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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

afex-treated wheat straw: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1. INTRODUCTION Ammonia treatment of straws increases Boyer, Edmond 2 Combustion of pellets from wheat straw CiteSeer Summary: The alternative energy sources are more and more...

2

Distributed Physical and Molecular Separations for Selective Harvest of Higher Value Wheat Straw Components Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.) is an abundant source of plant fiber. It is regenerated, in large quantities, every year. At present, this potentially valuable resource is greatly under-exploited. Most of the excess straw biomass (i.e., tonnage above that required for agronomic cropping system sustainability) is managed through expensive chopping/tillage operations and/or burnt in the field following harvest, resulting in air pollution and associated health problems. Potential applications for wheat straw investigated within this project include energy and composites manufacture. Other methods of straw utilization that will potentially benefit from the findings of this research project include housing and building, pulp and paper, thermal insulation, fuels, and chemicals. This project focused on components of the feedstock assembly system for supplying a higher value small grains straw residue for (1) gasification/combustion and (2) straw-thermoplastic composites. This project was an integrated effort to solve the technological, infrastructural, and economic challenges associated with using straw residue for these bioenergy and bioproducts applications. The objective of the research is to contribute to the development of a low-capital distributed harvesting and engineered storage system for upgrading wheat straw to more desirable feedstocks for combustion and for straw-plastic composites. They investigated two processes for upgrading wheat straw to a more desirable feedstock: (1) an efficient combine-based threshing system for separating the intermodal stems from the leaves, sheaths, nodes, and chaff. (2) An inexpensive biological process using white-rot fungi to improve the composition of the mechanically processed straw stems.

N /A

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

3

Distributed Physical and Molecular Separations for Selective Harvest of Higher Value Wheat Straw Components Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.) is an abundant source of plant fiber. It is regenerated, in large quantities, every year. At present, this potentially valuable resource is greatly under-exploited. Most of the excess straw biomass (i.e., tonnage above that required for agronomic cropping system sustainability) is managed through expensive chopping/tillage operations and/or burnt in the field following harvest, resulting in air pollution and associated health problems. Potential applications for wheat straw investigated within this project include energy and composites manufacture. Other methods of straw utilization that will potentially benefit from the findings of this research project include housing and building, pulp and paper, thermal insulation, fuels, and chemicals. This project focused on components of the feedstock assembly system for supplying a higher value small grains straw residue for (1) gasification/combustion and (2) straw-thermoplastic composites. This project was an integrated effort to solve the technological, infrastructural, and economic challenges associated with using straw residue for these bioenergy and bioproducts applications. The objective of the research is to contribute to the development of a low-capital distributed harvesting and engineered storage system for upgrading wheat straw to more desirable feedstocks for combustion and for straw-plastic composites. We investigated two processes for upgrading wheat straw to a more desirable feedstock: (1) An efficient combine-based threshing system for separating the internodal stems from the leaves, sheaths, nodes, and chaff. (2) An inexpensive biological process using white-rot fungi to improve the composition of the mechanically processed straw stems.

Hess, J.R

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

4

Modification of wheat straw in a high-shear mixer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wheat straw (WS) was treated in a pilot-scale continuous mixer to disrupt the lignin-hemicellulose-cellulose (LHC) complex. An efficient and practical method was desired to remove lignin and hemicellulose (pentosans) rapidly and efficiently from the lignocellulose complex and to make the cellulose accessible to enzymatic hydrolysis. Milled WS in the presence of various chemicals in aqueous solutions was extruded from the mixer under several processing conditions. Chemicals used were sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium sulfide (Na/sub 2/S), anthraquinone (AQ), anthrahydroquinone (AHQ), hexamethylenediamine (HMDA), hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA), hydrogen peroxide (H/sub 2/O/sub 2/), and ferrous ammonium sulfate (FAS), which were used alone and in selected combinations. Concomitantly, WS was treated in laboratory batches using similar reaction conditions, except for mixing shearing. In extrusion treatments of WS at 20% concentration at 97/sup 0/C for 5.5 min with NaOH (15.7%, dry WS basis), NaOH (15.7%) + AHQ (0.3%), and NaOH (12.7%) + Na/sub 2/S (5.0%), 64-72% of the WS lignin and 36-43% of the pentosans were removed from aqueously washed extrudates (residues). This compares with 46-56% and 23-27%, respectively, for batch treatments. AHQ and Na/sub 2/S enhanced delignification. Cellulase treatment of the residues, which contai

Carr, M.E.; Doane, W.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation Into the Wheat Straw Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulping is the black liquor residue. Regarding the black liquor, a by-product of wheat straw pulping, Vibratory Shear Enhanced Process (VSEP) shows that lignin and hemicelluloses can be extracted from the blackUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation

6

Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from wheat straw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cultivar variation and selection potential relevant to the production of cellulosic ethanol from Sugar Wheat straw Variation Cultivar a b s t r a c t Optimizing cellulosic ethanol yield depends Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Decreasing the cost of producing cellulosic ethanol

California at Riverside, University of

7

Post-Harvest Processing Methods for Reduction of Silica and Alkali Metals in Wheat Straw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silica and alkali metals in wheat straw limit its use for bioenergy and gasification. Slag deposits occur via the eutectic melting of SiO2 with K2O, trapping chlorides at surfaces and causing corrosion. A minimum melting point of 950°C is desirable, corresponding to SiO2:K2O of about 3:1. Mild chemical treatments were used to reduce Si, K, and Cl, while varying temperature, concentration, %-solids, and time. Dilute acid was more effective at removing K and Cl, while dilute alkali was more effective for Si. Reduction of minerals in this manner may prove economical for increasing utilization of the straw for combustion or gasification.

Thompson, David Neal; Lacey, Jeffrey Alan; Shaw, Peter Gordon

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Grinding energy and physical properties of chopped and hammer-milled barley, wheat, oat, and canola straws  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, specific energy for grinding and physical properties of wheat, canola, oat and barley straw grinds were investigated. The initial moisture content of the straw was about 0.13–0.15 (fraction total mass basis). Particle size reduction experiments were conducted in two stages: (1) a chopper without a screen, and (2) a hammer mill using three screen sizes (19.05, 25.4, and 31.75 mm). The lowest grinding energy (1.96 and 2.91 kWh t-1) was recorded for canola straw using a chopper and hammer mill with 19.05-mm screen size, whereas the highest (3.15 and 8.05 kWh t-1) was recorded for barley and oat straws. The physical properties (geometric mean particle diameter, bulk, tapped and particle density, and porosity) of the chopped and hammer-milled wheat, barley, canola, and oat straw grinds measured were in the range of 0.98–4.22 mm, 36–80 kg m-3, 49–119 kg m-3, 600–1220 kg m-3, and 0.9–0.96, respectively. The average mean particle diameter was highest for the chopped wheat straw (4.22-mm) and lowest for the canola grind (0.98-mm). The canola grinds produced using the hammer mill (19.05-mm screen size) had the highest bulk and tapped density of about 80 and 119 kg m-3; whereas, the wheat and oat grinds had the lowest of about 58 and 88–90 kg m-3. The results indicate that the bulk and tapped densities are inversely proportional to the particle size of the grinds. The flow properties of the grinds calculated are better for chopped straws compared to hammer milled using smaller screen size (19.05 mm).

J.S. Tumuluru [Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Biofuels and Renewable Energy Technologies Dept.; L.G. Tabil [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; Y. Song [Shenyang Agricultural University (China). Coll. of Engineering; K.L. Iroba [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; V. Meda [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

VALIDATION OF FIRESIDE PERFORMANCE INDICES: FOULING/CORROSION EVALUATION OF MDF PARTICLEBOARD AND BLENDS WITH WHEAT STRAW BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sauder Woodworking currently fires a large portion of all wood wastes in a boiler producing process steam. It is investigating using particleboard made from wheat straw in its manufacturing process and is concerned with the effects of the inorganics on its boiler. Wheat straw board contains higher ash contents and increased levels of potassium, creating concern over fouling characteristics in Sauder's tight boiler design. In addition, the wheat straw board contains high concentrations of chlorine, which may affect boiler tube corrosion when fired in combination with the particleboard wastes currently generated. Sauder has engaged the services of the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota to investigate the potential detrimental effects of firing blends containing wheat straw on boiler tube fouling and corrosion. Additional funding for this project was provided through the U.S. Department of Energy Jointly Sponsored Research Program (DOE JSRP) project ''Validation of Fireside Performance Indices'' to validate, improve, and expand the PCQUEST (Predictive Coal Quality Effects Screening Tool) program. The PCQUEST fuel database is constantly expanding and adding new fuels, for which the algorithms may need refinement and additional verification in order to accurately predict index values. A key focus is on performing advanced and conventional fuel analyses and adding these analyses to the PCQUEST database. Such fuels include coals of all ranks and origins, upgraded coals, petroleum coke, biomass and biomass-coal blends, and waste materials blended with coal. Since there are differences in the chemical and mineral form of the inorganic content in biomass and substantial differences in organic matrix characteristics, analysis and characterization methods developed for coal fuels may not be applicable. The project was seen to provide an excellent opportunity to test and improve the ability of PCQUEST to handle nontypical soil and biomass minerals.

Christopher J. Zygarlicke; Jay R. Gunderson; Donald P. McCollor

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT OF WHEAT STRAW ON PILOT PLANT SCALE Anders Thygesena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for production of sugars for bio ethanol and an alkali free solid material for combustion in an incineration for 15 min, 18% of the hemicellulose and 5% of the cellulose were extracted. When 200 g straw glucose/100 g straw (~83% of the original cellulose) and 16 g xylose/100 g straw (~58% of the original

11

Direct Comparison of Alfalfa Nitrogen Credits to Corn and Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Station Ashland Ag Research Station #12;Alfalfa N credits to corn: · Infrequent fertilizer N responses Rate Aug Sep lb/a --------- bu/a --------- 15 48 48 35 55 43 55 52 51 75 62 49 Ashland, 2001

Balser, Teri C.

12

Fattening Lambs on Corn, Milo, Hegari, Wheat, and Oats, with Cottonseed Cake and Alfalfa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT A. B. CONNER, DIRECT01 COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY BULLETIN NO. 465 DIVISION OF RANGE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY Fattening Lambs on Corn, Milo, Megari, Wheat, and Oats, with Cottonseed Cake and Alfalfa AGRICULTURAL.... **In cooperation with U. S. Department of Agriculture. ??On leave. $In cooperation with Texas Extension Service. Four feeding trials were conducted to compare lamb-fatten- ng rations using different common grains with alfalfa hay .s the roughage...

Mackey, A. K. (Arthur Kapp); Jones, J. M. (John McKinley)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Dust suppression characteristics of mineral oil when applied to corn, wheat, or soybeans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and must be added repeatedly. Several water applications could raise the mo i stu re content of grain to the point of encouraging mold growth. Peterson (1977) reported that an average worker wi 1 1 breathe from 4 to 10 m of air during an eight hour work... Jones, B. S. , Texas Al!M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Calvin B. Parnell, Jr. Corn, wheat, and soybean samples weighing 454 g each were treated with mineral oil at rates of 50, 100, 200, 400, and 600 ppm and grain dust...

Jones, David Don

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Influence of three types of treated straw on intake and growth rate in beef cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of three types of treated straw on intake and growth rate in beef cattle WX Zhang JK Yuan treated wheat straw (AS), an untreated wheat straw (US), and a microbe-fermented wheat straw (MS). Thirty.544 (AS), 0.479 (US) and 0.551 (MS). It is concluded that both urea and microbe treated straw can

Boyer, Edmond

15

List of publications 1. Sun, L., Mller, B. and Schnrer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat straw community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

List of publications 1. Sun, L., MĂŒller, B. and SchnĂŒrer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat biogas digesters. Biores. Technol. 132, 327­332 4. Manzoor, S., MĂŒller, B., Niazi A., Bongcam-Rudloff E of syntrophic acetate- oxidising culture in biogas reactors exposed to increasing levels of ammonia. Applied

16

Ammonia and urea treatment of wheat straw and corn stover JP Fontenot E Gallo Llorente, JM Obamahinti, VG Allen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by ammoniation directly or by urea treatment, but the improvement appears to be greater for ammonia than urea

Boyer, Edmond

17

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen MA but little is known about the fate of lignins. The aim of this work was to study the transformation of 14C lignins of wheat straw by ruminal bacteria and fungi. Cell walls of wheat straw apical internodes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIanJenniferLeslieEnergy Loan LossProjects | Clean energy can

19

Winter Weed Pressure in Winter Wheat Edward Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26 Wheat ** ** * Barley *** * * Oats *** ** Canola * * * Lentil * * ** Millet ** ** Corn Beyond PrePare Maverick (Field Bioassay) #12;LENTIL OAT PEA CAMELINA CANOLA BARLEY PowerFlex ROTATIONAL

Maxwell, Bruce D.

20

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Wheat croissants,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Wheat croissants, applesauce, straw- berry jam Fruit salad, celery 2 Lunch Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 Tomato soup, grilled cheese, kiwi, carrot sticks 2 Pizza, carrot

Liu, Taosheng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Broccoli and Corn Bake Ingredients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

broccoli, frozen, thawed 20 low sodium whole-wheat crackers 1 egg, beaten 5 ounces evaporated skim milk and pour into a colander. Rinse under cool water to remove salt, set aside to drain. 3. Place crackers milk and add to egg. Beat until well mixed. 5. Add corn, thawed broccoli, half of the crushed crackers

Liskiewicz, Maciej

22

Producing Pine Straw in East Texas Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing pine forests for the production of pine straw is a promising new enterprise in East Texas. This publication explains the processes and equipment needed to harvest and market pine straw....

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

23

FIELD TO FUEL Bioenergy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TO FUEL Bioenergy Wheat straw, corn stover, prairie grasses, wood chips, and logging residues - all are left over mate- rial from various agricultural and industrial operations....

24

Owens Corning  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining|ActionOWENS CORNING GOVERNMENT

25

Pine Straw as a Ground Cover Mulch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or half a pound of straw per square foot. An additional inch of pine straw may be applied each year for best appearance. A 40-pound bale will typically cover about 100 square feet (a 10- by 10-foot bed) to a 2-inch depth. For the same amount of coverage... using pine straw may be $1.60 to $4.60 per 10- by 10- foot bed (or 1.6? to 4.6? per square foot). Texas pine straw is available mainly to landscap- ers, but a retail market is developing and it will likely become more available at garden centers...

Taylor, Eric; Tate, Jay

2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

26

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3] sinapic acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3, 118, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France In order to investigate the fate of lignin during lignin in the dark or in the light. Batches of 5 wheat-straw upper internodes (flowery stage) were

Boyer, Edmond

27

Corn Hybrids for Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Corn Hybrid$ for . ;mE Tgmt 4.College Sta. 9Sulphw Spgr. @.Holland l9.GreenviUe 24Stephmville 5.Kibyvilb IO.(;brkrvilb B.Tanpb 20Mm 25.Chilkothe TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIC R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS DIGEST... of the production has been entering com- mercial channels. About 2.5 percent of the total Texas corn acreage is harvested as silage and about 1 percent of the annual corn crop is used for human consum~tion. .- -. of improved corn hybrids. More favora-ble grow...

Rogers, J. S.; Bockholt, A. J.; Collier, J. W.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Seismic load-resisting capacity of plastered straw bale walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Straw bales have been incorporated into buildings for centuries, but only recently have they been explored in academic settings for their structural potential. Straw bale building is encountering a growing audience due to ...

Hsiaw, Jennifer S. (Jennifer Sing-Yee)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Potato Corn Chowder Ingredients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potato Corn Chowder Ingredients: 2 potatoes, peeled and diced 15 ounces sweet corn, drained 2 potatoes, cut into bite size pieces. Place in microwave safe bowl with lid. Add 1/4 cup of water and cover to remove sodium. 4. While potatoes are cooking, melt margarine in saucepan over medium heat and add flour

Liskiewicz, Maciej

30

Corn Hybrids for Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stephenville ,J* 5.K'rbyvilb I0.Cbrkdb 15.Tanpk 2ODetiion 25.Wllothe TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS DIGEST The Texas corn acreage planted to hybrids increased from less than 1 percent of the total acrea....1 in 1941 to 74.5 percent in 1953. Most of the present acreage is devoted to the newer, better-adaptt hybrids-Texas 26, 28 and 30. These new hybrids usually outyield the older Texas hybrids h!. least 10 percent. Corn is one of the most important...

Rogers, J. S.; McAfee, T. E.

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Mechanical Harvesting of Corn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or Indian corn is the oldest food crop known in continental I and South America. When Columbus discovered America ;ears ago, he found in Cuba "a sort of grain they call Maiz which was well tosted, bak'd, dry'd and made into flour" (5). Thus... near Brownsville; from the Sabine on the east to El Paso on the west. Only one other crop-cotton- occupies a larger acreage in Texas. The largest acreages of corn are grown in the Blackland Prairie of Central Texas. Of the 254 counties in l...

Sorenson, J. W. (Jerome Wallace); Smith, H. P. (Harris Pearson)

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-337 1/05 Gaylon Morgan, State Extension Small Grains Specialist, College Station, TX Carl Patrick, Extension Entomologist, Amarillo, TX Karl Steddom and Charlie Rush, Plant Pathologists, Amarillo, TX W Overview of WSMV and HPV Wheat Streak Mosaic.... Charlie Rush, Plant Pathologist at TAMU?Amarillo. Figure 4. Wheat field infected with Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus and High Plains Virus. Picture by Dr. Gaylon Morgan, Texas Extension Small Grains Specialist. Resources Sources for the information...

Morgan, Gaylon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

33

Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants are being used to create homegrown biofuels in the United States—all while reducing our dependence on foreign oil and creating jobs in rural America.

34

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retain current filters Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Video Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants...

35

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retain current filters Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Video Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants...

36

Search results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Video Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials like corn stover, wheat straw, and woody plants...

37

Estimating Corn Grain Yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can collect samples from a corn field and use this data to calculate the yield estimate. An interactive grain yield calculator is provided in the Appendix of the pdf version of this publication. The calculator is also located in the publication.... Plan and prepare for sample and data collection. 2. Collect field samples and record data. 3. Analyze the data using the interactive grain yield calculator in the Appendix. Plan and prepare for sample and data collection Predetermine sample locations...

Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

38

Wheat Pasture Poisoning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which had recovered from the initial attack. FRANK H. SIMS and H. R. CROOKSHANK* N THE WINTER WHEAT GRAZING AREA, MORE 1 particularly in the Texas and Oklahoma Pan- handles, a condition develops which is known Incally as wheat pasture poisoning when...

Crookshank, H. R.; Sims, Frank H.

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Pamela L. Scheinost, Doug L. Lammer, Xiwen Gai, Timothy D. Murray, and Stephen S. Jones Abstract. Perennial wheat offers a new solution to the long-standing problems of soil erosion and degradation associated with conventional annual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for management practices. Key words: carbon sequestration, cereal grains, Conservation Reserve Program, crop water, provision of a potent carbon sink, and the possibility of integrating straw retrieval. Perennial wheat production may now be viewed as acceptable for highly erodible land or for obtaining carbon

Murray, Timothy D.

40

Digestive utilization of different sources of supplemental protein by heifers grazing bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. (1991) found that a supplement of kg/d of corn gluten meal fed to a 300-kg steers receiving ammoniated wheat straw produced similar improvement in daily gain to a corn supplement fed at 2. 5 kg/d, even though steers supplemented with corn...

Cabello Cordova, Luis Carlos

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Corn Production in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 25- Apr. 10 High Plains (Irrigated) Apr. 10- May 1 'Shown as pounds per acre of nitrogen (N), phosphoric acid (P20;,) and potash (K-0), respectively. 'Shown as po1111ds pel- acre of 1iitroge11 (N). I DIGEST 1 Corn is one of the more..., the average yield usually fluctuated between 1.0 and 20 bushels per acre. Yields were slightly higher at the beginning of the century as a result of inherent soil fertility. With continued cropping, however, fertility and yields grad- ually declined...

Collier, Jesse W. (Jesse Wilton); Rogers, John S. (John Sinclair)

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Effect of particle size on rate and extent of degradation of alfalfa hay, barley straw and ammonia-treated barley straw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of particle size on rate and extent of degradation of alfalfa hay, barley straw and ammonia experiment alfalfa hay (A, 57.4 % DOM), barley straw (S, 40.2 % DOM) and ammonia-treated barley straw (TS, 51 characteristics were also studied for alfalfa hay. Average dry matter (DM) intakes were 74.5, 29.2 and 45.9 g

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Understanding the Poor Resolution from Test Beam RunUnderstanding the Poor Resolution from Test Beam Run 2004 Straw Test beam results2004 Straw Test beam results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Understanding the Poor Resolution from Test Beam RunUnderstanding the Poor Resolution from Test Beam Run aah #12;2 2004 Straw Test beam results2004 Straw Test beam results ! Doc # 3308 v#3 by A. Ledovskoy " Using Data from 2004 Test Beam " Used "triplet" method for beam nominally perpendicular to Straw

44

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

45

Staling in corn tortillas prepared from nixtamalized corn flour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of forming method and storage on starch and texture of corn tortillas were evaluated. Texture of tortillas was evaluated subjectively using rollability and crinkle methods and objectively using bending and extensibility methods on a texture...

Fernandez de Castro, Deborah Ann

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry within the food and kindred products group (SIC 20), using 15 percent of the energy in the entire food industry. After corn, energy is the second largest operating cost for corn wet millers in the United States. A typical corn wet milling plant in the United States spends approximately $20 to $30 million per year on energy, making energy efficiency improvement an important way to reduce costs and increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy-price volatility. This report shows energy efficiency opportunities available for wet corn millers. It begins with descriptions of the trends, structure and production of the corn wet milling industry and the energy used in the milling and refining process. Specific primary energy savings for each energy efficiency measure based on case studies of plants and references to technical literature are provided. If available, typical payback periods are also listed. The report draws upon the experiences of corn, wheat and other starch processing plants worldwide for energy efficiency measures. The findings suggest that given available resources and technology, there are opportunities to reduce energy consumption cost-effectively in the corn wet milling industry while maintaining the quality of the products manufactured. Further research on the economics of the measures, as well as the applicability of these to different wet milling practices, is needed to assess the feasibility of implementation of selected technologies at individual plants.

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Thermal processing of black liquor from alkaline straw pulping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Black liquor is the wastewater from the cooking of wood or straw in the production of pulp and paper. Nowadays new processes are being investigated as alternatives to the traditional recovery boiler used for black liquor treatment. One of the processes which appears to be more promising is gasification, for which further research is needed for its full industrial implementation. There is not much data about the behavior of soda black liquors from straw cooking in the literature. Therefore the thermal decomposition of one of these liquors has been studied in a thermobalance, in inert (N{sub 2}) atmosphere. The kinetic constants from isothermal experiments have been obtained.

Sanchez, J.L.; Garcia, L.; Gea, G.; Bilbao, R.; Arauzo, J. [Univ. of Zaragoza (Spain)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

LP engine performance on rice straw producer gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An LP gas engine was converted using commercially available parts to operate on gas from fluidized bed gasifier fueled by rice straw. The engine was derated up to 57.5% from the lower energy value of induction charge, variations in gas quality, lower mechanical and thermal efficiencies.

Brownfield, J.J.; Jenkins, B.M.; Goss, J.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Corn and Climate Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Science Program Office Part 2: Climate Impacts on Midwestern Agriculture: MonitoringThe Corn and Climate Report An overview of climate science in the service of Midwestern agriculture Administration National Weather Service North Central Bioeconomy Consortium US Climate Change Science Program

Debinski, Diane M.

50

Electrochemical treatment of black liquor from straw pulping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conventional black liquor regeneration process is not always suitable for pulping plants of nonwood fibers due to the unfavorable ratio of organic to inorganic solids. This paper presents an alternative treatment based on an electrolysis process of the soda black liquor from straw pulping. This alternative method minimizes the environmental impact by recovering the caustic at the same time that the liquor is acidified, which favors the later separation of the lignin.

Blanco, M.A.; Negro, C.; Tijero, J. [Complutense Univ., Madrid (Spain)] [and others

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Oil recovery from condensed corn distillers solubles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Condensed corn distillers solubles (CCDS) contains more oil than dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), 20 vs. 12% (dry weight basis). Therefore, significant amount of… (more)

Majoni, Sandra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Corn Ethanol -April 2006 11 Cover Story  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corn Ethanol - April 2006 11 Cover Story orn ethanol is the fuel du jour. It's domestic. It's not oil. Ethanol's going to help promote "energy independence." Magazines trumpet it as the motor vehicle Midwest fields, waiting to rot or be processed into ethanol. Interestingly, the National Corn Growers

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

53

Researchers use corn waste to generate electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directly. "People are looking at using cellulose to make ethanol," said Bruce E. Logan, the Kappe professor researchers thinks corn stover can be used not only to manufacture ethanol, but to generate electricity of environmental engineering. "You can make ethanol from exploded corn stover, but once you have the sugars, you

54

Hessian Fly in Texas Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaylon Morgan, State Extension Small Grains Specialist Chris Sansone, Extension Entomologist Allen Knutson, Extension Entomologist Texas Cooperative Extension The Texas A&M University System H essian Fly In Texas Wheat E-350 07/05 The Hessian fly...

Morgan, Gaylon; Sansone, Chris; Knutson, Allen E.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A traditional technique as an alternative to plastic sheet for covering urea-treated straw : digestibility and growth trials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A traditional technique as an alternative to plastic sheet for covering urea-treated straw of the number of farmers treating straws. Therefore, an attempt was made to reduce the cost of urea treatment by using mud instead of plastic sheet to cover treated straws. Preliminary results of a digestibility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

The effect of heat treatment on the digestibility of wheat gluten in a model food system containing wheat gluten, corn starch and corn oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), gross prote1n value (GPV), relat1ve nitrogen ut111zat1on (RNU), net protein rat1o (NPR), and relat1ve protein value (RPV), will reveal a change only when the treatment affects the limiting amino acid but show no change when other amino acids...

Fox, Debra Marie Ruzicka

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

September 2010 FAPRI-MU US Biofuels, Corn Processing,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 2010 FAPRI-MU US Biofuels, Corn Processing, Distillers Grains, Fats, Switchgrass-882-4256 or the US Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights. #12;1 Overview of FAPRI-MU Biofuels, Corn listed here represent US biofuel, corn processing, distillers grains, fats, switchgrass, and corn stover

Noble, James S.

58

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon and nitrogen in corn tissues herbivores often stimulate lignin deposition in injured plant tissue, but it is not known whether corn (Zea (Bacillus thuringiensis) genetic modifica- tion is also reported to affect lignin in corn. This study

Beaudoin, Georges

59

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment of Bioethanol Derived from Corn and Corn Stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Life Cycle Assessment Farbod Ahmadi Diba Derek Pope 4/16/2010 Life Cycle Assessment of Bioethanol Derived from Corn and Corn corn as well as corn stover in comparision to petroleum fuels. A Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) using the Ga

60

Anaerobic fermentation of rice straw and chicken manure to carboxylic acids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, 80% lime-treated rice straw and 20% lime-treated chicken manure were used as substrates in rotary fermentors. Countercurrent fermentation was performed at various volatile solid loading rates (VSLR) and liquid residence times (LRT...

Agbogbo, Frank Kwesi

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report significantly over time. Budgets for alfalfa hay establishment with an oat companion crop and by direct seeding are included in this publication. Annual production costs for established alfalfa or alfalfa-grass hay as well

Duffy, Michael D.

62

Synthetic Hexaploid Wheat as a Source of Improvement for Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this research was to evaluate the potential and performance of synthetic wheat in Texas. Ten elite primary synthetics from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), screened for desirable traits, were backcrossed to two Texas cultivars, TAM...

Cooper, Jessica Kay

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

63

Thermodynamics of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into Corn Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.11 Solar Energy Input into Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4.5 Overall Energy Balance of the Corn-Ethanol Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 II.1 The Earth is an Open System to Heat Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 10.2 Conclusions

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

64

Variations in Vitamin A and in Chemical Composition of Corn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as rickets, scurvy, or beri-beri. Vitamin A was one of the first vitamins discovered. It occurs in large quantity in yellow corn, while little or none is founcl in white corn. For the purpose of this study, samples of corn grown at the various substations...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1931-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Energy Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle First Draft Tad W. Patzek Department of Civil legitimately ask: Why do the various energy balances of the corn-ethanol cycle still differ so much? Why do some authors claim that the corn-ethanol cycle has a positive net energy balance (Wang et al., 1997

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

66

ANTHRAQUINONE CORN SEED TREATMENT (AVITECTM ) AS A FEEDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANTHRAQUINONE CORN SEED TREATMENT (AVITECTM ) AS A FEEDING REPELLENT FOR RING-NECKED PHEASANTS and Fisheries Sciences South Dakota State University 2009 #12;ANTHRAQUINONE CORN SEED TREATMENT (AVITECTM the South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks. #12;v ABSTRACT ANTHRAQUINONE CORN SEED TREATMENT

67

Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This leaflet cautions producers about the problems associated with pre-harvest sprouting of wheat and how to recognize affected grains....

Morgan, Gaylon

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

68

Aqueous Enzymatic Extraction Of Wheat Germ Oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this study is to investigate the aqueous enzymatic extraction of wheat germ oil. Four enzymes (Viscozyme L, Multifect CX 13l, Multifect CX… (more)

Xie, Meizhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Effects of the treatment of straw with NaOH and urea solutions on ingestibility and digestibility in sheep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of the treatment of straw with NaOH and urea solutions on ingestibility and digestibility of digestibility measures. The main results appear in table I. Straw intake and digestibility were in- creased by the treatments. This was par- ticularly true for NaOH treatments with the exception of nitrogen digestibility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

Melting behavior of ashes from the co-combustion of coal and straw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Straw may be used today as a substitute fuel to lower the greenhouse gas emissions from traditional coal-fired power plants and provide green-based electricity. It may also provide an alternative source of income to the local farmers helping the developed countries to support sustainable development. The use of straw as a co-firing feedstock in traditional coal-fired plants is associated with operational problems, such as deposition, agglomeration, and/or corrosion, mainly because of the higher amounts of alkali metals and chlorine in straw compared to coal. This may lead to unscheduled shutdowns and costly repairs, increasing the operational costs and the cost of the produced power. In this paper, the melting characteristics of several ash fractions sampled from different parts of a pilot-scale pulverized fuel (PF) boiler operating with different coal/straw mixtures is determined by measuring the ash viscosity using a high-temperature rotational viscometer. The produced data provide information on the melting of the ash material, its flow characteristics, and the rates of crystallization and recrystallization, as a function of the temperature. This information may be used to modify the temperature profile in the different parts of the boiler to reduce the deposition of the ash material. The results show that the straw in the co-combustion mixture changes the viscosity characteristics of the produced ash fractions. The viscosity of the different ash fractions is lowered, as the percentage of straw in the co-combustion mixture increases, and leads to higher stickiness of the produced ash particles at lower temperatures. 25 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

S. Arvelakis; F.J. Frandsen [Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Lyngby (Denmark). CHEC Research Centre

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund Application PURPOSE The Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund supports a student's work on an OSU wheat.Dorres@oregonstate.edu #12;College of Agricultural Sciences Calvin & Merle Smith Wheat Research Endowment Fund APPLICATION

GrĂŒnwald, Niklaus J.

72

Universit du Sud Toulon-Var Prsente en vue de l'obtention du diplme de DOCTORAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

starch foam reinforced by natural fibres (hemp, cellulose, wheat straw, cotton linter). The influence foam, natural fibres, hemp, cellulose, cotton linter, wheat straw, polycaprolactone, multilayer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Idaho_WheatGrassRidge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLtheIndustryMitch204PeakTwitchell Wheat

74

Rice Straw Fiber Reinforced High Density Polyethylene Composite: Effect of Coupled Compatibilizating and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rice Straw Fiber Reinforced High Density Polyethylene Composite: Effect of Coupled polyethylene (HDPE) composites were manufactured by extrusion and injection molding. Three compatibilizers compatibilizers, ma- leic anhydride grafted polyethylene and polypropylene (PE-g-MA and PP-g-MA) are considered

75

Xylitol Production by Genetically Engineered Trichoderma reesei Strains Using Barley Straw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pretreated using NaOH and Organosolv pretreatment methods. The highest xylitol production of 6.1 and 13.22 g/L was obtained using medium supplemented with 2 % Organosolv-pretreated barley straw and 2 % D-xylose by the xdh1

Qin, Wensheng

76

A supply forecasting model for Zimbabwe's corn sector: a time series and structural analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Zimbabwean government utilizes the corn supply forecasts to establish producer prices for the following growing season, estimate corn storage and handling costs, project corn import needs and associated costs, and to assess the Grain Marketing...

Makaudze, Ephias

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Microscopic Analysis of Corn Fiber Using Corn Starch- and Cellulose-Specific Molecular Probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ethanol is the primary liquid transportation fuel produced from renewable feedstocks in the United States today. The majority of corn grain, the primary feedstock for ethanol production, has been historically processed in wet mills yielding products such as gluten feed, gluten meal, starch, and germ. Starch extracted from the grain is used to produce ethanol in saccharification and fermentation steps; however the extraction of starch is not 100% efficient. To better understand starch extraction during the wet milling process, we have developed fluorescent probes that can be used to visually localize starch and cellulose in samples using confocal microscopy. These probes are based on the binding specificities of two types of carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs), which are small substrate-specific protein domains derived from carbohydrate degrading enzymes. CBMs were fused, using molecular cloning techniques, to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) or to the red fluorescent protein DsRed (RFP). Using these engineered probes, we found that the binding of the starch-specific probe correlates with starch content in corn fiber samples. We also demonstrate that there is starch internally localized in the endosperm that may contribute to the high starch content in corn fiber. We also surprisingly found that the cellulose-specific probe did not bind to most corn fiber samples, but only to corn fiber that had been hydrolyzed using a thermochemical process that removes the residual starch and much of the hemicellulose. Our findings should be of interest to those working to increase the efficiency of the corn grain to ethanol process.

Porter, S. E.; Donohoe, B. S.; Beery, K. E.; Xu, Q.; Ding, S.-Y.; Vinzant, T. B.; Abbas, C. A.; Himmel, M. E.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover Process...

79

Corn Belt Energy Corporation- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Corn Belt Energy Corporation (CBEC), in association with the Wabash Valley Power Association, provides its customers with the "Power Moves" energy efficiency rebate program. Through this program,...

80

Partnership Logging Accidents Cornelis de Hoop, LA Forest Products Lab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Partnership Logging Accidents · by · Cornelis de Hoop, LA Forest Products Lab · Albert Lefort Agreement · 1998 & 1999 Accident Reports · 25 injuries reported · 185 loggers signed up · 8 deaths 1999

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Impact of United States international wheat policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Situation and Policies concerning Mheat 5 12 III ' IRPACTS ON NAJOR WORLD ECONORIC SECTORS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 Developing Importing Countries Asia ~ ~ ~ Africa Latin America Developing Importing countries Developed Importing Countries Centrally Planned... international wheat policy 2. Analyze the impact of significant policies on major world economic sectors, including wheat exporting and, importing countries; special attention will be given to the impact on the balance of trade position of various countries...

Richards, Dean

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Improved Multivariate Calibration Models for Corn Stover Feedstock and Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied rapid calibration models to predict the composition of a variety of biomass feedstocks by correlating near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic data to compositional data produced using traditional wet chemical analysis techniques. The rapid calibration models are developed using multivariate statistical analysis of the spectroscopic and wet chemical data. This work discusses the latest versions of the NIR calibration models for corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover. Measures of the calibration precision and uncertainty are presented. No statistically significant differences (p = 0.05) are seen between NIR calibration models built using different mathematical pretreatments. Finally, two common algorithms for building NIR calibration models are compared; no statistically significant differences (p = 0.05) are seen for the major constituents glucan, xylan, and lignin, but the algorithms did produce different predictions for total extractives. A single calibration model combining the corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover samples gave less satisfactory predictions than the separate models.

Wolfrum, E. J.; Sluiter, A. D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The usability of switchgrass, rice straw, and logging residue as feedstocks for power generation in East Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the economic implications of using agriculturally based feedstock for bio-energy production in East Texas. Specifically I examined the use of switchgrass, rice straw, and logging residue as a feedstock for electrical power...

Hong, Sung Wook

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

84

Corn Storage Protein - A Molecular Genetic Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corn is the highest yielding crop on earth and probably the most valuable agricultural product of the United States. Because it converts sun energy through photosynthesis into starch and proteins, we addressed energy savings by focusing on protein quality. People and animals require essential amino acids derived from the digestion of proteins. If proteins are relatively low in certain essential amino acids, the crop becomes nutritionally defective and has to be supplemented. Such deficiency affects meat and fish production and countries where corn is a staple. Because corn seed proteins have relatively low levels of lysine and methionine, a diet has to be supplemented with soybeans for the missing lysine and with chemically synthesized methionine. We therefore have studied genes expressed during maize seed development and their chromosomal organization. A critical technical requirement for the understanding of the molecular structure of genes and their positional information was DNA sequencing. Because of the length of sequences, DNA sequencing methods themselves were insufficient for this type of analysis. We therefore developed the so-called “DNA shotgun sequencing” strategy, where overlapping DNA fragments were sequenced in parallel and used to reconstruct large DNA molecules via overlaps. Our publications became the most frequently cited ones during the decade of 1981-1990 and former Associate Director of Science for the Office of Basic Energy Sciences Patricia M. Dehmer presented our work as one of the great successes of this program. A major component of the sequencing strategy was the development of bacterial strains and vectors, which were also used to develop the first biotechnology crops. These crops possessed new traits thanks to the expression of foreign genes in plants. To enable such expression, chimeric genes had to be constructed using our materials and methods by the industry. Because we made our materials and methods freely available to academia and industry, progress in plant research and new crop development could accelerate and benefit the public.

Messing, Joachim [Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY) Hosein Shapouri*, U.S. Department Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL. 60439 ABSTRACT This report estimates the net energy balance to produce ethanol and byproducts. The results indicate that corn ethanol has a positive energy balance, even

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

86

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol #12;Outline · Production processes for each;Definitions Biofuel: clean fuel made from animal and plant fats and tissues (Hollebone, 2008) Ethanol species (sizes from a few- a few hundred ”m) (Wikipedia, 2008) #12;How is ethanol produced from corn

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

87

Prediction of corn tortilla textural quality using stress relaxation methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The effects of moisture content and resting time on corn masa textural property were investigated. Texture of properties of corn tortilla (fresh up to stale) was evaluated using the stress relaxation technique in two different modes, pure tension and bending-tension...

Guo, Zhihong

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Suggestions for Weed Control in Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F r ontier ? for additional w eed contr ol. Consult (R efer to label for specific w eeds BASF U se rate determined b y inches of soil) or sur face applied the pr oduct label. R o tational cr o p r estrictions will contr olled.) C.E.C. (cationex...) or sur face contr olled.) BASF applied within 2 w eeks of U se rate is determined b y C.E.C. (cation ex change planting. Early postemergence capacity) or soil textur e and organic matter befor e corn is12 inches tall, but content. Can make split...

Baumann, Paul A.

2002-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

89

Quad County Corn Processors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakum CountyPzero Jump to:Quad County Corn

90

Effect of process variables on the quality attributes of briquettes from wheat, oat, canola and barley  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effect of process variables on the quality attributes of briquettes from wheat, oat, canola and barley straw Jaya Shankar Tumuluru*, L. G. Tabil, Y. Song, K. L. Iroba and V. Meda Biomass is a renewable energy source and environmentally friendly substitute for fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum products. Major limitation of biomass for successful energy application is its low bulk density, which makes it very difficult and costly to transport and handle. To overcome this limitation, biomass has to be densified. The commonly used technologies for densification of biomass are pelletization and briquetting. Briquetting offers many advantages at it can densify larger particles sizes of biomass at higher moisture contents. Briquetting is influenced by a number of feedstock and process variables such as moisture content, particle size distribution, and some operating variables such as temperature and densification pressure. In the present study, experiments were designed and conducted based on Box-Behnken design to produce briquettes using barley, wheat, canola and barley straws. A laboratory scale hydraulic briquette press was used for the present study. The experimental process variables and their levels used in the present study were pressure levels (7.5, 10, 12.5 MPa), three levels of temperature (90, 110, 130 C), at three moisture content levels (9, 12, 15% w.b.), and three levels of particle size (19.1, 25.04, 31.75 mm). The quality variables studied includes moisture content, initial density and final briquette density after two weeks of storage, size distribution index and durability. The raw biomass was initially chopped and size reduced using a hammer mill. The ground biomass was conditioned at different moisture contents and was further densified using laboratory hydraulic press. For each treatment combination, ten briquettes were manufactured at a residence time of about 30 s after compression pressure setpoint was achieved. After compression, the initial dimensions and the final dimensions after 2 weeks of storage in controlled environment of all the samples were measured. Durability, dimensional stability, and moisture content tests were conducted after two weeks of storage of the briquettes produced. Initial results indicated that moisture content played a significant role on briquettes durability, stability, and density. Low moisture content of the straws (7-12%) gave more durable briquettes. Briquette density increased with increasing pressure depending on the moisture content value. The axial expansion was more significant than the lateral expansion, which in some cases tended to be nil depending on the material and operating variables. Further data analysis is in progress in order to understand the significance of the process variables based on ANOVA. Regression models were developed to predict the changes in quality of briquettes with respect of the process variables under study. Keywords: Herbaceous biomass, densification, briquettes, density, durability, dimensional stability, ANOVA and regression equations

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid species aphis Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis sorghum, barley, oat, wheat, corn ......

92

Time Course Study of Substrate Utilization by Aspergillus flavus in Medium Simulating Corn (Zea mays) Kernels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilization of the three major corn reserve materials, starch, triglycerides (refined corn oil), and zein composition in which proportions of reserve materials initially approximated proportions in mature corn. Reserve materials of corn include starch, lipids, and zein, a member of the prolamin class of storage

Cotty, Peter J.

93

The values and practices associated with high moisture corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be characterized by rate of ruminal fermentation (Stock et al. , 1987). Grains are comprised mostly of starch (corn 64-78, grain sorghum 60-77, and barley 12-14'/0); and crude protein (corn 10-11, grain sorghum 8-12, and barley 12-14'/0) (Rooney, 1986). Many.... , 1986). The moisture percentage, degree of fermentation, and particle size influence not only rates of passage and digestion, but directly or indirectly, influence intake patterns. Cattle fed ground high moisture corn have reduced gains and intakes...

Finch, Charles B

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Laboratory, in sacco and in vivo assessment of various treatment conditions affecting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in vivo digestibilities of untreated and ammonia (NH3) treated wheat straw. Wheat straw and gas ammoniated digestibility trial with 5 sheep per treatment. Lowest NDF values for ammoniated straw were recorded with the 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

Original article Effects of fish-meal supplementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ammoniated wheat straw CM Guedes, A Dias-da-Silva Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Department-meal (FM) sup- plementation on digestion of urea-treated wheat straw. Ammoniated straw was offered alone

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Watergrass and Volunteer Sorghum Control in Corn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corn Preplant LblA emergence LblA emergence herbicide (ai) herbicide (ail herbicide (ail (LbIA) (BulA) c*" (NolA) AAtrex 442 c-e 820 c-e 1,561 b-d 1506 3 e 2 350 de 12,192 ab 12,288 ab 1 1,328 a-c 11,616a-c Princep AAtrex 1ya iha 125... Aatrex 3 _ Evik + SC 2 202 e 123a-c 11,136a-c Check .- -_ 4,991 a 90 d 9,216 c Weans followed by the sgme letaer --&= fwel of significance. bSun 11Eoilat 1 gaHanper&cmin COupont WK surfactant at 0.5% of mtzi&k%ume. TABLE 8. WATERGRASS COMa AND...

Wiese, A.F.; Chenault, E.W.; Lavake, D.E.; Hollingsworth, Dale

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The relationship between wheat self-sufficiency and national wheat trade policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of self- sufficiency in wheat. Trade-restrictive policies such as tariffs, quotas and price support programs have been enacted by most gov- ernments. In 1976-1977, for example, less than five percent of the wheat traded internationally was imported...-demand conditions with production quotas and price support programs. It also sets standards of product differentiation (grading), determines ease of entry into the market by issuing licenses, and affects cost structures through credit and other reg- ulations...

Maurer, Alan Borman

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Corn Belt Energy Coop- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Corn Belt Energy, through the Wabash Valley Power Association, offers business, school, and farm customers a variety of energy efficient rebates and incentives through its "Power Moves" program....

99

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OWENS CORNING SCIENCE...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Film Solar Cells." OWENS CORNING is a sub-awardee under the cooperative agreement. Solexel Inc. is the prime awardee. This waiver only applies to subject inventions of OWENS...

100

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Nuclear...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to SYLVANIA CORNING NUCLEAR CORP., INC., SYLVANIA LABORATORIES NY.07-1 - Letter, Smith to Norris, Contract at (30-1)-1293- U Metal Requirements, March 5, 1953 NY.07-2 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Evaluation of mixing characteristics of corn dry masa flours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixing characteristics of commercial and reformulated corn dry masa flours (DMF) were evaluated using a mixograph and a farinograph. The objectives were to evaluate the potential use of the mixograph and farinograph to study DMF mixing and hydration...

Lobeira Massu, Rodrigo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Sweet Corn Tests in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in habit and character to Silvercross Evergreen. 10 BULLETIN NO. 689, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION Table 6. Variety test results with white sweet corn Other varieties of white sweet corn of merit are the Narrowgra Hybrids 5 x 22 and 26 x 15..... ....................... Winnebago ...................... Country Gentlemen 5 x 10. ........ Country Gentlemen 8 x 6. ........ Narrow Grain 17x1 1 .............. Narrow Grain 14x13. ............. Narrow Grain 26x15. ............. Shoeped Hybrid.. ................ Stowell...

Pickett, B. S. (Barzalli Stewart)

1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Characteristics of corn and sorghum for tortilla processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Approved as to style and content by: an o omm t em er em er ea o...

Gonzalez de Palacios, Maria de Jesus

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Seeding rate and seed size as management techniques for ryegrass (Lolium Multiflorum, Lam) in winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher seeding rates and larger seed sizes could enhance the competitiveness of wheat with ryegrass. Growth room and field research evaluated the effects of wheat seeding rates and seed size in competition with Italian ryegrass. Winter wheat seeds...

Cook, Casey Lee

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

105

MBI Biorefinery: Corn to Biomass, Ethanol to Biochemicals and Biomaterials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project is a continuation of DOE-funded work (FY02 and FY03) that has focused on the development of the ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) pretreatment technology, fermentation production of succinic acid and new processes and products to enhance dry mill profitability. The primary objective for work beginning in April 2004 and ending in November 2005 is focus on the key issues related to the: (1) design, costing and construction plan for a pilot AFEX pretreatment system, formation of a stakeholder development team to assist in the planning and design of a biorefinery pilot plant, continued evaluation of corn fractionation technologies, corn oil extraction, AFEX treatment of corn fiber/DDGs; (2) development of a process to fractionate AFEX-treated corn fiber and corn stover--cellulose and hemicellulose fractionation and sugar recovery; and (3) development of a scalable batch succinic acid production process at 500 L at or below $.42/lb, a laboratory scale fed-batch process for succinic acid production at or below $.40/lb, a recovery process for succinic acid that reduces the cost of succinic acid by $.02/lb and the development of an acid tolerant succinic acid production strain at lab scale (last objective not to be completed during this project time period).

None

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline-pretreated corn stover Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 31 Identifica-tion of genes Summary: and products spread to new markets. One focus of the research is corn stover. The tons of corn plant left... -...

107

INTERSPECIFIC AND INTRASPECIFIC COMPETITION OF COMMON SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) IN FIELD CORN (ZEA MAYS L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corn. Field studies were conducted in 2006 and 2007 to 1) define the density-dependent effects of common sunflower competition with corn; 2) define the necessary weed-free periods of common sunflower in corn; 3) evaluate common sunflower control...

Falkenberg, Nyland R.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

108

Characteristics of Herbicides and Weed Management Programs Most Important to Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Growers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of Herbicides and Weed Management Programs Most Important to Corn, Cotton of Herbicides and Weed Management Programs Most Important to Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Growers T.M. Hurley characteristics that influence profitability, using data from a telephone survey of 1,205 corn, cotton

Mitchell, Paul D.

109

Original article Digestion of wheat gluten and potato protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Digestion of wheat gluten and potato protein by the preruminant calf%) substituted by a native wheat gluten or a potato protein concentrate, were given to intact or ileo.05) with the potato than with the gluten and control diets (0.90, 0.93 and 0.95, respec- tively). The same trend

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

Wheat and ryegrass interaction in response to drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenhouse experiments compared the growth of wheat and ryegrass in pure culture and mixtures in response to temporary and prolonged droughts. The main experiment was a replacement series with wheat:ryegrass ratios of 12:0, 9:3, 6:6, 3:9, and 0...

Carson, Katherine Holt

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The effects of added wheat proteins on processing and quality of wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Gliadin in pastry and tortilla flour. Addition levels of selected wheat proteins were evaluated in weak protein tortilla formulas. Addition of 1% FP5000 or PF6000 improved tortilla stability. Calcium peroxide was added to the formula to better incorporate...

Pascut, Simina

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Impact of planting date and seeding rate on grain and forage yields of wheat in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wheat serves three very important roles to producers in Texas and many states in the Great Plains. First, wheat is used as a cool season forage crop for livestock grazing. Second, wheat serves as a grain only crop. Third, wheat is used as both a...

Shaffer, Oliver Jacob

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

SECO - Dow Corning's Wood Fueled Industrial Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1979, Dow Corning Corporation decided to build a wood fueled steam and electric cogeneration (SECO) power plant at Midland, Michigan. This decision was prompted by the high cost of oil and natural gas, an abundant supply of wood in mid Michigan...

Betts, W. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The Real Corn-Ethanol Transportation Tad W. Patzek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research, mass transit systems, highway upgrades, etc. Corn and ethanol subsidies in the US channel money, and more efficient planes will save at least 7 million barrels of crude oil per day if the price of fuel.34. Consistently with this claim, for each 1 unit of input fossil energy, one would get 1.34 units of output fossil

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

115

Life Cycle of the Corn-Soybean Agroecosystem for Biobased  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as fertilizer production, energy production, and on- farm chemical and equipment use. Agroecosystem material increasingly important with the growth of biofuels (i.e., biodiesel, ethanol) and biobased products (eLife Cycle of the Corn-Soybean Agroecosystem for Biobased Production A M Y E . L A N D I S , * S H

Illinois at Chicago, University of

116

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report APSC 261 Sustainability Project An Investigation Into the Use of Cob and/or Straw Bale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report APSC 261 Sustainability, Rebecca Guo, Zi Zhang Source: Green Building Elements Project An Investigation Into the Use of Cob and/or Straw Bale Construction in Non-residential Buildings

117

INDEX TO VIRGINIA CORN HYBRID AND MANAGEMENT TRIALS 1999 SECTION I. VIRGINIA CORN HYBRID TRIALS IN 1999.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORPORTATION AUGUSTA 106 FAIRBURN RD MT SOLON VA 22843 BIO GENE BIO GENE 5491 TRI COUNTY HWY SARDINIA OH 45171 at Middlesex County, Virginia in 1998 and at New Kent County, Virginia in 1999 37 Table 29. Three-year corn hybrid studies at Middlesex County, Virginia in 1997 and 1998 and at New Kent County in 1999. 37 SECTION

Liskiewicz, Maciej

118

Wheat Production in the Panhandle of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Ave. CONTINUOUS WHEAT Moldboard plow 20.3 4.2 19.7 4.4 1.8 31.8 5.6 23.2 13.9 Oneway plow 20.1 6.0 24.5 6.3 2.6 28.4 4.6 21.5 14.2 Subtillage* 19.1 7.1 26.4 6.9 6.0 34.3 6.2 19.4 15.7 WHEAT ON FALLOW Oneway plow 11....9 28.4 16.7 8.5 33.1 13.9 36.0 21.2 Subtillage 14.6 28.4 20.4 13.9 36.8 15.7 38.4 24.0 Delayed subtillage3 12.9 30.3 23.3 15.4 36.2 15.6 36.1 24.3 -. 'Tables reproduced from USDA Circular No. 860. =Subtillage refers to cultivation with a sweep...

Whitfield, Charles J. (Charles James); Atkins, Irvin Milburn; Porter, Kenneth B.

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid rhopalosiphum padi Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis sorghum, barley, oat, wheat, ......

120

FACT SHEET Agriculture and Natural Resources AEX-651.1-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farmers are familiar with storing high-moisture forage crops as silage. Tall silos, horizontal or bunker silos, and more recently “shrink-wrapped” round bales are common examples of storing crops “wet ” instead of “dry.” Today, scientists and engineers are looking at “silage ” techniques as a way of preserving lignocellulosic biomass for use as a feedstock for biobased energy and products. Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, widely available resource and includes agricultural crop residues, such as corn stover and wheat straw; energy crops, such as switchgrass; and municipal waste. The most common lignocellulosic biomass on Ohio farms is corn stover. The ability to store biomass feedstocks year-round is essential

Storing Lignocellulosic Biomass; Jian Shi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

allohexaploid wheat triticum: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

spore yield of wheat is com pared to other substrates. T he study suggest s that the m ost cost Cotty, Peter J. 146 Disease Control Moyens de lutte Biological control of...

122

Effect of leavening acids on wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reactivities of four leavening adds were evaluated during processing of wheat flour tortillas. These were: sodium aluminum phosphate (SAlP), sodium aluminum sulfate (SAS), monocalcium phosphate (MCP) and sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP-28). Each...

Cepeda, Minerva

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

123

Corn Varieties in Texas : Their Regional and Seasonal Adaptation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presented in Progress Reports from Angleton, Denton, Beaumont, Troup, Beeville, Temple, Spur, Lubbock, Pecos, and Nacogdoches, and in Bulletin 276, "Corn Variety Experiments, Substation No. 3, Angleton." SCOPE OF THE BULLETIN Two of the most important... to both regional ' and seasonal variations. To determine the adaptation of varieties to these two influences a variety-date-of-planting test was instituted in 1918. This test has been conducted at eleven substations throughout the State, in most cases...

Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph)

1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Alternative Export - Wheat Distribution Systems for the Texas - Oklahoma Panhandle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of wheat to Texas ports (referred Thermal Units of energy). The most energy efficient to as the 50-, Ba-car system); and system is the 80-car-train organization which con- 3) a system of m r unit trains %rating from sumes approximately 292 billion BTU... Contents ... SUMMARY ............................................... 2 Export Demand of Study-Area Wheat by Port Area.. ................................. INTRODUCTION.. ....................................... 3 RESULTS OF ANALYSIS.. SOUTH PLAINS...

Fuller, Stephen W.; Shanmugham C.V.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Coefficient ? as a growth analysis parameter for wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject: Agronony COEFFICIENT u AS A GROWTH ANALYSIS PARAMETER FOR WHEAT A Thesis by JEAN-FRANCOIS LEDENT Approved as to style and content by: c x& W&~ (Chairman of Committee) (Member ) (Head of Department) Member) (Member) /'L~C e (Memb er...) August 1969 ABSTRACT COEFFICIL'NT u AS A GROWTH ANALYSIS PARAMETER FOR WHEAT (August 1969) Jean-Francoi. s Ledent, Ingenieur Agronome, Universite de Louvain (Belgium) Directed by: Dr. E. C. Holt Coefficient u , a growth parameter. , was calculated...

Ledent, Jean-Francois

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - afex-treated corn stover Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Populations During High-Solids Summary: thermophilic high-solids fermentation of the bioenergy feedstocks switch- grass and corn stover. Methods... for switchgrass were more...

127

Advancing Biorefining of Distillers Grain and Corn Stover Blends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

pretreatment process for distiller's grains and corn stover to convert residual starch, cellulose, and hemicellulose to ethanol and high- converting residual starch in order to...

128

Techno-economic analysis of using corn stover to supply heat and power to a corn ethanol plant - Part 2: Cost of heat and power generation systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a techno-economic analysis of corn stover fired process heating (PH) and the combined heat and power (CHP) generation systems for a typical corn ethanol plant (ethanol production capacity of 170 dam3). Discounted cash flow method was used to estimate both the capital and operating costs of each system and compared with the existing natural gas fired heating system. Environmental impact assessment of using corn stover, coal and natural gas in the heat and/or power generation systems was also evaluated. Coal fired process heating (PH) system had the lowest annual operating cost due to the low fuel cost, but had the highest environmental and human toxicity impacts. The proposed combined heat and power (CHP) generation system required about 137 Gg of corn stover to generate 9.5 MW of electricity and 52.3 MW of process heat with an overall CHP efficiency of 83.3%. Stover fired CHP system would generate an annual savings of 3.6 M$ with an payback period of 6 y. Economics of the coal fired CHP system was very attractive compared to the stover fired CHP system due to lower fuel cost. But the greenhouse gas emissions per Mg of fuel for the coal fired CHP system was 32 times higher than that of stover fired CHP system. Corn stover fired heat and power generation system for a corn ethanol plant can improve the net energy balance and add environmental benefits to the corn to ethanol biorefinery.

Mani, Sudhagar [University of Georgia; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Togore, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Phase II: Pilot-scale Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE)-supported corn fiber conversion project, “Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Phase II: Pilot-scale Operation” is to develop and demonstrate an integrated, economical process for the separation of corn fiber into its principal components to produce higher value-added fuel (ethanol and biodiesel), nutraceuticals (phytosterols), chemicals (polyols), and animal feed (corn fiber molasses). This project has successfully demonstrated the corn fiber conversion process on the pilot scale, and ensured that the process will integrate well into existing ADM corn wet-mills. This process involves hydrolyzing the corn fiber to solubilize 50% of the corn fiber as oligosaccharides and soluble protein. The solubilized fiber is removed and the remaining fiber residue is solvent extracted to remove the corn fiber oil, which contains valuable phytosterols. The extracted oil is refined to separate the phytosterols and the remaining oil is converted to biodiesel. The de-oiled fiber is enzymatically hydrolyzed and remixed with the soluble oligosaccharides in a fermentation vessel where it is fermented by a recombinant yeast, which is capable of fermenting the glucose and xylose to produce ethanol. The fermentation broth is distilled to remove the ethanol. The stillage is centrifuged to separate the yeast cell mass from the soluble components. The yeast cell mass is sold as a high-protein yeast cream and the remaining sugars in the stillage can be purified to produce a feedstock for catalytic conversion of the sugars to polyols (mainly ethylene glycol and propylene glycol) if desirable. The remaining materials from the purification step and any materials remaining after catalytic conversion are concentrated and sold as a corn fiber molasses. Additional high-value products are being investigated for the use of the corn fiber as a dietary fiber sources.

Abbas, Charles; Beery, Kyle; Orth, Rick; Zacher, Alan

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

The conversion of corn stover and pig manure to carboxylic acids with the MixAlco process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these processes to a feedstock of corn stover and pig manure. During fermentation, corn stover was the energy source (carbohydrates) and pig manure was the nutrient source (vitamins, minerals, and growth factors). A countercurrent fermentation procedure...

Black, Amanda Spring

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

131

Response of Hard Red Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to Photoperiod and Vernilization in South Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................. 10 Photoperiod and vernalization interaction of winter wheat .. 13 CHAPTER III EVALUATION OF WINTER WHEAT GENOTYPES IN A FIELD AND CONTROLLED ENVIRO1MENT FOR THEIR RESPONES TO PHOTOPERIOD AND VERNILIZATION.... If the vernalization requirement is not met, winter wheat plants will remain in the vegetative state and will not produce grain 3 (Morgan et al., 2006). An increase in winter temperatures in South Texas could have a negative impact on winter wheat production...

Simoneaux, Bryan Edwin

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

16 CSA News March 2013 thanol from corn has been the primary biofuel for liq-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 CSA News March 2013 E thanol from corn has been the primary biofuel for liq- uid fuels in the United States, but perennial cellulosic biofuels are on the horizon. Intensive corn production with large of nitrogen losses on large, tile-drained fields planted with perennial biofuels in the Midwest of the United

DeLucia, Evan H.

133

ETHANOL FROM CORN: CLEAN RENEWABLE FUEL FOR THE FUTURE, OR DRAIN ON OUR RESOURCES AND POCKETS?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, surface water, soil and aquifers. The overall energy balance of corn conversion to ethanol demonstrates that 65% of the input energy is lost during the conversion. Carbon dioxide sequestration by corn, energy balance, ethanol, fuel, nitrate, oxygenate, pollution, sequestration. 1. Background Previous

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

134

FARM NET INCOME IMPACT OF SWITCHGRASS PRODUCTION AND CORN STOVER COLLECTION FOR HEAT AND POWER GENERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FARM NET INCOME IMPACT OF SWITCHGRASS PRODUCTION AND CORN STOVER COLLECTION FOR HEAT AND POWER and Corn Stover Collection for Heat and Power Generation Mitchell A. Myhre Advisor: Associate Professor heat and electric power. To perform this analysis, yield and production potentials were explored

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

135

M. Lelic 12/7/99 1CORNING Inc. L 5033PRE PID Controllers in Nineties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. Lelic 12/7/99 1CORNING Inc. L 5033PRE PID Controllers in Nineties Muhidin Lelic CorningOverview Purpose: extract the essence of the most recent development of PID control Based on the survey of papers-Nichols based PIDs (10) Frequency domain based PIDs (22) Relay based PIDs (29) Optimization methods based PIDs

Gajic, Zoran

136

Increasing corn for biofuel production reduces biocontrol services in agricultural landscapes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 5, 2008 (received for review May 22, 2008) Increased demand for corn grain as an ethanol feedstock of cellulosic ethanol production processes that use a variety of feedstocks could foster increased diversity has driven a rapid expansion of the corn ethanol industry in the United States. Continuing growth

Landis, Doug

137

Global Indirect Effects of U.S. Corn Ethanol Production: A Review of the Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Indirect Effects of U.S. Corn Ethanol Production: A Review of the Evidence Energy security) requires 36 billion gallons of ethanol by 2022 to replace about 20 percent of U.S. gasoline consumption. Since 2001 ethanol produc- tion, mainly from corn, has increased dramatically at an annual average

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

138

Coproducts From Corn Processing 47 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. 128, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased demand for ethanol as a fuel additive has resulted in dramatic growth in ethanol production production was 3 billion gal/yr (1). Much of the fuel ethanol production capacity in the United States. Ethanol is produced from corn by either wet milling or dry-grind processing. In wet milling, the corn

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

139

The effect of CO regulations on the cost of corn ethanol production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of CO 2 regulations on the cost of corn ethanol production This article has been) 024003 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/2/024003 The effect of CO2 regulations on the cost of corn ethanol the effect of CO2 price on the effective cost of ethanol production we have developed a model that integrates

Kammen, Daniel M.

140

Supercritical carbon dioxide pretreatment of corn stover and switchgrass for lignocellulosic ethanol production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethanol production Naveen Narayanaswamy a , Ahmed Faik b , Douglas J. Goetz a , Tingyue Gu a, a Department). Increased demand in biofuels cannot be met by the use of corn and sugarcane. In the US, corn ethanol has in and Liska, 2007). The production of lignocellulosic ethanol from biomass gener- ally involves four major

Gu, Tingyue

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM WET OXIDSED CORN STOVER USING PRE-TREATED MANURE AS A NUTRIENT SOURCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 65% of total available ethanol yield (based on the cellulose content in 100 g untreated corn stover resource for renewable fuel-ethanol production. Cellulose and hemicellulose, which are the principal, Roskilde, Denmark ABSTRACT: In the present study ethanol was produced from wet oxidised corn stover

142

South Corning, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd JumpGTZ Partner Central Energy FundInformationSouth CentralCorning is a

143

Denton Wheat : A New Variety for North Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'3 Feed Inspector W. E. FLINT, B. S., Agronomist W. D. NORTHCU~,'~~.', B. S., Feed Inspector PUBLICATIONS: SIDNEY D. REYNOLDS, JR., Feed Insprctor A. D. JACKSON. Chief P. A. MOORE, Feed Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1, Beeville, Bee County: No. 10... U. S. Department 'of Agriculture. ***In cooperation w~th the School of Agriculture. SYNOPSIS Denton wheat is a pure-line selection of Mediterranean wheat, developed by Texas Substation No. 6 at Denton, Texas. It represents the chief product of a...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph); Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch)

1928-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

163Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 45 (2005) 163173 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw treated with or without HCl on blood to study the effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw (AWS) and hydrochloric acid treated ammoniated wheat straw (HCl-AWS) on blood biochemical changes. The animals were offered a concentrate mixture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Update of distillers grains displacement ratios for corn ethanol life-cycle analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of corn-based ethanol (either by wet milling or by dry milling) yields the following coproducts: distillers grains with solubles (DGS), corn gluten meal (CGM), corn gluten feed (CGF), and corn oil. Of these coproducts, all except corn oil can replace conventional animal feeds, such as corn, soybean meal, and urea. Displacement ratios of corn-ethanol coproducts including DGS, CGM, and CGF were last updated in 1998 at a workshop at Argonne National Laboratory on the basis of input from a group of experts on animal feeds, including Prof. Klopfenstein (University of Nebraska, Lincoln), Prof. Berger (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign), Mr. Madson (Rapheal Katzen International Associates, Inc.), and Prof. Trenkle (Iowa State University) (Wang 1999). Table 1 presents current dry milling coproduct displacement ratios being used in the GREET model. The current effort focuses on updating displacement ratios of dry milling corn-ethanol coproducts used in the animal feed industry. Because of the increased availability and use of these coproducts as animal feeds, more information is available on how these coproducts replace conventional animal feeds. To glean this information, it is also important to understand how industry selects feed. Because of the wide variety of available feeds, animal nutritionists use commercial software (such as Brill Formulation{trademark}) for feed formulation. The software recommends feed for the animal on the basis of the nutritional characteristics, availability, and price of various animal feeds, as well as on the nutritional requirements of the animal (Corn Refiners Association 2006). Therefore, feed formulation considers both the economic and the nutritional characteristics of feed products.

Arora, S.; Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Attitudes towards the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly in Saskatchewan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attitudes towards the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly in Saskatchewan: A research brief December 2011 Saskatchewan Election Study team Dr. Michael Atkinson, Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy Dr. David McGrane, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan Dr. Loleen Berdahl, University

Saskatchewan, University of

147

Roasted Pumpkin with Lentils, Wheat Berries, and Romesco Sauce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2 tablespoons cooking oil 1/2 cup lentils, cooked until tender 1/2 cup wheat berries, cooked until tender 1. In a large sauté pan, heat the cooking oil until hot. Sprinkle the pumpkin wedges with salt and pepper minutes, or until the pumpkin can be easily pierced with the tip of a knife. Reserve. 3. Cook the lentils

Spence, Harlan Ernest

148

Corn Meal in the Food Supply of Texans.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the non-enriched meal makes a variable contribution to the value of the corresponding enriched meal. TABLE 2. THIAMINE CONTENT OF CORN ME : ALS Mcg/g wet basis1 Kind of Non-enriched Enriche meal No. No. repli- Range Av. repli- Range Av. cations...-enriched Enriched Non-enriched Enriched bread No. repli- Range Avm NO. repli- Range cations Av. Range Av. Range Av. cations i Texas Tech. Sour milk Everlite 3 1.40 2 1.35 1.35 1.44 1.51 2.29 2.26 i::: 2.36 1.43 2.24 Aunt Jemima Sweet milk 1.28 1.40 2...

Winters, Jet C.; Scoular, Florence I.; McLaughlin, Laura; Lamb, Mina W.; Whitacre, Jessie

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Developing and Testing a Trafficability Index for Planting Corn and Cotton in the Texas Blackland Prairie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, three workable soil moisture regimes were recreated in no-tillage and conventional tillage plots at the Stiles Farm Foundation in Thrall, Texas. The index nomenclature included: "Dry-Workable", "Optimal" and "Wet-Workable". After planting corn and cotton...

Helms, Adam J.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

150

Owens Corning and Silicon Valley Power Partner to Make Energy Savings a Reality (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study describes how the Owens Corning plant in Santa Clara, California, participated in Save Energy Now energy assessments and used Silicon Valley Power utility incentives to save $252,000.

Not Available

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Iowa farmer hopes corn cobs will bring in extra cash | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

supply the United States with a biofuel that may have a promising future: cellulosic ethanol. He grows corn and soybeans at his farm in Cylinder, a little community of about 100...

152

Energy Efficiency Improvements and Cost Saving Opportunities in the Corn Wet Milling Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry in the food and kindred products group (SIC 20). Plants typically spend approximately $15 to 25 million per year on energy, one of its largest operating costs, making energy efficiency...

Galitsky, C.; Worrell, E.

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian corn borer Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to 1 and 14 inches long when mature. COMMON HOST PLANT(S): Tomato, corn, pepper and potato... weeds in late summer or early fall are the overwintering stage of stalk borers....

154

Interrelationships among alternative export variables and their impacts on corn prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

export variable. Corn export sales data (collected by USDA since 1973) provide an additional source of information on export movements, thus offering an alternative export demand indicator. Data on commercial stocks at terminals and port elevators...). The primary objective of this study was to assess the impacts of these alternative export variables (sales, stocks, and shipments) on corn prices, and to investigate the dynamic interrelationships among these variables. The observations were carried out...

Clarke, Somkid Tammakrut

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Dust suppression results using mineral oil applications on corn and milo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution (MCPSD) analysis, to determine the amount and particle size of the dust captured on the grain surface. Statistical analyses were performed on the effects due to dust concentration, mineral oil application and mineral oil*dust interaction. Each... TO CORN BENEFITS OF ADDING MINERAL OIL TO MILO 96 . 97 23 TREATMENT DESCRIPTION OP CORN SAMPLES USED FOR TESTING. 104 TREATMENT DESCRIPTION OF MILO SAMPLES USED FOR TESTING, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION STATISTICS...

Wardlaw, Herman Douglas

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Interactions between the herbicide CGA-136872 and selected soil-applied insecticides in corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE HERBICIDE CGA-136872 AND SELECTED SOIL-APPLIED INSECTICIDES IN CORN A Thesis by DARRIN LOUIS BIEDIGER Approved as to style and content by M. G. Merkle (Co-Chair of Committee) D. N. Weaver (Co-Chair of Committee) I.... M. Chandler (Member) P. A. Baumann (Member) F. W. Plapp (Member) E. C. A. Rouge (Head of Department) May 1991 ABSTRACT Interactions Between the Herbicide CGA-136872 and Selected Soil-Applied Insecticides in Corn. (May 1991) Darrin L...

Biediger, Darrin Louis

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Study of the Black and the Yellow Molds of Ear Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corn from t Lrne cause, it map be asserted that the Texas growers are sustaini yearly loss of $5,818,349. The thoughtful farmer will at once real the importance of being able to save this unnecessary waste. It sho~ be added that as far as the corn.... 25 onions, fully grown bulbs. .......... 25 onions, fully grown bulbs. .......... 25 onlons fully grown bulb;. .......... 25 onions' fully grown bulbs ......... 25 tuber$'Irish potatoes, var: ~ountain A. niger from cott ........... 'Irish...

Taubenhaus, J. J. (Jacob Joseph)

1920-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Incorporating risk and uncertainty into extension applications: case example -- the wheat and stocker cattle grazing evaluator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. , or the additional working capital needed to finance a stocker operation. The producer may decide against owning stockers if his price projections indicate the enterprise would be unprofitable. Should he prefer wheat pasture leasing, an acceptable leasing... for both wheat and stocker cattle production, and may choose several stocker cattle grazing strategies these include owning stocker catle as well as leasing wheat pasture for grazing. Finally, the user specifies correlations between each pair of random...

Ralston, Roger E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian bread wheat Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Salad, Pimento Cheese, Ham & Turkey Served on White and Wheat Bread Pickle Potato Chips Cookie Coke Source: Consortium for Fossil Fuel Science, C1 Chemistry Program...

160

Thermal Properties of Starch From New Corn Lines as Impacted by Environment and During Line Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this research were to further characterize exotic by adapted corn inbreds by studying the impact of environment on their starch thermal properties, and investigating the development of starch thermal properties during kernel maturation by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A method to expedite identification of unusual starch thermal traits was investigated by examining five corn kernels at a time, instead of one kernel, which the previous screening methods used. Corn lines with known thermal functions were blended with background starch (control) in ratios of unique starch to control starch, and analyzed by using DSC. Control starch was representative of typical corn starch. The values for each ratio within a mutant type were unique ({alpha} < 0.01) for most DSC measurements. These results supported the five-kernel method for rapidly screening large amounts of corn germplasm to identify unusual starch traits. The effects of 5 growing locations on starch thermal properties from exotic by adapted corn and Corn Belt lines were studied using DSC. The warmest location, Missouri, generally produced starch with greater gelatinization onset temperature (T{sub oG}), narrower range of gelatinization (R{sub G}), and greater enthalpy of gelatinization ({Delta}H{sub G}). The coolest location, Illinois, generally resulted in starch with lower T{sub oG}, wider R{sub G}, and lower {Delta}H{sub G}. Starch from the Ames 1 farm had thermal properties similar to those of Illinois, whereas starch from the Ames 2 farm had thermal properties similar to those of Missouri. The temperature at Ames 2 may have been warmer since it was located near a river; however, soil type and quality also were different. Final corn starch structure and function change during development and maturity. Thus, the changes in starch thermal properties during 5 stages of endosperm development from exotic by adapted corn and Corn Belt lines at two locations were studied by using DSC. The T{sub oG} tended to decrease during maturation of the kernel, whereas the {Delta}H{sub G} tended not to change. Retrogradation parameters did not vary greatly among days after pollination (DAP) and between locations. Genotypes were affected differently by environments and significant interactions were found between genotype, environment,and DAP.

Elizabeth M. Lenihan

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Phosphorus Compounds of Cotton Seed Meal and Wheat Bran.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

claimed, and especially that cottonseed meal does not contain meta- or pyrophos- phoric acid. The work presented in this bulletin is a continuation of the above study of the forms of phosphorus compounds in cottonseed mea], together... with an investigation of the acid-soluble phosphorus com? pounds of wheat bran. REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Hardin states (Bulletin 8, Dew series. South Carolina ExperimeDt Sta? tion) that cottonseed meal consists largely of meta- and pyrophosphoric acids. Crawford (Jour...

Rather, J. B. (James Burness)

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Effect of Tillage on Alfalfa N Credit to Winter Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Tillage on Alfalfa N Credit to Winter Wheat K. A. Kelling, P. E. Speth and T. Wood-99 Lancaster 98-99 Soil Plano sil Plano sil Fayette sil Alfalfa condition · Stand age/stand denstiy (plants/ft2) 1.6 2.7 1.9 · Amount of regrowth (inches) 8 7 14 · Alfalfa kill date 24 Sept 97 20 Aug 98 4 Sept 98

Balser, Teri C.

163

Effects of hydrocolloids on processing and qualities of wheat tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND METHODS . Preliminary Approach Wheat Flour . Tortilla Ingredients . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tortilla Preparation . Processing Evaluation of Mixing Properties of Doughs Tortilla Shelf-Life . Tortilla Characteristics Tortilla Textural Quality...). Lipids in the dough structure have been reported to enhance air holding capacity, as well as facilitating dough handling and processing (Larsson, 1982; Pomeranz, 1980). Staling is a major problem of cereal-based food products such as bread...

Friend, Christopher Patric

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Field Experiments at McKinney Sub-Station and Wichita Falls Sub-Station with Wheat, Corn, Cotton, Grasses and Manures. Field Experiments at College Station with Corn, Cotton, Grasses, Peas and Manures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cracken . . ............................... Smooth . . . . . . . . 17 .18 ..... . 206 White Frack .................................. do ......... Hi.29 .... .. 207 Lebanon ................................... Bearded ........ 23.55 3.43. 208 Bodine E., 0. K. West .... . ................. Smooth...

Connell, J. H.; Clayton, James

1895-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Techno-economic analysis of using corn stover to supply heat and power to a corn ethanol plant - Part 1: Cost of feedstock supply logistics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supply of corn stover to produce heat and power for a typical 170 dam3 dry mill ethanol plant is proposed. The corn ethanol plant requires 5.6 MW of electricity and 52.3 MW of process heat, which creates the annual stover demand of as much as 140 Gg. The corn stover supply system consists of collection, preprocessing, transportation and on-site fuel storage and preparation to produce heat and power for the ethanol plant. Economics of the entire supply system was conducted using the Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics (IBSAL) simulation model. Corn stover was delivered in three formats (square bales, dry chops and pellets) to the combined heat and power plant. Delivered cost of biomass ready to be burned was calculated at 73 $ Mg-1 for bales, 86 $ Mg-1 for pellets and 84 $ Mg-1 for field chopped biomass. Among the three formats of stover supply systems, delivered cost of pelleted biomass was the highest due to high pelleting cost. Bulk transport of biomass in the form of chops and pellets can provide a promising future biomass supply logistic system in the US, if the costs of pelleting and transport are minimized.

Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Mani, Sudhagar [University of Georgia; Togore, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

J.-P. Denuit et al.Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato Original article  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J.-P. Denuit et al.Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato Original article Management of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat and potato crops using the chlorophyll meter for crop results from a new field-scale N management strategy for winter wheat and potato crops in Belgium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

A case study of agricultural residue availability and cost for a cellulosic ethanol conversion facility in the Henan province of China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary analysis of the availability and cost of corn stover and wheat straw for the area surrounding a demonstration biorefinery in the Henan Province of China was performed as a case study of potential cooperative analyses of bioenergy feedstocks between researchers and industry in the US and China. Though limited in scope, the purpose of this analysis is to provide insight into some of the issues and challenges of estimating feedstock availability in China and how this relates to analyses of feedstocks in the U.S. Completing this analysis also highlighted the importance of improving communication between U.S. researchers and Chinese collaborators. Understanding the units and terms used in the data provided by Tianguan proved to be a significant challenge. This was further complicated by language barriers between collaborators in the U.S. and China. The Tianguan demonstration biorefinery has a current capacity of 3k tons (1 million gallons) of cellulosic ethanol per year with plans to scale up to 10k tons (3.34 million gallons) per year. Using data provided by Tianguan staff in summer of 2011, the costs and availability of corn stover and wheat straw were estimated. Currently, there are sufficient volumes of wheat straw and corn stover that are considered 'waste' and would likely be available for bioenergy in the 20-km (12-mile) region surrounding the demonstration biorefinery at a low cost. However, as the industry grows, competition for feedstock will grow and prices are likely to rise as producers demand additional compensation to fully recover costs.

Webb, Erin [ORNL; Wu, Yun [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield, and Michael Wang. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield.34. Keywords: Ethanol, net energy balance, corn production, energy. About the Authors Shapouri and Duffield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Energy Balance Issue

Laughlin, Robert B.

169

Winnowing Wheat from Chaff: The Chunking GA Hal Stringer and Annie S. Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a farmer who separates wheat from the chaff. We refer to this property as the "winnowing effectWinnowing Wheat from Chaff: The Chunking GA Hal Stringer and Annie S. Wu School of Computer Science are then made available to other individuals in the population for evolving potential future solutions. The Ch

Wu, Annie S.

170

EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL1 PROPERTIES OF WHEAT, WAXY AND STANDARD MAIZE STARCHES2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL1 PROPERTIES OF WHEAT, WAXY AND STANDARD MAIZE.10.005 #12;2 ABSTRACT18 Standard maize (SMS), waxy maize (WMS) and wheat (WTS) starches were19 hydrothermally treated at three pressure levels. Effects of D.I.C. processing conditions20 on thermal characteristics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

A comparative risk assessment of genetically engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production systems Robert K.D. Peterson* & Leslie M. Shama Agricultural and Biological Risk Assessment engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems. Replacement of traditional herbicides with different wheat production systems in the US and Canada using the risk assessment paradigm. Specifically, we

Peterson, Robert K. D.

172

The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regions for cooler canopies, heat susceptible index, and grain yield components in winter wheat. This project aims to define the role that leaf epicuticular wax (EW) plays as a drought adaptive trait in terms of yield stability. A spring wheat Len...

Mohammed, Suheb

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nutrient Management of Conservation-Till Cotton in Terminated-Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nutrient Management of Conservation- Till Cotton in Terminated-Wheat K.F. Bronson, J.W. Keeling, R, respectively. #12;A conservation-till cotton production system using wheat or rye winter cover, terminated (Lascano et al., 1994). Conservation-till cotton in the High Plains can be as productive as and more

Mukhtar, Saqib

174

Elements of Dry-Grind Corn-Processing Streams 113 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. 134, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ethanol as a fuel additive, ethanol production has increased markedly in the past decade. Ethanol-grind corn process is one of two technologies used to convert corn into ethanol. In this process, all kernel with solubles; ethanol; dry-grind processing; stillage; syrup; element concentrations. #12;114 Belyea et al

175

Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U essential to an informed choice about the corn-to-ethanol cycle are in need of updating, thanks to scientific and technological advances in both corn farming and ethanol production; and (2) generalized

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

176

The effect of antimicrobial agents and modified atmosphere packaging on the microbial shelf life of corn tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IX Experiment ?1: pHa and colorb of corn tortillas pack- aged (and stored) in polyethylene and modified atmos- phere bagsc 76 X Experiment ?1: shelf life of corn tortillas packaged in plastic and MAPa bags and stored at 25' and 4'C...

Tellez-Giron, Alfredo

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

ATTRIBUTES OF A VIABLE LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOFUEL FORAGE CROP Chad Martin, Renewable Energy Extension Specialist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production of energy from biomass feedstocks has received much attention across the U.S. in recent times. This is due in part because of the country’s desire for domestically produced energy, and to minimize carbon emissions and other greenhouse gases. Lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks can be categorized into woody feedstocks (e.g. dedicated fast growing trees for energy such as hybrid poplars and willows, wood residues, wood chips and mill wastes), agricultural crop residues (e.g. corn stover and wheat straw) and herbaceous energy crops (e.g. switchgrass and miscanthus) The imposing opportunity for

Klein Ileleji; Assistant Professor; Extension Engineer

178

A First-Law Thermodynamic Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes energy efficiency of the industrial corn-ethanol cycle. In particular, it critically evaluates earlier publications by DOE, USDA, and UC Berkeley Energy Resources Group. It is demonstrated that most of the current First Law net-energy models of the industrial corn-ethanol cycle are based on nonphysical assumptions and should be viewed with caution. In particular, these models do not (i) define the system boundaries, (ii) conserve mass, and (iii) conserve energy. The energy cost of producing and refining carbon fuels in real time, for example, corn and ethanol, is high relative to that of fossil fuels deposited and concentrated over geological time. Proper mass and energy balances of corn fields and ethanol refineries that account for the photosynthetic energy, part of the environment restoration work, and the coproduct energy have been formulated. These balances show that energetically production of ethanol from corn is 2-4 times less favorable than production of gasoline from petroleum. From thermodynamics it also follows that ecological damage wrought by industrial biofuel production must be severe. With the DDGS coproduct energy credit, 3.9 gallons of ethanol displace on average the energy in 1 gallon of gasoline. Without the DDGS energy credit, this average number is 6.2 gallons of ethanol. Equivalent CO{sub 2} emissions from corn ethanol are some 50% higher than those from gasoline, and become 100% higher if methane emissions from cows fed with DDGS are accounted for. From the mass balance of soil it follows that ethanol coproducts should be returned to the fields.

Patzek, Tad W. [University of California, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (United States)], E-mail: patzek@patzek.berkeley.edu

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Factors affecting the efficiency of the mechanical corn picker in Mississippi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. piciher s C~eett, Ph pt. hee nee ste-pes en hens Pets seethes e nle harvest approximately h75 acre pex. hour, depending on ths field con ditions and field cise General dimensions and s cificaticns, The machine weighs approxi mateIy 1~509 pounds...) picker net yield& {2) picker losses, (3) loose eax' losses x and (4) shelled cox?l losses s The last operation cr factor studied before the corn pickax' was operated in the corn plots wss to search for loose ears that, msy' have been knocked off...

Kimbrough, Emmett Alexander

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

Water Conservation in Southern Great Plains Wheat Production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wind erosion damage was reduced. Zievc use 01 areas -.!-P-l ticabili rnethw ertheless, water conservation alone is not enough to make the best F current soil and water resources available in the winter wheat of the Texas high plains. The amount... and distribution of seasonal rainrail naturally vary so much that a definite program of flexibility in the use of summer fallowing, tillage methods, and the rotation of diversi- fied crops becomes a physical necessity. The combined objectives of wind erosion...

Finnell, H. H. (Henry Howard)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Wheat Ridge, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to:Westview, Florida: Energy ResourcesWexfordWharton,What'sWheat

182

EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN U.S. ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM CORN GRAIN, CORN STOVER, AND SWITCHGRASS ON WORLD AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AND TRADE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The authors do note that assumptions regarding yield growth and the feasibility of expanding corn acres significantly affect the model outcome. Islas, Manzini, and Masera (2007) examined various scenarios of bioenergy use in Mexico based on moderate... and high usage of bioenergy in the electricity and transportation sectors. The authors analyzed three scenarios from 2005 to 2030. Results of their model indicate that ethanol, biodiesel, and electricity produced from biomass could make up 16...

Campiche, Jody L.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

183

suggesting that fibre may be the active fraction. In experiment 3, lucerne meal, oat hulls, beet pulp and wheat straw were compared, at the same level (7.8 p. 100) of dietary fibre. Only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lucerne proteins by those of soyabean meal or milk powder in a balanced diet for growing rabbits of dehydrated lucerne meal (DLM) on diet utilization by growing rabbits. Sixty young male rabbits (N. Z. Whitesuggesting that fibre may be the active fraction. In experiment 3, lucerne meal, oat hulls, beet

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

184

Would the heat of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water temperature or the roots of typical Nebraska crops like corn, soybeans, alfalfa? Would  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperature or the roots of typical Nebraska crops like corn, soybeans, alfalfa? Would crop yield likely

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

185

MICHIGAN'S SOIL NITRATE TEST FOR CORN MSU SOIL AND PLANT NUTRIENT LAB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICHIGAN'S SOIL NITRATE TEST FOR CORN MSU SOIL AND PLANT NUTRIENT LAB Michigan State University Extension Crop and Soil Sciences Department Michigan State University WHY TEST SOIL FOR NITRATES Nitrate testing of soil is an excellent and inexpensive way of evaluating the available nitrogen (N) status

Isaacs, Rufus

186

USDA Projections of Bioenergy-Related Corn and Soyoil Use for 2010-2019  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USDA Projections of Bioenergy-Related Corn and Soyoil Use for 2010-2019 Daniel M. O released long term projections for grain and energy markets at its 2010 Agricultural Outlook Forum, and the quantity of U.S. feedgrains and oilseeds to be used in bioenergy production processes, The USDA's long term

187

GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1 , S. Hatten2 , W in the seed industry, new applications emerge for mapping, analysis, and interpretation of cultivar. In addition, a geospatial framework was developed to identify the soil landscapes that had the best soil

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

188

Impact of surfactants on pretreatment of corn stover Qing Qing, Bin Yang 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

glycol 4000 during water-only or dilute acid pretreatment of corn stover at 140­220 °C were evaluated energy security, trade deficit, environmental, and economic issues that are becoming more urgent in light of declining petroleum reserves and increasing international demand for transportation fuels. However

California at Riverside, University of

189

Forest Fuel Reduction Survey Analysis: Forest Administrators Cornelis F. de Hoop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Fuel Reduction Survey Analysis: Forest Administrators by Cornelis F. de Hoop Amith Hanumappa to seriously investigate and execute the methods required to carry out a successful fuel reduction project operations wherein fuel reduction is a primary management objective. Literature on this wave of activity

Wu, Qinglin

190

Cornelis Zwaan, open principle, and the future of high-resolution solar telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cornelis Zwaan, open principle, and the future of high-resolution solar telescopes Robert H erected up till 30 m height with sensors at several heights for the measurement of temperature; (iii) the design consequences for the new generation of high-resolution solar telescopes. Keywords

Rutten, Rob

191

The Integrated Biorefinery: Conversion of Corn Fiber to Value-added Chemicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation provides a summary of Michigan Biotechnology Institute's efforts to employ the corn fiber fraction of a dry grind ethanol plant as a feedstock to produce succinic acid which has potential as a building block intermediate for a wide range of commodity chemicals.

Susanne Kleff

2007-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

192

Coupling Elastic Solids with SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci Jens Cornelis Gizem Akinci Matthias Teschner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the remainder of this section, we discuss the existing works about solid boundary handling in SPH (Sec. 1 these issues, for handling solid boundaries in SPH, most of the existing works rely on boundary particles, eCoupling Elastic Solids with SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci Jens Cornelis Gizem Akinci Matthias Teschner

Teschner, Matthias

193

Examining strategies to improve the carbon balance of corn/soybean agriculture using eddy covariance and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if it occurs rapidly. Consequently, there is intense interest in finding ways to damp projected changesExamining strategies to improve the carbon balance of corn/soybean agriculture using eddy There is much interest in the role that agricultural practices might play in sequestering carbon to help offset

Minnesota, University of

194

Agricultural Robot Turning in the Headland of Corn Fields Jinlin Xue1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of variable FOV of camera. A settled FOV has been always used in autonomous vehicles for field applications so robot in corn fields. 1. Introduction Since agricultural vehicle navigation based on machine vision was first proposed, methods based on machine vision have been studied extensively in agricultural vehicles

195

Direct application of West Coast geothermal resources in a wet-corn-milling plant. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The engineering and economic feasibility of using the geothermal resources in East Mesa, California, in a new corn processing plant is evaluated. Institutional barriers were also identified and evaluated. Several alternative plant designs which used geothermal energy were developed. A capital cost estimate and rate of return type of economic analysis were performed to evaluate each alternative. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fractionation of phenolic compounds from a purple corn extract and evaluation of antioxidant and antimutagenic activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

anthocyanin-glucosides. Cyadinin-3glucoside was the main constituent (44.4 ?? 4.7%) followed by the acylated cyanidin-3-glucoside (26.9 ?? 8.0%). Other phenolic compounds present in the purple corn corresponded to protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, and p...

Pedreschi, Romina Paola

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

197

Wednesday, July 19, 2006 Researchers use corn waste to generate electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to manufacture ethanol, but to generate electricity directly. "People are looking at using cellulose to make ethanol," said Bruce E. Logan, the Kappe professor of environmental engineering. "You can make ethanol stover is left unused in the field. Corn stover is about 70 percent cellulose or hemicellulose, complex

198

Wheat Gray Shorts for the Prevention of Slipped Tendons in Battery Brooder Chicks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the variations in the percentages of calcium and phosphorus studied. Rations containing 1.90-1.93 percent calcium and .87-.99 percent phosphorus, even though pro- tected by twenty and thirty percent wheat gray shorts, produced more slipped tendons than did... rations containing 1.20-1.62 per- cent cajlcium and ,5647 percent phosphorus. CONTENTS Page Introduction 5 Previous Work 5 Method of Procedure 7 Experimental Results 10 Comparison of no Wheat Gray Shorts with Twenty Percent Wheat Gray Shorts...

Sherwood, R. M. (Ross Madison); Couch, James Russell

1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Size reduction of high- and low-moisture corn stalks by linear knife grid system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High- and low-moisture corn stalks were tested using a linear knife grid size reduction device developed for first-stage size reduction. The device was used in conjunction with a universal test machine that quantified shearing stress and energy characteristics for forcing a bed of corn stalks through a grid of sharp knives. No published engineering performance data for corn stover with similar devices are available to optimize performance; however, commercial knife grid systems exist for forage size reduction. From the force displacement data, mean and maximum ultimate shear stresses, cumulative and peak mass-based cutting energies for corn stalks, and mean new surface area-based cutting energies were determined from 4 5 refill runs at two moisture contents (78.8% and 11.3% wet basis), three knife grid spacings (25.4, 50.8, and 101.6 mm), and three bed depths (50.8, 101.6, and 152.4 mm). In general, the results indicated that peak failure load, ultimate shear stress, and cutting energy values varied directly with bed depth and inversely with knife grid spacing. Mean separation analysis established that high- and low-moisture conditions and bed depths 101.6 mm did not differ significantly (P < 0.05) for ultimate stress and cutting energy values, but knife grid spacing were significantly different. Linear knife grid cutting energy requirements for both moisture conditions of corn stalks were much smaller than reported cutting energy requirements. Ultimate shear stress and cutting energy results of this research should aid the engineering design of commercial scale linear knife gird size reduction equipment for various biomass feedstocks.

Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Narayan, S. [First American Scientific Co.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Development of a performance-based industrial energy efficiency indicator for corn refining plants.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organizations that implement strategic energy management programs have the potential to achieve sustained energy savings if the programs are carried out properly. A key opportunity for achieving energy savings that plant managers can take is to determine an appropriate level of energy performance by comparing their plant's performance with that of similar plants in the same industry. Manufacturing facilities can set energy efficiency targets by using performance-based indicators. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), through its ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} program, has been developing plant energy performance indicators (EPIs) to encourage a variety of U.S. industries to use energy more efficiently. This report describes work with the corn refining industry to provide a plant-level indicator of energy efficiency for facilities that produce a variety of products--including corn starch, corn oil, animal feed, corn sweeteners, and ethanol--for the paper, food, beverage, and other industries in the United States. Consideration is given to the role that performance-based indicators play in motivating change; the steps needed to develop indicators, including interacting with an industry to secure adequate data for an indicator; and the actual application and use of an indicator when complete. How indicators are employed in the EPA's efforts to encourage industries to voluntarily improve their use of energy is discussed as well. The report describes the data and statistical methods used to construct the EPI for corn refining plants. Individual equations are presented, as are the instructions for using them in an associated Excel spreadsheet.

Boyd, G. A.; Decision and Information Sciences; USEPA

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Future of Corn-Ethanol in Fuel Sector of United States from Environmental and Economic Standpoint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per gallon to the cost. ? Corn production in the U.S. erodes soil about 12 times faster than the soil can be reformed and irrigating corn mines groundwater 25 percent faster than the natural recharge rate of ground water. The environmental system...-products. Shapouri and Graboski estimates NEV of 16,193 Btu/gal. They indicate that ethanol production utilizes abundant domestic energy supplies of coal and natural gas to convert corn into a premium liquid fuel that can replace petroleum imports by a factor of 7...

Tulva, Arya Nath

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

Corn versus three sorghums grown under the same dryland conditions as feeds for growing-finishing swine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), received the same fertilisation rate and. were cleaned prior to feeding. The four gra, ins and the diets in which they werc used were designated. : corn, non-yellow sorghum (N-Y), hetero-yellow sorghum (H-Y) and yellow sorghum (Y). The grains...-Y sorghum to S. 02fo for the N-Y sorghum. Lysinc content was higher in corn than the average of the sorghums (0. 25 us. 0. 22fo). Corn had a. slightly higher gross energy value (8. 97 kcal/g) than the average of the sorghums (g. 94 kcal/g) which resulted...

Meadows, Doyle Gene

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid aphis glycines Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis ... Source: Jurenka, Russell A. -...

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid aphis craccivora Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

padi wheat, barley, oats, rye, triticale, corn Buckthorn aphid Aphis nasturtii potato, beets Corn leaf... aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis ... Source: Jurenka, Russell A. -...

205

Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Management for Winter Wheat Production in the Blackland Prairie.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limited soil moisture, larger winter wheat plants that are de veloped due to excessive rates of fertilizer which stimulated early season growth may experience severe moisture stress, resulting in lower grain yield than wheat fertilized at sufficient... (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), boron (B), mo lybdenum (Mo), and chlorine (Cl), are required in trace amounts for optimum plant growth plus maximum grain yield, but can be toxic at even slightly excessive levels. Soil levels...

Knowles, Tim C.; Hipp, Billy W.; Marshall, David S.; Sutton, Russelll L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Effects of polyols on processing and qualities of wheat tortillas / by Elly Lusia Dewi Suhendro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1992) Elly Lusia Dewi Suhendro, B. S. , Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Ralph D. Waniska Effects of polyols on processing of hot-press wheat tortillas were evaluated. Hot-press wheat tortillas with 0... mixing characteristics and machinability, tortillas characteristics, rollability over time, sensory evaluation, water holding capacity (WHC), molecular dispersion of starch and water activity were determined. Low protein (10. 2%) flour required less...

Suhendro, Elly Lusia Dewi

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The vitamin B? content of rust resistant and susceptible strains of wheat and oats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Legend of symbols used in statistical tables . . . . . . . . . . , . . . 51 16 Statistical analysis of the vitamin B6 content of resistant and susceptible isogenic lines 1106 and 1107 of wheat under field conditions in 1957-58 by individual com...- parison 17, Statistical analysis of the vitamin B6 content of resis- tant and susceptible isogenic lines 1106 and 1107 of wheat under field conditions in 1958-59 by individual comparison 18. Statistical analysis of the vitamin B6 content of resis...

Hobbs, Clifford Dean

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides required documentation that Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

209

Energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of corn and cellulosic ethanol with technology improvements and land use changes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of ethanol as a transportation fuel in the United States has grown from 76 dam{sup 3} in 1980 to over 40.1 hm{sup 3} in 2009 - and virtually all of it has been produced from corn. It has been debated whether using corn ethanol results in any energy and greenhouse gas benefits. This issue has been especially critical in the past several years, when indirect effects, such as indirect land use changes, associated with U.S. corn ethanol production are considered in evaluation. In the past three years, modeling of direct and indirect land use changes related to the production of corn ethanol has advanced significantly. Meanwhile, technology improvements in key stages of the ethanol life cycle (such as corn farming and ethanol production) have been made. With updated simulation results of direct and indirect land use changes and observed technology improvements in the past several years, we conducted a life-cycle analysis of ethanol and show that at present and in the near future, using corn ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emission by more than 20%, relative to those of petroleum gasoline. On the other hand, second-generation ethanol could achieve much higher reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In a broader sense, sound evaluation of U.S. biofuel policies should account for both unanticipated consequences and technology potentials. We maintain that the usefulness of such evaluations is to provide insight into how to prevent unanticipated consequences and how to promote efficient technologies with policy intervention.

Wang, M.; Han, J.; Haq, Z; Tyner, .W.; Wu, M.; Elgowainy, A. (Energy Systems)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Enzymatic Digestibility of Corn Stover Fractions in Response to Fungal Pretreatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corn stover fractions (leaves, cobs, and stalks) were studied for enzymatic digestibility after pretreatment with a white rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. Among the three fractions, leaves had the least recalcitrance to fungal pretreatment and the lignin degradation reached 45% after 30 days of pretreatment. The lignin degradation of stalks and cobs was similar but was significantly lower than that of leaves (p < 0.05). For all fractions, xylan and glucan degradation followed a pattern similar to lignin degradation, with leaves having a significantly higher percentage of degradation (p < 0.05). Hydrolytic enzyme activity also revealed that the fungus was more active in the degradation of carbohydrates in leaves. As a result of fungal pretreatment, the highest sugar yield, however, was obtained with corn cobs.

Cui, Z. F.; Wan, C. X.; Shi, J.; Sykes, R. W.; Li, Y. B.

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3 ? 1.6 Charles' law is sometimes expressed1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw

Findley, Gary L.

212

Prececal, postileal and total tract starch digestion in ponies fed corn, oats, barley or sorghum grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the foot during the acute disease . J. Equine Mad . and Surg. 2: 439. Householder, D. D. 1978. Prececal, postileal and total tract digestion and growth performance in horses fed concentrate rations containing oats or sorghum grain processed by crimping...PRECECAL, POSTILEAL AND TOTAL TRACT STARCH DIGESTION IN PONIES FED CORN, OATS, BARLEY OR SORGHUM GRAIN A Thesis by FAIRFAX FERGUSON ARNOLD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Arnold, Fairfax Ferguson

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Life-cycle assessment of corn-based butanol as a potential transportation fuel.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Butanol produced from bio-sources (such as corn) could have attractive properties as a transportation fuel. Production of butanol through a fermentation process called acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) has been the focus of increasing research and development efforts. Advances in ABE process development in recent years have led to drastic increases in ABE productivity and yields, making butanol production worthy of evaluation for use in motor vehicles. Consequently, chemical/fuel industries have announced their intention to produce butanol from bio-based materials. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential life-cycle energy and emission effects associated with using bio-butanol as a transportation fuel. The study employs a well-to-wheels analysis tool--the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory--and the Aspen Plus{reg_sign} model developed by AspenTech. The study describes the butanol production from corn, including grain processing, fermentation, gas stripping, distillation, and adsorption for products separation. The Aspen{reg_sign} results that we obtained for the corn-to-butanol production process provide the basis for GREET modeling to estimate life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. The GREET model was expanded to simulate the bio-butanol life cycle, from agricultural chemical production to butanol use in motor vehicles. We then compared the results for bio-butanol with those of conventional gasoline. We also analyzed the bio-acetone that is coproduced with bio-butanol as an alternative to petroleum-based acetone. Our study shows that, while the use of corn-based butanol achieves energy benefits and reduces greenhouse gas emissions, the results are affected by the methods used to treat the acetone that is co-produced in butanol plants.

Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Liu, J.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

A Test of the Producing Power of Some Texas Seed Corn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 TEXAS AGRIClnTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. - A BULLETIN NO. 92. Agricultural Seetion-Decem ber 1906. A TEST OF THE PRODUCING POWER OF SOME TEXAS SEED CORN. BY R. L. BENNETT In Charge of Cotton Inve~tigation and Breeding POSTOFFICE... Stenographer STATE SUB-STATIONS. S. A. WASCHKA, Superintendent - Beeville, Bee Countv W. S. HOTCHKISS, Superintendent , - - 'Troupe, Smith Coun NoTE.-The main station is located on the grounds of the Agrieu tzmal and Mechanical College, in Rrazos Coz...

Bennett, R. L. (Robert Love)

1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Development and evaluation of corn cooking procedures for the production of tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each cooking treatment. The texture of the tortillas was then measured by the Instron. Extent of gelatinization via enzyme susceptibility was negatively correlated with the Instron grain shear values. Amylograph peaks and particle size determination... Samples of Corn. Chemical Analysis. Preparation of Nixtamal Preparation of Masa. Preparation of Tortillas Evaluation of Particle Size Measurement of Gelatinization. Evaluation of Optimum Cook Time. Color Measurement and Subjective Tests Evaluation...

Des Rosiers, Mary Candace

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Succinic Acid as a Byproduct in a Corn-based Ethanol Biorefinery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MBI endeavored to develop a process for succinic acid production suitable for integration into a corn-based ethanol biorefinery. The project investigated the fermentative production of succinic acid using byproducts of corn mill operations. The fermentation process was attuned to include raw starch, endosperm, as the sugar source. A clean-not-sterile process was established to treat the endosperm and release the monomeric sugars. We developed the fermentation process to utilize a byproduct of corn ethanol fermentations, thin stillage, as the source of complex nitrogen and vitamin components needed to support succinic acid production in A. succinogenes. Further supplementations were eliminated without lowering titers and yields and a productivity above 0.6 g l-1 hr-1was achieved. Strain development was accomplished through generation of a recombinant strain that increased yields of succinic acid production. Isolation of additional strains with improved features was also pursued and frozen stocks were prepared from enriched, characterized cultures. Two recovery processes were evaluated at pilot scale and data obtained was incorporated into our economic analyses.

MBI International

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

The potential of pyrolysis technology in climate change mitigation – influence of process design and –parameters, simulated in SuperPro Designer Software.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This report investigates whether or not it would be possible to produce carbon-negative energy from pyrolysis of wheat straw in a series of Danish agricultural… (more)

Ahrenfeldt, Jesper

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Using Wild Oat Growth and Development to Develop a Predictive Model for Spring Wheat Growers and Consultants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Wild Oat Growth and Development to Develop a Predictive Model for Spring Wheat Growers Introduction: Wild oat has become an invasive and economically important weedy species in most cereal growing% of the wheat and 72% of barley acres seeded in northwestern Minnesota are infested with wild oat. In the past

Minnesota, University of

219

Uncertainty in Simulating Wheat Yields Under Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anticipating the impacts of climate change on crop yields is critical for assessing future food security. Process-based crop simulation models are the most commonly used tools in such assessments1,2. Analysis of uncertainties in future greenhouse gas emissions and their impacts on future climate change has been increasingly described in the literature3,4 while assessments of the uncertainty in crop responses to climate change are very rare. Systematic and objective comparisons across impact studies is difficult, and thus has not been fully realized5. Here we present the largest coordinated and standardized crop model intercomparison for climate change impacts on wheat production to date. We found that several individual crop models are able to reproduce measured grain yields under current diverse environments, particularly if sufficient details are provided to execute them. However, simulated climate change impacts can vary across models due to differences in model structures and algorithms. The crop-model component of uncertainty in climate change impact assessments was considerably larger than the climate-model component from Global Climate Models (GCMs). Model responses to high temperatures and temperature-by-CO2 interactions are identified as major sources of simulated impact uncertainties. Significant reductions in impact uncertainties through model improvements in these areas and improved quantification of uncertainty through multi-model ensembles are urgently needed for a more reliable translation of climate change scenarios into agricultural impacts in order to develop adaptation strategies and aid policymaking.

Asseng, S.; Ewert, F.; Rosenzweig, C.; Jones, J.W.; Hatfield, Jerry; Ruane, Alex; Boote, K. J.; Thorburn, Peter; Rotter, R.P.; Cammarano, D.; Brisson, N.; Basso, B.; Martre, P.; Aggarwal, P.K.; Angulo, C.; Bertuzzi, P.; Biernath, C.; Challinor, AJ; Doltra, J.; Gayler, S.; Goldberg, R.; Grant, Robert; Heng, L.; Hooker, J.; Hunt, L.A.; Ingwersen, J.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Kersebaum, K.C.; Mueller, C.; Naresh Kumar, S.; Nendel, C.; O'Leary, G.O.; Olesen, JE; Osborne, T.; Palosuo, T.; Priesack, E.; Ripoche, D.; Semenov, M.A.; Shcherbak, I.; Steduto, P.; Stockle, Claudio O.; Stratonovitch, P.; Streck, T.; Supit, I.; Tao, F.; Travasso, M.; Waha, K.; Wallach, D.; White, J.W.; Williams, J.R.; Wolf, J.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The effects of Biozyme on the germination and emergence of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and sweet corn (Zea mays L.) seeds under suboptimal temperatures, pesticide overdose, and salinity stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-decreased bean respiratory quotient and increased sweet corn respiratory quotient. The increase in the respiratory quotient of bean and sweet corn seeds with increasing levels of pesticide suggests an increase in C02 evolution through a pathway that does...

Campos Cruz, Armando

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Characteristics of dough and tortillas prepared with composite wheat-sorghum flours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERISTICS OF DOUGH AND TORTILLAS PREPARED WITH COMPOSITE WHEAT-SORGHUM FLOURS A Tnesis by PATRICIA ISABEL TORRES Submitted to trie Office of Graduate Studies of Texas Adm Urriversiry in par ti al ful fi 1 1 ment of tne requirements... for trre uegr ee of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 198B Mayor SubJect: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF DOUGH AND TORTILLAS PREPARED WITH COMPOSITE WHEAT-SORGHUM FLOURS A Thesis PATRICIA ISABEL TORRES Approved as to style and content by...

Torres, Patricia Isabel

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Imaging Local Chemical Microstructure of Germinated Wheat with Synchrotron Infrared Microspectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spatial resolution enabled by in situ Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy as predicted from our earlier report in Spectroscopy (1) is applied to localized chemical analysis in this vital biological process of seed germination. Germination includes several different biochemical and structural processes. Ultimately, the entire seed is consumed in sustaining the new life that results after sprouting and growth (2-4). Alpha amylase production is the standard evidence for detection of sprouted (germinated) wheat at harvest. Moist preharvest conditions can cause devastating losses and render the harvested wheat unfit for flour production. Dormancy of dry seeds following harvest retards sprouting under proper storage.

Koc,H.; Wetzel, D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

WMU Power Generation Study Task 2.0 Corn Cob Co-Combustion Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much attention has been focused on renewable energy use in large-scale utilities and very small scale distributed energy systems. However, there is little information available regarding renewable energy options for midscale municipal utilities. The Willmar Municipal Utilities Corn Cob-Coal Co-Combustion Project was initiated to investigate opportunities available for small to midscale municipal utilities to "go green". The overall goal of the Project was to understand the current t'enewable energy research and energy efficiency projects that are or have been implemented at both larger and smaller scale and determine the applicability to midscale municipal utilities. More specific objectives for Task 2.0 of this project were to determine the technical feasibility of co-combusting com cobs with coal in the existing WMU boiler, and to identify any regulatory issues that might need to be addressed if WMU were to obtain a significant portion of its heat from such co-combustion. This report addresses the issues as laid out in the study proposal. The study investigated the feasibility of and demonstrated the technical effectiveness of co-combusting corn cobs with coal in the Willmar Municipal Utilities stoker boiler steam generation power plant. The results of the WMU Co-Combustion Project will serve as a model for other midscale utilities who wish to use corn cobs to generate renewable electrical energy. As a result of the Co-Combustion Project, the WMU plans to upgrade their stoker boiler to accept whole corn cobs as well as other types of biomass, while still allowing the fuel delivery system to use 100% coal as needed. Benefits of co-combustion will include: energy security, reduced Hg and CO2 air emissions, improved ash chemistry, potential future carbon credit sales, an immediate positive effect on the local economy, and positive attention focused on the WMU and the City of Willmar. The first step in the study was to complete a feasibility analysis. The feasibility analysis anticipated only positive results from the combustion of corn cobs with coal in the WMU power plant boiler, and therefore recommended that the project proceed. The study proceeded with a review of the existing WMU Power Plant configuration; cob fuel analyses; an application for an Air Quality Permit from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to conduct the co-combustion test burns; identification of and a site visit to a similar facility in Iowa; an evaluation of cob grinding machines; and agreements with a corn grower, a cob harvester, and the City of Willmar to procure, harvest, and store cobs. The WMU power plant staff constructed a temporary cob feed system whereby the cobs could be injected into the #3 Boiler firebox, at rates up to 40% of the boiler total heat input. Test burns were conducted, during which air emissions were monitored and fuel and ash samples analyzed. The results of the test burns indicated that the monitored flue gas quality improved slightly during the test burns. The WMU was able to determine that modifications to the #3 Boiler fuel feed system to accept com cobs on a permanent basis would be technically feasible and would enable the WMU to generate electricity from renewable fuels on a dispatchable basis.

None

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

The effect of seed source on some agronomic and genetic characters of five Texas corn hybrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hybrids in bushels of shelled corn per acre 12 3. Analysis of variance of source yields 4. Analysis of variance of hybrid yields 12 12 5. Correlation and regression of emergence percentages with germination percentages 14 6. Average plant heights... in harvesting and seed processing. Neal (4) has found that the average actual loss of vigor of F2 plants as represented by yield is 29. 5V. for single-cross hybrids. He also states that "the stalks and leaves of the advanced generations (of single...

Douglas, Alvin Gene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Effect of Rock Phosphate Upon the Corn Possibility of Phosphoric Acid of the Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Veterinary Medicine, A. and M. College of Texas. **In cooperation with United Statee Department of Agriculture. THE EFFECT OF ROCK PHOSPHATE UPON THE CORN POS- SIBILITY OF PHOSPHORIC ACID OF THE SOIL. In connection vith oil-fertilit~ stuclies..., it is important to lcnow the relation between the effect of the phosphoric acid of the rock phosphate on crops and the phosphoric acid that can be withdrawn from the soil by crops. The phosphoric acid of rock phosphate is readily soluble in K/5 nitric acid...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Effect of genotype on cooking and texture of corn for tortilla production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cell to measure n1xtamal texture . . . Plunger (A) and Ottawa cell (C) to measure tortilla texture Page 13 17 Effect of cook1ng time on n1xtamal texture of corneous, 1ntermediate and floury hybrids (Linear model) Effect of cooking time... composition of corn on the average is: water, 13. 5K; protein, 10K; oil, 4%; carbohydrates 70. 7X; and ash, 1. 4X. The germ contains about 35% oil, 20K protein and 10% ash (Hopkins et al. , 1903; Katz et al. , 1974). Nixtamal Preparation Nethods...

Bedolla, Santiago

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Influence of Genetic Background on Anthocyanin and Co-Pigment Profile and Stability of Colored Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these compounds in a limited set of samples (De la Parra et al., 2007; Del Pozo-Insfran 3 et al., 2006; Mora-Rochin et al., 2010). However, no studies have investigated the potential impact of anthocyanin and co-pigment composition on stability of color..., the anthocyanin losses in blue corn were found to further increase when the raw kernels were processed into nixtamal, tortillas, and chips (losses of 37%, 54%, and 75%, respectively) (Del Pozo-Insfran et al., 2006). This and other studies suggest...

Collison, Amy Elizabeth

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

228

The effect of stress cracked and broken corn kernels on alkaline processing losses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used and the final product desirecL Then the cooked corn and water mixture is, &equently, pumped to a soaking tank for a 8-15 br steep, Other commercial operations utilize large cooking tanks which, after cooking, serve as steeping tanks. After...-samples of Pioneer 3780 (P3780) were also preparezL The first sub- sample was dried in a continuous elevator drying system at 46' C and steeped in a bin for 6 hr, then cooled with ambient temperature air. The second Pioneer 3780 sub- sample was bin (batch) dried...

Jackson, David Scott

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Spacing of Rows in Corn and Its Effect Upon Grain Yield.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, was added as a third distribution. The results for the five-year period are shown in the follnn.ing table. S,PACING ROWS IN CORN AND EFFECT UPON GRAIN YIELD 9 hould be pointed out that the low ~ield from the six-foot spacing I2 mss, undouhteclly, due... comparable. It is noticeable that the grain yield each pear is consistently in favor of the three-foot spacing, as is also the average for the whole period of five years. These results indicate that the actual yield in grain secure:l from the three-foot...

Conner, A. B. (Arthur Benjamin)

1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

GMOs in animal agriculture: time to consider both costs and benefits in regulatory evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

81%), corn (35%), and canola (30%) crops grown globally areGE corn, soybean, cotton, canola, wheat, potato, alfalfa,Soybeans Maize (Corn) Cotton Canola Page 9 of 14 animal feed

Van Eenennaam, Alison L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Effect of Enrichment on the Thiamine, Riboflavin and Niacin of Corn Meal and Grits as Prepared for Eating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculated on the total batch moist basis. Table 7 gives the retention data along with the pH values before cooking for corn bread, pone and spoonbread, and af- ter cooking for mush and grits. The data in Table 7 indicate that pH of batter has a bear... by the five groups of corn breads which contained from 84 to 89 percent of the content of this vitamin in the corresponding batters. The variation within the groups was greater than between the groups, the respective mean squares being 19.98 and 5...

Whitacre, Jessie; Pace, June K.; Thomas, Kathreen

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Hairy Vetch, Bur Clover and Oats as Soil-Building Crops for Cotton and Corn in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for soil improvement increased the average yields of cot- ton ancl corn about 40 percent at College Station for the 11 years, 1937-47. Vetch increased the average yield of cotton 75 to 84 percent and practically doubled the yield of corn at Tyler... yields of cotton than the use of 400 pounds of a 4-8-4 fertilizer per acre at Tyler and Nacog- doches. Hairy vetch was a better green-manure crop than oats at Tyler and oats or bur clover at Nacogdoches. The effects of plowing under hairy vetch lasted...

Morris, H. F. (Harry Forest); Johnson, P. R. (Paul Rufus); Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

To place your meal order please dial MEAL (ext. 6325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marinara/Garlic Butter/Pesto/Meatballs a: Rotini or Whole Wheat Penne w/ your choice of: General Tso Provolone Breads White, Wheat, Rye, Kaiser Roll, Hoagie Roll of Wheat Oatmeal Blueberry Mini Muffin Corn Mini Muffin Hash Brown Bagel

Oliver, Douglas L.

234

Modification of Corn Starch Ethanol Refinery to Efficiently Accept Various High-Impact Cellulosic Feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Corn-to-Cellulosic Migration (CCM) pilot facility was to demonstrate the implementation of advanced technologies and methods for conversion of non-food, cellulosic feedstocks into ethanol, assess the economics of the facility and evaluate potential environmental benefits for biomass to fuels conversion. The CCM project was comprised of design, build, and operate phases for the CCM pilot facility as well as research & development, and modeling components. The CCM pilot facility was designed to process 1 tonne per day of non-food biomass and biologically convert that biomass to ethanol at a rate of 70 gallons per tonne. The plant demonstrated throughputs in excess of 1 tonne per day for an extended run of 1400 hours. Although target yields were not fully achieved, the continuous operation validated the design and operability of the plant. These designs will permit the design of larger scale operations at existing corn milling operations or for greenfield plants. EdeniQ, a partner in the project and the owner of the pilot plant, continues to operate and evaluate other feedstocks.

Derr, Dan

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

235

Effect of pelleting on the recalcitrance and bioconversion of dilute-acid pretreated corn stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Knowledge regarding the performance of densified biomass in biochemical processes is limited. The effects of densification on biochemical conversion are explored here. Methods: Pelleted corn stover samples were generated from bales that were milled to 6.35 mm. Low-solids acid pretreatment and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation were performed to evaluate pretreatment efficacy and ethanol yields achieved for pelleted and ground stover (6.35 mm and 2 mm) samples. Both pelleted and 6.35-mm ground stover were evaluated using a ZipperClaveź reactor under high-solids, process-relevant conditions for multiple pretreatment severities (Ro), followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the washed, pretreated solids. Results: Monomeric xylose yields were significantly higher for pellets (approximately 60%) than for ground formats (approximately 38%). Pellets achieved approximately 84% of theoretical ethanol yield (TEY); ground stover formats had similar profiles, reaching approximately 68% TEY. Pelleting corn stover was not detrimental to pretreatment efficacy for both low- and high-solids conditions, and even enhanced ethanol yields.

Allison E Ray; Amber Hoover; Gary Gresham

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Modeled Impacts of Cover Crops and Vegetative Barriers on Corn Stover Availability and Soil Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmentally benign, economically viable, and socially acceptable agronomic strategies are needed to launch a sustainable lignocellulosic biofuel industry. Our objective was to demonstrate a landscape planning process that can ensure adequate supplies of corn (Zea mays L.) stover feedstock while protecting and improving soil quality. The Landscape Environmental Assessment Framework (LEAF) was used to develop land use strategies that were then scaled up for five U.S. Corn Belt states (Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Minnesota) to illustrate the impact that could be achieved. Our results show an annual sustainable stover supply of 194 million Mg without exceeding soil erosion T values or depleting soil organic carbon [i.e., soil conditioning index (SCI)?>?0] when no-till, winter cover crop, and vegetative barriers were incorporated into the landscape. A second, more rigorous conservation target was set to enhance soil quality while sustainably harvesting stover. By requiring erosion to be <1/2 T and the SCI-organic matter (OM) subfactor to be >?0, the annual sustainable quantity of harvestable stover dropped to148 million Mg. Examining removal rates by state and soil resource showed that soil capability class and slope generally determined the effectiveness of the three conservation practices and the resulting sustainable harvest rate. This emphasizes that sustainable biomass harvest must be based on subfield management decisions to ensure soil resources are conserved or enhanced, while providing sufficient biomass feedstock to support the economic growth of bioenergy enterprises.

Ian J. Bonner; David J. Muth Jr.; Joshua B. Koch; Douglas L. Karlen

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

EFFECT OF ANATOMICAL FRACTIONATION ON THE ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF ACID AND ALKALINE PRETREATED CORN STOVER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to concerns with biomass collection systems and soil sustainability there are opportunities to investigate the optimal plant fractions to collect for conversion. An ideal feedstock would require low severity pretreatment to release a maximum amount of sugar during enzymatic hydrolysis. Corn stover fractions were separated by hand and analyzed for glucan, xylan, acid soluble lignin, acid insoluble lignin, and ash composition. The stover fractions were also pretreated with either 0, 0.4, or 0.8% NaOH for 2 hours at room temperature, washed, autoclaved and saccharified. In addition, acid pretreated samples underwent simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) to ethanol. In general, the two pretreatments produced similar trends with cobs, husks, and leaves responding best to the pretreatments, the tops of stalks responding slightly less, and the bottom of the stalks responding the least. For example, corn husks pretreated with 0.8% NaOH released over 90% (standard error of 3.8%) of the available glucan, while only 45% (standard error of 1.1%) of the glucan was produced from identically treated stalk bottoms. Estimates of the theoretical ethanol yield using acid pretreatment followed by SSF were 65% (standard error of 15.9%) for husks and 29% (standard error of 1.8%) for stalk bottoms. This suggests that integration of biomass collection systems to remove sustainable feedstocks could be integrated with the processes within a biorefinery to minimize overall ethanol production costs.

K. B. Duguid; M. D. Montross; C. W. Radtke; C. L. Crofcheck; L. M. Wendt; S. A. Shearer

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Wheat Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the most important reasons why wheat paper is more sustainable than 30% recycled paper. The total carbon to Tons Conversion 11 Equation 3: Price of Paper per Ton 12 #12;5 GLOSSARY by-product - A product made, soils, ocean, or underground in depleted oil and gas reservoirs, coal seams and saline aquifers. minimum

239

HiTrap Affinity columns HiTrap Wheat Germ Lectin, 1 ml INSTRUCTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be operated with a syringe, peristaltic pump or a chromatography system. Buffer preparation Water. The column can be operated with a syringe, peristaltic pump or liquid chromatography system such as Ă?KTATM for HiTrap Wheat Germ Lectin include separation and purification of glycoproteins and polysaccharides

Lebendiker, Mario

240

IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE ON SOIL AND PLANTS (COLZA and WHEAT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE ON SOIL AND PLANTS (COLZA and WHEAT) Najla LASSOUED1@emse.fr Abstract We are testing the impact of heavy metals in sludge from urban and industrial wastewater treatment> Cu> Ni> Co> Cd The contents of heavy metals in the sludge is made very high and exceed European

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Molecular Characterization of Durable Yellow and Leaf Rust Resistance in Two Wheat Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, characterize and utilize Adult Plant Resistance (APR), a.k.a. slow rusting resistance, in wheat germplasm to promote durability of resistance against rust. The objectives of this study were to 1) understand the genetics of APR to YR and/or LR present in two...

Basnet, Bhoja

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

242

Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 289 cM, respectively) that was equivalent in location to that for resistance to O. yallundae (LOD = 13Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat K. L of seedling plants, evidence of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) conferring resistance to O. acuformis

Murray, Timothy D.

243

Population dynamics and within field distribution of the greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), and its parasitoids in Central Texas winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along field perrmeter and within fteld interior of winter wheat during 1979-80 in A) Jonah, B) Elgin, C) Snook 58 7 Linear regression of log (variance) x log (mean) for Sh*ph'g'(Rd). Rhp)*'php*d'(4) and mummtfied greenbug from wtnter wheat samples... of the Greenbug, Schtzaphts Gramtnum (Rondani), and Its Parasitoids in Central Texas Winter Wheat. (December 1981) Timothy J. Kring, B. A. , Quinniptac College Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr, Frank E. Gilstrap A study was conducted to describe...

Kring, T. J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Soil compaction is a manageable factor that can lim-it grain or silage yield on many Virginia soils. Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil compaction is a manageable factor that can lim- it grain or silage yield on many Virginia soils. Corn plants growing on compacted areas are often stunted and have slower root penetration rates grown in these areas. Compaction is created when soil particles are pressed together, reducing the pore

Liskiewicz, Maciej

245

As corn-based biofuels reach their practical limits, advanced algae-based biofuels are poised to supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEMTE abstract As corn-based biofuels reach their practical limits, advanced algae-based biofuels of Energy, General Electric, Algenol Biofuels, and Southern Company. Currently a post-doctoral fellow working for Algenol Biofuels, Dr. Lively is expanding his expertise in gas and liquid separations

Reisslein, Martin

246

Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through nitrate leaching and N2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

219 Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through biofuel crops established on a rich Mollisol soil. Reduced Nitrogen Losses after Conversion of Row Crop Agriculture to Perennial Biofuel Crops Candice M. Smith, Mark B. david,* Corey A. Mitchell, Michael d. Masters

DeLucia, Evan H.

247

Country Canada Type Blend (corn in oak + rye in charred oak + barley in medium-charred oak)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Distillery Forty Creek Name Double barrel reserve ABV 40% Cask Bourbon and sherry Colour Golden Bottle volume by an updraft of caramel corn and honeycomb. The whisky also brings forward strong dry woody notes (oak The whisky finishes with a dry spicy burst of orange peel and woody tannin. Hints of hazelnut and tea leaves

Izzard, Rob

248

Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Systems Ethan Warner1, Yimin Zhang1, Helena Chum2 , Robin Newmark1 Biofuels represent technological learning, sugarcane and corn ethanol industries have achieved steady improvements in resource Scope Abstract Conclusions The GHG savings and land energy productivity of both ethanol systems have

249

Keeping Corn Farmers Seeing Green As recently as 100 years ago, farmers plowed their fields with horses and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and agencies such as U.S. Department of Agriculture have long relied on NOAA's weather and climate begins. The economic ties between climate information and agriculture are considerable. For example: Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S., 2009) #12;impacts. Corn is particularly susceptible to heat

250

International symposium on life cycle assessment and construction 2012, Nantes (France), July 10-12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. One can cite hemp, flax, cellulose, straw, cotton, cork, coconut, sugar beet, wood, casein, corn, jute that seem the most promising in terms of industrial development: wood, hemp, flax, straw, cork, straw blocks and self-supporting blocks based on hemp. Wood is already on the market, while the two

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

251

Owens Corning  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Residential Insulation, Frank O'Brien Bernini, VP & Chief Sustainability Officer, Paul Smith, VP Building Materials Group Marketing, John Libonati, VP Government and Public...

252

Corn fodder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from stalks below; 4th best-or poorest plan of all-to strip leaves from entire stalk. PLAT 1. Tope cut, only, above eara 14.375 4.258 2.145 65.558 1.587 9.750 -- Protein ....................... Fat .......................... Crude Fibre...

Curtis, Geo. W. (George Washington)

1891-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Genetic Analysis of Bread Making Quality Stability in Wheat using a Halberd X Len Recombinant Inbred Line Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Dirk B. Hays Amir M. H. Ibrahim Committee Members, Joseph Awika Russell Jessup Head..., Purbanchal University, Nepal Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dirk B. Hays Dr. Amir M. H. Ibrahim Wheat grain quality has a complex genetic architecture heavily influenced by the growing environment. Consistency in wheat quality...

Poudel, Ashima

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

Response of corn to fertilizer placement on a Hockley fine sandy loam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas AikM University. RESPONSE OF CORN TO FERT'lLLZER PLACEMENT ON HOCKLEY FfNE SANDY LOAM I, f N T R OD 'JC T1ON TI . . eff ici. . ncy of farci I i z er i&sage aff. ct'ing th e production of r or n. on medium t extu red roii- in East Texa may..., iiize" i?der conditions i- -i&pi r ior tri o? er rriethod nf appi ication. TI: - opi imi. rn location of the f crt il' zer bi "rl i- rela' 'on to 'I" e you ng p! a "t ma y be a factor affecting fina! p's n' yield. ?. TI. e vigor of' a young seed...

Matocha, John Edward

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Comparison of Dow Corning 544 antifoam to IIT747 antifoam in the 1/240 SRAT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Waste Processing Facility requested that the Immobilization Technology Section compare the relative foaming tendencies of sludge simulant during simulated Chemical Processing Cell operations (HLW-DWPF-TTR-99-0012). Dow Corning 544 antifoam, currently used in DWPF, was compared to a new antifoam formulation developed at the Illinois Institute of Technology. A task plan was written and approved. The task plan deliverables included a recommendation on the choice of antifoam, an evaluation of the influence of solids concentration on foaming, an evaluation on the effect of boil-up rate on foaming, an estimate of the mass of steam stripped to remove 90 percent of the mercury, and a determination of the fate of mercury. Additional parameters to be investigated during experimentation included the maximum foam height observed, hydrogen generation rates, and nitrite destruction rates.

Koopman, D.C.

2000-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

256

Effects of feeding stimulant and insecticide mixtures on feeding response and morality of adult male corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)(Lepidoptera:Noctuidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stimulants on feeding behavior and mortality of pheromone trap captured adult male corn earworms, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), to screen and evaluate toxicants for use in an attracticide formulation. Commercially-available formulations of acephate, boric acid...

Clemens, Christopher Glen

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Response of hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to nitrogen and growth regulants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vars may have responded negatively with respect to grain yield. Brown and Earley (1973) suggested examining growth regulators in different environments and with different cu lti- vars before suggesting general use of PGRs. Yields of the hybrid...RESPONSE OF HARO REO WINTER WHEAT (Triticum aestivum L. ) TO NITROGEN ANO GROWTH REGULANTS A Thesis by KEVIN LEE MAGES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AlLM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Mages, Kevin Lee

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Genetic control of adenylate kinase and fructokinase in hexaploid wheat and other Triticeae species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number of aneuploid derivatives of Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring and for six wheat-alien species chromosome addition series. Examination of the available compensating nullisomic-tetrasomic and homoeologous group 3 and 7 ditelosomic lines... 7H, T. longissiumum chromosome 7S, H. villosa chromosome 7V, and S. cereale cv. Imperial 1 and cv. King II chromosome 7R are at least partly homoeologous to the group 7 chromosomes of Chinese Spring. DEDICATION This work is dedicated to my...

Yang, Yaw-Ching

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Phenotypic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

population (n=121) for yield and yield components in the field that show co-localization with heat susceptibility index from the greenhouse .......... 137 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION: PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR GENETIC BREEDING STRATEGIES... and susceptible backgrounds. The working hypothesis is that major QTL regulating reproductive stage heat tolerance in wheat are stable across genetic backgrounds and in different environments. A comparative analysis combining genetic maps from both RIL...

Mason, Richard Esten

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

260

Effects of method of wheat streak mosaic virus transmission on the resistance of selected hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these hybrids, which showed resistance to infection, were frequently reclassified as a susceptible host after reinoculation. The efficiency of transmission of WSMV to wheat by the mite, artist's airbrush, and carborundum rub inoculations were 49. 2, and 41... OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I INTRODUCTION II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE III GENERAL MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant Materials Virus and Vector Virus Mite Transmission Carborundum rub Artist's airbrush Mite transmission 10 10 11 11 11 1. 2 12 12 13...

Cho, Han Yong

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Determination of the structural changes by Raman and {sup 13}C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy on native corn starch with plasticizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The plasticizing - antiplasticizing effect of water and glycerol contents on native corn starch samples is investigated by FT-Raman and {sup 13}C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy. The presence of both amorphous and crystalline structural phases was evidenced in pure native corn starch and also in the samples containing plasticizers. Among the crystalline starch structures, the A- and V- types were suggested by CP/MAS NMR spectra.

Cozar, O. [Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei 54, 050094, Bucharest, Romania and National Institute of Research-Development for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry - INMA Bucure?ti - Cluj-Napoca Branch (Romania)] [Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei 54, 050094, Bucharest, Romania and National Institute of Research-Development for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry - INMA Bucure?ti - Cluj-Napoca Branch (Romania); Filip, C.; Tripon, C. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Cioica, N.; Co?a, C.; Nagy, E. M. [National Institute of Research-Development for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry - INMA Bucure?ti - Cluj-Napoca Branch, RO-400458 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute of Research-Development for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry - INMA Bucure?ti - Cluj-Napoca Branch, RO-400458 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

262

Effect of reducing amino acid excess in a corn-soybean meal diet on performance, nitrogen balance and nutrient digestibilities of growing pigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF REDUCING AMINO ACID EXCESS IN A CORN-SOYBEAN MEAL DIET ON PERFORMANCE, NITROGEN BALANCE AND NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITIES OF GROWING PIGS A Thesis by KATHERINE ANN KELLY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Nutrition EFFECT OF REDUCING AMINO ACID EXCESS IN A CORN-SOYBEAN MEAL DIET ON PERFORMANCE, NITROGEN BALANCE AND NUTRIFNT DIGESTIBILITIES OF GROWING...

Kelly, Katherine Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

Using a Decision Support System to Optimize Production of Agricultural Crop Residue Biofeedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For several years the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing a Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) which determines the economically optimum recipe of various fertilizers to apply at each site in a field to produce a crop, based on the existing soil fertility at each site, as well as historic production information and current prices of fertilizers and the forecast market price of the crop at harvest, for growing a crop such as wheat, potatoes, corn, or cotton. In support of the growing interest in agricultural crop residues as a bioenergy feedstock, we have extended the capability of the DSS4Ag to develop a variable-rate fertilizer recipe for the simultaneous economically optimum production of both grain and straw, and have been conducting field research to test this new DSS4Ag. In this paper we report the results of two years of field research testing and enhancing the DSS4Ag’s ability to economically optimize the fertilization for the simultaneous production of both grain and its straw, where the straw is an agricultural crop residue that can be used as a biofeedstock.

Reed L. Hoskinson; Ronald C. Rope; Raymond K. Fink

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Comparison of lines of corn selected on Lufkin fine sandy loam and Norwood silt loam with and without commercial fertilizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.ITHOUT COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER Introduction There is general agreement in Mendelian genetics that the san? gene allele may affect the survival value of an organism differently when the organism is placed under different conditions ( 5 ) . I f selections are made...COMPARISON OF LINES OF CORN SELE CTED ON LUFKIN FINE SANDY LOAM AND NORWOOD SILT LOAM WITH AND WITHOUT COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER A Dissertation By Thomas Edison MoAfee Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Heac...

McAfee, Thomas Edison

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Forecasting Mexican imports of U.S. corn, sorghum and soybeans under free trade and debt reduction scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFORMATION Mexican External Debt and Structural Adjustment U. S. - Mexico Agricultural Trade Commodity Specific Factors LITERATURE REVIEW Economic Integration and the Welfare Impacts of a FTA Modeling Methods METHOD OF ANALYSIS AND DATA Description... BACKGROUND INFORMATION To analyze corn, sorghum and soybean trade it is useful to outline several background factors. First, Mexican external debt and its impact on U. S. -Mexican agricultural trade will be discussed. Second, U. S. -Mexican agricultural...

Lyford, Conrad Power

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

G-Plus report to Owens Corning-thermal conductivity Measurements of Fiberglass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiberglass made by Owens Corning is being used in noise reduction of automobile exhaust system. Specifically, the glass fibers are packed inside the muffler to achieve the desired acoustic effect. A secondary benefit of the fibers is to serve as a thermal insulation. Because of this insulating property, the glass fibers can serve to reduce the temperature of the muffler shell. This in turn reduces the need for heat shields around mufflers and reduces the amount of exterior temperature accelerated corrosion of the muffler shell, especially in the winter ''salt belts'' where large amounts of salt are placed on highways to minimize the safety impact of snow and ice. In addition, for some applications the use of the fiberglass could allow the use of lighter weight carbon based polymer composite materials in place of steel for muffler shells. However, in order to properly design exhaust systems without heat shields or to take advantage of new materials, the thermal conductivity of the fiberglass material at operating temperatures (for some applications above 750 C) must be known. We selected two types of Owens Corning glass fibers, 17 {micro}m and 24 {micro}m in diameter, for this study. There are some room temperature thermal conductivity data for the fiberglass, but high temperature data are not available. Based on the thermal radiation model, thermal conductivity should increase rapidly at high temperature, providing less thermal insulation. In addition, thermal conductivity depends on packing density of the glass fibers. We will study the effect of packing density on thermal conductivity. Another issue is that the glass fiber conducts heat better along the fiber, while the conduction across the fibers is poor, because thermal conduction from one fiber to another has to go through an interface with thermal resistance. In fiberglass, most fibers are not in good contact with the surrounding fibers, thus, most heat transfer is dependent on the thermal radiation effect. Among the many methods of measuring thermal conductivity, only a few can be used for glass fibers. The traditional heat flow meter is used in testing thermal insulations near room temperature. At higher temperatures this method cannot be used due to material and instrument limitations. Our plan is to use a transient plane source (TPS) method to measure thermal conductivity directly. The advantage of the TPS method is that measurements can be taken at over 700 C, and covers the temperature of the automobile exhausts. The following is a report for the G-Plus project conducted at ORNL to apply the TPS method to characterizing the thermal conductivity of two types of fiberglass and also the effect of packing density.

Wang, H

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Table 2 -Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY NC ND OH PA SD TX WI Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN.7 Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2000 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 1999 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NC OH SD TX WI

Kammen, Daniel M.

268

STABILITY OF DOW CORNING Q2-3183A ANTIFOAM IN IRRADIATED HYDROXIDE SOLUTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) examined the stability of Dow Corning Q2-3183A antifoam to radiation and aqueous hydroxide solutions. Initial foam control studies with Hanford tank waste showed the antifoam reduced foaming. The antifoam was further tested using simulated Hanford tank waste spiked with antifoam that was heated and irradiated (2.1 x 10{sup 4} rad/h) at conditions (90 C, 3 M NaOH, 8 h) expected in the processing of radioactive waste through the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at Hanford. After irradiation, the concentration of the major polymer components polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and polypropylene glycol (PPG) in the antifoam was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). No loss of the major polymer components was observed after 24 h and only 15 wt% loss of PDMS was reported after 48 h. The presence of degradation products were not observed by gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) or high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). G values were calculated from the GPC analysis and tabulated. The findings indicate the antifoam is stable for 24 h after exposure to gamma radiation, heat, and alkaline simulated waste.

White, T; Crawford, C; Burket, P; Calloway, B

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

Nitrogen fertilization timing effect on wheat production and nitrogen uptake efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on wheat yield and apparent fertilizer N recovery. Vegetative samples were also collected at Feekes' growth stages 4, 6, and 10 for correlation of tissue N concentration with grain yield. Soil samples were collected after harvest to evaluate N leaching... obtained with 75 kg N ha ' as compared to the 0 N controls in 1989 and 1991. Significant grain yield increases were achieved with split applications of N fertilizer when N was topdressed at growth stage 4 or 6 in 1989. No advantages of split N...

Alcoz Sartori, Maria Mercedes

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Effect of Rail Rate Deregulation: The Case of Wheat Exports from the South Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ....................................... 4 Effect of Rail Rate Deregulation: The Case of Wheat Exports from the South Plains Stephen Fuller and C.V. Shanmugham" a INTRODUCTION Agriculture is an important user of rail services for shipping products to market and for moving produc...- tion supplies to rural communities. The l e d and structure of rail rates affect returns to farmers as well as farmers' competitive positions in distant markets. Farm products tend to be buIky and heavy reIative to their value; accordingly...

Fuller, Stephen; Shanmugham, C.V

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Moisture Metrics Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

the goal of this project was to determine the optimum moisture levels for biomass processing for pellets commercially, by correlating data taken from numerous points in the process, and across several different feedstock materials produced and harvested using a variety of different management practices. This was to be done by correlating energy consumption and material through put rates with the moisture content of incoming biomass ( corn & wheat stubble, native grasses, weeds, & grass straws), and the quality of the final pellet product.This project disseminated the data through a public website, and answering questions form universities across Missouri that are engaged in biomass conversion technologies. Student interns from a local university were employed to help collect data, which enabled them to learn firsthand about biomass processing.

Schuchmann, Mark

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

272

Influence of Airflow on Laboratory Storage of High Moisture Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Storing high moisture biomass for bioenergy use is a reality in many areas of the country where wet harvest conditions and environmental factors prevent dry storage from being feasible. Aerobic storage of high moisture biomass leads to microbial degradation and self-heating, but oxygen limitation can aid in material preservation. To understand the influence of oxygen presence on high moisture biomass (50 %, wet basis), three airflow rates were tested on corn stover stored in laboratory reactors. Temperature, carbon dioxide production, dry matter loss, chemical composition, fungal abundance, pH, and organic acids were used to monitor the effects of airflow on storage conditions. The results of this work indicate that oxygen availability impacts both the duration of self-heating and the severity of dry matter loss. High airflow systems experienced the greatest initial rates of loss but a shortened microbially active period that limited total dry matter loss (19 %). Intermediate airflow had improved preservation in short-term storage compared to high airflow systems but accumulated the greatest dry matter loss over time (up to 27 %) as a result of an extended microbially active period. Low airflow systems displayed the best performance with the lowest rates of loss and total loss (10 %) in storage at 50 days. Total structural sugar levels of the stored material were preserved, although glucan enrichment and xylan loss were documented in the high and intermediate flow conditions. By understanding the role of oxygen availability on biomass storage performance, the requirements for high moisture storage solutions may begin to be experimentally defined.

Lynn M. Wendt; Ian J. Bonner; Amber N. Hoover; Rachel M. Emerson; William A. Smith

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Tolerance of spring wheat to a salt-fluxing residue containing potassium and magnesium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field and greenhouse studies were conducted in Idaho in 1985 to document the maximum levels of a salt fluxing residue (slag) material that can be safely applied to agricultural soils without reducing spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) growth. The slag material, which contains significant quantities of Mg and K, was applied to Mission (coarse-silty, mixed, frigid Andic Fragiochrepts) and Palouse (fine-silty, mixed, mesic Pachic Ultic Haploxerolls) silt loam soils at rates ranging from 0 to 40,000 kg/ha. Parameters evaluated included: (1) germination, (2) plant vigor, (3) yield, and (4) soil and plant tissue K, Ca and Mg. Under field conditions slag application rates of 4000 and 8000 kg/ha reduced wheat stands and vigor; however, yields were not adversely affected when compared with the control. Application rates in excess of 8000 kg/ha resulted in reduced germination, plant vigor, and yield and are consequently not recommended. Greenhouse studies provided further evidence to substantiate the field results.

Mahler, R.L.; Menser, H.A.; Lutcher, L.K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A physiological basis for determining a possible mechanism for migration in Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), the corn earworm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the stimulation and capacity of a migratory insect. 13 2. Restraining of the insect in the dissecting dish using modeling clay (a), so that the neck membrane is exposed (b) for the allatectomy procedure... 18 3. Tethered corn earworm moth on a flight mill 19 4... dissecting dish. To restrain the insect, a clay "seat" was molded in the bottom of the dish. The insect was then laid in the seat with its ventral side up and held by placing one strip of clay across the thorax, as illustrated in Figure 2a. The head...

Weise, Carolyn Joan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Glutamine-Binding Protein from Escherichia Coli Specifically Binds a Wheat Gliadin Peptide. 2. Resonance Energy Transfer Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluorescence energy transfer, polarization, and solvent sensitiv- ity have been shown to offer high signal- to. Resonance Energy Transfer Studies Suggest a New Sensing Approach for an Easy Detection of Wheat Gliadin for celiac patients. Affinity chromatography experiments together with mass spectrometry experiments demon

Hammerton, James

276

Defining the Molecular and Physiological Role of Leaf Cuticular Waxes in Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerane in Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high temperature stress. At maturity the percent reduction in yield components in each cultivar was calculated. The wheat cultivars 'Kauz' and 'Halberd' had significantly high leaf cuticular wax content of 2.91mg/dm^-2 and 2.36mg/dm^-2 respectively...

Mondal, Suchismita

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

Summary of Findings from the Biomass Refining Consortium for Applied Fundamentals and Innovation (CAFI): Corn Stover Pretreatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Biomass Refining Consortium for Applied Fundamentals and Innovation, with members from Auburn University, Dartmouth College, Michigan State University, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Purdue University, Texas A&M University, the University of British Columbia, and the University of California at Riverside, has developed comparative data on the conversion of corn stover to sugars by several leading pretreatment technologies. These technologies include ammonia fiber expansion pretreatment, ammonia recycle percolation pretreatment, dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment, flowthrough pretreatment (hot water or dilute acid), lime pretreatment, controlled pH hot water pretreatment, and sulfur dioxide steam explosion pretreatment. Over the course of two separate USDA- and DOE-funded projects, these pretreatment technologies were applied to two different corn stover batches, followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the remaining solids from each pretreatment technology using identical enzyme preparations, enzyme loadings, and enzymatic hydrolysis assays. Identical analytical methods and a consistent material balance methodology were employed to develop comparative sugar yield data for each pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis. Although there were differences in the profiles of sugar release, with the more acidic pretreatments releasing more xylose directly in the pretreatment step than the alkaline pretreatments, the overall glucose and xylose yields (monomers + oligomers) from combined pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis process steps were very similar for all of these leading pretreatment technologies. Some of the water-only and alkaline pretreatment technologies resulted in significant amounts of residual xylose oligomers still remaining after enzymatic hydrolysis that may require specialized enzyme preparations to fully convert xylose oligomers to monomers.

Elander, R. T.; Dale, B. E.; Holtzapple, M.; Ladisch, M. R.; Lee, Y. Y.; Mitchinson, C.; Saddler, J. N.; Wyman, C. E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Metabolism of carbaryl, chloropyrifos, DDT, and parathion in the European corn borer: effects of microsporidiosis on toxicity and detoxication  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted to examine the effects of microsporidiosis on an insect's response to insecticide intoxication. Healthy European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, larvae and those heavily infected with the microsporidian pathogen, Nosema pyrausta, were bioassayed with ten insecticides. The compounds used were carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorophrifos, DDT, diazinon, fonofos, methomyl, parathion, permethrin, and terbufos. Third instar larvae were used for topical bioassays. The compounds carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorophrifos, methomyl and terbufos were found to be significantly more toxic to diseased insects than healthy insects at the 0.05 probability level. To examine the effect of Nosema pyrausta infection on the European corn borer's ability to detoxify insecticides, /sup 14/C ring-labeled carbaryl, chlorophrifos, DDT, and parathion were topically applied to fourth instar larvae. Qualitative differences between healthy and diseased insects were found in the metabolic pathways of carbaryl, DDT, and parathion. The degradative fate of chlorophrifos was the same in both groups. Quantitatively, each insecticide penetrated diseased larvae faster. This resulted in larger amounts of the applied dose of parent compound and metabolites being found in the feces from diseased insects. Conversely, healthy insects had more of these materials present in the body and associated with the cuticle.

Tetreault, G.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Effects of elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2} on canopy transpiration in senescent spring wheat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The seasonal course of canopy transpiration and the diurnal courses of latent heat flux of a spring wheat crop were simulated for atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations of 370 {micro}mol mol{sup {minus}1} and 550 {micro}mol mol{sup {minus}1}. The hourly weather data, soil parameters and the irrigation and fertilizer treatments of the Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment wheat experiment in Arizona (1992/93) were used to drive the model. The simulation results were tested against field measurements with special emphasis on the period between anthesis and maturity. A model integrating leaf photosynthesis and stomatal conductance was scaled to a canopy level in order to be used in the wheat growth model. The simulated intercellular CO{sub 2} concentration, C{sub i} was determined from the ratio of C{sub i} to the CO{sub 2} concentration at the leaf surface, C{sub s}, the leaf to air specific humidity deficit and a possibly unfulfilled transpiration demand. After anthesis, the measured assimilation rates of the flag leaves decreased more rapidly than their stomatal conductances, leading to a rise in the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio. In order to describe this observation, an empirical model approach was developed which took into account the leaf nitrogen content for the calculation of the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio. Simulation results obtained with the new model version were in good agreement with the measurements. If changes in the C{sub i}/C{sub s} ratio accorded to the decrease in leaf nitrogen content during leaf senescence were not considered in the model, simulations revealed an underestimation of the daily canopy transpiration of up to twenty percent and a decrease in simulated seasonal canopy transpiration by ten percent. The measured reduction in the seasonal sum of canopy transpiration and soil evaporation owing to CO{sub 2} enrichment, in comparison, was only about five percent.

Grossman, S.; Kimball, B.A.; Hunsaker, D.J.; Long, S.P. et al

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

280

Instructions for Corning Model 220 pH Meter The electrode tip is a fragile glass bulb. Be careful or you will break it with a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instructions for Corning Model 220 pH Meter The electrode tip is a fragile glass bulb. Be careful. Two Point Calibration Routine · The pH meter should be turned "ON". · Your buffers should from your sample, rinse with distilled water, and BLOT with a kimwipe. 4. Turn pH meter OFF and store

Cross, George

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

Minnesota, University of

282

Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Karen E. Thome Abstract Ethanol has attracted considerable policy policy and strategic interactions affect decisions about when and where to invest in building new ethanol

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

283

A novel mechanism and kinetic model to explain enhanced xylose yields from dilute sulfuric acid compared to hydrothermal pretreatment of corn stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel mechanism and kinetic model to explain enhanced xylose yields from dilute sulfuric acid stover Dilute sulfuric acid Hydrothermal pretreatment Kinetic model Xylose a b s t r a c t Pretreatment of corn stover in 0.5% sulfuric acid at 160 °C for 40 min realized a maximum monomeric plus oligomeric

California at Riverside, University of

284

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication explains the nutrient needs of corn, grain sorghum, cotton, wheat and warm-season perennial grasses in South and Southwest Texas....

Stichler, Charles; McFarland, Mark L.

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid rhopalosiphum maidis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trapping network Summary: aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis sorghum, barley, oat, wheat, corn Cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii extremely... 12;Common Name Scientific Name Preferred...

286

The group of soil of protection and the group of plant nutrition of the ETH and the FiBL propose two MSc theses on on-farm management of organic matter in the project "Zinc biofortification of Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in organic and conventional farming, affects soil Zn and Cd dynamics, wheat production (liquid slurry, solid farmyard manure, plant residues, compost, fallowing); how

Fischlin, Andreas

287

Wheat Improvement Programs WHEAT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Royalty revenues, which assist funding of programs and attracting/retaining top scientists, have increased

288

Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) Associated with Maintenance of Bread Making Quality under Heat Stress in Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI (QTLs) ASSOCIATED WITH MAINTENANCE OF BREAD MAKING QUALITY UNDER HEAT STRESS IN WHEAT (Triticum aestivum) A Thesis by FRANCIS WARD BEECHER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Molecular and Environmental Plan Sciences IDENTIFICATION OF QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI (QTLs) ASSOCIATED WITH MAINTENANCE OF BREAD MAKING QUALITY UNDER HEAT...

Beecher, Francis Ward

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

A diallel analysis of six components of partial resistance to Leptosphaeria nodorum in seedlings of six winter wheats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant differences for these traits to be inflated. The most important source of variation for all four components exhibiting significant variability was general combining ability (GCA), indicating additive gene action. Specific combining ability (SCA... spore production of L. nodorum. 7 Estimated general combining ability (GCA) effects for 48 48 four components of partial resistance to L. nodorum in a diallel cross among six winter wheats. 50 8 Specific combining ability (SCA) and reciprocal...

Bruno, Hans Henning

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Changes in niacin content produced by nickel-chloride in a rust susceptible wheat and oat variety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ONANNES IN NIACIN CONTENT PRODUOE9 BT NICKEL-CNLORIBE IN k RSST SOSOEPTIBLE NNEST SNB OST VSRXETT k Thesis Suhnitted to the Graduate School of the SSricultural and Nechanical Collage- of Tunas in partial fulfillment of the requireneat.... d typical standard curve for tha growth of 17-5 f Idee b ill d l . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 12 I, The affeot of nickel-chloride sprays on niacin content of 131 wheat conpared to controls at thre~ ages4 ~ 4 ~ ~ 4...

Lacy, Logan Wayne

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Effects of two naphthoquinone compounds on wheat seedlings, germination of urediospores of Puccinia graminis tritici and the host parasite relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF TWO NAPHTHOQUINONE COMPOUNDS ON WHEAT SEEDLINGS, GERMINATION OF UREDIOSPORES OF PUCCINIA GRAMINIS TRITICI AND THE HOST PARASITE RELATIONSHIP A thesis Enrique Rodrigues Campos Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Ak... TRITICI AND THE HOST PARASITE RELATIONSHIP A thesis by Enrique Rodriguez Campos Approved. as to style and content by: Ch irman of Committee omm tee Member o ittee ember Committee Member ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to acknowledge Dr. Maurice...

Rodriguez Campos, Enrique

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Biolistic and agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of immature and mature embryos of spring wheat cultivar Saratovskaya-29  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the vector pAHC25 ???????????.. 22 Fig. 2-3 Culture schedule for wheat cultivar Saratovskaya-29 ???????.. 34 Fig. 2-4 Transient GUS expression in calli inoculated with Agrobacterium and assayed with X...) ?????????????.. 36 Table 2-4 Transient GUS expression in calli transformed either by Agrobacterium or microprojectile bombardment ???????????????.. 37 Table 2-5 PCR amplification and PCR-based Southern blot of primary regenerated...

Kopbayev, Arman A.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

A pilot plant scale reactor/separator for ethanol from cellulosics. ERIP/DOE quarterly report no. 3 and 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a continuous, low energy process for the conversion of cellulosics to ethanol. This process involves a pretreatment step followed by enzymatic release of sugars and the consecutive simultaneous saccharification/fermentation (SSF) of cellulose (glucans) followed by hemi-cellulose (pentosans) in a multi-stage continuous stirred reactor separator (CSRS). During quarters 3 and 4, we have completed a literature survey on cellulase production, activated one strain of Trichoderma reesei. We continued developing our proprietary Steep Delignification (SD) process for biomass pretreatment. Some problems with fermentations were traces to bad cellulase enzyme. Using commercial cellulase enzymes from Solvay & Genecor, SSF experiments with wheat straw showed 41 g/L ethanol and free xylose of 20 g/L after completion of the fermentation. From corn stover, we noted 36 g/L ethanol production from the cellulose fraction of the biomass, and 4 g/L free xylose at the completion of the SSF. We also began some work with paper mill sludge as a cellulose source, and in some preliminary experiments obtained 23 g/L ethanol during SSF of the sludge. During year 2, a 130 L process scale unit will be operated to demonstrate the process using straw or cornstalks. Co-sponsors of this project include the Indiana Biomass Grants Program, Bio-Process Innovation.

Dale, M.C.; Moelhman, M.; Butters, R.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Biofuels supply chain characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol can be made from agricultural residues like wheat straw and from crops dedicated to energy use, like switchgrass. We study the logistics aspects of this transformation and determine the main characteristics of the ...

Banerjee, Anindya, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

296

Analyzing the Effect of Variations in Soil and Management Practices on the Sustainability of Corn Stover-Based Bioethanol Production in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inherent variability in corn stover productivity due to variations in soils and crop management practices might contribute to a variation in corn stover-based bioethanol sustainability. This study was carried out to examine how changes in soil types and crop management options would affect corn stover yield (CSY) and the sustainability of the stover-based ethanol production in the Delta region of Mississippi. Based on potential acreage and geographical representation, three locations were selected. Using CERES-Maize model, stover yields were simulated for several scenarios of soils and crop management options. Based on 'net energy value (NEV)' computed from CSYs, a sustainability indicator for stover-based bioethanol production was established. The effects of soils and crop management options on CSY and NEV were determined using ANOVA tests and regression analyses. Both CSY and NEV were significantly different across sandy loam, silt loam, and silty clay loam soils and also across high-, mid-, and low-yielding cultivars. With an increase in irrigation level, both CSY and NEV increased initially and decreased after reaching a peak. A third-degree polynomial relationship was found between planting date and CSY and NEV each. By moving from the lowest to the highest production scenario, values of CSY and NEV could be increased by 86 to 553%, depending on location and weather condition. The effects of variations in soils and crop management options on NEV were the same as on CSY. The NEV was positive for all scenarios, indicating that corn stover-based ethanol production system in the Delta region is sustainable.

Woli, Prem; Paz, Joel

2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Evaluation of lysine deficient grower diets for heavy breed replacement pullets and a comparison of sorghum grains and corn as a carbohydrate source for broiler-breeder hens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF LYSINE DEFICIENT GROWER DIETS FOR HEAVY BREED REPLACEMENT PULLETS AND A COMPARISON OF SORGHUM GRAINS AND CORN AS A CARBOHYDRATE SOURCE FOR BROILER-BREEDER HENS A Thesis ALAN TOLAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas... ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1967 Major Subject: Animal Nutrition EVALUATION OF LYSINE DEFICIENT GROWER DIETS FOR HEAVY BREED REPLACEMENT PULLETS AND A COMPARISON OF SORGHUM...

Tolan, Alan

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The bulking effect of dietary fiber in the rat large intestine: an in vivo study of cellulose, guar, pectin, wheat bran and oat bran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis by JEANNE MARIE GAZZANIGA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Nutrition THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis...

Gazzaniga, Jeanne Marie

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The effect of varying degrees of infection of wheat stem rust and of oat smuts on yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

date, and. severity of stem rust at harvest as affected. by number of stem rust centers in the 1957 58 season . . . . . ~ . ~ . . . . . . . . . 14 7 ~ The number of plants that emerged in a ten foot row in each treatment in each variety... for s given azea of wheat. Bovie vhest vss grown in 12 foot X 12 foot plots and inoculated wi. th race 29 stem rust in 1956-57. A plot of' equal size wss sprayed with msneb to obtain ss near ss possible optimum yields in the absence af rue+. These plots...

Garrett, Wiley Nathan

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Comparative breeding ecology of Lesser Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis canadensis) and Siberian cranes (G. leucogeranus) in Eastern Siberia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VII CONCLUSION ................................................................................................ 91 Future Research Considerations................................................................. 93 LITERATURE...). Harvested grain fields (corn, wheat, and barley) were the principal habitat types used by Lesser Sandhill Cranes during spring migration in Nebraska, Saskatchewan, and Alaska, respectively (Iverson et al. 1987). Wheat, corn, sorghum, and milo are major...

Watanabe, Tsuyoshi

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Less Acres and Variable Yield Mark Ohio's Crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of that production was over $2 billion. In 2003 the top producing counties were: Corn Soybean Wheat Hay 1. Darke 1 recommendations for soybeans, corn, wheat, and alfalfa are also printed separately (Tri-State Fertilizer are available at county Extension of- fices and are also available on the Internet at the Ohio Agronomic Crops

Jones, Michelle

302

Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn are reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. The use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - is reviewed as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. The environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass are covered. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

Dale, L; Opilla, R; Surles, T

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variety of carbohydrate sources can be used as raw material for the production of ethanol. Section 1 is a review of technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. Section 2 is a review of the use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. Section 3 deals with the environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

Opilla, R.; Dale, L.; Surles, T.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effect of process variables on the density and durability of the pellets made from high moisture corn stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flat die pellet mill was used to understand the effect of high levels of feedstock moisture content in the range of 28–38% (w.b.), with die rotational speeds of 40–60 Hz, and preheating temperatures of 30–110 °C on the pelleting characteristics of 4.8 mm screen size ground corn stover using an 8 mm pellet die. The physical properties of the pelletised biomass studied are: (a) pellet moisture content, (b) unit, bulk and tapped density, and (c) durability. Pelletisation experiments were conducted based on central composite design. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that feedstock moisture content influenced all of the physical properties at P < 0.001. Pellet moisture content decreased with increase in preheating temperature to about 110 °C and decreasing the feedstock moisture content to about 28% (w.b.). Response surface models developed for quality attributes with respect to process variables has adequately described the process with coefficient of determination (R2) values of >0.88. The other pellet quality attributes such as unit, bulk, tapped density, were maximised at feedstock moisture content of 30–33% (w.b.), die speeds of >50 Hz and preheating temperature of >90 °C. In case of durability a medium moisture content of 33–34% (w.b.) and preheating temperatures of >70 °C and higher die speeds >50 Hz resulted in high durable pellets. It can be concluded from the present study that feedstock moisture content, followed by preheating, and die rotational speed are the interacting process variables influencing pellet moisture content, unit, bulk and tapped density and durability.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Development of Advanced CdTe Solar Cells Based on High Temperature Corning Glass Substrates: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-373  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL has developed advanced processes for CdTe solar cells, but because of the temperature limitations of conventional soda lime glass, many of these processes have not been transferred to manufacturing. Corning is developing high temperature substrate glasses that are believed to be manufacturable and will lead to lower $/watt modules costs. The purpose of this CRADA is to evaluate these glasses in the advanced NREL processes. In addition, the CRADA seeks to develop manufacturable processes for transparent conductive oxide layers based on cadmium stannate.

Barnes, T.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Owens Corning and Silicon Valley Power Partner to Make Energy Savings a Reality, Save Energy Now (SEN), Industrial Technologies Program (ITP), Utility Case Study (Brochure)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining|ActionOWENS CORNING

307

Good Meals Every Day.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Toast Cups Milk Tea or Coffee Dinner Fried Chicken Gravy Mashed Potatoes Fresh Peas Tomato and Cottage Cheese Salad Whole Wheat Biscuits Butter or Margarine Angel Food Cake with Strawberries and Cream Milk Tea Supper (In Backyard) Broiled... Berries Prunes Figs Nectarines Calories for energy Whole wheat flour Whole grain corn-meal Whole wheat bread Oats Brown rice Rye bread Certain ready- to-eat and uncooked cereals Popcorn Millet bread Pumpernickel bread Enriched corn...

Cox, Maeona; Reasonover, Frances; Harris, Jimmie Nell; Mason, Louise

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

This figure shows annual transpiration rates in the Argentinean Pampas (circles and lines) under two land uses: perennial alfalfa pasture, widespread until the early nineties, and annual wheat-soybean-maize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

two land uses: perennial alfalfa pasture, widespread until the early nineties, and annual wheat remain bare without any plant water use for part of the year. Deep-rooted, year-round alfalfa keeps soils

Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

309

Toplaceyourmealorderpleasedial MEAL(ext.6325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Stuffing&Gravy Meatloaf TurkeyPotPie Macaroni&Cheese SouthwestVegetarianChili Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatBeef PeanutButter&Jelly BreadsWhite,Wheat,Rye,KaiserRoll ExtrasToast Pancakes CreamofWheat Oatmeal EnglishMuffin CornMiniMuffin BlueberryMiniMuffin Bagel Breakfast

Oliver, Douglas L.

310

Toplaceyourmealorderpleasedial MEAL(ext.6325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Panko&DijonCrustedTilapia PotRoast Turkeyw/Stuffing&Gravy ChickenMarsala TurkeyPotPie Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatBeef ChickenSalad Ham BreadsWhite,Wheat,Rye,KaiserRoll,HoagieRoll PeanutSausage Bacon FrenchToast CreamofWheat Oatmeal EnglishMuffin Croissant CornMiniMuffin Bagel Breakfast

Oliver, Douglas L.

311

To place your meal order please dial MEAL (ext. 6325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Cheese Turkey Pot Pie Chicken Marsala Pot Roast Meatloaf Pasta: Rotini or Whole Wheat Penne w/ your Provolone Breads White, Wheat, Rye, Kaiser Roll, Hoagie Roll Peanut Butter & Jelly Turkey Club (w Toast Pancakes Cream of Wheat Oatmeal English Muffin Croissant Blueberry Mini Muffin Corn Mini Muffin

Oliver, Douglas L.

312

Influence on Grain Yields and Yield Components of Leaf Rust of Wheat and Crown Rust of Oats as Measured by Isogenic Resistant and Susceptible Lines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., and Allard, R. W. 1965. Genetic variability in highly inbred isogenic lines of the lima bean. Crop Sci. 5 1203-206. Hilu, H. M. 1965. Host-pathogen relationship of Pllrccinia ~orghi in nearly isogenic resistant and susceptible seedling corn...IIVFLUENm ON GRAIN Y_LEI;DS AND YZZXD COMPONENTS OF LEAF RUST OF l+%?EAT AND CROWN RUST OF OATS m fl2kmured by ISOGENIC RESISTANT AND SUSCEPTIBLE LINES Contents SUMMARY...

Atkins, I. M.; Alcala de Stephano, Maximino; Merkle, O. G.; Kilpatrick, R. A.

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Southern corn rootworm control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in all tbe plots ssjcing reylaccting neoesssrN, Expericent No, 4. vas a dupjisate of lbrperisant No, 1 aud vas oondust ed aa Nurleson else ~ soL1 and ad)aoent to Rq?raiment N'o, 2, Cbcs occrn rootsorm damaged plant vas found in a obeob plcct, R... Vg 0 7$ 0 74 0 7& 0 0 0 0 93 0 0 92 0 90 0 90 0 88 0 88 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 78 73 Vg 75 XETAIL OF TABES 1 Kxyer %naacp Ro RHLLKIS OF VARIA5CE 30, 00 33, 21 0 00 0~00 10, 00 14~ 5 V5 33, %j K, 9Q 27 A +36 ~65 RC $2 35~4~ 365T...

Wipprecht, Read

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cotton and Corn Experiments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the different characteristics, if any, of the entiTe :field: Soil Plot. No.- 1. 3. I 5. 7. 9. 11. 13. 15. 17. 20. 25. 26. ------------------ ---- Silica and Sand ..... 94.39 94.28 94.4 94.62 94.11 95.15 94.63 94.06 93.65 94.81 94.07 93.85 Water-air dry....89 38.89 42.45 44.84 41.06 55.01 Diameter-Sand. Between .05 and 0.01 mm. 10.71 6. 87 4. 70 5. 37 8. 40 8. 44 6. 71 10.01 14. 93 3. 78 8. 57 13.18 6. 61 5.06 3. 74 3. 59 15.23 8. 62 14.22 9. 26 2. 76 4. 99 3. 98 5. 87 6. 32 10.02 Diameter-Silt. ? Below...

Pittuck, B. C.

1897-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Corn Hybrids for Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loams and sandy loams Sandy soils Coast Prairie Blackland Loams and sandy loams Blackland Prairies Blackland Mixed land Grand Prairie Blackland Mixed land West Cross Timbers Rio Grande Plain Blackland Sands and sandy loams Lower Rio Grande... Valley and Winter Garden Dist. (under irrigation) Clays and loams Sands and sandy loams Rolling Plains Clay loams Sands and sandy loams High Plains (irrigated) Clay loams Sandy loams Sands Spac- Fertilizer dress- I " ing at ing of Planting...

Bockholt, A. J.; Collier, J. W.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

The effect of maleic hydrazide and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the carbohydrate content and leaf and stem rust response of wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and susceptible isogenic wheat lines at the seedling stage of growth. 34 LIST OF TABLES Table Page A summary of the individual fractions and total carbohydrates as percentage of dry weight of treated and untreated expressed as an average of the four... carbohydrates than the susceptible line. The differ- ence was primarily due to the starch fraction. Determina- tions for carbohydrate and soluble nitrogen of individual plants of F2 generations segregating for resistance suggested that resistance...

Lyles, William Earl

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Slice Straw Proposal (slice/phase2)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)SharingTiO2(110). | EMSLStartupSystem Name:P.O.Phase 2

318

Corn steep liquor and fermented ammoniated condensed whey as protein sources for lactating cows and yearling heifers grazing winter native range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corn steep liquor (CSL) and fermented ammoniated condensed whey (FACW) were compared to cottonseed meal (CSM) as protein sources for wintering 61 lactating first-calf Hereford heifers and 32 yearling Hereford heifers on native range. Cattle were allotted by weight and individually fed 6 days per week for 12 weeks one of four protein treatments: negative control (NC), positive control (PC), CSL and FACW to provide .7, 1.5, .15 and 1.5 lb crude protein (CP) per day, respectively, to the lacating heifers and .2, .4, .4 and .4lb cP per day, respectively, to the yearling heifers. CMS was supplied in the CSL and FACW treatments at the same level as in the negative control. Lactating heifers fed the NC lost more (P less than .005) weight and body condition (120 lb and 1.6 units) than those fed the PC (45.8 lb and .9 units). Weight and condition losses were similar (P more than .05) for lactating heifers fed PC, CSL and FACW. Yearling heifers fed the NC lost more (P less than .005) weight than those fed the PC (49.4 vs 10.6 lb). Yearling heifers fed CSL and FACW gained more (P less than .005) weight than those fed the PC (17.6 and 9.3 vs - 10.6 lb). Feeding CSL resulted in signficantly lower rumen pH, lower ruminal acetate and higher ruminal butyrate, isovalerate and caproate levels than did feeding either control. Supplementing with FACW produced significantly lower rumen pH, higher rumen ammonia and soluble carbohydrate levels, lower ruminal acetate, and higher ruminal propionate and butyrate concentrations than did either control supplement. Corn steep liquor and FDCW appear to be effective protein sources for cows and heifers grazing winter native range.

Wagner, J.J.; Lusby, K.S.; Horn, G.W.; Dvorak, M.J.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Generation of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accumulating heterologous endo-xylanase or ferulic acid esterase in the endosperm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endo-xylanase (from Bacillus subtilis) or ferulic acid esterase (from Aspergillus niger) were expressed in wheat under the control of the endosperm specific 1DX5 glutenin promoter. Constructs both with and without the endoplasmic reticulum retention signal KDEL were used. Transgenic plants were recovered in all four cases but no qualitative differences could be observed whether KDEL was added or not. Endo-xylanase activity in transgenic grains was increased between two and three fold relative to wild type. The grains were shriveled and had a 25-33% decrease in mass. Extensive analysis of the cell walls showed a 10-15% increase in arabinose to xylose ratio, a 50% increase in the proportion of water extractable arabinoxylan, and a shift in the MW of the water extractable arabinoxylan from being mainly larger than 85 kD to being between 2 kD and 85 kD. Ferulic acid esterase expressing grains were also shriveled and the seed weight was decreased by 20-50%. No ferulic acid esterase activity could be detected in wild type grains whereas ferulic acid esterase activity was detected in transgenic lines. The grain cell walls had 15-40% increase in water unextractable arabinoxylan and a decrease in monomeric ferulic acid between 13 and 34%. In all the plants the observed changes are consistent with a plant response that serves to minimize the effect of the heterologously expressed enzymes by increasing arabinoxylan biosynthesis and cross-linking.

Harholt, Jesper; Bach, Inga C; Lind-Bouquin, Solveig; Nunan, Kylie J.; Madrid, Susan M.; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik; Holm, Preben B.; Scheller, Henrik V.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Wheat phytotoxicity from arsenic and cadmium separately and together in solution culture and in a calcareous soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The toxicity effect of two deleterious elements of arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) (individually or in combination) on root elongation of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum, L.) were investigated both in hydroponics and in soils freshly spiked with the toxic elements. Median effective concentration (EC{sub 50}) and non-observed effect concentration (NOEC) were used to investigate the toxic thresholds and potencies of the two elements. The EC{sub 50} for As was 0.97 {mu}M in hydroponics and 196 mg {center_dot} kg{sup -1} in soil, and 4.32 {mu}M and 449 mg {center_dot} kg{sup -1} for Cd, respectively. Toxic unit (TU) and additive index (AI) concepts were introduced to determine the combined outcomes, and different behaviors were obtained: synergism in solution culture (EC{sub 50mix} = 0.36 TU{sub mix} and AI: 1.76) and antagonism in soil experiments (EC{sub 50mix} = 1.49 TU{sub mix} and AI: -0.33). Furthermore, the data of soil bioavailable As and Cd can not explain the discrepancy between the results derived from soil and hydroponics experiments.

Cao, Q; Hu, Q; Khan, S; Wang, Z; Lin, A; Du, X; Zhu, Y

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The effects of calcitic and dolomitic limestone rates and particle sizes on soil chemical changes, plant nutrient concentration, and yields of corn and Coastal bermudagrass on two acid Texas soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

soil pH and in decreasing soil acidity with depth under heavy applications of residual acid forming N fertilizer, even after a seven year reaction period. Meyer and Volk (38) reported that calcitic limestone was slightly more effective than...THE EFFECTS OF CALCITIC AND DOLOMITIC LIMESTO11E RATES AND PARTICLE SIZES ON SOIL CHEMICAL CHANGES, PLANT NUTRIE. "1T CONCENTRATION, AND YIELDS OF CORN AND COASTAL BERMUDAGPXSS ON TWO ACID TEXAS SOILS A Thesis by VINCENT ANDREW HABY Submitted...

Haby, Vincent A

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

NREL 2012 Achievement of Ethanol Cost Targets: Biochemical Ethanol Fermentation via Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office, the annual State of Technology (SOT) assessment is an essential activity for quantifying the benefits of biochemical platform research. This assessment has historically allowed the impact of research progress achieved through targeted Bioenergy Technologies Office funding to be quantified in terms of economic improvements within the context of a fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production process. As such, progress toward the ultimate 2012 goal of demonstrating cost-competitive cellulosic ethanol technology can be tracked. With an assumed feedstock cost for corn stover of $58.50/ton this target has historically been set at $1.41/gal ethanol for conversion costs only (exclusive of feedstock) and $2.15/gal total production cost (inclusive of feedstock) or minimum ethanol selling price (MESP). This year, fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production data generated by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers in their Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) successfully demonstrated performance commensurate with both the FY 2012 SOT MESP target of $2.15/gal (2007$, $58.50/ton feedstock cost) and the conversion target of $1.41/gal through core research and process improvements in pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation.

Tao, L.; Schell, D.; Davis, R.; Tan, E.; Elander, R.; Bratis, A.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes one potential biochemical ethanol conversion process, conceptually based upon core conversion and process integration research at NREL. The overarching process design converts corn stover to ethanol by dilute-acid pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, and co-fermentation. Building on design reports published in 2002 and 1999, NREL, together with the subcontractor Harris Group Inc., performed a complete review of the process design and economic model for the biomass-to-ethanol process. This update reflects NREL's current vision of the biochemical ethanol process and includes the latest research in the conversion areas (pretreatment, conditioning, saccharification, and fermentation), optimizations in product recovery, and our latest understanding of the ethanol plant's back end (wastewater and utilities). The conceptual design presented here reports ethanol production economics as determined by 2012 conversion targets and 'nth-plant' project costs and financing. For the biorefinery described here, processing 2,205 dry ton/day at 76% theoretical ethanol yield (79 gal/dry ton), the ethanol selling price is $2.15/gal in 2007$.

Humbird, D.; Davis, R.; Tao, L.; Kinchin, C.; Hsu, D.; Aden, A.; Schoen, P.; Lukas, J.; Olthof, B.; Worley, M.; Sexton, D.; Dudgeon, D.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Preprocessing Moist Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biorefinery Feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biomass preprocessing is one of the primary operations in the feedstock assembly system of a lignocellulosic biorefinery. Preprocessing is generally accomplished using industrial grinders to format biomass materials into a suitable biorefinery feedstock for conversion to ethanol and other bioproducts. Many factors affect machine efficiency and the physical characteristics of preprocessed biomass. For example, moisture content of the biomass as received from the point of production has a significant impact on overall system efficiency and can significantly affect the characteristics (particle size distribution, flowability, storability, etc.) of the size-reduced biomass. Many different grinder configurations are available on the market, each with advantages under specific conditions. Ultimately, the capacity and/or efficiency of the grinding process can be enhanced by selecting the grinder configuration that optimizes grinder performance based on moisture content and screen size. This paper discusses the relationships of biomass moisture with respect to preprocessing system performance and product physical characteristics and compares data obtained on corn stover, switchgrass, and wheat straw as model feedstocks during Vermeer HG 200 grinder testing. During the tests, grinder screen configuration and biomass moisture content were varied and tested to provide a better understanding of their relative impact on machine performance and the resulting feedstock physical characteristics and uniformity relative to each crop tested.

Neal Yancey; Christopher T. Wright; Craig Conner; J. Richard Hess

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2009) 13(4):289-296 DOI 10.1007/s12205-009-0289-z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that count as granular materials, like wheat, corn flakes, rice, coal etc. These materials possess peculiar properties that are not displayed by the conventional substances, e.g., they may behave like solids, liquids

Singh, Jayant K.

326

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. By developing a better understanding of the microbes...

327

Biofuels: Review of Policies and Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model in which exoge- nous shocks from the oil market areoil market. Chang and Su (2010) use the bivariate EGARCH modeloil price volatility to agricultural markets (speci?cally corn and wheat). In their pa- per, stochastic volatility models

Janda, Karel; Kristoufek, Ladislav; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Organophosphorus Hydrolase-Based Assay for Organophosphate K. R. Rogers,*, Y. Wang, A. Mulchandani,*, P. Mulchandani, and W. Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coumaphos in biodegradation samples of cattle dip wastes and showed a high correlation (r2 ) 0, potato, corn, and wheat, turfgrass (3), and livestock (4) (i.e., used extensively in cattle dipping

Chen, Wilfred

329

Quantification of exudation from sorghum roots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) rice, sugar cane (31, 35) wheat, corn, tomato, lucerne (35) corn, wheat, rice (31, 35, 39) legumes (31) decomposition: release of low molecular weight components from degenerate epidermal, cortical and root cap cells; invasion of cells... bacteria/g represent those units for wnich no co'onies were observed at a dilution of 10 30 The uniformity of colonies growing on the agar surface suggested that the variety of microbial species present in the experimental jars was greatly reduced from...

Kennedy, Lynne Susan

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

NMNM--CAFO PLANNINGCAFO PLANNING the Job Aheadthe Job Ahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

use rotation. Alfalfa or Corn Silagerotation. Alfalfa or Corn Silage--WinterWinter Wheat Silage problems. Alfalfa can have downy mildew,problems. Alfalfa can have downy mildew, alfalfa weevil, and clover leaf weevil problems.alfalfa weevil, and clover leaf weevil problems. Manure TransferManure Transfer

331

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture Texas Drought and Beyond CIESS Austin · In Agriculture, it Began in 2010 ­ Wheat and other winter grazing crops are planted in the Fall ­ Lost value ­ Infrastructure losses #12;Agricultural Costs of Drought · Estimated $7.62 Billion ­ Corn, cotton, wheat, hay $4

Yang, Zong-Liang

332

RADIOLOGYandPACUMenu NAME:ROOMDATE:_______  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toast Pancakes CreamofWheat Oatmeal CornMiniMuffin BlueberryMiniMuffin EnglishMuffin Croissant Hash TunaSalad Turkey American EggSalad RoastBeef Swiss ChickenSalad Ham Provolone BreadsWhite,WheatVanillaCake PoundCake Brownie FrostedChocolateCake AngelFoodCake Cookies

Oliver, Douglas L.

333

Toplaceyourmealorderpleasedial MEAL(ext.6325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SaladTurkeyAmerican EggSaladRoastBeefSwiss ChickenSaladHamProvolone BreadsWhite,Wheat,Rye,KaiserRoll, Peanut CreamofWheat Oatmeal EnglishMuffin Croissant BlueberryMiniMuffin CornMiniMuffin HashChocolateCake Brownie AngelFoodCake Cookies:ChocolateChip,PeanutButter Sherbet:Raspberry,Orange Pudding

Oliver, Douglas L.

334

BREAKFAST MENU 5 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccordingtothe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Krispies SpecialKCheerios CreamofWheat Oatmeal BreakfastBreads BlueberryMiniMuffin (1CHO) CornMiniMuffin(1CHO) ChickenMarsala(1CHO) Meatloaf(1CHO)PotRoast Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatPenne w,1mustbefruit)(Each 1CHO) AngelFoodCake FreshFruit:Apple,Grapes,Pineapple, CannedFruit:Peaches,Pears, Applesauce

Oliver, Douglas L.

335

BREAKFASTMenu1+3 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oatmeal CreamofWheat BreakfastBreads(Limit1) EnglishMuffin Croissant BlueberryMiniMuffin Corn&Cheese Meatloaf ChickenMarsala PotRoast Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatPenne w/yourchoiceof: Marinara) FrostedVanillaCakePoundCake BrownieFrostedChocolateCake AngelFoodCake Cookies

Oliver, Douglas L.

336

BREAKFASTMenu1+3 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CreamofWheat BreakfastBreads(Limit1) EnglishMuffin Croissant CornMiniMuffin BreakfastPotatoes BagelPotPie Turkeyw/Stuffing&Gravy ChickenMarsala GrilledChicken PotRoast Pasta:Rotini,WholeWheatPenne orw,1mustbefruit) AngelFoodCake Cookies:ChocolateChip,PeanutButter ItalianIce:Cherry,Watermelon,Lemon Fresh

Oliver, Douglas L.

337

BREAKFASTMenu1+3 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K Cheerios Oatmeal CreamofWheat BreakfastBreads(Limit1) EnglishMuffin BlueberryMiniMuffin Corn Macaroni&CheeseChickenMarsala Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatPenne w/yourchoiceof:Marinara/ GarlicVanillaCakePoundCake BrownieFrostedChocolateCake AngelFoodCake Cookies:ChocolateChip,OatmealRaisin, PeanutButter Sherbet

Oliver, Douglas L.

338

BREAKFAST MENU 5 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccordingtothe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K Cheerios Oatmeal CreamofWheat BreakfastBreads(Limit1) EnglishMuffin BlueberryMiniMuffin Corn Macaroni&CheeseChickenMarsala Pasta:RotiniorWholeWheatPenne w/yourchoiceof:Marinara/ GarlicFrostedChocolateCake AngelFoodCake Cookies:ChocolateChip,OatmealRaisin, PeanutButter Sherbet:Raspberry,Orange Pudding

Oliver, Douglas L.

339

BREAKFAST MENU 5 Yourmenuwillbecorrectedaccordingtothe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CreamofWheat BreakfastBreads(Limit1) EnglishMuffin CornMiniMuffin BreakfastPotatoes Croissant Bagel&DijonCrustedTilapia Turkeyw/Stuffing&Gravy TurkeyPotPie ChickenMarsala PotRoast Pasta:Rotini,WholeWheatPennew/ yourchoiceof,1mustbefruit) AngelFoodCake Cookies:ChocolateChip,PeanutButter ItalianIce:Cherry,Watermelon,Lemon Fresh

Oliver, Douglas L.

340

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prepare for wheat, if herbicide program permits. You can follow corn with wheat the same year if no more. However, continued hot and dry weather can result in a rapid drop in moisture. Therefore, when in doubt dollar value if sold as silage. See your County Agent for assistance in determining moisture content. Q

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Biological studies and characterization of the High Plains Disease pathogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with the HPD pathogen no longer being detected 45 days post infestation in any of the treatments for wheat or corn. A purification protocol was established for isolation of the double-membrane particles associated with HPD from wheat leaves. When viewed...

Mirabile, Joanna

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable microbial biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable and fertilized Corn: flood irrigated and fertilized Wheat-Fallow: a dryland winter wheat cropping system C and N mineralization rates (data not shown) than other ecosystems, suggesting that energy

Hall, Sharon J.

343

Wheat Production in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

locations L-1 Research Extension area districts I 1.2 11 3,6.7 I11 4,s IV 8.9.11 v 10,12 l 1. Perryton 814. Denton a 2. Etter e15. Shennan m 3. Bushland m16. Overton a 4. Wellington 817. McGregor a 5. Plainview m18. Temple 8 6. ~ubbock m19... Research testing area I I1 I11 IV v perrpnt j Extension district 1, 2 3, 6, 7 4, 5 8, 9, 11 10, 12 Total of tnta Varietv i Atlas 66 0 0 700 7,937 50 8,687 0.1R Bison 13,620 0 0 0 0 13,620 0.2? Caddo 138,411 152,257 35,184 123,186 1,375 450,413 9,:s...

Atkins, I. M.; Porter, K. B.; Merkle, O. G.; Lahr, K. A.; Gilmore, E. C.

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Wheat Production in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-27 19 10 34.3 87 Tascosa 20.0 13 60.7 4-24 5-29 49 3 1 32.8 92 Early Blackhull 19.7 25 59.7 4-18 5-24 53 12 35.5 87 Comanche 19.4 9 56.9 4-26 5-29 38 14 34.6 82 Tenmarq 16.8 25 56.7 4-27 6- 1 53 25 35.2 88 Triumph 12.0 3 58.8 4-20 5-27 70 84....5 137 Atlas 66 19.7 15 55.0 4-17 5-26 28 4 34.4 108 Red May 18.0 10 56.5 4-24 5-26 44 45 32.8 92 Denton' 17.3 24 55.8 4-29 6-1 29 38 35.8 91 Austin 19.6 25 56.1 4-21 5-27 34 9 36.4 100 DURUM VARIETIES Sentry 24.4 15 61.2 4-12 5-22 14 Tr 37.2 106...

Atkins, I. M.; Porter, K. B.; Lahr, Keith; Merkle, Owen G.; Futrell, M. C.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Overproduction of ligninolytic enzymes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods, compositions, and systems for overproducing ligninolytic enzymes from the basidiomycetous fungus are described herein. As described, the method can include incubating a fungal strain of Cerrena unicolor IBB 303 in a fermentation system having growth medium which includes lignocellulosic material and then cultivating the fungal strain in the fermentation system under conditions wherein the fungus expresses the ligninolytic enzymes. In some cases, the lignocellulosic material is mandarin peel, ethanol production residue, walnut pericarp, wheat bran, wheat straw, or banana peel.

Elisashvili, Vladimir; Kachlishvili, Eva; Torok, Tamas

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

346

Studies of yield and quality of grain, yield components, effect of leaf rust, and forage production of mixed varietal populations, and pure stands of varieties in wheat and oats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, AND FORAGE PRODUCTION OF MIXED VARIETAL POPULATIONS, AND PURE STANDS OF VARIETIES IN WHEAT AND OATS By Renaud Wilfred da Gama Rose A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fuli'illment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE AGRONOMY May 1964 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT S The writer wishes to express sincere appreciation for suggestions and assistance from the following persons. Dr. I. M. Atkins, i' or constant supervision, assistance, and suggestions...

Da Gama Rose, Renaud Wilfred

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by pyrolysis of biomass under oxygen-limited conditions. In recent years, biochar has re- ceived considerable's personal copy Adsorption of copper and zinc by biochars produced from pyrolysis of hardwood and corn straw: Biochar Copper Zinc Adsorption kinetic Adsorption isotherm a b s t r a c t Biochars produced by pyrolysis

Lehmann, Johannes

348

Integrated Corn-Based Biorefinery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet summarizes a U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program research and development project.

349

The Heating of Corn Chops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SUB-STATIONS. E. E. B in fobd , Beeville Sub-Station......... ................................... Beeville, Bee County W, S. H o tc h k is s , Troup Sub-Station........................................ Troup, Smith County E. M. J oh n s to n... , Cooperative Rice Station................Beaumont, Jefferson County I. S. Y o rk , Spur Sub-Station.......................................................... Spur, Dickens County T. W . B u e l l , Denton, Sub...

Fraps, G. S.

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Cooking with Corn Syrup (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utilizar. Para asegurar una mejor calidad utilice el jarabe en un periodo que no exceda un a?o desde el momento en que lo adquiri?. Imitaci?n de Pay de Nuez (rinde 8 porciones) Ingredientes 1 /2 taza de az?car 1 /4 de taza (media barrita) de mantequilla o... Extensionista Especialista en Nutrici?n, El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M. Producido por Agricultural Communications, El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M. Conforme a la ley federal y la pol...

Anding, Jenna

2001-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

351

Corn Plus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop, IncKilauea Jump to: navigation,

352

Owens Corning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesa IOvonic Battery Company

353

Winterizing Equipment Mulching Strawberries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equipment. Drain all water from lines, and follow manufacturer's recommen- dations on winterizing pumps. Mulching Strawberries: If you haven't already done so you should make arrangements for you mulch supply now weed or wheat seeds. Any straw is suitable as long as it is heavy enough to resist blowing off

Ginzel, Matthew

354

Comparison of the chemical composition and the particle size of alimentary bolus in goats and sheep fed various diets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

period. Two forages were studied successively: orchard-lucerne hay and wheat straw (diet 1: 800 g lucerne alimen- tary bolus had a greater (P lucerne alimentary bolus (table I). With the lucerne hay, the crude protein (CP) and ash contents were the same (P

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Cost Effective Bioethanol via Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover, Saccharification, and Conversion via a Novel Fermentation Organism: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number: CRD-12-485  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program will convert acid pretreated corn stover to sugars at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and then transfer these sugars to Honda R&D and its partner the Green Earth Institute (GEI) for conversion to ethanol via a novel fermentation organism. In phase one, NREL will adapt its pretreatment and saccharification process to the unique attributes of this organism, and Honda R&D/GEI will increase the sugar conversion rate as well as the yield and titer of the resulting ethanol. In later phases, NREL, Honda R&D, and GEI will work together at NREL to optimize and scale-up to pilot-scale the Honda R&D/GEI bioethanol production process. The final stage will be to undertake a pilot-scale test at NREL of the optimized bioethanol conversion process.

Dowe, N.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The villa : an architectural study in straw building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and develop an environmentally sound home for a single family. Explore the concept that making a that making a home "green" or "sustainable" need not overwhelm the aesthetic, spatial or conceptual components of a house.

Buck-Mayer, Lindsey L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Evaluation of High Solids Alkaline Pretreatment of Rice Straw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cellulase (Celluclast 1.5 L; Novozymes, Franklinton, NC) and?-glucosidase (Novo 188, Novozymes) were added at 15 filter

Cheng, Yu-Shen; Zheng, Yi; Yu, Chao Wei; Dooley, Todd M.; Jenkins, Bryan M.; VanderGheynst, Jean S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Shakumbhri Straw Products Ltd SSPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation, search|Sewaren, NewShadow Flicker JumpShaheShakumbhri

359

Yancheng Chuangneng Straw Electricity Generation Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamsonWoodsonCounty is a countyYancey County, North

360

Ammonia volatilization from soils with surface rice straw residue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rice residue and related factors on NH3 volatilization from an acid Beaumont clay (pH 5.4) and an alkaline Lake Charles clay (pH 7.4). The treatments in the greenhouse and lab consisted of all possible combinations of the following variables: surface...

Barghassa, Peyam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Effects of CGA-43089 and related oximes on the response of grain sorghum to selected herbicides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enhanced the normal enzyme systems which con- verted DS-5328 (cis-2, 5-dimethyl-l-pyrrolidinecarboxanilide) to water soluble, nonherbicidal metabolites in corn tissue. Lay et al. (22, 23) also showed that R-25788 enhanced the GSH (glutathione) content... in root cells of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) and corn. In studies with isolated spinach (S inacia oleracea L. ) chloroplasts and mung bean (Phaseolus aureus Roxb. ) mitochondria, Moreland et al. (25) indicated that twelve substituted 2, 6-dinitro...

Chang, Tsern-Shi

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Feeding for Efficient Growth and Prevention of Slipped Tendons in Chickens.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

better than those obtained with the original ration, md they were made with d. A ration composed of orn meal 44 7-8 4 [rated alfalfa leaf meal 5 % , dric milk 696, cottons 16%, meat and bone scrap 6 %, wheat gray shorts 20 a, rice bran 10 %, >yster... .__...._..__-.-_------- 6 Rice Bran Compared with Yellow Corn Meal .._-__._...____..---..----..-..------.. 9 Ground Oat Groats Compared with Yellow Corn Meal ..-..__.-....._.._---.-.__- 9 Meat and Bone Scrap Compared with Dried Buttermilk, Cottonseed Meal, and Whole...

Sherwood, R. M. (Ross Madison); Couch, James Russell

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Characterization of secondary grain dust explosions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dust less than 106 um . . . ~ . . ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 4 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for wheat dust less than 106 um . 28 5 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for rice dust less than 106 um ~ 29 6 Coulter Counter particle size... distribution f' or wheat/sorghum dust, less than 106 um . 7 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for soybean dust less than 106 um 31 8 Coulter Counter particle size distribution for corn dust between 106 and. 250 um 9 Coulter Counter particle size...

Schulman, Cheryl Wendler

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Composition and Productive Energy of Poultry Feeds and Rations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 43 for alfalfa leaf meal, 204 for TI-hole barley, 129 for dried buttermilk, 114 for corn gluten feed, 120 for cottonseed meal, 121 for meat and bone scraps, 114 for dried skim milk, 13 for oat hulls, and 206 for whole wheat, compared with 241... of corn meal was produc- tire energy and could be stored as protein or fat. That is to say, the loss of utilization of metabolizable energy for production of protein and fat fronz corn meal was approximately 28 percent. Within the same experiments...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The European Community feed grain substitute problem: an econometric analysis of import demand for feedstuffs in the European Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-62, Overall and 1976-78 278 C-2. Derived Two-State Least Squares Reduced-Forms from the TSLS1 (Barley-FGS) Model 279 C-3. Derived Two-Stage Least Squares Reduced-Forms from the TSLS2 (Corn-FGS) Model 281 C-4. Derived Two-Stage Lease Squares Reduced... wheat, barley, corn, oats sorghum, soybeans, soybean meal, snd cassava supply and demand averages for 1975-78 in 1, 000 metric tons and percentages . 122 Actual and Estimated Quantity of United States Corn Imported into the European Community 208...

Tucker, James Leroy

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The influence of burning on nitrogen dynamics of a Pan American balsamscale community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nutrient content because maintenance of soil nutrition depends on mineralization of organic matter. Biederbeck et al. (1980) found that, burning wheat straw for 20 consecutive years reduced N and. C levels in the top 15 cm of Saskatchewan prairie soil... to 3 weeks in establishing fences, some early but minimal disturbance of the plots by cattle occurred. Environmental conditions for the burns were within the limits given by Scifres (1980) for safe, effective burns on the Texas coastal prairie...

Greene, Thomas Alexander

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Countercurrent Process for Lignin Separation from Biomass Matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall goal of the project was to test the concept of using a twin-screw extruder to conduct autohydrolysis pretreatment of wheat straw in countercurrent fashion, demonstrate in situ solid/liquid separation, and produce a low-lignin cellulose product using ethanol as an extractant. The resultant solid product is suitable for sugar production through enzymatic hydrolysis and for pulp applications. Pilot-scale equipment was used to successfully demonstrate the process both for sugar and pulp applications.

Kiran Kadam; Ed Lehrburger

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Experimental investigation into fast pyrolysis of biomass using an entrained-flow reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pyrolysis experiments were performed using 30 and 90cm entrained-flow reactors, with steam as a carrier gas and two different feedstocks - wheat straw and powdered material drived from municipal solid waste (ECO-II TM). Reactor wall temperature was varied from 700/sup 0/ to 1400/sup 0/C. Gas composition data from the ECO-II tests were comparable to previously reported data but ethylene yield appeared to vary with reactor wall temperature and residence time. The important conclusion from the wheat straw tests is that olefin yields are about one half that obtained from ECO-II. Evidence was found that high olefin yields from ECO-II are due to the presence of plastics in the feedstock. Batch experiments were run on wheat straw using a Pyroprobe/sup TM/. The samples were heated at a high rate (20,000/sup 0/ C/sec) to 1000/sup 0/ and held at 1000/sup 0/C for a variable period of time from 0.05 to 4.95s. For times up to 0.15s volume fractions of ethylene, propylene, and methane increase while that of carbon dioxide decreases. Subsequently, only carbon monoxide and hydrogen are produced. The change may be related to poor thermal contact and suggests caution in using the Pyroprobe.

Bohn, M.; Benham, C.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Grain Sorghums Versus Corn for Fattening Lambs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS A8-122-15M-L STATION STAFF? ADMINISTRATION ENTOMOLOGY B. YOUNGBLOOD M. S Ph. D Director CHARLES A. FEL~ER, chief ~le& A. S. WARE Secretary A. D. JACK~ON Ezecutive Assistant CHARLES GOR~YCKI Technical.... gain. ....................... Initial cost per lamb at feed lot.. ..................... ..... Interest, labor, selling and shipping cost per lamb. Average feed cost ~er lamb.. ........................ ............................... Total cost per...

Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Brewer, Roy A.

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Influence of Climate on Composition of Corn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................... ......................... Water Ash ........................... Albuminoidu ................... Fiber .......................... Xi trogen-free Ex .............. Fat ............................ 4.49 5.14 23.78 64.50 2.09 3.58 3.86 4.14 6.38 22.54 65.11 1.93 ;7... ............................ ................... Albuminoids Fiber .......................... ............... Nitrogen-free Ex .......................... Fats 5 1.81 10.52 2.09 10.97 2.06 69.97 4.36 1.02 11.60 1.83 80.12 5.43 617 1.56 1.65 9.73 11.62 2.00, 2.07 4 ------- 1.71 9.75 1...

Harrington, H. H. (Henry Hill); Adriance, Duncan

1891-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Maximizing the enzymic saccharification of corn stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/g i3-glucosidase (Novozyme 188) and 5 FPU/g cellulase (Spezyme-CP) were added The flasks were then cultured in an incubated shaker (50 'C, 100 rpm, Amerex Instruments ' All enzyme loadings given as activity units per gram of dry biomass. Orbital...

Kaar, William Edward

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Factors affecting viscosity changes in corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of heating rate, holding temperature and CMC. Differences were found to exist between meals from different crop years which were not attributable to particle size. When tested at 13, 15 and 17% solids, new meal consistently developed viscosity earliest...

McGill, Kendra Louise

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

2013 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hall Ithaca, NY 14853-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University

Pawlowski, Wojtek

374

2012 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS

Pawlowski, Wojtek

375

2010 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS

Pawlowski, Wojtek

376

2011 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS

Pawlowski, Wojtek

377

2008 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS

Pawlowski, Wojtek

378

2009 New York Hybrid Corn Grain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1901 Building Strong and Vibrant New York Communities Cornell Cooperative Extension provides equal program and employment opportunities. NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NYS College of Human Ecology, and NYS

Pawlowski, Wojtek

379

Corn Belt Power Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop, IncKilauea Volcano,2A,CorixPower

380

Corning, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop, IncKilauea Jump

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dow Corning Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1DeringDolgeville,Massachusetts: Energy

382

Heartland Corn Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer CountyCorridorPart A Permit ApplicationHeartland Biofuel

383

Corn and Cotton Experiments for 1908.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be judged. The beds were dragged down, and planted at the usual time. No. 2 was center furro~ved and bedded, the plow running six inches deep as nearly as could be judged, and the beds were dragged down as before. Acre No. 3 v,-as flat broken 6 inches.... Rennett's. Dallas Fair No. 12, Dallas Fair No. 5. - -. - Bennett's. 31.66 Da1la.j Fair No. 6. 28.33 Dallas Fair No. 2. 27.08 Crib. 24.16 - . -- - -- Bennett's. Dallas Fair No. 4. Crib. Dallas Fair No. 3. Kennett's. 'Jrih. Dallas Fair No...

Welborn, W. C. (Wayne C.)

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Corn Plus Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentratingRenewable Solutions LLC Jump to:Information NewAdvisors Jump2007) |

385

Pro Corn LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug Power IncPowderClimateMeadows, NewPrior Lake,Sector Jump

386

Al Corn Clean Fuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil JumpAerowattOpen2008 | Open

387

Corn Belt Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The following text is derivedCoReturnCookson HillsCoral

388

Tall Corn Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to: navigation,Open EnergyFacilityTEPCounty,TaliaferroTall

389

Grain Sorghum Vs. Corn for Fattening Lambs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ezecutive Assisfant Apiculturist CHARLES SOSOLIK. Technical Assistant C. 's.' RGDE: B. 's.','A ssistant EntornoIog~ VETERINARY SCIENCE *M FRANCIS D. V M Chief H. SCHMIDT, D. V. s., herinarian D. H. BENNETT. V. M. D., Veterinarian CHEMISTRY G S FRAPS...

Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Brewer, Roy A.; Dickson, R. E.

1920-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Bioaugmentation for Electricity Generation from Corn Stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for microbial fermenta- tion to ethanol. This conversion of cellulose to sugars can,suchascornstover,forethanolproduction (1-3). One of the main technical obstacles is that cellulose needs to first be converted to sugars gas through cellulose fermentation or electricity in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) (3, 4). On the anode

391

Vol. 78, No. 1, 2001 97 Characterization of Extruded Plant Protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Gennadios et al 1993). The research has shown films cast with food proteins lack important barrierVol. 78, No. 1, 2001 97 Characterization of Extruded Plant Protein and Petroleum-Based Packaging- mentioned market segments. Many reports have been published on cast films using corn and wheat protein (Aydt

392

State Laboratory Program -Calibration Scope Summary Certificate Date Comments Mass I Mass II Mass III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 3000 lb 500 gal to 1 gal 500 gal to 20 gal LPG Corn 21 % to 14 % Wheat 18 % to 13 % Soy Bean 17 % to 12 gal Los Angeles County 2014 10 kg to 100 g 5000 lb to 1 lb 8 oz to 4 oz 5 gal to 1 gal Louisiana 2014

393

Ethanol plant investment in Canada: A structural model1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Fujin Yi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ethanol plant investment in Canada: A structural model1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Fujin Yi Most of the fuel ethanol plants in Canada were built recently and either use corn or wheat as feedstock. It is important to determine what factors affect decisions about when and where to invest in building new ethanol

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

394

Transportation accounts for a quarter of the United States green house gases. With this statistic being so high and the need for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Transportation accounts for a quarter of the United States green house gases at alternative fuels. Ethanol has recently been gaining popularity throughout recent years for it's clean burning properties and its availability. Ethanol is produced from plant matter (i.e. corn, sugar cane, wheat, barley

Toohey, Darin W.

395

Agriculture Will Turn Up, But Just a Bit In 1999* A fter a difficult 1998, Indi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, not counting food and fuel. With falling oil prices, over- all inflaction is less than 2 percent. Only modes will be related to modest reductions in input costs. Wheat prices are expected to be about 20 cents per bushel higher than for the 1998 crop, with corn prices unchanged and soybean prices down 20 cents. The animal

396

Air Resources Laboratory Publications FY 1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.D. A comparative study of mass and energy exchange rates over a closed C3 (wheat) and an open C4 (corn) crop: II. CO2 exchange and water use efficiency. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 67:291-321 (1994 Physiology 14:1069-1079 (1994). BALDOCCHI, D.D. Are crops and forests spherical?: The role of canopy

397

HYG-5554-05 Human Nutrition, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dressing, margarine, almond oil, olive oil, palm oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, wheat germ cereal, bread, pasta, rice Fats, Oils, Sweets--vegetable oils (corn, soy, cottonseed, safflower), salad oil, mayonnaise Fruit--apple, mango Vegetables--spinach, tomato juice, avocado, asparagus, sweet

398

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 78 (1999) 177 OVER-WINTER CONDITION CHANGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

had increased body and lipid mass and more metabolizable energy in their crops compared to individuals and subsequent spring condition of females. Food plots can benefit the condition levels of wintering northern bob- whites (Colinus virginianus). Northern bobwhites using food plots (corn, sorghum, and wheat) in Kansas

399

QHow can we determine the resiliency of the winter cereal-legume intercrop system to agronomic management?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, creates a forage crop to utilize solar energy, and provides nitrogen to subsequent crops as a green manure. Background Incorporating winter cereal grains into the north central United States corn-soybean system could for differences in maximum leaf area, plant height, and dry matter. A second study evaluated wheat

Debinski, Diane M.

400

The passage of LB962 accelerated efforts to conjunctively manage ground water and surface water in Nebraska. The drought across the High Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

beans, and canola grown in a no-till cropping system versus full irrigation and 2. to determine block design with four replications. Wheat, dry beans and canola received 4, 8 and 12 inches irrigation. Corn irrigation levels were 5, 10 and 15 inches. Seeding rates: dry beans (96,000/a), canola (7#/a

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cooking with Black-Eyed Peas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the most protein from the peas, serve them with grain foods such as corn, rice or wheat. A serving size is ? cup. Uses Use black-eyed peas as a tasty side dish or include it in casseroles, soups, and salads. Black-eyed peas are often packaged in 1- or 2...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

402

The Plant Cell, October 2009, www.plantcell.org 2009 American Society of Plant Biologists TEACHING TOOLS IN PLANT BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that frequently they no longer resemble their wild ances- tors. A cultivated field of any of our major crops to con- vert the energy from sunlight into chemi- cal energy has allowed plants to occupy a niche from grains, primarily rice, wheat, and corn, as well as some leg- umes. We grow our crops in areas

Bauwe, Hermann

403

Corn Silage The Minnesota Hybrid Corn Silage Evaluation Program evaluates the silage potential of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Elbow Lake, May 29 and September 25, respectively. Planting at all locations was delayed by the cool are listed. Hybrids are ranked in descending order of milk yield per acre (Milk Yield, lb/acre). Genetic. NDFD is expressed as a percent of NDF. Milk production potential per ton (lb milk/ ton forage) and per

Weiblen, George D

404

California Fruit & Vegetable Intake Calibration Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPINACH SALAD/CELERY/TOMATO SALAD/CORN SALAD/CORN/CARROT SALAD/CORN/LETTUCE SALAD/CORN/PEAS SALAD/CORN/TOMATO SALAD/CORN/WATER

DiSogra, Charles; Hudes, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Karnal Bunt: A Disease of Wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPM and Extension Specialist in Plant Pathology and Entomology; Professor and Extension Program Leader for Plant Pathology; and Professor, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station; TheTexas A&M University System. Greta Schuster, Joseph Krausz and Charlie...

Schuster, Greta; Krausz, Joseph P.; Rush, Charlie

2002-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

406

Texas Wheat Flows and Transportation Modes, 1975.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 4 SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS .. PECOS i>LATEAU .. Crop Reporting District 1-S Crop Reporting Districts 6 and 7 Crop Reporting 0 istricts _ 10-N and 10-S ROLLING PLAINS Crop Reporting Districts l 2-N, 2-S and 3 Crop Reporting Districts 4, 5...- State Capacity High High Plains Texas Coast Grande Plateau Average Plains Plains Plains (bushels) ------------ - - ----------------------- ~ 500,000 2.39 2.77 2.66 2.18 2.02 1. 91 4.07 2.34 500,001-1,000,000 1. 75 1. 55 0.64 1.64 1.?40 2.24 bl 1...

Fuller, Stephen; Paggi, Mechel; Engler, Dwayne

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

CULTIVAR DESCRIPTION CDC Kestrel winter wheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A8. E-mail: Brian.Fowler@usask.ca. Received of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The Food Production and Inspection Branch of Agriculture and Agri- nomic performance of S86-15 was further evaluated in yield trials at six locations in Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan, University of

408

Wheat Ridge Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer & AssociatesWestIL NumberPower WindmeaningSolar

409

Integrated Assessment of Hadley Centre (HadCM2) Climate-Change Impacts on Agricultural Productivity and Irrigation Water Supply in the Conterminous United States. Part II. Regional Agricultural Production in 2030 and 2095.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study used scenarios of the HadCM2 GCM and the EPIC agroecosystem model to evaluate climate change impacts on crop yields and ecosystem processes. Baseline climate data were obtained from records for 1961-1990. The scenario runs for 2025-2034 and 2090-2099 were extracted from a HadCM2 run. EPIC was run on 204 representative farms under current climate and two 10-y periods centered on 2030 and 2095, each at CO2 concentrations of 365 and 560 ppm. Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California are projected to experience significant temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas are projected to experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the NE. These increases are predicted to expand to the eastern half of the country by 2095. EPIC simulated yield increases for the Great Lakes, Corn Belt and Northeast regions. Simulated yields of irrigated corn yields were predicted to increase in almost all regions. Soybean yields could decrease in the Northern and Southern Plains, the Corn Belt, Delta, Appalachian, and Southeast regions and increase in the Lakes and Northeast regions. Simulated wheat yields exhibited upward yield trends under scenarios of climate change. National corn production in 2030 and 2095 could be affected by changes in three major producing regions. In 2030, corn production could increase in the Corn Belt and Lakes regions but decrease in the Northern Plains leading to an overall decrease in national production. National wheat production is expected to increase during both future periods. A proxy indicator was developed to provide a sense of where in the country, and when water would be available to satisfy change in irrigation demand for corn and alfalfa production as these are influenced by the HadCM2 scenarios and CO2-fertilization.

Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Rosenberg, Norman J.; Brown, Robert A.; Thomson, Allison M.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

410

TASK 3.4--IMPACTS OF COFIRING BIOMASS WITH FOSSIL FUELS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With a major worldwide effort now ongoing to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, cofiring of renewable biomass fuels at conventional coal-fired utilities is seen as one of the lower-cost options to achieve such reductions. The Energy & Environmental Research Center has undertaken a fundamental study to address the viability of cofiring biomass with coal in a pulverized coal (pc)-fired boiler for power production. Wheat straw, alfalfa stems, and hybrid poplar were selected as candidate biomass materials for blending at a 20 wt% level with an Illinois bituminous coal and an Absaloka subbituminous coal. The biomass materials were found to be easily processed by shredding and pulverizing to a size suitable for cofiring with pc in a bench-scale downfired furnace. A literature investigation was undertaken on mineral uptake and storage by plants considered for biomass cofiring in order to understand the modes of occurrence of inorganic elements in plant matter. Sixteen essential elements, C, H, O, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, B, Mo, and Cl, are found throughout plants. The predominant inorganic elements are K and Ca, which are essential to the function of all plant cells and will, therefore, be evenly distributed throughout the nonreproductive, aerial portions of herbaceous biomass. Some inorganic constituents, e.g., N, P, Ca, and Cl, are organically associated and incorporated into the structure of the plant. Cell vacuoles are the repository for excess ions in the plant. Minerals deposited in these ubiquitous organelles are expected to be most easily leached from dry material. Other elements may not have specific functions within the plant, but are nevertheless absorbed and fill a need, such as silica. Other elements, such as Na, are nonessential, but are deposited throughout the plant. Their concentration will depend entirely on extrinsic factors regulating their availability in the soil solution, i.e., moisture and soil content. Similarly, Cl content is determined less by the needs of the plant than by the availability in the soil solution; in addition to occurring naturally, Cl is present in excess as the anion complement in K fertilizer applications. An analysis was performed on existing data for switchgrass samples from ten different farms in the south-central portion of Iowa, with the goal of determining correlations between switchgrass elemental composition and geographical and seasonal changes so as to identify factors that influence the elemental composition of biomass. The most important factors in determining levels of various chemical compounds were found to be seasonal and geographical differences related to soil conditions. Combustion testing was performed to obtain deposits typical of boiler fouling and slagging conditions as well as fly ash. Analysis methods using computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy and chemical fractionation were applied to determine the composition and association of inorganic materials in the biomass samples. Modified sample preparation techniques and mineral quantification procedures using cluster analysis were developed to characterize the inorganic material in these samples. Each of the biomass types exhibited different inorganic associations in the fuel as well as in the deposits and fly ash. Morphological analyses of the wheat straw show elongated 10-30-{micro}m amorphous silica particles or phytoliths in the wheat straw structure. Alkali such as potassium, calcium, and sodium is organically bound and dispersed in the organic structure of the biomass materials. Combustion test results showed that the blends fed quite evenly, with good burnout. Significant slag deposit formation was observed for the 100% wheat straw, compared to bituminous and subbituminous coals burned under similar conditions. Although growing rapidly, the fouling deposits of the biomass and coal-biomass blends were significantly weaker than those of the coals. Fouling was only slightly worse for the 100% wheat straw fuel compared to the coals. The wheat straw ash was found to show the greatest similar

Christopher J. Zygarlicke; Donald P. McCollor; Kurt E. Eylands; Melanie D. Hetland; Mark A. Musich; Charlene R. Crocker; Jonas Dahl; Stacie Laducer

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Remediation of brine-contaminated soil using calcium nitrate, gypsum, and straw.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Salt-affected soils from point source brine contamination are common in the active oil field in SE Saskatchewan. A remediation process that included dewatering by sub-surface… (more)

Nielsen, Jennifer I.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Building skills, building homes : community sustainability, straw bale construction, and indigenous perspectives.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This narrative inquiry explores how the Building Skills, Building Homes Project, which was undertaken in Saskatchewan, Canada from April – November 2003, exemplified a learning… (more)

Vandale, Carol A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Conversion of rice straw to bio-based chemicals: an integrated process using Lactobacillus brevis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acetic acid, and ethanol concentration increased only for the initial 34 h then remained constant suggesting fermentationacetic acid, and ethanol were 0.92, 0.63, and 0.32 (mM/mM), respectively. Fermentation

Kim, Jae-Han; Block, David E.; Shoemaker, Sharon P.; Mills, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Mainstreaming straw as a construction material : understanding the future of bio-based architectural materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a current trend in design and construction towards the use of distinct prefabricated components in the production of buildings. There is also a growing awareness by architects and builders of the environmental ...

Carbone, Christopher M. (Christopher Martin), 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Selected Vegetable Diseases Allen Straw, Extension Specialist, Southwest Virginia Agricultural Research and Extension Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and keep weeds removed. Destroy plant wastes after harvest. Spray or dust with approved fungicides. Use certified seed. Early Blight or Target Spot Tomatoes Potatoes Brown to black spots on leaves and stems the stem. Practice crop rotation and destroy plant wastes after harvest. Use well-drained soil and keep

Liskiewicz, Maciej

416

Determination of saccharides and ethanol from biomass conversion using Raman spectroscopy: Effects of pretreatment and enzyme composition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the development of facile and rapid quantitative Raman spectroscopy measurements for the determination of conversion products in producing bioethanol from corn stover. Raman spectroscopy was chosen to determine glucose, xylose and ethanol in complex hydrolysis and fermentation matrices. Chapter 1 describes the motives and main goals of this work, and includes an introduction to biomass, commonly used pretreatment methods, hydrolysis and fermentation reactions. The principles of Raman spectroscopy, its advantages and applications related to biomass analysis are also illustrated. Chapter 2 and 3 comprise two published or submitted manuscripts, and the thesis concludes with an appendix. In Chapter 2, a Raman spectroscopic protocol is described to study the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by measuring the main product in hydrolysate, glucose. Two commonly utilized pretreatment methods were investigated in order to understand their effect on glucose measurements by Raman spectroscopy. Second, a similar method was set up to determine the concentration of ethanol in fermentation broth. Both of these measurements are challenged by the presence of complex matrices. In Chapter 3, a quantitative comparison of pretreatment protocols and the effect of enzyme composition are studied using systematic methods. A multipeak fitting algorithm was developed to analyze spectra of hydrolysate containing two analytes: glucose and xylose. Chapter 4 concludes with a future perspective of this research area. An appendix describes a convenient, rapid spectrophotometric method developed to measure cadmium in water. This method requires relatively low cost instrumentation and can be used in microgravity, such as space shuttles or the International Space Station. This work was performed under the supervision of Professor Marc Porter while at Iowa State University. Research related to producing biofuel from bio-renewable resources, especially bioethanol from biomass, has grown significantly in the past decade due to the high demand and rising costs of fossil fuels. More than 3 percent of the energy consumption in the U.S. is derived from renewable biomass, mostly through industrial heat and steam production by the pulp and paper industry, and electricity generation from municipal solid waste (MSW) and forest industry residues. The utilization of food-based biomass to make fuels has been widely criticized because it may increase food shortages throughout the world and raise the cost of food. Thus, nonfood-based and plentiful lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as corn stover, perennial grass, bagasse, sorghum, wheat/rice straw, herbaceous and woody crops, have great potential to be new bio-renewable sources for energy production. Given that many varieties of biomass are available, there is need for a rapid, simple, high-throughput method to screen the conversion of many plant varieties. The most suitable species for each geographic region must be determined, as well as the optimal stage of harvest, impacts of environmental conditions (temperature, soil, pH, etc.). Various genetically modified plants should be studied in order to establish the desired biomass in bioethanol production. The main screening challenge, however, is the complexity of plant cell wall structures that make reliable and sensitive analysis difficult. To date, one of the most popular methods to produce lignocellulosic ethanol is to perform enzymatic hydrolysis followed by fermentation of the hydrolysate with yeast. There are several vital needs related to the field of chemistry that have been suggested as primary research foci needed to effectively improve lignocellulosic ethanol production. These topics include overcoming the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, the pervasiveness of pretreatment, advanced biological processing and better feedstocks. In this thesis, a novel approach using Raman spectroscopy has been developed to address important issues related to bioethanol generation, which will aid the research aimed to solve the topics m

Shih, Chien-Ju

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

417

Spotlight, May 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directories Includes: Does Not Include: Steel (tin) cans ONLY Aluminum Cans Bottles of any kind Sheet or Scrap Metal Any #1-#7 plastic (salad bar take-out, plastic packaging etc) TELEPHONE DIRECTORIES & CATALOGS Includes campus...” commodity crops in industrialized agriculture - corn, cotton, rice, soybeans, and wheat - are subsidized, we need to remember that the fossil fuels used to produce them are also subsidized. Consequently, we are not paying the real cost of food. Unless we...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Soils of Grayson, Lee, McLennan, Titus, and Tyler Counties.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Addition. I-/- I-I- 2822 Durant loam. ! - 2826 .. Corn, 1910.. June corn, 1910 Mustard, 191 0. .. Corn, 1910.. Durant fine sandy Corn, 1910. ... .. loam. Corn, 1910.. .. Corn, 1911.. .. Corn, 1912.. Sorghum, 1912. ... Corn, 1913. 2946... Houston black clay. Corn, 1910. ... Sorghum, 1910. 2823 2947 Houston black clay Corn, 1910. ... I subsoil. June corn, 1910 Durant loam subsoil. Corn, 1912. ... Sorghum, 1913. .. Corn, 1912.. .. Corn, 1911.. .. Corn, 1912.. Sorghum, 1912. 2948...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Multiplication of soilborne wheat mosaic virus (SBWMV) in wheat roots infected by a soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Fortuna, Moulitt, Pernel, Sabre, Tarasque. Sabre and Avalon showed the same virus concentration as Hardi 33 cultivars étudiés, 9 d'entre eux : « Capitole, Cargo, Fortuna, Moulin, Rescler, Albatros, Fidel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

A comparison of assay techniques of corn and sorghum viruses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Colowick and N. O. Kaplan, eds. Methods in enzymology. Vol. I. Academic Press, New York. 31. NAKANE, P. K. and A. KAWAOI. 1974. Peroxidase- labelled antibody ? a new method of conjugation. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 22:1084-1091. 32. NIKOLIC, V. and D..., was also studied. Immunosorbent plates were coated rv with gamma globulin specific for NDMV. Two enzymes, horse- radish peroxidase and alkaline phosphatase, were each conjugated to NDMV specific antisera. Each worked well being as sensitive as 50 pg...

Huebner, Rae Allison

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Grain Sorghums Versus Corn for Fattening Baby Beeves.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. D. PEARCR. JnspecIor J. 13. ROGERS, Inspector \\\\r. H. WOOD, Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beeville. Bee County No. 8. Lubbock. Lubbock County I. E. COWART, RI. S., Superintendenf R. E. I~ARPER. B. S., Superinfendent No. 2. Troup. Smith... County W. S. HOTCHKISS, Superintendent No. 9. Pecos. Reeves County V. L. CORY. B. S., Superinfendent No. 3. Angleton. Brazoria County V. E. HAFNER, B. S., Superintendent No. 10. Co!lege Station. Brazos Count (Feeding and Breeding Substatic L. J...

Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Brewer, Roy A.; Dickson, R. E.

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Lime pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and then distributed to each column by the air-manifold having one input and 10 output fittings. Compressed nitrogen gas (Praxair Co., College Station, TX) was used to make the non-oxidative condition and supplied to each column by the N2-manifold after preheating...

Kim, Se Hoon

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

423

Mathematical modeling of impingement drying of corn tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

drying process should balance the beneficial effects, such as extended shelf life and desirable textural changes, with unfavorable effects, such as nutrient loss and decrease in digestibility (Barbosa-Canovas and Vega-Mercado, 1996). 2. 3 Methods... to 39'C (Barbosa-Canovas and Vega-Mercado, 1996). This method is used in processing citrus juices, apple flakes and other heat-sensitive products (Sokhansanj and Jayas, 19877. ~Fd ~ 1 1 1 lf1 d fh 1d~'i g. Th f p d fl *?p d to reduced pressure below...

Braud, Louise Marie

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hexose cofermentation using recombinant Zymomonas mobilis. Aspen Plus chemical process simulation software 2 was used to compute material and energy balances for a biorefinery...

425

The effect of flaxseed hulls on expanded corn meal products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 14 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope images of extruadates containing brown flaxseed hulls. A) 25% Brown flaxseed hulls (15% feed moisture); B). 25% Brown flaxseed hulls (12% feed moisture)...56 15 Environmental Scanning Electron...) with 20% brown flaxseed hulls, D) whole ground white (ATX631xRTX436)?????? 80 26 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope images of Sumac extruadates with and with out brown flaxseed hulls. A) Extrudate with 80% Sumac and 20% Brown...

Barron, Marc Edward

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the foregoing reasons, and in view ofthe objectives and considerations set forth in 10 CFR 784, all ofwhich have been considered, it is recommended that the requested waiver be...

427

Owens Corning and Silicon Valley Power Partner to Make Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2009) More Documents & Publications Industrial Customer Perspectives on Utility Energy Efficiency Programs Pumping System Assessment Tool Fact Sheet Microsoft Word - Document1...

428

Collection, Commercial Processing, and Utilization of Corn Stover  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet summarizes a U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program research and development project.

429

Corn Variety Experiments, Substation no. 3, Angleton, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. omid, Soils H. SCHMIDT b. V. s Veterinarian E. B. REYNOLDS, M. S., Agronom~st, Small Grains D. H. BENP~~T. V. M. D.,Veferinarian E. W. GEYER. B. S., Agronomist; Farm Super iniendenl CHEMISTRY **SALOME COMSTOCK, B. S., Seed Analvd G S FRAPS...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

CURRICULUM VITA Cornelis Folkert de Hoop May 22, 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. * Expert system to diagnose electrical, mechanical and product-quality problems with veneer lathes and pulpwood. Budgets always met at competitive rates. * Reports on government sale methodology for industry stormwater runoff, biomass energy production/consumption, firelog development and GIS applications. My

431

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION METALLURGIC...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LABORATORY BAYSIDE, NEW YORK Work performed by the Health and Safety Research Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 March 1980 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL...

432

Field Tests with Corn at College Station and Beeville.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . 4.13 4.69 2.87 * 4.04 2.33 5.33 1.77 2.62 4.43 R ain fa ll in inches for J u ly .................. 2.47 .45 1.36 .75 .45 1.64 1.51 .48 1.45 2.60 Rain fa ll in inches for A u gu stf .......... 1.19 .75 .09 3.99 1.85 7.01 2.81 .60 4.68 .21 * Data... inches in the drill. 2. V arie ty and D istance Test?Embracing 5 varieties, th e d istance varying between rows from 3 feet to 5 feet, and 2 1-2 feet to 3 feet in the drill. SUMMARY OF RESULTS. COLLEGE STATION. Varieties?W ith th e varie...

Pittuck, B. C.; Connell, J. H.

1898-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

---COrn!CTT ON---A Science service Feature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

doors and this undeniably had a favorable advertising effect, Pmsersby were greeted vith a blast? was over and they returned to the street the outeide air was like the breath o f e. blast

434

Serendipity in Science by Robert M. Corn. May 2, 2014.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optical properties and can be used to harvest photons efficiently for solar energy, split laser beams used ingredient of plastic water bottles) on top of a thin, bendable film of Teflon. They then etched the layers or some other dark material? Or maybe the oxygen plasma created species that reacted with the Teflon

435

Grain Sorghums Versus Corn for Fattening Lambs : Third Experiment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. gain. ..... Average feed cbost per lamb. ....... Iqitial cost per lamb at feed lot at 13Mcentsperpound ......... Interest, labor, shipping and selling .. charges per head, estimated.. Total cost per lamb.. ............. Estimated selling weight... at Fort Worth, lbs. .......... .: ..... Sellinq price per lamb at Fort Worth ........... at $19.50 per cwt.. Estimated net profit per lamb.. .... Necessary selling price per cwt. to ................ break even.. 20 59.880 95.250 35.370 0.393 1...

Jones, J. M. (Joseph McKinley); Dickson, R. E.

1923-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Biofuels from Corn Stover: Pyrolytic Production and Catalytic Upgrading Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to security issues in energy supply and environmental concerns, renewable energy production from biomass becomes an increasingly important area of study. Thus, thermal conversion of biomass via pyrolysis and subsequent upgrading procedures were...

Capunitan, Jewel Alviar

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Sandia National Laboratories: JBEI Researchers Splice Corn Gene...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this goal has been taken by researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), a DOE Bioenergy Research Center led by the Lawrence Berkeley...

438

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATION REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of any waived invention will be manufactured substantially in the United WAIVER ACTION - ABSTRACT W(A)-96-026 (CH-0915) REOUESTOR CONTRACT SCOPE OF WORK RATIONALE FOR DECISION...

439

The Origin of Indian Corn and its Relatives.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Massachusetts, and sporadically in Central and South America, and in the West Indies. All of the species of Tripsacuni are vigorous perennials and are known only in the wild, though a number of them have been, and are still being, tested as forage crops... tropical America to Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Bolivia; West Indies. This species includes a number of forms that differ in morphological and cytological characters. It is in need of further study. T. floridanurn Porter (Tripsacztm dactyloides var...

Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph); Reeves, R. G. (Robert Gatlin)

1939-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Corn LP formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop, IncKilauea

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Corning, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop, IncKilauea Jumpis a city in

442

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsBSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdfBetter BuildingsBetter

443

Robbins Corn & Bulk Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm JumpRoanoke, Virginia:

444

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Nuclear Corp Inc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site - MO 02Sutton Steele and

445

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Plant - NY 19  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site - MO 02Sutton Steele andPlant - NY

446

Gene Controls Flowering Time in Corn - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with BigGASIFICATIONGaussian onSLCA/IPGENDERGene

447

Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: EnergyPierce County,3.3075694°, -75.6521271°Processors LLC

448

City of Corning, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (Utility Company) Jump to:Chicopee,Colman Place:Cornell,

449

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION METALLURGICAL LABORATORY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCT 28 1% - :NEW;ORAU/ I_ROHM AND

450

Sandia National Laboratories: JBEI Researchers Splice Corn Gene into  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS ExhibitIowa State University Sandia and

451

Factors affecting the color of corn tortillas and tortilla chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to increase or decrease pH. Hydrogen, benzoyl and calcium peroxide were added as bleaching agents to improve tortilla chip color. Masa was sheeted, baked, cut, equilibrated and fried to produce tortillas and chips using pilot plant equipment. The color (L, a...

Mireles, Raquel C

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Bt vs. non-Bt corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids: effect on degradation of corn stover in soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 that came from rice cultivation and field burning of plant residues (USEIA, 2007). Synthetic fertilizer applied to forests and agricultural soils contributed to direct release of N2O, and wildfires and crop residue burning caused the emission...

Salvatore, Herminia T.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

453

Dendrochronology of the Wixson Road Log Cabin and Benjamin Patterson Inn, Corning-Painted Post Historical Society, Corning, NY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 1838, 1855, and again in 1863. In the NYS Census for 1865, the house was described as "log Patterson Inn with its well- documented 1796 building date and the patterns of a modern oak chronology

Manning, Sturt

454

Long-term climate change impacts on agricultural productivity in eastern China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are expected to induce significant climate change over the next century and beyond, but the impacts on society remain highly uncertain. This work examines potential climate change impacts on the productivity of five major crops in northeastern China: canola, corn, potato, rice, and winter wheat. In addition to determining domain-wide trends, the objective is to identify vulnerable and emergent regions under future climate conditions, defined as having a greater than 10% decrease and increase in productivity, respectively. Data from the ICTP RegCM3 regional climate model for baseline (1961-1990) and future (2071-2100) periods under A2 scenario conditions are used as input in the EPIC agro-ecosystem simulation model in the domain [30șN, 108șE] to [42șN, 123șE]. Simulations are performed with and without the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect. Results indicate that aggregate potential productivity (i.e. if the crop is grown everywhere) increases 6.5% for rice, 8.3% for canola, 18.6% for corn, 22.9% for potato, and 24.9% for winter wheat, although with significant spatial variability for each crop. However, absent the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect, potential productivity declines in all cases ranging from 2.5-12%. Interannual yield variability remains constant or declines in all cases except rice. Climate variables are found to be more significant drivers of simulated yield changes than changes in soil properties, except in the case of potato production in the northwest where the effects of wind erosion are more significant. Overall, in the future period corn and winter wheat benefit significantly in the North China Plain, rice remains dominant in the southeast and emerges in the northeast, potato and corn yields become viable in the northwest, and potato yields suffer in the southwest with no other crop emerging as a clear beneficiary from among those simulated in this study.

Chavas, Daniel R.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Thomson, Allison M.; Gao, Xuejie

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Private party sales and straw purchases were described in Chapter 1; the main purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- sion of the earlier discussion. Because of their anonymity, private party sales allow guns at gun shows are unlicensed vendors.1 Gun shows are studded with "Private Sale" signs that convey to all attendees were armed, and many of these were unambiguously offering their guns for sale.2 Again, private

Leistikow, Bruce N.

457

Effect of crop residue harvest on long-term crop yield, soil erosion, and carbon balance: tradeoffs for a sustainable bioenergy feedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Agricultural residues are a potential feedstock for bioenergy production, if residue harvest can be done sustainably. The relationship between crop residue harvest, soil erosion, crop yield and carbon balance was modeled with the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator/ Environment Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) using a factorial design. Four crop rotations (winter wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – sunflower [Helianthus annuus]; spring wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – canola [Brassica napus]; corn [Zea mays L.] – soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]; and cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] – peanut [Arachis hypogaea]) were simulated at four US locations each, under different topographies (0-10% slope), and management practices [crop residue removal rates (0-75%), conservation practices (no till, contour cropping, strip cropping, terracing)].

Gregg, Jay S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

alkali treated wheat: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is predicted in alkali metal clusters where it is represented by Ipi2- low-energy excitations of valence electrons with strong M2 transitions to the ground state. We...

459

The wheat ?-gliadin genes: structure and EST analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gu : G. R. Lazo : J. Wu Genomics and Gene Discovery ResearchFunct Integr Genomics (2009) 9:397–410 DOI 10.1007/s10142-physical–chemical Funct Integr Genomics (2009) 9:397–410

Anderson, Olin D.; Gu, Yong Q.; Kong, Xiuying; Lazo, Gerard R.; Wu, Jiajie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

australian hexaploid wheat: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences Websites Summary: AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITIES QUALITY AGENCY Report of an Audit of Swinburne; AUQA Audit Report Number 61 ISBN 978 1 877090 90 5 Australian...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wheat Variety Identification Using MALDI-TOF M Znamirowski1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring (CWRS), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), Canada Prairie Spring (CPS), and Canadian Western resolution in this mass range, and this proved to be essential because of the large number of gliadin

Ens, Werner

462

Photo of the Week: Wheat and Wind | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Montana, generating electricity for portions of the northwest United States. With an installed capacity of 135 MW, the Judith Gap Energy Center is one of the strongest wind farms...

463

* SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNG IHDR€ÍSolar Energy41 (Dollars and Sense(ANL-IN-03-032) - EnergyOil &cloud

464

Wheat Belt Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save EnergyGlouster,Winside,WarrenWellsLoadingREMCdo youPublic

465

Comparative DNA Sequence Analysis of Wheat and Rice Genomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Gill,4 David E. Matthews,5 Gerard R. Lazo,5 Shiaoman Chao,5 Olin D. Anderson,5 Hugh Edwards,6 Anna M,8 Nora L.V. Lapitan,8 Jose L. Gonzalez-Hernandez,9 James A. Anderson,9 Khwaja Hossain,10 Venu. Gill,12 Camille Steber,12 Mary K. Walker-Simmons,13 Patrick E. McGuire,14 and Calvin O. Qualset14 1

Gill, Kulvinder

466

THREE-DIMENSION VISUALIZATION FOR PRIMARY WHEAT DISEASES BASED ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cultivation simulation-optimization-decision making system (Gao Liangzhi et al., 1992). Displaying crop growthZhu Yeping Agricultural Information Institution, CAAS, Beijing, P. R. China 100086 Abstract: Crop simulation management. Displaying crop growth process makes user observe the crop growth and development

Boyer, Edmond

467

The nutritional response of three species of postlarval penaeid shrimp to cottonseed meal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control diet was modified by adding wheat starch/corn oil or casein to lower or increase, respectively, the protein level of the test diet. Resulting diets contained 69. 4, 38. 9, 27. 2, 19. 4, and 11. 7 percent protein. Results from growth experiments... Cellulose Menhaden oil Mineral mix 8. 33 8. 33 44. 97 2. 66 3. 09 5. 12 6. 31 6. 31 43. 34 2. 36 3. 26 5. 93 4. 29 4. 29 41. 70 2. 05 3. 43 6. 74 0. 24 0. 24 38. 44 1. 45 3. 78 8. 36 Feeds Containing 30X Protein Percent Cottonseed...

Fernandez, Renita Reyes

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ports on the Texas Gulf Coast -- Economic Importance and Role for Texas and U.S. Grain Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L I D R h R Y - 6-1 268 + - - eorts on JUN 2 5 5980 - the Texas Gulf Texas A ~ ? . ; w...v~:r iiy Coast - - Economic Importance and Role for Texas and US. Grain Crops [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Ports on the Texas Gulf Coast... s Exports of Grain Sorghum, Wheat, Corn and Soybeans, 1970-78. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. Texas Gulf P o r t Area Elevators wi th Associated Storage Capaci ty ,1977 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3. Texas Gulf P o...

Johnson, Edward Mitch; Fuller, Stephen

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Identification of Solid-Stem Winter Wheat Lines with Enhanced Winter Hardiness Phil Bruckner, Winter Wheat Breeder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, then yield potential. Winter survival is evaluated at Williston in replicated single rows at the preliminary stem selections at Williston, ND followed by preliminary testing at Sidney, North Havre, and Bozeman-stem selections) and Preliminary Sawfly yield trial entries in single rows at Williston, ND to identify those

Maxwell, Bruce D.

470

Biomass gasification for liquid fuel production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In our old fix-bed autothermal gasifier we tested wood chips and wood pellets. We make experiments for Czech company producing agro pellets - pellets made from agricultural waste and fastrenewable natural resources. We tested pellets from wheat and rice straw and hay. These materials can be very perspective, because they do?t compete with food production, they were formed in sufficient quantity and in the place of their treatment. New installation is composed of allothermal biomass fixed bed gasifier with conditioning and using produced syngas for Fischer - Tropsch synthesis. As a gasifying agent will be used steam. Gas purification will have two parts - separation of dust particles using a hot filter and dolomite reactor for decomposition of tars. In next steps, gas will be cooled, compressed and removed of sulphur and chlorine compounds and carbon dioxide. This syngas will be used for liquid fuel synthesis.

Najser, Jan, E-mail: jan.najser@vsb.cz, E-mail: vaclav.peer@vsb.cz; Peer, Václav, E-mail: jan.najser@vsb.cz, E-mail: vaclav.peer@vsb.cz [VSB - Technical university of Ostrava, Energy Research Center, 17. listopadu 15/2172, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba (Czech Republic); Vantuch, Martin [University of Zilina, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Power Engineering, Univerzitna 1, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia)

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

472

Final Report: DOE/ID/14215  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed straw separation system developed in the research project harvests the large internode sections of the straw which has the greater potential as a feedstock for lignocellulosic ethanol production while leaving the chaff and nodes in the field. This strategy ensures sustainable agriculture by preventing the depletion of soil minerals, and it restores organic matter to the soil in amounts and particle sizes that accommodate farmers’ needs to keep tillage and fertilizer costs low. A ton of these nutrient-rich plant tissues contains as much as $10.55 worth of fertilizer (economic and energy benefits), in terms of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and other nutrients provided to the soil when incorporated by tillage instead of being burned. Biomass conversion to fermentable sugars for the purpose of producing fuels, chemicals, and other industrial products is well understood. Most bioenergy strategies rely on low-cost fermentable sugars for sustainability and economic viability in the marketplace. Exploitation of the “whole crop”—specifically, wheat straw or other plant material currently regarded as residue or waste—is a practical approach for obtaining a reliable and low-cost source of sugars. However, industrial-scale production of sugars from wheat straw, while technically feasible, is plagued by obstacles related to capital costs, energy consumption, waste streams, production logistics, and the quality of the biomass feedstock. Currently available separation options with combine harvesters are not able to achieve sufficient separation of the straw/stover and chaff streams to realize the full potential of selective harvest. Since ethanol yield is a function of feedstock structural carbohydrate content, biomass anatomical fractions of higher product yield can have a significant beneficial impact on minimum ethanol selling price. To address this advanced biomass separation computation engineering models were developed to more effectively and efficiently engineer high-fidelity and high throughput separation systems for biomass components. INL and Iowa State University developed a computational modeling strategy for simulating multi-phase flow with an integrated solver using various computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. ISU set up a classic multi-phase test problem to be solved by the various CFD codes. The benchmark case was based on experimental data for bubble gas holdup and bed expansion for a gas/solid fluidized bed. Preliminary fluidization experiments identified some unexpected fluidization behavior, where rather than the bed uniformly fluidizing, a “blow out” would occur where a hole would open up in the bed through which the air would preferentially flow, resulting in erratic fluidization. To improve understanding of this phenomena and aid in building a design tool, improved computational tools were developed. The virtual engineering techniques developed were tested and utilized to design a separation baffle in a CNH combine. A computational engineering approach involving modeling, analysis, and simulation was used in the form of virtual engineering to design a baffle separator capable of accomplishing the high-fidelity residue separation established by the performance targets. Through the use of the virtual engineering model, baffle designs were simulated to (1) determine the effect of the baffle on the airflow of the combine cleaning system, and (2) predict the effectiveness of the baffle in separating the residue streams. A baffle design was selected based on the virtual engineering modeling, built into the INL selective harvest test combine. The result of the baffle changes improved the crop separation capability of the combine, enabling downstream improvement in composition and theoretical ethanol yield. In addition, the positive results from the application of the virtual engineering tools to the CNH combine design resulted in further application of these tools to other INL areas of research. INL and the University of Idaho identified, characterized, and modified a key plant biosynt

Kenneth Bryden; J. Richard Hess; Thomas Ulrich; Robert Zemetra

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

473

Influence de l'addition de phosphore sur la digestion d'une paille traite l'ammoniac par les microorganismes du rumen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

infusing the fermenters containing 15 g ammoniated straw per bag improved significantly fiber digestion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

1 4 N J I T M A G A Z I N E | s p r I N G 2 0 0 9 Weston honor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable building practices to reconstruction in the foothills of the Himalayas. Straw-bale buildings

Bieber, Michael

475

RESEARCH Open Access Overexpression of an exotic thermotolerant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assay using untreated, NaOH, or Organosolv pretreated barley straw as well as microcrystalline cellulose

Qin, Wensheng

476

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of Technology Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An update to the FY 2005 assessment of the state of technical research progress toward biochemical process goals. This assessment contains research results from 2006 and 2007.

Aden, A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Advancing Biorefining of Distiller’s Grain and Corn Stover Blends  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet summarizes a U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program research and development project.

478

A comparison of silage and grain yields of four corn hybrids at three locations in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A (X)HPARISOM Of SILAGM AND GRAIN YI~ QF FODR ~ HYBRIDS AT THRE1'' LOGATIONS IM TzXAS A Thesis RAPAol, A. I JKThI, INO Approve as to stgrle aml content Qs (~chairmen of GcnsmLtt ( Haad Department June, 1&54 , ;. RY OF TE A v... TABLES Page 20 31 Analysis of variance of silage yields at Temple Analysis of variance of grain yields at Temple . Analysis of varianoe of lodging percentage at Temple. . . ~ 12 o ~ 12 ~ i 13 4, 5 ~ 6, 70 Silage yield, grain yield...

Martelino, Rafael Agcaoili

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Characterization and Combustion Performance of Corn Oil-Based Biofuel Blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, the development and use of biofuels have received considerable attention due to the high demand for environmentally acceptable (green) fuels. Most of the recent studies have looked at the processes of converting vegetable oils...

Savant, Gautam Sandesh

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

480

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid pretreated corn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vision Summary: then be fermented. 2. Pretreatment Steam and acid separate the shredded biomass into three components: cellulose... Platforms Thermochemical (pyrolysis;...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat straw corn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Studies in feed spoilage: prevention of spoilage in ground corn by gamma radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gam- 6 ma radiation. If gamma rays can be used to preserve foods, it seems pos- sible that they may be used also to prevent losses in grains, feed ingred- ients, and mixed feeds. It is anticipated that the dose high enough to destroy insects... not been studied extensively. Investigations on the use of gamma radiation for the preservation of various feed ingredients need to be carried out to determine: (I) the effect of gamma radiation on the growth of molds im feeds irradiated at different...

Webb, Billy Dean

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE AND RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT Evaluating Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 103(1): 147Ð157 (2010); DOI: 10.1603/EC09156 ABSTRACT Resistance management is essential susceptible (refuge) plants in either a separate section of the �eld adjacent to resistant (transgenic) plants

Ginzel, Matthew

483

The effect of processing parameters on oil content of corn tortilla chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that occurred in over-fried, under-fried, and optimally fried tortilla chips. This research was a pioneering effort in the field, involving the combination of scanning electron microscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy. The majority of oil...

Dudley, Peta Rock

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Effect of Additives on the Digestibility of Corn Stover Solids Following Pretreatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cellulosic biomass offers high yields, the quantity of enzymes needed for conversion with high yields is high., 2005a) can breakdown cellulose and hemicellulose in cellulosic biomass to sugar oligomers and monomers

California at Riverside, University of

485

Climate Change Would Increase the Water Intensity of Irrigated Corn Rosa Dominguez-Faus,*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production in the U.S. is rapidly increasing after the adoption of the Energy Independence and Security Act. The interdependence between energy production and water resources has been emphasized in recent studies.4-12 When Engineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Changes

Alvarez, Pedro J.

486

Using hyperspectral vegetation indices to estimate the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by corn canopies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). 1. Introduction The fraction of incoming solar radiation (400-700 nm spectral range) absorbed the exchange of energy, mass, and momentum between the land surface and the atmosphere, and thus a key state several advantages ­ they are non-destructive, uniform, can be performed rapidly, and no complicated

Myneni, Ranga B.

487

Effects of barley flour and beta-glucans in corn tortillas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements. Pliability had higher R2 and lower coefficients of variation compared to rollability. Sensory evaluation was conducted using reheated 14-day-old tortillas of control, 825 MAU with 0.25% CMC, 0.12% ? -glucans, 0.18% ? -glucan with 0.375% CMC..., and 0.24% ? -glucan with 0.25% CMC. All tortillas had similar appearance, flexibility, gumminess, flavor and overall quality. Softness and chewiness of treatments with 0.12% ? -glucan or 0.24% ? -glucan with 0.25% CMC were similar to control. Other...

Silva, Laura

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

Plant-to-Plant Uniformity is Essential for Optimum Yield in No-Till Continuous Corn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of compromises and consequences. Possible compromises include increased soil erosion, reduced air and water-drained soils in a crop rotation are comparable to yields produced using conventional tillage -- provided and development and provides remedies for alleviating them. OPTIMIZING CONSERVATION TILLAGE SYSTEMS Figure 1

Holland, Jeffrey

489

Proximate and Ultimate Compositional Changes in Corn Stover during Torrefaction using Thermogravimetric Analyzer and Microwaves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract The world is currently aiming to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to achieve a sustainable renewable supply. Renewable energies represent a diversity of energy sources that can help to maintain the equilibrium of different ecosystems. Among the various sources of renewable energy, biomass is considered carbon neutral because the carbon dioxide released during its use is already part of the carbon cycle. Increasing the use of biomass for energy can help to reduce the negative CO2 impact on the environment and help meet the targets established in the Kyoto Protocol. Energy from biomass can be produced from different processes, including thermochemical (direct combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis), biological (anaerobic digestion, fermentation), or chemical (esterification) technologies. There are lot challenges in using biomass for energy applications. To name few low bulk density, high moisture content, irregular size and shape, hydrophilic nature and low calorific value. In commercial scale operation large quantities of biomass are needed and this will create problems associated with storage and transportation. Furthermore, grinding raw biomass with high moisture content is very challenging as there are no specific equipments and can increase the costs and in some cases it becomes highly impossible. All of these drawbacks led to development of some pretreatment techniques to make biomass more suitable for fuel applications. One of the promising techniques is torrefaction. Torrefaction is heating the biomass in an inert environment or reduced environment. During torrefaction biomass losses moisture, becomes more brittle and with increased energy density values. There are different techniques used for torrefaction of biomass. Fixed bed, bubbling sand bed and moving bed are the most common ones used. The use of microwaves for torrefaction purposes has not been explored. In the present study we looked into the torrefaction of biomass using the regular and microwaves and their effect on proximate and ultimate composition. Studies indicated that microwave torrefaction is a good way to torrefy the biomass in short periods of time. A maximum calorific value of 21 MJ/kg is achievable at 6 min residence time compared to 15 min using the dry torrefaction technique. Increasing the residence time increased the carbon content where a maximum carbon content of 52.20 % was achievable at lower residence time. The loss of volatiles is comparatively lower compared to dry torrefaction technique. Moisture content of microwave torrefied samples was in between 2-2.5 % (w.b).

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

HALPERN AND CORN VOL. 7 ' NO. 2 ' 17551762 ' 2013 www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer reaction in optoelectronic devices as molecular switches further fuels the research in this area

491

The evaluation of beginning farmer program financing on Texas corn, cotton, and sorghum operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

farmer operating loan financing versus conventional lending on Brazos and Jackson County farm operations. Measures used to evaluate the financial performance of the various scenarios include: expected ending equity position, variability of ending equity...

Moritz, Wendy Lee

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: Environmental Benefits of Bioenergy Corn Can Save the Earth  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This infographic was created by students from Smithtown HS East in St. James, NY, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

493

Creating Reliable Data and Reporting to Support Strategic Energy Management at Corning Incorporated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

o v - 1 2 D e c - 1 2 J a n - 1 3 F e b - 1 3 M a r - 1 3 A p r - 1 3 M a y - 1 3 J u n - 1 3 J u l - 1 3 A u g - 1 3 S e p - 1 3 O c t - 1 3 N o v - 1 3 D e c - 1 3 G W h e Total Energy - Usage - Site X - Totals Usage (monthly) Usage (3 month av.) 0... av.) 0,000 0,025 0,050 0,075 0,100 0,125 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 k W h e / U o S P Usage (yearly) May 12, 2014 0,000 0,025 0,050 0,075 0,100 0,125 J a n - 1 2 F e b - 1 2 M a r - 1 2 A p r - 1 2 M a y - 1 2 J u n - 1 2 J u l - 1 2 A u g - 1...

Garforth, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Final Technical Report: Improvement of Zymomonas mobilis for Commercial Use in Corn-based Biorefineries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between 2007 and 2010 DuPont conducted a program under DOE award DE-FC36-07GO17056 to develop and improve Zymomonas mobilis as an ethanologen for commercial use in biorefineries to produce cellulosic ethanol. This program followed upon an earlier DOE funded program in which DuPont, in collaboration with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) had developed a Zymomonas strain in conjunction with the development of an integrated cellulosic ethanol process. In the current project, we sought to maximize the utility of Zymomonas by adding the pathway to allow fermentation of the minor sugar arabinose, improve the utilization of xylose, improve tolerance to process hydrolysate and reduce the cost of producing the ethanologen. We undertook four major work streams to address these tasks, employing a range of approaches including genetic engineering, adaptation, metabolite and pathway analysis and fermentation process development. Through this project, we have developed a series of strains with improved characteristics versus the starting strain, and demonstrated robust scalability to at least the 200L scale. By a combination of improved ethanol fermentation yield and titer as well as reduced seed train costs, we have been able to reduce the capital investment and minimum ethanol selling price (MESP) by approximately 8.5% and 11% respectively vs. our starting point. Furthermore, the new strains we have developed, coupled with the learnings of this program, provide a platform for further strain improvements and advancement of cellulosic ethanol technology.

Hitz, William D.

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

Grass control with DPX-79406 and cultivation in corn (Zea mays L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOT+C 52. 5 NT POT 26. 25 PD+C 26. 25 NT 92 a 88 a 99 a 93 a 90 a 53 a-e 48 c-e 86 a-c 80 a-d 50 b-e 90 a 28 e POT 52, 5 PD+C 52. 5 NT 96 a 96 a 95 a 81 a-d 86 a-c 44 d-e NT 78 a 35 e NT NT POT 52. 5 PD+C 52. 5 99 a 97 a... PD+C 26. 25 26. 25 79 a-c 95 a 91 ab 84 ab 91 ab 94 a 53 91 ab 93 a POT BOT+C BOT+C BOT+C BOT+C 52. 5 NT 52. 5 26. 25 PD+C 52. 5 NT POT 26. 25 POT 26. 25 26. 25 52. 5 69 b-d 66 b-e 78 a-c 76 a-d 93 ab 93 ab 86 ab 89 ab 61...

Locke, James Mitchell

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Techno-economic analysis of corn stover fungal fermentation to ethanol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This techno-economic analysis assesses the process economics of ethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstock by fungi to identify promising opportunities, and the research needed to achieve them. Based on literature derived data, four different ethanologen strains are considered in this study: native and recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the natural pentose-fermenting yeast, Pichia stipitis and the filamentous fungus Fusarium oxysporum. In addition, filamentous fungi are applied in multi-organism and consolidated process configurations. Organism performance and technology readiness are categorized as near-term (<5 years), mid-term (5-10 years), and long-term (>10 years) process deployment. The results of the analysis suggest that the opportunity for fungal fermentation exists for lignocellulosic ethanol production.

Meyer, Pimphan A.; Tews, Iva J.; Magnuson, Jon K.; Karagiosis, Sue A.; Jones, Susanne B.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State of Technology Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An update to the FY 2007 assessment of the state of technical research progress toward biochemical process goals, quantified in terms of Minimum Ethanol Selling Price.

Humbird, D.; Aden, A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

STA'n:MENT OF CONSIDERAT IONS REQUEST BY CORNING J 'CORP ORA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

not license, assig n, or othe rwise transfer an y wai ved in ve ntion to any entity unl ess th at entity agrees to these same requirements. Gran ting this waiver is not...

499

Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals: Pilot-Scale Operation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet summarizes a U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program research and development project.

500

Use and productivity of resources in the corn producing area of Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

". s . -. ;cot iono. ) ebov e;-? nter is . il(', . the;"inima. ?? nb solute temperebure registereg res -9. 4& C on. Ju, , e 26, 19&g. The neo ~ um . -. inim? a te:;:per;-tar e of a uly the co 1Ge st . . on th in the ye r, is -3. 4-' C. The 1-te frosts -re ?ot... 2603 9. 8 0, 5 0 15-5 29. 2 28. 5 7 ~ 3 1. 0 0. 6 0, 8 15, 0 16. 2 cent 2'!. . 8 19 ' 2 5. 1 2 ' 1 1 6 1. 3 ~:1. . 1 3. 9 6. 7 6. 8 1. 8 Q. l 0, 2 41. 8 38. 3 , ', ; ", r r c. c e . . ! ld:! ' s t e 2. 6 O. a ?& ~ $ &f p...

Andruchowicz, Eugenio Waldemar

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z