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1

Effects of welfare reform on women's crime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We investigate the effects of broad-based work incentives on female crime by exploiting the welfare reform legislation of the 1990s, which dramatically increased employment among women at risk for relying on cash assistance. We base the analyses on the supply of crime model in the human capital literature which emphasizes the importance of employment prospects in the legal and illegal labor markets. We find suggestive evidence that welfare reform decreased female arrests for property crimes (by 4–5%), but that it did not affect arrests for other types of crimes. The effects appear to be stronger in states with larger welfare caseload declines. As welfare reform policies are targeted to females, it is empirically validating that we do not find any substantively or statistically significant effects of welfare reform on crime among males. The findings point to broad-based work incentives—and, by inference, employment—as an important determinant of female property crime.

Hope Corman; Dhaval M. Dave; Nancy E. Reichman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

The Effect of Welfare Reform on Childbirth, Marriage, and Divorce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation contains two essays on the effect of welfare reform on child- birth, marriage, and divorce. In the first essay, I exploit the cross state variation in welfare reform implementation to identify its effect on birth rates. The results...

Pakdeethai, Pimrak

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

The Forgotten Children: African American Children and Child Welfare Reform in St. Louis, 1890-1930  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Forgotten Children examines the influence of racial ideology on the trajectory of child welfare reform in late nineteenth century and early twentieth century St. Louis. The modern American child welfare system emerged in this time period...

Thirlkel, Thomas E.

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

REFORM, LOBBIES AND WELFARE: A COMMON AGENCY APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFORM, LOBBIES AND WELFARE: A COMMON AGENCY APPROACH Cecilia TESTA London School of Economics are a reform and a compensating taxation. The main feature of the reform is that it creates gainers and losers on tax parameters. keywords: reform, lobbying, redistribution, economic welfare. 1 #12;Introduction

Royal Holloway, University of London

5

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing welfare reform Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reventionscience.umn.edu Summary: , poverty, welfare reform, school reform, and health- care reform. An emphasis is given to large... , and dissemination of a variety of programs...

6

Running Head: Mental Health and Welfare Reform MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG SINGLE MOTHERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Running Head: Mental Health and Welfare Reform MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG SINGLE MOTHERS Pennsylvania State University #12;Mental Health and Welfare Reform/2 MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG SINGLE outcomes. #12;Mental Health and Welfare Reform/3 INTRODUCTION The Personal Responsibility and Work

Shyy, Wei

7

After welfare reform and an economic boom: why is child  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 1999 OECD purchasing power parities, the U.S. rate remains well-above those of France, Canada, Germany and welfare reform mandated increased labor supply from single mothers. As a result, the labor force 1999 constant dollars) in private industry were $13.57 in December 1999, 6.4 percent above the December

Shyy, Wei

8

Maternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect child development?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

welfare to work affect child development? Abstract Using data from a longitudinal sample of formerMaternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect of Mental Health (R24-MH51363) to the Social Work Research Development Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental

Shyy, Wei

9

Growth and welfare effects of environmental tax reform and public spending policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper considers the implications of environmental tax reform and public spending policy for growth and welfare. Using a two-sector endogenous growth model where the interactions between health, education, and the environment are taken into account, we show that revenue-positive tax reforms combined with a change in the public spending structure may improve long-run growth and welfare. However, this outcome incurs relatively high welfare cost during the transition phase. This is particularly the case when the spending policy favors education spending.

Walid Oueslati

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Reforming Household Energy Markets: Some Welfare Effects in the United Catherine Waddams Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming Household Energy Markets: Some Welfare Effects in the United Kingdom by Catherine Waddams remain vulnerable. The implications of these findings for the future of energy markets both in the UK This paper summarises some early effects of deregulating the UK energy sector, focusing on the effects

Feigon, Brooke

11

Work after Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Children* Rucker C. Johnson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work after Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Children* Rucker C. Johnson Goldman School Policy Research Program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health (R24- MH51363), the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (P50-HD38986

Shyy, Wei

12

Fuel Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirements Fuel Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirements...

13

Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer, LNT, and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirement Improved System Performance and...

14

Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer, LNT, and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirement Damodara Poojary, Jacques Nicole,...

15

Health Care Reform Challenge: Creating a High Performance Healthcare System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Care Reform Challenge: Creating a High Performance Healthcare System Tom Simmer, MD Chief;The Challenge of Reform: Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) · ACO's are provider organizations health care delivery Organized Systems of Care Population focus for primary care physicians, hospitals

Finley Jr., Russell L.

16

Fish welfare assurance system: initial steps to set up an effective tool to safeguard and monitor farmed fish welfare at a company level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective was to take a first step in the development of a process-oriented quality assurance (QA) system for monitoring and safeguarding of fish welfare at a company level. ... , which was adapted for the pu...

J. W. van de Vis; M. Poelman; E. Lambooij; M.-L. Bégout…

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

WORK, INCOME AND MATERIAL HARDSHIP AFTER WELFARE Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WORK, INCOME AND MATERIAL HARDSHIP AFTER WELFARE REFORM Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon of Consumer Affairs, Vol. 34/1, Summer 2000 This paper is based on the Colston Warne Lecture, "Welfare Reform: State Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Low Income Families and Children,". This research

Shyy, Wei

18

Examining the Impact of Welfare Reform, Labor Market Conditions, and the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Employment of Black and White Single Mothers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply2002. “Earned Income Tax Credits. ” In Improving Children’sThe Earned Income Tax Credit and Labor Market Participation

Noonan, Mary C.; Smith, Sandra S.; Corcoran, Mary E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Fuel cell system with combustor-heated reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell system including a fuel reformer heated by a catalytic combustor fired by anode effluent and/or fuel from a liquid fuel supply providing fuel for the fuel cell. The combustor includes a vaporizer section heated by the combustor exhaust gases for vaporizing the fuel before feeding it into the combustor. Cathode effluent is used as the principle oxidant for the combustor.

Pettit, William Henry (Rochester, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

PHS 650 Summer 2011 Page 1 State-Level Health System and Coverage Reform 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and describe two state-based reforms underway in Wisconsin's health care industry. Topics/Readings The Big Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Current State-Level Trends and Health Reforms The SyllabusPHS 650 Summer 2011 Page 1 State-Level Health System and Coverage Reform 2011 Course Overview

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The evolution of the Weapon System Reform Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23) .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In evaluating the implications of the Weapon System Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (WSARA), we compare the position of prior acquisition acts and DoD acquisition… (more)

McWhorter, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

SMALL SCALE FUEL CELL AND REFORMER SYSTEMS FOR REMOTE POWER  

SciTech Connect

New developments in fuel cell technologies offer the promise of clean, reliable affordable power, resulting in reduced environmental impacts and reduced dependence on foreign oil. These developments are of particular interest to the people of Alaska, where many residents live in remote villages, with no roads or electrical grids and a very high cost of energy, where small residential power systems could replace diesel generators. Fuel cells require hydrogen for efficient electrical production, however. Hydrogen purchased through conventional compressed gas suppliers is very expensive and not a viable option for use in remote villages, so hydrogen production is a critical piece of making fuel cells work in these areas. While some have proposed generating hydrogen from renewable resources such as wind, this does not appear to be an economically viable alternative at this time. Hydrogen can also be produced from hydrocarbon feed stocks, in a process known as reforming. This program is interested in testing and evaluating currently available reformers using transportable fuels: methanol, propane, gasoline, and diesel fuels. Of these, diesel fuels are of most interest, since the existing energy infrastructure of rural Alaska is based primarily on diesel fuels, but this is also the most difficult fuel to reform, due to the propensity for coke formation, due to both the high vaporization temperature and to the high sulfur content in these fuels. There are several competing fuel cell technologies being developed in industry today. Prior work at UAF focused on the use of PEM fuel cells and diesel reformers, with significant barriers identified to their use for power in remote areas, including stack lifetime, system efficiency, and cost. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells have demonstrated better stack lifetime and efficiency in demonstrations elsewhere (though cost still remains an issue), and procuring a system for testing was pursued. The primary function of UAF in the fuel cell industry is in the role of third party independent testing. In order for tests to be conducted, hardware must be purchased and delivered. The fuel cell industry is still in a pre-commercial state, however. Commercial products are defined as having a fixed set of specifications, fixed price, fixed delivery date, and a warrantee. Negotiations with fuel cell companies over these issues are often complex, and the results of these discussions often reveal much about the state of development of the technology. This work includes some of the results of these procurement experiments. Fuel cells may one day replace heat engines as the source of electrical power in remote areas. However, the results of this program to date indicate that currently available hardware is not developed sufficiently for these environments, and that significant time and resources will need to be committed for this to occur.

Dennis Witmer

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Columbia River Hatchery Reform System-Wide Report.  

SciTech Connect

The US Congress funded the Puget Sound and Coastal Washington Hatchery Reform Project via annual appropriations to the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) beginning in fiscal year 2000. Congress established the project because it recognized that while hatcheries have a necessary role to play in meeting harvest and conservation goals for Pacific Northwest salmonids, the hatchery system was in need of comprehensive reform. Most hatcheries were producing fish for harvest primarily to mitigate for past habitat loss (rather than for conservation of at-risk populations) and were not taking into account the effects of their programs on naturally spawning populations. With numerous species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), conservation of salmon in the Puget Sound area was a high priority. Genetic resources in the region were at risk and many hatchery programs as currently operated were contributing to those risks. Central to the project was the creation of a nine-member independent scientific review panel called the Hatchery Scientific Review Group (HSRG). The HSRG was charged by Congress with reviewing all state, tribal and federal hatchery programs in Puget Sound and Coastal Washington as part of a comprehensive hatchery reform effort to: conserve indigenous salmonid genetic resources; assist with the recovery of naturally spawning salmonid populations; provide sustainable fisheries; and improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of hatchery programs. The HSRG worked closely with the state, tribal and federal managers of the hatchery system, with facilitation provided by the non-profit organization Long Live the Kings and the law firm Gordon, Thomas, Honeywell, to successfully complete reviews of over 200 hatchery programs at more than 100 hatcheries across western Washington. That phase of the project culminated in 2004 with the publication of reports containing the HSRG's principles for hatchery reform and recommendations for Puget Sound/Coastal Washington hatchery programs, followed by the development in 2005 of a suite of analytical tools to support application of the principles (all reports and tools are available at www.hatcheryreform.us). In 2005, Congress directed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) to replicate the Puget Sound and Coastal Washington Hatchery Reform Project in the Columbia River Basin. The HSRG was expanded to 14 members to include individuals with specific knowledge about the Columbia River salmon and steelhead populations. This second phase was initially envisioned as a one-year review, with emphasis on the Lower Columbia River hatchery programs. It became clear however, that the Columbia River Basin needed to be viewed as an inter-connected ecosystem in order for the review to be useful. The project scope was subsequently expanded to include the entire Basin, with funding for a second year provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's (NPCC) Fish and Wildlife Program. The objective of the HSRG's Columbia River Basin review was to change the focus of the Columbia River hatchery system. In the past, these hatchery programs have been aimed at supplying adequate numbers of fish for harvest as mitigation primarily for hydropower development in the Basin. A new, ecosystem-based approach is founded on the idea that harvest goals are sustainable only if they are compatible with conservation goals. The challenge before the HSRG was to determine whether or not conservation and harvest goals could be met by fishery managers and, if so, how. The HSRG determined that in order to address these twin goals, both hatchery and harvest reforms are necessary. The HSRG approach represents an important change of direction in managing hatcheries in the region. It provides a clear demonstration that current hatchery programs can indeed be redirected to better meet both conservation and harvest goals. For each Columbia River Basin Environmentally Significant Unit

Warren, Dan [Hatchery Scientific Review Group

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

24

Obesity as a Barrier to the Transition from Welfare to Work John Cawley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Child Health and Development, and the National Institute of Mental Health (R24-MH51363). We thank George from Welfare to Work John Cawley and Sheldon Danziger Abstract In 1996, welfare reform created individual cases from these requirements. As a result of welfare reform, expansions of the Earned Income Tax

Shyy, Wei

25

PHS 650 Summer 2012 Page 1 State-Level Health System and Coverage Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Affordable Care Act Current State-Level Trends and Health Reforms The Syllabus includes a variety of readingPHS 650 Summer 2012 Page 1 State-Level Health System and Coverage Reform Course Overview and Syllabus Description: Overview of the state initiatives in health care coverage, access, and costs, trends

Sheridan, Jennifer

26

Second Law Analysis of a Solar Methane Reforming System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we present the results of a Second Law analysis of a highly efficient, solar thermochemical reaction system for the production of syngas using micro- and meso-channel process technology. The evaluation includes the initial conversion of solar energy/exergy into physical energy/exergy and its subsequent conversion into chemical energy/exergy through the catalytic, endothermic reforming reaction, including quantifications of exergy destruction for components and the overall system. Possible applications include the combustion of the product syngas in a hybrid, solar/natural gas power plant, providing an efficient solar augment to the natural gas fuel; the thermochemical storage of solar energy, as part of an open or closed-cycle storage process; the production of hydrogen for use in fuel cells and for other purposes; and the production of synthetic fuels such as methanol or long-chain hydrocarbons. The analyses show that the overall process is exergetically-efficient and consistent with First Law and economic analyses. Finally, opportunities for improving the exergetic efficiency of the process are identified and discussed

Robert Wegeng; Richard Diver; Paul Humble

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Mental health care delivery system reform in Belgium: The challenge of achieving deinstitutionalisation whilst addressing fragmentation of care at the same time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most mental health care delivery systems in welfare states currently face two major issues: deinstitutionalisation and fragmentation of care. Belgium is in the process of reforming its mental health care delivery system with the aim of simultaneously strengthening community care and improving integration of care. The new policy model attempts to strike a balance between hospitals and community services, and is based on networks of services. We carried out a content analysis of the policy blueprint for the reform and performed an ex-ante evaluation of its plan of operation, based on the current knowledge of mental health service networks. When we examined the policy's multiple aims, intermediate goals, suggested tools, and their articulation, we found that it was unclear how the new policy could achieve its goals. Indeed, deinstitutionalisation and integration of care require different network structures, and different modes of governance. Furthermore, most of the mechanisms contained within the new policy were not sufficiently detailed. Consequently, three major threats to the effectiveness of the reform were identified. These were: issues concerning the relationship between network structure and purpose, the continued influence of hospitals despite the goal of deinstitutionalisation, and the heterogeneity in the actual implementation of the new policy.

Pablo Nicaise; Vincent Dubois; Vincent Lorant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Health system reform in rural China: Voices of healthworkers and service-users  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Like many other countries China is undergoing major health system reforms, with the aim of providing universal health coverage, and addressing problems of low efficiency and inequity. The first phase of the reforms has focused on strengthening primary care and improving health insurance coverage and benefits. The aim of the study was to explore the impacts of these reforms on healthworkers and service-users at township level, which has been the major target of the first phase of the reforms. From January to March 2013 we interviewed eight health officials, 80 township healthworkers and 80 service-users in eight counties in Zhejiang and Yunnan provinces, representing rich and poor provinces respectively. Thematic analysis identified key themes around the impacts of the health reforms. We found that some elements of the reforms may actually be undermining primary care. While the new health insurance system was popular among service-users, it was criticised for contributing to fast-growing medical costs, and for an imbalance of benefits between outpatient and inpatient services. Salary reform has guaranteed healthworkers' income, but greatly reduced their incentives. The essential drug list removed perverse incentives to overprescribe, but led to falls in income for healthworkers, and loss of autonomy for doctors. Serious problems with drug procurement also emerged. The unintended consequences have included a brain drain of experienced healthworkers from township hospitals, and patients have flowed to county hospitals at greater cost. In conclusion, in the short term resources must be found to ensure rural healthworkers feel appropriately remunerated and have more clinical autonomy, measures for containment of the medical costs must be taken, and drug procurement must show increased transparency and accountability. More importantly the study shows that all countries undergoing health reforms should elicit the views of stakeholders, including service-users, to avoid and address unintended consequences.

Xu Dong Zhou; Lu Li; Therese Hesketh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

HH22 Reformer, Fuel Cell Power Plant,Reformer, Fuel Cell Power Plant, & Vehicle Refueling System& Vehicle Refueling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sufficient hydrogen demand develops. #12;4 Relevant DOE Program Objectives Reduce dependence on foreign oil Promote use of diverse, domestic energy resources ­ Natural gas reformation Develop and demonstrate on test fill tank, CNG/H2 ICE vehicles and H2 Fuel Cell vehicles. Fuel dispensing integrated with City

30

Lineage and land reforms in Malawi: Do matrilineal and patrilineal landholding systems represent a problem for land reforms in Malawi?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on government statistics and interviews with villagers across Malawi this article argues that customary matrilineal and patrilineal land tenure systems serve to weaken security of land tenure for some family members as well as obstructing the creation of gender-neutral inheritance of lands. Data from the National Census of Agriculture and Livestock 2007and the 2008 Population and Housing Census are used to characterize marriage systems and landholding patterns of local communities. Marriage systems correspond to customary land-tenure patterns of matrilineal or patrilineal cultures. The differences between the two ways of land holding represent a challenge for land reforms aimed at unifying rules for land tenure and land devolution. Drawing on an analogy of the resilience of the patrilineal land holding system in Norway, we argue that it will be difficult to remove the preferential rights of lineage members directly. We recommend that, instead of creating a unified national system, existing land rights should be formally recognized and circumscribed by fair procedures. A well-designed landholding system should aim to ease the transitions of diverse customary tenure systems towards the requirements of a modern large-scale society.

Erling Berge; Daimon Kambewa; Alister Munthali; Henrik Wiig

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Effects of Medicare payment reform: Evidence from the home health interim and prospective payment systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Medicare continues to implement payment reforms that shift reimbursement from fee-for-service toward episode-based payment, affecting average and marginal payment. We contrast the effects of two reforms for home health agencies. The home health interim payment system in 1997 lowered both types of payment; our conceptual model predicts a decline in the likelihood of use and costs, both of which we find. The home health prospective payment system in 2000 raised average but lowered marginal payment with theoretically ambiguous effects; we find a modest increase in use and costs. We find little substantive effect of either policy on readmissions or mortality.

Peter J. Huckfeldt; Neeraj Sood; José J. Escarce; David C. Grabowski; Joseph P. Newhouse

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

976 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, AUGUST 2006 Methanol Steam Reformer on a Silicon Wafer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

976 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, AUGUST 2006 Methanol Steam Reformer without mass transport considerations. The 1-D model provided a rapid analytical tool to assess is achieved through on-chip resis- tive heaters, whereby methanol steam reforming reactions were studied over

Malen, Jonathan A.

33

An Innovative Injection and Mixing System for Diesel Fuel Reforming  

SciTech Connect

This project focused on fuel stream preparation improvements prior to injection into a solid oxide fuel cell reformer. Each milestone and the results from each milestone are discussed in detail in this report. The first two milestones were the creation of a coking formation test rig and various testing performed on this rig. Initial tests indicated that three anti-carbon coatings showed improvement over an uncoated (bare metal) baseline. However, in follow-up 70 hour tests of the down selected coatings, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis revealed that no carbon was generated on the test specimens. These follow-up tests were intended to enable a down selection to a single best anti-carbon coating. Without the formation of carbon it was impossible to draw conclusions as to which anti-carbon coating showed the best performance. The final 70 hour tests did show that AMCX AMC26 demonstrated the lowest discoloration of the metal out of the three down selected anti-carbon coatings. This discoloration did not relate to carbon but could be a useful result when carbon growth rate is not the only concern. Unplanned variations in the series of tests must be considered and may have altered the results. Reliable conclusions could only be drawn from consistent, repeatable testing beyond the allotted time and funding for this project. Milestones 3 and 4 focused on the creation of a preheating pressure atomizer and mixing chamber. A design of experiment test helped identify a configuration of the preheating injector, Build 1, which showed a very uniform fuel spray flow field. This injector was improved upon by the creation of a Build 2 injector. Build 2 of the preheating injector demonstrated promising SMD results with only 22psi fuel pressure and 0.7 in H2O of Air. It was apparent from testing and CFD that this Build 2 has flow field recirculation zones. These recirculation zones may suggest that this Build 2 atomizer and mixer would require steam injection to reduce the auto ignition potential. It is also important to note that to achieve uniform mixing within a short distance, some recirculation is necessary. Milestone 5 generated CFD and FEA results that could be used to optimize the preheating injector. CFD results confirmed the recirculation zones seen in test data and confirmed that the flow field would not change when attached to a reformer. The FEA predicted fuel wetted wall temperatures which led to several suggested improvements that could possibly improve nozzle efficiency. Milestone 6 (originally an optional task) took a different approach than the preheating pressure atomizer. It focused on creation and optimization of a piezoelectric injector which could perform at extremely low fuel pressures. The piezoelectric atomizer showed acceptable SMD results with fuel pressure less than 1.0 psig and air pressure less than 1.0 in H2O. These SMD values were enhanced when a few components were changed, and it is expected would improve further still at elevated air temperatures. It was demonstrated that the piezoelectric injector could accomplish the desired task. The addition of phase tracking and a burst mode to the frequency controller increased the usability of the piezoelectric injector. This injector is ready to move on to the next phase of development. Engine Components has met the required program milestones of this project. Some of the Milestones were adjusted to allow Milestone 6 to be completed in parallel with the other Milestones. Because of this, Task 3.10 and 3.13 were made optional instead of Milestone 6. Engine Components was extremely grateful for the support that was provided by NETL in support of this work.

Spencer Pack

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm For Electricity Markets James D. Weber, Member, IEEE, and Thomas J. Overbye, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--An algorithm that allows a market

35

Residential mobility in China: home ownership among rural–urban migrants after reform of the hukou registration system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the housing tenure of China’s rural–urban migrants in eight destination municipalities in Jiangsu province after the reform of the urban registration system (called hukou...in Chinese). The ob...

Xu Huang; Martin Dijst; Jan van Weesep…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Voting Systems and Election Reform: What Do Election Officials Think?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The Status Quo - Election Officials and Voting Systems Table 4.1: Factors important in the adoption of new systems in the past three years Table 4.2: Factors important in the adoption of a new voting system in the next five years Figure 4.1: Age... explain why half of all new voting machines purchased in respondents? jurisdictions in the last three years were DREs. For those likely to change systems in the next five years, 41.5% of respondents replied that they will change one of their voting...

Gray, Jennifer; Gray, Marshall; Hodges, Joshua; Jewell, Jeff; Larson, Marcia; Mitchell, Ryan; Murello, Erin; Murello, Steve; Reeves, Alice; Siddique, Julie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Concerning improvement and reform towards a more effective and realisable nuclear liability legal system in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Japan is the only country in the world that has ever experienced being attacked by atomic bombs. Japanese people have a special feeling towards nuclear power. Japan has opted for an unlimited liability system, which is regarded as a hospitable one to victims in Japan. Under the existing unlimited liability system in Japan, however, there is a problem that nuclear operators cannot necessarily foresee the probable limit of their risks to owe. In this paper, I want to present problems of the nuclear liability legal system, and proposals for improvement and reform towards more effective and realisable system in Japan.

Hirotoshi Iizuka

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology* 0. Introduction There has been a renaissance-called "reformed" defence of the rationality of reli- gious belief. The starting-point for this reformed conception concern here. Instead, I will be outlining one way in which the reformed epistemological stance can

Edinburgh, University of

39

Reforming Science: Structural Reforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Managing the business of science. Physiology 24 :2-3. 7. Bush V . 1945. Science the endless frontier. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 8. Casadevall...FC Fang. 2012. Reforming science: Methodological and culture...

Ferric C. Fang; Arturo Casadevall

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

DFMA Cost Estimates of Fuel-Cell/Reformer Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Technical Barriers Addressed: Fuel Flexible Processors Technical Barriers N: Cost Component designs of complete automotive FC power systems: · Onboard gasoline fuel processor and PEM fuel cell ·Fuel cell stacks ·Air supply and humidification ·Thermal management ·Water management ·Fuel Supply

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Political Economy of India’s Fiscal Federal System and its Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for state governments’ capital expenditure. Tax Reform Taxborrow to finance capital expenditure, without underminingfinancing states’ capital expenditure through new borrowing

Rao, M. Govinda; Singh, Nirvikar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Even if it's not Bribery: The Case for Campaign Finance Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Even if it's not Bribery: The Case for Campaign Finance Reform Brendan Daley Erik Snowberg Duke reform alleviates this phenomenon and improves voter welfare at the expense of politicians. Thus, we expect successful politicians to oppose true campaign finance reform. We also show our model

Jensen, Grant J.

43

Improved Heat Transfer and Performance of High Intensity Combustion Systems for Reformer Furnace Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the above premise. The application of vortex stabilized high intensity burners for reformer furnaces in the petrochemical industry is then reviewed and emphasized....

Williams, F. D. M.; Kondratas, H. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Modular HTGR systems design and cost summary. [Methane reforming; steam cycle-cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary description of the preconceptual design and energy product costs of the modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR). The reactor system was studied for two applications: (1) reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas and (2) steam cycle/cogeneration to produce process steam and electricity.

Not Available

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Outcomes of a Freedom of Choice Reform in Community Mental Health Day Center Services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organizational reforms often take place in social and health care services, and in the western world free ... been implemented in various welfare sectors such as health care, disability services, work rehabilitat...

Mona Eklund; Urban Markström

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Comparative case studies of health reform in England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparative case studies of health reform in England Report submitted to the Department of Health........................................................................................14 1.1 Presenting the Health System Reform policy agenda...................................14 1 ..........................................................................................64 Demand Side Reform.........................................

Birmingham, University of

47

Voting Almost Maximizes Social Welfare Despite Limited Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Procaccia Abstract In cooperative multiagent systems an alternative that maximizes the social welfare of the optimal alternative and the social welfare of the one that is ultimately elected. Procaccia, and Veto. Our results arguably provide a compelling reason for employing voting in cooperative multiagent

Caragiannis, Ioannis

48

Diesel Reforming for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Application  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the development of a diesel reforming catalyst and catalytic system development.

Liu, D-J.; Sheen, S-H.; Krumpelt, M.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Food Price Subsidies and Nutrition: Evidence from State Reforms to India's Public Distribution System1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Price Subsidies and Nutrition: Evidence from State Reforms to India's Public Distribution, the Economic Research Service, and the University of Sussex. All remaining errors are attributable Research Service or the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2 University of California - Berkeley, Law School

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

50

Potential Impacts of Mexico's Energy Reform on Texas' Transportation System 1 Testimony of Jolanda Prozzi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the monopoly of the oil company Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) and encourage foreign investment in Mexico's energy, the tax burden on Pemex, and Mexico's petroleum fund. The reform to the Mexican constitution releases the government's control over Pemex and attracts private investment in the energy industry. The government

51

Tax Credits and Welfare for Working Families: A Case Study of Policy Transfer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The United Kingdom has recently introduced the working families' tax credit (WFTC) as its main system of financial support for low-income working families. The reform has been motivated by the government's ‘common objectives of making work pay and tackling poverty’. In this chapter, we look at the history of in-work support in the United Kingdom, and the current structure and administration of the WFTC in particular. We pose a number of questions of relevance to future policy formation: to what extent has UK welfare policy been informed by international experience in general, and by the United States' experience of earned income tax credit and temporary assistance for needy families in particular? What are the mechanisms by which policy has been transferred between the US and the UK? And has the transfer led to ‘good’ policy?

Alan Duncan; David Greenaway

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

9 - Chinese healthcare system reforms and household saving patterns: some stylised facts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter aims to evaluate the relationship between one of the recent healthcare reforms in the People’s Republic of China and household decisions both in terms of out-of-pocket expenditure and saving. Evidence on the results achieved by reforms of the health insurance sector in terms of reducing out-of-pocket medical expenditure is still uncertain and contradictory, and very little is known about the effect of these measures on the consumption and saving behaviour of the Chinese population. To shed light on this issue we use data collected by Chinese Household Income Project surveys (CHIPs), through a series of questionnaire-based interviews conducted in urban areas in 1995 and 2002. Our descriptive analysis suggests that there is a positive relationship between public health insurance coverage and household saving. This empirical evidence suggests that public insurance coverage is ineffective as a source of protection against income losses and might induce households to save more.

Vincenzo Atella; Agar Brugiavini; Hao Chen; Noemi Pace

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Social Welfare Policy and Public Assistance for Low-Income Substance Abusers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

income and health care benefits for many low- income substance abusers. This paper examines payee, and to continued disability reviews in exchange for monthly cash assistance and health care Welfare Reform Legislation on the Economic Security of Former Supplemental Security Income Drug Addiction

de Lijser, Peter

54

A New Catalyst System for High-Temperature Solar Reforming of Methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

10 An array of ceramic pins loaded with the catalyst (Figure 2) is used for both absorbing the solar radiation, effective heat transfer to the flowing gases, and performing the chemical reaction. ... Solar reforming can upgrade fossil fuels by 20?30% with respect to their calorific values.2 The upgraded fuel can then be combusted in a gas turbine, thus introducing a solar contribution, known as solar gain, which can be defined as follows: ...

Alexander Berman; Rakesh K. Karn; Michael Epstein

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Coke-free dry reforming of model diesel fuel by a pulsed spark plasma at low temperatures using an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry reforming of diesel fuel, an endothermic reaction, is an attractive process for on-board hydrogen/syngas production to increase energy efficiency. For operating this dry reforming process in a vehicle, we can use the exhaust gas from an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system as a source of carbon dioxide. Catalytic dry reforming of heavy hydrocarbon is a very difficult reaction due to the high accumulation of carbon on the catalyst. Therefore, we attempted to use a non-equilibrium pulsed plasma for the dry reforming of model diesel fuel without a catalyst. We investigated dry reforming of model diesel fuel (n-dodecane) with a low-energy pulsed spark plasma, which is a kind of non-equilibrium plasma at a low temperature of 523?K. Through the reaction, we were able to obtain syngas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide) and a small amount of C2 hydrocarbon without coke formation at a ratio of CO2/Cfuel = 1.5 or higher. The reaction can be conducted at very low temperatures such as 523?K. Therefore, it is anticipated as a novel and effective process for on-board syngas production from diesel fuel using an EGR system.

Yasushi Sekine; Naotsugu Furukawa; Masahiko Matsukata; Eiichi Kikuchi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contracting Reform Guidance Contracting Reform Guidance NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance This documents provides guidance on NEPA contracting strategy, including: defining the work of the contractor; establishing contracts ahead of time; minimizing cost while maintaining quality. Guidance also provides: model statements of work, direction on NEPA contract management by NEPA Document Manager; a system for measuring NEPA costs and for evaluating contractor procedures; details on the DOE NEPA website. NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance More Documents & Publications NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance (December 1996) Statement of Work-National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Support Services Acquisition: Preparation and Review of Environmental Impact Statements, Environmental Assessments, Environmental Reports, and other Environmental

57

Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations, and Procurement Reform Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations, and Procurement Reform Before the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, United States House of Representatives Written Statement By: Owen Barwell, Acting Chief Financial Officer, United States Department of Energy Subject: DOE Financial Information Systems Final_Testimony_for_Owen_Barwell.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2010-03.pdf Request for Information - Operations and Maintenance (O & M) Support

58

Applications of solar reforming technology  

SciTech Connect

Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

Spiewak, I. [Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovoth (Israel); Tyner, C.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Langnickel, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Advanced turbine systems program conceptual design and product development Task 8.3 - autothermal fuel reformer (ATR). Topical report  

SciTech Connect

Autothermal fuel reforming (ATR) consists of reacting a hydrocarbon fuel such as natural gas or diesel with steam to produce a hydrogen-rich {open_quotes}reformed{close_quotes} fuel. This work has been designed to investigate the fuel reformation and the product gas combustion under gas turbine conditions. The hydrogen-rich gas has a high flammability with a wide range of combustion stability. Being lighter and more reactive than methane, the hydrogen-rich gas mixes readily with air and can be burned at low fuel/air ratios producing inherently low emissions. The reformed fuel also has a low ignition temperature which makes low temperature catalytic combustion possible. ATR can be designed for use with a variety of alternative fuels including heavy crudes, biomass and coal-derived fuels. When the steam required for fuel reforming is raised by using energy from the gas turbine exhaust, cycle efficiency is improved because of the steam and fuel chemically recuperating. Reformation of natural gas or diesel fuels to a homogeneous hydrogen-rich fuel has been demonstrated. Performance tests on screening various reforming catalysts and operating conditions were conducted on a batch-tube reactor. Producing over 70 percent of hydrogen (on a dry basis) in the product stream was obtained using natural gas as a feedstock. Hydrogen concentration is seen to increase with temperature but less rapidly above 1300{degrees}F. The percent reforming increases as the steam to carbon ratio is increased. Two basic groups of reforming catalysts, nickel - and platinum-basis, have been tested for the reforming activity.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Methane-steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

A discussion covers steam reforming developments to the 1950's; the kinetics of methane-steam reforming, of the water-gas shift during methane-steam reforming, and of the carbon formation during methane-steam reforming, as approached by Akers and Camp.

Van Hook, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

64

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

65

State of Maryland Employees and Retirees Health and Welfare Benefits Program Medical Plan Changes Effective July 1, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

care that is currently covered in full in network under healthcare reform remains covered in fullState of Maryland Employees and Retirees Health and Welfare Benefits Program Medical Plan Changes Copay In-Network Per Visit Copay Specialist Office Visit $25 $30 Urgent Care Facility $20 $30 Emergency

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

66

Biogas fuel reforming for solid oxide fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper strategies for biogas reforming and their ensuing effects on solid oxide fuel cell(SOFC) performance are explored. Synthesized biogas (65% CH4?+?35% CO2) fuel streams are reformed over a rhodium catalyst supported on a porous ?-alumina foam. Reforming approaches include steam reforming and catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) utilizing either air or pure oxygen as the oxidant. A computational model is developed and utilized to guide the specification of reforming conditions that maximize both CH4 and CO2 conversions. Model predictions are validated with experimental measurements over a wide range of biogas-reforming conditions. Higher reforming temperatures are shown to activate the biogas-borne CO2 to enable significant methane dry-reforming chemistry. Dry reforming minimizes the oxidant-addition needs for effective biogas conversion potentially decreasing the thermal requirements for reactant heating and improving system efficiency. Such high-temperature reforming conditions are prevalent during CPOX with a pure-O2 oxidant. While CPOX-with-O2 reforming is highly exothermic the endothermicity of dry-reforming chemistry can be exploited to ensure that catalyst temperatures do not reach levels which cause catalyst sintering and degradation. SOFCelectrochemical performance under biogas reformate is shown to vary substantially with reforming approach. Cell operation under CPOX-with-O2 reformate is found to be comparable to that under humidified hydrogen.

Danielle M. Murphy; Amy E. Richards; Andrew Colclasure; Wade A. Rosensteel; Neal P. Sullivan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Development of a comprehensive reporting system for a school reform organization: The Accelerated Schools Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theoretical framework for the reporting system, (b) identified data that should be collected in the reporting system, (c) performed a field test with an expert panel of educational professionals, (d) developed a preliminary form of the reporting system, (e...

Stephens, Jennifer Anne

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

68

Synthesis Gas Production by Combined Reforming of CO2-Containing Natural Gas with Steam and Partial Oxidation in a Multistage Gliding Arc Discharge System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis Gas Production by Combined Reforming of CO2-Containing Natural Gas with Steam and Partial Oxidation in a Multistage Gliding Arc Discharge System ... with low-current arcs available in the literature. ... Larkin, D. W.; Caldwell, T. A.; Lobban, L. L.; Mallinson, R. G.Oxygen pathways and carbon dioxide utilization in methane partial oxidation in ambient temperature electric discharges Energy Fuels 1998, 12, 740 ...

Krittiya Pornmai; Narissara Arthiwet; Nongnuch Rueangjitt; Hidetoshi Sekiguchi; Sumaeth Chavadej

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

69

NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

defining early what contractors should accomplish < establishing contracts ahead of time < minimizing cost while maintaining quality by * maximizing competition and use of incentives * using past performance information in awarding work * managing the NEPA process as a project This guidance provides: < model statements of work < information on contract types and incentives < direction on effective NEPA contract management by the NEPA Document Manager < a system for measuring NEPA process costs < NEPA contractor evaluation procedures < details on the DOE NEPA Web site U.S. Department of Energy, Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance, December 1996 NEPA CONTRACTING REFORM GUIDANCE Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

70

Preliminary and incomplete A Modest Proposal for International Monetary Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary and incomplete A Modest Proposal for International Monetary Reform International Columbia University #12;- 1 - - 1 - #12;- 2 - A Modest Proposal for International Monetary Reform Bruce are fundamental aspects of the present system and that, without reform, they will continue to plague the global

Grishok, Alla

71

Hydrogen Generation Via Fuel Reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reforming is the conversion of a hydrocarbon based fuel to a gas mixture that contains hydrogen. The H2 that is produced by reforming can then be used to produce electricity via fuel cells. The realization of H2?based power generation via reforming is facilitated by the existence of the liquid fuel and natural gas distribution infrastructures. Coupling these same infrastructures with more portable reforming technology facilitates the realization of fuel cell powered vehicles. The reformer is the first component in a fuel processor. Contaminants in the H2?enriched product stream such as carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) can significantly degrade the performance of current polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC’s). Removal of such contaminants requires extensive processing of the H2?rich product stream prior to utilization by the fuel cell to generate electricity. The remaining components of the fuel processor remove the contaminants in the H2 product stream. For transportation applications the entire fuel processing system must be as small and lightweight as possible to achieve desirable performance requirements. Current efforts at Argonne National Laboratory are focused on catalyst development and reactor engineering of the autothermal processing train for transportation applications.

John F. Krebs

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer, LNT, and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An advanced exhaust aftertreatment system developed to meet EPA 2010 and final Tier 4 emission regulations show substantial improvements in system performance while reducing system cost

73

SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in such fields as education reform, health care, poverty, urban systems, social welfare, childcare, and aging

Shahriar, Selim

74

Steam reforming analyzed  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that maximum steam reformer operation without excessive coking reactions requires careful control of thermodynamic and kinetic conditions. Regardless of the syngas-based feedstock composition, carbon formation problems can be avoided while increasing reformer CO or H{sub 2} production. Steam reforming technology is best understood via: Primary steam reformer developments, Kinetics of methane steam reforming, Simulation of an industrial steam/CO{sub 2} reformer, Example conditions (steam/CO{sub 2} reforming), Thermodynamic approach (minimum to steam ratio). Hydrogen and carbon monoxide are two of the most important building blocks in the chemical industry. Hydrogen is mainly used in ammonia and methanol synthesis and petroleum refining. Carbon monoxide is used to produce pains, plastics, foams, pesticides and insecticides, to name a few. Production of H{sub 2} and CO is usually carried out by the following processes: Steam reforming (primary and secondary) of hydrocarbons, Partial oxidation of hydrocarbons, Coal gasification. Coal gasification and partial oxidation do not use catalysts and depend on partial combustion of the feedstock to internally supply reaction heat. Secondary (autothermal) reforming is a type of steam reforming that also uses the heat of partial combustion but afterwards uses a catalyst of promote the production of hydrogen and CO.

Wagner, E.S. (KTI Corp., San Dimas, CA (US)); Froment, G.F. (Ghent Rijksuniversiteit (Belgium))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

The hot effluent from the catalytic steam reforming of a major portion of a fluid hydrocarbon feed stream in the reformer tubes of a primary reformer, or said effluent after secondary reforming thereof, is mixed with the hot effluent from the catalytic steam reforming of the remaining portion of the feed discharged from the reformer tubes of a primary reformer-exchanger. The combined gas steam is passed on the shell side of the reformer-exchanger countercurrently to the passage of feed in the reformer tubes thereof, thus supplying the heat for the reforming of the portion of the feed passed through the reformer tubes of the reformerexchanger. At least about 2/3 of the hydrocarbon feed stream is passed to the reformer tubes of said primary reformer, heated by radiant heat transfer and/or by contact with combustion gases, at a steam/hydrocarbon mole ratio of about 2-4/1. The remainder of said feed stream is passed to the reformer tubes of said reformer -exchanger at a steam/hydrocarbon mole ratio of about 3-6/1. The reformer shell of the reformer-exchanger is internally insulated by a refractory lining or by use of a double shell with passage of water or a portion of the feed material between the inner and outer shells. There is no significant difference between the pressure inside and outside of the reformer tubes of said primary reformer-exchanger.

Fuderer, A.

1982-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

76

Plasma catalytic reforming of methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal plasma technology can be efficiently used in the production of hydrogen and hydrogen-rich gases from methane and a variety of fuels. This article describes progress in plasma reforming experiments and calculations of high temperature conversion of methane using heterogeneous processes. The thermal plasma is a highly energetic state of matter that is characterized by extremely high temperatures (several thousand degrees Celsius), and a high degree of dissociation and a substantial degree of ionization. The high temperatures accelerate the reactions involved in the reforming process. Hydrogen-rich gas (40% H2, 17% CO2 and 33% N2, for partial oxidation/water shifting) can be efficiently made in compact plasma reformers. Experiments have been carried out in a small device (2–3 kW) and without the use of efficient heat regeneration. For partial oxidation/water shifting, it was determined that the specific energy consumption in the plasma reforming processes is 16 MJ/kg H2 with high conversion efficiencies. Larger plasmatrons, better reactor thermal insulation, efficient heat regeneration and improved plasma catalysis could also play a major role in specific energy consumption reduction and increasing the methane conversion. A system has been demonstrated for hydrogen production with low CO content (?1.5%) with power densities of ?30 kW (H2 HHV)/l of reactor, or ?10 m3/h H2 per liter of reactor. Power density should further increase with increased power and improved design.

L Bromberg; D.R Cohn; A Rabinovich; N Alexeev

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The new politics of welfare in post-socialist Central Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the evolution of welfare systems in post-socialist countries. Utilizing a range of data on social policy legislation and outcomes across countries, the author shows the extent to which post-socialist ...

Brown, Dana L., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Part of the welfare mix: The third sector as an intermediate area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a conceptional framework which analyses the third sector as a part of a mixed welfare system, otherwise made up of the market, the state and the informal private household spheres. From t...

Adalbert Evers

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

SAMRUK KAZYNA National Welfare Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SAMRUK KAZYNA National Welfare Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name: SAMRUK-KAZYNA National Welfare Fund Place: Kazakhstan Sector: Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product:...

80

Pillars of reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... misgivings seem to have reached crisis point. China today is full of new initiatives, reforms and an anti-corruption drive that together aim to set the nation on the right ... to be monumental — if China follows it through. The nation is also right to reform how the Chinese Academy of Sciences supports promising research projects. And perhaps most boldly ...

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Natural Gas Reforming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Natural gas reforming is an advanced and mature production process that builds upon the existing natural gas pipeline delivery infrastructure. Today, 95% of the hydrogen produced in the United States is made by natural gas reforming in large central plants. This technology is an important pathway for near-term hydrogen production.

82

NIH Peer Review Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...EDITOR LETTER TO THE EDITOR NIH Peer Review Reform Marc C. Torjman Phone...Camden, NJ 08103 The editorial NIH Peer Review Reform-Change We Need, or Lipstick...better exposed the problems of grant peer review and, more importantly, the irreparable...

Marc C. Torjman

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ecology and welfare of aquatic animals in wild capture B. K. Diggles S. J. Cooke J. D. Rose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEWS Ecology and welfare of aquatic animals in wild capture fisheries B. K. Diggles · S. J Freedoms'' approach to animal welfare was originally devised for farmed terrestrial animals, and has been within food production systems. There are now moves towards assessing and addressing aquatic animal

Cooke, Steven J.

84

FUEL CELLS – SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS | Internal and External Reformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three basic concepts of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems operating on hydrocarbon fuels, with external, internal, and partial prereforming, respectively, are presented and discussed. Internal reforming of methane is advantageously used for additional cooling of the SOFC stack, thus increasing system efficiency. Basic thermodynamics, catalysis, and kinetics of the methane steam reforming process are presented. Examples of SOFC stacks operating on internal reforming of methane and simulated partial prereforming of mine gas and natural gas are discussed. The latter is used to illustrate the effect of internal methane reforming on heat management in SOFC stacks.

L.G.J. de Haart; R. Peters

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Welfare Financing: Grant Allocation and Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Welfare is often administered locally, but financed through grants from the central government. This raises the ... spending more than necessary. We analyze block grants used in The Netherlands, which depend on ....

Linda A. Toolsema; Maarten A. Allers

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Media Framing Of U.S. Health Care Reform: A New Era Or Reinforcing Dominant Ideologies Of Health And The Health Care System?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reform? 8. Are any pharmaceutical industry groups referredreform? 7. Are any pharmaceutical industry groups referredquoted. I27. Are pharmaceutical industry referred to/quoted

Jaworski, Beth Kristen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Steam reforming of fuel to hydrogen in fuel cells  

SciTech Connect

A fuel cell is claimed capable of utilizing a hydrocarbon such as methane as fuel and having an internal dual catalyst system within the anode zone, the dual catalyst system including an anode catalyst supporting and in heat conducting relationship with a reforming catalyst with heat for the reforming reaction being supplied by the reaction at the anode catalyst.

Fraioli, A.V.; Young, J.E.

1984-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

88

Steam reforming of fuel to hydrogen in fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell capable of utilizing a hydrocarbon such as methane as fuel and having an internal dual catalyst system within the anode zone, the dual catalyst system including an anode catalyst supporting and in heat conducting relationship with a reforming catalyst with heat for the reforming reaction being supplied by the reaction at the anode catalyst.

Fraioli, Anthony V. (Hawthorne Woods, IL); Young, John E. (Woodridge, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Steam reforming of fuel to hydrogen in fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell is described capable of utilizing a hydrocarbon such as methane as fuel and having an internal dual catalyst system within the anode zone, the dual catalyst system including an anode catalyst supporting and in heat conducting relationship with a reforming catalyst with heat for the reforming reaction being supplied by the reaction at the anode catalyst.

Young, J.E.; Fraioli, A.V.

1983-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

90

Renewable Liquid Fuels Reforming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Program anticipates that distributed reforming of biomass-derived liquid fuels could be commercial during the transition to hydrogen and used in the mid- and long-term time frames.

91

NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

None

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Incentives in Water Management Reform: Assessing the Effect on Water Use,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incentives in Water Management Reform: Assessing the Effect on Water Use, Incentives in Water Management Reform: Assessing the Effect on Water Use, Production and Poverty in the Yellow River Basin Speaker(s): Jinixia Wang Date: May 22, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The purpose of this presentation is to better understand water management reform in China's rural communities, focusing on the effect of incentives to water managers on the nation's water resources and the welfare of the rural population. Based on a survey study in the Yellow River Basin, our findings show that Water User Associations and contracting have begun to systematically replace traditional forms of collective management. The analysis demonstrates, however, that it is not a nominal implementation of the reform that matters, but rather it is a creation of new management

93

Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to the NHS Future Forum inquiry into the NHS reforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the NHS reforms October 2011 1 NHS Future Forum: Inquiry into the NHS reforms Response by the Wellcome focus primarily on the impact of the reforms on health research and innovation, which run throughout the Future Forum's four themes. 3. The reforms of the NHS and public health systems must bring about

Rambaut, Andrew

94

Natural Gas Reforming | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Production Natural Gas Reforming Natural Gas Reforming Photo of Petroleum Refinery Natural gas reforming is an advanced and mature production process that builds upon...

95

Plasma catalytic reforming of methane  

SciTech Connect

Thermal plasma technology can be efficiently used in the production of hydrogen and hydrogen-rich gases from methane and a variety of fuels. This paper describes progress in plasma reforming experiments and calculations of high temperature conversion of methane using heterogeneous processes. The thermal plasma is a highly energetic state of matter that is characterized by extremely high temperatures (several thousand degrees Celsius) and high degree of dissociation and substantial degree of ionization. The high temperatures accelerate the reactions involved in the reforming process. Hydrogen-rich gas (50% H{sub 2}, 17% CO and 33% N{sub 2}, for partial oxidation/water shifting) can be efficiently made in compact plasma reformers. Experiments have been carried out in a small device (2--3 kW) and without the use of efficient heat regeneration. For partial oxidation/water shifting, it was determined that the specific energy consumption in the plasma reforming processes is 16 MJ/kg H{sub 2} with high conversion efficiencies. Larger plasmatrons, better reactor thermal insulation, efficient heat regeneration and improved plasma catalysis could also play a major role in specific energy consumption reduction and increasing the methane conversion. A system has been demonstrated for hydrogen production with low CO content ({approximately} 1.5%) with power densities of {approximately} 30 kW (H{sub 2} HHV)/liter of reactor, or {approximately} 10 m{sup 3}/hr H{sub 2} per liter of reactor. Power density should further increase with increased power and improved design.

Bromberg, L.; Cohn, D.R.; Rabinovich, A. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Alexeev, N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Baikov Inst. of Metallurgy

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Future welfare, prosperity, and sustainability of the human enterprise rely on science-informed decisions about our social systems and the environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-informed decisions about our social systems and the environment. Understanding how the environment works - insights. The mission of the Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Environmental Science and Engineering is to develop basic of the environment. This is an exciting time at the Parsons Lab. Scientific discoveries and technological

Polz, Martin

97

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet Social historians have broadly defined two cycles of American history characterized by an efflorescence of social movements aiming to reform both the individual to the 1920s. The reform impulse thrived wherever there was a perceived vice, abuse or corruption

Boyer, Edmond

98

Reforming the Private Insurance Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUMMARY s national health care reform efforts go forward, it is instructive to review states' experience INTRODUCTION he prospects for national health care reform are more promising than at any time since 1994. President Obama and Members of Congress have made health care reform a top priority and legislation

Kammen, Daniel M.

99

Process gas and steam-electric system parameters and advanced reformer concept guidelines for 850/sup 0/C IDC and 950/sup 0/C monolithic HTGR concepts  

SciTech Connect

The following is a description of the endeavors being pursued at ARSD as potential means of directly reducing the reformer plant and/or product costs. Three broad areas are currently under evaluation to achieve the cost reduction objectives and they include: (1) reduced reformer cost by simplifying the design, (2) improving thermochemical performance by enhanced heat transfer and catalyst activity, and (3) modification of process condition assumptions.

Not Available

1982-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

Energy and exergy analysis of an ethanol reforming process for solid oxide fuel cell applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fuel processor in which hydrogen is produced from fuels is an important unit in a fuel cell system. The aim of this study is to apply a thermodynamic concept to identify a suitable reforming process for an ethanol-fueled solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Three different reforming technologies, i.e., steam reforming, partial oxidation and autothermal reforming, are considered. The first and second laws of thermodynamics are employed to determine an energy demand and to describe how efficiently the energy is supplied to the reforming process. Effect of key operating parameters on the distribution of reforming products, such as H2, CO, CO2 and CH4, and the possibility of carbon formation in different ethanol reformings are examined as a function of steam-to-ethanol ratio, oxygen-to-ethanol ratio and temperatures at atmospheric pressure. Energy and exergy analysis are performed to identify the best ethanol reforming process for SOFC applications.

Phanicha Tippawan; Amornchai Arpornwichanop

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

Developments in catalyst technology for the dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks are reviewed for methane, higher hydrocarbons and alcohols. Thermodynamics, mechanisms and the kinetics of dry reforming are also reviewed. The literature on Ni catalysts, bi-metallic Ni catalysts and the role of promoters on Ni catalysts is critically evaluated. The use of noble and transitional metal catalysts for dry reforming is discussed. The application of solid oxide and metal carbide catalysts to dry reforming is also evaluated. Finally, various mechanisms for catalyst deactivation are assessed. This review also examines the various process related issues associated with dry reforming such as its application and heat optimization. Novel approaches such as supercritical dry reforming and microwave assisted dry reforming are briefly expanded upon.

Shah, Yatish T. [Norfolk State University; Gardner, Todd H. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Technology Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) Technology for Tank 48H Treatment Project (TTP) Technology Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) Technology for Tank 48H Treatment Project (TTP) This assessment determines the technology maturity level of the candidate Tank 48H treatment technologies that are being considered for implementation at DOE's SRS - specifically Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer System. Technology Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) Technology for Tank 48H Treatment Project (TTP) More Documents & Publications Technology Maturation Plan (TMP) Wet Air Oxidation (WAO) Technology for Tank 48H Treatment Project (TTP) SRS Tank 48H Waste Treatment Project Technology Readiness Assessment

103

Produce synthesis gas by steam reforming natural gas  

SciTech Connect

For production of synthesis gas from natural gas the steam reforming process is still the most economical. It generates synthesis gas for ammonia and methanol production as well as hydrogen, oxo gas and town gas. After desulfurization, the natural gas is mixed with steam and fed to the reforming furnace where decomposition of hydrocarbons takes place in the presence of a nickel-containing catalyst. Synthesis gas that must be free of CO and CO/sub 2/ is further treated in a CO shift conversion, a CO/sub 2/ scrubbing unit and a methanation unit. The discussion covers the following topics - reforming furnace; the outlet manifold system; secondary reformer; reformed gas cooling. Many design details of equipment used are given.

Marsch, H.D.; Herbort, H.J.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A multi-level simulation platform of natural gas internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell–gas turbine hybrid generation system – Part II. Balancing units model library and system simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following our integrated hierarchical modeling framework of natural gas internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell (IRSOFC), this paper firstly introduces the model libraries of main balancing units, including some state-of-the-art achievements and our specific work. Based on gPROMS programming code, flexible configuration and modular design are fully realized by specifying graphically all unit models in each level. Via comparison with the steady-state experimental data of Siemens–Westinghouse demonstration system, the in-house multi-level SOFC–gas turbine (GT) simulation platform is validated to be more accurate than the advanced power system analysis tool (APSAT). Moreover, some units of the demonstration system are designed reversely for analysis of a typically part-load transient process. The framework of distributed and dynamic modeling in most of units is significant for the development of control strategies in the future.

Cheng Bao; Ningsheng Cai; Eric Croiset

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Compact and Efficient Steam Methane Reformer for Hydrogen Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A small-scale steam-methane reforming system for localized, distributed production of hydrogen offers improved performance and lower cost by integrating the following technologies developed at the… (more)

Quon, Willard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Methane-steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

The literature relating to the kinetics of methane-steam reforming involving integral and differential reactor data, porous nickel catalysts and nickel foil, and data over large ranges of temperature (500 to 1700/sup 0/F), pressure (0.01 to 50 atm), and intrinsic catalyst activities (200,000-fold) was reviewed. A simple reversible first-order kinetic expression for the steam-methane reaction appears to be applicable throughout the operable region of steam-to-carbon ratios. Internal pore diffusion limitation on the conversion rate, due to catalyst size and/or intrinsic catalyst activity and total operating pressure was underlined. S-shaped Arrhenium plots (changing activation energy) are obtained when steam reforming is conducted over a temperature range sufficient to produce intrinsic kinetics (low temperature, inactive catalyst, or small catalyst size), pore diffusional limitations, and reaction on the outside surface. Homogeneous gas-phase kinetics appear to contribute only at relatively high temperature (1400/sup 0/F). In steam reforming, the water-gas shift reaction departs from its equilibrium position, especially at low methane conversion level. A general correlation of approach to water-gas shift equilibration as a function of conversion level only was indicated. (DP) 18 figures, 6 tables.

Van Hook, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by NREL's Robert Evans at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

108

Renewable Hydrogen from Ethanol by Autothermal Reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...soy oil limits its economics. Ethanol is now...desirability of autothermal reforming of ethanol (10...reaction with water in the steam-reforming reaction (1113...partial oxidation with steam reforming and the WGS...

G. A. Deluga; J. R. Salge; L. D. Schmidt; X. E. Verykios

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

What's right SHIP & Healthcare Reform Forum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&Health Reform What's right for you SHIP & Healthcare Reform Forum: What's Right for You This session will help you: * demystify the healthcare reform changes * explore your options * learn how

Walker, Matthew P.

110

Should we subsidize work? Welfare reform, the earned income tax credit and optimal transfers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the 1990s, US income transfer and tax policies shifted towards trying to encourage work among low-income families. Optimal tax theory, however, suggests that work subsidies are usually an inefficient wa...

Gregory Acs; Eric Toder

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Aeronautical System Center's environmental compliance assessment and management program's cost-saving initiatives support the Air Force's acquisition reform initiative  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Management directorate of ASC (ASC/EM) has the responsibility of providing government oversight for the Government Owned Contractor Operated Aircraft and Missile plants (GOCOs). This oversight is manifested as a landlord role where Air Force provides the funding required to maintain the plant facilities including buildings and utilities as well as environmental systems. By agreement the companies operating the plants are required to operate them in accordance with environmental law. Presently the GOCOs include Air Force Plant (AFP) 6 in Marietta Ga., AFP 4 in Fort Worth, Tx., AFP 44 in Tucson, Az., AFP 42 in Palmdale, Ca., and AFP PJKS in Denver, Co. Lockheed Martin corporation operates AFPs 4,6, PJKS and a portion of AFP 42 while AFP 44 is operated by Raytheon Missile Systems Company. Other GOCOs at AFP 42 are Northrup-Grumman, Boeing, and Cabaco, the facilities engineer. Since 1992 the Environmental Management division has conducted its Environmental Compliance Assessment and Management Program assessments (ECAMP) annually at each of the plants. Using DOD's ECAMP Team Guide and teams comprised of both Air Force and consultant engineering personnel, each plant is assessed for its environmental compliance well being. In the face of rising operational costs and diminishing budgets ASC/EM performed a comprehensive review of its ECAMP. As a result, the basic ECAMP program was improved to reduce costs without compromising on quality of the effort. The program retained its emphasis in providing a snap-shot evaluation of each Air Force plant's environmental compliance health supported by complete but tailored protocol assessments.

Meanor, T.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A Fast Start-up On-Board Fuel Reformer for NOx Adsorber Regeneration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration of Single Leg NOx Adsorber Systems Hydrogen generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel exhaust aftertreatment...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc plasma-catalyst reformer Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: by reforming their political institutions. States such as Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Taiwan and East... systems and other key democratic...

114

Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Carbohydrates via Aqueous-Phase Reforming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Virent Energy Systems, Inc. at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

115

Sulfur-tolerant natural gas reforming for fuel-cell applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An attractive simplification of PEM-FC systems operated with natural gas would be the use of a sulfur tolerant reforming catalyst, but such a catalyst has… (more)

Hennings, Ulrich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Steam reforming process  

SciTech Connect

Methane-containing gases are produced by the catalytic-stream reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks using a catalyst which includes a group VIII metal such as nickel and alumina, and which in its calcined but unreduced precursor form has a pore size distribution defined as follows: (I) at least 55% of the pore volume of pores having a pore radius between 12 and 120 angstrom units is in the range of 12-30 angstrom units, and (II) the ratio of the pore volume contained in pores of 10-50 a to the pore volume contained in pores 50-300 a is at least 5:1.

Banks, R.G.; Williams, A.

1981-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Multi-fuel reformers for fuel cells used in transportation. Multi-fuel reformers: Phase 1 -- Final report  

SciTech Connect

DOE has established the goal, through the Fuel Cells in Transportation Program, of fostering the rapid development and commercialization of fuel cells as economic competitors for the internal combustion engine. Central to this goal is a safe feasible means of supplying hydrogen of the required purity to the vehicular fuel cell system. Two basic strategies are being considered: (1) on-board fuel processing whereby alternative fuels such as methanol, ethanol or natural gas stored on the vehicle undergo reformation and subsequent processing to produce hydrogen, and (2) on-board storage of pure hydrogen provided by stationary fuel processing plants. This report analyzes fuel processor technologies, types of fuel and fuel cell options for on-board reformation. As the Phase 1 of a multi-phased program to develop a prototype multi-fuel reformer system for a fuel cell powered vehicle, the objective of this program was to evaluate the feasibility of a multi-fuel reformer concept and to select a reforming technology for further development in the Phase 2 program, with the ultimate goal of integration with a DOE-designated fuel cell and vehicle configuration. The basic reformer processes examined in this study included catalytic steam reforming (SR), non-catalytic partial oxidation (POX) and catalytic partial oxidation (also known as Autothermal Reforming, or ATR). Fuels under consideration in this study included methanol, ethanol, and natural gas. A systematic evaluation of reforming technologies, fuels, and transportation fuel cell applications was conducted for the purpose of selecting a suitable multi-fuel processor for further development and demonstration in a transportation application.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Reforming The Government Hiring Process | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reforming The Government Hiring Process Reforming The Government Hiring Process Reforming The Government Hiring Process November 19, 2010 - 10:10am Addthis Rita Franklin Rita Franklin Deputy Chief Human Capital Officer What does this mean for me? In the video, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman highlights the Department's "Time-to-Hire Tracking and Reporting System." The Department reduced the end-to-end time-to-hire from 174 calendar days for Fiscal Year FY 2009 to 100 days for FY 2010. Wednesday, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and I met with leaders from across the Federal government to share our progress in the our Department's hiring reform efforts. Six months ago, President Obama called on all executive departments and federal agencies to overhaul the way we recruit and hire. As the President

119

Reforming The Government Hiring Process | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reforming The Government Hiring Process Reforming The Government Hiring Process Reforming The Government Hiring Process November 19, 2010 - 10:10am Addthis Rita Franklin Rita Franklin Deputy Chief Human Capital Officer What does this mean for me? In the video, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman highlights the Department's "Time-to-Hire Tracking and Reporting System." The Department reduced the end-to-end time-to-hire from 174 calendar days for Fiscal Year FY 2009 to 100 days for FY 2010. Wednesday, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and I met with leaders from across the Federal government to share our progress in the our Department's hiring reform efforts. Six months ago, President Obama called on all executive departments and federal agencies to overhaul the way we recruit and hire. As the President

120

Electrical Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) Electrical Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Fees Provider Montana Department of Revenue This Act reforms taxes paid by electricity generators to reduce tax rates and imposes replacement taxes in response to the 1997 restructuring of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Welfare and Profit Maximization with Production Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combinatorial Auctions are a central problem in Algorithmic Mechanism Design: pricing and allocating goods to buyers with complex preferences in order to maximize some desired objective (e.g., social welfare, revenue, or profit). The problem has been well-studied in the case of limited supply (one copy of each item), and in the case of digital goods (the seller can produce additional copies at no cost). Yet in the case of resources---oil, labor, computing cycles, etc.---neither of these abstractions is just right: additional supplies of these resources can be found, but at increasing difficulty (marginal cost) as resources are depleted. In this work, we initiate the study of the algorithmic mechanism design problem of combinatorial pricing under increasing marginal cost. The goal is to sell these goods to buyers with unknown and arbitrary combinatorial valuation functions to maximize either the social welfare, or the seller's profit; specifically we focus on the setting of \\emph{posted item prices} with buyer...

Blum, Avrim; Mansour, Yishay; Sharma, Ankit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Recent developments in the health systems of the US, UK, Canada, the Netherlands and Australia will be discussed. Professor Ted Marmor will address the Obama reforms, the latest UK proposals,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in health reforms, and their relevance to the Australian situation, can be identified and explored. Theodore newspapers. Dr Kieke Okma's most recent book is Six Countries, Six Reform Models? The Health Reform Crivelli (eds), 2010. Robert Wells is the Director of the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute

Botea, Adi

123

Health insurance reform: The impact of a Medicare buy-in  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The steady-state general equilibrium and welfare consequences of a Medicare buy-in program, optional for those aged 55–64, is evaluated in a calibrated life-cycle economy with incomplete markets. Incomplete markets and adverse selection create a potential welfare improving role for health insurance reform. We find that adverse selection eliminates any market for a Medicare buy-in if it is offered as an unsubsidized option to individual private health insurance. The subsidy needed to bring the number of uninsured to less than 5 percent of the target population could be financed by an increase in the labor income tax rate of just 0.03–0.18 percent depending on how the program is implemented.

Gary D. Hansen; Minchung Hsu; Junsang Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Multipath Curved Planar Reformation of the Peripheral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multipath Curved Planar Reformation of the Peripheral Arterial Tree in CT Angiography1 Justus that cause artifacts in multipath curved planar reformations (MPCPRs) of the peripheral arterial tree in 10-oblique multiplanar reformations perpendicular to the ves- sel centerline (10), and curved planar reformations

125

Toward a Reformalization of QSIM Benjamin Shults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward a Reformalization of QSIM Benjamin Shults Department of Mathematics University of Texas is to reformalize part of the framework of the Guaranteed Coverage Theorem for QSIM. The intention is not to reformalize every detail of the proof but merely to mention some areas whose reformalization lends deeper

Kuipers, Benjamin

126

Optimization of Multiplanar Reformations from Isotropic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of Multiplanar Reformations from Isotropic Data Sets Acquired with 16­ Detector Row coronal reformations at vari- ous thicknesses were ranked qualitatively by three radiol- ogists. Effective reformations of data acquired in the custom phantom were compared, coronal reformations obtained with the 16

127

Reformer-pressure swing adsorption process for the production of carbon monoxide  

SciTech Connect

An improved process for the production of carbon monoxide by the steam reforming of hydrocarbons is described comprising: (a) catalytically reacting a fluid hydrocarbon feed stream with steam in a steam reformer; (b) passing the reformer effluent containing hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from the steam reformer, without scrubbing to remove the carbon dioxide content thereof, to a pressure swing adsorption system having at least four adsorbent beds, each bed of which, on a cyclic basis, undergoes a processing sequence; (c) recycling the carbon dioxide-rich stream to the steam reformer for reaction with additional quantities of the hydrocarbon feed stream being passed to the stream reformer to form additional quantities of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, with product recovery being enhanced and the need for employing a carbon dioxide wash system being obviated.

Fuderer, A.

1988-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Internet Use, Welfare, and Well-Being: Evidence From Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditional consumer theory assumes that welfare is derived at the point where goods are purchased. More recent theories however argue that what matters is dependent on what happens after goods are purchased. Such information requires surveys that are ... Keywords: information technology, survey evidence, welfare analysis

Jeffrey James

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Malpractice Reform — Opportunities for Leadership by Health Care Institutions and Liability Insurers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...care systems or states implement innovative reforms. Second, institutional reforms can be led by physician champions and other insiders, promoting buy-in from clinical and risk-management staff. Third, because most private approaches do not abridge legal remedies, they may be more palatable to consumer... Innovative malpractice reforms can be implemented by health care institutions and liability insurers without requiring changes in the law. Michelle Mello and Dr. Thomas Gallagher focus on emerging models of disclosure of medical injuries and early ...

Mello M.M.; Gallagher T.H.

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Hiring Reform | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hiring Reform Hiring Reform Hiring Reform President Obama's Memorandum dated May 11, 2010, Improving the Federal Recruitment and Hiring Process, is Phase I of the Administration's comprehensive initiative to address major, long-standing impediments to recruiting and hiring the best and the brightest into the Federal civilian workforce. The Memorandum is based on issues that DOE and others brought to the attention of OPM, and it is designed to help Agencies build the workforce you need to achieve your goals. The Presidential Memorandum launches the Obama Administration's flagship personnel policy reform initiative. It builds on a nearly year-long collaboration between OPM and Agencies aimed at streamlining the hiring process and recruiting top talent, especially for mission-critical jobs.

131

Medicare's Chronic Care Management Payment — Payment Reform for Primary Care  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...efforts to reform U.S. health care delivery focus on creating a high-performing primary care system that improves value through increased emphasis on access, prevention, and care coordination. Reformers recognize that the fee-for-service system, which restricts payments for primary care to office-based... In 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services will introduce a non–visit-based payment for chronic care management. The new policy reflects an investment in primary care that may contribute to the development of a value-oriented health system.

Edwards S.T.; Landon B.E.

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

132

Recover heat from steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

Steam reforming is one of the most important chemical processes--it is used in the manufacture of ammonia, hydrogen, methanol, and many chemicals made from hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Furthermore, many current trends will increase its importance. For example, methanol for addition to gasoline is likely to be produced by steam reforming. Because steam reforming occurs at high temperatures--typically 750 C--900 C--it generates a large amount of waste heat. Clearly, heat recovery is crucial to process economics. A typical 50,000 Nm[sup 3]/h hydrogen plant using natural gas feed has a radiant heat duty of about 50 MW. At a radiant efficiency of 50% and fuel cost of $3/GJ, this means that the reformer fires $9 million worth of fuel per year. Obviously, this amount of fuel justifies a close loot at ways to reduce costs. This article first provides a brief overview of steam reforming. It then outlines the available heat-recovery options and explains how to select the best method.

Fleshman, J.D. (Foster Wheeler USA Corp., Livingston, NJ (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Safety and Security Directives Reform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reforming a "Mountain" of Policy Reforming a "Mountain" of Policy Beginning with his confirmation hearings in January 2009, Energy Secretary Steven Chu challenged the Department of Energy to take a fresh look at how we conduct business. This challenge provided the opportunity for DOE to put in place the most effective and efficient strategies to accomplish the Department's missions safely and securely. In response to the Secretary's challenge and building on the results of Deputy Secretary Poneman's Safety and Security Reform studies, the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) broadened its directives review activities during 2009. By November 2009 HSS had initiated a disciplined review of all health, safety, and security directives, which included a systematic review of the Department's safety and security regulatory model.

134

Oil price stabilization and global welfare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Oil price stabilization polices are adopted extensively in developing countries. Some argue that developed economies, especially the US, may gain from these policies through trade. This paper studies this issue in a two-country model with dollar currency pricing. We find that the optimal level of oil price stabilization chosen by developing countries and its implications for global welfare depend critically on whether monetary policy can effectively respond to oil shocks. In an environment without monetary shocks, when optimal monetary policies are considered, there is no role for oil price stabilization in developing countries. However, to make the oil price stabilization policy redundant, optimal monetary policy is not necessary. Some non-optimal endogenous monetary policies satisfying certain conditions can also make the developing countries choose zero oil price stabilization. The results change when there are monetary shocks. Even with optimal monetary policies, the developing countries will choose a positive level of oil price stabilization. However, due to dollar currency pricing, the US actually loses from the stabilization policy. Our results are well supported by the quantitative analysis in a full-fledged dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model.

Qing Liu; Kang Shi; Zhouheng Wu; Juanyi Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

NEPA Contracting Reform Guidance (December 1996)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

defining early what contractors should accomplish defining early what contractors should accomplish < establishing contracts ahead of time < minimizing cost while maintaining quality by * maximizing competition and use of incentives * using past performance information in awarding work * managing the NEPA process as a project This guidance provides: < model statements of work < information on contract types and incentives < direction on effective NEPA contract management by the NEPA Document Manager < a system for measuring NEPA process costs < NEPA contractor evaluation procedures < details on the DOE NEPA Web site U.S. Department of Energy, Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance, December 1996 NEPA CONTRACTING REFORM GUIDANCE Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

136

Attrition resistant fluidizable reforming catalyst  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of preparing a steam reforming catalyst characterized by improved resistance to attrition loss when used for cracking, reforming, water gas shift and gasification reactions on feedstock in a fluidized bed reactor, comprising: fabricating the ceramic support particle, coating a ceramic support by adding an aqueous solution of a precursor salt of a metal selected from the group consisting of Ni, Pt, Pd, Ru, Rh, Cr, Co, Mn, Mg, K, La and Fe and mixtures thereof to the ceramic support and calcining the coated ceramic in air to convert the metal salts to metal oxides.

Parent, Yves O. (Golden, CO); Magrini, Kim (Golden, CO); Landin, Steven M. (Conifer, CO); Ritland, Marcus A. (Palm Beach Shores, FL)

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

Steam reformer study proposed by Battelle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steam reformer study proposed by Battelle ... At a meeting held at Battelle's Columbus, Ohio, laboratories, D. B. Roach told representatives of 24 firms involved in various aspects of steam reforming that, though production of hydrogen through steam reforming has been a highly successful process, "increased plant size and more severe operating conditions have given rise to serious problems." ...

1969-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

138

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation The Department of Energy (DOE) today publishes a final statement of policy on intergovernmental consultation under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. The policy reflects the guidelines and instructions that the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provided to each agency to develop, with input from State, local, and tribal officials, an intergovernmental consultation process with regard to significant intergovernmental mandates contained in a notice of proposed rulemaking. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation More Documents & Publications TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Key Documents

139

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation The Department of Energy (DOE) today publishes a final statement of policy on intergovernmental consultation under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. The policy reflects the guidelines and instructions that the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provided to each agency to develop, with input from State, local, and tribal officials, an intergovernmental consultation process with regard to significant intergovernmental mandates contained in a notice of proposed rulemaking. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation More Documents & Publications TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Key Documents

140

Steam Reforming of Low-Level Mixed Waste  

SciTech Connect

Under DOE Contract No. DE-AR21-95MC32091, Steam Reforming of Low-Level Mixed Waste, ThermoChem has successfully designed, fabricated and operated a nominal 90 pound per hour Process Development Unit (PDU) on various low-level mixed waste surrogates. The design construction, and testing of the PDU as well as performance and economic projections for a 500- lb/hr demonstration and commercial system are described. The overall system offers an environmentally safe, non-incinerating, cost-effective, and publicly acceptable method of processing LLMW. The steam-reforming technology was ranked the No. 1 non-incineration technology for destruction of hazardous organic wastes in a study commissioned by the Mixed Waste Focus Area published April 1997.1 The ThermoChem steam-reforming system has been developed over the last 13 years culminating in this successful test campaign on LLMW surrogates. Six surrogates were successfidly tested including a 750-hour test on material simulating a PCB- and Uranium- contaminated solid waste found at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The test results indicated essentially total (>99.9999oA) destruction of RCRA and TSCA hazardous halogenated organics, significant levels of volume reduction (> 400 to 1), and retention of radlonuclides in the volume-reduced solids. Cost studies have shown the steam-reforming system to be very cost competitive with more conventional and other emerging technologies.

None

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

First Generation Indian External Sector Reforms in Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

India's first generation external sector reforms are a fascinating case study of emergence from a post-Independence socialist-style economy to the world’s largest free market democracy. Part I of this article reviews the Indian license Raj system...

Bhala, Raj

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Hydrocarbon steam reforming using series steam superheaters  

SciTech Connect

In a process for steam reforming of a hydrocarbon gas feedstream wherein: the hydrocarbon gas feedstream is partially reformed at elevated temperatures in indirect heat exchange with hot combustion gases in a direct fired primary reforming furnace provided with a convection section for recovery of excess heat from said combustion gases; and the partially reformed feedstream is then further reformed in the presence of an oxygen-containing gas and steam in a secondary reformer to form a secondary reformer gaseous effluent; the improvement which comprises recovering waste heat from said secondary reformer effluent gas and from said primary reforming combustion products by heating a high pressure saturated steam in a first steam superheating zone by indirect heat exchange with at least a portion of said secondary reformer effluent gas to form a first superheated steam stream; and further heating said first superheated steam in a second steam superheating zone by indirect heat exchange with at least a portion of said primary reformer hot combustion gases for form a second superheated steam stream.

Osman, R. M.

1985-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

143

What Determines the Likelihood of Structural Reforms?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We use data for a panel of 60 countries over the period 1980-2005 to investigate the main drivers of the likelihood of structural reforms. We find that: (i) external debt crises are the main trigger of financial and banking reforms; (ii) inflation and banking crises are the key drivers of external capital account reforms; (iii) banking crises also hasten financial reforms; and (iv) economic recessions play an important role in promoting the necessary consensus for financial, capital, banking and trade reforms, especially in the group of OECD-countries. Additionally, we also observe that the degree of globalisation is relevant for financial reforms, in particular in the group of non-OECD countries. Moreover, an increase in the income gap accelerates the implementation of structural reforms, but increased political fragmentation does not seem to have a significant impact.

Luca Agnello; Vitor Castro; João Tovar Jalles; Ricardo M. Sousa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA) Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA) Year 1987 Url FederalOnshore1987.jpg Description Another amendment to the Mineral Leasing Act, The Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 granted the USDA Forest Service the authority to make decisions and implement regulations concerning the leasing of public domain minerals on National Forest System lands containing oil and gas. References Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA)[1] Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA) (30 U.S.C. § 181 et seq.) - Another amendment to the Mineral Leasing Act, The Federal

145

Update on IT Reform at the Department of Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Update on IT Reform at the Department of Energy Update on IT Reform at the Department of Energy Update on IT Reform at the Department of Energy June 4, 2012 - 2:14pm Addthis The last 18 months have seen great improvements in the Department of Energy's (DOE) information technology and cybersecurity. A major factor in our success is our alignment with the 25 Point Implementation Plan To Reform Federal Information Technology Management to move to a "Cloud First" environment and maximize the use of shared services to reduce costs and improve IT delivery. Cloud-First/Shared Services: In August 2011, we revamped our online presence by launching Energy.gov and delivering a single platform solution through an open-source content management system and cloud hosting environment. Ultimately, the website reform effort aims to save taxpayers more than $10 million per

146

Fuel cell integrated with steam reformer  

SciTech Connect

A process is described of providing a continuous supply of hydrogen fuel to a fuel cell system. The system comprises a heat exchanger, a burner, a catalytic reactor containing a catalyst bed for catalyzing the production of hydrogen from a gaseous mixture of water and methanol and a fuel cell comprised of a fuel electrode, an oxygen electrode and an electrolyte disposed therebetween. The process comprises: passing a gaseous mixture consisting essentially of water and methanol to the heat exchanger to heat the mixture to a superheated state, the temperature and composition of the superheated mixture being sufficient to supply at least about 90% of the heat required for reforming the methanol contained in the mixture by condensation.

Beshty, B.S.; Whelan, J.A.

1987-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

147

Reform of Public Hospitals and the Main Role of Medical Staffs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The success of reforms to the public hospital system in China ... factors are known to influence the motivation of health workers, including remuneration, acquisition of power and reputation, the ability to care ...

Peiying Zhang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Healthcare reform in the United States and China: pharmaceutical market implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This article analyzes the implications of health system reforms in the United States and China for national pharmaceutical markets. It follows a historical institutionalist approach that identifies path dependency in the design and operation of national health...

Daemmrich, Arthur; Mohanty, Ansuman

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

149

Environmental fiscal reform (EFR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental fiscal reform (EFR) Environmental fiscal reform (EFR) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Environmental fiscal reform (EFR) Agency/Company /Organization: Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI), International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), World Bank Phase: Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs References: Environmental fiscal reform - What should be done and how to achieve it[1] Reforming fiscal policies to close the gap between economic and ecological efficiencies[2] Overview "The term environmental fiscal reform (EFR) refers to: a range of taxation or pricing instruments that can raise revenue, while simultaneously furthering environmental goals. This is achieved by providing economic

150

The welfare gain from replacing the health insurance tax exclusion with lump-sum tax credits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the welfare gain from replacing the tax exclusion of employer-provided health insurance with a lump-sum tax credit. It differs from earlier studies in that ... look at the welfare cost of heal...

Liqun Liu; Andrew J. Rettenmaier…

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Social Welfare Policy and Services II (SSW 702) Special issues and Special Population (Nov. 2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy and Services I to a particular social welfare issue or population and by refining the analytic of the social work profession. SSW 702.11 POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SOCIAL WELFARE The Political Economy

Qiu, Weigang

152

Steam reforming utilizing high activity catalyst  

SciTech Connect

High activity, sulfur tolerant steam reforming catalysts are described comprising rhodium or nickel supported on lanthanum stabilized alumina or magnesium promoted lanthanum stabilized alumina. The catalysts have improved activity over conventionally used catalysts in the presence of sulfur containing hydrocarbon fuel (such as No. 2 fuel oil) in a steam reforming environment. The material has particular utility in autothermal, tubular, cyclic and adiabatic steam reforming processes.

Setzer, H. J.

1985-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

153

Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

154

Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of Humanitarian Aid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) provide a detailed discussion of how aid can effect economic growth through the production process. #121 Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of Humanitarian Aid Stephen M. Miller-6005 stephen.miller@unlv.edu Kyriakos C. Neanidis Economics Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research

Ahmad, Sajjad

155

CALL FOR PAPERS ON DYNAMICS OF HEALTH AND WELFARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! CALL FOR PAPERS ON DYNAMICS OF HEALTH AND WELFARE DEADLINE ­ January 2nd, 2015 Hygiea Internationalis is the official journal of the International Network for the History of Public Health efforts for the improvement of the health of populations from antiquity to modernity with particular

Zhao, Yuxiao

156

Hiring Reform Memoranda and Action Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0585 0585 October 7, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR HEADS OF ALL DEPARTMENTAL ELEMEI\lTS HUMAI\l RESOURCES DIRECTORS FROM: MICHAELC. KANE~~~ CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL ~ c· SUBJECT: IMPROVING DOE RECRUITMENT AND HIRING PROCESSES This is a follow-up to the Deputy Secretary's Memorandum dated October 6, 2010 where he communicated the need to implement the Action Plan developed to improve the recruitment and hiring processes throughout the Department. One of the central tenets of the President's reform efforts and the Department's Action Plan is management's commitment and attention to an efficient and effective hiring process that yields quality employees. This was clearly articulated in the President's Memorandum dated May 11, 2010 where he directed that management be held accountable through the performance evaluation system for their role

157

HYDROGEN GENERATION FROM PLASMATRON REFORMERS: A PROMISING TECHNOLOGY FOR NOX ADSORBER REGENERATION AND OTHER AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Plasmatron reformers are being developed at MIT and ArvinMeritor [1]. In these reformers a special low power electrical discharge is used to promote partial oxidation conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into hydrogen and CO. The partial oxidation reaction of this very fuel rich mixture is difficult to initiate. The plasmatron provides continuous enhanced volume initiation. To minimize electrode erosion and electrical power requirements, a low current, high voltage discharge with wide area electrodes is used. The reformers operate at or slightly above atmospheric pressure. Plasmatron reformers provide the advantages of rapid startup and transient response; efficient conversion of the fuel to hydrogen rich gas; compact size; relaxation or elimination of reformer catalyst requirements; and capability to process difficult to reform fuels, such as diesel and bio-oils. These advantages facilitate use of onboard hydrogen-generation technology for diesel exhaust after-treatment. Plasma-enhanced reformer technology can provide substantial conversion even without the use of a catalyst. Recent progress includes a substantial decrease in electrical power consumption (to about 200 W), increased flow rate (above 1 g/s of diesel fuel corresponding to approximately 40 kW of chemical energy), soot suppression and improvements in other operational features.. Plasmatron reformer technology has been evaluated for regeneration of NOx adsorber after-treatment systems. At ArvinMeritor tests were performed on a dual-leg NOx adsorber system using a Cummins 8.3L diesel engine both in a test cell and on a vehicle. A NOx adsorber system was tested using the plasmatron reformer as a regenerator and without the reformer i.e., with straight diesel fuel based regeneration as the baseline case. The plasmatron reformer was shown to improve NOx regeneration significantly compared to the baseline diesel case. The net result of these initial tests was a significant decrease in fuel penalty, roughly 50% at moderate adsorber temperatures. This fuel penalty improvement is accompanied by a dramatic drop in slipped hydrocarbon emissions, which decreased by 90% or more. Significant advantages are demonstrated across a wide range of engine conditions and temperatures. The study also indicated the potential to regenerate NOx adsorbers at low temperatures where diesel fuel based regeneration is not effective, such as those typical of idle conditions. Two vehicles, a bus and a light duty truck, have been equipped for plasmatron reformer NOx adsorber regeneration tests.

Bromberg, L.; Crane, S; Rabinovich, A.; Kong, Y; Cohn, D; Heywood, J; Alexeev, N.; Samokhin, A.

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

158

How Not to Reform Medicare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...private insurers would continue to compete primarily by trying to enroll the healthy and not the sick — a practice called risk selection. The result would be increased administrative costs, not improved quality. The elderly and disabled would face ever heavier financial burdens and larger risks as the... Medicare reform has become a hot political issue. The program is wildly popular but expensive. It is the principal source of projected increases in budget deficits. With deficits increasingly seen as a mortal economic threat, many believe that now is the ...

Aaron H.J.

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

159

Diesel Reforming for Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units  

SciTech Connect

This objective of this project was to develop technology suitable for onboard reforming of diesel. The approach was to examine catalytic partial oxidation and steam reforming.

Borup, R.; Parkinson, W. J.; Inbody, M.; Brosha, E.L.; Guidry, D.R.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

160

DOE Safety and Security Reform Meeting | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Safety and Security Reform Meeting DOE Safety and Security Reform Meeting Meeting Date: August 13, 2010 HSS senior managers with lead responsibilities in DOE's safety and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Hydrogen generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel exhaust aftertreatment Hydrogen generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel exhaust aftertreatment 2003 DEER...

162

Does Welfare Enable Family Expenditures on Human Capital? Evidence from China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Using the national China Household Income Project 2007 urban survey data and a propensity score matching method, this article investigates whether welfare receipt helped enable low-income families to spend more on human capital. We find that welfare recipient families prioritized spending in health and education relative to their non-recipient peers. Welfare particularly helped poor families afford medical care, medicine, tuition and fees for noncompulsory education, private tutoring for children, and purchasing of textbooks. We find some evidence that welfare helped recipient families pay for maintenance fees for their residence, but receiving welfare also deterred families from having leisure activities.

Qin Gao; Fuhua Zhai; Sui Yang; Shi Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Fuel cell integrated with steam reformer  

SciTech Connect

A H.sub.2 -air fuel cell integrated with a steam reformer is disclosed wherein a superheated water/methanol mixture is fed to a catalytic reformer to provide a continuous supply of hydrogen to the fuel cell, the gases exhausted from the anode of the fuel cell providing the thermal energy, via combustion, for superheating the water/methanol mixture.

Beshty, Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield, PA); Whelan, James A. (Bricktown, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Reformate Cleanup: The Case for Microchannel Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reformate Cleanup: The Case for Microchannel Architecture DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 2003 Annual for MicrochannelMicrochannel ArchitectureArchitecture DOE Hydrogen and Fuel CellsDOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 2003, controls Integrated reformer/fuel cell demonstration at ~2 kWeFY 2002 WGS/PROX catalyst studies

165

Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming Brian James Directed Technologies, Inc. 6 November 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Objective * Assess cost of H 2 from bio-derived liquids * Looking at forecourt scale systems: 100-1500kg/day * Emphasis on Ethanol * Looking at both "conventional" and "advanced" systems * Interaction with the Researchers is bi-directional * Researchers help me with catalysts, performance, configurations * I can assist Researchers with system studies, configurations, and system performance estimates * Output of my work will be: * System/Configuration Definition * Performance specification & optimization * Capital cost estimation

166

Steam Reforming on Transition-metal Carbides from Density-functional Theory  

SciTech Connect

A screening study of the steam reforming reaction on clean and oxygen covered early transition-metal carbides surfaces is performed by means of density-functional theory calculations. It is found that carbides provide a wide spectrum of reactivities, from too reactive via suitable to too inert. Several molybdenum-based systems are identified as possible steam reforming catalysts. The findings suggest that carbides provide a playground for reactivity tuning, comparable to the one for pure metals.

Vojvodic, Aleksandra

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Steam reforming of low-level mixed waste. Final report  

SciTech Connect

ThermoChem has successfully designed, fabricated and operated a nominal 90 pound per hour Process Development Unit (PDU) on various low-level mixed waste surrogates. The design, construction, and testing of the PDU as well as performance and economic projections for a 300-lb/hr demonstration and commercial system are described. The overall system offers an environmentally safe, non-incinerating, cost-effective, and publicly acceptable method of processing LLMW. The steam-reforming technology was ranked the No. 1 non-incineration technology for destruction of hazardous organic wastes in a study commissioned by the Mixed Waste Focus Area and published in April 1997. The ThermoChem steam-reforming system has been developed over the last 13 years culminating in this successful test campaign on LLMW surrogates. Six surrogates were successfully tested including a 750-hour test on material simulating a PCB- and Uranium-contaminated solid waste found at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The test results indicated essentially total (> 99.9999%) destruction of RCRA and TSCA hazardous halogenated organics, significant levels of volume reduction (> 400 to 1), and retention of radionuclides in the volume-reduced solids. Economic evaluations have shown the steam-reforming system to be very cost competitive with more conventional and other emerging technologies.

NONE

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Steam-Methane Reformer Kinetic Computer Model with Heat Transfer and Geometry Options  

SciTech Connect

A kinetic computer model of a steam/methane reformer has been developed as a design and analytical tool for a fuel cell system's fuel conditioner. This model has reaction, geometry, flow arrangement, and heat transfer options. Model predictions have been compared to previous experimental data, and close agreement was obtained. Initially, the Leva-type, packed-bed, heat transfer correlations were used. However, calculations based upon the reacting, reformer gases indicate a considerably higher heat transfer coefficient for this reforme design. Data analysis from similar designs in the literature also shows this phenomenon. This is thought to be reaction-induced effect, brought about by the changing of gas composition, the increased gas velocity, the lower catalyst temperature during reaction, and the higher thermal and reaction gradients involved in compact fuel cell reformer designs. Future experimental work is planned to verify the model's predictions further.

Murray, A.P.; Snyder, T.S.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

System for adding sulfur to a fuel cell stack system for improved fuel cell stability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for adding sulfur to a fuel cell stack, having a reformer adapted to reform a hydrocarbon fuel stream containing sulfur contaminants, thereby providing a reformate stream having sulfur; a sulfur trap fluidly coupled downstream of the reformer for removing sulfur from the reformate stream, thereby providing a desulfurized reformate stream; and a metering device in fluid communication with the reformate stream upstream of the sulfur trap and with the desulfurized reformate stream downstream of the sulfur trap. The metering device is adapted to bypass a portion of the reformate stream to mix with the desulfurized reformate stream, thereby producing a conditioned reformate stream having a predetermined sulfur concentration that gives an acceptable balance of minimal drop in initial power with the desired maximum stability of operation over prolonged periods for the fuel cell stack.

Mukerjee, Subhasish (Pittsford, NY); Haltiner, Jr., Karl J (Fairport, NY); Weissman, Jeffrey G. (West Henrietta, NY)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

170

September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform; UC Implements Latest Bargaining working conditions and reasonable pension reform. However, AFSCME has rejected UC's proposals. From the start, AFSCME leadership has objected to UC's responsible pension reform -- the kind of reform that

Leistikow, Bruce N.

171

AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA Jeffrey Sachs ABSTRACT: The paper reviews the experience of Poland and Russia with economic reform, with occasional comparison to China's experience. The author argues that macroeconomic chaos in Poland and Russia preceded reform and was allayed by reform

172

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

173

Steam reforming utilizing iron oxide catalyst  

SciTech Connect

High activity steam reforming iron oxide catalysts are described. Such catalysts can be unsupported utilizing at least 90% by weight iron oxide and various modifiers (Ai/sub 2/O/sub 3/, K/sub 2/O, CaO, SiO/sub 2/) or unmodified and supported on such things as alumina, CaO impregnated alumina, and lanthanum stabilized alumina. When used in steam reformers such as autothermal and tubular steam reformers, these catalysts demonstrate much improved resistance to carbon plugging.

Setzer, H. T.; Bett, J. A. S.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

Physician payments under health care reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines the impact of major health insurance reform on payments made in the health care sector. We study the prices of services paid to physicians in the privately insured market during the Massachusetts health care reform. The reform increased the number of insured individuals as well as introduced an online marketplace where insurers compete. We estimate that, over the reform period, physician payments increased at least 11 percentage points relative to control areas. Payment increases began around the time legislation passed the House and Senate—the period in which their was a high probability of the bill eventually becoming law. This result is consistent with fixed-duration payment contracts being negotiated in anticipation of future demand and competition.

Abe Dunn; Adam Hale Shapiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Multistage Steam Reformer Utilizing Solar Heat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today a large amount of the required hydrogen or synthesis gas (mixture of hydrogen and carbonmonoxide) is won by steam reforming of low hydrocarbons, especially methane. Hereby the mixture of hydrocarbons and...

W. Jäger; U. Leuchs; W. Siebert

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Improve reformer operation with trace sulfur removal  

SciTech Connect

Modern bimetallic reforming catalysts typically have feed specifications for sulfur of 0.5 to 1 wppm in the reformer naphtha carge. Sulfur in the raw naphtha is reduced to this level by naphtha hydrotreating. While most naphtha hydrotreating operations can usually obtain these levels without substantial problems. It is difficult to obtain levels much below 0.5 to 1 wppm with this process. Revamp of a constrained existing hydrotreater to reduce product sulfur slightly can be extremely costly typically entailing replacement or addition of a new reactor. At Engelhard the authors demonstrated that if the last traces of sulfur remaining from hydrotreating can be removed, the resulting ultra-low sulfur feed greatly improves the reformer operation and provides substantial economic benefit to the refiner. Removal of the remaining trace sulfur is accomplished in a simple manner with a special adsorbent bed, without adding complexity to the reforming operation.

McClung, R.G.; Novak, W.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Election 2008: The Partisan Divide — The McCain and Obama Plans for U.S. Health Care Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...payments based on outcomes. The hope is that Medicare payment reform would drive broader changes in the health care system. In addition, replacing the invisible, unlimited tax exclusion with a visible, limited tax credit could slow health care spending. Making employer premium payments taxable income would... In the face of escalating costs, uneven quality of care, and the growth of the uninsured population, there is broad agreement that the U.S. health care system requires reform. However, Democrats and Republicans remain sharply divided over how to reform it,...

Oberlander J.

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

178

Calculating concentration index with repetitive values of indicators of economic welfare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Repetitive values of the ranking indicators of economic welfare are often introduced due to incidental ties or censoring in the welfare variable, or the categorical nature of welfare variables used in numerous national surveys. In calculating concentration index (CI), assigning different fractional ranks to observations that have same values of the welfare measure leads to unstable and inconsistent CI estimates when the welfare variable is categorical or censored. In this paper, we establish an interval within which the CI estimates lie, and propose a solution, which is an extension of (Kakwani, N.C., Wagstaff, A., van Doorslaer, E., 1997. Socioeconomic inequalities in health: measurement, computation, and statistical inference. Journal of Econometrics 77, 87–103), for consistent and replicable estimates of CI when there are a substantial number of ties of the welfare indicator.

Zhuo Chen; Kakoli Roy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Reforming of fuel inside fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an improved method of reforming a gaseous reformable fuel within a solid oxide fuel cell generator, wherein the solid oxide fuel cell generator has a plurality of individual fuel cells in a refractory container, the fuel cells generating a partially spent fuel stream and a partially spent oxidant stream. The partially spent fuel stream is divided into two streams, spent fuel stream I and spent fuel stream II. Spent fuel stream I is burned with the partially spent oxidant stream inside the refractory container to produce an exhaust stream. The exhaust stream is divided into two streams, exhaust stream I and exhaust stream II, and exhaust stream I is vented. Exhaust stream II is mixed with spent fuel stream II to form a recycle stream. The recycle stream is mixed with the gaseous reformable fuel within the refractory container to form a fuel stream which is supplied to the fuel cells. Also disclosed is an improved apparatus which permits the reforming of a reformable gaseous fuel within such a solid oxide fuel cell generator. The apparatus comprises a mixing chamber within the refractory container, means for diverting a portion of the partially spent fuel stream to the mixing chamber, means for diverting a portion of exhaust gas to the mixing chamber where it is mixed with the portion of the partially spent fuel stream to form a recycle stream, means for injecting the reformable gaseous fuel into the recycle stream, and means for circulating the recycle stream back to the fuel cells.

Grimble, Ralph E. (Finleyville, PA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - animal welfare assurance Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Millan, lindseyjreich@gmail.com Related courses APBI 315: Animal Welfare and the Ethics of Animal Use (3rd year standing... ) *ANSC 550: Topics in ... Source: Collection:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Impacts of renewable fuel regulation and production on agriculture, energy, and welfare.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this dissertation is to study the impact of U.S. federal renewable fuel regulations on energy and agriculture commodity markets and welfare. We… (more)

Mcphail, Lihong Lu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - animal welfare recommendations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Euthanasia Using C02 Summary: Welfare (OLAW) (1) the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) has adopted the following... for euthanasia. Precharging euthanasia...

183

Impact of Agricultural Trade Liberalisation on the welfare of rural communities in Bangladesh .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this study was to analyse the impact of agricultural trade liberalisation on the welfare of rural households in Bangladesh. The study used… (more)

Talukder, Dayal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Demand for and Welfare Implications of Health Insurance, Theory of  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Understanding the demand for health insurance is challenging to economists because of the complexities associated with specifying the gain from its purchase. In this article, two theories are presented to explain why consumers purchase health insurance. The conventional theory holds that insurance is purchased because consumers prefer certain losses to uncertain ones of the same expected magnitude. The alternative theory holds insurance is purchased because consumers desire a transfer of income when ill. The two theories hold diametrically opposite views of the welfare implications of moral hazard, the additional health care that is consumed when one becomes insured.

J.A. Nyman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Low Cost Autothermal Diesel Reforming Catalyst Development  

SciTech Connect

Catalytic autothermal reforming (ATR) represents an important step of converting fossil fuel to hydrogen rich reformate for use in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks. The state-of-the-art reforming catalyst, at present, is a Rh based material which is effective but costly. The objective of our current research is to reduce the catalyst cost by finding an efficient ATR catalyst containing no rhodium. A group of perovskite based catalysts have been synthesized and evaluated under the reforming condition of a diesel surrogate fuel. Hydrogen yield, reforming efficiency, and conversion selectivity to carbon oxides of the catalyst ATR reaction are calculated and compared with the benchmark Rh based material. Several catalyst synthesis improvements were carried out including: 1) selectively doping metals on the A-site and B-site of the perovskite structure, 2) changing the support from perovskite to alumina, 3) altering the method of metal addition, and 4) using transition metals instead of noble metals. It was found that the catalytic activity changed little with modification of the A-site metal, while it displayed considerable dependence on the B-site metal. Perovskite supports performed much better than alumina based supports.

Shihadeh, J.; Liu, D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Improving gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine efficiency and emissions with hydrogen from exhaust gas fuel reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Exhaust gas fuel reforming has been identified as a thermochemical energy recovery technology with potential to improve gasoline engine efficiency, and thereby reduce CO2 in addition to other gaseous and particulate matter (PM) emissions. The principle relies on achieving energy recovery from the hot exhaust stream by endothermic catalytic reforming of gasoline and a fraction of the engine exhaust gas. The hydrogen-rich reformate has higher enthalpy than the gasoline fed to the reformer and is recirculated to the intake manifold, i.e. reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR). The REGR system was simulated by supplying hydrogen and carbon monoxide (CO) into a conventional EGR system. The hydrogen and CO concentrations in the REGR stream were selected to be achievable in practice at typical gasoline exhaust temperatures. Emphasis was placed on comparing REGR to the baseline gasoline engine, and also to conventional EGR. The results demonstrate the potential of REGR to simultaneously increase thermal efficiency, reduce gaseous emissions and decrease PM formation.

Daniel Fennell; Jose Herreros; Athanasios Tsolakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Grant Title: PUBLIC WELFARE FOUNDATION Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grant Title: PUBLIC WELFARE FOUNDATION Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency, and November 18 annually. Amount: Grants range from $1,000-500,000. Length of Support: Most grants cover-year grants. Eligible Applicants: The Public Welfare Foundation does not accept requests to fund scholarships

Farritor, Shane

188

Does it Pay to Move from Welfare to Work? Sheldon Danziger*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Does it Pay to Move From Welfare to Work? Abstract The 1996 Personal Responsibility and WorkDoes it Pay to Move from Welfare to Work? Sheldon Danziger* Colleen M. Heflin Mary E. Corcoran of Social Work and Public Policy and Director of the Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health

Shyy, Wei

189

An attempt to minimize the temperature gradient along a plug-flow methane/steam reforming reactor by adopting locally controlled heating zones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plug flow reactors are very common in the chemical process industry, including methane/steam reforming applications. Their operation presents many challenges, such as a strong dependence of temperature and composition distribution on the inlet conditions. The strongly endothermic methane/steam reforming reaction might result in a temperature drop at the inlet of the reactor and consequently the occurrence of large temperature gradients. The strongly non-uniform temperature distribution due to endothermic chemical reaction can have tremendous consequences on the operation of the reactor, such as catalyst degradation, undesired side reactions and thermal stresses. To avoid such unfavorable conditions, thermal management of the reactor becomes an important issue. To carry out thermal management properly, detailed modeling and corresponding numerical analyses of the phenomena occurring inside the reforming system is required. This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the methane/steam reforming process inside a plug-flow reactor. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In this study the kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam- to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict gas composition and temperature distribution along the steam-reforming reactor. Finally, an attempt was made to control the temperature distribution by adopting locally controlled heating zones.

M Mozdzierz; G Brus; A Sciazko; Y Komatsu; S Kimijima; J S Szmyd

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Simulation of Steam Reformers for Methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A model is developed for industrial steam reformers for both top fired and side fired furnaces. The catalyst tube model is a one-dimensional heterogeneous model with intra-particle diffusional resistances. The two point boundary value differential equations of the catalyst pellets are solved using a modified novel orthogonal collocation technique to obtain the effectiveness factor variation along the length of the reactor. The side fired furnace equations are algebraic equations, the top fired furnace equations are two-point boundary value differential equations which are solved using the orthogonal collocation technique. A recently developed more general rate expression is used. The model performance is checked against industrial steam reformers. The model is used to investigate the effect of various parameters on the behaviour of the catalyst tubes and the furnace. The effectiveness factor variation along the length of the catalyst tube is also analysed. Keywords: Steam Reforming, Reactor modeling, Digital Simulation, effectiveness factor

M.A. Soliman; S.S.E.H. El-Nashaie; A.S. Al-Ubaid; A. Adris

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTRURELECT/Resources/full_doc.pdf Cost: Free Language: English The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Screenshot References: The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits[1] This report reviews recent methodological advances made in measuring the

192

Thermal chemical recuperation method and system for use with gas turbine systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for efficiently generating power using a gas turbine, a steam generating system and a reformer. The gas turbine receives a reformed fuel stream and an air stream and produces shaft power and exhaust. Some of the thermal energy from the turbine exhaust is received by the reformer. The turbine exhaust is then directed to the steam generator system that recovers thermal energy from it and also produces a steam flow from a water stream. The steam flow and a fuel stream are directed to the reformer that reforms the fuel stream and produces the reformed fuel stream used in the gas turbine. 2 figs.

Yang, W.C.; Newby, R.A.; Bannister, R.L.

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

193

On-Board Ammonia Generation Using Delphi Diesel Fuel Reformer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel LNT (Generates Ammonia) Exhaust Selective Catalytic DPF Valve Reduction Catalyst (SCR) 2 DEER 2007 Bypass V2 LNT V1 Reformer SCR Bypass V2 LNT V1 SCR Reformer * NOx storage...

194

Does health reform affect self-employment? Evidence from Massachusetts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates whether the implementation of the 2006 Massachusetts health reform law affected the decision of taxpayers to ... Though tenuous, our results suggest that the reform led to a decline in the ra...

Bradley T. Heim; Ithai Z. Lurie

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN CHILE, POWER EXCHANGE MODEL. THE SOLUTION?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN CHILE, POWER EXCHANGE MODEL. THE SOLUTION? David Watts Paulo Atienza to participate. Chile was the pioneer introducing this kind of reforms, through the application of a centralized

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

197

MORE HEALTH CARE REFORM By Victor R. Fuchs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MORE HEALTH CARE REFORM By Victor R. Fuchs #12;2 | MORE HEALTH CARE REFORM The Robert Wood Johnson?................................................................................... 8 Government Payment for Health Care -- Causes and Consequences....................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Health Care Is Different -- That's Why Expenditures Matter

Zalta, Edward N.

198

Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

199

SECTORAL EFFECTS OF TAX REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SECTORAL EFFECTS OF TAX REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY Olivier CARDI Romain RESTOUT December, 2010 REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY Olivier CARDI Universit´e Panth´eon-Assas ERMES Ecole Polytechnique Romain with traded and non traded goods to in- vestigate the sectoral effects of three tax reforms: i) two revenue

Boyer, Edmond

200

the triple aim MEETING THE GOAL OF HEALTH REFORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the triple aim MEETING THE GOAL OF HEALTH REFORM Produced by OHSU Strategic Communications -- emphasizing shared decision-making and coordination between providers -- could influence reform in a big way care. health reform is about getting better health outcomes for our communities, improving access

Chapman, Michael S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

WHEN DOES FINANCIAL SECTOR (IN)STABILITY INDUCE FINANCIAL REFORMS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHEN DOES FINANCIAL SECTOR (IN)STABILITY INDUCE FINANCIAL REFORMS? Susie LEE Ingmar SCHUMACHER (in)stability induce financial reforms? Susie Lee1 Ingmar Schumacher2 October 26, 2011 Abstract The article studies whether financial sector (in)stability had an effect on reforms in the fi- nancial sector

Boyer, Edmond

202

health reform mattersTM alert ATTORNEY ADVERTISINGropesgray.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

health reform mattersTM alert ATTORNEY ADVERTISINGropesgray.com On March 23, President Obama signed is tracking the myriad other developments of the new health reform law. You can find a wide range of related material, including enacting language, implementing documents, and analysis through the Health Reform

Chapman, Michael S.

203

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation September 2012 1 Ofqual: A Level Reform Consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust September 2012 Key Points National Subject to university. We are therefore pleased to respond to this consultation on reforming A levels. Our comments

Rambaut, Andrew

204

Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mail:skoge@chemeng.ntnu.no) #12;Abstract The naphtha reforming process converts low-octane gasoline blending compo- nents to high cases. #12;1 Introduction The naphtha reforming process converts low-octane gasoline blending compo-octane components for use in high-performance gasoline fuels. The reformer also has an important function

Skogestad, Sigurd

205

Land Reform and Exclusion of Poor Jagat Basnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of effective land management, land administration and all land reform processes interrelated, by land reform, it is widely understood to be a process of confiscating someone's land and award or with the land reform because of historical reasons of a power nexus. 6.2 The Historical Process of Land

Richner, Heinz

206

Experimental and computational investigations of sulfur-resistant bimetallic catalysts for reforming of biomass gasification products  

SciTech Connect

A combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and experimental studies of supported catalysts was used to identify H{sub 2}S-resistant biomass gasification product reforming catalysts. DFT calculations were used to search for bimetallic, nickel-based (1 1 1) surfaces with lower sulfur adsorption energies and enhanced ethylene adsorption energies. These metrics were used as predictors for H{sub 2}S resistance and activity toward steam reforming of ethylene, respectively. Relative to Ni, DFT studies found that the Ni/Sn surface alloy exhibited enhanced sulfur resistance and the Ni/Ru system exhibited an improved ethylene binding energy with a small increase in sulfur binding energy. A series of supported bimetallic nickel catalysts was prepared and screened under model ethylene reforming conditions and simulated biomass tar reforming conditions. The observed experimental trends in activity were consistent with theoretical predictions, with observed reforming activities in the order Ni/Ru > Ni > Ni/Sn. Interestingly, Ni/Ru showed a high level of resistance to sulfur poisoning compared with Ni. This sulfur resistance can be partly explained by trends in sulfur versus ethylene binding energy at different types of sites across the bimetallic surface.

Rangan, Meghana; Yung, Matthew M.; Medlin, J. William (NREL); (Colorado)

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Comparison of several glycerol reforming methods for hydrogen and syngas production using Gibbs energy minimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper focuses on the comparison of different glycerol reforming technologies aimed to hydrogen and syngas production. The reactions of steam reforming, partial oxidation, autothermal reforming, dry reforming and supercritical water gasification were analyzed. For this, the Gibbs energy minimization approach was used in combination with the virial equation of state. The validation of the model was made between the simulations of the proposed model and both, simulated and experimental data obtained in the literature. The effects of modifications in the operational temperature, operational pressure and reactants composition were analyzed with regard to composition of the products. The effect of coke formation was discussed too. Generally, higher temperatures and lower pressures resulted in higher hydrogen and syngas production. All reforming technologies demonstrated to be feasible for use in hydrogen or synthesis gas production in respect of the products composition. The proposed model showed good predictive ability and low computational time (close to 1 s) to perform the calculation of the combined chemical and phase equilibrium for all systems analyzed.

Antonio C.D. Freitas; Reginaldo Guirardello

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Distributed Reforming of Renewable Liquids via Water Splitting using Oxygen Transport Membrane (OTM) (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reforming of Renewable Reforming of Renewable Liquids via Water Splitting using Oxygen Transport Membrane (OTM) * U. (Balu) Balachandran, T. H. Lee, C. Y. Park, and S. E. Dorris Energy Systems Division E-mail: balu@anl.gov * Work supported by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program of DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Presented at the Bio-derived Liquids Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting, Nov. 6, 2007. BILIWG Meeting, Nov. 6, 2007 2 Objective & Rationale Objective: Develop compact dense ceramic membrane reactors that enable the efficient and cost-effective production of hydrogen by reforming renewable liquid fuels using pure oxygen produced by water splitting and transported by an OTM. Rationale: Membrane technology provides the means to attack barriers to the

209

IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program May 3, 2011 - 11:59am Addthis Michael W. Locatis, CIO, Department of Energy, reviews report on Identity Management Program Michael W. Locatis, CIO, Department of Energy, reviews report on Identity Management Program Bob Brese Chief Information Officer (Acting) In an effort to improve the performance of one of the Department of Energy's (DOE) major IT investments, an agency TechStat review was recently held. The session focused on the Identity, Credential, and Access Management (ICAM) Program, a holistic approach for department-wide initiatives that support access to Federal IT systems and facilities. Fifteen DOE staff participated in the review, including program office

210

Hydrogen Production From Crude Bio-oil and Biomass Char by Electrochemical Catalytic Reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We reports an efficient approach for production of hydrogen from crude bio-oil and biomass char in the dual fixed-bed system by using the electrochemical catalytic reforming method. The maximal absolute hydrogen yield reached 110.9 g H2/kg dry biomass. The product gas was a mixed gas containing 72%H2, 26%CO2, 1.9%CO, and a trace amount of CH4. It was observed that adding biomass char (a by-product of pyrolysis of biomass) could remarkably increase the absolute H2 yield (about 20%-50%). The higher reforming temperature could enhance the steam reforming reaction of organic compounds in crude bio-oil and the reaction of CO and H2O. In addition, the CuZn-Al2O3 catalyst in the water-gas shift bed could also increase the absolute H2 yield via shifting CO to CO2.

Xing-long Li; Shen Ning; Li-xia Yuan; Quan-xin Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Implementing health care reform in the United States: Intergovernmental politics and the dilemmas of institutional design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted, and continues to operate, under conditions of political polarization. In this article, we argue that the law's intergovernmental structure has amplified political conflict over its implementation by distributing governing authority to political actors at both levels of the American federal system. We review the ways in which the law's demands for institutional coordination between federal and state governments (and especially the role it preserves for governors and state legislatures) have created difficulties for rolling out health-insurance exchanges and expanding the Medicaid program. By way of contrast, we show how the institutional design of the ACA's regulatory reforms of the insurance market, which diminish the reform's political salience, has allowed for considerably less friction during the implementation process. This article thus highlights the implications of multi-level institutional designs for the post-enactment politics of major reforms.

Daniel Béland; Philip Rocco; Alex Waddan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program IT Reform: Energy TechStat Examines Identity Program May 3, 2011 - 11:59am Addthis Michael W. Locatis, CIO, Department of Energy, reviews report on Identity Management Program Michael W. Locatis, CIO, Department of Energy, reviews report on Identity Management Program Bob Brese Chief Information Officer (Acting) In an effort to improve the performance of one of the Department of Energy's (DOE) major IT investments, an agency TechStat review was recently held. The session focused on the Identity, Credential, and Access Management (ICAM) Program, a holistic approach for department-wide initiatives that support access to Federal IT systems and facilities. Fifteen DOE staff participated in the review, including program office

213

Part of the yellow dog: US coal miners' opposition to the company doctor system, 1936-1946  

SciTech Connect

By the mid-1930s, US coal miners could no longer tolerate company doctors. They objected to the misuse of preemployment and periodic medical examinations and to many other facets of employer-controlled health benefit plans. The rank-and-file movement for reform received critical assistance from the Bureau of Cooperative Medicine, which conducted an extensive investigation of health services in 157 Appalachian communities. This study not only substantiated the workers' indictment of prevailing conditions but illuminated new deficiencies in the quality and availability of hospital and medical care as well. The miners' union curtailed the undemocratic, exploitative system of company doctors and proprietary hospitals by establishing the United Mine Workers of America Welfare and Retirement Fund in 1946.

Derickson, A. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Alternative technologies to steam-methane reforming  

SciTech Connect

Steam-methane reforming (SMR) has been the conventional route for hydrogen and carbon monoxide production from natural gas feedstocks. However, several alternative technologies are currently finding favor for an increasing number of applications. The competing technologies include: steam-methane reforming combined with oxygen secondary reforming (SMR/O2R); autothermal reforming (ATR); thermal partial oxidation (POX). Each of these alternative technologies uses oxygen as a feedstock. Accordingly, if low-cost oxygen is available, they can be an attractive alternate to SMR with natural gas feedstocks. These technologies are composed technically and economically. The following conclusions can be drawn: (1) the SMR/O2R, ATR and POX technologies can be attractive if low-cost oxygen is available; (2) for competing technologies, the H{sub 2}/CO product ratio is typically the most important process parameter; (3) for low methane slip, the SMR/O2R, ATR and POX technologies are favored; (4) for full CO{sub 2} recycle, POX is usually better than ATR; (5) relative to POX, the ATR is a nonlicensed technology that avoids third-party involvement; (6) economics of each technology are dependent on the conditions and requirements for each project and must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

Tindall, B.M.; Crews, M.A. [Howe-Baker Engineers, Inc., Tyler, TX (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Carbon deposition in steam reforming and methanation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review is to survey recent studies of carbon deposition on metals used as catalysts in steam reforming and methanation, emphasizing research where significant progress has been made. Where possible, an attempt is made to treat the fundamental nature of carbon formation and deactivation by carbon and the relationships between these two phenomena. Steam reforming and methanation are emphasized in this review because (1) deactivation of catalysts by carbon deposits is a serious concern in both processes, (2) much of the previous research with carbon formation on metals involved one or the other of these two reactions, and (3) there are interesting differences and similarities between these two reactions; for example, methanation is typically carried out at moderate reaction temperatures (200-450/sup 0/C) while steam reforming is typically carried out at significantly higher reaction temperatures (600-900/sup 0/C). Yet the two reactions are very closely related, since methane steam reforming is the reverse of methanation of CO. Moreover, there is evidence that some of the carbons formed in these two different processes are similar in their morphology.

Bartholomew, C.H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Low severity hydrocarbon steam reforming process  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing ammonia which comprises: (a) primary catalytically reforming at super atmospheric pressure in a direct-fired primary reforming zone, a hydrocarbon feedstock with steam to produce a gas containing carbon oxides, hydrogen and methane; (b) secondary catalytically reforming the gas from step (a) by introducing air and bringing the mixture towards equilibrium thereby producing a secondary reformer effluent gas containing nitrogen, carbon oxides, hydrogen and a decreased quantity of methane; (c) converting carbon monoxide catalytically with steam to carbon dioxide and hydrogen; (d) removing carbon oxides to give an ammonia synthesis gas comprising nitrogen and hydrogen and compressing the gas to ammonia synthesis pressure; (e) reacting the synthesis gas in an ammonia synthesis zone to produce ammonia and recovering ammonia from the reacted gas to produce an ammonia-depleted gas stream; (f) recycling at least a portion of the ammonia-depleted gas stream to the ammonia synthesis zone; and (g) treating a sidestream of the ammonia-depleted gas to separate a stream enriched in hydrogen and an inerts-enriched gas stream, and returning the enriched hydrogen stream to the ammonia synthesis zone.

Osman, R.M.; Byington, R.G.

1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

217

Affordable Care Act & Medicaid Reform in Wisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affordable Care Act & Medicaid Reform in Wisconsin Enrollment Trends Chartpack 2013-2014 ACA Open,731 Wisconsinites Living in Poverty Access Health Care Through Medicaid," Press Release, May 19, 2014. http://walker.wi.gov/newsroom/press-release/81731-wisconsinites-living-poverty-access-health-care-through- Medicaid Medicaid & CHIP: April 2014

Sheridan, Jennifer

218

System for adding sulfur to a fuel cell stack system for improved fuel cell stability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for adding sulfur to a reformate stream feeding a fuel cell stack, having a sulfur source for providing sulfur to the reformate stream and a metering device in fluid connection with the sulfur source and the reformate stream. The metering device injects sulfur from the sulfur source to the reformate stream at a predetermined rate, thereby providing a conditioned reformate stream to the fuel cell stack. The system provides a conditioned reformate stream having a predetermined sulfur concentration that gives an acceptable balance of minimal drop in initial power with the desired maximum stability of operation over prolonged periods for the fuel cell stack.

Mukerjee, Subhasish; Haltiner, Jr., Karl J; Weissman, Jeffrey G

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Agenda for Tuesday, November 6, 2007 Location: BCS Incorporated, 8929 Stephens Road, Laurel, MD. 20723 410-997-7778 8:30 - 9:00 Continental Breakfast 9:00 DOE Targets, Tools and Technology o Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets DOE, Arlene Anderson o H2A Overview, NREL, Darlene Steward o Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Cost Analysis DTI, Brian James 10:00 Research Review o Low-Cost Hydrogen Distributed Production Systems, H2Gen, Sandy Thomas o Integrated Short Contact Time Hydrogen Generator, GE Global Research, Wei Wei o Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming, NREL, Darlene Steward o High Pressure Steam Ethanol Reforming, ANL, Romesh Kumar

220

Income distribution effects of the Swedish 1991 tax reform: An analysis of a microsimulation using generalized Kakwani decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1991 a major tax reform was implemented in Sweden. This study compares the income equalization (income redistribution), vertical and horizontal equity properties of the pre- and post-reform tax and transfer systems. The method used is a decomposition, first proposed by Kakwani (1984), of the difference between the generalized Gini coefficients of the pre- and post-tax/transfer income distributions. The post-reform income distribution was obtained through a microsimulation carried out by the Ministry of Finance. Several findings on the income distribution effect of the 1991 tax and benefit reform emerge from the study. The overall methodological conclusion is that much more information was gained when different generalizations of the decomposition were considered.

Mårten Palme

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Evaluation of the economic and environmental impact of combining dry reforming with steam reforming of methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lately, there has been considerable interest in the development of more efficient processes to generate syngas, an intermediate in the production of fuels and chemicals, including methanol, dimethyl ether, ethylene, propylene and Fischer–Tropsch fuels. Steam methane reforming (SMR) is the most widely applied method of producing syngas from natural gas. Dry reforming of methane (DRM) is a process that uses waste carbon dioxide to produce syngas from natural gas. Dry reforming alone has not yet been implemented commercially; however, a combination of steam methane reforming and dry reforming of methane (SMR + DRM) has been used in industry for several years. The aim of this work was to simulate both the SMR and SMR + DRM processes and to conduct an economic and environmental analysis to determine whether the SMR + DRM process is competitive with the more popular SMR process. The results indicate that the SMR + DRM process has a lower carbon footprint. Further research on DRM catalysts could make this process economically competitive with steam methane reforming.

Preeti Gangadharan; Krishna C. Kanchi; Helen H. Lou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Reforming Targets Arlene F. Anderson Technology Development Manager, U.S. DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group and Hydrogen Production Technical Team Review November 6, 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) The Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), launched in October 2006, provides a forum for effective communication and collaboration among participants in DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program (HFCIT) cost-shared research directed at distributed bio-liquid reforming. The Working Group includes

223

March 16, 2010, Safety and Security Reform Roundtable - Agenda  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety and Security Reform Roundtable Safety and Security Reform Roundtable Forrestal Building, Washington, DC March 16 th , 2010 1:00 PM (EST) AGENDA * Introduction of Union Leaders Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer * Welcome/Introductory Remarks on Reform Goals Dan Poneman, Deputy Secretary * Reform Status and Approach - Oversight, Directives, Mission Support Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer * Discussion Forum - Union Feedback - Feedback on oversight reform initiatives - Priority safety issues - Experience in collaborative focus group efforts - Recommendations for a path forward * Operating Organization Perspectives 1. Tom D'Agostino Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration 2. Steven Koonin Under Secretary for Science

224

Thermodynamic investigation and environment impact assessment of hydrogen production from steam reforming of poultry tallow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this research, various assessment tools are applied to comprehensively investigate hydrogen production from steam reforming of poultry tallow (PT). These tools investigate the chemical reactions, design and simulate the entire hydrogen production process, study the energetic performance and perform an environment impact assessment using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. The chemical reaction investigation identifies thermodynamically optimal operating conditions at which PT may be converted to hydrogen via the steam reforming process. The synthesis gas composition was determined by simulations to minimize the Gibbs free energy using the Aspen Plus™ 10.2 software. These optimal conditions are, subsequently, used in the design and simulation of the entire PT-to-hydrogen process. LCA is applied to evaluate the environmental impacts of PT-to-hydrogen system. The system boundaries include rendering and reforming along with the required transportation process. The reforming inventories data are derived from process simulation in Aspen Plus™, whereas the rendering data are adapted from a literature review. The life cycle inventories data of PT-to-hydrogen are computationally implemented into SimaPro 7.3. A set of seven relevant environmental impact categories are evaluated: global warming, abiotic depletion, acidification, eutrophication, ozone layer depletion, photochemical oxidant formation, and cumulative non-renewable fossil and nuclear energy demand. The results are subject to a systematic sensitivity analysis and compared to those calculated for hydrogen production from conventional steam methane reforming. The LCA results indicate that the thermal energy production process is the main contributor to the selected environmental impact categories. Improvement actions to minimize the reforming thermal energy and the transport distance are strongly recommended as they would lead to relevant environmental improvements.

Noureddine Hajjaji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

THE NUMERICAL APPROXIMATION FOR THE INTEGRABILITY PROBLEM AND THE MEASURE OF WELFARE CHANGES, AND ITS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation mainly studied on numerical approximation methods as a solution of the integrability problem and the measure of welfare changes, and demonstrated how numerical algorithms can be applied in empirical studies ...

Lim, Sung Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - animal welfare standards Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

,000,000 in funding 12;Overseeing of animal welfare at the U of A REO-Research Ethics Office (http... :www.uofaweb. ualberta.caorca) - Human Research Protection Program...

227

Better Lucky Than Rich? Welfare Analysis of Automobile License Allocations in Beijing and Shanghai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Better Lucky Than Rich? Welfare Analysis of Automobile License Allocations in Beijing and Shanghai externalities from automobile use than a uniform price auction, the advantage is offset by the significant automobile sales in China grew from 2.4 millio

Schweik, Charles M.

228

The welfare costs of hybrid carbon policies in the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To what extent do the welfare costs associated with the implementation of the Burden Sharing Agreement in the European Union depend on sectoral allocation of emissions rights? What are the prospects for strategic climate ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Viguier, Laurent L.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Criqui, Patrick.

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter animal welfare Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

andor device that may be expected to be injurious to its health or welfare. 5. Care... or stress to the animals or could alter the integrity of ... Source: Baker, Chris I....

230

Income inequality, welfare and poverty in a developing economy with applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country's economic development. the analysis is based on Kuznet's model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Income Inequality, Welfare and Poverty in a Developing Economy with Applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country’s economic development. The analysis is based on Kuznet’s model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Simulation of steam reformers for methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model is developed for industrial steam reformers for both top fired and side fired furnaces. The catalyst tube model is a one-dimensional heterogeneous model with intra-particle diffusional resistances. The two point boundary value differential equations of the catalyst pellets are solved using a modified novel orthogonal collocation technique to obtain the effectiveness factor variation along the length of the reactor. The side fired furnace equations are algebraic equations, the top fired furnace equations are two-point boundary value differential equations which are solved using the orthogonal collocation technique. A recently developed more general rate expression is used. The model performance is checked against industrial steam reformers. The model is used to investigate the effect of various parameters on the behaviour of the catalyst tubes and the furnace. The effectiveness factor variation along the length of the catalyst tube is also analysed.

M.A. Soliman; S.S.E.H. El-Nashaie; A.S. Al-Ubaid; A. Adris

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The Cost Implications of Health Care Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...health insurance coverage. But there is concern about its implications for health care costs. These concerns have been heightened by a recent report from the actuary at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), which shows that health care reform will cause an expansion of national health... Jonathan Gruber argues that by the second decade, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will have reduced national health care spending.

Gruber J.

2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

234

Reform towards National Health Insurance in Malaysia: The equity implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective This paper assesses the potential equity impact of Malaysia's projected reform of its current tax financed system towards National Health Insurance (NHI). Methods The Kakwani's progressivity index was used to assess the equity consequences of the new NHI system (with flat rate NHI scheme) compared to the current tax financed system. It was also used to model a proposed system (with a progressive NHI scheme) that can generate the same amount of funding more equitably. Results The new NHI system would be less equitable than the current tax financed system, as evident from the reduction of Kakwani's index to 0.168 from 0.217. The new flat rate NHI scheme, if implemented, would reduce the progressivity of the health finance system because it is a less progressive finance source than that of general government revenue. We proposed a system with a progressive NHI scheme that generates the same amount of funding whilst preserving the equity at the Kakwani's progressivity index of 0.213. Conclusions A NHI system with a progressive NHI scheme is proposed to be implemented to raise health funding whilst preserving the equity in health care financing.

Chai Ping Yu; David K. Whynes; Tracey H. Sach

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Methods of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the technology "Methods of Reforming Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Hexaaluminate Catalysts." The technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview This invention discloses a method to reform hydrocarbon fuels using hexa- aluminate catalysts. In general, the method successfully disrupts the forma- tion of carbon that leads to the deactivation of the catalyst, a key element in the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. When researchers are designing catalysts to reform hydrocarbon fuels, one

236

Structural and regulatory reform in Turkey: Lessons form public utilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Turkey is one of the countries that recently initiated regulatory reform in public utilities. Although Turkey tried to introduce competition to many industries through a liberalization movement that started in the 1980s, utilities remained as monopolies until the early 2000s. In the beginning of the 2000s, reforms restructured the utilities through deregulation and competition policies and established independent regulatory agencies. Whereas the reforms have been successful in some aspects, they remain insufficient in others. This paper anecdotally investigates the effects of (de)regulation on selected public utility industries and analyzes the pros and cons of the reform process. Also, it presents a comparative analysis to better understand the current institutional and governmental issues in the reform process. The findings suggest that the recently changing stance of government towards the (de)regulatory process could thwart the success of reform.

Tamer Çetin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Solar Steam Reforming of Methane (SSRM) Program Proposals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the intended development work to supply solar HT process heat to industrial processes, especially chemical processes, the steam reforming process is considered suitable in particular.

A. Kalt

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Review of Trajectories of Chemistry Education Innovation and Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Review of Trajectories of Chemistry Education Innovation and Reform ... Trajectories of Chemistry Education Innovation and Reform began as a symposium at an American Chemical Society (ACS) meeting, honoring the efforts of Susan Hixon on the occasion of her retirement from the position of program officer in the Division of Undergraduate Education at the National Science Foundation (NSF). ... In addition to providing the reader with an overview of the history of chemical education as a research field, this book summarizes reform efforts in areas of curriculum design, pedagogical tools, and institutional reform. ...

Brittland K. DeKorver

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

239

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Arlene Anderson at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

240

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Assuring Equity Through Health and Health Care Reform Conference Registration Information (Type or Print)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assuring Equity Through Health and Health Care Reform Conference Registration Information (Type Care Structural Reform: What's Happening in Albany and Washington? Changing the Social Determinants of Health Reform in the Pharmaceutical Industry Sustaining Community Health Workers Comparative

Brown, Lucy L.

242

Aligning modes of organization with technology: Critical transactions in the reform of infrastructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aligning modes of organization with technology: Critical transactions in the reform of their reform. Since infrastructures are characterized by strong technical complementarities, we explore the alignment between organization and technology and should be taken explicitly into account when reforming

Boyer, Edmond

243

Edinburgh Research Explorer Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edinburgh Research Explorer Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon Countries, Vickerstaff, S & Loretto, W 2012, 'Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon Countries: Re University Press. Lain, D., Vickerstaff, S. & Loretto, W. 2012, "Reforming State Pension provision

Millar, Andrew J.

244

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have

Birmingham, University of

245

Experimental Research on Low-Temperature Methane Steam Reforming Technology in a Chemically Recuperated Gas Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the operating parameters of a chemically recuperated gas turbine (CRGT), the low-temperature methane steam reforming test bench is designed and built; systematic experimental studies about fuel steam reforming are conducted. Four different reforming ...

Qian Liu; Hongtao Zheng

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

246

Autothermal Reforming of Renewable Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The conversion of biomass into energy and chemicals is a major research and technology challenge of this century, comparable to petroleum processing in the last century. Recently we have successfully transformed both volatile liquids and nonvolatile liquids and solids into syngas with no carbon formation in autothermal catalytic reactors with residence times of ~10 milliseconds. In the proposed research program we explore the mechanisms of these processes and their extensions to other biomass sources and applications by examining different feeds, catalysts, flow conditions, and steam addition to maximize production of either syngas or chemicals. We will systematically study the catalytic partial oxidation in millisecond autothermal reactors of solid biomass and the liquid products formed by pyrolysis of solid biomass. We will examine alcohols, polyols, esters, solid carbohydrates, and lignocellulose to try to maximize formation of either hydrogen and syngas or olefins and oxygenated chemicals. We will explore molecules and mixtures of practical interest as well as surrogate molecules that contain the functional groups of biofuels but are simpler to analyze and interpret. We will examine spatial profiles within the catalyst and transient and periodic operation of these reactors at pressures up to 10 atm to obtain data from which to explore more detailed mechanistic models and optimize performance to produce a specific desired product. New experiments will examine the conversion of syngas into biofuels such as methanol and dimethyl ether to explore the entire process of producing biofuels from biomass in small distributed systems. Experiments and modeling will be integrated to probe and understand detailed reaction kinetics and the processes by which solid biomass particles are transformed into syngas and chemicals by reactive flash volatilization.

Schmidt, Lanny D

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - act contracting reform Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US Pricing Basics and What to Expect from Healthcare Reform By Jack Mycka... health care reform and pricing 12;3 MME LLC 2010 Applied Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes...

248

Applicability of the Oregon-based Public and Private Child Welfare Models to Ukraine: A Case Study of the Training Seminars for Ukrainian Officials and Child Welfare Professionals ; Case Study of the Training Seminars for Ukrainian Officials and Child Welfare Professionals .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study assesses the implementation of Oregon-based child welfare models in Ukraine in the context of the Family For Children (FCP) curriculum. Both trainees' and… (more)

Bogolyubova, Yelena

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Effects of Current upon Electrochemical Catalytic Reforming of Anisole  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reforming of anisole (as model compound of bio-oil) was performed over the NiCuZn-Al2O3 catalyst, using a recently-developed electrochemical catalytic reforming (ECR). The influence of the current on the anisole reforming in the ECR process has been investigated. It was observed that anisole reforming was significantly enhanced by the current approached over the catalyst in the electrochemical catalytic process, which was due to the non-uniform temperature distribution in the catalytic bed and the role of the thermal electrons originating from the electrified wire. The maximum hydrogen yield of 88.7% with a carbon conversion of 98.3% was obtained through the ECR reforming of anisole at 700°C and 4 A. X-ray diffraction was employed to characterize catalyst features and their alterations in the anisole reforming. The apparent activation energy for the anisole reforming is calculated as 99.54 kJ/mol, which is higher than ethanol, acetic acid, and light fraction of bio-oil. It should owe to different physical and chemical properties and reforming mechanism for different hydrocarbons.

Jia-xing Xiong; Tao Kan; Xing-long Li; Tong-qi Ye; Quan-xin Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

ISSN 1745-9648 Potential Impact of Electricity Reforms on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Potential Impact of Electricity Reforms on Turkish Households by Necmiddin Finance, Hacettepe University & Catherine Waddams Price ESRC Centre for Competition Policy and Norwich the potential effect of electricity reform on different households, using a series of potential scenarios

Feigon, Brooke

251

Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mail:skoge@chemeng.ntnu.no) #12;Abstract The naphtha reforming process converts low-octane gasoline blending compo- nents to high process converts low-octane gasoline blending compo- nents to high-octane components for use in high-octane components for use in high-performance gasoline fuels. The reformer also has a important function

Skogestad, Sigurd

252

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Sector Reform in Greece  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Sector Reform in Greece by Ekaterini Iliadou Lawyer - Legal Department of the electricity market reform in Greece which started in 2001 and is still developing slowly. This is related to the persisting dominance of the incumbent company and the specificities of the electricity sector of Greece

Feigon, Brooke

253

University of Glasgow -1-Reform of Peer Review: Response to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Glasgow -1- Reform of Peer Review: Response to Consultation Introduction & Summary The University of Glasgow welcomes the opportunity to comment on these proposals for the reform of peer review and the introduction of processes to scrutinise the economic impact of research within the peer review process and we

Glasgow, University of

254

Steam reforming utilizing sulfur tolerant catalyst  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a steam reforming process for converting hydrocarbon material to hydrogen gas in the presence of sulfur which consists of: adding steam to the hydrocarbon material and passing the steam and hydrocarbon material over catalyst material at elevated temperatures. The improvement comprises utilizing as a catalyst material high activity, sulfur tolerant catalyst of platinum supported on lanthanum stabilized alumina or magnesium promoted lanthanum stabilized alumina. It also describes a steam process for converting hydrocarbon material to hydrogen gas in the presence of sulfur which consists of steam to the hydrocarbon material over catalyst material at elevated temperatures. The improvement comprises utilizing as a catalyst material high activity, sulfur tolerant catalysts consisting essentially of iridium supported on lanthanum stabilized alumina or magnesium promoted lanthanum stabilized alumina. In addition a steam reforming process is described for converting hydrocarbon material to hydrogen gas in the presence of sulfur comprising adding steam to the hydrocarbon material and passing the steam and hydrocarbon material over catalyst material at elevated temperatures. The improvement comprises utilizing as a catalyst material high activity sulfur tolerant catalysts consisting essentially of palladium supported on lanthanum stabilized alumina or magnesium promoted lanthanum stabilized alumina.

Setzer, H.J.; Karavolis, S.; Bett, J.A.S.

1987-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Energy19.pdf References: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries [1] Summary "This paper complements the World Bank's Operational Guidance Note by compiling lessons of this experience that help in applying the Note's guidance. These lessons are taken from the rapidly growing literature on power market reform in developing countries. They cover the range of issues

256

Telecommunications reform and efficiency performance: Do good institutions matter?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Until recently, most studies investigating telecommunication reforms performance have failed to incorporate the importance of institutions into the empirical analysis. This study highlights the importance of institutional governance on telecommunications efficiency and provides empirical results for the impact of institutions on reform outcomes. It provides significant evidence that the institutional environment in which reform progress takes place is an important determinant for successful reform. This study uses the stochastic distance function approach to capture the role of institutions in explaining efficiency differences across 70 countries. The empirical analysis reveals that policy stability in the form of substantive checks and balances on executive power is the most important aspect for successful reform. Independently, legal integrity improves telecommunications efficiency through privatization, while greater freedom from corruption influences the effectiveness of a regulatory body.

Noorihsan Mohamad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Steam reformers heated by helium from high temperature reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The manifold possibilities of the application of helium-heated steam reformers combined with high temperature nuclear reactors are elucidated in this article. It is shown that the thermodynamic interpretation of the processes does not cause difficulties because of the good heat transfer in helium at high pressure and that helium peak temperatures of 950°C are sufficient for carrying out the process. The mechanical design of the reformer tube does not lead to problems because the helium and process pressures are so chosen as to be approximately equal. The problems of hydrogen and tritium permeation as well as the contamination of the reformer tube with solid fission products seem to be solvable using the knowledge available at present. Furthermore, the various possibilities for the design arrangements of helium-heated reformer tube furnaces are shown. The status of development attained to date is outlined and in conclusion there is a survey regarding the next steps to be taken in steam reformer technology.

K. Kugeler; M. Kugeler; H.F. Niessen; K.H. Hammelmann

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research Universities Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research Universities At the request of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Research Universities, the Council on Governmental Relations (COGR), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) have assembled a set of ten recommendations for regulatory reform that would improve research universities' ability to carry out their missions without requiring a significant financial investment by the Federal government. Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations

259

Process Reform, Security and Suitability - December 17, 2008 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Process Reform, Security and Suitability - December 17, 2008 Process Reform, Security and Suitability - December 17, 2008 Process Reform, Security and Suitability - December 17, 2008 December 17, 2008 This is to report on the progress made to improve the timeliness and effectiveness of our hiring and clearing decisions and the specific plan to reform the process further, in accordance with our initial proposals made in April ofthis year. In response to significant, continuing security clearance timeliness concerns, Congress called for improvements and established specific timeliness goals as part of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA). Since the enactment of IRTPA, average timeliness for 90 percent of all clearance determinations reported has been substantially improved, from 265 days (in 2005) to 82 days (4th Quarter,

260

The optimal boundary of political subsidies for agricultural insurance in welfare economic prospect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

China is one of the most suffering countries in agriculture by Nature. The current statistics shows a growing lose by agriculture risk. Insurance, as a lack part in the agricultural risk management, is constraining the ability to defense the risk and the sustainable development for our modern agriculture. Either sufficient or deficient in political subsidies will cause welfare deadweight loss. The article analyzed the optimal boundary of the fiscal subsidies based on the welfare loss model in agricultural insurance. We’re trying to reduce the benefit loss due to asymmetric information, optimize the efficiency of fiscal transfers and enhance the farmers’ welfare. We also like to give several suggestions in how to promote our political subsidies in agricultural insurance.

Xu Yuanchang; Jiang Jiyu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Online quality control methods for steam-gas reformers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a classification of online quality control (QC) methods from the view of process control. The QC can be applied on the control loops from each of its three sides: the input (manipulative variable) side, the output (controlled variable) side and from the disturbance side. It was found that online QC can be direct or indirect, depending on the measures taken for quality. This classification can lead to interesting and new options for the control variables that otherwise would have been obscure. Once the proper control variable is selected (in terms of adequate representation of quality) it can be used for control systems analysis and design. Process application is presented for an industrial Steam Gas Reformer. The input is the fuel gas quality for which various options were presented. A correlation was obtained to relate heat input to simple measurements. The output hydrogen quality control options were discussed. Coil outlet temperature is adequate for a crude estimate of conversion, provided that S/C ratio is controlled. S/C ratio correlation was obtained to enable its estimation and control from simple measurements. A precise quality control of hydrogen can be achieved provided that COT is also controlled to protect reformer catalyst. An improved strategy can be implemented where both COT and conversion are controlled in a multivariable sense. This strategy is economically attractive, since it allows continuous manipulation of S/C ratio to the minimum required for COT control. Savings in fuel gas can be achieved accordingly. The feasibility of multivariable control was established via interaction analysis.

I.M. Alatiqi

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Payment Reform for Safety-Net Institutions — Improving Quality and Outcomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the U.S. health care system today, many hospitals have the market power to raise the prices of their services without showing evidence of improvements in the quality of care. In an effort to realign incentives, health care reformers are now proposing to link provider payments to quality of care... Drs. C. Jason Wang, Kathleen Conroy, and Barry Zuckerman argue that safety-net institutions should be reimbursed more per patient under any pay-for-quality scheme that is implemented.

Wang C.J.Conroy K.N.Zuckerman B.

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

263

Health Insurers at the Table — Industry Proposals for Regulation and Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was developed over several years and mapped out before the 2008 presidential election, well before the current debate began. The members of our organization, America's Health Insurance Plans, are proud of the hard work they did — not simply on our broad approach, but on specific recommendations that... Karen Ignagni discusses insurance-industry reform proposals that aim to build on the strengths of the present public–private health care system rather than replace it.

Ignagni K.

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

The integration of child tax credits and welfare: Evidence from the Canadian National Child Benefit program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1998, the Canadian government introduced a new child tax credit. The innovation in the program was its integration with social assistance (welfare). Some provinces agreed to subtract the new federally-paid benefits from provincially-paid social assistance, partially lowering the welfare wall. Other provinces did not integrate benefits, providing a quasi-experimental framework for estimation. We find large changes in social assistance take-up and employment in provinces that provided the labour market incentives to do so. In our sample, the integration of benefits can account for between 19 and 27% of the decline in social assistance receipt between 1997 and 2000.

Kevin Milligan; Mark Stabile

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos A DEFRA-commissioned study to assess the `Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos` identified areas for improvement relating to the continued maintenance of elephants in UK

Evans, Paul

266

A Review of the Property Value Approach to Measuring the Welfare Impact of an Externality Excerpt from NUREG/CR-0989, PNL-2952 Vol. II Appendix B  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews 1) the quantitative measurement of the welfare impact due to an externality and 2) the empirical estimation of the welfare impact of an externality using the property value approach.

RC. Adams

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Catalyst for steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

A catalyst's resistance to deactivation by polymer formation is vital to the successful gasification of heavy feedstocks such as kerosene and gas oil. The improved polymer-resistance performance of this steam-reforming catalyst is directly relate to the distribution of the pore sizes in its calcined (but unreduced) precursor form and to a certain pore-size ratio: 1) At least 55% of the pore volume of pores having a radius of between 12 and 120 A(2000A) is in the range of 12-30 A(2000A) and 2) the ratio of the pore volume contained in pores of 10-50 A(2000A) to the volume contained in pores of 50-300 A(2000A) is at least 5:1. The catalyst-preparation method involves coprecipitation with a minimum of heat treatment (at temperatures not greater than 140/sup 0/F or 60/sup 0/C).

Banks, R.G.S.; Williams, A.

1980-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

268

Performance tests for steam methane reformers  

SciTech Connect

Most of the synthesis gas plants in operation in the United States for production of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, methanol, and ammonia use steam methane reforming (SMR). Economic projections indicate that the SMR plant may continue to be the most favorable process choice through the 1980s or until partial oxidation or coal gasification processes are technically proven. The complexity of an efficiently designed SMR plant for production of these chemicals requires a thorough understanding of many unit operations to correctly evaluate the performance of an operating plant. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (APCI) owns and operates various types of SMR plants for production of hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases for pipe line sales, liquid hydrogen for merchant sale, methanol and ammonia. Over the past few years, APCI has developed guidelines and procedures for plant performance tests done at its major SMR plants. This article documents the plant test procedure used in conducting onsite SMR plant performance tests.

Wang, S.I.; DiMartino, S.P.; Patel, N.M.; Smith, D.D.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Process for steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

A process is provided for the steam reforming of normally liquid hydrocarbons to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which does not promote the deposition of carbonacious materials upon catalytic surfaces. The catalyst consists of nickel promoted with the oxides of iron and manganese within a specific manganese to iron ratio, said metal and metal oxides being supported upon a refractory support. The support is preferably aluminum oxide in its alpha phase having a surface area of more than 0.5 m2/gm but no more than 10 m2/gm. The metallic constituents are impregnated onto said refractory low surface area support as salts and are calcined at sufficiently high temperature to convert the salts to the oxide but at a sufficiently low temperature that they do not chemically react with the support.

Broughton, D.R.; Russ, K.J.

1980-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Department for Education's reformed GCSE subject content  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's reformed GCSE subject content consultation - August 2013 Department for Education: Reformed GCSE subject's reformed GCSE subject content consultation. The proposed changes to science qualifications promote reform and have enclosed a copy for information. 1 ` Direct assessment' is based on the direct assessment

Rambaut, Andrew

271

MOVIE "CHICAGO CITY COUNCIL: READY FOR REFORM?" (27 minutes/color)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, transportation, and health care. 8. Investigate how many of the reform proposals were in place twenty years afterMOVIE ­ "CHICAGO CITY COUNCIL: READY FOR REFORM?" (27 minutes/color) SYNOPSIS Following the death of Mayor Harold Washington, residents and reformers of Chicago still hoped for continued reform in Chicago

Illinois at Chicago, University of

272

The nuclear heated steam reformer — Design and semitechnical operating experiences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Good operating experiences of the EVA I- and EVA II-plant have been described. Therin the comparison of the different catalyst concepts has been given. Further the behaviour of the bundle of EVA II plant by isolation of individual reformer tubes as well as the performance of the bundle under transient conditions have been explained. Different design concepts for a nuclear heated steam reformer based on the concentric tubes and baffles have been given. Main points of studies are constructional details, thermohydraulic of the bundle and stress analysis. It can be shown that the present standard of knowledge allows the application of the steam reformer for coal refinement with nuclear heat.

J. Singh; H.F. Niessen; R. Harth; H. Fedders; H. Reutler; W. Panknin; W.D. Müller; H.G. Harms

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Thermally efficient melting and fuel reforming for glass making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An integrated process for utilizing waste heat from a glass making furnace. The hot off-gas from the furnace is initially partially cooled, then fed to a reformer. In the reformer, the partially cooled off-gas is further cooled against a hydrocarbon which is thus reformed into a synthesis gas, which is then fed into the glass making furnace as a fuel. The further cooled off-gas is then recycled back to absorb the heat from the hot off-gas to perform the initial cooling.

Chen, Michael S. (Zionsville, PA); Painter, Corning F. (Allentown, PA); Pastore, Steven P. (Allentown, PA); Roth, Gary S. (Trexlertown, PA); Winchester, David C. (Allentown, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Innovators of Technologies to Harness the Potential Of Water for the Advancement of Human Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gradient Solar evaporation Salinity Osmotic Power All surface renewable energy are derivatives of the solar energy #12;2/16/11 www.miktechnology.com (281-731-8355) 5 Process Characteristics Welfare #12;2/16/11 www.miktechnology.com (281-731-8355) 2 Salinity Power Generation Texas-Mexico

Scott, Christopher

275

The impact of a large rice price increase on welfare and poverty in Syed Abul Hasan*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of a large rice price increase on welfare and poverty in Bangladesh Syed Abul Hasan comments. All correspondence to Syed Hasan, Craw- ford School of Public Policy, ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, ACT-0200, Aus- tralia, email-syed.hasan@anu.edu.au, web

276

Inefficient subsidy in Nigerian oil sector; implications for revenue generation and household welfare in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Subsidy exists when consumers are assisted by the government to pay less than the prevailing market price of a given commodity. In respect of fuel subsidy, it means that consumers would pay below the market price per litre of petroleum product. This paper is aim at analysing the effects of the increase in energy prices on the social welfare of Nigerian households and comparing the consequences with the condition in which in concurrence with increase in energy prices, the government undertakes transfer payments to Nigerian households in order to protect their social welfare status. An analytical reasoning model was adopted and within the framework of this model the effects of increase in energy price on social welfare is discussed. Decrease in energy subsidies and a shift towards market prices will result in a lower budget deficit for the government and powerfully harness one of the main causes of inflation. However, if the elimination of subsidies be accompanied by transfer payments to households, the result is increase in the government budget deficit which in its turn will enhance inflation thus very negatively affecting social welfare.

Benjamin Anabori Mmadu; David Chuks Akan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Theoretically Based Model of Rat Personality with Implications for Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Theoretically Based Model of Rat Personality with Implications for Welfare Becca Franks*, E. Tory from zoo-housed primates and laboratory rats has suggested that it may be applicable to nonhuman animal behavior as well. Building on these initial studies, we collected data on 60 rats, Rattus norvegicus

Champagne, Frances A.

278

Steam reforming of low-level mixed waste  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for the treatment and disposal of an inventory of approximately 160,000 tons of Low-Level Mixed Waste (LLMW). Most of this LLMW is stored in drums, barrels and steel boxes at 20 different sites throughout the DOE complex. The basic objective of low-level mixed waste treatment systems is to completely destroy the hazardous constituents and to simultaneously isolate and capture the radionuclides in a superior final waste form such as glass. The DOE is sponsoring the development of advanced technologies that meet this objective while achieving maximum volume reduction, low-life cycle costs and maximum operational safety. ThermoChem, Inc. is in the final stages of development of a steam-reforming system capable of treating a wide variety of DOE low-level mixed waste that meets these objectives. The design, construction, and testing of a nominal 1 ton/day Process Development Unit is described.

Voelker, G.E.; Steedman, W.G. [Thermochem, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Chandran, R.R. [Manufacturing and Technology Conversion International, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

279

Intelligence Reform and Terroroism Prevention Act - December 17, 2004 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intelligence Reform and Terroroism Prevention Act - December 17, Intelligence Reform and Terroroism Prevention Act - December 17, 2004 Intelligence Reform and Terroroism Prevention Act - December 17, 2004 December 17, 2004 To reform the intelligence community and the intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the United States Government, and for other purposes. SEC. 102. (a) DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.-(1) There is a Director of National Intelligence who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Any individual nominated for appointment as Director of National Intelligence shall have extensive national security expertise. ''(2) The Director of National Intelligence shall not be located within the Executive Office of the President. ''(b) PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITY.-Subject to the authority, direction,

280

Process Reform, Security and Suitability- December 17, 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is to report on the progress made to improve the timeliness and effectiveness of our hiring and clearing decisions and the specific plan to reform the process further, in accordance with our initial proposals made in April ofthis year.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Fuel reforming for scramjet thermal management and combustion optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel reforming for scramjet thermal management and combustion optimization E. DANIAU* , M. BOUCHEZ in a Scramjet combustion chamber. Another critical point is that mixing and combustion should be sufficiently

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

282

Experiences of niobium-containing alloys for steam reformers  

SciTech Connect

Destructive testing of niobium alloys was made in steam reformer as well as the study of the effects of the chemical compositions on the creep rupture and tensile properties.

Shibasaki, T.; Takemura, K.; Kawai, T.; Mohri, T.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Deregulation, tax reform, and the use of consumer credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article analyzes the probable effects of recent deregulation of consumer credit markets and tax reform on household credit-use decisions. The results of the analysis ... that deregulation of rates of charge ...

A. Charlene Sullivan; Debra Drecnik Worden

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

ISSN 1745-9648 Organisation and Reforms of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of liberalisation of the Slovenian electricity market to a large extent resembles what other EU countries were: electricity reform, restructuring, competition, South East Europe, liberalisation #12;2 Acknowledgements

Feigon, Brooke

285

ECONOMIC REFORM AND COMMUNIST REGIME SURVIVABILTY: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of their respective Politburos and may be described as not only ‘surviving’ but thriving, experiencing economic stability and enjoying high rates of growth. This study examines the ramifications of economic and political reform policies implemented by four collapsed...

Nelson, John

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

286

A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

econometric model based on Poisson regression with cross-section data covering 51 US states, 13 Canada states and 51 other countries. The results show that both the background of the chairperson of electricity market regulatory agency when reforms started...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

287

Highly Active Steam Reforming Catalyst for Hydrogen and Syngas Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Toyo Engineering Corporation developed a steam reforming catalyst, which is four times as active as conventional catalysts, for hydrogen and syngas production from light natural gas. The catalyst has...3 plant. B...

Toru Numaguchi

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells - Hydrogen - Distributed Ethanol Reforming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids Bio-derived liquid fuels can be produced from renewable agricultural products, such as wood chips. Background Bio-derived renewable fuels are attractive for their high energy density and ease of transport. One scenario for a sustainable hydrogen economy considers that these bio-derived liquid fuels will be produced at plants close to the biomass resource, and then transported to distributed hydrogen production centers (e.g., hydrogen refueling stations), where the fuels will be reformed via the steam reforming process, similar to the current centralized production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of natural gas. Hydrogen produced by reforming these fuels must first be purified and compressed to appropriate storage and dispensing pressures. Compressing

289

Integrated process and apparatus for the primary and secondary catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus is described for the essentially autothermal, integrated primary and secondary reforming of hydrocarbons comprising: (a) an internally insulated outer reactor shell adapted for the positioning of primary and secondary reforming zones therein; (b) means defining a primary reforming zone within the outer reactor shell and having catalyst-containing reformer tubes positioned therein, the primary reforming zone not requiring an external fuel fired source of heat for the endothermic primary reforming reaction occurring therein; (c) means for introducing a fluid hydrocarbon feed stream and steam to the outer reactor shell for passage through the reformer tubes in the primary reforming zone; (d) means defining a secondary reforming zone within the outer reactor shell comprising a secondary reforming catalyst bed, a catalyst-free reaction space defining a feed end adjacent to the catalyst bed and a discharge end at the opposite side of the secondary reforming catalyst bed to the feed end; and (e) conduit means positioned entirely within the outer reactor shell and extending through the secondary reforming catalyst bed for passing partly reformed product effluent from the primary reforming zone to the catalyst-free reaction space in the secondary reforming zone.

Fuderer, A.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Experimental Study on Gasoline Reforming Assisted by Nonthermal Arc Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gasoline conversion efficiency decreased when the electric discharge regime was changing from continuous to gliding arc and from gliding to streamer. ... Compared with catalytic reformers, plasma devices have so far lower performances, which is explained by the early stage of research on nonthermal plasma reforming and the need of an external energy input (electricity). ... and design of the plasma reactor, composed of two gliding arc discharges in series, were detailed. ...

Jean-Damien Rollier; José Gonzalez-Aguilar; Guillaume Petitpas; Adeline Darmon; Laurent Fulcheri; Rudolf Metkemeijer

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Faculty perceptions of presidential leadership in urban school reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACULTY PERCEPTIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL LEADERSHIP IN URBAN SCHOOL REFORM A Dissertation by RODNEY PRESCOTT McCLENDON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Agricultural Education FACULTY PERCEPTIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL LEADERSHIP IN URBAN SCHOOL REFORM A Dissertation by RODNEY PRESCOTT McCLENDON Submitted...

McClendon, Rodney Prescott

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

292

Fractionation of reformate: A new variant of gasoline production technology  

SciTech Connect

The Novo-Ufa Petroleum Refinery is the largest domestic producer of the unique high-octane unleaded automotive gasolines AI-93 and AI-95 and the aviation gasolines B-91/115 and B-92. The base component for these gasolines is obtained by catalytic reforming of wide-cut naphtha; this basic component is usually blended with certain other components that are expensive and in short supply: toluene, xylenes, and alkylate. For example, the unleaded gasoline AI-93 has been prepared by blending reformate, alkylate, and toluene in a 65:20:15 weight ratio; AI-95 gasoline by blending alkylate and xylenes in an 80:20 weight ratio; and B-91/115 gasoline by compounding a reformate obtained with light straight-run feed, plus alkylate and toluene, in a 55:35:10 weight ratio. Toluene and xylenes have been obtained by process schemes that include the following consecutive processes: redistillation of straight-run naphtha cuts to segregate the required narrow fraction; catalytic reforming (Platforming) of the narrow toluene-xylene straight-run fraction; azeotropic distillation of the reformate to recover toluene and xylenes. A new technology based on the use of reformate fractions is proposed.

Karakuts, V.N.; Tanatarov, M.A.; Telyashev, G.G. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Studies of potassium-promoted nickel catalysts for methane steam reforming: Effect of surface potassium location  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of potassium addition to the Ni/Al2O3 steam reforming catalyst has been investigated on several model systems, including K/Al2O3 with various amounts of alkali promoters (1–4 wt% of K2O), a model catalyst 90%NiO-10%Al2O3 promoted with potassium and a commercial catalyst. The potassium surface state and stability were investigated by means of the Species Resolved Thermal Alkali Desorption method (SR-TAD). The activity of the catalysts in the steam reforming of methane and their coking-resistance were also evaluated. The results reveal that the beneficial effect of potassium addition is strongly related to its location in the catalysts. The catalyst surface should be promoted with potassium in order to obtain high coking-resistant catalysts. Moreover, the catalyst preparation procedure should ensure a direct interaction of potassium with the Al2O3 support surface. Due to the low stability of potassium on ?-Al2O3 this phase is undesirable during the preparation of a stable steam reforming catalyst.

Tadeusz Borowiecki; Andrzej Denis; Micha? Rawski; Andrzej Go??biowski; Kazimierz Sto?ecki; Jaromir Dmytrzyk; Andrzej Kotarba

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Hydrogen production from an ethanol reformer with energy saving approaches over various catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production was carried out in this study. The effects of ethanol supply rate, catalysts, O2/EtOH and different energy-saving approaches on the reforming temperature, H2 + CO (syngas) concentration and thermal efficiency were investigated. The results showed that the best H2 + CO concentration of 43.41% could be achieved by using rhodium (Rh), while the next best concentration of about 42.08% could be obtained using ruthenium (Ru). The results also showed that the conversion efficiency of ethanol, concentrations of H2 and CO, and the energy loss ratio could be improved by heat insulation and heat recycling; and the improvement in the reforming performance was greater by the Ru catalyst rather than by the Rh catalyst with the energy-saving approaches. The greatest improvement in hydrogen production was achieved when using the Ru catalyst with the addition of steam and heat recycling system under an O2/EtOH ratio of 0.625 and S/C ratio of 1.0.

Wei-Cheng Chiu; Rong-Fang Horng; Huann-Ming Chou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Hydrogen plant expansion using oxygen secondary reforming  

SciTech Connect

As crude oil feedstocks become heavier and more sour, the H/sub 2/ demands of a refinery increase. Heavier sour crudes require more H/sub 2/ for hydrodesulfurization, hydrocracking and hydrotreating to produce the lighter, high quality products currently in demand. In most cases, this additional H/sub 2/ requirement is satisfied by the generation of on purpose H/sub 2/. The on purpose H/sub 2/ demand is typically satisfied by steam methane reforming (SMR). The conventional SMR process, utilizing shift, CO/sub 2/ removal, and methanation for H/sub 2/ purification, can produce 90 to 98% pure H/sub 2/ at 150 to 400 psig at an energy efficiency of 410 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. An SMR process employing shift and pressure swing adsorption (PSA) for H/sub 2/ purification can produce H/sub 2/ at a purity up to 99.999% and an energy efficiency of 390 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. Two options available for satisfying an increased on purpose H/sub 2/ demand are the addition of a new SMR plant and the debottlenecking of an existing SMR. A new SMR plant is the most capital-intensive means of expanding H/sub 2/ capacity.

Snyder, G.D.; Wang, S.I.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

THOR Bench-Scale Steam Reforming Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) was home to nuclear fuel reprocessing activities for decades at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. As a result of the reprocessing activities, INTEC has accumulated approximately one million gallons of acidic, radioactive, sodium-bearing waste (SBW). The purpose of this demonstration was to investigate a reforming technology, offered by THORsm Treatment Technologies, LLC, for treatment of SBW into a ''road ready'' waste form that would meet the waste acceptance criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). A non-radioactive simulated SBW was used based on the known composition of waste tank WM-180 at INTEC. Rhenium was included as a non-radioactive surrogate for technetium. Data was collected to determine the nature and characteristics of the product, the operability of the technology, the composition of the off-gases, and the fate of key radionuclides (cesium and technetium) and volatile mercury compounds. The product contained a low fraction of elemental carbon residues in the cyclone and filter vessel catches. Mercury was quantitatively stripped from the product but cesium, rhenium (Tc surrogate), and the heavy metals were retained. Nitrates were not detected in the product and NOx destruction exceeded 98%. The demonstration was successful.

Marshall, D.W.; Soelberg, N.R.; Shaber, K.M.

2003-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

THOR Bench-Scale Steam Reforming Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) was home to nuclear fuel reprocessing activities for decades at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. As a result of the reprocessing activities, INTEC has accumulated approximately one million gallons of acidic, radioactive, sodium-bearing waste (SBW). The purpose of this demonstration was to investigate a reforming technology, offered by THORsm Treatment Technologies, LLC, for treatment of SBW into a "road ready" waste form that would meet the waste acceptance criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). A non-radioactive simulated SBW was used based on the known composition of waste tank WM-180 at INTEC. Rhenium was included as a non-radioactive surrogate for technetium. Data was collected to determine the nature and characteristics of the product, the operability of the technology, the composition of the off-gases, and the fate of key radionuclides (cesium and technetium) and volatile mercury compounds. The product contained a low fraction of elemental carbon residues in the cyclone and filter vessel catches. Mercury was quantitatively stripped from the product but cesium, rhenium (Tc surrogate), and the heavy metals were retained. Nitrates were not detected in the product and NOx destruction exceeded 98%. The demonstration was successful.

D. W. Marshall; N. R. Soelberg; K. M. Shaber

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Examining the Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Labor Market Participation of Families on Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supplyof the Earned Income Tax Credit: Evidence from the National1995. “The Earned Income Tax Credit and Transfer Programs: A

Hotz, V. Joseph; Mullin, Charles H.; Scholz, John Karl

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Work attitudes and intention to quit among workers in private child welfare agencies operating under performance-based contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not much is currently known about how employment in child welfare agencies operating under performance-based contracts affects worker attitudes related to retention. This study focuses on the relationship of job satisfaction, ...

Levy, Michelle; Poertner, John; Lieberman, Alice

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

REDD at the crossroads? The Opportunities and Challenges of REDD for Conservation and Human Welfare in South West Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and challenges of implementing REDD in South West (SW) Uganda. We consulted key stakeholders and reviewed regional literature particularly focusing on the opportunities for conservation and human welfare benefits. We structured our study using the Simpson...

Twongyirwe, Ronald; Sheil, Douglas; Sandbrook, Chris G.; Sandbrook, Lindsey C.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? ? Current?Trends?and?Future?Challenges?in? the?Freight?Railroad?Industry Balancing?Private?Industry?Interests?and?the?Public?Welfare? ? ? ? Sarah?Allen? Kendra?Kelson? Hayden?Migl? Rodney?Schmidt? David?Shoemaker? Heather?Thomson? ? ? A...

Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Walk the line: Conflict, state capacity and the political dynamics of reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper develops a dynamic framework to analyze the political sustainability of economic reforms in developing countries. First, we demonstrate that economic reforms that are proceeding successfully may run into a political impasse, with the reform's initial success having a negative impact on its political sustainability. Second, we demonstrate that greater state capacity, to make compensatory transfers to those adversely affected by reform, need not always help the political sustainability of reform, but can also hinder it. Finally, we argue that in ethnically divided societies, economic reform may be completed not despite ethnic conflict, but because of it.

Sanjay Jain; Sumon Majumdar; Sharun W Mukand

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

What is an Indian Family? The Indian Child Welfare Act and the Renascence of Tribal Sovereignty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on recognition of the right of Indian groups to persist as distinctive social entities" (Lurie 1965, 35). There is, of course, nothing more crucial for cultural persistence than the right to control the upbringing of a community's children—a point implicitly... Welfare Act pointed out not only the disproportionate percentage of Indian children sepa rated from their natal families, but also that many of these separations were carried out without regard to the rights of either birth parents or tribes. Often...

Strong, Pauline Turner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effects of anode microstructures on durability of microtubular solid oxide fuel cells during internal steam reforming of methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When hydrocarbons are used as a fuel in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), internal steam reforming increases the energy conversion efficiency and simplifies the system, including the balance-of-plant. However, conventional nickel–yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni–YSZ) anodes are prone to deterioration at high temperatures and high humidity. This paper focuses on effects in anode microstructure on performance and durability of microtubular SOFCs. The evaluations were conducted under high steam content and internal methane reforming conditions using Ni–YSZ anodes using acrylic resin and graphite pore formers. The initial cell performance was almost identical to that of \\{SOFCs\\} with anodes using acrylic resin and graphite pore formers in 40% H2–3% H2O at 700 °C. However, the anode using acrylic resin deteriorated rapidly in 40% H2–30% H2O over a period of 28 h. Furthermore, it generated almost no electric power by internal steam reforming of methane. The local oxidation of nickel particles was observed at the interface between the electrolyte and the deteriorated anodes. The anode using graphite pore former provided stable power generation in 40% H2–30% H2O, and was able to generate power in 10% CH4–30% H2O. The pore formers strongly affect fuel diffusivity in the SOFC anodes, which is an important factor in stable internal steam reforming of methane.

Hirofumi Sumi; Toshiaki Yamaguchi; Toshio Suzuki; Hiroyuki Shimada; Koichi Hamamoto; Yoshinobu Fujishiro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

FLUIDIZED BED STEAM REFORMER MONOLITH FORMATION  

SciTech Connect

Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) is being considered as an alternative technology for the immobilization of a wide variety of aqueous high sodium containing radioactive wastes at various DOE facilities in the United States. The addition of clay, charcoal, and a catalyst as co-reactants converts aqueous Low Activity Wastes (LAW) to a granular or ''mineralized'' waste form while converting organic components to CO{sub 2} and steam, and nitrate/nitrite components, if any, to N{sub 2}. The waste form produced is a multiphase mineral assemblage of Na-Al-Si (NAS) feldspathoid minerals with cage-like structures that atomically bond radionuclides like Tc-99 and anions such as SO{sub 4}, I, F, and Cl. The granular product has been shown to be as durable as LAW glass. Shallow land burial requires that the mineralized waste form be able to sustain the weight of soil overburden and potential intrusion by future generations. The strength requirement necessitates binding the granular product into a monolith. FBSR mineral products were formulated into a variety of monoliths including various cements, Ceramicrete, and hydroceramics. All but one of the nine monoliths tested met the <2g/m{sup 2} durability specification for Na and Re (simulant for Tc-99) when tested using the Product Consistency Test (PCT; ASTM C1285). Of the nine monoliths tested the cements produced with 80-87 wt% FBSR product, the Ceramicrete, and the hydroceramic produced with 83.3 wt% FBSR product, met the compressive strength and durability requirements for an LAW waste form.

Jantzen, C

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

306

Global forces, institutional pressures: The Malaysian Employees Provident Fund in need of reform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines one area of welfare in one rapidly industrialising country - Malaysia - in order to explore the nature and impact of key… (more)

Caraher, Kevin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The use of advanced steam reforming technology for hydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

The demand for supplementary hydrogen production in refineries is growing significantly world-wide as environmental legislation concerning cleaner gasoline and diesel fuels is introduced. The main manufacturing method is by steam reforming. The process has been developed both to reduce the capital cost and increase efficiency, reliability and ease of operation. ICI Katalco`s Leading Concept Hydrogen or LCH process continues this process of improvement by replacing the conventional fired steam reformer with a type of heat exchange reformer known as the Gas Heated Reformer or GHR. The GHR was first used in the Leading Concept Ammonia process, LCA at ICI`s manufacturing site at Severnside, England and commissioned in 1988 and later in the Leading Concept Methanol (LCM) process for methanol at Melbourne, Australia and commissioned in 1994. The development of the LCH process follows on from both LCA and LCM processes. This paper describes the development and use of the GHR in steam reforming, and shows how the GHR can be used in LCH. A comparison between the LCH process and a conventional hydrogen plant is given, showing the benefits of the LCH process in certain circumstances.

Abbishaw, J.B.; Cromarty, B.J. [ICI Katalco, Billingham (United Kingdom)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research Universities January 21, 2011 Introduction At the request of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Research Universities, the Council on Governmental Relations (COGR), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) have assembled a set of ten recommendations for regulatory reform that would improve research universities' ability to carry out their missions without requiring a significant financial investment by the Federal government. We firmly believe that compliance and regulatory oversight are essential to the conduct of federally-supported research. Rationalizing the Federal regulatory infrastructure is essential to

309

Comments on Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Reform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comments on Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Comments on Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Reform issued February 3, 2011 (Federal Register /Vol. 76, No. 23 /Thursday, February 3, 2011 /Notices). Comments on Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Reform issued February 3, 2011 (Federal Register /Vol. 76, No. 23 /Thursday, February 3, 2011 /Notices). I have reviewed the Request For Information regarding Reducing Regulatory Reform issued February 3, 2011 (Federal Register /Vol. 76, No. 23 /Thursday, February 3, 2011 /Notices). In the Department of Energy"s (DOE) attempt to meet its obligation to implement Executive Order 13563, ""Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,"" issued by the President on January 18, 2011, I recommend DOE make a bold move to change

310

Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Vietnam in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Name Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://recoftc.org/site/filead Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam[1] Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam Screenshot Summary "This report presents a synthesis of findings from the two surveys undertaken in Dak Lak (by Dak Lak Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD)) and Hoa Binh by VFU (See Annex A. for a list of members in the two research teams). It was prepared by Nguyen Quang Tan, Nguyen Ba

311

Steam methane reforming in molten carbonate salt. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the work accomplished on the project {open_quotes}Steam Methane Reforming in Molten Carbonate Salt.{close_quotes}. This effort has established the conceptual basis for molten carbonate-based steam reforming of methane. It has not proceeded to prototype verification, because corrosion concerns have led to reluctance on the part of large hydrogen producers to adopt the technology. Therefore the focus was shifted to a less corrosive embodiment of the same technology. After considerable development effort it was discovered that a European company (Catalysts and Chemicals Europe) was developing a similar process ({open_quotes}Regate{close_quotes}). Accordingly the focus was shifted a second time, to develop an improvement which is generic to both types of reforming. That work is still in progress, and shows substantial promise.

Erickson, D.C.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Pyrochlore-type catalysts for the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of catalytically reforming a reactant gas mixture using a pyrochlore catalyst material comprised of one or more pyrochlores having the composition A.sub.2-w-xA'.sub.wA''.sub.xB.sub.2-y-zB'.sub.yB''.sub.zO.sub.7-.DELTA.. Distribution of catalytically active metals throughout the structure at the B site creates an active and well dispersed metal locked into place in the crystal structure. This greatly reduces the metal sintering that typically occurs on supported catalysts used in reforming reactions, and reduces deactivation by sulfur and carbon. Further, oxygen mobility may also be enhanced by elemental exchange of promoters at sites in the pyrochlore. The pyrochlore catalyst material may be utilized in catalytic reforming reactions for the conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into synthesis gas (H.sub.2+CO) for fuel cells, among other uses.

Berry, David A. (Morgantown, WV); Shekhawat, Dushyant (Morgantown, WV); Haynes, Daniel (Morgantown, WV); Smith, Mark (Morgantown, WV); Spivey, James J. (Baton Rouge, LA)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

High performance internal reforming unit for high temperature fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel reformer having an enclosure with first and second opposing surfaces, a sidewall connecting the first and second opposing surfaces and an inlet port and an outlet port in the sidewall. A plate assembly supporting a catalyst and baffles are also disposed in the enclosure. A main baffle extends into the enclosure from a point of the sidewall between the inlet and outlet ports. The main baffle cooperates with the enclosure and the plate assembly to establish a path for the flow of fuel gas through the reformer from the inlet port to the outlet port. At least a first directing baffle extends in the enclosure from one of the sidewall and the main baffle and cooperates with the plate assembly and the enclosure to alter the gas flow path. Desired graded catalyst loading pattern has been defined for optimized thermal management for the internal reforming high temperature fuel cells so as to achieve high cell performance.

Ma, Zhiwen (Sandy Hook, CT); Venkataraman, Ramakrishnan (New Milford, CT); Novacco, Lawrence J. (Brookfield, CT)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Readiness Requires Radical Reform Readiness Requires Radical Reform Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform Agency/Company /Organization UN-REDD Programme Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Maps, Guide/manual, Training materials Website http://environment.yale.edu/tf Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-REDD Readiness[1] Summary "The fundamental changes needed for sustainable forest management in Ghana have been known for years, and many large projects have been instigated accordingly. Yet real change has proved elusive. The key challenge now is to get REDD-plus right so that it makes a difference. Dialogue participants

315

GUIDANCE ON APPLICATION OF FEDERAL VACANCIES REFORM ACT OF 1998 Page 1 of 13  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APPLICATION OF FEDERAL VACANCIES REFORM ACT OF 1998 Page 1 of 13 APPLICATION OF FEDERAL VACANCIES REFORM ACT OF 1998 Page 1 of 13 GUIDANCE ON APPLICATION OF FEDERAL VACANCIES REFORM ACT OF 1998 This memorandum provides guidance on the application of the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of1998 to vacancies in Senate-confirmed offices within the executive branch. March 22, 1999 MEMORANDUM FOR AGENCY GENERAL COUNSELS On October 21, 1998, the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 ("Vacancies Reform Act" or "Act") was signed into law. ( ) The Vacancies Reform Act replaces the old Vacancies Act and alters the way in which vacancies in presidentially appointed, Senate- confirmed offices within the executive branch may be filled on a temporary basis. The following Q&As are intended to provide general guidance on the Vacancies Reform Act. If

316

A Comparative Study between Co and Rh for Steam Reforming of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

between Co and Rh for Steam Reforming of Ethanol. A Comparative Study between Co and Rh for Steam Reforming of Ethanol. Abstract: Rh and Co-based catalyst performance was compared...

317

Catalytic roles of Co0 and Co2+ during steam reforming of ethanol...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

roles of Co0 and Co2+ during steam reforming of ethanol on CoMgO catalysts . Catalytic roles of Co0 and Co2+ during steam reforming of ethanol on CoMgO catalysts . Abstract:...

318

The Fate of Obamacare: Racial Resentment, Ethnocentrism and Attitudes about Healthcare Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Health care has been a contentious issue in American ... public support for, and opposition to, healthcare reform. Using national survey data, we measure ... and Ethnocentrism, on white support for healthcare reform

Angie Maxwell; Todd Shields

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Abstract 3727: Phase 0 trials, obligation to research and ethical implications of health-care reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obligation to research and ethical implications of health-care reform Silvia Camporesi...are also at the core of the US Health Care reform. On the one hand...currently Special Advisor for Health Policy at the White House...

Silvia Camporesi and Matteo Mameli

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Application of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions APPROACH On-board diesel fuel reformation is being evaluated as an alternative to urea SCR to meet Tier 2 Bin 5 emissions...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

It’s About Time for Autism Reform Legislation in Utah  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On 3 April 2014, Governor Gary Herbert signed into law a health insurance reform bill that requires private insurers to cover ... and the District of Columbia have enacted insurance reform laws. Ensuring that chi...

Brian J. Shiozawa

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

FLUIDIZABLE CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN BY STEAM REFORMING BIOMASS PYROLYSIS LIQUIDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLUIDIZABLE CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN BY STEAM REFORMING BIOMASS PYROLYSIS LIQUIDS Kimberly established that biomass pyrolysis oil could be steam-reformed to generate hydrogen using non pyrolysis oil could be almost stoichiometrically converted to hydrogen. However, process performance

323

Internal tar/CH4 reforming in a biomass dual fluidised bed gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An internal reformer is developed for in situ catalytic reforming of tar and methane (CH4) in allothermal gasifiers. The study has been performed in the ... 150 kW dual fluidised bed (DFB) biomass gasifier at Mid...

Kristina Göransson; Ulf Söderlind; Till Henschel…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural price reforms Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

T Y J A N U A R Y 1 1 , 2 0 1 0 You Get What You Pay For: The Obama Approach to Health Care Reform 12... fundamental issues in health care reform 12;Coverage is actually quite...

325

Unraveling Obamacare — Can Congress and the Supreme Court Undo Health Care Reform?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...benefiting from the ACA's coverage of preventive services, insurance-industry regulation, and enhanced Medicare prescription-drug coverage. The health care industry is benefiting from increased service use by newly insured patients and is busy implementing myriad ACA payment and delivery-system reforms... Midterm elections usually produce bad outcomes for the President's party in Congress, and 2014 was no exception. Democrats suffered substantial defeats in both federal and state elections, while Republicans gained a majority in the U.S. Senate and ...

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Endurance testing of a high-efficiency steam reformer for fuel cell power plants: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This final report documents the results from demonstration and endurance tests, conducted in 1987 and 1988, of the Haldor Topsoe Heat Exchange Reformer. The primary objectives of this EPRI project were to develop, test and verify fuel processing components suitable for use in a Westinghouse Electric Corporation 7.5-MW phosphoric acid fuel cell power plant. EPRI's project is part of a larger national program sponsored by the Department of Energy to develop the technology and systems which are technically and economically viable for electric utility power generation applications. 26 figs., 11 tabs.

Udengaard, N.R.; Christiansen, L.J.; Summers, W.A.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Feasibility Analysis of Steam Reforming of Biodiesel by-product Glycerol to Make Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, lubricants, cleaners, and semiconductor circuits. It can be used to make electricity. NASA is the primary user of hydrogen as energy fuel-called fuel cells- to power the shuttle?s electrical system (Hydrogen Energy, 2008). Hydrogen can fuel tomorrow?s fuel-cell... wide application in industries and refineries. In the United States, about 17.2 billion pounds of hydrogen are produced per year and 95% are from steam reforming of methane (Hydrogen Now). It can be used as a fuel in tomorrow?s fuel-cell vehicles...

Joshi, Manoj

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

328

Steam reforming of carbo-metallic oils  

SciTech Connect

A process is disclosed for economically converting carbo-metallic oils to liquid fuel products by bringing a converter feed containing 650/sup 0/ F. + material characterized by a carbon residue on pyrolysis of at least about 1 and by containing at least about 4 ppm of nickel equivalents of heavy metals, including nickel, into contact with a particulate cracking catalyst in a progressive flow type reactor having an elongated conversion zone. The suspension of catalyst and feed in the reactor has a vapor residence time in the range of about 0.5 to about 10 seconds, a temperature of about 900/sup 0/ F. to about 1400/sup 0/ F. and a pressure of about 10 to about 50 pounds per square inch absolute for causing a conversion per pass in the range of about 50 to about 90 percent while depositing nickel on the catalyst and coke on the catalyst in amounts in the range of about 0.3 to about 3 percent by weight. The coke-laden catalyst is separated from the resulting stream of hydrocarbons and regenerated by combustion of the coke with oxygen, the regenerated catalyst being characterized by deposited nickel in at least a partially oxidized state and a level of carbon on catalyst of about 0.25 percent by weight or less. The regenerated catalyst is contacted with a reducing gas under reducing conditions sufficient to reduce at least a portion of the oxidized nickel deposits to a reduced state and the regenerated catalyst with reduced nickel deposits is recycled to the conversion zone for contact with fresh feed. Water is also introduced into the reactor conversion zone and the amount of water and the amount of reduced nickel on the recycled catalyst are sufficient to provide a steam reforming reaction so that hydrogen deficient components of the feed are converted to products having higher hydrogen to carbon ratios and the amount of feed converted to coke is reduced. The amount of deposited nickel on catalyst is preferably in the range from about 2,000 to about 20,000 ppm.

Myers, G.D.; Hettinger, W.P. Jr.; Kovach, S.M.; Zandona, O.J.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

Health Insurance Reform and the Tensions of Federalism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...government will be able to navigate the political and policy-related shoals, but clearly, federal–state tensions are about to be seriously tested. Insurance-Market Reforms and Market-Stabilization Initiatives in the Health Care Reform Law.. Creation of high-risk pools — effective June 21, 2010 (90... Christopher Jennings and Katherine Hayes write that our ability to achieve a workable federal–state balance will be seriously tested as the Obama administration and the states define and apply their roles in implementing the myriad new policies for ...

Jennings C.C.; Hayes K.J.

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

330

High temperature gas cooled reactor steam-methane reformer design  

SciTech Connect

The concept of the long distance transportation of process heat energy from a High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTGR) heat source, based on the steam-methane reforming reaction, is being evaluated by the Department of Energy as an energy source/application for use early in the 21st century. This paper summaries the design of a helium heated steam reformer utilized in conjunction with an intermediate loop, 850/degree/C reactor outlet temperature, HTGR process heat plant concept. This paper also discusses various design considerations leading to the mechanical design features, the thermochemical performance, the materials selection and the structural design analysis. 12 refs.

Impellezzeri, J.R.; Drendel, D.B.; Odegaard, T.K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Heat exchanger for fuel cell power plant reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat exchanger uses the heat from processed fuel gas from a reformer for a fuel cell to superheat steam, to preheat raw fuel prior to entering the reformer and to heat a water-steam coolant mixture from the fuel cells. The processed fuel gas temperature is thus lowered to a level useful in the fuel cell reaction. The four temperature adjustments are accomplished in a single heat exchanger with only three heat transfer cores. The heat exchanger is preheated by circulating coolant and purge steam from the power section during startup of the latter.

Misage, Robert (Manchester, CT); Scheffler, Glenn W. (Tolland, CT); Setzer, Herbert J. (Ellington, CT); Margiott, Paul R. (Manchester, CT); Parenti, Jr., Edmund K. (Manchester, CT)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Hydrogen Production by Noncatalytic Autothermal Reformation of Aviation Fuel Using Supercritical Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production by Noncatalytic Autothermal Reformation of Aviation Fuel Using Supercritical Water ... Energy Fuels, 2009, 23 (12), ...

Jason W. Picou; Jonathan E. Wenzel; H. Brian Lanterman; Sunggyu Lee

2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

Inequality and the Politics of Social Policy Implementation: Gender, Age and Chile's 2004 Health Reforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

334

WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 1 Department for Education: Reform of the National Curriculum in England CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 2

Rambaut, Andrew

335

DOES HOSPITAL COMPETITION SAVE LIVES? EVIDENCE FROM THE ENGLISH NHS PATIENT CHOICE REFORMS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOES HOSPITAL COMPETITION SAVE LIVES? EVIDENCE FROM THE ENGLISH NHS PATIENT CHOICE REFORMS* Zack Cooper, Stephen Gibbons, Simon Jones and Alistair McGuire Recent substantive reforms to the English with fixed prices. This study investigates whether these reforms led to improvements in hospital quality. We

Mateo, Jill M.

336

BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

107 BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA OR THE SEARCH FOR A "MODERN" of the country. The dominant role of secularist elites paved the way for the "reform of Islam." This process in the organization and reform of official religious institutions. For example, it interfered in the organization

Boyer, Edmond

337

August 15, 2013 Bargaining Update 8: UC stresses fair compensation and reasonable pension reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reform UC stressed with the California Nurses Association on Aug. 6-8, 2013 the need to reach a fair's market. UC's pension reform proposal calls for: · Employees hired before July 1, 2013: UC would in substantive negotiations over responsible and necessary pension reform. CNA has not accepted UC's pension

Leistikow, Bruce N.

338

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation -August 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation - August 2013 1 Ofqual: GCSE reform consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust August 2013 Key points and indirect practical assessment in its reform proposals. The total contribution of direct and indirect

Rambaut, Andrew

339

Using a CSCL-Driven Shift in Agency to Undertake Educational Reform1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Using a CSCL-Driven Shift in Agency to Undertake Educational Reform1 Mark Guzdial1, Matthew educational reform efforts, but there are many challenges to face before achieving that vision. Two attempting to use this tool to leverage a particular kind of educational reform goal: Achieving integration

Guzdial, Mark

340

Enviro-Friendly Hydrogen Generation From Steel Mill-Scale via Metal-Steam Reforming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enviro-Friendly Hydrogen Generation From Steel Mill-Scale via Metal-Steam Reforming Abdul of certain metals with steam, called metal- steam reforming (MSR). This technique does not gen- erate any: hydrogen generation; metal-steam reform- ing; mill-scale; nanoscale iron; electron microscopy Hydrogen

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

THE CALIFORNIAN MODEL AS THE PARADIGM FOR SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN LATINAMERIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CALIFORNIAN MODEL AS THE PARADIGM FOR SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN LATINAMERIC Hugh Rudnick for a second stage of reform, establishing highly flexible mechanisms of decentralised exchanges, and achieving about the validity of this new paradigm for second stage reforms. They question themselves

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

342

the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states the economics of social insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

126 the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states 127 the economics of social insurance: 4 the great InvIsIble PensIon reForm In the unIted states Krzysztof Ostaszewski Is the US bankrupt failure around the world 128 the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states 129 · every working

Ostaszewski, Krzysztof M.

343

Fiscal Sustainability and Retirement Security: A Reform Proposal for the Illinois State Universities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

situation: health care and retirement. First, Medicaid expenditures, already a substantial share of state1 Fiscal Sustainability and Retirement Security: A Reform Proposal for the Illinois State errors, are those of the authors alone. I.The Urgent Need for Reform Public pension reform is a national

Illinois at Chicago, University of

344

Health Care Reform: What School Mental Health Professionals Need to Know  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Care Reform: What School Mental Health Professionals Need to Know On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed comprehensive health care reform, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), into law (P.L. 111-148). This major reform to health care certainly has had and will continue to have

Weber, David J.

345

Process evaluation - steam reforming of diesel fuel oil. Final technical report 24 Apr-24 Dec 79 on phases 1-4  

SciTech Connect

This project is an evaluation of a proprietary catalyst as a means of steam-reforming diesel fuel oil (Fed. Spec. VV-F-800B, symbol DF-2). A system for testing the catalyst has been designed, built and successfully used to screen operating conditions of temperature, space velocity, and H2O/C ratio. A duration test has been conducted showing the catalyst capable of steam reforming diesel fuel, but with the production of naphthalene after 30 hours. Hydrogen production remained stable through the 86 hours of the test.

Jarvi, G.A.; Bowman, R.M.; Camara, E.H.; Lee, A.L.

1980-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane to Syngas by Thermal Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted on syngas preparation from dry reforming of methane by carbon dioxide with a DC arc plasma at atmospheric pressure. In all experiments, nitrogen gas was used as the working gas for thermal plasma to generate a high-temperature jet into a horizontal tube reactor. A mixture of methane and carbon dioxide was fed vertically into the jet. In order to obtain a higher conversion rate of methane and carbon dioxide, chemical energy efficiency and fuel production efficiency, parametric screening studies were conducted, in which the volume ratio of carbon dioxide to methane in fed gases and the total flux of fed gases were taken into account. Results showed that carbon dioxide reforming of methane to syngas by thermal plasma exhibited a larger processing capacity, higher conversion of methane and carbon dioxide and higher chemical energy efficiency and fuel production efficiency. In addition, thermodynamic simulation for the reforming process was conducted. Experimental data agreed well with the thermodynamic results, indicating that high thermal efficiency can be achieved with the thermal plasma reforming process.

Sun Yanpeng (???); Nie Yong (??); Wu Angshan (???); Ji Dengxiang (???); Yu Fengwen (???); Ji Jianbing (???)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Sulfur-deactivated steam reforming of gasified biomass  

SciTech Connect

The effect of hydrogen sulfide on the stream reforming of methane has been studied. Methane is the most difficult component to convert by steam reforming in the mixture of hydrocarbons, which is produced in biomass gasification. Two catalysts were subjected to hydrogen sulfide levels up to 300 ppm so as to study the effect of sulfur on their deactivation. These catalysts were the C11-9-061, from United Catalyst Inc., and the HTSR1, from Haldor Topsoee. The activation energy of the sulfur-deactivated steam-reforming reaction was calculated to be 280 and 260 kJ/mol, for each catalyst, respectively. The high values most probably originate from the fact that the degree of sulfur coverage of the nickel surface is close to 1 for these experiments. Even under these severe conditions, steam reforming of methane is possible without any carbon formation. The HTSR1 catalyst exhibits a very high sulfur-free activity, resulting in a performance in the presence of hydrogen sulfide higher than that for the C11-9-061 catalyst. By using the HTSR1 catalyst, the reactor temperature can be lowered by 60 C in order to reach comparable levels of conversion.

Koningen, J.; Sjoestroem, K. [Kungl Tekniska Hoegskolan, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Kungl Tekniska Hoegskolan, Stockholm (Sweden)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

ISSN 1745-9648 The Impact of Electricity Market Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 The Impact of Electricity Market Reform on Consumers by Catherine Waddams Price ESRC, University of East Anglia CCP Working Paper 08-7 Abstract: We examine the effect of current electricity, where household expenditure surveys and electricity tariffs are available, we analyse the effects

Feigon, Brooke

349

Static and Dynamic Simulation of Steam Methane Reformers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The steam-methane reaction is an essential step for many processing plants. Hydrogen, ammonia and methanol are mostly produced by means of methane steam reforming. Since hydrogen is essential for any refinery employing hydrotreating, the performance monitoring of the hydrogen plant is highly desirable. The use of models or simulation is now a standard practice in most chemical plants and refineries. However, reliable models are still lacking for speciality reactors like the methane steam reformer. This paper describes steady-state and dynamic models for the reactions involved in reforming methane and higher hydrocarbon gases. The performance of the reformer is then illustrated by sensitivity analysis to various input disturbances like inlet pressure, temperature, feed concentration and rate, fuel rate and density and steam to carbon ratio. The effect of these disturbances on exit temperature and conversion is studied and analyzed. Catalyst deactivation effects are also discussed and it is shown by sample calculations that the simulator can give insight into catalyst performance and assist in monitoring catalyst deactivation. The transient effects are also reported and dynamic elements like gains and response time are discussed. Such information should give insight into controller design and effects of various parameters.

I.M. Alatiqi; A.M. Meziou; G.A. Gasmelseed

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Catalytic Membrane Reactor for Extraction of Hydrogen from Bioethanol Reforming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-gas-shift catalytic membrane reactor, and (2) a multi-layer design for bioethanol reforming. A two-dimensional model is developed to describe reaction and diffusion in the catalytic membrane coupled with plug-flow equations in the retentate and permeate volumes using...

Kuncharam, Bhanu Vardhan

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Serbia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Serbia by Sandra Jednak Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Serbia have been started, and certain results were achieved. But, the electric power infrastructure decided whether the Serbian Electric Power Industry will be privatised, and if it is privatised which

Feigon, Brooke

352

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania by Oana Diaconu Department of Economics and Management-11 Abstract: Romania is a net exporter of electricity to the SE Europe region. Its performance of this role for international transmission. Romania has committed itself to an electricity restructuring plan that includes

Feigon, Brooke

353

The Clean Development Mechanism and Power Sector Reforms in Developing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regions include stimulating private sector financing, increasing operational and managerial efficiencies and lowering electricity tariffs #12;The CDM and renewable energy · Power sector reforms could potentially require higher investments for electricity generation than conventional fuel projects · Can also offer

354

Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division Catalysts for autothermal reforming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Krause Chemical Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure2, CO, CO2, and CH4) as a function of: catalyst composition fuel composition and sulfur content,110,861) awarded Oct 2000: CRADA w/H2Fuel to commercialize reformer Aug 2001: Began work on perovskite catalysts

355

The Role of Informatics in Health Care Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Role of Informatics in Health Care Reform Yueyi I. Liu, MD, PhD, Daniel L. Rubin, MD, MS Improving health care quality while simultaneously reducing cost has become a high priority of health care (such as radiation dose tracking) and quality initiatives. Key Words: Informatics; health care. ª

Rubin, Daniel L.

356

Healthcare Reform in Texas: How the Affordable Care Act (ACA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Healthcare Reform in Texas: How the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Will Impact Small Employer Health requirements, the function of health insurance exchanges and the future of employer-sponsored health insurance Shield of Texas Katrina Daniel Associate Commissioner, Life, Accident and Health Section Regulatory

O'Toole, Alice J.

357

Syngas production in a novel methane dry reformer by utilizing of tri-reforming process for energy supplying: Modeling and simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, tri-reforming process has been utilized as an energy source for driving highly endothermic process of methane dry reforming process in a multi-tubular recuperative thermally coupled reactor (TCTDR). 184 two-concentric-tubes have been proposed for this configuration. Outer tube sides of the two-concentric-tubes have been considered for the tri-reforming reactions while dry reforming process takes place in inner tube sides. Simulation results of co-current mode have been compared with corresponding predictions of thermally coupled tri- and steam reformer (TCTSR); in which the tri-reforming process has been coupled with steam reforming of methane in same conditions. A mathematical heterogeneous model has been applied to simulate both dry and tri-reforming sides of the TCTDR. Results showed that methane conversion at the output of dry and tri-reforming sides reached to 63% and 93%, respectively. Also, molar flow rate of syngas at the output of DR side of TCTDR reached to 7464 kmol h?1 in comparison to 3912 kmol h?1 for SR side of TCTSR.

Mehdi Farniaei; Mohsen Abbasi; Hamid Rahnama; Mohammad Reza Rahimpour; Alireza Shariati

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Phase 2 THOR Steam Reforming Tests for Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment  

SciTech Connect

About one million gallons of acidic, hazardous, and radioactive sodium-bearing waste is stored in stainless steel tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), which is a major operating facility of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Steam reforming is a candidate technology being investigated for converting the waste into a road ready waste form that can be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico for interment. A steam reforming technology patented by Studsvik, Inc., and licensed to THOR Treatment Technologies has been tested in two phases using a Department of Energy-owned fluidized bed test system located at the Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) Science and Technology Applications Research Center located in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The Phase 1 tests were reported earlier in 2003. The Phase 2 tests are reported here. For Phase 2, the process feed rate, stoichiometry, and chemistry were varied to identify and demonstrate process operation and product characteristics under different operating conditions. Two test series were performed. During the first series, the process chemistry was designed to produce a sodium carbonate product. The second series was designed to produce a more leach-resistant, mineralized sodium aluminosilicate product. The tests also demonstrated the performance of a MACT-compliant off-gas system.

Nicholas R. Soelberg

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Preparation of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst for a micro methanol reformer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst suitable for low-temperature methanol reforming is proposed. The catalyst achieved by optimization of the temperature and pH of preparation and the addition of boehmite has superior catalytic activity to commercial catalysts. The catalytic activity is found to depend on the Cu surface area, which is related to the amount of Cu dispersed within ZnO. Dispersion of Cu is promoted by precipitation at low temperature, which results in the formation of small crystallites of the precursor. Enlarged BET surface area by the addition of boehmite as the third component derives high catalytic activity. Under optimized pH, it is predicted that the excess of Cu species existing as amorphous-like malachite in the precursor, in addition to aurichalcite, facilitates the dispersion of Cu. The proposed catalyst system can achieve methanol reforming at temperatures 20–25 °C lower than conventional catalysts, representing an improved source of H2 for small proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems.

Yoshihiro Kawamura; Kazuto Yamamoto; Naotsugu Ogura; Takashi Katsumata; Akira Igarashi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The Austrian health reform 2013 is promising but requires continuous political ambition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Austrian health system is much more complex and fragmented than in other OECD countries. In 2013 legislation was adopted to enhance efficiency through better balancing care provision across providers by promoting new primary care models and better coordination of care. Reform objectives should be achieved by cooperative and unified decision making across key stakeholders and by adherence to a budget cap that prescribes fiscal containment on the order of 3.4 billion Euros until 2016. This is priced into the envisaged savings of the current consolidation program. Efforts have been made to bridge the accountability divide by establishing agreements and administrative layers to govern the health system by objectives. Yet, more could have been achieved. For example, cross-stakeholder pooling of funds for better contracting governance and effective purchasing across care settings could have been introduced. This would have required addressing overcapacity and fragmentation within social security. At the same time, legal provisions for cooperative governance between Sickness Funds and the governments on the regional level should have been stipulated. The Austrian 2013 reform is interesting to other countries as it aims to ensure better-balanced care at a sustainable path by employing a public management approach to governance relations across key payers of care.

Maria M. Hofmarcher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Autothermal Cyclic Reforming Based H2 Generating & Dispensing System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Michael Manning Praxair Mike Jones and Mike Flaherty BP Review on DOE Contract # DE-FC04-01AL67614 May 2003 #12;Praxair/ BP 2 Goals & Approach Cost of Delivered H2 the targets #12;Praxair/ BP 3 Schedule & Milestones ID 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Task

362

Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Department for Education: Reforming Key Stage 4 qualifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Reforming Key Stage 4 qualifications December 2012 Department for Education: Reforming Key Stage 4 science skills. 2. We are pleased to have the opportunity to respond to the consultation on reforms to Key consultations on the reform to curriculum and assessment at various stages of schooling. There is an opportunity

Rambaut, Andrew

363

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual Consultation: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform -July 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GCSE, AS and A Level Reform - July 2014 1 Ofqual: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform Response core content in partnership does not deter exam boards from reforming worthwhile qualifications. 5: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform - July 2014 2 6. Under the new proposals, exam boards will be required

Rambaut, Andrew

364

BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Pressure Steam Reforming of High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids S. Ahmed, S. Lee, D. Papadias, and R. Kumar November 6, 2007 Laurel, MD Research sponsored by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program of DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Rationale and objective Rationale „ Steam reforming of liquid fuels at high pressures can reduce hydrogen compression costs - Much less energy is needed to pressurize liquids (fuel and water) than compressing gases (reformate or H 2 ) „ High pressure reforming is advantageous for subsequent separations and hydrogen purification Objective „ Develop a reformer design that takes advantage of the savings in compression cost in the steam reforming bio-derived liquid fuels - Metric:

365

GERMAN REFORMS AFFECT DRUG R&D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the national health care system, insurers pay for consumers' prescription drugs and get a 6% rebate from manufacturers to help contain costs; the remainder ... ...

PATRICIA SHORT

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

System for the co-production of electricity and hydrogen  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein is a system for the co-generation of hydrogen gas and electricity, wherein the proportion of hydrogen to electricity can be adjusted from 0% to 100%. The system integrates fuel cell technology for power generation with fuel-assisted steam-electrolysis. A hydrocarbon fuel, a reformed hydrocarbon fuel, or a partially reformed hydrocarbon fuel can be fed into the system.

Pham, Ai Quoc (San Jose, CA); Anderson, Brian Lee (Lodi, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

367

Phase 2 TWR Steam Reforming Test for Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment  

SciTech Connect

About one million gallons of acidic, hazardous, and radioactive sodium-bearing waste (SBW) is stored in stainless steel tanks a the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), which is a major operating facility of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Steam reforming is a candidate technology being investigated for converting the SBW into a road ready waste form that can be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico for interment. Fluidized bed steam reforming technology, licensed to ThermoChem Waste Remediation, LLC (TWR) by Manufacturing Technology Conversion International, was tested in two phases using an INEEL (Department of Energy) fluidized bed test system located at the Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) Science and Technology Applications Research Center in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The Phase 1 tests were reported earlier. The Phase 2 tests are reported here. For Phase 2, the process feed rate, reductant stoichiometry, and process temperature were varied to identify and demonstrate how the process might be optimized to improve operation and product characteristics. The first week of testing was devoted primarily to process chemistry and the second week was devoted more toward bed stability and particle size control.

Nicholas R. Soelberg; Doug Marshall; Dean Taylor; Steven Bates

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Solar reforming of methane in a direct absorption catalytic reactor on a parabolic dish  

SciTech Connect

The concept of solar driven chemical reactions in a commercial-scale volumetric receiver/reactor on a parabolic concentrator was successfully demonstrated in the CAtalytically Enhanced Solar Absorption Receiver (CAESAR) test. Solar reforming of methane (CH{sub 4}) with carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) was achieved in a 64-cm diameter direct absorption reactor on a parabolic dish capable of 150 kW solar power. The reactor was a catalytic volumetric absorber consisting of a multi-layered, porous alumina foam disk coated with rhodium (Rh) catalyst. The system was operated during both steady-state and solar transient (cloud passage) conditions. The total solar power absorbed reached values up to 97 kW and the maximum methane conversion was 70%. Receiver thermal efficiencies ranged up to 85% and chemical efficiencies peaked at 54%. The absorber performed satisfactorily in promoting the reforming reaction during the tests without carbon formation. However, problems of cracking and degradation of the porous matrix, nonuniform dispersion of the Rh through the absorber, and catalyst deactivation due to sintering and possible encapsulation, must be resolved to achieve long-term operation and eventual commercialization. 17 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Muir, J.F.; Hogan, R.E. Jr.; Skocypec, R.D. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Buck, R. (Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Stuttgart (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Technische Thermodynamik)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hydrogen From MillHydrogen From Mill--Scale Waste Via MetalScale Waste Via Metal--Steam ReformingSteam Reforming INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Hydrogen From MillHydrogen From Mill--Scale Waste Via MetalScale Waste Via Metal--Steam ReformingSteam Reforming INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION Hydrogen is considered to be the ideal energy carrying medium for fuel and supplying hydrogen to the end user in more reversible, much simpler and far safer ways. Metal-steam

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

370

Reforming petroleum-based fuels for fuel cell vehicles : composition-performance relationships.  

SciTech Connect

Onboard reforming of petroleum-based fuels, such as gasoline, may help ease the introduction of fuel cell vehicles to the marketplace. Although gasoline can be reformed, it is optimized to meet the demands of ICEs. This optimization includes blending to increase the octane number and addition of oxygenates and detergents to control emissions. The requirements for a fuel for onboard reforming to hydrogen are quite different than those for combustion. Factors such as octane number and flame speed are not important; however, factors such as hydrogen density, catalyst-fuel interactions, and possible catalyst poisoning become paramount. In order to identify what factors are important in a hydrocarbon fuel for reforming to hydrogen and what factors are detrimental, we have begun a program to test various components of gasoline and blends of components under autothermal reforming conditions. The results indicate that fuel composition can have a large effect on reforming behavior. Components which may be beneficial for ICEs for their octane enhancing value were detrimental to reforming. Fuels with high aromatic and naphthenic content were more difficult to reform. Aromatics were also found to have an impact on the kinetics for reforming of paraffins. The effects of sulfur impurities were dependent on the catalyst. Sulfur was detrimental for Ni, Co, and Ru catalysts. Sulfur was beneficial for reforming with Pt catalysts, however, the effect was dependent on the sulfur concentration.

Kopasz, J. P.; Miller, L. E.; Ahmed, S.; Devlin, P. R.; Pacheco, M.

2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Long term savings decisions: Financial reform, peer effects and ethnicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In 2005, a drastic reform in the Israeli capital market shifted the power to choose savings vehicles from employers to individuals. Using a unique dataset from a large employer, this event provides us a rare window into individuals’ savings decisions and the effect of their social environment. In the first year following the reform's implementation, 7% of the employees switched out of the fund in which they all previously saved. Choice of fund was not associated with observable measures of fund performance, but was strongly affected by the employees’ social environment. Exploiting within-department variation in peer groups, we find that savings decisions were strongly influenced by the choices of co-workers from the same ethnic group. Interviews also point to the influence of non-professional colleagues.

Yevgeny Mugerman; Orly Sade; Moses Shayo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Addiction treatment centers' progress in preparing for health care reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is expected to significantly alter addiction treatment service delivery. Researchers designed the Health Reform Readiness Index (HRRI) for addiction treatment organizations to assess their readiness for the PPACA. Four-hundred twenty-seven organizations completed the HRRI throughout a 3-year period, using a four-point scale to rank their readiness on 13 conditions. HRRI results completed during two different time periods (between 10/1/2010–6/30/2011 and 9/1/2011–9/30/2012) were analyzed and compared. Most respondents self-assessed as being in the early stages of preparation for 9 of the 13 conditions. Survey results showed that organizations with annual budgets  $5 million (n = 132). The HRRI results suggest that the addiction field, and in particular smaller organizations, is not preparing adequately for health care reform; organizations that are making preparations are making only modest gains.

Todd D. Molfenter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

In situ Gas Conditioning in Fuel Reforming for Hydrogen Generation  

SciTech Connect

The production of hydrogen for fuel cell applications requires cost and energy efficient technologies. The Absorption Enhanced Reforming (AER), developed at ZSW with industrial partners, is aimed to simplify the process by using a high temperature in situ CO2 absorption. The in situ CO2 removal results in shifting the steam reforming reaction equilibrium towards increased hydrogen concentration (up to 95 vol%). The key part of the process is the high temperature CO2 absorbent. In this contribution results of Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) investigations on natural minerals, dolomites, silicates and synthetic absorbent materials in regard of their CO2 absorption capacity and absorption/desorption cyclic stability are presented and discussed. It has been found that the inert parts of the absorbent materials have a structure stabilizing effect, leading to an improved cyclic stability of the materials.

Bandi, A.; Specht, M.; Sichler, P.; Nicoloso, N.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modelling, simulation and sensitivity analysis of steam-methane reformers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mathematical model to calculate temperature, conversion and pressure profiles for static operations in steam-methane reformers was simulated. A rigorous kinetic model describing steam-methane reactions was compared to a first order one and an empirical heat distribution model was fitted to describe heat absorbed along the reactor length. A control interface was simulated to allow sensitivity analysis with different control schemes. The kinetic models were tested with data from industrial steam-gas reformers. Simulation results agreed with actual plant data for conversion, temperature and pressure. Nevertheless, the first order kinetic model gave unrealistic sensitivity results to pressure and steam-to-carbon ratio variations. The rigorous model could confidently be used for design analysis, control, and economic evaluation purposes.

I.M. Alatiqi; A.M. Meziou; G.A. Gasmelseed

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Catalyst and process for steam-reforming of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

An improved catalyst and an improved process for use of the catalyst in the steam-hydrocarbon reforming reaction are disclosed. The catalyst comprises a group VIII metal on a cylindrical ceramic support consisting essentially of alpha alumina and having a plurality of gas passages extending axially therethrough. These supported catalysts display a higher geometric surface area and a lower pressure drop than do standard rings.

Atwood, K.; Merriam, J.S.; Wright, J.H.

1980-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

Tax reform would renew R&D tax credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tax reform would renew R&D tax credit ... And among all the business tax incentives that are repealed or curtailed in the most recent Administration tax plan, the credit for R&D expenditures, which expires this year, is somewhat exceptional in that it would be renewed at least until Dec. 31,1988. ... However, as detailed in the Treasury Department's 460-page explanation of the tax proposal, the definition of qualifying research would be tightened. ...

1985-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

377

A comprehensive energy–exergy-based assessment and parametric study of a hydrogen production process using steam glycerol reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Various assessment tools are applied to comprehensively investigate a glycerol-to-hydrogen production system. These tools investigate the chemical reactions, design and simulate the entire hydrogen production process, study the energetic and exergetic performances and perform parametric analyses (using intuitive and design of experiment-based methods). Investigating the chemical reaction of steam glycerol reforming reveals that the optimal conditions, determined based on maximizing the hydrogen production while minimizing the methane and carbon monoxide contents and coke formation, can be achieved at a reforming temperature and a water-to-glycerol feed ratio (WGFR) of 950 K and 9, respectively. The thermal and exergetic efficiencies of the resulting process are 66.6% and 59.9%, respectively. These findings are lower than those cited in the literature and relative to other reformates (methane, ethanol and methanol). The parametric investigation indicates that the performance of the process (energetic and exergetic) could be ensured by using an appropriate and judiciously selected combination of the reactor temperature and WGFR. Based on the parametric energetic and exergetic investigation, WGFR = 6 and T = 1100 K appear to be the most accurate parameters for the entire glycerol-to-hydrogen process. For this recommend configuration, the thermal and exergetic efficiencies are 78.1% and 66.1%, respectively.

Noureddine Hajjaji; Amna Chahbani; Zouhour Khila; Marie-Noëlle Pons

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Payment reform and changes in health care in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is intended to assess the primary effects on cost, utilization and quality of care from payment reform of capitation and open enrollment in Changde city, Hunan Province of China. Open enrollment policy was introduced to deal with possible cream skimming associated with capitation. Based on the longitudinal Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) Household Survey, this study analyses the URBMI data through a set of regression models. The original data included over five thousand inpatient admissions during the study period between 2008 and 2010. The study finds the payment reform to reduce its inpatient out-of-pocket cost by 19.7%, out-of-pocket ratio by 9.5%, and length of stay by 17.7%. However, the total inpatient cost, drug cost ratio, treatment effect, and patient satisfaction showed little difference between Fee-For-Service and capitation models. We conclude that the payment reform in Changde did not reduce overall inpatient expenditure, but it decreased the financial risk and length of stay of inpatient patients without compromising quality of care. The findings would contribute to the health care payment literatures from developing countries and open further research tracks on the ability of open enrollment to compensate for capitation drawbacks.

Chen Gao; Fei Xu; Gordon G. Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Real-Time Welfare-Maximizing Regulation Allocation in Dynamic Aggregator-EVs System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

external energy sources for the aggregator. The algorithm operates in real time and does not require any prevalent in the near future. For example, from one report of the U.S. department of energy [1 of transportation, EVs can also be used as distributed electricity generation/storage devices when plugged-in [2

Liang, Ben

380

Civil and environmental engineers are a critical component in supporting the global economy, securing the health and welfare of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, securing the health and welfare of diverse communities, improving the quality of life, and maintaining and supply chain solutions; Wind, wave and tidal energy; Solar power using hydrodynamics; Microbial fuel. ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH Water quality and treatment; Wastewater reclamation and reuse; Health effects of air

Jacobs, Laurence J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Soft coal, hard choices: The economic welfare of bituminous coal miners, 1890-1930  

SciTech Connect

Price Fishback, an economist at the University of Arizona, has looked backward and studied the economic welfare of the bituminous coal miner during the industry's ascendancy, from 1890 to 1930. The result is an impressive work which should be of interest to all students of Appalachia. His account combines economic theory and quantitative evidence to examine the historical record. There are chapters on the coal market during the period as well as appendices presenting the technical basis for the author's work. Chapters are devoted to a discussion of wages and the role of the unions, accident/safety legislation and workers compensation. Living conditions in the company town and the role of the company store are explored as well as the economic development of the region. Labor shortages, subsequent hiring of minorities, and the social problems associated with discrimination and segragation are discussed. Finally, Fishback examines the strike data and draws conclusions about why miners chose to strike.

Fishback, P.V.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Steam Reforming of Bio-oil, Naphtha  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen production by catalytic steam reforming of the bio-oil, naphtha, and CH4 was investigated over a novel metal-doped catalyst of (Ca24Al28O64)4+4O?/Mg (C12A7-Mg). The catalytic steam reforming was investigated from 250 to 850°C in the fixed-bed continuous flow reactor. For the reforming of bio-oil, the yield of hydrogen of 80% was obtained at 750°C, and the maximum carbon conversion is nearly close to 95% under the optimum steam reforming condition. For the reforming of naphtha and CH4, the hydrogen yield and carbon conversion are lower than that of bio-oil at the same temperature. The characteristics of catalyst were also investigated by XPS. The catalyst deactivation was mainly caused by the deposition of carbon in the catalytic steam reforming process.

Yue Pan; Zhao-xiang Wang; Tao Kan; Xi-feng Zhu; Quan-xin Li

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

PROCS-VERBAL DE DPOUILLEMENT ELECTIONS A LA COMMISSION DE REFORME DE L'IRD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCÃ?S-VERBAL DE DÃ?POUILLEMENT ELECTIONS A LA COMMISSION DE REFORME DE L'IRD SCRUTIN DU 6 MAI 2009 TALAMOND, Catherine BONTE #12;PROCÃ?S-VERBAL DE DÃ?POUILLEMENT ELECTIONS A LA COMMISSION DE REFORME DE L BONTE #12;PROCÃ?S-VERBAL DE DÃ?POUILLEMENT ELECTIONS A LA COMMISSION DE REFORME DE L'IRD SCRUTIN DU 6 MAI

384

Working Group Meeting Presentation Guidance at a Glance Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(75%) Char (13%) Gas (12%) Catalytic Auto-thermal Reforming of Bio-Oil at 650oC: 0.71 CH1.98O0.76 + 0 Case (Ethanol Case) Bio-oil Storage Tank $106,040 Reformer $803,000 Shift Reactor, PSA, BOP $1 Oils DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting November 6

385

Idle catalytic reformer can be converted to isomerization unit or jet-fuel treater  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the economic advantages in conversion of catalytic reformers idled by reduced demand or rendered obsolete by replacement with modern technology. An older semi-regenerative reformer can be converted to a modern C4 or C5/C6 isomerization unit or to a kerosene hydrotreater to meet jet fuel specifications. Reactor design parameters operating conditions, and equipment sizing required for the highly endothermic reforming process are discussed.

Cobb, D.D.; Chapel, D.G.

1985-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

386

Retail restructuring in urban China in the reform era: the case of Beijing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the radical economic restructuring and urban transformation in urban China in the reform era through a detailed investigation into the retail sector… (more)

Wang, Enru

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Modeling of membrane reactor for steam methane reforming: From granular to structured catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different types and operating modes of a tubular membrane reactor for steam methane reforming with a production rate of 0.6...

A. B. Shigarov; V. A. Kirillov

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Computational heterogeneous catalysis applied to steam methane reforming over nickel and nickel/silver catalysts .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The steam methane reforming (SMR) reaction is the primary industrial means for producing hydrogen gas. As such, it is a critical support process for applications… (more)

Blaylock, Donnie Wayne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Methane Steam Reforming in Hydrogen-permeable Membrane Reactor for Pure Hydrogen Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steam reforming of methane over a ruthenium catalyst has been carried ... hydrogen separation from the reaction mixture, the methane conversion significantly exceeds the equilibrium value, which ... an important ...

Yasuyuki Matsumura; Jianhua Tong

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Health Care 2009: The Burden of Health Care Costs for Working Families — Implications for Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On June 2, 2009, President Barack Obama's Council of Economic Advisers released a report examining the economic case for health care reform, in which they underscored the importance of cost containment to the long-term sustainability of any reform. Despite widespread recognition of the importance of... On June 2, 2009, President Barack Obama's Council of Economic Advisers released a report examining the economic case for health care reform, in which they underscored the importance of cost containment to the long-term sustainability of any reform.1 ...

Polsky D.; Grande D.

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

391

The Tablighi Jamaat in Bangladesh and the UK: an ethnographic study of an Islamic reform movement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Jamaat, a transnational Islamic reform movement, which originated in India in the 1920s. The movement claims to reinforce faith by preaching among Muslims. Tablighi Jamaat… (more)

Siddiqi, Mohammad

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

From plan to practice: implementing SB 617, California's regulatory review reform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??SB 617 (Calderon & Pavley, 2011) is an ambitious experiment to improve state regulations and increase government transparency. The statute reforms California’s regulatory review process… (more)

Marin, Angela K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China: Resources Population Rice Fruit #12;12 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics dominate domestic production

Kammen, Daniel M.

394

The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

El Universal, Caracas, Venezuela. Bengelsdorf, Carollee.Crisis and Reform in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican2):27-61. Datamonitor. (2004). “Venezuela Country Profile. ”

Page, Tiffany Linton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Regulatory Reform in the Wake of the Financial Crisis of 2007—2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse regulatory reform in the wake of the financial crisis of 2007-2008.

Lo, Andrew W.

396

Distributed Reforming of Renewable Liquids via Water Splitting using Oxygen Transport Membrane (OTM) (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

397

BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

398

Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

399

Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier. 10 figs.

Dederer, J.T.; Hager, C.A.

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier.

Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Mars, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

E-Print Network 3.0 - abortion law reform Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Hagen Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 30 Health Care Reform Law Challenged in Courts President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, signed into...

402

Efficiency impacts of the Chinese industrial transition: a quantitative evaluation of reforms in the coal industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explains the variation in technical efficiency across firms due to transitional reforms. A translog stochastic frontier production method incorporating regional heterogeneity and technical change is ap...

Xunpeng Shi; R. Quentin Grafton

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Production of high-octane gasoline on a semi-industrial catalytic reforming plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments have been carried out on the catalytic reforming at a pressure of 20 atm of a wide, straight-run gasoline fraction on an experimental industrial plant.

A. P. Fedorov; G. N. Maslyanskii…

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

At the Nexus of Social Policy and Capital Markets: Pension Reform and Enterprise Governance in Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Company Pension Schemes in Germany,” Monthly Report, March.2001. “Pension Reform in Germany,” draft chapter in R. Kentof Stakeholderism in Germany,”forthcoming, Industrielle

Ziegler, J. Nicholas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A systems-level methodology for the analysis of inland waterway infrastructure disruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inland waterways are vital to the Nation’s economic strength, and to the health and welfare of the American people. This paper describes an end-to-end systems analysis methodology for inland waterways that inc...

Steve Folga; Tim Allison; Yazmin Seda-Sanabria…

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Autothermal and partial oxidation reformer-based fuel processor, method for improving catalyst function in autothermal and partial oxidation reformer-based processors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a fuel processor comprising a linear flow structure having an upstream portion and a downstream portion; a first catalyst supported at the upstream portion; and a second catalyst supported at the downstream portion, wherein the first catalyst is in fluid communication with the second catalyst. Also provided is a method for reforming fuel, the method comprising contacting the fuel to an oxidation catalyst so as to partially oxidize the fuel and generate heat; warming incoming fuel with the heat while simultaneously warming a reforming catalyst with the heat; and reacting the partially oxidized fuel with steam using the reforming catalyst.

Ahmed, Shabbir; Papadias, Dionissios D.; Lee, Sheldon H. D.; Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Low-Cost Hydrogen-from-Ethanol: A Distributed Production System (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen-from- Hydrogen-from- Ethanol: A Distributed Production System Presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting Laurel, Maryland Tuesday, November 6, 2007 H 2 Gen Innovations, Inc. Alexandria, Virginia www.h2gen.com 2 Topics * H 2 Gen Reformer System Innovation * Natural Gas Reformer - Key performance metrics - Summary unique H2A inputs * Ethanol Reformer - Key performance metrics - Summary unique H2A inputs * Questions from 2007 Merit Review 3 H 2 Gen Innovations' Commercial SMR * Compact, low-cost 115 kg/day natural gas reformer proven in commercial practice [13 US Patents granted] * Built-in, unique, low-cost PSA system * Unique sulfur-tolerant catalyst developed with Süd Chemie 4 DOE Program Results * Task 1- Natural Gas Reformer Scaling:

408

The Effect of Malpractice Reform on Emergency Department Care  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...factors, not explicitly modeled, that are stable over time, such as teaching status or certain features of state tort law. In sensitivity analyses, we tested the effect of omitting the diagnosis covariates, since diagnosis might be affected by the physician's decision regarding admission, and the effect... One aim of malpractice reform has been to reduce the practice of defensive medicine. Laws in three states that changed the malpractice standard for emergency care to gross negligence did not substantially influence practice intensity in emergency departments.

Waxman D.A.Greenberg M.D.Ridgely M.S.Kellermann A.L.Heaton P.

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

409

Report of the Committee on Legislation and Regulatory Reform  

SciTech Connect

The report of the Committee on Legislation and Regulatory Reform covers legislative developments in the first session and early second session of the 102nd Congress. This Congress has been especially active on energy matters. The Persian Gulf War, the release of the President's National Energy Strategy (NES), and other factors created the impetus for consideration of comprehensive energy legislation. The report is divided into three parts. The first part describes the comprehensive energy legislation pending before the Congress. The second part describes pending environmental legislation. The third part of the report describes miscellaneous Congressional activity that should be of interest.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A study of land reform and its impact in the Greater Letaba Local Municipality of the Mopani District in the Limpopo Province.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since the dawn of democracy in South Africa, numerous land reform projects have been approved by the Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform. This… (more)

Malahlela, Tebogo.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Computational Investigation of the Thermochemistry and Kinetics of Steam Methane Reforming Over a Multi-Faceted Nickel Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A microkinetic model of steam methane reforming over a multi-faceted nickel surface using ... on the Ni(100) surface. The primary reforming pathway is predicted to be through C* ... reactions are predicted to be ...

D. Wayne Blaylock; Yi-An Zhu; William H. Green

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-06-00192  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is for Chevron and NREL to collaborate in determining the effect of bio-oil composition variability on autothermal reforming performance including bio-oil volatilization, homogeneous oxidative cracking, and catalytic reforming.

Czernik, S.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Electron-induced dry reforming of methane in a temperature-controlled dielectric barrier discharge reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry reforming of methane has the potential to reduce the greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide and to generate hydrogen-rich syngas. In reforming methane, plasma-assisted reforming processes may have advantages over catalytic processes because they are free from coking and their response time for mobile applications is quick. Although plasma-assisted reforming techniques have seen recent developments, systematic studies that clarify the roles that electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry play are needed for a full understanding of the mechanisms of plasma-assisted reformation. Here, we developed a temperature-controlled coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) apparatus to investigate the relative importance of electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry in dry reforming of methane. In the tested background temperature range 297–773 K, electron-induced chemistry, as characterized by the physical properties of micro-discharges, was found to govern the conversions of CH4 and CO2, while thermo-chemistry influenced the product selectivities because they were found to depend on the background temperature. Comparisons with results from arc-jet reformation indicated that thermo-chemistry is an efficient conversion method. Our findings may improve designs of plasma-assisted reformers by using relatively hotter plasma sources. However, detailed chemical kinetic studies are needed.

Xuming Zhang; Min Suk Cha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a copyright reform on the EU level? Rainer Kuhlen University of Konstanz, HumboldtUniversity Berlin, IPR;Copyright reform on the EU level Extension of IPR in time Extension of IPR to living objects and other objects in nature Extension of IPR to software (still controversial, at least in the EU) Introduction

Kuhlen, Rainer

415

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform February 16, 2010 recommended formation of an ad hoc committee to evaluate opportunities for SFR and others in College. As a result, the Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform ad hoc Committee was established and given

Borenstein, Elhanan

416

Sir John Tomes FRS, Fellows of the Royal Society, and Dental Reform in the nineteenth Century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...637-639 (1991). 57 I. Loudon, Medical care and the general practitioner 1750-1850...Fellows of the Royal Society, and dental reform in the nineteenth century. | In this paper...profession of dentistry shared in the process of reform and scientific progress that engaged the...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

ENGINEERING SCALE UP OF RENEWABLE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY CATALYTIC STEAM REFORMING OF PEANUT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENGINEERING SCALE UP OF RENEWABLE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY CATALYTIC STEAM REFORMING OF PEANUT SHELLS, and academic organizations is developing a steam reforming process to be demonstrated on the gaseous byproducts of this engineering demonstration project. After an initial problem with the heaters that required modification

418

Do R&D and IT tax credits work? Evaluation of the Japanese tax reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our intention is to verify whether or not the tax reform plan can demonstrate benefits of which an impact can be felt in macroeconomic terms. We identify the significant effects of the tax reform plan and the difference in effects between R&D tax credit and IT investment tax credit.

Ichiro Sakata; Kenzo Fujisue; Hirokazu Okumura

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

HealtH reform and oHsu how we'll change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HealtH reform and oHsu how we'll change Health reform will touch all of oHsu's missions. the coming changes are about more than public policy and health insurance. We will see transformation in how care is delivered, how health professionals are trained and how we decide what health care to buy. oHsu's missions

Chapman, Michael S.

420

Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PWP-069 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms? Catherine D;1 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?1 By Catherine D. Wolfram2 Britain was one of the first countries to liberalize its electricity industry when it restructured and privatized

California at Berkeley. University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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421

Electrochemical Removal of Carbon Monoxide in Reformate Hydrogen for Fueling Proton Exchange Membrane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrochemical Removal of Carbon Monoxide in Reformate Hydrogen for Fueling Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Sivagaminathan Balasubramanian, Charles E. Holland,* and John W. Weidner*,z Center in reformate hydrogen. In this design, the potential and gas flow are switched between the two filter cells so

Weidner, John W.

422

Inaugural Lecture The Politics of Belief and U.S. Health Care Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Inaugural Lecture The Politics of Belief and U.S. Health Care Reform Joseph White Ph.D John G will not pretend to fully explain the politics of health care reform in the U.S.. I could make many other caveats is to give you some interesting ideas that you might use in thinking about American government. Health care

Oxford, University of

423

GOVERNMENT VERSUS GOVERNANCE AS A FRAMEWORK Government versus Governance as a Framework to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

branch, the oil company PEMEX' union, other critics of the reform among a part of the left party Partido

Texas at Austin, University of

424

Consumer’s Surplus with a Racial Apology? Black Relative to Non-Black Inequality in the Welfare Gains of Fuel-Efficient Cars and Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers whether race conditions the welfare gains associated with the purchase of cars and trucks that comply with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency Sta...

Juliet U. Elu; Gregory N. Price

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Immigration Policy, Labor Market Regulation and the Welfare State: A Comprehensive Look at Immigrant Labor Market Integration in Germany, Great Britain, the United States and Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Welfare State in Germany and the United States:of Male Immigrants in Germany, European Sociological Review:in the United States and Germany. New York: Berghahn Books;

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fiftieth CCR reformer goes on stream in Germany  

SciTech Connect

The fiftieth continuous catalytic reformer built since this technology was introduced by UOP Process Division in 1971 has gone on stream in West Germany. The 21,300-b/sd unit is in Deutsche Shell AG's Godorf refinery. It is the sixth such unit put in service by Shell International. Others are in refineries at Harburg, West Germany; Shellhaven, England; Palau Bokum, Singapore; Pernis, Netherlands; and Geelong, Australia. CCR units operate at much higher severity than older reforming units. Severity is a function of higher octane, lower pressure, and feedstock. The operating severity or catalyst deactivation rate may be 20 times that of high pressure, low octane units. Continuous catalyst regeneration is then the key for maintaining long-term operations at steady state conditions. To facilitate continuous catalyst regeneration, the three reactors are stacked. This design permits the catalyst to move in essentially plug flow through the reactors at a rate determined by the rate of catalyst withdrawal to the regeneration section.

Not Available

1985-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Modified Ni-Cu catalysts for ethanol steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

Three Ni-Cu catalysts, having different Cu content, supported on ?-alumina were synthesized by wet co-impregnation method, characterized and tested in the ethanol steam reforming (ESR) reaction. The catalysts were characterized for determination of: total surface area and porosity (N{sub 2} adsorption - desorption using BET and Dollimer Heal methods), Ni surface area (hydrogen chemisorption), crystallinity and Ni crystallites size (X-Ray Diffraction), type of catalytic active centers (Hydrogen Temperature Programmed Reduction). Total surface area and Ni crystallites size are not significantly influenced by the addition of Cu, while Ni surface area is drastically diminished by increasing of Cu concentration. Steam reforming experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure, temperature range 150-350°C, and ethanol - water molar ration of 1 at 30, using Ar as carrier gas. Ethanol conversion and hydrogen production increase by the addition of Cu. At 350°C there is a direct connection between hydrogen production and Cu concentration. Catalysts deactivation in 24h time on stream was studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) on used catalysts. Coke deposition was observed at all studied temperatures; at 150°C amorphous carbon was evidenced, while at 350°C crystalline, filamentous carbon is formed.

Dan, M.; Mihet, M.; Almasan, V.; Borodi, G. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Street, 400293, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Street, 400293, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Katona, G.; Muresan, L. [Univ. Babes Bolyai, Fac. Chem. and Chem. Eng.,11 Arany Janos, 400028, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Univ. Babes Bolyai, Fac. Chem. and Chem. Eng.,11 Arany Janos, 400028, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Lazar, M. D., E-mail: diana.lazar@itim-cj.ro [65-103 Donath Street (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

428

Catalytic Reforming Downstream Processing of Fresh Feed Input  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Process: Catalytic Reforming Catalytic Cracking Catalytic Hydrocracking Delayed and Fluid Coking Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Process: Catalytic Reforming Catalytic Cracking Catalytic Hydrocracking Delayed and Fluid Coking Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Process Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 2,563 2,667 2,739 2,807 2,705 2,609 2010-2013 PADD 1 176 178 180 173 156 167 2010-2013 East Coast 166 164 163 161 140 153 2010-2013 Appalachian No. 1 9 14 16 12 15 14 2010-2013 PADD 2 642 638 668 695 677 615 2010-2013 Ind., Ill. and Ky. 426 411 426 460 450 399 2010-2013 Minn., Wis., N. Dak., S. Dak. 67 62 70 72 72 57 2010-2013 Okla., Kans., Mo.

429

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/bali_2_copenhagen_dom_policy_lessons.pdf The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Screenshot References: The Lessons of Practice[1] Summary "The objectives of this paper are threefold: to review experience to date with policy reforms that can help mitigate climate change, to review work

430

Hydrogen production in Multi-Channel Membrane Reactor via Steam Methane Reforming and Methane Catalytic Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel Multi-Channel Membrane Reactor (MCMR) was designed and built for the small-scale production of hydrogen via Steam Methane Reforming (SMR). The prototype alternates an SMR gas channel to produce hydrogen catalytically, with a Methane Catalytic Combustion (MCC) gas channel to provide the heat of reaction needed by the endothermic reforming. A palladium–silver membrane inside the reforming gas channel shifts the reaction equilibrium, allowing lower operating temperatures, and producing pure hydrogen in a single vessel. Using an innovative air-spray coating technique, channels were coated with Ru–MgO–La2O3/?-Al2O3 and Pd/?-Al2O3 catalyst particles for the SMR and MCC reactions, respectively. Results for the proof-of-concept MCMR showed that methane conversion in the reformer of 91% and a hydrogen purity in excess of 99.99% were possible with the reformer operating at 570 °C and 15 bar.

Alexandre Vigneault; John R. Grace

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Forging growth by governing the market in reform-era urban China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China’s accelerating urban growth over the past decade has been examined from the perspectives of state devolution or place-making initiatives. Relatively little has been written to contextualize the burgeoning urbanism in China’s reform and the resultant changing relationship between state and market. Through an investigation of fiscal and land use reforms since the mid-1990s, this paper argues that China’s gradual and partial reform has fundamentally re-engineered local states from inward-looking market actors running business to entrepreneurial market governors controlling land supply. Though this transition has triggered urban growth by levering manufacturing and real estate capital, it has also introduced constraints for future urban development by generating inter-regional tensions and making further reforms politically difficult. This paper concludes that sustainable urbanism requires a more clearly oriented and more holistic reform framework.

Lei Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Activity and structure of perovskites as diesel reforming catalysts for solid oxide fuel cells.  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in developing perovskite materials as more cost-effective catalysts in autothermal reforming (ATR) of diesel fuel to hydrogen-rich reformate for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) application is reported. Perovskite-type metal oxides with B sites partially exchanged by ruthenium were prepared and evaluated under ATR reaction conditions. The hydrogen yield, reforming efficiency, and CO{sub x} selectivity of these catalysts were investigated using diesel surrogate fuel with 50 ppm sulfur. The catalyst performances have approached or exceeded a benchmark, high-cost rhodium-based material. In parallel with the reactivity study, we also investigated the physical properties of B-site doped perovskites and their impact on the reforming performance using various characterization techniques such as BET, X-ray powder diffraction, temperature programmable reduction, scanning electron microscopy, and synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy. We found that ruthenium is highly dispersed into perovskite lattice and its redox behavior is directly associated with reforming activity.

Liu, D.-J.; Krumpelt, M.; Chemical Engineering

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Steam reforming of methane using double-walled reformer tubes containing high-temperature thermal storage Na2CO3/MgO composites for solar fuel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Double-walled reactor tubes containing thermal storage materials based on the molten carbonate salts—100 wt% Na2CO3 molten salt, 90 wt% Na2CO3/10 wt% MgO and 80 wt% Na2CO3/20 wt% MgO composite materials—were studied for the performances of the reactor during the heat charging mode, while those of methane reforming with steam during heat discharging mode for solar steam reforming. The variations in the temperatures of the catalyst and storage material, methane conversion, duration of reforming for obtaining high levels of methane conversion (>90%), higher heating value (HHV) power of reformed gas and efficiency of the reactor tubes were evaluated for the double-walled reactor tubes and a single-wall reactor tube without the thermal storage. The results for the heat charging mode indicated that the composite thermal storage could successfully store the heat transferred from the exterior wall of the reactor in comparison to the pure molten-salt. The double-walled reactor tubes with the 90 wt% Na2CO3/10 wt% MgO composite material was the most desirable for steam reforming of methane to realize large HHV amounts of reformed gas and higher efficiencies during heat-discharging mode.

Nobuyuki Gokon; Shohei Nakamura; Tsuyoshi Hatamachi; Tatsuya Kodama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Exhaust gas fuel reforming of Diesel fuel by non-thermal arc discharge for NOx trap regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Exhaust gas fuel reforming of Diesel fuel by non- thermal arc discharge for NOx trap regeneration to the reforming of Diesel fuel with Diesel engine exhaust gas using a non-thermal plasma torch for NOx trap Diesel fuel reforming with hal-00617141,version1-17May2013 Author manuscript, published in "Energy

Boyer, Edmond

435

Comedy, Science, and the Reform of Description in Lombard Painting of the Late Renaissance: Arcimboldo, Vincenzo Campi, and Bartolomeo Passerotti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comedy, Science, and the Reform of Description in Lombard Painting of the Late Renaissance, and the Reform of Description in Lombard Painting of the Late Renaissance: Arcimboldo, Vincenzo Campi, as part of an aesthetic "reform" of description and its critical reputation. Considering that all three

Salzman, Daniel

436

Fairness lost in immigration reform; Never before have sweeping changes to policies been undertaken with so little public debate or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fairness lost in immigration reform; Never before have sweeping changes to policies been undertaken reform is unique neither in terms of its controversial substance nor in its lack of meaningful democratic processes. In the past, major immigration reform has typically been the result of parliamentary deliberation

Handy, Todd C.

437

Reforming of Liquid Hydrocarbons in a Novel Hydrogen-Selective Membrane-Based Fuel Processor  

SciTech Connect

In this work, asymmetric dense Pd/porous stainless steel composite membranes were fabricated by depositing palladium on the outer surface of the tubular support. The electroless plating method combined with an osmotic pressure field was used to deposit the palladium film. Surface morphology and microstructure of the composite membranes were characterized by SEM and EDX. The SEM and EDX analyses revealed strong adhesion of the plated pure palladium film on the substrate and dense coalescence of the Pd film. Membranes were further characterized by conducting permeability experiments with pure hydrogen, nitrogen, and helium gases at temperatures from 325 to 450 C and transmembrane pressure differences from 5 to 45 psi. The permeation results showed that the fabricated membranes have both high hydrogen permeability and selectivity. For example, the hydrogen permeability for a composite membrane with a 20 {micro}m Pd film was 3.02 x 10{sup -5} moles/m{sup 2}.s.Pa{sup 0.765} at 450 C. Hydrogen/nitrogen selectivity for this composite membrane was 1000 at 450 C with a transmembrane pressure difference of 14.7 psi. Steam reforming of methane is one of the most important chemical processes in hydrogen and syngas production. To investigate the usefulness of palladium-based composite membranes in membrane-reactor configuration for simultaneous production and separation of hydrogen, steam reforming of methane by equilibrium shift was studied. The steam reforming of methane using a packed-bed inert membrane tubular reactor (PBIMTR) was simulated. A two-dimensional pseudo-homogeneous reactor model with parallel flow configuration was developed for steam reforming of methane. The shell volume was taken as the feed and sweep gas was fed to the inside of the membrane tube. Radial diffusion was taken into account for concentration gradient in the radial direction due to hydrogen permeation through the membrane. With appropriate reaction rate expressions, a set of partial differential equations was derived using the continuity equation for the reaction system and then solved by finite difference method with appropriate boundary and initial conditions. An iterative scheme was used to obtain a converged solution. Membrane reactor performance was compared to that in a traditional non-membrane packed-bed reactor (PBR). Their performances were also compared with thermodynamic equilibrium values achievable in a conventional non-membrane reactor. Numerical results of the models show that the methane conversions in the PBIMTR are always higher than that in the PBR, as well as thermodynamic equilibrium conversions. For instance, at a reaction pressure of 6 atm, a temperature of 650 C, a space velocity of 900/16.0 SCCM/gm{sub cat}, a steam to methane molar feed ratio of 3.0, a sweep ratio of 0.15, the conversion in the membrane reactor is about 86.5%, while the conversion in the non-membrane reactor is about 50.8%. The corresponding equilibrium conversion is about 56.4%. The effects on the degree of conversion and hydrogen yield were analyzed for different parameters such as temperature, reactor pressure, feed and sweep flow rate, feed molar ratio, and space time. From the analysis of the model results, it is obvious that the membrane reactor operation can be optimized for conversion or yield through the choice of proper operating and design parameters. Comparisons with available literature data for both membrane and non-membrane reactors showed a good agreement.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

438

NiW and NiRu Bimetallic Catalysts for Ethylene Steam Reforming: Alternative Mechanisms for Sulfur Resistance  

SciTech Connect

Previous investigations of Ni-based catalysts for the steam reforming of hydrocarbons have indicated that the addition of a second metal can reduce the effects of sulfur poisoning. Two systems that have previously shown promise for such applications, NiW and NiRu, are considered here for the steam reforming of ethylene, a key component of biomass derived tars. Monometallic and bimetallic Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported Ni and W catalysts were employed for ethylene steam reforming in the presence and absence of sulfur. The NiW catalysts were less active than Ni in the absence of sulfur, but were more active in the presence of 50 ppm H{sub 2}S. The mechanism for the W-induced improvements in sulfur resistance appears to be different from that for Ru in NiRu. To probe reasons for the sulfur resistance of NiRu, the adsorption of S and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} on several bimetallic NiRu alloy surfaces ranging from 11 to 33 % Ru was studied using density functional theory (DFT). The DFT studies reveal that sulfur adsorption is generally favored on hollow sites containing Ru. Ethylene preferentially adsorbs atop the Ru atom in all the NiRu (111) alloys investigated. By comparing trends across the various bimetallic models considered, sulfur adsorption was observed to be correlated with the density of occupied states near the Fermi level while C{sub 2}H{sub 4} adsorption was correlated with the number of unoccupied states in the d-band. The diverging mechanisms for S and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} adsorption allow for bimetallic surfaces such as NiRu that enhance ethylene binding without accompanying increases in sulfur binding energy. In contrast, bimetallics such as NiSn and NiW appear to decrease the affinity of the surface for both the reagent and the poison.

Rangan, M.; Yung, M. M.; Medlin, J. W.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Has Massachusetts health care reform worked for the working poor? Results from an analysis of opportunity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose Health care reform was introduced in Massachusetts (MA) in 2006 and serves as a model for what was subsequently introduced nationally as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Boston Area Community Health survey collected data before (2002–2005) and after (2006–2010) introduction of the MA health insurance mandate, providing a unique opportunity to assess its effects in a large, epidemiologic cohort. Methods We report on the apparent effects of the mandate on the same participants over time, focusing specifically on the vulnerable working poor (WP). We evaluated differences in subpopulations of interest at pre- and post-reform periods to explore whether MA health care reform resulted in an overall gain in insurance coverage. Results MA health care reform was associated with net gains in health insurance coverage overall and among the subgroups studied. Our findings suggest that despite being targeted by health care reform legislation, the WP in MA continue to report lower rates of insurance coverage compared with both the nonworking poor and the not poor. Conclusions MA health care reform legislation, including the expansion of Medicaid, resulted in substantial overall gains in coverage. Disparities in insurance coverage persist among some subgroups following health care reform implementation in MA. These results have important implications for health services researchers and policy makers, particularly in light of the ongoing implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

Liane J. Tinsley; Susan A. Hall; John B. McKinlay

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Vehicle type choice under the influence of a tax reform and rising fuel prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Differentiated vehicle taxes are considered by many a useful tool for promoting environmentally friendly vehicles. Various structures have been implemented in several countries, e.g. Ireland, France, The Czech Republic, and Denmark. In many countries the tax reforms have been followed by a steep change in new vehicle purchases toward more diesel vehicles and more fuel-efficient vehicles. The paper analyses to what extent a vehicle tax reform similar to the Danish 2007 reform may explain changes in purchasing behaviour. The paper investigates the effects of a tax reform, fuel price changes, and technological development on vehicle type choice using a mixed logit model. The model allows a simulation of the effect of car price changes that resemble those induced by the tax reform. This effect is compared to the effects of fuel price changes and technology improvements. The simulations show that the effect of the tax reform on fuel efficiency is similar to the effect of rising fuel prices while the effect of technological development is much larger. The conclusion is that while the tax reform appeared in the same year as a large increase in fuel efficiency, it seems likely that it only explains a small part of the shift in fuel efficiency that occurred and that the main driver was the technological development.

Stefan L. Mabit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

In silico search for novel methane steam reforming catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates a method for screening transition metal and metal alloy catalysts based on their predicted rates and stabilities for a given catalytic reaction. This method involves combining reaction and activation energies (available to the public via a web-based application 'CatApp') with a microkinetic modeling technique to predict the rates and selectivities of a prospective material. This paper illustrates this screening technique using the steam reforming of methane to carbon monoxide and hydrogen as a test reaction. While catalysts are already commercially available for this process, the method demonstrated in this paper is very general and could be applied to a wide range of catalytic reactions. Following the steps outlined herein, such an analysis could potentially enable researchers to understand reaction mechanisms on a fundamental level and, on this basis, develop leads for new metal alloy catalysts.

Yue Xu; Adam C Lausche; Shengguang Wang; Tuhin S Khan; Frank Abild-Pedersen; Felix Studt; Jens K Nørskov; Thomas Bligaard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Catalytic deactivation on methane steam reforming catalysts. 2. Kinetic study  

SciTech Connect

The kinetics of methane steam reforming reaction over an alumina-supported nickel catalyst was investigated at a temperature range of 640-740/sup 0/C in a flow reactor at atmospheric pressure. The experiments were performed varying the inlet concentration of methane, hydrogen, and water. A kinetic scheme of the Houghen-Watson type was satisfactorily proposed assuming the dissociative adsorption of CH/sub 4/ as the rate-limiting step, but this kinetic scheme can be easily replaced by a first-order kinetics (r/sub CH/4/sub / = kapparho/sub CH/4/sub /) for engineering purposes. Catalyst activation with H/sub 2/ and N/sub 2/ mixtures or with the reactant mixture results in the same extent of reaction.

Agnelli, M.E.; Ponzi, E.N.; Yeramian, A.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Steam reforming of gasification-derived tar for syngas production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, the steam reforming of tar was catalyzed by dolomite, Ni/dolomite, and Ni/CeO2 for syngas production under different reaction temperature and weight hourly space velocity (WHSV, h?1). The tar was the major side product from the biomass gasification. Current results revealed that the nickel doped catalyst on dolomite with CO2 in the feed stream yielded the highest H2 and syngas production among all reaction conditions. Comparing to the use of dolomite, when Ni–dolomites was used as catalyst, the yield of H2 increased by 33%, the yield of syngas increased by 7%, and the yield of CH4 decreased by 59%. It was also found that the yield of syngas, H2, or CO under the Ni/dolomite catalyst were significant higher (p  CO2 concentration in the feed stream > reaction temperature > weight hourly space velocity.

Alex C.-C. Chang; Lung-Shiang Chang; Cheng-You Tsai; Yu-Chun Chan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Chemical Looping Reforming for H2, CO and Syngas Production  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that the extension of CLC onto oxidants beyond air opens new, highly efficient pathways for production of ultra-pure hydrogen, activation of CO{sub 2} via reduction to CO, and are currently working on production of syngas using nanocomposite Fe-BHA. CLR hold great potential due to fuel flexibility and CO{sub 2} capture. Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is a novel clean combustion technology which offers an elegant and highly efficient route for fossil fuel combustion. In CLC, combustion of a fuel is broken down into two spatially separated steps. In the reducer, the oxygen carrier (typically a metal) supplies the stoichiometric oxygen required for fuel combustion. In the oxidizer, the oxygen-depleted carrier is then re-oxidized with air. After condensation of steam from the effluent of the reducer, a high-pressure, high-purity sequestration-ready CO{sub 2} stream is obtained. In the present study, we apply the CLC principle to the production of high-purity H{sub 2}, CO, and syngas streams by replacing air with steam and/or CO{sub 2} as oxidant, respectively. Using H{sub 2}O as oxidant, pure hydrogen streams can be obtained. Similarly, using CO{sub 2} as oxidant, CO is obtained, thus opening an efficient route for CO{sub 2} utilization. Using steam and CO{sub 2} mixtures for carrier oxidation should thus allow production of syngas with adjustable CO:H{sub 2} ratios. Overall, these processes result in Chemical Looping Reforming (CLR), i.e. the net overall reaction is the steam and/or dry reforming of the respective fuel.

Bhavsar,Saurabh; Najera,Michelle; Solunke,Rahul; Veser,Götz

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

445

Efficient Utilization of Greenhouse Gases in a Gas-to-Liquids Process Combined with CO2/Steam-Mixed Reforming and Fe-Based Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the reforming unit, CO2 reforming and steam reforming of methane are combined together to produce syngas in flexible composition. ... In the burner-type reformer, NG is used as a heating fuel, in order to reduce the consumption of NG, the vent gas can be applied to the burner to replace some part of NG as fuel. ...

Chundong Zhang; Ki-Won Jun; Kyoung-Su Ha; Yun-Jo Lee; Seok Chang Kang

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

446

Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts Hua Song Lingzhi Zhang Umit S. Ozkan* November 6 th , 2007 Heterogeneous Catalysis Research Group Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210 *Ozkan.1@osu.edu Biomass to Hydrogen (Environmentally Friendly) Plant cultivation Plant cultivation Saccharification Saccharification / / Fermentation Fermentation Anaerobic digestion Anaerobic digestion Residues of Residues of agroindustries agroindustries and cultivations and cultivations Municipal Solid Waste Municipal Solid Waste (organic fraction) (organic fraction) Distillation Distillation Reformation of ethanol

447

,"Catalytic Reforming Downstream Processing of Fresh Feed Input"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Catalytic Reforming Downstream Processing of Fresh Feed Input" Catalytic Reforming Downstream Processing of Fresh Feed Input" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Catalytic Reforming Downstream Processing of Fresh Feed Input",16,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2010" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_dwns_a_(na)_ydr_mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_dwns_a_(na)_ydr_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

448

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy held a kick-off meeting for the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) on October 24, 2006, in Baltimore, Maryland. The Working Group is addressing technical challenges to distributed reforming of biomass-derived, renewable liquid fuels to hydrogen, including the reforming, water-gas shift, and hydrogen recovery and purification steps. The meeting provided the opportunity for researchers to share their experiences in converting bio-derived liquids to hydrogen with each other and with members of the DOE Hydrogen Production Technical Team.

449

How fuel composition affects on-board reforming for fuel cell vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

Different blends of gasoline range hydrocarbons were investigated to determine the effect of aromatic, naphthenic, and paraffinic content on performance in an autothermal reformer. In addition, we investigated the effects of detergent, antioxidant, and oxygenate additives. These tests indicate that composition effects are minimal at temperatures of 800C and above, but at lower temperatures or at high gas hourly space velocities (GHSV approaching 100,000 h{sup -1} ) composition can have a large effect on catalyst performance. Fuels high in aromatic and naphthenic components were more difficult to reform. In addition, additives, such as detergents and oxygenates were shown to decrease reformer performance at lower temperatures.

Kopasz, J. P.; Miller, L. E.; Applegate, D. V.; Chemical Engineering

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Fiscal consolidation in the euro area: How much pain can structural reforms ease?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The IMF's Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF) is used to examine the scope for structural reforms in the euro area to offset the negative impact of fiscal consolidation required to put public debt back on a sustainable path. The results suggest that structural reforms in core countries could be expected to offset the near-term negative impact on activity arising from the required fiscal consolidation. However, for the periphery, the results suggest that it would take several years before structural reforms could return the level of output back to its pre-consolidation path.

Derek Anderson; Benjamin Hunt; Stephen Snudden

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The role of civil society in health care reforms: An arena for hegemonic struggles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper argues that current mainstream understandings of civil society as ontologically different from the state and essentially positive (either normative or functionally) are problematic in order to understand the development of health care reforms. The paper proposes to ground an explanation of the role of civil society in health care reforms in a Gramscian understanding of civil society as analytically different from the state, and as an arena for hegemonic struggles. The study of health care reform in Israel serves as a case study for this claim.

Dani Filc

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Tar Reforming in Model Gasifier Effluents: Transition Metal/Rare Earth Oxide Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tar Reforming in Model Gasifier Effluents: Transition Metal/Rare Earth Oxide Catalysts ... So in this work we investigated the action of transition metal oxides (TMOs) other than Ni (e.g., Fe, Mn) mixed with REOs for tar reforming, at a medium temperature range (923–1073 K) and under conditions where direct reforming would dominate. ... The heated gas mixture passed through a 1/2” stainless steel tube containing 0.2–1 g of catalyst (40–60 mesh size) diluted with mullite and positioned between beds of ?-Al2O3. ...

Rui Li; Amitava Roy; Joseph Bridges; Kerry M. Dooley

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

453

Energy systems transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...as a consequence, the energy system as a whole more...probably is a time at which reform measures to create a...advisable in both the energy system and the financial...development of atomic energy [see, for example, Japan...platform in the Gulf of Mexico, the New York Stock Exchange...

A. T. C. Jérôme Dangerman; Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

FDI in retail sector India: structural reform more than a political reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our brief study, we try to address one of these market inefficiencies, by studying the Indian retail sector, which has posed as a structural defect causing a political battle rather than an economic one. We take a historical outlook to the contribution of retail and wholesale sector in our economy with respect to other sectors, before and after FDI was introduced. To prove this defect, we concentrate on two aspects of the retail sector. We discuss the present procurement and distribution system in the basic agricultural commodities which is majorly handled by the government agencies. We also brush along the outdated legislation which regulates the whole market and is the underlying cause of un-competitiveness in the sector. We analyse the views of skeptics and try to reason out some biases within their work. We conclude with recommendations that free market is better than a nationalised one.

Ankit Arora

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory (Maine) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory (Maine) An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Conservation An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory alters the makeup and responsibilities of Maine's Land Use Regulation Commission (LURC). It took effect on August 29, 2012 and changed the Commission's name to the Land Use Planning Commission. Under the Act, permitting review for significant projects, such as

456

Numerical simulation of micro/mini-channel based methane-steam reformer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Numerical modeling of methane-steam reforming is performed in a micro/mini-channel with heat input through catalytic channel walls. The low-Mach number, variable density Navier-Stokes equations together… (more)

Peterson, Daniel Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hydrogen production through CO2 sorption-enhanced methane steam reforming: Comparison between different adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-dimensional transient model has been developed to describe the catalytic methane reforming (MSR) coupled with simultaneous CO2...removal by different absorbents under non-isothermal, non-isobaric and non-ad...

YuMing Chen; YongChun Zhao; JunYing Zhang…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Steam Reforming of Methane Over Nickel: Development of a Multi-Step Surface Reaction Mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed multi-step reaction mechanism is developed for modeling steam reforming of methane over nickel-based catalysts. The mechanism also ... tested by simulating experimental investigations of SR of methane ...

L. Maier; B. Schädel; K. Herrera Delgado; S. Tischer; O. Deutschmann

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Methane Steam Reforming Kinetics on a Ni/Mg/K/Al2O3 Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The kinetics of methane steam reforming were studied on a Ni/Mg/K/...2O3...catalyst that was developed for conditioning of biomass-derived syngas. Reactions were conducted in a packed-bed reactor while the concen...

Allison M. Robinson; Megan E. Gin; Matthew M. Yung

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Use of Pd membranes in catalytic reactors for steam methane reforming for pure hydrogen production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This review analyzes publications on experimental studies and mathematical modeling in the field of development of a catalytic reformer (mainly, steam methane conversion) with a fixed catalytic bed. The specif...

A. B. Shigarov; V. D. Meshcheryakov…

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Thermally Coupled Catalytic Reactor for Steam Reforming of Methane and Liquid Hydrocarbons: Experiment and Mathematical Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An energy-efficient catalytic reactor for producing synthesis gas from methane and liquid hydrocarbons is proposed that is ... on the coupling of an endothermic reaction (steam reforming of methane, hexane, or is...

V. A. Kirillov; N. A. Kuzin; A. V. Kulikov…

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Kinetic studies of methane steam reforming on ceria-supported Pd  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steady-state, steam-reforming rates for methane were measured on model and high-surface-...5...and were higher even than rates reported in the literature for Ni catalysts. Model catalysts prepared with Pt or Rh o...

R. Craciun; B. Shereck; R.J. Gorte

463

Research and Development of a PEM Fuel Cell, Hydrogen Reformer, and Vehicle Refueling Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Technical paper on the development of a hydrogen reformer, vehicle refueling facility, and PEM fuel cell for Las Vegas, NV presented at the 2002 Annual Hydrogen Review held May 6-8, 2002 in Golden, CO.

464

Chemical Looping Autothermal Reforming at a 120 kW Pilot Rig  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical looping with selective oxygen transport allows two step combustion or autothermal reforming without mixing of fuel...4...conversion is achieved. Air/fuel ratio is varied at three different fuel reactor t...

Johannes Bofhàr-Nordenkampf; Tobias Pröll…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Biosyngas Production in an Integrated Aqueous-Phase Glycerol Reforming/Chemical Looping Combustion Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biosyngas Production in an Integrated Aqueous-Phase Glycerol Reforming/Chemical Looping Combustion Process ... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2010), 49 (21), 10826-10835 CODEN: IECRED; ISSN:0888-5885. ...

Ion Iliuta; Maria C. Iliuta

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

466

The risk of reform : privatisation and liberalisation in the Brazilian electric power industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1996, when Brazil was well-underway to privatising and liberalising its electric power industry, few would have predicted that within five years the reforms would be a shambles. Like its neighbors Argentina and Chile, ...

Tankha, Sunil, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Computational heterogeneous catalysis applied to steam methane reforming over nickel and nickel/silver catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steam methane reforming (SMR) reaction is the primary industrial means for producing hydrogen gas. As such, it is a critical support process for applications including petrochemical processing and ammonia synthesis. ...

Blaylock, Donnie Wayne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ethanol and E85 Reforming Assisted by a Non-thermal Arc Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol and E85 Reforming Assisted by a Non-thermal Arc Discharge ... The input electric power is expressed in terms of the percentage of Qfuel·LHVfuel, and is noted as %LHV. ... for electricity prodn. ...

Guillaume Petitpas; José Gonzalez-Aguilar; Adeline Darmon; Laurent Fulcheri

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

469

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Measurements for fuel reforming for scramjet thermal management and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Measurements for fuel reforming for scramjet, since even composite materials can't withstand the large heat load found in a Scramjet combustion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

470

Demonstration of a high-efficiency steam reformer for fuel cell power plant applications  

SciTech Connect

Full-scale tests of a new modular steam reformer confirm its suitability for a wide range of fuel cell power plant applications. This new fuel processor offers interested utilities excellent performance, operating flexibility, reliability, and maintainability.

Udengaard, N.R.; Christiansen, L.J.; Summers, W.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Working Families’ Tax Credit and Some European Tax Reforms in A Collective Setting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A framework for simplified implementation of the collective model of labor supply decisions is presented in the context of fiscal reforms in the UK. Through its collective form the model accounts for the well kno...

Michal Myck; Olivier Bargain; Miriam Beblo…

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

How Educational Data Mining Empowers State Policies to Reform Education: The Mexican Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, Mexico is living a full transformation in strategic areas such as: education, energy, finances, fiscal, and labor. This ... , the Federal Government has ordered an educational reform. A briefing of the ...

Alejandro Peña-Ayala; Leonor Cárdenas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Resurgence of Land Reform Policy and Agrarian Movements in Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

157 He invoked Amartya Sen’s notion of development asby access reform à la Amartya Sen” 166 (Winoto 2006:81, bolddengan reformasi akses ala Amartya Sen. to mention the NARP

Rachman, Noer Fauzi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The rules of ruling : charter reform in Los Angeles, 1850-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and officers face the charter as a constant constraint. If centralized purchasingand Purchasing Agent. The Mayor would appoint these officerspurchasing, campaign finance reform, strengthen the recall to cover appointed officials and create staggered elections for officers.

Ingram, James Warren

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Background Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Paper by Arlene Anderson and Tracy Carole presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group, with a focus on key drivers, purpose, and scope.

476

Admonition and the academy : installation, video, and performance art in Reform Era China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's Reform Era (1978-present) has seen the reinvigoration of academic, and artistic practice, and a rapprochement between the Chinese Communist Party and the intellectual elite. At its beginnings in the early- to ...

Oen, Karin Grace

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A life cycle assessment of hydrogen production via natural gas steam reforming was performed to examine the net emissions of greenhouse gases as well as other major environmental consequences.

478

Combined isomerization of overhead cuts of straight-run naphtha and reformate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technology was developed for combined isomerization of IBP-85°C overhead cuts of straight-run naphtha and reformate to reduce the benzene content in automotive gasolines. In comparison to the traditional technolo...

Nguen Van Ty

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Agency/Company /Organization: Stephen Karekezi and John Kimani Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421502000484 Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa Language: English This article is based on a regional study by the authors reviewing the status, challenges and prospects of ongoing and planned power sector reform in eastern and southern Africa with special emphasis on the implications

480

Extraction of aromatics from petroleum naphtha reformate by a 1-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone/ethylene carbonate mixed solvent  

SciTech Connect

The phase equilibria for the extraction of aromatics from petroleum naphtha reformate (with a boiling range of 338--403 K) using a mixed solvent of 1-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (CHP) and ethylene carbonate (EC) have been correlated using the universal function-group activity coefficients model (UNIFAC). The interaction parameters of CHP and EC with different hydrocarbon groups present in the reformate such as CH{sub 2} (paraffinic CH{sub 2}), ACH (aromatic CH), ACCH{sub 2} (aromatic CCH{sub 2}), and each of the two solvents have been fitted to experimental concentrations of three ternary systems that contain these groups. The extraction runs have been carried out at different temperatures, solvent compositions, and solvent-to-feed ratios. Experimental results compared favorably with those predicted from the UNIFAC method. The optimum extraction conditions were determined by calculation of the minimum energy of separation. In this study these conditions were found to be at a mixed solvent composition of 65% EC (by weight) and 35% CHP. The solvent-to-feed ratio was 1.8 on a volume basis, and the extraction temperature was 329 K.

Radwan, G.M.; Al-Muhtaseb, S.A.; Dowaidar, A.M.; Fahim, M.A. [United Arab Emirates Univ., Al-Ain (United Arab Emirates). Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Dept.] [United Arab Emirates Univ., Al-Ain (United Arab Emirates). Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Dept.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "welfare systems reforms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Three Stages Modeling of n-Octane Reforming Assisted by a Nonthermal Arc Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Stages Modeling of n-Octane Reforming Assisted by a Nonthermal Arc Discharge ... After a description of the model and its main assumptions, a parametric analysis of plasma reformer performance addressing the influence of plasma volume, H2O/C ratio, O/C ratio, and input electric power is presented. ... Most of them were particularly dealt with technologies based on arc discharges. ...

José Gonzalez-Aguilar; Guillaume Petitpas; Alexandre Lebouvier; Jean-Damien Rollier; Adeline Darmon; Laurent Fulcheri

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

482

Why PUHCA reform is likely in the 102nd Congress. [Public Utilities Holding Company Act (PUHCA)  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the reasons that it is likely that the 102nd Congress will pass legislation that will reform the Public Utilities Holding Company Act of 1935. The impetus provided by the Persian Gulf War, public opinion, the National Energy Plan and the National Independent Energy Producers (NIEP) is examined. Several proposals of the NIEP to guard against market abuses in the reforms are presented.

Welford, W.H. (Olwine, Connelly, Chase, O'Donnell and Weyher, Washington, DC (United States)); Elston, P.J. (Long Lake Energy Corp., New York, NY (United States))

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Reaction Profiles during Exhaust-Assisted Reforming of Diesel Engine Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction Profiles during Exhaust-Assisted Reforming of Diesel Engine Fuels ... The reforming efficiency was dependent on the fuel type and followed the general trend of bioethanol > rapeseed methyl ester > low-sulfur diesel fuel. ... The use of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) in diesel engines reduces nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions but results in an increased release of smoke and particulate matter (PM), as well as higher fuel consumption. ...

A. Tsolakis; A. Megaritis; S. E. Golunski

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

484

DATA QUALITY OBJECTIVES FOR SELECTING WASTE SAMPLES FOR BENCH-SCALE REFORMER TREATABILITY STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the data quality objectives to select archived samples located at the 222-S Laboratory for Bench-Scale Reforming testing. The type, quantity, and quality of the data required to select the samples for Fluid Bed Steam Reformer testing are discussed. In order to maximize the efficiency and minimize the time to treat Hanford tank waste in the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant, additional treatment processes may be required. One of the potential treatment processes is the fluidized bed steam reformer. A determination of the adequacy of the fluidized bed steam reformer process to treat Hanford tank waste is required. The initial step in determining the adequacy of the fluidized bed steam reformer process is to select archived waste samples from the 222-S Laboratory that will be used in a bench scale tests. Analyses of the selected samples will be required to confirm the samples meet the shipping requirements and for comparison to the bench scale reformer (BSR) test sample selection requirements.

BANNING DL

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

485

Methods of reforming hydrocarbon fuels using hexaaluminate catalysts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal substituted hexaaluminate catalyst for reforming hydrocarbon fuels to synthesis gas of the general formula AB.sub.yAl.sub.12-yO.sub.19-.delta., A being selected from alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and lanthanide metals or mixtures thereof. A dopant or surface modifier selected from a transitions metal, a spinel of an oxygen-ion conductor is incorporated. The dopant may be Ca, Cs, K, La, Sr, Ba, Li, Mg, Ce, Co, Fe, Ir, Rh, Ni, Ru, Cu, Pe, Os, Pd, Cr, Mn, W, Re, Sn, Gd, V, Ti, Ag, Au, and mixtures thereof. The oxygen-ion conductor may be a perovskite selected from M'RhO.sub.3, M'PtO.sub.3, M'PdO.sub.3, M'IrO.sub.3, M'RuO.sub.3 wherein M'=Mg, Sr, Ba, La, Ca; a spinel selected from MRh.sub.2O.sub.4, MPt.sub.2O.sub.4, MPd.sub.2O.sub.4, MIr.sub.2O.sub.4, MRu.sub.2O.sub.4 wherein M=Mg, Sr, Ba, La, Ca and mixtures thereof; a florite is selected from M''O.sub.2.

Gardner, Todd H. (Morgantown, WV); Berry, David A. (Morgantown, WV); Shekhawat, Dushyant (Morgantown, WV)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

486

DURABILITY TESTING OF FLUIDIZED BED STEAM REFORMER (FBSR) WASTE FORMS  

SciTech Connect

Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) is being considered as a potential technology for the immobilization of a wide variety of high sodium aqueous radioactive wastes. The addition of clay and a catalyst as co-reactants converts high sodium aqueous low activity wastes (LAW) such as those existing at the Hanford and Idaho DOE sites to a granular ''mineralized'' waste form that may be made into a monolith form if necessary. Simulant Hanford and Idaho high sodium wastes were processed in a pilot scale FBSR at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) Science and Technology Applications Research (STAR) facility in Idaho Falls, ID. Granular mineral waste forms were made from (1) a basic Hanford Envelope A low-activity waste (LAW) simulant and (2) an acidic INL simulant commonly referred to as sodium-bearing waste (SBW). The FBSR waste forms were characterized and the durability tested via ASTM C1285 (Product Consistency Test), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), and the Single Pass Flow Through (SPFT) test. The durability of the FBSR waste form products was tested in order to compare the measured durability to previous FBSR waste form testing on Hanford Envelope C waste forms that were made by THOR Treatment Technologies (TTT) and to compare the FBSR durability to vitreous LAW waste forms, specifically the Hanford low activity waste (LAW) glass known as the Low-activity Reference Material (LRM). The durability of the FBSR waste form is comparable to that of the LRM glass for the test responses studied.

Jantzen, C

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

487

Using Science to Improve the Nation's Health System: NIH's Commitment to Comparative Effectiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reform the US health care system. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been--and will continue; Health Policy; Medical Practice, Other; Quality of Care; Quality of Subscribe Email Alerts http health interventions yield the greatest benefits. Health reform and economic concerns may have moved

Bandettini, Peter A.

488

Comparison of the implementation of rock engineering system and analytic hierarchy process methods, upon landslide susceptibility mapping, using GIS: a case study from the Eastern Achaia County of Peloponnesus, Greece  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As landslides are very common in Greece, causing serious problems to the social and economic welfare of many communities, the implementation of a proper hazard analysis system will help the creation of a reliable...

D. Rozos; G. D. Bathrellos; H. D. Skillodimou

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Performance of the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Product Under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Currently, several candidates for secondary waste immobilization at the Hanford site in the State of Washington, USA are being considered. To demonstrate the durability of the product in the unsaturated Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) at the site, a series of tests have been performed one of the candidate materials using the Pressurized Unsaturated Flow (PUF) system. The material that was tested was the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) granular product and the granular product encapsulated in a geopolymer matrix. The FBSR product is composed primarily of an insoluble sodium aluminosilicate matrix with the dominant phases being feldspathoid minerals mostly nepheline, sodalite, and nosean. The PUF test method allows for the accelerated weathering of materials, including radioactive waste forms, under hydraulically unsaturated conditions, thus mimicking the open-flow and transport properties that most likely will be present at the IDF. The experiments show a trend of decreasing tracer release as a function of time for several of the elements released from the material including Na, Si, Al, and Cs. However, some of the elements, notably I and Re, show a steady release throughout the yearlong test. This result suggests that the release of these minerals from the sodalite cage occurs at a different rate compared with the dissolution of the predominant nepheline phase.

Neeway, James J.; Qafoku, Nikolla; Williams, Benjamin D.; Rod, Kenton A.; Bowden, Mark E.; Brown, Christopher F.; Pierce, Eric M.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Fuel processing for fuel cells: a model for fuel conversion and carbon formation in the adiabatic steam reformer  

SciTech Connect

In present fuel cell power plants the fuel processor is a catalytic steam reformer which is limited to the use of fuels such as naphtha and natural gas. The sulfur content of these feeds must be reduced to low levels by hydrotreatment before contacting the nickel catalyst in the reformer. However, future fuel cell power plants may be required to ue coal-derived liquid fuel or heavy petroleum distillates which are more difficult to hydrotreat and reform. To meet this requirement, an adiabatic steam reformer is being developed by United Technologies Corporation with the support of the Electric Power Research Institute. In the adiabatic reformer, air is added to the process stream to provide, by combustion, the heat for endothermic reforming in a catalyst bed. In the inlet section of the reformer, air and fuel combust, and reforming is initiated on special catalysts whose primary functon is to prevent formation and accumulation of carbon. Following the inlet section, catalysts with high activity for steam reforming complete the conversion of the remaining fuel, principally methane. The objective of the present program is to establish a reactor model for the adiabatic reformer which would predict process stream compositions and temperatures and include carbon formation processes. Progress is reported on the four tasks: (1) determine rate expressions for catalytic reactions occurring in the adiabatic reformer; (2) establish a reactor model to predict process stream compositions in the adiabatic reformer using data from Task 1 for cataytic reactions and data from the literature for homogeneous gas-phase reactions; (3) determine critical conditions for carbon formation on selected catalysts using microbalance experiments; and (4) establish a model to predict carbon formation by combination of the model for process stream composition from Task 2 and data for carbon formation from Task 3. (WHK)

Bett, J.A.S.; Cutlip, M.C.; Foley, P.F.; Lesieur, R.R.; Meyer, A.P.; Sederquist, R.A.; Setzer, H.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Method for the operation of internal combustion engines. [gasification reactor for reforming gasoline  

SciTech Connect

This is a method for the operation of internal combustion engines which is designed to decontaminate the exhaust gases. The method includes: feeding a gasification air stream into a gasification reactor; feeding fuel into the same gasification reactor; combining the fuel with the gasification air into a homogeneous fuel-air mixture in the gasification reactor; and converting the fuel-air mixture by partial combustion into a soot -free reformed gas. Then, the reformed gas is fed from the gasification reactor to a mixer where the reformed gas is mixed with combustion air and the reformed gas-air mixture is fed to the internal combustion engine for further combustion with the result that there is intensive decontamination of the exhaust gases which thereby reduces air pollution. The reformed gas temperature is adjusted low for maximum engine output, and is adjusted higher for lower engine temperatures in order to obtain a reformed gas which is richer in hydrogen and thereby produce exhaust gases which are lower in harmful substances. In reference to the exhaust gases in an internal combustion engine, this method achieves the highest possible degree of decontamination, not only of the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons , but also of the nitrous oxides in the exhaust gases. Using this method, the internal combustion engine can be operated not only with high-test, no-knock gasoline, but also with cheap, lead-free low octane, straight-run gasoline which is low in aromatics and olefins, which normally do not have no-knock properties, and the internal combustion engine can be operated with the lowest possible fuel consumption. The gasification reactor operates through chemical reaction in the presence of a catalyst. Optionally, this method may include a return of part of the reformed gas to the input of the gasification reactor.

Muhlberg, E.

1980-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

492

As the nation's health care system is transformed, the way OHSU educates new health care professionals is changing, too. We are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oregon's future health care workforce excels in this new era. HeAltH refOrm And edUcAtiOn THE fu 0 INTErProfESSIoNAL EDucATIoN IS kEY Health care reform will bring big changes to the systems that provide care. Ore- gon's Coordinated Care Organizations are one example of how health care reform

Chapman, Michael S.

493

Re-formation of the channel of the enisei river in the lower pool of the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. At first the main re-formation of the channel occurred in the immediate vicinity of the structures, with its ...

T. F. Avrova; A. I. Kuznetsov

1968-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Zur Bedeutung der Diskussion zur Reform der Eingliederungshilfe für die Wohnungslosenhilfe – Verlagerung der Steuerungsverantwortung und verstärkte Wirksamkeitskontrollen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seit 2003 wird über die Weiterentwicklung der Eingliederungshilfe für behinderte Menschen diskutiert. Der grundlegende Ansatz der unter dem Begriff „Reform der Eingliederungshilfe“ geführten fachpolitischen Disku...

Johannes Lippert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Hydrogen production from methane steam reforming: parametric and gradient based optimization of a Pd-based membrane reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work three mathematical models for methane steam reforming in membrane reactors were developed. The first ... , the influence of five important parameters on methane conversion (X ...

Leandro C. Silva; Valéria V. Murata; Carla E. Hori…

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effect of nickel loading on the activity of Ni/ZrO2 for methane steam reforming at low temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of Ni loading on the catalytic activity of Ni/ZrO2 catalyst for methane steam reforming was investigated. The sample containing 15 wt...

Long Q. Nguyen; Leonila C. Abella…

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Simultaneous carbon dioxide and steam reforming of methane to syngas over NiO-CaO catalyst  

SciTech Connect

Steam reforming, Co{sub 2} reforming, and simultaneous steam and CO{sub 2} reforming of methane to CO and H{sub 2} over NiO-CaO catalyst (without any prereduction treatment) at different temperatures (700--850 C) and space velocities (5000--70,000 cm{sup 3}/g{center_dot}h) are investigated. The catalyst is characterized by XRD, XPS, and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). The catalyst showed high activity/selectivity in both the steam and CO{sub 2} reforming reactions and the simultaneous steam and CO{sub 2} reforming. In the CO{sup 2} reforming, the coke deposition on the catalyst is found to be very fast. However, when the CO{sub 2} reforming is carried out simultaneously with the steam reforming, the coke deposition on the catalyst is drastically reduced. By the simultaneous CO{sub 2} and steam reforming (at {ge} 800 C and space velocity of about 20,000--30,000 cm{sup 3}/g{center_dot}h)m methane can be converted almost completely to syngas with 100% selectivity for both CO and H{sub 2}. The H{sub 2}/CO ratio in products can be varied between 1.5 and 2.5 quite conveniently by manipulating the relative concentration of steam and CO{sub 2} in the feed.

Choudhary, V.R.; Rajput, A.M. [National Chemical Lab., Pune (India). Chemical Engineering Div.] [National Chemical Lab., Pune (India). Chemical Engineering Div.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Synthesis Gas Generation by Chemical-Looping Reforming of Biomass with Natural Copper Ore as Oxygen Carrier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical-looping reforming (CLR) of biomass is a ... However, at the cost of synthesis gas combustion for heat, the gas lower heating value...

Lei Guo; Haibo Zhao; Chuguang Zheng

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

UNDERSTANDING OF CATALYST DEACTIVATION CAUSED BY SULFUR POISONING AND CARBON DEPOSITION IN STEAM REFORMING OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON FUELS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present work was conducted to develop a better understanding on the catalyst deactivation in steam reforming of sulfur-containing liquid hydrocarbon fuels for hydrogen production.… (more)

Xie, Chao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Modeling the Effects of Steam-Fuel Reforming Products on Low Temperature Combustion of n-Heptane  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The effects of blends of base fuel (n-heptane) and fuel-reformed products on the low-temperature combustion process were investigated.