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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

World Energy Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

World Energy Resources ... Coal reserves are by far the largest proved energy sources we have, said Parker. ...

1954-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

2

Preliminary Geospatial Analysis of Arctic Ocean Hydrocarbon Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ice coverage of the Arctic Ocean is predicted to become thinner and to cover less area with time. The combination of more ice-free waters for exploration and navigation, along with increasing demand for hydrocarbons and improvements in technologies for the discovery and exploitation of new hydrocarbon resources have focused attention on the hydrocarbon potential of the Arctic Basin and its margins. The purpose of this document is to 1) summarize results of a review of published hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic, including both conventional oil and gas and methane hydrates and 2) develop a set of digital maps of the hydrocarbon potential of the Arctic Ocean. These maps can be combined with predictions of ice-free areas to enable estimates of the likely regions and sequence of hydrocarbon production development in the Arctic. In this report, conventional oil and gas resources are explicitly linked with potential gas hydrate resources. This has not been attempted previously and is particularly powerful as the likelihood of gas production from marine gas hydrates increases. Available or planned infrastructure, such as pipelines, combined with the geospatial distribution of hydrocarbons is a very strong determinant of the temporal-spatial development of Arctic hydrocarbon resources. Significant unknowns decrease the certainty of predictions for development of hydrocarbon resources. These include: 1) Areas in the Russian Arctic that are poorly mapped, 2) Disputed ownership: primarily the Lomonosov Ridge, 3) Lack of detailed information on gas hydrate distribution, and 4) Technical risk associated with the ability to extract methane gas from gas hydrates. Logistics may control areas of exploration more than hydrocarbon potential. Accessibility, established ownership, and leasing of exploration blocks may trump quality of source rock, reservoir, and size of target. With this in mind, the main areas that are likely to be explored first are the Bering Strait and Chukchi Sea, in spite of the fact that these areas do not have highest potential for future hydrocarbon reserves. Opportunities for improving the mapping and assessment of Arctic hydrocarbon resources include: 1) Refining hydrocarbon potential on a basin-by-basin basis, 2) Developing more realistic and detailed distribution of gas hydrate, and 3) Assessing the likely future scenarios for development of infrastructure and their interaction with hydrocarbon potential. It would also be useful to develop a more sophisticated approach to merging conventional and gas hydrate resource potential that considers the technical uncertainty associated with exploitation of gas hydrate resources. Taken together, additional work in these areas could significantly improve our understanding of the exploitation of Arctic hydrocarbons as ice-free areas increase in the future.

Long, Philip E.; Wurstner, Signe K.; Sullivan, E. C.; Schaef, Herbert T.; Bradley, Donald J.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

World Resources Institute (WRI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resources Institute (WRI) Resources Institute (WRI) (Redirected from World Resources Institute) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Resources Institute Name World Resources Institute Address 10 G Street, NE (Suite 800) Place Washington, District of Columbia Zip 20002 Year founded 1982 Phone number (202) 729-7600 Coordinates 38.8989821°, -77.0081139° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8989821,"lon":-77.0081139,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Application of Resource-Ratio Theory to Hydrocarbon Biodegradation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of Resource-Ratio Theory to Hydrocarbon Biodegradation ... We suggest that the procedures outlined here can be used to help guide practical decisions about the nutrients that are most likely to be growth-limiting and help define the subsequent nutrient application rates. ...

Val H. Smith; David W. Graham; Dale D. Cleland

1998-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

5

World Resources Institute Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Resources Institute Feed World Resources Institute Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de Energías Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

6

World Coal Resources and their Future Potential [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 May 1974 research-article World Coal Resources and their Future Potential...inferences from the published figures of world coal resources which are based on a variety...procedures, there can be no doubt that coal is the world's most abundant fossil fuel...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

World Resources Institute REC RFP, August 27, 2007  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

August 27, 2007 August 27, 2007 REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Issued by: World Resources Institute on behalf of select corporate partners in the GREEN POWER MARKET DEVELOPMENT GROUP BACKGROUND Convened in 2000 by the World Resources Institute, the Green Power Market Development Group is a unique commercial and industrial partnership dedicated to building corporate markets for green power. The Group is transforming energy markets to enable corporate buyers to diversify their energy portfolios and reduce their impact on climate change. Group partners are Alcoa Inc., British Telecom, the Dow Chemical Company, DuPont, FedEx Kinko's, General Motors, Georgia-Pacific LLC, Google, IBM, Interface, Johnson & Johnson, Michelin NA Inc., NatureWorks LLC, Pitney Bowes,

8

Real-world Quantum Sensors: Evaluating Resources for Precision Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum physics holds the promise of enabling certain tasks with better performance than possible when only classical resources are employed. The quantum phenomena present in many experiments signify nonclassical behavior, but do not always imply superior performance. Quantifying the enhancement achieved from quantum behavior requires careful analysis of the resources involved. We analyze the specific case of parameter estimation using an optical interferometer, where increased precision can be achieved using quantum probe states. Common performance measures are examined and it is shown that some overestimate the improvement. For the simplest experimental case we compare the different measures and show this overestimate explicitly. We give the preferred analysis of real-world experiments and calculate benchmark values for experimental parameters necessary to realize a precision enhancement.

Nicholas Thomas-Peter; Brian J Smith; Animesh Datta; Lijian Zhang; Uwe Dorner; Ian A Walmsley

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, ASCE/EWRI Omaha, Nebraska, May 21 26, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, ASCE/EWRI Omaha, Nebraska, May 21 ­ 26, 2006 1 Integrated Watershed Management Robert Pitt1 1 Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental be an important tool in an integrated watershed #12;World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, ASCE

Pitt, Robert E.

10

2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion COUNTRY NOTES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 573 and personal communication. Valuable inputs were provided by Don Lennard of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion in the technology. #12;2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 574

11

Quantifying the Uncertainty in Estimates of World Conventional Oil Resources.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since Hubbert proposed the "peak oil" concept to forecast ultimate recovery of crude oil for the U.S. and the world, there have been countless debates (more)

Tien, Chih-Ming

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Long Term World Oil Supply (A Resource Base/Production Path Analysis)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Long Term World Oil Supply Long Term World Oil Supply (A Resource Base/Production Path Analysis) 07/28/2000 Click here to start Table of Contents Long Term World Oil Supply (A Resource Base/Production Path Analysis) Executive Summary Executive Summary (Continued) Executive Summary (Continued) Overview The Year of Peak Production..When will worldwide conventional oil production peak?... Lower 48 Crude Oil Reserves & Production 1945-2000 Texas Oil and Condensate Production, and Texas First Purchase Price (FPP), 1980-1999 Published Estimates of World Oil Ultimate Recovery Different Interpretations of a Hypothetical 6,000 Billion Barrel World Original Oil-in-Place Resource Base Campbell-Laherrère World Oil Production Estimates, 1930-2050 Laherrere’s Oil Production Forecast, 1930-2150

13

World oil and gas resources-future production realities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Welcome to uncertainty was the phrase Jack Schanz used to introduce both layman and professionals to the maze of petroleum energy data that must be comprehended to achieve understanding of this critical commodity. Schanz was referring to the variables as he and his colleagues with Resources for the Future saw them in those years soon after the energy-awakening oil embargo of 1973. In some respects, the authors have made progress in removing uncertainty from energy data, but in general, we simply must accept that there are many points of view and many ways for the blindman to describe the elephant. There can be definitive listing of all uncertainties, but for this paper the authors try to underscore those traits of petroleum occurrence and supply that the author's believe bear most heavily on the understanding of production and resource availability. Because oil and gas exist in nature under such variable conditions and because the products themselves are variable in their properties, the authors must first recognize classification divisions of the resource substances, so that the reader might always have a clear perception of just what we are talking about and how it relates to other components of the commodity in question.

Masters, C.D.; Root, D.H.; Attanasi, E.D. (U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Jordan Boyd-Graber. Linguistic Resource Creation in a Web 2.0 World. NSF Workshop on Collaborative Annotation, 2011.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jordan Boyd-Graber. Linguistic Resource Creation in a Web 2.0 World. NSF Workshop on Collaborative Annotation, 2011. @inproceedings{Boyd-Graber-2011, Author = {Jordan Boyd-Graber}, Booktitle = {NSF Workshop in a Web 2.0 World}, } 1 #12;Linguistic Resource Creation in a Web 2.0 World Jordan Boyd-Graber jbg

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

15

Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

AL-Gailani, M. [GeoDesign Ltd., Kingston-upon-Thames (United Kingdom)

1996-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

16

Top-of-the-World, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Top-of-the-World, Arizona: Energy Resources Top-of-the-World, Arizona: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.3494997°, -110.9926154° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.3494997,"lon":-110.9926154,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Operations and Information Engineering Course description: We look at the world from the perspective of resource management. There  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the world from the perspective of resource management. There are six classes of resources: three active classes (physical, financial and informational) and three passive classes (time, energy and risk Blackboard. Prerequisites: Students are expected to have a background in statistics (ORF 245/405, or ECO 300

Powell, Warren B.

18

Microsoft PowerPoint - The Future Energy Resource Mix in a CC World  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The The Future Energy Resource Mix In A Carbon Constrained World Blake L. Elliott Director Electric Supply Planning Board of Public Utilities belliott@bpu.com 913.573.6837 2 Outline * What is happening in the industry? * What should be happening in the industry? * My mission today offer you a choice - blue pill - blissful ignorance - red pill - the painful truth 3 Al Gore - December 2006 By 2020, I hope the environment agenda recognizes the interconnectedness of our environmental, social and economic challenges. The days of silo thinking are over. Today, it is impossible to understand the implications of climate change without understanding the related issues of ecosystem services, water security, public health, urbanization, migration, and even poverty. http://www.mistra.org/mistra/english/news/news/asystemsviewofclimatec hange.5.51ddd3b10fa0c64b248000833.html 4 Global

19

Chapter 12 - Reinventing Industrial Energy Use in a Resource-Constrained World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes the progress made to date and the magnitude of the remaining opportunities, stemming both from broader use of current best practices and from a range of possible advances enabled by emerging technologies and innovations. It begins by focusing on the potential for improving energy efficiency in several major energy-consuming industries. After describing the principal barriers to deployment of energy-efficient technologies particularly in the U.S., it explores policy innovations that have successfully transformed industrial practices in five countries: the Netherlands, Denmark, India, Japan, and China. The goal is to identify lessons that can shift industry toward greater efficiency across the globe, thereby becoming part of the climate solution. The chapter also explains the dual goals of advancing energy efficiency at industrial plants and advancing product innovation for broader use are both critical to promoting the more productive consumption of energy in a resource-constrained world. In an increasingly resource-constrained world, improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential. In addition to its environmental, security, and competitiveness benefits, energy efficiency delivers a return on investment that contributes to the profitability of enterprises. Using international technology and policy benchmarking, this chapter examines the energy productivity of U.S. industry and its role as a technology innovator, supplying next-generation green and clean technologies. After reviewing the barriers and drivers of improved practices drawing from international case studies, the chapter concludes that the dual goals of advancing energy efficiency at industrial plants and advancing product innovation are critical to promoting the productive use of energy.

Marilyn A. Brown; Rodrigo Cortes-Lobos; Matthew Cox

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Preliminary Evaluation of the Adequacy of Lithium Resources of the World and China for D-T Fusion Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studied the adequacy of the World and China lithium resources, considering the most promising uses in the future, involving nuclear fusion and electric-vehicles. The lithium recycle model for D-T fusion power plant and electric-vehicles, and the logistic growth prediction model of the primary energy for the World and China were constructed. Based on these models, preliminary evaluation of lithium resources adequacy of the World and China for D-T fusion reactors was presented under certain assumptions. Results show that: a. The world terrestrial reserves of lithium seems too limited to support a significant D-T power program, but the lithium reserves of China are relatively abundant, compared with the world case. b. The lithium resources contained in the oceans can be called the "permanent" energy. c. The change in 6Li enrichment has no obvious effect on the availability period of the lithium resources using FDS-II (Liquid Pb-17Li breeder blanket) type of reactors, but it has a stronger effect when PPCS-B (Solid Li4 SiO4 ceramics breeder blanket) is used.

Wang Yongliang (???); Ni Muyi (???); Jiang Jieqiong (???); Wu Yican (???); FDS-Team

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE ASSESSMENT AND SITE EVALUATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE, Germany ** German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 and diffuse irradiance model of Dumortier [5]. Both use

Heinemann, Detlev

22

I. Canada EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment I. CANADA SUMMARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by this resource study. Figure I-1 illustrates certain of the major shale gas and shale oil basins in

unknown authors

23

representational resources highly sensitive to smaller scale causal (and functional) variations in the world.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

representational resources highly sensitive to smaller scale causal (and functional) variations for comments on a previous draft. Conceptual discontinuity involves recycling old processes in new domains doi boundaries, as well as boundaries between perceptual­motor and conceptual cognitive resources may be useful

Landy, David

24

Vietnam's Timber Market Attains Position as World's Fourth Largest Hardwood Chip Exporter, Reports Wood Resource Quarterly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Resource Quarterly Chip mills running at a reduced rate due to a lack of logs For Immediate of plantation Eucalyptus and Acacia wood chips to the pulp industry in both Japan and China. The country has exporter, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly. Vietnam has become a major exporter of wood chips in a short

25

Fossil resource and energy security dynamics in conventional and carbon-constrained worlds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fossil resource endowments and the future development of fossil fuel prices are important factors that will critically influence the nature and direction of the global energy system. In this paper we analyze a multi-model ensemble of long-term energy and emissions scenarios that were developed within the framework of the EMF27 integrated assessment model inter-comparison exercise. The diverse nature of these models highlights large uncertainties in the likely development of fossil resource (coal, oil, and natural gas) consumption, trade, and prices over the course of the twenty-first century and under different climate policy frameworks. We explore and explain some of the differences across scenarios and models and compare the scenario results with fossil resource estimates from the literature. A robust finding across the suite of IAMs is that the cumulative fossil fuel consumption foreseen by the models is well within the bounds of estimated recoverable reserves and resources. Hence, fossil resource constraints are, in and of themselves, unlikely to limit future GHG emissions. Our analysis also shows that climate mitigation policies could lead to a major reallocation of financial flows between regions, in terms of expenditures on fossil fuels and carbon, and can help to alleviate near-term energy security concerns via the reductions in oil imports and increases in energy system diversity they will help to motivate.

McCollum, David; Bauer, Nico; Calvin, Katherine V.; Kitous, Alban; Riahi, Keywan

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Radical scavengers from heavy hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydrogen-donating properties of some hydrocarbons form the basis for processes such as coal liquefaction and heavy oil upgrading. However, these hydrocarbons have seldom been used for other purposes, because their potential applications have not been well recognized. Research has indicated that these hydrogen-donating hydrocarbons can be used in important reactions as radical scavengers and have properties particular to those of pure hydrocarbons without functional groups containing heteroatoms. Over years of study researchers have found that pure hydrocarbons with radical-scavenging effects nearly as high as those in conventional hindered phenolic antioxidants can be produced from petroleum, and these hydrogen-donating hydrocarbons exhibit such effects even in oxidative atmospheres (i.e., they function as antioxidants). He has also shown that these mixtures have some properties particular to pure hydrocarbons without functional groups containing heteroatoms, and they`ve seen that a mechanism based on the steric effects appears when these hydrocarbons are used in heavy oil hydroprocessing. Hydrogen-donating hydrocarbons should be a viable resource in many applications. In this article, he presents radical-scavenging abilities, characteristics as pure hydrocarbons, and applications on the basis of the studies.

Kubo, Junichi [Nippon Oil Co. Ltd. (Japan)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

National human resource development in the developing world: the Republic of Kazakhstan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first was to explore, describe and define the emerging construct of Human Resource Development (HRD) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RKZ). The second was to examine specific national contexts and associated...

Kenzhegaranova, Madina

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

DNA Damage from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Measured by Benzo[a]pyrene-DNA Adducts in Mothers and Newborns from Northern Manhattan, The World Trade Center Area, Poland, and China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may disproportionately increase...adducts|polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons|cancer|susceptibility...Introduction Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are common environmental...air, food, and drinking water from incomplete combustion...

Frederica Perera; Deliang Tang; Robin Whyatt; Sally Ann Lederman; and Wieslaw Jedrychowski

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources / Related Web Sites Resources / Related Web Sites Buildings-Related Resources Windows & Glazing Resources Energy-Related Resources International Resources Telephone Directories Buildings-Related Resources California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE) Center for Building Science (CBS) at LBNL Department of Energy (DOE) DOE Energy Efficiency home page Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse Fact sheets in both HTML for standard web browsers and PDF format using Adobe Acrobat Reader (free). National Fenestration Rating Council home page Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EREN) back to top... Windows & Glazing Resources National Glass Association (NGA) LBNL Building Technologies Fenestration R&D news LBNL Center for Building Science (CBS) Newsletter

30

Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case studies and additional resources on implementing renewable energy in Federal new construction and major renovations are available.

31

Selective aerobic oxidation of hydrocarbons over supported gold catalysts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The selective oxidation of hydrocarbons is of vital importance for the production of valuable chemicals from crude oil and natural gas resources. Unfortunately, when using (more)

Hereijgers, B.P.C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

World Shale Resources  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

with crude oil approaching the 1970 all-time high of 9.6 million barrels per day * Light-duty vehicle energy use declines sharply reflecting slowing growth in vehicle miles...

33

Introduction Overview: World Energy Resources and the Need for Biomass for Energy and Lower Fossil Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most of the worlds petroleum is located in politically unstable ... has continued to decline since 1970 as its reserves are depleted. The resulting large petroleum imports ... emissions. Thus, development and co...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

35

The role of the United States Water Resources Engineering Community in responding to the water related needs of the developing world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 5 Structure of Research. ? II DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS. . . . . 2. 1 Defining Development. . 2. 2 Defining World Regions. 2. 3 Development Indicators . . 2. 4 The Process of Development. 20 34 IH THE ROLE OF WATER... Benefits. . 4. 3 The Interrelationship of Benefits. . 57 57 63 CHAPTER V U. S. INVOLVEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES??. 5. 1 Need For U. S. Involvement. . 5. 2 General Assistance 5. 3 Water Resources Sector. Page 66 66 71 VI CHANNELS...

Ormond, Timothy Paul

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Naphthenic hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important type of naphthenic hydrocarbons is the monocyclic type, (k/sub 2/, 0, 0). In this instance the number of carbon atoms, n = k/sub 2/, and a formula, C/sub n/H/sub 2n/, can be written where H/C = 2. The value n can vary from 2 to infinity. In the case of n = 2, it is ethylene (I) (2-membered cyclic ring); n = 3, cyclopropane (II) (3-membered cyclic ring); n = 4, cyclobutane (III) (4-membered cyclic ring); etc. If the monocyclic naphthenic is planar, then the bond angle theta can be expressed as theta = (1 - 2/n)..pi.. where n is the number of carbon atoms. However, the tetrahedron angle of the carbon atom being phi = cos/sup -1/ (- 1/3).

Yen, T.F.; Kuo, J.F.; Chilingarian, G.V.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Unconventional Fossil Energy Resource Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fields, and enormous amounts of hydrocarbons are locked in unconventional reservoirs (oil shale, heavy oil, tar sands). * Economic extraction of these resources will require...

38

Combustion of viscous hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for utilizing viscous hydrocarbons as combustible fuels comprising: (A) forming a hydrocarbosol using a surfactant package in a proportion of about 1:100 to about 1:20,000 by weight based on hydrocarbon, (1) the surfactant package comprising (a) at least one water-soluble surfactant, an effective amount of which surfactant promotes emulsification of a hydrocarbon with API gravity of about 20/sup 0//sup o/ API or less; and (b) at least one water-soluble bioemulsifier, being a microboally-derived substance which predominantly resides at hydrocarbon/water interfaces to substantially surround hydrocarbon droplets in hydrocarbon-in-water emulsions; (2) the hydrocarbosol (a) comprising a hydrocarbon characterized by an API gravity of about 20/sup 0//sup o/ API or less; (b) having a hydrocarbon:water ratio of about 70:30 by volume; and (B) burning the resultant hydrocarbosol.

Hayes, M.E.; Hrebenar, K.R.; Murphy, P.L.; Futch, L.E. Jr.; Deal, J.F. III

1986-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

39

Combustion of viscous hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for utilizing viscous hydrocarbons as combustible pre-atomized fuels, comprising: (A) forming a hydrocarbon-in-water emulsion using an effective amount of a surfactant package comprising at least one water-soluble surfactant, the hydrocarbon-in-water emulsion (1) comprising a hydrocarbon characterized by API gravity of about 20/sup 0/ API or less, viscosity of about 1000 centipoise or greater at 212/sup 0/F., a paraffin content of about 50% by weight or less and, an aromatic content of about 15% by weight or greater, and (2) having a hydrocarbon water ratio from about 60:40 to about 90:10 by volume; and (B) burning the resultant hydrocarbon-in-water emulsion.

Hayes, M.E.; Hrebenar, K.R.; Murphy, P.L.; Futch, L.E. Jr.; Deal, J.F. III; Bolden, P.L. Jr.

1987-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

40

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Apparatus for recovering gaseous hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Hydrocarbon Potential of Deep Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Hydrocarbon Potential of Deep Water H. R. Warman In...the geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Earth's deeper water areas, an attempt...United Kingdom 1981 Hydrocarbon potential of deep water Warman H. R. Author...

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing vapors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Values are recovered from a hydrocarbon-containing vapor by contacting the vapor with quench liquid consisting essentially of hydrocarbons to form a condensate and a vapor residue, the condensate and quench fluid forming a combined liquid stream. The combined liquid stream is mixed with a viscosity-lowering liquid to form a mixed liquid having a viscosity lower than the viscosity of the combined liquid stream to permit easy handling of the combined liquid stream. The quench liquid is a cooled portion of the mixed liquid. Viscosity-lowering liquid is separated from a portion of the mixed liquid and cycled to form additional mixed liquid.

Mirza, Zia I. (La Verne, CA); Knell, Everett W. (Los Alamitos, CA); Winter, Bruce L. (Danville, CA)

1980-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

45

George A. Olah, Carbocation and Hydrocarbon Chemistry  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

George A. Olah, Carbocation and Hydrocarbon Chemistry George A. Olah, Carbocation and Hydrocarbon Chemistry Resources with Additional Information · Patents George A. Olah Courtesy Rand Larson, Morningstar Productions George Olah received the 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contribution to carbocation chemistry" and his 'role in the chemistry of hydrocarbons. In particular, he developed superacids ... that are much stronger than ordinary acids, are non-nucleophilic, and are fluid at low temperatures. In such media ... carbocations are stable and their physical properties ... can be observed, thus allowing details of their structures to be determined. Besides trivalent ions ... Olah demonstrated the existence of higher coordinate carbocations ... . These species do not violate the octet rule, but involve 2-electron 3-center bonding. '1

46

Plasma Processing Of Hydrocarbon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) developed several patented plasma technologies for hydrocarbon processing. The INL patents include nonthermal and thermal plasma technologies for direct natural gas to liquid conversion, upgrading low value heavy oil to synthetic light crude, and to convert refinery bottom heavy streams directly to transportation fuel products. Proof of concepts has been demonstrated with bench scale plasma processes and systems to convert heavy and light hydrocarbons to higher market value products. This paper provides an overview of three selected INL patented plasma technologies for hydrocarbon conversion or upgrade.

Grandy, Jon D; Peter C. Kong; Brent A. Detering; Larry D. Zuck

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Arctic energy resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arctic is a vulnerable region with immense resources. These range from the replenishable (tidal energy, hydroelectricity, wood, biomass, fish, game, and geothermal energy) to the non-replenishable (coal, minerals, natural gas, hydrocarbon deposits). But the problems of exploiting such resources without damaging the environment of the Arctic are formidable. In this book all aspects are considered: occurrence of energy resources; the technological and economic aspects of exploration and exploitation; the environmental and social impact of technological development.

Rey, L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

World Oil and Gas Picture Bright  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world's hydrocarbon energy picture is rosy and promises to shape up even better in coming years. ... World oil reserves may eventually hit 500 billion metric tons, more than 10 times those estimated for the end of 1962, according to Prof. E. H. A. Bentz. ...

1962-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

49

A REVIEW OF PREVIOUS USGS WORLD ENERGY ASSESSMENTS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of world undiscovered conventional natural-gas resources and identified (discovered) natural-gas reserves-145-97 (October, 1997), entitled "Changing perceptions of world oil and gas resources as shown........................................................RV-1 World Gas Resources Were Viewed as Less Exploited Than Those of Oil............RV-2 Total World

Laughlin, Robert B.

50

8th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES 2009: Urban waters: resource or risks? 2-5 June 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

remediation technology for waste and wastewater treatment because of its potential to degrade organic technology for wastewater treatment and energy resource, because it is based on electrochemically active in rural areas, where they have faced a complex array of energy and resource problems for a long time

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

Kinetics simulation for natural gas conversion to unsaturated C? hydrocarbons.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Natural gas resource is abundant and can be found throughout the world. But most natural gas reserves are at remote sites and considered stranded because (more)

Yang, Li

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, R.L.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

53

HYDROCARBONS FROM PLANTS: ANALYTICAL METHODS AND OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have suggested that certain plants rich in hydrocarbon-like materials might be cultivated for renewable photosynthetic products. Two species were selected for experimental plantations: Euphorbia lathyris, an annual from seed and Euphorbia tirucalli, a perennial from cuttings, The yield from each species is over 10 barrels of oil/acre/year without genetic or agronomic improvement. In addition to plants, there are trees, such as species of Copaifera in Brazil and other tropical areas, which produce a diesel-like oil upon tapping. Each tree produces approximately 40 liters of hydrocarbon per year, and this material can be used directly by a diesel-powered car. Further efforts to develop plants as alternate energy sources are underway, as well as a continuing search for additional plant species throughout the world which have a similar capability.

Calvin, Melvin

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Assessment of natural and anthropogenic hydrocarbon inputs using PAHs as tracers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce liquid hydrocarbons and water. -- Coal-to-liquids (CTLs) are derived either by pyrolysis of coal authors accept that conventional oil resources are at an advanced stage of depletion and that liquid fuels is a heterogeneous mix of hydrocarbons that remain in liquid phase when extracted to the surface. -- Condensate

55

Carbon neutral hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...depends on a source of primary energy to drive the required chemical...synthetic hydrocarbons are an energy carrier produced from a primary energy source such as wind, nuclear...Gustavsson et al. 2007), using a conversion value of $1.00=0.72...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Optrode for sensing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-phase system employing the Fujiwara reaction is provided for the fluorometric detection of halogenated hydrocarbons. A fiber optic is utilized to illuminate a column of pyridine trapped in a capillary tube coaxially attached at one end to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A strongly alkaline condition necessary for the reaction is maintained by providing a reservoir of alkali in contact with the column of pyridine, the surface of contact being adjacent to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A semipermeable membrane caps the other end of the capillary tube, the membrane being preferentially permeable to the halogenated hydrocarbon and but preferentially impermeable to water and pyridine. As the halogenated hydrocarbon diffuses through the membrane and into the column of pyridine, fluorescent reaction products are formed. Light propagated by the fiber optic from a light source, excites the fluorescent products. Light from the fluorescence emission is also collected by the same fiber optic and transmitted to a detector. The intensity of the fluorescence gives a measure of the concentration of the halogenated hydrocarbons.

Miller, Holly (Bethel Island, CA); Milanovich, Fred P. (Lafayette, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA); Miller, Fred S. (Bethel Island, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Optrode for sensing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-phase system employing the Fujiwara reaction is provided for the fluorometric detection of halogenated hydrocarbons. A fiber optic is utilized to illuminate a column of pyridine trapped in a capillary tube coaxially attached at one end to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A strongly alkaline condition necessary for the reaction is maintained by providing a reservoir of alkali in contact with the column of pyridine, the surface of contact being adjacent to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A semipermeable membrane caps the other end of the capillary tube, the membrane being preferentially permeable to the halogenated hydrocarbon and but preferentially impermeable to water and pyridine. As the halogenated hydrocarbon diffuses through the membrane and into the column of pyridine, fluorescent reaction products are formed. Light propagated by the fiber optic from a light source, excites the fluorescent products. Light from the fluorescence emission is also collected by the same fiber optic and transmitted to a detector. The intensity of the fluorescence gives a measure of the concentration of the halogenated hydrocarbons. 5 figs.

Miller, H.; Milanovich, F.P.; Hirschfeld, T.B.; Miller, F.S.

1988-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

58

Optrode for sensing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-phase system employing the Fujiwara reaction is provided for the fluorometric detection of halogenated hydrocarbons. A fiber optic is utilized to illuminate a column of pyridine trapped in a capillary tube coaxially attached at one end to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A strongly alkaline condition necessary for the reaction is maintained by providing a reservoir of alkali in contact with the column of pyridine, the surface of contact being adjacent to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A semipermeable membrane caps the other end of the capillary tube, the membrane being preferentially permeable to the halogenated hydrocarbon but preferentially impermeable to water and pyridine. As the halogenated hydrocarbon diffuses through the membrane and into the column of pyridine, fluorescent reaction products are formed. Light propagated by the fiber optic from a light source, excites the fluorescent products. Light from the fluorescence emission is also collected by the same fiber optic and transmitted to a detector. The intensity of the fluorescence gives a measure of the concentration of the halogenated hydrocarbons. 6 figs.

Miller, H.; Milanovich, F.P.; Hirschfeld, T.B.; Miller, F.S.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

Optrode for sensing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-phase system employing the Fujiwara reaction is provided for the fluorometric detection of halogenated hydrocarbons. A fiber optic is utilized to illuminate a column of pyridine trapped in a capillary tube coaxially attached at one end to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A strongly alkaline condition necessary for the reaction is maintained by providing a reservoir of alkali in contact with the column of pyridine, the surface of contact being adjacent to the illuminating end of the fiber optic. A semipermeable membrane caps the other end of the capillary tube, the membrane being preferentially permeable to the halogenated hydrocarbon and but preferentially impermeable to water and pyridine. As the halogenated hydrocarbon diffuses through the membrane and into the column of pyridine, fluorescent reaction products are formed. Light propagated by the fiber optic from a light source, excites the fluorescent products. Light from the fluorescence emission is also collected by the same fiber optic and transmitted to a detector. The intensity of the fluorescence gives a measure of the concentration of the halogenated hydrocarbons.

Miller, Holly (Bethel Island, CA); Milanovich, Fred P. (Lafayette, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA); Miller, Fred S. (Bethel Island, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters: resource or risks? 26-30 October 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stormwater management; source control; hydrological models; sustainability; Best Management Practices, especially in U.S. literature, as Best Management Practices (BMPs). Other denominations exist, referring9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

4 - Coal resources and reserves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Coal resources still make up a significant proportion of the worlds energy supplies. Coal resources are estimated to be 860 billion tonnes. These resources are geographically well distributed and current production provides fuel for 29% of the worlds primary energy consumption. The classification of coal resources and reserves has been redefined in recent years, with the standards and codes of practice adopted by the principal coal-producing countries being equated on a global basis. Details of the principal classifications are given, together with their international equivalents. Reporting of resources and reserves plus methods of calculation are also given, together with recent assessments of global coal reserves.

L.P. Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

THERMOCHEMISTRY OF HYDROCARBON RADICALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas phase negative ion chemistry methods are employed to determine enthalpies of formation of hydrocarbon radicals that are important in combustion processes and to investigate the dynamics of ion-molecule reactions. Using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry, we measure collisional threshold energies of endoergic proton transfer and hydrogen atom transfer reactions of hydrocarbon molecules with negative reagent ions. The measured reaction threshold energies for proton transfer yield the relative gas phase acidities. In an alternative methodology, competitive collision-induced dissociation of proton-bound ion-molecule complexes provides accurate gas phase acidities relative to a reference acid. Combined with the electron affinity of the R {center_dot} radical, the gas phase acidity yields the RH bond dissociation energy of the corresponding neutral molecule, or equivalently the enthalpy of formation of the R{center_dot} organic radical, using equation: D(R-H) = {Delta}{sub acid}H(RH) + EA(R) - IE(H). The threshold energy for hydrogen abstraction from a hydrocarbon molecule yields its hydrogen atom affinity relative to the reagent anion, providing the RH bond dissociation energy directly. Electronic structure calculations are used to evaluate the possibility of potential energy barriers or dynamical constrictions along the reaction path, and as input for RRKM and phase space theory calculations. In newer experiments, we have measured the product velocity distributions to obtain additional information on the energetics and dynamics of the reactions.

Kent M. Ervin, Principal Investigator

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

The world energy supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pattern of the world's energy supply has undergone dramatic changes over the last century, and particularly over the last twenty years. The growth in the world's population and the ever-greater demand for energy will lead to the global environment being subjected to considerable strain. The world will require a new type of energy system, one that is technically feasible, but which will face many difficulties in gaining social and economic acceptance. The world's future energy supply will depend upon the rational exploitation of resources and the development of high technical standards in the fields of reliability and safety. The required social changes will include a change to more energy-conserving life styles and a strengthening of international co-operation in long-term energy and environmental research and development.

L.H.Th. Rietjens

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Isoconversional Kinetic Analysis of the Combustion of Heavy Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One method to access unconventional, heavy-oil resources as well as waterflood residual oil is to apply in situ combustion (ISC) to oxidize in place a small fraction of the hydrocarbon, thereby providing heat to reduce oil viscosity and pressure that enhances recovery. ... As shown by Vyazovkin,(12) these deviations of temperature yield erroneous values of activation energy, when such a data set is used with a model that assumes linear heating. ... Estimates were made of the heat produced, and a formula was derived for computing the heat of combustion of hydrocarbons in the high-temp. ...

Murat Cinar; Louis M. Castanier; Anthony R. Kovscek

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

65

The Utilization of Certain Hydrocarbons by Microorganisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...UTILIZATION OF CERTAIN HYDROCARBONS BY MICROORGANISMS...1940 INTRODUCTION Hydrocarbons, as a class, represent...obtained by comparing the heat of combustion of some six carbon...biological utilization of hydrocarbons as sources of energy...

L. D. Bushnell; H. F. Haas

1941-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Interaction between Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons and Nucleosides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...addition, the findings that hydrocarbons inhibit DNA syn thesis...for these carcinogens. Hydrocarbon-nucleic acid interaction...and the interactions of water molecules. Indeed, carcinogenic hydrocarbons tend to form 1 This investigation...

Ronald G. Harvey and Marilyn Halonen

1968-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Enhanced liquid hydrocarbon recovery process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for recovering liquid hydrocarbons. It comprises: injecting into a fractured subterranean formation a polymer enhanced foam comprising a polymer selected from a synthetic polymer or a biopolymer, a surfactant, an aqueous solvent and a gas, recovering liquid hydrocarbons from the formation.

Sydansk, R.D.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

68

Hydrocarbon sensors and materials therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrochemical hydrocarbon sensor and materials for use in sensors. A suitable proton conducting electrolyte and catalytic materials have been found for specific application in the detection and measurement of non-methane hydrocarbons. The sensor comprises a proton conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes. At least one of the electrodes is covered with a hydrocarbon decomposition catalyst. Two different modes of operation for the hydrocarbon sensors can be used: equilibrium versus non-equilibrium measurements and differential catalytic. The sensor has particular application for on-board monitoring of automobile exhaust gases to evaluate the performance of catalytic converters. In addition, the sensor can be utilized in monitoring any process where hydrocarbons are exhausted, for instance, industrial power plants. The sensor is low cost, rugged, sensitive, simple to fabricate, miniature, and does not suffer cross sensitivities.

Pham, Ai Quoc (San Jose, CA); Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Process for recovering hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon-bearing formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for transporting heavy crude oil through a pipeline which involves introducing into a pipeline or well-bore with the viscous hydrocarbons an aqueous solution containing (1) a sulfonate surfactant, (2) a rosin soap or a naphthenic acid soap and, optionally (3) coupling agent whereby there is spontaneously formed a low viscosity, salt tolerant, oil-in-water emulsion. Also disclosed is a method of recovery of hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon bearing formation employing an aqueous solution containing (1) a sulfonate surfactant, (2) a rosin soap or a naphthenic acid soap and, optionally (3) a coupling agent.

Alston, R.B.; Braden, W.B.; Flournoy, K.H.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

Computer resources Computer resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer resources 1 Computer resources available to the LEAD group Cédric David 30 September 2009 #12;Ouline · UT computer resources and services · JSG computer resources and services · LEAD computers· LEAD computers 2 #12;UT Austin services UT EID and Password 3 https://utdirect.utexas.edu #12;UT Austin

Yang, Zong-Liang

71

A new technology for producing synthetic liquid hydrocarbons from gaseous hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventional technologies of synthetic liquid fuels (SLF) production from gaseous hydrocarbons by producing synthesis ... liquid hydrocarbons are examined. A high-efficiency SLF production technology that allows ...

D. L. Astanovskii; L. Z. Astanovskii; A. L. Lapidus

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Image Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mosaic of earth and sky images Mosaic of earth and sky images Image Resources Free image resources covering energy, environment, and general science. Here are some links to energy- and environment-related photographic databases. Berkeley Lab Photo Archive Berkeley Lab's online digital image collection. National Science Digital Library (NSDL) NSDL is the Nation's online library for education and research in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The World Bank Group Photo Library A distinctive collection of over 11,000 images that illustrate development through topics such as Agriculture, Education, Environment, Health, Trade and more. Calisphere Compiles the digital collections of libraries, museums, and cultural heritage organizations across California, and organizes them by theme, such

73

Resource Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Resource Analysis determines the quantity and location of resources needed to produce hydrogen. Additionally, resource analysis quantifies the cost of the resources, as a function of the amount...

74

Enrichment of light hydrocarbon mixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Light hydrocarbon enrichment is accomplished using a vertically oriented distillation column having a plurality of vertically oriented, nonselective micro/mesoporous hollow fibers. Vapor having, for example, both propylene and propane is sent upward through the distillation column in between the hollow fibers. Vapor exits neat the top of the column and is condensed to form a liquid phase that is directed back downward through the lumen of the hollow fibers. As vapor continues to ascend and liquid continues to countercurrently descend, the liquid at the bottom of the column becomes enriched in a higher boiling point, light hydrocarbon (propane, for example) and the vapor at the top becomes enriched in a lower boiling point light hydrocarbon (propylene, for example). The hollow fiber becomes wetted with liquid during the process.

Yang, Dali (Los Alamos, NM); Devlin, David (Santa Fe, NM); Barbero, Robert S. (Santa Cruz, NM); Carrera, Martin E. (Naperville, IL); Colling, Craig W. (Warrenville, IL)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

75

Environmental Resources on the World Wide Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPA Web site. DOE Information Bridge Information Bridge, became available toPublic access to the DOE Information Bridge web site is a

Shrode, Flora

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Mineral Resources, Economic Growth, and World Populatic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are found and by low-cost methods. Demands for...the proposals for using nuclear energy to fracture underground...one can say. If energy costs go up, as they seem...example, the use of nuclear explosives as described...without environmental costs, without affecting Third...

David B. Brooks; P. W. Andrews

1974-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

77

Environmental Resources on the World Wide Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

species per year. Alternative Fuels Data Center http://operates the Alternative Fuels Data Center, a Web site with

Shrode, Flora

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Global Hydrological Cycles and World Water Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...metric ton of water per day per person in developing...tanker or other high energyconsuming means...other hand, water demand for food and industrial production...Water demand per person will most...Domestic per capita water use has increased...domestic product (GDP) growth, but...

Taikan Oki; Shinjiro Kanae

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

79

Mineral Resources, Economic Growth, and World Populatic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...produce less effluent per ton of produc-tion...facilities to spill less per ton-mile, for example...decrease in effluents per unit of produc-tion...overcome the increase in production or consumption itself...someone's life is shortened or days of sickness are lengthened...

David B. Brooks; P. W. Andrews

1974-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

80

Conservation and Utilization of World Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... countries, the special scientific and technical needs of such countries, and experience in the interrelated application of such techniques, for example, as the Tennessee Valley Authority. A section ... , sylvicultural techniques, the organisation of research and education in forestry, forest administration, manufacturing processes for wood, and the utilization of wood-waste and new products from wood. Another ...

1949-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Biological enhancement of hydrocarbon extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of microbial enhanced oil recovery for recovering oil from an oil-bearing rock formation is provided. The methodology uses a consortium of bacteria including a mixture of surfactant producing bacteria and non-surfactant enzyme producing bacteria which may release hydrocarbons from bitumen containing sands. The described bioprocess can work with existing petroleum recovery protocols. The consortium microorganisms are also useful for treatment of above oil sands, ground waste tailings, subsurface oil recovery, and similar materials to enhance remediation and/or recovery of additional hydrocarbons from the materials.

Brigmon, Robin L. (North Augusta, SC); Berry, Christopher J. (Aiken, SC)

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

82

Fluorescence Detection of Hydrocarbons in Harbour Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In harbor water, the hydrocarbons pollution identification represents an important issue. Hydrocarbon presence derives from oil spills, for instance in bilge water, or it may come from industrial discharge ... Fl...

A. Catini; F. Dini; D. Polese; S. Petrocco; M. De Luca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Degradation. Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Degradation. Abstract: Many...

84

Extracting hydrocarbons from water using a centrifuge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An original method for the solid-phase microextraction of hydrocarbons from water using a centrifuge is proposed. Comparative results...

A. Yu. Ryabov; A. A. Ilyina; A. V. Chuikin

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Photo-oxides of Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... are involved in the biological action of carcinogenic hydrocarbons, we have attempted to isolate the photo-oxides of some of these hydrocarbons. Such ... -oxides of some of these hydrocarbons. Such photo-oxides would naturally be insoluble in water and hence would represent merely one stage in ...

J. W. COOK; R. MARTIN; E. M. F. ROE

1939-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

86

Catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hot effluent from the catalytic steam reforming of a major portion of a fluid hydrocarbon feed stream in the reformer tubes of a primary reformer, or said effluent after secondary reforming thereof, is mixed with the hot effluent from the catalytic steam reforming of the remaining portion of the feed discharged from the reformer tubes of a primary reformer-exchanger. The combined gas steam is passed on the shell side of the reformer-exchanger countercurrently to the passage of feed in the reformer tubes thereof, thus supplying the heat for the reforming of the portion of the feed passed through the reformer tubes of the reformerexchanger. At least about 2/3 of the hydrocarbon feed stream is passed to the reformer tubes of said primary reformer, heated by radiant heat transfer and/or by contact with combustion gases, at a steam/hydrocarbon mole ratio of about 2-4/1. The remainder of said feed stream is passed to the reformer tubes of said reformer -exchanger at a steam/hydrocarbon mole ratio of about 3-6/1. The reformer shell of the reformer-exchanger is internally insulated by a refractory lining or by use of a double shell with passage of water or a portion of the feed material between the inner and outer shells. There is no significant difference between the pressure inside and outside of the reformer tubes of said primary reformer-exchanger.

Fuderer, A.

1982-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

87

Dilmaya's World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

burning on a funeral pyre. I had never lived for more than a day or in a world without toilets or toilet papers, where there was no central heating and no window glass to keep out the cold Himalayan winds. * * * Short of finding the very... infancy to puberty in a remote Himalayan village. So Dilmaya allowed this, as well as encouraging our love for her sons and husband. All this was achieved while she looked after us physically and stretched her mind and body to the limits...

Alan, Macfarlane

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

89

Syngas Upgrading to Hydrocarbon Fuels Technology Pathway  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This technology pathway case investigates the upgrading of woody biomass derived synthesis gas (syngas) to hydrocarbon biofuels. While this specific discussion focuses on the conversion of syngas via a methanol intermediate to hydrocarbon blendstocks, there are a number of alternative conversion routes for production of hydrocarbons through a wide array of intermediates from syngas. Future work will also consider the variations to this pathway to determine the most economically viable and lowest risk conversion route. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the syngas-to-hydrocarbon pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel- and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

90

Wind Energy Resource Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Wind Wind Energy Resource Basics Wind Energy Resource Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:11pm Addthis Wind energy can be produced anywhere in the world where the wind...

91

Geologic control of natural marine hydrocarbon seep emissions, Coal Oil Point seep field, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geology and gas-phase (methane) seepage for the Coal Oil Point (COP) seep field, one of the worldORIGINAL Geologic control of natural marine hydrocarbon seep emissions, Coal Oil Point seep field constructed from 3D seismic and well data allowed investigation of the relationship between the subsurface

Luyendyk, Bruce

92

World energy projections to 2030  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a description of the international energy projections elaborated with the POLES energy model for the purpose of analysing, in other papers of this issue, the impacts of technological change at world level and to 2030. Section 2 describes the key exogenous hypotheses on population and economic growth used for this projection, as well as the main resulting changes for the world energy system and in terms of CO2 emissions. In Section 3, the dynamics of the energy systems are further analysed for four main world regions, while Section 4 is dedicated to the identification of the key uncertainties and of their possible impacts on future energy development. Finally, the last section presents the key messages of this outlook, which shows a rapidly growing world economy and energy consumption with increasing oil and gas prices, although this last feature remains subject to uncertainties on resource endowment estimates.

Patrick Criqui; Nikolaos Kouvaritakis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

CIA-The World Factbook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CIA-The World Factbook CIA-The World Factbook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CIA-The World Factbook Agency/Company /Organization: United States Central Intelligence Agency Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html Cost: Free CIA-The World Factbook Screenshot References: CIA-The World Factbook[1] "The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 266 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map."

94

Regression and Time Series Analysis of the World Oil Peak of Production: Another Look  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes world oil production data as a population/resource growth model. Both US and world oil production data are analyzed in terms of ... , is not a suitable model for world oil production. Aflexib...

Peter Caithamer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Hydrocarbon Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrocarbon Technologies Hydrocarbon Technologies Place Lawrenceville, New Jersey Zip 8648 Sector Efficiency Product String representation "Technology-base ... onmental risks." is too long. Coordinates 36.761678°, -77.845048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.761678,"lon":-77.845048,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

96

Enhanced liquid hydrocarbon recovery process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for the recovery of liquid hydrocarbons from a subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing formation. It comprises injecting natural gas into the formation via a well in fluid communication with the formation, the natural gas being at a temperature which is insufficient to significantly mobilize light density oil in the formation and at a pressure such that the natural gas is immiscible with the light density oil in the formation, the natural gas being injected in a volume sufficient to contact light density oil in the formation within a radius from the well of about 50 meters; shutting in the well for a period of time of about 1 to about 100 days which is sufficient to render the contacted light density oil mobile; and producing the light density oil which has been mobilized by solution of the natural gas from the well.

Haines, H.K.; Monger, T.G.; Kenyon, D.E.; Galvin, L.J.

1991-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

97

Dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developments in catalyst technology for the dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks are reviewed for methane, higher hydrocarbons and alcohols. Thermodynamics, mechanisms and the kinetics of dry reforming are also reviewed. The literature on Ni catalysts, bi-metallic Ni catalysts and the role of promoters on Ni catalysts is critically evaluated. The use of noble and transitional metal catalysts for dry reforming is discussed. The application of solid oxide and metal carbide catalysts to dry reforming is also evaluated. Finally, various mechanisms for catalyst deactivation are assessed. This review also examines the various process related issues associated with dry reforming such as its application and heat optimization. Novel approaches such as supercritical dry reforming and microwave assisted dry reforming are briefly expanded upon.

Shah, Yatish T. [Norfolk State University; Gardner, Todd H. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Chapter 3 - Hydrocarbons from Petroleum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Petroleum products (in contrast to petrochemicals) are those hydrocarbon fractions that are derived from petroleum and have commercial value as a bulk product. A major group of hydrocarbon products from petroleum (petrochemicals) are the basis of a major industry. They are, in the strictest sense, different to petroleum products insofar as the petrochemicals are the basic building blocks of the chemical industry. The specific gravity of product gases, including liquefied petroleum gas, may be determined conveniently by a number of methods and a variety of instruments. The heat value of gases is generally determined at constant pressure in a flow calorimeter in which the heat released by the combustion of a definite quantity of gas is absorbed by a measured quantity of water or air. A continuous recording calorimeter is available for measuring heat values of natural gases.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Discharge produces hydrocarbons from coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Discharge produces hydrocarbons from coal ... Studies of the reactions of coal in electric discharges by two chemists at the U.S. Bureau of Mines' Pittsburgh Coal Research Center may lead to improved ways of producing acetylene and other useful chemicals from coal. ... Other workers have produced high yields of acetylene from coal by extremely rapid pyrolysis using energy sources such as plasma jets, laser beams, arc-image reactors, and flash heaters. ...

1968-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

100

Deep desulfurization of hydrocarbon fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to processes for reducing the sulfur content in hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The invention provides a method and materials for producing ultra low sulfur content transportation fuels for motor vehicles as well as for applications such as fuel cells. The materials and method of the invention may be used at ambient or elevated temperatures and at ambient or elevated pressures without the need for hydrogen.

Song, Chunshan (State College, PA); Ma, Xiaoliang (State College, PA); Sprague, Michael J. (Calgary, CA); Subramani, Velu (State College, PA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Final report to the National Science Foundation for the period July 1, 1978 to June 30, 1980 of project on cartel behavior and exhaustible resource supply : a case study of the world oil market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The M.I.T. World Oil Project has been developing improved methods and data for analysis of the future course of the world oil market. Any forecast of this market depends on analysis of the likely demand for oil imports by ...

M.I.T. World Oil Project.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Marketing Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Expand Utility Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Marketing Resources Reports, Publications, and Research Utility Toolkit Informational...

103

Federal Environmental Regulations Impacting Hydrocarbon Exploration, Drilling, and Production Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Waste handling and disposal from hydrocarbon exploration, drilling, and production are regulated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through federal and state regulations and/or through implementation of federal regulations. Some wastes generated in these operations are exempt under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) but are not exempt under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA), and other federal environmental laws. Exempt wastes remain exempt only if they are not mixed with hazardous wastes or hazardous substances. Once mixture occurs, the waste must be disposed as a hazardous material in an approved hazardous waste disposal facility. Before the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990, air emissions from production, storage, steam generation, and compression facilities associated with hydrocarbon exploration, drilling, and production industry were not regulated. A critical proposed regulatory change which will significantly effect Class II injection wells for disposal of produced brine and injection for enhanced oil recovery is imminent. Federal regulations affecting hydrocarbon exploration, drilling and production, proposed EPA regulatory changes, and a recent significant US Court of Appeals decision are covered in this report. It appears that this industry will, in the future, fall under more stringent environmental regulations leading to increased costs for operators.

Carroll, Herbert B.; Johnson, William I.

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

A National Resource  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Resource National Resource for Industry Manufacturing DeMonstration facility As the nation's premier research laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is one of the world's most capable resources for transforming the next generation of scientific discovery into solutions for rebuilding and revitalizing America's manufacturing industries. These industries call upon ORNL's expertise in materials synthesis, characterization, and process technology to reduce risk and accelerate the development and deployment of innovative energy-efficient manufacturing processes and materials targeting products of the future. The Department of Energy's first Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF), established at ORNL, helps industry adopt new manufacturing technologies to reduce life-cycle energy and

105

2 - Production, properties and environmental impact of hydrocarbon fuel conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Hydrocarbon fuels are an essential part of modern life and commerce and will remain so for the next 50 years. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels damage our environment, causing global climate changes. For 150 years, fossil fuels have caused atmospheric carbon dioxide levels to increase by amounts that are debatable, arguable and, at best, guestimates. A transition to cleaner, more secure energy is necessary to slow down global warming. Renewable energy is growing fast, but still far from replacing carbon-intensive energy sources. Even if oil production declines soon, fossil fuels will dominate the worlds energy mix for years. In the near term, improving the use of oil, natural gas and coal will be key. Oil will remain the worlds top energy source for decades, but decline in production could send prices soaring. A dream come true for climate activists the eventual end of the Petroleum Age could be a time wrought with tension for the industrialized world.

J.G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ...

Theodor C. Sauer

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

HYDROCARBON AND SULFUR SENSORS FOR SOFC SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report summarizes work conducted during the Phase I program Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Sensors for SOFC Systems under contract No. DE-FC26-02NT41576. For the SOFC application, sensors are required to monitor hydrocarbons and sulfur in order to increase the operation life of SOFC components. This report discusses the development of two such sensors, one based on thick film approach for sulfur monitoring and the second galvanic based for hydrocarbon monitoring.

A.M. Azad; Chris Holt; Todd Lesousky; Scott Swartz

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Hydrocarbon Separations in MetalOrganic Frameworks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the large differences in the physical properties of methane and C2 hydrocarbons, both size selective effects and metalhydrocarbon interactions can be tuned to achieve a high selectivity within a metalorganic framework. ... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, are carcinogenic byproducts of incomplete combustion of organic matter such as fossil fuels. ... data and the heats of adsorption were found to fit well to a small group of mol. ...

Zoey R. Herm; Eric D. Bloch; Jeffrey R. Long

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

Membrane separation of hydrocarbons using cycloparaffinic solvents  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Heavy crude oils which contain metal contaminants such as nickel, vanadium and iron may be separated from light hydrocarbon oils by passing a solution of the crude oil dissolved in a cycloparaffinic hydrocarbon solvent containing from about 5 to about 8 carbon atoms by passing through a polymeric membrane which is capable of maintaining its integrity in the presence of hydrocarbon compounds. The light hydrocarbon oils which possess relatively low molecular weights will be recovered as the permeate while the heavy oils which possess relatively high molecular weights as well as the metal contaminants will be recovered as the retentate.

Kulkarni, S.S.; Chang, Y.A.; Gatsis, J.G.; Funk, E.W.

1988-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

110

catalytic_upgrading_sugars_to_hydrocarbons  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

phase reforming into hydrocarbons for fuels and co-product commodities. Process Block Diagram Next Steps Additional modeling is necessary to quantify baseline costs associated...

111

Application of advanced hydrocarbon characterization and its...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

advanced hydrocarbon characterization and its consequences on future fuel properties and advanced combustion research Rafal Gieleciak, Craig Fairbridge and Darcy Hager Poster...

112

Nox reduction system utilizing pulsed hydrocarbon injection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hydrocarbon co-reductants, such as diesel fuel, are added by pulsed injection to internal combustion engine exhaust to reduce exhaust NO.sub.x to N.sub.2 in the presence of a catalyst. Exhaust NO.sub.x reduction of at least 50% in the emissions is achieved with the addition of less than 5% fuel as a source of the hydrocarbon co-reductants. By means of pulsing the hydrocarbon flow, the amount of pulsed hydrocarbon vapor (itself a pollutant) can be minimized relative to the amount of NO.sub.x species removed.

Brusasco, Raymond M. (Livermore, CA); Penetrante, Bernardino M. (San Ramon, CA); Vogtlin, George E. (Fremont, CA); Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

NATURAL GAS RESOURCES IN DEEP SEDIMENTARY BASINS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From a geological perspective, deep natural gas resources are generally defined as resources occurring in reservoirs at or below 15,000 feet, whereas ultra-deep gas occurs below 25,000 feet. From an operational point of view, ''deep'' is often thought of in a relative sense based on the geologic and engineering knowledge of gas (and oil) resources in a particular area. Deep gas can be found in either conventionally-trapped or unconventional basin-center accumulations that are essentially large single fields having spatial dimensions often exceeding those of conventional fields. Exploration for deep conventional and unconventional basin-center natural gas resources deserves special attention because these resources are widespread and occur in diverse geologic environments. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that 939 TCF of technically recoverable natural gas remained to be discovered or was part of reserve appreciation from known fields in the onshore areas and State waters of the United. Of this USGS resource, nearly 114 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of technically-recoverable gas remains to be discovered from deep sedimentary basins. Worldwide estimates of deep gas are also high. The U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000 Project recently estimated a world mean undiscovered conventional gas resource outside the U.S. of 844 Tcf below 4.5 km (about 15,000 feet). Less is known about the origins of deep gas than about the origins of gas at shallower depths because fewer wells have been drilled into the deeper portions of many basins. Some of the many factors contributing to the origin of deep gas include the thermal stability of methane, the role of water and non-hydrocarbon gases in natural gas generation, porosity loss with increasing thermal maturity, the kinetics of deep gas generation, thermal cracking of oil to gas, and source rock potential based on thermal maturity and kerogen type. Recent experimental simulations using laboratory pyrolysis methods have provided much information on the origins of deep gas. Technologic problems are one of the greatest challenges to deep drilling. Problems associated with overcoming hostile drilling environments (e.g. high temperatures and pressures, and acid gases such as CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S) for successful well completion, present the greatest obstacles to drilling, evaluating, and developing deep gas fields. Even though the overall success ratio for deep wells is about 50 percent, a lack of geological and geophysical information such as reservoir quality, trap development, and gas composition continues to be a major barrier to deep gas exploration. Results of recent finding-cost studies by depth interval for the onshore U.S. indicate that, on average, deep wells cost nearly 10 times more to drill than shallow wells, but well costs and gas recoveries vary widely among different gas plays in different basins. Based on an analysis of natural gas assessments, many topical areas hold significant promise for future exploration and development. One such area involves re-evaluating and assessing hypothetical unconventional basin-center gas plays. Poorly-understood basin-center gas plays could contain significant deep undiscovered technically-recoverable gas resources.

Thaddeus S. Dyman; Troy Cook; Robert A. Crovelli; Allison A. Henry; Timothy C. Hester; Ronald C. Johnson; Michael D. Lewan; Vito F. Nuccio; James W. Schmoker; Dennis B. Riggin; Christopher J. Schenk

2002-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

114

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414"

115

Progress report to the National Science Foundation for the period July 1, 1980 to December 31, 1981 of the project on cartel behavior and exhaustible resource supply : a case study of the world oil market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The M.I.T. World Oil Project has been developing forecasting methods that integrate the following considerations which influence investment in oil capacity and the level of oil exports: (1) the geology and microeconomics ...

International Energy Studies Program (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Biodegradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in an Extremely Acidic Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons can occur in environments...Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occur as common...formed by incomplete combustion of fossil fuels...enrichments with aromatic hydrocarbons, mineralization assays...lysis was initiated by heat and sodium dodecyl...

Raymond D. Stapleton; Dwayne C. Savage; Gary S. Sayler; Gary Stacey

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons| Introduction Esophageal...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content. PAHs...usually exposed to combustion products from burning...SRM 2260a Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Toluene, SRM 2269...dichloromethane; heat: preheat cell at 100C...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons| Introduction...mechanism. However, data on the association...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content...usually exposed to combustion products from burning...dichloromethane; heat: preheat cell...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

MICROCHEMICALJOURNAL39, 160-165Hydrocarbons in Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Waters Associates. Water used was deionized, distilled, and hydrocarbon filtered (BarnsteadMICROCHEMICALJOURNAL39, 160-165Hydrocarbons in Air to extract polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from air particulate sampleswas investigated. High

Canberra, University of

120

Metabolism of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Cell Cultures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to water-soluble and organic-soluble...metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to water-soluble and organic-soluble...cytotoxicity and conversion of hydrocarbons to water-soluble products (Chart...

Eliezer Huberman; James K. Selkirk; and Charles Heidelberger

1971-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...80C) or cold (5C) water. Measurements were...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks. | Drinking...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...cold (5 degrees C) water. Measurements were...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Hydrocarbons in rift basins: the role of stratigraphy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...versus shallow-water environments...A (1999) Hydrocarbons in rift basins...Facies and hydrocarbon potential The...availability of water. This can either...form seals for hydrocarbons. The shallow-water environ- ments...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Learning and discrimination of cuticular hydrocarbons in a social insect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...colony members. Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) play a central...CHC profile with synthetic hydrocarbons [4-6] reveal that some hydrocarbons elicit aggression. However...non-volatile, insoluble in water and therefore difficult...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Low Carbon World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon World Low Carbon World Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: LowCarbonWorld Agency/Company /Organization: LowCarbonEconomy Partner: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.lowcarboneconomy.com/Low_Carbon_World/Data/Home LowCarbonWorld Screenshot References: LowCarbonWorld[1] Background The idea behind this project was conceived at the 2008 United Nations Conference of Parties (COP14) event in Poznan (Poland). By listening to many speeches by energy ministers from numerous countries in the high level segment of the event, Toddington Harper Managing Director of The Low Carbon Economy Ltd (TLCE) became aware of the depth of valuable information being

125

World Bank Safeguard Policies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Safeguard Policies World Bank Safeguard Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Safeguard Policies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/PROJECTS/EXTPOLICIES/EXTSAFEPOL/0,,m References: World Bank Safeguard Policies [1] Overview "The World Bank's environmental and social safeguard policies are a cornerstone of its support to sustainable poverty reduction. The objective of these policies is to prevent and mitigate undue harm to people and their environment in the development process. These policies provide guidelines for bank and borrower staffs in the identification, preparation, and

126

Tensile Effective Stresses in Hydrocarbon Storage Caverns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tensile Effective Stresses in Hydrocarbon Storage Caverns Hippolyte Djizanne and Pierre Bérest LMS, Germany,1-2 October 2012 TENSILE EFFECTIVE STRESSES IN HYDROCARBON STORAGE CAVERNS Hippolyte Djizanne1 that effective tensile stresses can be generated at a cavern wall after a rapid increase or decrease in pressure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Conversion of organic solids to hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of converting organic solids to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons includes impregnating an organic solid with photosensitizing ions and exposing the impregnated solid to light in a non-oxidizing atmosphere for a time sufficient to photocatalytically reduce the solid to at least one of a liquid and a gaseous hydrocarbon. 5 Figs.

Greenbaum, E.

1995-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Analysis of resource adequacy constructs in the US and Australia and future paths forward.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Deregulation of the electricity industry has altered the investment landscape for new resources. Multiple resource adequacy constructs are in use today around the world and (more)

Thundiyil, Kevin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Effects of Two Isomeric Benzoflavones on Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylase and the Toxicity and Carcinogenicity of Polycyclic Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recrystallized from alcohol : water. For tissue culture experiments the hydrocarbons and benzoflavones...metabolism of the hydrocarbons to water-soluble derivatives...chloroform:methanol. Hydrocarbon-3 H metabolized to water-soluble derivatives...

Leila Diamond; Rosemary McFall; Joel Miller; and Harry V. Gelboin

1972-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion...

131

Algal Lipid Extraction and Upgrading to Hydrocarbons Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and upgrading pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks. Algal Lipid Extraction and Upgrading to Hydrocarbons...

132

DOE Perspectives on Advanced Hydrocarbon-based Biofuels | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Perspectives on Advanced Hydrocarbon-based Biofuels DOE Perspectives on Advanced Hydrocarbon-based Biofuels Zia Haq, DPA Coordinator, presentation on DOE Perspectives on...

133

Commercialization of IH2 Biomass Direct-to-Hydrocarbon Fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercialization of IH2 Biomass Direct-to-Hydrocarbon Fuel Technology Commercialization of IH2 Biomass Direct-to-Hydrocarbon Fuel Technology Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and...

134

Advanced Diesel Combustion with Low Hydrocarbon and Carbon Monoxide...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion with Low Hydrocarbon and Carbon Monoxide Emissions Advanced Diesel Combustion with Low Hydrocarbon and Carbon Monoxide Emissions Poster presented at the 16th Directions...

135

Teacher Resource Center: Curricular Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Curricular Resources Curricular Resources TRC Home TRC Fact Sheet Library Curricular Resources Science Fair Resources Bibliographies sciencelines The Best of sciencelines Archives Annotated List of URLs Catalog Teacher's Lounge Full Workshop Catalog Customized Workshops Scheduled Workshops Special Opportunities Teacher Networks Science Lab Fermilab Science Materials Samplers Order Form Science Safety Issues Tech Room Fermilab Web Resources The Teacher Resource Center provides workshops and consultations on Mathematics and Science Curriculum development. Here are a list of resources for educators. See the 'Customized Workshops" link in the "Teacher's Lounge" for information about more workshops available through the TRC. Key Science Resources for Curriculum Planning Key Science Resources for Curriculum Planning

136

Preparation of synthetic hydrocarbon lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for preparing synthetic lubricating materials which process comprises: (a) reacting (i) at least a portion of a reaction product of the liquid phase oligomerization of propylene, butylene or mixtures thereof containing a C/sub 6/ olefin component, (ii) a linear olefin reactant having an average carbon number ranging from about 10 to about 18 in the presence of a catalyst, (b) separating from the reaction mixture of (a) hydrocarbons which distill at a temperature above about 660/sup 0/ F. (316/sup 0/ C.), and (c) hydrogenating the reaction product of (b) by contact with hydrogen with or without a catalyst at a temperature ranging from about 25/sup 0/ C. to about 300/sup 0/ C.

Johnson, T.H.

1986-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Raw materials resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mineral resources continue to play an essential role in the world economy: industrial economies depend on the availability of sources of energy and metals; the wealth of some countries is liable to fluctuate in response to variations over time in the price of the resources extracted. Predictions made early in the 1970s of exhaustion of resources of important minerals, e.g. lead and zinc, have proved to be mistaken, and from the viewpoint of the late-1980s it seems likely that total world consumption of mineral resources will continue to rise. A continuation is expected of the trend for an increased proportion of ores being converted into end-products in the country of extraction. In the highly industrialized countries the importance of mineral resources will tend to decrease relative to total manufactured goods and services, and the demand for imported minerals will decrease as other minerals are substituted and more metals are recycled. Developing countries which export raw minerals will be adversely affected because the prices of the minerals that they sell will rise more slowly than the prices for manufactured goods that they import.

Martin Kursten; Georg Bluemel; Lothar Lahner; Helmut Schmidt

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Comparing Resource Adequacy Metrics: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the penetration of variable generation (wind and solar) increases around the world, there is an accompanying growing interest and importance in accurately assessing the contribution that these resources can make toward planning reserve. This contribution, also known as the capacity credit or capacity value of the resource, is best quantified by using a probabilistic measure of overall resource adequacy. In recognizing the variable nature of these renewable resources, there has been interest in exploring the use of reliability metrics other than loss of load expectation. In this paper, we undertake some comparisons using data from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council in the western United States.

Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Selective photooxidation of hydrocarbons in zeolites by oxygen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A selective photooxidation process for the conversion of hydrocarbon molecules to partially oxygenated derivatives, which comprises the steps of adsorbing a hydrocarbon and oxygen onto a dehydrated zeolite support matrix to form a hydrocarbon-oxygen contact pair, and subsequently exposing the hydrocarbon-oxygen contact pair to visible light, thereby forming a partially oxygenated derivative.

Frei, Heinz (Berkeley, CA); Blatter, Fritz (Berkeley, CA); Sun, Hai (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

The World Bank - Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The World Bank - Transport The World Bank - Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The World Bank - Transport Agency/Company /Organization: The World Bank Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Analysis Tools Resource Type: Website Website: go.worldbank.org/0SYYVJWB40 This website provides relevant information about transport, focusing on The World Bank Transport Strategy - Safe, Clean and Affordable - Transport for Development. The website includes international publications and toolkits classified by type of transport and/or region/country. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Long Term World Oil Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: The following pages summarize a recent EIA presentation on estimates of the world conventional oil resource base and the year when production from it will peak and then begin to decline. A version of this presentation was given by former EIA Administrator Jay Hakes to the April 18, 2000 meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in New Orleans, Louisiana. Specific information about this presentation may be obtained from John Wood (john.wood@eia.doe.gov), Gary Long (gary.long@eia.doe.gov) or David Morehouse (david.morehouse@eia.doe.gov). Long Term World Oil Supply http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld001.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:23 PM] Slide 2 of 20 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld002.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:24 PM]

142

Removal of trace olefins from aromatic hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for treating a hydrocarbon process stream by converting trace quantities of olefinic impurities to nonolefinic hydrocarbons. The process comprises contacting the process stream, which contains trace olefins in an amount of from about 50 to about 2000 as measured by Bromine Index and at least 80% by weight of aromatic and naphthenic hydrocarbons having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms per molecule, at reaction conditions which ensure liquid phase operation with a solid catalyst composite comprising a crystalline aluminosilicate zeolite and a refractory inorganic oxide. A catalytic olefin-consuming alkylation reaction then produces an essentially olefinfree product stream with approximately the same quantity and distribution of aromatic and naphthenic hydrocarbons as contained in the process stream.

Sachtler, J.W.A.; Barger, P.T.

1989-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

143

Analyzing Biomass Conversion into Liquid Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variants of the FischerTropsch producer-gas conversion into liquid hydrocarbons are analyzed under the ... is attained in the reactions occurring in the biomass gasification. When the raw material is wood ... th...

V. D. Meshcheryakov; V. A. Kirillov

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Solubilization of petroleum hydrocarbons using biosurfactants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low solubility of petroleum hydrocarbons in water is the major factor limiting the degradation rates of these compounds (Zhang and Miller, 1994). The fraction that is more soluble in the aqueous phase is degraded at higher rates, while less soluble...

Kanga, Shahrukh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fish from the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emphasis has been placed upon the identification and qualification of compounds with potential adverse health effects on humans. Prominent among this group are polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), several of which are known or suspected carcinogens. PAHs enter the marine environment from a variety of sources including petroleum pollution, industrial and domestic effluents, atmospheric particles, and biosynthesis by plants and microorganisms. Although one-third of the world's oil is produced around the Arabian Gulf, no detailed analysis have been conducted to determine PAHs in this region. Nevertheless, numerous investigations have shown the ability of marine organisms including fish to accumulation PAHs from solution or dispersion in seawater. When fish are harvested, a human health hazard may result. In the present communication, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to identify and measure sixteen PAHs priority pollutants issued by US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in fourteen species of commercially significant fish from the NW Arabian Gulf.

DouAbdul, A.A.Z.; Abaychi, J.K.; Al-Edanee, T.E.; Ghani, A.A.; Al-Saad, H.T.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

22 August 2013 Chemistry World Science unlimited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ours would immediately see how these limited choices affect creativity, beauty and innovation. And what remediation to assuring clean water resources, to powering the planet, every country in the world is facing serious challenges that require a strong and innovative scientific workforce. And chemistry

Richmond, Geraldine L.

147

Methanol conversion to higher hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several indirect options exist for producing chemicals and transportation fuels from coal, natural gas, or biomass. All involve an initial conversion step to synthesis gas (CO and H{sub 2}). Presently, there are two commercial technologies for converting syngas to liquids: Fischer-Tropsch, which yields a range of aliphatic hydrocarbons with molecular weights determined by Schulz-Flory kinetics, and methanol synthesis. Mobil`s diversity of technology for methanol conversion gives the methanol synthesis route flexibility for production of either gasoline, distillate or chemicals. Mobil`s ZSM-5 catalyst is the key in several processes for producing chemicals and transportation fuels from methanol: MTO for light olefins, MTG for gasoline, MOGD for distillates. The MTG process has been commercialized in New Zealand since 1985, producing one-third of the country`s gasoline supply, while MTO and MOGD have been developed and demonstrated at greater than 100 BPD scale. This paper will discuss recent work in understanding methanol conversion chemistry and the various options for its use.

Tabak, S.A. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Princeton, NJ (United States). Central Research Lab.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

General Problems of Collecting and Understanding World Energy Data [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Collecting and Understanding World Energy Data [and Discussion] D. C...understanding of the available world energy supply data, which are being imperfectly...concepts and definitions between the primary energy resources. There is insufficient...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NREL: Energy Analysis: Resource Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resource Assessment Resource Assessment NREL has developed maps and tools to conduct renewable energy resource assessments at the state, national and international level. Around the world, interest is growing in renewable energy as a strategy to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and increase energy security. The starting point for new renewable energy projects is a characterization of the renewable resources available across a region, a resource assessment. NREL uses geospatial data sets to identify regions that are appropriate for renewable development and those that should be excluded such as water bodies, urban areas, cropland, forests, very steep terrain, and protected areas. Once resource data are available for a region, NREL can estimate the theoretical potential, or upper limit, for renewable energy in an area.

150

Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010 1 The ENGINE Coordination Action (ENhanced Geothermal Innovative Network for Europe) Philippe Calcagno1 , Albert Genter2 Geothermal System, resource investigation, resource assessment, exploitation, European Commission

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

ORISE: Helping to Provide Rare Access to World-Class Computing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Supercomputing ORISE peer review services helping to advance, provide rare access to world-class computing resources The Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (ORISE)...

152

Resources & Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project Western Interconnection Synchrophasor Project Resources & Links Demand Response Energy Efficiency Emerging Technologies Smart grid fact sheet Department of...

153

International Energy Outlook 2000 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The IEO2000 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, including large increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2020. The IEO2000 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, including large increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2020. Current Trends Influencing World Energy Demand Changing world events and their effects on world energy markets shape the long-term view of trends in energy demand. Several developments in 1999—shifting short-term world oil markets, the recovery of developing Asian markets, and a faster than expected recovery in the economies of the former Soviet Union— are reflected in the projections presented in this year’s International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000). In 1998, oil prices reached 20-year lows as a result of oil surpluses

154

Peru-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro, Transportation, Forestry Topics Background analysis Country Peru South America References World Bank Project Database - Peru[1] Contents 1 Active Projects 1.1 Water Resources Management Modernization - IBRD/IDA 1.2 PE Santa Rosa Hydro Carbon Finance 1.3 PERU - Poechos Hydropower Project 1.4 LIMA TRANSPORT 1.5 PE Huaycoloro Landfill Gas Recovery 2 References Active Projects The World Bank currently has the following climate projects active in Peru: Water Resources Management Modernization - IBRD/IDA (10M - Active) PE Santa Rosa Hydro Carbon Finance (1.5M) Carbon Offset PERU - Poechos Hydropower Project (1.2M) Carbon Offset

155

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy efficiency resource standards mandate a quantified energy efficiency goal for an energy provider or jurisdiction within a predetermined timeframe.

156

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

world.gif (5615 bytes) world.gif (5615 bytes) The IEO99 projections indicate substantial growth in world energy use,including substantial increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Resource availability is not expected to limit the growth of energy markets. In 1998, expectations for economic growth and energy market performance in many areas of the world were dashed. The Asian economic crisis proved to be deeper and more persistent than originally anticipated, and the threat and reality of spillover effects grew through the year. Oil prices crashed. Russia’s economy collapsed. Economic and social problems intensified in energy- exporting countries and in emerging economies of Asia and South America. Deepening recession in Japan made recovery more difficult in Asia

157

WorldScan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WorldScan WorldScan Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WorldScan Agency/Company /Organization: Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) Sector: Climate, Energy Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/resources/res_display.asp?RecordID=1923 Related Tools Marginal Abatement Cost Tool (MACTool) Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) Gold Standard Program Model ... further results A recursively dynamic general equilibrium model for the world economy, developed for the analysis of long-term issues in international economics; used both as a tool to construct long-term scenarios and as an instrument

158

Water availability in +2C and +4C worlds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Musiake2001Global assessment of current water resources...2000Appraisal and assessment of world water resourcesWater...gridsTechnical report, Center for International Earth...information for impact assessments: an example from the...warming over pre-industrial levels should be avoided...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrocarbon Inc Hydrocarbon Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc Address 2016 Main St Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Biofuels Product Wholesale marketing of biodiesel and ethanol to refiners, blenders and petroleum distributors Website http://www.gulfhydrocarbon.com Coordinates 29.749227°, -95.371693° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.749227,"lon":-95.371693,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Using supercritical fluids to refine hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This is a method to reactively refine hydrocarbons, such as heavy oils with API gravities of less than 20.degree. and bitumen-like hydrocarbons with viscosities greater than 1000 cp at standard temperature and pressure using a selected fluid at supercritical conditions. The reaction portion of the method delivers lighter weight, more volatile hydrocarbons to an attached contacting device that operates in mixed subcritical or supercritical modes. This separates the reaction products into portions that are viable for use or sale without further conventional refining and hydro-processing techniques. This method produces valuable products with fewer processing steps, lower costs, increased worker safety due to less processing and handling, allow greater opportunity for new oil field development and subsequent positive economic impact, reduce related carbon dioxide, and wastes typical with conventional refineries.

Yarbro, Stephen Lee

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorbers were...

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons part Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorbers were...

163

Sexual selection on cuticular hydrocarbons of male sagebrush crickets in the wild  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...association between cuticular hydrocarbon composition and desiccation...temperature on cuticular lipids and water balance in a desert Drosophila...interactions for cuticular hydrocarbon expression in Drosophila simulans...evolutionary roles of cuticular hydrocarbons in Diptera. In Insect hydrocarbons...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Unconventional Energy Resources: 2011 Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains nine unconventional energy resource commodity summaries prepared by committees of the Energy Minerals Division (EMD) of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Unconventional energy resources, as used in this report, are those energy resources that do not occur in discrete oil or gas reservoirs held in structural or stratigraphic traps in sedimentary basins. These resources include coal, coalbed methane, gas hydrates, tight gas sands, gas shale and shale oil, geothermal resources, oil sands, oil shale, and uranium resources. Current U.S. and global research and development activities are summarized for each unconventional energy commodity in the topical sections of this report. Coal and uranium are expected to supply a significant portion of the world's energy mix in coming years. Coalbed methane continues to supply about 9% of the U.S. gas production and exploration is expanding in other countries. Recently, natural gas produced from shale and low-permeability (tight) sandstone has made a significant contribution to the energy supply of the United States and is an increasing target for exploration around the world. In addition, oil from shale and heavy oil from sandstone are a new exploration focus in many areas (including the Green River area of Wyoming and northern Alberta). In recent years, research in the areas of geothermal energy sources and gas hydrates has continued to advance. Reviews of the current research and the stages of development of these unconventional energy resources are described in the various sections of this report.

Collaboration: American Association of Petroleum Geologists

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Jute in the world, worlds of jute  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is in two parts. The first sketches out the reach of jute round the world from ancient times to the present, and, through examples ranging from Brazil to Bangladesh and from Cote d'Ivoire to the USA, makes the case that jute has played such a significant role that it deserves a place in world history alongside other great commodities like spices, sugar, tea, cotton, coal, and oil, that have shaped global history. The second part of the paper opens up the worlds of jute - from peasants who grew the jute, to male and female workers in Calcutta and Dundee, to the factory owners and managers - and makes comparisons between jute settings in different countries. A key issue explored is the interplay between the economic and ideological forces inherent in the manufacturing and marketing of jute products and the local cultures and traditions of workers and peasants within which the drama of jute was played out.

Gordon T. Stewart

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Sustainable treatment of hydrocarbon-contaminated industrial land  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Land contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons is a widespread and global environmental pollution issue from recovery and refining of crude oil and the ubiquitous use of hydrocarbons in industrial processes and applications. ...

Cunningham, Colin John

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

167

Chemical nature of high-molecular hydrocarbons of gaseous condensates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass spectrometry was used to study the group-structure composition of high-boiling 50 deg (200/degrees/-250/degrees/, 250/degrees/-300/degrees/, and 300/degrees/-350/degrees/C) fractions of East Turkmenistan condensates: the hydrocarbons composition is characterized by a high content of paraffinic hydrocarbons, and that of others by aromatic and naphthenic hydrocarbons. For all the condensates under investigation, as the boiling temperature of fractions increases, the content of paraffinic hydrocarbons in them is increased, while that of naphthenic hydrocarbons is reduced. The distribution of naphthenic hydrocarbons according to the number of rings is identical. In high-paraffin condensates, monoaromatic hydrocarbons consist mainly structures with alkyl substituents, but in condensates with a high content of aromatic and naphthenic hydrocarbons they consist mainly of structures with naphthenic substituents. 4 references, 1 figures, 2 tables.

Kul'dzhayev, B.A.; Makarov, V.V.; Sergiyenko, S.R.; Khramova, E.V.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Chapter 9 - Chemical and Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Hydrocarbons are the simplest organic compounds and contain only carbon and hydrogen but they can be straight chain or branched chain with the same empirical formula but showing differences in properties. Chemical change results in the hydrocarbon yielding a product that may be entirely different in composition to the starting hydrocarbonthe exception is the isomerization reaction where a straight-chain hydrocarbon is converted to a branched-chain hydrocarbon. Chemical properties of hydrocarbons describe the potential of hydrocarbons to undergo chemical change or reaction by virtue of the hydrocarbon structure. Physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the composition of matter. Physical properties are used to observe and describe matter. Physical properties that are of interest in the current context include: boiling point, melting point, density, vapor density, flash point, ignition temperature, and dew point.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Photosynthesis Web resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Photosynthesis Web resources Larry Orr � Govindjee Published online: 25 May 2013 Web has become important for public awareness and for educating the world's population, including its a brief Introduction, rele- vant information found on photosynthesis-related Web sites and other online

Govindjee

170

A CLASSIFICATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...now aggressive. India and China are not feared. The one country...develop her resources." The petroleum situation in the world to-day...the need for the manufactured imports for-merly received in exchange...industrializing of the present food-export-ing countries will wait on...

Nevin M. Fenneman

1925-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Additional Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The following resources are focused on Federal new construction and major renovation projects, sustainable construction, and the role of renewable energy technologies in such facilities. These...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons methyl Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy 2 Quantification of Local Ozone Production Attributable to Automobile Hydrocarbon Emissions Summary: -fueled automobiles, most cyclic hydrocarbons are...

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons progress Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Chemistry 3 Quantification of Local Ozone Production Attributable to Automobile Hydrocarbon Emissions Summary: -fueled automobiles, most cyclic hydrocarbons are...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons fluorene Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrocarbons... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants in urban environments... in the urbanized and rapidly urbanizing areas. Keywords...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon phenanthrene Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and dioxins are lipophilic organic pollutants occurring... absorption, pig INTRODUCTION Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons based Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aromatic Hydrocarbons Volatile Organic... Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Burn...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrocarbons... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants in urban environments... in the urbanized and rapidly urbanizing areas. Keywords...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons pah5 Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous, recalcitrant, and potentially carcinogenic pollutants. Plants Summary: 1461 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous,...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons inenvironmental Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrocarbons... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants in urban environments... in the urbanized and rapidly urbanizing areas. Keywords...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon o-quinones Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrocarbons... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants in urban environments... in the urbanized and rapidly urbanizing areas. Keywords...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons assessment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aromatic Hydrocarbons Volatile Organic... Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... of airborne soot. The air...

182

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzymes Acid + Caustic Wastewater Treatment Process Heat and Power Integration Biogas + Sludge Fuel Finishing (hydroprocessing, as needed) Electricity Hydrogen Hydrocarbon...

183

THE ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF HYDROCARBON PRODUCTION IN PARTHENIUM ARGENTATUM (GUAYULE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conversion of solar energy is the production of hydrocarbonsproduction of hydrocarbons. Mankind's use of biologically converted solar energy

Bauer, T.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

aromatic hydrocarbons coated: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: ??Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants, known human lung carcinogens, and potent mammary carcinogens in animal models....

185

Emergency action -- Hydrocarbon spill MCB Camp Pendleton, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On 10 April 1991, the Camp Pendleton Natural Resources Management Office received notice that a diesel fuel pipeline located at the Naval Regional Medical Center near Lake O`Neill had leaked on 5 April 1991. The leakage occurred from an exposed, ruptured fuel line that was used to transfer fuel between 12 underground storage tanks at a fuel farm and two large underground day tanks next to the hospital boiler building. The loss consisted of approximately 8,000 gallons of diesel {number_sign}2 fuel oil. The spill saturated the soil around the pipeline as well as overflowing into downslope utility conduits and vaults with termination upon a river terrace approximately 0.5 miles downslope of the spill area, and within 500 feet of the Santa Margarita River Channel, an aquifer recharge area. Because local groundwater is the primary freshwater resource for Camp Pendleton, the concern that this spill could immediately contaminate the local groundwater supply initiated an on-site emergency task order that consisted of emergency containment, neutralization, assessment, remediation and restoration of the hydrocarbon spill. The emergency action included containment and removal of free product in electrical conduits and vaults, neutralization of existing utility containment sources, removal and assessment of contaminated soils using excavation equipment, hollow-stem auger/dual percussion/and air rotary drilling rigs, and the creation of a bioremediation treatment cell adjacent to the spill site.

O`Connor, D. [IT Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

World Elephant Centre:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The World Elephant Centre tackles two problems of our time, in a global relevance framework. In fact, it is not only a typical case of (more)

Rota, M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

World Wide Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

World Wide Chemistry ... Plutonium has been produced for the first time at Britain's Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell. ... Indian Ore Reserves ...

G. ABRAHAMSON; RAFFAELE SANSONE

1949-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Production of hydrocarbons from hydrates. [DOE patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An economical and safe method of producing hydrocarbons (or natural gas) from in situ hydrocarbon-containing hydrates is given. Once started, the method will be self-driven and will continue producing hydrocarbons over an extended period of time (i.e., many days).

McGuire, P.L.

1981-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

189

Molecular carbon isotopic evidence for the origin of geothermal hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in the flask's headspace. This procedure produced negligible amounts of contaminating hydrocarbons. The geothermal hydrocarbons were separated and combusted, and the carbon dioxide product purified and measured using ... of the pyrolysis and spark discharge experiments, b, Isotopic abundance of hydrocarbons from four geothermal localities as follows: D, Cerro Prieto, well M-5, sampled January 1979; ...

David J. Des Marais; Jason H. Donchin; Nancy L. Nehring; Alfred H. Truesdell

1981-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nonlinear dependence of the solubility of water in hydrocarbons on the molar volume of the hydrocarbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solubility of water in fifty hydrocarbon solvents at 20C is estimated by ... in nonspecific cohesion forces, and assuming that water is primarily monomeric in solution, the prediction ... breaking of the H-b...

Paul Ruelle; Ulrich W. Kesselring

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Mass Transfer of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the individual components of four synthetic dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) mixtures into the aqueous hydrocarbons (PAHs), were designed to serve as models for coal tars and creosotes. The reactor employed (PAHs) are often present in the environment as components of such dense non- aqueous phase liquids

Peters, Catherine A.

192

Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County Sciences, Food and Resource Economics Department Gainesville, Florida October 17, 2006 Food and Resource Economics Department #12;i Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida

Florida, University of

193

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Energy and Economic Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1: World Energy and Economic Outlook 1: World Energy and Economic Outlook The IEO2006 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, despite world oil prices that are 35 percent higher in 2025 than projected in last year’s outlook. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2030. Figure 7. World Marketed Energy Consumption, 1980-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 8. World Marketed Energy Use: OECD and Non-OECD, 1980-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Table 1. World Marketed Energy Consumption by Country Grouping, 2003-2030 (Quadrillion Btu) Printer friendly version Region 2003 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Average Annual Percent Change, 2003-2030

194

International Energy Outlook - World Energy and Economic Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Energy and Economic Outlook World Energy and Economic Outlook International Energy Outlook 2004 World Energy and Economic Outlook The IEO2004 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, including large increases for the developing economies of Asia. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2025. Figure 12. World Primary Energy Consumption, 1970-2025. Need help, call the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 Figure Data Figure 13. World Energy Consumption by Region, 1970-2025. Need help, call the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 14. World Primary Energy Consumption by Energy Source, 1970-2025. Need help, call the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data

195

Chile-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Chile-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Resource Type Dataset Country Chile South America References World Bank Project Database - Chile[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Chile 1.1 CL Securitization and Carbon Sinks Project 1.2 Chile Santiago Composting Project 1.3 Chile Quilleco Hydropower Project 1.4 Chile Hornitos Project (Chacabuquito II) 1.5 Sustainable Transport and Air Quality for Santiago (GEF) 1.6 Chile Sustainable Land Management Project 2 References World Bank Active Climate Projects in Chile CL Securitization and Carbon Sinks Project Chile Santiago Composting Project Chile Quilleco Hydropower Project

196

IRF-World Road Statistics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IRF-World Road Statistics IRF-World Road Statistics Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: IRF-World Road Statistics Agency/Company /Organization: International Road Statistics Focus Area: Transportation, Economic Development Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.irfnet.org/statistics.php Cost: Paid IRF-World Road Statistics Screenshot References: IRF-World Road Statistics[1] "IRF World Road Statistics (WRS) compiles the most up-to-date official international road, traffic and transport data. The publication further provides a selection of the latest Sustainable Development Indicators and other data of key relevance, not only to industry and business but also to leading international organisations and financial institutions." References ↑ "IRF-World Road Statistics"

197

Chapter 11 - Hydrothermal Upgradation of Algae into Value-added Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy security, increasing oil prices, fossil resource depletion, and climate change are some of the greatest challenges faced by mankind at present. Third-generation biofuel feedstock and micro-and macroalgae have many advantages over the first and second generations of biofuels. In addition, defatted algae can also be used as a feedstock for production of hydrocarbons. Thermochemical methods are more efficient than any other routes for conversion of algae. Among thermochemical methods, hydrothermal upgradation is the most promising because it can process feedstock such as algae with very high moisture content. Various reactors, catalysts, and operating parameters have been tested to valorize algae by liquefaction and gasification, and promising results have been obtained. Breakthroughs in reactors and/or catalysts for hydrothermal upgradation, proper utilization of the side products obtained, and integration with various other methods to extract high-value hydrocarbons/products from algae would help make algal biorefinery economical and sustainable.

Rawel Singh; Thallada Bhaskar; Bhavya Balagurumurthy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Mobile Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Have a mobile device? Find tips and information here. Questions? 505-667-5809 Email For information call the Service Desk at (505) 667-5809 or email mobilelibrary@lanl.gov The following resources are optimized for mobile devices or have mobile apps available for download. Resource Available App Mobile Website Available off Yellow Network with Pairing or Login Additional Information AACR Journals Apple Yes, the Journals are optimized for mobile viewing. Not the whole AACR site. Instructional pdf on pairing with voucher ACS Apple Android No American Institute of Physics Apple No American Mathematical Society No Yes Instructions for pairing mobile devices, tablets, laptops, etc. American Physical Society No Annual Reviews No Yes Instructions for pairing with mobile device available on website.

199

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities (Redirected from General Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414

200

World Bank Renewable Energy Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Renewable Energy Toolkit World Bank Renewable Energy Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Renewable Energy Toolkit Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: World Bank RE Toolkit Homepage [1] The Word Bank's REToolKit is designed "to assist Bank staff and country counterparts to improve the design and implementation of renewable energy (RE) projects, incorporates best practices and lessons learned from RE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Caenorhabditis elegans orthologs of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and its heterodimerization partner the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WI 53706 The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is...The mammalian aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is...complex with the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) and...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as {beta...cigarette smoking and other combustion processes, initiate...

Jo Anne Powell-Coffman; Christopher A. Bradfield; William B. Wood

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Caenorhabditis elegans orthologs of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and its heterodimerization partner the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mammalian aryl hydrocarbon receptor...the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as {beta...smoking and other combustion processes...we searched data from the...Helminth HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins...Molecular Sequence Data Protein Binding...Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon genetics metabolism...

Jo Anne Powell-Coffman; Christopher A. Bradfield; William B. Wood

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

1 - Mapping virtual worlds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Virtual worlds are many and varied. In investigating the scope of virtual communities, it is important to understand social and theoretical issues that impact online participants. Such issues as gender, ontology, socio-technological integration, and corporeal interface all impact exploration of virtual worlds.

Woody Evans

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

World Power Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A TWO-DAY meeting of the International Executive Council of the World Power Conference has been held at Stockholm. Nineteen countries were represented : Australia, Austria, Belgium, ... of the International Executive Council and of the British National Committee of the World Power Conference, who presided ; Mr. Harold Hobson, vice-chairman of the British National Committee ...

1948-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

205

World Power Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE theme of the Canadian Sectional Meeting of the World Power Conference, to be held in Montreal during September 7-11, 1958, will be "Economic ... other application forms, can be obtained from the Secretary, British National Committee, World Power Conference, 201 Grand Buildings, Trafalgar Square, London, W.C.2. At the meeting ...

1958-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

206

Hydrocarbon composition of crude oils near the Caspian depression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural-group composition of hydrocarbons of Mesozoic crude oils near the Caspian depression was investigated by mass-spectrometry, followed by the analysis of the mass-spectra using a computer. The distribution of naphthenic hydrocarbons, according to the number of rings and of aromatic hydrocarbons, according to the degree of hydrogen unsaturation is similar for all the crude oils examined. The hydrocarbon composition of Mesozoic crude oils is characterized by a reduction in the content of aliphatic hydrocarbons and alkyl benzenes.

Botneva, T.A.; Khramova, E.V.; Nekhamkina, L.G.; Polyakova, A.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Composition of paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons in petroleum asphalts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uses a combination of chromatographic, chemical, and spectroscopic methods to determine the composition of the paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons recovered from asphalts. Monitors the completeness of separation of the hydrocarbons from the aromatics on the basis of UV spectra. Finds that in the mixture of adduct-forming hydrocarbons, along with the n-paraffins there were admixtures of isoparaffins and longchain alkylnaphthenes. Concludes that a comparison of the structural-group composition of the asphalt fractions from the different crudes shows that there are only slight differences in the structure of the paraffinic/naphthenic hydrocarbons present in these asphalts, particularly with regard to those hydrocarbons that do not react with urea.

Botvin'eva, A.M.; Dubkova, R.V.; Shkredova, N.A.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Plasma-assisted conversion of solid hydrocarbon to diamond  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process of preparing diamond, e.g., diamond fiber, by subjecting a hydrocarbon material, e.g., a hydrocarbon fiber, to a plasma treatment in a gaseous feedstream for a sufficient period of time to form diamond, e.g., a diamond fiber is disclosed. The method generally further involves pretreating the hydrocarbon material prior to treatment with the plasma by heating within an oxygen-containing atmosphere at temperatures sufficient to increase crosslinking within said hydrocarbon material, but at temperatures insufficient to melt or decompose said hydrocarbon material, followed by heating at temperatures sufficient to promote outgassing of said crosslinked hydrocarbon material, but at temperatures insufficient to convert said hydrocarbon material to carbon.

Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM); Pattillo, Stevan G. (Los Alamos, NM); Trkula, Mitchell (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Shah, S. Ismat (Wilmington, DE)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Online Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Online Resources Online Resources       General Information Discovering New Physics - Fermilab: where physicists unravel the mysteries of the universe Electromagnetic Simulation: Charged Particle Motion in E/M Field (by Fu-Kwun Hwang, National Taiwan Normal University) Fermilabyrinth - Online versions of exhibits at the Lederman Science Center Fermilab Virtual Tour - Photos of accelerators and detectors with figure captions International Particle Physics Outreach Group (from CERN) Fermilab Homepage - Links to general information, experiments and projects (Fermilab at Work), particle physics (inquiring minds), resources for students (education) and more High-Energy Physics Acronyms - (from Fermilab) Particle Physics - a list of links from the American Physical Society)

210

Hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation process for in situ destruction of chlorinated hydrocarbon and fuel hydrocarbon contaminants in water and soil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In situ hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation process is useful for in situ degradation of hydrocarbon water and soil contaminants. Fuel hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum distillates and other organic contaminants present in the soil and water are degraded by the process involving hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation into non-toxic products of the degradation. The process uses heat which is distributed through soils and water, optionally combined with oxygen and/or hydrocarbon degradation catalysts, and is particularly useful for remediation of solvent, fuel or other industrially contaminated sites.

Knauss, Kevin G. (Livermore, CA); Copenhaver, Sally C. (Livermore, CA); Aines, Roger D. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) In the IEO2001 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. Crude oil prices remained above $25 per barrel in nominal terms for most of 2000 and have been near $30 per barrel in the early months of 2001. Prices were influenced by the disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC’s successful market management strategy was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the ultra-low oil price environment of 1998 and early 1999. Three additional factors contributed to the resiliency of oil prices in

212

Center Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources for Planning Center Activities Resources for Planning Center Activities       QuarkNet at Work - Resources Home QuarkNet is a teacher professional development effort funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy. Teachers work on particle physics experiments during a summer and join a cadre of scientists and teachers working to introduce some aspects of their research into their classrooms. This allows tomorrow's particle physicists to peek over the shoulder of today's experimenters. These resources are available for lead teachers and mentors at Quartnet Centers as they design activities for associate teacher workshops and follow-on activities. Important Findings from Previous Years Mentor Tips Associate Teacher Institute Toolkit

213

Tools & Resources: Resource Directory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resource Directory Resource Directory The guidance documents and reports below have been used by Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partners to build their programs and guide them to early successes. The tools and calculators can be used by homeowners, business owners, and program designers to help determine energy savings and other benefits associated with energy efficiency upgrades. Guidance Documents and Reports Background Program Evaluation Program Updates and Lessons Learned Program Design Marketing and Driving Demand Financing and Incentives Workforce Development Partnering with Utilities Technical Resources Tools and Calculators For Homes For Commercial Buildings Emissions and Equivalency Calculators Guidance Documents and Reports Background Recovery Through Retrofit Report

214

GrIPP-NET A S M Renewable Resources in Southeast Asia RENEWABLE RESOURCES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (SEA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper summarizes the wind, small hydro, biomass resource potentials of SEA. 2. Wind Resources Selected areas in the region have good wind energy potential. Based on a World Bank-AAEP study, there are good to excellent wind resource areas for large-scale wind generation that can be found in the

N. C. Domingo; F. V. Ferraris

215

Cultural (Historical) Resource Management, Environmental Protection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History Homepage History Homepage Accelerators & Detectors Cosmotron AGS Strong-focusing 80" Bubble Chamber The omega-minus 7' Bubble Chamber The charmed baryon NSLS RHIC Reactors Graphite Research Reactor High Flux Beam Reactor Medical Research Reactor Life Sciences Medical breakthroughs Biology research Plant Genetics Other BNL Nobel Prizes The First Video Game? BNL Physics Timeline Camp Upton Historic Images BNL Cultural (Historical) Resource Management Cultural (Historical) Resource Management at Brookhaven National Laboratory Photograph of the remains of WWI training trenches The Environmental Protection Division is responsible for ensuring compliance with historic preservation requirements. The BNL Cultural Resource Management Plan identifies and describes the management plans for of all of BNL's cultural resources. These resources include World War I trenches, Civilian Conservation Corps features, World War II buildings, and historic structures, programs and discoveries associated with high energy physics, research reactors, and other science conducted at the Laboratory.

216

United States: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States: Energy Resources United States: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Click on a state to view that state's page. Country Profile Name United States Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 99.53 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code US 3-letter ISO code USA Numeric ISO code 840 UN Region[1] Northern America OpenEI Resources Energy Maps 1143 view Tools 94 view Programs 25 view Energy Organizations 8947 view Research Institutions 128 view References CIA World Factbook, Appendix D[2] Energy Resources Resource Value Units Rank Period Source Wind Potential 2,237,435 Area(km²) Class 3-7 Wind at 50m 3 1990 NREL Solar Potential 24,557,081,451 MWh/year 6 2008 NREL Coal Reserves 260,551.00 Million Short Tons 1 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 6,928,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 6 2010 CIA World Factbook

217

Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes to unsaturated hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes to unsaturated hydrocarbons is carried out over metal vanadate catalysts under oxidizing conditions. The vanadate catalysts are represented by the formulas M[sub 3](VO[sub 4])[sub 2] and MV[sub 2]O[sub 6], M representing Mg, Zn, Ca, Pb, or Cd. The reaction is carried out in the presence of oxygen, but the formation of oxygenate by-products is suppressed.

Kung, H.H.; Chaar, M.A.

1988-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

218

Getter pump for hydrogen and hydrocarbon gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gettering device for hydrogen isotopes and gaseous hydrocarbons based on the interaction of a plasma and graphite used as cathodic material. The plasma is maintained at a current density within the range of about 1 to about 1000 mA/cm/sup 2/. The graphite may be heated to a temperature greater than 1000/degree/C. The new device offers high capacity, low noise, and gas species selectivity. 2 figs.

Hsu, Wen Ling

1987-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

the World Wide Web  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

technical report has been made electronically available on the World Wide Web through a contribution from Walter L. Warnick In honor of Enrico Fermi Leader of the first nuclear...

220

Pleonastic possible worlds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of possible worlds in philosophy is hard to overestimate. Nevertheless, their nature and existence is very controversial. This is particularly serious, since their standard applications depend on ther...

Alexander Steinberg

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The world's largest landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world's largest landfill ... GeoChip-Based Analysis of Microbial Functional Gene Diversity in a Landfill Leachate-Contaminated Aquifer ... GeoChip-Based Analysis of Microbial Functional Gene Diversity in a Landfill Leachate-Contaminated Aquifer ...

Joseph M. Suflita; Charles P. Gerba; Robert K. Ham; Anna C. Palmisano; William L. Rathje; Joseph A. Robinson

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Macrobenthic community structure and total sediment respiration at cold hydrocarbon seeps in the northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the California coast (Spies and DesMarais, 1983). Beggiatoa forms dense mats near seeps and provides an abundant source of food for deposit-feeding sediment infauna. These bacterial mats are integral in the trophic enrichment of seeps since they can degrade... hydrocarbons and oxidize sulphide (Spies and DesMarais, 1983). Meiofauna communities have rarely been studied at seeps, and as of yet no persistent evidence can determine how they benefit from seep resources. One important function that meiofauna may serve...

Nunnally, Clifton Charles

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

WorldLens: exploring world events through media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of WorldLens is to provide a visual answer to the question: "what is happening in the world?" This thesis entails the design and development of a system that provides an exploratory view into world events across ...

Speiser, Jonathan Eliezer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Global Forest Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Forest Resource Assessment Global Forest Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Forest Resource Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.fao.org/forestry/fra/fra2010/en/ Global Forest Resource Assessment Screenshot References: Global Forest Research Assessment[1] Overview "FAO, in cooperation with its member countries, has monitored the world's forests at 5 to 10 year intervals since 1946. These global assessments provide valuable information to policy-makers in countries, to international negotiations, arrangements and organizations related to forests and to the general public. The Global Forest Resources Assessment

225

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/results.asp?ptype=Models/Too References: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool [1] NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool This interactive tool enables the user to look at both total and power sector CO2 emissions from the use of coal, oil, or natural gas, over the period 1990 to 2030. One can use the tool to compare five of the larger CO2 emitters to each other or to overall world emissions. The data are from the

226

Mexico-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset Country Mexico Central America References World Bank Project Database - Mexico [1] Contents 1 Active World Bank climate projects in Mexico including 1.1 Urban Transport Transformation 1.2 Efficient Lighting and Appliances 1.3 Sustainable Transport and Air Quality 1.4 Sustainable Rural - IBRD 1.5 Sustainable Rural Development - GEF 1.6 Mexico Framework for Green Growth Development Policy Loan 1.7 Mexico Environmental Sustainability Development Policy Loan 2 References Active World Bank climate projects in Mexico including Urban Transport Transformation (180M Pipeline)

227

Ghana-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Country Ghana Western Africa References World Bank Project Database - Ghana [1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana 1.1 Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant 1.2 Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) 1.3 Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project 1.4 Ghana Natural Resources and Environmental Governance 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant (.2M - Active) Energy Development and Access Project - IBRD/IDA (90M - Active) Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project (5.5M - Active).

228

Sources and Deposition of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to Western U.S. National Parks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sources and Deposition of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to Western U.S. National Parks ... Department of Chemistry and Department of Environmental & Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, Department of Chemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin 9014 New Zealand, United States Department of Agriculture - Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region Air Program, Corvallis, Oregon 97330, US Geological Survey - Water Resources Division, Denver Federal Center, Lakewood, Colorado, Environmental Radioactivity Research Centre, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, U.K., United States Environmental Protection Agency - Western Ecology Division, Corvallis, Oregon 97333 ...

Sascha Usenko; Staci L. Massey Simonich; Kimberly J. Hageman; Jill E. Schrlau; Linda Geiser; Don H. Campbell; Peter G. Appleby; Dixon H. Landers

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

World Energy Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reliable forecast of energy resources, energy consumption, and population in the future is a ... So, instead of absolute figures about future energy demand and sources worldwide, which would become...3.1 correl...

Giovanni Petrecca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Comparisons of hydrocarbon and nitrogen distributions in geologically diverse tar sand bitumen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characteristics of bitumens from different tar sand deposits are generally significantly different and affect the utilization of the resource. The chemical and physical properties of bitumen are a result of maturation reactions on the varied organic sediments. For example, saturated hydrocarbon distributions have been related to the geochemical history of organic matter. Very paraffinic or sometimes paraffinic-naphthenic distributions in organic matter are derived from a nonmarine depositional environment. More aromatic and paraffinic-naphthenic hydrocarbon distributions are derived from organic matter deposited in a marine environment. The characteristics of the bitumen also influence the potential for recovery and subsequent processing of the material. For example, saturated hydrocarbons contribute to the high pour points of recovered oils. The origin and composition of an oil influence its viscosity, API gravity, and coke formation during processing, particularly under low-temperature oxidation conditions. The objective of this work is to determine the chemical and physical properties of several samples of bitumen from geologically diverse tar sand deposits. The compound-type distributions and LTD properties of these bitumens are discussed relative to the depositional environment and processing potential of the organic matter.

Holmes, S.A.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Methods of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the technology "Methods of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts." The technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview This invention discloses a method to reform hydrocarbon fuels using hexa- aluminate catalysts. In general, the method successfully disrupts the forma- tion of carbon that leads to the deactivation of the catalyst, a key element in the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. When researchers are designing catalysts to reform hydrocarbon fuels, one

232

Energy: world needs and reserves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy: world needs and reserves ... Lippencott takes stock of the world energy reserves and the demand the US places on these reserves. ...

W. T. Lippincott

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Sunergy World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunergy World Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sunergy World Place: Boise, Idaho Zip: 83707 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Idaho-based wind and solar project developer....

234

Keeping The Lights On In the New World  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Lights On In the New World The Lights On In the New World DRAFT REPORT Chapter 2 Generation Adequacy Trends and obstacles confronting greater contribution from generation resources Topic Assignment: Woolf 1 , Cavanagh, Smitherman, Gramlich, Weisgall, Allen, Cauley Chapter 2. Generation Supply Adequacy GENERATION TRENDS During the late 1990's and early 2000's, overall base load generation construction declined as generators were reluctant to commit resources to an unsettled regulatory and developing market based environment. In that same time frame, non-dispatchable or intermittent land-based wind resources began to gain a foothold in mid-western areas. In the U.S. alone, non-dispatchable resources have continued to grow from 7,596 megawatts in 1990 to 23,113 megawatts in 2007.

235

Keeping The Lights On In the New World  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Our New World Energy Future Our New World Energy Future DRAFT REPORT Chapter 2 Generation Adequacy Trends and obstacles confronting greater contribution from generation resources Topic Assignment: Woolf 1 , Cavanagh, Smitherman, Gramlich, Weisgall, Allen, Cauley Chapter 2. Generation Supply Adequacy GENERATION TRENDS During the late 1990's and early 2000's, overall base load generation construction declined as generators were reluctant to commit resources to an unsettled regulatory and developing market based environment. In that same time frame, non-dispatchable or variable land-based wind resources began to gain a foothold in mid-western areas. In the U.S. alone, non-dispatchable resources have continued to grow from 2,013 megawatts in 1990 to 16,114 megawatts in 2007.

236

world | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

world world Dataset Summary Description Total annual carbon dioxide emissions by country, 2005 to 2009 (million metric tons). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA). Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords carbon dioxide emissions EIA world Data text/csv icon total_carbon_dioxide_emissions_from_the_consumption_of_energy_2005_2009million_metric_tons.csv (csv, 12.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 - 2009 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

237

Catalytic Upgrading of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fractionation Hydrogen Acid, Caustic, Enzymes Wastewater Treatment Insoluble solids Biogas + Sludge Process Heat and Power Integration Corn Stover Hydrocarbon Biofuels (i.e....

238

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with...

239

CSIA of Petroleum Hydrocarbons: Forensic Fingerprinting and Oil Spill Characterisation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis has identified a suite of hydrocarbon diagnostic indices to be applied in the forensic fingerprinting of diesel oil characterisation and source identification using (more)

Muhammad, Syahidah Akmal binti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The mobility of petroleum hydrocarbons in Athabasca oil sands tailings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Several oil sands tailings from Suncor Energy Inc. were analysed with respect to the mobility and solubility of the petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) contaminants. At sites (more)

Brickner, Heather

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Process for making unsaturated hydrocarbons using microchannel process technology  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosed invention relates to a process for converting a feed composition comprising one or more hydrocarbons to a product comprising one or more unsaturated hydrocarbons, the process comprising: flowing the feed composition and steam in contact with each other in a microchannel reactor at a temperature in the range from about 200.degree. C. to about 1200.degree. C. to convert the feed composition to the product, the process being characterized by the absence of catalyst for converting the one or more hydrocarbons to one or more unsaturated hydrocarbons. Hydrogen and/or oxygen may be combined with the feed composition and steam.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Lewis Center, OH); LaPlante, Timothy J. (Columbus, OH); Rankin, Scott (Columbus, OH); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Fitzgerald, Sean Patrick (Columbus, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Mazanec, Terry (Solon, OH) Daymo, Eric (Dublin, OH)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

Carbonaceous adsorbent regeneration and halocarbon displacement by hydrocarbon gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention describes a process for regeneration of halocarbon bearing carbonaceous adsorbents through which a carbonaceous adsorbent is contacted with hydrocarbon gases, preferably propane, butane and pentane at near room temperatures and at atmospheric pressure. As the hydrocarbon gases come in contact with the adsorbent, the hydrocarbons displace the halocarbons by physical adsorption. As a result of using this process, the halocarbon concentration and the hydrocarbon eluant is increased thereby allowing for an easier recovery of pure halocarbons. By using the process of this invention, carbonaceous adsorbents can be regenerated by an inexpensive process which also allows for subsequent re-use of the recovered halocarbons. 8 figures.

Senum, G.I.; Dietz, R.N.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

243

Carbonaceous adsorbent regeneration and halocarbon displacement by hydrocarbon gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention describes a process for regeneration of halocarbon bearing carbonaceous adsorbents through which a carbonaceous adsorbent is contacted with hydrocarbon gases, preferably propane, butane and pentane at near room temperatures and at atmospheric pressure. As the hydrocarbon gases come in contact with the adsorbent, the hydrocarbons displace the halocarbons by physical adsorption. As a result of using this process, the halocarbon concentration and the hydrocarbon eluant is increased thereby allowing for an easier recovery of pure halocarbons. By using the process of this invention, carbonaceous adsorbents can be regenerated by an inexpensive process which also allows for subsequent re-use of the recovered halocarbons.

Senum, Gunnar I. (Patchogue, NY); Dietz, Russell N. (Patchogue, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Catalytic Upgrading of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the catalytic conversion of solubilized carbohydrate streams to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent efforts within the National Advanced Biofuels Consortium...

245

Mechanisms of Hydrocarbon Poisoning of A Urea SCR Catalyst  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Understanding what reactions and which catalytic functions are affected by hydrocarbons can lead to improved tolerances for selective catalytic reduction performance

246

Electrical dispersion of water drops suspended in hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of alternating (50 Hz) and direct current fields on drops of distilled water in a nonpolar hydrocarbon medium were examined.

G. M. Panchenkov; V. V. Papko; V. Ya. Baranov

1968-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Systems and methods for producing hydrocarbons from tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a tar sands formation is disclosed. A plurality of heaters are located in the formation. The heaters include at least partially horizontal heating sections at least partially in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The heating sections are at least partially arranged in a pattern in the hydrocarbon layer. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the hydrocarbon layer. The provided heat creates a plurality of drainage paths for mobilized fluids. At least two of the drainage paths converge. A production well is located to collect and produce mobilized fluids from at least one of the converged drainage paths in the hydrocarbon layer.

Li, Ruijian (Katy, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

248

Advanced Diesel Combustion with Low Hydrocarbon and Carbon Monoxide...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Combustion with Low Hydrocarbon and Carbon Monoxide Emissions Poster Location P-19 Gregory K. Lilik, Andr L. Boehman Department of Energy & Mineral Engineering EMS Energy...

249

Ancestral Nesson anticline and associated geothermal anomalies: Enhanced hydrocarbon generation controlled by crustal structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon generation in the Williston basin is influenced by crustal motions and geothermal gradient anomalies associated with the ancestral Nesson anticline, a long-lived crustal structure located along 103{degree} longitude. This structure and its effects are particularly important in Canada where most petroleum source rocks were not sufficiently buried to have generated hydrocarbons in a normal geothermal gradient environment. High geothermal gradients associated with this structure raise the oil window and expand the region of source rock thermal maturity. Ancestral Nesson structure subsided differentially throughout the Phanerozoic, controlling paleobathymetry and facies over its crest. During the Upper Ordovician the structure was positive; rich potential petroleum source rocks were deposited on the western flank of the structure, generally excluding them from the zone of elevated heat flows. The total petroleum potential of this oil-source system exceeds 5.5 billion bbl of oil equivalent in Canada alone. Unfortunately, its exclusion from the maturation anomaly results in no more than 200 million bbl of oil being expelled from these sources. During the Middle Devonian, the structure was a negative feature that formed a starved subbasin separating the Winnipegosis and Elm Point carbonate shelves. Rich potential petroleum source rocks that accumulated on the crest of the structure at that time now overlie the region of elevated heat that flows and enhanced hydrocarbon maturation. Two billion barrels of oil are estimated to have been expelled from this source rock. Understanding the history and tectonics of the ancestral Nesson anticline is fundamental to a correct appraisal of hydrocarbon resources in the Williston basin.

Osadetz, K.G.; Snowdon, L.R. (Geological Survey of Canada, Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Projection of world fossil fuels by country  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Detailed projections of world fossil fuel production including unconventional sources were created by country and fuel type to estimate possible future fossil fuel production. Four critical countries (China, USA, Canada and Australia) were examined in detail with projections made on the state/province level. Ultimately Recoverable Resources (URR) for fossil fuels were estimated for three scenarios: Low=48.4 ZJ, Best Guess (BG)=75.7 ZJ, High=121.5 ZJ. The scenarios were developed using Geologic Resources Supply-Demand Model (GeRS-DeMo). The Low and Best Guess (BG) scenarios suggest that world fossil fuel production may peak before 2025 and decline rapidly thereafter. The High scenario indicates that fossil fuels may have a strong growth till 2025 followed by a plateau lasting approximately 50years before declining. All three scenarios suggest that world coal production may peak before 2025 due to peaking Chinese production and that only natural gas could have strong growth in the future. In addition, by converting the fossil fuel projections to greenhouse gas emissions, the projections were compared to IPCC scenarios which indicated that based on current estimates of URR there are insufficient fossil fuels to deliver the higher emission IPCC scenarios \\{A1Fl\\} and RCP8.5.

S.H. Mohr; J. Wang; G. Ellem; J. Ward; D. Giurco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Optimizing hydrocarbon recoveries in nitrogen rejection units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to address conceptual questions such as process selection and natural gas liquids plant integration, an understanding of the effects of several additional factors on nitrogen rejection unit design is important. These factors, which may influence optimum hydrocarbon recovery, installed compression, etc., include current and forecast values for natural gas and utilities, project life, plant size, feed gas composition and product specifications, feed pressure, and process variations. Prices, project life, and plant size are analyzed in detail and presented in terms of methane recoveries as a function of nitrogen content in the feed for both double and single column processes. Trends are qualitatively discussed for the remaining factors. 13 references.

Chesney, J.D.; Davis, R.A.; Hilton, M.F.; Vines, H.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Teacher Resource Center: Fermilab Web Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fermilab Web Resources Fermilab Web Resources TRC Home TRC Fact Sheet Library Curricular Resources Science Fair Resources Bibliographies sciencelines The Best of sciencelines Archives Annotated List of URLs Catalog Teacher's Lounge Full Workshop Catalog Customized Workshops Scheduled Workshops Special Opportunities Teacher Networks Science Lab Fermilab Science Materials Samplers Order Form Science Safety Issues Tech Room Fermilab Web Resources The following materials are on the webserver. Fermilab Resources for Students - You might bookmark some of these resources to give your students easy access to information. Fermilab Resources for Students - You might bookmark some of these resources to give your students easy access to information. Photographs and video clips from Fermilab's Visual Media Services

253

NEW WORLD FOR BIOFUELS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NEW WORLD FOR BIOFUELS ... SOME $170 BILLION in new technology development projects, infrastructure equipment and construction, and biofuel refineries will result from the ethanol production standards contained in energy legislation enacted into law late last year, said biotechnology industry advocates in an end-of-year briefing. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

World Power Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . J. T. BAKKER, chairman of the Netherlands National Committee of the World Power Conference, has agreed to become acting chairman of the International Executive Council of the ... , has agreed to become acting chairman of the International Executive Council of the Conference during the War. Correspondence intended for the International Executive Council should be addressed to ...

1939-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

255

The World Power Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... WE have received from the Central Office of the World Power Conference, Kingsway, London, the annual report for 1937. Dr. William F. Durand is ... president and Sir Harold Hartley is the chairman of the International Executive Council. The first conference was held in London in 1924, the second in Berlin in 1930 and the ...

1938-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

256

better world Scientists and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hazardous waste, control air pollution and promote environmental health. Because these fields are complex, environmental, mathematical and physical sciences. And Oregon State University is a great place to start building that experience. Here, you can study with world-renowned faculty, participate in groundbreaking

Escher, Christine

257

World energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

World Energy Outlook 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OECD/IEA - OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 To Cover... To Cover To Cover ... ... Transport Energy and CO 2 Where are we going? What are the dangers? How do we change direction? Primarily reporting on: IEA WEO 2008 IEA ETP 2008 On-going work with IEA's Mobility Model One or two detours to talk about modelling © OECD/IEA - 2008 0 2 000 4 000 6 000 8 000 10 000 12 000 14 000 16 000 18 000 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Mtoe Other renewables Hydro Nuclear Biomass Gas Coal Oil World energy demand expands by 45% between now and 2030 - an average rate of increase of 1.6% per year - with coal accounting for more than a third of the overall rise Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook 2008 Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook

259

Around the World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...billion-dollar mission later in the decadea constellation of spacecraft to investigate how Earth's atmosphere absorbs solar wind energywould require a budget boost if it is to be in service by the next solar maximum in 2024. Around the world...

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

260

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 For immediate release: 06/05/2013 | NR-13-06-02 Synthesis of prebiotic hydrocarbons in impacts of simple icy mixtures on early Earth. Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life. In fact, new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world. Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman and University of Ontario Institute of Technology colleague Isaac Tamblyn (a former LLNL postdoc) found that icy comets that crashed into Earth billions of years ago could have produced life building organic compounds, including the building blocks of proteins and nucleobases pairs of DNA and RNA. Comets contain a variety of simple molecules, such as water, ammonia,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mutagenicity of Soot and Associated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to Salmonella typhimurium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were quantitatively...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon constituent in a kerosene...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon fraction in terms of...formed by the incomplete combustion of organic material...and sediments (1), heat and power generation...

Debra A. Kaden; Ronald A. Hites; and William G. Thilly

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon investigation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on ... Source: Kim, Ji Man - Department...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons investigated Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on ... Source: Kim, Ji Man - Department...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon components Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on ... Source: Kim, Ji Man - Department...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon molecules Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on monolithic ... Source: Kim, Ji Man -...

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons molecules Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on monolithic ... Source: Kim, Ji Man -...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons resulting Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... and conversion of various hydrocarbons on monolithic ... Source: Kim, Ji Man -...

268

The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion...mammals. The fate of fossil fuel hydrocarbons in marine animals. | Journal Article...Carcinogens 0 Epoxy Compounds 0 Fuel Oils 0 Hydrocarbons 0 Naphthalenes...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Ozonation of Mutagenic and Carcinogenic Polyaromatic Amines and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amines and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Water 1 1 Supported by a grant...amines and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in water. | The Salmonella-microsome...g., 13 halogenated hydrocarbons were identified in the drinking water of New Orleans (13...

Gary R. Burleson; Michael J. Caulfield; and Morris Pollard

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Determination of hydrocarbons in water interlaboratory method validation before routine monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The clarification of hydrocarbon input into the Baltic sea via rivers ... of a new method for the determination of hydrocarbons by solvent extraction and gas chromatography. Surrogate oil solutions with known hydrocarbon

P. Woitke; Reinhard Krener; Peter Lepom

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Process for using preferential physical solvents for selective processing of hydrocarbon gas streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for the removal of hydrocarbon gas liquids, comprising hydrocarbons heavier than methane, from a hydrocarbon gas stream, wherein a need exists for recovering to any selected degree and at extremely high recoveries a selected hydrocarbon component and heavier hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons are within the group consisting of ethane, propane, butane, and pentane without the need simultaneously to recover hydrocarbons lighter than the selected hydrocarbon component from the hydrocarbon gas stream, The improvement of selectively extracting the hydrocarbon gas liquids from the hydrocarbon gas stream with a preferential physical solvent is described here. The method provides selective capability for recovery according to the selected degree of (a) ethane in amounts ranging from 2-98%, (b) propane in amounts ranging from 2-99%, (c) butane in amounts ranging from 2-100%, or (d) pentanes and higher molecular weight hydrocarbons in amounts ranging up to 100%.

Mehra, Y.R.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

272

Teacher Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Teacher Programs JLab Science Activities for Teachers - An afternoon science program for 5th, 6th and 8th grade teachers. [Program Dates: September 2013 - May 2014] Teacher Night at Jefferson Lab - Teacher Night will be held on April 2nd, 2014. Please sign-up by March 19th, 2014! Education Events Physics Fest - Cryogenics, electricity and more! Reserve your space today! Science Series - Science lectures for high school and middle school students! [Video Archive] Education Events Mailing List - An electronic mailing list to keep you informed of Jefferson Lab's public education events! Workshops and Local Groups The Virginia Section of the American Nuclear Society - Single and multi-day workshops on the science of nuclear energy and radiation.

273

Hydrocarbon steam reforming using series steam superheaters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a process for steam reforming of a hydrocarbon gas feedstream wherein: the hydrocarbon gas feedstream is partially reformed at elevated temperatures in indirect heat exchange with hot combustion gases in a direct fired primary reforming furnace provided with a convection section for recovery of excess heat from said combustion gases; and the partially reformed feedstream is then further reformed in the presence of an oxygen-containing gas and steam in a secondary reformer to form a secondary reformer gaseous effluent; the improvement which comprises recovering waste heat from said secondary reformer effluent gas and from said primary reforming combustion products by heating a high pressure saturated steam in a first steam superheating zone by indirect heat exchange with at least a portion of said secondary reformer effluent gas to form a first superheated steam stream; and further heating said first superheated steam in a second steam superheating zone by indirect heat exchange with at least a portion of said primary reformer hot combustion gases for form a second superheated steam stream.

Osman, R. M.

1985-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Portal Portal Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal Name World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Climate Resource Type Maps, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/cl References World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal[1] Abstract The WB Climate Change Portal is intended to provide quick and readily accessible climate and climate-related data to policy makers and development practitioners. World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal Screenshot "The WB Climate Change Portal is intended to provide quick and readily accessible climate and climate-related data to policy makers and development practitioners. The site also includes a mapping visualization tool (webGIS) that displays

275

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil.gif (4669 bytes) oil.gif (4669 bytes) A moderate view of future oil market developments is reflected in IEO99. Sustained high levels of oil prices are not expected, whereas continued expansion of the oil resource base is anticipated. The crude oil market was wracked with turbulence during 1998, as prices fell by one-third on average from 1997 levels. Even without adjusting for inflation, the world oil price in 1998 was the lowest since 1973. The declining oil prices were influenced by an unexpected slowdown in the growth of energy demand worldwide—less than any year since 1990—and by increases in oil supply, particularly in 1997. Although the increase in world oil production in 1998 was smaller than in any year since 1993, efforts to bolster prices by imposing further limits on production were

276

Algal Lipid Extraction and Upgrading to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This technology pathway case investigates the cultivation of algal biomass followed by further lipid extraction and upgrading to hydrocarbon biofuels. Technical barriers and key research needs have been assessed in order for the algal lipid extraction and upgrading pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

277

Scroll compressor modelling for heat pumps using hydrocarbons as refrigerants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Scroll compressor modelling for heat pumps using hydrocarbons as refrigerants Paul BYRNE and to install heat pumps in unoccupied spaces. Nevertheless manufacturers keep working on components for hydrocarbons. In the frame of a research project on heat pumps for simultaneous heating and cooling, an R407C

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Contemplation on the heats of combustion of isomeric hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the Hckel molecular orbital theory, the heats of combustion of isomeric hydrocarbons are related to some topological factors. The standard heats of combustion values of alternant hydrocarbons, expressed as kcal/g, seem to be related to a4 coefficient of their secular polynomials.

Lemi Trker

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Formation mechanism for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in methane flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs up to 788 amu (C64H20) were detected in the combustion gases. Only the most applications including heating systems and gas turbines for electric power generation.62­64 The combustionFormation mechanism for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in methane flames K. Siegmanna) Swiss

Sattler, Klaus

280

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot-scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, R.; Biddy, M.; Tan, E.; Tao, L.; Jones, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot-scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

282

Selective thermal and photooxidation of hydrocarbons in zeolites by oxygen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for selective thermal oxidation or photooxidation of hydrocarbons adsorbed onto zeolite matrices. A highly selective thermal oxidation and photooxidation of unsubstituted or alkyl substituted alkanes, alkenes, aromatics and cycloalkyls in solvent free zeolites under dark thermal conditions or under irradiation with visible light. The process oxidizes hydrocarbons almost completely selectively without substantial production of byproducts. 19 figs.

Frei, H.; Blatter, F.; Sun, H.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

283

High levels of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks Farin Kamangar...exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including known...80 oC) or cold (4 oC) water and two commonly used brands...Infusions were made by adding water to the leaves, steeping for...

Farin Kamangar; Michele Schantz; Christian Abnet; Renato Fagundes; and Sanford Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Total Synthesis of Convex Polyhedral Hydrocarbons The Platonic Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O H H Total Synthesis of Convex Polyhedral Hydrocarbons The Platonic Solids O O t-BuO3C Br O O Br Br Ph PhPh Ph PhPh Ph Ph COOH HOOC Total Synthesis of Convex Polyhedral Hydrocarbons The Five Matter Icosahedron Water · Polyhedron: a closed surface made up of polygonal regions. · Regular

Stoltz, Brian M.

285

Resource descriptions, ontology, and resource discovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resource discovery systems may assist scientists in the selection of bioinformatics resources suitable to implement scientific workflows. In this paper we address several problems related to resource discovery. They include resource publication formats, resource registration, and syntactic vs. semantic discovery. We analyse the BioMoby registry and present an algorithm that curates the BioMoby hierarchy into an ontology for use in semantic-driven resource discovery.

Zoe Lacroix; Maliha Aziz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Microbial Degradation in Soil Microcosms of Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons from Drilling Cuttings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbial Degradation in Soil Microcosms of Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons from Drilling Cuttings ... Relation between Bioavailability and Fuel Oil Hydrocarbon Composition in Contaminated Soils ...

Claude-Henri. ChaIneau; Jean-Louis. Morel; Jean. Oudot

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons affect Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 3 Quantification of Local Ozone Production Attributable to Automobile Hydrocarbon Emissions Summary: -fueled automobiles, most cyclic hydrocarbons are...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons annual Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Quantification of Local Ozone Production Attributable to Automobile Hydrocarbon Emissions Summary: releases about 5 billion kilograms of hydrocarbons...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons implications Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Quantification of Local Ozone Production Attributable to Automobile Hydrocarbon Emissions Summary: -fueled automobiles, most cyclic hydrocarbons are...

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon exposure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 1984, 35, 119-28 Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Waters of Port Phillip Bay... of aromatic hydrocarbons in coastal waters, using solvent extraction and...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon contamination Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: called aromatic hydrocarbons. These include harmful pollutants like dioxins, PCBs and a group called... polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs are...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon receptor Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aromatic hydrocarbons... the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), through which dioxins and dioxin-like compounds cause altered gene... -methylcholanthrene AHH: aryl...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons extracted Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Toxic Contamination Summary: called aromatic hydrocarbons. These include harmful pollutants like dioxins, PCBs and a group called... polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)....

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hydrocarbon is introduced into the ocean via oil spillage, offshore drilling leaks, industrial... hydrocarbons have been attributed to inhibition of ... Source: National...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ydrocarbonDegradation It was hypothesized... aromatic hydrocarbon degradation. Hypothesis Test Result Groundwater stimulates Fe(lll) reduction Cell... Hydrocarbon Degradation At...

296

Chlorinated C$_{1}$ and C$_{2}$ Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the marine environment. | Journal Article | 0 Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Air Pollution analysis Animals Fresh Water Great Britain Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated analysis metabolism Seawater Water Pollution, Chemical analysis The Royal Society...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A generalized viscosity equation for pure heavy hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for the correlation and prediction of the viscosity of pure heavy hydrocarbons listed in API Research Project 42. The 273 heavy hydrocarbons in the database include branched/unbranched paraffins and olefins together with a variety of complex nonfused/fused aromatic and naphthenic compounds. A generalized one-parameter viscosity-temperature equation, log ({mu} + 0.8) = 100(0.01T){sup b}, is proposed (overall AAD {lt} 7-10%) for all heavy hydrocarbons in the database. For each hydrocarbon, an optimum value of parameter b is provided. It is shown that parameter b varies linearly with the logarithm of molar mass as well as the inverse of boiling temperature (at 10 mmHg). This important observation leads to the development of a predictive method for the liquid-phase viscosity of pure heavy hydrocarbons.

Mehrotra, A.K. (Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (CA))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Bioremediation of soil contaminated with hydrocarbons and heavy metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation showed that a soil contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals had sufficient indigenous microbial activity for hydrocarbon biodegradation under nonlimiting conditions. Nutrient supplementation with nitrogen and phosphate, together with aeration, seemed to be the most important factors for enhancing biodegradation. Hydrocarbon biodegradation occurred to a much greater extent under aerobic than under anaerobic conditions. Biodegradation did, however, induce low pH conditions and thus caused high heavy-metal concentrations in the leachate. Anaerobic conditions inhibited hydrocarbon biodegradation with no subsequent drop in pH and low heavy-metal concentrations in the leachate. Thus, anaerobic conditions were shown to facilitate less metal mobility than low pH conditions. Air sparging did not cause a significant increase in biodegradation. Adsorption of heavy-fraction hydrocarbons (> C{sub 20}) to microorganisms and colloidal material in the leachate was suspected of facilitating mobility of these fractions and thus their subsequent detection in the leachate.

Plessis, C.A. du; Phaal, C.B.; Senior, E. [Univ. of Natal, Scottsville (South Africa)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Cogeneration systems and processes for treating hydrocarbon containing formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation includes a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. At least one injection well is located in a first portion of the formation. The injection well provides steam from the steam and electricity cogeneration facility to the first portion of the formation. At least one production well is located in the first portion of the formation. The production well in the first portion produces first hydrocarbons. At least one electrical heater is located in a second portion of the formation. At least one of the electrical heaters is powered by electricity from the steam and electricity cogeneration facility. At least one production well is located in the second portion of the formation. The production well in the second portion produces second hydrocarbons. The steam and electricity cogeneration facility uses the first hydrocarbons and/or the second hydrocarbons to generate electricity.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Fowler, Thomas David (Houston, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Heating hydrocarbon containing formations in a line drive staged process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation are described herein. Methods may include providing heat to a first section of the formation with one or more first heaters in the first section. First hydrocarbons may be heated in the first section such that at least some of the first hydrocarbons are mobilized. At least some of the mobilized first hydrocarbons may be produced through a production well located in a second section of the formation. The second section may be located substantially adjacent to the first section. A portion of the second section may be provided some heat from the mobilized first hydrocarbons, but is not conductively heated by heat from the first heaters. Heat may be provided to the second section with one or more second heaters in the second section to further heat the second section.

Miller, David Scott (Katy, TX)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar April 24, 2014 5:00PM to 6:30PM EDT Current climate change impacts are felt first in our natural world, and the challenges to...

302

Making family planning accessible in resource-poor settings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dynamics and/or health sector reform and decentralization...of the world's health workers and less...prevention, treatment and care programmes. The...resources to other health problems and other...of health sector reform and decentralization...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

SNES 2000: Environmental Sciences Colloquium Water Resource Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SNES 2000: Environmental Sciences Colloquium Fall 2011 Water Resource Management Friday afternoons for first speaker September 9 The world water savings bank Mike Walter, Biological and Environmental, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University October 7 OPEN October 14 Water Quality

Keinan, Alon

304

ResourceResource AdequacyAdequacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources (diesel generators, etc.) Standby Resources Type 2 Buyback provisions on load Modeled in Post Review final assessment Council Power Review final Power Council Approval 7 #12;

305

Dominant Middle East oil reserves critically important to world supply  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that the location production, and transportation of the 60 million bbl of oil consumed in the world each day is of vital importance to relations between nations, as well as to their economic wellbeing. Oil has frequently been a decisive factor in the determination of foreign policy. The war in the Persian Gulf, while a dramatic example of the critical importance of oil, is just the latest of a long line of oil-influenced diplomatic/military incidents, which may be expected to continue. Assuming that the world's remaining oil was evenly distributed and demand did not grow, if exploration and development proceeded as efficiently as they have in the U.S., world oil production could be sustained at around current levels to about the middle of the next century. It then would begin a long decline in response to a depleting resource base. However, the world's remaining oil is very unevenly distributed. It is located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, mostly in the Persian Gulf, and much is controlled by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Scientific resource assessments indicate that about half of the world's remaining conventionally recoverable crude oil resource occurs in the Persian Gulf area. In terms of proved reserves (known recoverable oil), the Persian Gulf portion increase to almost two-thirds.

Riva, J.P. Jr. (Library of Congress, Washington, DC (United States). Congressional Research Service)

1991-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

306

Resources to reserves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The resource bases and resources of the various energy forms of natural resources have been discussed. It is now opportune to consider the transformation of resources to reserves. This is effected by explorati...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Thermodynamics of resource recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of resource recycling ... The author applies principles of thermodynamics to analyze the efficiency of resource recycling. ...

W. B. Hauserman

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research on Methane Hydrates - the Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource August 31, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Energy Department today announced the selection of 14 new research projects across 11 states that will be a part of an expanding portfolio of projects designed to increase our understanding of methane hydrates' potential as a future energy supply. Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside, and are found both onshore and offshore - including under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today's projects build on the completion of a successful, unprecedented test

309

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource August 31, 2012 - 1:20pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Energy Department today announced the selection of 14 new research projects across 11 states that will be a part of an expanding portfolio of projects designed to increase our understanding of methane hydrates' potential as a future energy supply. Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside, and are found both onshore and offshore - including under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world.

310

Process for steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is provided for the steam reforming of normally liquid hydrocarbons to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which does not promote the deposition of carbonacious materials upon catalytic surfaces. The catalyst consists of nickel promoted with the oxides of iron and manganese within a specific manganese to iron ratio, said metal and metal oxides being supported upon a refractory support. The support is preferably aluminum oxide in its alpha phase having a surface area of more than 0.5 m2/gm but no more than 10 m2/gm. The metallic constituents are impregnated onto said refractory low surface area support as salts and are calcined at sufficiently high temperature to convert the salts to the oxide but at a sufficiently low temperature that they do not chemically react with the support.

Broughton, D.R.; Russ, K.J.

1980-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

Method and apparatus for detecting halogenated hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A halogenated hydrocarbon (HHC) detector is formed from a silent discharge (also called a dielectric barrier discharge) plasma generator. A silent discharge plasma device receives a gas sample that may contain one or more HHCs and produces free radicals and excited electrons for oxidizing the HHCs in the gas sample to produce water, carbon dioxide, and an acid including halogens in the HHCs. A detector is used to sensitively detect the presence of the acid. A conductivity cell detector combines the oxidation products with a solvent where dissociation of the acid increases the conductivity of the solvent. The conductivity cell output signal is then functionally related to the presence of HHCs in the gas sample. Other detectors include electrochemical cells, infrared spectrometers, and negative ion mobility spectrometers.

Monagle, Matthew (Los Alamos, NM); Coogan, John J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

WATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy are inextricably bound. Energy is consumed and sometimes produced by every form of water resourcesWATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, water resources professionals squarely faced the fact that water

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

313

Hydrocarbon concentrations at the Alpine mountain sites Jungfraujoch and Arosa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile hydrocarbons have been measured for 1yr at Arosa (2010m asl) to determine the contribution of European emissions to the trace gas concentrations at this remote site. Results are compared to concurrent hydrocarbon concentrations at the high Alpine background site Jungfraujoch (3580m asl). Hydrocarbon concentrations at Arosa are generally much higher than at Jungfraujoch. The influence of the Alpine boundary layer air was studied based on the diurnal variation of hydrocarbon concentrations, i.e. rising pollutant concentrations in the morning at Arosa and in the afternoon at Jungfraujoch. Different hydrocarbon emission sources of the uplifting air were found at the two sites. At Jungfraujoch, several transatlantic events were detected from October 2001 to January 2002 based on analysis of hydrocarbon ratios and air parcel trajectories. The OH concentration during the transatlantic transport was estimated to be around 5105cm?3, derived from simultaneous hydrocarbon oxidation and dilution in the free troposphere. These transatlantic transport events were tracked back to warm conveyor belts, characterized by uniform dynamics and relatively uniform surface sources. In addition, ozone production in the free tropospheric transport was also documented in these events.

Yingshi Li; Mike Campana; Stefan Reimann; Daniel Schaub; Konrad Stemmler; Johannes Staehelin; Thomas Peter

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

GEAR Tech-21 Hello World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEAR Tech-21 Hello World Throughout the activity, look for and record the definitions - Important Terms #12;GEAR Tech-21 Hello World Share what you did! What did you learn? Process what

Farritor, Shane

315

Our World Argonne's  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

At Argonne National Laboratory, we passionately pursue At Argonne National Laboratory, we passionately pursue energy-efficient technologies and renewable energy innovations that contribute to a better, cleaner future for all. Energy to Renew Our World Argonne's Research in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy As we begin our journey into the 21st century, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory continues to make significant contributions to the nation's health and well being by delivering achievements in energy technology development and deployment. We are working toward technological

316

Online Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Information General Information Acronyms of High-Energy Physics - (from Fermilab) A Bedtime Primer on Physics - Whimsical approach to particle physics, with links for cildren and adults alike. (from Jefferson Lab) European Particle Physics Outreach Group from CERN Inquiring Minds - General information about particle physics (from Fermilab) Lists of Links: High-Energy Physics Information Center - (from DOE, hosted at Fermilab) Particle Physics - (from the American Physical Society) Particle Physics Education Sites - (from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The Particle Adventure - A simple, thorough explanation of the world of particle physics. If you haven't yet gone through this Website, get to it! Particle Detector BriefBook - Encyclopedic form of words associated with

317

United States: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States: Energy Resources United States: Energy Resources (Redirected from USA) Jump to: navigation, search Click on a state to view that state's page. Country Profile Name United States Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 99.53 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code US 3-letter ISO code USA Numeric ISO code 840 UN Region[1] Northern America OpenEI Resources Energy Maps 1143 view Tools 94 view Programs 25 view Energy Organizations 8947 view Research Institutions 128 view References CIA World Factbook, Appendix D[2] Energy Resources Resource Value Units Rank Period Source Wind Potential 2,237,435 Area(km²) Class 3-7 Wind at 50m 3 1990 NREL Solar Potential 24,557,081,451 MWh/year 6 2008 NREL Coal Reserves 260,551.00 Million Short Tons 1 2008 EIA

318

Workplan and Annex: Solar Resource Knowledge Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

''Solar Resource Knowledge Management'' will be a new task under the International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling Programme. The task development has involved researchers from Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Canada, the U.S. that have been engaged in the use of satellite imagery to develop solar resource maps and datasets around the world. The task will address three major areas: (1) ''Benchmarking'' of satellite-based solar resource methods so that resource information derived from approaches developed in one country or based on a specific satellite can be quantitatively intercompared with methods from other countries using different satellites, as well as with ground data; (2) Data archiving and dissemination procedures, especially focusing on access to the data by end users; and (3) basic R&D for improving the reliability and usability of the data, and for examining new types of products important to the solar industry, such as solar resource forecasts.

Renne, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

United States: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States: Energy Resources United States: Energy Resources (Redirected from United States of America) Jump to: navigation, search Click on a state to view that state's page. Country Profile Name United States Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 99.53 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code US 3-letter ISO code USA Numeric ISO code 840 UN Region[1] Northern America OpenEI Resources Energy Maps 1143 view Tools 94 view Programs 25 view Energy Organizations 8947 view Research Institutions 128 view References CIA World Factbook, Appendix D[2] Energy Resources Resource Value Units Rank Period Source Wind Potential 2,237,435 Area(km²) Class 3-7 Wind at 50m 3 1990 NREL Solar Potential 24,557,081,451 MWh/year 6 2008 NREL Coal Reserves 260,551.00 Million Short Tons 1 2008 EIA

320

Ris in brief Bioproduction for better resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of crops and to exploit plants for the production of specific products · To optimise future plants in the agricultural sector, improved utilisation of the world's finite resources and an environmentally sound energy production. Methods are developed for mapping gene products in plants from gene to function with a view

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

International Energy Outlook 2000 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The crude oil market rebounded dramatically in 1999. Prices rose from the low monthly average of $9.39 per barrel (nominal U.S. dollars) in December 1998 to $24.44 in December 1999, an increase of almost $15 a barrel. Prices were influenced by the successful adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) as well as several non-OPEC countries, notably, Mexico and Norway. In addition, the price decline in 1998 significantly dampened the annual

322

GEAR Tech-21 Hello World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEAR Tech-21 Hello World 1 Established Goals Activity Outline Activity Timeline Equipment Needs and predictions that are based on data. At a Glance #12;GEAR Tech-21 Hello World 2 Key Knowledge and Skills;GEAR Tech-21 Hello World 3 Before the Session You must complete this activity before working with your

Farritor, Shane

323

Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Related  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Related Emission Requirements (Ohio) Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Related Emission Requirements (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter defining the roles of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency gives specific detail on the regulation point-source air pollution for a variety of industries and pollutants.

324

Method for making hydrogen rich gas from hydrocarbon fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a hydrogen rich gas from a source of hydrocarbon fuel in which the hydrocarbon fuel contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion at a temperature not less than about 400 C for a time sufficient to generate the hydrogen rich gas while maintaining CO content less than about 5 volume percent. There is also disclosed a method of forming partially oxidized hydrocarbons from ethanes in which ethane gas contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form an oxide. 4 figs.

Krumpelt, M.; Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Doshi, R.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

325

Method for making hydrogen rich gas from hydrocarbon fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a hydrogen rich gas from a source of hydrocarbon fuel in which the hydrocarbon fuel contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion at a temperature not less than about 400.degree. C. for a time sufficient to generate the hydrogen rich gas while maintaining CO content less than about 5 volume percent. There is also disclosed a method of forming partially oxidized hydrocarbons from ethanes in which ethane gas contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form an oxide.

Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Doshi, Rajiv (Downers Grove, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon emission Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emission Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aromatic hydrocarbon emission...

327

Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue

Dennis, J A

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Uranium 2014 resources, production and demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Published every other year, Uranium Resources, Production, and Demand, or the "Red Book" as it is commonly known, is jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency. It is the recognised world reference on uranium and is based on official information received from 43 countries. It presents the results of a thorough review of world uranium supplies and demand and provides a statistical profile of the world uranium industry in the areas of exploration, resource estimates, production and reactor-related requirements. It provides substantial new information from all major uranium production centres in Africa, Australia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and North America. Long-term projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related uranium requirements are provided as well as a discussion of long-term uranium supply and demand issues. This edition focuses on recent price and production increases that could signal major changes in the industry.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

International Energy Outlook - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2004 World Oil Markets In the IEO2004 forecast, OPEC export volumes are expected to more than double while non-OPEC suppliers maintain their edge over OPEC in overall production. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2025 as the oil resource base is further developed. Throughout most of 2003, crude oil prices remained near the top of the range preferred by producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), $22 to $28 per barrel for the OPEC “basket price.” OPEC producers continued to demonstrate disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production. Throughout 2003, the upward turn in crude oil prices was brought about by a combination of three factors. First, a general strike against the Chavez regime resulted in a sudden loss of much of Venezuela’s oil exports. Although the other OPEC producers agreed to increase their production capacities to make up for the lost Venezuelan output, the obvious strain on worldwide spare capacity kept prices high. Second, price volatility was exacerbated by internal conflict in Nigeria. Third, prospects for a return to normalcy in the Iraqi oil sector remained uncertain as residual post-war turmoil continued in Iraq.

330

Ecological Resources and Systems | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ecological Resources and Systems Ecological Resources and Systems Argonne develops and applies innovative approaches and tools to integrate environmental compliance and environmental performance into an organization's structure in a cost-effective manner. Argonne knows that our world exists in a delicate balance with technology. Our research focuses on measuring advanced energy and technology's effects on the world's ecological systems, creating preventive strategies to protect the Earth from harm and inventing new ways to preserve green resources for all. Highlights Kayakers and boats traverse the branch of the Chicago River in the downtown area. Every river contains a population of microbes; scientists at Argonne are partnering with the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District to map how the River's inhabitants change over the months and years. Click to enlarge.

331

Separation of toxic metal ions, hydrophilic hydrocarbons, hydrophobic fuel and halogenated hydrocarbons and recovery of ethanol from a process stream  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a process to tremendously reduce the bulk volume of contaminants obtained from an effluent stream produced subsurface remediation. The chemicals used for the subsurface remediation are reclaimed for recycling to the remediation process. Additional reductions in contaminant bulk volume are achieved by the ultra-violet light destruction of halogenated hydrocarbons, and the complete oxidation of hydrophobic fuel hydrocarbons and hydrophilic hydrocarbons. The contaminated bulk volume will arise primarily from the disposal of the toxic metal ions. The entire process is modular, so if there are any technological breakthroughs in one or more of the component process modules, such modules can be readily replaced.

Kansa, Edward J. (Livermore, CA); Anderson, Brian L. (Lodi, CA); Wijesinghe, Ananda M. (Tracy, CA); Viani, Brian E. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Visualization of World Energy Supply | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Visualization of World Energy Supply Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Visualization of World Energy Supply Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Sector: Energy Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: en.openei.org/wiki/Visualization_of_World_Energy_Supply Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Community Generated Language: English References: OECD[1] Motion chart visualization of the world energy supply from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The default view shows how much percent of energy produced is renewable energy and how much total energy is produced by each country.

333

Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World Agency/Company /Organization: Neville Williams Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Other Website: www.amazon.com/Chasing-Sun-Solar-Adventures-Around/dp/0865715378/ref=s Cost: Paid A story of dreamers and doers who succeeded in their mission to make the world better by delivering nature's energy to poor people and by building organizations to put the sun at their service in practical, affordable, and effective ways. A green energy development narrative that is fun and eye-opening, the book is also part autobiography.

334

Department of Energy Finalizes Loan Guarantee to Support World's Largest  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Support World's to Support World's Largest Wind Project Department of Energy Finalizes Loan Guarantee to Support World's Largest Wind Project December 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that a partial loan guarantee for a $1.3 billion loan has been finalized to support the world's largest wind farm. The loan will finance the Caithness Shepherds Flat project, an 845-megawatt wind generation facility located in eastern Oregon sponsored by Caithness Energy, LLC and GE Energy Financial Services. "Renewable energy investments like these are creating jobs while helping to maintain America's global competitiveness in the clean energy economy," said Secretary Chu. "By leveraging our nation's vast natural resources,

335

Analysis of major risks associated with hydrocarbon storage caverns in bedded salt rock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salt rock is internationally accepted as an ideal medium for energy storage. As an energy storage structure, the safety of hydrocarbon storage caverns in salt rock is related to the national economy and to social public security. Risk analysis is an important method of engineering safety evaluation. In this paper the major risks associated with hydrocarbon storage caverns in bedded salt rock are defined. The major risks are classified under the headings of oil and gas leakage, ground subsidence, and cavern failure, and are discussed under these topical titles. The factors leading to the major risks associated with storage caverns are identified by reviewing descriptions of major accidents of salt storage caverns around the world. Fault tree models for the three major risks are established and analyzed. Basic paths of the risk and their occurrence probability ranking are derived. The risk factors which contribute greatly to the risk are identified by calculating the importance degree of all the basic events. Finally, a comprehensive evaluation methodology for major risk loss is generated based on the analytic hierarchy process. This provides a theoretical foundation for the evaluation and prevention of major risks in the construction and operation of storage caverns in bedded salt rock.

Chunhe Yang; Wenjun Jing; J.J.K. Daemen; Guimin Zhang; Chao Du

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Underground storage of natural gas, liquid hydrocarbons, and carbon dioxide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

storage of natural gas, liquid hydrocarbons, and carbon storage of natural gas, liquid hydrocarbons, and carbon dioxide (Louisiana) Underground storage of natural gas, liquid hydrocarbons, and carbon dioxide (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality regulates the underground storage of natural gas or liquid hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide. Prior to the use of any underground reservoir for the storage of natural gas and prior to the exercise of eminent domain by any person, firm, or corporation having such right under laws of the state of Louisiana, the commissioner, shall have found all of the following:

337

Determination of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) Using Total Carbon Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several methods have been proposed to replace the Freon(TM)-extraction method to determine total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content. For reasons of cost, sensitivity, precision, or simplicity, none of the replacement methods are feasible for analysis of radioactive samples at our facility. We have developed a method to measure total petroleum hydrocarbon content in aqueous sample matrixes using total organic carbon (total carbon) determination. The total carbon content (TC1) of the sample is measured using a total organic carbon analyzer. The sample is then contacted with a small volume of non-pokar solvent to extract the total petroleum hydrocarbons. The total carbon content of the resultant aqueous phase of the extracted sample (TC2) is measured. Total petroleum hydrocarbon content is calculated (TPH = TC1-TC2). The resultant data are consistent with results obtained using Freon(TM) extraction followed by infrared absorbance.

Ekechukwu, A.A.

2002-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Temporary Anion States of Polyatomic Hydrocarbons KENNETH D. JORDAN'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporary Anion States of Polyatomic Hydrocarbons KENNETH D. JORDAN' OSpemnenr Of C%sITIkby. M k I. A biographyand photograph of Kenneth D. Jordan appear In previous paper in this issue. far outweighsthat

Simons, Jack

339

Biodegradability of select polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (pah) mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmentally significant because of their ubiquity and the toxicity of some. Their recalcitrance and persistence makes them problematic environmental contaminants. Microbial degradation is considered...

Desai, Anuradha M.

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

Experiments on Hydrocarbon Gas Hydrates in Unconsolidated Sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments were carried out to observe the formation and decomposition of hydrocarbon gas hydrates in an unconsolidated sand pack 4.4 cm in diameter and ... 43 bars and 5 to 10C; gas used was 90% methane and 10...

P. E. Baker

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Filtration Combustion in Hydrocarbon Desorption from a Porous Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated theoretically and experimentally the process of filtration combustion with hydrocarbon desorption from a porous skeleton realized, in particular, in heat cleaning of porous media out of resid...

S. I. Fut'ko; K. V. Dobrego; E. S. Shmelev

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Fireball during combustion of hydrocarbon fueld releases II. Thermal radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The processes of radiative heat transfer in a fireball which develops upon ignition of a cloud of hydrocarbon fuel near the Earths surface are simulated numerically. The emissive characteristics of combustion pr...

G. M. Makhviladze; J. P. Roberts; S. E. Yakush

343

Mathematical modeling of solid oxide fuel cells using hydrocarbon fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are high efficiency conversion devices that use hydrogen or light hydrocarbon (HC) fuels in stationary applications to produce quiet and clean power. While successful, HC-fueled SOFCs face ...

Lee, Won Yong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Effect of the Composition of Hydrocarbon Streams on HCCI Performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of hydrocarbon samples and can be treated as compositional variables which could describe bulk properties of the samples Sample fingerprint STEP 1: Data receiving Q(2d)RPR How...

345

Hydrocarbon pollution control and remediation of groundwater: a brief review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...oil-contaminated sediments. There are two main remediation techniques: soil washing and bio- remediation. With soil washing, contaminated soil is leached with water containing a surfactant to assist in hydrocarbon removal. In situ washing is undertaken...

L. Clark

346

THE HEATS OF COMBUSTION OF AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND HEXAMETHYLENE.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THE HEATS OF COMBUSTION OF AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND HEXAMETHYLENE. ... Citation data is made available by participants in CrossRef's Cited-by Linking service. ... Experimental methods included adiabatic heat-capacity calorimetry (5 K to 420 K), comparative ... ...

Theodore W. Richards; Frederick Barry

1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Measurements of dissolved nonmethane hydrocarbons in sea water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An automated stripping technique for the measurement of dissolved hydrocarbons in sea water is presented together with some results obtained ... cruise from Europe to Brazil. The sea water concentrations of NMHC ...

C. Plass; R. Koppmann; J. Rudolph

348

Hygienic rating of hydrocarbons in bottom deposits of water ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors of this article draw the readers attention to the topical problem of the contamination of bottom deposits of water ecosystems by hydrocarbons, such as oil and gas condensate,...

Rauf Valievich Galiulin

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Creepy World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the mechanics of creep in material sciences as a metaphor, we present a general framework to understand the evolution of financial, economic and social systems and to construct scenarios for the future. In a nutshell, highly non-linear out-of-equilibrium systems subjected to exogenous perturbations tend to exhibit a long phase of slow apparent stable evolution, which are nothing but slow maturations towards instabilities, failures and changes of regimes. With examples from history where a small event had a cataclysmic consequence, we propose a novel view of the current state of the world via the logical scenarios that derive, avoiding the traps of an illusionary stability and simple linear extrapolation. The endogenous scenarios are "muddling along", "managing through" and "blood red abyss". The exogenous scenarios are "painful adjustment" and "golden east".

Sornette, Didier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

World nuclear outlook 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2015 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for two different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.

NONE

1995-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

Building Technologies Office: Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources to someone by Resources to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Resources on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Resources on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Resources on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Resources on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Partner Log In Become a Partner Criteria Partner Locator Resources Housing Innovation Awards Events Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes

352

Cooling and solidification of heavy hydrocarbon liquid streams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for cooling and solidifying a stream of heavy hydrocarbon material normally boiling above about 850.degree. F., such as vacuum bottoms material from a coal liquefaction process. The hydrocarbon stream is dropped into a liquid bath, preferably water, which contains a screw conveyor device and the stream is rapidly cooled, solidified and broken therein to form discrete elongated particles. The solid extrudates or prills are then dried separately to remove substantially all surface moisture, and passed to further usage.

Antieri, Salvatore J. (Trenton, NJ); Comolli, Alfred G. (Yardley, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Conversion of methane and acetylene into gasoline range hydrocarbons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONVERSION OF METHANE AND ACETYLENE INTO GASOLINE RANGE HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by AMMAR ALKHAWALDEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2000 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CONVERSION OF METHANE AND ACETYLENE INTO GASOLINE RANGE HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by AMMAR ALKHAWALDEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Alkhawaldeh, Ammar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

354

THE NASA AMES POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC DATABASE: THE COMPUTED SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The astronomical emission features, formerly known as the unidentified infrared bands, are now commonly ascribed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The laboratory experiments and computational modeling done at the NASA Ames Research Center to create a collection of PAH IR spectra relevant to test and refine the PAH hypothesis have been assembled into a spectroscopic database. This database now contains over 800 PAH spectra spanning 2-2000 {mu}m (5000-5 cm{sup -1}). These data are now available on the World Wide Web at www.astrochem.org/pahdb. This paper presents an overview of the computational spectra in the database and the tools developed to analyze and interpret astronomical spectra using the database. A description of the online and offline user tools available on the Web site is also presented.

Bauschlicher, C. W.; Ricca, A. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS 230-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Boersma, C.; Mattioda, A. L.; Cami, J.; Peeters, E.; Allamandola, L. J. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS 245-6, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Sanchez de Armas, F.; Puerta Saborido, G. [SETI Institute, 515 N. Whisman Road, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Hudgins, D. M., E-mail: Charles.W.Bauschlicher@nasa.go [NASA Headquarters, MS 3Y28, 300 E St. SW, Washington, DC 20546 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Low severity hydrocarbon steam reforming process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for producing ammonia which comprises: (a) primary catalytically reforming at super atmospheric pressure in a direct-fired primary reforming zone, a hydrocarbon feedstock with steam to produce a gas containing carbon oxides, hydrogen and methane; (b) secondary catalytically reforming the gas from step (a) by introducing air and bringing the mixture towards equilibrium thereby producing a secondary reformer effluent gas containing nitrogen, carbon oxides, hydrogen and a decreased quantity of methane; (c) converting carbon monoxide catalytically with steam to carbon dioxide and hydrogen; (d) removing carbon oxides to give an ammonia synthesis gas comprising nitrogen and hydrogen and compressing the gas to ammonia synthesis pressure; (e) reacting the synthesis gas in an ammonia synthesis zone to produce ammonia and recovering ammonia from the reacted gas to produce an ammonia-depleted gas stream; (f) recycling at least a portion of the ammonia-depleted gas stream to the ammonia synthesis zone; and (g) treating a sidestream of the ammonia-depleted gas to separate a stream enriched in hydrogen and an inerts-enriched gas stream, and returning the enriched hydrogen stream to the ammonia synthesis zone.

Osman, R.M.; Byington, R.G.

1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

356

Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emission of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed as U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) priority pollutants from major sources in China were compiled. Geographical distribution and temporal change of the PAH emission, as well as emission profiles, are discussed. It was estimated that the total PAH emission in China was 25,300 tons in 2003. The emission profile featured a relatively higher portion of high molecular weight (HMW) species with carcinogenic potential due to large contributions of domestic coal and coking industry. Among various sources, biomass burning, domestic coal combustion, and the coking industry contributed 60%, 20%, and 16% of the total emission, respectively. Total emission, emission density, emission intensity, and emission per capita showed geographical variations. In general, the southeastern provinces were characterized by higher emission density, while those in western and northern China featured higher emission intensity and population-normalized emission. Although energy consumption in China went up continuously during the past two decades, annual emission of PAHs fluctuated depending on the amount of domestic coal consumption, coke production, and the efficiency of energy utilization. 47 refs., 6 figs.

Shanshan Xu; Wenxin Liu; Shu Tao [Peking University, Beijing (China). Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Environmental Sciences

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Rock types, pore types, and hydrocarbon exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proposed exploration-oriented method of classifying porosity in sedimentary rocks is based on microscopic examination cores or cuttings. Factors include geometry, size, abundance, and connectivity of the pores. The porosity classification is predictive of key petrophysical characteristics: porosity-permeability relationships, capillary pressures, and (less certainly) relative permeabilities. For instance, intercrystalline macroporosity typically is associated with high permeability for a given porosity, low capillarity, and favorable relative permeabilities. This is found to be true whether this porosity type occurs in a sucrosic dolomite or in a sandstone with pervasive quartz overgrowths. This predictive method was applied in three Rocky Mountain oil plays. Subtle pore throat traps could be recognized in the J sandstone (Cretaceous) in the Denver basin of Colorado by means of porosity permeability plotting. Variations in hydrocarbon productivity from a Teapot Formation (Cretaceous) field in the Powder River basin of Wyoming were related to porosity types and microfacies; the relationships were applied to exploration. Rock and porosity typing in the Red River Formation (Ordovician) reconciled apparent inconsistencies between drill-stem test, log, and mud-log data from a Williston basin wildcat. The well was reevaluated and completed successfully, resulting in a new field discovery. In each of these three examples, petrophysics was fundamental for proper evaluation of wildcat wells and exploration plays.

Coalson, E.B.; Hartmann, D.J.; Thomas, J.B.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A preliminary evaluation model for reservoir hydrocarbon-generating potential established based on dissolved hydrocarbons in oilfield water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large number of oilfield water samples were analyzed in this work. Research ... relationship between the concentrations and distribution of dissolved hydrocarbons suggested that the contents and composition of ...

Hongjing Zhao; Weilin Sun; Baotian He; Bowen Mei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

NREL: Renewable Resource Data Center - Biomass Resource Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data The following biomass resource data collections can be found in the Renewable Resource Data Center (RReDC). Current Biomass Resource Supply An estimate of biomass resources...

360

Clean Cities: Information Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Clean Cities: Information Resources to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Information Resources on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Information Resources on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Information Resources on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Information Resources on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Information Resources on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Information Resources on AddThis.com... Publications Technical Assistance Information Resources Learn about Clean Cities by exploring these information resources. Publications View Clean Cities-branded publications or search for publications about alternative fuels and vehicles. Technical Assistance Learn about technical assistance available to help organizations overcome

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Validating agent based models through virtual worlds.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the US continues its vigilance against distributed, embedded threats, understanding the political and social structure of these groups becomes paramount for predicting and dis- rupting their attacks. Agent-based models (ABMs) serve as a powerful tool to study these groups. While the popularity of social network tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) has provided extensive communication data, there is a lack of ne-grained behavioral data with which to inform and validate existing ABMs. Virtual worlds, in particular massively multiplayer online games (MMOG), where large numbers of people interact within a complex environ- ment for long periods of time provide an alternative source of data. These environments provide a rich social environment where players engage in a variety of activities observed between real-world groups: collaborating and/or competing with other groups, conducting battles for scarce resources, and trading in a market economy. Strategies employed by player groups surprisingly re ect those seen in present-day con icts, where players use diplomacy or espionage as their means for accomplishing their goals. In this project, we propose to address the need for ne-grained behavioral data by acquiring and analyzing game data a commercial MMOG, referred to within this report as Game X. The goals of this research were: (1) devising toolsets for analyzing virtual world data to better inform the rules that govern a social ABM and (2) exploring how virtual worlds could serve as a source of data to validate ABMs established for analogous real-world phenomena. During this research, we studied certain patterns of group behavior to compliment social modeling e orts where a signi cant lack of detailed examples of observed phenomena exists. This report outlines our work examining group behaviors that underly what we have termed the Expression-To-Action (E2A) problem: determining the changes in social contact that lead individuals/groups to engage in a particular behavior. Results from our work indicate that virtual worlds have the potential for serving as a proxy in allocating and populating behaviors that would be used within further agent-based modeling studies.

Lakkaraju, Kiran; Whetzel, Jonathan H.; Lee, Jina [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA] [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Bier, Asmeret Brooke; Cardona-Rivera, Rogelio E. [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC] [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC; Bernstein, Jeremy Ray Rhythm [Gaikai, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA] [Gaikai, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Political risks of hydrocarbon deposit development in the Arctic seas of the Russian Federation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays the process of Arctic development has a long-term international cooperation character. Economic and geopolitical interests of both arctic and non-arctic countries meet in the region. Apart from resource development issues, there are problems concerning security, sustainable development and some others issues conditioned by climate and geographical characteristics of the region. Strategic analysis of political risks for the Russian Federation is carried out. The analysis reveals that political risks of hydrocarbon deposits development in the RF arctic seas appear as lack of coordination with arctic countries in solving key regional problems, failure to follow international agreements. Such inconsistency may lead to political risks, which results in strained situation in the region.

Y A Bolsunovskaya; G Yu Boyarko; L M Bolsunovskaya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Monetization of Nigeria coal by conversion to hydrocarbon fuels through Fischer-Tropsch process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given the instability of crude oil prices and the disruptions in crude oil supply chains, this article offers a complementing investment proposal through diversification of Nigeria's energy source and dependence. Therefore, the following issues were examined and reported: A comparative survey of coal and hydrocarbon reserve bases in Nigeria was undertaken and presented. An excursion into the economic, environmental, and technological justifications for the proposed diversification and roll-back to coal-based resource was also undertaken and presented. The technology available for coal beneficiation for environmental pollution control was reviewed and reported. The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and its advances into Sasol's slurry phase distillate process were reviewed. Specifically, the adoption of Sasol's advanced synthol process and the slurry phase distillate process were recommended as ways of processing the products of coal gasification. The article concludes by discussing all the above-mentioned issues with regard to value addition as a means of wealth creation and investment.

Oguejiofor, G.C. [Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (Nigeria). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Information Resources - EERE Commercialization Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Resources Site Map Printable Version Share this resource National Laboratories Information Resources Here you will find various informational resources related to the...

365

the World Wide Web  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

technical report has been made technical report has been made electronically available on the World Wide Web through a contribution from Walter L. Warnick In honor of Enrico Fermi Leader of the first nuclear reactor, Nobel Prize winner, and visionary technologist Dr. Warnick is delighted to be the first sponsor for posting a Department of Energy technical report and making it broadly available Office of Scientific and Technical Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy September 2008 osti.gov U N I T E D S T A T E S A T O M I C E N E R G Y C O M M I S S I O N AECD-3269 EXPERIMENTAL PRODUCTION OF A DNERGENT CHAIN REACTION BY E. Fermi January 4, 1952 [TIS Issuance ate] [chicago University] - T e c h n i c a l I n f o r m a t i o n S e r v i c e , O a k Ridge, T e n n e s s e e r ABSTRACTS Description of the construction and operation of the chain

366

Building a World of Difference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Waste?to?Energy Roadmapping Workshop Building a World of Difference Presentation by Patricia Scanlan, Director of Residuals Treatment Technologies, Black & Veatch

367

Resources | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Machine Control Center Display Jefferson Lab's accelerator is operated from the Machine Control Center. The MCC features a full-wall display that allows...

368

Ombuds Self Help Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Self Help Resources Ombuds Self Help Resources Committed to the fair and equitable treatment of all employees, contractors, and persons doing business with the Laboratory. Contact...

369

Resources | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Filter by Audience Filter by Resource Type Solar Powering America supports solar energy use for a variety of stakeholders in the United States. Here you will find resources...

370

Kidney cancer and hydrocarbon exposures among petroleum refinery workers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To evaluate the hypothesis of increased kidney cancer risk after exposure to hydrocarbons, especially those present in gasoline, we conducted a case-control study in a cohort of approximately 100,000 male refinery workers from five petroleum companies. A review of 18,323 death certificates identified 102 kidney cancer cases, to each of whom four controls were matched by refinery location and decade of birth. Work histories, containing an average of 15.7 job assignments per subject, were found for 98% of the cases and 94% of the controls. Tb each job, industrial hygienists assigned semiquantitative ratings for the intensity and frequency of exposures to three hydrocarbon categories: nonaromatic liquid gasoline distillates, aromatic hydrocarbons, and the more volatile hydrocarbons. Ratings of {open_quotes}present{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}absent{close_quotes} were assigned for seven additional exposures: higher boiling hydrocarbons, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, asbestos, chlorinated solvents, ionizing radiation, and lead. Each exposure had either no association or a weak association with kidney cancer. For the hydrocarbon category of principal a priori interest, the nonaromatic liquid gasoline distillates, the estimated relative risk (RR) for any exposure above refinery background was 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5-1.9). Analyses of cumulative exposures and of exposures in varying time periods before kidney cancer occurrence also produced null or near-null results. In an analysis of the longest job held by each subject (average duration 9.2 years or 40% of the refiner&y work history), three groups appeared to be at increased risk: laborers (RR = 1.9,95% CI 1.0-3.9); workers in receipt, storage, and movements (RR = 2.5,95% CI 0.9-6.6); and unit cleaners (RR = 2.3, 95% CI 0.5-9.9). 53 refs., 7 tabs.

Poole, C.; Dreyer, N.A.; Satterfield, M.H. [Epidemiology Resources Inc., Newton Lower Falls, MA (United States); Levin, L. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

External Leadership Resources | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

External Leadership Resources External Leadership Resources External Leadership Resources Here we provide specific links to resources, including training, guidance, blogs, newsletters, etc., for leadership development. Brainpickings - Brain Pickings is a human-powered discovery engine for interestingness, a subjective lens on what matters in the world and why, bringing you things you didn't know you were interested in - until are you. Department of Commerce- DOC has developed a succession strategy to: 1) Implement a leadership succession pipeline that links to the Department's mission critical occupations; 2) Manage a graduated series of competitive programs that identifies, selects and develops emerging leaders in engaging learning experiences; 3) Create a continuous learning environment that builds skills and enhances competencies throughtout the

372

World Bank eAtlas of Global Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank eAtlas of Global Development World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.app.collinsindicate.com/worldbankatlas-global/en World Bank eAtlas of Global Development Screenshot References: World Bank eAtlas of Global Development[1] "This eAtlas, a new online companion to Atlas of Global Development, third edition, builds on the Atlas topics, allowing you to visualize and analyze a wider variety of data in greater depth, over a longer time period. You can: Map more than 175 World Bank indicators worldwide

373

China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE October 14, 2008 China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance Oak Ridge, TN - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) today announced that the People's Republic of China has joined the WorldWideScience Alliance-the multilateral governance structure for the global science gateway, WorldWideScience.org. WorldWideScience.org is intended to accelerate international scientific progress by serving as a single, sophisticated point of access for diverse scientific resources and expertise from nations around the world. The addition of China is a notable milestone, as it is a major global contributor to scientific knowledge.

374

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar and Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy James A. Slutz are in Madrid, Spain this week to participate in the 19th World Petroleum Congress-a global forum held every three years by the World Petroleum Council to address resource potential, infrastructure, the regulatory framework and other key issues related to the future of petroleum development. Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress,

375

NREL: Concentrating Solar Power Research - Data and Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data and Resources Data and Resources For concentrating solar power technologies, NREL features the following online solar radiation resource data and solar resource maps, as well as data for renewable energy power plants. Also see TroughNet's data and resources specifically for parabolic trough technology. Concentrating Solar Power Projects around the World NREL, in conjunction with SolarPACES (Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems), maintains a database of CSP projects around the world with plants that are either operational, under construction, or under development. CSP technologies include parabolic trough, linear Fresnel reflector, power tower, and dish/engine systems. Each project profile includes background information, a listing of project participants, and data on the power-plant

376

Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

377

Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests: A Review and Summary  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests: A Review and Summary Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests: A Review and Summary of Remote Sensing Technical Capability, 2009-2015 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests: A Review and Summary of Remote Sensing Technical Capability, 2009-2015 Agency/Company /Organization: Resources for the Future Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: www.rff.org/RFF/Documents/RFF-Rpt-Measurement%20and%20Monitoring_Final Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests: A Review and Summary of Remote Sensing Technical Capability, 2009-2015 Screenshot References: Measurement and Monitoring of the World's Forests[1] Summary "This report is part of a series of studies carried out under an initiative

378

The emerging multi-polar world and China's grand game  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This talk outlines a scenario describing an emerging multipolar world that is aligned with geographical regions. The stability and security of this multipolar world is examined with respect to demographics, trade (economics), resource constraints, and development. In particular I focus on Asia which has two large countries, China and India, competing for resources and markets and examine the emerging regional relations, opportunities and threats. These relationships must overcome many hurdles - the Subcontinent is in a weak position politically and strategically and faces many threats, and China's growing power could help stabilize it or create new threats. Since the fate of 1.5 billion (2.4 billion by 2050) people depends on how the Subcontinent evolves, this talk is meant to initiates a discussion of what China and India can do to help the region develop and stabilize.

Gupta, Rajan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

379

In Situ Hydrocarbon Degradation by Indigenous Nearshore Bacterial Populations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Potential episodic hydrocarbon inputs associated with oil mining and transportation together with chronic introduction of hydrocarbons via urban runoff into the relatively pristine coastal Florida waters poses a significant threat to Florida's fragile marine environment. It is therefore important to understand the extent to which indigenous bacterial populations are able to degrade hydrocarbon compounds and also determine factors that could potentially control and promote the rate at which these compounds are broken down in situ. Previous controlled laboratory experiments carried out by our research group demonstrated that separately both photo-oxidation and cometabolism stimulate bacterial hydrocarbon degradation by natural bacterial assemblages collected from a chronically petroleum contaminated site in Bayboro Bay, Florida. Additionally, we also demonstrated that stable carbon and radiocarbon abundances of respired CO{sub 2} could be used to trace in situ hydrocarbon degradation by indigenous bacterial populations at this same site. This current proposal had two main objectives: (a) to evaluate the cumulative impact of cometabolism and photo-oxidation on hydrocarbon degradation by natural bacterial assemblages collected the same site in Bayboro Bay, Florida and (b) to determine if in situ hydrocarbon degradation by indigenous bacterial populations this site could be traced using natural radiocarbon and stable carbon abundances of assimilated bacterial carbon. Funds were used for 2 years of full support for one ESI Ph.D. student, April Croxton. To address our first objective a series of closed system bacterial incubations were carried out using photo-oxidized petroleum and pinfish (i.e. cometabolite). Bacterial production of CO{sub 2} was used as the indicator of hydrocarbon degradation and {delta}{sup 13}C analysis of the resultant CO{sub 2} was used to evaluate the source of the respired CO{sub 2} (i.e. petroleum hydrocarbons or the pinfish cometabolite). Results from these time series experiments demonstrated that short-term exposure of petroleum to UV light enhanced hydrocarbon degradation by 48% over that observed for non-photo-oxidized petroleum. Despite the greater bio-availability of the photo-oxidized over the non-photo-oxidized petroleum, an initial lag in CO{sub 2} production was observed indicating potential phototoxicity of the photo- by-products. {delta}{sup 13}C analysis and mass balance calculations reveal that co-metabolism with pinfish resulted in increased hydrocarbon degradation for both photo-oxidized and non-photo-oxidized petroleum each by over 100%. These results demonstrate the cumulative effect of photo-oxidation and co-metabolism on petroleum hydrocarbon degradation by natural bacterial populations indigenous to systems chronically impacted by hydrocarbon input. To address the second objective of this proposal bacterial concentrates were collected from Bayboro Harbor in April 2001 for nucleic acid extraction and subsequent natural radiocarbon abundance analyses. Unfortunately, however, all of these samples were lost due to a faulty compressor in our -70 freezer. The freezer was subsequently repaired and samples were again collected from Bayboro Harbor in June 2002 and again December 2002. Several attempts were made to extract the nucleic acid samples--however, the student was not able to successfully extract and an adequate amount of uncontaminated nucleic acid samples for subsequent natural radiocarbon abundance measurements of the bacterial carbon by accelerator mass spectrometry (i.e. require at least 50 {micro}g carbon for AMS measurement). Consequently, we were not able to address the second objective of this proposed work.

Cherrier, J.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

380

Scenario for world energy transformation in XXI century: natural gas dominated  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For how long do we have natural gas resources? Is natural gas a renewable source of energy? Scientific considerations about the genesis of hydrocarbons provide an understanding of the presence of enormous, virtually inexhaustible resources of hydrocarbons and particularly natural gas in our planet. Confirming by recently published experimental results and a number of geological facts obtained during the last decades, these considerations are combined in the theory of the abyssal abiogenic origin of petroleum. According to this theory hydrocarbon compounds are generated in the mantle and migrate through the migration channels into the Earth's crust where they form oil and gas deposits in any kind of rock in any kind of structural position. The accumulation of oil and gas is considered as a part of the natural process of the Earth's outgassing, which was in turn responsible for creation of its hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. The main goal of the paper is to provide convincing arguments supporting the theory of abyssal abiogenic origin of petroleum and to show that this theory allows us to develop a realistic scenario for development of energy transformation in the XXI century the scenario where natural gas is a dominant source of energy.

Vladimir G. Kutcherov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Liberty in the Modern World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and the main interest of the book to the scientist lies in the interpretation of liberty and its significance in the world to-day, given by a cultured legal mind. ... day, given by a cultured legal mind. In addresses on sources of tolerance, on liberty, on the contribution of an independent judiciary and on the debt of the world ...

R. BRIGHTMAN

1955-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

The visually pervasive augmented world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe several existing Augmented Reality projects that illustrate critical yet currently disparate applications of Augmented Reality. This paper then describes a partially implemented system (the Visually Pervasive Augmented World) ... Keywords: augmented world, mobile services, ubiquitous computing, user creativity

Paul Sassaman; Eric Becker; Fillia Makedon

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH ON OF FISH MEAL AND OIL , ESPECIALLY DUR ING 1953 TO 1959, THE PRI NC IPAL MARKET S FOR THE PRODUCTS- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

384

Preliminary assessment of hydrocarbon potential in southern Illinois  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon exploration has been sparse south of the Cottage Grove fault system in southern Illinois. Over 240,000 ac in this area are within the Shawnee National Forest (SNF). Upcoming review of mineral exploration policy on SNF land and a recent amendment to the Mineral Leasing Act (1987) will result in release of portions of the SNF for competitive and potentially noncompetitive bidding for mineral exploration tracts in the near future. Preliminary assessment of hydrocarbon potential has been carried out in southern Illinois. Numerous oil shows occur in Paleozoic strata south of the Cottage Grove fault system, which, at present, describes the southern boundary of most oil production in Illinois. Only Mitchellsville oil field in southern Saline County lies south of the Cottage Grove fault system. The Upper Devonian New Albany Shale, though to be the primary source rock for Illinois basin hydrocarbons, underlies most of the area. Older potential source rocks may be present. Depositional trends of prolific oil-productive Mississippian strata in Illinois continue southward through the area. Few drill holes have tested strata older than Mississippian in the area. Complex faulting in the Rough Creek-Shawneetown fault system may have improved the potential for hydrocarbon emplacement and entrapment in this region. Preliminary assessment of hydrocarbon potential indicates that this wildcat region deserves further tests.

Crockett, J.E.; Oltz, D.F. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Methane-derived hydrocarbons produced under upper-mantle conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is widespread evidence that petroleum originates from biological processes. Whether hydrocarbons can also be produced from abiogenic precursor molecules under the high-pressure, high-temperature conditions characteristic of the upper mantle remains an open question. It has been proposed that hydrocarbons generated in the upper mantle could be transported through deep faults to shallower regions in the Earth's crust, and contribute to petroleum reserves. Here we use in situ Raman spectroscopy in laser-heated diamond anvil cells to monitor the chemical reactivity of methane and ethane under upper-mantle conditions. We show that when methane is exposed to pressures higher than 2 GPa, and to temperatures in the range of 1,000-1,500 K, it partially reacts to form saturated hydrocarbons containing 2-4 carbons (ethane, propane and butane) and molecular hydrogen and graphite. Conversely, exposure of ethane to similar conditions results in the production of methane, suggesting that the synthesis of saturated hydrocarbons is reversible. Our results support the suggestion that hydrocarbons heavier than methane can be produced by abiogenic processes in the upper mantle.

Kolesnikov, Anton; Kutcherov, Vladimir G.; Goncharov, Alexander F.; (CIW); (RITS)

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

386

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Energy Projection System World Energy Projection System May 1998 Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

387

Geologic research of conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon resources. Quarterly report, October 1, 1992--March 1, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the period from October 1, 1992 to March 1, 1993. The overall goals of the program task are to provide a final synthesis of six deep seismic reflection profiles and other geological and geophysical data from the southern Washington Cascades region where a probable extensive deep sedimentary basin has been discovered. This deep sedimentary basin is hypothesized from geological, regional magnetotelluric (MT), gravity, magnetic , and seismic reflection data as described in the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) article by Stanley and others (1992). This report analyzed three seismic reflection profiles acquired by the Morgantown Energy Technology Centers in combination with the extensive MT and other data to outline a probable geological model for a thick conductive section of rocks in the southern Washington Cascades (called the Southern Washington Cascades conductor, SWCC). Earlier MT models suggested that the section consisted of an east-dipping package that extended to depths of as much as 20 km but appeared to surface in the Bear Canyon area near Morton, Washington and along the axis of the Carbon River and Morton anticlines. Interpretation of the first three DOE seismic reflection approximately confirmed the MT interpretation and added new information on anticlinal structures and detailed stratigraphy. In this quarterly report, we summarize the progress over the first two quarters of the program for FY93, and project the possible findings during the remainder of the project. A milestone chart for the first two quarters has been submitted separately, along with cost reports, but a copy of these items are attached for completeness.

Not Available

1993-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

388

Career Map: Resource Scientist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wind Program's Career Map provides job description information for Resource Scientist positions.

389

New England Wind Forum: Resources and Tools  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Resources and Tools Resources and Tools The following provides resources for large energy users considering purchases of wind or other renewable energy. World Resources Institute. (2004). "Next Generation Green Power Products for Corporate Markets in North America." This installment of WRI's Corporate Guide to Green Power Markets focuses on the most effective, and cost-effective, ways for large electricity consumers to buy green power. These include purchases of nationally sourced RECs and two forms of long-term contracts with renewable generators that can be used to stabilize corporate energy costs or serve as a hedge against volatile electricity rates. The Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG) A collaboration of 12 leading corporations and the World Resources Institute dedicated to building corporate markets for 1,000 MW of new, cost-competitive green power by 2010. The group includes Alcoa Inc., Delphi Corporation, Dow, DuPont, FedEx Kinko's, General Motors, IBM, Interface, Johnson & Johnson, NatureWorks LLC, Pitney Bowes, and Staples. The GPMDG has developed analytical tools, guidelines for writing a solicitation, sample REC contracts, and corporate case studies, available on their Web site to facilitate corporate purchases of renewable energy.

390

On the forecasting of the challenging world future scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Logistic and power law methodologies for both retrospective and prospective analyses of extended time series describing evolutionary growth processes, in environments with finite resources, are confronted. While power laws may eventually apply only to the early stages of said growth process, the Allee logistic model seems applicable over the entire span of a long range process. On applying the Allee logistic model to both the world population and the world gross domestic product time series, from 1 to 2008AD, a projection was obtained that along the next few decades the world should experience a new economic boom phase with the world GDP peaking around the year 2020 and proceeding from then on towards a saturation value of about 142trillion international dollars, while the world population should reach 8.9billion people by 2050. These results were then used to forecast the behavior of the supply and consumption of energy and food, two of the main commodities that drive the world system. Our findings suggest that unless the currently prevailing focus on economic growth is changed into that of sustainable prosperity, human society may run into a period of serious economical and social struggles with unpredictable political consequences.

Luiz C.M. Miranda; C.A.S. Lima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fresh Milk by Hollow Fiber Liquid-Phase MicroextractionGas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fresh Milk by...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fresh...more volatile and heat sensitive. The...Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are compounds...the incomplete combustion of carbon-containing...respectively. Data were collected......

Mohd Marsin Sanagi; Saw Hong Loh; Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim; Mohamed Noor Hasan; Hassan Y. Aboul Enein

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Hepatic coenzyme Q redox balance of fishes as a potential bioindicator of environmental contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...at the land-water interface are...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination...Markers 0 Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic 0 Water Pollutants, Chemical...metabolism Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic toxicity...Ubiquinone metabolism Water Pollutants, Chemical...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Process for light-driven hydrocarbon oxidation at ambient temperatures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photochemical reaction for the oxidation of hydrocarbons uses molecular oxygen as the oxidant. A reductive photoredox cycle that uses a tin(IV)- or antimony(V)-porphyrin photosensitizer generates the reducing equivalents required to activate oxygen. This artificial photosynthesis system drives a catalytic cycle, which mimics the cytochrome P.sub.450 reaction, to oxidize hydrocarbons. An iron(III)- or manganese(III)-porphyrin is used as the hydrocarbon-oxidation catalyst. Methylviologen can be used as a redox relay molecule to provide for electron-transfer from the reduced photosensitizer to the Fe or Mn porphyrin. The system is long-lived and may be used in photo-initiated spectroscopic studies of the reaction to determine reaction rates and intermediates.

Shelnutt, John A. (Tijeras, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Method and apparatus for producing oxygenates from hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chemical reactor for oxygenating hydrocarbons includes: (a) a dielectric barrier discharge plasma cell, the plasma cell comprising a pair of electrodes having a dielectric material and void therebetween, the plasma cell comprising a hydrocarbon gas inlet feeding to the void; (b) a solid oxide electrochemical cell, the electrochemical cell comprising a solid oxide electrolyte positioned between a porous cathode and a porous anode, an oxygen containing gas inlet stream feeding to the porous cathode side of the electrochemical cell; (c) a first gas passageway feeding from the void to the anode side of the electrochemical cell; and (d) a gas outlet feeding from the anode side of the electrochemical cell to expel reaction products from the chemical reactor. A method of oxygenating hydrocarbons is also disclosed. 4 figs.

Kong, P.C.; Lessing, P.A.

1995-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

395

Teacher Resource Center: Science Fair Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Fair Resources Science Fair Resources TRC Home TRC Fact Sheet Library Curricular Resources Science Fair Resources Bibliographies sciencelines The Best of sciencelines Archives Annotated List of URLs Catalog Teacher's Lounge Full Workshop Catalog Customized Workshops Scheduled Workshops Special Opportunities Teacher Networks Science Lab Fermilab Science Materials Samplers Order Form Science Safety Issues Tech Room Fermilab Web Resources The Teacher Resource Center collection is available for use onsite. The TRC is a member of the DuPage Library System. This list was prepared for a presentation to several regional library systems. The Science Fair and Beyond, was presented by Susan Dahl, sdahl@fnal.gov, 630-840-3094. (links checked October 27, 2009) See the 'Customized Workshops" link in the "Teacher's Lounge" for information about more workshops available through the TRC. Explore the Education Office website for other opportunities and services.

396

Alleviating energy poverty for the world's poor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alleviating energy poverty for the world's poor Alleviating energy poverty for the world's poor Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Alleviating energy poverty for the world's poor Agency/Company /Organization: Ambuj Sagar Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421504000096 Cost: Free Language: English This report argues for an 'energy poverty alleviation' fund to help provide modern energy services to poor households. It also proposes an approach through which to create such a fund, namely by introducing an incremental levy on petroleum. Improving energy services for poor households in developing countries

397

world bank | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

world bank world bank Dataset Summary Description No description given. Source World Bank Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal energy imports energy production energy use fossil fuels Fuel global Hydroelectric international nuclear oil renewables statistical statistics world bank Data application/zip icon Data in XML Format (zip, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Data in Excel Format (zip, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1970 - 2007 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Summary of Usage Terms ---------------------- You are free to copy, distribute, adapt, display or include the data in other products for commercial and noncommercial purposes at no cost subject to certain limitations summarized below. You must include attribution for the data you use in the manner indicated in the metadata included with the data. You must not claim or imply that The World Bank endorses your use of the data by or use The World Bank's logo(s) or trademark(s) in conjunction with such use. Other parties may have ownership interests in some of the materials contained on The World Bank Web site. For example, we maintain a list of some specific data within the Datasets that you may not redistribute or reuse without first contacting the original content provider, as well as information regarding how to contact the original content provider. Before incorporating any data in other products, please check the list: Terms of use: Restricted Data. The World Bank makes no warranties with respect to the data and you agree The World Bank shall not be liable to you in connection with your use of the data. Links ----- Summary of Terms: http://data.worldbank.org/summary-terms-of-use Detailed Usage Terms: http://www.worldbank.org/terms-datasets

398

Hydrocarbon composition of crude oil from Lam Bank  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors discuss the crude oil from a new offshore field called the Lam Bank in the Caspian Sea. A segregated commercial crude was distilled and the distillation data is shown. In order to determine the content of n-paraffins, the naphthenic-paraffinic part of the narrow cuts was subjected to adsorptive separation on CaA zeolite. Owing to the high contents of naphthenic and isoparaffinic hydrocarbons and the low content of aromatic hydrocarbons in the distillate part, this crude can be used to produce high-quality fuels and oils by the use of the dewaxing processes.

Samedova, F.I.; Agaeva, R.M.; Alieva, F.Z.; Valiev, M.A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Method and apparatus for production of subsea hydrocarbon formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for controlling, separating, processing and exporting well fluids produced from subsea hydrocarbon formations is disclosed. The subsea well tender system includes a surface buoy supporting one or more decks above the water surface for accommodating equipment to process oil, gas and water recovered from the subsea hydrocarbon formation. The surface buoy includes a surface-piercing central flotation column connected to one or more external flotation tanks located below the water surface. The surface buoy is secured to the sea bed by one or more tendons which are anchored to a foundation with piles imbedded in the sea bed. The system accommodates multiple versions on the surface buoy configuration. 20 figures.

Blandford, J.W.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method and apparatus for production of subsea hydrocarbon formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for controlling, separating, processing and exporting well fluids produced from subsea hydrocarbon formations is disclosed. The subsea well tender system includes a surface buoy supporting one or more decks above the water surface for accommodating equipment to process oil, gas and water recovered from the subsea hydrocarbon formation. The surface buoy includes a surface-piercing central flotation column connected to one or more external floatation tanks located below the water surface. The surface buoy is secured to the seabed by one or more tendons which are anchored to a foundation with piles imbedded in the seabed. The system accommodates multiple versions on the surface buoy configuration.

Blandford, Joseph W. (15 Mott La., Houston, TX 77024)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Method for determining processability of a hydrocarbon containing feedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a method involving the steps of (a) precipitating an amount of asphaltenes from a liquid sample of a first hydrocarbon-containing feedstock having solvated asphaltenes therein with one or more first solvents in a column; (b) determining one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated asphaltenes; (c) analyzing the one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated asphaltenes; and (d) correlating a measurement of feedstock reactivity for the first hydrocarbon-containing feedstock sample with a mathematical parameter derived from the results of analyzing the one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated asphaltenes.

Schabron, John F.; Rovani, Jr., Joseph F.

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Upgrading of petroleum oil feedstocks using alkali metals and hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of upgrading an oil feedstock by removing heteroatoms and/or one or more heavy metals from the oil feedstock composition. This method reacts the oil feedstock with an alkali metal and an upgradant hydrocarbon. The alkali metal reacts with a portion of the heteroatoms and/or one or more heavy metals to form an inorganic phase separable from the organic oil feedstock material. The upgradant hydrocarbon bonds to the oil feedstock material and increases the number of carbon atoms in the product. This increase in the number of carbon atoms of the product increases the energy value of the resulting oil feedstock.

Gordon, John Howard

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

Experimental and artificial neural network modeling study on soot formation in premixed hydrocarbon flamesq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and artificial neural network modeling study on soot formation in premixed hydrocarbon after the methane flames, respectively. Three-layer, feed- forward type artificial neural networks rights reserved. Keywords: Soot; Hydrocarbon flames; Artificial neural networks 1. Introduction

Senkan, Selim M.

404

The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

20 May 1975 research-article The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion] E...have been made of their fate in mammals. The fate of fossil fuel hydrocarbons in marine animals. | Journal Article...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Bioenergy Technologies Office Conversion R&D Pathway: Syngas Upgrading to Hydrocarbon Fuels  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Syngas upgrading to hydrocarbon fuels is one of eight priority pathways chosen to convert biomass into hydrocarbon fuels by the Bioenergy Technologies Office. These pathways were down-selected from an initial list of 18.

406

Dynamic study of coupled heavy hydrocarbon pyrolysis and combustion. N. Gascoina*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1/28 Dynamic study of coupled heavy hydrocarbon pyrolysis and combustion. N. Gascoina* , P of the heat transfer dynamics. Finally, the combustion mechanism is applied and validated experimentally for kerosene pyrolysis application. Keywords Regenerative cooling; Hydrocarbon pyrolysis; Supersonic Combustion

Boyer, Edmond

407

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal paraffin hydrocarbons, in the gaseous...values for the heats of combustion of these gases...values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5...Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbons molecular Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

various hydrocarbons on monolithic hydrocarbon adsorber Dae Jung Kim,a Ji Man Kim,a Jae Eui Yie... ,b, Seong Gyu Seo,c and Sang-Chai Kim d a Department of Molecular Science and...

409

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode. LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion...

410

Vibration Spectra of Hydrocarbon Molecules. II. Skeletal Frequencies in Certain Branched Paraffins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

25 October 1949 research-article Vibration Spectra of Hydrocarbon Molecules. II...characteristic frequencies should be assigned as vibrations of the carbon skeleton of these structural...problem of the interpretation of the vibration spectra of hydrocarbons is considered...

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Environmental and Transport Effects on Core Measurements of Water Saturation, Salinity, Wettability, and Hydrocarbon Composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and core surfacing operations can significantly alter the water saturation, salinity, hydrocarbon measurements of water saturation, salinity, hydrocarbon composition, and wettability are critical for accurateSPE 166154 Environmental and Transport Effects on Core Measurements of Water Saturation, Salinity

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

412

Light hydrocarbons in the surface water of the mid-Atlantic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During a cruise of RV Polarstern over the Atlantic in September/October 1988, C2?C4 hydrocarbons were measured in surface sea water. The ship passed through three different ocean ... at 8 N and 3 S. Hydrocarbon

C. Plass; R. Koppmann; J. Rudolph

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Real-world data modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Capturing the value in real-world data requires more than fitting trivial models or visually exploring the data. Rather, we must efficiently isolate driving variables, confirm or reject potential outliers and build models which are both accurate and ...

Mark Kotanchek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Figure 4. World Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. World Oil Prices" " (2007 dollars per barrel)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,2029,2030...

415

Teacher Resource Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Teacher Resource Center: Putting It All Together Teacher Resource Center: Putting It All Together TRC Home TRC Fact Sheet Library Curricular Resources Science Fair Resources Bibliographies sciencelines The Best of sciencelines Archives Annotated List of URLs Catalog Teacher's Lounge Full Workshop Catalog Customized Workshops Scheduled Workshops Special Opportunities Teacher Networks Science Lab Fermilab Science Materials Samplers Order Form Science Safety Issues Tech Room Fermilab Web Resources The Teacher Resource Center provides a preview collection of K-12 instructional materials. TRC services include professional development workshops, consultation assistance, bibliographies and reference assistance. Educators have access to curriculum materials, books, multimedia, educational supply catalogs, periodicals and newsletters. The collection

416

Student Resources and Services 433 Student Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Resources and Services 433 Student Resources and Services The University of North Carolina at Charlotte provides a comfortable and enjoyable environment for students that is conducive to studying. The services, facilities, and programs of the University promote individual student development and foster

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

417

World Year of Physics 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World of Physics graphic Symposia page link Special Events page link Lectures page link Education page link The World Year of Physics is a worldwide celebration of physics and its importance in our everyday lives. Physics not only plays an important role in the development of science and technology but also has a tremendous impact on our society. WYP aims to raise the worldwide awareness of physics and physical science. The United Nations has declared 2005 to be the International Year of Physics. This declaration coincides with the 100th anniversary of physicist

418

UPTAKE AND LOSS OF PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS BY THE MUSSEL, MYTILUS EDULIS, IN LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UPTAKE AND LOSS OF PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS BY THE MUSSEL, MYTILUS EDULIS, IN LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS ROBERT C. CLARK, JR., AND JOHN S. FINLEY' ABSTRACT Petroleum paraffin hydrocarbons (n-CI4H30 to n-C37H76 system that simulated tides. The mussels were exposed to levels of petroleum hydrocarbons from a surface

419

A 4D Synchrotron X-Ray-Tomography Study of the Formation of Hydrocarbon-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrocarbons and the growing production of hydrocarbons from low-permeability tight rocks. Quantitative models, University of Oslo, Idaho National Laboratory, and Institute for Energy Technology Summary Recovery of oil from oil shales and the natural primary migration of hydrocarbons are closely related processes

Mazzini, Adriano

420

The Interaction of Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons with Tissues VII. Fractionation of Mouse Skin Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Inferaction of Hydrocarbons with Tissues. VII...separation of the water- soluble proteins...in Chart 1, and water-soluble proteins...Interaction of Hydrocarbons with Tissues. VII...noncarcinogenic hydrocarbons could be detected...electrophoretic separation of water-soluble proteins...

G. Rodman Davenport; C. W. Abell; and Charles Heidelberger

1961-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Male-derived cuticular hydrocarbons signal sperm competition intensity and affect ejaculate expenditure in crickets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...taxa has shown that cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), contact pheromones...They were supplied with water and fed cat food ad libitum...between-family variation in male hydrocarbon profiles (Thomas Simmons...variation within the blends of hydrocarbons in this experiment, male...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

World Bank Data Catalog | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Data Catalog World Bank Data Catalog Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Data Catalog Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Resource Type: Dataset Website: data.worldbank.org/data-catalog UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., Northern America, "South Asia" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

423

Speciation and Quantitation of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline Engine Exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......laboratory engines or reactors. In this paper we...computer technology have advanced to the state where...2-1 m), and the heavy (C5 -C1 2 ) hydrocarbons...PLOT column with water or heavy hy drocarbons...technology to prevent water vapor from condensing...computer technology have advanced to the state where......

Keith L. Olson; Robert M. Sinkevitch; Thompson M. Sloane

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hydrocarbon Condensation in Heavy-Duty Diesel Exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon Condensation in Heavy-Duty Diesel Exhaust ... The semivolatile mass fraction of diesel exhaust particles was studied using size-resolved on-line techniques (DMA-ELPI; TDMA-ELPI). ... The measured size resolved values of mass transfer imply that condensation, or diffusion-limited mass transfer, plays a major role in driving the volatile matter to the diesel exhaust particles. ...

Jyrki Ristimki; Kati Vaaraslahti; Maija Lappi; Jorma Keskinen

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...leaves and/or exposure to combustion products or formation of ash...analysis of the mainstream smoke chemistry of samples of the U.S. cigarette...comparison of the tumors induced by coal tar and benzo[a]pyrene...Spectrometry Ilex paraguariensis chemistry Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Seismic Analysis Using Wavelet Transform for Hydrocarbon Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data quality is good. This technique can be directly applied to the processed 2D and 3 D pre-stack/post-stack data sets (1) to detect hydrocarbon zones in both clastic and carbonate reservoirs by analyzing the low frequency signals in the decomposed...

Cai, Rui

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

427

Chemical Kinetics of Hydrocarbon Ignition in Practical Combustion Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical kinetic factors of hydrocarbon oxidation are examined in a variety of ignition problems. Ignition is related to the presence of a dominant chain branching reaction mechanism that can drive a chemical system to completion in a very short period of time. Ignition in laboratory environments is studied for problems including shock tubes and rapid compression machines. Modeling of the laboratory systems are used to develop kinetic models that can be used to analyze ignition in practical systems. Two major chain branching regimes are identified, one consisting of high temperature ignition with a chain branching reaction mechanism based on the reaction between atomic hydrogen with molecular oxygen, and the second based on an intermediate temperature thermal decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Kinetic models are then used to describe ignition in practical combustion environments, including detonations and pulse combustors for high temperature ignition, and engine knock and diesel ignition for intermediate temperature ignition. The final example of ignition in a practical environment is homogeneous charge, compression ignition (HCCI) which is shown to be a problem dominated by the kinetics intermediate temperature hydrocarbon ignition. Model results show why high hydrocarbon and CO emissions are inevitable in HCCI combustion. The conclusion of this study is that the kinetics of hydrocarbon ignition are actually quite simple, since only one or two elementary reactions are dominant. However, there are many combustion factors that can influence these two major reactions, and these are the features that vary from one practical system to another.

Westbrook, C.K.

2000-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy Conservation Opportunities in Hydrocarbon Resin Manufacturing Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"The results of a plant-wide assessment of the manufacturing facilities of Neville Chemical Company, a manufacturer of hydrocarbon resins will be presented in this paper. The project was co-funded by US Department of Energy under its Plant...

Ganji, A. R.; Hackett, B.; Chow, S.; Lonergan, R.; Wimer, J.

429

Fundamental spectroscopic studies of carbenes and hydrocarbon radicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highly reactive carbenes and carbon-chain radicals are studied at millimeter wavelengths by observing their rotational spectra. The purpose is to provide definitive spectroscopic identification, accurate spectroscopic constants in the lowest vibrational states, and reliable structures of the key intermediates in reactions leading to aromatic hydrocarbons and soot particles in combustion.

Gottlieb, C.A.; Thaddeus, P. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Climatically driven emissions of hydrocarbons from marine sediments during deglaciation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...destabilizing hydrates shown in the lighter...destabilization of methane hydrates and release of...in SBC suggest gas emissions during...investigate the sand-sized fraction...the presence of sand layers (23...hydrocarbons and methane hydrate, which is widely...4) (24). Gas hydrates commonly...

T. M. Hill; J. P. Kennett; D. L. Valentine; Z. Yang; C. M. Reddy; R. K. Nelson; R. J. Behl; C. Robert; L. Beaufort

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Hydrocarbons Heterogeneous Pyrolysis: Experiments and Modeling for Scramjet Thermal Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydrocarbons Heterogeneous Pyrolysis: Experiments and Modeling for Scramjet Thermal Management : United States (2008)" #12;2 I. Introduction One of the main issues of the development of scramjet, an air to the endothermicity of its thermal decomposition. Because of the large heat load found in a scramjet, engine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

432

Hydrocarbon saturation determination using acoustic velocities obtained through casing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compressional and shear velocities of earth formations are measured through casing. The determined compressional and shear velocities are used in a two component mixing model to provides improved quantitative values for the solid, the dry frame, and the pore compressibility. These are used in determination of hydrocarbon saturation.

Moos, Daniel (Houston, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

Increased olefins production via recovery of refinery gas hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the process of catalytically cracking heavy petroleum fractions to make gasoline and light fuel oil, by-product waste gases are also generated. The waste gases, normally used as fuel, are themselves rich sources of ethylene, propylene and other light hydrocarbons which can be recovered inexpensively via a cryogenic dephlegmator process. This gas separation technique is exploited in a system, in operation since spring of 1987, which reclaims C/sub 2/+ hydrocarbons from a refinery gas. The reclamation process bolsters production in a nearby ethylene plant. Causing no disruption of ethylene plant operations, the cryogenic hydrocarbon recovery system functions smoothly with existing systems. The dephlegmation unit operation melds distillation and heat transfer processes in a single easily-controlled step which boosts the hydrocarbon purity and recovery above the levels profitably achievable with conventional cryogenic separation techniques. Very attractive operating economics follow from high purity, high recovery, and high energy efficiency. This paper discusses process concepts, economic benefits, plant operation, and early performance results.

Bernhard, D.P.; Rowles, H.C.; Moss, J.A.; Pickering, J.L. Jr.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

THERMOCATALYTIC CO2-FREE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN FROM HYDROCARBON FUELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THERMOCATALYTIC CO2- FREE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN FROM HYDROCARBON FUELS N. Muradov Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road, Cocoa, Florida 32922 tel. 321-638-1448, fax. 321-638-1010, muradov (except for the start-up operation). This results in the following advantages: (1) no CO/CO2 byproducts

435

Biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in Jordanian petroleum sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioremediation, or the use of micro-organisms to decontaminate soil or groundwater, is being increasingly seen as an effective, environment-friendly treatment for oil-contaminated sites. In this study, the results are presented concerning a laboratory screening of several natural bacterial consortia and laboratory tests to establish the performance in degradation of hydrocarbons contained in oily sludge from the Jordan Oil Refinery Plant. As a result of the laboratory screening, 18 isolates were selected and grouped into two main clusters; cluster 1 containing 12 isolates grown at 43°C, and cluster 2 containing six isolates grown at 37°C. Three natural bacterial consortia with ability to degrade total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) were prepared from these isolates. Experiments were conducted in Erlenmeyer flasks under aerobic conditions, with TPH removal percentage varying from 5.9% to 25.1%, depending upon consortia type and concentration. Consortia 7B and 13B exhibited the highest TPH removal percentages of 25% and 23%, respectively before nutrient addition. TPH removal rate was enhanced after addition of nutrients to incubated flasks. The highest TPH reduction (37%) was estimated after addition of a combination of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur to consortia 7B. This is the first report concerning biological treatment of total petroleum hydrocarbon by bacteria isolated from the oil refinery plant, where it lay the ground for full integrated studies recommended for hydrocarbon degradation that assist in solving sludge problems.

Bassam Mrayyan; Mohammad Battikhi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Hydrocarbons in rift basins: the role of stratigraphy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...succession that causes the shales to reach thermal maturity and generate hydrocarbons. Simple...T. J. 1988 Rift basins of interior Sudan--petroleum exploration and discovery...basins? Is that what we could call the thermal subsidence phase? J. J. Lambiase...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Theoretical studies of hydrocarbon combustion chemistry. Annual progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author reports here the results of DZP CISD calculations for methylcarbene. Geometry, symmetry, and vibrational modes for the radical are reported for both the singlet and the triplet state. Future work will focus on the ethyl radical-oxygen interaction relevant to hydrocarbon combustion.

Schaefer, H.F. III

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

FROM INTERSTELLAR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND ICE TO ASTROBIOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photolysis of these ices produces a host of new compounds, some of which show intriguing prebiotic behavior1 FROM INTERSTELLAR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND ICE TO ASTROBIOLOGY LOUIS J. ALLAMANDOLA, the concept of ices in dense molecular clouds ignored, and the notion of large, abundant, gas phase, carbon

439

Transmission/Resource Library/Enviromental Resources and Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enviromental Resources and Mitigation < Transmission | Resource Library(Redirected from TransmissionResource LibraryMitigation) Redirect page Jump to: navigation, search...

440

The world supply/demand outlook for minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mining and agriculture are the fundamental industries that convert natural resources into useable forms. Mining and modern agriculture are inextricably interlinked because modern agriculture is heavily dependent upon the use of machinery power and fertilizers ? all of which are mineral based products and in some applications mineral and agricultural products are mutually substitutable. Steel production is common denominator for assessing demand for many minerals and in the last 21/2 decades world steel production has grown at an annual rate of about 51/2%. Currently the United States uses about 4 billion tons ? 40 000 pounds per person ? of new mineral supplies each year about equally divided between the mineral fuels and other mineral materials. The value of energy and processed materials of mineral origin used in the U.S. is estimated to exceed $270 billion per year. Rising world population coupled with aspirations for higher living standards points to steadily increasing world demand for mineral materials. Studies by the U.S. Bureau of Mines show that the ratio of recoverable world mineral reserves to cumulate demand over the next few decades is satisfactory for most mineral materials. However if world mineral production is to keep pace with demand there must be increased efforts to find mine beneficiate process and recycle mineral materials and there must also exist politico?economic climates that encourage long?term mineral development while also making appropriate provisions for humanitarian and envronmental concerns.

John D. Morgan Jr.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solar Resource Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the solar resource assessment aspects of the Renewable Systems Interconnection study. The status of solar resource assessment in the United States is described, and summaries of the availability of modeled data sets are provided.

Renne, D.; George, R.; Wilcox, S.; Stoffel, T.; Myers, D.; Heimiller, D.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Reserves and Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessments of resources belong to the realm of educated guesses. Conceptually distinct from resources and occupying a higher ranking in regard to precision, certainty and accuracy in mineral resou...

Ooi Jin Bee

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Financial Planning Resource Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Financial Planning Resource Allocation Human Resources Administrative Services Recruitment Management Leadership Studies Minor Admissions Information Desk & Game Center Fraternity/Sorority Life & Cross-Cultural Support Board Dining Medical Services Liaison for Faculty, Staff & Scholarships Retail

Barrash, Warren

444

Energy Efficient Radio Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficient Radio Resource Management in a Coordinated Multi-Cell Distributed Antenna System Omer HALILOGLU Introduction System Model Performance Evaluation Conclusion References Energy Efficient Hacettepe University 5 September 2014 Omer HALILOGLU (Hacettepe University) Energy Efficient Radio Resource

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

445

OpenMP Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

some useful OpenMP resources and tutorials: Official OpenMP Web Site: OpenMP standards, API specifications, tutorials, forums, and a lot more other information and resources. Tim...

446

ClearWorld Now | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClearWorld Now Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100027 Product: China-based operational investment arm of ClearWorld Energy Ltd. References: ClearWorld Now1 This article is a stub....

447

Reclamation and groundwater remediation at a hydrocarbon site in Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a joint hydrocarbon cleanup project between Unocal and Marathon, we have initiated the use of constructed wetlands for restoration of the 40-acre Poppy Lane gravel pit located near Kenai, Alaska. Gravel excavated from this site was used to construct roads and drilling pads in the 1960`-70`s. During this period it was also used as a refuse dump for waste from the Kenai gas field and from local residents. The bulk wastes were removed and pockets of oily sand were removed, treated and returned to a stockpile on the site. This left the site with residual pockets of hydrocarbon-impacted sand (<1000 TPH) plus traces of hydrocarbon contamination in the uppermost shallow groundwater flowing through the outwash gravels. The final part of the cleanup will be land restoration and bioremediation of the final traces of hydrocarbons, which are predominantly diesel-range. High resolution gas chromatography analysis indicated that common plants already growing on the site (willow, cottonwood, and alder) did not concentrate diesel-range petroleum hydrocarbons in their foliage when growing in soils containing these contaminants. As part of the planned restoration and shallow groundwater remediation, two 1/3 acre test plots were constructed to promote in-situ biodegradation processes. In spring 1995, the first test, a tree root-barrier plot, was planted with dormant cuttings of four native wetland tree and shrub species, which were planted to depths up to five feet. Alder and elderberry did not succeed under any conditions, nor did any species planted in standing water. For cottonwood and willow species, approximately one half of each rooted and survived. When the water table dropped the second year, the willow cuttings rooted deeper in the vadose zone, while cottonwood did not. As a result of these findings, a tree root-barrier wetland is not considered to be a viable option for groundwater treatment at Poppy Lane.

Ririe, G.T. [Unocal, Brea, CA (United States); Drake, L.D. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Olson, S.S. [Marathon Oil, Tyler, TX (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

DOE Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Breakthroughs DOE Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Breakthroughs April 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today it is accepting proposals for a program to support high-impact scientific advances through the use of some of the world's most powerful supercomputers located at DOE national laboratories. Approximately 1.3 billion supercomputer processor-hours will be awarded in 2010 through the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program for large-scale, computationally intensive projects addressing some of the toughest challenges in science and engineering. Researchers are currently using supercomputing time under this year's

449

Wind Resource Assessment of Gujarat (India)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India is one of the largest wind energy markets in the world. In 1986 Gujarat was the first Indian state to install a wind power project. In February 2013, the installed wind capacity in Gujarat was 3,093 MW. Due to the uncertainty around existing wind energy assessments in India, this analysis uses the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the wind at current hub heights for one year to provide more precise estimates of wind resources in Gujarat. The WRF model allows for accurate simulations of winds near the surface and at heights important for wind energy purposes. While previous resource assessments published wind power density, we focus on average wind speeds, which can be converted to wind power densities by the user with methods of their choice. The wind resource estimates in this study show regions with average annual wind speeds of more than 8 m/s.

Draxl, C.; Purkayastha, A.; Parker, Z.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Outdoor Lighting Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE offers a variety of resources to guide municipalities, utilities, and others in their evaluation of LED street lighting products.

451

A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Preparation Proposals Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Preparation Proposals Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: pdf.wri.org/working_papers/getting_ready_2010-07-13.pdf A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Preparation Proposals Screenshot References: A Review of R-PP[1] This working paper is part of a series of regular updates reviewing the Readiness Preparation Proposals (R-PPs) submitted by REDD+ Country

452

World Bank-The Role of Nonmotorized Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » World Bank-The Role of Nonmotorized Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank-Role of Nonmotorized Transport Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Publications Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/chapter9.pdf Cost: Free World Bank-Role of Nonmotorized Transport Screenshot References: The Role of Nonmotorized Transport[1] "Despite its economic importance to the poor-both as a mode of transport and a source of income-and its environmental advantages, the potential of

453

Process for using alkyl substituted C8-C10 aromatic hydrocarbons as preferential physical solvents for selective processing of hydrocarbon gas streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for the removal of hydrocarbon gas liquids, comprising hydrocarbons heavier than methane, from a hydrocarbon gas stream. The improvement consists of selectively extracting the hydrocarbon gas liquids from the hydrocarbon gas stream with a preferential physical solvent which provides selective capability for recovery according to the selected degree of (a) ethane in amounts ranging from 2-98%, (b) propane in amounts ranging from 2-99%, (c) butane in amounts ranging from 2-100%, or (d) pentanes and higher molecular weight hydrocarbons in amounts ranging up to 100% which comprises: A. selectively extracting and stripping the hydrocarbon gas stream with the physical solvent to produce a residue hydrocarbon gas stream of pipeline specifications and a rich solvent stream containing ethane and heavier hydrocarbon components, the preferential physical solvent being: (1) rich in C/sub 8/-C/sub 10/ aromatic compounds having methyl, ethyl, or propyl aliphatic groups and (2) selective for ethane and heavier hydrocarbon components of the gas stream such that: (a) the relative volatility of methane over ethane is at least 5.0 and the hydrocarbon loading capacity, defined as solubility of ethane in solvent, is at least 0.25 standard cubic feet of ethane per gallon of solvent, or (b) the preferential factor determined by the multiplication of relative volatility of methane over ethane by the solubility of ethane in solvent, in standard cubic feet of ethane per gallon of solvent, of at least 1.25; and B. distilling the rich solvent to produce the hydrocarbon gas liquids and the physical solvent.

Mehra, Y.R.

1987-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

454

PACENow Resources | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PACENow Resources PACENow Resources Provides a broad range of property assessed clean energy resources. Author: PACENow PACENow Website More Documents & Publications Financing...

455

Fisheries Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fisheries Resources Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFisheriesResources&oldid612306" Category: NEPA Resources...

456

SPACE RESOURCES ROUNDTABLE IX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in developing the resources of space, including the Moon, Mars, asteroids, comets, and other bodies organizations. The ninth Space Resources Roundtable solicits presentations about: · Orbital or landed measurements of the Moon, Mars, and/or asteroids and comets to identify and characterize potential resources

Rathbun, Julie A.

457

Wood Resources International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Resources International Wood Raw Material Consumption on the Rise Despite Weak Global Economy UNECE Timber Committee Meeting October 7-8, 2003 Geneva, Switzerland Håkan Ekström Wood Resources International #12;Wood Resources International Outline · Roundwood Removals · Roundwood Consumption · Raw

458

Interaction of Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons with Tissues: VIII. Binding of Tritium-labeled Hydrocarbons to the Soluble Proteins of Mouse Skin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...treated as described in "Materials and Methods." A demonstration...of the unbound radio active hydrocarbon was removed...migrated toward the cathode, a neutral in dicator...pro teins toward the cathode was affected by electro...dermis as described in "Materials and Methods." The...

C. W. Abell and Charles Heidelberger

1962-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Petroleum resources of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents estimates of the total recoverable crude oil from Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand (Thailand is not currently an exporter of petroleum but is included because of its proximity to the South China Sea and its high petroleum potential). Also included is an analysis of potential future rates at which these resources could enter into world markets. However, this analysis does not take into account the possible supply of recoverable resources from nonconventional deposits such as tar sands and oil shale.

Not Available

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

university marketing communications ... at your service RESOURCE GUIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

university marketing communications ... at your service RESOURCE GUIDE all the skills of a world-classagency ... UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH university marketing communications p u b l i c at i o n s · p r i n t i n g · w e b resource guide #12;university marketing communications ... at your service4 1 2 - 6 2 4 - 0 4 0 9 · w w w

Benos, Takis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Ultra-deepwater and Unconventional Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Ultra-deepwater and Unconventional Resources Program) Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Ultra-deepwater and Unconventional Resources Program) NETL-ORD Project Information Resource Assessment | Drilling Under Extreme Conditions | Environmental Impacts Enhanced and Unconventional Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery from Fractured Media Read Detailed Project Information [PDF] Read project abstract Oil recovery from unconventional media is often difficult. However, significant hydrocarbon resources can be found in fractured reservoirs. As the supply of oil from conventional reservoirs is depleted, fractured media will provide a greater proportion of the country's oil reserves. One example of such a resource is the Bakken shale, part of the Williston Basin in North and South Dakota and Montana. It is estimated that over 100-176 billion barrels of oil are present in the Bakken shale. However, due to the low permeability of the formation and the apparent oil-wet nature of the shale, production from this formation presents considerable problems.

462

World Wide Web Information Servers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

World Wide Web Information Servers World Wide Web Information Servers Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory recently announced a gopher and World Wide Web site. To get to the web site, telnet to www.lbl.gov, login: www. Access is provided to LBL's gopher, library catalog, and publication list. The Center is funding the implementation of a WWW network node for on-line access to publications, databases, and documents full of hypermedia links to other documents or information systems from the Energy & Environment Division. Full implementation is expected by May 1994, and will include access to a variety of information from all the research programs and centers. The technology transfer project calls for this newsletter to be published on WWW using the Mosaic interface under development at the National Center

463

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

wepstitle.gif (8166 bytes) wepstitle.gif (8166 bytes) Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

464

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

465

Resource use in the Chinese building sector : foundations for analyzing urban transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Around the world, people are moving to cities in order to become wealthy, especially in developing countries undergoing socio-economic transition. This will dramatically change the way that society consumes resources, in ...

Accuardi, Zachary A. Campbell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Bioclimatic and physical characterization of the worlds islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism...Rubel F ( 2006 ) World map of the Koppen-Geiger...calcu-lated as polygon mass centroids...previously and their mass centroids were...from an island's mass centroid to...aspect or predominant wind directions (4...

Patrick Weigelt; Walter Jetz; Holger Kreft

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Conservation Conservation ResourcesConservation Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an inventory of readyMaintain an inventory of ready--toto--constructconstruct coal & wind generation for postConfirm cost & availability of promising resources ­­ Oil sandsOil sands cogencogen, coal gasification, carbon

468

Solar World USA not SolarWorld AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World USA not SolarWorld AG World USA not SolarWorld AG Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG) Place Colorado Springs, Colorado Zip 80907 Sector Solar Product Solar World manufactures solar powered products for educational, consumer, electronic and custom OEM markets. References Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG) is a company located in Colorado Springs, Colorado . References ↑ "Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_World_USA_not_SolarWorld_AG&oldid=351350" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

469

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Cement: Resources and Links -  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Industry Associations Portland Cement Association Since its founding in 1916, the Portland Cement Association has had the same mission: "Improve and expand the uses of portland cement and concrete." The Cement Sustainability Initiative Coordinated by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, the Cement Sustainability Initiative (CSI) helps the cement industry address the challenges of sustainable development. The business leaders of a group of major cement companies lead the initiative. The GHG Protocol Initiative Coordinated in 1998 by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the World Resources Institute, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative (GHG Protocol) develops internationally-accepted accounting and reporting standards for greenhouse gas emissions from companies

470

ILENR/RE-AQ-ON-ROAD CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROCARBON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. McVey, and Stuart P. Beaton Prepared for: Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources Office A. Witter Director State of Illinois Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources #12;NOTE This report has been reviewed by the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources (ENR) and approved

Denver, University of

471

3D World Building System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

3D World Building System  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

473

Curating the CIA World Factbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in danger of losing this history. This paper investigates the issues involved in capturing the history of an evolving database and its application to the CIA World Factbook. In particular it shows that there is substantial added value to be gained...

Buneman, Peter; Mller, Heiko; Rusbridge, Chris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

World Air Transport Sustainability Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statement · Develop a quantitative model to assess the carbon footprint of world aviation, including and fraction of total fuel provided in future. For example: Fuel type Relative GHG Intensity Relative SOx Intensity Relative PM Intensity Relative HC/VOC Intensity 2010 Usage 2020 Usage 2030 Usage 2040 Usage 2050

475

World Oil: Market or Mayhem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is peak oil a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

Smith, James L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The FPGA Hello World Example Martin Schoeberl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The FPGA Hello World Example Martin Schoeberl martin@jopdesign.com August 4, 2006 1 Introduction `Hello World' example. What is the `Hello World' program in hardware, in an FPGA? The smallest project entity. In our case hello world 3. In the next dialog box the VHDL source files can be added

Schoeberl, Martin

477

Apparatus for removing hydrocarbon contaminants from solid materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for removing hydrocarbons from solid materials. Contaminated solids are combined with a solvent (preferably terpene based) to produce a mixture. The mixture is washed with water to generate a purified solid product (which is removed from the system) and a drainage product. The drainage product is separated into a first fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a second fraction (containing solids and water). The first fraction is separated into a third fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a fourth fraction (containing residual solids and water). The fourth fraction is combined with the second fraction to produce a sludge which is separated into a fifth fraction (containing water which is ultimately reused) and a sixth fraction (containing solids). The third fraction is then separated into a seventh fraction (consisting of recovered solvent which is ultimately reused) and an eighth fraction (containing hydrocarbon waste).

Bala, Gregory A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Thomas, Charles P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Method for removing hydrocarbon contaminants from solid materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for removing hydrocarbons from solid materials. Contaminated solids are combined with a solvent (preferably terpene based) to produce a mixture. The mixture is washed with water to generate a purified solid product (which is removed from the system) and a drainage product. The drainage product is separated into a first fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a second fraction (containing solids and water). The first fraction is separated into a third fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a fourth fraction (containing residual solids and water). The fourth fraction is combined with the second fraction to produce a sludge which is separated into a fifth fraction (containing water which is ultimately reused) and a sixth fraction (containing solids). The third fraction is then separated into a seventh fraction (consisting of recovered solvent which is ultimately reused) and an eighth fraction (containing hydrocarbon waste).

Bala, Gregory A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Thomas, Charles P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Catalysts for conversion of methane to higher hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Catalysts for converting methane to higher hydrocarbons such as ethane and ethylene in the presence of oxygen at temperatures in the range of about 700.degree. to 900.degree. C. are described. These catalysts comprise calcium oxide or gadolinium oxide respectively promoted with about 0.025-0.4 mole and about 0.1-0.7 mole sodium pyrophosphate. A preferred reaction temperature in a range of about 800.degree. to 850.degree. C. with a preferred oxygen-to-methane ratio of about 2:1 provides an essentially constant C.sub.2 hydrocarbon yield in the range of about 12 to 19 percent over a period of time greater than about 20 hours.

Siriwardane, Ranjani V. (Morgantown, WV)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are undertaking studies of biomass conversion technologies to identify barriers and target research toward reducing conversion costs. Process designs and preliminary economic estimates for each of these pathway cases were developed using rigorous modeling tools (Aspen Plus and Chemcad). These analyses incorporated the best information available at the time of development, including data from recent pilot and bench-scale demonstrations, collaborative industrial and academic partners, and published literature and patents. This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline, diesel and jet range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, Ryan; Biddy, Mary J.; Tan, Eric; Tao, Ling; Jones, Susanne B.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "world hydrocarbon resources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Faults as potential hydrocarbon barriers, Arroyo Grande, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTICALMICROSCOPY. Composition. Grain Size Characteristics Deformation Fluorescence Observations . Microprobe Observations. CAPILLARY PRESSURE. Sample Preparation. Test Procedures. Interpretation of the Mercury Injection Capillary Pressure Curve... rim of hydrocarbons seen on the grains. 41 , , 42 25 Photomicrograph of one of the microcracks that contains oil, 43 26 Microprobe image of the zone of quartz cement seen in the quarry, 27 Mercury injection capillary pressure apparatus, 45 48...

Switek, Daniel Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

482

THE INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF NEUTRAL POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBON CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mid-infrared spectra of neutral homogeneous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) clusters have been computed using density functional theory including an empirical correction for dispersion. The C-H out-of-plane bending modes are redshifted for all the clusters considered in this work. The magnitude of the redshift and the peak broadening are dependent on PAH size, shape, and on the PAH arrangement in the cluster.

Ricca, Alessandra [Carl Sagan Center, SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Avenue, Suite 100, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Bauschlicher, Charles W. Jr. [Entry Systems and Technology Division, Mail Stop 230-3, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Allamandola, Louis J., E-mail: Alessandra.Ricca-1@nasa.gov, E-mail: Charles.W.Bauschlicher@nasa.gov [Space Science Division, Mail Stop 245-6, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

Method and apparatus for production of subsea hydrocarbon formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A well tender system for controlling, separating, storing and offloading well fluids produced from subsea hydrocarbon formations. The system comprises a vertically aligned series of tethered cylindrical tanks which are torsionally stabilized by flexible catenary production riser and expert riser bundles, and serviced by separate catenary pipe bundles. Piles are secured to the seabed, each pile assembly being pivotally connected to a lower rigid tendon, which is in turn connected to tendons arranged about the periphery of the interconnected cylindrical tanks.

Blandford, Joseph W. (15 Mott La., Houston, TX 77024)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Method and apparatus for production of subsea hydrocarbon formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A well tender system for controlling, separating, storing and offloading well fluids produced from subsea hydrocarbon formations. The system comprises a vertically aligned series of tethered cylindrical tanks which are torsionally stabilized by flexible catenary production riser and export riser bundles, and serviced by separate catenary pipe bundles. Piles are secured to the seabed, each pile assembly being pivotally connected to a lower rigid tendon, which is in turn connected to tendons arranged about the periphery of the interconnected cylindrical tanks.

Blandford, Joseph W. (15 Mott La., Houston, TX 77024)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in the Galveston Bay system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PETROLEUM HYDRQCARBOiV-DEGRADING BACTERIA IN THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM A Thesis by STEVEN JAMES SCHROPP Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIFNCE... December 1979 Major Subject: Biology PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON-DEGRADING BACTERIA IN THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM A Thesis by STEVEN JAMES SCHROPP Approved as to style and content by: (Co-Chairman of Committee) '( ~CA. ( -Chairman of Committee) (Head...

Schropp, Steven James

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Production of valuable hydrocarbons by flash pyrolysis of oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for the production of gas and liquid hydrocarbons from particulated oil shale by reaction with a pyrolysis gas at a temperature of from about 700/sup 0/C to about 1100/sup 0/C, at a pressure of from about 400 psi to about 600 psi, for a period of about 0.2 second to about 20 seconds. Such a pyrolysis gas includes methane, helium, or hydrogen. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.T.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Direct production of fractionated and upgraded hydrocarbon fuels from biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multistage processing of biomass to produce at least two separate fungible fuel streams, one dominated by gasoline boiling-point range liquids and the other by diesel boiling-point range liquids. The processing involves hydrotreating the biomass to produce a hydrotreatment product including a deoxygenated hydrocarbon product of gasoline and diesel boiling materials, followed by separating each of the gasoline and diesel boiling materials from the hydrotreatment product and each other.

Felix, Larry G.; Linck, Martin B.; Marker, Terry L.; Roberts, Michael J.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

488

Catalyst and process for steam-reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved catalyst and an improved process for use of the catalyst in the steam-hydrocarbon reforming reaction are disclosed. The catalyst comprises a group VIII metal on a cylindrical ceramic support consisting essentially of alpha alumina and having a plurality of gas passages extending axially therethrough. These supported catalysts display a higher geometric surface area and a lower pressure drop than do standard rings.

Atwood, K.; Merriam, J.S.; Wright, J.H.

1980-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

489

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distributions in Mississippi Fan sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Sandberg, B. A. , University of Colorado Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Brooks Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) distributions in Upper Pleistocene sediments of the Mississippi Fan and two intraslope basins in the Gulf of Mexico... chemistries is separate phase migration driven by hydrodynamic flow upward along fault planes. The same variables at intraslope basin sites are highly altered, possibly due to extensive gravity slump faulting. High- performance liquid chromatography...

Sandberg, William Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Aerobic microorganism for the degradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon-degrading microorganism, having American Type Culture Collection accession numbers ATCC 53570 and 53571, in a biologically pure culture aseptically collected from a deep subsurface habitat and enhanced, mineralizes trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene to HCl, H.sub.2 O and Co.sub.2 under aerobic conditions stimulated by methane, acetate, methanol, tryptone-yeast extract, propane and propane-methane.

Fliermans, Carl B. (Augusta, GA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Irregular spacing of heat sources for treating hydrocarbon containing formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation includes providing heat input to a first section of the formation from one or more heat sources located in the first section. Fluids are produced from the first section through a production well located at or near the center of the first section. The heat sources are configured such that the average heat input per volume of formation in the first section increases with distance from the production well.

Miller, David Scott (Katy, TX); Uwechue, Uzo Philip (Houston, TX)

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

492

The decline of the worlds energy intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy intensity of the total primary energy supply (TPES), total final energy consumption (TFC) and LOSSES in the conversion from TPES to TFC were analyzed for the World, OECD and Rest of the World (ROW) countries. LOSSES increased significantly for all groups of countries due to the increase of electricity production from coal in the period studied (19712008). Electricity share final consumption almost doubled, increasing from 8.8% to 17.2% in the period studied. However the energy intensity of LOSSES remained practically constant, which reflects the fact that the efficiency of electricity generation from coal (the main source of electricity) remained practically constant in that period. Despite the attractiveness of end-use devices running on electricity such as computers, which is typical of modern societies, the CO2 emissions are bound to increase unless coal is replaced by less carbon emitting sources such as natural gas, renewables and nuclear energy.

Jos Goldemberg; Luiz Tado Siqueira Prado

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Paleotopography and hydrocarbon accumulation: Williston, Powder River, and Denver basins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent geomorphic analyses of 1:24,000 scale topographic maps in the three major basins of the northern Great Plains have disclosed a persistent system of basement paleotopographic features that trend north-northeast throughout the region. Superimposed across this system and subtly influenced by it, are the northwesterly trending Laramide structural features. Paleozoic depositional patterns have been strongly influenced by the paleoridge and trough system formed by the north-northeast features. Mesozoic deposition has also been affected by the ancient subsurface system but in a more subtle manner. Many of the Paleozoic and Mezoxoic hydrocarbon locations in the three basins appear to be the results of paleotopographic control on hydrocarbon accumulation sites. This affect ranges from Paleozoic reef sites in the Williston basin through paleotrough localization of Pennsylvanian Minnelusa production in the Powder River basin to fractured Cretaceous Niobrara production at the Silo field in the Denver basin. Basement paleotopography is the underlying factor in all deposition and subsequent hydrocarbon migration in any basin. As such, it should be considered a major factor in the exploration for oil and gas.

Thomas, G.E. (Thomas and Associates, Denver, CO (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Office of Resource Management  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resource Management Resource Management Home Sub Offices › Business Operations › Information Management › Human Resources and Administration Mission and Functions HSS Standard Operating Practices (For Internal Users Only) HSS Subject Matter Experts and Functional Points of Contacts Contact Us HSS Logo Office of Resource Management Direct Report to the Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer Mission and Functions Mission The Office of Resource Management supports the infrastructure of the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) by providing balanced, unbiased, technically competent, and customer focused services in the areas of: (1) Financial Management, including budget formulation and execution; (2) Procurement Management, including contract and credit card programs; (3) Information Management, including technology-based solutions and programs; (4) Quality Assurance; (5) Human Resources, including recruitment and retention programs; (6) Administrative Services, including property management, travel, and work space management; and; (7) Strategic and Program Planning including performance and efficiency measures.

495

Contact List, Human Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Human Resources & Occupational Medicine Division Human Resources & Occupational Medicine Division Contact List Human Resources Guest, User, Visitor (GUV) Center Occupational Medicine Training and Qualifications Office Note: All listed phone extensions are in the format of (631) 344-xxxx. Human Resources Robert Lincoln, Chief Human Resources Officer x7435 rlincoln@bnl.gov Margaret Hughes x2108 hughes@bnl.gov Elizabeth Gilbert x2315 gilbert@bnl.gov Human Resources Generalists Christel Colon, HR Manager - BES, GARS & ELS x8469 ccolon@bnl.gov Joann Williams, HR Manager - Support Operations x8356 williamsj@bnl.gov Joanna Hall, HR Manager - Photon Sciences x4410 jhall@bnl.gov Donna Dowling, HR Manager - Nuclear & Particle Physics x2754 dowling@bnl.gov Terrence Buck x8715 tbuck@bnl.gov

496

World Business Council for Sustainable Development-Case Studies | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development-Case Studies Development-Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Name World Business Council for Sustainable Development-Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry Topics Implementation Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.wbcsd.org/templates References Case Studies[1] Background "The WBCSD seeks to illustrate how companies work independently, or with different stakeholders, to integrate the challenge of sustainable development into their business activities. The value of sharing these experiences lies in their ability to further the business case for sustainable development by supporting the design of effective processes to

497

The perfect heist : recipes from around the world.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Of the many facets of the criminal world, few have captured society's fascination as has that of high stakes robbery. The combination of meticulousness, cunning, and audacity required to execute a real-life Ocean's Eleven may be uncommon among criminals, but fortunately it is common enough to extract a wealth of lessons for the protection of high-value assets. To assist in informing the analyses and decisions of security professionals, this paper surveys 23 sophisticated and high-value heists that have occurred or been attempted around the world, particularly over the past three decades. The results, compiled in a Heist Methods and Characteristics Database, have been analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively, with the goals of both identifying common characteristics and characterizing the range and diversity of criminal methods used. The analysis is focused in six areas: (1) Defeated Security Measures and Devices, (2) Deception Methods, (3) Timing, (4) Weapons, (5) Resources, and (6) Insiders.

Lafleur, Jarret Marshall; Purvis, Liston Keith; Roesler, Alexander William; Westland, Paul [U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Energy Resources for Students and Teachers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Resources for Students and Teachers Energy Resources for Students and Teachers Energy Resources for Students and Teachers November 18, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Jen Carter All the world is a laboratory to the inquiring mind. - Martin H. Fischer Mornings are brisk as students wait for the school bus, catch a ride with a parent or walk down city streets and rural lanes on their way to school. Energy is an important topic in the classroom and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has resources to help students research that report or teachers set up lesson plans on topics ranging from hydrogen to wind energy and much more. There is a variety of great information available online-and at students' fingertips-that can point them to useful answers for a variety of energy-related questions. From resources

499

Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar Wednesday, January 15, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CEE 880 Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar Wednesday, January 15, 2012 2315 GG treatment evaluating disposal options in the U. S. and Bangladesh" Arsenic contamination of drinking water threatens the health of millions of people around the world, most acutely in Bangladesh, where a massive

Kamat, Vineet R.

500

Experimental investigations to optimize the utilization of energy resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In world more than 65% of non-renewable fuels are consumed by thermal, gas, nuclear, diesel power plants and process industries. They emit huge amount of pollutants and skew up large quantities of ash in to environment causing pollution and lead to adverse ... Keywords: energy, environment, management, resources, safety

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z