the individual’s experience of care as individualized and person-centered, but this must be understood in the context of the service delivery system. Topics include the meaning of person-centeredness, whole health and mental health/primary care integration, shared decision making, the Wagner care model, health care reform, medical necessity, workforce challenges and trauma-informed care.

Neal Adams; Diane M. Grieder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Chapter 14 - Pipeline Flow Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Risk assessment is the process of assessing risks and factors influencing the level of safety of a project. It involves researching how hazardous events or states develop and interact to cause an accident. The risk assessment effort should be tailored to the level and source of technical risk involved with the project and the project stage being considered. The assessment of technical risk will take different forms in different stages of the project. Pipeline flow risk mainly includes fluid leakage and blockage happening in the pipelines. This chapter describes the application of Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) for the blockage in the oil and gas pipelines.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Chapter 30 - The Marketing of Fashion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the principles of marketing and the marketing mix. Emphasis is on market research and the Four C's – consumer, cost, convenience and communication. The symbiotic relationship between the fashion design and marketing process is illustrated. Branding and its importance in targeting consumers are introduced. New technological developments are discussed as marketing media channels alongside traditional media channels. Promotional ideas are illustrated through two contrasting case studies. Commercial case studies in fashion, technology and digital marketing also support the marketing principles. Fashion forecasting material is introduced to help develop relevant fashion collections for relevant markets into the future.

K. McKelvey

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Chapter 1 - Cancer Theranostics: An Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cancer theranostics combines cancer diagnosis and cancer therapy, aiming for early diagnosis, accurate molecular imaging, and precise treatment at the right timing and proper dose, followed by real-time monitoring of treatment efficacy. This chapter provides an overview of the state-of-the-art of cancer theranostics from the selection of genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic biomarkers, applying molecular imaging techniques for in vivo measurement of cancer hallmarks, image-guided cancer interventions, citing examples of theranostic platforms triggered by light, magnetism, and sound to the design of nanoparticle platforms for codelivery of imaging labels and therapeutic drugs. The challenges of clinical translation of cancer theranostic approaches are also discussed.

Xiaoyuan Chen; Stephen T.C. Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Chapter 9 - The Third Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses the third law of thermodynamics. The historical development of the Nernst heat theorem, which is the forerunner of the third law, is described first. The third law is presented and its consequences are discussed. The different possible contributions to the entropy of a material (e.g., configurational, electronic, isotopic, magnetic, nuclear, order–disorder, Schottky, thermal) are also described. The calculation of absolute entropies from heat capacity data is described and the Gibbs function is introduced. The use of the third law for computing Gibbs free energies of reaction from calorimetric data is illustrated with worked examples.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Climate shaped the worldwide distribution of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...association with temperature, which appear...shape the current distribution of mtDNA sequences...selection|climate|temperature|human evolution...affecting mtDNA, with temperature being highlighted...Gyllensten 2007; Sun et al. 2007...directly modelling the distribution of worldwide mitochondrial...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Spring 2011 Rube Goldberg's humerous cartoons have inspired students world-wide to have fun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2011 Rube Goldberg's humerous cartoons have inspired students world-wide to have fun, the undergraduates built their Rube Goldberg machine at the Learning Factory in the spring. Apart from the lumber an Archimedes screw to drive the water uphill, a Thompson's coil to activate a switch, and a diet coke

Demirel, Melik C.

362

For a Worldwide Leading Industrial Automation Company, we are looking for : Embedded Software Development Engineer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/skill · Heat radiation technology knowledge/skill · EMI suppression knowledge/skill · Safety Standard knowledgeFor a Worldwide Leading Industrial Automation Company, we are looking for : Embedded Software contribution to the complete development process, from concept, planning and embedded software designs

Segatti, Antonio

363

A worldwide survey of haplotype variation and linkage disequilibrium in the human genome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from 52 populations in the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP)-Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme HumainA worldwide survey of haplotype variation and linkage disequilibrium in the human genome Donald F & Jonathan K Pritchard1 Recent genomic surveys have produced high-resolution haplotype information, but only

Jakobsson, Mattias

364

Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide. Not only are water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide, to conserve. Utilities often use price structure and other demand side management tools to send a conservation be defined as the time period between billing. Most water utilities either use monthly (once a month), or bi

Mangel, Marc

365

Database specification for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Database Specification for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB) describes the database organization and storage allocation, provides the detailed data model of the logical and physical designs, and provides information for the construction of parts of the database such as tables, data elements, and associated dictionaries and diagrams.

Faby, E.Z.; Fluker, J.; Hancock, B.R.; Grubb, J.W.; Russell, D.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Loftis, J.P.; Shipe, P.C.; Truett, L.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Research Data Alliance (RDA) Accelerating Data Sharing and Exchange World-wide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Data Alliance (RDA) ­ Accelerating Data Sharing and Exchange World-wide Data Data Alliance (RDA) is an emerging international organization whose goal is to accelerate data-driven research and discovery. The Research Data Alliance is being formed to facilitate such efforts. Germinating

Varela, Carlos

367

Chapter 3. Vehicle-Miles Traveled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Vehicle-Miles Traveled 3. Vehicle-Miles Traveled Chapter 3. Vehicle-Miles Traveled Vehicle-miles traveled--the number of miles that residential vehicles are driven--is probably the most important information collected by the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. Using the data on vehicle-miles traveled allows analysts to answer such questions as: "Are minivans driven more than passenger cars?" "Do people in the West drive more than people elsewhere?" "Do people conserve their new cars by driving them less?" "Who drives more--people in households with children, or other people?" "At what ages do people drive the most?" "How does growing income affect the amount of driving?" In addition to answering those kinds of questions, analysts also use the number of vehicle-miles traveled to compute estimated, on-road vehicle fuel consumption, economy, and expenditures, all of which have important implications for U.S. energy policy and national security (see Chapter 4).

368

Chapter 9 - LNG Safety and Security Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry has an excellent safety record. This is due in large part to the combination of industry practice and regulations that are in place to prevent incidents from occurring and to reduce or mitigate the impacts of incidents if they occur. For decades, the LNG industry has also maintained secure operations around the world, including in areas where terrorism is a concern. Even so, the safe and environmentally sound operation of the LNG facilities, both ships and terminals, is a concern and responsibility shared by operators. Hazards in handling LNG and natural gas do exist and it is important not to understate or exaggerate them. This chapter explores hazards associated with and safety features designed for the unusual characteristics of LNG. Also summarized here are regulations governing LNG and a wide framework of various risk assessment methods applicable to LNG shipping and export/import terminals, both onshore and offshore. A compilation is included of accident frequencies for LNG carriers per ship year. Examples are provided of risk analysis for specific ports. Innovative applications of risk analysis are treated, along with current research findings. This chapter also discusses the growing concerns over LNG infrastructure security, some factors associated with security, and recent initiatives undertaken to analyze and improve security.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

CHAPTER 3 - Hacking as a Career  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on hacking as a career and discusses how one can develop a career as a penetration tester. Penetration testing expertise can be narrowed down into three different fields: networks, systems, and applications. Penetration testers with a network architecture background can identify deficiencies in a large variety of network designs, penetration testers who specialize in system administration often expand the knowledge of an operating system by learning about things such as secure communication protocols, file sharing, directory services, system hardening, backup processes, and more. Penetration testers who specialize in application and databases typically understand what it takes to create applications and how they interact with databases. The chapter offers information on some of the certifications of information systems security (ISS), such as the (ISC)2, the (ISC)2 CBK, Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP), Certification and Accreditation Professional (CAP), Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional (CSSLP), and CISSP–ISSEP. Certifications are helpful in employment and government related exams and contracts. There are a variety of information security organizations that disseminate news about the happenings within the industry, including local and national associations. Many security conferences provide training opportunities, while some mailing lists provide the latest in news and vulnerabilities related to information security.

Thomas Wilhelm

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Chapter 1 - Recent Advances in Web Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Web applications have become key assets of our society, which depends on web applications for sectors like business, health-care, and public administration. Testing is the most widely used and effective approach to ensure quality and dependability of the software, including web applications. However, web applications are special as compared to traditional software, because they involve dynamic code creation and interpretation and because they implement a specific interaction mode, based on the navigation structure of the web application. Researchers have investigated approaches and techniques to automate web testing, dealing with the special features of web applications. This chapter contains a comprehensive overview of the research carried out in the last 10 years to support web testing with automated tools. We categorize the works available in the literature according to the specific web testing phase that they address. In particular, we first of all consider the works aiming at building a navigation model of the web application under test. In fact, such a model is often the starting point for test case derivation. Then, we consider the problem of input generation, because the traversal of a selected navigation path requires that appropriate input data are identified and submitted to the server during test execution. Metrics are introduced and used to assess the adequacy of the test cases constructed from the model. The last part of the chapter is devoted to very recent advancements in the area, focused on rich client web applications, which demand a specific approach to modeling and to test case derivation.

Paolo Tonella; Filippo Ricca; Alessandro Marchetto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Chapter 8 - Algae Oils as Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biologically produced fuels are considered potential and viable alternatives to meet the world’s fuel requirements. In this context, algal-based oil is of significant importance due to its renewable and carbon-neutral nature. Biosynthesis of triglycerides by utilizing CO2 (by biofixation) or wastewater under stress conditions via photoautotrophic, heterotrophic (photo/dark), or mixotrophic mechanisms enumerates the potential of microalgae for generation of renewable biodiesel. In addition to the algal cultivation, the conversion of the accumulated lipids to biodiesel is gaining considerable interest. Though there exist some constraints, the process of harnessing biofuel from microalgae is both economically viable and environmentally sustainable compared to the other oil-producing terrestrial crops. This chapter explores biofuel production using microalgae. Concerted efforts are made in this chapter to discuss the biochemistry pertaining to algal lipid synthesis, nutritional modes of algae, cultivation systems used for algal oil production, and the cascade of steps involved, from biomass cultivation to transesterification of the fuel. The ability of microalgae to capture CO2 and its survivability in wastewater is also elaborated in the context of lipid synthesis.

S. Venkata Mohan; M. Prathima Devi; G. Venkata Subhash; Rashmi Chandra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Chapter 6 - Marketing and Other Matters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A reputation for effective work and for providing a needed service to your community's patients are two basic elements upon which marketing can be built. However, we all need to look at additional ways to get the word out about who we are, what we do, and why people benefit from engaging our services. You will learn how to best use marketing strategies, since these are essential ways for your skills to become known to your community. Periodic in-service presentations are an excellent means for educating colleagues and keeping them current about who you are and what you do. Personnel changes and institutional needs may shift; you will be most effective if you are aware of the challenges currently facing companies or clinics so you can be actively involved in creating solutions. This chapter also includes practical advice (and two Appendices P and Q) for developing marketing letters. It reviews additional ways we can make offer seminars, workshops, or other presentations to become better known in your community. This chapter offers suggestions for making individual contact with physicians, psychologists, nurse case managers, vocational rehabilitation counselors, and other rehabilitation clinicians, in order to learn more what they might need from us and how we might provide services they need.

Mary Pepping

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Chapter 3 - The First Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter briefly reviews the history of some of the key experiments and ideas that led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics. Then the first law is presented and some of its implications discussed. At this time several new variables are introduced: internal energy (E), which is a state function; work (w) and heat (q), which are path-dependent functions; enthalpy (H), which is a state function; and the constant-pressure and constant-volume heat capacities (CP and CV). Pressure-volume work, indicator diagrams, and the concept of reversibility are described. Then the first law is applied to reversible processes involving ideal gases (e.g., isothermal, isobaric, isochoric, and adiabatic changes of state). The different amounts of work done by reversible and irreversible processes are described. The thermal structure of convective regions of planetary atmospheres is described and the dry (i.e., cloud-free) adiabatic lapse rate is derived. The chapter closes with a discussion of other types of work (e.g., chemical, electrochemical, gravitational, magnetic, and mechanical).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Chapter 5 - Solar Water-Heating Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 5 is on solar water-heating systems. Both passive and active systems are described. Passive systems include thermosiphon and integrated collector storage systems. The former include theoretical performance of thermosiphon solar water heaters, reverse circulation in thermosiphon systems, vertical against horizontal tank configurations, freeze protection, and tracking thermosiphons. Subsequently, active systems are described, which include direct circulation systems, indirect water-heating systems, air water-heating systems, heat pump systems and pool heating systems, which include the analysis of various heat losses like evaporation, radiation, convection heat losses, make-up water load, and solar radiation-heat gain. Then the characteristics and thermal analysis of heat storage systems for both water and air systems are presented. The module and array design methods are then described and include the effects of shading, thermal expansion, galvanic corrosion, array sizing, heat exchangers, pipe and duct losses, partially shaded collectors and over-temperature protection—followed by an analysis of the characteristics of differential thermostats. Finally, methods to calculate the hot water demand are given as well as a review of international standards used to evaluate the solar water heaters performance. The chapter includes also simple system models and practical considerations for the setup of solar water-heating systems, which include: pipes, supports and insulation; pumps; valves and instrumentation.

Soteris A. Kalogirou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Fees Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Division of Waste Management This chapter establishes the permitting standards for solid waste sites or facilities, the standards applicable to all solid waste sites or

376

Alaska Administrative Code - Title 11, Chapter 195 - Anadromous...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

95 - Anadromous Fish Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Alaska Administrative Code - Title 11, Chapter 195 -...

377

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 17...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

7, Headquarters Security Officer Program 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 17, Headquarters Security Officer Program June 2014 2014 Headquarters...

378

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 4...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4, FOCI, Facility Clearances, and Classified Contract Registration 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 4, FOCI, Facility Clearances, and Classified Contract...

379

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 11...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

11, Incidents of Security Concern 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 11, Incidents of Security Concern October 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master...

380

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 8...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8, Operations Security Program 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 8, Operations Security Program June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security...

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 16...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6, Equivalencies and Exemptions 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security...

382

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 10...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0, Security Awareness Program 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 10, Security Awareness Program June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan...

383

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 5...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5, Classified Matter Protection and Control 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 5, Classified Matter Protection and Control June 2014 2014 Headquarters...

384

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 2...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2, Limited Areas, Vault-Type Rooms and Temporary Limited Areas 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 2, Limited Areas, Vault-Type Rooms and Temporary Limited...

385

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 12...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2, Special Access Programs 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 12, Special Access Programs June 2014 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan -...

386

Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 78 Underground Storage...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Underground Storage Tanks Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 78...

387

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 6, Foreign Interaction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6, Foreign Interaction Describes DOE Headquarters procedures for approving foreign national visitors and assignees and travel to foreign countries.

388

Chapter 50 - Extraordinary Contractual Actions and the Safety...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Acquisition Guide Chapter 50.1- Extraordinary Contractual Actions (January 2009) Source Selection Guide Comments and recommendations on Notice of Inquiry re Price-Anderson Act...

389

Chapter 2: Whole-Buildling Design | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4: The Building Architectural Design Chapter 1: Sustainable Development--What and Why? Procuring Architectural and Engineering Services for Energy Efficiency and Sustainability...

390

Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 70 Water Quality...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 70 Water Quality StandardsLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1997 Legal Citation Alaska...

391

Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 50 Air Quality Control...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 18 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 50 Air Quality ControlLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2004 Legal Citation Alaska...

392

Chapter 07 - Advances, Prepaid Expenses, and Other Assets  

Energy Savers [EERE]

contractors shall follow the applicable standards and procedures as specified in this handbook if provided in their contracts. The provisions in chapter do not apply to advances...

393

MagLab - Science in Literature: Chapter Books  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Books Chapter books for intermediate grades and middle school provide a rich source of science-related material. Students will make their own connections to classroom science and...

394

Chapter 9 of the Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyoming Public Service Commission Regulations: General Forms Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Chapter 9 of...

395

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Demand-Side Resources Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

396

Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Demand-Side Resources Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

397

Chapter 5: Basic Concepts for Clean Energy Unsecured Lending...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Funds revfinalv3ch05basicconceptsdec9.pdf More Documents & Publications Path to Self-Sustainability Chapter 5. Basic Concepts for Clean Energy Unsecured Lending and Loan Loss...

398

Chapter 4: Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Book Section: Chapter 4: Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods Author NA...

399

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 15, Outprocessing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 15, Outprocessing Describes DOE Headquarters procedures for completing required security actions by departing employees and contractors.

400

Title 11 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 93 Water Management...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Code Chapter 93 Water Management Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 11 Alaska Administrative Code...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

BASIS Equipment | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Equipment Equipment BASIS Schematic Schematic of the SNS Backscattering Spectrometer. Helium dewer cooling a sample Helium dewer cooling a sample (bird's eye view). The heart of the work in a typical experiment is setting up the sample in the desired environment. A typical neutron sample ranging from a millimeter to a few centimeters is placed in a specialized cylindrical can and sealed. For liquids, the backscattering instrument often uses an annular can, created by placing a smaller can within a larger can and inserting the liquid sample between the two cans. This picture shows a helium dewer cooling the environment encompassing the sample can, which has been lowered into the beam from the top of the scattering tank. Crystals Crystals. The backscattering spectrometer is defined by the reflection of specific

402

BASIS Set Exchange (BSE): Chemistry Basis Sets from the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Basis Set Library  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Basis Set Exchange (BSE) provides a web-based user interface for downloading and uploading Gaussian-type (GTO) basis sets, including effective core potentials (ECPs), from the EMSL Basis Set Library. It provides an improved user interface and capabilities over its predecessor, the EMSL Basis Set Order Form, for exploring the contents of the EMSL Basis Set Library. The popular Basis Set Order Form and underlying Basis Set Library were originally developed by Dr. David Feller and have been available from the EMSL webpages since 1994. BSE not only allows downloading of the more than 200 Basis sets in various formats; it allows users to annotate existing sets and to upload new sets. (Specialized Interface)

Feller, D; Schuchardt, Karen L.; Didier, Brett T.; Elsethagen, Todd; Sun, Lisong; Gurumoorthi, Vidhya; Chase, Jared; Li, Jun

403

Chapter 4 - Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, hydrogen and fuel cell systems are introduced. Hydrogen is closely related to fuel cells because fuel cells are very efficient devices for power generation which when supplied with hydrogen generate non-polluting effluents, mainly water or steam. A hydrogen economy is necessary in the context of continuous growth of population and per-capita energy consumption. In this context, renewable energy solutions—especially solar—become more important and their harvesting requires hydrogen as energy carrier. Therefore the role of hydrogen and fuel cell systems in power generation becomes very important. As detailed in the chapter, these systems are useful for converting the fluctuating and intermittent energy of renewable sources and providing power on demand. Hydrogen and fuel cell systems can work either as grid-connected or as independent power generators. Connection to the grid allows for better load leveling and major savings as well as for reduction of pollution associated with power generation. Hydrogen can also be used to power residences and to cogenerate heat or other commodities. In addition, hydrogen and fuel cell technologies are much required for the transportation sector, where they can contribute to pollution and cost reduction and increased efficiency. Hydrogen production methods are reviewed in this chapter with a focus on electrolysis and thermochemical cycles. These systems appear to be leading technologies for the future. Other revised hydrogen production methods are gasification and reforming, which are very relevant for biomass conversion into hydrogen. Photochemical and photo-biochemical hydrogen production methods are also discussed. All types of fuel cells are introduced; these include alkaline, proton-exchange-membrane, phosphoric acid, molten carbonate, solid oxide, direct methanol, and direct ammonia fuel cells. Construction and specific application for power generation are presented for each type. The modeling and optimization aspects of fuel cells and their systems are explained. Several power generation systems with fuel cells are discussed, in which each type of fuel cells has specific system requirements. The overall system must include various types of separators, pumps, and compressors depending on the case. In aqueous systems water must be recycled, e.g., in the case of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells water must be actually fed in excess so that the membrane is wetted. Also for a direct methanol fuel cell water must be recovered and recycled. In molten carbonate fuel cell systems carbon dioxide must be recovered and recycled. In solid oxide fuel cell systems, the fuel must be supplied in excess and is not completely consumed; therefore it is important to couple these systems with gas turbines.

Ibrahim Dincer; Calin Zamfirescu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

EERE Program Management Guide - Chapter 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EERE Communications and Outreach EERE Communications and Outreach 3.1 EERE Communications and Outreach Overview This chapter will discuss how Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) communicates its technological successes, initiatives, and programs to the American public, industry sectors, Congress, and other stakeholders. EERE communications and outreach consist of the following EERE organizations and vehicles: the Office of Technology Advancement and Outreach (TAO), Board of Directors (BOD), Technology Development Communications and Outreach (C&O), and the Project Management Center (PMC) Intergovernmental Projects and Outreach Offices. The Office of TAO organization and its relationship to the other elements are shown in Figure 3.1-1. Figure 3.1-1 The Office of Technology Advancement and Outreach Organization Chart

405

Chapter_11_Incidents_of_Security_Concern  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Incidents of Security Concern This chapter covers the DOE HQ implementation of DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program, Attachment 5, Incidents of Security Concern. HS-91 manages the HQ Security Incidents Program. Incidents of Security Concern (henceforth referred to as Incidents) are actions, inactions, or events that are believed to: * Pose threats to national security interests and/or DOE assets * Create potentially serious or dangerous security situations * Significantly affect the safeguards and security program's capability to protect DOE safeguards and security interests * Indicate failure to adhere to security procedures * Reveal that the system is not functioning properly, by identifying and/or mitigating potential threats (e.g., detecting suspicious activity, hostile acts, etc.).

406

Chapter_10_Security_Awareness_Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 0 Security Awareness Program This chapter describes the DOE HQ Security Awareness Program. It implements the requirements of: * Title 32, CFR, Part 2001, Classified National Security Information * Executive Order 13526, Classified National Security Information * DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program, Appendix B. Section 3 * DOE Order 475.2A, Identifying Classified Information * DOE Order 475.1, Counterintelligence Program The Security Awareness Program Manager, within HS-92, manages the HQ security awareness program. The goal of the HQ Security Awareness Program is to assist Federal and contractor employees in understanding DOE security requirements, their individual security responsibilities, and security procedures specific to HQ. This goal is accomplished by providing HQ employees

407

Chapter_9_Technical_Surveillance_Countermeasures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 9 Technical Surveillance Countermeasures This chapter covers the TSCM Program in place at DOE HQ to fulfill the requirements of DOE Manual 470.4-4A, Information Security Manual, Section D-Technical Surveillance Countermeasures (hereafter called the TSCM Manual), which is OUO and therefore is not available electronically through the DOE directives system website. A copy of the TSCM Manual is available through the Points of Contact listed below or by requesting a copy through the DOE directives system. It is distributed only to those authorized to receive OUO information. Certain TSCM procedures and activities are OUO or classified and thus are not included in the HQFMSP. The HQ Technical Security Program is assigned to HS-1.2. The TSCM Program Manager

408

Chapter_12_Special_Access_Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Special Access Programs This chapter describes the DOE Special Access Program (SAP) at DOE HQ and implements the requirements of: * Executive Order 13526, Classified National Security Information, Section 4.3, Special Access Programs, and Section 5.4, General Responsibilities, subparagraph (d). * DOE Order 471.5, Special Access Programs. A SAP is a program established for a specific class of classified information that imposes safeguarding and access requirements exceeding those normally required for information at the same classification level. Terms and activities such as Limited Access, Controlled Access, and Limited Distribution programs are not authorized. HQ Implementation Procedures SAP administration for both DOE and NNSA is handled through the Executive

409

Chapter 10: Education, Training, and Operation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Education, : Education, Training, and Operation Building Occupant and Operator Roles Information for Facilities Managers and Maintenance Staff Information for Building Users Post-Occupancy Evaluation LANL | Chapter 10 Building Occupant and Operator Roles The success of a high-performance building depends Communicating the building's sustainability vision and Education, Training, how it is designed, built, and managed. Many of the features can imbue its managers and users with a sense and Operation most important sustainable design goals relate to of pride that can reinforce the commitment to low- resource use and pollution from building operations. If impact, high-performance operations. The hand-off the facility managers are not well-informed and actively from the building delivery team to the ones who will

410

Chapter_8_Opertions_Security_Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Operations Security Program Operations Security Program This chapter covers the OPSEC Program in place at DOE HQ to fulfill the requirements of DOE Order 471.6, Section 4.f, Information Security Manual. The OPSEC Program seeks to assist HQ Elements in identifying and protecting Critical Information (CI) from inadvertent or unauthorized disclosure and in protecting classified matter. CI includes those classified or sensitive unclassified areas, activities, functions, data, or information about an activity or organization deemed sufficiently important to be protected from an adversary. CI, when disclosed without proper authorization, has detrimental impact on national security and or departmental operations. Examples of CI that must be protected are personnel files, proposal and contract documents, or financial data regarding a project. CI is

411

Sensors Chapter of the IEEE Richland Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEETING MEETING of the Sensors Chapter of the IEEE Richland Section Wednesday, 27 August 2008 Dr. Wassana Yantasee, PNNL presenting Next-generation metal analyzers based on nanomaterials for biomonitoring and environmental monitoring Abstract: Large numbers of industrial workers are regularly expose to toxic heavy metals like mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb), which are known to induce various diseases that are detrimental to human health. In order to monitor workers for multiple toxic metal exposures and to ensure that these exposures are below a threshold for inducing permanent damage to various organ systems, real-time, non-invasive tools for monitoring of workplace and workers for toxic metal exposure is highly desirable. The portable metal analyzers are also highly beneficial to environmental monitoring of these toxic metals (e.g., in surface water, ground water,

412

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Lighting, : Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting System Design Mechanical System Design Central Plant Systems Plumbing and Water Use Building Control Systems Electrical Power Systems Metering LANL | Chapter 5 High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing By now, the building envelope serves multiple roles. It protects the occupants from changing weather condi- tions and it plays a key part in meeting the occupants' comfort needs. The heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and lighting (HVAC&L) systems complement the archi- tectural design, govern the building's operation and maintenance costs, and shape the building's long-term environmental impact. The architectural design maximizes the potential for a high-performance building, but it is the

413

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007 - Electricity Chapter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Electricity International Energy Outlook 2007 Chapter 6 - Electricity World electricity generation nearly doubles in the IEO2007 reference case from 2004 to 2030. In 2030, generation in the non-OECD countries is projected to exceed generation in the OECD countries by 30 percent. Figure Data Figure 61. World Electric Power Generation by Region, 1980-2030 (Billion Kilowatthours). Need help, contact the National Energy at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 62. Average Annual Change in End-Use Sector Electricity Demand, 2004-2030 (Percent per Year). Need help, contact the National Energy at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 63. World Electricity Generation by Fuel, 2004 and 2030 (Billion Kilowatthours). Need help, contact the National Energy at 202-586-8800.

414

Chapter 2: Whole-Buildling Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: : Whole-Building Design Whole-Building Design - the What and How Articulating and Communicating a Vision Creating an Integrated Project Team Developing Project Goals Design and Execution Phases Decision-Making Process Writing Sustainable F&OR Documents Specific Sustainable Elements of F&OR Documents Fitting into the LANL Design Process LANL | Chapter 2 Whole-Building Design - the What and How Sustainable design can most easily be achieved through Whole-Building Design a whole-building design process. The whole-building design process is a multi-disciplinary strategy that effectively integrates all aspects of site development, building design, construction, and opera- tions and maintenance to minimize resource consump- tion and environmental impacts. Think of all the pieces

415

EERE Program Management Guide - Chapter 6  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EERE Program Implementation EERE Program Implementation Program implementation is spending the money to implement the program. 6.1 Program Implementation Overview Implementing the budget means implementing the program; that is, getting the planned work assigned and completed in a timely and economical way that yields quality results, and ensuring that program expenditures are consistent with the President's budget as modified by the Congress. This is done by implementing the program's portion of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Annual Operating Plan (AOP) for execution for the current Fiscal Year (FY) (see Chapter 4 on Planning). The AOP is developed by determining the work that needs to be done; the appropriate sources; and the estimated scope, schedule, milestones, and cost. This is accomplished through

416

Microsoft Word - Chapter 10_2006_Jun  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10-1 10-1 CHAPTER 10 SUBCONTRACT MANAGEMENT (Revised June 2006) WHAT ARE THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES OF SUBCONTRACT MANAGEMENT? 1. To ensure contractors establish, document, and maintain adequate purchasing systems. 2. To ensure contractors flow down contract requirements to subcontractors. WHY IS SUBCONTRACT MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT? In many Department prime contracts a significant portion of the obligated dollars is spent on subcontract work. Due to the absence of a direct contractual relationship with the subcontractor, the Department must rely on the prime contractor to manage subcontract work. Subcontractors perform significant work efforts at sites and are an integral part of the site's success. Prime contractors are fully reimbursed (consistent with reimbursement rules) for subcontracted work

417

LCLS CDR Chapter 4 - FEL Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 FEL Physics TECHNICAL SYNOPSIS This chapter presents a review of the historical and technological developments of the Free Electron Laser that led to proposals to operate an FEL in the large gain regime, starting from the spontaneous radiation noise, without using an optical cavity. In this mode, called "Self- Amplified-Spontaneous-Emission" (SASE), lasing is produced in a single pass of an electron beam with high phase-space density through a long undulator, eliminating the need for optical cavities, which are difficult to build in the soft x-ray or x-ray spectral region. A discussion of the spontaneous radiation produced in an undulator introduces the concepts and formulae for the radiation intensity, the number of photons produced per electron,

418

Chapter 3 - Principles of Water Purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the principles of water purification. An important point to observe is the difference between purifying drinking water and purifying water optimal for life of organisms. In the former case, it is important that organisms, prokaryotes and protists, are effectively killed in the water treatment. In the latter instance, the purified water must allow all organisms to live. Chlorination and other treatments that are used to purify drinking water are toxic to all organisms. Water treatment first mechanically removes large objects, whereafter much of the organic material is biodegraded via digestion by anaerobic and aerobic bacteria. When wastes are biodegraded, production of biogas and heat occurs. A final step in wastewater treatment involves the removal of certain compounds, such as phosphorus by precipitation as, for example, insoluble iron phosphate, and of some metals by hyperaccumulating plants.

Mikko Nikinmaa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Chapter 1 - The Basics of Web Hacking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter covers many foundational topics that the reader must be comfortable with before jumping into the hacking tools and techniques. Topics include defining a web server from a web application, the basics of the HTTP protocol including the request/response cycle and HTTP response status codes, existing penetration testing methodologies that our Hands-On approach is derived from, the most common web vulnerabilities in today’s web, and setting up a safe environment to conduct our hacking experiments! Special attention will be paid to ensuring the beginner is well positioned to succeed with later material in the book that introduces specific tools and techniques to hack web servers, web applications, and web users—we’ll even throw in a little database hacking for good measure!

Josh Pauli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Chapter 17 - Energy-Efficient Telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For many years, the prime drivers behind advances in telecommunications have been the need for increased capacity and reduced cost. But recently, concerns about the rising energy use of telecommunications networks have brought the issue of energy efficiency into the mix, both for equipment vendors and for network operators. In this chapter, we provide an overview of energy consumption in telecommunications networks. We identify the key contributors to energy consumption and identify trends in the growth of energy consumption. We compare the performance of state-of-the-art equipment with theoretical lower bounds on energy consumption and point to opportunities for improving the energy efficiency of core metro and access networks. We show that there is potential for significant improvements in energy efficiency.

Daniel C. Kilper; Rodney S. Tucker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

CHAPTER XVI - TIME SERIES: SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the seasonal fluctuations in time series. Seasonal variations are defined either to be studied separately or—more often—to be removed, thus, allowing concentrating on the remaining variation. If the annual data are not strongly influenced by trend movements or cyclical changes, it is possible to compare seasonal data usually—monthly data with averages not adjusted for trend and express them as percentages of these averages. In reality, the amplitude and period of seasonal movements vary in most cases from year to year, being affected by seasonal as well as by cyclical, random, and other nonseasonal factors. The averages, expressed in percentages, thus obtained are preliminary seasonal indexes. Seasonal indices based on the fitting of curves to monthly ratios, expressed as percentages, to moving averages are called moving seasonal indexes.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Chapter Three - Material Selection for Thermal Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter covers the minimum requirements and fundamental concepts relating to the composition, size, dimensions, physical properties, inspection, packaging, and marking of a wide range of thermal insulations for use on pipe and equipment surfaces such as mineral wool insulation, rigid and semi-rigid mineral fiber block and board thermal insulation, mineral blanket and blanket-type pipe insulation, calcium silicate preformed block and pipe section thermal insulation, cellular glass, baked cork, and rigid cellular polyurethane and polyisocyanurate and filler insulation. In addition, vapor barriers, joint sealants, adhesive materials, metallic jacketing, and accessory materials are reviewed. For satisfactory performance, properly installed protective vapor barriers have to be used in low-temperature applications to prevent movement of moisture through or around the insulation towards the colder surface.

Alireza Bahadori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Chapter 18 - Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nanostructures are material configurations in the size range of 1–100  nanometers (1 nanometer abbreviated nm = 10?9  m). The scope of nanotechnology that is the construction, manipulation, and utilization of nano-sized materials of controlled composition and shape is described. The unique optical and surface properties of nano-sized materials are presented and explained. Medical applications of nanotechnology in the areas of biosensors, cancer therapy, and drug delivery are described. A section of the chapter is devoted to use of silver nanoparticles as antibacterial agents. In the final section, concerns over the safety of nanotechnology are voiced. Exercises are provided to expand the understanding of the concepts presented. Keywords nanostructures, nanotechnology, optical properties, surface properties, medical applications, biosensors, cancer therapy, drug delivery, silver nanoparticles, safety of nanotechnology

Paul Davidovits

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Chapter 14 - The Geography of Nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter explores some of those differences in activity-nanotechnology in a global manufacturing context. According to the Civilization Index (CI), the countries of the world can be grouped into four categories: (1) high per-capita income, high level of scientific activity, (2) low per-capita income, high level of scientific activity, (3) high per-capita income, low level of scientific activity, and (4) low per-capita income, low level of scientific activity. Category I comprises the wealthiest countries of the world. Category II mostly comprises countries of the former Soviet Union. Category III comprises countries with a lower level of civilization that have acquired vast riches in recent decades through the export of raw materials found within their territories, notably mineral oil. Category IV comprises countries with a lower level of civilization that might require centuries of development before reaching the attainments of Category I.

Jeremy J. Ramsden

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Chapter 9 - Zinc and Residue Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Annual global production of zinc is more than 13 million tons. More than 50% of this amount is used for galvanizing while the rest is mainly split into brass production, zinc-based alloys, semi manufacturers and zinc compounds such as zinc oxide and zinc sulfate. For the zinc and steel industries, recycling of zinc-coated steel provides an important new source of raw material. Historically, the generation of zinc-rich dusts from steel recycling was a source of loss from the life-cycle (landfill); however, technologies today provide incentive for steel recyclers to minimize waste. Thus, the recycling loop is endless—both zinc and steel can be recycled again and again without losing any of their physical or chemical properties. Depending on the composition of the scrap being recycled, it can either be remelted or returned to the refining process. This chapter describes the main processes for zinc recycling from different scraps and residues.

Jürgen Antrekowitsch; Stefan Steinlechner; Alois Unger; Gernot Rösler; Christoph Pichler; Rene Rumpold

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Chapter 12 - Depressurization, Blowdown, and Venting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An examination of emergency process inventory isolation and removal systems is provided in this chapter. These systems are commonly referred to in the process industry as ESD (emergency shutdown), venting, depressuring, or blowdown. Their objective is to prevent and limit the loss potential from system overpressure events that could lead to the loss of system integrity (i.e., ruptures, BLEVEs, etc.). The nature and purpose of pressure relief valves are examined, example vessel mathematical calculations to determine time to rupture are provided, blow and venting arrangements are discussed, and flare and burn pits features are described. Additionally, a flowchart is provided to determine which process vessels need depressurization capability depending on their operating characteristics. A table is provided to help determine disposal methods for various materials.

Dennis P. Nolan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Chapter 1 - Investment Philosophy and Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investment philosophy and process combine to define the investment approach of the investor or investment organization. Together, the investment philosophy and process provide a framework in which to understand markets and select investments. Without these, the entire endeavor is ad hoc. In short, the investment philosophy provides the why and the investment process provides the how with regard to an investment organization’s approach to investing. The investment philosophy and process are critical elements in providing for consistency through time in a student-managed investment fund. This chapter describes the key elements of investment philosophy and process statements and provides examples from both student-managed investment funds and institutional investment managers.

Brian Bruce; Jason Greene

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Chapter 7 - Special Community Health Needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Populations are not homogeneous or uniform in terms of health. There are differences in age, gender, socioeconomic status, risk factors of lifestyle, and groups whose burden of disease requires special attention. This chapter addresses special needs such as mental health, oral health, and the many groups in a population whose needs are greater and more specific than those of the general population. Some special needs relate to disasters, refugee and migrant situations, prisoners, gay and lesbian, and aboriginal populations. Each of these includes specific issues for public health attention. The success of a public health system is perhaps best measured by how it manages to meet the needs of such special groups and service needs with preventive and health promotion approaches.

Theodore H. Tulchinsky; Elena A. Varavikova

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Chapter One - Fungal Genomics: Sequencing and Annotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Plants grow in close associations with fungi—pathogens, symbionts, and endophytes—and depend on these associations for success. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of these interactions is important in order to create optimal conditions for plant growth. Genomics is a powerful tool not only to discover the potential encoded in genomes of both plants and plant-associated fungi but also to monitor dynamics of their interactions through gene expression and other genome-enabled analyses. Next-generation sequencing technologies offer tools to explore nature's wide array of plant–fungal interactions in unprecedented depth, and the sheer volume of data produced is enormous. Several approaches to assemble, annotate, and analyse this wealth of genomics data are discussed in this chapter.

Alan Kuo; Brian Bushnell; Igor V. Grigoriev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Chapter 2 - The plastics industry: Economic overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter clarifies the real applications and the relative importance of the various families and processes of plastic industry. The Asian consumption is specifically orientated to glass reinforced plastics (GRP) without significant production of advanced composites. Three application sectors—packaging, building & civil engineering, and automotive & transportation consume 76% of all plastics. For each type of polymer, it is necessary to choose to best suit the required geometries, production rates, targeted properties, and economic context from several possible processing methods. Thermosets are mono- or bi-component liquids that harden at ambient or elevated temperatures, and can require a post-curing stage. Polymeric materials are intrinsically expensive, but their use becomes appealing if the processing costs, the new technical possibilities that they permit, and the total cost at the end of their lifetime are taken into account. Glass fibers account for an estimated 95% of the total fiber consumption for polymer reinforcement.

Michel Biron

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Chapter 30 - Air Pollution Control Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes numerous air pollution control devices and approaches to remove and treat particulate-phase and vapor-phase contaminants from a gas stream. Beginning with the removal of particulate matter, the various forces are described; i.e. gravity, buoyancy, drag, centrifugal and electrostatic forces, as well as molecular diffusion, and phoresis (thermal and diffusion-based). For removing gas-phase compounds, absorption and adsorption processes are described in detail. The physical and chemical mechanisms at work in gravitational settling, inertial impaction, electrostatic precipitation, filtration, and sorption are discussed in detail. Example calculations are provided, as well as expected problems and considerations needed prior to selecting a technology for a given pollutant stream.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Chapter 2 - Genomics-Based Cancer Theranostics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cancer cells have advantages over normal cells of selective growth and survival, and genetic mutations are the root of those advantages. Over the past decade, especially since the advent of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, also known as second generation, in the mid-2000s, genomic landscapes for the most common forms of human cancer have been revealed, and such discoveries are benefiting early tumor diagnosis, prognosis, and treatments. Today, third generation sequencing platforms are entering the markets and bringing a new wave of discoveries as they allow a much longer sequencing read than the second generation platforms. This chapter reviews the advanced biotechnology and computational biology efforts necessary to make sense of the astronomical amount of cancer genomics data to identify novel biomarkers for developing targeted imaging probes and therapeutics, and clarify the achievements, opportunities, and challenges for genomics-based cancer theranostics.

Zheng Yin; James J. Mancuso; Fuhai Li; Stephen T.C. Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Chapter 10 - Solar Thermal Power Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 10 deals with solar thermal power systems. Initially, the general design considerations are given followed by the presentation of the three basic technologies. These include the parabolic trough collector system, which includes a description of the PTC power plant and outlook of the technology; the power tower systems and the dish systems. This is followed by the thermal analysis of the basic cycles of solar thermal power plants. Subsequently, solar updraft tower systems are examined, which include the initial steps and first demonstration, and the thermal analysis. Finally, solar ponds are examined, which is a form of large solar collector and storage system that can be used for solar power generation and include practical design considerations, salty water transmission estimation, methods of heat extraction, description of two large experimental solar ponds, and applications of solar ponds.

Soteris A. Kalogirou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Chapter 11 - Osteomalacia and Related Disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter highlights various abnormal metabolism including vitamin D and phosphate that results osteomalacia. Osteomalacia can occur locally in pagetic lesions because bone of high turnover either needs more vitamin D or permits the more rapid development of the histological expression of impaired mineralization; the opposite probably applies to bone of low turnover. Pregnancy depletes vitamin D stores because calcidiol is transferred preferentially to the fetus, which produces biochemical deterioration and can precipitate overt osteomalacia. It can be inferred that all patients with impaired mineralization because of hypophosphatemia evolve through a stage of atypical osteomalacia, in which a reduction in the rate of mineral apposition is accompanied by a parallel reduction in the rate of matrix apposition or looked at from a different viewpoint by an inversely proportional prolongation of mineralization lag time. Osteomalacia, according to reasonable criteria, has also resulted from chronic phosphorus depletion.

A.M. Parfitt

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Chapter 4 - Pipeline Inspection and Subsea Repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pipeline inspection is a part of the pipeline integrity management for keeping the pipeline in good condition. The rules governing inspection are the pipeline safety regulations. In most cases the pipeline is inspected regularly. The pipeline safety regulations require that the operator shall insure that a pipeline is maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair. The pipeline inspection includes external inspection and internal inspection. In this chapter, the metal loss inspection techniques are discussed. The subsea pipeline internal inspection is normally carried out through non-destructive testing techniques and technologies by intelligent pigs, such as magnetic-flux leakage technology inn axial and circumferential, ultrasound technologies, eddy-current technologies and other technologies. The repair methods are different for shallow and deep water subsea pipelines. The conventional repair methods are used for shallow water pipeline, but diverless repair and intelligent plus are good for deepwater pipeline repair.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Chapter 6 - Electronic Properties of Selected Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter we give a brief survey of the electronic structure of some crystals of particular interest from a fundamental or technological point of view; the focus is not on the properties of single specific crystals, but rather on the trends in similar compounds. We begin with the description of rare-gas solids, which are large gap insulators formed by weakly interacting closed-shell neutral atoms. We then describe ionic crystals, constituted by strongly interacting closed-shell ions. In the discussion of crystals made up by open-shell units, we consider typical examples of covalent semiconductors and of the metallic bond. We also describe some electronic features of carbon allotropes, with particular attention to Dirac points in the band structure of graphene.

Giuseppe Grosso; Giuseppe Pastori Parravicini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Chapter 2 - Proposed Action and Alternatives  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2-1 CHAPTER 2 PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES The WIPP facility, in addition to serving its primary mission as a TRU waste disposal site, needs to perform a variety of actinide chemistry experiments to (1) support WIPP's recertification efforts, (2) address scientific questions important to WIPP, (3) improve TRU waste characterization techniques, and (4) improve DOE's understanding of how the waste interacts with the natural environment in order to better understand waste isolation performance. In the past, WIPP-related actinide chemistry experiments have taken place at DOE laboratory facilities at other DOE sites such as LANL. However, due to reductions in travel budgets and additional security requirements being imposed on DOE weapons

438

Chapter_17_Headquarters_Security_Officer_Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Headquarters Security Officer Program This chapter implements the requirements of HQ Order 472.1, Headquarters Security Officer Program. The goal of the HSO Program is to have a knowledgeable security person within each HQ element to answer common security questions, process security documentation on behalf of the element's personnel, arrange for security services provided by HS-90, and serve as the element's security point of contact. In summary, HQ Order 472.1 requires each Head of Element at HQ to appoint a Federal employee as his/her HSO and at least one Federal employee as his/her Alternate HSO. The Head of Element may also appoint any number of contractors to the position of HSO Representative. HSOs and Alternate HSOs must be Federal employees because they commit the government to

439

Metadata of the chapter that will be visualized online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter Title A Nanomembrane-Based Nucleic Acid Sensing Platform for Portable Diagnostics Chapter Sub Hsueh-Chia Corresponding Author Suffix Division Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Senapati Particle Given Name Satyajyoti Author Suffix Division Department of Chemical and Biomolecular

Chang, Hsueh-Chia

440

CHAPTER 3. STRUCTURE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS 1 Structure of Magnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 3. STRUCTURE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS 1 Chapter 3 Structure of Magnetic Fields Many of the most interesting plasmas are permeated by or imbedded in magnetic fields.1 As shown in Fig. 3.1, the magnetic field properties of magnetic fields in plasmas can be discussed without specifying a model for the plasma

Callen, James D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "worldwide basis chapter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CHAPTER 5 KNOWLEDGE BASE ISSUES 5.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

71 CHAPTER 5 KNOWLEDGE BASE ISSUES 5.1 Introduction This chapter describes the issues surrounding the knowledge base, which forms the foundation for the intelligent agents for the proposed system. The subject areas of knowledge engineering and knowledge representation are introduced, and the issues of choosing

O'Connor, Rory

442

DRAFT Chapter 7 Introduction to Spatial Data Mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAFT Chapter 7 Introduction to Spatial Data Mining In this chapter we present an overview of some, of course, is on the mining of spatial data, but the set of techniques that we will discuss applies to many of data ev- ery day. Other large spatial databases include the U.S. census, and the weather and climate

Shekhar, Shashi

443

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 19: Personal Protective Equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hat (ANSI Z89.1-2003) Protective eyewear (ANSI Z87.1-2003) High visibility safety apparel, fluorescent yellow-green (preferred) (ANSI/ISEA 107- 2004) Work shirt (long or short sleeve), work pants (long) High radiation Laser safety eyewear (ANSI Z136.1-2000) Chapter 10, "Laser Safety" Lead work Chapter 20, "Lead

Wechsler, Risa H.

444

Computing Handbook Set -Computer Science (Volume I) Chapter: DNA Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing Handbook Set - Computer Science (Volume I) Chapter: DNA Computing Sudhanshu Garg, Reem. DNA computing is a class of molecular computing that does computation by the use of reactions chemistry, biochemistry, physics, material science, and computer science. This chapter surveys the field

Reif, John H.

445

Structural basis of spectrin elasticity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new model of human erythrocyte {alpha}-spectrin is proposed. The secondary structure of human erythrocyte {alpha}-spectrin and its folding into a condensed structure that can convert reversibly in situ, into an elongated configuration is predicted from its deduced protein sequence. Results from conformational and amphipathicity analyses suggest that {alpha}-spectrin consists mainly of short amphipathicity helices interconnected by flexible turns and/or coils. The distribution of charges and amphipathicity of the helices can facilitate their folding into stable domains of 4 and 3 helices surrounding a hydrophobic core. The association between adjacent four- and three-helix domains further organize them into recurring seven-helix motifs that might constitute the basic structural units of the extended {alpha}-spectrin. The elongated spectrin molecule packs, in a sinusoidal fashion, through interactions between neighboring motifs into a compact structure. We suggest that the reversible extension and contraction of this sigmoidally packed structure is the molecular basis of the mechanism by which spectrin contributes to the elasticity of the red cell membrane.

Shen, B.W.; Stevens, F.J.; Luthi, U. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Goldin, S.B. [Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Biological Chemistry

1991-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

446

First Chapter of Hanford Story Released | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter of Hanford Story Released Chapter of Hanford Story Released First Chapter of Hanford Story Released April 20, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoff_Tyree@rl.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the first chapter of "The Hanford Story" to the public. The Hanford Story is a multimedia presentation that provides an overview of the Hanford Site-its history, today's cleanup activities, and a glimpse into the possibilities of future uses of the 586-square-mile government site in southeast Washington State. The 17-minute video has been posted to the site's YouTube Channel on www.youtube.com/hanfordsite, as well as the Department of Energy's Hanford website on www.hanford.gov. The Hanford Story will be delivered in a series of video-based chapters

447

TW Chapter 3 -Roush This chapter is meant to deepen and broaden an argument that goes something like this  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by something local (due to something like a classical causal picture) and that's both why mental states can1 TW Chapter 3 - Roush This chapter is meant to deepen and broaden an argument that goes something is broad, TW argued that knowledge can add something mental to belief or rational belief or... whatever

Fitelson, Branden

448

CHAPTER 7. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT We examine in this chapter the role played by atmospheric gases in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

113 CHAPTER 7. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT We examine in this chapter the role played by atmospheric of the surface known as the greenhouse effect. As we will see, trapping of terrestrial radiation by naturally accumulated in the atmosphere over the past decades and added to the greenhouse effect (Figure 7-1). Figure 7

Jacob, Daniel J.

449

Beyond Design Basis Events | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in Japan, DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to beyond design basis events (BDBEs). These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to BDBEs, August 2011, and Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities,

450

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford site. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with requirements of 10 CFR 835, the DOE Laboratory Accreditation Program, the DOE Richland Operations Office, DOE Office of River Protection, DOE Pacific Northwest Office of Science, and Hanford’s DOE contractors. The dosimetry system is operated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Hanford External Dosimetry Program which provides dosimetry services to PNNL and all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since its inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL’s Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving significant changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Maintenance and distribution of controlled hard copies of the manual by PNNL was discontinued beginning with Revision 0.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

451

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford site. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with requirements of 10 CFR 835, the DOE Laboratory Accreditation Program, the DOE Richland Operations Office, DOE Office of River Protection, DOE Pacific Northwest Office of Science, and Hanford’s DOE contractors. The dosimetry system is operated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Hanford External Dosimetry Program which provides dosimetry services to PNNL and all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since its inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL’s Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving significant changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Maintenance and distribution of controlled hard copies of the manual by PNNL was discontinued beginning with Revision 0.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Genome of the Cyanobacterium Microcoleus vaginatusFGP-2, a Photosynthetic Ecosystem Engineer of Arid Land Soil Biocrusts Worldwide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vaginatusFGP-2, a Photosynthetic Ecosystem Engineer of Arid Land Soil Biocrusts Worldwide...inputs (1). The improved high-quality draft (4) genome of M. vaginatusstrain...FGP-2, a photosynthetic ecosystem engineer of arid land soil biocrusts worldwide...

Shawn R. Starkenburg; Krista G. Reitenga; Tracey Freitas; Shannon Johnson; Patrick S. G. Chain; Ferran Garcia-Pichel; Cheryl R. Kuske

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

453

Policy Flash 2013-39 Acquisition Guide, Chapter 42.15, Contractor...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 Acquisition Guide, Chapter 42.15, Contractor Performance Information Policy Flash 2013-39 Acquisition Guide, Chapter 42.15, Contractor Performance Information Attached is Policy...

454

Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department for Environmental Protection The waste management administrative regulations apply to the disposal of solid waste and the management of all liquid, semisolid, solid, or gaseous

455

Chapter 53 Ambient Air Quality (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Ambient Air Quality (Kentucky) 3 Ambient Air Quality (Kentucky) Chapter 53 Ambient Air Quality (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 53, entitled Ambient Air Quality, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet's Department for Environmental Protection. Chapter 53 sets the air quality standards for pollutants regulated under the federally mandated Clean Air Act. The purpose of the

456

Public Waterfront Act - Chapter 91 (Massachusetts) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Waterfront Act - Chapter 91 (Massachusetts) Waterfront Act - Chapter 91 (Massachusetts) Public Waterfront Act - Chapter 91 (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Coastal Zone Management This Act contains a number of regulations regarding the construction of

457

KRS Chapter 278: Electric Generation and Transmission Siting (Kentucky) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KRS Chapter 278: Electric Generation and Transmission Siting KRS Chapter 278: Electric Generation and Transmission Siting (Kentucky) KRS Chapter 278: Electric Generation and Transmission Siting (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission No person shall commence to construct a merchant electric generating facility until that person has applied for and obtained a construction certificate for the facility from the Kentucky State Board on Electric Generation and Transmission. The construction certificate shall be valid

458

Chapter 50 Division for Air Quality: General Administrative Procedures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Chapter 50 Division for Air Quality: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) Chapter 50 Division for Air Quality: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Transportation Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection Chapter 50 of the Division of Air Quality section within Energy and Environment Cabinet Department For Environmental Protection outlines the general administrative procedures for maintaining air quality standards. These procedures are created in adherence to 42 USC 7410 which requires the

459

Chapter XI - METHODS IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses methods in child psychology. Observation, experimentation, and interpretation are the three main roads of child study. Their basic aim is to find out modes of behavior, motivations of behavior, and the probable course of behavior in the child's future development. This is important to understand the organization of the child and to design the adult's proper attitude toward the child, that is, to find out new ways of education that can make the child and the society growing out of children happier. The material of experimental depth psychology consists of the expressive movements, because an individual's personality becomes manifest in the way he expresses himself. There are three basic forms of such an expression: (1) The expression of thought, (2) the expression of action, and (3) the expression of movement. The functioning of memory is not like that of a recording machine, registering all items received; memory is a selective process and the selection depends on dynamic factors, such as interest and emotion. Interest increases memorizing faculties and that emotions can prevent items from being consciously remembered.

WERNER WOLFF

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Chapter 1 - Overview of Subsea Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The subsea technology used for offshore oil and gas production is a highly specialized field of application that places particular demands on engineering. This chapter discusses four parts of subsea engineering: production systems, flow assurance and system engineering, subsea structures and equipment, and subsea umbilicals, risers, and pipelines. A subsea production system consists of a subsea completed well, seabed wellhead, subsea production tree, subsea tie-in to flowline system, and subsea equipment and control facilities to operate the well. It can range in complexity from a single satellite well with a flowline linked to a fixed platform, FPSO (Floating Production, Storage and Offloading), or onshore facilities, to several wells on a template or clustered around a manifold that transfer to a fixed or floating facility or directly to onshore facilities. After the production system has been installed, numerous operations are in place to ensure safe and pollution-free operations and support the continued flow of hydrocarbons. Facilities and pipelines require periodic inspections to ensure that no external damage or hazards are present that will affect the system's integrity.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Chapter 6 Research needs and future directions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses research needs and future directions. Significant research has been done since the early 1990s in the development of biodesulfurization. The majority of this work has been done in biocatalyst development, although advances in the area of process development have also been made. The major thrust for these activities was from the identification of a sulfur-specific desulfurization pathway in Rhodococcus erythropolis, sp. IGTS8 in the early 1990s. This significantly raised the potential of developing an efficient biodesulfurization process due to the selective nature of the reaction and thus, retention of the fuel value of the oil. The metabolic pathway for biodesulfurization in the organism was characterized and the enzymes necessary for the biochemical reactions were identified. Following this, the genes expressing these enzymes were also characterized and cloned into E. coli and other organisms. The rate of each step in the reaction pathway was determined, both in vivo and in vitro and the rate-limiting step was identified as the last step in the pathway involving enzyme DszB, which releases the sulfur as sulfite. All the enzymes in the pathway were over expressed and the rate of DBT conversion was increased by over an order of magnitude. Over expression of the enzyme DszD, which regenerates the co-factor required for the first two steps, was also achieved, further enhancing the rate of conversion .

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Chapter 7 - Nanofabrication via atom optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents a review of the basic concepts that are used for atomoptical nanofabrication, as well as a discussion of the progress to date in realizations of the techniques. As a new approach to nanofabrication, atom optics offers the possibility of several advantages over existing techniques. For one thing, the fundamental diffraction limit imposed on resolution, present in any process where one attempts to focus particles (whether photons, charged particles, or neutral atoms), can be very small for atoms. Furthermore, atom optics can be used both in a direct deposition mode, where neutral atoms are focused by atom lenses into an extremely fine spot as they deposit onto a substrate, and also in a lithography mode, where focused atoms are used to expose a suitable resist material. In the direct deposition mode, nanostructures can be fabricated in a clean, resist-free environment, with little or no damage to the underlying substrate. Thus, the process can be very localized, with very little scattering and resist penetration. In either mode, parallelism, which is advantageous when issues of fabrication speed and/or long-range spatial coherence are important, can be achieved with very high dimensional accuracy over a large area of the substrate using laser focusing of atoms in a laser interference pattern.

Jabez J. McClelland

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Chapter 18 - The Genomics of Cladoceran Physiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent advances in genomic approaches and their increasing application to a wide range of taxa are contributing to the rapid development of the field of physiological genomics. Understanding the relationship between organisms and their environment is central to this field that focuses on genomic exploration of the physiological mechanisms that underlie organism-environment interactions and phenotypic plasticity. Cladoceran crustaceans have long been the subject of physiological investigation and are now tractable and versatile models for physiological genomics. A wide diversity of habitats and physiologies along with the recent development of genomic tools, most notably in the genus Daphnia, make cladocerans a compelling taxonomic group to investigate the relationship between genome structure, function and physiological mechanisms in a comparative framework that will also illuminate the evolutionary processes underlying these mechanisms. In this chapter we highlight a series of case studies to illustrate the potential to use cladocerans to illuminate the physiological mechanisms that mediate the response of organisms to environmental challenges. We focus on the genus Daphnia because of the rich history in ecological, evolutionary, and physiological research on this group and the recent investigations into its ecoresponsive genome. Finally, we prospectively outline productive avenues for future investigation.

Dörthe Becker; Kay Van Damme; Elizabeth Turner; Joseph R. Shaw; John K. Colbourne; Michael E. Pfrender

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

CHAPTER 9 - The Stress Analysis Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The finite element method (FEM) is a mathematical/computer-based numerical technique for calculating the strength and behavior of engineering structures. Autodesk Inventor— and much other analysis software—is based on the FEM, where, simply, a component is broken down into many small elements. There are three methods within Autodesk Inventor Simulation that can be used to enhance the accuracy of the results: P-refinement, H-refinement, and higher order elements. Autodesk Inventor Simulation is only capable of performing linear analysis, where components have small deformations, under operational loading conditions. On the other hand, nonlinear analysis is typically involved when components are experiencing large deformations and thus component material can deform beyond the elastic limit. This chapter describes static analysis. It is an engineering discipline that determines the stress in materials and structures subjected to static or dynamic forces or loads. The aim of the analysis is usually to determine whether the element or collection of elements, usually referred to as a structure or component, can safely withstand the specified forces and loads. This is achieved when the determined stress from the applied force(s) is less than the yield strength the material is known to be able to withstand.

Wasim Younis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Chapter 6 - The fusion - hydrogen energy system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter shows that the combination of fusion generation combined with hydrogen distribution will provide a system capable of virtually eliminating the negative impact on the environment from the use of energy by humanity. It addition, implementation of the energy system will provide techniques and tools that can ameliorate environmental problems unrelated to energy use. The nations that implement the Fusion–Hydrogen energy system will experience a powerful surge of growth as companies, new and old, compete to product the supporting equipment. The Fusion–hydrogen energy system will provide the means for dramatically reducing all forms of soil, water, and air pollution resulting from the extraction and use of fossil fuels. Hydrogen fuel use will stop the addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and the attendant warming of the earth. It will stop atmospheric pollution by materials responsible for acid rain. It will also provide a reliable energy source with an inconsequential potential for generation of new types of pollution. The hydrogen energy carrier can be easily transported throughout the world without damage to the environment. It provides a safe and highly reliable energy distribution system for use by all the sectors of the economy.

Laurence O. Williams

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Chapter 14 - Pipeline Testing and Precommissioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From its fabrication to start-up, a pipeline system has to pass a series of tests. Some of these, such as the factory acceptance test (FAT), are done onshore at the fabrication yards with individual components. The FAT mainly consists of the inspection, testing, and reporting of the system according to the drawings, specifications, and requirements of the contract. Pipe sections must pass the FAT before they are accepted. Some of the tests, such as the pipeline hydrotest, are mainly done offshore with either a portion of the whole pipeline system or the whole pipeline system. The hydrotests are conducted to check the mechanical strength of the pipeline system and the integrity of the connections. The hydrotest is one of the pipeline precommissioning activities. Precommissioning is performed after the pipeline system is installed, and all the tie-ins are completed to assess the global integrity, qualify the system as ready for commissioning and start-up, confirm the safety to personnel and environment, and confirm the operational control of the pipeline system. This chapter covers the main activities associated with subsea pipeline testing and pre-commissioning.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Chapter 6 - Dehydration of Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reviews several methods used for dehydrating natural gas. Dehydration is the process by which water is removed from natural gas. This is a common method used for preventing hydrate formation. There are other reasons for dehydrating natural gas. Removing water vapor reduces the risk of corrosion in transmission lines. Furthermore, dehydration improves the efficiency of pipelines by reducing the amount of liquid accumulating in the lines—or even eliminates it completely. There are several methods of dehydrating natural gas. The most common of these are: glycol dehydration (liquid desiccant), molecular sieves (solid adsorbent), and refrigeration. The most common method for dehydration in the natural gas industry is the use of a liquid desiccant contactor-regeneration process. In this process, the wet gas is contacted with a lean solvent. The lean solvent, producing a rich solvent stream and a dry gas, absorbs the water in the gas. Unlike glycol dehydration, which is an absorption process, dehydration with molecular sieves is an adsorption process. Water in the gas adheres to the solid phase (the solid being the mole sieve), and thus is removed from the natural gas. Molecular sieves are usually used when very dry gas is required. The usual purpose of a refrigeration plant is to remove heavy hydrocarbons from a natural gas stream—to make hydrocarbon dewpoint specification—but this process also removes water.

John J. Carroll

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Chapter six - Dehydration of natural gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes the dehydration process of natural gas. Dehydration is the process by which water is removed from natural gas. This is a common method used for preventing hydrate formation. If there is no water present, it is impossible for a hydrate to form. If there is only a small amount of water present, the formation of hydrate is less likely. There are other reasons for dehydrating natural gas. The removal of water vapor reduces the risk of corrosion in transmission lines. Furthermore, dehydration improves the efficiency of pipelines by reducing the amount of liquid accumulating in the lines—or even eliminates it completely. There are several methods of dehydrating natural gas. The most common are: glycol dehydration (liquid desiccant), molecular sieves (solid adsorbent), and refrigeration. In glycol dehydration process, the wet gas is contacted with a lean solvent (containing only a small amount of water). The water in the gas is absorbed by the lean solvent, producing a rich solvent stream (one containing more water) and a dry gas. In mole sieves, water in the gas adheres to the solid phase, the solid being the mole sieve, and thus is removed from the natural gas. The usual purpose of a refrigeration plant is to remove heavy hydrocarbons from a natural gas stream—to make hydrocarbon dew point specification. However, this process also removes water.

John J. Carroll

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Chapter 2 Offshore Wind Power Stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents the historical background and development of offshore wind power stations. As early as 1890, windmills were put to work to produce electricity and more than 50,000 mills were in use in the United States alone in the twenties and thirties. Their decline was precipitated by the Rural Electrification Program. According to the San Francisco based Transaction Energy Projects Institute, offshore windmills could generate all the electrical power needed by northern California. Ocean winds have of course provided energy to windmills for centuries. In 1976, a study was commissioned by the (U.S.) Energy Research and Development Administration to ascertain and assess the economic value of offshore multi units aiming at identification and classification of area offshore types, assessing utility requirements for offshore power systems. It includes developing installation concepts including various floating and bottom-mounted designs, assessing current WECS (wind energy converter systems) for use in offshore environments, assessing various electric transmission and hydrogen delivery concepts, and performing an economic assessment, providing tradeoffs for variables such as distance offshore, climate, bottom and wave characteristics and average wave velocities. It is suggested that high wind velocity sites must be identified because the energy flow increases with the cube of the wind velocity; the kinetic energy of the wind passing through the area swept by the blades of a turbine is the energy available to that wind turbine. An average wind speed distribution is required.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Chapter 3 - Fuels for Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with various types of liquid fuels and the relevant chemical and physical properties of these fuels as a means of comparison to the fuels of the future. It gives an overview of the manufacture and properties of the common fuels as well as a description of various biofuels. A fuel mixture usually contains a wide range of organic compounds (usually hydrocarbons). The specific mixture of hydrocarbons gives a fuel its characteristic properties, such as boiling point, melting point, density, viscosity, and a host of other properties. Depending on the application (stationary, central power, remote, auxiliary, transportation, military, etc.), there are a wide range of conventional fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, light distillates, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuels, diesel, and biodiesel, that could be used in reforming processes to produce hydrogen (or hydrogen-rich synthesis gas) to power fuel cells. Fossils fuels include gaseous fuels, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, and jet fuels. Gaseous fuels include natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas. Types of gasoline include automotive gasoline, aviation gasoline, and gasohol. Some additives added into gasoline are antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, demulsifiers, anti-icing, dyes and markers, drag reducers, and oxygenates.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Chapter 1. Basic principles of membrane contactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the basic principles of membrane contactors. The membrane contactors identify the membrane systems that are employed to keep two phases in contact. To avoid the mixing of the two phases, the operating pressures must be controlled. The pressure of the aqueous/polar phase has to be equal to or higher than the pressure of the wetting/filling phase. In membrane strippers and scrubbers, a liquid is in contact with a gas, the difference between the two systems being the direction in which the species are transferred: from the liquid to the gas and vice versa, respectively. In supported liquid membranes, the micropores of the membrane are filled by an organic phase and the membrane is located between two aqueous phases. Membrane distillation is the only example of membrane contactor where the driving force is related to a temperature gradient across the membrane. Osmotic distillation performs the same work of the membrane distillation but uses a different method for creating the partial pressure gradient. Membrane crystallizers represent a particular application of membrane and osmotic distillation. Membrane emulsifiers employ both hydrophobic and hydrophilic membranes for creating microemulsions. Membrane contactors can be also used to carry out catalytic reactions.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Chapter 21 - Religion, Culture, and Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter tries to synthesize the progress that economists have made towards understanding various aspects of the role of religion in human societies from a development economics perspective. We start by reviewing the contributions that consider religious beliefs as exogenously given and try to understand their effects on individual economic behavior, both directly and through the effect of religion on institutions. Next, we summarize the literature that considers adherence to and interpretation of religious dogmas by individuals as a strategic choice (i.e. using religious beliefs as instruments/means towards individuals’ (economic) ends). We proceed to review contributions that endogenize the content and the quantity of religious denominations, using the industrial organization approach. The final part considers the role of the state, which intentionally chooses to influence the contents of religion and the intensity of its dogmas. More precisely, we consider situations in which rulers may adopt a particular religion for the purpose of nation-building and external positioning or may instrumentalize the religion with a view to weakening internal political opposition and consolidating an authoritarian regime. We suggest that, in order to fully comprehend the role of religion, a political economy approach is required and it is necessary to consider the possibility that religion can be manipulated by political authorities for various reasons that depend upon the historical context.

Gani Aldashev; Jean-Philippe Platteau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Chapter 2 - Tsunami Generation and Historical Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reveals that both tsunamis and tsunami-like waves are generated as a result of various causes, such as an undersea earthquake (also known as a seaquake) rupture process or, more frequently, the secondary triggered phenomena, such as landslides and/or other geodynamic phenomena, such as rockslides, large-scale gas emissions from the seafloor, volcanic eruptions, intense atmospheric disturbances, and asteroid impacts. According to the tsunami database, seaquakes, submarine landslides, volcanic eruptions, and atmospheric disturbances have been responsible for approximately 82%, 6%, 5%, and 3%, respectively, of tsunamis. Most of the historic seaquakes (i.e., earthquakes under the seafloor) have taken place at subduction zones. The presence of a deep-water trench, such as the Aleutian trench in the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone and the Kuril-Kamchatka trench in the Kuril-Kamchatka zone, is the main characteristic of the subduction zone. The depth at the trench axis is approximately twice as large as an average depth of the Pacific Ocean. Earthquake hypocenters are mainly located under the continental bottom slope. In this case, the opposite slope of this deep-water trench works like an optical lens for tsunami waves.

Antony Joseph

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Chapter 4 - Phytoremediation: Mechanisms and Adaptations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Metal contamination of soils is ubiquitous around the globe. Metals accumulate in the soils to toxic levels that may lead to accumulation of metals in plants to unacceptable levels. Metal accumulation is a subject of serious concern due to the threat to plant growth, soil quality, animal and human health. Cleaning up of the soils to remove metals is a current necessity, but it is a challenging task. Different technologies being used nowadays are ex situ which ensues in destruction of soil structure thus leaving it non-useable with poor vegetative cover. Growing plants to clean up the soils is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly alternative. Phytoremediation seems attractive due to non-invasive and non-destructive technology which leaves the soil intact and biologically productive. Plants use different adaptive mechanisms to accumulate or exclude metals, thus maintaining their growth. Accumulation and tolerance of metals by the plants is a complex phenomenon. Movement of metals across the root membrane, loading and translocation of metals through the xylem and sequestration and detoxification of metals at cellular and whole plant levels are important mechanisms adopted by accumulator plants. Understanding the mechanism involved in phytoremediation is necessary to effectively use this technique for metal-contaminated soils. This chapter discusses different mechanisms adopted by plants for remediation of metal-contaminated soils.

Muhammad Sabir; Ejaz Ahmad Waraich; Khalid Rehman Hakeem; Münir Öztürk; Hamaad Raza Ahmad; Muhammad Shahid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Chapter 9 - In-Home Deployments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In-home deployments can be used to study current behavior patterns or to evaluate prototype systems. Compared to other options such as lab studies, interviews, or surveys, in-home deployments offer unparalleled realism due to the in-situ nature of the deployment as part of the participants’ normal lives. However, in-home deployments require careful planning and considerable effort. This chapter will help in the planning and successful execution of home deployment studies by sharing insights drawn from our combined experience running many different studies in the home, and by using the deployment of the PreHeat prototype as a concrete example. Among the lessons we highlight are the importance of carefully considering the minimum viable prototype to build for deployment, the value of remote monitoring to catch problems, and the importance of flexibility and robustness in deployed systems to cope with unexpected issues in the home environment. By discussing the challenges we faced and the lessons we learned, we hope that others will be able to more easily conduct in-home deployments and gather the rich and informative data they provide. Our experiences have led us to develop and open source two platforms that strive to reduce the engineering effort required for deployments: .NET Gadgeteer (http://www.netmf.com/gadgeteer/), a prototyping platform for custom devices, and Lab of Things (http://www.lab-of-things.com/), an SDK (software development kit) that provides features such as remote monitoring and updates for home deployments.

A.J. Brush; Brian Meyers; James Scott

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Universal basis sets for electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of a ’’universal’’ basis set for electronic structure calculations is explored by presenting energy results obtained when basis sets are transferred from one atom to another. The calculations are performed using the diagrammatic techniques of many?body perturbation theory. A single universal basis set is shown to give uniformly accurate descriptions of the matrix Hartree–Fock and correlation energies of the He Be and Ne atoms.

David M. Silver; Stephen Wilson

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Chapter 5 R&D technological results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Most of the R&D effort in the area of petroleum biorefining has been concentrated on biodesulfurization (BDS), with a few scattered reports on bioconversion (BCK), and more recently, new findings being reported on biodenitrogenation (BDN) and biodemetallization (BDM). Enchira Biotechnology Corporation and formerly Energy BioSystems Corporation (EBC) spent the most money worldwide on microbial desulfurization researchsince 1992 until about 2002. The other major spender has been the Petroleum Energy Center (PEC) in Japan. EBC spent more than $50 million isolating, characterizing, and manipulating the desulfurization genes from a variety of microorganisms and developing and testing the reactor, separations, and recovery technology that is required to commercialize BDS. PEC has also been active in this area, and in 1994, pledged $50 million of its own for fundamental research and technology development. While for EBC, as a publicly traded company in the United States, its expenditures are easy to calculate based on annual reports, for PEC, which is a Japanese government–industry consortium, it is difficult to determine any actual spending amount. The multitude of collaborative efforts, exemplified in patents and papers that have appeared over the past 10 years from PEC and its collaborators, indicates a substantial and ambitious program.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Chapter 10 - Coal and Coalbed Gas: Outlook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The future of coal and coalbed gas future is intertwined as source and reservoir rocks. Coal generates coalbed gas during coalification (e.g. thermogenic gas) and methanogenesis (biogenic gas). These gas types occur as singular and mixed accumulations. Accumulation of biogenic coalbed gas has received worldwide research and development interests on sustaining production. The new coal-to-biogenic coalbed gas technology centers on stimulating indigenous microbes in coal and associated groundwater with bioengineered nutrients and amendments to “farm” gas from abandoned wells and non-gas-producing coals. Coal mainly as a basic fuel for electric power generation since the Industrial Revolution continues to be utilized despite environmental concerns. The outlook of coal is dimmed in the United States where natural gas has replaced power generation. However, in Asia and Europe continued economic growth is going to be fueled by coal and coalbed gas as liquefied natural gas will rely on combustion from more efficient, high-temperature power plants in the future.

Romeo M. Flores

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Exergy Loss: A Basis for Energy Taxing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper introduces exergy loss or entropy added as a basis for energy taxing. Exergy loss will be shown to account objectively...

Gerard Hirs

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Beyond Design Basis Events | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities...

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481

design basis threat | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

design basis threat | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

482

Lawrence Livermore National Laborotory Safety Basis Assessment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the WSF safety basis. The comprehensive review used a criteria and review approach document to guide the reviewers and examined documentation of controls and their...

483

14 - Economic factors affecting coal preparation: plant design worldwide and case studies illustrating economic impact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The economic drivers behind the differences in design of plants treating coal destined for thermal and metallurgical coal markets worldwide are considered. Differences between plant designs in Australia, South Africa and the United States for both coal types will be discussed. Environmental constraints on plant design will be reviewed, in particular the means of dealing with ‘dry rejects disposal’ and water scarcity. Dealing with the ever-deteriorating quality of plant feed material, with the inevitable increase in near density material, will also be considered.

P.J. Bethell

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

regulation coexist. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the ·  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

regulation coexist. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the · regulation coexist. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the · Continuing a discussion at the Federal level Chapter 7 industry's historyfrominceptiontoapproximatelywhen presents FERC's role in promoting competitive whole- deregulation and restructuring started. Chapter 3 sale electric power markets and restructuring the man- explains the infrastructure of the industry, detailing its agement, operation, and possibly the ownership of the generating, transmitting, and distributing components. Nation's high voltage bulk power transmission system. It also presents industry-wide statistics depicting how Although the bulk power transmission system does rot restructuring has changed the composition of the in- receive wide public attention, it plays a key role in the

485

HQFMSP Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, Surveys and Reviews 7, Surveys and Reviews HQFMSP Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews October 2013 2013 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews This chapter covers the HQ Security Survey Program, which has two primary functions. First, survey team members assist HQ program elements in establishing, maintaining, and deactivating their LAs, VTRs, and TLAs. Second, the survey team conducts an annual assessment of how well security activities are being performed throughout HQ. Problems they identify must be corrected to ensure that that HQ security interests are being properly protected. This chapter is maintained by the HQ Security Survey Program Manager in HS-92.s'> There are also controls over some foreign travel performed by DOE employees and contractors. Controls and required actions

486

HQFMSP Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, Surveys and Reviews 7, Surveys and Reviews HQFMSP Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews October 2013 2013 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 7, Surveys and Reviews This chapter covers the HQ Security Survey Program, which has two primary functions. First, survey team members assist HQ program elements in establishing, maintaining, and deactivating their LAs, VTRs, and TLAs. Second, the survey team conducts an annual assessment of how well security activities are being performed throughout HQ. Problems they identify must be corrected to ensure that that HQ security interests are being properly protected. This chapter is maintained by the HQ Security Survey Program Manager in HS-92.s'> There are also controls over some foreign travel performed by DOE employees and contractors. Controls and required actions

487

Geothermal Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook - Chapter 6 -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook - Chapter 6 - Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook - Chapter 6 - Drilling and Well Construction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Book Section: Geothermal Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook - Chapter 6 - Drilling and Well Construction Abstract Drilling and well construction (probably one of the most expensive features of a geothermal direct use project) is often the least understood. This chapter provides the basics of equipment and methods used for drilling and completion of geothermal wells. It provides data needed by architects, engineers, and consultants to assist them in specification writing, selection of contractors, and drilling and completion inspection. Author Gene Culver Published Geo-Heat Center, 1998 DOI Not Provided

488

Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures 31.1CostReasonableness0.pdf 31.2AllowableFoodandBeverageCostsatDOEandCo...

489

Title 16 Alaska Statutes Chapter 20 Fish and Game Conservation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fish and Game Conservation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Title 16 Alaska Statutes Chapter 20 Fish and Game...

490

Title 5 Alaska Administrative Code Chapter 95 Protection of Fish...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chapter 95 Protection of Fish and Game Habitat Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 5 Alaska...

491

Microsoft Word - Chapter 8_2-9-11  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

cumulative impacts are identified in Chapter 6. Based on the general plans of the city of Oak Ridge and the surrounding counties, Y-12 and much of the surrounding area have been...

492

30 TAC, part 1, chapter 334 Underground storage tanks general...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Underground storage tanks general provisions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 334...

493

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 1, Physical Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 1, Physical Security Describes DOE Headquarters Physical Security procedures related to badges, inspections, access controls, visitor controls, and removal of government property.

494

Chapter 1 Purpose of and Need for Action  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Acronyms. Chapter 1 Purpose of and Need for Action Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to build a 500-kilovolt (kV) lattice-steel tower transmission line that...

495

Chapter 3. Primary school teachers' convictions 35 mathematical infinity36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. As we have seen in chapter 1, this subject is still fascinating and provides the humankind not finish, i.e. it has no "end". There will always be a "greater" number than the one taken

Spagnolo, Filippo

496

Chapter_13_Controlled_Unclassified_Information_10_28_2014  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

marking documents containing CUI. To access the DOE CMPC Marking Resource go to: http:www.energy.govsitesprodfiles201305f1DOECMPCMarkingResource0.pdf Chapter 13-4...

497

Chapter 18 - Pipeline Vibration and Condition Based Maintenance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter comprises two integrated parts. The first part of the chapter devotes to a detailed discussion of the mechanism leading to pipeline vibration and the effect of internal and external fluid flow on the pipeline vibration. It summarizes the formulations used for the design of optimal free span length of pipeline segments under different boundary conditions and pipeline operating conditions. Different measures used to mitigate pipeline vibration are also briefly discussed in the section. The procedures of pipeline condition based maintenance (CBM) are discussed in the second part of the chapter using vibration and other corrective maintenance (CM) parameters as asset health indicators. The typical models including P–F curve model, proportional hazard model, and proportional covariate model used to determine the optimal threshold and inspection intervals in CBM are introduced and discussed. The chapter also discusses the optimization of long-term maintenance activities using reliability based preventive maintenance decision-making approach.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Chapter 2 - Threats and Hazards at Educational Institutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the threats and hazards currently facing school administrators. It separately covers school districts (K-12) and higher education (colleges and universities), and includes information about legislation and protection measures.

Philip Purpura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Forest Service Handbook 2709.11 - Special Uses Handbook, Chapter...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Service Handbook 2709.11 - Special Uses Handbook, Chapter 10 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Guide...

500

Forest Service Handbook 2709.11 - Special Uses Handbook, Chapter...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Service Handbook 2709.11 - Special Uses Handbook, Chapter 20 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Guide...