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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Melt Conditioned Casting of Aluminum Alloys - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capillary Tube Fabrication of A3003 Alloy for Air Condition · Cathodic Dissolution of Pure Aluminum, Aluminum Alloy AA6061 and Aluminum Particle Based ...

2

NOS Point Forecast Guidance to Weather and Ocean Conditions ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOS Point Forecast Guidance to Weather and Ocean Conditions Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities ...

3

NOS Point Forecast Guidance to Weather and Ocean Conditions ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Point Forecast Guidance to Weather and Ocean Conditions Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean...

4

Fuzzy Categorization of Weather Conditions for Thermal Mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal mapping is a technique that uses a vehicle-mounted infrared radiometer to measure the variation of road surface temperature (RST). Conventionally, the technique is conducted under three qualitatively categorized weather conditions: ...

J. Shao

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Weather  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the latest meteorological observations, climatological information, and weather forecast products for the Los Alamos area. December 14, 2011 Snow vortex A snow vortex in Los...

6

Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Developing an Integrated Information System in a Modern Aluminum Smelter" ... "The Energy Crisis and the Aluminum Industry: Can We Learn from History? ... "

7

EFFECT OF CATIONS ON ALUMINUM SPECIATION UNDER ALKALINE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments were performed to examine the effect of metal cations common to high level waste on the phase of aluminum formed. Experiments were performed at temperature of 150 C, 75 C, and room temperature, either without additional metal cation, or with 0.01-0.2 molar equivalents of either Ni{sup 2+}, Fe{sup 3+}, Mn{sup 2+}, or Cr{sup 3+}. Results showed that temperature has the greatest effect on the phase obtained. At 150 C, boehmite is the only phase obtained, independent of the presence of other metal cations, with only one exception where a small amount of gibbsite was also detected in the product when 0.2 equivalents of Ni{sup 2+} was present. At 75 C, a mixture of phases is obtained, most commonly including bayerite and gibbsite; however, boehmite is also formed under some conditions, including in the absence of additional metal ion. At room temperature, in the absence of additional metal ion, a mixture of bayerite and gibbsite is obtained. The addition of another metal cation suppresses the formation of gibbsite, with a couple of exceptions (0.2 equivalents of Ni{sup 2+} or 0.01 equivalents of Cr{sup 3+}) where both phases are still obtained.

Taylor-Pashow, K.; Hobbs, D.

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

Impacts of Soil Heating Condition on Precipitation Simulations in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil temperature is a major variable in land surface models, representing soil energy status, storage, and transfer. It serves as an important factor indicating the underlying surface heating condition for weather and climate forecasts. This ...

Xingang Fan

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

U.S. Public Preferences for Weather and Road Condition Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Board on Enterprise Planning (BEP) established the Committee on Mobile Observations to discuss the application and utilization of mobile weather and road condition data in the context of supporting the ...

Sheldon Drobot; Amanda R. S. Anderson; Crystal Burghardt; Paul Pisano

10

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-31 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Description 3.2.1 Fall Cooling Phase 3.2.2 Ice Formation and Breakup Phases 3.2.3 The Ice Cycle cm LakeEs of +* SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS, WINTER 1978-79 B. H. Dewitt D. F. Kahlbaum D. G. Baker,-MOSWERlC AOMlNlSTRAllON #12;NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-31 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE

11

Solubility and Reaction Rates of Aluminum Solid Phases Under Geothermal Conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental studies involving equilibrium solubility and dissolution/precipitation rates were initiated on aluminum hydroxide phases prevalent under geothermal reservoir conditions. A large capacity, hydrogen-electrode concentration cell (HECC) was constructed specifically for this purpose.

Benezeth, P.; Palmer, D.A.; Wesolowski, D.J.; Anovitz, L.M.

2000-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooling Phase 3.2.2 Ice Formation and Breakup Phases 3.2.3 The Ice Cycle on Lake Superior 3.2.4 The IceNOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS, WINTER of this NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories publication. ii #12;LANDSAT fake color image of ice cover

13

Oxidative weathering chemical migration under variably saturated conditions and supergene copper enrichment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transport of oxygen gas from the land surface through an unsaturated zone has a strong influence on oxidative weathering processes. Oxidation of sulfide minerals such as pyrite (FeS{sub 2}), one of the most common naturally occurring minerals, is the primary source of acid drainage from mines and waste rock piles. Here we present a detailed numerical model of supergene copper enrichment that involves the oxidative weathering of pyrite (FeS{sub 2}) and chalcopyrite (CuFeS{sub 2}), and acidification that causes mobilization of metals in the unsaturated zone, with subsequent formation of enriched ore deposits of chalcocite (CuS) and covellite (Cu{sub 2}S) in the reducing conditions below the water table. We examine and identify some significant conceptual and computational issues regarding the oxidative weathering processes through the modeling tool. The dissolution of gaseous oxygen induced by the oxidation reduces oxygen partial pressure, as well as the total pressure of the gas phase. As a result, the gas flow is modified, then the liquid phase flow. Results indicate that this reaction effect on the fluid flow may not be important under ambient conditions, and gas diffusion can be a more important mechanism for oxygen supply than gas or liquid advection. Acidification, mobilization of metals, and alteration of primary minerals mostly take place in unsaturated zone (oxidizing), while precipitation of secondary minerals mainly occurs in saturated zone (reducing). The water table may be considered as an interface between oxidizing and reducing zones. Moving water table due to change of infiltration results in moving oxidizing zone and redistributing aqueous chemical constitutes and secondary mineral deposits. The oxidative weathering processes are difficult to model numerically, because concentrations of redox sensitive chemical species such as O{sub 2}(aq), SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} and HS{sup -} may change over tens of orders of magnitude between oxidizing and reducing conditions. In order to simulate substantial reaction progress over geologic time, one can benefit from the quasi-stationary state (QSS) approximation. A significant saving of computing time using QSS is demonstrated through the example. In addition, changes in porosity and permeability due to mineral dissolution and precipitation are also addressed in some degree. Even though oxidative weathering is sensitive to many factors, this work demonstrates that our model provides a comprehensive suite of process modeling capabilities, which could serve as a prototype for oxidative weathering processes with broad significance for geoscientific, engineering, and environmental applications.

Xu, Tianfu; Pruess, K.; Brimhall, G.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Weather: Project homepage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data with weather measurement instruments, interpreting the data, and forecasting weather conditions. Students use the Internet as a tool to research information, share...

15

Corn Yield Behavior: Effects of Technological Advance and Weather-Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores the relationships between U.S. corn yields (level and stability), advances in technology, and weather. Evaluations at the farm, sub-state, and national levels reveal no evidence of yield plateaus, and absolute, but not ...

Philip Garcia; Susan E. Offutt; Musa Pinar; Stanley A. Changnon

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Relationship between Aircraft Icing and Synoptic-Scale Weather Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 2700 aircraft icing pilot reports are compared to analyses of operationally available data for 37 cases of winter weather. Statistical results regarding the number of occurrences of icing reports with airmass origin, location relative ...

Ben C. Bernstein; Tiffany A. Omeron; Frank McDonough; Marcia K. Politovich

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Plutonium Transport Through Lysimeters Exposed to Natural Weather Conditions for Two to Twelve Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most important factors influencing the subsurface transport of plutonium (Pu) is its oxidation state. Under similar geochemical conditions (e.g., groundwater pH) the mobility of reduced Pu, Pu(IV), is two to three orders of magnitude lower than that of oxidized Pu, Pu(V) and Pu(VI). However, due to a poor understanding of Pu oxidation state transformations, transport models typically employ conservative assumptions which can lead to overly conservative and costly decisions. The objective of this study was to develop a conceptual geochemical transport model to describe Pu mobility through 52-L lysimeters established in 1980. The lysimeters contained E-Area sediment and various forms of well-characterized Pu sources of known oxidation state and were exposed to natural SRS weather conditions for up to 11 years. For this study, archived core sediments from the lysimeters were retrieved and Pu concentrations in depth-discrete samples were measured and then transport of Pu was modeled using a coupled reactive transport model. The geochemical conceptual model and input values included in the transport code were based on laboratory experiments. The single most important finding from this work was regardless of the Pu oxidation state added to SRS sediments, it quickly converted to the less mobile Pu(IV) form. In conclusion, it is expected that Pu will exist primarily in the SRS subsurface environment in the relatively less mobile Pu(IV) form, irrespective of the oxidation state that it first enters the ground. The lysimeter results provide important long-term data that support the removal of important overly conservative approaches presently used to calculate risk and performance assessment associated with groundwater Pu. These findings do not contradict previous Pu modeling efforts, including the E-Area Low-Level Waste Performance Assessment or the Special Analysis on Pu disposal in SRS trenches. Instead, the results from this work could be used in future calculations to improve accuracy and reduce uncertainty and conservatism.

Kaplan, D.I.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

Comparison of 1983 Great Lakes Winter Weather and Ice Conditions with Previous Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winter 1983 was one of the mildest winters in the past 200 years. One result of the unusual winter weather was the mildest overall ice season on the Great Lakes since systematic observations of ice cover extent on the Lakes were initiated some 20-...

Raymond A. Assel; C. Robert Snider; Reginald Lawrence

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Transmission Characteristics Evaluation Under Bad Weather Conditions in Optical Wireless Links with Different Optical Transmission Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical wireless links offer gigabit per second data rates and low system complexity. For ground space and or terrestrial communication systems, these links suffer from atmospheric loss mainly due to fog, scintillation and precipitation. Optical Wireless ... Keywords: Bad weather effects, Empirical model, Rain Attenuation, Rain Scattering, Specific attenuation, Visibility, Wireless Optics (WOs)

Ahmed Nabih Rashed; Mohamed M. El-Halawany

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fire Weather Outlooks | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Fire Weather Outlook areas - a Critical Fire Weather Area for Wind and Relative Humidity, an Extremely Critical Fire Weather Area for Extreme Conditions of Wind and Relative...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Driving conditions dependence of magneto-electroluminescence in tri-(8-hydroxyquinoline)-aluminum based organic light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

we investigated the magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) in tri-(8-hydroxyquinoline)-aluminum based organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) through the steady-state and transient method simultaneously. The MELs show the great different behaviors when we turn the driving condition from a constant voltage to a pulse voltage. For devices driven by the constant voltage, the MELs are similar with the literature data; for devices driven by the pulse voltage, the MELs are quite different, they firstly increase to a maximum then decrease as the magnetic field increases continuously. Negative MELs can be seen when both the magnetic field and driving voltage are high enough.

Peng, Qiming; Li, Xianjie; Li, Mingliang; Li, Feng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Standard Practice for Exposure of Cover Materials for Solar Collectors to Natural Weathering Under Conditions Simulating Operational Mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This practice provides a procedure for the exposure of cover materials for flat-plate solar collectors to the natural weather environment at temperatures that are elevated to approximate operating conditions. 1.2 This practice is suitable for exposure of both glass and plastic solar collector cover materials. Provisions are made for exposure of single and double cover assemblies to accommodate the need for exposure of both inner and outer solar collector cover materials. 1.3 This practice does not apply to cover materials for evacuated collectors or photovoltaics. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weatherization Assistance Program Quality Work Plan Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Quality...

24

Space charge corrected electron emission from an aluminum surface under non-equilibrium conditions  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical study has been conducted of ultrashort pulsed laser induced electron emission from an aluminum surface. Electron emission fluxes retrieved from the commonly employed Fowler-DuBridge theory were compared to fluxes based on a laser-induced non-equilibrium electron distribution. As a result, the two- and three-photon photoelectron emission parameters for the Fowler-DuBridge theory have been approximated. We observe that at regimes where photoemission is important, laser-induced electron emission evolves in a more smooth manner than predicted by the Fowler-DuBridge theory. The importance of the actual electron distribution decreases at higher laser fluences, whereas the contribution of thermionic emission increases. Furthermore, the influence of a space charge effect on electron emission was evaluated by a one dimensional particle-in-cell model. Depending on the fluences, the space charge reduces the electron emission by several orders of magnitude. The influence of the electron emission flux profiles on the effective electron emission was found to be negligible. However, a non-equilibrium electron velocity distribution increases the effective electron emission significantly. Our results show that it is essential to consider the non-equilibrium electron distribution as well as the space charge effect for the description of laser-induced photoemission.

Wendelen, W.; Bogaerts, A. [Research Group PLASMANT, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk (Belgium); Mueller, B. Y.; Rethfeld, B. [Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Autrique, D. [Research Group PLASMANT, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk (Belgium); Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Standard Practice for Exposure of Solar Collector Cover Materials to Natural Weathering Under Conditions Simulating Stagnation Mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This practice covers a procedure for the exposure of solar collector cover materials to the natural weather environment at elevated temperatures that approximate stagnation conditions in solar collectors having a combined back and edge loss coefficient of less than 1.5 W/(m2 · °C). 1.2 This practice is suitable for exposure of both glass and plastic solar collector cover materials. Provisions are made for exposure of single and double cover assemblies to accommodate the need for exposure of both inner and outer solar collector cover materials. 1.3 This practice does not apply to cover materials for evacuated collectors, photovoltaic cells, flat-plate collectors having a combined back and edge loss coefficient greater than 1.5 W/(m2 ·° C), or flat-plate collectors whose design incorporates means for limiting temperatures during stagnation. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard t...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Waste glass weathering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The weathering of glass is reviewed by examining processes that affect the reaction of commercial, historical, natural, and nuclear waste glass under conditions of contact with humid air and slowly dripping water, which may lead to immersion in nearly static solution. Radionuclide release data from weathered glass under conditions that may exist in an unsaturated environment are presented and compared to release under standard leaching conditions. While the comparison between the release under weathering and leaching conditions is not exact, due to variability of reaction in humid air, evidence is presented of radionuclide release under a variety of conditions. These results suggest that both the amount and form of radionuclide release can be affected by the weathering of glass.

Bates, J.K.; Buck, E.C.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program Weatherization Services

28

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apply Apply for Weatherization Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization Assistance on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program Weatherization Services

29

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services to someone by E-mail Services to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Services on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program Weatherization Services History Goals & Metrics Allocation Formula Apply for Weatherization Assistance WAP - Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Grants

30

Weather Superstitions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WEATHER SUPERSTITIONS Charles Dudley Warner, not Mark Twain, made the famous wisecrack --...

31

Weather Derivatives Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions had always been recognized as one of the most significant factors affecting energy consumption are geared to an index of Cooling Degree Day (CDD) values, days in which energy is used for air conditioning for air conditioning. #12;The problem of weather risk #12;Measuring Monthly Index Values · Monthly HDD

Etherton, Brian J.

32

Static and Fatigue Analysis of Wind Turbine Blades Subject to Cold Weather Conditions Using Finite Element Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

composite layups in cold conditions, the testing program at L'Ecole de Technologie Superi´eure (ETS

Victoria, University of

33

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovation Pilot Program to someone by E-mail Innovation Pilot Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program

34

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula on

35

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: National Weatherization Training Portal on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental

36

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Weatherization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

see their annual energy bills reduced by an average of about 437, depending on fuel prices. Because the energy improvements that make up weatherization services are long...

37

Accelerated Weathering of Fluidized Bed Steam Reformation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... Accelerated Weathering of Fluidized Bed Steam Reformation Material Under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions by E.M. Pierce ...

38

Development of a New Analysis Tool for Evaluating and Correcting for Weather Conditions that Constrain Radiation Portal Monitor Performance  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed the Adaptable, Multiplatform, Real-Time Analysis Package (AMRAP) for the continuous measurement of environmental radionuclide decay. AMRAP is a completely open source visualization and analysis package capable of combining a variety of data streams into an array of real-time plots. Once acquired, data streams are analyzed to store static images and extract data based on previously defined thresholds. AMRAP is currently used at ORNL to combine data streams from an Ortec Detective high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector, a TSA Systems radiation portal monitor (RPM), and an Orion weather station. The combined data are used to study the rain-induced increase in RPM background radiation levels. RPMs experience an increase in background radiation during precipitation due to the deposition of atmospheric radionuclides on the ground. Using AMRAP results in a real-time analysis workstation specifically dedicated to the study of RPM background radiation levels. By means of an editable library of common inputs, AMRAP is adaptable to remote monitoring applications that would benefit from the real-time visualization and analysis of radiation measurements. To study rain-induced increases in background radiation levels observed in radiation portal monitors (RPMs), researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed a software package that allows data with different formats to be analyzed and plotted in near real time. The Adaptable, Multiplatform, Real-Time Analysis Package (AMRAP) was developed to operate in the background and capture plots of important data based on previously defined thresholds. After executing AMRAP, segments of a data stream can be captured without additional post-processing. AMRAP can also display previously recorded data to facilitate a detailed offline analysis. Without access to these capabilities in a single software package, analyzing multiple continuously recorded data streams with different formats is impractical. Commercially available acquisition software packages record and analyze radiation measurements but are not designed to perform real-time analysis in conjunction with data from other vendors. The lack of collaboration between vendors is problematic when research requires different data streams to be correlated in time and immediately analyzed. AMRAP was specifically developed to provide a solution to this problem. AMRAP is a completely open source visualization and analysis package capable of plotting and analyzing data from different vendors in near real time.

Guzzardo, Tyler [ORNL; Livesay, Jake [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

An Experimental Study of the Performance of PCM-Enhanced Cellulose Insulation Used in Residential Building Walls Exposed to Full Weather Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air conditioning energy consumption in summer represents a major concern in many areas with hot and humid climates. When incorporated into the walls of light-weight residential buildings, phase change materials (PCMs) can increase the effective thermal mass of the walls and shift part of the space cooling loads to off-peak hours. The thermal properties of pure phase change materials (PCMs) and those of the mixtures of PCMs with cellulose insulation were studied via differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) tests and mass change tests. To directly prove the concept that PCM-enhanced insulation can reduce the peak heat flux across walls as well as its potential to shift part of the space cooling loads to a later time of the day, the performance of PCM-enhanced cellulose insulation was studied using two small-scale testing houses exposed to full weather conditions during the summer seasons. The testing houses were air conditioned and independently metered. Both houses had identical thermal responses prior to any retrofits. Before the tests, the PCM enhanced insulation was blown into the wall cavities in one test house while plain cellulose insulation was installed in the other house for comparison purposes. Hourly heat fluxes and daily heat flow data for four walls are presented. Based on the results, important recommendations are provided for the optimal use of PCMs in insulation systems.

Fang, Y.; Medina, M.; Evers, A.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

aluminum processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refining of Potroom Metal Using the Hydro Ram Crucible Fluxing Process [pp. .... Approachgeneration of Aluminum Wrought Alloy Scrap of Old Cars [pp.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Aluminum I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 6, 2013 ... Among them, automotive aluminum condensers are generally produced ... The brazing sheet used for the condenser is a three-layer composite ...

42

Erosion of Ferrous Alloys by Liquid Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the degradation of ferrous alloys under the demands of liquid metal transfer conditions ... (by exposure to flowing aluminum) and response to thermal cycling (by cyclic exposure to static aluminum) ... 2008 Global Anode Effect Survey Results.

43

Cold Weather Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Cold Weather Hazards June 2010 NSA_cwh_Rev10.doc 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility/ North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean (ACRF/NSA/AAO) Cold Weather Hazards Winter Conditions at the North Slope of Alaska The North Slope of Alaska is north of the Arctic Circle at latitudes ranging from 69 to 72 degrees. Barrow, the largest town on the North Slope (pop. 4500), is the site of a National Weather Service Station, which has been active for several decades, so the climatology of the Alaska arctic coastal region as represented by Barrow is relatively well known. The North Slope is covered with ice and snow typically eight months of the year (October-May). During part of November, all of December, and most of January, the sun does not come above the horizon; this

44

Weather Extremes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extremes Extremes Nature Bulletin No. 45 December 15, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation WEATHER EXTREMES Chicago lies in a temperate zone. We are fortunate. The lowest temperature recorded here since the establishment of the Weather Bureau in 1870 was -- 23 F on Dec. 24, 1872. The lowest records elsewhere in the United States are--66 F at Riverside Ranger Station, Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, on Feb. 9, 1933; and -- 78 F at Fort Yukon, Alaska, on Jan. 14, 1934. The lowest record anywhere on earth is 90 F at Verkhoyansk, Siberia, Feb. 5 and 7, 1892. The greatest snowfall recorded in Chicago in one 24-hour period was 14.9 inches on Jan. 30, 1939; but 19.2 inches fell between 1:10 a.m. on March 24 and 8:33 p.m. on March 26, 1930.

45

Experimental study of the thermal-hydraulic performance of a brazed aluminum heat exchanger under wet-surface conditions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Using an open-loop wind tunnel and a full-cone water spray nuzzle, the air-side performance of a liquid-to-air heat exchanger is studied experimentally for wet-surface conditions.… (more)

Zhang, Feini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

DOCUMENTATION OF NATIONAL WEATHER CONDITIONS AFFECTING LONG-TERM DEGRADATION OF COMMERCIAL SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AND DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AND HIGH-LEVEL WASTE  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing a proposal to construct, operate 2nd monitor, and eventually close a repository at Yucca Mountain in Nye County, Nevada, for the geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW). As part of this effort, DOE has prepared a viability assessment and an assessment of potential consequences that may exist if the repository is not constructed. The assessment of potential consequences if the repository is not constructed assumes that all SNF and HLW would be left at the generator sites. These include 72 commercial generator sites (three commercial facility pairs--Salem and Hope Creek, Fitzpatrick and Nine Mile Point, and Dresden and Morris--would share common storage due to their close proximity to each other) and five DOE sites across the country. DOE analyzed the environmental consequences of the effects of the continued storage of these materials at these sites in a report titled Continued Storage Analysis Report (CSAR; Reference 1 ) . The CSAR analysis includes a discussion of the degradation of these materials when exposed to the environment. This document describes the environmental parameters that influence the degradation analyzed in the CSAR. These include temperature, relative humidity, precipitation chemistry (pH and chemical composition), annual precipitation rates, annual number of rain-days, and annual freeze/thaw cycles. The document also tabulates weather conditions for each storage site, evaluates the degradation of concrete storage modules and vaults in different regions of the country, and provides a thermal analysis of commercial SNF in storage.

W. L. Poe, Jr.; P.F. Wise

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Weathering and Protection of Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction When wood is exposed outdoors, above ground, a complex combination of chemical, mechanical, and light energy factors contribute to what is described as weathering (38). Weathering is not to be confused with decay, which results from decay organisms (fungi) acting in the presence of excess moisture and air for an extended period of time (34). Under conditions suitable for the development of decay, wood can deteriorate rapidly and the result is far different than that observed for natural outdoor weathering, Outdoor Weathering Process In outdoor weathering of smooth wood, original surfaces become rough as grain raises and the wood checks, and the checks grow into large cracks; grain may loosen, boards cup and warp and pull away from fasteners (Figs. 1 and 2), The roughened surface changes color, gathers dirt and mildew, and may become unsightly; the wood loses its surface coherence and becomes friable, splinters, and frag ments come off. All these e

William C. Feist

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Weather Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Tool Back to Tool Screenshot for Weather Tool. Screenshot for Weather Tool. Screenshot for Weather...

49

Synthesis of super-dense phase of aluminum under extreme pressure and temperature conditions created by femtosecond laser pulses in sapphire  

SciTech Connect

We describe synthesis of a new super-dense phase of aluminum under extreme pressure and temperature conditions created by laser-induced microexplosions in sapphire. Micro explosions in sub-micrometer sized regions of sapphire were induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses with a temporal length of {approx} 100 fs and an energy of {approx} 100 nJ. Fast, explosive expansion of photogenerated high-density plasma created strong heating and pressure transients with peak temperature and pressure of {approx} 105 K and 10 TPa, respectively. Partial decomposition of sapphire in the shock-compressed sapphire led to formation of nanocrystalline bcc-Al phase, which is different from ambient fcc-Al phase, and was permanently preserved by fast quenching. The existence of super-dense bcc-Al phase was confirmed using X-ray diffraction technique. This is the first observation of bcc-Al phase, which so far has been only predicted theoretically, and a demonstration that laser-induced micro explosions technique enables simple, safe and cost-efficient access to extreme pressures and temperatures without the tediousness typical to traditional techniques that use diamond anvil cells, gas guns, explosives, or megajoule-class lasers.

Mizeikis, Vygantas; Vailionis, Arturas; Gamaly, Eugene G.; Yang, Wenge; Rode, Andrei V.; Juodkazis, Saulius (Swinburne); (Shizuoka); (Stanford); (CIW); (ANU)

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

50

Assessing the Impact of Weather on Traffic Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the effect of weather conditions on daily traffic intensities (the number of cars passing a specific segment of a road). The main objective is to examination whether or not weather conditions uniformly alter daily traffic ...

Mario Cools; Elke Moons; Geert Wets

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Minding the Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather salience is a construct that pertains to the psychological value, significance, and attunement that people have for the weather and its changes. In this article the author describes the construct of weather salience and a measure that was ...

Alan E. Stewart

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

NEWTON's Weather Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

day. Learn about all sorts of weather phenomena or just get a video of your daily forecast. NOAA Weather Partner's Videos NOAA Weather Partner's Videos The National Oceanic and...

53

NEWTON's Weather Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

References Do you have a great weather reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: NOAA Teachers Support Page NOAA Teachers Support Page for Weather and...

54

Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FHWA FHWA R d W h M P FHWA R d W h M P FHWA Road Weather Management Program FHWA Road Weather Management Program " "Weather and the transport of Hazardous Materials" Ray Murphy Office of Technical Services Ray Murphy, Office of Technical Services U.S. DOT - Federal Highway Administration Breako t Session Using Technolog to Dispatch U.S. DOE National Transportation Stakeholder Forum Breakout Session: Using Technology to Dispatch and Monitor Shipments During Adverse Conditions Presentation Contents Presentation Contents * * Context Context Cl Cl I iti ti I iti ti * * Clarus Clarus Initiative Initiative * * Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather U.S. DOE National Transportation Stakeholder Forum

55

Playing with the weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the contribution of real time weather data to player enjoyment was tested and evaluated. To gauge the contribution of weather to player engagement an adaptronic, multiplayer, location based game, where real time weather data is key to the ... Keywords: adaptronic games, casual game, game, location based, multiplayer games, pervasive game, weather

Sofia Reis; Nuno Correia

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Information Flow in Ensemble Weather Predictions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a weather prediction, information flows from the initial conditions to a later prediction. The uncertainty in the initial conditions implies that such a flow should be quantified with tools from probability theory. Using several recent ...

Richard Kleeman

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Utilities weather the storm  

SciTech Connect

Utilities must restore power to storm-damaged transmission and distribution systems, even if it means going out in ice storms or during lightning and hurricane conditions. Weather forecasting helps utilities plan for possible damage as well as alerting them to long-term trends. Storm planning includes having trained repair personnel available and adjusting the system so that less power imports are needed. Storm damage response requires teamwork and cooperation between utilities. Utilities can strengthen equipment in storm-prone or vulnerable areas, but good data are necessary to document the incidence of lighning strikes, hurricanes, etc. 2 references, 8 figures.

Lihach, N.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Little Climates -- Weather Just Above The Ground  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Just Above The Ground Weather Just Above The Ground Nature Bulletin No. 481-A February 17, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W, Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LITTLE CLIMATES -- Weather Just Above the Ground In a previous bulletin we talked about little climates, underground, resulting from weather conditions in the soil. Just above the ground there is another "little climate" equally important. We frequently see evidences of it without realizing how and why they were produced. Just above the earth, there lies a narrow layer of changeable weather that is affected at both surfaces by its mighty neighbors: the land below and the restless air in the atmosphere above it. Under the spell of gravity, it clings to the ground in spite of all but the swiftest winds. In this layer there are special weather conditions overlooked by nearly everyone.

59

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History of the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on AddThis.com...

60

Perturbations That Optimally Trigger Weather Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of the onset of two weather regimes with respect to initial conditions is studied. The weather regimes are a Euro–Atlantic blocking regime and a Euro–Atlantic strong zonal flow regime. Both regimes are characterized by the same ...

Jeroen Oortwijn; Jan Barkmeijer

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Weather Theory Weather Reports, Forcasts and Charts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GMU Weather Theory & Weather Reports, Forcasts and Charts Copyright 10/2010 AV-ED (For Reference Only) See 14CFR & AIM #12;GROUND SCHOOL / TEST SUBJECTS Session Subject Total / Actual Ques. 1 IN TEMPERATURE AS ALTITUDE INCREASES. - FREQUENT GROUND BASED TEMP INVERSION IS PRODUCED BY TERRESTRIAL RADIATION

62

Fish, Weather and People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fish, Weather and People Fish, Weather and People Nature Bulletin No. 241-A October 22, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation FISH, WEATHER AND PEOPLE. Fishing can be one of the cheapest and most satisfying forms of recreation for people of all ages and both sexes. The proudest moment for many a boy is when he comes home with a big catfish or a string of bluegills caught with a can of worms for bait, and a cane pole or a willow cut from a thicket. Fishing can also be an expensive sport when the fisherman, laden with gadgets and high-priced tackle, journeys long distances to northern waters. The time of year, the sign of the moon, the barometric pressure, the direction and velocity of wind, rainfall, the amount of fishing and other conditions are some of the reasons given by credulous fisherman to bolster up their alibis. None of them can be proved. We do know that, in general, in the streams, ponds and inland lakes of Illinois, the principal fish caught in early spring are bullheads and, after them, the crappies. In summer the catches are mostly bluegills and largemouth black bass. In autumn, often, we again get good strings of crappies. But beyond that, as far as we know, in only one body of water has there been kept sufficient records over a long term of years, and a scientific study of such records, to throw any light upon the theories about why and when fish bite or don't bite.

63

Aluminum in Transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Aluminum in Transportation: Case Study of the Development of a ... The unit was entirely redesigned using aluminum and based on the future

64

Recycling - Aluminum - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Life Cycle Inventory Report for the North American Aluminum Industry Document providing the life cycle information for the North American aluminum industry.

65

Linking Weather and Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historically, the atmospheric sciences have tended to treat problems of weather and climate separately. The real physical system, however, is a continuum, with short-term (minutes to days) “weather” fluctuations influencing climate variations and ...

Randall M. Dole

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Demand Impacted by Weather  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When you look at demand, it’s also interesting to note the weather. The weather has a big impact on the demand of heating fuels, if it’s cold, consumers will use ...

67

Weather and Individual Happiness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the influence of weather on happiness. While previous studies have examined climatic influence by comparing the well-being of people living in different regions, this paper focuses on how daily changes in weather affect ...

Yoshiro Tsutsui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Weatherization & Intergovernmental Program: Projects  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Intergovernmental Program Projects Site Map Bookmark and Share Projects From energy efficiency initiatives - such as residential weatherization and state capitol...

69

Weatherization pays big dividends  

SciTech Connect

Weather Windows, do-it-yourself indoor vinyl storm windows, are a major project of the Duke Power Co. Weatherization Program. Various weatherization programs in existence across the United States are discussed, emphasizing their public relations aspects as well as the service they provide to customers regarding savings on electric bills. 1 figure.

Gorzelnik, E.F.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The power of weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather information demonstrates predictive power in forecasting electricity prices in day-ahead markets in real time. In particular, next-day weather forecasts improve the forecast accuracy of Scandinavian day-ahead electricity prices in terms of point ... Keywords: Electricity prices, GARCH models, Point and density forecasts, Weather forecasts

Christian Huurman; Francesco Ravazzolo; Chen Zhou

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Intelligent weather agent for aircraft severe weather avoidance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Severe weather conditions pose a large threat to the safety of aircraft, since they are responsible for a large percentage of aviation related accidents. With the advent of the free flight environment, the exigency for an autonomous severe weather avoidance capability has increased. In this thesis, an intelligent weather agent is developed for general aviation aircraft. Using a radar image from an onboard weather radar, the intelligent weather agent determines the safest path around severe weather with a minimum detour in distance. The method used is the Simplified Memory Bounded A* search technique that reduces computation time and memory requirements. The algorithm for A* search using the heuristic function is initially developed and evaluated in non-real-time form using Matlab, and demonstrated to be reliable and fast in flight path re-routing for stationary thunderstorms as well as moving thunderstorms. It is extended into a real-time version coded in Borland C++, and integrated with the existing Simplified Flight Management System and coupled with the heading command and hold autopilot of the nonlinear, non-real-time, six degrees-of-freedom Engineering Flight Simulator. Test cases consisting of stationary and moving thunderstorms are used to evaluate the intelligent weather agent online, in real-time. Results demonstrate that the new path suggested by the algorithm developed in this thesis is about 1% to 25% longer than the original path depending upon the size of the thunderstorm that lies in the original path. The detours in the test cases ranged from about 1 mile to 11 miles over and above the original path length. The algorithm did not exhibit any critical failures in the test cases and proved to be robust. The intelligent weather agent, when integrated with the Simplified Flight Management System and coupled with the heading command and hold autopilot, provides an effective and reliable guidance and navigation system for generating safe, alternate flight paths around thunderstorms and squall lines. It also forms the basis for the severe weather agent component of a broader hierarchical intelligent agent based system for free-flight guidance.

Bokadia, Sangeeta

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

73

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Apply for Weatherization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

missed. How will I benefit by participating in this program? Weatherization reduces your energy bills for a long time. Some measures, such as insulating your walls or roof, for...

74

Weather and Joints  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Humidity and air pressure changes, which accompany changes in weather, can sometimes be felt in the human body, some people are affected more than others. Arthritis in joints...

75

Educational Weather Games  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Games Do you have a great weather game? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Games: NOAA - Planet Arcade NOAA - Planet Arcade The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

76

CONTAM Weather Program Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... spreadsheet program. The tool can convert Energy Plus weather files (EPW files) to WTH files. EPW files can be found on the US ...

77

The Entire Weather Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stroke Length Hurricanes Joining Fog Predicting Snow? Temperature Effecting Dew Point Solar Storms and Earth Weather Sea Fog Formation More Rain at Night than Day Jet Streams...

78

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program WAP - Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Grants WAP - Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program State Energy Program

79

Aluminum Fluoride – A Users Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Aluminum Reduction Technology. Presentation Title, Aluminum Fluoride – A ...

80

Weather Derivatives and Weather Insurance: Concept, Application, and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept and applications of weather derivatives and weather insurance are introduced. Proper analysis of these financial instruments requires both statistical knowledge and thorough understanding of the physical weather and climate process. A ...

Lixin Zeng

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

weather | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

weather weather Dataset Summary Description A csv containing hourly weather data at NREL's Research and Support Facility (RSF) for 2011. Source NREL Date Released February 07th, 2013 (10 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 data NREL RSF weather Data text/csv icon rsf_weather_data_2011.csv (csv, 851.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating.

82

Weatherized in January  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

**Number of Homes **Number of Homes Weatherized in January 2011 (Recovery Act) Total Number of Homes Weatherized through January 2011 (Recovery Act) ***Total Number of Homes Weatherized through January 2011 Calendar Year 2009 - January 2011 (Recovery Act + Annual Program Funding) U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized By Grantee in January 2011 (Calendar Year) (Recovery Act) (Recovery Act Annual Program Funding) Alabama 323 4,036 4,780 1 Alaska 21 231 1,850 Arizona 289 4,000 5,187 Arkansas 179 3,545 5,263 California 1,469 24,620 28,197 Colorado 401 7,188 12,926 Connecticut 530 3,689 4,758 2 2 Delaware 519 689 District of Columbia 30 661 972 Florida 799 8,895 9,971 Georgia 526 7,718 8,476 Hawaii 13 419 774 Idaho 244 3,996 5,963 Illinois

83

NEWTON's Weather Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Archive: Weather Archive: Loading Most Recent Weather Questions: Acid Rain and Evaporation Effects Ground Temperature for Snow to 'Stick' Clouds and Time of Day Chart Scales on Vertical Velocity Chart Aneroid Barometers: Aircraft; Meteorology Air and Saturation Pressure Tornado Size and Vortex Spin Rate Polar Air Pressure Coldest Temperature in Atmosphere; Elevation Snow Clump Formation Relative Humidity, Temperature, Amount of Water Polar Weather Systems Bergeron Process Cloud Formation and Time of Day Hailstone Shape Threshold Values for Classifying Pressure Systems Rain Shadow Range Cloud Suspension Measuring Rainfall Why Does It Rain? Measuring Rainfall Dew Point and Dogs Size of Cloud from Shadow What is dBZ in Meteorology? Daily Temperature Lag To see all entries in the Weather

84

Aluminum Reduction Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing the Power Modulation Window of Aluminium Smelter Pots with Shell Heat Exchanger Technology · Initiatives To Reduction Of Aluminum Potline ...

85

Aluminum Reduction Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2011 ... GHG Measurement and Inventory for Aluminum Production · HEX Retrofit Enables Smelter Capacity Expansion · HF Emission Reduction from ...

86

Real-Time Weather Data Access Guide: Updated February 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The format of the weather data received from the National Weather Service is extremely inconvenient for building engineers to read, especially for trending historical data; therefore, a weather parsing program was created by NREL building engineers to simplify the data. The weather-parsing program collects current weather conditions for over 4,000 sites around the world and allows access to the data via a web page designed by NREL building researchers. The database provides data for some locations from late 1998 through today. Users can request data to be sent to them via e-mail by using the interactive web page.

Long, N.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Weather Modification: Finding Common Ground  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and operational approaches to weather modification expressed in the National Research Council's 2003 report on “Critical Issues in Weather Modification Research” and in the Weather Modification Association's response to that report form ...

Michael Garstang; Roelof Bruintjes; Robert Serafin; Harold Orville; Bruce Boe; William Cotton; Joseph Warburton

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Aluminum reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable reference electrode for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na.sub.3 AlF.sub.6, wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution.

Sadoway, Donald R. (Belmont, MA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Aluminum reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable reference electrode is described for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution. 1 fig.

Sadoway, D.R.

1988-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

90

CONTAM Overview - Weather and Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... weather data is implemented through the use of weather files or ... experiments or atmospheric models, eg, plume or puff dispersion simulation tools. ...

91

Controlling The Global Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth's atmosphere may be chaotic and very likely is sensitive to small perturbations. Certainly, very simple nonlinear dynamical models of the atmosphere are chaotic, and the most realistic numerical weather prediction models arevery ...

Ross N. Hoffman

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Space Weather 101  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the basic physical concepts associated with space weather that pertain to the effects on high-voltage power transmission systems. Space weather is an extremely complex and multi-faceted phenomenon. To focus on power grid–related effects, the report addresses coronal mass ejections, which are known to be the most important driver of large geomagnetically induced currents, and describes ongoing research that is being conducted to better understand, predict, and mitigate the ...

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals July 23, 2010 - 11:43am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Kansas City's rainy summer is good news for lawns but not so good news for homes in need of weatherization, since wet conditions slow down work. But Bob Jackson isn't worried. "We've had a significantly wet season... but we're two and half months ahead," says the manager of the city's Property Preservation Division, which oversees weatherization efforts for Kansas City and some satellite towns. Even so, Jackson far exceeded the target number of income-eligible homes to weatherize, as set forth by the Missouri's Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and the U.S. Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance

94

Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals Kansas City Weatherization Efforts Exceed Goals July 23, 2010 - 11:43am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Kansas City's rainy summer is good news for lawns but not so good news for homes in need of weatherization, since wet conditions slow down work. But Bob Jackson isn't worried. "We've had a significantly wet season... but we're two and half months ahead," says the manager of the city's Property Preservation Division, which oversees weatherization efforts for Kansas City and some satellite towns. Even so, Jackson far exceeded the target number of income-eligible homes to weatherize, as set forth by the Missouri's Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and the U.S. Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance

95

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Aluminum Association The Aluminum Association, Inc. is the trade association for producers of primary aluminum, recyclers and semi-fabricated aluminum...

96

Weather Normalization of Reliability Indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather significantly increases variability of reliability indices. This project focuses on exploring statistical correlations between weather parameters and system performance indices using historical utility reliability data and weather data. Using this information, various approaches for normalizing utility performance indices for variability in weather can be developed.

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

97

U.S. Soil and Mineralogy Data and Weathering Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deposition of sulfur and nitrogen compounds as rain, snow, and fog, as well as dry deposition in gas and particulate forms, can lead to the formation of sulfuric and nitric acids in soils and surface waters, resulting in decreased pH and alkalinity, higher aluminum concentrations, and increased leaching of base cations. This report evaluates methods to estimate base cation weathering rates for use in watershed simulations and in critical load calculations developed to protect surface waters and ...

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

98

Aluminum Plenary Session flier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Strategic Impact of Changing Energy Markets on the Aluminum Industry ... For complete technical program information, and registration/housing details.

99

Aluminum Extrusion Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Aluminum extrusion alloys by series...6063 (1944), 6066, 6070, 6082 (1972), 6101 (1954), 6105 (1965),

100

INNOVATIONS IN ALUMINUM: II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Likewise, to produce aluminum sheet and some other products, dissolved sodium and calcium must be fluxed by reaction with chlorine. Today, the combined ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Aluminum Association: Recycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... This webpage provides some historical information on aluminum recycling and describes the processes done by various recyclers: used ...

102

Aluminum Recycling, 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... The book details the collecting, sorting, and separating of scrap aluminum as well as the processing and upgrading equipment used.

103

Aluminum Reduction Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced HF Emissions with New Heat Exchanger · Industrial Test of Low-voltage Energy-saving Aluminum Reduction ...

104

Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather June 22, 2010 - 3:46pm Addthis Trident Technical College in Charleston, SC., has added another sustainability component to its curriculum: weatherization. A program already filled with renewable energy courses, TTC Green, now offers training and certification for technicians. This training, available for anyone from novices to the experienced, teaches how to weatherize the diverse array of homes in the muggy Charleston area to be more energy efficient. Two of the school's continuing education courses, both under three weeks in length, offer certification to individuals with weatherization backgrounds, giving them additional credentials and skills in the industry. TTC Green

105

NEW ALUMINUM OXIDE HUMIDITY ELEMENT. Second Report  

SciTech Connect

An aluminum oxide humidity sensing element is discussed. These elements, which were developed primarily for use in radiosonde weather measuring equipmeni, have a fast response over the entire humidity range and through a broad temperature range of -80 deg F to +l35 deg F. The elements are a marked improvement over previous humidity sensing devices, and their use in specially designed testers allows measurements to be made which were previously unobtainable. Among their other desirable features, these elements are small and lightweight, can be made inexpensively of readily available materials, and can be mass produced. (auth)

Stover, C.M.

1962-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Locational analysis for the aluminum industry  

SciTech Connect

A locational analysis for the aluminum industry suggests that its locational pattern is probably even more clear-cut than that of the steel industry. Because the smelting of alumina into aluminum requires a very large amount of electric power, aluminum has become an industry highly oriented to cheap-power locations. A quick analysis, taking into account present technological and economic conditions, reveals that the potential advantages of the minimum-transport-cost location for an aluminum plant are clearly outweighed by the large power cost savings accruing from locating the plant at a cheap-power location. This holds true even with a fairly small differential in power rates between the two locations.

Isard, W.; Parcels, L.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Technology Innovation in Aluminum Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's U.S. aluminum production includes roughly 5.6 million tonnes of .... to help make the cost of aluminum competitive with steel.12 Aluminum pull tabs were ...

108

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: News on AddThis.com... News December 9, 2013 Improving Energy Efficiency and Creating Jobs Through Weatherization Since 2009, when the Energy Department seized a major opportunity to invest $5 billion through our Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to stimulate

109

An All-Weather Observational Operator for Radiance Data Assimilation with Mesoscale Forecast Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assimilating satellite radiance data under all weather conditions remains an outstanding problem in numerical weather prediction. This study develops an observational operator for use in radiance assimilation under both clear and cloudy ...

Thomas J. Greenwald; Rolf Hertenstein; Tomislava Vuki?evi?

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Influence of Antenna Radome on Weather Radar Calibration and Its Real-Time Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational weather radars are usually equipped with a radome to reduce the wind load on the antenna and to allow continuous operation under bad weather conditions. The study is focused on quantifying the impact on radar polarimetric measurements ...

E. Gorgucci; R. Bechini; L. Baldini; R. Cremonini; V. Chandrasekar

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Effects of Recent Weather Extremes on the Insurance Industry: Major Implications for the Atmospheric Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequent and extremely damaging severe weather conditions in the United States during 1991–94 caused $40 billion in insured losses, creating major impacts and eliciting diverse responses in the weather insurance industry. Population, one reason ...

Stanley A. Changnon; David Changnon; E. Ray Fosse; Donald C. Hoganson; Richard J. Roth Sr.; James M. Totsch

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Aluminum 2003 TABLE OF CONTENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE/OIT PHAST Program Application in the Aluminum Industry [pp. 239-242] F.L. Beichner. Retrofitting Regenerative Burners on Aluminum Melting Furnaces ...

113

Recyclability of Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...It is resistant to corrosion, and a low ratio of energy is required to remelt aluminum compared with that required for its primary production. Also, the alloy versatility of aluminum has resulted in a large number of commercial compositions, many of which were designed to accommodate impurity...

114

Department of Energy Offers Conditional Commitment for $1.187...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the sun and maximize solar collection. The TMAC monitoring system receives real time weather updates so the solar array can be stowed in harsh weather conditions to preserve...

115

IdentifyingWeather Systems from NumericalWeather Prediction Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather systems such as tropical cyclones, fronts, troughs and ridges affect our daily lives. Yet, they are often manually located and drawn on weather charts based on forecasters' experience. To identify them, multiple atmospheric elements need to be ...

WONG Ka Yan; YIP Chi Lap; LI Ping Wah

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Weatherized in October  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October October 2010 Total Number of Homes Weatherized through October 2010 ***Total Number of Homes Weatherized through October 2010 Calendar Year 2009 October 2010 U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized By State in October 2010 (Calendar Year) October 2010 (Recovery Act) October 2010 (Recovery Act) Calendar Year 2009 - October 2010 (Recovery Act + Annual Program Funding) Alabama 313 3,171 3,879 1 Alaska 16 99 1,632 Arizona 279 3,094 4,255 Arkansas 215 2,914 4,422 California 1,880 19,690 21,658 Colorado 451 5,903 11,405 , , Connecticut 367 2,363 3,432 2 Delaware 940 1,110 District of Columbia 102 584 842 Florida 725 6,803 7,879 Georgia 698 6,200 6,915 Hawaii 20 380 748 Idaho 198 3,340 5,270 Illi i 1 973 17 188 24 666 Illinois 1,973 17,188 24,666 Indiana

117

Weatherized in November  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November November 2010 Total Number of Homes Weatherized through November 2010 ***Total Number of Homes Weatherized through November 2010 Calendar Year 2009 November 2010 U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized By State in November 2010 (Calendar Year) November 2010 (Recovery Act) November 2010 (Recovery Act) Calendar Year 2009 - November 2010 (Recovery Act + Annual Program Funding) Alabama 262 3,433 4,141 1 Alaska 14 113 1,646 Arizona 326 3,420 4,581 Arkansas 248 3,162 4,670 California 1,495 21,185 23,153 Colorado 414 6,317 11,819 , , Connecticut 2,363 3,432 2 Delaware 940 1,110 District of Columbia 30 614 872 Florida 643 7,446 8,522 Georgia 580 6,780 7,495 Hawaii 18 398 766 Idaho 212 3,552 5,482 Illi i 1 674 18 862 26 340 Illinois 1,674 18,862 26,340

118

Weather and Joints  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather and Joints Weather and Joints Name: Brittany Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do people feel the weather changin in their joints? Is it just a superstition? Replies: People feel weather changes in their bodies because storm systems are accompanied by lower air pressure. When a storm system is approaching the barometric pressure or air pressure will drop. Inside the body is air pressure also. The pressure inside the body is approximately 15 lbs per square inch. Normal air pressure on the outside is approximately the same. When both numbers are equal most people don't feel anything. However, when the low pressure system approaches or the air pressure drops, the pressure on the inside of the body is greater than outside and that air on the inside tries to get out because air flows from high pressure to low pressure. This causes swelling and discomfort in some people's joints, especially in the elderly or people who have suffered injuries to those areas (those areas are weakened somewhat due to the injury and less resistant to the changes in pressure).

119

Weatherization Works: An interim report of the National Weatherization Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The National Weatherization Evaluation is the first comprehensive evaluation of the Weatherization Assistance Program since 1984. The evaluation was designed to accomplish the following goals: Estimate energy savings and cost effectiveness; Assess nonenergy impacts; Describe the weatherization network; Characterize the eligible population and resources; and Identify factors influencing outcomes and opportunities for the future. As a national program, weatherization incorporates considerable diversity due to regional differences. Therefore, evaluation results are presented both in aggregate and for three climate regions: cold, moderate and hot.

Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinney, L.F. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Developing hourly weather data for locations having only daily weather data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology was developed to modify an hourly TMY weather tape to be representative of a location for which only average daily weather parameters were avilable. Typical hourly and daily variations in solar flux, and other parameters, were needed to properly exercise a computer model to predict the transient performance of a solar controlled greenhouse being designed for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The starting point was a TMY tape for Yuma, Arizona, since the design temperatures for summer and winter are nearly identical for Yuma and Riyadh. After comparing six of the most important weather variables, the hourly values on the Yuma tape were individually adjusted to give the same overall daily average conditions as existed in the long-term Riyadh data. Finally, a statistical analysis was used to confirm quantitatively that the daily variations between the long term average values for Riyadh and the modified TMY weather tape for Yuma matched satisfactorily.

Talbert, S.G.; Herold, K.E.; Jakob, F.E.; Lundstrom, D.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather June 22, 2010 - 3:46pm Addthis Trident Technical College in Charleston, SC., has added another sustainability component to its curriculum: weatherization. A program already filled with renewable energy courses, TTC Green, now offers training and certification for technicians. This training, available for anyone from novices to the experienced, teaches how to weatherize the diverse array of homes in the muggy Charleston area to be more energy efficient. Two of the school's continuing education courses, both under three weeks in length, offer certification to individuals with weatherization backgrounds, giving them additional credentials and skills in the industry. TTC Green

122

ALUMINUM CLADDING DISSOLUTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent shows a method of moderating the chemical reaction when aluminum is dissolved in 2 to 7 molar nitric acid with a mercury catalyst. Nickelous nitrate is added as a negative promoter. (AEC)

Schulz, W.W.

1964-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Aluminum ION Battery  

•Lower cost because of abundant aluminum resources ... Li-ion battery (LiC 6 - Mn 2 O 4) 106 4.0 424 Al-ion battery (Al - Mn 2 O 4) 400 2.65 1,060

124

CORROSION PROTECTION OF ALUMINUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Treatment of aluminum-base metal surfaces in an autoclave with an aqueous chromic acid solution of 0.5 to 3% by weight and of pH below 2 for 20 to 50 hrs at 160 to 180 deg C produces an extremely corrosion-resistant aluminum oxidechromium film on the surface. A chromic acid concentration of 1 to 2% and a pH of about 1 are preferred. (D.C.W.)

Dalrymple, R.S.; Nelson, W.B.

1963-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation (Redirected from Weatherization Program Evaluation) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Weatherization Program Evaluation Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: weatherization.ornl.gov/WeatherizationProgramEvaluations.htm References: Weatherization Program Evaluation [1] Logo: Weatherization Program Evaluation Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides weatherization program evaluations as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program. This evaluation program is also available to international organizations. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides weatherization program evaluations

126

Mesoscale Weather Effects of Variable Snow Cover over Northeast Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the PROFS (Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services) surface mesonetwork have been used to document the effect of variable snow cover on atmospheric boundary layer properties cloudiness and weather conditions over north ...

Richard H. Johnson; George S. Young; James J. Toth; Raymond M. Zehr

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Lane Electric Cooperative - Residential and Commercial Weatherization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Commercial Weatherization Grant Program Lane Electric Cooperative - Residential and Commercial Weatherization Grant Program Eligibility Commercial Low-Income Residential...

128

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency...

129

ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Weatherization Program Evaluation Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: weatherization.ornl.gov/WeatherizationProgramEvaluations.htm References: Weatherization Program Evaluation [1] Logo: Weatherization Program Evaluation Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides weatherization program evaluations as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program. This evaluation program is also available to international organizations. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides weatherization program evaluations

130

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency October 31, 2013 - 5:01pm Addthis The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center Bob Adams Supervisor, Weatherization Assistance Program

131

Weatherization Apprenticeship Program  

SciTech Connect

Weatherization improvement services will be provided to Native people by Native people. The proposed project will recruit, train and hire two full-time weatherization technicians who will improve the energy efficiency of homes of Alaska Natives/American Indians residing in the Indian areas, within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska. The Region includes Anchorage as well as 8 small tribal villages: The Native Villages of Eklutna, Knik, Chickaloon, Seldovia, Ninilchik, Kenaitze, Salamatof, and Tyonek. This project will be a partnership between three entities, with Cook Inlet Tribal Council (CITC) as the lead agency: CITCA's Employment and Training Services Department, Cook Inlet Housing Authority and Alaska Works Partnership. Additionally, six of the eight tribal villages within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska have agreed to work with the project in order to improve the energy efficiency of their tribally owned buildings and homes. The remaining three villages will be invited to participate in the establishment of an intertribal consortium through this project. Tribal homes and buildings within Anchorage fall under Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI) tribal authority.

Watson, Eric J

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

132

Weatherization Roundup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roundup Roundup Weatherization Roundup January 10, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis Brian Bernal installs a carbon monoxide detector for a homeowner participating in the Weatherization Assistance Program in Loveland, CO. | Credit: Dennis Schroeder, NREL. Brian Bernal installs a carbon monoxide detector for a homeowner participating in the Weatherization Assistance Program in Loveland, CO. | Credit: Dennis Schroeder, NREL. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? More than 750 thousand homes have been weatherized over the last three years. The Weatherization Assistance Program is saving the average household $400 a year on their utility bills. Last week, we told you about the more than 750 thousand homes weatherized

133

Bishop Paiute Weatherization Training Program  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Weatherization Training Grant assisted Native American trainees in developing weatherization competencies, creating employment opportunities for Bishop Paiute tribal members in a growing field. The trainees completed all the necessary training and certification requirements and delivered high-quality weatherization services on the Bishop Paiute Reservation. Six tribal members received all three certifications for weatherization; four of the trainees are currently employed. The public benefit includes (1) development of marketable skills by low-income Native individuals, (2) employment for low-income Native individuals in a growing industry, and (3) economic development opportunities that were previously not available to these individuals or the Tribe.

Carlos Hernandez

2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

CONTAM Weather File Creator Help  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Then enter the start and end date for Daylight Savings Time. First Day of the Year. ... Converting an Energy Plus Weather File. ...

135

Regeneration of aluminum hydride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods and materials for the formation of hydrogen storage alanes, AlH.sub.x, where x is greater than 0 and less than or equal to 6 at reduced H.sub.2 pressures and temperatures. The methods rely upon reduction of the change in free energy of the reaction between aluminum and molecular H.sub.2. The change in free energy is reduced by lowering the entropy change during the reaction by providing aluminum in a state of high entropy, and by increasing the magnitude of the change in enthalpy of the reaction or combinations thereof.

Graetz, Jason Allan; Reilly, James J; Wegrzyn, James E

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

136

Regeneration of aluminum hydride  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods and materials for the formation of hydrogen storage alanes, AlH.sub.x, where x is greater than 0 and less than or equal to 6 at reduced H.sub.2 pressures and temperatures. The methods rely upon reduction of the change in free energy of the reaction between aluminum and molecular H.sub.2. The change in free energy is reduced by lowering the entropy change during the reaction by providing aluminum in a state of high entropy, by increasing the magnitude of the change in enthalpy of the reaction or combinations thereof.

Graetz, Jason Allan (Mastic, NY); Reilly, James J. (Bellport, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

137

Bevill and the Aluminum Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... particularly the import, mining, refining and primary production of aluminum. ... Experience with Commissioning New Generation Gas Suspension Calciner.

138

EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Map Site Map Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on Google Bookmark EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on Delicious Rank EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on Digg Find More places to share EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Site Map on AddThis.com... Site Map About Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program Weatherization Services

139

Qualification of aluminum for OTEC heat exchangers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The basis for qualification of aluminum as a material for use as tubing in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion heat exchangers is reviewed. Reference is made to compendia of data from tests of aluminum alloys in natural sea water and to applicable service records. Data from these sources were found to be inadequate to either qualify or disqualify aluminum. They serve only to identify the 5052 alloy and Alclad 3003 or 3004 as being worthy of additional testing under conditions more directly related to what will be encountered in OTEC heat exchangers. The principal deficiency of data from long-time tests in natural sea water is that in almost all of these tests the specimens were exposed under static conditions that caused the surfaces to be covered by marine fouling organisms that would not be present in heat exchanger tubes. The tests did not take into account possible effects of periodic mechanical or chemical treatments to remove fouling or chemical treatments (chlorination) to prevent fouling. A current testing program sponsored by the Department of Energy through Argonne National Laboratory is designed to provide the needed data. Limited tests in high velocity sea water have indicated that aluminum tubes would tolerate the velocities under 10 ft (3 m) per second likely to be used in OTEC heat exchangers.

LaQue, F.L.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Particle simulations of space weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the application of particle simulation techniques to the full kinetic study of space weather events. We focus especially on the methods designed to overcome the difficulties created by the tremendous range of time and space scales present in ... Keywords: Adaptive, Implicit, Particle-in-cell, Space weather

Giovanni Lapenta

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An augmented reality weather system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents ARWeather, a simulation application, which can simulate three types of precipitation: rain, snow, and hail. We examined a range of weather phenomenon and how they may be simulated in a mobile augmented reality system. ARWeather was ... Keywords: augmented reality, multimodal weather simulation

Marko Heinrich; Bruce H. Thomas; Stefan Mueller; Christian Sandor

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Aluminum battery alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aluminum alloys suitable for use as anode structures in electrochemical cells are disclosed. These alloys include iron levels higher than previously felt possible, due to the presence of controlled amounts of manganese, with possible additions of magnesium and controlled amounts of gallium.

Thompson, D.S.; Scott, D.H.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Aluminum battery alloys  

SciTech Connect

Aluminum alloys suitable for use as anode structures in electrochemical cs are disclosed. These alloys include iron levels higher than previously felt possible, due to the presence of controlled amounts of manganese, with possible additions of magnesium and controlled amounts of gallium.

Thompson, David S. (Richmond, VA); Scott, Darwin H. (Mechanicsville, VA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Home Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Weatherization Home Weatherization A home energy audit is the first step to saving energy and money. Our Energy Saver 101 infographic breaks down a home energy audit, explaining what energy auditors look for and the special tools they use to determine where a home is wasting energy. Explore the full infographic now. A home energy audit is the first step to saving energy and money. Our Energy Saver 101 infographic breaks down a home energy audit, explaining what energy auditors look for and the special tools they use to determine where a home is wasting energy. Explore the full infographic now. From air sealing to improving ventilation to adding insulation, home weatherization helps consumers save money by saving energy. Weatherization

145

Weather Value at Risk: On the Measurement of Noncatastrophic Weather Risk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation of weather risk entails two important objectives: indicating the economic impact of weather variability and climate change, and evaluating the use of weather derivatives in weather risk reduction and climate change adaptation ...

Christoph Toeglhofer; Roland Mestel; Franz Prettenthaler

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Century of Monitoring Weather and Crops: The Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Publication of a national weekly weather summary called the Weekly Weather Chronicle began in 1872. This summary was the precursor of today's Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin (WWCB), a publication that reports global weather and climate ...

Thomas R. Heddinghaus; Douglas M. Le Comte

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

SOLDERING OF ALUMINUM BASE METALS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent deals with the soldering of aluminum to metals of different types, such as copper, brass, and iron. This is accomplished by heating the aluminum metal to be soldered to slightly above 30 deg C, rubbing a small amount of metallic gallium into the part of the surface to be soldered, whereby an aluminum--gallium alloy forms on the surface, and then heating the aluminum piece to the melting point of lead--tin soft solder, applying lead--tin soft solder to this alloyed surface, and combining the aluminum with the other metal to which it is to be soldered.

Erickson, G.F.

1958-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Weather Factors and Performance of Network Utilities: A Methodology and Application to Electricity Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and that weather can be represented only by two weather variables, i.e. w1 and w2. A convenient way to compress the above cost function is: ),,,,(),(),,( 2121 wwpqymwwgpqyQC ??? (5b) 4 Here we apply... : ),(),,( 21 wwgpqyQC ?? (9) In addition to (8), another sufficient condition can be tested in the context of a quadratic cost function. Here the sufficient condition is that all weather variables share the same parameters, that is: 6 qqq ppp...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Orea, Luis; Pollitt, Michael G.

149

Weather Classification Using Passive Acoustic Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather observations are needed in remote oceanic regions to support numerical weather forecast models, to provide surface truth for satellite sensors, and to help understand global weather patterns. An acoustic mini-drifting buoy using no moving ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Harry D. Selsor

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The FLOWS Automatic Weather Station Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes in detail the FLOWS (FAA-Lincoln Laboratory Operational Weather Studies) automatic weather station network which is being used in the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar program to assess the radar detectability of wind shear and ...

Marilyn M. Wolfson

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Antarctic Satellite Meteorology: Applications for Weather Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For over 30 years, weather forecasting for the Antarctic continent and adjacent Southern Ocean has relied on weather satellites. Significant advancements in forecasting skill have come via the weather satellite. The advent of the high-resolution ...

Matthew A. Lazzara; Linda M. Keller; Charles R. Stearns; Jonathan E. Thom; George A. Weidner

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Commercial Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. Commercial buildings consume 19 percent of the energy used in the U.S.

153

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Assistance Technical Assistance Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Technical Assistance on AddThis.com... Quick Links Solution Center Weatherization Assistance Program Technical Assistance Center

154

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery Act to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program WAP - Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Grants WAP - Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program State Energy Program Energy Efficiency & Conservation Block Grant Program

155

Infiltration as ventilation: Weather-induced dilution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infiltration as ventilation: Weather-induced dilution Title Infiltration as ventilation: Weather-induced dilution Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5795E Year of...

156

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Department of Labor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Guidance Program Guidance Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Department of Labor Prevailing Wage Determinations for Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) - Revised December 2009 to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Department of Labor Prevailing Wage Determinations for Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) - Revised December 2009 on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Department of Labor Prevailing Wage Determinations for Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) - Revised December 2009 on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Department of Labor Prevailing Wage Determinations for Weatherization Assistance Program

157

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Information Resources on AddThis.com... Publications Weatherization Assistance Program Resources

158

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Tribal Energy Program on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program

159

weather station data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse Upload data GDR Community Login | Sign Up Search Facebook icon Twitter icon weather station data Dataset Summary Description Weather resource data for the United...

160

Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Success Stories | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Success Stories Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Success Stories November 3, 2009 - 6:00am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and...

162

Chelan County PUD - Residential Weatherization Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Maximum Rebate 2,500 Program Information District of...

163

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Data Viewer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Data Viewer Weather Data Viewer Weather Data Viewer logo. Displays actual design values, coincident/joint frequency tables, or summary statistics for dry bulb, dewpoint, wet bulb, enthalpy (H), and wind speed for the locations given in the climatic design information chapter of the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals (HOF). Design conditions were determined for 509 US, 134 Canadian, 339 European, 293 Asian and 169 other worldwide locations for a total of 1444 locations. Thirty-three years of hourly weather data were used for approximately 1/2 of the US and all of the Canadian locations. Twelve years of data were used for the other locations. The data went through quality checking and short-term linear interpolation filling processes. Months which had sufficient data were then

164

Re: Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs (OWIP) |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs (OWIP) Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs (OWIP) Re: Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs (OWIP) In recent conversations between our agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) requested the assistance of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) in developing a tool that the Department of Energy could share with the States administering the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG), State Energy Plan (SEP), and the Weatherization Assistance (WAP) Programs. Since DOE must comply with the requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act as a condition of obligating Federal funds, including American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 monies, we explored options that would expedite

165

20th Century Global Weather Reanalysis Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20th Century 20th Century Reanalysis Project 20th Century Reanalysis Project Key Challenges: Assimilate historical weather observations from sources as diverse as 19th century sea captains and turn of the century explorers and medical doctors, to reconstruct a comprehensive global atmospheric circulation dataset in six-hour intervals from 1871 to the present. Use this dataset to analyze (and reanalyze) global weather conditions over that period of time. Why it Matters: Using historical climate data will help us understand current weather patterns, especially for extreme weather events. It will help explain climate variations that may have misinformed early-century policy decisions and will provide an important validation check on climate models being used to make 21st-century climate projections. Results from

166

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

167

Winter Demand Impacted by Weather  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: Heating oil demand is strongly influenced by weather. The "normal" numbers are the expected values for winter 2000-2001 used in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. The chart...

168

Polarimetry for Weather Surveillance Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an overview of weather radar polarimetry emphasizing surveillance applications. The following potential benefits to operations are identified: improvement of quantitative precipitation measurements, discrimination of hail from rain ...

Dusan S. Zrnic; Alexander V. Ryzhkov

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Chaos, Strange Attractors, and Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the basic principles of the theory of dynamical systems are presented, introducing the reader to the concepts of chaos theory and strange attractors and their implications in meteorology. New numerical techniques to analyze weather data ...

A. A. Tsonis; J. B. Elsner

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety Lightning: What You Need to Know * NO PLACE outside is safe when thunderstorms are in the area * If you hear thunder, lightning is close enough...

171

Weather Modification A Theoretician's Viewpoint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Early progress in weather modification is attributed to a healthy interaction between theory and experiment. During the 1970s, a divergence of approaches took place. A “theoretical/experimental” approach, exemplified by the Cascade Project, ...

Kenneth C. Young

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Marine Observations of Old Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather observations are vital for climate change monitoring and prediction. For the world's oceans, there are many meteorological and oceanographic observations available back to the mid-twentieth century, but coverage is limited in earlier ...

Philip Brohan; Rob Allan; J. Eric Freeman; Anne M. Waple; Dennis Wheeler; Clive Wilkinson; Scott Woodruff

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cast Shop for Aluminum Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organizer(s), Trond Furu, Hydro ... Review at Several US Aluminum Die Cast Manufacturers Using Unique, Non-Wetting, Micro-Porous Refractory Products.

174

Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loss in Cathode Life Resulting from the Shutdown and Restart of Potlines at Aluminum Smelters · Lower Aluminium Production Cost through Refractory Material ...

175

Laser welding of aluminum alloys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent interest in reducing the weight of automobiles to increase fuel mileage has focused attention on the use of aluminum and associated joining technologies. Laser beam welding is one of the more promising methods for high speed welding of aluminum. Consequently, substantial effort has been expended in attempting to develop a robust laser beam welding process. Early results have not been very consistent in the process requirements but more definitive data has been produced recently. This paper reviews the process parameters needed to obtain consistent laser welds on 5,000 series aluminum alloys and discusses the research necessary to make laser processing of aluminum a reality for automotive applications.

Leong, K.H.; Sabo, K.R.; Sanders, P.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Technology Development Div.; Spawr, W.J.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Aluminum Alloys for Packaging II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 1996 ... An update is provided of all aspects of can stock materials and the fundamentals of can making, including: the physical metallurgy of aluminum ...

177

Aluminum: Technology, Applications, and Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 1, 1998 ... Print Book: Aluminium - Rolling (Process, Principle & Applications). Print Book: Hall-Héroult Centennial: First Century of Aluminum Process ...

178

Aluminum 2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of Strain Induced Surface Topography of 6XXX Series Aluminum Sheet Under Balanced Biaxial Tension [pp. 83-90] S.W. Banovic and T. Foecke.

179

Aluminum Alloys for Packaging III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 1998... of aluminum can stock, lid stock, and tab stock alloys; coatings; and their related applications to can, lid, and tab making could be presented.

180

Molten Salts, Magnesium and Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011 ... Chloride 2011: Practice and Theory of Chloride-Based Metallurgy: Molten Salts, Magnesium and Aluminum Sponsored by: The Minerals, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Downscaling Extended Weather Forecasts for Hydrologic Prediction  

SciTech Connect

Weather and climate forecasts are critical inputs to hydrologic forecasting systems. The National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) issues 8-15 days outlook daily for the U.S. based on the Medium Range Forecast (MRF) model, which is a global model applied at about 2? spatial resolution. Because of the relatively coarse spatial resolution, weather forecasts produced by the MRF model cannot be applied directly to hydrologic forecasting models that require high spatial resolution to represent land surface hydrology. A mesoscale atmospheric model was used to dynamically downscale the 1-8 day extended global weather forecasts to test the feasibility of hydrologic forecasting through this model nesting approach. Atmospheric conditions of each 8-day forecast during the period 1990-2000 were used to provide initial and boundary conditions for the mesoscale model to produce an 8-day atmospheric forecast for the western U.S. at 30 km spatial resolution. To examine the impact of initialization of the land surface state on forecast skill, two sets of simulations were performed with the land surface state initialized based on the global forecasts versus land surface conditions from a continuous mesoscale simulation driven by the NCEP reanalysis. Comparison of the skill of the global and downscaled precipitation forecasts in the western U.S. showed higher skill for the downscaled forecasts at all precipitation thresholds and increasingly larger differences at the larger thresholds. Analyses of the surface temperature forecasts show that the mesoscale forecasts generally reduced the root-mean-square error by about 1.5 C compared to the global forecasts, because of the much better resolved topography at 30 km spatial resolution. In addition, initialization of the land surface states has large impacts on the temperature forecasts, but not the precipitation forecasts. The improvements in forecast skill using downscaling could be potentially significant for improving hydrologic forecasts for managing river basins.

Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Qian, Yun

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

System Demonstration Multilingual Weather Forecast Generation System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Demonstration Multilingual Weather Forecast Generation System Tianfang Yao DongmoZhang Qian (Multilingual Weather Forecasts Assistant) system will be demonstrated. It is developed to generate the multilingual text of the weather forecasts automatically. The raw data from the weather observation can be used

183

Weatherization Assistance Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Weatherization Assistance Program Weatherization Assistance Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Weatherization Assistance Program Place Washington, DC Website http://http://www1.eere.energy References Weatherization Assistance Program[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Weatherization Assistance Program is a company located in Washington, DC. References ↑ "Weatherization Assistance Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Weatherization_Assistance_Program&oldid=381735" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

184

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Financial Opportunities on AddThis.com... Financial Opportunities On this page, you can read about how the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

185

EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Contacts Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on Google Bookmark EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on Delicious Rank EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on Digg Find More places to share EERE: Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Web site and program contacts are provided below. Web Site Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about

186

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Guidance Program Guidance Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Historic Preservation on AddThis.com... Closeout Guidance Recovery Act Monitoring & Reporting

187

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Guidance Program Guidance Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Closeout Guidance on AddThis.com... Closeout Guidance Recovery Act Monitoring & Reporting National Environmental Policy Act

188

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Guidance Program Guidance Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Program Guidance on AddThis.com... Closeout Guidance Recovery Act Monitoring & Reporting National Environmental Policy Act

189

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail and the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Recovery Act and the Weatherization Assistance Program on

190

Production of aluminum metal by electrolysis of aluminum sulfide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Production of metallic aluminum by the electrolysis of Al.sub.2 S.sub.3 at 700.degree.-800.degree. C. in a chloride melt composed of one or more alkali metal chlorides, and one or more alkaline earth metal chlorides and/or aluminum chloride to provide improved operating characteristics of the process.

Minh, Nguyen Q. (Woodridge, IL); Loutfy, Raouf O. (Tucson, AZ); Yao, Neng-Ping (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Selective Adsorption of Sodium Aluminum Fluoride Salts from Molten Aluminum  

SciTech Connect

Aluminum is produced in electrolytic reduction cells where alumina feedstock is dissolved in molten cryolite (sodium aluminum fluoride) along with aluminum and calcium fluorides. The dissolved alumina is then reduced by electrolysis and the molten aluminum separates to the bottom of the cell. The reduction cell is periodically tapped to remove the molten aluminum. During the tapping process, some of the molten electrolyte (commonly referred as “bath” in the aluminum industry) is carried over with the molten aluminum and into the transfer crucible. The carryover of molten bath into the holding furnace can create significant operational problems in aluminum cast houses. Bath carryover can result in several problems. The most troublesome problem is sodium and calcium pickup in magnesium-bearing alloys. Magnesium alloying additions can result in Mg-Na and Mg-Ca exchange reactions with the molten bath, which results in the undesirable pickup of elemental sodium and calcium. This final report presents the findings of a project to evaluate removal of molten bath using a new and novel micro-porous filter media. The theory of selective adsorption or removal is based on interfacial surface energy differences of molten aluminum and bath on the micro-porous filter structure. This report describes the theory of the selective adsorption-filtration process, the development of suitable micro-porous filter media, and the operational results obtained with a micro-porous bed filtration system. The micro-porous filter media was found to very effectively remove molten sodium aluminum fluoride bath by the selective adsorption-filtration mechanism.

Leonard S. Aubrey; Christine A. Boyle; Eddie M. Williams; David H. DeYoung; Dawid D. Smith; Feng Chi

2007-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

192

Activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions and ...  

In one aspect, the invention relates to activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions containing aluminum hydride in the presence of, or absence of ...

193

Weather Support to Deicing Decision Making (WSDDM): A Winter Weather Nowcasting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a winter weather nowcasting system called Weather Support to Deicing Decision Making (WSDDM), designed to provide airline, airport, and air traffic users with winter weather information relevant to their operations. The ...

Roy Rasmussen; Mike Dixon; Frank Hage; Jeff Cole; Chuck Wade; John Tuttle; Starr McGettigan; Thomas Carty; Lloyd Stevenson; Warren Fellner; Shelly Knight; Eli Karplus; Nancy Rehak

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

An Assessment of Areal Coverage of Severe Weather Parameters for Severe Weather Outbreak Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The areal extent of severe weather parameters favorable for significant severe weather is evaluated as a means of identifying major severe weather outbreaks. The first areal coverage method uses kernel density estimation (KDE) to identify severe ...

Chad M. Shafer; Andrew E. Mercer; Michael B. Richman; Lance M. Leslie; Charles A. Doswell III

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Post-processing of ensemble weather forecasts using a stochastic weather generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a new statistical method for post-processing ensemble weather forecasts using a stochastic weather generator. Key parameters of the weather generator were linked to the ensemble forecast means for both precipitation and ...

Jie Chen; François P. Brissette; Zhi Li

196

Cathy Zoi on Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Weatherization Cathy Zoi on Weatherization Addthis Description The Weatherization Assistance Program is now weatherizing 25,000 homes each month. So far 10,000 jobs have been created under the Recovery Act. Speakers Cathy Zoi Duration 1:41 Topic Home Weatherization Energy Economy Credit Energy Department Video CATHY ZOI: Hi, there. I'm Cathy Zoi, assistant secretary of energy at the Department of Energy, and I'm here to talk a little bit about the Weatherization Assistance Program. As you all know, the weatherization program was funded to the tune of $5 billion under the recovery act, and that was a huge ramp-up from what we had in the past. What I'm here to say to you is, congratulations, because we've actually reached our run rate. We are now weatherizing

197

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Grants on

198

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program on Digg

199

Weather pattern climatology of the Great Plains and the related wind regime  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The meteorology of the Great Plains can be described as a constant progression of air masses, fronts and cyclonic storm systems. Each of these meteorological conditions can be characterized by identifiable isobaric and related weather parameter patterns. Nine such patterns have been defined to type the weather patterns in the Great Plains. Time series of weather pattern types were produced for 62 stations on the Great Plains. Statistical analyses of these time series produced annual and seasonal frequencies of occurrence of the weather pattern types. Maps of the annual and seasonal frequency of occurrence of weather pattern type are presented for the Great Plains. Persistence and alternation frequencies match what is expected for traveling temperate latitude cyclones, anticyclones and fronts. The wind regime for stations at which the anemometer height and location was constant (and known) for a minimum of three consecutive years was stratified by weather pattern type. Statistical analyses were made to show the response of the wind to the large-scale distribution of air pressure associated with a weather pattern type. The response of the wind to the weather pattern is a site-specific result of the interaction of the large-scale meteorology with local terrain, surface roughness and atmospheric stability. Mean wind speed discriminates between pairs of weather pattern types with better than 75% confidence for more than two-thirds of the possible pairs of weather pattern types.

Barchet, W.R.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather model using an ensemble approach. The accuracy of the forecast trends and uncertainty bounds are validated using real meteorological data. We present a numerical simulation study in a building system to demonstrate the developments.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Aviation Weather Information Requirements Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Aviation Safety Program (AvSP) has as its goal an improvement in aviation safety by a factor of 5 over the next 10 years and a factor of 10 over the next 20 years. Since weather has a big impact on aviation safety and is associated with 30 percent ...

Keel Byron M.; Stancil Charles E.; Eckert Clifford A.; Brown Susan M.; Gimmestad Gary G.; Richards Mark A.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Aluminum: Industry of the future  

SciTech Connect

For over a century, the US aluminum industry has led the global market with advances in technology, product development, and marketing. Industry leaders recognize both the opportunities and challenges they face as they head into the 21st century, and that cooperative R and D is key to their success. In a unique partnership, aluminum industry leaders have teamed with the US Department of Energy`s Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) to focus on innovative technologies that will help to strengthen the competitive position of the US aluminum industry and, at the same time, further important national goals. This industry-led partnership, the Aluminum Industry of the Future, promotes technologies that optimize the use of energy and materials in operations and reduce wastes and energy-related emissions. Led by The Aluminum Association, industry leaders began by developing a unified vision of future market, business, energy, and environmental goals. Their vision document, Partnerships for the Future, articulates a compelling vision for the next 20 years: to maintain and grow the aluminum industry through the manufacture and sale of competitively priced, socially desirable, and ecologically sustainable products. Continued global leadership in materials markets will require the combined resources of industry, universities, and government laboratories. By developing a unified vision, the aluminum industry has provided a framework for the next step in the Industries of the Future process, the development of a technology roadmap designed to facilitate cooperative R and D.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Spray Rolling Aluminum Strip  

SciTech Connect

Spray forming is a competitive low-cost alternative to ingot metallurgy for manufacturing ferrous and non-ferrous alloy shapes. It produces materials with a reduced number of processing steps, while maintaining materials properties, with the possibility of near-net-shape manufacturing. However, there are several hurdles to large-scale commercial adoption of spray forming: 1) ensuring strip is consistently flat, 2) eliminating porosity, particularly at the deposit/substrate interface, and 3) improving material yield. Through this program, a new strip/sheet casting process, termed spray rolling, has been developed, which is an innovative manufacturing technique to produce aluminum net-shape products. Spray rolling combines the benefits of twin-roll casting and conventional spray forming, showing a promising potential to overcome the above hurdles associated with spray forming. Spray rolling requires less energy and generates less scrap than conventional processes and, consequently, enables the development of materials with lower environmental impacts in both processing and final products. Spray Rolling was developed as a collaborative project between the University of California-Davis, the Colorado School of Mines, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, and an industry team. The following objectives of this project were achieved: (1) Demonstration of the feasibility of the spray rolling process at the bench-scale level and evaluation of the materials properties of spray rolled aluminum strip alloys; and (2) Demonstration of 2X scalability of the process and documentation of technical hurdles to further scale up and initiate technology transfer to industry for eventual commercialization of the process.

Lavernia, E.J.; Delplanque, J-P; McHugh, K.M.

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

Energy Department Awards $92.5 Million to 19 States to Weatherize Homes of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

92.5 Million to 19 States to Weatherize 92.5 Million to 19 States to Weatherize Homes of Low-Income Families Energy Department Awards $92.5 Million to 19 States to Weatherize Homes of Low-Income Families July 18, 2005 - 2:22pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced that $92.5 million has been awarded to 19 states to improve the energy efficiency of low-income family homes. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program makes improvements such as plugging air leaks, improving insulation and tuning air conditioning and heating systems, which reduces energy waste and lowers energy bills. Through DOE's weatherization program, approximately 92,300 homes will be upgraded this year. "The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program helps

205

Weather-Corrected Performance Ratio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system performance depends on both the quality of the system and the weather. One simple way to communicate the system performance is to use the performance ratio (PR): the ratio of the electricity generated to the electricity that would have been generated if the plant consistently converted sunlight to electricity at the level expected from the DC nameplate rating. The annual system yield for flat-plate PV systems is estimated by the product of the annual insolation in the plane of the array, the nameplate rating of the system, and the PR, which provides an attractive way to estimate expected annual system yield. Unfortunately, the PR is, again, a function of both the PV system efficiency and the weather. If the PR is measured during the winter or during the summer, substantially different values may be obtained, making this metric insufficient to use as the basis for a performance guarantee when precise confidence intervals are required. This technical report defines a way to modify the PR calculation to neutralize biases that may be introduced by variations in the weather, while still reporting a PR that reflects the annual PR at that site given the project design and the project weather file. This resulting weather-corrected PR gives more consistent results throughout the year, enabling its use as a metric for performance guarantees while still retaining the familiarity this metric brings to the industry and the value of its use in predicting actual annual system yield. A testing protocol is also presented to illustrate the use of this new metric with the intent of providing a reference starting point for contractual content.

Dierauf, T.; Growitz, A.; Kurtz, S.; Cruz, J. L. B.; Riley, E.; Hansen, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Weather Effects on European Agricultural Output 1850-1913  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 4 The following correlation coefficients were calculated for the effects of weather shocks on production: Britain and France, r= 0.34; Britain and Germany, r=0.27; France and Germany, r=0.51. 5 The timing of tariff changes was also conditioned... are known to be weather sensitive, including construction and energy demand. Considering a broader set of sectors can clarify to what extent shocks were sector-specific. However, it should be emphasised that, in the period being analysed, the size...

Solomou, Solomos; Wu, Weike

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Attic or Roof? An Evaluation of Two Advanced Weatherization Packages  

SciTech Connect

This project examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago brick bungalow. One strategy applies best practice air sealing methods and a standard insulation method to the attic floor. The other strategy creates an unvented roof assembly using materials and methods typically available to weatherization contractors. Through implementations of the retrofit strategies in a total of eight (8) test homes, the research found that the two different strategies achieve similar reductions in air leakage measurement (55%) and predicted energy performance (18%) relative to the pre-retrofit conditions.

Neuhauser, K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials More Documents & Publications...

209

Response to Weatherization Questions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions August 30, 2010 - 4:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week as part of Vice President Biden's announcement of 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery act, we asked you to send us your questions and comments about the weatherization process. Today, we're following up with answers experts from the Department's Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: 1) From edmooney via Twitter: @Energy Besides caulking, what are the best values in weatherization for the Northeast region. #weatherization Nationwide, the energy-efficient retrofits that consistently provide the best return on investment involve sealing gaps in the building envelope

210

A Fingerprinting Technique for Major Weather Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in numerical weather prediction have occurred on numerous fronts, from sophisticated physics packages in the latest mesoscale models to multimodel ensembles of medium-range predictions. Thus, the skill of numerical weather forecasts ...

Benjamin Root; Paul Knight; George Young; Steven Greybush; Richard Grumm; Ron Holmes; Jeremy Ross

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Measures of Economic Impacts of Weather Extremes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the primary driving forces behind weather research and development has been the losses caused by weather extremes. Unfortunately, available loss values have been more qualitative than quantitative. There has never been a concerted, ...

Stanley D. Changnon

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and L.S. Rose. 2002. “Aging of reflective roofs: sootAging and Weathering of Cool Roofing Membranes HashemNRC), Canada ABSTRACT Aging and weathering can reduce the

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Operational Weather Radar Network in Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational weather radar network in Europe covers more than 30 countries and contains more than 200 weather radars. The radar network is heterogeneous in hardware, signal processing, transmit/receive frequency, and scanning strategy, thus making it ...

Asko Huuskonen; Elena Saltikoff; Iwan Holleman

214

Optimal Planning of a Weather Radar Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to the optimal planning of a weather radar network is presented. In the approach, several aspects affecting the planning decision, including terrain blockage, the need to measure with two Doppler weather radars in some regions, and ...

R. Minciardi; R. Sacile; F. Siccardi

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Laser Weather Identifier: Present and Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prototype Laser Weather Identifier (LWI) systems designed to detect fog, rain and snow were tested for several months at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, and at the AFGL Weather Test Facility at Otis Air Force Base, Massachusetts. We ...

Ting-I. Wang; R. Lataitis; R. S. Lawrence; G. R. Ochs

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Response to Weatherization Questions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions August 30, 2010 - 4:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week as part of Vice President Biden's announcement of 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery act, we asked you to send us your questions and comments about the weatherization process. Today, we're following up with answers experts from the Department's Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: 1) From edmooney via Twitter: @Energy Besides caulking, what are the best values in weatherization for the Northeast region. #weatherization Nationwide, the energy-efficient retrofits that consistently provide the best return on investment involve sealing gaps in the building envelope

217

Emergency Management Decision Making during Severe Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency managers make time-sensitive decisions in order to protect the public from threats including severe weather. Simulation and questionnaires were used to capture the decision-making process of emergency managers during severe weather ...

Leigh A. Baumgart; Ellen J. Bass; Brenda Philips; Kevin Kloesel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Electrolyte treatment for aluminum reduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of treating an electrolyte for use in the electrolytic reduction of alumina to aluminum employing an anode and a cathode, the alumina dissolved in the electrolyte, the treating improving wetting of the cathode with molten aluminum during electrolysis. The method comprises the steps of providing a molten electrolyte comprised of ALF.sub.3 and at least one salt selected from the group consisting of NaF, KF and LiF, and treating the electrolyte by providing therein 0.004 to 0.2 wt. % of a transition metal or transition metal compound for improved wettability of the cathode with molten aluminum during subsequent electrolysis to reduce alumina to aluminum.

Brown, Craig W. (Seattle, WA); Brooks, Richard J. (Seattle, WA); Frizzle, Patrick B. (Seattle, WA); Juric, Drago D. (Bulleen, AU)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

It's Elemental - The Element Aluminum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Company of America, or Alcoa. When it opened, his company could produce about 25 kilograms of aluminum a day. By 1909, his company was producing about 41,000 kilograms of...

220

Gelcasting of aluminum titanate. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was undertaken to assess the applicability of the gelcasting process for forming automotive exhaust port liner green bodies using Golden Technologies` proprietary aluminum titanate powder composition. A gelcasting process, specifically tailored to Golden Technologies` powder, was developed and used successfully to form green bodies for property evaluation. Using appropriate milling and firing conditions, it was found that the gelcast material had properties which compared favorably with Golden Technologies` baseline material. Tubular gelcast samples simulating exhaust port liners were prepared and shipped to Golden Technologies for final process evaluation.

Nunn, S.D.; Stephan, J.E.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Microstructure of Ice Accretions Grown on Aluminum Conductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to study the microstructure of glaze and rime deposits formed on the conductors of power lines, ice accretions are grown on a slowly rotating aluminum cylinder placed in the working section of a wind tunnel. The growth conditions cover ...

Jean-Louis Laforte; Luan C. Phan; Béatrice Felin

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide Energy Assessments at Two Aluminum Sheet Production Operations;  

SciTech Connect

DOE Industrial Technologies Program case study describes the savings possible if Commonwealth Aluminum (now Aleris Rolled Products) makes improvements noted in energy assessments at two aluminum mills.

Not Available

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Objective Identification of Echoes Due to Anomalous Propagation in Weather Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serious contamination of weather radar data can occur in atmospheric conditions that cause anomalous propagation of the radar beam. Excessive downward refraction of the beam may be sufficient to cause ground returns (“anaprop”), which may be ...

J. A. Pamment; B. J. Conway

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

An Evaluation of the Distribution of Remote Automated Weather Stations (RAWS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study estimates whether surface observations of temperature, moisture, and wind at some stations in the continental United States are less critical than others for specifying weather conditions in the vicinity of those stations. Two-...

John D. Horel; Xia Dong

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Use of Quasi-Nonhydrostatic Models for Mesoscale Weather Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been extensive study of the mathematical basis of weather prediction leading to a new system of continuous equations that are well posed, and a set of conditions that make discrete atmospheric and other models stable ...

A. E. MacDonald; J. L. Lee; Y. Xie

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Linear Regime Duration: Is 24 Hours a Long Time in Synoptic Weather Forecasting?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Day-to-day variations in the growth of uncertainty in the current state of the atmosphere have led to operational ensemble weather predictions in which an ensemble of different initial conditions, each perturbed from the best estimate of the ...

Isla Gilmour; Leonard A. Smith; Roberto Buizza

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Modeling Occurrences of Non-VFR Weather: A Case Study for Design of Flight Instruction Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective methods in which climatology is considered are needed in the design of flight instruction programs. Weather conditions less than the minimum (LM) thresholds designated for Minimum Instructional Visual Flight Rules (MIVFR) were defined ...

Thomas Q. Carney; Robert F. Dale

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre Addthis Description Ride along with some weatherizers in Wilkes-Barre, PA, as they blower door test, manage z-doors, and dense pack their way to an energy efficient future one house at a time. Speakers Joe Calore, Paul Dunn, Glenn Curtis Duration 2:29 Topic Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Consumption Recovery Act Energy Sector Jobs Credit Energy Department Video JOE CALORE: My name's Joe Calore. I'm the deputy weatherization director for Commission on Economic Opportunity in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Weatherization is a program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the concept is to perform work on homes to make homes more energy-efficient. Of the Recovery Act money, $5 billion was allocated towards the

229

Home Weatherization Visit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Visit Weatherization Visit Home Weatherization Visit Addthis Description Secretary Steven Chu visits a home that is in the process of being weatherized in Columbus, OH, along with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman. They discuss the benefits of weatherization and how funding from the recovery act is having a direct impact in communities across America. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu Duration 2:45 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Home Weatherization Home Energy Audits Energy Sector Jobs Credit Energy Department Video SECRETARY OF ENERGY STEVEN CHU: In this weatherization program, we are - we're investing money that - so we can hire local people to do the work. You save the money. That money then goes back into the economy locally. And oh, by the way, you're not - using less energy, so that

230

Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance June 10, 2010 - 12:41pm Addthis Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? More than 10,000 Ohio homes have been weatherized, making the state one of the national leaders in helping income-eligible families become more energy-efficient. Ohio has reached a milestone in the clean energy economy - more than 10,000 homes in the state have been weatherized, making the state one of the national leaders in helping income-eligible families become more energy-efficient. Ohio officials celebrated the success of weatherization work funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act with about 100 attendees at a

231

Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance June 10, 2010 - 12:41pm Addthis Ohio Celebrates Recovery Act Weatherization Program Performance Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? More than 10,000 Ohio homes have been weatherized, making the state one of the national leaders in helping income-eligible families become more energy-efficient. Ohio has reached a milestone in the clean energy economy - more than 10,000 homes in the state have been weatherized, making the state one of the national leaders in helping income-eligible families become more energy-efficient. Ohio officials celebrated the success of weatherization work funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act with about 100 attendees at a

232

Atmos Energy - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atmos Energy - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program Atmos Energy - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program Eligibility Residential...

233

Characterization of the Weatherization Assistance Program network. Weatherization Assistance Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Characterization of the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Network was designed to describe the national network of State and local agencies that provide WAP services to qualifying low-income households. The objective of this study was to profile the current WAP network. To achieve the objective, two national surveys were conducted: one survey collected data from 49 State WAP agencies (including the coterminous 48 States and the District of Columbia), and the second survey collected data from 920 (or 81 percent) of the local WAP agencies.

Mihlmester, P.E.; Koehler, W.C. Jr.; Beyer, M.A. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Applied Management Sciences Div.; Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Beschen, D.A. Jr. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Weatherization Assistance Programs

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Scaleable Clean Aluminum Melting Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project entitled 'Scaleable Clean Aluminum Melting Systems' was a Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Secat Inc. The three-year project was initially funded for the first year and was then canceled due to funding cuts at the DOE headquarters. The limited funds allowed the research team to visit industrial sites and investigate the status of using immersion heaters for aluminum melting applications. Primary concepts were proposed on the design of furnaces using immersion heaters for melting. The proposed project can continue if the funding agency resumes the funds to this research. The objective of this project was to develop and demonstrate integrated, retrofitable technologies for clean melting systems for aluminum in both the Metal Casting and integrated aluminum processing industries. The scope focused on immersion heating coupled with metal circulation systems that provide significant opportunity for energy savings as well as reduction of melt loss in the form of dross. The project aimed at the development and integration of technologies that would enable significant reduction in the energy consumption and environmental impacts of melting aluminum through substitution of immersion heating for the conventional radiant burner methods used in reverberatory furnaces. Specifically, the program would couple heater improvements with furnace modeling that would enable cost-effective retrofits to a range of existing furnace sizes, reducing the economic barrier to application.

Han, Q.; Das, S.K. (Secat, Inc.)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Weather condition double checking in internet SCADA environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The function of SCADA is collecting of the information, transferring it back to the central site, carrying out any necessary analysis and control and then displaying that information on a number of operator screens. Systems automatically control the ... Keywords: API, SCADA, control systems, telecontrol

Tai-Hoon Kim

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Double checking weather condition in internet SCADA environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The function of SCADA is collecting of the information, transferring it back to the central site, carrying out any necessary analysis and control and then displaying that information on a number of operator screens. Systems automatically control the ... Keywords: API, SCADA, control systems, teleControl

Rosslin John Robles; Tai-Hoon Kim

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ground-Based Passive Microwave Profiling during Dynamic Weather Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-period (1–5 min) temperature and humidity soundings up to 10-km height are retrieved from ground-based 12-channel microwave radiometer profiler (MWRP) observations. In contrast to radiosondes, the radiometric retrievals provide very high ...

K. R. Knupp; T. Coleman; D. Phillips; R. Ware; D. Cimini; F. Vandenberghe; J. Vivekanandan; E. Westwater

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Mountain-Induced Convection under Fair Weather Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the structure of dry convection over an isolated mountain range heated by the sun are presented. Filter techniques are used to deduce those scales of motion of significance to the circulation. A two-scale process is observed in ...

David Raymond; Marvin Wilkening

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Electrolytic Cell For Production Of Aluminum From Alumina  

SciTech Connect

An electrolytic cell for producing aluminum from alumina having a reservoir for collecting molten aluminum remote from the electrolysis.

Bradford, Donald R (Underwood, WA); Barnett, Robert J. (Goldendale, WA); Mezner, Michael B. (Sandy, OR)

2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

TMS 2012 Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis Course Schedule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 9, 2012 ... Temperature and Aluminum Fluoride. Barry Welch. 11:00 - 12:00. 10: Aluminum Fluoride Variations and Control. Barry Welch. 12:00 - 13:00.

242

Current technologies and trends of aluminum design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A literature review of current aluminum technology in the building and construction industry was carried out. Aluminum is an ideal material for building in corrosive environments and for building structures where small ...

Chen, Michael, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Aluminum-carbon composite electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance double layer capacitor having an electric double layer formed in the interface between activated carbon and an electrolyte is disclosed. The high performance double layer capacitor includes a pair of aluminum impregnated carbon composite electrodes having an evenly distributed and continuous path of aluminum impregnated within an activated carbon fiber preform saturated with a high performance electrolytic solution. The high performance double layer capacitor is capable of delivering at least 5 Wh/kg of useful energy at power ratings of at least 600 W/kg.

Farahmandi, C. Joseph (Auburn, AL); Dispennette, John M. (Auburn, AL)

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Clark Public Utilities - Residential Weatherization Loan Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Loan Program Weatherization Loan Program Clark Public Utilities - Residential Weatherization Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $15,000 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount up to $15,000 Provider Clark Public Utilities Loans of up to $15,000 at a 5.25% interest are available through Clark Public Utilities' Weatherization Loan Program. The loans can pay for the average local cost of eligible measures, based on recently completed projects. Customers have up to seven years to repay the loans, but monthly payments will be at least $25. The utility charges a $225 or $350 loan set-up fee, depending on the loan amount, which can be paid up front or

245

Maine's Weatherization Milestones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine's Weatherization Milestones Maine's Weatherization Milestones Maine's Weatherization Milestones August 24, 2010 - 5:44pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Thanks to $41.9 million in funding from the Recovery Act, the state of Maine expects to weatherize more than 4,400 homes Maine's state motto - "dirigo," Latin for "I lead," - is very fitting, especially when it comes to weatherization. With the help of nearly $41.9 million in funding from the Recovery Act, the state expects to weatherize more than 4,400 homes - creating jobs, reducing carbon emissions, and saving money for Maine's low-income families. Cathy Zoi, DOE's Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Maine's Governor John Baldacci spoke on a conference call last

246

Maine's Weatherization Milestones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine's Weatherization Milestones Maine's Weatherization Milestones Maine's Weatherization Milestones August 24, 2010 - 5:44pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Thanks to $41.9 million in funding from the Recovery Act, the state of Maine expects to weatherize more than 4,400 homes Maine's state motto - "dirigo," Latin for "I lead," - is very fitting, especially when it comes to weatherization. With the help of nearly $41.9 million in funding from the Recovery Act, the state expects to weatherize more than 4,400 homes - creating jobs, reducing carbon emissions, and saving money for Maine's low-income families. Cathy Zoi, DOE's Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Maine's Governor John Baldacci spoke on a conference call last

247

The Impact of Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Impact of Weatherization The Impact of Weatherization The Impact of Weatherization July 26, 2010 - 4:09pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? 25,000 homes weatherized a month. 82,000 homes this summer versus 3,000 last summer. As I mentioned last week, it's brutally hot outside right now. Temperature records are being shattered all across the country - and while we're always looking for ways to keep cool, weatherization is one process that guards a home against extreme temperatures on both ends of the thermometer. Whether it's installing cooling systems in areas of the country that can't catch a break from the heat, or caulking and insulating cracks in states where harsh winters seem almost endless, weatherizing your home can save more than $400 in the first year on heating

248

Celebrating National Weatherization Day | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Day Weatherization Day Celebrating National Weatherization Day November 1, 2010 - 1:55pm Addthis Watch the video above to get a firsthand look at the work happening in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania under the weatherization program. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy This weekend, communities across the country celebrated National Weatherization Day, highlighting the important work happening nationwide to save money for America's homeowners by investing in energy efficiency. As a result of the Recovery Act weatherization program, more than 245,000 low-income families have had their homes upgraded, which means these families are paying lower energy bills every month. The program has also helped to put thousands of workers on the job every day, helping to grow

249

The Impact of Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Impact of Weatherization The Impact of Weatherization The Impact of Weatherization July 26, 2010 - 4:09pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? 25,000 homes weatherized a month. 82,000 homes this summer versus 3,000 last summer. As I mentioned last week, it's brutally hot outside right now. Temperature records are being shattered all across the country - and while we're always looking for ways to keep cool, weatherization is one process that guards a home against extreme temperatures on both ends of the thermometer. Whether it's installing cooling systems in areas of the country that can't catch a break from the heat, or caulking and insulating cracks in states where harsh winters seem almost endless, weatherizing your home can save more than $400 in the first year on heating

250

TMS Short Course: Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electrolyte Compositions; Fluoride Emissions Control; Graphite Resistor and Gas ... the Variability and Control of Temperature and Aluminum Fluoride in Cells  ...

251

2013 TMS Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis Course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum Fluoride Variations and Control; Anode Cover; Anode Effect Mechanism and PFC Emission Rates; Anodes in Cells - Their Reactions and ...

252

Expansion and Collapse of Liquid Aluminum Foams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ESP Dust Recovery Process Test Works, Plant Trial, Commissioning, Operations and Metallurgical Performance · Expansion and Collapse of Liquid Aluminum ...

253

Aluminum Production Paths in the New Millennium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrochemical technologies face the same problems and challenges as present ... The driving force for developing new processes for aluminum smelting ...

254

Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Welding of Aluminum Wires for Cables Harnesses in the Automotive Industry ... Transmission Electron Microscopic Investigation of Sensitized Al-5083.

255

Fatigue Resistance of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Fatigue Resistance of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum ... Fatigue crack propagation (FCP) and fracture mechanism of Al-CNT  ...

256

TMS 2010 Networking Events: Aluminum Plenary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Home · Contact Us ... Technical Divisions Home .... Challenges and Opportunities Relative to Increased Usage of Aluminum within the Automotive Industry

257

Oxide Skin Strength Measurements on Molten Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, OXIDE SKIN STRENGTH MEASUREMENTS ON MOLTEN ALUMINUM – MANGANESE ALLOYS WITH AND WITHOUT SALT ON SURFACE

258

The China Factor: Aluminum Industry Impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... International Aluminium Institute, Japan Aluminium Association, South Korea Nonferrous Metals Association, and, for the first time, The Aluminum Association.

259

RECOVERY OF ALUMINUM FROM FISSION PRODUCTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is given for recovertng aluminum values from aqueous solutions containing said values together with fission products. A mixture of Fe/sub 2/O/ sub 3/ and MnO/sub 2/ is added to a solution containing aluminum and fission products. The resulting aluminum-containing supernatant is then separated from the fission product-bearing metal oxide precipitate and is contacted with a cation exchange resin. The aluminum sorbed on the resin is then eluted and recovered. (AEC)

Blanco, R.E.; Higgins, I.R.

1962-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Program Organizers: Zhengdong (Steven) Long, Kaiser Aluminum; Subodh Das, Phinix LLC; Tongguang Zhai, University of Kentucky; William ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

TMS Short Course: Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... lower energy consumption, improve metal quality and reduce environmental ... Formerly Kaiser Aluminum; Halvor Kvande, Hydro Aluminium Primary Metal, ...

262

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon Update from Secretary Chu Recovery Act Milestones President Barack Obama at UN Climate Change Summit Home Weatherization Visit Faces of the Recovery Act: National...

263

Internet Weather Source | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(NWS) National Telecommunications Gateway provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean...

264

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

result is a comprehensive pre-design climatesite analysis tool. Screen Shots Keywords weather data visualization, psychrometry, passive design analysis, optimum orientiation,...

265

Caulking/Weather-stripping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCaulkingWeather-stripping&oldid267150" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks What links...

266

RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION SPECIFICATIONS August 30, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION SPECIFICATIONS August 30, 2011 Index to Sections Section Page I. GENERAL............................................................................................35 #12;1 I. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS 1. These specifications apply to existing residential (retro

267

Idaho Falls Power- Residential Weatherization Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Residential customers with permanently installed electric heat who receive service from the City of Idaho Falls, are eligible for 0% weatherization loans. City Energy Service will conduct an...

268

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: Climate and Weather |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

269

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About the Guidelines...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: About the Guidelines for Home Energy...

270

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Employers and Contractors on Facebook Tweet...

271

Cooperative Weather Observations | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cooperative Weather Observations Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov Communities Agriculture...

272

Impacts of Extreme Weather on Power Systems and Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat storm events resulted in an abnormally high rate of failure among small distribution transformers across California in 2006 and 2007. Hurricanes, such as Katrina and Ike, also resulted in widespread damage to the power infrastructure and caused severe outages, which affected millions of customers for days. The costs of such events, and other extreme weather conditions, amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars in damages and brought heavy scrutiny from public officials and regulatory bodies. This ...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

273

Weather Bike: A Bicycle Based Weather Station for Observing Local Temperature Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SUMMARY. This short note has shown how a simple and inexpensive bicycle mounted portable weather station, dubbed the Weather Bike, can be used to make observations of local temperature variability. The magnitude of temperature changes observed near ...

John J. Cassano

274

Weatherization Grows in the Green Mountain State (Vermont): Weatherization Assistance Close-Up Fact Sheet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vermont demonstrates its commitment to technology and efficiency through the Weatherization Program. Weatherization uses advanced technologies and techniques to reduce energy costs for low-income families by increasing the energy efficiency of their homes.

D& R International

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Tribute to Weatherization Solutions in South Dakota: Weatherization Assistance Close-Up Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

South Dakota demonstrates its commitment to technology and efficiency through the Weatherization Program. Weatherization uses advanced technologies and techniques to reduce energy costs for low-income families by increasing the energy efficiency of their homes.

D& R International

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

Commercial Aluminum-Lithium Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Typical physical properties of selected aluminum-lithium alloys...-742 Elastic modulus, GPa (10 6 psi) 76 (11.0) 75 (10.9) 77 (11.2) Poisson's ratio 0.34 � � (a) Measured per ASTM G 60

277

Weather pattern climatology of the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this study the geographic domain covered the 48 conterminous states of the United States. The daily synoptic weather pattern was classified into nine types for the 10-year period January 1, 1969 to December 31, 1978. Weather pattern types were defined relative to the classical polar front model of a mid-latitude cyclonic storm system and its associated air masses. Guidelines for classifying weather patterns on an operational basis were developed. These were applied to 3652 daily surface weather maps to produce a time series of weather pattern type at 120 grid points of a 160 point, 3/sup 0/ latitude by 4/sup 0/ longitude array over the United States. Statistics on the frequency of occurrence, persistence and alternation of weather patterns were calculated for each grid point. Summary statistics for the entire grid and for six regions were also presented. Frequency of occurrence and persistence were found to depend on the size and speed of movement of the weather pattern. Large, slow moving air masses had higher frequency of occurrence and longer persistence than small (fronts) or rapidly moving (or changing) features (fronts, storm centers). Some types showed distinct regional preferences. The subtropical maritime high occurred mainly in the south central and southeast. An indeterminate weather pattern type accounted for those weather patterns that did not fit the polar front model or were too disorganized to be classified. The intermountain thermal low of the desert southwest was one such feature that dominated both frequency of occurrence and persistence in this region. Alternation from one weather pattern to another followed the polar front model of a moving cyclonic storm. The tendency for anticyclonic weather patterns to become disorganized as they weakened was seen in the high percentage of these patterns that changed to an indeterminate pattern as they aged.

Barchet, W.R.; Davis, W.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Winter Demand Impacted by Weather  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: Heating oil demand is strongly influenced by weather. The "normal" numbers are the expected values for winter 2000-2001 used in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. The chart indicates the extent to which the last winter exhibited below-normal heating degree-days (and thus below-normal heating demand). Temperatures were consistently warmer than normal throughout the 1999-2000 heating season. This was particularly true in November 1999, February 2001 and March 2001. For the heating season as a whole (October through March), the 1999-2000 winter yielded total HDDs 10.7% below normal. Normal temperatures this coming winter would, then, be expected to bring about 11% higher heating demand than we saw last year. Relative to normal, the 1999-2000 heating season was the warmest in

279

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety Lightning: What You Need to Know * NO PLACE outside is safe when thunderstorms are in the area!! * If you hear thunder, lightning is close enough to strike you. * When you hear thunder, immediately move to safe shelter: a substantial building with electricity or plumbing or an enclosed, metal-topped vehicle with windows up. * Stay in safe shelter at least 30 minutes after you hear the last sound of thunder. Indoor Lightning Safety * Stay off corded phones, computers and other electrical equipment that put you in direct contact with electricity. * Avoid plumbing, including sinks, baths and faucets. * Stay away from windows and doors, and stay off porches. * Do not lie on concrete floors, and do not lean against concrete walls.

280

Making Forecasts and Weather Normalization Work Together  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utility industry restructuring has changed the consistency between weather-normalized sales and energy forecasts. This Technology Review discusses the feasibility of integrating weather normalization and forecasting processes, and addresses whether the conflicting goal of obtaining greater consistency and accuracy with fewer staff resources can be met with more integrated approaches.

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Segmenting Time Series for Weather Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbines. In the domain of meteorology, time series data produced by numerical weather prediction (NWP) models is summarised as weather forecast texts. In the domain of gas turbines, sensor data from an operational gas turbine is summarised for the maintenance engineers. More details on SUMTIME have been

Reiter, Ehud

282

SPACE WEATHER RISKS FROM AN INSURANCE PERSPECTIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-weather-prone property and infrastructure includes: · satellites (e.g., solar panels & electronics: exposed to particle, telecommunication, internet, GPS etc.) · utility components (e.g., transformers: exposed to geomagnetic induced in the 1970s ­ typically designed for a life time of ~40 years Space Weather Risks B) Vulnerability Aged

Schrijver, Karel

283

Visually Accurate Multi-Field Weather Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather visualization is a difficult problem because it comprises volumetric multi-field data and traditional surface-based approaches obscure details of the complex three-dimensional structure of cloud dynamics. Therefore, visually accurate volumetric ... Keywords: Multi-Field Visualization, Visually Accurate Visualization, Weather Visualization

Kirk Riley; David Ebert; Charles Hansen; Jason Levit

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Residential Weatherization Study: 1987 Resource Strategy.  

SciTech Connect

The Residential Weatherization Program involves the installation of measures in existing homes. It is operated primarily through Bonneville's utility customers. Bonneville pays homeowners an incentive based upon the estimated energy savings obtained from installing Bonneville-approved weatherization efficiency measures.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Oldest and Largest WEATHER, p. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thunderstorm Haze Weather Systems High Pressure Low Pressure Hurricane Weather Fronts Trough Warm Front Cold of a measure known as the Disclose Act, which Van Hollen sponsored. --eric Lichtblau, The New York Times, and that fact has been quite apparent over the past week. Last Thursday, a deep low pressure system over

286

Estimating Air Conditioner Loads Using Available Billing and Weather Data: An Exploratory Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In limited testing, an innovative statistical technique for estimating the effects of residential air conditioners on system loads under various weather conditions produced encouraging results. The simple technique, which uses standard utility billing records and readily available weather data, could offer an inexpensive alternative to household monitoring. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Funders may download this report at http://my.primen.com/Applications/DE/Commun...

1985-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

287

Weatherization works: Final report of the National Weatherization Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored a comprehensive evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, the nation`s largest residential energy conservation program. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) managed the five-part study. This document summarizes the findings of the evaluation. Its conclusions are based mainly on data from the 1989 program year (supplemented by data from 1991-92). The evaluation concludes that the Program meets the objectives of its enabling legislation and fulfills its mission statement. Specifically, it (1) saves energy, (2) lowers fuel bills, and (3) improves the health and safety of dwellings occupied by low-income people. In addition, the Program achieves its mission in a cost-effective manner based on each of three perspectives employed by the evaluators. Finally, the evaluation estimates that the investments made in 1989 will, over a 20-year lifetime, save the equivalent of 12 million barrels of oil, roughly the amount of oil added to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in each of the past several years.

Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Kinney, L.F.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Alaska Native Weatherization Training and Jobs Program First Steps Toward Tribal Weatherization – Human Capacity Development  

SciTech Connect

The Alaska Native Weatherization Training and Jobs Project expanded weatherization services for tribal members’ homes in southeast Alaska while providing weatherization training and on the job training (OJT) for tribal citizens that lead to jobs and most probably careers in weatherization-related occupations. The program resulted in; (a) 80 Alaska Native citizens provided with skills training in five weatherization training units that were delivered in cooperation with University of Alaska Southeast, in accordance with the U.S. Department of Energy Core Competencies for Weatherization Training that prepared participants for employment in three weatherizationrelated occupations: Installer, Crew Chief, and Auditor; (b) 25 paid OJT training opportunities for trainees who successfully completed the training course; and (c) employed trained personnel that have begun to rehab on over 1,000 housing units for weatherization.

Wiita, Joanne

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Year for Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculations 2 Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2 logo. Contains typical year hourly weather data for 77 locations in the United States and Canada. The Weather Year for Energy...

290

Operations of the National Weather Service Spaceflight Meteorology Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather is a significant aspect of most space shuttle launches and landings. The National Weather Service Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) at Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas, provides weather forecasts and advice to support space ...

Frank C. Brody; Richard A. Lafosse; Dan G. Bellue; Timothy D. Oram

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Severe and Convective Weather: A Central Region Forecasting Challenge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is one of a series of papers dealing with operational weather forecasting within the Central Region of the National Weather Service. It focuses on the primary Central Region warm season weather producer, the thunderstorm. Some of the ...

Richard P. McNulty

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Method for Designing a Fire Weather Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fire weather stations used to be located only where observers were available. Now, remote automatic weather stations can sample weather without manual assistance, virtually anywhere, Locating them, however, remains a problem. An objective method ...

Francis M. Fujioka

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Realizations of Daily Weather in Forecast Seasonal Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stochastic daily weather time series models (?“weather generators”?) are parameterized consistent with both local climate and probabilistic seasonal forecasts. Both single-station weather generators, and spatial networks of coherently operating ...

D. S. Wilks

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

U.S. Economic Sensitivity to Weather Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To estimate the economic effects of weather variability in the United States, the authors define and measure weather sensitivity as the variability in economic output that is attributable to weather variability, accounting for changes in technology and ...

Jeffrey K. Lazo; Megan Lawson; Peter H. Larsen; Donald M. Waldman

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

DETERMINATION OF THE FRACTION OF GIBBSITE AND BOEHMITE FORMS OF ALUMINUM IN TANK 51H SLUDGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was tasked with developing a test to determine the fraction of the gibbsite and boehmite forms of aluminum in the sludge solids. Knowledge of the fractions of gibbsite and boehmite in the sludge contained in various waste tanks would facilitate better sludge mass reduction estimates and allow better planning/scheduling for sludge batch preparation. The composite sludge sample prepared for use in the test from several small samples remaining from the original 3-L sample appears to be representative of the original sample based on the characterization data. A Gibbsite/Boehmite Test was developed that uses 8 M NaOH and a temperature of 65 C to dissolve aluminum. The soluble aluminum concentration data collected during the test indicates that, for the three standards containing gibbsite, all of the gibbsite dissolved in approximately 2 hours. Under the test conditions boehmite dissolved at more than an order of magnitude more slowly than gibbsite. An estimate based on the soluble aluminum concentration from the sludge sample at two hours into the test indicates the sludge solids contain a form of aluminum that dissolves at a rate similar to the 100% Boehmite standard. Combined with the XRD data from the original 3-L sample, these results provide substantial evidence that the boehmite form of aluminum predominates in the sludge. A calculation from the results of the Gibbsite/Boehmite test indicates the sludge contains {approx}3% gibbsite and {approx}97% boehmite. The sludge waste in Tank 51H was recently treated under Low Temperature Aluminum Dissolution (LTAD) conditions and a substantial fraction of aluminum (i.e., sludge mass) was removed, avoiding production of over 100 glass canisters in Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Results of the Gibbsite/Boehmite test indicate that the aluminum in this sludge was in the form of the more difficult to dissolve boehmite form of aluminum. Since boehmite may be the dominant form of aluminum in Savannah River Site (SRS) waste tank sludge, this result suggests that the conditions of the LTAD process can be used to dissolve both the gibbsite and boehmite forms of aluminum in tank sludge and costly tank infrastructure upgrades required for the higher temperature baseline process can be avoided. However, this conclusion should be confirmed by testing additional waste tank samples.

Hay, M; Kofi Adu-Wusu, K; Daniel McCabe, D

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Objective Guidance for Use in Setting Tropical Cyclone Conditions of Readiness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Defense uses a Tropical Cyclone Conditions of Readiness (TC-CORs) system to prepare bases and evacuate assets and personnel in advance of adverse weather associated with tropical cyclones (TCs). TC-CORs are recommended by weather ...

Charles R. Sampson; Andrea B. Schumacher; John A. Knaff; Mark DeMaria; Edward M. Fukada; Chris A. Sisko; David P. Roberts; Katherine A. Winters; Harold M. Wilson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

METRo: A New Model for Road-Condition Forecasting in Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model to forecast road conditions, Model of the Environment and Temperature of Roads (METRo), has been developed to run at Canadian weather centers. METRo uses roadside observations from road weather information systems stations as ...

Louis-Philippe Crevier; Yves Delage

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Data Viewer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Russia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links Weather Data Viewer Weather Data Viewer logo. Displays actual design values, coincident...

299

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Data Viewer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alphabetically Tools by Platform PC Mac UNIX Internet Tools by Country Related Links Weather Data Viewer Weather Data Viewer logo. Displays actual design values, coincident...

300

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Weather Data Viewer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by Subject Tools Listed Alphabetically Tools by Platform Tools by Country Related Links Weather Data Viewer Back to Tool Screenshot for Weather Data Viewer. Screenshot for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Window Manufacturer Sees Business Surge As Weatherization Supplier...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Manufacturer Sees Business Surge As Weatherization Supplier Window Manufacturer Sees Business Surge As Weatherization Supplier July 29, 2010 - 4:33pm Addthis Joshua DeLung...

302

Weather durability testing and failures in terrestrial flat plate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Atlas XR-260 large scale xenon weathering device ... & standard Atlas xenon Weather-Ometers) ... Atlas SolarClimatic 1600 metal-halide “global” solar ...

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Integrate Real-Time Weather with Thermostat Electrical Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Xiufeng Pang Weather and its dynamics are big drivers of energy usage. Integration of key weather variables - solar, wind, and temperature - into home energy management and demand...

304

Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico Obama Administration Delivers More than 63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico July 21,...

305

Illinois and Texas Towns See Weatherization Boost | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Texas Towns See Weatherization Boost Illinois and Texas Towns See Weatherization Boost March 19, 2010 - 11:47am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy...

306

Integration of space weather into space situational awareness  

SciTech Connect

Rapid assessment of space weather effects on satellites is a critical step in anomaly resolution and satellite threat assessment. That step, however, is often hindered by a number of factors including timely collection and delivery of space weather data and the inherent com plexity of space weather information. As part of a larger, integrated space situational awareness program, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed prototype operational space weather tools that run in real time and present operators with customized, user-specific information. The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) focuses on the penetrating radiation environment from natural or nuclear-produced radiation belts. The penetrating radiation environment is highly dynamic and highly orbit-dependent. Operators often must rely only on line plots of 2 MeV electron flux from the NOAA geosynchronous GOES satellites which is then assumed to be representative of the environment at the satellite of interest. DREAM uses data assimilation to produce a global, real-time, energy dependent specification. User tools are built around a distributed service oriented architecture (SOA) which will allow operators to select any satellite from the space catalog and examine the environment for that specific satellite and time of interest. Depending on the application operators may need to examine instantaneous dose rates and/or dose accumulated over various lengths of time. Further, different energy thresholds can be selected depending on the shielding on the satellite or instrument of interest. In order to rapidly assess the probability that space weather was the cause of anomalous operations, the current conditions can be compared against the historical distribution of radiation levels for that orbit. In the simplest operation a user would select a satellite and time of interest and immediately see if the environmental conditions were typical, elevated, or extreme based on how often those conditions occur in that orbit. This allows users to rapidly rule in or out environmental causes of anomalies. The same user interface can also allow users to drill down for more detailed quantitative information. DREAM can be run either from a distributed web-based user interface or as a stand-alone application for secure operations. In this paper we discuss the underlying structure of the DREAM model and demonstrate the user interface that we have developed . We also present some prototype data products and user interfaces for DREAM and discuss how space environment information can be seamlessly integrated into operational SSA systems.

Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

307

PREPARATION OF ACTINIDE-ALUMINUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

BS>A process is given for preparing alloys of aluminum with plutonium, uranium, and/or thorium by chlorinating actinide oxide dissolved in molten alkali metal chloride with hydrochloric acid, chlorine, and/or phosgene, adding aluminum metal, and passing air and/or water vapor through the mass. Actinide metal is formed and alloyed with the aluminum. After cooling to solidification, the alloy is separated from the salt. (AEC)

Moore, R.H.

1962-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Characterizing Microalgae (Nannochloris oculata) Harvesting by Aluminum Flocculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent progress in algae biotechnology indicates that microalgae have the potential of becoming a significant source for food, feed proteins, nutraceuticals, and lipids for biofuels. Typically low concentrations of microalgae cultures (less than 2 g/L) make harvesting of algae biomass one of the key economic bottlenecks for microalgae production of biofuels and bioproducts. Among the various biomass harvesting options currently under consideration, flocculation appears to be the least expensive and most flexible method for harvesting and initial concentration of dilute algal cultures. In addition to initial biomass concentration, processing factors that could also affect harvesting efficiency include culture pH, flocculant dosage, and media ionic strength (conductivity). This thesis reviews challenges of harvesting and concentration of green microalgae and examines the effect of pH, flocculant dosage, and culture conductivity on charge neutralization and flocculation of Nannochloris oculata by aluminum chloride. N. oculata flocculation was studied by manipulating the culture pH and ionic strength before the addition of aluminum chloride. The removal efficiency, concentration factor, settling rate, and zeta potential of the culture were measured to assess the effect of processing variables and understand mechanisms that govern N. oculata flocculation by aluminum chloride. Flocculation tests conducted with culture concentrations of 10^7 cells/ml revealed that AlCl3 concentration of 0.05 g/L and flocculation pH of 5.3 were optimal conditions for achieving 100% removal efficiency and a twentyfold algae concentration. At flocculant concentrations greater than 0.05 g/L, removal efficiencies were equally good but resulting concentration factors decreased with increasing AlCl3 dosage. Zeta potential measurements were correlated with flocculation dosage, initial cell concentration, medium pH, and aluminum solubility curves to conclude that densely charged multi-valent aluminum hydroxide species were responsible for the efficient flocculation at pH 5.3 with 0.05 g/L AlCl3.

Davis, Ryan T.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? February 3, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Many states are getting extreme weather this week, with deep freezes, huge blizzards, and ice storms causing various problems across the country. Such weather can cause us to use energy a bit differently to stay warm and keep things running. Depending on where you are, you may be keeping the faucet dripping (so pipes don't freeze), your furnace might be working overtime in the cold, or you may be spending extra time warming up your car. In extreme conditions, it's important to be safe and take your own home and needs into account when taking these extra measures, while still considering your energy use and costs. For example, are your pipes in a

310

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? February 3, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Many states are getting extreme weather this week, with deep freezes, huge blizzards, and ice storms causing various problems across the country. Such weather can cause us to use energy a bit differently to stay warm and keep things running. Depending on where you are, you may be keeping the faucet dripping (so pipes don't freeze), your furnace might be working overtime in the cold, or you may be spending extra time warming up your car. In extreme conditions, it's important to be safe and take your own home and needs into account when taking these extra measures, while still considering your energy use and costs. For example, are your pipes in a

311

Predicting the Energy Output of Wind Farms Based on Weather Data: Important Variables and their Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind energy plays an increasing role in the supply of energy world-wide. The energy output of a wind farm is highly dependent on the weather condition present at the wind farm. If the output can be predicted more accurately, energy suppliers can coordinate the collaborative production of different energy sources more efficiently to avoid costly overproductions. With this paper, we take a computer science perspective on energy prediction based on weather data and analyze the important parameters as well as their correlation on the energy output. To deal with the interaction of the different parameters we use symbolic regression based on the genetic programming tool DataModeler. Our studies are carried out on publicly available weather and energy data for a wind farm in Australia. We reveal the correlation of the different variables for the energy output. The model obtained for energy prediction gives a very reliable prediction of the energy output for newly given weather data.

Vladislavleva, Katya; Neumann, Frank; Wagner, Markus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

SCALEUP OF ALUMINUM PHOSPHATE CATALYST FOR PILOT PLANT LPDMEtm RUN  

SciTech Connect

The Liquid Phase Dimethyl Ether (LPDME{trademark}) process converts synthesis gas to dimethyl ether in a single slurry bubble column reactor. A mixed slurry of methanol synthesis catalyst and methanol dehydration catalyst in a neutral mineral oil simultaneously synthesizes methanol from syngas and converts some of it to dimethyl ether and water. The reaction scheme is: 2H{sub 2} + CO = CH{sub 3}OH 2CH{sub 3}OH = CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O H{sub 2}O + CO = CO{sub 2} + H{sub 2}. Most of the water produced in this reaction is converted to hydrogen by reduction with carbon monoxide (water gas shift reaction). This synergy permits higher per pass conversion than methanol synthesis alone. The enhancement in conversion occurs because dehydration of the methanol circumvents the equilibrium constraint of the syngas-to-methanol step. The slurry bubble column reactor provides the necessary heat transfer capacity to handle the greater heat duty associated with high conversion. In order to improve the stability of the catalyst system, non-stoichiometric aluminum phosphate was proposed as the dehydration catalyst for the LPDME{trademark} process. This aluminum phosphate material is a proprietary catalyst. This catalyst system of a standard methanol catalyst and the aluminum phosphate provided stable process performance that met the program targets under our standard test process conditions in the laboratory. These targets are (1) an initial methanol equivalent productivity of 28 gmol/kg/hr, (2) a CO{sub 2}-free, carbon selectivity of 80% to dimethyl ether and (3) stability of both catalysts equivalent to that of the methanol catalyst in the absence of the aluminum phosphate. A pilot plant trial of the LPDME{trademark} process using the aluminum phosphate catalyst was originally planned for March 1998 at the DOE-owned, Air Products (APCI)-operated facility at LaPorte, Texas. Because the aluminum phosphate catalyst is not commercially available, we initiated a scaleup project with a commercial catalyst vendor. A total of 800 pounds of aluminum phosphate catalyst was ordered to provide two reactor charges and some additional material for testing. Although the scaleup was never completed, the effort yielded valuable information about the nature of the catalyst and the nature of the LPDME{trademark} process. This information is documented in this topical report.

Andrew W. Wang

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

SCALEUP OF ALUMINUM PHOSPHATE CATALYST FOR PILOT PLANT LPDMEtm RUN  

SciTech Connect

The Liquid Phase Dimethyl Ether (LPDME{trademark}) process converts synthesis gas to dimethyl ether in a single slurry bubble column reactor. A mixed slurry of methanol synthesis catalyst and methanol dehydration catalyst in a neutral mineral oil simultaneously synthesizes methanol from syngas and converts some of it to dimethyl ether and water. The reaction scheme is shown below: 2H{sub 2} + CO = CH{sub 3}OH; 2CH{sub 3}OH = CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O; H{sub 2}O + CO = CO{sub 2} + H{sub 2}. Most of the water produced in this reaction is converted to hydrogen by reduction with carbon monoxide (water gas shift reaction). This synergy permits higher per pass conversion than methanol synthesis alone. The enhancement in conversion occurs because dehydration of the methanol circumvents the equilibrium constraint of the syngas-to-methanol step. The slurry bubble column reactor provides the necessary heat transfer capacity to handle the greater heat duty associated with high conversion. In order to improve the stability of the catalyst system, non-stoichiometric aluminum phosphate was proposed as the dehydration catalyst for the LPDME{trademark} process. This aluminum phosphate material is a proprietary catalyst. This catalyst system of a standard methanol catalyst and the aluminum phosphate provided stable process performance that met the program targets under our standard test process conditions in the laboratory. These targets are (1) an initial methanol equivalent productivity of 28 gmol/kg/hr, (2) a CO{sub 2}-free, carbon selectivity of 80% to dimethyl ether and (3) stability of both catalysts equivalent to that of the methanol catalyst in the absence of the aluminum phosphate. A pilot plant trial of the LPDME{trademark} process using the aluminum phosphate catalyst was originally planned for March 1998 at the DOE-owned, Air Products (APCI)-operated facility at LaPorte, Texas. Because the aluminum phosphate catalyst is not commercially available, we initiated a scaleup project with a commercial catalyst vendor. A total of 800 pounds of aluminum phosphate catalyst was ordered to provide two reactor charges and some additional material for testing. Although the scaleup was never completed, the effort yielded valuable information about the nature of the catalyst and the nature of the LPDME{trademark} process. This information is documented in this topical report.

Andrew W. Wang

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Portland Diversifying Weatherization Workforce | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diversifying Weatherization Workforce Diversifying Weatherization Workforce Portland Diversifying Weatherization Workforce May 6, 2010 - 4:45pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE As Recovery Act funds started flowing towards businesses in Oregon last year, stakeholders in Portland wanted to make sure some of the money landed in the hands of women, minorities and other underrepresented groups. A diverse group in itself, the stakeholders-made up of city officials, labor unions, civil rights organizations, nonprofits, faith-based organizations and contractors-signed the agreement as the Clean Energy Works Portland program got underway. The agreement ensures that those in disadvantaged communities have access to some of the weatherization jobs stemming from the pilot phase, which has almost 500 homes receiving

315

The Rationael for Future Weather Modification Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new national effort dealing with planned and inadvertent weather modification has been recommended. The contention is that this readiness stems from finally learning important facts about how to properly design and conduct difficult ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Video of Obama...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video of Obama Address to the White House Jobs and Economic Growth Forum to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Video of Obama Address to the...

317

Weather Noise Forcing of Surface Climate Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model-based method to evaluate the role of weather noise forcing of low-frequency variability of surface properties, including SST, surface currents, land surface temperature, and soil moisture, is presented. In this procedure, an “interactive ...

Edwin K. Schneider; Meizhu Fan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Use of Climatological Data in Weather Insurance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are three major types of crop-related weather insurance: hail, all perlis, and rain insurance. The development of rates is an exercise in applied climatology, and the importance of the historical data selected for assessing risk (and ...

Stanley A. Changnon; Joyce M. Changnon

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Joint Airport Weather Studies Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project will investigate the microburst event, having 2–10 km spatial and 2–10 min temporal scales, at Denver's Stapleton International Airport during the summer of 1982. JAWS applications and technology ...

John McCarthy; James W. Wilson; T. Theodore Fujita

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

On the Sensitivity of Weather Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the subject of weather radar system sensitivity from a general point of view, with emphasis an the influence of wavelength. Expressions for the echo signal-to-noise ratio are examined using a detection theory approach to ...

Paul L. Smith

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

An Airborne APT Weather Satellite Imaging System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of a novel airborne system that receives a real-time imagery broadcast in the Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) format from polar-orbiting weather satellites. The availability of such real-time imagery ...

James E. Jordan; David L. Marcotte; G. W. K. Moore

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Stratospheric Influences on Tropospheric Weather Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four cases of tropospheric weather systems (two sea level cyclones, one sea level anticyclone, and one blocking midtropospheric anticyclone) are investigated with the goal of understanding the role of stratospheric versus tropospheric processes ...

Stephen J. Colucci

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

BAD WEATHER? THEN SUE THE WEATHERMAN!  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather forecasts have become demonstrably more accurate in recent decades due to increasingly sophisticated computer technology and models. Yet scientists cannot predict the future with 100% certainty. Relying on inaccurate or inadequate ...

Roberta Klein; Roger A. Pielke Jr.

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Precipitation at Ocean Weather Station “P"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the 27-yr record of precipitation measurements at Ocean Weather Station “P” (50°N, 145°W). The credibility of the rainfall observations is assessed, and the testing of certain extraordinary features of the fall and winter ...

M. A. Jenkins; W. C. Wong; K. Higuchi; J. L. Knox

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu and the 'Sputnik Moment' New Orleans and Energy Efficiency Cathy Zoi on the new Home Energy Score pilot program Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre Prev 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11...

326

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cathy Zoi on Weatherization BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850' - June 3 2010 (4 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (3 of...

327

Administration Announces Nearly $8 Billion in Weatherization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

work and save families hundreds of dollars per year on their energy bills. To jump-start job creation and weatherization work, the Department of Energy is releasing the first...

328

Data Network Weather Service Reporting - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

A final report is made of a three-year effort to develop a new forecasting paradigm for computer network performance. This effort was made in co-ordination with Fermi Lab's construction of e-Weather Center.

Michael Frey

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Winter Weather FAQs | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

winter weather strikes overnight, these communications channels will be updated by 6 a.m., and as often as necessary thereafter. Those who live far from the laboratory may...

330

Piecewise Tendency Diagnosis of Weather Regime Transitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Piecewise tendency diagnosis (PTD) is extended and employed to study the dynamics of weather regime transitions. Originally developed for adiabatic and inviscid quasigeostrophic flow on a beta plane, PTD partitions local geopotential tendencies ...

Katherine J. Evans; Robert X. Black

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Distributed Numerical Weather Prediction via Satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a recent undertaking in distributed numerical weather prediction via high data rate networks. The governing project involved the operation of a coupled mesoscale modeling system on widely separated supercomputers, and ...

Jordan G. Powers; Mark T. Stoelinga; William S. Boyd

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Hole in the Weather Warning System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the problems deaf and hard of hearing people experience when attempting to accessthe weather warning systems in Oklahoma and Minnesota are documented. Deaf and hard of hearing people cannot hear CivilDefense sirens, cannot listen ...

Vincent T. Wood; Robert A. Weisman

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Aluminum: Technology, Applications and Environment - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... This volume is the 6th edition of Dr. Dietrich Altenpohl's book, originally titled Aluminum From Within (and still carrying that subtitle.) It is the ...

334

Aluminum Scrap Supply and Environmental Impact Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 2000 ... It has been applied to the USA to forecast sources of aluminum scrap ... good balance between supply and demand on average over the years.

335

Aluminum and Energy--an International Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of the effects of regional energy and trade issues on the global aluminium industry and its ... “Energy Policy Position of the Aluminum Association

336

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Aluminum: The ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... A complete review of today's successful automotive aluminum recycling infrastructure. Shows a car's journey through the entire recycling ...

337

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... This volume is the 6th edition of Dr. Dietrich Altenpohl's book, originally titled Aluminum From Within (and still carrying that subtitle.) It is the ...

338

Aluminum-stabilized NB3SN superconductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aluminum-stabilized Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

Scanlan, Ronald M. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Aluminum—Meeting the Challengesof Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, the largest potential for emission reduction is through the use of aluminum products in energy-saving applications, such as lightweight vehicles, green ...

340

Activated Aluminum Hydride Hydrogen Storage Compositions ...  

Aluminum hydride is the best known alane and has been known for over 60 years. It is potentially a very attractive medium for onboard automotive hydrogen storage ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Primary Aluminum Processing in Quebec and Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Meso-scale Modelling of Aluminum-alloy Welding Processes for Prediction of ... Frequency Modulation Effect on the Solidification of Alloy 718 Fusion Zone.

342

Light Metals: Aluminum, Magnesium, and Titanium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cast Shop for Aluminum Production ... In this proposed, six-session symposium, papers addressing all aspects of cost reduction in titanium and its alloys will be ...

343

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Associations FederalState Programs Technical Information Plant Assessments Training Calendar Software Tools Energy Management Expertise Auto Aluminum Usage Benefits Environment...

344

Energy Opportunities in the Aluminum Processing Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As carbon management has grown in importance and project payback becomes ... overall energy within a plant and within the aluminum processing industry.

345

Distinguishing Dynamic Recrystallization (DRX) in Aluminum and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Damage Tolerant Critical Aircraft Structures – an Aluminum Supplier Perspective .... P44 - X-ray Diffraction Study on Lattice Constant of Supersaturated Solid ...

346

Melter Testing with High Aluminum HLW Streams  

Hanford Tank Waste is High in Aluminum • Estimated Al inventory is 8750 MT • Problem: • Large fraction of Al is in the HLW solids • Greatly increases the ...

347

Cast Aluminum Housings in Electrical Fires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Cast aluminum and its alloys are often used as enclosures for electrical appliances and similar devices. Electrical faults can often be analyzed ...

348

High resistivity aluminum antimonide radiation detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bulk Aluminum Antimonide (AlSb)-based single crystal materials have been prepared for use as ambient (room) temperature X-ray and Gamma-ray radiation detection.

Sherohman, John W. (Livermore, CA); Coombs, III, Arthur W. (Patterson, CA); Yee, Jick H. (Livermore, CA)

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

349

TMS Short Course: Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1980 he has worked with Hydro Aluminum Metals Products in Ardal, ... energy balance, dynamic process simulation and experimental evaluation of cells.

350

2013 TMS Industrial Aluminum Electrolysis Course - Tour  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Qatalum is an equal joint venture between Qatar Petroleum and Hydro Aluminum of Norway and produces 585,000 tons of high-quality primary aluminium ...

351

Aluminum: Technology, Applications, and Environment (Sample ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because hydroelectric power is a relatively inexpensive and clean source of energy, aluminum smelters are mostly built in countries with readily avail-.

352

New Weatherization Training Center Opens in Utah | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Weatherization Training Center Opens in Utah New Weatherization Training Center Opens in Utah New Weatherization Training Center Opens in Utah May 25, 2010 - 6:32pm Addthis The Utah weatherization assistance program built a new demonstration house to train weatherization workers. The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center is located in a warehouse in Clearfield, Utah. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center The Utah weatherization assistance program built a new demonstration house to train weatherization workers. The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center is located in a warehouse in Clearfield, Utah. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Most warehouses are filled with items such as equipment, boxes and food.

353

Verification of National Weather Service Ensemble Streamflow Predictions for Water Supply Forecasting in the Colorado River Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ensemble Streamflow Prediction (ESP) system, developed by the National Weather Service (NWS), uses conceptual hydrologic models and historical data to generate a set, or ensemble, of possible streamflow scenarios conditioned on the initial ...

Kristie J. Franz; Holly C. Hartmann; Soroosh Sorooshian; Roger Bales

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluating Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Predictions of Turbulent Flow Parameters in a Dry Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model predictions using different boundary layer schemes and horizontal grid spacings were compared with observational and numerical large-eddy simulation data for conditions corresponding to a dry ...

Jeremy A. Gibbs; Evgeni Fedorovich; Alexander M. J. van Eijk

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Key findings of the national weatherization evaluation  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy sponsored a comprehensive evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, the nation`s largest residential energy conservation program. The primary goal of the evaluation was to establish whether the Program meets the objectives of its enabling legislation and fulfills its mission statement, to reduce the heating and cooling costs for low-income families-particularly the elderly, persons with disabilities, and children by improving the energy-efficiency of their homes and ensuring their health and safety. Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed a five-part study which produced a series of documents evaluating the Program. The objective of this document is to summarize the findings of the five-part National Weatherization Evaluation. The five studies were as follows: (1) Network Study-this study characterized the weatherization network`s leveraging, capabilities, procedures, staff, technologies, and innovations; (2) Resources and Population Study-this study profiled low-income weatherization resources, the weatherized population, and the population remaining to be served; (3) Multifamily Study-this study described the nature and extent of weatherization activities in larger multifamily buildings; (4) Single-family Study-this study estimated the national savings and cost- effectiveness of weatherizing single-family and small multifamily dwellings that use natural gas or electricity for space heating; (5) Fuel-Oil Study-this study estimated the savings and cost-effectiveness of weatherizing single-family homes, located in nine northeastern states, that use fuel oil for space heating. This paper provides a brief overview of each study`s purposes, research methods and most important findings.

Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Weather forecast-based optimization of integrated energy systems.  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit detailed weather forecast information in the operation of integrated energy systems, such as buildings and photovoltaic/wind hybrid systems. We first discuss how the use of traditional reactive operation strategies that neglect the future evolution of the ambient conditions can translate in high operating costs. To overcome this problem, we propose the use of a supervisory dynamic optimization strategy that can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The strategy is based on the solution of a receding-horizon stochastic dynamic optimization problem. This permits the direct incorporation of economic objectives, statistical forecast information, and operational constraints. To obtain the weather forecast information, we employ a state-of-the-art forecasting model initialized with real meteorological data. The statistical ambient information is obtained from a set of realizations generated by the weather model executed in an operational setting. We present proof-of-concept simulation studies to demonstrate that the proposed framework can lead to significant savings (more than 18% reduction) in operating costs.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Mercury-Free Dissolution of Aluminum-Based Nuclear Material: From Basic Science to the Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditions were optimized for the first plant-scale dissolution of an aluminum-containing nuclear material without using mercury as a catalyst. This nuclear material was a homogeneous mixture of plutonium oxide and aluminum metal that had been compounded for use as the core matrix in Mark 42 nuclear fuel. Because this material had later failed plutonium distribution specifications, it was rejected for use in the fabrication of Mark 42 fuel tubes, and was stored at the Savannah River Site (SRS) awaiting disposition. This powder-like material was composed of a mixture of approximately 80 percent aluminum and 11 percent plutonium. Historically, aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuels [13] have been dissolved using a mercuric nitrate catalyst in a nitric acid (HNO3) solution to facilitate the dissolution of the bulk aluminum cladding. Developmental work at SRS indicated that the plutonium oxide/aluminum compounded matrix could be dissolved without mercury. Various mercury-free conditions were studied to evaluate the rate of dissolution of the Mark 42 compact material and to assess the corrosion rate to the stainless steel dissolver. The elimination of mercury from the dissolution process fit with waste minimization and industrial hygiene goals to reduce the use of mercury in the United States. The mercury-free dissolution technology was optimized for Mark 42 compact material in laboratory-scale tests, and successfully implemented at the plant.

Crooks, W.J. III

2003-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

The NREL Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System and Photovoltaic Module Exposure Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System (OATS) and interim results for the first OATS study on photovoltaic (PV) modules. With two test planes measuring 1.52 x 1.83 m, OATS provides a unique solar-concentrating exposure capability. Test sample temperatures are moderated by air blowers. Water spray capability exists for wetting samples. The OATS two-axis tracker points to the sun using software calculations. Non-imaging aluminum reflectors give a nominal clear-sky optical concentration ratio of three. Field-qualification measurements in the test plane under reflector conditions showed its relative irradiance non-uniformity was '' 15% for a clear-sky summer day with '' 75 mm as the smallest distance for that non-uniformity. Exposure studies began in November 1997 on seven pairs of commercially available ribbon silicon, crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon PV modules kept at constant resistive load. The modules were periodically removed from OATS for visual inspection and solar simulator performance measurements. There were no module failures. This PV module study is ongoing and later results will be compared to other testing techniques. Through July 1998, the modules under reflector conditions received 392 MJ/m2 of total ultraviolet (TUV) exposure. That was 2.07 times the TUV exposure compared to a south-facing fixed array tilted 40{sup o} up from horizontal at NREL. Similarly, the modules in the test plane under the covered reflectors received 1.04 times the fixed array TUV exposure. For the test plane under the covered reflectors there was a loss of 13% TUV exposure attributed to the reflectors blocking some of the diffuse-sky UV light. Also through July 1998, the OATS sunlight availability measured 95% compared to the cumulative global normal exposure at the NREL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL). The OATS sunlight availability losses included downtime when the PV modules were removed, and when there were OAT S tracking problems, maintenance, and repair. For December 1997 through July 1998, the SRRL cumulative exposure was 99% compared to the respective monthly averages from years 1961 through 1990 at Boulder, Colorado.

Basso, T. S.

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

Optimized Maximum Power Point Tracker for Fast Changing Environmental Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

working point to the optimum, following the weather (i.e. solar irradiance and temperature) conditions Tracking, Photovoltaic, Solar I. INTRODUCTION The worldwide installed PV power capacity today shows topologies, which provide high performance tracking during 'nice' weather conditions, i.e. at strong

Sera, Dezso

360

ASSIMILATION OF DOPPLER RADAR DATA INTO NUMERICAL WEATHER MODELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the year 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) completed an eight fold increase in sampling capability for weather radars to 250 m resolution. This increase is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current NWS operational model domains utilize grid spacing an order of magnitude larger than the radar data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of radar reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution was investigated under a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) 'quick hit' grant to determine the impact of improved data resolution on model predictions with specific initial proof of concept application to daily Savannah River Site operations and emergency response. Development of software to process NWS radar reflectivity and radial velocity data was undertaken for assimilation of observations into numerical models. Data values within the radar data volume undergo automated quality control (QC) analysis routines developed in support of this project to eliminate empty/missing data points, decrease anomalous propagation values, and determine error thresholds by utilizing the calculated variances among data values. The Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) three dimensional variational data assimilation package (WRF-3DVAR) was used to incorporate the QC'ed radar data into input and boundary conditions. The lack of observational data in the vicinity of SRS available to NWS operational models signifies an important data void where radar observations can provide significant input. These observations greatly enhance the knowledge of storm structures and the environmental conditions which influence their development. As the increase in computational power and availability has made higher resolution real-time model simulations possible, the need to obtain observations to both initialize numerical models and verify their output has become increasingly important. The assimilation of high resolution radar observations therefore provides a vital component in the development and utility of numerical model forecasts for both weather forecasting and contaminant transport, including future opportunities to improve wet deposition computations explicitly.

Chiswell, S.; Buckley, R.

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Human-Centered Systems Analysis of Aircraft Separation from Adverse Weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adverse weather significantly impacts the safety and efficiency of flight operations. Weather information

Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence

362

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Weather Year for Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year for Energy Calculations 2 Back to Tool Screenshot for Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2...

363

Using Weathered Granite for Ceramic Tile Production - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Using Weathered Granite for Ceramic Tile Production by Kalayanee Kooptamond and Danupon Tonnayopas ...

364

Light Metals 2007 Volume 2: Aluminum Reduction TABLE OF ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

451-456] Mark Cooksey and William Yang. Further Results on the Application of Aluminum-Copper Bimetal Sheets in Aluminum Reduction Cells [pp. 457-460

365

Energy Policy Position of the Aluminum Association - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy represents about one third of the total production cost of primary aluminum. Electricity is an essential ingredient in primary aluminum production.

366

Determination of Aluminum Rolling Oil and Machinery Oil Residues ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Determination of Aluminum Rolling Oil and Machinery Oil Residues on Aluminum Sheet and Foil by Using Elemental Analysis and Fourier  ...

367

High Temperature Creep Characterization of A380 Cast Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Strength Aluminum Brazing Sheets for Condenser Fins of Automotive Heat ... for the Phase Formation in a Wide Range of Commercial Aluminum Alloys.

368

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY ALUMINUM BATTERY - Energy Innovation Portal  

Compositions and methods of making are provided for a high energy density aluminum battery. The battery comprises an anode comprising aluminum metal. The battery ...

369

Aluminum-Alkaline Metal-Metal Composite Conductor - Energy ...  

High-voltage electric power transmission cables based on pure aluminum strands with a stranded steel core (ACSR) or stranded aluminum ... Applications and Industries.

370

Nano Assisted Low Temperature Diffusion Brazing of Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum alloys are ideal for many heat exchanger applications. However, joining of aluminum alloys is challenging due to tenacious native oxides on the base ...

371

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: The National Training and Education Resource on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental

372

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals to someone by E-mail Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals on AddThis.com... Plans, Implementation, & Results Weatherization Assistance Program

373

THE DIFFUSION OF LITHIUM IN ALUMINUM  

SciTech Connect

The diffusion of lithium in aluminum was measured at various temperatures with diffusion couples of aluminum-LiAl. The activation energy, E, is 33.3 kcal/mol, and the diffusion factor, Do, is 4.5 cm{sup2}/sec. (auth)

Costas, L. P.

1963-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

SOLID STATE BONDING OF THORIUM WITH ALUMINUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for bonding thorium and aluminum by placing clean surfaces of thorium and aluminum in contact with each other and hot pressing the metals together in a protective atmosphere at a temperature of about 375 to 575 deg C and at a pressure of at least 10 tsi to effect a bond.

Storchhelm, S.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Aluminum low temperature smelting cell metal collection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of producing aluminum in an electrolytic cell containing alumina dissolved in an electrolyte. The method comprises the steps of providing a molten salt electrolyte in an electrolytic cell having an anodic liner for containing the electrolyte, the liner having an anodic bottom and walls including at least one end wall extending upwardly from the anodic bottom, the anodic liner being substantially inert with respect to the molten electrolyte. A plurality of non-consumable anodes is provided and disposed vertically in the electrolyte. A plurality of cathodes is disposed vertically in the electrolyte in alternating relationship with the anodes. The anodes are electrically connected to the anodic liner. An electric current is passed through the anodic liner to the anodes, through the electrolyte to the cathodes, and aluminum is deposited on said cathodes. Oxygen bubbles are generated at the anodes and the anodic liner, the bubbles stirring the electrolyte. Molten aluminum is collected from the cathodes into a tubular member positioned underneath the cathodes. The tubular member is in liquid communication with each cathode to collect the molten aluminum therefrom while excluding electrolyte. Molten aluminum is delivered through the tubular member to a molten aluminum reservoir located substantially opposite the anodes and cathodes. The molten aluminum is collected from the cathodes and delivered to the reservoir while avoiding contact of the molten aluminum with the anodic bottom.

Beck, Theodore R. (Seattle, WA); Brown, Craig W. (Seattle, WA)

2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

376

Aluminum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Add to Cart, Image, Click on Title to view details, Member (Student) Price, Non- member Price. Available at wiley.com, Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion ...

377

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements Aluminum Association Logo The Aluminum Association and its members participating in the Voluntary Aluminum Industry Partnership (VAIP), representing 98% of primary aluminum production in the United States, have committed under the Climate VISION program to a direct carbon intensity reduction of emissions of perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and of emissions of CO2 from the consumption of the carbon anode from the primary aluminum reduction process. The Climate VISION target is a 53% total carbon equivalent reduction from these sources by 2010 from 1990 levels. The industry has been working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for over a decade and this new commitment equates to an additional direct carbon-intensity reduction of 65% since 2000. As a

378

How Do You Like Your Weather?: Using Weather Forecast Data to Improve Short-Term Load Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides a quick overview of weather forecasts as a data issue in the development of electricity demand forecasts. These are three sections in this Brief: o reasons behind the rise in interest in using weather forecasts in electricity forecasting models, o an overview of what some utilities are doing to evaluate weather forecasts, and o a resource list of weather forecast providers.

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

379

US Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized by State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized by State Total Homes Weatherized Homes Weatherized with ARRA Funds Total Homes Weatherized Homes Weatherized with ARRA Funds Total Homes Weatherized Homes Weatherized with ARRA Funds Alabama 244 103 472 374 1106 477 Alaska 72 0 99 0 708 0 Arizona 317 17 477 342 1470 359 Arkansas 453 172 453 453 1573 625 California 0 0 12 12 1980 12 Colorado 913 566 1413 803 4666 1369 Connecticut 232 0 253 23 968 23 DC 2 0 0 0 76 0 Delaware 83 0 519 519 689 519 Florida 446 14 715 298 1304 312 Georgia 331 141 534 491 1303 632 Hawaii 0 0 0 0 55 0 Idaho 628 75 756 476 2366 551 Illinois 1425 0 2329 331 6386 331 Indiana 532 37 1192 937 3020 974 Iowa 744 8 374 362 1668 370 Kansas 178 16 398 251 946 267 Kentucky 711 31 717 400 3072 431 Louisiana 0 0 385 104 1702 104 Maine 401 88 547 472 1651 560 Maryland 215 5 300 274 1020 279 Massachusetts 872 111 1357 1199 4045 1310 Michigan

380

NREL RSF Weather Data 2011 A csv containing hourly weather data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL RSF Weather Data 2011 A csv containing hourly weather data at NREL's Research and Support Facility (RSF) for 2011. 2013-02-12T18:36:26Z 2013-02-12T18:36:26Z I am submitting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

WRF-Fire: Coupled Weather–Wildland Fire Modeling with the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wildland fire-behavior module, named WRF-Fire, was integrated into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) public domain numerical weather prediction model. The fire module is a surface fire-behavior model that is two-way coupled with the ...

Janice L. Coen; Marques Cameron; John Michalakes; Edward G. Patton; Philip J. Riggan; Kara M. Yedinak

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Iron isotopic fractionation during continental weathering  

SciTech Connect

The biological activity on continents and the oxygen content of the atmosphere determine the chemical pathways through which Fe is processed at the Earth's surface. Experiments have shown that the relevant chemical pathways fractionate Fe isotopes. Measurements of soils, streams, and deep-sea clay indicate that the {sup 56}Fe/{sup 54}Fe ratio ({delta}{sup 56}Fe relative to igneous rocks) varies from +1{per_thousand} for weathering residues like soils and clays, to -3{per_thousand} for dissolved Fe in streams. These measurements confirm that weathering processes produce substantial fractionation of Fe isotopes in the modern oxidizing Earth surface environment. The results imply that biologically-mediated processes, which preferentially mobilize light Fe isotopes, are critical to Fe chemistry in weathering environments, and that the {delta}{sup 56}Fe of marine dissolved Fe should be variable and negative. Diagenetic reduction of Fe in marine sediments may also be a significant component of the global Fe isotope cycle. Iron isotopes provide a tracer for the influence of biological activity and oxygen in weathering processes through Earth history. Iron isotopic fractionation during weathering may have been smaller or absent in an oxygen-poor environment such as that of the early Precambrian Earth.

Fantle, Matthew S.; DePaolo, Donald J.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Control of Regional and Global Weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author suggests and researches a new revolutionary idea for regional and global weather control. He offers to cover cities, bad regions of country, full country or a continent by a thin closed film with control clarity located at a top limit of the Earth troposphere (4 - 6 km). The film is supported at altitude by small additional atmospheric pressure and connected to ground by thin cables. It is known, the troposphere defines the Earth weather. Authors show this closed dome allows to do a full control of the weather in a given region (the day is always fine, the rain is only in night, no strong wind). The average Earth (white cloudy) reflectance equal 0.3 - 0.5. That means the Earth losses about 0.3 - 0.5 of a solar energy. The dome controls the clarity of film and converts the cold regions to subtropics and creates the hot deserts, desolate wildernesses to the prosperous regions with temperate climate. That is a realistic and the cheapest method of the weather control in the Earth at the current time. Key words: Global weather control, gigantic film dome, converting a cold region to subtropics, converting desolate wilderness to a prosperous region.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

384

Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a national evaluation of its lowincome Weatherization Assistance Program. This report, which is one of five parts of that evaluation, evaluates the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of the Program as it had been applied to single-family houses heated primarily by fuel-oil. The study was based upon a representative sample (41 local weatherization agencies, 222 weatherized and 115 control houses) from the nine northeastern states during 1991 and 1992 program years. Dwelling-specific and agency-level data on measures installed, costs, and service delivery procedures were collected from the sampled agencies. Space-heating fuel-oil consumption, indoor temperature, and outdoor temperature were monitored at each house. Dwelling characteristics, air-leakage measurements, space-heating system steady-state efficiency measurements, safety inspections, and occupant questionnaires were also collected or performed at each monitored house. We estimate that the Program weatherized a total of 23,400 single-family fuel-oil heated houses in the nine northeastern states during program years 1991 and 1992. Annual fuel-oil savings were calculated using regression techniques to normalize the savings to standard weather conditions. For the northeast region, annual net fuel-oil savings averaged 160 gallons per house, or 17.7% of pre-weatherization consumption. Although indoor temperatures changed in individual houses following weatherization, there was no average change and no significant difference as compared to the control houses; thus, there was no overall indoor temperature takeback effect influencing fuel-oil savings. The weatherization work was performed cost effectively in these houses from the Program perspective, which included both installation costs and overhead and management costs but did not include non-energy benefits (such as employment and environmental).

Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

History of Operational Use of Weather Radar by U.S. Weather Services. Part II: Development of Operational Doppler Weather Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second part of a history of the use of storm surveillance radars by operational military and civil weather services in the United States is presented. This part describes the genesis and evolution of two operational Doppler weather radars, ...

Roger C. Whiton; Paul L. Smith; Stuart G. Bigler; Kenneth E. Wilk; Albert C. Harbuck

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

NREL: News Feature - Weatherization Work Guidelines Launched  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weatherization Work Guidelines Launched Weatherization Work Guidelines Launched September 30, 2013 Photo of a man in a suit blowing insulation into an attic. Enlarge image William Stewart with Veterans Green Jobs blows cellulose insulation in the attic of a home A recent collaboration between the Energy Department, NREL, and the home energy performance industry is supporting the weatherization workforce with consistent on-the-job tools and accreditations that lead to better-defined career paths. Credit: Dennis Schroeder Getting up and going to work is hard enough every day. But add to your burden the need to remember every step of your job down to the smallest detail - and the fact that if you want to change careers, your lack of credentials might mean starting from scratch. These are the challenges

387

Healthy Housing Opportunities During Weatherization Work  

SciTech Connect

In the summer and early fall of 2010, the National Center for Healthy Housing interviewed people from a selection of state and local agencies that perform weatherizations on low-income housing in order to gauge their approach to improving the health and safety of the homes. The interviews provided a strong cross section of what work agencies can do, and how they go about funding this work when funds from the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) do not cover the full extent of the repairs. The report also makes recommendations for WAP in how to assist agencies to streamline and maximize the health and safety repairs they are able to make in the course of a standard weatherization.

Wilson, J.; Tohn, E.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Clean and cost-effective dry boundary lubricants for aluminum forming.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Preliminary research in our laboratory has demonstrated that boric acid is an effective lubricant with an unusual capacity to reduce sliding fiction (providing friction coefficients as low as 0.02) and wear of metallic and ceramic materials. More recent studies have revealed that water or methanol solutions of boric acid can be used to prepare strongly bonded layers of boric acid on aluminum surfaces. It appears that boric acid molecules have a strong tendency to bond chemically to the naturally oxidized surfaces of aluminum and its alloys and to make these surfaces very slippery. Recent metal formability tests indicated that the boric acid films formed on aluminum surfaces by spraying or dipping worked quite well; improving draw scale performance by 58 to 75%. These findings have increased the prospect that boric acid can be formulated and optimized as an effective boundary lubricant and used to solve the friction, galling, and severe wear problems currently encountered in cold-forming of aluminum products. Accordingly, the major goal of this paper is to demonstrate the usefulness and lubrication capacity of thin boric acid films formed on aluminum surfaces by simple dipping or spraying processes and to describe the lubrication mechanisms under typical metal forming conditions. We will also examine the nature of chemical bonding between boric acid and aluminum surfaces and develop new ways to optimize its performance as an effective boundary lubricant.

Erdemir, A.; Fenske, G. R.

1997-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

FILM GROWTH ON ALUMINUM IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE WATER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Film growths on aluminum and two aluminum-1 wt.% nickel alloys in water at 250 and 350 deg C were studied. It was found that oxide growth does not advance on a uniform front but, to the contrary, the advancing surface contains many outcrops in the form of thin platelets, chunky outcrops, and whiskers. With both the pure metal and the alloys considerable intergranular attack was observed. The general corrosion product was usually more uniform in crystal size when formed on the pure metal, but variations in crystal size were observed on both aluminum and alloys with varying features of the metal surface. The roughness of the general oxide surface (includlng outcrops) was found to increase rapidly to about 0.2 micron and then remain relatively constant with increasing film thickness. The composition of films formed under all investigated conditions, except one, was found to be boehmite ( alpha -Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/- H/sub 2/O). This exception was films carried by the alloy specimens after testing for 32 days at 350 deg C. In this case the main corrosion film was still boehmite, but in addition the outer surface supported long needles of diaspore ( beta -Al/sub 2/ O/sub 3/- H/sub 2/O). (auth)

Hart, R.K.; Ruther, W.E.

1961-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

EnergyPlus Weather Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyPlus Weather Data EnergyPlus Weather Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: EnergyPlus Weather Data Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Resource Type: Dataset Website: apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/cfm/Weather_data.cfm EnergyPlus Weather Data Screenshot References: Weather Data[1] Summary "Weather data for more than 2100 locations are now available in EnergyPlus weather format - 1042 locations in the USA, 71 locations in Canada, and more than 1000 locations in 100 other countries throughout the world. The weather data are arranged by World Meteorological Organization region and Country. Africa (WMO Region 1) Asia (WMO Region 2) South America (WMO Region 3) North and Central America (WMO Region 4)

391

Decontamination and reuse of ORGDP aluminum scrap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Gaseous Diffusion Plants, or GDPs, have significant amounts of a number of metals, including nickel, aluminum, copper, and steel. Aluminum was used extensively throughout the GDPs because of its excellent strength to weight ratios and good resistance to corrosion by UF{sub 6}. This report is concerned with the recycle of aluminum stator and rotor blades from axial compressors. Most of the stator and rotor blades were made from 214-X aluminum casting alloy. Used compressor blades were contaminated with uranium both as a result of surface contamination and as an accumulation held in surface-connected voids inside of the blades. A variety of GDP studies were performed to evaluate the amounts of uranium retained in the blades; the volume, area, and location of voids in the blades; and connections between surface defects and voids. Based on experimental data on deposition, uranium content of the blades is 0.3%, or roughly 200 times the value expected from blade surface area. However, this value does correlate with estimated internal surface area and with lengthy deposition times. Based on a literature search, it appears that gaseous decontamination or melt refining using fluxes specific for uranium removal have the potential for removing internal contamination from aluminum blades. A melt refining process was used to recycle blades during the 1950s and 1960s. The process removed roughly one-third of the uranium from the blades. Blade cast from recycled aluminum appeared to perform as well as blades from virgin material. New melt refining and gaseous decontamination processes have been shown to provide substantially better decontamination of pure aluminum. If these techniques can be successfully adapted to treat aluminum 214-X alloy, internal and, possibly, external reuse of aluminum alloys may be possible.

Compere, A.L.; Griffith, W.L.; Hayden, H.W.; Wilson, D.F.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Quick Plastic Forming of Aluminum Sheet Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Motors' President North America, Gary Cowger, General Motors' President North America, Gary Cowger, reviews the 2004 Chevy Malibu Maxx after introducing it to the media at the New York Auto Show. (photo courtesy of General Motors) Quick Plastic Forming of Aluminum Sheet Metal Background Aluminum automotive components made using a hot blow forming process are reducing vehicle weight and increasing the fuel efficiency of today's cars. However, before General Motors (GM) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored research in this technol- ogy, blow forming of aluminum was not a viable process for automakers. The prior blow forming process,

393

Spray Rolling Aluminum Strip for Transportation Applications  

SciTech Connect

Spray rolling is a novel strip casting technology in which molten aluminum alloy is atomized and deposited into the roll gap of mill rolls to produce aluminum strip. A combined experimental/modeling approach has been followed in developing this technology with active participation from industry. The feasibility of this technology has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale and it is currently being scaled-up. This paper provides an overview of the process and compares the microstructure and properties of spray-rolled 2124 aluminum alloy with commercial ingot-processed material

Kevin M. McHugh; Y. Lin; Y. Zhou; E. J. Lavernia; J.-P. Delplanque; S. B. Johnson

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Aluminum - Fly Ash Metal Matrix Composites as Advanced Automobile Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metal matrix composites such as silicon carbide-aluminum, alumina-aluminum, and graphite-aluminum represent a class of emerging materials with significant potential for commercial use in the auto and aerospace industries. In industrial foundry trials, a joint industry and Department of Energy project demonstrated a promising new process for producing a low cost aluminum metal matrix composite containing fly ash particles.

2001-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

395

High Strength Aluminum Brazing Sheets for Condenser Fins of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications.

396

Atmos Energy - Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atmos Energy - Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program Atmos Energy - Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program Atmos Energy - Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Forced Air Furnace: $250 - $400 Boiler: $250 High Efficiency Tank Water Heater: $200 - $300 Tankless Model: $400 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Weatherization Assistance: Up to $3,000 Provider Atmos Energy Kentucky Rebate Offer Atmos Energy provides rebates to residential and commercial for natural gas

397

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certifications to someone by Certifications to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Certifications on

398

Alabama Power - Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama Power - Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Alabama Power - Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Programs Alabama Power - Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Windows: $350 Program Info State Alabama Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Not specified Provider Alabama Power Alabama Power offers low-interest loans to residential customers to purchase and install new heat pumps and a variety of weatherization measures. The loans require no money down and can be used to finance an air

399

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Training Training Centers to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Training Centers on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Training Centers on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Training Centers on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Training Centers on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Training Centers on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental

400

Tideland EMC - Weatherization Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tideland EMC - Weatherization Loan Program Tideland EMC - Weatherization Loan Program Tideland EMC - Weatherization Loan Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Loan Program Provider Tideland EMC Tideland Electric Membership Cooperative (TEMC) is an electric cooperative that serves customers in Craven, Dare, Washington, Pamlico, Beaufort and Hyde counties. Home, farm and business owners are able to take advantage of TEMC's five percent-interest Weatherization Loan Program.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Updates to someone by Project Updates to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates on

402

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accredited Training to someone by Accredited Training to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Accredited Training on

403

WEATHER-ADJUSTED PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES Matt Hollingsworth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEATHER-ADJUSTED PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES Matt Hollingsworth Clean Power Research Napa, CA 94559 for solar resource when creating guarantees in order to protect them against the risk created by solar production estimates coupled with a location-specific monthly solar resource index to enable installers

Perez, Richard R.

404

Electrometallurgical treatment of aluminum-based fuels.  

SciTech Connect

We have successfully demonstrated aluminum electrorefining from a U-Al-Si alloy that simulates spent aluminum-based reactor fuel. The aluminum product contains less than 200 ppm uranium. All the results obtained have been in agreement with predictions based on equilibrium thermodynamics. We have also demonstrated the need for adequate stirring to achieve a low-uranium product. Most of the other process steps have been demonstrated in other programs. These include uranium electrorefining, transuranic fission product scrubbing, fission product oxidation, and product consolidation by melting. Future work will focus on the extraction of active metal and rare earth fission products by a molten flux salt and scale-up of the aluminum electrorefining.

Willit, J. L.

1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

405

Dry lubricant films for aluminum forming.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During metal forming process, lubricants are crucial to prevent direct contact, adhesion, transfer and scuffing of workpiece materials and tools. Boric acid films can be firmly adhered to the clean aluminum surfaces by spraying their methanol solutions and provide extremely low friction coefficient (about 0.04). The cohesion strengths of the bonded films vary with the types of aluminum alloys (6061, 6111 and 5754). The sheet metal forming tests indicate that boric acid films and the combined films of boric acid and mineral oil can create larger strains than the commercial liquid and solid lubricants, showing that they possess excellent lubricities for aluminum forming. SEM analyses indicate that boric acid dry films separate the workpiece and die materials, and prevent their direct contact and preserve their surface qualities. Since boric acid is non-toxic and easily removed by water, it can be expected that boric acid films are environmentally friendly, cost effective and very efficient lubricants for sheet aluminum cold forming.

Wei, J.; Erdemir, A.; Fenske, G. R.

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

406

Weather and Forecasting Challenges in the Pacific Region of the National Weather Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large area of responsibility covered by the Pacific Region of the National Weather Service provides a unique set of challenges to operational forecasters. Extratropical, subtropical, and tropical meteorological phenomena on a wide range of ...

Kevin R. Kodama; Steven Businger

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Evaluation of numerical weather prediction for intra-day solar forecasting in the continental United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOS), Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), Solar Forecasting of numerical weather prediction for intra?day solar solar energy applications based on aerosol chemical transport and  numerical weather 

Mathiesen, Patrick; Kleissl, Jan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A high-resolution, cloud-assimilating numerical weather prediction model for solar irradiance forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of numerical weather prediction solar irradiance forecasts of numerical weather prediction for intra?day solar numerical weather prediction model for solar irradiance 

Mathiesen, Patrick; Collier, Craig; Kleissl, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Mesoscale Modeling for Mountain Weather Forecasting Over the Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Severe weather has a more calamitous effect in the mountainous region-because the terrain is complex and the economy is poorly developed and fragile. Such weather systems occurring on a small spatiotemporal scale invite application of models with ...

Someshwar Das; S. V. Singh; E. N. Rajagopal; Robert Gall

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Adverse-Weather Trends in the Canadian Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides an assessment of changes in the occurrence frequency of four types of adverse-weather (freezing precipitation, blowing snow, fog, and low ceilings) and no-weather (i.e., no precipitation or visibility obscuration) events as ...

John M. Hanesiak; Xiaolan L. Wang

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Early Canadian Weather Observers and the “Year Without a Summer”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The unusual spring and summer weather of the year 1816 in central Canada is discussed using Canadian newspaper accounts together with manuscript records from early amateur weather observers. Many of the spectacular meteorological events of this ...

Kevin Hamilton

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility's Operational Assessment Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility (JAWF), a cooperative effort between the Climate Analysis Center, NMC/NWS/NOAA (National Meteorological Center/National Weather Service/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and the World ...

Raymond P. Motha; Thomas R. Heddinghaus

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

2008 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 WEATHERIZATION AND 2008 WEATHERIZATION AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL PROGRAM (WIP) MARKET REPORT Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Table of Contents Acknowledgments ........................................................................................................................ iv Acronyms ........................................................................................................................................v EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................................... vi Background .............................................................................................................................. vi Structure of this Report........................................................................................................... vii

414

Early Warnings of Severe Weather from Ensemble Forecast Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system has been developed to give probabilistic warnings of severe-weather events for the United Kingdom (UK) on a regional and national basis, based on forecast output from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ...

T. P. Legg; K. R. Mylne

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Budget Cutting and the Value of Weather Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors discuss the relationship between budget-cutting exercises and knowledge of the value of weather services. The complex interaction between quality (accuracy) and value of weather forecasts prevents theoretical approaches from ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The New Digital Forecast Database of the National Weather Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service (NWS) has entered a new era in the production and dissemination of weather information and service to the nation. No longer are textual forecasts the primary medium of dissemination, but a digital database of official ...

Harry R. Glahn; David P. Ruth

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

United States weather resource data, compatible with System Advisor...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States weather resource data, compatible with System Advisor Model (SAM)

Weather resource data for the United States for use in the System Advisor Model (SAM).
...

418

Simulation of Daily Weather Data Using Theoretical Probability Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer simulation model was constructed to supply daily weather data to a plant disease management model for potato late blight. In the weather model Monte Carlo techniques were employed to generate daily values of precipitation, maximum ...

J. A. Bruhn; W. E. Fry; G. W. Fick

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Spatial Variability and Interpolation of Stochastic Weather Simulation Model Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial variability of 58 precipitation and temperature parameters from the “generation of weather elements for multiple applications” (GEM) weather generator has been investigated over a region of significant complexity in topography and ...

Gregory L. Johnson; Christopher Daly; George H. Taylor; Clayton L. Hanson

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

TEACHMET: An Expert System for Teaching Weather Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Students or weather forecasting need to learn to identify efficiently the information relevant to the elements they predict. One way students learn these skills is by engaging in discussions of interesting weather situations as they occur. In ...

Nathan M. Reiss; James C. Hofmann

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Performance evaluation and optimization of nested high resolution weather simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather models with high spatial and temporal resolutions are required for accurate prediction of meso-micro scale weather phenomena. Using these models for operational purposes requires forecasts with sufficient lead time, which in turn calls for large ...

Preeti Malakar; Vaibhav Saxena; Thomas George; Rashmi Mittal; Sameer Kumar; Abdul Ghani Naim; Saiful Azmi Bin Hj Husain

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Weather Impacts, Forecasts, and Policy: An Integrated Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Society invests considerable resources into the science and technology of weather services. In order to effectively assess the market for weather services, and thus properly scale the level of resources that, for example, the U.S. Congress or a ...

Roger Pielke Jr.; R. E. Carbone

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Stepwise Onset of Monsoon Weather Observed in the Nepal Himalaya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mountain weather changes in the Nepal Himalaya were intensively examined during the 2003 monsoon onset using in situ datasets, observed by multiple automatic weather stations (AWS) distributed across the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (...

K. Ueno; K. Toyotsu; L. Bertolani; G. Tartari

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Weatherization program in Region III: a management study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Weatherization Program, which uses Federal funds and job training program employees to weatherize the homes of low-income homeowners, was examined in the five states of Federal Region III (Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and West Virginia).

Baldwin, F.D.; Kinney, L.F.

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Effectiveness of Weather Forecasts in Decision Making: An Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision models involving prescribed fire (the use of fire as a silvicultural tool) were used to analyze the utility of four types of weather information as forecasts: climatology, current weather observations (used as a persistence forecast), ...

R. William Furman

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Potential Economic Value of Ensemble-Based Surface Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possible economic value of the quantification of uncertainty in future ensemble-based surface weather forecasts is investigated using a formal, idealized decision model. Current, or baseline, weather forecasts are represented by probabilistic ...

Daniel S. Wilks; Thomas M. Hamill

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

50th Anniversary of Operational Numerical Weather Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC), National Weather Association, and American Meteorological Society (AMS) cosponsored a “...

Kristine Harper; Louis W. Uccellini; Lauren Morone; Eugenia Kalnay; Kenneth Carey

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Understanding Space Weather: The Sun as a Variable Star  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The American Meteorological Society has recently adopted space weather as a new core competency. This is the first in a series of papers discussing the multidisciplinary aspects of space weather. This paper concerns the physics behind solar variability, ...

Keith Strong; Julia Saba; Therese Kucera

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Impacts of Extreme Weather Events on Transmission and Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme weather encompasses weather phenomena that are especially severe, unseasonal, or at the extremes of historical distributions. Extreme weather events, such as Hurricane Katrina, for example, have resulted in widespread damage to the power infrastructure and caused severe outages, which affected millions of customers. This report discusses the impacts of extreme weather events on power systems and synthesizes utility experiences, lessons learned from different storms occurring around the globe, and...

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

430

U.S. Commercial Buildings Weather-Adjusted Site Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Efficiency > Commercial Buildings Energy Intensities > Table 1b . U.S. Commercial Buildings Weather-Adjusted Site Energy

431

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline infrastructure and supply. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration.

432

Solar Ramping Distributions over Multiple Timescales and Weather Patterns (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation offers new data and statistical analysis of ramping, solar power, and weather patterns in operational systems.

Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Orwig, K.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

California hydro forecast declines on dry weather - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. ... Updated March 5, 2013, to reflect weather developments.

434

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline infrastructure and ...

435

Secular Changes in Solar Magnetic Flux Amplification Factor and Prediction of Space Weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We could infer a secular decreasing trend in the poloidal to toroidal solar magnetic flux amplification factor ( Af) using geomagnetic observations ( classic and IHV corrected aa indices) during the sunspot cycles 9-23. A similar decreasing trend is also observed for the solar equatorial rotation (W) which imply possibly a decrease in the efficiency of the solar dynamo during the above period. We could show correlated changes of Af and extreme space weather activity variations near earth since the middle of the 19th century. Indirect solar observations ( solar proton fluence estimates) suggests that the distinct enhancements in extreme space weather activity , Af and W found during sunspot cycles 10 to 15 is probably largest of that kind during the past 400 years. We find that the sunspot activity can reach an upper limit (Rweather conditions is most probable to occur during this cycle. Key words: Flux amplification,solar dynamo, space weather, predictions,cycle 24

T. E. Girish; G. Gopkumar

2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

436

MOUNTAIN WEATHER PREDICTION: PHENOMENOLOGICAL CHALLENGES AND FORECAST METHODOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOUNTAIN WEATHER PREDICTION: PHENOMENOLOGICAL CHALLENGES AND FORECAST METHODOLOGY Michael P. Meyers of the American Meteorological Society Mountain Weather and Forecasting Monograph Draft from Friday, May 21, 2010 of weather analysis and forecasting in complex terrain with special emphasis placed on the role of humans

Steenburgh, Jim

437

State of the Science FACT SHEET Weather Forecast Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State of the Science FACT SHEET Weather Forecast Uncertainty December, 2009 This document represents the state of the science of quantifying and communicating weather forecast uncertainty. Decisions can be improved by better understanding the uncertainties in the weather forecasts. NOAA seeks to help

438

A Chapter In Space Weather: Physics and Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the activity of a particular region of geospace and thus we have space weather modeling for the solar- 1 - A Chapter In Space Weather: Physics and Effects by V. Bothmer and I.A. Daglis (editors) Springer Praxis September 2005 Draft date: March 9, 2007 Forecasting Space Weather Dimitris Vassiliadis ST

Vassiliadis, Dimitrios

439

Lesson 33: Weather [hali ya hewa; hali ya anga  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 33: Weather Weather [hali ya hewa; hali ya anga] A). Weather baridi [cold] joto [warm lines] latitudo / mistari ya latitudo [latitude / latitude lines] kupatwa kwa jua [solar eclipse] kupatwa kwa mwezi [lunar eclipse] C. Sayari [Planets] i. Sayari za Ndani [Inner Solar System Planets

Peterson, Blake R.

440

Suitability of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to Predict the June 2005 Fire Weather for Interior Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standard indices used in the National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) and Fosberg fire-weather indices are calculated from Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulations and observations in interior Alaska for June 2005. Evaluation ...

Nicole Mölders

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Survey of the Use of National Weather Service Forecasts by Television Weather Forecasters in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This investigation was undertaken to determine how different the weather forecasts of telecasters are from those of the National Weather Service for the same areas and times, and the sources of information telecasters use when they modify the NWS ...

Dennis M. Driscoll

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Dynamic Algorithm for Space Weather Forecasting System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to develop a dynamic algorithm that intelligently analyzes existing solar weather data and constructs an increasingly more accurate equation/algorithm for predicting solar weather accurately in real time. This dynamic algorithm analyzes a wealth of data derived from scientific research and provides increasingly accurate solar forecasts. As the database of information grows over time, this algorithm perfects itself and reduces forecast uncertainties. This will provide a vastly more effective way of processing existing data for practical use in the public and private sectors. Specifically, we created an algorithm that stores data from several sources in a way that is useable, we created the ?dynamic algorithm? used for creating accurate/effective forecasts, and we have performed preliminary benchmarks on this algorithm. The preliminary benchmarks yield surprisingly effective results thus far?forecasts have been made 8-16 hours into the future with significant magnitude and trend accuracy, which is a vast improvement over current methods employed.

Fischer, Luke D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Large Scale Weather Control Using Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is pointed out that controlled release of thermal energy from fission type nuclear reactors can be used to alter weather patterns over significantly large geographical regions. (1) Nuclear heat creates a low pressure region, which can be used to draw moist air from oceans, onto deserts. (2) Creation of low pressure zones over oceans using Nuclear heat can lead to Controlled Cyclone Creation (CCC).(3) Nuclear heat can also be used to melt glaciers and control water flow in rivers.

Moninder Singh Modgil

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

444

Regression modeling method of space weather prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A regression modeling method of space weather prediction is proposed. It allows forecasting Dst index up to 6 hours ahead with about 90% correlation. It can also be used for constructing phenomenological models of interaction between the solar wind and the magnetosphere. With its help two new geoeffective parameters were found: latitudinal and longitudinal flow angles of the solar wind. It was shown that Dst index remembers its previous values for 2000 hours.

Parnowski, Aleksei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Aluminum Matrix Composites Mechanical Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 28, 2009... and fracture behavior for each condition of homogeneity via compression tests and chevron-notch short rod specimens, respectively.

446

Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011... was related to different heating and cooling conditions during FSW. .... The fixture is used as drop tower for constant acceleration tests and ...

447

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Energy Home Energy Workers to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Home Energy Workers on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Home Energy Workers on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Home Energy Workers on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Home Energy Workers on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Home Energy Workers on Digg

448

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Homeowners Homeowners and Consumers to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Homeowners and Consumers on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Homeowners and Consumers on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Homeowners and Consumers on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Homeowners and Consumers on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project: Benefits for Homeowners and Consumers on

449

Atmos Energy - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program Atmos Energy - Residential Natural Gas and Weatherization Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Comprehensive Upgrades (Energize Homes): Up to $5,00 Furnace: $200-$300 Boiler: $200-$300 Combination Boiler/Water Heater: $450 Storage Water Heater: $50-$125 Tankless/Condensing Water Heater: $200 Programmable Thermostat $25 Provider Energy Federation Incorporated '''As of August 1, 2012, Missouri energy efficiency programs are offered by

450

Weatherization and minority energy use: A preliminary analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of the patterns of minority and non-minority energy consumption with and without weatherization measures. The behavior of the household in response to a weatherization-induced income gain is modeled using ANL`s Minority Economic Assessment Model (MEAM). Weatherization is then examined from a programmatic perspective in light of the MEAM findings. This work is the first part of a larger analysis to assess the economic impact of weatherization on minority households and to examine the reallocation of LIHEAP funds to weatherization. Several limitations of this analysis are discussed.

Earl, E.V.; Collins, N.E.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Weatherization and minority energy use: A preliminary analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of the patterns of minority and non-minority energy consumption with and without weatherization measures. The behavior of the household in response to a weatherization-induced income gain is modeled using ANL's Minority Economic Assessment Model (MEAM). Weatherization is then examined from a programmatic perspective in light of the MEAM findings. This work is the first part of a larger analysis to assess the economic impact of weatherization on minority households and to examine the reallocation of LIHEAP funds to weatherization. Several limitations of this analysis are discussed.

Earl, E.V.; Collins, N.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Determination of the Value of Weather Information to Individual Corn Producers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stochastic weather events are critical to crop production by individual farmers. Using historic weather information, the probability of alternative weather outcomes is determined. Historic yields from research experiments were used with weather ...

Thomas F. Tice; Rodney L. Clouser

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Casting-chill interface heat transfer during solidification of an aluminum alloy  

SciTech Connect

Unidirectional solidification tests on an aluminum alloy were conducted with a computer-controlled instrumented rig. The alloys employed in this study were poured into isolated ingot molds (made of recrystallized alumina and covered with ceramic fiber) placed on top of a steel plate, coated either with a graphite- or ceramic-based paint in order to avoid sticking or the material. Thermal evolution during the test was captured by type-K thermocouples placed at different positions in both the ingot and the plate. The bottom surface of the plate was either cooled with water or left to cool in air. The heat-transfer coefficients across the aluminum-steel interface were evaluated by means of a finite-difference model. It was concluded that the heat-transfer rate depends on the conditions at the interface, such as the type of coating used to protect the plate, and the solidification reactions occurring on the aluminum during its solidification.

Velasco, E.; Cano, S.; Valtierra, S.; Mojica, J.F. [Corporativo Nemak, S.A. de C.V., Garcia (Mexico); Talamantes, J.; Colas, R. [Univ. Autonoma de Nuevo Leon (Mexico). Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Performance Degradation of Encapsulated Monocrystalline-Si Solar Cells upon Accelerated Weathering Exposures: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Presented at 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting: Performed accelerated exposures to study performance reliability/materials degradation of encapsulated c-Si cells using weathering protocols in 2 weatherometers. We have performed accelerated exposures to study performance reliability and materials degradation of a total of forty-one 3-cm x 3-cm monocrystalline-Si (c-Si) solar cells that were variously encapsulated using accelerated weathering protocols in two weatherometers (WOMs), with and without front specimen water sprays. Laminated cells (EVA/c-Si/EVA, ethylene vinyl acetate) with one of five superstrate/substrate variations and other features including with and without: (i) load resistance, (ii) Al foil light masks, and (iii) epoxy edge-sealing were studied. Three additional samples, omitting EVA, were exposed under a full-spectrum solar simulator, or heated in an oven, for comparison. After exposures, cell performance decreased irregularly, but to a relatively greater extent for samples exposed in WOM where light, heat, and humidity cycles were present (solar simulator or oven lacked such cycles). EVA laminates in the samples masked with aluminum (Al) foils were observed to retain moisture in WOM with water spray. Moisture effects caused substantial efficiency losses probably related in part to increasing series resistance.

Glick, S. H.; Pern, F. J.; Watson, G. L.; Tomek, D.; Raaff, J.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Final Project Report: Release of aged contaminants from weathered sediments: Effects of sorbate speciation on scaling of reactive transport  

SciTech Connect

Hanford sediments impacted by hyperalkaline high level radioactive waste have undergone incongruent silicate mineral weathering concurrent with contaminant uptake. In this project, we studied the impact of background pore water (BPW) on strontium, cesium and iodine desorption and transport in Hanford sediments that were experimentally weathered by contact with simulated hyperalkaline tank waste leachate (STWL) solutions. Using those lab-weathered Hanford sediments (HS) and model precipitates formed during nucleation from homogeneous STWL solutions (HN), we (i) provided detailed characterization of reaction products over a matrix of field-relevant gradients in contaminant concentration, PCO2, and reaction time; (ii) improved molecular-scale understanding of how sorbate speciation controls contaminant desorption from weathered sediments upon removal of caustic sources; and (iii) developed a mechanistic, predictive model of meso- to field-scale contaminant reactive transport under these conditions.

Jon Chorover, University of Arizona; Peggy O' €  ™ Day, University of California, Merced; Karl Mueller, Penn State University; Wooyong Um, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Carl Steefel, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Weatherization Assistance Program - Background Data and Statistics  

SciTech Connect

This technical memorandum is intended to provide readers with information that may be useful in understanding the purposes, performance, and outcomes of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Weatherization Assistance Program (Weatherization). Weatherization has been in operation for over thirty years and is the nation's largest single residential energy efficiency program. Its primary purpose, established by law, is 'to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings owned or occupied by low-income persons, reduce their total residential energy expenditures, and improve their health and safety, especially low-income persons who are particularly vulnerable such as the elderly, the handicapped, and children.' The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act PL111-5 (ARRA), passed and signed into law in February 2009, committed $5 Billion over two years to an expanded Weatherization Assistance Program. This has created substantial interest in the program, the population it serves, the energy and cost savings it produces, and its cost-effectiveness. This memorandum is intended to address the need for this kind of information. Statistically valid answers to many of the questions surrounding Weatherization and its performance require comprehensive evaluation of the program. DOE is undertaking precisely this kind of independent evaluation in order to ascertain program effectiveness and to improve its performance. Results of this evaluation effort will begin to emerge in late 2010 and 2011, but they require substantial time and effort. In the meantime, the data and statistics in this memorandum can provide reasonable and transparent estimates of key program characteristics. The memorandum is laid out in three sections. The first deals with some key characteristics describing low-income energy consumption and expenditures. The second section provides estimates of energy savings and energy bill reductions that the program can reasonably be presumed to be producing. The third section deals with estimates of program cost-effectiveness and societal impacts such as carbon reduction and reduced national energy consumption. Each of the sections is brief, containing statistics, explanatory graphics and tables as appropriate, and short explanations of the statistics in order to place them in context for the reader. The companion appendices at the back of the memorandum explain the methods and sources used in developing the statistics.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Conversion of Total Column Ozone Data to Numerical Weather Prediction Model Initializing Fields, with Simulations of the 24–25 January 2000 East Coast Snowstorm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellites are uniquely capable of providing uniform data coverage globally. Motivated by such capability, this study builds on a previously described methodology that generates numerical weather prediction (NWP) model initial conditions (ICs) ...

Dorothy Durnford; John Gyakum; Eyad Atallah

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The Challenge of Forecasting Heavy Rain and Flooding throughout the Eastern Region of the National Weather Service. Part I: Characteristics and Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy rain and flooding are of particular concern to forecasters throughout the eastern and southeastern United States. In this paper, the unique combination of synoptic-scale and mesoscale weather conditions and topographic factors that ...

Kenneth D. Lapenta; Barbara J. McNaught; Steven J. Capriola; Louis A. Giordano; Charles D. Little; Stephen D. Hrebenach; Gary M. Carter; Mario D. Valverde; Derek S. Frey

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Tacoma Power - Residential Weatherization Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Rebate Program Weatherization Rebate Program Tacoma Power - Residential Weatherization Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Windows: $1,000 Ceiling/Floor/Wall Insulation: $3,000 Duct Sealing: $450 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Windows: $2 - $4 per square foot Insulation: $0.50 per square foot Duct Sealing: up to $450 Provider Tacoma Power Tacoma Power helps residential customers increase the energy efficiency of homes through the utility's residential weatherization program. Weatherization upgrades to windows are eligible for an incentive payment of up to $1,000. Customers who pursue ceiling, floor, and wall insulation

460

WxTV Broadcasts Weatherization Training | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WxTV Broadcasts Weatherization Training WxTV Broadcasts Weatherization Training WxTV Broadcasts Weatherization Training June 28, 2010 - 4:00pm Addthis As the director of the Montana Weatherization Training Center, Mike Vogel knows that the field of weatherization is changing. That's why after 20 years of training workers, the center now offers a program that is not limited to its location in Bozeman, or even to the state of Montana itself. After receiving a $354,000 partnership grant from the National Community Action Foundation and ExxonMobil in early June, the training center is producing WxTV (Weatherization Television Network), a weekly weatherization show available on the Internet. The training center is affiliated with Montana State University Extension. With episodes featuring experts from different areas of the country, the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New Jersey Training Workers to Weatherize Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jersey Training Workers to Weatherize Homes Jersey Training Workers to Weatherize Homes New Jersey Training Workers to Weatherize Homes March 15, 2010 - 6:46pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Recovery Act-funded training programs will create weatherization workforce for hundreds and lower bills for low-income residents. New Jersey is training an army of weatherization workers as the state surges ahead with plans to weatherize 13,000 homes, shrinking bills for low-income residents and creating hundreds of jobs. The goal is to develop the "weatherization workforce with family supporting wages" and create "career ladders which will move low-income workers into higher-skilled occupations," says Lisa Ryan, public

462

Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost January 12, 2010 - 3:07pm Addthis As the state of Massachusetts advances toward its goal of weatherizing approximately 17,000 homes over three years, thousands of residents across the Bay State have already felt the impact of its expanded program. Massachusetts has hired 35 energy auditors, roughly 140 weatherization workers and about 30 administrators to keep up with the surge in weatherization work made possible by an $86 million slice of the state's Recovery Act money. Twenty-eight additional contracting companies have been added to the 55 the state already used to weatherize homes. "Every week, we're trying to bring in a new contractor. The more we can

463

Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost Massachusetts on Track with Weatherization Boost January 12, 2010 - 3:07pm Addthis As the state of Massachusetts advances toward its goal of weatherizing approximately 17,000 homes over three years, thousands of residents across the Bay State have already felt the impact of its expanded program. Massachusetts has hired 35 energy auditors, roughly 140 weatherization workers and about 30 administrators to keep up with the surge in weatherization work made possible by an $86 million slice of the state's Recovery Act money. Twenty-eight additional contracting companies have been added to the 55 the state already used to weatherize homes. "Every week, we're trying to bring in a new contractor. The more we can

464

Weatherization Assistance Available at Florida Pie Shop | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Available at Florida Pie Shop Weatherization Assistance Available at Florida Pie Shop Weatherization Assistance Available at Florida Pie Shop June 29, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Malea Guiriba uses a portion of profits from her pie business to fund weatherization projects for local residents. | Photo courtesy of Malea Guiriba Malea Guiriba uses a portion of profits from her pie business to fund weatherization projects for local residents. | Photo courtesy of Malea Guiriba Pie in the Sky, a seemingly simple store that offers customers fresh-baked desserts, is providing a second treat: weatherization. Local resident Malea Guiriba opened the pie shop in the small town of Hastings, Fla., last summer and started using part of the store's profits to help weatherize homes of low-income residents in the area. She did all

465

Secretary Chu Post: Celebrating National Weatherization Day | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Post: Celebrating National Weatherization Day Post: Celebrating National Weatherization Day Secretary Chu Post: Celebrating National Weatherization Day November 1, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - Today, Energy Secretary Steven Chu made the following statement on National Weatherization Day. The statement can be found on the Energy Blog. Celebrating National Weatherization Day Posted by Secretary Steven Chu on November 01, 2010 at 1:55 PM This weekend, communities across the country celebrated National Weatherization Day, highlighting the important work happening nationwide to save money for America's homeowners by investing in energy efficiency. As a result of the Recovery Act weatherization program, more than 245,000 low-income families have had their homes upgraded, which means these families are paying lower energy bills every month. The program has also

466

Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex July 1, 2010 - 10:11am Addthis What does this project do? This nonprofit weatherized a 22-unit low-income multifamily complex, reducing the building's duct leakage from 90 percent to just 5 percent. The weatherization program of the Rural Nevada Development Corporation (RNDC) reached a recent success in its eleven counties-wide territory. In June, the nonprofit finished weatherizing a 22-unit low-income multifamily complex, reducing the building's duct leakage from 90 percent to just 5 percent. "That is one big savings and is why I am proud of this project," says Dru Simerson, RNDC Weatherization Manager. RNDC's crew replaced all windows and 17 furnaces and installed floor

467

C:\Eco-SSLs\Contaminant Specific Documents\Aluminum\November 2003\Eco-SSL for Aluminum .wpd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aluminum Aluminum Interim Final OSWER Directive 9285.7-60 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20460 November 2003 This page intentionally left blank TABLE OF CONTENTS SUMMARY ECO-SSLs FOR ALUMINUM 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 2.0 ALUMINUM CHEMISTRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 3.0 EFFECTS OF ALUMINUM ON PLANTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.1 General Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.2 Essentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3.3 Effect on Phosphorus and Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3.4 Differential Tolerance of Plants to Aluminum Toxicity

468

Five synthetic rubber pond liners protect against leakage and weather  

SciTech Connect

More than 137 million cu ft of pipeline quality gas is produced daily at the Great Plains Coal Gasification Project in Beulah, ND. The facility is the only commercial plant in the US which produces gaseous and liquid fuels from low-grade coal. The plant needs to recycle and reuse 100% of the organic process wastewater, requiring a complicated treatment system of cooling towers, evaporators, a liquid waste incinerator and other units, each of which has its own surge pond. In total, the plant has five surge ponds which hold near 80 million gallons. To prevent the seepage of wastewater from the surge ponds into the ground water, a liner material was needed that would fulfill several design criteria. The liner had to be resistant to degradation caused by a very wide range of temperatures and it had to have a low coefficient of expansion. Resistance to both organic and inorganic chemical substances was another key requirement. Finally, the liner material needed to be easy to seam during field installation. An elastomeric membrane liner using the synthetic rubber and reinforcing polyester scrim best met the plant's requirements. One of the primary reasons for selecting synthetic rubber was its low coefficient of expansion. Extreme seasonal weather conditions, with temperatures ranging from below zero in the winter to over 100/sup 0/F in the summer, are common in North Dakota. And because the level of wastewater in the ponds constantly varies, a liner is frequently exposed to the elements. Overall, the synthetic rubber pond liners have performed through extreme weather conditions and have proven to be a cost-effective solution to wastewater storage at the gasification project.

Weinreich, G.; Hofsess, R.; Toy, D.A.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Porosity and surface area evolution during weathering of two igneous rocks  

SciTech Connect

During weathering, rocks release nutrients and storewater vital for growth ofmicrobial and plant life. Thus, the growth of porosity as weathering advances into bedrock is a life-sustaining process for terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we use small-angle and ultra small-angle neutron scattering to show how porosity develops during initial weathering under tropical conditions of two igneous rock compositions, basaltic andesite and quartz diorite. The quartz diorite weathers spheroidally while the basaltic andesite does not. The weathering advance rates of the two systems also differ, perhaps due to this difference in mechanism, from 0.24 to 100 mm kyr1, respectively. The scattering data document how surfaces inside the feldspar-dominated rocks change as weathering advances into the protolith. In the unaltered rocks, neutrons scatter fromtwo types of featureswhose dimensions vary from6 nmto 40 lm: pores and bumps on pore grain surfaces. These features result in scattering data for both unaltered rocks that document multi-fractal behavior: scattering is best described by amass fractal dimension (Dm) and a surface fractal dimension (Ds) for features of length scales greater than and less than 1 lm, respectively. In the basaltic andesite, Dm is approximately 2.9 and Ds is approximately 2.7. The mechanism of solute transport during weathering of this rock is diffusion. Porosity and surface area increase from 1.5%to 8.5%and 3 to 23 m2 g1 respectively in a relatively consistent trend across themm-thick plagioclase reaction front. Across this front, both fractal dimensions decrease, consistentwith development of amoremonodisperse pore networkwith smoother pore surfaces. Both changes are consistent largely with increasing connectivity of pores without significant surface roughening, as expected for transport-limited weathering. In contrast, porosity and surface area increase from 1.3% to 9.5% and 1.5 to 13 m2 g1 respectively across a many cm-thick reaction front in the spheroidally weathering quartz diorite. In that rock, Dm is approximately 2.8 andDs is approximately 2.5 prior to weathering. These two fractals transform during weathering to multiple surface fractals as micro-cracking reduces the size of diffusion-limited subzones of thematrix.Across the reaction front of plagioclase in the quartz diorite, the specific surface area and porosity change very little until the pointwhere the rock disaggregates into saprolite. The different patterns in porosity development of the two rocks are attributed to advective infiltration plus diffusion in the rock that spheroidally fractures versus diffusion-only in the rock that does not. Fracturing apparently diminishes the size of the diffusion-limited parts of the spheroidally weathering rock system to promote infiltration of meteoric fluids, thereforeexplaining the faster weathering advance rate into that rock.

Navarre-Sitchler, Alexis [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Jin, Lixin [University of Texas, El Paso; Buss, Heather [University of Bristol, UK; Brantley, S. L. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Dissolving uranium oxide--aluminum fuel  

SciTech Connect

The dissolution of aluminum-clad uranium oxide-aluminum fuel was studied to provide basic data for dissolving this type of enriched uranium fuel at the Savannah River Plant. The studies also included the dissolution of a similar material prepared from scrap uranium oxides that were to be recycled through the solvent extraction process. The dissolving behavior of uranium oxide-aluminum core material is similar to that of U-Al alloy. Dissolving rates are rapid in HNO/sub 3/-Hg(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ solutions. Irradiation reduce s the dissolving rate and increases mechanical strength. A dissolution model for use in nuclear safety analyses is developed, . based on the observed dissolving characteristics. (auth)

Perkins, W.C.

1973-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Lithium-aluminum-iron electrode composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative electrode composition is presented for use in a secondary electrochemical cell. The cell also includes an electrolyte with lithium ions such as a molten salt of alkali metal halides or alkaline earth metal halides that can be used in high-temperature cells. The cell's positive electrode contains a a chalcogen or a metal chalcogenide as the active electrode material. The negative electrode composition includes up to 50 atom percent lithium as the active electrode constituent in an alloy of aluminum-iron. Various binary and ternary intermetallic phases of lithium, aluminum and iron are formed. The lithium within the intermetallic phase of Al.sub.5 Fe.sub.2 exhibits increased activity over that of lithium within a lithium-aluminum alloy to provide an increased cell potential of up to about 0.25 volt.

Kaun, Thomas D. (Mokena, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen - 2010 Update  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage The purpose of this White Paper is to describe and evaluate the potential of aluminum-water reactions for the

473

Strategies for aluminum recycling : insights from material system optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dramatic increase in aluminum consumption over the past decades necessitates a societal effort to recycle and reuse these materials to promote true sustainability and energy savings in aluminum production. However, the ...

Li, Preston Pui-Chuen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen: A Study...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage U.S. Department of Energy Version 2 -...

475

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 3003 Aluminum Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... reason of property improvement, especially high temperature performance. ... High Strength Aluminum Brazing Sheets for Condenser Fins of Automotive ... predictions for the phase formation in a wide range of commercial aluminum alloys.

476

Method of winning aluminum metal from aluminous ore  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aluminous ore such as bauxite containing alumina is blended with coke or other suitable form of carbon and reacted with sulfur gas at an elevated temperature. For handling, the ore and coke can be extruded into conveniently sized pellets. The reaction with sulfur gas produces molten aluminum sulfide which is separated from residual solid reactants and impurities. The aluminum sulfide is further increased in temperature to cause its decomposition or sublimation, yielding aluminum subsulfide liquid (AlS) and sulfur gas that is recycled. The aluminum monosulfide is then cooled to below its disproportionation temperature to again form molten aluminum sulfide and aluminum metal. A liquid-liquid or liquid-solid separation, depending on the separation temperature, provides product aluminum and aluminum sulfide for recycle to the disproportionation step.

Loutfy, Raouf O. (Naperville, IL); Keller, Rudolf (Naperville, IL); Yao, Neng-Ping (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Study of aluminum corrosion in aluminum solar heat collectors using aqueous glycol solution for heat transfer. Annual technical progress report, July 30, 1979-July 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The effects of glycol aging at elevated temperatures over long periods of time were studied and the zinc powder protective technique was optimized. Glycols are known to gradually decompose into organic acids at high temperatures. These product species may be aggressive to aluminum in the long run. In addition, corrosion inhibitors may also breakdown due to continuous exposure to high temperatures. As for the zinc powder protective technique, efforts have been made to determine the optimal conditions under which aluminum solar collector panels can be protected most effectively and economically. Both uninhibited and inhibited ethylene as well as propyleneglycols have been aged at three different temperatures (100, 140, and 190/sup 0/C) for 6000 hours continuously. Aliquot samples were taken at 1000 hour intervals for pH measurement and chemical analysis. Results showed that in most cases solution pH dropped sharply during the first 1000 hours of exposure and gradually decreased at a slower pace as the aging process progressed. It was also noted that higher temperatures appeared to hasten this pH shift. The corrosiveness of these aged glycol solutions towards aluminum was determined based on laboratory corrosion tests. The critical pitting potential (E/sub p/) of aluminum in chloride-ion containing aqueous glycol solutions was determined. Its dependence on temperature, chloride-ion concentration, and glycol content was investigated in detail. E/sub p/ was found to become more negative with higher chloride-ion concentration, increasing temperature, and decreasing glycol content. (MHR)

Wong, D.; Cocks, F.H.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Surface alloying of silicon into aluminum substrate.  

SciTech Connect

Aluminum alloys that are easily castable tend to have lower silicon content and hence lower wear resistance. The use of laser surface alloying to improve the surface wear resistance of 319 and 320 aluminum alloys was examined. A silicon layer was painted onto the surface to be treated. A high power pulsed Nd:YAG laser with fiberoptic beam delivery was used to carry out the laser surface treatment to enhance the silicon content. Process parameters were varied to minimize the surface roughness from overlap of the laser beam treatment. The surface-alloyed layer was characterized and the silicon content was determined.

Xu, Z.

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

479

Safe and Efficient Traffic Flow for Aluminum Smelters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Aluminum smelter design, construction and operation requires: ... and traffic scheduling for vehicles and pedestrians throughout the Smelter.

480

Treatment and Minimization of Aluminum and Light Metals Industry ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... reverberatory and rotary aluminum furnaces, reverberatory and rotary lead furnaces, as well as rotary brass furnaces. Representative examples are presented ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "weather conditions aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Cathode Connector For Aluminum Low Temperature Smelting Cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Cathode connector means for low temperature aluminum smelting cell for connecting titanium diboride cathode or the like to bus bars.

Brown, Craig W. (Seattle, WA); Beck, Theodore R. (Seattle, WA); Frizzle, Patrick B. (Seattle, WA)

2003-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

482

13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (ICAA13)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 29, 2011... electrical power transmission, packaging, building and construction, .... Expanding the Availability of Lightweight Aluminum Alloy Armor Plate ...

483

Distribution of Calcium and Aluminum between Molten Silicon and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Distribution of Calcium and Aluminum between Molten ... Electrochemical deposition of high purity silicon from molten fluoride electrolytes.

484

Nucleation Catalysis Potency of Ceramic Nanoparticles in Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Frontiers in Solidification Science. Presentation Title, Nucleation Catalysis Potency of Ceramic Nanoparticles in Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites .

485

Prediction of Bake Hardenability of Aluminum Alloys Al6110 and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Welding of Aluminum Wires for Cables Harnesses in the Automotive Industry ... Transmission Electron Microscopic Investigation of Sensitized Al-5083.

486

Aluminum Tailor-welded Blanks for High Volume Automotive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Strength Aluminum Brazing Sheets for Condenser Fins of Automotive Heat Exchangers · High Temperature Creep Characterization of A380 Cast ...

487

Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries From Aluminum Substituted ...  

Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries From Aluminum Substituted Cathode Materials Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This Technology

488

Cold Water Model Simulation of Aluminum Liquid Fluctuations ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Electrode Technology for Aluminium Production ... Cold Water Model Simulation of Aluminum Liquid Fluctuations Induced by Anodic Gas in New ...

489

Characterization of the Weatherization Assistance Program network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Characterization of the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Network was designed to describe the national network of State and local agencies that provide WAP services to qualifying low-income households. The objective of this study was to profile the current WAP network. To achieve the objective, two national surveys were conducted: one survey collected data from 49 State WAP agencies (including the coterminous 48 States and the District of Columbia), and the second survey collected data from 920 (or 81 percent) of the local WAP agencies.

Mihlmester, P.E.; Koehler, W.C. Jr.; Beyer, M.A. (Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Applied Management Sciences Div.); Brown, M.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Beschen, D.A. Jr. (Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Weatherization Assistance Programs)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions and uses thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one aspect, the invention relates to activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions containing aluminum hydride in the presence of, or absence of, hydrogen desorption stimulants. The invention particularly relates to such compositions having one or more hydrogen desorption stimulants selected from metal hydrides and metal aluminum hydrides. In another aspect, the invention relates to methods for generating hydrogen from such hydrogen storage compositions.

Sandrock, Gary (Ringwood, NJ); Reilly, James (Bellport, NY); Graetz, Jason (Mastic, NY); Wegrzyn, James E. (Brookhaven, NY)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

491

An Evaluation of Winter Weather Severity in the United States Using the Weather Stress Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to provide an evaluation of the magnitude of apparent temperature and the weather stress index (WSI) in winter across the United States. In addition, two extremely cold winters, 1976–77 and 1981–82, are analyzed in ...

Laurence S. Kalkstein; Kathleen M. Valimont

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Membrane Purification Cell for Aluminum Recycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recycling mixed aluminum scrap usually requires adding primary aluminum to the scrap stream as a diluent to reduce the concentration of non-aluminum constituents used in aluminum alloys. Since primary aluminum production requires approximately 10 times more energy than melting scrap, the bulk of the energy and carbon dioxide emissions for recycling are associated with using primary aluminum as a diluent. Eliminating the need for using primary aluminum as a diluent would dramatically reduce energy requirements, decrease carbon dioxide emissions, and increase scrap utilization in recycling. Electrorefining can be used to extract pure aluminum from mixed scrap. Some example applications include producing primary grade aluminum from specific scrap streams such as consumer packaging and mixed alloy saw chips, and recycling multi-alloy products such as brazing sheet. Electrorefining can also be used to extract valuable alloying elements such as Li from Al-Li mixed scrap. This project was aimed at developing an electrorefining process for purifying aluminum to reduce energy consumption and emissions by 75% compared to conventional technology. An electrolytic molten aluminum purification process, utilizing a horizontal membrane cell anode, was designed, constructed, operated and validated. The electrorefining technology could also be used to produce ultra-high purity aluminum for advanced materials applications. The technical objectives for this project were to: - Validate the membrane cell concept with a lab-scale electrorefining cell; - Determine if previously identified voltage increase issue for chloride electrolytes holds for a fluoride-based electrolyte system; - Assess the probability that voltage change issues can be solved; and - Conduct a market and economic analysis to assess commercial feasibility. The process was tested using three different binary alloy compositions (Al-2.0 wt.% Cu, Al-4.7 wt.% Si, Al-0.6 wt.% Fe) and a brazing sheet scrap composition (Al-2.8 wt.% Si-0.7 wt.% Fe-0.8 wt.% Mn),. Purification factors (defined as the initial impurity concentration divided by the final impurity concentration) of greater than 20 were achieved for silicon, iron, copper, and manganese. Cell performance was measured using its current and voltage characteristics and composition analysis of the anode, cathode, and electrolytes. The various cells were autopsied as part of the study. Three electrolyte systems tested were: LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3, LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 and LiF-10 wt.% AlF3. An extended four-day run with the LiCl-10 wt.% AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 electrolyte system was stable for the entire duration of the experiment, running at energy requirements about one third of the Hoopes and the conventional Hall-Heroult process. Three different anode membranes were investigated with respect to their purification performance and survivability: a woven graphite cloth with 0.05 cm nominal thickness & > 90 % porosity, a drilled rigid membrane with nominal porosity of 33%, and another drilled rigid graphite membrane with increased thickness. The latter rigid drilled graphite was selected as the most promising membrane design. The economic viability of the membrane cell to purify scrap is sensitive to primary & scrap aluminum prices, and the cost of electricity. In particular, it is sensitive to the differential between scrap and primary aluminum price which is highly variable and dependent on the scrap source. In order to be economically viable, any scrap post-processing technology in the U.S. market must have a total operating cost well below the scrap price differential of $0.20-$0.40 per lb to the London Metal Exchange (LME), a margin of 65%-85% of the LME price. The cost to operate the membrane cell is estimated to be aluminum. The energy cost is estimated to be $0.05/lb of purified aluminum with the remaining costs being repair and maintenance, electrolyte, labor, taxes and depreciation. The bench-scale work on membrane purification cell process has demonstrated technological advantages and subs

David DeYoung; James Wiswall; Cong Wang

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

493

Membrane Purification Cell for Aluminum Recycling  

SciTech Connect

Recycling mixed aluminum scrap usually requires adding primary aluminum to the scrap stream as a diluent to reduce the concentration of non-aluminum constituents used in aluminum alloys. Since primary aluminum production requires approximately 10 times more energy than melting scrap, the bulk of the energy and carbon dioxide emissions for recycling are associated with using primary aluminum as a diluent. Eliminating the need for using primary aluminum as a diluent would dramatically reduce energy requirements, decrease carbon dioxide emissions, and increase scrap utilization in recycling. Electrorefining can be used to extract pure aluminum from mixed scrap. Some example applications include producing primary grade aluminum from specific scrap streams such as consumer packaging and mixed alloy saw chips, and recycling multi-alloy products such as brazing sheet. Electrorefining can also be used to extract valuable alloying elements such as Li from Al-Li mixed scrap. This project was aimed at developing an electrorefining process for purifying aluminum to reduce energy consumption and emissions by 75% compared to conventional technology. An electrolytic molten aluminum purification process, utilizing a horizontal membrane cell anode, was designed, constructed, operated and validated. The electrorefining technology could also be used to produce ultra-high purity aluminum for advanced materials applications. The technical objectives for this project were to: - Validate the membrane cell concept with a lab-scale electrorefining cell; - Determine if previously identified voltage increase issue for chloride electrolytes holds for a fluoride-based electrolyte system; - Assess the probability that voltage change issues can be solved; and - Conduct a market and economic analysis to assess commercial feasibility. The process was tested using three different binary alloy compositions (Al-2.0 wt.% Cu, Al-4.7 wt.% Si, Al-0.6 wt.% Fe) and a brazing sheet scrap composition (Al-2.8 wt.% Si-0.7 wt.% Fe-0.8 wt.% Mn),. Purification factors (defined as the initial impurity concentration divided by the final impurity concentration) of greater than 20 were achieved for silicon, iron, copper, and manganese. Cell performance was measured using its current and voltage characteristics and composition analysis of the anode, cathode, and electrolytes. The various cells were autopsied as part of the study. Three electrolyte systems tested were: LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3, LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 and LiF-10 wt.% AlF3. An extended four-day run with the LiCl-10 wt.% AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 electrolyte system was stable for the entire duration of the experiment, running at energy requirements about one third of the Hoopes and the conventional Hall-Heroult process. Three different anode membranes were investigated with respect to their purification performance and survivability: a woven graphite cloth with 0.05 cm nominal thickness & > 90 % porosity, a drilled rigid membrane with nominal porosity of 33%, and another drilled rigid graphite membrane with increased thickness. The latter rigid drilled graphite was selected as the most promising membrane design. The economic viability of the membrane cell to purify scrap is sensitive to primary & scrap aluminum prices, and the cost of electricity. In particular, it is sensitive to the differential between scrap and primary aluminum price which is highly variable and dependent on the scrap source. In order to be economically viable, any scrap post-processing technology in the U.S. market must have a total operating cost well below the scrap price differential of $0.20-$0.40 per lb to the London Metal Exchange (LME), a margin of 65%-85% of the LME price. The cost to operate the membrane cell is estimated to be < $0.24/lb of purified aluminum. The energy cost is estimated to be $0.05/lb of purified aluminum with the remaining costs being repair and maintenance, electrolyte, labor, taxes and depreciation. The bench-scale work on membrane purification cell process has demonstrated technological advantages and subs

David DeYoung; James Wiswall; Cong Wang

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

494

State Home Oil Weatherization (SHOW) Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Oil Weatherization (SHOW) Program Home Oil Weatherization (SHOW) Program State Home Oil Weatherization (SHOW) Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Maximum Rebate $500/household Program Info State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Blower-door test - 100% of the cost up to $100. All other technologies are 25% of the total cost, up to $150 or $500, depending on the upgrade. Provider Oregon Department of Energy Oregon homeowners and renters who heat with oil, wood, propane, kerosene, or butane are eligible for home weatherization rebates of up to $500. A

495

Five More States Reach Major Recovery Act Weatherization Milestone |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Five More States Reach Major Recovery Act Weatherization Milestone Five More States Reach Major Recovery Act Weatherization Milestone Five More States Reach Major Recovery Act Weatherization Milestone June 18, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that five more states have reached a significant milestone under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - completing weatherization work for more than 30 percent of the homes they have planned. Now that New Hampshire, New Mexico, Montana, Minnesota, and Utah have each met this target, along with completing a series of monitoring and reporting milestones, the states will have access to the remaining 50 percent of their Recovery Act funding for the program. The Weatherization Assistance Program under the Recovery Act has weatherized more than 108,000 homes nationally, saving American

496

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Year for Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year for Energy Calculations 2 Year for Energy Calculations 2 Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2 logo. Contains typical year hourly weather data for 77 locations in the United States and Canada. The Weather Year for Energy Calculations 2 (WYEC2) format updates and replaces the earlier WYEC format weather data files and was developed specifically for use with building energy simulation programs. A manual for the WYEC2 weather files and the software toolkit for manipulating and viewing the data is provided. Create multiple reports using a software toolkit on the CD-ROM. WYEC2 weather files consist of 8760 or 8784 identical fixed format records, one for each hour of a 365 or 366 day year. Each record is 116 characters in length. The WYEC2 format is derived from the NOAA TD 9734 Typical Meteorological

497

Mississippi Agency Weatherizing Homes, Creating Jobs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Agency Weatherizing Homes, Creating Jobs Mississippi Agency Weatherizing Homes, Creating Jobs Mississippi Agency Weatherizing Homes, Creating Jobs September 20, 2010 - 5:00pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? WWISCAA has weatherized 424 low-income homes; double their total from last year. Jean Marie Hill, executive director for Warren Washington Issaquena Sharkey Community Action Agency, is happy to report her organization has doubled the amount of homes weatherized in a year since Recovery Act funds came to Mississippi. She will also tell you that she's glad WWISCAA can spend twice the amount of money to weatherize each home, from about $3,000 to $6,500. But what she really gets excited about is the job numbers. WWISCAA has gone from three contractors to 12 contractors, and the

498

Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County August 12, 2010 - 5:03pm Addthis Kevin Craft Monroe County Opportunity Program (MCOP) has provided weatherization services to southeastern Michigan residents for over 20 years, and funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 recently allowed this private non-profit to hire more staff and increase the scope of its services. In April 2009, MCOP received $3 million in Recovery Act funds to spend over a three year period. "We initially used the money to hire three office staffers to process weatherization applications and a full-time inspector to conduct pre- and post-inspections on houses that are approved for weatherization," says

499

Arizona Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arizona Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center Arizona Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center Arizona Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center September 22, 2010 - 10:21am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE To an outsider, Arizona's Foundation for Senior Living (FSL) probably sounds like an organization that deals just with retired folks. But a closer look reveals a more diverse organization. Not only does the 35-year-old nonprofit perform energy upgrades for low-income residents, but in Maricopa County and the Phoenix area it also trains a good part of the weatherization workforce to do that. Expanding building science Since 2004, more than 1,450 people have completed programs at the Foundation's weatherization training center. Now, because of Weatherization

500

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College Addthis Description A look into some of the remarkable work being done in the Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College. Penn College's program has served as the model for six other training centers in Pennsylvania alone. Speakers Jeff Melville, Jack Wilson, John Manz, Kirk Gannett, Franzenia Smith, Duration 4:07 Topic Home Weatherization Education & Training Credit Energy Department Video JEFF MEVILLE: I'm Jeff Meville. I live in Montgomery, which is local to the area, about 10 miles south of here. I own a company called Jenpro (sp) Incorporated. We are a subcontractor in the weatherization business. We've got four guys right now working 40 hours a week plus,