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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Identification of effective leaf-rust resistance genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) using STS markers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular STS markers J13, Gb, and J09 were used for screening wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accessions previously found to possess leaf-rust resistance genes according to test crosses or phytopathological tests. ...

L. G. Tyryshkin; E. I. Gul’tyaeva; N. V. Alpat’eva…

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Phenotypic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHENOTYPIC AND MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS OF REPRODUCTIVE STAGE HEAT TOLERANCE IN WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM) A Dissertation by RICHARD ESTEN MASON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2010 Major Subject: Molecular and Environmental Plant Sciences PHENOTYPIC AND MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS OF REPRODUCTIVE STAGE HEAT TOLERANCE IN WHEAT (TRITICUM...

Mason, Richard Esten

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

3

Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) Associated with Maintenance of Bread Making Quality under Heat Stress in Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI (QTLs) ASSOCIATED WITH MAINTENANCE OF BREAD MAKING QUALITY UNDER HEAT STRESS IN WHEAT (Triticum aestivum) A Thesis by FRANCIS WARD BEECHER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Molecular and Environmental Plan Sciences IDENTIFICATION OF QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI (QTLs) ASSOCIATED WITH MAINTENANCE OF BREAD MAKING QUALITY UNDER HEAT...

Beecher, Francis Ward

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

4

Quantitative trait loci(qtl) analysis of yield components and heat tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study was conducted to identify and map QTLs for yield components and heat tolerance of wheat in response to two kinds of heat treatment (short term-and long term-heat treatment) during seed formation in a set of 62 RILs derived from a cross...

Do, Jung Hwa

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Extraction and Proteome Analysis of Starch Granule-Associated Proteins in Mature Wheat Kernel (Triticum aestivum L.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presence of ?-amylase inside the starch granules indicates that this enzyme is needed to directly break down the starch polymer. ... (48, 49) This xylanase inhibitor also displays inhibitory activity toward barley alpha-amylases. ... (54) Some authors studied starch associated proteins from commercial wheat starches,(54) and found stress defense proteins including ?-amylase subtilisin inhibitor, chitinase and serpin. ...

Emmanuelle Bancel; Hélène Rogniaux; Clément Debiton; Christophe Chambon; Gérard Branlard

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

Elucidating and Mapping Heat Tolerance in Wild Tetraploid Wheat (Triticum turgidum L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying reliable screening tools and characterizing tolerant germplasm sources is essential for developing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties suited for the hot areas of the world. Our objective was to evaluate heat tolerance of promising...

Ali, Mohamed Badry Mohamed

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

7

Generation of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accumulating heterologous endo-xylanase or ferulic acid esterase in the endosperm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endo-xylanase (from Bacillus subtilis) or ferulic acid esterase (from Aspergillus niger) were expressed in wheat under the control of the endosperm specific 1DX5 glutenin promoter. Constructs both with and without the endoplasmic reticulum retention signal KDEL were used. Transgenic plants were recovered in all four cases but no qualitative differences could be observed whether KDEL was added or not. Endo-xylanase activity in transgenic grains was increased between two and three fold relative to wild type. The grains were shriveled and had a 25-33% decrease in mass. Extensive analysis of the cell walls showed a 10-15% increase in arabinose to xylose ratio, a 50% increase in the proportion of water extractable arabinoxylan, and a shift in the MW of the water extractable arabinoxylan from being mainly larger than 85 kD to being between 2 kD and 85 kD. Ferulic acid esterase expressing grains were also shriveled and the seed weight was decreased by 20-50%. No ferulic acid esterase activity could be detected in wild type grains whereas ferulic acid esterase activity was detected in transgenic lines. The grain cell walls had 15-40% increase in water unextractable arabinoxylan and a decrease in monomeric ferulic acid between 13 and 34%. In all the plants the observed changes are consistent with a plant response that serves to minimize the effect of the heterologously expressed enzymes by increasing arabinoxylan biosynthesis and cross-linking.

Harholt, Jesper; Bach, Inga C; Lind-Bouquin, Solveig; Nunan, Kylie J.; Madrid, Susan M.; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik; Holm, Preben B.; Scheller, Henrik V.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

E-Print Network 3.0 - aestivum cv cumhuriyet Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 98 Table 1: Wild and cultivated species of Triticum (wheat) English French German Distribution Remarks Summary: naked wheats Triticum aestivum L (T. vulgare...

9

Understanding the Genetic Interactions that Regulate Heat and Drought Tolerance in Relation to Wax Deposition and Yield Stability in Wheat (Tricticum Aestivum L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) has been a major food crop for nearly 8000 years. Breeders continue to face an ongoing battle to produce stress tolerant cultivars that are able to feed a rapidly increasing global population. The ability of varieties...

Huggins, Trevis D

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

10

Meiotic pairing and alpha-amylase phenotype in a 5B/5Rm Triticum aestivum — Secale montanum translocation line in common wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 5BS/5RmS translocation chromosome spontaneously recovered from a ‘Chinese Spring’ — Secale montanum wheat-rye telocentric 5RmS addition line has been identified and cytologically studied using C-banding in soma...

M. Montero; J. Sanz; N. Jouve

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - amphidiploid triticum aestivum Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

allopolyploids of Aegilops and Triticum. In total, 35 inter- specific and intergeneric F1 hybrids and 22 derived... genomes of hexaploid wheat. Newly formed allopolyploids of...

12

Molecular Characterization of Durable Yellow and Leaf Rust Resistance in Two Wheat Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important food crops, comprising the largest source of daily calorie and protein intake of human beings worldwide. Among the several diseases of wheat, Yellow Rust (YR; caused by Puccinia striiformis...

Basnet, Bhoja

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

13

The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water deficiency is the primary reason for decreasing wheat (Triticum aestivum) yields globally, causing a nearly 50-90% yield reduction on at least 60 Mha of land in developing countries Previous studies have identified associations in genomic...

Mohammed, Suheb

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

Regeneration of asymmetric somatic hybrid plants from the fusion of two types of wheat with Russian wildrye  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two types of protoplasts of wheat (Triticum aestivum...L. cv. Jinan 177) were used in fusion experiments—cha9, with a high division frequency ... 176, with a high regeneration frequency. The fusion combination of...

Cuiling Li; Guangmin Xia; Fengning Xiang; Chuanen Zhou; Aixia Cheng

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Water-use efficiency and transpiration efficiency of wheat under rain-fed conditions and supplemental irrigation in a Mediterranean-type environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growth and water use were measured in wheat (Triticum aestivum ... over five seasons 1991/92–1995/96. Water use was partitioned into transpiration (T)...s) using Ritchie's model, and water-use efficiency (WUE) an...

Heping Zhang; Theib Y. Oweis; Sonia Garabet; Mustafa Pala

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Presence of an alpha-amylase isozyme with high temperature optima in the wheat variety tolerant to high temperature at juvenile plant stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study ?-amylase was partially purified from detached grains of five day old seedlings of two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties, showing differential responses to high temperature stress at see...

Gurpreet Kaur Hunjan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Acclimation response of spring wheat in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) atmosphere with variable soil nitrogen regimes. 3. Canopy architecture and gas exchange  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The response of whole-canopy net CO2 exchange rate (CER) and canopy architecture to CO2 enrichment and N stress during 1996 and 1997 for open-field-grown wheat ecosystem (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) are...

Talbot J. Brooks; Gerard W. Wall; Paul J. Pinter Jr.…

18

Analysis of the Compositional Variation in the Epicuticular Wax Layer of Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment. By comparing the composition of lines from each treatment, abiotic stress associated changes in composition were identified. 1.2. Review of literature relevant to this dissertation 1.2.1. Role of the epicuticular wax layer The aerial surface...

Beecher, Francis Ward

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - aestivum cv chinese Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant Biologists Allopolyploidy-Induced Rapid Genome Evolution in the Wheat Summary: the F1 Hybrid between T. aestivum ssp aestivum cv Chinese Spring (CS) and Ae. longissima...

20

Using tube rhizotrons to measure variation in depth penetration rate among modern North-European winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deeper plant root systems are desired for improved water and nitrogen uptake in leaching environments. However, phenotyping for deep roots requires methods that enable plants to develop deep roots under realistic...

N. K. Ytting; S. B. Andersen; K. Thorup-Kristensen

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

PCR markers for Triticum speltoides leaf rust resistance gene Lr51 and their use to develop isogenic hard red spring wheat lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hard red spring wheat lines. Crop Sci. 43:1839–1847.and Lr35 in wheat breeding lines. Electron. J. Biotechnol.Hard Red Spring Wheat Lines M. Helguera, L. Vanzetti, M.

Helguera, M; Vanzetti, L; Soria, M; Khan, I A; Kolmer, J; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A diallel analysis of six components of partial resistance to Leptosphaeria nodorum in seedlings of six winter wheats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Components of Partial Resistance to ~ht h ' d ' g dl' g f g'* W' t llh (May 1987) Hans Henning Bruno, B. A, , University of Goettingen; Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Lloyd R. Nelson Dr. Norman E. Borlaug A diallel analysis was conducted...-based approach to disease protection has been emphasized because of economic and/or environmental reasons. One of the major diseases of wheat, Triticum aestivum (L. em Shit. ), 'Sp'dbl hdby~Lt h'd E. M 1 )*, ph ~St d (B k )B . k *L. . d present on all five...

Bruno, Hans Henning

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Wheat  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wheat Wheat Nature Bulletin No. 746 march 7, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor WHEAT "Give us this day our daily bread. " That simple plea is included in the Lord' s Prayer because bread, made from wheat, was the "staff of life" in Palestine -- as it is for us today. Wheat bread is a source of energy that contains the food elements essential for the growth, health and upkeep of a human body. It is a staple food that is not only inexpensive but, uniquely, one which we never become tired of. The three most important grains used by mankind for food are wheat, rice, and Indian corn or maize. Next in importance are barley, rye, oats, and millet. The white races of people prize wheat far above any of the others. All seven -- known as cereal grains -- are the seeds of grasses descended from wild plants.

24

Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the greatest emphasis on the botany and general biology of wheat, including breeding and disease resistance, devoting 177 pages to these basic aspects of wheat. He then deals with the ... of the text dealing with the botany, for example, has to be at an elementary level and includes information that can be found in a number of standard books on ...

G. D. H. BELL

1965-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

25

Distributed Physical and Molecular Separations for Selective Harvest of Higher Value Wheat Straw Components Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.) is an abundant source of plant fiber. It is regenerated, in large quantities, every year. At present, this potentially valuable resource is greatly under-exploited. Most of the excess straw biomass (i.e., tonnage above that required for agronomic cropping system sustainability) is managed through expensive chopping/tillage operations and/or burnt in the field following harvest, resulting in air pollution and associated health problems. Potential applications for wheat straw investigated within this project include energy and composites manufacture. Other methods of straw utilization that will potentially benefit from the findings of this research project include housing and building, pulp and paper, thermal insulation, fuels, and chemicals. This project focused on components of the feedstock assembly system for supplying a higher value small grains straw residue for (1) gasification/combustion and (2) straw-thermoplastic composites. This project was an integrated effort to solve the technological, infrastructural, and economic challenges associated with using straw residue for these bioenergy and bioproducts applications. The objective of the research is to contribute to the development of a low-capital distributed harvesting and engineered storage system for upgrading wheat straw to more desirable feedstocks for combustion and for straw-plastic composites. We investigated two processes for upgrading wheat straw to a more desirable feedstock: (1) An efficient combine-based threshing system for separating the internodal stems from the leaves, sheaths, nodes, and chaff. (2) An inexpensive biological process using white-rot fungi to improve the composition of the mechanically processed straw stems.

Hess, J.R

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Distributed Physical and Molecular Separations for Selective Harvest of Higher Value Wheat Straw Components Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.) is an abundant source of plant fiber. It is regenerated, in large quantities, every year. At present, this potentially valuable resource is greatly under-exploited. Most of the excess straw biomass (i.e., tonnage above that required for agronomic cropping system sustainability) is managed through expensive chopping/tillage operations and/or burnt in the field following harvest, resulting in air pollution and associated health problems. Potential applications for wheat straw investigated within this project include energy and composites manufacture. Other methods of straw utilization that will potentially benefit from the findings of this research project include housing and building, pulp and paper, thermal insulation, fuels, and chemicals. This project focused on components of the feedstock assembly system for supplying a higher value small grains straw residue for (1) gasification/combustion and (2) straw-thermoplastic composites. This project was an integrated effort to solve the technological, infrastructural, and economic challenges associated with using straw residue for these bioenergy and bioproducts applications. The objective of the research is to contribute to the development of a low-capital distributed harvesting and engineered storage system for upgrading wheat straw to more desirable feedstocks for combustion and for straw-plastic composites. They investigated two processes for upgrading wheat straw to a more desirable feedstock: (1) an efficient combine-based threshing system for separating the intermodal stems from the leaves, sheaths, nodes, and chaff. (2) An inexpensive biological process using white-rot fungi to improve the composition of the mechanically processed straw stems.

N /A

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

Effects of Tillage Practices on Water Consumption, Water Use Efficiency and Grain Yield in Wheat Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Water shortage is a serious issue threatening the sustainable development of agriculture in the North China Plain, with the winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as its largest water-consuming crop. The effects of tillage practices on the water consumption and water use efficiency (WUE) of wheat under high-yield conditions using supplemental irrigation based on testing soil moisture dynamic change were examined in this study. This experiment was conducted from 2007 to 2010, with five tillage practice treatments, namely, strip rotary tillage (SR), strip rotary tillage after subsoiling (SRS), rotary tillage (R), rotary tillage after subsoiling (RS), and plowing tillage (P). The results showed that in the SRS and RS treatments the total water and soil water consumptions were 11.81, 25.18% and 12.16, 14.75% higher than those in SR and R treatments, respectively. The lowest ratio of irrigation consumption to total water consumption in the SRS treatment was 18.53 and 21.88% for the 2008–2009 and 2009–2010 growing seasons, respectively. However, the highest percentage of water consumption was found in the SRS treatment from anthesis to maturity. No significant difference was found between the WUE of the flag leaf at the later filling stage in the SRS and RS treatments, but the flag leaf WUE at these stages were higher than those of other treatments. The SRS and RS treatments exhibited the highest grain yield (9573.76 and 9507.49 kg ha?1 for 3-yr average) with no significant difference between the two treatments, followed by P, R and SR treatments. But the SRS treatment had the highest WUE. Thus, the 1-yr subsoiling tillage, plus 2 yr of strip rotary planting operation may be an efficient measure to increase wheat yield and WUE.

Cheng-yan ZHENG; Zhen-wen YU; Yu SHI; Shi-ming CUI; Dong WANG; Yong-li ZHANG; Jun-ye ZHAO

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Winter wheat with subsurface drip irrigation (SDI): Crop coefficients, water-use estimates, and effects of SDI on grain yield and water use efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in the North China Plain (NCP) is threatened by insufficient water supply. Interest in microirrigation is increasing in the NCP, while data and guidance for microirrigation scheduling are lacking. An accurate estimation of actual crop evapotranspiration (ETa) is critical for appropriate water management. In this study, therefore, the \\{SIMDualKc\\} model was calibrated with the data from a three-season experiment, and \\{ETa\\} of winter wheat with subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) was estimated with the dual crop coefficient approach and stress adjustments described in the FAO-56 using the data of the other two treatments. The mean value of basal crop coefficient (Kcb) for the winter wheat at the initial-, mid-, and late-season growth stages over the three seasons was 0.25, 1.06, and 0.34, respectively. Over the three growing seasons, the \\{ETa\\} for subsurface drip-irrigated wheat with three irrigation treatments ranged from 393 to 449 mm. The Kc-local (ETa/ETo) values for the winter wheat with SDI were 0.34–0.80, 0.91–1.11, and 0.41–0.98, respectively, at the initial-, mid-, and late-season growth stages. Results indicated that the procedure of the dual Kc approach and stress adjustments simulated \\{ETa\\} of the winter wheat reasonably well, with the average absolute error (AAE) of 0.36 mm d?1, the root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.43 mm d?1,the index of agreement (d) of 0.98, the Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) of 0.91, and the RMSE-observations standard deviation ratio (RSR) of 0.31. Discrepancy between the simulated and measured data was mainly attributed to the assumption of a uniform distribution of soil water around an emitter. Irrigation rates have significant effects on ETa, grain yield and WUE. Based on effects of irrigation rates on grain yield and WUE, irrigation schedule for optimum yield and WUE was developed for winter wheat. It was estimated that grain yield and WUE of winter wheat with the optimum irrigation schedule was 7780 kg ha?1 and 1.83 kg m?3, respectively. The simulated results can be used as a reference for irrigation schedule and water management for winter wheat in the NCP.

Yang Gao; Linlin Yang; Xiaojun Shen; Xinqiang Li; Jingsheng Sun; Aiwang Duan; Laosheng Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Wheat phytotoxicity from arsenic and cadmium separately and together in solution culture and in a calcareous soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The toxicity effect of two deleterious elements of arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) (individually or in combination) on root elongation of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum, L.) were investigated both in hydroponics and in soils freshly spiked with the toxic elements. Median effective concentration (EC{sub 50}) and non-observed effect concentration (NOEC) were used to investigate the toxic thresholds and potencies of the two elements. The EC{sub 50} for As was 0.97 {mu}M in hydroponics and 196 mg {center_dot} kg{sup -1} in soil, and 4.32 {mu}M and 449 mg {center_dot} kg{sup -1} for Cd, respectively. Toxic unit (TU) and additive index (AI) concepts were introduced to determine the combined outcomes, and different behaviors were obtained: synergism in solution culture (EC{sub 50mix} = 0.36 TU{sub mix} and AI: 1.76) and antagonism in soil experiments (EC{sub 50mix} = 1.49 TU{sub mix} and AI: -0.33). Furthermore, the data of soil bioavailable As and Cd can not explain the discrepancy between the results derived from soil and hydroponics experiments.

Cao, Q; Hu, Q; Khan, S; Wang, Z; Lin, A; Du, X; Zhu, Y

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

30

Genetic control of effective juvenile resistance to leaf rust in collection samples of Triticum aestivum L.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Of 153 samples reported to be resistant to leaf rust (Puccinia recondita Rob. ex. Desm.), only 70 were not affected by a complex P. recondita population. According to phytopathological tests (inoculation with tes...

L. G. Tyryshkin

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Analysis of Expression of a Phenazine Biosynthesis Locus of Pseudomonas aureofaciens PGS12 on Seeds with a Mutant Carrying a Phenazine Biosynthesis Locus-Ice Nucleation Reporter Gene Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Raphanus sativus L. cv. Comet), wheat (Triticum aestivum...loam Landing Oceano sandy loam 1.6 80...Oceano sandy loam from Moss Landing, Calif.; a Panoche clay...Oceano sandy loam from Moss Landing, Calif.; a Panoche silt...

Dimitrios G. Georgakopoulos; Mavis Hendson; Nickolas J. Panopoulos; Milton N. Schroth

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Multiple Aphid Resistance from Alien Sources and its Chromosomal Location  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple Aphid Resistance from Alien Sources and its Chromosomal Location in Bread Wheat Leonardo A Alien Sources and Its Chromosomal Location in Bread Wheat Abstract Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is a very of this thesis were to: 1) identify novel sources of resistance to multiple aphid species in a wheat-alien

33

Enhancement of photosynthetic performance, water use efficiency and grain yield during long-term growth under elevated CO2 in wheat and rye is growth temperature and cultivar dependent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effects of long-term elevated CO2 on photosynthetic performance of winter (cv Musketeer) and spring (cv SR4A) rye (Secale cereale) and winter (cv Norstar) and spring (cv Katepwa) wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown at either 20/16 °C (non-acclimated (NA)) or 5/5 °C (cold acclimated (CA) and at either ambient (380 ?mol C mol?1) or elevated (700 ?mol C mol?1) CO2 were studied. Compared to NA counterparts, CA winter cereals exhibited a 30–40% increase in light and CO2-saturated rates of photosynthesis at both ambient and elevated CO2. This was accompanied by a 35–50% decrease in excitation pressure and non-photochemical energy dissipation. Concomitantly, biomass increased by 28–46% and grain yield per plant by 60%. In contrast, both CA spring cultivars exhibited a 45–60% inhibition of light- and CO2-saturated rates of photosynthesis at ambient CO2 as well as growth at elevated CO2 relative to NA controls. This inhibition was specific for photosynthesis since cold acclimation stimulated rates of respiration by 22–47% in all cultivars tested. This was accompanied by a 58% increase in excitation pressure and a 17% increase in non-photochemical energy dissipation in the cold acclimated spring rye and spring wheat. Consequently, biomass accumulation was reduced by about 25% in CA versus NA spring cultivars at elevated CO2. We conclude that the potential for enhancement of photosynthetic performance, water use efficiency and grain yield of cereals grown at elevated CO2 is both growth temperature and cultivar dependent.

Keshav Dahal; Vicki L. Knowles; William C. Plaxton; Norman P.A. Hüner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication tells producer about the hazards of wheat streak mosaic virus. It includes information on recognizing affected grain and on preventing infestation....

Morgan, Gaylon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

35

Wheat Pasture Poisoning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which had recovered from the initial attack. FRANK H. SIMS and H. R. CROOKSHANK* N THE WINTER WHEAT GRAZING AREA, MORE 1 particularly in the Texas and Oklahoma Pan- handles, a condition develops which is known Incally as wheat pasture poisoning when...

Crookshank, H. R.; Sims, Frank H.

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Effect of crop residue harvest on long-term crop yield, soil erosion, and carbon balance: tradeoffs for a sustainable bioenergy feedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Agricultural residues are a potential feedstock for bioenergy production, if residue harvest can be done sustainably. The relationship between crop residue harvest, soil erosion, crop yield and carbon balance was modeled with the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator/ Environment Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) using a factorial design. Four crop rotations (winter wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – sunflower [Helianthus annuus]; spring wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – canola [Brassica napus]; corn [Zea mays L.] – soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]; and cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] – peanut [Arachis hypogaea]) were simulated at four US locations each, under different topographies (0-10% slope), and management practices [crop residue removal rates (0-75%), conservation practices (no till, contour cropping, strip cropping, terracing)].

Gregg, Jay S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

37

Texas Wheat Flows and Transportation Modes, 1975.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coast; Crop Reporting Districts 10-N and 10-5 - Rio Grande Plains; and Crop Reporting Districts 6 and 7 - Pecos-Plateau. Texas Wheat Production The location of wheat production in Texas is shown in Figure 3, and the 1968-1975 level of wheat... sorghum and corn production. In the Rolling Plains, primarily a wheat producing area, grain elevators received approxi- 5 mately 71 percent of their receipts in May and June. Approximately 82 percent of the grain receipts at Gulf Coast elevators were...

Fuller, Stephen; Paggi, Mechel; Engler, Dwayne

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This leaflet cautions producers about the problems associated with pre-harvest sprouting of wheat and how to recognize affected grains....

Morgan, Gaylon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

39

Aqueous Enzymatic Extraction Of Wheat Germ Oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this study is to investigate the aqueous enzymatic extraction of wheat germ oil. Four enzymes (Viscozyme L, Multifect CX 13l, Multifect CX… (more)

Xie, Meizhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Wheat Ridge Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheat Ridge Solar Wheat Ridge Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Wheat Ridge Solar Name Wheat Ridge Solar Address 4550 Teller St Place Wheat Ridge, Colorado Zip 80033 Sector Solar Product Design and installation of solar systems for residential and small business Website http://www.wheatridgesolar.com Coordinates 39.779472°, -105.076426° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.779472,"lon":-105.076426,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund Application PURPOSE The Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund supports a student's work on an OSU wheat.Dorres@oregonstate.edu #12;College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund APPLICATION

Grünwald, Niklaus J.

42

Weed Control Recommendations in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a pH above 7.9. Long rotation restrictions. Barley Hoelon 3EC 2?2.66 pt Annual grass: annual ryegrass. Apply at planting. If no rain occurs within 7 days, expect reduced control. Rate dependent on soil type. None Table 2. Preemergence herbicides.... North central Texas and southern Oklahoma only. Wheat seeds should be planted at least 1 in. deep. Crop rotations are dependent on soil pH. Oat Hoelon 3EC 2?2.66 pt Annual grass: Italian ryegrass. Apply at planting. If no rain occurs within 7 days...

Morgan, Gaylon; Baumann, Paul A.; Baughman, Todd; Bean, Brent W.

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

The relationship between wheat self-sufficiency and national wheat trade policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to be empha- sized, however, that neither hypothesis makes any assertion as to cause; prediction is the goal, and thus association is of import). The measure of wheat self-sufficiency ut'lized is the ratio of net wheat imports to domestic wheat consumption... of the self-sufficiency ratio (the basic conditions) are operationalized as measures of domestic availability, domestic demand, and the relationship between pro- ducer price and border price. Analysis utilizes ordinary least squares regression techniques...

Maurer, Alan Borman

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Impact of United States international wheat policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Situation and Policies concerning Mheat 5 12 III ' IRPACTS ON NAJOR WORLD ECONORIC SECTORS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 Developing Importing Countries Asia ~ ~ ~ Africa Latin America Developing Importing countries Developed Importing Countries Centrally Planned... international wheat policy 2. Analyze the impact of significant policies on major world economic sectors, including wheat exporting and, importing countries; special attention will be given to the impact on the balance of trade position of various countries...

Richards, Dean

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Utilization of Wheat Straw in Manufacture of Particleboard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wheat straw is one of the most abundant and cheap agricultural wastes, and it is estimated that about 250 million tons are produced annually in China. Wheat straw is predominantly disposed of by direct burning in open field due to lack of e?ective ... Keywords: wheat straw, particleboard, polyisocyanate, phenol formaldehyde

Peng Luo; Chuanmin Yang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

PCR markers for Triticum speltoides leaf rust resistance gene Lr51 and their use to develop isogenic hard red spring wheat lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greenhouse set at 18 to 21?C with supplemen- tal metal halide lighting.greenhouse set at 18 to 21?C with 8 h of metal halide supplemental lighting

Helguera, M; Vanzetti, L; Soria, M; Khan, I A; Kolmer, J; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Evaluation of synthetic hexaploid wheats (derivative of durum wheats and Aegilops tauschii accessions) for studying genetic diversity using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthetic hexaploid (SH) wheat derived from crossing...Aegilops tauschii...provide germplasm for wheat improvement as the conventional wheat varieties possess very low genetic diversity. This study aims to identi...

Muhammad Shakeel; Muhammad Ilyas; Mujeeb Kazi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Wheat and corn prices and energy markets: spillover effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates volatility spillover across crude oil market and wheat and corn markets. The corn commodity is taken here to assess the impact of change in demand for biofuel on wheat market. Results of multivariate GARCH model show evidence of corn price volatility transmission to wheat market. Our results indicate that while shocks (unexpected news) in crude oil market have significant impact on volatility in wheat and corn markets, the effect of crude oil price changes on wheat and corn prices is insignificant. The impulse response analysis also indicates shocks in oil markets have permanent effect on wheat and corn price changes. This reveals the influence of future crude oil markets on global food price volatility. Also indicated that fertilisers markets influenced by own-shocks and shocks in oil markets. Thus, shocks in crude oil markets have direct and indirect effects (via fertilisers markets) on food commodity markets.

Ibrahim A. Onour; Bruno S. Sergi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

* SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the heavily instrumented Central Facility served as the primary source of information about cloud and carbon feedbacks. * Little Washita Watershed - located in a mix of pasture land and winter wheat, three carbon fux towers and associ ated instruments were added at this site. Two additional fux towers were located at Fort Cobb, in nearby croplands,

50

Registration of five wheat isogenic lines for leaf rust and stripe rust resistance genes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1982. Registration of one disomic substitution line and fivetrans- location lines of winter wheat germplasm resistant toof Five Wheat Isogenic Lines for Leaf Rust and Stripe Rust

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Winter Weed Pressure in Winter Wheat Edward Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26 Wheat ** ** * Barley *** * * Oats *** ** Canola * * * Lentil * * ** Millet ** ** Corn Beyond PrePare Maverick (Field Bioassay) #12;LENTIL OAT PEA CAMELINA CANOLA BARLEY PowerFlex ROTATIONAL

Maxwell, Bruce D.

52

Wheat Production in the Panhandle of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the U. S. Department of Agriculture at Amarillo and Channing in 1903 and continued at these stations until 1916. Cooperative work on farms and with the Amarillo Chamber of Commerce on land provided by the Price Memorial College at Amarillo... acreage. 2Second figure shows the 1949 seeded acreage. Figure 1. Seeded acreage of winter wheat in the Panhandle of Tex- as by counties, 1927 and 1949. Estimates obtai~ed from the Office of the Agricultural Statistician, Bureau of Agricultural...

Whitfield, Charles J. (Charles James); Atkins, Irvin Milburn; Porter, Kenneth B.

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Original article Digestion of wheat gluten and potato protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Digestion of wheat gluten and potato protein by the preruminant calf%) substituted by a native wheat gluten or a potato protein concentrate, were given to intact or ileo.05) with the potato than with the gluten and control diets (0.90, 0.93 and 0.95, respec- tively). The same trend

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

Characteristics of Photosynthesis in Wheat Cultivars with Different Sensitivities to Ozone Under O3-Free Air Concentration Enrichment Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the help of the Chinese Ozone-Free Air Concentration Enrichment (O3FACE) platform, the responses of photosynthsis characteristics to elevated O3 concentration were investigated using winter wheat (Tritcium aestivum L.) cultivars Yannong 19 and Yangmai 16, which differ in sensitivities to O3. Under O3 treatment for 75 d, the net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomtal conductance (Gs), and transpiration rate (Tr) decreased significantly in both cultivars, whereas the intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) changed slightly. The O3-sensitive cultivar Yannong 19 had larger reductions in Pn (61.1%), Gs (68.0%), and Tr (57.4%) than Yangmai 16 (27.9%, 37.5%, and 27.9%, respectively). This indicated that the reduction of Pn mostly resulted from the nonstomatal factors in cooperation with stomal factors. In the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, the maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII in the dark (Fv/Fm), the potential activity of PSII (Fv/Fo), the photochemical quenching (qP), and the rate of photochemical reaction (Prate) decreased in the O3 treatment, but the nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) and the rate of thermal dissipation (Drate) showed a upward tendency. The change tendency of total soluble protein content and the amount of Rubisco was similar to that of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and Pn. The results implied that the major nonstomal factors responsible for the Pn decrease under elevated O3 concentration were the Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylation limitation and the damage of PSII. The change extents of all the parameters were larger in Yannong 19 than in Yangmai 16. The high Tr value and slow reduction of Rubisco amount in Yangmai 16 are probably crucial reasons for its high photosynthetic rate.

Ji-Ling CAO; Liang WANG; Qing ZENG; Jing LIANG; Hao-Ye TANG; Zu-Bin XIE; Gang LIU; Jian-Guo ZHU; Kazhuhiko KOBAYASHI

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The effects of added wheat proteins on processing and quality of wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Gliadin in pastry and tortilla flour. Addition levels of selected wheat proteins were evaluated in weak protein tortilla formulas. Addition of 1% FP5000 or PF6000 improved tortilla stability. Calcium peroxide was added to the formula to better incorporate...

Pascut, Simina

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Characteristics of alpha-amylase isozymes in cytologenetically different wheat cultivars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The isoenzyme composition of alpha-amylase is studied by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in...Triticum durum, 2n = 4x = 28, BBAA) lacks the isoenzymes encoded by 6D and 7D chromosomes that are present in commo...

V. P. Netsvetaev; E. D. Badaeva

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Photo of the Week: Wheat and Wind | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wheat and Wind Wheat and Wind Photo of the Week: Wheat and Wind December 14, 2012 - 2:33pm Addthis From 262 feet in the air, 90 General Electric towers rise over Wheatland County, Montana, generating electricity for portions of the northwest United States. With an installed capacity of 135 MW, the Judith Gap Energy Center is one of the strongest wind farms in Montana. The blades begin spinning when winds reach just eight miles per hour, and at their highest point, tower almost 400 feet above the ground. In this photo, the wind turbines rotate while overlooking Wheatland County's main agricultural product: wheat. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Wind Energy Program. From 262 feet in the air, 90 General Electric towers rise over Wheatland County, Montana, generating electricity for portions of the northwest

58

Effect of leavening acids on wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reactivities of four leavening adds were evaluated during processing of wheat flour tortillas. These were: sodium aluminum phosphate (SAlP), sodium aluminum sulfate (SAS), monocalcium phosphate (MCP) and sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP-28). Each...

Cepeda, Minerva

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

Stock, Energy and Currency Effects on the Asymmetric Wheat Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of financial and currency indicators on wheat futures prices. The results suggest that the stock market, and particularly the S&P 500, positively influence the ...

Nikolaos Sariannidis

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Wheat croissants,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Wheat croissants, applesauce, straw- berry jam Fruit salad, celery 2 Lunch Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Tomato soup, grilled cheese, kiwi, carrot sticks 2 Pizza, carrot

Liu, Taosheng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Effect of Growth Regulators on the Winter Survival of Winter Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insufficient winter hardiness is the main factor limiting the expansion of winter wheat on the northern great plains. The winter wheat cultivars grown today are of similar cold hardiness as the Crimean cultiva...

L. V. Gusta; B. J. O’Connor; M. J. T. Reaney

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Denton Wheat : A New Variety for North Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'3 Feed Inspector W. E. FLINT, B. S., Agronomist W. D. NORTHCU~,'~~.', B. S., Feed Inspector PUBLICATIONS: SIDNEY D. REYNOLDS, JR., Feed Insprctor A. D. JACKSON. Chief P. A. MOORE, Feed Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1, Beeville, Bee County: No. 10... U. S. Department 'of Agriculture. ***In cooperation w~th the School of Agriculture. SYNOPSIS Denton wheat is a pure-line selection of Mediterranean wheat, developed by Texas Substation No. 6 at Denton, Texas. It represents the chief product of a...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph); Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch)

1928-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SPROUTING CONDITIONS ON ALPHA AMYLASE ACTIVITY, FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF WHEAT FLOUR AND ON SHELF-LIFE OF BREAD SUPPLEMENTED WITH SPROUTED WHEAT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this study sprouting two different wheat cultivars under various environmental conditions revealed that varietal variation is the most important factor affecting ?-amylase quantity as… (more)

Shafqat, Saba

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Attitudes towards the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly in Saskatchewan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attitudes towards the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly in Saskatchewan: A research brief December 2011 Saskatchewan Election Study team Dr. Michael Atkinson, Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy Dr. David McGrane, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan Dr. Loleen Berdahl, University

Saskatchewan, University of

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - aegilops tauschii chromosome Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: wheat (T. aestivum, genome AABBDD) involving all its subspecies and 203 lines of Aegilops tauschii... (Stebbins genomes AABB) with diploid Aegilops tauschii (2n 2x...

66

Incorporating risk and uncertainty into extension applications: case example -- the wheat and stocker cattle grazing evaluator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. , or the additional working capital needed to finance a stocker operation. The producer may decide against owning stockers if his price projections indicate the enterprise would be unprofitable. Should he prefer wheat pasture leasing, an acceptable leasing... for both wheat and stocker cattle production, and may choose several stocker cattle grazing strategies these include owning stocker catle as well as leasing wheat pasture for grazing. Finally, the user specifies correlations between each pair of random...

Ralston, Roger E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Evaluating Lines in a Wheat Breeding Program for Race Nonspecific Resistance to Leaf Rust, Puccinia Triticina.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Breeding resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) into wheat varieties has long depended on the incorporation of one or more race specific or “major” genes… (more)

Thomas, Christopher Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Alpha-Amylase Activity of Varieties of English Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the National Institute of Agricultural Botany grown at its headquarters and sub-stations, the oc-amylase activity ranged from 1-141 Farrand units1 with a mean of 7. Some samples ... wheat buyers to know which varieties are likely to produce samples of unusually high a-amylase activity and yet appear to be bright and attractive. It would therefore be worth ...

B. A. STEWART

1964-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

69

Water Conservation in Southern Great Plains Wheat Production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time in the fall contributed greatly to the size of grain yields the following year. Where contour tillage and level terracing were used to retain surface runoff water favorable sowing conditions more frequently occurred and the risk of crop failure... that these might he analyzed lation to water consel*vation practice. 51rnificant increases of wheat yield resulted f roin each of the following : liitial soil moisture stores, (2) July rainfall previous to sowing, (3) terracing and contour farming, and (4...

Finnell, H. H. (Henry Howard)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen MA but little is known about the fate of lignins. The aim of this work was to study the transformation of 14C lignins of wheat straw by ruminal bacteria and fungi. Cell walls of wheat straw apical internodes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

J.-P. Denuit et al.Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato Original article  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J.-P. Denuit et al.Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato Original article Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato crops using the chlorophyll meter for crop results from a new field-scale N management strategy for winter wheat and potato crops in Belgium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

Nutrient Management of Conservation-Till Cotton in Terminated-Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nutrient Management of Conservation- Till Cotton in Terminated-Wheat K.F. Bronson, J.W. Keeling, R, respectively. #12;A conservation-till cotton production system using wheat or rye winter cover, terminated (Lascano et al., 1994). Conservation-till cotton in the High Plains can be as productive as and more

Mukhtar, Saqib

73

Winnowing Wheat from Chaff: The Chunking GA Hal Stringer and Annie S. Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a farmer who separates wheat from the chaff. We refer to this property as the "winnowing effectWinnowing Wheat from Chaff: The Chunking GA Hal Stringer and Annie S. Wu School of Computer Science are then made available to other individuals in the population for evolving potential future solutions. The Ch

Wu, Annie S.

74

EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL1 PROPERTIES OF WHEAT, WAXY AND STANDARD MAIZE STARCHES2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL1 PROPERTIES OF WHEAT, WAXY AND STANDARD MAIZE.10.005 #12;2 ABSTRACT18 Standard maize (SMS), waxy maize (WMS) and wheat (WTS) starches were19 hydrothermally treated at three pressure levels. Effects of D.I.C. processing conditions20 on thermal characteristics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

A comparative risk assessment of genetically engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production systems Robert K.D. Peterson* & Leslie M. Shama Agricultural and Biological Risk Assessment engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems. Replacement of traditional herbicides with different wheat production systems in the US and Canada using the risk assessment paradigm. Specifically, we

Peterson, Robert K. D.

76

Wheat Gray Shorts for the Prevention of Slipped Tendons in Battery Brooder Chicks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the variations in the percentages of calcium and phosphorus studied. Rations containing 1.90-1.93 percent calcium and .87-.99 percent phosphorus, even though pro- tected by twenty and thirty percent wheat gray shorts, produced more slipped tendons than did... rations containing 1.20-1.62 per- cent cajlcium and ,5647 percent phosphorus. CONTENTS Page Introduction 5 Previous Work 5 Method of Procedure 7 Experimental Results 10 Comparison of no Wheat Gray Shorts with Twenty Percent Wheat Gray Shorts...

Sherwood, R. M. (Ross Madison); Couch, James Russell

1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Prediction of the digestible and metabolizable energy content of wheat milling by-products for growing pigs from chemical composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thirty samples of wheat milling by-products (wheat bran, wheat middlings, wheat shorts, wheat red dog, wheat feed flour), collected from 11 flour mills, were fed to growing pigs to determine their digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) content and to establish equations for predicting their DE and ME content based on chemical analysis. The basal diet was based on corn and soybean meal while the other 30 experimental diets contained 290.4 g/kg wheat milling by-products added at the expense of corn and soybean meal. The 31 diets were fed to 96 growing pigs (BW = 61.9 ± 3.2 kg) according to a completely randomized design during two successive periods. During each period, the 30 experimental diets were fed to three pigs and the basal diet was fed to six pigs, resulting in 6 replications per experimental diet and 12 replications for the basal diet over the two periods. The chemical composition of the 30 samples was variable, and starch and fiber content had a strong negative correlation (r = ?0.96 to ?0.99 for CF and ADF, respectively). The DE content of wheat feed flour, wheat red dog, wheat shorts, wheat middlings and wheat bran averaged 17.4, 16.9, 15.2, 12.5 and 12.0 MJ/kg DM, respectively. From the stepwise regression analysis, a series of DE and ME prediction equations were generated. The best fit equations for wheat milling by-products were: DE (MJ/kg DM) = 19.2 ? (0.016×aNDF) with R2 = 0.94, RSD = 0.58 and Pcontent varied substantially and various correlated single predictors (aNDF, ash, CF, starch, etc.) can be used to accurately predict the DE and ME content when fed to growing pigs.

Q. Huang; C.X. Shi; Y.B. Su; Z.Y. Liu; D.F. Li; L. Liu; C.F. Huang; X.S. Piao; C.H. Lai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Adaptive polymorphism of tetrameric alpha-amylase inhibitors in wild emmer wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?-Amylase inhibitors are attractive candidates for the control of seed weevils as these insects are highly dependent on starch as an energy source. Wheat tetrameric ?-amylase inhibitor (WTAI) is a mixture (60 ...

Ji-Rui Wang; Mei Deng; Ya-Xi Liu; Xin Qiao; Zhen-Hong Chen…

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Antistaling properties of amylases, wheat gluten and CMC on corn tortilla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antistaling properties of enzymes (xylanase, bacterial maltogenic and conventional a-amylases), CMC and vital wheat gluten on corn tortillas were evaluated during storage for up to 21 days. Effect of storage time (0-21 days) and temperature (-40...

Bueso Ucles, Francisco Javier

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

A History of Small Grain Crops in Texas: Wheat, Oats, Barley, Rye 1582-1976.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The harvest varies from 25 t c , Fik..,e 3A: Map of Old Spanish Fort area, north of Nocona, Figure 3B: State historical marker at Old Texas, where the French built a fort, settled families and Spanish Fort, north of Nocona, Texas. grew wheat 1719... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Spanish 1 Early Wheat Improvement in Texas 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The French 4 The Selection Period 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Northern Areas 6...

Atkins, Irvin Milburn

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Molecular and cytological analysis of a novel leaf rust resistance gene in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER QF SCIENCE Ap ved as to sibyl and content by: r g/Q Allan K. Fritz~ (Chair of Commit%+) David S. Marshall (Member) David M. Stelly (Member) Mark S. Hussey (Head... of Advisory Committee: Dr. Allan K. Fritz A novel wheat leaf rust resistance gene from Aegilops cylindricum accession TTCC295 was investigated, using both cytogenetic and molecular tools. Previous work had introgressed this gene in to adapted wheat...

Franks, Cleve Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

82

Identification of added rye chromosomes in wheat-rye addition lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF ADDED RYE CHROMOSOMES IN WHEAT-RYE ADDITION LINES A Thesis by Kuang Shy Tang Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&K University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975... Major Subject: Genetics IDENTIFICATION OF ADDED RYE CHROMOSOMES IN WHEAT-RYE ADDITION LINES A Thesis by Kuang Shy Tang Approved as to style and content by: Chairm f Committee ember Head of Dep tment Member May 1975 428045 ABSTRACT...

Tang, Kuang Shy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

83

Wheat Belt Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belt Public Power Dist Belt Public Power Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 20509 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC/MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DISTRIBUTION HEAVY INDUSTRIAL (E-2) Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Industrial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL Residential GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL COMMERCIAL Commercial IRRIGATION Multi Phase Commercial LARGE POWER Industrial

84

Influence of Planting Date on Response of Winter Wheat to Phosphorus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ie 245.7 3 .'l5 4 TH TEX A RI / B-1564 April 1987 Influence of Planting Date on Response of Winter Wheat to Phosphorus p T T Billy W. Hipp* LIBRARY JUN 1 5 1987 T ~x s A&M llniveusi Abstract Wheat is grown extensively in the Texas... Blacklands, and even though phosphorus (P) fertilization is a common practice, factors that influence the magnitude of response have not been ascertained. Field studies were conducted over a 4-year period to determine the influence of planting date...

Hipp, Billy W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Quantifying yield gaps in wheat production in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop yields must increase substantially to meet the increasing demands for agricultural products. Crop yield increases are particularly important for Russia because low crop yields prevail across Russia's widespread and fertile land resources. However, reliable data are lacking regarding the spatial distribution of potential yields in Russia, which can be used to determine yield gaps. We used a crop growth model to determine the yield potentials and yield gaps of winter and spring wheat at the provincial level across European Russia. We modeled the annual yield potentials from 1995 to 2006 with optimal nitrogen supplies for both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Overall, the results suggest yield gaps of 1.51–2.10 t ha?1, or 44–52% of the yield potential under rainfed conditions. Under irrigated conditions, yield gaps of 3.14–3.30 t ha?1, or 62–63% of the yield potential, were observed. However, recurring droughts cause large fluctuations in yield potentials under rainfed conditions, even when the nitrogen supply is optimal, particularly in the highly fertile black soil areas of southern European Russia. The highest yield gaps (up to 4 t ha?1) under irrigated conditions were detected in the steppe areas in southeastern European Russia along the border of Kazakhstan. Improving the nutrient and water supply and using crop breeds that are adapted to the frequent drought conditions are important for reducing yield gaps in European Russia. Our regional assessment helps inform policy and agricultural investors and prioritize research that aims to increase crop production in this important region for global agricultural markets.

Florian Schierhorn; Monireh Faramarzi; Alexander V Prishchepov; Friedrich J Koch; Daniel Müller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The effect of heat treatment on the digestibility of wheat gluten in a model food system containing wheat gluten, corn starch and corn oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ntestinal epithelium to free amino acids (8, 9). The bioavailability of am1no acids in a protein depends on the protein source, the type of processing it undergoes and the inter- actions between the protein and other diet components (10). If a protein... of the batter. The protein used was wheat gluten (Teklad Test Diets, Ma'dison, Wise. ), the fat, corn oil (ICN Nutritional Biochemicals, Cleveland, Ohio) and the carbohydrate, corn starch (United States Biochemical Corp. , 19 Cleveland, Ohio). The batter...

Fox, Debra Marie Ruzicka

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

Wheat export restrictions and domestic market effects in Russia and Ukraine during the food crisis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies investigating the effects of wheat export controls on the domestic market in the exporting country itself are scarce. This paper analyses the domestic market impact of wheat export controls in Russia and Ukraine during the 2007/2008 global food crisis within a spatial price transmission approach. Using a Markov-switching vector error-correction model, we contrast our estimation for Russia and Ukraine with Germany and the USA, two countries that did not intervene in their wheat export markets. An explicit “crisis” regime during times of export controls is exclusively identified for Russia and Ukraine. We find that export restrictions temporarily reduced the degree of integration of Russian and Ukrainian domestic markets in world wheat markets, which pushed the growers prices below their long-run equilibrium level. Further, domestic markets were disconnected from their equilibrium and market instability increased. These effects were even more pronounced and long lasting in Ukraine (export quota) than in Russia (export tax). The negative market effects discouraged private investors, thereby preventing Russia and Ukraine from maximizing their grain potential and contributing to global food security.

Linde Götz; Thomas Glauben; Bernhard Brümmer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Multielemental Fingerprinting as a Tool for Authentication of Organic Wheat, Barley, Faba Bean, and Potato  

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Multielemental Fingerprinting as a Tool for Authentication of Organic Wheat, Barley, Faba Bean, and Potato ... Potato peels were also manually removed by a ceramic peeler on selected subsamples to allow comparison with automatically peeled potatoes. ... Analysis of automatically and manually peeled potatoes as well as potato peels confirmed that the automatic peeling process did not induce any systematic and significant contamination. ...

Kristian H. Laursen; Jan K. Schjoerring; Jørgen E. Olesen; Margrethe Askegaard; Ulrich Halekoh; Søren Husted

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Ph1 Locus Suppresses Cdk2-Type Activity during Premeiosis and Meiosis in Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...leading to a more open chromatin structure (Hale et al., 2006). This in turn leads to...capillary temperature of 200C, no sheath gas was used, and the source voltage and focusing...polyploid wheat. Nature 439 : 749-752. Hale, T.K. , Contreras, A., Morrison...

Emma Greer; Azahara C. Martín; Ali Pendle; Isabelle Colas; Alexandra M.E. Jones; Graham Moore; Peter Shaw

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE ON SOIL AND PLANTS (COLZA and WHEAT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE ON SOIL AND PLANTS (COLZA and WHEAT) Najla LASSOUED1@emse.fr Abstract We are testing the impact of heavy metals in sludge from urban and industrial wastewater treatment> Cu> Ni> Co> Cd The contents of heavy metals in the sludge is made very high and exceed European

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Seeding rate and seed size as management techniques for ryegrass (Lolium Multiflorum, Lam) in winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ______________________________ _____________________________ Harry Cralle James M. Chandler (Chair of Committee) (Member) ______________________________ _____________________________ Rodney W. Bovey Mark A. Hussey... of wheat in either year. v ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to gratefully acknowledge my graduate student committee: Dr. Harry Cralle, Dr. James Chandler, and Dr. Rodney Bovey. Their continued support and direction made...

Cook, Casey Lee

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from wheat straw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from Sugar Wheat straw Variation Cultivar a b s t r a c t Optimizing cellulosic ethanol yield depends Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Decreasing the cost of producing cellulosic ethanol

California at Riverside, University of

93

Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 289 cM, respectively) that was equivalent in location to that for resistance to O. yallundae (LOD = 13Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat K. L of seedling plants, evidence of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) conferring resistance to O. acuformis

Murray, Timothy D.

94

Population dynamics and within field distribution of the greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), and its parasitoids in Central Texas winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along field perrmeter and within fteld interior of winter wheat during 1979-80 in A) Jonah, B) Elgin, C) Snook 58 7 Linear regression of log (variance) x log (mean) for Sh*ph'g'(Rd). Rhp)*'php*d'(4) and mummtfied greenbug from wtnter wheat samples... of the Greenbug, Schtzaphts Gramtnum (Rondani), and Its Parasitoids in Central Texas Winter Wheat. (December 1981) Timothy J. Kring, B. A. , Quinniptac College Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr, Frank E. Gilstrap A study was conducted to describe...

Kring, T. J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Decisions to reduce greenhouse gases from agriculture and product transport: LCA case study of organic and conventional wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A streamlined hybrid life cycle assessment is conducted to compare the global warming potential (GWP) and primary energy use of conventional and organic wheat production and delivery in the US. Impact differences from agricultural inputs, grain farming, and transport processes are estimated. The GWP of a 1 kg loaf of organic wheat bread is about 30 g CO2-eq less than the conventional loaf. When organic wheat is shipped 420 km farther to market, organic and conventional wheat systems have similar impacts. These results can change dramatically depending on soil carbon accumulation and nitrous oxide emissions from the two systems. Key parameters and their variability are discussed to provide producers, wholesale and retail consumers, and policymakers metrics to align their decisions with low-carbon objectives.

Kyle Meisterling; Constantine Samaras; Vanessa Schweizer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Modifications of the Connecticut broiler ration: wheat vs. corn, varying levels of protein concentrates, vitamin, antibiotic, and arsonic acid supplementation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Five experiments in series, requiring a total of 3,000 chicks, were conducted to test modifications of and supplements to the Connecticut broiler ration. Wheat and/or… (more)

Casorso, Roy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Biolistic and agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of immature and mature embryos of spring wheat cultivar Saratovskaya-29  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well. The primary objective of this study was to use the callus-based transformation procedures mentioned above with a non-model cultivar of hexaploid spring wheat Saratovskaya-29, widely grown in Kazakhstan, to test the genotype dependence...

Kopbayev, Arman A.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

98

Rapid Genome Divergence at Orthologous Low Molecular Weight Glutenin Loci of the A and Am Genomes of Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of hexaploid wheat, Chinese Spring (Sears, 1966), and Langdon/Chinese Spring substitution lines in which...substituted by the Chinese Spring D genome homologs (Joppa and...assembled using the Phrap assembly engine (version 0.990319 provided...

Thomas Wicker; Nabila Yahiaoui; Romain Guyot; Edith Schlagenhauf; Zhong-Da Liu; Jorge Dubcovsky; Beat Keller

2003-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

Performance of late sown wheat crop under different planting geometries and irrigation regimes in arid climate  

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Proper orientation of plants in the field and management of soil moisture for appropriate utilization of land, water and environmental resources plays a significant role in the optimum development and functioning of vital plant organs. A two factor field experiment was conducted for two consecutive crop growth seasons viz. 2006–07 and 2007–08 at Research and Demonstration Farm, Regional Agricultural Economic Development Centre (RAEDC), Vehari, Pakistan to make a comparison of four different planting geometries viz. planting in 22 cm apart rows under conventional, minimum and zero tillage, respectively and planting in 11 cm apart rows under conventional tillage system. Wheat cultivar, Inqlab-91 was planted late in December. Crop was subjected to five irrigation levels in which irrigation was applied equivalent to 120%, 100%, 80%, 60% or 40% of ETo. Lower soil bulk density and penetration resistances at 10–20 cm soil depth were recorded with conventional tillage with either narrow or wider row spacing as compared to other planting geometries. The maximum values for LAI, LAD, TDM, productive tillers (m?2), 1000-grain weight and grain yield were recorded with planting geometry having 11 cm apart rows under conventional tillage system along with irrigation level of 120% \\{ETo\\} that remained statistically at par with the same planting geometry subjected to the irrigation regime of 100% ETo. This planting geometry also resulted in minimum weed fresh biomass. It is concluded that late planted wheat crop planted in 11 cm wide rows under conventional tillage irrigated @ 100% \\{ETo\\} may serve as an appropriate technology for enhancing the wheat productivity of late sown wheat crop under limited water supplies.

Hakoomat Ali; Nadeem Iqbal; Shakeel Ahmad; Ahmad Naeem Shahzad; Naeem Sarwar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Effects of phenanthrene on seed germination and some physiological activities of wheat seedling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are one of the highly persistent organic pollutants, and they are toxic to plants and other living organisms, including human beings. To analyze the response of higher plant to PAHs, we investigated the effects of phenanthrene (PHE) on seed germination and various physiological changes of wheat seedlings. Specifically, we investigated growth, chlorophyll content, lipid peroxidation (LPO), activities of antioxidant enzymes and H2O2 accumulation. The results showed that PHE inhibited seed germination, affected the growth and chlorophyll level of wheat seedlings. Furthermore, PHE elevated the levels of LPO and induced H2O2 accumulation in leaf tissues in a dose-dependent manner, accompanied by the changes in the antioxidant status. The activities of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), displayed a decreasing trend with the increasing of PHE concentration. The results indicated that PHE could exert oxidative damages in the early development stage of wheat and the harmfulness occurred mainly in samples with higher concentrations of PHE.

Haiying Wei; Shanjuan Song; Hongling Tian; Ting Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3] sinapic acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3, 118, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France In order to investigate the fate of lignin during lignin in the dark or in the light. Batches of 5 wheat-straw upper internodes (flowery stage) were

Boyer, Edmond

102

Revised version Organic Geochemistry 22, 1023-1027, 1994.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Abstract- A Pliocene oil shale (Pula, Hungary), a C3 plant Triticum aestivum and a C4 plant Zea mays were-alkane, n-alkene, Pula oil shale, Botryococcus braunii, alga, plant, waxes, sediment. INTRODUCTION n-rich, Pliocene deposit from Pula (Hungary). The bulk carbon isotope ratio of this oil shale was also determined

103

Peanut, milk, and wheat intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced allergy and asthma in children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Maternal diet during pregnancy may affect childhood allergy and asthma. Objective We sought to examine the associations between maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during early pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. Methods We studied 1277 mother-child pairs from a US prebirth cohort unselected for any disease. Using food frequency questionnaires administered during the first and second trimesters, we assessed maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during pregnancy. In mid-childhood (mean age, 7.9 years), we assessed food allergy, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis by questionnaire and serum-specific IgE levels. We examined the associations between maternal diet during pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. We also examined the cross-sectional associations between specific food allergies, asthma, and atopic conditions in mid-childhood. Results Food allergy was common (5.6%) in mid-childhood, as was sensitization to at least 1 food allergen (28.0%). Higher maternal peanut intake (each additional z score) during the first trimester was associated with 47% reduced odds of peanut allergic reaction (odds ratio [OR], 0.53; 95% CI, 0.30-0.94). Higher milk intake during the first trimester was associated with reduced asthma (OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.69-0.99) and allergic rhinitis (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97). Higher maternal wheat intake during the second trimester was associated with reduced atopic dermatitis (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.46-0.90). Peanut, wheat, and soy allergy were each cross-sectionally associated with increased childhood asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis (ORs, 3.6 to 8.1). Conclusion Higher maternal intake of peanut, milk, and wheat during early pregnancy was associated with reduced odds of mid-childhood allergy and asthma.

Supinda Bunyavanich; Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman; Thomas A. Platts-Mills; Lisa Workman; Joanne E. Sordillo; Carlos A. Camargo Jr.; Matthew W. Gillman; Diane R. Gold; Augusto A. Litonjua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The effect of varying degrees of infection of wheat stem rust and of oat smuts on yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY A A M COLLEGE OF TEXX'8 THE EFFECT OF VARYING DEGREES OF INFECTION OF WHEAT STEM RUST AND OF OAT SMUTS ON YIELDS A Thesis by WILEY NATHAN GARRETT Submitted. to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... in Partial fulfillment of the requirements i' or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1958 Major Sub/cot: Plant Pathology THE EFFECT OF VARYING DEGREES OF INJECT10N QF WHEAT STEM RUST AND OF OAT SNHS ON YIELDS A Thesis by WILEY NATHAN GARRETT...

Garrett, Wiley Nathan

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Winter wheat yield forecasting in Ukraine based on Earth observation, meteorological data and biophysical models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ukraine is one of the most developed agriculture countries and one of the biggest crop producers in the world. Timely and accurate crop yield forecasts for Ukraine at regional level become a key element in providing support to policy makers in food security. In this paper, feasibility and relative efficiency of using moderate resolution satellite data to winter wheat forecasting in Ukraine at oblast level is assessed. Oblast is a sub-national administrative unit that corresponds to the NUTS2 level of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) of the European Union. NDVI values were derived from the MODIS sensor at the 250 m spatial resolution. For each oblast NDVI values were averaged for a cropland map (Rainfed croplands class) derived from the ESA GlobCover map, and were used as predictors in the regression models. Using a leave-one-out cross-validation procedure, the best time for making reliable yield forecasts in terms of root mean square error was identified. For most oblasts, NDVI values taken in April–May provided the minimum RMSE value when comparing to the official statistics, thus enabling forecasts 2–3 months prior to harvest. The NDVI-based approach was compared to the following approaches: empirical model based on meteorological observations (with forecasts in April–May that provide minimum RMSE value) and WOFOST crop growth simulation model implemented in the CGMS system (with forecasts in June that provide minimum RMSE value). All three approaches were run to produce winter wheat yield forecasts for independent datasets for 2010 and 2011, i.e. on data that were not used within model calibration process. The most accurate predictions for 2010 were achieved using the CGMS system with the RMSE value of 0.3 t ha?1 in June and 0.4 t ha?1 in April, while performance of three approaches for 2011 was almost the same (0.5–0.6 t ha?1 in April). Both NDVI-based approach and CGMS system overestimated winter wheat yield comparing to official statistics in 2010, and underestimated it in 2011. Therefore, we can conclude that performance of empirical NDVI-based regression model was similar to meteorological and CGMS models when producing winter wheat yield forecasts at oblast level in Ukraine 2–3 months prior to harvest, while providing minimum requirements to input datasets.

Felix Kogan; Nataliia Kussul; Tatiana Adamenko; Sergii Skakun; Oleksii Kravchenko; Oleksii Kryvobok; Andrii Shelestov; Andrii Kolotii; Olga Kussul; Alla Lavrenyuk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Dust suppression characteristics of mineral oil when applied to corn, wheat, or soybeans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). . . . . . . Percent of Dust Less Than 10 um (PLT10). . Percent of Dust Less Than 16 um (PLT16). . Mass of Dust Less Than 10 pr1 (NLT10). . Mass of Dust Less Than 16 qm (MLT16). . Retention Curves (RC). SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS. FUTURE RESEARCH. REFERENCES... OF THEIR RESPECTIVE GRAIN KERNELS. . SUMMARY OF THE MEAN PERCENT OF DUST LESS THAN 10 um (PLT10) VALUES OF CORN, WHEAT, AND SOYBEAN DUSTS ADHERING TO THE SURFACES OF THEIR RESPECTIVE GRAIN KERNELS. SUMMARY OF THE MEAN PERCENT OF DUST LESS THAN 16 um (PLT16...

Jones, David Don

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Development of geothermally assisted process for production of liquid fuels and chemicals from wheat straw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of variations in autohydrolysis conditions on the production of fermentable sugars from wheat straw are investigated. Both the direct production of sugar from the autohydrolysis of hemicellulose and the subsequent yield from the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose are considered. The principal parameters studied were time, temperature, and water/fiber weight ratio; however, the effects of adding minor amounts of phenol and aluminum sulfate to the autohydrolysis charge were also investigated. A brief study was made of the effects of two major parameters, substrate concentration and enzyme/substrate ratio, on the sugar yield from enzymatic hydrolysis of optimally pretreated straw. The efficiency with which these sugars could be fermented to ethanol was studied. In most cases experiments were carried out using distilled water; however, the effects of direct use of geothermal water were determined for each of the major steps in the process. An appendix to the body of the report describes the results of a preliminary economic evaluation of a plant designed to produce 25 x 10/sup 6/ gallons of ethanol per year from wheat straw using the best process conditions determined in the above work. Also appended are the results from a preliminary investigation of the applicability of autohydrolysis technology to the production of fermentable sugars from corn stover.

Murphy, V.G.; Linden, J.C.; Moreira, A.R.; Lenz, T.G.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Pilot-Scale Gasification of Corn Stover, Switchgrass, Wheat Straw, and Wood: 1. Parametric Study and Comparison with Literature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pilot-Scale Gasification of Corn Stover, Switchgrass, Wheat Straw, and Wood: 1. Parametric Study and Comparison with Literature ... Chemical Reviews (Washington, DC, United States) (2006), 106 (9), 4044-4098 CODEN: CHREAY; ISSN:0009-2665. ... A review of the primary measures for tar elimination in biomass gasification processes Biomass Bioenergy 2003, 24, 125– 140 ...

Daniel L. Carpenter; Richard L. Bain; Ryan E. Davis; Abhijit Dutta; Calvin J. Feik; Katherine R. Gaston; Whitney Jablonski; Steven D. Phillips; Mark R. Nimlos

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Photosynthetic Traits in Wheat Grown under Decreased and Increased CO2 Concentration, and after Transfer to Natural CO2 concentration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wheat plants were grown from sowing to day 18 in 26-dm3 chambers at three different CO2 concentrations: 150 (-CO2), 350 (C, control), 800 (+CO2) ?mol mol-1. Afterwards, plants of the three variants were grown at ...

P. Ulman; J. ?atský; J. Pospíšilová

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

List of publications 1. Sun, L., Mller, B. and Schnrer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat straw community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

List of publications 1. Sun, L., Müller, B. and Schnürer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat biogas digesters. Biores. Technol. 132, 327­332 4. Manzoor, S., Müller, B., Niazi A., Bongcam-Rudloff E of syntrophic acetate- oxidising culture in biogas reactors exposed to increasing levels of ammonia. Applied

111

Wheat germ cell-free expression system as a pathway to improve protein yield and solubility for the SSGCID pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A set of 44 protein targets was used to test expression in the wheat germ cell-free system, the vast majority of which were expressed and soluble in this system; further increases in solubility were achieved by addition of the NVoy polymer.

Guild, K.

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Use of near-isogenic wheat lines to determine glutenin and gliadin composition and funtionality in flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tortilla baking quality. Near-isogenic wheat lines in which one or more of these loci were absent or deleted were used in the study. These lines were analyzed using SSR primers to verify the chromosome deletions. A standard SDS PAGE gel and a Lab on Chip...

Mondal, Suchismita

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Effects of elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2} on canopy transpiration in senescent spring wheat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The seasonal course of canopy transpiration and the diurnal courses of latent heat flux of a spring wheat crop were simulated for atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations of 370 {micro}mol mol{sup {minus}1} and 550 {micro}mol mol{sup {minus}1}. The hourly weather data, soil parameters and the irrigation and fertilizer treatments of the Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment wheat experiment in Arizona (1992/93) were used to drive the model. The simulation results were tested against field measurements with special emphasis on the period between anthesis and maturity. A model integrating leaf photosynthesis and stomatal conductance was scaled to a canopy level in order to be used in the wheat growth model. The simulated intercellular CO{sub 2} concentration, C{sub i} was determined from the ratio of C{sub i} to the CO{sub 2} concentration at the leaf surface, C{sub s}, the leaf to air specific humidity deficit and a possibly unfulfilled transpiration demand. After anthesis, the measured assimilation rates of the flag leaves decreased more rapidly than their stomatal conductances, leading to a rise in the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio. In order to describe this observation, an empirical model approach was developed which took into account the leaf nitrogen content for the calculation of the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio. Simulation results obtained with the new model version were in good agreement with the measurements. If changes in the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio accorded to the decrease in leaf nitrogen content during leaf senescence were not considered in the model, simulations revealed an underestimation of the daily canopy transpiration of up to twenty percent and a decrease in simulated seasonal canopy transpiration by ten percent. The measured reduction in the seasonal sum of canopy transpiration and soil evaporation owing to CO{sub 2} enrichment, in comparison, was only about five percent.

Grossman, S.; Kimball, B.A.; Hunsaker, D.J.; Long, S.P. et al

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Yield and water use efficiency of wheat and cotton under alternate furrow and check-basin irrigation with canal and tube well water in Punjab, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 4-year field experiment was conducted in a semi-arid area to evaluate the response of each furrow and alternate furrow irrigation in wheat-cotton system using irrigation waters of different qualities in a calca...

H. S. Thind; G. S. Buttar; M. S. Aujla

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The spectrum of low molecular weight alpha-amylase/protease inhibitor genes expressed in the US bread wheat cultivar Butte 86  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wheat grains accumulate a variety of low molecular weight proteins that are inhibitors of alpha-amylases and proteases and play an important ... both seedling growth and human nutrition. The alpha-amylase/proteas...

Susan B Altenbach; William H Vensel; Frances M Dupont

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from wheat straw  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cultivar Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from wheat straw J. Lindedam a, *, S.B. Andersen b , J. DeMartini c , S. Bruun b , H. Jørgensen a , C. Felby a , J. Magid b , B. Yang d , C.E. Wyman c a Forestry and Wood Products, Forest & Landscape, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 23, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark b Plant and Soil Science Laboratory, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark c Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside, CA 92507, USA d Center for Bioproducts and Bioenergy, Washington State University, 2710 University Drive, Richland, WA 99354, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history:

117

Post-Harvest Processing Methods for Reduction of Silica and Alkali Metals in Wheat Straw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silica and alkali metals in wheat straw limit its use for bioenergy and gasification. Slag deposits occur via the eutectic melting of SiO2 with K2O, trapping chlorides at surfaces and causing corrosion. A minimum melting point of 950°C is desirable, corresponding to SiO2:K2O of about 3:1. Mild chemical treatments were used to reduce Si, K, and Cl, while varying temperature, concentration, %-solids, and time. Dilute acid was more effective at removing K and Cl, while dilute alkali was more effective for Si. Reduction of minerals in this manner may prove economical for increasing utilization of the straw for combustion or gasification.

Thompson, David Neal; Lacey, Jeffrey Alan; Shaw, Peter Gordon

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Effects of No-Till on Yields as Influenced by Crop and Environmental Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Th is research evaluated diff erences in yields and associated downside risk from using no-till and tillage practices. Yields from 442 paired tillage experiments across the United States were evaluated with respect to six crops and environmental factors including geographic location, annual precipitation, soil texture, and time since conversion from tillage to no-till. Results indicated that mean yields for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with no-till were greater than with tillage. In addition, no-till tended to produce similar or greater mean yields than tillage for crops grown on loamy soils in the Southern Seaboard and Mississippi Portal regions. A warmer and more humid climate and warmer soils in these regions relative to the Heartland, Basin and Range, and Fruitful Rim regions appear to favor no-till on loamy soils. With the exception of corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the Southern Seaboard region, no-till performed poorly on sandy soils. Crops grown in the Southern Seaboard were less likely to have lower no-till yields than tillage yields on loamy soils and thus had lower downside yield risk than other farm resource regions. Consistent with mean yield results, soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and wheat grown on sandy soils in the Southern Seaboard region using no-till had larger downside yield risks than when produced with no-till on loamy soils. Th e key fi ndings of this study support the hypothesis that soil and climate factors impact no-till yields relative to tillage yields and may be an important factor infl uencing risk and expected return and the adoption of the practice by farmers.

Toliver, Dustin K.; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, B.C.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; West, Tristram O.

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Comparing the effect of digestate and chemical fertiliser on soil bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Different fertilisation regimes, i.e. the use of inorganic or organic fertilisers used in agriculture, are thought to cause differential effects on soil bacteria. In this study, glasshouse experiments were used to test the effects caused by addition of inorganic fertiliser or digestate from sewage sludge on soil bacterial community structure and diversity assessed by pyrosequencing of the V1–V3 region of the 16S rRNA gene. Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cultivar Paragon) was used as model crop and its growth (measured by total dry weight) was monitored as well as changes in soil nitrogen and phosphorous at three time points over 128 days. Overall, 40 different bacterial phyla were detected with Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria dominating the communities. Additionally, members of the Bacteroidetes, Gemmatimonadetes, Chloroflexi and WS3 were found in all samples. Members of the Planctomycetes, Firmicutes, Nitrospirae, candidate division SPAM and Armatimonadetes were found in all samples but at lower abundances. Within the phylum Proteobacteria the classes Alpha- and Betaproteobacteria were most prevalent. Over the course of the experiment, the major differences between treatments were observed for the Actino-, Proteo- and the Acidobacteria. Sequences related to the Planctomycetes, implicated in nitrogen cycling, decreased in all treatments during the course of the experiment. Statistical analyses revealed that mainly nutrient addition and plant growth influenced the bacterial community structure. The effects of the treatment itself could be attributed to different gain in wheat growth especially when the communities were compared at the end of the trial. Our results indicate that the usage of different fertilisers will not only affect the bacterial community by direct addition of nutrients, but also indirectly.

Melanie Sapp; Mark Harrison; Ummey Hany; Adrian Charlton; Richard Thwaites

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The group of soil of protection and the group of plant nutrition of the ETH and the FiBL propose two MSc theses on on-farm management of organic matter in the project "Zinc biofortification of Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in organic and conventional farming, affects soil Zn and Cd dynamics, wheat production (liquid slurry, solid farmyard manure, plant residues, compost, fallowing); how

Fischlin, Andreas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Wheat Improvement Programs WHEAT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Royalty revenues, which assist funding of programs and attracting/retaining top scientists, have increased

122

Effects of Variations in High Molecular Weight Glutenin Allele Composition and Resistant Starch on Wheat Flour Tortilla Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strong gluten that gives small diameter tortillas with good flexibility over storage. Good quality tortilla flour should have extensible gluten that will provide rapid extension during pressing to form larger diameter tortillas that retain air bubbles... and flexibility during storage (Waniska et al. 2004). Tortilla producers use food additives such as reducing agents, fats and enzymes to increase gluten extensibility in dough during production of wheat flour tortilla. However, besides reducing...

Jondiko, Tom Odhiambo

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

Grinding energy and physical properties of chopped and hammer-milled barley, wheat, oat, and canola straws  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, specific energy for grinding and physical properties of wheat, canola, oat and barley straw grinds were investigated. The initial moisture content of the straw was about 0.13–0.15 (fraction total mass basis). Particle size reduction experiments were conducted in two stages: (1) a chopper without a screen, and (2) a hammer mill using three screen sizes (19.05, 25.4, and 31.75 mm). The lowest grinding energy (1.96 and 2.91 kWh t-1) was recorded for canola straw using a chopper and hammer mill with 19.05-mm screen size, whereas the highest (3.15 and 8.05 kWh t-1) was recorded for barley and oat straws. The physical properties (geometric mean particle diameter, bulk, tapped and particle density, and porosity) of the chopped and hammer-milled wheat, barley, canola, and oat straw grinds measured were in the range of 0.98–4.22 mm, 36–80 kg m-3, 49–119 kg m-3, 600–1220 kg m-3, and 0.9–0.96, respectively. The average mean particle diameter was highest for the chopped wheat straw (4.22-mm) and lowest for the canola grind (0.98-mm). The canola grinds produced using the hammer mill (19.05-mm screen size) had the highest bulk and tapped density of about 80 and 119 kg m-3; whereas, the wheat and oat grinds had the lowest of about 58 and 88–90 kg m-3. The results indicate that the bulk and tapped densities are inversely proportional to the particle size of the grinds. The flow properties of the grinds calculated are better for chopped straws compared to hammer milled using smaller screen size (19.05 mm).

J.S. Tumuluru [Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Biofuels and Renewable Energy Technologies Dept.; L.G. Tabil [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; Y. Song [Shenyang Agricultural University (China). Coll. of Engineering; K.L. Iroba [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; V. Meda [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

VALIDATION OF FIRESIDE PERFORMANCE INDICES: FOULING/CORROSION EVALUATION OF MDF PARTICLEBOARD AND BLENDS WITH WHEAT STRAW BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sauder Woodworking currently fires a large portion of all wood wastes in a boiler producing process steam. It is investigating using particleboard made from wheat straw in its manufacturing process and is concerned with the effects of the inorganics on its boiler. Wheat straw board contains higher ash contents and increased levels of potassium, creating concern over fouling characteristics in Sauder's tight boiler design. In addition, the wheat straw board contains high concentrations of chlorine, which may affect boiler tube corrosion when fired in combination with the particleboard wastes currently generated. Sauder has engaged the services of the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota to investigate the potential detrimental effects of firing blends containing wheat straw on boiler tube fouling and corrosion. Additional funding for this project was provided through the U.S. Department of Energy Jointly Sponsored Research Program (DOE JSRP) project ''Validation of Fireside Performance Indices'' to validate, improve, and expand the PCQUEST (Predictive Coal Quality Effects Screening Tool) program. The PCQUEST fuel database is constantly expanding and adding new fuels, for which the algorithms may need refinement and additional verification in order to accurately predict index values. A key focus is on performing advanced and conventional fuel analyses and adding these analyses to the PCQUEST database. Such fuels include coals of all ranks and origins, upgraded coals, petroleum coke, biomass and biomass-coal blends, and waste materials blended with coal. Since there are differences in the chemical and mineral form of the inorganic content in biomass and substantial differences in organic matrix characteristics, analysis and characterization methods developed for coal fuels may not be applicable. The project was seen to provide an excellent opportunity to test and improve the ability of PCQUEST to handle nontypical soil and biomass minerals.

Christopher J. Zygarlicke; Jay R. Gunderson; Donald P. McCollor

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

KNIFE MILL COMMINUTION ENERGY ANALYSIS OF SWITCHGRASS, WHEAT STRAW, AND CORN STOVER AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biomass preprocessing and pretreatment technologies such as size reduction and chemical preconditioning are aimed at reducing the cost of ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Size reduction is an energy-intensive biomass preprocessing unit operation. In this study, switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover were chopped in an instrumented knife mill to evaluate size reduction energy and corresponding particle size distribution as determined with a standard forage sieve analyzer. Direct mechanical power inputs were determined using a dedicated data acquisition system for knife mill screen openings from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, rotor speeds between 250 and 500 rpm, and mass feed rates from 1 to 11 kg/min. A speed of 250 rpm gave optimum performance of the mill. Optimum feed rates for 25.4 mm screen and 250 rpm were 7.6, 5.8, and 4.5 kg/min for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. Total specific energy (MJ/Mg) was defined as the size reduction energy required to operate the knife mill plus that imparted to the biomass. Effective specific energy was defined as the energy imparted to the biomass. For these conditions, total specific energies were 27.3, 37.9, and 31.9 MJ/Mg and effective specific energies were 10.1, 15.5, and 3.2 MJ/Mg for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. These results demonstrated that biomass selection affects the size reduction energy, even for biomass with similar features. Second-order polynomial equations for the total specific energy requirement fitted well (R2 > 0.95) as a function of knife mill screen size, mass feed rate, and speed for biomass materials tested. The Rosin-Rammler equation fitted the cumulative undersize mass of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover chop passed through ASABE sieves with high R2 (>0.983). Knife mill chopping of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover resulted in particle size distributions classified as 'well-graded strongly fine-skewed mesokurtic', 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', and 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', respectively, for small knife mill screen sizes (12.7 to 25.4 mm) and distributions classified as 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', 'well-graded strongly fine-skewed mesokurtic', and 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', respectively, for the large screen size (50.8 mm). Total and effective specific energy values per unit size reduction of wheat straw were greater compared to those for switchgrass. Corn stover resulted in reduced total and effective specific energy per unit size reduction compared to wheat straw for the same operating conditions, but higher total specific energy per unit size reduction and lesser effective specific energy per unit size reduction compared to switchgrass. Data on minimized total specific energy with corresponding particle spectra will be useful for preparing feed material with a knife mill for subsequent grinding with finer size reduction devices.

Bitra, V.S.P. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Igathinathane, C. [North Dakota State University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The bulking effect of dietary fiber in the rat large intestine: an in vivo study of cellulose, guar, pectin, wheat bran and oat bran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis by JEANNE MARIE GAZZANIGA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Nutrition THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis...

Gazzaniga, Jeanne Marie

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Changes in niacin content produced by nickel-chloride in a rust susceptible wheat and oat variety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control and two txeatuents of Alamo oats (wet weight). ~ . . ?, 17 4, Suncau nultiple range test for niacin content of Aleno oats for a control and two treataents based on the nitrogen content of the plants at four weeks of ageo ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o... . I5. 2 3 . 4 . 5 MICROGRA MS OF NIACIN Figure l, A ~ical e~ ecxve fox' the grcnrth ef stxafn 3, p~g af Xactobaeiliws exshXsosus, wheat plants~ faU. owed in ascending order by the plants treated with niche'. ~oride, niacin an4 niche~oxide plus...

Lacy, Logan Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

128

Permissive role of the acidification caused by wheat aleurone layers upon. alpha. -amylase induction by GA sub 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat aleurone has the capacity of acidifying the incubation medium in 1 to 2 pH units. The {alpha}-amylase induction by GA{sub 3} in isolated wheat aleurone layers is strongly dependent on acidic pH of the medium (pH < 5). To examine possible mechanisms {sup 35}-Met incorporation into proteins and {alpha}-amylase, in the presence of GA{sub 3} and Ca{sup 2+} at pH, 4, 5 and 6 was studied. Although {sup 35}-Met uptake decreased markedly ({approx} 90%) at pH 4 in thepresence of GA{sub 3}, incorporation into total protein did not change significantly from other conditions. Auto-radiography of SDS-PAGE showed that most of the amino acid was in the {alpha}-amylase band, meaning that the effect of acidic pH is specific for GA{sub 3} actions on aleurone tissue. On the other hand, an increase of protonated GA{sub 3} diffusion could be ruled out. Also, there was not {alpha}-amylase inactivation at pH 6. These findings point out to the important physiological role of the acidification caused by the aleurone.

Rodriguez-Campos, E.; Bernal-Lugo, I.; Hamabata, A. (CINVESTAV-IPN (Mexico))

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effect of cropland management and slope position on soil organic carbon pool at the North Appalachian Experimental Watersheds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil organic matter is strongly related to soil type, landscape morphology, and soil and crop management practices. Therefore, long-term (15–36-years) effects of six cropland management systems on soil organic carbon (SOC) pool in 0–30 cm depth were studied for the period of 1939–1999 at the North Appalachian Experimental Watersheds (pool ranged from 24.5 Mg ha?1 in the 32-years moldboard tillage corn (Zea mays L.)–wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)–meadow–meadow rotation with straight row farming and annual application of fertilizer (N:P:K=5:9:17) of 56–112 kg ha?1 and cattle (Bos taurus) manure of 9 Mg ha?1 as the prevalent system (MTR-P) to 65.5 Mg ha?1 in the 36-years no tillage continuous corn with contour row farming and annual application of 170–225 kg N ha?1 and appropriate amounts of P and K, and 6–11 Mg ha?1 of cattle manure as the improved system (NTC-M). The difference in SOC pool among management systems ranged from 2.4 to 41 Mg ha?1 and was greater than 25 Mg ha?1 between NTC-M and the other five management systems. The difference in the SOC pool of NTC-M and that of no tillage continuous corn (NTC) were 16–21 Mg ha?1 higher at the lower slope position than at the middle and upper slope positions. The effect of slope positions on SOC pools of the other management systems was significantly less (water conservation farming on SOC pool were accumulative. The NTC-M treatment with application of NPK fertilizer, lime, and cattle manure is an effective cropland management system for SOC sequestration.

Y Hao; R Lal; L.B Owens; R.C Izaurralde; W.M Post; D.L Hothem

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Extractable trace elements in the soil profile after years of biosolids application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and some state agencies regulate trace element additions to soil from land application of biosolids. The authors generally consider trace elements added in biosolids (sewage sludge) to accumulate in the soil surface without significant transport below the plow layer. They used 11 yr of field-study information from biosolids addition to dryland hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Vona or TAM107) to determine the distribution of NH{sub 4}HCO{sub 3} diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (AB-DTPA)-extractable Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn in 0 to 20 (plow layer), 20 to 60, 60 to 100, and 100 to 150 cm depth increments. This study is unique since it involves multiple biosolids application in a dryland summer fallow agroecosystem. The authors applied five or six applications of biosolids from the cities of Littleton and Englewood, CO, to Weld loam or Platner loam at four locations. This paper focuses on the 0 (control), the 56 or 67 kg of N ha{sup {minus}1} fertilizer rates, and the 6.7 and 26.8 dry Mg of biosolids ha{sup {minus}1} rates that they added every crop year. The authors observed significant (P < 0.10) accumulations of the trace elements in the plow layer of the biosolids-amended soils. Only Zn showed consistent increases in extractable levels below the plow layer at all four sites. The biosolids Zn concentration was larger than any other trace element resulting in larger loading of this element.

Barbarick, K.A.; Ippolito, J.A.; Westfall, D.G. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Soil and Crop Sciences

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Development of Geothermally Assisted Process for Production of Liquid Fuels and Chemicals from Wheat Straw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently there has been much interest in developing processes for producing liquid fuels from renewable resources. The most logical long term approach in terms of economics derives the carbohydrate substrate for fermentation from the hydrolysis of cellulosic crop and forest residues rather than from grains or other high grade food materials (1,2). Since the presence of lignin is the main barrier to the hydrolysis of cellulose from lignocellulosic materials, delignification processes developed by the wood pulping industry have been considered as possible prehydrolysis treatments. The delignification process under study in our laboratory is envisioned as a synthesis of two recently developed pulping processes. In the first step, called autohydrolysis, hot water is used directly to solubilize hemicellulose and to depolymerize lignin (3). Then, in a second step known as organosolv pulping (4), the autohydrolyzed material is extracted with aqueous alcohol. A s shown in Figure 1, this process can separate the original lignocellulosic material into three streams--hemicellulose in water, lignin in aqueous alcohol, and a cellulose pulp. Without further mechanical milling, delignified cellulose can be enzymatically hydrolyzed at 45-50 C to greater than 80% theoretical yield of glucose using fungal cellulases (5, 6). The resulting glucose syrup can then be fermented by yeast to produce ethanol or by selected bacteria to produce acetone and butanol or acetic and propionic acids (7). One objection to such a process, however, is the large energy input that is required. In order to extend our supplies of liquid fuels and chemicals, it is important that the use of fossil fuels in any lignocellulosic conversion process be minimized. The direct use of geothermal hot water in carrying out the autohydrolysis and extraction operations, therefore, seems especially attractive. On the one hand, it facilitates the conversion of non-food biomass to fuels and chemicals without wasting fossil fuel; and on the other hand, it provides a means for ''exporting'' geothermal energy from the well site. The primary goal of the work discussed in this report was to investigate the effects of variations in autohydrolysis conditions on the production of fermentable sugars from wheat straw. In assessing the relative merits of various sets of conditions, we considered both the direct production of sugar from the autohydrolysis of hemicellulose and the subsequent yield from the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. The principal parameters studied were time, temperature, and water/fiber weight ratio; however, we also investigated the effects of adding minor amounts of phenol and aluminum sulfate to the autohydrolysis charge. Phenol was selected for study because it was reported (8) to be effective in suppressing repolymerization of reactive lignin fragments. Aluminum sulfate, on the other hand, was chosen as a representative of the Lewis acids which, we hoped, would catalyze the delignification reactions.

Murphy, V.G.; Linden, J.C.; Moreira, A.R.; Lenz, T.G.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effects of alien and intraspecies cytoplasms on manifestation of nuclear genes for wheat resistance to brown rust: II. Specificity of cytoplasm influence on different Lr genes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Specificity of expression of the major nuclear genes Lr to two brown rust clones in hybrids with the same maternal cytoplasm was analyzed. It was evaluated by a resistant: susceptible ratio in the F{sub 2}. Reciprocal hybrids were obtained from the cross between the progeny of homozygous susceptible plants of the cultivar Penjamo 62 and its alloplasmatic lines carrying cytoplasms of Triticum dicoccoides var. fulvovillosum, Aegilops squarrosa var. typical, Agropyron trichophorum, and isogenic lines of the cultivar Thatcher (Th) with the Lr1, Lr9, Lr15, and Lr19 genes. It was shown that the effect of the Lr1 gene in the cytoplasm of cultivar Thatcher and in eu-, and alloplasmatic forms of Penjamo 62 was less expressed than that of other Lr genes. Cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (dicoccoides)-Penjamo 62 was the only exception: in the F{sub 2}, hybrids with Th (Lr1) had a higher yield of resistant forms than those with Th (Lr15). In the hybrid combinations studied, expression and/or transmission of the Lr19 gene was more significant than that of other genes. This gene had no advantages over Lr15 and Lr19 only in cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (squarrosa)-Penjamo 62. In certain hybrid cytoplasms, the display of the Lr1, Lr15, and Lr19 genes, in contrast to Lr9, varied with the virulence of the pathogen clones. 15 refs., 5 tabs.

Voluevich, E.A.; Buloichik, A.A.; Palilova, A.N. [Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Minsk (Belarus)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Title: Crop genetic diversity benefits farmland biodiversity in cultivated fields1 Carole Chateila, b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

genetic diversity benefits farmland biodiversity in cultivated fields1 2 Authors3 Carole Chateila, b11 marine (IMBE), UMR CNRS 7263 - IRD 237, Campus St-Jérôme, Case 421, 13397 Marseille12 Cedex 20 whether increasing crop genetic diversity benefited farmland biodiversity in5 bread wheat (Triticum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Effects of long-term straw incorporation on the net global warming potential and the net economic benefit in a rice–wheat cropping system in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Straw incorporation has multiple effects on greenhouse gas emissions and soil productivity. However, few studies have comprehensively evaluated the effects of long-term straw incorporation. An ongoing long-term straw incorporation experiment in a rice–wheat cropping system in China was established in 1990 and was used in the present study to evaluate the net global warming potential (NGWP) and the net economic benefit (NEB) of the straw return. The following four field treatments were included: a control (CK); N, P and K fertilization (NPK); fertilization plus a moderate rate of straw application (NPKS1); and fertilization plus a high rate of straw application (NPKS2). We calculated the increase in the soil organic carbon (SOC) and the straw-induced emissions of CH4 and N2O, which were expressed as the global warming potential (GWP) in units of CO2-equivalent (CO2-eq) at the 100-year scale. The straw-induced NEB was defined as the difference between the economic income, which was calculated by multiplying the increase in straw-induced crop grain yield by the grain price, and the economic loss was computed by multiplying the increase in straw-induced CO2-eq emissions by the carbon price. The results showed that long-term straw incorporation significantly increased the CH4 emissions and the topsoil SOC density. The GWP of the straw-induced CH4 emissions was 3.21–3.92 times that of the straw-induced SOC sequestration rate, suggesting that long-term direct straw incorporation in the rice–wheat systems worsens rather than mitigates the climate change. Additionally, continuous straw incorporation slightly enhanced the rice and wheat grain yields, contributing to the production of the NEB. We determined that under the current carbon price, ranging from 2.55 to 31.71 EUR per ton CO2-eq, the direct straw incorporation will produce a positive NEB, ranging from 156 to 658 RMB ha?1 year?1, if the grain yield prices do not fluctuate, which does not provide a significant incentive for farmers to change from their traditional direct straw incorporation pattern. Considering the other benefits that the straw application produced, such as improving soil fertility and the water retention capacity, we recommend that the government should establish an incentive for ecological compensation to encourage farmers to implement proper straw incorporation, such as composting straw under aerobic conditions before application.

Longlong Xia; Shuwei Wang; Xiaoyuan Yan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Effects of Phosphorus Application in Different Soil Layers on Root Growth, Yield, and Water-Use Efficiency of Winter Wheat Grown Under Semi-Arid Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Deep phosphorus application can be a usefull measure to improve crops’ performance in semi-arid regions, but more knowledge of both its general effects and effects on specific crops is required to optimize treatments. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of phosphorus (P) application at different soil layers on root growth, grain yield, and water-use efficiency (WUE) of winter wheat grown on the semi-arid Loess Plateau of China and to explore the relationship between root distribution and grain yield. The experiment consisted of four P treatments in a randomized complete block design with three replicates and two cultivars: one drought-sensitive (Xiaoyan 22, XY22) and one drought-tolerant (Changhan 58, CH58). The four P treatments were no P (control, CK), surface P (SP), deep P (DP), and deep-band P application (DBP). CH58 produced larger and deeper root systems, and had higher grain yields and WUE, under the deep P treatments (DP and DBP) than under SP, clearly showing that deep P placement had beneficial effects on the drought-tolerant cultivar. In contrast, the grain yield and root growth of XY22 did not differ between DP or DBP and SP treatments. Further, root dry weight (RW) and root length (RL) in deep soil layer (30-100 cm) were closely positively correlated with grain yield and WUE of CH58 (but not XY22), highlighting the connections between a well-developed subsoil root system and both high grain yield and WUE for the drought-tolerant cultivar. WUE correlated strongly with grain yield for both cultivars (r=0.94, P<0.001). In conclusion, deep application of P fertilizer is a practical and feasible means of increasing grain yield and WUE of rainfed winter wheat in semi-arid regions, by promoting deep root development of drought-tolerant cultivars.

Li-yun KANG; Shan-chao YUE; Shi-qing LI

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Studies to Evaluate High-Temperature Aqueous Pretreatment as a Way to Modify the Composition of Bio-Oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Wheat Straw  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Studies to Evaluate High-Temperature Aqueous Pretreatment as a Way to Modify the Composition of Bio-Oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Wheat Straw ... ?-Cellulose was obtained from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, Missouri). ... This evidence suggests that CHW pretreatment may produce bio-oil that is composed of a greater amount of sugars and furanics and fewer small molecules and may therefore be a viable option to modify the chemical composition of bio-oils. ...

Robert Lee Johnson; Shi-Shen Liaw; Manuel Garcia-Perez; Su Ha; Sean S.-Y. Lin; Armando G. McDonald; Shulin Chen

2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Studies of yield and quality of grain, yield components, effect of leaf rust, and forage production of mixed varietal populations, and pure stands of varieties in wheat and oats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

varieties, having known genes for resistance to particular races of wheat or oat rusts. The blends for both grain and forage purposes consisted of 2, 3, and 4 component varieties, each compounded so that the seeding rate was 10 grams per row. 1. ~G1 1... of oats that were used for grain tests at College Station are listed below: Oats 1. New Nortex Winter type. 2. Frazier - intermediate type. 3. Alamo-X - Intermediate type, 4. Suregrain ? Intermediate type. A~br Alo-X. 5. New Nortex x Bond...

Da Gama Rose, Renaud Wilfred

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

Effects of ammoniation of wheat straw and supplementation with soybean meal or broiler litter on feed intake and digestion in yearling Spanish goat wethers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eight yearling Spanish wethers (29.6±1.10 kg initial BW) were used in an experiment with a 2×4 factorial arrangement of treatments and two simultaneous 4×4 Latin squares to determine effects on feed intake and digestion of supplementing wheat straw treated (ammoniated) with urea (T) or untreated (U) with soybean meal or broiler litter. Supplements were C (ground corn-based and fed at 0.64% BW, DM), S (C plus 0.25% BW of soybean meal) and LL and HL (C plus 0.5 or 1.0% BW of broiler litter). The N concentration was 0.4 and 2.3% and in vitro digestibility was 48 and 63% in U and T, respectively. There were no significant interactions between straw type and supplement treatment except for NDF digestion and digestible NDF intake. Ruminal fluid ammonia N concentration was greater for T than for U (P<0.05) but was not influenced by supplement treatment (4.1, 7.9, 5.1, 3.8, 11.7, 12.4, 10.8 and 15.6 mg/dl; S.E.=1.53); plasma urea N concentration was greater for T vs. U (P<0.05) and lowest among treatments (P<0.05) for C (7.8, 17.1, 16.5, 18.9, 21.5, 25.1, 28.6 and 26.6 mg/dl for U-C, U-S, U-LL, U-HL, T-C, T-S, T-LL and T-HL, respectively; S.E.=1.71). Straw DM intake was not influenced by supplement treatment and tended to be greater (P<0.13) for U vs. T (212, 261, 274, 277, 406, 404, 432 and 423 g per day for U-C, U-S, U-LL, U-HL, T-C, T-S, T-LL and T-HL, respectively; S.E.=24.6). Total OM intake ranked (P<0.05) Cwheat straw intake. Effects of ammoniation and N supplementation on digestible OM intake were additive, with greater magnitude of change via ammoniation than addition of soybean meal or broiler litter to a moderate level of a grain-based supplement.

G Abebe; R.C Merkel; G Animut; T Sahlu; A.L Goetsch

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat WRKY transcription factor enhances salinity and ionic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •A class II WRKY transcription factor, TaWRKY79 was isolated and characterized. •TaWRKY79 was induced by NaCl or abscisic acid. •843 bp regulatory segment was sufficient to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. •TaWRKY79 enhanced salinity and ionic tolerance while reduced sensitivity to ABA. •TaWRKY79 increased salinity and ionic tolerance in an ABA-dependent pathway. -- Abstract: The isolation and characterization of TaWRKY79, a wheat class II WRKY transcription factor, is described. Its 1297 bp coding region includes a 987 bp long open reading frame. TaWRKY79 was induced by stressing seedlings with either NaCl or abscisic acid (ABA). When a fusion between an 843 bp segment upstream of the TaWRKY79 coding sequence and GUS was introduced into Arabidopsis thaliana, GUS staining indicated that this upstream segment captured the sequence(s) required to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. When TaWRKY79 was constitutively expressed as a transgene in A. thaliana, the transgenic plants showed an improved capacity to extend their primary root in the presence of either 100 mM NaCl, 10 mM LiCl or 2 ?M ABA. The inference was that TaWRKY79 enhanced the level of tolerance to both salinity and ionic stress, while reducing the level of sensitivity to ABA. The ABA-related genes ABA1, ABA2 ABI1 and ABI5 were all up-regulated in the TaWRKY79 transgenic plants, suggesting that the transcription factor operates in an ABA-dependent pathway.

Qin, Yuxiang, E-mail: yuxiangqin@126.com [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Tian, Yanchen [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)] [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Han, Lu; Yang, Xinchao [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

The effect of fertilizer practices on N balance and global warming potential of maize–soybean–wheat rotations in Northeastern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Long-term agronomic studies are useful to determine cropping system nitrogen (N) use efficiency and the fate of applied fertilizers. We used a subtractive fertilizer experiment incorporating N, phosphorous (P), potassium (K) and swine manure to determine long-term changes in grain yield, soil organic carbon (SOC), total soil nitrogen (N), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The experiment was conducted on a 22-year maize–soybean–wheat rotation in Northeastern China. Crop residues were removed for cooking fuel and forage according to local practices. Five fertilizer treatments were applied annually: control (no fertilizer), NK, NP, NPK, and NPKOM (N, P, K and manure). The NPKOM treatment increased SOC and total soil N by 4.59 and 0.45 Mg ha?1, respectively. In contrast, SOC decreased by 10.6 and 6.64 Mg ha?1 in the control and NK treatments, respectively. The NPKOM treatment had an average of 2.9 times more N2O emissions than the other fertilizer treatments. The cropping system balances for N and SOC, together with fuel use for farming practices and manure handling, were used to calculate the global warming potential (GWP) of the different fertilizer treatments. Due to SOC sequestration, the GWP of the NPKOM treatment (6.77 Mg C equivalent ha?1) was significantly lower than that of both the control (14.4 Mg C equivalent ha?1) and the NK treatment (12.8 Mg C equivalent ha?1). The results suggest that in rainfed agricultural systems in Northeastern China, the application of manure supplemented with NPK can simultaneously achieve higher grain yield and lower GWP compared to mineral fertilizers alone.

Yunfa Qiao; Shujie Miao; Xiaozeng Han; Mengyang You; Xia Zhu; William R. Horwath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Soil carbon storage and N{sub 2}O emissions from wheat agroecosystems as affected by free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment (FACE) and nitrogen treatments. Final Report - February 12, 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rising atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations have prompted concern about response of plants and crops to future elevated CO{sub 2} levels, and particularly the extent to which ecosystems will sequester carbon and thus impact the rate of rise of CO{sub 2} concentrations. Free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment (FACE) experimentation was used with wheat agroecosystems for two growing seasons to assess effects of CO{sub 2} and soil nitrogen. Over 20 researchers on this experiment variously examined plant production and grain yield, phenology, length of growing season, water-use efficiency ecosystem production, below ground processes (eg, root and microbial activity, carbon and nitrogen cycling), etc.

S. W. Leavitt; A. D. Matthias; T. L. Thompson; R. A. Rauschkolb

1999-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Chemistry of Wheat Flour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...After two hours the grain was spread on wet filter paper and covered with two sheets of the same paper. The whole was thoroughly wet, placed in a pan and covered with another...glass jar 8 cm in diameter and covered with wet filter paper. The jar was kept filled with...

H. W. Wiley

1925-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - aestivum por incorporacion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ser fomentadas por los... de alta eficiencia energtica, por su reducido grado de emisiones de gases de efecto inver- nadero Source: Batiste, Oriol - Departament de Fsica...

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - aestivum cropping system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sites Distances between sites 0881 0882 crop 0880 area "ha system... with reduced chemical inputs "integrated farming system where winter oilseed rape "Brassica napus...

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - aestivum endosperm amyloplast Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

developmental timing of endosperm Mathieu Ingouff1, , Jim Haseloff2... INDEPENDENT SEED (FIS) PcG genes perturbs endosperm development. In this report we provide a detailed...

146

Internal Fissuring of Wheat due to Weathering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . Weathered grain loses this sheen and colour, and the kernels present a faded and roughened appearance. This condition is known to be caused by wetting of the mature grain ...

MAX MILNER; J. A. SHELLENBERGER; M. R. LEE; ROBERT KATZ

1952-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

147

LCA of Wheat Agro-Eco-System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach is presented to include a wider range of factors involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycles in agro-ecosystems than is typical of many LCAs of agriculture-based products. This uses results from the...

Miao Guo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

CULTIVAR DESCRIPTION CDC Kestrel winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A8. E-mail: Brian.Fowler@usask.ca. Received of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The Food Production and Inspection Branch of Agriculture and Agri- nomic performance of S86-15 was further evaluated in yield trials at six locations in Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan, University of

149

Distribution of Wild Wheats and Barley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the edges of the plains and deserts, and when the Bedouins cul-tivate...component of open woodlands and scrub in Cyrenaica (6). In attempting...stands once extended to the Es-Salt plateau and the Jebel Druz...downslope and into the steppes and deserts along the wadis. It seems likely...

Jack R. Harlan; Daniel Zohary

1966-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

Endophytic establishment of Azorhizobium caulinodans in wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Because plants were watered daily, 2 ml of rhizobial culture...backgrounds widely grown in the UK and Egypt respectively, were selected...fixed nitrogen to the nitrogen demand of the plant (Michiels et al...Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt; S.L.K. is a Rockefeller...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Wheat Ridge, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

766098°, -105.0772063° 766098°, -105.0772063° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.766098,"lon":-105.0772063,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes in alfalfa and wheat: toxicology and uptake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...not affect the germination of lettuce, corn, cucumber, rape, radish or ryegrass...search for CNTs in plant tissues using Fe energy-filter mapping. 1 TEM characterization...revealed tube-like features whose Fe energy-filter maps (figures 8 d,f) highlighted...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Structural and functional partitioning of bread wheat chromosome 3B  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...D. Kolker E. Kyrpides N. C. Lang D. Lapidus A. Malfatti S. A. Markowitz V. Metha T. Nelson K. E. Parkhill J. Pitluck S. Qin X. Read T. D. Schmutz J. Sozhamannan S. Sterk P. Strausberg R. L. Sutton G. Thomson N. R. Tiedje J. M...

Frédéric Choulet; Adriana Alberti; Sébastien Theil; Natasha Glover; Valérie Barbe; Josquin Daron; Lise Pingault; Pierre Sourdille; Arnaud Couloux; Etienne Paux; Philippe Leroy; Sophie Mangenot; Nicolas Guilhot; Jacques Le Gouis; Francois Balfourier; Michael Alaux; Véronique Jamilloux; Julie Poulain; Céline Durand; Arnaud Bellec; Christine Gaspin; Jan Safar; Jaroslav Dolezel; Jane Rogers; Klaas Vandepoele; Jean-Marc Aury; Klaus Mayer; Hélène Berges; Hadi Quesneville; Patrick Wincker; Catherine Feuillet

2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effects of hydrocolloids on processing and qualities of wheat tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in bakery products. Mikus et al. (1946), Krog and Jensen (1970), Krog (1977), Russell (1983), and Batres and White (1986) have all shown that the complexing of monoglycerides with amylose and amylopectin produces a crumb-softening effect and delays... al. , 1990). Two different theories may explain why enzymes achieve shelf-life extensions in bread products: 1) the cleavage of bonds in the soluble starch regions by amylases leads to more flexible starch, 2) the shortening of amylopectin chain...

Friend, Christopher Patric

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

155

Genome interplay in the grain transcriptome of hexaploid bread wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...endosperm development in cereals and Arabidopsis thaliana...R. Halford N. G. , Cereal seed storage proteins: Structures...inner circle’ of the cereal genomes . Curr. Opin...in Arabidopsis thaliana seed germination: Epigenetic...

Matthias Pfeifer; Karl G. Kugler; Simen R. Sandve; Bujie Zhan; Heidi Rudi; Torgeir R. Hvidsten; International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium; Klaus F. X. Mayer; Odd-Arne Olsen

2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

156

Understanding carbon sequestration in north central Montana dryland wheat systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Agricultural management practices that reduce tillage and/or increase crop intensity have been shown to promote soil carbon sequestration in many regions of the Great Plains.… (more)

Feddema, Ryan Patrick.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Phosphorus Compounds of Cotton Seed Meal and Wheat Bran.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Phar. & Expt. Therapeutics 1,151) claims that ? the chief poisonous principle of cottonseed meal is a salt of pyrophos- phoric acid.? It has been shown by the writer (Bulletin 146) that the product which these writers thought was inorganic... compound as phytin, but do not report complete analyses of the product. Levine (Biochem. Ztscher. 16, 390) describes a semicrystalline barium salt of an organic phosphorus acid. Yorbrodt (Anzeiger. Akad. Wiss. Krakau, 1910. Series A. 414) separated...

Rather, J. B. (James Burness)

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

THREE-DIMENSION VISUALIZATION FOR PRIMARY WHEAT DISEASES BASED ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cultivation simulation-optimization-decision making system (Gao Liangzhi et al., 1992). Displaying crop growthZhu Yeping Agricultural Information Institution, CAAS, Beijing, P. R. China 100086 Abstract: Crop simulation management. Displaying crop growth process makes user observe the crop growth and development

Boyer, Edmond

159

Identification of Solid-Stem Winter Wheat Lines with Enhanced Winter Hardiness Phil Bruckner, Winter Wheat Breeder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, then yield potential. Winter survival is evaluated at Williston in replicated single rows at the preliminary stem selections at Williston, ND followed by preliminary testing at Sidney, North Havre, and Bozeman-stem selections) and Preliminary Sawfly yield trial entries in single rows at Williston, ND to identify those

Maxwell, Bruce D.

160

Unravelling lignin formation and structure. Final report, April 1, 1988--March 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During this study, we established that the Fagaceae exclusively accumulate Z-monolignois/glucosides, and not the E-isomers. Evidence for the presence of a novel E{yields}Z isomerse has been obtained. Our pioneering work in lignin biosynthesis and structure in situ has also progressed smoothly. We established the bonding environments of a woody angiosperm, Leucanea leucocephala, as well as wheat (T. aestivum) and tobacco (N. tabacum). A cell culture system from Pinus taeda was developed which seems ideal for investigating the early stages of lignification. These cultures excrete peroxidase isozymes, considered to be specifically involved in lignin deposition. We also studied the effect of the putative lignin-degrading enzyme, lignin peroxidase, on monolignols and dehydropolymerisates therefrom. In all cases, polymerization was observed, and not degradation; these polymers are identical to that obtained with horseradish peroxidases/H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. It seems inconceivable that these enzymes can be considered as being primarily responsible for lignin biodegradation.

Lewis, N.G. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Inst. of Biological Chemistry

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Unravelling lignin formation and structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During this study, we established that the Fagaceae exclusively accumulate Z-monolignois/glucosides, and not the E-isomers. Evidence for the presence of a novel E{yields}Z isomerse has been obtained. Our pioneering work in lignin biosynthesis and structure in situ has also progressed smoothly. We established the bonding environments of a woody angiosperm, Leucanea leucocephala, as well as wheat (T. aestivum) and tobacco (N. tabacum). A cell culture system from Pinus taeda was developed which seems ideal for investigating the early stages of lignification. These cultures excrete peroxidase isozymes, considered to be specifically involved in lignin deposition. We also studied the effect of the putative lignin-degrading enzyme, lignin peroxidase, on monolignols and dehydropolymerisates therefrom. In all cases, polymerization was observed, and not degradation; these polymers are identical to that obtained with horseradish peroxidases/H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. It seems inconceivable that these enzymes can be considered as being primarily responsible for lignin biodegradation.

Lewis, N.G. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Inst. of Biological Chemistry)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Investigating the Role of Respiration in Plant Salinity Tolerance by Analyzing Mitochondrial Proteomes from Wheat and a Salinity-Tolerant Amphiploid (Wheat × Lophopyrum elongatum)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For instance, a plant’s capacity to exclude Na+ ions is strongly linked to its rate of root respiration,(8, 9) due to the energetic costs associated with actively transporting Na+ and Cl– ions against concentration gradients. ... This could suggest that root tissue was undergoing a more severe salinity scenario due to direct physical contact between root tissue and the saline nutrient solution or that root mitochondria are endowed with a greater flexibility at the protein level. ... Mitochondria from pea leaves were purified by centrifugation on a self-generated Percoll gradient which contained a linear gradient of polyvinylpyrrolidone (0-10%, wt./vol.). ...

Richard P. Jacoby; A. Harvey Millar; Nicolas L. Taylor

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

163

Wheat interactions with Italian ryegrass; forage production and quality in pure and mixed stands of wheat, oats, and ryegrass; and halosulfuron interaction with soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loam, (C) Harney silty clay loam, (D) Houston Black clay, (E) Ships clay, and (F)Victoria silty clay loam.......................................................................................... 34 3 Freundlich adsorption and desorption... of halosulfuron from (A) Acuff Estacado sandy clay, (B) Bernard clay loam, (C) Harney silty clay loam, (D) Houston Black clay, (E) Ships clay, and (F)Victoria silty clay loam...

Carpenter, Alexandra Cathryn

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effect of row spacing on yield and yield components of winter wheat cultivars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

01' CONTEN1'S CHAPTER I, INI'RODUCT ION Page I I. L I'1'ERAT URE REV IEW III. M "ZERIALS AND i&TIIODS IV. RESULTS 13 Grain Yield Culms per m 2 Seed pe- Spike Weight per 500 Seed Plant Neight Spikelets per Spike 15 15 23 Test Weight V... 01' CONTEN1'S CHAPTER I, INI'RODUCT ION Page I I. L I'1'ERAT URE REV IEW III. M "ZERIALS AND i&TIIODS IV. RESULTS 13 Grain Yield Culms per m 2 Seed pe- Spike Weight per 500 Seed Plant Neight Spikelets per Spike 15 15 23 Test Weight V...

Peters, Ross Jay

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

Dryland Winter Wheat and Grain Sorghum Cropping Systems: Northern High Plains of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sorghum and 2,031,000 acres of t~heat were planted on the Northern High Plains of Tes;ic. This area is bounded by the state line on the west, north and east 2nd by the southern boundary of Parmer, Castro, Swisher, Briscoe, Donley and Col- lingcwortli...- v~~estern Great Plains Reqearch Center, Ruchland. The Center, located about 14 miles west of Amarillo, lies in Potter ancl Randall counties. Its location is near the center of the Northern Nigh Plains of Texas. Soils at the Center...

Unger, Paul W.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Reducing Acrylamide Precursors in Raw Materials Derived from Wheat and Potato  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Its presence in cooked foods was first reported in 2002, and concentrations in excess of 1 mg/kg (1000 ppb) have been reported in a variety of potato- and cereal-based products such as crisps, chips (French fries), roasted and baked potatoes, bread, breakfast cereals, and biscuits (1). ... factors for acrylamide formation in potatoes and represent the most feasible way of reducing the formation of acrylamide in potato products. ... In potato, attention has been focused on sugars, and there has been some success in reducing sugar accumulation in stored potatoes by genetic modification, with a resultant redn. in acrylamide formation. ...

Nira Muttucumaru; J. Stephen Elmore; Tanya Curtis; Donald S. Mottram; Martin A. J. Parry; Nigel G. Halford

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

A profit-maximizing criterion of fertilizer usage for wheat producers in Paraguay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 N P K kg/ha. kg/ha. kg/ha. 0 0 0 0 0 40 0 50 0 0 50 40 0 100 0 25 25 0 25 75 0 50 0 0 50 0 40 50 50 0 50 50 40 50 100 0 75 25 0 75 75 0 100 0 0 100 50 0 100 100..., and 150 kg per hectare. Potassium was applied at rates of 0 and 40 kilograms per hectare. Precipitation information (millimeters per square meter) over the 3 years aire available for the three locations (Cordilleras, Caaguazu, and Alto Parana...

Nunez Oritz, Mario Antonio

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Spring wheat varieties were com-pared in trial plots at Crookston,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data are collected. Ja n u a r y 2 0 1 1 Jim Anderson, Jochum Wiersma, Gary Linkert, Susan Reynolds, Catherine Springer, Jim Kolmer,Yue Jin, Ruth Dill-Macky, John Wiersma and Gary Hareland #12;Table 2. Grain

Thomas, David D.

169

Frost Resistance of Wheat and CHL a in vivo Fluorescence Induction Kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years more and more studies have shown that physiological status of a living plant under different environmental conditions can be revealed by signals of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence induction ...

Shiqing Lin; Dianan Yang; Jide Zhang; Tongzhu Li…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Effects of polyols on processing and qualities of wheat tortillas / by Elly Lusia Dewi Suhendro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: amylase and amylopectin (Swinkels, 1985 Biliaderis, 1992). About 25 % of starch exists as an alpha- 1, 4-linked, mostly unbranched polymer called amylose and the other 75 %, called amylopectin, consists of alpha-1, 4- linked and alpha-1, 6-branched...: amylase and amylopectin (Swinkels, 1985 Biliaderis, 1992). About 25 % of starch exists as an alpha- 1, 4-linked, mostly unbranched polymer called amylose and the other 75 %, called amylopectin, consists of alpha-1, 4- linked and alpha-1, 6-branched...

Suhendro, Elly Lusia Dewi

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

171

alpha-amylase and Glucose Oxidase as Promising Improvers for Wheat Bread  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of alpha-amylase and glucose oxidase as bread improvers on the textural and thermal properties of bread were evaluated by the rapid viscosity analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. It was found that alpha-amylase and glucose oxidase ... Keywords: alpha-amylase, Glucose oxidase, viscosity, Bread quality

Jie Zeng; Haiyan Gao; Guanglei Li; Xinhong Liang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Characteristics of dough and tortillas prepared with composite wheat-sorghum flours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from bread supplemented with bacterial alpha-amylase exhibited V and A structures . The difference in X-ray diffraction pattern could affect the water content of tne unit cell. The B structure can hold more water mol ecu les than the A structure... from bread supplemented with bacterial alpha-amylase exhibited V and A structures . The difference in X-ray diffraction pattern could affect the water content of tne unit cell. The B structure can hold more water mol ecu les than the A structure...

Torres, Patricia Isabel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Asymmetric Epigenetic Modification and Elimination of rDNA Sequences by Polyploidization in Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Engineering, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China b University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.114...

Xiang Guo; Fangpu Han

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

Carbohydrate Changes in Glycoproteins of a Poorly Metastasizing Wheat Germ Agglutinin-resistant Melanoma Clone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...days at 50 under a toluene atmosphere. Fresh preincubated pro nase...8) at 37 under a toluene atmosphere for 48 hr. At 24 hr, 5 units...asialo-carbohydrate units derived from human plasma a,- acid glycoprotein by 360-MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy and permethylation...

Jukka Finne; Tien-Wen Tao; and Max M. Burger

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Development of a low fat wheat tortilla: optimization of lipids, emulsifiers, and fat replacers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. , 1965; Hegsted et al. , 1965). In addition, the correlation between serum cholesterol levels and heart disease has also been documented (Shekelle et al. , 1981). In response, diets lower in total lipid, saturated lipid and cholesterol have been... recommended by the USDA, the National Research Council and the Surgeon General. About 90% of women and 75% of men polled claimed concern about the relationship between diet and health (Gallup, 1990). Not surprisingly, a reduced lipid diet is difficult...

Dollak, Christina

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Wheat Flour Tortilla: Quality Prediction and Study of Physical and Textural Changes during Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was correlated best with tortilla quality, particularly tortilla diameter (r= -0.87, PGluten index was significantly correlated with tortilla diameter (r = -0.67, P less than 0.01) and specific volume (r = -0.73, P less than 0.01). Tortilla diameter...

Ribeiro De Barros, Frederico

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

177

Inheritance of resistance to stem rust (race 15B) and several other characters in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

support the hypothesis that stem rust resistance in F^ seedling, plants of the Puno x HI3 cross is controlled by one pair of dominant genes, as there was a good fit for the expected ratio of three resistant plants to one sus? ceptible. The Fg... avmed F2 plants of the Puno x hi'; hybrid for an expected 3:1 ratio. Tipped. Awns Awns Total Chi-Square P Puno 0 71 71 Ml 3 73 0 73 Family A 9 3 12 0.000 ----- Fanil-r *r-\\Z> 20 2 22 2.970 0.10-?0.05 Fanil7 '?t 10 6 16 1.333 0 .30-?0.20 F...

Shamma, Wifki Shakir El

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fattening Lambs on Corn, Milo, Hegari, Wheat, and Oats, with Cottonseed Cake and Alfalfa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. **In cooperation with U. S. Department of Agriculture. ??On leave. $In cooperation with Texas Extension Service. Four feeding trials were conducted to compare lamb-fatten- ng rations using different common grains with alfalfa hay .s the roughage.... - - Year of Trial 1 1927-28 1 1928-19 1928-29 I 1929-30 1929-in - ,,. - -- -- lg.1; 1 Milo 49.4 Leligth of feeding 'period (days) Grain fed with cottonseed cake and alfalfa --I Average initial weight of lambs, Ibs. Increased daily gain due...

Mackey, A. K. (Arthur Kapp); Jones, J. M. (John McKinley)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The environmental impact assessment of wheat and barley production by using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering the increasing global population, agriculture is responsible for food security. On the...2009). However, the concern of scientists and policy makers has been evolved in an international manner (Anonym...

F. Fallahpour; A. Aminghafouri…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Roles of carbohydrates and proteins in the staling of wheat flour tortilla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thin protein strands forming a continuous matrix. Protease-treated dough had pieces of proteins in place of the continuous matrix, while TG-treated dough had thicker protein strands that were heterogeneously distributed. Both treatments resulted...

Alviola, Juma Novie Ayap

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR Modeling Spatial Variation of Russian Wheat Aphid Overwintering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the exception of two articles (Messina et al. 1993, Armstrong and Peairs 1996). Quan- titative, spatially in increased dispersal (Baugh and Phillips 1991). One peak in D. noxia movement occurs in the spring, which

Lester, Phil

182

The structure and properties of gluten: an elastic protein from wheat grain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for manipulating and improving end use quality (see Shewry et...is not to provide flour for humankind but to germinate to produce...present towards the C-terminal end of the repetitive domains...relative to the N-terminal end of the domain. 5. STRUCTURE...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Widely separated multiple transgene integration sites in wheat chromosomes are brought together at interphase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18 September 2000; accepted 18 September 2000. *For correspondence (fax +44 1603 456844; e and embryo tissue sections. Confocal microscopy revealed that these sites lay in close physical proximity

Shaw, Peter

184

The effect of enzymes and starch damage on wheat flour tortilla quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

affect tortilla weight, moisture and pH. Bacterial 2 amylase extended shelf stability while maltogenic 1 and xylanase exhibited smaller improvements in shelf stability and other tortilla properties. Addition of 0.05 activity unit bacterial 2 amylase...

Arora, Sapna

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

185

Molecular Aspects of Storage Protein and Starch Synthesis in Wheat and Rice Seeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seed formation in cereals is accompanied by the mobilization and transport of nitrogen from leaves and other source tissues to the developing cereal grain. Nitrogen enters the seed primarily as amino acids, of...

Thomas Okita; Arun Aryan; Christopher Reeves; Woo Taek Kim…

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Effects of the timing and amounts of leavening during processing of wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dough handling, the finished breadcrumb may be smooth and fine grained. Drsproporiionation. Disproportionation, also called Ostwald ripening, is the process by which larger bubbles grow while smaller bubbles gradually disappear. This process... cells in bread dough show extensive Ostwald ripening. The number of visible cells in the final product is less than I '/0 of those originally present. Many tiny cells remain to scatter light sufficiently to give the bread its white appearance...

Adams, Janet Lynn

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Separating patent wheat from chaff: Would the US benefit from adopting patent post-grant review?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article assesses the impact in the US of adopting a patent post-grant review (PGR) procedure similar to one provided in the America Invents Act (AIA) of 2011. We employ novel methods for matching US patents to their European counterparts to find that opposition rates are about three times higher among European Patent Office (EPO) equivalents of US litigated patents as against control-group (unlitigated) patents. Contingent on reaching a final judgment in EPO post-grant opposition, we find that about 70% of these equivalents have challenged claims that are either completely revoked or amended. Using our empirical findings to inform a series of welfare estimates, we calculate benefit-to-cost ratios that the US may expect from implementing PGR in the range of 4:1–10:1. We also discover that these large social benefits result primarily from eliminating unwarranted market power in the current stock of granted patents, and much less so from litigation cost savings per se. Our results provide evidence that the US may benefit substantially from adopting the AIA post-grant review, but only provided that costs are controlled and that administration and appeals are not allowed to become too costly.

Stuart J.H. Graham; Dietmar Harhoff

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effect of nanoclay and magnesium hydroxide on some properties of HDPE/wheat straw composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since natural fiber/polymer composites are increasingly used, the development of safe and environmental friendly flame retarding bio-based composites is of great importance. But this issue must maintain the me...

Yaghob Liany; Asghar Tabei; Mohammad Farsi; Mostafa Madanipour

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The influence of date and rate of seeding wheat on yield of grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

yields from (). pe cks at Hays, Kansas, Lind, Wasnington and Aberdeen, Idaho. The 5-peck rate of seeding gave the highest yield at High mors and Bz ooking, South Dakota, Archer, Wyoming, and Amarillo, Texas. Highest yield from the 6-peck seeding wer e... obtained at Akron, Colorado, Lawton, Okla- homa, and Nepnai, Utan; from the 7-peck seeding at Newell, South Dakota, and Illloro, Oregon; and from the B-peck seeding at Sheridan, IVyoming. At no station was the r ate of 2 pecks per acr e suff icient f...

Shamma, Wifki Shakir El-

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

The influence of awns on yield and certain morphological characters of wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'make mor'e compact bundles and shqcka . , ?The increased use of %ha comhine- harveste~hreiher 'in thi 'XInited' ~states and 'Canada during : tp~ef. g years ~, r+ucQ. Axx many, ar~ Alp farmsr&- p$efereqhe, her awnless'var&pica, 1axny farmer's" in 6ther... differences between stxainsc These 'differences were expected since the strains wexe selected fren W segre gating population+ This denotes that, . the fsntors gNrccfning '1 17 Table 2, ~can=yield oX aeneas and awnless. segregates of ' ten iso'genic pairs...

Norris, Milton J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

An assessment of wheat yield sensitivity and breeding gains in hot environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...supplementary material, figure S4), such as in Sudan, Myanmar and Paraguay, where projected...2009, with no evidence of increasing thermal requirements in this final growth stage...year1, respectively. Thus, increased thermal time to flowering and higher grain-filling...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Asymmetric Epigenetic Modification and Elimination of rDNA Sequences by Polyploidization in Wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Instructions for Authors ( www.plantcell.org ) is: Fangpu Han ( fphan@genetics.ac.cn ). [W] Online version contains Web-only data. This work provides evidence that chromosome doubling induces A genome rRNA gene silencing in the synthetic tetraploid...

Xiang Guo; Fangpu Han

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - affymetrix genechip wheat Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tiling Summary: Press 2005 1 12;T. E. Royce et al. 1.2 Previous work Affymetrix GeneChip brand microarrays... as opposed to labeled cRNA used in GeneChip ex- periments. The...

194

Effects of amounts and types of sodium bicarbonate in wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-encapsulated NBC, grade 1, grade 2, grade 3 and Tortilla Blend TM, were tested at different levels and combinations. Longer shelf stable tortillas with lower opacity were obtained when the level of NBC decreased. Tortillas with higher opacity, diameter and volume...

Garza Casso, Jessica Beatriz

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

195

Development of wheat marketing strategies for the Texas Northern High Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the beginning date of the time period. RCI is the closing Richmond cash price on the beginning date of the t. ime period. OIR is residual open interest. DW is the Durbin Watson statistic. Sy z is the standard error of the estimate. Numbers in parentheses... Watson statistic. Sy z is the standard error of the estimate. Numbers in parentheses are t-ratios. Source: Kenyon, David E. and Steven E. Kingsley, "An Analysis of Anticipatory Short Hedging Using Predicted Harvest Basis, " Southern Journal...

Johnson, Karl E

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT OF WHEAT STRAW ON PILOT PLANT SCALE Anders Thygesena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for production of sugars for bio ethanol and an alkali free solid material for combustion in an incineration for 15 min, 18% of the hemicellulose and 5% of the cellulose were extracted. When 200 g straw glucose/100 g straw (~83% of the original cellulose) and 16 g xylose/100 g straw (~58% of the original

197

Genetic control of adenylate kinase and fructokinase in hexaploid wheat and other Triticeae species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Chinese Spring and chromosome IR, 2R, 3R, 4R, 5R, and 6R addition lines. (II) Chinese Spring-S. cereale cv. King II amphiploid. (III) S. cereale cv. King II---- 41 1 2 Diagrams of the FRK-I, FRK-2, FRK-3 and FRK-4 Figure Page zymogram phenotypes...) Chinese Spring and chromosome IR, 2R, 3R, 4R, 5R, and 6R addition lines. (II) Chinese Spring-S. cereale cv. King II amphiploid. (III) S. cereale cv. King II---- 41 1 2 Diagrams of the FRK-I, FRK-2, FRK-3 and FRK-4 Figure Page zymogram phenotypes...

Yang, Yaw-Ching

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 83 (2001) 95110 Epigeic Collembola in winter wheat under organic, integrated and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2380-594269. 1Present address: Zeneca Agrochemicals, Jealott's Hill Research Station, Bracknell, Berkshire RG12 6

199

The effects of dough conditioners on mixing properties, processing characteristics, and texture of wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

my family Gayle, Martha and Lisa Ross and my best friends: Tom Dolson, Cruz Lopez and Rickie Lattie are acknowledged. VI1 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES CHAPTER Page...) and distilled monoglycerides (HG) have been used since the 1930's to improve texture in bread. During mixing the emulsifiers are strongly bound to the proteins and act as extra cross binding sites between proteins and lipids in the dough. DeStefanis et al...

Ross, Robert Gaylon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

200

Fecal Bile Acid Concentrations in a Subpopulation of the Wheat Bran Fiber Colon Polyp Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...12-ketolithocholic acids. 1 Holt P. R. Studies of calcium in food supplements...P., Rao A. V., Rosenberg-Zand R., Tariq N., Corey P., Jones P...Furumoto E. J., Illingworth D. R., Pappu A. S., Connelly P. W. Effect of...

David S. Alberts; Janine G. Einspahr; David L. Earnest; Mary F. Krutzsch; Po Lin; Lisa M. Hess; David K. Heddens; Denise J. Roe; Maria Elena Martínez; Gerald Salen; and A. K. Batta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Training agricultural scientists at the International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientists 18 4. Training at International Agricultural Research Centers 23 5. Training Strategy 26 Objectives Practical Skills in Research 27 28 Attitude Change 29 Team Work 30 Critical Mass 32 Person Development Strategy 6. In-Service Training.... 3 billion today; the labour force will increase to over 2. 5 billion or 40 percent more than today. The agri- cultural sector must be able to produce the food needed for the expanding population, 90 percent of which is in developing countries...

Cote?, Michael E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Management for Winter Wheat Production in the Blackland Prairie.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as chisels, field cultivators, disks, sweeps, or blades. Weed control is with herbicide andfor cultivation. Ridge-till and strip-till systems are predominately used for row-crops. They involve normal tillage of a narrow band in the seed row prior... to the soil, mi croorganisms use the carbon (C) for energy and nitrogen (N) for building body tissues. Soil organ isms assimilate about 30% of the C in crop resi dues, with the balance given off and lost from the soil as carbon dioxide (CO). Most crop...

Knowles, Tim C.; Hipp, Billy W.; Marshall, David S.; Sutton, Russelll L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Kansas Grows the Best Wheat and the Best Race Women: Black Women's Club Movement in Kansas 1900-30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rise of club women in the late-nineteenth and early twentieth-centuries challenged established definitions of true womanhood, redefined leadership roles in Black communities, and questioned the complexities of economic ...

Williams, Doretha

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

The effect of infrared radiation seed treatments on Ustilago tritici (Pers.) Rostr., the causal organism of loose smut of wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. f eeptiblo, vari?tie? ger?i?at?4, the fnagh?. +cane notice a?4 the'ay?olin? wa?, ?arri?4" up?arg by elongation of thi opieotyl. 2lygAle (glj foan4 that the ?yell;ina saint?in?4 it?elf $vit ' bogey the groo4oXg' point. ', glongation 'carried... . f eeptiblo, vari?tie? ger?i?at?4, the fnagh?. +cane notice a?4 the'ay?olin? wa?, ?arri?4" up?arg by elongation of thi opieotyl. 2lygAle (glj foan4 that the ?yell;ina saint?in?4 it?elf $vit ' bogey the groo4oXg' point. ', glongation 'carried...

Miller, John Wesley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

Dothideomyceteâ??Plant Interactions Illuminated by Genome Sequencing and EST Analysis of the Wheat Pathogen Stagonospora nodorum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...13: 383-386. Cooley, R.N., and Caten, C.E...351-357. Cummings, D., McNally, K., Domenico, J...La Rota, M., Cramer, R.A., Jr., and Lawrence, C.B...8: 23-29. Kodsueb, R., Dhanasekaran, V...

James K. Hane; Rohan G.T. Lowe; Peter S. Solomon; Kar-Chun Tan; Conrad L. Schoch; Joseph W. Spatafora; Pedro W. Crous; Chinappa Kodira; Bruce W. Birren; James E. Galagan; Stefano F.F. Torriani; Bruce A. McDonald; Richard P. Oliver

206

The effects of leaf rust on yield and yield components of wheat treated with varying dosages of a systemic fungicide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Trace 30 March 10 20 April Fig, 1. Pereeat of leaf rust durir. ~' the growin;. easoa oa i'our u. tr a. . 1: ut, vars at M Gre; Gr a 1970. Ts. , le 3. In':" rus s verity sr' Ires~leIce for fit rate of uis" o. . Tfdf NulG3 a' h!20resor. Y...'lodrasa per hectare cf Lndar )). + 0 05 Pre va- 0 10 Pre'vs? I 2 Tel' 22 0 20 1. 00 Pn va- QQ e/2". 5CS , 00 4/25 50S 50S 100 :r TI" rs 4/11 1 " ' CS ir TrS S TrS 80 1CQ 10-" TI S ' QQ 5GS 40S 40S 100 50S . "GS 100 70S 100 T S '1'rS TrS 40 5...

Linsley, Dwight Les

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

The relationship between grain weight and alpha-amylase in winter wheat: varietal comparison from UK field experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years there has been considerable interest in grain size as an important yield component in cereals. In general, larger grain size is seen as a desirable trait, which potentially improves both yield ...

A. D. Farrell; P. S. Kettlewell

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Rhizodeposition-induced decomposition increases N availability to wild and cultivated wheat genotypes under elevated CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

genotypes under elevated CO2 Marie-Anne de Graaff a,b,*, Chris Van Kessel a , Johan Six a a Department Available online 11 March 2009 Keywords: Elevated CO2 Rhizodeposition N mineralization 13 C 15 N Genotypes a b s t r a c t Elevated CO2 may increase nutrient availability in the rhizosphere bystimulating N

van Kessel, Chris

209

Intrinsic karyotype stability and gene copy number variations may have laid the foundation for tetraploid wheat formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...may have played a role in karyotype stabilization, which merits further investigation. As proposed, rapid genomic changes are probably essential for nascent polyploids...nomic DNA of TMB02, TMU06, TMU38, and TQ27 were labeled by nick translation with Chroma Tide Alexa Fluor 488 ZZQQhy 5-dUTP...

Huakun Zhang; Yao Bian; Xiaowan Gou; Yuzhu Dong; Sachin Rustgi; Bangjiao Zhang; Chunming Xu; Ning Li; Bao Qi; Fangpu Han; Diter von Wettstein; Bao Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Influence of the greenhouse effect on yields of wheat, soybean and corn in the United States for different energy scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide has positive effects on agricultural productivity (photosynthesis stimulation), but in some regions it has negative effects (drought due to the temperature rise) as w...

K. Okamoto; T. Ogiwara; T. Yoshizumi; Y. Watanabe

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Can be straight combined, swathed or pushed. Same equipment used for wheat can be used to harvest canola.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

canola. ·Combines require some modification to handle smaller canola seed. ·Harvest canola when average effective for fields with uneven maturity. ·Once canola is swathed, it can be left in windrows on the stubble for 7 to 10 days, or until seed moisture is 8 percent to 10 percent. ·The swathed canola can

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

212

Megabase Level Sequencing Reveals Contrasted Organization and Evolution Patterns of the Wheat Gene and Transposable Element Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genes carried by chromosome 3B. High-quality sequence annotation was performed with...polylinker was performed to validate filters quality and to normalize hybridization data...Frederic Choulet Current Position: Research Engineer, INRA of Clermont-Ferrand, France...

Frédéric Choulet; Thomas Wicker; Camille Rustenholz; Etienne Paux; Jérome Salse; Philippe Leroy; Stéphane Schlub; Marie-Christine Le Paslier; Ghislaine Magdelenat; Catherine Gonthier; Arnaud Couloux; Hikmet Budak; James Breen; Michael Pumphrey; Sixin Liu; Xiuying Kong; Jizeng Jia; Marta Gut; Dominique Brunel; James A. Anderson; Bikram S. Gill; Rudi Appels; Beat Keller; Catherine Feuillet

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

213

Influence of Agro-Ecosystem Modeling Approach on the Greenhouse Gas Profiles of Wheat-Derived Biopolymer Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach is presented to include a wider range of factors involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycles in agro-ecosystems than is typical of many Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) of agriculture-based products. ... Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used to evaluate the cradle-to-grave environmental impacts of agriculture-based products since the late 1990s. ... When the difference in GWP100 scores between agriculture-based and petrochemical-based products were small, the N2O modeling approach and specific field modeled can make a difference (e.g., display board case study) and the use of DNDC model can increase confidence in the LCA findings. ...

Miao Guo; ChangSheng Li; J. Nigel B. Bell; Richard J. Murphy

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Ammonia and urea treatment of wheat straw and corn stover JP Fontenot E Gallo Llorente, JM Obamahinti, VG Allen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by ammoniation directly or by urea treatment, but the improvement appears to be greater for ammonia than urea

Boyer, Edmond

215

The role of acetyl xylan esterase in the solubilization of xylan and enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw and giant reed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In lignocellulosic matrices, xylan is closely associated with the cellulose fibrils, ... and does to some extent cover the fiber surfaces, thereby limiting the access of cellulases to the cellulose surface [5...]...

Junhua Zhang; Matti Siika-aho; Maija Tenkanen; Liisa Viikari

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Dothideomyceteâ??Plant Interactions Illuminated by Genome Sequencing and EST Analysis of the Wheat Pathogen Stagonospora nodorum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and perception of suitable surfaces (DeZwaan et al., 1999...are thought to be involved in surface signal perception, and three...Proteolysis 26 GO:0045493 Xylan catabolism 19 GO:0044237...specifically cellulose and arabino-xylan (Table 3; see Supplemental...

James K. Hane; Rohan G.T. Lowe; Peter S. Solomon; Kar-Chun Tan; Conrad L. Schoch; Joseph W. Spatafora; Pedro W. Crous; Chinappa Kodira; Bruce W. Birren; James E. Galagan; Stefano F.F. Torriani; Bruce A. McDonald; Richard P. Oliver

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

217

Degradation of untreated and anhydrous ammonia-treated wheat straw by two strains of rumen anaerobic fungi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cellulose and xylans of hemicel- luloses, but little is known about the specif- ic role of each species, the phloem and the parenchyma were slightly degraded and rhizoids were visible on the surface of the plant frag- ments. After 24 h the mass of rhizoids on the surface of the plant fragments was so large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Response of Spring Wheat Yield and Protein to Row Spacing, Plant Density, and Nitrogen Application in Central Montana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and tiller survival (Maidl et al., 1998; Westcott et al., 1997). The objective of this study spacing, split-application of N, or plant density (Table 1). These results did not agree with Westcott et

Lawrence, Rick L.

219

A Comparative Evaluation of Textured Wheat Ingredients and Soy Proteins in the Quality and Acceptability of Chicken Nuggets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%, 30%, and 40% in both emulsified and non-emulsified chicken nuggets. A total of 6,048 chicken nuggets were evaluated in replications for batter breader pickup (%), par fry yield (%), cook loss (%), L*, a*, b* color value, texture profile analysis...

Yeater, Michael C

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

220

Prebiotic Content of Bread Prepared with Flour from Immature Wheat Grain and Selected Dextran-Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...during cake baking. Cereal Chem. 81 :177-181...bacteria and yeast: metabolism of carbohydrates. Appl...and HW Modler. 1989. Metabolism of fructooligosaccharides...functional properties. Cereal Chem. 54 :25-41...colonic fermentation metabolism in healthy humans...

Olimpia Pepe; Valeria Ventorino; Silvana Cavella; Massimo Fagnano; Rachele Brugno

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Gluten Biopolymer and Nanoclay-Derived Structures in Wheat Gluten–Urea–Clay Composites: Relation to Barrier and Mechanical Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this work was to study the structure of the WG–urea–nanoclay composites using two types of nanoclays, natural MMT and modified C15A. ... Present review article explain about different categories of nanoclay and natural fiber based composite with particular regard to its applications as packaging materials and also gives an overview of the most recent advances and emerging new aspects of nanotechnol. ...

Ramune Kuktaite; Hasan Türe; Mikael S. Hedenqvist; Mikael Gällstedt; Tomás S. Plivelic

2014-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

222

Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

then tested the markers near by (GWM147, WMC147, WMC432, CFD61 and CFD92) according to the map from Somers et al., 2004. The Mapmakers® analysis placed the gene from WX93D180-R-8-1 on chromosome 1DS. However, the resistance gene mapped to the same location... and the resistance gene (Figure 8). The markers near by (GWM147, WMC147, WMC432, CFD61 and CFD92) were then tested according to the map from Somers et al. (2004) (Figure 9). Mapmakers® analysis determined that the gene from WX93D180-R-1 is on chromosome 1DS...

Hung, Hsiao-Yi

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

223

Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

then tested the markers near by (GWM147, WMC147, WMC432, CFD61 and CFD92) according to the map from Somers et al., 2004. The Mapmakers? analysis placed the gene from WX93D180-R-8-1 on chromosome 1DS. However, the resistance gene mapped to the same location... and the resistance gene (Figure 8). The markers near by (GWM147, WMC147, WMC432, CFD61 and CFD92) were then tested according to the map from Somers et al. (2004) (Figure 9). Mapmakers? analysis determined that the gene from WX93D180-R-1 is on chromosome 1DS...

Hung, Hsiao-Yi

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Assessment of partial resistance to powdery mildew in Chinese wheat varieties , X. J. YAN GA N G  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The Netherlands; 3 John Innes Centre, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK. E-mail: james.brown@bbsrc.ac.uk; 4 Current (Vanderplank 1968), multilines (Browning and Frey 1969, Kùlster et al. 1989) and cultivar mixtures (Wolfe

Brown, James

225

Dothideomyceteâ??Plant Interactions Illuminated by Genome Sequencing and EST Analysis of the Wheat Pathogen Stagonospora nodorum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...de novo using RepeatScout v1.0.0 (Price et al., 2005) with a minimum threshold...mice. Infect. Immun. 70: 3330-3335. Price, A.L., Jones, N.C., and Pevzner...M.D., Clergeot, P.H., and De Wit, P. (2006). Nitrogen controls in planta...

James K. Hane; Rohan G.T. Lowe; Peter S. Solomon; Kar-Chun Tan; Conrad L. Schoch; Joseph W. Spatafora; Pedro W. Crous; Chinappa Kodira; Bruce W. Birren; James E. Galagan; Stefano F.F. Torriani; Bruce A. McDonald; Richard P. Oliver

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

226

Releases of Exotic Parasitoids and Predators of the Russian Wheat Aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov), in the Texas Panhandle, 1987 - 1993.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parasitoids and hyperparasitoids, founder colonies were shipped to one of three laboratories to be cultured and increased. These laboratories were USDA/APHIS laboratories in Mission, Texas (parasitoids only) or Niles, Michigan (primarily predators... not provided by the shipper. This type of missing information i-: indicated by an aster isk in Table 1. The shipping laboratories are identified as Mis sion (USDA/APHIS at Mission, Texas), Niles (USDA/ APHIS at Niles, Michigan), Riverside (Uni versity...

Michels, G.J.; Whitaker-Deerberg, R.L.; Gilstrap, F.E.; McKinnon, L.K.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Genetic Analysis of Bread Making Quality Stability in Wheat using a Halberd X Len Recombinant Inbred Line Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

positive correlation with mixing tolerance and peak time within and also across locations. However, the SDSS was negatively correlated with the hardness index. The protein percent was not significant with any of the quality traits within and across...

Poudel, Ashima

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

228

Determination of the linkage relationships and the gene-centromere genetic distances for endopeptidase structural genes in hexaploid wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

357307 contribute to band 4 Calculation of gene-centromere genet 'c distance for 7BI. using region I (RI) recombinant progeny Genetic distance bet~~een EP-Bly and Ep-Blz and the frequency of region II (RII) cro. over progeny LIST OF FIGURES... ram Phenot e Total ChrolQo some Co~st. it ut ion 42 43 41 41+telo 42+telo 40+telo and/or not ~f ~1* 8 IU VI IX Chromosome ?BL 42. 17 Centromere ~Ey-El Kp-Blz Chromosome 7AL K -Alz 6. 67 3 90 RII ~E-Alx l0. 67 Figure 8. Linkage...

McMillin, David Edwin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Evaluation of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Ground Penetrating Radar for Field-Based High-Throughput Phenotyping in Wheat Breeding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser scanning (TLS) and ground penetrating radar (GPR) have the potential to fill this gap by non-invasively estimating biomass and mapping three-dimensional above- and below-ground vegetation. The research objective was to evaluate the use of TLS...

Thompson, Sean M

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid species aphis Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis sorghum, barley, oat, wheat, corn ......

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid rhopalosiphum padi Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis sorghum, barley, oat, wheat, ......

232

Cheatgrass Biology, Ecology, and Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (After Blackshaw 1994) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 Year Wheat-canola, no-till Wheat-canola, till Continuous wheat, no-till Continuous wheat, till #12;Crop Safety? #12;Pea

Maxwell, Bruce D.

233

Alcoholic beverages Nuts and seeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pork oat tabasco pepper feta cheese tequila malt wheat bread soybean citrus peel wasabi chickpea lard

Ahn, Yong-Yeol

234

Control of late maturity alpha-amylase in wheat by the dwarfing gene Rht-D1b and genes on the 1B/1R translocation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The occurrence of late maturity alpha-amylase (LMA) was investigated using two doubled...Rht-D1b and the 1B/1R translocation. Genotypes were assessed in the field and in controlled environments where a cold-shock...

A. D. Farrell; P. S. Kettlewell; J. Simmonds; J. E. Flintham…

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The impact of single nucleotide polymorphism in monomeric alpha-amylase inhibitor genes from wild emmer wheat, primarily from Israel and Golan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various enzyme inhibitors act on key insect gut digestive hydrolases, including alpha-amylases and proteinases. Alpha-amylase inhibitors have been widely investigated for their ... We attempted to unravel the div...

Ji-Rui Wang; Yu-Ming Wei; Mei Deng; Eviatar Nevo; Ze-Hong Yan…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

The effects of varied rates and ratios of fertilizer on forage yields and tillering of Austin wheat on Lufkin fine sandy loam and Miller clay soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

163 V9 136 5S 143 1Q ~ LQ Mf f erenee required for signifioanoe betveen sean treatments on c Iuaber of plots ( 27 ) 05 legal 31 31 ~ 01 level 41 + 57 e Treatseatt pounds pez' acre of Ht P205s azd X20c Rg e Oi 81 = 30' H2 60j I3 90$ Pp a Op Pl e... 4 92 3 13 tj 92 3. 13 4 92 2, 23 3 OV 2. 23 3. 07 2. 50 3. 60 1, 89 2~ e R - 30 pounds of nitrogen per sore R s 60 pounds, E3 90 pounds. Table 3. ? Lverage XiaM of ~ Porage in Pounds Per kore from Lufldn Soil Reoeiving Different Combinations...

Coffey, Lee Clayton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Assessing freshwater ecotoxicity of agricultural products in life cycle assessment (LCA): a case study of wheat using French agricultural practices databases and USEtox model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most of LCA of crop production focus on nitrate emissions...2000, 2002) or greenhouse gases emissions (Biswas et al. 2007; Brentrup et al. 2002...). Pesticides and their effects on the ecosystems are still too of...

Amandine Berthoud; Pauline Maupu…

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The effect of wheat bran and pectin supplementation on luminal pH and short chain fatty acid production in the rat large intestine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the cellulose and fiber-free diets (14). In another human study, Fleming and Rodrigues demonstrated that in the fecal excretion of 5 healthy men, the concentration of scfas was significantly highest in the pectin treatment and lowest in the cellulose, xylan... hour fecal collections with respect to the diets. 3. The surface area of the rat cecums and the length of the large intesined as compared to the diets. 4. The pH readings at different specified sections of the colon with respect to the diet...

Parish, Pamela Denise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

The effect of maleic hydrazide and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the carbohydrate content and leaf and stem rust response of wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

respiration (13, 38) . Possibly the change in carbohydrate metabolism is the effect and not the cause, although it may be an indication of what is happening. 37 The MH and 2, 4-D treatments did not seem to have any consistant effects on the starch... respiration (13, 38) . Possibly the change in carbohydrate metabolism is the effect and not the cause, although it may be an indication of what is happening. 37 The MH and 2, 4-D treatments did not seem to have any consistant effects on the starch...

Lyles, William Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Identification and Specific Detection of a Novel Pseudomonadaceae Cluster Associated with Soils from Winter Wheat Plots of a Long-Term Agricultural Field Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the addition of lime, and pesticide application...control treatments with mineral fertilization (CONMIN...30 min with SYBR green I nucleic acid gel...organic versus mineral or no fertilization...were influenced by lime and nitrogen additions...2004. Impact of lime, nitrogen and plant...

Manuel Pesaro; Franco Widmer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Control of flowering time and spike development in cereals: the earliness per se Eps-1 region in wheat, rice, and Brachypodium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spring growth habit) carrying the Eps-A m 1 allele for latewinter growth habit) carrying the Eps-A m 1 allele for earlyPCR) markers flanking the Eps-A m 1 region (Table 1), and

Faricelli, Maria E.; Valárik, Miroslav; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Increased Phosphorus Uptake by Wheat and Field Beans Inoculated with a Phosphorus-Solubilizing Penicillium bilaji Strain and with Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Alberta, T1J 4B1, Canada Greenhouse and field experiments were...on strawberry roots in the greenhouse. Dried colonized roots and...were randomly arranged on greenhouse tables. The arrangement of...experiment. Supplemental lighting was used to maintain a 16-h-8-h...

R. M. N. Kucey

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Orthologs of the Class A4 Heat Shock Transcription Factor HsfA4a Confer Cadmium Tolerance in Wheat and Rice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous heavy metals present in the...a significant risk to human health (Jarup et al., 1998...and Vahter, M. (1998). Health effects of cadmium exposure-A...Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 24 (Suppl. 1): 1-51...

Donghwan Shim; Jae-Ung Hwang; Joohyun Lee; Sichul Lee; Yunjung Choi; Gynheung An; Enrico Martinoia; Youngsook Lee

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

244

Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biochemical Changes in Free Amino Acids During Wheat Flour Mixing and Bread Baking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......AAs (Table I), a prominent increase is noticed for Orn ( + 2500...significantly. The remaining AAs increase between 50% (Gly) and 228...5. M. Kolostori. Flour quality and proteolysis. Acta Aliment...column. Derivatization of grape wine must, wines and wine vinegars......

J.A. Prieto; C. Collar; C. Benedito de Barber

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Soil microbial response to controlled-release urea under zero tillage and conventional tillage in western Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 for wheat, barley and canola, and broadcast at 150 kg Nor flowering stage of canola growth. Soil MBC was measuredcases. In wheat, barley and canola, fertilizer was applied

Lupwayi, Newton; Soon, Yoong; Clayton, George; Bittman, Shabtai; Malhi, Sukhdev; Grant, Cynthia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

nonenergy subindex, the main price increases occurred in corn, wheat, and gold. With Russia and Ukraine both major exporters of corn and wheat, and gold serving as an alternative...

247

Laboratory, in sacco and in vivo assessment of various treatment conditions affecting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in vivo digestibilities of untreated and ammonia (NH3) treated wheat straw. Wheat straw and gas ammoniated digestibility trial with 5 sheep per treatment. Lowest NDF values for ammoniated straw were recorded with the 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Original article Effects of fish-meal supplementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ammoniated wheat straw CM Guedes, A Dias-da-Silva Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Department-meal (FM) sup- plementation on digestion of urea-treated wheat straw. Ammoniated straw was offered alone

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

Agronomy Notes Volume 32:11 November 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contain ethylene which is a ripening agent that causes leaf drop and bolls to crack open and fluff out so seen as much as 15 bu/a yield increases on wheat due to deep tillage. Wheat prices are predicted

Watson, Craig A.

250

MEPS Student Travel Awards, Fall 2007 II. Abstracts of Presentations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a major problem to wheat production and end-use quality in the Southern Great Plains and to wheat abortion following a three-day heat treatment have been mapped, with some QTL being present in both

251

The Potential of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

e.g. corn stover, wheat straw), herbaceous energy crops (for Corn Stover. Golden, Colorado: National Renewable Energy

Shi, Jian; Ebrik, Mirvat; Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corn Corn Wheat Cassava Source: Green Energy InformationTotal Energy Input EROEI Per MJ Fuel Output Corn-derived

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

163Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 45 (2005) 163173 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw treated with or without HCl on blood to study the effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw (AWS) and hydrochloric acid treated ammoniated wheat straw (HCl-AWS) on blood biochemical changes. The animals were offered a concentrate mixture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Characterization of Grain-Specific Peptide Markers for the Detection of Gluten by Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Katherine L. Fiedler , Sara C. McGrath , John H. Callahan , and Mark M. Ross * ... Gluten from wheat (Sigma), three single-grain flours, and seven commercial flours were obtained for this study: Duster wheat (hard red winter), King Arthur wheat (hard red), NIST standard reference material 1567a wheat (blend of hard red spring and hard red winter), Bob’s Red Mill (BRM) wheat (hard red spring), Post90 barley, BRM barley, Wheeler rye, BRM dark rye, BRM oat, and BRM GF oat. ...

Katherine L. Fiedler; Sara C. McGrath; John H. Callahan; Mark M. Ross

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

255

Plant physiology Stomatal movements and gas exchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

medium, Triticum df had a better water-use efficiency than T300 and rye. On the contrary, in the nutrient solution, T300 had a better water-use efficiency than its parental species. Under water stress, water loss exchange were lower than in control plants. stomata / water-use efficiency / osmotic stress / triticale

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

ARCHOBOTANISCHE ERGEBNISSE AUS DER BRONZEZEIT VON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Material gibt uns die Möglichkeit, einen Blick auf diese Prozesse zu werfen. Die flir die Bronzezeit insgesamt flir die Bronzezeit vom Nahen Osten bis Mitteleuropa eine der wichtigsten Kulturpflanzen gewesen flir die Bronzezeit Europas sind Dinkel (Triticum spelra). Hirse (Panicum milliaceum) und z

Marinova, Elena

257

The architecture of interphase chromosomes and nucleolar transcription sites in plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that each cluster corresponds to a single transcribed gene. Serial sectioning of several entire nucleoli has; Plant; Rabl configuration; rDNA, rRNA; Serial sectioning; Transcription sites; Transgene; Triticum of Structural Biology * Corresponding author. Fax: +44-1603-450022. E-mail address: peter.shaw@bbsrc.ac.uk (P

Shaw, Peter

258

Field Experiments at McKinney Sub-Station and Wichita Falls Sub-Station with Wheat, Corn, Cotton, Grasses and Manures. Field Experiments at College Station with Corn, Cotton, Grasses, Peas and Manures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bryan, we must conc lude that stable manure, n id ph sphate and cotton seed hull ashes were used profitably. V. f the different methods used in the preparation of land for corn at McKinney, sub oiling to a depth of nine incl1es increased the yield....9; Bissell, 23.4; No. 75 , 22.3; A labama, 20 . 6; Nebraska, 21.7 ; Scott, 24.4; Purple Straw, 20.8 ; Leba non, 23.5; ou thern Amber, 22 ; McPherson, 21.3; Bear ded Kin g, 22; Hybr id No. 9, 20.5; Red May, 20 .5; Winter Green , 22; Russian , 23...

Connell, J. H.; Clayton, James

1895-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The effect of additions of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash on the yield and composition of seabreeze wheat and sweet sudan grass grown on Austin clay soil in the greenhouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

his grateful appreciation to the following nsn for the guidance and assistance g5ven during this study' Dr. J, F, Fudge~ Professor~ and Drs C ~ E. Ferguson and L. C. Kapp, kssociate Professors of the Department of kgronosgr; and Professor C. B... and Anderson (20) stated that in the absenoe of potassium plant oells vill elongate but not divide, Nightingale (23) reported that potassium was necessary for nitrate reduction~ and that the rate of nitrate absorption vas ~ lowered with reduced potassium...

Fisher, Flake Leroy

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - anulus fibrosus predicted Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University Collection: Biology and Medicine 59 Pesq. agropec. bras., Braslia, v.35, n.11, p.2255-2260, nov. 2000 EXTREME HOMOGENEITY AMONG BRAZILIAN WHEAT GENOTYPES 2255 Summary:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

UREA’S UNLIKELY ROLE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THE FASTEST-GROWING U.S. market for urea isn’t corn, wheat, or soybeans. ... It’s diesel trucks. ...

MICHAEL MCCOY

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

262

History of Hydropower | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

History of Hydropower History of Hydropower Humans have been harnessing water to perform work for thousands of years. The Greeks used water wheels for grinding wheat into flour...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - agropyron smithii rydb Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(1989). 9 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. PLSO 7933 Summary: , western wheat grass (Agropyron smithii Rydb.), were also examined. Materials and methods A...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphis gossypii glover Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of fertilization on population growth and within-plant distribution of melon or cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover... - irrigated wheat than irrigated ones. Bethke et al....

265

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY - NETL CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DESIGNATIO...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wheat Ridge, Jefferson County, CO A Novel Biogas Desulfurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell - Based Combined Heat and Power Systems Develop an expendable,...

266

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

13303 ION Engineering FE Hellman & Associates, Inc. SCCCapture Division 10012013 - 06302017 Steve Mascaro Wheat Ridge, Jefferson Co., CO Ion Advanced Solvent CO2 Capture Pilot...

267

The potential of pyrolysis technology in climate change mitigation – influence of process design and –parameters, simulated in SuperPro Designer Software.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This report investigates whether or not it would be possible to produce carbon-negative energy from pyrolysis of wheat straw in a series of Danish agricultural… (more)

Ahrenfeldt, Jesper

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - agents pseudomonas fluorescens Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

recombinant, TCE-degrading Pseudomonas fluorescens strain that expresses the tom... . G., J. R. Harris, and R. Moen. 1989. Inhibition of fungi from wheat roots by ... Source: Wood,...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - agent pseudomonas fluorescens Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

recombinant, TCE-degrading Pseudomonas fluorescens strain that expresses the tom... . G., J. R. Harris, and R. Moen. 1989. Inhibition of fungi from wheat roots by ... Source: Wood,...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid aphis glycines Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis ... Source: Jurenka, Russell A. -...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid aphis craccivora Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis ... Source: Jurenka, Russell A. -...

272

Bioavailability of Cadmium and Zin to Two Earthworm Species in High-metal Soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bioavailability of rare earth elements in soils by chemicalavailability of rare earth elements in soil. Communicationsof bioavailability of light rare earth elements to wheat (

Liu, Ying

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Biofuels: Review of Policies and Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wheat) along with energy prices for ethanol, gasoline, andby cassava. Ethanol from corn provides much lower energy andbiofuel (ethanol from sugarcane) in converting solar energy

Janda, Karel; Kristoufek, Ladislav; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Impact of Rising Food Prices on Household Welfare in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects of cereal and oil price changes - Farmers (Rd 59)From wheat price From oil prices Overall gain Average losseffects of cereal and oil price changes – Farmers, by

de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Eliisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - alfalfa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Renewable Energy 76 Agricultural Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Yolo County (Preliminary) Study objective Summary: alfalfa, rice and wheat, almost 90% of...

276

California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethanol and conventional biodiesel, thus bin 2 and bin 3cane, sugar beet, wheat) Biodiesel from oil crops (e.g. ,hydrocarbons) Algal biodiesel Improved enzymes, catalysts,

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethanol and conventional biodiesel, thus bin 2 and bin 3cane, sugar beet, wheat) Biodiesel from oil crops (e.g. ,hydrocarbons) Algal biodiesel Improved enzymes, catalysts,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghan organizations Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Kevin McNamara, Purdue Advancing Afghan Agriculture Alliance, discusses wheat rust Summary: Kevin McNamara, Purdue Advancing Afghan Agriculture...

279

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prepare for wheat, if herbicide program permits. You can follow corn with wheat the same year if no more. However, continued hot and dry weather can result in a rapid drop in moisture. Therefore, when in doubt dollar value if sold as silage. See your County Agent for assistance in determining moisture content. Q

280

Carol Jones Research Engineer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

canola varieties, Oklahoma producers have the option of rotating canola with wheat to break the weed and disease cycle and to potentially increase wheat yields. Production of canola also provides an income source outside of the grain market. The recent increase in canola production in Oklahoma has prompted

Jones, Carol

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cereal Killers What we saw in 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hosts Poor Hosts Root lesion nematode bi l Wide host range for P. Wheat Canola Mustard Barley Oat Durum Good Moderate Hosts Poor Rotation to non-host crop Good Hosts Moderate Hosts Poor Hosts Wheat Canola Barley Oat Field Pea Faba Bean Variety selection Canola Mustard Chickpea Oat Durum Lentil Triticale

Dyer, Bill

282

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture Texas Drought and Beyond CIESS Austin · In Agriculture, it Began in 2010 ­ Wheat and other winter grazing crops are planted in the Fall ­ Lost value ­ Infrastructure losses #12;Agricultural Costs of Drought · Estimated $7.62 Billion ­ Corn, cotton, wheat, hay $4

Yang, Zong-Liang

283

Comparative breeding ecology of Lesser Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis canadensis) and Siberian cranes (G. leucogeranus) in Eastern Siberia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VII CONCLUSION ................................................................................................ 91 Future Research Considerations................................................................. 93 LITERATURE...). Harvested grain fields (corn, wheat, and barley) were the principal habitat types used by Lesser Sandhill Cranes during spring migration in Nebraska, Saskatchewan, and Alaska, respectively (Iverson et al. 1987). Wheat, corn, sorghum, and milo are major...

Watanabe, Tsuyoshi

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

284

Metabolic click-labeling with a fucose analog reveals pectin delivery, architecture, and dynamics in Arabidopsis cell walls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2007 ) Comparison of five xylan synthesis mutants reveals new insight into the mechanisms of xylan synthesis . Plant J 52 : 1154 – 1168 . 6...wall porosity and available surface area of wheat straw and wheat...n 30 seedlings total per treatment), and seedlings in a...

Charles T. Anderson; Ian S. Wallace; Chris R. Somerville

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Prevention of Food-Processing Wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...beans 99.8 99.8 Corn on the cob 46.0...green beans, and corn on the cob. Tests...starch and glu by new, wet processing of wheat...food exist.) Dry milling and air classification...con-ventional wheat-milling equipment. rom Two...from the conventional wet process and the proposed...

Sam R. Hoover

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Gene Discovery and Product Development for Grain Quality Traits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Soybean seeds with altered ratios of seed storage proteins...a number of starches have been created...production in cereals such as wheat...altered ratios of seed storage proteins...a number of starches have been created...production in cereals such as wheat...

Barbara Mazur; Enno Krebbers; Scott Tingey

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

Biological studies and characterization of the High Plains Disease pathogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with the HPD pathogen no longer being detected 45 days post infestation in any of the treatments for wheat or corn. A purification protocol was established for isolation of the double-membrane particles associated with HPD from wheat leaves. When viewed...

Mirabile, Joanna

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable microbial biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable and fertilized Corn: flood irrigated and fertilized Wheat-Fallow: a dryland winter wheat cropping system C and N mineralization rates (data not shown) than other ecosystems, suggesting that energy

Hall, Sharon J.

289

A quantitative, semi-automated method for phytate phosphorus determination in sorghum and other cereals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ of the total phosphorus load. Studies show phytate levels in breads made with soy fortified wheat flour (10/ soy, 90'/. wheat) decrease by 75/ from the original combined levels in the flours (Ranhotra et al 1974). Other studies show phytate loss in wheat... to be 70-95%%u of the total phosphorus load i n other cereals (Cheryan 1 980) . Total phosphorus levels in sorghum were not known. Therefore, a 1. 5000 g sample of ground whole grain CS3541 was analyzed by the method Wheeler and Ferrel (1971) had...

Doherty, C. A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sorbents for High Temperature Removal of Arsenic from Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gokhan O. Alptekin, PhD Robert Copeland, PhD Gokhan O. Alptekin, PhD Robert Copeland, PhD (Primary Contact) TDA Research, Inc TDA Research, Inc 12345 W. 52 nd Avenue 12345 W. 52 nd Avenue Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Email: copeland@tda.com Email: galptekin@tda.com Tel: (303) 940-2323 Tel: (303) 940-2349 Fax: (303) 422-7763 Fax: (303) 422-7763 Margarita Dubovik Yevgenia Gershanovich TDA Research, Inc TDA Research, Inc 12345 W. 52 nd Avenue 12345 W. 52 nd Avenue Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Email: dubovik@tda.com Email: ygershan@tda.com Tel: (303) 940-2316 Tel: (303) 940-2346 Fax: (303) 422-7763 Fax: (303) 422-7763 Sorbents for High Temperature Removal of Arsenic from Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas

291

Understanding and Mapping Land-Use and Land-Cover Change along Bolivia's Corredor Bioceancio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trigo (Association of Oilseed and Wheat Producers) AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer CAF Corporaci?n Andina de Fomento (Andean Development Corporation) CAO C?mara Agropecuaria del Oriente (Agricultural Chamber of the East...

Redo, Daniel J.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

292

Development of a Multiplexed Tumor-Associated Autoantibody-Based Blood Test for the Detection of Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...means to early disease detection. This...over 90% in the prediction of patients' samples...detect early-stage disease in patient cohorts...wheat embryos: plants apparently contain...Random Forests. Machine Learning 2001;45:5-32...

Erin C. Farlow; Kalpa Patel; Sanjib Basu; Bao-Shiang Lee; Anthony W. Kim; John S. Coon; L. Penfield Faber; Philip Bonomi; Michael J. Liptay; and Jeffrey A. Borgia

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Critical importance of moisture content of the medium in alpha-amylase production by Bacillus licheniformis M27 in a solid-state fermentation system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large reduction (about 30%–78%) is observed in the production of alpha-amylase by Bacillus licheniformis...M27 in standardized wheat bran medium under solid-state fermentation when the moisture content of the m...

M. V. Ramesh; B. K. Lonsane

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Stomatal limitation of photosynthesis as affected by water stress and CO2 concentration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A water stress effect on photosynthesis and transpiration of wheat seedlings at 50-500 µmol(CO2) mol-1 was measured in an open ... -1 MPa, and it decreased with increasing CO2 concentration.

J. Janá?ek

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Human Resources Office Dalia Bldg. 2nd Floor,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for rainfed and irrigated environments in the dry areas of West Asia-North Africa (WANA) and the Nile valley for the improvement of bread and durum wheat within Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) as part

296

Air Resources Laboratory Publications FY 1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.D. A comparative study of mass and energy exchange rates over a closed C3 (wheat) and an open C4 (corn) crop: II radiative transfer models on calculating canopy CO2 and energy exchange rates. Preprints, 21st Conference

297

How long do Seeds retain their Vitality?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... at the present time."Cereals are ill adapted for a prolonged period of quiescence. Sifton has shown that Canadian wheat may retain its vitality for 18 years, and that ...

1933-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

Methods to improve and measure texture of sorghum cookies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of wheat flour substitution with sorghum flour (SF) on the quality of cookies was evaluated. The three point bending test and sensory panels were used to evaluate changes in cookie texture and acceptability. The formulations used were a...

Leon-Chapa, Martha Cecilia

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Exploring the Physiological Basis for High Reproduction Sensitivity to Boron Deficiency in Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lordkaew et al. , 2005), canola (Asad et al. , 2000) andHowever, in dicots such as canola, B deficiency was reportedin pollen (e.g. wheat and canola) and pistil or silk (e.g.

Huang, Longbin; Bell, Richard William; Dell, Bernard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

GMOs in animal agriculture: time to consider both costs and benefits in regulatory evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

81%), corn (35%), and canola (30%) crops grown globally areGE corn, soybean, cotton, canola, wheat, potato, alfalfa,Soybeans Maize (Corn) Cotton Canola Page 9 of 14 animal feed

Van Eenennaam, Alison L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

2012 Professional Development Meeting; Ames, IA Research update: Bee health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, pumpkins · Cantaloupes, watermelons · Carrots, canola, alfalfa · Almonds, macadamia and other nut crops #12+ million ac), most wheat (24 million ac), canola, cotton, etc. · Rates range from 0.25-1.25 mg

Jurenka, Russell A.

302

Development of specialty breads as nutraceutical products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containing wheat flour, a need exists for gluten-free bread containing nutraceutical ingredients. In preliminary research, bread containing 12% brown sorghum bran and 5% flaxseed was developed. In an effort to reduce rapid staling, soy flour was substituted...

Hines, Lindsey Renee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute ethanol treatment Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy 96 UofS FOBI -ABIP Group 3: Added Value Summary: of Wheat DG (ADF Funding) 2.0 Biogas and Syngas Production within the -Ethanol-Feedlot-Digester System... Fermentation &...

304

Biofuels supply chain characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol can be made from agricultural residues like wheat straw and from crops dedicated to energy use, like switchgrass. We study the logistics aspects of this transformation and determine the main characteristics of the ...

Banerjee, Anindya, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Understanding Apomixis: Recent Advances and Remaining Conundrums  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Plant...each progeny plant and an assessment of ploidy in all individuals...Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Institut de Recherche pour...sexual crops: A critical assessment of the apomixis technology...

Ross A. Bicknell; Anna M. Koltunow

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SCCCapture Division FY14-17 1212013 - 8312017 B. Andrew O'Palko Wheat Ridge, Colorado Sorbent Based Post-Combustion CO2 Slipstream Testing The objective is to design,...

307

Clinical Poems and Clinical Conversations: Some Thoughts on Working with Family Medicine Residents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relation to the patient. "Oklahoma Farmer" Margo Short, M.D.forgetful. This proud Oklahoma farmer who was always strong.grandfather, a northwest Oklahoma wheat farmer. I accepted

Stein, Howard F

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

West Electric Consumers Association 4350 Wadsworth Blvd., Suite 330, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Tel: (303) 463-4979 Fax: (303) 463-8876 April 1, 2009 Transmission Infrastructure Program...

309

Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and isomer ratios as tracers of biomass burning emissions in Northern India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emission from large-scale post-harvest agricultural-waste burning (paddy-residue burning during October–November and wheat-residue burning in April–May) is a conspicuous feature ... in northern India. The poor an...

Prashant Rajput; M. M. Sarin; Deepti Sharma…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) treatment of grass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and steam explosion (Playne, 1984), pretreatment of cane bagasse with alkaline hydrogen peroxide (Azzam, 1989), alkali treatment of soybean straw to improve digestibility (Felix, Hill, and Diarra, 14 1990), ammoniation of wheat straw to improve nutritive...

Ashok, Ganesh

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Indicators of Success When Incorporating Whole Grains into School Meals: HealthierUS School Challenge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

blend whole grain products compared to those made from 100% whole wheat. Additionally, survey participants reported barriers to whole grain food incorporation which included: product acceptability, whole grain product identification, whole grain product...

Sceets, Christine Elizabeth

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

312

Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What do Argentine shoes, Indian tire rubber, Korean garlic and American wheat gluten have in common? Although some are final consumer goods while others are intermediate inputs and they differ in terms of their m...

Chad P. Bown; Meredith A. Crowley

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Comparison of Paenibacillus azotofixans Strains Isolated from Rhizoplane, Rhizosphere, and Non-Root-Associated Soil from Maize Planted in Two Different Brazilian Soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...were capable of metabolizing starch. Hence, starch metabolism might play an important role...Mavingui et al. () for sorbitol metabolism in wheat roots. Other sugars...specificity in the infection of cereals with Azospirillum spp. . Bassam...

Lucy Seldin; Alexandre Soares Rosado; Davi William da Cruz; Alberto Nobrega; Jan Dirk van Elsas; Edilson Paiva

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Selected Lactic Acid Bacteria Synthesize Antioxidant Peptides during Sourdough Fermentation of Cereal Flours  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high-fibre wheat bread. Cereal Chem. 78 :429-435...prolamine storage proteins of cereal seeds: structure and evolution...sourdough fermentation of cereal flours. | A pool of...isolation & purification metabolism Cereals Chromatography...

Rossana Coda; Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello; Daniela Pinto; Marco Gobbetti

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

315

ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase, a Regulatory Enzyme for Bacterial Glycogen Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and J. Preiss. 1998. Starch: basic science to biotechnology...wheat endosperm increases seed yield. Proc. Natl...pyrophosphorylase in regulating starch levels in plant tissues...genes in relation to starch biosynthesis during seed development in Vicia...

Miguel A. Ballicora; Alberto A. Iglesias; Jack Preiss

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Pharmacological potential of tocotrienols: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tocotrienols, members of the vitamin E family, are natural compounds found in a number of vegetable oils, wheat germ, barley, and certain types of nuts and grains. Like tocopherols, tocotrienols are also of fo...

Haseeb Ahsan; Amjid Ahad; Jahangir Iqbal; Waseem A Siddiqui

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Our changing Sun  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......distribution networks; spacecraft; oil pipelines; oil exploration rigs and radio and magnetic...extracted solar wind energy and this heating will have risen with Fs and aa...between sunspot numbers and wheat prices (Herschel 1801). Monitoring over......

M Lockwood; R Stamper; M N Wild; A Balogh; G Jones

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Integration of Ambient Formic Acid Process and Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide Post-Treatment of Furfural Residue To Enhance Enzymatic Hydrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ahvazi, B.; Wojciechowicz, O.; Ton That, T. M.; Hawari, J.Preparation of lignopolyols from wheat straw soda lignin J. Agr. ... Ahvazi, Behzad; Wojciechowicz, Olivia; Ton-That, Tan-Minh; Hawari, Jalal ...

Chang-Zhou Chen; Ming-Fei Li; Yu-Ying Wu; Run-Cang Sun

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

319

Extensional rheology of bread dough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigated the extensional properties of wheat flour dough on the Filament Stretching Rheometer (FISER), in which the sample approaches uniform uni-axial extension flow at a constant strain rate over a large portion ...

Ng, Shen Kuan (Trevor Shen Kuan)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

PROJECT TITLE: Evaluation of Seed Boot and Furrow Opener Configurations for Optimizing Seed and Fertilizer Placement in Simultaneous, Single-Pass Operations with Air Drills under  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hr GRC 3 PROJECT TITLE: Evaluation of Seed Boot and Furrow Opener Configurations for Optimizing-seeded into spring wheat stubble at Havre in 2002 is presented in Table 1. The `Morris Gumbo Boot' was included

Maxwell, Bruce D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Oregon State University University Housing and Dining Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dressing or light ranch Make your own nachos Tortilla chips Cheese Beans and/or meat or chicken and balsamic-tarragon dressing) add naked chicken Any Boca (vegetarian) burger on a whole wheat bun, add

Escher, Christine

322

nEWS to hElp you thrivE 5 ways to help you  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, celery, low-fat ranch dressing, and fat-free milk. - skewer grilled chicken, low-fat cheese, cucum- ber. - Team a cup of bean soup with a green salad and Italian dressing. Add four whole-wheat crackers

Burke, Peter

323

Fermentation of Barley by Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Examination of Barley as a Feedstock for Bioethanol Production and Value-Added Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...protein and in vitro energy digestibility. Wheat...the highest in in vitro energy digestibility. The growing need for energy independence and proposed renewable fuels has led recently...The need to find other cost-effective and efficient...

Amera Gibreel; James R. Sandercock; Jingui Lan; Laksiri A. Goonewardene; Ruurd T. Zijlstra; Jonathan M. Curtis; David C. Bressler

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

324

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retain current filters Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Video Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants...

325

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retain current filters Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Video Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants...

326

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2009) 13(4):289-296 DOI 10.1007/s12205-009-0289-z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that count as granular materials, like wheat, corn flakes, rice, coal etc. These materials possess peculiar properties that are not displayed by the conventional substances, e.g., they may behave like solids, liquids

Singh, Jayant K.

327

Food security: contributions from science to a new and greener revolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...044007 ) EEA 2007 Estimating the environmentally compatible bioenergy potential from agriculture. Copenhagen, Denmark: European...of the 7th International Wheat Conference, Mar del Plata, Argentina. Hoekstra, A. Y. , Chapagain, A. K. 2007 Water footprints...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Pathogenicity associations in Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Associations of pathogenicity in predominantly asexually reproducing populations of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici were analyzed for eight selected years between 1929 and 1978 on 10 standard differential wheat lines. In ...

Alexander, Helen M.; Roelfs, A.P.; Groth, J.V.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Boron Deficiency in Cotton Grown on Calcareous Soils of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Pakistan is grown in irrigated cotton-wheat system on ~3 Mha alkaline-calcareous, alluvial soils. Despite enhanced use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisers, however, cotton pro...

E. Rafique; A. Rashid; A. U. Bhatti; G. Rasool…

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. By developing a better understanding of the microbes...

331

The Movement Protein of Cucumber Mosaic Virus Traffics into Sieve Elements in Minor Veins of Nicotiana clevelandii  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...wheat sieve tube Freund, J.E. (1988). Modern Elementary Statistics, 7th ed. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall...of transgenic tobacco exhibiting replicase-mediated resistance Wolf S. Deom C.M. Beachy R.N. Movement protein...

Leila M. Blackman; Petra Boevink; Simon Santa Cruz; Peter Palukaitis; Karl J. Oparka

332

Organophosphorus Hydrolase-Based Assay for Organophosphate K. R. Rogers,*, Y. Wang, A. Mulchandani,*, P. Mulchandani, and W. Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coumaphos in biodegradation samples of cattle dip wastes and showed a high correlation (r2 ) 0, potato, corn, and wheat, turfgrass (3), and livestock (4) (i.e., used extensively in cattle dipping

Chen, Wilfred

333

Profitable Small Grain Production In the Texas Gulf Coast.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in continuous wheat Examples include mustards, henbit, thistles, ryegrass, rescuegrass and other brome species. Use of weed-free seed is important Clean the combines before harvesting uninfested fields. If possi ble, custom applicators should harvest clean... in continuous wheat Examples include mustards, henbit, thistles, ryegrass, rescuegrass and other brome species. Use of weed-free seed is important Clean the combines before harvesting uninfested fields. If possi ble, custom applicators should harvest clean...

Miller, Travis D.; Livingston, Steve

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fermentation of sorghum dough by genus Lactobacillus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, sorghum flour can be mixed with wheat flours to produce acceptable bread and pastry products (Rooney, 1970). To determine the cooking quality of sorghum flour, Hiller and Burns (1970) studied the content of total starch, amylose, amylopectin, starch..., sorghum flour can be mixed with wheat flours to produce acceptable bread and pastry products (Rooney, 1970). To determine the cooking quality of sorghum flour, Hiller and Burns (1970) studied the content of total starch, amylose, amylopectin, starch...

Clark, Susie Hong Nguyen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

335

Characterization of secondary grain dust explosions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dust less than 106 um . . . ~ . . ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 4 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for wheat dust less than 106 um . 28 5 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for rice dust less than 106 um ~ 29 6 Coulter Counter particle size... distribution f' or wheat/sorghum dust, less than 106 um . 7 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for soybean dust less than 106 um 31 8 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for corn dust between 106 and. 250 um 9 Coulter Counter particle size...

Schulman, Cheryl Wendler

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

336

Alternative income and protein sources for rural communities: prospects for the rabbit in East Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, together with household waste, but energy and protein deficiencies may be encountered if such diets are not well balanced (Owen et al. 1977). Some of t' he green feed sources include grasses, sweet potato vines, garden weeds, while groundnut haulms... with replications. The rations were rabbit pellets (16X protein), rabbit pellets plus sweet potato vines, wheat bran and wheat bran plus sweet potato vines. Daily weight gain was calculated between 4 and 8 weeks. Analysis of variance for sex, feed, breed...

Wanjaiya, James Kangethe

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Why sequence fungal pathogen Cochliobolus sativus?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fungal pathogen Cochliobolus sativus? fungal pathogen Cochliobolus sativus? Wheat and barley have been and will continue to be the cereal crops of major importance in the United States and around the world. In 2008, the U.S. produced over 130 million tons of wheat, third in the world behind China and India. Fungal diseases such as spot blotch are a consistent source of economic losses for the cereal crops. Spot blotch caused by C. sativus in barley and wheat is one of the most important diseases and remains a problem in many regions of the world. The fungus Cochliobolus sativus is the sexual stage of Bipolaris sorokiniana, which is the causal agent of a wide variety of cereal diseases. In its asexual stage, the pathogen can infect and cause disease on the root (where it is known as common root rot), leaf and stem, and head

338

No Slide Title  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 * www.tda.com Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 * www.tda.com A Low Cost, High Capacity Regenerable Sorbent for Pre-Combustion CO 2 Capture Contract No: DE-FE0000469 Principal Investigator Gökhan Alptekin, PhD DOE Project Manager Ms. Sara Zenner Project Kick-off Meeting NETL, Pittsburgh, PA November 12, 2009 TDA R e s e a r c h 2  Privately Owned / Began operations in 1987  ~13 million revenue in 2009  84 full-time technical staff  Primarily chemists and engineers, more than half with advanced degrees (26 PhDs) TDA Research, Inc. Wheat Ridge Facility Golden Facility 12345-12355 W 52 nd Avenue 22,000 ft 2 offices and labs Synthetic Chemistry, Catalyst/Sorbent Synthesis and Testing, Machine and Electronics Shops, SEM, TOF Mass Spec 4663 Table Mountain Drive 27,000 ft 2 offices and labs

339

The impact of railroad mergers on grain transportation markets: a Kansas case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While there have been many studies of the impact of railroad deregulation on agricultural transportation markets there have been very few that address the impact of railroad mergers on rail grain prices and the distribution of efficiency gains. The purpose of this paper is to add to the sparse literature regarding the effect of railroad mergers on agricultural transportation markets. Given the ever declining number of Class I railroads, this research is very timely. The specific objectives of the research are as follows: (1) Analyze the impact of the Burlington Northern (BN)–Santa Fe (SF) merger on the ability of the BNSF to increase prices on movements of Kansas wheat to Houston, Texas. (2) Analyze the impact of the Union Pacific (UP)–Southern Pacific (SP) merger on the ability of the UPSP to increase prices on movements of Kansas wheat to Houston, Texas. (3) Analyze changes in Kansas wheat logistics system costs as a result of the BN–SF and UP–SP mergers. Two models are developed to achieve the objectives of the study. A network model of the wheat logistics system is used to identify the least cost transportation routes from the Kansas study area to the market at Houston, Texas. A profit improvement algorithm is developed to measure the amount by which railroads can raise their prices above variable cost. The BNSF and UPSP achieve only minor increases in market power (measured by the ratio of revenue to variable cost) because the merged railroads have only slight advantages in cost relative to other railroads that serve the same areas as the merged railroads. Wheat shippers benefit from merger-induced reductions in transportation and handling costs. Shippers are likely to capture a significant share of these cost reductions since intrarailroad competition is present after the mergers. Transport cost reductions accompany mergers due to more direct routing of wheat shipments and the assumption that the merged railroad operates at the costs of the lower cost partner.

Joon Je Park; Michael W. Babcock; Kenneth Lemke

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Digestibility of amino acids and energy in three soybean products measured at the end of the small intestine and over the entire track of growing-finishing swine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

availability of lysine from wheat, flour, bread and gluten. Ousterhout et al. (1959) derived an index of availability by comparing chick growth on a basal diet that was missing one amino acid to the basal diet with a test protein and the basal diet... availability of lysine from wheat, flour, bread and gluten. Ousterhout et al. (1959) derived an index of availability by comparing chick growth on a basal diet that was missing one amino acid to the basal diet with a test protein and the basal diet...

Rudolph, Bryan Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Response of Penaeus vannamei to dietary protein level, protein source and polyculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Within each feed series (2: I A; I: I = B), three formulated protein levels (22, 29 and 36% ) were mainta 1ned pr 1mar 1 ly by adjusting the percentages of rice bran and of the purified proteins (wheat gluten, alpha soy and vitamin-free casein... meal Fish solubles Rice bran Corn starch Alpha soy Wheat gluten Casein (vitamin-free) Alpha cellulose 2. 00 2. 00 2. 00 1. 50 1. 50 1. 50 2. 00 2. 00 2. 00 2. 00 2. 00 2. 00 22. 75 35. 00 36. 00 35. 00 35. 50 34. 50 12. 25 14, 40 25. 00 7. 20...

Smith, Linda Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

Utilization of Sorghum in El Salvador: Grain, Flour and End-Product Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and roti, and rice-like products (i.e. horchata) (Murty 1995; Rooney 1991). Information on sorghum use in composite flours for bread has been found on literature regarding production of wheat (gluten) free breads (Taylor and 5 Dewar 2001). Sorghum... and roti, and rice-like products (i.e. horchata) (Murty 1995; Rooney 1991). Information on sorghum use in composite flours for bread has been found on literature regarding production of wheat (gluten) free breads (Taylor and 5 Dewar 2001). Sorghum...

Pinilla, Luz Eliana

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

343

Evidence for the genetic control and subcellular locations on aconitase isozymes in triticeae species / by Kristine Jo Chenicek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

isozymes are assoc'ated with the m'tochondria. Study of wheat-alien chromosome addition lines provided evidence for the location of Aco-1 and Aco-2 genes in specific chromosomes in several relatives of hexaploid wheat. Alien Aco-1 genes were located... in the CSU-31 chromosome addition line of the Chinese Spring-l. umbeliulstum addition series, in the B and E chromosome addition lines of the Chinese Spring-T. longissimum addition series (presumably in chromosome 65 ), in the beta arm of Flytrigia...

Chenicek, Kristine Jo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

Grain quality impacts of prohibiting recombination recirculation dust at export grain elevators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . 58 Figure A9 ? PSD OF BIN CORN DUST FROM ELEVATOR 7. Figure A10 - PSD OF R/R CORN DUST FROM ELEVATOR 7. Figure A11 - PSD OF INBOUND WHEAT FOR ELEVATOR 5. Figure A12 ? PSD OF OUTBOUND WHEAT FOR ELEVATOR 5. . . . Figure A13 - PSD OF MIXED BIN DUST... the mesh. TABLE 3, MASS FRACTION OF CORN DUSTS LESS THAN 100 MICRONS DETERMINED BY WET SIEVING. Sample % less than 100 mierons Elev 3 R/R Dust Elev 4 Bin Dust Elev 7 Bin Dust Elev 7 R/R Dust 61. 215. 4 32. 3 E 1. 5 59. 0+1. 4 90. 6 10. 9 22...

Spillmann, Daryl Drew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

Evaluation of agricultural residues for paper manufacture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five agricultural residues-olive tree fellings, wheat straw, sunflower stalks, vine shoots, and cotton stalks-were evaluated for use as raw materials for paper manufacture. The untreated raw materials and their pulps were tested for hot-water solubles, 1%-NaOH solubles, alcohol-benzene extractables, ash, holocellulose, lignin, [alpha]-cellulose, and pentosans. Handsheets were tested for breaking length, stretch, burst index, and tear index. The results showed wheat straw to be the most promising material. Vine shoots showed the least promise.

Alcaide, L.J.; Baldovin, F.L.; Herranz, J.L.F. (Univ. of Cordoba (Spain))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Polymeric Assembly of Gluten Proteins in an Aqueous Ethanol Solvent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The supramolecular organization of wheat gluten proteins is largely unknown due to the intrinsic complexity of this family of proteins and their insolubility in water. We fractionate gluten in a water/ethanol (50/50 v/v) and obtain a protein extract which is depleted in gliadin, the monomeric part of wheat gluten proteins, and enriched in glutenin, the polymeric part of wheat gluten proteins. We investigate the structure of the proteins in the solvent used for extraction over a wide range of concentration, by combining X-ray scattering and multi-angle static and dynamic light scattering. Our data show that, in the ethanol/water mixture, the proteins display features characteristic of flexible polymer chains in a good solvent. In the dilute regime, the protein form very loose structures of characteristic size 150 nm, with an internal dynamics which is quantitatively similar to that of branched polymer coils. In more concentrated regimes, data highlight a hierarchical structure with one characteristic length scale of the order of a few nm, which displays the scaling with concentration expected for a semi-dilute polymer in good solvent, and a fractal arrangement at much larger length scale. This structure is strikingly similar to that of polymeric gels, thus providing some factual knowledge to rationalize the viscoelastic properties of wheat gluten proteins and their assemblies.

Mohsen Dahesh; Amélie Banc; Agnès Duri; Marie-Hélène Morel; Laurence Ramos

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

347

Supplemental Material for Forty Five Years of Observed Soil Moisture in the Ukraine: No  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplemental Material for Forty Five Years of Observed Soil Moisture in the Ukraine: No Summer, Kiev, Ukraine 5 Agrometeorology Department, Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Centre, Kiev, Ukraine ­ barley and maize) and 71 (for winter wheat) Ukraine stations. The total seeded areas are from 2002

Robock, Alan

348

Improving water use in crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...doi:10.1093/jexbot/49.suppl_1.453 . Ma, X , Fukushima, Y, Liu, C, Wu, X2003A hydrological model application...D2002Selection for reduced carbon isotope discrimination increases aerial biomass and grain yield of rainfed bread wheat. Crop Sci...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Toward cropping systems that enhance productivity and sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...today's global commodity markets, farm businesses have had...related crops, such as different market classes of wheat and barley. The efficiencies...little as one-fourth as much diesel fuel (?5 liters/tonne...four times the amount of diesel must be visualized in terms...

R. James Cook

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Calibration of Quantitative PCR Assays A. M. I. Roberts, C. M. Theobald, and M. McNeil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calibration model for measuring the quantity of the fungus common bunt (Tilletia caries) on wheat seed, based (PCR) assays (Edwards, Logan, and Saunders 2004) have been produced for a wide range of applications Biometric Society Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, Volume 12, Number 3

Theobald, Chris

351

Annual Report 2000 Plant Biology og Biogeochemistry Department Plant Biology og Biogeochemistry Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in September 2000. Mission To promote an innovative and environmentally sustainable technological development research to improve the scientific basis for developing new methods and technology for an environmentally mildew fungus and defence mechanisms in plants q Tilletia caries, the wheat bunt fungus Contact: Hans

352

The passage of LB962 accelerated efforts to conjunctively manage ground water and surface water in Nebraska. The drought across the High Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

beans, and canola grown in a no-till cropping system versus full irrigation and 2. to determine block design with four replications. Wheat, dry beans and canola received 4, 8 and 12 inches irrigation. Corn irrigation levels were 5, 10 and 15 inches. Seeding rates: dry beans (96,000/a), canola (7#/a

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

353

Research Programs dealing with the Entomology and Insect Ecology at the Western Triangle Agricultural Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and management for the wireworms and wheat stem sawfly. Canola is an important oilseed crop in the northern Great), and diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Fig. 2), are the most serious insect pests of canola. The damage. Producers #12;2 are frustrated by the high incidence of flea beetles and diamondback moth on canola. Even

Maxwell, Bruce D.

354

The effects of thermal processing on properties of fundamental food polymers in commercial Asian and experimental sorghum noodles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that was smooth and amorphous. The protein based noodles were held together by a gluten matrix, small endosperm pieces with intact starch granules were visible and suspended within the matrix. Noodles made from any grain or starch other than wheat must rely...

Leach, Michelle R

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

An algorithm to determine protein sequence alignment by utilizing data obtained from a peptide mixture and individual peptides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......trypsin inhibitor from wheat kernel coded WTI (Poerio et al., 1989; Poerio et al...of the pyridylethylated protein (PyEt-WTI) by CNBr, endopro- teinase Lys-C and...deriving from different digestions of PyEt-WTI. Oxford University Press 489 C.Caporale......

Carlo Caporale; Ciro Sepe; Carla Caruso; Pasquale Petrilli; Vincenzo Buonocore

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol 10, No 2, 1984 BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF MALE Heliothis zeal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a modified pinto bean diet (Shorey and Hale, 1965)at the UC Riverside campusor on a casein-wheat germ diet, as a percentage of total volatiles measurable by gas-liquid chromatography, was determined on a 30-m X 0 24-mm SP

357

Predicting cyclone emissions with a new computer mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyclone emission tests were conducted on 1 D-3D and 2D-2D cyclones with varied outlet tube sizes and inlet velocities. Talc and wheat dusts were used in testing the laboratory scale models. Data from these tests were used in developing a...

Askew, James Wilson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

Climate change impacts on crop yield and quality with CO2 fertilization in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...change impacts on crop yield and quality with CO2 fertilization in China...elevated CO2 on processing quality characteristics of two winter...experiment system. In Proc. World Engineers' Convention. vol. E, agricultural...1996Changes in wheat grain quality due to doubling the level of...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The increasing world energy demand, depletion and unequal distribution of fossil resources, and the dangers caused by climate change are the driving forces for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wheat, rice, sorghum, sugarcane, sugar beet, cassava, palm oil, rapeseed, etc.), agricultural residues of biomass refining? With regard to the first question, life cycle assessment (LCA) was chosen as an analysis are dedicated to comparative life cycle assessment (LCA), with different focuses: Chapter 2 addresses one

van den Brink, Jeroen

360

Characterization of a Novel Plasma Membrane Protein, Expressed in the Midgut Epithelia of Bombyx mori, That Binds to Cry1A Toxins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agglutinin (SBA), Lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), Phaseolus...of P252 to various lectins (ConA, WGA, LCA, PHA-E4, PNA, and SBA). ConA, WGA...PNA, and SBA all bound to P252, but LCA did not (Fig. 9A), suggesting that P252...

Delwar M. Hossain; Yasuyuki Shitomi; Kenta Moriyama; Masahiro Higuchi; Tohru Hayakawa; Toshiaki Mitsui; Ryoichi Sato; Hidetaka Hori

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

George Scott Goff The Dissertation Committee for George Scott Goff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright by George Scott Goff 2005 #12;The Dissertation Committee for George Scott Goff certifies, Supervisor Charles B. Mullins Benny D. Freeman James E. Critchfield Harovel G. Wheat #12;Oxidative2 Mass Transfer by George Scott Goff, B.S. Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate

Rochelle, Gary T.

362

Polar and non-polar organic aerosols from large-scale agricultural-waste burning emissions in Northern India: Implications to organic mass-to-organic carbon ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study focuses on characteristics of organic aerosols (polar and non-polar) and total organic mass-to-organic carbon ratio (OM/OC) from post-harvest agricultural-waste (paddy- and wheat-residue) burning emissions in Northern India. Aerosol samples from an upwind location (Patiala: 30.2°N, 76.3°E) in the Indo-Gangetic Plain were analyzed for non-polar and polar fractions of organic carbon (OC1 and OC2) and their respective mass (OM1 and OM2). On average, polar organic aerosols (OM2) contribute nearly 85% of the total organic mass (OM) from the paddy- and wheat-residue burning emissions. The water-soluble-OC (WSOC) to OC2 ratio, within the analytical uncertainty, is close to 1 from both paddy- and wheat-residue burning emissions. However, temporal variability and relatively low WSOC/OC2 ratio (Av: 0.67 ± 0.06) is attributed to high moisture content and poor combustion efficiency during paddy-residue burning, indicating significant contribution (?30%) of aromatic carbon to OC2. The OM/OC ratio for non-polar (OM1/OC1 ? 1.2) and polar organic aerosols (OM2/OC2 ? 2.2), hitherto unknown for open agricultural-waste burning emissions, is documented in this study. The total OM/OC ratio is nearly identical, 1.9 ± 0.2 and 1.8 ± 0.2, from paddy- and wheat-residue burning emissions.

Prashant Rajput; M.M. Sarin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Thursday, November 9, 2006 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan The StarPhoenix FORUM A11 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the necessity of change and are rapidly developing their ethanol and bio- diesel capacity. The federal regarding changes to the Cana- dian Wheat Board. It's one regarding the reality of marketing western Canadian grain into the export market. The dramatic and tragic loss of thousands of west- ern grain farmers

Saskatchewan, University of

364

Digestive utilization of different sources of supplemental protein by heifers grazing bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. (1991) found that a supplement of kg/d of corn gluten meal fed to a 300-kg steers receiving ammoniated wheat straw produced similar improvement in daily gain to a corn supplement fed at 2. 5 kg/d, even though steers supplemented with corn...

Cabello Cordova, Luis Carlos

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Biochemistry of Cellulose and Related Polysaccharides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... cereal grains are important in the germination process3. Thus oat glucan is located on the surface of the kernel, and during germination, it has been suggested, it is dissolved ... cellulose arise by resynthesis of fragmented glucose molecules. Similar experiments have been extended to the xylan of the wheat plant by Altermatt and Neish10. The results suggest that the xylose ...

B. A. STONE

1958-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 123 (1997) 283-286 Beam Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

without travers- ing the root cell plasma membrane by binding to cell wall sites, displacing calcium ions-lives associated with the different compartments to be on the order of those that have been measured in earlier ion-transport with Yaterials & Atoms Measurements of aluminum transport in wheat at the cellular level R.R. Johnson a, A

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

367

SOME ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE WORLD WAR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...23 Special Articles:-A Wet Condenser suitable for Continuous...cereals-wheat, oats, rye, corn, and barley-was enormous...and one fourth times as much. Corn and cornmeal, an increase of...exported has gone directly to the milling centers, in proportion to their...

Charles R. Van Hise

1918-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

368

Implications of climate change for agricultural productivity in the early twenty-first century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occurred in Italy for corn grown in the Po valley...temperature above 29C for corn, 30C for soya bean and...conditions in a normally wet area under drought may...simply not be adapted to wet soil conditions. In a...influenced the amount of milling wheat that was exported...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Ranking possible carcinogenic hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...18). Afla-toxin contaminates wheat, corn (perhaps the main source ofdietary aflatoxin...and Deasion Document for Grain and Grain Milling Fumigation Uses (8 February 1984...The 15-g raw mushroom is given as wet weight. The TD50 value based on the above...

BN Ames; R Magaw; LS Gold

1987-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

Growth of Staphylococcus aureus MF 31 on the Top and Cut Surfaces of Southern Custard Pies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...43 Dextrose Equivalent corn syrup, 8170 solids...dextrose monohydrate (Corn Products Co., New York...wheat flour (Dowagiac Milling Co., Dowagiac, Mich...Waring Blendor until the corn syrup had been dispersed...inoculated sponge pad to wet it, and the inoculum...

D. L. Preonas; A. I. Nelson; Z. John Ordal; M. P. Steinberg; L. S. Wei

1969-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dr. Olga S. Walsh is a Soil Fertility and Precision Nutrient Management Specialist. She joined Montana State University's Agricultural Experiment Station and the Department of the Research Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,500. Olga S. Walsh, Mal Westcott, Chengci Chen. 2012. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Winter Wheat Advisory Committee. Funded: $20,944. Olga S. Walsh, Mal Westcott. 2012. Comparison of Foliar Applied,838. Olga S. Walsh, Mal Westcott. 2012. Evaluation of Sensor-Based Technologies and Nitrogen Sources

Lawrence, Rick L.

372

The Riboflavin Content of Some Animal Feeds and Some Human Foods.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The retention of vita- mins in pork hams ciur1n.r curing. J. Nutr. 27, 419. 67. Scalock, R. R., and Livermore, A. H. 1943. The vitamin B complex of peeled wheat bread. J. Nutr. 25, 265. 6Q. Sebrell, W. H. 1944. Annual Review of Biochemistry. 13, 442. 69...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Kemmerer, A. R. (Arthur Russell)

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Detergent Lysis for Isolation of Intact Polysomes of Novikoff Hepatoma Ascites Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polysomes is biologically active in the wheat germ translational...These nuclei contain active DNA-dependent RNA polymerases...detectable degradation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animals and...into acid-insoluble material of isolated nuclei...film from a 1000-line cathode ray tube. Pieces of...

Ierach Daskal; Samuel A. Ramirez; Raghuveera N. Ballal; William H. Spohn; Benjamin Wu; and Harris Busch

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Optimizing nutrient management for farm systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...various K-containing minerals. Recycling of animal...already present. Using mineral N measurements and a...wheat), maintain a green cover as much as is practicable...trace elements, use lime to maintain the appropriate...simulation of changes in soil mineral nitrogen and crop nitrogen...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

dining.umd.edu GLUTEN FREE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dining.umd.edu GLUTEN FREE INGREDIENTS CONTAIN NO WHEAT OR GLUTEN EAT SMART PROPERLY PORTIONED, LOWER IN CALORIES AND WELL BALANCED VEGETARIAN FREE OF MEAT, POULTRY AND FISH VEGAN FREE OF ALL ANIMAL CONTAIN NO TREE NUTS OR PEANUTS EAT SMART GLUTEN FREE VEGAN VEGETARIAN DAIRY NUTS PROPERLY PORTIONED

Hill, Wendell T.

376

Two Graduate Student Opportunities University of Saskatchewan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two Graduate Student Opportunities University of Saskatchewan MA - 2 years, $16,000\\year plus field, Saskatchewan - Plains Cree, cattle ranchers, wheat farmers, and Hutterite colonies - allocate, use, and adapt. David Natcher University of Saskatchewan Phone: 306-966-4045 Email: david.natcher@usask.ca #12;

Saskatchewan, University of

377

Wind Energy: Large and Small Systems Competing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the wheat in Kansas. Wind power...of mass-production they offer...systems produce electricity or drive-shaft...the specific site. Interference...Based on a production run of 1000...econ-omies of production in the past...could produce electricity at a cost...winds at the site, plus the...

WILLIAM D. METZ

1977-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

THE PHILADELPHIA SESSIONS OF SECTIONS AND SOCIETIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the coal-tar products, the production of a lard-like fat from cottonseed...possibilities of the reduction of wheat production to a self-sufficiency basis, the agricultural surplus, increasing production per worker in agriculture and more...

1927-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

379

THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effect of ethylene on CO2 production by young wheat seedlings...influenced anthocyanin production while potassium showed...James E. Ackert, Kansas State Agricultural College...Mousterian quartzite quarry site in the Sahara. R...in the application of electricity to give the requisite...

1931-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

380

? PPKY THE K3.ATHX.R 1 Mailed December 18, 1935 A Science Service FeatureL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; but if the wind grovl stormy before suiiset, it betokens siclcness. Light Christmas, 1i;Sht wheatsheaf. Dark Christmas, heavy wheat shecaf. (This refers t o the light and drrrk of the moon.) (All ri&its reserved of the we& on which Christmas falls, etc. Here are a few old weather proverbs m d swiii,-,;;.sabout t h i

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Photo-Catalytic Degradation of Wastewater from Straw Pulp and Paper Mill by Fe2O3/UV/H2O2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to examine the photo catalytic degradation of real effluents from wheat straw pulp and paper mill by nano-Fe2O3 catalyst. Four different ferric oxide samples were synthesized by homogeneous precipitation of reflux at different ... Keywords: potocatalysis, ?-Fe2O3, efluent, COD

Aimei Li; Haizhen Yang; Yiren Zhu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Performance of Small Grain and Flax Varieties, 1958-1961.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BARLEY Cordova Rogers Fall seeded Kearney Rogers Rogers Recommended Rogers Cordova Cordova Cordova Harbine Goliad Cordova Rogers Kearney Rogers Cordova Cordova Arivat Acceptable Harbine Kearney Harbine Wintex Wintex Texan Ward Texan Texan... none recommended Harbine Spring seeded Cordova Cordova Cordova Rogers Rogers Cordova Rogers Cordova Rogers none recommended WHEAT Quanah none recommended Recommended Tascosa Tascosa Kaw Bison Bison Ponca Kaw Kaw Quanah Aztec Ponca...

Atkins, I. M.; Porter, K. B.; Gardenhire, J. H.; Pawlisch, Paul E.; Merkle, Owen G.; Gilmore, Earl C.; Lahr, K. A.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Plants as Sources of Airborne Bacteria, Including Ice Nucleation-Active Bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...allowed much greater exposure of the soil to wind than the dense, 0.9- m-high wheat canopy. Since wind speeds de- crease rapidly with depth in a dense plant cano- py, very little wind energy, if any, would have been available to...

Julianne Lindemann; Helen A. Constantinidou; William R. Barchet; Christen D. Upper

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

factors that would enhance or impede development and deployment. · Review other alternative fuels MIT HAROLD SCHOBERT Pennsylvania State University CHRISTOPHER SOMERVILLE Energy BioSciences Institute biomass 085 072 Wheat straw 070 055 a2008 costs = baseline costs #12;BIOCHEMICAL CONVERSION STATUS

385

Gold package menu -Week 2 This menu is served with fresh fruit, Fair-trade tea/coffee and herbal infusions, and a selection of Frobisher's juices.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fish choices are offered. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Chef's bread selection with olive oil and balsamic vinegar (v) Ramekins Meat- Harissa, butter bean and beef chilli with bulgur wheat Fish- Traditional fish vinegar (v) Ramekins Meat-Roast chicken with roasted new potatoes and red wine jus Fish-Salmon fish cake

Sussex, University of

386

thursday -friday want us to text you when your order is ready?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

choose between honey mustard, bbq, bleu cheese, ranch, buffalo CHICKEN WINGS choose between honey mustard, bbq, bleu cheese, ranch, buffalo NACHOS with chicken or beef QUESADILLAS add chicken add beef SPICY, sweet chili dressing, whole wheat tortilla CHICKEN CAESAR SALAD roasted chicken breast, chopped romaine

Heller, Barbara

387

Oregon State University University Housing and Dining Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ham, egg salad, hummus) Add nuts and/or seeds Add vinaigrette dressing or light ranch Soup Choose lean protein (chicken or Canadian bacon) Order a side of vegetables or Caesar salad with dressing-tarragon dressing) add naked chicken Any Boca (vegetarian) burger on a whole wheat bun, add lettuce, tomato

Escher, Christine

388

ALL ITEMS COME WITH CHOICE OF SAUSAGE, BACON, HASH BROWNS OR FRUIT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! CHEESE STICKS served with ranch dressing & red sauce GARLIC HUMMUS served with carrots in Caesar dressing in a whole-wheat tortilla. CHEESE STEAK Grilled chopped sirloin with green of dipping sauce--ranch, honey mustard, BBQ or bleu cheese. over >>> Complimentary Chips & Salsa

Azevedo, Ricardo

389

OPEN 4:30p.m. 1:00a.m. daily (except University holidays)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Italian, Ranch, Blue Cheese, Balsamic, Caesar Extra Dressing $ .59 6- piece Sushi $5.39 Fresh Fruit $ . 72-Broccoli Tomato Basil Veggie White Chicken Bacon Ranch Your choice of White or Whole Wheat Crust Hot Sandwiches.69 Chicken Caesar Salad $5.89 Chef Salad $5.89 All salads come with one dressing packet. Choice of Dressings

McConnell, Terry

390

Agriculture Will Turn Up, But Just a Bit In 1999* A fter a difficult 1998, Indi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, not counting food and fuel. With falling oil prices, over- all inflaction is less than 2 percent. Only modes will be related to modest reductions in input costs. Wheat prices are expected to be about 20 cents per bushel higher than for the 1998 crop, with corn prices unchanged and soybean prices down 20 cents. The animal

391

The effects of membrane modification on the rate of ethylene production of cotton radicle segments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plasma membrane fractions of oat roots. Also, Kyl)n and Kahr (72) have found ATPases in wheat and oats that are en- +2 +2 hanced by Mg or Ca 2, 4 Dinitrophenol (DNP). 2, 4 Dinitrophenol (O. 1m') reduces cr 11 membrane potentials (29, 48), could cause...

Achecar, Maritza Penzo

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Impact of Energy Shortage and Cost on Irrigation for the High Plains and Trans Pecos Regions of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plains and Trans Pecos regional economies is much greater than these statistics show. On the High Plains 86 percent of the cotton, 90 percent of the grain sorghum, and 75 percent of the wheat produced in 1974 was harvested from irrigated acreage. Rainfall...

Lacewell, R. D.; Condra, G. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Zavaleta, L.; Petty, J. A.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Biosolids are the solids produced during municipal wastewater treatment. Composts are made from a variety of organic materials, including both urban and agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISSUE Biosolids are the solids produced during municipal wastewater treatment. Composts are made resources, restoring soils, and combating climate change. Biosolids are still viewed as harmful wastes County and a number of smaller treatment plants is applied to dryland wheat in Douglas County. More than

Collins, Gary S.

394

Asotin Subbasin Plan May 2004 Version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Snake River Salmon Recovery Board Glen Mendel, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Ron Scheibe, Garfield County Wheat Growers William Dowdy, U.S. Forest Service, Umatillia National Forest Jason Flory, U Service, Umatilla National Forest Bradley Johnson, Asotin County Conservation District Paul Kraynak, Nez

395

GENERALIZED CALIBRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

work is done using NIR-spectra for gasoline and wheat. Keywords Calibration, NIR spectroscopy, linear;5 Contents 1 Introduction 9 2 Gasoline example 11 2.1 Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4.1.1 Model selection by cross-validation . . . . . . . . . . 26 4.2 MLLS applied to gasoline

396

Cinnamon Muffin 100% Apple Juice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31 ½ Apple Cinnamon Muffin 100% Apple Juice 5oz Milk Chef Michele Pastorello Milk Choices: Whole White 4oz Juice Choices: 100% Apple 100% Orange NO SCHOOL May 17th SCHOOL CLOSED May 28th Updated 4 100% Orange Juice 5oz Milk Cream of Wheat Sliced Pears 5oz Milk Turkey Sausage Biscuit 100% Apple

Delgado, Mauricio

397

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- Corn cobs -- Corn screenings -- Wood chips -- Straw--wheat, oats, rye, barley -- Alfalfa (not good% moisture when harvested. Corn stover, at the time of grain harvest, has a moisture content about twice that of grain. At the time of grain harvest, corn cobs have a moisture content 10-20 % greater than the moisture

398

Portuguese-Speaking Nations Portuguese Language  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef · Exports: $95 billion (2004 est.) · Imports: $61 linguistic islands in China, India, and North America. ² Over half a million people living in the United, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber #12;Modernist Mural, São Paulo #12;Olinda, State

Marsh, David

399

Book chapters and journal papers published by DSEEP members during 2004: Antontsev, S., Meirmanov, A., Rubinstein, I. and Zaltzman, B. (2004). 'Concentrated capacity'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system for improving wheat grain quality in the Mediterranean area of Israel. Field Crops Research, 89 at Sede Boqer, ASME J. Solar Energy Engineering, 126, 827-832. Burde G.I. (2004). On the use of Lie distinctions between cultivated and uncultivated bare surfaces. Remote Sensing of Environment, 90, 505

Prigozhin, Leonid

400

Ecological Applications, 20(4), 2010, pp. 11261135 2010 by the Ecological Society of America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Conservation, Energy, and Sustainability Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021 China 4 School cultivated for more than 7500 years. Based on long-term data sets, this study demonstrates that the dominant agricultural practice, winter wheat cropping, continues to be the primary driver for the massive soil erosion

Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Plant Cell, October 2009, www.plantcell.org 2009 American Society of Plant Biologists TEACHING TOOLS IN PLANT BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that frequently they no longer resemble their wild ances- tors. A cultivated field of any of our major crops to con- vert the energy from sunlight into chemi- cal energy has allowed plants to occupy a niche from grains, primarily rice, wheat, and corn, as well as some leg- umes. We grow our crops in areas

Bauwe, Hermann

402

Emergy analysis of grain production systems on large-scale farms in the North China Plain based on LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Traditionally, primary grain production systems in China have been on a small scale and are associated with high costs and low labor productivity. Therefore, the substitution of small-scale farming with large-scale farming has been discussed in recent years. The North China Plain (NCP) is one of the primary grain production areas in China, and the winter wheat–summer maize double-cropping system dominates the region. Emergy evaluation based on life cycle assessment (LCA) was introduced in a farm case study to explore the ecological and economic effects of the wheat–maize double-cropping system on large-scale grain production compared with small-scale production. The results indicated that the emergy efficiency of maize production on the large-scale farm was 67.4–88.5% higher than that of common maize production systems, and the emergy efficiency of wheat production in the same farm decreased by 23.5–43.0% compared to other wheat production systems. The emergy sustainability index (ESI) of the double-cropping system was 64.0–84.5% lower than that reported by household farms. This is caused by large-scale farming requiring enormous emergy inputs from irrigation, fertilizers, and labor at the pre-sowing and growth stages of wheat production. Nevertheless, the scenario analysis results showed that the emergy efficiency and ESI of wheat production could be improved by 14.7–59.1% and 18.2–123.3%, respectively, using appropriate water, nutrient, and agronomic management measures. We found that the emergy efficiency of wheat production in this large-scale farm was 41.5% higher than in household farms in the same area if comprehensive improvement measures were applied. In conclusion, the ESI value of the double-cropping system in the NCP needs to be modified to increase the emergy efficiency of large-scale grain production farms. If this is accomplished, the large-scale farming pattern may be applicable for grain production in the NCP.

Xiaolong Wang; Yuanquan Chen; Peng Sui; Wangsheng Gao; Feng Qin; Jiansheng Zhang; Xia Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot August 13, 2012 - 2:33pm Addthis By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What Is A Weed It's also known as a mouse-ear cress. The scientific name is Arababidopsis thaliana.

404

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

405

EA-1940: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced 0: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels EA-1940: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels SUMMARY Montana Advanced Biofuels (MAB) submitted an application to DOE for a Federal loan guarantee to support construction of a multi-feedstock biorefinery that would produce approximately 115 million gallons per year of ethanol in Great Falls, Montana. The biorefinery would utilize renewable biomass in the form of barley and wheat to produce ethanol and other by-products, including wheat gluten, barley bran, and barley meal. NOTE: The EA is cancelled because the applicant withdrew from the program. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOADS No downloads found for this office.

406

Reapers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reapers Reapers Nature Bulletin No. 759 June 6, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor REAPERS The early settlers in Illinois and Indiana grew corn, but not much wheat other than patches of it to be ground into flour by local grist mills. There was a reason. In those days wheat had to be sown, cut and threshed in virtually the same way as it had been for 6000 years -- by hand -- and that meant countless hours of monotonous backbreaking toil. The earliest tool for cutting grain was a long knife of wood or bone with flakes of flint inserted to give it a saw like edge. Late Stone Age people used curved flint tools similar to the sickles made by ancient Egyptians of bronze and, later, of steel. The Romans developed a two-handed scythe that was gradually improved until, after the Middle Ages, a cradle was added.

407

JGI - Why Sequence Mycosphaerella?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mycosphaerella? Mycosphaerella? Mycosphaerella is one of the largest genera of plant pathogenic fungi, having more than 1,000 named species, many of which cause economically important diseases in temperate and tropical crops. A few species of Mycosphaerella cause disease in humans and other vertebrates, so the genus is of interest both for human and plant health. Two species will be sequenced: M. graminicola (asexual stage: Septoria tritici), the cause of Septoria tritici blotch, one of the most common and important diseases of wheat worldwide; and M. fijiensis, the cause of black sigatoka, the most economically significant disease in banana plants. Losses caused by M. graminicola cost United States wheat growers more than $275 million every year. The estimated annual cost of fungicides applied against Septoria

408

Relationship between thermal behaviour of lignocellulosic components and properties of biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Five different biomass samples were selected for this study, including miscanthus, distillers dried grain (DDG), wheat shorts, wheat straw and UK wood. These samples were thermochemically treated to alter the lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose composition. Thermogravimetric tests were carried out on these samples to determine thermal behaviours of biomass and its individual lignocellulosic components. The relationship between thermal behaviour of biomass and its corresponding lignocellulosic composition was revealed. The reliability of this relationship was proved by thermogravimetric analysis of samples of artificial biomass prepared by mixing commercially obtained lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose at various blending ratios. It is shown that actual biomass profiles can be predicted with some degree of accuracy based on the lignocellulosic composition.

Cheng Heng Pang; Sanyasi Gaddipatti; Gregory Tucker; Edward Lester; Tao Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Carcass characteristics and meat quality attributes of rams maintained on processed deoiled mahua (Brassica latifolia) seed cake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sixteen crossbred rams were allotted to four groups with four animals in each. Rams in the control group were supplied requisite quantity of standard ration consisting of maize 32%, groundnut cake 32%, wheat bran 33%, mineral mixture 2% and common salt 1%. All animals were offered green fodder at the rate of 200 g and ad lib. wheat straw. Ten months feeding was followed by slaughter studies. Slaughter weight, edible and nonedible offals of rams did not differ significantly among different groups. A gradual decline tendency in dressed weight was not significant. Carcass length (60.63 to 62.75 cm) was not influenced by the dietary treatments. Higher (P DMSC), irrespective of treatment decreased the fat content of different cuts. Differences in salt-extractable proteins and nonprotein nitrogenous substances of meat were significant (P DMSC results in leaner carcasses, as desired by health-conscious people, and quality attributes of meat were not affected by the treatments.

V.Kesava Rao; S.S. Sengar; V.K. Jain; O.N. Agarawala

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Life cycle assessment of biohydrogen and biomethane production and utilisation as a vehicle fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental burdens for the production and utilisation of biomethane vehicle fuel or a biohydrogen/biomethane blend produced from food waste or wheat feed, based on data from two different laboratory experiments, have been compared. For food waste treated by batch processes the two stage system gave high hydrogen yields (84.2 l H2 kg?1 VS added) but a lower overall energy output than the single stage system. Reduction in environmental burdens compared with diesel was achieved, supported by the diversion of waste from landfill. For wheat feed, the semi continuously fed two stage process gave low hydrogen yields (7.5 l H2 kg?1 VS added) but higher overall energy output. The process delivers reduction in fossil fuel burdens, and improvements in process efficiencies will lead to reduction in CO2 burdens compared with diesel. The study highlights the importance of understanding and optimising biofuel production parameters according to the feedstock utilised.

Tim Patterson; Sandra Esteves; Richard Dinsdale; Alan Guwy; Jon Maddy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Feedstock, and Technology Diversity Feedstock, and Technology Diversity Pacific Ethanol Biochemical Wheat Straw/Corn Stover (Boardman, OR) Iogen Biochemical Wheat Straw (Shelly, ID) Blue Fire Biochemical Municipal Solid Waste (Corona, CA) Poet Biochemical Corn Stover (Emmetsburg, IA) Lignol Biochemical Wood Residues (Commerce City, CO) ICM Biochemical Switchgrass, Corn Stover (St. Joseph, MO) Abengoa Biochemical/ Thermo Ag Waste, Switchgrass (Hugoton, KS) DOE Joint Bioenergy Institute (Berkeley, CA) DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (Madison, WI) DOE Bioenergy Science Center (Oak Ridge, TN) Stora Enso North America Thermochemical Wood Chips (Wisconsin Rapids, WI) Range Fuels Thermochemical Wood Chips (Soperton, GA) Alico Thermochemical/Bio Citrus Waste (LaBelle, FL) Six Commercial-Scale Biorefinergy

412

More Economical Sulfur Removal for Fuel Processing Plants  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

enabled TDA to develop and commercialize its direct oxidation process-a simple, catalyst-based system for removing sulfur from natural gas and petroleum-that was convenient and economical enough for smaller fuel processing plants to use. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) of Wheat Ridge, CO, formed in 1987, is a privately-held R&D company that brings products to market either by forming internal business

413

The British Association  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Here were to be seen 1,290,000 acres of fine wheat-growing land yielding 18, 261,950 bushels, one-fifth of which comes to hungry England. Expectations have been ... occurred, and were attested by my own sober senses, and better still, by automatic record. I was like some two-dimensional being who might stand at the singular point of ...

1898-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fermentation guide for common grains: a step-by-step procedure for small-scale ethanol fuel production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This booklet covers in detail all the procedures prior to and including fermentation that are necessary to produce the highest possible yields from small-scale ethanol plants. Batch starch conversion of corn, barley, wheat, and milo using enzymes (..cap alpha..-amylase and glucoamylase) from bacteria and fungi is described. The types of yeast to use in fermenting the mash and the equipment and chemicals needed are detailed. Refinements that can help to improve ethanol production are presented. (DMC)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The role of germination in sorghum reconstitution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

activity. Ungerminated sorghum, like rice and maize, exhibits little or no amylase activity. By contrast, barley, wheat and rye seeds show significant activity. In germinating sorghum, alpha-amylase activity is always dominant, beta-amylase contributing... only 18-39~ of total amylolytic activity (Novellie 1960a). The ratio of beta to alpha is always lower than in other cereals, but varies with variety and germination temperature (Dyer and Novellie 1966). Amylase activity increases sharply, begin...

Pflugfelder, Richard Locks

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

Possibilities of coke manufacture in nonpollutant conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents some possibilities to obtain coke briquettes from anthracite, using as binders petroleum pitch, wheat flour, cement, plaster, ashes from power-plants dried from the electrofilters. Specific thermal post-treatment were proposed for each case, such as: oxidation or heating at low temperatures (under 300 C). As a result the authors obtained coke briquettes to be used in small equipment, with no pollutant pyrogenetic treatment.

Barca, F.; Panaitescu, C.; Vidrighin, C.; Peleanu, I. [Politehnica Univ. Bucharest (Romania); Albastroiu, P. [S.C. ICEM S.A., Bucharest (Romania)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

417

The use of nonmuscle proteins as binders in various meat systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vitality wheat gluten was used to replace 13/ of the meat in an otherwise all-meat flaked and formed steak-type product. In addition to the nonmuscle pro- eins, other additives (salt, tripolyphosphate and hydrolyzed plant pro- tein flavoring) were... springy than those cooked to 71'C. Flaked products made with additives were preferred over those made without additives, regardless of the addition of gluten or soy. Cooking shrinkage values tended to be lower for flaked products made with additives...

Crenwelge, Carolyn Hibbs

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

418

Recent advances in nutrition, with particular reference to protein metabolism, by Paul R. Cannon in collaboration with Earl P. Benditt [and others  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solute amounts and proportions of the essential amino acids in them or to their availability in the course of in testinal digestion. In consequence high-quality animal proteins are superior to those derived from cereals and legumes. Thus wheat.... In short, amino-acid in adequacies in the vegetable proteins presumably acted as limiting factors. Again (figure 2) when natural proteins and protein hydrolysates (enzymatically digested) were similarly com pared, there was a good tissue repletion...

Cannon, Paul Roberts

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

ESTABLISHMENT AND EVALUATION OF SWITCHGRASS ON RECLAIMED MINE SOIL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a native warm season perennial grass that has productive potential of up to 20 Mg ha-1 of biomass and it persists for decades when harvested once per year. Switchgrass provides excellent ground cover and soil stabilization once established and contributes to soil sequestration of new carbon. Slow establishment on newly reclaimed soil, however, provides for significant erosive opportunities thereby requiring initial soil stabilization with a cover crop. Several planting options were evaluated on two topsoil substitute soils. The planting options included: 1) an existing stand of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L.) that was killed with glyphosate followed by disking in red oxidized topsoil substitute and prime farmland topsoil respread in 2007, 2) red oxidized topsoil substitute was seeded directly with switchgrass, 3) browntop millet (Panicum ramosum) was established with switchgrass, 4) or switchgrass was established in senescing browntop millet or wheat without tillage. Switchgrass was successfully established into a bermudagrass sod that had been killed with herbicides and disked as well as into a senescing stand of browntop millet or wheat. Significant soil erosion occurred on the disked area in 2008 leading to considerable repair work followed by planting wheat. Disked areas that did not erode had an excellent stand of switchgrass with 23.3 plants m-2 in November, 2008. Eroded areas replanted in April, 2009 into senescing wheat had 46 plants m-2 by July, 2009. The area planted directly into newly respread soil in May, 2009 was eroded severely by a 75 mm thunderstorm and was repaired, disked and replanted to switchgrass and browntop millet. Switchgrass seeded with browntop millet had a sparse switchgrass stand and was replanted to switchgrass in August, 2009. Rainfall volumes from August, 2009 to October, 2009 totaled 750 mm, but new erosion damage in areas successfully planted to switchgrass has been minimal.

Lang, David; Shankle, Brandon; Oswalt, Ernest; Duckworth, Jeremy; Sanborn, Judd; Buell, Rebecca; Roberson, Bill

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

420

One Market or Many? Labor Market Integration in the Late Nineteenth-Century United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Pittsburgh. The midwestern cities are Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, and St. Paul. 13 Philip R. P. Coelho and James F. Shepherd, "Differences in Regional Prices: The Untied States, 1851... between cities than did wholesale prices. Data collected by the Department of Agriculture indicate that wholesale prices of pork and wheat varied by only 2 or 3 percentage points between Chicago, St. Louis, and Cincinnati, while wholesale prices...

Rosenbloom, Joshua L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The effect of government intervention on grain acreage supply response: the Argentine case, 1946/47-1979/80  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

esponsivemess of supply to relevent price movements. The difficulties encountered in supply analysis are increased when a governmnet interferes with a free and competitive market. Because of its past history of vacillating grain pricing policies, Argentina...-Managed and Market-Oriented Periods . . . . . . . 2. Wheat Acreage Response Equation for Market-Oriented (MO) vs. Market-Managed (MM) Years, Argentina, 1946/47 - 1979/80 . Page 44 47 3. Corn Acreage Response Equation for Market-Oriented (MO) vs. Market...

Wainio, John Torbert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

422

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of white maize inbreds, hybrids and synthetics under stress and non-stress environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correlations among traits across locations……………………………………………………………………………… 169 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the three most important cereal crops in the world together with wheat and rice. Global production of maize... reached 622 million metric tons in 2003-2004 (USDA-FAS, 2005). It is estimated that about 68% of the global maize area is in the developing world, but the developing world accounts for only 46% of the world’s maize production (Pingali and Pandey, 2001...

Makumbi, Dan

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

423

Costs of producing fruit in Alto Valle Del Rio Negro, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to alfalfa~ cereal grains, wheat, corn, and small amounts of grapes. Some fr~it was produced, but capital limitations restricted the growth of this enterprise g 14~ pp. 14-15+, The Southern Railroad Company created, the Cinco Saltos agricultural...'oduction of modern packing techniques, and development of local manufacture of specialized fruit-grading machines, are other examples Argentine Fruit Distributors was founded in 1928 by several Argentine rai, lroad companies to promote the de- velopment...

Bongiorno, Aldo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

In vivo calcium soap formation with two levels of fat and calcium and three types of fiber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wheat bran and cellulose-supplemented diets led to an increased fecal bulk (16). Thus, certain types of fibers may protect against colon cancer. Recently, dietary calcium has been thought to be protective against colon cancer; however, the mechanism... (lauric, linoleic, and oleic) intrarectally in mice. These acids led to inflammation and lysis of the epithelium. Eventually, colonic mitotic activity was increased. Since an increase in cell proliferation is associated with an increase...

Radulovich, Daniela

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Sorption of Deisopropylatrazine on Broiler Litter Biochars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Black carbon is composed of short stacks of polycyclic aromatic sheets “arranged in highly disordered fashion to form a poorly interconnected microporous network” and oxidized edge functional groups (3). ... In addition, sawdust-derived biochar (13) and wheat ash (9) amendments in soil enhanced the retention of agrochemicals such as atrazine, acetochlor, and diuron. ... Elemental composition (CHNSO) was determined by dry combustion using a Perkin-Elmer 2400 Series II CHNS/O analyzer (Perkin-Elmer, Shelton, CT). ...

Minori Uchimiya; Lynda H. Wartelle; Isabel M. Lima; K. Thomas Klasson

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

426

Monitoring of enzymatic hydrolysis of starch by microdialysis sampling coupled on-line to anion exchange chromatography and integrated pulsed electrochemical detection using post-column switching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quantitative evaluation of the hydrolysis of wheat starch using Termamyl, a thermostable {alpha}-amylase, is reported. Data from the monitoring of the hydrolysis of wheat starch indicated that, after 1 h, glucose and maltooligosaccharides up to DP 7 were the main hydrolysis products and thus enabled optimization of a liquefaction step during the production of L-lactic acid. The monitoring system used, both in the on- and off-line mode, was based on continuous flow microdialysis sampling (CFMS) coupled to anion exchange chromatography and integrated pulsed electrochemical detection (IPED). A microdialysis probe equipped with a 5-mm polysulfone (SPS 4005) membrane, with a molecular-weight cut-off of 5 kDa, was used to sample the hydrolysis products of native wheat starch at 90 C. Characteristic fingerpoint separations were achieved by anion exchange chromatography after enzymatic hydrolysis. Post-column switching improved the detection and, consequently, also quantification of the hydrolysates as fouling of the electrode could be reduced. Maltooligosaccharide standards were used for quantification and to verify the elution of the hydrolysates by spiking the off-line samples.

Torto, N.; Gorton, L.; Emneus, J.; Laurell, T. [Univ. of Lund (Sweden)] [Univ. of Lund (Sweden); Marko-Varga, G. [Astra Draco AB, Lund (Sweden). Bioanalytical Chemistry] [Astra Draco AB, Lund (Sweden). Bioanalytical Chemistry; Akerberg, C.; Zacchi, G. [Univ. of Lund (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Lund (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; [Lund Inst. of Tech. (Sweden)

1997-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

427

Ethanol production for automotive fuel usage. Final technical report, July 1979-August 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of ethanol from potatoes, sugar beets, and wheat using geothermal resources in the Raft River area of Idaho was evaluated. The south-central region of Idaho produces approximately 18 million bushels of wheat, 1.3 million tons of sugar beets, and 27 million cwt potatoes annually. A 20-million-gallon-per-year ethanol facility has been selected as the largest scale plant that can be supported with the current agricultural resources. The conceptual plant was designed to operate on each of these three feedstocks for a portion of the year, but could operate year-round on any of them. The processing facility uses conventional alcohol technology and uses geothermal energy for all process heating. There are three feedstock preparation sections, although the liquefaction and saccharification steps for potatoes and wheat involve common equipment. The fermentation, distillation, and by-product handling sections are common to all three feedstocks. Maximum geothermal fluid requirements are approximately 6000 gpm. It is anticipated that this flow will be supplied by nine production wells located on private and BLM lands in the Raft River KGRA. The geothermal fluid will be flashed from 280/sup 0/F in three stages to supply process steam at 250/sup 0/F, 225/sup 0/F, and 205/sup 0/F for various process needs. Steam condensate plus liquid remaining after the third flash will be returned to receiving strata through six injection wells.

Stenzel, R.A.; Yu, J.; Lindemuth, T.E.; Soo-Hoo, R.; May, S.C.; Yim, Y.J.; Houle, E.H.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Lectin-functionalized poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-block-poly(vinyldimethyl azlactone) surface supports for high avidity microbial capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPS) play a critical and dynamic role in shaping the interactions between microbial community members and their local environment. The capture of targeted microbes using surface immobilized lectins that recognize specific extracellular oligosaccharide moieties offers a non-destructive method for functional characterization based on EPS content. In this report, we evaluate the use of the block co-polymer, poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-block-4,4-dimethyl-2-vinylazlactone (PGMA-b-PVDMA), as a surface support for lectin-specific microbial capture. Arrays of circular polymer supports ten micron in diameter were generated on silicon substrates to provide discrete, covalent coupling sites for Triticum vulgare and Lens culinaris lectins. These supports promoted microbe adhesion and colony formation in a lectin-specific manner. Silicon posts with similar topography containing only physisorbed lectins showed significantly less activity. These results demonstrate that micropatterned PGMA-b-PVDMA supports provide a unique platform for microbial capture and screening based on EPS content by combining high avidity lectin surfaces with three-dimensional topography.

Hansen, Ryan R [ORNL] [ORNL; Hinestrosa Salazar, Juan P [ORNL] [ORNL; Shubert, Katherine R [ORNL] [ORNL; Morrell, Jennifer L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Pelletier, Dale A [ORNL] [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL] [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL; Lokitz, Bradley S [ORNL] [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Impact of Agricultural Practice on Regional Climate in a CoupledLand Surface Mesoscale Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The land surface has been shown to form strong feedbacks with climate due to linkages between atmospheric conditions and terrestrial ecosystem exchanges of energy, momentum, water, and trace gases. Although often ignored in modeling studies, land management itself may form significant feedbacks. Because crops are harvested earlier under drier conditions, regional air temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture, for example, affect harvest timing, particularly of rain-fed crops. This removal of vegetation alters the land surface characteristics and may, in turn, affect regional climate. We applied a coupled climate(MM5) and land-surface (LSM1) model to examine the effects of early and late winter wheat harvest on regional climate in the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility in the Southern Great Plains, where winter wheat accounts for 20 percent of the land area. Within the winter wheat region, simulated 2 m air temperature was 1.3 C warmer in the Early Harvest scenario at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Soils in the harvested area were drier and warmer in the top 10 cm and wetter in the 10-20 cm layer. Midday soils were 2.5 C warmer in the harvested area at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Harvest also dramatically altered latent and sensible heat fluxes. Although differences between scenarios diminished once both scenarios were harvested, the short-term impacts of land management on climate were comparable to those from land cover change demonstrated in other studies.

Cooley, H.S.; Riley, W.J.; Torn, M.S.; He, Y.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Long-term climate change impacts on agricultural productivity in eastern China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are expected to induce significant climate change over the next century and beyond, but the impacts on society remain highly uncertain. This work examines potential climate change impacts on the productivity of five major crops in northeastern China: canola, corn, potato, rice, and winter wheat. In addition to determining domain-wide trends, the objective is to identify vulnerable and emergent regions under future climate conditions, defined as having a greater than 10% decrease and increase in productivity, respectively. Data from the ICTP RegCM3 regional climate model for baseline (1961-1990) and future (2071-2100) periods under A2 scenario conditions are used as input in the EPIC agro-ecosystem simulation model in the domain [30ºN, 108ºE] to [42ºN, 123ºE]. Simulations are performed with and without the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect. Results indicate that aggregate potential productivity (i.e. if the crop is grown everywhere) increases 6.5% for rice, 8.3% for canola, 18.6% for corn, 22.9% for potato, and 24.9% for winter wheat, although with significant spatial variability for each crop. However, absent the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect, potential productivity declines in all cases ranging from 2.5-12%. Interannual yield variability remains constant or declines in all cases except rice. Climate variables are found to be more significant drivers of simulated yield changes than changes in soil properties, except in the case of potato production in the northwest where the effects of wind erosion are more significant. Overall, in the future period corn and winter wheat benefit significantly in the North China Plain, rice remains dominant in the southeast and emerges in the northeast, potato and corn yields become viable in the northwest, and potato yields suffer in the southwest with no other crop emerging as a clear beneficiary from among those simulated in this study.

Chavas, Daniel R.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Thomson, Allison M.; Gao, Xuejie

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Applicant Organization:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Iogen Biorefinery Partners, LLC Iogen Biorefinery Partners, LLC Corporate HQ: Arlington, VA Proposed Facility Location: Shelley, Idaho Description: This project from a leading enzyme player will demonstrate a scaled up biochemical process with the flexibility to process a wide range of agricultural residues into cellulose ethanol. CEO or Equivalent: Brian Foody Participants: Iogen Corporation, Goldman Sachs; Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company; Others Production: * 18 million gallons/year in the first plant, 250 million gallons/year in future plants * Cellulose ethanol & co-products in first plant; future plants to be primarily cellulose ethanol Technology & Feedstocks: * Agricultural residues: wheat straw, barley straw, corn stover, switchgrass and rice

432

The Nature of Power Synthesizing the History of Technology and Environmental History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Minneapolis mill. First, let us walk through the ruins to trace the path of energy. Nuclear fusion in the sun sent energy to earth in the form of light. Wheat plants captured solar energy and transformed it into chemical energy by storing it in bonds between... action even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action.”11 In his view, power is socially determined, related to but not necessarily dependent on material inputs, and defined in relation to the ability of others.12 This view...

Russell, Edmund P.; Allison, James; Finger, Thomas; Brown, John K.; Balogh, Brain; Carlson, W. Bernard

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluation of Potential Genotoxicity of Virgin Olive Oil (VOO) Using the Drosophila Wing-Spot Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this view, recently, two olive oil samples, one virgin and one refined, were comparatively studied with a series of vegetable oils (sesame, sunflower, wheat germ, flax, and soy oil) employing the Drosophila melanogaster somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) (3). ... HPLC analysis was carried out on a system consisting of two Marathon IV series HPLC pumps (Rigas Laboratories, Thessaloniki, Greece) and a Rheodyne injection valve (model 7125) with a 20 ?L fixed loop (Rheodyne, Cotati, CA). ... Frankel, E. N. Lipid Oxidation; Frankel, E. N., Ed.; The Oily Press: Dundee, U.K., 1998. ...

Ilias Kounatidis; Vassiliki T. Papoti; Nikolaos Nenadis; Gerasimos Franzios; Mariangella Oikonomou; Fedra Partheniou; Maria Tsimidou; Penelope Mavragani-Tsipidou

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

434

Cooking with Dry Beans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-77 12/08 Cooking with Dry Beans Dry beans are nutritious and inexpensive. They are also very low in fat and sodium. Dry beans are great sources of fiber, folic acid, and protein. Cooked dry beans are also a good source of iron. To get the most... protein from the beans, serve them along with grain foods such as corn, rice or wheat. A serving size of cooked dry beans is ? cup. Uses Use beans as a tasty side dish or include it in casseroles, soups, and salads. Beans are often packaged in 1-pound...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

435

Trend of Taxes on Farm and Ranch Real Estate in Texas, 1890-1946.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to farming. It is noteworthy that taxes have increased less since 1913 on a percentage basis in type-of-farming areas in East Texas than in West Texas, a characteristic which may be as- sociated with the trend toward less intensive land uses in East Texas... and more extensive uses in certain sections in West Texas. The largest increases in trrves between 1913 and 1946 have oc- curred in the High Plains Cotton Area, the Lower Rio Grande Valley, the Corpus Christi Cotton Area and the Panhandle Wheat Area...

Cherry, Robert Gregg; Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.)

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Utilization of sorghum grain protein and amino acids by cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

differ with solubility of the protein. Casein and gelatin were digested most rapidly, soya protein and wheat gluten were intermediate and prolamine was the least digestible in the rumen. protein solubility studies done in India (Virupaksha and Sastry... since Little et al. (1963) reported that protein digestibility was directlv related 'to pro'tain solubi'ity. Birupaksha and Sastry 37 TABLE 19. REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS AND INT RCEI'TS FOR T. ". UE AND APPARENT DIGESTIBILITY OF c4+ilNO ACIDS. Amino...

Henderson, Glen Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

437

"'We Are Woman': Girl, Maiden, Matron in Aegean Art"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Artemis. 6 The Tiryns ring also combines a depiction of the sun and a crescent moon above what I have termed a “heaven line” 7 that also includes asterisms (stars, shooting stars, or comets) or wheat ears. The acute form of the crescent moon suggests...,” Levant 11 (1979) 167-71; ID., “Highs and lows in the Holy Land: opium in Biblical times,” Eretz-Israel. Archaeological, Historical and Geographic Studies 20 (1989) 148-54. All three articles are reprinted in R.S. MERRILLEES, On Opium, Pots, People...

Younger, John G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Digestibility as a factor affecting bioavailability of food proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information about the resulting products which range in size from free amino acids to large molecular weight peptides. Studies of Forsum and Hambraeus (27) show that diges- tion products of protein are not always amino acids or small peptides when diets... of gliadin and glutenin. Three grams of wheat gluten (Teklad Test Diets, Madison, WI), was stirred magnetically with 117 ml of 70/ ethanol for 3 hrs. The resulting solu- tion was centrifuged at 700 X g for 30 min and the cloudy supernatant was dialyzed...

Padmanabhan, Dhanakoti

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

The effects of certain factors influencing diapause and development of laboratory cultures of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella Saund  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pink bollwarms reared on wheat-germ diets. 16. Percentage of larvae in IIiapause and fat, content of pink ball- woxms removed from en 8$ F. environment at different periads during larval development and rearsII for the remainder of ths larval... period was spout in sn 8$"F. environment. 69 19. Percentage 61apauss result1ug from ths separate exposure of each pink bollwoxm larval instor to 6g F. temperature ~ 20. Percentage 61apauss and length of developmental period of pink boliwarms exposed...

Bull, Don Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

440

Grain Sorghum By-Product Feeds for Farm Animals.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of feeding trials with farm animals from 1945 throug 1951 to determine the nutritional value and feed usage of the$ bv-products. These experiments were supported in part h grants-in-aid and gifts of by-product feeds from the Cor Products Refining Company... by grants-in-aid from the Corn Products Refining Company. GRAIN SORGHUM BY-PRODUCT FEEDS FOR FARM ANIMALS GRAIN SORGHUM 80.5 million bu. I\\ \\I 30.55% total \\ WHEAT 59.6 million bu. 27.16 % total CORN / 64.3 million bu. Figure 3. Ten-year average...

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Ancient and Modern Agriculture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

those based u p o n t h e identical plan t h a t I Moses had. 1 B e f o r e t h e farmers succeed, t h e y m u s t I follow "Book-Farming," and get their com- m a n d s and examples f r o m t h e oldest record o f man,-the BIBLE.... With proper ware- ;e facilities for cotton and elevators for wheat, and a sales organization, ; maintained by the fruit growers of California, the net profits from e two crops may be greatly increased-. taug pros be d These Biblical references...

Short, A. K.

1923-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A comparison of two lung clearance models based on the dissolution rates of oxidized depleted uranium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this thesis. I would also like i. o express m/ appreciation to Dr. Richard Cuddihy ai the inhalation Toxicology Research Inst. itute for his assisiance in tIIe development of th1S thesis. I wou'Id also 11ke to thanl: Nr. I loyd wheat and Nr. Kev1n Durgett... uranium (OU) in lung f)uid simulani. in a efi'ort to gather data which r ouId be used to determine the pulmonary to blood t ransfer rate of inhaled oxidized OU. This information was taken one step further by utilizing the data in two biomathematical...

Crist, Kevin Craig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

The European Community feed grain substitute problem: an econometric analysis of import demand for feedstuffs in the European Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-62, Overall and 1976-78 278 C-2. Derived Two-State Least Squares Reduced-Forms from the TSLS1 (Barley-FGS) Model 279 C-3. Derived Two-Stage Least Squares Reduced-Forms from the TSLS2 (Corn-FGS) Model 281 C-4. Derived Two-Stage Lease Squares Reduced... wheat, barley, corn, oats sorghum, soybeans, soybean meal, snd cassava supply and demand averages for 1975-78 in 1, 000 metric tons and percentages . 122 Actual and Estimated Quantity of United States Corn Imported into the European Community 208...

Tucker, James Leroy

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Group Risk Plan (GRP) Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sorghum, soybeans and wheat. Coverage Levels A grower selects a specific dollar amount of protection per acre and one of the five coverage levels (70, 75, 80, 85 or 90 percent). The specific dollar amount of protection per acre ranges from 60 to 100... percent of the maximum dollar amount of protection shown in the county?s actuarial table. Generally, the maximum dollar amount of protection will be 150 percent of the expected county yield, valued at the market price elected under the APH plan...

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

445

Evaluating chemical and physical properties of grain dust for use in an explosion hazard indicator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0, um P 30. 0 40. 0 50. 0 FIG. l Hlnimum explosive concentration as a function of particle diameter and distance between particles, the highest levels measured at transfer points. From studies at Texas AFM University, Parnell and 8arton (1979... ) found dust levels in wheat and grain sorghum from a terminal elevator vary from 1000 to 5000 grams of dust less than 100 um per metric ton of grain (2 to 10 pounds per ton). Levels of dust in grain sorghum samples collected by Parnell (1981...

Plemons, Dorothy Sue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Modelling the energy performance of a farm-scale cellulose to ethanol process with on-site cellulase production and anaerobic digestion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A farm-scale process for converting wheat straw to ethanol was modelled to assess its energy performance. The process incorporates the on-site production of crude unprocessed liquid cellulase produced via solid-state fermentation, and the anaerobic digestion of process residues to supply heat and electricity. Results include energy yield ratios from 6 to 9, reductions of 80–90 % in the energy required to produce and transport the cellulase compared to commercial preparations, and a net surplus of on-site heat and electricity. From these improvements in process efficiency, environmental benefits follow.

Mitchell Lever

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The Plant Variety Protection Act: Information for Texas Small Grain Producers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

also are protected by Title V of the Federal Seed Act. Under Title V, sales of non-certified seed of Title V pro- tected varieties are illegal. Can a protected variety be legally sold or bought as Variety Not Stated (VNS) wheat seed? No. The PVPA... to plant their own holdings (land they own, rent or lease) or, if planting plans changes, sell this amount of saved seed to neighbors. All seed sales must com- ply with state laws, including Title V. Information for Texas Small Grain Producers ? 1994...

Brown, Steve; Morgan, Gaylon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

448

Saving an Underground Reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant part of the region?s agricultural economy. Though the area has few rivers and lakes, underneath it lies a supply of water that has provided groundwater for developing this economy. This underground water, the Ogallala Aquifer, is a finite.... ?We have already seen isolat- ed areas that have no irrigation water remaining and the economy has been crushed.? The region produces about 4 percent of the nation?s corn, 25 percent of the hard red winter wheat, 23 per- cent of the grain sorghum...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Marker-assisted breeding: Accelerating the results of 21st century technology to growers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reproducible and sensitive way and then reduce this information to a description at the molecular level,? he said ?Invest- ments in genome science technologies will help move research programs beyond simple information gathering to knowledge generation... is extremely promising. I?m a li#22;le apprehensive since this is our #24;rst time to use digital genotyping in wheat, but I?m ready to jump in with both feet.? Technological advancement Mullet said he o#17;en asks his students, ?What technology has been...

Kalisek, Danielle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Cell Wall Recipe: A Lesson on Biofuels  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Students will investigate how changes in the DNA sequence that codes for cell wall formation can have a favorable outcome in producing plants that have higher levels of cellulose than the parent plant. The cellulose yield is most important in the production of ethanol: the greater the amount of cellulose within the cell wall, the greater the amount of ethanol that can be produced. To engage students, the first part of this lesson has students participating in a discovery activity where they will extract DNA from wheat germ.

451

Production Practices for Irrigated Crops on the High Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the farms are equipped with row-crop tractors. Some farmers who grow wheat extensively on heavy soils also own wheatland type tractors. Of the row-crop tractors in use, approximately 55 percent were equipped for 4-row work and 45 percent for 2-row work...). Prior to 1949, none of the cotton on cooperating farms was defoliated. Eleven percent of the acreage was defoliated during 1949 in preparation for machine stripping. Labor and Bower Requirements Cotton was produced entirely with row-crop tractors...

Bonnen, C. A.; McArthur, W. C.; Magee, A. C.; Hughes, W.F.

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Achieving Deep Cuts in the Carbon Intensity of U.S. Automobile Transportation by 2050: Complementary Roles for Electricity and Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Achieving Deep Cuts in the Carbon Intensity of U.S. Automobile Transportation by 2050: Complementary Roles for Electricity and Biofuels ... Electricity could supply the majority of daily fuel demand through the use of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), while biofuels could fuel long trips or travel in areas with insufficient charging infrastructure. ... To assess the likely reduction in reliance on gasoline, we estimate the quantity of Miscanthus, corn stover, and wheat straw available for conversion to fuel and compare the resulting volume of ethanol with the quantity of ethanol necessary to replace all conventional gasoline used for passenger automobiles with E85. ...

Corinne D. Scown; Michael Taptich; Arpad Horvath; Thomas E. McKone; William W. Nazaroff

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

453

Effects of Genotype and Environment on the Contents of Betaine, Choline, and Trigonelline in Cereal Grains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the environmental and genetic variation in methyl donor contents and compositions of 200 cereal genotypes. ... (25) This study provides an unrivaled database of the detailed composition of grain of wheat and other cereals. ... Agronomic treatments were standard for the individual sites, with 110 kg of N/ha being applied in Poland, 204 kg of N/ha in the United Kingdom, 200 kg of N/ha in France, and 140 kg of N/ha in Hungary and appropriate use of agrochemicals. ...

Delia-Irina Corol; Catherine Ravel; Mariann Raksegi; Zoltan Bedo; Gilles Charmet; Michael H. Beale; Peter R. Shewry; Jane L. Ward

2012-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

Rice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rice Rice Nature Bulletin No. 364-A January 10, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation RICE The Biblical saying, "All flesh is grass", is food for thought. Civilization depends on agriculture; and agriculture, fundamentally, depends upon the seeds of grasses that were originally wild: principally wheat, rice and corn; to a lesser extent upon barley, rye, oats and millet, These are the cereal grains that feed us. The seeds, stems and leaves of these and other grasses also sustain the animals upon which we depend for meat. Millet and, later, barley were apparently the first grains to be cultivated but civilization really arrived, probably 10, 000 years ago, when man learned how to grow wheat. He learned how to make bread, the staff of life. About the same time, in southeastern Asia, he learned how to cultivate rice and boil it for food. To lessen his labor, he invented the plow, the wheel and the cart. Here in the western hemisphere he domesticated maize, which we call corn. Until those times the land would not support relatively dense populations nor the central cities that advanced the progress of civilization.

455

Phytosiderophore Effects on Subsurface Actinide Contaminants: Potential for Phytostabilization and Phytoextraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project seeks to understand the influence of phytosiderophore-producing plants (grasses, including crops such as wheat and barley) on the biogeochemistry of actinide and other metal contaminants in the subsurface environment, and to determine the potential of phytosiderophore-producing plants for phytostabilization and phytoextraction of actinides and some metal soil contaminants. Phytosiderophores are secreted by graminaceous plants such as barley and wheat for the solubilization, mobilization and uptake of Fe and other essential nutrients from soils. The ability for these phytosiderophores to chelate and absorb actinides using the same uptake system as for Fe is being investigated though characterization of actinide-phytosiderophore complexes (independently of plants), and characterization of plant uptake of such complexes. We may also show possible harm caused by these plants through increased chelation of actinides that increase in actinide mobilization & migration in the subsurface environment. This information can then be directly applied by either removal of harmful plants, or can be used to develop plant-based soil stabilization/remediation technologies. Such technologies could be the low-cost, low risk solution to many DOE actinide contamination problems.

Ruggiero, Christy

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Ethanol Production for Automotive Fuel Usage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conceptual design of the 20 million gallon per year anhydrous ethanol facility a t Raft River has been completed. The corresponding geothermal gathering, extraction and reinjection systems to supply the process heating requirement were also completed. The ethanol facility operating on sugar beets, potatoes and wheat will share common fermentation and product recovery equipment. The geothermal fluid requirement will be approximately 6,000 gpm. It is anticipated that this flow will be supplied by 9 supply wells spaced at no closer than 1/4 mile in order to prevent mutual interferences. The geothermal fluid will be flashed in three stages to supply process steam at 250 F, 225 F and 205 F for various process needs. Steam condensate plus liquid remaining after the third flash will all be reinjected through 9 reinjection wells. The capital cost estimated for this ethanol plant employing all three feedstocks is $64 million. If only a single feedstock were used (for the same 20 mm gal/yr plant) the capital costs are estimated at $51.6 million, $43.1 million and $40. 5 million for sugar beets, potatoes and wheat respectively. The estimated capital cost for the geothermal system is $18 million.

Lindemuth, T.E.; Stenzel, R.A.; Yim, Y.J.; Yu, J.

1980-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

04JBMBE04-1104  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARTICLE Copyright © 2010 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy Vol. 4, 1-6, 2010 Near Infrared Spectroscopy as a Screening Tool for Sugar Release and Chemical Composition of Wheat Straw J. Lindedam 1 2 ∗ , S. Bruun 1 , J. DeMartini 3 , H. Jørgensen 2 , C. Felby 2 , B. Yang 3 4 , C. E. Wyman 3 , and J. Magid 1 1 Plant and Soil Science Laboratory, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark 2 Wood and Biomass Science, Forest and Landscape, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark 3 Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside CA 92507, USA 4 Now at Center for Bioproducts

458

DOE Joint Genome Institute: A DOE Office of Science User Facility of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE Joint Genome Institute DOE Joint Genome Institute Latest News R. irregularis December 20, 2013 A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA. Amborella trichopoda, a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific, is the only plant in its family and genus. It is also one of the oldest flowering plants, having branched off from others about 200 million years ago. more... R. irregularis November 25, 2013 How Scavenging Fungi Became a Plant's Best Friend. Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on this soil-dwelling symbiotic fungus to survive, including critical agricultural crops such as wheat,

459

EIS-0407: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Environmental Impact Statement Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0407: Final Environmental Impact Statement Abengoa Biorefinery Project near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas DOE's Proposed Action is to provide federal funding to Abengoa Bioenergy Biomass of Kansas, LLC (Abengoa Bioenergy) to support the design, construction, and startup of a commercial-scale integrated biorefinery to be located near the city of Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas. If DOE decides to provide federal funding, it would negotiate an agreement with Abengoa Bioenergy to provide up to $71 million, subject to annual appropriations, of the total anticipated cost of approximately $685 million (2009 dollars). The biorefinery would use lignocellulosic biomass (corn stover, wheat straw) as feedstock to produce ethanol and biopower (electricity)

460

Data:C1297158-c8c3-43fc-9333-13b54c8217f1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-c8c3-43fc-9333-13b54c8217f1 8-c8c3-43fc-9333-13b54c8217f1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: IRRIGATION Multi Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to electric service used for water pumping loads for agricultural irrigation purposes. Demand Charge: April 1 - per month $8.5 September 16 - March 31- [No demand charge] Source or reference: http://www.wheatbelt.com/index.php?pg=rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

JGI - News Releases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News Releases News Releases December 20, 2013 A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA. Amborella trichopoda, a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific, is the only plant in its family and genus. It is also one of the oldest flowering plants, having branched off from others about 200 million years ago. November 25, 2013 How Scavenging Fungi Became a Plant's Best Friend. Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on this soil-dwelling symbiotic fungus to survive, including critical agricultural crops such as wheat, cassava, and rice. November 22, 2013

462

Southern California Institute of Architecture and California Institute of Technology Solar Decathlon 2011 Menu and Recipes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SCI-Arc/Caltech Dinner Competition Menus and Recipes Dinner 1 Menu Custom Laser Cut 1/16" Basswood 11" x 3" Produce: Tomatoes Cabbage Onions Limes Cilantro Red and green peppers Black beans Meat: Talapia Wheat: Flour tortillas Tortilla chips Rice Dairy: Light sour cream Adobo sauce from chipotle peppers Comprehensive List of Ingredients Dinner 1 Condiments and Spices: Extra virgin olive oil Distilled white vinegar Lime juice Lime zest Honey Garlic Cumin Chilli powder Black pepper Salt Old Bay Seafood seasoning Oregano Dessert: Pre-made churro dough Drinks: Sparkling and still water Sierra Mist Coke Diet Coke Horchata Equipment: Bosch Cooktop Food processor Hand mixer RECIPE - CHIPS and GUACAMOLE Ingredients 3 Haas avocadoes, halved, seeded and peeled 1 lime, juiced 1/2 teaspoon salt

463

Microsoft Word - ThisWeek02.04.13.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4, 2013 4, 2013 Carbon Dioxide Capture Sorbent Successful in Field Tests In cooperation with NETL, product developers at TDA Research Inc. (Wheat Ridge, CO) have produced a novel sorbent that selectively removes CO 2 above the dew point of synthesis gas. The sorbent is a carbon matrix grafted with surface functional groups to remove CO 2 by physical adsorption. With no chemical bonds involved, the sorbent can be regenerated isothermally by pressure and/or concentration swings, requiring one third less energy than amine-based solvents and one sixth less than chemical sorbents. The TDA research team optimized the sorbent formulation and developed a manufacturing process based on high-throughput production equipment. The sorbent completed more than 11,650 adsorption-regeneration cycles at

464

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Model April 3, 2013 The important relationships between climate change and agriculture are uncertain, particularly the feedbacks related to the carbon cycle. Nevertheless, vegetation models have not yet considered the full impacts of management practices and nitrogen feedbacks on the carbon cycle. We are working to meet this need. We have integrated three crop types (corn, soybean, and spring wheat) into the Community Land Model (CLM). In developing the agriculture version of CLM, we added plant processes related to management practices and nitrogen cycling. A manuscript documenting our changes to CLM has been accepted for publication in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions ("Modeling

465

Pre-Application to PROGRAM SOLICITATION (PS) DE-PS26-02NT15377  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production Improvement from Increased Permeability Using Engineered Biochemical Production Improvement from Increased Permeability Using Engineered Biochemical Secondary Recovery Methodology in Marginal Wells of the East Texas Field Final Report Reporting Period Start Date: July 1, 2003 Reporting Period End Date: December 31, 2004 By Dr. R.L. Bassett, President TENECO Energy, LLC and William S. Botto, President MICRO-TES, Inc. Issue Date: April 29, 2005 USDOE Award No. DE-FG26-03NT15440 Submitted by: TENECO Energy, LLC, 3760 Vance St. Suite 200, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-6275, and MICRO-TES, Inc., 12500 Network, Suite 201, San Antonio, TX 78249-3307 1 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United State Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their

466

Feature - WATER Tool Released  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources (WATER) Tool Released Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources (WATER) Tool Released Argonne National Laboratory recently released an open access online tool called WATER (Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources), which quantifies water footprint of fuel production stages from feedstock production to conversion process for biofuel with county, state, and regional level spatial resolution. WATER provides analysis on water consumption and its impact on water quality. It contains biofuel pathways for corn grain ethanol, soybean biodiesel, and cellulosic ethanol produced from corn stover and wheat straw. Perennial grass (Switchgrass and Miscanthus) and forest wood residue-based biofuel pathways are currently under development. The WATER tool enables users to conduct pathway comparison, scenario development, and regional specific feedstock analysis in supporting of biofuel industry development and planning. It is available at http://water.es.anl.gov/.

467

Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Demonstrates Cost-Saving Benefits Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Demonstrates Cost-Saving Benefits June 2, 2011 - 3:45pm Addthis One of Riley County Public Works' new wind turbines. | Courtesy of: Riley County Public Works One of Riley County Public Works' new wind turbines. | Courtesy of: Riley County Public Works Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs It turns out there's more to harvest in Kansas than just the wheat and soybeans. As one of the windiest states in the country, it's a great place to harness wind and solar power. And through the Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program, the

468

Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genome Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon The International Brachypodium Initiative* Three subfamilies of grasses, the Ehrhartoideae, Panicoideae and Pooideae, provide the bulk of human nutrition and are poised to become major sources of renewable energy. Here we describe the genome sequence of the wild grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium), which is, to our knowledge, the first member of the Pooideae subfamily to be sequenced. Comparison of the Brachypodium, rice and sorghum genomes shows a precise history of genome evolution across a broad diversity of the grasses, and establishes a template for analysis of the large genomes of economically important pooid grasses such as wheat. The high-quality genome sequence, coupled with ease of cultivation and transformation, small size and rapid life cycle, will help Brachypodium reach its

469

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

41 - 5750 of 28,905 results. 41 - 5750 of 28,905 results. Download CX-000351: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 12/10/2009 Location(s): Austin, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000351-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-000292: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell - Based Combined Heat and Power Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 12/10/2009 Location(s): Wheat Ridge, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000292-categorical-exclusion-determination

470

Modifying Proteins to Combat Disease | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Higher Temperature at the Earth's Core Higher Temperature at the Earth's Core Clues about Rheumatoid Arthritis Damage Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Modifying Proteins to Combat Disease JANUARY 22, 2013 Bookmark and Share Structure of the human PRMT5:MEP50 hetero-octameric complex bound to a substrate peptide and a cofactor analog. Cartoon representations of the PRMT5 monomers are colored blue, green, wheat, and yellow, while the MEP50 molecules are in red. Highlighted in stick representation are the substrate peptide derived from histone H3 in magenta, and the cofactor analog in orange. Transmitting from one generation to the next the genetic message encoded in

471

EIS-0407: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: Record of Decision 7: Record of Decision EIS-0407: Record of Decision Issuance of a Loan Guarantee to Abengoa Bioenergy Biomass of Kansas, LLC for the Abengoa Biorefinery Project Near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas (October 2011) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announces its decision to issue a $134 million loan guarantee under Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) to Abengoa Bioenergy Biomass of Kansas, LLC (Abengoa) for construction and start-up of a cellulosic ethanol plant near Hugoton, Kansas (Project). The integrated biorefinery will use a combination of biomass feedstocks, such as corn stover and wheat straw, to produce cellulosic ethanol and to generate sufficient electricity to power the facility. The Project site comprises approximately 810 acres of

472

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association Mid-West Electric Consumers Association 4350 Wadsworth Blvd., Suite 330, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Tel: (303) 463-4979 Fax: (303) 463-8876 April 1, 2009 Transmission Infrastructure Program Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228-8213 Comments on the Proposed Adoption of a Transmission Infrastructure Program The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Western Area Power Administration's ("Western" or "WAPA") two Federal Register notices: Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments, and Notice of Availability of Request for Interest (FRN), published March 4, 2009 (pp. 9392-9393). The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association was founded in 1958 as the regional

473

The outlook for crops (and biofuels and policy and...)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Jarrett Whistance Jarrett Whistance EIA Biofuels Workshop 20 March 2013  Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute at the University of Missouri (FAPRI-MU)  Objective policy analysis  Focus on how policies affect decisions, then estimate market impacts  Recently released annual baseline  10-year projection of agricultural and biofuel markets  Stochastic process to account for different assumptions in oil price, weather patterns, etc.  Cellulosic model basics  Key assumptions in the biofuel model  Focus on cellulosic waiver options  Implications of cellulosic waiver options  A look at the 2013 Baseline results  Cellulosic biofuel production based on supply of five feedstocks:  Warm-season grasses; Wheat straw; Corn stover;

474

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3, 2012 3, 2012 The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! What is the Energy Department doing in mobile, APIs, and responsive design? August 13, 2012 By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Scientists study roots of common weeds, also known as the "lab rat" of the

475

Biomass/Biogas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass/Biogas Biomass/Biogas < Biomass Jump to: navigation, search Agricultural residues are defined as the residues from production of the following crops. * Corn * Wheat * Soybeans * Cotton * Sorghum * Barley * Oats * Rice * Rye * Canola * Beans * Peas * Peanuts * Potatoes * Safflower * Sunflower * Sugarcane * Flaxseed Forest residues are defined as logging residues and other removals. These include material already utilized as well as material that is disposed as waste. Logging residues are the unused portions of trees cut by logging (tops and branches) and left to be burned or decay in the woods. Other removals include trees removed as a part of thinning projects, land clearings, and forest health uses that are not directly associated with round wood product harvests. Primary mill residues include wood materials

476

EIS-0407: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0407: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Abengoa Biorefinery Project Near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas DOE's Proposed Action is to provide federal funding to Abengoa Bioenergy Biomass of Kansas, LLC (Abengoa Bioenergy) to support the design, construction, and startup of a commercial-scale integrated biorefinery to be located near the city of Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas. If DOE decides to provide federal funding, it would negotiate an agreement with Abengoa Bioenergy to provide approximately $85 million of the total anticipated cost of approximately $300 million (2008 dollars). The biorefinery would use lignocellulosic biomass (corn stover, wheat straw) as feedstock to produce ethanol and biopower (electricity) sufficient to meet the needs of

477

NETL: LabNotes - July 2008  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

July 2008 July 2008 NETL Researchers Focus on Combining Coal and Biomass in Co-Gasification Todd Gardner is one of the NETL researchers studying co-gasification of various types of coal and biomass. Todd Gardner is one of the NETL researchers studying co-gasification of various types of coal and biomass. He's holding pelletized corn stover. Two other types of biomass are in the containers: poplar dust and switchgrass. Researchers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory are looking at ways to combine the natural resources of coal and biomass - biomass including such growing things as wheat straw, corn stover, switchgrass, mixed hardwood and distillers' dried grains with corn fiber, and even algae - but avoid the emission of carbon dioxide.

478

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Diesel Auxiliary Power Unit Demonstration - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Dan Hennessy (Primary Contact), Jim Banna Delphi Automotive Systems, LLC 300 University Drive m/c 480-300-385 Auburn Hills, MI 48326 Phone: (248) 732-0656 Email: daniel.t.hennessy@delphi.com DOE Managers HQ: Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Phone: (202) 586-5463 Email: Dimitrios.Papageorgopoulos@ee.doe.gov GO: David Peterson Phone: (720) 356-1747 Email: David.Peterson@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-EE0000478 Subcontractors: * Electricore, Inc., Valencia, CA * PACCAR, Inc., Bellevue, WA * TDA Research, Inc., Wheat Ridge, CO Project Start Date: August 1, 2009 Project End Date: April 30, 2013 Objectives

479

Energy Secretary Bodman Kicks Off "Energizing America for Energy Security"  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

"Energizing America for Energy "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour with Visit to Habitat for Humanity "Net-Zero Energy Home" Energy Secretary Bodman Kicks Off "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour with Visit to Habitat for Humanity "Net-Zero Energy Home" June 13, 2005 - 4:51pm Addthis WHEAT RIDGE, COLORADO - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today kicked off the "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour with a visit to Habitat for Humanity's first "true net-zero energy home" to highlight the need to improve energy efficiency, a key component of President Bush's National Energy Policy (NEP). The NEP calls for using energy wisely by increasing energy conservation and efficiency. "Increasing energy efficiency is a critical element of the comprehensive

480

Feedstocks (Poster), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Feedstocks Feedstocks Customized milling and continuous handling of a wide variety of feedstocks Integrated Biorefi nery Research Facility | NREL * Golden, Colorado | December 2011 | NREL/PO-5100-53598 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Offi ce of Energy Effi ciency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Photo by Warren Gretz, NREL/PIX 10446 Photo by Warren Gretz, NREL/PIX 00459 Photo by Warren Gretz, NREL/PIX 05754 Feedstock handling capabilities * We have experience working with: - Perennials - switchgrass, sorghum, and others - Crop residue - corn stover, bagasse, wheat straw - Forestry biomass - hickory, poplar, oak * Our mill takes dry material from large super sacks and mills the feedstock to a variety of sizes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat triticum aestivum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Demonstrates Cost-Saving Benefits Resourceful Kansas Puts Energy Efficient Technology on Display, Demonstrates Cost-Saving Benefits June 2, 2011 - 3:45pm Addthis One of Riley County Public Works' new wind turbines. | Courtesy of: Riley County Public Works One of Riley County Public Works' new wind turbines. | Courtesy of: Riley County Public Works Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs It turns out there's more to harvest in Kansas than just the wheat and soybeans. As one of the windiest states in the country, it's a great place to harness wind and solar power. And through the Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program, the

482

Slide 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

feedstock and technology diversity feedstock and technology diversity Legend Company Name Process Technology Feedstock Type (Site Location) * Acquired by NewPage Corporation Six Commercial-Scale Biorefinery Projects; DOE will invest up to $385 million P j t Four Small-Scale Biorefinery Projects; DOE will invest up to $114 million (first round) Three Bio-Energy Centers; DOE will invest up to $405 million Alico Thermochemical/Bio Citrus Waste (LaBelle, FL) Range Fuels Thermochemical Wood Chips (Soperton, GA) DOE BioEnergy Science Center (Oak Ridge, TN) Abengoa Biochemical/Thermo Ag Waste, switchgrass (Hugoton, KS) Blue Fire Biochemical Municipal Solid Waste (Corona, CA) Iogen Biochemical Wheat Straw (Shelley, ID) Poet Biochemical Corn Stover (Emmetsburg, IA) ICM Biochemical Switchgrass, Corn Stover (St. Joseph, MO) Lignol

483

The Future of Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Future of Biofuels The Future of Biofuels The Future of Biofuels Addthis Description Secretary Chu discusses why feedstock grasses such as miscanthus could be the future of biofuels. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu Duration 1:46 Topic Biofuels Bioenergy Credit Energy Department Video SECRETARY STEVEN CHU: This is a photograph of a perennial grass called miscanthus. It was grown without irrigation, without fertilizer. And in the autumn, you just shave it off. You use that to convert it to ethanol. The amount of ethanol in this particular plot of land outside the University of Illinois produces 15 times more ethanol than a similar plot of land if you grew corn, and the energy inputs are far less. So we need to develop methods in order to use these grassy, woody substances and also agricultural waste - wheat straw, rice straw, corn

484

A Novel CO2 Separation System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Novel CO Novel CO 2 Separation System Robert J. Copeland (copeland@tda.com 303-940-2323) Gokhan Alptekin (galtpekin@tda.com 303 940-2349) Mike Cesario (czar@tda.com 303-940-2336) Yevgenia Gershanovich (ygershan@tda.com 303-940-2346) TDA Research, Inc. 12345 West 52 nd Avenue Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033-1917 Project Summary NEED Concern over global climate change has led to a need to reduce CO 2 emissions from power plants. Unfortunately, current CO 2 capture processes reduce the efficiency with which fuel can be converted to electricity by 9-37%, and CO 2 capture costs can exceed $70 per tonne 1 of CO 2 (Herzog, Drake, and Adams 1997). OBJECTIVE To generate electricity with little reduction in conversion efficiency while emitting little or no CO 2 to the atmosphere, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) is developing a Novel CO

485

Secretary of Energy to Kick Off "Energizing America for Energy Security"  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Kick Off "Energizing America for Energy to Kick Off "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour Secretary of Energy to Kick Off "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour June 9, 2005 - 2:28pm Addthis Will Speak Directly to the American People on the Need to Pass the Energy Bill WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced the "Energizing America for Energy Security" Tour. Secretary Bodman and other Department of Energy officials, including Deputy Secretary Clay Sell, will travel the country this summer to speak directly to the American people about the need for Congress to pass comprehensive energy legislation before the August Congressional recess. Secretary Bodman will kick off the tour outside of Denver on Monday, June 13, 2005 in Wheat Ridge, Colo.

486

Data Assimilation R. L. Coulter, T. J. Martin, and D. R. Cook  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

R. L. Coulter, T. J. Martin, and D. R. Cook R. L. Coulter, T. J. Martin, and D. R. Cook Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL 60439 To investigate these problems, ARM science team members conducted two field studies near Boardman, Oregon, during June of 1991 and 1992. The site was chosen to provide strong contrasts in surface moisture while minimizing the differences in topography. The region, described in detail by Doran et al. (1992), consists of a substantial dry steppe (desert) upwind of an extensive area of heavily irrigated farm land, 15 km in width and divided into 800-m-diameter circular fields in a close packed array, in which wheat, alfalfa, corn, or potatoes were grown (Figure 1). A full rotation of the irrigation arm was completed approximately once every 28 or 35 h during the growing season. This region provides marked

487

ARM - Field Campaign - Complex Layered Cloud Experiment (CLEX)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsComplex Layered Cloud Experiment (CLEX) govCampaignsComplex Layered Cloud Experiment (CLEX) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Complex Layered Cloud Experiment (CLEX) 1996.06.20 - 1996.07.02 Lead Scientist : Graeme Stephens Data Availability TABLE 1 Locations and Status of Extended Facilitiesa SMOS(c) Comments Site Elevation(b) Latitude, Surface Flux SIROS(c) (m) Longitude Type Station(c) (deg) Larned, KS 632 38.202 N Wheat ECOR Yes Yes Power and communication center EF-1 99.316 W 9/95 9/95 9/95 installation planned for July 1995 Hillsboro, 450 38.306 N Pasture EBBR 8/95 No Yes 8/95 Power and communication center

488

CX-008382: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

82: Categorical Exclusion Determination 82: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008382: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bridgeport-Sidney 115 Kilovolt Line Rejected Pole Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/16/2012 Location(s): Nebraska Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region Western Area Power Administration (Western) regularly inspects the structures that support our transmission lines and occasionally needs to replace structures that have failed these inspections. To avoid an outage caused by the failure of shell rotted poles, Western will conduct pole replacements on three structures in the Bridgeport-Sidney 115 kilovolt line. The structure numbers are 134, 24, and 14. The work will be done in mid- summer 2012 to avoid disrupting the landowner's wheat harvest.

489

Small Hydropower Systems: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse (EREC) Fact Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

you're considering building a small you're considering building a small hydropower system on water flowing through your property, you have a long tradition from which to draw your inspi- ration. Two thousand years ago, the Greeks learned to harness the power of running water to turn the massive wheels that rotated the shafts of their wheat flour grinders. And in the hydropower heyday of the 18th century, thousands of towns and cities worldwide were located around small hydropower sites. Today, small hydropower projects offer emissions-free power solutions for many remote communities throughout the world-such as those in Nepal, India, China, and Peru-as well as for highly industrialized countries, like the United States. This fact sheet will help you determine whether a small hydropower system will

490

Influence of heavy natural radioactive nuclides introduced in soil with labelled fertilizers and ameliorants on cytogenetic effects in plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of heavy natural radioactive nuclides (STYU, STSTh, SSWRa, S Po, and S Pb) in labeled fertilizers and ameliorants on the number of meiotic chromosome aberrations was studied in field experiments on the major crop plants, wheat, barley and corn. The mining and use of coal and oil and the processing of raw materials in the production of rare and nonferrous metals produce high quantities of wastes with an elevated content of natural radionuclides. One possible way for technogenically altering the natural radiation background of soil is the active utilization of phosphorus fertilizers in agriculture, and also the use, as fertilizers and ameliorants of wastes from nonferrous metallurgy, of the ash from heat and power plants and various intermediates from the chemical industry. The authors conclude that the introduction of labeled ammophos, nitrophos and phosphogypsum, which raised the soil background concentration of the specified elements, produced an increase in the number of cells with meiotic chromosome aberrations.

Arkhipov, N.P.; Bazylev, V.V.; Bobrikova, E.T.; Fevraleva, L.T.; Kal'chenko, VA.; Shevchenko, V.A.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Moisture Metrics Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

the goal of this project was to determine the optimum moisture levels for biomass processing for pellets commercially, by correlating data taken from numerous points in the process, and across several different feedstock materials produced and harvested using a variety of different management practices. This was to be done by correlating energy consumption and material through put rates with the moisture content of incoming biomass ( corn & wheat stubble, native grasses, weeds, & grass straws), and the quality of the final pellet product.This project disseminated the data through a public website, and answering questions form universities across Missouri that are engaged in biomass conversion technologies. Student interns from a local university were employed to help collect data, which enabled them to learn firsthand about biomass processing.

Schuchmann, Mark

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

492

Genome sequence analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon: insights into grass genome evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three subfamilies of grasses, the Erhardtoideae (rice), the Panicoideae (maize, sorghum, sugar cane and millet), and the Pooideae (wheat, barley and cool season forage grasses) provide the basis of human nutrition and are poised to become major sources of renewable energy. Here we describe the complete genome sequence of the wild grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium), the first member of the Pooideae subfamily to be completely sequenced. Comparison of the Brachypodium, rice and sorghum genomes reveals a precise sequence- based history of genome evolution across a broad diversity of the grass family and identifies nested insertions of whole chromosomes into centromeric regions as a predominant mechanism driving chromosome evolution in the grasses. The relatively compact genome of Brachypodium is maintained by a balance of retroelement replication and loss. The complete genome sequence of Brachypodium, coupled to its exceptional promise as a model system for grass research, will support the development of new energy and food crops

Schulman, Al

2009-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

493

Xylans inhibit enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials by cellulases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hemicelluloses have been found to be physical barriers in the hydrolysis of cellulose, and prevent the access of enzymes to cellulose surface. In addition, soluble hemicelluloses may strongly inhibit the cellulase activity. In this work, birchwood xylan clearly inhibited the enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw, Avicel and nanocellulose by cellulases. Hydrolysis efficiencies of cellobiohydrolase I (CBHI, from Thermoascus aurantiacus), cellobiohydrolase II (CBHII, from Trichoderma reesei) and endoglucanase II (from T. aurantiacus) were clearly inhibited by birchwood xylan, respectively. The strongest inhibitory effect of birchwood xylan was observed on the hydrolysis of Avicel by CBHI and CBHII, as a dramatically decreased formation of the main product, cellobiose. After additions of soluble and insoluble oat spelt xylan, cleaved cellobiose units by CBHI from cellulose chain decreased from 8 to 4 and 6, respectively. The results in this work demonstrated that xylans clearly inhibited the hydrolysis efficiencies of both endoglucanase and cellobiohydrolase.

Junhua Zhang; Ming Tang; Liisa Viikari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Thermogravimetric investigation on characteristic of biomass combustion under the effect of organic calcium compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Experiments were conducted in a thermogravimetric analyzer to investigate thermal behavior of different organic calcium compounds (OCCs) and its blended fuels with three kinds of biomass. The effectiveness of synthesized method for OCC was assessed by the pyrolysis test. Effect of the mole ratio of calcium to sulfur on co-combustion characteristics was studied. Results indicated that preparation method of modified calcium acetate (MCA) had high precision and accuracy. Co-combustion characteristic of \\{OCCs\\} blended with biomass was controlled by OCCs’ additive amount and the content of volatile matter which is mainly composed of small hydrocarbon molecules. Combustion performance indexes for peanut shell and wheat straw impregnated by \\{OCCs\\} were improved, however, an inverse trend was found for rice husk because of lower additive amount of OCCs. The blended fuel show higher combustion performance indexes compared with combustion of individual biomass, and these indexes decrease with increases of Ca/S ratio.

Lihui Zhang; Feng Duan; Yaji Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Thermochemical and trace element behavior of coal gangue, agricultural biomass and their blends during co-combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The thermal decomposition behavior of coal gangue, peanut shell, wheat straw and their blends during combustion were determined via thermogravimetric analysis. The coal gangue/agricultural biomass blends were prepared in four weight ratios and oxidized under dynamic conditions from room temperature to 1000 °C by various heating rates. Kinetic models were carried out to evaluate the thermal reactivity. The overall mass balance was performed to assess the partition behavior of coal gangue, peanut shell and their blends during combustion in a fixed bed reactor. The decomposition processes of agricultural biomass included evaporation, release of volatile matter and combustion as well as char oxidation. The thermal reactivity of coal gangue could be improved through the addition of agricultural biomass in suitable proportion and subsequent appropriate heating rate during combustion. In combination with the heating value and base/acid ratio limitations, a blending ratio of 30% agricultural biomass is conservatively selected as optimum blending.

Chuncai Zhou; Guijian Liu; Siwei Cheng; Ting Fang; Paul Kwan Sing Lam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

NETL: Utilization Projects - Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material In pursuit of developing value added products from sulfite-rich scrubber material, e.g., low-density panels, carpet underlayment, siding, pre-cast building material, lumber panels, particle and wafer type boards, the following four experimental tasks are proposed: A comprehensive characterization of sulfite-rich scrubber materials produced by power plant generation. Specifically, the mercury, selenium, arsenic, boron, and organic content will be monitored The sulfite-rich scrubber material will be combined with cheap but renewable agricultural byproducts like micronized core fibers and/or micronized wheat straw, and the composites will be formulated by exploiting the natural polymers of the byproducts. The conditions under which structural composites can be formulated using injection molding and compressive molding will be evaluated.

497

Durra Building Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Durra Building Systems Durra Building Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Durra Building Systems Place Whitewright, Texas Zip 75491 Product Creates contruction panels from wheat straw using a patented production process. Coordinates 33.512685°, -96.393299° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.512685,"lon":-96.393299,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

498

Comparative study of mycelial growth and basidiomata formation in seven different species of the edible mushroom genus Hericium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential of using several agricultural by-products as supplements of sawdust substrate for the production of edible mushroom Hericium was evaluated using seven Hericium species. All the tested supplements (rice bran, wheat bran, barley bran, Chinese cabbage, egg shell, and soybean powder) were found to be suitable for the mycelial growth of all the tested species. In mycelial growth, soybean powder was the best supplement for Hericium americanum, Hericium coralloides, and Hericium erinaceum while barley bran was the best for Hericium alpestre, Hericium laciniatum, and Hericium erinaceus. For Hericium abietis, rice bran and Chinese cabbage was the best. The possibility of mushroom production on oak sawdust substrate with 20% rice bran supplement was demonstrated with H. coralloides, H. americanum, H. erinaceus, and H. erinaceum which showed 26–70% biological efficiency. Our results also showed that strain selection is important to improve biological efficiency and mushroom yield in Hericium cultivation.

Han Gyu Ko; Hyuk Gu Park; Sang Ho Park; Chang Won Choi; Seong Hwan Kim; Won Mok Park

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Organic fertilizer effects on growth, crop yield, and soil microbial biomass indices in sole and intercropped peas and oats under organic farming conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a field experiment, peas (Pisum sativum L.) and oats (Avena sativa L.) were grown as sole crops and intercrops, fertilized with horse manure and yard-waste compost derived from shrub and garden cuttings at 10 t C ha?1 each. The objectives were to compare the effects of these organic fertilizer and cropping system in organic farming on (a) yield of peas and oats, grown as the sole crop or intercropped, as well as N2 fixation and photosynthetic rates, (b) the yield of wheat as a succeeding crop, (c) microbial biomass indices in soil and roots, and (d) microbial activity estimated by the CO2 evolution rate in the field and the amount of organic fertilizers, recovered as particulate organic matter (POM). In general, organic fertilizer application improved nodule dry weight (DW), photosynthetic rates, N2 fixation, and N accumulation of peas as well as N concentration in oat grain. Averaged across fertilizer treatments, pea/oat intercropping significantly decreased nodule DW, N2 fixation and photosynthetic rate of peas by 14, 17, and 12%, respectively, and significantly increased the photosynthetic rate of oats by 20%. However, the land equivalent ratio (LER) of intercropped peas and oats exceeded 1.0, indicating a yield advantage over sole cropping. Soil microbial biomass was positively correlated with pea dry matter yields both in sole and intercropped systems. Organic fertilizers increased the contents of microbial biomass C, N, P, and fungal ergosterol in soil and CO2 production, whereas the cropping system had no effects on these microbial indices. According to the organic fertilizer recovered as POM, 70% (manure) and 64% (compost) of added C were decomposed, but only 39% (manure) and 13% (compost) could be attributed to CO2–C during a 101-day period. This indicated that horse manure was more readily available to soil microorganisms than compost, leading to increased grain yields of the succeeding winter wheat.

Ramia Jannoura; Rainer Georg Joergensen; Christian Bruns

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Evaluation of terrestrial microcosms for assessing the fate and effects of genetically engineered microorganisms on ecological processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project evaluates and modifies the existing US Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances (EPA/OPTS) terrestrial microcosm test system and test protocols such that they can be used to determine the environmental fate and ecological hazards of genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs). The intact soil-core microcosm represents terrestrial ecosystems, and when coupled with appropriate test protocols, such microcosms may be appropriate to define and limit risks associated with the intentional release of GEMs. The terrestrial microcosm test system was used to investigate the survival and transport of two model GEMs (Azospirillum lipoferum and Pseudomonas sp. Tn5 mutants) to various trophic levels and niches and through intact soil cores. Subsequent effects on nutrient cycling and displacement of indigenous microorganisms were evaluated. The model organisms were a diazotrophic root-colonizing bacterium (A. lipoferum) and a wheat root growth-inhibiting rhizobacterium (Pseudomonas sp.). The transposable element Tn5 was used as a genetic marker for both microorganisms in two separate experiments. The organisms were subjected to transposon mutagenesis using a broad host-range-mobilizable suicide plasmid. The transposon Tn5 conferred levels of kanamycin resistance up to 500 ..mu..g/ml (Pseudomonas sp.), which allowed for selection of the bacteria from environmental samples. The presence of Tn5 DNA in the genome of the model GEMs also allowed the use of Tn5 gene probes to confirm and enumerate the microorganisms in different samples from the microcosms. Two types of root growth-inhibiting Pseudomonas sp. Tn5 mutants were obtained and used in microcosm studies: those that lacked the ability to inhibit either wheat root growth or the growth of other microorganisms in vitro (tox/sup /minus//) and those which retained these properties (tox/sup +/). 53 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Fredrickson, J.K.; Bentjen, S.A.; Bolton, H. Jr.; Li, S.W.; Ligotke, M.W.; McFadden, K.M.; Van Voris, P.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z