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1

Cost Codes and the Work Breakdown Structure  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The chapter discusses the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS) and code of account (COA) cost code system, shows the purpose and fundamental structure of both the WBS and the cost code system, and explains the interface between the two systems.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

2

Hanford Site Environmental Restoration Program 1994 fiscal year work plan. Work breakdown structure 2.0: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Site Management System (SMS) guidance requires a Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) to be prepared for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Mission Area and all related programs. This revision is a complete update to cover the FY 1994 time period. This document describes the overall ER Missions Area and provides FYWP appendices for each of the following five program areas: Remedial Action (RA); Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D); Project Management and Support (PM&S); Surveillance and Maintenance (S&M); and Disposal Facilities (DF).

Not Available

1993-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

Work Breakdown Structure and Plant/Equipment Designation System Numbering Scheme for the High Temperature Gas- Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Component Test Capability (CTC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper investigates the potential integration of the CTC work breakdown structure numbering scheme with a plant/equipment numbering system (PNS), or alternatively referred to in industry as a reference designation system (RDS). Ideally, the goal of such integration would be a single, common referencing system for the life cycle of the CTC that supports all the various processes (e.g., information, execution, and control) that necessitate plant and equipment numbers be assigned. This white paper focuses on discovering the full scope of Idaho National Laboratory (INL) processes to which this goal might be applied as well as the factors likely to affect decisions about implementation. Later, a procedure for assigning these numbers will be developed using this white paper as a starting point and that reflects the resolved scope and outcome of associated decisions.

Jeffrey D Bryan

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Breakdown Anodization (BDA) for hierarchical structures of titanium oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breakdown Anodization (BDA) of titanium dioxide is a very promising, fast fabrication method to construct micro-scale and nano-scale structures on titanium surfaces. This method uses environmentally friendly electrolytes, ...

Choi, Soon Ju, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

X-Band Photonic Band-Gap Accelerator Structure Breakdown Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the performance of photonic band-gap (PBG) structures under realistic high gradient, high power, high repetition rate operation, a PBG accelerator structure was designed and tested at X band (11.424 GHz). The structure consisted of a single test cell with matching cells before and after the structure. The design followed principles previously established in testing a series of conventional pillbox structures. The PBG structure was tested at an accelerating gradient of 65 MV/m yielding a breakdown rate of two breakdowns per hour at 60 Hz. An accelerating gradient above 110 MV/m was demonstrated at a higher breakdown rate. Significant pulsed heating occurred on the surface of the inner rods of the PBG structure, with a temperature rise of 85 K estimated when operating in 100 ns pulses at a gradient of 100 MV/m and a surface magnetic field of 890 kA/m. A temperature rise of up to 250 K was estimated for some shots. The iris surfaces, the location of peak electric field, surprisingly had no damage, but the inner rods, the location of the peak magnetic fields and a large temperature rise, had significant damage. Breakdown in accelerator structures is generally understood in terms of electric field effects. These PBG structure results highlight the unexpected role of magnetic fields in breakdown. The hypothesis is presented that the moderate level electric field on the inner rods, about 14 MV/m, is enhanced at small tips and projections caused by pulsed heating, leading to breakdown. Future PBG structures should be built to minimize pulsed surface heating and temperature rise.

Marsh, Roark A.; /MIT /MIT /NIFS, Gifu /JAERI, Kyoto /LLNL, Livermore; Shapiro, Michael A.; Temkin, Richard J.; /MIT; Dolgashev, Valery A.; Laurent, Lisa L.; Lewandowski, James R.; Yeremian, A.Dian; Tantawi, Sami G.; /SLAC

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

6

Cost Codes and the Work Breakdown Structure - DOE Directives...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WBS and the cost code system, and explains the interface between the two systems. g4301-1chp5.pdf -- PDF Document, 44 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration Management...

7

DOE Work Breakdown Structure Handbook | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FYGStrategic HumanDOE Web

8

Experimental Study of the Effect of Beam Loading on RF Breakdown Rate in CLIC High-Gradient Accelerating Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RF breakdown is a key issue for the multi-TeV highluminosity e+e- Compact Linear Collider (CLIC). Breakdowns in the high-gradient accelerator structures can deflect the beam and decrease the desired luminosity. The limitations of the accelerating structures due to breakdowns have been studied so far without a beam present in the structure. The presence of the beam modifies the distribution of the electrical and magnetic field distributions, which determine the breakdown rate. Therefore an experiment has been designed for high power testing a CLIC prototype accelerating structure with a beam present in the CLIC Test Facility (CTF3). A special beam line allows extracting a beam with nominal CLIC beam current and duration from the CTF3 linac. The paper describes the beam optics design for this experimental beam line and the commissioning of the experiment with beam.

Tecker, F; Kelisani, M; Doebert, S; Grudiev, A; Quirante, J; Riddone, G; Syratchev, I; Wuensch, W; Kononenko, O; Solodko, A; Lebet, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Relating carrion breakdown rates to ambient resource level and community structure in four cave stream ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into ecosystems vary in quantity and quality (e.g., plant litter vs carrion). Variability in detrital quantity and quality potentially affects consumer biomass and rates of organic matter (OM) breakdown. We used cave streams to test 2 linked hypotheses regarding the influence of total detrital inputs on consumer biomass

Benstead, Jon

10

Towards a Work Breakdown Structure for Net Centric System of Systems Engineering and Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the system engineering industry sees an increasing focus on the lifecycle development, acquisition, and sustainment of net-centric Systems of Systems (SoS), organizations find that current processes and tools need to ...

Wang, Dr. Gan

2006-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

11

Solid waste program fiscal year 1997 multi-year work plan WBS 1.2.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the technical baseline, work breakdown structure, schedule baseline, cost baseline, and execution year for the solid waste program.

Riddelle, J.G.

1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

12

Investigation of the statistical nature and structure of the electrical breakdown time delay in gas diodes filled with neon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical breakdown time delay in gas diodes filled by neon at the low pressures is investigated experimentally and theoretically. Experimental results are obtained measuring the characteristics of gas diodes filled by spectroscopically pure neon. In order to discard any systematic trend during the measurement procedure, checking of the measured values randomness preceded the statistical analysis of the experimental results. Novel theoretical model is established for interpretation of obtained experimental results on the breakdown time delay. The model is based on the assumptions of the exponential distribution of the statistical time delay and Gaussian distribution of the formative discharge time. Therefore, the density distribution of the breakdown time delay is assumed to be convolution of the statistical and formative time delay distributions. Parameters of the statistical and formative time delay, as stochastic variables, are modeled by the numerical Monte Carlo method. Numerical distributions are tested to the corresponding experimental distributions of the breakdown time delay by varying the distribution parameters. In addition, the asymmetry coefficient and skewness coefficient of the breakdown time delay distribution, and coefficients of the statistical and formative time delay distributions are analyzed. Numerically calculated time delay distributions fit well to the corresponding experimental distributions in gas diodes filled with neon at low pressures.

Maluckov, Cedomir A. [Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, Vojske Jugoslavije 24, 19210 Bor (Serbia and Montenegro); Karamarkovic, Jugoslav P. [Faculty of Civil Eng. and Architecture, University of Nis, Beogradska 14, 18000 Nis (Serbia); Radovic, Miodrag K. [Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Nis, P.O.B.224, 18001 Nis (Serbia)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Facility stabilization project fiscal year 1997 multi-year work plan (MYWP) for WBS 7.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the technical baseline, work breakdown structure, schedule baseline, cost baseline, and execution year for the facility stabilization project.

Cartmell, D.B.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated ProductProcess Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated Product­Process Design Cynthia C. Y. Tsao, A.M.ASCE1 ; Iris presents "work structuring," a term used to describe the effort of integrating product and process design. As the project progresses, work structuring becomes more focused to guide the design and execution of interacting

Tommelein, Iris D.

15

Master of Social Work The Master of Social Work (MSW) program is structured  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master of Social Work The Master of Social Work (MSW) program is structured upon an advanced at an advanced professional level. The mission of the MSW program at Wichita State University is to prepare and empowering interventions on all practices levels. The MSW program is accredited by the Council on Social Work

16

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBS-1 Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS ANALYSIS OF METAL SURFACES Last updated: June 17, 2014 #12;LIBS-2 Laser­Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) LIBS ANALYSIS OF METAL SURFACES of species at a distance or in hard­to­reach or hazardous environments. Laser­Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Nizkorodov, Sergey

17

The Effects of Structured Work Experience on the Work-Readiness Skills of Students with Disabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In addition to the apparent economic benefits of working, studies also examined linkages between job characteristics of high school students and student attitudes. Stern, Stone, Hopkins, and McMillion (1990) found that opportunities for on-the-job learning..., individualized based on student?s strengths and preferences, uses community linkages, and occurs in real work settings (Brooke et al., 2009; Hoyt, 1994; Kohler, 1996; Luecking, 2009; Phelps & Hanley-Maxwell, 1997). The premise is that students who participate...

Pacha, Jacqueline K

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

18

Structural influences on the work hardening behavior of aluminum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of various grain and subgrain morphologies on low temperature work hardening of pure Al is studied using tensile tests. Plotting the work hardening rate as a function of true stress, the work hardening is separable into two distinct regimes. Both regimes are approximated by a line {Theta} = {Theta}{sub 0} {minus} K{sub 2}{sigma}, where {Theta}{sub 0} is theoretical work hardening rate at zero stress and K{sub 2} is related to dynamic recovery rate. The first or early deformation regime exhibits greater values of {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2} and can extend up to the first 10% strain of tensile deformation. This early deformation regime is contingent on the existence of a pre-existent dislocation substructure from previous straining. The {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2} associated with the early deformation regime are dependent on the strength and orientation of the pre-existent dislocation substructure relative to the new strain path. At high enough temperatures, this pre-existent dislocation substructure is annealed out, resulting in the near elimination of the early deformation regime. In comparison, the latter regime is dominated by the initial grain and/or subgrain morphology and exhibit lower values of {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2}. The actual value of K{sub 2} in the latter regime is strongly dependent on the existence of a subgrain morphology. Recrystallized or well-annealed microstructures exhibit greater values of K{sub 2} than microstructures that remain partially or fully unrecrystallized. The higher K{sub 2} value is indicative of a more rapid dynamic recovery rate and a greater degree of strain relaxation. The ability to achieve a more relaxed state produces a low-energy cellular dislocation substructure upon deformation. The introduction of subgrains hinders the evolution of a low-energy dislocation cell network, giving way to a more random distribution of the dislocation density.

Chu, D.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

RF BREAKDOWN STUDIES USING PRESSURIZED CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many present and future particle accelerators are limited by the maximum electric gradient and peak surface fields that can be realized in RF cavities. Despite considerable effort, a comprehensive theory of RF breakdown has not been achieved and mitigation techniques to improve practical maximum accelerating gradients have had only limited success. Part of the problem is that RF breakdown in an evacuated cavity involves a complex mixture of effects, which include the geometry, metallurgy, and surface preparation of the accelerating structures and the make-up and pressure of the residual gas in which plasmas form. Studies showed that high gradients can be achieved quickly in 805 MHz RF cavities pressurized with dense hydrogen gas, as needed for muon cooling channels, without the need for long conditioning times, even in the presence of strong external magnetic fields. This positive result was expected because the dense gas can practically eliminate dark currents and multipacting. In this project we used this high pressure technique to suppress effects of residual vacuum and geometry that are found in evacuated cavities in order to isolate and study the role of the metallic surfaces in RF cavity breakdown as a function of magnetic field, frequency, and surface preparation. One of the interesting and useful outcomes of this project was the unanticipated collaborations with LANL and Fermilab that led to new insights as to the operation of evacuated normal-conducting RF cavities in high external magnetic fields. Other accomplishments included: (1) RF breakdown experiments to test the effects of SF6 dopant in H2 and He gases with Sn, Al, and Cu electrodes were carried out in an 805 MHz cavity and compared to calculations and computer simulations. The heavy corrosion caused by the SF6 components led to the suggestion that a small admixture of oxygen, instead of SF6, to the hydrogen would allow the same advantages without the corrosion in a practical muon beam line. (2) A 1.3 GHz RF test cell capable of operating both at high pressure and in vacuum with replaceable electrodes was designed, built, and power tested in preparation for testing the frequency and geometry effects of RF breakdown at Argonne National Lab. At the time of this report this cavity is still waiting for the 1.3 GHz klystron to be available at the Wakefield Test Facility. (3) Under a contract with Los Alamos National Lab, an 805 MHz RF test cavity, known as the All-Seasons Cavity (ASC), was designed and built by Muons, Inc. to operate either at high pressure or under vacuum. The LANL project to use the (ASC) was cancelled and the testing of the cavity has been continued under the grant reported on here using the Fermilab Mucool Test Area (MTA). The ASC is a true pillbox cavity that has performed under vacuum in high external magnetic field better than any other and has demonstrated that the high required accelerating gradients for many muon cooling beam line designs are possible. (4) Under ongoing support from the Muon Acceleration Program, microscopic surface analysis and computer simulations have been used to develop models of RF breakdown that apply to both pressurized and vacuum cavities. The understanding of RF breakdown will lead to better designs of RF cavities for many applications. An increase in the operating accelerating gradient, improved reliability and shorter conditioning times can generate very significant cost savings in many accelerator projects.

Johnson, Rolland

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

20

RF breakdown effects in microwave power amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical stresses in the transistors of high-efficiency switching power amplifiers can lead to hot-electron-induced "breakdown" in these devices. This thesis explores issues related to breakdown in the Transcom TC2571 ...

Arumilli, Gautham Venkat

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

High-voltage atmospheric breakdown across intervening rutile dielectrics.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work conducted in FY13 on electrical discharge experiments performed to develop predictive computational models of the fundamental processes of surface breakdown in the vicinity of high-permittivity material interfaces. Further, experiments were conducted to determine if free carrier electrons could be excited into the conduction band thus lowering the effective breakdown voltage when UV photons (4.66 eV) from a high energy pulsed laser were incident on the rutile sample. This report documents the numerical approach, the experimental setup, and summarizes the data and simulations. Lastly, it describes the path forward and challenges that must be overcome in order to improve future experiments for characterizing the breakdown behavior for rutile.

Williamson, Kenneth Martin; Simpson, Sean; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Hjalmarson, Harold Paul; Pasik, Michael Francis

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable Waters of the United StatesLegal Abstract These regulations...

23

Summary Report of Working Group 7: Electromagnetic-Structure Based Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We detail the most pressing physics and technical issues confronting short-wavelength acceleration. We review new acceleration concepts that are proposed and under development, and recent progress on technical issues such as structure fabrication and material damage. We outline key areas where work is still needed before a reliable assessment of the value of working at wavelengths below 1 cm can be made. Possible ways to enhance collaboration and progress in this important area are also discussed.

Colby, E.; /SLAC; Musumeci, P.; /INFN, Rome

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

24

Future work: This section is one of the repeat units in the PET structure.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future work: This section is one of the repeat units in the PET structure. Ester groupEster group--because of proprietary considerations--cannot be named here. The reason for this research PET is a form a plastic = many esters, or polyester. The letters in PET come from its formal name which is polyethylene

25

Pattern formation and propagation during microwave breakdown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During microwave breakdown at atmospheric pressure, a sharp plasma front forms and propagates toward the microwave source at high velocities. Experiments show that the plasma front may exhibit a complex dynamical structure or pattern composed of plasma filaments aligned with the wave electric field and apparently moving toward the source. In this paper, we present a model of the pattern formation and propagation under conditions close to recent experiments. Maxwell's equations are solved together with plasma fluid equations in two dimensions to describe the space and time evolution of the wave field and plasma density. The simulation results are in excellent agreement with the experimental observations. The model provides a physical interpretation of the pattern formation and dynamics in terms of ionization-diffusion and absorption-reflection mechanisms. The simulations allow a good qualitative and quantitative understanding of different features such as plasma front velocity, spacing between filaments, maximum plasma density in the filaments, and influence of the discharge parameters on the development of well-defined filamentary plasma arrays or more diffuse plasma fronts.

Chaudhury, Bhaskar [Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie (LAPLACE), INPT, UPS, Universite de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Boeuf, Jean-Pierre [Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie (LAPLACE), INPT, UPS, Universite de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); LAPLACE, CNRS, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Zhu, Guo Qiang [Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie (LAPLACE), INPT, UPS, Universite de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Northwestern Polytechnique University, Xi'an 710072 (China)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Humidity effects on wire insulation breakdown strength.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for the testing of the dielectric breakdown strength of insulation on metal wires under variable humidity conditions were developed. Two methods, an ASTM method and the twisted pair method, were compared to determine if the twisted pair method could be used for determination of breakdown strength under variable humidity conditions. It was concluded that, although there were small differences in outcomes between the two testing methods, the non-standard method (twisted pair) would be appropriate to use for further testing of the effects of humidity on breakdown performance. The dielectric breakdown strength of 34G copper wire insulated with double layer Poly-Thermaleze/Polyamide-imide insulation was measured using the twisted pair method under a variety of relative humidity (RH) conditions and exposure times. Humidity at 50% RH and below was not found to affect the dielectric breakdown strength. At 80% RH the dielectric breakdown strength was significantly diminished. No effect for exposure time up to 140 hours was observed at 50 or 80%RH.

Appelhans, Leah

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Engineering work breakdown and assignment for global product development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Companies are always looking for ways to reduce their costs, cost reductions which allow companies to increase their overall profits. There are various cost reductions strategies, such as: change materials and/or design ...

Zamora Torres, Carlos Xavier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Structure of pre-Supervisory Committee Meeting (PRE-SCM) report: Abstract of work to date (250 words max)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix B Structure of pre-Supervisory Committee Meeting (PRE-SCM) report: Abstract of work to date (250 words max) An abstract of the work to date, providing general background and explaining how the work fits in the field of your project. This abstract can be very similar to the one submitted

Woodgett, Jim

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal breakdown characteristic Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

present the measurements and analysis of laser- induced breakdown processes in dry... -power microwave breakdown based on measured laser breakdown observations....

30

Gas breakdown in the T-7 tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the initial stage of the discharge of the T-7 tokamak shows that when the magnetic field in the discharge chamber has a comparatively small transverse component (B/sub perpendicular/approx.10/sup -3/B/sub parallel/) the gas breakdown occurs in two stages. First, while the discharge current is low, the breakdown occurs along a helical magnetic line of force between upper and lower parts of a limiter in one cross section in the chamber. In the second stage, when the field of the current exceeds the transverse magnetic field, and a rotational transform arises, a toroidal electrodeless discharge occurs.

Denisov, V.F.; Ivanov, D.P.; Ivanov, N.V.; Kakurin, A.M.; Kislov, A.Y.; Kochin, V.A.; Mikhailichenko, V.A.; Khvostenko, P.P.; Khilil', V.V.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Investigating the effective range of vacuum ultraviolet-mediated breakdown in high-power microwave metamaterials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metamaterials and periodic structures operating under high-power excitations are susceptible to breakdown. It was recently demonstrated that a localized breakdown created in a given region of a periodic structure can facilitate breakdown in other regions of the structure where the intensity of the incident electromagnetic fields may not be high enough to cause breakdown under normal circumstances. It was also demonstrated that this phenomenon is due to the generation of vacuum ultraviolet radiation at the location of the initial discharge, which propagates to the neighboring regions (e.g., other unit cells in a periodic structure) and facilitates the generation of a discharge at a lower incident power level. In this paper, we present the results of an experimental study conducted to determine the effective range of this physical phenomenon for periodic structures that operate in air and in pure nitrogen gas at atmospheric pressure levels. It is demonstrated that when breakdown is induced in a periodic structure using a high-power pulse with a frequency of 9.382 GHz, duration of 0.8??s, and peak power level of 25?kW, this phenomenon is highly likely to happen in radii of approximately 1617?mm from the location of the initial discharge under these test conditions. The results of this study are significant in designing metamaterials and periodic structures for high-power microwave applications as they suggest that a localized discharge created in such a periodic structure with a periodicity less than 1617?mm can spread over a large surface and result in a distributed discharge.

Liu, Chien-Hao, E-mail: cliu82@wisc.edu; Neher, Joel D., E-mail: jdneher@wisc.edu; Booske, John H., E-mail: booske@engr.wisc.edu; Behdad, Nader, E-mail: behdad@wisc.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1415 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

32

The quantum mechanics of ion-enhanced field emission and how it influences microscale gas breakdown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of a positive gas ion can enhance cold electron field emission by deforming the potential barrier and increasing the tunneling probability of electronsa process known as ion-enhanced field emission. In microscale gas discharges, ion-enhanced field emission produces additional emission from the cathode and effectively reduces the voltage required to breakdown a gaseous medium at the microscale (<10??m). In this work, we enhance classic field emission theory by determining the impact of a gaseous ion on electron tunneling and compute the effect of ion-enhanced field emission on the breakdown voltage. We reveal that the current density for ion-enhanced field emission retains the same scaling as vacuum cold field emission and that this leads to deviations from traditional breakdown theory at microscale dimensions.

Li, Yingjie [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Go, David B., E-mail: dgo@nd.edu [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

33

Breakdown of Angular Momentum Selection Rules in High Pressure Optical Pumping Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements, by using two complementary methods, of the breakdown of atomic angular momentum selection rules in He-broadened Rb vapor. Atomic dark states are rendered weakly absorbing due to fine-structure mixing during Rb-He collisions. The effect substantially increases the photon demand for optical pumping of dense vapors.

Lancor, B.; Wyllie, R.; Walker, T. G. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Babcock, E. [Juelich Centre for Neutron Science, Garching 85747 (Germany)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

Leakage current and dielectric breakdown behavior in annealed SiO2 aerogel films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leakage current and dielectric breakdown behavior in annealed SiO2 aerogel films Moon-Ho Jo behavior in annealed SiO2 aerogel films for intermetal dielectric applications was investigated in a metal­insulator­semiconductor structure. SiO2 aerogel films with porosities of 70% exhibited Poole­Frenkel conduction both before

Jo, Moon-Ho

35

On the measurement of laser-induced plasma breakdown thresholds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The breakdown threshold of a gas exposed to intense laser-radiation is a function of gas and laser properties. Breakdown thresholds reported in the literature often vary greatly and these differences can partially be traced back to the method that is typically used to determine breakdown thresholds. This paper discusses the traditional method used to determine breakdown thresholds and the potential errors that can arise using this approach, and presents an alternative method which can yield more accurate data especially when determining breakdown thresholds as functions of gas pressure.

Brieschenk, Stefan [Centre for Hypersonics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 (Australia)] [Centre for Hypersonics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 (Australia); Kleine, Harald; O'Byrne, Sean [The University of New South Wales Canberra, The Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra 2600 (Australia)] [The University of New South Wales Canberra, The Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra 2600 (Australia)

2013-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Prevention of breakdown behind railgun projectiles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electromagnetic railgun accelerator system, for accelerating projectiles by a plasma arc, introduces a breakdown inhibiting gas into the railgun chamber behind the accelerating projectile. The breakdown inhibiting gas, which absorbs electrons, is a halide or a halide compound such as fluorine or SF[sub 6]. The gas is introduced between the railgun rails after the projectile has passed through inlets in the rails or the projectile; by coating the rails or the projectile with a material which releases the gas after the projectile passes over it; by fabricating the rails or the projectile or insulators out of a material which releases the gas into the portions of the chamber through which the projectile has travelled. The projectile may have a cavity at its rear to control the release of ablation products. 12 figs.

Hawke, R.S.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

37

Prevention of breakdown behind railgun projectiles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electromagnetic railgun accelerator system, for accelerating projectiles by a plasma arc, introduces a breakdown inhibiting gas into the railgun chamber behind the accelerating projectile. The breakdown inhibiting gas, which absorbs electrons, is a halide or a halide compound such as fluorine or SF[sub 6]. The gas is introduced between the railgun rails after the projectile has passed through inlets in the rails or the projectile; by coating the rails or the projectile with a material which releases the gas after the projectile passes over it; by fabricating the rails or the projectile or insulators out of a material which releases the gas into the portions of the chamber through which the projectile has travelled. The projectile may have a cavity at its rear to control the release of ablation products. 12 figs.

Hawke, R.S.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 205443 (2012) Growth structure and work function of bilayer graphene on Pd(111)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 205443 (2012) Growth structure and work function of bilayer graphene on Pd of bilayer graphene on Pd(111). Low-energy electron diffraction analysis established that the two graphene layer. We propose that the faceted shapes are due to the zigzag-terminated edges bounding graphene

Ciobanu, Cristian

39

Empirical Features of Spontaneous and Induced Traffic Breakdowns in Free Flow at Highway Bottlenecks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on an empirical study of real field traffic data measured in 1996--2014 through road detectors installed on German freeways, we reveal physical features of empirical nuclei for spontaneous traffic breakdown in free flow at highway bottlenecks. It is shown that the source of a nucleus for traffic breakdown is the solely difference between empirical spontaneous and induced traffic breakdowns at a highway bottleneck. Microscopic traffic simulations with a stochastic traffic flow model in the framework of three-phase theory explain the empirical findings. It turns out that in the most cases, a nucleus for empirical spontaneous traffic breakdown occurs through an interaction of one of waves in free flow with an empirical permanent speed disturbance localized at a highway bottleneck. The wave is a localized structure in free flow, in which the total flow rate is larger and the speed averaged across the highway is smaller than outside the wave. The waves in free flow appear due to oscilations in the percentage...

Kerner, Boris S; Klenov, Sergey L; Rehborn, Hubert; Leibel, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Titanium monoxide spectroscopy following laser-induced optical breakdown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work investigates Titanium Monoxide (TiO) in ablation-plasma by employing laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) with 1 to 10 TW/cm{sup 2} irradiance, pulsed, 13 nanosecond, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser radiation at the fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm. The analysis of TiO is based on our first accurate determination of transition line strengths for selected TiO A-X, B-X, and E-X transitions, particularly TiO A-X {gamma} and B-X {gamma} Prime bands. Electric dipole line strengths for the A{sup 3}{Phi}-X{sup 3}{delta} and B{sup 3}{Pi}-X{sup 3}{delta} bands of TiO are computed. The molecular TiO spectra are observed subsequent to laser-induced breakdown (LIB). We discuss analysis of diatomic molecular spectra that may occur simultaneously with spectra originating from atomic species. Gated detection is applied to investigate the development in time of the emission spectra following LIB. Collected emission spectra allow one to infer micro-plasma parameters such as temperature and electron density. Insight into the state of the micro-plasma is gained by comparing measurements with predictions of atomic and molecular spectra. Nonlinear fitting of recorded and computed diatomic spectra provides the basis for molecular diagnostics, while atomic species may overlap and are simultaneously identified. Molecular diagnostic approaches similar to TiO have been performed for diatomic molecules such as AlO, C{sub 2}, CN, CH, N{sub 2}, NH, NO and OH.

Parigger, Christian G.; Woods, Alexander C.; Keszler, Anna; Nemes, Laszlo; Hornkohl, James O. [The University of Tennessee/UT Space Institute, Center for Laser Applications, 411 B.H. Goethert Parkway, Tullahoma, TN 37388-9700 (United States); Chemical Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Pusztaszeri ut 59-67, H-1025 Budapest (Hungary); Chemical Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Laser Spectroscopy Laboratory, Pusztaszeri ut 59-67, H-1025 Budapest (Hungary); Hornkohl Consulting, Tullahoma, TN 37388 (United States)

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Working lives of prison managers: exploring agency and structure in the late modern prison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study explores the contemporary working lives of prison managers. It attempts to understand the ways in which globalised changes in management practices have intersected with localised practices and occupational ...

Bennett, Jamie Stewart

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - air breakdown mechanism Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Steven R. Raine... by aggregate hierarchy theory, breakdown occurs when sufficient mechanical stress has been applied to overcome... breakdown in soils is a function of the...

43

Audit of the internal control structure of the Department of Energy`s Working Capital Fund  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development of the Committee on Appropriations, in its report dated July 16, 1996, approved the implementation of a Working Capital Fund (Fund) at the U.S. Department of Energy. The Subcommittee also directed the Office of Inspector General to conduct periodic audits of the Fund. This audit was conducted to determine if the Department established an effective system of controls over the Fund. The specific objectives were to determine if internal controls were sufficient to ensure that appropriate costs were allocated in a reasonable and unbiased manner and in a way what was consistent with the expectations established by the Congress.

NONE

1997-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

44

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy in industrial and security applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) offers rapid, localized chemical analysis of solid or liquid materials with high spatial resolution in lateral and depth profiling, without the need for sample preparation. Principal component analysis and partial least squares algorithms were applied to identify a variety of complex organic and inorganic samples. This work illustrates how LIBS analyzers can answer a multitude of real-world needs for rapid analysis, such as determination of lead in paint and children's toys, analysis of electronic and solder materials, quality control of fiberglass panels, discrimination of coffee beans from different vendors, and identification of generic versus brand-name drugs. Lateral and depth profiling was performed on children's toys and paint layers. Traditional one-element calibration or multivariate chemometric procedures were applied for elemental quantification, from single laser shot determination of metal traces at {approx}10 {mu}g/g to determination of halogens at 90 {mu}g/g using 50-shot spectral accumulation. The effectiveness of LIBS for security applications was demonstrated in the field by testing the 50-m standoff LIBS rasterizing detector.

Bol'shakov, Alexander A.; Yoo, Jong H.; Liu Chunyi; Plumer, John R.; Russo, Richard E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

COST BREAKDOWN AWARD NO: START DATE: EXPIRATION DATE: FISCAL YEAR BREAKDOWN OF FUNDS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route BTRICGEGR-N Goods PO 1PhotoemissionCOST BREAKDOWN

46

Avalanches in breakdown and fracture processes Stefano Zapperi,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Avalanches in breakdown and fracture processes Stefano Zapperi,1 Purusattam Ray,2 H. Eugene Stanley in a stressed solid was studied by Golubovic and co-workers 9 using Monte Carlo simulations. Recently

Stanley, H. Eugene

47

Studies of electrical breakdown processes across vacuum gaps between metallic electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of electrical breakdown processes across vacuum gaps between metallic electrodes L Keywords: Magnetic insulation Vacuum electrical breakdown Bacteria-induced electrical breakdown Accelerator a b s t r a c t An experimental program to elucidate the physical causes of electrical breakdown

Gilson, Erik

48

MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd JumpLightSourceR Public PowerMAKEMCFMDPMHK

49

Characterization of superconducting radiofrequency breakdown by two-mode excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that thermal and magnetic contributions to the breakdown of superconductivity in radiofrequency (RF) fields can be separated by applying two RF modes simultaneously to a superconducting surface. We develop a simple model that illustrates how mode-mixing RF data can be related to properties of the superconductor. Within our model the data can be described by a single parameter, which can be derived either from RF or thermometry data. Our RF and thermometry data are in good agreement with the model. We propose to use mode-mixing technique to decouple thermal and magnetic effects on RF breakdown of superconductors.

Eremeev, Grigory V. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Palczewski, Ari D. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Breakdown of time-temperature superposition in a bead-spring polymer melt near the glass transition temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The breakdown of the time-temperature superposition (TTS) near its glass transition temperature (Tg) in simple bead-spring polymer melts with and without the chain angle potential was numerically investigated. The stress relaxation modulus at different temperatures G(t,T) was calculated by the Green-Kubo relation. The TTS of G(t,T) of bead-spring polymer melts worked well at temperatures sufficiently higher than its Tg. However, when the system temperature is approaching the glass transition regime, the breakdown of TTS is observed. At temperatures near the Tg, the temperature dependence of the shift factor aTB, which is defined at the time scale between the bond relaxation and the chain relaxation regimes of a G(t)-function, is significantly stronger than ones aTA defined by the time scale of the chain relaxation modes. In direct relation to the breakdown of TTS of G(t,T), the decoupling of Stokes-Einstein law of diffusion-viscosity relation also appears in the glass transition regime. The analysis of the van Hove function Gs(r,t) and non-gaussian parameter, a2(t), of the bead motions strongly suggest that the TTS breakdown is concerned with the dynamic heterogeneity. The effect of the chain stiffness on the temperature dependence of the shift factors was also investigated in this study. The stiffer chains melt has a stronger temperature dependence of the shift factors than the ones of the flexible chains melt. However, regardless of the chain stiffness, the stress relaxation modulus functions of the bead-spring polymer melts will begin to breakdown the TTS at a similar Tg-normalized temperature around T/Tg ~ 1.2.

Tamio Yamazaki

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

51

BREAKDOWN OR BREAKTHROUGH? The Copenhagen Accord  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.U., have made commitments to curb global warming pollution and report on their actions and emissions, Mexico and others. At the same time, the Copenhagen Accord is clearly a work in progress. As President warming pollution. As I said yesterday, not having a law in hand is the biggest reason

52

Inner surface flash-over of insulator of low-inductance high-voltage self-breakdown gas switch and its application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the inner surface flash-over of high-voltage self-breakdown switch, which is used as a main switch of pulse modulator, is analyzed in theory by employing the method of distributed element equivalent circuit. Moreover, the field distortion of the switch is simulated by using software. The results of theoretical analysis and simulation by software show that the inner surface flash-over usually starts at the junction points among the stainless steel, insulator, and insulation gas in the switch. A switch with improved structure is designed and fabricated according to the theoretical analysis and simulation results. Several methods to avoid inner surface flash-over are used to improve the structure of switch. In experiment, the inductance of the switch is no more than 100 nH, the working voltage of the switch is about 600 kV, and the output voltage and current of the accelerator is about 500 kV and 50 kA, respectively. And the zero-to-peak rise time of output voltage at matched load is less than 30 ns due to the small inductance of switch. The original switch was broken-down after dozens of experiments, and the improved switch has been worked more than 200 times stably.

Zhang, Hong-bo, E-mail: walkman67@163.com; Liu, Jin-liang [College of Opto-electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073 (China)] [College of Opto-electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - all-fiber-coupled laser-induced breakdown...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coupled laser-induced breakdown Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: all-fiber-coupled laser-induced breakdown Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >>...

54

Planning integration FY 1995 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP)/Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) for the Planning Integration Program, Work Breakdown structure (WBS) Element 1.8.2, is the primary management tool to document the technical, schedule, and cost baseline for work directed by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL). As an approved document, it establishes a binding agreement between RL and the performing contractors for the work to be performed. It was prepared by the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) and the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This MYPP provides a picture from fiscal year 1995 through FY 2001 for the Planning Integration Program. The MYPP provides a window of detailed information for the first three years. It also provides `execution year` work plans. The MYPP provides summary information for the next four years, documenting the same period as the Activity Data Sheets.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Studies of electrical breakdown processes across vacuum gaps between metallic electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of electrical breakdown processes across vacuum gaps between metallic electrodes L Available online 3 June 2013 Keywords: Magnetic insulation Vacuum electrical breakdown Bacteria-induced electrical breakdown Accelerator a b s t r a c t An experimental program to elucidate the physical causes

Gilson, Erik

56

FY 1999 annual work plan for infrastructure program WBS 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 DynCorp Annual Work Plan (AWP) relates DOE-RL work breakdown structure (WBS) to Cost Accounts and to Organizational Structure. Each Cost Account includes a workscope narrative and justification performance and service standards, goals, and deliverables. Basis of estimates are included within each Cost Account to demonstrate the relationship of budget to defined workscope. The FY 1999 AWP reflects the planning assumptions and initiatives that are included in the PHMC Strategic Plan for Infrastructure Optimization which was established in FY 1998. Development of the FY 1999 AWP was in accordance with a sequential series of events and efforts described in the Infrastructure Annual Work Planning and Budget Cycle which was developed and established in conjunction with the Strategic Plan. The Strategic Plan covers a rolling five year span of time and is updated at the start of each fiscal year as the beginning of the annual work planning and budget cycle for the following fiscal year. Accordingly the planning for the FY 1999 AWP began in January 1998. Also included in the annual work planning and budget cycle, and the basis for the budget in this AWP, is the development of a requirements-based budget.

Donley, C.D.

1998-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Dynamics of local micro-breakdown in the Geiger mode of avalanche photodiodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mathematical modeling methods were used to study the dynamics of micro-breakdown development in structures of silicon avalanche photodiodes. The constructed model considers the locality of the avalanchexs multiplication region appearing during single photon absorption and the delay of the avalanchexs current spreading over the rear electrode of the diode. The calculations showed two different phases of transient process of the formation of the electrical signal, i.e., the rapid and slow ones due to current spreading and ordinary RC recharge, respectively. The load resistances required to implement the pulsed mode of operation of the structures of the avalanche photodiode were calculated for a series of actual diode capacitances and spreading resistances of the rear electrode.

Verhovtseva, A. V., E-mail: alevteena@gmail.com; Gergel, V. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: gergel@mail.cplire.ru

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): a new spectrochemical technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used the breakdown spark from a focused laser beam to generate analytically useful emission spectra of minor constituents in air and other carrier gases. The medium was sampled directly. It was not necessary to reduce the sample to solution nor to introduce electrodes. The apparatus is particularly simple; a pulsed laser, spectrometer, and some method for time resolution. The latter is essential in laser-induced-breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) because of the strong early continuum. High temperatures in the spark result in vaporization of small particles, dissociation of molecules, and excitation of atomic and ionic spectra, including species which are normally difficult to detect. In one application, we have monitored beryllium in air at conventrations below 1 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/, which is below 1 ppB (w/w). In another we have monitored chlorine and fluorine atoms in real time. LIBS has the potential for real-time direct sampling of contaminants in situ.

Radziemski, L.J.; Loree, T.R.; Cremers, D.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for specimen analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to an apparatus, a system and a method for detecting the presence or absence of trace elements in a biological sample using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. The trace elements are used to develop a signature profile which is analyzed directly or compared with the known profile of a standard. In one aspect of the invention, the apparatus, system and method are used to detect malignant cancer cells in vivo.

Kumar, Akshaya; Yu-Yueh, Fang; Burgess, Shane C.; Singh, Jagdish P.

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Detecting excess ionizing radiation by electromagnetic breakdown of air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scheme is proposed for detecting a concealed source of ionizing radiation by observing the occurrence of breakdown in atmospheric air by an electromagnetic wave whose electric field surpasses the breakdown field in a limited volume. The volume is chosen to be smaller than the reciprocal of the naturally occurring concentration of free electrons. The pulse duration of the electromagnetic wave must exceed the avalanche breakdown time (10-200 ns) and could profitably be as long as the statistical lag time in ambient air (typically, microseconds). Candidate pulsed electromagnetic sources over a wavelength range, 3 mm>{lambda}>10.6 {mu}m, are evaluated. Suitable candidate sources are found to be a 670 GHz gyrotron oscillator with 200 kW, 10 {mu}s output pulses and a Transversely Excited Atmospheric-Pressure (TEA) CO{sub 2} laser with 30 MW, 100 ns output pulses. A system based on 670 GHz gyrotron would have superior sensitivity. A system based on the TEA CO{sub 2} laser could have a longer range >100 m.

Granatstein, Victor L.; Nusinovich, Gregory S. [Center for Applied Electromagnetics, Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dielectric-Lined High-Gradient Accelerator Structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rectangular particle accelerator structures with internal planar dielectric elements have been studied, with a view towards devising structures with lower surface fields for a given accelerating field, as compared with structures without dielectrics. Success with this concept is expected to allow operation at higher accelerating gradients than otherwise on account of reduced breakdown probabilities. The project involves studies of RF breakdown on amorphous dielectrics in test cavities that could enable high-gradient structures to be built for a future multi-TeV collider. The aim is to determine what the limits are for RF fields at the surfaces of selected dielectrics, and the resulting acceleration gradient that could be achieved in a working structure. The dielectric of principal interest in this study is artificial CVD diamond, on account of its advertised high breakdown field ({approx}2 GV/m for dc), low loss tangent, and high thermal conductivity. Experimental studies at mm-wavelengths on materials and structures for achieving high acceleration gradient were based on the availability of the 34.3 GHz third-harmonic magnicon amplifier developed by Omega-P, and installed at the Yale University Beam Physics Laboratory. Peak power from the magnicon was measured to be about 20 MW in 0.5 {micro}s pulses, with a gain of 54 dB. Experiments for studying RF high-field effects on CVD diamond samples failed to show any evidence after more than 10{sup 5} RF pulses of RF breakdown up to a tangential surface field strength of 153 MV/m; studies at higher fields were not possible due to a degradation in magnicon performance. A rebuild of the tube is underway at this writing. Computed performance for a dielectric-loaded rectangular accelerator structure (DLA) shows highly competitive properties, as compared with an existing all-metal structure. For example, comparisons were made of a DLA structure having two planar CVD diamond elements with a all-metal CERN structure HDS operating at 30 GHz. It was shown that the ratio of maximum surface electric field to accelerating field at the metal wall is only 0.35-0.4 for DLA, much smaller than the value 2.2 for HDS; and the ratio of surface magnetic field to accelerating field is 3.0 mA/V for DLA, compared with 3.45 mA/V for HDS. These values bode well for DLA in helping to avoid breakdown and to reducing pulsed surface heating and fatigue. The shunt impedance is found to be 160-175 M{Omega}/m for DLA, as compared to 99 M{Omega}/m for HDS. Conclusions are reached from this project that CVD diamond appears promising as a dielectric with a high threshold for RF breakdown, and that rectangular accelerator structures can be devised using planar CVD diamond elements that could be operated at higher acceleration gradients with low probability of RF breakdown, as compared with corresponding all-metallic structures.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

62

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurement in methane and biodiesel flames using an ungated detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been applied to measure the equivalence ratio of CH4/air flames using gated detection. In this work, we have developed an ungated, miniature LIBS-based sensor for studying CH4/air and biodiesel flames. We have used this sensor to characterize the biodiesel flame. LIBS spectra of biodiesel flames were recorded with different ethanol concentrations in the biodiesel and also at different axial locations within the flame. The sensor performance was evaluated with a CH4/air flame. LIBS signals of N, O, and H from a CH4/air flame were used to determine the equivalence ratio. A linear relationship between the intensity ratio of H and O lines and the calculated equivalence ratio were obtained with this sensor.

Eseller, Kemal E.; Yueh, Fang Y.; Singh, Jagdish P

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Method of Controlling Corona Effects and Breakdown Voltage of Small Air Gaps Stressed by Impulse Voltages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the influence of a resistor on the dielectric behavior of an air gap. The resistor is connected in series with the air gap and the latter is stressed by impulse voltage. Air gap arrangements of different geometry with either the rod or the plate grounded are stressed with impulse voltages of both positive and negative polarity. The resistor is connected in series with the air gap in the return circuit connecting the gap with the impulse generator. The method followed involves the investigation of the graphs of the charging time concerning the air gaps capacitances, in connection to the value of the resistor, the geometry of the gap, the effect of grounding and the polarity effect. It is determined that the charging time of the air gap increases, as the value of the resistor increases. It is also determined that the peak voltage value of the fully charged air gap decreases as the value of the resistor increases. The results of the mathematical and simulation analysis are compared with the results of the oscillograms taken from experimental work. In addition and consequently to the above results it is concluded from the experimental work that the in series connection of the resistor in the circuit has significant influence on corona pulses (partial discharges) occurring in the gap and on the breakdown voltage of the gap. A new method of controlling the corona effects and consequently the breakdown voltage of small air gaps stressed by impulse voltage of short duration in connection to the ground effect and the polarity effect has arisen. Furthermore through mathematical analysis of the charging graphs obtained from simulation and experimental oscillograms there was a calculation of the values of the capacitance of the air gaps in relation to their geometry and the results were compared to the values calculated with mathematical analysis.

Athanasios Maglaras; Trifon Kousiouris; Frangiskos Topalis; Dimitrios Katsaros; Leandros A. Maglaras; Konstantina Giannakopoulou

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Femtosecond laser ablation of dielectric materials in the optical breakdown regime: Expansion of a transparent shell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transition pathways of matter upon ablation with ultrashort laser pulses have been considered to be understood long-since for metals and semiconductors. We provide evidence that also certain dielectrics follow the same pathway, even at high pulse energies triggering optical breakdown. Employing femtosecond microscopy, we observe a characteristic ring pattern within the ablating region that dynamically changes for increasing time delays between pump and probe pulse. These transient Newton rings are related to optical interference of the probe beam reflected at the front surface of the ablating layer with the reflection at the interface of the non-ablating substrate. Analysis of the ring structure shows that the ablation mechanism is initiated by a rarefaction wave leading within a few tens of picoseconds to the formation of a transparent thin shell of reduced density and refractive index, featuring optically sharp interfaces. The shell expands and eventually detaches from the solid material at delays of the order of 100 ps.

Garcia-Lechuga, M.; Siegel, J., E-mail: j.siegel@io.cfmac.csic.es; Hernandez-Rueda, J.; Solis, J. [Laser Processing Group, Instituto de Optica, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

o understand fully the workings of the cell, we face the challenge of describing the three-dimensional structures of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, D.C. Rao, J-X. She and A.M. Valdes for helpful input on the manuscript. The work was supported ¥ The genetics of complex diseases M20 Acknowledgements We thank M. Nelson for preparing Fig. 1 and L. Barcellos, M. Grote, J. Hollenbach, L. Louie, K. Mather, S. McWeeney, D. Meyer, E. Mignot, M. Nelson, H. Payami

Sali, Andrej

66

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix F - National Work Breakdown Str_Negotiated  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review of the Yucca0 National NuclearNationalNovemberD, PageF,

67

Spatial confinement effects in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spatial confinement effects in laser-induced breakdown of aluminum (Al) targets in air have been investigated both by optical emission spectroscopy and fast photography. A KrF excimer laser was used to produce plasmas from Al targets in air. Al atomic emission lines show an obvious enhancement in the emission intensity when a pair of Al-plate walls were placed to spatially confine the plasma plumes. Images of the Al plasma plumes showed that the plasma plumes evolved into a torus shape and were compressed in the Al walls. The mechanism for the confinement effects was discussed using shock wave theory.

Shen, X. K.; Sun, J.; Ling, H.; Lu, Y. F. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511 (United States)

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

Electrical breakdown of a bubble in a water-filled capillary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this Communication, the electrical breakdown of a static bubble in a water-filled capillary generated in a dc electrical field is studied. We present experimental results which indicate that the liquid layer between capillary and bubble wall can have an important influence on the breakdown mechanism of the bubble. The breakdown electrical field (atmospheric pressure) without a liquid layer in a (vapor) bubble is 18 kV/cm. When a liquid layer is present, the electrical breakdown of an air bubble is observed at electrical fields typically two times smaller. Local plasma formation is observed in this case possibly due to bubble deformation.

Bruggeman, P.J.; Leys, C.A.; Vierendeels, J. A. [Department of Applied Physics, Research Unit Plasma Technology (RUPT), Faculty of Engineering, Ghent University, Rozier 44, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - axisymmetric vortex breakdown Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the breakdown of vortex rings in the cycle following t 300T. Downstream... A straight tube with a smooth axisymmetric constriction is an idealised representation of a stenosed...

70

Isotope effects and Born-Oppenheimer breakdown in excited singlet states of the lithium dimer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isotope effects and Born-Oppenheimer breakdown in excited singlet states of the lithium dimer A of infrared electronic transitions involving the 1 1 g state of 7 Li2 has instigated an investigation of Born-Oppenheimer and the leading vibrational and/or rotational Born-Oppenheimer breakdown terms for the X 1 g , A 1 u , B 1 u

Le Roy, Robert J.

71

Apparatus, system, and method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), an apparatus includes a pulsed laser configured to generate a pulsed laser signal toward a sample, a constructive interference object and an optical element, each located in a path of light from the sample. The constructive interference object is configured to generate constructive interference patterns of the light. The optical element is configured to disperse the light. A LIBS system includes a first and a second optical element, and a data acquisition module. The data acquisition module is configured to determine an isotope measurement based, at least in part, on light received by an image sensor from the first and second optical elements. A method for performing LIBS includes generating a pulsed laser on a sample to generate light from a plasma, generating constructive interference patterns of the light, and dispersing the light into a plurality of wavelengths.

Effenberger, Jr., Andrew J; Scott, Jill R; McJunkin, Timothy R

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

72

Optical emission in magnetically confined laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetically confined laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy was investigated by studying the optical emission from laser-induced plasma plumes expanding across an external transverse magnetic field. KrF excimer laser pulses with a pulse duration of 23 ns and a wavelength of 248 nm were used to produce plasmas from Al, Cu, and Co targets. Various optical emission lines obtained from Al and Cu targets show an obvious enhancement in the intensity of optical emission when a magnetic field of {approx}0.8 T is applied, while the optical emission lines from Co targets show a decrease in the optical emission intensity. The enhancement factors of optical emission lines were measured to be around 2 for the Al and Mn (impurity) lines from Al targets, and 6-8 for Cu lines from Cu targets. Temporal evolution of the optical emission lines from the Al samples shows a maximum enhancement in emission intensity at time delays of 8-20 {mu}s after the incident laser pulse, while from the Cu targets it shows a continuous enhancement at time delays of 3-20 {mu}s after the pulse. The enhancement in the optical emission from the Al and Cu plasmas was presumably due to the increase in the effective plasma density as a result of magnetic confinement. The decrease in the emission intensity from the Co plasmas was suggested to be due to the decrease of effective plasma density as a result of the magnetic force.

Shen, X. K.; Lu, Y. F.; Gebre, T.; Ling, H.; Han, Y. X. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511 (United States)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Elemental analysis of cotton by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been applied to the elemental characterization of unprocessed cotton. This research is important in forensic and fraud detection applications to establish an elemental fingerprint of U.S. cotton by region, which can be used to determine the source of the cotton. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a LIBS method for the elemental analysis of cotton. The experimental setup consists of a Nd:YAG laser that operates at the fundamental wavelength as the LIBS excitation source and an echelle spectrometer equipped with an intensified CCD camera. The relative concentrations of elements Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, and Sr from both nutrients and environmental contributions were determined by LIBS. Principal component analysis was used to visualize the differences between cotton samples based on the elemental composition by region in the U.S. Linear discriminant analysis of the LIBS data resulted in the correct classification of >97% of the cotton samples by U.S. region and >81% correct classification by state of origin.

Schenk, Emily R.; Almirall, Jose R.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Rapid Analysis of Ash Composition Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inorganic compounds are known to be problematic in the thermochemical conversion of biomass to syngas and ultimately hydrocarbon fuels. The elements Si, K, Ca, Na, S, P, Cl, Mg, Fe, and Al are particularly problematic and are known to influence reaction pathways, contribute to fouling and corrosion, poison catalysts, and impact waste streams. Substantial quantities of inorganic species can be entrained in the bark of trees during harvest operations. Herbaceous feedstocks often have even greater quantities of inorganic constituents, which can account for as much as one-fifth of the total dry matter. Current methodologies to measure the concentrations of these elements, such as inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry/mass spectrometry (ICP-OES/MS) are expensive in time and reagents. This study demonstrates that a new methodology employing laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) can rapidly and accurately analyze the inorganic constituents in a wide range of biomass materials, including both woody and herbaceous examples. This technique requires little or no sample preparation, does not consume any reagents, and the analytical data is available immediately. In addition to comparing LIBS data with the results from ICP-OES methods, this work also includes discussions of sample preparation techniques, calibration curves for interpreting LIBS spectra, minimum detection limits, and the use of internal standards and standard reference materials.

Tyler L. Westover

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Experiment for measurements of the gas breakdown statistics by ramp voltage pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the first part of this article the electronic automatic system for the measurements of dynamic breakdown voltages U{sub b} with linearly rising (ramp) pulses is presented. It generates the sequence of ramp pulses with subvoltage level U{sub sub}{approx_equal}0 during the relaxation time {tau} of the tube, and the ramp pulses start from the static breakdown voltage U{sub s}, thus enabling the correct study of electrical breakdowns and relaxation in gases. In the second part the measurements in argon with and without a voltage during the off period of the pulse are analyzed. The influence of the subvoltage on the mean value of the breakdown voltage U{sub b} as a function of the rise rate k, on the statistical U{sub b} distributions and on the afterglow kinetics is also discussed.

Markovic, V. Lj.; Stamenkovic, S. N.; Gocic, S. R.; Petrovic, Z. Lj. [Department of Physics, University of Nis, P.O. Box 224, 18001 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro); Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 68, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Collision and diffusion in microwave breakdown of nitrogen gas in and around microgaps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microwave induced breakdown of N{sub 2} gas in microgaps was modeled using the collision frequency between electrons and neutral molecules and the effective electric field concept. Low pressure breakdown at the threshold electric field occurs outside the gap, but at high pressures it is found to occur inside the microgap with a large threshold breakdown electric field corresponding to a very large electron oscillation amplitude. Three distinct pressure regimes are apparent in the microgap breakdown: a low pressure multipactor branch, a mid-pressure Paschen branch, both of which occur in the space outside the microgap, and a high pressure diffusion-drift branch, which occurs inside the microgap. The Paschen and diffusion-drift branches are divided by a sharp transition and each separately fits the collision frequency model. There is evidence that considerable electron loss to the microgap faces accompanies the diffusion-drift branch in microgaps.

Campbell, J. D.; Lenters, G. T. [Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401 (United States)] [Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401 (United States); Bowman, A.; Remillard, S. K., E-mail: remillard@hope.edu [Hope College, Holland, MI 49423 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Charge transport and breakdown physics in liquid/solid insulation systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid dielectrics provide superior electrical breakdown strength and heat transfer capability, especially when used in combination with liquid-immersed solid dielectrics. Over the past half-century, there has been extensive ...

Jadidian, Jouya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - atria phosphatidylinositol breakdown Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

breakdown Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ISSN: 1524-4539 Copyright 2010 American Heart Association. All rights reserved. Print ISSN: 0009-7322. Online Summary: ,25 presented...

79

Elucidating the mechanisms behind pre-breakdown phenomena in transformer oil systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The widespread use of dielectric liquids for high voltage insulation and power apparatus cooling is due to their greater electrical breakdown strength and thermal conductivity than gaseous insulators. In addition, their ...

Hwang, Jae-Won George, 1980-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Cryoelectron Microscopy as a Functional Instrument for Systems Biology, Structural Analysis & Experimental Manipulations with Living Cells. A comprehensive review of the current works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to give an introductory review of the cryoelectron microscopy as a complex data source for the most of the system biology branches, including the most perspective non-local approaches known as "localomics" and "dynamomics". A brief summary of various cryoelectron mi-croscopy methods and corresponding system biological ap-proaches is given in the text. The above classification can be considered as a useful framework for the primary comprehen-sions about cryoelectron microscopy aims and instrumental tools. We do not discuss any of these concepts in details, but merely point out that their methodological complexity follows only from the structure-functional complexity of biological systems which are investigated in this manner. We also postu-late that one can employ some of the cryoelectron microscopic techniques not only for observation, but also for modification and structural refunctionalization of some biological and similar soft matter objects and microscopic samples. In other worlds, we start with the cryoelectron microscopy as a tool for the sys-tem biology and progress to its applying as an instrument for system biology and functional biomimetics; i.e. "system cryobi-ology" goes over into "synthetic cryobiology" or "cryogenic biomimetics". All these conclusions can be deduced from the most recent works of the latest years, including just submitted foreign papers. This article provides an up-to-date description of the conceptual basis for the novel view on the computational cryoelectron microscopy (in silico) approaches and the data mining principles which lie at the very foundation of modern structural analysis and reconstruction.

Oleg V. Gradov; Margaret A. Gradova

2015-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Analysis of low-pressure dc breakdown in nitrogen between two spherical iron electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of afterglow period {tau}, voltage increase rate k, and electrode gap d on breakdown voltage U{sub b} for a nitrogen-filled tube with spherical electrodes of diameter D>>d and p=6.5 mbar has been investigated. The data for the breakdown voltage were obtained for the case when there is a presence of N({sup 4}S) atoms, which release secondary electrons via recombination on the cathode. By fitting the experimental data of breakdown voltage mean values as a function of the voltage increase rate, the static breakdown voltages for afterglow periods of 15 and 100 s were estimated. The electrical field as a function of the electrode gap using breakdown voltage mean values was also determined. It is shown that experimental results of the breakdown voltage mean value as a function of pd in the interval of d from 0.82 to 1.62 mm can be very well described with Paschen's law, valid for the case of parallel-plate electrodes.

Pejovic, Momcilo M.; Nesic, Nikola T.; Pejovic, Milic M. [Faculty of Electronic Engineering, University of Nis, P.O. Box 73, 18001 (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Factors contributing to the breakdown of sodium beta-alumina  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clarification of the breakdown process occurring during charge transfer in sodium beta alumina solid electrolytes was derived from: (1) studying the effects of molten sodium contact at 350/sup 0/C on single crystal sodium beta alumina and polycrystalline sodium beta alumina; (2) determination of critical current density by monitoring acoustic emissions accompanying crack growth in sodium/sodium beta alumina/sodium cells subjected to linear current ramping at 1 mA cm/sup -2/ sec/sup -1/; (3) failure analysis conducted on cycled electrolytes, some from commercial sodium/sulfur cells, which had been subjected to up to 703 Ahr cm/sup -2/ of charge transfer. Gray coloration developing in beta aluminas in contact with molten sodium was found to be a consequence of formation, through reduction by sodium, of oxygen vacancies charge compensated by electrons. Electronic conductivity of the electrolyte increases as a result. No second phase formation was detected. Colored electrolytes from sodium/sulfur cells show evidence of a newly recognized degradation mechanism in which fracture occurs when sodium is reduced and deposited internally under pressure as metal in regions where an electronic conductivity gradient exists. Heating colored beta aluminas in air produces reoxidation and bleaching. Kinetics and other properties of the coloration and bleaching processes were determined. Critical current density was found to bear an inverse relation to average electrolyte grain size. Evidence was found in the cycled electrolytes for a slow crack growth mechanism and a progressive mode of degradation advancing from the sulfur electrode interface. Implications of the findings for the construction and operation of sodium/sulfur battery systems are discussed.

Buechele, A.C.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Schlieren Visualization Technique Applied to the Study of Laser-Induced Breakdown in Low Density Hypersonic Flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental results on the visualization of the time evolution of the laser-plasma induced breakdown produced in low density hypersonic flow using the Schlieren technique are presented. The plasma was generated by focusing the high power laser pulse of a CO2 TEA laser in the test section of the IEAv 0.3m Hypersonic Shock Tunnel. An ultra-high speed electronic tube camera was used to register the event. The photographs reveal the expansion of the shock wave produced by the laser generated hot plasma and the convection of the plasma kernel by the hypersonic flow. It is also observed the interaction between the plasma disturbed region and the shock established by the flow around an hemisphere-cylinder model. A strong change in the shock wave structure near the model was observed, corroborating the DEAS concept.

Oliveira, A. C. [Laboratorio Associado de Combustao e Propulsao INPE, Caixa Postal 01 12630-000 Cachoeira Paulista, SP. (Brazil); Laboratory of Aerothermodynamics and Hypersonics, IEAv-CTA, Sao Jose dos Campos - SP 12228-840 (Brazil); Minucci, M. A. S.; Toro, P. G. P.; Chanes, J. B. Jr [Laboratory of Aerothermodynamics and Hypersonics, IEAv-CTA, Sao Jose dos Campos - SP 12228-840 (Brazil); Salvador, I. I. [Laboratorio Associado de Combustao e Propulsao INPE, Caixa Postal 01 12630-000 Cachoeira Paulista, SP (Brazil); Myrabo, L. N.; Nagamatsu, H. T. [Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY (United States)

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

84

Working Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 2, 2010 ... Working Paper. Branch and Bound Algorithms for ...... interest when evaluating the performance. First, each derived subproblem means usage...

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

85

Statistical analysis of the electrical breakdown time delay distributions in krypton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The statistical analysis of the experimentally observed electrical breakdown time delay distributions in the krypton-filled diode tube at 2.6 mbar is presented. The experimental distributions are obtained on the basis of 1000 successive and independent measurements. The theoretical electrical breakdown time delay distribution is evaluated as the convolution of the statistical time delay with exponential, and discharge formative time with Gaussian distribution. The distribution parameters are estimated by the stochastic modelling of the time delay distributions, and by comparing them with the experimental distributions for different relaxation times, voltages, and intensities of UV radiation. The transition of distribution shapes, from Gaussian-type to the exponential-like, is investigated by calculating the corresponding skewness and excess kurtosis parameters. It is shown that the mathematical model based on the convolution of two random variable distributions describes experimentally obtained time delay distributions and the separation of the total breakdown time delay to the statistical and formative time delay.

Maluckov, Cedomir A.; Karamarkovic, Jugoslav P.; Radovic, Miodrag K.; Pejovic, Momcilo M. [Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, Vojske Jugoslavije 24, 19210 Bor (Serbia and Montenegro); Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Nis, Beogradska 14, 18000 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro); Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Nis, P.O. Box 224, 18001 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro); Faculty of Electronic Engineering, University of Nis, P.O. Box 73, 18001 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

The effects of a jet on vortex breakdown over a sharp leading-edge delta wing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering THE EFFECTS OF A JET ON VORTEX BREAKDOWN OVER A SHARP LEADING-EDGE DELTA WING A Thesis by IAN KENNETH MAYNARD Approved as to style and content by: Cyrus Ostowar (Chairman of Committee) Stan J Miley (M er...

Maynard, Ian Kenneth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

Time-dependent dielectric breakdown measurements of porous organosilicate glass using mercury and solid metal probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-dependent dielectric breakdown (TDDB) is one of the major concerns for low-k dielectric materials. During plasma processing, low-k dielectrics are subjected to vacuum ultraviolet photon radiation and charged-particle bombardment. To examine the change of TDDB properties, time-to-breakdown measurements are made to porous SiCOH before and after plasma exposure. Significant discrepancies between mercury and solid-metal probes are observed and have been shown to be attributed to mercury diffusion into the dielectric porosities.

Pei, Dongfei; Nichols, Michael T.; Shohet, J. Leon, E-mail: shohet@engr.wisc.edu [Plasma Processing and Technology Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); King, Sean W.; Clarke, James S. [Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Nishi, Yoshio [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Going To Work: Work Relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of a worker's top goals should be to develop good relationships with coworkers and supervisers. This publication discusses five general rules for building good relationships at work and offers advice on handling criticism....

Hoffman, Rosemarie

2000-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Work Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14 Sales of4) MonthlyWork &Work

90

Working Copy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWood and4213WorkWork

91

Coordination Breakdowns and Their Impact on Development Productivity and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coordinating the effort of many individuals across the multiple stages of the development process. In software in a reduction of work dependencies between teams developing interdependent modules. Although that research stream has been quite influential, it considers a static view of the problem of coordination

Herbsleb, James D.

92

Fermilab at Work | Work Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab NowLab LifeWork

93

Dielectric breakdown model for conductor-loaded and insulator-loaded composite materials P. Bergero,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dielectric breakdown model for conductor-loaded and insulator-loaded composite materials P. Bergero strength is highly desirable, and in the past years composite materials such as resin matrix filled- tors, and composites containing carbon black and titanium dioxide have recently been tested

Peruani, Fernando

94

Wiedenhfer et al. Inter-Organizational Crisis Management Infrastructure for Electrical Power Breakdowns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.pipek}@uni-siegen.de ABSTRACT Major electricity breakdowns like the Northeast Blackout (USA) in 2003 or the blackout in most on electricity, as was the case in 2003 in the Northeast Blackout, USA, or 2005 in Western Europe (Lorenz, 2010Wiedenhöfer et al. Inter-Organizational Crisis Management Infrastructure for Electrical Power

95

The onset of optical breakdown in KrF-laser-irradiated silica glass surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A synthetic fused silica obtained from Tosoh SGM Co., ESL-1000 (OH % 1200 wt. ppm), with a thick- ness of 2 mmThe onset of optical breakdown in KrF-laser-irradiated silica glass surfaces Y. Kawaguchia,* , A Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba Central 5, 1

Dickinson, J. Thomas

96

Breakdown of 2mm symmetry in electron diffraction from multiwalled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breakdown of 2mm symmetry in electron diffraction from multiwalled carbon nanotubes Zejian Liu of single-walled carbon nanotubes always have 2mm symmetry regardless if the nanotubes them- selves have such symmetry. We here show that, for the case of multiwalled carbon nanotubes, the 2mm symmetry can break down

Qin, Lu-Chang

97

Logarithmic Fermi-liquid breakdown in NbFe2 M. Brando,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperature dependence of the Sommerfeld coefficient = C/T of the specific heat capacity, C, over nearly two temperature dependences of the resistivity and of the heat capacity over extended ranges in temperatureLogarithmic Fermi-liquid breakdown in NbFe2 M. Brando,1, W. J. Duncan,1 D. Moroni-Klementowicz,1 C

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

98

Improving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recommen- dations on how to reduce the overall energy consumption of the household. In this paper, we build Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications]: Miscellaneous 1. INTRODUCTION The energy sectorImproving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events

99

PART I. THERMAL BREAKDOWN CHARACTERISTICS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE COMPONENTS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Columbia University in the City of New York - 3 - waste is an area of deep concern both within and Environmental Engineering Columbia University in the City of New York - 2 - Thermal Breakdown Characteristics to the increasing use of and investment in waste- to-energy technologies in Asia, these two realms of knowledge

Columbia University

100

Accurate Analytic Potential and Born-Oppenheimer Breakdown Functions for MgH and MgD from a Direct-Potential-Fit Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Analytic Potential and Born-Oppenheimer Breakdown Functions for MgH and MgD from a Direct-potential-fit analysis to yield improved analytic potential energy and Born-Oppenheimer breakdown functions allowed us also to determine the adiabatic Born- Oppenheimer breakdown effects in this molecule

Le Roy, Robert J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Status of High Power Tests of Normal Conducting Single-Cell Standing Wave Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our experiments are directed toward the understanding of the physics of rf breakdown in systems that can be used to accelerate electron beams at {approx}11.4 GHz. The structure geometries have apertures, stored energy per cell, and rf pulse duration close to that of the NLC or CLIC. The breakdown rate is the main parameter that we use to compare rf breakdown behavior for different structures at a given set of rf pulse parameters (pulse shape and peak power) at 60 Hz repetition rate. In our experiments, the typical range of the breakdown rate is from one per few hours to {approx}100 per hour. To date we have tested 29 structures. We consistently found that after the initial conditioning, the behavior of the breakdown rate is reproducible for structures of the same geometry and material, and the breakdown rate dependence on peak magnetic fields is stronger than on peak surface electric fields for structures of different geometries. Below we report the main results from tests of seven structures made from hard copper, soft copper alloys and hard-copper alloys. Additional details on these and other structures will be discussed in future publications.

Dolgashev, Valery; /SLAC; Tantawi, Sami; /SLAC; Yeremian, Anahid; /SLAC; Higashi, Yasuo; /KEK, Tsukuba; Spataro, Bruno; /INFN, Rome

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

102

'Let the phage do the work': Using the phage P22 coat protein structures as a framework to understand its folding and assembly mutants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The amino acid sequence of viral capsid proteins contains information about their folding, structure and self-assembly processes. While some viruses assemble from small preformed oligomers of coat proteins, other viruses such as phage P22 and herpesvirus assemble from monomeric proteins (Fuller and King, 1980). The subunit assembly process is strictly controlled through protein:protein interactions such that icosahedral structures are formed with specific symmetries, rather than aberrant structures. dsDNA viruses commonly assemble by first forming a precursor capsid that serves as a DNA packaging machine. DNA packaging is accompanied by a conformational transition of the small precursor procapsid into a larger capsid for isometric viruses. Here we highlight the pseudo-atomic structures of phage P22 coat protein and rationalize several decades of data about P22 coat protein folding, assembly and maturation generated from a combination of genetics and biochemistry.

Teschke, Carolyn M., E-mail: Teschke@uconn.ed [Departments of Molecular and Cell Biology, and Chemistry, 91 N. Eagleville Rd., U-3125, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3125 (United States); Parent, Kristin N. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)

2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

103

Breakdown of universality in transitions to spatio-temporal chaos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Letter we show that the transition from laminar to active behavior in extended chaotic systems can vary from a continuous transition in the universality class of Directed Percolation with infinitely many absorbing states to what appears as a first order transition. The latter occurs when {\\em finite} lifetime non-chaotic structures, called ``solitons'', dominate the dynamics. We illustrate this scenario in an extension of the deterministic Chat\\'e--Manneville coupled map lattice model and in a soliton including variant of the stochastic Domany-Kinzel cellular automaton.

Tomas Bohr; Martin van Hecke; Rene' Mikkelsen; Mads Ipsen

2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

104

Evidence of Magnetic Breakdown on the Defects With Thermally Suppressed Critical Field in High Gradient SRF Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At SRF 2011 we presented the study of quenches in high gradient SRF cavities with dual mode excitation technique. The data differed from measurements done in 80's that indicated thermal breakdown nature of quenches in SRF cavities. In this contribution we present analysis of the data that indicates that our recent data for high gradient quenches is consistent with the magnetic breakdown on the defects with thermally suppressed critical field. From the parametric fits derived within the model we estimate the critical breakdown fields.

Eremeev, Grigory [JLAB; Palczewski, Ari [JLAB

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Detection of chlorine with concentration of 0.18 kg/m{sup 3} in concrete by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chlorine concentration in concrete samples was measured by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). One or two pulsed second harmonic Nd:YAG lasers ({lambda}=532 nm) were used for the generation of laser-induced breakdown, and an intensified CCD camera, spectrometer, and optical bundle fiber were used for spectral measurement. To maximize the spectral intensity of the chlorine fluorescence line at a wavelength of 837.59 nm, the time delay between laser irradiation and spectral measurement, the time delay between the two laser pulses in double-pulse measurement, and the gate width of the spectral measurement were optimized. The linear relationship between the spectral intensity of the chlorine fluorescence line and the chlorine concentration was verified for pressed samples with chlorine concentrations from 0.18 to 5.4 kg/m{sup 3}. The signal-to-noise ratio was higher than 2 for the sample with a chlorine concentration of 0.18 kg/m{sup 3} (0.008 wt. %). Thus, a chlorine concentration of 0.6 kg/m{sup 3}, at which the reinforcing bars in concrete structures start to corrode, can be detected. These results show that LIBS is effective for the quantitative measurement of chlorine concentration in concrete with high sensitivity.

Sugiyama, K.; Fujii, T.; Matsumura, T.; Shiogama, Y.; Yamaguchi, M.; Nemoto, K.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Study of relaxation kinetics in argon afterglow by the breakdown time delay measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the afterglow kinetics in argon is studied by the breakdown time delay measurements as a function of relaxation time t{sub d}({tau}) ('memory curve'). Measurements were carried out at the pressure of 1.33 mbar in a gas tube with gold-plated copper cathode and approximate and exact numerical models are developed to follow metastable and charged particle decay. It was found that the early afterglow kinetics is governed by the charged particle decay up to hundreds of milliseconds, extending from ambipolar to the free diffusion limit. Quenching processes reduce the effective lifetime of metastable states several orders of magnitude below that relevant for the time scale of the observations if realistic abundances and processes are included in the model. Nitrogen atoms originating from impurities and recombining on the cathode surface can determine the breakdown time delay down to that defined by the level of cosmic rays and natural radioactivity.

Markovic, V.Lj.; Gocic, S.R.; Stamenkovic, S.N.; Petrovic, Z.Lj. [Department of Physics, University of Nis, P.O. BOX 224, 18001 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro); Institute of Physics, P.O. BOX 68, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

An approach to predict tarmat breakdown in Minagish Reservoir in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minagish Oolite reservoir, Minagish Field in Kuwait is characterized by tarmat presence at the oil-water contact. A water flooding project is planned for the reservoir. This paper discusses the possibility of tarmat break-down upon water injection below it. It was found that differential pressure at tarmat would be mainly due to water injection and that differential pressure due to oil production would be negligible. This paper suggests a technique to predict tarmat break-down time, response time at the nearest producer or observation well and the time at which water injection should be switched from below tarmat to above it. Also, the technique could be used to predict the differential pressure at tarmat anywhere in the reservoir.

Osman, M.E.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electroneutrality Breakdown and Specific Ion Effects in Nanoconfined Aqueous Electrolytes Observed by NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion distribution in aqueous electrolytes near the interface plays critical roles in electrochemical, biological and colloidal systems and is expected to be particularly significant inside nanoconfined regions. Electroneutrality of the total charge inside nanoconfined regions is commonly assumed a priori in solving ion distribution of aqueous electrolytes nanoconfined by uncharged hydrophobic surfaces with no direct experimental validation. Here, we use a quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance approach to investigate the properties of aqueous electrolytes nanoconfined in graphitic-like nanoporous carbon. Substantial electroneutrality breakdown in nanoconfined regions and very asymmetric responses of cations and anions to the charging of nanoconfining surfaces are observed. The electroneutrality breakdown is shown to depend strongly on the propensity of anions toward the water-carbon interface and such ion-specific response follows generally the anion ranking of the Hofmeister series. The experimental observat...

Luo, Zhi-Xiang; Ling, Yan-Chun; Kleinhammes, Alfred; Wu, Yue

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Electroneutrality Breakdown and Specific Ion Effects in Nanoconfined Aqueous Electrolytes Observed by NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion distribution in aqueous electrolytes near the interface plays critical roles in electrochemical, biological and colloidal systems and is expected to be particularly significant inside nanoconfined regions. Electroneutrality of the total charge inside nanoconfined regions is commonly assumed a priori in solving ion distribution of aqueous electrolytes nanoconfined by uncharged hydrophobic surfaces with no direct experimental validation. Here, we use a quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance approach to investigate the properties of aqueous electrolytes nanoconfined in graphitic-like nanoporous carbon. Substantial electroneutrality breakdown in nanoconfined regions and very asymmetric responses of cations and anions to the charging of nanoconfining surfaces are observed. The electroneutrality breakdown is shown to depend strongly on the propensity of anions toward the water-carbon interface and such ion-specific response follows generally the anion ranking of the Hofmeister series. The experimental observations are further supported by numerical evaluation using the generalized Poisson-Boltzmann equation

Zhi-Xiang Luo; Yun-Zhao Xing; Yan-Chun Ling; Alfred Kleinhammes; Yue Wu

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

110

Extension of thickness-dependent dielectric breakdown law on adiabatically compressed ferroelectric materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is experimentally found that the E{sub b}(d) = {gamma} {center_dot} d{sup -{xi}} law describing the thickness-dependent breakdown electric field for solid dielectrics at ambient conditions can be extended for dielectrics in other thermodynamic states. It follows from the experimental results reported herein that the breakdown field, E{sub b}(d), of Pb(Zr{sub 0.95}Ti{sub 0.05})O{sub 3} (PZT 95/5) and Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} (PZT 52/48) ferroelectrics subjected to explosive adiabatic compression obeys the above-mentioned law in a wide range of voltages, up to 150 kV.

Shkuratov, Sergey I. [Loki Incorporated, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States)] [Loki Incorporated, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States); Baird, Jason [Loki Incorporated, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States) [Loki Incorporated, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States); Department of Mining and Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65409-0450 (United States); Talantsev, Evgueni F. [Pulsed Power LLC, Lubbock, Texas 79416 (United States)] [Pulsed Power LLC, Lubbock, Texas 79416 (United States)

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

111

Cryoelectron Microscopy as a Functional Instrument for Systems Biology, Structural Analysis & Experimental Manipulations with Living Cells. A comprehensive review of the current works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to give an introductory review of the cryoelectron microscopy as a complex data source for the most of the system biology branches, including the most perspective non-local approaches known as "localomics" and "dynamomics". A brief summary of various cryoelectron mi-croscopy methods and corresponding system biological ap-proaches is given in the text. The above classification can be considered as a useful framework for the primary comprehen-sions about cryoelectron microscopy aims and instrumental tools. We do not discuss any of these concepts in details, but merely point out that their methodological complexity follows only from the structure-functional complexity of biological systems which are investigated in this manner. We also postu-late that one can employ some of the cryoelectron microscopic techniques not only for observation, but also for modification and structural refunctionalization of some biological and similar soft matter objects and microscopic samples. In other world...

Gradov, Oleg V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Dielectric breakdown properties of hot SF{sub 6}/He mixtures predicted from basic data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) gas has a quite high global warming potential and hence it is required that applying any substitute for SF{sub 6} gas. Much interest in the use of a mixture of helium and SF{sub 6} as arc quenching medium was investigated indicating a higher recovery performance of arc interruption than that of pure SF{sub 6}. It is known that the electrical breakdown in a circuit breaker after arc interruption occurs in a hot gas environment, with a complicated species composition because of the occurrence of dissociation and other reactions. The likelihood of breakdown relies on the electron interactions with all these species. The critical reduced electric field strength (the field at which breakdown can occur, relative to the number density) of hot SF{sub 6}/He mixtures related to the dielectric recovery phase of a high voltage circuit breaker is calculated in the temperature range from 300 K to 3500 K. The critically reduced electric field strength of these mixtures was obtained by balancing electron generation and loss mechanisms. These were evaluated using the electron energy distribution function derived from the Boltzmann transport equation under the two-term approximation. Good agreement was found between calculations for pure hot SF{sub 6} and pure hot He and experimental results and previous calculations. The addition of He to SF{sub 6} was found to decrease the critical reduced electric field strength in the whole temperature range due to a lack of electron impact attachment process for helium regardless its high ionization potential. This indicates that not the behaviour of dielectric strength but possibly the higher energy dissipation capability caused mainly by light mass and high specific heat as well as thermal conductivity of atomic helium contributes most to a higher dielectric recovery performance of arc interruption for SF{sub 6}/He mixtures.

Wang, Weizong [Qian Xuesen Laboratory of Space Technology, China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094 (China) [Qian Xuesen Laboratory of Space Technology, China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094 (China); State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China); Tu, Xin; Mei, Danhua [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, The University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ (United Kingdom)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, The University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ (United Kingdom); Rong, Mingzhe [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Plasma confinement by hemispherical cavity in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An aluminum hemispherical cavity (diameter: 11.1 mm) was used to confine plasmas produced by a KrF excimer laser in air from a steel target with a low concentration manganese in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. A significant enhancement (factor >12) in the emission intensity of Mn lines was observed at a laser fluence of 7.8 J/cm{sup 2} when the plasma was confined by the hemispherical cavity, leading to an increase in plasma temperature about 3600 K. The maximum emission enhancement increased with increasing laser fluence. The spatial confinement mechanism was discussed using shock wave theory.

Guo, L. B.; Li, C. M. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511 (United States); School of Optoelectronics Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Hu, W.; Zhou, Y. S.; Zhang, B. Y.; Lu, Y. F. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511 (United States); Cai, Z. X.; Zeng, X. Y. [School of Optoelectronics Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

114

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy at high temperatures in industrial boilers and furnaces.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied (1) near the superheater of an electric power generation boiler burning biomass, coat, or both, (2) at the exit of a glass-melting furnace burning natural gas and oxygen, and (3) near the nose arches of two paper mill recovery boilers burning black liquor. Difficulties associated with the high temperatures and high particle loadings in these environments were surmounted by use of novel LIBS probes. Echelle and linear spectrometers coupled to intensified CCD cameras were used individually and sometimes simultaneously. Elements detected include Na, K, Ca, Mg, C, B, Si, Mn, Al, Fe, Rb, Cl, and Ti.

Walsh, Peter M. (University of Alabama at Birmingham and Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, AL); Shaddix, Christopher R.; Sickafoose, Shane M.; Blevins, Linda Gail

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for real time and online elemental analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a laser based diagnostics used to study atomic emission from the expanding plasma plume formed during the laser-matter interaction. It provides valuable information about the composition of the target material. LIBS has proved its potential application in the analysis of impurities, pollutants and toxic elements in various types of matrices of different samples (solid, liquid and gases), even those present under difficult and harsh environmental conditions. This article reviews some recent developments in the field, and its wide application in various fields of research and analysis.

Rai, V N; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, J P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Effect of high solenoidal magnetic fields on breakdown voltages of high vacuum 805 MHz cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is an on going international collaboration studying the feasibility and cost of building a muon collider or neutrino factory [1,2]. An important aspect of this study is the full understanding of ionization cooling of muons by many orders of magnitude for the collider case. An important muon ionization cooling experiment, MICE [3], has been proposed to demonstrate and validate the technology that could be used for cooling. Ionization cooling is accomplished by passing a high-emittance muon beam alternately through regions of low Z material, such as liquid hydrogen, and very high accelerating RF Cavities within a multi-Tesla solenoidal field. To determine the effect of very large solenoidal magnetic fields on the generation of dark current, x-rays and on the breakdown voltage gradients of vacuum RF cavities, a test facility has been established at Fermilab in Lab G. This facility consists of a 12 MW 805 MHz RF station and a large warm bore 5 T solenoidal superconducting magnet containing a pill box type cavity with thin removable window apertures. This system allows dark current and breakdown studies of different window configurations and materials. The results of this study will be presented. The study has shown that the peak achievable accelerating gradient is reduced by a factor greater than 2 when solenoidal field of greater than 2 T are applied to the cavity.

Moretti, A.; Bross, A.; Geer, S.; Qian, Z.; /Fermilab; Norem, J.; /Argonne; Li, D.; Zisman, M.; /LBL, Berkeley; Torun, Y.; /IIT, Chicago; Rimmer, R.; /Jefferson Lab; Errede,; /Illinois U., Urbana

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

INVESTIGATION OF BREAKDOWN INDUCED SURFACE DAMAGE ON 805 MHZ PILLBOX CAVITY INTERIOR SURFACES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MuCool Test Area (MTA) at Fermilab is a facility to develop the technology required for ionization cooling for a future Muon Collider and/or Neutrino Factory. As part of this research program, we have tested two 805 MHz vacuum RF cavities in a multi-Tesla magnetic field to study the effects of the static magnetic field on the cavity operation. This study gives useful information on field emitters in the cavity, dark current, surface conditioning, breakdown mechanisms and material properties of the cavity. All these factors determine the maximum accelerating gradient in the cavity. This paper discusses the image processing technique for quantitative estimation of spark damage spot distribution on cavity interior surfaces. The distribution is compared with the electric field distribution predicted by a computer code calculation. The local spark density is proportional to probability of surface breakdown and shows a power law dependence on the maximum electric field (E). This E dependence is consistent with the dark current calculated from the Fowler-Nordheim equation.

Jana, M.R.; Chung, M.; Leonova, M.; Moretti, A.; Tollestrup,A.; Yonehara, K.; Freemire, B.; Torun, Y.; Bowring, D.; Flanagan, G.

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Pre-breakdown cavitation development in the dielectric fluid in the inhomogeneous, pulsed electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the development of pre-breakdown cavitation nanopores appearing in the dielectric fluid under the influence of the electrostrictive stresses in the inhomogeneous pulsed electric field. It is shown that three characteristic regions can be distinguished near the needle electrode. In the first region, where the electric field gradient is greatest, the cavitation nanopores, occurring during the voltage nanosecond pulse, may grow to the size at which an electron accelerated by the field inside the pores can acquire enough energy for excitation and ionization of the liquid on the opposite pore wall, i.e., the breakdown conditions are satisfied. In the second region, the negative pressure caused by the electrostriction is large enough for the cavitation initiation (which can be registered by optical methods), but, during the voltage pulse, the pores do not reach the size at which the potential difference across their borders becomes sufficient for ionization or excitation of water molecules. And, in the third, the development of cavitation is impossible, due to an insufficient level of the negative pressure: in this area, the spontaneously occurring micropores do not grow and collapse under the influence of surface tension forces. This paper discusses the expansion dynamics of the cavitation pores and their most probable shape.

Mikhail N. Shneider; Mikhail Pekker

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Hanford environmental management program multi-year work plan FY1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Support FY 1998 Multi-Year Work Plan (MYWP), consisting of the Hanford Environmental Management Program (HEMP) and the Effluent and Environmental Monitoring (EEM) Program MYWP is prepared to specifically establish the execution year`s work scope, budget targets, and schedule baselines. The work plan contains the work breakdown structure (WBS) and the WBS dictionary, milestone listings and milestone description sheets, and cost targets that the program manager will use to manage program work for the fiscal year. Where activities required to maintain or attain compliance with environmental requirements and agreements are impacted as a result of a reduction of the authorized funds, the ``Work Authorization`` identifies the impacted scope and requires the Contracting Officer`s or Assistant Manager-Contracting Officer`s Representative signature. Change requests will be submitted to RL by the contractor for approval, further documenting the impacts of any environmental and agreement noncompliances as a result of funding limitations. This is the first year that the MYWPs are submitted under the new Project Hanford Management Contractor (PHMC). The MYWPs are structured differently than in prior years. The MYWP is divided into two main sections. Section One is titled the ``Project Summary Section`` and Section Two is titled the ``Additional Sections at the Project Baseline Summaries Level``. Section One is where the major project summary-level information is provided. Section Two is designed to detail the information for each Project Baseline Summary (PBS) that falls under the purview of the major project listed in Section One. Considering all of the PHMC MYWPs, the HEMP and EEM programs are the one exception to the above description. HEMP and EEM are two of five separate programs that are organized under one common PBS that is titled Mission Support (PBS {number_sign} RL-OT01). RL has given guidance that HEMP and EEM will be submitted as one common MYWP, exclusive of the other programs under the Mission Support PBS. This MYWP thus has a Section One that speaks to two programs, and two Section Two`s, one each for HEMP and EEM.

Giese, K.A.

1997-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Beale-Kato-Majda breakdown criterion for an Oldroyd-B fluid in the creeping flow regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a criterion for the breakdown of solutions to the Oldroyd-B model in $\\R^3$ in the limit of zero Reynolds number (creeping flow). If the initial stress field is in the Sobolev space $H^m$, $m> 5/2$, then either a unique solution exists within this space indefinitely, or, at the time where the solution breaks down, the time integral of the $L^\\infty$-norm of the stress tensor must diverge. This result is analogous to the celebrated Beale-Kato-Majda breakdown criterion for the inviscid Eluer equations of incompressible fluids.

Raz Kupferman; Claude Mangoubi; Edriss S. Titi

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

Long working distance interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a long working distance interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. The long working distance of 10-30 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-D height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer. A well-matched pair of reference/sample objectives is not required, significantly reducing the cost of this microscope, as compared to a Linnik microinterferometer.

Sinclair, Michael B.; DeBoer, Maarten P.; Smith, Norman F.

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

122

Grain-scale thermoelastic stresses and spatiotemporal temperature gradients on airless bodies, implications for rock breakdown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermomechanical processes such as fatigue and shock have been suggested to cause and contribute to rock breakdown on Earth, and on other planetary bodies, particularly airless bodies in the inner solar system. In this study, we modeled grain-scale stresses induced by diurnal temperature variations on simple microstructures made of pyroxene and plagioclase on various solar system bodies. We found that a heterogeneous microstructure on the Moon experiences peak tensile stresses on the order of 100 MPa. The stresses induced are controlled by the coefficient of thermal expansion and Young's modulus of the mineral constituents, and the average stress within the microstructure is determined by relative volume of each mineral. Amplification of stresses occurs at surface-parallel boundaries between adjacent mineral grains and at the tips of pore spaces. We also found that microscopic spatial and temporal surface temperature gradients do not correlate with high stresses, making them inappropriate proxies for investig...

Molaro, Jamie L; Langer, Steve A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with laser irradiation resonant with vibrational transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of polymers, both in bulk form and spin coated on Si wafers, with laser irradiation in the mid-infrared spectral region is presented. Of particular interest is whether the LIBS signals are enhanced when the laser wavelength is resonant with a fundamental vibrational transition of the polymer. Significant increases in the LIBS signals were observed for irradiation on hydride stretch fundamental transitions, and the magnitude of the enhancement showed a strong dependence on the mode excited. The role of the substrate was investigated by comparison of results for bulk and spin-coated samples. The polymers investigated were Nylon 12 and poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene).

Khachatrian, Ani; Dagdigian, Paul J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for molten material analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) sensor, including a laser light source, a harmonic separator for directing the laser light, a dichroic mirror for reflecting the laser light, a coupling lens for coupling the laser light at an input of a multimode optical fiber, a connector for coupling the laser light from an output of the multimode optical fiber to an input of a high temperature holder, such as a holder made of stainless steel, and a detector portion for receiving emission signal and analyzing LIBS intensities. In one variation, the multimode optical fiber has silica core and silica cladding. The holder includes optical lenses for collimating and focusing the laser light in a molten alloy to produce a plasma, and for collecting and transmitting an emission signal to the multimode optical fiber.

Zhang, Hansheng; Rai, Awadesh K.; Singh, Jagdish P.; Yueh, Fang-Yu

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Breakdown of the equivalence between gravitational mass and energy for a composite quantum body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simplest quantum composite body, a hydrogen atom, is considered in the presence of a weak external gravitational field. We define an operator for the passive gravitational mass of the atom in the post-Newtonian approximation of the general relativity and show that it does not commute with its energy operator. Nevertheless, the equivalence between the expectation values of the mass and energy is shown to survive at a macroscopic level for stationary quantum states. Breakdown of the equivalence between passive gravitational mass and energy at a microscopic level for stationary quantum states can be experimentally detected by studying unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by the atoms, supported by and moving in the Earth's gravitational field with constant velocity, using spacecraft or satellite

Andrei G. Lebed

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

126

Dead-Space Theory Predictions of Excess-Noise Factor, Breakdown Voltage, and Frequency Response for Thin Avalanche Photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Thin Avalanche Photodiodes Majeed M. Hayat°", Mohammad A. Sa1eh', Ohhyun Kwonc, Bahaa E. A. Sale width. Keywords: Avalanche photodiode, dead space, impact ionization, excess noise factor, avalanche breakdown down, frequency response. 1 Introduction It is well known that for avalanche photodiodes (APDs

Teich, Malvin C.

127

670 IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 33, NO. 5, MAY 2012 Breakdown-Voltage-Enhancement Technique for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

670 IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 33, NO. 5, MAY 2012 Breakdown-Voltage-Enhancement Technique (FP), GaN power devices, leakage current. I. INTRODUCTION AlGaN/GaN high-electron-mobility transistors Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China. E. Xu, J. Lee, N

Ng, Wai Tung

128

Towards a better understanding of dielectric barrier discharges in ferroelectrets: Paschen breakdown fields in micrometer sized voids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charged cellular polypropylene foams (i.e., ferro- or piezoelectrets) demonstrate high piezoelectric activity upon being electrically charged. When an external electric field is applied, dielectric barrier discharges (DBDs) occur, resulting in a separation of charges which are subsequently deposited on dielectric surfaces of internal micrometer sized voids. This deposited space charge is responsible for the piezoelectric activity of the material. Previous studies have indicated charging fields larger than predicted by Townsend's model of Paschen breakdown applied to a multilayered electromechanical model; a discrepancy which prompted the present study. The actual breakdown fields for micrometer sized voids were determined by constructing single cell voids using polypropylene spacers with heights ranging from 8 to 75??m, sandwiched between two polypropylene dielectric barriers and glass slides with semi-transparent electrodes. Subsequently, a bipolar triangular charging waveform with a peak voltage of 6?kV was applied to the samples. The breakdown fields were determined by monitoring the emission of light due to the onset of DBDs using an electron multiplying CCD camera. The breakdown fields at absolute pressures from 101 to 251?kPa were found to be in good agreement with the standard Paschen curves. Additionally, the magnitude of the light emission was found to scale linearly with the amount of gas, i.e., the height of the voids. Emissions were homogeneous over the observed regions of the voids for voids with heights of 25??m or less and increasingly inhomogeneous for void heights greater than 40??m at high electric fields.

Harris, Scott, E-mail: harri4s@cmich.edu [Department of Physics and Science of Advanced Materials Program, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Applied Condensed-Matter Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany); Mellinger, Axel, E-mail: axel.mellinger@cmich.edu [Department of Physics and Science of Advanced Materials Program, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

129

Electrical and Sensing Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Network: Effect of Alignment and Selective Breakdown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full Paper Electrical and Sensing Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Network: Effect The electrical transport and NH3 sensing properties of randomly oriented and aligned SWNT networks were presented. Gated electrical breakdown was implemented to selectively remove metallic (m-) SWNTs, thereby reducing

130

Electron-ion relaxation time dependent signal enhancement in ultrafast double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron-ion relaxation time dependent signal enhancement in ultrafast double-pulse laser of collinear double-pulse compared to single-pulse ultrafast laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Our results showed that the significant signal enhancement noticed in the double pulse scheme is strongly correlated

Harilal, S. S.

131

The role of boundary conditions in a simple model of incipient vortex breakdown F. Gallaire and J.-M. Chomaz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the labora- tory, it is preferentially studied in vortex tubes, where it is seen in many cases to give riseThe role of boundary conditions in a simple model of incipient vortex breakdown F. Gallaire and J of a hairpin vortex in a shear-thinning fluid governed by a power-law model Phys. Fluids 25, 101703 (2013); 10

Boyer, Edmond

132

518 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 33, NO. 2, APRIL 2005 Plasma Dynamics During Breakdown in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, lamp, modeling, plasma. METAL halide arc lamps are widely used sources of in- door and large area plasma hydrodynamics model was used to investigate breakdown in metal halide lamp. Images depicting518 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 33, NO. 2, APRIL 2005 Plasma Dynamics During

Kushner, Mark

133

Metastable and charged particle decay in neon afterglow studied by the breakdown time delay measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Memory effect--the long time variation of the electrical breakdown time delay on the relaxation time t{sub d}({tau}) in neon--was explained by the Ne({sup 3}P{sub 2}) (1s{sub 5}) metastable state remaining from the preceding glow [Dj. A. Bosan, M. K. Radovic, and Dj. M. Krmpotic, J. Phys. D 19, 2343 (1986)]. However, the authors neglected the quenching processes that reduce the effective lifetime of metastable states several orders of magnitude below that of the memory effect observations. In this paper the time delay measurements were carried out in neon at the pressure of 6.6 mbar in a gas tube with gold-plated copper cathode, and the approximate and exact numerical models are developed in order to study the metastable and charged particle decay in afterglow. It was found that the metastable hypothesis completely failed to explain the afterglow kinetics, which is governed by the decay of molecular neon ions and molecular nitrogen ions produced in Ne{sub 2}{sup +} collisions with nitrogen impurities; i.e., Ne{sub 2}{sup +}+N{sub 2}{yields}N{sub 2}{sup +}+2Ne. Charged particle decay is followed up to hundreds of milliseconds in afterglow, from ambipolar to the free diffusion limit. After that, the late afterglow kinetics in neon can be explained by the nitrogen atoms recombining on the cathode surface and providing secondary electrons that determine the breakdown time delay down to the cosmic rays and natural radioactivity level.

Markovic, V. Lj.; Gocic, S. R.; Stamenkovic, S. N.; Petrovic, Z. Lj. [Department of Physics, University of Nis, P.O. Box 224, 18001 Nis (Serbia); Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 68, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

IONIZATION IN ATMOSPHERES OF BROWN DWARFS AND EXTRASOLAR PLANETS. III. BREAKDOWN CONDITIONS FOR MINERAL CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric discharges were detected directly in the cloudy atmospheres of Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn, are debatable for Venus, and indirectly inferred for Neptune and Uranus in our solar system. Sprites (and other types of transient luminous events) have been detected only on Earth, and are theoretically predicted for Jupiter, Saturn, and Venus. Cloud formation is a common phenomenon in ultra-cool atmospheres such as in brown dwarf and extrasolar planetary atmospheres. Cloud particles can be expected to carry considerable charges which may trigger discharge events via small-scale processes between individual cloud particles (intra-cloud discharges) or large-scale processes between clouds (inter-cloud discharges). We investigate electrostatic breakdown characteristics, like critical field strengths and critical charge densities per surface, to demonstrate under which conditions mineral clouds undergo electric discharge events which may trigger or be responsible for sporadic X-ray emission. We apply results from our kinetic dust cloud formation model that is part of the DRIFT-PHOENIX model atmosphere simulations. We present a first investigation of the dependence of the breakdown conditions in brown dwarf and giant gas exoplanets on the local gas-phase chemistry, the effective temperature, and primordial gas-phase metallicity. Our results suggest that different intra-cloud discharge processes dominate at different heights inside mineral clouds: local coronal (point discharges) and small-scale sparks at the bottom region of the cloud where the gas density is high, and flow discharges and large-scale sparks near, and maybe above, the cloud top. The comparison of the thermal degree of ionization and the number density of cloud particles allows us to suggest the efficiency with which discharges will occur in planetary atmospheres.

Helling, Ch.; Jardine, M.; Stark, C. [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Diver, D., E-mail: ch@leap2010.eu [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

135

NANOCOMPOSITE BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING APPROACHES FOR FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

non-destructive testing (NDT) after production as well as for maintenance and repair reasons is still energy sector. Both branches have large structural parts and, furthermore, their demand for maximal damage or avoidance of catastrophic breakdown, economic demands require optimised down-times and long

Boyer, Edmond

136

On-clip high frequency reliability and failure test structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Self-stressing test structures for realistic high frequency reliability characterizations. An on-chip high frequency oscillator, controlled by DC signals from off-chip, provides a range of high frequency pulses to test structures. The test structures provide information with regard to a variety of reliability failure mechanisms, including hot-carriers, electromigration, and oxide breakdown. The system is normally integrated at the wafer level to predict the failure mechanisms of the production integrated circuits on the same wafer. 22 figs.

Snyder, E.S.; Campbell, D.V.

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

On-clip high frequency reliability and failure test structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Self-stressing test structures for realistic high frequency reliability characterizations. An on-chip high frequency oscillator, controlled by DC signals from off-chip, provides a range of high frequency pulses to test structures. The test structures provide information with regard to a variety of reliability failure mechanisms, including hot-carriers, electromigration, and oxide breakdown. The system is normally integrated at the wafer level to predict the failure mechanisms of the production integrated circuits on the same wafer.

Snyder, Eric S. (Albuquerque, NM); Campbell, David V. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Review: [Untitled] Reviewed Work(s)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: [Untitled] Reviewed Work(s): Dodonæus in Japan: Translation and the Scientific Mind to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more

Elman, Benjamin

139

QEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a framework that details timelines, leadership, resource allocation, and an assessment plan that is clearlyQEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group The topic of the QEP should fit should be supported by a thorough understanding of the institutional context and by assessment data

Liu, Paul

140

Investigation of historical metal objects using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of metal objects is a necessary step for establishing an appropriate conservation treatment of an object or to follow up the application's result of the suggested treatments. The main considerations on selecting a method that can be used in investigation and analysis of metal objects are based on the diagnostic power, representative sampling, reproducibility, destructive nature/invasiveness of analysis and accessibility to the appropriate instrument. This study aims at evaluating the usefulness of the use of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Technique for analysis of historical metal objects. In this study various historical metal objects collected from different museums and excavations in Egypt were investigated using (LIBS) technique. For evaluating usefulness of the suggested analytical protocol of this technique, the same investigated metal objects were investigated by other methods such as Scanning Electron Microscope with energy-dispersive x-ray analyzer (SEM-EDX) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). This study confirms that Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Technique is considered very useful technique that can be used safely for investigating historical metal objects. LIBS analysis can quickly provide information on the qualitative and semi-quantitative elemental content of different metal objects and their characterization and classification. It is practically non-destructive technique with the critical advantage of being applicable in situ, thereby avoiding sampling and sample preparations. It is can be dependable, satisfactory and effective method for low cost study of archaeological and historical metals. But we have to take into consideration that the corrosion of metal leads to material alteration and possible loss of certain metals in the form of soluble salts. Certain corrosion products are known to leach out of the object and therefore, their low content does not necessarily reflect the composition of the metal at the time of the object manufacture. Another point should be taken into consideration that the heterogeneity of a metal alloy object that often result from poor mixing of the different metal alloy composition.There is a necessity to carry out further research to investigate and determine the most appropriate and effective approaches and methods for conservation of these metal objects.

Abdel-Kareem, O. [Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University (Egypt); Ghoneim, M. [Conservation Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Minia University (Egypt); Harith, M. A. [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University (Egypt)

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Analysis of indium zinc oxide thin films by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed spectroscopic analysis of the plasma generated by Nd:YAG ({lambda} = 266 nm) laser irradiation of thin indium zinc oxide films with variable In content deposited by combinatorial pulsed laser deposition on glass substrates. The samples were irradiated in 5 x 10{sup 4} Pa argon using laser pulses of 5 ns duration and 10 mJ energy. The plasma emission spectra were recorded with an Echelle spectrometer coupled to a gated detector with different delays with respect to the laser pulse. The relative concentrations of indium and zinc were evaluated by comparing the measured spectra to the spectral radiance computed for a plasma in local thermal equilibrium. Plasma temperature and electron density were deduced from the relative intensities and Stark broadening of spectral lines of atomic zinc. Analyses at different locations on the deposited thin films revealed that the In/(In + Zn) concentration ratio significantly varies over the sample surface, from 0.4 at the borders to about 0.5 in the center of the film. The results demonstrate that laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy allows for precise and fast characterization of thin films with variable composition.

Popescu, A. C. [LP3, CNRS - Universite Aix-Marseille, 163 Ave. de Luminy, Marseille 13288 (France); National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele, Ilfov 077125 (Romania); Beldjilali, S. [LP3, CNRS - Universite Aix-Marseille, 163 Ave. de Luminy, Marseille 13288 (France); LPPMCA, Universite des Sciences et de la Technologie d'Oran, BP 1505 El Mnaouer, Oran (Algeria); Socol, G.; Mihailescu, I. N. [National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele, Ilfov 077125 (Romania); Craciun, V. [National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele, Ilfov 077125 (Romania); MAIC, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Hermann, J. [LP3, CNRS - Universite Aix-Marseille, 163 Ave. de Luminy, Marseille 13288 (France)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

High altitude atmospheric discharges according to the runaway air breakdown mechanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High altitude optical transients - red sprites, blue jets, and elves - are modeled in the context of the relativistic electron runaway air breakdown mechanism. These emissions are usually associated with large mesoscale convective systems (hereafter MCS). In thunderstorms cloud electrification proceeds over a time scale long enough to permit the conducting atmosphere above the cloud to polarize and short out the thunderstorm electric field. When a lightning strike rapidly neutralizes a cloud charge layer runaway driving fields can develop in the stratosphere and mesosphere. According to present simulations of the full runaway process the variety of observed optical emissions are due to the nature of the normal lightning event in the MCS that kick starts the runaway avalanche. In this paper the authors describe some details of the model, present the results of the evolution of the primary electron population, and summarize the initial conditions necessary for different types of discharges. Two companion papers present (a) the predicted optical, gamma ray, and radio emissions caused by these electrical discharges, and (b) the time evolution of the secondary electron population and its implications in terms of observables.

Symbalisty, E.; Roussel-Dupre, R.; Yukhimuk, V.; Taranenko, Y.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Temperature effect on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy spectra of molten and solid salts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been investigated as a potential analytical tool to improve operations and safeguards for electrorefiners, such as those used in processing spent nuclear fuel. This study set out to better understand the effect of sample temperature and physical state on LIBS spectra of molten and solid salts by building calibration curves of cerium and assessing self-absorption, plasma temperature, electron density, and local thermal equilibrium (LTE). Samples were composed of a LiClKCl eutectic salt, an internal standard of MnCl2, and varying concentrations of CeCl3 (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 wt.% Ce) under different temperatures (773, 723, 673, 623, and 573 K). Analysis of salts in their molten form is preferred as plasma plumes from molten samples experienced less self-absorption, less variability in plasma temperature, and higher clearance of the minimum electron density required for local thermal equilibrium. These differences are attributed to plasma dynamics as a result of phase changes. Spectral reproducibility was also better in the molten state due to sample homogeneity.

Cynthia Hanson; Supathorn Phongikaroon; Jill R. Scott

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy data using peak area step-wise regression analysis: an alternative method for interpretation of Mars science laboratory results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ChemCam instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will include a laser-induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS) to quantify major and minor elemental compositions. The traditional analytical chemistry approach to calibration curves for these data regresses a single diagnostic peak area against concentration for each element. This approach contrasts with a new multivariate method in which elemental concentrations are predicted by step-wise multiple regression analysis based on areas of a specific set of diagnostic peaks for each element. The method is tested on LIBS data from igneous and metamorphosed rocks. Between 4 and 13 partial regression coefficients are needed to describe each elemental abundance accurately (i.e., with a regression line of R{sup 2} > 0.9995 for the relationship between predicted and measured elemental concentration) for all major and minor elements studied. Validation plots suggest that the method is limited at present by the small data set, and will work best for prediction of concentration when a wide variety of compositions and rock types has been analyzed.

Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barefield, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dyar, Melinda D [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE; Schafer, Martha W [LSU; Tucker, Jonathan M [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Design of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy system for on-line quality analysis of pulverized coal in power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is vitally important for a power plant to determine the chemical composition of coal prior to combustion in order to obtain optimal boiler control. In this work, a fully software-controlled laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system comprising a LIBS apparatus and sampling equipment has been designed for possible application to power plants for on-line quality analysis of pulverized coal. Special attention was given to the LIBS system, the data processing methods (especially the normalization with Bode Rule/DC Level) and the specific settings (the software-controlled triggering source, high-pressure gas cleaning device, sample preparation module, sampling module, etc.), which gave the best direct measurement for C, H, Si, Na, Mg, Fe, Al, and Ti with measurement errors less than 10% for pulverized coal. Therefore, the apparatus is accurate enough to be applied to industries for on-line monitoring of pulverized coal. The method of proximate analysis was also introduced and the experimental error of A(ad) (Ash, 'ad' is an abbreviation for 'air dried') was shown in the range of 2.29 to 13.47%. The programmable logic controller (PLC) controlled on-line coal sampling equipment, which is designed based upon aerodynamics, and is capable of performing multipoint sampling and sample-preparation operation.

Yin, W.B.; Zhang, L.; Dong, L.; Ma, W.G.; Jia, S.T. [Shanxi Agricultural University, Taiyuan (China)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Measurements of the volt-ampere characteristics and the breakdown voltages of direct-current helium and hydrogen discharges in microgaps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The discharge phenomena for micro meter gap sizes include many interesting problems from engineering and physical perspectives. In this paper, the authors deal with the experimental and theoretical results of the breakdown voltage and current-voltage characteristics of the direct-current helium and hydrogen discharges. The measurements were performed at a constant pressure of around one atmosphere, while varying the gap size between two parallel plane tungsten electrodes between 1??m and 100??m. From the measured breakdown voltage curves, the effective yields and the ionization coefficients were derived for both gases. Present data for the ionization coefficients correlate with the data obtained for the breakdown voltage curves measured for fixed 100??m interelectrode separation. The current-voltage characteristics were plotted for the various gap sizes illustrating the role of the field emission effects in the microgaps. Based on the Fowler-Nordheim theory, the enhancement factors were determined. The gap spacing dependence of the field emission current can be explained by the introduction of two ideas, the first being a space charge effect by emitted electrons, and the second a change in the breakdown mechanism. Experimental results, presented here, demonstrate that Townsend phenomenology breaks down when field emission becomes the key mechanism affecting the breakdown and deforming the left hand side of the breakdown voltage curves.

Klas, M.; Matej?ik, . [Department of Experimental Physics, Comenius University, Mlynskadolina F2, 84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Radjenovi?, B.; Radmilovi?-Radjenovi?, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 57, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Team work: Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Team work: Construction Management The Division of Engineering Technology in an construction technology area, an associate degree in construction science, or college- level course work equivalent to an associate degree in construction related area

Berdichevsky, Victor

148

Interagency Sustainability Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Interagency Sustainability Working Group (ISWG) is the coordinating body for sustainable buildings in the federal government.

149

Work Permit # 51012MZ5 Work Order# '  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Confined Space· 0 Ergonomics· 0 Material Handling o ,Beryllium· 0 Electrical 0 Hydraulic o Safety Harness o Electrical Working Hot o Electrical Noise 0 Potential to Cause aFalse Alarm o QiCombustible Gas o IHSurvey Dosimeter o LockoutITagout o Spill potential o Self-reading Pencil Dosimeter o Impair Fire Protection

Homes, Christopher C.

150

Bulk measurement of copper and sodium content in CuIn(0.7)Ga(0.3)Se(2) (CIGS) solar cells with nanosecond pulse length laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we show that laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) with a nanosecond pulse laser can be used to measure the copper and sodium content of CuIn(0.7)Ga(0.3)Se(2) (CIGS) thin film solar cells on molybdenum. This method has four significant advantages over methods currently being employed: the method is inexpensive, measurements can be taken in times on the order of one second, without high vacuum, and at distances up to 5 meters or more. The final two points allow for in-line monitoring of device fabrication in laboratory or industrial environments. Specifically, we report a linear relationship between the copper and sodium spectral lines from LIBS and the atomic fraction of copper and sodium measured via secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), discuss the ablation process of this material with a nanosecond pulse laser compared to shorter pulse duration lasers, and examine the depth resolution of nanosecond pulse LIBS.

Kowalczyk, Jeremy M D; DeAngelis, Alexander; Kaneshiro, Jess; Mallory, Stewart A; Chang, Yuancheng; Gaillard, Nicolas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Interview: LaborWorks@NeighborWorks Provides Vermont Contractors...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interview: LaborWorks@NeighborWorks Provides Vermont Contractors With Help When They Need It Interview: LaborWorks@NeighborWorks Provides Vermont Contractors With Help When They...

152

Work Area Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY X.X.X. Volume V, Information Technology. Chapter 6, Acceptable Safety Work Locations. Issuing Office: Department of Mathematics. Responsible...

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

INL @ work: Archaeologist  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL @ work features jobs performed at the lab. For more information about INL careers, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Lowrey, Dino

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

INL @ work: Archaeologist  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INL @ work features jobs performed at the lab. For more information about INL careers, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Lowrey, Dino

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Methods for measurement of heterogeneous materials with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000. 15) Welz B, Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, ThirdFor elemental analyses atomic absorption spectroscopy iscommonly used (15). Atomic absorption spectroscopy works by

Effenberger, Andrew Jay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Remote Raman - laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) geochemical investigation under Venus atmospheric conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extreme Venus surface temperatures ({approx}740 K) and atmospheric pressures ({approx}93 atm) create a challenging environment for surface missions. Scientific investigations capable of Venus geochemical observations must be completed within hours of landing before the lander will be overcome by the harsh atmosphere. A combined remote Raman - LIBS (Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy) instrument is capable of accomplishing the geochemical science goals without the risks associated with collecting samples and bringing them into the lander. Wiens et al. and Sharma et al. demonstrated that both analytical techniques can be integrated into a single instrument capable of planetary missions. The focus of this paper is to explore the capability to probe geologic samples with Raman - LIBS and demonstrate quantitative analysis under Venus surface conditions. Raman and LIBS are highly complementary analytical techniques capable of detecting both the mineralogical and geochemical composition of Venus surface materials. These techniques have the potential to profoundly increase our knowledge of the Venus surface composition, which is currently limited to geochemical data from Soviet Venera and VEGA landers that collectively suggest a surface composition that is primarily tholeiitic basaltic with some potentially more evolved compositions and, in some locations, K-rich trachyandesite. These landers were not equipped to probe the surface mineralogy as can be accomplished with Raman spectroscopy. Based on the observed compositional differences and recognizing the imprecise nature of the existing data, 15 samples were chosen to constitute a Venus-analog suite for this study, including five basalts, two each of andesites, dacites, and sulfates, and single samples of a foidite, trachyandesite, rhyolite, and basaltic trachyandesite under Venus conditions. LIBS data reduction involved generating a partial least squares (PLS) model with a subset of the rock powder standards to quantitatively determine the major elemental abundance of the remaining samples. PLS analysis suggests that the major element compositions can be determined with root mean square errors ca. 5% (absolute) for SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(total), MgO, and CaO, and ca. 2% or less for TiO{sub 2}, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, MnO, K{sub 2}O, and Na{sub 2}O. Finally, the Raman experiments have been conducted under supercritical CO{sub 2} involving single-mineral and mixed-mineral samples containing talc, olivine, pyroxenes, feldspars, anhydrite, barite, and siderite. The Raman data have shown that the individual minerals can easily be identified individually or in mixtures.

Clegg, Sanuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barefield, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Humphries, Seth D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vaniman, D. T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sharma, S. K. [UNIV OF HAWAII; Misra, A. K. [UNIV OF HAWAII; Dyar, M. D. [MT. HOLYOKE COLLEGE; Smrekar, S. E. [JET PROPULSION LAB.

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

Work Authorization System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

It establishes a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated management and operating (M&O), management and integrating (M&I), environmental restoration management contracts (ERMC) and other contracts determined by the Procurement Executive (hereafter referred to as M&O contractors). Cancels DOE O 5700.7C. Canceled by DOE O 412.1A.

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

Work Authorization System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Cancels DOE O 412.1.

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

159

Work Authorization System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Admin Chg 1, dated 5-21-2014, cancels DOE O 412.1A.

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

Transient phenomena in the dielectric breakdown of HfO{sub 2} optical films probed by ultrafast laser pulse pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser induced breakdown threshold of HfO{sub 2} films is studied with single pairs of pulses of variable delay and 50 fs and 1 ps pulse duration. Two distinct transient regimes are observed that can be related to the relaxation of the electron density from the conduction band via an intermediate state to the valence band. The experimental results are in good agreement with a theoretical model that assumes occupation of mid gap states after the first pulse on a time scale of several tens of picoseconds and subsequent decay of this population via recombination with holes in the valence band on a time scale of several tens of milliseconds.

Nguyen, Duy N.; Emmert, Luke A.; Rudolph, Wolfgang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Patel, Dinesh; Menoni, Carmen S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Work with Biological Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWood and4213WorkWork withWork

162

Construction work process management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-related activities. The study addresses relationships between selected TQM concepts (TQM tools, training, process focus, and teamwork) and work process management, defined in terms of planning, control, and improvement. The investigation was performed in two...

Soares, Jorge Barbosa

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Clean Energy Works (Oregon)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clean Energy Works began in 2009 as a pilot program run by the City of Portland. In 2010, the US department of Energy awarded $20 million to create a statewide nonprofit to expand the program...

164

How Fusion Energy Works  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fusion energy is the energy source of the sun and all of the stars. As part of How Energy Works, we'll cover everything from fuel sources to plasma physics and beyond.

165

Fermilab: Science at Work  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Six days. Three frontiers. One amazing lab. From 2010 to 2012, a film crew followed a group of scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermilab and filmed them at work and at home. This 40-minute documentary shows the diversity of the people, research and work at Fermilab. Viewers catch a true behind-the-scenes look of the United States' premier particle physics laboratory while scientists explain why their research is important to them and the world.

Brendan Casey; Herman White; Craig Hogan; Denton Morris; Mary Convery; Bonnie Fleming; Deborah Harris; Dave Schmitz; Brenna Flaugher; Aron Soha

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

Fermilab: Science at Work  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six days. Three frontiers. One amazing lab. From 2010 to 2012, a film crew followed a group of scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermilab and filmed them at work and at home. This 40-minute documentary shows the diversity of the people, research and work at Fermilab. Viewers catch a true behind-the-scenes look of the United States' premier particle physics laboratory while scientists explain why their research is important to them and the world.

Brendan Casey; Herman White; Craig Hogan; Denton Morris; Mary Convery; Bonnie Fleming; Deborah Harris; Dave Schmitz; Brenna Flaugher; Aron Soha

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Corrosion inhibitor storage and release property of TiO{sub 2} nanotube powder synthesized by rapid breakdown anodization method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? TiO{sub 2} nanotube powders were synthesized by rapid breakdown anodization method. ? Benzotriazole was loaded into the TiO{sub 2} nanotube powders. ? Low pH induced release of benzotriazole from TiO{sub 2} nanotube powders was proved. -- Abstract: Titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) is one of the most studied substances in material science due to its versatile properties and diverse applications. In this study titanium dioxide nanotube powder were synthesized by rapid breakdown anodization (RBA) method. The synthesis involved potentiostatic anodization of titanium foil in 0.1 M HClO{sub 4} electrolyte under an applied voltage of 20 V and rapid stirring. The morphology and the phase of titanium dioxide nanotube powder were studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy, laser Raman spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Benzotriazole was chosen as model inhibitor to evaluate TiO{sub 2} nanotube powder's corrosion inhibitor loading and releasing properties. The storage and release properties of TiO{sub 2} nanotube powder were studied using UVvisible spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis.

Arunchandran, C.; Ramya, S.; George, R.P. [Corrosion Science and Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India)] [Corrosion Science and Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India); Kamachi Mudali, U., E-mail: kamachi@igcar.gov.in [Corrosion Science and Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Rapid breakdown anodization technique for the synthesis of high aspect ratio and high surface area anatase TiO{sub 2} nanotube powders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clusters of high aspect ratio, high surface area anatase-TiO{sub 2} nanotubes with a typical nanotube outer diameter of about 18 nm, wall thickness of approximately 5 nm and length of 5-10 {mu}m were synthesized, in powder form, by breakdown anodization of Ti foils in 0.1 M perchloric acid, at 10 V (299 K) and 20 V ({approx}275 and 299 K). The surface area, morphology, structure and band gap were determined from Brunauer Emmet Teller method, field emmission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman, photoluminescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopic studies. The tubular morphology and anatase phase were found to be stable up to 773 K and above 773 K anatase phase gradually transformed to rutile phase with disintegration of tubular morphology. At 973 K, complete transformation to rutile phase and disintegration of tubular morphology were observed. The band gap of the as prepared and the annealed samples varied from 3.07 to 2.95 eV with increase in annealing temperature as inferred from photoluminescence and diffuse reflectance studies. -- Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} High aspect ratio anatase-titania nanotube powders were synthesized electrochemically. {yields} The surface area of the nanotubes were much higher than those reported. {yields} The annealing temperature limit for maintaining tubular morphology was established. {yields} The photoluminiscence spectroscopy reflected the presence of defects, annealing of defects and phase transformation. {yields} The nanotubes were of {approx}5 nm wall thickness as revealed by TEM studies.

Antony, Rajini P. [Thin Films and Coatings Section, Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Mathews, Tom, E-mail: tom@igcar.gov.i [Thin Films and Coatings Section, Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Dasgupta, Arup [Physical Metallurgy Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Dash, S.; Tyagi, A.K. [Thin Films and Coatings Section, Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Raj, Baldev [Thin Films and Coatings Section, Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Physical Metallurgy Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

RF properties of periodic accelerating structures for linear colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of the SLAC electron-positron linear collider (SLC) in the 100 GeV center-of-mass energy range, research and development work on even higher energy machines of this type has started in several laboratories in the United States, Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. These linear colliders appear to provide the only promising approach to studying e/sup /plus//e/sup /minus// physics at center-of-mass energies approaching 1 TeV. This thesis concerns itself with the study of radio frequency properties of periodic accelerating structures for linear colliders and their interaction with bunched beams. The topics that have been investigated are: experimental measurements of the energy loss of single bunches to longitudinal modes in two types of structures, using an equivalent signal on a coaxial wire to simulate the beam; a method of canceling the energy spread created within a single bunch by longitudinal wakefields, through appropriate shaping of the longitudinal charge distribution of the bunch; derivation of the complete transient beam-loading equation for a train of bunches passing through a constant-gradient accelerator section, with application to the calculation and minimization of multi-bunch energy spread; detailed study of field emission and radio frequency breakdown in disk-loaded structures at S-, C- and X-band frequencies under extremely high-gradient conditions, with special attention to thermal effects, radiation, sparking, emission of gases, surface damage through explosive emission and its possible control through RF-gas processing. 53 refs., 49 figs., 9 tabs.

Wang, J.W.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Explicit construction of universal structures Jan Hubicka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explicit construction of universal structures Jan Hubicka Charles University Prague Joint work with Jarik Nesetril Workshop on Homogeneous Structures 2011 Jan Hubicka Explicit construction of universal Explicit construction of universal structures #12;Universal relational structures By relational structures

St Andrews, University of

171

Microsoft Word - CTF WBS&PEDS_white paper_v1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WHITE PAPER Work Breakdown Structure and PlantEquipment Designation System Numbering Scheme for the High Temperature Gas- Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Component Test Capability (CTC)...

172

Work with Biological Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWood and4213WorkWork with

173

Working With Us | NREL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletesWork/LifeWorking

174

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Minneapolis Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study #12;Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Background: · Currently, funding

Minnesota, University of

175

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

_______ 15 SSH-2009 - 4.1.1. Competition and collaboration in access to oil, gas and mineral resourcesWORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION THEME 8 SOCIO-ECONOMIC SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES (European Commission and the Humanities Page 1 of 38 OBJECTIVE_______________________________________________________________ 3 I CONTEXT

Milano-Bicocca, Universit

176

Work Force Discipline  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order provides guidance and procedures and states responsibilities for maintaining work force discipline in DOE. Chg 1, dated 3-11-85; Chg 2, dated 1-6-86; Chg 3, dated 3-21-89; Chg 4, dated 8-2-90; Chg 5, dated 3-9-92; Chg 6, dated 8-21-92, cancels Chg 5.

1983-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

177

Moulinath Banerjee Work Address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Stat.(Honors) 1995, in First Division with Distinction. Employment Associate Professor of Statistics, UniversityMoulinath Banerjee Work Address University of Michigan Department of Statistics 439, West Hall 1085 estimation, Statistical Methods in Astronomy, Biomedical studies and Epidemiology, Threshold and boundary

Banerjee, Moulinath

178

Moulinath Banerjee Work Address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Stat.(Honors) 1995, in First Division with Distinction. Employment Associate Professor of Statistics, University Methods in Non­standard Problems. Currently employed as Tenure-track Assistant Professor of StatisticsMoulinath Banerjee Work Address University of Michigan Department of Statistics 439, West Hall 1085

Banerjee, Moulinath

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - ad hoc working Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

works, an adaptive wireless communication infrastructure between power... , and self-sustaining ad hoc Grid frame- work. Although an ad hoc Grid must support structure-,...

180

Recent Progress on a Manifold Damped and Detuned Structure for CLIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A damped detuned structure for the main X-band linacs of CLIC is being investigated as an alternative design to the present baseline heavily damped structure. In our earlier designs we studied detuned structures, operating at 11.994 GHz, with a range of dipole bandwidths in order to ensure the structure satisfies beam dynamics and rf breakdown constraints. Here we report on the development of a damped and detuned structure which satisfies both constraints. Preparations for high power testing of the structure are also discussed

Khan, V F; Grudiev, A; Jones, R M; Wuensch, W; Zennaro, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Electron-ion relaxation time dependent signal enhancement in ultrafast double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the emission properties of collinear double-pulse compared to single-pulse ultrafast laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Our results showed that the significant signal enhancement noticed in the double pulse scheme is strongly correlated to the characteristic electron-ion relaxation time and hence to the inter-pulse delays. Spectroscopic excitation temperature analysis showed that the improvement in signal enhancement is caused by the delayed pulse efficient reheating of the pre-plume. The signal enhancement is also found to be related to the upper excitation energy of the selected lines, i.e., more enhancement noticed for lines originating from higher excitation energy levels, indicating reheating is the major mechanism behind the signal improvement.

Harilal, S. S.; Diwakar, P. K.; Hassanein, A. [Center for Materials Under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [Center for Materials Under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

182

1204 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 34, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 1999 Breakdown in Millimeter-Wave Power InP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1204 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 34, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 1999 Breakdown in Millimeter-Wave Power InP HEMT's: A Comparison with GaAs PHEMT's J. A. del Alamo and M. H. Somerville Abstract's) deliver lower output power than GaAs pseudomorphic HEMT's (PHEMT's) throughout most of the millimeter

del Alamo, Jess A.

183

Experimental observation of breakdowns in the Fermilab RF Gun G4 J.-P. Carneiro1, D. Edwards2, I. Gonin2, S. Schreiber1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental observation of breakdowns in the Fermilab RF Gun G4 J.-P. Carneiro1, D. Edwards2, I Fermilab has developed and delivered to DESY Hamburg two RF guns for the operation of the phase I at the A0 photo-injector at Fermilab since January 1999 where it has been successfully conditioned at 1 Hz

184

Putting Dollars to Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the extent to which bacteria are present. If these data demonstrate the need for an assessment of total maximum daily loads, experts in bacterial source tracking will help plan and imple- ment appropriate follow-up. Dairy Compost Utilization... This project addresses the elevated concentrations of ammonia, nitrogen, phosphorus and fecal bacteria found in parts of the North Bosque River, Upper North Bosque River and Leon River. Texas A&M agricultural scientists are working with composters...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Annex 3 Resource Management Review The following questions will be addressed by the Resource Management Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Review: Work Breakdown Structure Is there a valid work breakdown structure? Does it coverAnnex 3 ­ Resource Management Review The following questions will be addressed by the Resource the complete project? Are there work package (WP) descriptions? Are these detailed enough? Do they have WP

186

INL's '@work' Scientific Glassblower  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INL's '@work' segments feature INL employees and the jobs they perform. This edition features INL's Russell Lewis, a skilled glassblower. Learn more at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory. Prepared by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC under Contract NO.DE-AC07-05ID14517 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States Government retains a nonexclusive paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce this video, or allow others to do so, for United States Government Purposes.

Lewis, Russel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Working Together | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14 SalesWorkerWorkforce1:Working

188

Fermilab at Work | Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayne State University

189

Trails Working Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2Topo II: An EnzymePersonalTracking LivingTrailerWorking

190

Work/Life Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletesWork/Life Balance

191

Working with Us | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers atWorking with Us Overview Proposal

192

Working Group Report: Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sensors play a key role in detecting both charged particles and photons for all three frontiers in Particle Physics. The signals from an individual sensor that can be used include ionization deposited, phonons created, or light emitted from excitations of the material. The individual sensors are then typically arrayed for detection of individual particles or groups of particles. Mounting of new, ever higher performance experiments, often depend on advances in sensors in a range of performance characteristics. These performance metrics can include position resolution for passing particles, time resolution on particles impacting the sensor, and overall rate capabilities. In addition the feasible detector area and cost frequently provides a limit to what can be built and therefore is often another area where improvements are important. Finally, radiation tolerance is becoming a requirement in a broad array of devices. We present a status report on a broad category of sensors, including challenges for the future and work in progress to solve those challenges.

Artuso, M.; et al.,

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

193

How NIF Works  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is the world's largest laser system... 192 huge laser beams in a massive building, all focused down at the last moment at a 2 millimeter ball containing frozen hydrogen gas. The goal is to achieve fusion... getting more energy out than was used to create it. It's never been done before under controlled conditions, just in nuclear weapons and in stars. We expect to do it within the next 2-3 years. The purpose is threefold: to create an almost limitless supply of safe, carbon-free, proliferation-free electricity; examine new regimes of astrophysics as well as basic science; and study the inner-workings of the U.S. stockpile of nuclear weapons to ensure they remain safe, secure and reliable without the need for underground testing. More information about NIF can be found at:

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

How NIF Works  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is the world's largest laser system... 192 huge laser beams in a massive building, all focused down at the last moment at a 2 millimeter ball containing frozen hydrogen gas. The goal is to achieve fusion... getting more energy out than was used to create it. It's never been done before under controlled conditions, just in nuclear weapons and in stars. We expect to do it within the next 2-3 years. The purpose is threefold: to create an almost limitless supply of safe, carbon-free, proliferation-free electricity; examine new regimes of astrophysics as well as basic science; and study the inner-workings of the U.S. stockpile of nuclear weapons to ensure they remain safe, secure and reliable without the need for underground testing. More information about NIF can be found at:

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Passivation layer breakdown during laser-fired contact formation for photovoltaic devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low resistance laser-fired ohmic contacts (LFCs) can be formed on the backside of Si-based solar cells using microsecond pulses. However, the impact of these longer pulse durations on the dielectric passivation layer is not clear. Retention of the passivation layer during processing is critical to ensure low recombination rates of electron-hole pairs at the rear surface of the device. In this work, advanced characterization tools are used to demonstrate that although the SiO{sub 2} passivation layer melts directly below the laser, it is well preserved outside the immediate LFC region over a wide range of processing parameters. As a result, low recombination rates at the passivation layer/wafer interface can be expected despite higher energy densities associated with these pulse durations.

Raghavan, A.; DebRoy, T. [The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801 (United States); Palmer, T. A. [Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801 (United States)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

196

Effects of Combustion-Induced Vortex Breakdown on Flashback Limits of Syngas-Fueled Gas Turbine Combustors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbine combustors of advanced power systems have goals to achieve very low pollutants emissions, fuel variability, and fuel flexibility. Future generation gas turbine combustors should tolerate fuel compositions ranging from natural gas to a broad range of syngas without sacrificing operational advantages and low emission characteristics. Additionally, current designs of advanced turbine combustors use various degrees of swirl and lean premixing for stabilizing flames and controlling high temperature NOx formation zones. However, issues of fuel variability and NOx control through premixing also bring a number of concerns, especially combustor flashback and flame blowout. Flashback is a combustion condition at which the flame propagates upstream against the gas stream into the burner tube. Flashback is a critical issue for premixed combustor designs, because it not only causes serious hardware damages but also increases pollutant emissions. In swirl stabilized lean premixed turbine combustors onset of flashback may occur due to (i) boundary layer flame propagation (critical velocity gradient), (ii) turbulent flame propagation in core flow, (iii) combustion instabilities, and (iv) upstream flame propagation induced by combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB). Flashback due to first two foregoing mechanisms is a topic of classical interest and has been studied extensively. Generally, analytical theories and experimental determinations of laminar and turbulent burning velocities model these mechanisms with sufficient precision for design usages. However, the swirling flow complicates the flashback processes in premixed combustions and the first two mechanisms inadequately describe the flashback propensity of most practical combustor designs. The presence of hydrogen in syngas significantly increases the potential for flashback. Due to high laminar burning velocity and low lean flammability limit, hydrogen tends to shift the combustor operating conditions towards flashback regime. Even a small amount of hydrogen in a fuel blend triggers the onset of flashback by altering the kinetics and thermophysical characteristics of the mixture. Additionally, the presence of hydrogen in the fuel mixture modifies the response of the flame to the global effects of stretch and preferential diffusion. Despite its immense importance in fuel flexible combustor design, little is known about the magnitude of fuel effects on CIVB induced flashback mechanism. Hence, this project investigates the effects of syngas compositions on flashback resulting from combustion induced vortex breakdown. The project uses controlled experiments and parametric modeling to understand the velocity field and flame interaction leading to CIVB driven flashback.

Ahsan Choudhuri

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Aerial Work Platform Safety Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aerial Work Platform Safety Program Updated: July 22, 2013 #12;Aerial Work Platform Safety Program ..........................................................................................................11 #12;Aerial Work Platform Safety Program 1 The official version of this information will only for establishing and maintaining the Aerial Work Platform Safety Program. Appropriate safety equipment (e

Holland, Jeffrey

198

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation provides an overview of the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

199

Video Shoot Scope of Work  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Video Shoot Scope of Work, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

200

Work Experience Guidance for Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Experience Guidance for Managers When approached with a request for work experience, managers. Any queries regarding CRB checks should be directed to your designated HR Manager. When a work any work, paid or unpaid: Before 7am or after 7pm For more than two hours on a school day or Sunday

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Will NIF Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is vital that new clean and abundant sources of energy be developed for the sustainability of modern society. Nuclear fusion of the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium, if successful, might make a major contribution toward satisfying this need. The U.S. has an important effort aimed at achieving practical inertial confinement fusion, ICF, which has been under development for decades at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a giant laser to multiply-shock and thus quasi-isentropically compress a capsule of deuterium-tritium (DT) to high density and temperature, where the fusion rate is proportional to density squared times temperature to the fourth power. The principal problem that must be solved for NIF to work successfully is elimination of the Rayleigh-Tailor (R-T) instability that originates from the interface between the solid shell and the DT fuel within it. The R-T instability poisons the fusion reaction by reducing the temperature of the DT achieved ...

Nellis, W J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Investigation of Catalytic Pathways and Separations fro Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the energy and material consumption for three different lignin conversion pathways has been carried out in order to assess their relative promise. Recommendations to allow for improved performance based on the current state of the art have been made, with particular focus on the use of heterogeneous nanocatalysts. Lignin is currently burned for heat and power in industrial processes, but its aromaticity and high energy content make it a good source for fuels and chemical feedstocks. The conversion of lignin to value added products has been the subject of a number of excellent reviews, and it is upon this literature as well as recent publications that the processes were selected. The analysis includes consideration of the thermodynamics of conversion, the technical feasibility of each process, and the energy and material balance. For each of the processes, improvements to future research activities have been suggested to move the processes from the bench-scale to large-scale demonstrations. This analysis is not meant to be comprehensive, in terms of process, feedstock, or selected criteria. However, this work illustrates a path forward following pre-established goals of thermodynamic efficiency, selectivity, and feasibility.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Optical breakdown threshold in nanosecond high repetition second harmonic generation by periodically poled Mg-doped LiTaO{sub 3} crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our study shows that a local temperature increase of ?1 K in the crystal lattice caused by second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon absorption of 532 nm radiation at the rear of periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO{sub 3} crystal by changing spontaneous polarization induces a pyroelectric field ?10 kV/cm, accelerating free electrons to an energy of ?10 eV, followed by optical breakdown and crystal damage. Theoretical analysis leads to an explicit expression for the threshold laser fluence of optical breakdown giving ?1.2 J/cm{sup 2} for 1064 nm input radiation in 6.8 kHz pulsed SHG operation, agreeing well with the experimentally found value ?1.32 J/cm{sup 2}.

Louchev, Oleg A.; Wada, Satoshi [Center for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] [Center for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Hatano, Hideki; Kitamura, Kenji [Division of Environment and Energy Materials, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)] [Division of Environment and Energy Materials, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

204

,* Copper transport and accumulation in spruce stems (picea abies(L.) Karsten) revelaed by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in double pulse configuration (DP LIBS) was used for scanning elemental spatial distribution in annual terminal stems of spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karsten). Cross sections of stems cultivated in Cu2+ solution of different concentrations were prepared and analyzed by DP LIBS. Raster scanning with 150 m spatial resolution was set and 2D (2-dimentional) maps of Cu and Ca distribution were created on the basis of the data obtained. Stem parts originating in the vicinity of the implementation of the cross sections were mineralized and subsequently Cu and Ca contents were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The results provide quantitative information about overall concentration of the elements in places, where LIBS measurements were performed. The fluorescence pictures were created to compare LIBS distribution maps and the fluorescence intensity (or the increase in autofluorescence) was used for the comparison of ICP-MS quantitative results. Results from these three methods can be utilized for quantitative measurements of copper ions transport in different plant compartments in dependence on the concentration of cultivation medium and/or the time of cultivation.

Krajcarova, Dr. Lucie [Czech Technical University; Novotny, Dr. Karel [Mendel University of Brno; Babula, Dr. Petr [Czech Technical University; Pravaznik, Dr Ivo [Czech Technical University; Kucerova, Dr. Petra [Czech Technical University; Vojtech, Dr. Adam [Czech Technical University; Martin, Madhavi Z [ORNL; Kizek, Dr. Rene [Czech Technical University; Kaiser, Jozef [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan Appendix 1 - WBS Dictionary 25 Appendix 1 - NSTX Upgrade Project Work Breakdown Structure This Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) organizes and defines the scope of the NSTX Upgrade using the WBS as established by the original NSTX project and modified

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

206

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Final Report: Investigation of Catalytic Pathways for Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a biopolymer that comprises up to 35% of woody biomass by dry weight. It is currently underutilized compared to cellulose and hemicellulose, the other two primary components of woody biomass. Lignin has an irregular structure of methoxylated aromatic groups linked by a suite of ether and alkyl bonds which makes it difficult to degrade selectively. However, the aromatic components of lignin also make it promising as a base material for the production of aromatic fuel additives and cyclic chemical feed stocks such as styrene, benzene, and cyclohexanol. Our laboratory research focused on three methods to selectively cleave and deoxygenate purified lignin under mild conditions: acidolysis, hydrogenation and electrocatalysis. (1) Acidolysis was undertaken in CH2Cl2 at room temperature. (2) Hydrogenation was carried out by dissolving lignin and a rhodium catalyst in 1:1 water:methoxyethanol under a 1 atm H2 environment. (3) Electrocatalysis of lignin involved reacting electrically generated hydrogen atoms at a catalytic palladium cathode with lignin dissolved in a solution of aqueous methanol. In all of the experiments, the lignin degradation products were identified and quantified by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy and flame ionization detection. Yields were low, but this may have reflected the difficulty in recovering the various fractions after conversion. The homogeneous hydrogenation of lignin showed fragmentation into monomers, while the electrocatalytic hydrogenation showed production of polyaromatic hydrocarbons and substituted benzenes. In addition to the experiments, promising pathways for the conversion of lignin were assessed. Three conversion methods were compared based on their material and energy inputs and proposed improvements using better catalyst and process technology. A variety of areas were noted as needing further experimental and theoretical effort to increase the feasibility of lignin conversion to fuels.

Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Flexible Work Arrangements Manager Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexible Work Arrangements Manager Guidelines The Ohio State University Office of Human Resources Page 1 of 2 Flexible Work Arrangement ­ Manager Assessment Issued 07/15/10 When you receive a proposal your manager to review for a decision. Remember that granting a flexible work arrangement may help

Jones, Michelle

209

Water Resources Working Group Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources Working Group Report This report provided content for the Wisconsin Initiative in February 2011. #12;Water Resources Working Group Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts October 2010 #12;Water Resources Working Group Members ­ WICCI Tim Asplund (Co-Chair) - Wisconsin Department

Sheridan, Jennifer

210

Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 is the 21st anniversary of the annual opportunity to immerse your children and relatives in the daily work of the Energy Department. On Thursday, April 24, bring your daughters and sons to the office with you for a day of shadowing your work, showing off your office, testing out the cafeteria, and meeting your coworkers. Check with your office for structured activities.

211

Making IT work in Practice Integrating the EPR-based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Making IT work in Practice Integrating the EPR-based nursing record with nursing work 2 Outline. Ambitions: Integrated care, Shared care, Continuity of care Electronic Patient Record (EPR) Main of nursing care through the (EPR-based) nursing record So far - nurses compliance to a more structured record

212

Owner/contractor work structure process with integrated alignment framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital program expenditures , and to improve operational efficiency. For their capital projects, owners want the highest quality project, as fast as possible, at the lowest possible cost, with no harm to workers or the environment. To accomplish this...

Sullivan, George Ray

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Attachment working models and false recall: a category structure approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their social identity (Mikulincer & Florian, 1998; Mikulincer, Florian, & Tolmacz, 1990). Thus the concerns of relational loss and separation from partners, lack of support, potential rejection, death, lack of intimacy, and the negative emotional... immortality and subsequently a lower fear of death relative to insecure attachment (Mikulincer & Florian, 1998; Mikulincer et al., 1990). Because the experience of relational rejection or abandonment (and associated affective responses), and the fear...

Wilson, Carol Leigh

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

214

Proposed "One EERE" Work Plan Structure  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment of Energy 0 DOE Vehicle

215

Project Work | Tobias Berger | July 2006Page 1 Project Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................................ 6 1.1.3 Working on the Brand Image ................................................................................................... 6 1.1 Brand Communication in International Collaboration at the Vattenfall Group

216

Work For Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others (WFO) is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1A.

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Women's Studies can lead to careers in child and youth protection services, women's shelters, sexualSocial Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities a positive difference in the lives of others. In your fourth year, you will apply what you have learned

218

Work For Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others (WFO) is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. WFO has the following objectives. Cancels DOE O 481.1.

2001-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Coping with Hot Work Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposed to these conditions. A hot work environment can impair safety and health. Both workers and their employers are responsi- ble for taking steps to prevent heat stress in the work- place. How Your Body Handles Heat Humans are warm-blooded, which... evaporation. Wiping sweat from the skin with a cloth also prevents cooling from evaporation. In hot, humid conditions, hard work becomes harder. The sweat glands release moisture and essential David W. Smith, Extension Safety Program The Texas A...

Smith, David

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

220

Transportation External Coordination Working Group:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

External Coordination Working Group: Background and Process Judith Holm National Transportation Program Albuquerque, New Mexico April 21, 2004 TEC History * DOE's Office of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

INL @ work: Nuclear Reactor Operator  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL @ work features jobs at the Idaho National Laboratory. Learn more about careers and energy research at INL's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

Russell, Patty

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

222

Radiation Safety Work Control Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Safety Work Control Form (see instructions on pg-3) Rev. May 2014 Area: Form : Date: Preliminary Applicability Screen: (a) Will closing the beam line injection stoppers...

223

Interagency Sustainability Working Group Members  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Chaired by the Federal Energy Management Program, the Interagency Sustainability Working Group is composed of representatives from every major Federal agency.

224

INL @ work: Nuclear Reactor Operator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INL @ work features jobs at the Idaho National Laboratory. Learn more about careers and energy research at INL's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

Russell, Patty

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Infrared Thermography (IRT) Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Infrared Thermography (IRT) Working Group Sco McWilliams U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consor;um (PVMC) Infrared Thermography Infrared Thermography (IRT) has been demonstrated...

226

Construction Work in Progress (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Act allows nuclear power plants to qualify for recovery of Construction Work in Progress (CWIP) and other preconstruction expenditures in rates. Previously, nuclear power plants were excluded...

227

work  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to 9,500 after the first quarter of this year through a reduction in the support service contract. Fund management followed administrative controls that met the expectations...

228

Biofuel breakdown | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I.ProgramBig SolBiofilm assembly Biofilm

229

Rice University HOT WORK PERMIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been taken to prevent fire, and permission is authorized for this work. SIGNED (Project Manager of automatic fire detection systems Requirements within 35 ft. (11m.) of work Flammable liquids, dust, lint and oily deposits removed. Explosive atmosphere in area eliminated. Floors swept clean. Combustible

Natelson, Douglas

230

Radiological Work Planning and Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Each facility is tasked with maintaining personnel radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). A continued effort is required to meet this goal by developing and implementing improvements to technical work documents (TWDs) and work performance. A review of selected TWDs from most facilities shows there is a need to incorporate more radiological control requirements into the TWD. The Radioactive Work Permit (RWP) provides a mechanism to place some of the requirements but does not provide all the information needed by the worker as he/she is accomplishing the steps of the TWD. Requiring the engineers, planners and procedure writers to put the radiological control requirements in the work steps would be very easy if all personnel had a strong background in radiological work planning and radiological controls. Unfortunately, many of these personnel do not have the background necessary to include these requirements without assistance by the Radiological Control organization at each facility. In add...

Kurtz, J E

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Work for Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1B. Certified 1-13-11. Admin Chg 1, dated 3-14-11, cancels DOE O 481.1C.

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

Work for Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1B. Certified 1-13-11. Admin Chg 1, dated 3-14-11.

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

233

FY 1994 Annual Work Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In accordance with the Inspector General`s Strategic Planning Policy directive, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) annually updates its Strategic Plan with budgetary and program guidance for the next fiscal year. The program guidance identifies and establishes priorities for OIG coverage of important DOE issues and operations, provides the basis for assigning OIG resources, and is the source for issues covered in Assistant Inspectors General annual work plans. The Office of the Assistant Inspector General for Audits (AIGA) publishes an Annual Work Plan in September of each year. The plan includes the OIG program guidance and shows the commitment of resources necessary to accomplish the assigned work and meet our goals. The program guidance provides the framework within which the AIGA work will be planned and accomplished. Audits included in this plan are designed to help insure that the requirements of our stakeholders have been considered and blended into a well balanced audit program.

Not Available

1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Recovery Act Funds at Work  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) are being put to work to improve safety, reliability, and service in systems across the country. Here are case studies from a variety of Recovery Act programs.

235

Utility Security & Resiliency: Working Together  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meetingdiscusses Edison Electric Institute (EEI), including its key security objectives, key activities, cybersecurity activities, and spare transformer equipment program (STEP).

236

Categorical Exclusion for Maintenance Work  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maintenance Work along the Electrical District 5 to Saguaro segment (414 to 585) of the Maricopa-Saguaro 115-kV Transmission Line, between Friendly Comers and Marana, Pinal...

237

Appendix A - Statement of Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ATTACHMENT 1 to NREL RFP No. RXL-4-42172 APPENDIX A STATEMENT OF WORK "U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2015 Construction Cost Estimates" 071614 1.0 BACKGROUND The U.S....

238

CSREES Nutrient Management Working Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planning process Nutrient management training P-Indexes and tools developed Educational materials #12Welcome CSREES Nutrient Management Working Meeting May 4 and 5, 2004 Atlanta, GA #12;University Objectives Information Sharing Among States Nutrient management regulations Nutrient management

239

Study of the dielectric breakdown properties of hot SF{sub 6}CF{sub 4} mixtures at 0.011.6 MPa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dielectric breakdown properties of SF{sub 6}CF{sub 4} mixtures were investigated at different ratios of SF{sub 6}, 0.011.6 MPa, and gas temperatures up to 3000 K. Initially, the equilibrium compositions of SF{sub 6}CF{sub 4} mixtures were calculated by minimizing the Gibbs free energy under the assumptions of local thermodynamic and chemical equilibrium. Then the electron energy distribution function was obtained based on those data by solving the Boltzmann equation under the zero-dimensional two-term spherical harmonic approximation. Finally, the critical reduced electric field strength (E/N){sub cr} of SF{sub 6}CF{sub 4} mixtures, which is defined as the value for which total ionization reaction is equal to total attachment reaction, were determined and analyzed. The results confirm the superior breakdown properties of pure SF{sub 6} at relatively low gas temperatures. However, for higher gas temperatures (i.e., T > 2200 K at 0.4 MPa), the (E/N){sub cr} in SF{sub 6}CF{sub 4} mixtures are obviously higher than that in pure SF{sub 6} and the values of (E/N){sub cr} increase with the reduction of the ratio of SF{sub 6}.

Li, Xingwen; Zhao, Hu; Jia, Shenli [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xian Jiaotong University, No. 28 XianNing West Road, Xian, Shaanxi Province 710049 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xian Jiaotong University, No. 28 XianNing West Road, Xian, Shaanxi Province 710049 (China); Murphy, Anthony B. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, PO Box 218, Lindfield, NSW 2070 (Australia)] [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, PO Box 218, Lindfield, NSW 2070 (Australia)

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Decent Work: The Case of the Philippine Sugar Mill Workers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The impact of trade liberalisation on the structure and nature of work is a divisive topic. On the one hand, there are those who support (more)

Jadoc, Johana Sellado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Relationship between the structure and electrical characteristics of diamond-like carbon films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To elucidate the relationship between the structure and the electrical characteristics of diamond-like carbon (DLC) films, DLC films were synthesized in a well-controlled glow discharge with the aid of photoelectrons in an argon/methane atmosphere. The dielectric constant and breakdown strength of the films exhibited opposite behaviors, depending on the total pressure during the synthesis. The product of these two values decreased monotonically as the pressure increased. The Raman spectra were analyzed with a Voigt-type formula. Based on the results, the authors propose the sp{sup 2} cluster model for the DLC structure. This model consists of conductive clusters of sp{sup 2} carbons surrounded by a dielectric matrix sea of sp{sup 2} carbon, sp{sup 3} carbon, and hydrogen, and indicates that the dielectric constant of the whole DLC film is determined by the balance between the dielectric constant of the matrix and the total size of the clusters, while the breakdown strength is determined by the reciprocal of the cluster size. The model suggests that a high-? DLC film can be synthesized at a middle pressure and consists of well-grown sp{sup 2} clusters and a dense matrix. A low-? DLC film can be synthesized both at low and high pressures. The sp{sup 2} cluster model explains that a low-? DLC film synthesized at low pressure consists of a dense matrix and a low density of sp{sup 2} clusters, and exhibits a high breakdown strength. On the other hand, a low-? film synthesized at high pressure consists of a coarse matrix and a high density of clusters and exhibits a low breakdown strength.

Takabayashi, Susumu, E-mail: stak@riec.tohoku.ac.jp; Otsuji, Taiichi [Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yang, Meng; Ogawa, Shuichi; Hayashi, Hiroyuki; Jeko, Radek; Takakuwa, Yuji [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Working With Stakeholders to Move  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be involved People making decisions Local elected officials Regulators People affected by decisions Community? Are they expected to develop any products? #12;#12;3. Define Organizational Structure Formal vs. informal Roles

243

Radiological Work Planning and Procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each facility is tasked with maintaining personnel radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). A continued effort is required to meet this goal by developing and implementing improvements to technical work documents (TWDs) and work performance. A review of selected TWDs from most facilities shows there is a need to incorporate more radiological control requirements into the TWD. The Radioactive Work Permit (RWP) provides a mechanism to place some of the requirements but does not provide all the information needed by the worker as he/she is accomplishing the steps of the TWD. Requiring the engineers, planners and procedure writers to put the radiological control requirements in the work steps would be very easy if all personnel had a strong background in radiological work planning and radiological controls. Unfortunately, many of these personnel do not have the background necessary to include these requirements without assistance by the Radiological Control organization at each facility. In addition, there seems to be confusion as to what should be and what should not be included in the TWD.

KURTZ, J.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

CFCC working group meeting: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of the vugraphs presented at this meeting. Presentations covered are: CFCC Working Group; Overview of study on applications for advanced ceramics in industries for the future; Design codes and data bases: The CFCC program and its involvement in ASTM, ISO, ASME, and military handbook 17 activities; CFCC Working Group meeting (McDermott Technology); CFCC Working Group meeting (Textron); CFCC program for DMO materials; Developments in PIP-derived CFCCs; Toughened Silcomp (SiC-Si) composites for gas turbine engine applications; CFCC program for CVI materials; Self-lubricating CFCCs for diesel engine applications; Overview of the CFCC program`s supporting technologies task; Life prediction methodologies for CFCC components; Environmental testing of CFCCs in combustion gas environments; High-temperature particle filtration ORNL/DCC CRADA; HSCT CMC combustor; and Case study -- CFCC shroud for industrial gas turbines.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

DIVISION 05 METALS 05120 STRUCTURAL STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEEL A. Design Considerations 1. Testing and inspection will be required for structural steel work testing and inspection of structural steel work will be contracted for and paid for by the University, regardless of building class. The A/E must specify all testing and inspection of structural steel

246

Trench process and structure for backside contact solar cells with polysilicon doped regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell includes polysilicon P-type and N-type doped regions on a backside of a substrate, such as a silicon wafer. An interrupted trench structure separates the P-type doped region from the N-type doped region in some locations but allows the P-type doped region and the N-type doped region to touch in other locations. Each of the P-type and N-type doped regions may be formed over a thin dielectric layer. Among other advantages, the resulting solar cell structure allows for increased efficiency while having a relatively low reverse breakdown voltage.

De Ceuster, Denis (Woodside, CA); Cousins, Peter John (Menlo Park, CA); Smith, David D. (Campbell, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

247

Trench process and structure for backside contact solar cells with polysilicon doped regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell includes polysilicon P-type and N-type doped regions on a backside of a substrate, such as a silicon wafer. An interrupted trench structure separates the P-type doped region from the N-type doped region in some locations but allows the P-type doped region and the N-type doped region to touch in other locations. Each of the P-type and N-type doped regions may be formed over a thin dielectric layer. Among other advantages, the resulting solar cell structure allows for increased efficiency while having a relatively low reverse breakdown voltage.

De Ceuster, Denis; Cousins, Peter John; Smith, David D

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

248

Trench process and structure for backside contact solar cells with polysilicon doped regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell includes polysilicon P-type and N-type doped regions on a backside of a substrate, such as a silicon wafer. An interrupted trench structure separates the P-type doped region from the N-type doped region in some locations but allows the P-type doped region and the N-type doped region to touch in other locations. Each of the P-type and N-type doped regions may be formed over a thin dielectric layer. Among other advantages, the resulting solar cell structure allows for increased efficiency while having a relatively low reverse breakdown voltage.

De Ceuster, Denis; Cousins, Peter John; Smith, David D

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Arbeidslivets lover Act relating to working environment,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arbeidslivets lover Act relating to working environment, working hours and employment protection, etc. (Working Environment Act). as subsequently amended, last by the Act of 14. December 2012 No. 80.notification................................................................... 6 Chapter 3. Working environment measures..................................... 6 Section.3

Johansen, Tom Henning

250

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) establishes partnerships and facilitates communications among Federal agencies, utilities, and energy service companies. The group develops strategies to implement cost-effective energy efficiency and water conservation projects through utility incentive programs at Federal sites.

251

working with industry Engineering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of interests including: · laser physics · semiconductor optoelectronics · photonics in manufacturing · solar · micromechanics and condition monitoring · renewable energy modelling · carbon capture and storage Our institute to applied systems. We have a wide ranging programme of current work with many industrial companies in key

Painter, Kevin

252

Elemental content of enamel and dentin after bleaching of teeth (a comparative study between laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elemental content of the superficial and inner enamel as well as that of dentin was analyzed using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) of bleached and unbleached tooth specimens. It is thus clear from the spectral analysis using both the LIBS and XPS technique that elemental changes (though insignificant within the scopes of this study) of variable intensities do occur on the surface of the enamel and extend deeper to reach dentin. The results of the LIBS revealed a slight reduction in the calcium levels in the bleached compared to the control specimens in all the different bleaching groups and in both enamel and dentin. The good correlation found between the LIBS and XPS results demonstrates the possibility of LIBS technique for detection of minor loss in calcium and phosphorus in enamel and dentin.

Imam, H. [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, NILES, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt)] [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, NILES, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt); Ahmed, Doaa [Department of Restorative Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria (Egypt)] [Department of Restorative Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria (Egypt); Eldakrouri, Ashraf [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, NILES, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt) [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, NILES, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt); Department of Optometry and Vision Science, College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Excitation in low-current discharges and breakdown in He at low pressures and very high electric field to gas density ratios E/N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate optical emission from low-current discharges in He at very high electric field to gas density ratios E/N between parallel plate electrodes. We also determine the electrical breakdown and the voltage-current behavior at low currents. The E/N are 300 Td to 9 kTd (1 Td=10{sup -21} V m{sup 2}) at pressures times electrode separations p{sub 0}d from 3 to 0.9 Torr cm. Absolute optical emission probabilities versus distance are determined for the 501.6 nm line (3 {sup 1}P{yields}2 {sup 1}S) and for the 587.6 nm line (3 {sup 3}D{yields}2 {sup 3}P) by reference to Boltzmann calculations at our lowest E/N and to published pressure dependent electron beam experiments. At E/N below 1 kTd, the emission follows the exponential growth of the electron density, while at above 7 kTd heavy particle excitation is evident near the cathode. Collisional transfer of excitation from the singlet to the triplet system dominates the 587.6 nm excitation. Comparisons of models with experiments show the importance of excitation and of electron production at the cathode by fast He atoms produced by charge transfer collisions of He{sup +} with He. The breakdown voltage versus p{sub 0}d is multivalued for p{sub 0}d{approx}1.5 Torr cm. At currents below 100 {mu}A and our lower E/N, the discharge voltage decreases linearly with current as expected for an increasing electron yield with ion energy and E/N at the cathode.

Jelenkovic, B.M.; Phelps, A.V. [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States); Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 75, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

PUREX facility preclosure work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This preclosure work plan presents a description of the PUREX Facility, the history of the waste managed, and addresses transition phase activities that position the PUREX Facility into a safe and environmentally secure configuration. For purposes of this documentation, the PUREX Facility does not include the PUREX Storage Tunnels (DOE/RL-90/24). Information concerning solid waste management units is discussed in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, General Information Portion (DOE/RL-91-28, Appendix 2D).

Engelmann, R.H.

1997-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

255

July 2012, Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7January 2015JimJulie Crenshaw Van10TrainingWork

256

Work Force Retention Work Group Charter | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of EnergyofProject isNovember 07, 2007WhatJennifer B.RobinTerriYahelWork Force

257

Dielectric breakdown properties of hot SF{sub 6}-CO{sub 2} mixtures at temperatures of 3003500?K and pressures of 0.011.0?MPa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, much attention has been paid to SF{sub 6}-CO{sub 2} mixtures as one of substitutes for pure SF{sub 6} gas. In this paper, the dielectric breakdown properties of hot SF{sub 6}-CO{sub 2} mixtures are investigated at temperatures of 3003500?K and pressures of 0.011.0?MPa. Under the assumptions of local thermodynamic equilibrium and local chemical equilibrium, the equilibrium compositions of hot SF{sub 6}-CO{sub 2} mixtures with different CO{sub 2} proportions are obtained based on Gibbs free energy minimization. The cross sections for interactions between electrons and neutral species are presented. Some unknown ionization cross sections are determined theoretically using DeutschMrk (DM) formalism based on quantum chemistry. Two-term Boltzmann equation is adopted to calculate the electron energy distribution function, reduced ionization coefficient, reduced attachment coefficient, and reduced effective ionization coefficient. Then the reduced critical electric field strength of mixtures, corresponding to dielectric breakdown performances, is determined when the generation and loss of electrons are balanced. Finally, the influences of temperature, pressure, and CO{sub 2} proportion on the reduced critical electric field strength are studied. It is found that a large percentage of CO{sub 2} can obviously reduce concentrations of high-energy electrons. At temperatures above 1750?K, an addition of CO{sub 2} to SF{sub 6} gas can enhance dielectric breakdown performances. However, at low temperatures, too much CO{sub 2} added into mixtures can reduce dielectric breakdown abilities. In addition, increasing gas pressure can improve dielectric breakdown performances. But the influence will be no more significant if pressure is over 0.8?MPa.

Zhong, Linlin; Yang, Aijun; Wang, Xiaohua, E-mail: xhw@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Liu, Dingxin; Wu, Yi; Rong, Mingzhe, E-mail: mzrong@mail.xjtu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Postdoctoral Working Report Researches on Higgs and FCNC Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this report, instead to give comprehensive review on two important research fields during my first term postdoctoral working period: Higgs and FCNC physics, I will collect part of my recently works on it. Charged Higgs is the distinguished signature of new physics, in this report, I review my two works on charged Higgs associated production with top quark and $W$ boson at hardron colliders. Our researches show that these two charged Higgs production mechanisms are important channel not only in finding charged Higgs, but also in studying the quantum structure of new physics. Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes are forbidden at tree level in the Standard Model (SM), so they act as the ground to test quantum structure of the SM and also very important channel in finding new physics beyond the SM. In this report, I focus on the studies on FCNC processes on linear colliders and in B-factories.

Zhu, S H

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Postdoctoral Working Report: Researches on Higgs and FCNC Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this report, instead to give comprehensive review on two important research fields during my first term postdoctoral working period: Higgs and FCNC physics, I will collect part of my recently works on it. Charged Higgs is the distinguished signature of new physics, in this report, I review my two works on charged Higgs associated production with top quark and $W$ boson at hardron colliders. Our researches show that these two charged Higgs production mechanisms are important channel not only in finding charged Higgs, but also in studying the quantum structure of new physics. Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes are forbidden at tree level in the Standard Model (SM), so they act as the ground to test quantum structure of the SM and also very important channel in finding new physics beyond the SM. In this report, I focus on the studies on FCNC processes on linear colliders and in B-factories.

Shou Hua Zhu

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Work for Others Agreement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 andThe MolecularPlaceThe publication of theWork for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Working with SRNL - Technology Partnerships  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL main campus Working with SRNL Our0/2015

262

Working with SRNL - Technology Partnerships  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL main campus Working with SRNL

263

Working with SRNL - Technology Transfer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL main campus Working with SRNL05/07/2014

264

Fermilab at Work | Fermilab Now  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab Now Accelerator

265

Fermilab at Work | Job Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab Now

266

Fermilab at Work | Lab Life  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab NowLab Life Abri

267

Fermilab at Work | Physics Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab NowLab Life AIP

268

Fermilab | Fermilab at Work | Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home It isGasERPSpunphoto Fermilab at Work Main

269

Toolbox Safety Talk Articulating Boom Work Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toolbox Safety Talk Articulating Boom Work Platforms Environmental Health & Safety Facilities sign-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Articulating boom work platforms Articulating Boom Work Platforms Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section 395 Pine Tree

Pawlowski, Wojtek

270

How Fuel Cells Work | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fuel Cells Work How Energy Works 30 likes How Fuel Cells Work Fuel cells produce electrical power without any combustion and operate on fuels like hydrogen, natural gas and...

271

Exascale Hardware Architectures Working Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ASC Exascale Hardware Architecture working group is challenged to provide input on the following areas impacting the future use and usability of potential exascale computer systems: processor, memory, and interconnect architectures, as well as the power and resilience of these systems. Going forward, there are many challenging issues that will need to be addressed. First, power constraints in processor technologies will lead to steady increases in parallelism within a socket. Additionally, all cores may not be fully independent nor fully general purpose. Second, there is a clear trend toward less balanced machines, in terms of compute capability compared to memory and interconnect performance. In order to mitigate the memory issues, memory technologies will introduce 3D stacking, eventually moving on-socket and likely on-die, providing greatly increased bandwidth but unfortunately also likely providing smaller memory capacity per core. Off-socket memory, possibly in the form of non-volatile memory, will create a complex memory hierarchy. Third, communication energy will dominate the energy required to compute, such that interconnect power and bandwidth will have a significant impact. All of the above changes are driven by the need for greatly increased energy efficiency, as current technology will prove unsuitable for exascale, due to unsustainable power requirements of such a system. These changes will have the most significant impact on programming models and algorithms, but they will be felt across all layers of the machine. There is clear need to engage all ASC working groups in planning for how to deal with technological changes of this magnitude. The primary function of the Hardware Architecture Working Group is to facilitate codesign with hardware vendors to ensure future exascale platforms are capable of efficiently supporting the ASC applications, which in turn need to meet the mission needs of the NNSA Stockpile Stewardship Program. This issue is relatively immediate, as there is only a small window of opportunity to influence hardware design for 2018 machines. Given the short timeline a firm co-design methodology with vendors is of prime importance.

Hemmert, S; Ang, J; Chiang, P; Carnes, B; Doerfler, D; Leininger, M; Dosanjh, S; Fields, P; Koch, K; Laros, J; Noe, J; Quinn, T; Torrellas, J; Vetter, J; Wampler, C; White, A

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C.Greentnv~ronmenrar ivronrrorrng L V ~ / O UiWORK

273

Transportation Protocols Working Group First Conference Call...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Call March 1, 1999 Conference Call Summary The first conference call of the Transportation External Coordination Working Group (TECWG) DOE Transportation Protocols Working...

274

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) utility partners are eager to work closely with Federal agencies to help achieve energy management goals.

275

Covariance evaluation work at LANL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos evaluates covariances for nuclear data library, mainly for actinides above the resonance regions and light elements in the enUre energy range. We also develop techniques to evaluate the covariance data, like Bayesian and least-squares fitting methods, which are important to explore the uncertainty information on different types of physical quantities such as elastic scattering angular distribution, or prompt neutron fission spectra. This paper summarizes our current activities of the covariance evaluation work at LANL, including the actinide and light element data mainly for the criticality safety study and transmutation technology. The Bayesian method based on the Kalman filter technique, which combines uncertainties in the theoretical model and experimental data, is discussed.

Kawano, Toshihiko [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Talou, Patrick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Young, Phillip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hale, Gerald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chadwick, M B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Little, R C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

FY 1996 annual work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In April 1994, the Department of Energy (DOE) Strategic Plan was issued. This Plan presents the Department`s strategic outlook in response to a changing world. It discusses the Department`s unique capabilities; its mission, vision, and core values; and key customer and stakeholder considerations. The DOE Strategic Plan lists business strategies and critical success factors which are intended to aid the Department in accomplishing its mission and reaching its vision of itself in the future. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) has an important role in carrying out the goals and objectives of the Secretary`s Strategic Plan. The ultimate goal of the OIG is to facilitate positive change by assisting its customers, responsible Government officials, in taking actions to improve programs and operations. The Inspector General annually issues his own Strategic Plan that contains program guidance for the next fiscal year. As part of its responsibility in carrying out the OIG mission, the Office of the Deputy Inspector General for Audit Services (Office of Audit Services) publishes an Annual Work Plan that sets forth audits that are planned for the next fiscal year. Selection of these audits is based on the overall budget of the Department, analyses of trends in Departmental operations, guidance contained in the agency`s strategic plans, statutory requirements, and the expressed needs and audit suggestions of Departmental program managers and OIG managers and staff. This work plan includes audits that are carried over from FY 1995 and audits scheduled to start during FY 1996. Audits included in the plan will be performed by OIG staff.

NONE

1995-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

277

Resilience of gas-phase anharmonicity in the vibrational response of adsorbed carbon monoxide and breakdown under electrical conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In surface catalysis, the adsorption of carbon monoxide on transition-metal electrodes represents the prototype of strong chemisorption. Notwithstanding significant changes in the molecular orbitals of adsorbed CO, spectroscopic experiments highlight a close correlation between the adsorbate stretching frequency and equilibrium bond length for a wide range of adsorption geometries and substrate compositions. In this work, we study the origins of this correlation, commonly known as Badger's rule, by deconvoluting and examining contributions from the adsorption environment to the intramolecular potential using first-principles calculations. Noting that intramolecular anharmonicity is preserved upon CO chemisorption, we show that Badger's rule for adsorbed CO can be expressed solely in terms of the tabulated Herzberg spectroscopic constants of isolated CO. Moreover, although it had been previously established using finite-cluster models that Badger's rule is not affected by electrical conditions, we find here th...

Dabo, Ismaila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. "Hot Work" is defined as any temporary WORK Obtain a hot work permit from your supervisor or safety rep. Ensure fire/smoke detection

Pawlowski, Wojtek

279

ASBESTOS GUIDANCE FOR CONTRACTORS WORKING ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are broadly defined as anyone carrying out work or managing work on behalf of the University and could range Executive (HSE) are allowed to work on ACMs on University premises. 3. ASBESTOS REGULATIONS 3.1 Work, equipment, fume cupboards etc) are properly managed so that any person, who may be affected, is not exposed

Guo, Zaoyang

280

Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities: Ensuring Resources to Meet Projected Utilities Need to Do More to Prepare for Their Future Work Force Needs.............................................................................20 #12;ii Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities #12;1 Work Force Planning for Public Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Current work in energy analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed at Berkeley Lab most recently. One of the Labs accomplishments is the publication of Scenarios of US Carbon Reductions, an analysis of the potential of energy technologies to reduce carbon emissions in the US. This analysis is described and played a key role in shaping the US position on climate change in the Kyoto Protocol negotiations. The Labs participation in the fundamental characterization of the climate change issue by the IPCC is described. Described also is a study of leaking electricity, which is stimulating an international campaign for a one-watt ceiling for standby electricity losses from appliances. This ceiling has the potential to save two-thirds of the 5% of US residential electricity currently expended on standby losses. The 54 vignettes contained in the report summarize results of research activities ranging in scale from calculating the efficacy of individual lamp ballasts to estimating the cost-effectiveness of the national Energy Star{reg_sign} labeling program, and ranging in location from a scoping study of energy-efficiency market transformation in California to development of an energy-efficiency project in the auto parts industry in Shandong Province, China.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

EFCOG Work Management Sub-Working Group Session on Overview and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EFCOG Work Management Sub-Working Group Session on Overview and Results from WP&C Assist Visits across Complex EFCOG Work Management Sub-Working Group Session on Overview and...

283

Reconnections of Vortex Loops in the Superfluid Turbulent HeII. Rates of the Breakdown and Fusion processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetics of merging and breaking down vortex loops is the important part of the whole vortex tangle dynamics. Another part is the motion of individual lines, which obeys the Biot-Savart law in presence of friction force and of applied external velocity fields if any. In the present work we evaluate the coefficients of the reconnection rates $A(l_{1},l_{2},l)$ and $B(l,l_{1},l_{2})$. Quantity $A$ is a number (per unit of time and per unit of volume) of events, when two loops with lengths $l_{1}$and $l_{2}$ collide and form the single loop of length $ l=l_{1}+l_{2}$. Quantity $% B(l,l_{1},l_{2}) $ describes the rate of events, when the single loop of the length $l$ breaks down into two the daughter loops of lengths $ l_{1}$ and $l_{2}$. These quantities ave evaluated as the averaged numbers of zeroes of vector $\\mathbf{S}%_{s}(\\xi_{2},\\xi_{1},t)$ connecting two points on the loops of $\\xi_{2}$ and $ \\xi_{1}$ at moment of time $t$. Statistics of the individual loops is taken from the Gaussian model of vortex tangle. PACS-number 67.40

Sergey K. Nemirovskii

2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

284

Critical Path Method (CPM) Scheduling, Basic Engineering, and Project Approach for Typical Substation Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Field Project provides an overview of the typical substation Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) project delivery method, the work breakdown structure, activities and sequences in the Critical Path Method (CPM) schedule, basic substation...

Jamir, Dewan R.

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

Edinburgh Research Explorer Identity work and face work across linguistic and cultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­54 John E. Joseph Identity work and face work across linguistic and cultural boundaries Abstract:1Edinburgh Research Explorer Identity work and face work across linguistic and cultural boundaries Citation for published version: Joseph, JE 2013, 'Identity work and face work across linguistic

Millar, Andrew J.

286

Coherent States of Accelerated Relativistic Quantum Particles, Vacuum Radiation and the Spontaneous Breakdown of the Conformal SU(2,2) Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a quantum mechanical description of accelerated relativistic particles in the framework of Coherent States (CS) of the (3+1)-dimensional conformal group SU(2,2), with the role of accelerations played by special conformal transformations and with the role of (proper) time translations played by dilations. The accelerated ground state $\\tilde\\phi_0$ of first quantization is a CS of the conformal group. We compute the distribution function giving the occupation number of each energy level in $\\tilde\\phi_0$ and, with it, the partition function Z, mean energy E and entropy S, which resemble that of an "Einstein Solid". An effective temperature T can be assigned to this "accelerated ensemble" through the thermodynamic expression dE/dS, which leads to a (non linear) relation between acceleration and temperature different from Unruh's (linear) formula. Then we construct the corresponding conformal-SU(2,2)-invariant second quantized theory and its spontaneous breakdown when selecting Poincar\\'e-invariant degenerated \\theta-vacua (namely, coherent states of conformal zero modes). Special conformal transformations (accelerations) destabilize the Poincar\\'e vacuum and make it to radiate.

M. Calixto; E. Perez-Romero; V. Aldaya

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

287

The Gender Breakdown of the Applicant Pool for Tenure-Track Faculty Positions at a Sample of North American Research Astronomy Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The demographics of the field of Astronomy, and the gender balance in particular, is an important active area of investigation. A piece of information missing from the discussion is the gender breakdown of the applicant pool for faculty positions. For a sample of 35 tenure-track faculty positions at 25 research universities advertised over the last few years in astronomy and astrophysics, I find that the ratio of female applicants to the total number of applicants is ~0.2, with little dispersion and with no strong dependence on the total number of applicants. Some discussion is provided in the context of the fraction of women at the graduate student, postdoctoral researcher, and assistant professor levels, but strong conclusions are not possible given the limitations of the study. Current and future faculty search committees will likely be interested to compare their numbers to this distribution to decide whether or not they could be doing more to attract an applicant pool that is representative of the commun...

Thompson, Todd A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

On the global uniqueness for the Einstein-Maxwell-scalar field system with a cosmological constant. Part 1: Well posedness and breakdown criterion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is the first part of a trilogy dedicated to the following problem: given spherically symmetric characteristic initial data for the Einstein-Maxwell-scalar field system with a cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, with the data on the outgoing initial null hypersurface given by a subextremal Reissner-Nordstrom black hole event horizon, study the future extendibility of the corresponding maximal globally hyperbolic development (MGHD) as a "suitably regular" Lorentzian manifold. In this first part we establish well posedness of the Einstein equations for characteristic data satisfying the minimal regularity conditions leading to classical solutions. We also identify the appropriate notion of maximal solution, from which the construction of the corresponding MGHD follows, and determine breakdown criteria. This is the unavoidable starting point of the analysis; our main results will depend on the detailed understanding of these fundamentals. In the second part of this series we study the stability of the radius function at the Cauchy horizon. In the third and final paper we show that, depending on the decay rate of the initial data, mass inflation may or may not occur; in fact, it is even possible to have (non-isometric) extensions of the spacetime across the Cauchy horizon as classical solutions of the Einstein equations.

Joo L. Costa; Pedro M. Giro; Jos Natrio; Jorge Drumond Silva

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

289

Heat pipe wick with structural enhancement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Heat pipe wick structure wherein a stout sheet of perforated material overlays a high performance wick material such as stainless steel felt affixed to a substrate. The inventive structure provides a good flow path for working fluid while maintaining durability and structural stability independent of the structure (or lack of structure) associated with the wick material. In one described embodiment, a wick of randomly laid .about.8 micron thickness stainless steel fibers is sintered to a metal substrate and a perforated metal overlay.

Andraka, Charles E.; Adkins, Douglas R.; Moreno, James B.; Rawlinson, K. Scott; Showalter, Steven K.; Moss, Timothy A.

2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

290

Visible structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All architecture is the interplay between structure, surface and ornament. Traditionally, ornament adorned structure thereby giving it its meaning. A society with its intellectual foundations resting in faith or the abstract ...

Conway, Helene Marie

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Summary of Future of DIS Working Group Session  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the closure of the HERA accelerator in the past few years, much physics still remains to be understood, from the quark and gluon content of the nucleon/nucleus across all x to the still unknown spin structure of the proton. The 'Future of DIS' working group was dedicated to discussions on these and many other subjects. This paper represents a brief overview of the discussions. For further details, please refer to individual contributions.

Lamont M.; Guzey, V.; Polini, A.

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

292

Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.roucoules@utt.fr ABSTRACT Nowadays, the use of digital modelling through multiple CAx systems becomes more and more not data breakdown) and then are not yet efficient for CAx systems interoperability. The paper aims to integrate and merge multidisciplinary product data breakdown and to exchange them with other CAx

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

Elements of doing work at SSRL (rev  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

follow JHAMs, safety procedures, and work plans (e.g., non-routine JHAMs, equipment lockout procedures, and radiation safety work control forms). 2. Ensure STAs are up to date...

294

From Higher Education To Work In West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Higher Education To Work In West Virginia 2009 Summary Results For Work Participation Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission By George W. Hammond, Associate Director Adam Hoffer, Graduate Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission. Opinions expressed herein are the responsibility

Mohaghegh, Shahab

295

WorkLife Office Choosing Child Care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Communication....................................................... 22 Recycled ResourcesWorkLife Office Choosing Child Care Resources for Making Child Care Decisions WorkLife Office 3160 an Employer ............................. 14 IV. CHILD CARE RESOURCES Child Care Drop

Straight, Aaron

296

How Solar Works | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Learn More How Fusion Energy Works 33 likes Fusion energy is the energy source of the sun and all of the stars. As part of How Energy Works, we'll cover everything from fuel...

297

Identity work and control in occupational communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This chapter is about three highly intertwined concepts. The first concerns occupational communities and the work cultures they nourish. The second concerns the work identities that are valued (and devalued) in such ...

Van Maanen, John

298

Elmira Stove Works: Order (2011-CE-1407)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Elmira Stove Works to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Elmira Stove Works had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerator-freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

299

How to Work With the Media Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

How to Work With the Media Webinar, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

300

Solar Industry at Work | Laila Mattos  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Laila Mattos, a technology manager at Alta Devices, talks about what it means to work for a "disruptive" solar company.

Mattos, Laila

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Agenda: High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Agenda for the High Temperature Membrane Working Group (HTMWG) meeting on May 18, 2009, in Arlington, Virginia

302

Solar Industry at Work | Laila Mattos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laila Mattos, a technology manager at Alta Devices, talks about what it means to work for a "disruptive" solar company.

Mattos, Laila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

@ work' video segment features Robotic Software Engineer  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

@ work highlights Idaho National Laboratory employees and the jobs they perform.This segment features Robotic Software Engineer Miles Walton.

Idaho National Laboratory

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

304

Eye Safety At Work Is Everyone's Business.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eye Safety At Work Is Everyone's Business. Preventing Work-Related Eye Injuries Each day, about 2,000 U.S. workers receive medical treatment because of eye injuries sustained at work. Workplace injury is a leading cause of eye trauma, vision loss, disability, and blindness, and can interfere with your ability

Baker, Chris I.

305

STUDY OF WORKING FLUID MIXTURES AND HIGH TEMPERATURE WORKING FLUIDS FOR COMPRESSOR DRIVEN SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FILE COPY DO NOT REWMOVE STUDY OF WORKING FLUID MIXTURES AND HIGH TEMPERATURE WORKING FLUIDS is the Step 2 product of the project "Study of working fluid mixtures and high temperature working fluids-ECONOMICAL EVALUATIONS ON COMPRESSION HEAT PUMPS WORKING WITH NONAZEOTROPIC MIXTURES OF FLUIDS 79 6.1 Introduction 79 6

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

306

Work as coordination and coordination as work: A process perspective on FLOSS development projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and coordination as work: A process perspective on FLOSS development projects Abstract Coordination in work teamsWork as coordination and coordination as work: A process perspective on FLOSS development projects Dipartimento Impresa e Lavoro Università degli Studi di Cassino Cassino Italy #12;Work as coordination

Crowston, Kevin

307

Conversion to organic farming and consequences on work organisation and work perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Organic farming, work organization, work relationship Abstract With organic farming accounting for only 31 Conversion to organic farming and consequences on work organisation and work perception B% of the national agricultural surface area, France will not reach its conversion objective of 6% in 2012. Work

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

308

Going To Work: Meeting the Public  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It usually sets the overall tone of the work area for the day. Employees enjoy their work if they have friendly, but not inti- mate, work relationships. Other workers also want them on their team. Here is an example of a conversation between employees: Paul... sees his friend Sam before work. Paul: ?Morning, Sam. How are you doing?? Sam: ?Pretty good. And you?? Paul: ?Not bad. How?s the work going?? Sam: ?Good.? Paul: ?See you at lunch.? Sam: ?Okay. See you later.? Notice that they greet each other...

Hoffman, Rosemarie

2000-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high performance capacitor is fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a ``notepad`` configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The notepad capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density. 5 figs.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Johnson, G.W.; O`Brien, D.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

310

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high performance capacitor fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a "notepad" configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The "notepad" capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density.

Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA); O'Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high performance capacitor is described which is fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a ``notepad`` configuration composed of 200--300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The ``notepad`` capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density. 5 figs.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Johnson, G.W.; O`Brien, D.W.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

312

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high performance capacitor fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a "notepad" configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The "notepad" capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density.

Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA); O'Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Civil Works Planning Overview Civil Works (CW) Planning offers a structured, rational approach to solving water resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the current design and construction program is largely a result of project authorizations. Planning); and several implementing policies. CW Planning is the start of the "pipeline" for addressing water resources

US Army Corps of Engineers

314

PublishedbyManeyPublishing(c)IOMCommunicationsLtd Rosalind Franklin's work on coal,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PublishedbyManeyPublishing(c)IOMCommunicationsLtd Rosalind Franklin's work on coal, carbon research involved studies of coal, carbon, and graphite. She made a number of enduring contributions Franklin's published work on coal, carbon,Rosalind Franklin's role in unravelling the structure

Harris, Peter J F

315

A Model to Predict Work-Related Fatigue Based on Hours of Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Model to Predict Work-Related Fatigue Based on Hours of Work Gregory D. Roach, Adam Fletcher, and Drew Dawson ROACH GD, FLETCHER A, DAWSON D. A model to predict work- related fatigue based on hours

316

A project management focused framework for assuring quality work processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Federal Manufacturing & Technologies/New Mexico (FM&T/NM) of AlliedSignal is an organization of approximately 300 associates providing operations support, engineering, and other technical services for DOE, New Mexico`s National Laboratories, etc. Work performed is primarily project-oriented and ranges from executing a major long-term contract for retrofitting and maintaining a large fleet of escort vehicles to creating a single, small, prototype electronic device for measuring radiation in a unique environment. FM&T/NM is functionally organized and operates in a classic matrix format with functional departments providing personnel with technical expertise, necessary physical resources, and administrative support to several project-based groups. Like most matrix-based organizations that provide support to diverse customers, FM&T/NM has encountered problems that occur when a group of project managers is expected to work together in using and scheduling a shared set of limited resources for the good of the organization as a whole. The framework for managing projects that we present focuses on developing, understanding, and managing the relationships between the functional organization structure, the system of work processes, and the management of projects. FM&T/NM retains its functional structure which primarily assigns personnel to work processes. The evolving role of the process leader focuses primarily on designing, managing, and improving the process, and the interactions among the subprocesses. The project manager is responsible for (1) translating customer requirements into product specifications, (2) determining the sequence of activities needed to meet project goals, (3) scheduling the required work processes, (4) monitoring project progress, (5) providing liaison between the customer and process leaders, and (6) having the desired product and/or service delivered to a satisfied customer in a timely manner.

Gamsby, S.O.; Mize, J.D. [Allied Signal, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Federal Mfg. and Technologies; Reid, R.A. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.

Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.

1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.

Schiffbauer, William H. (Connellsville, PA); Ganoe, Carl W. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Working With the Federal Fleets (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation about federal fleet data, working with the federal government, and results from a survey of Clean Cities coordinators about their experiences with regulated fleets.

Daley, R.

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

320

Work For Others Agreements | Partnerships | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agreement science Work For Others (WFO) agreements provide an excellent way for companies, universities, and other entities to access the unique facilities, technologies, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting Minutes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

membranes. He discussed the motivation for the work; electrochemistry and mechanical loads co-exist but are usually modeled separately. Additionally, there is a concern...

322

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group or engaged in a utility energy service contract project. General Services Administration National Aeronautics and Space...

323

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The following Federal agencies have participated in the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group or engaged in a utility energy service contract project.

324

Room temperature and productivity in office work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2003 Conference.building, Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2003 Conference.work. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings Conference 2003.

Seppanen, O.; Fisk, W.J.; Lei, Q.H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Working with Utilities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 2, 2012 Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Working with Utilities Peer Exchange Call: Effective Strategies for Participating in Utility Planning Call Slides and...

326

How Fusion Energy Works | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fuel Cells Work 30 likes Fuel cells produce electrical power without any combustion and can provide power for virtually any application -- from cars and buses to commercial...

327

Energy Advisors at Work: Charity Work Practices to Support People in Fuel Poverty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Advisors at Work: Charity Work Practices to Support People in Fuel Poverty Joel E. Fischer present an ethnographic study of energy advisors working for a charity that provides support, particularly, interactional work of energy advisors and clients during home visits, supplemented with interviews

328

2014.12-Web of ScienceRefWorks [] RefWorks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014.12- Web of ScienceRefWorks [] 1 RefWorks Web of Science CORE COLLECTION [] TEL: 03-5841-2649:22649 : literacy@lib.u-tokyo.ac.jp Web of Science RefWorks UTokyo Article Link p. 3-4 p. 5 p. 3 p. 6 RefWorks p. 6 Web of Science

Miyashita, Yasushi

329

Working for a healthier tomorrow: a Review of the health of Britain's working age population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of her clinical work sprang a research interest in Systemic Sclerosis, a disorder for which little couldWorking for a healthier tomorrow: a Review of the health of Britain's working age population University followed by a diploma in medical social work. She entered medical school as a mature student

Mumby, Peter J.

330

Ruth Yeoman Meaningful Work and Workplace Democracy Meaningful Work and Workplace Democracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contents Page Number Abstract 8 Introduction 9 Chapter One Meaningful Work as a Fundamental Human Need 1Ruth Yeoman Meaningful Work and Workplace Democracy Page 1 Meaningful Work and Workplace Democracy;Ruth Yeoman Meaningful Work and Workplace Democracy Page 2 Declaration I hereby declare that all

Sheldon, Nathan D.

331

Using the Web for Name Authority Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many catalogers are using the Web to find the information they need to perform authority work quickly and accurately, the full potential of the Web to assist catalogers in name authority work has yet to be realized. The ever-growing nature...

Whittaker, Beth M.; Spillane, Jodi Lynn

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

RISK ASSESSMENT FORM FIELD / LOCATION WORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the work. Detail such risks in the final section. ENVIRONMENT The environment always represents a safety weather, illness, hypothermia, assault, getting lost. Is the risk high/medium/low? CONTROL MEASURES environment trained leaders accompany the trip refuge is available work in outside organisations is subject

Lummaa, Virpi

333

Fusion Technology Working Group Presented by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Snowmass Fusion Technology Working Group Summary Presented by M. Abdou, S. Milora Snowmass July 23, 1999 #12;Technology Working Group Subgroup # 1 Subgroup # 2 Solid Walls Ulrickson / Mattas Liquid Walls / Ying Chamber Technology Abdou / Ulrickson Heating/CD/Fueling Swain / Temkin Magnets Schultz / Woolley

Abdou, Mohamed

334

From Higher Education To Work In West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Higher Education To Work In West Virginia 2008 Summary Results For Work Participation Achievement, Tuition Assistance, and Nearby States March 2010 Prepared for the West Virginia Higher Education Higher Education Policy Commission. Opinions expressed herein are the responsibility of the authors. #12

Mohaghegh, Shahab

335

From Higher Education To Work In West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Higher Education To Work In West Virginia 2007 Summary Results For Work Participation Prepared for the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission By George W. Hammond, Associate Director This research was conducted under contract with the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission. Opinions

Mohaghegh, Shahab

336

Lone Working Procedure Procedure Revision No  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Heads of School, Directors of Research Institutes and Heads of Service 5.2 Line Managers 5.3 Health legislation in respect of working alone, the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999' risks that employees might face in the course of their duties. The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) has

Glasgow, University of

337

NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS Juan Antonio Morales Jeffrey Sachs Working Paper No. 2620 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 of a monograph on "Bolivian Economic Performance and Foreign Debt", undertaken as part of the NBER project

338

Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...

Gutirrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guilln Rodrguez, Ana Marta; Pea-Casas, Ramn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Working Copy Specification E-I-474  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Copy Specification E-I-474 Revision Number 0 Revision Date 07/30/07 ECO Number 11818.7 Packaging and Shipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.8 Final #12;Working Copy E-I-474, Rev. 0 SPECIFICATION E-X-XXX RECORD OF REVISION ECO/REV NUMBER DATE PAGES

340

Caringscapes: experiences of caring and working  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is growing interest in ways in which people combine working with caring, and what can be done to make the balance of work and care more manageable. In this paper, Linda McKie, Susan Gregory and Sophia Bowlby explore experiences of caring...

McKie, Linda; Gregory, Susan; Bowlby, Sophie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

2007 WORK PROGRAMME COOPERATION THEME 5: ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the proposed hydrogen and fuel cell JTI will have a significant effect on the overall content of this work of contents) #12;3 2007 WORK PROGRAMME COOPERATION THEME 5: ENERGY Objective: Adapting the current fossil-fuel based energy system into a more sustainable one, less dependent of imported fuels, based on a diverse

Meju, Max

342

Second Proof Work, Power, and Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) energy sources, such as solar energy, wind, water flows, ocean and tidal waves, and biomassSecond Proof Work, Power, and Energy M. KOSTIC Northern Illinois University DeKalb, Illinois, United States 1. Basic Concepts 2. Forms, Classifications, and Conservation of Energy 3. Work

Kostic, Milivoje M.

343

Technical Work Plan for: Fracture and Lithophysal Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of the work scope described in this technical work plan (TWP) is to enhance the descriptions of fracture and lithophysal parameters for the repository host horizon (RHH) over the repository footprint utilizing a predictive model. This work is planned to address U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) additional information needs (AINs) associated with the Structural Deformation and Seismicity (SDS) Key Technical Issues (KTI) agreement SDS 3.03 (Schlueter 2000 [DIRS 166615]). The results of the planned work are expected to enhance the technical basis and confirm the results of the fracture analyses presented in ''Drift Degradation Analysis'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107], Section 6.1.6). This model is not intended to provide an alternative for the unsaturated zone and saturated zone flow and transport models currently used by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP). Nor are the outputs of this model intended to address the SDS 3.03 AINs related to the unsaturated zone and saturated zone flow and transport models.

n

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

Low work function, stable thin films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Generation of low work function, stable compound thin films by laser ablation. Compound thin films with low work function can be synthesized by simultaneously laser ablating silicon, for example, and thermal evaporating an alkali metal into an oxygen environment. For example, the compound thin film may be composed of Si/Cs/O. The work functions of the thin films can be varied by changing the silicon/alkali metal/oxygen ratio. Low work functions of the compound thin films deposited on silicon substrates were confirmed by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). The compound thin films are stable up to 500.degree. C. as measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Tests have established that for certain chemical compositions and annealing temperatures of the compound thin films, negative electron affinity (NEA) was detected. The low work function, stable compound thin films can be utilized in solar cells, field emission flat panel displays, electron guns, and cold cathode electron guns.

Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Fehring, Jr., Edward J. (Dublin, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Deployable structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis has the purpose of describing the meaning and applications of deployable structures (making emphasis in the scissor-hinged and sliding mechanisms.) and the development of new geometries, details, and mechanisms ...

Hernndez Merchan, Carlos Henrique

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Summary report of working group 5: Beam and radiation generation, monitoring, and control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the activities and presentations of Working Group 5 of the Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop held at Annapolis, Maryland in June 2010. Working Group 5 touched on a broad range of topics in the fields of beam and radiation generation and their monitoring and control. These topics were not comprehensively covered in this Workshop, but rather the Working Group concentrated on specific new developments and recent investigations. The Working Group divided its sessions into four broad categories: cathodes and electron guns, radiation generation, beam diagnostics, and beam control and dynamics. This summary is divided into the same structure.

Church, Mike; /Fermilab; Kim, Ki-Yong; /Maryland U.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Evaluation of the Effects of Porous Media Structure on Mixing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Media Structure on Mixing-Controlled Reactions Using Pore-Scale Modeling and Micromodel Abstract: The objectives of this work were to determine if a porescale model could...

348

Microstructure and Rheology of a Flow-Induced Structured Phase...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

salt concentration. In our work, by introducing external flow conditions via microfluidics, these micellar structures can follow very different trajectories on the phase map...

349

Why Should You Work with the PLHC?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluations (DOEs) · Historic Property Survey and Inventories · Historic Structure Reports · Cultural Landscape Inventories and Reports · Site and District Surveys

350

High School Co-op Program Salary Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Salary Structure High School Co-op Program Salary Structure Point your career towards Los Alamos Lab: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is...

351

Structural Biology Reveals the Secrets of Disease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne's Structural Biology Center Director, Andrzej Joachimiak, talks about the work done at the SBC in analyzes the genetic makeup of pathogens to better understand how harmful bacteria and viruses can affect humans and animals.

Joachmiak, Andrzej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Structured Prediction via the Extragradient Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-margin estima- tion of structured models, including an important class of Markov net- works and combinatorial The scope of discriminative learning methods has been expanding to encompass prediction tasks

Plotkin, Joshua B.

353

Antarctic Glossopterids: Clarifying and Comparing Reproductive Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Glossopterid reproductive structures, both impressions and permineralizations, have been known from Antarctica for decades, but little detailed work has been done on them to date. Impression fossils from the Central ...

Ryberg, Patricia Elizabeth

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

354

Internal temperature monitor for work pieces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for measuring the internal temperature of a work piece comprises an excitation laser for generating laser pulses which are directed through a water cooled probe, and in an optical fiber, to a first surface of the work piece. The laser is of sufficient intensity to ablate the surface of the work piece, producing a displacement and a resulting ultrasonic pulse which propagates within the thickness of the work piece to an opposite surface. The ultrasonic pulse is reflected from the opposite surface and returns to the first surface to create a second displacement. A second continuous laser also shines its light through an optical fiber in the probe into the first surface and is used in conjunction with signal processing equipment to measure the time between the first and second displacements. This time is proportional to the time-of-flight of the ultrasonic pulse in the work piece which, with a known or detected thickness of the work piece, can be used to calculate the internal temperature of the work piece.

Berthold, J.W.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

355

The work function of elastic solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In solid phase the pressure correlates to the elastic related volume change while the temperature to the thermal related volume change. These volume changes are not compatible with the exception of constant volume condition when the expanded volume converts completely compressed volume. Separating the thermal and elastic related volume changes the work functions for each of the thermodynamic conditions are derived. Based on theoretical consideration it is suggested that the thermal related volume change do not result mechanical work. Homogeneous model, both the system and the surrounding have the same phase, can completely explain the lack of the thermal related work and provide a self-consistent thermodynamic description for the elastic solids.

Jozsef Garai; Alexandre Laugier

2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

356

Working at SLAC | Linac Coherent Light Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14Working With Us WorkingWorking at

357

Financial Policy and Procedures for Reimbursable Work  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The directive establishes Department-wide financial policy and procedural guidance applicable to performing reimbursable work for other Federal agencies and with non-Federal Government entities, including foreign and commercial entities, State, and political subdivisions.

1988-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

How did the Rocket steam engine work?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simon Schaffer talks to a museum curator at the York railway museum about the way in which steam engines worked and the imagination and technical ability of George Stephenson....

Dugan, David

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

359

Safety Monitor Joint Working Group (JWG) Tour  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Joint Working Group of the U.S.-Japan Coordinating Committee of Fusion Energy on Safety in Inter-Institutional Collaborations (U.S.-Japan Safety Monitoring Program) Meeting...

360

Energy Management Working Group: Accelerating Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Countries participating in the Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP) Energy Management Working Group (EMWG) are leveraging their resources and taking collective action to strengthen national and international efforts to facilitate the adoption...

Scheihing, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Kansas City- EnergyWorks KC (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EnergyWorks KC program offers residents, small businesses, churches, schools, and non-profit Kansas City organizations an opportunity to increase the efficiency of their homes and buildings. An...

362

Research Center ESSEC Working Paper 1407  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the labor relations and social innovation at the work floor in organizations. The EC supported a first study' roles, attitudes, and competencies to act as partners in social innovation" (VS/2012/0416). The project

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

What problem are you working on?  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Superconductors, supercomputers, new materials, clean energy, big science - ORNL researchers' work is multidisciplinary and world-leading. Hear them explain it in their own words in this video first shown at UT-Battelle's 2013 Awards Night.

None

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy was allocated funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to conduct research into working fluid technologies and applications. Projects funded by the...

365

What problem are you working on?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconductors, supercomputers, new materials, clean energy, big science - ORNL researchers' work is multidisciplinary and world-leading. Hear them explain it in their own words in this video first shown at UT-Battelle's 2013 Awards Night.

None

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

366

[working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 [working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks, and Economic that makes them more likely to resist economic shocks or to recover quickly from of resilience capacity developed by Foster (2012) is related to economic resilience

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

367

Water+works : a new ecological infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the global water crisis as catalyst, Water+Works acts as a model for a localized water initiative that will mitigate flooding and provide a freshwater resource in times of crisis, while enriching urban ecosystems and ...

Hedstrom, Lisa Kristin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Academic Achievement And Work In West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Average June 2009 Revised: December 2009 Prepared for the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission The Past Decade With ACT Score Available ..............................................5 2. Work .......................................................................................9 5. Annualized Wages For W.Va. Public Higher Education Graduates By ACT Score

Mohaghegh, Shahab

369

Reimbursable Work for Department of Homeland Security  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To authorize a modified process for the acceptance, performance, and administration of work from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) by Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and federally operated laboratories, sites, and other facilities.

2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

370

W Boson Mass Working Group Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The W boson mass working group discussed the current status of the W boson mass measurement and the prospects for improving on LEP and Tevatron measurements at the LHC.

Kilgore, W.; Kilgore, W.

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

371

Editorial Resources in Work and Welfare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper collates information on the top English-language publishing outlets in the field of work and welfare, including peer-reviewed journals and book series with large academic publishers. It is intended as a bookshelf resource for scholars...

PUDIACwowe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

INL@Work Hope Lee microbiologist  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL environmental microbiologist Hope Lee is working to develop and apply tools that clean contaminants out of ground water. You can learn more about INL's environmental projects at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Lee, Hope

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

RISK ASSESSMENT TECHNICAL EXPERT WORKING GROUP  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Risk Assessment Technical Expert Working Group (RWG) is established to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) with the appropriate and effective use of quantitative risk assessment in nuclear...

374

WRAP process area development control work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work plan defines the manner in which the Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, Module I Process Area will be maintained under development control status. This status permits resolution of identified design discrepancies, control system changes, as-building of equipment, and perform modifications to increase process operability and maintainability as parallel efforts. This work plan maintains configuration control as these efforts are undertaken. This task will end with system testing and reissue of field verified design drawings.

Leist, K.L., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

375

Stirling engine with air working fluid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Stirling engine capable of utilizing air as a working fluid which includes a compact heat exchange module which includes heating tube units, regenerator and cooler positioned about the combustion chamber. This arrangement has the purpose and effect of allowing the construction of an efficient, high-speed, high power-density engine without the use of difficult to seal light gases as working fluids.

Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Going To Work: Keeping Your Job  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edited by Rosemarie Hoffman Assistant Professor and Extension Individual and Family Development Specialist, The Texas A&M University System L-2381 6-00 Keeping Your Job O nce you land a job, it?s important to take steps to make sure that you keep it... patience easily. What can Roger do to be a bet- ter employee? ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ Work stress has many causes, includ- ing: l Work overload l Threats to job security l Time...

Hoffman, Rosemarie

2000-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

377

Distributed Parallel Particle Advection using Work Requesting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particle advection is an important vector field visualization technique that is difficult to apply to very large data sets in a distributed setting due to scalability limitations in existing algorithms. In this paper, we report on several experiments using work requesting dynamic scheduling which achieves balanced work distribution on arbitrary problems with minimal communication overhead. We present a corresponding prototype implementation, provide and analyze benchmark results, and compare our results to an existing algorithm.

Muller, Cornelius; Camp, David; Hentschel, Bernd; Garth, Christoph

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Stirling engine with air working fluid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Stirling engine capable of utilizing air as a working fluid which includes a compact heat exchange module which includes heating tube units, regenerator and cooler positioned about the combustion chamber. This arrangement has the purpose and effect of allowing the construction of an efficient, high-speed, high power-density engine without the use of difficult to seal light gases as working fluids.

Corey, J. A.

1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

379

RefWorks for Business: Basics Ways to Get References into RefWorks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time. Type in your search terms. 5. Import from a text file. This method works for some onlineWorks function is located along side the print, e-mail, save and download functions. 2. Manually enter references. Search and import from an online catalogue within RefWorks. You can search and import references from

Haykin, Simon

380

Hot Work Procedures The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition of combustible and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hot Work Procedures Purpose The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition requirements when applicable: · Within 35 feet of work: o Remove combustible/flammable materials, dust, lint Eliminate explosive atmosphere. o Cover fixed combustibles with fire resistive covers, guards, or shields. o

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

PRESENTATION OF WORK PERFORMED BY ESReDA "ACCIDENT ANALYSIS" WORKING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRESENTATION OF WORK PERFORMED BY ESReDA "ACCIDENT ANALYSIS" WORKING GROUP AND GOALS FOR THE FUTURE J.P. PINEAU, INERIS, FRANCE Summary The Accident Analysis working group was initiated in January and softwares for consequences assessment of major accidents and a more statistical approach of data collected

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Heat pipe with embedded wick structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat pipe has an embedded wick structure that maximizes capillary pumping capability. Heat from attached devices such as integrated circuits evaporates working fluid in the heat pipe. The vapor cools and condenses on a heat dissipation surface. The condensate collects in the wick structure, where capillary pumping returns the fluid to high heat areas.

Adkins, Douglas Ray (Albuquerque, NM); Shen, David S. (Albuquerque, NM); Tuck, Melanie R. (Albuquerque, NM); Palmer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Grafe, V. Gerald (Corrales, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Heat pipe with embedded wick structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat pipe has an embedded wick structure that maximizes capillary pumping capability. Heat from attached devices such as integrated circuits evaporates working fluid in the heat pipe. The vapor cools and condenses on a heat dissipation surface. The condensate collects in the wick structure, where capillary pumping returns the fluid to high heat areas.

Adkins, Douglas Ray (Albuquerque, NM); Shen, David S. (Albuquerque, NM); Tuck, Melanie R. (Albuquerque, NM); Palmer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Grafe, V. Gerald (Corrales, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Heat pipe with embedded wick structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat pipe has an embedded wick structure that maximizes capillary pumping capability. Heat from attached devices such as integrated circuits evaporates working fluid in the heat pipe. The vapor cools and condenses on a heat dissipation surface. The condensate collects in the wick structure, where capillary pumping returns the fluid to high heat areas. 7 figs.

Adkins, D.R.; Shen, D.S.; Tuck, M.R.; Palmer, D.W.; Grafe, V.G.

1998-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

385

Reexamination of Pure Qubit Work Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many work extraction or information erasure processes in the literature involve the raising and lowering of energy levels via external fields. But even if the actual system is treated quantum mechanically, the field is assumed to be classical and of infinite strength, hence not developing any correlations with the system or experiencing back-actions. We extend these considerations to a fully quantum mechanical treatment, by studying a spin-1/2 particle coupled to a finite-sized directional quantum reference frame, a spin-l system, which models an external field. With this concrete model together with a bosonic thermal bath, we analyse the back-action a finite-size field suffers during a quantum-mechanical work extraction process, the effect this has on the extractable work, and highlight a range of assumptions commonly made when considering such processes. The well-known semi-classical treatment of work extraction from a pure qubit predicts a maximum extractable work W = kT log 2 for a quasi-static process, which holds as a strict upper bound in the fully quantum mechanical case, and is only attained in the classical limit. We also address the problem of emergent local time-dependence in a joint system with globally fixed Hamiltonian.

Max F. Frenzel; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

Military Munitions Waste Working Group report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the findings of the Military Munitions Waste Working Group in its effort to achieve the goals directed under the Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-Site Innovative Technologies (DOIT Committee) for environmental restoration and waste management. The Military Munitions Waste Working Group identified the following seven areas of concern associated with the ordnance (energetics) waste stream: unexploded ordnance; stockpiled; disposed -- at known locations, i.e., disposal pits; discharged -- impact areas, unknown disposal sites; contaminated media; chemical sureties/weapons; biological weapons; munitions production; depleted uranium; and rocket motor and fuel disposal (open burn/open detonation). Because of time constraints, the Military Munitions Waste Working Group has focused on unexploded ordnance and contaminated media with the understanding that remaining waste streams will be considered as time permits. Contents of this report are as follows: executive summary; introduction; Military Munitions Waste Working Group charter; description of priority waste stream problems; shortcomings of existing approaches, processes and technologies; innovative approaches, processes and technologies, work force planning, training, and education issues relative to technology development and cleanup; criteria used to identify and screen potential demonstration projects; list of potential candidate demonstration projects for the DOIT committee decision/recommendation and appendices.

Not Available

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

387

Work Packages for Site Support Service at Los Alamos National...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

controlled by the requirements of LANL Irnplementation Procedure IMP 300.2, Integrated Work Management for Work Activities. This documellt establishes the LANL Integrated Work...

388

Community Power Works for Small Business | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Works for Small Business Community Power Works for Small Business Information on Community Power Works in Seattle and their small business offerings cpwforsmallbusiness-1.pdf...

389

Low work function thermionic emission materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic energy conversion in a microminiature format shows potential as a viable, high efficiency, on-chip power source. Microminiature thermionic converters (MTC) with inter-electrode spacings on the order of microns are currently being prototyped and evaluated at Sandia. The remaining enabling technology is the development of low work function materials and processes than can be integrated into these converters. In this report, the authors demonstrate a method of incorporating thin film emitters into converters using rf sputtering. They find that the resultant films possess a minimum work function of 1.2 eV. Practical energy conversion is hindered by surface work function non-uniformity. They postulate the source of this heterogeneity to be a result of limited bulk and surface transport of barium. Several methods are proposed for maximizing transport, including increased film porosity and the use of metal terminating layers. They demonstrate a novel method for incorporating film porosity based on metal interlayer coalescence.

Zavadil, K.R.; King, D.B.; Ruffner, J.A.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Method of making low work function component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for fabricating a component is disclosed. The method includes: providing a member having an effective work function of an initial value, disposing a sacrificial layer on a surface of the member, disposing a first agent within the member to obtain a predetermined concentration of the agent at said surface of the member, annealing the member, and removing the sacrificial layer to expose said surface of the member, wherein said surface has a post-process effective work function that is different from the initial value.

Robinson, Vance (Niskayuna, NY); Weaver, Stanton Earl (Northville, NY); Michael, Joseph Darryl (Delmar, NY)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Burn site groundwater interim measures work plan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Work Plan identifies and outlines interim measures to address nitrate contamination in groundwater at the Burn Site, Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico. The New Mexico Environment Department has required implementation of interim measures for nitrate-contaminated groundwater at the Burn Site. The purpose of interim measures is to prevent human or environmental exposure to nitrate-contaminated groundwater originating from the Burn Site. This Work Plan details a summary of current information about the Burn Site, interim measures activities for stabilization, and project management responsibilities to accomplish this purpose.

Witt, Jonathan L. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID); Hall, Kevin A. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Working With Municipal Utilities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department ofDepartmentLieve Laurens Women @ContractWorking FluidsWorking

393

Working with NIST | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department ofDepartmentLieve Laurens Women @ContractWorkingWithout:Working

394

Superconducting structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Terminal structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A terminal structure (2) for a superconducting cable (1) is described. It consists of a conductor (2a) and an insulator (2b) that surrounds the conductor (2a), wherein the superconducting cable (1) has a core with a superconducting conductor (5) and a layer of insulation that surrounds the conductor (5), and wherein the core is arranged in such a way that it can move longitudinally in a cryostat. The conductor (2a) of the terminal structure (2) is electrically connected with the superconducting conductor (5) or with a normal conductor (6) that is connected with the superconducting conductor (5) by means of a tubular part (7) made of an electrically conductive material, wherein the superconducting conductor (5) or the normal conductor (6) can slide in the part (7) in the direction of the superconductor.

Schmidt, Frank (Langenhagen, DE); Allais, Arnaud (Hannover, DE); Mirebeau, Pierre (Villebon sur Yvette, FR); Ganhungu, Francois (Vieux-Reng, FR); Lallouet, Nicolas (Saint Martin Boulogne, FR)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

396

Superconducting Structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

397

Do Temporary-Help Jobs Improve Labor Market Outcomes for Low-Skilled Workers? Evidence from "Work First"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporary-help jobs offer rapid entry into paid employment, but they are typically brief and it is unknown whether they foster longer term employment. We utilize the unique structure of Detroit's welfare-to- work program ...

Autor, David H.

398

Patterns for working and living in the 21st century : real estate development for the new workplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging mobile and digital technologies are providing individuals with greater flexibility in the way they structure their working environment. At the same time, the knowledge-based economy is growing based on ideas ...

Foutz, Whitney Jade

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

California Energy Futures Study Working Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organization (ILO) (2008) Green Jobs: Towards decent work in a sustainable, low-carbon world. 376 pp. Urbanchuk of renewable & sustainable feedstocks for fuels (e.g. BCAP), development of new market mechanisms Medium's Energy Future, Biofuels #12;#12;#12;#12;Build-out Rate Final scenario 5.5 bgge ~100 biorefineries

California at Davis, University of

400

Alan Turing HIS WORK AND IMPACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Alan Turing HIS WORK AND IMPACT Edited by S. BARRY COOPER University of Leeds, UK and JAN VAN? This was what Turing saw as the fundamental problem. Reference Hodges, A., 1983. Alan Turing: The Enigma, Burnett Books, London. And Philip K. Maini wonders at -- TURING'S THEORY OF MORPHOGENESIS Alan Turing

Maini, Philip K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Progress Report on Power Division Work Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies Data development for the WECC/TEPPC 2020 transmission assessment 7 #12;Bonneville Resource of adequacy methodology Work with WECC and NERC on assessments 9 #12;Demand Response & Smart Grid Review Participation in WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) Provided PNW load forecast

402

making healthy prisons work in Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

making healthy prisons work in Canada PREMIERE SHOWING OF VIDEO DOCUMENTARY: `Cancer Walks Free panel discussion in support of healthy prisons in Canada. Panelists will discuss why preventive health be implemented in Canada. PANELISTS Ms. Mo Korchinski Film Director, Member of Women in2 Healing Dr. Keith

Michelson, David G.

403

Carbon Dioxide Corrosion: Modelling and Experimental Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Dioxide Corrosion: Modelling and Experimental Work Applied to Natural Gas Pipelines Philip in the corrosion related research institutions at IFE and the Ohio University or any other scientific research;#12;Introduction - v - Summary CO2 corrosion is a general problem in the industry and it is expensive. The focus

404

Laboratory Surveys when Working with Radioactive Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radioactive materials (RAM) are used or stored, including waste areas. Negative results should be clearlyLaboratory Surveys when Working with Radioactive Materials Procedure: 7.546 Created: 9/25/14 Version: 1.0 Revised: Environmental Health & Safety Page 1 of 6 A. Purpose Radioactive contamination and

Jia, Songtao

405

Study in Germany / Work in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study in Germany / Work in Germany Opportunities Prof. Dr. Silke R. Falkner German Programme Coordinator silke.falkner@usask.ca Tel.: 966-5744 #12;Content I. Opportunities for Study in Germany II. German in Germany V. Term II courses #12;I.A. Study in Germany (Summer) 1. CSSG: Canadian Summer School in Germany

Peak, Derek

406

Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety or harmful emission giving metals. Welding Safety When welding outside of a designated welding booth, ensure injury. Avoid welding on materials such as galvanized or stainless steel in order to minimize toxic fume

Pawlowski, Wojtek

407

Gain International Work Experience in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gain International Work Experience in China www.StudyCLI.org "The CLI internship gave me a huge boost both personally and professionally. At 21 years old, I've lived in China and can speak basic city of Guilin, China. CLIinternsengageinadynamicrangeofprojects: Y Establishnewrelationshipswith

Virginia Tech

408

How Minds Work The IDA Cognitive Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 How Minds Work The IDA Cognitive Cycle Stan Franklin Computer Science Division & Institute for Intelligent Systems The University of Memphis #12;HMW: The IDA Cognitive Cycle 2 Memory Systems #12;HMW: The IDA Cognitive Cycle 3 Global Workspace Theory I · The nervous system is a distributed parallel

Memphis, University of

409

ICDF Complex Remedial Action Work Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Remedial Action Work Plan provides the framework for operation of the Idaho Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Disposal Facility Complex (ICDF). This facility includes (a) an engineered landfill that meets the substantial requirements of DOE Order 435.1, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Subtitle C, Idaho Hazardous Waste Management Act, and Toxic Substances Control Act polychlorinated biphenyl landfill requirements; (b) centralized receiving, inspections, administration, storage/staging, and treatment facilities necessary for CERCLA investigation-derived, remedial, and removal waste at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) prior to final disposition in the disposal facility or shipment off-Site; and (c) an evaporation pond that has been designated as a corrective action management unit. The ICDF Complex, including a buffer zone, will cover approximately 40 acres, with a landfill disposal capacity of approximately 510,000 yd3. The ICDF Complex is designed and authorized to accept INL CERCLA-generated wastes, and includes the necessary subsystems and support facilities to provide a complete waste management system. This Remedial Action Work Plan presents the operational approach and requirements for the various components that are part of the ICDF Complex. Summaries of the remedial action work elements are presented herein, with supporting information and documents provided as appendixes to this work plan that contain specific detail about the operation of the ICDF Complex. This document presents the planned operational process based upon an evaluation of the remedial action requirements set forth in the Operable Unit 3-13 Final Record of Decision.

W. M. Heileson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia #12;Hydrogen Pipeline Experience Presented By: LeRoy H. Remp Lead Project Manager Pipeline Projects #12;ppt00 3 Hydrogen Pipeline Pipeline Photos #12;ppt00 8 Pipeline Photos #12;ppt00 9 Overview of North American Air Products Hydrogen P

411

DONALD BURKHOLDER'S WORK IN MARTINGALES AND ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 21, 2010 ... ties comparing the maximal function and the square function, or quadratic variation, of martingales ... harmonic functions and potential theory, due in part to earlier work Doob,. Kakutani ... density of N is bounded by 1. ?. 2? ..... Zygmund's book [167

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Project Work Anna-Maria Liebho  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Work Anna-Maria Liebho Reusable QVT patterns for state machine model transformations Hamburg #12;Project initiated by Airbus Operations GmbH Department ECYE22 - A350 / A380 Software transformation patterns are introduced. They contain typical procedures for converting models from one design

413

Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project Control Account #: 1302 Title: WBS 1.1.11 Title Functional Manager P. Heitzenroeder Approvals Signature Date NSTX-U Project Manager R. Strykowsky 4- WBS and includes design modifications and upgrade of the coil assembly stand; procedures for assembling the Center

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

414

Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project Control Account #: 7900 Title: WBS 1.7.3 Title Functional Manager L. Dudek Approvals Signature Date NSTX-U Project Manager R. Strykowsky 4- WBS Dictionary procedures and documents to support the integrated tests, and to support performance of the pre

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

415

working with the Edinburgh Napier University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the importance of addressing and tackling climate change. It is vital we cut our carbon footprint and lead's environmental credentials and carbon footprint are becoming an increasingly high priority. Growing awareness the past year, has worked hard to produce a detailed picture of the University's carbon footprint

Maizels, Rick

416

Sciences Po Grenoble working paper n.13  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, highlighting the huge enterprise of formatting and framing the `process of `economization' (Caliskan & Callon1 Sciences Po Grenoble working paper n.13 Economic Circuits in Madagascar `Agencing of transactions leads to the emergence of what will call an economic circuit. We define an economic circuit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

[2010] FWAA 7981 Fair Work Act 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Energy, Information, Postal, Plumbing and Allied Services Union of Australia (CEPU); the Construction, Forestry, Mining, Energy Union, Construction & General Division - Western Australian Division Branch (CFMEU] The Agreement was approved by ballot which concluded on 23 September 2010. [3] Fair Work Australia must approve

418

NIH Parent Resource Packet Working for Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIH Parent Resource Packet #12;Working for Quality Child Care at NIH The NIH Child Care Board, and quality child care. · Serves as a forum for NIH child care issues and policies. · Advises the NIH regarding programs and new services. Please visit our website: http://does.ors.od.nih.gov #12;continued g

Bandettini, Peter A.

419

Wild Hypersurfaces joint work with Andrew Crabbe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wild Hypersurfaces joint work with Andrew Crabbe Graham J. Leuschke gjleusch@math.syr.edu Syracuse University Notre Dame, 6 Nov 2010 , Wild Hypersurfaces, Crabbe­Leuschke 1/14 #12;Outline Representation types in general Tame and Wild examples MCM modules over hypersurfaces Finite MCM type for hypersurfaces Tame MCM

Leuschke, Graham

420

Working Paper No. 961 Building Gorman's Nest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Paper No. 961 Building Gorman's Nest Jeffrey T. LaFrance Timothy K. M. Beatty Rulon D. Pope's Nest 1 BUILDING GORMAN'S NEST Jeffrey T. LaFrance Timothy K.M. Beatty Rulon D. Pope University to nest the rank and functional form in Gorman systems and present two large classes of demand systems

LaFrance, Jeffrey T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Autodesk MapGuide Working with Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autodesk MapGuide Enterprise Working with Resources Autodesk MapGuide Enterprise software has a powerful API (application programming interface) for manipulating resources such as feature and drawing sources, maps, layers, and layouts. Using the Resource Service API, MapGuide-based applications can

Ahmad, Sajjad

422

Curriculum Vita of Moulinath Banerjee Work Address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Institute, Calcutta, India. B.Stat.(Honors) 1995, in First Division with Distinction. Employment. Currently employed as Associate Professor of Statistics, Columbia University, New York City. Jayanta KumarCurriculum Vita of Moulinath Banerjee Work Address University of Michigan Department of Statistics

Banerjee, Moulinath

423

Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations...

424

B Plant Complex preclosure work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This preclosure work plan describes the condition of the dangerous waste treatment storage, and/or disposal (TSD) unit after completion of the B Plant Complex decommissioning Transition Phase preclosure activities. This description includes waste characteristics, waste types, locations, and associated hazards. The goal to be met by the Transition Phase preclosure activities is to place the TSD unit into a safe and environmentally secure condition for the long-term Surveillance and Maintenance (S&M) Phase of the facility decommissioning process. This preclosure work plan has been prepared in accordance with Section 8.0 of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) (Ecology et al. 1996). The preclosure work plan is one of three critical Transition Phase documents, the other two being: B Plant End Points Document (WHC-SD-WM-TPP-054) and B Plant S&M plan. These documents are prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) and its contractors with the involvement of Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). The tanks and vessels addressed by this preclosure work plan are limited to those tanks end vessels included on the B Plant Complex Part A, Form 3, Permit Application (DOE/RL-88-21). The criteria for determining which tanks or vessels are in the Part A, Form 3, are discussed in the following. The closure plan for the TSD unit will not be prepared until the Disposition Phase of the facility decommissioning process is initiated, which follows the long-term S&M Phase. Final closure will occur during the Disposition Phase of the facility decommissioning process. The Waste Encapsulation Storage Facility (WESF) is excluded from the scope of this preclosure work plan.

ADLER, J.G.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

425

Method of manufacturing a heat pipe wick with structural enhancement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Heat pipe wick structure wherein a stout sheet of perforated material overlays a high performance wick material such as stainless steel felt affixed to a substrate. The inventive structure provides a good flow path for working fluid while maintaining durability and structural stability independent of the structure (or lack of structure) associated with the wick material. In one described embodiment, a wick of randomly laid .about.8 micron thickness stainless steel fibers is sintered to a metal substrate and a perforated metal overlay.

Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Adkins, Douglas R. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM); Rawlinson, K. Scott (Albuquerque, NM); Showalter, Steven K. (Albuquerque, NM); Moss, Timothy A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

426

Airfoil structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally ``C`` configuration of the airfoil. The generally ``C`` configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion. 6 figs.

Frey, G.A.; Twardochleb, C.Z.

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

427

Airfoil structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally "C" configuration of the airfoil. The generally "C" configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion.

Frey, Gary A. (Poway, CA); Twardochleb, Christopher Z. (Alpine, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Hydrogen Storage Workshop Advanced Concepts Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ Current Status · Aerogels are the scaffold; template with organic functional groups; physisorption, acid benign ­ Inexpensive #12;Self-Assembled Nanocomposites ­ R&D Needs 1. Studying silica aerogels 2. Modifying aerogels 3. Theoretical Modeling - various chemical structures / materials 4. Functionalization

429

Work Family liFeBalancing joB and personal responsiBilities continued on page 2...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as parents, to get our child there? Think of organized sports as a serious form of play. Sports structureWork Family liFeBalancing joB and personal responsiBilities continued on page 2... Work & Family Life is distributed by companies and other organizations to their employees and clients. To see

Ginzel, Matthew

430

Programs for the work with ENSDF format files: Evaluator's editor EVE, Viewer for the nuclear level schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tools for the regular work of the nuclear data evaluator are presented: the context-dependent editor EVE and the viewer for the level schemes of nuclei from ENSDF datasets. These programs may be used by everybody who works with the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File and for the educational purposed.

G. I. Shulyak; A. A. Rodionov

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

431

EFCOG Work Management Sub-Working Group Session on Overview and Results from WP&C Assist Visits across Complex  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Slide Presentation by Donna J. Governor, EFCOG Work Management Subgroup Chair. EFCOG Work Management Subgroup--Introduction and Overview.

432

Prosthetic ankle push-off work reduces metabolic rate but not collision work in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prosthetic ankle push-off work reduces metabolic rate but not collision work in non-amputee walking prosthetic ankle push-off should decrease leading limb collision, thereby reducing overall energy requirements. We conducted a rigorous experimental test of this idea wherein ankle-foot prosthesis push

Collins, Steven H.

433

From Higher Education to Work in West Virginia Summary results for work participation and wages with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Higher Education to Work in West Virginia 2011 Summary results for work participation and Economic Research College of Business and Economics West Virginia University © Copyright 2013 WVU Research Corporation Funding for this research was provided by the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission

Mohaghegh, Shahab

434

Working times in atypical forms of employment: the special case of part-time work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market. In an Employment Survey carried out by the French National Statistics Office (INSEE), part- timeChapter 5 Working times in atypical forms of employment: the special case of part-time work Patrick Abstract: In the present article, we attempt to devise a typology of forms of part-time employment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

Clean Energy Works Oregon Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In April 2010, the City of Portland received a $20 million award from the U.S. Department of Energy, as part of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program. This award was appropriated under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), passed by President Obama in 2009. DOEs program became known as the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP). The BBNP grant objectives directed the City of Portland Bureau of Planning and Sustainability (BPS) as the primary grantee to expand the BPS-led pilot program, Clean Energy Works Portland, into Clean Energy Works Oregon (CEWO), with the mission to deliver thousands of home energy retrofits, create jobs, save energy and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.The Final Technical Report explores the successes and lessons learned from the first 3 years of program implementation.

Jacob, Andria [City of Portland] [City of Portland; Cyr, Shirley [Clean Energy Works] [Clean Energy Works

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Healthy Housing Opportunities During Weatherization Work  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the summer and early fall of 2010, the National Center for Healthy Housing interviewed people from a selection of state and local agencies that perform weatherizations on low-income housing in order to gauge their approach to improving the health and safety of the homes. The interviews provided a strong cross section of what work agencies can do, and how they go about funding this work when funds from the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) do not cover the full extent of the repairs. The report also makes recommendations for WAP in how to assist agencies to streamline and maximize the health and safety repairs they are able to make in the course of a standard weatherization.

Wilson, J.; Tohn, E.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Infrared photoemitting diode having reduced work function  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In electro-optical detectors which include as elements a photoemitting photocathode and anode, a photoemitting diode is fabricated which lowers the diode's work function, thus reducing the cooling requirement typically needed for this type of device. The work function is reduced by sandwiching between the photocathode and anode a liquid meidum of the formula NR/sub 3/ and having an electron affinity for the electrons of the photocathode, which liquid medium permits free electrons leaving the photocathode to remain as stable solvated species in the liquid medium. Thus, highly light-absorbent, and therefore thin, metallic layers can be used for detection, thereby reducing dark current at a given temperature, with a consequent reduction in cooling requirements at constant detector performance.

Hirschfeld, T.B.

1982-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

438

Reduce Steam Trap Failures at Chambers Works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrasonic Inspection At least 2 times per year Steam Trap Surveyor Submit reports to area management, energy team, and reliability engineers for each area every month Steam Trap Team Leader Control Plan ? Process Owner agrees...Reduce Steam Trap Failures at Chambers Works GB/BB Name: Cyndi Kouba Mentor/MBB: Andrew Degraff Team Members Michael Crowley(Site Energy Lead), (Charlie) Flanigan (Aramids-maintenance), Ben Snyder (Aramids-ATO), Michael Scruggs (Central...

Kouba, C.

439

Summary of the Physics Opportunities Working Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Physics Opportunities Working Group was convened with the rather general mandate to explore physic opportunities that may arise as new accelerator technologies and facilities come into play. Five topics were considered during the workshop: QED at critical field strength, novel positron sources, crystal accelerators, suppression of beamstrahlung, and muon colliders. Of particular interest was the sense that a high energy muon collider might be technically feasible and certainly deserves serious study.

Chen, Pisin [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States); McDonald, K.T. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Joseph Henry Labs.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

FLUID BIAXIAL BANANA PHASES: SYMMETRY AT WORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLUID BIAXIAL BANANA PHASES: SYMMETRY AT WORK P. E. Cladis,1 Helmut R. Brand2 and Harald Pleiner3 1. The macro- #12;P. E. Cladis, H. R. Brand and H. Pleiner Page 2 of 10 10/13/99 8:12 AM scopic expression a right-handed helix, then, -qo describes a left-handed one. As the mirror image of a right-hand is a left

Cladis, Patricia E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Macro-Industrial Working Group 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group Macroeconomic

442

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group MacroeconomicJuly

443

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group MacroeconomicJuly4

444

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group

445

Working with Us | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste and Materials Disposition InformationWindWood andEmploymentUs Working

446

Goltry Public Works Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy Resources JumpEnergyGoltry Public Works Authority

447

FY 1987 current fiscal year work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Current Year Work Plan presents a detailed description of the activities to be performed by the Joint Integration Office during FY87. It breaks down the activities into two major work areas: Program Management and Program Analysis. Program Management is performed by the JIO by providing technical planning and guidance for the development of advanced TRU waste management capabilities. This includes equipment/facility design, engineering, construction, and operations. These functions are integrated to allow transition from interim storage to final disposition. JIO tasks include program requirements identification, long-range technical planning, budget development, program planning document preparation, task guidance, task monitoring, information gathering and task reporting to DOE, interfacing with other agencies and DOE lead programs, integrating public involvement with program efforts, and preparation of program status reports for DOE. Program Analysis is performed by the JIO to support identification and assessment of alternatives, and development of long-term TRU waste program capabilities. This work plan includes: system analyses, requirements analyses, interim and procedure development, legislative and regulatory analyses, dispatch and traffic analyses, and data bases.

Not Available

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Spent Fuel Working Group Report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy is storing large amounts of spent nuclear fuel and other reactor irradiated nuclear materials (herein referred to as RINM). In the past, the Department reprocessed RINM to recover plutonium, tritium, and other isotopes. However, the Department has ceased or is phasing out reprocessing operations. As a consequence, Department facilities designed, constructed, and operated to store RINM for relatively short periods of time now store RINM, pending decisions on the disposition of these materials. The extended use of the facilities, combined with their known degradation and that of their stored materials, has led to uncertainties about safety. To ensure that extended storage is safe (i.e., that protection exists for workers, the public, and the environment), the conditions of these storage facilities had to be assessed. The compelling need for such an assessment led to the Secretary`s initiative on spent fuel, which is the subject of this report. This report comprises three volumes: Volume I; Summary Results of the Spent Fuel Working Group Evaluation; Volume II, Working Group Assessment Team Reports and Protocol; Volume III; Operating Contractor Site Team Reports. This volume presents the overall results of the Working Group`s Evaluation. The group assessed 66 facilities spread across 11 sites. It identified: (1) facilities that should be considered for priority attention. (2) programmatic issues to be considered in decision making about interim storage plans and (3) specific vulnerabilities for some of these facilities.

O`Toole, T.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Predicting and Detecting Emerging Cyberattack Patterns Using StreamWorks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The number and sophistication of cyberattacks on industries and governments have dramatically grown in recent years. To counter this movement, new advanced tools and techniques are needed to detect cyberattacks in their early stages such that defensive actions may be taken to avert or mitigate potential damage. From a cybersecurity analysis perspective, detecting cyberattacks may be cast as a problem of identifying patterns in computer network traffic. Logically and intuitively, these patterns may take on the form of a directed graph that conveys how an attack or intrusion propagates through the computers of a network. Such cyberattack graphs could provide cybersecurity analysts with powerful conceptual representations that are natural to express and analyze. We have been researching and developing graph-centric approaches and algorithms for dynamic cyberattack detection. The advanced dynamic graph algorithms we are developing will be packaged into a streaming network analysis framework known as StreamWorks. With StreamWorks, a scientist or analyst may detect and identify precursor events and patterns as they emerge in complex networks. This analysis framework is intended to be used in a dynamic environment where network data is streamed in and is appended to a large-scale dynamic graph. Specific graphical query patterns are decomposed and collected into a graph query library. The individual decomposed subpatterns in the library are continuously and efficiently matched against the dynamic graph as it evolves to identify and detect early, partial subgraph patterns. The scalable emerging subgraph pattern algorithms will match on both structural and semantic network properties.

Chin, George; Choudhury, Sutanay; Feo, John T.; Holder, Larry

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

Governance work in inter-organizational networks: driving processes and Chahira Mehouachi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, gain on transaction or productivity costs, improve inter-organizational learning, produce new knowledge1 Governance work in inter-organizational networks: driving processes and structures Chahira,version1-13Jul2013 Author manuscript, published in "29th EGOS Colloquium Sub-theme 14 Organizational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

Armor structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An armor structure includes first and second layers individually containing a plurality of i-beams. Individual i-beams have a pair of longitudinal flanges interconnected by a longitudinal crosspiece and defining opposing longitudinal channels between the pair of flanges. The i-beams within individual of the first and second layers run parallel. The laterally outermost faces of the flanges of adjacent i-beams face one another. One of the longitudinal channels in each of the first and second layers faces one of the longitudinal channels in the other of the first and second layers. The channels of the first layer run parallel with the channels of the second layer. The flanges of the first and second layers overlap with the crosspieces of the other of the first and second layers, and portions of said flanges are received within the facing channels of the i-beams of the other of the first and second layers.

Chu, Henry Shiu-Hung [Idaho Falls, ID; Lacy, Jeffrey M [Idaho Falls, ID

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Tank waste remediation system multi-year work plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Multi-Year Work Plan (MYWP) documents the detailed total Program baseline and was constructed to guide Program execution. The TWRS MYWP is one of two elements that comprise the TWRS Program Management Plan. The TWRS MYWP fulfills the Hanford Site Management System requirement for a Multi-Year Program Plan and a Fiscal-Year Work Plan. The MYWP addresses program vision, mission, objectives, strategy, functions and requirements, risks, decisions, assumptions, constraints, structure, logic, schedule, resource requirements, and waste generation and disposition. Sections 1 through 6, Section 8, and the appendixes provide program-wide information. Section 7 includes a subsection for each of the nine program elements that comprise the TWRS Program. The foundation of any program baseline is base planning data (e.g., defendable product definition, logic, schedules, cost estimates, and bases of estimates). The TWRS Program continues to improve base data. As data improve, so will program element planning, integration between program elements, integration outside of the TWRS Program, and the overall quality of the TWRS MYWP. The MYWP establishes the TWRS baseline objectives to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford waste in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The TWRS Program will complete the baseline mission in 2040 and will incur costs totalling approximately 40 billion dollars. The summary strategy is to meet the above objectives by using a robust systems engineering effort, placing the highest possible priority on safety and environmental protection; encouraging {open_quotes}out sourcing{close_quotes} of the work to the extent practical; and managing significant but limited resources to move toward final disposition of tank wastes, while openly communicating with all interested stakeholders.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is organizing the cooperation between the major nuclear data evaluation projects in the world. The NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluation, measurement, nuclear model calculation, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for cooperative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint activities in the framework of dedicated WPEC subgroups. Studies recently completed comprise a number of works related to nuclear data covariance and associated processing issues, as well as more specific studies related to the resonance parameter representation in the unresolved resonance region, the gamma production from fission-product capture reactions, the U-235 capture cross-section, the EXFOR database, and the improvement of nuclear data for advanced reactor systems. Ongoing activities focus on the evaluation of Pu-239 in the resonance region, scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range, and reporting/usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region. New activities include two new subgroups on improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies and on modern nuclear database structures. Future activities under discussion include a pilot project of a Collaborative International Evaluated Library (CIELO) and methods to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data. In addition to the above mentioned short-term, task-oriented subgroups, the WPEC also hosts a longer-term subgroup charged with reviewing and compiling the most important nuclear data requirements in a high priority request list (HPRL).

Giuseppe Palmiotti

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Phase-space structures II: Hierarchical Structure Finder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new multi-dimensional Hierarchical Structure Finder (HSF) to study the phase-space structure of dark matter in N-body cosmological simulations is presented. The algorithm depends mainly on two parameters, which control the level of connectivity of the detected structures and their significance compared to Poisson noise. By working in 6D phase-space, where contrasts are much more pronounced than in 3D position space, our HSF algorithm is capable of detecting subhaloes including their tidal tails, and can recognise other phase-space structures such as pure streams and candidate caustics. If an additional unbinding criterion is added, the algorithm can be used as a self-consistent halo and subhalo finder. As a test, we apply it to a large halo of the Millennium Simulation, where 19 % of the halo mass are found to belong to bound substructures, which is more than what is detected with conventional 3D substructure finders, and an additional 23-36 % of the total mass belongs to unbound HSF structures. The distribution of identified phase-space density peaks is clearly bimodal: high peaks are dominated by the bound structures and low peaks belong mostly to tidal streams. In order to better understand what HSF provides, we examine the time evolution of structures, based on the merger tree history. Bound structures typically make only up to 6 orbits inside the main halo. Still, HSF can identify at the present time at least 80 % of the original content of structures with a redshift of infall as high as z space.

M. Maciejewski; S. Colombi; V. Springel; C. Alard; F. R. Bouchet

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Nonlinear inverse perturbation in structural dynamics redesign of risers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Marine risers, and offshore structures in general, may have undesirable natural frequencies and/or mode shapes. Structural redesign is mandatory in such cases. An Inverse Perturbation Redesign (IPR) method, which uses only the finite element analysis of the baseline system and was developed in previous work for general structures, is extended in this work to handle systems with geometric stiffness matrices like marine risers. The IPR method is currently applicable to undamped structural systems or systems with Rayleigh damping and is valid for large or small changes which are frequently required to change modal characteristics of offshore structures.

Bernitsas, M.M.; Hoff, C.J.; Kokara kis, J.E.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

REBUILD AMERICA PROGRAM SCOPE OF WORK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities carried out by Aspen Systems Corporation in support of the Department of Energy's Rebuild America program during the period from October 9, 1999 to October 31, 2004. These activities were in accordance with the Scope of Work contained in a GSA MOBIS schedule task order issued by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report includes descriptions of activities and results in the following areas: deployment/delivery model; program and project results; program representative support activities; technical assistance; web site development and operation; business/strategic partners; and training/workshop activities. The report includes conclusions and recommendations. Five source documents are also provided as appendices.

Jeffrey Brown; Bruce Exstrum

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Date Center: Efficiency and Sustainablity at Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DATA CENTER: EFFICIENCY & SUSTAINABILITY AT WORK George Flowers on behalf of Teresa Kiker May 21, 2014 ESL-IE-14-05-17 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 SABIC SUSTAINABILITY... SUSTAINABILITY REPORT 2011 2012 ESL-IE-14-05-17 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 No. 8 HEADQUARTERS DATA CENTER UPGRADE Enabled Full Power and Cooling Redundancy Increase in processing...

Flowers, G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Going To Work: Make a Good Impression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edited by Rosemarie Hoffman Assistant Professor and Extension Individual and Family Development Specialist, The Texas A&M University System L-2364 12-99 Make a Good Impression Y our goals, self-image, personality, attitude, cleanliness and concern..., and her husband works for a local construction company. They both just got their jobs. The first thing they did was to write down some of their goals: ? Save $250 for emergencies. ? Pay off some overdue bills?furni- ture, telephone and light bill. ? Buy a...

Hoffman, Rosemarie

2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Going To Work: Look Your Best  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edited by Rosemarie Hoffman Assistant Professor and Extension Individual and Family Development Specialist, The Texas A&M University System L-2363 12-99 Look Your Best W hether you are being interviewed or are already working at a job, your... directly to the manager; do not look up at the ceiling or down at the floor. When looking for a job, never take friends or relatives with you. If an employer wants to meet your husband or wife, you will be asked to bring him or her on the second interview...

Hoffman, Rosemarie

2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

The life and work of Leonard Doughty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lomax, H. Y. Benedict, and O. M. Roberts, and received praise from J. Frank Dobie and Leonidas Payne, Jr. In other words, in Texas, a state which has been able to count few poets among its citizens, Leonard Doughty is a name which should... CHRONOLOGY OF THE WORKS OF LEONARD DOUGHTY 376 380 395 VITA 405 INTRODUCTION AND A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE In his essay in The Southwest Review, "A Magazine and Its Editors, " J. Frank Dobie said this about Leonard Doughty: The review has always...

Grant, Lyman Winstead

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "work breakdown structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Studies in the Work of Colley Cibber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gratitude to Professor R. D. (VLeary, of the University of Kansas, who has read these pages in manuscript and in proof, and has offered many valuable suggestions. D. C. C. University of Kansas, October, 1912. STUDIES IN THE WORK OF COLLEY GIBBER DeWitt..., and to adjust the characters so that there is no glaring inconsistency, is surely no slight feat. 44. Jacob, Poetical Register, p. 38, ugg<*8t Otway'a Parr Ihnl ft hat i. The Atheist) as the source of the play, but it would tak a vivid imagination to see...

Croissant, De Witt C.

1912-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Durability Working Group | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing the Circle:Durability Working Group

463

Work Plans & Manuals | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless or Demand-TypeWelcome toFarm Growth ThroughWomen @Work

464

Working At DOE | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless or Demand-TypeWelcome toFarm Growth ThroughWomen @WorkAt

465

Working with Us | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless or Demand-TypeWelcome toFarm Growth ThroughWomen @WorkAtUs

466

UNIRIB: How to Work with Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlong version) The0 - 20 Publications 1.How to Work With

467

How Fuel Cells Work | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.ProgramJulietip sheetK-4In 2013Department of Energy TruckSolar Works 32

468

How Solar Works | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.ProgramJulietip sheetK-4In 2013Department of EnergyFuel Cells Work 30

469

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinterYearFeet)perWesternPipeline2Gas inWorking and

470

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinterYearFeet)perWesternPipeline2Gas inWorking

471

Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinterYearFeet)perWesternPipeline2Gas inWorkingNet

472

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Working with Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohn F. Geisz, Ph.D.Solar Energy ResearchWorking with Us

473

WIPP AT WORK | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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474

Work Authorization System | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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475

Photoelectrochemical Working Group | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket | DepartmentPhotoelectrochemical Working Group meets

476

Sandia National Laboratories: Working with Sandia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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477

Work For Others Agreements | Partnerships | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14 Sales of4) MonthlyWork &

478

Working with SRNL - Our Facilities - Glovebox Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14Working WithGlovebox Facilities

479

Working with SRNL - Technology Transfer - Contacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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480

Working with SRNL - Technology Transfer - Ombudsman  

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481

Working with SRNL - Technology Transfer - Tech Briefs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14WorkingPrimaryWasteTech

482

Fermilab at Work | Communications and Outreach  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayne State

483

Fermilab at Work | Directories and Maps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayne StateDirectories/Maps

484

Work Schedules | National Nuclear Security Administration  

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485

Working with CFTF | ornl.gov  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWoodAnalysisCFTF Working with

486

Working with MDF | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhatFellowsWoodAnalysisCFTF Working

487

Working with SRNL - Our Facilities - Main Campus  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL main campus Working with SRNL Our

488

Fermilab at Work | Manuals and Forms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab NowLab Life

489

Fermilab at Work | Physics Links: HEP Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayneFermilab NowLab Life

490

Fermilab | Fermilab at Work | Labwide calendar information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall15.000 Rev.Group MembersFermilab at Work Navbar

491

Strategic Initiatives Work Group | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartmentDepartment ofTheStevenWork Group,

492

Interagency Working Groups | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIan KalinResearch, Development,CoP) Charter |Working Groups

493

Oregon Iron Works Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is a county in Florida.TransportationWorks Inc

494

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department ofDepartmentLieve Laurens Women @ContractWorking Fluids Low GWP

495

Working Fluids: Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department ofDepartmentLieve Laurens Women @ContractWorking Fluids Low

496

Working at NNSA | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledoSampling at theOfficials toPeopleGallery |Working

497

Sandia National Laboratories: Work for Others  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wave EnergyLinks WaterWindSandia WindWindWork for

498

Contact Us - Working With Us | NREL  

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499

NREL: Buildings Research - Working With Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEvents Below are upcomingWorking With Us

500

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Working with Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements ofLiz TorresSolectria Photo of two men in aWorking