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1

No way to cool the ultimate greenhouse  

SciTech Connect

When the Clinton Administration announced its Climate Change Action Plan last week, some press accounts called it an effort to halt greenhouse warming. To greenhouse experts, however, cutting emissions of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the end of the decade -- the goal of the plan -- will only delay the inevitable. Such modest conservation measures, as a recent study shows, will buy humanity valuable time to adapt to the greenhouse world, but they will have little effect on how warm the global climate ultimately becomes. Centuries down the road, humanity will have to come to grips with elevated temperatures due to increased atmospheric CO[sub 2] levels. Reducing emissions will slow the warming process and give humanity more time to adapt.

Kerr, R.A.

1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

2

IN HARM'S WAY: Lack Of Federal Coal Ash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN HARM'S WAY: Lack Of Federal Coal Ash Regulations Endangers Americans And Their Environment 2010 Thirty-nine New Damage Cases of Contamination from Improperly Disposed Coal Combustion Waste, Editor and Contributing Author #12;IN HARM'S WAY: Lack of Federal Coal Ash Regulations Endangers

Short, Daniel

3

Are peanuts harmful for squirrels?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Date: NA Question: Are peanuts harmful for squirrels? In the winter I put out field corn. Presently have one friendly female who looks for a treat to be tossed her way....

4

Ultimate Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ultimate Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Ultimate Biofuels LLC Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48108 Product Plans to develop sweet sorghum based ethanol plants....

5

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation GraphenePore.jpg Key Challenges: Investigate the permeability and...

6

The ultimate disposition of depleted uranium  

SciTech Connect

Significant amounts of the depleted uranium (DU) created by past uranium enrichment activities have been sold, disposed of commercially, or utilized by defense programs. In recent years, however, the demand for DU has become quite small compared to quantities available, and within the US Department of Energy (DOE) there is concern for any risks and/or cost liabilities that might be associated with the ever-growing inventory of this material. As a result, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), was asked to review options and to develop a comprehensive plan for inventory management and the ultimate disposition of DU accumulated at the gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs). An Energy Systems task team, under the chairmanship of T. R. Lemons, was formed in late 1989 to provide advice and guidance for this task. This report reviews options and recommends actions and objectives in the management of working inventories of partially depleted feed (PDF) materials and for the ultimate disposition of fully depleted uranium (FDU). Actions that should be considered are as follows. (1) Inspect UF{sub 6} cylinders on a semiannual basis. (2) Upgrade cylinder maintenance and storage yards. (3) Convert FDU to U{sub 3}O{sub 8} for long-term storage or disposal. This will include provisions for partial recovery of costs to offset those associated with DU inventory management and the ultimate disposal of FDU. Another recommendation is to drop the term tails'' in favor of depleted uranium'' or DU'' because the tails'' label implies that it is waste.'' 13 refs.

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bundling occupational safety with harm reduction information as a feasible method for improving police receptiveness to syringe access programs: evidence from three U.S. cities

Corey S Davis; Leo Beletsky; Open Access

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Does Bankruptcy Protection Harm the Airline Industry?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does Bankruptcy Protection Harm the Airline Industry?lower fare during bankruptcy does not necessarily mean thatof this opportunity and how does the resulting change aect

Lee, Hwa Ryung

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Jefferson Lab Science Series - The Ultimate Speed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Higgs Boson and Our Life Higgs Boson and Our Life Previous Video (The Higgs Boson and Our Life) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (What Is CEBAF All About?) What Is CEBAF All About? The Ultimate Speed Dr. William Bertozzi - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sometime in 1962 In his youth, Dr. William Bertozzi, an MIT professor who has long been a leader in experimental nuclear physics using beams of electrons, carried out an experiment in which he explored the relationship between the velocity of electrons and their kinetic energy by measurements over a range of accelerating voltages between 0.5 MeV and 15 MeV. The kinetic energy is measured using calorimetry and the velocity is measured by time-of-flight. This educational film, made in 1962, documents the experiment and shows

10

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealedc consensus. Harmful Algae 8:313. 2. Sunda WG, Graneli E,of the United States. Harmful Algae 8:3953. 4. Smayda TJ (

Grigoriev, Igor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Control of Wire Rod Physical Properties Like Ultimate Tensile ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 1, 2001 ... Control of Wire Rod Physical Properties Like Ultimate Tensile Strength and Elongation by Close Monitoring of Rolling Energy Input

12

The ULTIMATE Tesla Coil Design and Construction Guide, 1 edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The only book available to cover the Tesla coil in so much detail The Ultimate Tesla Coil Design and Construction Guide is a one-stop reference covering the theory, design tools, and techniques necessary to create the Tesla coil using modern ...

Mitch Tilbury

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEMS ULTIMATE LIGHTING The Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architecture. 1 Introduction Computational Grids are becoming increasingly common, promising ultimately motivate and discuss the global architecture of the project. 2 A Vision of Grid-Empowered Application Service Architecture (OGSA) [?], GridLab's architecture will revolve around 2 #12;the notion of services

Lü, James Jian-Qiang

14

Aspirations and Well-Being: When Are High Aspirations Harmful?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Are high aspirations harmful or beneficial? The hedonic adaptation prevention model posits that lofty aspirations are detrimental to well-being (Lyubomirsky, 2011; Sheldon & Lyubomirsky, 2012), (more)

Bao, Katherine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Harmful Exhaust Emissions Monitoring of Road Vehicle Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road vehicle improve the quality of people's life, however harmful vehicle exhaust emissions, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrocarbon (HC), and sulphur dioxide (SO2), have become more and more unacceptable ... Keywords: optic absorption spectroscopy based gas sensor, harmful exhaust emission monitoring, engine vibration

Chuliang Wei; Zhemin Zhuang; H. Ewald; A. I. Al-Shamma'a

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

THERMAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS ON ULTIMATE HEAT SINKS - COOLING PONDS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

THERMAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS THERMAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS ON ULTIMATE HEAT SINKS - COOLING PONDS R. K. Hadlock 0 . B. Abbey Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories Prepared for U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission b + NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the United States nor the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, nor assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, pro- duct or process disclosed, nor represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. F Available from National Technical Information Service

17

Spotlight on Michigan: Sweeping the State for Ultimate Success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Version 2 2011 Version 2 betterbuildings.energy.gov/neighborhoods Spotlight on Michigan: Sweeping the State for Ultimate Success Service Delivery The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is part of the national Better Buildings Initiative led by the U.S. Department of Energy. To learn how the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is making homes more comfortable and businesses more lucrative and to read more from this Spotlight series, visit betterbuildings.energy.gov/neighborhoods. 1 A Sweeping Experiment: Better Buildings Tests Offerings in Michigan Neighborhoods BetterBuildings for Michigan is a statewide program using an innovative neighborhood "sweeps" delivery model to reach its residential target audience. Sweeps target one 420-home neighborhood at a time with a blitz of outreach, contractor scheduling, and

18

Novel Materials Become Multifunctional at the Ultimate Quantum Limit |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outsmarting Flu Viruses Outsmarting Flu Viruses How Lead-Free Solder (Mis)Behaves under Stress Dynamics of Polymer Chains Atop Different Materials Priming the Pump in the Fight against Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis The Ties that Bind Metals to Proteins Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Novel Materials Become Multifunctional at the Ultimate Quantum Limit NOVEMBER 9, 2012 Bookmark and Share Illustration of a 4-unit-cell film of NdNiO3 (white) confined by LaAlO3 (blue) at the boundaries to make a quantum well structure. Our computers carry out their functions on several semiconducting devices layered together in the very smallest of spaces, known as quantum wells,

19

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking, because the ...

Bertrand, Erin Marie

20

Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ultimate fast optical switching of a microcavity in the telecom wavelength range  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied a GaAs-AlAs microcavity with a resonance near 1300 nm in the telecom range by ultrafast pump-probe reflectivity. By the judicious choice of pump frequency, we observe a ultimate fast and reversible decrease of the resonance frequency by more than half a linewidth due to the instantaneous electronic Kerr eff?ect. The switch-on and switch-off? of the cavity is only limited by the cavity storage time of ?tcav = 0.3ps and not by intrinsic material parameters. Our results pave the way to supra-THz switching rates for on-chip data modulation and real-time cavity quantum electrodynamics.

Ctistis, Georgios; Hartsuiker, Alex; Claudon, Julien; Bazin, Maela; Grard, Jean-Michel; Vos, Willem L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Future Synchrotron Light Sources Based on Ultimate Storage Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of this talk is to describe how far one might push the state of the art in storage ring design. The talk will start with an overview of the latest developments and advances in the design of synchrotron light sources based on the concept of an 'ultimate' storage ring. The review will establish how bright a ring based light source might be, where the frontier of technological challenges are, and what the limits of accelerator physics are. Emphasis will be given to possible improvements in accelerator design and developments in technology toward the goal of achieving an ultimate storage ring. An ultimate storage ring (USR), defined as an electron ring-based light source having an emittance in both transverse planes at the diffraction limit for the range of X-ray wavelengths of interest for a scientific community, would provide very high brightness photons having high transverse coherence that would extend the capabilities of X-ray imaging and probe techniques beyond today's performance. It would be a cost-effective, high-coherence 4th generation light source, competitive with one based on energy recovery linac (ERL) technology, serving a large number of users studying material, chemical, and biological sciences. Furthermore, because of the experience accumulated over many decades of ring operation, it would have the great advantage of stability and reliability. In this paper we consider the design of an USR having 10-pm-rad emittance. It is a tremendous challenge to design a storage ring having such an extremely low emittance, a factor of 100 smaller than those in existing light sources, especially such that it has adequate dynamic aperture and beam lifetime. In many ultra-low emittance designs, the injection acceptances are not large enough for accumulation of the electron beam, necessitating on-axis injection where stored electron bunches are completely replaced with newly injected ones. Recently, starting with the MAX-IV 7-bend achromatic cell, we have made significant progress with the design of PEP-X, a USR that would inhabit the decommissioned PEP-II tunnel at SLAC. The enlargement of the dynamic aperture is largely a result of the cancellations of the 4th-order resonances in the 3rd-order achromats and the effective use of lattice optimization programs. In this paper, we will show those cancellations of the 4th-order resonances using an analytical approach based on the exponential Lie operators and the Poisson brackets. Wherever possible, our analytical results will be compared with their numerical counterparts. Using the derived formulae, we will construct 4th-order geometric achromats and use them as modules for the lattice of the PEP-X USR, noting that only geometric terms are canceled to the 4th order.

Cai, Yunhai; /SLAC

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

23

BNL United Way Campaign  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

about Long Island issues and challenges. Because we care, we come together to raise money towards The United Way of Long Island, which provides "services to children and...

24

k-way merge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Author: PEB. Implementation. Jordan Zimmerman's k-way merge (Java). Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page. ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

25

The hyperplanes of DW(5, 2) Harm Pralle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hyperplanes of DW(5, 2) Harm Pralle Abstract A (geometric) hyperplane of a geometry is a proper polar space DW(5, 2): Theoretical results from Shult, Pasini and Shpectorov, and the author guarantee embedding of DW(5, 2). MSC 2000: 05E15, 05E20, 51A50, 51E20 Key words: backtrack algorithm, dual polar

Pralle, Harm

26

Ultimate capacity of suction caisson in normally and lightly overconsolidated clays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum exploration and production in recent years have moved into increasingly deeper water off the continental shelf. Some of these facilities are anchored in water depths in excess of 1000 meters. Exploration and production in deep water present new technological challenges where traditional fixed platforms have given way to floating structures. Today suction caissons are the most commonly used anchorage system for permanent offshore oil production facility. The objective of this study is to numerically predict the ultimate capacity of suction caissons in normally consolidated and lightly overconsolidated clays. Representative soil profile from the Gulf of Mexico and the North Sea are taken and analyzed for suction caissons with length over diameter ratios of 2, 4, 6 & 8. Normalized failure load interaction diagrams are generated for each of the cases. The location of optimum attachment point is also reported for each of the cases. General purpose finite element computer program ABAQUS is used for the numerical prediction. The finite element study is carried out with three-dimensional models using hybrid elements. A simplified elastic perfectly plastic model with von-Mises yield criterion is used for the study. The saturated clay is treated as an incompressible material. Results of the study compares well with existing simplified method for estimating load capacity of suction caisson anchors.

Sharma, Partha Pratim

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Tissue architecture: the ultimate regulator of breast epithelial function  

SciTech Connect

A problem in developmental biology that continues to take center stage is how higher organisms generate diverse tissues and organs given the same cellular genotype. In cell and tumor biology, the key question is not the production of form, but its preservation: how do tissues and organs maintain homeostasis, and how do cells within tissues lose or overcome these controls in cancer? Undoubtedly, mechanisms that maintain tissue specificity should share features with those employed to drive formation of the tissues. However, they are unlikely to be identical. At a simplistic level, developmental pathways may be thought of as a series of extremely rapid short-term events. Each new step depends on what came before, and the outcome is the organism itself at birth. All organs, with a few notable exceptions, such as the mammary gland and the brain, 'arrive' together and are complete when the organism is born. In mice and humans, these events occur in a mere 21 days and 9 months respectively. The stability of the differentiated state and the homeostasis of the organism, on the other hand, will last 40-110 times longer. How does the organism achieve this feat? How are tissues maintained? These questions also relate fundamentally to how tissues become malignant and, although not discussed here, to aging. While there is much literature on differentiation - loosely defined as the gain of a single or a series of functions - we know much less about the forces and the pathways that maintain organ morphology and function as a unit. This may be partly because it is difficult to study a tissue as a unit in vivo and there are few techniques that allow maintenance of organs in vitro long enough and in such a way as to make cell and molecular biology experiments possible. Techniques for culturing cells in three-dimensional gels (3D) as a surrogate for tissues, however, have been steadily improving and the method is now used by several laboratories. In this commentary we discuss the following: first, how our laboratory came to develop a model of the mammary gland acinus; second, what this model has told us about mechanisms that govern tissue specificity and malignancy; and third, possible directions for future studies. We summarize the evidence for the central role of ECM signaling in the maintenance of mammary function in culture and (more briefly) its role in tumorigenesis. This is followed by a discussion of the role that tissue architecture and tissue polarity (as opposed to cell polarity) may play in these processes. In an elegantly written and reasoned essay, Kirschner et al. coined the new science of developmental biology 'molecular vitalism'. They framed new concepts for self-organization as well as schemes for information flow in biological organization. Rao et al. reviewed and elaborated on differential-equation-based models of biochemical reaction networks and intracellular noise, with emphasis on bacteria and phage. Similarly, Hartwell et al. discussed the synergy between experiment and theory in elucidating 'modules' - collections of interacting molecules - and in unraveling how these modules collaborate to perform cellular functions such as signal transduction. We believe that many of these ideas will also be applicable to the maintenance of tissue specificity. As much as we agree with Kirschner et al. regarding the limitations of the machine analogy to biological systems, we conclude with thoughts on how we may proceed to model the complex tissue networks that govern breast tissue architecture. We suggest that our understanding of the structure and function of breast tissue would benefit from examining recent techniques for modeling large complex networks such as the World Wide Web and the Internet backbone among others.

Bissell, Mina J; Rizki, Aylin; Mian, Saira

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

28

Moving Toward Zero Energy Homes: The Ultimate Family Home, Las Vegas, Nevada (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Brochure describes the energy efficient and solar energy features of the Ultimate Family Home Zero Energy Home, participant in the Zero Energy Homes initiative.

Not Available

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Transmission Right Of Way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About SNR > Right Of Way About SNR > Right Of Way Right Of Way Preferred Vegetation List - Redding & Foothills (XLS - 23K) Preferred Vegetation List - Sacramento Valley (XLS - 170K) WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING THE USE OF ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LINE RIGHTS-OF-WAY Western Area Power Administration (Western) owns a right-of-way easement along the length of the transmission line (width varies by transmission line). Western's rights within the easement include the right to construct, reconstruct, operate, maintain, and patrol the transmission line. Rights usually reserved to the landowner include the right to cultivate, occupy, and use the land for any purpose that does not conflict with Western's use of its easement. To avoid potential conflicts, it is Western's policy to review all proposed uses within the transmission line easement. We consider (1) Safety of the public, (2) Safety of our Employees, (3) Restrictions covered in the easement, (4) Western's maintenance requirements, and (5) Protection of the transmission line structures and (6) Road or street crossings.

30

Niche of harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens revealed through ecogenomics  

SciTech Connect

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking because the biochemical pathways that facilitate their dominance relative to other phytoplankton within specific environments have not been identified. Here, biogeochemical measurements demonstrated that the harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens outcompeted co-occurring phytoplankton in estuaries with elevated levels of dissolved organic matter and turbidity and low levels of dissolved inorganic nitrogen. We subsequently sequenced the first HAB genome (A. anophagefferens) and compared its gene complement to those of six competing phytoplankton species identified via metaproteomics. Using an ecogenomic approach, we specifically focused on the gene sets that may facilitate dominance within the environmental conditions present during blooms. A. anophagefferens possesses a larger genome (56 mbp) and more genes involved in light harvesting, organic carbon and nitrogen utilization, and encoding selenium- and metal-requiring enzymes than competing phytoplankton. Genes for the synthesis of microbial deterrents likely permit the proliferation of this species with reduced mortality losses during blooms. Collectively, these findings suggest that anthropogenic activities resulting in elevated levels of turbidity, organic matter, and metals have opened a niche within coastal ecosystems that ideally suits the unique genetic capacity of A. anophagefferens and thus has facilitated the proliferation of this and potentially other HABs.

Gobler, C J; Grigoriev, I V; Berry, D L; Dyhrman, S T; Wilhelm, S W; Salamov, A; Lobanov, A V; Zhang, Y; Collier, J L; Wurch, L L; Kustka, A B; Dill, B D; Shah, M; VerBerkomes, N C; Kuo, A; Terry, A; Pangilinan, J; Lindquist, E A; Lucas, S; Paulsen, I; Hattenrath-Lehmann, T K; Talmage, S; Walker, E A; Koch, F; Burson, A M; Marcoval, M A; Tang, Y; LeCleir, G R; Coyne, K J; Berg, G M; Bertrand, E M; Saito, M A; Gladyshev, V N

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

Proximate and Ultimate Compositional Changes in Corn Stover during Torrefaction using Thermogravimetric Analyzer and Microwaves  

SciTech Connect

Abstract The world is currently aiming to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to achieve a sustainable renewable supply. Renewable energies represent a diversity of energy sources that can help to maintain the equilibrium of different ecosystems. Among the various sources of renewable energy, biomass is considered carbon neutral because the carbon dioxide released during its use is already part of the carbon cycle. Increasing the use of biomass for energy can help to reduce the negative CO2 impact on the environment and help meet the targets established in the Kyoto Protocol. Energy from biomass can be produced from different processes, including thermochemical (direct combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis), biological (anaerobic digestion, fermentation), or chemical (esterification) technologies. There are lot challenges in using biomass for energy applications. To name few low bulk density, high moisture content, irregular size and shape, hydrophilic nature and low calorific value. In commercial scale operation large quantities of biomass are needed and this will create problems associated with storage and transportation. Furthermore, grinding raw biomass with high moisture content is very challenging as there are no specific equipments and can increase the costs and in some cases it becomes highly impossible. All of these drawbacks led to development of some pretreatment techniques to make biomass more suitable for fuel applications. One of the promising techniques is torrefaction. Torrefaction is heating the biomass in an inert environment or reduced environment. During torrefaction biomass losses moisture, becomes more brittle and with increased energy density values. There are different techniques used for torrefaction of biomass. Fixed bed, bubbling sand bed and moving bed are the most common ones used. The use of microwaves for torrefaction purposes has not been explored. In the present study we looked into the torrefaction of biomass using the regular and microwaves and their effect on proximate and ultimate composition. Studies indicated that microwave torrefaction is a good way to torrefy the biomass in short periods of time. A maximum calorific value of 21 MJ/kg is achievable at 6 min residence time compared to 15 min using the dry torrefaction technique. Increasing the residence time increased the carbon content where a maximum carbon content of 52.20 % was achievable at lower residence time. The loss of volatiles is comparatively lower compared to dry torrefaction technique. Moisture content of microwave torrefied samples was in between 2-2.5 % (w.b).

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Why Plaintiffs Should Have to Prove Irreparable Harm in Copyright Preliminary Injunction Cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a presumption of irreparable harm in Torpso Hockey v.Kor Hockey. 42 However, the court opined that eBay?s logic

Samuelson, Pamela

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Analysis of ultimate energy consumption by sector in Islamic republic of Iran  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total ultimate energy consumption in Iran was 1033.32 MBOE in 2006, and increased at an average annual rate of 6% in 1996-2006. Household and commercial sector has been the main consumer sector (418.47 MBOE) and the fastest-growing sector (7.2%) that ... Keywords: Iran, agricultural sector, energy audits, energy consumption, industrial sector, residential and commercial sector, transportation sector

B. Farahmandpour; I. Nasseri; H. Houri Jafari

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Climate Change - The Way Forward  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Washington, DC May 14 -17, 2001 Concerns that the continued use of fossil fuels will in some way cause adverse changes to the world's climate can be...

35

Optimal estimation of losses at the ultimate quantum limit with non-Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the estimation of the loss parameter of a bosonic channel probed by arbitrary signals. Unlike the optimal Gaussian probes, which can attain the ultimate bound on precision asymptotically either for very small or very large losses, we prove that Fock states at any fixed photon number saturate the bound unconditionally for any value of the loss. In the relevant regime of low-energy probes, we demonstrate that superpositions of the first low-lying Fock states yield an absolute improvement over any Gaussian probe. Such few-photon states can be recast quite generally as truncations of de-Gaussified photon-subtracted states.

G. Adesso; F. Dell'Anno; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; L. A. M. Souza

2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

36

Effect of location and orientation of two short dents on ultimate compressive strength of a thin square steel plate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin plates are subject to several imperfections (including dents) which reduce the ultimate strength of plates. In this work, nearness effect of two short dents of same size on the ultimate strength of a thin square steel plate is numerically investigated. ...

A. V. Raviprakash; B. Prabu; N. Alagumurthi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Assessing Fatigue and Ultimate Load Uncertainty in Floating Offshore Wind Turbines Due to Varying Simulation Length  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With the push towards siting wind turbines farther offshore due to higher wind quality and less visibility, floating offshore wind turbines, which can be located in deep water, are becoming an economically attractive option. The International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) 61400-3 design standard covers fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines, but there are a number of new research questions that need to be answered to modify these standards so that they are applicable to floating wind turbines. One issue is the appropriate simulation length needed for floating turbines. This paper will discuss the results from a study assessing the impact of simulation length on the ultimate and fatigue loads of the structure, and will address uncertainties associated with changing the simulation length for the analyzed floating platform. Recommendations of required simulation length based on load uncertainty will be made and compared to current simulation length requirements.

Stewart, G.; Lackner, M.; Haid, L.; Matha, D.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Assessing Fatigue and Ultimate Load Uncertainty in Floating Offshore Wind Turbines Due to Varying Simulation Length  

SciTech Connect

With the push towards siting wind turbines farther offshore due to higher wind quality and less visibility, floating offshore wind turbines, which can be located in deep water, are becoming an economically attractive option. The International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) 61400-3 design standard covers fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines, but there are a number of new research questions that need to be answered to modify these standards so that they are applicable to floating wind turbines. One issue is the appropriate simulation length needed for floating turbines. This paper will discuss the results from a study assessing the impact of simulation length on the ultimate and fatigue loads of the structure, and will address uncertainties associated with changing the simulation length for the analyzed floating platform. Recommendations of required simulation length based on load uncertainty will be made and compared to current simulation length requirements.

Stewart, G.; Lackner, M.; Haid, L.; Matha, D.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Predicting the devolatilization behavior of any coal from its ultimate analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FLASHCHAIN has been developed to predict yields and product characteristics from any coal for any operating conditions. This evaluation demonstrates the model`s utility for the usual situation where the ultimate analysis is the only sample-specific information available. It also identifies the key reaction centers in coal as its structural components called labile bridges. Their elemental compositions are grossly different than the analogous whole-coal properties, showing much stronger rank dependences and a much higher degree of sample-to-sample variability. In light of these findings, it is inconceivable that bride conversion rates are rank-independent. Parameters in the rate law for bridge conversion in FLASHCHAIN are now explicitly related to the elemental compositions of bridges. The (O/C){sub B} ratios are the best regression variable for the rate constants because oxygen is the most effective promoter of pyrolytic decompositions. The (O/H){sub B} rates are best for the selectivity coefficient between scission and condensation into char links because oxygen promotes crosslinking but hydrogen addition to broken bridge fragments stabilizes them. These extensions are evaluated in comparisons against a database of 27 coals that span all ranks from lignite to anthracite, for heating rates from 5 to 5,000 K/s, ultimate temperatures to 1,300 K, and pressures from vacuum to 70 MPa. In four out of five cases, predicted total and tar yields are within experimental uncertainties. The model is also used to rigorously define nominal devolatilization rates for diverse coal types and broad ranges of operating conditions. Nominal rates have very low activation energies, proving that heat and mass transport resistances are not responsible for the low values because this theory is completely free of these considerations. Whereas nominal rates are rather insensitive to coal type variations and independent of pressure, they vary in proportion to changes in heating rate.

Niksa, S. [SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Molecular Physics Lab.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Utilization of Spin Polarized Photoelectron Spectroscopy as a Probe of Electron Correlation with an Ultimate Goal of Pu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with an Ultimate Goal of Pu J.G. Tobin 1 , S.W. Yu 1 , B.W.goal of resolving the Pu electronic structure controversy.question of the nature of the Pu electronic structure. [

Tobin, James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The 2008 3-Way Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In R&D, Super X-rays Mark Many Spots In R&D, Super X-rays Mark Many Spots A New Gas Loading System for Diamond Anvil Cells at GSECARS Sidorowicz Named "Supervisor of the Year" SESS 2007: The School for Environmental Sciences with Synchrotrons Art and Science APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed The 2008 3-Way Meeting MARCH 25, 2008 Bookmark and Share The assembled 3WM attendees in the Argonne Bldg. 401 atrium. The 2008 Three-Way Meeting (3WM) between the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), the Super Photon Ring-8 GeV (SPring-8), and the Advanced Photon Source (APS) was held at Argonne on March 18-19, 2008, with more than 20 representatives from each facility. Topics discussed at the meeting

42

One-way Unlocalizable Information Deficit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce one-way unlocalizable information deficit with respect to the one-way information deficit, similar to the definition of one-way unlocalizable quantum discord with respect to one-way quantum discord. The properties of the one-way unlocalizable information deficit and the relations among one-way unlocalizable information deficit, one-way unlocalizable quantum discord, one-way quantum discord, one-way information deficit and other quantum correlations are investigated. Analytical formulas of the one-way unlocalizable quantum discord are given to detailed examples.

Xue-Na Zhu; Shao-Ming Fei

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

43

Unraveling the fish kill mechanism(s) of the harmful alga Chattonella marina, from the perspective of osmotic disturbance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???The harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, Chattonella marina, has caused severe economic loss to marine fisheries worldwide. In the past three decades, suffocation or respiratory (more)

Xu, Jingliang (???)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

PEP-X: An Ultimate Storage Ring Based on Fourth-Order Geometric Achromats  

SciTech Connect

We have designed an 'ultimate' storage ring for the PEP-X light source that achieves the diffraction limited emittances (at 1.5 {angstrom}) of 12 pm-rad in both horizontal and vertical planes with a 4.5-GeV beam. These emittances include the contribution of intrabeam scattering at a nominal current of 200 mA in 3300 bunches. This quality beam in conjunction with a conventional 4-m undulator in a straight section can generate synchrotron radiation having a spectral brightness above 10{sup 22} [photons/s/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}/0.1% BW] at a 10 keV photon energy. The high coherence at the diffraction limit makes PEP-X competitive with 4th generation light sources based on an energy recovery linac. In addition, the beam lifetime is several hours and the dynamic aperture is large enough to allow off-axis injection. The alignment and stability tolerances, though challenging, are achievable. A ring with all these properties is only possible because of several major advances in mitigating the effects of nonlinear resonances.

Cai, Yunhai; Bane, Karl; Hettel, Robert; Nosochkov, Yuri; Wang, Min-Huey; /SLAC

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

45

Easy ways to save energy It's really easy to do your bit! Here's a whole list of things you can do to save energy and water which  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and plastics. 13 - Buy local fresh food ­ so that energy is not wasted on transportation. Fresh food uses lessEasy ways to save energy It's really easy to do your bit! Here's a whole list of things you can do to save energy and water which will help to reduce the harmful CO2 emissions that contribute to global

Wright, Andy

46

Best Practices: Energy Savings Efficient energy use reduces Colorado State's total energy demand, decreases harmful  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

square foot on campus has flattened out. Students making a difference In 2004, Colorado State became one, decreases harmful emissions, and minimizes the cost of providing energy to the campus. As a result of energy conservation initiatives that have been implemented over the past 20 years, growth in the average demand per

47

APPENDIX C Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Protect Forests From Harm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on insect and disease activity in the state. Because the current aerial survey is conducted by different1 APPENDIX C ­ Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Data Gaps Protect Forests From Harm o. Need updated LANDFIRE data on the current condition of Colorado's lodgepole pine forests. Need a fuel

48

Security Automation Considered Harmful? W. Keith Edwards Erika Shehan Poole Jennifer Stoll  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security Automation Considered Harmful? W. Keith Edwards Erika Shehan Poole Jennifer Stoll School link in information security. Because of this perception, a growing body of research and commercial activity is focused on automated approaches to security. With these approaches, security decisions

Edwards, Keith

49

Find a SmartWay Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Find a SmartWay Vehicle Find a SmartWay Vehicle Looking for an environmentally friendly vehicle? SmartWay Logo Cars and trucks awarded EPA's...

50

BNL NONLINEAR PRE TEST SEISMIC ANALYSIS FOR THE NUPEC ULTIMATE STRENGTH PIPING TEST PROGRAM.  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has been conducting a multi-year research program to investigate the behavior of nuclear power plant piping systems under large seismic loads. The objectives of the program are: to develop a better understanding of the elasto-plastic response and ultimate strength of nuclear piping; to ascertain the seismic safety margin of current piping design codes; and to assess new piping code allowable stress rules. Under this program, NUPEC has performed a large-scale seismic proving test of a representative nuclear power plant piping system. In support of the proving test, a series of materials tests, static and dynamic piping component tests, and seismic tests of simplified piping systems have also been performed. As part of collaborative efforts between the United States and Japan on seismic issues, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) and its contractor, the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), are participating in this research program by performing pre-test and post-test analyses, and by evaluating the significance of the program results with regard to safety margins. This paper describes BNL's pre-test analysis to predict the elasto-plastic response for one of NUPEC's simplified piping system seismic tests. The capability to simulate the anticipated ratcheting response of the system was of particular interest. Analyses were performed using classical bilinear and multilinear kinematic hardening models as well as a nonlinear kinematic hardening model. Comparisons of analysis results for each plasticity model against test results for a static cycling elbow component test and for a simplified piping system seismic test are presented in the paper.

DEGRASSI,G.; HOFMAYER,C.; MURPHY,C.; SUZUKI,K.; NAMITA,Y.

2003-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

51

Did You Know, BNL United Way Campaign  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and independent United Ways in the nation. The United Way of Long Island raises money for over 180+ health and human service agencies, which provide services to children...

52

American Way Solar AWS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search Name American Way Solar (AWS) Place Plzen, Czech Republic Sector Solar Product Czech subsidiary of US PV panel manufacturer, American Way Solar (AWS)....

53

The fourteen principles of the Toyota Way.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis is aimed at discussing the principles of the Toyota Way, philosophy and system of management guidelines, by way of elaborating and evaluating upon (more)

Chacon, Andrez C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Model Year 2003 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 2 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay...

55

Model Year 2001 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 1 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG GHG Score SmartWay HONDA Accord...

56

Model Year 2007 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 18 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay...

57

Model Year 2008 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 20 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay...

58

When Do Their Casualties Count? Exploring Wartime Decisions that Pit Security Against Harm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation offers a new understanding about wartime decision making in the face of likely, but unintended, harm to foreign civilians. It empirically identifies conditions under which leaders in democratic nations are more or less likely to choose to attack a target when confronted with a dilemma between pursuing national security objectives and avoiding civilian casualties. An innovative targeting decision model was constructed that described both the theorized structure of the decisions inputs and the process by which these inputs are assembled into a choice. The model went beyond the normal target benefit and civilian casualty cost considerations of proportionality to also include the contextual input of prospect frame. Decision makers were expected to address the same benefit and cost differently depending on whether they were winning or losing the conflict. This was because the prospect frame would influence their risk attitudes, as predicted by prospect theory. This model was then tested via two decision-making experiments that used military officers and defense civilians as participants. Additionally, a statistical analysis of data collected from an extended period of the second Intifada was done to seek evidence that the model also applied in actual wartime decision making. All three tests supported portions of the targeting decision model. Higher target benefit and lower civilian casualty estimates increased support for the planned attack. Prospect frame influenced decisions in the cases where both target value and the civilian casualty estimates were high and the resulting dilemma was very difficult. In these situations, those told that their forces were losing the conflict were less sensitive to humanitarian harm and more likely to support the attack than when they were told their side was winning. Furthermore, the Intifada data analysis of attacks approved by Israeli officials against Palestinians found this same effect of prospect frame held generally across all six years of observations.

Roblyer, Dwight Andrew

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The ultimate high tide  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the possible coastal impacts of a rise in sea level. Control measures that are available to coastal communities are emphasized, including pumping of seawater into the ground, replenishing beach sand, protection or moving of potable-water intakes, elevating roadways, and building dikes. Economics will determine which, if any, measures are reasonable at a particular site. There is an upward trend in the mean CO{sub 2} concentration and predictions about the greenhouse effect are creating a rising tide of concern.

Dean, R.G. (Florida Dept. of Natural Resources, Tallahassee (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ultimate search engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the web according to the keywords specified by users. Different search engines are (more)

Patel, Chirag

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Model Year 2014 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 SmartWay Vehicles Updated November 6, 2013* *Vehicles may be added throughout the model year. Please check back for updates. Page 1 of 12 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales...

62

Model Year 2010 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 20 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score...

63

Model Year 2009 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 16 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas...

64

Model Year 2012 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 14 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas...

65

Model Year 2013 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Updated August 14, 2013* *Vehicles may be added throughout the model year. Please check back for updates. Page 1 of 13 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales...

66

Model Year 2000 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 1 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG GHG Score...

67

Model Year 2011 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 10 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas...

68

One-way transformation of information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for one-way transformation of data according to multiplication and/or exponentiation modulo a prime number. An implementation of the invention permits the one way residue transformation, useful in encryption and similar applications, to be implemented by n-bit computers substantially with no increase in difficulty or complexity over a natural transformation thereby, using a modulus which is a power of two.

Cooper, James A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The concept of information overload: A preliminary step in understanding the nature of a harmful information-related condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of content, both on and offline, to which people in reasonably affluent nations have access has increased to the point that it has raised concerns that we are now suffering from a harmful condition of information overload.' Although the phrase ... Keywords: attention, information ethics, information excess, information overload, information problem, normative standards, technostress

Kenneth Einar Himma

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Exploring Ways to Standardize Federal Energy Contracts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exploring Ways to Standardize Exploring Ways to Standardize Federal Energy Contracts May 23, 2013 Chandra Shah for Tracy J. Logan Program Analyst Federal Energy Management Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Energy Lawyers and Contracting Officers Working Group 2 Vision Evolution toward standardization of cross-sector and cross-project terms, conditions, reporting methodologies, financial calculations and contract structure to improve transparency and replicability of performance contracts. * Adoption of the Federal Uniform Performance Contract increases transparency and reduces transaction costs. * Technical and financial data and specifications are presented in a clear, predictable manner from contract to contract. * Federal Contracting Officers

71

Management of Ultimate Risk of Nuclear Power Plants by Source Terms - Lessons Learned from the Chernobyl Accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The term 'ultimate risk' is used here to describe the probabilities and radiological consequences that should be incorporated in siting, containment design and accident management of nuclear power plants for hypothetical accidents. It is closely related with the source terms specified in siting criteria which assures an adequate separation of radioactive inventories of the plants from the public, in the event of a hypothetical and severe accident situation. The author would like to point out that current source terms which are based on the information from the Windscale accident (1957) through TID-14844 are very outdated and do not incorporate lessons learned from either the Three Miles Island (TMI, 1979) nor Chernobyl accident (1986), two of the most severe accidents ever experienced. As a result of the observations of benign radionuclides released at TMI, the technical community in the US felt that a more realistic evaluation of severe reactor accident source terms was necessary. In this background, the 'source term research project' was organized in 1984 to respond to these challenges. Unfortunately, soon after the time of the final report from this project was released, the Chernobyl accident occurred. Due to the enormous consequences induced by then accident, the one time optimistic perspectives in establishing a more realistic source term were completely shattered. The Chernobyl accident, with its human death toll and dispersion of a large part of the fission fragments inventories into the environment, created a significant degradation in the public's acceptance of nuclear energy throughout the world. In spite of this, nuclear communities have been prudent in responding to the public's anxiety towards the ultimate safety of nuclear plants, since there still remained many unknown points revolving around the mechanism of the Chernobyl accident. In order to resolve some of these mysteries, the author has performed a scoping study of the dispersion and deposition mechanisms of fuel particles and fission fragments during the initial phase of the Chernobyl accident. Through this study, it is now possible to generally reconstruct the radiological consequences by using a dispersion calculation technique, combined with the meteorological data at the time of the accident and land contamination densities of {sup 137}Cs measured and reported around the Chernobyl area. Although it is challenging to incorporate lessons learned from the Chernobyl accident into the source term issues, the author has already developed an example of safety goals by incorporating the radiological consequences of the accident. The example provides safety goals by specifying source term releases in a graded approach in combination with probabilities, i.e. risks. The author believes that the future source term specification should be directly linked with safety goals. (author)

Genn Saji [Ex-Secretariate of Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan (Japan)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Shaking Things Up: NIST Researchers Propose New Old Way ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "The nanotube metrology project ... new ways to separate nanotubes, cheaper ways ... Spontaneous partition of carbon nanotubes in polymer-modified ...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Calculation of calorific values of coals from ultimate analyses: theoretical basis and geochemical implications. Final report. Part 8  

SciTech Connect

The various formulae for calculating calorific values for coals from ultimate analyses depend essentially on a propositon due to Dulong, that the heat of combustion of an organic compound is nearly equal to the heats of combustion of the elements in it, multiplied by their percentage content in the compound in question. This proposition assumes that the enthalpy of decomposition is negligible compared with the heat of combustion. The various published formulae, such as that due to Mott and Spooner, include empirical adjustments to allow for the fact that the enthalpy of formation or decomposition of no organic compound is zero (except rarely by chance). A new equation is proposed, which excludes empirical correction terms but includes a term explicitly related to the enthalpy of decomposition. As expected from the behavior of known compounds, this enthalpy varies with rank, but it also varies at the same level of rank with the geological history of the sample: rank is not the only source of variance in coal properties. The new equation is at least as effective in predicting calorific values for a set of 992 coals as equivalent equations derived for 6 subsets of the coals. On the whole, the distributions of differences between observed and calculated calorific values are skewed to only a small extent. About 86% of the differences lie between -300 and +300 Btu/lb (+- 700 kJ/kg). 10 references, 7 figures, 4 tables.

Given, P.H.; Weldon, D.; Zoeller, J.H.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An Idealized Comparison of One-Way and Two-Way Grid Nesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most mesoscale models can be run with either one-way (parasitic) or two-way (interactive) grid nesting. This paper presents results from a linear 1D shallow-water model to determine whether the choice of nesting method can have a significant ...

Lucas M. Harris; Dale R. Durran

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Technology: Lighting the Way to Tomorrow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology: Lighting the Way to Tomorrow Technology: Lighting the Way to Tomorrow Speaker(s): Jeff Quinlan Date: June 28, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Abby Enscoe Over the course of the last decade there have been a series of technological changes that have significantly impacted the lighting industry. This presentation examines a few of these changes. In particular, it will discuss the advent of lighting grade LEDs, the spread of controls from luminaires to the grid, and market factors that are spurring the need for improved systems. Starting with an examination of the macro economic trends, continuing through various elements of luminaire design, and concluding with a vision of better integrated systems, this presentation will show the state of the art in lighting technology and discuss what is

76

Idling is Not the Way to Go  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Is Not the Way To Go Is Not the Way To Go Idling your vehicle truly gets you nowhere. It increases our dependence on petroleum, reduces the fuel economy of your vehicle, costs you money, produces pollutants, and wastes precious natural resources. Researchers estimate that idling from heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles combined wastes about 6 billion gallons of fuel annually. When you make an effort to turn off your vehicle, you're on track to doing something better for yourself, your wallet, your environment, and your community. Modern Cars Don't Need To Idle Advances in vehicle technology have eliminated much of the need for idling, making it easier than ever to avoid. Computerized controls in today's vehicles bring the engine and catalyst up to their operating temperatures more

77

The Way Ahead - West Valley Demonstration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Update Update Project Update The Way Ahead The Way Ahead West Valley Demonstration Project Not to be Considered as a Regulatory Submittal Pre-decisional Draft 19817_1 The Way Ahead The Way Ahead Bryan Bower, DOE Director HLW Corporate Board October 6, 2008 FY 2008 Accomplishments Safety Performance Planned vs Actual 2.1 2.3 2 2 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.5 2 2.5 Actual Performance 1 Million Hours (9/3/08) 2007 DOE complex avg. TRC Safety Performance Planned vs Actual 2.1 2.3 2 2 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.5 2 2.5 Actual Performance 1 Million Hours (9/3/08) 2007 DOE complex avg. TRC One Million One Million Safe Work Hours! Safe Work Hours! TRC 0.5 DART 0.0 No lost-time injuries in FY 2008 Not to be Considered as a Regulatory Submittal Pre-decisional Draft 19817_2 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0 0.5 1 Sep -07 O ct-07 Nov-07 Dec-07 Jan-08 Feb-08 Mar-08 Apr-08 May-08 Ju n-08

78

Building Gauge Theories: The Natural Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The construction of a gauge field theory for elementary particles usually starts by promoting global invariance of the matter action to a local one, this in turn implying the introduction of gauge fields. We present here a procedure that runs the other way: starting from the action for gauge fields, matter is gauge invariantly coupled on the basis of Lorentz invariance and charge conservation. This natural approach prevents using the concept of particles separated from gauge fields that mediate interactions.

C. A. Garcia Canal; F. A. Schaposnik

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

79

Model Year 2013 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Updated August 14, 2013* *Vehicles may be added throughout the model year. Please check back for updates. Page 1 of 13 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DHNXV01.5WF2 small car 7 39 38 38 9 yes ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 8 39 38 38 9 yes ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.0CB2 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.4DB3 small car 6 22 31 26 7 yes AUDI A3 2 4 AMS-6 2WD Diesel FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5

80

Model Year 2014 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Updated December 20, 2013* *Vehicles may be added throughout the model year. Please check back for updates. Page 1 of 14 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 EHNXV01.58D2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV EHNXV01.58D2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV EHNXV02.0EB3 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes ACURA RLX 3.5 6 SemiAuto-7 4WD Gasoline FA B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 EHNXV03.52G2 midsize car 7 28 32 30 8 yes ACURA RLX 3.5 6 SemiAuto-7 4WD Gasoline CA L3SULEV30 California LEV-III SULEV30 EHNXV03.52G2 midsize car 8 28 32 30 8 yes ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Model Year 2012 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 14 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV CHNXV02.4DB9 small car 6 22 31 26 6 yes ACURA TSX Wagon 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV CHNXV02.4DB9 station wagon 6 22 30 25 6 yes AUDI A3 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Diesel FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 CVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 5 30 42 34 7 yes AUDI A3 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Diesel CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV CVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 6 30 42 34 7 yes AUDI A4 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV CADXJ02.03UB small car 6 22 30 25 6 yes AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV CADXJ02.03UB small car 6 21 31 25 6 yes AUDI A5 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV

82

Model Year 2004 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 5 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 4HNXV02.0RKC small car 6 21 28 24 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 4HNXV02.0XKC small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 4HNXV02.0XKC small car 6 24 30 26 8 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA LEV 4HNXV02.0RKC small car 6 21 28 24 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA LEV 4HNXV02.0XKC small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline CA LEV 4HNXV02.0XKC small car 6 24 30 26 8 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 4HNXV03.2CKR midsize car 7 18 26 21 6 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 4HNXV03.2CKR midsize car 7 18 28 21 6 yes ACURA TSX 2.4 (4 cyl) Auto-S5

83

Model Year 2005 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 9 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 5HNXV02.0HKC small car 6 20 28 23 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 5HNXV02.4KBP small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 5HNXV02.4KBP small car 6 24 31 26 8 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 5HNXV02.0HKC small car 6 20 28 23 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA L2 5HNXV02.4KBP small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline CA L2 5HNXV02.4KBP small car 6 24 31 26 8 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 5HNXV03.24B4 midsize car 7 18 26 21 6 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 5HNXV03.24B4 midsize car 7 18 26 21 6 yes ACURA TSX 2.4 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD

84

Model Year 2002 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 1 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG GHG Score SmartWay ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CL LEV 2HNXV02.0EKC small car 6 21 28 24 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CL LEV 2HNXV02.0VBP small car 6 21 30 24 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline CL LEV 2HNXV02.0VBP small car 6 23 30 26 8 yes HONDA Accord 2.3 (4 cyl) Auto-L4 2WD Gasoline CA SLEV 2HNXV02.3FK6 midsize car 9 20 28 23 7 yes HONDA CR-V 2.4 (4 cyl) Auto-L4 2WD Gasoline NF LEV 2HNXT02.4YBP SUV 6 20 26 23 7 yes HONDA Civic 1.7 (4 cyl) Auto-AV 2WD CNG CA SLEV 2HNXV01.74WN small car 9.5 26 31 28 9 yes HONDA Civic 1.7 (4 cyl) Auto-AV 2WD CNG NL+CF ULEV 2HNXV01.74WN small car 9 26 31 28 9 yes HONDA Civic 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline CL LEV 2HNXV02.0VBP small car 6 23 28 25 7 yes HONDA Insight 1 (3 cyl)

85

Model Year 2006 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 11 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 20 28 23 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 24 31 26 8 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 20 28 23 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA L2 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 22 31 25 7 yes ACURA RSX 2 (4 cyl) Man-5 2WD Gasoline CA L2 6HNXV02.0DKC small car 6 24 31 26 8 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 6HNXV03.2NKR midsize car 7 18 26 21 6 yes ACURA TL 3.2 (6 cyl) Man-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 6HNXV03.2NKR midsize car 7 18 26 21 6 yes ACURA TSX 2.4 (4 cyl) Auto-S5 2WD

86

Model Year 2011 SmartWay Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SmartWay Vehicles SmartWay Vehicles Page 1 of 10 Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score SmartWay ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV BHNXV02.4DB9 small car 6 22 31 26 6 yes ACURA TSX Wagon 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV BHNXV02.4DB9 station wagon 6 22 30 25 6 yes AUDI A3 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Diesel CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV BVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 6 30 42 34 7 yes AUDI A3 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Diesel FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 BVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 5 30 42 34 7 yes AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV BADXJ02.03UB small car 6 21 31 25 6 yes AUDI A4 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV BADXJ02.03UB small car 6 22 30 25 6 yes AUDI A5 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV

87

RNA Folding: A Little Cooperation Goes a Long Way | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Phase in Cellular Communication A New Phase in Cellular Communication Engineering Thin-Film Oxide Interfaces Novel Materials Become Multifunctional at the Ultimate Quantum Limit Outsmarting Flu Viruses How Lead-Free Solder (Mis)Behaves under Stress Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed RNA Folding: A Little Cooperation Goes a Long Way NOVEMBER 19, 2012 Bookmark and Share Shown here is the energy landscape for folding of a ribozyme, and how cooperation between tertiary interactions at different parts of the structure (red dots) help the RNA reach its unique native structure and avoid non-native intermediates. The nucleic acid RNA is an essential part of the critical process by which

88

DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in Florida DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in...

89

Gas Companies Right-of-Way (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Companies Right-of-Way (Maryland) Gas Companies Right-of-Way (Maryland) Eligibility Commercial Industrial Utility Program Information Maryland Program Type Siting and...

90

Application & Checklist for Highway Right of Way Lease | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Checklist for Highway Right of Way Lease Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Application and Checklist for Highway Right of Way Lease...

91

Goodwyn project under way off NW Australia  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the $2 billion (Australian) Goodwyn field development project on Australia's Northwest Shelf is under way with installation of a 17,500 metric ton steel platform jacket. Northwest Shelf project operator Woodside Petroleum Pty. Ltd. and partners are continuing with an extensive exploration program in the Northwest Shelf area. The group expects to begin soon a wide ranging 3-D seismic survey over the WA-28-P license area and the Northwest Shelf production permits. The goal is to identify new and appraise existing oil and gas prospects in the region for an exploratory drilling campaign to begin in first half 1993. Finding more gas reserves would bode well for extending existing LNG contracts with Japan or competing for new markets in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Not Available

1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

92

Meridian Way Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Facility Meridian Way Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Westar Energy/Empire District Electric Location Cloud County KS Coordinates 39.43274°, -97.545217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.43274,"lon":-97.545217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

Modified Newtonian Dynamics in the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both microlensing surveys and radio-frequency observations of gas flow imply that the inner Milky Way is completely dominated by baryons, contrary to the predictions of standard cold dark matter (CDM) cosmology. We investigate the predictions of the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) formula for the Galaxy given the measured baryon distribution. Satisfactory fits to the observationally determined terminal-velocity curve are obtained for different choices of the MOND's interpolating function mu(x). However, with simple analytical forms of mu(x), the local circular speed v_c(R_0) can be as large as 220 km/s only for values of the parameter a_0 that are excluded by observations of NGC 3198. Only a numerically specified interpolating function can produce v_c(R_0)=220 km/s, which is therefore an upper limit in MOND, while the asymptotic velocity is predicted to be v_c(infty)=170+-5 km/s. The data are probably not consistent with the functional form of mu(x) that has been explored as a toy model in the framework of Bekenstein's covariant theory of gravity.

B. Famaey; J. Binney

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

A Way to Understand the Mass Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain how the "maximally broken" family gauge theory may work; that is, the family gauge symmetry is respected at the Lagrangian level but broken spontaneously - also as a way to understand the mass-generation mechanism. We use the language of Hwang and Yan to write down an extended Standard Model - using renormalizable quantum field theory as the framework; to start with certain basic units together with a certain gauge group. Specifically we use the left-handed and right-handed spinors to form the basic units together with SUc(3) x SUL(2) x U(1) x SUf(3) as the gauge group. As shown in this paper, the scalar fields phi(1,2)(the standard Higgs), phi(3,1), and phi(3,2) (mainly the "project-out" neutral sector, as seen in the U-gauge), with the first family index and the second SUL(2) index, would do the job - that is, to make certain that all family particles are (very) massive and the phenomena of three generations, including neutrino oscillations, are there, and nothing more

W-Y. Pauchy Hwang

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Halo of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the star counts in the spheroid of the Milky Way are not symmetric about the l=0, l=180 deg. plane. The minimum counts are found towards l=155 deg. The Galactic longitude of maximum star counts depends on the magnitude and color selection of the halo stars. We interpret this as evidence that the spheroid population is triaxial with a major axis oriented 65 deg from the line of sight from the Sun to the Galactic center, and approximately perpendicular to the Galactic bar. Large local star concentrations from tidal debris and possible tidal debris are also observed. A full understanding of the Galactic spheroid population awaits position information and three dimensional space velocities for a representative set of stars in every substructure. Tangential velocities for many stars will be provided by current and planned astrometry missions, but no planned mission will measure stars faint enough to unravel the more distant parts of the spheroid, which contain the majority of the spatial substructure. This paper uses data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) public data release DR3.

Heidi Jo Newberg; Brian Yanny

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

96

Two measures of the shape of the Milky Ways dark halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to test the reliability of determinations of the shapes of galaxies dark matter halos, we have made such measurements for the Milky Way by two independent methods. First, we have combined the measurements of the over-all mass distribution of the Milky Way derived from its rotation curve and the measurements of the amount of dark matter in the solar neighborhood obtained from stellar kinematics to determine the flattening of the dark halo. Second, we have used the established technique based on the variation in thickness of the Milky Ways Hi layer with radius: by assuming that the Hi gas is in hydrostatic equilibrium in the gravitational potential of a galaxy, one can use the observe flaring of the gas layer to determine the shape of the dark halo. These techniques are found to produce a consistent estimate for the flattening of the dark matter halo, with a shortest-to-longest axis ratio of q ? 0.8, but only if one adopts somewhat non-standard values for the distance to the Galactic centre, R0, and the local Galactic rotation speed, ?0. For consistency, one requires values

Rob P. Olling; Michael R. Merrifield

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

SmartWay Transport SmartWay Transport Partnership to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: SmartWay Transport Partnership on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type SmartWay Transport Partnership The SmartWay Transport Partnership is a voluntary partnership between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the domestic freight

98

The milky way tomography with sdss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the photometric parallax method, we estimate the distances to {approx}48 million stars detected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and map their three-dimensional number density distribution in the Galaxy. The currently available data sample the distance range from 100 pc to 15 kpc and cover 6,500 deg{sup 2} of sky, mostly at high galactic latitudes (|b| > 25). These stellar number density maps allow an investigation of the Galactic structure without any a priori assumptions about its components. The data show strong evidence for a Galaxy consisting of an oblate halo, disk components, and a number of localized overdensities. The number density distribution of stars in the Solar neighborhood (D < 1.5kpc) favors a model having a ''thin'' and a ''thick'' exponential disk, with scale heights and lengths of H{sub 1} {approx} 280 pc and L{sub 1} {approx} 2400pc, and H{sub 2} {approx} 1200pc and L{sub 2} {approx} 3500pc, respectively, and local thick-to-thin disk normalization {rho}{sub thick} (R{sub {circle_dot}})/{rho}{sub thin}(R{sub {circle_dot}}) = 4%. Fits applied to the entire dataset are significantly more uncertain due to the presence of clumps and overdensities. The halo power law index is very poorly constrained, but we find an oblate halo with c/a {approx} 0.5 to be strongly preferred. While roughly consistent with this simple model, the measured density distribution shows a number of statistically significant deviations from the model predictions. In addition to known features, such as the Monoceros stream, a remarkable density enhancement covering over a thousand square degrees of sky is detected towards the constellation of Virgo, at distances of {approx} 5-15 kpc. Compared to counts in a region symmetric with respect to the l = 0 line and with the same Galactic latitude, it is responsible for a factor of 2 number density excess, and may be a nearby tidal stream or a low-surface brightness dwarf galaxy merging with the Milky Way. The u - g color distribution of these stars implies metallicities lower than those of the thick disk, and consistent with the halo metallicity distribution.

Juric, Mario; Ivezic, Zeljko; Brooks, Alyson; Lupton, Robert H.; Schlegel, David; Finkbeiner, Douglas; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Bond, Nicholas; Rockosi, Constance M.; Knapp, Gillian R.; Gunn, James E.; Sumi, Takahiro; Schneider, Donald; Barentine, J.C.; Brewington, Howard J.; Brinkmann, J.; Fukugita, Masataka; Harvanek, Michael; Kleinman, S.J.; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Dan; /Princeton U. Observ. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Princeton U. /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys. /Apache Point Observ. /Tokyo U., ICRR /Mt. Suhora Observ., Cracow /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity November 17, 2009 - 8:45pm Addthis John Lippert Clean air means a lot to...

100

Federal Energy Management Program: Ten Ways to Lower Perceived...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops May 24, 2013 - 9:40am Addthis The self-propelled baler collects and...

102

Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters August...

103

Home Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown Home Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown November 28, 2012 - 11:18am Addthis Visit the Home Energy Saver...

104

New ways of working: a proposed framework and literature review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The drive towards new ways of working is of great relevance to our modern world. Many companies and organizations have introduced aspects of this new approach in recent years, while many others are on the verge of doing so. The new way of working consists ... Keywords: activity related work, flexible office environment, flexible working, home working, new way of working, social ICT, telecommuting, teleworking

Merle Blok; Liesbeth Groenesteijn; Christiaan Van Den Berg; Peter Vink

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Key role of work hardening in superconductivity/superfluidity, heat conductivity and ultimate strain increase, evolution, cancer, aging and other phase transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shear/laminar flow of liquids/gas/plasma/biological cells (BC), etc. is equivalent to dislocation-like shear of solids. The turbulent flow is the next stage of deformation/ multiplication of dislocation-like defects and their ordering in sub-grains and grain-boundaries, then grains slip-rotation in the direction approximately perpendicular to the shear flow. It is shown that phase transitions are governed by unified deformation hardening/softening under hydrostatic pressure, particle irradiation and impurity (isotope) chemical pressure, hard confining conditions and cooling, etc. thus changing electric, magnetic, ferroelectric, thermal, optical properties.1-2 Dislocation-like work hardening, DWH, is determined by non-monotonous properties of dislocation double edge-cross-jog slip, and ultrastrong DWH gives the lowest drag for any dislocation-like plasticity at phase transitions. This provides the same micromechanisms of the ultimate stage of conventional deformation (superfluidity) of ordinary liquids, i.e., water, kerosene and glycerin, liquid and solid He, quasi-particle condensates. The key role of DWH is confirmed for superconductivity, integer and fractional quantum Hall effects and the enhancement of ultimate strain and diffusion under deformation down to nanostructures, etc. Phase transformations in biological cells (explosive events of diversity and population of species and diseases - for example, locust and plaque bacteria, evolution, aging and cancer,2 bursts in the development of human intellectual possibilities (languages, culture, arts and sciences, history, etc.) depend on the same deformation effects in biological evolution.

V. P. Kisel

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

106

ealth physics is concerned with protecting people from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation while allowing its beneficial use in medicine, science,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, particularly from medical exposures and from the atomic-bomb ex- posures in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. DuringH ealth physics is concerned with protecting people from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation effects such as cancer that had been observed in populations of people receiv- ing high doses

Massey, Thomas N.

107

Guidelines for Leasing State Highway Right of Way Tracts | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Guidelines for Leasing State Highway Right of Way Tracts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal...

108

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide: Practical Ways to Improve Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Practical Ways to Improve Energy Performance Grocery Stores In collaboration with: Prepared by: National Renewable...

109

Waiver of Preferential Right to Lease Highway Right of Way |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Waiver of Preferential Right to Lease Highway Right of Way Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Waiver of Preferential Right to Lease...

110

Pantex receives United Way leadership award | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

United Way leadership award | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

111

New director joins United Way of Northern New Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Director Joins United Way of Northern New Mexico Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues submit New director...

112

Whole-cell sensing for a harmful bloom-forming microscopic alga by measuring antibody--antigen forces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractAureococcus anophagefferens, a harmful bloomforming alga responsible for brown tides in estuaries of the Middle Atlantic U.S., has been investigated by atomic force microscopy for the first time, using probes functionalized with a monoclonal antibody specific for the alga. The rupture force between a single monoclonal antibody and the surface of A. anophagefferens was experimentally found to be 246 6 11 pN at the load rate of 12 nN/s. Force histograms for A. anophagefferens and other similarly-sized algae are presented and analyzed. The results illustrate the effects of load rates, and demonstrate that force-distance measurements can be used to build biosensors with high signal-to-noise ratios for A. anophagefferens. The methods described in this paper can be used, in principle, to construct sensors with single-cell resolution for arbitrary cells for which monoclonal antibodies are available. Index TermsAtomic force microscopy, Aureococcus anophagefferens, biosensors, force-distance measurements, single-cell identification.

Er S. Lee; Mrinal Mahapatro; David A. Caron; Aristides A. G. Requicha; Life Fellow; Beth A. Stauffer; Mark E. Thompson; Chongwu Zhou

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy Cooperation in Energy Harvesting Two-Way Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Cooperation in Energy Harvesting Two-Way Communications Berk Gurakan1 , Omur Ozel1 , Jing energy from nature and energy can be transferred in one-way from one of the users to the other. Energy and users have unlimited batteries to store energy for future use. In addition, there is a separate wireless

Ulukus, Sennur

114

Alternating two-way AC-tree automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the notion of alternating two-way tree automata modulo the theory of finitely many associative-commutative (AC) symbols. This was prompted by questions arising in cryptographic protocol verification, in particular in modeling group key agreement ... Keywords: Alternating tree automata, Associative-commutative, Branching vector addition systems with states, Cryptographic protocols, Resolution, Tree automata, Two-way tree automata

Kumar Neeraj Verma; Jean Goubault-Larrecq

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The three way catalyst efficiency and the gas temperature difference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work refers to the examination of the three way catalyst efficiency, testing the exhaust gases temperature difference (?T) at the inlet and outlet of the catalyst, using gasoline - ethanol mixtures for fuel, at a catalyst engine functioning ... Keywords: bioethanol, gas emissions, three way catalyst

Charalampos Arapatsakos; Panagiotis Lefakis

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: HyWays-IPHE Comparison Between  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HyWays-IPHE Comparison Between E3database, H2A and GREET HyWays-IPHE Comparison Between E3database, H2A and GREET Project Summary Full Title: HyWays-IPHE Methodological Comparison Between E3database, H2A and GREET Including a Comparison of Database and Respective Model Results Project ID: 221 Principal Investigator: Christoph Stiller Keywords: Models, steam methane reforming (SMR), coal, wind, natural gas Purpose HyWays-IPHE (International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy) is a specific support action to assess and compare the development efforts for the European Hydrogen Energy Roadmap prepared by HyWays with international roadmapping or comparative activities of IPHE partner countries. In a first step, it aims at an in-depth assessment and comparison of the individual elements of the national/ regional strategies, modeling approaches and

117

Definition: Two-Way Communications (High Bandwidth) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Two-Way Communications (High Bandwidth) Two-Way Communications (High Bandwidth) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Two-Way Communications (High Bandwidth) A two-way communications infrastructure that can network one or more parts of the smart grid via secure, high speed, high bandwidth connections. This infrastructure system serves as the backbone of the customer systems, AMI, distribution, and transmission smart grid systems.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A smart meter is usually an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes. Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors,

118

Engineering the Multiple Use of the Right of Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission line owners and operators are under increasing pressure to share the use of their rights-of-way with other systems and for other activities. The objective of the "Engineering the Multiple Use of the Right of Way" project is to develop a guide for the design and maintenance of transmission lines so that the systems can operate reliably and activities can be carried out safety on these shared rights-of-way. It is a multi-year project conducted from 2004 to 2007. The first task of the project ...

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

119

Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.ecn.nl/en/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 Country Indonesia, Ghana South-Eastern Asia, Western Africa References ECN Policy Studies[1] Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies[2] Overview The projects has three main goals: to provide input for a general methodology for developing Low Carbon Development Strategies to contribute to knowledge, mutual understanding and experience on the concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies with the aim to inform the

120

GasHighWay Best Practices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GasHighWay Best Practices GasHighWay Best Practices Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: GasHighWay Best Practices Agency/Company /Organization: GasHighWay Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.gashighway.net/default.asp?sivuID=25922&component=/modules/bbsView This website provides a compilation of best practices and experiences in the use of natural gas vehicles, the production of biogas and natural gas, and the expansion of fueling infrastructure in countries including Sweden, Finland, Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, and Germany. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. August 27, 2013 True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. An avid outdoorswoman who loves adrenaline sports such as rock climbing, the Los Alamos native respects the Lab and the foundation it provides. » Return to homepage Undeterred by life's challenges, student pursues complex science Los Alamos Environmental Stewardship intern Burgandy Brock has a lot on her plate, but that hasn't diminished her drive to learn more about all types

122

Multiphoton Laser Processing: A Unique and Simple Way to Enter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multiphoton Laser Processing: A Unique and Simple Way to Enter the Nano-Platform Speaker(s): Andreas Ostendorf Date: January 27, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Multiphoton laser...

123

The Way We Burn: Combustion, Climate, and Carbonaceous Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Way We Burn: Combustion, Climate, and Carbonaceous Particles Speaker(s): Tami Bond Date: June 5, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Carbonaceous particles-- which engineers...

124

Cool Ways to Save Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ways to Save Energy Ways to Save Energy Cool Ways to Save Energy July 19, 2012 - 12:32pm Addthis Amanda McAlpin So you've just bought a new fridge, and chosen one that's energy efficient, but did you know that there are a few simple things you can do to save even more energy once you get it home? The way you use your refrigerator and freezer can lead to big energy savings for you and your family. First, when choosing a refrigerator, be sure to select the right size. Determine your household's needs before purchasing a refrigerator or freezer. One that is too large wastes energy. Second, don't set the temperature colder than necessary. Refrigerators should be set between 36 and 38 degrees Fahrenheit, and freezers between 0 and 5 degrees. Keeping your refrigerator and freezer full can also help

125

Right-of-Way for Carrier Facilities (South Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation establishes right-of-way for carrier pipelines, as well as restrictions on the width of lands used for pipeline facilities. This legislation also applies to electricity...

126

Long-Term Right-of-Way Effectiveness: Update 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In very fundamental ways, utility profits from distribution and transmission of electricity in a deregulated marketplace are linked to their right-of-way (ROW) management approaches. This report evaluates the cost-effectiveness of seven vegetation management methods -- hand cutting, mowing, cut and stump, dormant basal, summer basal, selective ground foliar, and aerial -- on 18 transmission powerline corridors across New York State. The second part of a six-year study, this report evaluates the treatment...

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

127

Improved technique for one-way transformation of information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for one-way transformation of data according to multiplication and/or exponentiation modulo a prime number. An implementation of the invention permits the one way residue transformation, useful in encryption and similar applications, to be implemented by n-bit computers substantially with no increase in difficulty or complexity over a natural transformation thereby, using a modulus which is a power of two. 9 figs.

Cooper, J.A.

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

128

ASSESSING AND FORECASTING, BY PLAY, NATURAL GAS ULTIMATE RECOVERY GROWTH AND QUANTIFYING THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE TEXAS GULF COAST BASIN AND EAST TEXAS  

SciTech Connect

A detailed natural gas ultimate recovery growth (URG) analysis of the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas has been undertaken. The key to such analysis was determined to be the disaggregation of the resource base to the play level. A play is defined as a conceptual geologic unit having one or more reservoirs that can be genetically related on the basis of depositional origin of the reservoir, structural or trap style, source rocks and hydrocarbon generation, migration mechanism, seals for entrapment, and type of hydrocarbon produced. Plays are the geologically homogeneous subdivision of the universe of petroleum pools within a basin. Therefore, individual plays have unique geological features that can be used as a conceptual model that incorporates geologic processes and depositional environments to explain the distribution of petroleum. Play disaggregation revealed important URG trends for the major natural gas fields in the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas. Although significant growth and future potential were observed for the major fields, important URG trends were masked by total, aggregated analysis based on a broad geological province. When disaggregated by plays, significant growth and future potential were displayed for plays that were associated with relatively recently discovered fields, deeper reservoir depths, high structural complexities due to fault compartmentalization, reservoirs designated as tight gas/low-permeability, and high initial reservoir pressures. Continued technology applications and advancements are crucial in achieving URG potential in these plays.

William L. Fisher; Eugene M. Kim

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Steam turbine: Alternative emergency drive for the secure removal of residual heat from the core of light water reactors in ultimate emergency situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2011 the nuclear power generation has suffered an extreme probation. That could be the meaning of what happened in Fukushima Nuclear Power Plants. In those plants, an earthquake of 8.9 on the Richter scale was recorded. The quake intensity was above the trip point of shutting down the plants. Since heat still continued to be generated, the procedure to cooling the reactor was started. One hour after the earthquake, a tsunami rocked the Fukushima shore, degrading all cooling system of plants. Since the earthquake time, the plant had lost external electricity, impacting the pumping working, drive by electric engine. When operable, the BWR plants responded the management of steam. However, the lack of electricity had degraded the plant maneuvers. In this paper we have presented a scheme to use the steam as an alternative drive to maintain operable the cooling system of nuclear power plant. This scheme adds more reliability and robustness to the cooling systems. Additionally, we purposed a solution to the cooling in case of lacking water for the condenser system. In our approach, steam driven turbines substitute electric engines in the ultimate emergency cooling system. (authors)

Souza Dos Santos, R. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear CNEN/IEN, Cidade Universitaria, Rua Helio de Almeida, 75 - Ilha do Fundiao, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Reatores Nucleares Inovadores / CNPq (Brazil)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Lighting the Way to Serious Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way to Serious Savings Lighting the Way to Serious Savings Lighting the Way to Serious Savings April 1, 2013 - 6:02pm Addthis Smart lighting choices can save you money. Smart lighting choices can save you money. Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Make educated choices when buying light bulbs to save energy and money. Pretty much everybody these days uses electric lighting to keep their households and businesses running during the day and night. Most of us take our electric lights - which make our offices more productive and our homes more comfortable and useful - for granted, and we only really only notice how integral to our lives they are when power goes out. But all of those lights consume energy. Lots of it, in fact.

131

Leading the Way in Energy Best Practices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leading the Way in Energy Best Practices Leading the Way in Energy Best Practices Leading the Way in Energy Best Practices November 6, 2013 - 5:32pm Addthis Fort Carson’s first U.S. Green Building Council platinum-level Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certified facility, the 4th Armored Brigade Combat Team Brigade and Battalion Headquarters, features a 482 kilowatt ground-mounted, tracking photovoltaic system. | U.S. Army photo Fort Carson's first U.S. Green Building Council platinum-level Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certified facility, the 4th Armored Brigade Combat Team Brigade and Battalion Headquarters, features a 482 kilowatt ground-mounted, tracking photovoltaic system. | U.S. Army photo Timothy Unruh FEMP Program Manager America is a world leader when it comes to tackling the energy challenges

132

Lighting the Way to Serious Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way to Serious Savings Lighting the Way to Serious Savings Lighting the Way to Serious Savings April 1, 2013 - 6:02pm Addthis Smart lighting choices can save you money. Smart lighting choices can save you money. Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Make educated choices when buying light bulbs to save energy and money. Pretty much everybody these days uses electric lighting to keep their households and businesses running during the day and night. Most of us take our electric lights - which make our offices more productive and our homes more comfortable and useful - for granted, and we only really only notice how integral to our lives they are when power goes out. But all of those lights consume energy. Lots of it, in fact.

133

New Technology Paves Way for Highly Sensitive Photodetectors with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Technology Paves Way for Highly Sensitive Photodetectors with New Technology Paves Way for Highly Sensitive Photodetectors with Applications in High Energy Physics, Medicine, and National Security High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » October 2012 New Technology Paves Way for Highly Sensitive Photodetectors with Applications in High Energy Physics, Medicine, and National Security Argonne National Lab wins prestigious 2012 R&D 100 award for development of Large Area Microchannel Plate Detectors

134

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science September 7, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then covered in foil again. Heat tape is used to heat the metal chamber just enough to loosen any residues that could cause trouble. The aluminum foil helps spread the heat evenly. | Photo of SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then

135

BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency January 30, 2013 - 5:13pm Addthis A warm fireplace can save you energy and money with proper maintenance. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Pgiam. A warm fireplace can save you energy and money with proper maintenance. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Pgiam. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Follow these tips to make sure that your cozy fireplace isn't wasting energy in your home. The Northeast and much of the country has had very frigid temperatures lately! If you're like me, nothing sounds better than cozying up to the fireplace with a cup of cocoa on a cold day. But be aware that while

136

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

137

A Minority Serving Institution Leads the Way in Better Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Minority Serving Institution Leads the Way in Better Buildings A Minority Serving Institution Leads the Way in Better Buildings A Minority Serving Institution Leads the Way in Better Buildings July 5, 2012 - 6:06pm Addthis Secretary Chu visits Delaware State University to commemorate the school's efforts with the Better Buildings Initiative. Secretary Chu visits Delaware State University to commemorate the school's efforts with the Better Buildings Initiative. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity In February 2011, President Obama announced the Better Buildings Initiative to make commercial and industrial buildings 20 percent more energy efficient by 2020 and accelerate private sector investment in energy efficiency. Delaware State University (DSU) was selected as one of the

138

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science September 7, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then covered in foil again. Heat tape is used to heat the metal chamber just enough to loosen any residues that could cause trouble. The aluminum foil helps spread the heat evenly. | Photo of SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then

139

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

140

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

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141

Processing multi-way spatial joins on map-reduce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the problem of processing multi-way spatial joins on map-reduce platform. We look at two common spatial predicates - overlap and range. We address these two classes of join queries, discuss the challenges and ...

Himanshu Gupta; Bhupesh Chawda; Sumit Negi; Tanveer A. Faruquie; L. V. Subramaniam; Mukesh Mohania

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electric Transmission Rights-of-Way Uses and Risks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant societal and economic benefits accrue through multiple uses of electric transmission rights-of-way (ROWs). Authorization of multiple ROW uses, however, has the potential to be detrimental to the safe, reliable transmission of electricity. Understanding benefits and risks will help utilities evaluate the myriad of current and potential ROW uses, establish effective protocols, and identify the best opportunities for expanding ROW uses.

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

SOLAR CROWDSOURCING A New Way to Build Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR CROWDSOURCING A New Way to Build Community By Adam Byrnes l MBA/MS 2012 Erb Renewable Energy early-stage ideas and insights in the renewable energy field. h #12;Solar Crowdsourcing: A New association. Say the first word that comes to mind when you read the words "solar

Edwards, Paul N.

144

Easy Ways for Your City to $ave Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These ready-to-go ideas and technologies are proven ways that cities have easily achieved energy savings. We give you ideas for minimal-effort solutions and ideas for going a step further, as well as financing suggestions and additional resources. By saving energy, you can add money to your city budget and improve your region's air quality.

Not Available

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A case for dual-mapping one-way caches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a dual-mapping function for one-way data cache to reduce cache misses, write-back rates, and access time for single-core or multi-core computing processors. Our simulation results show that it reduces cache misses significantly compared ...

Arul Sandeep Gade; Yul Chu

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Coal comfort: an alternative way to heat your house  

SciTech Connect

The use of coal as on alternate way to heat the home is discussed in the fact book. A history of coal usage for space heating, environmental impacts, and future usage are discussed. Heating systems using coal, installation information, and storage measures are described. (MCW)

Hotton, P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Relaxed: on the way towards true validation of compound documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To maintain interoperability in the Web environment it is necessary to comply with Web standards. Current specifications of HTML and XHTML languages define conformance conditions both in specification prose and in a formalized way utilizing DTD. Unfortunately ... Keywords: RELAX NG, Schematron, XHTML, XML, compound documents, validation

Jirka Kosek; Petr Nlevka

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel-rules-won-t-r385258.htm 1 of 2 1/16/2008 12:32 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Earth Europe on Monday called for the EU to step away from its 10 percent biofuel target unless it couldEU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment © AP 2008-01-14 16:21:49 - BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP

149

Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide nuclear industry -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide Early Argonne reactor lit the way for worldwide nuclear industry About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

150

Federal Way, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Federal Way, WA) (Redirected from Federal Way, WA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.3223221°, -122.3126222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.3223221,"lon":-122.3126222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

A New Milky Way Dwarf Satellite in Canes Venatici  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we announce the discovery of a new dwarf satellite of the Milky Way, located in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was found as a stellar overdensity in the North Galactic Cap using Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 (SDSS DR5). The satellite's color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined red giant branch, as well as a horizontal branch. As judged from the tip of the red giant branch, it lies at a distance of ~220 kpc. Based on the SDSS data, we estimate an absolute magnitude of Mv ~ -7.9, a central surface brightness of mu_0,V ~ 28 mag arcsecond^-2, and a half-light radius of \\~ 8.5' (~ 550 pc at the measured distance). The outer regions of Canes Venatici appear extended and distorted. The discovery of such a faint galaxy in proximity to the Milky Way strongly suggests that more such objects remain to be found.

D. B. Zucker; V. Belokurov; N. W. Evans; M. I. Wilkinson; M. J. Irwin; T. Sivarani; S. Hodgkin; D. M. Bramich; J. M. Irwin; G. Gilmore; B. Willman; S. Vidrih; M. Fellhauer; P. C. Hewett; T. C. Beers; E. F. Bell; E. K. Grebel; D. P. Schneider; H. J. Newberg; R. F. G. Wyse; C. M. Rockosi; B. Yanny; R. Lupton; J. A. Smith; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; S. A. Snedden

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

152

A New Milky Way Dwarf Satellite in Canes Venatici  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we announce the discovery of a new dwarf satellite of the Milky Way, located in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was found as a stellar overdensity in the North Galactic Cap using Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 (SDSS DR5). The satellite's color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined red giant branch, as well as a horizontal branch. As judged from the tip of the red giant branch, it lies at a distance of ~220 kpc. Based on the SDSS data, we estimate an absolute magnitude of Mv ~ -7.9, a central surface brightness of mu_0,V ~ 28 mag arcsecond^-2, and a half-light radius of \\~ 8.5' (~ 550 pc at the measured distance). The outer regions of Canes Venatici appear extended and distorted. The discovery of such a faint galaxy in proximity to the Milky Way strongly suggests that more such objects remain to be found.

Zucker, D B; Evans, N W; Wilkinson, M I; Irwin, M J; Sivarani, T; Hodgkin, S; Bramich, D M; Irwin, J M; Gilmore, G; Willman, B; Vidrih, S; Fellhauer, M; Hewett, P C; Beers, T C; Bell, E F; Grebel, E K; Schneider, D P; Newberg, H J; Wyse, R F G; Rockosi, C M; Yanny, B; Lupton, R; Smith, J A; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Harvanek, M; Kleinman, S J; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Nitta, A; Snedden, S A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases are disclosed. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress. 8 figs.

Johnson, A.D.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

154

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress.

Johnson, Alfred D. (5383 Bancroft Ave., Oakland, CA 94601)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Microsoft Word - Longview-WashWay Acquisition CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2012 4, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Joan Kendall Project Manager - TERR-3 Proposed Action: Acquisition of Cowlitz County Public Utility District's (CCPUD) 115-kV transmission line from BPA's Longview Substation to CCPUD's Washington Way Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.24 Property Transfers Location: Township 8 North, Range 3 West, Section 36, and Township 8 North, Range 2 West, Sections 31 and 32 in Cowlitz County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to acquire a 1.5 mile portion of CCPUD's existing Longview-Washington Way 115-kV transmission line in order to provide a parallel

156

Right-of-Way Treatment Cycles: Update 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The selection of right-of-way (ROW) vegetation treatment methods can greatly impact utility profits from distribution and transmission of electricity in a deregulated marketplace. This report evaluates the cost-effectiveness of seven vegetation management methods -- hand cutting, mowing, cut and stump, dormant basal, summer basal, selective ground foliar, and aerial -- on 18 transmission powerline corridors across New York State. The third part of a six-year study, this report summarizes data collected i...

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

157

Transmission Rights-of-Way Vegetation Management Plan Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) FAC-003-1 standards for vegetation management on electric transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs) have been in place since April 2006. These mandatory standards regulate electric transmission line vegetation management across the United States, and are narrowly focused on minimizing vegetation caused outages in electricity transmission. The NERC FAC-003-1 standards are potentially broadened by the voluntary American National Standards Institute (A...

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

158

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

159

Hard instances for satisfiability and quasi-one-way functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an efficient algorithm that takes as input any (probabilistic) polynomial time algorithm A which purports to solve SAT and finds, for infinitely many input lengths, SAT formulas ? and witnesses w such that A claims ? is unsatisfiable, but w is a satisfying assignment for ? (assuming NP ? ? RP). This solves an open problem posed in the work of Gutfreund, Shaltiel, and Ta-Shma (CCC 2005). Following Gutfreund et al., we also extend this to give an efficient sampling algorithm (a quasi-hard sampler) which generates hard instance/witness pairs for all algorithms running in some fixed polynomial time. We ask how our sampling algorithm relates to various cryptographic notions. We show that our sampling algorithm gives a simple construction of quasi-one-way functions, a weakened notion of standard one-way functions. We also investigate the possibility of obtaining pseudorandom generators from our quasi-one-way functions and show that a large class of reductions that work in the standard setting must fail.

Andrej Bogdanov; Kunal Talwar; Andrew Wan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A New Milky Way dwarf galaxy in Ursa Major  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this Letter, we report the discovery of a new dwarf satellite to the Milky Way, located at ({alpha}{sub 2000}, {delta}{sub 2000}) = (158.72,51.92) in the constellation of Ursa Major. This object was detected as an overdensity of red, resolved stars in Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. The color-magnitude diagram of the Ursa Major dwarf looks remarkably similar to that of Sextans, the lowest surface brightness Milky Way companion known, but with approximately an order of magnitude fewer stars. Deeper follow-up imaging confirms this object has an old and metal-poor stellar population and is {approx} 100 kpc away. We roughly estimate M{sub V} = -6.75 and r{sub 1/2} = 250 pc for this dwarf. Its luminosity is several times fainter than the faintest known Milky Way dwarfs. However, its physical size is typical for dSphs. Even though its absolute magnitude and size are presently quite uncertain, Ursa Major is likely the lowest luminosity and lowest surface brightness galaxy yet known.

Willman, Beth; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Martinez-Delgado, David; West, Andrew A.; Blanton, Michael R.; Hogg, David W.; Barentine, J.C.; Brewington, Howard J.; Harvanek, Michael; Kleinman, S.J.; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Dan; Neilsen, Eric H., Jr.; Nitta, Atsuko; Snedden, Stephanie A.; /CCPP, New York /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /IAA, Granada /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. Astron. /Apache Point Observ. /Mt. Suhora Observ., Cracow /Fermilab

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A New Milky Way Dwarf Galaxy in Ursa Major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we report the discovery of a new dwarf satellite to the Milky Way, located at (ra, dec) = (158.72,51.92) in the constellation of Ursa Major. This object was detected as an overdensity of red, resolved stars in Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. The color-magnitude diagram of the Ursa Major dwarf looks remarkably similar to that of Sextans, the lowest surface brightness Milky Way companion known, but with approximately an order of magnitude fewer stars. Deeper follow-up imaging confirms this object has an old and metal-poor stellar population and is 100 kpc away. We roughly estimate M_V = -6.75 and r_1/2 = 250 pc for this dwarf. Its luminosity is several times fainter than the faintest known Milky Way dwarfs. However, its physical size is typical for dSphs. Even though its absolute magnitude and size are presently quite uncertain, Ursa Major is likely the lowest luminosity and lowest surface brightness galaxy yet known.

Willman, B; Martnez-Delgado, D; West, A A; Blanton, M R; Hogg, D W; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H J; Harvanek, M; Kleinman, S J; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Neilsen, E H; Nitta, A; Snedden, S A; Willman, Beth; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Martinez-Delgado, David; West, Andrew A.; Blanton, Michael R.; Hogg, David W.; Brewington, Howard J.; Harvanek, Michael; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Dan; Neilsen, Eric H.; Nitta, Atsuko; Snedden, Stephanie A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A New Milky Way Dwarf Galaxy in Ursa Major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we report the discovery of a new dwarf satellite to the Milky Way, located at ($\\alpha_{2000}, \\delta_{2000}$) $=$ (158.72,51.92) in the constellation of Ursa Major. This object was detected as an overdensity of red, resolved stars in Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. The color-magnitude diagram of the Ursa Major dwarf looks remarkably similar to that of Sextans, the lowest surface brightness Milky Way companion known, but with approximately an order of magnitude fewer stars. Deeper follow-up imaging confirms this object has an old and metal-poor stellar population and is $\\sim$ 100 kpc away. We roughly estimate M$_V =$ -6.75 and $r_{1/2} =$ 250 pc for this dwarf. Its luminosity is several times fainter than the faintest known Milky Way dwarf. However, its physical size is typical for dSphs. Even though its absolute magnitude and size are presently quite uncertain, Ursa Major is likely the lowest luminosity and lowest surface brightness galaxy yet known.

Beth Willman; Julianne J. Dalcanton; David Martinez-Delgado; Andrew A. West; Michael R. Blanton; David W. Hogg; J. C. Barentine; Howard J. Brewington; Michael Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; Jurek Krzesinski; Dan Long; Eric H. Neilsen, Jr.; Atsuko Nitta; Stephanie A. Snedden

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

163

A two-way algorithm for the entanglement problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an algorithm which proves a given bipartite quantum state to be separable in a finite number of steps. Our approach is based on the search for a decomposition via a countable subset of product states, which is dense within all product states. Performing our algorithm simultaneously with the algorithm by Doherty, Parrilo and Spedalieri (which proves a quantum state to be entangled in a finite number of steps) leads to a two-way algorithm that terminates for any input state. Only for a set of arbitrary small measure near the border between separable and entangled states the result is inconclusive.

Florian Hulpke; Dagmar Bruss

2004-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY'S HOT GAS HALO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Milky Way's million degree gaseous halo contains a considerable amount of mass that, depending on its structural properties, can be a significant mass component. In order to analyze the structure of the Galactic halo, we use XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer archival data and measure O VII K{alpha} absorption-line strengths toward 26 active galactic nuclei, LMC X-3, and two Galactic sources (4U 1820-30 and X1735-444). We assume a {beta}-model as the underlying gas density profile and find best-fit parameters of n{sub circle} = 0.46{sup +0.74}{sub -0.35} cm{sup -3}, r{sub c} = 0.35{sup +0.29}{sub -0.27} kpc, and {beta} = 0.71{sup +0.13}{sub -0.14}. These parameters result in halo masses ranging between M(18 kpc) = 7.5{sub -4.6}{sup +}2{sup 2.0} x 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} and M (200 kpc) = 3.8{sub -0.5}{sup +6.0} x 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun} assuming a gas metallicity of Z = 0.3 Z{sub Sun }, which are consistent with current theoretical and observational work. The maximum baryon fraction from our halo model of f{sub b} = 0.07{sup +0.03}{sub -0.01} is significantly smaller than the universal value of f{sub b} = 0.171, implying the mass contained in the Galactic halo accounts for 10%-50% of the missing baryons in the Milky Way. We also discuss our model in the context of several Milky Way observables, including ram pressure stripping in dwarf spheroidal galaxies, the observed X-ray emission measure in the 0.5-2 keV band, the Milky Way's star formation rate, spatial and thermal properties of cooler gas ({approx}10{sup 5} K), and the observed Fermi bubbles toward the Galactic center. Although the metallicity of the halo gas is a large uncertainty in our analysis, we place a lower limit on the halo gas between the Sun and the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). We find that Z {approx}> 0.2 Z{sub Sun} based on the pulsar dispersion measure toward the LMC.

Miller, Matthew J.; Bregman, Joel N., E-mail: mjmil@umich.edu, E-mail: jbregman@umich.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 (United States)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Dark Matter Debris Flows in the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that subhalos falling into the Milky Way create a flow of tidally-stripped debris particles near the galactic center with characteristic velocity behavior. In the Via Lactea-II N-body simulation, this unvirialized component constitutes a few percent of the local density and has velocities peaked at 340 km/s in the solar neighborhood. Such velocity substructure has important implications for surveys of low-metallicity stars, as well as direct detection experiments sensitive to dark matter with large scattering thresholds.

Mariangela Lisanti; David N. Spergel

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

166

A Faint New Milky Way Satellite in Bootes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we announce the discovery of a new satellite of the Milky Way in the constellation of Bootes at a distance of 60 kpc. It was found in a systematic search for stellar overdensities in the North Galactic Cap using Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 (SDSS DR5). The color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined turn-off, red giant branch, and extended horizontal branch. Its absolute magnitude is -5.7, which makes it fainter than the faintest galaxy known. The half-light radius is 220 pc. The isodensity contours are elongated and have an irregular shape.

Belokurov, V; Beers, T C; Bell, E F; Bramich, D M; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Cole, N; Evans, N W; Fellhauer, M; Gilmore, G; Grebel, E K; Harvanek, M; Hewett, P C; Hodgkin, S; Irwin, J M; Irwin, M J; Kleinman, S J; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Lupton, R; Newberg, H J; Nitta, A; Rockosi, C M; Schneider, D P; Smith, J A; Snedden, S A; Vidrih, S; Wilkinson, M I; Willman, B; Wyse, R F G; Yanny, B; Zucker, D B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

168

Two-way data communication between utility and customer  

SciTech Connect

Distribution automation is the remote control of the distribution network that carries power from local substations to customer meters. The system, which seems to be feasible for the near future, provides two-way communication between utility and customer; not only must the utility operator be able to issue commands to automated equipment but the customer's meter must be able to answer the controller, reporting status and relaying data. Although there are other available, three types of communication systems are being investigated at present as the most feasible: power line carrier, telephone, and radio. Each system has its own special capabilities and limitations. Hybrid systems (two or more different communication systems) are also a possibility. Besides fault location and service restoration, distribution automation could facilitate time-of-day metering, load control, voltage control, and even meter reading. Most aspects of this two-way communication are accepted as beneficial by the customer; load control, however, which could selectively interfere with major appliances like water heaters, air conditioners, etc., during peak demand by selectively switching them off to level peak loads, might not be so readily acceptable. (SAC)

Lihach, N.; Blair, W.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

170

Insight Into the Formation of the Milky Way Through Cold Halo Substructure. I. The ECHOS of Milky Way Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We identify ten -- seven for the first time -- elements of cold halo substructure (ECHOS) in the volume within 17.5 kpc of the Sun in the inner halo of the Milky Way. Our result is based on the observed spatial and radial velocity distribution of metal-poor main sequence turnoff (MPMSTO) stars in 137 Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE) lines of sight. We point out that the observed radial velocity distribution is consistent with a smooth stellar component of the Milky Way's inner halo overall, but disagrees significantly at the radial velocities that correspond to our detections. We show that all of our detections are statistically significant and that we expect no false positives. We also use our detections and completeness estimates to infer a formal upper limit of 0.34 +/- 0.02 on the fraction of the MPMSTO population in the inner halo that belong to ECHOS. Our detections and completeness calculations suggest that there is a significant population of low fractional overdensit...

Schlaufman, Kevin C; Beers, Timothy C; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Lee, Young Sun; Malanushenko, Viktor; Malanushenko, Elena; Oravetz, Dan; Pan, Kaike; Simmons, Audrey; Snedden, Stephanie; Yanny, Brian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Boston: Paving a Greener Way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Curio.House's interior kitchen and living room area at the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2009. Curio.House's interior kitchen and living room area at the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Curio.House is designed to engage the homeowner in living comfortably and efficiently. The house is now a residence in a community that supports low-income and formerly homeless families. (Credit: Jim Tetro/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: Team Boston What: Curio.House Where: Community Green Victory Drive Sandwich, MA 02563 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2009 Team Boston: Paving a Greener Way With its energy-efficient and cost-cutting features, Team Boston's U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon entry, Curio.House, piqued the interest of Housing Assistance Corp. This charitable organization, which

172

A Better Way to Probe Biological Polymorphs | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composite Battery Boost Composite Battery Boost Water-Like Properties of Soft Nanoparticle Suspensions Real-Time Capture of Intermediates in Enzymatic Reactions A New Multilayer-Based Grating for Hard X-ray Grating Interferometry The Most Detailed Picture Yet of a Key AIDS Protein Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Better Way to Probe Biological Polymorphs December 3, 2013 Bookmark and Share The byssus of the bivalve Anomia simplex provides the anchor between mussel and substrate. Panel A shows a schematic cross-section of the animal (left) and (right) a three-dimensional micro-computed-tomography rendering of the mineralized byssus. The red lines mark three layers that were investigated

173

Scientist finds new way to predict heat layer troublemaker | Princeton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boon to fusion: Boon to fusion: Scientist finds new way to predict heat layer troublemaker By John Greenwald August 27, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Rob Goldston. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office Of Communications) Rob Goldston. Researchers at a recent worldwide conference on fusion power have confirmed the surprising accuracy of a new model for predicting the size of a key barrier to fusion that a top scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has developed. The model could serve as a starting point for overcoming the barrier. "This allows you to depict the size of the challenge so you can think through what needs to be done to overcome it," said physicist Robert Goldston, the Princeton University professor of astrophysical sciences and former PPPL director who

174

Fifty years in fusion and the way forward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This particular Fusion Pioneers Memorial lecture was given 50 years after the first historical FEC conference in 1958. It was a unique occasion to perform a global reflection on thermonuclear fusion which is summarized in this paper. We first consider the case for fusion energy then move on to the scientific achievements during the past five decades. Finally, the lessons drawn from the past give a framework to consider the challenges ahead of us. The 1958 pioneers had the vision of the vital importance of international collaboration to succeed in this unique endeavour. Fifty years later, this vision has amply proven its worth. Looking at the way forward, this vision constitutes a strong basis to harness fusion energy in the decades to come.

J. Jacquinot

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Faint New Milky Way Satellite in Bootes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we announce the discovery of a new satellite of the Milky Way in the constellation of Bootes at a distance of 60 kpc. It was found in a systematic search for stellar overdensities in the North Galactic Cap using Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 (SDSS DR5). The color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined turn-off, red giant branch, and extended horizontal branch. Its absolute magnitude is -5.8, which makes it one of the faintest galaxies known. The half-light radius is 220 pc. The isodensity contours are elongated and have an irregular shape, suggesting that Boo may be a disrupted dwarf spheroidal galaxy.

V. Belokurov; D. B. Zucker; N. W. Evans; M. I. Wilkinson; M. J. Irwin; S. Hodgkin; D. M. Bramich; J. M. Irwin; G. Gilmore; B. Willman; S. Vidrih; H. J. Newberg; R. F. G. Wyse; M. Fellhauer; P. C. Hewett; N. Cole; E. F. Bell; T. C. Beers; C. M. Rockosi; B. Yanny; E. K. Grebel; D. P. Schneider; R. Lupton; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; J. A. Smith; S. A. Snedden

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Curious New Milky Way Satellite in Ursa Major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we study a localized stellar overdensity in the constellation of Ursa Major, first identified in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data and subsequently followed up with Subaru imaging. Its color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined sub-giant branch, main sequence and turn-off, from which we estimate a distance of about 30 kpc and a projected size of about 250 pc. Based on its extent and its stellar population, we argue that this is a previously unknown satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, hereby named after its constellation as Ursa Major II (UMa II). Using SDSS data, we find an absolute magnitude of M_V = -3.8, which would make it the faintest known satellite galaxy. UMa II's isophotes are irregular and distorted with evidence for multiple concentrations; this suggests that the satellite may be in the process of disruption.

Zucker, D B; Evans, N W; Irwin, M J; Kleyna, J T; Wilkinson, M I; Fellhauer, M; Bramich, D M; Gilmore, G; Newberg, H J; Yanny, B; Smith, J A; Hewett, P C; Bell, E F; Rix, H W; Gnedin, O Y; Vidrih, S; Wyse, R F G; Willman, B; Grebel, E K; Schneider, D P; Beers, T C; Kniazev, A Yu; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Harvanek, M; Kleinman, S J; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Nitta, A; Snedden, S A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

A Curious New Milky Way Satellite in Ursa Major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Letter, we study a localized stellar overdensity in the constellation of Ursa Major, first identified in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data and subsequently followed up with Subaru imaging. Its color-magnitude diagram (CMD) shows a well-defined sub-giant branch, main sequence and turn-off, from which we estimate a distance of ~30 kpc and a projected size of ~250 x 125 pc. The CMD suggests a composite population with some range in metallicity and/or age. Based on its extent and stellar population, we argue that this is a previously unknown satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, hereby named Ursa Major II (UMa II) after its constellation. Using SDSS data, we find an absolute magnitude of M_V \\~ -3.8, which would make it the faintest known satellite galaxy. UMa II's isophotes are irregular and distorted with evidence for multiple concentrations; this suggests that the satellite is in the process of disruption.

D. B. Zucker; V. Belokurov; N. W. Evans; J. T. Kleyna; M. J. Irwin; M. I. Wilkinson; M. Fellhauer; D. M. Bramich; G. Gilmore; H. J. Newberg; B. Yanny; J. A. Smith; P. C. Hewett; E. F. Bell; H. -W. Rix; O. Y. Gnedin; S. Vidrih; R. F. G. Wyse; B. Willman; E. K. Grebel; D. P. Schneider; T. C. Beers; A. Y. Kniazev; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; S. A. Snedden

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

178

Meridian Way II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II Wind Farm II Wind Farm Facility Meridian Way II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Westar Energy/Empire District Electric Location Cloud County KS Coordinates 39.43274°, -97.545217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.43274,"lon":-97.545217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

179

Structure and Dynamics of the Milky Way: The Evolving Picture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the inception of radio astronomy, the study of the Interstellar Medium has been both aided and frustrated by one fact: we are right within it! Our embedded perspective is favourable to observing kinematic and structural details that are likely to remain inaccessible in external galaxies for some time, but not so to gaining a birdseye view of our Galaxy's strucutre and motions on the largest scales. The CGPS is the original survey with the ability to image both details and the "big picture". We will broadly review what we know of the Milky Way (MW), and focus on large-scale ISM structure and dynamics that the IGPS family of surveys depicts particularly well (e.g. spiral structure, the rotation curve, density waves, rolling motions, the warp & scalloping). We also highlight areas where puzzles still exist (e.g. outer spiral structure, the question of shocks and rolling motions in the MW), and offer some new insights (e.g. multiple shocks in the 2nd quadrant; a radially varying spiral pattern speed in t...

Foster, Tyler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Spatial Orientation of Planetary Nebulae Within the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the spatial orientation of a homogenous sample of 440 elongated Planetary Nebulae (PNe) in order to determine the orientation of their apparent major axis respect to the Milky Way plane. We present some important geometrical and statistical considerations that have been overlooked by the previous works on the subject. The global distribution of galactic position angles (GPA) of PNe is quantitatively not very different from a random distribution of orientations in the Galaxy. Nevertheless we find that there is at least one region on the sky, toward the galactic center, where a weak correlation may exist between the orientation of the major axis of some PNe and the Galactic equator, with an excess of axes with GPA$\\sim 100^{\\circ}$. Therefore, we confirm that ``extrinsic'' phenomena (i.e., global galactic magnetic fields, shell compression from motion relative to the Interstellar Medium) do not determine the morphology of PNe on most of the sky, with a possible exception towards the galactic center.

Walter A. Weidmann; Ruben J. Diaz

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Milky Way as a Kiloparsec-Scale Axionscope  

SciTech Connect

Very high energy gamma-rays are expected to be absorbed by the extragalactic background light over cosmological distances via the process of electron-positron pair production. Recent observations of cosmologically distant gamma-ray emitters by ground based gamma-ray telescopes have, however, revealed a surprising degree of transparency of the universe to very high energy photons. One possible mechanism to explain this observation is the oscillation between photons and axion-like-particles (ALPs). Here we explore this possibility further, focusing on photon-ALP conversion in the magnetic fields in and around gamma-ray sources and in the magnetic field of the Milky Way, where some fraction of the ALP flux is converted back into photons. We show that this mechanism can be efficient in allowed regions of the ALP parameter space, as well as in typical configurations of the Galactic Magnetic Field. As case examples, we consider the spectrum observed from two HESS sources: 1ES1101-232 at redshift z = 0.186 and H 2356-309 at z = 0.165. We also discuss features of this scenario which could be used to distinguish it from standard or other exotic models.

Simet, Melanie; /Chicago U.; Hooper, Dan; Serpico, Pasquale D.; /Fermilab

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Technology transfer: Half-way houses. No. 17  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the fall of 1993, 1 was asked by the Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to study the ways in which technology transfer and defense conversion had been accomplished at General Atomics (GA) and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) by interviewing Harold Agnew, who had served as director of Los Alamos before becoming president of General Atomics in 1979, and J. Robert Beyster, who had been a staff member at Los Alamos and at General Atomics before founding SAIC in 1969. Harold Agnew readily complied with my request for an interview and also suggested that I talk to Douglas Fouquet, who is in charge of public relations at General Atomics and is their unofficial historian. Robert Beyster was not available for an interview, but, through the courtesy of John C. Hopkins, a former director of CNSS, I was able to interview SAIC`s executive vice president, Donald M. Kerr, who is also a former director at Los Alamos, and Steven Rockwood, a sector vice president at SAIC who was formerly a staff member at the Laboratory Because Agnew, Kerr, and Rockwood are all familiar with LANL, as well as with their respective companies, the interviews becam exercises In comparative analyses of technology transfer. In what follows, I have tried to summarize both the interviews and some of the research which attended them. It is the historian`s hope that by use of comparative institutional analyses, Laboratory administrators may learn something of value in directing their efforts toward the transfer of technology to private industry and other government agencies.

Seidel, R.W.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tucson Well on Its Way Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric on AddThis.com... April 1, 2011 Tucson Well on Its Way to Go Electric " Unwavering support from Tucson Electric Power has been key to the impressive momentum behind the deployment of plug-in vehicle charging

184

If there is no way in the world to see a...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particles at other atoms, like gold, and observing that sometimes they bounced back the way they came. There was no way this could be explained by the current picture of the atom...

185

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill October 26, 2009 - 3:49pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Sometimes it...

186

Some Like It Hot: How to Heat a 'Nano Bathtub' the JILA Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some Like It Hot: How to Heat a 'Nano Bathtub' the JILA Way. For Immediate Release: July 21, 2010. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

187

Conversion of one- to two-way streets in Birmingham downtown: a feasibility study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many urban areas are looking for ways to attract new businesses and residents in city centers and transform declining downtown areas into vibrant elements of the urban landscape. As a principal revival option, studies are conducted nationwide to understand ... Keywords: one-way operations, signal optimization, traffic impacts analysis, two-way operations

Virginia P. Sisiopiku; Jugnu Chemmannur; James Brown

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

LLL comments on The Ultimate Catastrophe  

SciTech Connect

This correspondence provides a discussion of purported hazards of nuclear energy production and weapons research. The possibility of atmospheric burn and oceanic burn are discounted, and the cross sections of Nitrogen are investigated and the concentration of D[sub 2]O in the oceans are considered. In conclusion, extremely conservative calculations demonstrated that it is completely impossible for either the earth`s atmosphere or sea to sustain fusion reactions of either thermonuclear nuclear chain reaction type. And, in particular, such reactions cannot be triggered by the explosion of nuclear weapons, even those having unrealistically high yield and impractical high yield-to-weight.

Batzel, R.E.

1975-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

189

FIA-12-0013 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA 3 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA FIA-12-0013 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA OHA issued a decision denying FOIA Appeals filed by Another Way BPA, relating to a request which it filed for records regarding the I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project. In March 2012, the DOE's Bonneville Power Administration issued three determinations in response to Another Way BPA's requests. In the determinations, BPA indicated that it located some documents responsive to Another Way BPA's requests and released the documents with information withheld pursuant to FOIA Exemptions 5 and 6. Another Way BPA appealed each determination, challenging the adequacy of BPA's searches, and the applicability of Exemption 5. On appeal, OHA determined that, although BPA's searches did not yield the volume of

190

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Raleigh, North Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Raleigh, North Carolina's Paves the Way for Plug-In Vehicle Success on

191

Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper February 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper Oak Ridge Finds Ways to Remove K-25 Faster, Cheaper OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - K-25, once the world's largest building under one roof, reflects less of its former title every day. Due to the partnership between the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) cleanup team and Oak Ridge's prime environmental management contractor, URS | CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR), the 44-acre, multi-level uranium-enrichment superstructure is in the advanced stages of demolition.

192

FIA-12-0014 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA 4 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA FIA-12-0014 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA OHA issued a decision denying FOIA Appeals filed by Another Way BPA, relating to a request which it filed for records regarding the I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project. In March 2012, the DOE's Bonneville Power Administration issued three determinations in response to Another Way BPA's requests. In the determinations, BPA indicated that it located some documents responsive to Another Way BPA's requests and released the documents with information withheld pursuant to FOIA Exemptions 5 and 6. Another Way BPA appealed each determination, challenging the adequacy of BPA's searches, and the applicability of Exemption 5. On appeal, OHA determined that, although BPA's searches did not yield the volume of

193

GRR/Section 3-WA-e - State Right of Way Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 3-WA-e - State Right of Way Process GRR/Section 3-WA-e - State Right of Way Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-WA-e - State Right of Way Process 3-WA-e - State Right of Way Process.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Washington State Department of Natural Resources Regulations & Policies RCW 79-36-350 RCW 79-36-520 RCW 79-36-530 Triggers None specified This flowchart illustrates the process for obtaining a right of way over state lands in Washington. The right of way process is overseen by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources (WSDNR). The right of way process is regulated under Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 79-36-350. The developer may apply for an easement, permit or license for a right of

194

FIA-12-0012 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA 2 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA FIA-12-0012 - In the Matter of Another Way BPA OHA issued a decision denying FOIA Appeals filed by Another Way BPA, relating to a request which it filed for records regarding the I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project. In March 2012, the DOE's Bonneville Power Administration issued three determinations in response to Another Way BPA's requests. In the determinations, BPA indicated that it located some documents responsive to Another Way BPA's requests and released the documents with information withheld pursuant to FOIA Exemptions 5 and 6. Another Way BPA appealed each determination, challenging the adequacy of BPA's searches, and the applicability of Exemption 5. On appeal, OHA determined that, although BPA's searches did not yield the volume of

195

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on AddThis.com...

196

EA-1697: San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Project, California | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

97: San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Project, California 97: San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Project, California EA-1697: San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Project, California Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of right-of-way maintenance (including facility inspection and repair, vegetation management, and equipment upgrades for transmission lines and associated rights-or-way, access roads, substations, and a maintenance facility) in the San Joaquin Valley in California. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download December 2, 2011 EA-1697: Finding of No Significant Impact Right-of-Way Maintenance in the San Joaquin Valley, California December 2, 2011 EA-1697: Final Environmental Assessment

197

GRR/Section 3-FD-c - Right-of-Way Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 3-FD-c - Right-of-Way Access GRR/Section 3-FD-c - Right-of-Way Access < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-FD-c - Right-of-Way Access 03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service United States Department of Transportation National Telecommunications and Information Administration Regulations & Policies NEPA Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf 03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flow chart is intended to apply to lands on which a lease has not been

198

GRR/Section 3-AK-b - Right of Ways (ROWs) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 3-AK-b - Right of Ways (ROWs) GRR/Section 3-AK-b - Right of Ways (ROWs) < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-AK-b - Right of Ways (ROWs) 03AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Alaska Department of Natural Resources Alaska Division of Mining Land and Water Regulations & Policies Alaska Statutes Alaska Administrative Code Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The Alaska Division of Mining Land and Water (ML&W) oversees land use within the state and issues right of ways, easements or permit to use state

199

Maximising Revenue in the Airline Industry Under One-Way Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 3, 2003 ... Maximising Revenue in the Airline Industry Under One-Way Pricing. Miguel F Anjos (anjos ***at*** stanfordalumni.org) Russell C H Cheng...

200

Top 12 Ways to Decrease the Energy Consumption of Your Data Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Top 12 Ways to Decrease the Energy Consumption of Your Data Center Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

RDI Development: Wisdom Way Solar Village, Greenfield, Massachusetts Field Test Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL, Mountain Energy Partnership, and the Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings conducted field tests on a house in Wisdom Way Solar Village to verify energy efficiency.

Fang, X.; Hancock, E.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Visual Patent Search: An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative ...  

Wind Energy; Partners (27) Visual Patent ... Visual Patent Search: An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative Technologies. April 23, 2012 .. Skip footer ...

203

Power allocation strategies for distributed space-time codes in two-way relay networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a two-way relay network (TWRN), where distributed space-time codes are constructed across multiple relay terminals in an amplify-and-forward mode. Each relay transmits a scaled linear combination of its received symbols and their conjugates, ... Keywords: distributed space-time codes, power allocation, two-way relay channel

Wenjin Wang; Shi Jin; Xiqi Gao; Kai-Kit Wong; Matthew R. McKay

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

ROW 2.0 - Right-of-Way Environmental Stewardship Bibliographic Database, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Right-of-Way Environmental Stewardship Bibliographic Database Version 2.0 (ROW 2.0) allows users to search in multiple ways for citations and retrieve summaries of published documents that focus on environmental concerns related to utility corridor design, siting, construction, or management.

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

205

Common randomness and secret key capacities of two-way channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Common Randomness Generation (CRG) and Secret Key Establishment (SKE) are fundamental primitives in information theory and cryptography. We study these two problems over the two-way communication channel model, introduced by Shannon. In this model, the ... Keywords: common randomness capacity, secret key capacity, two-way channel, wiretap channel

Hadi Ahmadi; Reihaneh Safavi-Naini

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you...

207

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year January 3, 2011 - 5:06am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory "Keeping things simple" and "getting back to basics" are two ideals I naturally gravitate to. And while I'm not usually someone who makes New Year's resolutions, I am a big fan of top 10 lists. While pretty straightforward, these easy tips are great way to save money and energy throughout the New Year. So here goes, my personal top 10 ways to save money and energy in 2011. Research alternatives for saving money on fuel, decreasing my carbon footprint, and increasing my vehicle's fuel efficiency. Confirm I have my programmable thermostat set to the optimal

208

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 0 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year January 3, 2011 - 5:06am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory "Keeping things simple" and "getting back to basics" are two ideals I naturally gravitate to. And while I'm not usually someone who makes New Year's resolutions, I am a big fan of top 10 lists. While pretty straightforward, these easy tips are great way to save money and energy throughout the New Year. So here goes, my personal top 10 ways to save money and energy in 2011. Research alternatives for saving money on fuel, decreasing my carbon footprint, and increasing my vehicle's fuel efficiency. Confirm I have my programmable thermostat set to the optimal

209

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year January 4, 2011 - 11:54am Addthis Cross Post from the Energy Savers Blog. "Keeping things simple" and "getting back to basics" are two ideals I naturally gravitate to. And while I'm not usually someone who makes New Year's resolutions, I am a big fan of top 10 lists. While pretty straightforward, these easy tips are great way to save money and energy throughout the New Year. So here goes, my personal top 10 ways to save money and energy in 2011 Research alternatives for saving money on fuel, decreasing my carbon footprint, and increasing my vehicle's fuel efficiency. Confirm I have my programmable thermostat set to the optimal settings. Turning back the thermostat by 10°-15° when I'm not at home

210

United Way Campaign Kick-Off | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

United Way Campaign Kick-Off United Way Campaign Kick-Off United Way Campaign Kick-Off Posted: September 30, 2013 - 6:36pm Y-12's 2013 United Way Campaign officially kicked off at the end of August with an event featuring Holly Warlick, head basketball coach of the University of Tennessee Lady Vols. She encouraged Y-12 employees to increase their giving and challenged the site to do more for the community. "I hear you all are in the top five of giving to United Way - don't you want to be number one?" she asked. "Y'all need to be on top. Y'all need to be number one." Speaking of number one, Warlick talked about her new team, which will try to repeat as Southeastern Conference champions, and the work they do beyond basketball. "We try to get our young ladies to give back," Warlick

211

ECN-Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECN-Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies ECN-Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: ECN-Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.ecn.nl/docs/library/report/2011/e11059.pdf Cost: Free Language: English ECN-Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies Screenshot References: Paving the way for low-carbon development strategies[1] The aim of this report is to help move forward the discussion on low-carbon development strategies (LCDS) towards a useful climate policy instrument. It does so through a historical perspective on the use of an LCDS in a

212

GRR/Section 3-MT-f - Right-of-Way Easement for Utilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-MT-f - Right-of-Way Easement for Utilities 3-MT-f - Right-of-Way Easement for Utilities < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-MT-f - Right-of-Way Easement for Utilities 03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation Montana State Historic Preservation Office Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart is intended to describe the process for obtaining an

213

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year 10 Ways to Save Money and Energy in the New Year January 4, 2011 - 11:54am Addthis Cross Post from the Energy Savers Blog. "Keeping things simple" and "getting back to basics" are two ideals I naturally gravitate to. And while I'm not usually someone who makes New Year's resolutions, I am a big fan of top 10 lists. While pretty straightforward, these easy tips are great way to save money and energy throughout the New Year. So here goes, my personal top 10 ways to save money and energy in 2011 Research alternatives for saving money on fuel, decreasing my carbon footprint, and increasing my vehicle's fuel efficiency. Confirm I have my programmable thermostat set to the optimal settings. Turning back the thermostat by 10°-15° when I'm not at home

214

Scalar Reconciliation for Gaussian Modulation of Two-Way Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The two-way continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD) systems allow higher key rates and improved transmission distances over standard telecommunication networks in comparison to the one-way CVQKD protocols. To exploit the real potential of two-way CVQKD systems a robust reconciliation technique is needed. It is currently unavailable, which makes it impossible to reach the real performance of a two-way CVQKD system. The reconciliation process of correlated Gaussian variables is a complex problem that requires either tomography in the physical layer that is intractable in a practical scenario, or high-cost calculations in the multidimensional spherical space with strict dimensional limitations. To avoid these issues, we propose an efficient logical layer-based reconciliation method for two-way CVQKD to extract binary information from correlated Gaussian variables. We demonstrate that by operating on the raw-data level, the noise of the quantum channel can be corrected in the scalar space and the reconciliation can be extended to arbitrary high dimensions. We prove that the error probability of scalar reconciliation is zero in any practical CVQKD scenario, and provides unconditional security. The results allow to significantly improve the currently available key rates and transmission distances of two-way CVQKD. The proposed scalar reconciliation can also be applied in one-way systems as well, to replace the existing reconciliation schemes.

Laszlo Gyongyosi

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

215

An Advanced Fracture Characterization and Well Path Navigation System for Effective Re-Development and Enhancement of Ultimate Recovery from the Complex Monterey Reservoir of South Ellwood Field, Offshore California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the ninth quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center July 12, 2013 - 1:04pm Addthis Since 2003, the Lewis and Clark Garden Club (LCGC) of St. Charles County, Missouri, has held their monthly meetings in the Weldon Spring Interpretive Center (WSIC). The LCGC has 22 active members and takes care of 2 garden beds at the WSIC Native Plant Educational Garden under the site's Adopt-A-Garden program. In 2010 the LCGC contacted the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), seeking approval to install a Blue Star Memorial By-Way Marker as a tribute to the nation's armed forces (see bottom of page for a history of the Blue Star Memorials). A 2,300-pound pink mica memorial marker was placed

217

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/bali_2_copenhagen_dom_policy_lessons.pdf The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Screenshot References: The Lessons of Practice[1] Summary "The objectives of this paper are threefold: to review experience to date with policy reforms that can help mitigate climate change, to review work

218

'Dark' Milky Way Satellite Uncovered - NERSC SCience News March 21, 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'Dark' Milky Way 'Dark' Milky Way Satellite Galaxy Uncovered 'Dark' Milky Way Satellite Galaxy Uncovered NERSC Aids in Discovery March 21, 2011 | Tags: Astrophysics, Franklin, High Energy Physics (HEP) Contact: Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov , +1 510 495 2402 NERSC Analytics' Mr. Prabhat created this 3D visualization showing the merger of two galaxies using Chakrabarti's data. Astronomers predict that large spiral galaxies, like our Milky Way, have hundreds of satellite galaxies orbiting around them. While a few satellites are visible, like the Magellanic Clouds, many other galaxies are too dim to see. Scientists suspect that these faint satellite galaxies are primarily comprised of mysterious "dark matter," which makes up 85 percent of all matter in the universe and so far remains undetected.

219

DOE Clears Way for Closure of Emptied Waste Tanks at Idaho National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Clears Way for Closure of Emptied Waste Tanks at Idaho National DOE Clears Way for Closure of Emptied Waste Tanks at Idaho National Laboratory DOE Clears Way for Closure of Emptied Waste Tanks at Idaho National Laboratory November 20, 2006 - 9:25am Addthis Secretary Bodman Signs Idaho Waste Determination After Consultation with NRC WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman yesterday signed a waste determination for the Idaho Tank Farm Facility clearing the way for the Department of Energy (DOE) to safely and permanently close the 15 waste storage tanks at the Idaho National Laboratory near Arco, Idaho. DOE will begin grouting the first 11 cleaned and emptied tanks at Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) and plans to complete all 15 tanks by December 2012. Assistant Secretary of Energy for Environmental Management James Rispoli

220

Lighting the Way for Big Energy Savings in Los Angeles | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way for Big Energy Savings in Los Angeles Lighting the Way for Big Energy Savings in Los Angeles Lighting the Way for Big Energy Savings in Los Angeles November 14, 2013 - 1:10pm Addthis A Los Angeles lighting project is saving the city $7 million a year in electricity costs. | Photo courtesy of Los Angeles Bureau of Street Lighting A Los Angeles lighting project is saving the city $7 million a year in electricity costs. | Photo courtesy of Los Angeles Bureau of Street Lighting Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager The world's largest light emitting diode (LED) conversion project to date is under way in Los Angeles, California. In the project's first phase alone, the city retrofitted over 141,000 streetlights, reducing energy use by 63% and saving the city $7 million a year in electricity costs. The project is expected to reduce carbon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair Students Lead the Way at the White House Science Fair October 18, 2010 - 6:55pm Addthis The President looks at a model solar car built by Mikayla Nelson of Montana, White House Photo, Chuck Kennedy, 10/18/10 The President looks at a model solar car built by Mikayla Nelson of Montana, White House Photo, Chuck Kennedy, 10/18/10 John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Mikayla Nelson doesn't understand the concept of slacking. At 14 years old she works at a local hobby store to help pay her way through school, takes flying lessons and is restoring both a plane and a 1967 VW Beetle. Somehow, she has still found time to be an integral part of a team that has made two

222

NETL: News Release - Energy Department to Study New Ways to Capture, Store  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Department to Study New Ways To Capture, Store Greenhouse Gases Energy Department to Study New Ways To Capture, Store Greenhouse Gases New Projects Follow President Bush's Endorsement Of Carbon Sequestration in Climate Change Policy WASHINGTON, DC - With President Bush citing the promise of new cutting-edge technology as a way to counter the buildup of greenhouse gases, Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham announced today that the U.S. Department of Energy will help co-fund eight new exploratory projects to study ways to capture and store carbon gases. The eight projects emerged from a nationwide competition that attracted 62 proposals from private companies, universities, local governments, and environmental organizations. The winning proposals came from BP, Alstom Power, Praxair, Consol, Dakota Gasification, Advanced Resources International, The Nature Conservancy, and Yolo County, California.

223

Report to Congress: Corridors and Rights-of-Way on Federal Lands...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corridors and Rights-of-Way on Federal Lands Authority to grant, issue, or renew electric transmission ROWs on Federal land is held by the Forest Service (FS) of the U.S....

224

What is the appropriate way to show LED lighting in COMcheck...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policies Glossary Related Links ACE Learning Series What is the appropriate way to show LED lighting in COMcheck? The following steps should be used to account for LED lighting in...

225

A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One December 17, 2010 - 3:24pm Addthis A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Every year, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy builds a gingerbread house to celebrate the holidays. This year they rolled out a bit more dough and built a gingerbread neighborhood. As you might expect, it's not your average, run-of-the-mill, gingerbread neighborhood. This town is all about using energy wisely. All the buildings have smart meters made from fig cookies (work with me here), and some feature cool roofs made of icing to keep air conditioning bills low in the summer. I don't know

226

Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Rebate | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Rebate Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Rebate Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Rebate < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,000 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.40/annual kWh saved (on average $800 to $1,000) Provider Ashland Electric Utilities Department The City of Ashland Conservation Division offers a solar water heating program to its residential electric customers who currently use an electric water heater. Under "The Bright Way to Heat Water Program," qualified home owners may choose either the cash rebate or a zero-interest loan. Cash rebates of up to $1,000 are available for approved systems. The rebate

227

Indonesia-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Indonesia-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.ecn.nl/en/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References ECN Policy Studies[1] Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies[2] Overview The projects has three main goals: to provide input for a general methodology for developing Low Carbon Development Strategies to contribute to knowledge, mutual understanding and experience on the concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies with the aim to inform the

228

Event:ECOWAS High-Level Forum: Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Level Forum: Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for Level Forum: Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png ECOWAS High-Level Forum: Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: on 2012/10/29 "ECREEE in cooperation with the Global Forum for Sustainable Energy (GSFE), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), are organizing a three-day High Level Forum on the theme: "Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency". Hosted by the Government of Ghana, the forum will contribute to the UN Sustainable Energy For All Initiative and will follow-up on the key decisions of the Rio+20 Summit". Participants will

229

A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One December 17, 2010 - 3:24pm Addthis A Gingerbread Village That's Sweet In More Ways Than One Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Every year, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy builds a gingerbread house to celebrate the holidays. This year they rolled out a bit more dough and built a gingerbread neighborhood. As you might expect, it's not your average, run-of-the-mill, gingerbread neighborhood. This town is all about using energy wisely. All the buildings have smart meters made from fig cookies (work with me here), and some feature cool roofs made of icing to keep air conditioning bills low in the summer. I don't know

230

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.ecn.nl/en/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 Country Ghana Western Africa References ECN Policy Studies[1] Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies[2] Overview The projects has three main goals: to provide input for a general methodology for developing Low Carbon Development Strategies to contribute to knowledge, mutual understanding and experience on the concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies with the aim to inform the international climate negotiations

231

Event:ECOWAS High-Level Forum: Paving the Way for Sustainable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png ECOWAS High-Level Forum: Paving...

232

Broadband circulators based on directional coupling of one-way waveguides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resonator-based optical circulators are fundamentally bandwidth-limited by their quality factors. We propose a new type of circulator based on directional coupling between one-way photonic chiral edge states and conventional ...

Qiu, Wenjun

233

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay SUVs Year Model Displ Cyl Trans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI Q5 Hybrid 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV...

234

Model Year 2012-2013 SmartWay Vans Year Model Displ Cyl Trans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-2013 SmartWay Vans Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Air Pollution Score City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Score...

235

Better Lithium-Ion Batteries Are On The Way From Berkeley Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Lithium-ion Battery on the Way Simulations Reveal How New Polymer Absorbs Eight Times the Lithium of Current Designs September 23, 2011 Paul Preuss,...

236

A network of spiking neurons for computing sparse representations in an energy-efficient way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computing sparse redundant representations is an important problem in both applied mathematics and neuroscience. In many applications, this problem must be solved in an energy-efficient way. Here, we propose a hybrid distributed algorithm (HDA), which ...

Tao Hu; Alexander Genkin; Dmitri B. Chklovskii

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Turtles All The Way Down: A Clean-Slate, Ground-Up, First-Principles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turtles All The Way Down: A Clean-Slate, Ground-Up, First-Principles Approach to Secure Systems- works [15,53]. Also, metrics for anomaly detection systems are notoriously unreliable [2, 38]. Although

Peisert, Sean

238

Initial Results From The Navy Two-Way Interactive Nested Tropical Cyclone Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation, two-way interactive nested tropical cyclone model has been developed by the Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility for operational use during the 1980 typhoon season. The fine mesh grid of the model operates ...

Edward J. Harrison Jr.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Driver input selection for main-memory multi-way joins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stream query processing has a particularly broad range of applications from sensor data processing and internet traffic analysis to runtime monitoring of stock market and server logs, and scientific simulations. This work focuses on multi-way join queries ...

Emmanouil Valsomatzis; Anastasios Gounaris

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Commitment is a Two-Way Street: Toyota, California and NUMMI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohnsman and Kae Inoue, Toyota Will Shut California Plant inJeffrey Liker and Michael Hoseus, Toyota Culture: The Heartand Soul of the Toyota Way (New York: McGraw- Hill, 2008),

Shaiken, Harley

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Energy from the Center of the Milky Way May Be the Remnant of...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy from the Center of the Milky Way May Be the Remnant of Dark Matter News In the News In Focus 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony Recovery...

243

High-resolution absorption spectroscopy of the circumgalactic medium of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we discuss the importance of high-resolution absorption spectroscopy for our understanding of the distribution and physical nature of the gaseous circumgalactic medium (CGM) that surrounds the Milky Way. Observational and theoretical studies indicate a high complexity of the gas kinematics and an extreme multi-phase nature of the CGM in low-redshift galaxies. High-precision absorption-line measurements of the Milky Way's gas environment thus are essential to explore fundamental parameters of circumgalactic gas in the local Universe, such as mass, chemical composition, and spatial distribution. We shortly review important characteristics of the Milky Way's CGM and discuss recent results from our multi-wavelength observations of the Magellanic Stream. Finally, we discuss the potential of studying the warm-hot phase of the Milky Way's CGM by searching for extremely weak [FeX] l6374.5 and [FeIVX] l5302.9 absorption in optical QSO spectra.

Richter, P; Bekhti, N Ben; Murphy, M T; Bomans, D; Frank, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs July 22, 2013 - 4:18pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you save on electricity costs. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Jul 26 2013 10:27:57 From powering our homes' lights and kitchen appliances to running our TVs and computers -- electricity is an essential part of our modern life. It should be no surprise that the average residential electricity bill is more than $110 a month, according to the Energy

245

Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Loan | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Loan Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Loan Ashland Electric Utility - Bright Way to Heat Water Loan < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate not specified Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount not specified Provider Ashland Electric Utilities Department The City of Ashland Conservation Division offers a solar water heating program to residential electric customers who currently use an electric water heater. Under "The Bright Way to Heat Water Program," qualified home owners may take advantage of the City's zero-interest loan program or a cash rebate. Customers choosing a loan repay it as part of their monthly utility bill. Interested customers are provided site evaluations, consumer

246

Conservation and Wetland Banking Opportunities Within Transmission Rights-of-Way.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs) encompass millions of acres. Some of these lands include aquatic resources and land suitable for threatened or endangered species habitat. Wetland mitigation banking and habitat conservation banking provide legally recognized ways to offset permitted impacts to aquatic resources and wildlife by providing compensatory mitigation "credits" generated by conservation activities. Because ROW corridor lands traverse a variety of aquatic resources and habitats, an...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

247

Rights-Of-Way (ROW) Environmental Management: New ROW Development and Existing ROW Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During October 27-29, 1997, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the Empire State Electric Energy Research Corporation (ESEERCO) sponsored a workshop to assess the need for a program of environmental research on Rights-of-Way (ROW) development and management, and to develop a research agenda. The workshop built on 1993 and 1996 EPRI meetings, and on the 6th International Symposium on Environmental Concerns in Rights-of-Way Management held in February, 1997. This document presents the proceedi...

1999-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Transmission Right-of-Way Steward Accreditation Pilot Audit Report: Arizona Public Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the findings of an independent audit conducted by specialists representing the Right-of-Way (ROW) Steward Program. The purpose of the audit was to evaluate the environmental, economic, and social aspectsthe sustainabilityof Arizona Public Services (APSs) electric transmission line right-of-way vegetation management and to determine gaps in its sustainable conduct of integrated vegetation management.Integrated vegetation management, or IVM, ...

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

249

Rights-of-Way Stability: A 15-year Appraisal of Plant Dynamics on Electric Power Rights-of-Way in New York State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational, selective removal of trees on rights-of-way (ROWs) can create relatively stable, compositionally constant low-density tree populations. This report presents the results of studies on 21 electric transmission line ROWs in New York State. The results show that selective vegetation management of undesirable species, an ecologically based management technique, helps promote or maintain plant species richness and diversity on upland landscapes, but appears to have no effect in wetlands. In additi...

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

250

AN ADVANCED FRACTURE CHARACTERIZATION AND WELL PATH NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EFFECTIVE RE-DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT OF ULTIMATE RECOVERY FROM THE COMPLEX MONTEREY RESERVOIR OF SOUTH ELLWOOD FIELD, OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the methodologies developed in this project. This report presents a summary of all technical work conducted during the fifth quarter of Budget Period II.

Steve Horner

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

252

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

253

THE SHAPES OF MILKY WAY SATELLITES: LOOKING FOR SIGNATURES OF TIDAL STIRRING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the shapes of Milky Way satellites in the context of the tidal stirring scenario for the formation of dwarf spheroidal galaxies. The standard procedures used to measure shapes involve smoothing and binning of data and thus may not be sufficient to detect structural properties such as bars, which are usually subtle in low surface brightness systems. Taking advantage of the fact that in nearby dwarfs photometry of individual stars is available, we introduce discrete measures of shape based on the two-dimensional inertia tensor and the Fourier bar mode. We apply these measures of shape first to a variety of simulated dwarf galaxies formed via tidal stirring of disks embedded in dark matter halos and orbiting the Milky Way. In addition to strong mass loss and randomization of stellar orbits, the disks undergo morphological transformation that typically involves the formation of a triaxial bar after the first pericenter passage. These tidally induced bars persist for a few Gyr before being shortened toward a more spherical shape if the tidal force is strong enough. We test this prediction by measuring in a similar way the shape of nearby dwarf galaxies, satellites of the Milky Way. We detect inner bars in Ursa Minor, Sagittarius, Large Magellanic Cloud, and possibly Carina. In addition, 6 out of 11 dwarfs that we studied show elongated stellar distributions in the outer parts that may signify transition to tidal tails. We thus find the shapes of Milky Way satellites to be consistent with the predictions of the tidal stirring model.

Lokas, Ewa L. [Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, 00-716 Warsaw (Poland); Majewski, Steven R.; Nidever, David L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Kazantzidis, Stelios [Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Mayer, Lucio [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Carlin, Jeffrey L. [Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180-3590 (United States); Moustakas, Leonidas A., E-mail: lokas@camk.edu.pl [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

254

Smart Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future Smart Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future April 25, 2013 - 9:28am Addthis Eric Lightner Eric Lightner Director of the Federal Smart Grid Task Force in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Learning how to be smarter and more efficient about reducing our energy consumption is on the minds of everyone this week. The smart grid, with its improved efficiency and performance, is helping consumers conserve energy and save money every day. To take full advantage of a modern electric grid, however, people need to understand what those opportunities are. The "Power Over Energy" energy literacy initiative, which the Department joined this week, is educating, motivating and empowering

255

Murray Gell-Mann, the Eightfold Way, Quarks, and Quantum Chromodynamics  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Murray Gell-Mann, the Eightfold Way, and Quantum Chromodynamics Murray Gell-Mann, the Eightfold Way, and Quantum Chromodynamics Resources with Additional Information Murray Gell-Mann Courtesy of the Santa Fe Institute 'In 1969, Professor Gell-Mann received the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. Professor Gell-Mann's "eightfold way" theory brought order to the chaos created by the discovery of some 100 particles in the atom's nucleus. Then he found that all of those particles, including the neutron and proton, are composed of fundamental building blocks that he named "quarks." The quarks are permanently confined by forces coming from the exchange of "gluons." He and others later constructed the quantum field theory of quarks and gluons, called "quantum chromodynamics," which seems to account for all the nuclear particles and their strong interactions." ...

256

Home Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown Home Energy Saver Website Leads the Way to Savingstown November 28, 2012 - 11:18am Addthis Visit the Home Energy Saver website to learn energy-saving specifics about your home. Visit the Home Energy Saver website to learn energy-saving specifics about your home. Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Home Energy Saver website pinpoints the inefficient aspects of your home and makes recommendations that could save you hundreds of dollars. Energy Saver Blog readers interested in saving energy in their homes and starting to take back some of the hard cash they're spending on power should check out this website called Home Energy Saver.

257

Small Businesses Pave the Way to $20 Million in Savings at Oak Ridge |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Pave the Way to $20 Million in Savings at Oak Small Businesses Pave the Way to $20 Million in Savings at Oak Ridge Small Businesses Pave the Way to $20 Million in Savings at Oak Ridge December 13, 2012 - 4:00pm Addthis John Hale III John Hale III Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Earlier this week, the Office of Environmental Management shared the news that a new enclosure at Oak Ridge that processes radioactive casks has saved nearly $20 million by putting the facility on a path to complete cleanup work two years ahead of schedule. Small businesses were critical to making that happen. The new enclosure, called the Cask Processing Enclosure, is operated by Wastren Advantage Inc., a certified 8(a) disadvantaged business. Wastren Advantage Inc. began over 20 years ago in Piketon, Ohio, and they now have

258

DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in Florida DOE Signing Paves the Way for Funding, Construction of Innovative Clean Coal Plant in Florida April 3, 2007 - 12:17pm Addthis Advanced Technology System Deemed One of the Cleanest, Most Efficient in the World WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced the signing of a Record of Decision that clears the path for construction of a $569-million, 285-megawatt coal-fired power plant that will be one of the cleanest, most efficient plants of its kind in the world. The plant will be co-owned by Southern Power Company, the Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC), and Kellogg, Brown and Root and will be located at OUC's existing Stanton Energy Center near Orlando, FL. DOE will

259

Washington Silicon Plant Makes Way for Cheaper Solar-and Jobs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington Silicon Plant Makes Way for Cheaper Solar-and Jobs Washington Silicon Plant Makes Way for Cheaper Solar-and Jobs Washington Silicon Plant Makes Way for Cheaper Solar-and Jobs November 2, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis REC Silicon received a $154 million 48C tax credit for a $1.7 billion expansion of its Moses Lake, WA, plant. | Photo courtesy of REC Silicon | REC Silicon received a $154 million 48C tax credit for a $1.7 billion expansion of its Moses Lake, WA, plant. | Photo courtesy of REC Silicon | Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE In most industries, if it's expensive to make, it's probably expensive to buy. This is particularly evident in the solar world. Refining the raw material used in photovoltaic panels, silicon, is not a cheap endeavor, and has kept the price of panels more expensive than other energy sources.

260

Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More than One Way to Hammer a Nail More than One Way to Hammer a Nail Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail March 18, 2013 - 3:43pm Addthis Last week, Argonne National Laboratory hosted the 18th annual Rube Goldberg Machine Contest, which gathered nine high school teams in a competition to build a series of simples tasks, combining the principles of physics and engineering. By using common objects like marbles and bicycle parts, the students were assigned to build a machine that takes at least 20 steps to hammer a nail. In this photo, members of a Hoffman Estates High School team works on assembling a Toyland-themed Rube Goldberg machine. Check out more photos of the competition's complex and colorful Rube Goldberg machines. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy Secretary Bodman Kicks Off National "Easy Ways to Save Energy"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National "Easy Ways to Save National "Easy Ways to Save Energy" Campaign Energy Secretary Bodman Kicks Off National "Easy Ways to Save Energy" Campaign October 3, 2005 - 11:04am Addthis WASHINGTON DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today unveiled a comprehensive national campaign to highlight how American families, businesses and the federal government can save energy in response to rising winter energy costs. Secretary Bodman was joined in announcing this effort by Kateri Callahan, President of The Alliance to Save Energy. "As a result of tight oil and gas markets, and the damage done by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, it's likely that consumers will see an increase in their heating bills this winter," Secretary Bodman said. "Our entire administration, from the President on down, is concerned about the

262

Energy from the Center of the Milky Way May Be the Remnant of Dark Matter |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy from Energy from the Center of the Milky Way May Be the Remnant of Dark Matter News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.17.10 Energy from the Center of the Milky Way May Be the Remnant of Dark Matter Dark matter particles continue to hide, but they release energy when they collide: evidence shows that gamma rays from the center of our galaxy may come from dark matter collisions. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page From the center of the Milky Way, dark matter particles may be sending signals of their existence. Astrophysicists analyzing data from the center

263

Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence July 20, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Francis X. Vogel Executive Director and Coordinator of the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition Global warming and oil dependence are on the front burner for good, and for good reason. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill that began on April 20 is now the worst oil disaster in American history. Meanwhile, U.S. transportation is still almost totally dependent on oil and responsible for about 30% of the nation's greenhouse gas emissions. About 60% of that oil comes from foreign sources. Is there anything we can do? Thankfully, there is something we can all do today, whether we drive the latest advanced-technology vehicle or a junkyard special. It's called

264

GRR/Section 3-TX-c - Highway Right of Way Lease | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-TX-c - Highway Right of Way Lease 3-TX-c - Highway Right of Way Lease < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-TX-c - Highway Right of Way Lease 03TXCEncroachmentIssues.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Texas General Land Office Texas Department of Transportation Regulations & Policies 43 TAC 21.600 43 TAC 21.603 43 TAC 21.606 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03TXCEncroachmentIssues.pdf 03TXCEncroachmentIssues.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the procedure for obtaining a state highway asset lease in Texas. The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) may lease any highway asset.

265

New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings July 6, 2010 - 2:01pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL A few weeks ago, our entire communications office was lucky enough to be among the first to move into the new Research Support Facility (RSF) here at the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL). Moving into a new building may not sound all that exciting, but this was a momentous day for NREL: the RSF is ultra-efficient and is a showcase for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. As the lab's director, Dan Arvizu, said in his welcome message to our office, "The Laboratory began this journey more than thirty years ago, and today-after years of research, planning, and sixteen months of

266

Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future August 6, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis Using computer modeling technology from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), truck manufacturer Navistar is able to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and durability without the expense of wind tunnel testing. | Photo courtesy of LLNL Livermore Valley Open Campus. Using computer modeling technology from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), truck manufacturer Navistar is able to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and durability without the expense of wind tunnel testing. | Photo courtesy of LLNL Livermore Valley Open Campus. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

267

An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative Technologies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative Technologies An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative Technologies An Easy Way to Find Patents for Innovative Technologies April 23, 2012 - 1:17pm Addthis The new Visual Patent Finder tool, shown here, helps you easily browse the over 16,000 issued U.S. patents for Energy Department-funded technologies. The new Visual Patent Finder tool, shown here, helps you easily browse the over 16,000 issued U.S. patents for Energy Department-funded technologies. Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How does it work? The Energy Innovation Portal's new Visual Patent Finder helps users easily browse through thousands of patents The application identifies word occurrence patterns across all patent records, and creates "clusters" of results

268

Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters August 18, 2011 - 6:26pm Addthis The Re_house is nearing completion. | Courtesy of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Solar Decathlon Team. The Re_house is nearing completion. | Courtesy of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Solar Decathlon Team. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. In honor of the U.S Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered

269

Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail Photo of the Week: More than One Way to Hammer a Nail March 18, 2013 - 3:43pm Addthis Last week, Argonne National Laboratory hosted the 18th annual Rube Goldberg Machine Contest, which gathered nine high school teams in a competition to build a series of simples tasks, combining the principles of physics and engineering. By using common objects like marbles and bicycle parts, the students were assigned to build a machine that takes at least 20 steps to hammer a nail. In this photo, members of a Hoffman Estates High School team works on assembling a Toyland-themed Rube Goldberg machine. Check out more photos of the competition's complex and colorful Rube Goldberg machines. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory.

270

Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future Supercomputing Our Way to a Clean Energy Future August 6, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis Using computer modeling technology from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), truck manufacturer Navistar is able to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and durability without the expense of wind tunnel testing. | Photo courtesy of LLNL Livermore Valley Open Campus. Using computer modeling technology from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), truck manufacturer Navistar is able to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and durability without the expense of wind tunnel testing. | Photo courtesy of LLNL Livermore Valley Open Campus. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

271

Dear 30% of Gamers: Here's an Easy Way to Save Some Money | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dear 30% of Gamers: Here's an Easy Way to Save Some Money Dear 30% of Gamers: Here's an Easy Way to Save Some Money Dear 30% of Gamers: Here's an Easy Way to Save Some Money May 14, 2012 - 5:21pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory A couple of years ago, I wrote an incredibly nerdy post about videogame consoles and energy. (I'm still stupidly proud of that lame Castlevania reference in the first line. Seriously.) Why, you might ask, am I bringing up my nerdiness again? Well, it's because I ran into this article on Ars Technica on energy and videogame consoles that cites a Carnegie Mellon study with surprising results: America used nearly 16 terawatt-hours of energy on videogames in 2010, and a good chunk of it was wasted. In fact, the study assumed that 30% of all gamers left their consoles on

272

New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov September 24, 2013 - 5:49pm Addthis The Energy Departments headquarters at the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC. | Energy Department photo, credit Quentin Kruger. The Energy Departments headquarters at the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC. | Energy Department photo, credit Quentin Kruger. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Every day on Energy.gov, we strive to provide you with the latest updates on how the Energy Department is meeting its mission. From innovative research at our National Labs to progress in advancing the Presidents climate agenda, Energy.gov online content is part of our ongoing commitment to share who we are, what we do and why it matters to you.

273

Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama September 12, 2012 - 2:15pm Addthis Boaz, Alabama Mayor Tim Walker, along with state representatives and community leaders, cut the ribbon for the state's solar LED light pilot project. | Photo courtesy of Lionel Green, Sand Mountain Reporter. Boaz, Alabama Mayor Tim Walker, along with state representatives and community leaders, cut the ribbon for the state's solar LED light pilot project. | Photo courtesy of Lionel Green, Sand Mountain Reporter. Tertia Speiser Project Officer, Golden Field Office "I want to invite everyone to come to Boaz and see the future of responsible highway lighting and power generation." -Boaz Mayor Tim Walker

274

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles: Paving the Way to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles: Paving the Way to Commercial Success Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles: Paving the Way to Commercial Success Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles: Paving the Way to Commercial Success Research focuses on boosting reliability, reducing costs, and designing infrastructure of the future. A photo of a white Toyota fuel cell hybrid vehicle driving on a road. The side of the vehicle includes a blue NREL logo and a decal that reads, "Powered by 100% Renewable Sources". Enlarge image Powered by a fuel cell system with light-weight, high-pressure hydrogen tanks, an electric motor, a nickel-metal-hydride battery, and a power-control unit, the Toyota fuel cell electric vehicle has zero tailpipe emissions. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL As nations around the world pursue sustainable transportation solutions,

275

Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract Ten Ways to Lower Perceived Risk and Finance Rates within Utility Contract October 7, 2013 - 2:29pm Addthis Federal agencies can use the following 10 methods during project negotiations to lower perceived project risk and finance rates to get the best value from utility energy service contracts (UESCs). 1. Time is Money Money can be saved anywhere you reduce processing time and facilitate quick closure of your deal. A short turnaround reduces the administrative cost for the utility and subcontractor teams. Delays also impact the interest rate especially as finance companies lose the ability to hold interest rates during grace periods. The sooner the project is implemented, the sooner it begins saving energy and money for your facility. Every delay is

276

Iron-based Material Paves Way for New Superconductors | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iron-based Material Paves Way for New Superconductors Iron-based Material Paves Way for New Superconductors Iron-based Material Paves Way for New Superconductors February 12, 2013 - 6:26pm Addthis Brookhaven physicists Weidong Si (left) and Qiang Li look into the vacuum chamber where the new high-field iron-based superconductors are made through a process called pulsed-laser deposition. Brookhaven physicists Weidong Si (left) and Qiang Li look into the vacuum chamber where the new high-field iron-based superconductors are made through a process called pulsed-laser deposition. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How much better is this film? Under an intense 30-tesla magnetic field, the film carried a record-high 200,000 amperes per square centimeter.

277

Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters August 18, 2011 - 6:26pm Addthis The Re_house is nearing completion. | Courtesy of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Solar Decathlon Team. The Re_house is nearing completion. | Courtesy of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Solar Decathlon Team. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. In honor of the U.S Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered

278

New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings New Offices, New Ways of Working, and Abundant Energy Savings July 6, 2010 - 2:01pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL A few weeks ago, our entire communications office was lucky enough to be among the first to move into the new Research Support Facility (RSF) here at the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL). Moving into a new building may not sound all that exciting, but this was a momentous day for NREL: the RSF is ultra-efficient and is a showcase for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. As the lab's director, Dan Arvizu, said in his welcome message to our office, "The Laboratory began this journey more than thirty years ago, and today-after years of research, planning, and sixteen months of

279

Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings May 18, 2011 - 4:32pm Addthis Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the Austen Youth Center in Cape Coral, Florida. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Coral Youth Center Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the Austen Youth Center in Cape Coral, Florida. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Coral Youth Center April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Reduce the city's energy use by 40 percent over the next 15 years. Engineers able to research more efficient lighting techniques.

280

New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov New Ways to Stay Engaged on Energy.gov September 24, 2013 - 5:49pm Addthis The Energy Departments headquarters at the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC. | Energy Department photo, credit Quentin Kruger. The Energy Departments headquarters at the Forrestal Building in Washington, DC. | Energy Department photo, credit Quentin Kruger. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Every day on Energy.gov, we strive to provide you with the latest updates on how the Energy Department is meeting its mission. From innovative research at our National Labs to progress in advancing the Presidents climate agenda, Energy.gov online content is part of our ongoing commitment to share who we are, what we do and why it matters to you.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill October 26, 2009 - 3:49pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Sometimes it surprises me to see that the most popular pages on the site are the ones about solar water heaters and demand (or tankless) water heaters. But considering that water heating can account for around 12% of a family's utility bill-the biggest chunk after space heating and cooling-it really shouldn't be that surprising that you want to know how to heat your water more efficiently. Obviously, not everyone is in a position to go out and buy a new water heater, but we can all do something to use less water and save on our bills. Whether you're looking for no-cost habit changes, low-cost purchases or

282

ARPA-E Awardee PARC Aims to Change the Way We Think About Batteries |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awardee PARC Aims to Change the Way We Think About Batteries Awardee PARC Aims to Change the Way We Think About Batteries ARPA-E Awardee PARC Aims to Change the Way We Think About Batteries May 23, 2013 - 1:29pm Addthis Dr. Eric Shrader, the principal investigator of PARC’s battery co-extrusion project, talks about battery innovation and the company's project with ARPA-E. | Photo courtesy of PARC. Dr. Eric Shrader, the principal investigator of PARC's battery co-extrusion project, talks about battery innovation and the company's project with ARPA-E. | Photo courtesy of PARC. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs About ARPA-E: Modeled after the successful Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), ARPA-E advances high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment.

283

Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama Solar LED Light Pilot Project Illuminates the Way in Alabama September 12, 2012 - 2:15pm Addthis Boaz, Alabama Mayor Tim Walker, along with state representatives and community leaders, cut the ribbon for the state's solar LED light pilot project. | Photo courtesy of Lionel Green, Sand Mountain Reporter. Boaz, Alabama Mayor Tim Walker, along with state representatives and community leaders, cut the ribbon for the state's solar LED light pilot project. | Photo courtesy of Lionel Green, Sand Mountain Reporter. Tertia Speiser Project Officer, Golden Field Office "I want to invite everyone to come to Boaz and see the future of responsible highway lighting and power generation." -Boaz Mayor Tim Walker

284

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity November 17, 2009 - 8:45pm Addthis John Lippert Clean air means a lot to me. My wife and I had a small solar electric system installed on the roof of our house that produces about 2% of the annual electricity consumed by our all-electric house. We don't have a large south-facing roof, so we couldn't easily install a larger system. But what about the remaining 98% electricity that we need to buy? About half a dozen years ago we signed up for 100% wind electricity after our state deregulated its electricity industry. We didn't have much of a choice to purchase "green" electricity. Only two utility companies offered electricity produced by renewable energy to residents of Maryland where I

285

Power Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska) Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska) Power Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Line Extension Analysis Provider Nebraska Public Power District This statute describes procedures for power districts (utilities,

286

Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades May 4, 2010 - 11:11am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The $40 million of Recovery Acts funds used for weatherizing more than 6,500 homes over the next two years in Arkansas is a welcomed boost, but Martha Jane Murray of the Clinton Foundation is thinking bigger. "How do we create a more robust delivery system that is not just relying on federal dollars," asks Martha Jane, the program director for the foundation's Arkansas Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI AR). For CCI AR, one answer is the Home Energy Affordability Loan, or HEAL, program. In a unique approach to help chip away at the list of homes in need of weatherization and lower industrial energy consumption, CCI AR developed a

287

Optical one-way quantum computing with a simulated valence-bond solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One-way quantum computation proceeds by sequentially measuring individual spins (qubits) in an entangled many-spin resource state. It remains a challenge, however, to efficiently produce such resource states. Is it possible to reduce the task of generating these states to simply cooling a quantum many-body system to its ground state? Cluster states, the canonical resource for one-way quantum computing, do not naturally occur as ground states of physical systems. This led to a significant effort to identify alternative resource states that appear as ground states in spin lattices. An appealing candidate is a valence-bond-solid state described by Affleck, Kennedy, Lieb, and Tasaki (AKLT). It is the unique, gapped ground state for a two-body Hamiltonian on a spin-1 chain, and can be used as a resource for one-way quantum computing. Here, we experimentally generate a photonic AKLT state and use it to implement single-qubit quantum logic gates.

Jonathan Lavoie; Rainer Kaltenbaek; Bei Zeng; Stephen D. Bartlett; Kevin J. Resch

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

Department of Energy Paves Way for Additional Clean Energy Projects and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Paves Way for Additional Clean Energy Projects Paves Way for Additional Clean Energy Projects and Jobs Through Manufacturing Solicitation Department of Energy Paves Way for Additional Clean Energy Projects and Jobs Through Manufacturing Solicitation August 12, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington D.C. --- Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today a new loan guarantee solicitation for renewable energy manufacturing projects. The Commercial Technology Manufacturing Systems and Components solicitation is supported by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act through Section 1705 of the Loan Guarantee Program. The solicitation will support the deployment of renewable energy technologies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help increase employment in the nation's green manufacturing sector, which is part of the Administration's long-term plan to create new

289

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops May 24, 2013 - 9:40am Addthis The self-propelled baler collects and packages bales of feedstock on-site that can be immediately loaded and sent to a biorefinery for use. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The self-propelled baler collects and packages bales of feedstock on-site that can be immediately loaded and sent to a biorefinery for use. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The bale picking truck follows the self-propelled baler, picking up and packaging the bales into packs before transferring them to an attached flatbed. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The bale picking truck follows the self-propelled baler, picking up and packaging the bales into packs before transferring them to an attached

290

Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the Way to Energy Savings May 18, 2011 - 4:32pm Addthis Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the Austen Youth Center in Cape Coral, Florida. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Coral Youth Center Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the Austen Youth Center in Cape Coral, Florida. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Coral Youth Center April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Reduce the city's energy use by 40 percent over the next 15 years. Engineers able to research more efficient lighting techniques.

291

Energy Department Partners with State of New Jersey to Study Ways to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partners with State of New Jersey to Study Ways Partners with State of New Jersey to Study Ways to Improve the Reliability of New Jersey's Transit System in Aftermath of Superstorm Sandy Energy Department Partners with State of New Jersey to Study Ways to Improve the Reliability of New Jersey's Transit System in Aftermath of Superstorm Sandy August 26, 2013 - 11:23am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 SECUACUS, N.J. - As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing commitment to provide support to communities affected by Superstorm Sandy, the Energy Department today announced that it will partner with the State of New Jersey, NJ Transit and the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities to assess NJ Transit's energy needs and help develop a conceptual design of an advanced microgrid system. Under this partnership, the Department's

292

Top 12 Ways to Decrease the Energy Consumption of Your Data Center | ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Top 12 Ways to Decrease the Energy Consumption of Your Data Top 12 Ways to Decrease the Energy Consumption of Your Data Center Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

293

Experimental and numerical study of the behavior of three-way catalytic converters under different engine operation conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis reports the studies on how the three-way catalytic converters behave under different operation conditions. The main focus of the work is in the oxygen storage capacity of the three-way catalyst. Rich-to-lean ...

Zhang, Yuetao

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Corridors and Connectivity of Rights-of-Way: State of the Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report considers the topic of invasive species as it relates to power line and other rights-of-way. It presents a synopsis of the current state of the science, which is drawn from a review of the published, peer-reviewed scientific research on the subject. Information is supplemented with commentary from scientists, policymakers, and utility experts.

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

295

Magnetic Mapping, a way to test and understand current flows in thin and bulk superconductors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as well its dependence on the magnetic field or its behaviour in the flux flow regime. However, the directMagnetic Mapping, a way to test and understand current flows in thin and bulk superconductors. X mcarrera@macs.udl.es Keywords: Superconducting ceramics, Inverse problem, critical current

Amoros, Jaume

296

Automatic two way synchronization between server and multiple clients for HVAC system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors study different two way synchronization methods between a server and distributed clients. Client-server architectures are used to control multiple instances from center. Hard-coded embedded controllers are replaced by embedded controllers ... Keywords: HVAC, data synchronization, embedded systems, multi-agent systems, online file storage, thick client

Anton Tyukov; Adriaan Brebels; Maxim Shcherbakov

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Dead-Until-Touched: how digital icons can transform the way we interact with information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper challenges the way we currently use and interact with information through digital icons and static metaphors. The latest computer and mobile devices' graphical user interfaces need to be reevaluated in order to support the paradigm shift from ... Keywords: GUI, UI, icons, interaction design, metaphors

Isabel Cristina G. Fres

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Effect of Two-Way AirSea Coupling in High and Low Wind Speed Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent advance in the Coupled OceanAtmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) is described and used to study two-way airsea coupling and its impact on two different weather scenarios. The first case examines the impact of a hurricane-...

Sue Chen; Tim J. Campbell; Hao Jin; Saa Gaberek; Richard M. Hodur; Paul Martin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Efficiently speeding up sequential computation through the n-way programming model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With core counts on the rise, the sequential components of applications are becoming the major bottleneck in performance scaling as predicted by Amdahl's law. We are therefore faced with the simultaneous problems of occupying an increasing number of ... Keywords: algorithmic diversity, n-way, parallel programming model, sequential computations, speedup

Romain E. Cledat; Tushar Kumar; Santosh Pande

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy Flux We discuss various ways of describing energy flux and related quantities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 6 Energy Flux We discuss various ways of describing energy flux and related quantities. 6.0.1 Energy Current Density The energy current density is given by the Poynting vector S = E ? H (6.1) where all quantities are real. The Poynting vector gives the instantaneous lo- cal energy current density

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

IMAGE ORIENTATION DETECTION WITH INTEGRATED HUMAN PERCEPTION CUES (OR WHICH WAY IS UP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMAGE ORIENTATION DETECTION WITH INTEGRATED HUMAN PERCEPTION CUES (OR WHICH WAY IS UP) Lei Wang In this paper, we propose a set of human perceptual cues used jointly to automatically detect image orientation. The cues used are: orientation of faces, position of the sky, brighter regions, and textured objects

Chen, Yiling

302

Summer 2010 Vol.34, No.2 Anonymous Donors Lead the Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the way in the Aroma garden with help from apprentice, Anne Salley, and student volunteers. Brett Hall of the popular places for people to designategiftswastomatchmoneydonated for student apprentices to Arboretum staff. To fill the Apprentice position we were particularly looking for Cabrillo horticulture students

California at Santa Cruz, University of

303

Instrument Performance Under Severe Accident Conditions: Ways to Acquire Information From Instrumentation Affected by an Accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under accident conditions, information is needed for diagnosing plant status and confirming plant responses to mitigative actions. This makes it important to understand how instruments behave in severe accident environments and to find ways to obtain information from the instruments under conditions that can be more severe than their design bases.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Quantum Computing and Lie Theory Feynman's suggestion that the only effective way to model quantum phe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Computing and Lie Theory Feynman's suggestion that the only effective way to model quantum phe- nomena on a computer would be to build a computer that made use of quantum mechanics was one of the cornerstones of the birth of quantum com- puting. In his later years he studied both classical and quantum

D'Agnolo, Andrea

305

Using synthetic emission maps to constrain the structure of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the current standing of an investigation into the structure of the Milky Way. We use smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) to simulate the ISM gas in the Milky Way under the effect of a number of different gravitational potentials representing the spiral arms and nuclear bars, both fixed and time-dependent. The gas is subject to ISM cooling and chemistry, enabling us to track the CO and HI density. We use a 3D grid-based radiative transfer code to simulate the emission from the SPH output, allowing for the construction of synthetic longitude-velocity maps as viewed from the Earth. By comparing these maps with the observed emission in CO and HI from the Milky Way (Dame et al. 2001, Kalberla et al. 2005), we can infer the arm/bar geometry that provides a best fit to our Galaxy. By doing so we aim to answer key questions concerning the morphology of the Milky Way such as the number of the spiral arms, the pattern speeds of the bar(s) and arms, the pitch angle of the arms and shape of the bar(s)

Pettitt, Alex; Acreman, David; Price, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A comparison between two grid scheduling philosophies: EGEE WMS and Grid Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve a reasonable degree of performance and reliability, Metascheduling has been revealed as a key functionality of the grid middleware. The aim of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis between two major grid scheduling philosophies: ... Keywords: EGEE WMS, Grid Way, Grid computing, fusion physics, metascheduling

J. L. Vzquez-Poletti; E. Huedo; R. S. Montero; I. M. Llorente

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve predictions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve calculate heat transfer through building enclosures to verify the benefit of energy efficiency upgrades) analysis to calculate the energy loss/gain through building walls and visualize different heat transfer

308

Abstract--The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. One way to approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract-- The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. One way blackout [1]. The distribution system provides major opportunities for smart grid concepts. Public policies a high level of robustness. VII. CONCLUSIONS An alternative to smart grid concepts using many DER units

309

NETL: News Release - New Projects to Study Ways to Recover Vast Quantities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 12, 2002 March 12, 2002 New Projects to Study Ways to Recover Vast Quantities of "Left Behind" Oil TULSA, OK - Nearly two out of every three barrels of oil discovered in the United States remain trapped underground after conventional recovery operations. This staggering amount of remaining oil - approximately 200 billion barrels - can be one of America's best hopes for greater energy security if new technologies can be developed to recover it. Often, however, the "left behind" oil is in regions of the reservoir that are difficult to access and the oil is held tightly in place within tiny rock pores by capillary pressures that resist many traditional oil production practices. Now, as part of its program to develop ways to free this unrecovered oil, the Department of Energy's Fossil Energy research program is adding three new projects to be carried out by three of the Nation's top petroleum engineering universities:

310

Microsoft Word - Longview-WashWay Acquisition REVISED CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2012 22, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Joan Kendall Project Manager - TERR-3 Proposed Action: AMENDED: Acquisition of a portion of Cowlitz County Public Utility District's (CCPUD) 115-kV transmission line from BPA's Longview Substation to CCPUD's Washington Way Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.24 Property Transfers Location: Township 8 North, Range 3 West, Section 36, and Township 8 North, Range 2 West, Sections 31 and 32 in Cowlitz County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to acquire a 1.5 mile portion of CCPUD's existing Longview-Washington Way 115-kV transmission line in order to provide a parallel

311

Third Buried Waste Retrieval Project under way at DOE Idaho Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Third Buried Waste Retrieval Project under way at DOE Idaho Site Third Buried Waste Retrieval Project under way at DOE Idaho Site The Idaho Cleanup Project has recently begun removing Cold War weapons waste from a third retrieval area at the Department of Energy�s Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) in eastern Idaho. Inside Project III enclosure An inside view of the Accelerated Retrieval Project III enclosure Click on image for larger picture The Accelerated Retrieval Project-III (ARP-III) began retrieving targeted waste consisting of plutonium-contaminated filters, graphite molds, solidified radioactively and organically contaminated sludges and oxidized uranium material on December 10, 2008. These materials originated at the Rocky Flats Plant near Denver, Colorado, during nuclear weapons production activities in the 1960s and were packaged in drums and sent to Idaho for

312

The Best Way to Meet ASHRAE 62.2 in Multifamily Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BEST WAY TO MEET BEST WAY TO MEET ASHRAE 62.2 IN MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS Iain Walker (LBNL) Building America Meeting 2013 ASHRAE 62.2 - 2013  Replaced previous 62-89 to be specifically for low-rise (under four story) residential  Under continuous revision  Current version is 2013  Has new section 8 for multi- family  A building = a unit  Applies to all units Local Exhaust  Local exhaust fans must be installed in bathrooms and kitchens  Must exhaust to outside  Bathrooms  50 CFM on-demand, or  20 CFM continuous.  Kitchen  100 CFM on-demand, or  5 ACH continuous, based on kitchen volume. Exception for existing units  Increase whole unit ventilation if lacking kitchen and bathroom exhausts  Missing exhausts are a "deficit"

313

Los Alamos National Laboratory again top contributor to United Way of Santa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL top contributor LANL top contributor Los Alamos National Laboratory again top contributor to United Way of Santa Fe County Employees and LANS, LLC donated $113,000 to the United Way of Santa Fe County's giving campaign. July 1, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Steve Sandoval

314

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Costs Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs July 22, 2013 - 4:18pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you save on electricity costs. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Jul 26 2013 10:27:57 From powering our homes' lights and kitchen appliances to running our TVs and computers -- electricity is an essential part of our modern life. It should be no surprise that the average residential electricity bill is more than $110 a month, according to the Energy

315

Multiphoton Laser Processing: A Unique and Simple Way to Enter the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multiphoton Laser Processing: A Unique and Simple Way to Enter the Multiphoton Laser Processing: A Unique and Simple Way to Enter the Nano-Platform Speaker(s): Andreas Ostendorf Date: January 27, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Multiphoton laser processing is one of the rapidly advancing laser technologies, providing unique possibilities for the fabrication of two- and three-dimensional microstructures. Multiphoton material processing has very important advantages over processes based on single photon absorption: an increased spatial resolution and the possibility of photofabrication inside transparent materials. Due to nonlinear nature of multiphoton processing, applications of ultrashort laser systems allow one to overcome the diffraction limit and to produce high quality 3D microstructures with a sub-wavelength resolution. This is very powerful

316

Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street ?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street ? Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street ? Irene Chiolo, Sylvain Costes and Gary H. Karpen. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA Goal: We are trying to understand the impact of exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation on epigenetic mechanisms, chromatin organization and functional responses, and how these processes affect the response to low-dose radiation. Background/Significance: Genomic instability (GI) is one of the hallmarks of cancer that contributes to genetic diversity and has been associated with exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) (1,2). Radiobiology dogma has focused on DNA as the likely target for GI effects of radiation, but until fairly recently, without incorporating roles for chromatin.

317

Forging the way with vision and foresight | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Forging the way with vision and foresight Forging the way with vision and foresight Feature Archive DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information launched the Information Bridge in 1998 as a free public access database containing the Department's full-text DOE research reports. OSTI envisioned there would be a dramatic increase in access to DOE research reports in the coming years. See growth statistics below. 1998 2012 Full-text research reports 32,000 292,000 Searchable pages (millions) 1.4 168 Website transactions 500,000+ 69 million OSTI Homepage Mobile Gallery Subscribe to RSS OSTI Blog Get Widgets Get Alert Services OSTI Facebook OSTI Twitter OSTI Google+ Bookmark and Share (Link will open in a new window) Go to Videos Loading... Stop news scroll Most Visited Adopt-A-Doc DOE Data Explorer

318

Personal Comfort Systems: Cooling/Heating Local Body Parts Efficient Ways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Personal Comfort Systems: Cooling/Heating Local Body Parts Efficient Ways Personal Comfort Systems: Cooling/Heating Local Body Parts Efficient Ways to Provide Comfort Indoors Speaker(s): Hui Zhang Date: October 9, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Rongxin Yin This presentation describes energy efficient approaches to provide comfort in offices by creating non-uniform and transient thermal environments. The presentation will describe 1) distributions and characteristics of thermoreceptors of human body, 2) comfort responses of people exposed to complex thermal environments, 3) concept of "alliesthesia", 4) personal comfort systems developed by CBE, 5) their energy efficiency and demand response potential, and 6) the CBE advanced thermal comfort model. A recording of this seminar is available at: https://vimeo.com/51536661

319

Advanced Photon Source lights the way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Photon Source lights the way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel Advanced Photon Source lights the way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel By Jared Sagoff * October 10, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Thanks in part to research performed at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded today to Americans Brian Kobilka and Robert Lefkowitz for their work on G-protein-coupled receptors. G-protein-coupled receptors, or GPCRs, are a large family of proteins embedded in a cell's membrane that sense molecules outside the cell and activate a cascade of different cellular processes in response. They constitute key components of how cells interact with their environments and are the target of nearly half of today's pharmaceuticals. These medicines work by connecting with many of the 800 or so human GPCRs.

320

THE MILKY WAY'S CIRCULAR-VELOCITY CURVE BETWEEN 4 AND 14 kpc FROM APOGEE DATA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We measure the Milky Way's rotation curve over the Galactocentric range 4 kpc {approx}data from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment. We model the line-of-sight velocities of 3365 stars in 14 fields with b = 0 Degree-Sign between 30 Degree-Sign {99 % confidence. We find an offset between the Sun's rotational velocity and the local circular velocity of 26 {+-} 3 km s{sup -1}, which is larger than the locally measured solar motion of 12 km s{sup -1}. This larger offset reconciles our value for V{sub c} with recent claims that V{sub c} {approx}> 240 km s{sup -1}. Combining our results with other data, we find that the Milky Way's dark-halo mass within the virial radius is {approx}8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} M {sub Sun }.

Bovy, Jo [Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Allende Prieto, Carlos; Meszaros, Szabolcs [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Beers, Timothy C. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry; Ebelke, Garrett L.; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Da Costa, Luiz N.; Girardi, Leo; Maia, Marcio A. G. [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Cunha, Katia [Observatorio Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Eisenstein, Daniel J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Frinchaboy, Peter M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129 (United States); Garcia Perez, Ana Elia; Hearty, Fred R.; Majewski, Steven R.; Nidever, David L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Hogg, David W. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Holtzman, Jon, E-mail: bovy@ias.edu [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); and others

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

LDRD final report : leveraging multi-way linkages on heterogeneous data.  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the accomplishments of the 'Leveraging Multi-way Linkages on Heterogeneous Data' which ran from FY08 through FY10. The goal was to investigate scalable and robust methods for multi-way data analysis. We developed a new optimization-based method called CPOPT for fitting a particular type of tensor factorization to data; CPOPT was compared against existing methods and found to be more accurate than any faster method and faster than any equally accurate method. We extended this method to computing tensor factorizations for problems with incomplete data; our results show that you can recover scientifically meaningfully factorizations with large amounts of missing data (50% or more). The project has involved 5 members of the technical staff, 2 postdocs, and 1 summer intern. It has resulted in a total of 13 publications, 2 software releases, and over 30 presentations. Several follow-on projects have already begun, with more potential projects in development.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street? Chromatin Regulation and Low Dose Irradiation: A Two-Way Street? Irene Chiolo Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Abstract Goal: We are trying to understand the impact of exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation on epigenetic mechanisms, chromatin organization and functional responses, and how these processes affect the response to low-dose radiation. Background/Significance: Genomic instability (GI) is one of the hallmarks of cancer that contributes to genetic diversity and has been associated with exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) (1,2). Radiobiology dogma has focused on DNA as the likely target for GI effects of radiation, but until fairly recently, without incorporating roles for chromatin. Eukaryotic genomes contain two major chromatin domains: heterochromatin and

323

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heating Costs Water Heating Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs February 20, 2013 - 5:09pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs Every month we ask the larger energy community to share their energy-saving tips, and we feature some of our favorite tips in a Storify. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we wanted to know how you save energy and money on water heating. Storified by Energy Department · Wed, Feb 20 2013 14:12:00 Hot water is essential to most of our lives: We use it to shower, run the dishwasher and wash clothes. Quite frequently, we use more hot water than we think -- the average rate hot water flows out of the kitchen faucet is 2 gallons per minute, and an eight-minute shower

324

Wetland and Conservation Banking in Transmission Corridor Rights-of-Way: Feasibility Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric power transmission corridor rights-of-way (ROWs) offer potential locations for wetland mitigation banks and conservation banks. Barriers to use of these ROWs for banking include whether the ROW operator has legal rights of access to lands for these uses and for long term management for conservation; the need to assure successful and reliable operation and maintenance of the ROW transmission facilities; the costs of establishing, permitting and managing wetland and conservation banks; and ecologi...

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Management of Riparian Areas on Electric Transmission Line Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs) commonly cross streams, rivers, ponds, and lakes. Plant communities along the edges of these water resources are important because of their role in soil conservation and habitat diversity as well as the influence they have on fauna and aquatic ecosystems. The area of vegetation affected by the water-based habitatand that in turn affects the wateris the riparian area. This report provides guidance on the definition and management considerations for riparian ...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

326

Storm Water Best Management Practices Manual for Transmission Line Rights-of-Way Construction and Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a general construction storm water permit that would require implementation of best management practices (BMPs) to meet a specific nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU) and total suspended solids (TSS) limit as well as additional erosion and sediment control requirements from construction sites. These new requirements will provide unique challenges for those designing, constructing, and maintaining transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs). This techn...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Cost Comparison of Rights-of-Way Treatment Methods: Update 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many utilities in a deregulated marketplace, distribution and transmission of electricity has become their core business. This shift has dramatically increased interest in the siting and right-of-way (ROW) management of electric transmission lines. This report evaluates the cost-effectiveness of seven vegetation management methods -- hand cutting, mowing, cut and stump, dormant basal, summer basal, selective ground foliar, and aerial -- on 18 transmission powerline corridors across New York State.

2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

328

Vegetation Management in Electric Transmission Rights-of-Way and Potential Impacts on Groundwater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical contamination of ground water is a growing utility concern. Pesticides and other potentially hazardous chemicals are used ubiquitously in everyday life. Pesticide use is widespread in urban, industrial, and agricultural settings, and in the case of utility rights-of-way (ROWs), is applied in a linear fashion across the landscape, often over long distances and intermingled with other uses. Thus, reliable assessment of risks arising from pesticide contamination of ground water and design of effici...

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Current Problems of Magnetic Storm Prediction and Possible Ways of Their Solving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main problems of magnetic storm prediction and causes of low efficiency of medium-term prognosis are discussed. It is supposed, that possible way of their solving is searching for poor-investigated features of solar wind (for instance, solar wind density behavior before storms). The necessity of investigation not only severe storms and coronal mass ejections (CMEs), but origin of moderate and weak storms is shown. Examples of successful investigations in this direction are given.

Khabarova, Olga

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Guide to Engineering the Multiple Use of the Right of Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission line owners are under increasing pressure to allow other systems, structures, and activities to share the right of way. Other systems include distribution lines, railroads, pipelines, fiber optic repeaters, cell phone repeaters, and communication systems. Structures include permanent and temporary buildings and fixtures, parking lots, tennis courts, baseball diamonds, and driving ranges. Activities include recreational, commercial, and farming operations. The effect of the transmission lines...

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Wisdom Way Solar Village: Design, Construction, and Analysis of a Low Energy Community  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work conducted at the Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of 10 high performance duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA, constructed by Rural Development, Inc. (RDI). Building America's CARB team monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010, and tracked utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes.

Aldrich, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electric Transmission Right-of-Way Invasive Non-Native Woody Plant Species Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Invasive non-native woody plant species are a significant issue in the United States. Invasive woody plants are a particular concern for electric transmission right-of-way (ROW) managers. While invasive non-native woody plants have beneficial usesincluding erosion control, wildlife food and cover, and use as ornamentalsthey also have a notably negative impact on electric transmission ROWs. Negative impacts include reducing line clearance, reliability, and accessibility, and increasing vegetation manageme...

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

333

New Applications of Transformerless Voltage Sourced Converters (VSC): Phase Displacement for Upgrading Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New overhead transmission lines, steady expansion of electric power systems, and reallocation of generation all make it increasingly important to maximize the use of existing rights-of-way (ROWs) in order to increase power transfer capability. It is extremely difficult and costly, however, to remove critical circuits from service long enough to reconductor or replace old circuits with new higher capacity circuits using the same ROW. This report describes new means to allow either type of upgrade ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

334

Homochiral 3D Metal-Organic Frameworks from Chiral 1D Rods: 6 Way Helical Packing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chiral 3D MOFs resulted from the packing of chiral 1D SBBs were studied. It was demonstrated that the final packing pattern is dependent on the dimension of SBB's. In addition, we were able to identify a new plywood-like network from ligand 2H2 exhibiting an unprecedented six-way chiral helical packing motif, which can be added on the list of invariant rod packings.

Shin, Sung M.; Moon, Dohyun; Jeong, Kyung S.; Kim, Jaheon; Thallapally, Praveen K.; Jeong, Nakcheol

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

File:03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf 3FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:03FDCRightOfWayROWAccess (2).pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:23, 2 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 15:23, 2 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (114 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs) 13:25, 15 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 13:25, 15 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (115 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs) 10:41, 18 July 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:41, 18 July 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (86 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs)

336

File:03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:14, 2 April 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:14, 2 April 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (51 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs) 12:07, 1 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 12:07, 1 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (35 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup

337

File:03AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03AKBRightOfWaysROWs.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:00, 3 July 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 12:00, 3 July 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (38 KB) Alevine (Talk | contribs) 09:55, 18 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 09:55, 18 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (53 KB) Jnorris (Talk | contribs) 10:36, 6 August 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:36, 6 August 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (34 KB) Jnorris (Talk | contribs)

338

Cats and Dogs, Hair and A Hero: A Quintet of New Milky Way Companions  

SciTech Connect

We present five new satellites of the Milky Way discovered in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging data, four of which were followed-up with either the Subaru or the Isaac Newton Telescopes. They include four probable new dwarf galaxies--one each in the constellations of Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici, Leo and Hercules--together with one unusually extended globular cluster, Segue 1. We provide distances, absolute magnitudes, half-light radii and color-magnitude diagrams for all five satellites. The morphological features of the color-magnitude diagrams are generally well described by the ridge line of the old, metal-poor globular cluster M92. In the last two years, a total of ten new Milky Way satellites with effective surface brightness {mu}{sub v} {approx}> 28 mag arcsec{sup -2} have been discovered in SDSS data. They are less luminous, more irregular and appear to be more metal-poor than the previously-known nine Milky Way dwarf spheroidals. The relationship between these objects and other populations is discussed. We note that there is a paucity of objects with half-light radii between {approx} 40 pc and {approx} 100 pc. We conjecture that this may represent the division between star clusters and dwarf galaxies.

Belokurov, V.; Zucker, Daniel B.; Evans, N.W.; Kleyna, J.T.; Koposov, S.; Hodgkin, S.T.; Irwin, M.J.; Gilmore, G.; Wilkinson, M.I.; Fellhauer, M.; Bramich, D.M.; /Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron. /Inst. Astron., Honolulu /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. Astron. /Los Alamos /Austin Peay State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Rensselaer Poly. /Louisiana

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cats and Dogs, Hair and A Hero: A Quintet of New Milky Way Companions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present five new satellites of the Milky Way discovered in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging data, four of which were followed-up with either the Subaru or the Isaac Newton Telescopes. They include four probable new dwarf galaxies -- one each in the constellations of Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici, Leo and Hercules -- together with one unusually extended globular cluster, Segue 1. We provide distances, absolute magnitudes, half-light radii and color-magnitude diagrams for all five satellites. The morphological features of the color-magnitude diagrams are generally well described by the ridge line of the old, metal-poor globular cluster M92. In the last two years, a total of ten new Milky Way satellites with effective surface brightness mu_v >~ 28 mag/sq. arcsec have been discovered in SDSS data. They are less luminous, more irregular and appear to be more metal-poor than the previously-known nine Milky Way dwarf spheroidals. The relationship between these objects and other populations is discussed. We note that there is a paucity of objects with half-light radii between ~40 pc and ~ 100 pc. We conjecture that this may represent the division between star clusters and dwarf galaxies.

V. Belokurov; D. B. Zucker; N. W. Evans; J. T. Kleyna; S. Koposov; S. T. Hodgkin; M. J. Irwin; G. Gilmore; M. I. Wilkinson; M. Fellhauer; D. M. Bramich; P. C. Hewett; S. Vidrih; J. T. A. De Jong; J. A. Smith; H. -W. Rix; E. F. Bell; R. F. G. Wyse; H. J. Newberg; P. A. Mayeur; B. Yanny; C. M. Rockosi; O. Y. Gnedin; D. P. Schneider; T. C. Beers; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; A. Nitta; S. A. Snedden

2006-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

340

Cats and Dogs, Hair and A Hero: A Quintet of New Milky Way Companions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present five new satellites of the Milky Way discovered in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging data, four of which were followed-up with either the Subaru or the Isaac Newton Telescopes. They include four probable new dwarf galaxies -- one each in the constellations of Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici, Leo and Hercules -- together with one unusually extended globular cluster, Segue 1. We provide distances, absolute magnitudes, half-light radii and color-magnitude diagrams for all five satellites. The morphological features of the color-magnitude diagrams are generally well described by the ridge line of the old, metal-poor globular cluster M92. In the last two years, a total of ten new Milky Way satellites with effective surface brightness mu_v >~ 28 mag/sq. arcsec have been discovered in SDSS data. They are less luminous, more irregular and appear to be more metal-poor than the previously-known nine Milky Way dwarf spheroidals. The relationship between these objects and other populations is discussed. W...

Belokurov, V; Evans, N W; Kleyna, J T; Koposov, S; Hodgkin, S T; Irwin, M J; Gilmore, G; Wilkinson, M I; Fellhauer, M; Bramich, D M; Hewett, P C; Vidrih, S; De Jong, J T A; Smith, J A; Rix, H W; Bell, E F; Wyse, R F G; Newberg, H J; Mayeur, P A; Yanny, B; Rockosi, C M; Gnedin, O Y; Schneider, D P; Beers, T C; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Harvanek, M; Kleinman, S J; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Nitta, A; Snedden, S A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Little Shade Can Go a Long Way | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Little Shade Can Go a Long Way A Little Shade Can Go a Long Way A Little Shade Can Go a Long Way May 10, 2010 - 11:02am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Spring is my favorite time of year. The snow (finally!) stops, the temperature is perfect, and everything is colorful again. We rarely need to turn on the heat or air conditioner to stay comfortable at home, and there's nothing better than a relaxing evening on the deck. But that doesn't last long, and soon the hot days of summer will be upon us. At my house, we're already thinking about how to cut our cooling bills while still keeping our home comfortable. We have a panoramic view of the Rocky Mountains to the west that is gorgeous, no doubt, but the direct sunlight keeps our air conditioner working overtime when it's hot out. Plus, it gets so hot that we aren't

342

36 Ways to Save Energy and Money - Right Now! Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet outlining top ways to save energy and money in Hawaii, in the office, at home, and in the car.

Not Available

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Human Health Risk Assessment of Chemicals Encountered in Vegetation Management on Electric Utility Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the human health risk assessment of chemicals encountered in vegetation management on electric utility rights-of-way (ROWs).

2003-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

344

Big fish, small fish: Two New Ultra-Faint Satellites of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the discovery of two new Milky Way satellites in the neighboring constellations of Pisces and Pegasus identified in data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Pisces II, an ultra-faint dwarf galaxy lies at the distance of ~180 kpc, some 15 degrees away from the recently detected Pisces I. Segue 3, an ultra-faint star cluster lies at the distance of 16 kpc. We use deep follow-up imaging obtained with the 4-m Mayall telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory to derive their structural parameters. Pisces II has a half-light radius of ~60 pc, while Segue 3 is twenty times smaller at only 3pc.

Belokurov, V; Evans, N W; Gilmore, G; Irwin, M J; Just, D; Koposov, S; Mateo, M; Olszewski, E; Watkins, L; Wyrzykowski, L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Two Simple Ways of Generating the Partitions of (n+1) from the Partitions of n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I propose two simple ways of generating the partitions of (n+1) from the partitions of n. A recurrence relation for P(n+1), the number of partitions of (n+1), in terms of P(n) and Q(n), where Q(n) denotes the number of partitions of n having strictly different last two parts is obtained. Also a generating function for Q(n) is given. The other method for generating the partitions of (n+1) from the partitions of n is discussed at the end.

Dhananjay P. Mehendale

2004-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

346

Asia, North America lead way in growth of NGL, LPG trade  

SciTech Connect

Recent analyses of world NGL trade indicate that important changes in LPG supply and demand are under way in Asia and North America. LPG markets in the 1990s reflect a rapidly shifting balance between East-of-Suez and West-of-Suez markets. This shift has increased concern about availability of future LPG supplies for Asia. The paper discusses world developments, East versus West of Suez, end uses and supplies in Asia, Canadian ethane, propane, butane, and natural gasoline, Mexican ethane, LPG, and natural gasoline, US ethane, propane, butanes, and iso-C{sub 4} and C{sub 5}.

Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Haun, R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1998-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

347

Valence bond solid formalism for d-level one-way quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The d-level or qudit one-way quantum computer (d1WQC) is described using the valence bond solid formalism and the generalised Pauli group. This formalism provides a transparent means of deriving measurement patterns for the implementation of quantum gates in the computational model. We introduce a new universal set of qudit gates and use it to give a constructive proof of the universality of d1WQC. We characterise the set of gates that can be performed in one parallel time step in this model.

Sean Clark

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

348

A new way to infer variations of the seismic solar radius  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the mean phase of waves propagating all the way from the far side of the Sun to the front side, as measured by seismic holography, varies with time. The change is highly anticorrelated with solar cycle activity and is consistent with other recent results on the variation of the seismic radius of the Sun. The phase change that we observe corresponds to a few kilometers difference in the seismic solar radius from solar maximum to solar minimum in agreement with inferrences from global helioseismology studies.

Hernandez, I Gonzalez; Hill, F; 10.1088/0004-637X/691/2/L87

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Looking for a way to find utilites per zip code (a list?) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Looking for a way to find utilites per zip code (a list?) Looking for a way to find utilites per zip code (a list?) Home I am trying to map out utilities in the USA by ZIP codes. The EPA sent me to OpenEI (this is a nice validation of our group), or Energy Star. Does anyone know of a data set linking zip codes to utilities? I am trying to map something similar to what DSRIE.gov does with utilities and incentives. Thank you head of time. Submitted by Caniemeyer on 1 July, 2013 - 13:55 1 answer Points: 0 Hello- Yes, there is indeed a dataset that lists utilities by zip-code. It can be found on OpenEI here: http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899. Be sure to view both the investor owned and non-investor owned lists. Since it was sourced from licensed Ventyx data, this is the most recent publicly available data we can provide. Please let me know if you have any questions

350

CHARACTERIZING THE FORMATION HISTORY OF MILKY WAY LIKE STELLAR HALOS WITH MODEL EMULATORS  

SciTech Connect

We use the semi-analytic model ChemTreeN, coupled to cosmological N-body simulations, to explore how different galaxy formation histories can affect observational properties of Milky Way like galaxies' stellar halos and their satellite populations. Gaussian processes are used to generate model emulators that allow one to statistically estimate a desired set of model outputs at any location of a p-dimensional input parameter space. This enables one to explore the full input parameter space orders of magnitude faster than could be done otherwise. Using mock observational data sets generated by ChemTreeN itself, we show that it is possible to successfully recover the input parameter vectors used to generate the mock observables if the merger history of the host halo is known. However, our results indicate that for a given observational data set, the determination of 'best-fit' parameters is highly susceptible to the particular merger history of the host. Very different halo merger histories can reproduce the same observational data set, if the 'best-fit' parameters are allowed to vary from history to history. Thus, attempts to characterize the formation history of the Milky Way using these kind of techniques must be performed statistically, analyzing large samples of high-resolution N-body simulations.

Gomez, Facundo A.; O'Shea, Brian W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Coleman-Smith, Christopher E. [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Tumlinson, Jason [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wolpert, Robert L. [Department of Statistical Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0251 (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Time Transfer functions as a way to validate light propagation solutions for space astrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the extreme accuracy of modern space astrometry, a precise relativistic modeling of observations is required. Concerning light propagation, the standard procedure is the solution of the null-geodesic equations. However, another approach based on the Time Transfer Functions (TTF) has demonstrated its capability to give access to key quantities such as the time of flight of a light signal between two point-events and the tangent vector to its null-geodesic in a weak gravitational field using an integral-based method. The availability of several models, formulated in different and independent ways, must not be considered like an oversized relativistic toolbox. Quite the contrary, they are needed as validation to put future experimental results on solid ground. The objective of this work is then twofold. First, we build the time of flight and tangent vectors in a closed form within the TTF formalism giving the case of a time dependent metric. Second, we show how to use this new approach to obtain a comparison of the TTF with two existing modelings, namely GREM and RAMOD. In this way, we evidentiate the mutual consistency of the three models, opening the basis for further links between all the approaches, which is mandatory for the interpretation of future space missions data. This will be illustrated through two recognized cases: a static gravitational field and a system of monopoles in uniform motion.

Stefano Bertone; Olivier Minazzoli; Mariateresa Crosta; Christophe Le Poncin-Lafitte; Alberto Vecchiato; Marie-Christine Angonin

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

A COLD MILKY WAY STELLAR STREAM IN THE DIRECTION OF TRIANGULUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present evidence for a new Milky Way stellar tidal stream in the direction of the Andromeda and Triangulum (M31 and M33) galaxies. Using a matched-filter technique, we search the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8 by creating stellar density maps which probe the Milky Way halo at distances between 8 and 40 kpc. A visual search of these maps recovers all of the major known stellar streams, as well as a new stream in the direction of M31/M33 that we name the Triangulum stream. The stream spans 0.{sup 0}2 by 12 Degree-Sign on the sky, or 75 pc by 5.5 kpc in physical units with a best-fitting distance of 26 {+-} 4 kpc. The width of the stream is consistent with being the tidal remnant of a globular cluster. A color-magnitude diagram of the stream region shows an overdensity which, if identified as a main-sequence turnoff, corresponds to an old ({approx}12 Gyr) and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx}-1.0 dex) stellar population. Future kinematic studies of this and similar cold streams will provide tight constraints on the shape of the Galactic gravitational potential.

Bonaca, Ana; Geha, Marla; Kallivayalil, Nitya, E-mail: ana.bonaca@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

353

Passive Faraday-mirror attack in a practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Faraday mirror (FM) plays a very important role in maintaining the stability of two-way plug-and-play quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. However, the practical FM is imperfect, which will not only introduce an additional quantum bit error rate (QBER) but also leave a loophole for Eve to spy the secret key. In this paper we propose a passive Faraday mirror attack in two-way QKD system based on the imperfection of FM. Our analysis shows that if the FM is imperfect, the dimension of Hilbert space spanned by the four states sent by Alice is three instead of two. Thus Eve can distinguish these states with a set of Positive Operator Valued Measure (POVM) operators belonging to three-dimension space, which will reduce the QBER induced by her attack. Furthermore, a relationship between the degree of the imperfection of FM and the transmittance of the practical QKD system is obtained. The results show that the probability that Eve loads her attack successfully depends on the degree of the imperfection of FM rapidly, but the QBER induced by Eve's attack changes slightly with the degree of the FM imperfection.

Sun Shihai; Jiang Musheng; Liang Linmei [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Detection of Unauthorized Construction Equipment in Pipeline Right-of-Ways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The leading cause of incidents on transmission pipelines is damage by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline is hit. Currently there is no method for continuously monitoring a pipeline right-of-way. Instead, companies periodically walk or fly over the pipeline to find unauthorized construction activities. Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber buried above the pipeline as a distributed sensor. A custom optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) is used to interrogate the fiber. Key issues in the development of this technology are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. Advantages of the reflectometry technique are the ability to accurately pinpoint the location of the construction activity and the ability to separately monitor simultaneously occurring events. The basic concept of using OTDR with an optical fiber buried above the pipeline to detect encroachment of construction equipment into the right of way works. Sufficiently rapid time response is possible; permitting discrimination between encroachment types. Additional work is required to improve the system into a practical device.

Maurice Givens; James E. Huebler

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

355

INFORMATION ON THE MILKY WAY FROM THE 2MASS ALL SKY STAR COUNT: BIMODAL COLOR DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The J - K{sub s} color distributions (CDs) with a bin size of 0.05 mag has been carried out for the entire Milky Way using the Two Micron All Sky Survey Point Source Catalog (2MASS PSC). The CDs are bimodal, with a red peak at 0.8 < J - K{sub s} < 0.85 and a blue peak at 0.3 < J - K{sub s} < 0.4. The colors of the red peak are more or less the same for the whole sky, but those of the blue peak depend on Galactic latitude (J - K{sub s} {approx} 0.35 at low Galactic latitudes and 0.35 < J - K{sub s} < 0.4 for other sky areas). The blue peak dominates the bimodal CDs at low Galactic latitudes and becomes comparable with the red peak in other sky regions. In order to explain the bimodal distribution and the global trend shown by the all-sky 2MASS CDs, we assemble an empirical Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram, which is composed of observational-based near-infrared H-R diagrams and color-magnitude diagrams, and incorporate a Milky Way model. In the empirical H-R diagram, the main-sequence turn-off for stars in the thin disk is relatively bluer, (J - K{sub s} ){sub 0} = 0.31, compared with that of the thick disk which is (J - K{sub s} ){sub 0} = 0.39. The age of the thin/thick disk is roughly estimated to be around 4-5/8-9 Gyr according to the color-age relation of the main-sequence turn-off. In general, the 2MASS CDs can be treated as a tool to measure the age of the stellar population of the Milky Way in a statistical manner and to our knowledge it is the first attempt to do so.

Chang, Chan-Kao; Lai, Shao-Yu; Peng, Ting-Hung [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan (China); Ko, Chung-Ming, E-mail: rex@astro.ncu.edu.tw, E-mail: cmko@astro.ncu.edu.tw [Institute of Astronomy, Department of Physics and Center of Complex Systems, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan (China)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

356

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Needle and syringe sharing practices of injecting drug users participating in an outreach HIV prevention program in Tehran, Iran: A cross-sectional study

Mohsen Vazirian; Bijan Nassirimanesh; Saman Zamani; Masako Ono; Masahiro Kihara; Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari; Mohammad Mehdi Gouya

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sterile syringe access and disposal among injection drug users newly enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment: a cross-sectional survey

Jennifer Mcneely; Julia H Arnsten; Marc N Gourevitch; Marc N Gourevitch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of citrate introduction at UK syringe exchange programmes: a retrospective cohort study in Cheshire and

Merseyside Uk; Caryl M Beynon; Jim Mcveigh; Martin Ch; Michelle Wareing; Mark A Bellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Washington Needle Depot: fitting healthcare to injection drug users rather than injection drug users to healthcare: moving from a syringe exchange to syringe distribution model

Dan Small; Andrea Glickman; Galen Rigter; Thia Walter; Open Access

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vulnerability to HIV infection among sex worker and non-sex worker female injecting drug users in Dhaka, Bangladesh: evidence from the baseline survey of a cohort study

Tasnim Azim; Ezazul I Chowdhury; Masud Reza; Munir Ahmed; Mohammed T Uddin; Repon Khan; Giasuddin Ahmed; Motiur Rahman; Irona Kh; Sharful I Khan; Steffanie A Strathdee Open Access

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Venkat Vishwanath Steve Crusan and Kevin Harms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these. #12;ALCF-1 I/O Infrastructure 2 40K Nodes 160K Cores 0.55 PFlops 640 I/P Compute Resource Eureka Analysis Cluster Storage System ALCF uses the GPFS filesystem for production I Tukey Analysis Cluster Storage System ALCF-2 I/O Infrastructure 1536 GB/s 1536 GB/s Storage System

Kemner, Ken

362

Microsoft Word - CX Mid Way - Grand View Wood Pole Replacement-KEP.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27, 2010 27, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF/Schultz Proposed Action: Replacing 11 wood pole structures on the Midway - Grandview transmission line and 12 wood pole structures on the Grandview - Red Mountain transmission line. PP&A Project No.: 1522 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): * B1.3 Routine maintenance activities for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures (such as roads), are required to maintain infrastructures in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Routine maintenance may result in replacement to the extent that replacement is in kind and is not a substantial upgrade or improvement. In kind

363

Easy Ways to Save Energy Now … Take Care of those Steam Traps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peter Fuhr Peter Fuhr Wi-Fi Sensors, Inc. Presented by *Easy Ways to Save Energy Now - Take Care of those Steam Traps Together with our industry partners, we strive to: * Accelerate adoption of the many energy-efficient technologies and practices available today * Conduct vigorous technology innovation to radically improve future energy diversity, resource efficiency, and carbon mitigation * Promote a corporate culture of energy efficiency and carbon management What Is the Industrial Technologies Program ? The Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) is the lead federal agency responsible for improving energy efficiency in the largest energy-using sector of the country. Industrial Sector National Initiative Goal: Drive a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017.

364

Better Lithium-Ion Batteries Are On The Way From Berkeley Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Lithium-ion Battery on the Way Simulations Reveal How New Polymer Absorbs Eight Times the Lithium of Current Designs September 23, 2011 Paul Preuss, +1 510 486 6249, paul_preuss@lbl.gov traditional-new.jpg At left, the traditional approach to composite anodes using silicon (blue spheres) for higher energy capacity has a polymer binder such as PVDF (light brown) plus added particles of carbon to conduct electricity (dark brown spheres). Silicon swells and shrinks while acquiring and releasing lithium ions, and repeated swelling and shrinking eventually break contacts among the conducting carbon particles. At right, the new Berkeley Lab polymer (purple) is itself conductive and continues to bind tightly to the silicon particles despite repeated swelling and shrinking.

365

DOE Solar Decathlon: University of Missouri-Rolla: Leading the Way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Missouri-Rolla's 2002 house pictured from the rear with its 2005 house visible in the background. Missouri-Rolla's 2002 house pictured from the rear with its 2005 house visible in the background. Enlarge image The University of Missouri-Rolla's Solar Decathlon 2002 house is located across from its 2005 house in the school's on-campus Solar Village. (Courtesy of Bob Phelan) Who: University of Missouri-Rolla What: Solar house Where: Missouri University of Science and Technology Solar Village Rolla, MO 65401 Map This House Public tours: Call 573-341-6782 for tour information. Solar Decathlon 2002 University of Missouri-Rolla: Leading the Way The University of Missouri-Rolla-now called the Missouri University of Science and Technology-entered its first U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon in 2002. The solar-powered house it designed for this competition

366

HP-CAT to Lead the Way in New Research under NNSA Grante  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4th, 2003 4th, 2003 HP-CAT to Lead the Way in New Research under NNSA Grant The High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HP-CAT) at APS sector 16 will be a primary location for research carried our under a new grant from the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The $5.9-million, 2.75-year NNSA grant to the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C., under the Stewardship Science Academic Alliances program, will fund research into the behavior of materials under extreme pressure conditions at the Carnegie/Department of Energy Alliance Center (CDAC). The NNSA selected CDAC because of the leadership of its team in the development of new techniques and capabilities in high-pressure and high-temperature materials research. As principal investigator for the

367

Symmetry breaking in optimal timing of traffic signals on an idealized two-way street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple physical models based on fluid mechanics have long been used to understand the flow of vehicular traffic on freeways; analytically tractable models of flow on an urban grid, however, have not been as extensively explored. In an ideal world, traffic signals would be timed such that consecutive lights turned green just as vehicles arrived, eliminating the need to stop at each block. Unfortunately, this "green wave" scenario is generally unworkable due to frustration imposed by competing demands of traffic moving in different directions. Until now this has typically been resolved by numerical simulation and optimization. Here, we develop a theory for the flow in an idealized system consisting of a long two-way road with periodic intersections. We show that optimal signal timing can be understood analytically and that there are counter-intuitive asymmetric solutions to this signal coordination problem. We further explore how these theoretical solutions degrade as traffic conditions vary and automotive dens...

Panaggio, Mark J; Hu, Peiguang; Abrams, Daniel M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Selective nucleation induced by defect nanostructures: A way to control cobalt disilicide precipitation during ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we show a way to control cobalt disilicide precipitation during Co ion implantation at high temperatures (650 Degree-Sign C) by affecting radiation defects involved in precipitate nucleation and growth. We demonstrate that the relative shares of different precipitate types nucleated by implantation are strongly affected by defect microstructures deliberately created in investigated samples prior to cobalt implantation. Especially interesting is the effect of a dense ensemble of extremely small (1-3 nm) cavities, which promotes the formation of a relatively uniform layer of coherent cobalt disilicide precipitates with a narrow size distribution. In order to better understand the mechanism of the microstructural influence on the precipitate nucleation modes during Co implantation, we investigate the disilicide precipitation using different implantation setups and compare the results with those for cavity-free Si specimens implanted in similar conditions.

Fortuna, F.; Nguyen, M.-A.; Ruault, M.-O. [CSNSM, batiment 108, 91405 Orsay Campus (France); Kirk, M. A. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Borodin, V. A. [NRC 'Kurchatov Institute,' 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation); Ganchenkova, M. G. [NRNU MEPhI, 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with an custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work performed in the third quarter of the project (2nd quarter of 2002) includes design of the diode laser driver and high-speed detector electronics and programming of the custom optical time domain reflectometer.

James E. Huebler

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

370

Three-Dimensional Studies of the Warm Ionized Medium in the Milky Way using WHAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) is a high throughput Fabry-Perot facility developed specifically to detect and explore the warm, ionized component of the interstellar medium at high spectral resolution. It began operating at Kitt Peak, Arizona in 1997 and has recently completed the WHAM Northern Sky Survey (WHAM-NSS), providing the first global view of the distribution and kinematics of the warm, diffuse H II in the Milky Way. This H-alpha survey reveals a complex spatial and kinematic structure in the warm ionized medium and provides a foundation for studies of the temperature and ionization state of the gas, the spectrum and strength of the ionizing radiation, and its relationship to other components of the interstellar medium and sources of ionization and heating within the Galactic disk and halo. More information about WHAM and the Survey can be found at http://www.astro.wisc.edu/wham/.

R. J. Reynolds; L. M. Haffner; G. J. Madsen

2002-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

371

Three-Dimensional Studies of the Warm Ionized Medium in the Milky Way using WHAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) is a high throughput Fabry-Perot facility developed specifically to detect and explore the warm, ionized component of the interstellar medium at high spectral resolution. It began operating at Kitt Peak, Arizona in 1997 and has recently completed the WHAM Northern Sky Survey (WHAM-NSS), providing the first global view of the distribution and kinematics of the warm, diffuse H II in the Milky Way. This H-alpha survey reveals a complex spatial and kinematic structure in the warm ionized medium and provides a foundation for studies of the temperature and ionization state of the gas, the spectrum and strength of the ionizing radiation, and its relationship to other components of the interstellar medium and sources of ionization and heating within the Galactic disk and halo. More information about WHAM and the Survey can be found at http://www.astro.wisc.edu/wham/.

Reynolds, R J; Madsen, G J

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Two-way coupling of Presto v2.8 and CTH v8.1.  

SciTech Connect

A loose two-way coupling of SNL's Presto v2.8 and CTH v8.1 analysis code has been developed to support the analysis of explosive loading of structures. Presto is a Lagrangian, three-dimensional explicit, transient dynamics code in the SIERRA mechanics suite for the analysis of structures subjected to impact-like loads. CTH is a hydro code for modeling complex multi-dimensional, multi-material problems that are characterized by large deformations and/or strong shocks. A fundamental assumption in this loose coupling is that the compliance of the structure modeled with Presto is significantly smaller than the compliance of the surrounding medium (e.g. air) modeled with CTH. A current limitation of the coupled code is that the interaction between CTH and thin structures modeled in Presto (e.g. shells) is not supported. Research is in progress to relax this thin-structure limitation.

Bruner, Christopher William Stuteville; Bishop, Joseph E.; Crawford, David A.; Edwards, Harold Carter

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Results of a one-way experiment to test the isotropy of the speed of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the outcome of an experiment based on an improved version of Fizeau's coupled-slotted-discs that tests the fundamental postulates of Special Relativity for the one-way speed of light propagation. According to our methodology, important phenomena - a limit on and the diurnal regularity of the variation of the speed of light due to the movements of the Earth (assuming that the speed of light follows a Galilean transformation) - can be tested by the present experiment. However, these measurements do not indicate any significant diurnal variation. Consequently, the limit of the present outcome on the variation of the speed of light is insignificant. Assuming that the speed of light is not invariant and performing a rigorous statistical analysis, the limit established is approximately 1/50 of the previous Fizeau-type experiment with 95% confidence level. These outcomes are consistent with the assumptions of Einstein's Special Relativity.

Md. Farid Ahmed; Brendan M. Quine; Spiros Pagiatakis; A. D. Stauffer

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

CONSTRAINTS ON THE SHAPE OF THE MILKY WAY DARK MATTER HALO FROM THE SAGITTARIUS STREAM  

SciTech Connect

We propose a new model for the dark matter halo of the Milky Way that fits the properties of the stellar stream associated with the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy. Our dark halo is oblate with q{sub z} = 0.9 for r {approx}< 10 kpc, and can be made to follow the Law and Majewski model at larger radii. However, we find that the dynamical perturbations induced by the Large Magellanic Cloud on the orbit of Sgr cannot be neglected when modeling its streams. When taken into account, this leads us to constrain the Galaxy's outer halo shape to have minor-to-major axis ratio >(c/a){sub {Phi}} = 0.8 and intermediate-to-major axis ratio (b/a){sub {Phi}} = 0.9, in good agreement with cosmological expectations.

Vera-Ciro, Carlos [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 2535 Sterling Hall, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI 53076 (United States); Helmi, Amina, E-mail: ciro@astro.wisc.edu [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Milky Way Tomography with SDSS: I. Stellar Number Density Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abridged: We estimate the distances to ~48 million stars detected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and map their 3D number density distribution in 100 1000deg^2 of sky towards the constellation of Virgo, at distances of ~6-20 kpc. Compared to a region symmetric with respect to the l=0 line, the Virgo overdensity is responsible for a factor of 2 number density excess and may be a nearby tidal stream or a low-surface brightness dwarf galaxy merging with the Milky Way. After removal of the resolved overdensities, the remaining data are consistent with a smooth density distribution; we detect no evidence of further unresolved clumpy substructure at scales ranging from ~50pc in the disk, to ~1 - 2 kpc in the halo.

Mario Juric; Zeljko Ivezic; Alyson Brooks; Robert H. Lupton; David Schlegel; Douglas Finkbeiner; Nikhil Padmanabhan; Nicholas Bond; Branimir Sesar; Constance M. Rockosi; Gillian R. Knapp; James E. Gunn; Takahiro Sumi; Donald Schneider; J. C. Barentine; Howard J. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; Masataka Fukugita; Michael Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; Jurek Krzesinski; Dan Long; Eric H. Neilsen, Jr.; Atsuko Nitta; Stephanie A. Snedden; Donald G. York

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

376

Absorption and emission line studies of gas in the Milky Way halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a systematic study of physical properties and distribution of neutral and ionised gas in the halo of the Milky Way (MW). Beside the large neutral intermediate- and high-velocity cloud (IVC, HVC) complexes there exists a population of partly ionised gaseous structures with low-column densities that have a substantial area filling factor. The origin and nature of these structures are still under debate. We analyse the physical parameters of the MW halo gas and the relation to quasar (QSO) metal-absorption line systems at low and high redshifts. For this purpose we combine new HI 21-cm data from the EBHIS and GASS surveys with optical quasar absorption line data to study the filling factor and distribution of these gaseous clouds in the halo at HI densities below 10^19 1/cm^2. This study is important to understand the evolution of the MW in particular and the gas accretion mechanisms of galaxies in general.

Bekhti, N Ben; Winkel, B; Kerp, J; Kalberla, P; Klein, U; Murphy, M T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Study of ways of reducing coke use at non-integrated metallurgical plants  

SciTech Connect

To reduce the costs of blast-furnace smelting, the Svobodnyi Sokol plant has devised a comprehensive program of organizational-technical measures that include study of ways of reducing coke consumption. To do this, the plant began operating its blast furnaces with schungite when making foundry and conversion pig irons. Using schungite in the charge employed to make foundry iron makes it possible to save a significant (10-15%) amount of coke. The value of the coefficient that characterizes the replacement of coke by schungite varies broadly and can reach 1.0 or more, depending on the grade of iron being made and the furnace operating regime. The same coefficient has a value of 0.57 kg coke/kg schungite when 12-15 kg schungite/ton pig is used to make conversion pig iron.

S.A. Feshchenko; V.I. Pleshkov; I.N. Shishchuk; A.V. Buev [Svobodnyi Sokol (Russian Federation). Lipetsk Metallurgical Plant

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Probing the shape and history of the Milky Way halo with orbital spectral analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase space coordinates of individual halo stars obtained by Galactic surveys enable the computation of their full 3-dimensional orbits. Spectral analysis of halo orbits can be used to construct "frequency maps" which provide a compact representation of the 6-dimensional phase space distribution function. Frequency maps identify important major orbit families, and the orbital abundances reflect the shape and orientation of the dark matter halo relative to the disk. We apply spectral analysis to halo orbits in a series of controlled simulations of disk galaxies. Although the shape of the simulated halo varies with radius, frequency maps of local samples of halo orbits confined to the inner halo contain most of the information about the global shape of the halo and its major orbit families. Quiescent or adiabatic disk formation results in significant trapping of halo orbits in resonant orbit families (i.e. orbits with commensurable frequencies). If a good estimate of the Galactic potential in the inner halo (within ~50kpc) is available, the appearance of strong, stable resonances in frequency maps of halo orbits will allow us to determine the degree of resonant trapping induced by the disk potential. The locations and strengths of these resonant families are determined both by the global shape of the halo and its distribution function. Identification of such resonances in the Milky Way's stellar halo would therefore provide evidence of an extended period of adiabatic disk growth. If the Galactic potential is not known exactly, a measure of the diffusion rate of large sample of 10^4 halo orbits can help distinguish between the true potential and an incorrect potential. The orbital spectral analysis methods described in this paper provide a strong complementarity to existing methods for constraining the potential of the Milky Way halo and its stellar distribution function (ABRIDGED).

Monica Valluri; Victor P. Debattista; Thomas R. Quinn; Rok Roskar; James Wadsley

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

379

Are the Magellanic Clouds on their First Passage about the Milky Way?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent proper motion measurements of the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC, respectively) by Kallivayalil et al (2006a,b) suggest that the 3D velocities of the Clouds are substantially higher (~100 km/s) than previously estimated and now approach the escape velocity of the Milky Way (MW). Previous studies have also assumed that the Milky Way can be adequately modeled as an isothermal sphere to large distances. Here we re-examine the orbital history of the Clouds using the new velocities and a LCDM-motivated MW model with virial mass Mvir = 1e12 Msun (e.g. Klypin et al 2002). We conclude that the Clouds are either currently on their first passage about the MW or, if the MW can be accurately modeled by an isothermal sphere to distances >200 kpc (i.e., Mvir > 2e12 Msun), that their orbital period and apogalacticon distance must be a factor of two larger than previously estimated, increasing to 3 Gyr and 200 kpc, respectively. A first passage scenario is consistent with the fact that the LMC and SMC appear to be outliers when compared to other satellite galaxies of the MW: they are irregular in appearance and are moving faster. We discuss the implications of this orbital analysis for our understanding of the star formation history, the nature of the warp in the MW disk and the origin of the Magellanic Stream (MS), a band of HI gas trailing the LMC and SMC that extends roughly 100 degrees across the sky. Specifically, as a consequence of the new orbital history of the Clouds, the origin of the MS may not be explainable by current tidal and ram pressure stripping models.

Gurtina Besla; Nitya Kallivayalil; Lars Hernquist; Brant Robertson; T. J. Cox; Roeland P. van der Marel; Charles Alcock

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

380

ASSESSING THE MILKY WAY SATELLITES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SAGITTARIUS DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical models of the tidal disruption of the Sagittarius (Sgr) dwarf galaxy have recently been developed that for the first time simultaneously satisfy most observational constraints on the angular position, distance, and radial velocity trends of both leading and trailing tidal streams emanating from the dwarf. We use these dynamical models in combination with extant three-dimensional position and velocity data for Galactic globular clusters and dSph galaxies to identify those Milky Way satellites that are likely to have originally formed in the gravitational potential well of the Sgr dwarf, and have been stripped from Sgr during its extended interaction with the Milky Way. We conclude that the globular clusters Arp 2, M 54, NGC 5634, Terzan 8, and Whiting 1 are almost certainly associated with the Sgr dwarf, and that Berkeley 29, NGC 5053, Pal 12, and Terzan 7 are likely to be as well (albeit at lower confidence). The initial Sgr system therefore may have contained five to nine globular clusters, corresponding to a specific frequency S{sub N} = 5-9 for an initial Sgr luminosity M{sub V} = -15.0. Our result is consistent with the 8 {+-} 2 genuine Sgr globular clusters expected on the basis of statistical modeling of the Galactic globular cluster distribution and the corresponding false-association rate due to chance alignments with the Sgr streams. The globular clusters identified as most likely to be associated with Sgr are consistent with previous reconstructions of the Sgr age-metallicity relation, and show no evidence for a second-parameter effect shaping their horizontal branch morphologies. We find no statistically significant evidence to suggest that any of the recently discovered population of ultrafaint dwarf galaxies are associated with the Sgr tidal streams, but are unable to rule out this possibility conclusively for all systems.

Law, David R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Majewski, Steven R., E-mail: drlaw@astro.ucla.ed, E-mail: srm4n@virginia.ed [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

An equation of state for dark matter in the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark matter, believed to be present in many galaxies, is interpreted as a hydrodynamical system in interaction with the gravitational field and with nothing else. The gravitational field of our Galaxy can be inferred from observation of orbital velocities of the visible stars, in a first approximation in which the field is taken to be due to the distribution of dark matter only. An equation of state is determined by the gravitational field via the equations of motion. To arrive at an estimate of the distribution of dark matter in our galaxy, and simultaneously learn something about the gravitational field in the inner regions, the following strategy was adopted: 1. The observed rotation curves suggest an expression for the newtonian potential, valid in the outer region. 2. The assumption of a quasi stationary, spherically symmetric distribution of dark matter then leads to a unique equation of state. 3. This equation of state is assumed to be valid all the way to the center (though of course the newtonian approximation is not). 4. Using this equation of state, together with Einstein's equations and the relativistic hydrostatic condition, we calculate the metric and the matter density throughout the galaxy. The solutions are regular all the way to the center; there is no indication of a structure of the type of a Black Hole. The equation of state that is thus determined experimentally is of the type used by Chandrasekhar and others for the degenerate Fermi gas. In the approximation of weak fields the associated "sinh-Emden" equation has a global, nonsingular solution.

Christian Fronsdal; Thomas J. Wilcox

2012-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, Report to Congress  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813 Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813 Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study Report to Congress May 2007 U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of the Interior REPORT TO CONGRESS ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005, SECTION 1813 INDIAN LAND RIGHTS-OF-WAY STUDY U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of the Interior May 2007 Report to Congress: EPAct 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study i Contents Notation........................................................................................................................................... v Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................... vii 1. Introduction .............................................................................................................................

383

MILKY WAY STAR-FORMING COMPLEXES AND THE TURBULENT MOTION OF THE GALAXY'S MOLECULAR GAS  

SciTech Connect

We analyze Spitzer GLIMPSE, Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX), and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) images of the Milky Way to identify 8 {mu}m and free-free sources in the Galaxy. Seventy-two of the 88 WMAP sources have coverage in the GLIMPSE and MSX surveys suitable for identifying massive star-forming complexes (SFCs). We measure the ionizing luminosity functions of the SFCs and study their role in the turbulent motion of the Galaxy's molecular gas. We find a total Galactic free-free flux f{sub {nu}} = 46,177.6 Jy; the 72 WMAP sources with full 8 {mu}m coverage account for 34,263.5 Jy ({approx}75%), with both measurements made at {nu} = 94 GHz (W band). We find a total of 280 SFCs, of which 168 have unique kinematic distances and free-free luminosities. We use a simple model for the radial distribution of star formation to estimate the free-free and ionizing luminosity for the sources lacking distance determinations. The total dust-corrected ionizing luminosity is Q = (2.9 {+-} 0.5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} photons s{sup -1}, which implies a Galactic star formation rate of M-dot{sub *}= 1.2{+-}0.2 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. We present the (ionizing) luminosity function of the SFCs and show that 24 sources emit half the ionizing luminosity of the Galaxy. The SFCs appear as bubbles in GLIMPSE or MSX images; the radial velocities associated with the bubble walls allow us to infer the expansion velocity of the bubbles. We calculate the kinetic luminosity of the bubble expansion and compare it to the turbulent luminosity of the inner molecular disk. SFCs emitting 80% of the total Galactic free-free luminosity produce a kinetic luminosity equal to 65% of the turbulent luminosity in the inner molecular disk. This suggests that the expansion of the bubbles is a major driver of the turbulent motion of the inner Milky Way molecular gas.

Lee, Eve J.; Rahman, Mubdi [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H4 (Canada); Murray, Norman, E-mail: elee@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: rahman@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: elee@cita.utoronto.ca, E-mail: murray@cita.utoronto.ca [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

The AEF way of war: the American army and combat in the First World War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many scholars of the First World War have examined the European armies in new ways that have shown not only how those armies actually fought along the Western Front, but how they changed their ideas and methods over time, and why they fought the way they did. This dissertation does the same for the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). It examines how four AEF divisions (the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) planned and conducted their battles, what they learned about modern combat in those battles, and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. Although this dissertation describes AEF training and operations, its focus is on ideas and methods, and the changes in both during the war. It shows that when the United States joined the war in 1917, the U.S. Army was doctrinally unprepared for the industrial combat of the Western Front. It demonstrates that General John J. Pershing and other AEF leaders accepted this inadequate prewar doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF. Many early American attacks suffered from these unrealistic ideas, which retained too much faith in the infantry rifleman on a battlefield dominated by artillery, machine guns, and barbed wire. However, this dissertation also shows that AEF divisions adjusted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods, as they fought. Experienced divisions prepared more comprehensive attack plans, employed more flexible infantry formations, and maximized firepower to seize limited objectives. Although some of these adaptations were accepted by senior officers at AEF General Headquarters (GHQ), the American First Army, and the various corps, the lessons seem to have been learned first, and best, by officers and men within the combat divisions. Often the extent of these changes reduced the operational relevance of senior officers at GHQ, including Pershing, many of whom failed to make the same doctrinal adjustments. In short, this study exposes the battle of ideas waged within the AEF, between those who adhered to the traditional, human-centered ideas of the prewar army and those who increasingly appreciated the modern, industrial ideas then prevalent in the European armies.

Grotelueschen, Mark Ethan

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Implementation of a Two-Way Interactive Atmospheric and Ecological Model and Its Application to the Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) and ecosystem (CENTURY) modeling system has been developed to study regional-scale two-way interactions between the atmosphere and biosphere. Both atmospheric forcings and ecological ...

Lixin Lu; Roger A. Pielke Sr.; Glen E. Liston; William J. Parton; Dennis Ojima; Melannie Hartman

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Examining Interior Grid Nudging Techniques Using Two-Way Nesting in the WRF Model for Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates interior nudging techniques using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model for regional climate modeling over the conterminous United States (CONUS) using a two-way nested configuration. NCEPDepartment of Energy ...

Jared H. Bowden; Tanya L. Otte; Christopher G. Nolte; Martin J. Otte

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Two-Way Particle-Tracking Model for Specifying Sources of Drifting Objects: Application to the East China Sea Shelf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two-way Lagrangian particle-tracking model (PTM) is proposed for specifying sources of objects drifting with random-walk processes on the sea surface. First, to determine object source candidates, modeled particles are released from the point ...

Atsuhiko Isobe; Shinichiro Kako; Pil-Hun Chang; Takeshi Matsuno

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Cars Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 BMW X1 sDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 FORD C-MAX Hybrid 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DFMXV02.0VZL large car 7 45 40 43 10 yes 2013 FORD Taurus 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DFMXV02.0VE6 large car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.01FE large car 6 22 34 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2.4 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.41GE large car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata

389

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MidsizeCars MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI A6 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB midsize car 6 25 33 28 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 5 3 6 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXV03.0AH5 midsize car 6 23 30 26 7 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 California LEV-II LEV DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Regal

390

A 500 pc filamentary gas wisp in the disk of the Milky Way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Star formation occurs in molecular gas. In previous studies, the structure of the molecular gas has been studied in terms of molecular clouds, but has been overlooked beyond the cloud scale. We present an observational study of the molecular gas at 49.5 degree = 500 pc) filamentary gas wisp. This has a large physical extent and a velocity dispersion of ~5 km/s. The eastern part of the filamentary gas wisp is located ~130 pc above the Galactic disk (which corresponds to 1.5-4 e-folding scale-heights), and the total mass of the gas wisp is >= 1 X 10^5 M_sun. It is composed of two molecular clouds and an expanding bubble. The velocity structure of the gas wisp can be explained as a smooth quiescent component disturbed by the expansion of a bubble. That the length of the gas wisp exceeds by much the thickness of the molecular disk of the Milky Way is consistent with the cloud-formation scenario in which the gas is cold prior to the formation of molecular clouds. Star formation in the filamentary gas wisp occurs a...

Li, Guang-Xing; Menten, Karl; Belloche, Arnaud

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Discovery of a New Low-Latitude Milky Way Globular Cluster using GLIMPSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spitzer Space Telescope imaging as part of the Galactic Legacy Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire (GLIMPSE) reveals a previously unidentified low-latitude rich star cluster near l=31.3 degrees, b=-0.1 degrees. Near-infrared JHK' photometry from the Wyoming Infrared Observatory indicates an extinction of A_V ~ 15+/-3 mag for cluster members. Analysis of 13CO features along the same sightline suggests a probable kinematic distance of 3.1 -- 5.2 kpc. The new cluster has an angular diameter of ~1-2 pc, a total magnitude m_{K_0}=2.1 corrected for extinction, and a luminosity of M_K ~ -10.3 at 3.1 kpc. In contrast to young massive Galactic clusters with ages designate this object ``GLIMPSE-C01'' and classify it as a Milky Way globular cluster passing through the Galactic disk. We also identify a region of star formation and fan-shaped outflows from young stellar objects in the same field as the cluster. The cluster's passage through the Galactic molecular layer may have triggered this star formation activity.

Chip Kobulnicky; A. J. Monson; B. A Buckalew; J. M. Darnel; B. Uzpen; B. A. Whitney; R. Indebetouw; B. L. Babler; M. R. Meade; C. Watson; E. Churchwell; M. J. Wolff; M. G. Wolfire; D. P. Clemens; R. Shah; T. M. Bania; R. A. Benjamin; M. Cohen; K. E. Devine; J. M. Dickey; F. Heitsch; J. M. Jackson; A. P. Marston; J. S. Mathis; E. P. Mercer; J. R. Stauffer; S. R. Stolovy; J. P. Norris; A. Kutyrev; R. Canterna; M. J. Pierce

2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

392

A new Milky Way halo star cluster in the Southern Galactic Sky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of a new Milky Way companion stellar system located at (RA, Dec) = (22h10m43s, +14:56:30). The discovery was made using the eighth data release of SDSS after applying an automated method to search for overdensities in the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey footprint. Follow-up observations were performed using CFHT-MegaCam, which reveal that this system is comprised of an old stellar population, located at a distance of 31.9+1.0-1.6 kpc, with a half-light radius of r_h = 9.27 +/- 0.88 pc and a concentration parameter of c = 0.82. A systematic isochrone fit to its color-magnitude diagram resulted in log(age) = 10.07+0.05-0.03 and [Fe/H] = -1.58+0.08-0.13 . These quantities are typical of globular clusters in the MW halo. The newly found object is of low stellar mass, whose observed excess relative to the background is caused by 96 +/- 3 stars. The direct integration of its background decontaminated luminosity function leads to an absolute magnitude of MV = -1.21 +/- 0.66. The re...

Balbinot, Eduardo; da Costa, L; Maia, M A G; Majewski, S R; Nidever, D; Rocha-Pinto, H J; Thomas, D; Wechsler, R H; Yanny, B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with a custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work performed in the third quarter of the project (2nd quarter of 2002) includes design and construction of the diode laser driver and high-speed detector electronics. Fine-tuning of the electronics is proceeding. A new test site along an operating pipeline has been obtained.

James E. Huebler

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with a custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work performed in the 1st quarter of 2003 included fine-tuning and debugging of the custom Optical Time Domain Reflectometer being constructed for data collection and analysis. The detector was redesigned reducing the noise floor by over a factor of ten. While GTI's OTDR was being improved, a new, commercial OTDR was used to verify that the technique is capable of measuring one pound continuous force applied to the Hergalite. Optical fibers were installed at the ANR Pipeline test site along an operating pipeline.

James E. Huebler

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

395

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with a custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work continues on improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the technique. We are now able to detect weights sitting on the Hergalite fiber of as low as 0.2 pound. Detection of load fluctuations with frequencies greater than 1 Hertz is also possible. We have also purchased a brighter diode laser for use with the multimode fibers that should improve our sensitivity by a factor of ten.

James E. Huebler

2004-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

396

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with a custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work performed in the 4th quarter of 2002 included fine-tuning and debugging of the custom Optical Time Domain Reflectometer being constructed for data collection and analysis. It also included installation of optical fibers at the test site along an operating pipeline.

James E. Huebler

2003-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

397

DETECTION OF UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAYS  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas transmission companies mark the right-of-way areas where pipelines are buried with warning signs to prevent accidental third-party damage. Nevertheless, pipelines are sometimes damaged by third-party construction equipment. A single incident can be devastating, causing death and millions of dollars of property loss. This damage would be prevented if potentially hazardous construction equipment could be detected, identified, and an alert given before the pipeline was damaged. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is developing a system to solve this problem by using an optical fiber as a distributed sensor and interrogating the fiber with a custom optical time domain reflectometer. Key issues are the ability to detect encroachment and the ability to discriminate among potentially hazardous and benign encroachments. The work continues on improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the custom OTDR. An avalanche photo-detector, was purchased. It was able to detect weights on the Hergalite fiber as low as one pound. We are also investigating a brighter laser for use with the multimode fibers.

James E. Huebler

2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Mass Distribution and Assembly of the Milky Way from the Properties of the Magellanic Clouds  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a {Lambda}CDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2{sup +0.7} - {sub 0.4}(stat.){sup +0.3} - {sub 0.3}(sys.) x 10{sup 12} M {circle_dot} (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10{sup 12} M {circle_dot} halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10 Gyr, we find a {approx}72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the last Gyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together.

Busha, Michael T.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Zurich U.; Marshall, Philip J.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Oxford U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Klypin, Anatoly; /New Mexico State U.; Primack, Joel; /UC, Santa Cruz, Phys. Dept.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

399

THE MASS DISTRIBUTION AND ASSEMBLY OF THE MILKY WAY FROM THE PROPERTIES OF THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a {Lambda}CDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2{sup +0.7}{sub -0.4} (stat.){sup +0.3}{sub -0.3} (sys.) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10 Gyr, we find a {approx}72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the last Gyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together.

Busha, Michael T.; Marshall, Philip J.; Wechsler, Risa H. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Klypin, Anatoly [Astronomy Department, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Primack, Joel, E-mail: mbusha@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: pjm@slac.stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu, E-mail: aklypin@nmsu.edu, E-mail: joel@ucsc.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

400

Independent one-way acting hydraulic jar sections for a rotary drill string  

SciTech Connect

First and second separate one-way acting hydraulic jar sections each include inner and outer telescopically arranged tubular members with means for connecting one end of each the inner and outer tubular members of each jar section in the drill string. Spaced seal means between the inner and outer tubular members form a chamber in each jar section for confining hydraulic operating fluid. Hydraulic jar means are formed by cooperating means on the inner and outer tubular members within each operating fluid chamber. The cooperating means is spaced axially and disengaged in each fluid chamber when the drill string is in tension and compression during rotary drilling operation to inhibit damage and wear thereto. The hydraulic jar means in the first jar section is constructed to deliver an up jar and the jar means in the separate second jar section is constructed to deliver a down jar to the drill string. Drive means in a sealed chamber in each jar section connect the inner and outer tubular members of each jar section to allow relative longitudinal movement while preventing relative rotation therebetween. Means to equalize pressure adjacent one end of each of the chambers with the pressure in the well bore is provided in each jar section, which accommodates relative longitudinal movement of the inner and outer tubular members of each jar section for selectively creating an up or down jarring force independently of the well bore pressure.

Anderson, E.A.; Webb, D.D.

1980-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Thermally-induced microstructural changes in a three-way automotive catalyst  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of advanced electron microscopy techniques to characterize both the bulk and near-atomic level microstructural evolution of catalyst materials during different dynamometer/vehicle aging cycles is an integral part of understanding catalyst deactivation. The study described here was undertaken to evaluate thermally-induced microstructural changes which caused the progressive loss of catalyst performance in a three-way automotive catalyst. Several different catalyst processing variables, for example changing the washcoat ceria content, were also evaluated as a function of aging cycle and thermal history. A number of thermally-induced microstructural changes were identified using high resolution electron microscopy techniques that contributed to the deactivation of the catalyst, including sintering of all washcoat constituents, {gamma}-alumina transforming to {alpha}-, {beta}-, and {delta}-alumina, precious metal redistribution, and constituent encapsulation. The data accumulated in this study have been used to correlate microstructural evolution with thermal history and catalyst performance during various aging cycles and to subsequently evaluate different washcoat formulations for increased thermal stability.

More, K.L.; Kenik, E.A.; Coffey, D.W.; Geer, T.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Theis, J.; LaBarge, W.; Beckmeyer, R. [Delphi Automotive Systems, Flint, MI (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

EVIDENCE FOR A TRIAXIAL MILKY WAY DARK MATTER HALO FROM THE SAGITTARIUS STELLAR TIDAL STREAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of the lengthy tidal streams produced by the destruction of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal (Sgr dSph) are capable of providing strong constraints on the shape of the Galactic gravitational potential. However, previous work, based on modeling different stream properties in axisymmetric Galactic models, has yielded conflicting results: while the angular precession of the Sgr leading arm is most consistent with a spherical or slightly oblate halo, the radial velocities of stars in this arm are reproduced only by prolate halo models. We demonstrate that this apparent paradox can be resolved by instead adopting a triaxial potential. Our new Galactic halo model, which simultaneously fits all well-established phase space constraints from the Sgr stream, provides the first conclusive evidence for, and tentative measurement of, triaxiality in an individual dark matter halo. The Milky Way halo within {approx}60 kpc is best characterized by a minor/major axis ratio of the isovelocity contours c/a {approx} 0.67, intermediate/major axis ratio b/a {approx} 0.83, and triaxiality parameter T {approx} 0.56. In this model, the minor axis of the dark halo is coincident with the Galactic X-axis connecting the Sun and the Galactic center to within {approx}15 deg., while the major axis also lies in the Galactic plane, approximately along the Galactic Y-axis.

Law, David R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Majewski, Steven R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-0818 (United States); Johnston, Kathryn V., E-mail: drlaw@astro.ucla.ed, E-mail: srm4n@virginia.ed, E-mail: kvj@astro.columbia.ed [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2009-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

403

The age of the Milky Way halo stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determined the age of the stellar content of the Galactic halo by considering main-sequence turn-off stars. From the large number of halo stars provided by Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we could accurately detect the turn-off as a function of metallicity, which was done by looking at the hottest (bluest) stars of a population. Using isochrones with turn-off temperatures and metallicites of the stars we found that our stellar sample consisted of one dominating stellar population, with no age gradient as a function of metallicity. This would mean that the dominating population of the Galactic halo formed rapidly, probably during the collapse of the proto-Galactic gas. Moreover, we could find a significant number of stars with hotter temperatures than the turn-off, which might be explained as young stars formed in external galaxies and accreted later on to our Milky Way. Motivated by the current debate about the efficiency of gravitational settling (atomic diffusion) in the interior of old solar-type stars, we us...

Jofre, Paula

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

DDGui, a new and fast way to analyse DRAGON and DONJON code results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the largely increased performance of computer, the results from DRAGON and DONJON have increase in size and complexity. The scroll, copy and paste technique to get the result is not appropriate anymore. Many in-house script, software, macro have been developed to make the data gathering easier. However, the limit of these solutions is their specificity and the difficulty to export them from one place to another. A general tool usable and accessible by everyone was needed. The first bricks for a very fast and intuitive way to analyse the DRAGON and DONJON results have been put together in the graphic user interface DDGUI. Based on the extensive ROOT C++ package, the possible features are numerous. For this first version of the software, we have programmed the fundamental tools which may be the more useful on an everyday basis: view the data structures content, draw the geometry and draw the flux or power from a DONJON computation. The tests show how amazingly fast the user can get the information needed for a general overview or more precise analyses. Several other features will be implemented in the near feature. (authors)

Chambon, R.; Marleau, G. [Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, 2500 chemin de la Polytechnique, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Contrasting the chemical evolution of the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chemical evolution history of a galaxy hides clues about how it formed and has been changing through time. We have studied the chemical evolution history of the Milky Way (MW) and Andromeda (M31) to find which are common features in the chemical evolution of disc galaxies as well as which are galaxy-dependent. We use a semi-analytic multi-zone chemical evolution model. Such models have succeeded in explaining the mean trends of the observed chemical properties in these two Local Group spiral galaxies with similar mass and morphology. Our results suggest that while the evolution of the MW and M31 shares general similarities, differences in the formation history are required to explain the observations in detail. In particular, we found that the observed higher metallicity in the M31 halo can be explained by either a) a higher halo star formation efficiency or b) a larger reservoir of infalling halo gas with a longer halo formation phase. These two different pictures would lead to a) a higher [O/Fe] at low metallicities or b) younger stellar populations in the M31 halo, respectively. Both pictures result in a more massive stellar halo in M31, which suggests a possible correlation between the halo metallicity and its stellar mass.

Agostino Renda; Daisuke Kawata; Yeshe Fenner; Brad K. Gibson

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

406

Cost-effective way to enhance the capabilities of the LCLS baseline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the potential for enhancing the LCLS hard X-ray FEL capabilities. In the hard X-ray regime, a high longitudinal coherence will be the key to such performance upgrade. The method considered here to obtain high longitudinal coherence is based on a novel single-bunch self-seeding scheme exploiting a single crystal monochromator, which is extremely compact and can be straightforwardly installed in the LCLS baseline undulator. We present simulation results dealing with the LCLS hard X-ray FEL, and show that this method can produce fully-coherent X-ray pulses at 100 GW power level. With the radiation beam monochromatized down to the Fourier transform limit, a variety of very different techniques leading to further improvements of the LCLS performance become feasible. In particular, we describe an efficient way for obtaining full polarization control at the LCLS hard X-ray FEL. We also propose to exploit crystals in the Bragg reflection geometry as movable deflectors for the LCLS X-ray transport...

Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Oil and the American Way of Life: Don't Ask, Don't Tell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the coming decades, US consumers will face a series of important decisions about oil. To make effective decisions, consumers must confront some disturbing answers to questions they would rather not ask. These questions include: is the US running out of oil, is the world running out of oil, is OPEC increasing its grip on prices, is the US economy reducing its dependence on energy, and will the competitive market address these issues in a timely fashion? Answers to these questions indicate that the market will not address these issues: the US has already run out of inexpensive sources of oil such that rising prices no longer elicit significant increases in supply. The US experience implies that within a couple of decades, the world oil market will change from increasing supply at low prices to decreasing supply at higher prices. As the world approaches this important turning point, OPEC will strengthen its grip on world oil prices. Contrary to popular belief, the US economy continues to be highly dependent on energy, especially inexpensive sources of energy. Together, these trends threaten to undermine the basic way in which the US economy generates a high standard of living.

Kaufmann, Robert (Boston University)

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

P.: Relaxedon the Way Towards True Validation of Compound Documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To maintain interoperability in the Web environment it is necessary to comply with Web standards. Current specifications of HTML and XHTML languages define conformance conditions both in specification prose and in a formalized way utilizing DTD. Unfortunately DTD is a very limited schema language and can not express many constraints that are specified in the free text parts of the specification. This means that a page which validates against DTD is not necessarily conforming to the specification. In this article we analyze features of modern schema languages that can improve validation of Web pages by covering more (X)HTML language constraints then DTD. Our schemas use combination of RELAX NG and Schematron to check not only the structure of the Web pages, but also datatypes of attributes and elements, more complex relations between elements and some WCAG checkpoints. A modular approach for schema composition is presented together with usage examples, including sample schemas for various compound documents (e.g. XHTML combined with MathML and SVG). The second part of this article contains description of Relaxed validator application we have developed. Relaxed is an extensible and powerful validation engine offering a convenient Web interface, a Web-service API, Java API and command-line interface. Combined with our RELAX NG + Schematron schemas, Relaxed offers very valuable validation results that surpass W3C validator in many aspects.

Jirka Kosek; Petr Nlevka

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment: First Detection of High Velocity Milky Way Bar Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commissioning observations with the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, have produced radial velocities (RVs) for ~4700 K/M-giant stars in the Milky Way bulge. These high-resolution (R \\sim 22,500), high-S/N (>100 per resolution element), near-infrared (1.51-1.70 um; NIR) spectra provide accurate RVs (epsilon_v~0.2 km/s) for the sample of stars in 18 Galactic bulge fields spanning -1-32 deg. This represents the largest NIR high-resolution spectroscopic sample of giant stars ever assembled in this region of the Galaxy. A cold (sigma_v~30 km/s), high-velocity peak (V_GSR \\sim +200 km/s) is found to comprise a significant fraction (~10%) of stars in many of these fields. These high RVs have not been detected in previous MW surveys and are not expected for a simple, circularly rotating disk. Preliminary distance estimates rule out an origin from the background Sagittarius tidal stream or a new stream in the MW disk. Comparison to various Galac...

Nidever, David L; Majewski, Steven R; Bird, Jonathan; Robin, Annie C; Martinez-Valpuesta, Inma; Beaton, Rachael L; Schoenrich, Ralph; Schultheis, Mathias; Wilson, John C; Skrutskie, Michael F; O'Connell, Robert W; Shetrone, Matthew; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Johnson, Jennifer A; Weiner, Benjamin; Gerhard, Ortwin; Schneider, Donald P; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Sellgren, Kris; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Brinkmann, Jon; Eisenstein, Daniel J; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Perez, Ana Elia Garcia; Holtzman, Jon; Hearty, Fred R; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Muna, Demitri; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Simmons, Audrey; Snedden, Stephanie; Weaver, Benjamin A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Station Wagons Year Model Displ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Station Wagons Station Wagons Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI A3 2 4 AMS-6 2WD Diesel FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 5 30 42 34 8 yes 2013 AUDI A3 2 4 AMS-6 2WD Diesel CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DVWXV02.0U5N station wagon 6 30 42 34 8 yes 2013 HONDA Fit N/A N/A Auto-1 2WD Electricity FA B1 Federal Tier 2 Bin 1 DHNXV00.05ET station wagon 10 132 105 118 10 yes 2013 HONDA Fit N/A N/A Auto-1 2WD Electricity CA ZEV California ZEV DHNXV00.05ET station wagon 10 132 105 118 10 yes 2013 HONDA Fit 1.5 4 Auto-5 2WD Gasoline FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DHNXV01.5JB2 station wagon 5 28 35 31 8 yes 2013 HONDA Fit 1.5 4 Auto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV01.5JB2 station wagon 6 28 35 31 8 yes 2013 HONDA Fit 1.5 4 Man-5 2WD

411

Survey of Electric and Gas Rights-of-Way Practitioners: Current Practices and Views of Future Transmission Line Siting Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adequacy of the nation's power grid is a topic of great concern, particularly the extent of new construction and upgrades required over the next decade to meet increasing energy demand. This report compiles the survey responses of energy company professionals associated with the task of developing rights-of-way. Respondents provided information on current industry practices, as well as the social and regulatory environment in which they operate to secure rights-of-way for new transmission lines and u...

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

412

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Cars Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DHNXV01.5WF2 small car 7 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 8 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.0CB2 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.4DB3 small car 6 22 31 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB small car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB

413

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

An evaluation of supplemental signing at two-way stop-controlled intersections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drivers entering a two-way stop-controlled (TWSC) intersection with similar approach geometries and volumes may make the incorrect assumption that all approach legs are required to stop at the intersection. To respond to this safety concern, traffic engineers developed supplemental signs to remind drivers on the stop-controlled roadway that vehicles on the major roadway are not required to stop. The signs are generally placed directly underneath the STOP sign with a typical legend "CROSS TRAFFIC DOES NOT STOP." The objective of this thesis was to investigate the effectiveness of these signs in reducing conflicts and accidents at TWSC intersections. Traffic conflict and accident data were obtained for six TWSC intersections in Texas; three locations where supplemental signs had been installed and three locations with only a standard STOP sign. Only cross traffic conflicts/accidents were analyzed. A cross traffic accident/conflict was defined as an incident involving a vehicle on the stopped approach and a vehicle on the through approach. Conflict data were collected with a video camera mounted on 9.1 meter telescoping mast, Accident and conflicts were not significantly different where supplemental signs have been installed. Probability distributions were developed to establish 90 percentile levels for both accidents and conflicts at TWSC intersections with 5,000 to I 0,000 total entering vehicles per day. These values were found to be 18 conflicts per day and a mean accident frequency of five per year. The relationship between conflict and accident frequency was determined to be a positive linear relationship. The recommendations provide guidelines for future evaluations of safety at TWSC intersections.

Schuckel, Clint Edwin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES OF THE HIGHLY IONIZED PLASMAS IN THE MILKY WAY  

SciTech Connect

The cooling transition temperature gas in the interstellar medium (ISM), traced by the high ions, Si IV, C IV, N V, and O VI, helps to constrain the flow of energy from the hot ISM with T>10{sup 6} K to the warm ISM with T < 2 x 10{sup 4} K. We investigate the properties of this gas along the lines of sight to 38 stars in the Milky Way disk using 1.5-2.7 km s{sup -1} resolution spectra of Si IV, C IV, and N V absorption from the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, and 15 km s{sup -1} resolution spectra of O VI absorption from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer. The absorption by Si IV and C IV exhibits broad and narrow components while only broad components are seen in N V and O VI. The narrow components imply gas with T < 7 x 10{sup 4} K and trace two distinct types of gas. The strong, saturated, and narrow Si IV and C IV components trace the gas associated with the vicinities of O-type stars and their supershells. The weaker narrow Si IV and C IV components trace gas in the general ISM that is photoionized by the EUV radiation from cooling hot gas or has radiatively cooled in a non-equilibrium manner from the transition temperature phase, but rarely the warm-ionized medium probed by Al III. The broad Si IV, C IV, N V, and O VI components trace collisionally ionized gas that is very likely undergoing a cooling transition from the hot ISM to the warm ISM. The cooling process possibly provides the regulation mechanism that produces (N(C IV)/N(Si IV)) = 3.9 {+-} 1.9. The cooling process also produces absorption lines where the median and mean values of the line widths increase with the energy required to create the ion.

Lehner, N.; Zech, W. F.; Howk, J. C. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Savage, B. D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

416

Solution behavior of PEO : the ultimate biocompatible polymer.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) is the quintessential biocompatible polymer. Due to its ability to form hydrogen bonds, it is soluble in water, and yet is uncharged and relatively inert. It is being investigated for use in a wide range of biomedical and biotechnical applications, including the prevention of protein adhesion (biofouling), controlled drug delivery, and tissue scaffolds. PEO has also been proposed for use in novel polymer hydrogel nanocomposites with superior mechanical properties. However, the phase behavior of PEO in water is highly anomalous and is not addressed by current theories of polymer solutions. The effective interactions between PEO and water are very concentration dependent, unlike other polymer/solvent systems, due to water-water and water-PEO hydrogen bonds. An understanding of this anomalous behavior requires a careful examination of PEO liquids and solutions on the molecular level. We performed massively parallel molecular dynamics simulations and self-consistent Polymer Reference Interaction Site Model (PRISM) calculations on PEO liquids. We also initiated MD studies on PEO/water solutions with and without an applied electric field. This work is summarized in three parts devoted to: (1) A comparison of MD simulations, theory and experiment on PEO liquids; (2) The implementation of water potentials into the LAMMPS MD code; and (3) A theoretical analysis of the effect of an applied electric field on the phase diagram of polymer solutions.

Curro, John G.; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Ultimate Disposal of Wastes by Pyrolysis and Incineration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fan into the stack to atmosphere. The system incorporates the latest available designs in combustion This paper describes a new disposal facility designed to reduce thermally, without causing pollution, liq authorized the design and construction of a facility to reduce liquid/fluid industrial wastes by pyrolysis

Columbia University

418

Ultimate in building energy analysis: DOE-2 and BLAST  

SciTech Connect

Many building energy analysis tools, ranging from the simplest to the most sophisticated, are applicable to the design of large commercial buildings. This paper focuses on two of the sophisticated, detailed, and most powerful of these tools: the DOE-2 and BLAST computer programs. DOE-2 and BLAST are generally classed as high-level, computer-dynamic methods that are based on hour-by-hour computation. These tools are placed in the context of building energy analysis, and the motivation for their development is traced. The characteristics of DOE-2 and BLAST are discussed, with emphasis on their solar simulation features, and their capabilities are contrasted and related. Three case studies, illustrating typical applications of the programs to the retrofit of existing buildings and the design of new buildings, are presented: a passive solar retrofit of an office building, the use of DOE-2 as a predesign analysis tool, and the use of BLAST in a research and development application. Future directions in research and development needs for high-level building energy analysis tools and the progress being made toward increased use of these tools are discussed.

Hunn, B.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Discussion of Ultimate Wind Load Design Gust Wind Speeds ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ind. Aerodyn., 97(34), 120131. Peterka, JA (2001). Database of peak gust wind speeds, Texas Tech/ CSU. Extreme winds and wind effects on ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

420

Roadmap towards ultimately-efficient zeta-scale datacenters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chip microscale liquid-cooling reduces thermal resistance and improves datacenter efficiency with higher coolant temperatures by eliminating chillers and allowing thermal energy re-use in cold climates. Liquid cooling enables an unprecedented density ... Keywords: cooling, datacenter, energy, packaging, power-supply, reuse, stacking

Patrick Ruch, Thomas Brunschwiler, Stephan Paredes, Ingmar Meijer, Bruno Michel

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ways ultimately harmful" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Spotlight on Michigan: Sweeping the State for Ultimate Success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

goals at the program core, BetterBuildings for Michigan is on track to understanding homeowner motivations, and in the process, is laying a strong and flexible foundation for...

422

#LabChat: Supercomputing Our Way to the Future, Sept. 19 at 1:30 pm EDT |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LabChat: Supercomputing Our Way to the Future, Sept. 19 at 1:30 pm LabChat: Supercomputing Our Way to the Future, Sept. 19 at 1:30 pm EDT #LabChat: Supercomputing Our Way to the Future, Sept. 19 at 1:30 pm EDT September 18, 2012 - 12:21pm Q&A SEND US YOUR QUESTIONS | These scientists are using the most powerful supercomputers in the world to build some of the most complex machines ever. Have questions? Ask here or on #LabChat Ask Us Addthis Supercomputers like this petascale computer, Jaguar, at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are helping researchers build and experiment with next-generation nuclear reactors. Jaguar powers the virtual reactor at the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL). | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Lab. Supercomputers like this petascale computer, Jaguar, at Oak Ridge National

423

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you want to know about the smart grid? We'll be answering your questions in a follow-up piece. Ask Us Addthis Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's GridLAB-D™ tool works to simulate all aspects of the energy grid from generation to end use allowing users to see the future of the grid like never before. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's GridLAB-D(tm) tool works to simulate all aspects of the energy grid from generation to end use allowing users to

424

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you want to know about the smart grid? We'll be answering your questions in a follow-up piece. Ask Us Addthis Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's GridLAB-D™ tool works to simulate all aspects of the energy grid from generation to end use allowing users to see the future of the grid like never before. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's GridLAB-D(tm) tool works to simulate all aspects of the energy grid from generation to end use allowing users to

425

GAO-07-1036, CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION: Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Congressional Requesters Congressional Requesters CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain September 2007 GAO-07-1036 What GAO Found United States Government Accountability Office Why GAO Did This Study Highlights Accountability Integrity Reliability September 2007 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain Highlights of GAO-07-1036, a report to congressional requesters Control systems-computer-based systems that monitor and control sensitive processes and physical functions-perform vital functions in many of our nation's critical infrastructures, including electric power, oil and gas, water treatment, and chemical production. The disruption of

426

Ion and electron beam nanofabrication of the which-way double-slit experiment in a transmission electron microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have realized a which-way experiment closely resembling the original Feynman's proposal exploiting focused ion beam milling to prepare two nanoslits and electron beam induced deposition to grow, selectively over one of them, electron transparent layers of low atomic number amorphous material to realize a which-way detector for high energy electrons. By carrying out the experiment in an electron microscope equipped with an energy filter, we show that the inelastic scattering of electron transmitted through amorphous layers of different thicknesses provides the control of the dissipative interaction process responsible for the localization phenomena which cancels out the interference effects.

Frabboni, Stefano [Department of Physics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and CNR-Institute of Nanoscience-S3, via G. Campi 213/a, 41100 Modena (Italy); Gazzadi, Gian Carlo [CNR-Institute of Nanoscience-S3, via G. Campi 213/a, 41100 Modena (Italy); Pozzi, Giulio [Department of Physics, University of Bologna, viale B. Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna (Italy)

2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

Ebay the Smart Way: Selling,Buying,and Profiting on the Web's #1 Auction Site, 2nd edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Its STILL the worlds largest marketplace: eBay! And now with the thoroughly updated second edition of EBAY THE SMART WAY, both buyers and sellers get the inside scoop on nearly a dozen new features. With a special ...

Joseph T. Sinclair

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

EA-1629: Herbicide Application within Transmission Line Rights-of-Way in the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest, Arkansas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of the Interior, U.S. Forest Service, with DOEs Southwestern Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of applying herbicide within transmission line rights-of-way in the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest in Arkansas. NOTE: SWPA's involvement in this EA has ended.

429

Title: Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration of Ways to Reduce Operating Costs of Small Producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Electrical Power Generation from Produced Water: Field Demonstration of Ways to Reduce produced water to create "green" electricity usable on site or for transmission off site . The goal the environmental impact by creating green electricity using produced water and no additional fossil fuel. Approach

430

Biofuels6a.doc Woods Institute for the Environment 429 Arguello Way, Encina Modular C Stanford, CA 94305  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels6a.doc Woods Institute for the Environment · 429 Arguello Way, Encina Modular C · Stanford, CA 94305 · http://environment.stanford.edu/ideas/biofuels.html The Impacts of Large-Scale Biofuel Use practices can significantly influence the environmental effects of biofuels. The choices farmers make

Nur, Amos

431

Examining Two-Way Grid Nesting for Large Eddy Simulation of the PBL Using the WRF Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of two-way nesting for large eddy simulation (LES) of PBL turbulence is investigated using the Weather Research and Forecasting model framework. A pair of LES-within-LES experiments are performed where a finer-grid LES covering a ...

C-H. Moeng; Jimy Dudhia; Joe Klemp; Peter Sullivan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

36 ways to save energy and money - right now! Hawai'i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ways to save energy and money-right now! ways to save energy and money-right now! STATE OF HAWAII ACTIONS THAT WILL TAKE SOME PLANNING AND/OR HOME REMODELING: 1 Shut off lights and appliances when you leave the room. 2 Use task lighting and shut off general and overhead lighting. 3 Change incandescent bulbs to compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). 4 If you are near a window, use natural daylight, not electric lighting. 5 Use the ENERGY STAR settings in your computers, printers, copiers, and appliances to power down when idle. But remember to shut them off when you are finished using them and at the end of the day. 6 Use a power strip to shut off computers, printers, speakers, and mobile phone chargers when not in use (phantom loads). 7 Print and copy on both sides of the paper. 8 If possible, lower air-conditioning use by raising the thermostat.

433

Cost-effectiveness of Different Herbicide and Non-herbicide Alternatives for Treating Transmission Rights of Way Vegetation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a guide to using cost-effectiveness analysis to compare different programs of vegetation management for electric transmission line rights of way.BackgroundCost effectiveness is an important economic measure for describing and comparing the relative acceptability of different vegetation management programs. Cost-effectiveness analysis is apparently rarely used in the utility industry. This might be related to its apparent complexity, but it can ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Importance, Identification, and Assessment of Danger and Hazard Trees Located Outside Electric Transmission Line Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric transmission line rights-of-way (ROWs) commonly pass through forested areas across North America. Trees from these forests could fall from outside the ROW into a transmission line and its security zone, potentially causing an outage. Most of the bulk transmission outages across the United States over the past decade have been caused by off-ROW trees. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) developed standards for transmission vegetation management programs that strictly regul...

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Ecological and Wildlife Risk Assessment of Chemicals Encountered in Vegetation Management on Electric Utility Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The management of vegetation on electric utility rights-of-way (ROWs) is an essential part of managing electrical transmission and distribution systems. A variety of manual, mechanical, and chemical methods, singly or in combination, are used for this purpose. The method or methods selected must be safe for humans and the environment and cost-effective in accomplishing the goals of ROW management. This report reviews environmental and wildlife safety through an assessment of risk to the environment, incl...

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

436

The chemical evolution of a Milky Way-like galaxy: the importance of a cosmologically motivated infall law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We aim at finding a cosmologically motivated infall law to understand if the LambdaCDM cosmology can reproduce the main chemical characteristics of a Milky Way-like spiral galaxy. In this work we test several different gas infall laws, starting from that suggested in the two-infall model for the chemical evolution of the Milky Way by Chiappini et al., but focusing on laws derived from cosmological simulations which follows a concordance LambdaCDM cosmology. By means of a detailed chemical evolution model for the solar vicinity, we study the effects of the different gas infall laws on the abundance patterns and the G-dwarf metallicity distribution. The cosmological gas infall law predicts two main gas accretion episodes. By means of this cosmologically motivated infall law, we study the star formation rate, the SNIa and SNII rate, the total amount of gas and stars in the solar neighbourhood and the behaviour of several chemical abundances. We find that the results of the two-infall model are fully compatible with the evolution of the Milky Way with cosmological accretion laws. A gas assembly history derived from a DM halo, compatible with the formation of a late-type galaxy from the morphological point of view, can produce chemical properties in agreement with the available observations.

Edoardo Colavitti; Francesca Matteucci; Giuseppe Murante

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Research on The Implementation of Toyota Way for Golf Industry V A case of O-TA Precision Industry Co., LTD.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract The company for case study always dedicates to reinforce interior constitution as well as exterior competition, the major core is surrounding The Toyota Way, (more)

Chen, Yuan-kai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRAFT REPORT TO CONGRESS: DRAFT REPORT TO CONGRESS: ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005, SECTION 1813, INDIAN LAND RIGHTS-OF-WAY STUDY U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of the Interior August 7, 2006 DRAFT August 7, 2006 DRAFT ii Contents 1. Introduction............................................................................................................................. 1 1.1. Statutory Language of Section 1813............................................................................... 1 1.2. Scope of Section 1813 .................................................................................................... 2 1.3. Issues Raised in Scoping the Study ................................................................................ 4 1.3.1. Tribal Sovereignty, Consent, and Self-Determination............................................

439

The way ahead  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea of a linear electric motor is almost as old as that of electric motors themselves. The first linear motor was a reluctance machine built by Charles Wheatstone in 1845, to be closely followed by a similar machine by Henry Fox Talbert, better known as the father of photography. Nikola Tesla invented the induction motor in 1888. The first patent on linear induction motors was taken out by the Mayor of Pittsburg in 1895. The first electromagnetic gun was undoubtedly Birkeland's Cannon of 1918, again a reluctance device, but possibly the first tubular motor using a row of simple coils energized in sequence with d.c. In 1946, Westinghouse built a full-scale aircraft launcher, the Electopult, which was an induction motor with a moving primary. It was this machine which inspired the author to begin his own work on linear motors in the 1950s, since when there have been rapid advances in linear induction machines for producing standstill forces, for propelling high-speed vehicles and as accelerators for producing kinetic energy. This paper reports that it is this third category that forms the subject of the conference.

Laithwaite, E.R. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Ways of grounding imagination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses and evaluates use of different participatory design methods in relation to addressing the challenge of grounding imagination. It presents reflections on the use of three participatory design methods, deployed in the WorkSpace project: ... Keywords: PD methods, analytical triangulation, bricolage, future laboratory, grounding imagination, in-situ prototyping experiments

Monika Bscher; Mette Agger Eriksen; Jannie Friis Kristensen; Preben Holst Mogensen

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Physics the google way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Are we smarter now than Socrates was in his time? Society as a whole certainly enjoys a higher degree of education, but humans as a species probably don't get intrinsically smarter with time. Our knowledge base, however, continues to grow at an unprecedented rate, so how then do we keep up? The printing press was one of the earliest technological advances that expanded our memory and made possible our present intellectual capacity. We are now faced with a new technological advance of the same magnitude--the internet--but how do we use it effectively? A new tool is available on Google (http://www.google.com) that allows a user not only to numerically evaluate equations, but to automatically perform unit analysis and conversion as well, with most of the fundamental physical constants built in.

Ward, D W

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Learning Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contemporary research on meta-cognition has reintroduced conscious experience into psychological research on learning and stimulated a fresh look at classical experiential learning scholars who gave experience a central role in the learning process - ... Keywords: Kolb Learning Style Inventory, experiential learning theory, games, learning self-identity, learning space, learning spiral, learning style, meta-cognition

Alice Y. Kolb; David A. Kolb

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Dark Matter Constraints from Observations of 25 Milky Way Satellite Galaxies with the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies of the Milky Way are some of the most dark-matter-dominated objects known. Due to their proximity, high dark matter content, and lack of astrophysical backgrounds, dwarf spheroidal galaxies are widely considered to be among the most promising targets for the indirect detection of dark matter via gamma rays. Here we report on gamma-ray observations of 25 Milky Way dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies based on 4 years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) data. None of the dwarf galaxies are significantly detected in gamma rays, and we present gamma-ray flux upper limits between 500 MeV and 500 GeV. We determine the dark matter content of 18 dwarf spheroidal galaxies from stellar kinematic data and combine LAT observations of 15 dwarf galaxies to constrain the dark matter annihilation cross section. We set some of the tightest constraints to date on the the annihilation of dark matter particles with masses between 2 GeV and 10 TeV into prototypical Standard Model channels. We find these results to be robust against systematic uncertainties in the LAT instrument performance, diffuse gamma-ray background modeling, and assumed dark matter density profile.

The Fermi-LAT Collaboration; :; M. Ackermann; A. Albert; B. Anderson; L. Baldini; J. Ballet; G. Barbiellini; D. Bastieri; K. Bechtol; R. Bellazzini; E. Bissaldi; E. D. Bloom; E. Bonamente; A. Bouvier; T. J. Brandt; J. Bregeon; M. Brigida; P. Bruel; R. Buehler; S. Buson; G. A. Caliandro; R. A. Cameron; M. Caragiulo; P. A. Caraveo; C. Cecchi; E. Charles; A. Chekhtman; J. Chiang; S. Ciprini; R. Claus; J. Cohen-Tanugi; J. Conrad; F. D'Ammando; A. de Angelis; C. D. Dermer; S. W. Digel; E. do Couto e Silva; P. S. Drell; A. Drlica-Wagner; R. Essig; C. Favuzzi; E. C. Ferrara; A. Franckowiak; Y. Fukazawa; S. Funk; P. Fusco; F. Gargano; D. Gasparrini; N. Giglietto; M. Giroletti; G. Godfrey; G. A. Gomez-Vargas; I. A. Grenier; Guiriec; M. Gustafsson; M. Hayashida; E. Hays; J. Hewitt; R. E. Hughes; T. Jogler; T. Kamae; J. Kndlseder; D. Kocevski; M. Kuss; . Larsson; L. Latronico; M. Llena Garde; F. Longo; F. Loparco; M. N. Lovellette; P. Lubrano; G. Martinez; M. Mayer; M. N. Mazziotta; P. F. Michelson; W. Mitthumsiri; T. Mizuno; A. A. Moiseev; M. E. Monzani; A. Morselli; I. V. Moskalenko; S. Murgia; R. Nemmen; E. Nuss; T. Ohsugi; E. Orlando; J. F. Ormes; J. S. Perkins; F. Piron; G. Pivato; T. A. Porter; S. Rain; R. Rando; M. Razzano; S. Razzaque; A. Reimer; O. Reimer; S. Ritz; M. Snchez-Conde; N. Sehgal; C. Sgr; E. J. Siskind; P. Spinelli; L. Strigari; D. J. Suson; H. Tajima; H. Takahashi; J. B. Thayer; L. Tibaldo; M. Tinivella; D. F. Torres; Y. Uchiyama; T. L. Usher; J. Vandenbroucke; G. Vianello; V. Vitale; M. Werner; B. L. Winer; K. S. Wood; M. Wood; G. Zaharijas; S. Zimmer

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

444

Materials for Energy How pressing needs for innovative technologies demand new ways of creating materials and putting them together  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Littlewood Littlewood Associate Lab Director, Physical Sciences and Engineering Argonne National Laboratory Secretary of Energy Advisory Board 17 April 2012 Materials for Energy How pressing needs for innovative technologies demand new ways of creating materials and putting them together The scale of the challenge: Energy usage per m 2 Courtesy D J Mackay, UK DECC Renewable deployments are country-sized Courtesy D J Mackay, UK DECC Challenges of Geography, Efficiency, and Cost Power density Watt/m 2 Full insolation Arizona desert 300 Concentrated solar power (desert) 15-20 Solar photovoltaic 5-20 Biomass 1-2 Tidal pools/tidal stream 3-8 Wind 2-8 Rainwater (highland) 0.3 US energy consumption (all sources) 0.3 In the US: Solar + wind + storage + grid infrastructure= sustainable economy

445

Boundary Ring: a way to construct approximate NG solutions with polygon boundary conditions: I. Z_n-symmetric configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an algebro-geometric construction of polygon-bounded minimal surfaces in ADS_5, based on consideration of what we call the "boundary ring" of polynomials. The first non-trivial example of the Nambu-Goto (NG) solutions for Z_6-symmetric hexagon is considered in some detail. Solutions are represented as power series, of which only the first terms are evaluated. The NG equations leave a number of free parameters (a free function). Boundary conditions, which fix the free parameters, are imposed on truncated series. It is still unclear if explicit analytic formulas can be found in this way, but even approximate solutions, obtained by truncation of power series, can be sufficient to investigate the Alday-Maldacena -- BDS/BHT version of the string/gauge duality.

H. Itoyama; A. Mironov; A. Morozov

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

446

Global survey of star clusters in the Milky Way I. The pipeline and fundamental parameters in the second quadrant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims: On the basis of the PPMXL star catalogue we performed a survey of star clusters in the second quadrant of the Milky Way. Methods: From the PPMXL catalogue of positions and proper motions we took the subset of stars with near-infrared photometry from 2MASS and added the remaining 2MASS stars without proper motions (called 2MAst, i.e. 2MASS with astrometry). We developed a data-processing pipeline including interactive human control of a standardised set of multi-dimensional diagrams to determine kinematic and photometric membership probabilities for stars in a cluster region. The pipeline simultaneously produced the astrophysical parameters of a cluster. From literature we compiled a target list of presently known open and globular clusters, cluster candidates, associations, and moving groups. From established member stars we derived spatial parameters (coordinates of centres and radii of the main morphological parts of clusters) and cluster kinematics (average proper motions and sometimes radial velocit...

Kharchenko, N V; Schilbach, E; Rser, S; Scholz, R -D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

THE ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION OF COLD GAS IN THE HALO OF A MILKY-WAY-MASS GALAXY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze an adaptive mesh refinement hydrodynamic cosmological simulation of a Milky-Way-sized galaxy to study the cold gas in the halo. H I observations of the Milky Way and other nearby spirals have revealed the presence of such gas in the form of clouds and other extended structures, which indicates ongoing accretion. We use a high-resolution simulation (136-272 pc throughout) to study the distribution of cold gas in the halo, compare it with observations, and examine its origin. The amount ({approx}10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} in H I), covering fraction, and spatial distribution of the cold halo gas around the simulated galaxy at z = 0 are consistent with existing observations. At z = 0, the H I mass accretion rate onto the disk is 0.2 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. We track the histories of the 20 satellites that are detected in H I in the redshift interval 0.5 > z > 0 and find that most of them are losing gas, with a median mass-loss rate per satellite of 3.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. This stripped gas is a significant component of the H I gas seen in the simulation. In addition, we see filamentary material coming into the halo from the intergalactic medium at all redshifts. Most of this gas does not make it directly to the disk, but part of the gas in these structures is able to cool and form clouds. The metallicity of the gas allows us to distinguish between filamentary flows and satellite gas. We find that the former accounts for at least 25%-75% of the cold gas in the halo seen at any redshift analyzed here. Placing constraints on cloud formation mechanisms allows us to better understand how galaxies accrete gas and fuel star formation at z = 0.

Fernandez, Ximena; Joung, M. Ryan; Putman, Mary E. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

448

Not a One-Way Street: Exploring the Role of Intersectional Representation on African American Male Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representation is an enduring area of research in Political Science. While there has been an extensive amount of research in the area of minority representation, there is substantially less work considering multiple identities. Using the concept of intersectionality, this dissertation explores the role of multiple identities in representation. I argue that intersectional representation, that is, representation based on multiple identities provides a thorough interpretation of real world phenomena. To test my arguments, I utilize quantitative methods to empirically assess the role of intersectional representation on public policy outcomes. The goal of this dissertation is three-fold. First, I incorporate the concept of intersectionality of race and gender into the public policy and public management literature. Second, I explore intersectionality and representation with gender from a perspective that has not been extensively addressed in the political science literaturenamely, a concentration on males, instead of females. Third, I develop a theory of intersectional representation which links to public policy outcomes. In order to test my theory, I explore the role of Black male representation in the bureaucracy and in local political bodies on Black male student outcomes. I find that representation based on both race and gender is associated with both positive and negative public policy outcomes for Black male students. Specifically, in Chapter I, the results indicate that Black male teachers are associated with a decreased presence of Black male students in low tracked courses and upper level honors courses. The following chapter shows that intersectional political representation, that is, Black male school board representation, is also associated with positive outcomes for Black male students. The last empirical chapter indicates that intersectional stability is associated with an increase of Black male students in low track courses. In general, the findings indicate that intersectional representation is consequential for public policy outcomes, both in negative and positive ways. The dissertation challenges the way representation is conceptualized, as to capture the simultaneous effect of both race and gender on public policy outcomes of represented groups.

Walker, Meredith Brooke Loudd

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Influence of Hydrologic Modeling on the Predicted Local Weather: Two-Way Coupling of a Mesoscale Weather Prediction Model and a Land Surface Hydrologic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-way coupling of the operational mesoscale weather prediction model known as Lokal Modell (LM; German Weather Service) with the land surface hydrologic TOPMODEL-Based Land SurfaceAtmosphere Transfer Scheme (TOPLATS; Princeton University) ...

G. Seuffert; P. Gross; C. Simmer; E. F. Wood

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Three-Way Interaction between an African Easterly Wave, Diurnally Varying Convection, and a Convectively Coupled Atmospheric Kelvin Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores a three-way interaction between an African easterly wave (AEW), the diurnal cycle of convection over the Guinea Highlands (GHs), and a convectively coupled atmospheric equatorial Kelvin wave (CCKW). These interactions resulted ...

Michael J. Ventrice; Christopher D. Thorncroft; Matthew A. Janiga

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Comment on: "A one-way speed of light experiment" by E. D. Greaves, et al. Am. J. Phys. 77(10), 894-896 (2009)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a comment on E. D. Greaves et al. paper. We argue that their laboratory experiment cannot be interpreted as measuring the one-way speed of light.

Macdonald, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Relationship between Incident and Double-Way Transmittances: An Application for the Estimate of Surface Albedo from Satellites over the African Sahel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inference of surface reflectance from satellite observations requires the knowledge of the double-way transmittance through the atmosphere. Since the existing pyranometer networks routinely provide measurements of the incident transmittance ...

B. Pinty; D. Tanre

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Constraining Dark Matter Models from a Combined Analysis of Milky Way Satellites with the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

SciTech Connect

Satellite galaxies of the Milky Way are among the most promising targets for dark matter searches in gamma rays. We present a search for dark matter consisting of weakly interacting massive particles, applying a joint likelihood analysis to 10 satellite galaxies with 24 months of data of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. No dark matter signal is detected. Including the uncertainty in the dark matter distribution, robust upper limits are placed on dark matter annihilation cross sections. The 95% confidence level upper limits range from about 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 5 GeV to about 5 x 10{sup -23} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 1 TeV, depending on the dark matter annihilation final state. For the first time, using gamma rays, we are able to rule out models with the most generic cross section ({approx}3 x 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} for a purely s-wave cross section), without assuming additional boost factors.

Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Albert, A.; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /Ohio State U.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; Blandford, R.D.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Burnett, T.H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Buson, S.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /ICE, Bellaterra /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Artep Inc. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /ASDC, Frascati /Udine U. /INFN, Trieste /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /NASA, Goddard /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /ASDC, Frascati /NASA, Goddard /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /DAPNIA, Saclay /Alabama U., Huntsville; /more authors..

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

MULTI-ELEMENT ABUNDANCE MEASUREMENTS FROM MEDIUM-RESOLUTION SPECTRA. IV. ALPHA ELEMENT DISTRIBUTIONS IN MILKY WAY SATELLITE GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive the star formation histories of eight dwarf spheroidal (dSph) Milky Way satellite galaxies from their alpha element abundance patterns. Nearly 3000 stars from our previously published catalog comprise our data set. The average [{alpha}/Fe] ratios for all dSphs follow roughly the same path with increasing [Fe/H]. We do not observe the predicted knees in the [{alpha}/Fe] versus [Fe/H] diagram, corresponding to the metallicity at which Type Ia supernovae begin to explode. Instead, we find that Type Ia supernova ejecta contribute to the abundances of all but the most metal-poor ([Fe/H] < -2.5) stars. We have also developed a chemical evolution model that tracks the star formation rate, Types II and Ia supernova explosions, and supernova feedback. Without metal enhancement in the supernova blowout, massive amounts of gas loss define the history of all dSphs except Fornax, the most luminous in our sample. All six of the best-fit model parameters correlate with dSph luminosity but not with velocity dispersion, half-light radius, or Galactocentric distance.

Kirby, Evan N.; Cohen, Judith G. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Smith, Graeme H.; Guhathakurta, Puragra [University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Majewski, Steven R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Sohn, Sangmo Tony [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

THE APACHE POINT OBSERVATORY GALACTIC EVOLUTION EXPERIMENT: FIRST DETECTION OF HIGH-VELOCITY MILKY WAY BAR STARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commissioning observations with the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, have produced radial velocities (RVs) for {approx}4700 K/M-giant stars in the Milky Way (MW) bulge. These high-resolution (R {approx} 22, 500), high-S/N (>100 per resolution element), near-infrared (NIR; 1.51-1.70 {mu}m) spectra provide accurate RVs ({epsilon}{sub V} {approx} 0.2 km s{sup -1}) for the sample of stars in 18 Galactic bulge fields spanning -1 Degree-Sign -32 Degree-Sign . This represents the largest NIR high-resolution spectroscopic sample of giant stars ever assembled in this region of the Galaxy. A cold ({sigma}{sub V} {approx} 30 km s{sup -1}), high-velocity peak (V{sub GSR} Almost-Equal-To +200 km s{sup -1}) is found to comprise a significant fraction ({approx}10%) of stars in many of these fields. These high RVs have not been detected in previous MW surveys and are not expected for a simple, circularly rotating disk. Preliminary distance estimates rule out an origin from the background Sagittarius tidal stream or a new stream in the MW disk. Comparison to various Galactic models suggests that these high RVs are best explained by stars in orbits of the Galactic bar potential, although some observational features remain unexplained.

Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R.; Beaton, Rachael L.; Wilson, John C.; Skrutskie, Michael F.; O'Connell, Robert W. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Bird, Jonathan; Schoenrich, Ralph; Johnson, Jennifer A.; Sellgren, Kris [Department of Astronomy and the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Robin, Annie C.; Schultheis, Mathias [Institut Utinam, CNRS UMR 6213, OSU THETA, Universite de Franche-Comte, 41bis avenue de l'Observatoire, F-25000 Besancon (France); Martinez-Valpuesta, Inma; Gerhard, Ortwin [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Shetrone, Matthew [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, Fort Davis, TX 79734 (United States); Schiavon, Ricardo P. [Gemini Observatory, 670 North A'Ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Weiner, Benjamin [Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Street, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Schneider, Donald P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Allende Prieto, Carlos, E-mail: dln5q@virginia.edu [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); and others

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

SDSS-III: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys of the Distant Universe, the Milky Way Galaxy, and Extra-Solar Planetary Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. BOSS will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Lya forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the BAO feature of large scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51-1.70 micron) spectra of 10^5 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for ~15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. MARVELS will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m/s, ~24 visits per star) needed to detect gi...

Eisenstein, Daniel J; Agol, Eric; Aihara, Hiroaki; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Anderson, Scott F; Arns, James A; Aubourg, Eric; Bailey, Stephen; Balbinot, Eduardo; Barkhouser, Robert; Beers, Timothy C; Berlind, Andreas A; Bickerton, Steven J; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blanton, Michael R; Bochanski, John J; Bolton, Adam S; Bosman, Casey T; Bovy, Jo; Brewington, Howard J; Brandt, W N; Breslauer, Ben; Brinkmann, J; Brown, Peter J; Brownstein, Joel R; Burger, Dan; Busca, Nicolas G; Campbell, Heather; Cargile, Phillip A; Carithers, William C; Carlberg, Joleen K; Carr, Michael A; Chen, Yanmei; Chiappini, Cristina; Comparat, Johan; Connolly, Natalia; Cortes, Marina; Croft, Rupert A C; da Costa, Luiz N; Cunha, Katia; Davenport, James R A; Dawson, Kyle; De Lee, Nathan; de Mello, Gustavo F Porto; de Simoni, Fernando; Dean, Janice; Dhital, Saurav; Ealet, Anne; Ebelke, Garrett L; Edmondson, Edward M; Eiting, Jacob M; Escoffier, Stephanie; Esposito, Massimiliano; Evans, Michael L; Fan, Xiaohui; Castella, Bruno Femenia; Ferreira, Leticia Dutra; Fitzgerald, Greg; Fleming, Scott W; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Ford, Eric B; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Perez, Ana Elia Garcia; Gaudi, B Scott; Ge, Jian; Ghezzi, Luan; Gillespie, Bruce A; Gilmore, G; Girardi, Leo; Gott, J Richard; Gould, Andrew; Grebel, Eva K; Gunn, James E; Hamilton, Jean-Christophe; Harding, Paul; Harris, David W; Hawley, Suzanne L; Hearty, Frederick R; Hernandez, Jonay I Gonzalez; Ho, Shirley; Hogg, David W; Holtzman, Jon A; Honscheid, Klaus; Inada, Naohisa; Ivans, Inese I; Jiang, Linhua; Jiang, Peng; Johnson, Jennifer A; Jordan, Cathy; Jordan, Wendell P; Kauffmann, Guinevere; Kazin, Eyal; Kirkby, David; Klaene, Mark A; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Knapp, G R; Kochanek, C S; Koesterke, Lars; Kollmeier, Juna A; Kron, Richard G; Lang, Dustin; Lawler, James E; Goff, Jean-Marc Le; Lee, Brian L; Lee, Young Sun; Leisenring, Jarron M; Lin, Yen-Ting; Liu, Jian; Long, Daniel C; Loomis, Craig P; Lucatello, Sara; Lundgren, Britt; Lupton, Robert H; Ma, Bo; Ma, Zhibo; MacDonald, Nicholas; Mack, Claude; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Maia, Marcio A G; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Majewski, Steven R; Makler, Martin; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Maraston, Claudia; Margala, Daniel; Maseman, Paul; Masters, Karen L; McBride, Cameron K; McDonald, Patrick; McGreer, Ian D; McMahon, Richard G; Requejo, Olga Mena; Menard, Brice; Miralda-Escude, Jordi; Morrison, Heather L; Mullally, Fergal; Muna, Demitri; Murayama, Hitoshi; Myers, Adam D; Naugle, Tracy; Neto, Angelo Fausti; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Nichol, Robert C; Nidever, David L; O'Connell, Robert W; Ogando, Ricardo L C; Olmstead, Matthew D; Oravetz, Daniel J; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Paegert, Martin; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Pandey, Parul; Parejko, John K; Paris, Isabelle; Pellegrini, Paulo; Pepper, Joshua; Percival, Will J; Petitjean, Patrick; Pfaffenberger, Robert; Pforr, Janine; Phleps, Stefanie; Pichon, Christophe; Pieri, Matthew M; Prada, Francisco; Price-Whelan, Adrian M; Raddick, M Jordan; Ramos, Beatriz H F; Ryle, Celine; Reid, I Neill; Rich, James; Richards, Gordon T; Rieke, George H; Rieke, Marcia J; Rix, Hans-Walter; Robin, Annie C; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J; Rockosi, Constance M; Roe, Natalie A; Rollinde, Emmanuel; Ross, Ashley J; Ross, Nicholas P; Rossetto, Bruno; Sanchez, Ariel G; Santiago, Basilio; Sayres, Conor; Schiavon, Ricardo; Schlegel, David J; Schlesinger, Katharine J; Schmidt, Sarah J; Schneider, Donald P; Sellgren, Kris; Shelden, Alaina; Sheldon, Erin; Shetrone, Matthew; Shu, Yiping; Silverman, John D; Simmerer, Jennifer; Simmons, Audrey E; Sivarani, Thirupathi; Skrutskie, M F; Slosar, Anze; Smee, Stephen; Smith, Verne V; Snedden, Stephanie A; Stassun, Keivan G; Steele, Oliver; Steinmetz, Matthias; Stockett, Mark H; Stollberg, Todd; Strauss, Michael A; Tanaka, Masayuki; Thakar, Aniruddha R; Thomas, Daniel; Tinker, Jeremy L; Tofflemire, Benjamin M; Tojeiro, Rita; Tremonti, Christy A; Magana, Mariana Vargas; Verde, Licia; Vogt, Nicole P; Wake, David A; Wan, Xiaoke; Wang, Ji; Weaver, Benjamin A; White, Martin; White, Simon D M; Wilson, John C; Wisniewski, John P; Wood-Vasey, W Michael; Yanny, Brian; Yasuda, Naoki; Yeche, Christophe; York, Donald G; Young, Erick; Zasowski, Gail; Zehavi, Idit; Zhao, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Efficient electric motor systems for industry. Report on roundtable discussions of market problems and ways to overcome them  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency of electric motor systems is one of the best energy-saving opportunities for the United States. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies estimates that by the year 2010 in the industrial sector, the opportunities for savings from improved efficiency in electric motor systems could be roughly as follows: 240 billion kilowatthours per year. $13 billion per year from US industry`s energy bill. Up to 50,000 megawatts in new powerplant capacity avoided. Up to 44 million metric tons of carbon-equivalent emissions mitigated per year, corresponding to 3 percent of present US emissions. Recognizing the benefits of this significant opportunity for energy savings, DOE has targeted improvements in the efficiency of electric motor systems as a key initiative in the effort to promote flexibility and efficiency in the way electricity is produced and used. Efficient electric motor systems will help the United States reach its national goals for energy savings and greenhouse gas emission reductions.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

SDSS-III: MASSIVE SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEYS OF THE DISTANT UNIVERSE, THE MILKY WAY, AND EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETARY SYSTEMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly{alpha} forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {>=} 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 {mu}m data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z {>=} 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.

Eisenstein, Daniel J. [Steward Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Weinberg, David H. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Agol, Eric; Anderson, Scott F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Aihara, Hiroaki [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8583 (Japan); Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Arns, James A. [Kaiser Optical Systems, Ann Arbor, MI 48103 (United States); Aubourg, Eric [Astroparticule et Cosmologie (APC), Universite Paris-Diderot, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); Bailey, Stephen [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Balbinot, Eduardo [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS 91501-970 (Brazil); Barkhouser, Robert [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Beers, Timothy C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA: Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Berlind, Andreas A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Bickerton, Steven J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry [Apache Point Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Blanton, Michael R. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Bochanski, John J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Bolton, Adam S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

MULTI-ELEMENT ABUNDANCE MEASUREMENTS FROM MEDIUM-RESOLUTION SPECTRA. II. CATALOG OF STARS IN MILKY WAY DWARF SATELLITE GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a catalog of Fe, Mg, Si, Ca, and Ti abundances for 2961 stars in eight dwarf satellite galaxies of the Milky Way (MW): Sculptor, Fornax, Leo I, Sextans, Leo II, Canes Venatici I, Ursa Minor, and Draco. For the purposes of validating our measurements, we also observed 445 red giants in MW globular clusters and 21 field red giants in the MW halo. The measurements are based on Keck/DEIMOS medium-resolution spectroscopy (MRS) combined with spectral synthesis. We estimate uncertainties in [Fe/H] by quantifying the dispersion of [Fe/H] measurements in a sample of stars in monometallic globular clusters (GCs). We estimate uncertainties in Mg, Si, Ca, and Ti abundances by comparing to high-resolution spectroscopic abundances of the same stars. For this purpose, a sample of 132 stars with published high-resolution spectroscopy in GCs, the MW halo field, and dwarf galaxies has been observed with MRS. The standard deviations of the differences in [Fe/H] and ([{alpha}/Fe]) (the average of [Mg/Fe], [Si/Fe], [Ca/Fe], and [Ti/Fe]) between the two samples is 0.15 and 0.16, respectively. This catalog represents the largest sample of multi-element abundances in dwarf galaxies to date. The next papers in this series draw conclusions on the chemical evolution, gas dynamics, and star formation histories from the catalog presented here. The wide range of dwarf galaxy luminosity reveals the dependence of dwarf galaxy chemical evolution on galaxy stellar mass.

Kirby, Evan N.; Cohen, Judith G. [California Institute of Technology, Department of Astronomy, Mail Stop 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States); Guhathakurta, Puragra; Rockosi, Constance M. [University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Simon, Joshua D. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Geha, Marla C. [Astronomy Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Sneden, Christopher [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Sohn, Sangmo Tony [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Majewski, Steven R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Siegel, Michael [Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, State College, PA 16801 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

THE DEVELOPMENT AND ON-ROAD PERFORMANCE AND DURABILITY OF THE FOUR-WAY EMISSION CONTROL SCRT{trademark} SYSTEM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

legislation worldwide necessitates the development of pollution control systems capable of enabling engines to meet the incoming legislative requirements. It is clear that to maximize the benefit to the environment, as well as to meet the very stringent future standards (especially the US 2010 limits), systems capable of high simultaneous conversions of all four major pollutants, carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and Particulate Matter (PM), are required. Very high conversions of CO, HC and PM are achieved using catalyst-based Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) systems, such as the Continuously Regenerating Technology, CRT{reg_sign}, system. High NOx conversions can be obtained using Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems, in which ammonia (generated from urea) is used to selectively reduce the NOx. This paper summarizes the key steps in the development of the four-way SCRT system, which comprises the CRT system followed by an SCR system. Engine bench results obtained during the development of this system are presented and discussed. However, the key to real-world emissions benefit is the actual on-road performance of such systems. It is well established that the CRT system provides very high and durable conversions of CO, HC and PM, so the focus of this current work was to demonstrate the NOx conversion capability and durability of the SCRT system. The SCRT unit was installed on a long-haul truck powered by a 15 litre Cummins engine. On-road NOx emissions performance was measured using NOx sensors located upstream and downstream of the SCRT unit. Over an 850 km evaluation route, the average on-road NOx conversion obtained was up to 82%, even when the urea injection quantity was set to give a maximum NOx conversion of around 85%. The durability of the system has also been assessed. Over the course of 150,000 km, no reduction in the NOx conversion efficiency of the system was observed. The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the SCRT system provides very high on-road NOx conversion, and that the system has excellent durability within real-world applications.

Cooper, BJ; McDonald, AC; Walker, AP; Sanchez, M

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Development of a right-of-way cost estimation and cost estimate management process framework for highway projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Escalation of right-of-way (ROW) costs have been shown to be a prime contributor to project cost escalation in the highway industry. Two problems contribute to ROW cost escalation: 1) the ROW cost estimation and cost estimate management process generally lacks structure and definition as compared to other areas of cost estimation; and 2) there is a lack of integration and communication between those responsible for ROW cost estimating and those responsible for general project cost estimating. The research for this thesis was preceded by a literature review to establish the basis for the study. Data collection was completed through interviews of seven state highway agencies (SHAs) and two local public agencies (LPAs). The findings of the research are presented in a set of ROW flowcharts which document the steps, inputs, and outputs of the ROW cost estimation and cost estimate management process. Three ROW cost estimates and a cost management process take place throughout project development. An effort was made from the onset of the research to relate the ROW cost estimating and cost estimate management process to the first four project development phases (planning, programming. preliminary design, and final design). There are five flowcharts produced as a result of this research: 1) an agency-level flowchart showing all cost estimates and the interaction of ROW with the project development process; 2) a conceptual ROW cost estimating flowchart which depicts the required steps during planning; 3) a baseline ROW cost estimating flowchart which depicts the required steps during programming; 4) an update ROW cost estimating flowchart which depicts the required steps during preliminary design to include a cost estimate management loop; and 5) a ROW cost management flowchart which depicts the required steps during final design. Although selected SHA contacts provided input following the development of the flowcharts, the flowcharts were only validated to a limited extent due to time and budget constraints. These flowcharts attempt to address the two contributing problems to ROW cost escalation by providing structure to the ROW cost estimation process and by developing the ROW process flowcharts linked to the project development process. Based on the input provided by SHA contacts, the flowcharts appear to have the potential to provide guidance to SHAs in improving the accuracy of ROW cost estimates through addressing these two problems.

Lucas, Matthew Allen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

SDSS-III: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys of the Distant Universe, the Milky Way Galaxy, and Extra-Solar Planetary Systems  

SciTech Connect

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly{alpha} forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature of large scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z {approx} 2.5. SEGUE-2, a now-completed continuation of the Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration, measured medium-resolution (R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {ge} 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 {micro}m < {lambda} < 1.70 {micro}m) spectra of 10{sup 5} evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for {approx} 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s{sup -1}, {approx} 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of January 2011, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z {ge} 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8) in January 2011.

Eisenstein, Daniel J.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /Harvard U., Phys. Dept.; Weinberg, David H.; /Ohio State U.; Agol, Eric; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Aihara, Hiroaki; /Tokyo U.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; /Laguna U., Tenerife; Anderson, Scott F.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Arns, James A.; /Michigan U.; Aubourg, Eric; /APC, Paris /DAPNIA, Saclay; Bailey, Stephen; /LBL, Berkeley; Balbinot, Eduardo; /Rio Grande do Sul U. /Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Barkhouser, Robert; /Johns Hopkins U. /Michigan State U.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

SDSS-III: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys of the Distant Universe, the Milky Way Galaxy, and Extra-Solar Planetary Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly{alpha} forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature of large scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z Exploration, measured medium-resolution (R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {ge} 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 {micro}m < {lambda} < 1.70 {micro}m) spectra of 10{sup 5} evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for {approx} 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s{sup -1}, {approx} 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of January 2011, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z {ge} 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8) in January 2011.

Eisenstein, Daniel J.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /Harvard U., Phys. Dept.; Weinberg, David H.; /Ohio State U.; Agol, Eric; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Aihara, Hiroaki; /Tokyo U.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; /Laguna U., Tenerife; Anderson, Scott F.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Arns, James A.; /Michigan U.; Aubourg, Eric; /APC, Paris /DAPNIA, Saclay; Bailey, Stephen; /LBL, Berkeley; Balbinot, Eduardo; /Rio Grande do Sul U. /Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Barkhouser, Robert; /Johns Hopkins U. /Michigan State U.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the role of syringe dispensing machines and mobile van outlets in reaching hard-to-reach and high-risk groups of injecting drug users (IDUs): a review

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Harm Reduction Journal BioMed Central Commentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commentary on Vorobjov et al., "Comparison of injection drug users who obtain syringes from pharmacies and syringe exchange programs in Tallinn, Estonia"

Daniel Werb; Evan Wood

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Harmful Shunting Mechanisms Found in Silicon Solar Cells (Revised...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the degradation in open-circuit voltage and high dark currents in epitaxial silicon solar cells. The technique is also appli- cable to other PV technologies such as CIGS and...