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1

The New Era of Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“Prices have changed so much for what we sell and buy that it is almost impossible to feel confident in the decisions you make.”-- Agriculture Online, July 5, 2008 Prices of corn, soybeans, and wheat started moving higher in the fall of 2006 and have remained generally high and well above average prices in the previous 30 years. These higher prices, and the volatility associated with the higher prices, have resulted in the kind of uncertainty reflected in the quote above. Are higher prices here to stay? If so, what is the expected level and variability of prices during the new era? From a producer’s standpoint, the question really is, “What is a good price for corn, soybeans and wheat? ” These questions

Darrel Good; Scott Irwin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Volunteer corn in soybeans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volunteer corn is a highly visible weed in Nebraska soybean fields. Most soybean fields in the state are affected to some degree. The problem generally is worse in fields that receive tillage during the spring. We are concerned that soybean producers are not adequately considering the negative consequences of uncontrolled volunteer corn growth in soybean. Impact of volunteer corn on soybean yield Volunteer corn is an extremely competitive weed in soybean. It grows taller than soybean early in the season, and in addition to shading surrounding soybean plants, it competes for nutrient and water resources. The yield effect of volunteer corn depends on its density. South Dakota State University conducted studies in 2007 and 2008 where they established volunteer corn densities of 0 up to 17,800 plants/A in soybean (Alms et al. 2008). The corn was allowed to compete for the entire growing season and soybean yields were measured. A density of 5,000 volunteers/A reduced soybean yield approximately 20%, or a 12 bu/A yield loss in 60 bu/A soybean. With a density of 5,000 plants/A, there would be a volunteer corn

Mark Bernards; Lowell S; Bob Wright

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

2009 Final Corn and Soybean Yield Forecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this brief is to update our previous evaluation of yield potential for corn and soybeans in Illinois, Indiana, and

Scott Irwin; Darrel Good; Mike Tannura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Considerations for Planting Corn into Damaged Fields of Wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many folks are still assessing the condition of wheat fields damaged by the low temperatures of the past week. In some situations, additional damage to wheat has occurred from standing water in fields due to frequent rains this winter and spring. Some growers may decide replanting damaged wheat fields to corn is a viable economic option. Some of the key considerations for doing so are described in this article. Killing the Remaining Stand of Wheat For damaged wheat fields that will be planted to corn, complete and timely control of the existing wheat is more important than if planting to soybean. Corn is more sensitive to early-season weed competition than soybean. Living wheat plants are essentially weeds and can absorb nitrogen and make it unavailable for the corn plants during the same growing season. Use of a glyphosate-based burndown program should include the use of glyphosate at 1.5 lb ae/A + 2.4-D at 1-2 pts/A. The herbicide 2,4-D is needed to control glyphosateresistant marestail which is very prevalent in southern Indiana and help with control of emerged common lambsquarter and ragweed. Apply in a spray volume of 10 to 15 GPA

Bill Johnson; Tony Vyn; Jim Camberato; Christian Krupke; Rl (bob Nielsen; Depts Of Botany; Plant Pathology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Field evaluation of the availability for corn and soybean of phosphorus recovered as struvite from corn fiber processing for bioenergy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??FIELD EVALUATION OF THE AVAILABILITY FOR CORN AND SOYBEAN OF PHOSPHORUS RECOVERED AS STRUVITE FROM CORN FIBER PROCESSING FOR BIOENERGY A paper to be submitted… (more)

Thompson, Louis Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Soil Acidity and Manganese Nutrition of Corn and Soybeans as Affected by Lime and Nitrogen Applications in an Oxisol under a No-Till System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0–0.10 m depth and leaf Mn content of corn and soybean. **:p Corn Grain Mn , mg kg -1 Soybean ? = 148.86 –m and grain Mn content of corn and soybean. **: p < 0.01.

Caires, Eduardo Fávero; Garbuio, Fernando José; Joris, Hélio Antonio Wood; Pereira, Paulo Roberto da Silva Filho

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Evaluation of corn and soybean response to phosphorus and potassium fertilization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Corn (Zea mays) response to fertilization and placement methods has been studied extensively; however studies on soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] response to placement have… (more)

Arns, Ingrid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Flowability parameters for chopped switchgrass, wheat straw and corn stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct shear cell to measure the shear strength and flow properties of chopped switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover was designed, fabricated, and tested. Yield loci (r2=0.99) determined at pre-consolidation pressures of 3.80 kPa and 5.02 kPa indicated that chopped biomass followed Mohr-Coulomb failure. Normal stress significantly affected the displacement required for shear failure, as well as the friction coefficient values for all three chopped biomass types. Displacement at shear failure ranged from 30 to 80 mm, and depended on pre-consolidation pressure, normal stress, and particle size. Friction coefficient was inversely related to normal stress, and was highest for chopped corn stover. Also, chopped corn stover exhibited the highest angle of internal friction, unconfined yield strength, major consolidation strength, and cohesive strength, all of which indicated increased challenges in handling chopped corn stover. The measured angle of internal friction and cohesive strength indicated that chopped biomass cannot be handled by gravity alone. The measured angle of internal friction and cohesive strength were 43 and 0.75 kPa for chopped switchgrass; 44 and 0.49 kPa for chopped wheat straw; and 48 and 0.82 kPa for chopped corn stover. Unconfined yield strength and major consolidation strength used for characterization of bulk flow materials and design of hopper dimensions were 3.4 and 10.4 kPa for chopped switchgrass; 2.3 and 9.6 kPa for chopped wheat straw and 4.2 and 11.8 kPa for chopped corn stover. These results are useful for development of efficient handling, storage, and transportation systems for biomass in biorefineries.

Chevanan, Nehru [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Bitra, V.S.P. [University of Tennessee; Yoder, D.C. [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Biomechanics of Wheat/Barley Straw and Corn Stover  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The lack of understanding of the mechanical characteristics of cellulosic feedstocks is a limiting factor in economically collecting and processing crop residues, primarily wheat and barley stems and corn stover. Several testing methods, including compression, tension, and bend have been investigated to increase our understanding of the biomechanical behavior of cellulosic feedstocks. Biomechanical data from these tests can provide required input to numerical models and help advance harvesting, handling, and processing techniques. In addition, integrating the models with the complete data set from this study can identify potential tools for manipulating the biomechanical properties of plant varieties in such a manner as to optimize their physical characteristics to produce higher value biomass and more energy efficient harvesting practices.

Christopher T. Wright; Peter A. Pryfogle; Nathan A. Stevens; Eric D. Steffler; J. Richard Hess; Thomas H. Ulrich

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Ethanol production using corn, switchgrass, and wood; Biodiesel production using soybean and sunflower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy outputs from ethanol produced using corn, switchgrass, and wood biomass were each less than the respective fossil energy inputs. The same was true for producing biodiesel using soybeans and sunflower, however, the energy cost for producing soybean biodiesel was only slightly negative compared with ethanol production. Findings in terms of energy outputs compared with the energy inputs were: • Ethanol production using corn grain required 29% more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. • Ethanol production using switchgrass required 50 % more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. • Ethanol production using wood biomass required 57 % more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. • Biodiesel production using soybean required 27 % more fossil energy than the biodiesel fuel produced (Note, the energy yield from soy oil per hectare is far lower than the ethanol yield from corn). • Biodiesel production using sunflower required 118 % more fossil energy than the biodiesel fuel produced.

David Pimentel; Tad W. Patzek

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Retrieval of Soil Moisture and Vegetation Water Content Using SSM/I Data over a Corn and Soybean Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential for soil moisture and vegetation water content retrieval using Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) brightness temperature over a corn and soybean field region was analyzed and assessed using datasets from the Soil Moisture ...

Jun Wen; Thomas J. Jackson; Rajat Bindlish; Ann Y. Hsu; Z. Bob Su

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

An Econometric Analysis of the Relationship among the U.S. Ethanol, Corn and Soybean Sectors, and World Oil Prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aimed to investigate the relationships among the following variables: U.S. corn prices, U.S. ethanol production, U.S. soybean prices and world oil prices. After… (more)

Savernini, Maira Q. M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Bulk density and compaction behavior of knife mill chopped switchgrass,wheat straw, and corn stover  

SciTech Connect

Bulk density of comminuted biomass significantly increased by vibration during handling and transportation, and by normal pressure during storage. Compaction characteristics affecting the bulk density of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover chopped in a knife mill at different operating conditions and using four different classifying screens were studied. Mean loose-filled bulk densities were 67.5 18.4 kg/m3 for switchgrass, 36.1 8.6 kg/m3 for wheat straw, and 52.1 10.8 kg/m3 for corn stover. Mean tapped bulk densities were 81.8 26.2 kg/m3 for switchgrass, 42.8 11.7 kg/m3 for wheat straw, and 58.9 13.4 kg/m3 for corn stover. Percentage changes in compressibility due to variation in particle size obtained from a knife mill ranged from 64.3 to 173.6 for chopped switchgrass, 22.2 51.5 for chopped wheat straw and 42.1 117.7 for chopped corn stover within the tested consolidation pressure range of 5 120 kPa. Pressure and volume relationship of chopped biomass during compression with application of normal pressure can be characterized by the Walker model and Kawakita and Ludde model. Parameter of Walker model was correlated to the compressibility with Pearson correlation coefficient greater than 0.9. Relationship between volume reduction in chopped biomass with respect to number of tappings studied using Sone s model indicated that infinite compressibility was highest for chopped switchgrass followed by chopped wheat straw and corn stover. Degree of difficulty in packing measured using the parameters of Sone s model indicated that the chopped wheat straw particles compacted very rapidly by tapping compared to chopped switchgrass and corn stover. These results are very useful for solving obstacles in handling bulk biomass supply logistics issues for a biorefinery.

Chevanan, Nehru [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Bitra, V.S.P. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Yang, Y.T. [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Wheat  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wheat Wheat Nature Bulletin No. 746 march 7, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor WHEAT "Give us this day our daily bread. " That simple plea is included in the Lord' s Prayer because bread, made from wheat, was the "staff of life" in Palestine -- as it is for us today. Wheat bread is a source of energy that contains the food elements essential for the growth, health and upkeep of a human body. It is a staple food that is not only inexpensive but, uniquely, one which we never become tired of. The three most important grains used by mankind for food are wheat, rice, and Indian corn or maize. Next in importance are barley, rye, oats, and millet. The white races of people prize wheat far above any of the others. All seven -- known as cereal grains -- are the seeds of grasses descended from wild plants.

15

Corn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corn Corn Nature Bulletin No. 118 May 31, 1947 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation CORN Corn, or maize, has never been found growing wild. Columbus found it being grown by the Carib Indians and called it " Mahiz". The Aztecs told Cortez it was a gift from their gods, but the Mayas and the Incas already had been growing corn for thousands of years. Teosinte, a coarse native Mexican grass, appears to be its closest relative and its origin was probably in Central or South America. Our first colonists planted seed obtained from the Indians and, "corn" being the English word for all grain, called this strange new plant "Indian corn". Without man' s help, corn soon would disappear. Each year the seed must be carefully selected, carefully planted, and the soil kept cultivated to remove competition from other plants. Modern scientific breeding has produced varieties remarkable for their rapid growth, uniform size and heavy yield.

16

Effect of fertilization on yield of soybean in rotation and continuous cropping in Northeast China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i) an annual rotation of corn- soybean, (ii) continuousfor 5 years, both followed by corn. The plots to which the2006-2008). 2 years soybean-corn 5 years soybean-corn N

Li, Xiaohui; Han, Xiaozeng; Yan, Jun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

KNIFE MILL COMMINUTION ENERGY ANALYSIS OF SWITCHGRASS, WHEAT STRAW, AND CORN STOVER AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass preprocessing and pretreatment technologies such as size reduction and chemical preconditioning are aimed at reducing the cost of ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Size reduction is an energy-intensive biomass preprocessing unit operation. In this study, switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover were chopped in an instrumented knife mill to evaluate size reduction energy and corresponding particle size distribution as determined with a standard forage sieve analyzer. Direct mechanical power inputs were determined using a dedicated data acquisition system for knife mill screen openings from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, rotor speeds between 250 and 500 rpm, and mass feed rates from 1 to 11 kg/min. A speed of 250 rpm gave optimum performance of the mill. Optimum feed rates for 25.4 mm screen and 250 rpm were 7.6, 5.8, and 4.5 kg/min for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. Total specific energy (MJ/Mg) was defined as the size reduction energy required to operate the knife mill plus that imparted to the biomass. Effective specific energy was defined as the energy imparted to the biomass. For these conditions, total specific energies were 27.3, 37.9, and 31.9 MJ/Mg and effective specific energies were 10.1, 15.5, and 3.2 MJ/Mg for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. These results demonstrated that biomass selection affects the size reduction energy, even for biomass with similar features. Second-order polynomial equations for the total specific energy requirement fitted well (R2 > 0.95) as a function of knife mill screen size, mass feed rate, and speed for biomass materials tested. The Rosin-Rammler equation fitted the cumulative undersize mass of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover chop passed through ASABE sieves with high R2 (>0.983). Knife mill chopping of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover resulted in particle size distributions classified as 'well-graded strongly fine-skewed mesokurtic', 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', and 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', respectively, for small knife mill screen sizes (12.7 to 25.4 mm) and distributions classified as 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', 'well-graded strongly fine-skewed mesokurtic', and 'well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic', respectively, for the large screen size (50.8 mm). Total and effective specific energy values per unit size reduction of wheat straw were greater compared to those for switchgrass. Corn stover resulted in reduced total and effective specific energy per unit size reduction compared to wheat straw for the same operating conditions, but higher total specific energy per unit size reduction and lesser effective specific energy per unit size reduction compared to switchgrass. Data on minimized total specific energy with corresponding particle spectra will be useful for preparing feed material with a knife mill for subsequent grinding with finer size reduction devices.

Bitra, V.S.P. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Igathinathane, C. [North Dakota State University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

On-farm Assessment of Nitrogen Fertilizer application to corn on Nitrous Oxide Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in soils cropped to corn with varying N fertilization. Can.as affected by tillage, corn-soybean-alfalfa rotations, andsoil nitrogen mineralization for corn production in eastern

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Direct mechanical energy measures of hammer mill comminution of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover and analysis of their particle size distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass particle size impacts handling, storage, conversion, and dust control systems. Size reduction mechanical energy was directly measured for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.), and corn stover (Zea mays L.) in an instrumented hammer mill. Direct energy inputs were determined for hammer mill operating speeds from 2000 to 3600 rpm for 3.2 mm integral classifying screen and mass input rate of 2.5 kg/min with 90 - and 30 -hammers. Overall accuracy of specific energy measurement was calculated as 0.072 MJ/Mg. Particle size distributions created by hammer mill were determined for mill operating factors using ISO sieve sizes from 4.75 to 0.02 mm in conjunction with Ro-Tap sieve analyzer. A wide range of analytical descriptors were examined to mathematically represent the range of particle sizes in the distributions. Total specific energy (MJ/Mg) was defined as size reduction energy to operate the hammer mill plus that imparted to biomass. Effective specific energy was defined as energy imparted to biomass. Total specific energy for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover grinding increased by 37, 30, and 45% from 114.4, 125.1, and 103.7 MJ/Mg, respectively, with an increase in hammer mill speed from 2000 to 3600 rpm for 90 -hammers. Corresponding total specific energy per unit size reduction was 14.9, 19.7, and 13.5 MJ/Mg mm, respectively. Effective specific energy of 90 -hammers decreased marginally for switchgrass and considerably for wheat straw and it increased for corn stover with an increase in speed from 2000 to 3600 rpm. However, effective specific energy increased with speed to a certain extent and then decreased for 30 -hammers. Rosin Rammler equation fitted the size distribution data with R2 > 0.995. Mass relative span was greater than 1, which indicated a wide distribution of particle sizes. Hammer milling of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover with 3.2 mm screen resulted in well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic particles. Uniformity coefficient was corn stover, which indicated a moderate assortment of particles. Size-related parameters, namely, geometric mean diameter, Rosin Rammler size parameter, median diameter, and effective size had strong correlation among themselves and good negative correlation with speed. Distribution-related parameters, namely, Rosin Rammler distribution parameter, mass relative span, inclusive graphic skewness, graphic kurtosis, uniformity index, uniformity coefficient, coefficient of gradation and distribution geometric standard deviation had strong correlation among themselves and a weak correlation with mill speed. Results of this extensive analysis of specific energy and particle sizes can be applied to selection of hammer mill operating factors to produce a particular size of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover grind, and will serve as a guide for relations among the energy and various analytic descriptors of biomass particle distributions.

Bitra, V.S.P [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Chevanan, Nehru [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I. [University of Tennessee; Smith, D.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Quantifying Cradle-to-Farm Gate Life-Cycle Impacts Associated with Fertilizer used for Corn, Soybean, and Stover Production  

SciTech Connect

Fertilizer use can cause environmental problems, particular eutrophication of water bodies from excess nitrogen or phosphorus. Increased fertilizer runoff is a concern for harvesting corn stover for ethanol production. This modeling study found that eutrophication potential for the base case already exceeds proposed water quality standards, that switching to no-till cultivation and collecting stover increased that eutrophication potential by 21%, and that switching to continuous-corn production on top of that would triple eutrophication potential.

Powers, S. E.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Distribution of two rotation-resistant corn pests in eastern Iowa and effects of soybean varieties on biology of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (WCR) and the northern corn rootworm Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence (NCR) are two significant insect pests… (more)

Dunbar, Michael Wilson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

ARE Update Volume 12, Number 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alfalfa corn soybeans wheat sorghum irrigated 2004 and $5corn, alfalfa, soy- beans, sorghum, and wheat) or decide notsoybeans, wheat, and sorghum. While sorghum and wheat are

Pfeiffer, Lisa; Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Sunding, David L.; Ajami, Newsha; Carman, Hoy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

,"Canola Oil",,"Corn Oil",,"Cottonseed Oil",,"Palm Oil",,"Soybean Oil",,"Other",,"Poultry",,"Tallow"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production" U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production" "(million pounds)" "Period","Feedstock Inputs" ,"Vegetable Oils",,,,,,,,,,,,"Animal Fats" ,"Canola Oil",,"Corn Oil",,"Cottonseed Oil",,"Palm Oil",,"Soybean Oil",,"Other",,"Poultry",,"Tallow" 2011 "January",8,,17,,0,,"W",,150,,"W",,14,,11 "February",26,,13,,0,,"W",,150,,"W",,14,,11 "March",68,,14,,0,,"W",,190,,"W",,19,,27 "April",88,,20,,0,,"W",,236,,"W",,15,,47 "May",113,,21,,0,,"W",,264,,"W",,16,,36 "June",75,,34,,0,,"W",,311,,"W",,23,,49

24

Forming Expectations About 2008 U.S. Corn and Soybean Yields—Application of Crop Weather Models that Incorporate Planting Progress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the current environment of strong domestic and export demand, relatively low world stocks, and historically high prices, the expected size of the 2008 U.S. corn and

Scott Irwin; Darrel Good; Mike Tannura

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

REQUEST FOR SUPPORT FOR REGISTRATION OF S01-285-7*R Crop Kind: Wheat Type: Canada Western Hard Red Winter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of grain. Primarily, the grinding of wheat for whole-wheat flour and corn for cornmeal or grits. Soft winter wheat will be sufficient to make whole wheat flour. In addition, buckwheat in small to purchase yellow corn that has been cleaned through a separator. Cleaned wheat can also be obtained locally

Peak, Derek

26

Understanding the Effect of Rye Chromatin in Bread Wheat A. M. Kumlay, P. S. Baenziger,* K. S. Gill, D. R. Shelton, R. A. Graybosch,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of grain. Primarily, the grinding of wheat for whole-wheat flour and corn for cornmeal or grits. Soft winter wheat will be sufficient to make whole wheat flour. In addition, buckwheat in small to purchase yellow corn that has been cleaned through a separator. Cleaned wheat can also be obtained locally

Gill, Kulvinder

27

Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while retaining protein value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybean hulls were evaluated as a resource for production of ethanol by the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process, and no pretreatment of the hulls was found to be needed to realize high ethanol yields with S. cerevisiae D5A. The impact of cellulase, -glucosidase and pectinase dosages were determined at a 15% biomass loading, and ethanol concentrations of 25-30 g/L were routinely obtained, while under these conditions corn stover, wheat straw, and switchgrass produced 3-4 times lower ethanol yields. Removal of carbohydrates also concentrated the hull protein to over 25% w/w from the original roughly 10%. Analysis of the soybean hulls before and after fermentation showed similar amino acid profiles including an increase in the essential amino acids lysine and threonine in the residues. Thus, eliminating pretreatment should assure that the protein in the hulls is preserved, and conversion of the carbohydrates to ethanol with high yields produces a more concentrated and valuable co-product in addition to ethanol. The resulting upgraded feed product from soybean hulls would likely to be acceptable to monogastric as well as bovine livestock.

Mielenz, Jonathan R [ORNL; Wyman, Professor Charles E [University of California, Riverside; John, Bardsley [Dartmouth College

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Winter Weed Pressure in Winter Wheat Edward Davis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26 Wheat ** ** * Barley *** * * Oats *** ** Canola * * * Lentil * * ** Millet ** ** Corn Beyond PrePare Maverick (Field Bioassay) #12;LENTIL OAT PEA CAMELINA CANOLA BARLEY PowerFlex ROTATIONAL

Maxwell, Bruce D.

29

Registration of `Masami' Wheat `Masami' soft white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (Reg.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ancestral resource (wheat flour), a sec- ond composed of adjacent patches of the ancestral and a novel-strain phe- notypic variation for fitness-related traits on corn and wheat flour (table 1) indicates of this species on wheat flour ( 5% yeast) under laboratory conditions for 20 years (250 generations). For my ex

Murray, Timothy D.

30

ARE Update Volume 12, Number 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policies continue to hold corn, soybean, and rice prices atmajor food com- modities (corn, rice, soybeans, and wheat)as they rose, although corn, rice, and soybean prices remain

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Corn Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... From this analysis, Product Line Leaders target customers and markets and ... has hired experts from the feed, sugar, fermentation, biofuels, and corn ...

32

Owens Corning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Williams, and Mark Lessans of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Technologies Office. Owens Corning requested this meeting to cover a broad set of issues, including: 1....

33

Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a new Sucrose Transporter in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Current bioethanol production is predominantly based on starch from cereal crops such as corn and wheat which leads to increased competition for such crops between… (more)

Deol, Kirandeep

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Corn Syndrome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reports of "floppy " corn were numerous earlier this month. Many causes have been proposed for this problem. Herein lies one more look at this curious phenomenon. Click on image to open a larger version. he curious phenomenon referred to as "floppy corn syndrome" reared (or lowered, as it were) its ugly head in some fields in Indiana and Ohio back in early June. The term "floppy corn " simply describes a young (V5 to V8) plant that has fallen over because of the absence of an established nodal root system at the crown of the plant. Affected plants may survive if the mesocotyl remains intact long enough for subsequent nodes of roots to establish themselves in moist soil. If the mesocotyl breaks before subsequent establishment of additional nodal roots, the plant dies. The causes of the poor nodal root development have been debated for years and, indeed, likely vary from situation to situation. Click on image to open a larger version. My own experience with investigating floppy corn events over the years has primarily been associated with the detrimental effects of excessively dry surface soil at the time of initial nodal root elongation in young (V2 to V4) corn plants (Nielsen, 2001). Young roots that emerge from the crown area of the plant will die if their root tips dessicate prior to successful root establishment in moist soil. The crown of a young corn plant is typically located only 3/4 inch or so below the soil surface and so is particularly vulnerable to dry upper soil conditions. Other causes have been implicated in the development of floppy corn, including excessive

Over-extended Mesocotyls; R. L. (bob Nielsen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

DEVELOPMENT OF A METODOLOGY BY NMR AND CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS FOR SOYBEAN QUALITY CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" such as in "whole wheat flour." This indicates that the product is made primarily from whole grains. Just because · Organic unbleached flour · Enriched flour · Semolina, duram wheat, or wheat flour · Degerminated corn meal. Whole grains can be milled into flour or eaten whole, cracked, split or ground, as long as the whole

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

36

Owens Corning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OWENS CORNING OWENS CORNING GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS 900 19 TH STREET N.W. SUITE 250 WASHINGTON, DC 20006 202.639.6900 FAX: 202.639.0247 OWENS CORNING September 20, 2013 By email: expartecommunications@hq.doe.gov Daniel Cohen Assistant General Counsel for Legislation and Regulatory Law Office of General Counsel Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington DC 20585-0121 RE: Ex Parte Memo Dear Mr. Cohen: On Thursday, August 29, 2013, Julian Francis, VP & Managing Director Residential Insulation, Frank O'Brien Bernini, VP & Chief Sustainability Officer, Paul Smith, VP Building Materials Group Marketing, John Libonati, VP Government and Public Affairs, and I met with David Lee, Jeremy Williams, and Mark Lessans

37

GMOs in animal agriculture: time to consider both costs and benefits in regulatory evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

81%), corn (35%), and canola (30%) crops grown globally areGE corn, soybean, cotton, canola, wheat, potato, alfalfa,Soybeans Maize (Corn) Cotton Canola Page 9 of 14 animal feed

Van Eenennaam, Alison L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

MSU University News New wheat, barley and specialty crop varieties okayed for pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" such as in "whole wheat flour." This indicates that the product is made primarily from whole grains. Just because · Organic unbleached flour · Enriched flour · Semolina, duram wheat, or wheat flour · Degerminated corn meal. Whole grains can be milled into flour or eaten whole, cracked, split or ground, as long as the whole

Maxwell, Bruce D.

39

Cargill Corn Milling North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Manufacturing. Cargill Corn Milling North America. Cargill employees (Photo courtesy of Cargill Corn Milling North America). ...

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

40

DOE Joint Genome Institute Completes Soybean Genome- Data Released to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Press Release: December 8, 2008 Press Release: December 8, 2008 DOE Joint Genome Institute Completes Soybean Genome- Data Released to Advance Biofuel, Food, & Feed Research WALNUT CREEK, CA- The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) has released a complete draft assembly of the soybean (Glycine max) genetic code, making it widely available to the research community to advance new breeding strategies for one of the world's most valuable plant commodities. Soybean not only accounts for 70 percent of the world's edible protein, but also is an emerging feedstock for biodiesel production. Soybean is second only to corn as an agricultural commodity and is the leading U.S. agricultural export. DOE JGI's interest in sequencing the soybean centers on its use for biodiesel, a renewable, alternative fuel with the highest energy content of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Essays on Externalities and Uncertainty: On the Role of Disaster Insurance in Improving Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rice. “Risk and the Value of Bt Corn. ” American Journal ofThe Impact of the Western Corn Rootworm Soybean Variant insimulation section, for both corn and wheat farmers. For the

Sproul, Thomas Wendell

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

USB's Industrial Uses of Soybean Oil Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognizing outstanding research into new industrial applications or uses for soybean oil, sponsored by the United Soybean Board. USB's Industrial Uses of Soybean Oil Award Awards Soybeans USB's

43

Cooking with Corn Syrup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the nutritional value and safe storage of corn syrup, a commodity food. It also offers food preparation ideas.

Anding, Jenna

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Estimating Corn Grain Yields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains how to estimate the grain yield of a corn crop before harvest. An interactive grain yield calculator is included. 6 pages, 3 tables, 1 figure.

Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

45

Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica spp.) and Bt Corn: Effects on Pest Survival, Emergence and Susceptibility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Corn rootworms (Diabrotica spp.) are one of the most destructive pests of corn in the United States. Bt corn or corn that has been genetically… (more)

Keweshan, Ryan Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

STOCK AND DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL AND CORN-DERIVED SOIL ORGANIC CARBON IN AGGREGATE AND PRIMARY PARTICLE FRACTIONS FOR DIFFERENT LAND USE AND SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land use, soil management, and cropping systems affect stock, distribution, and residence time of soil organic carbon (SOC). Therefore, SOC stock and its depth distribution and association with primary and secondary particles were assessed in long-term experiments at the North Appalachian Experimental Watersheds near Coshocton, Ohio, through *13C techniques. These measurements were made for five land use and soil management treatments: (1) secondary forest, (2) meadow converted from no-till (NT) corn since 1988, (3) continuous NT corn since 1970, (4) continuous NT corn-soybean in rotation with ryegrass since 1984, and (5) conventional plow till (PT) corn since 1984. Soil samples to 70-cm depth were obtained in 2002 in all treatments. Significant differences in soil properties were observed among land use treatments for 0 to 5-cm depth. The SOC concentration (g C kg*1 of soil) in the 0 to 5-cm layer was 44.0 in forest, 24.0 in meadow, 26.1 in NT corn, 19.5 in NT corn-soybean, and 11.1 i n PT corn. The fraction of total C in corn residue converted to SOC was 11.9% for NT corn, 10.6% for NT corn-soybean, and 8.3% for PT corn. The proportion of SOC derived from corn residue was 96% for NT corn in the 0 to 5-cm layer, and it decreased gradually with depth and was 50% in PT corn. The mean SOC sequestration rate on conversion from PT to NT was 280 kg C ha*1 y*1. The SOC concentration decreased with reduction in aggregate size, and macro-aggregates contained 15 to 35% more SOC concentration than microaggregates. In comparison with forest, the magnitude of SOC depletion in the 0 to 30-cm layer was 15.5 Mg C/ha (24.0%) in meadow, 12.7 Mg C/ha (19.8%) in NT corn, 17.3 Mg C/ha (26.8%) in NT corn-soybean, and 23.3 Mg C/ha (35.1%) in PT corn. The SOC had a long turnover time when located deeper in the subsoil.

Puget, P; Lal, Rattan; Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Post, M; Owens, Lloyd

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Understanding Corn Test Weight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn test weight (TW) is an often discussed topic of conversation among corn growers. The topic moves to the forefront in years when corn has been stressed at some point during the grain filling period or when the growing season is ended by frost before physiological maturity is reached. In many cases, the concept of test weight is misunderstood. Test weight is volumetric measurement. An official bushel measures 1.244 cubic feet. To measure TW, we usually take the weight of some smaller unit of measure and make a conversion. The official minimum allowable TW for U.S. No. 1 yellow corn is 56 lbs. per bushel, while No. 2 corn is 54 lbs. per bushel. It's unknown how this all started hundreds of years ago, but perhaps it was easier and more fair to sell things based on volume (length x width x height), something a person could see, instead of weight. Today, of course, corn is sold by weight and often in 56-pound blocks that we, for some reason, still call a bushel. Because weight is contingent on moisture content, grain buyers base their price on a "standard " moisture of (usually) 15 or 15.5 percent. Test weight and yield... Sometimes high TW is associated with high grain yield and low TW is associated with low grain yield. In fact, there is a poor relationship between TW and yield. The same TW can exist across a

Mike Rankin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Marketing Style of Advisory Services for Corn and Soybeans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advisory service marketing recommendations used in this research represent the best efforts of the AgMAS Project staff to accurately and fairly interpret the information made available by each advisory program. In cases where a recommendation is vague or unclear, some judgment is exercised as to whether or not to include that particular recommendation or how to implement the recommendation. Given that some recommendations are subject to interpretation, the possibility is acknowledged that the AgMAS track record of recommendations for a given program may differ from that stated by the advisory service, or from that recorded by another subscriber. In addition, the net advisory prices presented in this report may differ substantially from those

Roberto Bertoli; Carl R. Zuluaf; Scott H. Irwin; Thomas E. Jackson; Darrel L. Good; The Marketing; Style Advisory; Services Corn; Soybeans In; Roberto Bertoli; Carl R. Zuluaf; Scott H. Irwin; Thomas E. Jackson; Darrel L. Good

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A Five-Year Assessment of Corn Stover Harvest in Central Iowa, USA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sustainable feedstock harvest strategies are needed to ensure bioenergy production does not irreversibly degrade soil resources. The objective for this study was to document corn (Zea mays L.) grain and stover fraction yields, plant nutrient removal and replacement costs, feedstock quality, soil-test changes, and soil quality indicator response to four stover harvest strategies for continuous corn and a corn-soybean [Glycine max. (L.) Merr.] rotation. The treatments included collecting (1) all standing plant material above a stubble height of 10 cm (whole plant), (2) the upper-half by height (ear shank upward), (3) the lower-half by height (from the 10 cm stubble height to just below the earshank), or (4) no removal. Collectable biomass from Treatment 2 averaged 3.9 ({+-}0.8) Mg ha{sup -1} for continuous corn (2005 through 2009), and 4.8 ({+-}0.4) Mg ha{sup -1} for the rotated corn (2005, 2007, and 2009). Compared to harvesting only the grain, collecting stover increased the average N-P-K removal by 29, 3 and 34 kg ha{sup -1} for continuous corn and 42, 3, and 34 kg ha{sup -1} for rotated corn, respectively. Harvesting the lower-half of the corn plant (Treatment 3) required two passes, resulted in frequent plugging of the combine, and provided a feedstock with low quality for conversion to biofuel. Therefore, Treatment 3 was replaced by a 'cobs-only' harvest starting in 2009. Structural sugars glucan and xylan accounted for up to 60% of the chemical composition, while galactan, arabinan, and mannose constituted less than 5% of the harvest fractions collected from 2005 through 2008. Soil-test data from samples collected after the first harvest (2005) revealed low to very low plant-available P and K levels which reduced soybean yield in 2006 after harvesting the whole-plant in 2005. Average continuous corn yields were 21% lower than rotated yields with no significant differences due to stover harvest. Rotated corn yields in 2009 showed some significant differences, presumably because soil-test P was again in the low range. A soil quality analysis using the Soil Management Assessment Framework (SMAF) with six indicators showed that soils at the continuous corn and rotated sites were functioning at an average of 93 and 83% of their inherent potential, respectively. With good crop management practices, including routine soil-testing, adequate fertilization, maintenance of soil organic matter, sustained soil structure, and prevention of wind, water or tillage erosion, a portion of the corn stover being produced in central Iowa, USA can be harvested in a sustainable manner.

Douglas L. Karlen; Stuart J. Birell; J. Richard Hess

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Corn-O-Copia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an ethanol project initiated by Red Trail Energy at its plant near Richardton, ND, with the goal of producing ethanol from corn using coal for energy. Aside from the fact that it does not substantially reduce carbon emissions, the ...

W. Sweet

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans from ...

52

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control from ...

53

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 13 Soybean Oil Modification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 13 Soybean Oil Modification Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

54

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 12 Soybean Oil Purification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 12 Soybean Oil Purification Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

55

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 8 Soybean Proteins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Proteins Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing

56

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 9 Soybean Carbohydrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 9 Soybean Carbohydrates Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Proce

57

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 11 Oil Recovery from Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 11 Oil Recovery from Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

58

Soybeans Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lab Proficiency Testing service for determining Free Fatty Acids, Moisture, Nitrogen, Oil, and Crude Fiber in Soybeans. Soybeans Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program Laboratory Proficiency Program (LPP) aocs applicants certified chemist chemists Lab la

59

Update of distillers grains displacement ratios for corn ethanol life-cycle analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Production of corn-based ethanol (either by wet milling or by dry milling) yields the following coproducts: distillers grains with solubles (DGS), corn gluten meal (CGM), corn gluten feed (CGF), and corn oil. Of these coproducts, all except corn oil can replace conventional animal feeds, such as corn, soybean meal, and urea. Displacement ratios of corn-ethanol coproducts including DGS, CGM, and CGF were last updated in 1998 at a workshop at Argonne National Laboratory on the basis of input from a group of experts on animal feeds, including Prof. Klopfenstein (University of Nebraska, Lincoln), Prof. Berger (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign), Mr. Madson (Rapheal Katzen International Associates, Inc.), and Prof. Trenkle (Iowa State University) (Wang 1999). Table 1 presents current dry milling coproduct displacement ratios being used in the GREET model. The current effort focuses on updating displacement ratios of dry milling corn-ethanol coproducts used in the animal feed industry. Because of the increased availability and use of these coproducts as animal feeds, more information is available on how these coproducts replace conventional animal feeds. To glean this information, it is also important to understand how industry selects feed. Because of the wide variety of available feeds, animal nutritionists use commercial software (such as Brill Formulation{trademark}) for feed formulation. The software recommends feed for the animal on the basis of the nutritional characteristics, availability, and price of various animal feeds, as well as on the nutritional requirements of the animal (Corn Refiners Association 2006). Therefore, feed formulation considers both the economic and the nutritional characteristics of feed products.

Arora, S.; Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Varo & Owens Corning Teaming Profile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineers, Inc Owens Corning - Newark Plant 2751 Tuller Parkway 400 Case Avenue Dublin, Ohio 43017 Newark, Ohio 43055 Business: Consulting Engineer Business: Insulation Materials...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 2 Composition of Soybeans and Soybean Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 2 Composition of Soybeans and Soybean Products Processing eChapters Processing 488238FD38C3A08C06DF239C252D6FA5 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of

62

Robbins Corn & Bulk Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Robbins Corn & Bulk Services Jump to: navigation, search Name Robbins Corn & Bulk Services Place Sackets Harbor, NY Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL...

63

Fast Corn Grading System Verification and Modification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A fast corn grading system can replace the traditional method in unofficial corn grading locations. The initial design of the system proved that it can… (more)

Smith, Leanna Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Delayed Planting Considerations for Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quite a bit of Indiana’s corn crop remains to be planted, especially in southern Indiana, due to the current rainy spell that put the brakes on what had been a very rapid planting pace. As of 11 May, 42 % of Indiana’s intended corn acreage was yet to be planted (USDA-NASS,

John Obermeyer; Entomology Dept; Tony Vyn; Agronomy Dept

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The effects of previous-year corn hybrid and cropping system on current-year corn hybrids in second year corn.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Grain yields decrease when corn (Zea mays L.) follows corn compared to corn grown in rotation with other crops. The factors that decrease grain yield… (more)

Kent, Wade Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 26 Cost Estimates for Soybean Processing and Soybean Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 26 Cost Estimates for Soybean Processing and Soybean Oil Refining Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 26 Cost Est

67

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 3 Physical Properties of Soybeans and Soybean Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 3 Physical Properties of Soybeans and Soybean Products Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Physical Properties

68

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive new soybean reference book, a volume from the AOCS Monograph Series on Oilseeds, disseminates key soybean oilseed information. Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry P

69

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

70

Why Sequence the Soybean Cyst Nematode?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soybean is also an essential rotation crop with maize, the dominant source of bioethanol (the other chief contender for a vehicle biofuel). Maximizing soybean yield is thus...

71

Wheat Situation and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. 2004 wheat harvested area is projected down 2 million acres from 2003. With trend yields, projected production is down 215 million bushels. Total U.S. wheat disappearance in 2005/06 is expected to decline more than supplies, resulting in a small amount of stock-building. With the higher stocks-to-use ratio, the season-average farm price is projected to decline. World wheat prices during the fall of 2004 were not much changed compared with the previous year, but were high enough to encourage expanded plantings in some countries. However, normal weather is unlikely to replicate last year’s record foreign wheat yield, so global wheat production is expected to decline some in 2005/06. Assuming trend

United States; Gary Vocke; Edward Allen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Weed Control Recommendations in Wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication offers suggestions for controlling weeds in wheat using cultural, mechanical and chemical methods.

Morgan, Gaylon; Baumann, Paul A.; Baughman, Todd; Bean, Brent W.

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

73

Corn Yield Prediction Using Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is developed to predict corn yield during the growing season using a plant process model (CERES-Maize), current weather data and climatological data. The procedure is to place the current year's daily weather (temperature and ...

Claude E. Duchon

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Barley tortillas and barley flours in corn tortillas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barley tortillas (100%) were easily processed using corn tortilla technology. Flavor and color of barley tortillas were different from those of corn or wheat tortillas. Barley tortillas were generally darker, maybe due to ash and phenolic compounds present in the dietary fiber of the flours. All barley tortillas had a unique mild bittersweet-astringent taste. Flavor and color were rated acceptable by an informal sensory panel. The effects of amylose and ?-glucan contents of barley flours on the quality attributes of doughs and tortillas were studied using objective and subjective tests. Barley was milled to obtain increased ?-glucan at the same amylose level. Changes in tortilla attributes were evaluated at 2 h and after storage for up to 28 d at 4°C. Stored tortillas were evaluated after equilibration to 22°C and reheating. As amylose decreased in the flour, fresh tortillas were softer and more extensible. However, upon storage all tortillas became brittle and hard. Increased ?-glucan content increased water absorption of the flours and moisture content of tortillas. Increased moisture gave softer and more extensible barley tortillas. Reheated and fresh tortillas had similar extensibilities. Reheated tortillas had less moisture and required more force to rupture. Barley flours were also substituted at 10 to 25% in corn tortillas. As barley flours increased in the formulation, tortilla extensibility improved. Color was not affected, dietary fiber was increased and a slight off-flavor was observed. Barley tortillas and corn tortillas containing barley flour may be an acceptable way to increase dietary fiber consumption at a competitive cost.

Mitre-Dieste, Carlos Marcelo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Corn Ethanol and Wildlife: How are Policy and Market Driven Increases in Corn Plantings Affecting Habitat and Wildlife.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since 2005, government incentives have driven massive growth in the corn ethanol industry, increasing demand for corn for ethanol by 200%. Corn prices have risen… (more)

Griffin, Elizabeth; Glaser, Aviva; Fogel, Gregory; Johnson, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Effect of corn stover harvest and winter rye cover crop on corn nitrogen fertilization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Improvement in N management to optimize corn N fertilization requirement and minimize NO33 – N loss from agricultural fields is an ongoing need for continuous corn… (more)

Pantoja, Jose L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Effects of corn processing and dietary wet corn gluten feed on newly received and growing cattle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Effects of corn processing with or without the inclusion of wet corn gluten feed (WCGF) on growth and performance were analyzed in two experiments. Treatments… (more)

Siverson, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Corn Fields Shutting Down  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fields of corn around Indiana, especially early-planted ones, are in the process of shutting down for the season. While only 3 % of the state’s crop was estimated to be mature (i.e., kernel black layer) as of the week ending 31 Aug, 41 % of the crop was estimated to be at dent stage or beyond (Indiana Ag Stats Service, 2 Sep 2003). The onset of maturity is naturally accompanied by an eventual senescence of the entire solar harvesting “machinery”, but some fields appear to be shutting down prematurely and deserve to be monitored for potential stalk health issues prior to harvest (Nielsen, 2003). The short-term forecast for cool evening temperatures in the mid-50’s or lower throughout much of the state the remainder of this week will further accelerate premature senescence of these stressed fields. Plant stresses contributing to the premature “shutdown ” of some fields include: Root systems compromised by saturated soil conditions caused by early and midseason “monsoon ” events. Drier than normal conditions throughout much of August, accompanied by stressful low to mid-90 F temperatures in the latter part of the month.

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Corn Replant Decision-Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crappy stands of corn (aka less than desirable) occur somewhere in Indiana every year. The recent spate of cool, rainy days does not bode well for some corn fields planted during the days immediately preceding the onset of the rainy weather. Stands of corn in river bottoms may be destroyed outright by flood waters. Poorly drained soils where ponding has occurred for four or more days are vulnerable to seedling death. Eventual drying of saturated soils often leads to severe crusting that can restrict corn emergence and result in lower than desirable plant populations. Cool, wet soils are also conducive for seedling infection by certain soil-borne diseases. Unacceptable stand establishment in some of these fields may eventually require growers to make decisions about replanting. Deciding to replant a crappy stand of corn should be based on a number of criteria, but unfortunately the major influencing factor is often the emotion associated with looking out the kitchen window at the damaged field every morning or driving by the field every afternoon taking the kids to baseball practice. Make a wise decision about the merits of replanting a damaged field of corn requires more than emotions. In fact, I would rather that emotions be taken out of the equation entirely. Toward that end, I developed a replant decision-making worksheet that assists growers and farm managers in making that important replant decision. The worksheet allows you to determine the damaged field’s current yield potential (if left untouched), its replant yield potential, and the dollar returns (if any) from replanting the field. The worksheet is included in a larger overall publication on corn replanting titled

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 21 Soybean Production and Processing in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 21 Soybean Production and Processing in Brazil Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutritio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 2 Breeding, Genetics, and Production of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 2 Breeding, Genetics, and Production of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrit

82

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Util

83

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 5 Economics of Soybean Production, Marketing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 5 Economics of Soybean Production, Marketing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology He

84

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 6 Measurement and Maintenance of Soybean Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 6 Measurement and Maintenance of Soybean Quality Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrit

85

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallization and Fractionation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallization and Fractionation Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallizati

86

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Utilization: Shortenings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Utilization: Shortenings Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Util

87

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bio

88

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 1 The History of the Soybean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 1 The History of the Soybean Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

89

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 14 Food Use of Whole Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 14 Food Use of Whole Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

90

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry within the food and kindred products group (SIC 20), using 15 percent of the energy in the entire food industry. After corn, energy is the second largest operating cost for corn wet millers in the United States. A typical corn wet milling plant in the United States spends approximately $20 to $30 million per year on energy, making energy efficiency improvement an important way to reduce costs and increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy-price volatility. This report shows energy efficiency opportunities available for wet corn millers. It begins with descriptions of the trends, structure and production of the corn wet milling industry and the energy used in the milling and refining process. Specific primary energy savings for each energy efficiency measure based on case studies of plants and references to technical literature are provided. If available, typical payback periods are also listed. The report draws upon the experiences of corn, wheat and other starch processing plants worldwide for energy efficiency measures. The findings suggest that given available resources and technology, there are opportunities to reduce energy consumption cost-effectively in the corn wet milling industry while maintaining the quality of the products manufactured. Further research on the economics of the measures, as well as the applicability of these to different wet milling practices, is needed to assess the feasibility of implementation of selected technologies at individual plants.

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Al Corn Clean Fuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search Name Al-Corn Clean Fuel Place Claremont, North Dakota Product Al-Corn is an ethanol plant located in Claremont, North Dakota, which is owned by local...

92

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 10 Minor Constituents and Phytochemicals of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 10 Minor Constituents and Phytochemicals of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition -

93

Functionality of alkaline cooked corn bran on tortilla texture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of pericarp and nixtamalized corn bran (NCB) level on corn tortilla attributes was evaluated. The effect of varying pH (4, 9 and 11) on fresh and dry mesa flour (pH 5, 7 and 10) tortillas was also evaluated. Nixtamal was washed at three different levels to obtain tortillas containing about 0, 50 and 100% pericarp. Fumaric acid and lime solutions were used to produce acidic and alkaline tortillas respectively. Tortilla texture was evaluated at 0, 1 and 7 days of storage objectively using a texture analyzer and subjectively using a solvability test. As pericarp content and pH increased tortillas were softer, more flexible and extensible with a darker yellow color. Acidic tortillas were harder with a white color. Pericarp improved texture of tortillas during storage. Commercial corn bran was alkaline treated to obtain NCB with functionality similar to nixtamalized corn pericarp. Dry masa flour (DMF) (1 kg) was mixed with 0, 50 and 100 g dry basis of NCB and processed into tortillas. Tortillas containing NCB had a pH of 9, were more flexible and rollable than control tortillas. Alkaline pH tortillas puffed during baking; these tortillas were yellow with a soft, moist texture. Tortillas containing nixtamalized rice and wheat brans were soft and flexible. A sensory panel found that tortillas containing nixtamalized cereal brans had a strong alkaline flavor and aroma and a blistered surface, with a soft, moist texture. NCB tortillas had the highest overall acceptability scores. Pericarp from nixtamal and alkaline pH slowed the staling mechanisms of tortillas. Nixtamalized commercial brans significantly improved the texture of corn tortillas during storage and enhanced the color, flavor and aroma of DMF tortillas. Nixtamalized cereal brans can be used as an effective additive to extend shelf stability of tortillas and enhance the flavor of DMF products. Tortillas containing NCB could be used in products such as wraps and fried tacos where the bright color and stronger flavor could be an advantage.

Guajardo Flores, Sara

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Tall Corn Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tall Corn Ethanol LLC Tall Corn Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Tall Corn Ethanol LLC Place Coon Rapids, Iowa Zip 50058 Product Farmer owned bioethanol production company which owns a 40m gallon (151.4m litre) bioethanol plant in Coon Rapids, Iowa. References Tall Corn Ethanol LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Tall Corn Ethanol LLC is a company located in Coon Rapids, Iowa . References ↑ "Tall Corn Ethanol LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tall_Corn_Ethanol_LLC&oldid=352015" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

95

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This new Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization is intended to provide a single source of practical information on the subject to an international audience. Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Processing agricultura

96

tritrophic interactions among larval western corn rootworm, Bt corn and entomopathogens.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a major soil-borne pest of corn Zea mays L. in both the United States… (more)

Rudeen, Melissa Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 1 Impact of Research on the Economic Outlook for Soybeans and Soybean Products in Global Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 1 Impact of Research on the Economic Outlook for Soybeans and Soybean Products in Global Markets Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry P

98

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 2 Influence of Legislation and Governmental Policy on Markets for Soybean and Soybean Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 2 Influence of Legislation and Governmental Policy on Markets for Soybean and Soybean Products Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofu

99

Nitrogen management of corn with sensor technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Corn (Zea mays) is an important cereal crop in Kansas primarily used as livestock feed for cattle in the feedlots, and there has been increased… (more)

Tucker, Andrew Neil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Oil recovery from condensed corn distillers solubles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Condensed corn distillers solubles (CCDS) contains more oil than dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), 20 vs. 12% (dry weight basis). Therefore, significant amount of… (more)

Majoni, Sandra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Wet Corn Milling Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wet Corn Milling Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction...

102

Soybean Oil Derivatives for Fuel and Chemical Feedstocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plant based sources of hydrocarbons are being considered as alternatives to petrochemicals because of the need to conserve petroleum resources for reasons of national security and climate change. Changes in fuel formulations to include ethanol from corn sugar and methyl esters from soybean oil are examples of this policy in the United States and elsewhere. Replacements for commodity chemicals are also being considered, as this value stream represents much of the profit for the oil industry and one that would be affected by shortages in oil or other fossil fuels. While the discovery of large amounts of natural gas associated with oil shale deposits has abated this concern, research into bio-based feedstock materials continues. In particular, this chapter reviews a literature on the conversion of bio-based extracts to hydrocarbons for fuels and for building block commodity chemicals, with a focus on soybean derived products. Conversion of methyl esters from soybean triglycerides for replacement of diesel fuel is an active area of research; however, the focus of this chapter will not reside with esterification or transesterification, except has a means to provide materials for the production of hydrocarbons for fuels or chemical feedstocks. Methyl ester content in vehicle fuel is limited by a number of factors, including the performance in cold weather, the effect of oxygen content on engine components particularly in the case of older engines, shelf-life, and higher NOx emissions from engines that are not tuned to handle the handle the enhanced pre-ignition conditions of methyl ester combustion [1]. These factors have led to interest in synthesizing a hydrocarbon fuel from methyl esters, one that will maintain the cetane number but will achieve better performance in an automobile: enhanced mixing, injection, and combustion, and reduce downstream issues such as emissions and upstream issues such as fuel preparation and transportation. Various catalytic pathways from oxygenated precursor to hydrocarbon will be considered in the review: pyrolysis [2], deoxygenation and hydrogenation [3, 4], and hydrotreatment [5]. The focus of many of these studies has been production of fuels that are miscible or fungible with petroleum products, e.g., the work published by the group of Daniel Resasco at U. Oklahoma [6]. Much of the published literature focuses on simpler chemical representatives of the methyl esters form soybean oil; but these results are directly applicable to the production of chemical feedstocks, such as ethylbenzene that can be used for a variety of products: polymers, solvent, and reagent [3]. Although many chemical pathways have been demonstrated in the laboratory, the scale-up to handle quantities of bio-derived material presents a number of challenges in comparison with petroleum refining. These range from additional transportation costs because of distributed feedstock production to catalyst cost and regeneration. Other chapters in the book appear to address the cultivation and harvesting of soybeans and production of oil, so these areas will not be dealt with directly in this chapter except as they may relate to chemical changes in the feedstock material. However, the feasibility of the production of hydrocarbons from soybean triglycerides or methyl esters derived from these triglycerides will be considered, along with remaining technical hurdles before soybeans can make a significant contribution to the hydrocarbon economy.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty OilsChapter 15 Corn Kernel Oil and Corn Fiber Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils Chapter 15 Corn Kernel Oil and Corn Fiber Oil Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 15 Corn Kerne

104

Varo & Owens Corning - Newark Teaming Profile | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

implements phased-in lighting system upgrade at Owens Corning plant in Newark, Ohio, saving 270,000 annually in electricity and maintenance. Varo & Owens Corning - Newark...

105

Animal Performance and Diet Quality While Grazing Corn Residue.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Grazing cattle on corn residue as a winter feed source has become an integral part of many Nebraska producers’ management plans. Utilizing corn residues extends… (more)

Gigax, Jennifer A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Optical Imaging and Computer Vision Technology for Corn Quality Measurement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The official U.S. standards for corn have been available for almost one hundred years. Corn grading system has been gradually updated over the years. In… (more)

Fang, Jian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Essays on ethanol-driven corn demand and crop choice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Two essays are focused on crop choice and the growth of corn production in the Corn Belt and surrounding areas. The first essay develops a… (more)

[No author

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Effects of a Corn Root Defense Substance on Western Corn Rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte Larvae.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objectives of this research were to evaluate the effects of hydroxamic acids, a group of corn root defense substances on western corn rootworm (Diabrotica… (more)

Zhao, Zixiao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Characterization of chemical composition, milling properties and carbon dioxide diffusivity resulting from early harvest corn and corn stover.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing demand of corn as food and fuel sources has increased the competition for feedstock between livestock and ethanol industries. Developing an effective corn… (more)

Huang, Haibo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Data Mining Soil Characteristics Affecting Corn Yield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ten soil characteristic variables and corn yield were measured in a field located in southeastern Boone County, Iowa. Measurements were made on a grid of 215 locations throughout the field. We use graphical and simple numerical methods to obtain an understanding of the relationship between the soil characteristics and corn yield.

William F. Christensen; Di Cook

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

MEXICAN CORN: Genetic Variability and Trade Liberalisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is now a well established fact that corn (Zea mays) originated in Mexico and that a great part of the evolution that may be observed in terms of this plant’s genetic variability took place in this country. 2 As the plant’s history unfolded, early forms of these races were taken by people into a wide variety of environments and ecological niches from which many distinct varieties developed in the relative isolation of these separated regions. Thus, Mexico also became a center of genetic diversity for corn, and its stock of germplasm has contributed in a decisive manner to global production of corn. Even the dented varieties of the U.S. Corn Belt are close descendants of the first Mexican landraces. The germplasm resources that are deposited in Mexico’s corn varieties, as well as in the wild relatives of this crop, are of prime importance for the world’s food production system of the next century. 3 Corn germplasm of Mexican origin has played a critical role in improvements for corn cultivated in tropical regions in relation to yield increments, plague resistance, short growth cycle, drought resistance and increases of protein content of grain. It has also been instrumental in increasing yields in the case of corn produced in temperate regions at high latitudes. Mexican 1

Alejandro Nadal; El Colegio De México; Alejandro Nadal; El Colegio De México

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Heartland Corn Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corn Products Corn Products Jump to: navigation, search Name Heartland Corn Products Place Winthrop, Minnesota Zip 55396 Product Heartland Corn Products is farmer-owned cooperative that produces corn-derived ethanol. Coordinates 48.47373°, -120.177559° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.47373,"lon":-120.177559,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

Rockwell Automation - Owens Corning Teaming Profile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rockwell Automation Owens Corning Rockwell Automation Owens Corning 1201 S. Second Street 247 York Road Milwaukee, WI 53204 Guelph, Ontario N1E 3G4 Business: Industrial Automation Business: Textile / Fiber Nigel Hitchings Frank Peel Marketing Manager Electrical Support Specialist Phone: 508-357-8404 Phone: 519-823-7208 Email: nehitchings@ra.rockwell.com Email: frank.peel@owenscorning.com Owens Corning partners with Rockwell Automation to retrofit fans with VFDs, saving $67,000 annually Project Scope Owens Corning and Rockwell Automation installed Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) on one 125HP cooling fan and three 40HP recirculation fans at the Owens Corning Guelph Glass Plant. The VFDs were integrated with the existing Rockwell Automation programmable automation controller to collect

114

Corn/coal fuel characterization study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratory analyses and tests were conducted to determine the suitability of shelled corn as a potential supplemental fuel for pulverized coal fired utility boilers. The analyses and tests used were those routinely used for the characterization of coal. The data indicated very high volatility and very low ash. Corn by itself would not be a suitable fuel for conventional boilers, primarily because of the severe fouling and slagging potential of corn ash. Blends of corn and coal minimized the fouling and slagging problems. The blend samples contained 10% corn by BTU or 14% by weight. Approximately 1.05 pounds of this blend would provide the heat equivalent of one pound of coal. The additional fuel input would place an additional load on fuel handling and preparation equipment, but the decrease in ash quantity would reduce the load on ash handling and particulate-type flue gas clean-up equipment. (JSR)

Cioffi, P. L.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Soybean Reference Chemistry and/or NIR Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lab Proficiency Testing service for Whole Soybeans and Soybean Meal. Provided by Soybean Quality Traits (SQT) sponsored by the United Soybean Board. Soybean Reference Chemistry and/or NIR Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program Laboratory Proficiency Progr

116

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 25 Environmental Concerns in Soybean Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 25 Environmental Concerns in Soybean Processing Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 25 Environmental Concerns in

117

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationHarvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Harvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Harvest, Storage, Handling and T

118

Texas Wheat Variety Research and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Wheat Variety Research and Development One of the most important decisions a wheat grower growing region. Extension's Response With the support of the Texas Wheat Producers Board, the Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas AgriLife Research have conducted 141 replicated wheat-variety demonstration

Wilkins, Neal

119

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 20 Human Nutrition Value of Soybean Oil and Soy Protein  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 20 Human Nutrition Value of Soybean Oil and Soy Protein Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health -

120

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 3 Harvesting, Storing, and Post-Harvest Management of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 3 Harvesting, Storing, and Post-Harvest Management of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology H

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 18 Nutritional Properties and Feeding Values of Soybeans and Their Coproducts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 18 Nutritional Properties and Feeding Values of Soybeans and Their Coproducts Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science

122

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 7 Lipids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 7 Lipids Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing Press

123

September 2010 FAPRI-MU US Biofuels, Corn Processing,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2010 FAPRI-MU US Biofuels, Corn Processing, Distillers Grains, Fats, Switchgrass-882-4256 or the US Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights. #12;1 Overview of FAPRI-MU Biofuels, Corn listed here represent US biofuel, corn processing, distillers grains, fats, switchgrass, and corn stover

Noble, James S.

124

Economics of producing fuel-grade alcohol from corn in western Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production of significant quantities of alcohol fuel will have important effects on the use of agricultural resources, including increased food prices. The two major objectives of this research were to determine (1) the potential effects of alcohol-fuel production on agriculture, and (2) the increase in energy prices needed for alcohol-fuel production to become economic. Western Ohio (the Corn Belt part of the state) was chosen for study. A quadratic-programming model with crop, livestock, and alcohol-fuel-production activities was used for analysis. Four alcohol-fuel-production levels were analyzed: 100, 200, 300 and 400 million gallons. The 400-million-gallon level represents western Ohio's share of alcohol-fuel production for a national gasohol program. The production of alcohol results in a high protein by-product feed that can substitute for soybean meal. Efficient use of this by-product is a crucial factor affecting resource use and food prices. At low alcohol-fuel production levels, 80% of the additional cropland required for increased corn production comes from the cropland released through by-product feeding. However, as alcohol-fuel production increases, livestock's ability to use efficiently this by-product feed decreases. This in turn, reduces greatly the cropland that can be released for increased corn production. Consequently, food prices increase substantially. The quantity of land released through by-product feeding, at high alcohol-fuel-production levels, can be increased if the corn is first wet milled. Wet milling produces high-protein feeds that can be used more efficiently by livestock. For alcohol-fuel production to become economic, crude oil prices must increase by ten cents per gallon for the wet-milling process and 22 cents per gallon for the conventional distillery process (1981 $).

Ott, S.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Wet Corn Milling Energy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

307 307 ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers Christina Galitsky, Ernst Worrell and Michael Ruth Environmental Energy Technologies Division Sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency July 2003 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product,

126

Corn Plus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plus Plus Jump to: navigation, search Name Corn Plus Place Winnebago, Minnesota Product Farmer Coop which owns an Ethanol plant in Winnebago Mn. Coordinates 42.236095°, -96.472339° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.236095,"lon":-96.472339,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

127

Economic Restructuring and Rural Subsistence in Mexico: Corn and the Crisis of the 1980s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centro Tepoztláh Seminar on Corn and the Economic Crisis in1990a). Mobilization ot Corn Pjot! uCorn in Southern Veracruz,* 1970-

Hewitt de Alcántara, editor, Cynthia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Quad County Corn Processors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quad County Corn Processors Quad County Corn Processors Jump to: navigation, search Name Quad County Corn Processors Place Galva, Iowa Zip 51020 Product Farmer owned corn processing facility management company. Coordinates 38.38422°, -97.537539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.38422,"lon":-97.537539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

129

The ultra-low-linolenic soybean market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Does the failure of Asoyia Inc., the Iowa-based company that marketed 1% ultra-low-linolenic soybeans and soy oil, signal the beginning of the end for the ultra-low-linolenic soy oil market in the United States? The ultra-low-linolenic soybean market ...

130

Designing Soybeans for 21st Century Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century helps implement the USB strategy to maintain a dialog with the user community on how genetic technologies are helping the US soybean industry extend its position as the preferred source of high-quality soybe

131

YIELD BENEFIT OF CORN EVENT MON 863  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means, provide that this Data from field experiments are used to estimate the yield benefit of corn hybrids containing event MON 863 relative to nontransgenic corn hybrids without corn rootworm control and with a soil insecticide for corn rootworm control. Over typical ranges for corn rootworm population pressure, event MON 863 provides a yield benefit of 9-28% relative to no control and of 1.5-4.5 % relative to control with a soil insecticide. For a reasonable range of prices and yields, the value of the event MON 863 yield benefit is $25-$75/ac relative to no control and $4-$12/ac relative to control with a soil insecticide, depending on corn rootworm pressure. Because of the low correlation between yield loss and the root rating difference, a common empirical finding when estimating yield loss with root ratings, the 95% confidence intervals around these averages are quite wide. Though on average, event MON 863 has substantial value, the wide confidence intervals imply that farmers will see a wide variety of actual performance levels in their fields. This uncertainty in the

Paul D. Mitchell; Paul D. Mitchell

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effects of Genotype and Environment on the Antioxidant Properties of Hard Winter Wheat Bran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the other wheat cultivars. Wheat lines producing flour yields greater than 70.0% is desirable. The Soft ............................................................................................. 4 Barley and Wheat Entries. Section 3: Wheat Varieties Discussion of wheat varieties and summary of wheat management practices

Liu, Jian-Guo

133

Indiana Soybean Alliance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Soybean Alliance Soybean Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Name Indiana Soybean Alliance Place Indianapolis, Indiana Zip IN 46278-1755 Product Conduct soybean promotion, research, consumer information, producer information, industry information programs, and market development activities relating to soybean Coordinates 39.76691°, -86.149964° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.76691,"lon":-86.149964,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: Indiana Kingman Research Station (Corn and Soybeans)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is an excellent source of gypsum (CaSO4•2H2O) that is created when sulfur dioxide is removed from the exhaust gases during the combustion of coal for energy production. Research on FGDG has been conducted as part of the Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network program sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute in collaboration with individual utilities, the U.S. EPA, the United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural ...

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

135

Improved Soybean Oil for Biodiesel Fuel  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program was to generate information on the utility of soybean germplasm that produces oil, high in oleic acid and low in saturated fatty acids, for its use as a biodiesel. Moreover, data was ascertained on the quality of the derived soybean meal (protein component), and the agronomic performance of this novel soybean germplasm. Gathering data on these later two areas is critical, with respect to the first, soybean meal (protein) component is a major driver for commodity soybean, which is utilized as feed supplements in cattle, swine, poultry and more recently aquaculture production. Hence, it is imperative that the resultant modulation in the fatty acid profile of the oil does not compromise the quality of the derived meal, for if it does, the net value of the novel soybean will be drastically reduced. Similarly, if the improved oil trait negative impacts the agronomics (i.e. yield) of the soybean, this in turn will reduce the value of the trait. Over the course of this program oil was extruded from approximately 350 bushels of soybean designated 335-13, which produces oil high in oleic acid (>85%) and low in saturated fatty acid (<6%). As predicted improvement in cold flow parameters were observed as compared to standard commodity soybean oil. Moreover, engine tests revealed that biodiesel derived from this novel oil mitigated NOx emissions. Seed quality of this soybean was not compromised with respect to total oil and protein, nor was the amino acid profile of the derived meal as compared to the respective control soybean cultivar with a conventional fatty acid profile. Importantly, the high oleic acid/low saturated fatty acids oil trait was not impacted by environment and yield was not compromised. Improving the genetic potential of soybean by exploiting the tools of biotechnology to improve upon the lipid quality of the seed for use in industrial applications such as biodiesel will aid in expanding the market for the crop. This in turn, may lead to job creation in rural areas of the country and help stimulate the agricultural economy. Moreover, production of soybean with enhanced oil quality for biodiesel may increase the attractiveness of this renewable, environmentally friendly fuel.

Tom Clemente; Jon Van Gerpen

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Registration of `Bauermeister' Wheat `Bauermeister' (J981107, WA007939) hard red winter wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sclerotia. AFB1was detected by HPLC in 56.6% of the wheat samples and derived products (flour, semolina the form of unclean and clean wheat, flour, semolina and bran). The sample collection data are summa- rized, clean wheat and products (flour, semolina and bran). The cleaning of wheat consists of eliminating

Murray, Timothy D.

137

Spatially discriminating Russian wheat aphid induced plant stress from other wheat stressing factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Russian wheat aphid (RWA) Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) is a major pest of winter wheat and barley in the United States. RWA induces stress to the wheat crop by damaging plant foliage, lowering the greenness of plants, and affecting productivity. The ... Keywords: Discriminant function analysis, Plant stress, Russian wheat aphid, Spatial pattern metrics

Georges F. Backoulou; Norman C. Elliott; Kristopher Giles; Mpho Phoofolo; Vasile Catana; Mustafa Mirik; Jerry Michels

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Climate Model for Winter Wheat Yield Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winter wheat yields were simulated by a model requiring climatic data as input for estimating crop evapotranspiration and phenological development. An assumed relationship between the winter wheat yields and the amount and timing of crop water ...

Kenneth G. Hubbard; R. J. Hanks

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Selection of herbaceous energy crops for the western corn belt  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ultimate economic feasibility of biomass depends on its cost of production and on the cost of competing fuels. The purpose of this research project is to evaluate the production costs of several combinations of species and management systems for producing herbaceous biomass for energy use in Iowa. Herbaceous biomass production systems have costs similar to other crop production systems, such as corn, soybean, and forages. Thus, the factors influencing the costs of producing dedicated biomass energy crops include technological factors such as the cultivation system, species, treatments, soil type, and site and economic factors such as input prices and use of fixed resources. In order to investigate how these production alternatives are influenced by soil resources, and climate conditions, two locations in Iowa, Ames and Chariton, with different soil types and slightly different weather patterns were selected for both the agronomic and economic analyses. Nine crops in thirteen cropping systems were grown at the two sites for five years, from 1988 to 1992. Some of the systems had multiple cropping or interplanting, using combinations of cool-season species and warm-season species, in order to meet multiple objectives of maximum biomass, minimal soil loss, reduced nitrogen fertilization or diminished pesticide inputs. Six of the systems use continuous monocropping of herbaceous crops with an emphasis on production. The seven other systems consist of similar crops, but with crop rotation and soil conservation considerations. While the erosion and other off-site effects of these systems is an important consideration in their overall evaluation, this report will concentrate on direct production costs only.

Anderson, I.C.; Buxton, D.R.; Hallam, J.A. [Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

CULTIVAR DESCRIPTION CDC Kestrel winter wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= 15 Increased satiety during 120 min (Hlebowicz et al., 2008b) Bread with 80% whole-grain wheat flour., 1998) Bread with 15% pearled barley flour (6 g df) Control: refined wheat bread (0.1 g df) Higher rye foods, compared with iso-caloric refined wheat bread, served as parts of breakfast meals in cross

Peak, Derek

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Climate Forecasts for Corn Producer Decision-Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn is the most widely grown crop in the Americas, with annual production in the US of approximately 332 million metric tons. Improved climate forecasts, together with climate-related decision-tools for corn producers based on these improved ...

Eugene S. Takle; Christopher J. Anderson; Jeffrey Andresen; James Angel; Roger W. Elmore; Benjamin M. Gramig; Patrick Guinan; Steven Hilberg; Doug Kluck; Raymond Massey; Dev Niyogi; Jeanne M. Schneider; Martha D. Shulski; Dennis Todey; Melissa Widhalm

142

Effectiveness Analysis of Corn Combine Based on DEA Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper used DEA method to analyze the production efficiency of corn combine??pointed out how to find the waste of resources??then put forward the way to optimize resource utilization. Keywords: DEA, Corn combine, Efficiency, Evaluation

Xinjie Liu; Baoling Yang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Pro Corn LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pro Corn LLC Pro Corn LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Pro-Corn LLC Place Preston, Minnesota Zip 55965 Product Minnesotan farmer owned bioethanol production company. Coordinates 47.526531°, -121.936019° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.526531,"lon":-121.936019,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

144

Corn Belt Power Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corn Belt Power Coop Corn Belt Power Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 4363 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO Other Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Corn_Belt_Power_Coop&oldid=41053

145

Rosson is Professor and Director, Center for North American Studies; Adcock is International Program Coordinator and Assistant Director, Center for North American Studies; and Manthei is Extension Assistant, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. competitive position for wheat, corn, and soybean meal and oil. Through February 2010, U.S. exports of corn&M University. Key Findings, Assumptions and Limitations of the Analysis In 2009, U.S. exports to Cuba were $528. exports could result, requiring $1.1 billion in business activity and 6,000 new jobs. While U.S

146

publication 348-790 Kids Kitchen: Which cereal should I eat?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber 2 g 9% Sugar 14 g Protein 1 g Frosted Fruit O's Ingredients: Sugar, Corn Flour,Wheat Flour, Oat Flour, Partially HydrogenatedVegetable Oil (one or more of: Coconut, Cottonseed, and Soybean), Salt Ingredients: Milled Corn, Rice, Brown Sugar, Salt, Malt Flavoring, Baking Soda,Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Iron

Liskiewicz, Maciej

147

Innovative Methods for Corn Stover Collecting, Handling, Storing and Transporting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Investigation of innovative methods for collecting, handling, storing, and transporting corn stover for potential use for production of cellulosic ethanol.

Atchison, J. E.; Hettenhaus, J. R.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

8. Corn Hybrid Options for Replanting 1. Determining Vegetative Growth Stages of Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knowing the growth stage of corn is critical to understanding the management practices and potential yield impact from wet weather and/or hail damage. There are a couple methods for determining vegetative growth stages in corn. These different staging methods are used by different disciplines and often occur on different herbicide labels. Knowing the differences between these staging methods will help to reduce confusion when determining corn growth and development. These stages are determined either by the number of visible leaf collars or the number of leaves. Collars and V-Stages The collar is the part of the leaf that wraps

Hail Damage To Corn; Corn Flood Survival; Chad Lee Agronomy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients is written to serve as a reference for food product developers, food technologists, nutritionists, plant breeders, academic and government professionals, college graduates, and anyone who is interested in learni

150

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Protein Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Protein Processing and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press C3E1068B56CFF4FBE6B4F9A4B1F130E7 AOCS Press Downloadable pd

151

Corn Stover Impacts on Near-Surface Soil Properties of No-Till Corn In Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn stover is a primary biofuel feedstock and its expanded use could help reduce reliance on fossil fuels and net CO2 emissions. Excessive stover removal may, however, negatively impact near-surface soil properties within a short period after removal. We assessed changes in soil crust strength, bulk density, and water content over a 1-yr period following a systematic removal or addition of stover from three no-till soils under corn in Ohio.

Blanco-Canqui, H; Lal, Rattan; Post, W M.; Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Owens, L B.

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

EAR ROT IN THE 2006 CORN CROP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several incidences of ear rot have been noticed across Illinois and Iowa this year. In most cases, these fields were grown to corn the previous year. It is not surprising that ear rots are developing this year, given the late summer rains and high amount of stalk rots. Growers should be alerted to

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The feasibility and profitability of short season corn and sorghum cropping systems on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of experimental cropping systems were conducted at the TAES-USDA Conservation and Production Research Field at Bushland, TX and at the North Plains Research Field near Etter, TX. The study at Bushland was fully irrigated using flood irrigation in level plots with raised borders. The study at Etter was conducted as limited irrigation using sprinkler irrigation equipped with a low energy precision application (LEPA) system. The four experimental cropping systems utilized a 98-day short season corn cultivar (SSC), a 100-day short season sorghum cultivar (SSS), and winter wheat grazed-grain (Wht Grz-Grn) and grain only. The cropping systems were evaluated in terms of attainable yields, irrigation water use, profitability, and feasibility. Conventional cropping systems of continuous full season corn (FSC), continuous full season sorghum (FSS), and continuous wheat grazed-grain and grain only were also included in the study. Compared to conventional cropping systems, the experimental cropping systems did not reduce irrigation, but profitability was increased. The rotation of SSC/Wht/SSS with wheat grazed or non-grazed, was consistently the most profitable rotation under full and limited irrigation. Profitability was obtained by increasing total revenue through improved yields of SSC in rotation with wheat and sorghum when compared to yields of SSC in continuous rotation, by obtaining higher market prices for early harvested SSC, and by realizing the opportunity to graze and obtain grain from wheat planted after SSC. Input costs were reduced by decreased fertilizer, insecticide, and irrigation applications and by reduced to no-tillage operations. Peak irrigation demands were spread more evenly throughout the year, and irrigation scheduling became less critical for optimum yields. Experimental rotations increased management and labor requirements. A greater diversity of machinery was also necessary. Timing of harvesting one crop and planting the next became critical in determining whether a rotation was profitable. The experimental rotation SSC/Wht Grz was not profitable and used the greatest amount of irrigation water. Conventional cropping systems of continuous FSS and continuous Wht Grz-Grn reduced irrigation compared to continuous FSC and all experimental rotations while maintaining profitability.

Vagts, Todd Anthony

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Corn stalk orientation effect on mechanical cutting  

SciTech Connect

Research efforts that increase the efficiency of size reduction of biomass can lead to a significant energy saving. This paper deals with the determination of the effect of sample orientation with respect to cutting element and quantify the possible cutting energy reduction, utilising dry corn stalks as the test material (15%e20% wet basis). To evaluate the mechanical cutting characteristics of corn stalks, a Warnere Bratzler device was modified by replacing its blunt edged cutting element with one having a 30_ single bevel sharp knife edge. Cutting force-deformation characteristics obtained with a universal testing machine were analysed to evaluate the orientation effects at perpendicular (90o), inclined (45o), and parallel (0o) orientations on internodes and nodes for cutting force, energy, ultimate stress, and specific energy of corn stalks. The corn stalks cutting force-displacement characteristics were found to differ with orientation, and internode and node material difference. Overall, the peak failure force, and the total cutting energy of internodes and nodes varied significantly (P < 0.05) with stalk cross-sectional area. The specific energy values (total energy per unit cut area) of dry corn stalk internodes ranged from 11.3 to 23.5 kN m_1, and nodes from 8.6 to 14.0 kN m_1. The parallel orientation (along grain) compared to perpendicular (across grain) produced a significant reduction of the cutting stress and the specific energy to one tenth or better for internodes, and to about one-fifth for nodes.

Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 17 Soybean Oil Processing Byproducts and Their Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 17 Soybean Oil Processing Byproducts and Their Utilization Processing eChapters Processing 3C7A766EAA5954C5254E686584271014 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf ...

156

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of Soybean Oil and Protein  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of Soybean Oil and Protein Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of S

157

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients\tChapter 2 Edible Soybean Products in the Current Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 2 Edible Soybean Products in the Current Market Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press ...

158

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 4 Soybean Saponins: Chemistry, Analysis, and Potential Health Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 4 Soybean Saponins: Chemistry, Analysis, and Potential Health Effects Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

159

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 9 Handling, Storage, and Transport of Crude and Crude Degummed Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 9 Handling, Storage, and Transport of Crude and Crude Degummed Soybean Oil Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter

160

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 6 Identification of Genes that Mediate Protection against Soybean Pathogens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 6 Identification of Genes that Mediate Protection against Soybean Pathogens Food Science Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Food Science & Technolo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 9 Value-Added Products from Extruding-Expelling of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 9 Value-Added Products from Extruding-Expelling of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press

162

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 15 Food Uses for Soybean Oil and Alternatives to Trans Fatty Acids in Foods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 15 Food Uses for Soybean Oil and Alternatives to Trans Fatty Acids in Foods Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science &

163

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Other Vegetable Oils as a Source of Edible Oil Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Other Vegetable Oils as a Source of Edible Oil Products eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Ot

164

An analysis of factors influencing wheat flour yield.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The cost of wheat is the largest input cost for a flour mill, and as a result, profitability in wheat flour milling is determined in… (more)

Mog, David L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Corn Plus Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plus Wind Farm Plus Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Corn Plus Wind Farm Facility Corn Plus Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner John Deere Wind Developer John Deere Wind Energy Purchaser N/a Location MN Coordinates 43.760635°, -94.149617° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.760635,"lon":-94.149617,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

166

Corn Belt Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corn Belt Energy Corporation Corn Belt Energy Corporation Place Illinois Utility Id 4362 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png INDUSTRIAL SUBSTATION RATE ("ISR") Industrial RATE 1 RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE Residential RATE 10 ELECTRIC HEAT FOR RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE Residential RATE 11 RESIDENTIAL & FARM SERVICE - INTERRUPTIBLE Residential RATE 12 RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICALLY HEATED APARTMENTS Residential

167

Take Notes from Corn Hybrid Plots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn harvest is slow to get going this year, with only 5 % of the state’s crop reported harvested as of 24 Sep (USDA-NASS, 25 Sep 2006). The causes of the slow start to harvest are slower than normal maturation of the grain (Fig 1), cool temperatures (slower grain drying), and muddy field conditions due to the continuing pattern of frequent rains. The slow pace of corn harvest coupled with the poor stalk quality in some fields (Nielsen, 2006) reminds us how spoiled we were with generally good harvest conditions of the past two seasons. But, that is not the point of this article. Fig. 1. Percent of Indiana’s corn crop that is rated “mature and safe from frost”, as of 24 Sep 2006. Data source: USDA-NASS. If rainy weather and soggy field conditions are keeping you from your own harvest, spend some of your down time to walk or re-walk neighborhood on-farm hybrid plots before they are harvested. Many of these trials are still “signed ” so that you can identify © 2006, Purdue UnivRL (Bob) Nielsen Page 2 9/27/2006 the seed company and their hybrid numbers. Record notes on hybrid characteristics such as ear height, ear size, completeness of kernel set, husk coverage, standability, and

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATION REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION (DOW CORNING) FOR AN ADVANCED  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSIDERATION CONSIDERATION REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION (DOW CORNING) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC22-96PC96050-W(A)-96-026, CH-0915 The Petitioner, Dow Corning, was awarded this cooperative agreement in response to an unsolicited proposal for the engineering scale development of a process for the conversion of natural gas to methyl chloride. The Petitioner was selected based on its past experience in identifying an oxyhydrochlorination catalyst and separation process for this conversion. The initial phase of this work was performed under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22- 91PC91030. The Contracting Officer has found that the provisions of the 1992 Energy Policy Act P.L. 102-486 apply to this cooperative agreement and that the cost sharing requirement of

169

Microscopic Analysis of Corn Fiber Using Corn Starch- and Cellulose-Specific Molecular Probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethanol is the primary liquid transportation fuel produced from renewable feedstocks in the United States today. The majority of corn grain, the primary feedstock for ethanol production, has been historically processed in wet mills yielding products such as gluten feed, gluten meal, starch, and germ. Starch extracted from the grain is used to produce ethanol in saccharification and fermentation steps; however the extraction of starch is not 100% efficient. To better understand starch extraction during the wet milling process, we have developed fluorescent probes that can be used to visually localize starch and cellulose in samples using confocal microscopy. These probes are based on the binding specificities of two types of carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs), which are small substrate-specific protein domains derived from carbohydrate degrading enzymes. CBMs were fused, using molecular cloning techniques, to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) or to the red fluorescent protein DsRed (RFP). Using these engineered probes, we found that the binding of the starch-specific probe correlates with starch content in corn fiber samples. We also demonstrate that there is starch internally localized in the endosperm that may contribute to the high starch content in corn fiber. We also surprisingly found that the cellulose-specific probe did not bind to most corn fiber samples, but only to corn fiber that had been hydrolyzed using a thermochemical process that removes the residual starch and much of the hemicellulose. Our findings should be of interest to those working to increase the efficiency of the corn grain to ethanol process.

Porter, S. E.; Donohoe, B. S.; Beery, K. E.; Xu, Q.; Ding, S.-Y.; Vinzant, T. B.; Abbas, C. A.; Himmel, M. E.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Maximizing the enzymic saccharification of corn stover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. agricultural residues, wood, municipal solid waste, tree and yard t gs, sewage sludge, and waste paper) comprises three major components: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It can contain as much as 75% polysaccharide; thus, biomass has considerable potential as a fermentation feedstock. Corn stover represents an especially important resource because it is the single largest source of agricultural residue in the United States. The best method to obtain fermentable sugars from biomass is by enzymic saccharification. Before biomass can be effectively saccharified, some pretreatment is required. Calcium hydroxide (Eme) is an effective pretreatment agent for corn stover and is less expensive and easier to recover than other alternatives. The reconunended process conditions for treating corn stover are 4 h at 120 'C using 0. 075 g Ca(OH)2/g dry biomass and 5 g H20/g dry biomass. The maximum sugar yield bv enzymic hydrolysis (25 FPU ceflulase/g dry biomass, 50 'C, 7 days) of pretreated corn stover is 88.0% of the glucose and 88.1% of the total sugars. The recommended enzyme loading is IO FPU ceUulase/g dry biomass. Tween 20 and Tween 80 are effective at improving the enzymic saccharification of corn stover. The recommended loading of Tween is 0. 15 g Tween/g dry biomass; the loading, rather than the concentration, is the critical parameter. Adding Tween to the hydrolytic medium increases the maximum sugar yield to I 00% and 94.8% of the glucose and 97.4% and 93.3 % of the total sugars for Tween 20 and Tween 80, respectively. Tween also reduces the recommended enzyme loading to 3 FPU ceflulase/g dry biomass. The action of Tween is three-fold: (1) Time profiles show that enzymes remain active at higher temperatures in the presence of Tween. (2) Kinetic analyses show that, although the theoretical maximum hydrolysis rate is unchanged by Tween, the adsorption and coverage parameters, a and c, in the HCH-1 model are reduced which results in higher effective hydrolysis rates. (3) The maximum enzymic digestion, which is independent of enzyme effects, is higher with Tween. Thus, the action of Tween is a combination of surfactant, enzyme effector, and fignoceflulose matrix disrupter.

Kaar, William Edward

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Prenova & Owens Corning Teaming Presentation- Using Service and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentation- Using Service and Product Providers to Leverage Your Energy Efforts: PrenovaOwens Corning Energy Process Optimization Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us...

172

Modernizing the handling of ear corn. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the project was to modernize the handling of ear corn. The corn was picked with a three row JD 300 picker pulled by a tractor. Pulled behind the picker was a side dump wagon with a capacity of 150 bushels of ear corn. When the dump wagon was full, a grain truck was driven along side of the wagon and the dump wagon, controlled by the tractor driver, was emptied into the truck. After two dumps of the wagon, the truck was driven to the storage area. The storage area consisted of ten (ten) 2000 bushel corn cribs set in a semi circle so that the elevator that filled the cribs could be moved from one crib to the next without changing the fill point. At the storage area, the truck full of corn was dumped into the platform feeder. By using a platform feeder to feed the elevator, all ten (10) cribs could be filled without moving it. After the harvest was complete, the corn remains in the cribs until needed for feed or until the corn is sold. During the time that the corn remains in the cribs, the turbine ventilator draws air through the corn and dries it.

Kleptz, C.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Prediction of corn tortilla textural quality using stress relaxation methods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Feasibility of the stress relaxation technique which has a strong potential for texture characterization of dough and food products, was evaluated with both corn masa… (more)

Guo, Zhihong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

Properties of Carbonized Corn Straw as Thermal Insulating ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Properties of Carbonized Corn Straw as Thermal Insulating Agent of Liquid Metal by Nan Wang, Min Chen, Yang Wang, Weiwei Leng, Yulong ...

176

Corn and Palmer amaranth interactions in dryland and irrigated environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Palmer amaranth is a competitive weed and has caused variable corn yield losses in diverse environments of Kansas. The objectives of this study were to… (more)

Rule, Dwain Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Alternative 2010 Corn Production Scenarios and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantity of U.S. corn used for domestic ethanol production has grown rapidly in recent years, driven by mandated production levels of renewable biofuels, tax

Scott Irwin; Darrel Good

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10-46214 August 2009 Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State of Technology Model D. Humbird and A. Aden National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole...

179

Corn Belt Energy Corporation- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Corn Belt Energy Corporation (CBEC), in association with the Wabash Valley Power Association, provides its customers with the "Power Moves" energy efficiency rebate program. Through this program,...

180

Microsoft PowerPoint - Prenova_OwensCorning_Teaming_Presentation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solution to Owens Corning's North American facilities for: *Energy Supply Management *Energy Price Risk Management *Energy Process Optimization *Bill Payment and Data...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Nuclear...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Nuclear Corp Inc Sylvania Laboratories - NY 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SYLVANIA CORNING NUCLEAR CORP., INC., SYLVANIA LABORATORIES (NY.07) Eliminated from consideration under...

182

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research...

183

Yield, quality components and nitrogen levels of silage corn fertilized with urea and zeolite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and N fertilization affect corn silage yield and quality. Jand the nitrogen status of corn. J Prod Agric. 1991;4:525-and nitrogen effects on corn silage. Agron. J. ___, Kalonge

Bernardi, Alberto C. de Campos; Souza, Gilberto Batista de; Polidoro, José Carlos; Paiva, Paulo Renato Perdigão; Monte, Marisa Bezerra de Melo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Market Effect of a Food Scare: The Case of Genetically Modified StarLink Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outweigh the direct effect on corn prices. In retrospect,76. Gadsby, M.C. “StarLink Corn Containment Program” AventisStarLink: Impacts on the U.S. Corn Market and World Trade. ”

Carter, Colin A.; Smith, Aaron

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Yield and nitrogen levels of silage corn fertilized with urea and zeolite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an increase in DM production of corn. Urea has been the mosturea-N is used to fertilized corn, especially on acid soils.levels of nitrogen of silage corn fertilized with urea and

Bernardi, Alberto C. de Campos; Souza, Gilberto Batista de; Polidoro, José Carlos; Paiva, Paulo Renato Perdigão; Monte, Marisa Bezerra de Melo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

From Communications and Innovation, To Business Organization and Territory The Production Networks of Swift Meat Packing and Dell Computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flour & Total Grain Wheat Corn and Flour Source: 1860 CensusCommodities (1852-56) Flour (barrels) Wheat (bushels) Corn (

Fields, Gary

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Corn production with perennial ground covers: evaluation of cover species and their effects on corn growth and development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of perennial ground covers (PGC) in corn production may offer a long term and ecological solution to soil conservation issues while allowing the… (more)

Flynn, Ernest Scott

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Wheat Ridge Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheat Ridge Solar Wheat Ridge Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Wheat Ridge Solar Name Wheat Ridge Solar Address 4550 Teller St Place Wheat Ridge, Colorado Zip 80033 Sector Solar Product Design and installation of solar systems for residential and small business Website http://www.wheatridgesolar.com Coordinates 39.779472°, -105.076426° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.779472,"lon":-105.076426,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Alternative Controls for Helicoverpazea on Sweet Corn: Phytotoxicity and Pollination Inhibition from Direct Silk Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Helicoverpa zea, Boddie (corn earworm) is an important pest of sweet corn in New England. Conventional management of this pest is achieved through repeated applications… (more)

Jackson, Tori Lee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Characterization of the Impact of Process Variables on the Densification of Corn Stover.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The bulk density of corn stover poses a major obstruction to its large scale viability as a biomass feedstock. Corn stover has a low bulk… (more)

Thoreson, Curtis Peder

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Formulating N recommendations for corn in the corn belt using recent data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making N rate recommendations for corn has been one of the most economically important goals of publicly funded crop production and soil fertility personnel and programs over the past five decades. Changes in cropping systems, hybrids, tillage, and other management practices, along with opportunities in site-specific inputs and awareness of the need to minimize the amount of N

Emerson D. Nafziger; John E. Sawyer; Robert G. Hoeft

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Improved Multivariate Calibration Models for Corn Stover Feedstock and Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied rapid calibration models to predict the composition of a variety of biomass feedstocks by correlating near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic data to compositional data produced using traditional wet chemical analysis techniques. The rapid calibration models are developed using multivariate statistical analysis of the spectroscopic and wet chemical data. This work discusses the latest versions of the NIR calibration models for corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover. Measures of the calibration precision and uncertainty are presented. No statistically significant differences (p = 0.05) are seen between NIR calibration models built using different mathematical pretreatments. Finally, two common algorithms for building NIR calibration models are compared; no statistically significant differences (p = 0.05) are seen for the major constituents glucan, xylan, and lignin, but the algorithms did produce different predictions for total extractives. A single calibration model combining the corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover samples gave less satisfactory predictions than the separate models.

Wolfrum, E. J.; Sluiter, A. D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Impact of Agricultural Biotechnology on Supply and Land-Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic impact of bt corn in the philippines. Philippineheat? evidence from us corn and soybean yields. Technicalthe main GE crops- cotton, corn, and soybeans. We find that

Barrows, Geoffrey; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion from soybean to corn ethanol production in theproduced in the US: corn ethanol and soybean biodiesel. USDAdifferent fuels such as corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol,

Sperling, Daniel; Farrell, Alexander

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion from soybean to corn ethanol production in theproduced in the US: corn ethanol and soybean biodiesel. USDAdifferent fuels such as corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used on farms, such as gasoline, diesel, LP gas (LPG), natural gas, and electricity, for the production of corn ethanol utilizing the latest survey of U.S. corn producers and the 2001 U.S. survey of ethanol in manufacturing and marketing nitrogen fertilizer, (3) improving the quality of estimates for energy used

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

197

Corn Stover for Bioethanol -- Your New Cash Crop?  

SciTech Connect

Biomass ethanol technology is still developing and important questions need to be answered about corn stover removal, but prospects are excellent for you to someday be able to harvest and sell a substantial portion of your stover for fuel production--without hurting your soil or main corn grain operation.

Brown, H.

2001-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

198

Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics  

SciTech Connect

Background: Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB) is a comprehensive all-inclusive web resource for soybean translational genomics. SoyKB is designed to handle the management and integration of soybean genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics data along with annotation of gene function and biological pathway. It contains information on four entities, namely genes, microRNAs, metabolites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods: SoyKB has many useful tools such as Affymetrix probe ID search, gene family search, multiple gene/ metabolite search supporting co-expression analysis, and protein 3D structure viewer as well as download and upload capacity for experimental data and annotations. It has four tiers of registration, which control different levels of access to public and private data. It allows users of certain levels to share their expertise by adding comments to the data. It has a user-friendly web interface together with genome browser and pathway viewer, which display data in an intuitive manner to the soybean researchers, producers and consumers. Conclusions: SoyKB addresses the increasing need of the soybean research community to have a one-stop-shop functional and translational omics web resource for information retrieval and analysis in a user-friendly way. SoyKB can be publicly accessed at http://soykb.org/.

Joshi, Trupti; Patil, Kapil; Fitzpatrick, Michael R.; Franklin, Levi D.; Yao, Qiuming; Cook, Jeffrey R.; Wang, Zhem; Libault, Marc; Brechenmacher, Laurent; Valliyodan, Babu; Wu, Xiaolei; Cheng, Jianlin; Stacey, Gary; Nguyen, Henry T.; Xu, Dong

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Biodiesel profitability and linkages to the soybean oil market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the relationship between soybean oil and biodiesel markets in the US through a structural model and a time-series econometric model. A conceptual… (more)

Zahran, Hala

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Adapting to Climate: The Transformation of North American Wheat Production 1839-2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Wheat lines having a flour yield of one percentage point or greater below that of USG 3209 would ............................................................................................. 3 Barley and Wheat Entries, Blacksburg, VA, 2008 harvest. #12;2 Section 2: Wheat Varieties Discussion of wheat varieties and summary

Silver, Whendee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Classifiers fusion in recognition of wheat varieties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five wheat varieties (Bezostaja, Çesit1252, Da?das, Gerek, Kiziltan traded in Konya Exchange of Commerce, Turkey), characterized by nine geometric and three colour descriptive features have been classified by multiple classier system where ...

Sarunas Raudys; Ömer Kaan Baykan; Ahmet Babalik; Vitalij Denisov; Antanas Andrius Bielskis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Development of geothermally assisted process for production of liquid fuels and chemicals from wheat straw  

SciTech Connect

The effects of variations in autohydrolysis conditions on the production of fermentable sugars from wheat straw are investigated. Both the direct production of sugar from the autohydrolysis of hemicellulose and the subsequent yield from the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose are considered. The principal parameters studied were time, temperature, and water/fiber weight ratio; however, the effects of adding minor amounts of phenol and aluminum sulfate to the autohydrolysis charge were also investigated. A brief study was made of the effects of two major parameters, substrate concentration and enzyme/substrate ratio, on the sugar yield from enzymatic hydrolysis of optimally pretreated straw. The efficiency with which these sugars could be fermented to ethanol was studied. In most cases experiments were carried out using distilled water; however, the effects of direct use of geothermal water were determined for each of the major steps in the process. An appendix to the body of the report describes the results of a preliminary economic evaluation of a plant designed to produce 25 x 10/sup 6/ gallons of ethanol per year from wheat straw using the best process conditions determined in the above work. Also appended are the results from a preliminary investigation of the applicability of autohydrolysis technology to the production of fermentable sugars from corn stover.

Murphy, V.G.; Linden, J.C.; Moreira, A.R.; Lenz, T.G.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A traceability system incorporating 2D barcode and RFID technology for wheat flour mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wheat flour undergoes several processing steps in its transformation from raw wheat in the mill, which differentiates wheat flour from other farm products. At each step, various wheat sources are combined into one batch of wheat flour. This study primarily ... Keywords: 2D barcode, RFID, Supply chain, Traceability, Wheat flour

Jian-Ping Qian; Xin-Ting Yang; Xiao-Ming Wu; Li Zhao; Bei-Lei Fan; Bin Xing

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Classification of Bidens in wheat farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bidens pilosa L. (commonly known as cobbler's peg) is an annual broad leaf weed widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world and is reported to be a weed of 31 crops, including wheat. Automatic detection of Bidens in ... Keywords: Bidens pilosa L, automatic detection, classification, cobbler', colour-based segmentation, precision agriculture, s peg, sensing, shape-based validation, weed detection, wheat farms

Zhengzhi Zhang; Sarath Kodagoda; David Ruiz; Jayantha Katupitiya; Gamini Dissanayake

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Processing of Soybean Oil into Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Abundant and easily refined, petroleum has provided high energy density liquid fuels for a century. However, recent price fluctuations, shortages, and concerns over the long term supply and greenhouse gas emissions have encouraged the development of alternatives to petroleum for liquid transportation fuels (Van Gerpen, Shanks et al. 2004). Plant-based fuels include short chain alcohols, now blended with gasoline, and biodiesels, commonly derived from seed oils. Of plant-derived diesel feedstocks, soybeans yield the most of oil by weight, up to 20% (Mushrush, Willauer et al. 2009), and so have become the primary source of biomass-derived diesel in the United States and Brazil (Lin, Cunshan et al. 2011). Worldwide ester biodiesel production reached over 11,000,000 tons per year in 2008 (Emerging Markets 2008). However, soybean oil cannot be burned directly in modern compression ignition vehicle engines as a direct replacement for diesel fuel because of its physical properties that can lead to clogging of the engine fuel line and problems in the fuel injectors, such as: high viscosity, high flash point, high pour point, high cloud point (where the fuel begins to gel), and high density (Peterson, Cook et al. 2001). Industrial production of biodiesel from oil of low fatty-acid content often follows homogeneous base-catalyzed transesterification, a sequential reaction of the parent triglyceride with an alcohol, usually methanol, into methyl ester and glycerol products. The conversion of the triglyceride to esterified fatty acids improves the characteristics of the fuel, allowing its introduction into a standard compression engine without giving rise to serious issues with flow or combustion. Commercially available biodiesel, a product of the transesterification of fats and oils, can also be blended with standard diesel fuel up to a maximum of 20 vol.%. In the laboratory, the fuel characteristics of unreacted soybean oil have also been improved by dilution with petroleum based fuels, or by aerating and formation of microemulsions. However, it is the chemical conversion of the oil to fuel that has been the area of most interest. The topic has been reviewed extensively (Van Gerpen, Shanks et al. 2004), so this aspect will be the focus in this chapter. Important aspects of the chemistry of conversion of oil into diesel fuel remain the same no matter the composition of the triglyceride. Hence, although the focus in this book is on soybean oil, studies on other plant based oils and simulated oils have occasional mention in this chapter. Valuable data can be taken on systems that are simpler than soybean based oils, with fewer or shorter chain components. Sometimes the triglycerides will behave differently under reaction conditions, and when relevant, these have been noted in the text. Although the price of diesel fuel has increased, economical production of biodiesel is a challenge because of (1) the increasing price of soybean oil feedstocks and reagent methanol, (2) a distributed supply of feedstocks that reduces the potential for economies of scale, (3) processing conditions that include pressures and temperatures above ambient, and (4) multiple processing steps needed to reduce contaminant levels to ASTM specification D6751 limits (Vasudevan & Briggs 2008). Much of the cost of biodiesel production is related to the conversion of the oil to the methyl ester and so there has been an emphasis to research improved methods of converting soybean oil to biodiesel. However, most of these studies have taken place at the bench scale, and have not demonstrated a marked improvement in yield or reduced oil-to-methanol ratio in comparison with standard base-catalyzed transesterification. One aspect that has a short term chance of implementation is the improvement of the conversion process by the use of a continuous rather than batch process, with energy savings generated by combined reaction and separation, online analysis, and reagent methanol added by titration as needed to produce ASTM specification grade fuel. By adapting process intensif

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Factors affecting viscosity changes in corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn meals with known differences were tested using the Rapid Visco Analyzer. Various tests included the effect of solid concentration, effect of heating rate, effect of particle size, effect of Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and effect of heating rate, holding temperature and CMC. Differences were found to exist between meals from different crop years which were not attributable to particle size. When tested at 13, 15 and 17% solids, new meal consistently developed viscosity earliest. Aged meal consistently developed the least amount of viscosity. At 17% solids, a distinct peak was formed by new meal. When heated at various heating rate (2, 7 and 14'C/min), the slowest heating rate developed a distinct peak. New meal consistently developed viscosity earliest. Aged meal developed the least amount of viscosity. As particle size decreased, viscosity increased. The addition of various amounts of CMC showed significant differences in viscosity at 95'C. CMC changed the order of highest viscosity and masked differences in peak time. When testing heating rate, holding time and addition of CMC, 95'C was found to develop viscosity to a greater degree than 70'C. Holding temperature did not have a significant effect and CMC masked differences between samples and produced unusual curves. Whole and decorticated corns were stored for various lengths of time at 60, 50, 22 and 6'C. Density decreased over time when stored at elevated temperatures. Hardness values increased, indicating a softer grain. However, this is more likely an indicator of brittleness. Decorticated grains developed higher viscosity. Pericarp acts as a diluent. Peak temperature increased with storage at elevated temperature. Density, hardness, peak viscosity and peak temperature were found to be the most significant indicators measured.

McGill, Kendra Louise

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Supplementation with xylanase and beta-xylosidase to reduce xylo-oligomer and xylan inhibition of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and pretreated corn stover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pretreatment technologies to corn stover. Bioresourcerelationship to features of corn stover solids produced byexplosion treatment of corn stover. Appl Biochem Biotech

Qing, Qing; Wyman, Charles E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION METALLURGICAL LABORATORY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION METALLURGICAL LABORATORY BAYSIDE, NEW YORK Work performed by the Health and Safety Research Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 March 1980 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION for the DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY as part of the Formerly Utilized Sites-- Remedial Action Program SYLVANIA-CORNING NUCLEAR CORPORATION METALLURGICAL LABORATORY BAYSIDE, NEW YORK At the request of the Department of Energy (DOE), a preliminary survey was performed at the former Sylvania-Corning Nuclear Corporation in Bayside, New York (see Fig. l), on November 29, 1977, to assess the radiological status of those facilities uti 7 Commission (AEC) contract during the 1950s. _ _ ._. __

209

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities, Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities, Limitations and Consequences Speaker(s): Michael Carnall Date: August 30, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose The use of corn based ethanol as a supplement or replacement of motor fuel gasoline has many champions as well as detractors. In this presentation I attempt to separate hype from facts and wishful thinking from realistic forecasts. The production of corn based ethanol has physical limits based on land required to grow its primary input. It also has economic limits based on the cost of inputs relative to the cost of the fuel it replaces and the value of the environmental and other benefits its use may provide. By exploring these limits and the likely consequences of

210

Similarity Moisture Dew Profiles within a Corn Canopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of dewfall and dewrise to a corn canopy has been estimated over 7 nights by using the Bowen ratio energy balance technique and the soil diffusivity technique, respectively.

A. F. G. Jacobs; W. A. J. van Pul; A. van Dijken

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Alternative 2011 Corn Production, Consumption, and Price Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

corn crop was nearly a billion bushels smaller than early season forecasts. The shortfall reflected a below-trend average yield of 152.8 bushels, 11.9 bushels below the record average yield of 2009. In addition to a smaller than expected crop, corn consumption during the first half of the 2010-11 marketing year was larger than forecast at the start of the year, reflecting a large increase in the amount of corn used for ethanol production. The USDA projects corn use for ethanol production during the 2010-11 marketing year that started on September 1, 2010 at 4.95 billion bushels, 382 million bushels more than used last

Darrel Good; Scott Irwin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Climatology of Tropical System Rainfall on the Eastern Corn Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the frequency of greater than 2.54 cm (1 in) daily rainfall totals averaged within a climate division (CD) associated with tropical systems that moved through the Eastern Corn Belt region during the growing season. These ...

Alex Haberlie; Kari Gale; David Changnon; Mike Tannura

213

Corn Belt Energy Coop- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Corn Belt Energy, through the Wabash Valley Power Association, offers business, school, and farm customers a variety of energy efficient rebates and incentives through its "Power Moves" program....

214

Drought increases price of corn, reduces profits to ethanol ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Drought conditions in Midwestern states have reduced expectations for the amount of corn that may be harvested in 2012, and contributed to a 35% rise in the price of ...

215

Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farmer owned investment and management team which developed and manages the Pine Lake ethanol plant. References Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

216

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities, Limitations and Consequences Speaker(s): Michael Carnall Date: August 30, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122...

217

Drought has significant effect on corn crop condition, projected ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The corn crop in the affected region is a main feedstock for ethanol, ... out of a total supply of 14.2 billion ... Farmers took advantage of the relatively warm ...

218

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 5 Overview of Modern Soybean Processing and Links Between Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 5 Overview of Modern Soybean Processing and Links Between Processes Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press 0B362A41DAA1ADC03A75EEA4F01CF187 AOCS Press ...

219

Greenhouse gases in the corn-to-fuel ethanol pathway.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has applied its Greenhouse gas, Regulated Emissions and Energy in Transportation (GREET) full-fuel-cycle analysis model to examine greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of corn-feedstock ethanol, given present and near-future production technology and practice. On the basis of updated information appropriate to corn farming and processing operations in the four principal corn- and ethanol-producing states (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and Nebraska), the model was used to estimate energy requirements and GHG emissions of corn farming; the manufacture, transportation to farms, and field application of fertilizer and pesticide; transportation of harvested corn to ethanol plants; nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated cornfields; ethanol production in current average and future technology wet and dry mills; and operation of cars and light trucks using ethanol fuels. For all cases examined on the basis of mass emissions per travel mile, the corn-to-ethanol fuel cycle for Midwest-produced ethanol used in both E85 and E10 blends with gasoline outperforms conventional (current) and reformulated (future) gasoline with respect to energy use and GHG production. Also, GHG reductions (but not energy use) appear surprisingly sensitive to the value chosen for combined soil and leached N-fertilizer conversion to nitrous oxide. Co-product energy-use attribution remains the single key factor in estimating ethanol's relative benefits because this value can range from 0 to 50%, depending on the attribution method chosen.

Wang, M. Q.

1998-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

220

Corn Stover Availability for Biomass Conversion: Situation Analysis  

SciTech Connect

As biorefining conversion technologies become commercial, feedstock availability, supply system logistics, and biomass material attributes are emerging as major barriers to the availability of corn stover for biorefining. While systems do exist to supply corn stover as feedstock to biorefining facilities, stover material attributes affecting physical deconstruction, such as densification and post-harvest material stability, challenge the cost-effectiveness of present-day feedstock logistics systems. In addition, the material characteristics of corn stover create barriers with any supply system design in terms of equipment capacity/efficiency, dry matter loss, and capital use efficiency. However, this study of a large, square-bale corn stover feedstock supply system concludes that (1) where other agronomic factors are not limiting, corn stover can be accessed and supplied to a biorefinery using existing bale-based technologies, (2) technologies and new supply system designs are necessary to overcome biomass bulk density and moisture material property challenges, and (3) major opportunities to improve conventional-bale biomass feedstock supply systems include improvements in equipment efficiency and capacity and reducing biomass losses in harvesting and collection and storage. Finally, the backbone of an effective stover supply system design is the optimization of intended and minimization of unintended material property changes as the corn stover passes through the individual supply system processes from the field to the biorefinery conversion processes.

J. Richard Hess; Kevin L. Kenney; Christopher T. Wright; Robert Perlack; Anthony Turhollow

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Corn stover availability for biomass conversion: situation analysis  

SciTech Connect

As biorefining conversion technologies become commercial, feedstock availability, supply system logistics, and biomass material attributes are emerging as major barriers to the availability of corn stover for biorefining. While systems do exist to supply corn stover as feedstock to biorefining facilities, stover material attributes affecting physical deconstruction, such as densification and post-harvest material stability, challenge the cost-effectiveness of present-day feedstock logistics systems. In addition, the material characteristics of corn stover create barriers with any supply system design in terms of equipment capacity/efficiency, dry matter loss, and capital use efficiency. However, analysis of a conventional large square bale corn stover feedstock supply system concludes that (1) where other agronomic factors are not limiting, corn stover can be accessed and supplied to a biorefinery using existing bale-based technologies, (2) technologies and new supply system designs are necessary to overcome biomass bulk density and moisture material property challenges, and (3) major opportunities to improve conventional bale biomass feedstock supply systems include improvements in equipment efficiency and capacity and reducing biomass losses in harvesting, collection, and storage. Finally, the backbone of an effective stover supply system design is the optimization of intended and minimization of unintended material property changes as the corn stover passes through the individual supply system processes from the field to the biorefinery conversion processes.

Hess, J. Richard [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Kenney, Kevin L. [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Wright, Christopher [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow, Jr., Anthony [ORNL

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Corn-to-Ethanol Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant The Illinois Ethanol Research Advisory Board manages and operates the

223

Genetic Diversity and Grain Protein Composition of Tetraploid Wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wheat flour. This is the first characterization of the linear viscoelastic behaviour over such a wide frequency range. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Wheat flour doughs of dough [12]. Since breadmak- ing flours in North America are typically made from grists of stronger wheat

224

Automatic detection of wheat flour precision based on Image processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to efficient, objective and comprehensive assessment of wheat flour processing accuracy, this paper introduces a new method to detect the wheat flour processing precision; it uses wheat flour three features of Whiteness, color, bran to design ... Keywords: ant colony algorithm, color feature, fuzzy C-means, fuzzy recognition

Liu YanLi; Zhang HongMei; Wang TieJian

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Wheat quality evaluation methods to predict wheat flour tortilla production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial wheat flours from Canada, Mexico, and USA were evaluated to determine their processing ability for tortillas. All 64 flours were evaluated by sedimentation, moisture, protein, pH, and color. Doughs were evaluated by mixograph, farinograph, subjective dough properties, and stress relaxation. All flours were prepared into tortillas using a standardized tortilla bake test while some of the flours were prepared into tortillas using an optimized tortilla bake test, i.e., optimized for resting time to attain a uniform diameter. Tortillas were evaluated by weight, diameter, color, pH, moisture, and shelf stability. Flours that yielded easily machinable doughs that processed easily into tortillas which have long shelf stability were viewed as desirable. The flours were divided into weak, intermediate, and strong protein strength flours based on mixograph analysis. Both bake tests produced good quality tortillas. The standardized bake test was able to differentiate the flours, i.e., tortilla tortilla diameter, weight, moisture content, and storage stability. Strong protein strength flours produced significantly tougher doughs and tortillas with smaller diameters. Weak protein strength flours produced doughs that required less resting time and tortillas with a short shelf stability, i.e., tortillas cracked after 5 days of storage. Intermediate protein strength flours yielded optimum dough viscosity and elasticity and tortillas with good shelf stability. Intermediate protein strength flours met the criteria and processed more easily into wheat flour tortillas. Tortilla flour specifications utilized by manufacturers impart information to the miller for the production of the desired flours. Tortilla bake tests provide additional information that supplements information received from normal flour evaluation methods. Wide access distributed area network services are increasing in range and capacity at an exponential rate. With the continuation of this growth, the requirements of providing uniform security management will become more and more difficult to manage without occupying a significant portion of the network traffic capability available to the end-users the network is intended to service. Current methods rely on the network architecture itself to provide the mechanisms by which traffic is monitored and, when the situation warrants, suppressed in order to ensure that security methods are enforced. With the introduction of ATM/SONET technologies into this arena, the possibility of integrating every class of information service into a common transmission framework comes closer to reality through its high bandwidth capability and very large scalability. However, this expansion of types of services available and range offered complicates the task of minimizing the possibility that unauthorized persons may rely on covert traffic creation and reception in order to use the network in a manner not permitted by its controlling bodies. To address this deficiency, this thesis presents the groundwork for the implementation of a dedicated security framework which should be able to accomplish the task of minimizing the potential for covert channels in such networks without creating the associated traffic overhead normally associated with such operations within the network itself. For this security framework, the system described presents a design which incorporates both the mechanisms for the detection and suppression of covert traffic, as well as, the implementation by which these mechanisms may be linked to a unifying control authority. Performance analyses of the design show that it may be feasibly implemented with current levels of semiconductor manufacturing technology and incorporates elements that are readily available on the market. Secondly, these analyses show that the associated response delay experienced by transiting network traffic is n-minimal with respect to the overall time the information spends while en route through the network. Thirdly, the delays associated with connection management are constant under all glob

Sullins, Barbie Denise

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 9 Implementing a Uniform Process for Measurement of Soybean Quality Traits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 9 Implementing a Uniform Process for Measurement of Soybean Quality Traits Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels -

227

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 7 Tissue-Specific Regulation of Gene Expression by siRNAs in Soybean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 7 Tissue-Specific Regulation of Gene Expression by siRNAs in Soybean Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Biopro

228

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 10 Characterization of the Linkage Group I Seed Protein QTL in Soybean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 10 Characterization of the Linkage Group I Seed Protein QTL in Soybean Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Biop

229

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 5 Genes and Alleles for Quality Traits on the Soybean Genetic/Physical Map  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 5 Genes and Alleles for Quality Traits on the Soybean Genetic/Physical Map Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels -

230

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 3 Advances in Genome Sequencing and Genotyping Technology for Soybean Diversity Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 3 Advances in Genome Sequencing and Genotyping Technology for Soybean Diversity Analysis Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels -

231

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsCh 15 High-Oleic, Low-Saturate Soybeans Offer a Sustainable and Nutritionally Enhanced Solution for Food Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Ch 15 High-Oleic, Low-Saturate Soybeans Offer a Sustainable and Nutritionally Enhanced Solution for Food Applications Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Bi

232

Assessing Corn Stover Composition and Sources of Variability via NIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn stover, the above-ground, non-grain portion of the crop, is a large, currently available source of biomass that potentially could be collected as a biofuels feedstock. Biomass conversion process economics are directly affected by the overall biochemical conversion yield, which is assumed to be proportional to the carbohydrate content of the feedstock materials used in the process. Variability in the feedstock carbohydrate levels affects the maximum theoretical biofuels yield and may influence the optimum pretreatment or saccharification conditions. The aim of this study is to assess the extent to which commercial hybrid corn stover composition varies and begin to partition the variation among genetic, environmental, or annual influences. A rapid compositional analysis method using near-infrared spectroscopy/partial least squares multivariate modeling (NIR/PLS) was used to evaluate compositional variation among 508 commercial hybrid corn stover samples collected from 47 sites in eight Corn Belt states after the 2001, 2002, and 2003 harvests. The major components of the corn stover, reported as average (standard deviation) % dry weight, whole biomass basis, were glucan 31.9 (2.0), xylan 18.9 (1.3), solubles composite 17.9 (4.1), and lignin (corrected for protein) 13.3 (1.1). We observed wide variability in the major corn stover components. Much of the variation observed in the structural components (on a whole biomass basis) is due to the large variation found in the soluble components. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the harvest year had the strongest effect on corn stover compositional variation, followed by location and then variety. The NIR/PLS rapid analysis method used here is well suited to testing large numbers of samples, as tested in this study, and will support feedstock improvement and biofuels process research.

Templeton, D. W.; Sluiter, A. D.; Hayward, T. K.; Hames, B. R.; Thomas, S. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Comparison of corn and lupin in respect to As mobilisation, uptake and release in an arsenic contaminated floodplain soil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particular Fe(hydr)oxides. For corn, mobilisation of P V wasorganic anions compared to corn (Dinkelaker et al. , 1989;susceptible to As V toxicity. Corn growth is not reduced in

Vetterlein, Doris; Jahn, Reinhold; Mattusch, Jürgen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Net Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol. An Economic Researchoutputs of corn wet milling are corn sweeteners and ethanol.Both corn sweeteners and ethanol are made from the starch in

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Bt vs. non-Bt corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids: effect on degradation of corn stover in soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A billion tons per year of genetically modified corn residues are soil incorporated having both direct and indirect effects on the belowground environment, soil carbon (C) sequestration, and nutrient cycling. If Bt genetic modification has non-target effects on corn stover structural/non-structural carbohydrate and nitrogen (N) concentrations, then the degradation rate of Bt-corn stover may be different than that of non-Bt isolines, possibly influencing soil C storage and N mineralization. Thus, this research focused primarily on the comparison of C and N mineralization of corn stover in soil as affected by Bt-trait, plant portion, water-availability and HFC-trait; and secondarily on the existence of Bt-related variations in the chemical structure of corn residues that might affect the degradation rate of stover in soil and consequently the soil C and N dynamics. A laboratory experiment was conducted under non-limiting N conditions with stover of Bt/non-Bt isogenic pairs of two varieties, a ?high fermentable corn? (HFC) line harvested at Snook, Texas and a non-HFC corn line harvested at the irrigated field of Snook and the non-irrigated field of College Station, Texas. The stover was partitioned into three plant portions, incorporated into a Weswood soil and incubated during 223 days. Results showed that the differences observed in the degradation in soil of Bt vs. non-Bt corn stover were dependent on environmental conditions (irrigated vs. non-irrigated settings) and hybrid variety (HFC vs. non-HFC hybrid lines). The structural composition of corn plants was affected by the Bt-trait, HFC-trait, irrigation and their interactions. Variations in the biomass fractions of the initial stover of Bt and non-Bt hybrids had minimum to non-impact on soil C and N concentrations measured at the end of the 223-day incubation period. Lignin concentration was affected by a Bt-trait*variety interaction. There were no significant differences in lignin concentration between non-Bt/Bt-corn derived stovers of the non-HFC variety irrespective of irrigation regime but Bt-hybrids of the HFC variety contained more than twice as much lignin as the non-Bt isogenic plants. The effects of higher lignin concentration on C mineralization rate appeared to be offset by an increased lignin degradability inherent in HFC-trait. Overall, results indicated that the cultivation of Bt-modified maize lines is not likely to have significant effects on soil C or N dynamics compared with the cropping of non-Bt hybrids.

Salvatore, Herminia T.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Soil Hydraulic Properties Influenced by Corn Stover Removal from No-Till Corn in Ohio.  

SciTech Connect

Corn (Zea mays L.) stover removal for biofuel production and other uses may alter soil hydraulic properties, but site-specific information needed to determine the threshold levels of removal for the U.S. Corn Belt region is limited. We quantified impacts of systematic removal of corn stover on soil hydraulic parameters after one year of stover management under no-till (NT) systems in three soils in Ohio including Rayne silt loam (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Typic Hapludult) at Coshocton, Hoytville clay loam (fine, illitic, mesic Mollic Epiaqualfs) at Hoytville, and Celina silt loam (fine, mixed, active, mesic Aquic Hapludalfs) at South Charleston. Interrelationships among soil properties and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) predictions were also studied. Earthworm middens, Ksat, bulk density (?b), soil-water retention (SWR), pore-size distribution, and air permeability (ka) were determined for six stover treatments including 0 (T0), 25 (T25), 50 (T50), 75 (T75), 100 (T100), and 200 (T200) % of corn stover corresponding to 0, 1.25, 2.50, 3.75, 5.00, and 10.00 Mg ha-1 of stover, respectively. Stover removal reduced the number of middens, Ksat, SWR, and ka at all sites (P<0.01). Complete stover removal reduced earthworm middens by 20-fold across sites, decreased geometric mean Ksat from 6.3 to 0.1 mm h-1 at Coshocton, 3.2 to 0.3 mm h-1 at Hoytville, and 5.8 to 0.6 mm h-1 at Charleston, and increased ?b in the 0- to 10-cm depth by about 15% relative to double stover plots. The SWR for T100 was 1.3 times higher than that for T0 at 0 to -6 kPa. The log ka for T200, T100, and T75 significantly exceeded that under T50, T25, and T0 at Coshocton and Charleston. Measured parameters were strongly correlated, and ka was a potential Ksat predictor. Stover harvesting at rates above 1.25 Mg ha-1 affects soil hydraulic properties and earthworm activity, but further monitoring is needed to ascertain the threshold levels of stover removal.Corn (Zea mays L.) stover removal for biofuel production and other uses may alter soil hydraulic properties, but site-specific information needed to determine the threshold levels of removal for the U.S. Corn Belt region is limited. We quantified impacts of systematic removal of corn stover on soil hydraulic parameters after one year of stover management under no-till (NT) systems in three soils in Ohio including Rayne silt loam (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Typic Hapludult) at Coshocton, Hoytville clay loam (fine, illitic, mesic Mollic Epiaqualfs) at Hoytville, and Celina silt loam (fine, mixed, active, mesic Aquic Hapludalfs) at South Charleston. Interrelationships among soil properties and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) predictions were also studied. Earthworm middens, Ksat, bulk density (?b), soil-water retention (SWR), pore-size distribution, and air permeability (ka) were determined for six stover treatments including 0 (T0), 25 (T25), 50 (T50), 75 (T75), 100 (T100), and 200 (T200) % of corn stover corresponding to 0, 1.25, 2.50, 3.75, 5.00, and 10.00 Mg ha-1 of stover, respectively. Stover removal reduced the number of middens, Ksat, SWR, and ka at all sites (P<0.01). Complete stover removal reduced earthworm middens by 20-fold across sites, decreased geometric mean Ksat from 6.3 to 0.1 mm h-1 at Coshocton, 3.2 to 0.3 mm h-1 at Hoytville, and 5.8 to 0.6 mm h-1 at Charleston, and increased ?b in the 0- to 10-cm depth by about 15% relative to double stover plots. The SWR for T100 was 1.3 times higher than that for T0 at 0 to -6 kPa. The log ka for T200, T100, and T75 significantly exceeded that under T50, T25, and T0 at Coshocton and Charleston. Measured parameters were strongly correlated, and ka was a potential Ksat predictor. Stover harvesting at rates above 1.25 Mg ha-1 affects soil hydraulic properties and earthworm activity, but further monitoring is needed to ascertain the threshold levels of stover removal.

Blanco-Canqui, H.; Lal, Rattan; Post, W. M.; Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Shipitalo, M. J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Supplementation with xylanase and beta-xylosidase to reduce xylo-oligomer and xylan inhibition of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and pretreated corn stover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or first- generation corn ethanol [1]. However, the inherentof fossil fuels or corn ethanol [3]. Advances in current

Qing, Qing; Wyman, Charles E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Soil fertility and soil loss constraints on crop residue removal for energy production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of the methodologies used to estimate the soil fertility and soil loss constraints on crop residue removal for energy production is presented. Estimates of excess residue are developed for wheat in north-central Oklahoma and for corn and soybeans in central Iowa. These sample farming situations are analyzed in other research in the Analysis Division of the Solar Energy Research Institute.

Flaim, S.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

PURDUE UNIVERSITY COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE WEST LAFAYETTE, IN 47907 PURDUE PESTICIDE PROGRAMSPURDUE PESTICIDE PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the significant role of pesticides in maintaining a high quality of life. We must acknowledge that the effective of modern pesticide chemistry is to produce pesticides that are effective in smaller quanti- ties, more to be economically viable, the pesticide must be used commercially for one or more major crops (corn, soybeans, wheat

240

MBI Biorefinery: Corn to Biomass, Ethanol to Biochemicals and Biomaterials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project is a continuation of DOE-funded work (FY02 and FY03) that has focused on the development of the ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) pretreatment technology, fermentation production of succinic acid and new processes and products to enhance dry mill profitability. The primary objective for work beginning in April 2004 and ending in November 2005 is focus on the key issues related to the: (1) design, costing and construction plan for a pilot AFEX pretreatment system, formation of a stakeholder development team to assist in the planning and design of a biorefinery pilot plant, continued evaluation of corn fractionation technologies, corn oil extraction, AFEX treatment of corn fiber/DDGs; (2) development of a process to fractionate AFEX-treated corn fiber and corn stover--cellulose and hemicellulose fractionation and sugar recovery; and (3) development of a scalable batch succinic acid production process at 500 L at or below $.42/lb, a laboratory scale fed-batch process for succinic acid production at or below $.40/lb, a recovery process for succinic acid that reduces the cost of succinic acid by $.02/lb and the development of an acid tolerant succinic acid production strain at lab scale (last objective not to be completed during this project time period).

None

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Anaerobic Digestion of Corn Ethanol Thin Stillage for Biogas Production in Batch and By Downflow Fixed Film Reactor .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn thin stillage (CTS) offers the potential to reduce corn grain ethanol production energy consumption. This thesis focuses on results collected… (more)

Wilkinson, Andrea

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 13, 2010 January 13, 2010 Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for Improving Biodiesel, Disease Resistance, and Reducing Waste Runoff WALNUT CREEK, CA-Soybean, one of the most important global sources of protein and oil, is now the first legume species with a published complete draft genome sequence. The sequence and its analysis appear in the January 14 edition of the journal Nature. The research team comprised 18 institutions, including the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Purdue University and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The DOE, National Science Foundation, USDA and United Soybean Board supported the research. helix made of soybeans

243

Spatializing Growth Suitability for Spring Soybean Cultivation in Northeast China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an integrated indicator-based system is established to map the suitability of spring soybean cultivation in northeast China. The indicator system incorporates both biophysical and socioeconomic factors, including the effects of ...

Yingbin He; Dongmei Liu; Yanmin Yao; Qing Huang; Jianping Li; Youqi Chen; Shuqin Shi; Li Wan; Shikai Yu; Deying Wang

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization Processing eChapters Processing 81943467C17B3A3777C6CE0F66BC8C03 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 11 Neutralization ...

245

IMPACT OF HIGH-INPUT PRODUCTION PRACTICES ON SOYBEAN YIELD.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??High-input management practices are often heavily marketed to producers to increase soybean [Glycine max (L) Merr.] yield in already high-yielding environments. Field research was conducted… (more)

Jordan, Daniel L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effects of corn stover as carbon supplement on an integrated anaerobic digestion and ethanol fermentation process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated anaerobic digestion (AD) and ethanol fermentation process on a mixed feedstock of dairy manure and corn stover was performed to investigate the influence of corn stover on biogas production

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois) Corn Belt Energy Coop - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Project: $0.06 per kWh reduced or 50% of project cost, up to $50,000 Program Info State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Cooled Unitary Packaged AC/Split Systems: $60 - $75/ton Air Source Heat Pumps: $60 - $75/ton Geothermal Heat Pumps: $60 - $75/ton Packaged Terminal Heat Pump: $50/ton Room A/C: $20 Air Economizer: $150 - $180 Night Covers: $6 Programmable Thermostat: $20 - $25

248

Cellulase Accessibility of Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect

The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) The dilute-acid pretreatment reduces xylan content in corn stover. This reduction in xylan content appears to render the substrate less recalcitrant. Below {approx}8%, xylan content is no longer the dominant factor in biomass recalcitrance. (2) Decreasing xylan content of corn stover also created more binding sites for Cel7A, but no strong correlation with actual xylan content. (3) We found no correlation between bound Cel7A concentration and lignin content. Maybe lignin is blocking the way for Cel7A? The contribution of lignin to biomass recalcitrance requires further investigation.

Jeoh, T.; Johnson, D. K.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Measurement of Porosity in Dilute Acid Pretreated Corn Stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conclusions of this report are: (1) pretreated corn stover appeared to have more accessible pore volume than raw corn stover; (2) solute exclusion method--differences in the pore volume were not detectable due to the high variability of the measurements; (3) thermoporosimetry--differences in pore volume between pretreated samples were not observed despite the low variability of the measurement and a good correction was found between unfrozen water at 240K and xylan content; and (4) porosity measurements showed no correlation between ethanol yields and the volume accessible to an enzyme size probe, for this sample set.

Ishizawa, C.; Davis, M. F.; Johnson, D. K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Study on Corn Production Prediction in Heilongjiang Province Based on Support Vector Machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper uses the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm to study the prediction of corn production in Heilongjiang province, forms the sample set with the 1991-2008 data in Heilongjiang province, and set up the SVM model between factors and corn production. ... Keywords: corn production, support vector machine, prediction

Zhu Jing; Fan Yadong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The effects of added wheat proteins on processing and quality of wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specific proteins improve quality of flour for breadmaking but protein composition in tortilla flour has not been investigated. Selected wheat protein fractions can separately modify dough resistance and extensibility. This may yield tortillas with increased diameter, opacity and stability. Tortillas were prepared using laboratory-scale, commercial equipment with fixed processing parameters. Dough and tortilla properties were evaluated using a texture analyzer and subjective methods. Tortillas were stored in plastic bags at 22?C for 28 days. The effects of ten wheat proteins (donated by Midwest Grain Products, Inc; at 3.0 baker's percent) on processing and quality of flour tortillas were determined. Mixograph parameters varied but were not significantly affected by added wheat proteins. Dough absorption, mixing time, and cysteine level were adjusted slightly to attain uniform dough for tortillas. Wheat protein fractions added to pastry, tortilla and bread flours did not significantly affect tortilla weight, moisture, pH, opacity or specific volume, except for glutenin and vital wheat gluten, which decreased opacity in pastry flour tortillas. Protein fractions yielding improved tortilla properties and stability were FP600, FP6000, FP5000 and Gliadin in pastry and tortilla flour. Addition levels of selected wheat proteins were evaluated in weak protein tortilla formulas. Addition of 1% FP5000 or PF6000 improved tortilla stability. Calcium peroxide was added to the formula to better incorporate added protein fractions in a reduced-oxidized dough system. A combination of 7.5 ppm calcium peroxide with 1% Gliadin resulted in tortillas with improved shelf stability. Bread-making quality of wheat flour is correlated with the insoluble polymeric protein fraction. The insoluble polymeric proteins in flour correlated with smaller diameter and improved rollability score at 12 days of storage for tortillas made from different wheat flours. The insoluble proteins correlated only with tortilla stability for tortillas prepared with added wheat protein fractions to flours with different protein strengths. Several wheat protein fractions improve storage stability of tortillas, while retaining good tortilla properties. This was not related to the insoluble protein amount; however the more insoluble proteins in flour caused smaller diameter tortillas.

Pascut, Simina

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Generation of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accumulating heterologous endo-xylanase or ferulic acid esterase in the endosperm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Delcour, J.A. (2005) Wheat flour constituents: how theybaking properties of wheat flour opposed to the beneficial

Harholt, Jesper

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Effects of Variations in High Molecular Weight Glutenin Allele Composition and Resistant Starch on Wheat Flour Tortilla Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tortilla sales are projected to exceed 9.5 billion by 2014. However, currently no wheat cultivars have been identified that possess the intrinsic quality attributes needed for the production of optimum quality tortillas. Tortillas made with refined wheat flour low in dietary fiber (DF) are popular in the United States due to their sensory properties. This study explored the use of wheat lines (WL) possessing variations in high molecular weight glutenin allele sub-units (HMW-GS) for production of tortillas and also investigated the use of corn based resistant starches (RS), type II (RS2) and wheat based RS type IV (RS4) to increase DF in tortillas. Tortillas were made with 0-15 percent RS and 100 percent whole white wheat (WW). Flour protein profiles, dough, and tortilla properties were evaluated to determine the effects of the allelic variations and RS substitution on tortilla quality. Sensory properties of tortillas with RS were determined. Variations in HMW-GS composition significantly affected the protein quality and tortilla properties. Flour from WL possessing allelic combinations (2*, 17+18, 7, 2+12), (1, 17+18, 5+10), (2*, 17, 2+12) and (1, 2*, 17+18, 2+12) had 12.8-13.3 percent protein. These WL had extensible doughs and produced large diameter tortillas with superior (greater than or equal to 3.0) flexibility after 16 days compared to control. However, WL with (17+18 and 5+10) and (2*, 17+7, 5) produced extensible doughs, large, but less flexible, tortillas compared to control. WL with (2*,17+18,5+10) and (1,2*,7+9,5+10) produced smaller diameter tortillas, but with superior flexibility compared to control. RS2, WW, and cross-linked-pre-gelatinized RS4 (FiberRite) produced hard, less-extensible doughs and thinner tortillas compared to control, due to high water absorption. Cross-linked RS4 (Fibersym) dough and tortillas were comparable to control. 15 percent of RS2 and RS4 increase DF in control to 6 and 14 percent respectively, compare to control (2.8 percent DF). WW tortillas were less acceptable than control in appearance, flavor and texture, while tortillas with 15 percent Fibersym had higher overall acceptability than control. RS2 negatively affected dough machinability and tortilla shelf stability. However, 15 percent RS4 improved the DF in refined flour tortillas to meet FDA's "good source of fiber claim," without negatively affecting dough/tortilla quality.

Jondiko, Tom Odhiambo

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

An Iterative Regression Model for Estimating Soybean Yields from Environmental Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model was developed for using weather data, to estimate the yields of soybeans for varieties adapted to the central United States. The model utilized an iterative regression analysis for relating soybean yields to environmental variables. This ...

Andres C. Ravelo; Wayne L. Decker

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8.10 -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway Geek-Up10.08.10 -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway October 8,...

256

Modeling Soybean Rust Spore Escape from Infected Canopies: Model Description and Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asian soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi, an airborne fungal pathogen, is an annual threat to U.S. soybean production. The disease is spread during the growing season by fungal spores that are transported from warm southern locations ...

David Andrade; Zaitao Pan; William Dannevik; Jeremy Zidek

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 19 Soy Protein Products, Processing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 19 Soy Protein Products, Processing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nu

258

Nutritionally Enhanced Edible Oil and Oilseed ProcessingChapter 3 Isoflavones in Soybean Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nutritionally Enhanced Edible Oil and Oilseed Processing Chapter 3 Isoflavones in Soybean Processing Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Isoflavones in Soybean Processing from the b

259

Fearmonger Alert: Freeze Injury Potential for Early-Planted Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn planting has been proceeding at a record pace in Indiana thus far in the 2004 growing season. Reasonably warm soil temperatures throughout April have also encouraged faster emergence than usually occurs with such early-planted corn. Such early planting and emergence of corn is always at higher calendar risk of injury by frost events or lethal cold temperatures. Of these two risk factors, lethal cold temperature is the more worrisome one since a corn plant’s growing point region is relatively protected from the effects of simple frost while it remains below the soil surface. Lethal cold temperatures (28F or less) can penetrate the upper inch or two of soil, especially dry surface soils, and kill plant tissue directly, including coleoptiles and growing points. Non-lethal injury by cold temperatures may cause deformed elongation of the mesocotyl or physical damage to the coleoptile in nonemerged seedlings, resulting in the proverbial “cork-screw ” symptom and subsequent leafing out underground. Air temperatures in northern areas of Indiana dipped to the low 30’s early in the morning of 3 May, with lower-lying areas likely less than 30F. Given the risk of frost or chilling

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Greenhouse gas emissions related to ethanol produced from corn  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report confers the details of a panel meeting discussion on greenhouse gases. The topic of this discussion was ethanol. Members discussed all aspects of growing corn and producing ethanol. Then the question was raised as to whether or not this is a suitable substitute to fossil fuel usage in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Marland, G.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Can Delignification Decrease Cellulose Digestibility in Acid Pretreated Corn Stover?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has previously been shown that the improved digestibility of dilute acid pretreated corn stover is at least partially due to the removal of xylan and the consequent increase in accessibility of the cellulose to cellobiohydrolase enzymes. We now report on the impact that lignin removal has on the accessibility and digestibility of dilute acid pretreated corn stover. Samples of corn stover were subjected to dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment with and without simultaneous (partial) lignin removal. In addition, some samples were completely delignified after the pretreatment step using acidified sodium chlorite. The accessibility and digestibility of the samples were tested using a fluorescence-labeled cellobiohydrolase (Trichoderma reesei Cel7A) purified from a commercial cellulase preparation. Partial delignification of corn stover during dilute acid pretreatment was shown to improve cellulose digestibility by T. reesei Cel7A; however, decreasing the lignin content below 5% (g g{sup -1}) by treatment with acidified sodium chlorite resulted in a dramatic reduction in cellulose digestibility. Importantly, this effect was found to be enhanced in samples with lower xylan contents suggesting that the near complete removal of xylan and lignin may cause aggregation of the cellulose microfibrils resulting in decreased cellulase accessibility.

Ishizawa, C. I.; Jeoh, T.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K.; Davis, M. F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol #12;Outline · Production processes for each source of biofuel · Potential for environmental impacts · Comparative results · Conclusions #12;Definitions Biofuel: clean fuel made from animal and plant fats and tissues (Hollebone, 2008) Ethanol

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

263

Crop-Hail Damage in the Midwest Corn Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop-hail damage in the ten Midwest corn belt states is examined during the period 1957–81. Estimates of crop losses due to hail are made from hail insurance data for each state and each significant crop in the region. The crop-hail losses are ...

Harry J. Hillaker Jr.; Paul J. Waite

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The effect of flaxseed hulls on expanded corn meal products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brown flaxseed hulls were added to de-germed corn meal and processed into extrudates with acceptable texture and increased nutritional benefits. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls to a corn based expanded snack increases the dietary fiber, alpha omega 3 fatty acids, and antioxidants levels. The addition of flaxseed hulls to a corn based snack can increase its susceptibility to oxidative rancidity which can limit shelf life. Whole ground tannin sorghum with added brown flaxseed hulls was processed into extrudates and texture, antioxidant activity, and stability were evaluated. Brown flaxseed hulls were mixed with de-germed yellow corn meal in ratios of 0:100, 15:85, 20:80, and 25:75 (w/w) and extruded with 12 and 15% feed moistures using a twin screw extruder to produce direct expanded extrudates. Expansion of extrudates containing brown hulls decreased as the amount of hulls increased. Dried extrudates had acceptable flavor immediately after processing. Total phenols and antioxidant activity of extrudates containing 20 and 25% brown flaxseed hulls, extruded at 15% feed moisture were higher than de-germed corn meal extruded at 16% feed moisture. Brown flaxseed hulls were added at 20% to whole ground white and sumac (tannin) sorghums and processed into extrudates. Expansion increased for sorghum extrudates containing brown flaxseed hulls. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls increased antioxidant activity and total phenols of both white and sumac (tannin) extrudates. The sumac (tannin) extrudates had the longest delay in producing off odor (paintlike odor) and had the lowest p-Anisidine values compared to white (ATX631x RTX 436) sorghum and corn meal with added flaxseed hulls. Corn meal extrudates with 20% brown flaxseed hulls produce off odors more rapidly than other extrudates. This suggests that the tannins in sorghum maybe extending shelf life because of their antioxidant activity. The addition of brown flaxseed hulls can be used to increase nutritional value and antioxidant levels in a direct expanded product. Also the use of tannins sorghums in products containing flaxseed may help delay oxidation, thus preventing the occurrence of off odors. Further work needs to be done to verify results.

Barron, Marc Edward

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Effects of Feeding Insect-Protected Corn and Corn Residue to Cattle, and Evaluation of Distillers Grains Storage when Mixed with Crop Residue on Cattle Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research has been conducted on genetically modified corn fed to livestock since the introduction of insect resistant hybrids. While the overwhelming conclusion of these trials… (more)

Weber, Barry

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Nucleotide diversity maps reveal variation in diversity among wheat genomes and chromosomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as: Akhunov et al. : Nucleotide diversity maps revealvariation in diversity among wheat genomes and chromosomes.wheat [16]. Levels of diversity in the T. aestivum D genome

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Integrated nutrient managment for sustainable production of sorghum-wheat crop sequeence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Sorghum-(Sorghum bicolor) – Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.of the systems. More over sorghum-wheat crop sequence is an

Bhale, Vilas Madhukar Dr.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

* SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the heavily instrumented Central Facility served as the primary source of information about cloud and carbon feedbacks. * Little Washita Watershed - located in a mix of pasture land and winter wheat, three carbon fux towers and associ ated instruments were added at this site. Two additional fux towers were located at Fort Cobb, in nearby croplands,

269

Particle size distributions of ground corn and DDGS from dry grind processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT. Ethanol production has increased in the past decade as a result of growth in the dry grind industry. In the dry grind process, the first step is grinding of corn. The particle size of the resulting ground corn can affect the fermentation process and the particle size of dried distillers ’ grains with solubles (DDGS), a coproduct of dry grind processing. Few data are available that characterize particle size distributions of ground corn or DDGS. The objective was to determine particle size distributions of ground corn and DDGS. Samples of ground corn and DDGS were obtained from nine dry grind plants; particle size distribution, geometric mean diameter (dgw) and geometric standard deviation (Sgw) were determined. The dgw of ground corn and of DDGS were not different among processing plants. The overall mean dgw of ground corn was not different from that of DDGS. Most of the ground corn (80 g/100 g) and DDGS (70 g/100 g) were recovered in the three largest particle size categories. The particle size distributions of ground corn were not correlated (r Corn, DDGS, Distillers dried grains with solubles, Ethanol. Corn is processed into ethanol by one of two major processes: dry grinding or wet milling. Wet milling is more complex than dry grinding because fiber and germ components are separated; this requires considerable equipment and capital. In the dry grind process,

K. D. Rausch; R. L. Belyea; M. R. Ellersieck; V. Singh; D. B. Johnston; M. E. Tumbleson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill on corn yield and heavy metal content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill, Khon Kaen Municipality, Thailand, on corn (Zea mays L.) yield and heavy metal content were studied. Field experiments with randomized complete block design with five treatments (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80% v/v of residues and soil) and four replications were carried out. Corn yield and heavy metal contents in corn grain were analyzed. Corn yield increased by 50, 72, 85 and 71% at 20, 40, 60 and 80% treatments as compared to the control, respectively. All heavy metals content, except cadmium, nickel and zinc, in corn grain were not significantly different from the control. Arsenic, cadmium and zinc in corn grain were strongly positively correlated with concentrations in soil. The heavy metal content in corn grain was within regulated limits for human consumption.

Prabpai, S. [Suphan Buri Campus Establishment Project, Kasetsart University, 50 U Floor, Administrative Building, Paholyothin Road, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)], E-mail: s.prabpai@hotmail.com; Charerntanyarak, L. [Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: lertchai@kku.ac.th; Siri, B. [Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: boonmee@kku.ac.th; Moore, M.R. [The University of Queensland, The National Research Center for Environmental Toxicology, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plans, Brisbane, Queensland 4108 (Australia)], E-mail: m.moore@uq.edu.au; Noller, Barry N. [The University of Queensland, Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, Brisbane, Queensland 4072 (Australia)], E-mail: b.noller@uq.edu.au

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Effect of enzyme application in temper water on wheat milling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effect of enzyme in temper water on wheat milling performance and flour quality was studied. Five independent variables, enzyme concentration, incubation time, incubation temperature,… (more)

Yoo, Juhyun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Texas AgriLIFE Research Wheat Cultivar Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas AgriLIFE Research Wheat Cultivar Development Jackie Rudd, Amir Ibrahim, Ravindra Devkota Through breeding efforts and better management practices, grain yield of wheat in Texas has increased from an average of 20 bushels per acre during the 1960's to 30 bushels per acre during the 1990's (Texas

273

STA'n:MENT OF CONSIDERAT IONS REQUEST BY CORNING J 'CORP ORA TED (CORNING) FOR AN ADV t\NCE WAIV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STA'n:MENT OF CONSIDERAT STA'n:MENT OF CONSIDERAT IONS REQUEST BY CORNING J 'CORP ORA TED (CORNING) FOR AN ADV t\NCE WAIV ER OF DOMESTIC AN D FOREIGN P ATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE A WARD 0 . DE-E£000575 7 W(A) 20 12-034 CORNING has req uested a waive r of domestic and fo reign patent rights for all subj ect in vent ions arising from its partjci pation und er the above-referenced awa rd entitled " Innovative Manufactw-ing of Protected Lithium Electrodes for UltraHi gh Energy Density Batteries." The award was made under the Innovative Manufacturing Initiati ve (DE-FOA-0000560). CORNING is a sub-recipient to PolyPfus Battery Company (Poly Plus), the prime recipi ent of the award. Johnson Controls Inc . is anothar sub-recipi ent under the award. This waiver only applies to CORNING. Johnson Control

274

City of Corning, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corning Corning Place Iowa Utility Id 4375 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Commercial All-Electric Commercial Residential Residential Residential All-Electric Residential Rural Commercial Commercial Rural Commercial All-Electric Commercial Rural Residential Residential Rural Residential All-Electric Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0977/kWh Commercial: $0.0974/kWh

275

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Plant - NY 19  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Plant - NY 19 Plant - NY 19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Sylvania-Corning, NY Alternate Name(s): Sylvania Electric Products, Inc. Sylvania Corp. NY.19-1 NY.19-4 Location: Cantiaque Road, Hicksville, Long Island, New York NY.19-5 Historical Operations: Pilot-scale production of powdered metal uranium slugs for AEC's Hanford reactor. NY.19-4 Eligibility Determination: Eligible Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NY.19-3 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to Sylvania-Corning, NY Historical documents may contain links which are no longer valid or to outside sources. LM can not attest to the accuracy of information provided by these links. Please see the Leaving LM Website page for more details.

276

Corn LP formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LP formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy LP formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Corn LP (formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy) Place Goldfield, Iowa Zip 50542 Product Bioethanol producer using corn as raw material Coordinates 37.707559°, -117.233459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.707559,"lon":-117.233459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Current and potential U.S. Corn Stover Supplies  

SciTech Connect

Agricultural residues such as corn (Zea mays L.) stover are a potential feedstock for bioenergy and bio-based products that could reduceU.S. dependence on foreign oil. Collection of such residues must take into account concerns that residue removal could increase erosion, reduce crop productivity, and deplete soil carbon and nutrients. This article estimates where and how much corn stover can be collected sustainably in the USA using existing commercial equipment and estimates costs of that collection. Erosion constraints to collection were considered explicitly, and crop productivity and soil nutrient constraints were considered implicitly, by recognizing the value of residues for maintaining soil moisture and including the cost of fertilizer to replace nutrients removed. Possible soil carbon loss was not considered in the analysis. With an annual production of 196 million Mg of corn grain (about9.2 billion bushels), the USA produces 196 million Mg of stover. Under current rotation and tillage practices, about 30% of this stover could be collected for less than $33 per Mg, taking into consideration erosion and soil moisture concerns and nutrient replacement costs. Wind erosion is a major constraint to stover collection. Analysis suggests three regions of the country (central Illinois, northern Iowa/southern Minnesota, and along the Platte River in Nebraska) produce sufficient stover to support large biorefineries with one million Mg per year feedstock demands and that if farmers converted to universal no-till production of corn, then over 100 million Mg of stover could be collected annually without causing erosion to exceed the tolerable soil loss.

Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Nelson, R [Kansas State University; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Sheehan, J. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Wright, Lynn L [subcontractor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Bioethanol Production Based on Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Wheat Straw  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential of wheat straw as raw materials for ethanol production was investigated. Ethanol cooking at 190 ? for 60 min was adopted as pretreatment method for dilute sulfuric acid impregnated wheat straw. The pretreated wheat straw was used ... Keywords: dilute sulfuric acid catalysis, ethanol cooking pretreatment, wheat straw, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, ethanol

Peng Luo; Zhong Liu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Compositional Analysis of Water-Soluble Materials in Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect

Corn stover is one of the leading feedstock candidates for commodity-scale biomass-to-ethanol processing. The composition of water-soluble materials in corn stover has been determined with greater than 90% mass closure in four of five representative samples. The mass percentage of water-soluble materials in tested stover samples varied from 14 to 27% on a dry weight basis. Over 30 previously unknown constituents of aqueous extracts were identified and quantified using a variety of chromatographic techniques. Monomeric sugars (primarily glucose and fructose) were found to be the predominant water-soluble components of corn stover, accounting for 30-46% of the dry weight of extractives (4-12% of the dry weight of feedstocks). Additional constituents contributing to the mass balance for extractives included various alditols (3-7%), aliphatic acids (7-21%), inorganic ions (10-18%), oligomeric sugars (4-12%), and a distribution of oligomers tentatively identified as being derived from phenolic glycosides (10-18%).

Chen, S. F.; Mowery, R. A.; Scarlata, C. J.; Chambliss, C. K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OWENS CORNING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LLC (OWENS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OWENS CORNING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LLC (OWENS OWENS CORNING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LLC (OWENS CORNING) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-EE0005436; W(A) 2011-065 OWENS CORNING has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights of the United States of America in all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Development and Productization of High-Efficiency, Low-Cost Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Shingles Using Monocrystalline Silicon Thin Film Solar Cells." OWENS CORNING is a sub-awardee under the cooperative agreement. Solexel Inc. is the prime awardee. This waiver only applies to subject inventions of OWENS CORNING. As described in the petition, the objective of the project funded by the cooperative

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Saccharification of corn fiber using enzymes from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1  

SciTech Connect

Crude enzyme preparations from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1 were characterized and tested for the capacity to saccharify corn fiber. Cultures grown on xylan, corn fiber, and alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP)-pretreated corn fiber produced specific levels of endoxylanase, amylase, protease, cellulose, and other activities. Using equal units of endoxylanase activity, crude enzymes from AHP-pretreated corn fiber cultures were most effective in saccharification. Multiple enzyme activities were implicated in this process. Pretreatment of corn fiber with AHP nearly doubled the susceptibility of hemicellulose to enzymatic digestion. Up to 138 mg xylose, 125 mg arabinose, and 490 mg glucose were obtained per g pretreated corn fiber under conditions tested. 31 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Leathers, T.D.; Gupta, S.C. [Dept. of Agriculture, Peoria, IL (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Microwave-Assisted Heterogeneous Catalytic Transesterification of Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel, as a renewable bioenergy, recently has been researched in regard to biodiesel products. In this study, soybean oil was converted to biodiesel with methanol using several heterogeneous catalysts, furthermore, the process by means of microwave ... Keywords: Biodiesel, Transesterification, Microwave, Heterogeneous

Ming-Chien Hsiao; Pei-Hung Liao; Hsiu-Ling Hsu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering The University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712 Email: patzek@mail.utexas.edu April 13, 2009 Abstract A proper First Law energy balance of the soybean biodiesel cycle shows that the overall efficiency of biodiesel production is 0.18, i.e., only 1 in 5 parts of the solar energy

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

284

Breakthrough Technologies Tnt1 Retrotransposon Mutagenesis: A Tool for Soybean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and nutrition. The products of soybean are widely used as vegetable oil and protein sources for hu- man of resources, including proteins, oils, mineral nutrients, and natural products, that impact hu- man health to be inactive in normal plant tissue but can be reactivated by tissue culture. Our goal was to evaluate

Parrott, Wayne

285

Lime pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources, such as lignocellulosic biomass, are environmentally friendly because they emit less pollution without contributing net carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Among lignocellulosic biomass, corn stover is a very useful feedstock to economically produce environmentally friendly biofuels. Corn stover was pretreated with an excess of calcium hydroxide (0.5 g Ca(OH)2/g raw biomass) in non-oxidative and oxidative conditions at 25, 35, 45, and 55oC. The optimal condition is 55oC for 4 weeks with aeration, determined by yields of glucan and xylan. The overall yields of glucose (g glucan hydrolyzed/100 g original glucan) and xylose (g xylan hydrolyzed/100 g original xylan) were 91.3 and 51.8 at 15 FPU/g cellulose, respectively. Furthermore, when considering the dissolved fragments of glucan and xylan in the pretreatment liquors, the overall yields of glucose and xylose were 93.2 and 79.5 at 15 FPU/g cellulose, respectively. The pretreatment liquor has no inhibitory effect on ethanol fermentation using Saccharomyces cerevisiae D5A. At the recommended condition, only 0.073 g Ca(OH)2 was consumed per g of raw corn stover. Under extensive delignification conditions, 87.5% of the initial lignin was removed. Extensive delignfication required oxidative treatment and additional lime consumption. Deacetylation quickly reached a plateau within 1 week. Delignification highly depended on temperature and the presence of oxygen. Lignin and hemicellulose were selectively removed, but cellulose was not affected by lime pretreatment in mild temperatures (25 ?? 55oC). The delignification kinetic models of corn stover were empirically determined by three simultaneous first-order reactions. The activation energies for the oxidative delignification were estimated as 50.15 and 54.21 kJ/mol in the bulk and residual phases, respectively. Crystallinity slightly increased with delignification because amorphous components (lignin, hemicellulose) were removed. However, the increased crystallinity did not negatively affect the 3-d sugar yield of enzyme hydrolysis. Oxidative lime pretreatment lowered the acetyl and lignin contents to obtain high digestibility, regardless of crystallinity. The enzymatic digestibility of lime-treated biomass was affected by the change of structural features (acetylation, lignification, and crystallization) resulting from the treatment. The non-linear models for 3-d hydrolysis yields of glucan and xylan were empirically established as a function of the residual lignin fraction for the corn stover pretreated with lime and air.

Kim, Se Hoon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Ecophysiology of dryland corn and grain sorghum as affected by alternative planting geometries and seeding rates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Previous work in the High Plains with alternative planting geometries of corn and grain sorghum has shown potential benefits in dryland production. Studies conducted in… (more)

Haag, Lucas A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Measuring Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Corn...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Corn Refining Industry Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and...

288

Farm-, Field-, and Plant-scale Effects on European Corn Borer Oviposition.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??New technologies and strategies in commodity agriculture result in higher yields and quality harvests. Corn, one of the most economically important crops in the United… (more)

Ellis, Katherine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fate of the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 during alkaline cooking of cultured and whole kernel corn.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fumonisins are Fusarium mycotoxins that are natural contaminants of corn. They are toxic to animals and consumption of contaminated foods, including tortillas, is a suspected… (more)

Burns, Tantiana Donata

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Corn and weed interactions with nitrogen in dryland and irrigated environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Corn yield potential is limited by water deficit stress and limited soil nitrogen. Field and greenhouse experiments were conducted near Manhattan, KS in 2005 and… (more)

Ruf, Ella Kathrene

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Yield and quality responses of corn silage genotypes under reduced irrigation in the Texas High Plains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Two main options exist for producers to optimize the production of corn silage in limited-irrigation systems. First, they can utilize best management practices to make… (more)

Spinhirne, Bruce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Impact of Recycling Stillage on Conversion of Dilute Sulfuric Acid Pretreated Corn Stover to Ethanol (Poster)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A description of methods and results from an experiment designed to assess the impact of process water recycle on corn stover-to-ethanol conversion process performance.

Mohagheghi, A.; Schell, D. J.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Characterization of Soil Amended with the By-Product of Corn Stover Fermentation  

SciTech Connect

Corn stover is a potential biofuel; however, removing this stover from the land may increase the risk of erosion and reduce soil organic matter.

Johnson,J.M.F; Reicosky, D; Sharratt, M; Lindstrom,M; Voorhees, W; Carpenter-Boggs,L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Enhancing dry-grind corn ethanol production with fungal cultivation and ozonation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Public opinion of the U.S. fuel ethanol industry has suffered in recent years despite record ethanol production. Debates sparked over the environmental impacts of corn… (more)

Rasmussen, Mary

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The impact of ethanol driven corn price on the cow-calf industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??After remaining stable for several decades, corn price has recently had unprecedented price increases and volatility. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) predicts an average… (more)

Warner, Marcella M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Phosphorus utilization from 32P-triple superphosphate by corn plants, as affected by green manures and nitrogen and phosphate fertilizer rates in cerrado (savannah) soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phosphate rock mixtures on corn growth. Scientia Agricola.the factors responsible for low corn crop yield, allied tothe amount of N applied to corn in Brazil is, in average, 60

Muraoka, Takashi; Silva, Edson Cabral da; Buzetti, Salatier; Alvarez V., Felipe Carlos; Franzini, Vinicius Ide

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alkali and Conventional Corn Wet-Milling: 100-g Procedures.for Starch Recovery from Corn. Illinois Marketing Board,the Net Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol. An Economic Research

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Techno-economic analysis of using corn stover to supply heat and power to a corn ethanol plant - Part 2: Cost of heat and power generation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a techno-economic analysis of corn stover fired process heating (PH) and the combined heat and power (CHP) generation systems for a typical corn ethanol plant (ethanol production capacity of 170 dam3). Discounted cash flow method was used to estimate both the capital and operating costs of each system and compared with the existing natural gas fired heating system. Environmental impact assessment of using corn stover, coal and natural gas in the heat and/or power generation systems was also evaluated. Coal fired process heating (PH) system had the lowest annual operating cost due to the low fuel cost, but had the highest environmental and human toxicity impacts. The proposed combined heat and power (CHP) generation system required about 137 Gg of corn stover to generate 9.5 MW of electricity and 52.3 MW of process heat with an overall CHP efficiency of 83.3%. Stover fired CHP system would generate an annual savings of 3.6 M$ with an payback period of 6 y. Economics of the coal fired CHP system was very attractive compared to the stover fired CHP system due to lower fuel cost. But the greenhouse gas emissions per Mg of fuel for the coal fired CHP system was 32 times higher than that of stover fired CHP system. Corn stover fired heat and power generation system for a corn ethanol plant can improve the net energy balance and add environmental benefits to the corn to ethanol biorefinery.

Mani, Sudhagar [University of Georgia; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Togore, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gallons annually of corn ethanol, 1 bil- lion gallons oflocations) and corn for ethanol, and oil palm, soybean andinvestment in corn-grain-based ethanol manufactur- ing in

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Apparent Digestible Protein, Energy, Phosphorus, and Amino Acid Availability of a Novel Strain of Soybean Meal for Juvenile Cobia, Rachycentron canadum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Apparent digestibility coefficient values of a novel strain of non-GMO soybean meal, Navita®, and an industry standard soybean meal (defatted soybean meal/roasted solvent-extracted), were evaluated… (more)

Davis, Drew A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

INTERSPECIFIC AND INTRASPECIFIC COMPETITION OF COMMON SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) IN FIELD CORN (ZEA MAYS L.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Common sunflower is a competitive annual native dicot found in disturbed areas, on roadsides, dry prairies, and in row crops. Common sunflower is a competitive weed, but little data exist on interference, economic impacts, and competition in field corn. Field studies were conducted in 2006 and 2007 to 1) define the density-dependent effects of common sunflower competition with corn; 2) define the necessary weed-free periods of common sunflower in corn; 3) evaluate common sunflower control with herbicides; 4) and define the economic impact of common sunflower interference with corn. Corn grain yield was significantly reduced when common sunflower densities reached 1 plant/m of row and potentitially damaging common sunflower densities occurred if allowed to compete for more than 2 to 4 wk after planting for maximum corn yield. No significant corn yield reduction occurred if common sunflowers emerged 8 wk after planting. Growing degree day (GDD) heat units for corn showed that the critical point for control of common sunflower was approximately 300 GDD. Atrazine applied PRE, atrazine followed by (fb) glyphosate or halosulfuron POST, glyphosate POST, halosulfuron POST, and halosulfuron plus nicosulfuron POST controlled >87% of common sunflower. Atrazine applied PRE in a 30-cm band, nicosulfuron POST, and atrazine broadcast plus S-metolachlor PRE showed significantly lower common sunflower control and corn grain yield, when compared to atrazine PRE fb glyphosate POST. Economic impact of one sunflower/6 m of crop row caused a yield loss of 293 kg/ha. Various corn planting densities showed that corn yield can be reduced 1990 kg/ha with common sunflower competition. Corn planting densities of 49400 and 59300 plants/ha provided the greatest net returns with or without the presence of common sunflower competition. The highest net returns occurred with no common sunflower competition in 2006 and 2007, at $3,046/ha and $2,687/ha, respectively, when net corn prices were $0.24/kg ($6.00/bu). Potential control costs of various herbicide treatments revealed net returns of $1,156 to $1,910/ha in 2006 and $1,158 to $1,943/ha in 2007. Determining the economic impact of common sunflower interference in field corn allows producers to estimate the overall net return based upon density and duration of common sunflower interference, while considering varying net corn prices, crop planting density, and herbicide application costs.

Falkenberg, Nyland R.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Phase II: Pilot-scale Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE)-supported corn fiber conversion project, “Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Phase II: Pilot-scale Operation” is to develop and demonstrate an integrated, economical process for the separation of corn fiber into its principal components to produce higher value-added fuel (ethanol and biodiesel), nutraceuticals (phytosterols), chemicals (polyols), and animal feed (corn fiber molasses). This project has successfully demonstrated the corn fiber conversion process on the pilot scale, and ensured that the process will integrate well into existing ADM corn wet-mills. This process involves hydrolyzing the corn fiber to solubilize 50% of the corn fiber as oligosaccharides and soluble protein. The solubilized fiber is removed and the remaining fiber residue is solvent extracted to remove the corn fiber oil, which contains valuable phytosterols. The extracted oil is refined to separate the phytosterols and the remaining oil is converted to biodiesel. The de-oiled fiber is enzymatically hydrolyzed and remixed with the soluble oligosaccharides in a fermentation vessel where it is fermented by a recombinant yeast, which is capable of fermenting the glucose and xylose to produce ethanol. The fermentation broth is distilled to remove the ethanol. The stillage is centrifuged to separate the yeast cell mass from the soluble components. The yeast cell mass is sold as a high-protein yeast cream and the remaining sugars in the stillage can be purified to produce a feedstock for catalytic conversion of the sugars to polyols (mainly ethylene glycol and propylene glycol) if desirable. The remaining materials from the purification step and any materials remaining after catalytic conversion are concentrated and sold as a corn fiber molasses. Additional high-value products are being investigated for the use of the corn fiber as a dietary fiber sources.

Abbas, Charles; Beery, Kyle; Orth, Rick; Zacher, Alan

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

303

An ABC transporter gene from Fusarium verticillioides, FvABC1, may confer tolerance to corn antimicrobial compounds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An ABC transporter gene, FvABC1, was cloned and sequenced from the corn pathogen Fusarium verticillioides in order to study non-degradative tolerance to corn antimicrobial compounds.… (more)

Palencia, Edwin Rene

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Prenova & Owens Corning Teaming Presentation- Using Service and Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentation- Using Service and Presentation- Using Service and Product Providers to Leverage Your Energy Efforts: Prenova/Owens Corning Energy Process Optimization Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing

305

Environmental Impacts of Stover Removal in the Corn Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When considering the market for biomass from corn stover resources erosion and soil quality issues are important to consider. Removal of stover can be beneficial in some areas, especially when coordinated with other conservation practices, such as vegetative barrier strips and cover crops. However, benefits are highly dependent on several factors, namely if farmers see costs and benefits associated with erosion and the tradeoffs with the removal of biomass. This paper uses results from an integrated RUSLE2/WEPS model to incorporate six different regime choices, covering management, harvest and conservation, into simple profit maximization model to show these tradeoffs.

Alicia English; Wallace E. Tyner; Juan Sesmero; Phillip Owens; David Muth

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Proton efflux from corn roots induced by tripropyltin  

SciTech Connect

Tripropyltin restores medium acidification by washed corn root tissue in which electrogenic H/sup +/ efflux has been blocked by ATPase inhibitors or injury. However, the restore H/sup +/ efflux is not electrogenic and will not drive K/sup +/ influx, and, by itself, tripropyltin is inhibitory to K/sup +/ influx. Tripropyltin elicits a 5-fold increase in endogenous chloride efflux, and Cl/sup -//OH/sup -/ exchange can, thus, account for the observed acidification of the medium. This explanation cannot be applied equally to the acidification produced by the K/sup +//H/sup +/ exchanging ionophore nigericin.

Chastain, C.J.; Hanson, J.B.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

12th Biennial conference on Cellular and Molecular Biology of Soybeans  

SciTech Connect

The 2008 meeting attracted ~350 academic and industrial representatives and was the capstone of the DOE-led sequencing of the soybean genome (published 2010 in Nature). Many of the talks focused on engineering of soybean for biodiesel production and how to protect soybean yield. Several of the plenary talks were focused on the newly available genome sequence and how to effectively capitalize on this investment.

Jackson, Scott A.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Predicting Large-Area Corn Yield with a Weighted Palmer Z-Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palmer's z-index, calculated to reflect only the planting-emergence and anthesis-grainfill stages of the growing season, is related with detrended corn yields to produce a predictive model for Illinois corn production. The model is evaluated to ...

Scott A. Isard; William E. Easterling

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Enzymatic Digestibility of Corn Stover Fractions in Response to Fungal Pretreatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn stover fractions (leaves, cobs, and stalks) were studied for enzymatic digestibility after pretreatment with a white rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. Among the three fractions, leaves had the least recalcitrance to fungal pretreatment and the lignin degradation reached 45% after 30 days of pretreatment. The lignin degradation of stalks and cobs was similar but was significantly lower than that of leaves (p corn cobs.

Cui, Z. F.; Wan, C. X.; Shi, J.; Sykes, R. W.; Li, Y. B.

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Comparative Detoxification of Vacuum Evaporation/Steam Stripping Combined with Overliming on Corn Stover Prehydrolyzate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tow kinds of physical methods, vacuum evaporation and steam stripping, combined with overliming (calcium hydroxide) were applied to remove inhibitors which were produced simultaneously during the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass. Corn stover was ... Keywords: vacuum evaporation, steam stripping, overliming, corn stover prehydrolyzate, detoxification

Jun-jun Zhu; Qiang Yong; Yong Xu; Shi-yuan Yu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Corn Ethanol Industry Process Data: September 27, 2007 - January 27, 2008  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This subcontract report supplies timely data on the historical make-up of the corn ethanol industry and a current estimate of where the industry stands. The subcontractor has also reported on the expected future trends of the corn ethanol dry grind industry.

BBI International

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

The effect of CO regulations on the cost of corn ethanol production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e MJ-1 by co-firing 20% biomass in its boiler system, incurring only a small change in production (e.g. raw starch hydrolysis and corn oil extraction, plus either CHP or biomass co-firing), and even (e.g. raw starch hydrolysis and corn oil extraction, plus either CHP or biomass co-firing), and even

Kammen, Daniel M.

313

Ethanol and Its Effect on the U.S. Corn Market: How the Price of E-85 Influences Equilibrium Corn Prices and Equilibrium Quantity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study analyzes the impact the market price of E-85 has on equilibrium price and quantity exchanged of corn in the U.S. market. After presenting… (more)

PINCIN, JARED

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Photo of the Week: Wheat and Wind | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wheat and Wind Wheat and Wind Photo of the Week: Wheat and Wind December 14, 2012 - 2:33pm Addthis From 262 feet in the air, 90 General Electric towers rise over Wheatland County, Montana, generating electricity for portions of the northwest United States. With an installed capacity of 135 MW, the Judith Gap Energy Center is one of the strongest wind farms in Montana. The blades begin spinning when winds reach just eight miles per hour, and at their highest point, tower almost 400 feet above the ground. In this photo, the wind turbines rotate while overlooking Wheatland County's main agricultural product: wheat. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Wind Energy Program. From 262 feet in the air, 90 General Electric towers rise over Wheatland County, Montana, generating electricity for portions of the northwest

315

Linear to Non-linear Rheology of Wheat Flour Dough  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an overview of transient extensional rheometry techniques for wheat flour doughs in which the deformation and material response is well defined. The behavior of a range of model doughs was

Ng, Trevor S.K.

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

316

A supply forecasting model for Zimbabwe's corn sector: a time series and structural analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Zimbabwean government utilizes the corn supply forecasts to establish producer prices for the following growing season, estimate corn storage and handling costs, project corn import needs and associated costs, and to assess the Grain Marketing Board's financial resource needs. Thus, the corn supply forecasts are important information used by the government for contingency planning, decision-making, policy-formulation and implementation. As such, the need for accurate forecasts is obvious. The objectives of the study are: (a) determine how changes in the government-established producer price affects the quantity of corn supplied to the Grain Marketing Board by the large-scale corn-producing sector and (b) whether including rainfall or rainfall probabilities into econometric models would result in an improvement of corn supply forecasts compared to current forecasts by the government. In order to accomplish the first objective a supply elasticity model was specified and estimated using ordinary least squares. This model is intended to provide 'de insight to the government regarding the influence of the government-established corn price and other related variables on corn supplied to the Grain Marketing Board by the large-scale producers. Thus, the estimated model would be useful to the government when establishing corn prices in March/April for production in the following growing season (October - February). To achieve the second objective, preliminary analysis was carried out to verify whether there is statistical evidence to support the hypothesis that rainfall cause" corn production and supply, and also corn prices and sales. Specifically the preliminary analysis involved using the Granger causality tests, stationarity tests and innovation accounting (impulse responses and forecast error decomposition). Having verified and quantified the causal effects of rainfall on corn production and supply, the next task was to investigate whether including rainfall and/or drought probabilities into forecasting econometric models would help provide improved out-of-sample forecasts compared to the government's forecasts. The forecasting accuracy of the models (short-run) was evaluated using standard statistical measures such as, the mean square error (MSE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPEI), improved mean absolute percentage error (IMAPE) and Theil's U-statistic, and thereupon select the best model. The results indicated that by incorporating rainfall and/or rainfall probabilities into econometric forecasting models, there was substantial improvement in corn supply forecasts. It follows that the the government would likely find it beneficial to incorporate the rainfall variable into their forecasting effort.

Makaudze, Ephias

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 6 Extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 6 Extraction Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 6 Extraction from ...

318

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 16 Interesterification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 16 Interesterification Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 16 Interesterification from ...

319

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines from

320

Hard Spring Wheat Variety Descriptions Resistance To2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Hard Spring Wheat Variety Descriptions Resistance To2 Quality Factors Straw Stem Leaf Foliar Head; S =susceptible; VS =very susceptible; NA = data not available. #12;2 Hard White Spring Wheat Descriptions HWS 36.6 35.7 58.4 15.0 14.7 Kanata HWS 35.5 35.5 60.0 15.9 15.6 LSD 5% -- 3.2 -- 1.4 0.8 -- HWS-Hard

Dyer, Bill

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermentation Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value Jonathan R. Mielenz a,b, * , John S. Bardsley a,c , Charles E. Wyman a,d a Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, United States b BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, United States c Mascoma Corporation, Lebanon, NH 03766, United States d Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92507, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 August 2008 Received in revised form 11 February 2009 Accepted 11 February 2009 Available online 27 March 2009 Keywords: Ethanol SSF Biomass Agricultural residue Animal feed a b s t r a c t Soybean hulls were evaluated as a resource for production of ethanol by the simultaneous saccharifica- tion and fermentation (SSF) process, and no pretreatment

322

Affordable Resins and Adhesives From Optimized Soybean Varieties (ARA Program)  

SciTech Connect

The Mission of the ARA Program was to develop the Corporate Infrastructure to mass-produce new bio-based materials from Soybeans. The resins were integrated with the bio-fuels program. (1) to research, develop, and commercialize low cost adhesives and resins from soy oil and protein, the co-products of the soy bio-diesel process. (2) to study structure-functionality of soy oil and proteins at molecular and genomic levels

Dr. Richard WOol; Dr. X. Susan Sun; Rich Chapas

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

323

Fly ash as a liming material for corn production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fly ash produced as a by-product of subbituminous coal combustion can potentially serve as an alternative liming material without negatively affecting corn (Zea mays L.) production in areas where use of conventional liming materials can be uneconomical due to transportation costs. A study was conducted to determine if fly ash produced from the Nebraska Public Power District Gerald Gentleman Power Station located in Sutherland, NE could be used as an alternative liming material. Combinations of dry fly ash (DFA), wet fly ash (WFA), beet lime (by-product of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) processing) (BL), and agricultural lime (AGL) were applied at rates ranging from 0.43 to 1.62 times the recommended lime rate to plots on four acidic soils (Anselmo fine sandy loam, Hord fine sandy loam, Holdrege sandy loam, and Valentine fine sand). Soil samples were collected to a depth of 0.2 m from plots and analyzed for pH before lime applications and twice periodically after lime application. The Hord and Valentine soils were analyzed for exchangeable Ca, Mg, K, Na,and Al for determination of percent Al saturation on selected treatments and sampling dates. Corn grain yields were determined annually. It is concluded that the fly ash utilized in this study and applied at rates in this study, increases soil pH comparable to agricultural lime and is an appropriate alternative liming material.

Tarkalson, D.D.; Hergert, G.W.; Stevens, W.B.; McCallister, D.L.; Kackman, S.D. [University of Nebraska, North Platte, NE (US)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty OilsChapter 13 Wheat Germ Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils Chapter 13 Wheat Germ Oil Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 13 Wheat Germ Oil from th

325

Summer rainfall and wheat grain quality: Relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

import of North American wheat prohibitively expensive for milling into the majority of bread flour to inform the wheat industry about the quality of raw mate- rial available for milling and baking. Thus

Stephenson, David B.

326

Biofuels from Corn Stover: Pyrolytic Production and Catalytic Upgrading Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to security issues in energy supply and environmental concerns, renewable energy production from biomass becomes an increasingly important area of study. Thus, thermal conversion of biomass via pyrolysis and subsequent upgrading procedures were explored, in an attempt to convert an abundant agricultural residue, corn stover, into potential bio-fuels. Pyrolysis of corn stover was carried out at 400, 500 and 600oC and at moderate pressure. Maximum bio-char yield of 37.3 wt.% and liquid product yield of 31.4 wt.% were obtained at 400oC while the gas yield was maximum at 600oC (21.2 wt.%). Bio-char characteristics (energy content, proximate and ultimate analyses) indicated its potential as alternative solid fuel. The bio-oil mainly consisted of phenolic compounds, with significant proportions of aromatic and aliphatic compounds. The gas product has energy content ranging from 10.1 to 21.7 MJ m-3, attributed to significant quantities of methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Mass and energy conversion efficiencies indicated that majority of the mass and energy contained in the feedstock was transferred to the bio-char. Fractional distillation of the bio-oil at atmospheric and reduced pressure yielded approximately 40-45 wt.% heavy distillate (180-250oC) with significantly reduced moisture and total acid number (TAN) and greater energy content. Aromatic compounds and oxygenated compounds were distributed in the light and middle fractions while phenolic compounds were concentrated in the heavy fraction. Finally, hydrotreatment of the bio-oil and the heavy distillate using noble metal catalysts such as ruthenium and palladium on carbon support at 100 bar pressure, 4 hours reaction time and 200o or 300oC showed that ruthenium performed better at the higher temperature (300oC) and was more effective than palladium, giving about 25-26% deoxygenation. The hydrotreated product from the heavy distillate with ruthenium as catalyst at 300oC had the lowest oxygen content and exhibited better product properties (lower moisture, TAN, and highest heating value), and can be a potential feedstock for co-processing with crude oils in existing refineries. Major reactions involved were conversion of phenolics to aromatics and hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols. Results showed that pyrolysis of corn stover and product upgrading produced potentially valuable sources of fuel and chemical feedstock.

Capunitan, Jewel Alviar

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between weather, technology, and corn and soybean yields in the U.S. Corn Belt. Corn and soybean yields, monthly temperature,

Michael A. Tannura; Scott H. Irwin; Darrel L. Good; S. H. Irwin; D. L. Good “weather; Soybean Yields; U. S. Corn; Belt Marketing; Michael A. Tannura; Scott H. Irwin; Darrel L. Good

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Land-use change and greenhouse gas emissions from corn and cellulosic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Science Computing, Environment & Life Sciences Energy Engineering & Systems Analysis Photon Sciences Physical Sciences & Engineering Energy Frontier Research Centers Science Highlights Postdoctoral Researchers Land-use change and greenhouse gas emissions from corn and cellulosic ethanol July 16, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that may accompany land-use change (LUC) from increased biofuel feedstock production are a source of debate in the discussion of drawbacks and advantages of biofuels. Estimates of LUC GHG emissions focus mainly on corn ethanol and vary widely. Increasing the understanding of LUC GHG impacts associated with both corn and cellulosic ethanol will inform the on-going debate concerning their magnitudes and

329

Characterization and Combustion Performance of Corn Oil-Based Biofuel Blends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the development and use of biofuels have received considerable attention due to the high demand for environmentally acceptable (green) fuels. Most of the recent studies have looked at the processes of converting vegetable oils into biodiesel. It is well known vegetable oil to biodiesel conversion involves many processes including transesterification, which makes biodiesel costly and time-consuming to produce. In this study, the effects of blending high-viscosity fresh and used corn oils with low-viscosity diesel and jet fuel mixed with butanol and ethanol were studied. Several corn oil-based blends were formulated and characterized to understand the effect of composition on viscosity, fuel stability and energy content. The formulated corn oil blends were combusted in a 30 kW modified combustion chamber to determine the corresponding NOx and CO emission levels, along with CO? levels. Used corn oil was made by simply heating fresh corn oil for a fixed period of time (about 44 hours), and was characterized by quantifying its total polar material (TPM), iodine value, free fatty acid content, and peroxide value. The combustion experiments were conducted at a constant heat output of 68,620 kJ/hr (19 kW), to observe and study the effects of equivalence ratio, swirl number, and fuel composition on emissions. Used corn oil blends exhibited better combustion performance than fresh corn oil blends, due in part to the higher unsaturation levels in fresh corn oil. NOx emissions for used corn oil increased with swirl number. Among all the blends, the one with the higher amount of diesel (lower amount of corn oil) showed higher NOx emissions. The blend with fresh corn oil showed decreasing NOx with increasing equivalence ratio at swirl number 1.4. All blends showed generally decreasing CO trends at both swirl numbers at very lean conditions. The diesel fuel component as well as the alcohols in the blends were also important in the production of pollutants. Compared to the diesel-based blends mixed with used corn oil, butanol, and ethanol, the jet fuel-based blends showed higher NOx levels and lower CO levels at both swirl numbers.

Savant, Gautam Sandesh

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

LINEAR TO NON-LINEAR RHEOLOGY OF WHEAT FLOUR DOUGH TREVOR S.K. NG1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LINEAR TO NON-LINEAR RHEOLOGY OF WHEAT FLOUR DOUGH TREVOR S.K. NG1 , GARETH H. MCKINLEY1 *, MADESH.9.2006 Abstract: We provide an overview of transient extensional rheometry techniques for wheat flour doughs wheat flour; mixed to a constant time (360 s/peak-mixed) and a fixed water ratio by weight (66

331

Concentration and localization of zinc during seed development and germination in wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wheat genotypes and flour samples according to Zn concentration. DTZ is a Zn-chelating agent (Mc of red color due to DTZ staining in whole bread wheat flour (Triticum aestivum, cv. BDME-10). The seeds 16 23 34 55 (10 mm) Fig. 7. DTZ staining of whole grain flour of different wheat genotypes. Flour

Yanikoglu, Berrin

332

Soybean and Coconut Biodiesel Fuel Effects on Combustion Characteristics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the effects of soybean- and coconut-derived biodiesel fuels on combustion characteristics in a 1.7-liter direct injection, common rail diesel engine. Five sets of fuels were studied: 2007 ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), 5% and 20% volumetric blends of soybean biodiesel with ULSD (soybean B5 and B20), and 5% and 20% volumetric blends of coconut biodiesel with ULSD (coconut B5 and B20). In conventional diesel combustion mode, particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NO/dx) emissions were similar for all fuels studied except soybean B20. Soybean B20 produced the lowest PM but the highest NO/dx emissions. Compared with conventional diesel combustion mode, high efficiency clean combustion (HECC) mode, achieved by increased EGR and combustion phasing, significantly reduced both PM and NO/dx emissions for all fuels studied at the expense of higher hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions and an increase in fuel consumption (less than 4%). ULSD, soybean B5, and coconut B5 showed no difference in exhaust emissions. However, PM emissions increased slightly for soybean B20 and coconut B20. NO/dx emissions increased significantly for soybean B20, while those for coconut B20 were comparable to ULSD. Differences in the chemical and physical properties of soybean and coconut biodiesel fuels compared with ULSD, such as higher fuel-borne oxygen, greater viscosity, and higher boiling temperatures, play a key role in combustion processes and, therefore, exhaust emissions. Furthermore, the highly unsaturated ester composition in soybean biodiesel can be another factor in the increase of NO/dx emissions.

Han, Manbae [ORNL; Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Sluder, Scott [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Generation of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accumulating heterologous endo-xylanase or ferulic acid esterase in the endosperm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wheat straw for bioethanol production by a combinedyields when processed for bioethanol production. In the

Harholt, Jesper

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Corn Yield Behavior: Effects of Technological Advance and Weather-Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores the relationships between U.S. corn yields (level and stability), advances in technology, and weather. Evaluations at the farm, sub-state, and national levels reveal no evidence of yield plateaus, and absolute, but not ...

Philip Garcia; Susan E. Offutt; Musa Pinar; Stanley A. Changnon

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Prediction of County-Level Corn Yields Using an Energy-Crop Growth Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather conditions significantly affect corn yields. while weather remains as the major uncontrolled variable in crop production, an understanding of the influence of weather on yields can aid in early and accurate assessment of the impact of ...

Jeffrey A. Andresen; Robert F. Dale; Jerald J. Fletcher; Paul V. Preckel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER OF DOMESTIC WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26- 05NT42461, SUBCONTRACT QZ001; W(A)-05-040, CH-1322 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated (Corning) was awarded a subcontract under a cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Advanced Gasification Mercury/Trace Metal Control with Monolith Traps". The prime contract is with the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). The purpose of the project is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research into whether Corning's impregnated monolith technology, in conjunction with the University of North Dakota's

337

Owens Corning and Silicon Valley Power Partner to Make Energy Savings a Reality (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This case study describes how the Owens Corning plant in Santa Clara, California, participated in Save Energy Now energy assessments and used Silicon Valley Power utility incentives to save $252,000.

Not Available

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Frequency of Precipitation across the Northern U.S. Corn Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of the frequency of precipitation events can aid in managing water resources, but little is known concerning the regional variability in the frequency of daily precipitation events in the northern U.S. Corn Belt. The frequency ...

B. S. Sharratt; J. Zandlo; G. Spoden

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Effect of coarse or fine grinding on utilization of dry or ensiled corn by lactating dairy cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study evaluated the effect of coarse or fine grinding of three forms of corn on the performance of lactating cows. Six diets, fed as total mixed rations, were identical except for the corn portion of the diet. Corn treatments were dry shelled corn, high moisture ensiled ear corn, and high moisture ensiled shelled corn, either coarsely or finely ground. The experimental design was a6 × 6 Latin square with 36 cows. Eighteen cows were assigned to the six different treatments and were fed once daily. Within this group of 18 cows, six had a ruminal cannula and were used to evaluate nutrient digestibilities and ruminal fermentation. The remaining 18 cows, six of which were ruminally cannulated, were similarly assigned, except they were fed twice daily. In the group fed once daily, milk production and composition were not affected by treatment. Starch digestibility was greater with the high moisture and with the finely ground corn treatments. In addition, the high moisture ensiled corn treatments had reduced ruminal ammonia concentrations. In the group that was fed twice daily, milk production and protein yield were greatest for the finely ground high moisture ensiled shelled corn treatment. Starch utilization was improved by fine grinding. Lower ruminal ammonia concentrations were obtained with the high moisture ensiled corn treatments, and there was a tendency for reduced ammonia concentration with fine grinding. Results indicate that high moisture ensiled corn as well as fine grinding improved nitrogen and starch utilization. (Key words: corn, milk, particle size, starch) Abbreviation key: CG = coarsely ground, DSC = dry shelled corn, FG = finely ground, HMEC = high mois-

F. San Emeterio; R. B. Reis; W. E. Campos; L. D. Satter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

EASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| P | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY SPONSORED BY THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AS PART OF THE ENERGY STAR® PROGRAM GALE A. BOYD AND CHRISTIAN DELGADO DUKE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS BOX 90097, DURHAM, NC 27708 JULY 10, 2012 2 | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY CONTENTS Figures .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3 Tables ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Aligning Insect IPM Programs with a Cropping Systems Perspective: Cover Crops and Cultural Pest Control in Wisconsin Organic Corn and Soybean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a conversation among researcher, agroecology student, and farmers about the association between cover crops and seedcorn maggot in organic grain crops. Survey data showed that Wisconsin organic farmers would use cover crop management, insect degree day forecasting, and planting date cultural controls, given appropriate knowledge context and extension information provision. We developed electronic and print resources and engaged with farmers and educators nationally through the eOrganic Community of Practice. Project outcomes exemplify student and farmer ability to effect change in land grant university extension recommendations through integrated pest management content and delivery aligned with a cropping systems perspective.

Copyright Taylor; Francis Group; Eileen M. Cullen; Katelin M. Holm

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Influence of Mechanical Processing on Utilization of Corn Silage by Lactating Dairy Cows 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conducted three experiments to determine the influence of mechanical processing on corn silage utilization by lactating dairy cows. Total mixed rations contained either unprocessed or processed corn silage harvested between 1/4 and 3/4 milk line. In trial 1, 12 multiparous Holstein cows were used in a replicated double switchback design with 21-d periods. Intake of dry matter (DM) was increased 1.2 kg/d by processing, but milk yield was unaffected. Processing did not affect apparent total-tract DM digestibility, but processing tended to lower starch and corn excretion in feces and reduced concentration of sieved corn kernel particles in feces. In trial 2, 42 Holstein cows were used in an 18-wk randomized complete-block design. Intake of DM and milk yield were unaffected by processing, but milk fat percent was increased 0.35 percentage units by processing. Processing tended to increase total-tract digestibility of starch, but reduced organic matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber digestibilities. In trial 3, 30 Holstein cows were used in a 15-wk randomized complete block design. There was no influence of mechanical processing on intake or lactation performance in this trial. Despite indications of increased starch digestion in two trials and increased DM intake in one trial, effects of processing corn silage on lactation performance were minimal with corn silage at the maturity and moisture contents used in these trials.

T. R. Dhiman; M. A. Bal; Z. Wu; V. R. Moreira; R. D. Shaver; L. D. Satter; K. J. Shinners; R. P. Walgenbach

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the United States began a program to develop ethanol as a transportation fuel, its use has increased from 175 million gallons in 1980 to 4.9 billion gallons in 2006. Virtually all of the ethanol used for transportation has been produced from corn. During the period of fuel ethanol growth, corn farming productivity has increased dramatically, and energy use in ethanol plants has been reduced by almost by half. The majority of corn ethanol plants are powered by natural gas. However, as natural gas prices have skyrocketed over the last several years, efforts have been made to further reduce the energy used in ethanol plants or to switch from natural gas to other fuels, such as coal and wood chips. In this paper, we examine nine corn ethanol plant types--categorized according to the type of process fuels employed, use of combined heat and power, and production of wet distiller grains and solubles. We found that these ethanol plant types can have distinctly different energy and greenhouse gas emission effects on a full fuel-cycle basis. In particular, greenhouse gas emission impacts can vary significantly--from a 3% increase if coal is the process fuel to a 52% reduction if wood chips are used. Our results show that, in order to achieve energy and greenhouse gas emission benefits, researchers need to closely examine and differentiate among the types of plants used to produce corn ethanol so that corn ethanol production would move towards a more sustainable path.

Wang, M.; Wu, M.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Effects of ethanol, heat, and lipid treatment of soybean meal on nitrogen utilization by ruminants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ruminant nitrogen utilization of soybean meal treated with (1) 70% ethanol at 23 or 78/sup 0/C, (2) 10% coconut oil or tallow, or (3) a combination of 70% ethanol at 78/sup 0/C and coconut oil or tallow was evaluated. Nitrogen solubility was lowest for soybean meal treated with ethanol at 78/sup 0/C, ethanol plus coconut oil and ethanol plus tallow. In situ nitrogen disappearance was lowest for soybean meal treated with ethanol at 78/sup 0/C, ethanol plus coconut oil, and ethanol plus tallow. Rates of nitrogen disappearance between 3 and 12 h were lowest for soybean meal treated with ethanol at 78/sup 0/C, ethanol plus coconut oil, and ethanol plus tallow. Nitrogen retained by lambs was greater for lambs fed soybean meal treated with ethanol at 78/sup 0/C than for those fed untreated soybean meal. Ruminal ammonia 4 h post feeding was lowest for lambs fed soybean meal treated with ethanol at 78/sup 0/C, ethanol plus coconut oil, and coconut oil. These data indicate that the 78/sup 0/C ethanol treatment improved nitrogen utilization.

Lynch, G.L.; Berger, L.L.; Fahey, G.C. Jr.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Effects Of Steam-Flaked Corn Density And Roughage Concentration On In Vitro Fermentation, Performance, Carcass Quality, And Acid-Base Balance Of Finishing Beef Cattle, And Particle Distribution Of Corn Steam Flaked To Varying Densities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Exp. 1, 128 beef steers were used in a 2 x 2 factorial to evaluate bulk densities of steam-flaked corn (SFC; 335 or 386… (more)

Hales, Kristin E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

HYGROSCOPIC MOISTURE SORPTION KINETICS MODELING OF CORN STOVER AND ITS FRACTIONS  

SciTech Connect

Corn stover, a major crop-based lignocellulosic biomass feedstock, is required to be at an optimum moisture content for efficient bioconversion processes. Environmental conditions surrounding corn stover, as in storage facilities, affect its moisture due to hygroscopic sorption or desorption. The measurement and modeling of sorption characteristics of corn stover and its leaf, husk, and stalk fractions are useful from utilization and storage standpoints, hence investigated in this article. A benchtop low-temperature humidity chamber provided the test environments of 20 C, 30 C, and 40 C at a constant 95% relative humidity. Measured sorption characteristics with three replications for each fraction were obtained from instantaneous sample masses and initial moisture contents. Observed sorption characteristics were fitted using exponential, Page, and Peleg models. Corn stover fractions displayed a rapid initial moisture uptake followed by a slower sorption rates and eventually becoming almost asymptotic after 25 h. Sorption characteristics of all corn stover fractions were significantly different (P < 0.0001) but not the effect of temperature (P > 0.05) on these fractions. The initial 30 min of sorption was found to be critical due to peak rates of sorption from storage, handling, and processing standpoints. The Page and Peleg models had comparable performance fitting the sorption curves (R2 = 0.995), however the exponential model (R2 = 0.91) was not found suitable because of patterned residuals. The Arrhenius type relationship (P < 0.05; R2 = 0.80) explained the temperature variation of the fitted sorption model parameters. The Peleg model fitted constants, among the sorption models studied, had the best fit (R2 = 0.93) with the Arrhenius relationship. A developed method of mass proportion, involving individual corn stover fraction dry matter ratios, predicted the whole corn stover sorption characteristics from that of its individual fractions. Sorption characteristics models of individual corn stover fractions and predicted whole corn stover including a nomogram can be used for direct and quick estimation. Developed sorption characteristics find application in several fields of corn stover biomass processing, handling, and transport

Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Pordesimo, L. O. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Separating homeologs by phasing in the tetraploid wheat transcriptome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

k-mer length Page 3 of 19 assembly pipeline. Digitalpipeline (see next section) and the resulting contigs were aligned to the 13,472 full-lengthpipeline, we used two wheat benchmark sets. The first set consisted of 13,472 full-length

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Characterization of Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia-like Fungi infecting Vegetables in New York and their Pathogenicity to Corn .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vegetable growers in New York have recently observed that the corn rotation is no longer effective in suppressing diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia-like… (more)

Ohkura, Mana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

EFFECT OF FEEDING A BLEND OF NATURALLY-CONTAMINATED CORN ON NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY AND FEED PREFERENCE IN WEANLING PIGS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of feeding diets with a 2009 and 2010 naturally-contaminated corn to weaning pigs. For both experiments three… (more)

Escobar, Carlos Santiago

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Starch properties, endogenous amylase activity, and ethanol production of corn kernels with different planting dates and drying conditions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was conducted with aim to understand how planting dates and drying conditions affected starch properties and dry-grind ethanol production of corn kernels. Three… (more)

Medic, Jelena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Techno-economic analysis of using corn stover to supply heat and power to a corn ethanol plant - Part 1: Cost of feedstock supply logistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supply of corn stover to produce heat and power for a typical 170 dam3 dry mill ethanol plant is proposed. The corn ethanol plant requires 5.6 MW of electricity and 52.3 MW of process heat, which creates the annual stover demand of as much as 140 Gg. The corn stover supply system consists of collection, preprocessing, transportation and on-site fuel storage and preparation to produce heat and power for the ethanol plant. Economics of the entire supply system was conducted using the Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics (IBSAL) simulation model. Corn stover was delivered in three formats (square bales, dry chops and pellets) to the combined heat and power plant. Delivered cost of biomass ready to be burned was calculated at 73 $ Mg-1 for bales, 86 $ Mg-1 for pellets and 84 $ Mg-1 for field chopped biomass. Among the three formats of stover supply systems, delivered cost of pelleted biomass was the highest due to high pelleting cost. Bulk transport of biomass in the form of chops and pellets can provide a promising future biomass supply logistic system in the US, if the costs of pelleting and transport are minimized.

Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Mani, Sudhagar [University of Georgia; Togore, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Experimental co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost to improve biogas production  

SciTech Connect

Anaerobic co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost (VC) as well as mono-digestion of corn stalk were investigated. Batch mono-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial total solid loading (TSL) ranged from 1.2% to 6.0%. Batch co-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial TSL of 6% with VC proportions ranged from 20% to 80% of total solid (TS). For mono-digestion of corn stalk, a maximum methane yield of 217.60 {+-} 13.87 mL/g TS{sub added} was obtained at initial TSL of 4.8%, and acidification was found at initial TSL of 6.0% with the lowest pH value of 5.10 on day 4. Co-digestion improved the methane yields by 4.42-58.61% via enhancing volatile fatty acids (VFAs) concentration and pH value compared with mono-digestion of corn stalk. The maximum biogas yield of 410.30 {+-} 11.01 mL/g TS{sub added} and methane yield of 259.35 {+-} 13.85 mL/g TS{sub added} were obtained for 40% VC addition. Structure analysis by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed that the lowest crystallinity of 35.04 of digested corn stalk was obtained from co-digestion with 40% VC, which decreased 29.4% compared to 49.6 obtained from un-treated corn stalk. It is concluded that co-digestion with VC is beneficial for improving biodigestibility and methane yield from corn stalk.

Chen Guangyin [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zheng Zheng, E-mail: zzhenghj@fudan.edu.c [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Yang Shiguan [National Engineering Laboratory of Biomass Power Generation Equipment, School of Renewable Energy, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Fang Caixia; Zou Xingxing; Luo Yan [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 5 Soy Flour: Varieties, Processing, Properties, and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 5 Soy Flour: Varieties, Processing, Properties, and Applications Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Pre

354

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and Salad Dressings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and Salad Dressings Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and

355

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment fro

356

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecithin Production and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecithin Production and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecit

357

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formulation Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formulation Procedures Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formu

358

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 6 Soy Protein Concentrate: Technology, Properties, and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 6 Soy Protein Concentrate: Technology, Properties, and Applications Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

359

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 7 Isolated Soy Protein: Technology, Properties, and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 7 Isolated Soy Protein: Technology, Properties, and Applications Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Pre

360

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 13 Soy Sauce as Natural Seasoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 13 Soy Sauce as Natural Seasoning Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Costs of Harvesting, Storing in a Large Pile, and Transporting Corn Stover in a Wet Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn stover is potentially an attractive biomass resource, but must be stored if used to supply a biorefinery year-round. Based on experience with successfully storing water-saturated large piles of bagasse for the pulping industry, Atchison and Hettenhaus (2003) proposed that such a system can also be applied to corn stover. Regardless of the technical feasibility of this system, in this article we estimate the cost of harvesting corn stover in a single pass with corn grain, delivering the chopped biomass to a storage pile, storing the stover in a wet form in a large pile at 75% moisture in a 211,700-dry Mg facility within a radius of 24 km from the field, and transporting the stover 64 km to a biorefinery. Field-ground corn stover can be delivered to a biorefinery by rail for $55 to $61/dry Mg. Truck transport is more expensive, $71 to $77/dry Mg. To achieve a minimum cost in the system proposed by Atchison and Hettenhaus, it is necessary to field densify stover to 74 dry kg/m3, without losing combine field efficiency, have a large storage pile to spread fixed costs of storage over enough biomass, and use rail transportation. Compared to storage in an on-farm bunker silo at $60/dry Mg, there are limited circumstances in which large pile storage has a cost advantage.

Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Size reduction of high- and low-moisture corn stalks by linear knife grid system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High- and low-moisture corn stalks were tested using a linear knife grid size reduction device developed for first-stage size reduction. The device was used in conjunction with a universal test machine that quantified shearing stress and energy characteristics for forcing a bed of corn stalks through a grid of sharp knives. No published engineering performance data for corn stover with similar devices are available to optimize performance; however, commercial knife grid systems exist for forage size reduction. From the force displacement data, mean and maximum ultimate shear stresses, cumulative and peak mass-based cutting energies for corn stalks, and mean new surface area-based cutting energies were determined from 4 5 refill runs at two moisture contents (78.8% and 11.3% wet basis), three knife grid spacings (25.4, 50.8, and 101.6 mm), and three bed depths (50.8, 101.6, and 152.4 mm). In general, the results indicated that peak failure load, ultimate shear stress, and cutting energy values varied directly with bed depth and inversely with knife grid spacing. Mean separation analysis established that high- and low-moisture conditions and bed depths 101.6 mm did not differ significantly (P corn stalks were much smaller than reported cutting energy requirements. Ultimate shear stress and cutting energy results of this research should aid the engineering design of commercial scale linear knife gird size reduction equipment for various biomass feedstocks.

Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Narayan, S. [First American Scientific Co.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Economic and environmental impacts of the corn grain ethanol industry on the United States agricultural sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluated the impacts of increased ethanol production from corn starch on agricultural land use and the environment in the United States. The Policy Analysis System simulation model was used to simulate alternative ethanol production scenarios for 2007 through 2016. Results indicate that increased corn ethanol production had a positive effect on net farm income and economic wellbeing of the US agricultural sector. In addition, government payments to farmers were reduced because of higher commodity prices and enhanced net farm income. Results also indicate that if Conservation Reserve Program land was converted to crop production in response to higher demand for ethanol in the simulation, individual farmers planted more land in crops, including corn. With a larger total US land area in crops due to individual farmer cropping choices, total US crop output rose, which decreased crop prices and aggregate net farm income relative to the scenario where increased ethanol production happened without Conservation Reserve Program land. Substantial shifts in land use occurred with corn area expanding throughout the United States, especially in the traditional corn-growing area of the midcontinent region.

Larson, J.A.; English, B.C.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; Menard, R.J.; Hellwinckel, C.M.; West, Tristram O.

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

364

Hydrogen Generation Rate Scoping Study of DOW Corning Antifoam Agent  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The antifoam agent DOW Corning Q2-3183A will be added to waste streams in the Hanford River Protection Program-Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) to prevent foaming. It consists mostly of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and polypropylene glycol (PPG). These and other minor constituents of the antifoam have organic constituents that may participate in radiolytic and chemical reactions that produce hydrogen in Hanford waste. It has been recommended by The WTP R&T Department recommended personnel to treat the organic compounds of the antifoam like the in a similar manner as other organic compounds that are native to the Hanford waste with respect to hydrogen production. This testing has investigated the radiolytic and thermal production of hydrogen from antifoam added to simulant waste solutions to determine if the organic components of the antifoam produce hydrogen in the same manner as the native organic species in Hanford waste. Antifoam additions for this testing were in the range of 4 to 10 wt% to ensure adequate hydrogen detection. Test conditions were selected to bound exposures to the antifoam agent in the WTP. These levels are higher than previously recommended values of 350 mg/L for actual applications in WTP tanks containing air spargers and pulse jet mixers. Limited degradation analyses for the organic components of the antifoam were investigated in this study. A more detailed study involving analyses of antifoam degradation and product formation is in progress at SRNL and results from that study will be reported at a later time. The total organic carbon (TOC) content of the Q2-3183A antifoam was measured to be 39.7 {+-} 4.9 wt% TOC. This measurement was performed in triplicate with on three different dilutions of the pure antifoam liquid using a TOC combustion analyzer instrument with catalytic oxidation, followed by CO{sub 2} quantification using an infrared detector. Test results from this study indicate that the WTP HGR correlation conservatively bounds hydrogen generation rates (HGRs) from antifoam-containing simulants if the antifoam organic components are treated the same as other native organics. Tests that used the combination of radiolysis and thermolysis conducted on simulants containing antifoam produced measured hydrogen that was bounded by the WTP correlation. These tests used the bounding WTP temperature of 90 C and a dose rate of 1.8 x 10{sup 5} rad/hr. This dose rate is about ten times higher than the dose rate equivalent calculated for a bounding Hanford sludge slurry composition of 10 Ci/L, or 2 x 10{sup 4} rad/hr. Hydrogen was measured using a quadrupole mass spectroscopy instrument. Based on the analyses from the 4wt% and 10wt% antifoam samples, it is expected that the HGR results are directly proportional to the antifoam concentration added. A native organic-containing simulant that did not contain any added antifoam also produced a measurable radiolytic/thermal hydrogen rates that was in bounded by the WTP correlation. A base simulant with no added organic produced a measurable radiolytic/thermal HGR that was {approx}2X higher than the predicted HGR. Analysis of antifoam-containing simulants after prolonged irradiation of 52 Mrad and heating (23 days at 90 C) indicates that essentially all of the PDMS and greater than 60% of the PPG components are degraded, likely to lower molecular weight species. The antifoam components were analyzed by extraction from the salt simulants, followed by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) by personnel at Dow Corning. A more detailed study of the antifoam degradation and product formation from radiolysis and thermolysis is currently in progress at SRNL. That study uses a dose rate of about 2 x 10{sup 4} rad/hr and bounding temperatures of 90 C. Results from that study will be reported in a future report.

Crawford, Charles

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

365

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOW CORNING CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE DOW CORNING CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-EE0003915; DOE WAIVER NO. W{A)2011-006; CH1590 The Petitioner, Dow Corning Corporation (DOW), has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions in the above cited research and development cooperative agreement issued by DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). See attached Dow's Petition, Answer 1. The waiver is to apply to DOW's and its subcontractors' employee subject inventions, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517 as amended. Subject of the R&D Cooperative Agreement Title: Contributing to Net Zero Building: High Energy Efficient EIFS Wall Systems

366

Small Wind Electric Systems: A Guide for the American Corn Growers Association  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Guide Produced for the Guide Produced for the American Corn Growers Foundation Small Wind Electric Systems Small Wind Electric Systems U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program Small Wind Electric Systems Cover photo: This AOC 15/50 wind turbine on a farm in Clarion, Iowa, saves the Clarion-Goldfield Community School about $9,000 per year on electrical purchase and provides a part of the school's science curriculum. Photo credit - Robert Olson/PIX11649 A national survey of corn producers conducted by the American Corn Growers Foundation (ACGF) found a strong majority level of support among farmers on a range of important wind energy issues. The survey, conducted by Robinson and Muenster Associates, Inc. of Sioux Falls, South Dakota during

367

Iowa farmer hopes corn cobs will bring in extra cash | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

farmer hopes corn cobs will bring in extra cash farmer hopes corn cobs will bring in extra cash Iowa farmer hopes corn cobs will bring in extra cash October 22, 2009 - 12:22pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Todd Mathisen's family has been working the rich soil in Northwest Iowa for the last 130 years, ever since his great-great grandfather homesteaded the land in the 1870s. Todd has cultivated the fields himself for the last three decades. His family's roots here go so deep they'd be pretty hard to pull up now, and he doesn't plan on leaving anytime soon. But that doesn't mean Todd is stuck in his ways. In fact, he's at the forefront of American farmers helping to supply the United States with a biofuel that may have a promising future: cellulosic ethanol.

368

Michael Flowers, Extension cereals specialist, and C. James Peterson, professor of wheat breeding and genetics, both  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Substitute whole grain and bran flours. Whole wheat flour can replace from one-fourth to one- half of the all-purpose flour. For example, if a recipe has 3 cups all-purpose flour, use 1½ cups whole wheat flour and 1½ cups, we need to review why flour is used. The gluten that is formed when protein from wheat flour

Tullos, Desiree

369

Dynamic Aspects of the Impact of the Use of Perfect Climate Forecasts in the Corn Belt Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general equilibrium model is linked to a decision model to determine the impact of perfect growing season forecasts for corn produced in the Corn Belt region over a 10-yr period. Five different timing scenarios are examined to determine the ...

James W. Mjelde; John B. Penson Jr.; Clair J. Nixon

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A First-Law Thermodynamic Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes energy efficiency of the industrial corn-ethanol cycle. In particular, it critically evaluates earlier publications by DOE, USDA, and UC Berkeley Energy Resources Group. It is demonstrated that most of the current First Law net-energy models of the industrial corn-ethanol cycle are based on nonphysical assumptions and should be viewed with caution. In particular, these models do not (i) define the system boundaries, (ii) conserve mass, and (iii) conserve energy. The energy cost of producing and refining carbon fuels in real time, for example, corn and ethanol, is high relative to that of fossil fuels deposited and concentrated over geological time. Proper mass and energy balances of corn fields and ethanol refineries that account for the photosynthetic energy, part of the environment restoration work, and the coproduct energy have been formulated. These balances show that energetically production of ethanol from corn is 2-4 times less favorable than production of gasoline from petroleum. From thermodynamics it also follows that ecological damage wrought by industrial biofuel production must be severe. With the DDGS coproduct energy credit, 3.9 gallons of ethanol displace on average the energy in 1 gallon of gasoline. Without the DDGS energy credit, this average number is 6.2 gallons of ethanol. Equivalent CO{sub 2} emissions from corn ethanol are some 50% higher than those from gasoline, and become 100% higher if methane emissions from cows fed with DDGS are accounted for. From the mass balance of soil it follows that ethanol coproducts should be returned to the fields.

Patzek, Tad W. [University of California, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (United States)], E-mail: patzek@patzek.berkeley.edu

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Physicochemical properties of wheat starches and their relationship to liquefaction and fermentative bioethanol performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fourteen varieties of wheat grown in western Canada were assessed for differences in starch content and structure. Physicochemical properties of starch such as amylopectin to… (more)

Saunders, Jessica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Integrated nutrient managment for sustainable production of sorghum-wheat crop sequeence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rhizosperic environment and crop productivity. A reviewpaol) is the most important crop sequence of India occupyingMore over sorghum-wheat crop sequence is an exhaustive

Bhale, Vilas Madhukar Dr.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Introduction to Energy Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Refining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Refining Industry Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

374

Relating United States crop land use to natural resources and climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop production depends not only on the yield but also on the area harvested. The yield response to climate change has been widely examined, but the sensitivity of crop land use to hypothetical climate change has not been examined directly. Crop land-use regression models for estimating crop area indices (CAIs)-the percent of land used for corn, soybean, wheat, and sorghum production-are presented. Inputs to the models include available water-holding capacity of the soil, percent of land available for rain-fed agricultural production, annual precipitation, and annual temperature. The total variance of CAI explained by the models ranged from 78% from wheat to 87% for sorghum, and the root-mean-square errors ranged from 1.74% for sorghum to 4.24% for corn. The introduction of additional climatic variables to the models did not significantly improve their performance. The crop land-use models were used to predict the CAI for every crop reporting district in the United States for the current climatic condition and for possible future climate change scenarios (various combinations of temperature and precipitation changes over a range of -3{degrees} to +6{degrees}C and -20% to +20% respectively). The magnitude of climatic warming suggested by GCMs (GISS and GFDL) is from 3.5{degrees} to 5.9{degrees}C for regions of the United States. For this magnitude of warming, the model suggests corn and soybean production areas may decline while wheat and sorghum production areas may expand. If the warming is accompanied by a decrease in annual precipitation from 1% to 10%, then the areas used for corn and soybean production could decrease by as much as 20% and 40%, respectively. The area for sorghum and wheat under these conditions would increase by as much as 80% and 70%, respectively; the exact amount depending strongly on the change in precipitation. 15 refs., 6 figs.

Flores-Mendoza, F.J.; Hubbard, K.G. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Sources of Corn for Ethanol Production in the United States: A Review and Decomposition Analysis of the Empirical Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of corn for ethanol production in the United States quintupled between 2001 and 2009, generating concerns that this could lead to the conversion of forests and grasslands around the globe, known as indirect land-use change (iLUC). Estimates of iLUC and related food versus fuel concerns rest on the assumption that the corn used for ethanol production in the United States would come primarily from displacing corn exports and land previously used for other crops. A number of modeling efforts based on these assumptions have projected significant iLUC from the increases in the use of corn for ethanol production. The current study tests the veracity of these assumptions through a systematic decomposition analysis of the empirical data from 2001 to 2009. The logarithmic mean divisia index decomposition method (Type I) was used to estimate contributions of different factors to meeting the corn demand for ethanol production. Results show that about 79% of the change in corn used for ethanol production can be attributed to changes in the distribution of domestic corn consumption among different uses. Increases in the domestic consumption share of corn supply contributed only about 5%. The remaining contributions were 19% from added corn production, and 2% from stock changes. Yield change accounted for about two-thirds of the contributions from production changes. Thus, the results of this study provide little support for large land-use changes or diversion of corn exports because of ethanol production in the United States during the past decade.

Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Uria Martinez, Rocio [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Wheat Flour Tortilla: Quality Prediction and Study of Physical and Textural Changes during Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cost-effective, faster and efficient way of screening wheat samples suitable for tortilla production is needed. Hence, we developed prediction models for tortilla quality (diameter, specific volume, color and texture parameters) using grain, flour and dough properties of 16 wheat flours. The prediction models were developed using stepwise multiple regression. Dough rheological tests had higher correlations with tortilla quality than grain and flour chemical tests. Dough resistance to extension was correlated best with tortilla quality, particularly tortilla diameter (r= -0.87, Pwheat flours, dough and tortillas were compared using five wheat samples. Refined flour doughs were more extensible and softer than whole wheat flour doughs. Whole wheat flour tortillas were larger, thinner and less opaque than refined flour tortillas. Refined wheat flour had much smaller particle size and less fiber than whole wheat flour. These are the major factors that contributed to the observed differences. In general, refined wheat tortillas were more shelf-stable than whole wheat tortillas. However, whole wheat tortillas from strong flours had excellent shelf-stability which must be considered when whole wheat tortillas are processed. . Different objective rheological techniques were used to characterize the texture of refined and whole flour tortillas during storage. Differences in texture between 0, 1 and 4 day-old tortillas were detected by rupture distance from one and two-dimension extensibility techniques. In general, the deformation modulus was not a good parameter to differentiate tortilla texture at the beginning of storage. It detected textural changes of 8 and 14 day-old tortillas. The subjective rollability method detected textural changes after 4 days storage.

Ribeiro De Barros, Frederico

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Abstract We have produced transgenic maize plants containing a wheat Glu-1Dx5 gene encoding the high-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

represent wheat genomic DNA, and the cross-hatched arrow represents the 1Dx5 coding region. The stip- pled

Scott, Paul

378

Shortest Paths in Fuzzy Weighted Graphs Chris Cornelis,* Peter De Kesel,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and fuzzy logic--Theory and applications. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall; 1995. 15. Campos L, Muñoz A;12:213­227. 5. Dubois D, Prade H. Fuzzy sets and systems: Theory and applications. New York: Aca- demic PressShortest Paths in Fuzzy Weighted Graphs Chris Cornelis,* Peter De Kesel, Etienne E. Kerre

Gent, Universiteit

379

Trends and Variability in U.S. Corn Yields Over the Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States is currently responsible for 40%–45% of the world’s corn supply and 70% of total global exports [the U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA–NASS)]. Therefore, analyses of the spatial and ...

Christopher J. Kucharik; Navin Ramankutty

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Artificial neural networks to predict corn yield from Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the light of recent advances in spectral imaging technology, highly flexible modeling methods must be developed to estimate various soil and crop parameters for precision farming from airborne hyperspectral imagery. The potential of artificial neural ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, CASI, Corn, Crop yield, Hyperspectral remote sensing, Precision agriculture

Y. Uno; S. O. Prasher; R. Lacroix; P. K. Goel; Y. Karimi; A. Viau; R. M. Patel

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A method for mapping corn using the US Geological Survey 1992 National Land Cover Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term exposure to elevated nitrate levels in community drinking water supplies has been associated with an elevated risk of several cancers including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, colon cancer, and bladder cancer. To estimate human exposure to nitrate, ... Keywords: Corn, Crop mapping, Landsat, National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD), Nebraska, Platte River Valley

S. K. Maxwell; J. R. Nuckols; M. H. Ward

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM WET OXIDSED CORN STOVER USING PRE-TREATED MANURE AS A NUTRIENT SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM WET OXIDSED CORN STOVER USING PRE-TREATED MANURE AS A NUTRIENT SOURCE E (sugar-, and starch-containing) raw materials represent the major part of the total production cost- linked, rigid lignocellulose complex. This structure severely limits the biological conversion; therefore

383

The Integrated Biorefinery: Conversion of Corn Fiber to Value-added Chemicals  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation provides a summary of Michigan Biotechnology Institute's efforts to employ the corn fiber fraction of a dry grind ethanol plant as a feedstock to produce succinic acid which has potential as a building block intermediate for a wide range of commodity chemicals.

Susanne Kleff

2007-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

384

Direct application of West Coast geothermal resources in a wet-corn-milling plant. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The engineering and economic feasibility of using the geothermal resources in East Mesa, California, in a new corn processing plant is evaluated. Institutional barriers were also identified and evaluated. Several alternative plant designs which used geothermal energy were developed. A capital cost estimate and rate of return type of economic analysis were performed to evaluate each alternative. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Brazilian Biofuel Experience: Lessons for the Future DOE/EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Corn (million hectares) Soybeans (million ... corn stover, soy bean hulls could be feedstock. • If available at < $.14-$.12/lb. Brazil Electrical Sector

386

Identification of hybrids of spelt and wheat and their parental forms using shape and color descriptors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grain images of three common wheat varieties, five spelt breeding lines and 24 single hybrids between wheat and spelt were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA). The values of shape descriptors (Area, Perimeter (Perim.), Feret's Diameter (FD), ... Keywords: AR, Circ., FD, Grain, Hybrids, Image analysis, MFD, Perim., Principal component analysis, Round., Solid., Triticum aestivum, Triticum spelta

Marian Wiwart; Elbieta Suchowilska; Waldemar Lajszner; ?ukasz Graban

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Development of a performance-based industrial energy efficiency indicator for corn refining plants.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organizations that implement strategic energy management programs have the potential to achieve sustained energy savings if the programs are carried out properly. A key opportunity for achieving energy savings that plant managers can take is to determine an appropriate level of energy performance by comparing their plant's performance with that of similar plants in the same industry. Manufacturing facilities can set energy efficiency targets by using performance-based indicators. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), through its ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} program, has been developing plant energy performance indicators (EPIs) to encourage a variety of U.S. industries to use energy more efficiently. This report describes work with the corn refining industry to provide a plant-level indicator of energy efficiency for facilities that produce a variety of products--including corn starch, corn oil, animal feed, corn sweeteners, and ethanol--for the paper, food, beverage, and other industries in the United States. Consideration is given to the role that performance-based indicators play in motivating change; the steps needed to develop indicators, including interacting with an industry to secure adequate data for an indicator; and the actual application and use of an indicator when complete. How indicators are employed in the EPA's efforts to encourage industries to voluntarily improve their use of energy is discussed as well. The report describes the data and statistical methods used to construct the EPI for corn refining plants. Individual equations are presented, as are the instructions for using them in an associated Excel spreadsheet.

Boyd, G. A.; Decision and Information Sciences; USEPA

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

Determining the Cost of Producing Ethanol from Corn Starch and Lignocellulosic Feedstocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The mature corn-to-ethanol industry has many similarities to the emerging lignocellulose-to-ethanol industry. It is certainly possible that some of the early practitioners of this new technology will be the current corn ethanol producers. In order to begin to explore synergies between the two industries, a joint project between two agencies responsible for aiding these technologies in the Federal government was established. This joint project of the USDA-ARS and DOE/NREL looked at the two processes on a similar process design and engineering basis, and will eventually explore ways to combine them. This report describes the comparison of the processes, each producing 25 million annual gallons of fuel ethanol. This paper attempts to compare the two processes as mature technologies, which requires assuming that the technology improvements needed to make the lignocellulosic process commercializable are achieved, and enough plants have been built to make the design well-understood. Ass umptions about yield and design improvements possible from continued research were made for the emerging lignocellulose process. In order to compare the lignocellulose-to-ethanol process costs with the commercial corn-to-ethanol costs, it was assumed that the lignocellulose plant was an Nth generation plant, built after the industry had been sufficiently established to eliminate first-of-a-kind costs. This places the lignocellulose plant costs on a similar level with the current, established corn ethanol industry, whose costs are well known. The resulting costs of producing 25 million annual gallons of fuel ethanol from each process were determined. The figure below shows the production cost breakdown for each process. The largest cost contributor in the corn starch process is the feedstock; for the lignocellulosic process it is the capital cost, which is represented by depreciation cost on an annual basis.

McAloon, A.; Taylor, F.; Yee, W.; Ibsen, K.; Wooley, R.

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

389

may make verbatim copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means, provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies. The Effect of Ethanol Production on the U.S. National Corn Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system of equations representing corn supply, feed demand, export demand, food, alcohol and industrial (FAI) demand, and corn price is estimated by three-stage least squares. A price dependent reduced form equation is then formed to investigate the effect of ethanol production on the national average corn price. The elasticity of corn price with respect to ethanol production is then obtained. Results suggest that ethanol production has a positive impact on the national corn price and that the demand from FAI has a greater impact on the corn price than other demand categories. Thus, significant growth in ethanol production is important in explaining corn price determination.

All Fortenbery; Hwanil Park; T. Randall Fortenbery

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway October 8, 2010 - 5:00pm Addthis Before and after the shot: to the left, the target is mounted in the cryogenic positioning device, two copper-colored arms form a shroud around the cold target to protect it until they open five seconds before a shot. At the right, the remains of the target assembly. Before and after the shot: to the left, the target is mounted in the cryogenic positioning device, two copper-colored arms form a shroud around the cold target to protect it until they open five seconds before a shot. At the right, the remains of the target assembly. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes

391

Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments 0.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the Electron Freeway October 8, 2010 - 5:00pm Addthis Before and after the shot: to the left, the target is mounted in the cryogenic positioning device, two copper-colored arms form a shroud around the cold target to protect it until they open five seconds before a shot. At the right, the remains of the target assembly. Before and after the shot: to the left, the target is mounted in the cryogenic positioning device, two copper-colored arms form a shroud around the cold target to protect it until they open five seconds before a shot. At the right, the remains of the target assembly. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes

392

Preparation and Characterization of Paints and Coatings from Soy and Corn Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was highly successful. A series of new waterborne polyurethane (PU)/acrylic hybrid latexes were successfully synthesized by the emulsion polymerization of acrylic monomers (butyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate) in the presence of a soybean oil-based waterborne PU dispersion using potassium persulfate as an initiator. The waterborne PU dispersion was synthesized by a polyaddition reaction of toluene 2,4-diisocyanate and a soybean oil-based polyol (SOL). The resulting hybrid latexes, containing 15-60 wt % SOL as a renewable resource, are very stable and exhibit uniform particle sizes of {approx}125 nm as determined by transmittance electronic microscopy. The structure, thermal, and mechanical properties of the resulting hybrid latex films have been investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, solid state {sup 13}C NMR spectroscopy, dynamic mechanical analysis, extraction, and mechanical testing. Grafting copolymerization of the acrylic monomers onto the PU network occurs during the emulsion polymerization, leading to a significant increase in the thermal and mechanical properties of the resulting hybrid latexes. This work provides a new way of utilizing renewable resources to prepare environmentally friendly hybrid latexes with high performance for coating applications. In addition, a novel soybean oil-based vinyl-containing waterborne polyurethane (VPU) dispersion has been successfully synthesized from toluene 2,4-diisocyanate, dimethylol propionic acid and a 90:10 mixture of chlorinated soybean oil-based polyol and acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO). Then, a series of VPU/acrylic grafted latexes were prepared by emulsion graft copolymerization of acrylic monomers (40 wt% butyl acrylate and 60 wt% methyl methacrylate) in the presence of the VPU dispersion using potassium persulfate as an initiator. The structure, morphology, and thermal and mechanical properties of the resulting latexes, containing 15-60 wt% soybean oil-based polyols as a renewable resource, were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, solid state {sup 13}C NMR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic mechanical analysis and mechanical testing. The results indicated that graft copolymerization of the acrylic monomers onto the VPU network occurs during emulsion polymerization, leading to a significant increase in the thermal stability and mechanical properties of the resulting miscible grafted latexes. This work provides new environmentally-friendly latexes from a renewable resource with high performance for coating applications.

Larock, Richard C.

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

393

PIV Measurements in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer within and above a Mature Corn Canopy. Part I: Statistics and Energy Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements just within and above a mature corn canopy have been performed to clarify the small-scale spatial structure of the turbulence. The smallest resolved scales are about 15 times the Kolmogorov length ...

R. van Hout; W. Zhu; L. Luznik; J. Katz; J. Kleissl; M. B. Parlange

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Synchrotron X-ray Scattering Analysis of the Interaction Between Corn Starch and an Exogenous Lipid During Hydrothermal Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids have an important effect on starch physicochemical properties. There exist few reports about the effect of exogenous lipids on native corn starch structural properties. In this work, a study of the morphological, structural and thermal properties of native corn starch with L-alpha-lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC, the main phospholipid in corn) was performed under an excess of water. Synchrotron radiation, in the form of real-time small and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS), was used in order to track structural changes in corn starch, in the presence of LPC during a heating process from 30 to 85 C. When adding LCP, water absorption decreased within starch granule amorphous regions during gelatinization. This is explained by crystallization of the amylose-LPC inclusion complex during gelatinization, which promotes starch granule thermal stability at up to 95 C. Finally, a conceptual model is proposed for explaining the formation mechanism of the starch-LPC complex.

E Hernandez-Hernandez; C Avila-Orta; B Hsiao; j Castro-Rosas; J Gallegos-Infante; J Morales-Castro; L Ochoa-Martinez; C Gomez-Aldapa

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

395

Gene discovery and transcript analyses in the corn smut pathogen Ustilago maydis: expressed sequence tag and genome sequence comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Background Ustilago maydis is the basidiomycete fungus responsible for common smut of corn and is a model organism for the study of fungal phytopathogenesis. To aid in the annotation of the genome sequence of this organism, several...

Ho, Eric C H; Cahill, Matt J; Saville, Barry J

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

396

Economic impact of ethanol production on U.S. livestock sector: a spatial analysis of corn and distillers grain shipment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The production of corn-based ethanol in the U.S. has increased from 1,630 million gallons in 2000 to 4,855 million gallons in 2006, representing a 198%… (more)

N'Guessan, Yapo Genevier

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Genetic Loci Related to Kernel Quality Differences between a Soft and a Hard Wheat Cultivar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT processing and end-use characteristics, which depend Hybridizations between hard and soft wheat types could be a source on protein hydration and development through mixing. of novel variation for wheat quality improvement. This study was con- Hard wheat is generally used for making bread-type ducted to identify genomic regions related to differences in milling and products, and soft wheat is generally preferred for baking quality between a soft and a hard cultivar of hexaploid wheat pastry-type products. Hard grain requires more energy (Triticum aestivum L.). A population of 101 double-haploid lines was to be reduced to flour than soft grain, and its starch generated from a cross between Grandin, a hard spring wheat variety, and AC Reed, a soft spring wheat variety. The genetic map included 320 markers in 43 linkage groups and spanned 3555 cM. Quadrumat-milled flour yield, softness equivalent, flour protein content and alkaline water retention capacity were evaluated for three locations and one year, and Allis-Chalmers milling, mixograph, and cookie baking tests were completed without replication. The effect of qualitative variation for kernel texture, caused by the segregation of the Hardness gene, was granules are damaged more during milling. Damaged

Flávio Breseghello; Patrick L. Finney; Charles Gaines; Lonnie Andrews; James Tanaka; Gregory Penner; Mark E. Sorrells

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fuel ethanol produced from U.S. Midwest corn : help or hindrance to the vision of Kyoto?  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we examined the role of corn-feedstock ethanol in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, given present and near-future technology and practice for corn farming and ethanol production. We analyzed the full-fuel-cycle GHG effects of corn-based ethanol using updated information on corn operations in the upper Midwest and existing ethanol production technologies. Information was obtained from representatives of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, faculty of midwestern universities with expertise in corn production and animal feed, and acknowledged authorities in the field of ethanol plant engineering, design, and operations. Cases examined included use of E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline by volume) and E10 (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline). Among key findings is that Midwest-produced ethanol outperforms conventional (current) and reformulated (future) gasoline with respect to energy use and GHG emissions (on a mass emission per travel mile basis). The superiority of the energy and GHG results is well outside the range of model noise. An important facet of this work has been conducting sensitivity analyses. These analyses let us rank the factors in the corn-to-ethanol cycle that are most important for limiting GHG generation. These rankings could help ensure that efforts to reduce that generation are targeted more effectively.

Wang, M.; Saricks, C.; Wu, M.; Energy Systems

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of corn and cellulosic ethanol with technology improvements and land use changes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Use of ethanol as a transportation fuel in the United States has grown from 76 dam{sup 3} in 1980 to over 40.1 hm{sup 3} in 2009 - and virtually all of it has been produced from corn. It has been debated whether using corn ethanol results in any energy and greenhouse gas benefits. This issue has been especially critical in the past several years, when indirect effects, such as indirect land use changes, associated with U.S. corn ethanol production are considered in evaluation. In the past three years, modeling of direct and indirect land use changes related to the production of corn ethanol has advanced significantly. Meanwhile, technology improvements in key stages of the ethanol life cycle (such as corn farming and ethanol production) have been made. With updated simulation results of direct and indirect land use changes and observed technology improvements in the past several years, we conducted a life-cycle analysis of ethanol and show that at present and in the near future, using corn ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emission by more than 20%, relative to those of petroleum gasoline. On the other hand, second-generation ethanol could achieve much higher reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In a broader sense, sound evaluation of U.S. biofuel policies should account for both unanticipated consequences and technology potentials. We maintain that the usefulness of such evaluations is to provide insight into how to prevent unanticipated consequences and how to promote efficient technologies with policy intervention.

Wang, M.; Han, J.; Haq, Z; Tyner, .W.; Wu, M.; Elgowainy, A. (Energy Systems)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Biorefinery Concept Development Based on Wheat Flour Milling  

SciTech Connect

We are developing an innovative process for the recovery of a starch-rich product from millfeed (the low-value byproduct of wheat flour milling); enzymatic processing of the starch to glucose; and the subsequent processes for conversion of that glucose into a value-added product by either a catalytic or a fermentation process. We have completed the development of the starch recovery step with enzymatic processing and the assessment of its economic viability. The processes to use the glucose product as feedstock for catalytic processing and fermentation processing have been tested in the laboratory. Catalytic processing of the glucose from the extracted starch for polyol production is based on catalytic hydrogenation to sorbitol. Alternatively, fermentation of the extracted starch-derived glucose also provides a pathway to value-added chemical products via a platform chemical, lactic acid. The paper includes results from all the processing areas addressed. Starch extraction and glucose generation from wheat milling byproducts are presented with laboratory and scaled-up processing results. Results of fermentation of the glucose product to lactic acid in shaker flask tests are presented, documenting the minimal requirements for nutrient addition. Stirred batch reactor tests of catalytic hydrogenation of the glucose product to sorbitol are presented with a discussion of contaminant effects on the catalyst.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Orth, Rick J.; Werpy, Todd A.; Gao, Johnway; Eakin, David E.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Murry, J; Flagg, Anthony; Lahman, L; Mennel, D; Lin, C J.; Landucci, Ron; Crockett, John; Peterson, Charles L.

2002-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Biorefinery Concept Development Based On Wheat Flour Milling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new process is being developed to extract starch from millfeed, the low-value byproduct of wheat flour milling, and convert it to glucose through enzymatic processing. The millfeed-derived glucose will then be converted to value-added products, such as polyol, through a catalytic process, or lactic acid, through a fermentation process. The starch (glucose) recovery process has been tested through the pilot scale. Catalytic and fermentation processes have been tested in the laboratory. The process developed for glucose recovery from wheat millfeed includes hot water extraction of starch and filtration of a fibrous animal feed coproduct, followed by enzymatic liquefaction and saccharification of the extracted starch, with filtration of a high-protein coproduct. The bench-scale tests showed that a glucose yield of approximately 30% on a dry millfeed basis could be achieved, which corresponds to the recovery of essentially all the glucose value in the millfeed. Glucose yields with the pilot-scale system were comparable, although filtration was more difficult.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Orth, Rick J.; Gao, Johnway; Werpy, Todd A.; Eakin, David E.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.

2002-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

Energy Efficiency Improvements and Cost Saving Opportunities in the Corn Wet Milling Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry in the food and kindred products group (SIC 20). Plants typically spend approximately $15 to 25 million per year on energy, one of its largest operating costs, making energy efficiency improvement an important way to reduce costs and increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy-price volatility. After describing the industry's trends, structure and production and the process's energy use, we examine energy-efficiency opportunities for corn wet millers. Where available, we provide energy savings and typical payback periods for each measure based on case studies of plants that have implemented it. Given available resources and technology, there are opportunities to reduce energy consumption cost-effectively in the industry while maintaining the quality of the products produced. Further research on the economics of the measures and their applicability to different wet milling practices is needed to assess implementation of selected technologies at individual plants.

Galitsky, C.; Worrell, E.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Replacement of petroleum based hydraulic fluids with a soybean-based alternative  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Despite the best preventative measures, ruptured hoses, spills and leaks occur with use of all hydraulic equipment. Although these releases do not usually produce a RCRA regulated waste, they are often a reportable occurrence. Clean-up and subsequent administrative procedure involves additional costs, labor and work delays. Concerns over these releases, especially related to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) vehicles hauling waste on public roads prompted Fleet Services (FS) to seek an alternative to the standard petroleum based hydraulic fluid. Since 1996 SNL has participated in a pilot program with the University of Iowa (UNI) and selected vehicle manufacturers, notably John Deere, to field test hydraulic fluid produced from soybean oil in twenty of its vehicles. The vehicles included loaders, graders, sweepers, forklifts and garbage trucks. Research was conducted for several years at UNI to modify and market soybean oils for industrial uses. Soybean oil ranks first in worldwide production of vegetable oils (29%), and represents a tremendous renewable resource. Initial tests with soybean oil showed excellent lubrication and wear protection properties. Lack of oxidative stability and polymerization of the oil were concerns. These concerns were being addressed through genetic alteration, chemical modification and use of various additives, and the improved lubricant is in the field testing stage.

Rose, B.; Rivera, P.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Effect of loading rate variation on soybean protein wastewater treatment by UASB reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the efficiency and evaluate the feasibility of anaerobic digestion for treatment of soybean protein wastewater. The stability and performance of the Up?Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) process was investigated at different organic loading rates (OLRS) and hydraulic retention times over 200 days. When chemical oxygen demand (COD) reached maximum

Yi Sun; Yongfeng Li; Zi?rui Guo; An?ying Jiao; Wei Han; Chuan?ping Yang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 14 Deodorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 14 Deodorization Processing eChapters Processing 50A1D3D7CA7D54C9052C2A865A543195 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 14 Deodorization

406

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 22 Soy Foods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 22 Soy Foods Processing eChapters Processing 37663F0039EBE3BCA80DEDC9EB92A3B8 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 22 Soy Foods from ...

407

Private governance in royalty collection Effectiveness and limitations in tracing GM soybean in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Brazil Patricio. Mendez del Vilar1 , Carlos Magri Ferreira2 , Juliana Galvarros Bueno Lobo Ribeiro3, Brazil. 3 University of Brasilia, Brazil Summary This paper focuses on the emergence of an institutional innovation along with the diffusion of Genetically Modified Soybean in Brazil. It results in private

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

Virtual and Embedded Nutrient Flows from Soybean Production in Mato Grosso, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grosso, Brazil Michael J. Lathuillière1,2 (mlathuilliere@gmail.com), Eduardo Guimarães Couto2, Mark S (Vancouver, BC Canada) 2Departamento de Solos, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (Cuiabá, MT Brazil) 3 calculated from annual yields (IBGE 2012) Methods Soybean in Mato Grosso, Brazil Mato Grosso is home

409

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 27 Plant Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 27 Plant Management Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press 377F68C2D2655EA5F34A6CA8145DE3CB AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 27 P

410

Small Wind Electric Systems: A Guide Produced for the American Corn Growers Foundation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the Small Wind Electric Systems Consumer's Guide produced for the AGCF is to provide members of the foundation with enough information to help them determine if a small wind electric system will work for them based on their wind resource, the type and size of their sites, and their economics. The cover of this guide contains the results of the 2003 National Corn Producer Survey Wind Energy Issues.

Not Available

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Corn Stover Conversion to Biofuels: DOE's Preparation for Readiness in 2012 (Guest Editorial)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today, the United States Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 focuses on biofuels support research and development (R and D) needed to enable achieving respective volumetric and cost targets. Indeed, the worldwide objective is to bring us closer to independence from transportation fuels derived from fossil resources. This Special Issue highlights key areas of science and technology that impact the rollout of viable corn stover biofuels processes by 2012.

Himmel, M. E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Life-cycle assessment of corn-based butanol as a potential transportation fuel.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Butanol produced from bio-sources (such as corn) could have attractive properties as a transportation fuel. Production of butanol through a fermentation process called acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) has been the focus of increasing research and development efforts. Advances in ABE process development in recent years have led to drastic increases in ABE productivity and yields, making butanol production worthy of evaluation for use in motor vehicles. Consequently, chemical/fuel industries have announced their intention to produce butanol from bio-based materials. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential life-cycle energy and emission effects associated with using bio-butanol as a transportation fuel. The study employs a well-to-wheels analysis tool--the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory--and the Aspen Plus{reg_sign} model developed by AspenTech. The study describes the butanol production from corn, including grain processing, fermentation, gas stripping, distillation, and adsorption for products separation. The Aspen{reg_sign} results that we obtained for the corn-to-butanol production process provide the basis for GREET modeling to estimate life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. The GREET model was expanded to simulate the bio-butanol life cycle, from agricultural chemical production to butanol use in motor vehicles. We then compared the results for bio-butanol with those of conventional gasoline. We also analyzed the bio-acetone that is coproduced with bio-butanol as an alternative to petroleum-based acetone. Our study shows that, while the use of corn-based butanol achieves energy benefits and reduces greenhouse gas emissions, the results are affected by the methods used to treat the acetone that is co-produced in butanol plants.

Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Liu, J.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

413

Biofuels Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Soy 6.2% Wheat straw 6.1% Corn stover 19.9% ... Cellulosic Materials •Poplar •Maize/Corn Stover •Switchgrass •Brachypodium •Sorghum ...

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

414

Issue 10, July 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resources of coal and biomass - biomass including such growing things as wheat straw, corn stover, switchgrass, mixed hardwood and distillers' dried grains with corn fiber, and...

415

Netlog, Volume 10, July 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resources of coal and biomass - biomass including such growing things as wheat straw, corn stover, switchgrass, mixed hardwood and distillers' dried grains with corn fiber, and...

416

A model system for edible vaccination using recombinant avidin produced in corn seed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown that transgenic plants can be utilized to produce subunit vaccines that are capable of eliciting protective immune responses. Expressing these subunits in edible plant tissues gives the potential for edible vaccines. Edible vaccines have many benefits over current vaccine technologies including increased safety, stability, economy, and efficacy. In these experiments, we have investigated the possibility of using corn seed as a production system for novel edible vaccines. We established that a model protein (avidin) produced in corn seed could elicit both serum and mucosal immune responses when fed to mice. In addition, we determined that differences in the feeding regime could be exploited to enhance the type of response obtained. Since unprocessed corn seed is not typically used as a human food source, we investigated the effects of processing on the ability of the recombinant avidin to stimulate the immune responses. Finally, we explored the possibility of using the heat-labile enterotoxin subunit B protein from Escherichia coli to potentiate the immune responses.

Bailey, Michele Renee

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Succinic Acid as a Byproduct in a Corn-based Ethanol Biorefinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MBI endeavored to develop a process for succinic acid production suitable for integration into a corn-based ethanol biorefinery. The project investigated the fermentative production of succinic acid using byproducts of corn mill operations. The fermentation process was attuned to include raw starch, endosperm, as the sugar source. A clean-not-sterile process was established to treat the endosperm and release the monomeric sugars. We developed the fermentation process to utilize a byproduct of corn ethanol fermentations, thin stillage, as the source of complex nitrogen and vitamin components needed to support succinic acid production in A. succinogenes. Further supplementations were eliminated without lowering titers and yields and a productivity above 0.6 g l-1 hr-1was achieved. Strain development was accomplished through generation of a recombinant strain that increased yields of succinic acid production. Isolation of additional strains with improved features was also pursued and frozen stocks were prepared from enriched, characterized cultures. Two recovery processes were evaluated at pilot scale and data obtained was incorporated into our economic analyses.

MBI International

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

1 DISTILLERS BY-PRODUCTS AND CORN STOVER AS FUELS FOR ETHANOL PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Dry-grind ethanol plants have the potential to reduce their operating costs and improve their net energy balances by using biomass as the source of process heat and electricity. We utilized ASPEN PLUS software to model various technology bundles of equipment, fuels and operating activities that are capable of supplying energy and satisfying emissions requirements for dry-grind ethanol plants of 50 and 100 million gallons per year capacity using corn stover, distillers dried grains and solubles (DDGS), or a mixture of corn stover and “syrup ” (the solubles portion of DDGS). In addition to their own requirements, plants producing 50 and 100 million gallons of ethanol are capable of supplying 5-7 or 10-14 MegaWatts of electricity to the grid, respectively. Economic analysis showed favorable rates of return for biomass alternatives compared to conventional plants using natural gas and purchased electricity over a range of conditions. The mixture of corn stover and syrup provided the highest rates of return in general. Factors favoring biomass included a higher premium for low carbon footprint ethanol, higher natural gas prices, lower DDGS prices, lower ethanol

Douglas G. Tiffany; R. Vance Morey; Matt De Kam; Douglas G. Tiffany; R. Vance Morey; Matt De Kam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Effects of Solid-State Yeast Treatment on the Antioxidant Properties and Protein and Fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of grain. Primarily, the grinding of wheat for whole-wheat flour and corn for cornmeal or grits. Soft winter wheat will be sufficient to make whole wheat flour. In addition, buckwheat in small to purchase yellow corn that has been cleaned through a separator. Cleaned wheat can also be obtained locally

Liu, Jian-Guo

420

VI. Dam and Raceway Some discussion of the dam gate valve has already taken place. As mentioned earlier, the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of grain. Primarily, the grinding of wheat for whole-wheat flour and corn for cornmeal or grits. Soft winter wheat will be sufficient to make whole wheat flour. In addition, buckwheat in small to purchase yellow corn that has been cleaned through a separator. Cleaned wheat can also be obtained locally

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Boston University, Sargent College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences 635 Commonwealth Avenue E-mail: scnc@bu.edu www.bu.edu/scnutrition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

precede the grain. Wheat flour, enriched wheat flour and unbleached wheat flour are not whole grain of these essential oils to increase flavor and satisfaction. Whole Grains Whole grain breads Whole wheat English muffins Whole wheat bagels, mini bagels Whole wheat or corn tortillas Whole wheat pitas Cereal

422

Review: Continuous hydrolysis and fermentation for cellulosic ethanol production Simone Brethauer, Charles E. Wyman *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

precede the grain. Wheat flour, enriched wheat flour and unbleached wheat flour are not whole grain of these essential oils to increase flavor and satisfaction. Whole Grains Whole grain breads Whole wheat English muffins Whole wheat bagels, mini bagels Whole wheat or corn tortillas Whole wheat pitas Cereal

California at Riverside, University of

423

Scientific Posters from SoyFACE: Soybean Free Air Concentration Enrichment  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

SoyFACE is located in central Illinois and managed by the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. A small, similar experiment called CornFACE is also conducted here. The results of the experiments are reported in scientific posters and in the publications listed at http://soyface.illinois.edu/publications.htm. See also the image collection.

424

Mathematical model parameters for describing the particle size spectra of knife-milled corn stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle size distributions of Corn stover (Zea mays L.) created by a knife mill were determined using integral classifying screens with sizes from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, operating at speeds from 250 to 500 rpm, and mass input rates ranging from 1 to 9 kg min_1. Particle distributions were classified using American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) standardised sieves for forage analysis that incorporated a horizontal sieving motion. The sieves were made from machined-aluminium with their thickness proportional to the sieve opening dimensions. A wide range of analytical descriptors that could be used to mathematically represent the range of particle sizes in the distributions were examined. The correlation coefficients between geometric mean length and screen size, feed rate, and speed were 0.980, 0.612, and _0.027, respectively. Screen size and feed rate directly influenced particle size, whereas operating speed had a weak indirect relation with particle size. The Rosin Rammler equation fitted the chopped corn stover size distribution data with coefficient of determination (R2) > 0.978. This indicated that particle size distribution of corn stover was well-fit by the Rosin Rammler function. This can be attributed to the fact that Rosin Rammler expression was well suited to the skewed distribution of particle sizes. Skewed distributions occurred when significant quantities of particles, either finer or coarser, existed or were removed from region of the predominant size. The mass relative span was slightly greater than 1, which indicated that it was a borderline narrow to wide distribution of particle sizes. The uniformity coefficient was corn stover produced fine-skewed mesokurtic particles with 12.7 50.8 mm screens. Size-related parameters, namely, geometric mean length, Rosin Rammler size parameter, median length, effective length, and size guide number, were well predicted at R2 values of 0.981, 0.982, 0.979, 0.950 and 0.978, respectively as a function of knife mill screen size, feed rate, and speed. Results of this analysis of particle sizes could be applied to the selection of knife mill operating parameters to produce a particular size of corn stover chop, and could serve as a guide for the relationships among various analytic descriptors of biomass particle distributions.

Bitra, V.S.P [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Yang, Y.T. [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I. [University of Tennessee; Igathanathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

appear in the syrup refinery through process integration –etc. In many corn refineries, some of the dextrose solutionjet conversion of starch in refineries. Flue gas is used for

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

EFFECTS OF CONVENTIONAL OR BMR CORN SILAGE FED AT TWO LEVELS ON INTAKE, MILK YIELD AND COMPOSITION, AND RUMEN FERMENTATION OF HOLSTEIN DAIRY COW.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of Brown Mid Rib (BMR) vs. conventional corn silage fed at two levels on production… (more)

Edwards, Travis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Development of Regional Models that Use Meteorological Variables for Predicting Stripe Rust Disease on Winter Wheat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological variables can be used to predict stripe rust, a disease of wheat caused by Puccinia striiformis West., at Lind, Pullman, and Walla Walla, Washington and Pendleton, Oregon in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Regional ...

Stella Melugin Coakley; William S. Boyd; Roland F. Line

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Diurnal Cycle of Land–Atmosphere Interactions across Oklahoma’s Winter Wheat Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manuscript documents the impact of Oklahoma’s winter wheat belt (WWB) on the near-surface atmosphere by comparing the diurnal cycle of meteorological conditions within the WWB relative to conditions in adjacent counties before and after the ...

Matthew J. Haugland; Kenneth C. Crawford

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Using the Southern Oscillation to Forecast Texas Winter Wheat and Sorghum Crop Yields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series models are used to examine the impact of Southern Oscillation (SO) extreme events in estimating and forecasting Texas sorghum and winter wheat yields. It is shown that a significant correlation between the SO events and yield does not ...

James W. Mjelde; Keith Keplinger

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Using an Integrated Response-Function Method to Explore Agro-Climatic Suitability for Spring Soybean Growth in North China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand agro-climatic suitability for spring soybean growth in north China, an integrated crop-response-function method was developed. This method includes crop-response functions for temperature, precipitation, and sunshine and is assessed ...

Yingbin He; Yanmin Yao; Huajun Tang; Youqi Chen; Jianping Li; Peng Yang; Zhongxin Chen; Xiaoping Xin; Limin Wang; Dandan Li; Hui Deng

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 3 Soy Isoflavones: Chemistry, Processing Effects, Health Benefits, and Commercial Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 3 Soy Isoflavones: Chemistry, Processing Effects, Health Benefits, and Commercial Production Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - N

432

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 10 Soy Molasses: Processing and Utilization as a Functional Food  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 10 Soy Molasses: Processing and Utilization as a Functional Food Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Pre

433

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 14 Use of Biotechnology to Enhance Soy Protein Ingredients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 14 Use of Biotechnology to Enhance Soy Protein Ingredients Food Science Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bio

434

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 8 Biological Mechanisms that Influence Soy Protein Concentration and Composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 8 Biological Mechanisms that Influence Soy Protein Concentration and Composition Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofu

435

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 11 Modern Breeding Approaches to Enhancing Soy Protein Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 11 Modern Breeding Approaches to Enhancing Soy Protein Quality Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts

436

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 8 Barriers to Soy Protein Applications in Food Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 8 Barriers to Soy Protein Applications in Food Products Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press ...

437

Wheat Belt Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belt Public Power Dist Belt Public Power Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 20509 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC/MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DISTRIBUTION HEAVY INDUSTRIAL (E-2) Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Industrial GENERAL PURPOSE - LARGE COMMERCIAL Commercial GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL Residential GENERAL PURPOSE - SMALL COMMERCIAL Commercial IRRIGATION Multi Phase Commercial LARGE POWER Industrial

438

Assessing solar energy and water use efficiencies in winter wheat  

SciTech Connect

The water use and solar energy conversion efficiencies of two cultivars of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L., vars, Centurk and Newton) planted at three densities, were examined during a growing season. Water use, based on soil moisture depletion, was the lowest under the light, and the highest under the heavy planting densities of both cultivars. Water use efficiency of medium and heavy planting densities were greater than the light planting densities in both cultivars. The canopy radiation extinction coefficients of both cultivars increased with increases in planting density. Efficiency of operation interception of photosynthetically active radiation by both cultivars improved from the time of jointing until anthesis, and then decreased during senescence. The efficiency of the conversion of intercepted radiation to dry matter (biochemical efficiency) decreased throughout the growing season both cultivars. The interception, biochemical, and photosynthetic efficiencies improved as planting density increased.

Asrar, G.; Hipps, L.E.; Kanemasu, E.T.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effect of Interleukin-18 Gene Polymorphisms on Sensitization to Wheat Flour in Bakery Workers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lower respiratory symptoms in bakery workers may be induced by wheat flour and endotoxins. We hypothesized that endotoxins from wheat flour may stimulate innate immunity and that interleukin-18 (IL-18) gene polymorphisms may affect their regulatory role in innate immune responses to endotoxins. To investigate the genetic contribution of IL-18 to sensitization to wheat flour, we performed a genetic association study of IL-18 in Korean bakery workers. A total of 373 bakery workers undertook a questionnaire regarding work-related symptoms. Skin prick tests with common and occupational allergens were performed and specific antibodies to wheat flour were measured by ELISA. Three polymorphisms of the IL-18 gene (-607A/C,-137G/C, 8674C/G) were genotyped, and the functional effects of the polymorphisms were analyzed using the luciferase reporter assay. Genotypes of-137G/C (GC or CC) and haplotype ht3 [ACC] showed a significant association with the rate of sensitization to wheat flour. Luciferase activity assay indicated ht3 [AC] as a low transcript haplotype. In conclusion, the regulatory role of IL-18 in lipopolysaccharide-induced responses in bakery workers may be affected by this polymorphism, thus contributing to the development of sensitization to wheat flour and work-related respiratory symptoms.

Seung-hyun Kim; Gyu-young Hur; Hyun Jung Jin; Hyunna Choi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Evaluation of amino acid supplementation of soybean-meal-based diets for hybrid striped bass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis) aquaculture is a major commercial enterprise in the United States and internationally. Efforts to decrease diet costs and limit dependence on fishmeal, have led to the development of plant-based diets as an alternative aquafeed. Due to limiting concentrations of amino acids such as methionine, cystine, and taurine in plant meals such as soybean meal, supplementation of these plant-based diets with methionine or other sulfur amino acid compounds is typically required. Therefore, the current study was conducted to evaluate different amino acid supplements in soybean-meal-based diets for hybrid striped bass for possible refinement of diets and reduction of production costs. One feeding trial evaluated methionine hydroxy analog (MHA) and Mintrex® which is MHA containing chelated zinc relative to L-methionine. The second trial evaluated the effects of supplemental taurine or arginine on fish performance and potential health benefits. In the first feeding trial, a basal soybean-meal-based diet (56% soybean meal and 15% fishmeal) marginally deficient in total sulfur amino acids (TSSA) (1.10% methionine and cystine) was supplemented with either L-methionine, Mintrex® or MHA calcium salt and fed to triplicate groups of juvenile hybrid striped bass for 10 weeks. The different methionine supplements provided similar weight gain, feed efficiency ratio (FER) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) values that tended to be greater than observed in fish fed the basal diet. Mintrex® supplementation provided much higher plasma zinc concentrations compared to fish fed the other methionine supplements. In the second feeding trial, soybean-meal based diets which satisfied the requirement for TSAA were supplemented with either taurine or arginine at 1.5% of dry weight. Supplemental taurine or arginine did not provide any improvements in weight gain, FER, PER or survival compared to the basal diet. Thus, taurine or arginine supplementation of soybean-meal-based diets does not appear warranted. However, sulfur amino acid supplementation of plant-based diets is critical, and Mintrex® appears to be an effective supplement to meet the methionine and zinc needs of hybrid striped bass.

Savolainen, Lea Christine

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Guillermo Payet: Founder, LocalHarvest.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have mainly big soybean and corn plantations. They’re notto the soil. Crops like corn require a lot of nitrogen. Itpacker. They just grow #2 corn or whatever, and they’ve been

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Jered Lawson and Nancy Vail: Pie Ranch: A Rural Center for Urban Renewal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the community garden harvesting sweet corn and giving me anear of that sweet corn. There’s a memory there of that.we do this with soybeans and corn? And why are we, all of a

Rabkin, Sarah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Model estimates food-versus-biofuel trade-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comprising markets for corn, soybeans, ethanol and gasoline.corn prices would likely have remained above specified loan rates for 2007 without ethanol-ethanol subsidies, therefore, is not likely to have been offset by re- duced subsidies to corn.

Rajagapol, Deepak; Sexton, Steven; Hochman, Gal; Roland-Holst, David; Zilberman, David D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

ARE Update Volume 12, Number 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yield Area Ending Stocks corn-ethanol and soybean-biodiesel,Q FB . The quantity of corn for ethanol is Q TB – Q FB . Asethanol, we find that ethanol raised corn prices at least 18

Sexton, Steven E; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D; Aker, Jenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

OCCURRENCE OF DISEASES AND INSECT PESTS IN SELECT SOYBEAN (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) AND SORGHUM(Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) ROTATIONS IN MISSISSIPPI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Field and greenhouse studies were conducted during 2004 through 2006 at the Rodney R. Foil Plant Science Research Center, Starkville, MS. Six sorghum and soybean… (more)

Pichardo, Sergio T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Lipid Metabolism in Bovine Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue of Steers Fed Supplementary Palm Oil or Soybean Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We hypothesized that supplementing finishing diets with palm oil would elevate Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity in muscle and subcutaneous (s.c.) adipose tissue, promoting adipocyte differentiation and increase monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) in beef, particularly oleic acid. Soybean oil supplementation was used as a negative control. Eighteen Angus steers were assigned randomly to three groups of 6 steers and fed a basal diet without additional fat, with 3% palm oil (rich in palmitic acid), or with 3% soybean oil (rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids), top dressed daily. There were no significant differences across treatment in quality grade, REA, 12th rib fat thickness, or yield grade. Palm oil tended to increase marbling score (P = 0.33). Palm oil supplementation decreased the concentration of myristic acid (P = 0.04), and tended to decrease the concentration of t10, c12 CLA (P = 0.07) and 18:3n-3 (P = 0.06) in s.c. adipose tissue while soybean supplementation increased c9, t11 CLA (P = 0.02) and 18:3n-3 (P = 0.03) in muscle. Palm oil supplementation increased both glucose and acetate incorporation into total lipids of s.c. adipose tissue (both P = 0.03). Volume of s.c. adipocytes was greater in cattle supplemented with palm oil than in soybean- supplemented cattle (P = 0.004). Enzyme activity of G-6-PDH tended to be greater in steers consuming palm oil supplement (P = 0.10). We conclude that there was a partial interaction between palm oil supplementation and adipocyte differentiation. Palm oil supplementation increased s.c. adipocyte content without deteriorating meat quality traits and tended to increase marbling.

Gang, Gyoung Ok

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis of Soybean Root Hairs Inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum  

SciTech Connect

Root hairs are single hair-forming cells on roots that function to increase root surface area, enhancing water and nutrient uptake. In leguminous plants, root hairs also play a critical role as the site of infection by symbiotic nitrogen fixing rhizobia, leading to the formation of a novel organ, the nodule. The initial steps in the rhizobia-root hair infection process are known to involve specific receptor kinases and subsequent kinase cascades. Here, we characterize the phosphoproteome of the root hairs and the corresponding stripped roots (i.e., roots from which root hairs were removed) during rhizobial colonization and infection to gain insight into the molecular mechanism of root hair cell biology. We chose soybean (Glycine max L.), one of the most important crop plants in the legume family, for this study because of its larger root size, which permits isolation of sufficient root hair material for phosphoproteomic analysis. Phosphopeptides derived from root hairs and stripped roots, mock inoculated or inoculated with the soybean-specific rhizobium Bradyrhizobium japonicum, were labeled with the isobaric tag 8-plex ITRAQ, enriched using Ni-NTA magnetic beads and subjected to nRPLC-MS/MS analysis using HCD and decision tree guided CID/ETD strategy. A total of 1,625 unique phosphopeptides, spanning 1,659 non-redundant phosphorylation sites, were detected from 1,126 soybean phosphoproteins. Among them, 273 phosphopeptides corresponding to 240 phosphoproteins were found to be significantly regulated (>1.5 fold abundance change) in response to inoculation with B. japonicum. The data reveal unique features of the soybean root hair phosphoproteome, including root hair and stripped root-specific phosphorylation suggesting a complex network of kinase-substrate and phosphatase-substrate interactions in response to rhizobial inoculation.

Nguyen, Tran H.; Brechenmacher, Laurent; Aldrich, Joshua T.; Clauss, Therese RW; Gritsenko, Marina A.; Hixson, Kim K.; Libault, Marc; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Yang, Feng; Yao, Qiuming; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Xu, Dong; Nguyen, Henry T.; Stacey, Gary

2012-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

448

311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,,"Renewable Energy" " "," ",,,"(excluding Wood" "NAICS"," ","Total Onsite",,"and" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Generation","Cogeneration(b)","Other Biomass)(c)","Other(d)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",2.8,1.1,86.8,37.8 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",0.7,0.7,"X",0 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0 31131," Sugar Manufacturing",0,0,"X",0 3114," Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods ",1.2,1.2,"X",44.1

449

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: Ohio Sites 1 (Mixed Hay) and 2 (Corn)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this work conducted during 2008–2010 were to evaluate potential beneficial agricultural uses of flue gas desulphurization gypsum (FGDG) in eastern Ohio and to assess the potential for environmental effects of the use of FGDG. Two field experiments were conducted at the eastern Ohio research site, one involving a mixed-grass hay field and the other a corn (Zea mays L.) field. FGDG and mined gypsum product were applied one time at rates of 0.2, 2.0, and 20 megagrams ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

450

Recovery of Recombinant and Native Proteins from Rice and Corn Seed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plants are potential sources of valuable recombinant and native proteins that can be purified for pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and food applications. Transgenic rice and corn germ were evaluated for the production of novel protein products. This dissertation addresses: 1) the extraction and purification of the recombinant protein, human lysozyme (HuLZ), from transgenic rice and 2) the processing of dry-milled corn germ for the production of high protein germ and corn protein concentrate (CPC). The factors affecting the extraction and purification of HuLZ from rice were evaluated. Ionic strength and pH was used to optimize HuLZ extraction and cation exchange purification. The selected conditions, pH 4.5 with 50 mM NaCl, were a compromise between HuLZ extractability and binding capacity, resulting in 90% purity. Process simulation was used to assess the HuLZ purification efficiency and showed that the processing costs were comparable to native lysozyme purification from egg-white, the current predominant lysozyme source. Higher purity HuLZ (95%) could be achieved using pH 4.5 extraction followed by pH 6 adsorption, but the binding capacity was unexpectedly reduced by 80%. The rice impurity, phytic acid, was identified as the potential cause of the unacceptably low capacity. Enzymatic (phytase) treatment prior to adsorption improved purification, implicating phytic acid as the primary culprit. Two processing methods were proposed to reduce this interference: 1) pH 10 extraction followed by pH 4.5 precipitation and pH 6 adsorption and 2) pH 4.5 extraction and pH 6 adsorption in the presence of TRIS counter-ions. Both methods improved the binding capacity from 8.6 mg/mL to >25 mg/mL and maintained HuLZ purity. Processing of dry-milled corn germ to increase protein and oil content was evaluated using germ wet milling. In this novel method, dry-milled germ is soaked and wet processed to produce higher value protein products. Lab-scale and pilot-scale experiments identified soaking conditions that reduced germ starch content, enhanced protein and oil content, and maintained germ PDI (protein dispersibility index). Soaking at neutral pH and 25 degrees C maintained germ PDI and improved CPC yield from defatted germ flour. CPC with greater than 75% protein purity was produced using protein precipitation or membrane filtration.

Wilken, Lisa Rachelle

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 On this page you'll find information about the Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 14 August 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Green Building Studio, Inc. 444 Tenth Street, Suite 300 Santa Rosa, California 95401

452

Impact of Corn Stover Composition on Hemicellulose Conversion during Dilute Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Cellulose Digestibility of the Pretreated Solids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assessed the impact of corn stover compositional variability on xylose conversion yields during dilute acid pretreatment and on enzymatic cellulose digestibility of the resulting pretreated solids. Seven compositionally-different stovers obtained from various locations throughout the United States were pretreated at three different conditions in triplicate in a pilot-scale continuous reactor. At the same pretreatment severity, a 2-fold increase in monomeric xylose yield and a 1.5-fold increase in enzymatic cellulose digestibility from their lowest values were found. Similar results were observed at the other pretreatment conditions. It was found that xylose conversion yields decreased with increasing acid neutralization capacity or soil content of the corn stover. Xylose yields also increased with increasing xylan content. No other significant correlations between corn stover's component concentrations and conversion yields were found.

Weiss, N. D.; Farmer, J. D.; Schell, D. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Death Valley Indian Farming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mills and handstones, long employed for wild seeds, were pressed into service for grinding corn and wheat into flour, and

Wallace, William J

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The impacts of improving Brazil's transportation infrastructure on the world soybean market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lack of adequate transportation infrastructure in Brazil has been a bottleneck for the soybean producers for many years. Moreover, the costly inland transportation incurred from this bottleneck has resulted in a loss in competitiveness for Brazil compared to other exporting countries, especially the United States. If transportation costs are reduced by introducing improved infrastructure, Brazil is expected to increase its competitiveness in the world soybean market by increasing its exports and producer revenues. On the other hand, the United States and other significant soybean competing exporting countries are expected to lose market share as well as producer revenues. This study uses a spatial equilibrium model to analyze transportation infrastructure improvements proposed by the Brazilian government vis-à-vis enhance the nation’s soybean transportation network. The analyzed transportation improvements are: (i) the development of the Tapajós-Teles Pires waterway; (ii) the completion of the BR- 163 highway; (iii) the construction of the Mortes-Araguaia waterway; (iv) the Ferronorte railroad expansion to Rondonópolis and the linkage between the city of Rio Verde to Uberlândia; and (v) the Ferropar railroad expansion to the city of Dourados. The model specifies the Brazilian inland transportation network and the international ocean shipments. The model divides Brazil into 18 excess supply regions and 8 excess demand regions. The competing exporting countries are the United States, Argentina, Rest of South America (Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay), Canada, and India. The importing countries are composed of China, European Union, Southeast Asia, Mexico, and the Rest of the World. Results suggest these proposed transportation improvements yield potential noteworthy gains to Brazil with producer revenues increasing more than $500 million and exports increasing by 177 thousand metric tons. Consequently, the world soybean price declines by $1.16 per metric ton and producer revenues and exports in the United States fall by 63 thousand metric tons and $104.89 million, respectively. Although the absolute gains in price, revenues, and exports for Brazil are considerable, they only represent in relative changes 1.48, 2.35, and 0.32 percent, respectively. Similarly, the loss in price, revenue, and export value for the United States is also low, declining by 0.23, 0.23, and 0.12 percent, respectively.

Costa, Rafael de Farias

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The impacts of improving Brazil's transportation infrastructure on the world soybean market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lack of adequate transportation infrastructure in Brazil has been a bottleneck for the soybean producers for many years. Moreover, the costly inland transportation incurred from this bottleneck has resulted in a loss in competitiveness for Brazil compared to other exporting countries, especially the United States. If transportation costs are reduced by introducing improved infrastructure, Brazil is expected to increase its competitiveness in the world soybean market by increasing its exports and producer revenues. On the other hand, the United States and other significant soybean competing exporting countries are expected to lose market share as well as producer revenues. This study uses a spatial equilibrium model to analyze transportation infrastructure improvements proposed by the Brazilian government vis-a?-vis enhance the nation's soybean transportation network. The analyzed transportation improvements are: (i) the development of the Tapajo?s-Teles Pires waterway; (ii) the completion of the BR- 163 highway; (iii) the construction of the Mortes-Araguaia waterway; (iv) the Ferronorte railroad expansion to Rondono?polis and the linkage between the city of Rio Verde to Uberla?ndia; and (v) the Ferropar railroad expansion to the city of Dourados. The model specifies the Brazilian inland transportation network and the international ocean shipments. The model divides Brazil into 18 excess supply regions and 8 excess demand regions. The competing exporting countries are the United States, Argentina, Rest of South America (Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay), Canada, and India. The importing countries are composed of China, European Union, Southeast Asia, Mexico, and the Rest of the World. Results suggest these proposed transportation improvements yield potential noteworthy gains to Brazil with producer revenues increasing more than $500 million and exports increasing by 177 thousand metric tons. Consequently, the world soybean price declines by $1.16 per metric ton and producer revenues and exports in the United States fall by 63 thousand metric tons and $104.89 million, respectively. Although the absolute gains in price, revenues, and exports for Brazil are considerable, they only represent in relative changes 1.48, 2.35, and 0.32 percent, respectively. Similarly, the loss in price, revenue, and export value for the United States is also low, declining by 0.23, 0.23, and 0.12 percent, respectively.

Costa, Rafael de Farias

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Original paper: Detection of Fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat using visible/near-infrared hyperspectral imaging and principal component analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fusarium damage in wheat reduces the quality and safety of food and feed products. In this study, the use of hyperspectral imaging was investigated to detect fusarium damaged kernels (FDK) in Canadian wheat samples. Eight hundred kernels of Canada Western ... Keywords: Fusarium damage, Spectral imaging, Wheat

Muhammad A. Shahin; Stephen J. Symons

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Synergistic Enhancement of Cellobiohydrolase Performance on Pretreated Corn Stover by Addition of Xylanase and Esterase Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant increases in the depolymerization of corn stover cellulose by cellobiohydrolase I (Cel7A) from Trichoderma reesei were observed using small quantities of non-cellulolytic cell wall-degrading enzymes. Purified endoxylanase (XynA), ferulic acid esterase (FaeA), and acetyl xylan esterase (Axe1) all enhanced Cel7A performance on corn stover subjected to hot water pretreatment. In all cases, the addition of these activities improved the effectiveness of the enzymatic hydrolysis in terms of the quantity of cellulose converted per milligram of total protein. Improvement in cellobiose release by the addition of the non-cellulolytic enzymes ranged from a 13-84% increase over Cel7A alone. The most effective combinations included the addition of both XynA and Axe1, which synergistically enhance xylan conversions resulting in additional synergistic improvements in glucan conversion. Additionally, we note a direct relationship between enzymatic xylan removal in the presence of XynA and the enhancement of cellulose hydrolysis by Cel7A.

Selig, M. J.; Knoshaug E. P.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.; Decker, S. R.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Detecting Cellulase Penetration Into Corn Stover Cell Walls by Immuno-Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In general, pretreatments are designed to enhance the accessibility of cellulose to enzymes, allowing for more efficient conversion. In this study, we have detected the penetration of major cellulases present in a commercial enzyme preparation (Spezyme CP) into corn stem cell walls following mild-, moderate- and high-severity dilute sulfuric acid pretreatments. The Trichoderma reesei enzymes, Cel7A (CBH I) and Cel7B (EG I), as well as the cell wall matrix components xylan and lignin were visualized within digested corn stover cell walls by immuno transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using enzyme- and polymer-specific antibodies. Low severity dilute-acid pretreatment (20 min at 100 C) enabled <1% of the thickness of secondary cell walls to be penetrated by enzyme, moderate severity pretreatment at (20 min at 120 C) allowed the enzymes to penetrate {approx}20% of the cell wall, and the high severity (20 min pretreatment at 150 C) allowed 100% penetration of even the thickest cell walls. These data allow direct visualization of the dramatic effect dilute-acid pretreatment has on altering the condensed ultrastructure of biomass cell walls. Loosening of plant cell wall structure due to pretreatment and the subsequently improved access by cellulases has been hypothesized by the biomass conversion community for over two decades, and for the first time, this study provides direct visual evidence to verify this hypothesis. Further, the high-resolution enzyme penetration studies presented here provide insight into the mechanisms of cell wall deconstruction by cellulolytic enzymes.

Donohoe, B. S.; Selig, M. J.; Viamajala, S.; Vinzant, T. B.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

EFFECT OF ANATOMICAL FRACTIONATION ON THE ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF ACID AND ALKALINE PRETREATED CORN STOVER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to concerns with biomass collection systems and soil sustainability there are opportunities to investigate the optimal plant fractions to collect for conversion. An ideal feedstock would require low severity pretreatment to release a maximum amount of sugar during enzymatic hydrolysis. Corn stover fractions were separated by hand and analyzed for glucan, xylan, acid soluble lignin, acid insoluble lignin, and ash composition. The stover fractions were also pretreated with either 0, 0.4, or 0.8% NaOH for 2 hours at room temperature, washed, autoclaved and saccharified. In addition, acid pretreated samples underwent simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) to ethanol. In general, the two pretreatments produced similar trends with cobs, husks, and leaves responding best to the pretreatments, the tops of stalks responding slightly less, and the bottom of the stalks responding the least. For example, corn husks pretreated with 0.8% NaOH released over 90% (standard error of 3.8%) of the available glucan, while only 45% (standard error of 1.1%) of the glucan was produced from identically treated stalk bottoms. Estimates of the theoretical ethanol yield using acid pretreatment followed by SSF were 65% (standard error of 15.9%) for husks and 29% (standard error of 1.8%) for stalk bottoms. This suggests that integration of biomass collection systems to remove sustainable feedstocks could be integrated with the processes within a biorefinery to minimize overall ethanol production costs.

K. B. Duguid; M. D. Montross; C. W. Radtke; C. L. Crofcheck; L. M. Wendt; S. A. Shearer

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Impact of Cell Wall Acetylation on Corn Stover Hydrolysis by Cellulolytic and Xylanolytic Enzymes  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of variously pretreated corn stover samples showed neutral to mildly acidic pretreatments were more effective at removing xylan from corn stover and more likely to maintain the acetyl to xylopyranosyl ratios present in untreated material than were alkaline treatments. Retention of acetyl groups in the residual solids resulted in greater resistance to hydrolysis by endoxylanase alone, although the synergistic combination of endoxylanase and acetyl xylan esterase enzymes permitted higher xylan conversions to be observed. Acetyl xylan esterase alone did little to improve hydrolysis by cellulolytic enzymes, although a direct relationship was observed between the enzymatic removal of acetyl groups and improvements in the enzymatic conversion of xylan present in substrates. In all cases, effective xylan conversions were found to significantly improve glucan conversions achievable by cellulolytic enzymes. Additionally, acetyl and xylan removal not only enhanced the respective initial rates of xylan and glucan conversion, but also the overall extents of conversion. This work emphasizes the necessity for xylanolytic enzymes during saccharification processes and specifically for the optimization of acetyl esterase and xylanase synergies when biomass processes include milder pretreatments, such as hot water or sulfite steam explosion.

Selig, M. J.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.; Decker, S. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "wheat corn soybeans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effect of pelleting on the recalcitrance and bioconversion of dilute-acid pretreated corn stover  

SciTech Connect

Background: Knowledge regarding the performance of densified biomass in biochemical processes is limited. The effects of densification on biochemical conversion are explored here. Methods: Pelleted corn stover samples were generated from bales that were milled to 6.35 mm. Low-solids acid pretreatment and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation were performed to evaluate pretreatment efficacy and ethanol yields achieved for pelleted and ground stover (6.35 mm and 2 mm) samples. Both pelleted and 6.35-mm ground stover were evaluated using a ZipperClave® reactor under high-solids, process-relevant conditions for multiple pretreatment severities (Ro), followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the washed, pretreated solids. Results: Monomeric xylose yields were significantly higher for pellets (approximately 60%) than for ground formats (approximately 38%). Pellets achieved approximately 84% of theoretical ethanol yield (TEY); ground stover formats had similar profiles, reaching approximately 68% TEY. Pelleting corn stover was not detrimental to pretreatment efficacy for both low- and high-solids conditions, and even enhanced ethanol yields.

Allison E Ray; Amber Hoover; Gary Gresham

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Modification of Corn Starch Ethanol Refinery to Efficiently Accept Various High-Impact Cellulosic Feedstocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Corn-to-Cellulosic Migration (CCM) pilot facility was to demonstrate the implementation of advanced technologies and methods for conversion of non-food, cellulosic feedstocks into ethanol, assess the economics of the facility and evaluate potential environmental benefits for biomass to fuels conversion. The CCM project was comprised of design, build, and operate phases for the CCM pilot facility as well as research & development, and modeling components. The CCM pilot facility was designed to process 1 tonne per day of non-food biomass and biologically convert that biomass to ethanol at a rate of 70 gallons per tonne. The plant demonstrated throughputs in excess of 1 tonne per day for an extended run of 1400 hours. Although target yields were not fully achieved, the continuous operation validated the design and operability of the plant. These designs will permit the design of larger scale operations at existing corn milling operations or for greenfield plants. EdeniQ, a partner in the project and the owner of the pilot plant, continues to operate and evaluate other feedstocks.

Derr, Dan

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Identification of insect-damaged wheat kernels using short-wave near-infrared hyperspectral and digital colour imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Healthy wheat kernels and wheat kernels damaged by the feeding of the insects: rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae), lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica), rusty grain beetle (Cryptolestes ferrugineus), and red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) were ... Keywords: Grain quality, Hyperspectral imaging, Machine vision, NIR

Chandra B. Singh; Digvir S. Jayas; Jitendra Paliwal; Noel D. G. White

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

ARM - Instrument - ecor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

120-360 wheat or wheat stubble EF3: 0-48 pasture, 132-260 soybeans, wheat EF5: 80-154 sorghum or wheat, 155-260 wheat or wheat stubble EF6: 0-90 grazed pasture, 91-360 alfalfa and...

465

Corn Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... facilities include processing and storage tanks, screening and sizing equipment, grind mills, high pressure steam boilers, centrifuges, rotary ...

466

Corn Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

starch goes into puddings, jellies and candies. Industrial starches, which include laundry starch, are essential ingredients of baking powder, textile sizing, cosmetics and...

467

Potential impact of Thailand's alcohol program on production, consumption, and trade of cassava, sugarcane, and corn  

SciTech Connect

On the first of May 1980, Thailand's fuel-alcohol program was announced by the Thai government. According to the program, a target of 147 million liters of ethanol would be produced in 1981, from cassava, sugarcane, and other biomasses. Projecting increases in output each year, the target level of ethanol produciton was set at 482 million liters of ethanol for 1986. The proposed amount of ethanol production could create a major shift up in the demand schedule of energy crops such as cassava, sugarcane, and corn. The extent of the adjustments in price, production, consumption, and exports for these energy crops need to be evaluated. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential impact of Thailand's fuel-alcohol program on price, production, consumption, and exports of three potential energy crops: cassava, sugarcane, and corn. Econometric commodity models of cassava, sugarcane, and corn are constructed and used as a method of assessment. The overall results of the forecasting simulations of the models indicate that the fuel-alcohol program proposed by the Thai government will cause the price, production, and total consumption of cassava, sugarcane, and corn to increase; on the other hand, it will cause exports to decline. In addition, based on the relative prices and the technical coefficients of ethanol production of these three energy crops, this study concludes that only cassava should be used to produce the proposed target of ethanol production.

Boonserm, P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

PIV Measurements in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer within and above a Mature Corn Canopy. Part II: Quadrant-Hole Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quadrant-hole (Q-H) analysis is applied to PIV data acquired just within and above a mature corn canopy. The Reynolds shear stresses, transverse components of vorticity, as well as turbulence production and cascading part of dissipation rates are ...

W. Zhu; R. van Hout; J. Katz

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Green Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 3 Aqueous Extraction of Corn Oil after Fermentation in the Dry Grind Ethanol Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 3 Aqueous Extraction of Corn Oil after Fermentation in the Dry Grind Ethanol Process Processing eChapters Processing 3B39554497A54B0ABD4FC50626B2833A AOCS Press Downloadable pdf ...

470

Effect of xylanase supplementation of cellulase on digestion of corn stover solids prepared by leading pretreatment technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the development of biobased products Corn Soy- beans Sugar- cane, sugar beets Cellulosic material (perennial grass the greatest eutrophication impact of the bioproducts surveyed. Conversely, switchgrass-based ethanol offers for Producing Biofuels: Bioethanol and Biodiesel. Biomass Bioenergy 2005, 29, 426­439. (4) Landis, A. E.; Miller

California at Riverside, University of

471

Feasibility Study for Co-Locating and Integrating Ethanol Production Plants from Corn Starch and Lignocellulosic Feedstocks (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analysis of the feasibility of co-locating corn-grain-to-ethanol and lignocellulosic ethanol plants and potential savings from combining utilities, ethanol purification, product processing, and fermentation. Although none of the scenarios identified could produce ethanol at lower cost than a straight grain ethanol plant, several were lower cost than a straight cellulosic ethanol plant.

Wallace, R.; Ibsen, K.; McAloon, A.; Yee, W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Tolerance and weed management systems in imidazolinone tolerant corn (Zea mays L.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of imidazolinone weed management systems and tolerance of imidazolinone tolerant corn to imazapic. Field experiments were conducted in 1997 and 1998 at the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (TAES) Field Laboratory, near College Station TX, and at TP Farms, near Waller TX. Different imidazolinone herbicide treatments were applied to imidazolinone tolerant corn between the 2- to 3- and 6- to 8- leaf stage at 36 and 72 pa/ha to evaluate weed control, and 72, 105, 140, and 211 g/ha to evaluate the tolerance of imidazolinone tolerant corn. In 1997 at the TAES Field Laboratory control of Palmer amaranth, ivyleaf and entireleaf morningglory, Texas panicle, johnsongrass, common sunflower, and smellmelon were between 73 to 98% with imazapic or imazapyr plus imazethapyr, regardless of rate or application time. In 1998 at the TAES Field Laboratory control of devil's-claw, smellmelon, and johnsongrass ranged between 40 to 95% throughout the season with all imazapic applications. In 1997 at TP Farms near Waller TX effective control of Texas panicum and eclipse was obtained with all imazapic applications at 72 g/ha. Similar trends were observed with yellow nutsedge control. Due to the severe drought experienced in 1998, all weed species except for broadleaf signalgrass disappeared from the plots. Most effective control of yellow nutsedge, Texas panicle, spiny amaranth, and smellmelon occurred with early postemergence (EPOST) applications of imazapic (72 g/ha), while late postemergence (LPOST) applications of imazapic (72 g/ha) provided the highest control of broadleaf signalgrass. Similar herbicide tolerance was observed to both Gist varieties 8326IT and 8396IT. Crop response in these experiments refers to stunting and interveinal chlorosis. Increased crop response levels were observed early in the season, but by the end of the season had significantly decreased. In comparison, higher levels of crop response were observed in 1997 than in 1998, which can be attributed to the environmental conditions observed. Concerning crop height reductions, Gist variety 8326IT was shorter than 8396IT. No differences could be detected in the yields of either variety, when compared to the untreated check and other herbicide treatments.

Thompson, Ann Marie

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fractionation of phenolic compounds from a purple corn extract and evaluation of antioxidant and antimutagenic activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds from a purple corn extract was performed. The purple corn extract had cyanidin-3-glucoside, pelargonidin-3-glucoside, peonidin-3-glucoside and its respective acylated anthocyanin-glucosides. Cyadinin-3glucoside was the main constituent (44.4 ?? 4.7%) followed by the acylated cyanidin-3-glucoside (26.9 ?? 8.0%). Other phenolic compounds present in the purple corn corresponded to protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, and p-coumaric acid. In addition, quercetin derivatives, a hesperitin derivative and pcoumaric and ferulic acid derivatives were found. Fractionation of phenolic compounds yielded two main fractions, an anthocyanin-rich water fraction (WF) and an ethyl acetate fraction (EAF). Evaluation of antimutagenic activity in both fractions revealed higher antimutagenic activity in the ethyl acetate fraction compared to the anthocyanin-rich fraction. On the other hand, antioxidant activity of the anthocyanin-rich fraction was higher compared to the ethyl acetate fraction. Further fractionation of the anthocyanin-rich fraction in a Toyopearl HW40 gel permeation column yielded five sub-fractions which showed no difference in antimutagenic activity except for the water sub-fraction WF-V. All the sub-fractions were active as antimutagens and antioxidants. Further fractionation of the ethyl acetate fraction yielded four sub-fractions that showed to be active as antimutagens and antioxidants. Ethyl acetate sub-fraction EAF-IV was the most active as an antimutagen. HPLC-DAD characterization of that sub-fraction revealed mainly the presence of a quercetin derivative with UV-visible spectral characteristics similar to rutin but with a little longer retention time. The mechanism of antimutagenic action by the phenolic compounds present either in the anthocyanin-rich fraction or the ethyl acetate fraction and sub-fraction EAFIV seems to be a contribution of a direct action on the enzymes involved in the activation of the mutagen and to the scavenging activity of the mutagen nucleophiles, as demonstrated by our assays.

Pedreschi, Romina Paola

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Imaging Local Chemical Microstructure of Germinated Wheat with Synchrotron Infrared Microspectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The spatial resolution enabled by in situ Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy as predicted from our earlier report in Spectroscopy (1) is applied to localized chemical analysis in this vital biological process of seed germination. Germination includes several different biochemical and structural processes. Ultimately, the entire seed is consumed in sustaining the new life that results after sprouting and growth (2-4). Alpha amylase production is the standard evidence for detection of sprouted (germinated) wheat at harvest. Moist preharvest conditions can cause devastating losses and render the harvested wheat unfit for flour production. Dormancy of dry seeds following harvest retards sprouting under proper storage.

Koc,H.; Wetzel, D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Wheat Yield Functions for Analysis of Land-Use Change in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CERES-Wheat, a dynamic process crop growth model is specified and validated for eight sites in the major wheat-growing regions of China. Crop model results are then used to test functional forms for yield response to nitrogen fertilizer, irrigation water, temperature, and precipitation. The resulting functions are designed to be used in a linked biophysical-economic model of land-use and land-cover change. Variables explaining a significant proportion of simulated yield variance are nitrogen, irrigation water, and precipitation; temperature was not a sig...

Chynthia Rosenzweig; Ana Iglesias; Yanhua Liu; Walter Baethgen (baethgen+aea-undp. Org. Uy; James W. Jones; Gordon J. Macdonald

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Changes in long-term no-till corn growth and yield under different rates of stover mulch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Received for publication January 4, 2006. Removal of corn (Zea mays L.) stover for biofuel production may affect crop yields by altering soil properties. A partial stover removal may be feasible, but information on appropriate rates of removal is unavailable. We assessed the short-term impacts of stover management on long-term no-till (NT) continuous corn grown on a Rayne silt loam (fine loamy, mixed, active, mesic Typic Hapludults) at Coshocton, Hoytville clay loam (fine, illitic, mesic Mollic Epiaqualfs) at Hoytville, and Celina silt loam (fine, mixed, active, mesic Aquic Hapludalfs) at South Charleston in Ohio, and predicted corn yield from soil properties using principal component analysis (PCA). The study was conducted in 2005 on the ongoing experiments started in May 2004 under 0 (T0), 25 (T25), 50 (T50), 75 (T75), 100 (T100), and 200 (T200)% of stover corresponding to 0, 1.25, 2.50, 3.75, 5.00, and 10.00 Mg ha-1 of stover, respectively. Stover removal promoted early emergence and rapid seedling growth (P Stover management affected corn yield only at the Coshocton site where average grain and stover yields in the T200, T100, T75, and T50 (10.8 and 10.3 Mg ha-1) were higher than those in the T0 and T25 treatments (8.5 and 6.5 Mg ha-1) (P stover removal at rates as low as 50% (2.5 Mg ha-1) decreased crop yields. Soil properties explained 71% of the variability in grain yield and 33% of the variability in stover yield for the Coshocton site. Seventeen months after the start of the experiment, effects of stover management on corn yield and soil properties were site-specific.

Blanco-Canqui, Dr. Humberto [Ohio State University, The, Columbus; Lal, Dr. Rattan [Ohio State University, The, Columbus; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Owens, Lloyd [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Composition and decomposition of soybean and sorghum tissues grown under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been hypothesized that changes in both quantity and quality of plant residue inputs to soils as atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentration increases may alter carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) turnover rates and pool sizes. We determined the effect of elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2} on plant tissue quality, and how modifications in tissue quality affect C and N mineralization. Soybean and sorghum were grown under elevated (704.96 {plus_minus} 0.33 {mu}mol CO{sub 2} mol{sup {minus}1}) and ambient (357.44 {plus_minus} 0.12 {mu}mol CO{sub 2} mol{sup {minus}1}) atmospheric CO{sub 2} in open-top chambers. Leaf and stem tissues were separated form harvested plants and analyzed for C,N, lignin, and cellulose. Tissues were applied to Norfolk loamy sand (fine-loamy, siliceous, thermic Typic Kandiudult) and aerobically incubated for 70-d to determine C and N mineralization, C turnover, relative N mineralization, and C/N mineralized. Elevated CO{sub 2} had no effect on plant residue C concentration, but N concentration of soybean leaves and stems and sorghum stems was reduced; however, CO{sub 2} enrichment increased C/N ratio and lignin concentration for only sorghum stems and soybean leaves, respectively. Source of plant residue (i.e., produced under either elevated or ambient CO{sub 2}) had no impact on soil C turnover, relative N mineralization, cumulative C and N mineralization, and C/N mineralized. These data suggest that increasing atmospheric CO{sub 2} will have little effect on composition or decomposition of field crop residues. Thus, since CO{sub 2} enrichment results in increased photosynthetic C fixation, the possibility exists for increased soil C storage under field crops in an elevated CO{sub 2} world. 29 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Henning, F.P. [Cooperative Ext. Serv., Dunwoody, GA (United States); Wood, C.W. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States); Rogers, H.H.; Runion, G.B.; Prior, S.A. [National Soil Dynamics Lab., Auburn, AL (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Effect of leavening acids on wheat flour tortillas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactivities of four leavening adds were evaluated during processing of wheat flour tortillas. These were: sodium aluminum phosphate (SAlP), sodium aluminum sulfate (SAS), monocalcium phosphate (MCP) and sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP-28). Each leavening acid was first evaluated in combination with sodium bicarbonate at different levels, controlling dough temperature at 38'C. Individual leavening acids did not yield optimum dough properties and had pH higher than 6.0, except for MCP treatments. Higher amounts of MCP and SAPP-28 were required to produce opaque tortillas compared to those treatments containing SAIP and SAS. Ionic interactions apparently affected elastic and viscous behaviours of doughs. The second study inculded fumaric acid along with each leavening acid at 380C. Fumaric acid effectively reduced resting times and pH of tortillas, except for doughs containing MCP. Addition of fumaric tortillas over time. To evaluate the effect of temperature 34 and 38'C were selected . At 38'C additional leavening was required, except for doughs containing SAS. At 380C dough properties tended to improve. Increasing temperature increased pH for SAIP and MCP treatments. SAIP and SAS treatments produced opaque tortillas. Increased dough temperature improved storage stability of tortillas for SALP and SAS treatments; no significant effect was observed for MCP and SAPP-28 treatments. Combination of MCP:SAIP (1:5) produced target dough and tortilla properties. Combination of MCP:SAS (1:2) produced acceptable dough properties and tortillas with diameters smaller than 17.0 cm. MCP, a fast reacting leavening acid, improved nucleation during mixing, giving the final product a better texture. Hence, to produce tortillas with desirable characteristics, leavening acids that dissolve and react during mixing and baking are required.

Cepeda, Minerva

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems (Poster), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems Ethan Warner 1 , Yimin Zhang 1 , Helena Chum 2 , Robin Newmark 1 Biofuels represent an opportunity for improved sustainability of transportation fuels, promotion of rural development, and reduction of GHG emissions. But the potential for unintended consequences, such as competition for land and water, necessitates biofuel expansion that considers the complexities of resource requirements within specific contexts (e.g., technology, feedstock, supply chain, local resource availability). Through technological learning, sugarcane and corn ethanol industries have achieved steady improvements in

480

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-05NT42344; W(A)-05-002, CH-1266 The Petitioner, Dow Coming Corporation (Dow), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Thin Film Packaging Solutions for High Efficiency OLED Lighting Products." The waiver will apply to inventions made by Dow employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National Laboratories. The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop novel substrate and packaging technology for solid state lighting devices that use Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) as the

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481

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. B29143; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)-95-029 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated, has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions made under the above cited research and development contract (R&D Contract). The objective of the R&D Contract issued by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on behalf of DP-11 is to reduce the costs associated with the manufacturing of large size high quality fused silica transmissive optics utilized in advanced Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser systems. The present cost of laser optics used in the ICF laser system is between $1.7/cm 3 to $2.0/cm 3 . After completion of the R&D Contract, it is believed that a 50% reduction in cost for the

482

High Xylose Yields from Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover Under Process-Relevant Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Pretreatment experiments were carried out to demonstrate high xylose yields at high solids loadings in two different batch pretreatment reactors under process-relevant conditions. Corn stover was pretreated with dilute sulfuric acid using a 4-l Steam Digester and a 4-l stirred ZipperClave{reg_sign} reactor. Solids were loaded at 45% dry matter (wt/wt) after sulfuric acid catalyst impregnation using nominal particle sizes of either 6 or 18 mm. Pretreatment was carried out at temperatures between 180 and 200 C at residence times of either 90 or 105 s. Results demonstrate an ability to achieve high xylose yields (>80%) over a range of pretreatment conditions, with performance showing little dependence on particle size or pretreatment reactor type. The high xylose yields are attributed to effective catalyst impregnation and rapid rates of heat transfer during pretreatment.

Weiss, N. D.; Nagle, N. J.; Tucker, M. P.; Elander, R. T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Ultrastructure and Sugar Yields from Three Different Pretreatments of Corn Stover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Joint BioEnergy Institute ( JBEI) are collaborating to understand how biomass pretreatments with much different deconstruction patterns impact the chemical and ultrastructural features of biomass and its biological conversion to sugars. Dilute sulfuric acid (DA), ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX), and ionic liquid (IL) pretreatments are applied to the same source of corn stover by the BESC, GLBRC, and JBEI, respectively. Common sources of cellulase and other accessory enzymes are then employed to release sugars from the solids left after each pretreatment. The GLBRC applies material balances to each overall pretreatment-hydrolysis system to determine the fates of key biomass constituents and also optimizes enzyme formulations for each substrate using their microplate saccharification system. The BESC

Genomic Science Awardee; Usda-doe Plant; Feedstock Genomics; Charles E. Wyman; Xiadi Gao; Leonardo Da; Costa Sousa; Shishir P. S. Chundawat; Bruce E. Dale

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z