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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

IN HARM'S WAY: Lack Of Federal Coal Ash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN HARM'S WAY: Lack Of Federal Coal Ash Regulations Endangers Americans And Their Environment 2010 Thirty-nine New Damage Cases of Contamination from Improperly Disposed Coal Combustion Waste, Editor and Contributing Author #12;IN HARM'S WAY: Lack of Federal Coal Ash Regulations Endangers

Short, Daniel

2

Curriculum Vitae Kyle E. Harms 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS CURRICULUM VITAE ­ August 2013 ADDRESS Navarrete, #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 2 Stuart J. Davies, Stephen P. Hubbell & James W. Dalling

Harms, Kyle E.

3

Curriculum Vitae Kyle E. Harms 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS CURRICULUM VITAE ­ March 2014 ADDRESS. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280:9pp. #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 2 63. Baldeck, Claire A

Harms, Kyle E.

4

Curriculum Vitae Kyle E. Harms 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS CURRICULUM VITAE ­ December 2012 ADDRESS. Journal of Ecology 100:1174-1182. #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 2 57. Ferro, Michael L., Matthew

Harms, Kyle E.

5

Curriculum Vitae Kyle E. Harms 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 1 KYLE EDWARD HARMS CURRICULUM VITAE ­ January 2014 ADDRESS forest communities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280:9pp. #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Kyle E. Harms ­ 2

Harms, Kyle E.

6

The Morality of Collective Harm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andreou, Chrisoula. Environmental Damage and the Puzzle ofin. 39 Much environmental damage, and resulting harm tocould be defeated. Environmental damage, and resulting harm

Nefsky, Julia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The ultimate disposition of depleted uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depleted uranium (DU) is produced as a by-product of the uranium enrichment process. Over 340,000 MTU of DU in the form of UF{sub 6} have been accumulated at the US government gaseous diffusion plants and the stockpile continues to grow. An overview of issues and objectives associated with the inventory management and the ultimate disposition of this material is presented.

Lemons, T.R. [Uranium Enrichment Organization, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Project...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation GraphenePore.jpg Key Challenges: Investigate the permeability and...

9

The ultimate disposition of depleted uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant amounts of the depleted uranium (DU) created by past uranium enrichment activities have been sold, disposed of commercially, or utilized by defense programs. In recent years, however, the demand for DU has become quite small compared to quantities available, and within the US Department of Energy (DOE) there is concern for any risks and/or cost liabilities that might be associated with the ever-growing inventory of this material. As a result, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), was asked to review options and to develop a comprehensive plan for inventory management and the ultimate disposition of DU accumulated at the gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs). An Energy Systems task team, under the chairmanship of T. R. Lemons, was formed in late 1989 to provide advice and guidance for this task. This report reviews options and recommends actions and objectives in the management of working inventories of partially depleted feed (PDF) materials and for the ultimate disposition of fully depleted uranium (FDU). Actions that should be considered are as follows. (1) Inspect UF{sub 6} cylinders on a semiannual basis. (2) Upgrade cylinder maintenance and storage yards. (3) Convert FDU to U{sub 3}O{sub 8} for long-term storage or disposal. This will include provisions for partial recovery of costs to offset those associated with DU inventory management and the ultimate disposal of FDU. Another recommendation is to drop the term tails'' in favor of depleted uranium'' or DU'' because the tails'' label implies that it is waste.'' 13 refs.

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealedc consensus. Harmful Algae 8:313. 2. Sunda WG, Graneli E,of the United States. Harmful Algae 8:3953. 4. Smayda TJ (

Grigoriev, Igor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Probabilistic metrology defeats ultimate deterministic bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum-enhanced measurements exploit quantum mechanical effects to provide ultra-precise estimates of physical variables for use in advanced technologies, such as frequency calibration of atomic clocks, gravitational waves detection, and biosensing. Quantum metrology studies the fundamental limits in the estimation precision given a certain amount of resources (e.g. the number of probe systems) and restrictions (e.g. limited interaction time, or coping with unavoidable presence of noise). Here we show that, even in the presence of noise, probabilistic measurement strategies (which have a certain probability of failure or abstention) can provide, upon a heralded successful outcome, estimates with a precision that violates the deterministic bounds. This establishes a new ultimate quantum metrology limit. For probe systems subject to local dephasing, we quantify such precision limit as a function of the probability of failure that can be tolerated. We show that the possibility of abstaining can substantially set back the detrimental effects of noise.

J. Calsamiglia; B. Gendra; R. Munoz-Tapia; E. Bagan

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

12

Ad Hoc Synchronization Considered Harmful Weiwei Xiong+, Soyeon Park, Jiaqi Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhou, Zhiqiang Ma*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ad Hoc Synchronization Considered Harmful Weiwei Xiong+, Soyeon Park, Jiaqi Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhou Abstract Many synchronizations in existing multi­threaded pro­ grams are implemented in an ad hoc way. The first part of this paper does a comprehensive characteristic study of ad hoc synchronizations

Zhou, Yuanyuan

13

The Health Risks: Seafood Contamination, Harmful Algal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health products from the sea. What is the central issue? Why should I care? How will OHH researchThe Health Risks: Seafood Contamination, Harmful Algal Blooms and Polluted Beaches Seafood associated public health costs. Announcing a New Interagency Report on Oceans and Human Health Research

14

Mercury, to put it plainly, is bad stuff. In people, it causes exhaustion, headaches, memory loss, even brain damage; in birds it appears to have similar nervous system impacts and can harm their eggs; in the environment, there's almost no way to get rid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury, to put it plainly, is bad stuff. In people, it causes exhaustion, headaches, memory loss; in the environment, there's almost no way to get rid of it. Mercury in the San Francisco Bay is especially sinister with for cleaning up our bay and mitigating past errors, often make mercury levels worse. But why that is, where it

15

Ris-R-1111(EN) Ultimate Loading of Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1111(EN) Ultimate Loading of Wind Turbines Gunner Chr. Larsen, Knut Ronold, Hans E analysis as well as a wind turbine reliability study. In the wind climate analysis, the distribution to analyse wind turbine components with respect to failure in ultimate loading, and in addition to establish

16

Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade Find Mlholt Jensen Ris-PhD-34(EN) ISBN 978 2008 #12;#12;Author: Find Mlholt Jensen Title: Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade contains a study of the structural static strength of wind turbine blades loaded in flap-wise direction

17

THERMAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS ON ULTIMATE HEAT SINKS - COOLING...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(and-eventually, spray ponds) that are proposed to be used as ultimate heat sinks in nuclear power plant emergency core cooling systems. The need is derived from the concern...

18

Global Dynamics of Zooplankton and Harmful Algae in Flowing Habitats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Dynamics of Zooplankton and Harmful Algae in Flowing Habitats Sze-Bi Hsu Feng-Bin Wang Xiao from the dynamics of harmful algae and zooplankton in flowing- water habitats where a main channel. For the system modeling the dynamics of algae and their toxin that contains little limiting nutrient, we

Hsu, Sze-Bi

19

Portugal's Budget Austerity May Do More Harm Than Good  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portugal's Budget Austerity May Do More Harm Than Good July 02, 2013 4:00 AM by LAUREN FRAYER severe budget austerity does more harm than good. LAUREN FRAYER, BYLINE: Of all the bailed-out countries. Portuguese Finance Minister Vitor Gaspar took it even further - doubling budget cuts and tax hikes. Last year

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

20

Hybrid Dynamical Systems, or HDS: The Ultimate Switching Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Dynamical Systems, or HDS: The Ultimate Switching Experience Michael S. Branicky Laboratory concentrated on formalizing the notion of a hybrid system as switching among an indexed collection of dynamical give a quick overview of the area of hybrid systems. I also briefly review the formal definition

Branicky, Michael S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking, because the ...

Bertrand, Erin Marie

23

Eutrophication and harmful algal blooms: A scientific consensus J. Heisler a,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eutrophication and harmful algal blooms: A scientific consensus J. Heisler a,3 , P.M. Glibert b between water quality and eutrophication and the occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). This meeting in revised form 21 January 2008 Accepted 1 August 2008 Keywords: Eutrophication Harmful algal blooms HABs

Cochlan, William P.

24

Young Children Selectively Avoid Helping People With Harmful Intentions Amrisha Vaish, Malinda Carpenter, and Michael Tomasello  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Young Children Selectively Avoid Helping People With Harmful Intentions Amrisha Vaish, Malinda. In Study 1 (N = 54), 3-year-olds watched 1 adult (the actor) harming or helping another adult. Children subsequently helped the harmful actor less often than a third (previously neutral) adult, but helped

Carpenter, M.alinda

25

Ultimate strength of carbon nanotubes: A theoretical study Qingzhong Zhao, Marco Buongiorno Nardelli, and J. Bernholc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultimate strength of carbon nanotubes: A theoretical study Qingzhong Zhao, Marco Buongiorno 27695-8202 Received 7 June 2001; published 27 March 2002 The ultimate strength of carbon nanotubes is investigated by large-scale quantum calculations. While the formation energy of strain-induced topological

26

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking because the biochemical pathways that facilitate their dominance relative to other phytoplankton within specific environments have not been identified. Here, biogeochemical measurements demonstrated that the harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens outcompeted co-occurring phytoplankton in estuaries with elevated levels of dissolved organic matter and turbidity and low levels of dissolved inorganic nitrogen. We subsequently sequenced the first HAB genome (A. anophagefferens) and compared its gene complement to those of six competing phytoplankton species identified via metaproteomics. Using an ecogenomic approach, we specifically focused on the gene sets that may facilitate dominance within the environmental conditions present during blooms. A. anophagefferens possesses a larger genome (56 mbp) and more genes involved in light harvesting, organic carbon and nitrogen utilization, and encoding selenium- and metal-requiring enzymes than competing phytoplankton. Genes for the synthesis of microbial deterrents likely permit the proliferation of this species with reduced mortality losses during blooms. Collectively, these findings suggest that anthropogenic activities resulting in elevated levels of turbidity, organic matter, and metals have opened a niche within coastal ecosystems that ideally suits the unique genetic capacity of A. anophagefferens and thus has facilitated the proliferation of this and potentially other HABs.

Gobler, C J; Grigoriev, I V; Berry, D L; Dyhrman, S T; Wilhelm, S W; Salamov, A; Lobanov, A V; Zhang, Y; Collier, J L; Wurch, L L; Kustka, A B; Dill, B D; Shah, M; VerBerkomes, N C; Kuo, A; Terry, A; Pangilinan, J; Lindquist, E A; Lucas, S; Paulsen, I; Hattenrath-Lehmann, T K; Talmage, S; Walker, E A; Koch, F; Burson, A M; Marcoval, M A; Tang, Y; LeCleir, G R; Coyne, K J; Berg, G M; Bertrand, E M; Saito, M A; Gladyshev, V N

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

27

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking, because the biochemical pathways that facilitate their dominance relative to other phytoplankton within specific environments have not been identified. Here, biogeochemical measurements showed that the harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens outcompeted co-occurring phytoplankton in estuaries with elevated levels of dissolved organic matter and turbidity and low levels of dissolved inorganic nitrogen. We subsequently sequenced the genome of A. anophagefferens and compared its gene complement with those of six competing phytoplankton species identified through metaproteomics. Using an ecogenomic approach, we specifically focused on gene sets that may facilitate dominance within the environmental conditions present during blooms. A. anophagefferens possesses a larger genome (56 Mbp) and has more genes involved in light harvesting, organic carbon and nitrogen use, and encoding selenium- and metal-requiring enzymes than competing phytoplankton. Genes for the synthesis of microbial deterrents likely permit the proliferation of this species, with reduced mortality losses during blooms. Collectively, these findings suggest that anthropogenic activities resulting in elevated levels of turbidity, organic matter, and metals have opened a niche within coastal ecosystems that ideally suits the unique genetic capacity of A. anophagefferens and thus, has facilitated the proliferation of this and potentially other HABs.

Grigoriev, Igor; Gobler, Christopher; Salamov, Asaf; Kuo, Alan; Terry, Astrid; Pangillian, Jasmyn; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Berry, Dianna; Dyhrman, Sonya; Wilhelm, Steven; Lobanov, Alexei; Zhang, Yan; Collier, Jackie; Wurch, Louie; Kusta, Adam; Dill, Brian; Shsh, Manesh; VerBerkmoes, Nathan; Paulsen, Ian; Hattenrath-Lehmann, Theresa; Talmage, Stephanie; Walker, Elyse; Koch, Florian; Burson, Amanda; Marcoval, Maria; Tang, Yin-Zhong; LeCleir, Gary; Coyne, Kathyrn; Berg, Gry; Bertrand, Erin; Saito, Mak; Gladyshev, Vadim

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

28

Air Products effective way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PE O A e s a b O T A O ENNST Overview Air Products effective way standard me Departm Shipping has recently y of shipping eans. Air Pro ontainer that es of this pro onduct mark eep accelera eep the cost tilize widely a earch and m m visited Air er needs wer model was cr m approache ms

Demirel, Melik C.

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - acanthopanax senticosus harms Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

phosphate monobasic Harmful KOH Potassium hydroxide Source: Manning, Sturt - Cornell Tree-Ring Laboratory, Cornell University Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 8...

30

Alcohol-Related Harm and Primary Health Care in British Columbia, Canada.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???In recent years there has been a renewed focus on reducing the harms of addictive substances such as alcohol while at the same time restraining (more)

Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Physical one-way functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern cryptography relies on algorithmic one-way functions - numerical functions which are easy to compute but very difficult to invert. This dissertation introduces physical one-way firnctions and physical one-way hash ...

Pappu, Ravikanth Srinivasa

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

0 20 4010 Miles NOAA Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 20 4010 Miles NOAA Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System Texas Forecast Region Maps to Sargent BCH NOAA Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System Texas Forecast Region Maps 0 5 102 Bloom Operational Forecast System Texas Forecast Region Maps 0 5 102.5 Miles West Bay #12;Aransas Bay

33

Development of Hyperspectral remote sensing capability for the early detection and monitoring of Harmful Algal Blooms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blooms (HABs) in the western basin of Lake Erie and Saginaw Bay in Lake Huron. The HABs can be very of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the Great Lakes John Lekki1 , Robert Anderson2 , Quang-Viet Nguyen3 Lakes is to detect and monitor the development of potentially Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). Two

34

How Perceived Exposure to Environmental Harm Influences Environmental Behavior in Urban China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Á Pro-environmental behavior INTRODUCTION Environmental degradation and the impact it has on society attitudes, perceived exposure to environmental harm tends to have more impact on individuals' environmentalREPORT How Perceived Exposure to Environmental Harm Influences Environmental Behavior in Urban

Peterson, M. Nils

35

Using Cell Phones to Detect Harmful Airborne Engineering lab named after company that hopes to commercialize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Cell Phones to Detect Harmful Airborne Substances Engineering lab named after company focused on using mobile devices, such as cell phones, to detect harmful airborne substances in real detection capabilities with mobile devices, including cell phones that can interface global positioning

36

Proximate and Ultimate Compositional Changes in Corn Stover during Torrefaction using Thermogravimetric Analyzer and Microwaves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract The world is currently aiming to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to achieve a sustainable renewable supply. Renewable energies represent a diversity of energy sources that can help to maintain the equilibrium of different ecosystems. Among the various sources of renewable energy, biomass is considered carbon neutral because the carbon dioxide released during its use is already part of the carbon cycle. Increasing the use of biomass for energy can help to reduce the negative CO2 impact on the environment and help meet the targets established in the Kyoto Protocol. Energy from biomass can be produced from different processes, including thermochemical (direct combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis), biological (anaerobic digestion, fermentation), or chemical (esterification) technologies. There are lot challenges in using biomass for energy applications. To name few low bulk density, high moisture content, irregular size and shape, hydrophilic nature and low calorific value. In commercial scale operation large quantities of biomass are needed and this will create problems associated with storage and transportation. Furthermore, grinding raw biomass with high moisture content is very challenging as there are no specific equipments and can increase the costs and in some cases it becomes highly impossible. All of these drawbacks led to development of some pretreatment techniques to make biomass more suitable for fuel applications. One of the promising techniques is torrefaction. Torrefaction is heating the biomass in an inert environment or reduced environment. During torrefaction biomass losses moisture, becomes more brittle and with increased energy density values. There are different techniques used for torrefaction of biomass. Fixed bed, bubbling sand bed and moving bed are the most common ones used. The use of microwaves for torrefaction purposes has not been explored. In the present study we looked into the torrefaction of biomass using the regular and microwaves and their effect on proximate and ultimate composition. Studies indicated that microwave torrefaction is a good way to torrefy the biomass in short periods of time. A maximum calorific value of 21 MJ/kg is achievable at 6 min residence time compared to 15 min using the dry torrefaction technique. Increasing the residence time increased the carbon content where a maximum carbon content of 52.20 % was achievable at lower residence time. The loss of volatiles is comparatively lower compared to dry torrefaction technique. Moisture content of microwave torrefied samples was in between 2-2.5 % (w.b).

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIAL ACTION ARE WE DOING MORE HARM THAN GOOD?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) (1) has stated that interventions i.e., remedial actions should do more good than harm. This paper examines completed cleanup projects to answer the question posed in the title. Various researchers have published that toxins in the environment only cause a small percentage of cancers i.e., 1-3 percent (2,3). Estimates of hypothetical fatal cancers are inflated because primarily it is assumed that people will change their living habits and move onto or near uncontrolled waste sites. An occupancy factor of 100 % is used and by using large populations exposed to miniscule levels of radiation (4) unreal levels of fatal cancers are predicted. What we observe are technically indefensible numbers of cancers being calculated for these hypothetical people. This and other maximizing assumptions inflate the risk. The inflated risk, along with very conservative criteria, drives the removal of large volumes of soil and debris. An unintended consequence of these costly well-intentioned (5) remedial actions is the real fatalities and injuries that occur to workers doing the construction and to members of the public through transportation activities. Even though some analysis include the estimates of worker risk, there is little or no discussion which highlights the fact that real risk is being traded for hypothetical risk. This paper is an attempt to review this situation and through cited literature and case studies, come to a better understanding of what if any good is really being done. Maybe it is time to consider this transfer of risk from hypothetical victims to the real victims in remedial action decision-making.

Bruce W. Church

38

Finding Ultimate Limits of Performance for Hybrid Electric Edward D. Tate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

00FTT-50 Finding Ultimate Limits of Performance for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Edward D. Tate Stephen electric vehicles are seen as a solution to improving fuel economy and reducing pollution emissions from including: · nonlinear fuel/power maps · min and max battery charge · battery efficiency · nonlinear vehicle

39

The ultimate goal "Deciphering" the DNA nucleotide sequence of a living system*.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultimate goal "Deciphering" the DNA nucleotide sequence of a living system*. Tools difficult macromolecule to analyse. Now it is possible to determine the nucleotide sequence at a rate of several hundred nucleotide a day. (August 2005: 1011 bases) #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12; = 0.283 #12

Morante, Silvia

40

Temperature dependent elastic constants and ultimate strength of graphene and graphyne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature dependent elastic constants and ultimate strength of graphene and graphyne Tianjiao strength of graphene and graphyne Tianjiao Shao,1,2 Bin Wen,1,a) Roderick Melnik,3,4 Shan Yao,2 Yoshiyuki strength of graphene and graphyne. For the linear thermal expan- sion coefficient, both graphene

Melnik, Roderick

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Ultimate-Sustainable-Yield Problem in Nonlinear Age-Structured Populations*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that it assumes that recruitment is independent of population density. *This work was partially supportedThe Ultimate-Sustainable-Yield Problem in Nonlinear Age-Structured Populations* WAYNE M. GETZ Africa Received 24 January 1979; revised IO Ju& 1979 ABSTRACT The Beverton-Holt theory of harvesting

Getz, Wayne M.

42

Predicting the ultimate bending capacity of concrete beams from the ``relaxation ratio'' analysis of AE signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on ``testing'' the real structure rather than trying to model it. Experiments on reinforced concrete (RC) beamsPredicting the ultimate bending capacity of concrete beams from the ``relaxation ratio'' analysis the unloading and loading phases of a cycle test and it showed a clear correlation with the bending failure load

43

Why Plaintiffs Should Have to Prove Irreparable Harm in Copyright Preliminary Injunction Cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

harm that might find support in Sony is applicable to a caseL.J. 829 (2008)(discussing Sony?s legacy for technologyand interesting than they might Sony, 450 U.S. at 451. Sony

Samuelson, Pamela

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Deep Water Mixing Prevents Harmful Algal Bloom Formation: Implications for Managed Fisheries Refugia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bloom initiation and development, they are benign to other aspects of the lower food web and environment. The results from using deep lake water to suppress harmful algal blooms indicate this may be a promising management approach and further studies...

Hayden, Natanya Jeanne

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

45

Analysis of Various Pumping Methods With Respect to the Lowest Achievable Ultimate Pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jefferson Labzs CEBAF Accelerator Facility uses most of the currently available vacuum pumping systems for its successful operations.These vacuum systems include turbo, ion, NEG and cryo pumps.The theoretical lowest pressure obtainable with these pumps is different and also the effective pumping speeds of all these pumps at lowest pressures are likely to vary depending on the prevailing conditions. Consequently, the ultimate pressure of a given vacuum system pumped by each of the above mentioned pumps could be expected to vary under the same operating conditions. In this paper the results of the analysis of above pumps with respect to their lowest achievable ultimate pressures are presented.z This work was supported by U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC05-84ER40150

Myneni, Ganapati; Rao Myneni, Ganapati; Favale, Anthony; Poelker, Benard; Stutzman, Marcy

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Rights of Way Pesticide Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rights of Way Pesticide Training This class will provide informa on for people doing Rights of Way than 5 business days prior to training by 5:00PM. LATE CANCELLATIONS = NO REFUNDS ~ NO CREDITS ~ NO ROLLING FORWARD ~ NO EXCEPTIONS. The SBE Training Center reserves the right to cancel class due to low

Ishida, Yuko

47

1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?C. At 800?C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

48

The theoretical ultimate magnetoelectric coefficients of magnetoelectric composites by optimization design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates what is the largest magnetoelectric (ME) coefficient of ME composites, and how to realize it. From the standpoint of energy conservation, a theoretical analysis is carried out on an imaginary lever structure consisting of a magnetostrictive phase, a piezoelectric phase, and a rigid lever. This structure is a generalization of various composite layouts for optimization on ME effect. The predicted theoretical ultimate ME coefficient plays a similar role as the efficiency of ideal heat engine in thermodynamics, and is used to evaluate the existing typical ME layouts, such as the parallel sandwiched layout and the serial layout. These two typical layouts exhibit ME coefficient much lower than the theoretical largest values, because in the general analysis the stress amplification ratio and the volume ratio can be optimized independently and freely, but in typical layouts they are dependent or fixed. To overcome this shortcoming and achieve the theoretical largest ME coefficient, a new design is presented. In addition, it is found that the most commonly used electric field ME coefficient can be designed to be infinitely large. We doubt the validity of this coefficient as a reasonable ME effect index and consider three more ME coefficients, namely the electric charge ME coefficient, the voltage ME coefficient, and the static electric energy ME coefficient. We note that the theoretical ultimate value of the static electric energy ME coefficient is finite and might be a more proper measure of ME effect.

Wang, H.-L.; Liu, B., E-mail: liubin@tsinghua.edu.cn [AML, CNMM, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Unraveling the fish kill mechanism(s) of the harmful alga Chattonella marina, from the perspective of osmotic disturbance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???The harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, Chattonella marina, has caused severe economic loss to marine fisheries worldwide. In the past three decades, suffocation or respiratory (more)

Xu, Jingliang (???)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Changes in Acoustic Impedance of Marine Sediment Covered with Liquid Henning Harms, Wlner Matuschek, Volker Mellert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) with different densities and sound speeds as a function of grazing angle. The measurements clearly show of the liqui~, TABLE1, Sound speed and density of the chemicals wed in the experiments. substance lChanges in Acoustic Impedance of Marine Sediment Covered with Liquid Pollutants Henning Harms

Vormann, Matthias

51

NOAA Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System Southwest Florida Forecast Region Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecast System Southwest Florida Forecast Region Maps 0 20 4010 Miles #12;Bay-S Pinellas Bay-UPR Bay Bloom Operational Forecast System Southwest Florida Forecast Region Maps 0 5 102.5 Miles #12;Bay Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System Southwest Florida Forecast Region Maps 0 5 102.5 Miles #12

52

Invasive Species, Harmful Algae & Hypoxia in the Great Lakes: An Ecosystem Approach Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invasive Species, Harmful Algae & Hypoxia in the Great Lakes: An Ecosystem Approach Introduction. Hypoxia has occurred frequently in the summer in western Lake Erie. HABs have been responsible The Laurentian Great Lakes are a major resource to North America, containing 18% of the world's surface

53

Great Lakes & Ohio River Division Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB) Response Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USACE Great Lakes & Ohio River Division Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB) Response Plan Erich Emery USACE Louisville District 28-29 MAY 2014 #12;Great Lakes & Ohio River Division 2 #12;Lake Erie 3 NOAA processed satellite imagery showing concentrations of cyanobacteria in Western Basin Lake Erie 7/27/2010 #12;Focus

US Army Corps of Engineers

54

Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examining linkages from selected coastal regions of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examining linkages from selected coastal regions of cultural eutrophication linked to the pressures of increasing human population including animal and plant on some aspects of the relationship between eutrophication and HABs (Heisler et al., 2008), recognizing

Townsend, David W.

55

The evolution of helping and harming on graphs: the return of the inclusive fitness effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolution of helping and harming on graphs: the return of the inclusive fitness effect L relatedness between individuals promotes helping behaviour, evolu- tionary graph theory emphasizes., 2006; Ohtsuki & Nowak, 2006). Evolutionary graph theory models allow the effect of space on helping

Alvarez, Nadir

56

APPENDIX C Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Protect Forests From Harm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 APPENDIX C ­ Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Data Gaps Protect Forests From Harm o. Enhance Public Benefits from Trees and Forests o Water Supply Need data that will allow assessment Economic Opportunities Need a state level assessment of biomass supply for both wood products

57

Animal carcasses must be handled properly to prevent harm to people, herds, flocks,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Animal carcasses must be handled properly to prevent harm to people, herds, flocks, water (Fig. 1): · Diseases can be spread to people and animals. · Carcass fluids can leach into and pollute, or rivers). · Obnoxious gases and odors can be emitted to the atmosphere. · The carcasses can attract

Mukhtar, Saqib

58

Deepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna This photo from April 24, 2010 shows oil in the Gulf of Mexico, more than 50 miles southeast of Venice on Louisiana's tip sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, found that crude oil from the 2010

Grosell, Martin

59

Best Practices: Energy Savings Efficient energy use reduces Colorado State's total energy demand, decreases harmful  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Practices: Energy Savings Efficient energy use reduces Colorado State's total energy demand, decreases harmful emissions, and minimizes the cost of providing energy to the campus. As a result of energy conservation initiatives that have been implemented over the past 20 years, growth in the average demand per

60

Assessing Fatigue and Ultimate Load Uncertainty in Floating Offshore Wind Turbines Due to Varying Simulation Length  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the push towards siting wind turbines farther offshore due to higher wind quality and less visibility, floating offshore wind turbines, which can be located in deep water, are becoming an economically attractive option. The International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) 61400-3 design standard covers fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines, but there are a number of new research questions that need to be answered to modify these standards so that they are applicable to floating wind turbines. One issue is the appropriate simulation length needed for floating turbines. This paper will discuss the results from a study assessing the impact of simulation length on the ultimate and fatigue loads of the structure, and will address uncertainties associated with changing the simulation length for the analyzed floating platform. Recommendations of required simulation length based on load uncertainty will be made and compared to current simulation length requirements.

Stewart, G.; Lackner, M.; Haid, L.; Matha, D.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ight-derived energy enters the biosphere through photosyn-thesis, and ultimately sustains virtually all living organisms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transformation of the light into reducing power (NADPH) and chemical energy (ATP) and its ultimate utilization can be divided into two principal components. Adaptation is a geno- typic response to long

Sarhan, Fathey

62

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING1 "Given the chance, poor. The Sustainable Community Connections project, coordinated by AWISH-HELLAS, seeks to address food security issues) olive oil-related products, with targeting of markets in the European Union (EU) and United States (US

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

63

The determination of regionalised wind roses for the UK, for use with the HARM acid depositional model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metcalfe Dr. Claire Jarvis & Dr. Jim Nicholson #12;Abstract- The Hull acid rain (HARM) depositional model of Geography) is not permitted. #12;1 INTRODUCTION The Hull acid rain (HARM) Lagrangian receptor depositional, 2002, p1 & 6). Other acid rain models that use the Lagrangian receptor technique such as the original

64

Ways to Help Children Learn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that fail. If you say, ?I?ve told you a thousand times,? try a new method. a73 Set a bad example. If you slap children, that?s what they learn. a73 Offer a choice if there really is not one. a73 Expect children to sit for long periods of time. a73 Ignore... your children. a73 Expect too much. E-134 12-01 Ways to Help Children Learn ...

Warren, Judith L.

2002-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

PEP-X: An Ultimate Storage Ring Based on Fourth-Order Geometric Achromats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have designed an 'ultimate' storage ring for the PEP-X light source that achieves the diffraction limited emittances (at 1.5 {angstrom}) of 12 pm-rad in both horizontal and vertical planes with a 4.5-GeV beam. These emittances include the contribution of intrabeam scattering at a nominal current of 200 mA in 3300 bunches. This quality beam in conjunction with a conventional 4-m undulator in a straight section can generate synchrotron radiation having a spectral brightness above 10{sup 22} [photons/s/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}/0.1% BW] at a 10 keV photon energy. The high coherence at the diffraction limit makes PEP-X competitive with 4th generation light sources based on an energy recovery linac. In addition, the beam lifetime is several hours and the dynamic aperture is large enough to allow off-axis injection. The alignment and stability tolerances, though challenging, are achievable. A ring with all these properties is only possible because of several major advances in mitigating the effects of nonlinear resonances.

Cai, Yunhai; Bane, Karl; Hettel, Robert; Nosochkov, Yuri; Wang, Min-Huey; /SLAC

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

66

Energy Efficienct "the Simplot way"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Don Sturtevant Energy Director May 23, 2013 Energy Efficiency ?the Simplot way? ESL-IE-13-05-27 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 A bit about us? ? One of North America... feeding capacity in the United States. ? Simplot ranching operations are twice size of the State of Delaware. ESL-IE-13-05-27 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Why focus on Energy...

Sturtevant, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

2013 R&D 100 Award: 'SHIELD' protects NIF optics from harmful pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past, it took as long as 12 hours to manually screen 48 critical checkpoints at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for harmful laser pulses. The screening equipment had to be moved from point to point throughout a facility the size of three football fields. Now with a new technology, called Laser SHIELD (Screening at High-throughput to Identify Energetic Laser Distortion), and with the push of a button, the screening can be done in less than one second. Proper screening of pulses is critical for the operation of high-energy lasers to ensure that the laser does not exceed safe operating conditions for optics. The energetic beams of light are so powerful that, when left uncontrolled, they can shatter the extremely valuable glass inside the laser. If a harmful pulse is found, immediate adjustments can be made in order to protect the optics for the facility. Laser SHIELD is a custom-designed high-throughput screening system built from low-cost and commercially available components found in the telecommunications industry. Its all-fiber design makes it amenable to the unique needs of high-energy laser facilities, including routing to intricate pick-off locations, immunity to electromagnetic interference and low-loss transport (up to several kilometers). The technology offers several important benefits for NIF. First, the facility is able to fire more shots in less time-an efficiency that saves the facility millions of dollars each year. Second, high-energy lasers are more flexible to wavelength changes requested by target physicists. Third, by identifying harmful pulses before they damage the laser's optics, the facility potentially saves hundreds of thousands of dollars in maintenance costs each year.

Chou, Jason

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

2013 R&D 100 Award: 'SHIELD' protects NIF optics from harmful pulses  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In the past, it took as long as 12 hours to manually screen 48 critical checkpoints at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for harmful laser pulses. The screening equipment had to be moved from point to point throughout a facility the size of three football fields. Now with a new technology, called Laser SHIELD (Screening at High-throughput to Identify Energetic Laser Distortion), and with the push of a button, the screening can be done in less than one second. Proper screening of pulses is critical for the operation of high-energy lasers to ensure that the laser does not exceed safe operating conditions for optics. The energetic beams of light are so powerful that, when left uncontrolled, they can shatter the extremely valuable glass inside the laser. If a harmful pulse is found, immediate adjustments can be made in order to protect the optics for the facility. Laser SHIELD is a custom-designed high-throughput screening system built from low-cost and commercially available components found in the telecommunications industry. Its all-fiber design makes it amenable to the unique needs of high-energy laser facilities, including routing to intricate pick-off locations, immunity to electromagnetic interference and low-loss transport (up to several kilometers). The technology offers several important benefits for NIF. First, the facility is able to fire more shots in less time-an efficiency that saves the facility millions of dollars each year. Second, high-energy lasers are more flexible to wavelength changes requested by target physicists. Third, by identifying harmful pulses before they damage the laser's optics, the facility potentially saves hundreds of thousands of dollars in maintenance costs each year.

Chou, Jason

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

69

Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

'Novel' Financing Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential for 'Novel' Financing Models...

70

Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www.scienceomega.com2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www that the large-scale production of biofuels in4 Europe could result in increased human mortality and crop losses that many biofuel plant species, including poplar and willow, release more isoprene ­ an6 ozone precursor

South Bohemia, University of

71

"Real-Time Coastal Observing Systems for Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms" Resubmitted 4 March 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Initiation and Prediction in Large European Marine Ecosystems (HABILE) in the North Sea, Fisheries & Oceans"Real-Time Coastal Observing Systems for Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms" Resubmitted 4 ________________________________________________________________________ X.1 Introduction X X.2 Processes in the coastal ocean X X.2.1 Physical processes X X.2.2 Biological

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

72

Choose the most appropriate answer 1. A The predicted increase in global population will be particularly harmful in Africa where  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be particularly harmful in Africa where lack of food and water is already a serious problem. B-40 years Western countries have changed old programs such as sex education, abortion and the role of women. A Conservative politicians don't want to interfere with individual free choice. Certain religions forbid abortion

Romeo, Alessandro

73

Guidance Document Fume hoods are used when handling toxic or hazardous chemicals. Harmful gases, vapors and fumes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guidance Document FumeHoods Fume hoods are used when handling toxic or hazardous chemicals. Harmful the maximum safe mark (provided by Facilities Management during annual test) Use secondary containment (a hood without permission from EHS. Call EHS or Facilities Management if a hood is not functioning

74

Latina Administrators' Ways of Leadership: Preparando Chicanas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

administrators about ways to recruit and increase the pipeline of Latinas prepared to assume administrative positions within higher education, particularly in student affairs. A naturalistic inquiry research method was employed utilizing both a feminist...

Lopez, Michelle Marie

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

75

Gas Companies Right-of-Way (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Corporations engaged in the business of transmitting or supplying natural gas, artificial gas, or a mixture of natural and artificial gases may acquire by condemnation the rights-of-way or...

76

MEASURING THE ULTIMATE HALO MASS OF GALAXY CLUSTERS: REDSHIFTS AND MASS PROFILES FROM THE HECTOSPEC CLUSTER SURVEY (HeCS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The infall regions of galaxy clusters represent the largest gravitationally bound structures in a {Lambda}CDM universe. Measuring cluster mass profiles into the infall regions provides an estimate of the ultimate mass of these halos. We use the caustic technique to measure cluster mass profiles from galaxy redshifts obtained with the Hectospec Cluster Survey (HeCS), an extensive spectroscopic survey of galaxy clusters with MMT/Hectospec. We survey 58 clusters selected by X-ray flux at 0.1 < z < 0.3. The survey includes 22,680 unique MMT/Hectospec redshifts for individual galaxies; 10,145 of these galaxies are cluster members. For each cluster, we acquired high signal-to-noise spectra for {approx}200 cluster members and a comparable number of foreground/background galaxies. The cluster members trace out infall patterns around the clusters. The members define a very narrow red sequence. We demonstrate that the determination of velocity dispersion is insensitive to the inclusion of bluer members (a small fraction of the cluster population). We apply the caustic technique to define membership and estimate the mass profiles to large radii. The ultimate halo mass of clusters (the mass that remains bound in the far future of a {Lambda}CDM universe) is on average (1.99 {+-} 0.11)M{sub 200}, a new observational cosmological test in essential agreement with simulations. Summed profiles binned in M{sub 200} and in L{sub X} demonstrate that the predicted Navarro-Frenk-White form of the density profile is a remarkably good representation of the data in agreement with weak lensing results extending to large radius. The concentration of these summed profiles is also consistent with theoretical predictions.

Rines, Kenneth [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225 (United States); Geller, Margaret J.; Kurtz, Michael J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Diaferio, Antonaldo, E-mail: kenneth.rines@wwu.edu, E-mail: diaferio@ph.unito.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Torino, Torino (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Torino, Torino (Italy)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

77

Management of Ultimate Risk of Nuclear Power Plants by Source Terms - Lessons Learned from the Chernobyl Accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The term 'ultimate risk' is used here to describe the probabilities and radiological consequences that should be incorporated in siting, containment design and accident management of nuclear power plants for hypothetical accidents. It is closely related with the source terms specified in siting criteria which assures an adequate separation of radioactive inventories of the plants from the public, in the event of a hypothetical and severe accident situation. The author would like to point out that current source terms which are based on the information from the Windscale accident (1957) through TID-14844 are very outdated and do not incorporate lessons learned from either the Three Miles Island (TMI, 1979) nor Chernobyl accident (1986), two of the most severe accidents ever experienced. As a result of the observations of benign radionuclides released at TMI, the technical community in the US felt that a more realistic evaluation of severe reactor accident source terms was necessary. In this background, the 'source term research project' was organized in 1984 to respond to these challenges. Unfortunately, soon after the time of the final report from this project was released, the Chernobyl accident occurred. Due to the enormous consequences induced by then accident, the one time optimistic perspectives in establishing a more realistic source term were completely shattered. The Chernobyl accident, with its human death toll and dispersion of a large part of the fission fragments inventories into the environment, created a significant degradation in the public's acceptance of nuclear energy throughout the world. In spite of this, nuclear communities have been prudent in responding to the public's anxiety towards the ultimate safety of nuclear plants, since there still remained many unknown points revolving around the mechanism of the Chernobyl accident. In order to resolve some of these mysteries, the author has performed a scoping study of the dispersion and deposition mechanisms of fuel particles and fission fragments during the initial phase of the Chernobyl accident. Through this study, it is now possible to generally reconstruct the radiological consequences by using a dispersion calculation technique, combined with the meteorological data at the time of the accident and land contamination densities of {sup 137}Cs measured and reported around the Chernobyl area. Although it is challenging to incorporate lessons learned from the Chernobyl accident into the source term issues, the author has already developed an example of safety goals by incorporating the radiological consequences of the accident. The example provides safety goals by specifying source term releases in a graded approach in combination with probabilities, i.e. risks. The author believes that the future source term specification should be directly linked with safety goals. (author)

Genn Saji [Ex-Secretariate of Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan (Japan)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Program in Computer Science 151 Engineer's Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program in Computer Science 151 Engineer's Way University of Virginia PO Box 400740 Charlottesville, VA 22904-4740 (434) 982-2394 www.cs.virginia.edu/ba Overview Computer Science is the study and efficiently in hardware and software. The Computer Science curriculum concentrates on developing the deep

Whittle, Mark

79

Estelli Ramos, MSW 859 Vista Palma Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estelli Ramos, MSW 859 Vista Palma Way Orlando, FL 32825 (407) 924-6918 University of Central Experience: 2006 - Present University of Central Florida Full Time Instructor MSW Program Coordinator MSW Course Taught: Social Welfare Policy and Services Human Behavior in the Social Environment Social

Wu, Shin-Tson

80

US EPA SmartWay Transport Partnership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Way Partner Results 2, 700 Partners Most of the top 100 carriers in the US (700,000 trucks) All the Class 1 railroads; several short haul railroads 25% of the Fortune 100 shipper partners In addition - logistics companies, technology manufacturers, trucks stops, ports, banks, vehicle and equipment dealer

Minnesota, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Science & Technology Highlights ZEBRAlliance Campaign Under Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as the ClimateMasterTM ground-source integrated heat pump, a single unit in lieu of separate heating and cooling is learned. The initial projects are residential and involve find- ing affordable ways to build or retrofit energy, shaving peak cooling· loads by day and passively heating by night, coupled with other envelope

Pennycook, Steve

82

PAVING THE WAY TO A SMARTER WORLD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAVING THE WAY TO A SMARTER WORLD: CREATIVITY IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION SANTOSH KURINEC Department of Microelectronic Engineering Kate Gleason College of Engineering Rochester Institute of Technology WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28 3:00 ­ 4:30 P.M. CAMPUS CENTER ATRIUM Imagination and creativity have long energized technological

Bieber, Michael

83

Calculation of calorific values of coals from ultimate analyses: theoretical basis and geochemical implications. Final report. Part 8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The various formulae for calculating calorific values for coals from ultimate analyses depend essentially on a propositon due to Dulong, that the heat of combustion of an organic compound is nearly equal to the heats of combustion of the elements in it, multiplied by their percentage content in the compound in question. This proposition assumes that the enthalpy of decomposition is negligible compared with the heat of combustion. The various published formulae, such as that due to Mott and Spooner, include empirical adjustments to allow for the fact that the enthalpy of formation or decomposition of no organic compound is zero (except rarely by chance). A new equation is proposed, which excludes empirical correction terms but includes a term explicitly related to the enthalpy of decomposition. As expected from the behavior of known compounds, this enthalpy varies with rank, but it also varies at the same level of rank with the geological history of the sample: rank is not the only source of variance in coal properties. The new equation is at least as effective in predicting calorific values for a set of 992 coals as equivalent equations derived for 6 subsets of the coals. On the whole, the distributions of differences between observed and calculated calorific values are skewed to only a small extent. About 86% of the differences lie between -300 and +300 Btu/lb (+- 700 kJ/kg). 10 references, 7 figures, 4 tables.

Given, P.H.; Weldon, D.; Zoeller, J.H.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel-rules-won-t-r385258.htm 1 of 2 1/16/2008 12:32 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment © AP 2008-01-14 16:21:49 - BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - The European Union promised Monday that its new push to promote biofuels will try to prevent harming

85

Making Up Self Harmers: an investigation of the concept over time and from the perspective of two different self harm groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims to illustrate the processes involves in making up the human kind of self harmers. Psychiatric attempts at defining, explaining, and controlling self harm behaviours are shaped by the people who they diagnose as much as they shape...

Mattingley, Helena

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

86

Building Gauge Theories: The Natural Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of a gauge field theory for elementary particles usually starts by promoting global invariance of the matter action to a local one, this in turn implying the introduction of gauge fields. We present here a procedure that runs the other way: starting from the action for gauge fields, matter is gauge invariantly coupled on the basis of Lorentz invariance and charge conservation. This natural approach prevents using the concept of particles separated from gauge fields that mediate interactions.

C. A. Garcia Canal; F. A. Schaposnik

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

"Skinny Milky Way please", says Sagittarius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that we do not tie the circular speed at the Solar radius to the fitted halo model as this induces a bias at small Galactocentric radii of the order of 10%. c 2014 RAS, MNRAS 000, 116 Skinny Milky Way, says Sagittarius. 3 Figure 1. The formation of a... tidal stream in the energy and angular momentum space. Each of the three panels show snapshots of an N-body simulation in E and L space at different time steps along the progenitors orbit, namely at pericentre (left), between pericentre and apocentre...

Gibbons, S. L. J.; Belokurov, V.; Evans, N. W.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

ULTimateCO2 : A FP7 European Project dedicated to the understanding of the long term fate of geologically stored CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULTimateCO2 : A FP7 European Project dedicated to the understanding of the long term fate of geologically stored CO2 Audigane, P.1 , Brown, S.2 , Dimier A.3 , Frykman P.4 , Gherardi F.5 , Le Gallo Y.6 Recherches Géologiques et minières - France 2 CO2SENSE limited, United Kingdom 3 EIFER, EIFER europaisches

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in Florida DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in...

90

The Milky Way Project: What are Yellowballs?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yellowballs are a collection of approximately 900 compact, infrared sources identified and named by volunteers participating in the Milky Way Project (MWP), a citizen-science project that uses GLIMPSE/MIPSGAL images from Spitzer to explore topics related to Galactic star formation. In this paper, through a combination of catalog cross-matching and infrared color analysis, we show that yellowballs are a mix of compact star-forming regions, including ultra-compact and compact HII regions, as well as analogous regions for less massive B-type stars. The resulting MWP yellowball catalog provides a useful complement to the Red MSX Source (RMS) survey. It similarly highlights regions of massive star formation, but the selection of objects purely on the basis of their infrared morphology and color in Spitzer images identifies a signature of compact star-forming regions shared across a broad range of luminosities, and by inference, masses. We discuss the origin of their striking mid-infrared appearance, and suggest th...

Kerton, C R; Arvidsson, K; Lintott, C J; Simpson, R J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Mass models of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parameterized model of the mass distribution within the Milky Way is fitted to the available observational constraints. The most important single parameter is the ratio of the scale length R_d* of the stellar disk to R0. The disk and bulge dominate v_c(R) at R> R0. For example, changing the disk slightly from an exponential surface-density profile significantly changes the form of v_c(R) at R >> R0, where the disk makes a negligible contribution to v_c. Moreover, minor changes in the constraints can cause the halo to develop a deep hole at its centre that is not physically plausible. These problems call into question the proposition that flat rotation curves arise because galaxies have physically distinct halos rather than outwards-increasing mass-to-light ratios. The mass distribution of the Galaxy and the relative importance of its various components will remain very uncertain until more observational data can be used to constrain mass models. Data that constrain the Galactic force field at z > R and at R > R0 are especially important.

Walter Dehnen; James Binney

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

92

Components of the Milky Way and GAIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The GAIA mission will produce an extraordinary database from which we should be able to deduce not only the Galaxy's current structure, but also much of its history, and thus cast a powerful light on the way in which galaxies in general are made up of components, and of how these formed. The database can be fully exploited only by fitting to it a sophisticated model of the entire Galaxy. Steady-state models are of fundamental importance even though the Galaxy cannot be in a steady state. A very elaborate model of the Galaxy will be required to reproduce the great wealth of detail that GAIA will reveal. A systematic approach to model-building will be required if such a model is to be successfully constructed, however. The natural strategy is to proceed through a series of models of ever increasing elaborateness, and to be guided in the specification of the next model by mismatches between the data and the current model. An approach to the dynamics of systems with steady gravitational potentials that we call the `torus programme' promises to provide an appropriate framework within which to carry out the proposed modelling programme. The basic principles of this approach have been worked out in some detail and are summarized here. Some extensions will be required before the GAIA database can be successfully confronted. Other modelling techniques that might be employed are briefly examined.

James Binney

2001-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

93

Dynamical Models for the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The only way to map the Galaxy's gravitational potential $\\Phi({\\bf x})$ and the distribution of matter that produces it is by modelling the dynamics of stars and gas. Observations of the kinematics of gas provide key information about gradients of $\\Phi$ within the plane, but little information about the structure of $\\Phi$ out of the plane. Traditional Galaxy models {\\em assume}, for each of the Galaxy's components, arbitrary flattenings, which together with the components' relative masses yield the model's equipotentials. However, the Galaxy's isopotential surfaces should be {\\em determined\\/} directly from the motions of stars that move far from the plane. Moreover, from the kinematics of samples of such stars that have well defined selection criteria, one should be able not only to map $\\Phi$ at all positions, but to determine the distribution function $f_i({\\bf x},{\\bf v})$ of each stellar population $i$ studied. These distribution functions will contain a wealth of information relevant to the formation and evolution of the Galaxy. An approach to fitting a wide class of dynamical models to the very heterogeneous body of available data is described and illustrated.

Walter Dehnen; James Binney

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

94

UF{sub 6} tiedowns for truck transport - right way/wrong way  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tiedown systems for truck transport of UF{sub 6} must be defined and controlled to assure the least risk for hauling the material over the highways. This paper and an associated poster display will present the current status of regulatory criteria for tiedowns, analyze the structural stresses involved in tiedowns for two major UF{sub 6} packaging systems, the 21PF series of overpacks and the 48 in. diameter shipping cylinders, and will present photographs showing some {open_quote}right ways{close_quotes} and some {open_quotes}wrong (or risky) ways{close_quotes} currently used for tiedown systems. Risky tiedown methods must be replaced with safer less risky methods to insure the safe transport of UF{sub 6}.

Stout, F.W. Jr. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters August 18,...

96

Energy Department and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways to Lower Energy Costs Energy Department and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways to Lower Energy Costs June 10, 2014 - 3:08pm...

97

Effective Ways for Tribal Governments to Work with Utilities...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Effective Ways for Tribal Governments to Work with Utilities Effective Ways for Tribal Governments to Work with Utilities September 30, 2015 11:00AM to 12:30PM MDT Tribal utility...

98

Montana - Application for Right of Way Easement for Utilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Right of Way Easement for Utilities Through State Lands Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library General: Montana - Application for Right of Way Easement...

99

Ultraviolet-B Radiation Harms Aquatic Life -Current Results http://www.currentresults.com/Water/Water-Pollution/ultraviolet.php 1 of 2 8/7/2007 1:45 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultraviolet-B Radiation Harms Aquatic Life - Current Results http://www.currentresults.com/Water/Water-Pollution Water E Coli UVB Sunscreen #12;Ultraviolet-B Radiation Harms Aquatic Life - Current Results http://www.currentresults.com/Water/Water-Pollution/ultraviolet.php 2 of 2 8/7/2007 1:45 PM Home | About | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Advertise on This Site

Blaustein, Andrew R.

100

Multipartite distribution property of one way discord beyond measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the distribution property of one way discord in multipartite system by introducing the concept of polygamy deficit for one way discord. The difference between one way discord and quantum discord is analogue to the difference between entanglement of assistance and entanglement of formation. For tripartite pure states, two kinds of polygamy deficits are presented with the equivalent expressions and physical interpretations regardless of measurement. For four-partite pure states, we provide a condition which makes one way discord polygamy being satisfied. Those results can be applicable to multipartite quantum systems and are complementary to our understanding of the shareability of quantum correlations.

Si-Yuan Liu; Yu-Ran Zhang; Wen-Li Yang; Heng Fan

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Researchers hope better catalysts lead to better ways of converting...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Researchers hope better catalysts lead to better ways of converting biomass to fuel By Jared Sagoff * August 7, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Scientists and entrepreneurs...

102

Growing More Effective Ways to Measure Climate Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growing More Effective Ways to Measure Climate Change For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research Highlight...

103

NREL: Transportation Research - Innovative Way to Test Batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovative Way to Test Batteries Fills a Market Niche A square piece of machinery with a lid that opens upwards NETZSCH's Isothermal Battery Calorimeter (IBC 284), developed by...

104

Changing the Way Engineers Think |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the way engineers think about designing and testing parts. New technologies, such as additive manufacturing, where metal parts are built up from powder fused together bit by...

105

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Ways to Minimize Water Usage...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ways to Minimize Water Usage in Engineered Geothermal Systems Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About...

106

Help to find the way March 20, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Help to find the way March 20, 2008 SHAUNA REMPEL TORONTO STAR Name: Mike Wu. Age: 28. Program: Ph. The project: Wu works with amnesia patients at Toronto's Baycrest medical centre to find ways they can trigger. "They just won't remember how they learned to use the device," Wu says. #12;Deep Thoughts looks

Toronto, University of

107

Entanglement purification with two-way classical communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an improved protocol for entanglement purification of bipartite mixed states. The protocol requires two-way classical communication and hence implies an improved lower bound on the quantum capacity with two-way classical communication of the quantum depolarizing channel.

Alan W. Leung; Peter W. Shor

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy Cooperation in Energy Harvesting Two-Way Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Cooperation in Energy Harvesting Two-Way Communications Berk Gurakan1 , Omur Ozel1 , Jing energy from nature and energy can be transferred in one-way from one of the users to the other. Energy and users have unlimited batteries to store energy for future use. In addition, there is a separate wireless

Ulukus, Sennur

109

Maps from the Milky Way to the Hallway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maps from the Milky Way to the Hallway Randall H. Landsberg Robert B. Friedman Reid Sherman Sunday the Needs of the Digital Student Session title: Maps from the Milky Way to the Hallway Description: Test by: By using mapping as a unifying concept that explores models, measurement, & technology; and map

Collar, Juan I.

110

One-Way Deficit of Two Qubit X States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum deficit originates in questions regarding work extraction from quantum systems coupled to a heat bath [Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 180402 (2002)]. It links quantum correlations with quantum thermodynamics and provides a new standpoint for understanding quantum non-locality. In this paper, we propose a new method to evaluate the one-way deficit for a class of two-qubit states. The dynamic behavior of the one-way deficit under decoherence channel is investigated and it is shown that the one-way deficit of the X states with five parameters is more robust against the decoherence than the entanglement.

Yao-Kun Wang; Naihuan Jing; Shao-Ming Fei; Zhi-Xi Wang; Jun-Peng Cao; Heng Fan

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

111

Two-way Immersion Bilingual Programs in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was able to identify 63 two-way programs in 32 school districts in Texas for the 2000-2001 academic year. Reported from our current 2002 study are the baseline data that lay the groundwork for more comprehensive evaluations of two-way (dual language...) programs in Texas. The Texas Two-Way Consortium and the Bilingual Program at Texas A&M University sponsored an online survey to identify all the TWI programs in Texas in the 2001-2002 school year (http://texastwoway.org). The primary purpose of our...

Galloway, Martha; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Rodriguez, Linda; Gomez, Leo

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

112

Ashland Electric Utility- Bright Way to Heat Water Loan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The City of Ashland Conservation Division offers a solar water heating program to residential electric customers who currently use an electric water heater. Under "The Bright Way to Heat Water...

113

Ashland Electric Utility- Bright Way to Heat Water Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The City of Ashland Conservation Division offers a solar water heating program to its residential electric customers who currently use an electric water heater. Under "The Bright Way to Heat Water...

114

Right-of-Way for Carrier Facilities (South Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation establishes right-of-way for carrier pipelines, as well as restrictions on the width of lands used for pipeline facilities. This legislation also applies to electricity...

115

Power Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute describes procedures for power districts (utilities, corporations, or municipalities that engage in the generation or transmission of electricity) to obtain a right-of-way for the...

116

Universitt Wien European Studies Vienna Romania's Way into the EU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Universität Wien European Studies Vienna Romania's Way into the EU Author: Liana Müller Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Peter Fischer Index terms Romania, European Union, Enlargement, Accession, Acquis............................................................................. 8 3 EU ­ Romania relations

Müller, Ralf R.

117

All United Way Raffle Winners Identified, Pledge Forms Due Monday...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Division, winners of the iPad minis, and to Todd Coates, IT Division, on winning the Apple iPad. Please remember: All United Way pledge forms should be submitted to Josh Cameron...

118

The Way Forward Felisa A. Smith and S. Kathleen Lyons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conclusion The Way Forward Felisa A. Smith and S. Kathleen Lyons Anumber of common themes run and highlight the strong selection imposed by the environ- ment (Smith et al. 1995; Smith and Bet

Smith, Felisa A.

119

1. INTRODUCTION Smith (1979) reviewed the basic ways in which  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. INTRODUCTION Smith (1979) reviewed the basic ways in which upslope flow can affect precipitation is by how closely it achieves Smith's sim- plified model. One of the factors identified by Smith (1979

Houze Jr., Robert A.

120

Improved technique for one-way transformation of information  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus are provided for one-way transformation of data according to multiplication and/or exponentiation modulo a prime number. An implementation of the invention permits the one way residue transformation, useful in encryption and similar applications, to be implemented by n-bit computers substantially with no increase in difficulty or complexity over a natural transformation thereby, using a modulus which is a power of two. 9 figs.

Cooper, J.A.

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ASSESSING AND FORECASTING, BY PLAY, NATURAL GAS ULTIMATE RECOVERY GROWTH AND QUANTIFYING THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE TEXAS GULF COAST BASIN AND EAST TEXAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed natural gas ultimate recovery growth (URG) analysis of the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas has been undertaken. The key to such analysis was determined to be the disaggregation of the resource base to the play level. A play is defined as a conceptual geologic unit having one or more reservoirs that can be genetically related on the basis of depositional origin of the reservoir, structural or trap style, source rocks and hydrocarbon generation, migration mechanism, seals for entrapment, and type of hydrocarbon produced. Plays are the geologically homogeneous subdivision of the universe of petroleum pools within a basin. Therefore, individual plays have unique geological features that can be used as a conceptual model that incorporates geologic processes and depositional environments to explain the distribution of petroleum. Play disaggregation revealed important URG trends for the major natural gas fields in the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas. Although significant growth and future potential were observed for the major fields, important URG trends were masked by total, aggregated analysis based on a broad geological province. When disaggregated by plays, significant growth and future potential were displayed for plays that were associated with relatively recently discovered fields, deeper reservoir depths, high structural complexities due to fault compartmentalization, reservoirs designated as tight gas/low-permeability, and high initial reservoir pressures. Continued technology applications and advancements are crucial in achieving URG potential in these plays.

William L. Fisher; Eugene M. Kim

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

USING CABLE SUSPENDED SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS TO REDUCE PRODUCTION COSTS TO INCREASE ULTIMATE RECOVERY IN THE RED MOUNTAIN FIELD OF THE SAN JUAN BASIN REGION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses: (1) being able to resume marginal oil production operations in the Red Mountain Oil Field, located in McKinley County, New Mexico by installing a cable suspended electric submersible pumping system (HDESP); (2) determining if this system can reduce life costs making it a more cost effective production system for similar oil fields within the region, and if warranted, drill additional wells to improve the economics. In April 2003, a cooperative 50% cost share agreement between Enerdyne and the DOE was executed to investigate the feasibility of using cable suspended electric submersible pumps to reduce the life costs and increase the ultimate oil recovery of the Red Mountain Oil Field, located on the Chaco Slope of the San Juan Basin, New Mexico. The field was discovered in 1934 and has produced approximately 55,650 cubic meters (m{sup 3}), (350,000 barrels, 42 gallons) of oil. Prior to April 2003, the field was producing only a few cubic meters of oil each month; however, the reservoir characteristics suggest that the field retains ample oil to be economic. This field is unique, in that, the oil accumulations, above fresh water, occur at depths from 88-305 meters, (290 feet to 1000 feet), and serves as a relatively good test area for this experiment.

Don L. Hanosh

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Steam turbine: Alternative emergency drive for the secure removal of residual heat from the core of light water reactors in ultimate emergency situation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2011 the nuclear power generation has suffered an extreme probation. That could be the meaning of what happened in Fukushima Nuclear Power Plants. In those plants, an earthquake of 8.9 on the Richter scale was recorded. The quake intensity was above the trip point of shutting down the plants. Since heat still continued to be generated, the procedure to cooling the reactor was started. One hour after the earthquake, a tsunami rocked the Fukushima shore, degrading all cooling system of plants. Since the earthquake time, the plant had lost external electricity, impacting the pumping working, drive by electric engine. When operable, the BWR plants responded the management of steam. However, the lack of electricity had degraded the plant maneuvers. In this paper we have presented a scheme to use the steam as an alternative drive to maintain operable the cooling system of nuclear power plant. This scheme adds more reliability and robustness to the cooling systems. Additionally, we purposed a solution to the cooling in case of lacking water for the condenser system. In our approach, steam driven turbines substitute electric engines in the ultimate emergency cooling system. (authors)

Souza Dos Santos, R. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear CNEN/IEN, Cidade Universitaria, Rua Helio de Almeida, 75 - Ilha do Fundiao, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Reatores Nucleares Inovadores / CNPq (Brazil)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Easier way to calculate E fields Equivalent to Coulomb's law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lines enter as leave closed surface the net is zero = ·= dAE AdE cos rr #12;Flux Calculate fluxGauss' Law Easier way to calculate E fields ­ Gauss' Law Equivalent to Coulomb's law Use ·= AE rr Let A become small so flux becomes integral over Gaussian surface Flux is proportional to net

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

125

Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle that will change the way water cleans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

saving on our most important resources, water and energy." In recognition of their invention, ProfessorRevolutionary ultrasonic nozzle that will change the way water cleans ScienceDaily (Nov. 9, 2011 attachment for taps, which massively enhances the ability of water to clean. Currently, industry uses

Sóbester, András

126

Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle that will change the way water cleans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources, water and energy." In recognition of their invention, Professor Leighton and Dr Birkin were todayRevolutionary ultrasonic nozzle that will change the way water cleans This is Professor Leighton, which massively enhances the ability of water to clean. Currently, industry uses excessive water, power

Sóbester, András

127

"Bone Softening," a Practical Way to Utilize Small Fish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Even in Japan, where per-capita fish consumption is about 5 times that of the United States, small tons in 1986) is used primarily for fish meal rather than for direct human consumption. Looking for ways to increase direct consumption of sar dines and other small fishes, Japanese researchers

128

Research and Innovation Leading the way to a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the secrets of the Sun's energy 38 9 25 #12;1 Social and Cultural Sustainability EDUCATION FOR AN INCLUSIVE Soil microbial diversity, composting and enrichment 17 SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES From energyResearch and Innovation Leading the way to a SUSTAINABLE FUTURE #12;Contents Message from the Vice

Waikato, University of

129

Private Information Retrieval Does Not Imply One-way Permutations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3 PIR Does Not Imply One-way Permutations 11 3.1 2-pass PIR Using the Oracle in theoretical computer science. The notion of security is now well defined in terms of information theory and of complexity theory. Modern cryptography focuses mostly on the latter. That is, the security of a protocol

Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

130

Eat your way to better health Quality health plans & benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eat your way to better health Quality health plans & benefits Healthier living Financial well-being Intelligent solutions Good food is the key to good health If we ate a variety of healthy foods and didn't eat oils. Or those found in olive, canola and peanut oils. They can help improve your health when you use

Acton, Scott

131

4, 39754018, 2004 TM5: a two-way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 4, 3975­4018, 2004 TM5: a two-way nested zoom model M. Krol et al. Title Page Abstract. Dentener5 , and P. Bergamaschi5 1 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, The Netherlands 2 Space Research Organisation Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands 3 Royal Netherlands Meteorological

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

132

Ecosystem-Service Science and the Way Forward for Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and enjoying traction in places where ethical argu- ments for biodiversity conservation are given short shriftEditorial Ecosystem-Service Science and the Way Forward for Conservation Conservation biology began life as a crisis discipline, its central tenet to understand and help reverse losses of biodiversity

Vermont, University of

133

Reducing bicycle crime Bicycles provide a great way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing bicycle crime C rim e reduction advice #12;Bicycles provide a great way of getting out, you will lessen your chances of becoming a victim of bicycle crime. Security measures · Register your bicycle at www.immobilise.com or www.bikeregister.com so if the worst happens and your bike is stolen

Royal Holloway, University of London

134

When the going gets tough, species start merging. Lake-dwelling fish species that once lived separately began interbreeding when pollution forced them together. Ultimately most of the lakes'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

separately began interbreeding when pollution forced them together. Ultimately most of the lakes' remarkable favouring the lake bottom and others the surface layers. That all changed when the lakes became polluted and rivers, are most at risk. Journal reference: Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature10824 ADVERTISEMENT Home | Life

135

AutoAuto--tuned nested parallelism: a way totuned nested parallelism: a way to reduce the execution time of scientificreduce the execution time of scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AutoAuto--tuned nested parallelism: a way totuned nested parallelism: a way to reduce the execution problems AutoAuto--tuned nested parallelism: a way to reduce the execution time of scientific software in NUMA systemstuned nested parallelism: a way to reduce the execution time of scientific software in NUMA

Giménez, Domingo

136

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases are disclosed. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress. 8 figs.

Johnson, A.D.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

137

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress.

Johnson, Alfred D. (5383 Bancroft Ave., Oakland, CA 94601)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

One-way Ponderomotive Barrier in a Uniform Magnetic Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of an asymmetric ponderomotive barrier in a nonuniform dc magnetic field by high-frequency radiation near the cyclotron resonance for selected plasma species was contemplated in Physics of Plasmas 11 (November 2004) 5046-5064. Here we show that a similar one-way barrier, which reflects particles incident from one side while transmitting those incident from the opposite side, can be produced also in a uniform magnetic field, entirely due to inhomogeneity of high-frequency drive.

I.Y. Dodin; N.J. Fisch

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

139

Post-accident two-way communications and electronic tracking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MSHA addresses acceptable alternatives to wireless communications. In December 2008 they issued a draft program policy letter (PPL) that provided mine operators guidance in implementing two-way communication alternatives which include infrastructure underground to provide un-tethered communications with miners. The article was adapted from the December 2008 MSHA PPL on Communications & Tracking. The entire PPL may be accessed at http://www.msha.gov. 3 tabs.

NONE

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Different Ways of Thinking about Street Networks and Spatial Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Street networks, as one of the oldest infrastructures of transport in the world, play a significant role in modernization, sustainable development, and human daily activities in both ancient and modern times. Although street networks have been well studied in a variety of engineering and scientific disciplines, including for instance transport, geography, urban planning, economics, and even physics, our understanding of street networks in terms of their structure and dynamics remains limited, especially when dealing with such real-world problems as traffic jams, pollution, and human evacuations for disaster management. One goal of this special issue is to promote different ways of thinking about understanding street networks, and of conducting spatial analysis.

Jiang, Bin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Contrasting copper evolution in Omega Centauri and the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the many studies on stellar nucleosynthesis published so far, the scenario for the production of Cu in stars remains elusive. In particular, it is still debated whether copper originates mostly in massive stars or type Ia supernovae. To answer this question, we compute self-consistent chemical evolution models taking into account the results of updated stellar nucleosynthesis. By contrasting copper evolution in Omega Cen and the Milky Way, we end up with a picture where massive stars are the major responsible for the production of Cu in Omega Cen as well as the Galactic disc.

Donatella Romano; Francesca Matteucci

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

142

Before the House Ways and Means Committee | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment of EnergyScience, Space and Technology |byVeteransWays

143

Seven Ways to Optimize Your Process Heat System  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage » SearchEnergyDepartment of EnergyLight-Duty Diesel InDOE forSeven Ways to

144

Federal Way, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California: Energy Resources44795°,FauquierGrantWashington: EnergyWay, WA)

145

The outer rotation curve of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A straightforward determination of the circular-speed curve vc(R) of the Milky Way suggests that near the Sun, vc starts to rise approximately linearly with R. If this result were correct, the Galactic mass density would have to be independent of radius at R ~> R0. We show that the apparent linear rise in v_c arises naturally if the true circular-speed curve is about constant or gently falling at R0 1.25 R0 are actually concentrated into a ring of radius ~1.6 R0.

James Binney; Walter Dehnen

1996-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Pair of Bootes: A New Milky Way Satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As part of preparations for a southern sky search for faint Milky Way dwarf galaxy satellites, we report the discovery of a stellar overdensity in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5, lying at an angular distance of only 1.5 degrees from the recently discovered Bo{\\"o}tes dwarf. The overdensity was detected well above statistical noise by employing a sophisticated data mining algorithm and does not correspond to any catalogued object. Overlaid isochrones using stellar population synthesis models show that the color-magnitude diagram of that region has the signature of an old (12 Gyr), metal-poor (${\\rm Fe/H}\\approx-2.0$) stellar population at a tentative distance of 60 kpc, evidently the same heliocentric distance as the Bo\\"otes dwarf. We estimate the new object to have a total magnitude of $M_{V}\\sim-3.1\\pm1.1$ mag and a half-light radius of $r_{h}=4'.1\\pm1'.6$ ($72\\pm28$ pc) placing it in an apparent $40Way Satellite, Coma Berenices.

S. M. Walsh; H. Jerjen; B. Willman

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

147

Temporal analysis of social networks using three-way DEDICOM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DEDICOM is an algebraic model for analyzing intrinsically asymmetric relationships, such as the balance of trade among nations or the flow of information among organizations or individuals. It provides information on latent components in the data that can be regarded as ''properties'' or ''aspects'' of the objects, and it finds a few patterns that can be combined to describe many relationships among these components. When we apply this technique to adjacency matrices arising from directed graphs, we obtain a smaller graph that gives an idealized description of its patterns. Three-way DEDICOM is a higher-order extension of the model that has certain uniqueness properties. It allows for a third mode of the data, such as time, and permits the analysis of semantic graphs. We present an improved algorithm for computing three-way DEDICOM on sparse data and demonstrate it by applying it to the adjacency tensor of a semantic graph with time-labeled edges. Our application uses the Enron email corpus, from which we construct a semantic graph corresponding to email exchanges among Enron personnel over a series of 44 months. Meaningful patterns are recovered in which the representation of asymmetries adds insight into the social networks at Enron.

Bader, Brett William; Harshman, Richard A. (University of Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada); Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Writing a way home : Cherokee narratives of critical and ethical nationhood.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Writing a Way Home examines ways that Cherokees in the latter half of the 20th century who have been marginalized through the privileging of state (more)

Russell, Bryan Edward

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

9/2/08 9:42 AMRice professor: Granite countertops may cause you harm | Chron.com -Houston Chronicle Page 1 of 3http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/moms/5908630.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/2/08 9:42 AMRice professor: Granite countertops may cause you harm | Chron.com - Houston Be wary of granite that glows Rice professor says countertops may be tainted with uranium By ALLAN TURNER. Some granite countertops, he says, contain high levels of uranium, which, by generating gamma radiation

Llope, William J.

150

How many ways to seat 3 people at a round table? How many ways are there to seat three people at a round table? Sounds like a perfectly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How many ways to seat 3 people at a round table? A B C ? = C A B How many ways are there to seat three people at a round table? Sounds like a perfectly unambiguous question, but the answer is: "it: There are 3! = 6 different ways of placing these three people in three distinct chairs. However, it we decide

Schmuland, Byron

151

A Faint New Milky Way Satellite in Bootes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Letter, we announce the discovery of a new satellite of the Milky Way in the constellation of Bootes at a distance of 60 kpc. It was found in a systematic search for stellar overdensities in the North Galactic Cap using Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 (SDSS DR5). The color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined turn-off, red giant branch, and extended horizontal branch. Its absolute magnitude is -5.8, which makes it one of the faintest galaxies known. The half-light radius is 220 pc. The isodensity contours are elongated and have an irregular shape, suggesting that Boo may be a disrupted dwarf spheroidal galaxy.

V. Belokurov; D. B. Zucker; N. W. Evans; M. I. Wilkinson; M. J. Irwin; S. Hodgkin; D. M. Bramich; J. M. Irwin; G. Gilmore; B. Willman; S. Vidrih; H. J. Newberg; R. F. G. Wyse; M. Fellhauer; P. C. Hewett; N. Cole; E. F. Bell; T. C. Beers; C. M. Rockosi; B. Yanny; E. K. Grebel; D. P. Schneider; R. Lupton; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; J. A. Smith; S. A. Snedden

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

152

The Problem How many ways are there to pick a committee of three from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? A Simpler Problem How many ways to line up three of those people in order? #12;The Problem How many ways three of those people in order? #12;The Problem How many ways are there to pick a committee of three from persons A, B, C, D, and E? A Simpler Problem How many ways to line up three of those people

Anderson, Douglas R.

153

Growth of Nanoscale Nickel Ferrite on Carbonaceous Matrix- A Novel Method of Turning Harmful Particulates into a Functional Nanocomposite: An XAFS Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particulate matter (PM) emission from residual oil combustion typically consists of carbonaceous material accompanied by inorganic matter notably transition metal sulfates. Often a minor sulfide form is found in the coarse fraction while an oxide form is more common in the fine and ultrafine fractions. A composite comprising of nanoscale nickel ferrite dispersed on carbonaceous matrix has been obtained following liberation of metal sulfates from the fine PM - a novel method of turning harmful particulates into a functional nanocomposite without the need for elaborate preparation using expensive precursors. The nickel ferrite content in the composite varies with the Fe/Ni ratio in particulate, fuel type, and combustion condition. Such variation may lead to the composite exhibiting diverse physical behaviors. Detailed structure and cation distribution in dispersed ferrite have been studied using Fe and Ni K-edges XAFS spectroscopy. Peaks are identified in the radial structure function with specific atom pair correlations within the spinel ferrite from which the relative occupancy of the cations in the octahedral and tetrahedral sites can be discerned. The results show that Ni(II) has strong preference for the octahedral site, while Fe(III) prefers both sites which is consistent with that of an inverted spinel ferrite.

Pattanaik, S.; Huggins, F; Huffman, G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

MAPPING THE X-SHAPED MILKY WAY BULGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyzed the distribution of the red clump (RC) stars throughout the Galactic bulge using Two Micron All Sky Survey data. We mapped the position of the RC in 1 deg{sup 2} fields within the area |l| {<=} 8.{sup 0}5 and 3.{sup 0}5 {<=} |b| {<=} 8.{sup 0}5, for a total of 170 deg{sup 2}. The single RC seen in the central area splits into two components at high Galactic longitudes in both hemispheres, produced by two structures at different distances along the same line of sight. The X-shape is clearly visible in the Z-X plane for longitudes close to the l = 0{sup 0} axis. Crude measurements of the space densities of RC stars in the bright and faint RC populations are consistent with the adopted RC distances, providing further supporting evidence that the X-structure is real, and that there is approximate front-back symmetry in our bulge fields. We conclude that the Milky Way bulge has an X-shaped structure within |l| {approx}< 2{sup 0}, seen almost edge-on with respect to the line of sight. Additional deep near-infrared photometry extending into the innermost bulge regions combined with spectroscopic data is needed in order to discriminate among the different possibilities that can cause the observed X-shaped structure.

Saito, R. K.; Zoccali, M.; Minniti, D. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago 22 (Chile); McWilliam, A. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, Pasadena, CA 91101-1292 (United States); Gonzalez, O. A. [European Southern Observatory, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Hill, V., E-mail: rsaito@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: mzoccali@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: dante@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: andy@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: ogonzale@eso.org, E-mail: vanessa.hill@oca.eu [Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, B.P. 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Substructure in the Globular Cluster System of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The kinematical and spatial properties of the metal-rich globular clusters in the Galaxy ([Fe/H] > -0.8) indicates that these objects do not comprise a homogeneous population. Three subsystems are identified. The highest-mass clusters exhibit a very slow net rotation with a speed of v_rot = 24 km/s and v_rot/sigma = 0.3, indicative of a centrally condensed, spheroidal subsystem. Roughly half of the lower-mass clusters appear to be located in an elongated bar-like structure which passes through the Galactic Center, and has similar properties to the central stellar bar of the Milky Way. The remaining lower-mass clusters exhibit very rapid net rotation, with a rotation speed of v_rot = 164 km/s and v_rot/sigma = 6. These clusters are located in the Galactic plane, within a ring of 4 to 6 kpc radial distance from the Galactic Center. The highest-mass clusters may have formed during relatively advanced stages of the dissipative evolution of the inner Galactic halo. The lower-mass bar clusters may be associated with the formation of the Galactic stellar bar or bulge. The lower-mass ring clusters appear to be real disk objects. They may represent a stage in cluster formation that was intermediate between that of the halo globular clusters and the oldest extant open clusters.

A. Burkert; G. Smith

1996-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

156

Shear exfoliation in liquids : a promising way to produce graphene.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My initial project was to install and test a new spectrometer for the solid state physics group. However, due to a delay in the construction of the new photoluminescence laboratory this project had to be abandoned. Graphene is a one atom thick 2D material that presents remarkable physical properties whose applications are very promising. However, the current means of production present several limitations. They are costly in terms of energy consumption and yields are ridiculously low. Thus, to progress from the laboratory to industrial production it will be necessary to find a method to produce large quantities of defect graphene. In April 2014, a paper \\cite{graphene_shear} came out in \\emph{Nature Material} demonstrating that shear exfoliation in liquids would be a scalable way to produce defect-free grahene. The aim of my project was to test this new method by trying to reproduce some of the results published in this article. It involved the setting up of the experiment, the production of samples and fin...

Mougeot, Maxime

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

GAIA: Origin and Evolution of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GAIA is a short-listed candidate for the ESA Cornerstone mission C5, meeting the ESA Survey Committee requirement for an observatory mission, dedicated to astrometry, providing 10 micro-arcsecond accuracy at 15th magnitude. The GAIA mission concept follows the dramatic success of the ESA HIPPARCOS mission, utilising a continuously scanning spacecraft, accurately measuring 1-D coordinates along great circles, in (at least) two simultaneous fields of view, separated by a known angle. These 1-D relative coordinates are later converted to the five astrometric parameters of position and motions in a global analysis. GAIA will provide precise astrometry and multi-colour photometry for all the one billion stars, quasars, and compact galaxies to I=20 on the sky. GAIA will additionally provide the sixth phase-space parameter, radial velocity, from a slitless spectroscopic survey of most stars brighter than about magnitude 17. The technical challenges are considerable, but achievable. The scientific returns are spectacular, with greatest impact in the study of stellar populations and dynamical structure of the galaxies of our Local Group, and in providing the first complete census of the stars and massive planets in the Solar neighbourhood. GAIA will revolutionise our knowledge of the origin and evolution of our Milky Way Galaxy, and of the distribution of planetary systems around other stars.

Gerry Gilmore; Michael Perryman; L Lindegren; F Favata; E Hoeg; M Lattanzi; X Luri; F Mignard; S Roeser; P. T. deZeeuw

1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

158

ON THE HOT GAS CONTENT OF THE MILKY WAY HALO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Milky Way appears to be missing baryons, as the observed mass in stars and gas is well below the cosmic mean. One possibility is that a substantial fraction of the Galaxy's baryons are embedded within an extended, million-degree hot halo, an idea supported indirectly by observations of warm gas clouds in the halo and gas-free dwarf spheroidal satellites. X-ray observations have established that hot gas does exist in our Galaxy beyond the local hot bubble; however, it may be distributed in a hot disk configuration. Moreover, recent investigations into the X-ray constraints have suggested that any Galactic corona must be insignificant. Here we re-examine the observational data, particularly in the X-ray and radio bands, in order to determine whether it is possible for a substantial fraction of the Galaxy's baryons to exist in {approx}10{sup 6} K gas. In agreement with past studies, we find that a baryonically closed halo is clearly ruled out if one assumes that the hot corona is distributed with a cuspy Navarro-Frenk-White profile. However, if the hot corona of the galaxy is in an extended, low-density distribution with a large central core, as expected for an adiabatic gas in hydrostatic equilibrium, then it may contain up to 10{sup 11} M {sub Sun} of material, possibly accounting for all of the missing Galactic baryons. We briefly discuss some potential avenues for discriminating between a massive, extended hot halo and a local hot disk.

Fang, Taotao [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Bullock, James; Boylan-Kolchin, Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The Dark Matter halo of the Milky Way, AD 2013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive the mass model of the Milky Way (MW), crucial for Dark Matter (DM) direct and indirect detection, using recent data and a cored dark matter (DM) halo profile, which is favoured by studies of external galaxies. The method used consists in fitting a spherically symmetric model of the Galaxy with a Burkert DM halo profile to available data: MW terminal velocities in the region inside the solar circle, circular velocity as recently estimated from maser star forming regions at intermediate radii, and velocity dispersions of stellar halo tracers for the outermost Galactic region. The latter are reproduced by integrating the Jeans equation for every modeled mass distribution, and by allowing for different velocity anisotropies for different tracer populations. For comparison we also consider a Navarro-Frenk-White profile. We find that the cored profile is the preferred one, with a shallow central density of ?{sub H} ? 4 10{sup 7}M{sub ?}/kpc{sup 3} and a large core radius R{sub H} ? 10 kpc, as observed in external spirals and in agreement with the mass model underlying the Universal Rotation Curve of spirals. We describe also the derived model uncertainties, which are crucially driven by the poorly constrained velocity dispersion anisotropies of halo tracers. The emerging cored DM distribution has implications for the DM annihilation angular profile, which is much less boosted in the Galactic center direction with respect to the case of the standard ?CDM, NFW profile. Using the derived uncertainties we discuss finally the limitations and prospects to discriminate between cored and cusped DM profile with a possible observed diffuse DM annihilation signal. The present mass model aims to characterize the present-day description of the distribution of matter in our Galaxy, which is needed to frame current crucial issues of Cosmology, Astrophysics and Elementary Particles.

Nesti, Fabrizio [Gran Sasso Science Institute, viale Crispi 7, I-67100 L'Aquila (Italy); Salucci, Paolo, E-mail: nesti@aquila.infn.it, E-mail: salucci@sissa.it [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA/ISAS), Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Motor System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of $700,000 at...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of 700,000 at Chevron Refinery Motor System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of 700,000 at Chevron Refinery Chevron, the largest U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

36 ways to save energy and money - right now! Hawai'i Clean Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

36 ways to save energy and money - right now Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) (Fact Sheet) 36 ways to save energy and money - right now Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative...

162

Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair October 18, 2010 - 6:55pm Addthis The President looks at a model solar...

163

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill October 26, 2009 - 3:49pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Sometimes it...

164

Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract Federal agencies can use the...

165

Enhanced thermal and gas flow performance in a three-way catalytic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

thermal and gas flow performance in a three-way catalytic converter through use of insulation within the ceramic monolith Enhanced thermal and gas flow performance in a three-way...

166

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Research to identify most promising...

167

Robustness of two-way quantum communication protocols against Trojan horse attack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the robustness of two-way quantum communication protocols against Trojan horse attack and introduce a novel attack, delay-photon Trojan horse attack. Moreover, we present a practical way for two-way quantum communication protocols to prevent the eavesdropper from stealing the information transmitted with Trojan horse attacks. It means that two-way quantum communication protocols is also secure in a practical application.

Fu-Guo Deng; Ping Zhou; Xi-Han Li; Chun-Yan Li; Hong-Yu Zhou

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

168

An introduction to one-way quantum computing in distributed architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This review provides a gentle introduction to one-way quantum computing in distributed architectures. One-way quantum computation shows significant promise as a computational model for distributed systems, particularly those architectures which rely on probabilistic entangling operations. We review the theoretical underpinnings of one-way quantum computation and discuss the practical issues related to exploiting the one-way model in distributed architectures.

Earl T. Campbell; Joseph Fitzsimons

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

THE MASSIVE SATELLITE POPULATION OF MILKY-WAY-SIZED GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several occupational distributions for satellite galaxies more massive than m{sub *} Almost-Equal-To 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} around Milky-Way (MW)-sized hosts are presented and used to predict the internal dynamics of these satellites as a function of m{sub *}. For the analysis, a large galaxy group mock catalog is constructed on the basis of (sub)halo-to-stellar mass relations fully constrained with currently available observations, namely the galaxy stellar mass function decomposed into centrals and satellites, and the two-point correlation functions at different masses. We find that 6.6% of MW-sized galaxies host two satellites in the mass range of the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds (SMC and LMC, respectively). The probabilities of the MW-sized galaxies having one satellite equal to or larger than the LMC, two satellites equal to or larger than the SMC, or three satellites equal to or larger than Sagittarius (Sgr) are Almost-Equal-To 0.26, 0.14, and 0.14, respectively. The cumulative satellite mass function of the MW, N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}) , down to the mass of the Fornax dwarf is within the 1{sigma} distribution of all the MW-sized galaxies. We find that MW-sized hosts with three satellites more massive than Sgr (as the MW) are among the most common cases. However, the most and second most massive satellites in these systems are smaller than the LMC and SMC by roughly 0.7 and 0.8 dex, respectively. We conclude that the distribution N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}) for MW-sized galaxies is quite broad, the particular case of the MW being of low frequency but not an outlier. The halo mass of MW-sized galaxies correlates only weakly with N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}). Then, it is not possible to accurately determine the MW halo mass by means of its N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}); from our catalog, we constrain a lower limit of 1.38 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} at the 1{sigma} level. Our analysis strongly suggests that the abundance of massive subhalos should agree with the abundance of massive satellites in all MW-sized hosts, i.e., there is not a missing (massive) satellite problem for the {Lambda}CDM cosmology. However, we confirm that the maximum circular velocity, v{sub max}, of the subhalos of satellites smaller than m{sub *} {approx} 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} is systematically larger than the v{sub max} inferred from current observational studies of the MW bright dwarf satellites; different from previous works, this conclusion is based on an analysis of the overall population of MW-sized galaxies. Some pieces of evidence suggest that the issue could refer only to satellite dwarfs but not to central dwarfs, then environmental processes associated with dwarfs inside host halos combined with supernova-driven core expansion should be on the basis of the lowering of v{sub max}.

Rodriguez-Puebla, Aldo; Avila-Reese, Vladimir; Drory, Niv, E-mail: apuebla@astro.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A. P. 70-264, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

5-4617-01-P1 RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION AND UTILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5-4617-01-P1 RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION AND UTILITY ADJUSTMENT PROCESS DURATION INFORMATION TOOL of Right-of-Way Acquisition and Utility Adjustment Process Duration Information Tool JULY 2008 Performing parties both sides of the R/W line have asked the question "How long does it take to acquire right of way

Texas at Austin, University of

171

The Energy Harvesting Two-Way Decode-and-Forward Relay Channel with Stochastic Data Arrivals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Energy Harvesting Two-Way Decode-and-Forward Relay Channel with Stochastic Data Arrivals Burak, a two-way relay channel is considered with energy harvesting nodes and stochastic data arrivals channel setups, and its performance. Index Terms--Energy harvesting, two-way relay channel, throughput

Yener, Aylin

172

The ultimate downscaling limit of FETs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We created a highly efficient, universal 3D quant um transport simulator. We demonstrated that the simulator scales linearly - both with the problem size (N) and number of CPUs, which presents an important break-through in the field of computational nanoelectronics. It allowed us, for the first time, to accurately simulate and optim ize a large number of realistic nanodevices in a much shorter time, when compared to other methods/codes such as RGF[~N 2.333 ]/KNIT, KWANT, and QTBM[~N 3 ]/NEMO5. In order to determine the best-in-class for different beyond-CMOS paradigms, we performed rigorous device optimization for high-performance logic devices at 6-, 5- and 4-nm gate lengths. We have discovered that there exists a fundamental down-scaling limit for CMOS technology and other Field-Effect Transistors (FETs). We have found that, at room temperatures, all FETs, irre spective of their channel material, will start experiencing unacceptable level of thermally induced errors around 5-nm gate lengths.

Mamaluy, Denis; Gao, Xujiao; Tierney, Brian David

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... s t s have become i n v o l v e d i n q u e r i e s exceed ing ly p r o b l e m a t i c a l . One r e l i e s upon B c e r t a i n c o n d i t i o n o f f a c t s andvo i rcumstan- ces to f i x and e s t a b l i s h what hp deems the on lv p o s s i b l e...

Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus

1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

174

EMPIRE ULTIMATE EXPANSION: RESONANCES AND COVARIANCES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EMPIRE code system is being extended to cover the resolved and unresolved resonance region employing proven methodology used for the production of new evaluations in the recent Atlas of Neutron Resonances. Another directions of Empire expansion are uncertainties and correlations among them. These include covariances for cross sections as well as for model parameters. In this presentation we concentrate on the KALMAN method that has been applied in EMPIRE to the fast neutron range as well as to the resonance region. We also summarize role of the EMPIRE code in the ENDF/B-VII.0 development. Finally, large scale calculations and their impact on nuclear model parameters are discussed along with the exciting perspectives offered by the parallel supercomputing.

HERMAN,M.; MUGHABGHAB, S.F.; OBLOZINSKY, P.; ROCHMAN, D.; PIGNI, M.T.; KAWANO, T.; CAPOTE, R.; ZERKIN, V.; TRKOV, A.; SIN, M.; CARSON, B.V.; WIENKE, H. CHO, Y.-S.

2007-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

175

Ultimate Isotope Precision for Carbonates Thermo Scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vacuum pressure into a cryogenic trapping system. Water and non- condensable gases evolved during phosphorolysis are removed from the CO2 gas phase under high vacuum in the first trap. Prior to transfer into a defined volume. In the microvolume, the dry CO2 is prepared for analysis in a dual microvolume inlet

Lachniet, Matthew S.

176

Ultimate Best Buy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator Jump to: navigation,UTEKUlster County, New York:Buy

177

Ultimate Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator Jump to: navigation,UTEKUlster County, New

178

Experimental demonstration of deterministic one-way quantum computation on a NMR quantum computer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One-way quantum computing is an important and novel approach to quantum computation. By exploiting the existing particle-particle interactions, we report an experimental realization of the complete process of deterministic one-way quantum Deutsch-Josza algorithm in NMR, including graph state preparation, single-qubit measurements, and feed-forward corrections. The findings in our experiment may shed light on the future scalable one-way quantum computation.

Ju, Chenyong; Zhu Jing; Peng Xinhua; Chong Bo; Zhou Xianyi; Du Jiangfeng [Heifei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Facilities & Real Estate Services, 3101 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 Vehicular & Pedestrian Way-finding Directions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. At the Class of 1923 Ice Rink, turn left and follow the one-way route around the Ice Rink to the FRES receiving

Sharp, Kim

180

16 U.S.C. 5: Rights-of-way through parks or reservations for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rights-of-way through parks or reservations for power and communication facilities Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ESnet Paves Way for HPC 'Superfacility' Real-time Beamline Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

via the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is yielding exciting results in organic photovoltaics research that could transform the way researchers use these facilities and improve...

182

EA-1697: San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Project, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of right-of-way maintenance (including facility inspection and repair, vegetation management, and equipment upgrades for transmission lines and associated rights-or-way, access roads, substations, and a maintenance facility) in the San Joaquin Valley in California.

183

On the Energy-Delay Trade-off of a Two-Way Relay Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 On the Energy-Delay Trade-off of a Two-Way Relay Network Xiang He Aylin Yener Wireless relay. The bi-directional nature of the traffic, in this setting, poses a new energy delay trade, queuing, energy-delay trade-off I. INTRODUCTION The two-way relay network considered in this work consists

Yener, Aylin

184

Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1 REINVENTING THE WAY OF CONSTRUCTION: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW DESIGN LANGUAGE ROSSI RESIDENCIAL. The conceptions on the ideal model of industry went by great transformations in the last decades, especially after

Tommelein, Iris D.

185

Method for migrating seismic data by using ray tracing in determining two way travel times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for depth migrating ray traces before stacking comprising the steps of: receiving raw seismic data signals representing acoustic waves generated by a plurality of sources and detected by a plurality of receivers, each of said sources and said receivers having a surface position; generating a set of one way travel times for each surface position to all image points; storing said one way travel times; identifying a set of one way travel times from one source surface position to each of said image points; identifying a second set of one way travel times from one receiver surface position to each of said image points; calculating a two way travel time set to said image points by summing said set of one way travel times for said one source surface position and said second set of one way travel times for said one receiver surface position to each of said image points; mapping a seismic trace associated with a source and receiver combination represented by said two way travel time set; and displaying said map of said seismic trace associated with said source and receiver combination.

Wang, Sheinshion; Sinton, J.B.; Hanson, D.W.

1993-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

186

Campus Limpertsberg -Tuesday 23 April 2013 Public lecture series: Beckerich on the way to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campus Limpertsberg - Tuesday 23 April 2013 Public lecture series: Beckerich on the way to energy autarchy Science and Citizens meet Challenges of Sustainability Public lecture on Energy: Beckerich on the way to energy autarchy An example in Luxembourg: Beckerich. The transition from the fossil

van der Torre, Leon

187

Faculty Way ChancellorsWay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lot Main Campus MeadeSt. LewisSt. EasternSt. LibrarySt. HardingSt. Eighth St. Ninth St. Stratford RdRecreationalSportsComplex 156 HarrisBuilding 158 Building158 159 Building159 161 FacilitiesWarehouse 163 Dowdy

188

Is going legal the only way? Let me ease my way into the more serious stuff with a multilingual joke in questionable taste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

returned to India after more than a decade of living in the US and been working in Kozhikode for more than with disabilities in India. He was quite supportive, but did underline the opinion that probably the only way, he was saying sue-sue is the only winning policy! Let us consider the alternatives and examine

Sunder, V S

189

The one-way communication complexity of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a tight lower bound of Omega(\\sqrt{n}) for the randomized one-way communication complexity of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem [BJK04]. Since there is a quantum one-way communication complexity protocol of O(\\log n) qubits for this problem, we obtain an exponential separation of quantum and classical one-way communication complexity for partial functions. A similar result was independently obtained by Gavinsky, Kempe, de Wolf [GKdW06]. Our lower bound is obtained by Fourier analysis, using the Fourier coefficients inequality of Kahn Kalai and Linial [KKL88].

Iordanis Kerenidis; Ran Raz

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

190

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the fifth quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the third quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

192

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re- injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the fourth quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

193

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful redevelopment and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the seventh quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the second quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

195

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the twelfth quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the fifth quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the final quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

198

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the tenth quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the seventh quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the eleventh quarter of Budget Period I.

Steve Horner; Iraj Ershaghi

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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201

An Advanced Fracture Characterization and Well Path Navigation System for Effective Re-Development and Enhancement of Ultimate Recovery from the Complex Monterey Reservoir of South Ellwood Field, Offshore California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the ninth quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

Solid-State Lighting: Early Lessons Learned on the Way to Market  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This February 20, 2014 webinar presented information from a new DOE report, Solid-State Lighting: Early Lessons Learned on the Way to Market. The SSL market continues to evolve rapidly and LED...

203

Manipulation of cold atoms using an optical one-way barrier .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation describes the development of an apparatus that can accommodate many atom-optics experiments, as well as an experimental demonstration of an optical one-way barrier (more)

Li, Tao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

#MySmallAct: 10 Simple Ways to Go Green and Save Green This Earth...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Go Green and Save Green This Earth Day MySmallAct: 10 Simple Ways to Go Green and Save Green This Earth Day April 20, 2015 - 4:10pm Addthis Energy Department employee Bill...

205

Cozy Up to Colder Weather: 5 Ways to Prepare Your Home for Fall...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

energy bills by 120 or more 5. Light the Way The fall and winter months mean less daylight. I know we are all keen on saving energy, but we don't want any falls while you carry...

206

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a...

207

Title 43 CFR 2800 Rights-of-way Under the Federal Land Policy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Policy Management Act Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Federal RegulationFederal Regulation: Title 43 CFR 2800 Rights-of-way...

208

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gasoline Emissions Control: NH 3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Todd J. Toops, James E. Parks II and Josh A. Pihl Oak Ridge National Laboratory...

209

The Full Water Disposal Ways and Study on Central Air-conditioning Circulation Cooling Water System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with automatic inspection, control the condense times and installing toroidal swirl type filtering water purifier. We have solved the water quality fundamentally of the circulation cooling water. This way will make the chem..with medicine more reliable...

Zhang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

results of Parigi et al., the laboratory tech-niques they describe could pave the way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results of Parigi et al., the laboratory tech- niques they describe could pave the way toward new and momentum are obtained by applying "opera- tors" to a system's wave function. 3. V. Parigi, A. Zavatta, M

Keeling, Patrick

211

Predicting current compressive strength of concrete based on non-destructive testing by way of sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many ways to test the compressive strength of concrete to include both destructive and non-destructive methods. There are many pros and cons associated with the various methods of testing to include cost, size, and method associated...

Coots, Emmit Kevin

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

212

Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do statebuilding activities decrease insurgency? Since 2006 General Petraeus's mantra has been that you cannot kill or capture your way out of a complex insurgency. Instead of bullets money spent on development projects, ...

Querze, Alana Renee

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Methods of right-of-way acquisition used by the Texas Highway Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF APPRAISERS. XXII. WHEN SHOULD APPRAISAL FEES BE PAID FOR CONPLETED vi Page 48 56 57 57 vii LIST OP FIGURES FIGURE 1. TEXAS HIGHWAY DEPARTHNHT Right-of-Way Division Organization Chart 2. Right-of-Way Acquisition HIGHWAY DEPAETNEHT AND OTHER... of appraisal after assignsmnt. 3. The desirability of the various means of assigning parcels of appraisal ~ 4. The adequacy of msp and other inforsmtion provided the appraiser by the Texas Highway Department. 5. The adequacy of fees paid to appraisers...

Lowry, Paul Russell

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

How are the energy waves blocked on the way from hot to cold?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Representing the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE energy. The mission of CMSNF to develop an experimentally validated multi-scale computational capability for the predictive understanding of the impact of microstructure on thermal transport in nuclear fuel under irradiation, with ultimate application to UO2 as a model system

Bai, Xianming; He, Lingfeng; Khafizov, Marat; Yu, Jianguo; Chernatynskiy, Aleksandr

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

215

Quantum de Finetti theorem under fully one-way adaptive measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a version of the quantum de Finetti theorem: permutation-invariant quantum states are well approximated as a probabilistic mixture of multi-fold product states. The approximation is measured by distinguishability under fully one-way LOCC (local operations and classical communication) measurements. Our result strengthens Brand\\~{a}o and Harrow's de Finetti theorem where a kind of partially one-way LOCC measurements was used for measuring the approximation, with essentially the same error bound. As main applications, we show (i) a quasipolynomial-time algorithm which detects multipartite entanglement with amount larger than an arbitrarily small constant (measured with a variant of the relative entropy of entanglement), and (ii) a proof that in quantum Merlin-Arthur proof systems, polynomially many provers are not more powerful than a single prover when the verifier is restricted to one-way LOCC operations.

Ke Li; Graeme Smith

2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Changing the way water cleans http://blogs.royalsociety.org/inside-science/2012/02/25/changing-the-way-water-cleans/[25/04/2012 09:44:51  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is therefore to conserve water and energy wherever cleaning occurs, which is in every household and everyChanging the way water cleans http://blogs.royalsociety.org/inside-science/2012/02/25/changing-the-way-water-cleans Changing the way water cleans Posted by Charlotte Marling on February 25, 2012 The revolutionary potential

Sóbester, András

217

Demonstration of a fully tuneable entangling gate for continuous-variable one-way quantum computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a fully tuneable entangling gate for continuous-variable one-way quantum computation. We present a proof-of-principle demonstration by propagating two independent optical inputs through a three-mode linear cluster state and applying the gate in various regimes. The genuine quantum nature of the gate is confirmed by verifying the entanglement strength in the output state. Our protocol can be readily incorporated into efficient multi-mode interaction operations in the context of large-scale one-way quantum computation, as our tuning process is the generalisation of cluster state shaping.

Shota Yokoyama; Ryuji Ukai; Seiji C. Armstrong; Jun-ichi Yoshikawa; Peter van Loock; Akira Furusawa

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

218

System and method for determining an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system according to the principles of the present disclosure includes a rate determination module, a storage level determination module, and an air/fuel ratio control module. The rate determination module determines an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst based on a reaction efficiency and a reactant level. The storage level determination module determines an ammonia storage level in a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst positioned downstream from the three-way catalyst based on the ammonia generation rate. The air/fuel ratio control module controls an air/fuel ratio of an engine based on the ammonia storage level.

Sun, Min; Perry, Kevin L; Kim, Chang H

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617 Driving Directions to the Beckman Center near the Campus of UC Irvine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617 Driving Directions to the Beckman Center near the Campus of UC for the Beckman Center Turn left at the light at California Avenue. Turn right onto Academy Way. The Beckman

Stanford, Kyle

220

Experimental and numerical study of the behavior of three-way catalytic converters under different engine operation conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis reports the studies on how the three-way catalytic converters behave under different operation conditions. The main focus of the work is in the oxygen storage capacity of the three-way catalyst. Rich-to-lean ...

Zhang, Yuetao

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Good morning. Innovation manifests itself in so many ways and forms scientific, artistic, social, commercial and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Good morning. Innovation manifests itself in so many ways and forms ­ scientific, artistic, social is to celebrate innovation everywhere we see it. Last week was a great one in terms of telling our collective innovation story. The many people and partnerships it takes to establish and maintain this type of culture

Maccabe, Barney

222

Composting with Worms Worm composting (or vermicomposting) is a natural and efficient way to recycle your  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composting with Worms Worm composting (or vermicomposting) is a natural and efficient way to recycle your organic kitchen scraps. And it sure beats plowing through knee-high snowdrifts to the compost project to do with kids; it's easy to make compost using worms as long as you have the right container

New Hampshire, University of

223

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY Easy ways you can help reduce our  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY Easy ways you can help reduce our university's footprint. A Student, the Bowling Green City Recycling Center is really close to campus. It is open 24/7.You can take items that BGSU does not recycle like glass, books, and steel! Bowling Green City Recycling Center 1040 N. College

Moore, Paul A.

224

Look both ways: IE's Sarav Arunachalam models air pollution near roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Look both ways: IE's Sarav Arunachalam models air pollution near roadways IE Research Associate potent carcinogens. These toxic pollutants have strong associations with other adverse health effects and depletion of air pollution within the first 550 yards downwind of the roadway and look at exposure patterns

Engel, Jonathan

225

Georgia researchers uncover new ways to meet America's alternative energy needs. By Kathy Brister  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-up companies. State economic developers attracted more than $3 billion in commercial green-energy projects over-edge" biofuel projects. Here's a look at some of the bioenergy innovations under way in Georgia, Tapping Timber bioenergy company Range Fuels plans to crank up what's being billed as the United States' first commercial

Nair, Sankar

226

The Only Way is Up On A Tower of Abstractions for Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Only Way is Up On A Tower of Abstractions for Biology Jasmin Fisher1 , Nir Piterman2 Abstract. We draw an analogy between biology and computer hard- ware systems and argue for the need that in reverse engineering of biological systems; only by using a tower of abstractions we would be able

Vardi, Moshe Y.

227

Cognitive Transmission and Performance Analysis for Amplify-and-Forward Two-Way Relay Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Transmission and Performance Analysis for Amplify-and-Forward Two-Way Relay Networks, Canada Abstract--In this paper, we propose a cognitive transmission scheme for Amplify-and-Forward (AF- ability of the cognitive TWRN over Rayleigh fading channels. Furthermore, based on these probabilities

Tellambura, Chintha

228

5-4079-01-P1 RIGHT-OF-WAY COST ESTIMATING TOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5-4079-01-P1 RIGHT-OF-WAY COST ESTIMATING TOOL USER MANUAL Authors: Dr. Kara Kockelman, R.S. Dr Acquisition Cost Estimating Planning Tool AUGUST 2006 Performing Organization: Center for Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration. #12;#12;1 Tool Introduction This document is the user manual for the Right

Texas at Austin, University of

229

BNY Mellon -Leading the way across the globe Manchester Metropolitan University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BNY Mellon - Leading the way across the globe Manchester Metropolitan University 2012 #12;Page 2 business Established The Bank of New York Securities Co. Japan, Ltd. Established BNY Luxembourg Acquired) Luxembourg A radical increase in product breadth and global reach Early adopters of mainframe technology 1900

230

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015 Ph: 650-725-5399. Fax Stanford Social Innovation Review Spring 2009 Copyright © 2009 by Leland Stanford Jr. University All Rights Reserved #12;40 STANFORD SOCIAL INNOVATION REVIEW · Spring 2009 ( ) On April 22, 1990,an estimated 200

Hoffman, Andrew J.

231

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford Social Innovation Review 518 Memorial Way, Stanford, CA 94305-5015 Ph: 650-725-5399. Fax: 650-723-0516 Email: info@ssireview.com, www.ssireview.com Design Thinking for Social Innovation By Tim Brown & Jocelyn Wyatt Stanford Social Innovation Review Winter 2010 Copyright 2007 by Leland Stanford Jr

Ramanujam, Nimmi

232

Visualizing the Brain in a New Way USTAR Research Team #7: Imaging Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visualizing the Brain in a New Way USTAR Research Team #7: Imaging Technology Learning to spot autism by creating models of healthy brains How do you know if you're looking at something unhealthy Gerig to study the development of brains in children from infancy to four-years-old. Using magnetic

Utah, University of

233

Dr Hella Eckhardt A Long Way from Home -Diaspora Communities in Roman Britain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumed in the pre-Roman Iron Age, and during the Roman occupation continues to be a high status foodDr Hella Eckhardt A Long Way from Home - Diaspora Communities in Roman Britain End of year report for 2008 Our project adopts an integrated approach to the question of diaspora communities in Roman Britain

Glasgow, University of

234

Why help in this way? Insights gained from an approachable contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why help in this way? Insights gained from an approachable contact within an organisation can make to a student query when you feel able to help by sharing your experiences and offering advice. How do I become for Rolls-Royce in helping us to secure the best graduate talent but having helped 3 Lancaster students

Diggle, Peter J.

235

Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics and analyzing multi-variate dependence in econometrics; see, e.g., [13, 7, 911, 13, 14, 21]. Our experience problems of econometrics, there is still a lot of confusion and misunderstanding related to vine copulas

Kreinovich, Vladik

236

Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA processing shock. The following protocol is intended for ~108 ­1010 cells. If the filtering seems slow, harvest less culture or divide the cells over multiple filters. If you're harvesting less than ~108 cells, you

Dunham, Maitreya

237

Modified Bennett-Brassard 1984 Quantum Key Distribution With Two-way Classical Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum key distribution protocol without public announcement of bases is equipped with a two-way classical communication symmetric entanglement purification protocol. This modified key distribution protocol is unconditionally secure and has a higher tolerable error rate of 20%, which is higher than previous scheme without public announcement of bases.

Kai Wen; Gui Lu Long

2005-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

Abstract--The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. One way to approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract-- The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. One way efficiencies through the use of waste heat. Managing significant levels of DER with a wide and dynamic set clustered generation and associated loads as a grid resource or a "microgrid". The clustered sources

239

MoIAC Pre-Audit Form Ways to submit this form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information: #12;MoIAC Pre-Audit Form Major Energy Consuming Equipment: Please provide informationMoIAC Pre-Audit Form Ways to submit this form: 1. Fill up the form and fax it to 573-882-2693 Attn: Dr. Bin Wu 2. Print and return this form by mail to: Dr. Bin Wu University of Missouri

Noble, James S.

240

The Agile Research Penultimatum Thomas Way, Sandhya Chandrasekhar and Arun Murthy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thomas.way@villanova.edu Abstract - Agile software development is a widely used and successful Unified Process, Rational Unified Process, Agile Modeling, and most recently, Lean Software Development methodology for organizing and managing software product development in an industry setting. For academic

Way, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

TagParser: well on the way to ISO-TC37 conformance Gil FRANCOPOULO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TagParser: well on the way to ISO-TC37 conformance Gil FRANCOPOULO TAGMATICA 126 rue de Picpus that are currently under development within ISO-TC37. Then as an example of application of these ISO specifications and research teams. Officially recognized specifications are needed. The ISO-TC37 work started from the GENELEX

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

242

U.S. Smart Grid Finding new ways to cut carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. Smart Grid Finding new ways to cut carbon and create jobs April 19, 2011 Marcy Lowe, Hua Fan and Gary Gereffi Contributing CGGC researcher: Ghada Ahmed #12;U.S. Smart Grid 2 This research was prepared on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness Duke University #12;U.S. Smart Grid 3 Table of contents Executive

Ferrari, Silvia

243

One-way propagation of light in Born-Infeld-like metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose and investigate a family of nonlinear metamaterials in which light rays propagate just in one direction -- one-way propagation. Furthermore, we argue how such nonlinear media could provide an analog model for investigating the Born-Infeld Lagrangian in the realm of fields larger than its scale field.

Vitorio A. De Lorenci; Jonas P. Pereira

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

244

One-Way Wave Propagation Through Smoothly Varying Media Controlling the Energy Production at Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One-Way Wave Propagation Through Smoothly Varying Media Controlling the Energy Production at Home propagation through the earth, governed by the acoustic wave equation. Downward continuation is a technique, Citadel T100 As part of the application called migration or reflection seismic imaging, we model wave

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

245

Three Easy Ways to Order Call: 18007774643 (within North & South America)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORDER FORM Three Easy Ways to Order Call: 1­800­777­4643 (within North & South America) (212) 460­1500 (outside North & South America) Fax: (201) 348­4505 Mail: Birkhäuser, PO Box 2485 Secaucus, NJ 07096 book (within North and South America); $10.00 for the first & $5.00 for each additional book (outside

Sørensen, Michael

246

innovati nNREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the basis for the 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) books. These user-friendly guides are the secondinnovati nNREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half Building designers of capabilities, NREL leads an integrated approach across the spectrum of renewable energy innovation. From

247

Green Chemistry The smartest way to cut pollution is to prevent it. That's the motto of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31 Green Chemistry The smartest way to cut pollution is to prevent it. That's the motto of "green ­ in this case oil ­ interacts with oxygen. However, common indus- trial oxidation methods are highly polluting, oxygen obtained from air is used as a reactant, with water being the main waste product. Prof. Ronny

Maoz, Shahar

248

From "nobody cares" to "way to go!": A Design Framework for Social Sharing in Personal Informatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technological devices and applications for tracking personal data have become increasingly ubiquitousFrom "nobody cares" to "way to go!": A Design Framework for Social Sharing in Personal Informatics and popular commercial applications include features for sharing personally collected data with others

Munson, Sean A.

249

ROBUST 3-WAY TENSOR DECOMPOSITION AND EXTENDED STATE KALMAN FILTERING TO EXTRACT FETAL ECG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROBUST 3-WAY TENSOR DECOMPOSITION AND EXTENDED STATE KALMAN FILTERING TO EXTRACT FETAL ECG Mohammad ABSTRACT This paper addresses the problem of fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) extraction from multichannel that are robust to outliers are proposed and used to better track weak traces of the fetal ECG. Then, the state

Boyer, Edmond

250

Hair cell regeneration: winging our way towards a sound future Olivia Bermingham-McDonogh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hair cell regeneration: winging our way towards a sound future Olivia Bermingham-McDonogh and Edwin W Rubely The discovery of hair cell regeneration in the inner ear of birds provides new optimism that there may be a treatment for hearing and balance disorders. In this review we describe the process of hair

Rubel, Edwin

251

SEMI-ALGEBRAIC CANONICAL DECOMPOSITION OF MULTI-WAY ARRAYS AND JOINT EIGENVALUE DECOMPOSITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Rennes, F-35000, France ABSTRACT A semi-algebraic algorithm based on Joint EigenValue De- composition, the "Closed Form Solution" (CFS) presented in [10] and [11] resorts to the Joint EigenValue DecompositionSEMI-ALGEBRAIC CANONICAL DECOMPOSITION OF MULTI-WAY ARRAYS AND JOINT EIGENVALUE DECOMPOSITION

Boyer, Edmond

252

The Impact of Inhomogeneous Reionization on the Satellite Galaxy Population of the Milky Way  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use the publicly available subhalo catalogs from the via Lactea simulation along with a Gpc-scale N-body simulation to understand the impact of inhomogeneous reionization on the satellite galaxy population of the Milky Way. The large-volume simulation is combined with a model for reionization that allows us to predict the distribution of reionization times for Milky Way mass halos. Motivated by this distribution, we identify candidate satellite galaxies in the simulation by requiring that any subhalo must grow above a specified mass threshold before it is reionized; after this time the photoionizing background will suppress both the formation of stars and the accretion of gas. We show that varying the reionization time over the range expected for Milky Way mass halos can change the number of satellite galaxies by roughly two orders of magnitude. This conclusion is in contradiction with a number of studies in the literature, and we conclude that this is a result of inconsistent application of the results of Gnedin (2000); subtle changes in the assumptions about how reionization affects star formation in small galaxies can lead to large changes in the effect of changing the reionization time on the number of satellites. We compare our satellite galaxies to observations using both abundance matching and stellar population synthesis methods to assign luminosities to our subhalos and account for observational completeness effects. Additionally, if we assume that the mass threshold is set by the virial temperature T{sub vir} = 8 x 10{sup 3} K we find that our model accurately matches the vmax distribution, radial distribution, and luminosity function of observed Milky Way satellites for a reionization time z{sub reion} = 9.6{sub -2.1}{sup 1.0}, assuming that the via Lactea subhalo distribution is representative of the Milky Way. This results in the presence of 119{sub -50}{sup +202} satellite galaxies.

Busha, Michael T.; Alvarez, Marcelo A.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Abel, Tom; Strigari, Louis E.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; ,

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

253

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, environmentally harmful, oil exploration and drilling. Technology Solar Fuel's proprietary technology converts wasteful thermal energy production. Solar Fuel has two patents filed and in process. Market Potential There are many potential markets for Solar Fuel, however, the beachhead target is the oil and gas in- dustry

Jawitz, James W.

254

Proposed experiment of which-way detection by longitudinal momentum transfer in Young's double slit experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The momentum of a photon may reveal the answer to the "which way" problem of Young's double slit experiments. A photon passing through the boundary between two media, in which a photon travels at different velocities, undergoes a momentum change according to the law of conservation of momentum. The momentum of the photon is transferred locally to the medium, and the boundary between the media receives stress, which determines the photon trajectory. An experiment is performed using a crystal plate that can transform the stress to electric charge. We are able to detect the electric charge after the detection of the photon on the screen, and control the sensitivity of photon detection. By means of this proposed experiment it is determined whether or not an attempt to detect the "which way" of photon travel destroys the interference patterns.

Masanori Sato

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The Milky Way Project: Leveraging Citizen Science and Machine Learning to Detect Interstellar Bubbles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Brut, an algorithm to identify bubbles in infrared images of the Galactic midplane. Brut is based on the Random Forest algorithm, and uses bubbles identified by >35,000 citizen scientists from the Milky Way Project to discover the identifying characteristics of bubbles in images from the Spitzer Space Telescope. We demonstrate that Brut's ability to identify bubbles is comparable to expert astronomers. We use Brut to re-assess the bubbles in the Milky Way Project catalog, and find that 10-30% of the objects in this catalog are non-bubble interlopers. Relative to these interlopers, high-reliability bubbles are more confined to the mid plane, and display a stronger excess of Young Stellar Objects along and within bubble rims. Furthermore, Brut is able to discover bubbles missed by previous searches -- particularly bubbles near bright sources which have low contrast relative to their surroundings. Brut demonstrates the synergies that exist between citizen scientists, professional scientists, and machi...

Beaumont, Christopher; Williams, Jonathan; Kendrew, Sarah; Simpson, Robert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

LDRD final report : leveraging multi-way linkages on heterogeneous data.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the accomplishments of the 'Leveraging Multi-way Linkages on Heterogeneous Data' which ran from FY08 through FY10. The goal was to investigate scalable and robust methods for multi-way data analysis. We developed a new optimization-based method called CPOPT for fitting a particular type of tensor factorization to data; CPOPT was compared against existing methods and found to be more accurate than any faster method and faster than any equally accurate method. We extended this method to computing tensor factorizations for problems with incomplete data; our results show that you can recover scientifically meaningfully factorizations with large amounts of missing data (50% or more). The project has involved 5 members of the technical staff, 2 postdocs, and 1 summer intern. It has resulted in a total of 13 publications, 2 software releases, and over 30 presentations. Several follow-on projects have already begun, with more potential projects in development.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Testing two alternatives theories to dark matter with the Milky Way dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two alternative theories to dark matter are investigated by testing their ability to describe consistently the dynamics of the Milky Way. The first one refers to a modified gravity theory having a running gravitational constant and the second assumes that dark matter halos are constituted by a Bose-Einstein condensation. The parameters of each model as well as those characterizing the stellar subsystems of the Galaxy were estimated by fitting the rotation curve of the Milky Way. Then, using these parameters, the vertical acceleration profile at the solar position was computed and compared with observations. The modified gravity theory overestimates the vertical acceleration derived from stellar kinematics while predictions of the Bose-Einstein condensation halo model are barely consistent with observations. However, a dark matter halo based on a collisionless fluid satisfies our consistency test, being the best model able to describe equally well the rotation curve and the vertical acceleration of the Galaxy.

de Oliveira, P L C; Reinisch, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Wisdom Way Solar Village: Design, Construction, and Analysis of a Low Energy Community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes work conducted at the Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of 10 high performance duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA, constructed by Rural Development, Inc. (RDI). Building America's CARB team monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010, and tracked utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes.

Aldrich, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

An effective way to reduce residential construction waste: a case study in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and eliminate waste. ? The Toyota Production System (TPS) is a combination of techniques developed at the Toyota Motor Company that focus on setup, lead time and lot size reduction and systematic ways to improve quality. ? Bill of Quantities is #1... (LC) is, we have first to understand what Lean Thinking is. The concept of Lean Thinking is based on the Toyota Production System, TPS, and was developed in a manufacture environment, more specifically, in the automobile industry (Picchi and Dos...

Castelo Branco, Cristiano Ribeiro

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

An effective way to reduce residential construction waste: a case study in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and eliminate waste. The Toyota Production System (TPS) is a combination of techniques developed at the Toyota Motor Company that focus on setup, lead time and lot size reduction and systematic ways to improve quality. Bill of Quantities is #1... (LC) is, we have first to understand what Lean Thinking is. The concept of Lean Thinking is based on the Toyota Production System, TPS, and was developed in a manufacture environment, more specifically, in the automobile industry (Picchi and Dos...

Castelo Branco, Cristiano Ribeiro

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Experimental Realization of Deutsch's Algorithm in a One-way Quantum Computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the first experimental demonstration of an all-optical one-way implementation of Deutsch's quantum algorithm on a four-qubit cluster state. All the possible configurations of a balanced or constant function acting on a two-qubit register are realized within the measurement-based model for quantum computation. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with the theoretical model, therefore demonstrating the successful performance of the algorithm.

M. S. Tame; R. Prevedel; M. Paternostro; P. Bhi; M. S. Kim; A. Zeilinger

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hints on the nature of dark matter from the properties of Milky Way satellites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nature of dark matter is still unknown and one of the most fundamental scientific mysteries. Although successfully describing large scales, the standard cold dark matter model (CDM) exhibits possible shortcomings on galactic and sub-galactic scales. It is exactly at these highly non-linear scales where strong astrophysical constraints can be set on the nature of the dark matter particle. While observations of the Lyman-? forest probe the matter power spectrum in the mildly non-linear regime, satellite galaxies of the Milky Way provide an excellent laboratory as a test of the underlying cosmology on much smaller scales. Here we present results from a set of high resolution simulations of a Milky Way sized dark matter halo in eight distinct cosmologies: CDM, warm dark matter (WDM) with a particle mass of 2 keV and six different cold plus warm dark matter (C+WDM) models, varying the fraction, f{sub wdm}, and the mass, m{sub wdm}, of the warm component. We used three different observational tests based on Milky Way satellite observations: the total satellite abundance, their radial distribution and their mass profile. We show that the requirement of simultaneously satisfying all three constraints sets very strong limits on the nature of dark matter. This shows the power of a multi-dimensional small scale approach in ruling out models which would be still allowed by large scale observations.

Anderhalden, Donnino; Diemand, Juerg [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zrich (Switzerland); Schneider, Aurel [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Macci, Andrea V. [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Knigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Bertone, Gianfranco, E-mail: donninoa@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: aurel.schneider@sussex.ac.uk, E-mail: maccio@mpia.de, E-mail: diemand@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: gf.bertone@gmail.com [GRAPPA Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Geospatial Analysis Requires a Different Way of Thinking: The Problem of Spatial Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geospatial analysis is very much dominated by a Gaussian way of thinking, which assumes that things in the world can be characterized by a well-defined mean, i.e., things are more or less similar in size. However, this assumption is not always valid. In fact, many things in the world lack a well-defined mean, and therefore there are far more small things than large ones. This paper attempts to argue that geospatial analysis requires a different way of thinking - a Paretian way of thinking that underlies skewed distribution such as power laws, Pareto and lognormal distributions. I review two properties of spatial dependence and spatial heterogeneity, and point out that the notion of spatial heterogeneity in current spatial statistics is only used to characterize local variance of spatial dependence. I subsequently argue for a broad perspective on spatial heterogeneity, and suggest it be formulated as a scaling law. I further discuss the implications of Paretian thinking and the scaling law for better understan...

Jiang, Bin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cats and Dogs, Hair and A Hero: A Quintet of New Milky Way Companions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present five new satellites of the Milky Way discovered in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging data, four of which were followed-up with either the Subaru or the Isaac Newton Telescopes. They include four probable new dwarf galaxies -- one each in the constellations of Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici, Leo and Hercules -- together with one unusually extended globular cluster, Segue 1. We provide distances, absolute magnitudes, half-light radii and color-magnitude diagrams for all five satellites. The morphological features of the color-magnitude diagrams are generally well described by the ridge line of the old, metal-poor globular cluster M92. In the last two years, a total of ten new Milky Way satellites with effective surface brightness mu_v >~ 28 mag/sq. arcsec have been discovered in SDSS data. They are less luminous, more irregular and appear to be more metal-poor than the previously-known nine Milky Way dwarf spheroidals. The relationship between these objects and other populations is discussed. We note that there is a paucity of objects with half-light radii between ~40 pc and ~ 100 pc. We conjecture that this may represent the division between star clusters and dwarf galaxies.

V. Belokurov; D. B. Zucker; N. W. Evans; J. T. Kleyna; S. Koposov; S. T. Hodgkin; M. J. Irwin; G. Gilmore; M. I. Wilkinson; M. Fellhauer; D. M. Bramich; P. C. Hewett; S. Vidrih; J. T. A. De Jong; J. A. Smith; H. -W. Rix; E. F. Bell; R. F. G. Wyse; H. J. Newberg; P. A. Mayeur; B. Yanny; C. M. Rockosi; O. Y. Gnedin; D. P. Schneider; T. C. Beers; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; S. A. Snedden

2006-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

265

Landowners Guide for Compatible Use of BPA Rights-of-Way  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Keeping transmission lines safe and reliable is a critical priority for the Bonneville Power Administration. The key element in achieving those objectives is BPAs ability to construct, operate and maintain its transmission lines and rights-of-way the area under and around the lines. You can help BPA keep these rights-of-way clear of trees, brush and structures that could affect the safety or reliability of the transmission system. Prior to planting, digging, or constructing within BPAs rights-of-way, fill out BPAs Land Use Application Form. The information you provide on the application helps BPA understand your proposed use and the potential impacts to public safety, and the safety of our crews. BPA also reviews the application to determine whether a proposed use of land is compatible with the construction, operation and maintenance of BPA transmission lines. Coordinating with BPA early in your planning process can keep you safe and avoid wasting time and money.

none,

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

36 Ways to Save Energy and Money - Right Now! Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fact sheet outlining top ways to save energy and money in Hawaii, in the office, at home, and in the car.

Not Available

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Venkat Vishwanath Steve Crusan and Kevin Harms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/P Compute Resource Eureka Analysis Cluster Storage System ALCF uses the GPFS filesystem for production I Tukey Analysis Cluster Storage System ALCF-2 I/O Infrastructure 1536 GB/s 1536 GB/s Storage System

Kemner, Ken

268

Do Dark Pools Harm Price Discovery?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark pools are equity trading systems that do not publicly display orders. Dark pools offer potential price improvements but do not guarantee execution. Informed traders tend to trade in the same direction, crowd on the ...

Zhu, Haoxiang

269

Harmful Algal Blooms & Muck What's the Difference?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Microcystis blooms have been found in western Lake Erie, Saginaw Bay, western Lake Michigan, and inland type. However, both represent significantly different species. Unlike green algae such as Cladophora, blue-green algae is technically not an algae, but is a bacteria known as cyanobacteria

270

Kevin Harms | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs & Graduates > TheFox d3m351

271

Cheaper, Cleaner, Cooler Ways to Meet our Needs for New Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cheaper, Cleaner, Cooler Ways to Meet our Needs for New Energy Tom Smitty Smith Director Public Citizens Texas Office 512-477-1155 Smitty@citizen.org Five Crises or Opportunities 1. Air pollution 2. Global Warming 3. Increasing Energy Bills 4... produces 1,686 lbs of CO 2 (global warming) 3.9 lbs of SO 2 (acid rain) 2.16 lbs of NOx (smog) In 2004 power plants emitted 252 million tons CO 2 524,372 tons of SO 2 184,483 tons of NOx Power Plants Emissions Effect Air Quality Across Texas...

Smith, T.

272

Exponential Separation of Quantum and Classical One-Way Communication Complexity for a Boolean Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give an exponential separation between one-way quantum and classical communication complexity for a Boolean function. Earlier such a separation was known only for a relation. A very similar result was obtained earlier but independently by Kerenidis and Raz [KR06]. Our version of the result gives an example in the bounded storage model of cryptography, where the key is secure if the adversary has a certain amount of classical storage, but is completely insecure if he has a similar amount of quantum storage.

Dmitry Gavinsky; Julia Kempe; Ronald de Wolf

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

273

Stellar and Intermediate-Mass Black Holes in the Milky Way and Nearby Galaxies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of high resolution X-ray telescopes, the ability to identify extragalactic black holes has greatly enhanced our understanding of massive compact objects, as we are no longer limited to the rather meager Milky Way black hole population. The greatly increased numbers have opened up opportunities to find new modes of compact object accretion and potentially long-sought evidence for intermediate-mass black holes. In this lecture series, the current state of knowledge of stellar- and intermediate-mass black holes is reviewed, particularly in regards to black hole populations in external galaxies.

Irwin, Jimmy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Box 870324, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0324 (United States)

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

Colorado - Rights of Way on State Trust Lands - General Information | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy,(EC-LEDS) | OpenEnergy Information Way on State

275

Seven Ways to Optimize Your Process Heat System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from the Gridwise Global1WasteRecoveryAwardsFacility inDepartment ofSettingSeven Ways

276

RIGHT-OF-WAY ACQUISITION PLAN UNDER THE UNIFORM ACT FOR THE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket37963American |Purpose01/05/14 RIGHT-OF-WAY

277

Title 16 USC 79 Rights-of-way for Public Utilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective JumpInc.,Information Rights-of-way for

278

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable solar:210th-G00853/gim5 Ways to Save on

279

FIA-12-0013 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstruction Management14,2 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA3

280

ESnet Paves Way for HPC 'Superfacility' Real-time Beamline Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home It is the mission of theESnet Paves Way

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

NREL: Technology Transfer - Innovative Way to Test Batteries Fills a Market  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData and ResourcesOther FederalNiche Innovative Way to Test

282

File:03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California:FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone by E-mail Share AlternativeRight Now Ten Ways You Can Start

284

4/5/2014 10 ways alternative energyis about to change the waytech gets powered -TechRepublic http://www.techrepublic.com/article/10-ways-alternative-energy-is-about-to-change-the-way-tech-gets-powered/ 1/10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Apple; it owns two solar farms and one fuel-cell farm near its data center in North Carolina4/5/2014 10 ways alternative energyis about to change the waytech gets powered - TechRepublic http://www.techrepublic.com/article/10-ways-alternative-energy-is-about-to-change-the-way-tech-gets-powered/ 1/10 Solar-powered laptops

Chiao, Jung-Chih

285

Passive faraday mirror attack in practical two-way quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The faraday mirror (FM) plays a very important role in maintaining the stability of two way plug-and-play quantum key distribution (QKD) system. However, the practical FM is imperfect, which will not only introduce additional quantum bit error rate (QBER) but also leave a loophole for Eve to spy the secret key. In this paper, we propose a passive faraday mirror attack in two way QKD system based on the imperfection of FM. Our analysis shows that, if the FM is imperfect, the dimension of Hilbert space spanned by the four states sent by Alice is three instead of two. Thus Eve can distinguish these states with a set of POVM operators belonging to three dimension space, which will reduce the QBER induced by her attack. Furthermore, a relationship between the degree of the imperfection of FM and the transmittance of the practical QKD system is obtained. The results show that, the probability that Eve loads her attack successfully depends on the degree of the imperfection of FM rapidly, but the QBER induced by Eve's attack changes with the degree of the imperfection of FM slightly.

Shi-Hai Sun; Mu-Sheng Jiang; Lin-Mei Liang

2012-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

286

Passive Faraday-mirror attack in a practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Faraday mirror (FM) plays a very important role in maintaining the stability of two-way plug-and-play quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. However, the practical FM is imperfect, which will not only introduce an additional quantum bit error rate (QBER) but also leave a loophole for Eve to spy the secret key. In this paper we propose a passive Faraday mirror attack in two-way QKD system based on the imperfection of FM. Our analysis shows that if the FM is imperfect, the dimension of Hilbert space spanned by the four states sent by Alice is three instead of two. Thus Eve can distinguish these states with a set of Positive Operator Valued Measure (POVM) operators belonging to three-dimension space, which will reduce the QBER induced by her attack. Furthermore, a relationship between the degree of the imperfection of FM and the transmittance of the practical QKD system is obtained. The results show that the probability that Eve loads her attack successfully depends on the degree of the imperfection of FM rapidly, but the QBER induced by Eve's attack changes slightly with the degree of the FM imperfection.

Sun Shihai; Jiang Musheng; Liang Linmei [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Rotation of the Milky Way and the formation of the Magellanic Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We studied the impact of the revisited values for the LSR circular velocity of the Milky Way (Reid et al. 2004) on the formation of the Magellanic Stream. The LSR circular velocity was varied within its observational uncertainties as a free parameter of the interaction between the Large (LMC) and the Small (SMC) Magellanic Clouds and the Galaxy. We have shown that the large-scale morphology and kinematics of the Magellanic Stream may be reproduced as tidal features, assuming the recent values of the proper motions of the Magellanic Clouds (Kallivayalil et al. 2006). Automated exploration of the entire parameter space for the interaction was performed to identify all parameter combinations that allow for modeling the Magellanic Stream. Satisfactory models exist for the dynamical mass of the Milky Way within a wide range of 0.6*10^12Msun to 3.0*10^12Msun and over the entire 1-sigma errors of the proper motions of the Clouds. However, the successful models share a common interaction scenario. The Magellanic Clou...

Ruzicka, Adam; Palous, Jan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

History of Milky Way Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies Imprinted on Abundance Patterns of Neutron-Capture Elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar abundance pattern of neutron-capture elements such as barium is used as a powerful tool to infer how star formation proceeded in dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies. It is found that the abundance correlation of barium with iron in stars belonging to dSph galaxies orbiting the Milky Way, i.e., Draco, Sextans, and Ursa Minor have a feature similar to the barium-iron correlation in Galactic metal-poor stars. The common feature of these two correlations can be realized by our inhomogeneous chemical evolution model based on the supernova-driven star formation scenario if dSph stars formed from gas with a velocity dispersion of ~26 km/s. This velocity dispersion together with the stellar luminosities strongly suggest that dark matter dominated dSph galaxies. The tidal force of the Milky Way links this velocity dispersion with the currently observed value <10 km/s by stripping the dark matter in dSph galaxies. As a result, the total mass of each dSph galaxy is found to have been originally ~25 times larger than at present. Our inhomogeneous chemical evolution model succeeds in reproducing the stellar [Fe/H] distribution function observed in Sextans. In this model, supernovae immediately after the end of the star formation epoch can expel the remaining gas over the gravitational potential of the dSph galaxy.

Takuji Tsujimoto; Toshikazu Shigeyama

2002-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

289

A COLD MILKY WAY STELLAR STREAM IN THE DIRECTION OF TRIANGULUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present evidence for a new Milky Way stellar tidal stream in the direction of the Andromeda and Triangulum (M31 and M33) galaxies. Using a matched-filter technique, we search the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8 by creating stellar density maps which probe the Milky Way halo at distances between 8 and 40 kpc. A visual search of these maps recovers all of the major known stellar streams, as well as a new stream in the direction of M31/M33 that we name the Triangulum stream. The stream spans 0.{sup 0}2 by 12 Degree-Sign on the sky, or 75 pc by 5.5 kpc in physical units with a best-fitting distance of 26 {+-} 4 kpc. The width of the stream is consistent with being the tidal remnant of a globular cluster. A color-magnitude diagram of the stream region shows an overdensity which, if identified as a main-sequence turnoff, corresponds to an old ({approx}12 Gyr) and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx}-1.0 dex) stellar population. Future kinematic studies of this and similar cold streams will provide tight constraints on the shape of the Galactic gravitational potential.

Bonaca, Ana; Geha, Marla; Kallivayalil, Nitya, E-mail: ana.bonaca@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

290

MAPPING THE STELLAR STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY THICK DISK AND HALO USING SEGUE PHOTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We map the stellar structure of the Galactic thick disk and halo by applying color-magnitude diagram (CMD) fitting to photometric data from the Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE) survey. The SEGUE imaging scans allow, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of Milky Way structure at both high and low latitudes using uniform Sloan Digital Sky Survey photometry. Incorporating photometry of all relevant stars simultaneously, CMD fitting bypasses the need to choose single tracer populations. Using old stellar populations of differing metallicities as templates, we obtain a sparse three-dimensional map of the stellar mass distribution at |Z|>1 kpc. Fitting a smooth Milky Way model comprising exponential thin and thick disks and an axisymmetric power-law halo allows us to constrain the structural parameters of the thick disk and halo. The thick-disk scale height and length are well constrained at 0.75 {+-} 0.07 kpc and 4.1 {+-} 0.4 kpc, respectively. We find a stellar halo flattening within {approx}25 kpc of c/a = 0.88 {+-} 0.03 and a power-law index of 2.75 {+-} 0.07 (for 7 kpc {approx_lt}R{sub GC} {approx_lt} 30 kpc). The model fits yield thick-disk and stellar halo densities at the solar location of {rho}{sub thick,sun} = 10{sup -2.3{+-}0.1} M{sub sun} pc{sup -3} and {rho}{sub halo,sun} = 10{sup -4.20{+-}0.05} M{sub sun} pc{sup -3}, averaging over any substructures. Our analysis provides the first clear in situ evidence for a radial metallicity gradient in the Milky Way's stellar halo: within R {approx_lt} 15 kpc the stellar halo has a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] {approx_equal} -1.6, which shifts to [Fe/H] {approx_equal} -2.2 at larger radii, in line with the two-component halo deduced by Carollo et al. from a local kinematic analysis. Subtraction of the best-fit smooth and symmetric model from the overall density maps reveals a wealth of substructures at all latitudes, some attributable to known streams and overdensities, and some new. A simple warp cannot account for the low latitude substructure, as overdensities occur simultaneously above and below the Galactic plane.

De Jong, Jelte T. A.; Rix, Hans-Walter; Martin, Nicolas F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Yanny, Brian [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon Company, 1151 East Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85756 (United States); Beers, Timothy C., E-mail: dejong@mpia.d [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA: Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Ways to improve the efficiency and reliability of radio frequency driven negative ion sources for fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large RF driven negative hydrogen ion sources are being developed at IPP Garching for the future neutral beam injection system of ITER. The overall power efficiency of these sources is low, because for the RF power supply self-excited generators are utilized and the plasma is generated in small cylindrical sources (drivers) and expands into the source main volume. At IPP experiments to reduce the primary power and the RF power required for the plasma production are performed in two ways: The oscillator generator of the prototype source has been replaced by a transistorized RF transmitter and two alternative driver concepts, a spiral coil, in which the field is concentrated by ferrites, which omits the losses by plasma expansion and a helicon source are being tested.

Kraus, W., E-mail: kraus@ipp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut fr Plasmaphysik (IPP), Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Briefi, S.; Fantz, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fr Plasmaphysik (IPP), Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut fr Plasmaphysik (IPP), Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); AG Experimentelle Plasmaphysik, Universitt Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg (Germany); Gutmann, P.; Doerfler, J. [AG Experimentelle Plasmaphysik, Universitt Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg (Germany)] [AG Experimentelle Plasmaphysik, Universitt Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Towards a fully consistent Milky Way disc model - III. Constraining the initial mass function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use our vertical Milky Way disc model together with Galaxia to create mock observations of stellar samples in the solar neighbourhood. We compare these to the corresponding volume complete observational samples of dereddened and binary accounted data from Hipparcos and the Catalogue of Nearby Stars. Sampling the likelihood in the parameter space we determine a new fiducial IMF considering constraints from dwarf and giant stars. The resulting IMF observationally backed in the range from 0.5 to 10 Msun is a two slope broken power law with -1.49 +- 0.08 for the low mass slope, a break at 1.39 +- 0.05 Msun and a high mass slope of -3.02 +- 0.06. The Besancon group also converging to a similar IMF even though their observational sample being quite different to ours shows that the forward modelling technique is a powerful diagnostic to test theoretical concepts like the local field star IMF.

Rybizki, Jan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Exponential separations for one-way quantum communication complexity, with applications to cryptography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give an exponential separation between one-way quantum and classical communication protocols for a partial Boolean function (a variant of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem of Bar-Yossef et al.) Earlier such an exponential separation was known only for a relational problem. The communication problem corresponds to a \\emph{strong extractor} that fails against a small amount of \\emph{quantum} information about its random source. Our proof uses the Fourier coefficients inequality of Kahn, Kalai, and Linial. We also give a number of applications of this separation. In particular, we show that there are privacy amplification schemes that are secure against classical adversaries but not against quantum adversaries; and we give the first example of a key-expansion scheme in the model of bounded-storage cryptography that is secure against classical memory-bounded adversaries but not against quantum ones.

Dmitry Gavinsky; Julia Kempe; Iordanis Kerenidis; Ran Raz; Ronald de Wolf

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

294

CN ANOMALIES IN THE HALO SYSTEM AND THE ORIGIN OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IN THE MILKY WAY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the kinematics and orbital properties of a sample of red giants in the halo system of the Milky Way that are thought to have formed in globular clusters based on their anomalously strong UV/blue CN bands. The orbital parameters of the CN-strong halo stars are compared to those of the inner- and outer-halo populations as described by Carollo et al., and to the orbital parameters of globular clusters with well-studied Galactic orbits. The CN-strong field stars and the globular clusters both exhibit kinematics and orbital properties similar to the inner-halo population, indicating that stripped or destroyed globular clusters could be a significant source of inner-halo field stars, and suggesting that both the CN-strong stars and the majority of globular clusters are primarily associated with this population.

Carollo, Daniela [Department of Physics and Astronomy-Astronomy, Astrophysics and Astrophotonic Research Center Macquarie University-North Ryde, 2109 NSW (Australia); Martell, Sarah L. [Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, 2109 NSW (Australia); Beers, Timothy C. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Freeman, Ken C., E-mail: daniela.carollo@mq.edu.au, E-mail: smartell@aao.gov.au, E-mail: beers@noao.edu, E-mail: kcf@mso.anu.edu.au [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University and Mount Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Evidence for dark matter in the inner Milky Way...Really?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The following is a comment on the recent letter by Iocco et al. (2015, arXiv:1502.03821) where the authors claim to have found "...convincing proof of the existence of dark matter...". The letter in question presents a compilation of recent rotation curve observations for the Milky Way, together with Newtonian rotation curve estimates based on recent baryonic matter distribution measurements. A mismatch between the former and the latter is then presented as "evidence for dark matter". Here we show that the reported discrepancy is the well known gravitational anomaly which consistently appears when dynamical accelerations approach the critical Milgrom acceleration a_0 = 1.2 \\times 10^{-10} m / s^2. Further, using a simple modified gravity force law, the baryonic models presented in Iocco et al. (2015), yield dynamics consistent with the observed rotation values.

Durazo, R; Mendoza, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Beta decay of 252Cf on the way to scission from the exit point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upon increasing significantly the nuclear elongation, the beta-decay energy grows. This paper investigates within a simple yet partly microscopic approach, the transition rate of the beta decay of the 252Cf nucleus on the way to scission from the exit point for a spontaneous fission process. A rather crude classical approximation is made for the corresponding damped collective motion assumed to be one dimensional. Given these assumptions, we only aim in this paper at providing the order of magnitudes of such a phenomenon. At each deformation the energy available for beta decay, is determined from such a dynamical treatment. Then, for a given elongation, transition rates for the allowed (Fermi) beta decay are calculated from pair correlated wave functions obtained within a macroscopic-microscopic approach and then integrated over the time corresponding to the whole descent from exit to scission. The results are presented as a function of the damping factor (inverse of the characteristic damping time) in use in...

Pomorski, K; Quentin, P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A novel way of constraining WIMPs annihilations in the Sun: MeV neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Annihilation of dark matter particles accumulated in the Sun would produce a flux of high-energy neutrinos whose prospects of detection in neutrino telescopes and detectors have been extensively discussed in the literature. However, for annihilations into Standard Model particles, there would also be a flux of neutrinos in the MeV range from the decays at rest of muons and positively charged pions. These low-energy neutrinos have never been considered before and they open the possibility to also constrain dark matter annihilation in the Sun into e{sup +}e{sup ?}, ?{sup +}?{sup ?} or light quarks. Here we perform a detailed analysis using the recent Super-Kamiokande data in the few tens of MeV range to set limits on the WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section for different annihilation channels and computing the evaporation rate of WIMPs from the Sun for all values of the scattering cross section in a consistent way.

Bernal, Nicols [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Institut, Universitt Bonn, Nuallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Martn-Albo, Justo; Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio, E-mail: nicolas@th.physik.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: justo.martin-albo@ific.uv.es, E-mail: sergio.palomares.ruiz@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Fsica Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC-Universitat de Valncia, Apartado de Correos 22085, E-46071 Valncia (Spain)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Behavior-Based Simulation Approach for the Capacity and Traffic Operational Characteristic Study of Four-Way-Stop-Controlled Intersections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of the proposed research is to study the traffic operational characteristics at four-way-stop-controlled (FWSC) intersections with single -lane approaches. Observational data were collected at six FWSC ...

Yin, Juan

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

299

Approved Moving Companies The order of appearance in no way indicates any preference. Newly hired employees should note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Moving Companies The order of appearance in no way indicates any preference. Newly hired before you contact a moving company. Use the contact information provided below, not the company websites

Barrash, Warren

300

A novel way of detecting transient cavitation near a solid surface during megasonic cleaning using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel way of detecting transient cavitation near a solid surface during megasonic cleaning using Keywords: Megasonic cleaning Transient cavitation Acoustic streaming Microelectrode Electrochemical to transient cavitation. Development of a method to monitor transient cavitation events in solutions irradiated

Deymier, Pierre

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

County looks at turning waste ash into money Two companies using grant to investigate ways to recycle incinerator byproduct  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County looks at turning waste ash into money Two companies using grant to investigate ways Ellen O'Connor. The research money totals $240,000. "Looking down the road and recognizing that waste

Columbia University

302

The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially reduce the energy used in buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 KTA@Bath Challenge The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially research and lead the education of highly skilled low carbon designers. These Centres will have strong

Burton, Geoffrey R.

303

CLUSTERING BETWEEN HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARIES AND OB ASSOCIATIONS IN THE MILKY WAY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first direct measurement of the spatial cross-correlation function of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) and active OB star-forming complexes in the Milky Way. This result relied on a sample containing 79 hard X-ray-selected HMXBs and 458 OB associations. Clustering between the two populations is detected with a significance above 7{sigma} for distances <1 kpc. Thus, HMXBs closely trace the underlying distribution of the massive star-forming regions that are expected to produce the progenitor stars of HMXBs. The average offset of 0.4 {+-} 0.2 kpc between HMXBs and OB associations is consistent with being due to natal kicks at velocities of the order of 100 {+-} 50 km s{sup -1}. The characteristic scale of the correlation function suggests an average kinematical age (since the supernova phase) of {approx}4 Myr for the HMXB population. Despite being derived from a global view of our Galaxy, these signatures of HMXB evolution are consistent with theoretical expectations as well as observations of individual objects.

Bodaghee, A.; Tomsick, J. A. [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Rodriguez, J. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU, Universite Paris Diderot, CNRS/INSU, CEA DSM/IRFU/SAp, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); James, J. B., E-mail: bodaghee@ssl.berkeley.edu [Dark Cosmology Centre, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Variable stars in the newly discovered Milky Way satellite in Bootes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present $V,I$ light curves for 12 variable stars identified in the newly discovered satellite of the Milky Way in the Bootes constellation (Belokurov et al. 2006).Our sample includes 11 RR Lyrae stars (5 first overtone, 5 fundamental mode and 1 double mode pulsator),and one long period variable close to the galaxy red giant branch tip. The RR Lyrae stars trace very well the average $V$ luminosity of the galaxy horizontal branch, leading to a true distance modulus for the galaxy of $\\mu_0$=19.11 $\\pm$ 0.08 mag for an assumed metal abundance of [Fe/H]=-2.5 (Monoz et al. 2006), and for $E(B-V)$=0.02 mag. Average periods are =0.69 d and =0.37 d for {\\it ab-} and {\\it c-} type RR Lyrae stars, respectively, making of Bootes the second pure Oosterhoff type II (OoII) dSph after Ursa Minor. The location of the double mode RR Lyrae (RRd) in the Petersen diagram is consistent with RRd stars in OoII clusters, and corresponds to an intrinsic luminosity of $log L/logL\\odot$=1.72 (for Z=10$^{-4}$ and M=0.80 M$\\odot$) according to Bono et al. (1996) pulsation models.

M. Dall'Ora; G. Clementini; K. Kinemuchi; V. Ripepi; M. Marconi; L. Di Fabrizio; C. Greco; C. T. Rodgers; C. Kuehn; H. A. Smith

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

305

THE ASSEMBLY OF MILKY-WAY-LIKE GALAXIES SINCE z {approx} 2.5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Galaxies with the mass of the Milky Way dominate the stellar mass density of the universe but it is uncertain how and when they were assembled. Here we study progenitors of these galaxies out to z = 2.5, using data from the 3D-HST and CANDELS Treasury surveys. We find that galaxies with present-day stellar masses of log (M) Almost-Equal-To 10.7 built {approx}90% of their stellar mass since z = 2.5, with most of the star formation occurring before z = 1. In marked contrast to the assembly history of massive elliptical galaxies, mass growth is not limited to large radii: the mass in the central 2 kpc of the galaxies increased by a factor of 3.2{sup +0.8}{sub -0.7} between z = 2.5 and z = 1. We therefore rule out simple models in which bulges were fully assembled at high redshift and disks gradually formed around them. Instead, bulges (and black holes) likely formed in lockstep with disks, through bar instabilities, migration, or other processes. We find that after z = 1 the growth in the central regions gradually stopped and the disk continued to be built up, consistent with recent studies of the gas distributions in z {approx} 1 galaxies and the properties of many spiral galaxies today.

Van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Leja, Joel; Nelson, Erica June; Skelton, Rosalind E.; Momcheva, Ivelina [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Patel, Shannon; Fumagalli, Mattia; Franx, Marijn; Labbe, Ivo [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands); Brammer, Gabriel [European Southern Observatory, Alonson de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Whitaker, Katherine E. [Astrophysics Science Division, Goddard Space Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lundgren, Britt [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Conroy, Charlie [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States); Foerster Schreiber, Natascha; Wuyts, Stijn [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Kriek, Mariska [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Marchesini, Danilo [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Rix, Hans-Walter; Van der Wel, Arjen [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

THE MASS DISTRIBUTION AND ASSEMBLY OF THE MILKY WAY FROM THE PROPERTIES OF THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a {Lambda}CDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2{sup +0.7}{sub -0.4} (stat.){sup +0.3}{sub -0.3} (sys.) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10 Gyr, we find a {approx}72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the last Gyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together.

Busha, Michael T.; Marshall, Philip J.; Wechsler, Risa H. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Klypin, Anatoly [Astronomy Department, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Primack, Joel, E-mail: mbusha@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: pjm@slac.stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu, E-mail: aklypin@nmsu.edu, E-mail: joel@ucsc.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

307

Beta decay of 252Cf on the way to scission from the exit point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upon increasing significantly the nuclear elongation, the beta-decay energy grows. This paper investigates within a simple yet partly microscopic approach, the transition rate of the beta decay of the 252Cf nucleus on the way to scission from the exit point for a spontaneous fission process. A rather crude classical approximation is made for the corresponding damped collective motion assumed to be one dimensional. Given these assumptions, we only aim in this paper at providing the order of magnitudes of such a phenomenon. At each deformation the energy available for beta decay, is determined from such a dynamical treatment. Then, for a given elongation, transition rates for the allowed (Fermi) beta decay are calculated from pair correlated wave functions obtained within a macroscopic-microscopic approach and then integrated over the time corresponding to the whole descent from exit to scission. The results are presented as a function of the damping factor (inverse of the characteristic damping time) in use in our classical dynamical approach. For instance, in the case of a descent time from the exit to the scission points of about $10^{- 20}$ second, one finds a total rate of beta decay corresponding roughly to 20 events per year and per milligram of 252Cf. The inclusion of pairing correlations does not affect much these results.

K. Pomorski; B. Nerlo-Pomorska; P. Quentin

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Center of the Milky Way from Radio to X-rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize basic observational results on Sagittarius~A* obtained from the radio, infrared and X-ray domain. Infrared observations have revealed that a dusty S-cluster object (DSO/G2) passes by SgrA*, the central super-massive black hole of the Milky Way. It is still expected that this event will give rise to exceptionally intense activity in the entire electromagnetic spectrum. Based on February to September 2014 SINFONI observations. The detection of spatially compact and red-shifted hydrogen recombination line emission allows a new estimate of the orbital parameters of the DSO. We have not detected strong pre-pericenter blue-shifted or post-pericenter red-shifted emission above the noise level at the position of SgrA* or upstream the orbit. The periapse position was reached in May 2014. Our 2004-2012 infrared polarization statistics shows that SgrA* must be a very stable system - both in terms of geometrical orientation of a jet or accretion disk and in terms of the variability spectrum which must be lin...

Eckart, A; Shahzamanian, B; Garcia-Marin, M; Peissker, F; Zajacek, M; Parsa, M; Jalali, B; Saalfeld, R; Sabha, N; Yazic, S; Karssen, G D; Borkar, A; Markakis, K; Straubmeier, C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Oil and the American Way of Life: Don't Ask, Don't Tell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the coming decades, US consumers will face a series of important decisions about oil. To make effective decisions, consumers must confront some disturbing answers to questions they would rather not ask. These questions include: is the US running out of oil, is the world running out of oil, is OPEC increasing its grip on prices, is the US economy reducing its dependence on energy, and will the competitive market address these issues in a timely fashion? Answers to these questions indicate that the market will not address these issues: the US has already run out of inexpensive sources of oil such that rising prices no longer elicit significant increases in supply. The US experience implies that within a couple of decades, the world oil market will change from increasing supply at low prices to decreasing supply at higher prices. As the world approaches this important turning point, OPEC will strengthen its grip on world oil prices. Contrary to popular belief, the US economy continues to be highly dependent on energy, especially inexpensive sources of energy. Together, these trends threaten to undermine the basic way in which the US economy generates a high standard of living.

Kaufmann, Robert (Boston University) [Boston University

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The power spectrum of the Milky Way: Velocity fluctuations in the Galactic disk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the kinematics of stars in the mid-plane of the Milky Way on scales between 25 pc and 10 kpc with data from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE), and the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey (GCS). Using red-clump stars in APOGEE, we determine the large-scale line-of-sight velocity field out to 5 kpc from the Sun in (0.75 kpc)^2 bins. The solar motion is the largest contribution to the power on large scales after subtracting an axisymmetric rotation field; we determine the solar motion by minimizing the large-scale power to be V_sun = 24+/-1 (ran.)+/-2 (syst [V_c])+/-5 (syst. [large-scale]) km/s, where the systematic uncertainty is due to (a) a conservative 20 km/s uncertainty in V_c and (b) the estimated power on unobserved larger scales. Combining the APOGEE peculiar-velocity field with red-clump stars in RAVE out to 2 kpc from the Sun and with local GCS stars, we determine the power spectrum of residual velocity fluctuations in the Mi...

Bovy, Jo; Prez, Ana E Garca; Zasowski, Gail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Smith's Cloud: A High-velocity Cloud Colliding with the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New 21cm HI observations made with the Green Bank Telescope show that the high-velocity cloud known as Smith's Cloud has a striking cometary appearance and many indications of interaction with the Galactic ISM. The velocities of interaction give a kinematic distance of 12.4 +/-1.3 kpc, consistent with the distance derived from other methods. The Cloud is >3 x 1 kpc in size and its tip at (l,b)=(39 deg,-13 deg) is 7.6 kpc from the Galactic center and 2.9 kpc below the Galactic plane. It has greater than 10^6 M solar masses in HI. Its leading section has a total space velocity near 300 km/s, is moving toward the Galactic plane with a velocity of 73+/-26 km/s, and is shedding material to the Galaxy. In the absence of drag the Cloud will cross the plane in about 27 Myr. Smith's Cloud may be an example of the accretion of gas by the Milky Way needed to explain certain persistent anomalies in Galactic chemical evolution.

Lockman, Felix J; Heroux, A J; Langston, Glen I

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Smith's Cloud: A High-velocity Cloud Colliding with the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New 21cm HI observations made with the Green Bank Telescope show that the high-velocity cloud known as Smith's Cloud has a striking cometary appearance and many indications of interaction with the Galactic ISM. The velocities of interaction give a kinematic distance of 12.4 +/-1.3 kpc, consistent with the distance derived from other methods. The Cloud is >3 x 1 kpc in size and its tip at (l,b)=(39 deg,-13 deg) is 7.6 kpc from the Galactic center and 2.9 kpc below the Galactic plane. It has greater than 10^6 M solar masses in HI. Its leading section has a total space velocity near 300 km/s, is moving toward the Galactic plane with a velocity of 73+/-26 km/s, and is shedding material to the Galaxy. In the absence of drag the Cloud will cross the plane in about 27 Myr. Smith's Cloud may be an example of the accretion of gas by the Milky Way needed to explain certain persistent anomalies in Galactic chemical evolution.

Felix J. Lockman; Robert A. Benjamin; A. J. Heroux; Glen I. Langston

2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Oxygen Abundances in the Milky Way Using X-ray Absorption Measurements Towards Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the oxygen abundance of the Milky Way's ISM by observing the K-shell X-ray photoionization edge towards galaxy clusters. This effect is most easily observed towards objects with galactic columns (n_H) of a few times 1e21 cm^-2. We measure X-ray column densities towards 11 clusters and find that at high galactic columns above approximately 1e21 cm^-2 the X-ray columns are generally 1.5--3.0 times greater than the 21 cm H II columns, indicating that molecular clouds become an important contributor to n_H at higher columns. We find the average ISM oxygen abundance to be (O/H) = (4.85 +/- 0.06) x 10^-4, or 0.99 solar when using the most recent solar photospheric values. Since X-ray observations are sensitive to the total amount of oxygen present (gas + dust), these results indicate a high gas to dust ratio. Also, the oxygen abundances along lines of sight through high galactic columns (n_H) are the same as abundances through low columns, suggesting that the composition of denser clouds is similar to that of the more diffuse ISM.

Wayne H. Baumgartner; Richard F. Mushotzky

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

314

THE FIRST DETECTION OF BLUE STRAGGLER STARS IN THE MILKY WAY BULGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first detections of Blue Straggler Stars (BSS) in the bulge of the Milky Way. Proper motions from extensive space-based observations along a single sight line allow us to separate a sufficiently clean and well-characterized bulge sample such that we are able to detect a small population of bulge objects in the region of the color-magnitude diagram commonly occupied by young objects and blue stragglers. Variability measurements of these objects clearly establish that a fraction of them are blue stragglers. Out of the 42 objects found in this region of the color-magnitude diagram, we estimate that at least 18 are genuine BSS. We normalize the BSS population by our estimate of the number of horizontal branch stars in the bulge in order to compare the bulge to other stellar systems. The BSS fraction is clearly discrepant from that found in stellar clusters. The blue straggler population of dwarf spheroidals remains a subject of debate; some authors claim an anticorrelation between the normalized blue straggler fraction and integrated light. If this trend is real, then the bulge may extend it by three orders of magnitude in mass. Conversely, we find that the genuinely young (<5 Gyr) population in the bulge, must be at most 3.4% under the most conservative scenario for the BSS population.

Clarkson, W. I.; Rich, R. Michael [Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, 430 Portola Plaza, Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Sahu, Kailash C.; Anderson, Jay; Smith, T. Ed.; Brown, Thomas M.; Bond, Howard E.; Livio, Mario [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Minniti, Dante; Zoccali, Manuela [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontifica Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Santiago (Chile); Renzini, Alvio, E-mail: wiclarks@indiana.edu [INAF-Osservatorio di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova (Italy)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Discovery of an Unbound Hyper-Velocity Star in the Milky Way Halo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have discovered a star, SDSS J090745.0+024507, leaving the Galaxy with a heliocentric radial velocity of +853+-12 km/s, the largest velocity ever observed in the Milky Way halo. The star is either a hot blue horizontal branch star or a B9 main sequence star with a heliocentric distance ~55 kpc. Corrected for the solar reflex motion and to the local standard of rest, the Galactic rest-frame velocity is +709 km/s. Because its radial velocity vector points 173.8 deg from the Galactic center, we suggest that this star is the first example of a hyper-velocity star ejected from the Galactic center as predicted by Hills and later discussed by Yu & Tremaine. The star has [Fe/H]~0, consistent with a Galactic center origin, and a travel time of <80 Myr from the Galactic center, consistent with its stellar lifetime. If the star is indeed traveling from the Galactic center, it should have a proper motion of 0.3 mas/yr observable with GAIA. Identifying additional hyper-velocity stars throughout the halo will constrain the production rate history of hyper-velocity stars at the Galactic center.

Warren R. Brown; Margaret J. Geller; Scott J. Kenyon; Michael J. Kurtz

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Swift X-ray monitoring campaign of the center of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2006 February, shortly after its launch, Swift began monitoring the center of the Milky Way with the onboard X-Ray Telescope using short 1-ks exposures performed every 1-4 days. Between 2006 and 2014, over 1200 observations have been obtained, amounting to ~1.2 Ms of exposure time. This has yielded a wealth of information about the long-term X-ray behavior of the supermassive black hole Sgr A*, and numerous transient X-ray binaries that are located within the 25'x25' region covered by the campaign. In this review we highlight the discoveries made during these first nine years, which includes 1) the detection of seven bright X-ray flares from Sgr A*, 2) the discovery of the magnetar SGR J1745-29, 3) the first systematic analysis of the outburst light curves and energetics of the peculiar class of very-faint X-ray binaries, 4) the discovery of three new transient X-ray sources, 5) exposing low-level accretion in otherwise bright X-ray binaries, and 6) the identification of a candidate X-ray binary/millisecon...

Degenaar, N; Miller, J M; Reynolds, M T; Kennea, J; Gehrels, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

On the way to creating a system of distant power supply for space vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar energy is the most suitable basis for power supply for the majority of projects in the near-Earth space. Passing on to the large-scale space-based systems of power supply requires putting into life demonstration experiments in which power transmission by electromagnetic emission is supposed. In the paper the expedience of developing an autonomous power module which provides the possibility of space programs with great power consumption and wireless transmission system running-up is proved. Ukraine can design a solar power satellite of 10-20kW power on the basis of the research satellite AUOS-SM. Two variants of design solutions for such satellite with solar arrays of great area are presented. Power transmission to the space vehicle-consumer can be conducted by cable as well as in a wireless way. The possibilities of placing microwave and laser energy transmission systems on board the satellite are analysed. It is shown that a power supply system for space vehicles with transmission distance of thousands km can be designed basing on modern lasers. Some experiments making use of great electric power generated by the plant of the satellite under consideration are proposed. The running-up of electric thrusters which are necessary for orientation and distancing is of great interest. Wireless power transmission may be carried on to a small satellite equipped with electric thrusters. 26 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Prisniakov, V.F.; Lyagushin, S.F.; Statsenko, I.N. [Dniepropetrovsk State Univ. (Ukraine)] [Dniepropetrovsk State Univ. (Ukraine); Dranovsky, V.I. [Design Enterprise `Pivdenne`, Dniepropetrovsk (Ukraine)] [Design Enterprise `Pivdenne`, Dniepropetrovsk (Ukraine)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Carrier-phase Two-Way Satellite Frequency Transfer over a Very Long Baseline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we report that carrier-phase two-way satellite time and frequency transfer (TWSTFT) was successfully demonstrated over a very long baseline of 9,000 km, established between the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). We verified that the carrier-phase TWSTFT (TWCP) result agreed with those obtained by conventional TWSTFT and GPS carrier-phase (GPSCP) techniques. Moreover, a much improved short-term instability for frequency transfer of $2\\times10^{-13}$ at 1 s was achieved, which is at the same level as previously confirmed over a shorter baseline within Japan. The precision achieved was so high that the effects of ionospheric delay became significant which are ignored in conventional TWSTFT even over a long link. We compensated for these effects using ionospheric delays computed from regional vertical total electron content maps. The agreement between the TWCP and GPSCP results was improved because of this compe...

Fujieda, M; Gotoh, T; Becker, J; Aida, M; Bauch, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The RAVE survey: the Galactic escape speed and the mass of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct new estimates on the Galactic escape speed at various Galactocentric radii using the latest data release of the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE DR4). Compared to previous studies we have a database larger by a factor of 10 as well as reliable distance estimates for almost all stars. Our analysis is based on the statistical analysis of a rigorously selected sample of 90 high-velocity halo stars from RAVE and a previously published data set. We calibrate and extensively test our method using a suite of cosmological simulations of the formation of Milky Way-sized galaxies. Our best estimate of the local Galactic escape speed, which we define as the minimum speed required to reach three virial radii R340, is 537 +59 -43 km/s (90% confidence) with an additional 5% systematic uncertainty, where R340 is the Galactocentric radius encompassing a mean overdensity of 340 times the critical density for closure in the Universe. From the escape speed we further derive estimates of the mass of the Galaxy using...

Piffl, Til; Binney, James; Steinmetz, Matthias; Scholz, Ralf-Dieter; Williams, Mary E K; de Jong, Roelof S; Kordopatis, Georges; Matijevic, Gal; Bienayme, Olivier; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Boeche, Corrado; Freeman, Ken; Gibson, Brad; Gilmore, Gerald; Grebel, Eva K; Helmi, Amina; Munari, Ulisse; Navarro, Julio F; Parker, Quentin; Reid, Warren A; Seabroke, George; Watson, Fred; Wyse, Rosemary F G; Zwitter, Tomaz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Cygnus OB2 - a young globular cluster in the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The morphology and stellar content of the Cygnus OB2 association has been determined using 2MASS infrared observations in the J, H, and K bands. The analysis reveals a spherically symmetric association of 2 deg in diameter with a half light radius of 13', corresponding to Rh = 6.4 pc at an assumed distance of 1.7 kpc. The interstellar extinction for member stars ranges from Av = 5m to 20m, which led to a considerable underestimation of the association size and richness in former optical studies. From the infrared colour-magnitude diagram, the number of OB member stars is estimated to 2600 +/- 400, while the number of O stars amounts to 120 +/- 20. This is the largest number of O stars ever found in a galactic massive star association. The slope of the initial mass function has been determined from the colour-magnitude diagram to Gamma=-1.6 +/- 0.1. The total mass of Cyg OB2 is estimated to (4-10)*10^4 Msol, where the primary uncertainty comes from the unknown lower mass cut-off. Using the radial density profile of the association, the central mass density is determined to rho0=40-150 Msol pc^-3. Considering the mass, density, and size of Cyg OB2 it seems untenable to classify this object still as OB association. Cygnus OB2 more closely resembles a young globular cluster like those observed in the Large Magellanic Cloud or in extragalactic star forming regions. It is therefore suggested to re-classify Cygnus OB2 as young globular cluster - an idea which goes back to Reddish et al. (1966). Cygnus OB2 would then be the first object of this class in the Milky Way.

J. Knodlseder

2000-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

On the metallicity of the Milky Way thin disc and photometric abundance scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mean metallicity of the Milky Way thin disc in the solar neighbourhood is still a matter of debate, and has recently been subject to upward revision (Haywood, 2001). Our star sample was drawn from a set of solar neighbourhood dwarfs with photometric metallicities. In a recent study, Reid (2002) suggests that our metallicity calibration, based on Geneva photometry, is biased. We show here that the effect detected by Reid is not a consequence of our adopted metallicity scale, and we confirm that our findings are robust. On the contrary, the application to Stromgren photometry of the Schuster & Nissen metallicity scale is problematic. Systematic discrepancies of about 0.1 to 0.3 dex affect the photometric metallicity determination of metal rich stars, on the colour interval 0.22< b-y <0.59, i.e including F and G stars. For F stars, it is shown that this is a consequence of a mismatch between the standard sequence m_1(b-y) of the Hyades used by Schuster & Nissen to calibrate their metallicity scale, and the system of Olsen (1993, 1994ab). It means that although Schuster & Nissen calibration and Olsen photometry are intrinsically correct, there are mutually incompatible for metal rich, F-type stars. For G stars, the discrepancy is most probably the continuation of the same problem, albeit worthen by the lack of spectroscopic calibrating stars. A corrected calibration is proposed which renders the calibration of Schuster & Nissen applicable to the catalogues of Olsen. We also give a simpler calibration referenced to the Hyades sequence, valid over the same color and metallicity ranges.

M. Haywood

2002-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Test Stand for Ion Sources of Ultimate Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rationale behind the ITUR project is to perform a comparison between different kinds of H{sup -} ion sources using the same beam diagnostics setup. In particular, a direct comparison will be made in terms of the emittance characteristics of Penning Type sources such as those currently in use in the injector for the ISIS (UK) Pulsed Neutron Source and those of volumetric type such as that driving the injector for the ORNL Spallation Neutron Source (TN, U.S.A.). The endeavour here pursued is thus to build an Ion Source Test Stand where virtually any type of source can be tested and its features measured and, thus compared to the results of other sources under the same gauge. It would be possible then to establish a common ground for effectively comparing different ion sources. The long term objectives are thus to contribute towards building compact sources of minimum emittance, maximum performance, high reliability-availability, high percentage of desired particle production, stability and high brightness. The project consortium is lead by Tekniker-IK4 research centre and partners are companies Elytt Energy and Jema Group. The technical viability is guaranteed by the collaboration between the project consortium and several scientific institutions, such the CSIC (Spain), the University of the Basque Country (Spain), ISIS (STFC-UK), SNS (ORNL-USA) and CEA in Saclay (France)

Enparantza, R.; Uriarte, L.; Romano, P.; Alonso, J.; Ariz, I.; Egiraun, M. [Fundacion Tekniker-IK4, Eibar (Spain); Bermejo, F. J.; Etxebarria, V. [University of the Basque Country, Dpt. Electricity and Electronics, Leioa, Spain, and Consejo Superior de Investgaciones Cientificas, Inst. Estructura de la Materia (Spain); Lucas, J. [Elytt Energy, Portugalete (Spain); Del Rio, J. M. [Jema Group, Lasarte (Spain); Letchford, A.; Faircloth, D. [ISIS Accelerator Division, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot (United Kingdom); Stockli, M. [Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Lab, Oak Ridge (United States)

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Big Questions: The Ultimate Building Blocks of Matter  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Standard Model of particle physics treats quarks and leptons as having no size at all. Quarks are found inside protons and neutrons and the most familiar lepton is the electron. While the best measurements to date support that idea, there is circumstantial evidence that suggests that perhaps the these tiny particles might be composed of even smaller building blocks. This video explains this circumstantial evidence and introduces some very basic ideas of what those building blocks might be.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Ultimate Messier Object Log PDF Enter Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) Viewing Time Comments Notes Date seen Supernova remnantType Seen? 16Marathon Order # 8.4 Magnitude Crab Comments Notes Date seen Globular ClusterType Seen? 107Marathon Order # 6.5 Magnitude N/AName (if any Chart Page(s) Viewing Time Comments Notes Date seen Globular ClusterType Seen? 48Marathon Order # 6

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

326

Novel Materials Become Multifunctional at the Ultimate Quantum...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the limits of current conventional computers and develop multiple functions for a single device, possibly allowing everyday electronics to become smaller and faster than they are...

327

Dulye Leadership Experience The Ultimate Professional Development Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experience Do YOU have what it takes to join the team? Find out more at dle.dulye.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DulyeLeadershipExperience Twitter: DLE4SU #12;Dulye Leadership Experience Program Overview Dulye Leadership Experience The Dulye Leadership Experience (DLE) is a full scholarship, professional development program for Syracuse University

Crowston, Kevin

328

EURISOL Design Study : Towards an Ultimate ISOL Facility for Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract of invited talk at Franco-Japanese Symposium: New Paradigms in Nuclear Physics.Paris, France, Sept.29 - Oct.2, 2008

Blumenfeld, Y; Butler, P; Cornell, J; Fortuna, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Ultimate disposal of low and medium radioactive waste in France  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) has been entrusted with the long-term management of radioactive waste. This paper presents the methodology of safety assessment used by ANDRA for a land disposal facility of radioactive waste with short or medium half-life and with low or medium specific activity. This methodology was used in the design of ``the Centre de stockage de l`Aube``.

Ringeard, C. [National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, Fontenay aux Roses (France). Environmental, Safety, Quality Dept.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Legacy of Rolf Hagedorn: Statistical Bootstrap and Ultimate Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the latter half of the last century, it became evident that there exists an ever increasing number of different states of the so-called elementary particles. The usual reductionist approach to this problem was to search for a simpler infrastructure, culminating in the formulation of the quark model and quantum chromodynamics. In a complementary, completely novel approach, Hagedorn suggested that the mass distribution of the produced particles follows a self-similar composition pattern, predicting an unbounded number of states of increasing mass. He then concluded that such a growth would lead to a limiting temperature for strongly interacting matter. We discuss the conceptual basis for this approach, its relation to critical behavior, and its subsequent applications in different areas of high energy physics.

Redlich, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Big Questions: The Ultimate Building Blocks of Matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Standard Model of particle physics treats quarks and leptons as having no size at all. Quarks are found inside protons and neutrons and the most familiar lepton is the electron. While the best measurements to date support that idea, there is circumstantial evidence that suggests that perhaps the these tiny particles might be composed of even smaller building blocks. This video explains this circumstantial evidence and introduces some very basic ideas of what those building blocks might be.

Lincoln, Don

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

332

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEMS ULTIMATE LIGHTING The Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Holistic Integrated Design) · Sensors as or more important than LEDs · Interconnected systems (human, building, grid) · Artistic Design Freedom · Illumination just not white · Fusion of Video and Illumination (Collapsing) Materials Processes Devices Materials & Subsystems Materials & Subsystems Integration Full

Linhardt, Robert J.

333

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEMS ULTIMATE LIGHTING The Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration (Holistic Integrated Design) · Sensors as important as LEDs · Interconnected systems (human, building, grid) · Artistic Design Freedom · Lighting is Health, Entertainment, Information and Illumination Cost at any brightness · Chip level integrated electronics THE ERC RESEARCH COVERS THE ENTIRE SUPPLY

Linhardt, Robert J.

334

Spotlight on Michigan: Sweeping the State for Ultimate Success | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage » SearchEnergyDepartmentScopingOverview * Analyzer I nstrument aTimeof

335

THERMAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS ON ULTIMATE HEAT SINKS - COOLING PONDS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation In closing, an overarchingInformation

336

On the ultimate fate of AM Her stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest, that the magnetic field of the white dwarf in AM Her systems loses coupling to the secondary star when the latter becomes non-magnetic at the transition from a late main sequence star to a cool degenerate brown dwarf. This leads to spin-up of the primary white dwarf. After synchronous rotation is lost the systems do not appear as AM Her stars anymore. We discuss the further evolution of such systems.

F. Meyer; E. Meyer-Hofmeister

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

337

T:\\013.ffentlichkeitsarbeit\\05.Vortrge\\32.NAWTEC 11 Florida 2003\\A_Ways to Improve the Efficiency of Waste to Energy Plants.doc Ways to Improve the Efficiency of Waste to Energy Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Waste to Energy Plants.doc Ways to Improve the Efficiency of Waste to Energy Plants for the Production@mvr-hh.de Abstract Up to now the emissions of waste-to-energy plants have been of major concern for the operators about CO2 reductions the efficiency of today's Waste to Energy (WTE) plants should be improved, even

Columbia University

338

HPCwire: Ten Ways to Fool the Masses When Giving Performance Results on GPUs http://www.hpcwire.com/hpcwire/2011-12-13/ten_ways_to_fool_the_masses_when_giving_performance_results_on_gpus.html[12/14/2011 4:07:15 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supercomputing powerhouse. Read more... Living Earth Simulator: The Ultimate HPC Big Data Application Dec 05 utilizing 32-bit SIMD arithmetic). 2. Don't time data movement or kernel-invocation overhead. Copying data. Hence, to make GPUs look good, be sure to start the clock after all of the program's data have already

Pakin, Scott

339

Gene therapy rescues photoreceptor blindness in dogs and paves the way for treating human X-linked  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gene therapy rescues photoreceptor blindness in dogs and paves the way for treating human X to treated areas. Both rod and cone photoreceptor function were greater in treated (three of four) than mislocalization in treated areas expressing human RPGR protein in rods and cones. Postreceptoral remodeling

Bushman, Frederic

340

Studying technology will change the way you think and expand your opportunities. Our students and faculty are breaking new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studying technology will change the way you think and expand your opportunities. Our students information technology. SCHOOL OF INFORMATICS AND COMPUTING Undergraduate Programs #12;Make your future with the School of Informatics and Computing Technology is everywhere. In today's world, everyone needs

Indiana University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

3.55 keV photon lines from axion to photon conversion in the Milky Way and M31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We further explore a scenario in which the recently observed 3.55 keV photon line arises from dark matter decay to an axion-like particle (ALP) of energy 3.55 keV, which then converts to a photon in astrophysical magnetic fields. This ALP scenario is well-motivated by the observed morphology of the 3.55 keV flux. For this scenario we study the expected flux from dark matter decay in the galactic halos of both the Milky Way and Andromeda (M31). The Milky Way magnetic field is asymmetric about the galactic centre, and so the resulting 3.55 keV flux morphology differs significantly from the case of direct dark matter decay to photons. However the Milky Way magnetic field is not large enough to generate an observable signal, even with ASTRO-H. In contrast, M31 has optimal conditions for ALP to photon conversion and the intrinsic signal from M31 becomes two orders of magnitude larger than for the Milky Way, comparable to that from clusters and consistent with observations.

Joseph P. Conlon; Francesca V. Day

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

342

84Unit Conversions Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what property is being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kilowatt- hour (1 kWh)? Problem 4 ­ How many ergs of energy are collected from a solar panel on a roof, if the sunlight provides a flux of 300 Joules/sec/meter 2 , the solar panels have an area of 27 square feet84Unit Conversions ­ Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what

343

Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can but it gets better than that! If your structure contains a chrial center then any space group that has a mirror or an inversion operation can be rejected. Of the 230 space groups only 74 space groups

Meagher, Mary

344

EA-1629: Herbicide Application within Transmission Line Rights-of-Way in the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest, Arkansas  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of the Interior, U.S. Forest Service, with DOEs Southwestern Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of applying herbicide within transmission line rights-of-way in the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest in Arkansas. NOTE: SWPA's involvement in this EA has ended.

345

Natural Climate Insurance for Pacific Northwest Salmon and Salmon Fisheries: Finding our way through the Entangled Bank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Natural Climate Insurance for Pacific Northwest Salmon and Salmon Fisheries: Finding our way) Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Oceans/School of Marine Affairs Climate Impacts and Fisheries Sciences, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195-5020; email: bfrancis@u.washington.edu Submitted to an AFS

Mantua, Nathan

346

Water is vital to our community, our way of life, our children's future, and the livelihood of genera-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water is vital to our community, our way of life, our children's future, and the livelihood water sources. If you would like to participate in decisions which may affect the quality of life meeting times and agendas. This report was prepared by the City of Bozeman Water Treatment Plant person

Maxwell, Bruce D.

347

Sustainable Ways to Community Prosperity 29 March 2012, 9:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and exchange ideas about sustainable ways to: Reduce our dependence on foreign oil; Increase our energy the municipality of Thisted that is almost fossil fuel free now; the island of Samsø that achieved energy self-sufficiency in a decade's time; and the island of Bornholm that is a new green laboratory focused on electric cars, solar

Acton, Scott

348

ESA Workshop on Aerospace EMC Florence, Italy / 30 March 1 April 2009 A NOVEL WAY OF USING REVERBERATION CHAMBERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESA Workshop on Aerospace EMC Florence, Italy / 30 March ­ 1 April 2009 A NOVEL WAY OF USING of facility, among others, are often used nowadays for high frequency EMC radiated-immunity tests of using RCs for EMC testing with the generation of high-intensity deterministic temporal wavefronts inside

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

349

Development of a right-of-way cost estimation and cost estimate management process framework for highway projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Escalation of right-of-way (ROW) costs have been shown to be a prime contributor to project cost escalation in the highway industry. Two problems contribute to ROW cost escalation: 1) the ROW cost estimation and cost estimate management process...

Lucas, Matthew Allen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

INTERNING IN PRAGUE In today's competitive market, having an international internship on your resume is an excellent way to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resume is an excellent way to attract future employment interviews and opportunities. An international also send your resume, with some strong references, to us at esac@goesac.com. We will then submit your resume to different firms here in Prague to get you approved. We have a number of very well established

Virginia Tech

351

Mapping two-way grids onto free-form surfaces P. Winslow S. Pellegrino S.B. Sharma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping two-way grids onto free-form surfaces P. Winslow S. Pellegrino S.B. Sharma Department, however existing techniques focus on relatively simple geometrical rules and algorithms to map a grid onto in the Millennium Dome, London . Use of a grid structure, consisting of a lattice of rods (see Figure 1) may be more

Pellegrino, Sergio

352

The Evolving ISM in the Milky Way & Nearby Galaxies ISM Theory: Gas Phases, Turbulence, and Star Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fills much of the volume near the Galactic midplan, and cold atomic gas, which is organized into denseThe Evolving ISM in the Milky Way & Nearby Galaxies ISM Theory: Gas Phases, Turbulence, and Star modeling efforts have begun to take into account the effects of multiscale, time- dependent processes

353

DISCOVERY OF A NEW LOW-LATITUDE MILKY WAY GLOBULAR CLUSTER USING GLIMPSE Henry A. Kobulnicky,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Monson,1 B. A. Buckalew,1 J. M. Darnel,1 B. Uzpen,1 M. R. Meade,2 B. L. Babler,2 R. Indebetouw,2 B. A be a new member of the collection of $150 (Harris 1996) Milky Way globular clusters. We refer to this ob

Clemens, Dan

354

Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-Chuan Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-occurrence framework for ranking and select- ing Deep Web sources that provide information relevant to users requirement. Given the huge number of heterogeneous Deep Web data sources, the end users may not know

Li, Chengkai

355

Bailing out the Milky Way: variation in the properties of massive dwarfs among galaxy-sized systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent kinematical constraints on the internal densities of the Milky Way's dwarf satellites have revealed a discrepancy with the subhalo populations of simulated Galaxy-scale halos in the standard cold dark matter model of hierarchical structure formation. In particular, the Via Lactea II and Aquarius simulations both have large subhalos with internal densities that are larger than the constraints inferred for any Milky Way dwarf satellites. This has been dubbed the ''too big to fail'' problem, with reference to the improbability of large and invisible companions existing in the Galactic environment. In this paper, we argue that both the Milky Way observations and simulated subhalos are consistent with the predictions of the standard model for structure formation. Specifically, we show that there is significant variation in the properties of subhalos among distinct host halos of fixed mass and suggest that this can reasonably account for the deficit of dense satellites in the Milky Way. We exploit well-tested analytic techniques to predict the properties in a large sample of distinct host halos with a variety of masses spanning the range expected of the Galactic halo. Such techniques render the problem of estimating the variance in subhalo properties computationally feasible. The analytic model produces subhalo populations consistent with both Via Lactea II and Aquarius, and our results suggest that natural variation in subhalo properties suffices to explain the discrepancy between Milky Way satellite kinematics and these numerical simulations. At least ? 10% of Milky Way-sized halos host subhalo populations for which there is no ''too big to fail'' problem, even when the host halo mass is as large as M{sub host} = 10{sup 12.2} h{sup ?1} M{sub s}un. Follow-up studies consisting of high-resolution simulations of a large number of Milky Way-sized hosts are necessary to confirm our predictions. In the absence of such efforts, the ''too big to fail'' problem does not appear to be a significant challenge to the standard model of cold dark matter halos undergoing hierarchical formation.

Purcell, Chris W.; Zentner, Andrew R., E-mail: cpurcell@pitt.edu, E-mail: zentner@pitt.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Pittsburgh Particle physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), University of Pittsburgh, 15260 Pittsburgh U.S.A. (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

International Journal of Chemistry; 2013[02] ISSN 2306-6415 Preservation Ways and Energy Consumption in Oil Refinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Preservation increase and energy return is one of the effective tools in saving. Studies show that energy consumption for each productive crude oil barred is dependence on the refinery complicated in reconfiguration of forge. Energy recovery increase in refinery over time that is due to economic factors like consumption fuel increase, it means that return increase is consistent with fuel price. It developed use of crude oil capability, distillation products in modern refinery. Modern refinery recovery dead to 10 to 15 % saving in energy consumption, Modern refinery.can developed energy return in several ways such as: Thermal exchange increase between processes streams, effective hydro exchange in process units, use of heaters with high thermal return and use of gas turbines with preheated air and produce steam of waste thermal. This paper investigates management ways and energy consumption recovery in different parts of oil refinery.

Amir Samimi

357

Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a language other than English. For the present study, Spanish was the first language of instruction, with an increasing amount of instruction in English as the students progressed through fifth grade. Kindergarten and first grade instruction... in Texas, with approximately 20 students from each program. The students from each two-way dual language program had been in the program since kindergarten or first grade. In addition, my study only investigated the ELLs? Spanish and English reading...

Cox, Nano Kathleen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

36 ways to save energy and money - right now! Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) (Fact Sheet)  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste and Materials2014 Chief Freedom ofDepartmentto Texas, ways to save energy

359

The Way Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draws together findings from the chain of analyses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, distinguishing between the relative significance of different scenarios, impacts, and adaptations, and highlighting recommendations for research, ...

Yu, Winston

360

FINNIGAN WAY EAST BOULEVARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Storage (Future Home of think[box]) Horsburg Wood Sears Tower Robbins Pytte Van Horn Field Wind Turbine Mt Tower Open Fall, 2015 New Residence Hall Storrs Pierce Cutler Hitchcock House 7 House 6 House 5 House 4

Rollins, Andrew M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

FINNIGAN WAY EAST BOULEVARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tower Robbins Pytte Van Horn Field Wind Turbine Mt. Sinai Skills and Simulation Center Jack, Joseph Smith Taft Taplin Clarke Tower Storrs Pierce Cutler Hitchcock House 7 House 6 House 5 House 4 House 3

Rollins, Andrew M.

362

The Way Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they were in. McCoy and Spock stood at the door of the "Erotic Interlude", one of Ontero's most renown houses of prostitution. It was only five stories high, walls painted a blood red, large windows on the upper floors, barred, drapes drawn across them.... The lights were just coming on and row after row of buildings became awash with vibrant reds, oranees and yellows blinking in the dusk. There was the noise of music, laughter, drunken men and women, sounds of aplace that had no controls, no laws. Mc...

St. James, S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The Long Way Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'. They have a CB, I think." Ray opened his mouth and then closed it. "See you in about an hour, Benny." Ray reached for the flashlight kept under the stove and clicked it on. Shining the light, he saw the newspaper racks and grabbed a handful. They came...

Dawn, M.; Bennett, J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Transmission Right Of Way  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2Topo II: AnTraining andfordefault SignTransmissionAbout

365

10 On the Way  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | BlandinePrincetonOPT Optics Metrology and Fabrication. WhatAt

366

The morphology of the Milky Way - II. Reconstructing CO maps from disc galaxies with live stellar distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The arm structure of the Milky Way remains somewhat of an unknown, with observational studies hindered by our location within the Galactic disc. In the work presented here we use smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) and radiative transfer to create synthetic longitude-velocity observations. Our aim is to reverse-engineer a top down map of the Galaxy by comparing synthetic longitude-velocity maps to those observed. We set up a system of N-body particles to represent the disc and bulge, allowing for dynamic creation of spiral features. Interstellar gas, and the molecular content, is evolved alongside the stellar system. A 3D-radiative transfer code is then used to compare the models to observational data. The resulting models display arm features that are a good reproduction of many of the observed emission structures of the Milky Way. These arms however are dynamic and transient, allowing for a wide range of morphologies not possible with standard density wave theory. The best fitting models are a much better...

Pettitt, Alex R; Acreman, David M; Bate, Matthew R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Resolved Massive Star Clusters in the Milky Way and its Satellites: Brightness Profiles and a Catalogue of Fundamental Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Abridged]: We present a database of structural and dynamical properties for 153 spatially resolved star clusters (50 "young massive clusters" and 103 old globulars) in the Milky Way, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, and the Fornax dwarf spheroidal. This database complements and extends others in the literature, such as those of Harris, and Mackey & Gilmore. By fitting a number of models to the clusters' density profiles, we derive various characteristic surface brightnesses and radii; central potentials, velocity dispersions, and escape velocities; total luminosities, masses, and binding energies; phase-space densities and relaxation timescales; and ``kappa-space'' parameters. Population-synthesis models are used to predict intrinsic (B-V) colors, reddenings, and V-band mass-to-light ratios for the same 153 clusters plus another 63 globulars in the Milky Way, and we compare these predictions to the observed quantities where available. These results are intended to serve as the basis for future investigations of structural correlations and the fundamental plane of massive star clusters, including especially comparisons between the systemic properties of young and old clusters. We also address the question of what structural model fits each cluster best, and argue that the extended halos known to characterize many Magellanic Cloud clusters may be examples of the generic envelope structure of self-gravitating star clusters, not just transient features associated strictly with young age.

Dean E. McLaughlin; Roeland P. van der Marel

2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

368

6/10/12 Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle changes the way water cleans 1/5www.londonpressservice.org.uk/lps/tradeindustry/item/298440.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that improve our ability to clean while saving on our most important resources, water and energy6/10/12 Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle changes the way water cleans 1/5www.londonpressservice.org.uk/lps/tradeindustry/item/298440.html Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle changes the way water cleans 02 May 2012 by Brian Bell

Sóbester, András

369

Influence of the cosmological constant on the motion of Magellanic Clouds in the gravitational field of Milky Way  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the pseudo-Newtonian (PN) potential reflecting properties of the Schwarz-schild-de Sitter spacetime, we estimate the influence of the repulsive cosmological constant ? ? 1.3 10{sup ?56}cm{sup ?2} implied by recent cosmological tests onto the motion of both Small and Large Magellanic Clouds (SMC and LMC) in the gravitational field of the Milky Way. Considering detailed modelling of the gravitational field of the Galaxy disc, bulge and cold dark matter halo, the trajectories of SMC and LMC constructed for the PN potential with the cosmological constant are confronted to those given for ? = 0. In the realistic model of the extended cold dark matter halo its edge and related total mass are taken at typical values reflecting recent diversity in the total Galaxy mass estimates. In all cases, strong influence of the cosmological constant, on 10% level or higher, has been found for motion of both SMC and LMC. Inside the halo, the Newtonian part of the PN potential is exact enough, while outside the halo the PN potential can give relevant relativistic corrections. The role of the cosmological constant is most conspicuous when binding mass is estimated for the satellite galaxies. We have found a strong influence of cosmic repulsion on the total binding mass for both galaxies. For SMC there is the binding mass M{sub SMC}{sup ?=0} = 7.07 10{sup 11}M{sub ?} and M{sub SMC}{sup ?>0} = 8.61 10{sup 11}M{sub ?}, while even much higher increase is found for LMC, where M{sub LMC}{sup ?=0} = 1.50 10{sup 12}M{sub ?} and M{sub LMC}{sup ?} {sup >0} = 2.21 10{sup 12}M{sub ?}, putting serious doubts on the possibility that the LMC is bounded by the Milky Way. However, the estimates of binding masses are strongly influenced by initial velocity of SMC and LMC; we took the values inferred for the IAU MW rotation velocity ? 220 km/s. Our results indicate very important role of the cosmic repulsion in the motion of interacting galaxies, clearly demonstrated in the case of the satellite SMC and LMC galaxies moving in the field of Milky Way. In some cases, the effect of the cosmic repulsion can be even comparable to the effects of the dynamical friction and the Andromeda Galaxy.

Stuchlk, Zden?k; Schee, Jan, E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: jan.schee@fpf.slu.cz [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava, Bezrucovo nm. 13, Opava (Czech Republic)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Atomized Spraying of Liquid Metal Droplets on Desired Substrate Surfaces as a Generalized Way for Ubiquitous Printed Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A direct electronics printing technique through atomized spraying for patterning room temperature liquid metal droplets on desired substrate surfaces is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for the first time. This method has generalized purpose and is highly flexible and capable of fabricating electronic components on any desired target objects, with either flat or rough surfaces, made of different materials, or different orientations from 1-D to 3-D geometrical configurations. With a pre-designed mask, the liquid metal ink can be directly deposited on the substrate to form various specific patterns which lead to the rapid prototyping of electronic devices. Further, extended printing strategies were also suggested to illustrate the adaptability of the method such that the natural porous structure can be adopted to offer an alternative way of making transparent conductive film with an optical transmittance of 47% and a sheet resistance of 5.167{\\Omega}/O. Different from the former direct writing technolog...

Zhang, Qin; Liu, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A RADIO-SELECTED BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARY CANDIDATE IN THE MILKY WAY GLOBULAR CLUSTER M62  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a candidate stellar-mass black hole in the Milky Way globular cluster M62. We detected the black hole candidate, which we call M62-VLA1, in the core of the cluster using deep radio continuum imaging from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. M62-VLA1 is a faint source with a flux density of 18.7 1.9 ?Jy at 6.2 GHz and a flat radio spectrum (? = 0.24 0.42, for S{sub ?} = ?{sup ?}). M62 is the second Milky Way cluster with a candidate stellar-mass black hole; unlike the two candidate black holes previously found in the cluster M22, M62-VLA1 is associated with a Chandra X-ray source, supporting its identification as a black hole X-ray binary. Measurements of its radio and X-ray luminosity, while not simultaneous, place M62-VLA1 squarely on the well-established radio-X-ray correlation for stellar-mass black holes. In archival Hubble Space Telescope imaging, M62-VLA1 is coincident with a star near the lower red giant branch. This possible optical counterpart shows a blue excess, H? emission, and optical variability. The radio, X-ray, and optical properties of M62-VLA1 are very similar to those for V404 Cyg, one of the best-studied quiescent stellar-mass black holes. We cannot yet rule out alternative scenarios for the radio source, such as a flaring neutron star or background galaxy; future observations are necessary to determine whether M62-VLA1 is indeed an accreting stellar-mass black hole.

Chomiuk, Laura; Ransom, Scott [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Rd, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Strader, Jay [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Maccarone, Thomas J. [Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, Box 41051, Lubbock, TX 79409-1051 (United States); Miller-Jones, James C. A. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia); Heinke, Craig [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 4-183 CCIS, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1 (Canada); Noyola, Eva [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), A. P. 70-264, 04510 (Mexico); Seth, Anil C., E-mail: chomiuk@pa.msu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Bootes II ReBooted: An MMT/MegaCam Study of An Ultra-Faint Milky Way Satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[abridged] We present MMT/Megacam imaging in Sloan $g$ and $r$ of the extremely low luminosity Bo\\"otes II Milky Way companion. We use a bootstrap approach to perform robust measurements of, and uncertainties on, Bo\\"otes II's distance, luminosity, size, and morphology. We show that Bo\\"otes II's stellar population is old and metal-poor ([Fe/H] $\\lta$ -2). Assuming a stellar population like that of M92, Bo\\"otes II is at a distance of 42 $\\pm$ 2 kpc, closer than the initial published estimate of 60 $\\pm$ 10 kpc. This distance revision, combined with a more robust measurement of Bo\\"otes II's structure with a Plummer model (exponential model) results in a more compact half-light size of $r_h\\simeq 36 (33) \\pm 9 (10)$ pc and lower luminosity of $M_V\\simeq-2.4 (-2.2) \\pm 0.7 (0.7)$ mag. This revised size and luminosity move Bo\\"otes II into a region of size-luminosity space not previously known to be occupied by old stellar populations, but also occupied by the recently discovered Milky Way satellites Willman 1 and SEGUE 1. We show that the apparently distorted morphology of Bo\\"otes II is not statistically significant given the present data. We use a tidal argument to support a scenario where Bo\\"otes II is a dwarf galaxy (dark matter dominated) rather than a globular cluster (not dark matter dominated). However, we can not rule out that Bo\\"otes II is a star cluster on the verge of disruption, such as Palomar 5.

S. M. Walsh; B. Willman; D. Sand; J. Harris; A. Seth; D. Zaritsky; H. Jerjen

2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

373

Exact regularized point particle method for multi-phase flows in the two-way coupling regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particulate flows have been largely studied under the simplifying assumptions of one-way coupling regime where the disperse phase do not react-back on the carrier fluid. In the context of turbulent flows, many non trivial phenomena such as small scales particles clustering or preferential spatial accumulation have been explained and understood. A more complete view of multiphase flows can be gained calling into play two-way coupling effects, i.e. by accounting for the inter-phase momentum exchange between the carrier and the suspended phase, certainly relevant at increasing mass loading. In such regime, partially investigated in the past by the so-called Particle In Cell (PIC) method, much is still to be learned about the dynamics of the disperse phase and the ensuing alteration of the carrier flow. In this paper we present a new methodology rigorously designed to capture the inter-phase momentum exchange for particles smaller than the smallest hydrodynamical scale, e.g. the Kolmogorov scale in a turbulent flow. In fact, the momentum coupling mechanism exploits the unsteady Stokes flow around a small rigid sphere where the transient disturbance produced by each particle is evaluated in a closed form. The particles are described as lumped, point masses which would lead to the appearance of singularities. A rigorous regularization procedure is conceived to extract the physically relevant interactions between particles and fluid which avoids any "ah hoc" assumption. The approach is suited for high efficiency implementation on massively parallel machines since the transient disturbance produced by the particles is strongly localized in space around the actual particle position. As will be shown, hundred thousands particles can therefore be handled at an affordable computational cost as demonstrated by a preliminary application to a particle laden turbulent shear flow.

P. Gualtieri; F. Picano; G. Sardina; C. M. Casciola

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

EA-2002: Right-of-Way Application for the Tucson-Apache 115-kV Transmission Line, Pima County, Arizona  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Western Area Power Administration (Western) and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), as joint lead agencies, are preparing an EA that will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a proposal for BIA to grant Western a 150-foot right-of-way across tribal land along the existing Tucson-Apache Transmission Line to replace the previous 100-foot right-of-way, which has expired.

375

Effects of tone on the three-way laryngeal distinction in Korean: An acoustic and aerodynamic comparison of the Seoul and South Kyungsang dialects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Effects of tone on the three-way laryngeal distinction in Korean: An acoustic and aerodynamic comparison of the Seoul and South Kyungsang dialects by Hyunjung Lee and Allard Jongman KU Scholar... below. Lee, H., and Jongman, A. (2012). Effects of tone on the three-way laryngeal distinction in Korean: An acoustic and aerodynamic comparison of the Seoul and South Kyungsang dialects. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 42, 145...

Lee, Hyunjung; Jongman, Allard

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Constraining Dark Matter Models from a Combined Analysis of Milky Way Satellites with the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Satellite galaxies of the Milky Way are among the most promising targets for dark matter searches in gamma rays. We present a search for dark matter consisting of weakly interacting massive particles, applying a joint likelihood analysis to 10 satellite galaxies with 24 months of data of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. No dark matter signal is detected. Including the uncertainty in the dark matter distribution, robust upper limits are placed on dark matter annihilation cross sections. The 95% confidence level upper limits range from about 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 5 GeV to about 5 x 10{sup -23} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 1 TeV, depending on the dark matter annihilation final state. For the first time, using gamma rays, we are able to rule out models with the most generic cross section ({approx}3 x 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} for a purely s-wave cross section), without assuming additional boost factors.

Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Albert, A.; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /Ohio State U.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; Blandford, R.D.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Burnett, T.H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Buson, S.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /ICE, Bellaterra /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Artep Inc. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /ASDC, Frascati /Udine U. /INFN, Trieste /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /NASA, Goddard /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /ASDC, Frascati /NASA, Goddard /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /DAPNIA, Saclay /Alabama U., Huntsville; /more authors..

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

Iron and s-elements abundance variations in NGC5286: comparison with anomalous globular clusters and Milky Way satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a high resolution spectroscopic analysis of 62 red giants in the Milky Way globular cluster NGC5286. We have determined abundances of representative light proton-capture, alpha, Fe-peak and neutron-capture element groups, and combined them with photometry of multiple sequences observed along the colour-magnitude diagram. Our principal results are: (i) a broad, bimodal distribution in s-process element abundance ratios, with two main groups, the s-poor and s-rich groups; (ii) substantial star-to-star Fe variations, with the s-rich stars having higher Fe, e.g. _s-rich - _s-poor ~ 0.2~dex; and (iii) the presence of O-Na-Al (anti-)correlations in both stellar groups. We have defined a new photometric index, c_{BVI}=(B-V)-(V-I), to maximise the separation in the colour-magnitude diagram between the two stellar groups with different Fe and s-element content, and this index is not significantly affected by variations in light elements (such as the O-Na anticorrelation). The variations in the overall metal...

Marino, A F; Karakas, A I; Casagrande, L; Yong, D; Shingles, L; Da Costa, G; Norris, J E; Stetson, P B; Lind, K; Asplund, M; Collet, R; Jerjen, H; Sbordone, L; Aparicio, A; Cassisi, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Rhombic Cell Analysis - A New Way of Probing the Large-Scale Structure of the Universe. I. General Considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new way of probing the large-scale structure of the universe is proposed. Space is partitioned into cells the shape of rhombic dodecahedron. The cells are labelled ``filled'' or ``empty'' according as they contain galaxies or not. The cell size is so chosen as to have nearly equal numbers of filled and empty cells for the given galaxy sample. Two observables on each cell are definable: the number of its {\\em like} neighbors, $n_1$, and a two-suffixed topological type $\\tau$, the suffixes being the numbers of its like and unlike {\\em neighbor-groups}. The frequency distributions of $n_1$ and $\\tau$ in the observed set of filled (empty) cells are then considered as indicators of the morphology of the set. The method is applied to the CfA catalogue of galaxies as an illustration. Despite its limited size the data offers evidence 1) that the empty cells are more strongly clustered than the filled cells, and 2) that the filled cells, but not the empty cells, have a tendency of occurring in sheets. Further directions of development both in theory and application are indicated.

T. Kiang

2003-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

Experimental and numerical analysis of pre-compressed masonry walls in two-way-bending with second order effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The buckling behavior of slender unreinforced masonry (URM) walls subjected to axial compression and out-of-plane lateral loads is investigated through a combined experimental and numerical homogenizedapproach. After a preliminary analysis performed on a unit cell meshed by means of elastic FEs and non-linear interfaces, macroscopic moment-curvature diagrams so obtained are implemented at a structural level, discretizing masonry by means of rigid triangular elements and non-linear interfaces. The non-linear incremental response of the structure is accounted for a specific quadratic programming routine. In parallel, a wide experimental campaign is conducted on walls in two way bending, with the double aim of both validating the numerical model and investigating the behavior of walls that may not be reduced to simple cantilevers or simply supported beams. Panels investigated are dry-joint in scale square walls simply supported at the base and on a vertical edge, exhibiting the classical Rondelets mechanism. The results obtained are compared with those provided by the numerical model.

Milani, Gabriele, E-mail: milani@stru.polimi.it [Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering (ABC), Politecnico diMilano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan (Italy); Olivito, Renato S. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile - Universit della Calabria Via P Bucci 39 B - 87036 RENDE (CS) (Italy); Tralli, Antonio [Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44100 Ferrara (Italy)

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

380

Calcium H & K and sodium D absorption induced by the interstellar and circumgalactic media of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We map out calcium II & sodium I absorption (Fraunhofer H, K & D lines) induced by both the interstellar medium and the circumgalactic medium of the Milky Way. Our measurements cover more than $9000$ deg$^2$ and make use of about $300,000$ extragalactic spectra from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We present absorption maps for these two species and then compare their distributions to those of neutral hydrogen and dust. We show that the abundance of Na I with respect to neutral hydrogen stays roughly constant in different environments, while that of Ca II decreases with hydrogen column density. Studying how these tracers vary as a function of velocity, we show that, on average, the N(Na I)/N(Ca II) ratio decreases at higher velocity with respect to the local standard of rest, similar to the local Routly-Spitzer effect but seen on Galactic scale. We show that it is likely caused by higher gas/dust density at lower velocity. Finally, we show that Galactic Ca II and Na I absorption needs to be taken into a...

Murga, Maria; Mnard, Brice; Lan, Ting-Wen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Efficient electric motor systems for industry. Report on roundtable discussions of market problems and ways to overcome them  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency of electric motor systems is one of the best energy-saving opportunities for the United States. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies estimates that by the year 2010 in the industrial sector, the opportunities for savings from improved efficiency in electric motor systems could be roughly as follows: 240 billion kilowatthours per year. $13 billion per year from US industry`s energy bill. Up to 50,000 megawatts in new powerplant capacity avoided. Up to 44 million metric tons of carbon-equivalent emissions mitigated per year, corresponding to 3 percent of present US emissions. Recognizing the benefits of this significant opportunity for energy savings, DOE has targeted improvements in the efficiency of electric motor systems as a key initiative in the effort to promote flexibility and efficiency in the way electricity is produced and used. Efficient electric motor systems will help the United States reach its national goals for energy savings and greenhouse gas emission reductions.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

HIGH-RESOLUTION SIMULATIONS OF THE REIONIZATION OF AN ISOLATED MILKY WAY-M31 GALAXY PAIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a set of numerical simulations aimed at studying reionization at the galactic scale. We use a high-resolution realization of the formation of the Milky Way (MW)-M31 system to simulate the reionization of the Local Group. The reionization calculation was performed with the post-processing radiative transfer code ATON and the underlying cosmological simulation was performed as part of the CLUES project (http://www.clues-project.org). We vary the source models to bracket the range of source properties used in the literature. We investigate the structure and propagation of the galactic ionization fronts by a visual examination of our reionization maps. Within the progenitors, we find that reionization is patchy and proceeds locally inside-out. The process becomes patchier with decreasing source photon output. It is generally dominated by one major H II region and one to four additional isolated smaller bubbles, which eventually overlap. Higher emissivity results in faster and earlier local reionization. In all models, the reionization of the MW and M31 are similar in duration, i.e., between 203 Myr and 22 Myr depending on the source model, placing their z{sub reion} between 8.4 and 13.7. In all models except the most extreme, the MW and M31 progenitors reionize internally, ignoring each other despite being relatively close to each other, even during the epoch of reionization. Only in the case of strong supernova feedback suppressing star formation in halos less massive than 10{sup 9} M{sub ?}, and using our highest emissivity, do we find that the MW is reionized by M31.

Ocvirk, P.; Aubert, D.; Chardin, J. [Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, 11 rue de l'Universit, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Knebe, A.; Yepes, G. [Grupo de Astrofsica, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Modulo C-8, Universidad Autnoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco E-280049 (Spain); Libeskind, N.; Gottlber, S. [Leibniz-Institute fr Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Hoffman, Y. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Ethanol supply chain and industry overview : more harm than good?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a comprehensive study that aggregates the key aspects of ethanol including its supply chain, government legislation that impacts the use of, and the inherent material characteristics of the fuel as well as ...

Bruce, Sarah L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Physical Mechanisms Driving Harmful Algal Blooms Along the Texas Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To understand the stochastic nature of HABs along the TLS, historical data of bloom occurrences from 1996 to present were compared with NOAA station PTAT2 wind, sea-level pressure, air and water temperature data and NCEP NARR-A sea-level pressure data...

Ogle, Marcus 1982-

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

HARM J.A. VAN AVENDONK Jackson School of Geosciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on board the R/V Wecoma. Principal investigator Steven Constable. 1994 (Nov.-Dec.): A seismic refraction of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming. Postdoctoral supervisor: W. Steven Holbrook. 2002 Brian Tucholke and Steven Holbrook. 2000 (Sept.-Oct.): A 3-D seismic reflection study at the Blake Ridge

Yang, Zong-Liang

386

HARM J.A. VAN AVENDONK Jackson School of Geosciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Principal investigator Steven Constable. 1994 (Nov.-Dec.): A seismic refraction study of the Australian of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming. Postdoctoral supervisor: W. Steven Holbrook. 2002 (SCREECH) on board the R/V Maurice Ewing. Principal investigators Brian Tucholke and Steven Holbrook. 2000

Yang, Zong-Liang

387

INTRODUCTION With increasing awareness of the potential harm-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the perspective of cellular network opera- tors, reducing electrical energy consumption is not only a matter of the world's annual electrical energy consumption and 2 percent of CO2 emis- sions are caused by the information and commu- nication technology (ICT) infrastructure. Moreover, it is estimated that ICT energy con

Liu, Xin

388

Ohio Sea Grant Fact Sheets Harmful Algal Blooms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are not addressed in this fact sheet. Lyngbya bloom on Maumee Bay near Toledo. Microcystis Dr.TomBridgeman,UniversityofToledo,LakeErie cyanobacterium in Ohio's Lake Erie waters Anabaena · Colonies of hair-like filaments that can be planktonic the atmosphere using specialized, teardrop-shaped cells · A recent invader to Ohio's Lake Erie waters and Buckeye

389

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 multicopper oxidases and 20 tyrosinase-like proteins (SIof the A. anophagefferens tyrosinase and multicopper oxidase

Grigoriev, Igor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

How plants beckon bacteria that do it harm | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLC HistoryVeterans |VirtualLove BeGEHow doplants

391

Microsoft Word - HelicalHarmWithEnd-SHKim_Rev.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMappingENVIRONMENTALHYDROPOWER MEETINGR&DHighImproved4/2012 Magnetic

392

Session Name: Workflows Co-Chairs: Shreyas Cholia, Kevin Harms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) SrEvaluatingconstructionSession Name: Workflows Co-Chairs:

393

THE DEVELOPMENT AND ON-ROAD PERFORMANCE AND DURABILITY OF THE FOUR-WAY EMISSION CONTROL SCRT{trademark} SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

legislation worldwide necessitates the development of pollution control systems capable of enabling engines to meet the incoming legislative requirements. It is clear that to maximize the benefit to the environment, as well as to meet the very stringent future standards (especially the US 2010 limits), systems capable of high simultaneous conversions of all four major pollutants, carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and Particulate Matter (PM), are required. Very high conversions of CO, HC and PM are achieved using catalyst-based Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) systems, such as the Continuously Regenerating Technology, CRT{reg_sign}, system. High NOx conversions can be obtained using Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems, in which ammonia (generated from urea) is used to selectively reduce the NOx. This paper summarizes the key steps in the development of the four-way SCRT system, which comprises the CRT system followed by an SCR system. Engine bench results obtained during the development of this system are presented and discussed. However, the key to real-world emissions benefit is the actual on-road performance of such systems. It is well established that the CRT system provides very high and durable conversions of CO, HC and PM, so the focus of this current work was to demonstrate the NOx conversion capability and durability of the SCRT system. The SCRT unit was installed on a long-haul truck powered by a 15 litre Cummins engine. On-road NOx emissions performance was measured using NOx sensors located upstream and downstream of the SCRT unit. Over an 850 km evaluation route, the average on-road NOx conversion obtained was up to 82%, even when the urea injection quantity was set to give a maximum NOx conversion of around 85%. The durability of the system has also been assessed. Over the course of 150,000 km, no reduction in the NOx conversion efficiency of the system was observed. The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the SCRT system provides very high on-road NOx conversion, and that the system has excellent durability within real-world applications.

Cooper, BJ; McDonald, AC; Walker, AP; Sanchez, M

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

394

SDSS-III: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys of the Distant Universe, the Milky Way Galaxy, and Extra-Solar Planetary Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly{alpha} forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature of large scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z {approx} 2.5. SEGUE-2, a now-completed continuation of the Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration, measured medium-resolution (R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {ge} 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 {micro}m < {lambda} < 1.70 {micro}m) spectra of 10{sup 5} evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for {approx} 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s{sup -1}, {approx} 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of January 2011, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z {ge} 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8) in January 2011.

Eisenstein, Daniel J.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /Harvard U., Phys. Dept.; Weinberg, David H.; /Ohio State U.; Agol, Eric; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Aihara, Hiroaki; /Tokyo U.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; /Laguna U., Tenerife; Anderson, Scott F.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Arns, James A.; /Michigan U.; Aubourg, Eric; /APC, Paris /DAPNIA, Saclay; Bailey, Stephen; /LBL, Berkeley; Balbinot, Eduardo; /Rio Grande do Sul U. /Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Barkhouser, Robert; /Johns Hopkins U. /Michigan State U.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Published as: Aerts, D., 1991, A mechanistic classical laboratory situation violating the Bell inequalities with 22, exactly 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments, Helv.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inequalities with 2·2, exactly 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments, Helv. Phys. Acta, 64 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments. Diederik Aerts, FUND and CLEA, Vrije

Aerts, Diederik

396

SDSS-III: MASSIVE SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEYS OF THE DISTANT UNIVERSE, THE MILKY WAY, AND EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETARY SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly{alpha} forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z {approx} 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} {approx} 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {>=} 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 {mu}m < {lambda} < 1.70 {mu}m) spectra of 10{sup 5} evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for {approx}15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s{sup -1}, {approx}24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z {>=} 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.

Eisenstein, Daniel J. [Steward Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Weinberg, David H. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Agol, Eric; Anderson, Scott F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Aihara, Hiroaki [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8583 (Japan); Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Arns, James A. [Kaiser Optical Systems, Ann Arbor, MI 48103 (United States); Aubourg, Eric [Astroparticule et Cosmologie (APC), Universite Paris-Diderot, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); Bailey, Stephen [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Balbinot, Eduardo [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS 91501-970 (Brazil); Barkhouser, Robert [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Beers, Timothy C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA: Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Berlind, Andreas A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Bickerton, Steven J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry [Apache Point Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Blanton, Michael R. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Bochanski, John J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Bolton, Adam S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Classifying Three-way Seismic Volcanic Data by Dissimilarity Representation Diana Porro-Mu~noz , Isneri Talavera, Robert P.W. Duin, Mauricio Orozco-Alzate and John Makario Londo~no-Bonilla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classifying Three-way Seismic Volcanic Data by Dissimilarity Representation Diana Porro in a natural way. As an example, the classification of seismic volcanic events is used. It is shown features. Keywords-volcanic seismic data, three-way representation, dissimilarity representation

Duin, Robert P.W.

398

How do microbial fuel cells (MFCs) work? Bacteria need energy to survive, in the same way that humans need food to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

much does it cost to treat wastewater? In the U.S. alone, the cost of treating 33 billion gallonsHow do microbial fuel cells (MFCs) work? Bacteria need energy to survive, in the same way that humans need food to live. Bacteria get this energy in a two-step process. The first step requires

Lee, Dongwon

399

`Green Christmas' Advice There are lots of ways to stay 'green' over the festive period so let's not make our buildings work hard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`Green Christmas' Advice There are lots of ways to stay 'green' over the festive period so let's not make our buildings work hard when we're off on holiday! Read these simple tips to find out how. Make that are needed are turned on, and that these are turned off again as you leave the building. Don't leave any non

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

400

`Green Christmas' Advice There are lots of ways to stay 'green' over the festive period so let's not make our buildings work hard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`Green Christmas' Advice There are lots of ways to stay 'green' over the festive period so let's not make our buildings work hard when we're off on holiday! Read these simple tips to find out how. Make leave the building. Don't leave any non-essential items on standby - appliances such as televisions left

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Getting Started with MATLAB This guide is intended to quickly get you familiar with the way that MATLAB works. MATLAB has many  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting Started with MATLAB This guide is intended to quickly get you familiar with the way that MATLAB works. MATLAB has many features that we cannot cover in a short guide, but the guide should information. To start MATLAB, you can double-click the icon on the desktop. If the icon is not there, you can

King, Chris

402

MATLAB x SIMULINK In addition to the S-Function, there are other ways to pass data from Matlab to Simulink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATLAB x SIMULINK In addition to the S-Function, there are other ways to pass data from Matlab to Simulink: 1) Initializing the variables in Matlab: Instead of calling a M-Function inside Simulink, we can type the variables at the Matlab command line or to run a program in Matlab before running the model

Simões, Marcelo Godoy

403

Top 20 Ways to Go Green at Work (and Save the University Money!) Office Depot's three environmental aspirations are to "Buy Green," "Be Green" and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Top 20 Ways to Go Green at Work (and Save the University Money!) Office Depot's three environmental aspirations are to "Buy Green," "Be Green" and "Sell Green." · By "Buying Green," we have achieved the widest "green product assortment" in the office products industry - approximately 3,500 products with recycled

Borenstein, Elhanan

404

OGA Project Information Collection via Oracle System Workflow SPA has developed a new way to collect essential project information directly from OHSU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OGA Project Information Collection via Oracle System Workflow SPA has developed a new way to collect essential project information directly from OHSU departments using the Oracle System Workflow, and Project Short Name for a specific OGA Project. Steps of the process: 1. The morning after a Project

Chapman, Michael S.

405

In many ways, the red blood cells of non-mammalian vertebrates are very different from those of mammals. One of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many ways, the red blood cells of non-mammalian vertebrates are very different from those of mammals. One of the most obvious differences is that non-mammalian red blood cells are nucleated whereas mammalian red blood cells extrude their nuclei before entering the circulation. In addition, these nucleated

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

406

Media Release: February 14, 2013 A proliferation of electric vehicles for the New Zealand market is still some way off, a University of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

take 50- 100 years, he said. Dr Miller's electric vehicle project was headed by Electric PowerMedia Release: February 14, 2013 A proliferation of electric vehicles for the New Zealand market is still some way off, a University of Canterbury (UC) Electrical Power Engineering Centre (EPECentre

Hickman, Mark

407

The Texas Water Journal Forum Water, Politics & Drought: The Proposition 6 vote, a way-too-early look at the next  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a variety of issues, including water supply planning, water quality management, and environmental defense devoted to the timely consideration of Texas water resources management and policy issues fromThe Texas Water Journal Forum Water, Politics & Drought: The Proposition 6 vote, a way

408

Metallicity Distribution in the Milky Way Disk Dana S. Balser, R.T. Rood, T.M. Bania, L.D. Anderson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. (2006) Sun GC #12;Electron Temperature Radial Gradient K200)(T R)49257()4986406(T e galeMetallicity Distribution in the Milky Way Disk Dana S. Balser, R.T. Rood, T.M. Bania, L.D. Anderson Photo: Harry Morton #12;HII Region Electron Temperature and Metallicity Shaver et al. (1983) 1.15 e C L

Balser, Dana S.

409

Migration: An engine for social change The movement of people into societies that offer a better way of life is a more powerful driver of cultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Migration: An engine for social change The movement of people into societies that offer a better way of life is a more powerful driver of cultural evolution than conflict and conquest, say Peter effect on how societies evolve cul- turally because it is selective. People move to societies

Richerson, Peter J.

410

How does one weakly electric fish locate and find another electric fish in its environment? One way is to orient to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How does one weakly electric fish locate and find another electric fish in its environment? One way is to orient to the electric discharges that the second fish produces using passive electrolocation. Passive electrolocation differs from active electrolocation in that the fish relies entirely upon exafferent rather than

Hopkins, Carl D.

411

Advancing our world. It's the Washington Way. The world is in the middle of a materials revolution. Advances in materials have preceded almost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advancing our world. It's the Washington Way. The world is in the middle of a materials revolution of Washington's Materials Science & Engineering department is at the heart of this revolution preparing our students and conducting research to meet the needs of modern technology. MSE Education Preparing students

Anderson, Richard

412

Blue Economy Summer School (BESS) gives you the chance to learn a new way of thinking in the mind of the current and the later generation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blue Economy Summer School (BESS) gives you the chance to learn a new way of thinking in the mind economic, social and environmental crisis. "The Blue Economy" permits to respond to the basic needs of all of the Club of Rome. The 100 models of innovations promise 100 million jobs in 10 years. The Blue Economy

Hellebrand, Sybille

413

Smart Uses for Your Tax Refund... A tax refund is always a welcome bonus. Whether it's $300 or $3,000, the way you use that money can  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,000, the way you use that money can have a real impact on your personal and financial well-being. New computer. DO plan ahead before spending your refund. Without a plan, you may use the money on the first Funds. Having money saved for emergencies can get you through small emergencies, like car repair

414

Nick didn't start out as a business administration major. Like a lot of students,he found his way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a carbon tax based on CO2 measurements taken at the tailpipe of a car. In a management and organizational responsibility; marketing; or global logistics and transportation. On-site resources include the Student Success coursework by way of specific internships with firms in Canada, Cuba, Brazil, Germany and Mexico. BUSINESS

Mitchener, W. Garrett

415

"Interactive Evidence: New Ways To Present Accident Investigation Information" Dr. Damian Schofield, Mr. Jez Noond, Ms. Lorna Goodwin and Mr. Jack March  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Interactive Evidence: New Ways To Present Accident Investigation Information" Dr. Damian Schofield or no understanding of the circumstances in which an accident occurred. This paper will introduce and discuss (VR) for a range of accident investigation and evidence presentation scenarios. Keywords: Computer

Schofield, Damian

416

An alternate well-founded way to treat the center-of-mass correlations: use of a local center-of-mass correlations potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently developed "internal" Density Functional Theory provides an existence theorem for a local potential that contains the center-of-mass correlations effects. The knowledge of the corresponding energy functional would provide a much cheaper way than projection techniques to treat these correlations. The aim of this article is to construct such a functional. We propose a well-founded method, suitable for Fermions as well as for Bosons, which does not require any free parameters.

Jeremie Messud

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

417

THE CARNEGIE HUBBLE PROGRAM: THE LEAVITT LAW AT 3.6 AND 4.5 {mu}m IN THE MILKY WAY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carnegie Hubble Program (CHP) is designed to calibrate the extragalactic distance scale using data from the post-cryogenic era of the Spitzer Space Telescope. The ultimate goal of the CHP is a systematic improvement in the distance scale leading to a determination of the Hubble constant to within an accuracy of 2%. This paper focuses on the measurement and calibration of the Galactic Cepheid period-luminosity (PL, Leavitt) relation using the warm Spitzer/IRAC 1 and 2 bands at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m. We present photometric measurements covering the period range 4-70 days for 37 Galactic Cepheids. Data at 24 phase points were collected for each star. Three PL relations of the form M = a(log (P) - 1) + b are derived. The method adopted here takes the slope a to be -3.31, as determined from the Spitzer Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) data of Scowcroft et al. Using the geometric Hubble Space Telescope guide-star distances to 10 Galactic Cepheids, we find a calibrated 3.6 {mu}m PL zero point of -5.80 {+-} 0.03. Together with our value for the LMC zero point, we determine a reddening-corrected distance modulus of 18.48 {+-} 0.04 mag to the LMC. The mid-IR period-color diagram and the [3.6]-[4.5] color variation with phase are interpreted in terms of CO absorption at 4.5 {mu}m. This situation compromises the use of the 4.5 {mu}m data for distance determinations.

Monson, Andrew J.; Freedman, Wendy L.; Madore, Barry F.; Persson, S. E.; Scowcroft, Victoria; Seibert, Mark [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Rigby, Jane R., E-mail: amonson@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: wendy@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: barry@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: persson@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: vs@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: mseibert@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: Jane.R.Rigby@nasa.gov [Observational Cosmology Lab, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

418

Evaluation of three-way vs. single-cross hybrids of grain sorghum produced with twin-seeded and single-seeded parents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-sterile (A) lines; 2 homozygous single-seeded (tsts) and 1 homozygous twin-seeded (~sTs), their 3 non-restorer (B-line) counterparts, and 4 fertility restoring (R-lines); 2 homozygous single-seeded (tats) and 2 homozygous twin-seeded (TsTs) . These 30...-way hybrids when single- vs. twin-seeded and twin- vs ~ single-seeded, as groups, were contrasted ~ DFDICATICN Con Amor a Ko ty Pochito vii ACKNOWLEDGMEBTS I thank my major professor, Dr. Frederick R. Miller, for his advice and criticism during...

Perez, German Jose

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Cyber Threats, Challenges, and Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is continually changing Transportation Water Electric Power Oil & Gas Communications FinancialEmergency #12

Dasgupta, Dipankar

420

ACTION PLAN leading the way...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

footprint. The large 5,300 KW solar plant is owned by a third party. While the environmental benefits climate neutrality. They will also dramatically reduce operating costs, train workers for clean energy jobs, and spur innovation in energy efficiency, transportation, and renewable power. The costs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Cardiff University The Way Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Subsidiarity · Dynamism · Accountability · Self-determination · Environmental and social sustainability Guiding. Printed on 100% recycled paper, in line with the University's commitment to sustainability www.cardiff.ac.uk/sustainability the achievement of outstanding quality. The College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences aims to transform

Davies, Christopher

422

Mendelevium: The Way It Was  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reel of black & white film shot nearly 60 years ago has surfaced at Berkeley Lab, depicting the discovery of Mendelevium - or Element 101 - as reenacted by some of the legendary scientists who did the actual work at that time. Since the 1940s, Berkeley Lab scientists were locked in a race to synthesize new elements, and more often than not, they came out winners. Sixteen elements, most of them in the actinide series at the bottom of the periodic table, were discovered and synthesized by its researchers. Retired Berkeley Lab physicist Claude Lyneis found the reel in a box of dusty and deteriorating films slated for disposal. Using digital editing skills he acquired to make videos of his son's lacrosse team, Lyneis has produced and narrated an excerpt of this nearly-lost footage. It is an entertaining and informative look at the pioneering physics performed at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's hillside campus.

None

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

423

Mendelevium: The Way It Was  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A reel of black & white film shot nearly 60 years ago has surfaced at Berkeley Lab, depicting the discovery of Mendelevium - or Element 101 - as reenacted by some of the legendary scientists who did the actual work at that time. Since the 1940s, Berkeley Lab scientists were locked in a race to synthesize new elements, and more often than not, they came out winners. Sixteen elements, most of them in the actinide series at the bottom of the periodic table, were discovered and synthesized by its researchers. Retired Berkeley Lab physicist Claude Lyneis found the reel in a box of dusty and deteriorating films slated for disposal. Using digital editing skills he acquired to make videos of his son's lacrosse team, Lyneis has produced and narrated an excerpt of this nearly-lost footage. It is an entertaining and informative look at the pioneering physics performed at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's hillside campus.

None

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

424

Load Management - A Better Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ohio Edison Company serves about 800,000 customers in Ohio and Pennsylvania, making it one of the 20 largest electric utilities in the nation. The 'cost of service' concept has been basic to rate design throughout the history of the company...

Easley, J. F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

DOE's way-out reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SP-100 reactor, envisioned long before Star Wars, was to power civilian structures such as the space station and orbiting commercial labs. According to the SDI Organization, it will be the cornerstone for SDI, used as a no-maintenance, general source of energy for the military's infrastructure - weapons scale power will come later. DOE wants to spend $72 in FY 1977 to design and build these reactors. Funding problems with Congress, as well as some of the technology and timetables are discussed here.

Marshall, E.

1986-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

Discovery of new Milky Way star cluster candidates in the 2MASS Point Source Catalog IV. Follow-up observations of cluster candidates in the Galactic plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nearly 500 cluster candidates have been reported by searches based on the new all-sky near infrared surveys. The true nature of the majority of these objects is still unknown. This project aims to estimate the physical parameters of some of the candidates in order to use them as probes of the obscured star formation in the Milky Way. Here we report deep near infrared observations of four objects, discovered by our search based on the 2MASS Point Source Catalog (Ivanov et al. 2002; Borissova et al. 2003). CC04 appears to be a few million year old cluster. We estimate its distance and extinction, and set a limit on the total mass. CC08 contains red supergiants, indicating a slightly older age of about 7-10 Myr. The suspected cluster nature of CC13 was not confirmed. CC14 appears to be an interesting candidate with double-tail-like morphology but our data doesn't allow us to derive a firm conclusion about the nature of this object. We found no supermassive star clusters similar to the Arches or the Quintuplet (Mtot >= 10**4 Msolar) among the dozen confirmed clusters studied so far in this series of papers, indicating that such objects are not common in the Milky Way.

V. D. Ivanov; J. Borissova; F. Bresolin; P. Pessev

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Discovery of new Milky Way star cluster candidates in the 2MASS point source catalog III. Follow-up observations of cluster candidates in the Galactic Center region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is part of a project to search the inner Milky Way for hidden massive clusters and to address the question of whether our Galaxy still forms clusters similar to the progenitors of the present-day globular clusters. We report high angular resolution deep near-infrared imaging of 21 cluster candidates selected from the catalogues of Bica et al. (2003) and Dutra et al.(2003) in a region around the Galactic Center. These catalogues were created from visual inspection of the 2MASS images. Seven objects appear to be genuine clusters, and for these objects we present estimates of extinction, distance and in some cases age and mass. Our estimated masses range from 1200 to 5500 solar masses. These clusters are thus significantly smaller than any Galactic globular cluster, and indicate that the formation of massive young clusters such as Arches and Quintuplet is not common in the present-day Milky Way. The remaining 14 objects are either not clusters or cannot be classified based on our data.

J. Borissova; V. D. Ivanov; D. Minniti; D. Geisler; A. W. Stephens

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Are the red halos of galaxies made of low-mass stars? Constraints from subdwarf star counts in the Milky Way halo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface photometry detections of red and exceedingly faint halos around galaxies have resurrected the old question of whether some non-negligible fraction of the missing baryons of the Universe could be hiding in the form of faint, hydrogen-burning stars. The optical/near-infrared colours of these red halos have proved very difficult to reconcile with any normal type of stellar population, but can in principle be explained by advocating a bottom-heavy stellar initial mass function. This implies a high stellar mass-to-light ratio and hence a substantial baryonic mass locked up in such halos. Here, we explore the constraints imposed by current observations of ordinary stellar halo subdwarfs on a putative red halo of low-mass stars around the Milky Way. Assuming structural parameters similar to those of the red halo recently detected in stacked images of external disk galaxies, we find that a smooth halo component with a bottom-heavy initial mass function is completely ruled out by current star count data for the Milky Way. All viable smooth red halo models with a density slope even remotely similar to that of the stacked halo moreover contain far too little mass to have any bearing on the missing-baryon problem. However, we note that these constraints can be sidestepped if the red halo stars are locked up in star clusters, and discuss potential observations of other nearby galaxies that may be able to put such scenarios to the test.

E. Zackrisson; C. Flynn

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

OPEN CLUSTERS IN THE MILKY WAY OUTER DISK: NEWLY DISCOVERED AND UNSTUDIED CLUSTERS IN THE SPITZER GLIMPSE-360, CYG-X, AND SMOG SURVEYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open stellar clusters are extremely valuable probes of Galactic structure, star formation, kinematics, and chemical abundance patterns. Near-infrared (NIR) data have enabled the detection of hundreds of clusters hidden from optical surveys, and mid-infrared (MIR) data are poised to offer an even clearer view into the most heavily obscured parts of the Milky Way. We use new MIR images from the Spitzer GLIMPSE-360, Cyg-X, and SMOG surveys to visually identify a large number of open cluster candidates in the outer disk of the Milky Way (65 Degree-Sign < l < 265 Degree-Sign ). Using NIR color-magnitude diagrams, stellar isochrones, and stellar reddening estimates, we derive cluster parameters (metallicity, distance, reddening) for those objects without previous identification and/or parameters in the literature. In total, we present coordinates and sizes of 20 previously unknown open cluster candidates; for 7 of these we also present metallicity, distance, and reddening values. In addition, we provide the first estimates of these values for nine clusters that had been previously cataloged. We compare our cluster sizes and other derived parameters to those in the open cluster catalog of Dias et al. and find strong similarities except for a higher mean reddening for our objects, which signifies our increased detection sensitivity in regions of high extinction. The results of this cluster search and analysis demonstrate the ability of MIR imaging and photometry to augment significantly the current census of open clusters in the Galaxy.

Zasowski, G. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Beaton, R. L.; Hamm, K. K.; Majewski, S. R.; Patterson, R. J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Babler, B.; Churchwell, E.; Meade, M.; Whitney, B. A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Benjamin, R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States); Watson, C., E-mail: gail.zasowski@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Manchester College, North Manchester, IN 46962 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Developed by Pamela J. Brown, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Extension Entrepreneurship Specialist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M University System, June 2004. Adapted from Money My Way, Clemson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M University System, June 2004. Adapted from Money My Way to start a business is to make money. Yet many businesses operate without ever making a profit. Pricing hasLife Extension Service, Texas A&M University System, June 2004. Adapted from Money My Way, Clemson University

431

Mixing models for the two-way-coupling of CFD codes and zero-dimensional multi-zone codes to model HCCI combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this work is the development of a consistent mixing model for the two-way-coupling of a CFD code and a multi-zone code based on multiple zero-dimensional reactors. The two-way-coupling allows for a computationally efficient modeling of HCCI combustion. The physical domain in the CFD code is subdivided into multiple zones based on three phase variables (fuel mixture fraction, dilution, and total enthalpy). Those phase variables are sufficient for the description of the thermodynamic state of each zone, assuming that each zone is at the same pressure. Each zone in the CFD code is represented by a corresponding zone in the zero-dimensional code. The zero-dimensional code solves the chemistry for each zone, and the heat release is fed back into the CFD code. The difficulty in facing this kind of methodology is to keep the thermodynamic state of each zone consistent between the CFD code and the zero-dimensional code after the initialization of the zones in the multi-zone code has taken place. The thermodynamic state of each zone (and thereby the phase variables) will change in time due to mixing and source terms (e.g., vaporization of fuel, wall heat transfer). The focus of this work lies on a consistent description of the mixing between the zones in phase space in the zero-dimensional code, based on the solution of the CFD code. Two mixing models with different degrees of accuracy, complexity, and numerical effort are described. The most elaborate mixing model (and an appropriate treatment of the source terms) keeps the thermodynamic state of the zones in the CFD code and the zero-dimensional code identical. The models are applied to a test case of HCCI combustion in an engine. (author)

Barths, H. [HFV6 Performance and Emissions, GM Powertrain, MC: 480-712-140, 30003 Van Dyke Ave, Warren, MI 48090 (United States); Felsch, C.; Peters, N. [Institut fuer Technische Verbrennung, RWTH Aachen University, Templergraben 64, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Mixing models for the two-way-coupling of CFD codes and zero-dimensional multi-zone codes to model HCCI combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this work is the development of a consistent mixing model for the two-way-coupling of a CFD code and a multi-zone code based on multiple zero-dimensional reactors. The two-way-coupling allows for a computationally efficient modeling of HCCI combustion. The physical domain in the CFD code is subdivided into multiple zones based on three phase variables (fuel mixture fraction, dilution, and total enthalpy). Those phase variables are sufficient for the description of the thermodynamic state of each zone, assuming that each zone is at the same pressure. Each zone in the CFD code is represented by a corresponding zone in the zero-dimensional code. The zero-dimensional code solves the chemistry for each zone, and the heat release is fed back into the CFD code. The difficulty in facing this kind of methodology is to keep the thermodynamic state of each zone consistent between the CFD code and the zero-dimensional code after the initialization of the zones in the multi-zone code has taken place. The thermodynamic state of each zone (and thereby the phase variables) will change in time due to mixing and source terms (e.g., vaporization of fuel, wall heat transfer). The focus of this work lies on a consistent description of the mixing between the zones in phase space in the zero-dimensional code, based on the solution of the CFD code. Two mixing models with different degrees of accuracy, complexity, and numerical effort are described. The most elaborate mixing model (and an appropriate treatment of the source terms) keeps the thermodynamic state of the zones in the CFD code and the zero-dimensional code identical. The models are applied to a test case of HCCI combustion in an engine. (author)

Barths, H. [HFV6 Performance and Emissions, GM Powertrain, MC: 480-712-140, 30003 Van Dyke Ave, Warren, MI 48090 (United States); Felsch, C.; Peters, N. [Institut fuer Technische Verbrennung, RWTH Aachen University, Templergraben 64, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Expert: This GOP primary 'like ultimate fighting'; Will it leave general election wounds?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton exchanged personal criticisms, including the Obama camp accusing Clinton on his record. And Gingrich has labeled Romney a liberal, which in GOP-speak is equivalent of the Big Bad hopefuls this primary season -- hurt the GOP in its attempts to unseat President Obama in the fall

Belogay, Eugene A.

434

Electroweak stars: how nature may capitalize on the standard model's ultimate fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the possible existence of an electroweak star a compact stellar-mass object whose central core temperature is higher than the electroweak symmetry restoration temperature. We found a solution to the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equations describing such an object. The parameters of such a star are not substantially different from a neutron star its mass is around 1.3 Solar masses while its radius is around 8km. What is different is the existence of a small electroweak core. The source of energy in the core that can at least temporarily balance gravity are standard-model non-perturbative baryon number (B) and lepton number (L) violating processes that allow the chemical potential of B+L to relax to zero. The energy released at the core is enormous, but gravitational redshift and the enhanced neutrino interaction cross section at these energies make the energy release rate moderate at the surface of the star. The lifetime of this new quasi-equilibrium can be more than ten million years. This is long enough to represent a new stage in the evolution of a star if stellar evolution can take it there.

Dai, De-Chang; Stojkovic, Dejan [Department of Physics, SUNY at Buffalo, 239 Fronczak Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260-1500 (United States); Lue, Arthur; Starkman, Glenn, E-mail: ddai@buffalo.edu, E-mail: shinypup@gmail.com, E-mail: gds6@case.edu, E-mail: ds77@buffalo.edu [CERCA, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-7079 U.S.A (United States)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

he mobile world depends on lithium-ion batteries --today's ultimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory in Berkeley, California, had cycled 1,500 times and had lost only half of their capacity1 attentionontechnologiesthatwillbecrucialin helpingtheworldtoswitchtorenewableenergy sources -- storing up solar energy for night- time down costs and boost capacity. BY RICHARD VAN NOORDEN 2

Napp, Nils

436

Ultimate field-free molecular alignment by combined adiabatic-impulsive field design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a laser pulse designed as an adiabatic ramp followed by a kick allows one to reach a perfect postpulse molecular alignment, free of saturation. The mechanism is based on an optimized distribution of the energy between a weakly efficient but non saturating adiabatic ramp and an efficient but saturating impulsive field. Unprecedent degrees of alignment are predicted using state-of-the-art pulse shaping techniques and non-destructive field intensities. The scheme can be extended to reach high degrees of orientation of polar molecules using designed half-cycle pulses.

S. Guerin; A. Rouzee; E. Hertz

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

Journal of Neuroscience Methods 63 (1995) 175%183 Toward the ultimate metal microelectrode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposed using an automatically steerable UV laser. Electrochemical activation of the iridium increases electrolytic lesions to mark recording sites in a penetration, microstimulating chroni- cally without of ions in an aqueousconductor requires electrochemical reactions. If the particular reactionsthat occur

Loeb, Gerald E.

438

Fusion Energy Research at The National Ignition Facility: The Pursuit of the Ultimate Clean, Inexhaustible  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the" Lawrence Radiation Laboratory" In Livermore, California..." " #12;Presentation to MIT 13NIF-0709, Inexhaustible Energy Source" John D. Moody, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory" " Presented to: MIT ­ PSFC by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 #12;A few memories of MIT physics

439

the rate-limiting step of mevalonate and ultimately, cholesterol biosynthesis, accounting for Cu's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's effect on cholesterol levels in the rat [Valsala and Krump (1987) J Biosci 12, 137-142]. In a recent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - achieve ultimate properties Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as 3D Scaffolds for New Materials: from Mechanically Strong Polymer Crosslinked Aerogels Summary: &T, Rolla, MO Unique bulk properties such as very low thermal conductivity,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Transition to the ultimate state of turbulent Rayleigh-Benard convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of whether the valve was open or closed. The reduced Nusselt numbers Nured Nu/Ra0.312 ob- tained: Nured Nu/Ra0.312 as a function of Ra for the "closed" sample. Black solid circles: Tm - TU . Black open circles: Tm - TU > +2 K. Open squares (blue online): Nured of the open black circles

Ahlers, Guenter

442

Electroweak stars: how nature may capitalize on the standard model's ultimate fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possible existence of an electroweak star - a compact stellar-mass object whose central core temperature is higher than the electroweak symmetry restoration temperature. We found a solution to the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equations describing such an object. The parameters of such a star are not substantially different from a neutron star - its mass is around 1.3 Solar masses while its radius is around 8 km. What is different is the existence of a small electroweak core. The source of energy in the core that can at least temporarily balance gravity are standard-model non-perturbative baryon number (B) and lepton number (L) violating processes that allow the chemical potential of $B+L$ to relax to zero. The energy released at the core is enormous, but gravitational redshift and the enhanced neutrino interaction cross section at these energies make the energy release rate moderate at the surface of the star. The lifetime of this new quasi-equilibrium can be more than ten million years. This is long enough to represent a new stage in the evolution of a star if stellar evolution can take it there.

De-Chang Dai; Arthur Lue; Glenn Starkman; Dejan Stojkovic

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

443

Meeting the Renewable Energy Challenge: What Will it Take to Reach Solar PV's Ultimate Potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presented at the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion on May 8, 2006 by Dr. Dan E. Arvizu, Director, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Arvizu, D.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Effects of fracturing fluid recovery upon well performance and ultimate recovery of hydraulically fractured gas wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Clean-Up Mobile Water Phase 84 17 Effects of Hystexesis on Clean-Up immobile Water Phase 84 18 Effects of Initial Flow Conditions on Gas Production Initial Resexvor Pressure = 11, 700 psi ? Single Phase . . . 95 Table 19 21 22 23 24 25... Effects of Initial How Conditions on Gas Pmduction Initial Reservor Pressure = 7, 800 psi - Single Phase Effects of Initial Flow Conditions on Productivity With No Water Injection Initial Reservoir Pressure = 11, 700 psi ? Initial Cr = 10 Effects...

Berthelot, Jan Marie

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Effects of reservoir geometry and permeability anisotropy on ultimate gas recovery in Devonian Shale reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for assistance and guidance during the course of my thesis research: L Dr. WL Lee for his wisdom, understanding, and technical expertise and for his insistence on striving for excellence as well as accuracy; 2. David Lancaster for his direction and his ability... Econotnic Projections for Selected Stimulated Cases, Fracture Parallel to k ?, L, =100 ft, 160-acre Well Spacing, 50-year Well Life . . 156 Economic Projections for Selected Stimulated Cases, Fracture Perpendicular to k ?, L, =100 ft, 160-acre Well...

Starnes, Lee McKennon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

The ultimate solution to simplify your data center Fiscal year 2012-2013 annual report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as many virtual machines within that pool as they wish. They decide on and control the level of priority electrical power for future projects. Therefore, we are very pleased to announce that the Policy Board Services, Performance Pool Storage (IOPS On-Demand), and Manag

Sura, Philip

447

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerating ultimate pathways Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 17 A unified mechanism for protein folding: Predetermined pathways with optional errors Summary: ; therefore the off-pathway...

448

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Project at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor'sshortGeothermalGo BackGrants &GrapheneGraphene as

449

CMB: The ultimate test for theoretical models aiming at describing the very early universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk, I will illustrate how one can use the cosmic microwave background anisotropy measurements, in order to test theoretical models aiming at describing the early universe.

Mairi Sakellariadou

2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

450

rejection of many sources of noise and error, should hold promise for ultimately accom-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

102, 82 (2002). 3. E. Kruger, W. Nistler, W. Weirauch, Metrologia 35, 203 (1998). 4. G. Gabrielse et

Nolet, Guust

451

Synthesis and physical properties of novel perfluorinated methylene oxide oligomers. The ultimate low temperature fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perfluorinated polyethers are a class of substances which are extremely inert and have both extraordinary high temperature stability and low temperature properties. The synthesis of perfluorinated polyformaldehydes with the highest oxygen content was designed to give the maximum liquid range and low temperature properties. Novel low molecular weight perfluorinated polyformaldehydes with stable and unreactive perfluoro-n-butyl end groups were prepared by liquid-phase direct fluorination. The boiling point of these compounds increases by approximately 20{degree}C with the addition of each difluoromethylene oxide unit. This trend does not continue for longer chain lengths (n > 4) where the increase in boiling point per CF{sub 2}O unit diminishes. The average increase of melting temperature is approximately 1-2{degree}C as the perfluorinated polyformaldehyde chain increases one difluoromethylene oxide unit. The new perfluoropolyether fluids produced have melting points ranging from -145 to -152{degree}C. 33 refs., 3 tabs.

Sung, K.; Lagow, R.J. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1995-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

452

Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 90, Nos. 1/2, 1998 An Ultimate Frustration in Classical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-state configurations of infinite-range, convex, repulsive interactions in models with devil's staircases. Our models; devil's staircase. 285 0022-4715/98/0100-0285$15.00/0 © 1998 Plenum Publishing Corporation #12

Miekisz, Jacek

453

24/03/2011 16:13New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/430277.php  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://www.dailyindia.com/show/430277.php Search Home National World Business Sports Cricket into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 2 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/430277.php

Gardner, Andy

454

CSUF Clubs & Organizations!!! What can the Titan Pride Center do for you? The Titan Pride Center wants to help get the word out about CSUF clubs and organizations! Check out all of the ways we can help your group!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wants to help get the word out about CSUF clubs and organizations! Check out all of the ways we can help of your promotional materials. We will have a table ready for you and even help promote with you! Puzzle

de Lijser, Peter

455

Rental rate includes liability insurance (LDW), vehicle licensing fees, unlimited roundtrip mileage; $0.25/mile for one-way rentals and no drop fees for vehicles that are picked up and returned in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; $0.25/mile for one-way rentals and no drop fees for vehicles that are picked up and returned in setting up direct billing for your department, please click link below: http://www

Arnold, Jonathan

456

Developed by Pamela J. Brown, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Extension Entrepreneurship Specialist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M University System, June 2004. Adapted from Money My Way, Clemson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M University System, June 2004. Adapted from Money My Way, Clemson University and The New Youth Entrepreneur, YESS. SHOW ME THE MONEY The FINANCIAL PLAN pulls

457

The origin and evolution of the odd-Z iron-peak elements Sc, V, Mn, and Co in the Milky Way stellar disk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate the origin and evolution of Sc, V, Mn, and Co for a homogeneous and statistically significant sample of stars probing the different populations of the Milky Way, in particular the thin and thick disks. METHODS: Using high-resolution spectra obtained with MIKE, FEROS, SOFIN, FIES, UVES and HARPS spectrographs, we determine Sc, V, Mn, and Co abundances for a large sample of F and G dwarfs in Solar neighbourhood. The method is based on spectral synthesis and using one-dimensional (1-D), plane-parallel, LTE model stellar atmospheres calculated with the MARCS 2012 code. NLTE corrections from literature were applied to Mn and Co. RESULTS: We find that the abundance trends derived for Sc (594 stars), V (466 stars), and Co (567 stars) are very similar to what has been observed for the alpha-elements in the thin and thick disks. On the contrary Mn (569 stars) is generally underabundant relative to the Sun (i.e. [Mn/Fe]<0) for [Fe/H]<0. Also, for Mn, when NLTE correct...

Battistini, Chiara

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

CONSTRAINTS ON THE SHAPE OF THE MILKY WAY DARK MATTER HALO FROM JEANS EQUATIONS APPLIED TO SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY DATA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We search for evidence of dark matter in the Milky Way by utilizing the stellar number density distribution and kinematics measured by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) to heliocentric distances exceeding {approx}10 kpc. We employ the cylindrically symmetric form of Jeans equations and focus on the morphology of the resulting acceleration maps, rather than the normalization of the total mass as done in previous, mostly local, studies. Jeans equations are first applied to a mock catalog based on a cosmologically derived N-body+SPH simulation, and the known acceleration (gradient of gravitational potential) is successfully recovered. The same simulation is also used to quantify the impact of dark matter on the total acceleration. We use Galfast, a code designed to quantitatively reproduce SDSS measurements and selection effects, to generate a synthetic stellar catalog. We apply Jeans equations to this catalog and produce two-dimensional maps of stellar acceleration. These maps reveal that in a Newtonian framework, the implied gravitational potential cannot be explained by visible matter alone. The acceleration experienced by stars at galactocentric distances of {approx}20 kpc is three times larger than what can be explained by purely visible matter. The application of an analytic method for estimating the dark matter halo axis ratio to SDSS data implies an oblate halo with q{sub DM} = 0.47 {+-} 0.14 within the same distance range. These techniques can be used to map the dark matter halo to much larger distances from the Galactic center using upcoming deep optical surveys, such as LSST.

Loebman, Sarah R.; Ivezic, Zeljko; Quinn, Thomas R.; Governato, Fabio [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Brooks, Alyson M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Christensen, Charlotte R. [Astronomy Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Juric, Mario, E-mail: sloebman@astro.washington.edu [LSST Corporation, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

459

Aerosol Indirect Effect on the Grid-scale Clouds in the Two-way Coupled WRF-CMAQ: Model Description, Development, Evaluation and Regional Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study implemented first, second and glaciations aerosol indirect effects (AIE) on resolved clouds in the two-way coupled WRF-CMAQ modeling system by including parameterizations for both cloud drop and ice number concentrations on the basis of CMAQpredicted aerosol distributions and WRF meteorological conditions. The performance of the newly-developed WRF-CMAQ model, with alternate CAM and RRTMG radiation schemes, was evaluated with the observations from the CERES satellite and surface monitoring networks (AQS, IMPROVE, CASTNet, STN, and PRISM) over the continental U.S. (CONUS) (12-km resolution) and eastern Texas (4-km resolution) during August and September of 2006. The results at the AQS surface sites show that in August, the NMB values for PM2.5 over the eastern/western U.S (EUS/WUS) and western U.S. (WUS) are 5.3% (?0.1%) and 0.4% (-5.2%) for WRF-CMAQ/CAM (WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG), respectively. The evaluation of PM2.5 chemical composition reveals that in August, WRF-CMAQ/CAM (WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG) consistently underestimated the observed SO4 2? by -23.0% (-27.7%), -12.5% (-18.9%) and -7.9% (-14.8%) over the EUS at the CASTNet, IMPROVE and STN sites, respectively. Both models (WRF-CMAQ/CAM, WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG) overestimated the observed mean OC, EC and TC concentrations over the EUS in August at the IMPROVE sites. Both models generally underestimated the cloud field (SWCF) over the CONUS in August due to the fact that the AIE on the subgrid convective clouds was not considered when the model simulations were run at the 12 km resolution. This is in agreement with the fact that both models captured SWCF and LWCF very well for the 4-km simulation over the eastern Texas when all clouds were resolved by the finer domain. Both models generally overestimated the observed precipitation by more than 40% mainly because of significant overestimation in the southern part of the CONUS in August. The simulations of WRF-CMAQ/CAM and WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG show dramatic improvements for SWCF, LWCF, COD, cloud fractions and precipitation over the ocean relative to those of WRF default cases in August. The model performance in September is similar to that in August except for greater overestimation of PM2.5 due to the overestimations of SO4 2-, NH4 +, NO3 -, and TC over the EUS, less underestimation of clouds (SWCF) over the land areas due to about 10% lower SWCF values and less convective clouds in September.

Yu, Shaocai; Mathur, Rohit; Pleim, Jonathan; Wong, David; Gilliam, R.; Alapaty, Kiran; Zhao, Chun; Liu, Xiaohong

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

460

The mission of the UC Davis Solar Collaborative is simple: to find ways to make solar cells more efficient. Even in theory, the efficiency of conventional solar cells is limited to a disappointing 31%. However, this limit is based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mission The mission of the UC Davis Solar Collaborative is simple: to find ways to make solar cells more efficient. Even in theory, the efficiency of conventional solar cells is limited to a disappointing 31%. However, this limit is based on the traditional operation of solar cells, where an incoming

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Friction stir welding and processing has come a long way since the heady days of the pioneering work done at TWI in Cambridge some two decades ago. The FSWP 2010 conference held in Lille,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Editorial Friction stir welding and processing has come a long way since the heady days dealt with welding are included in this special issue of STWJ. All of these papers went through assessment,3 it was emphasised that there is a difficulty in defining what constitutes a good weld when

Cambridge, University of

462

Princeton's Office of Gift Planning can help you explore ways to make a bequest that will assure your own legacy on campus. Making a gift from your estate begins with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Princeton's Office of Gift Planning can help you explore ways to make a bequest that will assure and estate-related expenses are paid, to Princeton. · A testamentary trust can be helpful for you and your at Princeton. Gift Planning staff members, working with the Office of General Counsel, will help ensure

463

See a sample reprint in PDF format. Order a reprint of this article now WSJ's 'Intelligent Investor' Jason Zweig visits Mean Street and looks at the unique way in which Facebook is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' Jason Zweig visits Mean Street and looks at the unique way in which Facebook is intertwined Images. Christophe Vorlet for The Wall Street Journal Related Facebook's IPO Sputters Winners, Losers and the Road Not Taken to Facebook Wealth Trading Problems Mar Facebook's IPO The Intelligent Investor: Is 'You

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

464

Solar Collector: A Novel Way of Harnessing the Sun's Energy The team analysed the prototype and different design alternatives.The goal of the Solar Collector is to better  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Collector: A Novel Way of Harnessing the Sun's Energy Overview The team analysed the prototype and different design alternatives.The goal of the Solar Collector is to better harness the solar energy by focusing the sun's energy through a series of curved reflective fins. A challenge the team

Demirel, Melik C.

465

Water Resources Management Degree Program Examples The tables below show some of the ways in which a student can tailor the Water Resources Management curriculum to fit their interests and needs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources Management Degree Program Examples The tables below show some of the ways in which a student can tailor the Water Resources Management curriculum to fit their interests and needs. Each Hydrogeology Category B - Water Resources Institutions and Public Decision Making Processes Journalism 315

Sheridan, Jennifer

466

Microbes pave way for 'nanowires' -vnunet.com http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2139059/microbes-fire-nanowires 1 of 3 6/29/2005 5:24 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

over nanotech breakthrough Nanotech to turbocharge PC and mobile data More stories News centre News structures that are highly electrically conductive, paving the way for organically-based nanotechnology. "These could provide new approaches to using microbes to assist in the remediation of DOE waste sites

Lovley, Derek

467

Solar energy is often perceived as "good for Arizona or Florida," not for New York. This presentation shows that misconceptions about solar energy stand in the way of unique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar energy is often perceived as "good for Arizona or Florida," not for New York. This presentation shows that misconceptions about solar energy stand in the way of unique opportunities for clean of solar radiation received at the earth's surface. In fact, the difference in the solar energy collectable

Perez, Richard R.

468

BOILING CRISIS:THEORY,SIMULATION,AND EXPERIMENTSBOILING CRISIS: THEORY, SIMULATION, AND EXPERIMENTS Boiling is a very efficient way to transfer heat from a heater to the liquid heat carrier. We discuss the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that separates the liquid from the heater. Film boiling can be also observed in the kitchen by sprinkling water onto a hot frying pan. In spite of the large temperature of the heater (the pan) the water drops Boiling is a very efficient way to transfer heat from a heater to the liquid heat carrier. We discuss

Nikolayev, Vadim S.

469

Investigations of Altered Proteome Dynamics in Calorie Restriction, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dude, I think I got food poisoned from some fish I ate lastSure you did. Food poisoning, the ultimate scapegoat. Way to

Khambatta, Cyrus Farrokh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Journal of NUCLEAR SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY, 21[1] pp.1~9 (January 1984). 1 Present Status of Study on Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the development of nuclear power generation has not been changed because of maldistribution of the fossil energy resources, their ultimate shortage and the harmful effect of their burnings upon the environment. AccordingJournal of NUCLEAR SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY, 21[1] pp.1~9 (January 1984). 1 REVIEW Present Status

Laughlin, Robert B.

471

The theme of the harmful effects of science in the works of C. S. Lewis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature--his trilogy which includes Out of the Si 2ent P2anet, Peze2andra, and That Hide- ou" Str ength. In T' he Abo2i*ion of Man Lewis described the process of debunking of traditional values which he saw going on in educa- Lion, in sociology... two novels of the trilogy, &at of the Silent P2anet and Pere2andra. Chapter IV shows the working out of these ideas in That IIir2eous Strength. In Chap- ter V there is both a summary of Lewis's fears of science without values or restraints and a...

Crowell, Faye Ann

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Targeting the brain : identifying and inhibiting harmful protein-amyloid interactions in Alzheimer's disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dishes (MatTek Co. , Ashland, MA) and incubated overnight.collagen (MatTek Co. , Ashland, MA) and incubated overnightdishes (MatTek Co. , Ashland, MA) and incubated overnight.

Habib, Lila K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerating harm reduction Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PREVENTION FOR SPORTS UTILITY VEHICLES WITH HUMAN-IN-THE-LOOP EVALUATIONS Summary: Cherokee vehicle up to lateral acceleration of 0.6g. The performance of the proposed control...

474

Fish kill mechanisms and toxins exploration for the harmful alga Chattonella marina.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???The marine alga Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) has long attracted global attention for its association with massive mortality in wild and cultured fish worldwide. Respiratory disorder (more)

Shen, Min ( ??)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Perceptions of hookah smoking harmfulness: predictors and characteristics among current hookah users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among women in the Mid- dle East [11,12]. In the last twoAfrican Americans and Mid- dle Eastern ethnic groups wereof gender or ethnicity. Mid- dle Eastern ethnicity seems to

Aljarrah, Khaled; Ababneh, Zaid Q; Al-Delaimy, Wael K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

When Do Their Casualties Count? Exploring Wartime Decisions that Pit Security Against Harm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it does this through developing an innovative model that moves beyond the traditional rational choice assumptions. The model describes targeting decision inputs and outcomes. It also addresses how individuals make targeting choices. The distinction...-level and decision-making approaches, there have also been efforts to build bridges across the divide (see Bueno de Mesquita and McDermott 2004). This dissertation, by nature of its core puzzle, will focus on individual decisions as a means to understand targeting...

Roblyer, Dwight Andrew

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

477

without harmful fixatives is ideal for classroom use, especially when visualized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

when stored in sterile detergent free glass or plastic bottles at 2-8°C in the dark. Figure 1. SDS equipment and solutions (eg from HoeferTM) " UV transilluminator " Small plastic box lids or sealable plastic bags Handling Packaging: Screw cap plastic vials contained within foil bag. Storage: Store

Lebendiker, Mario

478

The Right to be Free from the Harm of Hate Speech in International Human Rights Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): 101114; Tobin, The Right to Health in International Law, 5153; James Griffin, On Human Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 179187; Amartya Sen, Elements of a Theory of Human Rights, Philosophy & Public Affairs 32, no. 4 (2004): 320...

Elbahtimy, Mona

479

Targeting the brain : identifying and inhibiting harmful protein-amyloid interactions in Alzheimer's disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOpure DIamond water purification system from Barnstead (NANOpure DIamond water purification system from Barnstead (

Habib, Lila K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

38Name ________________________________ Solar Proton Events can cause satellite damage and produce harmful radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solar panels 10% larger to they produce 4900 watts at launch. By the end of 2004, the power will have38Name ________________________________ Solar Proton Events can cause satellite damage and produce the SPEs between 1997 and 2004 with intensities greater than 300 pico-Flux Units (pFU). Study this table

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Predicting Harmful Algal Blooms: A Case Study with Dinophysis ovum in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Lisa Campbell Committee Members, George Jackson Heidi Sosik Masami Fujiwara Steve DiMarco Head of Department, Debbie Thomas May 2014 Major Subject: Oceanography...., 39, 303-312. 29 Johnson, M. D., Stoecker, D. K. and Marshall, H. G. (2013) Seasonal dynamics of Mesodinium rubrum in Chesapeake Bay. J. Plankton Res., 35, 877-893. Kim, M., Nam, S., Shin, W. et al. (2012) Dinophysis caudata (Dinophyceae...

Harred, Laura B

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

482

Harmful algal bloom species and phosphate-processing effluent: Field and laboratory studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harbor in southern Tampa Bay (Fig. 1). The State of Florida was then left to dispose of more than 1). Instabilities in the aging phospho- gypsum stacks of the Piney Point phosphate plant, along with potential an emergency permit to the FDEP allowing transport by barge of wastewater to an area greater than 74 km

Meyers, Steven D.

483

EXHAUST HOODSCRITICAL BUT COSTLY Exhaust hoods protect operators from breathing harmful fumes by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of natural gas burned each year, for the associated cooling and heating of outside make-up air. Consequently commercial space. State-Of-The-Art System Limitations Most state-of-the-art, energy-efficient fume hood by capturing, containing, and exhausting hazardous gases created in laboratory experiments or industrial

484

Collective guilt for harming future ingroup members: The case of American identity and global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

members on willingness to engage in behaviors that mitigate global warming. An experimental study extended these results by showing similar effects for actual behavior and pro-environmental attitudes. A final experiment extended the other studies...

Ferguson, Mark Allen

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

485

Less harm, less worry or how to improve network security by bounding system offensiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been developed (i.e., firewalls, intrusion detection systems, anti- virus, access control systems, etc. Measurements of the implemented prototype show that controlling the outgoing traffic does not affect perfor- mance at the sender machine, when traffic is not hostile. If traffic is hostile, the limited slow down

Cavallaro, Lorenzo

486

This page intentionally left blank. `CALLS CONSIDERED HARMFUL' AND OTHER OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@research.att.com Abstract. The software application domain of customer-oriented telephony is worth the attention approaches. 1. Introduction In the evolution of formal methods for software engineering, the time has come to develop formal methods for particular application domains [10,24]. This paper concerns the domain

Greenberg, Albert

487

Review Finds Ionization Can Heal or Harm Materials | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September 2010 B O N NReversing theFunctional

488

Issue #1: How Do We First Do No Harm with High-R Enclosures? | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOE VehicleStationaryLaboratory,Iowa labIsaac Chan Aboutof

489

Federal Environmental Impact Statements: Overly Inflated Needs Result in Needless Environmental Harm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact Statement (EIS) must include a statement of thefor a proposed action in an EIS. If adopted, this principleof these documents. An EIS must describe the proposed

Steinhoff, Gordon

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Discover Jacksonville | Ultimate Jaguars | First Coast Fugitives | Internet Directory | Jax2Go Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Periscope | Ultimate Yellow Pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Manatee County Port Authority Central Florida: Furniture Refinishers Sub- Contract Leathersmith

Richardson, Martin C.

491

Hippocampal Contributions to Control: The Third Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods, such as Q-learning [7] are computationally trivial (and therefore accurate) at the time of use in reasonable times. If we think of the inevitable resulting errors in evaluation as a form of computational, since they learn state-value functions or state- action-value functions that cache the results

Dayan, Peter

492

The Mass of the Milky Way Galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the Jaffe model as a global mass distribution for the Galaxy and determine the circular velocity $v_c$ and the Jaffe radius $r_j$ using the satellites of the Galaxy, estimates of the local escape velocity of stars, the constraints imposed by the known rotation curve of the disk, and the Local Group timing model. The models include the systematic uncertainties in the isotropy of the satellite orbits, the form of the stellar distribution function near the escape velocity, and the ellipticity of the M31/Galaxy orbit. If we include the Local Group timing constraint, then Leo I is bound, $v_c=230\\pm30\\kms$, and $r_j=180$ kpc (110 kpc $\\ltorder r_j \\ltorder $ 300 kpc) at 90\\% confidence. The satellite orbits are nearly isotropic with $\\beta=1-\\sigma_\\theta^2/\\sigma_r^2=0.07$ ($-0.7 \\ltorder \\beta \\ltorder 0.6$) and the stellar distribution function near the escape velocity is $f(\\epsilon)\\propto \\epsilon^k$ with $k_r=3.7$ ($0.8 \\ltorder k_r \\ltorder 7.6$) where $k_r=k+5/2$. While not an accurate measurement of $k$, it is consistent with models of violent relaxation ($k=3/2$). The mass inside 50 kpc is $(5.4\\pm1.3)\\times 10^{11} M_\\odot$. Higher mass models require that M31 is on its second orbit and that the halo is larger than the classical tidal limit of the binary. Such models must have a significant fraction of the Local Group mass in an extended Local Group halo. Lower mass models require that both M31 and Leo I are unbound, but there is no plausible mechanism to produce the observed deviations of M31 and Leo I from their expected velocities in an unbound system. If we do not use the Local Group timing model, the median mass of the Galaxy {\\it increases} significantly, and the error bars broaden. Using only the satellite, escape velocity, and disk rotation curve constraints, the

Christopher S. Kochanek

1995-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

493

Ways of Knowing and Inclusive Management Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plant diversi? cation and composting. Certi? cation stance,farmers practice of composting, which the regulationsbuilding blocks, research composting processes, such as

Feldman, Martha S; Khademian, Anne M; Ingram, Helen; Schneider, Anne S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Nanotechnology finding its way into flame retardancy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanotechnology is one of the key technologies of the 21{sup st} century. The exploitation of 'new' effects that arise from materials structured on the nano-scale has also been proposed successfully for flame retardancy of polymers since the end of the 90s. Of all of the approaches these include, at this time the use of nanocomposites offers the best potential for industrial application, also some other ideas are sketched, such as using electrospun nanofibers mats or layer-by-layer deposits as protection coatings, as well as sub-micrometer multilayer coatings as effective IR-mirrors. The general phenomena, inducing a flow limit in the pyrolysing melt and changing the fire residue, are identified in nanocomposites. Key experiments are performed such as quasi online investigation of the protection layer formation to understand what is going on in detail. The flame retardancy mechanisms are discussed and their impact on fire behaviour quantified. With the latter, the presentation pushes forward the state of the art. For instance, the heat shielding is experimentally quantified for a layered silicate epoxy resin nanocomposite proving that it is the only import mechanism controlling the reduction in peak heat release rate in the investigated system for different irradiations. The flame retardancy performance is assessed comprehensively illuminating not only the strengths but also the weak points of the concepts. Guidelines for materials development are deduced and discussed. Apart from inorganic fillers (layered silicate, boehmite, etc.) not only carbon nanoobjects such as multiwall carbon nanotubes, multilayer graphene and graphene are investigated, but also nanoparticles that are more reactive and harbor the potential for more beneficial interactions with the polymer matrix.

Schartel, Bernhard, E-mail: bernhard.schartel@bam.de [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Potential Condensed Fuel for the Milky Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potential condensed clouds of gas in the Galactic halo are examined in the context of the recent models of cooling, fragmenting clouds building up the baryonic mass of the Galaxy. 582 high-velocity clouds (HVCs) are defined as the potential infalling, condensed clouds and the sample's spatial and velocity distribution are presented. With the majority of the hydrogen in the clouds ionized (~85%), the clouds at a distribution of distances within 150 kpc, and their individual total masses below 10^7 Msun, the total mass in potentially condensed clouds is 1.1 - 1.4 x 10^9 Msun. If the tighter distance constraint of condensing cloud models, as well as feedback and additional accretion methods, are discussed.

M. E. Putman

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

496

Planck Surveyor On Its Way to Orbit  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

An Ariane 5 rocket carried the Planck Surveyor and a companion satellite into space May 14, 2009 from the European Space Agency (ESA) base on the northwest coast of South America. Once in orbit beyond the moon, Planck will produce the most accurate measurements ever made of the relic radiation from the big bang, plus the largest set of CMB data ever recorded. Berkeley Labs long and continuing involvement with Planck began when George Smoot of the Physics Division proposed Plancks progenitor to ESA and continues with preparations for ongoing data analysis for the U.S. Planck team at NERSC, led by Julian Borrill, co-leader of the Computational Cosmology Center

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

497

The Stanford Way: Turning Problems Into Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Students (BASES) Center for Entrepreneurial Studies (CES) Center for Social Innovation (CSI) Graduate

Prinz, Friedrich B.

498

Ways to Help Children Learn (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ponga l?mites. D?jele saber a los ni?os que tan lejos pueden llegar. a73 Cambie de m?todos si los que usa no dan resul- tado. Esc?chese a si mismo y a su ni?o. a73 Ponga un buen ejemplo. Sea amable y no abofe- tee a un ni?o. a73 Acepte la decisi?n de... Permita m?s libertad de la que el ni?o necesita. a73 Repita los m?todos que no dan resultado. Si usted dice, ?Te lo he dicho mil veces?, pruebe otro sistema. a73 Ponga un mal ejemplo. Si abofetea a los ni?os, eso es lo que aprenden. a73 D? a escoger si...

Warren, Judith L.

2002-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

499

In Darkest England and the Way Out  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Salvation A r m y was particularly strong in Bristol, in the working-class wards of N o t t i n g h a m and Leicester, and in the Northern towns o f Hull , Barnsley, Darl ington and Scarborough. It was always much 4 B. B. Gilbert, The Evolution... a match factory with the aim of undermining the large match firms. If the trade-union move ment harboured any fears that the factory, opened in June 1890, would be a source of cheap labour and unfair competition, it was reassured by Smith himself...

Bailey, Victor

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

AZ Pending Solar Right-of-Way  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.68 Yuma FO AZA34739 IDIT Inc. N1 CSP Trough 12255.74 Yuma FO AZA34754 Horizon Wind Energy, LLC F1 Solar Field Office C2 C1 FLAGSTAFF KINGMAN Kingman Field Office COLORADO LAKE PRESCOTT HAVASU CITY R D4 F1 I2) City, State, County Parks County Lands BLM National Monument BLM Field Office Boundary BLM District

Laughlin, Robert B.