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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Automatic Calibration of Geothermal Reservoir Models Through Parallel Computing on a Workstation Cluster  

SciTech Connect

ITOUGH2 is an optimization code that allows estimation of any input parameter of the nonisothermal, multiphase flow simulator TOUGH2. ITOUGH2 inversions are computationally intensive because the so-called forward problem, i.e., the simulation of fluid and heat flow through the geologic formation, must be solved many times for different parameter combinations to evaluate the misfit criterion or to numerically calculate sensitivity coefficients. Most of these forward runs am independent from each other and can therefore be performed in parallel. Message passing based on the Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) system has been implemented into ITOUGH2 to enable parallel processing of forward simulations on a heterogeneous network of Unix workstations or networked PCs that run under the Linux operating system. This paper describes the PVM system and its implementation into ITOUGH2. Examples are discussed, demonstrating the use, efficiency, and limitations of ITOUGH2-PVM.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Scoping study: Substation design workstation  

SciTech Connect

This project conducted a survey, consisting of a written questionaire, a workshop, and site visits to determine what facets of substation engineering would benefit from incorporation into a workstation environment. Based on the needs expressed by the respondents, a program for the staged development of a Substation Workstation is recommended. Six analytical function modules for assisting in substation engineering were identified for potential inclusion in the workstation: Initial Planning Activities; Physical Plant Design; Analytical Functions; Civil/Structural Design; Environmental Design; and Project Management. The initial release of the Substation Workstation is recommended to include the workstation environment (including MENTOR -- a concept for on-line help, tutorials, notepad, a minor spreadsheet, and interfaces to other regular desktop functions) and portions of the first three functional modules listed above. Recommendations for progress beyond this first release of the workstation included the development of additional capabilities within the initial functional modules, as well as the development of the remaining modules. An overlap exists between the analytical requirements for this workstation and those already included in the EPRI TLWorkstation and the ICWorkstation. In some cases, elements of these other workstations are also suggested for incorporation into the Substation Workstation (such as the foundation analyses from the TLWorkstation), and in others, an assimilation of the other workstation into the Substation Workstation is recommended (as with the ICWorkstation). Estimated resources for implementing the recommended program, including both costs and development time, are also provided.

Mauser, S.F. (Power Technologies, Inc., Wilmerding, PA (United States)); Conroy, M.W. (Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)); Singh, N.M. (Power Computing, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Forecaster Workstation Design: Concepts and Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some basic ideas about designing a meteorological workstation for operational weather forecasting are presented, in part as a complement to the recently published discussion of workstation design by R. R. Hoffman. Scientific weather forecasting ...

Charles A. Doswell III

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

PRE-SW EMF Workstation 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EMF Workstation 2013 allows a user to create a computer model of Transmission Lines, Distribution Lines, Buswork, and Substation Equipment. The software then calculates Electric and Magnetic Fields ...

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

5

Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System ConfiguringWorkstationsforusewiththePARSIISystem0.pdf...

6

Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System ConfiguringWorkstationsforusewiththePARSIISystem2013071...

7

Real-Time Mesoscale Prediction on workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experience in performing real-time mesoscale numerical prediction forecasts using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) over Colorado for a winter season on high-performance workstations is summarized. Performance evaluation is done for ...

William R. Cotton; Gregory Thompson; Paul W. Mieike Jr.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Distributed gang scheduling in networks of heterogenous workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wide availability of workstation networks and the rapid evolution of workstation technology is a motivation for investigating methods of harnessing the full power of such systems. Individual workstations are not usually effectively utilized by their ... Keywords: Concurrent processing, Dynamic scheduling, Heterogenous distributed systems, Migrations, Workstation networks

Khaled Al-Saqabi; Syed Sarwar; Kassem Saleh

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Energy consumption of personal computer workstations  

SciTech Connect

A field study directly measured the electric demand of 189 personal computer workstations for 1-week intervals, and a survey recorded the connected equipment at 1,846 workstations in six buildings. Each separate workstation component (e.g., computer, monitor, printer, modem, and other peripheral) was individually monitored to obtain detailed electric demand profiles. Other analyses included comparison of nameplate power rating with measured power consumption and the energy savings potential and cost-effectiveness of a controller that automatically turns off computer workstation equipment during inactivity. An important outcome of the work is the development of a standard workstation demand profile and a technique for estimating a whole-building demand profile. Together, these provide a method for transferring this information to utility energy analysts, design engineers, building energy modelers, and others. A life-cycle cost analysis was used to determine the cost-effectiveness of three energy conservation measures: (1) energy awareness education, (2) retrofit power controller installation, and (3) purchase of energy-efficient PCs.

Szydlowski, R.F.; Chvala, W.D. Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Remote access to the workstations: For Microsoft Windows Users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote access to the workstations: For Microsoft Windows Users: 1. Install the following" for a workstation you want to connect to. It will launch a new browser window that will load a VNC Java applet will be asked first to enter it before the applet loads. The applet opens a Java application window, please

Keinan, Alon

11

Integrated dynamic and simulation model on coupled closed-loop workstation capacity controls in a multi-workstation production system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a dynamic model coupled with a simulation model is introduced to control a multi-workstation production system such that a given performance measure is achieved. In particular, we consider closed loop capacity controls for regulating WIP ...

Tao Wu; Leyuan Shi; Benjamin Quirt; N. A. Duffie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

WireGL: a scalable graphics system for clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe WireGL, a system for scalable interactive rendering on a cluster of workstations. WireGL provides the familiar OpenGL API to each node in a cluster, virtualizing multiple graphics accelerators into a sort-first parallel renderer with a parallel ... Keywords: cluster rendering, parallel rendering, remote graphics, scalable rendering, tiled displays, virtual graphics

Greg Humphreys; Matthew Eldridge; Ian Buck; Gordan Stoll; Matthew Everett; Pat Hanrahan

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Processing of 3-Line Imagery on a Digital Photogrammetric Workstation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main topics in photogrammetry is the development of automatic processing techniques, e.g. for aerotriangulation and stereo restitution, both starting from digital aerial imagery. On the other hand digital cameras and sensors gain more and more importance. One of the most promising sensor concept makes use of three linear CCD arrays. This paper deals with the special geometry of 3-line imagery and the consequences for the processing on a digital photogrammetric workstation. Keywords: digital photogrammetric workstations, 3-line imagery, stereo restitution, MOMS-02 1. INTRODUCTION Digital photogrammetric systems are still one of the main topics in ISPRS Commission II. During the period 1992-- 1996 the Intercommision Working Group II/III "Digital Photogrammetric Systems" dealt with this research topic, and also in the period 1996--2000 the ISPRS Working Group II/8 "Digital Systems for Image Analysis" will consider systems for automatic image orientation, generation of digita...

Rüdiger Brand; Timm Ohlhof; Manfred Stephani

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Heat Exchanger Workstation Condenser Application (HEWCA), Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat Exchanger Workstation—Condenser Application (HEWCA) Version 2.0 is software used for performance analysis for steam surface condensers. Description HEWCA Version 2.0 is used to configure steam surface condensers, to run performance analyst calculations with different algorithms and to view results. The Performance Advisor Module can help the user diagnose probable causes of condenser performance deficiency. Platform Requirements Windows™ 2000 / XP / Vista

2008-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

V-227: VMware Workstation and Player vmware-mount Command Flaw Lets Local  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: VMware Workstation and Player vmware-mount Command Flaw Lets 7: VMware Workstation and Player vmware-mount Command Flaw Lets Local Users Gain Root Privileges V-227: VMware Workstation and Player vmware-mount Command Flaw Lets Local Users Gain Root Privileges August 26, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in VMware Workstation and Player on Debian-based systems PLATFORM: VMware Workstation 8.x, 9.x and Player 4.x, 5.x ABSTRACT: VMware Workstation and Player contain a vulnerability in the handling of the vmware-mount command REFERENCE LINKS: Security Tracker Alert ID 1028948 VMware Security Advisory VMSA-2013-0010 CVE-2013-1662 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A local malicious user may exploit this vulnerability to escalate their privileges to root on the host OS. The issue is present when Workstation or

16

Energy consumption of workstations and external devices in school of business and information technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis was to measure energy consumption of workstations and external devices in School of Business and Information Technology and search for… (more)

Koret, Jere

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Development of a reactor engineering workstation at Seabrook station  

SciTech Connect

The reactor engineers at Seabrook station are responsible for supporting plant operation with respect to the current reactor core design. Advanced assembly designs, complex reactor core loading patterns, and emphasis on efficient and safe operation puts a greater demand on the reactor engineer. The traditional use of static data constants and coarse core modeling, in light of the more complex fuel and core designs of today, results in less than optimum monitoring and predicting tools for the reactor engineer. The incorporation of an advanced three-dimensional nodal code with thermal feedbacks and detailed spatial modeling along with the ability to follow current operational history on a state-of-the-art workstation provides the reactor engineer with a dynamic core monitoring and predictive tool. This approach allows for more accurate and efficient completion of the reactor engineer's tasks. Yankee Atomic Electric Company (YAEC) is currently in the process of providing advanced reactor physics nodal methods to the reactor engineers at Seabrook station. The scope of this project is to supply a reactor engineering workstation with a simplified user interface to an advanced nodal core model as part of an on-line core monitor/predictor for standard reactor engineering calculations. It uses the Studsvik Core Management System (CMS), which primarily consists of the CASMO-3 cross-section generating code and the SIMULATE-3 three-dimensional two-group nodal reactor analysis code.

Tremblay, M.A.; Gorski, J.P. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States)); Gurney, P.V. (New Hampshire Yankee, Seabrook, NY (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

A general framework for the manufacturing workstation design optimization: a combined ergonomic and operational approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general framework for the effective design, or re-design, of manufacturing workstations under a combined ergonomic and operational optimization approach is presented. This general framework must be regarded as a method for facilitating and supporting ... Keywords: digital human modelling and simulation (DHMS), production/ manufacturing systems, workstations design

David Del Rio Vilas, Francesco Longo, Nadia Rego Monteil

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

U-192: VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

92: VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or 92: VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote Users Deny Service U-192: VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote Users Deny Service June 15, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in VMware Workstation/Player. PLATFORM: Version(s): Workstation 8.x, Player 4.x aBSTRACT: A local or remote user can cause denial of service conditions on the target virtual system. reference LINKS: Vendor Advisory Security Tracker ID 1027173 CVE-2012-3289 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A user with the ability to modify communications data between a remote virtual device (e.g., CD-ROM, keyboard) located on a physically separate system and the target virtual machine can cause the target virtual machine to crash.

20

U-192 VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote Users Deny Service U-192 VMware Workstation/Player VM Remote Device Bug Lets Local or Remote Users Deny Service June 15, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in VMware Workstation/Player. PLATFORM: Version(s): Workstation 8.x, Player 4.x ABSTRACT: A local or remote user can cause denial of service conditions on the target virtual system. reference LINKS: Vendor Advisory Security Tracker ID 1027173 CVE-2012-3289 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A user with the ability to modify communications data between a remote virtual device (e.g., CD-ROM, keyboard) located on a physically separate system and the target virtual machine can cause the target virtual machine to crash. Impact:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Simulation Technology Research Division assessment of the IBM RISC SYSTEM/6000 Model 530 workstation  

SciTech Connect

A workstation manufactured by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) was loaned to the Simulation Technology Research Division for evaluation. We have found that these new UNIX workstations from IBM have superior cost to performance ratios compared to the CRAY supercomputers and Digital's VAX machines. Our appraisal of this workstation included floating-point performance, system and environment functionality, and cost effectiveness. Our assessment was based on a suite of radiation transport codes developed at Sandia that constitute the bulk of our division's computing workload. In this report, we also discuss our experience with features that are unique to this machine such as the AIX operating system and the XLF Fortran Compiler. The interoperability of the RS/6000 workstation with Sandia's network of CRAYs and VAXs was also assessed.

Valdez, G.D. (Applied Methods, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Halbleib, J.A.; Kensek, R.P.; Lorence, L.J. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Human Factors Psychology in the Support of Forecasting: The Design of Advanced Meteorological Workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Meteorological Processing (AMP) systems will provide a workstation environment to support the activities of operational forecasters and research meteorologists. AMP system research and development projects are underway at laboratories of ...

Robert R. Hoffman

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one ...

Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Process and Methods Used to Evaluate Prototype Operational Hydrometeorological Workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of the National Weather Service (NWS) modernization, the Forecast Systems Laboratory (FSL) has been developing prototype hydrometeorological workstations for many years. The FSL Evaluation Team (E-Team) has developed a process of ...

Cynthia Lusk; Patrice Kucera; William Roberts; Lynn Johnson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Three Complementary Approaches to Parallelization of Local BLAST Service on Workstation Clusters (invited paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes approaches to improving the performance of one of the most common and increasingly important aspects of the Human Genome Project (HGP) - large-volume, batch comparison of DNA sequence data. This basic comparison operation, usually ...

Kevin T. Pedretti; Thomas L. Casavant; R. C. Braun; Todd E. Scheetz; C. L. Birkett; Chad A. Roberts

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

A Framework for Building Distributed Data Flow Chains in Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a software framework designed to set up data flow chains in clusters of PCs or workstations. Communication between the components of such a chain is based on the publisher-subscriber-paradigm including bridge components being ...

Timm M. Steinbeck; Volker Lindenstruth; Dieter Röhrich; Anders Strand Vestbø; Arne Wiebalck

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (ORIES) site workstation information packet for OREIS V1. 2  

SciTech Connect

The OREIS site workstation information packet was developed to accompany the OREIS site workstations, which are being delivered to the Environmental Restoration programs at the five DOE-OR sites. The packet is written specifically for the Site ER program staff at each of the five Sites who have been designated the OREIS contact by their ER program manager, and is not intended for general distribution. The packet provides an overview of the components of OREIS, points to more detailed information provided in the accompanying vendor and OREIS developed manuals, and includes information on training opportunities and user support.

Voorhees, L.D.; McCord, R.A.; Durfee, R.C.; Land, M.L.; Olson, R.J.; Palmer, M.R.; Thomas, J.K.; Tinnel, E.P.; Zygmunt, B.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Microsoft Word - Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System.V3.0.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30/2010 30/2010 1 PROCEDURES 1.1 Introduction Most users will be comfortable with contacting their IT Helpdesk for completing the instructions below. However, If you have Admin rights on your workstation, and are comfortable with making configuration changes to it, you may follow these directions yourself. 1.2 Installation of Dekker, Ltd. ActiveX Control 1. Log onto the workstation to be configured using an ID/Password that can perform administrative functions on the workstation being configured (e.g. Install software, add Active-X controls). Note that administrative access is only required for initial workstation configuration, not ongoing operation of the PARS II application on the workstation. 2. Check hardware, software and network requirements as identified in section 2 below.

29

Transmission Line Workstation - Generation 2 (TLW-Gen2) v1.2: Lightning & Grounding Module  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a complete rewrite of the platform supporting the Transmission Line Workstation. The result is to provide a common platform to share data and support tools between existing and future T&S software. This release adds Vibration and OpenDSS Fault calculations to the initial TFlash and ACDC line ...

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

30

Development and Use of a GIS Workstation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the Department of Energy s (DOE) largest multipurpose science and energy laboratory. As an interdisciplinary research organization, access to information plays a critical part in the success of the many research efforts in progress at the Laboratory. The Research Library, in a supportive role, enables staff to fulfill the Laboratory s mission by making available a myriad of information resources including paper and electronic maps. The Research Library Geographic Information System (GIS) workstation was developed to better serve library customers by providing convenient access to a variety of mapping resources. The GIS workstation functions as a supplement to the paper map collection by providing customers with maps in an electronic format that can easily be inserted into memos, reports, and journal articles. Customer interest, together with the growing availability of low-cost and user-friendly mapping software, led to the development of the GIS workstation, which hosts an array of commercial mapping software that enables customers to produce ready-made topographic maps, current and historical maps, and road maps. Customers may also create customized maps using their own data or data supplied by the software vendor. This article focuses on the development, implementation, and use of the library s GIS workstation by providing a brief description of hardware components, mapping resources, and how these resources are used by Laboratory staff.

Dickey, Mark W [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Plant-Wide Integrated Environment Distributed on Workstations (Plant-Window) System Functional Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's Plant-Wide Integrated Environment Distributed on Workstations (Plant-Window) supports the activities of plant staff by providing a common, consistent, easy-to-use interface to distributed data sources, information systems, and instrumentation and control systems. This report guides utilities in the design and development of a flexible, expandable computing architecture to integrate access and functionality in upgraded plant systems. Such an architecture will increase productivity by eliminating ro...

1996-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

PRE-SW Transmission Line Workstation - Generation 2, Version 1.2, Beta  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a complete rewrite of the platform supporting the Transmission Line Workstation.  The aim is to provide a common platform to share data and support tools between existing and future T&S software.  This release adds Vibration and OpenDSS Fault calculations to the initial TFlash and ACDC line calculations.Benefits & Value:Simplified data input by sharing between applicationsCreate common look and feel between ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

35

A real-time monitoring/emergency response modeling workstation for a tritium facility  

SciTech Connect

At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) we developed a real-time system to monitor two stacks on our tritium handling facility. The monitors transmit the stack data to a workstation which computes a 3D numerical model of atmospheric dispersion. The workstation also collects surface and upper air data from meteorological towers and a sodar. The complex meteorological and terrain setting in the Livermore Valley demands more sophisticated resolution of the three-dimensional structure of the atmosphere to reliably calculate plume dispersion than afforded by Gaussian models. We experience both mountain valley and sea breeze flows. To address these complexities, we have implemented the three-dimensional diagnostic MATHEW mass-adjusted wind field and ADPIC particle-in-cell dispersion models on the workstation for use in real-time emergency response modeling. Both MATHEW and ADPIC have shown their utility in a variety of complex settings over the last 15 years within the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC[1,2]) project.

Lawver, B.S.; Sims, J.M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Baskett, R.L. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A real-time emergency response workstation using a 3-D numerical model initialized with sodar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many emergency response dispersion modeling systems provide simple Gaussian models driven by single meteorological tower inputs to estimate the downwind consequences from accidental spills or stack releases. Complex meteorological or terrain settings demand more sophisticated resolution of the three-dimensional structure of the atmosphere to reliably calculate plume dispersion. Mountain valleys and sea breeze flows are two common examples of such settings. To address these complexities, the authors have implemented the three-dimensional diagnostic MATHEW mass-adjusted wind field and ADPIC particle-in-cell dispersion models on a workstation for use in real-time emergency response modeling. MATHEW/ADPIC have shown their utility in a variety of complex settings over the last 15 years within the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) project. The models are initialized using an array of surface wind measurements from meteorological towers coupled with vertical profiles from an acoustic sounder (sodar). The workstation automatically acquires the meteorological data every 15 minutes. A source term is generated using either defaults or a real-time stack monitor. Model outputs include contoured isopleths displayed on site geography or plume densities shown over 3-D color shaded terrain. The models are automatically updated every 15 minutes to provide the emergency response manager with a continuous display of potentially hazardous ground-level conditions if an actual release were to occur. Model run time is typically less than 2 minutes on 6 megaflop ({approximately}30 MIPS) workstations. Data acquisition, limited by dial-up modem communications, requires 3 to 5 minutes.

Lawver, B.S.; Sullivan, T.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US); Baskett, R.L. [EG& G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (US)

1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

37

Cluster Statistics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Statistics Cluster Statistics Genepool Cluster Utilization Genepool Usage by Group Process Accounting Data (houseHunter) Genepool Memory Heatmaps Genepool Time Heatmaps UGE...

38

Integrating UNIX workstation into existing online data acquisition systems for Fermilab experiments  

SciTech Connect

With the availability of cost effective computing prior from multiple vendors of UNIX workstations, experiments at Fermilab are adding such computers to their VMS based online data acquisition systems. In anticipation of this trend, we have extended the software products available in our widely used VAXONLINE and PANDA data acquisition software systems, to provide support for integrating these workstations into existing distributed online systems. The software packages we are providing pave the way for the smooth migration of applications from the current Data Acquisition Host and Monitoring computers running the VMS operating systems, to UNIX based computers of various flavors. We report on software for Online Event Distribution from VAXONLINE and PANDA, integration of Message Reporting Facilities, and a framework under UNIX for experiments to monitor and view the raw event data produced at any level in their DA system. We have developed software that allows host UNIX computers to communicate with intelligent front-end embedded read-out controllers and processor boards running the pSOS operating system. Both RS-232 and Ethernet control paths are supported. This enables calibration and hardware monitoring applications to be migrated to these platforms. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Oleynik, G.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (ORIES) site workstation information packet for OREIS V1.2. Environmental Restoration Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The OREIS site workstation information packet was developed to accompany the OREIS site workstations, which are being delivered to the Environmental Restoration programs at the five DOE-OR sites. The packet is written specifically for the Site ER program staff at each of the five Sites who have been designated the OREIS contact by their ER program manager, and is not intended for general distribution. The packet provides an overview of the components of OREIS, points to more detailed information provided in the accompanying vendor and OREIS developed manuals, and includes information on training opportunities and user support.

Voorhees, L.D.; McCord, R.A.; Durfee, R.C.; Land, M.L.; Olson, R.J.; Palmer, M.R.; Thomas, J.K.; Tinnel, E.P.; Zygmunt, B.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Transmission Line Workstation - Generation 2 (TLW-Gen2) v1.2: HVDC Electrical Effects - Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a complete rewrite of the platform supporting the Transmission Line Workstation. The result is to provide a common platform to share data and support tools between existing and future T&S software. This release adds Vibration and OpenDSS Fault calculations to the initial TFlash and ACDC line ...

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

clustering free  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. clustering free. (definition). Definition: When a collision resolution scheme spreads out entries in a hash table. ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

42

Simultaneous clustering: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although most of the clustering literature focuses on onesided clustering algorithms, simultaneous clustering has recently gained attention as a powerful tool that allows to circumvent some limitations of classical clustering approach. Simultaneous clustering ... Keywords: biclusters, block clustering, simultaneous clustering

Malika Charrad; Mohamed Ben Ahmed

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

CLUSTER CHEMISTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 11 Wiley Huetterties and C. M.Submitted to the Journal of Organometallic ChemistryCLUSTER CHEMISTRY Earl L. Muetterties TWO-WEEK LOAN COPY May

Muetterties, Earl L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cluster generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein is an apparatus and a method for producing atom clusters based on a gas discharge within a hollow cathode. The hollow cathode includes one or more walls. The one or more walls define a sputtering chamber within the hollow cathode and include a material to be sputtered. A hollow anode is positioned at an end of the sputtering chamber, and atom clusters are formed when a gas discharge is generated between the hollow anode and the hollow cathode.

Donchev, Todor I. (Urbana, IL); Petrov, Ivan G. (Champaign, IL)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

Los Alamos National Laboratory's high-performance data system  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory is designing a High-Performance Data System (HPDS) that will provide storage for supercomputers requiring large files and fast transfer speeds. The HPDS will meet the performance requirements by managing data transfers from high-speed storage systems connected directly to a high-speed network. File and storage management software will be distributed in workstations. Network protocols will ensure reliable, wide-area network data delivery to support long-distance distributed processing. 3 refs., 2 figs.

Mercier, C.; Chorn, G.; Christman, R.; Collins, B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Data clustering: a review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is the unsupervised classification of patterns (observations, data items, or feature vectors) into groups (clusters). The clustering problem has been addressed in many contexts and by researchers in many disciplines; this reflects its broad ... Keywords: cluster analysis, clustering applications, exploratory data analysis, incremental clustering, similarity indices, unsupervised learning

A. K. Jain; M. N. Murty; P. J. Flynn

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Transmission Line Workstation - Generation 2 (TLW-Gen2) v1.2: Single-Conductor Aeolian Vibration Design and Control Module  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a complete rewrite of the platform supporting the Transmission Line Workstation.  The result is to provide a common platform to share data and support tools between existing and future T&S software.  This release adds Vibration and OpenDSS Fault calculations to the initial TFlash and ACDC line calculations.Benefits & Value:•           Simplified data input by sharing between ...

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

ComputerCluster ? FCW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNMS Computer Cluster This page describes the CNMS Computational Cluster, how to access it, and how to use it. (16 August 2010) N.B. The latest block of the CNMS Computer Cluster...

49

Cluster Compatibility Mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Compatibility Mode Cluster Compatibility Mode Edison compute nodes run a stripped down Linux operating system called Compute Node Linux (CNL). Some standard Linux services,...

50

Large Data Visualization on Distributed Memory Mulit-GPU Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data sets of immense size are regularly generated on large scale computing resources. Even among more traditional methods for acquisition of volume data, such as MRI and CT scanners, data which is too large to be effectively visualization on standard workstations is now commonplace. One solution to this problem is to employ a 'visualization cluster,' a small to medium scale cluster dedicated to performing visualization and analysis of massive data sets generated on larger scale supercomputers. These clusters are designed to fit a different need than traditional supercomputers, and therefore their design mandates different hardware choices, such as increased memory, and more recently, graphics processing units (GPUs). While there has been much previous work on distributed memory visualization as well as GPU visualization, there is a relative dearth of algorithms which effectively use GPUs at a large scale in a distributed memory environment. In this work, we study a common visualization technique in a GPU-accelerated, distributed memory setting, and present performance characteristics when scaling to extremely large data sets.

Childs, Henry R.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

CLUSTERING BY HYPERBOLIC SMOOTHING Cluster analysis ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2007 ... The numerical experiments were car- ried out on a Pentium IV PC ..... Design of hybrids for minimum sum-of-squares clustering problem.

52

A penalized fuzzy clustering algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a penalized inter-cluster separation (PICS) fuzzy clustering algorithm by adding a penalty term to the inter-cluster separation (ICS) algorithm. Numerical comparisons are made for several fuzzy clustering algorithms according ... Keywords: fuzzy c-means (FCM), fuzzy clustering, image segmentation, inter-cluster separation (ICS), magnetic resonance image (MRI), penalized ICS

Miin-Shen Yang; Wen-Liang Hung; Chia-Hsuan Chang

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Document clustering with committees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Document clustering is useful in many information retrieval tasks: document browsing, organization and viewing of retrieval results, generation of Yahoo-like hierarchies of documents, etc. The general goal of clustering is to group data elements such that the intra-group similarities are high and the inter-group similarities are low. We present a clustering algorithm called CBC (Clustering By Committee) that is shown to produce higher quality clusters in document clustering tasks as compared to several well known clustering algorithms. It initially discovers a set of tight clusters (high intra-group similarity), called committees, that are well scattered in the similarity space (low inter-group similarity). The union of the committees is but a subset of all elements. The algorithm proceeds by assigning elements to their most similar committee. Evaluating cluster quality has always been a difficult task. We present a new evaluation methodology that is based on the editing distance between output clusters and manually constructed classes (the answer key). This evaluation measure is more intuitive and easier to interpret than previous evaluation measures.

Patrick Pantel; Dekang Lin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Electron: Cluster interactions  

SciTech Connect

Beam depletion spectroscopy has been used to measure absolute total inelastic electron-sodium cluster collision cross sections in the energy range from E {approximately} 0.1 to E {approximately} 6 eV. The investigation focused on the closed shell clusters Na{sub 8}, Na{sub 20}, Na{sub 40}. The measured cross sections show an increase for the lowest collision energies where electron attachment is the primary scattering channel. The electron attachment cross section can be understood in terms of Langevin scattering, connecting this measurement with the polarizability of the cluster. For energies above the dissociation energy the measured electron-cluster cross section is energy independent, thus defining an electron-cluster interaction range. This interaction range increases with the cluster size.

Scheidemann, A.A. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Kresin, V.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Knight, W.D. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 - Hours after a disaster declaration by Los Alamos County, Los Alamos National Laboratory officials on Friday described "millions" of dollars in damage to environmental...

56

Cold cluster ferromagnetism  

SciTech Connect

We examine the magnetic moment distribution of ferromagnetic clusters under conditions where the magnetic moment is aligned with the internal cluster axis. Analytic expressions are obtained for the moment distribution and the adiabatic average moment induced in low fields. The result differs from the low-field Langevin function by a factor 2/3.

Bertsch, G.F. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory; Yabana, K. [Niigata Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

57

Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture are described. In one aspect, a document clustering method includes providing a document set comprising a plurality of documents, providing a cluster comprising a subset of the documents of the document set, using a plurality of terms of the documents, providing a cluster label indicative of subject matter content of the documents of the cluster, wherein the cluster label comprises a plurality of word senses, and selecting one of the word senses of the cluster label.

Sanfilippo, Antonio (Richland, WA); Calapristi, Augustin J. (West Richland, WA); Crow, Vernon L. (Richland, WA); Hetzler, Elizabeth G. (Kennewick, WA); Turner, Alan E. (Kennewick, WA)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

58

Cool Cluster Correctly Correlated  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic clusters are unique objects, which occupy an intermediate position between atoms and condensed matter systems. For a long time it was thought that physical and chemical properties of atomic dusters monotonically change with increasing size of the cluster from a single atom to a condensed matter system. However, recently it has become clear that many properties of atomic clusters can change drastically with the size of the clusters. Because physical and chemical properties of clusters can be adjusted simply by changing the cluster's size, different applications of atomic clusters were proposed. One example is the catalytic activity of clusters of specific sizes in different chemical reactions. Another example is a potential application of atomic clusters in microelectronics, where their band gaps can be adjusted by simply changing cluster sizes. In recent years significant advances in experimental techniques allow one to synthesize and study atomic clusters of specified sizes. However, the interpretation of the results is often difficult. The theoretical methods are frequently used to help in interpretation of complex experimental data. Most of the theoretical approaches have been based on empirical or semiempirical methods. These methods allow one to study large and small dusters using the same approximations. However, since empirical and semiempirical methods rely on simple models with many parameters, it is often difficult to estimate the quantitative and even qualitative accuracy of the results. On the other hand, because of significant advances in quantum chemical methods and computer capabilities, it is now possible to do high quality ab-initio calculations not only on systems of few atoms but on clusters of practical interest as well. In addition to accurate results for specific clusters, such methods can be used for benchmarking of different empirical and semiempirical approaches. The atomic clusters studied in this work contain from a few atoms to tens of atoms. Therefore, they are quantum objects. Some qualitative information about the geometries of such clusters can be obtained with classical empirical methods, for example geometry optimization using an empirical Lennard-Jones potential. However, to predict their accurate geometries and other physical and chemical properties it is necessary to solve a Schroedinger equation. If one is not interested in dynamics of clusters it is enough to solve the stationary (time-independent) Schroedinger equation (H{Phi}=E{Phi}). This equation represents a multidimensional eigenvalue problem. The solution of the Schroedinger equation is a set of eigenvectors (wave functions) and their eigenvalues (energies). The lowest energy solution (wave function) corresponds to the ground state of the cluster. The other solutions correspond to excited states. The wave function gives all information about the quantum state of the cluster and can be used to calculate different physical and chemical properties, such as photoelectron, X-ray, NMR, EPR spectra, dipole moment, polarizability etc. The dimensionality of the Schroedinger equation is determined by the number of particles (nuclei and electrons) in the cluster. The analytic solution is only known for a two particle problem. In order to solve the equation for clusters of interest it is necessary to make a number of approximations and use numerical methods.

Sergey Aleksandrovich Varganov

2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

Partition selection approach for hierarchical clustering based on clustering ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical clustering algorithms are widely used in many fields of investigation. They provide a hierarchy of partitions of the same dataset. However, in many practical problems, the selection of a representative level (partition) in the hierarchy ... Keywords: cluster validity index, clustering ensemble, hierarchical clustering, partition selection

Sandro Vega-Pons; José Ruiz-Shulcloper

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Exploring Beowulf clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beowulf clusters provide the computational power of parallel programming at minimal cost, making this technology available to small colleges and individual labs. In this paper, we explore the construction and programming of four distinct varieties of ...

Marsha Meredith; Teresa Carrigan; James Brockman; Timothy Cloninger; Jaroslav Privoznik; Jeffery Williams

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Clusters and entrepreneurship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the role of regional clusters in regional entrepreneurship. We focus on the distinct influences of convergence and agglomeration on growth in the number of start-up firms as well as in employment in ...

Delgado, Mercedes

62

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to 150 million over five years LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 14, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory has awarded a master task order agreement in which three small businesses will...

63

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to 400 million over five years LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 23, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory has awarded master task order agreements to three small businesses for environmental...

64

Los Alamos: Sitemap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transfer | Community | Education Programs | Fellows Program History | Life at Los Alamos | National Security | News | Postdocs | Research Library | Strategic Science LANL...

65

Clusters in Light Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of research work has been undertaken in the alpha-clustering study since the pioneering discovery, half a century ago, of 12C+12C molecular resonances. Our knowledge of the field of the physics of nuclear molecules has increased considerably and nuclear clustering remains one of the most fruitful domains of nuclear physics, facing some of the greatest challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. In this work, the occurence of "exotic" shapes in light N=Z alpha-like nuclei is investigated. Various approaches of superdeformed and hyperdeformed bands associated with quasimolecular resonant structures are presented. Results on clustering aspects are also discussed for light neutron-rich Oxygen isotopes.

C. Beck; P. Papka; A. Sanchez i Zafra; S. Thummerer; F. Azaiez; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; D. Curien; O. Dorvaux; A. Goasduff; D. Lebhertz; A. Nourreddine; M. Rousseau; M. -D. Salsac; W. von Oertzen; B. Gebauer; C. Wheldon; Tz. Kokalova; G. Efimov; V. Zherebchevsky; Ch. Schulz; H. G. Bohlen; D. Kamanin; G. de Angelis; A. Gadea; S. Lenzi; D. R. Napoli; S. Szilner; M. Milin; W. N. Catford; D. G. Jenkins; G. Royer

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Efficiently Clustering Documents with Committees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The general goal of clustering is to group data elements such that the intragroup similarities are high and the inter-group similarities are low. We present a clustering algorithm called CBC (Clustering By Committee) that is shown to produce higher quality clusters in document clustering tasks as compared to several well known clustering algorithms. It initially discovers a set of tight clusters (high intra-group similarity), called committees, that are well scattered in the similarity space (low inter-group similarity). The union of the committees is but a subset of all elements. The algorithm proceeds by assigning elements to their most similar committee. Evaluating cluster quality has always been a difficult task. We present a new evaluation methodology based on the editing distance between output clusters and manually constructed classes (the answer key). This evaluation measure is more intuitive and easier to interpret than previous evaluation measures. 1

Patrick Pantel; Dekang Lin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Charged Metallic Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually in Nuclear Physics the minimum of the liquid drop model (LDM) energy occurs at a mass asymmetry which is different from the minimum of shell correction. Charged metallic clusters are ideal emitters of singly ionized trimers because both LDM and shell correction are reaching a minimum for the same mass asymmetry corresponding to the emission of a charged particle with two delocalized electrons. Maximum dissociation energy (Q-value) is obtained for metallic clusters with high surface tension and low Wigner-Seitz radius (transition metals). The Q-values for spheroidal shapes are much larger than for hemispheroids.

Poenaru, D. N.; Gherghescu, R. A. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Solov'yov, A. V.; Greiner, W. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

Process Plan Expression, Generation, And Enhancement For The Vertical Workstation Milling Machine In The Automated Manufacturing Research Facility At The National Bureau Of Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ion of Problem-Solving Knowledge" [NAU]. 2.2. AMRF Standard for Process Plans The Process Planning Project has developed a standard protocol for expressing process plans in the AMRF. The standard is described in the paper "Process Plan File Format" by Dr. Ray and Mr. McLean [RA&M]. The AMRF standard is applicable to all levels of the AMRF control hierarchy (cell, workstation and equipment). The standard is given in BNF notation. VWS Milling Machine Process Planning - 7 - The standard prescribes both overall form and notation for expressing the plan. A description of the standard, as it applies to the VWS milling machine, is given below. This paper is not intended to prescribe how the standard applies to any part of the AMRF, but only to describe how it has been implemented for the VWS milling machine. Readers are referred to "Process Plan File Format" and to other papers of the Process Planning Project for prescriptive material. In order that the same format may be used for all parts...

Dr Thomas Kramer

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

FUEL ROD CLUSTERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cluster of nuclear fuel rods and a tubular casing therefor through which a coolant flows in heat-exchange contact with the fuel rods is described. The fuel rcds are held in the casing by virtue of the compressive force exerted between longitudinal ribs of the fuel rcds and internal ribs of the casing or the internal surfaces thereof.

Schultz, A.B.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Nuclear Cluster Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive power of theory needs good models and accurate calculation methods to solve the Schroedinger equations of the systems concerned. We present some examples of successful predictions based on the nuclear cluster models of light nuclei and hypernuclei and on the calculation methods that have been developed by Kyushu group.

Kamimura, Masayasu [RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

71

WISE-cluster: clustering e-commerce search engines automatically  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new approach to automatically clustering e-commerce search engines (ESEs) on the Web such that ESEs in the same cluster sell similar products. This allows an e-commerce metasearch engine (comparison shopping system) to be ... Keywords: document clustering, search engine categorization

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sixty-five New Mexico students receive Sixty-five New Mexico students receive Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund scholarships May 1, 2012 - 2 - Scholarship campaign begins today for 2013 scholarship awards LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 1, 2012-Sixty-five students from seven Northern New Mexico counties are recipients of Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund scholarships, funded through more than $500,000 in donations from Los Alamos National Laboratory employees and the company that manages the Laboratory. Los Alamos High School senior Scott Carlsten received the top award, the platinum scholarship, which provides $7,500 in financial assistance annually for four years. "I'm very grateful to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Foundation and LANL employees who contributed to make this award possible," said Carlsten. "Being notified

73

The Assembly of Galaxy Clusters  

SciTech Connect

We study the formation of fifty-three galaxy cluster-size dark matter halos (M = 10{sup 14.0-14.76} M{sub {circle_dot}}) formed within a pair of cosmological {Lambda}CDM N-body simulations, and track the accretion histories of cluster subhalos with masses large enough to host {approx} 0.1L{sub *} galaxies. By associating subhalos with cluster galaxies, we find the majority of galaxies in clusters experience no 'pre-processing' in the group environment prior to their accretion into the cluster. On average, {approx} 70% of cluster galaxies fall into the cluster potential directly from the field, with no luminous companions in their host halos at the time of accretion; and less than {approx} 12% are accreted as members of groups with five or more galaxies. Moreover, we find that cluster galaxies are significantly less likely to have experienced a merger in the recent past ({approx}< 6 Gyr) than a field halo of the same mass. These results suggest that local, cluster processes like ram-pressure stripping, galaxy harassment, or strangulation play the dominant role in explaining the difference between cluster and field populations at a fixed stellar mass; and that pre-evolution or past merging in the group environment is of secondary importance for setting cluster galaxy properties for most clusters. The accretion times for z = 0 cluster members are quite extended, with {approx} 20% incorporated into the cluster halo more than 7 Gyr ago and {approx} 20% within the last 2 Gyr. By comparing the observed morphological fractions in cluster and field populations, we estimate an approximate time-scale for late-type to early-type transformation within the cluster environment to be {approx} 6 Gyr.

Berrier, Joel C.; Stewart, Kyle R.; Bullock, James S.; Purcell, Chris W.; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Wechsler, Risa H.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

74

Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification Dong Nguyen Human Media Interaction University of Twente d.nguyen@utwente.nl ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

75

Living in Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Website History & Science Bradbury Science Museum Historical Society Transportation Atomic City Transit LANL Taxi Service (internal) Los Alamos County Airport NMDOT Park &...

76

The Assembly of Galaxy Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the formation of fifty-three galaxy cluster-size dark matter halos (M = 10{sup 14.0-14.76} M{sub {circle_dot}}) formed within a pair of cosmological {Lambda}CDM N-body simulations, and track the accretion histories of cluster subhalos with masses large enough to host {approx} 0.1L{sub *} galaxies. By associating subhalos with cluster galaxies, we find the majority of galaxies in clusters experience no 'pre-processing' in the group environment prior to their accretion into the cluster. On average, {approx} 70% of cluster galaxies fall into the cluster potential directly from the field, with no luminous companions in their host halos at the time of accretion; and less than {approx} 12% are accreted as members of groups with five or more galaxies. Moreover, we find that cluster galaxies are significantly less likely to have experienced a merger in the recent past ({approx}ram-pressure stripping, galaxy harassment, or strangulation play the dominant role in explaining the difference between cluster and field populations at a fixed stellar mass; and that pre-evolution or past merging in the group environment is of secondary importance for setting cluster galaxy properties for most clusters. The accretion times for z = 0 cluster members are quite extended, with {approx} 20% incorporated into the cluster halo more than 7 Gyr ago and {approx} 20% within the last 2 Gyr. By comparing the observed morphological fractions in cluster and field populations, we estimate an approximate time-scale for late-type to early-type transformation within the cluster environment to be {approx} 6 Gyr.

Berrier, Joel C.; Stewart, Kyle R.; Bullock, James S.; Purcell, Chris W.; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Wechsler, Risa H.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

77

Cluster-Impact Fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report considers the theoretical interpretation of cluster-impact fusion (CIF). The proton energy spectrum of CIF shows it to be hot fusion on a microscopic atomic scale. The temperature of the reaction can be determined by the Doppler-like broadening of the 3.025 MeV proton line. The spectrum also indicates that the high temperature results from a one-dimensional rather than a three-dimensional velocity distribution.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Globular Cluster Distance Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present status of the distance scale to Galactic globular clusters is reviewed. Six distance determination techniques which are deemed to be most reliable are discussed in depth. These different techniques are used to calibrate the absolute magnitude of the RR Lyrae stars. The various calibrations fall into three groups. Main sequence fitting using Hipparcos parallaxes, theoretical HB models and the RR Lyrae in the LMC all favor a bright calibration, implying a `long' globular cluster distance scale. White dwarf fitting and the astrometric distances yield a somewhat fainter RR Lyrae calibration, while the statistical parallax solution yields faint RR Lyrae stars implying a `short' distance scale to globular clusters. Various secondary distance indicators discussed all favor the long distance scale. The `long' and `short' distance scales differ by (0.31+/-0.16) mag. Averaging together all of the different distance determinations yields Mv(RR) = (0.23+/-0.04)([Fe/H] + 1.6) + (0.56+/-0.12) mag.

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

79

White Dwarfs in Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review empirical and theoretical findings concerning white dwarfs in Galactic globular clusters. Since their detection is a critical issue we describe in detail the various efforts to find white dwarfs in globular clusters. We then outline the advantages of using cluster white dwarfs to investigate the formation and evolution of white dwarfs and concentrate on evolutionary channels that appear to be unique to globular clusters. We also discuss the usefulness of globular cluster white dwarfs to provide independent information on the distances and ages of globular clusters, information that is very important far beyond the immediate field of white dwarf research. Finally, we mention possible future avenues concerning globular cluster white dwarfs, like the study of strange quark matter or plasma neutrinos.

S. Moehler; G. Bono

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

80

Measuring Cluster Relaxedness  

SciTech Connect

When is a dark matter halo 'relaxed'? In our efforts to understand the structure of the universe, dark matter simulations have provided essential grounds for theoretical predictions. These simulations provide a wealth of ways of parameterizing and measuring the features of astronomical objects. It is these measurements on which we base comparisons of our world and our attempts to re-create it. One of the essential questions dark matter simulations help address is how dark matter halos evolve. How does one characterize different states of that evolution? The focus of this project is identifying cluster relaxedness and how it relates to the internal structure of the halo. A dark matter simulation consists of an N-body simulation which takes an initial set of positions and velocities of the dark matter particles and evolves them under the influence of gravity [6]. Though scientists have so far not been able to detect dark matter particles, the information from these simulations is still valuable especially given the relationship between dark matter halos and galaxy clusters. Galaxies sit within dark matter halos and recent evidence points to filaments of dark matter forming the framework on which galaxy clusters grow [7]. A dark matter halo is a collapsed group of gravitationally bound dark matter particles. Subsets of bound particles form subhalos or substructures. The dark matter simulation is carried out over time - with decreasing redshift (z) or increasing scale factor (a = 1/1+z ). (Thus, z = 0 or a = 1.0 is present-day.) The merger history of a halo can be represented pictorally by a merger tree. A major merger event occurs when a structure joins the main halo with the mass ratio between it and the main halo being above a certain threshold. These events mark important points in the halo's evolution. And it is at these events that one hopes, and perhaps is more likely, to relate measures of relaxedness to this mass accretion. Cluster relaxedness is not a well-defined concept. Rather a set of qualities are defined that one expects a 'relaxed' cluster to have. One expects a relaxed halo to have a roughly isotropic density distribution. Most of the particles should be part of the main halo rather than bound in substructures. Taking into account kinematic information of the halo, one does not expect a proportion of the particles energy in kinetic energy that goes far beyond virial equilibrium. With our measures of cluster relaxedness, we want to investigate its relationship to these major merger events. We'll first look at how measurements of different aspects of relaxedness relate to each other and to other aspects of a halo's internal structure. We'll then look at how these measurements behave in response to major mergers.

Moreland, Blythe; /Michigan U. /SLAC

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

remembers former director Harold remembers former director Harold Agnew September 30, 2013 Manhattan Project pioneer was LANL director from 1970-1979 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 30, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan today remembered Harold Agnew as a national treasure who transformed the Laboratory into what it is in the 21st century. "His contributions to the Laboratory made us the institution we are today," McMillan said. "It was his vision - decades ago - that recognized that national security science - 2 - brings value to a broad spectrum of breakthroughs. Los Alamos and the nation will be forever in Harold's debt." Agnew died at home on Sunday, Sept. 29, his family announced. He was the third director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, succeeding Robert

82

Around Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

first atomic bomb components were assembled. Don't want to walk? Book a van tour of the Atomic City. Explore the natural history of Los Alamos (rocks, fossils, plants, birds,...

83

Community detection using spectral clustering on sparse geosocial data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we identify social communities among gang members in the Hollenbeck policing district in Los Angeles, based on sparse observations of a combination of social interactions and geographic locations of the individuals. This information, coming from LAPD Field Interview cards, is used to construct a similarity graph for the individuals. We use spectral clustering to identify clusters in the graph, corresponding to communities in Hollenbeck, and compare these with the LAPD's knowledge of the individuals' gang membership. We discuss different ways of encoding the geosocial information using a graph structure and the influence on the resulting clusterings. Finally we analyze the robustness of this technique with respect to noisy and incomplete data, thereby providing suggestions about the relative importance of quantity versus quality of collected data.

van Gennip, Yves; Ahn, Raymond; Elliott, Peter; Luh, Kyle; Halvorson, Megan; Reid, Shannon; Valasik, Matt; Wo, James; Tita, George E; Bertozzi, Andrea L; Brantingham, P Jeffrey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Are Earthquake Magnitudes Clustered?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of earthquake predictability is a long-standing and important challenge. Recent results [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 098501 (2007); ibid.100, 038501 (2008)] have suggested that earthquake magnitudes are clustered, thus indicating that they are not independent in contrast to what is typically assumed. Here, we present evidence that the observed magnitude correlations are to a large extent, if not entirely, an artifact due to the incompleteness of earthquake catalogs and the well-known modified Omori law. The latter leads to variations in the frequency-magnitude distribution if the distribution is constrained to those earthquakes that are close in space and time to the directly following event.

Davidsen, Joern; Green, Adam [Complexity Science Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

85

Two-Cluster Distribution Functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Distribution Functions New New: Green's function Monte Carlo results We have computed momentum distributions and configuration space overlaps in a number of systems,...

86

SIZES OF GALACTIC GLOBULAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

A study is made of deviations from the mean power-law relationship between the Galactocentric distances and the half-light radii of Galactic globular clusters. Surprisingly, deviations from the mean R{sub h} versus R{sub gc} relationship do not appear to correlate with cluster luminosity, cluster metallicity, or horizontal-branch morphology. Differences in orbit shape are found to contribute to the scatter in the R{sub h} versus R{sub gc} relationship of Galactic globular clusters.

Van den Bergh, Sidney, E-mail: sidney.vandenbergh@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca [Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7 (Canada)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

87

Los Alamos Postdoc Association  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Association Association Los Alamos Postdoc Association Fostering a sense of community, advocating for the postdoctoral community, and providing career development information. Contact Postdoc Program Office Email Postdocs are not only the future of science, but specifically, the future of LANL. Making the life of LANL postdocs more fulfilling socially, professionally LAPA logo The Los Alamos Postdoc Association (LAPA) at Los Alamos National Laboratory fosters a sense of community among the postdoctoral research staff; advocates for the postdoctoral community; and provides career development information to LANL postdocs. To ensure that the future of each postdoc is a bright one, LAPA works to make the life of the LANL postdoc more fulfilling both socially and, more importantly, professionally.

88

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

announces Express Licensing program announces Express Licensing program August 1, 2013 Streamlined procedure speeds business access to new technology LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 1, 2013-With the launch of a new "Express Licensing" program, access to innovative technology invented at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has gotten easier. The new licensing alternative was announced today by David Pesiri, director of LANL's Technology Transfer Division. "The Express License program offers an additional licensing resource for local entrepreneurs as well as national collaborators," Pesiri said. "Our licensing and software teams have worked very hard to offer this specialized model for those wanting to quickly license Los Alamos technology." - 2 - The Express Licensing program at LANL is the first of several new initiatives under

89

Query clustering using user logs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Query clustering is a process used to discover frequently asked questions or most popular topics on a search engine. This process is crucial for search engines based on question-answering. Because of the short lengths of queries, approaches based on ... Keywords: Query clustering, search engine, user log, web data mining

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Clustering in massive data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the time and storage costs of search and clustering algorithms. We exemplify these, based on case-studies in astronomy, information retrieval, visual user interfaces, chemical databases, and other areas. Theoretical results developed as far ... Keywords: clustering, massive data sets

Fionn Murtagh

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Antibody-gold cluster conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Antibody- or antibody fragment-gold cluster conjugates are shown wherein the conjugate size can be about 5.0 nm. Methods and reagents are disclosed in which antibodies or Fab' fragments thereof are covalently bound to a stable cluster of gold atoms. 2 figs.

Hainfeld, J.F.

1988-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

92

Pose-Based Clustering in Action Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for automatically extracting key frames from an image sequence. The sequence is divided into clusters of frames with similar appearance, and the most central frame in each cluster defines a key frame. Clustering is done using ...

Gareth Loy; Josephine Sullivan; Stefan Carlsson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

On challenges in evaluating malware clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malware clustering and classification are important tools that enable analysts to prioritize their malware analysis efforts. The recent emergence of fully automated methods for malware clustering and classification that report high accuracy suggests ... Keywords: malware clustering and classification, plagiarism detection

Peng Li; Limin Liu; Debin Gao; Michael K. Reiter

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy SHARE Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy As the nation's premier research laboratory, ORNL is one of the world's most capable resources...

95

CX-004223: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23: Categorical Exclusion Determination 23: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004223: Categorical Exclusion Determination Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Gateway - Installation and Operation of Computer Workstation Cluster, Los Alamos National Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/19/2010 Location(s): New Mexico Office(s): Sandia Site Office Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to install a modern computer workstation cluster, which would provide the necessary advanced computational capability for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) research center. The machine would be used by users and scientists of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) CINT complex, which includes SNL/NM and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The workstation cluster would be physically installed and operated in the CINT Gateway to

96

Dust cluster explosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for the dust cluster explosion where micron/sub-micron sized particles are accelerated at the expense of plasma thermal energy, in the afterglow phase of a complex plasma discharge is proposed. The model is tested by molecular dynamics simulations of dust particles in a confining potential. The nature of the explosion (caused by switching off the discharge) and the concomitant dust acceleration is found to depend critically on the pressure of the background neutral gas. At low gas pressure, the explosion is due to unshielded Coulomb repulsion between dust particles and yields maximum acceleration, while in the high pressure regime it is due to shielded Yukawa repulsion and yields much feebler acceleration. These results are in agreement with experimental findings. Our simulations also confirm a recently proposed electrostatic (ES) isothermal scaling relation, P{sub E}{proportional_to}V{sub d}{sup -2} (where P{sub E} is the ES pressure of the dust particles and V{sub d} is the confining volume).

Saxena, Vikrant [School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India); Avinash, K. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi (India); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

employees receive Pollution Prevention employees receive Pollution Prevention Awards April 23, 2013 Protecting environment, saving taxpayer dollars LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 23, 2013-Nearly 400 Los Alamos National Laboratory employees on 47 teams received Pollution Prevention awards for protecting the environment and saving taxpayers more than $8 million. The employees were recognized at the Laboratory's annual Pollution Prevention Awards ceremony on Monday (April 22), Earth Day. "The Pollution Prevention Awards are the result of people taking the initiative to improve their own operations," said Pat Gallagher of the Laboratory's Environmental - 2 - Stewardship group. "These are clever, innovative, homegrown and home-owned ideas that save the Laboratory and taxpayers millions of dollars each year while reducing

98

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 14, 2013 May 14, 2013 Value of up to $150 million over five years LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 14, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory has awarded a master task order agreement in which three small businesses will compete for environmental work worth up to $150 million over five years. The businesses each have offices in northern New Mexico. The agreement is for technical services for the Laboratory's Environmental Programs directorate and includes work such as environmental engineering design, regulatory support, risk assessment and reporting. - 2 - The companies chosen are Terranear PMC, Navarro Research and Engineering, Inc., and Adelante Consulting, Inc. The agreement is for three years with two additional one- year options. Task orders under this agreement will be competitively bid among the

99

Clusters and the Cosmic Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the intimate relationship between the filamentary features and the rare dense compact cluster nodes in this network, via the large scale tidal field going along with them, following the cosmic web theory developed Bond et al. The Megaparsec scale tidal shear pattern is responsible for the contraction of matter into filaments, and its link with the cluster locations can be understood through the implied quadrupolar mass distribution in which the clusters are to be found at the sites of the overdense patches. We present a new technique for tracing the cosmic web, identifying planar walls, elongated filaments and cluster nodes in the galaxy distribution. This will allow the practical exploitation of the concept of the cosmic web towards identifying and tracing the locations of the gaseous WHIM. These methods, the Delaunay Tessellation Field Estimator (DTFE) and the Morphology Multiscale Filter (MMF) find their basis in computational geometry and visualization.

Rien van de Weygaert

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

Los Alamos Lab: High-Performance Computing: Roadrunner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Performance Computing, HPC High-Performance Computing, HPC Home HPC-1 HPC-2 HPC-3 HPC-5 Contacts HPC Division Leader Gary Grider (acting) Deputy Division Leader Randal Rheinheimer (acting) Chief of Staf Angelina Trujillo HPC Division Office MS B260 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-6164 Header Luna LUNA Joins LANL Supercomputers The Appro Xtreme-X(tm) Supercomputer was selected as part of the second Tri-Lab Linux Capacity Cluster (TLCC2) program to add 6 petaFlop/s to the computer power of the Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The Los Alamos computer is named Luna (moon) in keeping with its predecessor Cielo (sky), honoring New Mexico's Spanish heritage. These supercomputers are in use by the three national laboratories in NNSA's Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program: Lawrence Livermore (LLNL), Los Alamos (LANL) and Sandia (SNL).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Navigating massive data sets via local clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a scalable method for feature extraction and navigation of large data sets by means of local clustering, where clusters are modeled as overlapping neighborhoods. Under the model, intra-cluster association and external differentiation ... Keywords: association, confidence, nearest neighbor, soft clustering

Michael E. Houle

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Automatic decentralized clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a decentralized algorithm for organizing an ad hoc sensor network into clusters. Each sensor uses a random waiting timer and local criteria to determine whether to form a new cluster or to join a current cluster. The algorithm operates without ... Keywords: clustering algorithm, random waiting timer, wireless sensor networks

Chih-Yu Wen; William A. Sethares

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Nature Climate Change features Los  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research February 27, 2013 New print edition of journal tags tree-stress project for cover story LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 27,...

104

Internal dynamics of the massive cluster Abell 697: a multiwavelength analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conduct an intensive study of the rich, X-ray luminous, and hot galaxy cluster Abell 697 (at z=0.282), likely containing a diffuse radio emission, to determine its dynamical status. Our analysis is based on new spectroscopic data obtained at the TNG telescope for 93 galaxies and on new photometric data obtained at the INT telescope. We combine galaxy velocity and position information to select 68 cluster members, determine global dynamical properties, and detect possible substructures. The investigation of the dynamical status is also performed by using X-ray data stored in the Chandra archive. We compute the line-of-sight (LOS) velocity dispersion of galaxies, sigma_v=1334 km s^-1, in agreement with the high average X-ray temperature T_X=10.2 keV recovered from Chandra data. Assuming that the cluster is in dynamical equilibrium and mass follows the galaxy distribution, we find that A697 is a very massive cluster obtaining M(investigations find that A697 is not fully relaxed, as shown by the non Gaussianity of the velocity distribution, the elongation of the X-ray emission, and the presence of small-size substructures in the central region. Our results suggest that we are looking at a cluster undergone to a complex cluster merger occurring roughly mainly along the LOS, with a transverse component in the SSE-NNW direction. Our study supports the hypothesis of a relation between extended radio emission and merging phenomena.

M. Girardi; W. Boschin; R. Barrena

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

105

Upper Los Alamos Canyon Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Upper Los Alamos Canyon Cleanup Upper Los Alamos Canyon Cleanup Upper Los Alamos Canyon Cleanup The Upper Los Alamos Canyon Project involves cleaning up hazardous materials left over from some of the Laboratory's earliest activities. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Located along Los Alamos Canyon from 7th Street to the Pajarito Ski Hill, the Upper Los Alamos Canyon Project involves examining sites in present and former Laboratory technical areas to see if any further environmental cleanup actions are needed. If not, the Laboratory can apply to have these sites removed permanently from LANL's Hazardous Waste Permit, meaning that no further actions are needed at those sites. Among the 115 sites included in the Upper LA Canyon Project, 54 have been

106

Consensus clustering in complex networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The community structure of complex networks reveals both their organization and hidden relationships among their constituents. Most community detection methods currently available are not deterministic, and their results typically depend on the specific random seeds, initial conditions and tie-break rules adopted for their execution. Consensus clustering is used in data analysis to generate stable results out of a set of partitions delivered by stochastic methods. Here we show that consensus clustering can be combined with any existing method in a self-consistent way, enhancing considerably both the stability and the accuracy of the resulting partitions. This framework is also particularly suitable to monitor the evolution of community structure in temporal networks. An application of consensus clustering to a large citation network of physics papers demonstrates its capability to keep track of the birth, death and diversification of topics.

Lancichinetti, Andrea; 10.1038/srep00336

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the briefing is to describe general laboratory technical capabilities to be used for various groups such as military cadets or university faculty/students and post docs to recruit into a variety of Los Alamos programs. Discussed are: (1) development and application of high leverage science to enable effeictive, predictable and reliability outcomes; (2) deter, detect, characterize, reverse and prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their use by adversaries and terrorists; (3) modeling and simulation to define complex processes, predict outcomes, and develop effective prevention, response, and remediation strategies; (4) energetic materials and hydrodynamic testing to develop materials for precise delivery of focused energy; (5) materials cience focused on fundamental understanding of materials behaviors, their quantum-molecular properties, and their dynamic responses, and (6) bio-science to rapidly detect and characterize pathogens, to develop vaccines and prophylactic remedies, and to develop attribution forensics.

Dogliani, Harold O [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

108

Rotation invarient simultaneous clustering and dictionary learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach that simultaneously clusters database members and learns dictionaries from the clusters. The method learns dictionaries in the Radon transform domain, while clustering in the image domain. The main feature of the proposed approach is that it provides rotation invariant clustering which is useful in Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR). We demonstrate through experimental results that the proposed rotation invariant clustering provides better retrieval performance than the standard Gabor-based method that has similar objectives. Index Terms — Radon transform, rotation invariance, clustering, dictionary learning, CBIR.

Yi-chen Chen; Challa S. Sastry; Vishal M. Patel; P. Jonathon Phillips

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fast Identification of Gene Clusters in Prokaryotic Genomes ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

linear space practical complexity. The number of clusters for the data set of 12 genomes goes from 199 clusters (? = 3, ? = 2. and ? = 100) to 930 clusters (? = 2,  ...

110

Cold Fronts in CDM clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, high-resolution Chandra observations revealed the existence of very sharp features in the X-ray surface brightness and temperature maps of several clusters (Vikhlinin et. al., 2001). These features, called ``cold fronts'', are characterized by an increase in surface brightness by a factor >2 over 10-50 kpc, accompanied by a drop in temperature of a similar magnitude. The existence of such sharp gradients can be used to put interesting constraints on the physics of the intracluster medium (ICM), if their mechanism and longevity are well understood. Here, we present results of a search for cold fronts in high-resolution simulations of galaxy clusters in cold dark matter (CDM) models. We show that sharp gradients with properties similar to those of observed cold fronts naturally arise in cluster mergers when the shocks heat gas surrounding the merging sub-cluster, while its dense core remains relatively cold. The compression induced by supersonic motions and shock heating during the merger enhance the amplitude of gas density and temperature gradients across the front. Our results indicate that cold fronts are non-equilibrium transient phenomena and can be observed for a period of less than a billion years. We show that the velocity and density fields of gas surrounding the cold front can be very irregular which would complicate analyses aiming to put constraints on the physical conditions of the intracluster medium in the vicinity of the front.

Daisuke Nagai; Andrey V. Kravtsov

2002-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

111

An Improved Cluster Richness Estimator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimizing the scatter between cluster mass and accessible observables is an important goal for cluster cosmology. In this work, we introduce a new matched filter richness estimator, and test its performance using the maxBCG cluster catalog. Our new estimator significantly reduces the variance in the L{sub X}-richness relation, from {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.86 {+-} 0.02){sup 2} to {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.69 {+-} 0.02){sup 2}. Relative to the maxBCG richness estimate, it also removes the strong redshift dependence of the richness scaling relations, and is significantly more robust to photometric and redshift errors. These improvements are largely due to our more sophisticated treatment of galaxy color data. We also demonstrate the scatter in the L{sub X}-richness relation depends on the aperture used to estimate cluster richness, and introduce a novel approach for optimizing said aperture which can be easily generalized to other mass tracers.

Rozo, Eduardo; /Ohio State U.; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Koester, Benjamin P.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; McKay, Timothy; /Michigan U.; Hao, Jiangang; /Michigan U.; Evrard, August; /Michigan U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /SLAC; Hansen, Sarah; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Sheldon, Erin; /New York U.; Johnston, David; /Houston U.; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Bleem, Lindsey; /Chicago U.; Scranton, Ryan; /Pittsburgh U.

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

112

Upper Los Alamos Canyon Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

septic tanks, sanitary and industrial waste lines, storm drains, incinerators, transformer sites, and areas in which soil has been contaminated. The Upper Los Alamos Canyon...

113

Los Alamos Lab: Bioscience Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

menubar | toolbar | links | content Los Alamos National Laboratory Lab Home | Phone ABOUT LANL ContactsEvent CalendarMapsOrganizationPhonebookPolicy CenterEmergency NEWS LIBRARY...

114

Los Angeles Unified School District  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Angeles Unified School District. NVLAP Lab Code: 101505-0. Address and Contact Information: BSC Annex, Facility Services Div. Lab. 1449 So ...

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

115

Environmental Business Cluster EBC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cluster EBC Cluster EBC Jump to: navigation, search Name Environmental Business Cluster (EBC) Place San Jose, California Zip CA 95113 Product The Environmental Business Cluster is a not-for-profit incubator sponsored by major financial groups such as Citibank, and San Jose University. It has facilitated funding for 50 eco-related start-up businesses. References Environmental Business Cluster (EBC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Environmental Business Cluster (EBC) is a company located in San Jose, California . References ↑ "Environmental Business Cluster (EBC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Environmental_Business_Cluster_EBC&oldid=345024

116

Cluster Software Tools: Beauty is in Simplicity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beowulf cluster has created a lot of impact by delivering an excellent prize/performance and scalable computing systems to high performance computing community. Nevertheless, the widespread use of beowulf clusters has not happened as fast as it should ...

Putchong Uthayopas

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy SHARE Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been leading DOE's low-cost...

119

Revisiting Climate Region Definitions via Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new distance metric that enables the clustering of general climatic time series. Clustering methods have been frequently used to partition a domain of interest into distinct climatic zones. However, previous techniques ...

Robert Lund; Bo Li

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Improvements to the quantum evolutionary clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous work, a novel approach to data clustering based on quantum evolutionary algorithm has been proposed. In a comparison to other evolutionary clustering algorithms, the approach showed a high performance in terms of effectiveness and quality ...

Chafika Ramdane, Mohamed-Khireddine Kholladi

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cluster Dynamics in a Circulating Fluidized Bed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A common hydrodynamic feature in industrial scale circulating fluidized beds is the presence of clusters. The continuous formation and destruction of clusters strongly influences particle hold-up, pressure drop, heat transfer at the wall, and mixing. In this paper fiber optic data is analyzed using discrete wavelet analysis to characterize the dynamic behavior of clusters. Five radial positions at three different axial locations under five different operating were analyzed using discrete wavelets. Results are summarized with respect to cluster size and frequency.

Guenther, C.P.; Breault, R.W.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Galaxy Orientations in the Coma Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the orientations of early-type galaxies in the Coma cluster to see whether the well-established tendency for brightest cluster galaxies to share the same major axis orientation as their host cluster also extends to the rest of the galaxy population. We find no evidence of any preferential orientations of galaxies within Coma or its surroundings. The implications of this result for theories of the formation of clusters and galaxies (particularly the first-ranked members) are discussed.

Lisa Torlina; Roberto De Propris; Michael J. West

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

123

Cluster Expansion Methods - Progress and Outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Presentation Title, Cluster Expansion Methods - Progress and Outlook. Author(s), Axel van de Walle .

124

Clustering hypertext with applications to web searching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cluster annotation, feature combination, high-dimensional data, hyperlinks, sparse data, toric k-means algorithm, vector space model

Dharmendra S. Modha; W. Scott Spangler

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Los Alamos in SPACE | National Security Science Magazine | Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos in SPACE Los Alamos in SPACE Since the launches of the first man-made objects (Sputnik and Explorer 1) to orbit the Earth more than a half-century ago, thousands of spacecraft have been launched, many of those carrying Los Alamos sensors and instrumentation systems. Our journey began with the research and development of a two-decade-long nuclear rocket program, Project Rover. In the 1950s, Los Alamos scientists, building on their nuclear expertise, examined new methods for rocket propulsion into space. In December 1960, in the thick of the Cold War and during negotiation of the Limited Test Ban Treaty, the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) first met to discuss a space-based system to detect nuclear explosions in the atmosphere and space. The nation turned to Los

126

Architectural support for enhancing security in clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster computing has emerged as a common approach for providing more comput- ing and data resources in industry as well as in academia. However, since cluster computer developers have paid more attention to performance and cost e±ciency than to security, numerous security loopholes in cluster servers come to the forefront. Clusters usually rely on ¯rewalls for their security, but the ¯rewalls cannot prevent all security attacks; therefore, cluster systems should be designed to be robust to security attacks intrinsically. In this research, we propose architectural supports for enhancing security of clus- ter systems with marginal performance overhead. This research proceeds in a bottom- up fashion starting from enforcing each cluster component's security to building an integrated secure cluster. First, we propose secure cluster interconnects providing con- ¯dentiality, authentication, and availability. Second, a security accelerating network interface card architecture is proposed to enable low performance overhead encryption and authentication. Third, to enhance security in an individual cluster node, we pro- pose a secure design for shared-memory multiprocessors (SMP) architecture, which is deployed in many clusters. The secure SMP architecture will provide con¯dential communication between processors. This will remove the vulnerability of eavesdrop- ping attacks in a cluster node. Finally, to put all proposed schemes together, we propose a security/performance trade-o® model which can precisely predict performance of an integrated secure cluster.

Lee, Man Hee

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Thermal Modeling of Hybrid Storage Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a lack of thermal models for storage clusters; most existing thermal models do not take into account the utilization of hard drives (HDDs) and solid state disks (SSDs). To address this problem, we build a thermal model for hybrid storage clusters ... Keywords: Cluster, Hybrid, Model, Storage, Thermal

Xunfei Jiang; Maen M. Al Assaf; Ji Zhang; Mohammed I. Alghamdi; Xiaojun Ruan; Tausif Muzaffar; Xiao Qin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Dynamic clustering using combinatorial particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combinatorial Particle Swarm Optimization (CPSO) is a relatively recent technique for solving combinatorial optimization problems. CPSO has been used in different applications, e.g., partitional clustering and project scheduling problems, and it has ... Keywords: Combinatorial optimization problems, Combinatorial particle swarm optimization, Dynamic clustering, Partitional clustering

Hamid Masoud; Saeed Jalili; Seyed Mohammad Hasheminejad

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

CAeSaR: unified cluster-assignment scheduling and communication reuse for clustered VLIW processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustered architectures have been proposed as a solution to the scalability problem of wide ILP processors. VLIW architectures, being wide-issue by design, benefit significantly from clustering. Such architectures, being both statically scheduled and ... Keywords: cluster assignment, clustered VLIW, instruction scheduling

Vasileios Porpodas; Marcelo Cintra

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Scientists  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings LOS ALAMOS SCIENTISTS Los Alamos (Laboratory) (August 1946) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos, August 1946 Scientists attending a colloquium at Los Alamos, August 1946. Left to right, first row: Norris E. Bradbury, John H. Manley, Enrico Fermi, J. M. B. Kellogg. Second row: Robert Oppenheimer, Richard P. Feynman, Phil B. Porter. Third row: Gregory Breit (partially hidden), Arthur Hemmendinger, Arthur D. Schelberg. The photograph is courtesy Los Alamos National Laboratory. The identifications are from Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947-1952: Volume II, A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (Washington: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972), opposite page 46.

131

Novel platinum/carbon catalysts with cluster size control for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project overview - Cluster chemistry - Catalysts and supports * Experimental - Novel catalyst preparation * Results - Metal cluster size - Electrochemical properties * Summary...

132

Quantum Computation with Magnetic Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a complete, quantitative quantum computing system which satisfies the five DiVincenzo criteria. The model is based on magnetic clusters with uniaxial anisotropy, where standard, two-state qubits are formed utilizing the two lowest-lying states of an anisotropic potential energy. We outline the quantum dynamics required by quantum computing for single qubit structures, and then define a novel measurement scheme in which qubit sates can be measured by sharp changes in current as voltage across the cluster is varied. We then extend the single qubit description to multiple qubit interactions, facilitated specifically by a new entanglement method which propagates the controlled-NOT (C-NOT) quantum gate.

Daniel D. Dorroh; Serkay Olmez; Jian-Ping Wang

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

133

Tracking Rotational Diffusion of Colloidal Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel method of tracking the rotational motion of clusters of colloidal particles. Our method utilizes rigid body transfor- mations to determine the rotations of a cluster and extends conventional proven particle tracking techniques in a simple way, thus facilitating the study of rotational dynamics in systems containing or composed of colloidal clusters. We test our method by measuring dynamical properties of simulated Brownian clusters under conditions relevant to microscopy experiments. We then use the technique to track and describe the motions of a real colloidal cluster imaged with confocal microscopy.

Gary L. Hunter; Kazem V. Edmond; Mark T. Elsesser; Eric R. Weeks

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

134

Wafer Replacement Cluster Tool (Presentation);  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation on wafer replacement cluster tool discusses: (1) Platform for advanced R and D toward SAI 2015 cost goal--crystal silicon PV at area costs closer to amorphous Si PV, it's 15% efficiency, inexpensive substrate, and moderate temperature processing (<800 C); (2) Why silicon?--industrial and knowledge base, abundant and environmentally benign, market acceptance, and good efficiency; and (3) Why replace wafers?--expensive, high embedded energy content, and uses 50-100 times more silicon than needed.

Branz, H. M.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

STAR FORMATION IN DENSE CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

A model of core-clump accretion with equally likely stopping describes star formation in the dense parts of clusters, where models of isolated collapsing cores may not apply. Each core accretes at a constant rate onto its protostar, while the surrounding clump gas accretes as a power of protostar mass. Short accretion flows resemble Shu accretion and make low-mass stars. Long flows resemble reduced Bondi accretion and make massive stars. Accretion stops due to environmental processes of dynamical ejection, gravitational competition, and gas dispersal by stellar feedback, independent of initial core structure. The model matches the field star initial mass function (IMF) from 0.01 to more than 10 solar masses. The core accretion rate and the mean accretion duration set the peak of the IMF, independent of the local Jeans mass. Massive protostars require the longest accretion durations, up to 0.5 Myr. The maximum protostar luminosity in a cluster indicates the mass and age of its oldest protostar. The distribution of protostar luminosities matches those in active star-forming regions if protostars have a constant birthrate but not if their births are coeval. For constant birthrate, the ratio of young stellar objects to protostars indicates the star-forming age of a cluster, typically {approx}1 Myr. The protostar accretion luminosity is typically less than its steady spherical value by a factor of {approx}2, consistent with models of episodic disk accretion.

Myers, Philip C., E-mail: pmyers@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

136

Formation of Globular Clusters in Galaxy Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a high-resolution simulation of globular cluster formation in a galaxy merger. For the first time in such a simulation, individual star clusters are directly identified and followed on their orbits. We quantitatively compare star formation in the merger to that in the unperturbed galaxies. The merging galaxies show a strong starburst, in sharp contrast to their isolated progenitors. Most star clusters form in the tidal tails. With a mass range of $5\\times10^{5}$--$5\\times 10^{6} M_{\\odot}$, they are identified as globular clusters. The merger remnant is an elliptical galaxy. Clusters with different mass or age have different radial distributions in the galaxy. The cluster mass spectrum appears to be roughly log-normal. Our results show that the high specific frequency and bimodal distribution of metallicity observed in elliptical galaxies are natural products of gas-rich mergers, supporting a merger origin for the ellipticals and their globular cluster systems.

Li, Y; Klessen, R S; Li, Yuexing; Low, Mordecai-Mark Mac; Klessen, Ralf S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Los Alamos Lab: Los Alamos Molecular Recognition Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos Molecular Recognition Alliance: LAMRA Los Alamos Molecular Recognition Alliance: LAMRA Home About Us Partner Divisions Bioscience Division Chemistry Division International and Applied Technology Materials Physics Applications Division Theoretical Division Researchers Customize Affinity Reagents to Recognize Diseases and Biothreat Agents Novel affinity reagents are essential in the chemical and biological detection that is at the heart of the Los Alamos National Laboratory's mission in threat reduction, as well as being at the interface between many fundamental and applied Los Alamos research programs. Affinity reagent technologies at LANL are among the most advanced worldwide, with a wide range of different technologies focused on molecular recognition and the generation of affinity reagents both developed and under development. These include different affinity reagents (antibodies, fluorescent proteins, peptides, peptoids, carbohydrates, and oligonucleotides), and different selection and screening systems.

138

Los Alamos National Security, LLC partners with Los Alamos National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Bank on Las Conchas recovery challenge fund LANS has given 50,000 as seed money to establish a fund at LANB. July 28, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top...

139

Los Alamos in SPACE | National Security Science Magazine | Los...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the farthest object in the universe ever observed, thought to be a giant star. Gamma-ray bursts, also discovered by Los Alamos instruments on Vela, continue to provide deep...

140

RASS-SDSS Galaxy Cluster Survey. VI. The dependence of the cluster SFR on the cluster global properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a subsample of 79 nearby clusters from the RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster catalogue of Popesso et al. (2005a), we perform a regression analysis between the cluster integrated star formation rate (Sigma_SFR) the cluster total stellar mass (M_star), the fractions of star forming (f_SF) and blue (f_b) galaxies and other cluster global properties, namely its richness (N_gal, i.e. the total number of cluster members within the cluster virial radius), velocity dispersion (sigma_v), virial mass (M_200), and X-ray luminosity (L_X). All cluster global quantities are corrected for projection effects before the analysis. Galaxy SFRs and stellar masses are taken from the catalog of Brinchmann et al. (2004), which is based on SDSS spectra. We only consider galaxies with M_r analysis, and exclude AGNs. We find that both Sigma_SFR and M_star are correlated with all the cluster global quantities. A partial correlation analysis show that all the correlations are induced by the fundamental one between Sigma_SFR and N_gal, hence there is no evidence that the cluster properties affect the mean SFR or M_star per galaxy. The relations between Sigma_SFR and M_star, on one side, and both N_gal and M_200, on the other side, are linear, i.e. we see no evidence that different clusters have different SFR or different M_star per galaxy and per unit mass. The fraction f_SF does not depend on any cluster property considered, while f_b does depend on L_X. We note that a significant fraction of star-forming cluster galaxies are red (~25% of the whole cluster galaxy population). We conclude that the global cluster properties are unable to affect the SF properties of cluster galaxies, but the presence of the X-ray luminous intra-cluster medium can affect their colors, perhaps through the ram-pressure stripping mechanism.

P. Popesso; A. Biviano; M. Romaniello; H. Böhringer

2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

THE SIZE SCALE OF STAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Direct N-body simulations of star clusters in a realistic Milky-Way-like potential are carried out using the code NBODY6. Based on these simulations, a new relationship between scale size and galactocentric distance is derived: the scale size of star clusters is proportional to the hyperbolic tangent of the galactocentric distance. The half-mass radius of star clusters increases systematically with galactocentric distance but levels off when star clusters orbit the galaxy beyond {approx}40 kpc. These simulations show that the half-mass radius of individual star clusters varies significantly as they evolve over a Hubble time, more so for clusters with shorter relaxation times, and remains constant through several relaxation times only in certain situations when expansion driven by the internal dynamics of the star cluster and the influence of the host galaxy tidal field balance each other. Indeed, the radius of a star cluster evolving within the inner 20 kpc of a realistic galactic gravitational potential is severely truncated by tidal interactions and does not remain constant over a Hubble time. Furthermore, the half-mass radius of star clusters measured with present-day observations bears no memory of the original cluster size. Stellar evolution and tidal stripping are the two competing physical mechanisms that determine the present-day size of globular clusters. These simulations also show that extended star clusters can form at large galactocentric distances while remaining fully bound to the host galaxy. There is thus no need to invoke accretion from an external galaxy to explain the presence of extended clusters at large galactocentric distances in a Milky-Way-type galaxy.

Madrid, Juan P.; Hurley, Jarrod R.; Sippel, Anna C. [Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

142

Lista de los 10 Mejores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Diez Mejores de Ahorremosgasolina Los Diez Mejores de Ahorremosgasolina EPA del 2014 EPA – Todos los Años Mundo Real – Todos los Años Falsas Ideas Ahorremosgasolina.org los Diez Mejores Considerados por la EPA como de Bajo Consumo de Combustible 2014 ¿Incluir autos eléctricos e híbridos eléctricos enchufables? Si No Los vehículos están calificados por una valoración combinada (55% ciudad y 45% carretera), después por ciudad. En el caso de un empate, varios autos compartirán el mismo lugar. 1. 2014 Chevrolet Spark EV 2014 Chevrolet Spark EV Combinadas 119 Ciudad 128/Carretera 109 Vehículo Eléctrico, Auto (A1) 2. 2014 Honda Fit EV 2014 Honda Fit EV Combinadas 118 Ciudad 132/Carretera 105 Vehículo Eléctrico, Auto (A1) 3. 2014 Fiat 500e 2014 Fiat 500e Combinadas 116 Ciudad 122/Carretera 108

143

Analysis of a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure Rollout in Southern California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Cluster Strategy for a Cluster Strategy for Near term Hydrogen Infrastructure Rollout in Southern California Michael Nicholas, Joan Ogden Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis November 16, 2009 Scope of study * Analyze "cluster" strategy for introducing H2 vehicles and refueling infrastructure in So. California over the next decade, to satisfy ZEV regulation. * Analyze: Station placement within the Los Angeles Basin Convenience of the refueling network (travel time to stations) Economics - capital and operating costs of stations; cost of H2 station build-out for different rollout scenarios. Transition costs for H2 to reach cost competitiveness with gasoline on cents/mile basis Options for meeting 33% renewable H2 requirement

144

Formation of Globular Clusters in Galaxy Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a high-resolution simulation of globular cluster formation in a galaxy merger. For the first time in such a simulation, individual star clusters are directly identified and followed on their orbits. We quantitatively compare star formation in the merger to that in the unperturbed galaxies. The merging galaxies show a strong starburst, in sharp contrast to their isolated progenitors. Most star clusters form in the tidal features. With a mass range of $5\\times10^{5}$--$5\\times 10^{6} M_{\\odot}$, they are identified as globular clusters. The merger remnant is an elliptical galaxy. Clusters with different mass or age have different radial distributions in the galaxy. Our results show that the high specific frequency and bimodal distribution of metallicity observed in elliptical galaxies are natural products of gas-rich mergers, supporting a merger origin for the ellipticals and their globular cluster systems.

Yuexing Li; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY COMMUNITY LEADERS SURVEY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY COMMUNITY LEADERS SURVEY SEPTEMBER 2013 LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY-COMMUNITY LEADERS STUDY SEPTEMBER 2013 PAGE 2 RESEARCH & POLLING, INC. TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

146

Overlapping clusters for distributed computation.  

SciTech Connect

Scalable, distributed algorithms must address communication problems. We investigate overlapping clusters, or vertex partitions that intersect, for graph computations. This setup stores more of the graph than required but then affords the ease of implementation of vertex partitioned algorithms. Our hope is that this technique allows us to reduce communication in a computation on a distributed graph. The motivation above draws on recent work in communication avoiding algorithms. Mohiyuddin et al. (SC09) design a matrix-powers kernel that gives rise to an overlapping partition. Fritzsche et al. (CSC2009) develop an overlapping clustering for a Schwarz method. Both techniques extend an initial partitioning with overlap. Our procedure generates overlap directly. Indeed, Schwarz methods are commonly used to capitalize on overlap. Elsewhere, overlapping communities (Ahn et al, Nature 2009; Mishra et al. WAW2007) are now a popular model of structure in social networks. These have long been studied in statistics (Cole and Wishart, CompJ 1970). We present two types of results: (i) an estimated swapping probability {rho}{infinity}; and (ii) the communication volume of a parallel PageRank solution (link-following {alpha} = 0.85) using an additive Schwarz method. The volume ratio is the amount of extra storage for the overlap (2 means we store the graph twice). Below, as the ratio increases, the swapping probability and PageRank communication volume decreases.

Mirrokni, Vahab (Google Research, New York, NY); Andersen, Reid (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA); Gleich, David F.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Nuclear Star Clusters - Structure and Stellar Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an overview of nuclear star cluster observations, covering their structure, stellar populations, kinematics and possible connection to black holes at the centers of galaxies.

Neumayer, Nadine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

GALAXY CLUSTER ENVIRONMENTS OF RADIO SOURCES  

SciTech Connect

Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty Centimeters (FIRST) catalogs, we examined the optical environments around double-lobed radio sources. Previous studies have shown that multi-component radio sources exhibiting some degree of bending between components are likely to be found in galaxy clusters. Often this radio emission is associated with a cD-type galaxy at the center of a cluster. We cross-correlated the SDSS and FIRST catalogs and measured the richness of the cluster environments surrounding both bent and straight multi-component radio sources. This led to the discovery and classification of a large number of galaxy clusters out to a redshift of z {approx} 0.5. We divided our sample into smaller subgroups based on their optical and radio properties. We find that FR I radio sources are more likely to be found in galaxy clusters than FR II sources. Further, we find that bent radio sources are more often found in galaxy clusters than non-bent radio sources. We also examined the environments around single-component radio sources and find that single-component radio sources are less likely to be associated with galaxy clusters than extended, multi-component radio sources. Bent, visually selected sources are found in clusters or rich groups {approx}78% of the time. Those without optical hosts in SDSS are likely associated with clusters at even higher redshifts, most with redshifts of z>0.7.

Wing, Joshua D.; Blanton, Elizabeth L., E-mail: jwing@bu.edu [Astronomy Department and Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Non thermal emission in clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I briefly review our current knowledge of the non thermal emission from galaxy clusters and discuss future prospect with Simbol-X. Simbol-X will map the hard X-ray emission in clusters, determine its origin and disentangle the thermal and non-thermal components. Correlated with radio observations, the observation of the non-thermal X-ray emission, when confirmed, will allow to map both the magnetic field and the relativistic electron properties, key information to understand the origin and acceleration of relativistic particles in clusters and its impact on cluster evolution.

Arnaud, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Unsupervised clustering and centroid estimation using dynamic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

solving cluster detection and centroid estimation prob- lems. ... density function and these vectors estimate the cen- ..... an algorithm to minimize a cost function.

151

Nanostructured manganese oxide clusters supported on ...  

2 evolution at nano-structured Mn oxide clusters in mesoporous silica under very mild conditions for the ?rst time. For driving the catalyst with

152

NCNR Magnetic Cluster Sizes in Recording Disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Presently, cluster sizes are believed to be about 10 nano meters to 15 nano meters, but accurate knowledge of the size distribution and even the ...

153

Los Alamos Lab: Technology Transfer | Home Page  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

154

Los Alamos Public Schools recommended for accreditation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos Schools Recommended For Accreditation Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues submit Los Alamos...

155

Supercomputing Challenge top winners: Los Alamos schools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputing Challenge top winners: Los Alamos schools Supercomputing Challenge top winners: Los Alamos schools Cole Kendrick won the top prize for his research project,...

156

Latinas Crafting Sustainability in East Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dead, indigenismo, arts sustainability, East Los Angeles,Guajardo Latinas Crafting Sustainability in East Los Angelesin their growth and sustainability will help document their

Guajardo, Ana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory - March 2012 March 2012 Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Nuclear Facility Configuration...

158

Manhattan Project: Army parade, Los Alamos  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Army parade, Los Alamos Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > Enter the Army, 1942 People > Military Organizations > Army Corps of Engineers Army parade, Los Alamos...

159

Los Alamos National Laboratory top  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

top top science news of 2012 December 20, 2012 Scientific advances that caught the world's interest LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO, December 20, 2012-In 2012 Los Alamos National Laboratory made its scientific mark in a wide variety of areas, and the stories that caught the public's attention and that of the science community reflect those broad capabilities. Top science stories for the year traveled from the canyons of Mars to the high desert forests of New Mexico, from cosmic particles to the structure of proteins and enzymes. Computer models of wildfires, and nuclear magnetic resonance signatures of plutonium, it all was fascinating for those following Los Alamos' science news. - 2 - Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover and ChemCam 2:12 ChemCam rock laser for the Mars Science Laboratory

160

Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commitment » Commitment » Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund The LAESF campaign raises funds for scholarships that support students from Northern New Mexico who are pursuing four-year undergraduate degrees in fields that will serve the region. June 13, 2012 Scholarship winner and Lab Director Scholarship winner Micaela Lucero and Lab Director Charlie McMillan Contact Giving Campaigns & Volunteering Debbi Wersonick Community Programs Office (505) 667-7870 Email LANL Foundation (505) 753-8890 Email Helping area students pay for college During the 2013 campaign, our employees donated a record-breaking $313,000 that, with the LANS match, resulted in more than $563,000 for scholarships. About the Scholarship Program In 1998, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and its employees, retirees

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Incremental spectral clustering by efficiently updating the eigen-system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the spectral clustering method has gained attentions because of its superior performance. To the best of our knowledge, the existing spectral clustering algorithms cannot incrementally update the clustering results given a small change ... Keywords: Graph, Incidence vector/matrix, Incremental clustering, Spectral clustering, Web-blogs

Huazhong Ning; Wei Xu; Yun Chi; Yihong Gong; Thomas S. Huang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

PDSF, NERSC's Physics Computing Cluster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PDSF PDSF PDSF PDSF is a networked distributed computing cluster designed primarily to meet the detector simulation and data analysis requirements of physics, astrophysics and nuclear science collaborations. For more details see About PDSF. Click on the graphs below to see larger versions and longer term graphs. Running Jobs Pending Jobs 24 hour rolling usage graph Rolling 24 Pending Jobs by Group About Find out more about PDSF, including a general overview, and information about research groups and staff... Read More » PDSF Login Node Status Getting Started Guidance on obtaining a new user account, access, passwords, and setup files... Read More » Hardware Configuration Provides guidance on hardware configurations, including: login, compute, grid and transfer nodes, and working with particular file systems.

163

THREE-CLUSTER NUCLEAR MOLECULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A three-center phenomenological model able to explain, at least from a qualitative point of view, the difference in the observed yield of a particle-accompanied fission and that of binary fission was developed. It is derived from the liquid drop model under the assumption that the aligned configuration, with the emitted particle between the light and heavy fragment is obtained by increasing continuously the separation distance, while the radii of the light fragment and of the light particle are kept constant. During the first stage of the deformation one has a two-center evolution until the neck radius becomes equal to the radius of the emitted particle. Then the three center starts developing by decreasing with the same amount the two tip distances. In such a way a second minimum, typical for a cluster molecule, appears in the deformation energy. Examples are presented for 240 Pu parent nucleus emitting ?-particles and 14 C in a ternary process. 1

D. N. Poenaru; B. Dobrescu; W. Greiner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The multidimensional model of cluster radioactivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cluster decays $^{228}$Th $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{20}$O, $^{232}$U $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{24}$Ne, $^{236}$Pu $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{28}$Mg, $^{242}$Cm $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{34}$Si are considered in the framework of the multidimensional cluster preformation model. The macroscopic potential energy surface related to the interaction between the cluster and the residue nucleus is evaluated in the framework of the nonlocal $\\hbar^4$ extended Thomas-Fermi approach with Skyrme and Coulomb forces. The shell-correction to the macroscopic potential energy is also taken into account. The dynamical surface deformations of both the cluster and the residue nucleus are taken into consideration at the barrier penetration path. The heights of saddle points related to deformed nuclear shapes are lower than the barrier height between the spherical cluster and residue nuclei; therefore the dynamical deformations of nuclei increase the barrier penetrability and reduce the half-life of cluster decay. The shell correction contribution into the potential energy between cluster and residue nucleus is important for both the potential landscape and the half-life evaluation. The experimental values of cluster decay half-lives are well reproduced in the model.

V. Yu. Denisov

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Clustering techniques for open relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates clustering techniques for Relation Extraction (RE). Relation Extraction is the task of extracting relationships among named entities (e.g., people, organizations and geo-political entities) from natural language text. We are particularly ... Keywords: relation extraction, text clustering

Filipe Mesquita

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Catching Dissolving Clusters: a New Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional studies of stellar clusters in external galaxies use surface photometry and therefore focus on systems that are still bright and compact enough to be separated from the stellar background. Consequently, the latter stages of unbound cluster evolution are still poorly understood. This dramatically constrains our knowledge of the dissolution processes of stellar clusters in various physical environments. We present the first results of a new approach to directly detect and quantify the characteristics of evolved stellar clusters. Using the exceptional spatial resolution and sensitivity of HST/ACS images to resolve the stellar content nearby galaxies, we construct colour-magnitude diagrams for the observed fields. This enable us to separate the younger population likely present in young clusters from the older stellar content of the star field background. We utilize a clustering algorithm to assign each star to a group based on its local spatial density. This novel approach makes use of algorithms typically applied in N-body and cosmological studies. We test the method and show that it successfully detects less compact clusters that would normally be lost in the star field background. We also detect B-type stars well spread in the galaxy disk of NGC 1313, probably the result of infant mortality of stellar clusters.

Anne Pellerin; Martin Meyer; Jason Harris; Daniela Calzetti

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

167

Clustering objects on a spatial network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is one of the most important analysis tasks in spatial databases. We study the problem of clustering objects, which lie on edges of a large weighted spatial network. The distance between two objects is defined by their shortest path distance ...

Man Lung Yiu; Nikos Mamoulis

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Clustering High Dimensional Massive Scientific Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many scientific applications can benefit from an efficient clustering algorithm of massively large high dimensional datasets. However most of the developed algorithms are impractical to use when the amount of data is very large. Given N objects ... Keywords: clustering, datasets, high dimensional, scientific

Ekow J. Otoo; Arie Shoshani; Seung-Won Hwang

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

2009 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures GRC  

SciTech Connect

For over thirty years, this Gordon Conference has been the premiere meeting for the field of cluster science, which studies the phenomena that arise when matter becomes small. During its history, participants have witnessed the discovery and development of many novel materials, including C60, carbon nanotubes, semiconductor and metal nanocrystals, and nanowires. In addition to addressing fundamental scientific questions related to these materials, the meeting has always included a discussion of their potential applications. Consequently, this conference has played a critical role in the birth and growth of nanoscience and engineering. The goal of the 2009 Gordon Conference is to continue the forward-looking tradition of this meeting and discuss the most recent advances in the field of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. As in past meetings, this will include new topics that broaden the field. In particular, a special emphasis will be placed on nanomaterials related to the efficient use, generation, or conversion of energy. For example, we anticipate presentations related to batteries, catalysts, photovoltaics, and thermoelectrics. In addition, we expect to address the controversy surrounding carrier multiplication with a session in which recent results addressing this phenomenon will be discussed and debated. The atmosphere of the conference, which emphasizes the presentation of unpublished results and lengthy discussion periods, ensures that attendees will enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Because only a limited number of participants are allowed to attend this conference, and oversubscription is anticipated, we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. An invitation is not required. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Because of the important role that students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate to select several posters from young investigators for oral presentations.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Street Scene  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos street scene. Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible in the distance (see below). Above is a view of Los Alamos (looking north). In the distance, Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible to the left and right, respectively (see below). The photograph is reproduced from Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971), 13. The labels and "close-ups" below were made by the Office of History and Heritage Resources. Los Alamos street scene (labeled) Close-up of Fuller Lodge Close-up of the "Big House" Click on a link below to return to:

171

Distilling relevant documents by means of dynamic quantum clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic Quantum Clustering (DQC) is a recent clustering technique based on physical intuition from quantum mechanics. Clusters are identified as the minima of the potential function of the Schrödinger equation. In this poster, we apply this technique ...

Emanuele Di Buccio; Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

Singla, Chandan Dev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Power management for heterogeneous clusters: An experimental study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing energy consumption has a significant role in mitigating the total cost of ownership of computing clusters. Building heterogeneous clusters by combining high-end and low-end server nodes (e.g., Xeons and Atoms) is a recent trend towards achieving ... Keywords: Web server cluster, power management, heterogeneous cluster, energy consumption, high-end server nodes, low-end server nodes, Xeons, Atoms, energy-efficient computing, cluster-level power manager, optimal cluster configuration

M. Mustafa Rafique; Nishkam Ravi; Srihari Cadambi; Ali R. Butt; Srimat Chakradhar

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Cluster catalyzed chemisorption of H2 on Si(111)(1×1): Effects of collision speed and cluster geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have carried out classical dynamical simulations of collisions of Ar12H2clusters with a rigid Si(111)(1×1) solid surface for a variety of collision speeds and two different cluster geometries. At low cluster temperatures

John N. Beauregard; Howard R. Mayne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Energy consumption of personal computer workstations  

SciTech Connect

The explosive growth of the information age has had a profound effect on the appearance of today`s office. Although the telephone still remains an important part of the information exchange and processing system within an office, other electronic devices are now considered required equipment within this environment. This office automation equipment includes facsimile machines, photocopiers, personal computers, printers, modems, and other peripherals. A recent estimate of the installed base indicated that 42 million personal computers and 7.3 million printers are in place, consuming 18.2 billion kWh/yr-and this installed base is growing (Luhn 1992). From a productivity standpoint, it can be argued that this equipment greatly improves the efficiency of those working in the office. But of primary concern to energy system designers, building managers, and electric utilities is the fact that this equipment requires electric energy. Although the impact of each incremental piece of equipment is small, installation of thousands of devices per building has resulted in office automation equipment becoming the major contributor to electric consumption and demand growth in commercial buildings. Personal computers and associated equipment are the dominant part of office automation equipment. In some cases, this electric demand growth has caused office buildings electric and cooling systems to overload.

Szydlowski, R.F.; Chvala, W.D. Jr.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Mobile workstation for decontamination and decommissioning operations  

SciTech Connect

This project is an interdisciplinary effort to develop effective mobile worksystems for decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities within the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex. These mobile worksystems will be configured to operate within the environmental and logistical constraints of such facilities and to perform a number of work tasks. Our program is designed to produce a mobile worksystem with capabilities and features that are matched to the particular needs of D&D work by evolving the design through a series of technological developments, performance tests and evaluations. The project has three phases. In this the first phase, an existing teleoperated worksystem, the Remote Work Vehicle (developed for use in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building basement), was enhanced for telerobotic performance of several D&D operations. Its ability to perform these operations was then assessed through a series of tests in a mockup facility that contained generic structures and equipment similar to those that D&D work machines will encounter in DOE facilities. Building upon the knowledge gained through those tests and evaluations, a next generation mobile worksystem, the RWV II, and a more advanced controller will be designed, integrated and tested in the second phase, which is scheduled for completion in January 1995. The third phase of the project will involve testing of the RWV II in the real DOE facility.

Whittaker, W.L.; Osborn, J.F.; Thompson, B.R. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Robotics Inst.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Fire Tests of Single Office Workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Trade Center Disaster: The Con Ed Substation in World ... was typically assembled shortly before a test. ... at the time of the testing was approximately ...

178

Clustered DNA Damage Spectrum in Primary Human Hematopoietic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

94805 Villejuif Cedex France Clustered DNA Damages Induced by Low Radiation Doses Irradiation of cells with low doses of X- or -rays induces clustered damages in mammalian...

179

Clustering of scientific citations in Wikipedia Finn Arup Nielsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster Numberofclusters Cluster bush List of molecul Extinction (ast Supernova Gamma ray burst List of molecul Extinction (ast Supernova Gamma ray burst Myocardial infa History of inva

180

Approximating K-means-type clustering via semidefinite programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the fundamental clustering problems is to assign n points into k clusters based on the ...... In N. Ye, Editor, The Handbook of Data Mining, Lawrence ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

High performance computing: Clusters, constellations, MPPs, and future directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Jim Gray, “High Performance Computing: Crays, Clusters,The Marketplace of High-Performance Computing”, ParallelHigh Performance Computing Clusters, Constellations, MPPs,

Dongarra, Jack; Sterling, Thomas; Simon, Horst; Strohmaier, Erich

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program Description The Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI) is a focused technical enrichment...

183

The Selection Function of SZ Cluster Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the nature of cluster selection in Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) surveys, focusing on single frequency observations and using Monte Carlo simulations incorporating instrumental effects, primary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies and extragalactic point sources. Clusters are extracted from simulated maps with an optimal, multi-scale matched filter. We introduce a general definition for the survey selection function that provides a useful link between an observational catalog and theoretical predictions. The selection function defined over the observed quantities of flux and angular size is independent of cluster physics and cosmology, and thus provides a useful characterization of a survey. Selection expressed in terms of cluster mass and redshift, on the other hand, depends on both cosmology and cluster physics. We demonstrate that SZ catalogs are not simply flux limited, and illustrate how incorrect modeling of the selection function leads to biased estimates of cosmological parameters. The fact that SZ catalogs are not flux limited complicates survey ``calibration'' by requiring more detailed information on the relation between cluster observables and cluster mass.

J. -B. Melin; J. G. Bartlett; J. Delabrouille

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

184

Cluster mass function in mixed models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the cluster mass function in mixed dark matter (MDM) models, using two COBE normalized simulations with Omega_h = 0.26 and n=1.2, and Omega_h = 0.14 and n = 1.05, both with 2 massive nu's (MDM1 and MDM2, respectively). For the sake of comparison, we also simulate a CDM model with spectral index n=0.8 (TCDM), also COBE normalized. We argue that, in our non--hydro simulations, where CDM particles describe both actual CDM and baryons, the galaxy distribution traces CDM particles. Therefore, we use them to define clusters and their velocities to work out cluster masses. As CDM particles are more clustered than HDM and therefore have, in average, greater velocities, this leads to significant differences from PS predictions. Such predictions agree with simulations if both HDM and CDM are used to define clusters. Clusters defined through CDM in MDM models, instead, are less numerous than PS estimates, by a factor ~0.3, at the low mass end; the factor becomes \\~0.6-0.8, depending on the mix, on intermediate mass scales (~4-5, h^-1 10^14 Msun) and almost vanishes on the high mass end. Therefore: (i) MDM models expected to overproduce clusters over intermediate scales are viable; (ii) the greater reduction factor at small scales agrees with the observational data dependence on the cluster mass M (which, however, may be partially due to sample incompleteness); (iii) the higher spectral normalization is felt at large scales, where MDM models produce more objects (hence, large clusters) than CDM. MDM1 even exceeds Donahue et al. (1998) findings, while MDM2 is consistent with them. (abridged)

A. Gardini; S. A. Bonometto; G. Murante

1999-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

The CFHT Open Star Cluster Survey I -- Cluster Selection and Data Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present this paper in conjuction with the following as the first results in the CFHT Open Star Cluster Survey. This survey is a large BVR imaging data set of 19 open star clusters in our Galaxy. This data set was taken with the CFH12K mosaic CCD (42' X 28') and the majority of the clusters were imaged under excellent photometric, sub-arcsecond seeing conditions. The combination of multiple exposures extending to deep (V ~ 25) magnitudes with short (white dwarf stars in these clusters and establish observational constraints on the initial-final mass relationship for these stars and the upper mass limit to white dwarf production. Additionally, we hope to better determine the properties of the clusters, such as age and distance, and also test evolution and dynamical theories by analyzing luminosity and mass functions. In order to more easily incorporate this data in further studies, we have produced a catalogue of positions, magnitudes, colors, and stellarity confidence for all stars in each cluster of the survey. This paper is intended both as a source for the astronomical community to obtain information on the clusters in the survey and as a detailed reference of reduction procedures for further publications of individual clusters. We discuss the methods employed to reduce the data and compute the photometric catalogue. The scientific results for each individual cluster and global results from the study of the entire survey will be presented in further publications (results for the rich old open cluster NGC 6819 immediately follow this paper).

Jasonjot Singh Kalirai; Harvey B. Richer; Gregory G. Fahlman; Jean-Charles Cuillandre; Paolo Ventura; Francesca D'Antona; Emmanuel Bertin; Gianni Marconi; Patrick R. Durrell

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

Los Alamos National Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory | September 2006 Aerial View Los Alamos National Laboratory | September 2006 Aerial View Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) primary mission is to provide scientific and engineering support to national security programs. LANL performs R&D, design, maintenance, and testing in support of the nuclear weapons stockpile. LANL also performs theoretical and applied R&D in such areas as materials science, physics, environmental science, energy, and health. Enforcement February 12, 2013 Enforcement Letter, NEL-2013-02 Issued to Los Alamos National Security, LLC related to a Radiological Contamination Event at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory

187

Los Alamos National Laboratory RSS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RSS Feed RSS Feed Los Alamos National Laboratory RSS Really Simple Syndication feeds providing LANL workers with news directly to your desktop. Los Alamos National Laboratory RSS Subscribe to LANL's RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds to get news delivered directly to your desktop! In addition to the feeds listed here, look for the small red feed icons across the site, or the orange auto-discovery icon in your browser bar, to subscribe to other feeds from www.lanl.gov. To view one of the LANL feeds in your RSS Aggregator (About RSS Aggregators): 1. Copy the URL/shortcut that corresponds to the topic that interests you. 2. Paste the URL into your reader. Title Copy URLs to RSS Reader Top Stories http://www.lanl.gov/newsroom/news-stories/index.rss New Releases http://www.lanl.gov/newsroom/news-releases/index.rss

188

Environmental Business Cluster | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Business Cluster Business Cluster Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Environmental Business Cluster Name Environmental Business Cluster Address 2 North First Street, Third Floor Place San Jose, California Zip 95112 Region Bay Area Coordinates 37.3456227°, -121.8847222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3456227,"lon":-121.8847222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Nuclear clusters with Halo Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief discussion of effective field theory applied to nuclear clusters, I present the aspect of Coulomb interactions, with applications to low-energy alpha-alpha and nucleon-alpha scattering.

Higa, Renato

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nuclear clusters with Halo Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief discussion of effective field theory applied to nuclear clusters, I present the aspect of Coulomb interactions, with applications to low-energy alpha-alpha and nucleon-alpha scattering.

Renato Higa

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

Non-parametric mixture models for clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixture models have been widely used for data clustering. However, commonly used mixture models are generally of a parametric form (e.g., mixture of Gaussian distributions or GMM), which significantly limits their capacity in fitting diverse multidimensional ...

Pavan Kumar Mallapragada; Rong Jin; Anil Jain

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

HOW TO FIND YOUNG MASSIVE CLUSTER PROGENITORS  

SciTech Connect

We propose that bound, young massive stellar clusters form from dense clouds that have escape speeds greater than the sound speed in photo-ionized gas. In these clumps, radiative feedback in the form of gas ionization is bottled up, enabling star formation to proceed to sufficiently high efficiency so that the resulting star cluster remains bound even after gas removal. We estimate the observable properties of the massive proto-clusters (MPCs) for existing Galactic plane surveys and suggest how they may be sought in recent and upcoming extragalactic observations. These surveys will potentially provide a significant sample of MPC candidates that will allow us to better understand extreme star-formation and massive cluster formation in the Local Universe.

Bressert, E.; Longmore, S.; Testi, L. [European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Ginsburg, A.; Bally, J.; Battersby, C. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

Clustering and disjoint principal component analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constrained principal component analysis, which aims at a simultaneous clustering of objects and a partitioning of variables, is proposed. The new methodology allows us to identify components with maximum variance, each one a linear combination of ...

Maurizio Vichi; Gilbert Saporta

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Cluster-Based Adaptive and Batch Filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the Web, using both 'traditional' search engine [5] and agent-based techniques [6, 7 ... led us to modify the single set-of- clusters model, creating a ...

195

Siting technologies for large wind turbine clusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Site selection for large wind turbine clusters requires thorough documentation of the wind characteristics at the site, because of the influence these characteristics will have on the economics, operations, and service life of the wind turbines. The wind prospecting strategy can be used by a utility to determine specific locations for each wind turbine in a cluster of 10 to 50 or more machines. The key to site selection is knowing what and where to measure. Siting techniques to be used at the various stages of the wind-prospecting strategy are discussed. These techniques help determine where to measure. What to measure at a site is still a moot question. Suggestions are made on what data are needed at what sampling rates. These are based on the assumption that until further experience in siting large clusters of wind turbines is in hand, thorough documentation of wind characteristics affecting machine and cluster output characteristics, operation strategies, and service life are necessary.

Hiester, T.R.; Pennell, W.T.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Cluster magnetic fields from active galactic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) found at the centers of clusters of galaxies are a possible source for weak cluster-wide magnetic fields. To evaluate this scenario, we present 3D adaptive mesh refinement MHD simulations of a cool-core cluster that include injection of kinetic, thermal, and magnetic energy via an AGN-powered jet. Using the MHD solver in FLASH 2, we compare several sub-resolution approaches that link the estimated accretion rate as measured on the simulation mesh to the accretion rate onto the central black hole and the resulting feedback. We examine the effects of magnetized outflows on the accretion history of the black hole and discuss the ability of these models to magnetize the cluster medium.

Sutter, P M; Yang, H -Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy Gabrielle Allen (PI) Thomas Sterling (Presenter/co-PI) Department of Computer Science Center for Computation & Technology #12;Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy, External

Allen, Gabrielle

198

The Young Open Cluster NGC 2129  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first CCD UBV(RI) photometric study in the area of the doubtful open cluster NGC 2129 is presented. Photometry of a field offset 15 arcmin northward is also provided, to probe the Galactic disk population toward the cluster. Using star counts, proper motions from the UCAC2 catalog, colour-magnitude and colour-colour diagrams we demonstrate that NGC 2129 is a young open cluster. The cluster radius is 2.5 arcmin, and across this region we find evidence of significant differential reddening, although the reddening law seems to be normal toward its direction. Updated estimates of the cluster fundamental parameters are provided. The mean reddening is found to be E(B-V)=0.80$\\pm$0.08 and the distance modulus is $(m-M)_o$= 11.70$\\pm0.30$. Hence, NGC 2129 is located at 2.2$\\pm$0.2 kpc from the Sun inside the Local spiral arm. The age derived from 37 photometrically selected members is estimated to be approximately 10 million years. These stars are used to provide new estimates of the cluster absolute proper motion components.

Giovanni Carraro; Brian Chaboyer; James Perencevich

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

199

Los Alamos National Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory At Los Alamos National Laboratory, $94 million in Recovery Act funding is being used to clean up the Lab’s oldest waste disposal site, Material Disposal Area B (MDA-B), which was used from 1944 to 1948 At Los Alamos National Laboratory, $94 million in Recovery Act funding is being used to clean up the Lab's oldest waste disposal site, Material Disposal Area B (MDA-B), which was used from 1944 to 1948 Employees load transuranic waste into a shipping container at Vallecitos Nuclear Center Employees load transuranic waste into a shipping container at Vallecitos Nuclear Center Los Alamos National Laboratory At Los Alamos National Laboratory, $94 million in Recovery Act funding is being used to clean up the Lab's oldest waste disposal site, Material Disposal Area B (MDA-B), which was used from 1944 to 1948

200

Dynamic data assigning assessment clustering of streaming data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discovering interesting patterns or substructures in data streams is an important challenge in data mining. Clustering algorithms are very often applied to identify single substructures although they are designed to partition a data set. Another problem ... Keywords: Incremental clustering, Noise clustering, Objective function-based clustering

O. Georgieva; F. Klawonn

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

On possibilistic clustering with repulsion constraints for imprecise data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In possibilistic clustering objects are assigned to clusters according to the so-called membership degrees taking values in the unit interval. Differently from fuzzy clustering, it is not required that the sum of the membership degrees of an object to ... Keywords: Cluster analysis, Fuzzy data, Possibilistic approach, Repulsion term

Maria Brigida Ferraro, Paolo Giordani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Clustered-Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron network for pattern recognition application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a modified version of the Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron (HMLP) network to improve the performance of the conventional HMLP network. We adopted the Clustering Algorithm from the Radial Basis Function (RBF) network architecture and ... Keywords: Clustered-Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron network, Clustered-Modified Recursive Prediction Error, Clustering Algorithm, Neural network, Pattern Recognition, Radial Basis Function

Nor Ashidi Mat Isa; Wan Mohd Fahmi Wan Mamat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Feature-based clustering for electricity use time series data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series clustering has been shown effective in providing useful information in various applications. This paper presents an efficient computational method for time series clustering and its application focusing creation of more accurate electricity ... Keywords: electricity distribution, electricity use data, feature extraction, feature-based clustering, load curves, time series clustering

Teemu Räsänen; Mikko Kolehmainen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Tarazu: optimizing MapReduce on heterogeneous clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data center-scale clusters are evolving towards heterogeneous hardware for power, cost, differentiated price-performance, and other reasons. MapReduce is a well-known programming model to process large amount of data on data center-scale clusters. Most ... Keywords: MapReduce, cluster scheduling, heterogeneous clusters, load imbalance, shuffle

Faraz Ahmad; Srimat T. Chakradhar; Anand Raghunathan; T. N. Vijaykumar

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Facility - January 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Facility -...

206

Algorithms for Gene Clustering Analysis on Genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increased availability of data in biological databases provides many opportunities for understanding biological processes through these data. As recent attention has shifted from sequence analysis to higher-level analysis of genes across multiple genomes, there is a need to develop efficient algorithms for these large-scale applications that can help us understand the functions of genes. The overall objective of my research was to develop improved methods which can automatically assign groups of functionally related genes in large-scale data sets by applying new gene clustering algorithms. Proposed gene clustering algorithms that can help us understand gene function and genome evolution include new algorithms for protein family classification, a window-based strategy for gene clustering on chromosomes, and an exhaustive strategy that allows all clusters of small size to be enumerated. I investigate the problems of gene clustering in multiple genomes, and define gene clustering problems using mathematical methodology and solve the problems by developing efficient and effective algorithms. For protein family classification, I developed two supervised classification algorithms that can assign proteins to existing protein families in public databases and, by taking into account similarities between the unclassified proteins, allows for progressive construction of new families from proteins that cannot be assigned. This approach is useful for rapid assignment of protein sequences from genome sequencing projects to protein families. A comparative analysis of the method to other previously developed methods shows that the algorithm has a higher accuracy rate and lower mis-classification rate when compared to algorithms that are based on the use of multiple sequence alignments and hidden Markov models. The proposed algorithm performs well even on families with very few proteins and on families with low sequence similarity. Apart from the analysis of individual sequences, identifying genomic regions that descended from a common ancestor helps us study gene function and genome evolution. In distantly related genomes, clusters of homologous gene pairs serve as evidence used in function prediction, operon detection, etc. Thus, reliable identification of gene clusters is critical to functional annotation and analysis of genes. I developed an efficient gene clustering algorithm that can be applied on hundreds of genomes at the same time. This approach allows for large-scale study of evolutionary relationships of gene clusters and study of operon formation and destruction. By placing a stricter limit on the maximum cluster size, I developed another algorithm that uses a different formulation based on constraining the overall size of a cluster and statistical estimates that allow direct comparisons of clusters of different size. A comparative analysis of proposed algorithms shows that more biological insight can be obtained by analyzing gene clusters across hundreds of genomes, which can help us understand operon occurrences, gene orientations and gene rearrangements.

Yi, Gang Man

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

(Electronic structure and reactivities of transition metal clusters)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following are reported: theoretical calculations (configuration interaction, relativistic effective core potentials, polyatomics, CASSCF); proposed theoretical studies (clusters of Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru; transition metal cluster ions; transition metal carbide clusters; bimetallic mixed transition metal clusters); reactivity studies on transition metal clusters (reactivity with H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, hydrocarbons; NO and CO chemisorption on surfaces). Computer facilities and codes to be used, are described. 192 refs, 13 figs.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

[Electronic structure and reactivities of transition metal clusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following are reported: theoretical calculations (configuration interaction, relativistic effective core potentials, polyatomics, CASSCF); proposed theoretical studies (clusters of Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru; transition metal cluster ions; transition metal carbide clusters; bimetallic mixed transition metal clusters); reactivity studies on transition metal clusters (reactivity with H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, hydrocarbons; NO and CO chemisorption on surfaces). Computer facilities and codes to be used, are described. 192 refs, 13 figs.

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Size-restricted cluster formation and cluster maintenance technique for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile ad hoc networks may be composed of a large number of nodes and hence a hierarchical cluster-based structure can be employed to address the scalability issues of the large network. In this paper we propose a size-restricted, distributed clustering ...

Gayathri Venkataraman; Sabu Emmanuel; Srikanthan Thambipillai

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

X-RAY BINARIES AND STAR CLUSTERS IN THE ANTENNAE: OPTICAL CLUSTER COUNTERPARTS  

SciTech Connect

We compare the locations of 82 X-ray binaries (XRBs) detected in the merging Antennae galaxies by Zezas et al., based on observations taken with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, with a catalog of optically selected star clusters presented by Whitmore et al., based on observations taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. Within the 2{sigma} positional uncertainty of Almost-Equal-To 0.''8, we find 22 XRBs are coincident with star clusters, where only two to three chance coincidences are expected. The ages of the clusters were estimated by comparing their UBVI, H{alpha} colors with predictions from stellar evolutionary models. We find that 14 of the 22 coincident XRBs (64%) are hosted by star clusters with ages of Almost-Equal-To 6 Myr or less. All of the very young host clusters are fairly massive and have M {approx}> 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} M {sub Sun }, with many having masses M Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 5} M {sub Sun }. Five of the XRBs are hosted by young clusters with ages {tau} Almost-Equal-To 10-100 Myr, while three are hosted by intermediate-age clusters with {tau} Almost-Equal-To 100-300 Myr. Based on the results from recent N-body simulations, which suggest that black holes are far more likely to be retained within their parent clusters than neutron stars, we suggest that our sample consists primarily of black hole binaries with different ages.

Rangelov, Blagoy; Chandar, Rupali [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Prestwich, Andrea [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Whitmore, Bradley C., E-mail: blagoy.rangelov@gmail.com [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

TopCluster: A hybrid cluster model to support dynamic deployment in Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cluster virtualization is a promising approach to construct customized execution environments for Grid users. However, Virtual-Machine Cluster (VCluster) comes with the cost of the overhead caused by virtual machines, which therefore degrades system ... Keywords: Distributed architectures, Distributed systems, Heterogeneous (hybrid) systems

Gang Chen; Yongwei Wu; Jie Wu; Weimin Zheng

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

An ACS Survey of Globular Clusters V: Star Catalog for Each Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ACS Survey of Globular Clusters has used HST's Wide-Field Channel to obtain uniform imaging of 65 of the nearest globular clusters to provide an extensive homogeneous dataset for a broad range of scientific investigations. The survey goals required not only a uniform observing strategy, but also a uniform reduction strategy. To this end, we designed a sophisticated software program to process the cluster data in an automated way. The program identifies stars simultaneously in the multiple dithered exposures for each cluster and measures them using the best available PSF models. We describe here in detail the program's rationale, algorithms, and output. The routine was also designed to perform artificial-star tests, and we run a standard set of ~10^5 tests for each cluster in the survey. The catalog described here will be exploited in a number of upcoming papers and will eventually be made available to the public via the world-wide web.

Jay Anderson; Ata Sarajedini; Luigi R. Bedin; Ivan R. King; Giampaolo Piotto; I. Neill Reid; Michael Siegel; Steven R. Majewski; Nathaniel E. Q. Paust; Antonio Aparicio; Antonino P. Milone; Brian Chaboyer; Alfred Rosenberg

2008-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

An ACS Survey of Globular Clusters V: Star Catalog for Each Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ACS Survey of Globular Clusters has used HST's Wide-Field Channel to obtain uniform imaging of 65 of the nearest globular clusters to provide an extensive homogeneous dataset for a broad range of scientific investigations. The survey goals required not only a uniform observing strategy, but also a uniform reduction strategy. To this end, we designed a sophisticated software program to process the cluster data in an automated way. The program identifies stars simultaneously in the multiple dithered exposures for each cluster and measures them using the best available PSF models. We describe here in detail the program's rationale, algorithms, and output. The routine was also designed to perform artificial-star tests, and we run a standard set of ~10^5 tests for each cluster in the survey. The catalog described here will be exploited in a number of upcoming papers and will eventually be made available to the public via the world-wide web.

Anderson, Jay; Bedin, Luigi R; King, Ivan R; Piotto, Giampaolo; Reid, I Neill; Siegel, Michael; Majewski, Steven R; Paust, Nathaniel E Q; Aparicio, Antonio; Milone, Antonino P; Chaboyer, Brian; Rosenberg, Alfred

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Heating Rate Profiles in Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years evidence has accumulated suggesting that the gas in galaxy clusters is heated by non-gravitational processes. Here we calculate the heating rates required to maintain a physically motived mass flow rate, in a sample of seven galaxy clusters. We employ the spectroscopic mass deposition rates as an observational input along with temperature and density data for each cluster. On energetic grounds we find that thermal conduction could provide the necessary heating for A2199, Perseus, A1795 and A478. However, the suppression factor, of the clasical Spitzer value, is a different function of radius for each cluster. Based on the observations of plasma bubbles we also calculate the duty cycles for each AGN, in the absence of thermal conduction, which can provide the required energy input. With the exception of Hydra-A it appears that each of the other AGNs in our sample require duty cycles of roughly $10^{6}-10^{7}$ yrs to provide their steady-state heating requirements. If these duty cycles are unrealistic, this may imply that many galaxy clusters must be heated by very powerful Hydra-A type events interspersed between more frequent smaller-scale outbursts. The suppression factors for the thermal conductivity required for combined heating by AGN and thermal conduction are generally acceptable. However, these suppression factors still require `fine-tuning` of the thermal conductivity as a function of radius. As a consequence of this work we present the AGN duty cycle as a cooling flow diagnostic.

Edward C. D. Pope; Georgi Pavlovski; Christian R. Kaiser; Hans Fangohr

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

Fuzzy Logic Connectivity in Semiconductor Defect Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In joining defects on semiconductor wafer maps into clusters, it is common for defects caused by different sources to overlap. Simple morphological image processing tends to either join too many unrelated defects together or not enough together. Expert semiconductor fabrication engineers have demonstrated that they can easily group clusters of defects from a common manufacturing problem source into a single signature. Capturing this thought process is ideally suited for fuzzy logic. A system of rules was developed to join disconnected clusters based on properties such as elongation, orientation, and distance. The clusters are evaluated on a pair-wise basis using the fuzzy rules and are joined or not joined based on a defuzzification and threshold. The system continuously re-evaluates the clusters under consideration as their fuzzy memberships change with each joining action. The fuzzy membership functions for each pair-wise feature, the techniques used to measure the features, and methods for improving the speed of the system are all developed. Examples of the process are shown using real-world semiconductor wafer maps obtained from chip manufacturers. The algorithm is utilized in the Spatial Signature Analyzer (SSA) software, a joint development project between Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) and SEMATECH.

Gleason, S.S.; Kamowski, T.P.; Tobin, K.W.

1999-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Relative Ages of Galactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of the present state of knowledge regarding the relative ages of Galactic globular clusters. First, we discuss the relevant galaxy formation models and describe the detailed predictions they make with respect to the formation timescale and chemical evolution of the globular clusters. Next, the techniques used to estimate globular cluster ages are described and evaluated with particular emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each method. With these techniques as a foundation, we present arguments in favor of the following assertions: 1) The age of a globular cluster is the likeliest candidate to be the global second parameter, which along with metal abundance, controls the morphology of the horizonal branch. 2) A total age range of as much as $\\sim$5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the Galactic globulars. 3) There is a significant relation between age and metallicity among the Galactic globular clusters if the slope of the \\mvrr-\\feh relation is less than $\\sim$0.23. These conclusions along with other supporting evidence favor a formation scenario in which the inner regions of the Galactic halo collapsed in a monotonic fashion over a short time period much less than 1 Gyr. In contrast, the outer regions of the halo fragmented and collapsed in a chaotic manner over several Gyrs.

Ata Sarajedini; Brian Chaboyer; Pierre Demarque

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

217

Photoionising feedback in star cluster formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first ever hydrodynamic calculations of star cluster formation that incorporate the effect of feedback from ionising radiation. In our simulations, the ionising source forms in the cluster core at the intersection of several dense filaments of inflowing gas. We show that these filaments collimate ionised outflows and suggest such an environmental origin for at least some observed outflows in regions of massive star formation. Our simulations show both positive feedback (i.e. promotion of star formation in neutral gas compressed by expanding HII regions) and negative feedback (i.e. suppression of the accretion flow in to the central regions). We show that the volume filling factor of ionised gas is very different in our simulations than would result from the case where the central source interacted with an azimuthally smoothed gas density distribution. As expected, gas density is the key parameter in determining whether clusters are unbound by photoionising radiation. Nevertheless, we find - on account of the acceleration of a small fraction of the gas to high velocities in the outflows - that the deposition in the gas of an energy that exceeds the binding energy of the cluster is not a sufficient criterion for unbinding the bulk of the cluster mass.

J. E. Dale; I. A. Bonnell; C. J. Clarke; M. R. Bate

2005-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Clustering of Aerosols in Atmospheric Turbulent Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mechanism of formation of small-scale inhomogeneities in spatial distributions of aerosols and droplets associated with clustering instability in the atmospheric turbulent flow is discussed. The particle clustering is a consequence of a spontaneous breakdown of their homogeneous space distribution due to the clustering instability, and is caused by a combined effect of the particle inertia and a finite correlation time of the turbulent velocity field. In this paper a theoretical approach proposed in Phys. Rev. E 66, 036302 (2002) is further developed and applied to investigate the mechanisms of formation of small-scale aerosol inhomogeneities in the atmospheric turbulent flow. The theory of the particle clustering instability is extended to the case when the particle Stokes time is larger than the Kolmogorov time scale, but is much smaller than the correlation time at the integral scale of turbulence. We determined the criterion of the clustering instability for the Stokes number larger than 1. We discussed applications of the analyzed effects to the dynamics of aerosols and droplets in the atmospheric turbulent flow.

T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; M. A. Liberman; V. L'vov; I. Rogachevskii

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos County  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos County Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos County LA-UR 11-02574 (4/25/13) Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos County Los Alamos County is home to 3,772 LANL employees and contractors. As of February 2013, $414,431,455 in annual base salaries was being paid to LANL employees (excluding contractors and craft employees) in Los Alamos County. In FY12, LANL purchased $193,827,533 in products and services from Los Alamos County businesses. Los Alamos is one of seven northern New Mexico counties identified in the Lab's maintenance and operations contract with NNSA that is targeted for education, economic development, and charitable giving programs through the LANS, LLC Community Commitment Plan.

220

Los Alamos National Laboratory - Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Nuclear Safety Home Nuclear Sites Map Nuclear Sites List › Argonne National Laboratory › East Tennessee Technology Park › Hanford › Idaho Site › Los Alamos National Laboratory › Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory › Nevada National Security Site › New Brunswick Laboratory › Oak Ridge National Laboratory › Paducah › Pantex › Pacific Northwest National Laboratory › Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant › Sandia National Laboratories › Savannah River Site › Waste Isolation Pilot Plant › West Valley Demonstration Project › Y-12 National Security Complex HSS Reports - Enforcement - Corporate Safety Analysis Fire Protection DOELAP - Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Safety Basis Information System Office of Corporate Safety Analysis

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221

Los Alamos Lab: MPA: Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPA Groups MPA Groups MPA-CINT | MPA-CMMS | MPA-STC | MPA-11 | MPA-MC Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies: MPA-CINT is a Department of Energy/Office of Science Nanoscale Science Research Center (NSRC) operating as a national user facility devoted to the establishment and leadership of a scientific community dedicated to nanoscience integration challenges. CINT is one of five NSRCs throughout the U.S. that form an integrated national program, affiliated with major facilities at the DOE's National Laboratories, to cover the diverse aspects of nanoscience and technology. In addition to CINT's Gateway to Los Alamos Facility, the center provides open access to tools and expertise needed to explore the continuum from scientific discovery to the integration of nanostructures into the micro and macro world through its core facility in Albuquerque.

222

National Nuclear Security Administration LOS ALAMOS SITE OFFICE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LOS ALAMOS SITE OFFICE National Nuclear Security Administration CONTRACT MANAGEMENT PLAN For LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY CONTRACT NO. DE-AC52-06NA25396 Los Alamos...

223

Mitigation of Natural Disasters at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos Field Office (Field Office), located in Los Alamos, New Mexico, and the NNSA Complex, located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Our scope primarily encompassed the Los...

224

Sixty-five New Mexico students receive Los Alamos Employees'...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 May Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund recipients Sixty-five New Mexico students receive Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund scholarships Los Alamos High School...

225

THE FORMATION OF YOUNG DENSE STAR CLUSTERS THROUGH MERGERS  

SciTech Connect

Young star clusters such as NGC 3603 and Westerlund 1 and 2 in the Milky Way and R136 in the Large Magellanic Cloud are dynamically more evolved than expected based on their current relaxation times. In particular, the combination of a high degree of mass segregation, a relatively low central density, and the large number of massive runaway stars in their vicinity are hard to explain with the monolithic formation of these clusters. Young star clusters can achieve such a mature dynamical state if they formed through the mergers of a number of less massive clusters. The shorter relaxation times of less massive clusters cause them to dynamically evolve further by the time they merge, and the merger product preserves the memory of the dynamical evolution of its constituent clusters. With a series of N-body simulations, we study the dynamical evolution of single massive clusters and those that are assembled through merging smaller clusters together. We find that the formation of massive star clusters through the mergers of smaller clusters can reproduce the currently observed spatial distribution of massive stars, the density, and the characteristics (number and mass distribution) of the stars ejected as runaways from young dense clusters. We therefore conclude that these clusters and possibly other young massive star clusters formed through the mergers of smaller clusters.

Fujii, M. S.; Portegies Zwart, S. F. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2300RA Leiden (Netherlands); Saitoh, T. R. [Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Supersonic Bare Metal Cluster Beams. Final Report  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A major portion of the project involved elucidating the relation between reactivity and the electronic structure of transition-metal (TM) clusters of 2--200 atoms, which required the construction and continuous development of two principal apparati; the Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) apparatus, and Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS). Together, these machines have enabled the most detailed probing of the structure and chemical reactivity of TM clusters. Clusters of all the transition metals were included in these studies. Fundamental aspects in chemisorption, reactivity, and heterogeneous catalysis have also become better understood as a result of these experiments for important classes of systems such as H{sub 2}, CO, and CO{sub 2} adsorbed onto clusters of many of the metals listed above. In particular, a correlation was found between reactivity of H{sub 2} with Fe, Co, and Ni clusters and differences between the cluster IP and EA. As recounted in a previous technical report, the DOE`s role in the initial discovery of fullerenes at Rice was central, and from the start investigations were made into metal atoms trapped in the fullerenes cage. More recently, the authors have discovered that 2--4 atoms of La, Y, or Sc can be produced by laser vaporization of composite graphite/metal-oxide disks. This work was largely motivated by the prospects of using such endohedral TM metals for their catalytic activity without the well-known difficulties of effective support media and lack of control over particle size. Thus, while it will certainly be important to discover ways to efficiently scale up production (e.g., the solar generation method explored with DOE support), the efforts have concentrated more on characterization, purification, and manipulation of doped fullerenes. For the past two years, much of the group`s effort has involved the production, purification, and characterization of carbon nanotubes.

Smalley, R. E.

1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

The large scale clustering of radio sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observed two-point angular correlation function, w(theta), of mJy radio sources exhibits the puzzling feature of a power-law behaviour up to very large (almost 10 degrees) angular scales which cannot be accounted for in the standard hierarchical clustering scenario for any realistic redshift distribution of such sources. After having discarded the possibility that the signal can be explained by a high density local source population, we find no alternatives to assuming that - at variance with all the other extragalactic populations studied so far, and in particular with optically selected quasars - radio sources responsible for the large-scale clustering signal were increasingly less clustered with increasing look-back time, up to at least z=1. The data are accurately accounted for in terms of a bias function which decreases with increasing redshift, mirroring the evolution with cosmic time of the characteristic halo mass, M_{star}, entering the non linear regime. In the framework of the `concordance cosmology', the effective halo mass controlling the bias parameter is found to decrease from about 10^{15} M_{sun}/h at z=0 to the value appropriate for optically selected quasars, 10^{13} M_{sun}/h, at z=1.5. This suggests that, in the redshift range probed by the data, the clustering evolution of radio sources is ruled by the growth of large-scale structure, and that they are associated with the densest environments virializing at any cosmic epoch. The data provide only loose constraints on radio source clustering at z>1 so we cannot rule out the possibility that at these redshifts the clustering evolution of radio sources enters a different regime, perhaps similar to that found for optically selected quasars. The dependence of w(theta) on cosmological parameters is also discussed.

M. Negrello; M. Magliocchetti; G. De Zotti

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

Automatic induction of verb classes using clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Shi, 2001) which consistently outperforms other previous methods in our studies. We also introduce a method to automatically de- tect the number of clusters for SPEC (Zelnik-Manor and Perona, 2004). In addition, we introduce HGFC (Yu et al., 2006) as a... and Shi, 2001) which consistently outperforms other previous methods in our studies. We also introduce a method to automatically de- tect the number of clusters for SPEC (Zelnik-Manor and Perona, 2004). In addition, we introduce HGFC (Yu et al., 2006) as a...

Sun, Lin

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

Photocatalytic semiconductor clusters for fuel production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High quality crystalline, monodisperse nanometer-size semiconductor clusters were successfully grown using an inverse micellar synthesis process and their optical and structural properties were studied. Among the materials studied were PbS, FeS{sub 2}, MoS{sub 2}, CdS and related compounds. The results demonstrated strong electronic quantum confinement effects and broad tailorability of the bandgaps with decreasing cluster size, features that are important for the potential use of these materials as photocatalysts for solar fuel production and solar detoxification. The highlights of the work are included in an Executive Summary.

Wilcoxon, J.P.; Bliss, D.E.; Martin, J.E. [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Coupled-cluster computations of atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade, coupled-cluster theory has seen a renaissance in nuclear physics, with computations of neutron-rich and medium-mass nuclei. The method is efficient for nuclei with product-state references, and it describes many aspects of weakly bound and unbound nuclei. This report reviews the technical and conceptual developments of this method in nuclear physics, and the results of coupled-cluster calculations for nucleonic matter, and for exotic isotopes of helium, oxygen, calcium, and some of their neighbors.

G. Hagen; T. Papenbrock; M. Hjorth-Jensen; D. J. Dean

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

231

A review on particle swarm optimization algorithms and their applications to data clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data clustering is one of the most popular techniques in data mining. It is a method of grouping data into clusters, in which each cluster must have data of great similarity and high dissimilarity with other cluster data. The most popular clustering ... Keywords: Data clustering, Data mining, K-mean clustering, Particle swarm optimization

Sandeep Rana; Sanjay Jasola; Rajesh Kumar

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Spectroscopy at metal cluster surfaces. Annual report, Year 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of our research program is the study of gas phase metal clusters to evaluate their potential to model fundamental interactions present on metal surfaces. To do this, we characterize the chemical bonding present between the component atoms in metal clusters as well as the bonding exhibited by ``physisorption`` on cluster surfaces. Electronic spectra, vibrational frequencies and bond neutral and ionized clusters with a variety of laser/mass spectrometry techniques. We are particularly interested in bimetallic cluster systems, and how their properties compare to those of corresponding pure metal clusters.

Duncan, M.A.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Los Alamos National Security LLC Selected to Manage Los Alamos National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Security LLC Selected to Manage Los Alamos Los Alamos National Security LLC Selected to Manage Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Security LLC Selected to Manage Los Alamos National Laboratory December 21, 2005 - 4:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced today that Los Alamos National Security LLC has been selected to be the management and operations contractor for Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. Los Alamos National Security LLC is a limited liability corporation made up of Bechtel National, Inc., the University of California, BWX Technologies, Inc., and the Washington Group International, Inc. The laboratory, one of three National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) nuclear weapons laboratories, performs sensitive national security

234

Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos shipped 1,074 cubic meters of transuranic (TRU) and mixed low-level waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant and other approved waste disposal facilities. July 8, 2013 A shipment carrying Los Alamos transuranic waste heads down NM 502, bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico. A shipment carrying Los Alamos transuranic waste heads down NM 502, bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico. Contact Fred deSousa Communications Office (505) 665-3430 Email "We've made significant progress removing waste stored above ground at Area G, and we made this progress while maintaining an excellent safety record," said Jeff Mousseau, associate director of Environmental Programs

235

Clean Cities: Los Angeles Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Los Angeles Clean Cities Coalition Los Angeles Clean Cities Coalition The Los Angeles Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Los Angeles Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Wayne King 213-485-3936 wayne.king@lacity.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Wayne King Photo of Wayne King Wayne King serves as the Los Angeles Clean Cities Coalition Coordinator and is employed as an Environmental Specialist with the City of Los Angeles. King has worked for the City since 2000. He began working with the Clean Cities Coalition around 2003 and was co-coordinator beginning in early 2009. In February 2010 he took on the role of Clean Cities Coordinator. His major job duties focus on mobile source air pollution reduction programs.

236

Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos exceeds waste shipping goal Los Alamos shipped 1,074 cubic meters of transuranic (TRU) and mixed low-level waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant and other approved waste disposal facilities. July 8, 2013 A shipment carrying Los Alamos transuranic waste heads down NM 502, bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico. A shipment carrying Los Alamos transuranic waste heads down NM 502, bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico. Contact Fred deSousa Communications Office (505) 665-3430 Email "We've made significant progress removing waste stored above ground at Area G, and we made this progress while maintaining an excellent safety record," said Jeff Mousseau, associate director of Environmental Programs

237

Materials Capability Review Los Alamos National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

highlights not covered in other themes of the MCR. #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA F I E D Materials @LANL #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA U N C L A S S I F #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA U N C L A S S I F I E D Materials

238

Los Alamos National Laboratory: Long-Term Environmental Stewardship...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What waters does LANL protect? Map of Los Alamos townsite bordered by Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyons Los Alamos townsite bordered by Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyons Buckman Direct...

239

LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos County LA-UR 11-02574 (42513) Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Los Alamos...

240

The Use of Edge-Betweenness Clustering to Investigate Biological Function in Protein Interaction Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

homeostasis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:46916 IDs: NM_000146 Cluster: 4 GO:8104 protein localization 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:8104 IDs: NM_016224 Cluster: 4 GO:9451 RNA modification 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:9451 IDs: NM_002582 Cluster: 4 GO:30005 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation... homeostasis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:30005 IDs: NM_000146 Cluster: 4 GO:6916 anti-apoptosis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:6916 IDs: NM_012138 Cluster: 4 GO:30705 cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:30705 IDs: NM_014183 Cluster: 4 GO:7292 female...

Dunn, Ruth; Dudbridge, Frank; Sanderson, Christopher M

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY - EXPRESS LICENSING PROGRAM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY - EXPRESS LICENSING PROGRAM LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY - EXPRESS LICENSING PROGRAM NON-EXCLUSIVE PATENT LICENSE AGREEMENT This Agreement between Los Alamos National Security, LLC ("LANS"), under its United States Department of Energy ("DOE") Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396, to manage and operate Los Alamos National Laboratory ("LANL"), and ______________________________________, a _____________________________ corporation Company Name ("LICENSEE") (State of Incorporation) having its principal place of business at: ________________________________________________________________________________________ (Company Address) is effective on the date of execution by the last signing Party and payment of the License Issue Fee

242

Independent Oversight Assessment, Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 2012 Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)...

243

Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Laboratory - November 2010 November 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project Orientation Visit The U. S. Department...

244

Los Angeles Mayors Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angeles, California Zip 90012-3239 Product String representation "The Clean Tech ... LEED community." is too long. References Los Angeles Mayors Office1 LinkedIn Connections...

245

Industrial Business Development - Los Alamos National Lab ...  

Los Alamos National Laboratory, an af?rmative action/ equal opportunity employer, is operated by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy under

246

,"California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Nonassociated Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Nonassociated Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,...

247

Los Alamos National Laboratory - Enforcement Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Security, LLC related to Glovebox Activities at TA-55 and Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Facilities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, January 4, 2008...

248

Dateline Los Alamos: Top Science News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

monitoring technology also helped scientists discover insights into space, such as gamma-ray bursts, lightning and other phenomena. Last year, a Los Alamos instrument aboard the...

249

Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reliability Technology earns award Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos award LANL has honored Michael Hamada, Harry Martz and a team of researchers with its first...

250

Los Alamos scientists advance biomass fuel production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issues submit Los Alamos scientists advance biomass fuel production Adapting biomass waste molecules for energy production May 1, 2013 Lab research can yield energy from...

251

Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Applied Physics...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

his scientific field through analysis of nuclear deterrence. He has advised both Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore national labs on the complexities of the aging nuclear stockpile...

252

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY COMMUNITY LEADERS SURVEY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and listening and responding to the needs of the communities in Northern New Mexico under its contractor, Los Alamos National Security, LLC. The study also measures...

253

Network regression with predictive clustering trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network data describe entities represented by nodes, which may be connected with (related to) each other by edges. Many network datasets are characterized by a form of autocorrelation, where the value of a variable at a given node depends on the values ... Keywords: Autocorrelation, Network data, Predictive clustering trees, Regression inference

Daniela Stojanova; Michelangelo Ceci; Annalisa Appice; Sašo DžEroski

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Solar-like oscillations in cluster stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a brief overview of the history of attempts to obtain a clear detection of solar-like oscillations in cluster stars, and discuss the results on the first clear detection, which was made by the Kepler Asteroseismic Science Consortium (KASC) Working Group 2.

Stello, D; Bedding, T R; Brogaard, K; Bruntt, H; Chaplin, W J; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Demarque, P; Elsworth, Y P; García, R A; Gilliland, R L; Hekker, S; Huber, D; Karoff, C; Kjeldsen, H; Lebreton, Y; Mathur, S; Meibom, S; Zakowicz, J Molenda-\\; Noels, A; Roxburgh, I W; Aguirre, V S; Sterken, C; Szabó, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Clustering local frequency items in multiple databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequent items could be considered as a basic type of patterns in a database. In the context of multiple data sources, most of the global patterns are based on local frequency items. A multi-branch company transacting from different branches often needs ... Keywords: Association, Clustering, Data mining, Measure of association, Multi-database mining

Animesh Adhikari

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Cluster ensembles in collaborative filtering recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recommender systems, which recommend items of information that are likely to be of interest to the users, and filter out less favored data items, have been developed. Collaborative filtering is a widely used recommendation technique. It is based on the ... Keywords: Cluster ensembles, Collaborative filtering, Recommender systems, Self-organizing maps, k-Means

Chih-Fong Tsai; Chihli Hung

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Graph clustering with network structure indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graph clustering has become ubiquitous in the study of relational data sets. We examine two simple algorithms: a new graphical adaptation of the k-medoids algorithm and the Girvan-Newman method based on edge betweenness centrality. We show that ...

Matthew J. Rattigan; Marc Maier; David Jensen

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Cluster Refinement Algorithm for Motif Discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding Transcription Factor Binding Sites, i.e., motif discovery, is crucial for understanding the gene regulatory relationship. Motifs are weakly conserved and motif discovery is an NP-hard problem. We propose a new approach called Cluster Refinement ... Keywords: Transcription factor binding site, motif discovery.

Gang Li; Tak-Ming Chan; Kwong-Sak Leung; Kin-Hong Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster Policy and Procedures COE-HPC-01 and registered as requiring high performance computing; the course identification/registrations process the College High Performance Computing system will need register for system access by visiting http

Demirel, Melik C.

260

A Clustering-Driven LDAP Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LDAP directories have proliferated as the appropriate storage framework for various and heterogeneous data sources, operating under a wide range of applications and services. Due to the increased amount and heterogeneity of the LDAP data, there is a ... Keywords: DIT organization, LDAP services, clustering, merging criteria, query and retrieval engine

Vassiliki Koutsonikola; Athena Vakali

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

MARLA: MapReduce for Heterogeneous Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MapReduce has gradually become the framework of choice for "big data". The MapReduce model allows for efficient and swift processing of large scale data with a cluster of compute nodes. However, the efficiency here comes at a price. The performance of ... Keywords: MapReduce, MARLA, MARIANE, HADOOP

Zacharia Fadika; Elif Dede; Jessica Hartog; Madhusudhan Govindaraju

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Performance implications of virtualizing multicore cluster machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High performance computers are typified by cluster machines constructed from multicore nodes and using high performance interconnects like Infiniband. Virtualizing such 'capacity computing' platforms implies the shared use of not only the nodes and node ... Keywords: Infiniband, high-performance computing, virtualization

Adit Ranadive; Mukil Kesavan; Ada Gavrilovska; Karsten Schwan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Hierarchical clustering in improving microblog stream summarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microblogging has shown a massive increase in use over the past couple of years. According to recent statistics, Twitter (the most popular microblogging platform) has over 500 million posts per day. In order to help users manage this information overload ... Keywords: event detection, microblog, summarization, text clustering

Andrei Olariu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Bipartite graph partitioning and data clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many data types arising from data mining applications can be modeled as bipartite graphs, examples include terms and documents in a text corpus, customers and purchasing items in market basket analysis and reviewers and movies in a movie recommender ... Keywords: bipartite graph, correspondence analysis, document clustering, graph partitioning, singular value decomposition, spectral relaxation

Hongyuan Zha; Xiaofeng He; Chris Ding; Horst Simon; Ming Gu

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste...

266

Powering The Intra-cluster Filaments in Cool-Core Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first radio surveys of the sky discovered that some large clusters of galaxies contained powerful sources of synchrotron emission. Optical images showed that long linear filaments with bizarre emission-line spectra permeated the intra-cluster medium. Recent observations in the infrared and radio show that these filaments have very strong emission lines of molecular hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The mass of molecular material is quite large, the gas is quite warm, and the filaments have not formed stars despite their ~Gyr age. I will discuss the general astrophysical context of large clusters of galaxies and how large masses of molecular gas can be heated to produce what we observe. The unique properties of the filaments are a result of the unique environment. Magnetically confined molecular filaments are surrounded by the hot intra-cluster medium. Thermal particles with keV energies enter atomic and molecular regions and produce a shower of secondary nonthermal electrons. These secondaries collisionally h...

Ferland, Gary J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

An Equal Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Los Alamos Postdoc Program Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Equal Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Los Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA The Los Alamos Postdoc

268

Argonne CNM News: Charge Separation in Silver Clusters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Separation in Silver Clusters Charge Separation in Silver Clusters silver clusters Artist's rendering of silver clusters capped with organic ligand molecules. transient kinetics of silver clusters Transient kinetics showing charge recombination in ligand-stabilized silver clusters for different surrounding solvents (water-methanol mixture, acetone, and dichloromethane). Both charge separation and recombination events are faster in more polar solvents. Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) users from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland, working with the CNM Nanophotonics Group, have demonstrated the existence of long-lived charge-separated states in silver clusters. The clusters, synthesized chemically in solution, consist of exactly 44 silver atoms and are stabilized by exactly

269

Implementation of a cluster based routing protocol for mobile networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show the implementation and the simulation results of a hierarchical, cluster based routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks using Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM). The network represented by a graph is partitioned into clusters by a graph ...

Geoffrey Marshall; Kayhan Erciyes

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Measuring Clustering in Clouds Using Non-Rayleigh Signal Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The clustering or clumping of droplets appears to be nearly ubiquitous in clouds. Clustering likely plays roles in a number of different physical processes, from the growth of hail, to snow aggregation, to the growth of raindrops, to cloud ...

A. R. Jameson

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Weak lensing flexion as a probe of galaxy cluster substructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring galaxy cluster total masses and the amount of dark matter substructure within galaxy cluster haloes is a fundamental probe of the ACDM model of structure formation, as well as the interactions between baryonic ...

Cain, Benjamin Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A new clustering approach and its application to BBL placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for clustering applied to Building Block placement is presented. Unlike traditional approaches, which only consider local factors such as connectivity and shape matching of blocks in a cluster, our approach (called the GAC method) not ...

M. Y. Yu; X. L. Hong; Y. E. Lien; Z. Z. Ma; J. G. Bo; W. J. Zhuang

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Distributional word clusters vs. words for text categorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study an approach to text categorization that combines distributional clustering of words and a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. This word-cluster representation is computed using the recently introduced Information Bottleneck method, ...

Ron Bekkerman; Ran El-Yaniv; Naftali Tishby; Yoad Winter

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Cloud Clusters and Superclusters over the Oceanic Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared satellite images of the oceanic warm-pool region (8O°E-160°W) have been objectively processed to reveal tropical “cloud clusters” with temperature colder than a given threshold. Cloud clusters span a somewhat lognormal distribution of ...

Brain E. Mapes; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Chapter generation for digital video recorder based on perceptual clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel automatic chapter generating technique for digital video recorder (DVR) based on a perceptual clustering. Clustering with two-staged hierarchy is introduced for the first time, showing better performance than previous approaches without ...

M. Yamauchi; M. Kimura; J. Ohmiya; J. Nishikawa; I. Okabayashi

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

catalyst could jumpstart e- cars, green energy June 4, 2013 Economical non-precious-metal catalyst capitalizes on carbon nanotubes LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 4, 2013-Los Alamos...

277

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics August 7, 2013 Is behavior hardwired by DNA or a product of environment? LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos...

278

EA-1156: Effluent Reduction Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to eliminate industrial effluent from 27 outfalls at the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New...

279

Biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance: a comparison study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Document clustering has been used for better document retrieval and text mining. In this paper, we investigate if a biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance in terms of the effectiveness and the scalability. For this ... Keywords: MEDLINE, MeSH, bioinformatics, biomedical literature, biomedical ontology, comparison study, document clustering, document retrieval, information retrieval, text mining

Illhoi Yoo; Xiaohua Hu; Il-Yeol Song

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Large-scale clustering and complete facet and tag calculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The State and University Library of Denmark is developing an integrated search system called Summa, and as part of the Summa project a clustering module and a facet module. Simple clusters have been created for a collection of more than six and a half ... Keywords: categorisation, clustering, faceted browsing, large data sets, library metadata

Bolette Ammitzbøll Madsen

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A merging clustering algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is a widely used approach to ease implementation of various problems such as routing and resource management in mobile ad hoc networks (MANET)s. We propose a new fully distributed algorithm for clustering in MANETs that merges clusters to ...

Orhan Dagdeviren; Kayhan Erciyes; Deniz Cokuslu

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Distributed Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Clustering for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Clustering for Wireless Sensor Networks Ping Ding, Jo important. In this paper, we propose a distributed weight-based energy-efficient hierarchical clustering of the network topology. Younis and Fahmy [4] propose a Hybrid Energy-Efficient Distributed clustering (HEED

Holliday, JoAnne

283

Spectroscopic Elucidation of First Steps of Supported Bimetallic Cluster Formation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Initial steps of bimetallic Ru-Os cluster formation on MgO in the presence of H{sub 2} are analyzed by EXAFS and IR spectroscopy. Ru-Os bond formation takes place after decarbonylation of Ru{sub 3} clusters and subsequently, at higher temperatures, of Os{sub 3} clusters to generate coordinative unsaturation.

Kulkarni, A.; Gates, B.C.; (UCD)

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

284

Clusters, language models, and ad hoc information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The language-modeling approach to information retrieval provides an effective statistical framework for tackling various problems and often achieves impressive empirical performance. However, most previous work on language models for information retrieval ... Keywords: Language modeling, aspect models, cluster hypothesis, cluster-based language models, clustering, interpolation model, smoothing

Oren Kurland; Lillian Lee

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

A Self-Organized Clustering Scheme for Overlay Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical approaches, where nodes are clustered based on their network distances, have been shown to allow for robust and scalable topology-aware overlays. Moreover, recent research works have shown that cluster-based deployments of Internet Coordinates ... Keywords: Clustering, ICS, Performance, Triangle Inequality Violations

Francois Cantin; Bamba Gueye; Mohamed Ali Kaafar; Guy Leduc

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Towards green computing using diskless high performance clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, significant research has been conducted to boost the performance and increase the reliability of high performance computing (HPC) clusters. As the number of compute nodes in modern HPC clusters continues to grow, it is critical to design ... Keywords: Linux, cluster computing and architecture, green computing, performance evaluation

K. Salah; R. Al-Shaikh; M. Sindi

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Limiting the impact of mobility on ad hoc clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the impact of node mobility on DMAC, a typical clustering protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. Several protocols for clustering have been proposed, which are quite similar in operations and performance. We selected one and ... Keywords: ad hoc networks, clustering protocols, mobility models

Rituparna Ghosh; Stefano Basagni

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Clustering analysis of water quality for canals in bangkok, thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two clustering techniques of water quality for canals in Bangkok were compared: K-means and Fuzzy c-means. The result illustrated that K-means has a better performance. As a result, K-means cluster was used to classify 24 canals of 344 records of surface ... Keywords: K-means clustering, surface water quality, watershed management

Sirilak Areerachakul; Siripun Sanguansintukul

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Quantum frieze patterns in quantum cluster algebras of type A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a quantisation of the Coxeter-Conway frieze patterns and prove that they realise quantum cluster variables in quantum cluster algebras associated with linearly oriented Dynkin quivers of type A. As an application, we obtain the explicit polynomials arising from the lower bound phenomenon in these quantum cluster algebras.

Burelle, Jean-Philippe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Workload-Aware Load Balancing for Clustered Web Servers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We focus on load balancing policies for homogeneous clustered Web servers that tune their parameters on-the-fly to adapt to changes in the arrival rates and service times of incoming requests. The proposed scheduling policy, AdaptLoad, monitors the incoming ... Keywords: Clustered Web servers, self-managing clusters, load balance, locality awareness, workload characterization, static and dynamic pages.

Qi Zhang; Alma Riska; Wei Sun; Evgenia Smirni; Gianfranco Ciardo

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Web Information Organization Using Keyword Distillation Based Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a system that conducts search result clustering for several thousands of Web pages, and elaborates cluster labels through keyword distillation. Keyword distillation is a method that properly handles spelling variations, transliterations, ... Keywords: clustering, open search engine, keyword unification

Tomohide Shibata; Yasuo Bamba; Keiji Shinzato; Sadao Kurohashi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Employing transport layer multi-railing in cluster networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building clusters from commodity off-the-shelf parts is a well-established technique for building inexpensive medium- to large-size computing clusters. Many commodity mid-range motherboards come with multiple Gigabit Ethernet interfaces, and the low ... Keywords: Cluster, Concurrent Multipath Transfer, MPI, Middleware, Multi-railing, Network interfaces, SCTP, TCP, Transport protocol

Brad Penoff; Humaira Kamal; Alan Wagner; Mike Tsai; Karol Mroz; Janardhan Iyengar

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On the statistical detection of clusters in undirected networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of network clustering algorithms is to assign each node in a network to one of several mutually exclusive groups based upon the observed edge set. Of the network clustering algorithms widely available, most make the effort to maximize the modularity ... Keywords: Community structure detection, Hypothesis testing, Log-likelihood, Log-likelihood ratio, Network clustering, Undirected networks

Marcus B. Perry, Gregory V. Michaelson, M. Alan Ballard

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Data Assimilation F. J. Barnes and W. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F. J. Barnes and W. Porch F. J. Barnes and W. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545 K. E. Kunkel Illinois State Water Survey Champaign, IL 61820 Introduction To address some of the issues in scaling and averaging of measurements, U.S. Department of Energy laboratories funded under the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program conducted collaborative field campaigns in June 1991 and 1992. We selected a site in Boardman, Oregon, with two distinct regions where the sensible and latent heat fluxes would differ sharply and where each region was sufficiently extensive enough to allow full development of boundary layers and use of aircraft- mounted instrument systems (Barnes et al. 1992, Doran et al.1992). Measurements were clustered along a 16-km transect across adjoining irrigated farmland and semi-arid

295

Forest fire near Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forest fire near Los Alamos National Laboratory Forest fire near Los Alamos National Laboratory Forest fire near Los Alamos National Laboratory The Las Conchas fire burning in the Jemez Mountains approximately 12 miles southwest of the boundary of LANL has not entered Lab property at this time. June 26, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

296

Seven Los Alamos scientists earn AAAS honors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seven Los Alamos scientists earn AAAS honors Seven Los Alamos scientists earn AAAS honors Seven Los Alamos scientists earn AAAS honors The Fellows are Richard Sayre, John Gordon, Jeanne Robinson, Jaqueline Kiplinger, Bryon Goldstein, Alexander Balatsky and Quanxi Jia. December 15, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

297

Los Alamos Public Schools recommended for accreditation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos Schools Recommended For Accreditation Los Alamos Schools Recommended For Accreditation Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Los Alamos Public Schools recommended for accreditation Los Alamos Public Schools has taken the unusual step of working to obtain accreditation for its entire district. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email We knew as a school system we had a lot going for us, but we wanted additional perspectives on areas where we needed to do more work. While virtually all high schools in the country are accredited so their students can qualify for admission to a full array of colleges, Los Alamos Public Schools has taken the unusual step of working to obtain

298

Los Alamos director echoes cyber concerns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos director echoes cyber concerns Los Alamos director echoes cyber concerns Los Alamos director echoes cyber concerns Director Charlie McMillan told a gathering of energy executives that securing the electrical grid is a major concern now and it's only becoming more serious. May 21, 2013 Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan (right), with, from left, Anthony Cugini of the National Energy Technology Laboratory, Thom Mason of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Tomas Diaz de la Rubia of Deloitte Consulting LLP. Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan (right), with, from left, Anthony Cugini of the National Energy Technology Laboratory, Thom Mason of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Tomas Diaz de la Rubia of Deloitte Consulting LLP. Contact Fred deSousa

299

Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National Laboratory Trails Management Program, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 31 Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National Laboratory Trails Management Program, Los Alamos, New Mexico September 2, 2003 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for the Proposed LANL Trails Management Program DOE LASO September 2, 2003 iii Contents Acronyms and Terms................................................................................................................................vii Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................................ix 1.0 Purpose and Need ..............................................................................................................................1

300

Oversight Reports - Los Alamos National Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Oversight Reports - Los Alamos National Laboratory January 18, 2013 Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2013 Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Corrective Action Effectiveness Review January 14, 2013 Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2013 Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Engineering Tritium Facility Tritium Gas Containment Vital Safety System October 2, 2012 Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - August 2012 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Visit and Site Lead Planning Activities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory [HIAR LANL-2012-08-16] August 24, 2012 Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - July 2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A transduction-based approach to fuzzy clustering, relevance ranking and cluster label generation on web search results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details a modular, self-contained web search results clustering system that enhances search results by (i) performing clustering on lists of web documents returned by queries to search engines, and (ii) ranking the results and labeling the ... Keywords: Fuzzy clustering, Label generation, Relevance transduction, Web search ranking

Takazumi Matsumoto; Edward Hung

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Visualization Clusters | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eureka Eureka Analytics and Visualization Visualization Clusters Tukey Tukey is the ALCF's newest analysis and visualization cluster. Equipped with state-of-the-art graphics processing units (GPUs), Tukey converts computational data from Mira into high-resolution visual representations. The resulting images, videos, and animations help users to better analyze and understand the data generated by Mira. Tukey can also be used for statistical analysis, helping to pinpoint trends in the simulation data. Additionally, the system is capable of preprocessing efforts, such as meshing, to assist users preparing for Mira simulations. Tukey shares the Mira network and parallel file system, enabling direct access to Mira-generated results. Configuration Two 2 GHz 8-core AMD Opteron CPUs per node

303

How does clustering depend on environment?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the current paradigm, galaxies form and reside in extended cold dark matter (CDM) halos and in turn are key tracers of cosmological structure. Understanding how different types of galaxies occupy halos of different masses is one of the major challenges facing extragalactic astrophysics. The observed galaxy properties depend on the environment surrounding the galaxy. Within the framework of most galaxy formation models the environmental dependence of the galaxy population is mainly due to the change of the halo mass function with large-scale environment. Such models make precise predictions for how galaxy clustering should depend on environment. We will illustrate this by presenting analytical models of dark matter and galaxy clustering along with results obtained from numerical simulations. With these results we can hope to obtain a better understanding of the link between galaxies and dark matter and thereby constrain galaxy formation models.

Ummi Abbas; Ravi K. Sheth

2004-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

304

Graph clustering with network structure indices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graph clustering has become ubiquitous in the study of relational data sets. We examine two simple algorithms: a new graphical adaptation of the k-medoids algorithm and the Girvan-Newman method based on edge betweenness centrality. We show that they can be effective at discovering the latent groups or communities that are defined by the link structure of a graph. However, both approaches rely on prohibitively expensive computations, given the size of modern relational data sets. Network structure indices (NSIs) are a proven technique for indexing network structure and efficiently finding short paths. We show how incorporating NSIs into these graph clustering algorithms can overcome these complexity limitations. We also present promising quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the modified algorithms on synthetic and real data sets. 1.

Matthew J. Rattigan; Marc Maier; David Jensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Synchronization and clustering in electroencephalographic signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree of synchronization and the amount of dynamical cluster formation in electroencephalographic (EEG) signals are characterized by employing two order parameters introduced in the context of coupled chaotic systems subject to external noise. These parameters are calculated in EEG signals from a group of healthy subjects and a group of epileptic patients, including a patient experiencing an epileptic crisis. The evolution of these parameters shows the occurrence of intermittent synchronization and clustering in the brain activity during an epileptic crisis. Significantly, the existence of an instantaneous maximum of synchronization previous to the onset of a crisis is revealed by this procedure. The mean values of the order parameters and their standard deviations are compared between both groups of individuals.

M. Escalona-Moran; M. G. Cosenza; P. Guillen; P. Coutin

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measuring energy consumption of a database cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Energy consumption of database servers is a growing concern for companies as it is a critical part of a data center’s cost. To address the rising cost and the waste of energy, a new paradigm called GreenIT arose. Hardware and software developers are aiming at more energy-efficient systems. To improve the energy footprint of database servers, we developed a cluster of small-scale nodes, that can be dynamically powered dependent on the workload. This demo shows the measurement framework we set up to measure hardware components as well as an entire cluster of nodes. We’ll exhibit the measurement devices for components and servers and show the system’s behavior under varying workloads. Attendees will be able to adjust workloads and experience their impact on energy consumption. 1

Volker Hudlet; Daniel Schall; Ag Dbis; Tu Kaiserslautern

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Thermodynamic Model for Receptor Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intracellular signaling often arises from ligand-induced oligomerization of cell surface receptors. This oligomerization or clustering process is fundamentally a cooperative behavior between near-neighbor receptor molecules; the properties of this cooperative process clearly affects the signal transduction. Recent investigations have revealed the molecular basis of receptor-receptor interactions, but a simple theoretical framework for using this data to predict cluster formation has been lacking. Here, we propose a simple, coarse-grained, phenomenological model for ligand-modulated receptor interactions and discuss its equilibrium properties via mean-field theory. The existence of a first-order transition for this model has immediate implications regarding the robustness of the cellular signaling response.

Chinlin Guo; Herbert Levine

1999-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dynamics of Planetary Systems in Star Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At least 10-15% of nearby sun-like stars have known Jupiter-mass planets. In contrast, very few planets are found in mature open and globular clusters such as the Hyades and 47 Tuc. We explore here the possibility that this dichotomy is due to the post-formation disruption of planetary systems associated with the stellar encounters in long-lived clusters. One supporting piece of evidence for this scenario is the discovery of freely floating low-mass objects in star forming regions. We use two independent numerical approaches, a hybrid Monte Carlo and a direct $N$-body method, to simulate the impact of the encounters. We show that the results of numerical simulations are in reasonable agreement with analytical determinations in the adiabatic and impulsive limits. They indicate that distant stellar encounters generally do not significantly modify the compact and nearly circular orbits. However, moderately close stellar encounters, which are likely to occur in dense clusters, can excite planets' orbital eccentricity and induce dynamical instability in systems which are closely packed with multiple planets. We compute effective cross sections for the dissolution of planetary systems and show that, for all initial eccentricities, dissolution occurs on time scales which are longer than the dispersion of small stellar associations, but shorter than the age of typical open and globular clusters. Although it is much more difficult to disrupt short-period planets, close encounters can excite modest eccentricity among them, such that subsequent tidal dissipation leads to orbital decay, tidal inflation, and even disruption of the close-in planets.

R. Spurzem; M. Giersz; D. C. Heggie; D. N. C. Lin

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

309

SIMILARITIES IN POPULATIONS OF STAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

We compare the observed mass functions and age distributions of star clusters in six well-studied galaxies: the Milky Way, Magellanic Clouds, M83, M51, and Antennae. In combination, these distributions span wide ranges of mass and age: 10{sup 2} {approx}< M/M{sub Sun} {approx}< 10{sup 6} and 10{sup 6} {approx}< {tau}/yr {approx}< 10{sup 9}. We confirm that the distributions are well represented by power laws: dN/dM{proportional_to}M{sup {beta}} with {beta} Almost-Equal-To -1.9 and dN/d{tau}{proportional_to}{tau}{sup {gamma}} with {gamma} Almost-Equal-To -0.8. The mass and age distributions are approximately independent of each other, ruling out simple models of mass-dependent disruption. As expected, there are minor differences among the exponents at a level close to the true uncertainties, {epsilon}{sub {beta}} {approx} {epsilon}{sub {gamma}} {approx} 0.1-0.2. However, the overwhelming impression is the similarity of the mass functions and age distributions of clusters in these different galaxies, including giant and dwarf, quiescent and interacting galaxies. This is an important empirical result, justifying terms such as 'universal' or 'quasi-universal'. We provide a partial theoretical explanation for these observations in terms of physical processes operating during the formation and disruption of the clusters, including star formation and feedback, subsequent stellar mass loss, and tidal interactions with passing molecular clouds. A full explanation will require additional information about the molecular clumps and star clusters in galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

Fall, S. Michael [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Chandar, Rupali, E-mail: fall@stsci.edu, E-mail: rupali.chandar@utoledo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

310

Discontinuous structure transition in a Debye cluster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the structural phases of a cluster of identical particles confined in a two-dimensional biharmonic well and interacting through a screened Coulomb (Yukawa) potential (e.g., dusty plasma). For n = 6 particles, we show that there are one discontinuous and three continuous structure transitions, giving five structure phases. Two of these phases, the straight line and zigzag configurations, have previously been studied experimentally. We experimentally verify the discontinuous transition and observe the remaining three phases.

Sheridan, T. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio 45810 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Additive spectral method for fuzzy cluster analysis of similarity data including community structure and affinity matrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An additive spectral method for fuzzy clustering is proposed. The method operates on a clustering model which is an extension of the spectral decomposition of a square matrix. The computation proceeds by extracting clusters one by one, which makes the ... Keywords: Additive fuzzy clustering, Community structure, Lapin transformation, One-by-one clustering, Research activity structure, Spectral fuzzy clustering

Boris Mirkin; Susana Nascimento

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

EIS-0238: Continued Operation of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

238: Continued Operation of the Los Alamos National 238: Continued Operation of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico EIS-0238: Continued Operation of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico Summary This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to continue operating the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) located in Los Alamos County, in north-central New Mexico. DOE has identified and assessed four alternatives for the operation of LANL: (1) No Action, (2) Expanded Operations, (3) Reduced Operations, and (4) Greener. Expanded Operations is DOE's Preferred Alternative, with the exception that DOE would only implement pit manufacturing at a level of 20 pits per year. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download

313

A WISE VIEW OF STAR FORMATION IN LOCAL GALAXY CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

We present results from a systematic study of star formation in local galaxy clusters using 22 {mu}m data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). The 69 systems in our sample are drawn from the Cluster Infall Regions Survey, and all have robust mass determinations. The all-sky WISE data enable us to quantify the amount of star formation, as traced by 22 {mu}m, as a function of radius well beyond R{sub 200}, and investigate the dependence of total star formation rate upon cluster mass. We find that the fraction of star-forming galaxies increases with cluster radius but remains below the field value even at 3R{sub 200}. We also find that there is no strong correlation between the mass-normalized total specific star formation rate and cluster mass, indicating that the mass of the host cluster does not strongly influence the total star formation rate of cluster members.

Chung, Sun Mi; Gonzalez, Anthony H. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Eisenhardt, Peter R.; Stern, Daniel [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Stanford, Spencer A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Brodwin, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Jarrett, Thomas, E-mail: schung@astro.ufl.edu [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

314

Effective Graph Clustering for Path Queries in Digital Map Databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an experimental evaluation of graph clustering strategies in terms of their effectiveness in optimizing I/O for path query processing in digital map databases. Clustering optimization is attractive because it does not incurs any run-time cost, and is complimentary to many of the existing techniques in path query optimization. We first propose a novel graph clustering technique, called Spatial Partition Clustering (SPC), that creates balanced partitions of links based on the spatial proximity of their origin nodes. We then select three alternative clustering techniques from the literature, namely two-way partitioning, approximately topological clustering, and random clustering, to compare their performance in path query processing with SPC. Experimental evaluation indicates that our SPC performs the best for the high-locality graphs (such as GIS maps), whereas the two-way partitioning approach performs the best for no-locality random graphs. 1 Introduction 1....

Yun-Wu Huang; Ning Jing; Elke A. Rundensteiner

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Enforcement Letter - Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 1997 7, 1997 Dr. Sigfried S. Hecker [ ] Los Alamos National Laboratory P.O. Box 1663 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Subject: Noncompliance Report NTS-ALO-LA-LANL-LANL-1996-0004 Dear Dr. Hecker: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE's) evaluation of potential noncompliances with the requirements of 10 CFR 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule). The noncompliances involved the failure of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to adequately implement the requirements contained in the governing quality assurance standard for stockpile evaluations in the areas of work controls and procedural compliance. As a result of these failures, an explosion and fire occurred at the [ ] on November 14, 1996.

316

NEW HOT LABORATORY FACILITIES AT LOS ALAMOS  

SciTech Connect

New Hot Laboratory Facilities which support three major research programs directed by the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory of the University of California are described. For the Nuclear Rocket Propulsion Program, a hot cell addition to the Radio Chemistry Building at Los Alamos will be completed early in 1963, and construction is expected to start soon on the hot cell addition to the Maintenance, Assembly and Disassembly Building at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Nevada. Integral hot laboratories are designed in the facilities for the Ultra High Temperature Reactor Experiment and the Fast Reactor Core Test at Los Alamos. (auth)

Wherritt, C.R.; Franke, P.; Field, R.E.; Lyle, A.R.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

County of Los Angeles, California | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California Jump to: navigation, search Name County of Los Angeles Place Los Angeles, CA Website http://www.countyoflosangeles. References County of Los Angeles, California[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! County of Los Angeles, California is a company located in Los Angeles, CA. References ↑ "County of Los Angeles, California" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=County_of_Los_Angeles,_California&oldid=379305" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies

318

Los Alamos National Laboratory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Name Los Alamos National Laboratory Address P.O. Box 1663 Place Los Alamos, New Mexico Zip 87545 Year founded 1943 Coordinates 35.8849°, -106.3236° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.8849,"lon":-106.3236,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Los Alamos National Laboratory names cleanup subcontractors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cleanup subcontractors named Cleanup subcontractors named Los Alamos National Laboratory names cleanup subcontractors The three companies are Los Alamos Technical Associates (LATA), Portage Inc., and ARSEC Environmental, LLC (ARSEC). August 14, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Fred deSousa

320

Los Alamos scientists monitor Santa's magical journey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Los Alamos scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Los Alamos trackers will use state-of-the-art technology to mark the course taken by St. Nick and his eight tiny and highly efficient reindeer. December 21, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

City of Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet compares emissions testing of Dual-Fuel liquefied natural gas (LNG) and diesel Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation refuse trucks, performed by DOE's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity.

Not Available

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Metropolis Fellowship, ASC: Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ulam and John von Neumann, of the Monte Carlo method. He came to Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project and spent most of his career there. For more information please see...

323

Publications of Los Alamos research 1988  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This bibliography lists unclassified publications of work done at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 1988. The entries, which are subdivided by broad subject categories, are cross-referenced with an author index and a numeric index.

Varjabedian, K.; Dussart, S.A.; McClary, W.J.; Rich, J.A. (comps.)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Los Alamos Lab: Fossil Energy & Environment, Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jutta Kayser 505-663-5649 Program Manager Melissa Fox 505-663-5538 A New Era for Fossil Fuels The Office of Fossil Energy and Environment (FE) is the focal point for Los...

325

Environmental surveillance at Los Alamos during 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report describes environmental monitoring activities at Los Alamos National Laboratory for 1994. Data were collected to assess external penetrating radiation, airborne emissions, liquid effluents, radioactivity of environmental materials and food stuffs, and environmental compliance.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Los Alamos imager aboard IBEX space mission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the emerging scientific field of quantitative biology. October 17, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez...

327

Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world The latest list of the TOP500 computers in the world continued to place the Roadrunner supercomputer as fastest in the world...

328

Internship at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. It provides support for our country's nuclear weapon stockpile as well as many other scientific research projects. I am an Undergraduate Student Intern in the Systems Design and Analysis group within the Nuclear Nonproliferation division of the Global Security directorate at LANL. I have been tasked with data analysis and modeling of particles in a fluidized bed system for the capture of carbon dioxide from power plant flue gas.

Dunham, Ryan Q. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

Migration Mechanisms of Oxygen Interstitial Clusters in UO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the migration kinetics of radiation-induced point defects and defect clusters is a key to predicting the microstructural evolution and mass transport in nuclear fuels. Although the diffusion kinetics of point defects in UO2 is well explored both experimentally and theoretically, the kinetics of defect clusters is not well understood. In this work the migration mechanisms of oxygen interstitial clusters of size one to five atoms (1Oi – 5Oi) in UO2 are investigated by temperature-accelerated dynamics simulations without any a priori assumptions of migration mechanisms. It is found that the migration paths of oxygen interstitial clusters are complex and non-intuitive and that multiple migration paths and barriers exist for some clusters. It is also found that the cluster migration barrier does not increase with increasing cluster size and its magnitude has the following order: 2Oi < 3Oi < 1Oi < 5Oi < 4Oi. Possible finite-size effects are checked with three different sized systems. The results show good agreement with other available experimental and theoretical data. In particular, the relatively large migration barriers of cuboctahedral clusters (4Oi and 5Oi) are in good agreement with the experimentally measured oxygen diffusion activation energy in U4O9, which is thought to contain many such clusters. The cluster migration sequence may explain the interesting relationship between the oxygen diffusivity and stoichiometry in UO2+x.

Xian-Ming Bai; Anter El-Azab; Jianguo Yu; Todd R. Allen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

An Equal Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Los Alamos Postdoc Program Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Equal Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Los / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA provide you with an invoice before we receive Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Los Alamos Postdoc Career

331

Enforcement Documents - Los Alamos National Laboratory | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Enforcement Documents - Los Alamos National Laboratory February 12, 2013 Enforcement Letter, NEL-2013-02 Issued to Los Alamos National Security, LLC related to a Radiological Contamination Event at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory April 15, 2011 Preliminary Notice of Violation, Los Alamos National Laboratory, LLC - NEA-2011-01 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Los Alamos National Security, LLC related to Unanticipated Extremity Exposures at the Los Alamos National Laboratory January 4, 2008 Special Report Order, Los Alamos National Security, LLC - January 4, 2008 Issued to Los Alamos National Security, LLC related to Glovebox Activities at TA-55 and Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Facilities at the Los Alamos

332

Los Alamos improves biomass-to-fuel process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos improves biomass-to-fuel process Los Alamos improves biomass-to-fuel process Los Alamos scientists published an article in the scientific journal Nature Chemistry that...

333

2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Los Alamos Site Office ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Annual Planning Summary for the Los Alamos Site Office 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Los Alamos Site Office 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Los Alamos Site Office The...

334

Clustering Properties of Dynamical Dark Energy Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a generic but physically clear discussion of the clustering properties of dark energy models. We explicitly show that in quintessence-type models the dark energy fluctuations, on scales smaller than the Hubble radius, are of the order of the perturbations to the Newtonian gravitational potential, hence necessarily small on cosmological scales. Moreover, comparable fluctuations are associated with different gauge choices. We also demonstrate that the often used homogeneous approximation is unrealistic, and that the so-called dark energy mutation is a trivial artifact of an effective, single fluid description. Finally, we discuss the particular case where the dark energy fluid is coupled to dark matter.

P. P. Avelino; L. M. G. Beca; C. J. A. P. Martins

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Understanding High-Temperature Superconductors with Quantum Cluster Theories  

SciTech Connect

Quantum cluster theories are a set of approaches for the theory of correlated and disordered lattice systems, which treat correlations within the cluster explicitly, and correlations at longer length scales either perturbatively or within a mean-field approximation. These methods become exact when the cluster size diverges, and most recover the corresponding (dynamical) mean-field approximation when the cluster size becomes one. Here we will review systematic dynamical cluster simulations of the two-dimensional Hubbard model, that display phenomena remarkably similar to those found in the cuprates, including antiferromagnetism, superconductivity and pseudogap behavior. We will then discuss results for the structure of the pairing mechanism in this model, obtained from a combination of dynamical cluster results and diagrammatic techniques.

Maier, Thomas A [ORNL; Jarrell, Mark [University of Cincinnati; Scalapino, Douglas [University of California, Santa Barbara

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Electronic Structure and Geometries of Small Compound Metal Clusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the tenure of the DOE grant DE-FG05-87EI145316 we have concentrated on equilibrium geometries, stability, and the electronic structure of transition metal-carbon clusters (met-cars), clusters designed to mimic the chemistry of atoms, and reactivity of homo-nuclear metal clusters and ions with various reactant molecules. It is difficult to describe all the research the authors have accomplished as they have published 38 papers. In this report, they outline briefly the salient features of their work on the following topics: (1) Designer Clusters: Building Blocks for a New Class of Solids; (2) Atomic Structure, Stability, and Electronic Properties of Metallo-Carbohedrenes; (3) Reactivity of Metal Clusters with H{sub 2} and NO; and (4) Anomalous Spectroscopy of Li{sub 4} Clusters.

NONE

1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

NREL: Process Development and Integration Laboratory - Silicon Cluster Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Silicon Cluster Tool Capabilities Silicon Cluster Tool Capabilities Photo of a cylindrical metal chamber surrounded by numerous other smaller cylindrical or rectangular chambers. Each tool has several flanges and is typically held within a metal frame or rack. A computer is on a table in front of a cabinet of electronic equipment. Silicon cluster tool in the Process Development and Integration Laboratory. The Silicon cluster tool within the Process Development and Integration Laboratory is a 10-port cluster tool designed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and manufactured by MVSystems. It handles standard 157-mm x 157-mm samples introduced into the central 10-6 torr vacuum chamber via a load lock. From there, a robotic arm moves samples from one chamber to another within the cluster tool. Contact Qi Wang for more

338

Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of No Significant Impact for the Los Alamos National Laboratory Proposed Trails Management Program, Los Alamos, New Mexico U. S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security...

339

LANL | Partnering | User Facility - Los Alamos National Lab ...  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

340

LANL | TT | License | Software - Los Alamos National Lab: National ...  

Los Alamos National Laboratory • Est 1943 . Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

LANL | TT | Awards - Los Alamos National Lab: National Security ...  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

342

LANL | Partnering | Sample Agreements - Los Alamos National Lab ...  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

343

LANL | Technology Transfer | LAVA - Los Alamos National Lab ...  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

344

LANL | Partnering | Agreements - Los Alamos National Lab: National ...  

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. Inside | © Copyright 2010-11 Los Alamos National Security, ...

345

Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CM Configuration Management DOE U.S. Department of Energy FSS Fire Suppression System HSS Office of Health, Safety and Security LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LASO Los...

346

California--Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) California--Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million...

347

Los Alamos improves biomass-to-fuel process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomass-to-fuel Process Improved Los Alamos improves biomass-to-fuel process Los Alamos scientists and collaborators published an article in the scientific journal Nature Chemistry...

348

Workforce Statistics - Los Alamos Field Office | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Statistics - Los Alamos Field Office Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - Los Alamos...

349

Los Angeles, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in Los Angeles, California University of Southern California-Energy...

350

Four of Popular Science's 100 best innovations from Los Alamos...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Los Alamos, Sandia Four of Popular Science's 100 best innovations from 2013 are from NNSA national laboratories. Los Alamos National Laboratory's MiniMAX was recognized in the...

351

Los Alamos National Laboratory | National Nuclear Security Administrat...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Laboratory: The NNSA Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is a design laboratory responsible for the safety and reliability of the nuclear...

352

Four of Popular Science's 100 best innovations from Los Alamos...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

from Los Alamos, Sandia, Livermore Posted By Office of Public Affairs Popular Science lists three of 100 best innovations from Los Alamos, Sandia Four of Popular Science's...

353

Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Office of Health, Safety and Security LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LASO Los Alamos Site Office NFPA National Fire Protection Association SFD Safety Function Definition...

354

Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental monitoring stations, canyons Stations supporting Santa...

355

Los Alamos National Laboratory board renews plan for education...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL board renews giving plan Los Alamos National Laboratory board renews plan for education, economic development, charitable giving The Los Alamos National Security, LLC Board of...

356

Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for Environmental Work Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for Environmental Work September...

357

Los Alamos National Laboratory names Jeffrey Mousseau Associate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cleanup Projects LOS ALAMOS, N.M., September 18, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced that Jeffrey Mousseau has been hired as the new associate director...

358

FRIDAY: Secretary Chu and Mayor Villaraigosa to Highlight Los...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu and Mayor Villaraigosa to Highlight Los Angeles Electric Vehicle Deployment Success FRIDAY: Secretary Chu and Mayor Villaraigosa to Highlight Los Angeles Electric...

359

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of...

360

Clean Tech Los Angeles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Los Angeles Los Angeles Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Tech Los Angeles Place Los Angeles, California Zip 90017 Region Southern CA Area Notes Collaboration between CRA/LA, Caltech, DWP, JPL, Mayor's Office, Port UCLA, and USC to establish Los Angeles as the global leader in research, commercialization, and deployment of clean technologies Website http://cleantechlosangeles.org Coordinates 34.0543797°, -118.2672801° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.0543797,"lon":-118.2672801,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Leverage Causes Fat Tails and Clustered Volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We build a very simple model of leveraged asset purchases with margin calls. Investment funds use what is perhaps the most basic financial strategy, called 'value investing', i.e. systematically attempting to buy underpriced assets. When funds do not borrow, the price fluctuations of the asset are normally distributed and uncorrelated across time. All this changes when the funds are allowed to leverage, i.e. borrow from a bank, to purchase more assets than their wealth would otherwise permit. When funds use leverage, price fluctuations become heavy tailed and display clustered volatility, similar to what is observed in real markets. Previous explanations of fat tails and clustered volatility depended on 'irrational behavior', such as trend following. We show that the immediate cause of the increase in extreme risks in our model is the risk control policy of the banks: A prudent bank makes itself locally safer by putting a limit to leverage, so when a fund exceeds its leverage limit, it must partially repay it...

Thurner, Stefan; Geanakoplos, John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Fast identification of gene clusters in prokaryotic genomes - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

support can hide some parts of interesting clusters, if the data set contains ... We now describe the application of our algorithm to a data set composed of 12 ...

363

Formal models of gene clusters - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The detection of conserved gene clusters is a challenge for both the biologi- ..... depending on both the combinatorial nature of the considered data (strings or.

364

The global optimization of Morse clusters by potential energy ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2003 ... The global optimization of Morse clusters by potential energy ... increase the efficiency in locating the known global minima and also to discover ...

365

Theoretical Investigation on Interplay of Defect Clusters and Fission ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prominent effect of the self-defect clusters in bulk matrix on the thermodynamic behavior of fission gases is found, a thermodynamic competition between the ...

366

The smartest house in Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Smartest House In Los Alamos The Smartest House In Los Alamos Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit The smartest house in Los Alamos The first project in the United States to demonstrate how "smart grid" technology could provide residential customers with a significant amount of their electricity from renewable resources is open and getting ready for visitors. October 1, 2012 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email The first project in the United States to demonstrate how "smart grid" technology could provide residential customers with a significant amount of their electricity from renewable resources is open and getting ready for

367

Los Alamos identifies internal material control issue  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal material control issue Internal material control issue Los Alamos identifies internal material control issue The error relates to internal inventory and accounting that documents movement of sensitive materials within a small portion of Technical Area 55. February 26, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

368

Los Alamos researchers create 'map of science'  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Map of science Map of science Los Alamos researchers create 'Map of Science' A high-resolution graphic depiction of the virtual trails scientists leave behind when they retrieve information from online services. March 11, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact James E. Rickman

369

Los Alamos National Laboratory sponsors Hazmat Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hazmat Challenge Hazmat Challenge Los Alamos National Laboratory sponsors Hazmat Challenge The challenge provides hazardous materials responders the opportunity to network and learn new techniques under realistic conditions in a safe environment. July 27, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

370

Los Alamos wins 2008 Pollution Prevention awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Pollution Prevention awards 2008 Pollution Prevention awards Los Alamos wins 2008 Pollution Prevention awards Winner of two Best-in-Class Pollution Prevention awards and six Environmental Stewardship awards from the National Nuclear Security Administration. February 7, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

371

Los Alamos National Security supports community nonprofits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANS supports community nonprofits LANS supports community nonprofits Los Alamos National Security supports community nonprofits Nonprofit organizations are receiving more than $80,300 as a result of the volunteer efforts of LANL employees and retirees. June 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact

372

Publications of Los Alamos research 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This bibliography is a compilation of unclassified publications of work done at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 1980. Papers published in 1980 are included regardless of when they were actually written. Publications received too late for inclusion in earlier compilations have also been listed. Declassification of previously classified reports is considered to constitute publication. All classified issuances are omitted-even those papers, themselves unclassified, which were published only as part of a classified document. If a paper was pubished more than once, all places of publication are included. The bibliography includes Los Alamos National Laboratory reports, papers released as non-laboratory reports, journal articles, books, chapters of books, conference papers published either separately or as part of conference proceedings issued as books or reports, papers published in congressional hearings, theses, and US patents. Publications by Los Alamos authors that are not records of Laboratory-sponsored work are included when the Library becomes aware of them.

Salazar, C.A.; Willis, J.K. (comps.) [comps.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Status of Monte Carlo at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

At Los Alamos the early work of Fermi, von Neumann, and Ulam has been developed and supplemented by many followers, notably Cashwell and Everett, and the main product today is the continuous-energy, general-purpose, generalized-geometry, time-dependent, coupled neutron-photon transport code called MCNP. The Los Alamos Monte Carlo research and development effort is concentrated in Group X-6. MCNP treats an arbitrary three-dimensional configuration of arbitrary materials in geometric cells bounded by first- and second-degree surfaces and some fourth-degree surfaces (elliptical tori). Monte Carlo has evolved into perhaps the main method for radiation transport calculations at Los Alamos. MCNP is used in every technical division at the Laboratory by over 130 users about 600 times a month accounting for nearly 200 hours of CDC-7600 time.

Thompson, W.L.; Cashwell, E.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Publications of Los Alamos Research, 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This bibliography is a compilation of unclassified publications of work done at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 1983. Papers published in 1982 are included regardless of when they were actually written. Publications received too late for inclusion in earlier compilations have also been listed. Declassification of previously classified reports is considered to constitute publication. All classified issuances are omitted - even those papers, themselves unclassified, which were published only as part of a classified document. If a paper was published more than once, all places of publication are included. The bibliography includes Los Alamos National Laboratory reports, papers released as non-Laboratory reports, journal articles, books, chapters of books, conference papers either published separately or as part of conference proceedings issued as books or reports, papers publishd in congressional hearings, theses, and US patents. Publications by Los Alamos authors that are not records of Laboratory-sponsored work are included when the Library becomes aware of them.

Sheridan, C.J.; McClary, W.J.; Rich, J.A.; Rodriguez, L.L. (comps.)

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Clean Cities Award Winning Coalition: Los Angeles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As the second largest city in the United States, Los Angeles has more than 9 million motor vehicles on the road, accounting for up to 60% of the region's air pollution. Clean Cities Los Angeles has pioneered efforts in implementing innovation pollution reduction strategies, using alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). More than 475 compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, and electric vehicles (EVs) have been incorporated into city fleets. They've also launched Quick Charge L.A., a comprehensive EV infrastructure program that has established almost 200 EV charging stations at workplaces, event centers, rail stations, and other sites throughout the city. Clean Cities Los Angeles also leads the way in securing grants for AFV projects.

ICF Kaiser

1999-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

376

Record Series Descriptions: Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Project Y (MED Era Director's Office & Lab Management) Records Director's Office & Laboratory Management Files Director's Office & Laboratory Management Files (microfilm) Robert Underhill Files Records of CMB DO (Chemistry-Metallurgy-Baker Division Offices) GMX-5 (Dynamic Weapons Testing Division), RaLa (Radiolanthanum) Groups Test Records Health Division Central Administrative Records H-4 (Bio-Medical Research Subdivision of Health Division) Central Administrative Records Bio-Medical Research Group, Wright Langham Papers Records of J-Division (Weapons Testing), Central Administrative Files Records of N-Division (Nuclear Rocket Propulsion Division), Rover Program Central Administrative Files Medium Energy Physics Division, Central File Records

377

Clustering based on a near neighbor graph and a grid cell graph  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents two novel graph-clustering algorithms, Clustering based on a Near Neighbor Graph (CNNG) and Clustering based on a Grid Cell Graph (CGCG). CNNG algorithm inspired by the idea of near neighbors is an improved graph-clustering method ... Keywords: Clustering, Grid Cell Graph, Grid cell, Near Neighbor Graph, Near neighbor point set

Xinquan Chen

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

An effective density-based hierarchical clustering technique to identify coherent patterns from gene expression data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an effective tree-based clustering technique (Gene ClusTree) for finding clusters over gene expression data. GeneClusTree attempts to find all the clusters over subspaces using a tree-based density approach by scanning the whole database in ... Keywords: coherent patterns, maximal space cluster, p-value, reduced space cluster, z-score

Sauravjyoti Sarmah; Rosy Das Sarmah; Dhruba Kumar Bhattacharyya

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Data-Fusion in Clustering Microarray Data: Balancing Discovery and Interpretability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While clustering genes remains one of the most popular exploratory tools for expression data, it often results in a highly variable and biologically uninformative clusters. This paper explores a data fusion approach to clustering microarray data. Our ... Keywords: Clustering expression data, Gene Ontology, genomic data fusion, semantic similarity, cluster stability, knowledge-based validation.

Rafal Kustra; Adam Zagdanski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Using a new relational concept to improve the clustering performance of search engines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel clustering algorithm to generate a number of candidate clusters from other web search results. The candidate clusters generate a connective relation among the clusters and the relation is semantic. Moreover, the algorithm ... Keywords: Document clustering, Relational concept, Semantic relation, Web documents, Web search engines

Lin-Chih Chen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An efficient cluster-based self-organisation algorithm for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes an Efficient Cluster-based Self-organisation Algorithm (ECSA) for partitioning Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) into clusters, thus giving at the network a hierarchical organisation. Each sensor uses its weight ... Keywords: WSNs, cluster head, clustering algorithms, energy dissipation, homogeneous clusters, k-density, network lifetime, node weight, residual energy, self-organisation, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Mohamed Lehsaini; Herve Guyennet; Mohammed Feham

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

NWChem at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NWChem NWChem Description NWChem is a computational chemistry package designed to run on high-performance parallel supercomputers as well as conventional workstation clusters. It...

383

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves New Field Discoveries (Million Barrels)

384

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Acquisitions (Million Barrels)

385

Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory- November 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project Orientation Visit

386

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory- July 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Implementation Verification Review at Technical Area-55

387

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory- January 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility Fire Suppression System

388

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory- September 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Review of the Facility Centered Assessment of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Disposition Project

389

Anion photoelectron spectroscopy of radicals and clusters  

SciTech Connect

Anion photoelectron spectroscopy is used to study free radicals and clusters. The low-lying {sup 2}{Sigma} and {sup 2}{Pi} states of C{sub 2n}H (n = 1--4) have been studied. The anion photoelectron spectra yielded electron affinities, term values, and vibrational frequencies for these combustion and astrophysically relevant species. Photoelectron angular distributions allowed the author to correctly assign the electronic symmetry of the ground and first excited states and to assess the degree of vibronic coupling in C{sub 2}H and C{sub 4}H. Other radicals studied include NCN and I{sub 3}. The author was able to observe the low-lying singlet and triplet states of NCN for the first time. Measurement of the electron affinity of I{sub 3} revealed that it has a bound ground state and attachment of an argon atom to this moiety enabled him to resolve the symmetric stretching progression.

Travis, Taylor R.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

390

Exploiting hierarchical parallelisms for molecular dynamics simulation on multicore clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a scalable hierarchical parallelization scheme for molecular dynamics (MD) simulation on multicore clusters. The scheme explores multilevel parallelism combining: (1) Internode parallelism using spatial decomposition via message passing; ... Keywords: Molecular dynamics simulation, Multicore cluster, Scalable hierarchical parallelization scheme, Single instruction multiple data

Liu Peng; Manaschai Kunaseth; Hikmet Dursun; Ken-Ichi Nomura; Weiqiang Wang; Rajiv K. Kalia; Aiichiro Nakano; Priya Vashishta

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Opportunistic Scheduling in Multiuser OFDM Systems with Clustered Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a random access based feedback protocol for multiuser orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) systems with clustered feedback, where users are assigned to clusters of subcarriers based on the feedback of channel state ... Keywords: Limited feedback, OFDMA, Scheduling

Taiwen Tang; Chan-Byoung Chae; Robert W. Heath, Jr.; Sunghyun Cho; Sangboh Yun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Query clustering using content words and user feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Query clustering is crucial for automatically discovering frequently asked queries (FAQs) or most popular topics on a question-answering search engine. Due to the short length of queries, the traditional approaches based on keywords are not suitable ... Keywords: log mining, query clustering, user feedback, web search

Ji-Rong Wen; Jian-Yun Nie; Hong-Jiang Zhang

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Electronic poster: eeclust: energy-efficient cluster computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The eeClust project aims at reducing the energy consumption of applications on a HPC cluster by an integrated approach of analysis, efficient management of hardware power-states and monitoring of the clusters power consumption. The application is traced ... Keywords: analysis, benchmark, energy, monitoring, power

Michael Knobloch; Timo Minartz; Daniel Molka; Stephan Krempel; Thomas Ludwig; Bernd Mohr

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Using `core documents' for the representation of clusters and topics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of `core documents', first introduced in the context of co-citation analysis and later re-introduced for bibliographic coupling, refers to the representation of the core of a publication set according to given criteria. In the present study, ... Keywords: Bibliographic coupling, Cluster analysis, Core documents, Hybrid clustering, Text mining

Wolfgang Glänzel; Bart Thijs

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

BARC: A Battery Aware Reliable Clustering algorithm for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) provides scalability and robustness for the network; it allows spatial reuse of the bandwidth, simpler routing decisions, and results in decreased energy dissipation of the whole system by minimizing the ... Keywords: Battery awareness, Clustering, Hierarchical, Load balancing, Sensor networks

Mohamed K. Watfa; Omar Mirza; Jad Kawtharani

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Spitzer search for cold dust within globular clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globular cluster stars evolving off the main sequence are known to lose mass, and it is expected that some of the lost material should remain within the cluster as an intracluster medium (ICM). Most attempts to detect such an ICM have been unsuccessful. The Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer on the Spitzer Space Telescope was used to observe eight Galactic globular clusters in an attempt to detect the thermal emission from ICM dust. Most clusters do not have significant detections at 70 microns; one cluster, NGC 6341, has tentative evidence for the presence of dust, but 90 micron observations do not confirm the detection. Individual 70 micron point sources which appear in several of the cluster images are likely to be background galaxies. The inferred dust mass and upper limits are solar masses, well below expectations for cluster dust production from mass loss in red and asymptotic giant branch stars. This implies that either globular cluster dust production is less efficient, or that ICM rem...

Barmby, P; Woodward, C E; Gehrz, R D; van Loon, J Th; Fazio, G G; Marengo, M; Polomski, E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Vibrational and electronic properties of clusters and ultrathin films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This covers [approximately] 26 months of research. In addition to clusters and thin films, studies of bulk fullerene and amorphous carbon are also reported. Results and activities are reported under the headings: structure of C[sub 60], dynamics of C[sub 60], Raman scattering of fullerene-based systems, Bi clusters, and amorphous carbon structure.

Lannin, J.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Ant colony clustering using mobile agents as ants and pheromone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach for controlling mobile multiple robots connected by communication networks. The control mechanism is based on a specific Ant Colony Clustering (ACC) algorithm. In traditional ACC, an ant convey an object, but in our ... Keywords: ant colony clustering, intelligent robot control, mobile agent

Masashi Mizutani; Munehiro Takimoto; Yasushi Kambayashi

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE PHOTOMETRY OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IN M81  

SciTech Connect

We perform aperture photometry and profile fitting on 419 globular cluster (GC) candidates with m{sub V} {<=} 23 mag identified in Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys BVI imaging, and estimate the effective radii of the clusters. We identify 85 previously known spectroscopically confirmed clusters, and newly identify 136 objects as good cluster candidates within the 3{sigma} color and size ranges defined by the spectroscopically confirmed clusters, yielding a total of 221 probable GCs. The luminosity function peak for the 221 probable GCs with estimated total dereddening applied is V {approx} (20.26 {+-} 0.13) mag, corresponding to a distance of {approx}3.7 {+-} 0.3 Mpc. The blue and red GC candidates, and the metal-rich and metal-poor spectroscopically confirmed clusters, respectively, are similar in half-light radius. Red confirmed clusters are about 6% larger in median half-light radius than blue confirmed clusters, and red and blue good GC candidates are nearly identical in half-light radius. The total population of confirmed and 'good' candidates shows an increase in half-light radius as a function of galactocentric distance.

Nantais, Julie B. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Concepcion Av. Esteban Iturra s/n Barrio Universitario Casilla 160-C Concepcion (Chile); Huchra, John P.; Zezas, Andreas; Gazeas, Kosmas; Strader, Jay [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Panache: a parallel WAN cache for clustered filesystems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Panache is a scalable, high-performance, remote file data caching solution integrated with the GPFS cluster file system. It leverages the inherent scalability of GPFS to provide a multi-node, consistent cache of data exported by a remote file system ... Keywords: caching, cluster filesystem, pNFS, wide-area network

R. Ananthanarayanan; M. Eshel; R. Haskin; M. Naik; F. Schmuck; R. Tewari

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Review: Clustering of high throughput gene expression data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High throughput biological data need to be processed, analyzed, and interpreted to address problems in life sciences. Bioinformatics, computational biology, and systems biology deal with biological problems using computational methods. Clustering is ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, Clustering, Gene expression data, High throughput data, Microarrays

Harun Pirim; Burak Ek?Io?Lu; Andy D. Perkins; ÇEtin YüCeer

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Surveillance to detect emerging space-time clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interest is on monitoring incoming space-time events to detect an emergent space-time cluster as early as possible. Assume that point process events are continuously recorded in space and time. In a certain unknown moment, a small localized cluster ...

Renato Assunção; Thais Correa

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Competitive Clustering in a Bi-disperse Granular Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bi-disperse granular gas in a compartmentalized system is experimentally found to cluster competitively: Depending on the shaking strength, the clustering can be directed either towards the compartment initially containing mainly small particles, or to the one containing mainly large particles. The experimental observations are quantitatively explained within a flux model.

René Mikkelsen; Devaraj van der Meer; Ko van der Weele; Detlef Lohse

2002-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fuzzy Logic-based Mobility Metric Clustering Algorithm for MANETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile ad-hoc network, MANET is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a temporary communication network without using any existing infrastructure or centralized administration. To reduce routing overhead, computational complexity ... Keywords: Cluster, Fuzzy Clustering, Fuzzy Logic, MANET, Mobility Metric

P. Venkateswaran; Mousumi Kundu; Srishti Shaw; Kanika Orea; R. Nandi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Virtual InfiniBand clusters for HPC clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Performance Computing (HPC) employs fast interconnect technologies to provide low communication and synchronization latencies for tightly coupled parallel compute jobs. Contemporary HPC clusters have a fixed capacity and static runtime environments; ... Keywords: HPC, InfiniBand, cloud computing, cluster, virtualization

Marius Hillenbrand; Viktor Mauch; Jan Stoess; Konrad Miller; Frank Bellosa

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Coscheduling in Clusters: Is It a Viable Alternative?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we conduct an in-depth evaluation of a broad spectrum of scheduling alternatives for clusters. These include the widely used batch scheduling, local scheduling, gang scheduling, all prior communication-driven coscheduling algorithms (Dynamic ... Keywords: Experimentation, Performance Measurement, Scheduling, Coscheduling, Linux Cluster, Myrinet, Batch Scheduling, Gang Scheduling, Energy Consumption

Gyu Sang Choi; Jin-Ha Kim; Deniz Ersoz; Andy B. Yoo; Chita R. Das

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

SPC: The Selective Prioritized Clustering Algorithm for MANETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy conservation is the major issue of concern for MANETs [1], [2] as terminals are battery operated. We propose an algorithm called selective prioritized clustering (SPC), to reduce power consumption at network level. It uses topology control and ... Keywords: Energy consumption, clustering, global and local path, topology control, Ad hoc network

T. Vijeesh; Niranjan Kumar Ray; Ashok Kumar Turuk

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Identifying Objects in Procedural Programs Using Clustering Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a general approach for the identification of objects in procedural programs. The approach is based on neural architectures that perform an unsupervised learning of clusters. We describe two such neural architectures, explain how to ... Keywords: abstract data types, clustering, neural networks, objects

Salwa K. Abd-El-Hafiz

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Hierarchical clustering using correlation metric and spatial continuity constraint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Large data sets are analyzed by hierarchical clustering using correlation as a similarity measure. This provides results that are superior to those obtained using a Euclidean distance similarity measure. A spatial continuity constraint may be applied in hierarchical clustering analysis of images.

Stork, Christopher L.; Brewer, Luke N.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

410

An HI Threshold for Star Cluster Formation in Tidal Debris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Super star clusters are young, compact star clusters found in the central regions of interacting galaxies. Recently, they have also been reported to preferentially form in certain tidal tails, but not in others. In this paper, we have used 21 cm HI maps and the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images of eight tidal tail regions of four merging galaxy pairs to compare the kiloparsec scale HI distribution with the location of super star clusters found from the optical images. For most of the tails, we find that there is an increase in super star cluster density with increasing projected HI column density, such that the star cluster density is highest when log N(HI) >= 20.6 cm^{-2}, but equal to the background count rate at lower HI column density. However, for two tails (NGC 4038/39 Pos A and NGC 3921), there is no significant star cluster population despite the presence of gas at high column density. This implies that the N(HI) threshold is a necessary but not sufficient condition for cluster formation. Gas volume density is likely to provide a more direct criterion for cluster formation, and other factors such as gas pressure or strength of encounter may also have an influence. Comparison of HI thresholds needed for formation of different types of stellar structures await higher resolution HI and optical observations of larger numbers of interacting galaxies.

A. Maybhate; J. Masiero; J. E. Hibbard; J. C. Charlton; C. Palma; K. A. Knierman; J. English

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

Minimizing Remote Accesses in MapReduce Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MapReduce, in particular Hadoop, is a popular framework for the distributed processing of large datasets on clusters of relatively inexpensive servers. Although Hadoop clusters are highly scalable and ensure data availability in the face of server failures, ... Keywords: MapReduce, Hadoop, remote accesses, data placement

Prateek Tandon, Michael J. Cafarella, Thomas F. Wenisch

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Topology-aware tile mapping for clusters of SMPs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a technique to optimize the performance of applications using distributed dense arrays and characterized by a nearest-neighbor communication profile by exploiting the topology of SMP clusters. The topological information is used to map array ... Keywords: clusters of SMPs, communication optimization, data layout optimization, topology awareness

Daniel Chavarría-Miranda; Jarek Nieplocha; Vinod Tipparaju

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Cluster based dynamic routing on powerline carrier network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topology of power line carrier network (PLCN) is complex, fast changeable and its channel is time-variant. To enhance the availability and effectiveness of network communication, a cluster based dynamic routing algorithm (CBDR) is proposed in the paper. ... Keywords: cluster algorithm, dynamic route, powerline carrier network, tree-topology

Hong Li; Wang Kensheng; Li Shurong; Zou Weixia; Zhou Zheng

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Interpreting the Clustering of Distant Red Galaxies  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the angular clustering of z {approx} 2.3 distant red galaxies (DRGs) measured by Quadri et al. (2008). We find that, with robust estimates of the measurement errors and realistic halo occupation distribution modeling, the measured clustering can be well fit within standard halo occupation models, in contrast to previous results. However, in order to fit the strong break in w({theta}) at {theta} = 10{double_prime}, nearly all satellite galaxies in the DRG luminosity range are required to be DRGs. Within this luminosity-threshold sample, the fraction of galaxies that are DRGs is {approx} 44%, implying that the formation of DRGs is more efficient for satellite galaxies than for central galaxies. Despite the evolved stellar populations contained within DRGs at z = 2.3, 90% of satellite galaxies in the DRG luminosity range have been accreted within 500 Myr. Thus, satellite DRGs must have known they would become satellites well before the time of their accretion. This implies that the formation of DRGs correlates with large-scale environment at fixed halo mass, although the large-scale bias of DRGs can be well fit without such assumptions. Further data are required to resolve this issue. Using the observational estimate that {approx} 30% of DRGs have no ongoing star formation, we infer a timescale for star formation quenching for satellite galaxies of 450 Myr, although the uncertainty on this number is large. However, unless all non-star forming satellite DRGs were quenched before accretion, the quenching timescale is significantly shorter than z {approx} 0 estimates. Down to the completeness limit of the Quadri et al sample, we find that the halo masses of central DRGs are {approx} 50% higher than non-DRGs in the same luminosity range, but at the highest halo masses the central galaxies are DRGs only {approx} 2/3 of the time.

Tinker, Jeremy L.; /BCCP, Berkeley; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Zheng, Zheng; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

415

2011 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon Research Conference  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Small particles have been at the heart of nanoscience since the birth of the field and now stand ready to make significant contributions to the big challenges of energy, health and sustainability. Atomic clusters show exquisite size-dependent electronic and magnetic properties and offer a new level of control in catalyses, sensors and biochips; functionalised nanocrystals offer remarkable optical properties and diverse applications in electronic devices, solar energy, and therapy. Both areas are complemented by a raft of recent advances in fabrication, characterization, and performance of a diversity of nanomaterials from the single atom level to nanowires, nanodevices, and biologically-inspired nanosystems. The goal of the 2011 Gordon Conference is thus to continue and enhance the interdisciplinary tradition of this series and discuss the most recent advances, fundamental scientific questions, and emerging applications of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. A single conference covering all aspects of nanoscience from fundamental issues to applications has the potential to create new ideas and stimulate cross fertilization. The meeting will therefore provide a balance among the three sub-components of the conference, true to its title, with a selection of new topics added to reflect rapid advances in the field. The open atmosphere of a Gordon conference, emphasizing the presentation of unpublished results and extensive discussions, is an ideal home for this rapidly developing field and will allow all participants to enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Historically, this Gordon conference has been oversubscribed, so we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Given the important role students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate several talks of this kind from young investigators.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

416

Image & illusion : Los Angeles Film Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To think about Los Angeles is like sitting in front of the television and switching the channels while keeping track of an the shows. It is a complex place: it has many divergent styles and images trying to make up a whole. ...

Swett, Karen

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Los Alamos National Laboratory solar program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported for passive solar tasks performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory during FY 1982. Results on test cell experiments for the 1981-1982 winter are reported, as are Class A performance monitoring, passive cooling, both residential and commercial economic cooling assessments, and thermal effects of distributed mass in passive buildings.

Reisfeld, S.K.; Neeper, D.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Symbolic-numerical Algorithm for Generating Cluster Eigenfunctions: Tunneling of Clusters Through Repulsive Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for quantum tunnelling of a cluster comprising A identical particles, coupled by oscillator-type potential, through short-range repulsive potential barriers is introduced for the first time in the new symmetrized-coordinate representation and studied within the s-wave approximation. The symbolic-numerical algorithms for calculating the effective potentials of the close-coupling equations in terms of the cluster wave functions and the energy of the barrier quasistationary states are formulated and implemented using the Maple computer algebra system. The effect of quantum transparency, manifesting itself in nonmonotonic resonance-type dependence of the transmission coefficient upon the energy of the particles, the number of the particles A=2,3,4, and their symmetry type, is analyzed. It is shown that the resonance behavior of the total transmission coefficient is due to the existence of barrier quasistationary states imbedded in the continuum.

Vinitsky, Sergue; Chuluunbaatar, Ochbadrakh; Rostovtsev, Vitaly; Hai, Luong Le; Derbov, Vladimir; Krassovitskiy, Pavel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for Environmental Work Los Alamos National Laboratory Selects Three Small Businesses for Environmental Work September 23, 2013 - 1:39pm Addthis Remediation work in a Los Alamos canyon, photo from Los Alamos National Laboratory. Remediation work in a Los Alamos canyon, photo from Los Alamos National Laboratory. Editor's Note: This article is from Los Alamos National Laboratory. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., September 23, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory has awarded master task order agreements to three small businesses for environmental support services work worth up to $400 million within a five-year period. The businesses were selected based on a technical proficiency and lowest price basis. The companies-Terranear PMC, Navarro Research and

420

Reduce, reuse, recycle for robust cluster-state generation  

SciTech Connect

Efficient generation of cluster states is crucial for engineering large-scale measurement-based quantum computers. Hybrid matter-optical systems offer a robust, scalable path to this goal. Such systems have an ancilla which acts as a bus connecting the qubits. We show that by generating the cluster in smaller sections of interlocking bricks, reusing one ancilla per brick, the cluster can be produced with maximal efficiency, requiring fewer than half the operations compared with no bus reuse. By reducing the time required to prepare sections of the cluster, bus reuse more than doubles the size of the computational workspace that can be used before decoherence effects dominate. A row of buses in parallel provides fully scalable cluster-state generation requiring only 20 controlled-phase gates per bus use.

Horsman, Clare [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Brown, Katherine L.; Kendon, Vivien M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Munro, William J. [National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan); NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Low work function, stable compound clusters and generation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Low work function, stable compound clusters are generated by co-evaporation of a solid semiconductor (i.e., Si) and alkali metal (i.e., Cs) elements in an oxygen environment. The compound clusters are easily patterned during deposition on substrate surfaces using a conventional photo-resist technique. The cluster size distribution is narrow, with a peak range of angstroms to nanometers depending on the oxygen pressure and the Si source temperature. Tests have shown that compound clusters when deposited on a carbon substrate contain the desired low work function property and are stable up to 600.degree. C. Using the patterned cluster containing plate as a cathode baseplate and a faceplate covered with phosphor as an anode, one can apply a positive bias to the faceplate to easily extract electrons and obtain illumination.

Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA); Hamza, Alex V. (Livermore, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ab initio Monte Carlo investigation of small lithium clusters.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural and thermal properties of small lithium clusters are studied using ab initio-based Monte Carlo simulations. The ab initio scheme uses a Hartree-Fock/density functional treatment of the electronic structure combined with a jump-walking Monte Carlo sampling of nuclear configurations. Structural forms of Li{sub 8} and Li{sub 9}{sup +} clusters are obtained and their thermal properties analyzed in terms of probability distributions of the cluster potential energy, average potential energy and configurational heat capacity all considered as a function of the cluster temperature. Details of the gradual evolution with temperature of the structural forms sampled are examined. Temperatures characterizing the onset of structural changes and isomer coexistence are identified for both clusters.

Srinivas, S.

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Predicting Merger-Induced Gas Motions in LCDM Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the hierarchical structure formation model, clusters of galaxies form through a sequence of mergers and continuous mass accretion, which generate significant random gas motions especially in their outskirts where material is actively accreting. Non-thermal pressure provided by the internal gas motions affects the thermodynamic structure of the X-ray emitting intracluster plasma and introduces biases in the physical interpretation of X-ray and Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect observations. However, we know very little about the nature of gas motions in galaxy clusters. The ASTRO-H X-ray mission, scheduled to launch in 2015, will have a calorimeter capable of measuring gas motions in galaxy clusters at the level of gas motions expected in the LCDM model using hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy cluster formation, focusing on the merger-induced gas motions. We show that the gas velocity dispersion is larger in more massive clusters, but exhibits large ...

Nagai, Daisuke; Avestruz, Camille; Nelson, Kaylea; Rudd, Douglas H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Nuclear Star Clusters in Edge-on Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From observations of edge-on, late-type galaxies, we present morphological evidence that some nuclear star clusters have experienced in situ star formation. We find three nuclear clusters that, viewed from the edge-on perspective, have both a compact disk-like component and a spheroidal component. In each cluster, the disk components are closely aligned with the major axis of the host galaxy and have bluer colors than the spheroidal components. We spectroscopically verify that one of the observed multiple component clusters has multiple generations of stars. These observations lead us to suggest a formation mechanism for nuclear star clusters, in which stars episodically form in compact nuclear disks, and then lose angular momentum, eventually forming an older spheroid.

Anil C. Seth; Julianne J. Dalcanton; Paul W. Hodge; Victor P. Debattista

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

425

Asymmetric explosion of clusters in intense laser fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine asymmetric expansion of argon clusters illuminated by 800 nm laser pulses of duration Almost-Equal-To 23fs, using three-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. For this short pulse duration, laser energy absorption by cluster electrons is dominated by the nonlinear resonance (NLR) absorption process [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123401 (2006)]. In this work, we concentrate, particularly, on the ionic outcome in the NLR regime and show that higher charge states of argon ions are produced along the laser polarization than in the transverse directions leading to the anisotropy (asymmetry) in the ion energy distribution. This anisotropy already established during the short pulse duration (or in the early duration of a long pulse) may contribute to the anisotropic ion emission reported in cluster experiments with pulse duration longer than 100 fs. Our PIC results are compared with a charged-sphere model showing that cluster explosion is mainly due to Coulomb repulsion between the cluster ions.

Kundu, M. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Nuclear Star Clusters in Edge-on Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From observations of edge-on, late-type galaxies, we present morphological evidence that some nuclear star clusters have experienced in situ star formation. We find three nuclear clusters that, viewed from the edge-on perspective, have both a compact disk-like component and a spheroidal component. In each cluster, the disk components are closely aligned with the major axis of the host galaxy and have bluer colors than the spheroidal components. We spectroscopically verify that one of the observed multiple component clusters has multiple generations of stars. These observations lead us to suggest a formation mechanism for nuclear star clusters, in which stars episodically form in compact nuclear disks, and then lose angular momentum, eventually forming an older spheroid. The full results of this study can be found in a forthcoming paper. 1

Anil C. Seth; Julianne J. Dalcanton; Paul W. Hodge; Victor P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

CCD uvbyHbeta Photometry in Clusters: I. The Open Cluster Standard, IC 4651  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCD photometry of the intermediate-age open cluster, IC 4651, on the uvbyHbeta system is presented and analyzed. By using a combination of the information from the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) and the color-color diagrams, a sample of 98 highly probable main sequence cluster members with high photometric accuracy is isolated. From this sample, adopting the intrinsic color relation of Olsen (1988), E(b-y) = 0.062 +/- 0.003 and [Fe/H] = +0.077 +/- 0.012, where the errors quoted are the standard errors of the mean and refer to the internal errors alone. Use of the Nissen (1988) intrinsic color relation produces E(b-y) = 0.071 and [Fe/H] = +0.115. Adopting the lower reddening, a direct main-sequence fit to the Hyades with (m-M) = 3.33 leads to (m-M) = 10.15, while isochrones with convective overshoot and zeroed to the Hyades produce an age of 1.7 +/- 0.1 Gyr, with an excellent match to the morphology of the turnoff. The higher reddening produces (m-M) = 10.3 and an age lower by 0.1 Gyr. Comparison with the CMD of NGC 3680 shows that the two clusters have virtually identical morphology which, in combination with their similar compositions, produces identical ages. Coincidentally, the shifts in the CMD necessary to superpose the two clusters require that the apparent moduli of IC 4651 and NGC 3680 be the same, while E(b-y)(4651) = E(b-y)(3680) + 0.04.

B. J. Anthony-Twarog; B. A. Twarog

1999-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

428

Globular Cluster Ages and the Formation of the Galactic Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main sequence turnoff magnitudes from the recent set of Yale isochrones (Chaboyer \\ea 1995) have been combined with a variety of relations for the absolute magnitude of RR Lyr stars (\\mvrr) to calibrate age as a function of the difference in magnitude between the main sequence turn-off and the horizontal branch (\\dv). A best estimate for the calibration of \\mvrr is derived from a survey of the current literature: $\\mvrr = 0.20 \\feh + 0.98$. This estimate, together with other calibrations (with slopes ranging from 0.15 to 0.30) has been used to derive \\dv ages for 43 Galactic globular clusters. Independent of the choice of \\mvrr, there is no strong evidence for an age-Galacto\\-centric distance relationship among the 43 globular clusters. However, an age-metallicity relation exists, with the metal-poor clusters being the oldest. A study of the age distribution reveals that an age range of 5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the globular clusters. In addition, about 10\\% of the sample are substantially younger, and including them in the analysis increases the age range to 9 Gyr. Once again, these statements are independent of the \\mvrr ~relation. Evidence for age being the second parameter governing horizontal branch morphology is found by comparing the average \\dv ~age of the second parameter clusters to the normal clusters. The second parameter clusters are found to be on average 2 - 3 Gyr younger than the other clusters, which is consistent with age being the second parameter. These results suggest that globular clusters were formed over an extended period of time, with progressively more metal-rich globular clusters ($\\feh \\ga -1.7$) being formed at later times.

Brian Chaboyer; P. Demarque; Ata Sarajedini

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

429

An enhanced clustering algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks to improve the throughput  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) consist of a number of wireless hosts that forms network without a fixed infrastructure. Clustering plays a vital role for MANETs in managing the resources. Clustering involves two processes such as cluster head ...

S. Muthuramalingam; R. Rajaram

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A COMPREHENSIVE GALEX ULTRAVIOLET CATALOG OF STAR CLUSTERS IN M31 AND A STUDY OF THE YOUNG CLUSTERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive catalog of 700 confirmed star clusters in the field of M31 compiled from three major existing catalogs. We detect 418 and 257 star clusters in Galaxy Evolution Explorer near-ultraviolet and far-ultraviolet (FUV) imaging, respectively. Our final catalog includes photometry of star clusters in up to 16 passbands ranging from FUV to NIR as well as ancillary information such as reddening, metallicity, and radial velocities. In particular, this is the most extensive and updated catalog of UV-integrated photometry for M31 star clusters. Ages and masses of star clusters are derived by fitting the multi-band photometry with model spectral energy distribution (SED); UV photometry enables more accurate age estimation of young clusters. Our catalog includes 182 young clusters with ages less than 1 Gyr. Our estimated ages and masses of young clusters are in good agreement with previously determined values in the literature. The mean age and mass of young clusters are about 300 Myr and 10{sup 4} M{sub Sun }, respectively. We found that the compiled [Fe/H] values of young clusters included in our catalog are systematically lower (by more than 1 dex) than those from recent high-quality spectroscopic data and our SED-fitting result. We confirm that most of the young clusters' kinematics shows systematic rotation around the minor axis and association with the thin disk of M31. The young cluster distribution exhibits a distinct peak in the M31 disk around 10-12 kpc from the center and follows a spatial distributions similar to other tracers of disk structure such as OB stars, UV star-forming regions, and dust. Some young clusters also show concentration around the ring splitting regions found in the southern part of the M31 disk and most of them have systematically younger (star formation ring structure in the M31 disk. Consequently, we suggest that various properties of young clusters in M31 might be in line with the scenarios that a satellite galaxy had passed through the disk of M31 less than few hundred million years ago.

Kang, Yongbeom; Rey, Soo-Chang; Lee, Kyungsook; Kim, YoungKwang [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Bianchi, Luciana [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Sohn, Sangmo Tony, E-mail: ybkang@cnu.ac.kr, E-mail: screy@cnu.ac.kr [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

WAS THE SUN BORN IN A MASSIVE CLUSTER?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of authors have argued that the Sun must have been born in a cluster of no more than several thousand stars, on the basis that, in a larger cluster, close encounters between the Sun and other stars would have truncated the outer solar system or excited the outer planets into eccentric orbits. However, this dynamical limit is in tension with meteoritic evidence that the solar system was exposed to a nearby supernova during or shortly after its formation; a several-thousand-star cluster is much too small to produce a massive star whose lifetime is short enough to have provided the enrichment. In this paper, we revisit the dynamical limit in the light of improved observations of the properties of young clusters. We use a series of scattering simulations to measure the velocity-dependent cross-section for disruption of the outer solar system by stellar encounters, and use this cross-section to compute the probability of a disruptive encounter as a function of birth cluster properties. We find that, contrary to prior work, the probability of disruption is small regardless of the cluster mass, and that it actually decreases rather than increases with cluster mass. Our results differ from prior work for three main reasons: (1) unlike in most previous work, we compute a velocity-dependent cross-section and properly integrate over the cluster mass-dependent velocity distribution of incoming stars; (2) we recognize that {approx}90% of clusters have lifetimes of a few crossing times, rather than the 10-100 Myr adopted in many earlier models; and (3) following recent observations, we adopt a mass-independent surface density for embedded clusters, rather than a mass-independent radius as assumed many earlier papers. Our results remove the tension between the dynamical limit and the meteoritic evidence, and suggest that the Sun was born in a massive cluster. A corollary to this result is that close encounters in the Sun's birth cluster are highly unlikely to truncate the Kuiper Belt unless the Sun was born in one of the unusual clusters that survived for tens of Myr. However, we find that encounters could plausibly produce highly eccentric Kuiper Belt objects such as Sedna.

Dukes, Donald; Krumholz, Mark R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using laser-driven neutrons to stop Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. The international research team in February used the short-pulse laser at Los Alamos's TRIDENT facility to generate a neutron beam with novel characteristics that interrogated a closed container to confirm the presence and quantity of nuclear material inside. The successful experiment paves the way for creation of a table-top-sized or truck-mounted - 2 - neutron generator that could be installed at strategic locations worldwide to thwart

433

Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lab director to link science education, national security in TEDxABQ talk September 5, 2013 Watch live stream at home or at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5,...

434

EA-1131: Relocation of Neutron Tube Target Loading Operation, Los Alamos Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to relocate the Neutron Tube Target Loading operations at the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico from...

435

EA-1247: Electrical Power System Upgrades at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to upgrade the electrical power supply system for the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory to increase the...

436

Regression Models for Demand Reduction based on Cluster Analysis of Load Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Cluster Analysis of Load Profiles Nobuyuki Yamaguchi,on Cluster Analysis of Load Profiles Nobuyuki Yamaguchi,regressions, using actual load profile data of Pacific Gas

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Substructure in the Coma Cluster: Giants vs Dwarfs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The processes that form and shape galaxy clusters, such as infall, mergers and dynamical relaxation, tend to generate distinguishable differences between the distributions of a cluster's giant and dwarf galaxies. Thus the dynamics of dwarf galaxies in a cluster can provide valuable insights into its dynamical history. With this in mind, we look for differences between the spatial and velocity distributions of giant (b18) galaxies in the Coma cluster. Our redshift sample contains new measurements from the 2dF and WYFFOS spectrographs, making it more complete at faint magnitudes than any previously studied sample of Coma galaxies. It includes 745 cluster members - 452 giants and 293 dwarfs. We find that the line-of-sight velocity distribution of the giants is significantly non-Gaussian, but not that for the dwarfs. A battery of statistical tests of both the spatial and localised velocity distributions of the galaxies in our sample finds no strong evidence for differences between the giant and dwarf populations. These results rule out the cluster as a whole having moved significantly towards equipartition, and they are consistent with the cluster having formed via mergers between dynamically-relaxed subclusters.

Scott A. Edwards; Matthew Colless; Terry J. Bridges; Dave Carter; Bahram Mobasher; Bianca M. Poggianti

2001-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

438

Two-dimensional visualization of cluster beams by microchannel plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An advanced technique for a two-dimensional real time visualization of cluster beams in vacuum as well as of the overlap volume of cluster beams with particle accelerator beams is presented. The detection system consists of an array of microchannel plates (MCP) in combination with a phosphor screen which is read out by a CCD camera. This setup together with the ionization of a cluster beam by an electron or ion beam allows for spatial resolved investigations of the cluster beam position, size, and intensity. Moreover, since electrically uncharged clusters remain undetected, the operation in an internal beam experiment opens the way to monitor the overlap region and thus the position and size of an accelerator beam crossing an originally electrically neutral cluster jet. The observed intensity distribution of the recorded image is directly proportional to the convolution of the spatial ion beam and cluster beam intensities and is by this a direct measure of the two-dimensional luminosity distribution. This information can directly be used for the reconstruction of vertex positions as well as for an input for numerical simulations of the reaction zone. The spatial resolution of the images are dominated by the granularity of the complete MCP device and was found to be in the order of \\sigma~100 \\mu m.

Alfons Khoukaz; Daniel Bonaventura; Silke Grieser; Ann-Katrin Hergemöller; Esperanza Köhler; Alexander Täschner

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Coincidence of Nuclear Star Clusters and Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study galaxies that host both nuclear star clusters and active galactic nuclei (AGN) implying the presence of a massive black hole. We select a sample of 176 galaxies with previously detected nuclear star clusters that range from ellipticals to late-type spirals. We search for AGN in this sample using optical spectroscopy and archival radio and X-ray data. We find galaxies of all Hubble types and with a wide range of masses (10^9-11 solar masses) hosting both AGN and nuclear star clusters. From the optical spectra, we classify 10% of the galaxies as AGN and an additional 15% as composite, indicating a mix of AGN and star-formation spectra. The fraction of nucleated galaxies with AGN increases strongly as a function of galaxy and nuclear star cluster mass. For galaxies with both a NC and a black hole, we find that the masses of these two objects are quite similar. However, non-detections of black holes in Local Group nuclear star clusters show that not all clusters host black holes of similar masses. We discuss the implications of our results for the formation of nuclear star clusters and massive black holes.

Anil Seth; Marcel Agueros; Duane Lee; Antara Basu-Zych

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

440

MODELING THE ALIGNMENT PROFILE OF SATELLITE GALAXIES IN CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Analyzing the halo and galaxy catalogs from the Millennium Simulations at redshifts z = 0, 0.5, 1, we determine the alignment profiles of cluster galaxies by measuring the average alignments between the major axes of the pseudo inertia tensors from all satellites within a cluster's virial radius and from only those satellites within some smaller radius as a function of the top-hat scale difference. The alignment profiles quantify how well the satellite galaxies retain the memory of the external tidal fields after merging into their host clusters and how fast they lose the initial alignment tendency as the cluster's relaxation proceeds. It is found that the alignment profile drops faster at higher redshifts and on smaller mass scales. This result is consistent with the picture that the faster merging of the satellites and earlier onset of the nonlinear effect inside clusters tend to break the preferential alignments of the satellites with the external tidal fields. Modeling the alignment profile of cluster galaxies as a power law of the density correlation coefficient that is independent of the power spectrum normalization ({sigma}{sub 8}) and demonstrating that the density correlation coefficient varies sensitively with the density parameter ({Omega}{sub m}) and neutrino mass fraction (f{sub {nu}}), we suggest that the alignment profile of cluster galaxies might be useful for breaking the {Omega}{sub m}-{sigma}{sub 8} and f{sub {nu}}-{sigma}{sub 8} degeneracies.

Song, Hyunmi; Lee, Jounghun, E-mail: hmsong@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: jounghun@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, FPRD, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - April 2010 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - April Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - April 2010 Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - April 2010 April 2010 Los Alamos Site Office Assessment of Fire Protection Activities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security, in coordination with the Los Alamos Site Office (LASO), provided a technical expert to conduct several fire protection oversight activities, including validation of Los Alamos County's Fire Hydrant Flow Test Methodology and a review of Los Alamos National Laboratory Equivalency Request Review Process in support of LASO oversight of the contractor. Independent Activity Report, Los Alamos National Laboratory - April 2010

442

Los Vientos I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

I I Jump to: navigation, search Name Los Vientos I Facility Los Vientos I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Developer Duke Enegy Energy Purchaser CPS Energy Location Lyford TX Coordinates 26.326545°, -97.587158° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.326545,"lon":-97.587158,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

443

Los Alamos Lab: MPA: Material Matters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter Matter October 2013 In this issue: Millie Firestone: Merging soft and hard nanomaterials to create energy solutions From Toni's Desk NNSA minority education project brings students to Los Alamos for fuel cell studies Los Alamos fuel cell research lands on ScienceWatch top 10 list Gaining creative control over semiconductor nanowires Strongly enhanced flux pinning in one-step deposition of BaFe2(As0.66P0.33)2 superconductor films with uniformly dispersed BaZrO3 nanoparticles Ultrafast optical spectroscopy sheds light on electronic structure of antiferromagnetic USB2 MPA students gain valuable experience; earn recognition for distinguished performance Heads Up! Service anniversaries LA-UR-13-28281 August 2013 In this issue: Supporting scientific diversity: MPA office administrators describe the juggling act behind the science

444

Los Vientos II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II II Jump to: navigation, search Name Los Vientos II Facility Los Vientos II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Developer Duke Enegy Energy Purchaser Austin Energy Location Lyford TX Coordinates 26.33903762°, -97.66176224° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.33903762,"lon":-97.66176224,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

445

Nuclear Forensics at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The overview of this presentation is: (1) Introduction to nonproliferation efforts; (2) Scope of activities at Los Alamos National Laboratory; (3) Facilities for radioanalytical work at LANL; (4) Radiochemical characterization capabilities; and (5) Bulk chemical and materials analysis capabilities. Some conclusions are: (1) Analytical chemistry measurements on plutonium and uranium matrices are critical to numerous defense and non-defense programs including safeguards accountancy verification measurements; (2) Los Alamos National Laboratory operates capable actinide analytical chemistry and material science laboratories suitable for nuclear material forensic characterization; (3) Actinide analytical chemistry uses numerous means to validate and independently verify that measurement data quality objectives are met; and (4) Numerous LANL nuclear facilities support the nuclear material handling, preparation, and analysis capabilities necessary to evaluate samples containing nearly any mass of an actinide (attogram to kilogram levels).

Podlesak, David W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steiner, Robert E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Burns, Carol J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; LaMont, Stephen P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tandon, Lav [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

446

Los Alamos National Laboratory Fission Basis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an overview of two main publications that provide a comprehensive review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Fission Basis. The first is the experimental paper, {sup F}ission Product Data Measured at Los Alamos for Fission Spectrum and Thermal Neutrons on {sup 239}Pu, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, [Selby, H. D., et al., Nucl. Data Sheets, Vol. 111 2010, pp. 2891-2922] and the second is the theoretical paper, Fission Product Yields from Fission Spectrum n+ {sup 239}Pu for ENDF/B-VII.1, [Chadwick, M. B., et al., Nucl. Data Sheets, Vol. 111, 2010, pp. 2923-2964]. One important note is that none of this work would have been possible without the great documentation of the experimental details and results by G.W. Knobeloch, G. Butler, C.I. Browne, B. Erdal, B. Bayhurst, R. Prestwood, V. Armijo, J. Hasty and many others. (authors)

Keksis, A.L.; Chadwick, M.B.; Selby, H.D.; Mac Innes, M.R.; Barr, D.W.; Meade, R.A.; Burns, C.J.; Wallstrom, T.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM 87545 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Amphibians and Reptiles of Los Alamos County  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown that amphibians and reptiles are good indicators of environmental health. They live in terrestrial and aquatic environments and are often the first animals to be affected by environmental change. This publication provides baseline information about amphibians and reptiles that are present on the Pajarito Plateau. Ten years of data collection and observations by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of New Mexico, the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, and hobbyists are represented.

Teralene S. Foxx; Timothy K. Haarmann; David C. Keller

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Los Alamos synchronous orbit data set  

SciTech Connect

Energetic electron (30-15000 keV) and proton 145 keV to 150 MeV) measurements made by Los Alamos National Laboratory sensors at geostationary orbit (6.6 R/sub E/) are summarized. The instrumentation employed and the satellite positions are described. The spacecraft have been variously located, but in their present configuration the Los Alamos satellites designated 1976-059, 1977-007, and 1979-053 are located, respectively, at approx. 70/sup 0/W, approx. 70/sup 0/E, and approx. 135/sup 0/W longitude. Several examples of the high temporal and full three-dimensional spatial measurement capabilities of these instruments are illustrated by examples from the published literature. Discussion is also given for the Los Alamos Synoptic Data Set (SDS) which gives a broad overview of the Los Alamos geostationary orbit measurements. The SDS data are plotted in terms of daily average spectra, 3-hour local time averages, and in a variety of statistical formats. The data summarize conditions from mid-1976 through 1978 (S/C 1976-059) and from early 1977 through 1978 (S/C 1977-007). The SDS compilations presented correspond to measurements at 35/sup 0/W, 70/sup 0/W, and 135/sup 0/W geographic longitude and thus are indicative of conditions at 9/sup 0/, 11/sup 0/, and 4.8/sup 0/ geomagnetic latitude, respectively. The bulk of the SDS report presents data plots which are organized according to Carrington solar rotations and, as such, the data are readily comparable to solar rotation-dependent interplanetary conditions. Potential applications of the Synoptic Data Set (available to all interested users in June 1981) are discussed.

Baker, D.N.; Higbie, P.R.; Belian, R.D.; Hones, E.W.; Klebesadel, R.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Critical partnerships: Los Alamos, universities, and industry  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory, situated 35 miles northwest of Santa Fe, NM, is one of the Department of Energy`s three Defense Programs laboratories. It encompasses 43 square miles, employees approximately 10,000 people, and has a budget of approximately $1.1B in FY97. Los Alamos has a strong post-cold war mission, that of reducing the nuclear danger. But even with that key role in maintaining the nation`s security, Los Alamos views partnerships with universities and industry as critical to its future well being. Why is that? As the federal budget for R&D comes under continued scrutiny and certain reduction, we believe that the triad of science and technology contributors to the national system of R&D must rely on and leverage each others capabilities. For us this means that we will rely on these partners to help us in 5 key ways: We expect that partnerships will help us maintain and enhance our core competencies. In doing so, we will be able to attract the best scientists and engineers. To keep on the cutting edge of research and development, we have found that partnerships maintain the excellence of staff through new and exciting challenges. Additionally, we find that from our university and corporate partners we often learn and incorporate {open_quotes}best practices{close_quotes} in organizational management and operations. Finally, we believe that a strong national system of R&D will ensure and enhance our ability to generate revenues.

Berger, C.L.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Scalability and Performance of a Large Linux Cluster  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors present performance results from several parallel benchmarks and applications on a 400-node Linux cluster at Sandia National Laboratories. They compare the results on the Linux cluster to performance obtained on a traditional distributed-memory massively parallel processing machine, the Intel TeraFLOPS. They discuss the characteristics of these machines that influence the performance results and identify the key components of the system software that they feel are important to allow for scalability of commodity-based PC clusters to hundreds and possibly thousands of processors.

BRIGHTWELL,RONALD B.; PLIMPTON,STEVEN J.

2000-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

Galactic cluster winds in presence of a dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain a solution for the hydrodynamic outflow of the polytropic gas from the gravitating center, in presence of the uniform Dark Energy (DE). The antigravity of DE is enlightening the outflow and make the outflow possible at smaller initial temperature, at the same density. The main property of the wind in presence of DE is its unlimited acceleration after passing the critical point. In application of this solution to the winds from galaxy clusters we suggest that collision of the strongly accelerated wind with another galaxy cluster, or with another galactic cluster wind could lead to the formation of a highest energy cosmic rays.

Bisnovatyi-Kogan, G S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Small Science Cluster Business  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences Sciences Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Georgia Rivera-Gronager Georgia Rivera-Gronager Manager Beverly Eppinga Beverly Eppinga Sr. Mgt. Asst. Departments Small Science Cluster Business Office The Small Science Cluster Business Office provides administrative support to the Physical, Chemical, & Nano Sciences Center's organizational operations; the Materials and Process Sciences Center's organizational operations; the Biological & Energy Sciences Center's New Mexico organizational operations; and Sandia's Laboratory Directed Research & Development (LDRD) organizational operations. The department provides programmatic administrative support of the management of, and technical activities within, Sandia's Nanoscience

453

Investigating isomorphs with the topological cluster classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isomorphs are lines in the density-temperature plane of certain "strongly-correlating" or "Roskilde simple" liquids where two-point structure and dynamics have been shown to be close to identical up to a scale transformation. Here we consider such a liquid, a Lennard-Jones glassformer, and investigate the behavior along isomorphs of higher-order structural and dynamical correlations. We then consider an inverse power law reference system mapped to the Lennard-Jones system [Pedersen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 157801 (2010)]. Using the topological cluster classification to identify higher-order structures, in both systems we find bicapped square anti-prisms, which are known to be a locally favored structure in the Lennard-Jones glassformer. The population of these locally favored structures is up to 80% higher in the Lennard-Jones system than the equivalent inverse power law system. The structural relaxation time of the two systems, on the other hand, is almost identical, and the four-point dynamical susceptibility is marginally higher in the inverse power law system. Upon cooling the lifetime of the locally favored structures in the Lennard-Jones system are up to 40% higher relative to the reference system.

Alex Malins; Jens Eggers; C. Patrick Royall

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

Quantum mechanical cluster calculations of critical scintillationprocesses  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the use of commercial quantum chemistrycodes to simu-late several critical scintillation processes. The crystalis modeled as a cluster of typically 50 atoms embedded in an array oftypically 5,000 point charges designed to reproduce the electrostaticfield of the infinite crystal. The Schrodinger equation is solved for theground, ionized, and excited states of the system to determine the energyand electron wavefunction. Computational methods for the followingcritical processes are described: (1) the formation and diffusion ofrelaxed holes, (2) the formation of excitons, (3) the trapping ofelectrons and holes by activator atoms, (4) the excitation of activatoratoms, and (5) thermal quenching. Examples include hole diffusion in CsI,the exciton in CsI, the excited state of CsI:Tl, the energy barrier forthe diffusion of relaxed holes in CaF2 and PbF2, and prompt hole trappingby activator atoms in CaF2:Eu and CdS:Te leading to an ultra-fast (<50ps) scintillation risetime.

Derenzo, Stephen E.; Klintenberg, Mattias K.; Weber, Marvin J.

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

USING MULTITAIL NETWORKS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE CLUSTERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using multiple independent networks (also known as rails) is an emerging technique to overcome bandwidth limitations and enhance fault-tolerance of current high-performance clusters. We present and analyze various venues for exploiting multiple rails. Different rail access policies are presented and compared, including static and dynamic allocation schemes. An analytical lower bound on the number of networks required for static rail allocation is shown. We also present an extensive experimental comparison of the behavior of various allocation schemes in terms of bandwidth and latency. Striping messages over multiple rails can substantially reduce network latency, depending on average message size, network load and allocation scheme. The methods compared include a static rail allocation, a round-robin rail allocation, a dynamic allocation based on local knowledge, and a rail allocation that reserves both end-points of a message before sending it. The latter is shown to perform better than other methods at higher loads: up to 49% better than local-knowledge allocation and 37% better than the round-robin allocation. This allocation scheme also shows lower latency and it saturates on higher loads (for messages large enough). Most importantly, this proposed allocation scheme scales well with the number of rails and message sizes.

S. COLL; E. FRACHTEMBERG; F. PETRINI; A. HOISIE; L. GURVITS

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory - Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2012 January 2012 Review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility Fire Suppression System The Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), conducted an independent review of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF) safety significant fire suppression system (FSS) vital safety system in conjunction with a scheduled Los Alamos Site Office (LASO) assessment. Overall, the LASO assessment was competently performed by knowledgeable LASO personnel using appropriate criteria as defined in LASO Procedure MP

457

CEPPAD, CAMMICE, and RAPID (CCR) Data from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Comprehensive Energetic Particle and Pitch Angle Distribution (CEPPAD) Experiment, the Charge and Mass Magnetospheric Ion Composition Experiment (CAMMICE), and the experiment for Research with Adaptive Particle Imaging Detectors (RAPID) refer to specific instruments mounted on the Polar satellite launched by NASA in February of 1996 and the Cluster II spacecraft launched in 2000 under the auspices of the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC), Germany. All three instruments are participating in the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Program (ISTP), to which the Global Geospace Science Program (GGSP) is the U.S. contribution. The CCR Science Team is composed of members of three instrument teams on the ISTP satellites POLAR and CLUSTER. DOE's Los Alamos National Laboratory is part of that team, and the CCR website is maintained at LANL. CCR Summary Data Plots are available from the LANL website through either the specialized browser or as digitized data from an anonymous FTP. ISTP data of various kinds can be obtained from NASA at http://pwg.gsfc.nasa.gov/istp/

458

An economic and energy-aware analysis of the viability of outsourcing cluster computing to a cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares the total cost of ownership of a physical cluster with the cost of a virtual cloud-based cluster. For that purpose, cost models for both a physical cluster and a cluster on a cloud have been developed. The model for the physical cluster ... Keywords: Cloud computing, Cluster computing, Cost analysis, Green computing

Carlos De Alfonso; Miguel Caballer; Fernando Alvarruiz; GermáN Moltó

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

File:08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 10:37, 11 January 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 10:37, 11 January 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (46 KB) Alevine (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file: GRR/Section 8-CA-d - CAISO Queue Cluster Process

460

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:53pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas profile for employee commuting, use survey data on employee home location and arrival/departure times to identify geographic areas to target for vanpool and carpool ride-matching efforts. Those who live in close proximity or en route to the workplace and with similar hours may be clustered to determine which locations might represent the best candidates for ride-share matching. As illustrated in Figure 1, areas with higher concentrations of employees that live farther from the worksite might be good candidate locations for targeted carpool and vanpool

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Cluster-state creation in liquid-state NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is devoted to a class of multiparticle entangled states known as the cluster-states. In particular, we focused on a system of four spins and studied the entanglement properties of a four-qubit ...

Choy, Jennifer T

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Formation of Atlantic Hurricanes from Cloud Clusters and Depressions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of large scale eddy processes in the transformation of cloud clusters and depressions into hurricanes is investigated by using different initial conditions in numerical integrations of the Naval Research Laboratory limited-area hurricane ...

Malakondayya Challa; Richard L. Pfeffer

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Laser-induced micron size clustering in thiophenol vapor  

SciTech Connect

Positively charged micron sized clusters are efficiently produced following irradiation of thiophenol vapor at 248 nm by a single KrF laser pulse of 30 ns duration. The production mechanism has been studied by examining the effect of N[sub 2], Ar, and He as diffusion media in mixtures with thiophenol, and by varying the laser pulse energy and excitation wavelength. A qualitative summary of possible mechanisms that may be responsible for the experimental results is presented providing a framework for understanding the observed cluster growth. The measurements indicate an optimum set of parameters for growth of large clusters and also show that the cluster charge can be controlled by selection of the buffer gas mixture.

Zafiropulos, V.; Kollia, Z.; Fotakis, C. (FORTH-Institute for Electronic Structure and Laser, P.O. Box 1527, GR 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)); Stockdale, J.A.D. (L-463, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States))

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Cluster Analysis of Typhoon Tracks. Part I: General Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new probabilistic clustering technique, based on a regression mixture model, is used to describe tropical cyclone trajectories in the western North Pacific. Each component of the mixture model consists of a quadratic regression curve of cyclone ...

Suzana J. Camargo; Andrew W. Robertson; Scott J. Gaffney; Padhraic Smyth; Michael Ghil

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Bayesian Mixture of AR Models for Time Series Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a Bayesian framework for estimation of parameters of a mixture of autoregressive model, for time series clustering. The proposed approach is based on variational principles and provides a tractable approximation to the true posterior ...

Venkataramana Kini B; C. Chandra Sekhar

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Microbenchmark Performance Comparison of High-Speed Cluster Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-speed cluster interconnects Myrinet, Quadrics, and InfiniBand achieve low latency and high bandwidth with low host overhead. However, they show quite different performance behaviors when handling communication buffer reuse patterns.

Jiuxing Liu; Balasubramanian Chandrasekaran; Weikuan Yu; Jiesheng Wu; Darius Buntinas; Sushmitha Kini; Dhabaleswar K. Panda; Pete Wyckoff

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Solvent Clustering around Pyrazine Ions in the High-Compressibility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solvent Clustering around Pyrazine Ions in the High-Compressibility Region of Supercritical Ethane R. A. Holroyd, M. Nishikawa, and K. Itoh J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11585-11590...

468

Toward a network graph-based innovation cluster density index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Innovation clusters have been studied and examined in many forms: ranging from qualitative observations to in-depth analytical models and frameworks to long-term studies tracking the actors and entities making up an ...

Harple, Daniel L., Jr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Dispersion relation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves using Cluster observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-point wave observations on Cluster spacecraft are used to infer the dispersion relation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves. In this study we use a phase differencing method and observations from STAFF and ...

Pakhotin, I. P.

470

Automatic script identification from images using cluster-based templates  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a technique for automatically identifying the script used to generate a document that is stored electronically in bit image form. Our approach differs from previous work in that the distinctions among scripts are discovered by an automatic learning procedure, without any handson analysis. We first develop a set of representative symbols (templates) for each script in our database (Cyrillic, Roman, etc.). We do this by identifying all textual symbols in a set of training documents, scaling each symbol to a fixed size, clustering similar symbols, pruning minor clusters, and finding each cluster`s centroid. To identify a new document`s script, we identify and scale a subset of symbols from the document and compare them to the templates for each script. We choose the script whose templates provide the best match. Our current system distinguishes among the Armenian, Burmese, Chinese, Cyrillic, Ethiopic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Roman, and Thai scripts with over 90% accuracy.

Hochberg, J.; Kerns, L.; Kelly, P.; Thomas, T.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Clustering using adaptive self-organizing maps (ASOM) and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an innovative, adaptive variant of Kohonen's self-organizing maps called ASOM, which is an unsupervised clustering method that adaptively decides on the best architecture for the self-organizing map. Like the traditional SOMs, ...

Yong Wang; Chengyong Yang; Kalai Mathee; Giri Narasimhan

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Clustering technique in multi-document personal name disambiguation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Focusing on multi-document personal name disambiguation, this paper develops an agglomerative clustering approach to resolving this problem. We start from an analysis of point-wise mutual information between feature and the ambiguous name, which brings ...

Chen Chen; Hu Junfeng; Wang Houfeng

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

A genetic k-modes algorithm for clustering categorical data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many optimization based clustering algorithms suffer from the possibility of stopping at locally optimal partitions of data sets. In this paper, we present a genetic k-Modes algorithm(GKMODE) that finds a globally optimal partition of a given ...

Guojun Gan; Zijiang Yang; Jianhong Wu

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Use Clusters to Refine Your Search (Science Accelerator) - OSTI  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

lots of help homing in on the research you need. Enter your search term, such as "fuel cell," and it will automatically generate a cluster field on the left column of your search...

475

Chemical abundance studies of CP stars in open clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In stellar astrophysics, the study of the atmospheres of early-type stars plays a very special role. The atmospheres of these stars display a variety of different phenomena, such as the presence of large magnetic fields, strong surface convection, pulsation, diffusion of chemical elements. In particular, about 10% of early F-, A- and late B-type stars present chemical peculiarities, which rise as a result of diffusion. A detailed study of the evolution of the chemical peculiarities as traces of diffusion processes requires the precise knowledge of stellar ages and initial chemical composition. Open clusters provide these information: 1) it is possible to assume that all cluster members have approximately the same original chemical composition and age; 2) the age of stars belonging to open clusters can be determined with much higher accuracy than for field stars. For this reason chemically peculiar stars member of open clusters have been targeted to study the evolution of the chemical peculiarities primarily t...

Fossati, Luca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Data Clustering Reveals Climate Impacts on Local Wind Phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate the utility of k-means clustering for identifying relationships between winds at turbine heights and climate oscillations, thereby developing a method suited for predicting the impacts of climate change on wind resources. ...

Andrew Clifton; Julie K. Lundquist

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Analysis of Tools Used to Quantify Droplet Clustering in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spacing of cloud droplets observed along an approximately horizontal line through a cloud may be analyzed using a variety of techniques to reveal structure on small scales, sometimes called clustering, if such structure exists. A number of ...

Brad Baker; R. Paul Lawson

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Quantum Monte Carlo with Coupled-Cluster wave functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a novel many body method which combines two powerful many body techniques, viz., quantum Monte Carlo and coupled cluster theory. Coupled cluster wave functions are introduced as importance functions in a Monte Carlo method designed for the configuration interaction framework to provide rigorous upper bounds to the ground state energy. We benchmark our method on the homogeneous electron gas in momentum space. The importance function used is the coupled cluster doubles wave function. We show that the computational resources required in our method scale polynomially with system size. Our energy upper bounds are in very good agreement with previous calculations of similar accuracy, and they can be systematically improved by including higher order excitations in the coupled cluster wave function.

Roggero, Alessandro; Pederiva, Francesco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Distributed energy-efficient hierarchical clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since nodes in a sensor network have limited energy, prolonging the network lifetime and improving scalability become important. In this paper, we propose a distributed weight-based energy-efficient hierarchical clustering protocol (DWEHC). Each node ...

Ping Ding; JoAnne Holliday; Aslihan Celik

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Satellite-Observed Characteristics of Winter Monsoon Cloud Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective algorithm is devised which is capable of touting tropical cloud clusters at the point of initiation, tracking them to the paint of dissipation and thereby accumulating statistics on their size distributions and preferred geographical ...

Mark Williams; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "workstation cluster los" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Are Cluster Radio Relics Revived Fossil Radio Cocoons?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new model for the, so called, `cluster radio relics' is presented (Ensslin & Gopal-Krishna 2000). Fossil radio cocoons, resulting from the former activity of radio galaxies, should contain a low energy relativistic electron population and magnetic fields. Electrons with an age of even up to 2 Gyr can be re-accelerated adiabatically to radio emitting energies, if the fossil radio plasma gets compressed in an environmental shock wave. Such a wave can be caused by a merging event of galaxy clusters, or by the accretion onto galaxy clusters. An implication of this model is the existence of a population of diffuse, ultra-steep spectrum, very low-frequency radio sources located inside and possibly outside of clusters of galaxies, tracing the revival of aged fossil radio plasma by the shock waves associated with large-scale structure formation.

Torsten A. Ensslin; Gopal-Krishna

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Consensus Clustering of U.S. Temperature and Precipitation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “consensus clustering” strategy is applied to long-term temperature and precipitation time series data for the purpose of delineating climate zones of the conterminous United States in a “data-driven” (as opposed to “rule-driven”) fashion. ...

Robert G. Fovell

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

No evidence for mass segregation in young clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We investigate the validity of mass segregation indicators commonly used in the analysis of young stellar clusters. Methods. We simulate observations by constructing synthetic seeing limited images of a 1000 massive clusters (10^4 Msun) with a standard IMF and a King density distribution function. Results. We find that commonly used indicators are highly sensitive to sample incompleteness in observational data, and that radial completeness determinations do not provide satisfactory corrections, rendering the studies of radial properties highly uncertain. On the other hand, we find that under certain conditions, the global completeness can be estimated accurately, allowing for the correction of the global luminosity and mass functions of the cluster. Conclusions. We argue that there is currently no observational evidence for mass segregation in young compact clusters since there is not a robust way to differentiate between true mass segregation and sample incompleteness effects. Caution should then be ex...

Ascenso, J; Lago, M T V T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Performance Analysis of Enhanced Clustering Algorithm for Gene Expression Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microarrays are made it possible to simultaneously monitor the expression profiles of thousands of genes under various experimental conditions. It is used to identify the co-expressed genes in specific cells or tissues that are actively used to make proteins. This method is used to analysis the gene expression, an important task in bioinformatics research. Cluster analysis of gene expression data has proved to be a useful tool for identifying co-expressed genes, biologically relevant groupings of genes and samples. In this paper we applied K-Means with Automatic Generations of Merge Factor for ISODATA- AGMFI. Though AGMFI has been applied for clustering of Gene Expression Data, this proposed Enhanced Automatic Generations of Merge Factor for ISODATA- EAGMFI Algorithms overcome the drawbacks of AGMFI in terms of specifying the optimal number of clusters and initialization of good cluster centroids. Experimental results on Gene Expression Data show that the proposed EAGMFI algorithms could identify compact clus...

Chandrasekhar, T; Elayaraja, E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Heat conduction in X-ray clusters: Spitzer over 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective heat conduction in a random variable magnetic field should be equal to one third of the Spitzer's value. Recent observations indicate that this heat conduction is sufficient to account for the bremsstrahlung in cooling X-ray clusters.

Andrei Gruzinov

2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Visual cluster analysis and pattern recognition template and methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a method of clustering using a novel template to define a region of influence. Using neighboring approximation methods, computation times can be significantly reduced. The template and method are applicable and improve pattern recognition techniques.

Osbourn, G.C.; Martinez, R.F.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Visual cluster analysis and pattern recognition template and methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of clustering using a novel template to define a region of influence. Using neighboring approximation methods, computation times can be significantly reduced. The template and method are applicable and improve pattern recognition techniques.

Osbourn, Gordon Cecil (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, Rubel Francisco (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Quantum Monte Carlo with Coupled-Cluster wave functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a novel many body method which combines two powerful many body techniques, viz., quantum Monte Carlo and coupled cluster theory. Coupled cluster wave functions are introduced as importance functions in a Monte Carlo method designed for the configuration interaction framework to provide rigorous upper bounds to the ground state energy. We benchmark our method on the homogeneous electron gas in momentum space. The importance function used is the coupled cluster doubles wave function. We show that the computational resources required in our method scale polynomially with system size. Our energy upper bounds are in very good agreement with previous calculations of similar accuracy, and they can be systematically improved by including higher order excitations in the coupled cluster wave function.

Alessandro Roggero; Abhishek Mukherjee; Francesco Pederiva

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

489

Enforcing Resource Sharing Agreements among Distributed Server Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future scalable, high throughput, and high performance applications are likely to execute on platforms constructed by clustering multiple autonomous distributed servers, with resource access governed by agreements between the owners and users of these ...

Tao Zhao; Vijay Karamcheti

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Angeles Los Angeles County, California to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Los Angeles County, California on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO

491

Independent Oversight, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2007 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January Oversight, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2007 Independent Oversight, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2007 January 2007 Independent Oversight Inspection of Emergency Management at the Los Alamos site office and Los Alamos National Laboratory The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Offi ce of Independent Oversight inspected the emergency management program at DOE's Los Alamos Site Office (LASO) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in October-November 2006. The inspection was performed as a joint effort by Independent Oversight's Offi ce of Safeguards and Security Evaluations (HS-61), Office of Cyber Security (HS-62), and Office of Emergency Management Oversight (HS-63). Independent Oversight, Los Alamos National Laboratory - January 2007

492

About Los Alamos Field Office | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos Field Office | National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Field Office | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog About Los Alamos Field Office Home > Field Offices > Welcome to the Los Alamos Field Office > About Los Alamos Field Office About Los Alamos Field Office Los Alamos Field Office in the '50s About Los Alamos Field Office

493

On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere Title On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012...

494

LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments...  

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LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Taos County LA-UR 11-02376 (21313) Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Taos County Taos...

495

Page Name: Subject/Program/Project, Acronym: Los Alamos National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office (505) 665-2545 Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources Who we are, what we do We engage in a broad range of basic,...

496

Cluster Persistence: a Discriminating Probe of Soap Froth Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The persistent decay of bubble clusters in coarsening two-dimensional soap froths is measured experimentally as a function of cluster volume fraction. Dramatically stronger decay is observed in comparison to soap froth models and to measurements and calculations of persistence in other systems. The fraction of individual bubbles that contain any persistent area also decays, implying significant bubble motion and suggesting that T1 processes play an important role in froth persistence.

W. Y. Tam; A. D. Rutenberg; B. P. Vollmayr-Lee; K. Y. Szeto

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Superconductivity and Chiral Symmetry Breaking with Fermion Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster variables have recently revolutionized numerical work in certain models involving fermionic variables. This novel representation of fermionic partition functions is continuing to find new applications. After describing results from a study of a two dimensional Hubbard type model that confirm a superconducting transition in the Kosterlitz-Thouless universality class, we show how a cluster type algorithm can be devised to study the chiral limit of strongly coupled lattice gauge theories with staggered fermions.

Shailesh Chandrasekharan

2001-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

Leveraging Standard Core Technologies to Programmatically Build Linux Cluster Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clusters have made the jump from lab prototypes to fullfledged production computing platforms. The number, variety, and specialized configurations of these machines are increasing dramatically with 32 – 128 node clusters being commonplace in science labs. The evolving nature of the platform is to target generic PC hardware to specialized functions such as login, compute, web server, file server, and a visualization engine. This is the logical extension to the standard login/compute dichotomy of traditional Beowulf clusters. Clearly, these specialized nodes (henceforth “cluster appliances”) share an immense amount of common configuration and software. What is lacking in many clustering toolkits is the ability to share configuration across appliances and specific hardware (where it should be shared) and differentiate only where needed. In the NPACI Rocks cluster distribution, we have developed a configuration infrastructure with well-defined inheritance properties that leverages and builds on de facto standards including: XML (with standard parsers), RedHat Kickstart, HTTP transport, CGI, SQL databases, and graph constructs to easily define cluster appliances. Our approach neither resorts to replication of configuration files nor does it require building a “golden ” image reference. By relying on this descriptive and programmatic infrastructure and carefully demarking configuration information from the software packages (which is a bit delivery mechanism), we can easily handle the heterogeneity of appliances, easily deal with small hardware differences among particular instances of appliances (such as IDE vs. SCSI), and support large hardware differences (like x86 vs. IA64) with the same infrastructure. Our mechanism is easily extended to other descriptive infrastructures (such as Solaris Jumpstart as a backend target) and has been proven on over a 100 clusters (with significant hardware and configuration differences among

Mason J. Katz; Philip M. Papadopoulos; Greg Bruno

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Thermodynamics of nano-cluster phases: a unifying theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a unifying, analytical theory accounting for the self-organization of colloidal systems in nano- or micro-cluster phases. We predict the distribution of cluter sizes with respect to interaction parameters and colloid concentration. In particular, we anticipate a proportionality regime where the mean cluster size grows proportionally to the concentration, as observed in several experiments. We emphasize the interest of a predictive theory in soft matter, nano-technologies and biophysics.

Nicolas Destainville; Lionel Foret

2008-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

500

Coronal Abundances in Orion Nebula Cluster Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project (COUP) observation, we have studied the chemical composition of the hot plasma in a sample of 146 X-ray bright pre-main sequence stars in the Orion Nebula Cluster. We report measurements of individual element abundances for a subsample of 86 slightly-absorbed and bright X-ray sources, using low resolution X-ray spectra obtained from the Chandra ACIS instrument. The X-ray emission originates from a plasma with temperatures and elemental abundances very similar to those of active coronae in older stars. A clear pattern of abundances vs. First Ionization Potential (FIP) is evident if solar photospheric abundances are assumed as reference. The results are validated by extensive simulations. The observed abundance distributions are compatible with a single pattern of abundances for all stars, although a weak dependence on flare loop size may be present. The abundance of calcium is the only one which appears to vary substantially between stars, but this quantity is affected by relatively large uncertainties. The ensemble properties of the X-ray bright COUP sources confirm that the iron in the emitting plasma is underabundant with respect to both the solar composition and to the average stellar photospheric values. Comparison of the present plasma abundances with those of the stellar photospheres and those of the gaseous component of the nebula, indicates a good agreement for all the other elements with available measurements, and in particular for the high-FIP elements (Ne, Ar, O, and S) and for the low-FIP element Si. We conclude that there is evidence of a significant chemical fractionation effect only for iron, which appears to be depleted by a factor 1.5--3 with respect to the stellar composition.

A. Maggio; E. Flaccomio; F. Favata; G. Micela; S. Sciortino; E. D. Feigelson; K. V. Getman

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z