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1

Windy Gap Firming Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windy Gap Firming Project Windy Gap Firming Project Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Windy Gap Firming Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement, DOE/EIS-0370 (cooperating agency) Western's proposed action is to relocate approximately 3.8 miles of the existing Estes to Lyons 115-kilovolt transmission line, if the Chimney Hollow Reservoir alternative is constructed. The line would be moved outside the area proposed for the reservoir, and Western would ensure the new location would allow the agency to continue to operate and maintain it. Section 2.4.1.4 of the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 1 provides more information on the transmission line relocation proposal. The U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation is the Lead Agency for the National Environmental Policy Act Review. Cooperating agencies are Western, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Grand County, Colo.

2

EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado Summary This EIS, prepared by the Department of the Interior (Bureau of Reclamation, Great...

3

Windy Gap Firming Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

action is to relocate approximately 3.8 miles of the existing Estes to Lyons 115-kilovolt transmission line, if the Chimney Hollow Reservoir alternative is constructed. The line...

4

EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS, prepared by the Department of the Interior (Bureau of Reclamation, Great Plains Region), with DOE's Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct new water storage reservoir capacity southwest of Loveland, Colorado. Western has jurisdiction over the transmission line that would be relocated if the proposed action is implemented and would market additional power that may be generated as a result of the project.

5

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Appendix A EIS Scoping Report GRANBY PUMPING PLANT - WINDY GAP TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD PROJECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SCOPING SUMMARY REPORT December 4, 2007

6

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

7

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation 00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

8

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project FEIS Executive Summary ES-1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction Western Area Power Administration (Western), a power marketing administration within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is proposing to rebuild and upgrade the Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation transmission line in Grand County, Colorado (Grand County). This Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) analyzes the impacts associated with the proposal to remove approximately 13.6 miles of 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line, construct approximately

9

Windy Flats | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flats Flats Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Facility Windy Flats Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

Windy Dog I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windy Dog I Windy Dog I Facility Windy Dog I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Windy Dog I LLC Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Lake Benton MN Coordinates 44.285°, -96.4342° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.285,"lon":-96.4342,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Windy Flats Phase III | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase III Phase III Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Phase III Facility Windy Flats Phase III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location Goldendale WA Coordinates 45.76201437°, -120.5455971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.76201437,"lon":-120.5455971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

12

Windy Flats IIa extension | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IIa extension IIa extension Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats IIa extension Facility Windy Flats IIa extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Facility Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Great Escape Restaurant Location Schiller Park IL Coordinates 41.95547°, -87.865193° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.95547,"lon":-87.865193,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Windy City Renewable Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windy City Renewable Energy LLC Windy City Renewable Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Windy City Renewable Energy LLC Name Windy City Renewable Energy LLC Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60606 Sector Solar Product SHW & PV Year founded 2008 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 312-685-9273 Website http://www.windycityrenewablee Coordinates 41.8817767°, -87.6371461° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.8817767,"lon":-87.6371461,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Windy Point - Siemens Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windy Point - Siemens Wind Farm Windy Point - Siemens Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Point - Siemens Wind Farm Facility Windy Point - Siemens Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon/Tuolumne Wind Project Authority Developer Cannon/Tuolumne Wind Project Authority Energy Purchaser Turlock Irrigation District and Walnut Energy Center Authority Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Facility Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Plowing with precedence: A variant of the windy postman problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In winter, a common problem is to determine the route that a snowplow should take in order to minimize the distance traveled. We propose a variant of this arc routing problem that is motivated by the fact that deadhead travel over streets that have already ... Keywords: Arc routing, Precedence, Snow plowing, Windy postman problem

Benjamin Dussault; Bruce Golden; Chris GroR; Edward Wasil

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Windy Point (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Point (08) Wind Farm Point (08) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Point (08) Wind Farm Facility Windy Point (08) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Developer Cannon Energy Purchaser Puget Sound Energy Coordinates 45.822958°, -120.819003° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.822958,"lon":-120.819003,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Big Windy Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Big Windy Hot Springs Geothermal Area Big Windy Hot Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Big Windy Hot Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":65.2292,"lon":-144.4986,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

Windy Point - REpower (09) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Point - REpower (09) Wind Farm Point - REpower (09) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Point - REpower (09) Wind Farm Facility Windy Point - REpower (09) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon/Tuolumne Wind Project Authority Developer Cannon/Tuolumne Wind Project Authority Energy Purchaser Turlock Irrigation District and Walnut Energy Center Authority Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Windy Point Wind Energy Project.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of 250 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Windy Point Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Windy Point Partners, LLC (WPP) propose to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's Rock Creek Substation, which is under construction in Klickitat County, Washington. The Rock Creek Substation will provide transmission access for the Wind Project to BPA's Wautoma-John Day No.1 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line. BPA's decision to offer terms to interconnect the Wind Project is consistent with BPA's Business Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS) (DOE/EIS-0183, June 1995), and the Business Plan Record of Decision (BP ROD, August 15, 1995). This decision thus is tiered to the BP ROD.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

EIS-0370: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0370: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Windy Gap Firming Project,...

23

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Windy Point Wind Energy Project (DOE/EIS-0183) (11/29/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windy Point Wind Energy Project Windy Point Wind Energy Project November 2006 B o n n e v i l l e P o w e r A d m i n i s t r a t i o n 1 INTRODUCTION The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of 250 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Windy Point Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Windy Point Partners, LLC (WPP) propose to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. 1 The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's Rock Creek Substation, which is under construction in Klickitat County, Washington. The Rock Creek Substation will provide transmission access for the Wind Project to BPA's Wautoma-John Day No.1 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line.

24

An assessment of the available windy land area and wind energy potential in the contiguous United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Estimates of land areas with various levels of wind energy resource and resultant wind energy potential have been developed for each state in the contiguous United States. The estimates are based on published wind resource data and account for the exclusion of some windy lands as a result of environmental and land-use considerations. Despite these exclusions, the amount of wind resource estimated over the contiguous United States is surprisingly large and has the potential to supply a substantial fraction of the nation's energy needs, even with the use of today's wind turbine technology. Although this study shows that, after exclusions, only about 0.6% of the land area in the contiguous United States is characterized by high wind resource (comparable to that found in windy areas of California where wind energy is being cost-effectively developed), the wind electric potential that could be extracted with today's technology from these areas across the United States is equivalent to about 20% of the current US electric consumption. Future advances in wind turbine technology will further enhance the potential of wind energy. As advances in turbine technology allow areas of moderate wind resource to be developed, more than a tenfold increase in the wind energy potential is possible. These areas, which cover large sections of the Great Plains and are widely distributed throughout many other sections of the country, have the potential of producing more than three times the nation's current electric consumption. 9 refs., 12 figs., 13 tabs.

Elliott, D.L.; Wendell, L.L.; Gower, G.L.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement Statement Executive Summary FES 11-29 Cooperating Agencies: * Grand County * U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration DOE/EIS-0370 * U.S. Army Corps of Engineers November 2011 ES-1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT WINDY GAP FIRMING PROJECT INTRODUCTION The Windy Gap Firming Project (WGFP) is a proposed water supply project that would provide more reliable water deliveries to Colorado's Front Range and West Slope communities and industries. The Municipal Subdistrict, Northern Colorado Water Conservancy District (Northern Water) acting by and through the Windy Gap Firming Project Water

26

A wind turbine blade is ready to be lifted into place at the Windy Point Wind Farm in the Columbia River Gorge. Photo: C. Bruce Forster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wind turbine blade is ready to be lifted into place at the Windy Point Wind Farm in the Columbia with juvenile bypass systems to keep the smolts out of the turbines. But given the gravity of the [salmon 1956 12 MW Chief Joseph Columbia, WA 1958 2,458 MW Cougar McKenzie, OR 1963 25 MW Detroit Santiam

27

2010FirmRateAdj  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Peaking Revenue Requirement 320.2 million P-SMPB--ED Composite Rate 33.25 millskWh Firm Demand 7.65kWmo Firm Energy 19.05 millskWh Firm Peaking Demand 6.90kWmo Firm...

28

Price Dispersion on the Internet: Good Firms and Bad Firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Internet firms charge a wide range of prices for homogeneous products, and high-priced firms remain high-priced and low-priced firms remain low-priced over long periods. One explanation is that high-price firms are charging a premium for superior service. An alternative, price-dispersion explanation is that firms vary the prices for informed and uniformed consumers (Salop and Stiglitz, 1977) or serious shoppers and others (Wilde and Schwartz, 1979). The pricing pattern for a digital camera and a flatbed scanner is consistent with the price-dispersion model and inconsistent with the service-premium hypothesis. I.

Kathy Baylis; Jeffrey M. Perloff

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Where do firms manage earnings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite decades of research on how, why, and when companies manage earnings, there is a paucity of evidence about the geographic location of earnings management within multinational firms. In this study, we examine where ...

Dyreng, Scott D.

30

Multinational Firms and Heterogeneous Labor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the presence of increasing specialization of workers it becomes more and more difficult for firms to find the most suitable ones. In such an environment a multinational enterprise (MNE) has an advantage because it can exchange workers between plants in different countries. Recruiting from the home and foreign plant leads to a larger labor market pool for an MNE, reducing the mismatch of its workforce. This paper analyzes the consequences of this advantage for production, employment, prices and wages. We find that the additional ability to recruit workers from the home and foreign labor market leads to lower mismatch, higher average productivity of workers, lower prices, higher output, and higher employment of a plant of an MNE as compared to a national firm, while the wage-effects depend on firm productivity. These facts are well in line with recent empirical findings.

Mario Larch; Wolfgang Lechthaler; Mario Larch; Wolfgang Lechthaler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Grandby Pumping Plant Switchyard Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO

32

EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO

33

EIS-0400: Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO

34

Productivity and the Sourcing Modes of Multinational Firms: Evidence from French Firm-Level Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of a firms total factor productivity in its decision to import from its affiliates rather than from independent input suppliers. We propose a slightly modified version of the Antrs and Helpman (2004) model. We assume higher fixed costs under outsourcing and a firm-specific production function. We use detailed French firm-level data that provides a geographical breakdown of French firms import at product level and their sourcing modes in 1999. We find strong empirical support for the theoretical predictions of the model. In particular, high-productivity firms that have a production process intensive in suppliers inputs, source their inputs through independent foreign suppliers.

Fabrice Defever; Farid Toubal

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Productivity and the Sourcing Modes of Multinational Firms: Evidence from French Firm-Level Data ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of firms total factor productivity in its decision to import from their affiliates rather than from independent input suppliers. We propose a slightly modified version of the Antrs and Helpman (2004) model. We assume higher fixed costs under outsourcing and a firm-specific production function. We use detailed French firm-level data that provides a geographical breakdown of French firms import at product level and their sourcing modes in 1999. We find strong empirical support for the theoretical predictions of the model. In particular, high-productivity firms that have a production process intensive in suppliers inputs source their inputs through independent foreign suppliers.

Fabrice Defever A; Farid Toubal B; Gianmarco Ottaviano; Frdric Robert-nicoud; Jean-marc Siroen For

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Definition: Firm Transmission Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition No reegle definition available. Also Known As Firm services Related Terms transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, smart grid References ...

37

PERSPECTIVE: The Myth of Firm Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Firm performance is one of the most prominent concepts in organizational research. Despite its importance, and despite the many developmental critiques that have appeared over the years, performance continues to be a difficult concept to apply in a scientifically ... Keywords: change, concept-measure mismatches, firm performance, legitimacy

C. Chet Miller, Nathan T. Washburn, William H. Glick

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO (DOE/EIS-0400)(08/10/07)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

040 Federal Register 040 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 154 / Friday, August 10, 2007 / Notices g. Filed Pursuant to: 18 CFR 4.200. h. Applicant Contact: David Lovely, Hydro Supervisor, Madison Paper Industries, P.O. Box 129, 3 Main Street, Madison, Maine 04950-0129, (207) 696- 1225. i. FERC Contact: Robert Bell, (202) 502-6062. j. Deadline for filing comments, motions to intervene and protest: August 20, 2007. Please include the project number (P- 2365-040) on any comments or motions filed. All documents (original and seven copies) should be filed with: Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 888 First Street, NE., Washington, DC 20426. Comments, protests, and interventions may be filed electronically via the Internet in lieu of paper, see 18 CFR

39

Flow through Discovery Gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A narrow gap (Discovery Gap) in the East Azores Fracture Zone at 37N in the eastern Atlantic provides a channel for the exchange of bottom water between the Madeira and Iberian abyssal basins. A detailed survey defines its length (150 km), width ...

P. M. Saunders

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Economic Activity of Firms and Asset Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this review we survey the recent research on the fundamental determinants of stock returns. These studies explore how firms' systematic risk and their investment and production decisions are jointly determined in ...

Kogan, Leonid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Firm Size And Higher Education Graduate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Tables 1. West Virginia Public Higher Education Graduate Work Participation By Area Of Concentration .................................................................................................1 Employment And Annualized Wages By West Virginia Firm Employment Size.....................................................18 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................19

Mohaghegh, Shahab

42

Empirical essays on firm behavior in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I study the behavior of industrial firms in India in the electricity market and with respect to locational choice and environmental regulation. In the first chapter, I study the competitive effects of ...

Ryan, Nicholas (Nicholas James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Essays on taxation and firm behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine the impact of tax policy of firm behavior. The first chapter uses new well-level production data on California oil wells and after-tax producer prices to estimate how ...

Rao, Nirupama S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Do Firms Choose Their Stock Liquidity? A Study of Innovative Firms and Their Stock Liquidity ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We ask whether firms can choose, or at least influence, their stock liquidity. We analyze a sample of firms that, we hypothesize, will value stock liquidity more than other firms innovative firms that primarily hold intangible assets and expect to raise capital from the stock market. Consistent with their reliance on equity markets, we find that innovative firms have higher liquidity and that they take a variety of actions (e.g., frequent earnings guidance, stock splits etc) that help keep their stock more liquid. Maintaining liquidity appears to be less of a concern when innovative firms have greater access to other sources of capital. Given their low leverage, there is greater reliance on monitoring by large equity-holders and incentive contracts to help resolve agency issues, rather than banks or other creditors: consistent with the greater institutional ownership, higher likelihood of blockholders, and more incentivized CEO compensation contracts in these firms. The marginal impact on firm value (Tobins Q) of a plausibly exogenous increase in liquidity (e.g., following decimalization of stock prices) is greater for innovative firms, especially when CEOs have strong incentive contracts. Innovative activity tends to increase in the wake of such liquidity enhancements.

Nishant Dass; Vikram N; Steven Chong Xiao; Nikunj Kapadia; Simi Kedia; Pete Kyle; Er Ljungqvist

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Hierarchical sizing and biasing of analog firm intellectual properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hierarchical sizing and biasing methodology for analog firm intellectual properties (IPs) is presented. An analog firm IP designates an unsized transistor netlist of an analog circuit. The methodology sizes and biases an analog firm IP by automatically ... Keywords: Analog design, Analog firm IP, Modeling, Reuse, Simulation, Sizing, Synthesis

Ramy Iskander; Marie-Minerve LouRat; Andreas Kaiser

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Inception report and Gap analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inception report and Gap analysis Boiler inspection Riga, June 2004 #12;Inception report and gap analysis ­ boiler inspection Table of Content 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 3 2 BOILER INSTALLATIONS ­ GAP ANALYSIS

47

Fiber optic gap gauge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lightweight, small size, high sensitivity gauge for indirectly measuring displacement or absolute gap width by measuring axial strain in an orthogonal direction to the displacement/gap width. The gap gauge includes a preferably titanium base having a central tension bar with springs connecting opposite ends of the tension bar to a pair of end connector bars, and an elongated bow spring connected to the end connector bars with a middle section bowed away from the base to define a gap. The bow spring is capable of producing an axial strain in the base proportional to a displacement of the middle section in a direction orthogonal to the base. And a strain sensor, such as a Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensor, is connected to measure the axial strain in the base, so that the displacement of the middle section may be indirectly determined from the measurement of the axial strain in the base.

Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Larsen, Greg J. (Brentwood, CA); Sanchez, Roberto J. (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

The effect of own-firm and other-firm experience on foreign direct investment survival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that foreign firms operating in a host country generate information spillovers that have potential value for later foreign direct investment. We test two predictions. First, we expect foreign direct investments by firms with experience in a host country to be more likely to survive than investments made by first-time entrants. Second, foreign direct investments will be more likely to survive the greater the foreign presence in the target industry at the time of investment, subject to two contingencies. The first contingency is that the relationship will be weak or nonexistent among firms with no experience in the host country, because these firms have difficulty evaluating and taking advantage of the information spillovers. The second contingency is that the presence of other foreign firms will not affect investment survival among firms that already have a presence in the target industry and undertake expansion. These firms already possess general information about the target industries and are unlikely to gain additional benefit from information spillovers. We find supportive evidence based on the survival to 1992 among 354 U.S. investments undertaken by foreign firms in manufacturing industries

J. Myles Shaver; Will Mitchell; Bernard Yeung

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry Erik and public rms using a unique dataset of onshore U.S. natural gas producers. In rm-level regressions we nd that investments by private rms are 68% less responsive to changes in natural gas prices, a measure that captures

Lin, Xiaodong

50

Are New IT-Enabled Investment Opportunities Diminishing for Firms?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today, few firms could survive for very long without their computer systems. IT has permeated every corner of firms. Firms have reached the current state in their use of IT because IT has provided myriad opportunities for firms to improve performance ... Keywords: IT and firm performance, IT value, business value of IT, event study, financial market evaluation, information technology industry, macroeconomic news, stock price volatility

Brian L. Dos Santos; Zhiqiang (Eric) Zheng; Vijay S. Mookerjee; Hongyu Chen

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Uncertainties in Gapped Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by graphene-based quantum computer we examine the time-dependence of the position-momentum and position-velocity uncertainties in the monolayer gapped graphene. The effect of the energy gap to the uncertainties is shown to appear via the Compton-like wavelength $\\lambda_c$. The uncertainties in the graphene are mainly contributed by two phenomena, spreading and zitterbewegung. While the former determines the uncertainties in the long-range of time, the latter gives the highly oscillation to the uncertainties in the short-range of time. The uncertainties in the graphene are compared with the corresponding values for the usual free Hamiltonian $\\hat{H}_{free} = (p_1^2 + p_2^2) / 2 M$. It is shown that the uncertainties can be under control within the quantum mechanical law if one can choose the gap parameter $\\lambda_c$ freely.

Eylee Jung; Kwang S. Kim; DaeKil Park

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

52

Macroeconomic Conditions, Firm Characteristics, and ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

rate as well as the dynamics of the asset value of the issuing firm. ..... each credit rating over a given horizon, the calibration yields a distinctive value of ..... Conference in Venice, Italy, the 2004 FMA Annual Meeting in New Orleans, and at...

53

Multiple gap photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple gap photovoltaic device having a transparent electrical contact adjacent a first cell which in turn is adjacent a second cell on an opaque electrical contact, includes utilizing an amorphous semiconductor as the first cell and a crystalline semiconductor as the second cell.

Dalal, Vikram L. (Newark, DE)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Inquiries into the behavior of emerging market firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses two aspects of firm behavior in emerging markets. Chapters 1 and 3 consider the decision of firms to borrow in domestic or foreign currency and the implications of this decision on fixed capital ...

Cowan, Kevin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Impact of Forest Certification on Firm Financial Performance in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

empirically the impact of environmental certification on firm financial performance ... QMI: Quality Management Institute; SFI: Sustainable. Forestry Initiative; SCS:...

56

Definition: Non-Firm Transmission Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

available. Also Known As Interruptible Load or Interruptible Demand Related Terms transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, firm transmission service,...

57

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

58

Colorado Gap Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Colorado Gap Analysis Colorado Gap Analysis 2 The Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP) BCAP is a non-profit advocacy organization established in 1994 as a joint initiative of the Alliance to Save Energy, the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, and the Natural Resources Defense Council. BCAP focuses on providing state and local governments in the U.S., as well as stakeholder organizations, with support on code adoption and implementation through direct assistance, research, data analysis, and coordination with other activities and allies. With over sixteen years of experience supporting numerous state energy offices and city building departments, along with tracking code activities across the country, BCAP is well-positioned to assist in local and statewide activity to advance

59

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

60

Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ethiopia UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

62

Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, South Africa, Vietnam UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

63

Exporting licensing regulations affecting US geothermal firms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document presents a brief introduction and overview of the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations which might affect potential US geothermal goods exporters. It is intended to make US geothermal firms officials aware of the existence of such regulations and to provide them with references, contacts and phone numbers where they can obtain specific and detailed information and assistance. It must be stressed however, that the ultimate responsibility for complying with the above mentioned regulations lies with the exporter who must consult the complete version of the regulations.

Not Available

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electricity Cost and Firm Performance: Evidence from India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the widely acknowledged importance of infrastructure for economic growth, there has been relatively little research on how infrastructure affects the decisions of firms. Using data on Indian manufacturing firms, this paper provides evidence on how electricity prices affect a firms industry choice and productivity growth. I construct an instrument for electricity price as the interaction between the price of coal paid by power utilities, which is arguably exogenous to firm characteristics, and the initial share of thermal generation in a states total electricity generation capacity. I find that, in response to an exogenous increase in electricity price, firms reduce their electricity consumption and switch to industries with less electricity-intensive production processes. I also find that firm output, machine intensity and labor productivity decline with an increase in electricity price. In addition to these level effects, I show that firm output and productivity growth rates are negatively affected by high electricity prices. These results suggest that electricity constraints faced by firms may limit a countrys growth by leading firms to operate in industries with fewer productivity-enhancing opportunities.

Ama Baafra Abeberese

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

GenII Gap Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GENII-Gap Analysis GENII-Gap Analysis Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: GENII Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety, and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 GENII Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii GENII Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report FOREWORD This document provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of GENII, a radiological dispersion computer code, relative to established requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis", is performed to meet commitment 4.2.1.3 of the Department of

66

MACCS2 Final Gap Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MACCS2-Gap Analysis MACCS2-Gap Analysis Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: MACCS2 Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 MACCS2 Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii MACCS2 Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the radiological dispersion computer code, MACCS2, relative to established software requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis", is performed to meet commitment 4.2.1.3 of the

67

Gap and stripline combined monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined gap and stripline monitor device (10) for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchotron radiation facility. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions (11a, 11b) with an axial gap (12) therebetween. An outer pipe (14) cooperates with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips (23a-d) cooperate with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length.

Yin, Yan (Palo Alto, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Gap and stripline combined monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined gap and stripline monitor device for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchrotron radiation facility is disclosed. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions with an axial gap therebetween. An outer pipe cooperates with the first beam pipe portion to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips cooperate with the first beam pipe portion to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length. 4 figs.

Yin, Y.

1986-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

REQUESTS FOR PAYMENTS UNDER FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS  

REQUESTS FOR PAYMENTS UNDER FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS Author: wshelto Last modified by: wshelto Created Date: 2/28/2008 3:26:00 PM Company:

70

Analysis of Firm Transportation Contracts: Results and Methodology  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The pipeline companies must provide firm transportation ... 1996, no rollover amount, and a contract length of 1 year or more. Energy Information ...

71

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SF 6432-FP (072013) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS...

72

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

firm recently became the newest licensee of technology developed at the Y-12 National Security Complex. MK Technologies Corporation is now the exclusive commercial patent...

73

Abrupt Onset of a Second Energy Gap at the Superconducting Transition of Underdoped Bi2212  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The superconducting gap--an energy scale tied to the superconducting phenomena--opens on the Fermi surface at the superconducting transition temperature ({Tc}) in conventional BCS superconductors. In underdoped high-{Tc} superconducting copper oxides, a pseudogap (whose relation to the superconducting gap remains a mystery) develops well above {Tc}. Whether the pseudogap is a distinct phenomenon or the incoherent continuation of the superconducting gap above {Tc} is one of the central questions in high-{Tc} research. Although some experimental evidence suggests that the two gaps are distinct, this issue is still under intense debate. A crucial piece of evidence to firmly establish this two-gap picture is still missing: a direct and unambiguous observation of a single-particle gap tied to the superconducting transition as function of temperature. Here we report the discovery of such an energy gap in underdoped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} in the momentum space region overlooked in previous measurements. Near the diagonal of Cu-O bond direction (nodal direction), we found a gap that opens at {Tc} and has a canonical (BCS-like) temperature dependence accompanied by the appearance of the so-called Bogoliubov quasi-particles, a classical signature of superconductivity. This is in sharp contrast to the pseudogap near the Cu-O bond direction (antinodal region) measured in earlier experiments

Lee, W.S.; Vishik, I.M.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL; Tanaka, K.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL /LBNL, ALS; Lu, D.H.; Sasagawa, T.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL; Nagaosa, N.; /Tokyo U.; Devereaux, T.P.; /Waterloo U.; Hussain, Z.; /LBNL, ALS; Shen, Z.X.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

74

IS Planning autonomy in US subsidiaries of multinational firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research has suggested that information systems planning is an important challenge to managers of multinational firms. Although studies have examined marketing, finance, and manufacturing, limited research has considered IS planning autonomy in such ... Keywords: IS planning, agency theory, autonomy, corporate governance theory, multinational firms

Dinesh A. Mirchandani; Albert L. Lederer

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Goal Orientation as Shaping the Firm's Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firms top decision makers cannot possibly know what decisions to make. Rather, decision makers must interpret their situations and make the best possible decision based upon their interpretation of their situations. In this dissertation, I examine decision-makers goal orientations as influencing how they interpret their situations and then respond through making decisions in terms of their firms entrepreneurial orientations. I also examine whether these decisions influence firm performance. I surveyed top firm decision makers in the Association of Former Students database at Texas A and M University. The hypotheses were tested using a structural equation modeling. Using a sample of 273 firms, I find that decision-makers goal orientations shape their firms entrepreneurial orientations, which in turn influence firm growth, relative performance, and expected future performance. Possessing a learning goal orientation was found to be positively related to innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk taking. A performance prove goal orientation was positively related to innovativeness, whereas a performance avoid goal orientation was negatively related to innovativeness and risk taking. Only a proactive firm posture was found to be positively related to firm performance. The results for this dissertation provide compelling support for upper echelons theory. Decision-makers finer-grained personal attributes are found to shape firm-level outcomes. More specifically, decision-makers goal orientations are found to shape the firms entrepreneurial orientation and, to some extent, performance. Interestingly, coarse-grained personal attributes captured in demographic proxies and used as control variables in the analyses did not provide consistent support for upper echelons theory. The results suggest that scholars need to take a finer-grained perspective of upper echelons theory. A substantial amount of research has established the link between individuals goal orientations and how they interpret and respond to their situations. The research here has extended this relationship to the top decision-making context in firms where individuals face strong situational forces caused by uncertainty, complexity, and dynamism. I hope that this research encourages other scholars to (1) examine more complex models of how decision-makers personal attributes influence their entrepreneurial decisions in terms of both recognizing and exploiting opportunities, and (2) examine other finer-grained attributes of top decision makers within a finer-grained framework of the decision-making process.

Webb, Justin W.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ghana UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

77

Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Mexico UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

78

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency: Press Release, July 31, 2006 announcing an energy efficiency action plan. More than 80 energy, environmental and other organizations announced commitments and public statements in support of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE), which provides energy consumers and providers information on policies and techniques to save money as well as protect the environment. Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency More Documents & Publications Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan

79

Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Morocco UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

80

Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Why you should design to earn the ENERGY STAR Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Why new doesn't always mean efficient Follow EPA's step-by-step process ENERGY STAR Challenge for Architects Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Facebook data center Hundreds of leading A/E firms have already partnered

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

82

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy...

83

FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE Jump to: navigation, search Name FirmGreen Energy Inc (FGE) Place Irvine, California Zip 92612 Product FirmGreen Energy Inc is an integrated energy company participating in virtually all aspects of the global green energy business. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

84

Coverage of Independent Audits of For-Profit Firms  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government need an audit? Can the audit be integrated with the regular audit of a firm's financial statements? What are the objectives of the audit? What is the source of the...

85

Fact Sheet: Wind Firming EnergyFarm (October 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institute (EPRI). The EnergyFarm will displace a planned 73 million natural-gas-fired power plant intended to smooth (or firm) the output of intermittent wind and solar energy....

86

The influence of institutional investors on firm value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

Lee, Yong Seung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by local engineering firm ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cleaning technology ... Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by local engineering firm Posted: October 31, 2012 - 10:00am MK Technologies CEO and founder Mike Carroll and director of...

88

Investment and Bidding Strategies in Markets for Firm Transmission Rights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first part of this paper addresses the applicability of the Markowitz portfolio theory to investing in Contracts for Firm Transmission Right (CFTRs) or Transmission Congestion Contracts (TCCs) typical for electricity markets in Northeastern US (PJM, ...

Aleksandr Rudkevich

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

When governments break contracts : foreign firms in emerging economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emerging economy governments commit to protect the property rights of foreign firms through a variety of contracts, from treaties to direct agreements. In an era of liberalized capital flows, these contracts are thought ...

Wellhausen, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Bridging Gaps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bridging Gaps Bridging Gaps Bridging Gaps Analysis to identify issues, best practices, and recommendations Implementation of modernization, infrastructure planning, and sustainability efforts Evaluation of planning practices to develop an adaptable method that considers revitalization and reuse Analysis of issues with transfers at less than fair market value and recommendations for improvement Evaluation of the Ten-Year (25-year) Site Plans for revitalization and strategic planning interests Tools to be incorporated into programmatic business models and processes Best-practices guide for energy projects Guidance and recommendations to improve the 10 CFR 770 process and less-than-fair-market-value transfers Tools/checklist to evaluate assets for reuse as part of planning

91

Gap-Leaping Vortical Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-parameter family of exact solutions describing the bifurcation of a steady two-dimensional current with uniform vorticity near a gap in a thin barrier is found. The unsteady evolution of source-driven flows toward these steady states is ...

N. Robb McDonald; E. R. Johnson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Multiple input electrode gap controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling vacuum arc remelting (VAR) furnaces by estimation of electrode gap based on a plurality of secondary estimates derived from furnace outputs. The estimation is preferably performed by Kalman filter. Adaptive gain techniques may be employed, as well as detection of process anomalies such as glows. 17 figs.

Hysinger, C.L.; Beaman, J.J.; Melgaard, D.K.; Williamson, R.L.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

93

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency July 31, 2006 - 9:30am Addthis (San Francisco, Calif. - July 31, 2006) More than 80 energy, environmental and other organizations announced commitments and public statements in support of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE), released today, which provides energy consumers and providers information on policies and techniques to save money as well as protect the environment. By adopting the plan's recommendations on low-cost, under-used energy efficiency, Americans could save hundreds of billions of dollars on their gas and electric utility bills, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and lower the costs for energy and pollution controls.

94

Industry Recommendations: Characteristics, Investment Value, and Relation to Firm Recommendations *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study analysts industry recommendations. We find that the distribution of industry recommendations is quite balanced. Analysts show more optimism towards industries with high levels of R&D, past profitability and past returns, as well as industries in which they are active as underwriters. Industry recommendations possess investment value as portfolios based on these recommendations generate abnormal returns. Finally, industry recommendations contain information which is orthogonal to that included in firm recommendations. Analysts benchmark their firm recommendations to industry peers regardless of their disclosures. Consequently, the investment value of analysts recommendations is enhanced when both industry and firm recommendations are used. An earlier version of this paper was circulated under the title Do Industry Recommendations Have

Ohad Kadan; Leonardo Madureira; Rong Wang; Tzachi Zach; Reuven Lehavy; Roni Michaely; Brian Richter; Ajai Singh; Brett Trueman; Seminar Participants

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

THE ENERGY GAP IN NUCLEAR MATTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W-7405-eng-48 THE ENERGY GAP IN NUCLEAR MATTER V. J. Emery31, 1960 .po THE ENERGY GAP IN NUCLEAR HNrTEh V. J. ? :merysingle-particle energy in nuclear matter. The internucleon

Emery, V.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Spark gap with low breakdown voltage jitter  

SciTech Connect

Novel spark gap devices and electrodes are disclosed. The novel spark gap devices and electrodes are suitable for use in a variety of spark gap device applications. The shape of the electrodes gives rise to local field enhancements and reduces breakdown voltage jitter. Breakdown voltage jitter of approximately 5% has been measured in spark gaps according the invention. Novel electrode geometries and materials are disclosed.

Rohwein, Gerald J. (Albuquerque, NM); Roose, Lars D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Firms as Incubators of Open-Source Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many successful open-source projects have been developed by programmers who were employed by firms but worked on open-source projects on the side because of economic incentives like career improvement benefits. Such side work may be a good thing for ... Keywords: business models, game theory, learning by doing, open-source software, principal/agent, programmer compensation, programmer incentives, signalling

Amit Mehra; Rajiv Dewan; Marshall Freimer

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

OM Forum---Operations Management Challenges for Some Cleantech Firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cleantech firm is one with an innovative technology and/or business model for serving an existing market with dramatically reduced environmental impact. This paper describes operations management OM challenges faced by five cleantech ... Keywords: bankruptcy, capacity investment, energy, environment, process innovation, public policy, supply chain management

Erica L. Plambeck

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Pricing and Firm Conduct in California's Deregulated Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-fueled powerplants to private firms that bid daily to supply power. Southern California Edison divested the vast capacity in California. The remaining in-state capacity is two nuclear plants jointly owned by the utilities, a large number of hydroelectric units owned primarily by PG&E, and a variety of small independent

California at Berkeley. University of

100

Firm performance impacts of digitally enabled supply chain integration capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Best practice exemplars suggest that digital platforms play a critical role in managing supply chain activities and partnerships that generate performance gains for firms. However, there is limited academic investigation on how and why information technology ... Keywords: IT infrastructure, customer relationships, operational excellence, revenue growth, supply chain integration, supply chain management

Arun Rai; Ravi Patnayakuni; Nainika Seth

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Identifying web strategies for large-scale firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Wide Web has become increasingly important in helping businesses stay competitive. Hence, in the current business environment, it is essential for large firms in established industries to take advantage of the Web and all it has to offer in ... Keywords: integration, internet, organizational goals, strategy, web

Tuncay Bayrak

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Itinerary determination of imprecise mobile agents with firm deadline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some applications, as part of a mobile agent mission, there may be the necessity of meeting a firm end-to-end deadline, although with some itinerary flexibility due to optional resources. This paper proposes an execution model based on the concept ... Keywords: Distributed systems, Mobile agents, Real-time

Luciana Rech; Carlos Montez; Rmulo Silva de Oliveira

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Technical Standards, EPIcode-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPIcode-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, EPIcode-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: EPIcode Gap Analysis, Final...

104

Energy Band Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate electronic transport in lithographically patterned graphene ribbon structures where the lateral confinement of charge carriers creates an energy gap near the charge neutrality point. Individual graphene layers are contacted with metal electrodes and patterned into ribbons of varying widths and different crystallographic orientations. The temperature dependent conductance measurements show larger energy gaps opening for narrower ribbons. The sizes of these energy gaps are investigated by measuring the conductance in the non-linear response regime at low temperatures. We find that the energy gap scales inversely with the ribbon width, thus demonstrating the ability to engineer the band gap of graphene nanostructures by lithographic processes.

Han, M Y

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Carbon Fund for Spanish Firms FC2E | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spanish Firms FC2E Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Fund for Spanish Firms (FC2E) Place Spain Sector Carbon Product String representation "Instituto de Cr ... from the...

106

Are Foreign Firms Privileged By Their Host Governments? Evidence From The 2000 World Business Environment Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the data from World Business Environment Survey (WBES) on over 10,000 firms across eighty one countries, this paper finds preliminary evidence that foreign firms enjoy significant regulatory advantages - as perceived ...

Huang, Yasheng

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

Complementary capabilities in dynamic environments : the evolution of professional services in information technology product firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The innovative firm must continually evaluate its boundaries - decisions often shaped through make-buy-partner evaluations and choices about where to define the firm's competences. Building off of earlier work that suggests ...

Anderson, Phillip C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards Note: 1. Save the document from the website onto your PC and close it. 2. Open the document on your PC. Answer "No" to the question regarding whether to open the documents as read only. Chemical Processing Gap Construction Management Gap Criticality Safety Gap Emergency Management Gap Environmental Restoration Gap Facility Representative Gap Fire Protection Engineering Gap General Technical Base Gap Industrial Hygiene Gap Mechanical Systems Gap Nuclear Explosive Safety Study Gap Nuclear Safety Specialist Gap Occupational Safety Gap Quality Assurance Gap

109

Do Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold Mining Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economists Gold Price Forecasts, Australian Journal ofDo Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold

Borenstein, Severin; Farrell, Joseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Pre-Entry Knowledge, Learning, and the Survival of New Firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New firms are endowed with knowledge and experience at birth through the human capital of their founder(s). Existing empirical research suggests that this pre-entry knowledge and experience will influence the firm's chances of survival; however, the ... Keywords: adaptation, business planning, entrepreneurship, evolutionary economics, firm survival, human capital, knowledge, learning, prior experience, unemployment

John C. Dencker; Marc Gruber; Sonali K. Shah

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Hotspot Gap Analysis Final 20070323  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HS-0003 HS-0003 Software Evaluation of Hotspot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation U.S. Department of Energy Office of Health, Safety and Security 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 March, 2007 ii Foreword This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Safety Software Quality Assurance (SSQA) attributes of Hotspot, a health physics application, relative to the safety software requirements identified in DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This evaluation, a "gap analysis", is performed according to the implementation guide DOE G 414.1-4, and is a requisite for deciding whether Hotspot should be designated as a toolbox code for DOE's safety software Central Registry. Comments regarding this document should be addressed to:

112

Gap between active and passive solar heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The gap between active and passive solar could hardly be wider. The reasons for this are discussed and advantages to narrowing the gap are analyzed. Ten years of experience in both active and passive systems are reviewed, including costs, frequent problems, performance prediction, performance modeling, monitoring, and cooling concerns. Trends are analyzed, both for solar space heating and for service water heating. A tendency for the active and passive technologies to be converging is observed. Several recommendations for narrowing the gap are presented.

Balcomb, J.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

THE ENERGY GAP IN NUCLEAR MATTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy gap for nuclear matter with a vieVi to gaining some ins ight into the possible results of extending the theory

Emery, V.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card- Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.

115

FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card Mechanical Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.

116

FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card Technical Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.

117

Firm Racial Segregation and Affirmative Action in the Highway Construction Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper I document that highway construction firms in California, particularly those owned by Blacks and Asians, exhibit considerable racial segregation in that they are disproportionately located in zip codes with the greatest concentration of own-race residents. I find that segregated firms serve a larger market than minority-owned firms that are not segregated, and this effect is concentrated in Black-owned firms. I next exploit the segregation of firms to examine the effect of affirmative action on the success of minority-owned firms. Following the significant curtailment of affirmative action in California due to a direct statewide ballot initiative, the number of highway construction establishments located in zip codes with the highest concentrations of Black and Asian residents fell relative to the rest of the state, even conditional on the number of non-construction establishments. This suggests that affirmative action policies may play a role in the net survival rates of minority-owned firms.

Justin Marion

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 450 of 21,429 results. Download EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission...

119

EIS-0400: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EIS-0400: Record of Decision Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Western Area Power Administration...

120

Gas mixtures for spark gap closing switches  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Gas mixtures for use in spark gap closing switches comprised of fluorocarbons and low molecular weight, inert buffer gases. To this can be added a third gas having a low ionization potential relative to the buffer gas. The gas mixtures presented possess properties that optimized the efficiency spark gap closing switches. 6 figs.

Christophorou, L.G.; McCorkle, D.L.; Hunter, S.R.

1987-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Koizumi stands firm to Chirac on Japan hosting nuclear project Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Sunday that Japan stood firm in its attempt to host a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Koizumi said Sunday that Japan stood firm in its attempt to host a revolutionary nuclear reactor, amid EUKoizumi stands firm to Chirac on Japan hosting nuclear project 27/03/2005 Prime Minister Junichiro Jacques Chirac discussed the deadlock over the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER

122

NEN Division Funding Gap Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work in NEN Division revolves around proliferation detection. The sponsor funding model seems to have shifted over the last decades. For the past three lustra, sponsors are mainly interested in funding ideas and detection systems that are already at a technical readiness level 6 (TRL 6 -- one step below an industrial prototype) or higher. Once this level is reached, the sponsoring agency is willing to fund the commercialization, implementation, and training for the systems (TRL 8, 9). These sponsors are looking for a fast turnaround (1-2 years) technology development efforts to implement technology. To support the critical national and international needs for nonprolifertion solutions, we have to maintain a fluent stream of subject matter expertise from the fundamental principals of radiation detection through prototype development all the way to the implementation and training of others. NEN Division has large funding gaps in the Valley of Death region. In the current competitive climate for nuclear nonproliferation projects, it is imminent to increase our lead in this field.

Esch, Ernst I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goettee, Jeffrey D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Desimone, David J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lakis, Rollin E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miko, David K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

123

Judith Gap Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap Wind Farm Gap Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Judith Gap Wind Farm Facility Judith Gap Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Northwestern Energy Location South of Judith Gap MT Coordinates 46.6005°, -109.749° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.6005,"lon":-109.749,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

124

Price Variation Antagonism and Firm Pricing Policies 1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Pricing schemes that vary prices in response to demand shocks may antagonize consumers and reduce demand. At the same time, consumers may take advantage of the opportunities offered by price changes. Overall, the net impact of varying price on demand is ambiguous. We investigate the issue empirically, exploiting a unique dataset from a firm that has experimented with different pricing schemes. Each scheme is characterized by how much prices respond to demand variations. Holding average price and other variables constant, we find that demand is higher when prices vary more. We discuss the implications of our findings with regard to the consumer antagonism hypothesis.

Pascal Courty; Mario Pagliero; Jel D; Christopher Milde; Frank Vella; All Introduction

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement Statement Volume 1 FES 11-29 Cooperating Agencies: * Grand County * U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration DOE/EIS-0370 * U.S. Army Corps of Engineers November 2011 Windy Gap Firming Project Final Environmental Impact Statement Eastern Area Office Loveland, Colorado Filing Number: FES 11-29 November 2011 U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Great Plains Region Mission Statements The mission of the Department of the Interior is to protect and provide access to our Nation's natural and cultural heritage and honor our trust responsibilities to Indian Tribes and our commitments to island communities.

126

Buffalo Gap Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap Wind Farm Gap Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Buffalo Gap Wind Farm Facility Buffalo Gap Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AES Developer AES Energy Purchaser Direct Energy Location TX Coordinates 32.310556°, -100.149167° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.310556,"lon":-100.149167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

127

Modeling gap acceptance at freeway merges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a merging model that captures the gap acceptance behavior of drivers that merge from a ramp into a congested freeway. Merging can be classified into three types: normal, forced and cooperative lane ...

Lee, Gunwoo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Financial liberalisation and the capital structure of firms listed on the Johannesburg stock exchange.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the impact of financial liberalisation on the capital structure of non-financial firms listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE). The research hypotheses (more)

Chipeta, Chimwemwe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Impacts of IT on Firm and Industry Stucture: The Personal Computer Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

company reports and industry averages, ,to Rapid Change in the PC Industry, California ManagementImpacts of IT on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Offshore Wind Power - Opportunity and strategy for a small engineering consultants firm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??GVA is a small engineering consultancy firm, with specialized focus in design of floating structures such as oil production platforms. The key business is at (more)

Jobson Sellstrm, Carin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

When Do Firms Hire Lobbyists? The Organization of Lobbying at the Federal Communications Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the explanatory power of transaction cost economics to explain vertical integration decisions for lobbying by firms. We examine 150 lobbying contacts at the Federal Communications ...

de Figueiredo, John

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

132

Columbia River Component Data Gap Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This Data Gap Analysis report documents the results of a study conducted by Washington Closure Hanford (WCH) to compile and reivew the currently available surface water and sediment data for the Columbia River near and downstream of the Hanford Site. This Data Gap Analysis study was conducted to review the adequacy of the existing surface water and sediment data set from the Columbia River, with specific reference to the use of the data in future site characterization and screening level risk assessments.

L. C. Hulstrom

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Forecast Gap: Linking Forwards and Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses a common problem in price forecasting: What to do when confronted with a persistent gap between results obtained from a structural forecast model and actual forward or spot prices? The report examines examples taken from natural gas and electric power forecasts and presents a novel approach to closing this forecast gap. Inspection reveals that the ratio of actual prices to forecast prices often exhibits stochastic movements that resemble those of commodity price movements. By usin...

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Spark-gap device for precise switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved spark gap apparatus is provided for precise switching of high currents from charged capacitors, and for protecting circuitry and circuit components, such as an energy storage capacitor, from overvoltage surges. The invention includes a pair of niobium electrodes with a melting point greater than 2000/sup 0/C that forms the spark gap. The electrodes are supported by conductive caps spaced apart from one another by an insulating member all of which form a hermetically sealed chamber filled with an inert, ionizable gas, preferably pure xenon. The spark gap device includes a quantity of solid radioactive stabilizer, carbon-14, placed within the hermetically sealed chamber adjacent to the spark gap. Methods for fabricating the device and its components are described. It is claimed that use of the Nb electrodes forestalls electrode erosion even under severe voltage and discharge conditions, that, by employing pure Xe gas, and solid carbon-14 radiation stabilizer, it is unnecessary to employ radioactive gases or chemically plated radioactive sources to promote ionization, and that, by selection of a suitable spark gap, a spark gap device is obtained which is capable of switching at 1700 V +- 10% for input voltage rates up to 570 V/ms and allowing peak discharge currents up to 3000 A from a 0.3 microfarad energy storage capacitor for more than 1000 operations. (LCL)

Boettcher, G.E.

1982-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

135

A GAP package for computation with coherent configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a GAP package for computing with Schurian coherent configurations and their representations. Keywords: GAP, GRAPE, association scheme, centralizer ring, coherent configuration, permutation group, sage, semidefinite programming

Dmitrii V. Pasechnik; Keshav Kini

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/01/12 2/01/12 Page 1 of 21 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FP (02/01/12) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCESS FREIGHT CHARGES EXCUSABLE DELAYS EXPORT CONTROL EXTRAS AND VARIATION IN QUANTITY GOVERNMENT PROPERTY MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING AND TESTING STANDARDS

137

Foreign firms to get equal opportunity in Mexican selloff plans  

SciTech Connect

Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) has not finalized details of its long-awaited petrochemical privatization program. However, the state oil group has made it clear the selloff schedule, due to begin during the next two months, will give equal investment opportunity to foreign firms, dashing the hopes of Mexican groups that they would be given first right of refusal in the privatization program. Meanwhile, Pemex has agreed with Shell Oil on a previously announced refining joint venture involving Shell's 225,000-bbl/day refinery at Deer Park, TX. Under the plan, Pemex will purchase a 50% stake in the refinery and join Shell in a $1-billion upgrade with would enable it to handle more Mexican crude. Sources believe that Shell and other US oil groups are interested in acquiring assets from Pemex Petroquimica.

Wood, A.; Alvarez, C.

1993-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

138

Gradually Truncated Log-normal distribution- Size distribution of firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many natural and economical phenomena are described through power law or log-normal distributions. In these cases, probability decreases very slowly with step size compared to normal distribution. Thus it is essential to cut-off these distributions for larger step size. Recently we introduce the gradually truncated power law distribution to successfully describe variation of financial, educational, physical and citation index. In the present work, we introduce gradually truncated log-normal distribution in which we gradually cut-off larger steps due to physical limitation of the system. We applied this distribution successfully to size distribution of USAs manufactoring firms which is measured through their annual sell. The physical limitation are due to limited market size or shortage of highly competent executives. I.

Hari M. Gupta; Jos R. Campanha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The windy city : harnessing power in the neighborhood landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As wind power has spread in North America, so has an awareness that community acceptance will largely determine whether this renewable energy source continues to grow. Despite apparently widespread popular support for wind ...

Cherry, Jonathan S. (Jonathan Sher)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Changes related to "Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind View New Pages Recent Changes All...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pages that link to "Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View source History...

142

UAV Path Planning for Structure Inspection in Windy Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the structure inspection problem using a miniature unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The influence of the wind on the UAV behavior and onboard energy limitations are important parameters that must be taken into account in the ... Keywords: Path planning, Traveling salesman problem, Vehicle routing problem, Zermelo navigation

Jose Alfredo Guerrero; Yasmina Bestaoui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When firms recruit inventors, they acquire not only the use of their skills but also enhanced access to their stock of ideas. But do hiring firms actually increase their use of new recruits' prior inventions? Our estimates suggest they do, quite significantly ... Keywords: access to ideas, coarsened exact matching, collaborative networks, difference in differences, inventor mobility, knowledge spillovers, learning by hiring, patent citations

Jasjit Singh; Ajay Agrawal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Firm-based Measurements of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firm-based Measurements of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets: Technical: Transmission constraints, electricity markets, market power, market power index, residual supply index. 1 approaches to analyzing firm-based market power con- sidering transmission constraints are proposed. One

Baldick, Ross

145

Corporate Investment, Book-to-Market, Firm Size and Stock Returns: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the empirical relations among firm-level investment growth, market value of equity, bookto-market ratio (B/M), and stock returns. Under the widely used Fama and French (FF) methods, firms classified as big and low-B/M (B/L) significantly accelerate investment prior to the classification year. Their market values of equity rise and their leverage levels diminish. Firms classified as small and high-B/M (S/H) reduce investment and increase leverage. In other words, FF classification methods implicitly assign firms to portfolios conditional on past investment growth. Berk, Green, and Naik (BGN, 1999) offer a model and simulations consistent with such patterns in firm-level fundamentals. BGNs model also predicts that systematic risk and expected equity returns evolve dynamically with firm-level investment, and that firm fundamentals such as B/M and firm size proxy for investment-related changes in risk. Consistent with BGN, we find that average raw returns vary across portfolios of stocks formed on the basis of past investment growth. We find weakened evidence of a value premium after categorizing stocks by investment growth. Investment growth also has explanatory power in cross-sectional and timeseries regressions of stock returns and appears to provide information similar to that of B/M.

Christopher W. Anderson; Luis Garcia-Feijo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A New Approach for Firm Value and Default Probability Estimation beyond Merton Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a new model to assess the firm value and the default probability by using a bivariate contingent claim analysis and copula theory. First we discuss an unfeasible case, given the current derivative market on corporate bonds, which ... Keywords: Bivariate option, Copula, Firm value, G12, G30, G32, No arbitrage, Structural models

Maria Elena Giuli; Dean Fantazzini; Mario Alessandro Maggi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

An elusive antecedent of superior firm performance: The knowledge management factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge management (KM) concepts, principles, and technologies provide a foundation for understanding and building systems for acquiring, assimilating, selecting, generating, and emitting knowledge-a crucial resource of the firm. In the knowledge management ... Keywords: COMPUSTAT, Financial performance, Firm performance, KM, Knowledge management, Resource-based theory

Clyde W. Holsapple; Jiming Wu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Detecting information technology impact on firm performance using DEA and decision tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a modern organisation, it is crucial and common for managers to effectively detect the impact of Information Technology (IT) on firm performance. This allows companies to maintain a competitive edge in rapidly changing business environments ... Keywords: DEA, IT impact, classification, data envelopment analysis, decision tree, decison making, firm performance, information technology, organisational performance

Desheng Wu

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Shaping agility through digital options: reconceptualizing the role of information technology in contemporary firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agility is vital to the innovation and competitive performance of firms in contemporary business environments. Firms are increasingly relying on information technologies, including process, knowledge, and communication technologies, to enhance their ... Keywords: IT competence, digital options, knowledge capital, process capital, strategic agility

V. Sambamurthy; Anandhi Bharadwaj; Varun Grover

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Wall Street vs. Main Street: Firm Strategies for Defending Legitimacy and Their Impact on Different Stakeholders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We assess the effect of firm strategies to defend legitimacy on two different stakeholder groupsthe public (Main Street) and the investment community (Wall Street). We identify four types of firm strategies in response ... Keywords: crisis response, legitimacy, stakeholder theory, stigma management, thought worlds

Anna Lamin; Srilata Zaheer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Firm Size Transmission Effect and Price-Volume Relationship Analysis During Financial Tsunami Periods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investors attend importance to forecast the price of financial assets, thus, the factors affecting the stock price are usually the focus of financial research in the field, in which the most important factors to scholars are firm size transmission effect ... Keywords: Cointegration Test, Firm Size Transmission Effect, Granger-Causality Test, Price-Volume Relationship, Unit Root Test

Wei-Chiang Samuelson Hong; Shih-Yung Wei; Kai Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Firm-Created Word-of-Mouth Communication: Evidence from a Field Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the effectiveness of a firm's proactive management of customer-to-customer communication. We are particularly interested in understanding how, if at all, the firm should go about effecting meaningful word-of-mouth (WOM) ... Keywords: advertising, promotion, word of mouth

David Godes; Dina Mayzlin

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Supporting international entry decisions for construction firms using fuzzy preference relations and cumulative prospect theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper emphasizes on supporting international entry decisions for construction firms in a three-phase analysis process. Phase I identified significant factors as two categories, namely country and project factor levels. Phase II stuck on identifying ... Keywords: Alternative selection, Construction firms, Cumulative prospect theory, Fuzzy preference relations, International construction market

Min-Yuan Cheng; Hsing-Chih Tsai; Kai-Hsiang Chuang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Firms' information security investment decisions: Stock market evidence of investors' behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the information society, it is important for firms to manage their core information resources securely. However, the difficulty of measuring the return on an IT security investment is one of the critical obstacles for firms in making such investment ... Keywords: Abnormal returns, Event methodology, Information security investment, Investors' behavior, Market value, Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX)

Sangmi Chai; Minkyun Kim; H. Raghav Rao

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

THE DYNAMICALLY DISRUPTED GAP IN HD 142527  

SciTech Connect

The vestiges of planet formation have been observed in debris disks harboring young and massive gaseous giants. The process of giant planet formation is terminated by the dissipation of gas in the protoplanetary disk. The gas-rich disk around HD 142527 features a small inner disk, a large gap from {approx}10 to {approx}140 AU, and a massive outer disk extending out to {approx}300 AU. The gap could have been carved out by a giant planet. We have imaged the outer regions of this gap using the adaptive optics camera NICI on Gemini South. Our images reveal that the disk is dynamically perturbed. The outer boundary of the roughly elliptical gap appears to be composed of several segments of spiral arms. The stellar position is offset by 0.''17 {+-} 0.''02 from the centroid of the cavity, consistent with earlier imaging at coarser resolutions. These transient morphological features are expected in the context of disk evolution in the presence of a perturbing body located inside the cavity. We perform hydrodynamical simulations of the dynamical clearing of a gap in a disk. A 10 M{sub jup} body in a circular orbit at r = 90 AU perturbs the whole disks, even after thousands of orbits. By then the model disk has an eccentric and irregular cavity, flanked by tightly wound spiral arms, but it is still evolving far from steady state. A particular transient configuration that is a qualitative match to HD 142527 is seen at 1.7 Myr.

Casassus, S.; Perez M, S.; Menard, F. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Jordan, A.; Cuadra, J. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Schreiber, M. R. [Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia, Universidad Valparaiso, Av. Gran Bretana 111, Valparaiso (Chile); Hales, A. S. [Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura 763-0355, Santiago (Chile); Ercolano, B., E-mail: scasassus@u.uchile.cl [University Observatory, Ludwig-Maximillians University, Munich (Germany)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Trunnion Collar Removal Machine - Gap Analysis Table  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to review the existing the trunnion collar removal machine against the ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (NSDB) [Ref. 10] requirements and to identify codes and standards and supplemental requirements to meet these requirements. If these codes and standards can not fully meet these requirements then a ''gap'' is identified. These gaps will be identified here and addressed using the ''Trunnion Collar Removal Machine Design Development Plan'' [Ref. 15]. The codes and standards, supplemental requirements, and design development requirements for the trunnion collar removal machine are provided in the gap analysis table (Appendix A, Table 1). Because the trunnion collar removal machine is credited with performing functions important to safety (ITS) in the NSDB [Ref. 10], design basis requirements are applicable to ensure equipment is available and performs required safety functions when needed. The gap analysis table is used to identify design objectives and provide a means to satisfy safety requirements. To ensure that the trunnion collar removal machine performs required safety functions and meets performance criteria, this portion of the gap analysis tables supplies codes and standards sections and the supplemental requirements and identifies design development requirements, if needed.

M. Johnson

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

157

A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electric Axial motor ­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electricCAVT A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty Research Center OBJECTIVE motor topologies with high torque and power densities MOTIVATION ­ Axial-gap ("pancake") motors have

Carver, Jeffrey C.

158

Olene Gap Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Olene Gap Geothermal Project Olene Gap Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Olene Gap Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 42.1725°, -121.62083333333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.1725,"lon":-121.62083333333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Bridging The Gap 2013 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Mar 05 2013 03-05-2013 12:00 AM - 03-06-2013 05:00 PM Oak Ridge National Laboratory hosted the third annual Bridging the Gap on March 5-6, 2013. This event brought entrepreneurs, scientists, and technology transfer experts together to explore opportunities around the lab's most promising new technologies. Oak Ridge, TN CONTACT : Email: Cassie Lopez Phone:(865) 576-9294 Add to Calendar SHARE Bridging The Gap 2013 March 5-6, 2013 (Oak Ridge, TN) Tennessee A-B-C Conference Rooms (Building 5200) Oak Ridge National Laboratory hosted the third annual Bridging the Gap on March 5-6, 2013. This event brought entrepreneurs, scientists, and technology transfer experts together to explore opportunities around the lab's most promising new technologies. Keynote Address: Innovations at ORNL, Thom Mason

160

Closing Gaps in Modeling Multifamily Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building America Technical Update Meeting Denver, Colorado April 30, 2013 Jordan Dentz, The Levy Partnership., Inc. Closing Gaps in Modeling Multifamily Retrofits Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Overview * Multifamily modeling inputs (BA House Simulation Protocols) * Important multifamily measures * Other MF gaps Vital to meet 50% goals and therefore important to include in Building America's multifamily modeling capabilities Model Inputs * Heating set point * Cooling set point * Behavior assumptions 3 Heating Set Point - Central Systems * House simulation protocol assumes 71°F * Overheating is common * Approach: adjust modeled heating set point - how much? * Average heating season indoor temperature was 76°F in a sample of 18 buildings (ARIES 2013a)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Global Awareness Program (GAP) University Coordinator: Jane Irungu, (gap@ku.edu, 864-7265) http://www.international.ku.edu/~oip/gap/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evidence that they are prepared to LIVE, LEAD and WORK in a global society. GAP is offering students should register on-line at the following website: http://www.international.ku.edu/~oip/gap/ Steps

Peterson, Blake R.

162

Trainers by design : a case study of inter-firm learning, institution building and local governance in western Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of international economic development often feature the competitive gains from inter-firm cooperation. By cooperating, firms within a region can draw on their collective resources and experience to test out new ...

Lowe, Nichola J

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Firm Level Investment in France and the United States: An Exploration of What We Have Learned in Twenty Years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and that their capital intensity has increased between thethis aggregate level. The capital intensity for firms in the

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Mairesse, Jacques; Mulkay, Benoit

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

FINAL REPORT ON GDE GAP CELL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A project has been undertaken to develop an electrochemical cell and support equipment for evaluation of a gas diffusion electrode-based, narrow-electrolyte-gap anode for SO{sub 2} oxidation in the hydrogen production cycle of the hybrid sulfur (HyS) process. The project supported the HyS development program at the Savannah River National Lab (SRNL). The benefits of using a gas diffusion electrode in conjunction with the narrow anolyte gap are being determined through electrochemical polarization testing under a variety conditions, and by comparison to results produced by SRNL and others using anode technologies that have no anolyte gap. These test results indicate that the NGA cell has low resistance suitable for use in the HyS electrolyzer, exhibits good efficiency at high current densities compared to the direct feed HyS electrolyzer, and indicates robust performance in extended testing over 65 hours. Seepage episodes were mostly caused by port clogging, which can be mitigated in future designs through minor modifications to the hardware. Significant reductions in sulfur crossover have not yet been demonstrated in the NGA configuration compared to in-house direct feed testing, but corroborative sulfur layer analysis is as yet incomplete. Further testing in a single-pass anolyte configuration is recommended for complete evaluation of steady-state electrochemical efficiency and SO{sub 2} crossover in the narrow gap configuration.

Herman, D.; Summers, W.; Danko, E.

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

165

Spark gap device for precise switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark gap device for precise switching of an energy storage capacitor into an exploding bridge wire load is disclosed. Niobium electrodes having a melting point of 2,415 degrees centrigrade are spaced apart by an insulating cylinder to define a spark gap. The electrodes are supported by conductive end caps which, together with the insulating cylinder, form a hermetically sealed chamber filled with an inert, ionizable gas, such as pure xenon. A quantity of solid radioactive carbon-14 within the chamber adjacent the spark gap serves as a radiation stabilizer. The sides of the electrodes and the inner wall of the insulating cylinder are spaced apart a sufficient distance to prevent unwanted breakdown initiation. A conductive sleeve may envelop the outside of the insulating member from the midpoint of the spark gap to the cap adjacent the cathode. The outer metallic surfaces of the device may be coated with a hydrogen-impermeable coating to lengthen the shelf life and operating life of the device. The device breaks down at about 1,700 volts for input voltage rates up to 570 volts/millisecond and allows peak discharge currents of up to 3,000 amperes from a 0.3 microfarad energy storage capacitor for more than 1,000 operations.

Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Spark gap device for precise switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark gap device for precise switching of an energy storage capacitor into an exploding bridge wire load is disclosed. Niobium electrodes having a melting point of 2,415 degrees centigrade are spaced apart by an insulating cylinder to define a spark gap. The electrodes are supported by conductive end caps which, together with the insulating cylinder, form a hermetically sealed chamber filled with an inert, ionizable gas, such as pure xenon. A quantity of solid radioactive carbon-14 within the chamber adjacent the spark gap serves as a radiation stabilizer. The sides of the electrodes and the inner wall of the insulating cylinder are spaced apart a sufficient distance to prevent unwanted breakdown initiation. A conductive sleeve may envelop the outside of the insulating member from the midpoint of the spark gap to the cap adjacent the cathode. The outer metallic surfaces of the device may be coated with a hydrogen-impermeable coating to lengthen the shelf life and operating life of the device. The device breaks down at about 1,700 volts for input voltage rates up to 570 volts/millisecond and allows peak discharge currents of up to 3,000 amperes from a 0.3 microfarad energy storage capacitor for more than 1,000 operations. 3 figs.

Boettcher, G.E.

1984-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

167

Measuring Firm Performance at the Network Level: A Nomology of the Business Impact of Digital Supply Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For decades, information technology has been posited to have a major impact on firm performance. Investigations into this line of inquiry have almost always used constructs related to individual firm performance as their dependent measures, ... Keywords: Business Networks, E-Business, E-Commerce, Firm Performance, Supply Chains, Supply Networks

Detmar Straub; Arun Rai; Richard Klein

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Firm Size and Industry Structure Under Human Capital Intensity: Insights from the Evolution of the Global Advertising Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although existing literature assumes that the human capital intensity of professional services leads to small and flimsy firms, several professional services feature large, long-lived firms. To develop insights about firm size and industry structure ... Keywords: advertising agencies, financial intermediation, human capital, industry evolution, industry structure, professional services, vertical differentiation

Andrew von Nordenflycht

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Measuring the relative efficiency of IC design firms using the directional distance function and a meta-frontier approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative approach for evaluating the efficiency of integrated circuit (IC) design firms. In doing so, it accounts for differences between technology groups containing one or more design firms, and input and output factors to ... Keywords: Directional distance function, Group-frontier, IC design firm, Meta-frontier, Performance evaluations

Bo Hsiao; Ching-Chin Chern; Ming-Miin Yu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Please Hold Me UP: Why Firms Grant Exclusive-Dealing Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why do irreplaceable firms with a choice of suppliers or customers deliberately expose themselves to the threat of hold up by contracting ex ante to deal with only one of them? Our explanation revolves around the multiple equilibria intrinsic to situations of unverifiable investment and many traders. Exclusive dealing eliminates inecient equilibria in which too many firms invest too little. The enhanced ex post bargaining power of the chosen rm is beneficial for incentives whilst the distributional impact is more than oset in the ex ante negotiations over which this firm obtains the access privelege.

David de Meza; Marianno Selvaggi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area December 1, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - On Thursday, December 2, 2010, US Energy Secretary Steven Chu will be joined by Dr. Arun Majumdar, ARPA-E Director, to tour 1366 Technologies, a leading solar technology firm that is developing more cost efficient solar panels. 1366 received a $4 million Recovery Act grant through the Department of Energy's Advance Research Project Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program in October 2009. 1366 is a shining star, real example showcasing Boston as a leader in the clean energy sector. Since receiving the Recovery Act funds 1366 Technologies has made rapid technical progress towards its goal of halving the cost of solar energy. It has also hired 15

172

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Venture Capital Firms to Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies February 27, 2008 - 11:43am Addthis SAN FRANCISCO, CA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced the competitive selection of three venture capital firms to participate in DOE's newly established Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) pilot program, which aims to accelerate deployment and commercialization of advanced clean energy technologies from three DOE National Laboratories into the global marketplace. The EIR pilot program furthers President Bush's comprehensive strategy to reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil and

173

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area December 1, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - On Thursday, December 2, 2010, US Energy Secretary Steven Chu will be joined by Dr. Arun Majumdar, ARPA-E Director, to tour 1366 Technologies, a leading solar technology firm that is developing more cost efficient solar panels. 1366 received a $4 million Recovery Act grant through the Department of Energy's Advance Research Project Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program in October 2009. 1366 is a shining star, real example showcasing Boston as a leader in the clean energy sector. Since receiving the Recovery Act funds 1366 Technologies has made rapid technical progress towards its goal of halving the cost of solar energy. It has also hired 15

174

Organization and Information: Firms' Governance Choices in Rational-expectations Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a rational-expectations model of price formation in an intermediate-good market under uncertainty. There is a continuum of firms, each consisting of a party who can reduce production cost and a party who can ...

Gibbons, Robert S.

175

What is the value of logistics for a large pharmaceutical firm?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding business needs arising out of both, external and internal environments, is an essential first step in determining the value of logistics in a large pharmaceutical firm. In this research, we have used a variety ...

Tiwari, Prasoon, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Material scarcity from the perspective of manufacturing firms : case studies of platinum and cobalt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many agree that materials availability, especially non-renewable materials, is an issue of global concern. However, the implications and strategy options for manufacturing firms are not obvious. Manufacturers select materials ...

Alonso, Elisa (Elisa Yun Han)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

How Sales Taxes Affect Customer and Firm Behavior: The Role of Search on the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a multichannel retailer opens its first retail store in a state, the firm is obligated to collect sales taxes on all Internet and catalog orders shipped to that state. This article assesses how opening a store affects ...

Anderson, Eric T.

178

Mediating regional development : how metalworking firms forged lasting linkages with steel in Ciudad, Guayana, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since the late 1950s, planners have lured large firms to lagging regions with the expectation that they will trigger local industrial activity. According to the literatures on unbalanced growth, growth poles, foreign ...

Dhnert, Sylvia, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The strategic use of an information system in supporting architectural design decisions for a design firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is to illustrate how a computer-based information system for supporting decision making, that is a Decision Support System (DSS), can be utilized as a strategic tool in architectural design for a firm. The ...

Liu, Lu, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Value Relevance of IT Investments on Firm Value in the Financial Services Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and assessing the payoff from investments in IT is an important exercise for managers. A number of researchers have examined the elusive notion of firm-level information system effectiveness and the results are mixed. This study contributes ...

Ram S. Sriram; Gopal V. Krishnan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

How to transition Chinese firms into world-class corporations : organizational and cultural innovations are key  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entering the 21st Century, after almost 30 years development of the Chinese economy, several famous Chinese firms have grown to a significant scale and achieved the rudiments of world-class corporations. Following Japanese ...

Zhao, Zhongyao (Zhongyao Charls)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Bridging the Gap 2011 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Apr 05 2011 04-05-2011 08:00 AM - 04-06-2011 05:00 PM Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Partnerships Directorate will host Bridging the Gap, a unique technology commercialization event, April 5-6 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Oak Ridge, TN Oak Ridge National Laboratory CONTACT : Email: Cassie Lopez Phone:(865) 576-9294 Add to Calendar SHARE Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Partnerships Directorate will host Bridging the Gap, a unique technology commercialization event, April 5-6 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The event will provide investors and entrepreneurs opportunities to learn about promising ORNL technologies available for license and to hear from ORNL licensees seeking growth capital. There will also be opportunities to tour ORNL's world-class research facilities and network with some of the

183

Chemical potential and the gap equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In general the kernel of QCD's gap equation possesses a domain of analyticity upon which the equation's solution at nonzero chemical potential is simply obtained from the in-vacuum result through analytic continuation. On this domain the single-quark number- and scalar-density distribution functions are mu-independent. This is illustrated via two models for the gap equation's kernel. The models are alike in concentrating support in the infrared. They differ in the form of the vertex but qualitatively the results are largely insensitive to the Ansatz. In vacuum both models realise chiral symmetry in the Nambu-Goldstone mode and in the chiral limit, with increasing chemical potential, exhibit a first-order chiral symmetry restoring transition at mu~M(0), where M(p^2) is the dressed-quark mass function. There is evidence to suggest that any associated deconfinement transition is coincident and also of first-order.

Huan Chen; Wei Yuan; Lei Chang; Yu-Xin Liu; Thomas Klahn; Craig D. Roberts

2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

184

Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cholesteric liquid crystal elastomers have interesting and potentially very useful photonic properties. In an ideal monodomain configuration of these materials, one finds a Bragg-reflection of light in a narrow wavelength range and a particular circular polarization. This is due to the periodic structure of the material along one dimension. In many practical cases, the cholesteric rubber possesses a sufficient degree of quenched disorder, which makes the selective reflection broadband. We investigate experimentally the problem of how the transmittance of light is affected by mechanical deformation of the elastomer, and the relation to changes in liquid crystalline structure. We explore a series of samples which have been synthesized with photonic stop-gaps across the visible range. This allows us to compare results with detailed theoretical predictions regarding the evolution of stop-gaps in cholesteric elastomers.

P. Cicuta; A. R. Tajbakhsh; E. M. Terentjev

2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

185

Gap Assessment in the Emergency Response Community  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a gap analysis of the emergency response and management (EM) community, performed during the fall of 2009. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) undertook this effort to identify potential improvements to the functional domains in EM that could be provided by the application of current or future technology. To perform this domain-based gap analysis, PNNL personnel interviewed subject matter experts (SMEs) across the EM domain; to make certain that the analyses reflected a representative view of the community, the SMEs were from a variety of geographic areas and from various sized communities (urban, suburban, and rural). PNNL personnel also examined recent and relevant after-action reports and U.S. Government Accountability Office reports.

Barr, Jonathan L.; Burtner, Edwin R.; Pike, William A.; Peddicord, Annie M Boe; Minsk, Brian S.

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

186

Elementary excitations in gapped quantum spin systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For quantum lattice systems with local interactions, the Lieb-Robinson bound acts as an alternative for the strict causality of relativistic systems and allows to prove many interesting results, in particular when the energy spectrum exhibits an energy gap. In this Letter, we show that for translation invariant systems, simultaneous eigenstates of energy and momentum with an eigenvalue that is separated from the rest of the spectrum in that momentum sector, can be arbitrarily well approximated by building a momentum superposition of a local operator acting on the ground state. The error decreases in the size of the support of the local operator, with a rate that is set by the gap below and above the targeted eigenvalue. We show this explicitly for the AKLT model and discuss generalizations and applications of our result.

Jutho Haegeman; Spyridon Michalakis; Bruno Nachtergaele; Tobias J. Osborne; Norbert Schuch; Frank Verstraete

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fabrication of photonic band gap materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming a periodic dielectric structure exhibiting photonic band gap effects includes forming a slurry of a nano-crystalline ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material and monodisperse polymer microspheres, depositing a film of the slurry on a substrate, drying the film, and calcining the film to remove the polymer microspheres therefrom. The film may be cold-pressed after drying and prior to calcining. The ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material may be titania, and the polymer microspheres may be polystyrene microspheres.

Constant, Kristen (Ames, IA); Subramania, Ganapathi S. (Ames, IA); Biswas, Rana (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

SHEEP MOUNTAIN URANIUM PROJECT CROOKS GAP, WYOMING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;PROJECT OVERVIEW ·Site Location·Site Location ·Fremont , Wyoming ·Existing Uranium Mine Permit 381C·Existing Uranium Mine Permit 381C ·Historical Operation ·Western Nuclear Crooks Gap Project ·Mined 1956 ­ 1988 and Open Pit Mining ·Current Mine Permit (381C) ·Updating POO, Reclamation Plan & Bond ·Uranium Recovery

189

HIGH VOLTAGE, HIGH CURRENT SPARK GAP SWITCH  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high voltage and current spark gap switch comprising two main electrodes insulatingly supported in opposed spaced relationship and a middle electrode supported medially between the main electrodes and symmetrically about the median line of the main electrodes is described. The middle electrode has a perforation aligned with the median line and an irradiation electrode insulatingly supported in the body of the middle electrode normal to the median line and protruding into the perforation. (AEC)

Dike, R.S.; Lier, D.W.; Schofield, A.E.; Tuck, J.L.

1962-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

190

Fabrication of Photonic band gap Materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming a periodic dielectric structure exhibiting photonic band gap effects includes forming a slurry of a nano-crystalline ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material and monodisperse polymer microsphere, depositing a film of the slurry on a substrate, drying the film, and calcining the film to remove the polymer microsphere there from. The film may be cold-pressed after drying and prior to calcining. The ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material may be titania, and the polymer microsphere may be polystyrenemicrosphere.

Constant, Kristen; Subramania, Ganapathi S.; Biswas, Rana; Ho, Kai-Ming

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

191

Spark gap switch with spiral gas flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark gap switch having a contaminate removal system using an injected gas. An annular plate concentric with an electrode of the switch defines flow paths for the injected gas which form a strong spiral flow of the gas in the housing which is effective to remove contaminates from the switch surfaces. The gas along with the contaminates is exhausted from the housing through one of the ends of the switch.

Brucker, J.P.

1988-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

192

Selection of infectious medical waste disposal firms by using the analytic hierarchy process and sensitivity analysis  

SciTech Connect

While Taiwanese hospitals dispose of large amounts of medical waste to ensure sanitation and personal hygiene, doing so inefficiently creates potential environmental hazards and increases operational expenses. However, hospitals lack objective criteria to select the most appropriate waste disposal firm and evaluate its performance, instead relying on their own subjective judgment and previous experiences. Therefore, this work presents an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method to objectively select medical waste disposal firms based on the results of interviews with experts in the field, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management. An appropriate weight criterion based on AHP is derived to assess the effectiveness of medical waste disposal firms. The proposed AHP-based method offers a more efficient and precise means of selecting medical waste firms than subjective assessment methods do, thus reducing the potential risks for hospitals. Analysis results indicate that the medical sector selects the most appropriate infectious medical waste disposal firm based on the following rank: matching degree, contractor's qualifications, contractor's service capability, contractor's equipment and economic factors. By providing hospitals with an effective means of evaluating medical waste disposal firms, the proposed AHP method can reduce overhead costs and enable medical waste management to understand the market demand in the health sector. Moreover, performed through use of Expert Choice software, sensitivity analysis can survey the criterion weight of the degree of influence with an alternative hierarchy.

Hsu, P.-F. [Department of Communications Management, Shih Hsin University, No.1, Lane 17, Mu-Cha Road, Sec.1, Taipei 11604, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: celina9@ms26.hinet.net; Wu, C.-R. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: alexru00@ms41.hinet.net; Li, Y.-T. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: ting.ding@msa.hinet.net

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Gradiometric flux qubits with tunable gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For gradiometric three-Josephson-junction flux qubits, we perform a systematic study on the tuning of the minimal transition frequency, the so-called qubit gap. By replacing one of the qubit's Josephson junctions by a dc SQUID, the critical current of this SQUID and, in turn, the qubit gap can be tuned in situ by a control flux threading the SQUID loop. We present spectroscopic measurements demonstrating a well-defined controllability of the qubit gap between zero and more than 10 GHz. In the future, this enables one to tune the qubit into and out of resonance with other superconducting quantum circuits, while operating the qubit at its symmetry point with optimal dephasing properties. The experimental data agree very well with model calculations based on the full qubit Hamiltonian. From a numerical fit, we determine the Josephson coupling and the charging energies of the qubit junctions. The derived values agree well with those measured for other junctions fabricated on the same chip. We also demonstrate the biasing of gradiometric flux qubits near the symmetry point by trapping an odd number of flux quanta in the gradiometer loop. In this way, we study the effect of the significant kinetic inductance, thereby obtaining valuable information for the qubit design.

M. J. Schwarz; J. Goetz; Z. Jiang; T. Niemczyk; F. Deppe; A. Marx; R. Gross

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Ion-gap sensing for engine control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports that in addition to detecting misfire to conform with California onboard diagnostic (OBD II) regulations, Delco Electronics and Mecel AB engineers are looking at ion-gap sensing to control knock, A/F ratio, and other possible engine control parameters. The combustion of fuel in an engine cylinder produces ions. Detection of those ions by the spark plug (ion-gap sensing), and use of the resulting ion currents, has been employed in engine management systems since 1988. Saab introduced the first application, for cam-phase sensing. The main driving force for ion-gap sensing is OBD II requirements for 100% misfire detection at all speeds and loads. The technique has been expanded in subsequent applications to include misfire, knock, and pre-ignition detection and control, and more recently in combustion-ion detection using a capacitance-type, ion-current measurement method. Use of the ion current`s wave shape to control knock allows elimination of the separate piezoelectric type (PZT) sensor. Future applications could provide additional engine-control features including air/fuel ratio measurement and control.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Technical Standards, GENII- Gap Analsis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Standards, GENII- Gap Analsis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, GENII- Gap Analsis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, GENII- Gap Analsis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: GENII Gap Analysis The GENII software, for radiological dispersion and consequence analysis, is one of the codes designated for the toolbox. To determine the actions needed to bring the GENII code into compliance with the SQA qualification criteria, and develop an estimate of the resources required to perform the upgrade, the Implementation Plan has committed to sponsoring a code-specific gap analysis document. Technical Standards, GENII- Gap Analsis More Documents & Publications Guidance on GENII computer code - July 6, 2004 Technical Standards, ALOHA-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3

196

Approximate expressions for polar gap electric field of pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive easy-to-handle approximations for the polar gap electric field due to inertial frame dragging as derived by Harding & Muslimov 1998. A simple formula valid for polar gap height comparable to the polar cap radius is presented.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Hydraulic Physical Modeling and Observations of a Severe Gap Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong gap winds in Howe Sound, British Columbia, are simulated using a small-scale physical model. Model results are presented and compared with observations recorded in Howe Sound during a severe gap wind event in December 1992. Hydraulic ...

Timothy D. Finnigan; Jason A. Vine; Peter L. Jackson; Susan E. Allen; Gregory A. Lawrence; Douw G. Steyn

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Wednesday, 26 March 2008 00:00 Prospective challengers to...

199

Vehicle Codes and Standards: Overview and Gap Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report identifies gaps in vehicle codes and standards and recommends ways to fill the gaps, focusing on six alternative fuels: biodiesel, natural gas, electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, and propane.

Blake, C.; Buttner, W.; Rivkin, C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Why Put All Your Eggs in One Basket? A Competition-Based View of How Technological Uncertainty Affects a Firms Technological Specialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom suggests that when a firm faces technological uncertainty, it responds by becoming less technologically specialized so as to remain adaptable to subsequent resolution of this uncertainty. We adopt a competition-based view of technological ... Keywords: competition, innovation, technological specialization, technological uncertainty

Puay Khoon Toh; Taekyu Kim

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms. (May 2013) Jonathan Stone Department of Maritime Administration Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Joan Mileski Department of Maritime Administration Prior research has addressed European Union (EU) water transportation policy and its impact on firm strategy. We extend this research by attempting to measure the effect of port security regulation compliance implementation on the perceived competitiveness of maritime firms located in European Union ports. We ask the question: Can firm specific implementation of required port security compliance enhance or hinder a firms competitive advantage? We use Resource-Based Strategic Theory as a framework for evaluating competitiveness. Resource based theory purports that assets and systems can give a firm a competitive advantage if they follow the VRIN criteria of Valuable, Rare, Inimitable, and Not easily substitutable. We ask via email and snail mail survey instrument whether certain security assets, resources and systems are VRIN and whether these assets, resources and systems give competitive advantage to the firm. The type of resources/assets/systems include physical assets such as fencing; ongoing management assets such as communication systems, planning and structuring management assets such as security planning systems; human assets such as employee knowledge; technological assets such as software protection; intangible assets such as a safety culture and financial assets such as cost savings from security compliance. We administer the instrument to all firms operating in EU ports in 2011-2012. A list of firms is obtained from IHSfairplay Ports and Terminals Guide. The results of the survey shows that most managers do not perceive a competitive advantage was gained in the way security assets/resources/management systems were implemented. However, a strong minority 34.12% of managers did perceive competitive advantage was gained from port security compliance where systems/assets/resources were not easily imitated or the I. Furthermore, managers perceive where they were located within the port as an important advantage to security and competitiveness.

Stone, Jonathan Taylor

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Turbine blade tip gap reduction system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine blade sealing system for reducing a gap between a tip of a turbine blade and a stationary shroud of a turbine engine. The sealing system includes a plurality of flexible seal strips extending from a pressure side of a turbine blade generally orthogonal to the turbine blade. During operation of the turbine engine, the flexible seal strips flex radially outward extending towards the stationary shroud of the turbine engine, thereby reducing the leakage of air past the turbine blades and increasing the efficiency of the turbine engine.

Diakunchak, Ihor S.

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

Next Generation Nuclear Plant GAP Analysis Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As a follow-up to the phenomena identification and ranking table (PIRT) studies conducted recently by NRC on next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) safety, a study was conducted to identify the significant 'gaps' between what is needed and what is already available to adequately assess NGNP safety characteristics. The PIRT studies focused on identifying important phenomena affecting NGNP plant behavior, while the gap study gives more attention to off-normal behavior, uncertainties, and event probabilities under both normal operation and postulated accident conditions. Hence, this process also involved incorporating more detailed evaluations of accident sequences and risk assessments. This study considers thermal-fluid and neutronic behavior under both normal and postulated accident conditions, fission product transport (FPT), high-temperature metals, and graphite behavior and their effects on safety. In addition, safety issues related to coupling process heat (hydrogen production) systems to the reactor are addressed, given the limited design information currently available. Recommendations for further study, including analytical methods development and experimental needs, are presented as appropriate in each of these areas.

Ball, Sydney J [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Corwin, William R [ORNL; Fisher, Stephen Eugene [ORNL; Forsberg, Charles W. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Morris, Robert Noel [ORNL; Moses, David Lewis [ORNL

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Arc voltage distribution skewness as an indicator of electrode gap during vacuum arc remelting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The electrode gap of a VAR is monitored by determining the skewness of a distribution of gap voltage measurements. A decrease in skewness indicates an increase in gap and may be used to control the gap.

Williamson, Rodney L. (Albuquerque, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Grose, Stephen M. (Glenwood, WV)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors Two decades after the discovery of first high temperature superconductors, the microscopic mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity remains elusive. In conventional superconductors, it has been well established that electrons form so-called "Cooper pairs" to give rise to superconductivity. The pair binding manifests itself as an energy gap in many spectroscopic measurements. This energy gap, known as superconducting gap, appears at the superconducting transition temperature Tc where the resistance also vanishes. For high temperature superconductors, the story is more complicated. Over a wide region of compositions and temperatures, there exists an energy gap well above Tc. This energy gap is called pseudogap [1], because there is no direct correlation to the superconducting transition. The origin of this pseudogap and its relation to the superconducting gap are believed to hold the key for understanding the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity - one of the outstanding problems in condensed matter physics. In this regard, researchers Kiyohisa Tanaka and Wei-Sheng Lee, along with their co-workers in Prof. Zhi-Xun Shen's group at Stanford University, have recently made an important discovery about the coexistence of two distinct energy gaps that have opposite doping dependence. Their observation not only provides a natural explanation for the contradictory results about the superconducting gap deduced from different experimental techniques, but also has profound implications on the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity.

206

Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: MELCOR Gap Analysis This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the MELCOR computer code for leak path factor applications, relative to established software requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis," is performed to meet Commitment 4.2.1.3 of the Department of Energy's Implementation Plan to resolve SQA issues identified in the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1. Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis More Documents & Publications Technical Standards, Guidance on MELCOR computer code - May 3, 2004

207

Software Quality Assurance Improvment Plan: CFAST Gap Analysis, Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EH-4.2.1.3-CFAST-Gap Analysis EH-4.2.1.3-CFAST-Gap Analysis Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: CFAST Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 CFAST Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report ii INTENTIONALLY BLANK CFAST Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report iii FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the CFAST computer code for accident analysis applications, relative to established requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis," is performed to meet commitment 4.2.1.3 of the Department of Energy's

208

In Situ Band Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes  

VOLUME 79, NUMBER 11 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 15SEPTEMBER 1997 In Situ Band Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes Vincent H. Crespi* and Marvin L. Cohen

209

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gap can help to reduce tunnel currents. We discuss applications of this technology for energy storage, charge storage, and power supplies. Speaker Bio: Professor Alfred Hubler...

210

Big Stone Gap, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Congressional Districts by Places. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBigStoneGap,Virginia&oldid227780" Categories: Places Stubs Cities What links here...

211

On Penalty and Gap Function Methods for Bilevel Equilibrium ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ized gap function has been introduced by Fukushima and Taji in [23] for variational inequalities, and extended by Mastroeni in [16] to equilibrium problems.

212

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic...

213

Buffalo Gap, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Buffalo Gap, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia...

214

TEXAS SALES AND USE TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATION Name of purchaser, firm or agency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS SALES AND USE TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATION Name of purchaser, firm or agency Address (Street Tax Act; County Health Services Sales and Use Tax; The Texas Health and Safety Code; Special certificate to the Comptroller of Public Accounts. 01-339 (Back) (Rev. 11-95/3) Texas AgriLife Research

215

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially-Efficient Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generation firms have in restructured electricity markets for supporting long-term transmission investments electricity markets, have the incentives to fund or support social-welfare-improving transmission investments.S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity

216

Assessing the impact of knowledge management strategies announcements on the market value of firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there is much literature on the relationship between KM strategies and organizational performance, the benefit of KM strategies is not well understood. We addressed this issue by exploring how KM strategies influence a firm's market value using ... Keywords: Event study methodology, Knowledge management strategy, Knowledge-based view, Market value, Stock market reaction

Byounggu Choi; Ana Maria Jong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Operational Compliance Levers, Environmental Performance, and Firm Performance Under Cap and Trade Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs impose limits on industry emissions but offer individual firms the flexibility to choose among different operational levers toward compliance, including inputs, process changes, and the use of allowances to account for emissions. ... Keywords: cap and trade, empirical research, environmental compliance, environmental operations, public policy

James Kroes; Ravi Subramanian; Ramanath Subramanyam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Productivity and Performance Effects of Business Process Reengineering: A Firm-Level Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We empirically investigate whether business process reengineering (BPR), which requires substantial investment in information technology to integrate separate tasks into complete cross-functional processes, is associated with enhanced firm productivity ... Keywords: Business Process Reengineering, Business Value Of Information Technology, Panel Regression, Productivity

Kemal Altinkemer; Yasin Ozcelik; Zafer Ozdemir

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Dynamic Efficiency and the Regulated Firm: Evidence from Interfirm Trade in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the value of a coordinated market exchange mechanism. I present a model of efficient trading mechanisms under uncertainty, and develop a measure of the value of an interfirm trade agreement in the context of sequential `buy-versus-produce' decisionmaking by firms. The theory is applied to estimate the value of a formal trading institution in the California electricity market, where an interutility power pool has been proposed to restructure the electric power industry. I develop an empirical model of the optimal production and trading decisions for a firm in such a pool, and estimate state-contingent willingness-to-trade functions for each of the four major utilities in this market. With this information, I estimate the distribution of future costs that would obtain if an efficient exchange mechanism arbitraged away observed differences between willingness-to-buy and willingness-to-sell among the sample firms. The principal finding is that with the simple, relatively state-independent bilateral contracts observed in this market, the sample firms achieve within 4% of the theoretical minimum expected costs available with a complete statecontingent exchange mechanism. This difference represents an opportunity cost of approximately $250 million per year. I conclude with regulatory and managerial explanations for the absence of a more efficient state-contingent trading mechanism, and implications for deregulating electric power markets.

Matthew W. White; Matthew W. White; Alvin Klevorick; Daniel Mcfadden; Ariel Pakes

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Acquisition and management of technology-based firms in a trading and investment company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among several key factors affecting new technology innovation, two important ones that are sometimes disturbed by M&A are long-term p-ans and the commitment of the acquired firm's management team. M&A led by technology ...

Tanaka, Jin, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Technology policy for the knowledge economy: Public support to young ICT service firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public intervention in high-tech sectors is often advocated to resolve market imperfections that may possibly limit the viability of young high-tech enterprises. Although some European countries have adopted national government support policies that ... Keywords: Horizontal direct public subsidies, Italy, Young ICT service firms

Massimo G. Colombo; Luca Grilli

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Towards developing a framework for measuring organizational impact of IT- enabled BPR: case studies of three firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports on a case study of three firms which examined the organizational-level measures and process-level measures that were used to identify the effects of IT-enabled BPR (Business Process Redesign) projects. Firms in three distinct industry ... Keywords: IT, business process reengineering, information technology payoff, measurement, organizational impact, process theory

Rajiv Kohli; Ellen Hoadley

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Exploring the Relationship Between Scientist Human Capital and Firm Performance: The Case of Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurs in the SBIR Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an emerging debate in the scholarly literature regarding the extent to which academic human capital contributes to firm performance. This debate centers on the nature of an academic scientist's human capital and its institutional specificity. ... Keywords: SBIR, academic entrepreneurship, commercialization, firm performance, human capital

Andrew A. Toole; Dirk Czarnitzki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

MI Gap Clearing Kicker Magnet Design Review  

SciTech Connect

The kicker system requirements were originally conceived for the NOvA project. NOvA is a neutrino experiment located in Minnesota. To achieve the desired neutrino flux several upgrades are required to the accelerator complex. The Recycler will be used as a proton pre-injector for the Main Injector (MI). As the Recycler is the same size as the MI, it is possible to do a single turn fill ({approx}11 {micro}sec), minimizing the proton injection time in the MI cycle and maximizing the protons on target. The Recycler can then be filled with beam while the MI is ramping to extract beam to the target. To do this requires two new transfer lines. The existing Recycler injection line was designed for 10{pi} pbar beams, not the 20{pi} proton beams we anticipate from the Booster. The existing Recycler extraction line allows for proton injection through the MI, while we want direct injection from the Booster. These two lines will be decommissioned. The new injection line from the MI8 line into the Recycler will start at 848 and end with injection kickers at RR104. The new extraction line in the RR30 straight section will start with a new extraction kicker at RR232 and end with new MI injection kickers at MI308. Finally, to reduce beam loss activation in the enclosure, a new gap clearing kicker will be used to extract uncaptured beam created during the slip stack injection process down the existing dump line. It was suggested that the MI could benefit from this type of system immediately. This led to the early installation of the gap clearing system in the MI, followed by moving the system to Recycler during NOvA. The specifications also changed during this process. Initially the rise and fall time requirements were 38 ns and the field stability was {+-}1%. The 38 ns is based on having a gap of 2 RF buckets between injections. (There are 84 RF buckets that can be filled from the Booster for each injection, but 82 would be filled with beam. MI and Recycler contain 588 RF buckets.) A rough cost/benefit analysis showed that increasing the number of empty buckets to 3 decreased the kicker system cost by {approx}30%. This could be done while not extending the running time since this is only a 1% reduction in protons per pulse, hence the rise and fall time are now 57 ns. Additionally, the {+-}1% tolerance would have required a fast correction kicker while {+-}3% could be achieved without this kicker. The loosened tolerance was based on experience on wide band damping systems in the MI. A higher power wideband damping system is a better use of the resources as it can be used to correct for multiple sources of emittance growth. Finally, with the use of this system for MI instead of Recycler, the required strength grew from 1.2 mrad to 1.7 mrad. The final requirements for this kicker are listed.

Jensen, Chris; /Fermilab

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Production Economics Modeling and Analysis of Polluting firms: The Production Frontier Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As concern grows about energy and environment issues, energy and environmental modeling and related policy analysis are critical issues for today's society. Polluting firms such as coal power plants play an important role in providing electricity to drive the U.S. economy as well as producing pollution that damages the environment and human health. This dissertation is intended to model and estimate polluting firms' production using nonparametric methods. First, frontier production function of polluting firms is characterized by weak disposability between outputs and pollutants to reflecting the opportunity cost to reduce pollutants. The StoNED method is extended to estimate a weak disposability frontier production function accounting for random noise in the data. The method is applied to the U.S. coal power plants under the Acid Rain Program to find the average technical inefficiency and shadow price of SO2 and NOx. Second, polluting firms' production processes are modeled characterizing both the output production process and the pollution abatement process. Using the law of conservation of mass applied to the pollution abatement process, this dissertation develops a new frontier pollutant function which then is used to find corresponding marginal abatement cost of pollutants. The StoNEZD method is applied to estimate a frontier pollutant function considering the vintage of capital owned by the polluting firms. The method is applied to estimate the average NOx marginal abatement cost for the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program. Last, the effect of a technical change on marginal abatement costs are investigated using an index decomposition technique. The StoNEZD method is extended to estimate sequential frontier pollutant functions reflecting the innovation in pollution reduction. The method is then applied to estimate a technical change effect on a marginal abatement cost of the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program.

Mekaroonreung, Maethee

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Hysteresis of a Western Boundary Current Leaping across a Gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized problem of a western boundary current of Munk thickness LM flowing across a gap in a ridge is considered using a single-layer depth-averaged approach. When the gap (of width 2a) is narrow, a 3.12LM, viscous forces alone restrict ...

Vitalii A. Sheremet

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Gap Winds in a Fjord. Part II: Hydraulic Analog  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple shallow-water model of gap wind in a channel that is based upon hydraulic theory is presented and compared with observations and output from a 3D mesoscale numerical model. The model is found to be successful in simulating gap winds. The ...

Peter L. Jackson; D. G. Steyn

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic devices, have to overcome silicon's superb collection of materials properties as well as sophisticated fabrication technologies refined by six decades of effort by materials scientists and engineers. Graphene, one of the latest contenders, has a rather impressive list of features of its own but has lacked a key characteristic of all semiconductors, an energy gap (band gap) in its electronic band structure. A multi-institutional collaboration under the leadership of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have now demonstrated that growing an epitaxial film of graphene on a silicon carbide substrate results in a significant band gap, 0.26 electron volts (eV), an important step toward making graphene useful as a semiconductor.

229

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic devices, have to overcome silicon's superb collection of materials properties as well as sophisticated fabrication technologies refined by six decades of effort by materials scientists and engineers. Graphene, one of the latest contenders, has a rather impressive list of features of its own but has lacked a key characteristic of all semiconductors, an energy gap (band gap) in its electronic band structure. A multi-institutional collaboration under the leadership of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have now demonstrated that growing an epitaxial film of graphene on a silicon carbide substrate results in a significant band gap, 0.26 electron volts (eV), an important step toward making graphene useful as a semiconductor.

230

Review of Used Nuclear Fuel Storage and Transportation Technical Gap  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Analysis Review of Used Nuclear Fuel Storage and Transportation Technical Gap Analysis While both wet and dry storage have been shown to be safe options for storing used nuclear fuel (UNF), the focus of the program is on dry storage of commercial UNF at reactor or centralized locations. This report focuses on the knowledge gaps concerning extended storage identified in numerous domestic and international investigations and provides the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign"s (UFDC) gap description, any alternate gap descriptions, the rankings by the various organizations, evaluation of the priority assignment, and UFDC-recommended action based on the comparison. Review of Used Nuclear Fuel Storage and Transportation Technical Gap Analysis More Documents & Publications

231

Bridging the Gaps of High-Tc Superconductor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bridging the Gaps of High-Tc Bridging the Gaps of High-Tc Superconductor Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductor by Bednorz and Müller in 1986, this field has become one of the most important research topics in solid state physics. In the past 20 years many unconventional properties have been discovered in this new class of materials. These have challenged our conventional wisdom and driven the development of many novel theories. Among these discoveries, the most mysterious is probably the pseudogap phenomena: it has been observed that there is an energy gap above the superconducting transition temperature (TC) that persists over a wide range of temperatures and chemical compositions [1]. This peculiar behavior appears to be very different from a conventional superconductor. Here the electrons form so-called "Cooper pairs", which manifests itself as an energy gap in many spectroscopic measurements. This energy gap, known as superconducting gap, appears only below TC where the electrical resistance also vanishes (hence the name 'superconductor'). This important difference has stimulated lots of debate in the search of understanding high-TC superconductivity on questions such as: "What is the pseudogap?" and "What is its relation to superconducting gap and superconductivity at high temperature?"

232

New Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading experiment By John Greenwald July 10, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One This superconducting wire will become thin as a needle when Oxford Superconducting Technology finishes manufacturing it. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office Of Communications) This superconducting wire will become thin as a needle when Oxford Superconducting Technology finishes manufacturing it. Gallery: Oxford Superconducting begins with a foot-long copper and niobium billet that weighs several hundred pounds. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office Of Communications) Oxford Superconducting begins with a foot-long copper and niobium billet that weighs several hundred pounds. The billets are drawn down until more than a dozen can be stacked inside a hollow copper tube like those that General Manager Jeffrey Parrell shows here. He holds a billet-filled tube that has been drawn down some more.

233

NREL: News - NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar Study shows solar for 1,000 homes would require 32 acres July 30, 2013 The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has published a report on the land use requirements of solar power plants based on actual land-use practices from existing solar facilities. "Having real data from a majority of the solar plants in the United States will help people make proper comparisons and informed decisions," lead author Sean Ong said. The report, "Land-use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States," was written with NREL colleagues Clinton Campbell, Robert Margolis, Paul Denholm and Garvin Heath. Ong gathered data from 72% of the solar power plants installed or under

234

Software Quality Assurance Improvment Plan: ALOHA Gap Analysis, Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final-ALOHA Final-ALOHA Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: ALOHA Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 ALOHA Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii ALOHA Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the chemical source term and atmospheric dispersion computer code, ALOHA 5.2.3, relative to established

235

Financial Fragility, Heterogeneous Firms and the Cross Section of the Business Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which captures uncertainty regarding relative prices. Uncertainty arises because ?rms are price takers and there is a one-period lag between when ?rms borrow on the credit market, hire workers and production takes place, and when they sell their output... . Firms are unable to raise external ?nance on the stock market because of equity rationing (Greenwald et al. (1984) and Myers and Majluf (1984)). Therefore, they rely on internally generated funds as the primary source of funding and resort to bank credit...

Holly, Sean; Santoro, E

236

Analysing firm performance in Chinese IT industry: DEA Malmquist productivity measure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chinese IT industry has become more important and maturity after development for tens of years and come up quickly in global IT market. They may have huge influence on Chinese IT market or even the world. This paper is concerned with the study on exploring ... Keywords: China, DEA, IT industry, Malmquist productivity index, data envelopment analysis, efficiency, efficiency convergence, firm performance, information technology, performance measurement, technical diffusion

Xiaohong Chen; Xiaoding Wang; Desheng Dash Wu; Zejing Zhang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The structural preconditions for maximizing FDI spillovers in Colombia : a sectoral impact analysis of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Industry output, labor payments, firm productivity, and the productive structure (1995-2009)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do multinational corporations (MNCs) crowd out domestic firms in developing countries, or is foreign direct investment (FDI) complementary to domestic firm profitability, productivity, and employment? Empirical literature ...

Hyman, Benjamin G. (Benjamin Gabriel)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Buffalo Gap II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap II Wind Farm Gap II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Buffalo Gap II Wind Farm Facility Buffalo Gap II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer AES Corp. Energy Purchaser Direct Energy Location Taylor County TX Coordinates 32.310556°, -100.149167° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.310556,"lon":-100.149167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

239

Olene Gap Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Olene Gap Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Olene Gap Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Olene Gap Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Olene Gap Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Klamath County, Oregon Coordinates 42.6952767°, -121.6142133° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

240

Closing the Gender Gap in Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Gender Gap in Energy Policy the Gender Gap in Energy Policy Closing the Gender Gap in Energy Policy April 7, 2011 - 3:07pm Addthis Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of the Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis What are the key facts? There's not just a shortage of women in technical energy-related fields, there's also a shortage of women in energy policy. Women hold only 27 percent of the science and engineering jobs in the United States. Editor's Note: Join the conversation surrounding this year's Clean Energy Ministerial on Twitter via #CEM2. There's a well-documented gender gap for women in science and engineering, or women in the "STEM" fields of science, technology, engineering and math. The numbers are stark: According to the National Science Foundation, women hold only 27 percent of the science and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity Alberto E of synaptic transmission: chemical and electrical. While most efforts have been dedicated to the understanding of synaptic transmission: chemical and electrical. In chemical synapses, presynaptic electrical currents

Rash, John E.

242

Design of photonic crystals with multiple and combined band gaps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present and use an algorithm based on convex conic optimization to design two-dimensional photonic crystals with large absolute band gaps. Among several illustrations we show that it is possible to design photonic ...

Men, H.

243

Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene has shown great application potential as the hostmaterial for next-generation electronic devices. However, despite itsintriguing properties, one of the biggest hurdles for graphene to beuseful as an electronic material is the lack of an energy gap in itselectronic spectra. This, for example, prevents the use of graphene inmaking transistors. Although several proposals have been made to open agap in graphene's electronic spectra, they all require complexengineering of the graphene layer. Here, we show that when graphene isepitaxially grown on SiC substrate, a gap of ~;0.26 eV is produced. Thisgap decreases as the sample thickness increases and eventually approacheszero when the number of layers exceeds four. We propose that the originof this gap is the breaking of sublattice symmetry owing to thegraphene-substrate interaction. We believe that our results highlight apromising direction for band gap engineering of graphene.

Zhou, S.Y.; Gweon, G.-H.; Fedorov, A.V.; First, P.N.; de Heer,W.A.; Lee, D.-H.; Guinea, F.; Castro Neto, A.H.; Lanzara, A.

2007-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

245

Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap  

SciTech Connect

A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).

Hsu, John S.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

Energy gap of Kronig-Penney-type hydrogenated graphene superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electronic structure of graphene-graphane superlattices with armchair interfaces is investigated with first-principles density-functional theory. By separately varying the widths, we find that the energy gap Eg is ...

Lee, Joo-Hyoung

247

Feasibility of band gap engineering of pyrite FeS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use first-principles computations to investigate whether the band gap of pyrite FeS? can be increased by alloying in order to make it a more effective photovoltaic material. In addition to the isostructural compounds ...

Sun, Ruoshi

248

Closing gaps in the human genome using sequencing by synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most recent release of the finished human genome contains 260 euchromatic gaps (excluding chromosome Y). Recent work has helped explain a large number of these unresolved regions as 'structural' in nature. Another class ...

Arachchi, Harindra M.

249

Tunable nanometer electrode gaps by MeV ion irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the use of MeV ion-irradiation-induced plastic deformation of amorphous materials to fabricate electrodes with nanometer-sized gaps. Plastic deformation of the amorphous metal Pd{sub 80}Si{sub 20} is induced by 4.64 MeV O{sup 2+} ion irradiation, allowing the complete closing of a sub-micrometer gap. We measure the evolving gap size in situ by monitoring the field emission current-voltage (I-V) characteristics between electrodes. The I-V behavior is consistent with Fowler-Nordheim tunneling. We show that using feedback control on this signal permits gap size fabrication with atomic-scale precision. We expect this approach to nanogap fabrication will enable the practical realization of single molecule controlled devices and sensors.

Cheang-Wong, J.-C.; Narumi, K.; Schuermann, G. M. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Aziz, M. J. [School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Golovchenko, J. A. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

250

Excitonic gap, phase transition, and quantum Hall effect in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest that physics underlying the recently observed removal of sublattice and spin degeneracies in graphene in a strong magnetic field describes a phase transition connected with the generation of an excitonic gap. The experimental form of the Hall conductivity is reproduced and the main characteristics of the dynamics are described. Predictions of the behavior of the gap as a function of temperature and a gate voltage are made.

V. P. Gusynin; V. A. Miransky; S. G. Sharapov; I. A. Shovkovy

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

251

Truth-telling by Third-party Auditors and the Response of Polluting Firms: Experimental Evidence from India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many regulated markets, private, third-party auditors are chosen and paid by the firms that they audit, potentially creating a conflict of interest. This paper reports on a two-year field experiment in the Indian state ...

Duflo, Esther

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

252

Why did they comply while others did not? : environmental compliance of small firms and implications for regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This doctoral dissertation aims to offer new insights into the environmental compliance behavior of small firms (SFs). Specifically, the dissertation examines the impacts of two categories of factors. The first category ...

Lee, Eungkyoon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Mr. L. Roger Hutson Roger Hutson is the President/CEO of HRM Resources LLC., a private firm specializing in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mr. L. Roger Hutson Roger Hutson is the President/CEO of HRM Resources LLC., a private firm of the Board and as Chairman of the Finance and Audit Committee. Contact Information: Mr. L. Roger Hutson HRM

254

Stripe Forming Architecture of the Gap Gene System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report, we show that gap genes encode exactly one set of pair-rule stripes, which occur in the native even-skipped position. The core of this work is a detailed analysis that shows how this conclusion follows from the arrangement of gap domains in the embryo. This analysis shows that: (1) pattern forming information is transmitted from gap to pair-rule genes by means of a nonredundant set of morphogenetic gradients, and (2) the stripe forming capability of the gap genes is constrained by the arrangement of these gradients and by the fact that each gap domain consists of a pair of correlated gradients. We also show that in the blastoderm, the regulatory sign of a transcriptional regulator is unlikely to change in a concentration dependent manner. The principal analytic tool used to establish these results is the gene circuit method. Here, this method is applied to examine hybrid data sets consisting of real gene expression data for four gap genes and hypothetica...

John Reinitz David; David Kosman; Carlos E. Vanario-alonso; David H. Sharp

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

GAP Final Technical Report 12-14-04  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Genomics Annotation Platform (GAP) was designed to develop new tools for high throughput functional annotation and characterization of protein sequences and structures resulting from genomics and structural proteomics, benchmarking and application of those tools. Furthermore, this platform integrated the genomic scale sequence and structural analysis and prediction tools with the advanced structure prediction and bioinformatics environment of ICM. The development of GAP was primarily oriented towards the annotation of new biomolecular structures using both structural and sequence data. Even though the amount of protein X-ray crystal data is growing exponentially, the volume of sequence data is growing even more rapidly. This trend was exploited by leveraging the wealth of sequence data to provide functional annotation for protein structures. The additional information provided by GAP is expected to assist the majority of the commercial users of ICM, who are involved in drug discovery, in identifying promising drug targets as well in devising strategies for the rational design of therapeutics directed at the protein of interest. The GAP also provided valuable tools for biochemistry education, and structural genomics centers. In addition, GAP incorporates many novel prediction and analysis methods not available in other molecular modeling packages. This development led to signing the first Molsoft agreement in the structural genomics annotation area with the University of oxford Structural Genomics Center. This commercial agreement validated the Molsoft efforts under the GAP project and provided the basis for further development of the large scale functional annotation platform.

Andrew J. Bordner, PhD, Senior Research Scientist

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

256

Identifying and bridging the gaps of ICT integration in primary and secondary education in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to explore gaps of ICT integration in Indonesian education in primary and secondary schools in Indonesia. The gaps of (more)

Mutohar, Agus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Investigating the book-tax income gap : factors which affect the gap and details regarding its most significant component  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) In total, my thesis suggests that recent changes in the book-tax income gap may be exogenous and transitory, due to changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions or other factors which ...

Seidman, Jeri

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Energy coservation status and needs: medium-sized commercial/industrial firms  

SciTech Connect

The potential for conserving energy by Seattle City Light's commercial/industrial customers is investigated. The results of the study will help SCL and others to provide energy- and money-saving help to their medium-sized business customers. Fifty in-person interviews of firms within the SCL area and 102 mailed questionnaires from customers outside the area in Washington and Oregon were analyzed. Researchers found that many steps requiring little cost have been implemented, but instituting further hard conservation measures such as new machinery, retrofitting, or changes in machine operations are lacking. (MCW)

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Dynamics of an electron in an rf gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to understand the limitation on the energy transfer efficiency of an electron beam to the rf output cavity of a klystron or a lasertron. An output cavity with drift tubes is modeled in this calculation by a region of constant amplitude rf field with exponentially decreasing entrance and exit fringing fields. The exit velocity of an electron traversing such a gap is examined as a function of entrance phase for various values of the ratio of the peak rf cavity voltage to electron entrance voltage. Depending on this ratio, the dynamics of the electron motion can become quite complex. For a gap with fringe fields it is found that, even if the gap voltage and phase are optimized, the maximum energy that can be extracted from a short bunch is always significantly less than 100%. The case in which the electron is created with zero velocity in the gap, and subsequently leaves the gap having extracted energy from the rf field, is also treated. 4 refs., 10 figs.

Farkas, Z.D.; Wilson, P.B.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Integrative framework for assessing firms' potential to undertake Green IT initiatives via virtualization - A theoretical perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green IT (information technology) has recently emerged into an active research area in the information systems (IS) discipline. A major gap that exists in the Green IT research literature today is the absence of a theoretical framework that can be used ... Keywords: Green information technology implementation, Green information technology practice, Integrative theoretical framework, Process virtualization

Ranjit Bose; Xin Luo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Buffalo Gap 3 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buffalo Gap 3 Wind Farm Buffalo Gap 3 Wind Farm Facility Buffalo Gap 3 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AES Wind Generation Developer AES Wind Generation Energy Purchaser Direct Energy Location TX Coordinates 32.310556°, -100.149167° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.310556,"lon":-100.149167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

262

NGNP Project Regulatory Gap Analysis for Modular HTGRs  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project Regulatory Gap Analysis (RGA) for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTGR) was conducted to evaluate existing regulatory requirements and guidance against the design characteristics specific to a generic modular HTGR. This final report presents results and identifies regulatory gaps concerning current Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing requirements that apply to the modular HTGR design concept. This report contains appendices that highlight important HTGR licensing issues that were found during the RGA study. The information contained in this report will be used to further efforts in reconciling HTGR-related gaps in the NRC licensing structure, which has to date largely focused on light water reactor technology.

Wayne Moe

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The gender gap on concept inventories in physics: what is consistent, what is inconsistent, and what factors influence the gap?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the literature on the gender gap on concept inventories in physics. Across studies, men consistently score higher on pre-tests of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) by about 10%, and in most cases score higher on post-tests as well, also by about 10%. The average difference in normalized gain is about 6%. This difference is much smaller than the average difference in normalized gain between traditional lecture and interactive engagement (25%), but is large enough that it could impact the results of studies comparing the effectiveness of different teaching methods. Based on our analysis of 24 published articles comparing the impact of 34 factors that could potentially influence the gender gap, no single factor is sufficient to explain the gap. Several high-profile studies that have claimed to account for or reduce the gender gap have failed to be replicated, suggesting that isolated claims of explanations of the gender gap should be interpreted with ca...

Madsen, Adrian; Sayre, Eleanor C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Numericl modeling of graded band gap CIGS solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The high efficiency reported recently by NREL for CIGS solar cells demonstrates the potential of band gap grading in producing high efficiency thin film solar cells. In order to reap the full benefits of this design strategy, a clear understanding of the fundamental device physics of these structures is needed. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role grading of the band gap plays in achieving high conversion efficiencies. To aid in this examination, a detailed numerical device simulation program, ADEPT, is used.

Gray, J.L.; Lee, Youn Jung

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

A new gap separation mechanism for APS insertion devices.  

SciTech Connect

A new gap separation mechanism for use with the standard Advanced Photon Source (APS) 3.3-cm-period undulator magnetic structures has been designed and built and the first system has been installed in the APS storage ring. The system allows a minimum magnetic gap of 10 mm for use with the APS 8-mm insertion device vacuum chambers. The mechanism is a bolted steel frame structure with a simple 4-motor mechanical drive train. The control system uses servomotors with incremental rotary encoders and virtual absolute linear encoders.

Trakhtenberg, E. M.; Tcheskidov, V.; Den Hartog, P. K.; Deriy, B.; Erdmann, M.; Makarov, O.; Moog, E. R.

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

266

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 10830 of 28,905 results. 21 - 10830 of 28,905 results. Download UDAC Meeting- October 14, 2009 Meeting minutes from the October 14, 2009 meeting http://energy.gov/fe/downloads/udac-meeting-october-14-2009 Download Accelerating Cleanup focus on 2006 http://energy.gov/management/downloads/accelerating-cleanup-focus-2006 Download EIS-0370: Final Environmental Impact Statement Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0370-final-environmental-impact-statement Download Comments to the Designation of National Interest Transmission Bottlenecks (NIETB) Notice of Inquiry http://energy.gov/oe/downloads/comments-designation-national-interest-transmission-bottlenecks-nietb-notice-inquiry Download 2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report- EM Consolidated Business Center

267

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

201 - 4210 of 28,905 results. 201 - 4210 of 28,905 results. Download EIS-0442: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Reauthorization of Permits, Maintenance, and Vegetation Management on Western Area Power Administration Transmission Lines on Forest Service Lands, Colorado, Nebraska, and Utah http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0442-epa-notice-availability-draft-environmental-impact-statement Download EIS-0370: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0370-epa-notice-availability-final-environmental-impact-statement Download CX-006073: Categorical Exclusion Determination Demolition and Disposal of Buildings CX(s) Applied: B1.23 Date: 06/20/2011 Location(s): Richland, Washington

268

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 17790 of 26,764 results. 81 - 17790 of 26,764 results. Page EA-1900: Radiological Work and Storage Building at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Kesselring Site, West Milton, New York The Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program (NNPP) intent to prepare an Environmental Assessment for a radiological work and storage building at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (Kesselring Site in West Milton, New York. A new facility is needed to streamline radioactive material handling and storage operations, permit demolition of aging facilities, and accommodate efficient maintenance of existing nuclear reactors. http://energy.gov/nepa/ea-1900-radiological-work-and-storage-building-knolls-atomic-power-laboratory-kesselring-site Page EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado This EIS, prepared by the Department of the Interior (Bureau of

269

Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners Title Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2000 Authors Shugars, John, Philip Coleman, Christopher T. Payne, and Laura Van Wie McGrory Conference Name Proceedings from the 2000 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Volume 10 Pagination 217-226 Date Published 01/2000 Abstract The energy efficiency ofmany products has increased markedly over the past decade. A conspicuous exception to this trend is commercialpackaged rooftop air conditioners, which have experiencedlittle to no efficiency improvement since 1992 when the Energy Policy Act of 1992 imposed federal minimum standards. Packaged rooftop units have been estimated to use on the order of76 billion kWh annually in the US, at a cost ofroughly $5.6 billion. Sales of these units are growing, and the majority of units sold have energy efficiency ratios (EERs) at orjust above the current national minimum efficiency standards. In this paper we document the static efficiencies ofcommercialpackaged air conditioners, explore the reasons behindthis efficiency gap, and assess opportunities for overcoming the barriers to efficiency improvements in these products.

270

Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity Alberto E of synaptic transmission: chemical and electrical. While most efforts have been dedicated to the understanding in revised form 16 May 2012 Accepted 23 May 2012 Available online 31 May 2012 Keywords: Electrical synapse

Rash, John E.

271

Thermally Driven Gap Winds into the Mexico City Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A southeasterly flow in the form of a low-level jet that enters the Mexico City basin through a mountain gap in the southeast corner of the basin developed consistently in the afternoons or early evenings during a four-week 1997 winter field ...

J. C. Doran; S. Zhong

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Observations of gas flows inside a protoplanetary gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gaseous giant planet formation is thought to occur in the first few million years following stellar birth. Models predict that giant planet formation carves a deep gap in the dust component (shallower in the gas). Infrared observations of the disk around the young star HD142527, at ~140pc, found an inner disk ~10AU in radius, surrounded by a particularly large gap, with a disrupted outer disk beyond 140AU, indicative of a perturbing planetary-mass body at ~90 AU. From radio observations, the bulk mass is molecular and lies in the outer disk, whose continuum emission has a horseshoe morphology. The vigorous stellar accretion rate would deplete the inner disk in less than a year, so in order to sustain the observed accretion, matter must flow from the outer-disk into the cavity and cross the gap. In dynamical models, the putative protoplanets channel outer-disk material into gap-crossing bridges that feed stellar accretion through the inner disk. Here we report observations with the Atacama Large Millimetre Arr...

Casassus, Simon; M., Sebastian Perez; Dent, William R F; Fomalont, Ed; Hagelberg, Janis; Hales, Antonio; Jordn, Andrs; Mawet, Dimitri; Mnard, Francois; Wootten, Al; Wilner, David; Hughes, A Meredith; Schreiber, Matthias R; Girard, Julien H; Ercolano, Barbara; Canovas, Hector; Romn, Pablo E; Salinas, Vachail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Adaptive fuzzy control for inter-vehicle gap keeping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractThere is a broad range of diverse technologies under the generic topic of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) that holds the answer to many of the transportation problems. In this paper, one approach to ITS is presented. One of the most important research topics in this field is adaptive cruise control (ACC). The main features of this kind of controller are the adaptation of the speed of the car to a predefined one and the keeping of a safe gap between the controlled car and the preceding vehicle on the road. We present an ACC controller based on fuzzy logic, which assists the speed and distance vehicle control, offering driving strategies and actuation over the throttle of a car. The driving information is supplied by the car tachometer and a RTK differential GPS, and the actuation over the car is made through an electronic interface that simulates the electrical signal of the accelerator pedal directly to the onboard computer. This control is embedded in an automatic driving system installed in two testbed mass-produced cars instrumented for testing the work of these controllers in a real environment. The results obtained in these experiments show a very good performance of the gap controller, which is adaptable to all the speeds and safe gap selections. Index TermsAutonomous vehicles, longitudinal control, intelligent vehicles, field experiments, fuzzy logic, adaptive cruise control (ACC), safe gap, Stop&Go, platoon driving, wireless communications, intelligent transportation systems (ITS). I.

Jos E. Naranjo; Carlos Gonzlez; Jess Reviejo; Ricardo Garca; Teresa De Pedro

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Bridging the semantic gap in sports video retrieval and summarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major challenges facing current media management systems and related applications is the so-called ''semantic gap'' between the rich meaning that a user desires and the shallowness of the content descriptions that are automatically extracted ... Keywords: Event detection, Semantic video analysis, Video summarization

Baoxin Li; James H. Errico; Hao Pan; Ibrahim Sezan

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Scaling up energy efficiency: bridging the action gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling up energy efficiency: bridging the action gap 2-3 April 2007 International Energy Agency the efficiency with which energy is produced and used is important because this addresses policy objectives concentrations, accelerating global warming and climate change. The importance of energy efficiency

276

Addressing the semantic gap between video sensors and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a framework to support the bridging of applications and computer-vision based sensor networks. We argue that the semantic gap, the difference between the data collected in a sensor network and the information needed by the application, ... Keywords: data fusion, user interfaces, video sensors

Wu-chi Feng; Khanh Nguyen; Feng Liu; Thanh Dang

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Spectral gap for the zero range process with constant rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve an open problem concerning the relaxation time (inverse spectral gap) of the zero range process in $\\mathbf {Z}^d/L\\mathbf {Z}^d$ with constant rate, proving a tight upper bound of $O((\\rho +1)^2L^2)$, where $\\rho$ is the density of particles.

Ben Morris

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

278

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: April 28, 6: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap on AddThis.com... Fact #516: April 28, 2008 The Petroleum Gap In 1989 the transportation sector petroleum consumption surpassed U.S. petroleum production for the first time, creating a gap that must be met

279

SF 6432-FP Standard Terms and Conditions for Firm Fixed-price Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FP (04-95) FP (04-95) Sections II & III SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. No. Title Page "A" Clauses apply to Requests for Quotation and Contracts at any value A10 Definitions 2 A11 Unclassified Contract 2 A12 Assignment 2 *A13 Releases Void 2 *A14 Notice of Labor Disputes 2 A17 Delegated Representatives 2 *A18 Defense Priority and Allocation System 2 A19 Terms and Conditions 3 *A20 Permits 3 *A23 Applicable Law 3 A25 Commerce in Explosives, Firearms and 3 Ammunition - Exemption *A27 Order of Precedence

280

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Wind Firming EnergyFarm - Tom Stepien, Primus Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Firming EnergyFarm DOE Peer Review September 26, 2012 2 Primus Power is on track to deliver EnergyPods TM to California's Modesto Irrigation District starting 2014 EnergyPod TM 250 kW  1 MWh PowerBox Supports 8 EnergyPods TM 3 How will storage integrate into Modesto's system? Modesto's daily load ? Storage Hydro Coal & Gas Wind Solar 4 Modesto's 25 MW McHenry solar farm 5 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and solar energy 25 MW McHenry Solar Farm 6 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and solar energy 25 MW McHenry Solar Farm 8.7 MW up in 15 min 15 MW down in 15 min 4-Aug-12 7 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Smoothness of the Gap Function in the BCS-Bogoliubov Theory of Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We deal with the gap equation in the BCS-Bogoliubov theory of superconductivity, where the gap function is a function of the temperature $T$ only. We show that the squared gap function is of class $C^2$ on the closed interval $[\\,0,\\,T_c\\,]$. Here, $T_c$ stands for the transition temperature. Furthermore, we show that the gap function is monotonically decreasing on $[0,\\,T_c]$ and obtain the behavior of the gap function at $T=T_c$. We mathematically point out some more properties of the gap function.

Shuji Watanabe

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social-Welfare-Improving Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission Grid Study of the U.S. Department of Energy (Abraham, 2002) declares: "Growth in electricity of incentives for investment in the U.S. electricity transmission system are sparse. Moreover, noneDo Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social

Oren, Shmuel S.

283

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social-Welfare-Improving Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generation firms have in restructured electricity markets for supporting long-term transmission investments electricity markets, have the incentives to fund or support incremental social-welfare-improving transmission.S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity

284

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i How do consumers and firms purchase equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Natural Resources Canada with maintaining an ongoing database of information in the field of equipment, this report is an attempt to synthesize the information in the database; it outlines the most important issues. ........................................................16 7. DOCUMENT AND DATABASE REFERENCESERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. #12;How do consumers and firms

285

Joint selection of customs broker agencies and international road transportation firms by a fuzzy analytic network process approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers a special case for logistics activities in Turkey: a joint selection of customs broker agency and international road transportation firm. For this purpose a decision-making team has been constituted, including members of logistics ... Keywords: Analytic network process, Customs broker, Fuzzy sets, International road transportation, Logistic activities

Arzum zgen; Mehmet Tanyas

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Migrating to internet-based e-commerce: factors affecting e-commerce adoption and migration at the firm level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web technology has enabled e-commerce. However, in our review of the literature, we found little research on how firms can better position themselves when adopting e-commerce for revenue generation. Drawing upon technology diffusion theory, we developed ... Keywords: EDI, e-commerce, innovation adoption, internet technology, migration, outsourcing, technology diffusion

Weiyin Hong; Kevin Zhu

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

The use of a hybrid fuzzy-Delphi-AHP approach to develop global business intelligence for information service firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to globalization and saturated domestic markets, information service firms, upon growing to a certain size, gradually focus their business efforts on reaching global markets. In order to reduce business risk in developing international markets, using ... Keywords: Alliance, Business intelligence (BI), Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), Fuzzy modified Delphi method, Information services industry, Modified Delphi approach

Ming-Kuen Chen; Shih-Ching Wang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Developing an organizational attributes-based continuous-learning KM model for knowledge-intensive small firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we draw on the knowledge market analogy and integrate the considerations of organizational culture and attributes, knowledge management (KM) guiding principles and continuous learning-based systems development into the design of a model ... Keywords: KM guiding principles, continuous learning, knowledge intensive firms, knowledge management, knowledge market, organizational culture

Pi-Sheng Deng

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Microsoft Word - IMBA Gap Analysis Final 20060831.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/EH-0711 DOE/EH-0711 Gap Analysis for IMBA and DOE Safety Software Central Registry Recommendation Final U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-2040 August 2006 DOE/EH-0711 i INTENTIONALLY BLANK DOE/EH-0711 ii FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the safety software quality assurance attributes of the Integrated Modules for Bioassay Analysis (IMBA) Expert (tm) USDOE-Edition and Professional Plus computer products relative to the safety software requirements identified in DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This evaluation, a gap analysis, is performed according to DOE G 414.1-4 and is a requisite

290

Pleasant Gap, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Gap, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.8681177°, -77.7466665° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8681177,"lon":-77.7466665,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

291

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs - Phase 2 (July/August 2013) Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs - Phase 2 (July/August 2013) DOE has recognized that the electricity industry needs workforce development resources that can aid in the accelerating need for Secure Power Systems Professionals, while at the same time identifying capabilities and competencies to protect and enable the modernized grid currently being built. In the spring of 2011 a project was initiated to identify those capabilities and competencies along with assessing the need and qualifications for a certification program for Secure Power Systems

292

Selection Intensity in Genetic Algorithms with Generation Gaps  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents calculations of the selection intensity of common selection and replacement methods used in genetic algorithms (GAs) with generation gaps. The selection intensity measures the increase of the average fitness of the population after selection, and it can be used to predict the average fitness of the population at each iteration as well as the number of steps until the population converges to a unique solution. In addition, the theory explains the fast convergence of some algorithms with small generation gaps. The accuracy of the calculations was verified experimentally with a simple test function. The results of this study facilitate comparisons between different algorithms, and provide a tool to adjust the selection pressure, which is indispensable to obtain robust algorithms.

Cantu-Paz, E.

2000-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

RADIOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS OF SNAP FUEL ELEMENT END GAPS  

SciTech Connect

A nondestructive method was developed for measuring the spacings at the ends of fuel rods in completed SNAP fuel elements. A precisely aligned radiographic technique is employed to form an undistorted image on extra fine grain radiographic film. The end gap is then measured with a 20 x measuring microscope. The radiographic technique, alignment gages, and film reading methods are described for measuring gaps at the blend end and blind end of the fuel elements. The accuracy of measurements at the blend end ranges from plus or minus 0.0005 in. for spacings up to 0.010 in. to plus or minus 0.002 in. for spacings above 0.025 in. The accuracy at the blind end is about one-half that at the blend end. (auth)

Barry, R.C.

1962-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Spark gap switch system with condensable dielectric gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark gap switch system is disclosed which is capable of operating at a high pulse rate comprising an insulated switch housing having a purging gas entrance port and a gas exit port, a pair of spaced apart electrodes each having one end thereof within the housing and defining a spark gap therebetween, an easily condensable and preferably low molecular weight insulating gas flowing through the switch housing from the housing, a heat exchanger/condenser for condensing the insulating gas after it exits from the housing, a pump for recirculating the condensed insulating gas as a liquid back to the housing, and a heater exchanger/evaporator to vaporize at least a portion of the condensed insulating gas back into a vapor prior to flowing the insulating gas back into the housing.

Thayer, III, William J. (Kent, WA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The imaginary part of the gap function in color superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We clarify general properties of the energy gap regarding its functional dependence on the energy-momentum dictated by the invariance under a space inversion or a time reversal. Then we derive perturbatively the equation of the imaginary part of the gap function for dense QCD in weak coupling and generalize our results from 2SC case to CFL case. We confirm that the imaginary part is down by $g$ relative to the real part in weak coupling. The numerical results show that, up to the leading order, the imaginary part is no larger than one MeV at extremely large densities and can be as large as several MeV the densities are of physical interest.

Bo Feng; Defu Hou; Jiarong Li; Hai-cang Ren

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

296

LHC Abort Gap Cleaning Studies During Luminosity Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presence of significant intensities of un-bunched beam is a potentially serious issue in the LHC. Procedures using damper kickers for cleaning both the Abort Gap (AG) and the buckets targeted for injection, are currently in operation at flat bottom. Recent observations of relatively high population of the AG during physics runs brought up the need for AG cleaning during luminosity operation. In this paper the results of experimental studies performed in October 2011 are presented.

Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; /Fermilab; Bartmann, W.; Boccardi, A.; Bracco, C.; Bravin, E.; Goddard, B.; Hofle, W.; Jacquet, D.; Jeff, A.; Kain, V.; Meddahi, M.; /CERN

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

297

Gap Analysis Comparing LLNL ISMS and ISO 14001  

SciTech Connect

A gap analysis was conducted comparing the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) with the international standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1. This analysis was accomplished as part of LLNL's assessment of the impacts of adopting DOE Order 450.1 and comprises a portion of its continuous improvement efforts under ISMS.

Doerr, T B

2004-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

298

Gender Gaps in the Mathematical Sciences: The Creativity Factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents an overview, and recent history, of studies of gender gaps in the mathematically-intensive sciences. Included are several statistics about gender differences in science, and about public resources aimed at addressing them. We then examine the role that gender differences in creativity play in explaining the recent and current gender differences in the mathematical sciences, and identify several constructive suggestions aimed at improving analytical creativity output in research institutions.

Hill, Theodore P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Gas flow stabilized megavolt spark gap for repetitive pulses  

SciTech Connect

A high voltage spark gap switch including a housing having first and second end walls being spaced apart by a predetermined distance. A first electrode is positioned on the first end wall and a second electrode is positioned on the second end wall. The first and second electrodes are operatively disposed relative to each other and are spaced apart by a predetermined gap. An inlet conduit is provided for supplying gas to the first electrode. The conduit includes a nozzle for dispersing the gas in the shape of an annular jet. The gas is supplied into the housing at a predetermined velocity. A venturi housing is disposed within the second electrode. An exhaust conduit is provided for discharging gas and residue from the housing. The gas supplied at the predetermined velocity to the housing through the inlet conduit and the nozzle in an annular shape traverses the gap between the first and second electrodes and entrains low velocity gas within the housing decreasing the velocity of the gas supplied to the housing and increasing the diameter of the annular shape. The venturi disposed within the second electrode recirculates a large volume of gas to clean and cool the surface of the electrodes.

Lawson, Robert N. (Albuquerque, NM); O' Malley, Martin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Rohwein, Gerald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Implications of mercury interactions with band-gap semiconductor oxides  

SciTech Connect

Titanium dioxide is a well-known photooxidation catalyst. It will oxidize mercury in the presence of ultraviolet light from the sun and oxygen and/or moisture to form mercuric oxide. Several companies manufacture self-cleaning windows. These windows have a transparent coating of titanium dioxide. The titanium dioxide is capable of destroying organic contaminants in air in the presence of ultraviolet light from the sun, thereby keeping the windows clean. The commercially available self-cleaning windows were used to sequester mercury from oxygennitrogen mixtures. Samples of the self-cleaning glass were placed into specially designed photo-reactors in order to study the removal of elemental mercury from oxygennitrogen mixtures resembling air. The possibility of removing mercury from ambient air with a self-cleaning glass apparatus is examined. The intensity of 365-nm ultraviolet light was similar to the natural intensity from sunlight in the Pittsburgh region. Passive removal of mercury from the air may represent an option in lieu of, or in addition to, point source clean-up at combustion facilities. There are several common band-gap semiconductor oxide photocatalysts. Sunlight (both the ultraviolet and visible light components) and band-gap semiconductor particles may have a small impact on the global cycle of mercury in the environment. The potential environmental consequences of mercury interactions with band-gap semiconductor oxides are discussed. Heterogeneous photooxidation might impact the global transport of elemental mercury emanating from flue gases.

Granite, E.J.; King, W.P.; Stanko, D.C.; Pennline, H.W.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Technical Standards, CFAST-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, CFAST-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 DOE-EH-4.2.1.3-CFAST-Gap Analysis, Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: CFAST Gap Analysis This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the CFAST computer code for accident analysis applications, relative to established requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis," is performed to meet commitment 4.2.1.3 of the Department of Energy's Implementation Plan to resolve SQA issues identified in the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1. Technical Standards, CFAST-Gap Analysis More Documents & Publications Technical Standards, CFAST-Code Guidance - July 23, 2004 Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004

302

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: March 6, 2006 4: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap on AddThis.com... Fact #414: March 6, 2006 The Petroleum Gap Since 1989, the transportation sector alone has used more petroleum than the United States produces. The current projections indicate that by the

303

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the...

304

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: April 16, 5: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap on AddThis.com... Fact #465: April 16, 2007 The Petroleum Gap (Revised April 18, 2007) Since 1989, the transportation sector alone has used more petroleum than

305

Gap Winds in a Fjord. Part I: Observations and Numerical Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gap winds in Howe Sound, British Columbia, are described and placed in context by reviewing studies of similar phenomena in other locations. An observational program consisting of a surface mesonetwork and vertical soundings shows that gap winds ...

Peter L. Jackson; D. G. Steyn

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Wind Regimes Associated with a Mountain Gap at the Northeastern Adriatic Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winds through the Vratnik Pass, a mountain gap in the Dinaric Alps, Croatia, are polarized along the gap axis that extends in the northeastsouthwest direction. Although stronger northeasterly wind at the Vratnik Pass is frequently related to the ...

Danijel Belui?; Mario Hrastinski; eljko Ve?enaj; Branko Grisogono

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Efficient algorithms for pattern matching with general gaps, character classes, and transposition invariance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop efficient dynamic programming algorithms for pattern matching with general gaps and character classes. We consider patterns of the form p 0 g( Keywords: Bounded length gaps, Character classes, Sparse dynamic programming, String matching, Transposition invariance

Kimmo Fredriksson; Szymon Grabowski

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Gap Flows through Idealized Topography. Part II: Effects of Rotation and Surface Friction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations are conducted of geostrophically balanced flow over an isolated mountain cut by a horizontal gap. The relative importance of the along-gap synoptic-scale pressure gradient and terrain-induced mesoscale circulations for the ...

Saa Gaberek; Dale R. Durran

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Wind Regimes Associated with a Mountain Gap at the Northeastern Adriatic Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winds through the Vratnik Pass, a mountain gap in the Dinaric Alps, Croatia, are polarized along the gap axis that extends in the northeast-southwest direction. Although stronger northeasterly wind at the Vratnik Pass is frequently related to the ...

Danijel Belui?; Mario Hrastinski; eljko Ve?enaj; Branko Grisogono

310

Wavenumber Analysis of Azimuthally Distributed Data: Assessing Maximum Allowable Gap Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performing wavenumber decomposition on azimuthally distributed data such as those in tropical cyclones can be challenging when data gaps exist in the signal. In the literature, ad hoc approaches are found to determine maximum gap size beyond which ...

Sylvie Lorsolo; Altu? Aksoy

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

White-light scanning interferometer for absolute nano-scale gap thickness measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A special configuration of white-light scanning interferometer is described for measuring the absolute air gap thickness between two planar plates brought into close proximity. The measured gap is not located in any ...

Xu, Zhiguang

312

Engineers and the Web: An analysis of real life gaps in information usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineers face a wide range of gaps when trying to identify, acquire, and utilize information from the Web. To be able to avoid creating such gaps, it is essential to understand them in detail. This paper reports the results of a study of the real life ... Keywords: Critical incident technique, Engineers, Gaps, Information usage processes

Jeroen Kraaijenbrink

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

An Observational Study of the Boundary-Layer Winds in the Exit Region of a Mountain Gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observational study was undertaken at selected sites in and around a mountain gap to understand the downwind increase of winds transiting the gap. Observations indicate that there is a fanning out of surface winds emerging out of the gap. ...

G. Ramachandran; K. V. Rao; K. Krishna

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Examination of Factors Contributing to the Achievement Gap of Native American Students in Select School Districts in Michigan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Most of the studies on student achievement gaps involve the Black-White achievement gap due to the availability of significant sample populations in order to draw (more)

Harwood, Thomas R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: MACCS2 Gap Analysis The MACCS2 software, for radiological dispersion and consequence analysis, is one of the codes designated for the toolbox. To determine the actions needed to bring the MACCS2 code into compliance with the SQA qualification criteria, and develop an estimate of the resources required to perform the upgrade, the Implementation Plan has committed to sponsoring a code-specific gap analysis document. Technical Standards, MACCS2, Gap Analysis More Documents & Publications Technical Standards, Guidance on MACCS2 Computer Code - June 30, 2004 Technical Standards, MELCOR - Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004

316

Chiral symmetry breaking revisited: the gap equation with lattice ingredients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study chiral symmetry breaking in QCD, using as ingredients in the quark gap equation recent lattice results for the gluon and ghost propagators. The Ansatz employed for the quark-gluon vertex is purely non-Abelian, introducing a crucial dependence on the ghost dressing function and the quark-ghost scattering amplitude. The numerical impact of these quantities is considerable: the need to invoke confinement explicitly is avoided, and the dynamical quark masses generated are of the order of 300 MeV. In addition, the pion decay constant and the quark condensate are computed, and are found to be in good agreement with phenomenology.

Aguilar, Arlene C. [Federal University of ABC, CCNH, Rua Santa Adelia 166, CEP 09210-170, Santo Andre (Brazil)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

317

Direct control of air gap flux in permanent magnet machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for field weakening in PM machines uses field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72) to produce flux in one or more stators (34, 49, 63, 64), including a flux which counters flux normally produced in air gaps between the stator(s) (34, 49, 63, 64) and the rotor (20, 21, 41, 61) which carries the PM poles. Several modes of operation are introduced depending on the magnitude and polarity of current in the field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72). The invention is particularly useful for, but not limited to, the electric vehicle drives and PM generators.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fermi velocity renormalization and dynamical gap generation in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the renormalization of the Fermi velocity by the long-range Coulomb interactions between the charge carriers in the Dirac-cone approximation for the effective low-energy description of the electronic excitations in graphene at half filling. Solving the coupled system of Dyson-Schwinger equations for the dressing functions in the corresponding fermion propagator with various approximations for the particle-hole polarization we observe that Fermi velocity renormalization effects generally lead to a considerable increase of the critical coupling for dynamical gap generation and charge-density wave formation at the semimetal-insulator transition.

C. Popovici; C. S. Fischer; L. von Smekal

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

319

An Optical Disdrometer for the Measurement of Raindrop Size Spectra in Windy Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An instrument for measuring the size and concentration of raindrops is described which has the ability to function equally well in calm conditions and strong winds. Raindrops are detected optically in a shadowgraph-type imaging system. A unique ...

A. J. Illingworth; C. J. Stevens

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Thermal performance simulation of a solar cavity receiver under windy conditions  

SciTech Connect

Solar cavity receiver plays a dominant role in the light-heat conversion. Its performance can directly affect the efficiency of the whole power generation system. A combined calculation method for evaluating the thermal performance of the solar cavity receiver is raised in this paper. This method couples the Monte-Carlo method, the correlations of the flow boiling heat transfer, and the calculation of air flow field. And this method can ultimately figure out the surface heat flux inside the cavity, the wall temperature of the boiling tubes, and the heat loss of the solar receiver with an iterative solution. With this method, the thermal performance of a solar cavity receiver, a saturated steam receiver, is simulated under different wind environments. The highest wall temperature of the boiling tubes is about 150 C higher than the water saturation temperature. And it appears in the upper middle parts of the absorbing panels. Changing the wind angle or velocity can obviously affect the air velocity inside the receiver. The air velocity reaches the maximum value when the wind comes from the side of the receiver (flow angle {alpha} = 90 ). The heat loss of the solar cavity receiver also reaches a maximum for the side-on wind. (author)

Fang, J.B.; Wei, J.J.; Dong, X.W.; Wang, Y.S. [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

On the Valuation of Warrants and Executive Stock Options: Pricing Formulae for Firms with Multiple Warrants/Executive Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the options or canceling an executive's existing options and granting him or her new options with a lower strike price, although not as frequent, are also in the agenda. Among others, Brenner, Sundaram, and Yermack (2000), Carter and Lynch (2001) examine... the repricing of ESOs and allocate it to poor firm-specific performance. The empirical evidence in Chance, Kumar, and Todd (2000) suggest that ESOs are usually repriced when the stock declines by about 25%. Acharya, John, and Sundaram (2000) investigate...

Darsinos, Theofanis; Satchell, Stephen E

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

322

Hanford Waste Physical and Rheological Properties: Data and Gaps  

SciTech Connect

The retrieval, transport, treatment and disposal operations associated with Hanford Tank Wastes involve the handling of a wide range of slurries. Knowledge of the physical and rheological properties of the waste is a key component to the success of the design and implementation of the waste processing facilities. Previous efforts to compile and analyze the physical and rheological properties were updated with new results including information on solids composition and density, particle size distributions, slurry rheology, and particle settling behavior. The primary source of additional data is from a recent series of tests sponsored by the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. These tests involved an extensive suite of characterization and bench-scale process testing of 8 waste groups representing approximately 75% of the high-level waste mass expected to be processed through the WTP. Additional information on the morphology of the waste solids was also included. Based on the updated results, a gap analysis to identify gaps in characterization data, analytical methods and data interpretation was completed.

Kurath, Dean E.; Wells, Beric E.; Huckaby, James L.; Mahoney, Lenna A.; Daniel, Richard C.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Tingey, Joel M.; Cooley, Scott K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Agent-Based Modeling for Competing Firms: From Balanced Scorecards to Multi-Objective Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel method for agentbased modeling in business management domain. We will model competing companies with the Balanced Scorecards principle and examine their Value Proposition strategies for customers. The proposed method is characterized by (1) Designing decision making agents or competing companies with strategic parameters to be optimized; (2) Employing a multiobjective optimization framework with Genetic Algorithms to evolve the artificial simulated society; (3) Grounding the simulation conditions and results with marketing survey data in the real world, and (4) Validating the strategic parameters of the agents after simulation via statistical analysis of the individual genes. The objective of our agent-based modeling is to explore 'optimal ' marketing strategies on given specific markets. Competing companies will thrive by choosing their customers, narrowing their focus, and dominating their markets. We will uncover which type of companies provide good value propositions for customers from their activities. Conventional research in business strategy literature states the importance of translating the strategy of a company into action to get the profit. In our study, on the contrary, we will observe agents ' actions or companies ' activities in the artificial society with given conditions and investigate the agents ' or companies ' strategy. From intensive experiments using our agent-based simulator in a television set market, we have observed that 1) the price and service are important for benefit and cash flow maximization; 2) there are few dominant strategies for share maximizaiton; 3) price and time will affect borrowing strategy, and 4) time is an important factor in a radio cassettes market. These results have suggested that our framework works well to analyze behaviors and strategies of competing firms. 1.

Takao Terano; Kenichi Naitoh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Development of a farm-firm modelling system for evaluation of herbaceous energy crops  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A complete analysis is performed to simulate biomass production incorporated into a realistic whole farm situation, including or replacing a typical crop mix. Representative farms are constructed to accommodate such simulation. Four management systems are simulated for each firm, with each simulation depicting a different crop mix and/or use of different farming technologies and production methods. The first simulation was a base farm plan in which the operator would maintain the historical crop mix for the area, participate in all price support programs, and not participate in either a conservative reserve or a biomass production program. In the second simulation, the operator would again maintain the historical crop mix, would not participate in a conservation reserve or biomass production program, and would be ineligible to participate in any price support system. The third simulation introduced the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and included participation in all price support programs. The fourth simulation introduced a biomass crop production enterprise (switchgrass) as an alternative to enrolling highly erodible cropland in the CRP and allowed participation in price support programs. Simulations were made for three farms, two in West Tennessee and on in South Georgia. Results indicate that erosion is likely to be reduced more by the diversion of cropland to permanent vegetative cover on farms similar to the more highly erodible West Tennessee farms than on the less erodible Tift County, Georgia farm. Equivalent reductions in erosion rates result from entering highly erodible cropland in the CRP and from production of switchgrass as a biomass energy crop. Both switchgrass and CRP farm plans result in decreased net returns from the base plan, although the biomass farm plans are, in general, more profitable than the CRP plans.

English, B.C.; Alexander, R.R.; Loewen, K.H.; Coady, S.A.; Cole, G.V.; Goodman, W.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Abundance of green tree frogs and insects in artificial canopy gaps in a bottomland hardwood forest.  

SciTech Connect

Horn, Scott, James L. Hanula, Michael D. Ulyshen, and John C. Kilgo. 2005. Abundance of green tree frogs and insects in artificial canopy gaps in a bottomland hardwood forest. Am. Midl. Nat. 153:321-326. Abstract: We found more green tree frogs (Hyla cinerea) in canopy gaps than in closed canopy forest. Of the 331 green tree frogs observed, 88% were in canopy gaps. Likewise, higher numbers and biomasses of insects were captured in the open gap habitat. Flies were the most commonly collected insect group accounting for 54% of the total capture. These data suggest that one reason green tree frogs were more abundant in canopy gaps was the increased availability of prey and that small canopy gaps provide early successional habitats that are beneficial to green tree frog populations.

Horn, Scott; Hanula, James L.; Ulyshen, Michael D.; Kilgo, John C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bridging Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners John Shugars, Consultant Philip Coleman, Lawrence BerkeleyNational Laboratory ChristopherPayne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Laura Van Wie McGrory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ABSTRACT The energy efficiency ofmany products has increased markedly over the past decade. A conspicuous exception to this trend is commercial packaged rooftop air conditioners, which have experiencedlittle to no efficiency improvement since 1992 when the Energy Policy Act of 1992 imposed federal minimum standards. Packaged rooftop units have been estimated to use on the order of76 billion kWh annually in the US, at a cost ofroughly $5.6 billion. Sales of these units are growing, and the majority of units sold have energy efficiency ratios (EERs) at orjust above the current national minimum efficiency

327

Review of Used Nuclear Fuel Storage and Transportation Technical Gap  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analyses Analyses Review of Used Nuclear Fuel Storage and Transportation Technical Gap Analyses The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), Office of Fuel Cycle Technology, has established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) to conduct the research and development activities related to storage, transportation, and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The mission of the UFDC is to identify alternatives and conduct scientific research and technology development to enable storage, transportation, and disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) and wastes generated by existing and future nuclear fuel cycles. The Storage and Transportation activities within the UFDC are being developed to address issues regarding the extended storage of UNF and its subsequent

328

The Effect of Joint and Gaps on Shock Propagation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

National Ignition Facility targets, especially those made with material such as beryllium through which hydrogen doesn`t permeate, may be made in sections and pieced together. Tolerances, chamfers, glue joints and fill tubes will form density mismatches which may lead to asymmetries in the capsule implosion. Such defects or perturbations also form non-linear initial conditions of interest for hydrodynamic evolution. The physics of this process is being studied in planar packages in indirect drive. Ablation driven shock waves, similar to those produced by the foot of the NIF pulse, are generated from Nova hohlraum radiation. Time resolved radiography is used to study the propagation of non-planar shock waves through a uniform material and across material interfaces in order to examine the stability of the interface. We will compare shocks propagating around `gaps` and through `joints` with two-dimensional numerical simulations in planar geometry.

Caldwell, S. E.; Goldman, S. R.; Wilke, M. D.; Wilson, D. C.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

Voltage-Matched, Monolithic, Multi-Band-Gap Devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a string of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.

Wanlass, M. W.; Mascarenhas, A.

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

MAGNITUDE GAP STATISTICS AND THE CONDITIONAL LUMINOSITY FUNCTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a recent preprint, Hearin et al. (H12) suggest that the halo mass-richness calibration of clusters can be improved by using the difference in the magnitude of the brightest and the second brightest galaxy (magnitude gap) as an additional observable. They claim that their results are at odds with the results from Paranjape and Sheth (PS12) who show that the magnitude distribution of the brightest and second brightest galaxies can be explained based on order statistics of luminosities randomly sampled from the total galaxy luminosity function. We find that a conditional luminosity function (CLF) for galaxies which varies with halo mass, in a manner which is consistent with existing observations, naturally leads to a magnitude gap distribution which changes as a function of halo mass at fixed richness, in qualitative agreement with H12. We show that, in general, the luminosity distribution of the brightest and the second brightest galaxy depends upon whether the luminosities of galaxies are drawn from the CLF or the global luminosity function. However, we also show that the difference between the two cases is small enough to evade detection in the small sample investigated by PS12. This shows that the luminosity distribution is not the appropriate statistic to distinguish between the two cases, given the small sample size. We argue in favor of the CLF (and therefore H12) based upon its consistency with other independent observations, such as the kinematics of satellite galaxies, the abundance and clustering of galaxies, and the galaxy-galaxy lensing signal from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

More, Surhud, E-mail: surhud@kicp.uchicago.edu [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583 (Japan)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

331

Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of "pinning" the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14.+-.0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Survey of Gaps, Obstacles, and Technical Challenges for Hypersonic Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The object of this study is to canvas the literature for the purpose of identifying and compiling a list of Gaps, Obstacles, and Technological (more)

Barber, Timothy Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

When is a Gap Function Good for Error Bounds? 1 Introduction and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the gap function and its Fukushima type regularization for GVI and WGVI. ... function for GVI and also regularize it along the lines of Fukushima [10] and show

334

Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for ...  

A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown ...

335

Stationary Fuel Cell Application Codes and Standards: Overview and Gap Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of codes and standards related to stationary fuel cell applications and identifies gaps and resolutions associated with relative codes and standards.

Blake, C. W.; Rivkin, C. H.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Crossing the reality gap in evolutionary robotics by promoting transferable controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reality gap, that often makes controllers evolved in simulation inefficient once transferred onto the real system, remains a critical issue in Evolutionary Robotics (ER); it prevents ER application to real-world problems. We hypothesize that this ... Keywords: evolutionary robotics, multiobjective optimization, reality gap problem, simulation-to-reality disparity

Sylvain Koos; Jean-Baptiste Mouret; Stphane Doncieux

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Bridging Knowledge Gaps in Engineering Companies-The Case of Pipeline River Crossings in Greece  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of Knowledge Management (KM) processes is suggested herein for bridging knowledge gaps observed during long-term and high complexity engineering projects, like the Natural Gas Project (NGP) of Greece, with a view to deploying a dedicated ... Keywords: Business Process Modeling, Engineering Company, Knowledge Gap, Natural Gas, Project Management, Technology Transfer

Fragiskos A. Batzias; Philip-Mark P. Spanidis

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Application of Externally Gapped Surge Arresters: A Review of the State of the Art  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A literature study has been conducted to compile a technical update on the state of the art of applying externally gapped transmission line arresters. Special attention is given to the coordination of the external gap with respect to the line insulation to ensure reliable arrester operation under lightning conditions while maintaining its integrity during switching surges in case of a failed surge arrester.

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

339

Optimal design of a micro evaporator with lateral gaps Taijong Sung a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­compression refrigeration sys- tem. The experimental design is adopted to determine the optimal parameters of the evaporatorOptimal design of a micro evaporator with lateral gaps Taijong Sung a , Daesik Oh b , Sangrok Jin online 1 March 2009 Keywords: Micro evaporator Optimal design Design of experiment Lateral gaps Two

Kim, Jongwon

340

Quantum transport of pseudospin-polarized Dirac fermions in gapped graphene nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the unusual features of the quantum transport in gapped monolayer graphene, which is in a pseudospin symmetry-broken state with a net perpendicular pseudomagnetization. Using these pseudoferromagnets (PFs), we propose a perfect pseudospin ... Keywords: Andreev reflection, Gapped graphene, Pseudospin valve, Sublattice pseudospin, Superconducting proximity effect

Leyla Majidi, Malek Zareyan

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Structure and Evolution of Gap Outflow over the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale-model simulations are used to examine the structure and dynamics of a gap-outflow event over the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico, that was associated with a surge of cold air along the eastern slopes of the Sierra Madre. The simulated gap-...

W. James Steenburgh; David M. Schultz; Brian A. Colle

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

NETL: News Release - Data Acquisition Processor Fills Gap for Extreme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2010 9, 2010 Data Acquisition Processor Fills Gap for Extreme Down-hole Conditions Honeywell Develops Unique Reprogrammable High Temperature Device Morgantown, WV - Honeywell International, Inc. has developed a Reconfigurable Processor for Data Acquisition (RPDA) - a reprogrammable, multi-functional device that can operate at temperatures up to 250oC (482oF). The system is housed in a rugged package suitable for deep down-hole oil and natural gas logging and measurement-while-drilling (MWD) operations, and permanent wellbore installation applications. The project was funded through a cooperative agreement with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the Office of Fossil Energy's Oil and Natural Gas Program. Deep wells are generally defined as having a true vertical depth (TVD) greater than 15,000 feet, while ultra-deep wells are deeper than 25,000 feet TVD. Potential recoverable natural gas and oil resources from deep formations are significant, and deep wells tend to produce at much higher daily rates than conventional shallower wells.

343

Bridging the gap between building science and design studios  

SciTech Connect

Design studios and building science courses have been conducted independent of each other, mainly due to a lack of tools that allow quick and easy consideration of building science criteria, such as comfort and energy requirements, during the design process. Existing tools are not user-friendly and their use requires significant effort in gaining familiarity with the input requirements, understanding the modeling assumptions and interpreting the output. This paper is about the Building Design Advisor (BDA), an evolving computer-based tool intended to bridge the gap between design studios and building science considerations by addressing the above-mentioned limitations of existing tools. BDA allows automatic preparation of input files to multiple simulation tools while the user is working in a CAD environment. BDA automatically activates the relevant simulation tools when the user selects performance parameters to be computed and provides the results in a graphical form, allowing comparison of multiple design options with respect to multiple performance criteria. The paper includes considerations for the use of the BDA in the design studio and ends with a description of the current development efforts and future plans.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Pal, Vineeta

2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Technical Standards, ALOHA-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALOHA-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 ALOHA-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 Technical Standards, ALOHA-Gap Analysis - May 3, 2004 May 3, 2004 DOE-EH-4.2.1.3-ALOHA-Gap Analysis, Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: ALOHA Gap Analysis The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) issued Recommendation 2002-1 on Quality Assurance for Safety-Related Software in September 2002 (DNFSB 2002). The Recommendation identified a number of quality assurance issues for software used in the Department of Energy (DOE) facilities for analyzing hazards, and designing and operating controls that prevent or mitigate potential accidents. The development and maintenance of a collection, or "toolbox," of high-use, Software Quality Assurance (SQA)-compliant safety analysis codes is one of the major improvement

345

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Agency/Company /Organization: Bridging the Gap Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Transportation Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.transport2012.org/bridging/ressources/documents/1/556,Copenhagen_r References: Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector[1] "This paper provides a brief overview of the outcome of the UN conference and a discussion of the implications of decisions made there in respect to

346

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print Wednesday, 23 February 2005 00:00 A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd

347

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its potential applications for energy storage, charge storage and power supplies. Friday, May 27, 2011 - 4:00pm SSRL Conference Room 137-226 Alfred Hubler, Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign We study tunnel currents and electric break down in vacuum gaps experimentally and theoretically. We find that electric field at break down in nano vacuum gaps is 3 order of magnitude larger than in macroscopic capacitors. Pointed electrodes increase the limiting field even further. Eigen states in the gap can help to reduce tunnel currents. We discuss applications of this technology for energy storage, charge storage, and power supplies. Speaker Bio: Professor Alfred Hubler is the director of the Center for

348

The Effect of Data Gaps on LISA Galactic Binary Parameter Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last few years there has been an enormous effort in parameter estimation studies for different sources with the space based gravitational wave detector, LISA. While these studies have investigated sources of differing complexity, the one thing they all have in common is they assume continuous data streams. In reality, the LISA data stream will contain gaps from such possible events such as repointing of the satellite antennae, to discharging static charge build up on the satellites, to disruptions due to micro-meteor strikes. In this work we conduct a large scale Monte Carlo parameter estimation simulation for galactic binaries assuming data streams containing gaps. As the expected duration and frequency of the gaps are currently unknown, we have decided to focus on gaps of approximately one hour, occurring either once per day or once per week. We also study the case where, as well as the expected periodic gaps, we have a data drop-out of one continuous week. Our results show that for for galactic binaries, a gap of once per week introduces a bias of between 0.5% and 1% in the estimation of parameters, for the most important parameters such as the sky position, amplitude and frequency. This number rises to between 3% and 7% for the case of one gap a day, and to between 4% and 9% when we have one gap a day and a spurious gap of a week. A future study will investigate the effect of data gaps on supermassive black hole binaries and extreme mass ratio inspirals.

Jrme Carr; Edward K. Porter

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

349

Filling Knowledge Gaps with Five Fuel Cycle Studies  

SciTech Connect

During FY 2010, five studies were conducted of technology families applicability to various fuel cycle strategies to fill in knowledge gaps in option space and to better understand trends and patterns. Here, a technology family is considered to be defined by a type of reactor and by selection of which actinides provide fuel. This report summarizes the higher-level findings; the detailed analyses and results are documented in five individual reports, as follows: Advanced once through with uranium fuel in fast reactors (SFR), Advanced once through (uranium fuel) or single recycle (TRU fuel) in high temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGR), Sustained recycle with Th/U-233 in light water reactors (LWRs), Sustained recycle with Th/U-233 in molten salt reactors (MSR), and Several fuel cycle missions with Fusion-Fission Hybrid (FFH). Each study examined how the designated technology family could serve one or more designated fuel cycle missions, filling in gaps in overall option space. Each study contains one or more illustrative cases that show how the technology family could be used to meet a fuel cycle mission, as well as broader information on the technology family such as other potential fuel cycle missions for which insufficient information was available to include with an illustrative case. None of the illustrative cases can be considered as a reference, baseline, or nominal set of parameters for judging performance; the assessments were designed to assess areas of option space and were not meant to be optimized. There is no implication that any of the cases or technology families are necessarily the best way to meet a given fuel cycle mission. The studies provide five examples of 1-year fuel cycle assessments of technology families. There is reasonable coverage in the five studies of the performance areas of waste management and uranium utilization. The coverage of economics, safety, and proliferation resistance and physical protection in the five studies was spotty. Some studies did not have existing or past work to draw on in one or more of these areas. Resource constraints limited the amount of new analyses that could be performed. Little or no assessment was done of how soon any of the technologies could be deployed and therefore how quickly they could impact domestic or international fuel cycle performance. There were six common R&D needs, such as the value of advanced fuels, cladding, coating, and structure that would survive high neutron fluence. When a technology family is considered for use in a new fuel cycle mission, fuel cycle performance characteristics are dependent on both the design choices and the fuel cycle approach. For example, the use of the sodium-cooled fast reactor to provide recycle in either breeder or burner mode has been studied for decades, but the SFR could be considered for once-through fuel cycle with the physical reactor design and fuel management parameters changed. In addition, the sustained recycle with Th/U-233 in LWR could be achieved with a heterogeneous assembly and derated power density. Therefore, it may or may not be adjustable for other fuel cycle missions although a reactor intended for one fuel cycle mission is built. Simple parameter adjustment in applying a technology family to a new fuel cycle mission should be avoided and, if observed, the results viewed with caution.

Steven J. Piet; Jess Gehin; William Halsey; Temitope Taiwo

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Granby Pumping Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Granby Pumping Plant Granby Pumping Plant Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Transmission Line Rebuild Project Western owns and operates a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County, Colo., that originates at Windy Gap Substation and terminates at Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard. The proposed project would rebuild the single circuit line as a double circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. One circuit would replace the existing 69-kV line; the other circuit would be a new 138-kV line. Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard would be expanded to accommodate the second line and power transformer. Windy Gap Substation would be modified to accommodate the second line.

351

The Gender Gap in Secondary School Mathematics at High Achievement Levels: Evidence from the American Mathematics Competitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses a new data source, American Mathematics Competitions, to examine the gender gap among high school students at very high achievement levels. The data bring out several new facts. There is a large gender gap ...

Ellison, Glenn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-junction solar cell is described having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of ''pinning'' the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14[+-]0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap. 7 figures.

Wanlass, M.W.

1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Tuning Band Gap Energies in Pb3(C6X6) Extended Solid-State Structures  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plane-wave density functional theory investigation of the solid-state properties of the extended organometallic system Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} for X = O, S, Se, and Te has been performed. Initial geometry parameters for the Pb-X and C-X bond distances were obtained from optimized calculations on molecular fragment models. The Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} extended solid molecular structures were constructed in the space group P6/mmm on the basis of the known structure for X = S. Ground-state geometries, band gap energies, densities of states, and charge densities were calculated with the PBE-generalized gradient exchange-correlation functional and the HSE06 hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The PBE band gap energies were found to be lower than the HSE06 values by >0.7 eV. The band energies at points of high symmetry along the first Brillouin zone in the crystal were larger than the overall band gap of the system. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}O{sub 6} was predicted to be a direct semiconductor ({Lambda} point) with a PBE band gap of 0.28 eV and an HSE06 band gap of 1.06 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} and Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} were predicted to have indirect band gaps. The PBE band gap for Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} was 0.98 eV, and the HSE06 band gap was 1.91 eV. The HSE06 value is in good agreement with the experimentally observed band gap of 1.7 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} has a PBE band gap of 0.56 eV and a HSE06 band gap of 1.41 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6} was predicted to be metallic with both of the PBE and HSE06 functionals. A detailed analysis of the PBE band structure and partial density of states at two points before and after the metallic behavior reveals a change in orbital character indicative of band crossing in Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6}. These results show that the band gap energies can be fine-tuned by changing the substituent X atom.

Stott, Amanda C.; Vaid, Thomas P.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Dixon, David A.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

354

The microscopic pairing gap in a slab of nuclear matter for the Argonne v18 NN-potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ab initio gap equation for ^1S_0 pairing in a nuclear slab is solved for the Argonne v18 NN-potential. The gap function is compared in detail with the one found previously for the separable form of the Paris potential. The difference between the two gaps turned out to be about 10%. Dependence of the gap on the chemical potential mu is analyzed.

S. S. Pankratov; M. Baldo; U. Lombardo; E. E. Saperstein; M. V. Zverev; ;

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

355

Integration of MEA Components-Status and Technology Gaps: A Stakeholders Perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop March 16-17, 2010 Denver, CO 3M Fuel Cell Components Program Mark Debe, Steve Hamrock, Radoslav Atanasoski, Pinar Serim, Eric Funkenbusch, Mike Yandrasits, Stan Garnsworthy and Customers Integration of MEA Components - Status and Technology Gaps - A Stakeholder's Perspective 2 Outline: 1. What does MEA integration mean? 2. Where the technology may be going with regard to 2015 3. Status and relative gaps for 2015 at the individual component level 4. Status and relative gaps for 2015 at the MEA integration level 5. Suggestions where DOE should concentrate its efforts in the near future 6. Other general suggestions and recommendations Integration of MEA Components 3M perspectives on technology development needs and gaps. 3M U.S. DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop Denver, CO, March 16-17, 2010

356

Extended variational approach to the SU(2) mass gap on the lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear [delta] expansion is applied to a calculation of the SU(2) mass gap on the lattice. Our results compare favorably with the strong-coupling expansion and are in good agreement with recent Monte Carlo estimates.

Akeyo, J.O. (Physics Department, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844, Nairobi, Kenya (Kenya)); Jones, H.F.; Parker, C.S. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom))

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An Automobile Platform for the Measurement of Foehn and Gap Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An instrument package to measure temperature, pressure, humidity, and position was designed to be quickly deployable on any automobile to be used for the study of gap and other orographically influenced flows. Differential GPS (global positioning ...

Georg J. Mayr; Johannes Vergeiner; Alexander Gohm

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap Between Evidence and Policy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap Between Evidence and Policy Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap Between Evidence and Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap Between Evidence and Policy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unep.org/greenecono References Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap Between Evidence and Policy[1] Overview "Technology development and its rapid diffusion are considered crucial for tackling the climate change challenge. In particular, enhancing technology transfer towards developing countries has been an integral part of the global climate change regime since the inception of the United Nations

359

Event:GGKP-Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps Day 1 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GGKP-Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps: on 2012/01/12 GGKP-Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps: on 2012/01/12 The Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) will hold its inaugural conference, "Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps," January 12-13, 2012, in Mexico City Mexico. The conference aims to take stock of the current understanding of the economics of green growth; engage researchers and practitioners in an ongoing dialogue to increase understanding of how green growth approaches can be applied in the field; identify knowledge gaps and establish priorities for knowledge-building work and implementation; and launch follow-on efforts. The conference location will allow attendees to benefit from Mexico's experiences from taking a leading role internationally in advocating pathways to green development.

360

Numerical Study of Precipitation Core-Gap Structure along Cold Fronts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanism responsible for the core-gap structure of precipitation along narrow cold-frontal rainbands (NCFRs) is investigated through analyses of idealized cloud-resolving simulations of cold fronts. The control simulation, in which the ...

Masayuki Kawashima

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report details technical and cost gap analyses of molten carbonate fuel cell and phosphoric acid fuel cell stationary fuel cell power plants and identifies pathways for reducing costs.

362

Topological mapping for limited sensing mobile robots using the Probabilistic Gap Navigation Tree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a novel structure for robotic navigation with minimal sensing abilities called the Probabilistic Gap Navigation Tree (PGNT). In this navigation approach, we create a topological map of the environment ...

Gordeski, Valerie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Large inherent optical gain from the direct gap transition of Ge thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent demonstration of Ge-on-Si diode lasers renews the interest in the unique carrier dynamics of Ge involving both direct (?) and indirect (L) valleys. Here, we report a large inherent direct gap optical gain ...

Wang, Xiaoxin

364

Calculation of wakefields in a 17 GHz beam-driven photonic band-gap accelerator structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the theoretical analysis and computer simulation of the wakefields in a 17 GHz photonic band-gap (PBG) structure for accelerator applications. Using the commercial code CST Particle Studio, the fundamental ...

Hu, Min

365

Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the technical and cost gap analysis performed to identify pathways for reducing the costs of molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) stationary fuel cell power plants.

Remick, R.; Wheeler, D.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Direct gap photoluminescence of n-type tensile-strained Ge-on-Si  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room temperature direct gap photoluminescence (PL) was observed from n-type tensile-strained epitaxial Ge-on-Si. The PL intensity increases with n-type doping due to a higher electron population in the direct ? valley as ...

Sun, Xiaochen

367

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification Matt Johnston1 and biodiesel feedstock crops. With biofuels coming under increasing pressure to slow or eliminate indirect land

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

368

W-12: Determination of Interfacial Heat Transfer and Air-gap ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is predicted for the Nickel-based alloy when the air-gap is below 0.3mm heat conduction is the dominant heat transfer process; above 0.3mm radiation is the...

369

Low-Frequency Variability and Remote Forcing of Gap Winds over the East Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low-frequency variability of gap winds at the Isthmuses of Tehuantepec and Papagayo is investigated using a 17-yr wind stress dataset merging the remotely sensed observations of Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) and Quick Scatterometer (...

Kristopher B. Karnauskas; Antonio J. Busalacchi; Raghu Murtugudde

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A novel white-light scanning interferometer for absolute nano-scale gap thickness measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a special configuration of white-light scanning interferometer, in which the measured gap is not located in any interference arm of the interferometer, but acts as an amplitude-and-phase modulator of ...

Xu, Zhiguang

371

Codes and Standards Gap Analysis Helps DOE Define Research Priorities (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in analyzing gaps in codes and standards for alternative vehicle fuels, including hydrogen. Work was performed by the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fat Borders: Gap Filling for Efficient View-dependent LOD Rendering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time high quality rendering of complex models remains a big challenge. Simply splitting the models into several parts which can be simplified and rendered independently introduces disturbing gaps along the common borders. Recent approaches for viewdependent rendering of huge models either neglect the artifacts introduced by the gaps or try to maintain the connectivity of the models. Unfortunately, in the second case the computational complexity and storage requirements of the algorithms are tremendous. In this

. Balzs; M. Guthe; R. Klein

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Thermophotovoltaic conversion using selective infrared line emitters and large band gap photovoltaic devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Efficient thermophotovoltaic conversion can be performed using photovoltaic devices with a band gap in the 0.75-1.4 electron volt range, and selective infrared emitters chosen from among the rare earth oxides which are thermally stimulated to emit infrared radiation whose energy very largely corresponds to the aforementioned band gap. It is possible to use thermovoltaic devices operating at relatively high temperatures, up to about 300.degree. C., without seriously impairing the efficiency of energy conversion.

Brandhorst, Jr., Henry W. (Auburn, AL); Chen, Zheng (Auburn, AL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Exploration of the Gap Between Computer Science Curriculum and Industrial I.T Skills Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper sets out to examine the skills gaps between the industrial application of Information Technology and university academic programmes (curriculum). It looks at some of the causes, and considers the probable solutions for bridging the gap between them and suggests the possibilities of exploring a new role for our universities and employers of labor. It also highlights strategies to abolish the misalignment between university and industry. The main concept is to blend the academic rigidity with the industrial relevance.

Azeez Nureni Ayofe; Azeez Raheem Ajetola

2009-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Effect of interfacial lattice mismatch on bulk carrier concentration and band gap of InN  

SciTech Connect

The issue of ambiguous values of the band gap (0.6 to 2 eV) of InN thin film in literature has been addressed by a careful experiment. We have grown wurtzite InN films by PA-MBE simultaneously on differently modified c-plane sapphire substrates and characterized by complementary structural and chemical probes. Our studies discount Mie resonances caused by metallic In segregation at grain boundaries as the reason for low band gap values ( Almost-Equal-To 0.6 eV) and also the formation of Indium oxides and oxynitrides as the cause for high band gap value ( Almost-Equal-To 2.0 eV). It is observed that polycrystallinity arising from azimuthal miss-orientation of c-oriented wurtzite InN crystals increases the carrier concentration and the band gap values. We have reviewed the band gap, carrier concentration, and effective mass of InN in literature and our own measurements, which show that the Moss-Burstein relation with a non-parabolic conduction band accounts for the observed variation of band gap with carrier concentration.

Kuyyalil, Jithesh [FOTON, UMR 6082, INSA, F-35708 Rennes (France); Tangi, Malleswararao; Shivaprasad, S. M. [Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore-560064 (India)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Bridging the Gap in the Chemical Thermodynamic Database for Nuclear Waste Repository: Studies of the Effect of Temperature on Actinide Complexation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Gap in the Chemical Thermodynamic Database for NuclearRecent results of thermodynamic studies on the complexationthe gaps in the chemical thermodynamic database for nuclear

Rao, Linfeng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Abstract--We formulate a three-period model for studying how the exercise of local market power by generation firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generally leads to social losses. Since the existing US electricity transmission network was designed to 1 by generation firms affects the equilibrium investment between the generation and the transmission sectors. Using a 30-bus network example, we compare the transmission investment decisions made by a "proactive

378

The more you spend, the more you get? The effects of R&D and capital expenditures on the patenting activities of biotechnology firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides evidence on the mechanisms influencing the patent output of a sample of small and large, entrepreneurial and established biotechnology firms from the input of indirect knowledge acquired from capital expenditures and direct ... Keywords: Biotechnology, Capital expenditure, L25, L65, O34, Patents, Poisson models, R&D

Roberta Piergiovanni; Enrico Santarelli

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Abstract--The implementation of auctions of long-term firm energy call options and forward contracts as part of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for investors, as they enable merchant power plants to sell their electricity for up to 5 years ahead at known) energy production capacity in dry years. For thermal plants, the FEC is given by the available capacity, a thermal plant whose variable operating cost was equal to the rationing cost would have a firm energy

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

380

Avoiding Bad Press: Interpersonal Influence in Relations Between CEOs and Journalists and the Consequences for Press Reporting About Firms and Their Leadership  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we consider how and when interpersonal relations between chief executive officers (CEOs) and journalists can influence the content of journalists' reporting about corporate leaders and their firms. Specifically, we draw from the social ... Keywords: corporate governance, journalism, social influence, top management, upper echelons

James D. Westphal; David L. Deephouse

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Traditional communities, multinationals and biodiversity: the example of an innovative partnership between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of So  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of São Francisco in the Sustainable Studies Association, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 11-14th , 2009. 1 halshs-00493592,version1-20Jun2010 Author manuscript, published in "LASA 2009 conference, Rion de janeiro : Brazil (2009)" #12;Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Avian response to microclimate in canopy gaps in a bottomland hardwood forest.  

SciTech Connect

Abstract - Microclimate may infl uence use of early successional habitat by birds. We assessed the relationships between avian habitat use and microclimate (temperature, light intensity, and relative humidity) in experimentally created canopy gaps in a bottomland hardwood forest on the Savannah River Site, SC. Gaps were 2- to 3-year-old group-selection timber harvest openings of three sizes (0.13, 0.26, 0.50 ha). Our study was conducted from spring through fall, encompassing four bird-use periods (spring migration, breeding, post-breeding, and fall migration), in 2002 and 2003. We used mist netting and simultaneously recorded microclimate variables to determine the influence of microclimate on bird habitat use. Microclimate was strongly affected by net location within canopy gaps in both years. Temperature generally was higher on the west side of gaps, light intensity was greater in gap centers, and relative humidity was higher on the east side of gaps. However, we found few relationships between bird captures and the microclimate variables. Bird captures were inversely correlated with temperature during the breeding and postbreeding periods in 2002 and positively correlated with temperature during spring 2003. Captures were high where humidity was high during post-breeding 2002, and captures were low where humidity was high during spring 2003. We conclude that variations in the local microclimate had minor infl uence on avian habitat use within gaps. Instead, habitat selection in relatively mild regions like the southeastern US is based primarily on vegetation structure, while other factors, including microclimate, are less important.

Champlin, Tracey B.; Kilgo, John C.; Gumpertz, Marcia L.; Moorman, Christopher E.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

ANALYSIS OF THE AXIAL GAP VS FIBERBOARD MOISTURE CONTENT IN A 9975 SHIPPING PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect

The fiberboard assembly within a 9975 shipping package contains a modest amount of moisture, which can migrate to the cooler regions of the package when an internal heat load is present. Typically, this leads to increased moisture levels in the bottom fiberboard layers, along with elevated chloride levels which can leach from the fiberboard. Concerns have been raised that this condition could lead to corrosion of the stainless steel drum. It has been postulated that checking the axial gap at the top of the package against the current 1 inch maximum criterion provides a sufficient indication regarding the integrity of the fiberboard and drum. This report estimates the increase in axial gap that might be expected for a given moisture increase in the bottom fiberboard layers, and the likelihood that the increase will create a nonconforming condition that will lead to identification of the moisture increase. Using data relating the fiberboard moisture content with the degree of compaction under load, the present analysis indicates that the axial gap will increase by 0.282 inch as the bottom fiberboard layers approach the saturation point. This increase will cause approximately 58% of packages with otherwise nominal package component dimensions to fail the axial gap criterion, based on a survey of axial gap values recorded in K-Area surveillance activities. As the moisture content increases above saturation, the predicted increase in axial gap jumps to 0.405 inch, which would result in 92% or more of all packages failing the axial gap criterion. The data and analysis described in this report are specific to cane fiberboard. While it is expected that softwood fiberboard will behave similarly, such behavior has not yet been demonstrated.

Daugherty, W.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

384

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

385

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

386

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A New Gap-Opening Mechanism in a Triple-Band Metal Print A "wire" of indium only one or a few atoms wide grown on a silicon surface comprises an ideal test laboratory for studying one-dimensional (1D) metals. A new example comes from a collaboration between researchers from Yonsei University in Korea, the ALS, and the University of Oregon, who have discovered that the phase transition from metal to insulator that occurs at low temperature in indium wires on the silicon (111) surface involves not only the expected shift in the electronic structure (band-gap opening) but also a band restructuring that gives rise to an energy gap in a second band. Three's a Crowd For the condensed-matter physicist, the words "electronic structure" are what it's all about. Short-hand for a description of the way electrons behave in solids, liquids, molecules, and even atoms, electronic structure underlies almost all of the everyday properties of matter from structural strength to electrical conductivity. For example, metals conduct electricity because some of their electrons have access to a continuous band of energies, whereas a break or gap in the band turns the metal into an insulator.

387

How Many CVs are Crossing the Period Gap? A Test for the Disruption of Magnetic Braking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply population synthesis techniques to calculate the present day number of two types of white dwarf-main sequence star (WDMS) binaries within the cataclysmic variable period gap. The first are post-common envelope binaries with secondary stars that have masses between 0.17 and 0.36 Msun (gPCEBs), such that they will commence mass transfer within the period gap. The second type are systems that were CVs at some point in their past, but detached once they evolved down in orbital period to ~3 h as a consequence of disrupted magnetic braking, and are crossing the period gap via gravitational radiation (dCVs). Full population synthesis calculations are performed where we assume either constant, global values of the common envelope ejection efficiency, or consider the ejection efficiency as a function of secondary mass. Several forms of magnetic braking are also considered. We predict an excess of dCVs over gPCEBs within the period gap of ~4 to ~13 assuming an ejection efficiency between 0.1 and 0.6, and a flat initial mass ratio distribution. This excess is revealed as a prominent peak at the location of the period gap in the orbital period distribution of the combined gPCEB and dCV population. We suggest that if such a feature is observed in the orbital period distribution of an observed sample of short orbital period WDMS binaries, this would strongly corroborate the disruption of magnetic braking.

P. J. Davis; U. Kolb; B. Willems; B. T. Gnsicke

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Effect of Data Gaps on LISA Galactic Binary Parameter Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last few years there has been an enormous effort in parameter estimation studies for different sources with the space based gravitational wave detector, LISA. While these studies have investigated sources of differing complexity, the one thing they all have in common is they assume continuous data streams. In reality, the LISA data stream will contain gaps from such possible events such as repointing of the satellite antennae, to discharging static charge build up on the satellites, to disruptions due to micro-meteor strikes. In this work we conduct a large scale Monte Carlo parameter estimation simulation for galactic binaries assuming data streams containing gaps. As the expected duration and frequency of the gaps are currently unknown, we have decided to focus on gaps of approximately one hour, occurring either once per day or once per week. We also study the case where, as well as the expected periodic gaps, we have a data drop-out of one continuous week. Our results show that for for galactic bina...

Carr, Jrme

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Band-gap measurements of direct and indirect semiconductors using monochromated electrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the development of monochromators for transmission electron microscopes, valence electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (VEELS) has become a powerful technique to study the band structure of materials with high spatial resolution. However, artifacts such as Cerenkov radiation pose a limit for interpretation of the low-loss spectra. In order to reveal the exact band-gap onset using the VEELS method, semiconductors with direct and indirect band-gap transitions have to be treated differently. For direct semiconductors, spectra acquired at thin regions can efficiently minimize the Cerenkov effects. Examples of hexagonal GaN (h-GaN) spectra acquired at different thickness showed that a correct band-gap onset value can be obtained for sample thicknesses up to 0.5 t/{lambda}. In addition, {omega}-q maps acquired at different specimen thicknesses confirm the thickness dependency of Cerenkov losses. For indirect semiconductors, the correct band-gap onset can be obtained in the dark-field mode when the required momentum transfer for indirect transition is satisfied. Dark-field VEEL spectroscopy using a star-shaped entrance aperture provides a way of removing Cerenkov effects in diffraction mode. Examples of Si spectra acquired by displacing the objective aperture revealed the exact indirect transition gap E{sub g} of 1.1 eV.

Gu Lin; Srot, Vesna; Sigle, Wilfried; Koch, Christoph; Aken, Peter van; Ruehle, Manfred [Max-Planck Institute for Metals Research, Heisenbergstrasse 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Scholz, Ferdinand; Thapa, Sarad B.; Kirchner, Christoph [Institute of Optoelectronics, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, D-89069 Ulm (Germany); Jetter, Michael [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, University of Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

'Mind the Gap'-The Impact of Variations in the Duration of the Treatment Gap and Overall Treatment Time in the First UK Anal Cancer Trial (ACT I)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The United Kingdom Coordinating Committee on Cancer Research anal cancer trial demonstrated the benefit of combined modality treatment (CMT) using radiotherapy (RT), infusional 5-fluorouracil, and mitomycin C over RT alone. The present study retrospectively examines the impact of the recommended 6-week treatment gap and local RT boost on long-term outcome. Methods and Materials: A total of 577 patients were randomly assigned RT alone or CMT. After a 6-week gap responders received a boost using either additional external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (15 Gy) or iridium-192 implant (25 Gy). The effect of boost, the gap between initial treatment (RT alone or CMT) and boost (Tgap), and overall treatment time (OTT) were examined for their impact on outcome. Results: Among the 490 good responders, 436 (89%) patients received a boost after initial treatment. For boosted patients, the risk of anal cancer death decreased by 38% (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62, 99% CI 0.35-1.12; p = 0.04), but there was no evidence this was mediated via a reduction in locoregional failure (LRF) (HR: 0.90, 99% CI 0.48-1.68; p = 0.66). The difference in Tgap was only 1.4 days longer for EBRT boost, compared with implant (p = 0.51). OTT was longer by 6.1 days for EBRT (p = 0.006). Tgap and OTT were not associated with LRF. Radionecrosis was reported in 8% of boosted, compared with 0% in unboosted patients (p = 0.03). Conclusions: These results question the benefit of a radiotherapy boost after a 6-week gap. The higher doses of a boost may contribute more to an increased risk of late morbidity, rather than local control.

Glynne-Jones, Rob, E-mail: rob.glynnejones@nhs.net [Mount Vernon Centre for Cancer Treatment, Northwood (United Kingdom); Sebag-Montefiore, David [St James's Institute of Oncology, St James's University Hospital, Leeds (United Kingdom); Adams, Richard [Cardiff University and Velindre Cancer Centre, Cardiff (United Kingdom); McDonald, Alec [Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Gollins, Simon [North Wales Cancer Treatment Centre, Rhyl (United Kingdom); James, Roger [Kent Oncology Centre, Maidstone General Hospital, Maidstone (United Kingdom); Northover, John M.A. [Imperial Cancer Research Fund Colorectal Cancer Unit, St Mark's Hospital, Harrow (United Kingdom); Meadows, Helen M.; Jitlal, Mark [Cancer Research UK and University College London Cancer Trials Centre, London (United Kingdom)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Crooks Gap AEC Ore Buying Station - WY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crooks Gap AEC Ore Buying Station - Crooks Gap AEC Ore Buying Station - WY 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Crooks Gap AEC Ore Buying Station (WY.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites) that were operated during the period late-1949 through the mid-1960s. During this period the AEC established ore-buying stations in new uranium producing areas where it appeared that ore production would be sufficient to support a uranium milling operation. The

392

Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), Office of Fuel Cycle Technology, has established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) to conduct the research and development activities related to storage, transportation, and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The mission of the UFDC is to identify alternatives and conduct scientific research and technology development to enable storage, transportation and disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) and wastes generated by existing and future nuclear fuel cycles. The Storage and Transportation staff within the UFDC are responsible for addressing issues regarding the

393

Research in Energy Innovation: the Need to Fill Gaps and Manage Uncertainty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research in Energy Innovation: the Need to Fill Gaps and Manage Uncertainty Research in Energy Innovation: the Need to Fill Gaps and Manage Uncertainty Speaker(s): Laura Diaz Anadon Date: November 2, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Ryan Wiser Innovation in energy technologies is necessary to confront profound challenges facing countries all over the world. Concerns regarding resource availability, the environment, health, national security, competitiveness, and access are driving government efforts to accelerate innovation in energy supply, end-use, and storage technologies. This talk will outline the tools available to governments to shape innovation in the energy sector and will discuss some of the most important knowledge gaps. It will then delve into recent research identifying the factors contributing to

394

Is the solution to the BCS gap equation continuous in the temperature ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of long-standing problems in mathematical studies of superconductivity is to show that the solution to the BCS gap equation is continuous in the temperature. In this paper we address this problem. We regard the BCS gap equation as a nonlinear integral equation on a Banach space consisting of continuous functions of both $T$ and $x$. Here, $T (\\geq 0)$ stands for the temperature and $x$ the kinetic energy of an electron minus the chemical potential. We show that the unique solution to the BCS gap equation obtained in our recent paper is continuous with respect to both $T$ and $x$ when $T$ is small enough. The proof is carried out based on the Banach fixed-point theorem.

Shuji Watanabe

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

395

Event:GGKP-Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps Day 2 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3 3 The Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) will hold its inaugural conference, "Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps," January 12-13, 2012, in Mexico City Mexico. The conference aims to take stock of the current understanding of the economics of green growth; engage researchers and practitioners in an ongoing dialogue to increase understanding of how green growth approaches can be applied in the field; identify knowledge gaps and establish priorities for knowledge-building work and implementation; and launch follow-on efforts. The conference location will allow attendees to benefit from Mexico's experiences from taking a leading role internationally in advocating pathways to green development. Event Details Name GGKP-Green Growth: Addressing the Knowledge Gaps

396

Bridging the Gap: Helping Small Businesses With Big Ideas Develop New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bridging the Gap: Helping Small Businesses With Big Ideas Develop Bridging the Gap: Helping Small Businesses With Big Ideas Develop New Industries Bridging the Gap: Helping Small Businesses With Big Ideas Develop New Industries October 25, 2011 - 3:59pm Addthis Semprius, solar panels shown above, announced that it is building a factory in Henderson, NC to manufacture its high concentration photovoltaic (HCPV) solar modules and is expected to create more than 250 full-time jobs over the next five years. Semprius, solar panels shown above, announced that it is building a factory in Henderson, NC to manufacture its high concentration photovoltaic (HCPV) solar modules and is expected to create more than 250 full-time jobs over the next five years. Keri Fulton Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me?

397

A Method to Improve Voltage Holding Across Vacuum Electrical Gaps to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Method to Improve Voltage Holding Across Vacuum Electrical Gaps to A Method to Improve Voltage Holding Across Vacuum Electrical Gaps to Improve the Performance and Reduce the Conditioning Time by Removing Bacteria, Fungi, and Other Microbial Organisms and Their Spores. -- . Inventor Larry Grisham. Disclosed is a method to potentially increase the performance of devices which employ electric field within a vacuum by increasing the magnitude of the electric field gradient which can be sustained, the reliability of the devices, and by reducing the conditioning time of devices such as charged particle accelerators when they are brought into operation. The disclosed method can be employed, for example, for devices requiring voltages across vacuum gaps, such as, but not limited to, charged particle accelerators, X-ray machines, vacuum tubes, and vacuum electrical breakers.

398

On the Relation between Perfect Tunneling and Band Gaps for SNG Metamaterial Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we have proposed a compact classification of isotropic and homogenous single negative (SNG) electromagnetic metamaterial based perfect tunneling unit cells. This has been made by means of the band gap theories and properties of the arrays made up of these unit cells. Based on their reported characteristics, we have proposed new structures that simultaneously show perfect tunneling band and complete band gap (CBG - omni directional stop band for both polarizations). Besides, we have identified perfect tunneling which can be considered as "phase shifted perfect tunneling". Several interesting and new phenomena like Complete Perfect Tunneling (CPT - omni-directional perfect tunneling for both polarizations), Band Gap Shifting, CBG in Double Positive (DPS) material range, etc. have been reported with proper physical and mathematical explanations.

Mahdy, M R C; Shawon, Jubayer; Al-Quaderi, Golam Dastegir; Matin, M A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Method of manufacturing flexible metallic photonic band gap structures, and structures resulting therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a flexible metallic photonic band gap structure operable in the infrared region, comprises the steps of spinning on a first layer of dielectric on a GaAs substrate, imidizing this first layer of dielectric, forming a first metal pattern on this first layer of dielectric, spinning on and imidizing a second layer of dielectric, and then removing the GaAs substrate. This method results in a flexible metallic photonic band gap structure operable with various filter characteristics in the infrared region. This method may be used to construct multi-layer flexible metallic photonic band gap structures. Metal grid defects and dielectric separation layer thicknesses are adjusted to control filter parameters.

Gupta, Sandhya (Bloomington, MN); Tuttle, Gary L. (Ames, IA); Sigalas, Mihail (Ames, IA); McCalmont, Jonathan S. (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

400

Small-scale stress heterogeneity in the Anza seismic gap, southern California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Focal mechanism inversions reveal significant lateral variations in stress orientations along the Anza segment of the San Jacinto fault zone. The most notable stress anomaly is within the 20-km aseismic (seismic gap) portion of the fault zone, where {sigma}{sub 1}, the maximum compressive stress, is nearly horizontal and is oriented at 74{degrees} {+-} 13{degrees} relative to the fault strike. This contrasts with orientations ranging from 62{degrees} {+-} 11{degrees} to 49{degrees} {+-} 7{degrees} along the more seismically active portions of the fault zone immediately to the northwest and southeast of the seismic gap. Regional stress results, found by inverting all focal mechanisms simultaneously, indicate that {sigma}{sub 1} is horizontal and trends north-south, while {sigma}{sub 3} is horizontal and trends east-west. Approximately, 15 km west of the seismic gap, in the off-fault Cahuilla swarm area, {sigma}{sub 1} and {sigma}{sub 3} solutions are rotated clockwise by about 25{degrees} relative to the regional model. Roughly, 10 km southeast of the seismic gap near the Buck Ridge fault, {sigma}{sub 1} and {sigma}{sub 3} are rotated counterclockwise by about 10{degrees} relative to the regional solution. Northwest of the seismic gap along the fault zone, {sigma}{sub 3} plunges about 30{degrees} from the horizontal, correlating with a local increase in reverse faulting between the Hot Springs and San Jacinto faults. Southeast of the seismic gap, {sigma}{sub 1} plunges about 45{degrees} from the horizontal, correlating with a local increase in normal faulting in the trifurcation region of the Buck Ridge, Clark, and Coyote Creek faults. The authors propose a simple mechanical model in which a block rotation superimposed on the dominant right-lateral strike-slip motion of the fault zone satisfies the first-order observations of stress orientation, faulting, and horizontal surface strain. 51 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Hartse, H.E.; Fehler, M.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Aster, R.C. [New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM (United States); Scott, J.S.; Vernon, F.L. [Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, La Jolla, CA (United States)

1994-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

DEPENDENCE OF BAND GAP ON DEPOSITION PARAMETERS IN CdSe SINTERED FILMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

II-VI semiconductors form an important class of opto-electronic materials. CdSe is a promising material for the fabrication of photovoltaic devices. Polycrystalline CdSe films have been deposited onto ultra clean glass substrates by sintering process. The optical band gap of these films was determined by reflectance measurements in wavelength range 400-850 nm. The band gap of these films was observed to increase with increase in sintering temperature and sintering time separately. The crystal structure and lattice parameter of these films were determined from x-ray diffractograms. The films were polycrystalline in nature having cubic zinc blende structure.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 5 Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication:Carotenoids and Retinoids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 5 Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication:Carotenoids and Retinoids Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press ...

403

Development of a farm-firm modelling system for evaluation of herbaceous energy crops. Final project report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A complete analysis is performed to simulate biomass production incorporated into a realistic whole farm situation, including or replacing a typical crop mix. Representative farms are constructed to accommodate such simulation. Four management systems are simulated for each firm, with each simulation depicting a different crop mix and/or use of different farming technologies and production methods. The first simulation was a base farm plan in which the operator would maintain the historical crop mix for the area, participate in all price support programs, and not participate in either a conservative reserve or a biomass production program. In the second simulation, the operator would again maintain the historical crop mix, would not participate in a conservation reserve or biomass production program, and would be ineligible to participate in any price support system. The third simulation introduced the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and included participation in all price support programs. The fourth simulation introduced a biomass crop production enterprise (switchgrass) as an alternative to enrolling highly erodible cropland in the CRP and allowed participation in price support programs. Simulations were made for three farms, two in West Tennessee and on in South Georgia. Results indicate that erosion is likely to be reduced more by the diversion of cropland to permanent vegetative cover on farms similar to the more highly erodible West Tennessee farms than on the less erodible Tift County, Georgia farm. Equivalent reductions in erosion rates result from entering highly erodible cropland in the CRP and from production of switchgrass as a biomass energy crop. Both switchgrass and CRP farm plans result in decreased net returns from the base plan, although the biomass farm plans are, in general, more profitable than the CRP plans.

English, B.C.; Alexander, R.R.; Loewen, K.H.; Coady, S.A.; Cole, G.V.; Goodman, W.R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

FIRM Program Booklet[5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the time, expense and consumption of animals seen ... as the low-? friction, load bearing tissue ... such as backscattered energy, frequency dependence ...

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

The impact of the skills gap on the recruitment of MIS graduates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enrollment in MIS degree programs has been dropping significantly since 2001. Some of the reasons for this decline include the perceived lack of jobs for MIS graduates, confusion over the variety of computing degree programs, disinterest in MIS careers, ... Keywords: IT skills, MIS personnel, MIS workforce, job skills, skills gap

Andrew Aken; Michael D. Michalisin

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Double Moral Hazard and the Energy Efficiency Gap Louis-Gatan Giraudet1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information asymmetries, a classic market failure that has received little attention in the energy efficiency prove such investments are subject to market failures. Since then, economic analysis has sought to identify and quantify market failures that induce an `energy efficiency gap,' i.e., a suboptimal level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

An Identity-Based Signature from Gap Diffie-Hellman Groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose an identity(ID)-based signature scheme using gap Diffie-Hellman (GDH) groups. Our scheme is proved secure against existential forgery on adaptively chosen message and ID attack under the random oracle model. Using GDH groups ... Keywords: GDH group, ID-based signature, Weil pairing, elliptic curve

Jae Choon Cha; Jung Hee Cheon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Daily Thermal Predictions of the AGR-1 Experiment with Gas Gaps Varying with Time  

SciTech Connect

A new daily as-run thermal analysis was performed at the Idaho National Laboratory on the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) test experiment number one at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). This thermal analysis incorporates gas gaps changing with time during the irradiation experiment. The purpose of this analysis was to calculate the daily average temperatures of each compact to compare with experimental results. Post irradiation examination (PIE) measurements of the graphite holder and fuel compacts showed the gas gaps varying from the beginning of life. The control temperature gas gap and the fuel compact graphite holder gas gaps were linearly changed from the original fabrication dimensions, to the end of irradiation measurements. A steady-state thermal analysis was performed for each daily calculation. These new thermal predictions more closely match the experimental data taken during the experiment than previous analyses. Results are presented comparing normalized compact average temperatures to normalized log(R/B) Kr-85m. The R/B term is the measured release rate divided by the predicted birth rate for the isotope Kr-85m. Correlations between these two normalized values are presented.

Grant Hawkes; James Sterbentz; John Maki; Binh Pham

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

An Absence of Gaps in the Main Sequence Population of Field Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using high precision parallaxes from the Hipparcos catalog, we construct H-R diagrams for two samples of bright stars. The first is a magnitude-limited sample that is over 90% complete and uses uniform photometry from the Catalog of WBVR Magnitudes of Northern Sky Bright Stars (declination above -14 deg). This sample shows a smooth distribution of stars along the main sequence, with no detectable gaps. The second contains all of the stars closer than 100 parsecs in the Hipparcos catalog with declination less than -12 deg. Uniform spectroscopy from the Michigan Spectral Survey shows that some stars which appear on the main sequence in the H-R diagram, particularly those in the 0.2 < B-V < 0.3 region that has been labeled the Bohm-Vitense gap, are classified as giants by the MK system of spectral classification. Other gaps that have been identified in the main sequence are also affected by such classification criteria. This analysis casts doubt on the existence of the Bohm-Vitense gap, which is thought to result from the sudden onset of convection in stars. The standard identification of main sequence stars with luminosity class V, and giants with luminosity class III, must be reconsidered for some spectral types. The true nature of the stars that lie on the main sequence in the H-R diagram, but which do not have luminosity class V designations, remains to be investigated.

Heidi Jo Newberg; Brian Yanny

1998-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

High power breakdown testing of a photonic band-gap accelerator structure with elliptical rods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An improved single-cell photonic band-gap (PBG) structure with an inner row of elliptical rods (PBG-E) was tested with high power at a 60 Hz repetition rate at X-band (11.424 GHz), achieving a gradient of 128??MV/m at a ...

Munroe, Brian James

411

Summary of Gaps and Barriers for Implementing Residential Building Energy Efficiency Strategies  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the key gaps and barriers to implementing residential energy efficiency strategies in the U.S. market, as identified in sessions at the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America 2010 Residential Energy Efficiency Meeting held in Denver, Colorado, on July 20-22, 2010.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Is the osmole gap a valuable indicator for the need of hemodialysis in severe ethanol intoxication?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Up-to-date no indicator for hemodialysis in severe ethanol intoxication is available. In these cases, the benefits have to outweigh the risks and costs of hemodialysis. In this case report, a suicidal patient had ingested 250 ml of 95% ethanol and was ... Keywords: Ethanol intoxication, cerebral edema, hemodialysis, osmole gap, suicide

Ren Wildenauer; Philipp Kobbe; Christian Waydhas

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

An outer gap model of high-energy emission from rotation-powered pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a refined calculation of high energy emission from rotation-powered pulsars based on the Outer Gap model of Cheng, Ho \\&~Ruderman (1986a,b). We have improved upon previous efforts to model the spectra from these pulsars (e. g. Cheng, et al. 1986b; Ho 1989) by following the variation in particle production and radiation properties with position in the outer gap. Curvature, synchrotron and inverse-Compton scattering fluxes vary significantly over the gap and their interactions {\\it via} photon-photon pair production build up the radiating charge populations at varying rates. We have also incorporated an approximate treatment of the transport of particle and photon fluxes between gap emission zones. These effects, along with improved computations of the particle and photon distributions, provide very important modifications of the model gamma-ray flux. In particular, we attempt to make specific predictions of pulse profile shapes and spectral variations as a function of pulse phase and suggest fu...

Chiang, J

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series The Black-White Test Score Gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #05-09 June 2005 The Black-White Test Score Gap caregiver of a child. The final study sample in this paper is 1,794 children, 856 blacks and 938 whites" proxies are added to the model (VI), the black-white difference becomes non- significant at less than .2

Shyy, Wei

415

GaNPAs Solar Cells Lattice-Matched To GaP: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This conference paper describes the III-V semiconductors grown on silicon substrates are very attractive for lower-cost, high-efficiency multijunction solar cells, but lattice-mismatched alloys that result in high dislocation densities have been unable to achieve satisfactory performance. GaNxP1-x-yAsy is a direct-gap III-V alloy that can be grown lattice-matched to Si when y= 4.7x - 0.1. We propose the use of lattice-matched GaNPAs on silicon for high-efficiency multijunction solar cells. We have grown GaNxP1-x-yAsy on GaP (with a similar lattice constant to silicon) by metal-organic chemical vapor phase epitaxy with direct band-gaps in the range of 1.5 to 2.0 eV. We demonstrate the performance of single-junction GaNxP1-x-yAsy solar cells grown on GaP substrates and discuss the prospects for the development of monolithic high-efficiency multijunction solar cells based on silicon substrates.

Geisz, J. F.; Friedman, D. J.; Kurtz, S.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Defect gap states on III-V semiconductor-oxide interfaces (invited)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interfaces models of (100)GaAs and various high K oxides such as HfO"2, Gd"2O"3 or Al"2O"3 are used to study the interfacial defects and mis-bonded sites which can introduce states into the semiconductor gap, and cause the Fermi level pinning observed ... Keywords: Calculation, FET, GaAs, Interface states, Oxide, Passivation

J. Robertson; L. Lin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Effective photoelectric converters of ultraviolet radiation with graded-gap ZnS-based layers  

SciTech Connect

The use of ultrathin ({approx}10 nm) stable p-Cu{sub 1.8}S films as a transparent component of the p-Cu{sub 1.8}S-n-ZnS heterojunction as well as of the graded-gap layers made it possible to obtain effective photoconverters of ultraviolet radiation. The results of examination of the properties of photoactive Cu{sub 1.8}S-ZnS junctions grown on the CdS or CdSe substrates with intermediate graded-gap layers CdS-Zn{sub x}Cd{sub 1-x}S or CdSe-(ZnS){sub x}(CdSe){sub 1-} {sub x}, respectively, are presented. With the correct selection of parameters of the substrates, the graded-gap layers allows one to attain the optimal characteristics of the p-n junction, to realize high electric fields at the Cu{sub 1.8}S-ZnS contact, and to solve the problem of fabrication of the back ohmic contact to ZnS without additional doping of all components of the heterostructure with a foreign impurity. Varying the thickness of a thin ZnS layer, it is possible to control the extension of the space charge in the graded-gap layer and thereby to control the long-wavelength edge of photoconverter sensitivity.

Bobrenko, Yu. N.; Pavelets, S. Yu., E-mail: pavelets@voliacable.com; Pavelets, A. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lashkarev Institute of Semiconductor Physics (Ukraine)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

The Development of Layered Photonic Band Gap Structures Using a Micro-Transfer Molding Technique  

SciTech Connect

Photonic band gap (PBG) crystals are periodic dielectric structures that manipulate electromagnetic radiation in a manner similar to semiconductor devices manipulating electrons. Whereas a semiconductor material exhibits an electronic band gap in which electrons cannot exist, similarly, a photonic crystal containing a photonic band gap does not allow the propagation of specific frequencies of electromagnetic radiation. This phenomenon results from the destructive Bragg diffraction interference that a wave propagating at a specific frequency will experience because of the periodic change in dielectric permitivity. This gives rise to a variety of optical applications for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of opto-electronic devices. These applications are reviewed later. Several methods are currently used to fabricate photonic crystals, which are also discussed in detail. This research involves a layer-by-layer micro-transfer molding ({mu}TM) and stacking method to create three-dimensional FCC structures of epoxy or titania. The structures, once reduced significantly in size can be infiltrated with an organic gain media and stacked on a semiconductor to improve the efficiency of an electronically pumped light-emitting diode. Photonic band gap structures have been proven to effectively create a band gap for certain frequencies of electro-magnetic radiation in the microwave and near-infrared ranges. The objective of this research project was originally two-fold: to fabricate a three dimensional (3-D) structure of a size scaled to prohibit electromagnetic propagation within the visible wavelength range, and then to characterize that structure using laser dye emission spectra. As a master mold has not yet been developed for the micro transfer molding technique in the visible range, the research was limited to scaling down the length scale as much as possible with the current available technology and characterizing these structures with other methods.

Kevin Jerome Sutherland

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

P and n-type microcrystalline semiconductor alloy material including band gap widening elements, devices utilizing same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An n-type microcrystalline semiconductor alloy material including a band gap widening element; a method of fabricating p-type microcrystalline semiconductor alloy material including a band gap widening element; and electronic and photovoltaic devices incorporating said n-type and p-type materials.

Guha, Subhendu (Troy, MI); Ovshinsky, Stanford R. (Bloomfield Hills, MI)

1988-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

420

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interior

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs-Summary Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 41 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs-Summary Report LR O'Neil TJ Vanderhorst, Jr MJ Assante J Januszewski, III DH Tobey R Leo TJ Conway K Perman July 2013 PNNL- 22641 Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs-Summary Report LR O'Neil TJ Vanderhorst, Jr MJ Assante J Januszewski, III DH Tobey R Leo TJ Conway K Perman Contributors: SGC Panel Members July, 2013 Prepared by: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and NBISE Secure Power Systems Professional Project Team This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems

422

Summary of Gaps and Barriers for Implementing Residential Building Energy Efficiency Strategies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gaps and Gaps and Barriers for Implementing Residential Building Energy Efficiency Strategies 2010 Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting Denver, Colorado - July 20 - 22, 2010 August 2010 Prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory For the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned

423

Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9072 9072 September 2010 Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis Robert Remick National Renewable Energy Laboratory Douglas Wheeler DJW Technology, LLC National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-560-49072 September 2010 Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis Robert Remick National Renewable Energy Laboratory Douglas Wheeler DJW Technology, LLC Prepared under Task No. H278.7210

424

On the ``massless gap`` adjustment of detected energy for passive material in front of a calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

I have designed a correction scheme for energy losses in passive material in front of a calorimeter based on the ``massless gap`` idea. I use a flexible geometry model of a calorimeter design for SDC outside of a solenoidal coil made of aluminium cylinders of adjustable thickness. The signal from the first radiation length of active calorimetry is scaled dependent on the incoming and observed energies of the shower. A reasonable recovery of the resolution of an unobstructed calorimeter is achieved using correction factors that depend only upon the total thickness of passive material. Thus a useful correction may be built into the hardware by increasing the amount of scintillator in the first radiation length of the active calorimeter. The distribution of correction factors determined event-by-event indicate that an additional dependence on the observed signal in the massless gap and total incident energy is clearly present.

Trost, H.J.

1992-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

425

On the massless gap'' adjustment of detected energy for passive material in front of a calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

I have designed a correction scheme for energy losses in passive material in front of a calorimeter based on the massless gap'' idea. I use a flexible geometry model of a calorimeter design for SDC outside of a solenoidal coil made of aluminium cylinders of adjustable thickness. The signal from the first radiation length of active calorimetry is scaled dependent on the incoming and observed energies of the shower. A reasonable recovery of the resolution of an unobstructed calorimeter is achieved using correction factors that depend only upon the total thickness of passive material. Thus a useful correction may be built into the hardware by increasing the amount of scintillator in the first radiation length of the active calorimeter. The distribution of correction factors determined event-by-event indicate that an additional dependence on the observed signal in the massless gap and total incident energy is clearly present.

Trost, H.J.

1992-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Laboratory Studies on Surface Sampling of Bacillus anthracis Contamination: Summary, Gaps, and Recommendations  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes previous laboratory studies to characterize the performance of methods for collecting, storing/transporting, processing, and analyzing samples from surfaces contaminated by Bacillus anthracis or related surrogates. The focus is on plate culture and count estimates of surface contamination for swab, wipe, and vacuum samples of porous and nonporous surfaces. Summaries of the previous studies and their results were assessed to identify gaps in information needed as inputs to calculate key parameters critical to risk management in biothreat incidents. One key parameter is the number of samples needed to make characterization or clearance decisions with specified statistical confidence. Other key parameters include the ability to calculate, following contamination incidents, the (1) estimates of Bacillus anthracis contamination, as well as the bias and uncertainties in the estimates, and (2) confidence in characterization and clearance decisions for contaminated or decontaminated buildings. Gaps in knowledge and understanding identified during the summary of the studies are discussed and recommendations are given for future studies.

Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Hu, Rebecca

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Periodic dielectric structure for production of photonic band gap and method for fabricating the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for fabricating a periodic dielectric structure which exhibits a photonic band gap. Alignment holes are formed in a wafer of dielectric material having a given crystal orientation. A planar layer of elongate rods is then formed in a section of the wafer. The formation of the rods includes the step of selectively removing the dielectric material of the wafer between the rods. The formation of alignment holes and layers of elongate rods and wafers is then repeated to form a plurality of patterned wafers. A stack of patterned wafers is then formed by rotating each successive wafer with respect to the next-previous wafer, and then placing the successive wafer on the stack. This stacking results in a stack of patterned wafers having a four-layer periodicity exhibiting a photonic band gap. 42 figures.

Ozbay, E.; Tuttle, G.; Michel, E.; Ho, K.M.; Biswas, R.; Chan, C.T.; Soukoulis, C.

1995-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

428

Fabrication of Ceramic Layer-by-Layer Infrared Wavelength Photonic Band Gap Crystals  

SciTech Connect

Photonic band gap (PBG) crystals, also known as photonic crystals, are periodic dielectric structures which form a photonic band gap that prohibit the propagation of electromagnetic (EM) waves of certain frequencies at any incident angles. Photonic crystals have several potential applications including zero-threshold semiconductor lasers, the inhibition of spontaneous emission, dielectric mirrors, and wavelength filters. If defect states are introduced in the crystals, light can be guided from one location to another or even a sharp bending of light in micron scale can be achieved. This generates the potential for optical waveguide and optical circuits, which will contribute to the improvement in the fiber-optic communications and the development of high-speed computers.

Henry Hao-Chuan Kang

2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

Dynamical mass generation by source inversion: Calculating the mass gap of the Gross-Neveu model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the U(N) Gross-Neveu model with a source-term $J\\bar{\\Psi}\\Psi$. We find an expression for the renormalization scheme and scale invariant source $\\hat{J}$, as a function of the generated mass gap. The expansion of this function is organized in such a way that all scheme and scale dependence is reduced to one single parameter d. We get a non-perturbative mass gap as the solution of $\\hat{J}=0$. In one loop we find that any physical choice for d gives good results for high values of N. In two loops we can determine d self-consistently by the principle of minimal sensitivity and find remarkably accurate results for N>2.

K. Van Acoleyen; H. Verschelde

2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

430

Periodic dielectric structure for production of photonic band gap and method for fabricating the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabricating a periodic dielectric structure which exhibits a photonic band gap. Alignment holes are formed in a wafer of dielectric material having a given crystal orientation. A planar layer of elongate rods is then formed in a section of the wafer. The formation of the rods includes the step of selectively removing the dielectric material of the wafer between the rods. The formation of alignment holes and layers of elongate rods and wafers is then repeated to form a plurality of patterned wafers. A stack of patterned wafers is then formed by rotating each successive wafer with respect to the next-previous wafer, and then placing the successive wafer on the stack. This stacking results in a stack of patterned wafers having a four-layer periodicity exhibiting a photonic band gap.

Ozbay, Ekmel (Ames, IA); Tuttle, Gary (Ames, IA); Michel, Erick (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA); Biswas, Rana (Ames, IA); Chan, Che-Ting (Ames, IA); Soukoulis, Costas (Ames, IA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Preparation of the spacer for narrow electrode gap configuration in ionization-based gas sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have started to be developed as the sensing element for ionization-based gas sensors due to the demand for improved sensitivity, selectivity, stability and other sensing properties beyond what can be offered by the conventional ones. Although these limitations have been overcome, the problems still remain with the conventional ionization-based gas sensors in that they are bulky and operating with large breakdown voltage and high temperature. Recent studies have shown that the breakdown voltage can be reduced by using nanostructured electrodes and narrow electrode gap. Nanostructured electrode in the form of aligned CNTs array with evenly distributed nanotips can enhance the linear electric field significantly. The later is attributed to the shorter conductivity path through narrow electrode gap. The paper presents the study on the design consideration in order to realize ionization based gas sensor using aligned carbon nanotubes array in an optimum sensor configuration with narrow electrode gap. Several deposition techniques were studied to deposit the spacer, the key component that can control the electrode gap. Plasma spray deposition, electron beam deposition and dry oxidation method were employed to obtain minimum film thickness around 32 {mu}m. For plasma spray method, sand blasting process is required in order to produce rough surface for strong bonding of the deposited film onto the surface. Film thickness, typically about 39 {mu}m can be obtained. For the electron beam deposition and dry oxidation, the film thickness is in the range of nanometers and thus unsuitable to produce the spacer. The deposited multilayer film consisting of copper, alumina and ferum on which CNTs array will be grown was found to be removed during the etching process. This is attributed to the high etching rate on the thin film which can be prevented by reducing the rate and having a thicker conductive copper film.

Saheed, Mohamed Shuaib Mohamed; Mohamed, Norani Muti; Burhanudin, Zainal Arif [Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak. (Malaysia); Fundamental and Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak. (Malaysia); Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak. (Malaysia)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

432

Microsoft Word - EM_CM_3_Risk_Management_Best Practices and Gaps.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONTRACT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN CORRECTIVE MEASURE 3 IDENTIFICATION OF BEST RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND ANALYSIS OF DOE RISK MANAGEMENT PLANS SUMMARY REPORT JULY 2009 ii iii Contents 1.0 Introduction......................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Discussion of Approach...................................................................................................... 2 3.0 Summary of Gaps and Planned Next Steps ........................................................................ 7 Attachment 1- List of Risk Management Plans Reviewed ........................................................ 12 Attachment 2-Risk Management Best Practices

433

EPRI Materials Management Matrix Project Gap and Opportunity Assessment: Revision 0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An opportunity exists to leverage operating plant experience by proactively identifying and addressing materials performance issues for advanced light water reactor (ALWR) designs currently under consideration for new construction. The Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Advanced Nuclear Technology (ANT) program Materials Management Matrix (MMM) project was initiated to identify important materials performance issues. This report provides a distillation of the important gaps and opportunities id...

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: recoftc.org/site/fileadmin/docs/publications/The_Grey_Zone/2009/Forest Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

435

Coexistence and competition of nematic and gapped states in bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In bilayer graphene, the phase diagram in the plane of a strain-induced bare nematic term, ${\\cal N}_{0}$, and a top-bottom gates voltage imbalance, $U_{0}$, is obtained by solving the gap equation in the random-phase approximation. At nonzero ${\\cal N}_0$ and $U_0$, the phase diagram consists of two hybrid spin-valley symmetry-broken phases with both nontrivial nematic and mass-type order parameters. The corresponding phases are separated by a critical line of first- and second-order phase transitions at small and large values of ${\\cal N}_0$, respectively. The existence of a critical end point, where the line of first-order phase transitions terminates, is predicted. For ${\\cal N}_0=0$, a pure gapped state with a broken spin-valley symmetry is the ground state of the system. As ${\\cal N}_{0}$ increases, the nematic order parameter increases, and the gap weakens in the hybrid state. For $U_{0}=0$, a quantum second-order phase transition from the hybrid state into a pure gapless nematic state occurs when the strain reaches a critical value. A nonzero $U_{0}$ suppresses the critical value of the strain. The relevance of these results to recent experiments is briefly discussed.

E. V. Gorbar; V. P. Gusynin; V. A. Miransky; I. A. Shovkovy

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

436

Rail-gap switch modifications and test data for the Atlas capacitor bank  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Atlas is a facility being designed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to perform high energy-density experiments in support of weapons-physics and basic-research programs. The capacitor bank design consists of a 36-MJ array of 240-kV Marx modules. The system is designed to deliver a peak current of 45- to 50-MA with a 4- to 5-us risetime. Evaluation, testing and qualification of key components of the Marx module are being conducted. One key element of the Marx module is the low inductance, high-voltage, high-current, high-coulomb transfer spark-gap switch needed for this application, 304 of which will be used in the Atlas capacitor bank. Because of the Marx module configuration, overall system inductance requirements and the need for a triggered switch, the design team initially selected the Maxwell Technologies railgap switch. The switch has been used in other high-voltage, high-current, high-coulomb transfer applications and would meet the Atlas facility requirements with some modifications. Testing of the Maxwell rail-gap switch under expected Atlas conditions is in progress. For the Atlas application, the rail-gap switch required some mechanical design modifications, which are discussed. Maxwell provided to modified switches for testing and evaluation. Results of this testing, before and after modifications, and inherent maintenance improvements to meet overall system reliability will be discussed.

Lopez, E.A.; Bennett, G.A.; Bartsch, R.R. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Photonic band gaps in one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals with arbitrary magnetic declination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the properties of photonic band gaps and dispersion relations of one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals composed of dielectric and magnetized plasma layers with arbitrary magnetic declination are theoretically investigated for TM polarized wave based on transfer matrix method. As TM wave propagates in one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals, the electromagnetic wave can be divided into two modes due to the influence of Lorentz force. The equations for effective dielectric functions of such two modes are theoretically deduced, and the transfer matrix equation and dispersion relations for TM wave are calculated. The influences of relative dielectric constant, plasma collision frequency, incidence angle, plasma filling factor, the angle between external magnetic field and +z axis, external magnetic field and plasma frequency on transmission, and dispersion relation are investigated, respectively, and some corresponding physical explanations are also given. From the numerical results, it has been shown that plasma collision frequency cannot change the locations of photonic band gaps for both modes, and also does not affect the reflection and transmission magnitudes. The characteristics of photonic band gaps for both modes can be obviously tuned by relative dielectric constant, incidence angle, plasma filling factor, the angle between external magnetic field and +z axis, external magnetic field and plasma frequency, respectively. These results would provide theoretical instructions for designing filters, microcavities, and fibers, etc.

Zhang Haifeng [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Nanjing Artillery Academy, Nanjing 211132 (China); Liu Shaobin [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves of Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210096 (China); Kong Xiangkun [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Effects of Data Gaps on the Calculated Monthly Mean Maximum and Minimum Temperatures in the Continental United States: A Spatial and Temporal Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gaps in otherwise regularly scheduled observations are often referred to as missing data. This paper explores the spatial and temporal impacts that data gaps in the recorded daily maximum and minimum temperatures have on the calculated monthly ...

David E. Stooksbury; Craig D. Idso; Kenneth G. Hubbard

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Observations of Gap Flow in the Wipp Valley on 20 October 1999: Evidence of Subsidence TOMISLAV MARIC AND DALE R. DURRAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of Gap Flow in the Wipp Valley on 20 October 1999: Evidence of Subsidence TOMISLAV-foehn event that occurred on 20 October 1999 in the Wipp Valley is constructed. Down- stream of the gap observations of the above- surface flow in a narrow gap were finally obtained in the Wipp valley (Wipptal

440

ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results David R. Cook, Meredith Franklin, Donna J. Holdridge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results David R. Cook, Meredith Franklin, Donna J. Holdridge Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Climate Change Research Division, under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357, as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. Argonne National Laboratory is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy ABSTRACT An eddy correlation (ECOR) value-added product (VAP) has been developed that uses ECOR temperature, humidity, and wetness state (or default values of the same) to determine corrections to and gap-filling of the flux measurements. An outlier routine is used to remove obvious incorrect data before gap-filling is performed.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The response of the Red Sea to a strong wind jet near the Tokar Gap in summer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing and in situ observations are used to investigate the ocean response to the Tokar Wind Jet in the Red Sea. The wind jet blows down the pressure gradient through the Tokar Gap on the Sudanese coast, at about ...

Zhai, Ping, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Closing the Gap: Using the Clean Air Act to Control Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to close the gap on unregulated greenhouse gas emissions.a higher lifecycle greenhouse gas content than conventionalIN- FORMATION ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONs AssocIATEIDn wrri

Hagan, Colin R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Measurement of the intensity of the beam in the abort gap at the Tevatron utilizing synchrotron light  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the implementation of abort gap beam intensity monitoring at the Tevatron collider at Fermilab. There are two somewhat independent monitors which measure the intensity of the synchrotron light emitted by particles in the abort gaps. One system uses a gated Photomultiplier Tube (PMT) to measure the light intensity, and the other system uses a single lens telescope, gated image intensifier, and Charge Injection Device (CID) camera to image the beam.

Thurman-Keup, R.; Lorman, E.; Meyer, T.; Pordes, S.; /Fermilab; De Santis, S.; /LBL, Berkeley

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Determing Degradation Of Fiberboard In The 9975 Shipping Package By Measuring Axial Gap  

SciTech Connect

Currently, thousands of model 9975 transportation packages are in use by the US Department of Energy (DOE); the design of which has been certified by DOE for shipment of Type B radioactive and fissile materials in accordance with Part 71, Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), or 10 CFR 71, Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material. These transportation packages are also approved for the storage of DOE-STD-3013 containers at the Savannah River Site (SRS). As such, the 9975 has been continuously exposed to the service environment for a period of time greater than the approved transportation service life. In order to ensure the material integrity as specified in the safety basis, an extensive surveillance program is in place in K-Area Complex (KAC) to monitor the structural and thermal properties of the fiberboard of the 9975 shipping packages. The surveillance approach uses a combination of Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) field surveillance and Destructive Examination (DE) lab testing to validate the 9975 performance assumptions. The fiberboard in the 9975 is credited with thermal insulation, criticality control and resistance to crushing. During surveillance monitoring in KAC, an increased axial gap of the fiberboard was discovered on selected items packaged at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). Many of these packages were later found to contain excess moisture. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) testing has resulted in a better understanding of the relationship between the fiberboard moisture level and compaction of the fiberboard under storage conditions and during transport. In laboratory testing, the higher moisture content has been shown to correspond to higher total compaction of fiberboard material and compaction rate. The fiberboard height is reduced by compression of the layers. This change is observed directly in the axial gap between the flange and the air shield. The axial gap measurement is made during the pre-use inspection or during the annual recertification process and is a screening measurement for changes in the fiberboard.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Technical Barriers, Gaps, and Opportunities Related to Home Energy Upgrade Market Delivery  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the technical barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. The objective of this report is to outline the technical1 barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. This information will be used to provide guidance for new research necessary to enable the success of the approaches. Investigation for this report was conducted via publications related to home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, and a series of interviews with subject matter experts (contractors, consultants, program managers, manufacturers, trade organization representatives, and real estate agents). These experts specified technical barriers and gaps, and offered suggestions for how the technical community might address them. The potential benefits of home energy upgrades are many and varied: reduced energy use and costs; improved comfort, durability, and safety; increased property value; and job creation. Nevertheless, home energy upgrades do not comprise a large part of the overall home improvement market. Residential energy efficiency is the most complex climate intervention option to deliver because the market failures are many and transaction costs are high (Climate Change Capital 2009). The key reasons that energy efficiency investment is not being delivered are: (1) The opportunity is highly fragmented; and (2) The energy efficiency assets are nonstatus, low-visibility investments that are not properly valued. There are significant barriers to mobilizing the investment in home energy upgrades, including the 'hassle factor' (the time and effort required to identify and secure improvement works), access to financing, and the opportunity cost of capital and split incentives.

Bianchi, M. V. A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Technical Barriers, Gaps, and Opportunities Related to Home Energy Upgrade Market Delivery  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the technical barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. The objective of this report is to outline the technical1 barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. This information will be used to provide guidance for new research necessary to enable the success of the approaches. Investigation for this report was conducted via publications related to home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, and a series of interviews with subject matter experts (contractors, consultants, program managers, manufacturers, trade organization representatives, and real estate agents). These experts specified technical barriers and gaps, and offered suggestions for how the technical community might address them. The potential benefits of home energy upgrades are many and varied: reduced energy use and costs; improved comfort, durability, and safety; increased property value; and job creation. Nevertheless, home energy upgrades do not comprise a large part of the overall home improvement market. Residential energy efficiency is the most complex climate intervention option to deliver because the market failures are many and transaction costs are high (Climate Change Capital 2009). The key reasons that energy efficiency investment is not being delivered are: (1) The opportunity is highly fragmented; and (2) The energy efficiency assets are nonstatus, low-visibility investments that are not properly valued. There are significant barriers to mobilizing the investment in home energy upgrades, including the 'hassle factor' (the time and effort required to identify and secure improvement works), access to financing, and the opportunity cost of capital and split incentives.

Bianchi, M. V. A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Code Gaps and Future Research Needs of Combustion Safety: Building America Expert Meeting Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Update Meeting April 2013 Technical Update Meeting April 2013 www.buildingamerica.gov Buildings Technologies Program Code Gaps and Future Research Needs for Combustion Safety 2012 Expert Meeting Larry Brand Gas Technology Institute April 29-30, 2013 Building America Technical Update Meeting Denver, Colorado installation, inspection and testing 2. Appliance Installation: clearances to combustible materials, combustion air, and testing 3. Appliance venting: allowed materials, vent type selection, sizing, installation, and testing Fundamental Combustion Safety Related Coverage: 2 | Building America Technical Update Meeting April 2013 www.buildingamerica.gov 1. Gas piping: allowed materials, sizing, Code Coverage Three Key Provisions For Combustion Safety in the Codes 1. Combustion air

448

Experimental study of upper sd shell nuclei and evolution of sd-fp shell gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intruder orbitals from the fp shell play important role in the structure of nuclei around the line of stability in the upper sd shell. Experimentally we have studied {sup 35}Cl, {sup 30}P, {sup 36}Cl, {sup 37}Ar and {sup 34}Cl in this mass region using the INGA setup. Large basis cross-shell shell model calculations have indicated the need for change of the sd-fp energy gap for reliable reproduction of negative parity and high spin positive parity states. Indication of population of states of large deformation has been found in our data. Theoretical interpretation of these states has been discussed.

Sarkar, M. Saha [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata - 700064 (India)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

449

Methodology for Defining Gap Areas between Course-over-ground Locations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding all areas that lie outside some distance d from a polyline is a problem with many potential applications. This application of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software required finding all areas that were more than distance d from a set of existing paths (roads and trails) represented by polylines. An outer container polygon (known in VSP as a sample area) defines the extents of the area of interest. The term gap area was adopted for this project, but another useful term might be negative coverage area. The project required a polygon solution rather than a raster solution. The search for a general solution provided no results, so this methodology was developed

Wilson, John E.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

Analysis of plasma-magnetic photonic crystal with a tunable band gap  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, electromagnetic wave propagation through the one-dimensional plasma-magnetic photonic crystal in the presence of external magnetic field has been analyzed. The dispersion relation, transmission and reflection coefficients have been obtained by using the transfer matrix method. It is investigated how photonic band gap of photonic crystals will be tuned when both dielectric function {epsilon} and magnetic permeability {mu} of the constitutive materials, depend on applied magnetic field. This is shown by one dimensional photonic crystals consisting of plasma and ferrite material layers stacked alternately.

Mehdian, H.; Mohammadzahery, Z.; Hasanbeigi, A. [Department of Physics and Plasma Research Institute of Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Dr Mofatteh Avenue, Tehran 15614 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motor and Drive Research FY 2004  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this task was to study permanent magnet (PM) radial-gap traction drive systems that could meet the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program's 2010 goals to expose weaknesses or identify strengths. Initially, the approach was to compare attributes such as physical deformations during operation, performance (torque, power, efficiency versus speed), material requirements (strength), material costs, manufacturability, weight, power density, specific power, reliability, and drivability for specific motors. Three motors selected were the commercially available 60-kW radial-gap surface-mounted PM motor manufactured by UQM Technologies, Inc.; a hypothetical PM motor with rotor-supported magnets similar to the Honda MCF-21; and Delphi's automotive electric machine drive motor, whose rotor is a ferromagnetic cylinder, held at one end by a shaft that supports the magnets on its inner surface. Potential problems have appeared related to PM motors, such as (1) high no-load spin losses and high operational power losses, probably from eddy current losses in the rotor; (2) the undemonstrated dual mode inverter control (DMIC) for driving a brushless dc motor (BDCM) (UQM and Delphi motors); (3) uncertainty about the potential for reducing current with DMIC; and (4) uncertainty about the relation between material requirements and maximum rotor speed. Therefore, the approach was changed to study in detail three of the comparison attributes: drivability, performance, and material requirements. Drivability and related problems were examined by demonstrating that DMIC may be used to drive an 18-pole 30-kW PM motor to 6000 rpm, where the maximum electrical frequency is 900 Hz. An available axial-gap test motor with 18 poles was used because its control is identical to that of a radial gap PM motor. Performance was analytically examined, which led to a derivation showing that DMIC controls a PM motor so that the motor uses minimum current to produce any power regardless of speed for relative speeds, n = {omega}/{omega}{sub base} {ge} 2. Performance was also examined with efficiency measurements during the 30-kW PM motor test. Material requirements were examined with finite-element analyses (FEA) to determine the speed and location where yield starts and the corresponding deformations and stresses.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

452

"Medium-tech" industries may be of greater importance to a local economy than "High-tech" firms: New methods for measuring the knowledge base of an economic system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we offer a way to measure the knowledge base of an economy in terms of probabilistic entropy. This measure, we hypothesize, is an indication of the extent to which a system, including the economic system, self-organizes. In a self-organizing system, interactions between dimensions or subsystems will unintentionally give rise to anticipations that are properly aligned. The potential reduction of uncertainty can be measured as negative entropy in the mutual information among three (or more) dimensions. For a knowledge-based economy, three dimensions can be considered as key: the distribution of firm sizes, the geographical locations, and the technological classifications of firms. Based on statistics of these three dimensions and drawing on a unique dataset of all Dutch firms registered with the Chambers of Commerce, we are able to refine well-known empirical findings for the geographical dimension. Counter-intuitive, however, are our empirical findings for the dimension of technology. Knowledge d...

Dolfsma, Wilfred

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Solar-Cycle Characteristics Examined in Separate Hemispheres: Phase, Gnevyshev Gap, and Length of Minimum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research results from solar-dynamo models show the northern and southern hemispheres may evolve separately throughout the solar cycle. The observed phase lag between the hemispheres provides information regarding the strength of hemispheric coupling. Using hemispheric sunspot-area and sunspot-number data from Cycles 12 - 23, we determine how out of phase the separate hemispheres are during the rising, maximum, and declining period of each solar cycle. Hemispheric phase differences range from 0 - 11, 0 - 14, and 2 - 19 months for the rising, maximum, and declining periods, respectively. The phases appear randomly distributed between zero months (in phase) and half of the rise (or decline) time of the solar cycle. An analysis of the Gnevyshev gap is conducted to determine if the double-peak is caused by the averaging of two hemispheres that are out of phase. We confirm previous findings that the Gnevyshev gap is a phenomenon that occurs in the separate hemispheres and is not due to a superposition of sunspot in...

Norton, A A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Time-Resolved Femtosecond Laser Desorption from Wide-BandGap Single Crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have used femtosecond laser pulse pairs to measure the positive ion yield, from wide band-gap single crystals, as a function of time-delay between pulses. Two-pulse correlation allows direct observation of solid state and surface dynamics on an ultrafast timescale. The ion yield, from 265 nm irradiated MgO and KBr, depends critically on the time delay between two sub-threshold pulses. For example, the Mg+ desorption yield displays three distinct features; a coherence peak, followed by rise, and decay features. In contract, the yield of K+ from KBr displays only the coherence peak and picosecond decay features. The data suggest, that although the nanosecond ion desorption mechanism is dominated by defect photoabsorption, significant electron-hole pair production may contribute to the desorption mechanism following femtosecond excitation. Nanosecond photoexcitation of KBr near 6.4 eV leads to desorption of hyperthermal neutral bromine atoms without a significant thermal velocity component. Two-photon femtosecond excitation at 3.2 eV produces very similar results. Multiphoton femtosecond excitation provides an efficient excitation mechanism of the wide-gap material. These results are likely general for ionic crystals and are consistent with a recently described theoretical model.

Hess, Wayne P. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Joly, Alan G. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Beck, Kenneth M. (University of Central Florida ); Dickinson, J T. (8392); Claude R. Phipps

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Mass gap in quantum energy-mass spectrum of relativistic Yang-Mills fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A relativistic quantum Yang-Mills theory with a simple compact gauge Lie group on the four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime is set up in a framework of infinite-dimensional pseudodifferential operators in a nuclear Kree-Gelfand triple. The linear quantum Yang-Mills energy-mass operator is defined as the anti-normal quantization of the non-linear Yang-Mills energy-mass functional of consrained Cauchy data supported by an euclidean ball of a radius R. It is shown that expectation functional of the Yang-Mills energy-mass operator majorises the expectation functional of a scaled occupation number operator so that, by variational spectral principles, the quantum Yang-Mills spectral mass gap is positive. The mass gap is proportional to 1/R. The running coupling constant is proportional to the square root of R, leading to an asymptotic freedom for quantum Yang-Mills theory at short distances. This mathematically rigorous theory is non-perturbative and provides a solution for the 7th Clay Institute Millennium problem.

Alexander Dynin

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

456

Gaps at the periphery of N Reactor graphite stack: A photographic survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Miniature camera techniques were used to examine regions at the perimeter of the N Reactor graphite stack. Extensive coverage in previously unexplored regions was obtained. Gaps at the top of the unit show no visible evidence of graphite growth related distortion or displacement. Debris apparently associated with leaks in the subcritical monitors is observed but there are no indications that the material adversely affects the functions of safety, cooling, or monitoring systems. Gaps inside the right primary shield reveal graphite cooling tubes and other components in undisturbed condition. The only changes since construction are a thin layer of graphite dust from earlier rod channel renovation and oxide films on steel components. In the steam vent between moderator and reflector graphite, displaced and broken graphite blocks are observed. Again, no functional impairment of rod channels or other systems is observed. There is no evidence of distortion or deterioration of the graphite cooling tubes. The surveillance summarized here explores many previously hidden recesses. Some findings were unpredicted but none have given cause to change the safety status of the ball channel or control rod systems or to initiate any new safety enhancement measures. This report establishes a baseline for visual surveillance in perimeter regions of the N Reactor stack if operations resume. 10 refs., 22 figs., 1 tab.

Woodruff, E.M.; Weber, J.R.; Sinclair, R.B.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Black Americans reduce the racial IQ gap: Evidence from standardization samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the University of Virginia for helpful comment. 2 It is often asserted that blacks have made no IQ gains on whites, despite relative environmental gains, and that this adds credibility to the case that the black/white IQ gap has genetic origins. Until recently, there have been no adequate data to measure black IQ trends. We analyze data from nine standardization samples for four major tests of cognitive ability. These suggest that blacks have gained 5 or 6 IQ points on non-Hispanic whites between 1972 and 2002. Gains have been fairly uniform across the entire range of black cognitive ability. Philippe Rushton and Arthur Jensen (2005) state that the IQ difference between black and white Americans stands at 1.1 standard deviations (SDs) and is as large today as it was nearly 100 years ago. No one really knows the history of the black/white gap. Estimates for 1917 and 1943 are based on military data subject to a host of biases. Estimates since 1945 are based almost entirely on averaging studies, none of which compare nationally representative samples taking the same test administered at two different times (Herrnstein & Murray, 1994). Flynn (1987) analyzed military data and found that blacks

T. Dickens; James R. Flynn; Acknowledgements Rebecca Vichniac

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Correlation between surface chemistry, density and band gap in nanocrystalline WO3 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline WO3 thin films were produced by sputter-deposition by varying the ratio of argon to oxygen in the reactive gas mixture during deposition. The surface chemistry, physical characteristics, and optical properties of nanocrystalline WO3 films were evaluated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray reflectivity (XRR), and spectrophotometric measurements. The effect of ultra-microstructure was significant on the optical properties of WO3 films. The XPS analyses indicate the formation of stoichiometric WO3 with tungsten existing in fully oxidized valence state (W6+). However, WO3 films grown at high oxygen concentration (>60%) in the sputtering gas mixture were over stoichiometric with excess oxygen. XRR simulations, which are based on isotropic WO3 film - SiO2 interface - Si substrate model, indicate that the density of WO3 films is sensitive to the oxygen content in the sputtering gas. The spectral transmission of the films increased with the increasing oxygen. The band gap of these films increases from 2.78 eV to 3.25 eV with increasing oxygen. A direct correlation between the film-density and band gap in nanocrystalline WO3 films is established based on the observed results.

Vemuri, Venkata Rama Ses; Engelhard, Mark H.; Ramana, C.V.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

EI @ Haas WP 228R Is There an Energy Efficiency Gap?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many analysts have argued that energy efficiency investments offer an enormous win-win opportunity to both reduce negative externalities and save money. This overview paper presents a simple model of investment in energy-using capital stock with two types of market failures: first, uninternalized externalities from energy consumption, and second, forces such as imperfect information that cause consumers and firms not to exploit privately-profitable energy efficiency investments. The model clarifies that only if the second type of market failure cannot be addressed directly through mechanisms such as information provision, energy efficiency subsidies and standards may be merited. We therefore review the empirical work on the magnitude of profitable unexploited energy efficiency investments, a literature which frequently does not meet modern standards for credibly estimating the net present value of energy cost savings and often leaves other benefits and costs unmeasured. These problems notwithstanding, recent empirical work in a variety of contexts implies that on average the magnitude of profitable unexploited investment opportunities is much smaller than engineering-accounting studies suggest. Finally, there is tremendous opportunity and need for policy-relevant research that

Hunt Allcott; Michael Greenstone; Hunt Allcott; Michael Greenstone; Jim Mcmahon; Sendhil Mullainathan; Steve Nadel; Richard Newell; Jim Sallee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Activation of Protein Kinase C by Arachidonic Acid Selectively Enhances the Phosphorylation of GAP-43 in Nerve Terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arachidonic acid (AA), a c&unsaturated fatty acid that activates certain subspecies of protein kinase C (PKC), has been proposed to act as a retrograde messenger in modifying the efficacy of synapses during long-term potentiation (LTP). One prominent PKC substrate of the nerve terminal membrane, GAP-43 (Fl, B-50, neuromodulin), shows an increase in phosphorylation that correlates with the persistence of LTP. The present study investigated whether AA might exert its effects on presynaptic endings by modulating the phosphorylation of GAP-43 and other membrane-bound proteins. Using synaptosomal membranes from the rat cerebrocortex, in which in vivo relationships between protein kinases and their native substrates are likely to be preserved, we found that in the absence of Ca*+, AA exerted a modest effect on the phosphorylation of GAP-43 and several

J. D. Schaechter; L. Benowitz

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windy gap firming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Chalking up a Marine Blooming Alga: Genome Fills a Gap in the Tree of Life  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 12, 2013 June 12, 2013 Chalking up a Marine Blooming Alga: Genome Fills a Gap in the Tree of Life To World War II soldiers, "The White Cliffs of Dover" was a morale-boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times. To geographers, the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to continental Europe. To scientists, the white cliffs are towering structures made of the chalky, white shells that envelop the single-celled photosynthetic alga known as Emiliania huxleyi. "Ehux" is a coccolithophore, with an exoskeleton made of calcium carbonate. Even though the process by which the alga's "armor" forms releases carbon dioxide, Ehux can trap as much as 20 percent of organic carbon, derived from CO2, in some marine ecosystems. The white cliffs of Dover are composed of the chalky, white shells that envelop the single-celled photosynthetic alga known as Emiliania huxleyi.

462

Neural Networks Bridge Clean Air Act Gaps - PETC Review, Winter 1996  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEURAL NETWORKS BRIDGE NEURAL NETWORKS BRIDGE CLEAN AIR ACT GAPS Making strides in previously untapped areas as environmental restrictions tighten, computer software is claiming an increasingly dominant role in power plant operations that can help utilities and industrial sources ensure emissions compliance. And in some cases, artificial intelligence can heighten the effectiveness of clean coal technologies without inflating costs, rewarding coal-burning utilities that use clean coal technology-style equipment while potentially widening the market for clean coal systems overall. PETC, during the past five years, has pursued scale, PETC researchers are testing artificial an aggressive, $2 million-plus, research cam- intelligence systems' ability to estimate ash paign that focuses on developing simple ways

463

Strategies to Address Identified Education Gaps in the Preparation of a National Security Workforce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report will discuss strategies available to address identified gaps and weaknesses in education efforts aimed at the preparation of a skilled and properly trained national security workforce.The need to adequately train and educate a national security workforce is at a critical juncture. Even though there are an increasing number of college graduates in the appropriate fields, many of these graduates choose to work in the private sector because of more desirable salary and benefit packages. This is contributing to an inability to fill vacant positions at NNSA resulting from high personnel turnover from the large number of retirements. Further, many of the retirees are practically irreplaceable because they are Cold War scientists that have experience and expertise with nuclear weapons.

None

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Unusual Room Temperature Ferromagnetism in Bulk Sintered GaP Doped with Copper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robust room temperature ferromagnetism is obtained in single phase Gallium Phosphide doped with Cu{sup 2+} prepared by simple solid state reaction route. The saturation magnetization at 300 K is 1.5 times 10{sup -2} emu/g and the coercivity was found to be 125 Oe. A strong ferromagnetic resonance signal confirms the long range magnetic order which persists to temperatures as high as 739 K. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) indicate that Cu is in a +2 state. Ab initio calculations also show that the ferromagnetic ordering is energetically favorable in Cu doped GaP. When the spin-orbit coupling is included we get an enhanced total magnetic moment of 0.31 muB with a local moment on Cu 0.082 and on P 0.204 mu{sub B}. per atom.

Owens, F. J.; Gupta, A.; Rao, K. V.; Iqbal, Z.; Osorio Guillen, J. M.; Ahuja, R.; Guo, J.-H.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The solution to the BCS gap equation and the second-order phase transition in superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence and the uniqueness of the solution to the BCS gap equation of superconductivity is established in previous papers, but the temperature dependence of the solution is not discussed. In this paper, in order to show how the solution varies with the temperature, we first give another proof of the existence and the uniqueness of the solution and point out that the unique solution belongs to a certain set. Here this set depends on the temperature $T$. We define another certain subset of a Banach space consisting of continuous functions of both $T$ and $x$. Here, $x$ stands for the kinetic energy of an electron minus the chemical potential. Let the solution be approximated by an element of the subset of the Banach space above. We second show, under this approximation, that the transition to a superconducting state is a second-order phase transition.

Shuji Watanabe

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ce-doped EuO: Magnetic properties and the indirect band gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have prepared and investigated thin films of EuO doped with the rare-earth element cerium. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy were used to determine the quality of these films prepared by pulsed laser deposition. Ce doping leads to an enhanced Curie temperature near 150 K, close to that seen for oxygen-deficient EuO{sub 1-x}. However, the magnetization of Ce-doped EuO exhibits differences from that observed for Gd-doped and oxygen-deficient samples. The high-resolution angular-resolved photoemission from Ce-doped EuO reveals filling of conduction-band states near the X point. This indicates that the band gap in EuO is indirect, and that at 2% doping Ce-doped EuO{sub 1-x} is at least semimetallic.

Liu Pan; Tang Jinke [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 (United States); Colon Santana, Juan A.; Belashchenko, Kirill D.; Dowben, Peter A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0299 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Identification and Analysis of Critical Gaps in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Codes Required by the SINEMA Program  

SciTech Connect

The current state of the art in nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) modeling is an eclectic mixture of codes with various levels of applicability, flexibility, and availability. In support of the advanced fuel cycle systems analyses, especially those by the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), Unviery of Cincinnati in collaboration with Idaho State University carried out a detailed review of the existing codes describing various aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle and identified the research and development needs required for a comprehensive model of the global nuclear energy infrastructure and the associated nuclear fuel cycles. Relevant information obtained on the NFC codes was compiled into a relational database that allows easy access to various codes' properties. Additionally, the research analyzed the gaps in the NFC computer codes with respect to their potential integration into programs that perform comprehensive NFC analysis.

Adrian Miron; Joshua Valentine; John Christenson; Majd Hawwari; Santosh Bhatt; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar: Michael Lineberry

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Pushing the Gradient Limitations of Superconducting Photonic Band Gap Structure Cells  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting photonic band gap resonators present us with unique means to place higher order mode couples in an accelerating cavity and efficiently extract HOMs. An SRF PBG resonator with round rods was successfully tested at LANL demonstrating operation at 15 MV/m. Gradient in the SRF PBG resonator was limited by magnetic quench. To increase the quench threshold in PBG resonators one must design the new geometry with lower surface magnetic fields and preserve the resonator's effectiveness for HOM suppression. The main objective of this research is to push the limits for the high-gradient operation of SRF PBG cavities. A NCRF PBG cavity technology is established. The proof-of-principle operation of SRF PBG cavities is demonstrated. SRF PBG resonators are effective for outcoupling HOMs. PBG technology can significantly reduce the size of SRF accelerators and increase brightness for future FELs.

Simakov, Evgenya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Haynes, William B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurennoy, Sergey S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shchegolkov, Dmitry [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O'Hara, James F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Olivas, Eric R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Analysis of Bypass Data for a Scaled 6mm Gap  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments will use optical techniques, primarily particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the INL Matched Index of Refraction (MIR) flow system.

J.R. Wolf; T.E. Conder; R.R. Schultz

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Vanishing N=20 Shell Gap: Study of Excited States in {sup 27,28}Ne  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter reports on the {sup 1}H({sup 28}Ne,{sup 28}Ne) and {sup 1}H({sup 28}Ne,{sup 27}Ne) reactions studied at intermediate energy using a liquid hydrogen target. From the cross section populating the first 2{sup +} excited state of {sup 28}Ne, and using the previously determined B(E2) value, the neutron quadrupole transition matrix element has been calculated to be M{sub n}=13.8{+-}3.7 fm{sup 2}. In the neutron knockout reaction, two low-lying excited states were populated in {sup 27}Ne. Only one of them can be interpreted by the sd shell model while the additional state may intrude from the fp shell. These experimental observations are consistent with the presence of fp shell configurations at low excitation energy in {sup 27,28}Ne nuclei caused by a vanishing N=20 shell gap at Z=10.

Dombradi, Zs.; Fueloep, Zs. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 51, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Elekes, Z. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 51, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Saito, A.; Baba, H.; Demichi, K.; Gomi, T.; Hasegawa, H.; Kanno, S.; Kawai, S.; Kurita, K.; Matsuyama, Y.; Sakai, H.K.; Takeshita, E.; Togano, Y.; Yamada, K. [Rikkyo University, 3 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171 (Japan); Aoi, N.; Ishihara, M.; Kishida, T.; Kubo, T. [Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] (and others)

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Catalyzed Water Oxidation by Solar Irradiation of Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductors (Part 2. Overview).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this report are: (1) Investigate the catalysis of water oxidation by cobalt and manganese hydrous oxides immobilized on titania or silica nanoparticles, and dinuclear metal complexes with quinonoid ligands in order to develop a better understanding of the critical water oxidation chemistry, and rationally search for improved catalysts. (2) Optimize the light-harvesting and charge-separation abilities of stable semiconductors including both a focused effort to improve the best existing materials by investigating their structural and electronic properties using a full suite of characterization tools, and a parallel effort to discover and characterize new materials. (3) Combine these elements to examine the function of oxidation catalysts on Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductor (BGNSC) surfaces and elucidate the core scientific challenges to the efficient coupling of the materials functions.

Fujita,E.; Khalifah, P.; Lymar, S.; Muckerman, J.T.; Rodriguez, J.

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

472

Catalyzed Water Oxidation by Solar Irradiation of Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductors (Part 1. Overview).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this report are: (1) Investigate the catalysis of water oxidation by cobalt and manganese hydrous oxides immobilized on titania or silica nanoparticles, and dinuclear metal complexes with quinonoid ligands in order to develop a better understanding of the critical water oxidation chemistry, and rationally search for improved catalysts. (2) Optimize the light-harvesting and charge-separation abilities of stable semiconductors including both a focused effort to improve the best existing materials by investigating their structural and electronic properties using a full suite of characterization tools, and a parallel effort to discover and characterize new materials. (3) Combine these elements to examine the function of oxidation catalysts on Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductor (BGNSC) surfaces and elucidate the core scientific challenges to the efficient coupling of the materials functions.

Fujita,E.; Khalifah, P.; Lymar, S.; Muckerman, J.T.; Rodgriguez, J.

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

473

Mass gap in quantum energy-mass spectrum of relativistic Yang-Mills fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-perturbative relativistic quantum Yang-Mills theory with a semisimple compact gauge Lie group on the four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime is set up in a Schroedinger representation with infinite-dimensional differential operators in the framework of sesqui-holomorphic nuclear Kree-Gelfand triples. The \\emph{linear} quantum Yang-Mills energy-mass operator $\\mathbf{H}$ is defined as the anti-normal quantization of the \\emph{non-linear} Yang-Mills energy-mass functional of Cauchy data supported by a ball $\\mathbb{B}(R)$ with the center at the origin of $\\mathbb{R}^3$ and the variable radius R>0. The general global solution of the non-linear Yang-Mills system of partial differential equations (with no restrictions at infinity) is reduced to the solution of the initial value problems in the temporal gauge with the Cauchy data supported by the balls $\\mathbb{B}(R)$. It is shown that $\\mathbf{H}$ dominates the number operator $\\mathbf{N}$. Since 0 is the spectral infimum of $\\mathbf{H}$ and, simultaneously, the simple fundamental eigenvalue of $N$, variational spectral principles imply that 0 is the simple fundamental eigenvalue of $N$ as well. Thus $\\mathbf{H}$ has a positive mass gap. The domination proof depends crucially on the magic of the Killing quadratic form that reveals a mass quadratic form in the Weyl symbol of $\\mathbf{H}$. With a dimensional transmutation of the coupling constant, the mass gap is proportional to 1/R and the running coupling constant is proportional to $\\sqrt{R}$. The inverse dependence demonstrates an asymptotic freedom for quantum Yang-Mills self-interaction at short distances. The mathematically rigorous theory is non-perturbative and provides a solution for the 7th Clay Institute Millennium problem.

Alexander Dynin

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

474

Bridging the gap: Designing DSM programs based on the difference between utility and consumer economic perspectives  

SciTech Connect

As utilities investigate ways to implement demand-side management (DSM) programs, the differences between customer and utility economic perspectives can play an important role in assessing the economic benefits of the programs. Because utilities directly bear the cost of new energy sources, energy-efficiency investments that are cost-effective to a utility may not be cost-effective to its customers who usually pay average energy prices and have different economic parameters. This paper discusses the relationship between life-cycle costs and the energy efficiency decisions of home buyers and utilities. It discusses the key factors in a life-cycle cost analysis and how they affect the optimum energy efficiency choice. In addition to discount rates, fuel prices, and fuel price escalation rates, risk adjustments influence the selection of an optimum efficiency level. This paper highlights differences between household and utility perspectives and the reasons why a gap often exists between the home owner`s and utility`s optimum efficiency choice. A case study of an innovative Pacific Northwest manufactured (mobile) home DSM program illustrates the role of consumer and utility perspectives. Prior research showed that regional utilities long-term perspective and economics justified higher energy-efficiency investments than most manufactured home buyers were making. This recent DSM program has addressed both market imperfections and basic economic differences between consumers and utilities by employing a conservation acquisition approach, which had led to a significant market transformation. This program has been very successful at closing the gap between the economic interests of the home buyer and utility.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.; Onisko, S.A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Gap Analysis of Material Properties Data for Ferritic/Martensitic HT-9 Steel  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), is supporting the development of an ASME Code Case for adoption of 12Cr-1Mo-VW ferritic/martensitic (F/M) steel, commonly known as HT-9, primarily for use in elevated temperature design of liquid-metal fast reactors (LMFR) and components. In 2011, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) nuclear engineering staff began assisting in the development of a small modular reactor (SMR) design concept, previously known as the Hyperion Module, now called the Gen4 Module. LANL staff immediately proposed HT-9 for the reactor vessel and components, as well as fuel clad and ducting, due to its superior thermal qualities. Although the ASME material Code Case, for adoption of HT-9 as an approved elevated temperature material for LMFR service, is the ultimate goal of this project, there are several key deliverables that must first be successfully accomplished. The most important key deliverable is the research, accumulation, and documentation of specific material parameters; physical, mechanical, and environmental, which becomes the basis for an ASME Code Case. Time-independent tensile and ductility data and time-dependent creep and creep-rupture behavior are some of the material properties required for a successful ASME Code case. Although this report provides a cursory review of the available data, a much more comprehensive study of open-source data would be necessary. This report serves three purposes: (a) provides a list of already existing material data information that could ultimately be made available to the ASME Code, (b) determines the HT-9 material properties data missing from available sources that would be required and (c) estimates the necessary material testing required to close the gap. Ultimately, the gap analysis demonstrates that certain material properties testing will be required to fulfill the necessary information package for an ASME Code Case.

Brown, Neil R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Serrano De Caro, Magdalena [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, Edward A. [Global Nuclear Network Analysis, LLC

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

476

Sodium fast reactor gaps analysis of computer codes and models for accident analysis and reactor safety.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of an expert-opinion elicitation activity designed to qualitatively assess the status and capabilities of currently available computer codes and models for accident analysis and reactor safety calculations of advanced sodium fast reactors, and identify important gaps. The twelve-member panel consisted of representatives from five U.S. National Laboratories (SNL, ANL, INL, ORNL, and BNL), the University of Wisconsin, the KAERI, the JAEA, and the CEA. The major portion of this elicitation activity occurred during a two-day meeting held on Aug. 10-11, 2010 at Argonne National Laboratory. There were two primary objectives of this work: (1) Identify computer codes currently available for SFR accident analysis and reactor safety calculations; and (2) Assess the status and capability of current US computer codes to adequately model the required accident scenarios and associated phenomena, and identify important gaps. During the review, panel members identified over 60 computer codes that are currently available in the international community to perform different aspects of SFR safety analysis for various event scenarios and accident categories. A brief description of each of these codes together with references (when available) is provided. An adaptation of the Predictive Capability Maturity Model (PCMM) for computational modeling and simulation is described for use in this work. The panel's assessment of the available US codes is presented in the form of nine tables, organized into groups of three for each of three risk categories considered: anticipated operational occurrences (AOOs), design basis accidents (DBA), and beyond design basis accidents (BDBA). A set of summary conclusions are drawn from the results obtained. At the highest level, the panel judged that current US code capabilities are adequate for licensing given reasonable margins, but expressed concern that US code development activities had stagnated and that the experienced user-base and the experimental validation base was decaying away quickly.

Carbajo, Juan (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Jeong, Hae-Yong (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea); Wigeland, Roald (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Corradini, Michael (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Schmidt, Rodney Cannon; Thomas, Justin (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL); Wei, Tom (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL); Sofu, Tanju (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL); Ludewig, Hans (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY); Tobita, Yoshiharu (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki-ken, Japan); Ohshima, Hiroyuki (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki-ken, Japan); Serre, Frederic (Centre d'%C3%94etudes nucl%C3%94eaires de Cadarache %3CU%2B2013%3E CEA, France)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Codes and Standards Gap Analysis Helps DOE Define Research Priorities (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 * November 2010 6 * November 2010 Fuel Vehicle Codes and Standards Gap Documents Impacted Gap Resolution HYDROGEN High pressure storage, handling, and use of hydrogen presents hazards specific to high- pressure systems that may not be completely addressed NFPA 2, NFPA 52, NFPA 55 CGA H series of documents, IFC Evaluated codes and standards that address high pressures to determine if requirements are adequate HYDROGEN Incomplete requirements for sensing technologies NFPA 2, NFPA 52, NFPA 55, IFC Support the use of sensing technologies that replace odorants through evaluating sensing technologies and supporting code and standards development work in sensing technologies HYDROGEN Off-road vehicle storage tank requirements are incomplete CSA HGV 2,

478

Dynamical mass generation by source inversion: calculating the mass gap of the chiral Gross-Neveu model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the U(N) chiral Gross-Neveu model with a source-term $J\\l{\\Psi}\\Psi$. We find an expression for the renormalization scheme and scale invariant source $\\hat{J}$, as a function of the generated mass gap. The expansion of this function is organized in such a way that all scheme and scale dependence is reduced to one single parameter $d$. We obtain a non-perturbative mass gap as the solution of $\\hat{J}=0$. A physical choice for $d$ gives good results for $N>2$. The self-consistent minimal sensitivity condition gives a slight improvement.

K. Van Acoleyen; J. A. Gracey; H. Verschelde

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

479

Direct measurement of the spin gaps in a gated GaAs two-dimensional electron gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For the low-field regime where ?s destroyed by the disorder, and there is no spin-splitting for the magnetic field less than Bc. As shown in Figure 7, the spin gap measured by the conventional activation energy studies... linearly to zero at a critical magnetic field Bc ~ 3.47 T. The spin gap is expected to have the form ?s = g0?BB + Eex = g * ?BB [12], where Eex is the many-body exchange energy which lifts the g-factor from its bare value (0.44 in GaAs) to its enhanced...

Huang, Tsai-Yu; Liang, Chi-Te; Chen, Yang Fang; Simmons, Michelle Y; Kim, Gil-Ho; Ritchie, David A

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

480

VUV absorption spectroscopy measurements of the role of fast neutral atoms in high-power gap breakdown  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The maximum power achieved in a wide variety of high-power devices, including electron and ion diodes, z pinches, and microwave generators, is presently limited by anode-cathode gap breakdown. A frequently-discussed hypothesis for this effect is ionization of fast neutral atoms injected throughout the anode-cathode gap during the power pulse. The authors describe a newly-developed diagnostic tool that provides the first direct test of this hypothesis. Time-resolved vacuum-ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy is used to directly probe fast neutral atoms with 1 mm spatial resolution in the 10 mm anode-cathode gap of the SABRE 5 MV, 1 TW applied-B ion diode. Absorption spectra collected during Ar RF glow discharges and with CO{sub 2} gas fills confirm the reliability of the diagnostic technique. Throughout the 50--100 ns ion diode pulses no measurable neutral absorption is seen, setting upper limits of 0.12--1.5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup {minus}3} for ground state fast neutral atom densities of H, C, N, O, F. The absence of molecular absorption bands also sets upper limits of 0.16--1.2 x 10{sup 15} cm{sup {minus}3} for common simple molecules. These limits are low enough to rule out ionization throughout the gap as a breakdown mechanism. This technique can now be applied to quantify the role of neutral atoms in other high-power devices.

FILUK,A.B.; BAILEY,JAMES E.; CUNEO,MICHAEL E.; LAKE,PATRICK WAYNE; NASH,THOMAS J.; NOACK,DONALD D.; MARON,Y.

2000-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Calculation of free-energy differences and potentials of mean force by a multi-energy gap method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calculation of free-energy differences and potentials of mean force by a multi-energy gap method the convergence of free-energy calculations. It introduces a bias factor in Monte Carlo simulations or.e., the difference in energy function between two states, and is therefore specifically designed for calculating free-energy

Weston, Ken

482

Far-infrared gaps in single-wall carbon nanotubes A. Ugawa, A. G. Rinzler, and D. B. Tanner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the fraction of the tubes that have metallic or small band gap character. Second, we perform an effective of metallic tubes with m , 1 f is the volume fraction of semiconducting tubes with s , and g The infrared properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes have been measured over 15­5000 cm 1 . The sample

Tanner, David B.

483

Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. This unique slanted permanent magnet synchronous motor FEA finite element analysis PM permanent magnet II. INTRODUCTION

Tolbert, Leon M.

484

Study of Various Slanted Air-Gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

This paper shows how to maximize the effect of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field excitation (BFE) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. The BFE structure offers high torque density at low speed and weakened flux at high speed. The unique slanted air-gap is intended to increase the output torque of the machine as well as to maximize the ratio of the back-emf of a machine that is controllable by BFE. This irregularly shaped air-gap makes a flux barrier along the d-axis flux path and decreases the d-axis inductance; as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine is much higher than a uniform air-gap machine, and so is the output torque. Also, the machine achieves a higher ratio of the magnitude of controllable back-emf. The determination of the slanted shape was performed by using magnetic equivalent circuit analysis and finite element analysis (FEA).

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Technology gap analysis on sodium-cooled reactor fuel handling system supporting advanced burner reactor development.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) are to expand the use of nuclear energy to meet increasing global energy demand in an environmentally sustainable manner, to address nuclear waste management issues without making separated plutonium, and to address nonproliferation concerns. The advanced burner reactor (