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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

White Pine Blister Rust in High-Elevation White Pines: Screening for Simply-Inherited,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Pine Blister Rust in High-Elevation White Pines: Screening for Simply________________ Recent concern about survival and recovery of high- elevation white pine ecosystems has returned white rust- resistance mechanisms in high-elevation white pines, including whitebark (Pinus albicaulis

2

The White Pine Controlled Collapse Scott Phillips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The White Pine Controlled Collapse Experiment Scott Phillips D. Craig Pearson C.L. Edwards Brian W Los Alamos, NM 87545 November 25, 1996 LAUR-96-2642 #12;The White Pine Controlled Collapse Experiment Summary We recorded an explosively induced, 320 m deep, mine collapse and subsequent aftershocks at White

3

White Pine in the Northern Forests: An Ecological and Management History of White Pine on the Bad River Reservation of Wisconsin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Pine in the Northern Forests: An Ecological and Management History of White Pine on the Bad-ADAMS, NANCY LANGSTON, AND DAVID J.MLADENOFF white pine inthe northern forests: AN ECOLOGICAL AND MANAGEMENTHISTORY OF WHITE PINE ON THE BAD RIVERRESERVATIONOF WISCONSIN ABSTRACT This essay examines eastern white

Langston, Nancy

4

White pines, Ribes, and blister rust: integration and action By R. S. Hunt1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW White pines, Ribes, and blister rust: integration and action By R. S. Hunt1 , B. W. Geils2 in this series review the history, biology and management of white pine blister rust in North America, Europe for understanding and managing epidemics of Cronartium ribicola in the white pines (five-needle pines in subgenus

5

EIS-0443: Southwest Intertie Project-South (SWIP-S), White Pine...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Southwest Intertie Project-South (SWIP-S), White Pine, Nye, Lincoln, and Clark counties, NV EIS-0443: Southwest Intertie Project-South (SWIP-S), White Pine, Nye, Lincoln, and...

6

White pine (Pinus strobus L.) regeneration dynamics at the species' northern limit of continuous distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White pine (Pinus strobus L.) regeneration dynamics at the species' northern limit of continuous white pine (Pinus strobus L.) has been significantly reduced across its distribution range over the past quantified natural white pine regeneration in unmanaged mature stands, identified the most important

Asselin, Hugo

7

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure Daniel M of White Pine (Pinus strobus) specimens located at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS). To measure terpene production, dynamic branch enclosures were simultaneously positioned on White Pine

Collins, Gary S.

8

White pines, Ribes, and blister rust: a review and synthesis By Brian W. Geils1,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW White pines, Ribes, and blister rust: a review and synthesis By Brian W. Geils1,4 , Kim E, white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) has linked white pines (Strobus) with currants in genetics and proteomics, our current understanding and management of the white pine blister rust

9

MICHELLE M. STEEN-ADAMS, NANCY LANGSTON, AND DAVID J. MLADENOFF AND MANAGEMENT HISTORY OF WHITE PINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and political processes interrelated to shape forestrecovery biophysical, social, and political processes that influenced the loss of white pine. We find that on the Bad

Mladenoff, David

10

White Pine County, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine County, Nevada: Energy Resources Pine County, Nevada: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.5564495°, -114.524264° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.5564495,"lon":-114.524264,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Seasonal feeding habits of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Bodd.) in young loblolly pine (pinus taeda L.) plantations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S~ FEEDING HABITS OF WHITE-TAILED DEER (Cdocoileus NNN. ) IN YIIIK IBBIDILY PI)IN )P' l l~ L. ) PIANIATIONS A Thesis PATRICIA LOUISE FURRH Suhrd. tted to the Graduate College of Texas AJ)? University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of ~ OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major Subject: Forestry REARIRRL REEDIER IIARIIE OF RDI'IE-FAIIED DEER IOAAOoII Bodd. ) IN YOUNG ~Y PINE (Pinna taeda L. ) ~TIONS A Thesis PATRICIA LOUISE PURRH Approved as to style and content by: Andrew W. Ezell...

Furrh, Patricia Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

pine (mail utility info)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pine (mail utility info) pine (mail utility info) Basics, FAQ, etc, On our UNIX machines, module load pine The line module load pine should ALSO be in the file ~/.rc/user_modules (The pine module also includes pico) pine usage with IMAP4 (UNIX) Moving pine email files into IMAP4 LBNL UNIX info on pine links to Pine Information Center Pine 4.2.1/Solaris: Forwarding as attachment; the following procedure has proved successful for at least some users: Check the option "enable-full-header-cmd". To get to this option, 1. M (Main Menu) 2. S (Setup) "Choose a setup task from the menu below :" 3. C (Configure) 4. Scroll down to "Advanced Command Preferences", and press "X" to set "enable-full-header-cmd". It looks like this: ================================================================

13

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

14

Pine Tree Seed Germination  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Seed Germination Pine Tree Seed Germination Name: Debbie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I live in an area with many pine trees and pine cones. I would like to start seedlings to replace the older trees as I lose them. How do I do it? I have searched the internet for how but have yet to find an anwser. I've examined the pine cones and am at a loss, where are the seeds? I have soft long needle trees with medium pine cones, I have Hemlock trees with small cones and I have very sharp long needle trees with longer, narrow cones. Do the cones have to have already fallen off the tree before using seeds? Thank you!! Replies: Dear Debbie, The following may be helpful: http://www.uidaho.edu/cfwr/forres/nursery/research/research/projects.htm http://www.walden.org/thoreau/writings/seeds/dispersion_01.htm

15

Rough Diagrams Laurent Vigneron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are not tautologies of modal logic S5. 1 Generalized Rough Sets The idea of rough set was proposed by Pawlak in 1982 [5]. The starting point of the rough set theory is the assumption that we have initially some informa have de#12;ned the notion of generalized rough sets: any topological space (X; I) with a clopen sets

Vigneron, Laurent

16

Rough Approximate Operators: Axiomatic Rough Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rough set theory, the upper and lower approximations are ... are two abstract operators acting on the power set of U, the universe of discourse. ... The proof is an easy application of point set topology. Simi...

T. Y. Lin; Qing Liu

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Producing Pine Straw in East Texas Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing pine forests for the production of pine straw is a promising new enterprise in East Texas. This publication explains the processes and equipment needed to harvest and market pine straw....

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

18

Black Pine Circle Project  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Black Pine Circle Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

REVIEW PLAN PINE CREEK LAKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;REVIEW PLAN PINE CREEK LAKE McCurtain County, Oklahoma DAM SAFETY MODIFICATION STUDY TULSA LEFT BLANK #12;REVIEW PLAN Pine Creek Lake, Oklahoma Dam Safety Modification Study TABLE OF CONTENTS and Costs 17 13. Public Participation 19 14. Review Plan Approval and Updates 19 15. Review Plan Points

US Army Corps of Engineers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Elementary Rough Set Granules: Toward a Rough Set Processor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the basics of the rough set approach are presented, and an outline of ... of a simple processor is based on elementary rough set granules and dependencies between them. The rough set processor (R...

Zdzis?aw Pawlak

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

SSA Old Jack Pine Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SSA-OJP) SSA-OJP) View an aerial photo-map of the SSA-OJP site. The road to the OJP site The flux tower and the hut The truss tower connected to the flux tower by cables The flux tower< The canopy access tower The SRC meteorology tower The under-canopy flux station The moss-covered jack pine tree The ground cover at the OJP site Aerial view of the SSA-Old Jack Pine site looking to the northeast. The Flux Tower at SSA-Old Jack Pine site. The Sodar site. The NOAA sodar located near the Old Jack Pine in the SSA. The under-canopy radiation track This is a 14 meter-long metal track in the forest with a mobile radiometer out on an arm on a small motorized cart (visible at the center of the picture) that travels through the forest taking measurements of PAR and net radiation.

23

Rough Ride Test Procedure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NTP005 NTP005 Revision 2 Effective December 1, 2004 Electric Vehicle Rough Road Course Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Ryan Harkins Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald B. Karner ©2004 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved Procedure ETA-NTP005 Revision 2 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Objectives 3 2.0 Purpose 3 3.0 Documentation 3 4.0 Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 4 5.0 Testing Activity Requirements 6 6.0 Glossary 12 7.0 References 14 Appendices Appendix A - Electric Vehicle Rough Road Test Data Sheet 15

24

Pine Mountain Builders | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Mountain Builders Pine Mountain Builders Place Pine Mountain, GA Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Pine Mountain Builders is a company located in Pine Mountain, GA. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pine_Mountain_Builders&oldid=379448" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 1863719699

25

Southern Pine Based on Biorefinery Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program seeks to develop an integrated southern pine wood to biofuels/biomaterials processing facility on the Recipients campus, that will test advanced integrated wood processing technologies at the laboratory scale, including: The generation of the bioethanol from pines residues and hemicelluloses extracted from pine woodchips; The conversion of extracted woodchips to linerboard and bleach grade pulps; and The efficient conversion of pine residues, bark and kraft cooking liquor into a useful pyrolysis oil.

Ragauskas, Arthur J; Singh, Preet

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

Improvement of Information Rough Communication on Rough Set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of information rough communication based on knowledge base is proposed by Mousavi Amin, Jabedar-Maralani Parviz. In this paper, its limitation is discussed. The concept of information rough communi...

QinLi An

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

White Roofs  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Secretary Steven Chu discusses the benefits of switching to white roofs and light colored pavements.

Chu, Steven

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

28

Franny White  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Franny White is a News & Media Relations Specialist at the Energy Departments Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

29

White Day  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but also to their male co-workers. Men have White Day a month later on March 14th. Created by a sweets manufacturer in 1980 to boost sales, White Day is more of a marketing ploy than a holiday. On White Day, you will see men scurrying about purchasing giri...

Hacker, Randi

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

30

Daniel White  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Daniel White About ESnet Our Mission The Network ESnet History Governance & Policies Career Opportunities ESnet Staff & Org Chart Administration Advanced Network Technologies...

31

On Generalized Rough Sets (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Generalized Rough Sets (extended abstract) Anita Wasilewska Department of Computer Science State Rough Sets The idea of rough set was proposed by Pawlak in 1982 [10]. The starting point of the rough a rough set. The lower and upper approximations treated as one argument operations R and R in the ap

Vigneron, Laurent

32

COMBINATION OF ROUGH AND FUZZY SETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 COMBINATION OF ROUGH AND FUZZY SETS BASED ON -LEVEL SETS Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science set can be represented by a family of crisp sets using its -level sets, whereas a rough set can involved in the combination of rough-set and fuzzy-set models. The rough-fuzzy-set and fuzzy-rough-set

Yao, Yiyu

33

Plasma Radiation by Rough Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent observation of a peak of scattered radiation at the plasma frequency from thin metal foils irradiated with light can be explained in terms of a small amount of surface roughness of the foils.

Edward A. Stern

1967-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

34

Disk Roughness and Defect Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Disk surface monitoring and certification refer to the testing and certification of a disk surface in terms of roughness and defect ... as well as the capability to accommodate a flying slider. It includes glide ...

Gang Sheng; Jizhong He; Shuanlin Duan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Design of Rough Neurons: Rough Set Foundation and Petri Net Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces the design of rough neurons based on rough sets. Rough neurons instantiate approximate reasoning in assessing knowledge ... to classifying inputs. The particular form of rough neuron conside...

J. F. Peters; A. Skowron; Z. Suraj; L. Han

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Rough Set Approach to KDD (Extended Abstract)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This tutorial is a survey on rough set theory and some of its applications in ... to analysis of different real life problems using rough set methods as well as the presentation of Rough Set Exploration System (R...

Hung Son Nguyen; Andrzej Skowron

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Rough Sets in Economy and Finance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Rough Set Theory makes it possible to represent and ... of the currently available literature covering applications of rough sets in the economy and finance. The classical rough set model and its important ex...

Mariusz Podsiad?o; Henryk Rybi?ski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Rough sets determined by tolerances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We show that for any tolerance R on U, the ordered sets of lower and upper rough approximations determined by R form ortholattices. These ortholattices are completely distributive, thus forming atomistic Boolean lattices, if and only if R is induced by an irredundant covering of U, and in such a case, the atoms of these Boolean lattices are described. We prove that the ordered set RS of rough sets determined by a tolerance R on U is a complete lattice if and only if it is a complete subdirect product of the complete lattices of lower and upper rough approximations. We show that R is a tolerance induced by an irredundant covering of U if and only if RS is an algebraic completely distributive lattice, and in such a situation a quasi-Nelson algebra can be defined on RS. We present necessary and sufficient conditions which guarantee that for a tolerance R on U, the ordered set RS X is a lattice for all X ? U , where R X denotes the restriction of R to the set X and RS X is the corresponding set of rough sets. We introduce the disjoint representation and the formal concept representation of rough sets, and show that they are DedekindMacNeille completions of RS.

Jouni Jrvinen; Sndor Radeleczki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

White Deer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White Deer White Deer Name: sally Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: i live in Willits, Ca. where there is what we call "Ridgewood Ranch" Many years ago the owner became friends with Mr. Hearst who gave him a gift of some white deer. we had thought they had originated in Asia somewhere but some say Europe. They have webbed antlers similiar to some elk and they have a larger snout than a brown deer. There fawns are incredibly beautiful as they are born brown with white spots. They seem to stay in large groups and are quite timid. My question is, "Do you know if these deer shed their antlers like the others?" We know they are not albino deer. Their eyes seem to be brown and their hair is a little longer than the brown deer. Thank you.

40

White Rock  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Furnished house for rent in rural White Rock Bright and sunny Ideal for a young family Safe neighborhood 10 min drive to LANL 1300 per month, basic utilities included 1180 sq ft....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Roughness-induced Transient Growth: Continuous-spectrum Receptivity and Secondary Instability Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] investigated the boundary layer response to an array of roughness elements that were both repeatable and of significant size. He arranged an array of spheres on a flat plate and contrasted results with single spheres and multi-sphere arrays. These spheres....S., Case Western Reserve University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Edward White This dissertation analyzes the effect of periodic roughness elements on the stability of a flat plate boundary layer. Receptivity data is extracted from direct numerical...

Denissen, Nicholas Allen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

42

Pinyon Pines I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pinyon Pines I Pinyon Pines I Jump to: navigation, search Name Pinyon Pines I Facility Pinyon Pines I (Alta VII) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MidAmerican Energy Developer Terra-Gen Power Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi Pass CA Coordinates 35.01917213°, -118.3031845° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.01917213,"lon":-118.3031845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

43

Pine Ridge Job Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Job Corp Job Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Ridge Job Corp Facility Pine Ridge Job Corp Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Pine Ridge Job Corp Energy Purchaser Omaha Public Power District Location Pine Ridge Job Corp Coordinates 42.68121684°, -102.9838818° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.68121684,"lon":-102.9838818,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Pinyon Pines II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pinyon Pines II Pinyon Pines II Jump to: navigation, search Name Pinyon Pines II Facility Pinyon Pines II (Alta IX) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MidAmerican Energy Developer Terra-Gen Power Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi Pass CA Coordinates 35.01917213°, -118.3031845° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.01917213,"lon":-118.3031845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

45

Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...

46

TOPOLOGICAL AND FUZZY ROUGH SETS Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOPOLOGICAL AND FUZZY ROUGH SETS T. Y. Lin Department of Mathematics and Computer Science San Jose is studied via rough sets, fuzzy sets and topological spaces (more precisely, Frechet spaces). Rough set a knowledge base [1](pp. 14). Pawlak's rough set theory can be viewed as a study of concepts or knowledge via

Lin, Tsau Young

47

Trees, rough integration and differential equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the trajectory (x,y). mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 3 / 27 #12;Trees L finite set. Trees labeled by L , TLTrees, rough integration and differential equations Massimiliano Gubinelli Laboratoire de Mathématiques Université Paris-Sud XI mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 1 / 27 #12;Rough paths T. Lyons (Oxford

Gubinelli, Massimiliano

48

The Rough Set Engine GROBIAN Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Rough Set Engine GROBIAN Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software Engineering University semantische Informationsverarbeitung Universität Osnabrück Abstract Rough set analysis is a non rough set data analysis. In addition to the "traditional" procedures of rough set analysis

Düntsch, Ivo

49

Rough Set Theory: An Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rough set theory, knowledge is interpreted as an ability...a, 81b]). These objects form a set called often a universe of discourse and their nature may vary from case to case: they may be e.g. medical patients...

Prof. Dr. Lech Polkowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Ralph White  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ralph White Ralph White Dean, College of Engineering and Information Technology University of South Carolina Swearingen Engineering Center Columbia, South Carolina 29208 803-777-3270, white@engr.sc.edu Nuclear Engineering at USC September 30, 2002 Background * Naval Nuclear Power School, Enlisted ('61-2) * Engineering Laboratory Technician, USS Woodrow Wilson ('64-'68) * BS, Chemical Engineering, U. of SC ('68-'71) * MS, PhD, Chemical Engineering, U. of Calif., Berkeley ('71-'77) * Asst. Prof. - Prof. Texas A&M ('77-'92) * Chairman, Dept. of Chem. Eng., U. of SC ('93-'00) * Dean, College of Eng. and Info. Tech., U. of SC (2000-present) Nuclear Power in the World * 434 operating plants in 31 countries * France 76% * Belgium 55% * Sweden 46% * Switzerland 41% * Korea 41%, Japan 36% * US 20%

51

Rough and fuzzy-rough methods for mammographic data Neil Mac Parthalain, Richard Jensen, Qiang Shen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in- vestigates the application of a number of rough set and fuzzy-rough set techniques to mammo for classification using rough sets, and fuzzy-rough sets and applied to this mammographic data, incorporating. In section 3, the fuzzy-rough set methodology and its application to both feature selection and the nearest

Lucas, Simon M.

52

Cation Uptake and Allocation by Red Pine Seedlings under Cation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Uptake and Allocation by Red Pine Seedlings under Cation-Nutrient Stress in a Column Growth Experiment. Cation Uptake and Allocation by Red Pine Seedlings under Cation-Nutrient...

53

A Rough Set Paradigm for Unifying Rough Set Theory and Fuzzy Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this plenary address, we would like to discuss rough inclusions defined in Rough Mereology, a joint idea with A. ... , as a basis for common models for rough as well as fuzzy set theories. We would like to jus...

Lech Polkowski

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A New Treatment of Rough Surface Scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996 research-article A New Treatment of Rough Surface Scattering C. Macaskill P...narrow beam at a randomly rough surface where the height distribution...is Gaussian. The field at the surface is assumed to satisfy a Dirichlet...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A Review of Rough Set Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since introduction of the theory of rough set in early eighties, considerable work has been ... The paper provides a review of the Pawlak rough set model and its extensions, with emphasis on ... the formulation, ...

Y. Y. Yao; S. K. M. Wong; T. Y. Lin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers: A Hard and Soft Computing View T.Y. Lin Department are the design goal. Several new applications are identified. KEYWORDS: control, fuzzy logic, modal logic, rough process, called rough logic government, is proposed. In this process, fuzzy logic is viewed

Lin, Tsau Young

57

Electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a numerical framework to model the electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness. The three-dimensional microstructure of the rough channel is generated by a random generation-growth method with three statistical parameters to control the number density, the total volume fraction, and the anisotropy characteristics of roughness elements. The governing equations for the electrokinetic transport are solved by a high-efficiency lattice Poisson?Boltzmann method in complex geometries. The effects from the geometric characteristics of roughness on the electrokinetic transport in microchannels are therefore modeled and analyzed. For a given total roughness volume fraction, a higher number density leads to a lower fluctuation because of the random factors. The electroosmotic flow rate increases with the roughness number density nearly logarithmically for a given volume fraction of roughness but decreases with the volume fraction for a given roughness number density. When both the volume fraction and the number density of roughness are given, the electroosmotic flow rate is enhanced by the increase of the characteristic length along the external electric field direction but is reduced by that in the direction across the channel. For a given microstructure of the rough microchannel, the electroosmotic flow rate decreases with the Debye length. It is found that the shape resistance of roughness is responsible for the flow rate reduction in the rough channel compared to the smooth channel even for very thin double layers, and hence plays an important role in microchannel electroosmotic flows.

Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kang, Qinjun [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis Y.Y. Yao, Yaohua Chen Department of Computer}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract-- An important topic of rough set theory is the approximation of undefinable sets or concepts of approximation operators. In this paper, the notion of rough set approximations is introduced into formal concept

Yao, Yiyu

59

Vaguely Quantified Rough Sets Chris Cornelis1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vaguely Quantified Rough Sets Chris Cornelis1 , Martine De Cock1 , and Anna Maria Radzikowska2 1@mini.pw.edu.pl Abstract. The hybridization of rough sets and fuzzy sets has focused on creating an end product they allow for gradual membership, fuzzy rough sets are still abrupt in a sense that adding or omitting

Gent, Universiteit

60

Intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets: at the cross-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F Intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets: at the cross- roads of imperfect: Just like rough set theory, fuzzy set theory addresses the topic of dealing with imperfect knowledge tentative definitions of the concept of an `intuitionistic fuzzy rough set' that were raised in their wake

Gent, Universiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A REVIEW OF ROUGH SET MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A REVIEW OF ROUGH SET MODELS Y.Y. Yao*, S.K.M. Wong**, and T.Y. Lin*** * Department of Computer of rough set in early eighties, considerable work has been done on the development and application of this new theory. The paper provides a review of the Pawlak rough set model and its extensions

Lin, Tsau Young

62

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek Department of Computer Science, University of Kentucky of that and related facts for the development of Rough Sets theory. 1 Introduction The goal of this note is to provide a proof of the recent statement by Liu and Zhu [2] and look at some properties of rough sets related

Marek, Victor W.

63

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis Yiyu Yao and Yaohua Chen Department of Computer}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. A basic notion shared by rough set analysis and formal concept anal- ysis is the definability to each other based on defin- ability. In this paper, the notion of rough set approximations is introduced

Yao, Yiyu

64

Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plane xd = 0, and it is rough at a scale , where is...A (2005) Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization...where S1 is a closed set in Rd such that {xd 0...is finite, then L is a set with finite perimeter...A (2005) Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

66

A logic for rough sets Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A logic for rough sets Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software Engineering, University of a set forms a Boolean algebra under the usual set theoretic operations, while the collection of rough that regular double Stone algebras are a class of algebras appropriate for a logic of rough sets. Using

Düntsch, Ivo

67

ROUGH AND MODAL ALGEBRAS Laurent VIGNERON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automatically by the theorem prover. 1. INTRODUCTION The theory of rough sets provides a methodological frame, and market analysis. We present here two new connections for the rough set theory. We link]) relationship between the rough sets and modal S5 logic, and hence with some topological Boolean algebras

Vigneron, Laurent

68

Textures and covering based rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces the relations between covering and dicovering in the framework of rough sets. The natural counterpart of a covering in textures is given by a family of pairs of sets which is called a dicovering. This leads us to two dual concepts ... Keywords: Covering based approximation operators, Dicovering, Rough set, Textural rough set, Texture space

Murat Diker; Ay?egl Altay U?ur

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Southern Pine Electric Power Association - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Southern Pine Electric Power Association - Residential Energy Southern Pine Electric Power Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Southern Pine Electric Power Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Comfort Advantage Plus Homes with Heat Pumps: $500 Comfort Advantage Homes with Heat Pumps: $300 Additional Heat Pump: $150 Provider Southern Pine Electric Power Association Southern Pine Electric Power Association offers the Comfort Advantage Home Program which provides rebates on heat pumps to new homes which meet certain Comfort Advantage weatherization standards. To qualify for this rebate the home must have:

70

Food reserves in mountain longleaf pine roots during shoot elongation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Roots of saplings appear to be models for healthy tissues in longleaf pines. Results show that roots of mountain longleaf pine have a normal anatomy, but also have unusual amounts of starch when compared to loblolly pine roots growing during phenologiexecy equal time periods. Roots appear large in diameter and grow much nearer the soil surface than roots observed from Coastal Plain longleaf pine. Starch grains are large in size and uniformly filled root cells. These results yield methodology potentially useful in assessment of health and productivity of longleaf pine.

Walkinshaw, C.H.; W.J. Otrosina

2001-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

71

Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach and Bipolar Abstract Rough Approximation Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We take into consideration Dominance-based Rough Set Approach and its recently proposed algebraic modeling...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Pine Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Wind Farm Pine Tree Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan Update 2013 West Ash Fire: Wednesday August 29, 2012 #12;Facilitated by: Nebraska Forest Service In cooperation with: Region 23 Fire Protection states.2 The Rural Fire Protection District (RFPD) boundaries will be used to describe the "Communities

Farritor, Shane

74

High-speed noncontact profiler based on scanning white-light interferometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a system for fast three-dimensional profilometry, of both optically smooth and optically rough surfaces, based on scanning white-light techniques. The system utilizes an...

Deck, Leslie; de Groot, Peter

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Thirty year change in lodgepole and lodgepole/mixed conifer forest structure following 1980s mountain pine beetle outbreak in western Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current mortality in lodgepole pine caused by mountain pine beetle (MPB) throughout much of western North America has resulted in concern about future forest structure. To better understand the long-term effects of the current mortality, and how it might differ depending on forest species composition, we measured forest vegetation and woody fuel accumulations in forest affected by a MPB outbreak in the late 1970s and early 1980s and compared conditions to 1980s USDA Forest Service data to quantify changes in the approximately 30years following tree mortality. Stands were classified into two forest type groups based on species composition prior to 1970s/1980s MPB mortality: lodgepole pine and mixed conifer. In the 30years after MPB mortality, lodgepole pine stands overstory recovered to 91% of pre-mortality total basal area and 93% of overstory treesha?1. Mixed conifer stands basal area and overstory treesha?1 remained significantly reduced. In both forest types relative basal area and treesha?1 of non-pine species increased, and understory treesha?1 increased roughly fivefold. In lodgepole pine stands, the most abundant species in the 1980s understory was subalpine fir, followed by lodgepole pine. By the 2010s, subalpine fir and aspen were the most abundant understory tree species. In mixed conifer stands, subalpine fir and Engelmann spruce dominated all understory size classes in the 1980s and the 2010s. Total down woody fuels were greater in mixed conifer (103Mgha?1) than lodgepole pine stands (60Mgha?1) due to higher rotten fuel accumulation in mixed conifer than lodgepole pine stands. Overall, our results suggest that long-term forest recovery trajectories are dependent on pre-outbreak species composition, though understory densities are likely to increase regardless of non-pine species abundances. These shifts in species and size composition by 30years after outbreak likely have substantial impacts on forest health, potential fire behavior and ecosystem processes. We speculate that forest recovery following the current MPB outbreak in these areas will be similar to observed changes following the 1970s/1980s outbreak.

Kristen A. Pelz; Frederick W. Smith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Attribute Selection Methods in Rough Set Theory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Attribute selection for rough sets is an NP-hard problem, in which fast heuristic algorithms are needed to find reducts. In this project, two reduct (more)

Li, Xiaohan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Parentage in White Sturgeon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Report R/AQ-131 Parentage in White Sturgeon Bernie Mayassignment of farmed white sturgeon to 95%. Project Goalsfamily cohorts of farmed white sturgeon for the purpose of

May, Bernie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

White sponge nevus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17. Lamey PJ, et al. Oral White sponge naevus: response to140 4. Frithiof L, Banoczy J. White sponge nevus (leukoedema5. Jorgensen RJ, Levin S. White sponge nevus. Arch Dermatol

Dadlani, Chicky; Mengden, Stephanie; Kerr, A Ross

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

DOUGLASR. WHITE MICHAELL. BURTON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOUGLASR. WHITE MICHAELL. BURTON University of California, Irvine Causes of Polygyny: Ecology-wives, and with a pattern of aloofness between hus- bands and wives (Whiting and Whiting 1975). Nineteenth

White, Douglas R.

80

CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE-SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE-SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE COMMUNITY Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE- SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE COMMUNITY CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community propose to prepare a feasibility study for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Processors LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC Place: Steamboat Rock, Iowa Zip: 50672 Product: Farmer owned investment and management team which...

82

Generalizing Rough Set Theory Through Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ordinal properties of data related to preferences have been taken into account in the Dominance-based Rough Set Approach (DRSA). We show that DRSA ... a very general framework in which the classical rough set app...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The evolutionary development of roughness prediction models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vigorous expansion of wind energy power generation over the last decade has also entailed innovative improvements to surface roughness prediction models applied to high-torque milling operations. Artificial neural networks are the most widely used ... Keywords: Dimensionality reduction, Genetic algorithm, High-torque milling, Surface roughness

Maciej Grzenda; Andres Bustillo

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Pine Mountain Builders, Pine Mountain, Georgia  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study of Pine Mountain Builders who worked with Building America research partners IBACOS and Southface Energy Institute to design HERS-59 homes with air-tight 1.0-1.8 ACH50 construction, spray-foamed walls and attics, and high-efficiency heat pumps with fresh-air intake.

85

Detonation limits in rough walled tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper reports the results of a study of detonation limits in rough tubes. Detonation velocity is measured by photodiodes and ionization probes spaced at 10cm intervals along the length of the tube. Short lengths of smoked foils inserted into the core of the rough tube is used to register the structure of the detonation wave. Pressure transducers are also used to obtain the pressure profile. The results indicate that in rough tubes, the detonation velocity is generally much lower than the corresponding values for smooth tubes. The velocity decreases slowly at first and then more rapidly as the limit is approached. The velocity variation is generally continuous and at the limits, the failure velocity is of the order of about 0.4 V CJ for all cases. The detonation limits in rough tubes are found to be wider than for a smooth tube. This indicates that the turbulence generated by the wall roughness facilitates the propagation of the detonation and extends the limits. Smoked foil records show that in the core of the rough tube the detonation front has a cellular structure corresponding to the usual cellular structure due to instability of the detonation. Thus the intrinsic unstable cellular structure is quite robust and retains its global characteristics in spite of the large perturbations generated by the rough wall. The detonation in the core of the rough tube goes from multi-headed to single headed as the limit is approached. Past the single headed spin, the low velocity detonation has no cellular structure but consists of interacting weak transverse waves from the rough wall. The averaged pressure of the low velocity detonation front corresponds to about the constant volume explosion pressure, in accord with the velocity of the low velocity detonation.

Amanda Starr; John H.S. Lee; Hoi Dick Ng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

TUNING ROUGH CONTROLLERS BY GENETIC ALGORITHMS Teresa Chiu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rough sets, rough logic, and evolutionary computing. Rough logic government starts with a symbolic model]. It is a variant of classical fuzzy controller that integrates rough sets, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithm) at the front, we add rough set methodology to extract linguistic rules from a set of ``training data,'' (2

Lin, Tsau Young

87

Rough Truth, Consequence, Consistency and Belief Revision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article aims at re-visiting the notion of rough truth...proposed by Pawlak in 1987 [11] and investigating some of its logical consequences. We focus on the formal deductive apparatus... ...

Mohua Banerjee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Measuring the Surface Roughness of Stream Stones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the fine-scale heterogeneity of stones and other substrates is a challenge for benthic ecologists. I describe a method for measuring the roughness of stones that is based on the ratio of two surface ...

Elizabeth A. Bergey

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Rough surface reconstruction for ultrasonic NDE simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of ultrasound from rough surfaces is an important topic for the NDE of safety-critical components, such as pressure-containing components in power stations. The specular reflection from a rough surface of a defect is normally lower than it would be from a flat surface, so it is typical to apply a safety factor in order that justification cases for inspection planning are conservative. The study of the statistics of the rough surfaces that might be expected in candidate defects according to materials and loading, and the reflections from them, can be useful to develop arguments for realistic safety factors. This paper presents a study of real rough crack surfaces that are representative of the potential defects in pressure-containing power plant. Two-dimensional (area) values of the height of the roughness have been measured and their statistics analysed. Then a means to reconstruct model cases with similar statistics, so as to enable the creation of multiple realistic realizations of the surfaces, has been investigated, using random field theory. Rough surfaces are reconstructed, based on a real surface, and results for these two-dimensional descriptions of the original surface have been compared with those from the conventional model based on a one-dimensional correlation coefficient function. In addition, ultrasonic reflections from them are simulated using a finite element method.

Choi, Wonjae; Shi, Fan; Lowe, Michael J. S. [UK Research Centre in NDE, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Skelton, Elizabeth A.; Craster, Richard V. [Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

90

Perturbative Roughness Corrections to Electromagnetic Casimir Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perturbative corrections to the Casimir free energy due to macroscopic roughness of dielectric interfaces are obtained in the framework of an effective low-energy field theory. It describes the interaction of electromagnetic fields with materials whose plasma frequency $\\omega_p$ determines the low-energy scale. The na\\"ive perturbative expansion of the single-interface scattering matrix in the variance of the profile is sensitive to short wavelength components of the roughness correlation function. We introduce generalized counter terms that subtract and correct these high-momentum contributions to the loop expansion. To leading order the counter terms are determined by the phenomenological plasmon model. The latter is found to be consistent with the low-energy description. The proximity force approximation is recovered in the limit of long correlation length and gives the upper limit for the roughness correction to the Casimir force. The renormalized low-energy theory is insensitive to the high-momentum behavior of the roughness correlation function. Predictions of the improved theory are compared with those of the unrenormalized model and with experiment. The Casimir interaction of interfaces with low levels of roughness is found to be well reproduced by that of flat parallel plates with the measured reflection coefficients at a distance that is slightly less than the mean separation of the rough surfaces.

Hua Yao Wu; Martin Schaden

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

91

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requires a training set to categorize rough terrain andis rough and what is not by driving over the training set.obstacles and rough. Within the crater data set, PTA detects

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Oversimplification: a reply to White  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unfavoured. Analysis 68: ?? -?? White, R. 2005. Why favourOversimplification: a reply to White Nathan Robert Smith Whyfavour simpler hypotheses? Roger White has argued that the

Smith, Nathan Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide Membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...

94

Implementing algorithms of rough set theory and fuzzy rough set theory in the R package RoughSets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The package RoughSets, written mainly in the R language, provides implementations of methods from the rough set theory (RST) and fuzzy rough set theory (FRST) for data modeling and analysis. It considers not only fundamental concepts (e.g., indiscernibility relations, lower/upper approximations, etc.), but also their applications in many tasks: discretization, feature selection, instance selection, rule induction, and nearest neighbor-based classifiers. The package architecture and examples are presented in order to introduce it to researchers and practitioners. Researchers can build new models by defining custom functions as parameters, and practitioners are able to perform analysis and prediction of their data using available algorithms. Additionally, we provide a review and comparison of well-known software packages. Overall, our package should be considered as an alternative software library for analyzing data based on RST and FRST.

Lala Septem Riza; Andrzej Janusz; Christoph Bergmeir; Chris Cornelis; Francisco Herrera; Dominik ?lezak; Jos Manuel Bentez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Interactions among Silvicultural Intensity, Genotype, and Environment and Their Effects on the Growth and Mortality of Loblolly Pine and Slash Pine Families  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the use of improved tree genetic material. Of the pine species present in the southeastern US, loblolly pine has arguably been the most intensively studied and widely planted by forest managers. Efficient operational deployment of improved genetic...

Zhai, Lu

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

96

Microsoft Word - Tall_Pines_CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lee Watts Lee Watts Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Provision of funds to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game for purchase of the Tall Pines Property. Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 1992-061-00 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.25 Transfer, lease, disposition or acquisition of interests in uncontaminated land for habitat preservation or wildlife management, and only associated buildings that support these purposes. Uncontaminated means that there would be no potential for release of substances at a level, or in a form, that would pose a threat to public health or the environment. Location: Township 51 North Range 3 West Section 2 and Township 52 North Range 3 West Section 35, in Kootenai County, Idaho. Parcel is located on the northeastern shore of Hayden

97

Black Pine Engineering Wins Clean Energy Trust Clean Energy Challenge...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

steam loss. According to Black Pine, the technology can boost power generation at geothermal plants by 8% and increase revenue by more than 280,000 per year per well....

98

ROUGHNESS LENGTHS FOR THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface roughness values for the areas surrounding the H, D and N-Area meteorological towers were computed from archived 2010 meteorological data. These 15-minute-averaged data were measured with cup anemometers and bidirectional wind vanes (bivanes) 61 m above the surface. The results of the roughness calculation using the standard deviation of elevation angle {sigma}{sub E}, and applying the simple formula based on tree canopy height, gave consistent estimates for roughness around the H-Area tower in the range of 1.76 to 1.86 m (95% confidence interval) with a mean value of 1.81 m. Application of the {sigma}{sub E} method for the 61-m level at D and N-Areas gave mean values of 1.71 and 1.81 with confidence ranges of 1.62-1.81 and 1.73-1.88 meters, respectively. Roughness results are azimuth dependent, and thus are presented as averages over compass sectors spanning 22.5 degrees. Calculated values were compared to other methods of determining roughness, including the standard deviation of the azimuth direction, {sigma}{sub A}, and standard deviation of the wind speed, {sigma}{sub U}. Additional data was obtained from a sonic anemometer at 61-m on the H-Area tower during a period of a few weeks in 2010. Results from the sonic anemometer support our use of {sigma}{sub E} to calculate roughness. Based on the H-Area tower results, a surface roughness of 1.8 m using is recommended for use in dispersion modeling applications that consider the impacts of a contaminant release to individuals along the Site boundary. The canopy surrounding the H-Area tower is relatively uniform (i.e., little variance in roughness by upwind direction), and data supplied by the U.S. Forest Service at Savannah River show that the canopy height and composition surrounding the H-Area tower is reasonably representative of forested areas throughout the SRS reservation. For dispersion modeling analyses requiring assessments of a co-located worker within the respective operations area, recommended area-specific values range from 0.3 m for E Area to 0.7 m for A Area at the Savannah River National Laboratory. These area-specific values, summarized in Table 4-1, were determined using the Environmental Protection Agency's AERSURFACE computer algorithm.

Hunter, C.

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Probabilistic Rough Set Approximations Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probabilistic Rough Set Approximations Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao Department of Computer Science University have been applied to the theory of rough set in sev- eral forms, including decision-theoretic analysis and rough inclusion functions, we revisit probabilistic rough set approximation operators and present

Yao, Yiyu

100

Web-based Support Systems with Rough Set Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web-based Support Systems with Rough Set Analysis JingTao Yao Joseph P. Herbert Department. The applications of rough set analysis for WSS is looked at in this article. In particular, our focus of the challenges of using rough sets in a WMSS and detail some of the applications of rough sets in analyzing

Yao, JingTao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fuzzy-Rough Nearest Neighbour Classification Richard Jensen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as with the recently intro- duced vaguely quantified rough sets. Preliminary results are very good, and in general FRNN] and rough sets [18] is representative of this. The success of rough set theory is due in part to three on a particular domain. Thirdly, it finds a minimal knowledge representation for data. As rough set theory handles

Gent, Universiteit

102

Fuzzy-Rough Instance Selection Richard Jensen and Chris Cornelis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy-Rough Instance Selection Richard Jensen and Chris Cornelis Abstract-- Rough set theory. Recently, the value of fuzzy-rough sets for feature selection and rule induction has been established proposes three novel methods for instance selection based on fuzzy-rough sets. The initial experimentation

Gent, Universiteit

103

Rough operations on Boolean algebras Guilin Qi and Weiru Liu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Rough operations; Uncertainty measures 1 Introduction Rough set theory was introduced by Pawlak [16] to generalize the classical set theory. In rough set theory, given an equivalence relation on a universe, we can is corresponding to the equivalence relation [11]. In [14,15], Yao generalized rough set theory by generalizing

Liu, Weiru

104

Decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set model and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article investigates the rough approximation of a fuzzy concept on a probabilistic approximation space. We propose the probabilistic rough fuzzy set by defining the conditional probability of a fuzzy event. Then we establish the model of probabilistic rough fuzzy set and discuss several properties in detail. Furthermore, three generalizations of probabilistic rough fuzzy set, namely, 0.5-probabilistic rough fuzzy set, variable precision probabilistic rough fuzzy set and Bayesian rough fuzzy set are reported. In order to give a systematic method of selecting parameters for the probabilistic rough fuzzy set, we propose a decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set. That is, we formulate a non-parametric definition of the probabilistic rough fuzzy set. Moreover, we illustrate the motivation and verify the validity of the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set by using a credit card applicant decision-making problem. Furthermore, the interrelationship between the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set and the probabilistic rough fuzzy set is explained. The main contribution of this paper is twofold. One is to extend the probabilistic rough set to fuzzy environment, i.e., the probabilistic rough fuzzy set model. Another is to present an approach to select parameters needed in probabilistic rough fuzzy set modeling by using the process of decision-making under conditions of risk.

Bingzhen Sun; Weimin Ma; Haiyan Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Naive Bayesian Rough Sets Yiyu Yao and Bing Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Naive Bayesian Rough Sets Yiyu Yao and Bing Zhou Department of Computer Science, University assumptions, which is often used for ranking or constructing a binary classifier. The theory of rough sets decision-theoretic rough set model, or simply a naive Bayesian rough set (NBRS) model, to integrate

Yao, Yiyu

106

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography using bottom pressure sensors to measure form and mixing U0 Form drag pressure Tidal energy conversion Form drag causes: - internal wave generation - eddy Sound, WA Point Three Tree Previous work McCabe et al., 2006 > Measured the internal form drag

Warner, Sally

107

Loan payment prediction using rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In small business loans, there is always a risk for nonpayment or non-refunding of loans though very detailed examinations are made about the company. In this study, behaviors that increase the risk in loans or causing non-refunding are tried to be determined ... Keywords: classification, loan payment failure, prediction, rough sets

Bahadtin Ruzgar; Nursel Selver Ruzgar

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The White Dwarf -- White Dwarf galactic background in the LISA data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LISA (Laser Interferometer Space Antenna) is a proposed space mission, which will use coherent laser beams exchanged between three remote spacecraft to detect and study low-frequency cosmic gravitational radiation. In the low-part of its frequency band, the LISA strain sensitivity will be dominated by the incoherent superposition of hundreds of millions of gravitational wave signals radiated by inspiraling white-dwarf binaries present in our own galaxy. In order to estimate the magnitude of the LISA response to this background, we have simulated a synthesized population that recently appeared in the literature. We find the amplitude of the galactic white-dwarf binary background in the LISA data to be modulated in time, reaching a minimum equal to about twice that of the LISA noise for a period of about two months around the time when the Sun-LISA direction is roughly oriented towards the Autumn equinox. Since the galactic white-dwarfs background will be observed by LISA not as a stationary but rather as a cyclostationary random process with a period of one year, we summarize the theory of cyclostationary random processes, present the corresponding generalized spectral method needed to characterize such process, and make a comparison between our analytic results and those obtained by applying our method to the simulated data. We find that, by measuring the generalized spectral components of the white-dwarf background, LISA will be able to infer properties of the distribution of the white-dwarfs binary systems present in our Galaxy.

Jeffrey A. Edlund; Massimo Tinto; Andrzej Krolak; Gijs Nelemans

2005-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

Brendan M. White  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brendan M. White About ESnet Our Mission The Network ESnet History Governance & Policies Career Opportunities ESnet Staff & Org Chart Administration Advanced Network Technologies...

110

Formal Concept Analysis Based on Rough Set Theory and a Construction Algorithm of Rough Concept Lattice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FCA(Formal Concept Analysis), which is accurate and complete in knowledge representation, is an effective tool for data analysis and knowledge discovery. A new lattice structure named RCL (Rough Concept Lattice) ...

Haifeng Yang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Rough Mereological Reasoning in Rough Set Theory: Recent Results and Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article comes up a couple of months after the death of Professor Zdzis?aw Pawlak who created in 1982 the theory of rough sets as a vehicle to carry out Concept...

Lech Polkowski

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

PINON PINE: An advanced IGCC demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pinon Pine Power Project is a second generation integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant, located at Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPC) Tracy Station, 17 miles east of Reno, Nevada. The project is being partially funded under the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Clean Coal Technology Program (CCT). SPPC intends to operate the plant in base-load mode to supply approximately 100 megawatts electric (MWe) to the transmission grid. This plant will be the first full-scale integration of several advanced technologies: an air-blown KRW gasifier; full-stream hot gas desulfurization using a transport reactor system with a zinc-based sorbent; full-stream, high-temperature ceramic filters for particulate removal; the General Electric Model MS6001FA (617A) Gas Turbine Engine/generator, and a 950 pound per square inch absolute (psia), 950{degrees}F steam turbine generator. This paper reviews the overall configuration and integration of the gasification and power islands components, which yield the plant`s high efficiency. Current status of the project is addressed.

Freier, M.D.; Jewell, D.M. [Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Motter, J.W. [Sierra Pacific Power Co., Reno, NV (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Correlating toughness and roughness in ductile fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three dimensional calculations of ductile crack growth under mode I plane strain, small scale yielding conditions are carried out using an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation for a progres- sively cavitating plastic solid with two populations of void nucleating second phase particles. Full field solutions are obtained for three dimensional material microstructures characterized by ran- dom distributions of void nucleating particles. Crack growth resistance curves and fracture surface roughness statistics are calculated using standard procedures. The range of void nucleating particle volume fractions considered give rise to values of toughness, JIC, that vary by a factor of four. For all volume fractions considered, the computed fracture surfaces are self-affine over a size range of about two orders of magnitude with a roughness exponent of 0.54 $\\pm$ 0.03. For small void nucleating particle volume fractions, the mean large particle spacing serves as a single dominant length scale. In this regime, the c...

Ponson, Laurent; Osovski, Shmulik; Bouchaud, Elisabeth; Tvergaard, Viggo; Needleman, Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Smith-Purcell Radiation from Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation of a charged particle moving parallel to a inhomogeneous surface is considered. Within a single formalism periodic and random gratings are examined. For the periodically inhomogeneous surface we derive new expressions for the dispersion relation and the spectral-angular intensity. In particular, for a given observation direction two wavelengths are emitted instead of one wavelength of the standard Smith-Purcell effect. For a rough surface we show that the main contribution to the radiation intensity is given by surface polaritons induced on the interface between two media. These polaritons are multiply scattered on the roughness of surface and convert into real photons. The spectral-angular intensity is calculated and its dependence on different parameters is revealed.

Gevorkian, Zh S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Experimental analysis of stove top designs for pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The motivation behind this project was to develop a better understanding of the role that the stove top plays in a stove where pine needles are the main fuel source. Pine needles have distinct characteristics in their ...

Roqu, Alyssa J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

On multi-granulation covering rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, much attention has been given to multi-granulation rough sets (MGRS) and different kinds of multi-granulation rough set models have been developed from various viewpoints. In this paper, we propose four types of multi-granulation covering rough set (MGCRS) models under covering approximation space, where a target concept is approximated by employing the maximal or minimal descriptors of objects in a given universe of discourse U. And then, we investigate a number of basic properties of the four types of MGCRS models, and discuss the relationships and differences among the classical MGRS model and our MGCRS models. Moreover, the conditions for two distinct MGCRS models which produce identical lower and upper approximations of a target concept in a covering approximation space are also studied. Finally, the relationships among the four types of MGCRS models are explored. We find that for any subset X ? U , the lower approximations of X and the upper approximations of X under the four types of MGCRS models can construct a lattice, if we consider the binary relation of inclusion.

Caihui Liu; Duoqian Miao; Jin Qian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Biology and pathology of Ribes and their implications for management of white pine blister rust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystems. Differences in light and moisture requirements affect how long various species of Ribes occupy and Dale (2010) present additional information on the systematics, biology and horticulture of cultivated

118

The Honorable Michael White The Honorable Michael White  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

: The Honorable Michael White The Honorable Michael White City,of Cleveland " City,of Cleveland " 601 Lakeside.Avenue ': 601 Lakeside.Avenue ': Cleveland, Ohio 44114...

119

Growth of longleaf and loblolly pine planted on South Carolina Sandhill sites.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance of longleaf (Pinus palustris Mill.) and loblolly pine (P. taeda L.) were compared 1519 years after outplanting on 10 different sites in the sandhillsof South Carolina. The study was established from 1988 to 1992 with bareroot seedlings artificially inoculated with Pisolithus tinctorius (Pt) or naturally inoculated with mycorrhizae in the nursery. A containerized longleaf pine treatment with and without Pt inoculation was added to two sites in 1992. Effects of the Pt nursery treatment were mixed, with a decrease in survival of bareroot longleaf pine on two sites and an increase in survival on another site. The containerized longleaf pine treatment substantially increased survival, which led to greater volume compared with bareroot longleaf pine. Loblolly pine yielded more volume than longleaf pine on all sites but one, where survival was negatively affected by fire. Depth of sandy surface horizon affected mean annual height growth of both loblolly and longleaf pine. Height growth per year decreased with an increase in sand depth for both species. Multiple regression analysis of volume growth(ft3/ac per year) for both species indicated a strong relationship to depth of sandy soil and survival. After 1519 years, loblolly pine has been more productive than longleaf pine, although longleaf pine productivity may be equal to or greater than that of loblolly pine on the soils with the deepest sandy surface layers over longer rotations.

Cram, Michelle, M.; Outcalt, Kenneth, W.; Zarnoch, Stanley, J.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Changes in Snag Populations in Northern Arizona Mixed-Conifer and Ponderosa Pine Forests, 19972002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in Snag Populations in Northern Arizona Mixed-Conifer and Ponderosa Pine Forests, 1997 composition of snags differed between 1997 and 2002 in ponderosa pine forest, but not in mixed-conifer forest populations in southwestern mixed-conifer and pon- derosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws) forests, we

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Decision-theoretic Rough Sets and Beyond Zdzislaw Pawlak introduced rough sets 30 years ago as a theory for data analysis and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision-theoretic Rough Sets and Beyond Zdzislaw Pawlak introduced rough sets 30 years ago as a theory for data analysis and classification. Rough. Fundamental notions of rough sets are knowledge granulation induced by grouping objects

Yao, JingTao

122

Research on Rough Set Theory and Applications in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article gives a capsule view of research on rough set theory and applications ongoing at universities and ... China. Included in this capsule view of rough set research is a brief description of the followin...

Guoyin Wang; Qinghua Zhang; Houkuan Huang; Dongyi Ye

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

On the Climate Impact of Surface Roughness Anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-scale deployment of wind power may alter climate through alteration of surface roughness. Previous research using GCMs has shown large-scale impacts of surface roughness perturbations but failed to elucidate the dynamic mechanisms that ...

Daniel B. Kirk-Davidoff; David W. Keith

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Microsoft Word - CX Memo LaPineShunt  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Michael Gilchrist Michael Gilchrist Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: LaPine Substation Shunt Reactor Addition Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: LaPine, Deschutes County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to add equipment at its LaPine Substation in Deschutes County, Oregon to improve regional transmission voltage stability and increase transmission network efficiency. The site is located on land managed by the U.S. Forest Service. BPA would install a 230-kilovolt (kV) shunt reactor bank, bus bar and associated electrical work in the northeast corner of the substation tract. The substation fenceline and groundmat would be

125

Slash Pine Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Slash Pine Elec Member Corp Slash Pine Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Slash Pine Elec Member Corp Place Georgia Utility Id 17290 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting 100 Watt HPS Security Light Lighting Outdoor Lighting 1000 Watt HPS Flood Light* Lighting Outdoor Lighting 1000 Watt MH Flood Light* Lighting Outdoor Lighting 1500 Watt MH Flood Light* Lighting Outdoor Lighting 175 Watt HPS Security Light Lighting Outdoor Lighting 250 Watt HPS Security Light Lighting

126

Diffuse scattering of hard x rays from rough surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffuse scattering of hard x rays from rough solid surfaces has been measured and described quantitatively in terms of an improved distorted-wave Born approximation. The rough surface is characterized by the rms roughness ?, the height-height correlation length ?, and the roughness exponent h. The value for ? is in excellent agreement with that deduced from reflectivity. The significance of the parameters ?, ?, and h is tested by comparison with the results obtained from scanning force mircoscopy.

Wolfgang Weber and Bruno Lengeler

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Rough-Fuzzy MLP: Modular Evolution, Rule Generation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they are integrated and evolved. Rough set dependency rules are generated directly from the real valued attribute Terms--Soft computing, knowledge-based fuzzy networks, rough sets, genetic algorithms, pattern efficient systems in soft computing paradigm. Recently, the theory of rough sets [2], [3] has emerged

Mitra, Sushmita

128

ROUGH EVOLUTION EQUATIONS MASSIMILIANO GUBINELLI AND SAMY TINDEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with respect to [12], and set the basis of a real rough path expansion in order to define and solve equation (2ROUGH EVOLUTION EQUATIONS MASSIMILIANO GUBINELLI AND SAMY TINDEL Abstract. We show how to generalize Lyons' rough paths theory in order to give a pathwise meaning to some non-linear infinite

Tindel, Samy - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

129

ROUGH SET APPROXIMATIONS: A CONCEPT ANALYSIS POINT OF VIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROUGH SET APPROXIMATIONS: A CONCEPT ANALYSIS POINT OF VIEW Yiyu Yao University of Regina, Regina and content of data, definable concepts, lower and upper ap- proximations, rough set approximations Contents 1. Conclusion Bibliography Biographical Sketches Summary Rough set theory was proposed by Pawlak for analyzing

Yao, Yiyu

130

A study of the rough set for image understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the rough set approach for image understanding by Peter Golibrzuch Supervisor: Prof. Dr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Rough Sets 15 3.1 Classical Set Theory and Rough Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2 Information Systems

131

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis and Knowledge Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis and Knowledge Spaces Feifei Xu1,2 , Yiyu Yao2 a generalized definition of rough set approximations, based on a subsystem of subsets of a universe. The sub set approximations. 1 Introduction Rough set theory [6, 7] is an extension of the set theory with two

Yao, Yiyu

132

Probabilistic Approaches to Rough Sets Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probabilistic Approaches to Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science University of Regina reviews probabilistic approaches to rough sets in gran- ulation, approximation, and rule induction and probabilistic rough set approximations are studied. The probabilistic approximations are defined in a decision

Yao, Yiyu

133

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek1 and Andrzej Skowron2 1 Department of Computer Science and Zhu [2] and discuss some consequences of that and related facts for the development of rough set theory. Key words: rough set, matroid 1 Introduction The goal of this note is to provide a proof

Marek, Victor W.

134

Relational Interpretations of Neighborhood Operators Rough Set Approximation Operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relational Interpretations of Neighborhood Operators and Rough Set Approximation Operators Y.Y. Yao and rough set approximations using the more familiar notion of binary relations. A special class of neigh sets, partitions, coverings. 1 INTRODUCTION The theory of rough sets is motivated by practical needs

Yao, Yiyu

135

Generalized Rough Set Models Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Rough Set Models Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science Lakehead University Thunder the rough set theory in early eighties, many proposals have been made for generalizing and interpreting rough sets [3, 4, 19, 27, 37, 38, 39, 46, 47, 51, 52, 54, 55, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 83, 92

Yao, Yiyu

136

Scattering by infinite one-dimensional rough surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...wave scattering by infinite rough surfaces and interfaces (see...but only if we assume that the rough surface approaches a flat boundary...plane-wave incidence), if our rough surface is periodic and the...we denote by BC(V ) the set of functions bounded and continuous...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Attribute Reduction in Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attribute Reduction in Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Yiyu Yao, Yan Zhao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4S 0A2 Abstract Rough set theory can, and interpreted by, a decision-theoretic model, which is a probabilistic extension of the Pawlak rough set model

Yao, Yiyu

138

Spinning rough disc moving in a rarefied medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...body under consideration is a rough disc, that is, a set obtained from a circle by...Triangular cavity. The sets B m representing the rough disc B are regular m-gons...2009 bBilliard scattering on rough sets:two-dimensional caseSIAM...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING. AUR?LIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal with Volterra equations driven by rough paths. For an arbitrary positive constant T, this kind of equation can

Tindel, Samy - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

140

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING AUR´ELIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal with H equations driven by rough paths. For an arbitrary positive constant T, this kind of equation can be written

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A New Approach to Fuzzy-Rough Nearest Neighbour Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-norm), as well as with the recently introduced vaguely quantified rough sets. Preliminary results are very good- gredients of rough set theory, i.e., lower and upper approximation. In this paper, therefore, we present, including the traditional implicator/t-norm based model [13], as well as the vaguely quantified rough set

Gent, Universiteit

142

Rough Set Approximation Framework for Smarter Vertical Handovers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Rough Set Approximation Framework for Smarter Vertical Handovers Nalin ChakooO, Saewoong to support seamless mobility. In this paper, we propose rough set based decision framework for vertical handoff in heterogeneous networks. We apply fuzzy decision to fuzzy-rough set which gives us the advantage

Bahk, Saewoong

143

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. A game-theoretic approach for learning optimal parameter values for probabilistic rough set. The decision-theoretic rough set model acquires initial values for these parameters through a combination

Yao, JingTao

144

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING. AUR?LIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL, the main dierence between classical dierential equations driven by rough signals and our Volterra setting of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal

Deya, Aurélien - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

145

An Incremental, Probabilistic Rough Set Approach to Rule Discovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Incremental, Probabilistic Rough Set Approach to Rule Discovery Ning Zhong, Ju­Zhen Dong, Setsuo Ohsuga, Tsau Young Lin Abstract--- This paper introduces an incremental, proba­ bilistic rough set. The approach is based on the combination of Generaliza­ tion Distribution Table (GDT) and the rough set

Lin, Tsau Young

146

Fuzzy Rough Sets: from Theory into Practice Chris Cornelis1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Rough Sets: from Theory into Practice Chris Cornelis1 , Martine De Cock1 , Anna Maria 1, 00-661 Warsaw, Poland annrad@mini.pw.edu.pl Abstract Fuzzy sets and rough sets address two], 1965), as well as the slightly younger rough sets (Pawlak [23], 1982), have left an important mark

Gent, Universiteit

147

Bounds on the electrical resistance between contacting elastic rough bodies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...conductance for the rough contact problem...be restricted to a set of microscopic `actual...comprises an in nite set of highly clustered...of indentation of a rough surface. These bounds...Consequences for fractal rough surfaces The bounds...comprises an in nite set of point contacts...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values Y.Y. Yao Department2 E-mail: wong@cs.uregina.ca abstract The notion of rough sets is generalized by using an arbitrary attribute values. The adoption of other types of relations enables us to define various classes of rough set

Yao, Yiyu

149

Using Rough Sets Theory to predict German Word Stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Rough Sets Theory to predict German Word Stress Stefan Rapp Michael Jessen Grzegorz Dogil 14 Rough Set Theory [Paw82, Paw91] is a framework for reasonably deal­ ing with imprecise or uncertain data application of a Rough Set based machine learning algorithm is presented that can predict german word stress

Reyle, Uwe

150

Fuzzy Rough Positive Region based Nearest Neighbour Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Wales, UK Email: rkj@aber.ac.uk Abstract--This paper proposes a classifier that uses fuzzy rough set fuzzy rough set theory to improve the FNN algorithm have some shortcomings and we overcome them by using vaguely quantified rough sets (VQRSs, [7]). In this paper, we show that FRNN only takes into account one

Gent, Universiteit

151

Multi-Adjoint Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelisa,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Adjoint Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelisa,1 , Jes´us Medinab,2 , Nele Verbiesta a Department/t-norm based fuzzy rough set model based on a family of adjoint pairs. Rather than using a fixed implicator use in data reduction. 1. Introduction Fuzzy sets and rough sets model two complementary

Gent, Universiteit

152

Uncertainty measures of rough set prediction Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainty measures of rough set prediction Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software in rough set data analysis, the approximation quality, is of limited value when there is a choice of competing models for predicting a decision variable. In keeping within the rough set philosophy of non

Düntsch, Ivo

153

Statistical Evaluation of Rough Set Dependency Analysis Ivo Dntsch1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Evaluation of Rough Set Dependency Analysis Ivo Düntsch1 School of Information authorship implied #12;Summary Rough set data analysis (RSDA) has recently become a frequently studied databases; it is, however, not clear from within the methods of rough set analysis, whether the extracted

Düntsch, Ivo

154

Rough Sets, Kernel Set, and Spatiotemporal Outlier Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Sets, Kernel Set, and Spatiotemporal Outlier Detection Alessia Albanese, Member, IEEE, Sankar with the outlier detection problem in spatiotemporal data and describe a rough set approach that finds the top outliers in an unlabeled spatiotemporal data set. The proposed method, called Rough Outlier Set Extraction

Pal, Sankar Kumar

155

Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation Sankar K. Pal, Fellow, IEEE, and Pabitra a fuzzy granulation of the feature space. Rough set theory is used to obtain dependency rules which model-life data sets. Index Terms--Case-based reasoning, linguistic representation, rough dependency rules

Mitra, Pabitra

156

Theory of free surface flow over rough seeping beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...horizontal bed is assumed to be rough consisting of sediment...the other hand, in the rough flow regime (Re *70...the introduction, the set of equations (3.2...turbulent flow over a rough planar sand bed. The...The flow conditions were set in such a way that sediment...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Constructive and Algebraic Methods of the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constructive and Algebraic Methods of the Theory of Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer@flash.lakeheadu.ca This paper reviews and compares constructive and algebraic approaches in the study of rough sets operators using the binary relation. Different classes of rough set algebras are obtained from different

Yao, Yiyu

158

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm Facility Pine Tree Extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Developer Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Energy Purchaser Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Location North of Mojave CA Coordinates 35.076651°, -118.255291° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.076651,"lon":-118.255291,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Recreation and Tourism and the Future in Lodgepole Pine Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recreation and Tourism and the Future in Lodgepole Pine Forests: Pros and ConsPros and Cons Stuart, Roads and recreational areas with hazard trees threaten, Power lines and utility corridors disrupted Watersheds damaged by wildfires. Changes in recreational experience / tourism experience Aesthetic values (e

160

Surface roughness of anodized titanium coatings.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of grade five 6Al4V titanium alloy were coated with two commercial fluoropolymer anodizations (Tiodize and Canadize) and compared. Neither coating demonstrates significant outgassing. The coatings show very similar elemental analysis, except for the presence of lead in the Canadize coating, which may account for its lower surface friction in humid environments. Surface roughness has been compared by SEM, contact profilometry, optical profilometry, power spectral density and bidirectional scattering distribution function (BSDF). The Tiodize film is slightly smoother by all measurement methods, but the Canadize film shows slightly less scatter at all angles of incidence. Both films exhibited initial friction coefficients of 0.2 to 0.4, increasing to 0.4 to 0.8 after 1000 cycles of sliding due to wear of the coating and ball. The coatings are very similar and should behave identically in most applications.

Dugger, Michael Thomas; Chinn, Douglas Alan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A minimal axiom group for rough set based on quasi-ordering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set axiomatization is one aspect of rough set study to characterize rough set theory using dependable and minimal axiom groups. Thus, rough set theory can be studied by logic and axiom system methods. The c...

Jian-hua Dai; Wei-dong Chen; Yun-he Pan

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

White-Tailed Deer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer Nature Bulletin No. 208-A November 27, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WHITE-TAILED DEER. In October, 1621, the Pilgrims decreed a harvest festival -- a holiday so that all might "after a more special manner, rejoice together". They had a good yield from the 20 acres of "Indian corn" which Squanto, the friendly Patuxet redskin had showed them how to plant in little mounds properly spaced and tended -- each fertilized with three herring placed like the spokes of a wheel, with the heads toward the center. They invited Massasoit, chief of the neighboring tribes, but when he arrived with 90 hungry braves, it was necessary for some of these to go out and kill five deer.

163

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

165

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

167

Improving the Scalability of Reduct Determination in Rough Sets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Rough Set Data Analysis (RSDA) is a non-invasive data analysis approach that solely relies on the data to find patterns and decision rules. Despite its (more)

Mahmood, Shahid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Algebraic approach to dependency of knowledge on rough set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The explosion of knowledge crops up embarrassing situations for the human beings to advance the research work in respect of comprehending uncertainty. A number of critical studies by the researchers had developed new theories and models in the past decades about roughness and fuzziness of the objects. Rough set and intuitionistic fuzzy set are some advancing theories which help the quest of dealing with vagueness and uncertainty. The present paper aims at drawing rough set and intuitionistic fuzzy sets together for establishing a new concept of rough intuitionistic fuzzy set in algebraic method where core and dependency of knowledge has been re-conceptualised for a boarder perspective.

Debadutta Mohanty

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metal/insulator Interfaces...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Work Function. Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metalinsulator Interfaces on Metal Work Function. Abstract: We evaluate the performance of different van der Waals (vdW)...

170

A DEEPLY ECLIPSING DETACHED DOUBLE HELIUM WHITE DWARF BINARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using Liverpool Telescope+RISE photometry we identify the 2.78 hr period binary star CSS 41177 as a detached eclipsing double white dwarf binary with a 21,100 K primary star and a 10,500 K secondary star. This makes CSS 41177 only the second known eclipsing double white dwarf binary after NLTT 11748. The 2 minute long primary eclipse is 40% deep and the secondary eclipse 10% deep. From Gemini+GMOS spectroscopy, we measure the radial velocities of both components of the binary from the H{alpha} absorption line cores. These measurements, combined with the light curve information, yield white dwarf masses of M{sub 1} = 0.283 {+-} 0.064 M{sub sun} and M{sub 2} = 0.274 {+-} 0.034 M{sub sun}, making them both helium core white dwarfs. As an eclipsing, double-lined spectroscopic binary, CSS 41177 is ideally suited to measuring precise, model-independent masses and radii. The two white dwarfs will merge in roughly 1.1 Gyr to form a single sdB star.

Parsons, S. G.; Marsh, T. R.; Gaensicke, B. T. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Drake, A. J. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd, CA 91225 (United States); Koester, D. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Kiel (Germany)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

171

A magnetic white dwarf in a detached eclipsing binary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SDSS J030308.35+005444.1 is a close, detached, eclipsing white dwarf plus M dwarf binary which shows a large infrared excess which has been interpreted in terms of a circumbinary dust disk. In this paper we present optical and near-infrared photometric and spectroscopic data for this system. At optical wavelengths we observe heated pole caps from the white dwarf caused by accretion of wind material from the main-sequence star on to the white dwarf. At near-infrared wavelengths we see the eclipse of two poles on the surface of the white dwarf by the main-sequence star, indicating that the white dwarf is magnetic. Our spectroscopic observations reveal Zeeman split emission lines in the hydrogen Balmer series, which we use to measure the magnetic field strength as 8MG. This measurement indicates that the cyclotron lines are located in the infrared, naturally explaining the infrared excess without the need for a circumbinary dust disk. We also detect magnetically-confined material located roughly midway between t...

Parsons, S G; Gnsicke, B T; Schreiber, M R; Bours, M C P; Dhillon, V S; Littlefair, S P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Signs of a faint disc population at polluted white dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of atmospheric metals and dust discs around white dwarfs provide important clues to the fate of terrestrial planetary systems around intermediate mass stars. We present Spitzer IRAC observations of 15 metal polluted white dwarfs to investigate the occurrence and physical properties of circumstellar dust created by the disruption of planetary bodies. We find subtle infrared excess emission consistent with warm dust around KUV 15519+1730 and HS 2132+0941, and weaker excess around the DZ white dwarf G245-58, which, if real, makes it the coolest white dwarf known to exhibit a 3.6 micron excess and the first DZ star with a bright disc. All together our data corroborate a picture where 1) discs at metal-enriched white dwarfs are commonplace and most escape detection in the infrared (possibly as narrow rings), 2) the discs are long lived, having lifetimes on the order of 10^6 yr or longer, and 3) the frequency of bright, infrared detectable discs decreases with age, on a timescale of roughly 500 Myr, su...

Bergfors, Carolina; Dufour, Patrick; Rocchetto, Marco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Rough surface mitigates electron and gas emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heavy-ion beams impinging on surfaces near grazing incidence (to simulate the loss of halo ions) generate copious amounts of electrons and gas that can degrade the beam. We measured emission coefficients of {eta}{sub e} {le} 130 and {eta}{sub 0} {approx} 10{sup 4} respectively, with 1 MeV K{sup +} incident on stainless steel. Electron emission scales as {eta}{sub e} {proportional_to} 1/cos({theta}), where {theta} is the ion angle of incidence relative to normal. If we were to roughen a surface by blasting it with glass beads, then ions that were near grazing incidence (90{sup o}) on smooth surface would strike the rims of the micro-craters at angles closer to normal incidence. This should reduce the electron emission: the factor of 10 reduction, Fig. 1(a), implies an average angle of incidence of 62{sup o}. Gas desorption varies more slowly with {theta} (Fig. 1(b)) decreasing a factor of {approx}2, and along with the electron emission is independent of the angle of incidence on a rough surface. In a quadrupole magnet, electrons emitted by lost primary ions are trapped near the wall by the magnetic field, but grazing incidence ions can backscatter and strike the wall a second time at an azimuth where magnetic field lines intercept the beam. Then, electrons can exist throughout the beam (see the simulations of Cohen, HIF News 1-2/04). The SRIM (TRIM) Monte Carlo code predicts that 60-70% of 1 MeV K{sup +} ions backscatter when incident at 88-89{sup o} from normal on a smooth surface. The scattered ions are mostly within {approx}10{sup o} of the initial direction but a few scatter by up to 90{sup o}. Ion scattering decreases rapidly away from grazing incidence, Fig. 1(c ). At 62 deg. the predicted ion backscattering (from a rough surface) is 3%, down a factor of 20 from the peak, which should significantly reduce electrons in the beam from lost halo ions. These results are published in Phys. Rev. ST - Accelerators and Beams.

Molvik, A

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

174

Sandia National Laboratories: White Light Creation Architectures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TechnologiesWhite Light Creation Architectures White Light Creation Architectures Overview of SSL White Light Creation Architectures The entire spectral range of visible light can...

175

THE WHITE HOUSE | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean Energy Cooperation...

176

THE WHITE HOUSE | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE More Documents & Publications Audit Report: IG-0473 Lapse Documents Inspection Report: IG-0397...

177

BPA White Book (generation/planning)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generation > Planning > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov BPA White Book BPA Whitebook 2013 White Book BPA publishes the Pacific...

178

City of Pine Bluffs, Wyoming (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bluffs, Wyoming (Utility Company) Bluffs, Wyoming (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Pine Bluffs Place Wyoming Utility Id 15051 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Electrical Household Residential General Electrical Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1250/kWh Commercial: $0.1050/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Pine_Bluffs,_Wyoming_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410

179

Pine Tree Fitchburg Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fitchburg Biomass Facility Fitchburg Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Fitchburg Biomass Facility Facility Pine Tree Fitchburg Sector Biomass Owner Suez Renewable Energy NA Location Westminster, Massachusetts Coordinates 42.5459227°, -71.9106308° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5459227,"lon":-71.9106308,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

180

Pine Tree Bethlehem Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bethlehem Biomass Facility Bethlehem Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pine Tree Bethlehem Biomass Facility Facility Pine Tree Bethlehem Sector Biomass Owner Suez Renewable Energy NA Location Bethlehem, New Hampshire Coordinates 44.27998°, -71.690941° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.27998,"lon":-71.690941,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Pine Lake, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Lake, Georgia: Energy Resources Pine Lake, Georgia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.7937162°, -84.2060309° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7937162,"lon":-84.2060309,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

182

PinonPine IGCC Power Project: A DOE Assesment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Piñon Pine IGCC Power Project Piñon Pine IGCC Power Project A DOE Assessment DOE/NETL-2003/1183 December 2002 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Road Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 P.O. Box 10940, 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 West Third Street, Suite 1400 Tulsa, OK 74103-3519 website: www.netl.doe.gov 2 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference

183

Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pulp Biomass Facility Pulp Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility Facility Alabama Pine Pulp Sector Biomass Location Monroe County, Alabama Coordinates 31.5119068°, -87.460397° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.5119068,"lon":-87.460397,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Pembroke Pines, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pembroke Pines, Florida: Energy Resources Pembroke Pines, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 26.0031465°, -80.223937° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.0031465,"lon":-80.223937,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

185

Southern Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.1740471°, -79.3922539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.1740471,"lon":-79.3922539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Southern Pine Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pine Elec Power Assn Pine Elec Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 17647 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Agriculture/Farm Multi-Phase Commercial Commercial General Service (Under 75 kVA) Commercial Commercial Large General Service (75 kVA - 1000 kVA) Commercial Commercial/Small power Commercial Distributed Generation Rider Commercial Industrial General Service (Under 75 kVA) Industrial Industrial Large General Service (75 kVA - 1000 kVA) Primary Voltage

187

EIS-0215: Pinon Pine Power Project, Tracy Station, NV  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) prepared this statement to assess the environmental and human health issues associated with the Pinon Pine Power Project, a proposed demonstration project that would be cost-shared by DOE and the Sierra Pacific Power Company (SPPCo.) under DOE's Clean Coal Technology Program. The proposed Federal action is for DOE to provide cost-shared funding support for the construction and operation of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a coal-fired power generating facility, which would be a nominal, 800-ton-per-day (104 megawatt (MW) gross generation) air-blown, Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle plant proposed by SPPCo. at its Tracy Power Station near Reno, Nevada.

188

Pine Mountain, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Pine Mountain, GA) (Redirected from Pine Mountain, GA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.6759423°, -84.1149163° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.6759423,"lon":-84.1149163,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

White House honors Los Alamos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White House honors Los Alamos physicist's early career work July 10, 2009 Los Alamos, New Mexico, July 10, 2009-The White House today announced that Los Alamos National Laboratory...

190

Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, August 1992--December 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a nominal 104 MWe (gross) integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient and reliable and that are able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Power Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal. The Pinon Pine Power Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV.

NONE

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy Plantations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This abstract outlinse a project that is designing and demonstrating a high productivity system to harvest, process, and transport woody biomass from southern pine plantations.

192

Carbon isotope discrimination, radial growth, and NDVI share spatiotemporal responses to precipitation in Aleppo pine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A common pattern in Aleppo pine ? 13 C responses to both spatial and temporal variability in precipitation was observed, with a...

Jorge del Castillo; Jordi Voltas; Juan Pedro Ferrio

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - austrian black pine Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o Summary: ATTACKED: Hard pines - Scotch, Jack,...

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - aged scots pine Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection: Renewable Energy 3 Oleksyn, Tjoelker and Reich Adaptation to Changing Environment in Scots Pine...

195

Optimal management on uneven-aged Scots pine stands in Finland.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this study was to define economically optimal stand structures and harvesting cycles for uneven-aged Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Finland. According (more)

Rsnen, Jenni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Alexander Pines, 1988 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

1980's Alexander Pines, 1988 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Chemistry: For his brilliant innovations in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which...

197

White Grubs in Texas Turfgrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than are males. For this reason, turning off outdoor lights during adult flight periods may not sub- stantially reduce subsequent white grub damage. Heavy white grub infestations often can be found in areas with little or no outdoor lighting. After... than are males. For this reason, turning off outdoor lights during adult flight periods may not sub- stantially reduce subsequent white grub damage. Heavy white grub infestations often can be found in areas with little or no outdoor lighting. After...

Merchant, Michael E.; Biles, Stephen; Mott, Dale

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

198

Counterintuitive MCNPX Results for Scintillator Surface Roughness Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have reported on our recent MCNPX simulation results of energy deposition for a group of 8 scintillation detectors, coupled with various rough surface patterns. The MCNPX results generally favored the detectors with various rough surface patterns. The observed MCNPX results are not fully explained by this work.

None

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

199

Integrating rough set and genetic algorithm for negative rule extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rule extraction is an important issue in data mining field. In this paper, we study the extraction problem for the complete negative rules of the form R ? D. By integrating rough set theory and genetic algorithm, we propose ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, negative rule, rough sets, rule extraction

Junyu Liu; Yubao Liu; Yan Long

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Discovering Concurrent Process Models in Data: A Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the lecture is to provide a survey of state of the art related to a research direction concerning relationships between rough set theory and concurrency in the context of process mining in data. The main goal of this review is the general ... Keywords: Knowledge discovery, Petri nets, concurrent systems, data mining, process mining, rough sets

Zbigniew Suraj

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

White Baneberry and Red Baneberry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 White Baneberry and Red Baneberry Actaea pachypoda and Actaea rubra buttercup family (ranunculaceae) both white baneberry and red baneberry are poisonous plants native to the northeast inhabit swamps. Range: white baneberry--parts of the canadian mari- times and the southern border

Landweber, Laura

202

White Ranch Wetlands Biological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Ranch Wetlands Biological Survey and Permanent Vegetation Monitoring Plots Prepared for: U Services Building Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 March 1998 #12;WHITE RANCH WETLANDS assessment of the White Ranch wetlands. In addition we set up permanent plots along transects to collect

203

Biographical Sketch DOUGLAS R. WHITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biographical Sketch DOUGLAS R. WHITE i. Professional Preparation University of Minnesota. Murdock and Douglas R. White. Social Dynamics and Complexity eScholarship Repositories http://repositories.cdlib.org/imbs/socdyn/wp/Standard_Cross-Cultural_Sample/ 2007 Role Models for Complex Networks, Joerg Reichart and Douglas R. White. European Physical Journal B

White, Douglas R.

204

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sbastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwnalle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

205

White Papers | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White Papers Subscribe to RSS - White Papers Image: There is currently no content classified with this term....

206

Population Structure, Association Mapping of Economic Traits and Landscape Genomics of East Texas Loblolly Pine ( Pinus taeda L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) is an ecologically and economically important southern pine, distributed across the southeastern United States. Its genetic improvement for breeding and deployment is a major goal of the Western Gulf Forest Tree...

Chhatre, Vikram E.

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

Ethanol production from SPORL-pretreated lodgepole pine: preliminary evaluation of mass balance and process energy efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lodgepole pine from forest thinnings is a potential feedstock for ethanol production. In this study, lodgepole pine was converted to ethanol with a yield of 276L per ... was quais-simultaneously saccharified enz...

J. Y. Zhu; Wenyuan Zhu; Patricia OBryan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

White Dwarfs in Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review empirical and theoretical findings concerning white dwarfs in Galactic globular clusters. Since their detection is a critical issue we describe in detail the various efforts to find white dwarfs in globular clusters. We then outline the advantages of using cluster white dwarfs to investigate the formation and evolution of white dwarfs and concentrate on evolutionary channels that appear to be unique to globular clusters. We also discuss the usefulness of globular cluster white dwarfs to provide independent information on the distances and ages of globular clusters, information that is very important far beyond the immediate field of white dwarf research. Finally, we mention possible future avenues concerning globular cluster white dwarfs, like the study of strange quark matter or plasma neutrinos.

S. Moehler; G. Bono

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

209

Transport Theory for Shallow Water Propagation with Rough Boundaries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At frequencies of about 1 kHz and higher, forward scattering from a rough sea surface (and/or a rough bottom) can strongly affect shallow water propagation and reverberation. The need exists for a fast, yet accurate method for modeling such propagation where multiple forward scattering occurs. A transport theory method based on mode coupling is described that yields the first and second moments of the field. This approach shows promise for accurately treating multiple forward scattering in one-way propagation. The method is presently formulated in two space dimensions, and Monte-Carlo rough surface PE simulations are used for assessing the accuracy of transport theory results.

Thorsos, Eric I.; Henyey, Frank S.; Elam, W. T.; Hefner, Brian T.; Reynolds, Stephen A.; Yang Jie [Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, 1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States)

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

210

PHOTO GUIDE FOR APPRAISING DOWNED WOODY MASTICATED FUELS IN INTERIOR PONDEROSA PINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHOTO GUIDE FOR APPRAISING DOWNED WOODY MASTICATED FUELS IN INTERIOR PONDEROSA PINE FORESTS AND LODGEPOLE PINE COVER TYPES THIS PHOTO GUIDE IS BEING DEVELOPED BY FOREST STEWARDSHIP CONCEPTS, LTD WITH THE COLORADO FOREST RESTORATION INSTITUTE AT COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY #12;This photo series on downed woody

211

Describing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of leaf area of a wide variety of loblolly pine trees. FOR. SCI. 51(2):93­101. Key Words: ProbabilityDescribing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function Mauricio Jerez fractions of leaf area calculated with fitted SB functions matched measured values well; cumulative values

Cao, Quang V.

212

FOR 4110/5159 Ecology and Restoration of the Longleaf Pine Ecosystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR 4110/5159 Ecology and Restoration of the Longleaf Pine Ecosystem 3 credits Spring 2013 Instructors: Dr. Debbie Miller, Ph.D. Associate Professor Wildlife Ecology and Conservation 5988 Hwy. 90, Bldg description: History, structure, function and ecological and economic importance of longleaf pine ecosystems

Slatton, Clint

213

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Generalized Infinitive Rough Sets Based on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Generalized Infinitive Rough Sets Based propose equivalent form of lower and upper approximations in binary relational rough set model in ways variable precision rough set model to variable precision binary relational rough set model. Index Terms-rough

Lin, Tsau Young

214

Pinon pine project. Annual report, January 1995--December 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) coal-fired integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient, reliable and able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal as the design fuel. Testing will also be performed on a high-sulfur eastern coal. The Pinon Pine Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV. This new unit will be designated as Tracy Unit No. 4. SPPCo, the project participant, has contracted with the Foster Wheeler USA Corporation (FW USA) for the overall project management, engineering, procurement and construction of the project. FW USA in turn has subcontracted with The M.W. Kellogg Company (MWK) for the engineering and procurement of key components for the Gasifier Island.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Using climatic and soils information to project loblolly pine growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of EPIC verification data sets. 103 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Results of original (1st) and revised (2nd)s biomass and residue functions. Page 33 2. Map of loblolly' pine range showing counties used in calibration. 38 3 ~ Plot of yield versus yield... for each species. Growth is measured as an increase in diameter rather than an increase in volume and is a function of leaf area. Height, leaf weight, and volume are functions of the diameter. Total above-ground biomass in Mg/ha is estimated for all...

Farmer, Diane Beth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, January--December 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project is a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient and reliable and that are able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Title Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2004 Authors Liu, Gao, John B. Kerr, and Stephen G. Johnson Journal Synthetic Metals Volume 144 Pagination 1-6 Keywords dark spot, failure mechanism, interface, ito surface, oled Abstract The failure behaviors of ITO/PEDOT;PSS/polyfluorene/Al devices are different depending on the surface roughness of the sputtered ITO anode film. The spikes on ITO surface are responsible for the initial local shorts of the device, which develop into dark spots very quickly. Indium adsorption is observed on the polymer and Al cathode interface. A chemical etching procedure is used to smoothen the ITO surface without changing the ITO thickness and the sheet resistance. Devices made out of smooth ITO show minimum changes at polymer-cathode interface during operation.

218

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

219

Influence of surface roughness and waviness upon thermal contact resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work deals with the phenomenon of thermal resistance between contacting solids. Attention is directed towards contiguous solids possessing both surface roughness and waviness. When two such surfaces are brought together ...

Yovanovich, M. Michael

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ice friction: The effects of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity on ice friction is studied systematically over a wide range of temperature and sliding speeds using several metallic interfaces. Hydrophobicity in combination with controlled roughness at the nanoscale is achieved by femtosecond laser irradiation to mimic the lotus effect on the slider's surface. The controlled roughness significantly increases the coefficient of friction at low sliding speeds and temperatures well below the ice melting point. However, at temperatures close to the melting point and relatively higher speeds, roughness and hydrophobicity significantly decrease ice friction. This decrease in friction is mainly due to the suppression of capillary bridges in spite of the presence of surface asperities that facilitate their formation. Finally, grooves oriented in the sliding direction also significantly decrease friction in the low velocity range compared to scratches and grooves randomly distributed over a surface.

Kietzig, Anne-Marie; Hatzikiriakos, Savvas G.; Englezos, Peter [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3 (Canada)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hardware Accelerator Design Based on Rough Set Philosophy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a design of hardware accelerator for algorithms of rough set theory. A hardware implementation of incremental reduct ... becomes more visible when dealing with larger data sets.

K. S. Tiwari; A. G. Kothari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Discovering Concurrent Process Models in Data: A Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the lecture is to provide a survey of state of the art related to a research direction concerning relationships between rough set theory and concurrency in the context of process mining in data. The...

Zbigniew Suraj

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH Abstract. We use a wave packet the Simons Foundation (# 266371 to Hart Smith). 1 #12;2 HART F. SMITH H¨ormander's theorem [9] on propagation

Smith, Hart F.

224

Effect of Surface Roughness on Wind Turbine Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind farm operators observe production deficits as machines age. Quantifying deterioration on individual components is difficult, but one potential explanation is accumulation of blade surface roughness. Historically, wind turbine airfoils were...

Ehrmann, Robert Schaefer

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

225

New Hampshire Directory of Sawmills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Soon after, New Hampshire's patriots joined in the American Revolution, not for tea but to protect Green Lumber, Cants/Timbers, Pallets/Crates, Sawdust Barton Lumber Co., Inc. (Sawmill Not Presently, Retail, Custom Sawing, Custom Planing Species: White Pine, Hemlock, Red Pine Products: Rough Green Lumber

New Hampshire, University of

226

Effect of surface roughness and adsorbates on superlubricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the sliding of elastic solids in adhesive contact with flat and rough interfaces. We consider the dependence of the sliding friction on the elastic modulus of the solids. For elastically hard solids with planar surfaces with incommensurate surface structures we observe extremely low friction (superlubricity), which very abruptly increases as the elastic modulus decreases. We show that even a relatively small surface roughness or a low concentration of adsorbates may completely kill the superlubricity state.

V. N. Samoilov; C. Yang; U. Tartaglino; B. N. J. Persson

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

227

THE WHITE HOUSE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency Action Plan Energy Efficiency Action Plan Today, President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao announced the launch of a new U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Action Plan to strengthen the economy, improve energy security and combat climate change by reducing energy waste in both countries. The United States and China consume over 40 percent of global energy resources, costing businesses and households in the two countries roughly $1.5 trillion per year. Working together to improve energy efficiency in buildings, industry and consumer products, the United States and China can reduce spending on imported and highly polluting sources of energy and reinvest in new sources of economic growth and job creation. The U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Action Plan will help achieve this through:

228

Demystifying White Spaces Xuemin Hongl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demystifying White Spaces Xuemin Hongl , Cheng-Xiang Wangl , John Thompson2 , and Yan Zhang3 1Joint.wang@hw.ac.uk.john.thompson@ed.ac.uk. yanzhang@ieee.org Abstract-White spaces refer to the unused frequency voids across time or space. The vast existence of white spaces has been validated by many measurements and is widely regarded as an undesirable

Wang, Cheng-Xiang

229

Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach as a Proper Way of Handling Graduality in Rough Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Referring to some ideas of Leibniz, Frege, Boole and ?ukasie-wicz, we represent fundamental concepts of rough set theory in terms of a generalization that ... permits to deal with the graduality of fuzzy sets. Ou...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo; Roman S?owi?ski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

On Asymptotic Properties of Rough Set Theoretic Approximations. Fractal Dimension, Exact Sets, and Rough Inclusion in Potentially Infinite Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We look at asymptotic properties of rough set approximations exploiting them to three-fold purpose ... , to define the notion of an exact set in infinite information system to the result that so defined exact sets

Lech Polkowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Restoring a disappearing ecosystem: the Longleaf Pine Savanna.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) savannas of the southeastern United States contain some of the worlds most diverse plant communities, along with a unique complement of wildlife. Their traditionally open canopy structure and rich understory of grasses and herbs were critical to their vigor. However, a long history of land-use practices such as logging, farming, and fire exclusion have reduced this once-widespread ecosystem to only 3 percent of its original range. At six longleaf pine plantations in South Carolina, Tim Harrington with the Pacific Northwest Research Station and collaborators with the Southern Research Station used various treatments (including prescribed burns, tree thinning, and herbicide applications) to alter the forest structure and tracked how successful each one was in advancing savanna restoration over a 14-year period. They found that typical planting densities for wood production in plantations create dense understory shade that excludes many native herbaceous species important to savannas and associated wildlife. The scientists found that although tree thinning alone did not result in sustained gains, a combination of controlled burning, thinning, and herbicide treatments to reduce woody plants was an effective strategy for recovering the savanna ecosystem. The scientists also found that these efforts must be repeated periodically for enduring benefits.

Harrington, Timothy B. [USFS; Miller, Karl V. [University of Georgia; Park, Noreen

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Fabrication and characterization of nanofibrillated cellulose and its aerogels from natural pine needles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To obtain the nanofibriled cellulose from natural pine needles, a combination of chemical pretreatments and subsequently ultrasonic treatments was employed for removing the hemicelluloses and lignins and splitting the bundled cellulose into pine needle nanofibres. Using SEM and diameter distribution method, it was confirmed that the obtained pine needle nanofibres had a narrow diameter from 30-70nm. The crystalline type of the pine needle nanofibres was the cellulose I type. The crystallinity reached 66.19%, which was increased by 7.61% as compared with the raw material pine needles. The TGA and DTG results showed that the degradation temperature of the nanofibres was increased to approximately 267C and 352C compared with 221C and 343C of the raw material fibres, respectively. Furthermore, the highly flexible and ultralight pine needle nanofibres aerogels were prepared from the aqueous pine needle nanofibres solution using the freezing-drying technique. Aerogels were studied by SEM observation and nitrogen gas adsorption. The mechanical properties were measured in compression for aerogels. This study provides a new opportunity to fabricate novel nanomaterials from waste biomass materials, which is crucial for the fully utilising of abundant biomass resources.

Shaoliang Xiao; Runan Gao; Yun Lu; Jian Li; Qingfeng Sun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

white-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 A Comparison of Shipboard and Island Observations from the Combined Sensor Program A. B. White Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado NOAA-Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado C. W. Fairall and M. J. Post NOAA-Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction Two issues concerning the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Stations (ARCS) are these: To what degree are the measurements obtained from the island ARCS influenced by the islands themselves? What is the spatial representativeness of measurements from individual ARCS in the TWP region? The 1996 Combined Sensor Program (CSP) (Post et al. 1997) gave an opportunity to address these questions by providing

234

THE WHITE HOUSE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WASHINGTON August 29, 1994 MEMORANDUM FOR CABINET MEMBER AND FULL-TIME EXECUTIVE BRANCH PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTEES FROM: LLOYD N. CUTLER SPECIAL COUNSEL TO THE PRESIDENT SUBJECT: Use of Company Aircraft and Accommodations As Presidential appointees, the actions we take reflect directly upon this Administration and on the President. We must therefore adhere strictly to the Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive Branch (Standards), 5. C.F.R. Part 2635. In addition, we must meet the even higher standard of avoiding conduct, however lawful, that public opinion regards as inappropriate for a Presidential appointee. In this spirit, the White House Chief of Staff has directed me to issue the following policy on the use, by Cabinet members and other full-time Executive Branch Presidential

235

Game-theoretic rough sets for recommender systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recommender systems guide their users in decisions related to personal tastes and choices. The rough set theory can be considered as a useful tool for predicting recommendations in recommender systems. We examine two properties of recommendations with rough sets. The first property refers to accuracy or appropriateness of recommendations and the second property highlights the generality or coverage of recommendations. Making highly accurate recommendations for majority of the users is a major hindrance in achieving high quality performance for recommender systems. In the probabilistic rough set models, these two properties are controlled by thresholds ( ? , ? ) . One of the research issues is to determine effective values of these thresholds based on the two considered properties. We apply the game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) model to obtain suitable values of these thresholds by implementing a game for determining a trade-off and balanced solution between accuracy and generality. Experimental results on movielen dataset suggest that the GTRS improves the two properties of recommendations leading to better overall performance compared to the Pawlak rough set model.

Nouman Azam; JingTao Yao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Pink/White (ladies' only) Light Blue/White (ladies' only)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pink/White (ladies' only) Light Blue/White (ladies' only) White/Stone Dill/Dark Green Slate Blue/Navy (men's only) Stone/Fawn Red/Black (men's only) Navy/White Black/Heather (men's only) Black/White with a delicate 4-button placket. Feminine fit that looks great tucked in or out. Ladies' Colors: Black/White

Wechsler, Risa H.

237

Black-white asymmetry in visual perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tion of black and white in human vision. Investi- gativeneural responses to black and white ments are balanced, weand observers. The black white asymmetry with a 1.28 is

Lu, Z.-L.; Sperling, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Hayden White: Frontiers of Consciousness at UCSC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of consciousness. Hayden White: Frontiers of Consciousnessyou had a very motley crew. White: A motley crew, to put itIn the capitalist context. White: You can sell the human,

UCSC Library, Regional History Project; White, Hayden; Vanderscoff, Cameron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

White fibrous papulosis of the neck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Shimuzu H, et al. White fibrous papulosis of the neck:4079076] 2. Shimizu H, et al. White fibrous papulosis of the2666457] 3. Cerio R, et al. White fibrous papulosis of the

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

An improved attribute reduction scheme with covering based rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Attribute reduction is viewed as an important preprocessing step for pattern recognition and data mining. Most of researches are focused on attribute reduction by using rough sets. Recently, Tsang et al. discussed attribute reduction with covering rough sets in the paper (Tsang et al., 2008), where an approach based on discernibility matrix was presented to compute all attribute reducts. In this paper, we provide a new method for constructing simpler discernibility matrix with covering based rough sets, and improve some characterizations of attribute reduction provided by Tsang et al. It is proved that the improved discernibility matrix is equivalent to the old one, but the computational complexity of discernibility matrix is relatively reduced. Then we further study attribute reduction in decision tables based on a different strategy of identifying objects. Finally, the proposed reduction method is compared with some existing feature selection methods by numerical experiments and the experimental results show that the proposed reduction method is efficient and effective.

Changzhong Wang; Mingwen Shao; Baiqing Sun; Qinghua Hu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Generalisation of rough set for rule induction in incomplete system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set models based on the tolerance and similarity relations, have been widely used to deal with incomplete information systems. However, tolerance and similarity relations have their own limitations because the former is too loose while the latter is too strict in classification analysis. To make a reasonable and flexible classification in incomplete information system, a new binary relation is proposed in this paper. Such binary relation is only reflexive and it is a generalisation of tolerance and similarity relations. Furthermore, rough set models based on the above three different binary relations are compared. Finally, the direct approach to rules induction is investigated by using the proposed rough set, some illustrative examples are analysed to substantiate the conceptual arguments.

Xibei Yang; Xiaoning Song; Xiaohua Hu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Inhomogeneous Cooling of the Rough Granular Gas in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the inhomogeneous clustered regime of a freely cooling granular gas of rough particles in two dimensions using large-scale event driven simulations and scaling arguments. During collisions, rough particles dissipate energy in both the normal and tangential directions of collision. In the inhomogeneous regime, translational kinetic energy and the rotational energy decay with time $t$ as power-laws $t^{-\\theta_T}$ and $t^{-\\theta_R}$. We numerically determine $\\theta_T \\approx 1$ and $\\theta_R \\approx 1.6$, independent of the coefficients of restitution. The inhomogeneous regime of the granular gas has been argued to be describable by the ballistic aggregation problem, where particles coalesce on contact. Using scaling arguments, we predict $\\theta_T=1$ and $\\theta_R=1$ for ballistic aggregation, $\\theta_R$ being different from that obtained for the rough granular gas. Simulations of ballistic aggregation with rotational degrees of freedom are consistent with these exponents.

Sudhir N. Pathak; Dibyendu Das; R. Rajesh

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

Rough and Ready Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Ready Biomass Facility and Ready Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Rough and Ready Biomass Facility Facility Rough and Ready Sector Biomass Owner Rough and Ready Lumber Co. Location Cave Junction, Oregon Coordinates 42.1628912°, -123.6481235° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.1628912,"lon":-123.6481235,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

244

Lori Ann White | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lori Ann White About Us Lori Ann White - Science Writer, SLAC Office of Communications Most Recent President Obama Honors Sidney Drell with National Medal of Science February 4...

245

Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elec Coop, Inc Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc Place Alabama Utility Id 17646 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Security Light: 100 Watt High Pressure Sodium (HPS) Lighting Security Light: 175 Watt Mercury Vapor Lighting Security Light: 400 Watt High Pressure Sodium (HPS) Lighting Security Light: 400 Watt Mercury Vapor Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.1140/kWh Commercial: $0.0956/kWh Industrial: $0.0928/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

246

Determination of interfacial roughness using X-ray scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystal truncation rod (CTR) scattering is shown to be a powerful technique for determining interfacial roughness non-destructively. By measuring the decay of scattering away from a Bragg reflection in the surface direction an rms roughness of the surface or interface can be extracted. The authors obtain rms roughness values with an accuracy of {+-} 0.1 {angstrom}. Sensitivity to lateral length scale roughness ranges from the wavelength of the x-rays to between 1,000--10,000 {angstrom} depending on the instrument function and the specific truncation rod. The influence of different cleans, as well as the thermal oxidation process, on the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface is investigated. A hot water treatment prior to the thermal oxidation is shown to roughen the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface. CTR scattering results also show a smoothing of the interface as a result of the oxidation process even for as little as 60 {angstrom} of thermal oxidation. Comparison between AFM and CTR scattering gives a consistent picture of the relative roughness of the wafers, although the absolute numbers do not agree. The differences in the absolute values can be explained by the lateral roughness scale that the two techniques measure, indicating that it is at periodicities below {approx} 100 {angstrom} that the increased roughness observed by the x-ray is found. Crystal truncation rods are shown to be perpendicular to the surface and not along the crystallographic axes of a miscut crystal. It is shown that for a crystal terminated by a regular step array both an atomistic and a continuum description of CTR scattering give identical results. Furthermore, the atomistic approach is used to show that a diamond cubic surface with a miscut is inherently rough. Even for a small miscut the tilt of the CTR with respect to the crystallographic axes results in complications for measuring the rod intensity. The authors present schemes for determining the exact position of the CTR in reciprocal space and for measuring the miscut of a single crystal. These methods were applied to the measurement of CTR intensities of silicon(001) wafers with miscuts of 0.1 and 4 degrees.

Munkholm, A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Growth and Chemical Responses to CO2 Enrichment Virginia Pine (Pinus  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growth and Chemical Responses to CO2 Enrichment Virginia Pine (Pinus Growth and Chemical Responses to CO2 Enrichment Virginia Pine (Pinus Virginiana Mill.) (1985) (NDP-009) image Data Investigators R. J. Luxmoore, R. J. Norby, E. G. O'Neill, D. G. Weller, J. M. Ells, and H. H. Rogers From June 28 to October 29 in 1982, Virginia pine seedlings were exposed to elevated CO2 levels in open-top growth chambers at one of four concentrations (75, 150, 300, and 600 ppm above ambient). Plant dry weight; height; stem diameter; and chemical contents of leaf, stem, and root tissues were measured before and after exposure. Soil variables were also characterized. These data illustrate the short-term physical and chemical response of Virginia pine seedlings to elevated levels of CO2. The data are in seven files: initial dry weights before exposure (844 kB), dry weights after

248

MICROBIAL RESPIRATION RESPONSE TO C, N, AND P AVAILABILITY IN LOBLOLLY PINE FOREST SOILS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requires further experimental inquiry. Managed pine forests in the Southeastern U.S. represent a good opportunity for studying the effects of nutrient additions because they commonly receive nitrogen and phosphorous fertilization. Nutrient concentrations...

Whisenant, Justin

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

249

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Pine Mountain...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

air-tight 1.0-1.8 ACH50 construction, spray-foamed walls and attics, and high-efficiency heat pumps with fresh-air intake. Pine Mountain Builders - Georgia More Documents &...

250

Chitinase production in pine callus (Pinus sylvestris L.): a defense reaction against endophytes?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In shoot tip-derived tissue cultures of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), browning and subsequent degeneration of the culture is accompanied by lipid peroxidation and lignification of cells, which are characteri...

Anna Pirttil; Hanna Laukkanen; Anja Hohtola

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Development of SolGel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of SolGel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy ... Energy

Qitao Fu; Xinghua Wu; Divya Kumar; Jeffrey W. C. Ho; Pushkar D. Kanhere; Narasimalu Srikanth; Erjia Liu; Peter Wilson; Zhong Chen

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

252

Duality, Conjugacy and Adjointness of Approximation Operators in Covering Based Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duality, Conjugacy and Adjointness of Approximation Operators in Covering Based Rough Sets Mauricio approximation operators in covering-based rough sets. In this paper, we establish relationships between the most for the generalized rough set model based on a binary relation. Key words: rough sets, coverings, approximations

Granada, Universidad de

253

Effective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, set in a channel with a rough boundary, of small amplitude and wavelength . It was shown recently thatEffective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition. Anne, for any non-degenerate roughness pattern, and for any reasonable condition imposed at the rough boundary

Gerard-Varet, David - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

254

Granular computing, rough entropy and object extraction Sankar K. Pal a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of image object extraction in the framework of rough sets and granular computing is addressed. A mea- sure of rough entropy are described. ? 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Rough sets; Entropy in the process of prob- lem solving. Recently, rough set theory (Pawlak, 1991) has become a popular mathematical

Mitra, Pabitra

255

Algebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for intelligent controls, is a mathematical formalism that integrates fuzzy logic, rough sets , evolutionary: control, fuzzy logic, evolutionary computing, modal logic, rough logic, rough set. 1 IntroductionAlgebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu Martin Wildberger 2

Lin, Tsau Young

256

On Generalizing Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science, University of Regina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Generalizing Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina formulations of the standard rough set theory. It demonstrates how those formulations can be adopted to develop different generalized rough set theories. The relationships be- tween rough set theory and other theories

Yao, Yiyu

257

Characterization of neighborhood operators for covering based rough sets, using duality and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of neighborhood operators for covering based rough sets, using duality@ugr.es Abstract Covering based Rough Sets are an important general- ization of Rough Set Theory. Basically for these approximation operators. Keywords: rough sets, coverings, approximations, neighborhood operator, order relation

Granada, Universidad de

258

Semantics of Fuzzy Sets in Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semantics of Fuzzy Sets in Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science University of rough sets. Rough membership func- tions are viewed as a special type of fuzzy membership functions and rough membership functions, between core and support of fuzzy set theory and lower and upper

Yao, Yiyu

259

Improved global bathymetry, global sea floor roughness, and deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ocean and the increased mixing over rough topography by proposing that tidal dissipation was a power

Becker, Joseph Jeffrey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Improved Global Bathymetry, Global Sea Floor Roughness, and Deep Ocean Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ocean and the increased mixing over rough topography by proposing that tidal dissipation was a power

Becker, Joseph J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Storage Business Model White Paper  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Storage Business Model White Paper Storage Business Model White Paper Summary June 11 2013 Storage Business Model White Paper - Purpose  Identify existing business models for investors/operators, utilities, end users  Discuss alignment of storage "value proposition" with existing market designs and regulatory paradigms  Difficulties in realizing wholesale market product revenue streams for distributed storage - the "bundled applications" problem  Discuss risks/barriers to storage adoption and where existing risk mitigation measures fall down  Recommendations for policy/research steps - Alternative business models - Accelerated research into life span and failure modes

262

The impact of sheared vs. sawn timber in the typical southern pine plywood mill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPACT OF SHEARED VS' SAWN TIMBER IN THE TYPICAL SOUTHERN PINE PLYWOOD MILL A Thesis by RUSSELL GARRETT SWINNEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Forestry THE IMPACT OP SHEARED VS. SAWN T1MBER IN THE TYPICAL SOUTHERN PINE PLYWOOD MILI A Thesis by RUSSELL GARRETT SWINNEY Approved as to style and content by: Jease ( hair of mmi Jy...

Swinney, Russell Garrett

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The effects of water and heat stress on protein synthesis in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF WATER AND HEAT STRESS ON PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IN LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) A Thesis CHRYS HULBERT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subjett: Plant Physiology THE EFFECTS OF WATER AND HEAT STRESS ON PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IN LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) A Thesis CHRYS HULBERT Approved as to style and content by: Ronald . Newton I (Co...

Hulbert, Chrys

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

First Order Rough LogicRevisited T.Y. Lin 1;2 and Qing Liu 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on axiomatic rough set theory, first order rough logic was developed earlier. In this paper, a new model theory and rough set theory. Rough set theory is based on a known equivalence relation (indis­ cernibility relation equivalence relation. How­ ever, to see clearly the relationships between rough logic and rough set theories

Lin, Tsau Young

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult beech trees Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

resinosa Pine Pinaceae 6 White Pine Pinus strobus Pine Pinaceae Conifers - Trees with scale-like leaves... White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Cypress Cupressaceae Broad Leaf -...

266

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice Abstract: In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height above the surface at which the wind speed the theory and measurement of the aerodynamic and scalar roughness lengths over snow and sea ice. The data

267

Fluid squeeze-out between solids with rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the fluid squeeze-out from the interface between an elastic solid with a flat surface and a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface. As an application we discuss fluid squeeze-out between a tire tread block and a road surface. Some implications for the leakage of seals are discussed, and experimental data are presented to test the theory.

B. Lorenz; B. N. J. Persson

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

268

Multilayer roughness and image formation in the Schwarzschild objective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the effect of multilayer-surface-roughness-induced scattering in the image formation of the Schwarzschild objective (SO) used in the spectromicroscope MAXIMUM. The two mirrors comprising the SO are coated with Ru/B{sub 4}C multilayers that have a peak reflectivity at 130 eV. We had long observed that a diffuse x-ray background surrounds the focused x-ray spot. The spatial resolution remains at 0.1 {mu}m in spite of this. However, since a significant fraction of the flux is lost to the background, since too large an area of the sample is illuminated, and since the S/N ratio is degraded, the origins of this effect merit investigation. This diffuse background resulting from x-ray scattering at the surface of the mirrors was mapped out using bidirectional knife edge scans. Complementary surface roughness simulations were carried out with the ray-tracing program SHADOW. AFM experiments were also done to directly measure the surface roughness and power spectrum of representative multilayers. Following curve fitting, it was possible to classify Gaussian components in both the measured and simulated profiles as arising from scattering occurring at either the convex primary mirror or the concave secondary mirror. Together with geometrical analysis, these techniques permitted us to track the image formation process of an actual optical system in the presence of surface roughness. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Singh, S.; Solak, H.; Cerrina, F. [University of Wisconsin, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)] [University of Wisconsin, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Neutron scattering by rough surfaces at grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are a number of calculations in the literature of the effect of statistical surface roughness on the specular and diffuse scattering of neutrons and x rays which impinge on surfaces at grazing incidence. These calculations do not agree with one another and in some cases lack internal consistency. In this paper I show that these discrepancies can be resolved within the distorted-wave Born approximation. The result I obtain for the specular reflectivity is the widely used version of Nevot and Croce, while that for the diffuse scattering is the same as a recent calculation by Sinha, Sirota, Garoff, and Stanley. The approximations made by Nevot and Croce are clearly revealed by the distorted-wave Born approximation. A simple numerical algorithm is proposed for the calculation of diffuse scattering from a surface whose roughness is self-affine, and the form of the scattering is calculated for a range of parameters within this model. The calculation of diffusion scattering is extended in this paper to the case of films with rough surfaces. Correlation between roughness at the two film surfaces is considered and shown to be important for the description of neutron reflectivity data obtained with a thin film of titanium deposited on a sapphire substrate.

Roger Pynn

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Reduce redundant broadcasting in MANETs using rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) consists of wireless hosts which may move often. The movement of hosts results in frequent changes in paths. In these cases, finding a path from source to destination becomes difficult. The well-known Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) and Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) are routing protocols which are in vogue to determine a route when no route exists or a route breaks. As such to establish a new path from source to destination, it broadcasts control packets (route request packets), which increase the network bandwidth consumption. As MANETs have limited bandwidth, it is essential to reduce the control packets. We propose mathematical models which use the concept of rough set and Weighted Rough Set (WRS) to minimise the route request packets in the existing AODV and DSR routing protocols. Rough set theory is a mathematical tool to deal with vagueness, uncertainty; and WRS theory is an extension to rough set theory which also considers the importance of the objects.

A. Nagaraju; S. Ramachandram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Graph and matrix approaches to rough sets through matroids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rough sets are efficient for attribute reduction and rule extraction in data mining. However, many important problems including attribute reduction in rough sets are NP-hard, therefore the algorithms to solve them are often greedy. Matroids, generalized from linear independence in vector spaces, provide well-established platforms for greedy algorithm design. In this paper, we use graph and matrix approaches to study rough sets through matroids. First, we construct an isomorphism from equivalence relations to 2-circuit matroids, and then propose graph representations of lower and upper approximations through the graphic matroid. We also study graph representations of lower and upper approximations by that of the dual of the matroid. Second, in light of the fact that the relational matrix is a representable matrix of the matroid induced by an equivalence relation, matrix representations of lower and upper approximations are obtained with the representable matrix of the matroid. In a word, borrowing from matroids, this work presents two interesting views, graph and matrix ones, to investigate rough sets.

Shiping Wang; Qingxin Zhu; William Zhu; Fan Min

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Stereo-Vision-Based Obstacle Avoidance in Rough Outdoor Terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on chemical or nuclear plants are only a few possible scenarios. Unmanned vehicles could patrol frontiers and powerful robot navigation system for rough and vegetated outdoor terrain. Vegetation in that context of natural disasters, large-scale accidents and terrorism. Fire infernos, hurricanes, air crashes and attacks

Berns, Karsten

273

Mask roughness induced LER: geometric model at long correlation lengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collective understanding of how both the resist and line-edge roughness (LER) on the mask affect the final printed LER has made significant advances. What is poorly understood, however, is the extent to which mask surface roughness couples to image plane LER as a function of illumination conditions, NA, and defocus. Recently, progress has been made in formulating a simplified solution for mask roughness induced LER. Here, we investigate the LER behavior at long correlation lengths of surface roughness on the mask. We find that for correlation lengths greater than 3/NA in wafer dimensions and CDs greater than approximately 0.75/NA, the previously described simplified model, which remains based on physical optics, converges to a 'geometric regime' which is based on ray optics and is independent of partial coherence. In this 'geometric regime', the LER is proportional to the mask slope error as it propagates through focus, and provides a faster alternative to calculating LER in contrast to either full 2D aerial image simulation modeling or the newly proposed physical optics model. Data is presented for both an NA = 0.32 and an NA = 0.5 imaging system for CDs of 22-nm and 50-nm horizontal-line-dense structures.

McClinton, Brittany M.; Naulleau, Patrick P.

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

274

Multilayer roughness and image formation in the Schwarzschild objective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a study of the effect of multilayer?surface?roughness?induced scattering in the image formation of the Schwarzschild objective (SO) used in the spectromicroscope MAXIMUM. The two mirrors comprising the SO are coated with Ru/B4C multilayers that have a peak reflectivity at 130 eV. We had long observed that a diffuse x?ray background surrounds the focused x?ray spot. The spatial resolution remains at 0.1 ?m in spite of this. However since a significant fraction of the flux is lost to the background since too large an area of the sample is illuminated and since the S/N ratio is degraded the origins of this effect merit investigation. This diffuse background resulting from x?ray scattering at the surface of the mirrors was mapped out using bidirectional knife edge scans. Complementary surface roughness simulations were carried out with the ray?tracing program SHADOW. AFM experiments were also done to directly measure the surface roughness and power spectrum of representative multilayers. Following curve fitting it was possible to classify Gaussian components in both the measured and simulated profiles as arising from scattering occurring at either the convex primary mirror or the concave secondary mirror. Together with geometrical analysis these techniques permitted us to track the image formation process of an actual optical system in the presence of surface roughness.

S. Singh; H. Solak; F. Cerrina

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Studies of the 3D surface roughness height  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nowadays nano-coatings occupy more and more significant place in technology. Innovative, functional coatings acquire new aspects from the point of view of modern technologies, considering the aggregate of physical properties that can be achieved manipulating in the production process with the properties of coatings surfaces on micro- and nano-level. Nano-coatings are applied on machine parts, friction surfaces, contacting parts, corrosion surfaces, transparent conducting films (TCF), etc. The equipment available at present for the production of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with highest quality is based on expensive indium tin oxide (ITO) material; therefore cheaper alternatives are being searched for. One such offered alternative is zink oxide (ZnO) nano-coatings. Evaluating the TCF physical and mechanical properties and in view of the new ISO standard (EN ISO 25178) on the introduction of surface texture (3D surface roughness) in the engineering calculations, it is necessary to examine the height of 3D surface roughness, which is one of the most significant roughness parameters. The given paper studies the average values of 3D surface roughness height and the most often applied distribution laws are as follows: the normal distribution and Rayleigh distribution. The 3D surface is simulated by a normal random field.

Avisane, Anita; Rudzitis, Janis; Kumermanis, Maris [Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Riga Technical University, Ezermalas str. 6k, Riga (Latvia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

276

Engineer in the White House  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Staff at the White House is a powerful figure. The present incumbent, Mr John Sununu, has the distinction of having himself run for elected office and of being ...

John Maddox

1990-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

White House Tribal Nations Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On December 5, 2012, President Obama will host representatives invited from each of the 566 federally recognized American Indian tribes, and Alaska Native Villages, at the 2012 White House Tribal...

278

Sandia National Laboratories: white LED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

white LED Brief History of Solid-State Lighting Technology On June 5, 2013, in Semiconductor electroluminescence was first reported by H.J. Round in 1907, and the first...

279

EIS-0443: Project Financing for Southwest Intertie Project- South, Clark, Lincoln, Nye, and White Pine Counties, Nevada  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Western Area Power Administration, is considering whether to provide partial financing of the southern portion of the Southwest lntertie Project (SWIP-South) which consists of approximately 235 miles of 500- kilovolt (kV) transmission line.

280

ForPeerReview White Racialized Identities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ForPeerReview White Racialized Identities 1 Empirical research into the racialization of white identities in British Sociology In their introduction to a collection of papers on whiteness, Twine and Gallagher (2007: 5) label the empirical studies of localised whiteness as it intersects with class, nation

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Tutorial Created in Comsol 4.3 (2012) #12;R. White Variables ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Finite Element Analysis (FEA / FEM) ­ 1

White, Robert D.

282

The influence of auxin concentration and duration of treatment on the rooting of girdled slash pine cuttings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Smeltzer, and R. L. Mott. 1978. Hormonal control of induced organogenesis: experimen+s with excised plant parts o+ loblollv pine. Tappi 61:37-40. Miegern, F. 1955. Air-layering of slash pines. J For 53:265-270. Mohammed, S. and E. N. Eriksen. 1974. Root.... Smeltzer, and R. L. Mott. 1978. Hormonal control of induced organogenesis: experimen+s with excised plant parts o+ loblollv pine. Tappi 61:37-40. Miegern, F. 1955. Air-layering of slash pines. J For 53:265-270. Mohammed, S. and E. N. Eriksen. 1974. Root...

Cunningham, Michael Wesley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

On the union and intersection operations of rough sets based on various approximation spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algebraic structures and lattice structures of rough sets are basic and important topics in rough sets theory. In this paper we pointed out that a basic problem had been overlooked, that is the closeness of union and intersection operations of rough approximation pairs, i.e. (lower approximation, upper approximation). We present that the union and intersection operations of rough approximation pairs are closed for classical rough sets and two kinds of covering based rough sets, but not for twenty kinds of covering based rough sets and the generalized rough sets based on fuzzy approximation space. Moreover, we proved that the union and intersection operations of rough fuzzy approximation pairs are closed and a bounded distributive lattice can be constructed.

Xiaohong Zhang; Jianhua Dai; Yucai Yu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Impact of Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties P. Minnis 1 , P. W. Heck 2 , R. F. Arduini 3 , R. Palikonda 3 , J. K. Ayers 3 , M. M. Khaiyer 3 , P. Yang 4 , Y. Xie 4 3 Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA 1 NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Current Cirrus Models Inadequate Cirrus cloud optical depths τ (heights z e ) are often over (under) estimated when derived from solar reflectances. In situ data suggest smaller asymmetry factors, g, than used in most retrieval models. Multi-angle measurements point to smoother phase functions than for solid, smooth xtals. Calculations show that solid crystals with roughened facets or embedded bubbles --both observed in real cirrus particles-- yield smoother phase functions & smaller g

285

A modified electrospark alloying method for low surface roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified electrospark alloying method has been developed. The method allows the formation of deposits with low surface roughness compared to that of the conventional electrospark alloying method. It is based on the employment of a sequence of identical pulse groups. The process of electrospark deposition and the process of electrospark grinding were combined by forming pulse groups consisting of a high energy pulse for mass transfer from treating electrode to substrate and low energy pulses for grinding during deposition. Low as-deposited surface roughness was succeeded by properly selecting parameters of the pulses in a group and pauses between them. Experimental results revealed that the proposed method is useful in forming onetwo layers of deposition.

Alexander V. Ribalko; Orhan Sahin; Kemal Korkmaz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Investigating memetic algorithm in solving rough set attribute reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Attribute reduction is the problem of selecting a minimal subset from the original set of attributes. Rough set theory has been used for attribute reduction with much success. Since it is well known that finding a minimal subset is a NP-hard problem; therefore, it is necessary to develop efficient algorithms to solve this problem. In this work, we propose a memetic algorithm-based approach inside the rough set theory which is a hybridisation of genetic algorithm and simulated annealing. The proposed method has been tested on UCI data sets. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of this memetic approach when compared with previous available methods. Possible extensions upon this simple approach are also discussed.

Majdi Mafarja; Salwani Abdullah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Distributed Receptivity . . . . . 6 2. FACILITY DESCRIPTION - THE KLEBANOFFSARIC WIND TUNNEL 11 2.1 Test Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Fan and Motor... of this dissertation describes the KlebanoffSaric Wind Tunnel facility, which was used for this experiment. Section 3 describes the experimental setup (roughness design and the flat plate model) and defines the metrics by which the flow field is decomposed...

Kuester, Matthew Scott

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

288

Some aspects of drought resistance in loblolly pine seedlings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POUh ixD sENUDE NL CuLP NI9DFUD9 UP rEh cEORD )h XPFDu sxP LO((DLUD9 UxD aEPFuDm CI9 xDuaD9 NI UxD NINUNCUNPI Pn UxD LUO95h ,OI9L sDED mC9D CqCNuCFuD F5 C nDuuPsLxNa C9mNINLUECUD9 F5 UxD iDtCL ,PEDLU TDEqNRD CI9 nNICIRD9 F5 LDqDECu nPEDLU NI9OLUENDL... of sunflower and loblolly pine and its significance for drought resistance 70 Introduction 70 1C(D 1C(D pDLOuUL CI9 9NLROLLNPI 8w YxCaUDE 0h ,CRUPEL PUxDE UxCI auCIU RxCECRUDEL sxNRx mC5 xCqD RPIUENFOUD9 UP UxD LOEqNqCu Pn uPFuPuu5 aNID NI uPRCuNUNDL s...

Brix, Holger

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

289

Performance and value of CAD-deficient pine- Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The southern US produces 58% of the nation's timber, much of it grown in intensively managed plantations of genetically improved loblolly pine. One of the fastest-growing loblolly pine selections made by the NCSU-Industry Cooperative Tree Improvement Program, whose progeny are widely planted, is also the only known natural carrier of a rare gene, cadn1. This allele codes for deficiency in an enzyme, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of lignin precursors. This study is to characterize this candidate gene for marker-assisted selection and deployment in the breeding program. This research will enhance the sustainability of forest production in the South, where land-use pressures will limit the total area available in the future for intensively managed plantations. Furthermore, this research will provide information to establish higher-value plantation forests with more desirable wood/fiber quality traits. A rare mutant allele (cad-n1) of the cad gene in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) causes a deficiency in the production of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD). The effects of this allele were examined by comparing wood density and growth traits of cad-n1 heterozygous trees with those of wild-type trees in a 10-year-old open-pollinated family trial growing under two levels of fertilization in Scotland County, North Carolina. In all, 200 trees were sampled with 100 trees for each treatment. Wood density measurements were collected from wood cores at breast height using x-ray densitometry. We found that the substitution of cad-n1 for a wild-type allele (Cad) was associated with a significant effect on wood density. The cad-n1 heterozygotes had a significantly higher wood density (+2.6%) compared to wild-type trees. The higher density was apparently due to the higher percentage of latewood in the heterozygotes. The fertilization effect was highly significant for both growth and wood density traits. While no cad genotype x treatment interactions was found for any of the traits studied, in the fertilized plots, the effect of the cad-n1 allele on wood density was reduced. The study indicates that the cad-n1 allele could be a valuable gene to the pulp and paper industry for the purpose of enhancing pulp yields through increasing wood density. Stem growth and wood density associated with a mutant null (cad-n1) allele were examined in three 15-year-old loblolly pine diallel tests, established on two sites in the southern United States. In each diallel test, one or two cad-n1 heterozygous parents were crossed with five unrelated wild-type parents, to produce five or ten full-sib families. In all, 839 trees from 20 full-sib families in four genetic backgrounds (a cad-n1 heterozygote x 5 unrelated trees) were sampled, genotyped at the cad locus, and assessed for growth and wood density traits. In a combined analysis of all four genetic backgrounds, we found evidence for effects of increased wood density associated with the cad-n1 allele at age 15 (p=0.03) years and height growth at ages 6 (p=0.03) and 15 (p=0.005). There were large differences in the cad-n1 effects for the various growth and wood traits among the diallel tests. This variation may be due to either different genetic backgrounds among the parents of the different diallel tests, or for different growing environments at the field sites. Even though the cad-n1 effect on growth and wood density was significant across genetic backgrounds, the effect was variable among full-sib families within backgrounds. We speculate that certain wild-type alleles from second parents specifically interact with cad-n1 producing large positive effects. In addition, pleiotropic effects on growth and wood density appear to be associated with the cad-n1 allele. While substantial gains are possible through deployment of trees carrying cad-n1, these gains may be family-specific and should be verified for each cross through field testing.

Bailian Li; Houmin Chang; Hasan Jameel

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Capillary adhesion between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I study how the contact area and the work of adhesion, between two elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces, depend on the relative humidity. The surfaces are assumed to be hydrophilic, and capillary bridges form at the interface between the solids. For elastically hard solids with relative smooth surfaces, the area of real contact and therefore also the sliding friction, are maximal when there is just enough liquid to fill out the interfacial space between the solids, which typically occurs for $d_{\\rm K} \\approx 3 h_{\\rm rms}$, where $d_{\\rm K}$ is the height of the capillary bridge and $h_{\\rm rms}$ the root-mean-square roughness of the (combined) surface roughness profile. For elastically soft solids, the area of real contact is maximal for very low humidity (i.e., small $d_{\\rm K}$), where the capillary bridges are able to pull the solids into nearly complete contact. In both case, the work of adhesion is maximal (and equal to $2\\gamma {\\rm cos}\\theta$, where $\\gamma$ is the liquid surface tension and $\\theta$ the liquid-solid contact angle) when $d_{\\rm K} >> h_{\\rm rms}$, corresponding to high relative humidity.

B. N. J. Persson

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Rough-fuzzy Classifier Modeling Using Data Repository Sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reflects the trends of the past years based on the diffusion of various traditional approaches and methods when tackling new problems. Two components of the computational intelligence (CI) are applied, rough and fuzzy sets theory. These components permit one to operate with uncertainty data. The current knowledge in the investigated field is summarized and briefly explained. It also deals with uncertainty in an information system and the two approaches, the fuzzy sets (FSs) and rough sets theory (RST), for operating it. The proposal and implementation of a rough-fuzzy classifier (RFC) is modified. RFC uses the rules generated by RSTbox. The databases IRIS and WINE were chosen for verification. The classification results were compared with the results of other classification methods are applied on these databases. Finally, we summarized the presented problems. Based on the above stated facts it can be claimed that the proposed modified algorithm, \\{RSTbox\\} and RFC model are functional. The model is relatively successful (compared to other approaches), and by using it two classification databases can be carried out. This model is proposed in MATLAB.

Jiri Krupka; Pavel Jirava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Interpretation of equilibria in game-theoretic rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Intelligent decision making models aim at improving the quality of decision making under uncertainty. The fundamental issues that are generally encountered in these models are too many options to choose from and the involvement of contradictory decision making criteria. The game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) model provides an intelligent decision making mechanism that exploits a game-theoretic environment for analyzing strategic situations between cooperative or conflicting decision making criteria in the probabilistic rough set framework. The concept of equilibria is of central importance in the GTRS model which has not been sufficiently addressed in the current literature. Two key issues in this regard are the interpretation of equilibria and the establishment of their existence. By reviewing, examining and defining the basic game constructs in the GTRS model, we are able to interpret an equilibrium in terms of the decision thresholds that control the rough sets based decision regions. In particular, an equilibrium is defined in terms of a pair of thresholds such that no player has a unilateral incentive to change these thresholds within the game. An example game is considered to demonstrate the use of the interpretation in determining the thresholds. The issue of existence of equilibria is addressed by considering a couple of typical two-player games in the GTRS model. The results suggest that the existence of equilibria may be established under certain limited conditions.

Nouman Azam; JingTao Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dimensional variation and roughness of LIGA fabricated microstructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the dimensional variation and sidewall roughness of features on PMMA micro- components fabricated by deep x-ray lithography in order to assess the effect of dimensional variation on subsequent assembly operations. Dimensional measurements were made using a stylus profilometer with a repeatability in step height of better than 0.01 {mu}m. Roughness measurements were made with the same profilometer scanning in a direction perpendicular to the length of the parts. 22 {mu}m and 54 {mu}m features exhibited dimensional variations described by a Gaussian distribution with standard deviations of 0.202 {mu}m and 0.381 {mu}m, respectively. This corresponds to a maximum relative variation of between 0.6% and 0.9%. Sidewall roughnesses were found to be in the range of 0.02 {mu}m to 0. 03 {mu}m, an insignificant contribution to the total variation when compared to overall dimensional variation. Several potential sources of this variation are discussed, but no single cause was identified as the source of the significant dimensional variation observed here.

Egert, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wood, R. [Microelectronics Center of North Carolina, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Malek, C.K. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Rough Fuzzy Set Model for Set-Valued Ordered Fuzzy Decision System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classical rough set theory can not be directly used to reduce knowledge in set-valued ordered fuzzy decision system. Firstly, we propose a dominance relation-based rough fuzzy set model in set-valued ordered ...

Zhongkui Bao; Shanlin Yang; Ju Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Data Mining in Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set Using Rough Set Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this study were to apply rough set model to nursing knowledge discovery process. Method: Data mining based on rough set model was conducted on a large clinical data set containing Nursing ...

M. Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Using Variable Precision Rough Set Model to Build FP-Tree of Association Rules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main mission of the variable precision rough set is to solve the problem of non- ... of association rules algorithms based on variable precision rough set model in e-commerce. The experiments show...

SuJuan Qian; ZhiQiang Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - angle deposited nano-rough Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nano-rough Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: angle deposited nano-rough Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Advanced techniques for glancing...

298

Forest structure and mortality in an old-growth Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in north-western Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest structure and mortality in an old-growth Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in north and mortality in Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forests in the Sierra San Pedro Martir (SSPM), Mexico, was done. Conifer forests in the SSPM have not experienced systematic fire suppression or harvesting making them

Stephens, Scott L.

299

Fuel treatment effectiveness in California yellow pine and mixed conifer forests H.D. Safford a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel treatment effectiveness in California yellow pine and mixed conifer forests H.D. Safford a Accepted 15 February 2012 Keywords: Fuel treatment Fire severity Yellow pine forests Mixed conifer forests or mixed conifer forests, in a variety of land- scape conditions. Most fires burned under warm, dry

North, Malcolm

300

Evaluating the role of cutting treatments, fire and soil seed banks in an experimental framework in ponderosa pine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in ponderosa pine forests of the Black Hills, South Dakota Cody L. Wienka,* , Carolyn Hull Siegb , Guy R. Mc in the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming, covering nearly 95% of the forested area (Sheppard Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 2500 South Pine Knoll, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA Received

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301

August 15, 2001: IBM ASCI White | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5, 2001: IBM ASCI White August 15, 2001: IBM ASCI White August 15, 2001: IBM ASCI White August 15, 2001 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory dedicates the "world's fastest...

302

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities How WHI-HBCU are ran White House...

303

White Papers on Materials for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

White Papers on Materials for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting White Papers on Materials for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Series of white papers from the U.S....

304

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Key Calendar Dates in Colorado's Compact Apportionments 5 #12;1 Western Water AssessmentWESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER The Effect of Changing Hydrographs on Compact Apportionments in the Western United States: A Preliminary Analysis of Potential Trouble-Spots Western Water Assessment Working

Neff, Jason

305

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science University of Colorado Boulder, Colo. 2013 Research supported by the Western Water Assessment #12 groups like the Western Governors' Association (WGA, 2011) and the State of Colorado (Klein et al., 2011WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER Tracking Socioeconomic Impacts of Drought with Rapid Analytics

Neff, Jason

306

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER Assessing Measures of Drought Impact and Vulnerability in the Intermountain West by William R. Travis, Kristin Gangwer, and Roberta Klein July 2011 #12;Western Water. Travis Kristin Gangwer Roberta Klein Western Water Assessment and Center for Science and technology

Neff, Jason

307

Joan M. Dukes Rhonda Whiting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wildlife committee; Tom Karier, chair, power committee; and Rhonda Whiting, chair, public affairs committee. Fish and Wildlife Committee chair Bill Booth reported the committee had a staff review of 2011 be #12;2 released to the region, he said. The committee had an update on wind integration, and Karier

308

Fundamenta Informaticae 108(3-4), 2011, pp. 267286 267 Game-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamenta Informaticae 108(3-4), 2011, pp. 267­286 267 IOS Press Game-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. This article investigates the Game-theoretic Rough Set (GTRS) model and its capability of analyzing a major decision problem evident in existing probabilistic rough set models. A major challenge

Yao, JingTao

309

Space Exploration and Global Optimization for Computationally Intensive Design Problems: A Rough Set Based Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and transparent. This work proposes a rough set based approach that can identify multip,le sub-regions in a design than a given level. The rough set method is applied iteratively on a growing sample set. A novel with a few well-known global optimization algorithms. Keywords: rough set, design optimization, space

Wang, Gaofeng Gary

310

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao,jtyao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Determining the correct threshold values for probabilistic rough set models has been a heated these tolerance values. 1 Introduction In rough sets [10], a set within the universe of discourse is approximated

Yao, JingTao

311

From Rough Sets to Soft Computing Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, San Jose State University,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Rough Sets to Soft Computing T.Y. Lin Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, San Jose By the invitation of the Conference Chair Professor Paul Wang, a Workshop on Rough Set Theory was held in the Second­October 1, 1995. The workshop in the setting of joint conferences provides a forum for rough setters

Lin, Tsau Young

312

Prediction of Dominant Genes Responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction of Dominant Genes Responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory Abhinandan responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory. The work takes a microarray dataset containing and attributes. Using rough set theory, redundant attributes are then determined and eliminated. The core

Gesbert, David

313

Implicator-Conjunctor Based Models of Fuzzy Rough Sets: Definitions and Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implicator-Conjunctor Based Models of Fuzzy Rough Sets: Definitions and Properties Lynn D'eer1 those proposals which generalize the logical connectives and quantifiers present in the rough set, rough sets, hybridization, lower and upper ap- proximation, implication, conjunction, axiomatic approach

Granada, Universidad de

314

Introduction to the Special Issue on Rough Sets and Soft Computing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to the Special Issue on Rough Sets and Soft Computing. T. Y. Lin Department, California 94720 . The notion of rough sets was introduced by Zdzislaw Pawlak in his seminal paper of 1982 of information systems. From the outset, rough set theory has been a methodology of database mining or knowledge

Lin, Tsau Young

315

FRPS: A Fuzzy Rough Prototype Selection method Nele Verbiest a,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Classification Fuzzy rough sets Instance selection k NN Prototype Selection a b s t r a c t The k Nearest with a reduced but reinforced dataset to pick its neighbours from. We use fuzzy rough set theory to express are instance selection methods specifically designed to improve k NN classification. Rough set theory [6

Gent, Universiteit

316

Relations in Mathematical Morphology with applications to Graphs and Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relations in Mathematical Morphology with applications to Graphs and Rough Sets John G. Stell School of Computing, University of Leeds Leeds, LS2 9JT, U.K. jgs@comp.leeds.ac.uk Abstract. Rough sets for granularity, and the question of how rough sets relate to mathe- matical morphology has been raised by Bloch

Stell, John

317

Comparison of Rough-set and Interval-set Models for Uncertain Reasoning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Rough-set and Interval-set Models for Uncertain Reasoning Y.Y. Yao and Xining Li Department of Computer Science Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1 Abstract In the rough-set of their extended set-theoretic operators. The operators in the rough-set model are not truth-functional, while

Yao, Yiyu

318

Fundamenta Informaticae 108 (2011) 249265 249 Two Semantic Issues in a Probabilistic Rough Set Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Model Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science University of Regina Regina, Canada yyao@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Probabilistic rough set models are quantitative generalizations of the classical and qual in a probabilistic rough set model. This paper examines two fundamental semantics-related questions. One

Yao, Yiyu

319

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao Department}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract One of the challenges a decision maker faces is choos- ing a suitable rough set model to use for data analysis. The traditional algebraic rough set model classifies objects into three regions, namely

Yao, JingTao

320

Personalizing information retrieval in CRISs with Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personalizing information retrieval in CRISs with Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Germán Hurtado Martín? Our approach proposes using fuzzy and rough sets to make the matching process between the users. Furthermore, both fuzzy and rough sets perform well in the presence of imperfect or missing information

Gent, Universiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Rough Sets for Uncertainty Reasoning S.K.M. Wong1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Sets for Uncertainty Reasoning S.K.M. Wong1 and C.J. Butz2 1 Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, K1N 6N5, butz@site.uottawa.ca Abstract. Rough sets have traditionally been applied to decision (clas- sification) problems. We suggest that rough sets are even better

Butz, Cory J.

322

Fundamenta Informaticae XX (2004) 118 1 A New Rough Sets Model Based on Database Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamenta Informaticae XX (2004) 1­18 1 IOS Press A New Rough Sets Model Based on Database Systems, USA jhan@csudh.edu Abstract. Rough sets theory was proposed by Pawlak in the 1980s and has been applied success- fully in a lot of domains. One of the major limitations of the traditional rough sets

Lin, Tsau Young

323

Concept Lattices in Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science, University of Regina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concept Lattices in Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina-- An alternative formulation of rough set theory can be developed based on a binary relation between two universes, one is a finite set of objects and the other is a finite set of properties. Rough set approximation

Yao, Yiyu

324

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1{21 1 Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1{21 1 IOS Press Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets V, KY 40506{0046 marek|mirek@cs.uky.edu Abstract. We study properties of rough sets, that is system. A rough set is a pair hL; U i such that L; U are de nable in the information system and L U

Truszczynski, Miroslaw

325

A Comparative Study of Formal Concept Analysis and Rough Set Theory in Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparative Study of Formal Concept Analysis and Rough Set Theory in Data Analysis Yiyu (Y@cs.uregina.ca; http://www.cs.uregina.ca/yyao Abstract. The theory of rough sets and formal concept analysis. Formal concept analysis focuses on concepts that are definable by conjuctions of properties, rough set

Yao, Yiyu

326

Neurocomputing 36 (2001) 1}3 Presenting the special issue on Rough-neuro computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, adaptation, and self-organization on the other. Granular computing including rough sets and fuzzy sets of neural networks and granular computing, in particular rough sets and fuzzy sets. There are 10 papers a way of integrating rough set theory with a fuzzy MLP using a modular evolutionary algorithm

Pal, Sankar Kumar

327

Improving SMOTE with Fuzzy Rough Prototype Selection to detect Noise in Imbalanced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Using fuzzy rough set theory, the noise level of each instance is measured, and instances for which Rough Set The- ory 1 Introduction Imbalanced classification has become an important field in data mining on fuzzy rough set theory [7]. Next, we remove all instances that have a noise

Gent, Universiteit

328

Ablation of carbon-based materials : investigation of roughness set-up from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ablation of carbon-based materials : investigation of roughness set-up from heterogeneous reactions for roughness set-up is investigated, based on the coupling between diffusive transfer in the sur- rounding and heat transfers, the importance of which relies on the surface roughness. A new possible physical cause

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

329

Generalization of Rough Sets using Modal Logics Department of Computer Science, Lakehead University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalization of Rough Sets using Modal Logics Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, Lakehead@cs.sjsu.edu Abstract The theory of rough sets is an extension of set theory with two addi­ tional unary set operators in modal logics. By explor­ ing the relationship between rough sets and modal logics, this paper

Lin, Tsau Young

330

Information Granulation and Approximation in a Decision-theoretic Model of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Granulation and Approximation in a Decision-theoretic Model of Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao in the gran- ulated universe are two related fundamental issues in the theory of rough sets. Many proposals of results from existing studies that are relevant to a decision-theoretic modeling of rough sets. Two

Yao, Yiyu

331

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Department of Computer Science, Lakehead University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao 1 Department of Computer Science and compares theories of fuzzy sets and rough sets. Two approaches for the formulation of fuzzy sets are reviewed, one is based on many-valued logic and the other is based on modal logic. Two views of rough sets

Yao, Yiyu

332

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1--21 1 Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1--21 1 IOS Press Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets V Lexington, KY 40506--0046 marek---mirek@cs.uky.edu Abstract. We study properties of rough sets, that is system. A rough set is a pair hL; Ui such that L; U are definable in the information system and L ` U

Truszczynski, Miroslaw

333

Two Views of the Theory of Rough Sets in Finite Universes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two Views of the Theory of Rough Sets in Finite Universes Y.Y. Yao 1 Department of Computer Science This paper presents and compares two views of the theory of rough sets. The operator-oriented view interprets rough set theory as an extension of set theory with two additional unary operators. Under such a view

Yao, Yiyu

334

Fuzzy Rough Set Based Web Query Expansion Martine De Cock and Chris Cornelis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Rough Set Based Web Query Expansion Martine De Cock and Chris Cornelis Fuzziness, Krijgslaan 281 (S9), 9000 Gent, Belgium {Martine.DeCock, Chris.Cornelis}@UGent.be Abstract Fuzzy rough set on average -- we focus on query ex- pansion, i.e. the process of adding related terms to the query. Rough set

Gent, Universiteit

335

Fuzzy Rough Sets: Beyond the Obvious Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, Etienne Kerre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Rough Sets: Beyond the Obvious Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, Etienne Kerre Fuzziness.Kerre@UGent.be Abstract-- Rough set theory was introduced in 1982. Soon it was combined with fuzzy set theory, giving rise. I. INTRODUCTION Pawlak [12] launched rough set theory as a framework for the construction

Gent, Universiteit

336

Incorporating Game-theoretic Rough Sets in Web-based Medical Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Game-theoretic Rough Sets in Web-based Medical Decision Support Systems JingTao Yao of game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) component in WMDSS is explored and investigated for this purpose. The GTRS is a recent development in rough sets that takes advantages from data analysis capabilities

Yao, JingTao

337

A Rough Sets Based Approach to Feature Selection M. Zhang J. T. Yao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rough Sets Based Approach to Feature Selection M. Zhang J. T. Yao Department of Computer Science. The features are measured by their necessity in heuristic feature selection techniques. Rough set theory has been used to define the necessity of features in literature. We propose a new rough set based feature

Yao, JingTao

338

Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Department of Computer Science, University of Regina,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4S 0A2 E-mail: yyao@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Decision-theoretic rough set models are a probabilistic exten- sion of the algebraic rough set model. The required parameters

Yao, Yiyu

339

Interval-valued Fuzzy-Rough Feature Selection and Application for Handling Missing Values in Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, UK {rkj,qqs}@aber.ac.uk Abstract One of the many successful applications of rough set theory has been to the area of feature selection. The rough set ideol- ogy of using only the supplied data and no other information has many benefits, where most other methods require sup- plementary knowledge. Fuzzy-rough set

Lucas, Simon M.

340

White Wind Farms Strategic Communications Campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Wind Farms is a small, startup Kansas winery located in Paola. The goal of this project was to develop a strategic marketing communications plan to assist in the growth and development of the White Wind Farms brand.....

Ford, Gina; Noulles, Mary; James, Jessica

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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341

The Honorable Michael'R. White :  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ewgy Washington,,DC 20585 ,( ; APR 0 3, 1995, The Honorable Michael'R. White : ,601 Lakeside Avenue " Cleveland, Ohio 44114 ' Dear Mayor White .,' J Secretary.of Energy Hazel...

342

White Sturgeon Bibliography, 1985 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bibliography presents citations to the majority of published materials on white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). The purpose was to assist in planning and implementing research on white sturgeon in the Columbia River system. (ACR)

Fickeisen, Duane H. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA)

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The effect of roughness on aerosol deposition in tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the Reynolds number. The data formed a peculiar dip at a Reynolds number between 2000 and 10, 000 (depending on roughness) and remained fairly constant for increased Reynolds number. Nikuradse concluded that when the thickness of the laminar layer is greater...). The experiments of Wirtz and Chen (1991) were conducted on internally transverse finned (ribbed) tubes for a Reynolds number range of 2000 - 8000 and various rib spacings (3 - 18 mm) and heights (12 - 18 mm), using air as the fluid media. Their experimental...

Chavez, Mario Cesar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

Scaling laws governing the roughness of the swash edge line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics of swash i.e. a layer of water that washes up on the beach after an incoming wave has broken is complicated and intriguing. It includes perplexed hydrodynamic and sediment transport events. In our paper we address to the roughness of the moving swash boundary at which a beach, water and air meet. We treat the behavior of this boundary as an interfacial phenomenon, without going into details of formation of edge waves and beach cusps, covered broadly in literature. This "crude" approach turns out to be productive and revealing the resemblance of the swash line with a broad diversity of effects arising from the random pinning of moving boundaries.

Ed. Bormashenko; A. Musin; R. Grynuov

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

On the relation between rough set reducts and typical testors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the relations between rough set reducts and typical testors from the so-called logical combinatorial approach to pattern recognition. Definitions, comments and observations are formally introduced and supported by illustrative examples. Furthermore, some theorems expressing theoretical relations between reducts and typical testors are enunciated and proved. We also discuss several practical applications of these relations that can mutually enrich the development of research and applications in both areas. Although we focus on the relation between the classical concepts of testor and reduct, our study can be expanded to include other types of testors and reducts.

Manuel S. Lazo-Corts; Jos Fco. Martnez-Trinidad; Jess A. Carrasco-Ochoa; Guillermo Sanchez-Diaz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Inside the White House: Solar Panels  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Go inside the White House and learn about the installation of solar panels on the roof of the residence.

347

Evidential Symmetry and Mushy Credence Roger White  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Evidential Symmetry and Mushy Credence Roger White MIT rog@mit.edu draft 4/07 The Principle arise. I'm wondering if the marble taken from this urn is black or white. I might have a rich body in the box has been selected from a shaken urn containing just five white and five black balls. Or I might

Fitelson, Branden

348

White House Forum on Minorites in Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On November 13, 2013, the Department of Energy and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Council for Environmental Quality, and the White House Office of Public Engagement co-hosted the White House Forum on Minorities in Energy. The event included the announcement of the Ambassadors for the Minorities in Energy Initiative.

349

Networks and globalization policies Douglas R. White  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Networks and globalization policies Douglas R. White 1 This Chapter argues for connecting models economy (e.g., Reichardt and White, 2007), nor of changes of position in the core-periphery economic structure (Smith and White, 1992) entail that core-periphery exchange structures are everywhere

White, Douglas R.

350

WHITE DWARFS H. M. Van Horn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHITE DWARFS H. M. Van Horn Department of Physios and Astronomy £ §.£.Kenneth Mees Observatory of matter in the dense, degenerate cores of white dwarfs, together with efficient heat transport through the high-density envelopes of these stars, affect the theoretical white dwarf lu- minosity function

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

351

White Dwarfs in Binary Systems A white dwarf orbiting another star can become active  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Dwarfs in Binary Systems A white dwarf orbiting another star can become active when the other becomes incandescent. #12;H and He from the companion build up on the white dwarf's surface. Classical. Explosions from White Dwarf Star RS Oph #12;Classical Novae: RS Ophiuci Recurrent Nova RS Ophiuci Explosions

Barnes, Joshua Edward

352

The white seabass (Atractoscion nobi-lis), also known as white weakfish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

143 The white seabass (Atractoscion nobi- lis), also known as white weakfish (Eschmeyer et al Sciaenidae (croakers and drums) that inhabits California coastal waters (Miller and Lea, 1972), white seabass and Franklin, 1992). A previous study, in which the go- nads of commercially caught white seabass were examined

353

Dr. Rick White Richard L. White received his Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dr. Rick White Richard L. White received his Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the University of WisconsinI as head of large software groups and leading the development of Hubble data analysis systems. Dr. White. White is co- investigator on the Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera, which was installed in Hubble

Zanibbi, Richard

354

Upper White River Watershed Alliance Upper White River Watershed Alliance (UWRWA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper White River Watershed Alliance Upper White River Watershed Alliance (UWRWA) P.O. Box 2065 integrity of the White River ecosystem. To successfully accomplish the vision of UWRWA, a 16-county was formed. It exists to improve and protect water quality on a watershed basis in the larger Upper White

355

White Dwarfs and Dark Matter Based on the identification of 38 white  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Dwarfs and Dark Matter Based on the identification of 38 white dwarfs with halo kinematics to conclude that they have overestimated that the density of white dwarfs with halo kinematics. Oppenheimer et al. (1) derived their local white dwarf density n via the 1/Vmax tech- nique (2). The equation

Oppenheimer, Ben R.

356

White Dwarf and Pre-White Dwarf Pulsations M. H. Montgomery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Dwarf and Pre-White Dwarf Pulsations M. H. Montgomery Department of Astronomy and Mc Observatory, Greenville, DE, USA Abstract. In this review I describe the basic properties of white dwarfs, convection, accretion, and cosmochronology. Keywords: white dwarfs, oscillations, equation of state PACS: 97

Jefferys, William

357

Influence of roughness on near-field heat transfer between two plates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface roughness correction to the near-field heat transfer between two rough bulk materials is discussed by using second-order perturbation theory. The results allow for estimating the impact of surface roughness to the heat transfer in recent experiments between two plates and between a microsphere and a plate (using the Derjaguin approximation). Furthermore, we show that the proximity approximation for describing rough surfaces is valid for distances much smaller than the correlation length of the surface roughness even if the heat transfer is dominated by the coupling of surface modes.

Svend-Age Biehs; Jean-Jacques Greffet

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

358

File:Wind rough example.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:Wind rough example.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Wind rough example.pdf Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 196 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 18:03, 2 January 2014 Thumbnail for version as of 18:03, 2 January 2014 1,650 × 1,275, 2 pages (196 KB) Foteri (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal CurriculaCategory:Wind for Schools Elementary School Curricula

359

Rough set approach to the evaluation of stormwater pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of urban stormwater quality and its impacts on the receiving water. In order to describe this phenomenon, research aimed at creating a mathematical model of pollution has been conducted. Although various deterministic and stochastic models exist already, the quality of stormwater phenomenon deserves a very careful and thoughtful validation. In order to take advantage of some empirical observations available, we introduce an inductive learning method to discover some regularities in form of ''if...then...'' rules. We suggest the use of the rough set theory for this purpose. This approach is able to process both quantitative and qualitative data and also accepts inconsistency in the dataset. The rules generated from the data explain the phenomenon in terms of relevant attributes, and can be used to predict the level of pollution from future events. We present the results of the rough set analysis of a dataset concerning five catchments in the urban area of Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland. The application of the rules to events from other catchments, particularly in France, proves the good prediction ability of our model.

Luca Rossi; Roman Slowinski; Robert Susmaga

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Rough set-based regionalisation in air quality monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regionalisation is to organise a large set of spatial objects into spatially contiguous regions despite optimising the homogeneity of the derived regions, while representing social and economic geography. To confront this problem, it is necessary to classify the regions to form groups that are homogeneous in air quality attributes. It is to develop a system that applies data mining techniques to study the distribution of air pollutants in Chennai, a metro city in India using vehicular ad hoc networking and map the distribution on the geographical map for effective policy making. In conventional regionalisation methods, the data points are assigned to a single region in a multidimensional attribute space affecting air pollution response. However, some data points, having distributed membership to more than one region, could not be justified and allocated to a single region. Rough set-based clustering technique is applied to regionalisation problem to resolve vague or overlapping regions. The overlapping regions are restructured to guarantee the homogeneity of the regions formed or altered. The investigations of the cluster validity tests confirm the effectiveness of rough set-based regionalisation in air quality modelling.

Komathy Karuppanan; Christina Jayakumaran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

White Tail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tail Tail Jump to: navigation, search Name White Tail Facility White Tail Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exelon Wind Developer MAP Royalty Energy Purchaser Austin Energy Location Oilton TX Coordinates 27.490513°, -98.985926° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.490513,"lon":-98.985926,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

362

Spitzer White Dwarf Planet Limits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present preliminary limits on the presence of planets around white dwarf stars using the IRAC photometer on the Spitzer space telescope. Planets emit strongly in the mid-infrared which allows their presence to be detected as an excess at these wavelengths. We place limits of $5 M_J$ for 8 stars assuming ages of $1 Gyr$, and $10 M_J$ for 23 stars.We describe our survey, present our results and comment on approaches to improve our methodology.

F. Mullally; Ted von Hippel; D. E. Winget

2006-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

363

Photometric Identification of Cool White Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the use of a narrow-band DDO51 filter for photometric identification of cool white dwarfs. We report photometric observations of 30 known cool white dwarfs with temperatures ranging from 10,000 K down to very cool temperatures (<3500 K). Follow-up spectroscopic observations of a sample of objects selected using this filter and our photometric observations show that DDO51 filter photometry can help select cool white dwarf candidates for follow-up multi--object spectroscopy by rejecting 65% of main sequence stars with the same broad--band colors as the cool white dwarfs. This technique is not selective enough to efficiently feed single--object spectrographs. We present the white dwarf cooling sequence using this filter. Our observations show that very cool white dwarfs form a sequence in the r-DDO vs. r-z color--color diagram and demonstrate that significant improvements are needed in white dwarf model atmospheres.

M. Kilic; D. E. Winget; Ted von Hippel; C. F. Claver

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

364

Gene Expression Analyses and Association Studies of Wood Development Genes in Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the selected genes of this project. 4 Genetic variation in pines has been studied extensively because of a high level of variation in natural populations (Hamrick and Godt 1996; Ledig 1998). Gene expression analysis is a valuable tool for generating...

Palle, Sreenath Reddy

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

365

Biomass and Bioenergy 30 (2006) 316320 How to recover more value from small pine trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass and Bioenergy 30 (2006) 316­320 How to recover more value from small pine trees: Essential of residual biomass. To offset the cost of handling this low-value timber, additional marketing options States market for such products. However, less is known of the capability of essential oils extracted

366

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group Minutes Support Welcome and introduction 1. Jim thanked everyone for attending the first meeting of the Red Band and that the private 1 | Paper 1 - Minutes | Debbie Erskine | 23/01/2009 #12;Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group

367

Kinetic model for the catalytic disproportionation of pine oleoresin over Pd/C catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The kinetics of the disproportionation of pine oleoresin (a renewable bioresource) over a carbon-supported palladium catalyst was studied. Kinetic experiments, constructed to eliminate internal and external mass transfer limitations, were performed in the temperature range of 210250C. The samples, withdrawn from reaction mixtures at different intervals, were determined by GCMS and GC. A new reaction scheme together with a lumped kinetic model was proposed to describe the complex reaction system. The kinetic parameters for each involved reaction were estimated using the LevenbergMarquart method by MATLAB software. The various activation energies of rosin acids in pine oleoresin, for the isomerization, dehydrogenation and hydrogenation reactions, were 83.05172.75kJmol?1. The various activation energies of monoterpenes in pine oleoresin, for the dehydrogenation and hydrogenation reactions, were 103.97133.82kJmol?1. The kinetic model well fitted the experimental observations and could be used to predict the concentration distribution of the products at 260C. The results showed that the disproportionations of rosin acids and monoterpenes followed second order and first order reactions, respectively. In addition, dehydrogenation was the main reaction in the disproportionation of pine oleoresin. Dehydrogenated acid and p-cymene were main components in the final products.

Linlin Wang; Xiaopeng Chen; Wenjing Sun; Jiezhen Liang; Xu Xu; Zhangfa Tong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

369

Characteristics of snags containing excavated cavities in northern Arizona mixed-conifer and ponderosa pine forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in mixed-conifer and ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws) forest in north-central Arizona. Snags approximately 73,000 ha across two National Forests. Density of snags was three times greater in mixed-conifer tremuloides Michaux) by cavity nesters in mixed-conifer forest. These results support management to protect

370

Above- and belowground competition from longleaf pine plantations limits performance of reintroduced herbaceous species.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although overstory trees limit the abundance and species richness of herbaceous vegetation in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) plantations, the responsible mechanisms are poorly understood because of confounding among limiting factors. In fall 1998, research was initiated to determine the separate effects of above- and belowground competition and needlefall from overstory pines on understory plant performance. Three 13- to 15-yr-old plantations near Aiken, SC, were thinned to 0, 25, 50, or 100% of nonthinned basal area (19.5 m2 ha-1). Combinations of trenching (to eliminate root competition) and needlefall were applied to areas within each plot, and containerized seedlings of 14 perennial herbaceous species and longleaf pine were planted within each. Overstory crown closure ranged from 0 to 81%, and soil water and available nitrogen varied consistently with pine stocking, trenching, or their combination. Cover of planted species decreased an average of 16.5 and 14.1% as a result of above- and below-ground competition, respectively. Depending on species, needlefall effects were positive, negative, or negligible. Results indicate that understory restoration will be most successful when herbaceous species are established within canopy openings (0.1-0.2 ha) managed to minimize negative effects from above- and belowground competition and needlefall.

T.B. Harrington; C.M. Dagley; M.B. Edwards.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Effects of thinning and herbicide application on vertebrate communities in longleaf pine plantations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently, nearly 98% of the land area once dominated by longleaf pine ecosystems has been converted to other uses. The U.S. Forest Service is replanting logged areas with longleaf pine at the Savannah River Site, New Ellenton, South Carolina, in an effort to restore these ecosystems. To ascertain the effects of various silvicultural management techniques on the vertebrate communities, we surveyed small mammal, herpetofaunal, and avian communities in six 10- to 13-year-old longleaf pine plantations subjected to various thinning and herbicide regimes. Areas within each plantation were randomly assigned one of four treatments: thinning, herbicide spraying, thinning and herbicide, and an untreated control. For all vertebrate groups, abundance and species diversity tended to be less in the controls than treated areas. Birds and small mammals were most abundant and diverse in thinned treatments versus spray only and control. Herpetofauna capture rates were low and, thus, we were unable to detect treatment-related differences. Silvicultural treatments that reduce hardwood stem density and pine basal area can enhance habitat conditions for numerous vertebrate species.

Brunjes, Kristina J.; Miller, Karl V.; Ford, Mark W.; Harrington, Timothy B.; Edwards, Boyd M.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron Age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron Laboratory, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden b Upplands muse´et, St: Eriks gra¨nd 6, SE-753 10 Uppsala, Sweden Received 21 September 2004; received in revised form 15 June 2005; accepted 21

373

BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010 Gunnar Senum and Stephen are three thermal eddies, about 250 meters wide, in the boundary layer. These thermal eddies are formed from the solar heating of the surface and help to form the boundary layer. The eddy updrafts are transporting

374

Production dynamics of intensively managed loblolly pine stands in the southern United States: a synthesis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biomass; Wood specific gravity; Fertilization; Competition control Forest Ecology and Management 192 (2004 of intensively managed loblolly pine plantations. Replicated studies that spanned a wide range of soil biomass at age 15 years varied among sites and ranged from 70 Mg ha?1 (NC) to 180 Mg ha?1 (GA). All sites

Martin, Timothy

375

Patch Isolation, Corridor Effects, and Colonization by a Resident Sparrow in a Managed Pine Woodland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patch Isolation, Corridor Effects, and Colonization by a Resident Sparrow in a Managed Pine: The isolation of habitat patches is often cited as having a major impact on the dynamics of small populations occupying patches in a complex iandscape Few studie~ howet~, have provided field data demonstrating

376

A review of "The Isle of Pines, 1668: Henry Neville's Uncertain Utopia" by John Scheckter and Henry Neville  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?s edition is the #15;rst of its kind. Scheckter?s new critical edition of Neville?s Isle of Pines, entitled #31;e Isle of Pines, 1668: Henry Neville?s Uncertain Utopia, also includes #15;ve chapters of interpretation that analyze this enigmatic utopian... text, a text that has largely been neglected in seventeenth-century English literary studies. Such an edition of #31;e Isle of Pines comes much needed to scholars, and 52 seventeenth-century news the critical analysis and apparatus perform...

Mills, Dan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The effects of the substrate surface roughness on graphene plasmons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of variation in the gap size between mono-layer graphene and a substrate with a randomly rough surface on the linear response of graphenes ? electron bands within the approximation of Dirac fermions. We adopt the electrostatic Greens function developed by Rahman and Maradudin [Phys. Rev. B 21, 21372143 (1980)] for the surface of a dielectric medium, which exhibits a Gaussian distributed height profile and combine it with the polarization function of graphene described as a zero-thickness planar layer at a fixed distance from the mean position of the substrate surface. We specifically consider the effects of a random gap size on the two-dimensional sheet plasmon mode in heavily doped graphene, both on its dispersion relation in the long-wavelength limit and its broadening due to Landau damping in the continuum of inter-band electron-hole excitations at shorter wavelengths.

Lyon, Keenan A.; Miskovic, Zoran L. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Scaling relations for contour lines of rough surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equilibrium and nonequilibrium growth phenomena, e.g., surface growth, generically yields self-affine distributions. Analysis of statistical properties of these distributions appears essential in understanding statistical mechanics of underlying phenomena. Here, we analyze scaling properties of the cumulative distribution of iso-height loops (i.e., contour lines) of rough self-affine surfaces in terms of loop area and system size. Inspired by the Coulomb gas methods, we find the generating function of the area of the loops. Interestingly, we find that, after sorting loops with respect to their perimeters, Zipf-like scaling relations hold for ranked loops. Numerical simulations are also provided in order to demonstrate the proposed scaling relations.

M. A. Rajabpour and S. M. Vaez Allaei

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

379

Forward approximation and backward approximation in fuzzy rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is general to obtain rules by attribute reduction in fuzzy information systems. Instead of obtaining rules by attribute reduction, which may have a negative effect on inducting good rules, the objective of this paper is to extract rules without computing attribute reducts. Forward and backward approximations in fuzzy rough sets are first defined, and their important properties are discussed. Two algorithms based on forward and backward approximations, namely, mine rules based on the forward approximation (MRBFA) and mine rules based on the backward approximation (MRBBA), are proposed for rule extraction. The two algorithms are evaluated by several data sets from the UC Irvine Machine Learning Repository. The experimental results show that both MRBFA and MRBBA achieve better classification performances than the method based on attribute reduction.

Yi Cheng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Magnetic field effects on the thermonuclear combustion front of Chandrasekhar mass white dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The explosion of a type Ia supernova starts in a white dwarf as a laminar deflagration at the center of the star and soon several hydrodynamic instabilities, in particular, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, begin to act. A cellular stationary combustion and a turbulent combustion regime are rapidly achieved by the flame and maintained up to the end of the so-called flamelet regime when the transition to detonation is believed to occur. The burning velocity at these regimes is well described by the fractal model of combustion. Using a semi-analytic approach, we describe the effect of magnetic fields on the fractalization of the front considering a white dwarf with a nearly dipolar magnetic field. We find an intrinsic asymmetry on the velocity field that may be maintained up to the free expansion phase of the remnant. Considering the strongest values inferred for a white dwarf's magnetic fields with strengths up to $10^{8}-10^{9}$ G at the surface and assuming that the field near the centre is roughly 10 times greater, asymmetries in the velocity field higher than $10-20 %$ are produced between the magnetic polar and the equatorial axis of the remnant which may be related to the asymmetries found from recent spectropolarimetric observations of very young SN Ia remnants. Dependence of the asymmetry with white dwarf composition is also analyzed.

Cristian R. Ghezzi; Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino; Jorge E. Horvath

2000-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Effects of the roughness characteristics on the wire tool surface for the electrical discharge machining properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been investigated to obtain the better discharge machining properties of the removal rate and the surface roughness in a few decades. Recently, it revealed that the rough tool electrodes can improve the WEDM properties for some sort of materials. In this study, the rough wire electrodes using a wet blasting method was developed and evaluated the machining performance for the insulated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in the WEDM processes. As the results, it could not recognize the advantage of roughness wire electrode under the high-energy condition, but it found that the electro-conductive layer thickness became thinner in comparison with those of normal wires. On the contrary, it could be obtained the better surface roughness in the low energy condition. It was supposed that the roughed wire surface generates the homogeneous dispersion discharges on the workpiece.

Fukuzawa, Yasushi; Yamashita, Masahide; Mamuro, Hiroaki; Yamashita, Ken [Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188 (Japan); Ogata, Masayoshi [Macoho Co., Ltd. 525 Kanawa, Isurugi-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2032 JAPAN (Japan)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

OpenEI Community - White House  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

/0 en New report from White /0 en New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid" target="_blank">read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid#comments energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Fri, 16

383

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao Department of Computer]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. The combination of fuzzy set and rough set theories lead to various models. Functional and set- mations based on the notion of level fuzzy sets. Two rough approximation models, namely -level rough set

Yao, JingTao

384

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Granular and Rough Computing on Covering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@gmail.comxiejun@tyut.edu.cn San Jose, CA, USA tylin@cs.sjsu.edu Abstract-Covering-based rough set (CRS) is a meaningful and important generalization of Pawlak's rough set theory. The primary goal of this paper is to extend-covering-based rough set; the globaV2nd GrC Model; neighborhood system; best upper and lower approxi mations; largest

Lin, Tsau Young

385

Fuzzy logic approach to supervised segmentation of forest regions infested by Southern Pine Beetle using color airborne images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital image processing technique and fuzzy logic approach are used to identify forest areas infested with Southern Pine Beetle, SPB, using normal color airborne imageries in this research. This research will be used as a front end of a larger...

Ng, Kit-Tong

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Genepool variation in Caledonian and European Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) revealed by chloroplast simplesequence repeats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...documented the need for conservation of this derelict...Conkle 1983; Waters & Schaal 1991...poten- tial and conservation value of a near-derelict...1977 The gene-pool of Caledonian Scots pine its conservation and uses. In Native...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Assessment of carbon sequestration and timber production of Scots pine across Scotland using the process-based model 3-PGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detailed eco-physiological interpretation of the environmental factors affecting Scots pine growth and it provided an assessment of carbon sequestration under the scenario of sustainable, normal production and its effects from the environment. Finally...

Xenakis, Georgios

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

388

Scattering of optical guided waves by waveguide surface roughness: a three-dimensional treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scattering of optical guided waves by waveguide surface roughness has been analyzed in three dimensions. The scattered fields were determined by satisfying the boundary conditions...

Hall, D G

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Procedure of evaluating the surface roughness of the electrospark coating after burnishing with mineral ceramics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The procedure of evaluating the surface roughness of metal-cutting tools strengthened by the local electrospark deposition of coatings with the subsequent burnishing with...

V. N. Gadalov; D. N. Romanenko; V. V. Samoilov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Rough sets on fuzzy approximation spaces and applications to distributed knowledge systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy relation is an extension of crisp relation on any set U. Fuzzy proximity relations on U are much more general and abundant than equivalence relations. The fuzzy approximation space which depends upon a fuzzy proximity relation defined on a set U is a generalisation of the concept of knowledge base. So, rough sets defined on fuzzy approximation spaces extend the concept of rough sets on knowledge bases. The results of the present paper extend the basic properties of rough sets and results involving set theoretic operations on types of rough sets that have been established in Tripathy and Mitra (2008).

D.P. Acharjya; B.K. Tripathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A study on some topological aspects of fuzzy sets, rough sets and soft sets; -.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis consists of three major parts viz., study of the topological notions of fuzzy sets, rough sets and soft sets. The first part consists (more)

Juthika, Mahanta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Gaia - A White Dwarf Discovery Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gaia data will help to improve the construction of a luminosity function for the disk and the halo and will provide a more accurate determination of the age of our solar neighborhood. Moreover, reliable stellar dynamical investigations of the disk and halo components will be possible. For the first time it will be possible to test the mass-radius relation of white dwarfs in great detail. Moreover, more accurate masses of magnetic and cool white dwarfs can be expected. Gaia is also expected to discover many new pulsating white dwarfs. The Gaia measurements can also complement the measurements of gravitational waves from close white dwarf binaries with Lisa.

Stefan Jordan

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Science to return to the White House  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Senators and Congressmen that he wants Congress to pass a bill to establish a small science policy ... policy office in the White House, headed by a ...

Colin Norman

1975-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

394

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. allbulbshiresweb.eps More Documents & Publications Lighting Choices - White Background Lighting Choices...

395

White is the Color of Mourning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of streetlamps and Christmas lights past police cars, herred, green and white Christmas lights flashed through thethe bright twinkle of Christmas lights on dark nights, the

Manry, Kaitlin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

White Etch Areas: Metallurgical Characterization and Atomistic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Atomistic Modeling Presented by R. Scott Hyde of Timken Company at the 2014 Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar Timken Hyde White Etch Areas ANL Presentation Oct 2014...

397

Slideshow of the White House Energy Datapalooza  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This post included photo's from the Energy Datapalooza hosted jointly by the White House Office of Technology-Policy and the Department of Energy.

398

Estimation of aboveground biomass and inorganic nutrient content of a 25-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON MOUSER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August lqBO Major Si bject: Forestry ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON HOUSER Approved...

Houser, James Nelson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Effects of prescribed fire and varying stand basal area on nitrogen mineralization in a loblolly pine forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF PRESCRIBED FIRE AND VARYING STAND BASAL AREA ON NITROGEN MINERALIZATION IN A LOBLOLLY PINE FOREST A Thesis by BOBBY GLEN WEBB Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Loblolly Pine Forest. (August 1991) Bobby Glen Webb, B, S. , University of Arkansas at Monticello Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Michael G. Messina A year-long in situ soil nitrogen (N) study assessed the effects of varying basal areas and prescribed...

Webb, Bobby Glen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Nutrient content variation in wood and foliage of slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) with season and soil series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUTRIENT. CONTENT VARIATION IN WOOD AND FOLIAGE OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTII ENGELN. ) WITH SEASON AND SOIL SERIES A Thesis by RONALD HOWARD BLACKWELDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AKJ&l University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Decenber 1977 Najor Subject: Forestry NUTRIENT CONTENT VARIATION IN WOOD AND FOLIAGE OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTI ENGELM. ) WITH SEASON AND SOIL SERIES A Thesis by RONAL D HOWARD BL AC KWE L DE R...

Blackwelder, Ronald Howard

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The influence of phosphorus nutrition and water stress on the osmotic adjustment and growth of loblolly pine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE INFLUENCE OF PHOSPHORUS NUTRITION AND WATER STRESS ON THE OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT AND GROWTH OF LOBLOLLY PINE A Thesis by ALAN BYRON WILSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Forestry THE INFLUENCE OF PHOSPHORUS NUTRITION AND WATER STRESS ON THE OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT AND GROWTH OF LOBLOLLY PINE A Thesis by ALAN BYRON WILSON Approved as to style and content by: R...

Wilson, Alan Byron

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

Donald Byrne (white) vs. Robert James "Bobby" Fischer (black) 1956 White Black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Donald Byrne (white) vs. Robert James "Bobby" Fischer (black) 1956 White Black 1. Nf3 Nf6 comments here are called "annotation" 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 black bishop sits on long diagonal 4. d4 0-0 white black threatens the queen 7. Qxc4 c6 8. e4 Nbd7 black's knight on b moves to d7 9. Rd1 Nb6 white's rook

Zirbel, Craig L.

403

White dwarf mergers,White dwarf mergers, thermonuclear supernovae,thermonuclear supernovae,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White dwarf mergers,White dwarf mergers, thermonuclear supernovae,thermonuclear supernovae fusion is ignited. Degenerate, hence runaway. #12;CO white dwarf accretes, either from companion, or from disk after merger. As it approaches maximum mass, C fusion is ignited. Degenerate, hence runaway. SN Ia

Hinton, Jim

404

Investigation of rotor blade roughness effects on turbine performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cold air test program was completed on the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine) HPFTP (High-Pressure Fuel Turbopump) turbine with production nozzle vane rings and polished coated rotor blades with a smooth surface finish of 30[mu]in. (0.76 [mu]m) rms (root mean square). The smooth blades were polished by an abrasive flow machining process. The test results were compared with the air test results from production rough-coated rotor blades with a surface finish of up to 400 [mu]in. (10.16 [mu]m) rms. Turbine efficiency was higher for the smooth blades over the entire range tested. Efficiency increased 2.1 percentage points at the SSME 104 percent RPL (Rated Power Level) conditions. This efficiency improvement could reduce the SSME HPFTP turbine inlet temperature by 57 R (32K), increasing turbine durability. The turbine flow parameter increased and the midspan outlet swirl angle became more axial with the smooth rotor blades.

Boynton, J.L.; Tabibzadeh, R. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.); Hudson, S.T. (NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

An approach to configuring product family using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Configuration design is one of the most important elements in the design for product family, with which designers could customise products for customers according to their specific requirements. The traditional approach to configuring products is based on configuration rules which reflect the mapping relations between customer requirements and design variables. But how to acquire the configuration rules is becoming the bottleneck. A kind of general way is to depend on design experts themselves to create such rules. It would take plenty of time for design experts to establish rules database. As such, this paper presents a framework of configuration design for product family through giving the variant components with different attribute values, in which the acquisition of configuration rules is connected with the idea of data mining using the rough set theory from large numbers of historical design data instead of the design expert's experience. It can help not only design experts but also novice designers analyse the dependence between customer requirements and design parameters, and acquire the configuration rules hidden in the historical data easily.

Bin Zhu; Pingyu Jiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions Publication 328 ISBN 978-90-6363-060-7 #12;CIB White Paper on IDDS Page 1 of 15 CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery White Paper on IDDS Page 2 of 15 Table of Contents Introduction and Use of this White Paper

Amor, Robert

407

Fertilization Increases Below-Ground Carbon Sequestration of Loblolly Pine Plantations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FERTILIZATION INCREASES BELOW-GROUND FERTILIZATION INCREASES BELOW-GROUND CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF LOBLOLLY PINE PLANTATIONS K.H. Johnsen 1,2 , J.R. Butnor 1 , C. Maier 1 , R. Oren 3 , R. Pangle 4 , L. Samuelson 5 , J. Seiler 4 , S.E. McKeand 6 , and H.L Allen 6 1 Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 3041 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA 2 email: kjohnsen@fs.fed.us, ph: 919-549-4012, fax: 919-549-4047 3 School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 4 Dept. of Forestry, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061 5 School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 6 College of Natural Resources, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 Abstract The extent of fertilization of southern pine forests is increasing rapidly; industrial

408

Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPineWoodPoleFY12_WEB.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30, 2012 30, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2188 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities ... include ... replacement of wood poles. Location: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following structures: Mile Structure 5 7 6 5 7 4 16 7 16 8 17 5 18 1 18 3 21 3 21 8 25 3 30 5 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 12 deteriorating wood pole

409

Leisure Village West-Pine Lake Park, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West-Pine Lake Park, New Jersey: Energy Resources West-Pine Lake Park, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.0046518°, -74.2707509° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0046518,"lon":-74.2707509,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

410

Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPine-WoodPoles-FY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3, 2013 3, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements on Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2484 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine Maintenance Location: Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following structures: Mile Structure 3 1 3 2 7 3 7 5 9 2 11 3 13 5 13 8 14 1 15 1 16 3 16 5 21 7 21 9 22 2 22 4 22 5 23 5 27 2 Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 19 deteriorating wood pole structures along its Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1, 230-kilovolt transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon. The 19 structures

411

The Fractionation of Loblolly Pine Woodchips Into Pulp For Making Paper Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall goal of the project was to test the PureVision biomass fractionation technology for making pulp from loblolly pine. A specific goal was to produce a pulp product that is comparable to pulp produced from the kraft process, while reducing the environmental effects of the kraft process, known to be a highly pollutant process. The overall goal of the project was met by using the biomass fractionation concept for making pulp product. This proof-of-concept study, done with Southern pine pinchips as feedstock, evaluated NaOH concentration and residence time as variables in single-stage cocurrent pulping process. It can be concluded that 1% NaOH is adequate for effective delignification using the PureVision process; this is about ? of that used in the kraft process. Also, the PureVision process does not use sulfur-based chemicals such as N2S and hence, is environmentally more benign.

Kiran Kadam, PhD

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Water, earth, and fire: Land use and environmental planning in the New Jersey Pine Barrens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each major chapter in this land-use planning case study begins with an introductory overview of the historical and ecological context of land-use patterns and the resources on which people depend. Juxtaposed with these scientific analyses is a series of profiles of area residents and their view of the Pine Barrens. The concluding chapters present recommendations designed to help develop a regional plan for the area.

Berger, J.; Sinton, J.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Survival of selected pine seed sources with different seedling treatments on droughty sites in East Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zantle af the mycorrhizal association creates a zmchanical or physical barrier to certain root pathogens (Marx 1971). Moreover mycorrhizal fungi any also help by directly reducing certain soil pathogens causing damping off and root rot (Tinus and Mc... (Thames 1963). This is because the rows of stcmata are f~ apart (van Buijtenen et al. 1975). The ~ of stcmata per needle and per square millimeter of surface area are significantly less on ~ngs fran the Lest pines than on seedlings frcm wetter sites 29...

Echols, Ralph James

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The influence of Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) coker and couch on the propagation of slash pine cuttings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the dormant stage of development, and in general, they were hard and lignified. Upon removal from the ortets, cuttings were stored upright in plastic bags in an ice-filled ice chest. Approximately 6 hours after the last cutting was removed, the first...THE INFLUENCE OF PISOLITHUS TINCTORIUS (PERS. ) COKER AND COUCH ON THE PROPAGATION OF SLASH PINE CUTTINGS A Thesis by ALAN BRADLEY HUNTER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas MM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement...

Hunter, Alan Bradley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

415

Western Water Assessment White Paper No. 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Colorado Boulder, Colo. July 2011 Research supported by the Western Water Assessment #12;LISTWestern Water Assessment Western Water Assessment White Paper No. 9 ASSESSING MEASURES OF DROUGHT;Western Water Assessment White Paper No. 9 ASSESSING MEASURES OF DROUGHT IMPACT AND VULNERABILITY

Neff, Jason

416

A Spitzer White Dwarf Infrared Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present mid-infrared photometry of 124 white dwarf stars with Spitzer Space Telescope. Objects were observed simultaneously at 4.5 and 8.0um with sensitivities better than 1 mJy. This data can be used to test models of white dwarf atmospheres in a new wavelength regime, as well as to search for planetary companions and debris disks.

F. Mullally; Mukremin Kilic; William T. Reach; Marc J. Kuchner; Ted von Hippel; Adam Burrows; D. E. Winget

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

417

ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future - creating a low carbon economy and consumers. And we stand up for fair and open markets in the UK, Europe and the world. #12;Our energy future ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future - creating a low carbon economy 1 Foreword

418

White Dwarf Spectra and Atmosphere Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the spectral classification of white dwarfs and some of the physical processes important for their understanding. In the major part of this paper we discuss the input physics and computational methods for one of the most widely used stellar atmosphere codes for white dwarfs.

Detlev Koester

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

419

White holes and eternal black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate isolated white holes surrounded by vacuum, which correspond to the time reversal of eternal black holes that do not evaporate. We show that isolated white holes produce quasi- thermal Hawking radiation. The time reversal of this radiation, incident on a black hole precursor, constitutes a special preparation that will cause the black hole to become eternal.

Stephen D. H. Hsu

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

EXPLORING MYTHS OF MEASURED AND PERCEIVED WHITENESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and specification of color and optical properties of paper. CIE and TAPPI are the most commonly used color systems and brightness meters. CIE whiteness 4 and TAPPI brightness 5 are the most commonly used measurements in Europe. However, CIE whiteness, and TAPPI brightness are fundamentally different concepts and the use

Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Object technology: A white paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Object-Oriented Technology (OOT), although not a new paradigm, has recently been prominently featured in the trade press and even general business publications. Indeed, the promises of object technology are alluring: the ability to handle complex design and engineering information through the full manufacturing production life cycle or to manipulate multimedia information, and the ability to improve programmer productivity in creating and maintaining high quality software. Groups at a number of the DOE facilities have been exploring the use of object technology for engineering, business, and other applications. In this white paper, the technology is explored thoroughly and compared with previous means of developing software and storing databases of information. Several specific projects within the DOE Complex are described, and the state of the commercial marketplace is indicated.

Jordan, S.R.; Arrowood, L.F.; Cain, W.D.; Stephens, W.M.; Vickers, B.D.

1992-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

422

QUANTIFICATION OF DEFORMATION-INDUCED SURFACE ROUGHENING USING MODIFIED ROUGHNESS PARAMETERS AND FOURIER FILTERING.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surfaces of metal sheets initially contain high frequency, low amplitude roughness components imparted during the rolling process. When plastic deformation is imposed, the amplitude of these free surface components increases, producing various kinds of morphological features including randomness, periodicity and waviness. The features often control key functional aspects of a metal surface, such as reflected image clarity, lubricant transport, and spot weldability. The key to understanding the evolution of topographical features on plastically deformed sheet surfaces involves characterizing those features using appropriate quantitative measures. In this study, selected roughness characterization tools are used to 3-D surface roughening of 6022-T4 Al sheets deformed in plane strain. Modified roughness parameters, viz., peak-to-valley mean-height roughness (Rmh) and 10 % mean-height roughness (Rpv), were used to characterize roughness amplitude in order to overcome the deficiencies inherent with the root mean square roughness (Rq). A new approach, in which the roughness pattern is divided into several regimes, was also used to investigate the frequency components that provide the major contributions to surface roughening. The Fast Fourier

unknown authors

423

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds M. A. Donelan,1 B. K. Haus January 2004; accepted 13 August 2004; published 28 September 2004. [1] The aerodynamic friction between, the ``aerodynamic roughness'') increases with the wind speed. Can one merely extrapolate this wind speed tendency

Saltzman, Eric

424

A rough set-based association rule approach implemented on exploring beverages product spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When items are classified according to whether they have more or less of a characteristic, the scale used is referred to as an ordinal scale. The main characteristic of the ordinal scale is that the categories have a logical or ordered relationship to ... Keywords: Association rule, Data mining, Ordinal scale data processing, Product spectrum, Rough set, Rough set association rule

Shu-Hsien Liao, Yin-Ju Chen

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation Pradipta Maji of brain MR images. The RFCM algorithm comprises a judicious integration of the of rough sets, fuzzy sets with vagueness and incompleteness in class definition of brain MR images, the membership function of fuzzy sets

Pal, Sankar Kumar

426

The Position of Rough Set in Soft Set: A Topological Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the author presents the concept of topological space that must be used to show a relation between rough set and soft set. There are two main results presented; firstly, a construction of a quasi-discrete topology using indiscernibility ... Keywords: Indiscernibility Relation, Quasi Discrete, Rough Set Theory, Soft Set Theory, Topological Space

Tutut Herawan

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Three-Way Decision: An Interpretation of Rules in Rough Set Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-Way Decision: An Interpretation of Rules in Rough Set Theory Yiyu Yao Department of Computer theory is to induce classification or de- cision rules that indicate the decision class of an object. A new interpretation of rules in rough set theory is intro- duced. According to the positive, boundary

Yao, Yiyu

428

Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii This page intentionally blank. #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 iii Table.3 Preparation and Charge for Peer Review Panel 7 3.4 Performing the IEPR 8 3.5 Preparation and Review of Draft

US Army Corps of Engineers

429

Segmentation of Rough Surfaces Using a Polarization Imaging Patrick Terrier, Vincent Devlaminck, Jean Michel Charbois  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods, that do not require contact with the surface and allow for high measurement speed, have been, based on light scattering[4], our goal is not to measure precisely the roughness, but to obtain. INTRODUCTION The conventional method for measuring surface roughness consists in moving a stylus probe touching

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

430

Microsoft Word - CX-LaPine-ChiloquinWoodPoleFY12_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: La Pine-Chiloquin No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2236 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6, Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: La Pine-Chiloquin No. 1 230-kV transmission line in Klamath County, Oregon, at the following structure locations: 11/5, 16/1, 16/4, 17/3, 17/8, 18/2, 18/3, 20/4, 22/2, 22/5, 28/1, 42/3, 43/6, 44/4, and 45/1. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 15 deteriorating wood pole structures along its La Pine-Chiloquin 230-kV transmission line located in Klamath County,

431

Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, January 1--December 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) coal-fired integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient, reliable and able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Power Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal as the design fuel. Testing will also be performed on a high-sulfur eastern coal. The Pinon Pine Power Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV. This new unit is designated as Tracy Unit No. 4.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Kudzu (Pueraria montana) community responses to herbicides, burning, and high-density loblolly pine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kudzu is an aggressive, nonnative vine that currently dominates an estimated 810,000 ha of mesic forest communities in the eastern United States. To test an integrated method of weed control, abundances of kudzu and other plant species were compared during 4 yr after six herbicide treatments (clopyralid, triclopyr, metsulfuron, picloram 1 2,4-D, tebuthiuron, and a nonsprayed check), in which loblolly pines were planted at three densities (0, 1, and 4 seedlings m22) to induce competition and potentially delay kudzu recovery. This split-plot design was replicated on each of the four kudzu-dominated sites near Aiken, SC. Relative light intensity (RLI) and soil water content (SWC) were measured periodically to identify mechanisms of interference among plant species. Two years after treatment (1999), crown coverage of kudzu averaged , 2% in herbicide plots compared with 93% in the nonsprayed check, and these differences were maintained through 2001, except in clopyralid plots where kudzu cover increased to 15%. In 2001, pine interference was associated with 33, 56, and 67% reductions in biomass of kudzu, blackberry, and herbaceous vegetation, respectively. RLI in kudzu-dominated plots (4 to 15% of full sun) generally was less than half that of herbicide-treated plots. SWC was greatest in tebuthiuron plots, where total vegetation cover averaged 26% compared with 77 to 111% in other plots. None of the treatments eradicated kudzu, but combinations of herbicides and induced pine competition delayed its recovery.

T.B. Harrington; L.T. Rader-Dixon; J.W. Taylor, Jr.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

White House | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White House White House Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 16 August, 2013 - 12:21 New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 30 August, 2012 - 15:16 Historic Fuel Standards auto fuel efficiency obama standards vehicle White House On Tuesday, Ray Lahood, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and Lisa P. Jackson, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, unveiled the joint effort, along with the Obama Administration, to create record fuel standards for vehicles built between 2017 and 2025. Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

434

Near-field heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a rough surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we focus on the surface roughness correction to the near-field radiative heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a material with a rough surface utilizing a direct perturbation theory up to second order in the surface profile. We discuss the different distance regimes for the local density of states above the rough material and the heat flux analytically and numerically. We show that the heat transfer rate is larger than that corresponding to a flat surface at short distances. At larger distances it can become smaller due to surface polariton scattering by the rough surface. For distances much smaller than the correlation length of the surface profile, we show that the results converge to a proximity approximation, whereas in the opposite limit the rough surface can be replaced by an equivalent surface layer.

Svend-Age Biehs; Jean-Jacques Greffet

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

435

?-Dominance relation and rough sets in interval-valued information systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Though rough set has been widely used to study systems characterized by insufficient and incomplete information, its performance in dealing with initial interval-valued data needs to be seriously considered for improving the suitability and scalability. The aim of this paper is to present a parameterized dominance-based rough set approach to interval-valued information systems. First, by considering the degree that an interval-valued data is dominating another one, we propose the concept of ?-dominance relation. Second, we present the ?-dominance based rough set model in interval-valued decision systems. Finally, we introduce lower and upper approximate reducts into ?-dominance based rough set for simplifying decision rules, we also present the judgement theorems and discernibility functions, which describe how lower and upper approximate reducts can be calculated. This study suggests potential application areas and new research trends concerning rough set approach to interval-valued information systems.

Xibei Yang; Yong Qi; Dong-Jun Yu; Hualong Yu; Jingyu Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Death by Dynamics: Planetoid-Induced Explosions on White Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At intervals as short as ten thousand years, each white dwarf (WD) passes within a solar radius of a planetoid, i.e., a comet, asteroid, or planet. Gravitational tidal forces tear the planetoid apart; its metal-rich debris falls onto the WD, enriching the atmosphere. A third of WDs exhibit atmospheric "pollution". For roughly every hundred planetoid disruptions, a planetoid collides with a WD. We simulate a small number of collisions, in which "death-by-dynamics" refers to the fate of the planetoid. We also compute the energies and likely durations of a broad sample of collision events, and identify detection strategies at optical and X-ray wavelengths. Collisions with the most massive planetoids can be detected in external galaxies. Some may trigger nuclear burning. If one in $\\sim 10^7-10^8$ of WD-planetoid collisions creates the conditions needed for a Type Ia supernova (SN~Ia), "death-by-dynamics" would also refer to the fate of the WD, and could provide a novel channel for the production of SN~Ia. We con...

Di Stefano, Rosanne; Guillochon, James; Steiner, James F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Electrical conductivity of plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Electrical conductivity of plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres V. A. Sreckovic 1 Lj...applicable for the helium plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres described in Koester...study of DB white dwarf atmosphere plasma properties, helium plasmas......

V. A. Sreckovic; Lj. M. Ignjatovic; A. A. Mihajlov; M. S. Dimitrijevic

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Introduction: White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime.Japanese social structure and white collar crime: recruitG. (2007). Black Mist and White Collars: Economic Crime in

Pontell, Henry N.; Geis, Gilbert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

White_House_0921.pdf | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

WhiteHouse0921.pdf WhiteHouse0921.pdf WhiteHouse0921.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0921: Finding of No Significant Impact whmissionstatus.pdf Environmental Leaders,...

440

White matter integrity, substance use, and risk taking in adolescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F. M. , Celano, M. J. , White, S. L. , Wallace, G. L. , Lee,inhibition is associated with white matter microstructure inTapert, S.F. (2009). White matter integrity in adolescents

Jacobus, Joanna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

White sponge nevus in a patient with EEC syndrome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PubMed ] 21. Jornet PL. White sponge nevus: presentation ofknowledge, no other case of white sponge nevus in a patientstudies on the etiology of the white sponge nevus might look

Dalben, Gisele Silva; Cursino, Helize A; Barbosa, Bruno A; Costa, Beatriz; Consolaro, Alberto

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Recommendation 208 : Use White Paper on Oak Ridge Reservation...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

8 : Use White Paper on Oak Ridge Reservation Recommendation 208 : Use White Paper on Oak Ridge Reservation The ORSSAB approved the enclosed recommendation suggesting DOE Oak Ridge...

443

Safety Culture at the WTP White Paper: Potential Attachment for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

292011 Page 1 of 6 Safety Culture at the WTP White Paper: Potential Attachment for Advice on Waste Treatment Plant Safety Culture Introduction This white paper provides context...

444

White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Summer 2014...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Summer 2014 Internship Program Application Period White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Summer 2014 Internship...

445

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the White House Tribal Nations Conference...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

White House Tribal Nations Conference -- As Delivered Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the White House Tribal Nations Conference -- As Delivered December 3, 2014 - 3:25pm Addthis Dr....

446

White House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers $133...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

White House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers 133 Million in Energy Costs by Increasing Efficiency Measures White House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers...

447

White House honors Los Alamos physicist's early career work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White House honors physicist's early career work White House honors Los Alamos physicist's early career work Ivan Vitev has received a prestigious Presidential Early Career Award...

448

HASKELL & WHITE CORPORATEREPORTING & GOVERNANCE CONFERENCE SERIES Blending Theory with Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HASKELL & WHITE CORPORATEREPORTING & GOVERNANCE CONFERENCE SERIES Blending Theory with Practice The 13th Haskell & White Corporate Reporting & Governance conference is intended to provide opportunities

de Lijser, Peter

449

Two Tribes Recognized as Climate Action Champions During White...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Two Tribes Recognized as Climate Action Champions During White House Tribal Nations Conference Two Tribes Recognized as Climate Action Champions During White House Tribal Nations...

450

NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NNSA Blog NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White ... NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House Announcement of 25 Million in Grants...

451

White House Highlights New DOE Measures to Advance Renewable...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

White House Highlights New DOE Measures to Advance Renewable Energy Deployment and Increase Energy Efficiency White House Highlights New DOE Measures to Advance Renewable Energy...

452

Tribal Leaders Provide White House with Input on Bolstering Climate...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Tribal Leaders Provide White House with Input on Bolstering Climate Resilience Tribal Leaders Provide White House with Input on Bolstering Climate Resilience January 7, 2015 -...

453

Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA Administrator McCarthy Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA Administrator...

454

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the White House Energy Datapalooza...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the White House Energy Datapalooza -- As Delivered Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the White House Energy Datapalooza -- As Delivered May 28, 2014 -...

455

NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Media Room Press Releases NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White ... NNSA Hosts Cybersecurity Consortium Members Following White House Announcement of 25...

456

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department Release New Report on Resiliency of Electric Grid During Natural Disasters White House Council of Economic Advisers...

457

Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate and Energy Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate and Energy Addthis Speakers...

458

White House Forum on Minorities in Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Forum on Minorities in Energy White House Forum on Minorities in Energy Addthis 1 of 13 Secretary Moniz, Ambassadors of the Minorities in Energy Initiative, and...

459

Modeling-Computer Simulations At White Mountains Area (Goff ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At White Mountains Area (Goff & Decker, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location White...

460

21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA...

462

White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance Members...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance Members White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance Members December 13, 2013 - 11:39am Addthis New...

463

SubTER Crosscut White Paper | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Crosscut White Paper SubTER Crosscut White Paper Subsurface energy sources constitute 80% of our national energy supply. The Energy Department is committed to discovering and...

464

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- EFB White Mesa Site - 033  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EFB White Mesa Site - 033 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: EFB White Mesa Site (033 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition:...

465

Rocky Mountain White Tilapia Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White Tilapia Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Rocky Mountain White Tilapia Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

466

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine...

467

White House Leadership Summit on Women, Climate and Energy |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Leadership Summit on Women, Climate and Energy White House Leadership Summit on Women, Climate and Energy Addthis Topic Energy Efficiency Energy Usage Science &...

468

Geothermal Literature Review At White Mountains Area (Goff &...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White Mountains Area (Goff & Decker, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At White Mountains Area...

469

White House Spotlights Solar Innovation as Summit Registration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

White House Spotlights Solar Innovation as Summit Registration Continues White House Spotlights Solar Innovation as Summit Registration Continues April 23, 2014 - 10:38am Addthis...

470

http://ndep.nv.gov/bwm/landfill.htm  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Story County Ely Landfill City of Ely Operating - Class I & III Permitted City of Ely White Pine County White Pine Energy Station (WPES) Class III disposal site White Pine County...

471

Matroidal structure of covering-based rough sets through the upper approximation number  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Covering-based rough set theory is a generalisation of rough set theory. Matroids are based on linear algebra and graph theory, and have a variety of applications in many fields. In this paper, we introduce matroid theory to covering-based rough sets, and explore the matroidal structure and properties of covering-based rough sets. Specifically, we define the upper approximation number to establish the matroidal structure of covering-based rough sets. So many important concepts and methods in matroid theory can be employed to investigate covering-based rough sets. The rank plays a very important role in a matrix, so we use the rank function of the matroid induced by a covering to measure the covering. With the rank function, a pair of approximation operators, namely, matroid approximation operators, are constructed. This type of approximation operators not only inherits the properties of those traditional ones which are defined from the perspective of set theory, but also presents some new properties. Finally, the matroid upper approximations are compared with the second upper approximations in covering-based rough sets.

Shiping Wang; William Zhu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

White Mountains Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White Mountains Geothermal Area White Mountains Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: White Mountains Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: New Hampshire Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

473

Technical White Papers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical White Papers Technical White Papers Technical White Papers November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis The following technical white papers explore potential options to increase widespread deployment of distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP). Issues such as the treatment of CHP in renewable portfolio standards and CHP commissioning are discussed. Avoiding a Train Wreck: Replacing Old Coal Plants with Energy Efficiency, 15 pp, Aug. 2011 Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, 13 pp, Sept. 2007 A Case for CHP Commissioning, 57 pp, Apr. 2008 Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels - Report Addendum, 7 pp, Sept. 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, 11 pp, Apr. 2011

474

Our Hand in Greening the White House  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Our Hand in Greening the White House (See also the Greening of Our House) "For as long as I live in the White House, I want Americans to see it not only as a symbol of clean government, but also a clean environment. We're going to identify what it takes to make the White House a model for efficiency and waste reduction, and then we're going to get the job done. . . Before I can ask you to do the best you can in your house, I ought to make sure I'm doing the best I can in my house." -President Bill Clinton, Earth Day, 1994 In an effort to provide leadership by example, the Greening of the White House project is bringing new technology, enlightened operations and management practices, and revised procurement procedures to the First Residence. Modern information technologies (e.g., multimedia) will make

475

White Paper Using Social Media to Improve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Paper Using Social Media to Improve Organizational Communication & Efficiency Amy M. Young can enhance workforce collaboration, increase organizational efficiency, and reduce expenses changing organizational communication, collaboration, and efficiency. We also discuss the key

Michigan, University of

476

Merging White Dwarfs and Thermonuclear Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermonuclear supernovae result when interaction with a companion reignites nuclear fusion in a carbon-oxygen white dwarf, causing a thermonuclear runaway, a catastrophic gain in pressure, and the disintegration of the whole white dwarf. It is usually thought that fusion is reignited in near-pycnonuclear conditions when the white dwarf approaches the Chandrasekhar mass. I briefly describe two long-standing problems faced by this scenario, and our suggestion that these supernovae instead result from mergers of carbon-oxygen white dwarfs, including those that produce sub-Chandrasekhar mass remnants. I then turn to possible observational tests, in particular those that test the absence or presence of electron captures during the burning.

van Kerkwijk, Marten H

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ethnic identification among blacks and whites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two central questions drive this research: (1) Are there trends in ethnic identification among blacks and whites; and (2) Are there meaningful differences between groups that identify differently? I use descriptive and regression analysis...

Glass, Teresa Gail

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Sandia National Laboratories: warm white LED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

warm white LED Sandia Develops a Synthesis of Quantum Dots that Increases the Quantum Yield to 95.5% On May 23, 2013, in Energy, Energy Efficiency, Materials Science, News, News &...

479

2013 White House Tribal Nations Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On Wednesday, November 13, President Obama will host the White House Tribal Nations Conference at the Department of the Interior. The conference will provide leaders from the 566 federally...

480

RFP_WhitePaper_v4  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White paper for 2014 FESAC Strategic Planning Aug. 2014 1 Opportunities and Context for Reversed Field Pinch Research J.S. Sarff 1 , A.F. Almagri, J.K. Anderson, D.L. Brower, B.E....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "white pine roughly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Cortical white matter: beyond the pale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The tracts within the subcortical white matter and corpus callosum provide an anatomical connectivity that is essential for normal cognitive functioning. These structures are predominantly made up of axons that are myelinated ...

Rockland, Kathleen

482

Technical White Papers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White Papers White Papers Technical White Papers November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis The following technical white papers explore potential options to increase widespread deployment of distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP). Issues such as the treatment of CHP in renewable portfolio standards and CHP commissioning are discussed. Avoiding a Train Wreck: Replacing Old Coal Plants with Energy Efficiency, 15 pp, Aug. 2011 Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, 13 pp, Sept. 2007 A Case for CHP Commissioning, 57 pp, Apr. 2008 Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels - Report Addendum, 7 pp, Sept. 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, 11 pp, Apr. 2011

483

Mutiny at the white-hole district  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The white-hole sector of Kruskal's solution is almost never used in physical applications. However, it might contain the solution to many of the problems associated with gravitational collapse and evaporation. This essay tries to draw attention to some bouncing geometries that make a democratic use of the black- and white-hole sectors. We will argue that these types of behaviour could be perfectly natural in some approaches to the next physical level beyond classical general relativity.

Carlos Barcel; Ral Carballo-Rubio; Luis J. Garay

2014-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

484

2014 White House Tribal Nations Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

President Obama will host the 2014 White House Tribal Nations Conference at the Capital Hilton in Washington, DC. The conference will provide leaders from the 566 federally recognized tribes the opportunity to interact directly with the President and members of the White House Council on Native American Affairs. Each federally recognized tribe will be invited to send one representative to the conference. Additional details about the conference will be released at a later date.

485

Rough Set Based Information Retrieval from Argumentative Data Points in Sea Woo Kim*, Chin-Wan Chung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough Set Based Information Retrieval from Argumentative Data Points in Weblogs Sea Woo Kim*, Chin as an object oriented 3- Dimensional system. The goal of our approach is to generate rules from rough sets and to represent them in a 3-dimensional interactive program, Blog Cosmos. We used rough set theory as a candidate

Chung, Chin-Wan

486

The theory of rough sets, introduced by Pawlak in 1982, has recently emerged as a major mathe-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preface The theory of rough sets, introduced by Pawlak in 1982, has recently emerged as a major. The focus of rough set theory is on the ambi- guity caused by limited discernibility of objects, rough set theory and granular computation has proven to be another soft com- puting tool which

Pal, Sankar Kumar

487

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 121 Fuzzy Rough Sets: The Forgotten Step  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 121 Fuzzy Rough Sets: The Forgotten Step Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, and Etienne E. Kerre Abstract--Traditional rough set theory-equivalence relation. However, none of the existing studies on fuzzy rough set theory tries to exploit the fact

Gent, Universiteit

488

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 Yihong Duan National 10, 2009 (Revised) Dateline Revised for Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Corresponding author

Wang, Yuqing

489

Application of fuzzy SOFM neural network and rough set theory on fault diagnosis for rotating machinery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method that applies fuzzy logic, rough set theory and SOFM neural network to rotating machinery fault diagnosis. In this method, firstly, relationships between the fault causations and fault symptoms are established by fuzzy ...

Dongxiang Jiang; Kai Li; Gang Zhao; Jinhui Diao

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Using support vector machines and rough sets theory for classifying faulty types of diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Support vector machines (SVM) and rough sets theory (RST) are two emerging techniques in data analysis. The RST can deal with vague data and remove redundant attributes without losing any information of the data; and SVM has powerful classification ability. ...

Ping-Feng Pai; Yu-Ying Huang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Improved Global Bathymetry, Global Sea Floor Roughness, and Deep Ocean Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial kinetic energy in the M2 tide and a rough seaenergy of M2 tide .75integrated kinetic energy of the M 2 tide (J/m 2 ) Figure 4-

Becker, Joseph J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Improved global bathymetry, global sea floor roughness, and deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial kinetic energy in the M2 tide and a rough seaenergy of M2 tide .75integrated kinetic energy of the M 2 tide (J/m 2 ) Figure 4-

Becker, Joseph Jeffrey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Reduction of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to decrease/suppress Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Suppression is required when fluid-structure interaction becomes destructive as in VIM of flexible cylinders or rigid cylinders on elastic support, such as underwater pipelines, marine risers, tubes in heat exchangers, nuclear fuel rods, cooling towers, SPAR offshore platforms.

Bernitsas, Michael M; Raghavan, Kamaldev

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Comprehensive Evaluation Model of Building Energy Efficiency Based on Rough Sets Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to improve the objectivity of building energy efficiency evaluation, this paper uses a new method to evaluate building energy efficiency on the basis of rough sets theory. The contribution of different subentry evaluation indicators...

Ding, L.; Ruan, X.; Huang, J.; Li, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Fuzzy Set Extensions of the Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set theory has been proposed by Pawlak in ... operates on an information table composed of a set U of objects described by a set Q of condition and decision attributes. Decision attributes make a partition ...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comparative Study on Mathematical Foundations of Type-2 Fuzzy Set, Rough Set and Cloud Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mathematical representation of a concept with uncertainty is one of foundations of Artificial Intelligence. The type-2 fuzzy set introduced by Mendel studies fuzziness of the membership grade of a concept. Rough

Deyi Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Wind Speed Retrieval Based on Sea Surface Roughness Measurements from Spaceborne Microwave Radiometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind speed is the main factor responsible for the increase in ocean thermal emission because sea surface emissivity strongly depends on surface roughness. An alternative approach to estimate the surface wind speed (SWS) as a function of surface ...

Sungwook Hong; Inchul Shin

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Estimation of sector roughness lengths and the effect on prediction of the vertical wind speed profile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An estimate of roughness length is required by some atmospheric models and is also used in the logarithmic profile to determine the increase of wind speed with height under neutral conditions. The choice ... thei...

R. J. Barthelmie; J. P. Palutikof; T. D. Davies

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Enhancement of induced V polarization due to rough interfaces in polycrystalline V/Fe/V trilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and polarized neutron reflectometry. Trilayer samples were sputter deposited onto Si substrates at room with the neutron and resonant x-ray data. Notably, this value for structurally rough interfaces is significantly

Haskel, Daniel

500

White Space Ecosystem: A Secondary Network Operator's Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 White Space Ecosystem: A Secondary Network Operator's Perspective Yuan Luo, Lin Gao, and Jianwei Huang Abstract--The successful deployment of a TV white space network requires the coordination-users), which form the White Space Ecosystem. In this paper, we study the white space ecosystem from

Huang, Jianwei