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1

Windows Enterprise Design Master Directory Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows Enterprise Design Master Directory Sources September 29, 2003 Active Directory information for Windows users contains several pieces of information to identify the person associated with a Windows in Windows Active Directory. It is important the information correctly reflects your current name

Simpkins, William W.

2

Remote measurement of ground source emissivity  

SciTech Connect

The remote measurement of the emissivity of ground materials is of tremendous value in their identification and mapping. Traditional techniques use reflected solar radiation for this measurement for wavelengths shorter than 5 {mu}m. With the development of new techniques, the 10 Jim atmospheric transmission window might also be used for this purpose. Previous work using the multi-angle data acquisition technique demonstrated its utility to determine source thermal emission. Here we find the multi-angle technique can be used to determine the source specular reflectivity to {approximately}0.05 if there is very good system performance (NETD {approx} 0.01 K).

Henderson, J.R.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Extraction and integration of window in a 3d building model from ground view images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Details of the building facades are needed for high quality fly-through visualization or simulation applications. Windows form a key structure in the detailed facade reconstruction. In this paper, given calibrated facade texture (i.e. the rectified texture), we extract and reconstruct the 3D window structure of the building. We automatically extract windows (rectangles in the rectified image) using a profile projection method, which exploits the regularity of the vertical and horizontal window placement. We classify the extracted windows using 2D dimensions and image texture information. The depth of the extracted windows is automatically computed using window classification information and image line features. A single ground view image is enough to compute 3D depths of the facade windows in our approach. 1

Sung Chun Lee; Ram Nevatia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. window. (definition). ... 17 December 2004. (accessed TODAY) Available from: http://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/window.html. to NIST home page.

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

5

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) use the earth's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Fact Sheet Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) use the earth's constant. Waste heat can be used to heat hot water. System Types There are two types of ground source heat pumps, closed loop and open loop systems. Closed loop heat pumps use the earth as the heat source and heat sink

Paulsson, Johan

6

Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window A window thermal analysis computer program that is the de facto standard used by U.S. manufacturers to characterize product performance. The program has been selected by the...

7

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps (Redirected from Geothermal Heat Pumps) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

8

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

9

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps A detailled description of the...

10

Design and Application of CVD Diamond Windows for X-Rays at the Advanced Photon Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two types of directly cooled, 0.2-mm-thick, 8-mm-diameter clear aperture CVD diamond windows have been designed and successfully fabricated by two different vendors for use at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Both windows contain a direct braze joint between the diamond and the cooled OFHC copper. These windows can be used to replace the front-end beryllium windows in high-heat-load applications and can be used as white beam windows in the beamlines. This paper presents the detailed design of the diamond windows, the thermal analysis of the diamond window under different thermal load configurations, as well as a complete list of the existing APS front-end beryllium window configurations and replacement scenarios. Small-angle scattering experiments have been conducted on both diamond windows and a polished beryllium window, and the results are presented.

Jaski, Yifei [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Bldg 401, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Cookson, David [University of Chicago, CARS, APS Sector 15, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Bldg. 434D, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

11

Design and application of CVD diamond windows for x-rays at the Advanced Photon Source.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two types of directly cooled, 0.2-mm-thick, 8-mm-diameter clear aperture CVD diamond windows have been designed and successfully fabricated by two different vendors for use at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Both windows contain a direct braze joint between the diamond and the cooled OFHC copper. These windows can be used to replace the front-end beryllium windows in high-heat-load applications and can be used as white beam windows in the beamlines. This paper presents the detailed design of the diamond windows, the thermal analysis of the diamond window under different thermal load configurations, as well as a complete list of the existing APS front-end beryllium window configurations and replacement scenarios. Small-angle scattering experiments have been conducted on both diamond windows and a polished beryllium window, and the results are presented.

Jaski, Y.; Cookson, D.; Experimental Facilities Division (APS); Univ. of Chicago

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

13

New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Ground Source Heat Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps October 8, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for commercial ground source heat pumps within the Federal sector. Benefits Commercial ground source heat pumps are ground source heat pump with loops that feed multiple packaged heat pumps and a single ground source water loop. Unit capacity is typically 1-10 tons and may be utilized in an array of multiple units to serve a large load. Application Condensing boilers are appropriate for housing, service, office, and research and development applications. Key Factors for Deployment FEMP has made great progress with commercial ground source heat pump technology deployment within the Federal sector. Primary barriers deal with

14

Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Source Heap Pump Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities

15

Definition: Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pumps Pumps Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Source Heat Pumps A Ground Source Heat Pump is a central building heating and/or cooling system that takes advantage of the relatively constant year-round ground temperature to pump heat to or from the ground.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A geothermal heat pump or ground source heat pump (GSHP) is a central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat to or from the ground. It uses the earth as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer). This design takes advantage of the moderate temperatures in the ground to boost efficiency and reduce the operational costs of heating and cooling systems, and may be combined with solar heating to form a geosolar system with even greater efficiency. Ground source heat pumps

16

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of ground source heat pump system in a near-zerosimulation tool for ground- source heat pump system designflow systems and ground source heat pump systems Abstract

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Combined permeable pavement and ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The PhD thesis focuses on the performance assessment of permeable pavement systems incorporating ground source heat pumps (GSHP). The relatively high variability of temperature in… (more)

Grabowiecki, Piotr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION RESEARCH OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays energy efficiency and environmental protection have got particular attention. After the sustainable development theory had been put forward decades ago. Ground source heat pump… (more)

Zhou, Taian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Design of an Aluminum Proton Beam Window for the Spallation Neutron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An aluminum proton beam window design is being considered at the Spallation Neutron Source primarily to increase the lifetime of the window, with secondary advantages of higher beam transport efficiency and lower activation. The window separates the core vessel, the location of the mercury target, from the vacuum of the accelerator, while withstanding the pass through of a proton beam of up to 2 MW with 1.0 GeV proton energy. The current aluminum alloy being investigated for the window material is 6061-T651 due to its combination of high strength, high thermal conductivity, and good resistance to aqueous corrosion, as well as demonstrated dependability in previous high-radiation environments. The window design will feature a thin plate with closely spaced cross drilled cooling holes. An analytical approach was used to optimize the dimensions of the window before finite element analysis was used to simulate temperature profiles and stress fields resulting from thermal and static pressure loading. The resulting maximum temperature of 60 C and Von Mises stress of 71 MPa are very low compared to allowables for Al 6061-T651. A significant challenge in designing an aluminum proton beam window for SNS is integrating the window with the current 316L SS shield blocks. Explosion bonding was chosen as a joining technique because of the large bonding area required. A test program has commenced to prove explosion bonding can produce a robust vacuum joint. Pending successful explosion bond testing, the aluminum proton beam window design will be proven acceptable for service in the Spallation Neutron Source.

Janney, Jim G [ORNL; McClintock, David A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Ground-source heat pumps can provide an energy-efficient, cost-effective way to heat and cool commercial facilities. While ground-source heat pumps are well established in the residential sector, their application in larger, commercial-style, facilities is lagging, in part because of a lack of experience with the technology by those in decision-making positions. Through the use of a ground-coupling system, a conventional water-source heat pump design is transformed to a unique means of utilizing thermodynamic properties of earth and groundwater for efficient operation throughout the year in most climates. In essence, the ground (or groundwater) serves as a heat source during winter operation and a heat sink for summer cooling. Many varieties in design are available, so the technology can be adapted to almost any site. Ground-source heat pump systems can be used widely in commercial-building applications and, with proper installation, offer great potential for the commercial sector, where increased efficiency and reduced heating and cooling costs are important. Ground-source heat pump systems require less refrigerant than conventional air-source heat pumps or air-conditioning systems, with the exception of direct-expansion-type ground-source heat pump systems. This chapter provides information and procedures that an energy manager can use to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. Ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits are explained. Guidelines are provided for appropriate application and installation. Two case studies are presented to give the reader a sense of the actual costs and energy savings. A list of manufacturers and references for further reading are included for prospective users who have specific or highly technical questions not fully addressed in this chapter. Sample case spreadsheets are provided in Appendix A. Additional appendixes provide other information on the ground-source heat pump technology.

Parker, Steven A.; Hadley, Donald L.

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ground-source Heat Pumps Applied to Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Ground-source heat pumps can provide an energy-efficient, cost-effective way to heat and cool commercial facilities. While ground-source heat pumps are well established in the residential sector, their application in larger, commercial-style, facilities is lagging, in part because of a lack of experience with the technology by those in decision-making positions. Through the use of a ground-coupling system, a conventional water-source heat pump design is transformed to a unique means of utilizing thermodynamic properties of earth and groundwater for efficient operation throughout the year in most climates. In essence, the ground (or groundwater) serves as a heat source during winter operation and a heat sink for summer cooling. Many varieties in design are available, so the technology can be adapted to almost any site. Ground-source heat pump systems can be used widely in commercial-building applications and, with proper installation, offer great potential for the commercial sector, where increased efficiency and reduced heating and cooling costs are important. Ground-source heat pump systems require less refrigerant than conventional air-source heat pumps or air-conditioning systems, with the exception of direct-expansion-type ground-source heat pump systems. This chapter provides information and procedures that an energy manager can use to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. Ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits are explained. Guidelines are provided for appropriate application and installation. Two case studies are presented to give the reader a sense of the actual costs and energy savings. A list of manufacturers and references for further reading are included for prospective users who have specific or highly technical questions not fully addressed in this chapter. Sample case spreadsheets are provided in Appendix A. Additional appendixes provide other information on the ground-source heat pump technology.

Parker, Steven A.; Hadley, Donald L.

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

22

Super Energy Saver Ground Source Heat Pump  

Source: US Energy Information Administration . 11 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy ... GSHPs are very energy efficient, and the market is

23

Review of window and filter requirements for commissioning of the Advanced Photon Source insertion device beamlines  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is building 16 insertion device (ID) front ends for the first phase of the project. Eleven of these are to be equipped with the APS Undulator A and the other five with a Wiggler-A-type source. The Undulator A front ends are designed to operate in a ``windowless`` mode using an APS-designed differential pump. However, during beamline commissioning and early operations of the storage ring, it is prudent to install windows to ensure storage ring vacuum safety before easing into windowless operation. However, the window designed for this interim period may not meet all the needs of a user`s scientific program. In the early phases of the project through commissioning and start of operations, such a window will permit the user to prepare for his program, while allowing both the user and the facility operators to gain experience for safe phasing into eventual windowless operations. In this report, we will present analysis and design options for a variety of windows particularly suited to either the APS Undulator A front ends or as user windows located in the first optics enclosure (FOE).

Kuzay, T.M.; Wang, Zhibi

1994-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

25

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

26

Ground-Source Heat Pumps for Domestic and Commercial Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps for Domestic and Commercial Applications in Europe Speaker(s): Gran Hellstrm Date: May 2, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

27

Optimal Design for a Hybrid Ground-Source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although the advantages of ground-source heat pumps over their conventional alternatives make these systems a very attractive choice for air conditioning, not only for residential buildings but increasingly also for institutional and commercial buildings, a significant barrier to wider application of this technology is a high first cost. When used in cooling-dominated buildings, ground-source heat pumps that utilize vertical, closed-loop ground heat exchangers can experience performance degradation as the entering fluid temperature to the heat pump increases over time due to heat buildup in the borefield. In these cases, it is possible to displace a large portion of the system cost by installing a supplemental heat rejecter to balance the annual heat extraction from the ground. The paper presented has shown that the heat rejection of the GLHEs and the system energy consumption are approached to discuss the ground heat balance with different design procedures and control strategies though the system simulation.

Yu, Z.; Yuan, X.; Wang, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

International Conference on Ground Control in Mining SDPS for Windows: An Integrated Approach to Ground Deformation Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and monitoring of coal mining operations. As a result, the development of rigorous and well-accepted ground of support, extracted height, rate of advance, etc. · Site Factors: Refer to the geotechnical conditions of detailed subsidence monitoring for an unrelated study. Data from these sites was chosen for SDPS

29

Random Analysis on Line-Heat Source Temperature Field of Ground Source Heat Pumps Buried Pipes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the random properties of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) system.GSHP buried pipe to Kelvin one-dimensional line source of heat transfer model are discussed. The model randomness is analyzed, and the GSHP buried pipe to random excess temperature ... Keywords: GSHP, Buriedpipe, Line-heat source, Temperature field, Correlation

Changsheng Guan; Zhuodong Liu; Kai Xia; Xuyi Chen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

High power testing of the 402.5 MHZ and 805 MHZ RF windows for the spallation neutron source accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Hisorically, Radio Frequency (RF) windows have been a common point of failure in input power couplers; therefore, reliable RF windows are critical to the success of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project. The normal conducting part of the SNS accelerator requires six RF windows at 402.5 MHz and eight RF windows at 805 MHz[l]. Each RF window will transmit up to 180 kW of average power and 2.5 MW peak power at 60 Hz with 1.2 millisecond pulses. The RF windows, designed and manufactured by Thales, were tested at the full average power for 4 hours to ensure no problems with the high average power and then tested to an effective forward power level of 10 MW by testing at 2.5 MW forward power into a short and varying the phase of the standing wave. The sliding short was moved from 0 to 180 degrees to ensure no arcing or breakdown problems occur in any part of the window. This paper discusses the results of the high power testing of both the 402.5 MHz and the 805 MHz RF windows. Problems encountered during testing and the solutions for these problems are discussed.

Cummings, K. A. (Karen Ann); De Baca, J. M. (John M.); Harrison, J. S. (John S.); Rodriguez, M. B. (Manuelita B.); Torrez, P. A. (Phillip A.); Warner, D. K. (David K.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Study of Operating Control Strategies for Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System with Supplemental Cooling Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground source heat pump for cooling-dominated commercial buildings may utilize supplemental cooling towers to reduce system first cost and to improve system performance. The use of hybrid ground source heat pump (HGSP) can reduce the size of the ground-loop ... Keywords: hybrid ground source heat pump, supplement heat rejection, control strategies, operating performance

Wang Jinggang; Gao Xiaoxia; Yin Zhenjiang; Li Fang

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Thermal and structural behavior of filters and windows for synchrotron x-ray sources  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the following discussions: Introduction: Use of filters and windows in the front end designs; An interactive code for 3D graphic viewing of absorbed power in filters/windows and a new heat load generation algorithm for the finite element analysis; Failure criteria and analysis methods for the filter and window assembly; Comparison with test data and existing devices in HASYLAB; Cooling the filter: Radiation cooling or conduction cooling?; Consideration of window and filter thickness: Thicker or thinner?; Material selection criteria for filters/windows; Photon transmission through filters/windows; Window and filter design for APS undulators; Window and filter design for APS wigglers; and Window design for APS bending magnet front ends.

Wang, Z.; Hahn, U.; Dejus, R.; Kuzay, T.

1993-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ground-source heat pump case studies and utility programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ground-source heat pump systems are one of the promising new energy technologies that has shown rapid increase in usage over the past ten years in the United States. These systems offer substantial benefits to consumers and utilities in energy (kWh) and demand (kW) savings. The purpose of this study was to determine what existing monitored data was available mainly from electric utilities on heat pump performance, energy savings and demand reduction for residential, school and commercial building applications. In order to verify the performance, information was collected for 253 case studies from mainly utilities throughout the United States. The case studies were compiled into a database. The database was organized into general information, system information, ground system information, system performance, and additional information. Information was developed on the status of demand-side management of ground-source heat pump programs for about 60 electric utility and rural electric cooperatives on marketing, incentive programs, barriers to market penetration, number units installed in service area, and benefits.

Lienau, P.J.; Boyd, T.L.; Rogers, R.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects to someone by E-mail Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on AddThis.com...

35

Multi-angle technique for measurement of ground source emission  

SciTech Connect

TAISIR, the Temperature and Imaging System Infrared, is a nominally satellite based platform for remote sensing of the earth. One of its design features is to acquire atmospheric data simultaneous with ground data, resulting in minimal dependence on external atmospheric models for data correction. One technique we employ to acquire atmospheric data is a true multi-angle data acquisition technique. Previous techniques have used only two angles. Here we demonstrate the advantage of using a large number of viewing angles to overconstrain the inversion problem for critical atmospheric and source parameters. For reasonable data acquisition scenarios, simulations show source temperature errors of less than 1K should be possible. Tradeoffs between flight geometry, number of look angles,, and system signal-to-noise are given for typical parameter ranges.

Henderson, J.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Dispersion modeling of ground-level area sources of particulate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of dispersion modeling by State Air Pollution hics. Regulatory Agencies (SAPRAS) is increasing. Dispersion modeling provides a quick and efficient means of determining the downwind impact of pollutant release from a source. The SAPRAS are charged with the task of insuring that public exposure levels of these pollutants are less than the standards set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Estimating the concentration of pollutant at some distance downwind, in most cases the property line, allows that SAPRAS to determine whether or not a source needs to install additional means of control in order to decrease the rate of pollutant release. One set of models approved for regulatory use by the US EPA is Industrial Source Complex (ISC). ISC includes SCREEN: which is a simple screening model with imbedded meteorological data, and ST3 which is a more refined model requiring meteorological data to be provided. ISC models are based on the concept of Gaussian dispersion. The concentration determined using the ISC models are a result of determining concentrations based on a single wind speed and direction for a one hour time period. The first step in the formulation of a new model was to incorporate smaller time periods into the concentration predictions, in order to account for variation or wind speed and direction within an hour period. For ground-level sources, the vertical distribution involves mathematically dispersing the pollutant underground, then reflecting it back up. The next step taken in the new model development was the incorporation of a triangular distribution in the Medical plane. The triangular distribution is entirely above ground. Once the new model was formulated, a sample modeling procedure was performed in order to compare the behavior of the new model as compared to ISC ST3. Examination of the characteristics of the two models, the meteorological data, and the output from the modeling procedures allows the comparison and contrast of the behavioral characteristics of the two models.

Fritz, Bradley Keith

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Modeling and Experimental Research on Ground-Source Heat Pump in Operation by Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground source Heat Pump(GSHP) is becoming the more and more focus of the world¡¯s attention as a HVAC technique of energy saving and environment protection. This paper first introduced the experiment for Ground-Source water/water Heat Pump. The heat ... Keywords: Ground-Source Heat Pump(GSHP), Neural Network(NN) Predication modeling

Jianping Chen; Zhiwei Lian; Lizheng Tan; Weifeng Zhu; Weiqiang Zhang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Advanced modeling of vertical ground source heat pumps using finite element techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing energy demand and environmental pollution in United States has been led toward using renewable energy sources over recent decades. Ground-source heat pump systems are… (more)

Komari Zadeh, Seyed Omid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Development of a Residential Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A residential-size ground-source integrated heat pump (GSIHP) system has been developed and is currently being field tested. The system is a nominal 2-ton (7 kW) cooling capacity, variable-speed unit, which is multi-functional, e.g. space cooling, space heating, dedicated water heating, and simultaneous space cooling and water heating. High-efficiency brushless permanent-magnet (BPM) motors are used for the compressor, indoor blower, and pumps to obtain the highest component performance and system control flexibility. Laboratory test data were used to calibrate a vapor-compression simulation model (HPDM) for each of the four primary modes of operation. The model was used to optimize the internal control options and to simulate the selected internal control strategies, such as controlling to a constant air supply temperature in the space heating mode and a fixed water temperature rise in water heating modes. Equipment performance maps were generated for each operation mode as functions of all independent variables for use in TRNSYS annual energy simulations. These were performed for the GSIHP installed in a well-insulated 2600 ft2(242 m2) house and connected to a vertical ground loop heat exchanger(GLHE). We selected a 13 SEER (3.8 CSPF )/7.7 HSPF (2.3 HSPF, W/W) ASHP unit with 0.90 Energy Factor (EF) resistance water heater as the baseline for energy savings comparisons. The annual energy simulations were conducted over five US climate zones. In addition, appropriate ground loop sizes were determined for each location to meet 10-year minimum and maximum design entering water temperatures (EWTs) to the equipment. The prototype GSIHP system was predicted to use 52 to 59% less energy than the baseline system while meeting total annual space conditioning and water heating loads.

Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Hern, Shawn [ClimateMaster, Inc.; McDowell, Tim [Thermal Energy System Specialists, LLC; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Performance analysis of a two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump and a horizontal loop coupled ground source heat pump system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thermal performance of a new two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump (ASHP) and a horizontal ground loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) was… (more)

Safa, Amir Alizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Window Menu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2007. Window Menu. The window menu has been updated: Documentation ... the item. Older Documentation for Window Menu.

42

Trends in "Green" Design - making ground source heat pumps the system of choice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pump systems have been around for nearly 50 years. The efficiencies that can be achieved today are difficult to match with any… (more)

Hasler, Fred L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Implementation and validation of a Ground Source Heat Pump model in MATLAB.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of the project is the implementation of a simple Ground-Source Heat Pump (GSHP) system model in MATLAB. The program is able to run… (more)

Casetta, Damien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Dynamic modeling and control of hybrid ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems are one of the fastest growing applications of renewable energy in the world with annual increases of 10% over… (more)

Chen, Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Viability Of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System With Solar Thermal Collectors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a study for examining the viability of hybrid ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems that use solar thermal collectors as the supplemental… (more)

Rad, Farzin M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Solar Colletors Combined with Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Dwellings - Analyses of System Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of ground-source heat pumps for heating buildings and domestic hot water in dwellings is increasing rapidly in Sweden. The heat pump extracts heat… (more)

Kjellsson, Elisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison of VAV and VRF air conditioning systems in anThe variable refrigerant flow (VRF) and ground source heatthe energy efficiency of VRF systems compared with GSHP

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ground Source Integrated Heat Pump (GS-IHP) Development  

SciTech Connect

Between October 2008 and May 2013 ORNL and ClimateMaster, Inc. (CM) engaged in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a groundsource integrated heat pump (GS-IHP) system for the US residential market. A initial prototype was designed and fabricated, lab-tested, and modeled in TRNSYS (SOLAR Energy Laboratory, et al, 2010) to predict annual performance relative to 1) a baseline suite of equipment meeting minimum efficiency standards in effect in 2006 (combination of air-source heat pump (ASHP) and resistance water heater) and 2) a state-of-the-art (SOA) two-capacity ground-source heat pump with desuperheater water heater (WH) option (GSHPwDS). Predicted total annual energy savings, while providing space conditioning and water heating for a 2600 ft{sup 2} (242 m{sup 2}) house at 5 U.S. locations, ranged from 52 to 59%, averaging 55%, relative to the minimum efficiency suite. Predicted energy use for water heating was reduced 68 to 78% relative to resistance WH. Predicted total annual savings for the GSHPwDS relative to the same baseline averaged 22.6% with water heating energy use reduced by 10 to 30% from desuperheater contributions. The 1st generation (or alpha) prototype design for the GS-IHP was finalized in 2010 and field test samples were fabricated for testing by CM and by ORNL. Two of the alpha units were installed in 3700 ft{sup 2} (345 m{sup 2}) houses at the ZEBRAlliance site in Oak Ridge and field tested during 2011. Based on the steady-state performance demonstrated by the GS-IHPs it was projected that it would achieve >52% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite at this specific site. A number of operational issues with the alpha units were identified indicating design changes needed to the system before market introduction could be accomplished. These were communicated to CM throughout the field test period. Based on the alpha unit test results and the diagnostic information coming from the field test experience, CM developed a 2nd generation (or beta) prototype in 2012. Field test verification units were fabricated and installed at the ZEBRAlliance site in Oak Ridge in May 2012 and at several sites near CM headquarters in Oklahoma. Field testing of the units continued through February 2013. Annual performance analyses of the beta unit (prototype 2) with vertical well ground heat exchangers (GHX) in 5 U.S. locations predict annual energy savings of 57% to 61%, averaging 59% relative to the minimum efficiency suite and 38% to 56%, averaging 46% relative to the SOA GSHPwDS. Based on the steady-state performance demonstrated by the test units it was projected that the 2nd generation units would achieve ~58% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite at the Zebra Alliance site with horizontal GHX. A new product based on the beta unit design was announced by CM in 2012 – the Trilogy 40® Q-mode™ (http://cmdealernet.com/trilogy_40.html). The unit was formally introduced in a March 2012 press release (see Appendix A) and was available for order beginning in December 2012.

Baxter, V. D. [ORNL; Rice, K. [ORNL; Murphy, R. [ORNL; Munk, J. [ORNL; Ally, Moonis [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL; Craddick, William [ORNL; Hearn, Shawn A. [ClimateMaster, Inc.

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

49

ANN and ANFIS models for performance evaluation of a vertical ground source heat pump system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to demonstrate the comparison of an artificial neural network (ANN) and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for the prediction performance of a vertical ground source heat pump (VGSHP) system. The VGSHP system using ... Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, Coefficient of performance, Ground source heat pump, Membership functions, Vertical heat exchanger

Hikmet Esen; Mustafa Inalli

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Study on Hybrid Solar Energy and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aim at the weakness of more influenced by the environment etc. factor and the heat flow density lower when the solar energy was make use of heating, so the design method of the hybrid solar energy and ground-source heat pump is proposed, and the operating ... Keywords: solar energy, ground-source, heat pump, coefficient of performance

Liu Yi; Li Bing-xi; Zhou Yi; Fu Zhong-bin; Xu Xin-hai

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Discussion of an Optimization Scheme for the Ground Source Heat Pump System of HVAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the implementation of the global sustainable development strategy, people pay more attention to renewable energy resources such as ground source heat pumps. The technology of ground source heat pump is widely applied to heat and cold. It is critical and important to know how to choose the terminal and make it workable. This paper makes a technical and economic comparison of various heating terminals (with the example of a north residential district which adopts ground source heat pump as the cold and heat source) and gets the optimum scheme.

Mu, W.; Wang, S.; Pan, S.; Shi, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Monitor window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from the three Info buttons. Text can be typed into the window. The window can be saved to a file (as can all the other text windows). ...

53

CANBUS , ++ WINDOWS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; : .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., ... . . . 630090 , . . CANBUS , ++ WINDOWS. , CANBUS CAMAC intelligent controllers with CANBUS interface and on software written on C++ in WINDOWS media. Solutions Interface), IXXAT Windows. VCI , , CAN-, .. Windows c #12; VCI

Kozak, Victor R.

54

Reflred - Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data. There are a number of different windows in the system. The choose window lets you select directory and dataset. ...

55

Federal Technology Alert: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities--Second Edition  

SciTech Connect

This Federal Technology Alert, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs, provides the detailed information and procedures that a Federal energy manager needs to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. This report updates an earlier report on ground-source heat pumps that was published in September 1995. In the current report, general benefits of this technology to the Federal sector are described, as are ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits. In addition, information on current manufacturers, technology users, and references for further reading are provided.

Hadley, Donald L.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Numerical simulation of multilayer grounding grids in a user-friendly open-source CAD interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of multilayer grounding grids in a user-friendly open-source CAD interface Jos application for the in-house computer aided design and analysis of grounding grids. The actual version the equivalent resistance and the step and touch voltage in most large electrical overground substations

Colominas, Ignasi

57

Utilization of near-source video and ground motion in the assessment of seismic source functions from mining explosions  

SciTech Connect

Constraint of the operative physical processes in the source region of mining explosions and the linkage to the generation of seismic waveforms provides the opportunity for controlling ground motion. Development of these physical models can also be used in conjunction with the ground motion data as diagnostics of blasting efficiency. In order to properly address the multi-dimensional aspect of data sets designed to constrain these sources, we are investigating a number of modem visualization tools that have only recently become available with new, high-speed graphical computers that can utilize relatively large data sets. The data sets that are combined in the study of mining explosion sources include near-source ground motion acceleration and velocity records, velocity of detonation measurements in each explosive hole, high speed film, video and shot design information.

Stump, B.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Anderson, D.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps October 7, 2013 - 10:32am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs), which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases

59

Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into ground source heat pump (GSHP) data mining. This project seeks to build public awareness of GSHP technology through the development of case studies outlining costs and benefits. Project Description This project seeks to produce in-depth case studies on the costs and benefits of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -funded GSHP demonstration projects, including cross-cutting summaries of lessons learned and best practices for design, installation, and operation. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Project Goals

60

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps October 7, 2013 - 10:32am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs), which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Heat transfer analysis of thermosiphons and U-tube ground source heat pumps.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source thermal energy transport systems have the potential to improve theefficiency of space heating.Two such systems, a thermosiphon and a vertical U-tube system, were… (more)

Nakaoka, Joshua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Ground source heat storage and thermo-physical response of soft clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground source heat storage can condition buildings with reduced consumption of fossil fuels, an important issue in modem building design. However, seasonal heat storage can cause soil temperature fluctuations and possibly ...

Saxe, Shoshanna Dawn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

ORNL/TM-2008/232 Geothermal (Ground-Source) Heat Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pump water heater and ClimateMaster TrilogyTM 40 Q-ModeTM geothermal (ground- source) integrated heat buildings on the flexible research platforms. · The greatest barrier preventing wider use of geothermal

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

64

Efficient energy supply from ground coupled heat transfer source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demands of Energy for industrial production and urban facilities, asks for new strategies for Energy sources. In recent years an important problem is to have some energy storage, energy production and energy consumption which fulfill some ... Keywords: heat, thermal aquifer, thermal energy

Maurizio Carlini; Sonia Castellucci

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Supplemental heat rejection in ground source heat pumps for residential houses in Texas and other semi-arid regions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pumps (GSHP) are efficient alternatives to air source heat pumps to provide heating and cooling for conditioned buildings. GSHPs are widely deployed… (more)

Balasubramanian, Siddharth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Advanced Windows Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exterior of Advanced Windows Test Facility Exterior of Advanced Windows Test Facility Advanced Windows Test Facility This multi-room laboratory's purpose is to test the performance and properties of advanced windows and window systems such as electrochromic windows, and automatically controlled shutters and blinds. The lab simulates real-world office spaces. Embedded instrumentation throughout the lab records solar gains and losses for specified time periods, weather conditions, energy use, and human comfort indicators. Electrochromic glazings promise to be a major advance in energy-efficient window technology, helping to achieve the goal of transforming windows and skylights from an energy liability in buildings to an energy source. The glazing can be reversibly switched from a clear to a transparent, colored

67

Simulation of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump Systems and Experimental Validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid ground source heat pump systems incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and auxiliary heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, fluid coolers, cooling ponds, or pavement heating systems. The design of the hybrid ground source heat pump system involves many degrees of freedom; e.g. the size of the cooling tower interacts with the control strategy, the ground loop heat exchanger design, and other parameters. This paper presents a simulation of such a system using a direct contact evaporative cooling tower as the supplemental heat rejecter. The simulation is performed in a component-based modeling environment using component models of a vertical ground loop heat exchanger, plate frame heat exchanger, cooling tower, circulating pumps, and heat pumps. Seven months (March to September 2005) of five-minutely experimental data from a hybrid ground source heat pump system were used for validation purposes. The source side of the system consists of two packaged water-to-water heat pumps, a three-borehole ground loop heat exchanger, and a direct contact evaporative cooling tower, isolated by a plate frame heat exchanger. The load side serves two small buildings with hydronic heating and cooling. Experimental validations of each component simulation and the entire system simulation are presented.

Jason E. Gentry; Jeffrey D. Spitler; Daniel E. Fisher; Xiaowei Xu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A capital cost comparison of commercial ground-source heat pump systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the report is to compare capital costs associated with the three designs of ground source heat pumps. Specifically, the costs considered are those associated with the heat source/heat sink or ground source portion of the system. In order to standardize the heat rejection over the three designs, it was assumed that the heat pump loop would operate at a temperature range of 85{degree} (to the heat pumps) to 95{degree} (from the heat pumps) under peak conditions. The assumption of constant loop temperature conditions for all three permits an apples-to-apples comparison of the alternatives.

Rafferty, K.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Reflred - Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Tcl console window lets you interact directly with Tcl/Tk. The help window lets you browse the help text. 2002-09-13. Browse Index

70

Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System Simulation Using Visual Modeling Tool For Hvacsim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a simulation of a hybrid ground source heat pump system, performed using a new graphical user interface for HVACSIM+. Hybrid ground source heat pump systems incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and supplemental heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, cooling ponds, or pavement heating systems. HVACSIM+ capabilities have recently been extended by the addition of ground loop heat exchanger models, water-to-water and waterto-air heat pump models, pavement heating system models, and heat rejection pond models. New component models are discussed and a hybrid ground source heat pump system with heated pavement as a supplemental cooler is simulated using the visual modeling tool. First, though, an introduction to a new graphical user interface for HVACSIM+ is given. The user interface that originally came with the program could not be characterized as user-friendly. The new graphical interface allows users to develop system models by hooking components together. Provisions for controlling the simulation, setting the component parameters, editing the boundary file, and plotting the output are also included.

M. H. Khan; A. Varanasi; J. D. Spitler; D. E. Fisher; R. D. Delahoussaye

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Designing, selecting and installing a residential ground-source heat pump system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It's a compelling proposition: Use the near-constant-temperature heat underground to heat and cool your home and heat domestic water, slashing your energy bills. Yet despite studies demonstrating significant energy savings from ground-source heat pump (GSHP) systems, their adoption has been hindered by high upfront costs. Fewer than 1% of US homes use a GSHP system. However, compared to a minimum-code-compliant conventional space-conditioning system, when properly designed and installed, a GSHP retrofit at current market prices offers simple payback of 4.3 years on national average, considering existing federal tax credits. Most people understand how air-source heat pumps work: they move heat from indoor air to outdoor air when cooling and from outdoor air to indoor air when heating. The ground-source heat pump operates on the same principle, except that it moves heat to or from the ground source instead of outdoor air. The ground source is usually a vertical or horiontal ground heat exchanger. Because the ground usually has a more favorable temperature than ambient air for the heating and cooling operation of the vapor-compression refrigeration cycle, GSHP sysems can operate with much higher energy efficiencies than air-source heat pump systems when properly designed and installed. A GSHP system used in a residual building typically provides space conditioning and hot water and comprises three major components: a water-source heat pump unit designed to operate at a wider range of entering fluid temperatures (typically from 30 F to 110 F, or 1 C to 43 C) than a conventional water-source heat pump unit; a ground heat exchanger (GHX); and distribution systems to deliver hot water to the storage tank and heating or cooling to the conditioned rooms. In most residual GSHP systems, the circulation pumps and associated valves are integrated with the heat pump to circulate the heat-carrier fluid (water or aqueous antifreeze solution) through the heat pump and the GHX. A recent assessment indicates that if 20% of US homes replaced their existing space-conditioning and water-heating systems with properly designed, installed and operated state-of-the-art GSHP systems, it would yield significant benefits each year. These include 0.8 quad British thermal units (Btu) of primary energy savings, 54.3 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} emission reductions, $10.4 billion in energy cost savings and 43.2 gigawatts of reduction in summer peak electrical demand.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Liu, Xiaobing [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.

Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Feasibility Study of Using Ground Source Heat Pumps in Two Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The building is located near the end of the central steam distribution system. Steam from the central steam and Mt. Olympus BOQ) presently heated by steam from the central steam plant. Ground source heat pump, it was assumed that natural gas-fired water heaters would replace the steam converters that presently provide hot

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

74

A Simple Analytic Approximation of the Ground-Level Concentration for Elevated Line Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By an analytical treatment of the advection-diffusion equation, the upper and lower bounds of the ground-level concentration (glc) have been found for a continuous, elevated line source. These two bounds have been used to construct a Fickian-type ...

Renzo Lupini; Tiziano Tirabassi

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Efficiency, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Central Pennsylvania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy use of a ground-source heat pump (GSP) for heating, cooling and hot water in a Central Pennsylvania residence (namely, the author's house) is analyzed, compared to a simulation of electricity and a heating-oil furnace (with electric cooling) ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Field Test of High Efficiency Residential Buildings with Ground-source and Air-source Heat Pump Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the field performance of space conditioning and water heating equipment in four single-family residential structures with advanced thermal envelopes. Each structure features a different, advanced thermal envelope design: structural insulated panel (SIP); optimum value framing (OVF); insulation with embedded phase change materials (PCM) for thermal storage; and exterior insulation finish system (EIFS). Three of the homes feature ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) for space conditioning and water heating while the fourth has a two-capacity air-source heat pump (ASHP) and a heat pump water heater (HPWH). Two of the GCHP-equipped homes feature horizontal ground heat exchange (GHX) loops that utillize the existing foundation and utility service trenches while the third features a vertical borehole with vertical u-tube GHX. All of the houses were operated under the same simulated occupancy conditions. Operational data on the house HVAC/Water heating (WH) systems are presented and factors influencing overall performance are summarized.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Window coverings  

SciTech Connect

This brochure discusses the following: how heat loss and gain occurs, moisture problems, conventional coverings seldom save energy, plastic window sheets, insulated window coverings, and what to look for. (MHR)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Window insulator  

SciTech Connect

An insulator for mounting to a window. A pair of plastic layers including a plurality of partitions positioned therebetween form air pockets between the layers. A plurality of suction cups and suction grooves arranged in rows on one outer surface of the sheet removably secure the sheet to a window. The sheet includes a circumferentially extending recessed portion receiving the window frame.

Nesbitt, W. A.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Window Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Properties: measurements, simulations and ratings Window Properties: measurements, simulations and ratings Determining the thermal and optical performance of window systems is essential to researchers striving to develop improved products and to window manufacturers who need to demonstrate the energy performance of their products to architects, engineers, builders, and the general public. LBNL is involved in basic research in this field, in developing software and test procedures to analyze and quantify window heat transfer and optics, and in developing standards and rating procedures. Infrared Laboratory experiments provide surface temperature maps of window products. A companion Traversing System measures air velocity and air temperatures near the surface of test specimens. The MoWiTT facility provides accurate measurements of the heat flow through complete window systems subjected to real weather conditions. MoWiTT results have been used to validate the performance of emerging technologies and research prototypes as well as to validate thermal performance models.

80

Research on the Applicability of Solar Energy-Ground Source Heat Pump in Different Regions of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development potential of solar energy resource, cLimatic characteristics and soil temperature conditions are various in different areas of China, which brings some difficulties in the promotion and appLication of solar energy-ground source heat pump ... Keywords: Solar energy-ground source heat pump (GSHP), Solar radiation, Sharacteristics of soil thermal storage, Geographic features

Dongyi Zhou; Chu-ping Shi; Wen-hua Yuan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities, Second Edition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E E N E R G Y M A N A G E M E N T P R O G R A M and exterior to the facility, are typically less than those for conventional systems. Potential Application The technology has been shown to be techni- cally valid and economically attractive in many applications. It is efficient and effective. This Federal Technology Alert reports on the collec- tive experience of heat pump users and evalua- tors and provides application guidance. An estimated 400,000 ground-source heat pumps are operating in the private and public sector, although most of these systems operate in resi- dential applications. A ground-source heat pump system can be applied in virtually any category of climate or building. The large num- ber of installations testifies to the stability of this technology. The reported problems can

82

Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Building Space Conditioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Building Space Conditioning Hua Qian 1,2 , Yungang Wang 2 1 School of Energy and Environment Southeast University Nanjing, 210096, China 2 Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720, USA July 2013 The project was supported by National Key Technology Supported Program of China (2011BAJ03B10-1) and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

83

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities, Second Edition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and exterior to the facility, are typically less and exterior to the facility, are typically less than those for conventional systems. Potential Application The technology has been shown to be techni- cally valid and economically attractive in many applications. It is efficient and effective. This Federal Technology Alert reports on the collec- tive experience of heat pump users and evalua- tors and provides application guidance. An estimated 400,000 ground-source heat pumps are operating in the private and public sector, although most of these systems operate in resi- dential applications. A ground-source heat pump system can be applied in virtually any category of climate or building. The large num- ber of installations testifies to the stability of this technology. The reported problems can usually be attributed to faulty design or

84

Window insulation  

SciTech Connect

Insulating apparatus consisting of a plurality of low thermal conductivity panels slidably carried in a conventional window frame is described. 13 claims.

Saucier, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Reflred - Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... reduction. The Tcl console window lets you interact directly with Tcl/Tk. Use it to help configure the application colors, etc. ...

86

CAVE WINDOW  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cave window is described. It is constructed of thick glass panes arranged so that interior panes have smaller windowpane areas and exterior panes have larger areas. Exterior panes on the radiation exposure side are remotely replaceable when darkened excessively. Metal shutters minimize exposure time to extend window life.

Levenson, M.

1960-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

87

Ground and Water Source Heat Pump Performance and Design for Southern Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground and water source heat pump systems have very attractive performance characteristics when properly designed and installed. These systems typically consist of a water-to-air or water-to-water heat pump linked to a closed loop vertical or horizontal ground-coupling, an open groundwater loop, or a surface water loop. This paper discusses system performance characteristics, component selection procedures presently being used, improvements currently being considered and future possibilities for improved efficiency and reliability. Optimum designs require proper matching of the heat pump unit to the water circulation system, the building space heating/cooling load and water heating requirements. General trends resulting from system and component choices will be discussed. Water heating methods with these heat pumps will be considered.

Kavanaugh, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump System  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled ?Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems.? The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump. The price paid for the three-dimensional detail is the large computational times required with GEO3D. The computational times required for GEO2D are reasonable, a few minutes for a 20 year simulation. For a similar simulation, GEO3D takes days of computational time. Because of the small simulation times with GEO2D, a number of attractive features have been added to it. GEO2D has a user friendly interface where inputs and outputs are all handled with GUI (graphical user interface) screens. These GUI screens make the program exceptionally easy to use. To make the program even easier to use a number of standard input options for the most common GSHP situations are provided to the user. For the expert user, the option still exists to enter their own detailed information. To further help designers and GSHP customers make decisions about a GSHP heating and cooling system, cost estimates are made by the program. These cost estimates include a payback period graph to show the user where their GSHP system pays for itself. These GSHP simulation tools should be a benefit to the advancement of GSHP systems.

Menart, James A. [Wright State University] [Wright State University

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

89

Recovery Act: Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled ���¢��������Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems.���¢������� The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump. The price paid for the three-dimensional detail is the large computational times required with GEO3D. The computational times required for GEO2D are reasonable, a few minutes for a 20 year simulation. For a similar simulation, GEO3D takes days of computational time. Because of the small simulation times with GEO2D, a number of attractive features have been added to it. GEO2D has a user friendly interface where inputs and outputs are all handled with GUI (graphical user interface) screens. These GUI screens make the program exceptionally easy to use. To make the program even easier to use a number of standard input options for the most common GSHP situations are provided to the user. For the expert user, the option still exists to enter their own detailed information. To further help designers and GSHP customers make decisions about a GSHP heating and cooling system, cost estimates are made by the program. These cost estimates include a payback period graph to show the user where their GSHP system pays for itself. These GSHP simulation tools should be a benefit to the advancement of GSHP system

James A Menart, Professor

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

Study of the design Method of an Efficient Ground Source Heat Pump Thermal Source System in a Cold Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system-an energy efficiency and environment friendly system-is becoming popular in many parts of China. However, an imbalance usually exists between the annual heat extracted from and rejected to the ground due to the different heating and cooling load of a building, which will consistently deteriorate the heat pump efficiency leading even to the breakdown of the heat pump. This paper brings forward a design method of adding supplemental heat rejection equipment, a cooling tower, in the system to solve the problem in a cold area. Taking an office building in Beijing as an example, the authors simulate the GSHP system with two different connection methods between the cooling tower and vertical buried-pipe heat exchangers (in series and in parallel) using TRNSYS simulation software, and put forward several design schemes that can ensure the whole system continually operates with high efficiency. This also makes it possible to perform a more detailed economic optimization of the GSHP-based system in the future.

Shu, H.; Duanmu, L.; Hua, R.; Zou, Y.; Du, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Arranging PPP Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

03/15/2005. Arranging PPP Windows. Suggestions for arranging the two PPP windows: Use Attach / adjust windows.

92

Proposed Design for a Coupled Ground-Source Heat Pump/Energy Recovery Ventilator System to Reduce Building Energy Demand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work presented in this thesis focuses on reducing the energy demand of a residential building by using a coupled ground-source heat pump/energy recovery ventilation… (more)

McDaniel, Matthew Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A comparison of ground source heat pumps and micro-combined heat and power as residential greenhouse gas reduction strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both ground source heat pumps operating on electricity and micro-combined heat and power systems operating on fossil fuels offer potential for the reduction of green house gas emissions in comparison to the conventional ...

Guyer, Brittany (Brittany Leigh)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Vista, Microsoft Windows 7, Microsoft Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. It has been reported by users that the...

95

windows Staff  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEPUTY GROUP LEADER Charlie Curcija 495-2602 90-3111 dccurcija@lbl.gov WINDOWS AND DAYLIGHTING STAFF Andre Anders 486-6745 53-004 aanders@lbl.gov Dennis...

96

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downloading and installing Optics 6, as it has a few bug fixes and works with Windows 7 and 8. NFRC (National Fenestration Rating Council) will "sunset" use of Optics 5.1...

97

Starburst99 for Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a Windows compatible version of the evolutionary synthesis code Starburst99. Starburst99 for Windows was developed from the public UNIX based version at STScI. We converted the original Fortran77 source code into a version for a Win32 environment with an Absoft Fortran Pro x86 compiler. Extensive testing showed no significant numerical differences in comparison with the previous UNIX version. The software application consists of the source code, executable, and a number of auxiliary files. The package installs on any PC running Windows 2000, XP, or Vista and can be obtained as freeware at http://www.stsci.edu/science/starburst/PCStarburst99.html. We give an overview of the different running modes and provide instructions for getting started with the initial set-up.

Claus Leitherer; Julia Chen

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

98

Window shopping  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the energy efficiency of windows and describes changes and new products available in this consumer information article. Experiments currently being done by Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), Bonneville Power Authority and the Washington State Energy Office show that some of these superwindows collect more energy from the sun than they let escape from inside the home. One type of window in current production is the low-E (low-emissivity) and the IGUs (insulated glass units). Low-E techniques include glazing of the glass with various materials including polyester and metallic coatings. Other measures include filling the airspace in double pane windows with argon, aerogel or by creating a vacuum in the airspace. Another factor the author considers is ultraviolet light protection.

Best, D.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

BSP 930 WINDOWS HANDBOOK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... click Default Computer. When the Default Computer Properties window appears, select Windows NT System, then Logon. ...

100

A Novel Integrated Frozen Soil Thermal Energy Storage and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel integrated frozen soil thermal energy storage and ground-source heat pump (IFSTS&GSHP) system in which the GHE can act as both cold thermal energy storage device and heat exchanger for GSHP is first presented. The IFSTS&GSHP system can serve as cold energy thermal storage at night, produce chilled water in the daytime in summer and provide hot water for heating in winter. This is followed by its schematic and characteristic description. Then the various operation modes of such system according to different operational strategies are demonstrated in sequence. The system, firstly seen in open literature, is energy-saving, environmental-friendly and promising in the field of air-conditioning systems, and will help solve the problems currently existing with the GSHP system and ITES air conditioning system.

Jiang, Y.; Yao, Y.; Rong, L.; Ma, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

PARAMETRIC STUDY OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR HOT AND HUMID CLMATE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U-tube sizes and varied thermal conductivity with different grout materials are studied based on the benchmark residential building in Hot-humid Pensacola, Florida. In this study, the benchmark building is metered and the data is used to validate the simulation model. And a list of comparative simulation cases with varied parameter value are simulated to study the importance of pipe size and grout to the ground source heat pump energy consumption. The simulation software TRNSYS [1] is employed to fulfill this task. The results show the preliminary energy saving based on varied parameters. Future work needs to be conducted for the cost analysis, include the installation cost from contractor and materials cost.

Jiang Zhu; Yong X. Tao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylight and view are two of the fundamental attributes of a window. Unfortunately, windows can also be the source of significant solar heat gain during times when it is...

103

Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! April 26, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis Caulking is an easy way to reduce air leakage around your windows. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos Caulking is an easy way to reduce air leakage around your windows. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Use these tips for window maintence and treatments to save energy this spring. The beginning of spring marks the point in the year when I'm cleaning, purging the house of things I no longer need, and updating my home on needed repairs. This year, I'm focusing on how to lower my energy bills

104

Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! Spring Home Maintenance: Windows, Windows, Windows! April 26, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis Caulking is an easy way to reduce air leakage around your windows. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos Caulking is an easy way to reduce air leakage around your windows. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Use these tips for window maintence and treatments to save energy this spring. The beginning of spring marks the point in the year when I'm cleaning, purging the house of things I no longer need, and updating my home on needed repairs. This year, I'm focusing on how to lower my energy bills

105

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air distribution  Ground source heat pump,  overhead air distribution  Ground source heat pump,  underfloor air which are coupled to ground-source heat pumps and deliver

Ackerly, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Focus group discussions among owners and non-owners of ground source heat pumps  

SciTech Connect

This research was sponsored by the Office of Buildings and Community Systems and conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory as part of an ongoing effort to enhance the commercial use of federally developed technology. Federal dollars have supported research on the development of ground source heat pumps (GSHP) for several years. Though several companies currently sell GSHP's for residential use, their share of the total heating and air conditioning business remains less than one percent. Large manufacturing companies with national distribution have not yet added GSHP equipment to their product line. GSHP's use only about one half (Braud 1987) to one third (Bose 1987) of the energy needed to operate conventional furnaces and air conditioners. Consequently, a high level of market penetration by the GSHP offers direct benefits to both utility companies and individual users of the systems. Widespread use of these highly efficient systems will reduce both total energy consupmtion, and problems associated with high levels of energy use during peak periods. This will allow utility companies to delay capital expenditures for new facilities to meet the growing energy demand during peak periods. The cost effective use of electricity also reduces the likelihood of homeowners switching to a different fuel source for heating. 5 refs.

Roberson, B.F.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Adaptive Liquid Crystal Windows  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption by private and commercial sectors in the U.S. has steadily grown over the last decade. The uncertainty in future availability of imported oil, on which the energy consumption relies strongly, resulted in a dramatic increase in the cost of energy. About 20% of this consumption are used to heat and cool houses and commercial buildings. To reduce dependence on the foreign oil and cut down emission of greenhouse gases, it is necessary to eliminate losses and reduce total energy consumption by buildings. To achieve this goal it is necessary to redefine the role of the conventional windows. At a minimum, windows should stop being a source for energy loss. Ideally, windows should become a source of energy, providing net gain to reduce energy used to heat and cool homes. It is possible to have a net energy gain from a window if its light transmission can be dynamically altered, ideally electronically without the need of operator assistance, providing optimal control of the solar gain that varies with season and climate in the U.S. In addition, the window must not require power from the building for operation. Resolution of this problem is a societal challenge and of national interest and will have a broad global impact. For this purpose, the year-round, allclimate window solution to provide an electronically variable solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) with a wide dynamic range is needed. AlphaMicron, Inc. (AMI) developed and manufactured 1ft × 1ft prototype panels for the world’s first auto-adjusting Adaptive Liquid Crystal Windows (ALCWs) that can operate from sunlight without the need for external power source and demonstrate an electronically adjustable SHGC. This novel windows are based on AlphaMicron’s patented e-Tint® technology, a guesthost liquid crystal system implemented on flexible, optically clear plastic films. This technology is suitable both for OEM and aftermarket (retro-fitting) lamination to new and existing windows. Low level of power consumption by ALCWs allows for on-board power electronics for automatic matching of transmission through windows to varying climate conditions without drawing the power from the power grid. ALCWs are capable of transmitting more sunlight in winters to assist in heating and less sunlight in summers to minimize overheating. As such, they can change the window from being a source of energy loss to a source of energy gain. In addition, the scalable AMI’s roll-to-roll process, proved by making 1ft × 1ftALCW prototype panels, allows for cost-effective production of large-scale window panels along with capability to change easily their color and shape. In addition to architectural glazing in houses and commercial buildings, ALCWs can be used in other applications where control of sunlight is needed, such as green houses, used by commercial produce growers and botanical gardens, cars, aircrafts, etc.

Taheri, Bahman; Bodnar, Volodymyr

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Development of an integrated building load-ground source heat pump model as a test bed to assess short- and long-term heat pump and ground loop performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pumps (GSHP) have the ability to significantly reduce the energy required to heat and cool buildings. Historically, deployment of GSHP's in the… (more)

Gaspredes, Jonathan Louis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Repair Existing Windows Repair Existing Windows Lead Paint and Window Replacement: Challenges and Opportunities In older homes, windows are a likely source of lead contamination in homes. Dust from lead paint can create serious health problems, especially in young children. While window replacement can increase lead dust during renovation, it can also permanently eliminate lead hazards by removing lead-painted windows. Download fact sheet» A variety of options exist for improving the energy-efficiency of your existing windows. Before investing in these options, check your windows for potential issues that may call for replacement instead: Moisture and mold between window frame and wall: If water and water vapors are allowed to penetrate around the window frame, the moisture can

110

Exergy Analysis and Operational Efficiency of a Horizontal Ground Source Heat Pump System Operated in a Low-Energy Test House under Simulated Occupancy Conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents data, analyses, measures of performance, and conclusions for a ground-source heat pump (GSHP) providing space conditioning to a 345m2 house whose envelope is made of structural insulated panels (SIP). The entire thermal load of this SIP house with RSI-3.7 (RUS-21) walls, triple pane windows with a U-factor of 1.64 W/m2 K (0.29 Btu/h ft2 oF) and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) of 0.25, a roof assembly with overall thermal resistance of about RSI-8.8 (RUS-50) and low leakage rates of 0.74 ACH at 50Pa was satisfied with a 2.16-Ton (7.56 kW) GSHP unit consuming negligible (9.83kWh) auxiliary heat during peak winter season. The highest and lowest heating COP achieved was 4.90 (October) and 3.44 (February), respectively. The highest and lowest cooling COP achieved was 6.09 (April) and 3.88 (August). These COPs are calculated on the basis of the total power input (including duct, ground loop, and control power losses ). The second Law (Exergy) analysis provides deep insight into how systemic inefficiencies are distributed among the various GSHP components. Opportunities for design and further performance improvements are identified. Through Exergy analysis we provide a true measure of how closely actual performance approaches the ideal, and it unequivocally identifies, better than energy analysis does, the sources and causes of lost work, the root cause of system inefficiencies.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Window Energy Efficiency Checklist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Energy Efficiency Checklist While most new windows have labels indicating their energy properties, such information is not often available for existing windows. Here is a...

112

Zero Energy Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

made standard windows significantly more efficient. However, even if all windows in the stock were replaced with todays efficient products, window energy consumption would still be...

113

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Electrochromic Windows Attachment 12: Analysis of VisualMarket Electrochromic Windows Attachment 17: Summary ofof the Electrochromic Windows Attachment 4: An Assessment of

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Electrochromic Windows Controlled for Daylight and Visualof Electrochromic Windows, California Energy Commission /Potential of Electrochromic Windows in the U.S. Commercial

Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Tutorial Design Windows - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tutorial Design Windows: Activity 2: Activity 2 Design Window Return to tutorial. Exercise 1: Exercise 1 Design Window Return to exercises. Exercise 2: Exercise  ...

116

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early-Market Electrochromic Windows. LBNL-59950. 17. Summaryof Daylight through Windows. http://www.lrc.rpi.edu/Occupants’ Control of Window Blinds in Private Offices.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW tutorials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Movie) bullet Creating a Window with a Generic Frame in WINDOW 6 or 7 (QuickTime Movie) Advanced Tutorials: bullet Database structure for Shading Systems in WINDOW7 (QuickTime)...

118

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documentation (all versions) WINDOW 5.0 : bullet WINDOW 5.0 User Manual (3 MB, Adobe PDF format) bullet NFRC THERM 5.2 WINDOW 5.2 Simulation Manual (July 2006) (13 MB, Adobe PDF...

119

Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump for Near-Zero Energy Houses: Technology Status Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The energy service needs of a net-zero-energy house (ZEH) include space heating and cooling, water heating, ventilation, dehumidification, and humidification, depending on the requirements of the specific location. These requirements differ in significant ways from those of current housing. For instance, the most recent DOE buildings energy data (DOE/BED 2007) indicate that on average {approx}43% of residential buildings primary energy use is for space heating and cooling, vs. {approx}12% for water heating (about a 3.6:1 ratio). In contrast, for the particular prototype ZEH structures used in the analyses in this report, that ratio ranges from about 0.3:1 to 1.6:1 depending on location. The high-performance envelope of a ZEH results in much lower space heating and cooling loads relative to current housing and also makes the house sufficiently air-tight to require mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality. These envelope characteristics mean that the space conditioning load will be closer in size to the water heating load, which depends on occupant behavior and thus is not expected to drop by any significant amount because of an improved envelope. In some locations such as the Gulf Coast area, additional dehumidification will almost certainly be required during the shoulder and cooling seasons. In locales with heavy space heating needs, supplemental humidification may be needed because of health concerns or may be desired for improved occupant comfort. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has determined that achieving their ZEH goal will require energy service equipment that can meet these needs while using 50% less energy than current equipment. One promising approach to meeting this requirement is through an integrated heat pump (IHP) - a single system based on heat pumping technology. The energy benefits of an IHP stem from the ability to utilize otherwise wasted energy; for example, heat rejected by the space cooling operation can be used for water heating. With the greater energy savings the cost of the more energy efficient components required for the IHP can be recovered more quickly than if they were applied to individual pieces of equipment to meet each individual energy service need. An IHP can be designed to use either outdoor air or geothermal resources (e.g., ground, ground water, surface water) as the environmental energy source/sink. Based on a scoping study of a wide variety of possible approaches to meeting the energy service needs for a ZEH, DOE selected the IHP concept as the most promising and has supported research directed toward the development of both air- and ground-source versions. This report describes the ground-source IHP (GS-IHP) design and includes the lessons learned and best practices revealed by the research and development (R&D) effort throughout. Salient features of the GS-IHP include a variable-speed rotary compressor incorporating a brushless direct current permanent magnet motor which provides all refrigerant compression, a variable-speed fan for the indoor section, a multiple-speed ground coil circuit pump, and a single-speed pump for water heating operation. Laboratory IHP testing has thus far used R-22 because of the availability of the needed components that use this refrigerant. It is expected that HFC R-410A will be used for any products arising from the IHP concept. Data for a variable-speed compressor that uses R-410A has been incorporated into the DOE/ORNL Mark VI Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM). HPDM was then linked to TRNSYS, a time-series-dependent simulation model capable of determining the energy use of building cooling and heating equipment as applied to a defined house on a sub-hourly basis. This provided a highly flexible design analysis capability for advanced heat pump equipment; however, the program also took a relatively long time to run. This approach was used with the initial prototype design reported in Murphy et al. (2007a) and in the business case analysis of Baxter (2007).

Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Craddick, William G [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Geothermal (Ground-Source) Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pump systems (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pump or Geo-Exchange systems, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national energy and climate strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE s request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential and other benefits, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in a report along with conclusions and recommendations. This paper summarizes the key information from the report.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Geothermal(Ground-Source)Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pumps, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE's request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in this report along with conclusions and recommendations.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Hybrid Ground-Source Heat Pump Installations: Experiences, Improvements, and Tools  

SciTech Connect

One innovation to ground-source heat pump (GSHP, or GHP) systems is the hybrid GSHP (HyGSHP) system, which can dramatically decrease the first cost of GSHP systems by using conventional technology (such as a cooling tower or a boiler) to meet a portion of the peak heating or cooling load. This work uses three case studies (two cooling-dominated, one heating-dominated) to demonstrate the performance of the hybrid approach. Three buildings were studied for a year; the measured data was used to validate models of each system. The models were used to analyze further improvements to the hybrid approach, and establish that this approach has positive impacts, both economically and environmentally. Lessons learned by those who design and operate the systems are also documented, including discussions of equipment sizing, pump operation, and cooling tower control. Finally, the measured data sets and models that were created during this work are described; these materials have been made freely available for further study of hybrid systems.

Scott Hackel; Amanda Pertzborn

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

123

Update on maintenance and service costs of commercial building ground-source heat pump systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An earlier paper showed that commercial ground-source heat pump systems have significantly lower service and maintenance costs than alternative HVAC systems. This paper expands on those results by adding 13 more buildings to the original 25 sites and by comparing the results to the latest ASHRAE survey of HVAC maintenance costs. Data from the 38 sites are presented here including total (scheduled and unscheduled) maintenance costs in cents per square foot per year for base cost, in-house, and contractor-provided maintenance. Because some of the new sites had maintenance costs that were much higher than the industry norm, the resulting data are not normally distributed. Analysis (O'Hara Hines 1998) indicated that a log-normal distribution is a better fit; thus, the data are analyzed and presented here as log-normal. The log-mean annual total maintenance costs for the most recent year of the survey ranged from 6.07 cents per square foot to 8.37 cents per square foot for base cost and contractor-provided maintenance, respectively.

Cane, D.; Garnet, J.M.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

directories. Gas Library Import Fixed a display problem that would occur when importing a Gas Library record from another WINDOW 7 database. Window Library Export Fixed problem...

125

In-Depth Look at Ground Source Heat Pumps and Other Electric Loads in Two GreenMax Homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

CARB partnered with WPPI Energy to answer key research questions on in-field performance of ground-source heat pumps and LAMELs through extensive field monitoring at two WPPI GreenMax demonstration homes in Wisconsin. These two test home evaluations provided valuable data on the true in-field performance of various building mechanical systems and lighting, appliances, and miscellaneous loads (LAMELs).

Puttagunta, S.; Shapiro, C.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CGDB Import Into WINDOW CGDB Import Into WINDOW Updated: 11/14/12 Detailed Instructions for Importing CGDB data into WINDOW These instructions apply to either WINDOW 6 or 7. WINDOW 6 vs WINDOW 7 Because the database structure of WINDOW 6 is different that WINDOW 7, there are different CGDB files to go with each version of WINDOW. There are also different versions of the XML files for each version, because in WINDOW 7 some problems with the files were fixed. Setup of CGDB The CGDB consists of a WINDOW database of records in the Shading Layer, Shade Material Library, and Glass Library, as well as a set of text files for systems that reference BSDF XML files. Database: The installation will put two databases into the "LBNL Shared" directory: (the location will depend on your operating system):

127

Exergy and Energy analysis of a ground-source heat pump for domestic water heating under simulated occupancy conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents detailed analysis of a water to water ground source heat pump (WW-GSHP) to provide all the hot water needs in a 345 m2 house located in DOE climate zone 4 (mixed-humid). The protocol for hot water use is based on the Building America Research Benchmark Definition (Hendron 2008; Hendron and Engebrecht 2010) which aims to capture the living habits of the average American household and its impact on energy consumption. The entire house was operated under simulated occupancy conditions. Detailed energy and exergy analysis provides a complete set of information on system efficiency and sources of irreversibility, the main cause of wasted energy. The WW-GSHP was sized at 5.275 kW (1.5-ton) for this house and supplied hot water to a 303 L (80 gal) water storage tank. The WW-GSHP shared the same ground loop with a 7.56 kW (2.1-ton) water to air ground source heat pump (WA-GSHP) which provided space conditioning needs to the entire house. Data, analyses, and measures of performance for the WW-GSHP in this paper complements the results of the WA-GSHP published in this journal (Ally, Munk et al. 2012). Understanding the performance of GSHPs is vital if the ground is to be used as a viable renewable energy resource.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Windows and lighting program  

SciTech Connect

More than 30% of all energy use in buildings is attributable to two sources: windows and lighting. Together they account for annual consumer energy expenditures of more than $50 billion. Each affects not only energy use by other major building systems, but also comfort and productivity -- factors that influence building economics far more than does direct energy consumption alone. Windows play a unique role in the building envelope, physically separating the conditioned space from the world outside without sacrificing vital visual contact. Throughout the indoor environment, lighting systems facilitate a variety of tasks associated with a wide range of visual requirements while defining the luminous qualities of the indoor environment. Windows and lighting are thus essential components of any comprehensive building science program. Despite important achievements in reducing building energy consumption over the past decade, significant additional savings are still possible. These will come from two complementary strategies: (1) improve building designs so that they effectively apply existing technologies and extend the market penetration of these technologies; and (2) develop advanced technologies that increase the savings potential of each application. Both the Windows and Daylighting Group and the Lighting System Research Group have made substantial contributions in each of these areas, and continue to do so through the ongoing research summarized here. 23 refs., 16 figs.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM SIMULATION USING VISUAL MODELING TOOL FOR HVACSIM+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and supplemental heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, cooling-to-air heat pump (Yavuzturk 2000), heated pavement systems (Chiasson, et al. 2000a), shallow cooling ponds

130

Experimental Study on Operating Characteristic of the System of Ground Source Heat Pump Combined with Floor Radiant Heating of Capillary Tube  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At first, the article presented particularly the working theory of the system of ground source heat pump combined with floor radiant heating of capillary tube, the characteristic of soil layers and the arrangement form of capillary tube mat and the floor ... Keywords: Ground source heat pump, Capillary tube, Radiant heating, Characteristic, Experiment

Yunzhun Fu; Cai Yingling; Jing Li; Yeyu Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

RUGGED CERAMIC WINDOW FOR RF APPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-current RF cavities that are needed for many accelerator applications are often limited by the power transmission capability of the pressure barriers (windows) that separate the cavity from the power source. Most efforts to improve RF window design have focused on alumina ceramic, the most popular historical choice, and have not taken advantage of new materials. Alternative window materials have been investigated using a novel Merit Factor comparison and likely candidates have been tested for the material properties which will enable construction in the self-matched window configuration. Window assemblies have also been modeled and fabricated using compressed window techniques which have proven to increase the power handling capability of waveguide windows. Candidate materials have been chosen to be used in fabricating a window for high power testing at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

MIKE NEUBAUER

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(6.3.74 -- February 14, 2012) Release Notes Updated: 02/15/13 If you find bugs, or if you think these have not been fixed, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 6.3.74 Program Changes Window LIbrary: Window Types In previous versions of WINDOW 6.3, there were two different Window Type lists, with conflicting ID numbers, which resulted in the possibility of a Window Library made with one set of Window Types would become corrupted (the wrong Window Types assigned) if the database records were imported into a another database with the different Window Type list. To solve this problem, we have added a database "migration" with this version of WINDOW -- when it opens any older database, it will update the Window Types list to have the choices (and IDs) shown below and then it will also update all the Window Library records to map to the new Window Types based on what the records were set to originally.

133

Foundation heat exchangers for residential ground source heat pump systems Numerical modeling and experimental validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of ground heat exchanger that utilizes the excavation often made for basements or foundations has been proposed as an alternative to conventional ground heat exchangers. This article describes a numerical model that can be used to size these foundation heat exchanger (FHX) systems. The numerical model is a two-dimensional finite-volume model that considers a wide variety of factors, such as soil freezing and evapotranspiration. The FHX numerical model is validated with one year of experimental data collected at an experimental house located near Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The model shows good agreement with the experimental data-heat pump entering fluid temperatures typically within 1 C (1.8 F) - with minor discrepancies due to approximations, such as constant moisture content throughout the year, uniform evapotranspiration over the seasons, and lack of ground shading in the model.

Xing, Lu [Oklahoma State University; Cullin, James [Oklahoma State University; Spitler, Jeffery [Oklahoma State University; Im, Piljae [ORNL; Fisher, Daniel [Oklahoma State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 Technical Documentation WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 Technical Documentation Algorithm Documentation WINDOW6 and THERM6 implement the ISO 15099 algorithms: bullet ISO 15099 The algorithms in WINDOW6 and THERM6 follow the procedures presented in ISO 15099: "Thermal performance of windows, doors and shading devices - Detailed calculations." See: http://webstore.ansi.org/ansidocstore/product.asp?sku=ISO+15099%3A2003 In addition to implementing ISO 15099 algorithms in WINDOW6 and THERM6, we have added additional capabilities to WINDOW6. The following reports and papers describe these additional capabilities and/or elaborate on ISO15099. bullet Thermal Algorithm Documentation for THERM6: Conrad 5 & Viewer 5 Technical and Programming Documentation June 20, 2006 bullet Thermal Algorithm Documentation for WINDOW6:

135

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WINDOW WINDOW NFRC Certification Version Release Version Beta Version WINDOW 6.3 (For NFRC Certification and modeling Complex Glazing Systems) WINDOW 7.1 For modeling vacuum glazing, deflected glass, vertical venetian blinds and perforated screens WINDOW 7.2 For modeling Cellular Shades, in addition to vacuum glazing, deflected glass, vertical venetian blinds and perforated screens Download WINDOW 6.3 (for NFRC Certification and complex glazing systems) Download WINDOW 7.1 Download WINDOW 7.2 Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) New Features

136

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all the Window Records in a database opened in this new version. Click here for a zip file (called W6mdb.zip) that contains a W6.mdb file for WINDOW 6.3.74 that has the...

137

Residents and windows. 1. Shielding of windows  

SciTech Connect

In order to assess the influence of the shielding of windows performed by occupants in residential buildings on the heat balance of the building, the shielding of 40,000 windows was determined by observation during two heating seasons. It is shown that the demand for privacy has a large effect on the degree of window-shielding. There are also indications that many occupants trying to save energy use window-shielding as one of their means to achieve this.

Lyrberg, M.D.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Troubleshooting Microsoft Windows XP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Troubleshooting Microsoft Windows XP provides fast answers to problems that can arise when using the Windows XP Home or Windows XP Professional operating system. The book addresses common issues with the new user interface, the taskbar ...

Stephen W. Sagman

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Introduction Windows and Precomputation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Windows and Precomputation Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions Endomorphisms;Introduction Windows and Precomputation Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions Endomorphisms and Complex Bases Outline 1 Introduction 2 Windows and Precomputation 3 Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions 4

140

Using X Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

option 3 or 510-486-8611 Home For Users Network Connections Using X Windows Using X Windows Introduction X-Windows allows you to display remote applications on...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Chapter 5. Auxiliary Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... simultaneously. New ones are created by the New command in the Messages submenu in any OOF2 window's OOF.Windows menu. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

142

Choosing a Residential Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Choosing a Residential Window LBNLs Windows and Daylighting Group provides technical support to government and industry efforts to help consumers and builders choose...

143

Windows 8-Windows Phone applikationsutveckling; Windows 8/Windows Phone application development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Den här rapporten beskriver utvecklingen av en applikation för Windows 8 och Windows Phone 8 där fokus ligger på multiplattformsutveckling. Applikationen använder sig av… (more)

Johansson, Henrik

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Windows | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Windows Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Windows Incentives...

145

thumbnails for windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4) Cut and paste the above text window into some text editor, and save into the ... Then, in Windows, open the write folder and use 'View / thumbnails'.

146

Simulation of Photovoltaic Panel Production as Complement to Ground Source Heat Pump System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master thesis presents a new technological combination of two environmentally friendly sources of energy in order to provide DHW, and space heating. Solar… (more)

Badri, Seyed Ali Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specular Glazing Systems Specular Glazing Systems NFRC THERM 6.3 / WINDOW 6.3 Simulation Manual July 2013: bullet Entire Manual in PDF Format approximate 8 MB Comparison of WINDOW 5 / THERM 5 and WINDOW 6 / THERM 6 Results for Specular Glazing Systems (PDF Format) NFRC WINDOW 6 / THERM 6 Training for Specular Systems (Power Point Presentation, Oct/Nov 2010) Tutorials Complex Glazing Systems bullet WINDOW 6.2 / THERM 6.2 Research Version User Manual (Documents features in WINDOW6 and THERM 6 for modeling complex glazing systems) bullet WINDOW 6.2 / THERM 6.2 Simulation Manual Chapter for Complex Glazing (Draft) This was used for NFRC Simulator training in June 2009, and includes detailed descriptions for modeling venetian blinds between glass and frits. bullet Complex Glazing Summary -- PDF File

148

Residential Ground Source Heat Pumps with Integrated Domestic Hot Water Generation: Performance Results from Long-Term Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) show promise for reducing house energy consumption, and a desuperheater can potentially further reduce energy consumption where the heat pump from the space conditioning system creates hot water. Two unoccupied houses were instrumented to document the installed operational space conditioning and water heating efficiency of their GSHP systems. This paper discusses instrumentation methods and field operation characteristics of the GSHPs, compares manufacturers' values of the coefficients of performance calculated from field measured data for the two GSHPs, and compares the measured efficiency of the desuperheater system to other domestic hot water systems.

Stecher, D.; Allison, K.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Windows activation Sergei Striganov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows activation Sergei Striganov Fermilab July 25, 2007 #12;Beam windows residual activity of irradiated object should be much larger than -ray interaction length (3.7 cm in windows). In such model activation is proportional to star density. For beam size much smaller windows transverse dimension

McDonald, Kirk

150

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Feature List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bullet Window Library: RESFEN5 has a Window Library that allows data for specific windows to be imported from the WINDOW5 program. A default set of WINDOW5 data is installed...

151

Integrated Heat Pump (IHP) System Development - Air-Source IHP Control Strategy and Specifications and Ground-Source IHP Conceptual Design  

SciTech Connect

The integrated heat pump (IHP), as one appliance, can provide space cooling, heating, ventilation, and dehumidification while maintaining comfort and meeting domestic water heating needs in near-zero-energy home (NZEH) applications. In FY 2006 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed development of a control strategy and system specification for an air-source IHP. The conceptual design of a ground-source IHP was also completed. Testing and analysis confirm the potential of both IHP concepts to meet NZEH energy services needs while consuming 50% less energy than a suite of equipment that meets current minimum efficiency requirements. This report is in fulfillment of an FY06 DOE Building Technologies (BT) Joule Milestone.

Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

High Performance Window Attachments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Performance Window High Performance Window Attachments D. Charlie Curcija Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory dccurcija@lbl.gov 510-495-2602 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Impact of Project: * Motivate manufacturers to make improvements in Window systems U-Factors, SHGC and daylighting utilization * Increase awareness of benefits from energy efficient window attachments Problem Statement: * A wide range of residential window attachments are available, but they have widely unknown

153

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Window Heat Gain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Heat Gain Window Heat Gain Window Heat Gain image Calculates the solar heat gain through vertical windows in temperate latitudes. Screen Shots Keywords Solar, window, energy Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required None. Users Few (new program). Audience Architects, energy analysts. Input Location, window characteristics, ground characteristics. Output Daily/monthly heat gain through window. Computer Platform Web Programming Language JavaScript Strengths Allows default locations/windows/surfaces or custom user data. Incorporates lots of ASHRAE SHGF data that is otherwise burdensome to deal with. Weaknesses Only works for windows facing close to due north, south, east, or west. Doesn't address conductive losses or shading. Contact Company: Sustainable By Design Address: 3631 Bagley Avenue North

154

SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR: WINDOWS SERVER 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR: WINDOWS SERVER 2003 MCSA © 2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved MCPDMCPD WINDOWS DEVELOPERWEB DEVELOPER Job Role/Achievement Certification Recommended Coursework Student TECHNICIAN: WINDOWS 7 MCITPMCITP SUPPORT TECHNICIAN: WINDOWS VISTA SERVER ADMINISTRATOR: WINDOWS SERVER 2003

Atkinson, Katie

155

The Efficient Window Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 The Efficient Window Collaborative http://www.efficientwindows.org Energy-efficient windows make up only about 35% of the U.S. residential window market, even though they are cost-effective in approximately 80% or more of all applications. To ensure that efficient windows reach their optimum potential in homes throughout the U.S., the Department of Energy and key players in the U.S. window industry have formed the Efficient Window Collaborative (EWC). The EWC's goal is doubling the market share of efficient windows by 2005. With 31 charter members from the window and glass industries, the EWC is managed jointly by the Washington, D.C.-based Alliance to Save Energy and the Center for Building Science's Windows and Daylighting Group. The EWC serves as a focal point for voluntary

156

Comparison of Aermod and ISCST3 Models for Particulate Emissions from Ground Level Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emission factors (EFs) and results from dispersion models are key components in the air pollution regulatory process. The EPA preferred regulatory model changed from ISCST3 to AERMOD in November, 2007. Emission factors are used in conjunction with dispersion models to predict 24-hour concentrations that are compared to National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for determining the required control systems in permitting sources. This change in regulatory models has had an impact on the regulatory process and the industries regulated. In this study, EFs were developed for regulated particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 from cotton harvesting. Measured concentrations of TSP and PM10 along with meteorological data were used in conjunction with the dispersion models ISCST3 and AERMOD, to determine the emission fluxes from cotton harvesting. The goal of this research was to document differences in emission factors as a consequence of the models used. The PM10 EFs developed for two-row and six-row pickers were 154 + 43 kg/km2 and 425 + 178 kg/km2, respectively. From the comparison between AERMOD and ISCST3, it was observed that AERMOD EFs were 1.8 times higher than ISCST3 EFs for Emission factors (EFs) and results from dispersion models are key components in the air pollution regulatory process. The EPA preferred regulatory model changed from ISCST3 to AERMOD in November, 2007. Emission factors are used in conjunction with dispersion models to predict 24-hour concentrations that are compared to National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for determining the required control systems in permitting sources. This change in regulatory models has had an impact on the regulatory process and the industries regulated. In this study, EFs were developed for regulated particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 from cotton harvesting. Measured concentrations of TSP and PM10 along with meteorological data were used in conjunction with the dispersion models ISCST3 and AERMOD, to determine the emission fluxes from cotton harvesting. The goal of this research was to document differences in emission factors as a consequence of the models used. The PM10 EFs developed for two-row and six-row pickers were 154 + 43 kg/km2 and 425 + 178 kg/km2, respectively. From the comparison between AERMOD and ISCST3, it was observed that AERMOD EFs were 1.8 times higher than ISCST3 EFs for absence of solar radiation. Using AERMOD predictions of pollutant concentrations off property for regulatory purposes will likely affect a source?s ability to comply with limits set forth by State Air Pollution Regulatory Agencies (SAPRAs) and could lead to inappropriate regulation of the source.

Botlaguduru, Venkata Sai V.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW: NFRC info  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.2 (5.2.17): July 2003 Download WINDOW 5.2.17 (Glass Library has IGDB version 14.0) Download THERM 5.2.14 This version of WINDOW 5.2 is approved by NFRC for use with the new NFRC...

158

02preview.windows.compreview.windows.com Release Preview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02preview.windows.compreview.windows.com Windows 8 Release Preview Product guidepreview.windows.com #12;03 01preview.windows.compreview.windows.com © 2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. #12;Contents Windows 7, only better 06 The new Start screen 06 Touch, keyboard, and mouse: seamless integration

Fähndrich, Manuel A.

159

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Feature List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microsoft Vista and Windows 7 Operating System Issues Last update:071612 12:38 PM The LBNL Windows & Daylighting suite of software programs (WINDOW, THERM, Optics) are installed...

160

Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar gains with highly insulating windows, which leads to windows with positive heating energy flows offsetting buildingheating energy needs, reject solar gain to reduce cooling loads, significantly mitigate a building’

Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

window.xp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New New in Building Energy Efficiency Selecting Windows for Energy Efficiency New window technologies have increased energy benefits and comfort, and have provided more practical options for consumers. This selection guide will help homeowners, architects, and builders take advantage of the expanding window market. The guide contains three sections: an explanation of energy-related window characteristics, a discussion of window energy performance ratings, and a convenient checklist for window selection. S electing the right window for a specific home invariably requires tradeoffs between dif- ferent energy performance features, and with other non-energy issues. An understanding of some basic energy concepts is therefore essential to choosing appropriate windows and skylights. As illustrated on the fol-

162

Safety Share - Window Blinds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Window Blinds On November 17, 2010, an HSS employee was adjusting the window blinds in his office. One might expect this low hazard, routine operation to require little or no...

163

Whole Window Performance Criteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Criteria This graph shows the relationship between whole window U-factor and center of glass U-factor (U-cog) for two window types for two generic frames from the...

164

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Back to Tool Screenshot of WINDOW definition. Screenshot of WINDOW glass library. Screenshot of WINDOW assembly definition...

165

New Window of Opportunity:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. New Window of Opportunity: Certificate Transparency - A Certification Authority's Perspective Ben Wilson, SVP DigiCert ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

166

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

advanced spectrally selective low-e double-pane windows and the same type of daylighting control system

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Impacts of Soil and Pipe Thermal Conductivity on Performance of Horizontal Pipe in a Ground-source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the composition and thermal property of soil are discussed. The main factors that impact the soil thermal conductivity and several commonly-used pipe materials are studied. A model of heat exchanger with horizontal pipes of ground-source heat pump is developed. The impact of soil thermal conductivity and pipe thermal conductivity on the soil temperature field around the buried pipe, and the thermal performance of the heat exchanger are simulated. The simulation results show that with the increase of soil thermal conductivity, heat transfer quantity obviously increases, and the temperature of soil around pipe decrease under winter conditions. The temperature field varies relatively faster with thermal conductivity in the site nearer to the buried pipe. With the increase of pipe thermal conductivity, heat transfer quantity and the mean temperature of the buried pipe's outside surface all increase.

Song, Y.; Yao, Y.; Na, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Subject Responses to Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large-area electrochromic windows in commercial buildings”,of electrochromic windows: a pilot study”, Building andceramic electrochromic window: field study results”, Energy

Clear, Robert; Inkarojrit, Vorapat; Lee, Eleanor

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

FLUDViz: Installation Instructions for Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tk for communication between the OpenGL graphics window and the Tcl/Tk control window. ... invokes OpenGL and WGL (Windows GL extensions). ...

170

Chapter 4. The Graphics Window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Chapter 4. The Graphics Window. ... Chapter 4. The Graphics Window. ... Figure 4.1 shows the structure of the Graphics Window. ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

171

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2.8 (September 30, 2013) Program Changes TARCOG DLL Changes The TARCOG.DLL file,...

172

Mobile Window Thermal Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobile Window Thermal Test (MoWiTT) Facility Mobile Window Thermal Test (MoWiTT) Facility winter.jpg (469135 bytes) The window has come a long way since the days when it was a single pane of glass in a wood frame. Low-emissivity windows were designed to help buildings retain some of the energy that would have leaked out of less efficient windows. Designing efficient window-and-frame systems is one strategy for reducing the energy use of buildings. But the net energy flowing through a window is a combination of temperature- driven thermal flows and transmission of incident solar energy, both of which vary with time. U-factor and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC), the window properties that control these flows, depend partly on ambient conditions. Window energy flows can affect how much energy a building uses, depending on when the window flows are available to help meet other energy demands within the building, and when they are adverse, adding to building energy use. This leads to a second strategy for reducing building energy use: using the beneficial solar gain available through a window, either for winter heating or for daylighting, while minimizing adverse flows.

173

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Windows The Windows Volume Purchase RFP to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on AddThis.com... Home About FAQs Low-E Storm Windows Request for Proposal Contacts For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers

174

Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact Cryptographic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Microsoft Windows Cryptographic Primitives Library (bcrypt.dll) Security Policy Document ... Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows Advancement of Electrochromic Windows Title Advancement of Electrochromic Windows Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-59821 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lee, Eleanor S., Stephen E. Selkowitz, Robert D. Clear, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, Joseph H. Klems, Luis L. Fernandes, Gregory J. Ward, Vorapat Inkarojrit, and Mehry Yazdanian Date Published 04/2006 Other Numbers CEC-500-2006-052 Keywords commercial buildings, daylight, daylighting controls, Electrochromic windows, energy efficiency, human factors, peak demand, switchable windows, visual comfort Abstract This guide provides consumer-oriented information about switchable electrochromic (EC) windows. Electrochromic windows change tint with a small applied voltage, providing building owners and occupants with the option to have clear or tinted windows at any time, irrespective of whether it's sunny or cloudy. EC windows can be manually or automatically controlled based on daylight, solar heat gain, glare, view, energy-efficiency, peak electricity demand response, or other criteria. Window controls can be integrated with other building systems, such as lighting and heating/cooling mechanical systems, to optimize interior environmental conditions, occupant comfort, and energy-efficiency.

176

Microsoft PowerPoint - WINDOW6-ComplexGlazingTypeSummary-ForPresentation.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Christian Kohler, Mike Rubin, Jacob Jonsson Christian Kohler, Mike Rubin, Jacob Jonsson Dariush Arasteh, Robin Mitchell Windows & Daylighting Research Group March 2008 Complex Glazing Summary Complex Glazing Summary Environmental Energy Technologies Division Software Tools Overview Design / Simulation Tools DOE-2, EnergyPlus Radiance THERM (Window Frame) Optics (Window Glass) IGDB (Specular Glass Data Source) RESFEN (Whole Building Residential) COMFEN (Whole Building Commercial) CGDB (Complex Glazing Data Base) calculation calculation calculation WINDOW (Whole Window) Environmental Energy Technologies Division WINDOW6 Design / Simulation Tools DOE-2, EnergyPlus Radiance THERM (Window Frame) Optics (Window Glass) IGDB (Specular Glass Data Source) RESFEN (Whole Building Residential) COMFEN (Whole Building Commercial) CGDB (Complex Glazing

177

AN ASSESSMENT OF MCNP WEIGHT WINDOWS  

SciTech Connect

The weight window variance reduction method in the general-purpose Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code MCNPTM has recently been rewritten. In particular, it is now possible to generate weight window importance functions on a superimposed mesh, eliminating the need to subdivide geometries for variance reduction purposes. Our assessment addresses the following questions: (1) Does the new MCNP4C treatment utilize weight windows as well as the former MCNP4B treatment? (2) Does the new MCNP4C weight window generator generate importance functions as well as MCNP4B? (3) How do superimposed mesh weight windows compare to cell-based weight windows? (4) What are the shortcomings of the new MCNP4C weight window generator? Our assessment was carried out with five neutron and photon shielding problems chosen for their demanding variance reduction requirements. The problems were an oil well logging problem, the Oak Ridge fusion shielding benchmark problem, a photon skyshine problem, an air-over-ground problem, and a sample problem for variance reduction.

J. S. HENDRICKS; C. N. CULBERTSON

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Windows and Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office building exterior Office building exterior Windows and Daylighting Windows research is aimed at improving energy efficiency in buildings and homes across the nation. Research includes: New glazing materials Windows simulation software Advanced high-performance fenestration systems Daylighting technologies Measurement of window properties Windows performance in residential and commercial buildings. Contacts Stephen Selkowitz SESelkowitz@lbl.gov (510) 486-5064 Eleanor Lee ESLee@lbl.gov (510) 486-4997 Charlie Curcija DCCurcija@lbl.gov (510) 495-2602 Links Windows and Daylighting Daylighting the New York Times Headquarters Building Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

179

Highly Insulating Windows - Publ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highly Insulating Windows - Publications Future Advanced Windows for Zero-Energy Homes, J. Apte, D. Arasteh, J. Huang, 2003 ASHRAE Annual Meeting, 2002 Nine representative window products are examined in eight representative U.S. climates. Annual energy and peak demand impacts are investigated. We conclude that a new generation of window products is necessary for zero-energy homes if windows are not to be an energy drain on these homes. Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows, D. Arasteh, H. Goudey, J. Huang, C. Kohler, R. Mitchell, 2006, submitted to ASHRAE Through the use of whole house energy modeling, typical efficient products are evaluated in five US climates and compared against the requirements for ZEHs. Products which meet these needs are defined as a function of climate.

180

Highly Insulating Window Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Technology Window Technology Temperature differentials across a window, particularly with cold exterior environments in residential buildings, can lead to significant energy losses. Currently available low-emissivity coatings, gas-fills, and insulating frames provide significant energy savings over typical single or double glazed products. The EWC website provides information on how double glazed low-e gas-filled windows work as well as information on commercially available superwindows (three layer, multiple low-e coatings, high performance gas-fills). The next generation of highly insulating window systems will benefit from incremental improvements being made to current components (i.e. more insulating spacers and frame materials/designs, low-e coatings with improved performance properties). LBNL uses its experimental facilities and software tools to collaborate with window and glass industry representatives to better understand the impacts of new components on overall product performance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benefits: Energy & Cost Savings Benefits: Energy & Cost Savings The following information is an example of energy and cost savings for Boston and Phoenix. See the sidebar to the right for information on energy use for generic window products in your city or region. Heating Season Savings U-Factor In climates with a significant heating season, non-energy efficient windows can represent a major source of unwanted heat loss, discomfort, and condensation problems. In recent decades, windows have undergone a technological revolution. It is now possible to have lower heat loss, less air leakage, and warmer window surfaces that improve comfort and minimize condensation. The graphs below illustrate the simulated savings in heating season costs associated with energy efficient windows for a typical

182

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optics 6.0 Optics 6.0 (6.0 -- February 13, 2012) Release Notes Updated: 07/16/12 Program Changes Microsoft Windows 7 / Vista Operating System"Aware" Optics now installs and operates much better under the Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista operating systems. It is no longer necessary to run the "VistaFix" batch file after installing the program. Fixed Bugs If you find bugs, or if you think these have not been fixed, please do not hesitate to send an email to OpticsHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. Paths Appear in Tools/Options In the Microsoft Windows 7 / Vista Operating System environments, the program would not display the directory paths in the Tools / Options "File Locations" dialog box. This is now fixed.

183

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cellular / Honeycomb Shades Cellular / Honeycomb Shades Updated 09/30/2013 It is now possible to model cellular / honeycomb shading systems in the Shading System Library and then add them to a glazing system in the Glazing System Library. NOTE: Before attempting to calculate a glazing system with a cellular shade, you must make the following change to the THERM7.ini file, which is located in C:\Users\Public\LBNL\Settings. Close WINDOW7 before making this change. DocPath=C:\Users\Public\LBNL\WINDOW7\debug Shading Layer Library A cellular / honeycomb shade can now be defined in the Shading Layer Library. Defining this type of shading system requires an XML file which contains information about the cell geometry and the material thermal and optical properties. WINDOW can model two different types of cellular shades:

184

Dynamic Windows.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including products with improved fixed or static properties and products with dynamic solar heat gain proper- ties. Nine representative window products are examined in eight...

185

Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, such as space conditioning and lighting. Windows2. Table 1: Annual Space-Conditioning Energy Consumption ofquads Table 2: Annual Space-Conditioning Energy Consumption

Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Windows Vistan käyttöönotto organisaatioympäristössä.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Työn tavoitteena oli kehittää menetelmä, jolla Windows Vista- käyttöjärjestelmä voidaan asentaa usealle tietokoneelle samanaikaisesti mahdollisimman tehokkaasti. Lisäksi käyttöönotto täytyi tapahtua automaattisesti, jotta se ei vie… (more)

Kamula, Erkki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Windows Server 2008 -infrastruktuuri.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tämä työ käsittelee Windows 2008 -verkkoinfrastrukstuuri-kurssin materiaalin suunnittelua ja testausta. Työ toteutettiin Metropolia Ammattikorkeakoululle keväällä 2010. Työn alussa esitellään työssä käytetty virtuaalisointiohjelmisto ja toiminta, sekä… (more)

Sundgren, Patrik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

ADVANCEMENT OF ELECTROCHROMIC WINDOWS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eleanor Lee, Co-Principal Investigator Steve Marsh, Curtainwall Engineering, Sensors and Instrumentation Robin Mitchell, Window Modeling Thomas Richardson, Ph.D., Material...

189

Numerical Simulation of a Latent Heat Storage System of a Solar-Aided Ground Source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the rectangular phase change storage tank (PCST) linked to a solar-aided ground source heat pump (SAGSHP) system is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The container of the phase change material (PCM) is the controlling unit of the phase change heat transfer model. It was solved numerically by an enthalpy-based finite difference method and was validated by experimental data. CaCl2•6H2O was used as the PCM in the latent heat storage system of SAGSHP system. In the tank, the PCMs are encapsulated in plastic kegs that are setting on the serpentine coil. The experiments were performed from March 12 to April 10, 2004 in the heating season of the transition period. In order to reflect the effects of the system, two days were chosen to compare the numerical results with experimental data. The inlet and outlet temperature of the water in the PCST, temperature of PCM and storage and emission heat of PCST were measured. The trends of the variation of numerical results and experimental data were in close agreement. Numerical results can reflect the operation mode of the system very well.

Wang, F.; Zheng, M.; Li, Z.; Lei, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Analysis of Selection of Single or Double U-bend Pipes in a Ground Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system is widely used because of its energy-saving and environmental-friendly characteristics. The buried pipes heat exchangers play an important role in the whole GSHP system design. However, in most cases, single U-bend pipes are adopted only for their simplicity in design and construction instead of high efficiency and less operation cost of the whole system. In this paper, we make a comparison between single and double U-bend pipe heat exchangers in their heat exchange rate per depth, the number of boreholes needed for the same amount of cooling load, total lengths of pipes for the two different types of heat exchangers, and seasonal overall energy efficiency of the two GSHP systems. An economic analysis method is also presented. Finally, conclusions are made for the selection of single or double U-bend pipe heat exchangers in a GSHP system after a case study using TRNSYS simulation software is carried out.

Shu, H.; Duanmu, L.; Hua, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

BRAZING THIN BERYLLIUM WINDOWS  

SciTech Connect

Thin, high-vacuum Be windows were vacuum brazed to Cu supports for electronic devices, using small frames of 630-705 deg C In--Cu--Ag brazing alloy. The edges of the Be windows were coated with Cu before brazing. The brazing procedure is described. (D.L.C.)

Papacosta, J.P.; Murdock, D.M.; Crews, R.W.

1962-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Efficient Windows Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The project goals covered both the residential and commercial windows markets and involved a range of audiences such as window manufacturers, builders, homeowners, design professionals, utilities, and public agencies. Essential goals included: (1) Creation of 'Master Toolkits' of information that integrate diverse tools, rating systems, and incentive programs, customized for key audiences such as window manufacturers, design professionals, and utility programs. (2) Delivery of education and outreach programs to multiple audiences through conference presentations, publication of articles for builders and other industry professionals, and targeted dissemination of efficient window curricula to professionals and students. (3) Design and implementation of mechanisms to encourage and track sales of more efficient products through the existing Window Products Database as an incentive for manufacturers to improve products and participate in programs such as NFRC and ENERGY STAR. (4) Development of utility incentive programs to promote more efficient residential and commercial windows. Partnership with regional and local entities on the development of programs and customized information to move the market toward the highest performing products. An overarching project goal was to ensure that different audiences adopt and use the developed information, design and promotion tools and thus increase the market penetration of energy efficient fenestration products. In particular, a crucial success criterion was to move gas and electric utilities to increase the promotion of energy efficient windows through demand side management programs as an important step toward increasing the market share of energy efficient windows.

Nils Petermann

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

Efficient Windows Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The project goals covered both the residential and commercial windows markets and involved a range of audiences such as window manufacturers, builders, homeowners, design professionals, utilities, and public agencies. Essential goals included: (1) Creation of 'Master Toolkits' of information that integrate diverse tools, rating systems, and incentive programs, customized for key audiences such as window manufacturers, design professionals, and utility programs. (2) Delivery of education and outreach programs to multiple audiences through conference presentations, publication of articles for builders and other industry professionals, and targeted dissemination of efficient window curricula to professionals and students. (3) Design and implementation of mechanisms to encourage and track sales of more efficient products through the existing Window Products Database as an incentive for manufacturers to improve products and participate in programs such as NFRC and ENERGY STAR. (4) Development of utility incentive programs to promote more efficient residential and commercial windows. Partnership with regional and local entities on the development of programs and customized information to move the market toward the highest performing products. An overarching project goal was to ensure that different audiences adopt and use the developed information, design and promotion tools and thus increase the market penetration of energy efficient fenestration products. In particular, a crucial success criterion was to move gas and electric utilities to increase the promotion of energy efficient windows through demand side management programs as an important step toward increasing the market share of energy efficient windows.

Nils Petermann

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

Window inference in isabelle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window inference is a transformational style of reasoning that provides an intuitive framework for managing context during the transformation of subterms under transitive relations. This report describes the design for a prototype window inference tool in Isabelle, and discusses possible directions for the final tool. 1

Mark Staples

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Highly Insulating Windows - Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost Cost The following is an estimate of the cost effective incremental cost of highly-insulating windows (U-factor=0.20 Btu/hr-ft2-F) compared to regular ENERGY STAR windows (U-factor 0.35 Btu/hr-ft2-F). Energy savings from lower U-factors were simulated with RESFEN over an assumed useful window life of 25 years. To determine the maximum incremental cost at which highly-insulating windows would still be cost-effective, we used a formula used by many utility companies to calculate the cost of saved energy from energy efficiency programs, based on the programs' cost and savings. We turned this formula around so that the cost of saved energy equals the present energy prices in the studied locations, whereas the program cost (the incremental cost of the windows) is the dependent variable. By entering 5%

196

TRNSYS for windows packages  

SciTech Connect

TRNSYS 14.1 was released in 1994. This package represents a significant step forward in usability due to several graphical utility programs for DOS. These programs include TRNSHELL, which encapsulates TRNSYS functions, PRESIM, which allows the graphical creation of a simulation system, and TRNSED, which allows the easy sharing of simulations. The increase in usability leads to a decrease in the time necessary to prepare the simulation. Most TRNSYS users operate on PC computers with the Windows operating system. Therefore, the next logical step in increased usability was to port the current TRNSYS package to the Windows operating system. Several organizations worked on this conversion that has resulted in two distinct Windows packages. One package closely resembles the DOS version and includes TRNSHELL for Windows and PRESIM for Windows. The other package incorporates a general front-end, called IISIBat, that is a general simulation tool front-end. 8 figs.

Blair, N.J.; Beckman, W.A.; Klein, S.A.; Mitchell, J.W.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Windows technology assessment  

SciTech Connect

This assessment estimates that energy loss through windows is approximately 15 percent of all the energy used for space heating and cooling in residential and commercial buildings in New York State. The rule of thumb for the nation as a whole is about 25 percent. The difference may reflect a traditional assumption of single-pane windows while this assessment analyzed installed window types in the region. Based on the often-quoted assumption, in the United States some 3.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) of primary energy, costing some $20 billion, is annually consumed as a result of energy lost through windows. According to this assessment, in New York State, the energy lost due to heat loss through windows is approximately 80 trillion Btu at an annual cost of approximately $1 billion.

Baron, J.J.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Insulating window system  

SciTech Connect

An insulating window system is described for use with existing structural windows which consists of: a window track, the track secured to and outlining the structural windows and includes a jaw means, the jaw means includes a pair of spaced jaws, the jaws extending outward from the track and being concaved towards each other forming a semi-oval channel; a glazing frame means having a base member and a pane holder, the base member having two outwardly extending spaced arms, the arms being concaved towards each other forming a semi-oval channel and engaging the jaws when passed there against, for locking the window track and glazing frame means together; the pane holder extending from the glazing frame means and includes an end section and a face section, the face section overlaying the base member with the end section extending therebetween, all forming a glazing channel for securing a glazing pane.

Miller, W.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

A true virtual window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous research from environmental psychology shows that human well-being suffers in windowless environments in many ways and a window view of nature is psychologically and physiologically beneficial to humans. Current window substitutes, still images and video, lack three dimensional properties necessary for a realistic viewing experience ? primarily motion parallax. We present a new system using a head-coupled display and image-based rendering to simulate a photorealistic artificial window view of nature with motion parallax. Evaluation data obtained from human subjects suggest that the system prototype is a better window substitute than a static image and has significantly more positive effects on observers? moods. The test subjects judged the system prototype as a good simulation of, and acceptable replacement for, a real window, and accorded it much higher ratings for realism and preference than a static image.

Radikovic, Adrijan Silvester

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Zero Energy Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Windows in the U.S. consume 30 percent of building heating and cooling energy, representing an annual impact of 4.1 quadrillion BTU (quads) of primary energy. Windows have an even larger impact on peak energy demand and on occupant comfort. An additional 1 quad of lighting energy could be saved if buildings employed effective daylighting strategies. The ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} program has made standard windows significantly more efficient. However, even if all windows in the stock were replaced with today's efficient products, window energy consumption would still be approximately 2 quads. However, windows can be ''net energy gainers'' or ''zero-energy'' products. Highly insulating products in heating applications can admit more useful solar gain than the conductive energy lost through them. Dynamic glazings can modulate solar gains to minimize cooling energy needs and, in commercial buildings, allow daylighting to offset lighting requirements. The needed solutions vary with building type and climate. Developing this next generation of zero-energy windows will provide products for both existing buildings undergoing window replacements and products which are expected to be contributors to zero-energy buildings. This paper defines the requirements for zero-energy windows. The technical potentials in terms of national energy savings and the research and development (R&D) status of the following technologies are presented: (1) Highly insulating systems with U-factors of 0.1 Btu/hr-ft{sup 2}-F; (2) Dynamic windows: glazings that modulate transmittance (i.e., change from clear to tinted and/or reflective) in response to climate conditions; and (3) Integrated facades for commercial buildings to control/ redirect daylight. Market transformation policies to promote these technologies as they emerge into the marketplace are then described.

Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

202

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

203

Selecting windows for energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

New window technologies have increased energy benefits and comfort, and have provided more practical options for consumers. This selection guide will help homeowners, architects, and builders take advantage of the expanding window market. The guide contains three sections: an explanation of energy-related window characteristics, a discussion of window energy performance ratings, and a convenient checklist for window selection.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Secure Windows Dr. Bernd Borchert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secure Windows Dr. Bernd Borchert WSI für Informatik Univ. Tübingen #12;Problem: Trojans Server Windows" Server (encoding) Internet #12;Server (encoding) Internet Solution: ,,Secure Windows" #12;Server (encoding) Internet Solution: ,,Secure Windows" #12;Server (encoding) Internet Solution: ,,Secure Windows

Borchert, Bernd

205

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Subscribe to Windows...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subscribe to Windows Volume Purchase Event News and Updates to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Subscribe to Windows Volume Purchase Event News and...

206

Field Evaluation of Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Windows Evaluation of Windows Last Updated: 10/20/2009 Various tools can be used to evaluate windows in the field. Unless a new window still has the NFRC label attached to it, it is nearly impossible to determine by sight what the thermal and optical performance of a window is. These tools can provide information, such as low-e coating, gap width and gas fill, that can be used to approximate the performance of a window. Solar gain and Low-e detector This device can be used to determine if a low-e coating is present in the window, what type of coating it is, and where it is located. The type of low-e coating will indicate the amount of solar gain that is admitted through the coating. Readings can be "low", "medium" or "high". The device will also indicate on which glass surface the low-e coating is in relation to the position of the device. Limitations: Only works on glass of 1/8" (3 mm) or thinner. Cost: around $350 from EDTM.com

207

Collaborative Sharing of Windows between MacOS X, the X Window System and Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative Sharing of Windows between MacOS X, the X Window System and Windows Daniel Stødle This paper investigates how one best can share windows between many different computers in a collaborative application. We present an architecture of a system allowing windows on MacOS X to be shared with computers

Bjørndalen, John Markus

208

Left-over Windows Cause Window Clutter... But What Causes Left-over Windows?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Left-over Windows Cause Window Clutter... But What Causes Left-over Windows? Julie Wagner1 that they can return to later. However, users also struggle with window clutter, facing an increasing number of `left-over windows' that get in the way. Our goal is to understand how users create and cope with left

209

The Efficient Windows Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The Efficient Windows Collaborative (EWC) is a coalition of manufacturers, component suppliers, government agencies, research institutions, and others who partner to expand the market for energy efficient window products. Funded through a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy, the EWC provides education, communication and outreach in order to transform the residential window market to 70% energy efficient products by 2005. Implementation of the EWC is managed by the Alliance to Save Energy, with support from the University of Minnesota and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Petermann, Nils

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Storm Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

windows, and are available in a range of materials. If you have old windows in your home, replacing them with new, energy-efficient windows will most likely return your...

211

Tips: Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows Windows Tips: Windows June 18, 2012 - 9:43am Addthis Tips: Windows Windows can be one of your home's most attractive features. Windows provide views, daylighting, ventilation, and heat from the sun in the winter. Unfortunately, they can also account for 10% to 25% of your heating bill by letting heat out. During the summer, your air conditioner must work harder to cool hot air from sunny windows. Install ENERGY STAR®-qualified windows and use curtains and shade to give your air conditioner and energy bill a break. If your home has single-pane windows, consider replacing them with double-pane windows with high-performance glass-low-e or spectrally selective coatings. In colder climates, select gas-filled windows with low-e coatings to reduce heat loss. In warmer climates, select windows with

212

AIR LEAKAGE OF NEWLY INSTALLED RESIDENTIAL WINDOWS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through Sash/Frame Cracks . Window Operation Types . . . . .Window Operation Types . . . . .Air Leakage of Installed Windows Scattergram of Field

Weidt, John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Windows 7, Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. Older version of Microsoft Windows might work, but are not...

214

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Replacement Compare Annual Energy Costs for Replacement Windows in a Typical House Use the Window Selection Tool to compare the annual energy performance of different window...

215

6.2.285. OOF.Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Open or raise the Layer Editor window. OOF.Windows.Messages; OOF.Windows.OOF2 -- Raise the main OOF2 window. ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

216

Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Energy Systems Integration Advancement ofintegration issues related to using EC windows within a whole building energy efficient systemenergy- savings benefit with EC-daylighting-HVAC integration (assuming a conventional VAV system

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Windows as Luminaires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windows with low-e coatings have already captured a 35% market share in the U.S, with sales of 25 million square meters (270 million square feet) per year. Fig. 1 is based on a...

218

Laser having improved windows  

SciTech Connect

A discharge tube for a gaseous laser is terminated with windows made of crystalline quartz which do not fluoresce in the presence of high energy, visible and ultraviolet light radiation.

Alves, R.W.; Costich, V.R.

1976-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

219

Walls and Windows  

SciTech Connect

Energy travels in and out of a building through the walls and windows by means of conduction, convection, and radiation. The walls and windows, complex systems in themselves, are part of the overall building system. A wall system is composed of multiple layers that work in concert to provide shelter from the exterior weather. Wall systems vary in the degree to which they provide thermal resistance, moisture resistance, durability, and thermal storage. High tech windows are now available that can resist radiation heat transfer while still providing light and visibility. The combination of walls and windows within the building system can be adapted to meet a wide range of environmental conditions, recognizing that the best building envelope system for one climate may not be the first choice for another location.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Superconductive radiofrequency window assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a superconducting radiofrequency window assembly for use in an electron beam accelerator. The SRF window assembly has a superconducting metal-ceramic design. The SRF window assembly comprises a superconducting frame, a ceramic plate having a superconducting metallized area, and a superconducting eyelet for sealing plate into frame. The plate is brazed to eyelet which is then electron beam welded to frame. A method for providing a ceramic object mounted in a metal member to withstand cryogenic temperatures is also provided. The method involves a new metallization process for coating a selected area of a ceramic object with a thin film of a superconducting material. Finally, a method for assembling an electron beam accelerator cavity utilizing the SRF window assembly is provided. The procedure is carried out within an ultra clean room to minimize exposure to particulates which adversely affect the performance of the cavity within the electron beam accelerator. 11 figs.

Phillips, H.L.; Elliott, T.S.

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Superconducting radiofrequency window assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a superconducting radiofrequency window assembly for use in an electron beam accelerator. The srf window assembly has a superconducting metal-ceramic design. The srf window assembly comprises a superconducting frame, a ceramic plate having a superconducting metallized area, and a superconducting eyelet for sealing plate into frame. The plate is brazed to eyelet which is then electron beam welded to frame. A method for providing a ceramic object mounted in a metal member to withstand cryogenic temperatures is also provided. The method involves a new metallization process for coating a selected area of a ceramic object with a thin film of a superconducting material. Finally, a method for assembling an electron beam accelerator cavity utilizing the srf window assembly is provided. The procedure is carried out within an ultra clean room to minimize exposure to particulates which adversely affect the performance of the cavity within the electron beam accelerator. 11 figs.

Phillips, H.L.; Elliott, T.S.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

222

Seeing Windows Through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Seeing Windows Through A profusion of gases, glazings, and gap sizes are among the factors that confound efforts to measure the energy performance of a window or skylight. The increasing variety of efficiency-enhancing options for windows and their frames poses a formidable challenge to builders, utilities, code officials, and consumers. Fortunately, a new system for accurately rating and labeling these products promises to help demystify them and to foster nationwide improvements in energy efficiency. NFRC is Born Window trade groups have historically organized around specific materials or components (such as glass or frames), and energy has rarely been their focal point. This changed in 1989 with the formation of the National Fenestration Rating Council. One impetus behind the industry's

223

Windows with complex shading  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thermal properties MoWiTT measured system SHGC to check method The transmission of solar energy through a complicated system such as a window with a venetian blind andor...

224

Available Technologies: Superinsulated Commercial Window ...  

Superinsulated Commercial Window Framing System. IB-3155. APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Window and façade framing systems for non-residential building c ...

225

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cooling costs associated with windows while increasing occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problems. However, consumers are often confused about how to pick...

226

Windows Installation Notes for EXPGUI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a DOS window to run gsaskit.exe and an unzip program (for example Winzip) to unpack Tcl/Tk and EXPGUI. For newer versions of Windows, the ...

227

Window Daylighting Demo  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Daylighting Demo: Window Daylighting Demo: Accelerated Deployment of Daylighting and Shading Systems Stephen Selkowitz Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory seselkowitz@lbl.gov 510-486-5064 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Façade has large energy impacts. Cooling and lighting average ~ 40% of energy use in commercial buildings and often >50% in peak electric demand. * Many glazing/shading/daylighting options exist, but selecting the "best" solution is

228

Window Daylighting Demo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Daylighting Demo: Window Daylighting Demo: Accelerated Deployment of Daylighting and Shading Systems Stephen Selkowitz Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory seselkowitz@lbl.gov 510-486-5064 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Façade has large energy impacts. Cooling and lighting average ~ 40% of energy use in commercial buildings and often >50% in peak electric demand. * Many glazing/shading/daylighting options exist, but selecting the "best" solution is

229

Energy-efficient windows  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes energy efficient windows for the reduction of home heating and cooling energy consumption. It discusses controlling air leaks by caulking and weatherstripping and by replacing window frames. Reducing heat loss and condensation is discussed by describing the types of glazing materials, the number of glass and air spaces, frame and spacer materials, and the use of movable insulation (shutters, drapes, etc.). A resource list is provided for further information.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Delineating the conformal window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We identify and characterise the conformal window in gauge theories relevant for beyond the standard model building, e.g. Technicolour, using the criteria of metric confinement and causal analytic couplings, which are known to be consistent with the phase diagram of supersymmetric QCD from Seiberg duality. Using these criteria we find perturbation theory to be consistent throughout the predicted conformal window for several of these gauge theories and we discuss recent lattice results in the light of our findings.

Mads T. Frandsen; Thomas Pickup; Michael Teper

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

231

Stability windows for proto-quark stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the existence of possible stable strange matter and related stability windows at finite temperature for different models that are generally applied to describe quark stars, namely, the quark-mass density dependent model, the MIT bag model and the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We emphasize that, although the limits for stable strange matter depend on a comparison with the ground state of 56Fe, which is a zero temperature state, the quantity that has to be used in the search for strange matter in proto-quark stars is the free energy and we analyze stability windows up to temperatures of the order of 40 MeV. The effects of strong magnetic fields on stability windows are computed and the resulting mass-radius relations for different stages of the proto-quark star are analyzed.

V. Dexheimer; J. R. Torres; D. P. Menezes

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

Storm Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storm Windows Storm Windows Storm Windows June 18, 2012 - 8:20am Addthis An energy upgrade on this daycare center included interior storm windows because most of the windows are on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. An energy upgrade on this daycare center included interior storm windows because most of the windows are on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. Interior storm windows improved the energy efficiency of a daycare center with windows on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. Interior storm windows improved the energy efficiency of a daycare center with windows on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney,

233

Storm Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storm Windows Storm Windows Storm Windows June 18, 2012 - 8:20am Addthis An energy upgrade on this daycare center included interior storm windows because most of the windows are on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. An energy upgrade on this daycare center included interior storm windows because most of the windows are on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. Interior storm windows improved the energy efficiency of a daycare center with windows on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney, Synergistic Building Technologies. Interior storm windows improved the energy efficiency of a daycare center with windows on the north elevation. | Photo courtesy of Larry Kinney,

234

The End-Use Technology Assessment Project: A Load-Shape Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps and Good Cents Homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest is growing in end-use technology applications that promote overall energy efficiency through increased electricity use. This study will help utilities understand the impacts of such applications by providing load-shape information on ground source heat pumps as well as energy-efficient appliances promoted through Good Cents Homes programs. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Funders may download this report at http://my.primen.com/Applications/DE/Community/index...

1995-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

235

Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows October 13, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis John Lippert Windows connect us with the "great outdoors." They let in the light and the rays of the sun and can make even the smallest room seem bright and spacious. Operable windows let fresh air in and stale air out. Windows that are properly selected, well designed and constructed, and properly installed can make a world of difference to a home, helping it to be warm and cozy in the winter, and cool and comfortable in the summer. Yet windows have traditionally been the weak spot in the home's building envelope-that part of the house connected to the outdoors. They can be one of the leading sources of drafts, heat loss (or unwanted heat gain in

236

Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows Purchasing Energy-Efficient Windows October 13, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis John Lippert Windows connect us with the "great outdoors." They let in the light and the rays of the sun and can make even the smallest room seem bright and spacious. Operable windows let fresh air in and stale air out. Windows that are properly selected, well designed and constructed, and properly installed can make a world of difference to a home, helping it to be warm and cozy in the winter, and cool and comfortable in the summer. Yet windows have traditionally been the weak spot in the home's building envelope-that part of the house connected to the outdoors. They can be one of the leading sources of drafts, heat loss (or unwanted heat gain in

237

Hot Cell Window Shielding Analysis Using MCNP  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex nuclear facilities are undergoing a documented safety analysis upgrade. In conjunction with the upgrade effort, shielding analysis of the Fuel Conditioning Facility (FCF) hot cell windows has been conducted. This paper describes the shielding analysis methodology. Each 4-ft thick window uses nine glass slabs, an oil film between the slabs, numerous steel plates, and packed lead wool. Operations in the hot cell center on used nuclear fuel (UNF) processing. Prior to the shielding analysis, shield testing with a gamma ray source was conducted, and the windows were found to be very effective gamma shields. Despite these results, because the glass contained significant amounts of lead and little neutron absorbing material, some doubt lingered regarding the effectiveness of the windows in neutron shielding situations, such as during an accidental criticality. MCNP was selected as an analysis tool because it could model complicated geometry, and it could track gamma and neutron radiation. A bounding criticality source was developed based on the composition of the UNF. Additionally, a bounding gamma source was developed based on the fission product content of the UNF. Modeling the windows required field inspections and detailed examination of drawings and material specifications. Consistent with the shield testing results, MCNP results demonstrated that the shielding was very effective with respect to gamma radiation, and in addition, the analysis demonstrated that the shielding was also very effective during an accidental criticality.

Chad L. Pope; Wade W. Scates; J. Todd Taylor

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Windows: Technical paper with comments  

SciTech Connect

Functional requirements of windows are examined including window location; hardware design, operation, and placement; energy conservation needs; and egress requirements. Basic window styles and design characteristics are described. Problems confronting persons with disabilities are identified and recommendations are made on the development of minimum functional and safety specifications for windows.

Woods, W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Why packages? The Windows tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why packages? The Windows tools A sample package Going further Package Development in Windows from August 13, 2008; updated November 23, 2012 1 of 45 #12;Why packages? The Windows tools A sample of packages 2 The Windows tools The main tools Missing pieces Installing the tools 3 A sample package Getting

Murdoch, Duncan

240

Highly Insulating Windows - Fram  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frames Frames Research performed at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and LBNL has identified various highly insulating frame solutions. A report was released in 2007 describing some of these frames. This document reports the findings of a market and research review related to state-of-the-art highly insulating window frames. The market review focuses on window frames that satisfy the Passivhaus requirements (window U-value less or equal to 0.8 W/m2K ), while other examples are also given in order to show the variety of materials and solutions that may be used for constructing window frames with a low thermal transmittance (U-value). The market search shows that several combinations of materials are used in order to obtain window frames with a low U-value. The most common insulating material seems to be Polyurethane (PUR), which is used together with most of the common structural materials such as wood, aluminum, and PVC.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Measured Performance and Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps for Space Conditioning and for Water Heating in a Low-Energy Test House Operated under Simulated Occupancy Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present measured performance and efficiency metrics of Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) for space conditioning and for water heating connected to a horizontal ground heat exchanger (GHX) loop. The units were installed in a 345m2 (3700ft2) high-efficiency test house built with structural insulated panels (SIPs), operated under simulated occupancy conditions, and located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (USA) in US Climate Zone 4 . The paper describes distinctive features of the building envelope, ground loop, and equipment, and provides detailed monthly performance of the GSHP system. Space conditioning needs of the house were completely satisfied by a nominal 2-ton (7.0 kW) water-to-air GSHP (WA-GSHP) unit with almost no auxiliary heat usage. Recommendations for further improvement through engineering design changes are identified. The comprehensive set of data and analyses demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of GSHPs in residential applications and their potential to help achieve source energy and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets set under the IECC 2012 Standard.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 (7.2.29 -- December 29 2013) Release Notes Updated: 12/29/13 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2.29 (December 29, 2013) Program Changes Glazing System Shading System Details For shading system in a Glazing System Library construction, the emittances, conductance and TIR are not displayed, as they are only available after a calculation has been completed. Perforated Screens An input value for "Effective Openness Factor" has been added to the Shading Layer Library for perforated screens. At a future date, we will update the program to calculate this value automatically.

243

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deflection Modeling Deflection Modeling It is now possible to model the effects of glass deflection in WINDOW 7. Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library is where the deflection modeling input values are entered. When the "Model Deflection" box is checked, a Deflection input box appears. When the Glazing System is calculated, two rows of results, one for the undeflected state and one for the deflected state, appear for Center of Glass Results, Temperature Data and Angular data. In addition, a Deflection tab appears, which shows the deflection of each glass layer and the resulting gap width for each gap. Glazing System Deflect Input There are two options for defining the deflection in a glazing system, by choosing from the "Input" pulldown list:

244

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum Glazing Modeling Vacuum Glazing Modeling It is now possible to model vacuum glazing in WINDOW 7. The first step is to define a new vacuum "gap" in the "Gap Library" (formerly the Gas Library). Then that vacuum gap is used in a glazing system to calculate the thermal characteristics of the glazing system with a vacuum gap. Gap Library The Gas Library has been renamed the Gap Library. To define a vacuum gap, check the "Vacuum" checkbox (this is only available for single gases, not gas mixtures). When this box is checked, new input variables will appear, including the vacuum pressure, the specific heat ratio and molecular weight of the vacuum gas. It is also necessary to define a pillar system for the vacuum gap. Pillar Definition Double click the double arrow to the right of the Pillar Definition pulldown to define a new pillar system. Define the shape and dimensions of the pillar system.

245

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows NT CPU TYPE Pentium (a 133 MHz pentium will take about 40 seconds to perform a...

246

DOE-2 Input File From WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a DOE2 input file from WINDOW 5 Last update: 02012008 01:19 PM Creating a DOE-2 Input File for One Window In the WINDOW Window Library, which defines a complete window including...

247

Calcium fluoride window mounting  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed for joining a large calcium fluoride crystal to a stainless-steel flange by means of a silver transition ring. The process involves both vacuum brazing using a copper-silver alloy and air brazing using silver chloride. This paper describes the procedure used in fabricating a high-vacuum leak-tight calcium fluoride window assembly.

Berger, D.D.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Window To The Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Window To The Stars, a graphical user interface to the popular TWIN single/binary stellar evolution code, for novices, students and professional astrophysicists. It removes the drudgery associated with the traditional approach to running the code, while maintaining the power, output quality and flexibility a modern stellar evolutionist requires. It is currently being used for cutting edge research and interactive teaching.

Robert G. Izzard; Evert Glebbeek

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

249

Superconducting radiofrequency window assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a superconducting radiofrequency window assembly for use in an electron beam accelerator. The srf window assembly (20) has a superconducting metal-ceramic design. The srf window assembly (20) comprises a superconducting frame (30), a ceramic plate (40) having a superconducting metallized area, and a superconducting eyelet (50) for sealing plate (40) into frame (30). The plate (40) is brazed to eyelet (50) which is then electron beam welded to frame (30). A method for providing a ceramic object mounted in a metal member to withstand cryogenic temperatures is also provided. The method involves a new metallization process for coating a selected area of a ceramic object with a thin film of a superconducting material. Finally, a method for assembling an electron beam accelerator cavity utilizing the srf window assembly is provided. The procedure is carried out within an ultra clean room to minimize exposure to particulates which adversely affect the performance of the cavity within the electron beam accelerator.

Phillips, Harry L. (Seaford, VA); Elliott, Thomas S. (Yorktown, VA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Superconductive radiofrequency window assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a superconducting radiofrequency window assembly for use in an electron beam accelerator. The srf window assembly (20) has a superconducting metal-ceramic design. The srf window assembly (20) comprises a superconducting frame (30), a ceramic plate (40) having a superconducting metallized area, and a superconducting eyelet (50) for sealing plate (40) into frame (30). The plate (40) is brazed to eyelet (50) which is then electron beam welded to frame (30). A method for providing a ceramic object mounted in a metal member to withstand cryogenic temperatures is also provided. The method involves a new metallization process for coating a selected area of a ceramic object with a thin film of a superconducting material. Finally, a method for assembling an electron beam accelerator cavity utilizing the srf window assembly is provided. The procedure is carried out within an ultra clean room to minimize exposure to particulates which adversely affect the performance of the cavity within the electron beam accelerator.

Phillips, Harry Lawrence (Seaford, VA); Elliott, Thomas S. (Yorktown, VA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative YOUR GATEWAY TO INFORMATION ON HOW TO CHOOSE ENERGY-EFFICIENT RESIDENTIAL WINDOWS 101 Efficient Windows Collaborative (EWC) members have made a commitment to manufacture and promote energy-efficient windows. This site provides unbiased information on the benefits of energy-efficient windows, descriptions of how they work, and recommendations for their selection and use. Selecting Windows for New Construction Window Selection Tool Selection Process Design Guidance Installation Selecting Replacement Windows Window Selection Tool Assessing Replacement Options Selection Process Design Guidance Installation Understanding Windows Benefits of Energy Efficient Windows Design Considerations How to Measure Performance Window Technologies

252

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a copy of THERM 7 Beta Knowledge Base Release Notes Forum Documentation Get a copy of WINDOW 7.1 to accompany THERM 7 Beta -- NOTE: WINDOW 7.2 is not compatible with THERM 7.1....

253

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a copy of THERM 7 Beta Knowledge Base Release Notes Forum Documentation Get a copy of WINDOW 7.1 to accompany THERM 7 Beta -- NOTE: WINDOW 7.0 is not compatible with THERM 7.1....

254

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Radiance in WINDOW 7 beta August 3rd, 2012 Last Updated: 08032012 This package will add the capability to generate basic Radiance images from within WINDOW. You need to...

255

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release Notes Release Notes Updated: 11/07/11 History of COMFEN 3.1 Releases New Features Glazed Wall Assembly In addition to modeling individual windows, COMFEN now has the capability of modeling "Glazed Wall Assemblies" which allow you to specify the number of horizontal and vertical framing members, as well as their spacing, and the program automatically generates the facade. Click here for more details. Material Library COMFEN now has a Material Library, which can be used in the Wall Construction and Spandrel Libraries. See the User Manual for more details. Wall Library COMFEN now has a Wall Library which can be used to build up layers from the Material Library to define a wall. See the User Manual for more details. Spandrel Library COMFEN now has a Spandrel Library which can be used to build up layers from the Material Library to define a spandrel, including glass and glazing systems as the outer-most layers. See the User Manual for more details.

256

MEASUREMENTS THROUGH A HOT CELL WINDOW USING OPTICAL TOOLING  

SciTech Connect

S>Optical tooling has been evaluated for the measurement of physical dimensions of radioactive parts through hot cell windows. Instruments were set up outside of a four foot thick lead glass window and by means of a grid plate which had been accurately scribed, a ''contour map'' or calibration chart of the window variations was recorded. Although the window was not specially selected, the readings were within 1.0% of the true dimension without using correction factors. One of the calibration chart with the window reduced the error to plus or minus 0.1%. The method is considered feasible and sufficiently fast for a wide variety of hot cell measurements. A pin point light source is suggested as a simple check for selective assembly of lead glass laminates during manufacture of hot cell windows to provide control of optical properties. (auth)

Abbatiello, A.A.

1958-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

257

WinCuts: Manipulating Arbitrary Window Regions for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each window on our computer desktop provides a view into some information. Although users can currently manipulate multiple windows, we assert that being able to spatially arrange smaller regions of these windows could help users perform certain tasks more efficiently. In this paper, we describe a novel interaction technique that allows users to replicate arbitrary regions of existing windows into independent windows called WinCuts. Each WinCut is a live view of a region of the source window with which users can interact. We also present an extension that allows users to share WinCuts across multiple devices. Next, we classify the set of tasks for which WinCuts may be useful, both in single as well as multiple device scenarios. We present high level implementation details so that other researchers can replicate this work. And finally, we discuss future work that we will pursue in extending these ideas.

More Effective Use; Desney S. Tan; Brian Meyers; Mary Czerwinski

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Windows Installation Information for EXPGUI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in liveplot for example) can take 3-5 times longer in Windows than in ... display a plot, I get no plot (and possibly the DOS window disappears without ...

259

Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

260

Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

AttrActive Windows: Dynamic Windows for Digital Bulletin Boards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we describe AttrActive Windows, a novel interface for presenting live, interactive, multimedia content on a network of public, digital, bulletin boards. Implementing a paper flyer metaphor, AttrActive Windows are paper-like in appearance and are attached to a virtual corkboard by virtual pushpins. Windows can therefore appear in different orientations, creating an attractive, informal look. Attractive Windows can also have autonomous behaviors that are consistent with the corkboard metaphor, like fluttering in the wind. We describe the AttrActive Windows prototype, and offer the results of an initial evaluative user study.

Laurent Denoue; Les Nelson; Elizabeth Churchill

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A professor's life, simplified Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A professor's life, simplified Windows® 7 makes a professor's "technology life" easier. Now, using programs quickly. Windows Search finds virtually anything on your PC instantly­ files, photos, documents, even a buried e-mail. 2. Helps you get started faster Windows7 operating system is not tardy. It starts

Bernstein, Phil

263

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connect to LinkedIn Visit us on Facebook Visit us on Twitter Send Email Efficient Windows Collaborative New Construction Windows Window Selection Tool Selection Process Design...

264

Simulating Complex Window Systems using BSDF Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulating Complex Window Systems using BSDF Data MariaJune 2009 Simulating Complex Window Systems using BSDF Datathe performance of conventional window systems. Complex

Konstantoglou, Maria

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Window performance for human thermal comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Heat Transfer through Windows”. ASHRAE Transactions 93,Performance of Vinyl-framed Windows”. Proc. 5 th Conf. Onet al. 2003b, "Operable Windows, Personal Control & Occupant

Huizenga, C; Zhang, H.; Mattelaer, P.; Yu, T.; Arens, Edward A; Lyons, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Operable windows, personal control and occupant comfort.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE’s permission. Operable Windows, Personal Control, andcontrol of operable windows in naturally-ventilated officeences on the operation of windows in a naturally venti-

Brager, Gail; Paliaga, Gwelen; de Dear, Richard

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LaFrance. 2006. “Zero Energy Windows. ” Proceedings of the2003. “Future Advanced Windows for Zero-Energy Homes. ”and cooling energy use of windows in residential buildings—

Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Huang, Joe; Kohler, Christian; Mitchell, Robin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. Older version of Microsoft Windows might work, but are not supported. (The...

269

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Selection Tool: Existing Construction Windows The Window Selection Tool will take you through a series of design conditions pertaining to your design and location. It is a...

270

BT::Advancement of Electrochromic Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diagram showing a zoned window wall Diagram showing a zoned window wall Electrochromic windows in a bleached state (left) or colored state (right). This website provides...

271

Windows, Doors, & Skylights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows, Doors, & Skylights Windows, Doors, & Skylights Windows, Doors, & Skylights Windows affect home aesthetics as well as energy use. Learn more about energy-efficient windows. Windows affect home aesthetics as well as energy use. Learn more about energy-efficient windows. Energy-efficient windows, doors, and skylights-also known as fenestration-can help lower a home's heating, cooling, and lighting costs. Learn about the energy performance ratings to consider when selecting windows, doors, and skylights, and how to maximize their energy efficiency in your home. Featured Window Types A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto

272

Engineering hot-cell windows for radiation protection  

SciTech Connect

Radiation protection considerations in the design and construction of hot-cell windows are discussed. The importance of evaluating the potential gamma spectra and neutron source terms is stressed. 11 references. (ACR)

Ferguson, K.R.; Courtney, J.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Power Line Calculator for Windows[trademark  

SciTech Connect

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for Windows [trademark], version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates through a graphical user interface provided by Microsoft[reg sign] Windows [trademark] (version 3.1 or higher required), and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Sunlight Responsive Thermochromic Window System  

SciTech Connect

Pleotint has embarked on a novel approach with our Sunlight Responsive Thermochromic, SRT™, windows. We are integrating dynamic sunlight control, high insulation values and low solar heat gain together in a high performance window. The Pleotint SRT window is dynamic because it reversibly changes light transmission based on thermochromics activated directly by the heating effect of sunlight. We can achieve a window package with low solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC), a low U value and high insulation. At the same time our windows provide good daylighting. Our innovative window design offers architects and building designers the opportunity to choose their desired energy performance, excellent sound reduction, external pane can be self-cleaning, or a resistance to wind load, blasts, bullets or hurricanes. SRT windows would provide energy savings that are estimated at up to 30% over traditional window systems. Glass fabricators will be able to use existing equipment to make the SRT window while adding value and flexibility to the basic design. Glazing installers will have the ability to fit the windows with traditional methods without wires, power supplies and controllers. SRT windows can be retrofit into existing buildings,

Millett, F,A; Byker,H, J

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

275

WindowsMillenniumEdition (Me) Windows98/98SecondEdition(SE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WindowsMillenniumEdition (Me) Windows98/98SecondEdition(SE) Windows2000Professional WindowsXPHomeEdition WindowsXPProfessional Installation Guide Installing Nikon View 4 and Supporting Software Windows software (such as Cumulus) Mac OS Nikon D1 Nikon D1X Nikon D1H Windows Millennium Edition (Me) Windows 98

Kleinfeld, David

276

Window Interfaces: A Taxonomy of Window Manager User Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a taxonomy for the user-visible parts of window managers. It is interesting that there are actually very few significant differences, and the differences can be classified in a taxonomy with fairly limited branching. This taxonomy should be useful in evaluating the similarities and differences of various window managers, and it will also serve as a guide for the issues that need to be addressed by designers of future window manager user interfaces. The advantages and disadvantages of the various options are also presented. Since many modern window managers allow the user interface to be customized to a large degree, it is important to study the choices available. A window manager is a software package that helps the user monitor and control different contexts by separating them physically onto different parts of one or more display screens. At its simplest, a window manager provides many separate terminals on the same screen, each with its own connection to a time-sharing computer. At its most advanced, a window manager supports many different activities, each of which uses many windows, and each window, in turn, can contain many different kinds of information including text, graphics, and even video. Window managers are sometimes implemented as part of a computer’s operating system and sometimes as a server that can be used if desired. They September 1988 0272-1;1618810900-0065s0100 198R ltEE 65

Brad A. Myers

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Development of 6061-Aluminum Windows for the MICE LiquidAbsorber  

SciTech Connect

The thin windows for the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) liquid Absorber will be fabricated from 6061-T6-aluminum. The absorber and vacuum vessel thin windows are 300-mm in diameter and are 180 mm thick at the center. The windows are designed for an internal burst pressure of 0.68 MPa (100 psig) when warm. The MICE experiment design calls for changeable windows on the absorber, so a bolted window design was adopted. Welded windows offer some potential advantages over bolted windows when they are on the absorber itself. This report describes the bolted window and its seal. This report also describes an alternate window that is welded directly to the absorber body. The welded window design presented permits the weld to be ground off and re-welded. This report presents a thermal FEA analysis of the window seal-weld, while the window is being welded. Finally, the results of a test of a welded-window are presented.

Lau, W.; Yang, S.Q.; Green, M.A.; Ishimoto, S.; Swanson, J.

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

278

DOE-2 Input File From WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an EnergyPlus input file from WINDOW 5 Last update: 12232008 01:54 PM Creating an EnergyPlus Input File for One Window In the WINDOW Window Library, which defines a complete...

279

Energy Savings with Smart Window Technology  

• Window / façade manufacturer – Added value / higher margin • Construction company – Smart Window investment balanced by reduced ... Transport Vehicles

280

BSP 930 WINDOWS NT SECURITY CHECKLIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MICROSOFT WINDOWS NT 3.51/4.0 SECURITY CHECKLIST. Domain Name_____. ... 3.0, WINDOWS NT ACCOUNT POLICIES, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Image Windows - description of data types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... image, or RGB color image. cstack Stack of color (RGB) images. FRED (text) window; Dialog; (various) graphics windows.

282

Sources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOURCES Microsoft Corporation. "Gasohol," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2001, http:encarta.msn.com. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, A...

283

Windows 7 -käyttöjärjestelmän ominaisuudet, käyttö ja Windows XP -vertailu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tämän opinnäytetyön tutkimuskohteena oli Windows 7 -käyttöjärjestelmä. Sen ominaisuuksia ja käyttöä arvioitiin käyttäjän näkökulmasta. Lisäksi selvitettiin mm. asennusvaihtoehtoja, käyttöjärjestelmän versioiden eroja ja toimintoihin sekä so-velluksiin… (more)

Nevala, Jukka

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools Tools Looking for windows for a new home? Use the Window Selection Tool to compare annual energy performance for windows in new construction. Window Selection Tool Looking for replacement windows? Use the Window Selection Tool to compare annual energy performance for replacement windows. Window Selection Tool Window Selection Tool Use the Window Selection Tool for new or replacement windows to compare the annual energy performance of different window types and design conditions for a typical house. Find manufacturers who offer windows and skylights within the generic results shown. Learn more about manufacturers' specific product options. Use the Window Selection Tool to: Compare how various window or skylight types affect estimated energy cost for a typical house in your location.

285

Beam line windows at LAMPF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The A-6 main beam-line window at LAMPF separates the vacuum of the main beam line from the isotope production station, proton irradiation ports, and the beam stop, which operate in air. This window must withstand the design beam current of 1 mA at 800 MeV for periods of at least 3000 hours without failure. The window is water cooled and must be strong enough to withstand the 2.1 MPa (300 psig) cooling water pressure, as well as beam-induced thermal stresses. Two designs have been used to meet these goals, a stepped-plate window and a hemispherical window, both made from a precipitation-hardened nickel base alloy, Alloy 718. Calculations of the temperatures and stresses in each of these windows are presented.

Brown, R.D.; Grisham, D.L.; Lambert, J.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

WINDOW 5 Glass Library Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WINDOW 6 or 7 Glass Library Update WINDOW 6 or 7 Glass Library Update Last update:12/09/13 07:26 PM Automatic IGDB Update Feature in WINDOW 6 and 7 The latest versions of WINDOW 6 and 7 have an automatic IGDB database update function in the Glass Library. When you first open the program, it checks to see if there is an IGDB version later than what you already have installed, and will notify you if there is an update. Then you can download and install the IGDB database, and click on the Update IGDB button in the Glass Library in order to start the automatic update. For older versions of WINDOW 6 and 7 without the automatic IGDB update function bullet How to Check the Current WINDOW5 IGDB Version bullet Updating the Glass Library bullet Problem Updating the Glass Library bullet Discontinued Records or Reused NFRC IDs

287

Windows for energy efficient buildings  

SciTech Connect

Information is compiled and reviewed on energy efficient windows. The status, support organization, and descriptions of some research, development, demonstration, and applications program of energy efficient windows are presented. Information about contract opportunities and recently awarded contracts is included. New products, materials, components, patents, and legislation are summarized. Information on industry organizations, literature, publications, and reports is included. A matrix of numerical performance data of window thermal barriers is presented. (MCW)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Window treatments for cold climates  

SciTech Connect

Design considerations for various types of energy conserving window treatments to avoid condensation related maintenance problems are discussed. The window heat losses, dew point temperatures and allowable relative humidities at which condensation may occur on interior glass surfaces at an interior temperature of 65 DEGF (degrees Fahrenheit) and exterior temperatures from -50 to 30 DEGF were calculated by computer. Vapor pressures were also computed to show the importance of vapor (air) tight weather stripping and coverings for window treatments.

Carlson, A.R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Pre-Shot Simulations of Far-Field Ground Motions for the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Explosions at the Climax Stock, Nevada National Security Site  

SciTech Connect

The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) will involve a series of explosions in various geologic and emplacement conditions to validate numerical simulation methods to predict behavior of seismic wave excitation and propagation for nuclear test monitoring. The first SPE's currently underway involve explosions in the Climax Stock (granitic geology) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Detailed geologic data and published material properties for the major lithologic units of the NNSS and surrounding region were used to build three-dimensional models for seismic wave propagation simulations. The geologic structure near the SPE shot point is quite varied including granitic, carbonate, tuff and alluvium lithologies. We performed preliminary ground motion simulations for a near-source domain covering 8 km x 8 km at the surface centered on the shot point to investigate various source and propagation effects using WPP, LLNL's anelastic seismic wave finite difference code. Simulations indicate that variations in wave propagation properties of the sub-surface will generate strongly path-dependent response once the energy has left the relatively small granitic geology of the near-surface Climax Stock near the SPE shot point. Rough topography to the north and west of SPE shot point causes additional complexity in the signals including energy on the transverse components. Waves propagate much faster through the granitic and carbonate formations and slower through the tuff and alluvium. Synthetic seismograms for a pure explosion source in a 3D geologic structure show large amplitudes on transverse component. For paths to the south sampling the granite, tuff and alluvium lithologies transverse component amplitudes are as high as 50% of that on the vertical and radial components.

Rodgers, A J; Wagoner, J; Petersson, N A; Sjogreen, B

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selection Process for Replacement Windows Selection Process for Replacement Windows What are the benefits of energy-efficient windows? Energy & Cost Savings Improved Comfort Less Condensation Increased Light & View Reduced Fading Lower HVAC Costs How is window performance measured? U-factor Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Visible Transmittance Air Leakage Condensation Resistance Are there financing and incentive programs? Overview of Utility and State Programs Building Codes Energy Rating Programs 1. Assess Your Existing Windows Assess whether your windows should be repaired, retrofitted, or replaced. While most new windows have labels indicating their energy properties, such information is not often available for existing windows. Download Window Energy Efficiency Checklist for assistance. Window Replacement

291

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Ground Loop Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Loop Design Ground Loop Design logo Ground Loop Design is a versatile ground source heat pump system design program that helps the trained geothermal HVAC designerengineer...

292

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replacement Windows for Existing Homes Homes Replacement Windows for Existing Homes Homes Window Selection Tool Use the Window Selection Tool for existing homes (replacement windows) to compare performance of 20 different window types in your location. The Window Selection Tool will take you through a series of design conditions pertaining to your design and location. It is a step-by-step decision-making tool to help determine the most energy efficient window for your house. Window Selection Tool Assessing Options This section provides guidance the options available to improve the performance of your existing windows or to replace them. You can assess whether to repair, retrofit or replace your existing windows. Window Selection Process This section provides step-by-step guidance on the window selection process for replacement windows including issues of code, energy, durability, and installation.

293

Pre-shot simulations of far-field ground motion for the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Explosions at the Climax Stock, Nevada National Security Site: SPE2  

SciTech Connect

The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) is planning a 1000 kg (TNT equivalent) shot (SPE2) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in a granite borehole at a depth (canister centroid) of 45 meters. This shot follows an earlier shot of 100 kg in the same borehole at a depth 60 m. Surrounding the shotpoint is an extensive array of seismic sensors arrayed in 5 radial lines extending out 2 km to the north and east and approximately 10-15 to the south and west. Prior to SPE1, simulations using a finite difference code and a 3D numerical model based on the geologic setting were conducted, which predicted higher amplitudes to the south and east in the alluvium of Yucca Flat along with significant energy on the transverse components caused by scattering within the 3D volume along with some contribution by topographic scattering. Observations from the SPE1 shot largely confirmed these predictions although the ratio of transverse energy relative to the vertical and radial components was in general larger than predicted. A new set of simulations has been conducted for the upcoming SPE2 shot. These include improvements to the velocity model based on SPE1 observations as well as new capabilities added to the simulation code. The most significant is the addition of a new source model within the finite difference code by using the predicted ground velocities from a hydrodynamic code (GEODYN) as driving condition on the boundaries of a cube embedded within WPP which provides a more sophisticated source modeling capability linked directly to source site materials (e.g. granite) and type and size of source. Two sets of SPE2 simulations are conducted, one with a GEODYN source and 3D complex media (no topography node spacing of 5 m) and one with a standard isotropic pre-defined time function (3D complex media with topography, node spacing of 5 m). Results were provided as time series at specific points corresponding to sensor locations for both translational (x,y,z) and rotational components. Estimates of spectral scaling for SPE2 are provided using a modified version of the Mueller-Murphy model. An estimate of expected aftershock probabilities were also provided, based on the methodology of Ford and Walter, [2010].

Mellors, R J; Rodgers, A; Walter, W; Ford, S; Xu, H; Matzel, E; Myers, S; Petersson, N A; Sjogreen, B; Hauk, T; Wagoner, J

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

294

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.2 Windows  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Residential Prime Window Sales, by Frame Type (Million Units) (1) New Construction 1990 1995 2000 2005 2007 2009 Remodeling/Replacement 1990 1995 2000 2005 2007 2009 Total Construction 1990 1995 2000 2005 2007 2009 Note(s): Source(s): AAMA, Industry Statistical Review and Forecast 1992, 1993 for Note 2; AAMA/NWWDA, Industry Statistical Review and Forecast 1996, 1997, Table 6, p. 6 for 1990; AAMA/WDMA, 2000 AAMA/WDMA Industry Statistical Review and Forecast, Feb. 2001, p. 6 for 1995; 2003 AAMA/WDMA Industry Statistical Review and Forecast, June 2004, p. 6 for 2000 and 2003; and LBNL, Savings from Energy Efficient Windows, Apr. 1993, p. 6 for window life span; AAMA/WDMA, Study of U.S. Market For Windows, Doors, and Skylights, Apr. 2006, p. 41 for 2005; AAMA/WDMA, U.S. Industry Statistical Review and

295

Interim procedure to measure the thermal performance of window systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the report is to review the current sources of information on U-values and to describe the state of thermal test methods used for windows in order to provide the Bonneville Power Administration with some general guidelines in the application of thermal test data for use in the Model Conservation Standards (MCS) by the Northwest Power Planning Council. At present, considerable controversy exists in the window industry regarding the thermal testing of windows, therefore no consensus-based standards are available.

McCabe, M.E.; Goss, W.P.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and spacer effects on window U- value. ASHRAE Transactions,Enermodal. (2001). Modelling Windows, Glass Doors and OtherA. (2001). Heat transfer in window frames with internal

Gustavsen, Arild

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Ring Ring Oy -yrityksen Windows XP -käyttöjärjestelmästä siirtyminen Windows 7 -käyttöjärjestelmään ja ylläpidon näkökulma.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli selvittää millä tapaa Windows XP -käyttöjärjestelmä eroaa Windows 7 -käyttöjärjestelmästä ylläpidon näkökulmasta. Selvitys pohjautuu toimeksiantajan toiveeseen saada lisää tietoa Windows 7 -käyttöjärjestelmän… (more)

Ritala, Ilkka

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Thermally insulated windows and doors  

SciTech Connect

Complete thermal insulation of metal rails and stiles in vertically or horizontally sliding or rolling windows or doors is provided by including in the frame thereof centered rigid plastic shapes which extend between panels of the windows or doors. All rails and stiles of each panel are thereby exposed only to either interior or exterior ambient temperatures.

Schmidt, D.F.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Window Strategy with Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The window strategy is one of several marketing strategies using futures and options to establish a floor price and allow for upside price potential. It also reduces option premium costs. This publication discusses how the window strategy works and when to use it.

McCorkle, Dean; Amosson, Stephen H.; Fausett, Marvin

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

300

Window Functions for CMB Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the applicability and derivation of window functions for cosmic microwave background experiments on large and intermediate angular scales. These window functions describe the response of the experiment to power in a particular mode of the fluctuation spectrum. We give general formulae, illustrated with specific examples, for the most common observing strategies.

Martin White; Mark Srednicki

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Applicability of Related Data, Algorithms, and Models to the Simulation of Ground-Coupled Residential Hot Water Piping in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Length Design for Ground Source Heat Pumps. ” InternationalClosed-Loop/Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems Installationon Closed-Loop Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems. ” ASHRAE

Warner, J.L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Tokamak physics experiment: Diagnostic windows study  

SciTech Connect

We detail the study of diagnostic windows and window thermal stress remediation in the long-pulse, high-power Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) operation. The operating environment of the TPX diagnostic windows is reviewed, thermal loads on the windows estimated, and cooling requirements for the windows considered. Applicable window-cooling technology from other fields is reviewed and its application to the TPX windows considered. Methods for TPX window thermal conditioning are recommended, with some discussion of potential implementation problems provided. Recommendations for further research and development work to ensure performance of windows in the TPX system are presented.

Merrigan, M.; Wurden, G.A.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Window solar heating unit  

SciTech Connect

The unit may be mounted either in a window or between the studs of a building that is to be supplied with solar heat. The bottom of the unit extends farther from the building than the top and is wider than the top of the unit such that the transparent side away from the building has an arcuate form and is gradually flared outwardly in a downward direction to increase the exposure to the sun during the day. A plurality of absorptive tubes within the unit are slanted from the upper portion of the unit downwardly and outwardly to the front arcuate portion of the bottom. Openings between the unit and the building are provided for air flow, and a thermostatically controlled fan is mounted in one of the openings. A baffle is mounted between the absorptive tubes and the mounting side of the solar heating unit, and the surfaces of the baffle and the absorptive tubes are painted a dull black for absorbing heat transmitted from the sun through the transparent, slanting side.

Davis, E.J.

1978-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mechanical and thermal analysis of beryllium windows for RF cavities in a muon cooling channel  

SciTech Connect

Thin beryllium windows (foils) may be utilized to increase shunt impedance of closed-cell RF cavities. These windows are subject to ohmic heating from RF currents. The resulting temperature gradients in the windows can produce out of plane displacements that detune the cavity frequency. The window displacement can be reduced or eliminated by pre-stressing the foils in tension. Because of possible variations during manufacture, it is important to quantify the actual prestress of a Be window before it is put into service. We present the thermal and mechanical analyses of such windows under typical operating conditions and describe a simple non-destructive means to quantify the pre-stress using the acoustic signature of a window. Using finite element analysis, thin plate theory and physical measurements of the vibration modes of a window we attempted to characterize the actual Be window pre-stress in a small number of commercially sourced windows (30% of yield strength is typical). This method can be used for any window material and size, but this study focused on 16 cm diameter Be Windows ranging in thickness from 125 microns to 508 microns and with varying pre-stresses. The method can be used to nondestructively test future Be windows for the desired prestress.

Li, Derun; Ladran, A.; Lozano, D.; Rimmer, R.

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

305

Windows Vista Step by Step Deluxe Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The smart way to learn Windows Vista one step at a time! Updated with expanded coverage, this deluxe edition covers all of the latest Windows Vista features. You ll discover the smartest ways to stay organized with Windows Mail, Windows Contact, Windows ...

Joyce Cox; Joan Preppernau

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.0 7.0 Last Updated: 05/20/2013 EN 673 / ISO 10077 Using WINDOW 7 and THERM 7 for EN 673 / ISO 10077 Calculations If you are interested in using WINDOW and THERM for EN 673 / ISO 10077 calculations, we have added that option to WINDOW 7. The calculation is not fully automated in the program yet, so there are many steps and a spreadsheet for the final calculation. We are interested in feedback (email WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov) about the process and the results from anyone who tests this feature. CAUTION: Do not model shading systems with the EN 673 thermal model. The program will produce results but they will most likely not be correct. Download this zip file (EN673.zip) which contains the following: Description of how to use WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 for the EN 673 / ISO 10077 calculations (PDF file)

307

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Last Updated: 12/29/2013 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2 (7.2.29) (12/29/2013) Release Notes -- Please read these before running this version ! This version contains these new modeling features Honeycomb shades Dynamic Glazing (Thermochromic and Electrochromic) This version is compatible with THERM 7.1 Please send us emails as you find issues in the program -- that is the only way that we can make it more robust. We hope to iterate versions fairly quickly in the next month or so to get the bugs ironed out. Radiance for WINDOW 7 Get a copy of Radiance for WINDOW 7.2 Must be used with WINDOW 7.0.59 or later

308

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.3 Knowledge Base 6.3 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:11/04/13 01:16 PM Download WINDOW 6.3 Send feedback via email to WindowHelp@lbl.gov. Also as bugs and comments are submitted by testers, the will be posted on this Knowledge Base, so check here for the latest information about the program. CONTENTS INSTALLATION KNOWN BUGS ** Operating Systems -- Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** Environmental Conditions -- Kimura convection model not working Locked Files with Install/De-install Environmental Conditions -- Fixed Combined Coefficient Bug Installation Problems Error Message during Calc due to decimal point of "," Minimum computer requirements Importing THERM file into WINDOW generates "Unnamed file has a bad format" error message

309

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Last Updated: 06262013 Complex Glazing System Modeling WINDOW 6.3 can be used to model complex glazing systems, in particular venetian blinds and roller shades (although not for...

310

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.1 (7.1.73) (8302013) Release Notes -- Please read these before running this...

311

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Version Fixes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

opening an optics db as a W5 db 748 energy plus reports working properly for windows with 2 glazing systems 742 eliminated a memory leak related to Therm temperature...

312

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Control Window Film Solar Control Window Film Window Attachments For detailed information on storm windows and other window attachments, visit www.windowattachments.org exit disclaimer , a site supported by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Building Green, and the U.S. Department of Energy. DOE's Energy Savers You can improve the energy efficiency of existing windows by applying a film. High-Reflectivity Window Films exit disclaimer International Window Film Association For more information on window film, check the Window Film Information Center exit disclaimer . Solar control window film reduces solar heat gain by reflection and absorption. As they also block solar heat gain in winter months, these films are ideal for cooling-dominated climates. Window films can be tinted

313

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storm Windows Storm Windows Window Attachments For detailed information on storm windows and other window attachments, visit www.windowattachments.org exit disclaimer , a site supported by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Building Green, and the U.S. Department of Energy. DOE's Energy Savers You can improve the energy efficiency of existing windows by adding interior or exterior storm panels. Storm Window Panels exit disclaimer Storm windows can reduce the air leakage and improve the insulating value of existing windows. They can be installed on the interior or exterior side of windows, and can be mounted permanently or for seasonal use. Interior storm windows can be more easily installed and removed for ventilation or cleaning. Storm windows can reduce air leakage. However, it is important that humid

314

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Utilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and mixed climates, R-5 windows on average reduce window heat loss by 40% and overall space conditioning costs by 10% relative to common ENERGY STAR windows. Promotion of high...

315

A Review of Electrochromic Window Performance Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0.30. The electrochromic windows were controlled to maintainSelkowitz, Solar Energy Mater. 22 (1991) 1. 2. Windows andDaylighting Group, “Window 3.1, A PC Program for Analyzing

Selkowitz Ed, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF MANAGED WINDOW SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERFORMANCE OF MANAGED WINDOW SYSTEMS S. E. Selkowitz and V.York, N.Y. , (1971). Windows for Energy Efficient Buildings,thermal performance of a window system are its overall heat

Selkowitz, S. E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.  (2002).  Operable windows and  HVAC systems.  HPAC Simulation of the effects of window opening and heating Dear, R.  (2004).  Operable Windows, Personal Control and 

Ackerly, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

AN ENERGY EFFICIENT WINDOW SYSTEM FINAL REPORT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. . .installed I. Prime windows -Residential -Mobile homesStorm wi ndows - 9.4 window area (in William M. Bethkeestimates ass consumption and window units. Table 9 B. Non-

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Window Signaling Systems: Control Strategies & Occupant Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and L.M Parkins. 1984. “Window-Opening Behavior in OfficeOccupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems," CBEDaly, A. 2002. “Operable windows and HVAC systems. ” HPAC

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF INSULATING WINDOW SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERFORMANCE VALUES FOR SEVERAL WINDOW DESIGNS XBL 796-10098IN MINNEAPOLIS AS A FUNCTION OF WINDOW AREA AND GLAZING/Thermal Performance of Insulating Window Systems Stephen E.

Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building with no windows) Figure 3 – Washington DC: Lines ofbuilding with no windows) Figure 8 – Washington DC: Lines ofdynamic window. U-factor [W/(m^2-K)] Washington DC -

Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Huang, Joe; Kohler, Christian; Mitchell, Robin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

High Performance Solar Control Office Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Control Office Windows William King December 1977 C'eSOLAR CONTROL OFFICE WINDOWS Wm. J. King KINETIC COATINGS,R. Berman. Consultation on window characteristics and aid in

King, William J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Window Use in Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Literature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exhaust! functions! of! windows! Automated'operable'window'to! view8 level! windows. ! Multiwindow''Single'zone'air'conditioning' Window! or! wall! AC! units,!

Ackerly, Katie; Baker, Lindsay; Brager, Gail

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tips: Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

high-performance glass-low-e or spectrally selective coatings. In colder climates, select gas-filled windows with low-e coatings to reduce heat loss. In warmer climates, select...

325

Thermal insulation of window glass  

SciTech Connect

The thermal insulation of window glass can be increased by a factor of two using spray-on semiconductive SnO/sub 2/: Sb or IN/sub 2/O/sub 3/: Sn coatings. (auth)

Sievers, A.J.

1973-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Window Programming in DFKI Oz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes how to do window programming in DFKI Oz. The DFKI Oz window interface is based on the Tk toolkit which in turn is based on the script language Tcl. It provides a high level abstraction of Tk widgets allowing for objectoriented and concurrent window programming. A generic translation scheme from Oz values to Tcl/Tk commands provides for minimality and flexibility on the Oz side. The Tcl/Tk interface is implemented in Oz using the open programming facilities and is an example of how to connect an external and sequential agent to Oz. Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Crash Course to Window Programming 3 2.1 Widget creation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.2 Widget hierarchy : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 4 2.3 Tickles and Tcl/Tk commands : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 5 2.4 Geometry management : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 7 2.5 Invoking widget commands : : : : : : : : : : : : ...

Michael Mehl

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Window-closing safety system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A safety device includes a wire loop embedded in the glass of a passenger car window and routed near the closing leading-edge of the window. The wire loop carries microwave pulses around the loop to and from a transceiver with separate output and input ports. An evanescent field only an inch or two in radius is created along the wire loop by the pulses. Just about any object coming within the evanescent field will dramatically reduce the energy of the microwave pulses received back by the transceiver. Such a loss in energy is interpreted as a closing area blockage, and electrical interlocks are provided to halt or reverse a power window motor that is actively trying to close the window. 5 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

328

Window-closing safety system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A safety device includes a wire loop embedded in the glass of a passenger car window and routed near the closing leading-edge of the window. The wire loop carries microwave pulses around the loop to and from a transceiver with separate output and input ports. An evanescent field only and inch or two in radius is created along the wire loop by the pulses. Just about any object coming within the evanescent field will dramatically reduce the energy of the microwave pulses received back by the transceiver. Such a loss in energy is interpreted as a closing area blockage, and electrical interlocks are provided to halt or reverse a power window motor that is actively trying to close the window.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a problem with the software) Documentation Future Work Tutorials Two-Dimensional Building Heat-Transfer Modeling THERM is a state-of-the-art, Microsoft Windows-based computer...

330

----Google File System Windows IT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Essential ---- Google File System web Windows IT Google IT Google Google File System Google File System Datebase Google Google " " Goolge Goolge Google Google Goolge Google ()(,) Google ...... Google IT Google Google Google Google Google "Google " Google 10

331

Building Mathematics via Theorem Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical model with singularities triplets is condisered. How life functions via mechanism which is built from what we call theorem windows we are trying to imagine and to model. Key words: singularities, quantum mechanics, life, reference system of life

Dainis Zeps

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows Title Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number...

333

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for your climate; additionally, the Window Selection Tool compares average simulated energy costs for your location based on various window types. The SHGC is the fraction of...

334

Windows 8 : Uudet ominaisuudet ja muutokset.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tämä opinnäytetyö esittelee Microsoft Windows 8 -käyttöjärjestelmän uusia ominaisuuksia ja parannuksia Microsoftin edellisiin käyttöjärjestelmiin. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on hahmottaa Windows 8 -käyttöjärjestelmän näkyvimpiä udistuksia ja sitä,… (more)

Ylioja, Ilkka-Aleksi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Brand Font Installation Guide Windows XP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brand Font Installation Guide Windows XP Before starting ­ make sure to the specific font folder ­ when Windows detects installable font files, they will show

Stuart, Steven J.

336

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frame Types - Metal Frames Metal Frames Aluminum Aluminum window frames are light, strong, durable, and easily extruded into the complex shapes required for window parts. Aluminum...

337

TMS PostScript Instruction: Microsoft Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Please note that these instructions were built using Microsoft Windows 2000 ... This guide is designed to help authors using the Windows operating system to ...

338

Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume Purchase to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume Purchase on Facebook...

339

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Builders to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders on...

340

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Manufacturers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Manufacturers to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Manufacturers on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events on Twitter Bookmark High...

342

VisVIP: Installation Instructions for Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Windows version of VisVIP comes with three sets of sample data, which ... sites using the "Load Site" button at the bottom of the control window. ...

343

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News on Twitter Bookmark High...

344

Closing the light gluino window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The running of the strong coupling constant, $R_{e^+e^-},R_Z$ and $R_\\tau$ is studied on the three-loop level. Based on experimental data of $R_{e^+e^-},R_Z$ and $R_\\tau$ and the LEP multijet analysis, the light gluino scenario is excluded to 99.97% CL (window I) and 99.89% CL (window III).

Ferenc Csikor; Zoltan Fodor

1997-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

345

Importance-driven compositing window management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present importance-driven compositing window management, which considers windows not only as basic rectangular shapes but also integrates the importance of the windows ’ content using a bottom-up visual attention model. Based on this information, importance-driven compositing optimizes the spatial window layout for maximum visibility and interactivity of occluded content in combination with see-through windows. We employ this technique for emerging window manager functions to minimize information overlap caused by popping up windows or floating toolbars and to improve the access to occluded window content. An initial user study indicates that our technique provides a more effective and satisfactory access to occluded information than the well-adopted Alt+Tab window switching technique and see-through windows without optimized spatial layout. Author Keywords compositing window management, visual saliency, space

Manuela Waldner; Markus Steinberger; Raphael Grasset; Dieter Schmalstieg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Apparatus for preventing particle deposition from process streams on optical access windows  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrostatic precipitator is disposed inside and around the periphery of the window of a viewing port communicating with a housing through which a particle-laden gas stream is being passed. The precipitator includes a pair of electrodes around the periphery of the window, spaced apart and connected to a unidirectional voltage source. Application of high voltage from the source to the electrodes causes air molecules in the gas stream to become ionized, attaching to solid particles and causing them to be deposited on a collector electrode. This prevents the particles from being deposited on the window and keeps the window clean for viewing and making optical measurements.

Logan, Ronald G. (Fredericksburg, VA); Grimm, Ulrich (Morgantown, WV)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Technologies: Operator Types Window Technologies: Operator Types Window Sash Operation When you select a window, there are numerous operating types to consider. Traditional operable window types include the projected or hinged types such as casement, awning, and hopper, and the sliding types such as double- and single-hung and horizontal sliding. In addition, the window market includes fixed windows, storm windows, sliding and swinging patio doors, skylights and roof windows, and window systems that can be added to a house to create bay or bow windows, miniature greenhouses, or full sun rooms. Looking for information on skylights? More information on skylights, light tubes, and their installation can be found here. Casement Casement windows are hinged at the sides. Hinged windows such as casements generally have lower air leakage rates than sliding windows from the same manufacturer because the sash closes by pressing against the frame. Casement windows project outward, providing significantly better ventilation than sliders of equal size. Because the sash protrudes from the plane of the wall, it can be controlled to catch passing breezes, but screens must be placed on the interior side. Virtually the entire casement window area can be opened, while sliders are limited to less than half of the window area. Casement

348

Measurements of volatile organic compounds at a suburban ground site (T1) in Mexico City during the MILAGRO 2006 campaign: Measurement comparison, emission ratios, and source attribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volatile organic compound (VOC) mixing ratios were measured with two different instruments at the T1 ground site in Mexico City during the Megacity Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations (MILAGRO) campaign in March of 2006. A gas chromatograph with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) quantified 18 light alkanes, alkenes and acetylene while a proton-transfer-reaction ion-trap mass spectrometer (PIT-MS) quantified 12 VOC species including oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) and aromatics. A GC separation system was used in conjunction with the PIT-MS (GC-PIT-MS) to evaluate PIT-MS measurements and to aid in the identification of unknown VOCs. The VOC measurements are also compared to simultaneous canister samples and to two independent proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometers (PTR-MS) deployed on a mobile and an airborne platform during MILAGRO. VOC diurnal cycles demonstrate the large influence of vehicle traffic and liquid propane gas (LPG) emissions during the night and photochemical processing during the afternoon. Emission ratios for VOCs and OVOCs relative to CO are derived from early-morning measurements. Average emission ratios for non-oxygenated species relative to CO are on average a factor of {approx}2 higher than measured for US cities. Emission ratios for OVOCs are estimated and compared to literature values the northeastern US and to tunnel studies in California. Positive matrix factorization analysis (PMF) is used to provide insight into VOC sources and processing. Three PMF factors were distinguished by the analysis including the emissions from vehicles, the use of liquid propane gas and the production of secondary VOCs + long-lived species. Emission ratios to CO calculated from the results of PMF analysis are compared to emission ratios calculated directly from measurements. The total PIT-MS signal is summed to estimate the fraction of identified versus unidentified VOC species.

Bon, D.M.; Springston, S.; M.Ulbrich, I.; de Gouw, J. A.; Warneke, C.; Kuster, W. C.; Alexander, M. L.; Baker, A.; Beyersdorf, A. J.; Blake, D.; Fall, R.; Jimenez, J. L., Herndon, S. C.; Huey, L. G.; Knighton, W. B.; Ortega, J.; Vargas, O.

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

349

Windows and daylighting: A brighter outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an overview of energy efficient window glazing and framing technology. The topics of the report include: windows and energy use, a point of view; a challenging federal opportunity; DOE window research; advanced optical technologies such as spectrally selective glazing, switchable glazing, super windows with low-emissivity coatings and noble gas fills; and performance evaluation and design tools.

Not Available

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

UConnect Wireless Connection Windows 7 Configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UConnect Wireless Connection Windows 7 Configuration page 1 revised February, 2012 Configuring a UConnect Wireless Connection on Windows 7 1. Open the Network and Sharing Center a. Click the Windows icon screen, select Network and Sharing Center. #12;UConnect Wireless Connection Windows 7 Configuration page

Provancher, William

351

User Experience Design Guidelines for Windows Phone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User Experience Design Guidelines for Windows Phone The UI Design and Interaction Guide for Windows superseded by the User Experience Design Guidelines for Windows Phone on MSDN ® . There are six parts to the new guidelines: 1. The Windows Phone Platform: Takes a brief look at the types of applications

Narasayya, Vivek

352

Windows Server AppFabric provides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows Server AppFabric provides benefits in three key areas: Faster Web Apps Windows Server App that works with current ASP.Net applications. Simplified Composite Apps Windows Server AppFabric simplifies (benefits often associated with the cloud) with the help of Windows Server AppFabric. These, and countless

Narasayya, Vivek

353

Ground Motion Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators November 6 - 9, 2000 SLAC Coordinators: Andrei Seryi & Tor Raubenheimer Proceedings Updated June 26, 2001 Agenda and Presentations Workshop photos Summaries Useful links Poster Goals Introduction to the problems Structure Registration Registered participants Committees Location, Accommodations and Travel Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators A workshop was held at SLAC that was devoted to ground motion and its effects on future accelerators. Ground motion and vibration can be a limiting effect in synchrotron light sources, hadron circular colliders, and electron/positron linear colliders. Over the last several years, there has been significant progress in the understanding of the ground motion and its effects, however, there are

354

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Windows Understanding Windows Benefits of Energy Efficient Windows The purpose for windows is to provide natural light, natural ventilation, and views to the outside. The benefits of high performance windows allows for Energy & Cost Savings, Improved Comfort, Less Condensation, Increased Light & View, Reduced Fading, and Lower HVAC Costs. Benefits of Energy Efficient Windows Design Considerations Windows are a complex and interesting element in residential design. New window products and technologies have changed the performance of windows in a radical way. Issues such as climate, orientation, shading, and window area all effect the energy performance, but human factor issues such as access to fresh air, daylight, and natural views impact the comfort of a home.

355

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Performance: Air Leakage (AL) Measuring Performance: Air Leakage (AL) Is my window leaking air? The Air Leakage (AL) rating pertains to leakage through the window assembly itself. Air infiltration can also occur around the frame of the window due to poor installation or poor maintenance of existing window systems. Make sure windows are properly installed and maintained (caulking and weatherstripping). Cold glass can create uncomfortable drafts as air next to the window is cooled and drops to the floor. This is not a result of air leaking through or around the window assembly but from a convective loop created when next to a window is cooled and drops to the floor. This air movement can be avoided by installing high-performance windows. Heat loss and gain occur by infiltration through cracks in the window

356

Thermo-mechanical failure criteria for x-ray windows and filters and comparison with experiments  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron x-ray windows are vacuum separators and are usually made of thin beryllium metal. Filters are provided upstream of the window to filter out the soft x-rays to protect the window from overheating and failing. The filters are made of thin carbon products or sometimes beryllium, the same material as the window. Because the window is a vacuum separator, understanding its potential structural failure under thermal load is very important. Current structural failure models for the brazed windows and filters under thermal stresses are not very accurate. Existing models have been carefully examined and found to be inconsistent with the actual failure modes of windows tested. Due to the thinness of the filter/window, the most likely failure mode is thermal buckling. In fact, recent synchrotron tests conducted in Japan on window failures bear out this position. In this paper, failure criteria for filters/windows are proposed, and analyses are performed and compared with the experimental results from various sources. A consistent result is found between the analysis and reported experiments. A series of additional analyses based on the proposed failure criteria is also carried out for filter and window designs for the third generation synchrotron beamline front ends. Comparative results are presented here.

Wang, Z.; Kuzay, T.M.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Energy Savings from Window Attachments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from from Window Attachments October 2013 Prepared for: Building Technologies Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 2013 Prepared for: Building Technologies Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, MS 90R3111 Berkeley, CA 94720 Authors: D. Charlie Curcija Mehry Yazdanian Christian Kohler Robert Hart Robin Mitchell Simon Vidanovic 1 ENERGY SAVINGS FROM WINDOW ATTACHMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS: TABLE OF CONTENTS:................................................................................................... 1 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................... 3

358

Energy Savings from Window Attachments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from from Window Attachments October 2013 Prepared for: Building Technologies Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 2013 Prepared for: Building Technologies Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, MS 90R3111 Berkeley, CA 94720 Authors: D. Charlie Curcija Mehry Yazdanian Christian Kohler Robert Hart Robin Mitchell Simon Vidanovic 1 ENERGY SAVINGS FROM WINDOW ATTACHMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS: TABLE OF CONTENTS:................................................................................................... 1 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................... 3

359

Grounding intentionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I argue that current attempts to ground intentionality face one of two challenges. Either the grounding feature of intentionality will be itself intentional or the grounding feature is disparate in nature from the representational capacity of an intentional mental state and therefore no connection between the two can be taken to exist. I examine two current accounts of intentionality and the features they utilize to ground it. I maintain that both views fall prey to one or both of the objections I raise. I conclude that any account of intentionality will need to meet both of these challenges in order to be counted successful.

Huizenga Steven R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.2 Windows  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 2005 Residential Prime Window Stock (Million Households) Double Pane Census Division New England 5.3 Middle Atlantic 15.0 East North Central 17.3 West North Central 7.7 South Atlantic 21.3 East South Central 6.8 West South Central 12.1 Mountain 7.3 Pacific 16.4 United States 109.2 Selected States New York 7.0 Florida 6.7 Texas 7.6 California 12.0 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Respondents were shown pictures of different types of window glass and were asked "Which picture best describes the type of glass in the windows of your home/apartment?" 2) An additional 1.3 million households not counted here use other types of windows such as triple-pane windows. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Tables HC 11.5, HC 12.5, HC 13.5, HC 14.5, and HC 15.5, April 2008. 5.1 2.5

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Design and Test of a 100MW X Band TE01 Window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is in progress on a TeV-scale linear collider that will operate at 5-10 times the energy of present generation accelerators. This will require development of high power X-Band sources generating 50-100 MW per source. Conventional pillbox window designs are capable of transmitting peak rf powers up to about 30 MW, well below the desired level required for the use of a single window per tube. SLAC has developed a 75 MW TE{sub 01} window [1] that uses a 'traveling wave' design to minimize fields at the window face. Irises match to the dielectric window impedance, resulting in a pure traveling wave in the ceramic and minimum fields on the window face. The use of the TE{sub 01} mode also has zero electric field on the braze fillet. Unfortunately, in-band resonances prevented this window design from achieving the desired 75MW power level. It was believed the resonances resulted from sudden steps in the circular guide to match the 38mm input diameter to the overmoded (TE{sub 01} and TE{sub 02} mode propagating) 65 mm diameter of the window ceramic. Calabazas Creek Research Inc. is currently developing a traveling wave window using compact, numerically optimized, parabolic tapers to match the input diameter of 38mm to the window ceramic diameter of 76mm (Figure 1). The design is projected to handle 100 MW of pulse power with a peak field at the window face of 3.6 MV/m. Cold test of the window has shown the return loss to be better than -25 dB over a 100 MHz bandwidth and to be resonance free (Figure 2). The window is scheduled for high-power testing in July 2003 at the SLAC.

Neilson, J.; Ives, L.; Tantawi, S.G.; /Calabazas Creek Res., Saratoga /SLAC

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

362

Energy-Efficient Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Windows Energy-Efficient Windows Energy-Efficient Windows June 18, 2012 - 8:39am Addthis Energy-efficient windows provide space heating and lighting to this sunny kitchen. | Photo courtesy of Emily Minton-Redfield for Jim Logan Architects. Energy-efficient windows provide space heating and lighting to this sunny kitchen. | Photo courtesy of Emily Minton-Redfield for Jim Logan Architects. What does this mean for me? The windows in your house let in light and air if they're operable, but they can also be weak spots in your home's thermal envelope. When replacing windows, purchase the most energy-efficient windows you can afford, because they will pay for themselves over their lifetimes. Windows provide our homes with light, warmth, and ventilation, but they can also negatively impact a home's energy efficiency. You can reduce energy

363

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benefits of Efficient Windows Benefits of Efficient Windows Looking for information on windows for a new house? Window Selection Tool Selection Process Design Guidance Installation Looking for information on replacement windows? Window Selection Tool Assessing Options Selection Process Design Guidance Installation Energy & Cost Savings Energy efficient windows can substantially reduce the costs associated with heating and cooling. This section on Energy & Cost Savings illustrates these savings in both heating and cooling climates. Energy Savings Lower HVAC Costs High-performance windows not only provide reduced annual heating and cooling bills, they also reduce the peak heating and cooling loads. This section on Lower HVAC Cost illustrates how the use of high performance windows can help in reducing HVAC equipment sizing.

364

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessing Window Replacement Options Assessing Window Replacement Options What are the benefits of energy-efficient windows? Energy & Cost Savings Improved Comfort Less Condensation Increased Light & View Reduced Fading Lower HVAC Costs How is window performance measured? U-factor Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Visible Transmittance Air Leakage Condensation Resistance Are there financing and incentive programs? Overview of Utility and State Programs Performance Standards Energy Rating Programs Building America Program Documents Measure Guideline: Energy-Efficient Window Performance and Selection exit disclaimer Measure Guideline: Wood Window Repair, Rehabilitation, and Replacement exit disclaimer Whether you would like to improve the energy performance of your existing windows or replace them with new energy-efficient windows, several options are available. An energy audit can help you identify good strategies for more efficient windows and a more efficient house. Whichever energy efficiency measures you consider, the federal government as well as state, local, and utility programs may offer financing help or weatherization assistance.

365

3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

.1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface .1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface Previous: 3.3 Legend Window Contents 3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window Figure 3.10: Initial display of the Timeline window of a 514 MB 16-process slog2 file with default preview resolution. Image timeline_popup Most of the advanced features in the SLOG-2 viewer are provided through a zoomable window. Jumpshot-4 has two zoomable windows: Timeline and Histogram. Figure 3.10 is the initial display of the Timeline window of a half-gigabyte 16-timeline slog2 file. The zoomable window consists of several concealable and removable components. In the center of the window is the zoomable and scrollable canvas. For the Timeline window, the center canvas is called the timeline canvas. Directly on top of the zoomable

366

Energy-Efficient Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Windows Energy-Efficient Windows Energy-Efficient Windows June 18, 2012 - 8:39am Addthis Energy-efficient windows provide space heating and lighting to this sunny kitchen. | Photo courtesy of Emily Minton-Redfield for Jim Logan Architects. Energy-efficient windows provide space heating and lighting to this sunny kitchen. | Photo courtesy of Emily Minton-Redfield for Jim Logan Architects. What does this mean for me? The windows in your house let in light and air if they're operable, but they can also be weak spots in your home's thermal envelope. When replacing windows, purchase the most energy-efficient windows you can afford, because they will pay for themselves over their lifetimes. Windows provide our homes with light, warmth, and ventilation, but they can also negatively impact a home's energy efficiency. You can reduce energy

367

Windowed versus windowless solar energy cavity receivers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A model for a windowed, high-temperature cavity receiver of the heated-air type is developed and used to evaluate the greenhouse effect as a method for obtaining high receiver operating efficiencies. The effects on receiver efficiency of varying the window cutoff wavelength, the amount of absorption in the window pass-band, the cavity operating temperature, and the number of windows are determined. Single windowed cavities are found to offer theoretical efficiencies comparable to windowless ones, while multiple windowed units are found to suffer from low operating efficiencies due to losses resulting from reflections at each window/air interface. A ''first order'' examination is made of the feasibility of air cooling the window to assure its survival. This appears possible if a proper combination of cooling technique and window material characteristics is selected.

Jarvinen, P. O.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Translucent patches—dissolving windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents motivation, design, and algorithms for using and implementing translucent, non-rectangular patches as a substitute for rectangular opaque windows. The underlying metaphor is closer to a mix between the architects yellow paper and ... Keywords: interaction techniques, interface metaphors, irregular shapes, pen based interfaces, translucency

Axel Kramer

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Paradox 7 for Windows 95  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Appropriate for either self-paced or group learning, this book provides an excellent way to learn Paradox 7.0 in a short period of time. The text/template package covers the most commonly used features of Paradox 7 for Windows 95.

Betsy Newberry

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windows for New Construction Windows for New Construction Window Selection Tool Use the Window Selection Tool for new construction to compare performance of 20 different window types in your location. The Window Selection Tool will take you through a series of design conditions pertaining to your design and location. It is a step-by-step decision-making tool to help determine the most energy efficient window for your house. Window Selection Tool Window Selection Process This section provides step-by-step guidance on the window selection process for new construction windows including issues of code, energy, durability, and installation. Design Guidance This section provides Design Guides that examine the energy use impacts of new windows for homes in hot, mixed and cold climates. They show the the impact of orientation, window area, and shading. The energy use has been calculated for various window design variations including 5 orientations (equal, north, east, south, and west), 3 glazing areas, 20 glazing types, and 5 shading conditions.

371

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Information Resources to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on AddThis.com... Home About For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers For Utilities Information Resources Information Resources Numerous publications will be available to help educate buyers, product

372

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS GET A COPY DOCUMENTATION KNOWLEDGE BASE Overview Today's energy-efficient windows can dramatically lower the heating and cooling costs associated with windows while increasing occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problems. However, consumers are often confused about how to pick the most efficient window for a residence. Product information typically offers window properties: U-factors or R-values, Solar Heat Gain Coefficients or Shading Coefficients, and air leakage rates. However, the relative importance of these properties depends on site- and building-specific conditions. Furthermore, these properties are based on static evaluation conditions that are very different from the real situation a window will be used in.

373

Measured winter performance of storm windows  

SciTech Connect

Direct comparison measurements were made between various prime/storm window combinations and a well-weatherstripped, single-hung replacement window with a low-E selective glazing. Measurements were made using an accurate outdoor calorimetric facility with the windows facing north. The doublehung prime window was made intentionally leaky. Nevertheless, heat flows due to air infiltration were found to be small, and performance of the prime/storm combinations was approximately what would be expected from calculations that neglect air infiltration. Prime/low-E storm window combinations performed very similarly to the replacement window. Interestingly, solar heat gain was not negligible, even in north-facing orientation.

Klems, Joseph H.

2002-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

374

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(6.3.9) (6.3.9) October 2010 Last Updated: 11/07/2010 Complex Glazing Features for WINDOW6 The Research Version of WINDOW 6 has the following modeling capabilities: Shading Layer Library: A Shading Layer Library has been added to define shading systems, such as venetian blinds and diffusing layers, which can then be added as layers in the Glazing System Library. Shade Material Library: A Shading Material Library has been added to define materials to be used in the Shading Layer Library. Properties defined in this library include shade material reflectance and absorptance (in the solar, visible and IR wavelengths ranges), as well as the conductivity of the material. Glazing System Library In the “Layers” section of the Glazing System definition, it is now possible to specify either a glass layer or a shading layer. The shading system is chosen from the Shading Layer Library.

375

METHOD OF LOCATING GROUNDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>This patent presents a method for locating a ground in a d-c circult having a number of parallel branches connected across a d-c source or generator. The complete method comprises the steps of locating the ground with reference to the mildpoint of the parallel branches by connecting a potentiometer across the terminals of the circuit and connecting the slider of the potentiometer to ground through a current indicating instrument, adjusting the slider to right or left of the mildpoint so as to cause the instrument to indicate zero, connecting the terminal of the network which is farthest from the ground as thus indicated by the potentiometer to ground through a condenser, impressing a ripple voltage on the circuit, and then measuring the ripple voltage at the midpoint of each parallel branch to find the branch in which is the lowest value of ripple voltage, and then measuring the distribution of the ripple voltage along this branch to determine the point at which the ripple voltage drops off to zero or substantially zero due to the existence of a ground. The invention has particular application where a circuit ground is present which will disappear if the normal circuit voltage is removed.

Macleish, K.G.

1958-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sash Replacement Sash Replacement DIY Network: How to Install a Window Sash Replacement Kit The DIY Network experts show you how to remove the window sash from an old double-hung window and install a new energy-saving sash replacement kit: How to Install a Window Sash Replacement Kit exit disclaimer . Sash replacement may be an alternative to a full window replacement or an insert window into an existing frame. The physical condition of the existing window must be good-there should be no moisture or air leakage. An energy auditor or replacement contractor may help you determine if a sash replacement is a viable option based on your homes window and wall conditions. Many manufacturers offer replacement sash kits, which include jamb liners to ensure good operability and fit. This option allows for relatively easy

377

Measured winter performance of storm windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Prime/Storm Replacement Window Thermal Watts Solar WattsFactor and Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Prime or Prime/Stormdesigned interior storm window. ) Solar Heat Gain One does

Klems, Joseph H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

An analysis of residential window waterproofing systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prevalence of vinyl nail-on windows in the North American new home construction market has prompted ASTM International to write ASTM E2112-01 "Standard Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights". ...

Parsons, Austin, 1959-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Linux-käyttäjä Windows-aktiivihakemistossa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tämän työn tarkoituksena oli tutkia ja toteuttaa Linux-käyttöjärjestelmästä kirjautumista Windows-aktiivihakemistoon. Tämä saavutettiin luomalla aktiivihakemiston toimialueeseen käyttäjä, jonka oli tarkoitus pystyä kirjautumaan sekä Windows- että Linux-käyttöjärjestelmistä… (more)

Metsäjoki, Kari

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Windows Phone abonento steb?jimo sistema.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Magistro darbe nagrin?jamos šiuolaikin?s „Microsoft“ kompanijos sukurtos technologijos: operacin?s sistemos, skirtos mobiliems ?renginiams – „Windows Phone 7“ ir „Windows Mobile 6“, program? k?rimas, remiantis „Silverlight“… (more)

Krav?enko,; Andrej

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

GPS Meteorology: Sliding-Window Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sliding-window technique uses a moving time window to select GPS data for processing. This makes it possible to routinely incorporate the most recently collected data and generate estimates for atmospheric delay or precipitable water in (near)...

James Foster; Michael Bevis; Steven Businger

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ground Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Nature Bulletin No. 408-A February 27, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation GROUND WATER We take...

383

Experimental observation of a complex periodic window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of a special periodic window in the two-dimensional parameter space of an experimental Chua's circuit is reported. One of the main reasons that makes such a window special is that the observation of one implies that other similar periodic windows must exist for other parameter values. However, such a window has never been experimentally observed, since its size in parameter space decreases exponentially with the period of the periodic attractor. This property imposes clear limitations for its experimental detection.

D. M. Maranhão; M. S. Baptista; J. C. Sartorelli; I. L. Caldas

2007-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

384

WebCAT: Installation Instructions for Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... WebCAT. Note: Windows ME does not ship with a webserver; Apache can be installed. Download and Install, Download ...

385

Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

386

Neutrinos: Windows to New Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After briefly reviewing how the symmetries of the Standard Model (SM) are affected by neutrino masses and mixings, I discuss how these parameters may arise from GUTs and how patterns in the neutrino sector may reflect some underlying family symmetry. Leptogenesis provides a nice example of how different physical phenomena may be connected to the same neutrino window of physics beyond the SM. I end with some comments on the LSND signal and briefly discuss the idea that neutrinos have environment dependent masses.

R. D. Peccei

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

Ground-coupled heat pump systems: a pumping analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems use the ground as a heat source or sink that absorbs heat from or rejects heat to the soil, respectively;… (more)

Mays, Cristin Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.2 Windows  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Residential Prime Window Sales, by Glass Type (Million Units) 1980 8.6 34% 0.0 0% 16.6 66% 25.2 100% 1990 4.9 14% 12.0 34% 18.7 53% 35.6 100% 1993 2.8 14% 17.2 84% 0.4 2% 20.4 100% 1995 5.5 12% 37.8 85% 1.3 3% 44.5 100% 1999 4.8 8% 55.2 89% 2.0 3% 62.0 100% 2001 3.9 7% 50.9 90% 1.5 3% 56.3 100% 2003 4.7 7% 55.9 89% 2.2 4% 62.8 100% 2005 4.2 6% 63.8 91% 2.5 3% 70.5 100% 2007 2.7 5% 55.0 93% 1.4 2% 59.1 100% 2009 1.6 4% 36.2 93% 1.2 3% 38.9 100% Note(s): 1) IG = insulated glazing. Source(s): Double Pane Single Pane Sealed IG (1) Other Total AAMA/NWWDA, Study of the U.S. Market for Windows and Doors, 1996, Table 22, p.49; AAMA/WDMA, Study of U.S. and Canadian Market for Windows and Doors, Apr. 2000, Exhibit E.7, p. 55; AAMA/WDMA, Study of the Market for U.S. Doors, Windows and Skylights, Apr. 2004, Exhibit D.4, p. 46; AAMA/WDMA, Study of U.S. Market for Windows, Doors, and Skylights, Apr. 2006, Exhibit D.8 Conventional Window Glass Usage, p. 50; AAMA/WDMA, Study of U.S.

389

Electrochromic windows for commercial buildings: Monitored results from a full-scale testbed  

SciTech Connect

Electrochromic glazings promise to be the next major advance in energy-efficient window technology, helping to transform windows and skylights from an energy liability to an energy source for the nation's building stock. Monitored results from a full-scale demonstration of large-area electrochromic windows are given. The test consisted of two side-by-side, 3.7x4.6-m, office-like rooms. In each room, five 62x173-cm lower electrochromic windows and five 62x43-cm upper electrochromic windows formed a large window wall. The window-to-exterior-wall ratio (WWR) was 0.40. The southeast-facing electrochromic windows had an overall visible transmittance (Tv) range of Tv=0.11-0.38 and were integrated with a dimmable electric lighting system to provide constant work plane illuminance and to control direct sun. Daily lighting use from the automated electrochromic window system decreased by 6 to 24% compared to energy use with static, low-transmission (Tv =0.11), unshaded windows in overcast to cle ar sky winter conditions in Oakland, California. Daily lighting energy use increased as much as 13% compared to lighting energy use with static windows that had Tv=0.38. Even when lighting energy savings were not obtainable, the visual environment produced by the electrochromic windows, indicated by well-controlled window and room luminance levels, was significantly improved for computer-type tasks throughout the day compared to the visual environment with unshaded 38%-glazing. Cooling loads were not measured, but previous building energy simulations indicate that additional savings could be achieved. To ensure visual and thermal comfort, electrochromics require occasional use of interior or exterior shading systems when direct sun is present. Other recommendations to improve electrochromic materials and controls are noted along with some architectural constraints.

Lee, Eleanor S.; DiBartolomeo, Dennis L.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Stanek Windows | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stanek Windows Stanek Windows Jump to: navigation, search Name Stanek Windows Address 4565 Willow Parkway Place Cuyahoga Heights, Ohio Zip 44125 Sector Buildings, Efficiency Product Consulting; Installation; Maintenance and repair;Manufacturing; Retail product sales and distribution;Trainining and education Phone number 216-341-7700 Website http://www.stanekwindows.com Coordinates 41.435755°, -81.650183° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.435755,"lon":-81.650183,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

391

Window selection: problems and promise of glass  

SciTech Connect

In the past few years, technical innovations in glass and window design have made windows more energy efficient, reducing energy costs and increasing the comfort levels in buildings. These innovations make it possible for occupants to enjoy the benefits of real windows while enabling owners and managers to lower overall operating costs. 1 figure, 1 table.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

700 MHz window R & D at LBNL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

foil ($1036.5/150", 3 windows) 1. Measure ceramic and keeperCBP tech note 230 700 MHz Window R&D at LBNL R. Rimmer, G.001-99 2A "700 MHz RF Window" from LANL. The Conceptual

Rimmer, R.A.; Koehler, G.; Saleh, T.; Weidenbach, R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Manahmen fr MS Windows Betriebssysteme Gerd Hofmann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ma�nahmen für MS Windows Betriebssysteme Gerd Hofmann IT-Sicherheitsforum - Betriebssystemsicherheit 24. Juni 2004 #12;24.06.04 gerd.hofmann@rrze.uni-erlangen.de 2Windows Sicherheit Vorstellung Gerd-85-28920 RRZE: Raum RZ 2.013 #12;24.06.04 gerd.hofmann@rrze.uni-erlangen.de 3Windows Sicherheit Inhaltsliste

Fiebig, Peter

394

Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Administrator Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Administrator Series Led by: Dianne Burke, MCSE and UM Faculty Member emergency such as a medical emergency to drop out of either one of Windows Server 2008 class before on Microsoft Windows Server 2008. The series prepares IT Professionals for the Microsoft Certified Technology

Crone, Elizabeth

395

Dell recommends Windows 7. Colorado State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dell recommends Windows® 7. Print Page Colorado State University E-quote Number: 1005723185631 E Dell Latitude E6520 - Fully Customizable Qty 1 Latitude E6520, Genuine Windows® 7 Professional Latitude E6520 Latitude E6520 Operating Systems Genuine Windows® 7 Professional, No Media, 64- bit, English

396

Focus Windows: A Tool for Automated Provers ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focus Windows: A Tool for Automated Provers ? Florina Piroi Research Institute For Symbolic or understand the validity of a particular step. Focus windows were #12;rst introduced as a technique for proof the implementation and the use of the focus windows technique in the frame of the Theorema system [3]. One

397

Computing & Communications WIRELESS SETUP FOR WINDOWS 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing & Communications WIRELESS SETUP FOR WINDOWS 7 For assistance during the configuration access to the WLAN and have laptops and desktops which use the Windows 7 operating system. It is provided. Requirements: A laptop with Windows 7 operating system with latest service pack and patches applied. A wireless

Warkentin, Ian G.

398

Windows Server 2008 R2 Licensing Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows Server 2008 R2 Licensing Guide m Your Comprehensive Resource for Licensing and Pricing #12;2 Table of Contents Summary 3 Table of Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Product Offerings 3 License Terms ­ Windows Server 2008 R2 Product Line Updates 4 Edition Comparison by Server Role 5 New and Updated Features

Narasayya, Vivek

399

A Host Intrusion Prevention System for Windows Operating Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

this technique to Windows OS, also because Windows kernel structures ... vention System (HIPS) for Windows OS that immediately detects security rules.

400

WINDOW 5 Final Pre-Release User's Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A PC Program WINDOW 6.2 THERM 6.2 Research Version User Manual For Analyzing Window Thermal Performance Windows & Daylighting Group Building Technologies Program Environmental...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A Design Guide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This attachment, “Advancement of Electrochromic Windows:attachments to the “Advancement of Electrochromic Windows:attachment to the final report for the Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

BREWSTER WINDOW AND WINDOWLESS RESONANT SPECTROPHONES FOR INTRACAVITY OPERATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 6 KHz measured with windows attached. Variation of thethe spectrophone is operated with windows. Table IV. Factorsto Applied Physics BREWSTER WINDOW AND WINDOWLESS RESONANT

Gerlach, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Evolution of the Thrombolytic Treatment Window for Acute Ischemic Stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the ultimate goal, regardless of an expanded time window.the Thrombolytic Treatment Window for Acute Ischemic Strokefor treatment in this time window. Expanding the time for

Stemer, Andrew; Lyden, Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

A first-generation prototype dynamic residential window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prototype Dynamic Residential Window Christian Kohler, HowdyGoudey, and Dariush Arasteh Windows and Daylighting Grouphighly efficient dynamic window that maximizes solar heat

Kohler, Christian; Goudey, Howdy; Arasteh, Dariush

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Window signalling systems: control strategies and occupant behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occupant response to window control signaling systems (CBEDaly, A. (2002). Operable windows and HVAC systems. HPACK. (2008). The use of windows as controls for indoor

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

THE MOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (MoWiTT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 3-5, 1979 THE MOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (Orlando, Florida. The Mobile Window Thermal Test Facility (Press, 197 . THE NOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (

Klems, J. H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Microsoft Windows Server 2003 security enhancements and new features .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the new features and enhancements of Windows Server 2003. Windows NT and Windows 2000 were known to… (more)

Montehermoso, Ronald Centeno.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Design Guide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. Wilmert. 2004. Window Systems for High Performanceof electrochromic windows: a pilot study”, Building andfor an Electrochromic Window Wall Attached are curtainwall

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performanceof California. Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with SimpleE+), cannot use standard window performance indices (U,

Arasteh, Dariush

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

An Improved Algorithm for Generating Global Window Brightness Temperatures from Multiple Satellite Infrared Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved algorithm for the generation of gridded window brightness temperatures is presented. The primary data source is the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, level B3 data, covering the period from July 1983 to the present. ...

K. I. Hodges; D. W. Chappell; G. J. Robinson; G. Yang

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

EMasticWindows: improvedSpatial Layoutand Rapid MuRipmeWindow Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symposium of the Washington, DC Chapter of the ACM, (1991), pp. t21-131. 16. Malone, T. W., How do peopleEMasticWindows: improvedSpatial Layoutand Rapid MuRipmeWindow Operations Eser Kandogan Department)405-2680 ben@cs.umd.edu ABSTRACT Most windowing systems follow the independent overlap- ping windows approach

Shneiderman, Ben

412

Environmental WindowsEnvironmental Windows Real Problems and PotentialReal Problems and Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental WindowsEnvironmental Windows Real Problems and PotentialReal Problems and Potential Window - a period during which dredging may occur Seasonal Restriction - a period during which dredging and effective management guidelines such as dredging windows..." #12;Schubel et al. 1979. A conceptual framework

US Army Corps of Engineers

413

Purged window apparatus utilizing heated purge gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purged window apparatus utilizing tangentially injected heated purge gases in the vicinity of electromagnetic radiation transmitting windows, and a tapered external mounting tube to accelerate these gases to provide a vortex flow on the window surface and a turbulent flow throughout the mounting tube. Use of this apparatus prevents backstreaming of gases under investigation which are flowing past the mouth of the mounting tube which would otherwise deposit on the windows. Lengthy spectroscopic investigations and analyses can thereby be performed without the necessity of interrupting the procedures in order to clean or replace contaminated windows.

Ballard, Evan O. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Rigid thin windows for vacuum applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin window that stands off atmospheric pressure is fabricated using photolithographic and wet chemical etching techniques and comprises at least two layers: an etch stop layer and a protective barrier layer. The window structure also comprises a series of support ribs running the width of the window. The windows are typically made of boron-doped silicon and silicon nitride and are useful in instruments such as electron beam guns and x-ray detectors. In an electron beam gun, the window does not impede the electrons and has demonstrated outstanding gun performance and survivability during the gun tube manufacturing process.

Meyer, Glenn Allyn (Danville, CA); Ciarlo, Dino R. (Livermore, CA); Myers, Booth Richard (Livermore, CA); Chen, Hao-Lin (Lafayette, CA); Wakalopulos, George (Pacific Palisades, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.2 Windows  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Nonresidential Window Sales, by Type and Census Region (Million Square Feet of Vision Area) (1) Northeast Midwest South West Total Type 1995 2009 1995 2009 1995 2009 1995 2009 1995 2009 New Construction Commercial Windows (2) 4 15 16 22 21 58 13 25 54 120 Curtain Wall 3 10 6 16 16 41 8 18 33 84 Store Front 7 10 11 16 14 41 11 18 43 85 Total (3) 14 36 33 53 51 140 32 60 130 289 Remodeling/Replacement Commercial Windows (2) 18 12 25 17 46 45 27 19 116 93 Curtain Wall 4 2 6 3 8 7 10 3 28 15 Store Front 12 5 18 8 24 20 22 9 76 41 Total (3) 34 18 49 27 78 72 59 31 220 148 Total Commercial Windows (2) 22 27 41 40 67 103 40 45 170 213 Curtain Wall 7 12 12 18 24 48 18 21 61 99 Store Front 19 15 29 23 38 61 33 26 119 125 Total (3) 48 54 82 80 129 211 91 91 350 437 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Usage is a good indication of sales. 2) Formerly referred to as Architectural. Includes both shop-fabricated (true architectural) and site-

416

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.2 Windows  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Nonresidential Window Stock and Sales, by Glass Type Existing U.S. Stock Vision Area of New Windows (Million Square Feet) Type (% of buildings) 1995 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 Single Pane 56 57 48 56 60 48 Insulating Glass (1) 294 415 373 407 476 389 Total 350 472 421 463 536 437 Clear 36% 49% 43% 44% 38% 33% Tinted 40% 24% 17% 15% 11% 10% Reflective 7% 8% 6% 4% 3% 3% Low-e 17% 19% 34% 37% 48% 54% Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Note(s): Source(s): (2) 1) Includes double- and triple-pane sealed units and stock glazing with storm windows. 2) Included as part of the Tinted category. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures: Consumption and Expenditures Tables, June 2006, Table B1 for stock data; AAMA/NWWDA, 1996 Study of the U.S. Market for Windows and Doors, Table 27, p. 60 for 1995 usage values; 2003 AAMA/WDMA Study of the U.S. Market

417

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Standards Performance Standards Even the expert eye cannot easily tell an efficient window from a conventional window. That is why energy ratings, endorsement programs and consumer incentives play an important role in creating awareness for window energy efficiency among consumers, builders, architects and performance standard programs. Learn about NFRC certification and labeling Learn about ENERGY STAR® for windows, doors and skylights High Performance Windows and Low-E Storm Windows Volume Purchase Program Utility and State Incentives for energy efficiency improvements Building Codes Most locations have building energy codes that mandate minimum performance levels for windows, doors, and skylights. The builder, contractor or homeowner must adhere to the code requirements, which typically cover

418

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts to Contacts to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on AddThis.com... Home About For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers For Utilities Information Resources Contacts Web site and High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program contacts are provided below. Website Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about

419

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ensure Proper Installation of New Windows Ensure Proper Installation of New Windows Information Regarding Lead-based Hazards Comprehensive information about lead paint exit disclaimer by U.S. EPA Literature ASTM E 2112, "Standard Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights." www.astm.org exit disclaimer Water Management Guide, Joseph W. Lstiburek, Energy & Environmental Building Association. www.eeba.org exit disclaimer Proper installation is necessary for optimal window performance, to ensure an airtight fit and avoid water leakage. Always follow manufacturers installation guidelines and use trained professionals for window installation. The Importance of Quality Window Installation Quite simply, windows are only as good as their installation. Proper installation will:

420

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selection Process for New Windows Selection Process for New Windows What are the benefits of energy-efficient windows? Energy & Cost Savings Improved Comfort Less Condensation Increased Light & View Reduced Fading Lower HVAC Costs How is window performance measured? U-factor Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Visible Transmittance Air Leakage Condensation Resistance Are there financing and incentive programs? Overview of Utility and State Programs Building Codes Energy Rating Programs 1. Meet the Energy Code and Look for the ENERGY STAR® Windows must meet the locally applicable energy code requirements. Windows that are ENERGY STAR qualified typically meet or exceed energy code requirements. A home's climate and location determine the relative importance of heating and cooling energy use, the applicable building energy code requirements, and the qualification criteria for ENERGY STAR windows. ENERGY STAR

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Making Smart Windows Smarter | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Windows Smarter Smart Windows Smarter Making Smart Windows Smarter April 5, 2011 - 2:00pm Addthis "Smart Windows" seen at light and dark settings. | Photo Courtesy of SAGE Electrochromics, Inc., by Susan Fleck Photography "Smart Windows" seen at light and dark settings. | Photo Courtesy of SAGE Electrochromics, Inc., by Susan Fleck Photography Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office What does this project do? Pleotint, LLC has developed a specialized glass film that uses the energy generated by the sun to limit excess heat and light from coming into homes and buildings. When you look out the window, you might notice whether the sun is shining, a nice view of the outdoors or an interesting cloud passing by. What most people probably don't notice is that traditional windows waste about 30

422

Stereo matching via selective multiple windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window-based correlation algorithms are widely used for stereo matching due to their computational efficiency as compared to global algorithms. In this paper, a multiple window correlation algorithm for stereo matching is presented which addresses the problems associated with a fixed window size. The developed algorithm differs from the previous multiple window algorithms by introducing a reliability test to select the most reliable window among multiple windows of increasing sizes. This ensures that at least one window is large enough to cover a region of adequate intensity variations while at the same time small enough to cover a constant depth region. A recursive computation procedure is also used to allow a computationally efficient implementation of the algorithm. The outcome obtained from a standard set of images with known disparity maps shows that the generated disparity maps are more accurate as compared to two popular stereo matching local algorithms.

Satyajit Anil Adhyapak; Nasser Kehtarnavaz; Mihai Nadin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Field Evaluation of Low-E Storm Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EVALUATION OF LOW-E STORM WINDOWS By S. Craig Drumheller-performance of low emittance (low-e) storm windows with bothstandard clear storm windows and no storm windows was

Drumheller, S. Craig

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hunting for the Conformal Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Undeniably, the imminent activity of LHC and the quest for the nature of physics beyond the standard model have raised renewed interest in the conformal and quasi-conformal behaviour of gauge field theories with matter content. Theoretically driven questions seem to now acquire a strong experimental appeal and might guide us towards a more realistic string theory to field theory connection, originally inspired by the AdS/CFT conjecture. In this brief report, we discuss the state of the art of our search for the conformal window in the SU(3) colour-gauge theory with fermions in the fundamental representation.

A. Deuzeman; M. P. Lombardo; E. Pallante

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

425

Infrared Thermography Measurements of Window Thermal Test Specimen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrared Thermography Measurements of Window Thermal Test Specimen: Surface Temperatures Title Infrared Thermography Measurements of Window Thermal Test Specimen: Surface...

426

Laser sealed evacuated window glazings  

SciTech Connect

The design and fabrication of a highly insulating, evacuated window glazing have been investigated. A thermal network model has been used to parametrically predict the thermal performance of such a window. Achievable design, options are predicted to provide a glazing with a thermal conductance less than 0.6 W/m/sup 2/K (R > 10/sup 0/F ft/sup 2/ h/Btu) which is compact, lightweight, and durable. A CO/sub 2/ laser has been used to produce a continuous, leak tight, welded glass perimeter seal around 25 x 25 cm/sup 2/ test specimens. Various diameters of regularly spaced spherical support spacers were incorporated in the specimens as well as an integral SnO/sub 2/:F transparent, low emissivity coating for suppression of radiative heat transfer. Laser sealing rates of .06 cm/s were achieved at a 580/sup 0/C glass working temperature with 400 W of continuous wave (CW) laser power.

Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.; Jorgensen, G.J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Performance: ENERGY STAR® Windows Measuring Performance: ENERGY STAR® Windows Windows for residential buildings are eligible for ENERGY STAR Most Efficient recognition in 2013. View the criteria for windows for the ENERGY STAR Most Efficient Program. Energy Star Most Efficient Program The Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have developed an ENERGY STAR exit disclaimer designation for products meeting certain energy performance criteria. Windows that have the ENERGY STAR designation will be labeled showing the zones in which it is qualified. Since energy efficient performance of windows, doors, and skylights varies by climate, product recommendations are given for four U.S. climate zones. For making comparisons among ENERGY STAR products, use the NFRC label or

428

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fresh Air Fresh Air Windows provide the primary means to control air flow in most homes. People open windows to provide fresh air, ventilate odors and smoke, dissipate heat and moisture, and create air movement on hot days. While exhaust fans and central air systems can mechanically ventilate a room, opening a room to the outdoors is perceived as more direct and natural. Guidelines for Providing Fresh Air Place operable windows in all rooms to give occupants opportunity for fresh air. Provide cross-ventilation by placing window openings on opposite walls in line with the prevailing winds. Use casement windows to direct and control ventilation. Use operable skylights or roof windows to enhance ventilation. Use landscape elements to direct breezes. In order to ensure that all residences have access to the healthful aspects

429

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Guidance for Replacement Windows Design Guidance for Replacement Windows Opportunities for Design Improvements Energy-efficient windows offer benefits under diverse design conditions. Window performance can be improved by taking orientation, window area and shading into account. Fine-tuning your window selection to the houses conditions and optimizing these conditions where possible helps further cut heating and cooling demand. Besides long-term energy savings, these upfront opportunities may be available: Smaller HVAC equipment: Lower heating and cooling demand means optimum equipment is smaller and costs less. ENERGY STAR Homes recognition: High-performance design can allow homes to be recognized by the ENERGY STAR program. Many States and localities offer design help and/or incentives for ENERGY STAR homes.

430

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Considerations for Window Performance Considerations for Window Performance Advanced window technologies can have a major effect on comfort and on the annual energy performance of a house. However, there is a broader and possibly more significant impact of the recent revolution in window performance. Because the new glazing technologies provide highly effective insulating value and solar protection, there are important implications for how a house is designed. There is a long-established set of window design guidelines and assumptions intended to reduce heating and cooling energy use. These are based, in part, on the historical assumption that windows were the weak link in the building envelope. These assumptions frequently created limitations on design freedom or generated conflicts with other performance requirements,

431

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The High Performance Windows Volume Purchase (WVP) Program The High Performance Windows Volume Purchase (WVP) Program The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Technologies Program (BTP) is coordinating a volume purchase program intended to overcome cost and awareness barriers to the wider adoption of highly-insulating windows and low-E storm windows. These products include windows meeting a number of specifications including a U-factor of 0.22 or less as well as storm windows with low-emissivity glass. Buyer groups with a potential interest in purchasing these products in volume will learn about their availability and cost through the program's product listings. Over 50 manufacturers proposed products for the first round of these listings, for which submittals were due by February 19, 2010. DOE does not purchase any products through this project, nor does DOE

432

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidance on Window Durability Guidance on Window Durability There is no simple rating or absolute guarantee of the durability of a window. You may want to study the design and workmanship of the window and rely on recommendations from others who have used similar products. The advice of experienced architects and builders can be helpful. As with other products, warranties can be an indicator of the reliability of the window and its manufacturer. Durability may vary with location; for example, some materials are degraded by salt near the ocean. These aspects of window durability deserve special attention: frame and sashes; insulating glass seals; weatherstripping; and local requirements for structural integrity. Frame and Sashes Although design and workmanship may be the most important factors

433

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing & Incentives Financing & Incentives Financing or incentive programs may be available to you if: You intend to replace old windows with high-performance, energy efficient windows. You plan to build a new home with windows that keep energy costs low and provide for a comfortable interior. If you are looking for utility programs within your state that can help you finance such an investment in efficient windows, download an overview of utility and state programs. Incentives and Rebates for Energy-Efficient Windows Offered through Utility and State Programs Utility and State Incentives We have provided an overview of utility and state programs that can help you as a resident, building owner, or builder to finance improvements in window energy efficiency. Download an overview of utility and state

434

Modeling window optics for building energy analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses modeling the optics of windows for the purposes of simulating building energy requirements or daylighting availability. The theory for calculating the optical performance of conventional windows is reviewed. The simplifications that might commonly be made in creating computational models are analyzed. Some of the possibilities for more complex windows are analyzed, and the type of model and data that would be necessary to simulate such windows in a building energy analysis program are determined. It is shown that the optical performance of different window types can be simulated with models which require varying amounts of memory or computing time. It is recommended that a building energy analysis program have all models available and use the most efficient for any given window.

Walton, G.N.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Hybrid window layer for photovoltaic cells  

SciTech Connect

A novel photovoltaic solar cell and method of making the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes: at least one absorber layer which could either be a lightly doped layer or an undoped layer, and at least a doped window-layers which comprise at least two sub-window-layers. The first sub-window-layer, which is next to the absorber-layer, is deposited to form desirable junction with the absorber-layer. The second sub-window-layer, which is next to the first sub-window-layer, but not in direct contact with the absorber-layer, is deposited in order to have transmission higher than the first-sub-window-layer.

Deng, Xunming (Syvania, OH); Liao, Xianbo (Toledo, OH); Du, Wenhui (Toledo, OH)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

436

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Guidance for New Windows Design Guidance for New Windows Opportunities for Design Improvements Energy-efficient windows offer benefits under diverse design conditions. Window performance can be improved by taking orientation, window area and shading into account. Fine-tuning your window selection to the houses conditions and optimizing these conditions where possible helps further cut heating and cooling demand. Besides long-term energy savings, these upfront opportunities may be available: Smaller HVAC equipment: Lower heating and cooling demand means optimum equipment is smaller and costs less. ENERGY STAR Homes recognition: High-performance design can allow homes to be recognized by the ENERGY STAR program. Many States and localities offer design help and/or incentives for ENERGY STAR homes.

437

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Window WINDOW screenshot. Calculates thermal performance of fenestration products; heat transfer analysis method consistent with the rating procedure developed by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). Screen Shots Keywords fenestration, thermal performance, solar optical characteristics, windows, glazing Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Some knowledge about windows. Users 2000+ in the U.S. and abroad. Audience Manufacturers, engineers, architects, researchers, sales personnel. Input Interactive program: user-provided data files for frames (from the THERM program) and glazing layers (from the Optics program) optional. Output Reports for the total window can be saved to disk or printed; files can be generated to be used as input to the DOE-2 and EnergyPlus programs;

438

Hybrid window layer for photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic solar cell and method of making the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes: at least one absorber layer which could either be a lightly doped layer or an undoped layer, and at least a doped window-layers which comprise at least two sub-window-layers. The first sub-window-layer, which is next to the absorber-layer, is deposited to form desirable junction with the absorber-layer. The second sub-window-layer, which is next to the first sub-window-layer, but not in direct contact with the absorber-layer, is deposited in order to have transmission higher than the first-sub-window-layer.

Deng, Xunming (Syvania, OH)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

439

Hybrid window layer for photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic solar cell and method of making the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes: at least one absorber layer which could either be a lightly doped layer or an undoped layer, and at least a doped window-layers which comprise at least two sub-window-layers. The first sub-window-layer, which is next to the absorber-layer, is deposited to form desirable junction with the absorber-layer. The second sub-window-layer, which is next to the first sub-window-layer, but not in direct contact with the absorber-layer, is deposited in order to have transmission higher than the first-sub-window-layer.

Deng, Xunming (Sylvania, OH); Liao, Xianbo (Toledo, OH); Du, Wenhui (Toledo, OH)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile … Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are also discussed. are also discussed. Water infiltration is dealt with at considerable length because windows are one of the likeliest components in the building structure for water entry and because water intrusion and resultant damage may have gone on unnoticed for some time as water can enter the wall cavity through and around the window assembly. Suggestions for investigating sources of water intrusion are provided. The condition of the decorative trim around the window can be an indication of water damage but deterioration of the trim is typically an aesthetic problem not a performance problem. However, if the window sill is damaged, it should be replaced because it is the means by which water will drain out away from the house or, incorrectly, into the wall. Damaged or deteriorating window sashes, frames, or casings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Analysis of surface contaminants on beryllium windows  

SciTech Connect

It is known that various crystalline and liquid compounds form on the downstream surfaces of beryllium windows exposed to air. It is also known that the integrity of such windows may be compromised resulting in leaks through the window. The purpose of this report is to document the occurrences described as they pertain to the NSLS and to analyze, where possible, the various substances formed.

Gmur, N.F.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Available Technologies: Electrochromic Windows with Multiple ...  

Berkeley Lab researchers led by André Anders and Cesar Clavero have improved the properties of electrochromic windows with a novel design — called the switchable ...

443

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Performance Measuring Performance What are the benefits of energy-efficient windows? Energy & Cost Savings Improved Comfort Less Condensation Increased Light & View Reduced Fading Lower HVAC Costs Looking for information on windows for a new house? Window Selection Tool Selection Process Design Guidance Installation Looking for information on replacement windows? Window Selection Tool Assessing Options Selection Process Design Guidance Installation U-factor The rate of heat loss is indicated in terms of the U-factor (U-value) of a window assembly. This section on U-factor describes what a U-factor is and it's importance in the heat loss through a window assembly. U-factor Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) The SHGC is the fraction of incident solar radiation admitted through a window, both directly transmitted and absorbed and subsequently released inward. This section on Solar Heat Gain Coefficient describes what a SHGC is and it's importance in the amount of heat gain through a window assembly.

444

List of Windows Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windows Incentives Windows Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 604 Windows Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-604) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools

445

A New Kind of “Power Window”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 5, 2010 ... The material could be used to develop transparent solar panels or even windows that absorb solar energy to generate electricity.

446

Contoured insulation window for evacuated solar collector  

SciTech Connect

An insulating contoured window is provided for use with an enclosed chamber such as an evacuated flat plate solar heat collector with the contoured solar window being of minimum thickness and supported solely about its peripheral edge portions. The window is contoured in both its longitudinal and transverse directions, such that in its longitudinal direction the window is composed of a plurality of sinusoidal corrugations whereas in its transverse direction the peaks of such corrugations are contoured in the form of paraboloids so that the structure may withstand the forces generated thereon by the atmosphere.

Coppola, F. T.; Lentz, W. P.; Vandewoestine, R. V.

1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

447

Wide Electrochemical Window Solvents - Energy Innovation Portal  

Biomass and Biofuels; ... This solvent has such a wide electrochemical window and such powerful solvating properties that it is an excellent target solvent ...

448

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

created by the window, door, and skylight industry. It is composed of manufacturers, suppliers, code officials, researchers, and government agencies. The NFRC has developed a...

449

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Membership Who are the EWC members? The EWC is made up of manufacturers, suppliers, and affiliates to the window industry Manufacturers: producers of whole fenestration products...

450

Window performance for human thermal comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transfer through Windows”. ASHRAE Transactions 93, 1425 -1431. 3. ASHRAE Handbook – Fundamentals, 1997.ASHRAE Inc. 4. ASHRAE Standard 55-2004, Thermal

Huizenga, C; Zhang, H.; Mattelaer, P.; Yu, T.; Arens, Edward A; Lyons, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

3.2 Logfile Convertor Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLOG-2 file and close the window Since the Logfile Convertor launches a separate Java process to do the logfile conversion, it requires certain parameters to launch the...

452

Manufacturing of diamond windows for synchrotron radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diamond window construction is presented and explicit manufacturing details are given. This window will increase the power dissipation by about a factor of 4 over present day state of the art windows to absorb 600 W of power. This power will be generated by in-vacuum undulators with the storage ring ALBA operating at a design current of 400 mA. Extensive finite element (FE) calculations are included to predict the windows behavior accompanied by explanations for the chosen boundary conditions. A simple linear model was used to cross-check the FE calculations.

Schildkamp, W.; Nikitina, L. [Synchrotron ALBA, CELLS, Carretera BP 1413, km 3.3, 08290 Cerdanyola del Valles (Spain)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Performance tests of large thin vacuum windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tests of thin composition vacuum windows of the type used for the Tagger in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility are described. Three different tests have been performed. These include: (1) measurement of the deformation and durability of a window under long term (>8 years) almost continuous vacuum load, (2) measurement of the deformation as a function of flexing of the window as it is cycled between vacuum and atmosphere, and (3) measurement of the relative diffusion rate of gas through a variety of thin window membranes.

Hall Crannell

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Windows Phone 7:n ja Androidin kommunikointi.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin älypuhelimien kommunikointia ja datan siirtoa. Älypuhelimet siirtävät tietoa palvelimen kautta toisille älypuhelimille, tämä mahdollistaa keskitetyn ja hallittavan tiedonsiirron. Opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin Windows Phone 7-… (more)

Vuolle, Jani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

High order Parzen windows and randomized sampling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???In the thesis, high order Parzen windows are studied for understanding some algorithms in learning theory and randomized sampling in multivariate approximation. Our ideas are… (more)

Zhou, Xiangjun (???)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Digital Windows: cause + effect between reality + virtuality.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Digital Windows allow real people in the real world to interact with virtual objects in a virtual world through a direct relationship between real-space and… (more)

Sumsion, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

WebCAT: Installation Instructions for Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Requirements, WebCAT can be installed on Windows systems running IIS, PWS, or Apache web servers and on Unix systems running Apache. ...

458

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Voluntary Test Method for Thermal Transmittance and Condensation Resistance of Windows, Doors and Glazed Wall Sections gives a dimensionless rating titled, Condensation...

459

Window Design and Enhancement using Chebyshev.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper presents a new and versatile framework to window design based on a semi-infinite linear programming approach by using the Dual Nestled Complex Approximation… (more)

Tran, To; Dahl, Mattias; Claesson, Ingvar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The Key to Unlocking the Secret Window.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??David Koepp's Secret Window was released by Columbia Pictures in 2004. The film's score was written by Philip Glass and Geoff Zanelli. This thesis analyzes… (more)

McConnell, Sarah E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

BT::Electrochromic Windows Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spacer spacer spacer spacer Resources spacer Industry Contacts | CA Utility Contacts | R&D Organizations | Technical Reports | References | Acknowledgements | Project Team spacer Industry Contacts As of 2006, SAGE Electrochromics, Inc. is the only manufacturer in the U.S. selling electrochromic-coated glass units for building applications: Lou Podbelski SAGE Electrochromics, Inc. One Sage Way Faribault, MN 55021 (507) 331-4935 http://www.sage-ec.com/ SAGE's first market entry was to provide electrochromic coated glass to Velux for their switchable electrochromic skylight product line: electric venting skylights, fixed skylights, and fixed curb-mounted skylights in various rectangular sizes. They now market to a variety of window and curtain wall suppliers; contact SAGE for current supplier information.

462

Applicability of Solar Airflow Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate prediction of the performance of Solar Air Windows (SAWs) operating in various climates under real conditions has not been investigated. This paper reports the results of numerical simulations of SAWs carried out using ANSYS-CFX considering real boundary conditions. In order to determine the feasibility of SAWs, their performance has been examined in two similar office buildings located at two different climates. Each building has 30% of its south facing wall covered with SAWs in the spandrel areas. The results of the numerical simulations of the SAW operating in supply mode in January indicated that that for an office building located in Ottawa, Canada, 6% of its ventilation load and 12% of its heating load could be supplied by SAWs during a sunny day. Operating in exhaust mode in June, SAWs could be used to provide about 14% of the ventilation load of the office building located in Dubai, UAE.

Hamed, M. S.; Friedrich, K.; Razaqpur, G.; Foo, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Laser sealed vacuum insulation window  

SciTech Connect

A laser sealed evacuated window panel is comprised of two glass panes held spaced apart in relation to each other by a plurality of spherical glass beads and glass welded around the edges to provide an evacuated space between the glass panes that is completely glass sealed from the exterior. The glass welded edge seal is obtained by welding the edges of the glass panes together with a laser beam while the glass panes and bead spacers are positioned in a vacuum furnace and heated to the annealing point of the glass to avoid stress fracture in the area of the glass weld. The laser welding in the furnace can be directed around the perimeter of the glass panel by a combination of rotating the glass panel and linearly translating or aiming the laser with a relay mirror.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Laser sealed vacuum insulating window  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser sealed evacuated window panel is comprised of two glass panes held spaced apart in relation to each other by a plurality of spherical glass beads and glass welded around the edges to provide an evacuated space between the glass panes that is completely glass sealed from the exterior. The glass welded edge seal is obtained by welding the edges of the glass panes together with a laser beam while the glass panes and bead spacers are positioned in a vacuum furnace and heated to the annealing point of the glass to avoid stress fracture in the area of the glass weld. The laser welding in the furnace can be directed around the perimeter of the galss panel by a combination of rotating the glass panel and linearly translating or aiming the laser with a relay mirror.

Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1985-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

465

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase:

466

Apparatus for preventing particle deposition from process streams on optical access windows  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an electrostatic precipitator that is disposed inside and around the periphery of the window of a viewing port communicating with a housing through which a particle-laden gas stream is being passed. The precipitator includes a pair of electrodes around the periphery of the window, spaced apart and connected to a unidirectional voltage source. Application of high voltage from the source to the electrodes causes air molecules in the gas stream to become ionized, attaching to solid particles and causing them to be deposited on a collector electrode. This prevents the particles from being deposited on the window and keeps the window clean for viewing and making optical measurements.

Logan, R.G.; Grimm, U.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Field and Laboratory Study of a Ground-Coupled Water Source Heat Pump with an Integral Enthalpy Exchange System for Classrooms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School classroom space-conditioning equipment in hot and humid climates is often excessively burdened by the requirement to dehumidify incoming air to maintain proper thermal comfort and air quality. To that end, application of new or modified technologies is needed to increase the dehumidification abilities of equipment without compromising energy efficiency or the need for fresh ventilation air. To study the effectiveness of integrated heat pump and enthalpy exchange equipment, a nominal 4-ton water-source heat pump, coupled with a geothermal water loop and incorporating a forced fresh-air enthalpy exchange system was installed in a typical middle school classroom in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. This project is a joint effort among Oak Ridge School District, Tennessee Valley Authority, Energy Office of the State of Tennessee, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The retrofit classroom, along with a similar baseline classroom (employing a water source heat pump supplied by a boiler/cooling tower loop), were instrumented with an Internet-based system to control and monitor performance, efficiency, and a variety of air states. Those include classroom air, outdoor air, semi-conditioned fresh air, and supply air. Particular attention was dedicated to the humidity content and the carbon dioxide content of conditioned space (classroom) air and to the intake rate of forced fresh air. This field study builds on a previous laboratory study of a water-source heat pump coupled to an enthalpy recovery system. The laboratory work showed good potential for reducing the moisture load from forced ventilation air. At simulated outdoor conditions of 90°F (32.2°C) and 90% RH, the enthalpy recovery wheel in the nominal 2-ton system was able to capture and exhaust 9.9 lb of moisture that would otherwise have to be handled solely by the cooling coil.

Domitrovic, R.; Hayzen, G. J.; Johnson, W. S.; Chen, F. C.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Information acquisition in minimal window search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The alpha-beta tree search algorithm can be improved through the use of minimal windows. Branches are searched with a minimal window [a,a+l] with the expectancy that this will show the sub-tree to be inferior. If not, then that sub-tree must be re-searched. ...

Alexander Reinefeld; Jonathan Schaeffer; T. A. Marsland

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Prospects for highly insulating window systems  

SciTech Connect

Windows and other fenestration systems are often considered the weakest links in energy-efficient residences. This opinion is reinforced by building standards, audit guidelines, and standard window performance evaluation techniques geared toward sizing building HVAC equipment. In this paper we show that it should be possible to design highly insulating windows (U < 0.12 Btu/hr-ft/sup 2/-F) with high solar transmittances (SC > 0.6). If we then view annual window performance from the basic perspective of control of energy flows, we conclude that it should thus be possible to develop a new generation of ''super window'' that will outperform the best insulated wall or roof for any orientation even in a northern climate. We review several technical approaches that suggest how such a window system might be designed and built. These include multiglazed windows having one or more low-emittance coatings and gas-filled or evacuated cavities. Another approach uses a layer of transparent silica aerogel, a microporus material having a conductivity in air of about R7 per inch. We conclude by presenting data on annual energy performance in a cold climate for a range of ''super windows''. 8 refs., 6 figs.

Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Measure Guideline: Window Repair, Rehabilitation, and Replacement  

SciTech Connect

This measure guideline provides information and guidance on rehabilitating, retrofitting, and replacing existing window assemblies in residential construction. The intent is to provide information regarding means and methods to improve the energy and comfort performance of existing wood window assemblies in a way that takes into consideration component durability, in-service operation, and long term performance of the strategies.

Baker, P.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Dell recommends Windows 8. Redefine mobility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dell recommends Windows 8. Redefine mobility. Rethink tablets. The new XPSTM 10 tablet. Designed" Full HD touchscreen optimized for Windows 8. Dell.com Price: $1,499 $ 99999 ·3rd Gen Intel® CoreTM i7

Suzuki, Masatsugu

472

Dell recommends Windows Dell InspironTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dell recommends Windows® 7. Dell InspironTM 14R Member Price: $ 69999 · 2nd Gen Intel® CoreTM i5-2450M Processor · Genuine Windows® 7 Home Premium · 6GB Memory*; 500GB* Hard Drive Buy a Dell

Suzuki, Masatsugu

473

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Beta 5 Beta (5.0.05 -- January 1, 2013) Last Updated: 01/01/2013 Screen Shots Opening Screen, Overview Tab Climate Tab Facade Edit Screen The Facade Library screen allows the user to define a facade with windows, and overhangs and fins for each window. COMFEN displays the geometry of each window that is defined as well as the position in the facade. Each window can be defined with a different glazing system and frame combination if desired. Multiple facades can be defined on this screen, and then compared in the Project screen, described below. Glazed Wall Assembly Definition Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library allows the user to make new glazing systems or import them from a WINDOW 6 database. Shading Control Scheme Library The Shading Control Scheme Library screen allows the user to define interior, exterior and between glass shading systems for

474

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Windows Dynamic Windows Technologies, such as electrochromics, are now available for the residential market. The skylight on the left is switched to the "on" position-reducing glare and solar heat gain. The skylight on the right is switched to the "off" position. Photo: Velux-America and SAGE Electrochromics. The emerging concept for the window of the future is more as a multifunctional "appliance-in-the-wall" rather than simply a static piece of coated glass. These systems include switchable windows and shading systems that have variable optical and thermal properties that can be changed in response to climate and occupant preferences. By actively managing lighting and cooling, smart windows could reduce peak electric loads, increase daylighting benefits throughout the United States, improve

475

X-Windows Acceleration via NX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Windows Acceleration via NX X-Windows Acceleration via NX X-Windows Acceleration via NX May 12, 2011 by Francesca Verdier NX is a computer program that handles remote X-Windows connections. It can greatly improve the speed of X-Windows applications running at NERSC. See Using NX. User Announcements Email announcement archive Subscribe via RSS Subscribe Browse by Date January 2014 December 2013 November 2013 October 2013 September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 December 2012 November 2012 October 2012 August 2012 June 2012 May 2012 April 2012 March 2012 February 2012 January 2012 December 2011 November 2011 October 2011 September 2011 August 2011 July 2011 June 2011 May 2011 April 2011 March 2011 February 2011 January 2011 September 2010 Last edited: 2013-04-02 15:13:27

476

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lower HVAC Costs Lower HVAC Costs HVAC sizing tools Several computation procedures exist for proper sizing of HVAC equipment. The most prominent ones, which are also recommended by the ENERGY STAR Homes program, are ACCA Manual J exit disclaimer and the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals. Factors to be considered: The energy performance of the windows themselves must be considered in load calculations. NFRC-certified window performance values significantly increase the accuracy of these calculations. Window orientation and overhangs must be taken into account. Overhangs are an important factor influencing solar gains through windows. Where internal shades and blinds will be actively used, these should also be accounted for in load calculations. High-performance windows not only provide reduced annual heating and

477

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Last Updated: 10/04/2012 Screen Shots Opening Screen, Overview Tab Climate Tab Facade Edit Screen The Facade Library screen allows the user to define a facade with windows, and overhangs and fins for each window. COMFEN displays the geometry of each window that is defined as well as the position in the facade. Each window can be defined with a different glazing system and frame combination if desired. Multiple facades can be defined on this screen, and then compared in the Project screen, described below. Glazed Wall Assembly Definition Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library allows the user to make new glazing systems or import them from a WINDOW 6 database. Shading Control Scheme Library The Shading Control Scheme Library screen allows the user to define interior, exterior and between glass shading systems for

478

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Technologies Window Technologies Operator Types Traditional operable window types include the projected or hinged types such as casement, awning, and hopper, and the sliding types such as double- and single-hung and horizontal sliding. This section on Operator Types describes how these typical windows work. Operator Types Glazing Types Traditionally, windows have been made from clear glass, but advanced technologies have significantly improved the thermal performance of glass. This section on Glazing Types describes some of these technologies. Glazing Types Gas Fills Gas fills improve the thermal performance of insulating glazing units by reducing the conductance of the air space between the layers. This section on Gas Fills describes the thermal performance benefits of adding gas to an IGU.

479

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exterior Shading Exterior Shading Window Attachments For detailed information on storm windows and other window attachments, visit www.windowattachments.org exit disclaimer , a site supported by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Building Green, and the U.S. Department of Energy. DOE's Energy Savers You can improve the energy efficiency of existing windows by various additions to an existing window. Awnings exit disclaimer Blinds exit disclaimer Draperies exit disclaimer Overhangs exit disclaimer Shades exit disclaimer Shutters exit disclaimer Awnings in Residential Buildings Study showing that awnings have advantages that contribute to more sustainable buildings. Download Awnings in Residential Buildings exit disclaimer The most effective way of reducing solar heat gain is to block the sun's

480

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fact Sheets & Publications: Books Fact Sheets & Publications: Books Residential Windows: A Guide to New Technology and Energy Performance Available from Norton Professional Books. exit disclaimer Single copy price: $35.00 USA; volume discounts available from publisher. Available from Amazon. exit disclaimer Window Systems for High-performance Buildings Available from Norton Professional Books. exit disclaimer Single copy price: $50.00 USA; volume discounts available from publisher. Available from Amazon. exit disclaimer Residential Windows: A Guide to New Technology and Energy Performance, 3rd Edition John Carmody, Stephen Selkowitz, Dariush Arasteh and Lisa Heschong Residential Windows The Department of Energy's Windows and Glazing Research Program supported the development of this book. Support was provided

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "windows ground source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Welcome to the Efficient Windows Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduced Condensation Reduced Condensation Condensation High performance windows with new glazing technologies not only reduce energy costs but make homes more comfortable as well. High-performance windows create warmer interior glass surfaces, reducing frost and condensation. High-performance windows with warm edge technology and insulating frames have such a warm interior surface that condensation on any interior surfaces is significantly reduced under all conditions. Condensation occurs when the interior surface temperature of the glass drops below either the dewpoint or frost point. A window's frame and/or glazing system can contribute to the possibility of condensation if they are poor performers for a specific climate. High-performance windows create warmer interior glass surfaces, reducing condensation and frost.

482

Saving energy with storm windows and doors  

SciTech Connect

The objective of conserving heating and cooling fuels with properly designed and installed doors and windows will not succeed until the window and door energy problems are specifically identified and specific solutions are understood. Almost three times as much heat is lost directly through the glass as from the edges of the frame. One square foot of single glazing loses as much heat as 10 ft/sup 2/ of solid wall. Almost 70 percent of the heating load and 46 percent of the cooling load are related to windows and doors. Homeowners are urged to caulk and weatherstrip; keep windows and doors in good repair; and install windows and doors with insulating glass. (MCW)

Gorell, F.

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

THERM 5 / WINDOW 5 NFRC simulation manual  

SciTech Connect

This document, the ''THERM 5/WINDOW 5 NFRC Simulation Manual', discusses how to use the THERM and WINDOW programs to model products for NFRC certified simulations and assumes that the user is already familiar with those programs. In order to learn how to use these programs, it is necessary to become familiar with the material in both the ''THERM User's Manual'' and the ''WINDOW User's Manual''. In general, this manual references the User's Manuals rather than repeating the information. If there is a conflict between either of the User Manual and this ''THERM 5/''WINDOW 5 NFRC Simulation Manual'', the ''THERM 5/WINDOW 5 NFRC Simulation Manual'' takes precedence. In addition, if this manual is in conflict with any NFRC standards, the standards take precedence. For example, if samples in this manual do not follow the current taping and testing NFRC standards, the standards not the samples in this manual, take precedence.

Mitchell, Robin; Kohler, Christian; Arasteh, Dariush; Carmody, John; Huizenga, Charlie; Curcija, Dragan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Window Industry Technology Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industry Technology Roadmap Industry Technology Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Window Industry Technology Roadmap Name Window Industry Technology Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Energy Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics Technology characterizations Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01o References Window Industry Technology Roadmap[1] Abstract The Window Industry Technology Roadmap is designed to provide clear guidance to both the government and the private sector in planning future investments and initiatives. Overview "The Window Industry Technology Roadmap is designed to provide clear guidance to both the government and the private sector in planning future investments and initiatives. It serves as a resource for government to

485

Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windows, Skylights, and Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

486

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

487

Vector Network Analyzer Techniques to measure WR340 Waveguide Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Vector Network Analyzer Techniques to Measure WR340 Waveguide Windows T. L. Smith ASD / RF Group Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory June 26, 2002 Table of Contents 1) Introduction 2) Objective 3) Full Two-Port Calibration 4) TRL (Thru-Reflect-Line) 5) TRL / WR340 Waveguide Window Measurement 6) Conclusions 7) References 1. Introduction In its fundamental form, network analysis involves the measurement of incident, reflected, and transmitted waves that travel along transmission lines. Measuring both magnitude and phase of components is important for several reasons. First, both measurements are required to fully characterize a linear network and ensure distortion- free transmission. To design effective matching networks, complex impedances must be

488

Holography of the Conformal Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by the model of Jarvinen and Kiritsis, we present a simple holographic model for the on set of chiral symmetry breaking at the edge of the conformal window in QCD in the Veneziano limit. Our most naive model enforces the QCD two loop running coupling on a D3/D7 holographic brane system. The mass of the holographic field, describing the chiral condensate in the model, is driven below the BF bound when the running is sufficiently strong, triggering chiral symmetry breaking for N_f/N_c<2.9. This model though contains too great a remnant of supersymmetry and does not correctly encode the perturbative anomalous dimensions of QCD. In a second model we impose the QCD anomalous dimension result and find chiral symmetry breaking sets in for N_f/N_c=4 at a BKT-type phase transition. In this case the transition is triggered when the anomalous dimension of the mass operator \\gamma_m=1.

Raul Alvares; Nick Evans; Keun-Young Kim

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

489

MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for cooling-dominated commercial buildings utilize supplemental heat rejecters such as cooling towers, fluid of supplemental heat rejecters for cooling dominated buildings allows the design of smaller borehole fields. Heat

490

Design goals and challenges for a photovoltaic-powered electrochromic window covering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An estimated 1.0%-1.5% of the total cooling energy need in U.S. buildings, and 10%-30% of the peak electric utility power demand, is caused by unwanted solar heat-gain through windows. A large fraction of the approximately two billion square meters of building windows in the United States could benefit from the use of some solar gain control strategy. If a cost-effective, retrofit, electrochromic (EC) window covering were available, this energy savings potential could be realized in a relatively short time. A {open_quotes}glue on{close_quotes}, retrofit EC window treatment, similar to conventional static solar-gain control .films, could accelerate the application of this new technology in buildings. However, the costs of electrical wiring for each retrofitted window could dominate the economics of the retrofit decision and slow market acceptance of EC-windows. By incorporating a photovoltaic (PV) power source into the EC window retrofit, this wiring cost could be reduced or eliminated, and the installation of the EC window treatment could be greatly simplified. In this paper, we suggest the use of an integrated, photovoltaic-powered electrochromic (PV-EC) window treatment that can be applied to an existing window in much the same way that conventional, static, solar-gain control films are now applied. This concept is the subject of a new three-year research and development (R&D) project at our laboratory. We present our design concepts and rationale and identify some of the technical challenges involved.

Benson, D.K.; Branz, H.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

WINDOW 3. 1: A PC program for analyzing window thermal performance: Program description and tutorial  

SciTech Connect

WINDOW 3.1 is a public-domain computer program developed by the Windows and Daylighting Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for analyzing heat transfer through window systems. The program uses an iterative technique to calculate the one-dimensional temperature profile across a user-defined window system. From this data, window system performance indices, e.g., U-value and shading coefficients, are calculated. WINDOW 2.0, incorporates several technical additions and many new user-friendly features, while continuing to provide a consistent and versatile heat transfer analysis method. The user can vary environmental conditions, window tilt, number of glazing layers, layer properties (thermal infrared, solar and visible optical properties, and thermal conductance), gap widths, composition of gap gas or gas mixture fill, and spacer and frame materials. 7 refs., 3 figs.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Observational Window Functions in Planet Transit Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window functions describe, as a function of orbital period, the probability that an existing planetary transit is detectable in one's data for a given observing strategy. We show the dependence of this probability upon several strategy and astrophysical parameters, such as length of observing run, observing cadence, length of night, and transit duration. The ability to detect a transit is directly related to the intrinsic noise of the observations. In our simulations of the window function, we explicitly address non-correlated (gaussian or white) noise and correlated (red) noise and discuss how these two different noise components affect window functions in different manners.

Kaspar von Braun; David R. Ciardi

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

493

The Conformal Window from the Worldline Formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the worldline formalism to derive a universal relation for the lower boundary of the conformal window in non-supersymmetric QCD-like theories. The derivation relies on the convergence of the expansion of the fermionic determinant in terms of Wilson loops. The expansion shares a similarity with the lattice strong coupling expansion and the genus expansion in string theory. Our result relates the lower boundary of the conformal window in theories with different representations and different gauge groups. Finally, we use SQCD to estimate the boundary of the conformal window in QCD-like theories and compare it with other approaches.

Adi Armoni

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

494

Field Evaluation of Low-E Storm Windows  

SciTech Connect

A field evaluation comparing the performance of low emittance (low-e) storm windows with both standard clear storm windows and no storm windows was performed in a cold climate. Six homes with single-pane windows were monitored over the period of one heating season. The homes were monitored with no storm windows and with new storm windows. The storm windows installed on four of the six homes included a hard coat, pyrolitic, low-e coating while the storm windows for the other two homeshad traditional clear glass. Overall heating load reduction due to the storm windows was 13percent with the clear glass and 21percent with the low-e windows. Simple paybacks for the addition of the storm windows were 10 years for the clear glass and 4.5 years forthe low-e storm windows.

Drumheller, S. Craig; Kohler, Christian; Minen, Stefanie

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

Progress in short period multilayer coatings for water window applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mirrors for the water window,” Optics Letters, Volume 28,K alpha Line in the Water Window Region,” Applied Optics,coatings for water window applications E.M. Gullikson, F.

Gullikson, E.M.; Salmassi, F.; Aquila, A.L.; Dollar, F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Window signalling systems: control strategies and occupant behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parkins, L. M. (1984). Window-opening behav- ior in officeDaly, A. (2002). Operable windows and HVAC systems. HPACK. (2008). The use of windows as controls for indoor

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Ventanas : windows to new cultures in Spanish Class  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAN DIEGO Ventanas: Windows to New Cultures in Spanish Class23 Chapter V. Ventanas: Windows to New Cultures in SpanishOF THE THESIS Ventanas: Windows to New Cultures in Spanish

Collins, Karina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Effects of Overhangs on the Performance of Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a view 1.5 m from the window looking at the side wall.potential for switchable windows. In Proceedings of thelarge-area electrochromic windows in commercial buildings.

Tavil, Aslihan; Lee, Eleanor S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Separation of High Order Harmonics with Fluoride Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmonics with Fluoride Windows T. K. Allison, 1,2? J. vanpropagation in a ?uoride window while still preserving theirfor MgF 2 , CaF 2 , and LiF windows for the third, ?fth, and

Allison, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Neutron source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron source which is particularly useful for neutron radiography consists of a vessel containing a moderating media of relatively low moderating ratio, a flux trap including a moderating media of relatively high moderating ratio at the center of the vessel, a shell of depleted uranium dioxide surrounding the moderating media of relatively high moderating ratio, a plurality of guide tubes each containing a movable source of neutrons surrounding the flux trap, a neutron shield surrounding one part of each guide tube, and at least one collimator extending from the flux trap to the exterior of the neutron source. The shell of depleted uranium dioxide has a window provided with depleted uranium dioxide shutters for each collimator. Reflectors are provided above and below the flux trap and on the guide tubes away from the flux trap.

Cason, J.L. Jr.; Shaw, C.B.

1975-10-21T23:59:59.000Z