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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Propagation Analysis of Electromagnetic Waves: Application to Auroral Kilometric Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 Propagation Analysis of Electromagnetic Waves: Application to Auroral Kilometric Radiation, containing waves which simultaneously propagate in different directions and/or wave modes the concept emission is found to propagate predominantly in the R-X mode with wave energy distributed in relatively

Santolik, Ondrej

2

Shapiro steps and stimulated radiation of electromagnetic waves due to Josephson oscillations in layered superconductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of layered high-temperature superconductors intrinsically behave as stacks of Josephson junctions. We analyze response of current-biased stack of intrinsic junctions to irradiation by the external electromagnetic (em) wave. In addition to well-known Shapiro steps in the current-voltage characteristics, irradiation promotes stimulated radiation which adds with spontaneous Josephson radiation from the crystal. Such enhancement of radiation from current-biased crystal may be used for amplification of em waves. Irradiation also facilitates synchronization of Josephson oscillations in all intrinsic Josephson junctions of a single crystal as well as oscillations in intrinsic junctions of different crystals.

Bulaevskii, L. N.; Kosehlev, A. E.; Tachiki, M.; Materials Science Division; LANL; Univ. of Tokyo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

The Emission of Electromagnetic Radiation from Charges Accelerated by Gravitational Waves and its Astrophysical Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide calculations and theoretical arguments supporting the emission of electromagnetic radiation from charged particles accelerated by gravitational waves (GWs). These waves have significant indirect evidence to support their existence, yet they interact weakly with ordinary matter. We show that the induced oscillations of charged particles interacting with a GW, which lead to the emission of electromagnetic radiation, will also result in wave attenuation. These ideas are supported by a small body of literature, as well as additional arguments for particle acceleration based on GW memory effects. We derive order of magnitude power calculations for various initial charge distributions accelerated by GWs. The resulting power emission is extremely small for all but very strong GWs interacting with large quantities of charge. If the results here are confirmed and supplemented, significant consequences such as attenuation of early universe GWs could result. Additionally, this effect could extend GW detection...

Revalski, Mitchell; Wickramasinghe, Thulsi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Emission of Electromagnetic Radiation from Charges Accelerated by Gravitational Waves and its Astrophysical Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide calculations and theoretical arguments supporting the emission of electromagnetic radiation from charged particles accelerated by gravitational waves (GWs). These waves have significant indirect evidence to support their existence, yet they interact weakly with ordinary matter. We show that the induced oscillations of charged particles interacting with a GW, which lead to the emission of electromagnetic radiation, will also result in wave attenuation. These ideas are supported by a small body of literature, as well as additional arguments for particle acceleration based on GW memory effects. We derive order of magnitude power calculations for various initial charge distributions accelerated by GWs. The resulting power emission is extremely small for all but very strong GWs interacting with large quantities of charge. If the results here are confirmed and supplemented, significant consequences such as attenuation of early universe GWs could result. Additionally, this effect could extend GW detection techniques into the electromagnetic regime. These explorations are worthy of study to determine the presence of such radiation, as it is extremely important to refine our theoretical framework in an era of active GW astrophysics.

Mitchell Revalski; Will Rhodes; Thulsi Wickramasinghe

2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

5

Electromagnetic Wave Dynamics in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possibilities for strong localization of electromagnetic radiation in a dense and ultracold atomic gas sample an ultracold atomic rubidium gas sample, showing the coherent backscattering cone. The angular width of electrical excita- tion of condensed samples.3 Ongoing experimental and theoretical research directed toward

6

Fractional Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present work we consider the electromagnetic wave equation in terms of the fractional derivative of the Caputo type. The order of the derivative being considered is 0 <\\gamma<1. A new parameter \\sigma, is introduced which characterizes the existence of the fractional components in the system. We analyze the fractional derivative with respect to time and space, for \\gamma = 1 and \\gamma = 1/2 cases.

J. F. Gómez; J. J. Rosales; J. J. Bernal; V. I. Tkach; M. Guía

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since radar involves the transmission, propagation and scattering of EM waves by various is the electrostatic force between two point charges. #12;Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves Electric fields

Rutledge, Steven

8

Scattering by an electromagnetic radiation field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion of test particles in the gravitational field associated with an electromagnetic plane wave is investigated. The interaction with the radiation field is modeled by a force term {\\it \\`a la} Poynting-Robertson entering the equations of motion given by the 4-momentum density of radiation observed in the particle's rest frame with a multiplicative constant factor expressing the strength of the interaction itself. Explicit analytical solutions are obtained. Scattering of fields by the electromagnetic wave, i.e., scalar (spin 0), massless spin $\\frac12$ and electromagnetic (spin 1) fields, is studied too.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

Impulsive cylindrical gravitational wave: one possible radiative form emitted from cosmic strings and corresponding electromagnetic response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmic strings(CSs) may be one important source of gravitational waves(GWs), and it has been intensively studied due to its special properties such as the cylindrical symmetry. The CSs would generate not only usual continuous GW, but also impulsive GW that brings more concentrated energy and consists of different GW components broadly covering low-, intermediate- and high-frequency bands simultaneously. These features might underlie interesting electromagnetic(EM) response to these GWs generated by the CSs. In this paper, with novel results and effects, we firstly calculate the analytical solutions of perturbed EM fields caused by interaction between impulsive cylindrical GWs (would be one of possible forms emitted from CSs) and background celestial high magnetic fields or widespread cosmological background magnetic fields, by using rigorous Einstein - Rosen metric. Results show: perturbed EM fields are also in the impulsive form accordant to the GW pulse, and asymptotic behaviors of the perturbed EM fields are fully consistent with the asymptotic behaviors of the energy density, energy flux density and Riemann curvature tensor of corresponding impulsive cylindrical GWs. The analytical solutions naturally give rise to the accumulation effect which is proportional to the term of distance^1/2, and based on it, we for the first time predict potentially observable effects in region of the Earth caused by the EM response to GWs from the CSs.

H. Wen; F. Y. Li; Z. Y. Fang; A. Beckwith

2014-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

10

I. What is electromagnetic radiation and the electromagnetic spectrum?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i­1 I. What is electromagnetic radiation and the electromagnetic spectrum? What do light, X effects on matter. This "stuff" is called electromagnetic radiation, because it travels (radiates) and has electrical and magnetic effects. Electromagnetic radiation is the means for many of our interactions

Sitko, Michael L.

11

Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER 2: Electromagnetic Radiation Principles REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions, creating convectional currents in the atmosphere. c) Electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic

Gilbes, Fernando

12

Electromagnetic radiation by gravitating bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitating bodies in motion, regardless of their constitution, always produce electromagnetic radiation in the form of photon pairs. This phenomenon is an analog of the radiation caused by the motion of dielectric (or magnetic) bodies. It is a member of a wide class of phenomena named dynamical Casimir effects, and it may be viewed as the squeezing of the electromagnetic vacuum. Production of photon pairs is a purely quantum-mechanical effect. Unfortunately, as we show, the emitted radiation is extremely weak as compared to radiation produced by other mechanisms.

Iwo Bialynicki-Birula; Zofia Bialynicka-Birula

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

13

Electromagnetic wave scattering by Schwarzschild black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the scattering of a planar monochromatic electromagnetic wave incident upon a Schwarzschild black hole. We obtain accurate numerical results from the partial wave method for the electromagnetic scattering cross section, and show that they are in excellent agreement with analytical approximations. The scattering of electromagnetic waves is compared with the scattering of scalar, spinor and gravitational waves. We present a unified picture of the scattering of all massless fields for the first time.

Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

14

Some Wave Equations for Electromagnetism and Gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper studies the inferences of wave equations for electromagnetic fields when there are gravitational fields at the same time. In the description with the algebra of octonions, the inferences of wave equations are identical with that in conventional electromagnetic theory with vector terminology. By means of the octonion exponential function, we can draw out that the electromagnetic waves are transverse waves in a vacuum, and rephrase the law of reflection, Snell's law, Fresnel formula, and total internal reflection etc. The study claims that the theoretical results of wave equations for electromagnetic strength keep unchanged in the case for coexistence of gravitational and electromagnetic fields. Meanwhile the electric and magnetic components of electromagnetic waves can not be determined simultaneously in electromagnetic fields.

Zi-Hua Weng

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

15

On Generating Gravity Waves with Matter and Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a homogeneous plane light-like shell collides head-on with a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave having a step-function profile then no backscattered gravitational waves are produced. We demonstrate, by explicit calculation, that if the matter is accompanied by a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave with a step-function profile then backscattered gravitational waves appear after the collision.

C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan

2008-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Nonlocal theory of electromagnetic wave decay into two electromagnetic waves in a rippled density plasma channel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric decay of a large amplitude electromagnetic wave into two electromagnetic modes in a rippled density plasma channel is investigated. The channel is taken to possess step density profile besides a density ripple of axial wave vector. The density ripple accounts for the momentum mismatch between the interacting waves and facilitates nonlinear coupling. For a given pump wave frequency, the requisite ripple wave number varies only a little w.r.t. the frequency of the low frequency decay wave. The radial localization of electromagnetic wave reduces the growth rate of the parametric instability. The growth rate decreases with the frequency of low frequency electromagnetic wave.

Sati, Priti; Tripathi, V. K. [Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, Delhi 110054 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electromagnetic signatures of far-field gravitational radiation in the 1+3 approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational waves from astrophysical sources can interact with background electromagnetic fields, giving rise to distinctive and potentially detectable electromagnetic signatures. In this paper, we study such interactions for far-field gravitational radiation using the 1+3 approach to relativity. Linearised equations for the electromagnetic field on perturbed Minkowski space are derived and solved analytically. The inverse Gertsenshtein conversion of gravitational waves in a static electromagnetic field is rederived, and the resultant electromagnetic radiation is shown to be significant for highly magnetised pulsars in compact binary systems. We also obtain a variety of nonlinear interference effects for interacting gravitational and electromagnetic waves, although wave-wave resonances previously described in the literature are absent when the electric-magnetic self-interaction is taken into account. The fluctuation and amplification of electromagnetic energy flux as the gravitational wave strength increases towards the gravitational-electromagnetic frequency ratio is a possible signature of gravitational radiation from extended astrophysical sources.

Alvin J. K. Chua; Priscilla Cañizares; Jonathan R. Gair

2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

18

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FROM A STRONG DC ELECTRIC FIELD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FROM A STRONG DC ELECTRIC FIELD Manuel G¨udel 1 and Donat G. Wentzel 2 1 accelerated by a strong dc electric field show not only very efficient generation of beam waves but also emission of o­mode radiation. We present a set of particle simulations for which we study the behavior

Guedel, Manuel

19

Inferring black hole charge from backscattered electromagnetic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the scattering cross section of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes for the case of an incident electromagnetic wave. We describe how scattering is affected by both the conversion of electromagnetic to gravitational radiation, and the parity-dependence of phase shifts induced by the black hole charge. The latter effect creates a helicity-reversed scattering amplitude that is non-zero in the backward direction. We show that from the character of the electromagnetic wave scattered in the backward direction it is possible, in principle, to infer if a static black hole is charged.

Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Atsushi Higuchi; Ednilton S. de Oliveira

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

20

Counting energy packets in the electromagnetic wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the concept of energy packets in respect to the energy transported by electromagnetic waves and we demonstrate that this physical quantity can be used in physical problems involving relativistic effects. This refined concept provides results compatible to those obtained by simpler definition of energy density when relativistic effects apply to the free electromagnetic waves. We found this concept further compatible to quantum theory perceptions and we show how it could be used to conciliate between different physical approaches including the classical electromagnetic wave theory, the special relativity and the quantum theories.

Stefan Popescu; Bernhard Rothenstein

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

On the gravitational fields created by the electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the Maxwell equations describing an electromagnetic wave are a mathematical consequence of the Einstein equations for the same wave. This fact is significant for the problem of the Einsteinian metrics corresponding to the electromagnetic waves.

A. Loinger; T. Marsico

2011-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

Electromagnetic Waves in the De Sitter Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5-Dimensional wave equation for a massive particle of spin 1 in the background of de Sitter space-time model is solved in static coordinates. The spherical 5-dimensional vectors $A_{a}, a= 1,...,5$ of three types, $j,j+1, j-1$ are constructed. In massless case they give electromagnetic wave solutions, obeying the Lorentz condition. 5-form of equations in massless case is used to produce recipe to build electromagnetic wave solutions of the types $\\Pi, E,M$; the first is trivial and can be removed by a gauge ransformation. The recipe is specified to produce spherical $\\Pi, E, M$ solutions in static coordinates.

V. S. Otchik; V. M. Red'kov

2010-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Electromagnetic waves, gravitational coupling and duality analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter we introduce a particular solution for parallel electric and magnetic fields, in a gravitational background, which satisfy free-wave equations and the phenomenology suggested by astrophysical plasma physics. These free-wave equations are computed such that the electric field does not induce the magnetic field and vice-versa. In a gravitational field, we analyze the Maxwell equations and the corresponding electromagnetic waves. A continuity equation is presented. A commutative and noncommutative analysis of the electromagnetic duality is described.

E. M. C. Abreu; C. Pinheiro; S. A. Diniz; F. C. Khanna

2005-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Name of the Presentation Fundamental Properties of Electromagnetic RadiationFundamental Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a continuous spectrum of energy from gamma rays to radio waves. The visible portion of the spectrum may to radio waves. The visible portion of the spectrum may be measured using wavelength (measured between the Sun and the Earth. Electromagnetic Spectrum Electromagnetic Spectrum The Sun produces

25

Electromagnetic Radiations as a Fluid Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We combine Maxwell's equations with Eulers's equation, related to a velocity field of an immaterial fluid, where the density of mass is replaced by a charge density. We come out with a differential system able to describe a relevant quantity of electromagnetic phenomena, ranging from classical dipole waves to solitary wave-packets with compact support. The clue is the construction of an energy tensor summing up both the electromagnetic stress and a suitable mass tensor. With this right-hand side, explicit solutions of the full Einstein's equation are computed for a wide class of wave phenomena. Since our electromagnetic waves may behave and interact exactly as a material fluid, they can create vortex structures. We then explicitly analyze some vortex ring configurations and examine the possibility to build a model for the electron.

Daniele Funaro

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

26

Emergent cosmological constant from colliding electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study we advocate the view that the cosmological constant is of electromagnetic (em) origin, which can be generated from the collision of em shock waves coupled with gravitational shock waves. The wave profiles that participate in the collision have different amplitudes. It is shown that, circular polarization with equal amplitude waves does not generate cosmological constant. We also prove that the generation of the cosmological constant is related to the linear polarization. The addition of cross polarization generates no cosmological constant. Depending on the value of the wave amplitudes, the generated cosmological constant can be positive or negative. We show additionally that, the collision of nonlinear em waves in a particular class of Born-Infeld theory also yields a cosmological constant.

M. Halilsoy; S. Habib Mazharimousavi; O. Gurtug

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

The momentum of an electromagnetic wave inside a dielectric  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of assigning a momentum to an electromagnetic wave packet propagating inside an insulator has become known under the name of the Abraham–Minkowski controversy. In the present paper we re-examine this issue making the hypothesis that the forces exerted on an insulator by an electromagnetic field do not distinguish between polarization and free charges. Under this assumption we show that the Abraham expression for the radiation mechanical momentum is highly favored. -- Highlights: •We discuss an approximation to treat electrodynamics of a dielectric material. •We support the Abraham form for the electromagnetic momentum. •We deduce Snell’s law from the conservation of the Abraham momentum. •We show how to deal with the electric field discontinuity at the dielectric boundary.

Testa, Massimo, E-mail: massimo.testa@roma1.infn.it

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Electromagnetic waves with nonlinear dispersion law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Last year physicists in Europe have measured the velocity of the neutrinos particles. They found the neutrinos moving faster than the speed of light in vacuum. This result means that Einstein's relativity principle and its consequences in modern physics need a global additional renovation. In present paper the part of this problem is considered in terms of basic Maxwell's method only. By means of introduction a diffusion like displacement current the new super wave equation was derived, which permits of its solution be described the electromagnetic waves moving some faster than the conventional speed of light in vacuum especially in a gamma ray of a very short wave length region. The unique properties of these waves are that they undergo nonlinear dispersion law, uppermost limit of which is restricted. Discussion of further experimental problems and a number of estimations are given for the macro physic super wave equations also.

Pavel Mednis

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

Division of the momentum of electromagnetic waves in linear media into electromagnetic and material parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proposed a natural and consistent division of the momentum of electromagnetic waves in linear, non-dispersive and non-absorptive dielectric and magnetic media into material and electromagnetic parts. The material part is calculated using directly the Lorentz force law and the electromagnetic momentum density has the same form than in vacuum, without an explicit dependence on the properties of the media. The consistency of the treatment is verified through the obtention of a correct momentum balance equation in many examples and showing the compatibility of the division with the Einstein's theory of relativity by the use of a gedanken experiment. An experimental prediction for the radiation pressure on mirrors immersed in linear dielectric and magnetic media is also made.

Pablo L. Saldanha

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

30

Division of the momentum of electromagnetic waves in linear media into electromagnetic and material parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proposed a natural and consistent division of the momentum of electromagnetic waves in linear, non-dispersive and non-absorptive dielectric and magnetic media into material and electromagnetic parts. The material part is calculated using directly the Lorentz force law and the electromagnetic momentum density has the same form than in vacuum, without an explicit dependence on the properties of the media. The consistency of the treatment is verified through the obtention of a correct momentum balance equation in many examples and showing the compatibility of the division with the Einstein's theory of relativity by the use of a gedanken experiment. An experimental prediction for the radiation pressure on mirrors immersed in linear dielectric and magnetic media is also made.

Saldanha, Pablo L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Acceleration and Classical Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical radiation from an accelerated charge is reviewed along with the reciprocal topic of accelerated observers detecting radiation from a static charge. This review commemerates Bahram Mashhoon's 60th birthday.

E. N. Glass

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

Electromagnetic wave scattering by small bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A reduction of the Maxwell's system to a Fredholm second-kind integral equation with weakly singular kernel is given for electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by one and many small bodies. This equation is solved asymptotically as the characteristic size of the bodies tends to zero. The technique developed is used for solving the many-body EM wave scattering problem by rigorously reducing it to solving linear algebraic systems, completely bypassing the usage of integral equations. An equation is derived for the effective field in the medium, in which many small particles are embedded. A method for creating a desired refraction coefficient is outlined.

A. G. Ramm

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Electromagnetic waves in a polydisperse dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of low-frequency electromagnetic waves in a polydisperse dusty plasma are studied. The dispersion relation for the waves propagating at an arbitrary angle to the external magnetic field is derived, with the coefficients explicitly determined by the dust-size distribution function. The dependence of wave dispersion on properties of the dust-size distribution function is analysed. It is shown that the cutoff for an oblique propagation in plasma with a wide scatter of dust sizes takes place at a much lower frequency than in a plasma with monosized dust particles. It is found that dispersion properties of a transversal magnetosonic wave mode around dust–cyclotron frequencies considerably differ from those in a plasma with monosized dust. In a plasma with low mass fraction of dust particles, the dispersion is smooth without the cutoff and the resonance intrinsic for a plasma with monosized dust. Increase of the dust fraction results in splitting of the dispersion curve on to two branches. Further increase of the dust fraction leads to emergence of the third branch located between the cutoffs and restricted from the lower and higher frequencies by two resonances. The dependence of the frequencies of cutoffs and resonances on the width of the dust-size distribution, its slope and the dust mass fraction are analysed. It is shown that the transparency frequency windows in a plasma with polydisperse dust are wider for transversal elecromagnetic waves, but narrower for longitudinal or oblique waves.

Prudskikh, V. V.; Shchekinov, Yu. A. [Department of Physics, Southern Federal University, Rostov on Don 344090 (Russian Federation)] [Department of Physics, Southern Federal University, Rostov on Don 344090 (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Electromagnetic wave scattering by many small particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scattering of electromagnetic waves by many small particles of arbitrary shapes is reduced rigorously to solving linear algebraic system of equations bypassing the usual usage of integral equations. The matrix elements of this linear algebraic system have physical meaning. They are expressed in terms of the electric and magnetic polarizability tensors. Analytical formulas are given for calculation of these tensors with any desired accuracy for homogeneous bodies of arbitrary shapes. An idea to create a "smart" material by embedding many small particles in a given region is formulated.

A. G. Ramm

2006-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electromagnetic wave scattering by many conducting small particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A rigorous theory of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by small perfectly conducting particles is developed. The limiting case when the number of particles tends to infinity is discussed.

A. G. Ramm

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

36

Electromagnetic wave propagation in a random distribution of C{sub 60} molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in a random distribution of C{sub 60} molecules are investigated, within the framework of the classical electrodynamics. Electronic excitations over the each C{sub 60} molecule surface are modeled by a spherical layer of electron gas represented by two interacting fluids, which takes into account the different nature of the ? and ? electrons. It is found that the present medium supports four modes of electromagnetic waves, where they can be divided into two groups: one group with shorter wavelength than the light waves of the same frequency and the other with longer wavelength than the free-space radiation.

Moradi, Afshin, E-mail: a.moradi@kut.ac.ir [Department of Engineering Physics, Kermanshah University of Technology, Kermanshah, Iran and Department of Nano Sciences, Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM), Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

Detecting excess ionizing radiation by electromagnetic breakdown of air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scheme is proposed for detecting a concealed source of ionizing radiation by observing the occurrence of breakdown in atmospheric air by an electromagnetic wave whose electric field surpasses the breakdown field in a limited volume. The volume is chosen to be smaller than the reciprocal of the naturally occurring concentration of free electrons. The pulse duration of the electromagnetic wave must exceed the avalanche breakdown time (10-200 ns) and could profitably be as long as the statistical lag time in ambient air (typically, microseconds). Candidate pulsed electromagnetic sources over a wavelength range, 3 mm>{lambda}>10.6 {mu}m, are evaluated. Suitable candidate sources are found to be a 670 GHz gyrotron oscillator with 200 kW, 10 {mu}s output pulses and a Transversely Excited Atmospheric-Pressure (TEA) CO{sub 2} laser with 30 MW, 100 ns output pulses. A system based on 670 GHz gyrotron would have superior sensitivity. A system based on the TEA CO{sub 2} laser could have a longer range >100 m.

Granatstein, Victor L.; Nusinovich, Gregory S. [Center for Applied Electromagnetics, Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations Pavel Popovich, W. Anthony Cooper in a plasma strongly depends on the frequency, therefore the tools used for wave propagation studies are very that will allow for the calculation of the fields and energy deposition of a low-frequency wave propagating

39

Surface electromagnetic wave equations in a warm magnetized quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the single-fluid plasma model, a theoretical investigation of surface electromagnetic waves in a warm quantum magnetized inhomogeneous plasma is presented. The surface electromagnetic waves are assumed to propagate on the plane between a vacuum and a warm quantum magnetized plasma. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic model includes quantum diffraction effect (Bohm potential), and quantum statistical pressure is used to derive the new dispersion relation of surface electromagnetic waves. And the general dispersion relation is analyzed in some special cases of interest. It is shown that surface plasma oscillations can be propagated due to quantum effects, and the propagation velocity is enhanced. Furthermore, the external magnetic field has a significant effect on surface wave's dispersion equation. Our work should be of a useful tool for investigating the physical characteristic of surface waves and physical properties of the bounded quantum plasmas.

Li, Chunhua; Yang, Weihong [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Wu, Zhengwei, E-mail: wuzw@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Center of Low Temperature Plasma Application, Yunnan Aerospace Industry Company, Kunming, 650229 Yunnan (China); Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

"Millikan oil drops" as quantum transducers between electromagnetic and gravitational radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pairs of Planck-mass-scale drops of superfluid helium coated by electrons (i.e., "Millikan oil drops"), when levitated in the presence of strong magnetic fields and at low temperatures, can be efficient quantum transducers between electromagnetic (EM) and gravitational (GR) radiation. A Hertz-like experiment, in which EM waves are converted at the source into GR waves, and then back-converted at the receiver from GR waves back into EM waves, should be practical to perform. This would open up observations of the gravity-wave analog of the Cosmic Microwave Background from the extremely early Big Bang, and also communications directly through the interior of the Earth.

Raymond Y. Chiao

2007-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The modified electromagnetism and the emergent longitudinal wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical theory of electromagnetism has been revisited and the possibility of longitudinal photon wave is explored. It is shown that the emergence of longitudinal wave is a consequence of Lorenz gauge (condition) violation. Proca, Vlaenderen & Waser and Arbab theories are investigated.

Arbab I Arbab; Mudhahir Al-Ajmi

2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

42

Reflection of electromagnetic waves from mixtures of plane gravitational and scalar waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider colliding wave packets consisting of hybrid mixtures of electromagnetic, gravitational and scalar waves. Irrespective of the scalar field, the electromagnetic wave still reflects from the gravitational wave. Some reflection processes are given for different choice of packets in which the Coulomb-like component $\\Psi_2$ vanishes. Exact solution for multiple reflection of an electromagnetic wave from successive impulsive gravitational waves is obtained in a closed form. It is shown that a succesive sign flip in the Maxwell spinor arises as a result of encountering with an impulsive train (i.e. the Dirac's comb curvature) of gravitational waves. Such an observable effect may be helpful in the detection of gravitational wave bursts.

Ozay Gurtug; Mustafa Halilsoy; Ozlem Unver

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

Behavior of Electric Current Subjected to ELF Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational effects produced by ELF electromagnetic radiation upon the electric current in a conductor are studied. An apparatus has been constructed to test the behavior of current subjected to ELF radiation. The experimental results are in agreement with theoretical predictions and show that ELF radiation can cause transitory interruptions in electric current conduction.

Fran De Aquino

2002-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

44

Electromagnetic waves and Stokes parameters in the wake of a gravitational wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical description of electromagnetic waves in the background of a (weak) gravitational wave is presented. Explicit expressions are obtained for the Stokes parameters during the passage of a plane-fronted gravitational wave described by the Ehlers-Kundt metric. In particular, it is shown that the axis of the polarization ellipse oscillates, its ellipticity remaining constant.

Shahen Hacyan

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Reverse Time Migration for Extended Obstacles: Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new single frequency reverse time migration (RTM) algorithm for imaging extended targets using electromagnetic waves. The imaging functional is defined as the imaginary part of the cross-correlation of the Green function for Helmholtz equation and the back-propagated electromagnetic field. The resolution of our RTM method for both penetrable and non-penetrable extended targets is studied by virtue of Helmholtz-Kirchhoff identity for the time-harmonic Maxwell equation. The analysis implies that our imaging functional is always positive and thus may have better stability properties. Numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the powerful imaging quality and confirm our theoretical results.

Junqing Chen; Zhiming Chen; Guanghui Huang

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Matter Wave Radiation Leading to Matter Teleportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of matter wave radiation is put forward, and its equation is established for the first time. The formalism solution shows that the probability density is a function of displacement and time. A free particle and a two-level system are reinvestigated considering the effect of matter wave radiation. Three feasible experimental designs, especially a modified Stern-Gerlach setup, are proposed to verify the existence of matter wave radiation. Matter wave radiation effect in relativity has been formulated in only a raw formulae, which offers another explanation of Lamb shift. A possible mechanics of matter teleportation is predicted due to the effect of matter wave radiation.

Yong-Yi Huang

2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation detector using micromechanical sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation is detected by micromechanical sensors that can be coated with various interactive materials. As the micromechanical sensors absorb radiation, the sensors bend and/or undergo a shift in resonance characteristics. The bending and resonance changes are detected with high sensitivity by any of several detection methods including optical, capacitive, and piezoresistive methods. Wide bands of the electromagnetic spectrum can be imaged with picoJoule sensitivity, and specific absorptive coatings can be used for selective sensitivity in specific wavelength bands. Microcantilevers coated with optical cross-linking polymers are useful as integrating optical radiation dosimeters. Nuclear radiation dosimetry is possible by fabricating cantilevers from materials that are sensitive to various nuclear particles or radiation. Upon exposure to radiation, the cantilever bends due to stress and its resonance frequency shifts due to changes in elastic properties, based on cantilever shape and properties of the coating.

Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN); Warmack, Robert J. (Knoxville, TN); Wachter, Eric A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Electromagnetic waves and electron anisotropies downstream of supercritical interplanetary shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present waveform observations of electromagnetic lower hybrid and whistler waves with f_ci 1.01. Thus, the whistler mode waves appear to be driven by a heat flux instability and cause perpendicular heating of the halo electrons. The lower hybrid waves show a much weaker correlation between \\partialB and normalized heat flux magnitude and are often observed near magnetic field gradients. A third type of event shows fluctuations consistent with a mixture of both lower hybrid and whistler mode waves. These results suggest that whistler waves may indeed be regulating the electron heat flux and the halo temperature anisotropy, which is important for theories and simulations of electron distribution evolution from the sun to the earth.

Wilson, L B; Szabo, A; Breneman, A; Cattell, C A; Goetz, K; Kellogg, P J; Kersten, K; Kasper, J C; Maruca, B A; Pulupa, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Graphene as a high impedance surface for ultra-wideband electromagnetic waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metals are regularly used as reflectors of electromagnetic fields emitted by antennas ranging from microwaves up to THz. To enhance the reflection and thus the gain of the antenna, metallic high impedance surfaces (HIS) are used. HIS is a planar array of continuous metallic periodic cell surfaces able to suppress surface waves, which cause multipath interference and backward radiation in a narrow bandwidth near the cell resonance. Also, the image currents are reduced, and therefore the antenna can be placed near the HIS. We demonstrate that graphene is acting as a HIS surface in a very large bandwidth, from microwave to THz, suppressing the radiation leakages better than a metal.

Aldrigo, Martino; Costanzo, Alessandra [Department of Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering “Guglielmo Marconi” – DEI, University of Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento, 2, 40132 Bologna (Italy); Dragoman, Mircea [National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnology (IMT), P.O. Box 38-160, 023573 Bucharest (Romania); Dragoman, Daniela [Department of Physics, University of Bucharest, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125 Bucharest (Romania)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Influence of Absorbers on the Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenon of the electromagnetic absorption by arbitrarily distributed discrete absorbers is analyzed from the photon point of view. It is shown that apart from the decrease in the intensity of the signal the net effect of absorption includes a relative increase in the photon bunching.

Budko, Neil V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Influence of Absorbers on the Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenon of the electromagnetic absorption by arbitrarily distributed discrete absorbers is analyzed from the photon point of view. It is shown that apart from the decrease in the intensity of the signal the net effect of absorption includes a relative increase in the photon bunching.

Neil V. Budko

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

52

Gradient instabilities of electromagnetic waves in Hall thruster plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a linear analysis of gradient plasma instabilities in Hall thrusters. The study obtains and analyzes the dispersion equation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves based on the two-fluid model of a cold plasma. The regions of parameters corresponding to unstable high frequency modes are determined and the dependence of the increments and intrinsic frequencies on plasma parameters is obtained. The obtained results agree with those of previously published studies.

Tomilin, Dmitry [Department of Electrophysics, Keldysh Research Centre, Moscow 125438 (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Surface wave chemical detector using optical radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A surface wave chemical detector comprising at least one surface wave substrate, each of said substrates having a surface wave and at least one measurable surface wave parameter; means for exposing said surface wave substrate to an unknown sample of at least one chemical to be analyzed, said substrate adsorbing said at least one chemical to be sensed if present in said sample; a source of radiation for radiating said surface wave substrate with different wavelengths of said radiation, said surface wave parameter being changed by said adsorbing; and means for recording signals representative of said surface wave parameter of each of said surface wave substrates responsive to said radiation of said different wavelengths, measurable changes of said parameter due to adsorbing said chemical defining a unique signature of a detected chemical.

Thundat, Thomas G.; Warmack, Robert J.

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

54

Modulational instability of electromagnetic waves in a collisional quantum magnetoplasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The modulational instability of right-hand circularly polarized electromagnetic electron cyclotron (CPEM-EC) wave in a magnetized quantum plasma is studied taking into account the collisional effects. Employing quantum hydrodynamic and nonlinear Schrödinger equations, the dispersion relation of modulated CPEM-EC wave in a collisional plasma has been derived. It is found that this wave is unstable in such a plasma system and the growth rate of the associated instability depends on various parameters such as electron Fermi temperature, plasma number density, collision frequency, and modulation wavenumber. It is shown that while the increase of collision frequency leads to increase of the growth rate of instability, especially at large wavenumber limit, the increase of plasma number density results in more stable modulated CPEM-EC wave. It is also found that in contrast to collisionless plasma in which modulational instability is restricted to small wavenumbers, in collisional plasma, the interval of instability occurrence can be extended to a large domain.

Niknam, A. R., E-mail: a-niknam@sbu.ac.ir [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rastbood, E.; Bafandeh, F.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M., E-mail: smkhorashadi@birjand.ac.ir [Physics Department of Birjand University, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Stratified Shear Flow: Instability and Wave Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stratified Shear Flow: Instability and Wave Radiation B. R. Sutherland Dept. Mathematical of internal waves in the atmosphere and ocean, but the evolution of the shear layer itself is significantly

Sutherland, Bruce

56

Screening of electromagnetic field fluctuations by s--wave and d--wave superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate theoretically the shielding of the electromagnetic field fluctuations by s-wave and d-wave superconductors within the framework of macroscopic quantum electrodynamics. The spin flip lifetime is evaluated above a niobium and a bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide (BSCCO) surface, and the screening effect is studied as a function of the thickness of the superconducting layer. Further, we study the different temperature dependence of the atomic spin relaxation above the two superconductors.

Rachele Fermani; Stefan Scheel

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

57

Pion light-front wave function, parton distribution and the electromagnetic form factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a light-front wave function of the pion, which reproduces its valence parton distribution and a electromagnetic form factor consistent with data.

Thomas Gutsche; Valery E. Lyubovitskij; Ivan Schmidt; Alfredo Vega

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

58

Energy harvesting devices for harvesting energy from terahertz electromagnetic radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

Novack, Steven D.; Kotter, Dale K.; Pinhero, Patrick J.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

Structures, systems and methods for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

Novack, Steven D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID); Pinhero, Patrick J. (Columbia, MO)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

60

Apparatus and method for enhanced chemical processing in high pressure and atmospheric plasmas produced by high frequency electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for creating high temperature plasmas for enhanced chemical processing of gaseous fluids, toxic chemicals, and the like, at a wide range of pressures, especially at atmospheric and high pressures includes an electro-magnetic resonator cavity, preferably a reentrant cavity, and a wave guiding structure which connects an electro-magnetic source to the cavity. The cavity includes an intake port and an exhaust port, each having apertures in the conductive walls of the cavity sufficient for the intake of the gaseous fluids and for the discharge of the processed gaseous fluids. The apertures are sufficiently small to prevent the leakage of the electro-magnetic radiation from the cavity. Gaseous fluid flowing from the direction of the electro-magnetic source through the guiding wave structure and into the cavity acts on the plasma to push it away from the guiding wave structure and the electro-magnetic source. The gaseous fluid flow confines the high temperature plasma inside the cavity and allows complete chemical processing of the gaseous fluids at a wide range of pressures.

Efthimion, Philip C. (Bedminister, NJ); Helfritch, Dennis J. (Flemington, NJ)

1989-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Electromagnetic wave propagation through an overdense magnetized collisional plasma layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of investigations into the feasibility of using a magnetic window to propagate electromagnetic waves through a finite-sized overdense plasma slab are described. We theoretically calculate the transmission coefficients for right- and left-handed circularly polarized plane waves through a uniform magnetized plasma slab. Using reasonable estimates for the plasma properties expected to be found in the ionized shock layer surrounding a hypersonic aircraft traveling in the earth's upper atmosphere (radio blackout conditions), and assuming a 1 GHz carrier frequency for the radio communications channel, we find that the required magnetic field for propagation of right-handed circularly polarized, or whistler, waves is on the order of a few hundred gauss. Transmission coefficients are calculated as a function of sheath thickness and are shown to be quite sensitive to the electron collision frequency. One-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are shown to be in good agreement with the theory. These simulations also demonstrate that Ohmic heating of the electrons can be considerable. Two- and three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations using a simplified waveguide and antenna model illustrate the same general transmission behavior as the theory and one-dimensional simulations. In addition, a net focusing effect due to the plasma is also observed in two and three dimensions. These simulations can be extended to design and analyze more realistic waveguide and antenna models.

Thoma, C.; Rose, D. V.; Miller, C. L.; Clark, R. E.; Hughes, T. P. [Voss Scientific LLC, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108 (United States)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Particle dynamics and deviation effects in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some strong field effects on test particle motion associated with the propagation of a plane electromagnetic wave in the exact theory of general relativity are investigated. Two different profiles of the associated radiation flux are considered in comparison, corresponding to either constant or oscillating electric and magnetic fields with respect to a natural family of observers. These are the most common situations to be experimentally explored, and have a well known counterpart in the flat spacetime limit. The resulting line elements are determined by a single metric function, which turns out to be expressed in terms of standard trigonometric functions in the case of a constant radiation flux, and in terms of special functions in the case of oscillating flux, leading to different features of test particle motion. The world line deviation between both uncharged and charged particles on different spacetime trajectories due to the combined effect of gravitational and electromagnetic forces is studied. The interaction of charged particles with the background radiation field is also discussed through a general relativistic description of the inverse Compton effect. Motion as well as deviation effects on particles endowed with spin are studied too. Special situations may occur in which the direction of the spin vector change during the interaction, leading to obsevables effects like spin-flip.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Maria Haney; Antonello Ortolan

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

63

Nanofocusing of mid-infrared electromagnetic waves on graphene monolayer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanofocusing of mid-infrared (MIR) electromagnetic waves on graphene monolayer with gradient chemical potential is investigated with numerical simulation. On an isolated freestanding monolayer graphene sheet with spatially varied chemical potential, the focusing spot sizes of frequencies between 44 THz and 56 THz can reach around 1.6?nm and the intensity enhancement factors are between 2178 and 654. For 56 THz infrared, a group velocity as slow as 5×10{sup ?5} times of the light speed in vacuum is obtained at the focusing point. When the graphene sheet is placed on top of an aluminum oxide substrate, the focusing spot size of 56 THz infrared reduces to 1.1?nm and the intensity enhancement factor is still as high as 220. This structure offers an approach for focusing light in the MIR regime beyond the diffraction limit without complicated device geometry engineering.

Qiu, Weibin, E-mail: wbqiu@hqu.edu.cn, E-mail: wqiu@semi.ac.cn [College of Information Science and Engineering, National Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian (China); Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, 100083 Beijing (China); Liu, Xianhe; Zhao, Jing; He, Shuhong; Ma, Yuhui; Wang, Jia-Xian [College of Information Science and Engineering, National Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian (China); Pan, Jiaoqing [Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, 100083 Beijing (China)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

64

Beams of electromagnetic radiation carrying angular momentum: The Riemann-Silberstein vector and the classical-quantum correspondence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All beams of electromagnetic radiation are made of photons. Therefore, it is important to find a precise relationship between the classical properties of the beam and the quantum characteristics of the photons that make a particular beam. It is shown that this relationship is best expressed in terms of the Riemann-Silberstein vector -- a complex combination of the electric and magnetic field vectors -- that plays the role of the photon wave function. The Whittaker representation of this vector in terms of a single complex function satisfying the wave equation greatly simplifies the analysis. Bessel beams, exact Laguerre-Gauss beams, and other related beams of electromagnetic radiation can be described in a unified fashion. The appropriate photon quantum numbers for these beams are identified. Special emphasis is put on the angular momentum of a single photon and its connection with the angular momentum of the beam.

Iwo Bialynicki-Birula; Zofia Bialynicka-Birula

2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

65

Electromagnetic radiation in a time-varying background medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical solutions are presented for the electromagnetic radiation by an arbitrary pulsed source into a homogeneous time-varying background medium. In the constant-impedance case an explicit radiation formula is obtained for the synchronous permittivity and permeability described by any positive function of time. As might be expected, such a medium introduces significant spectral shifts and spatio-temporal modulation, which are analized here for the linear and exponential time-variations of the medium parameters. In the varying-impedance case the solution is obtained for the fourth-order polynomial time-dependence of the permittivity. In addition to the spectral shifts and modulation this spatially homogeneous medium scatters the field introducing causal echoes at the receiver location.

Budko, Neil V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Efficient Coupling of Thermal Electron Bernstein Waves to the Ordinary Electromagnetic Mode on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient coupling of thermal electron Bernstein waves (EBW) to ordinary mode (Omode) electromagnetic radiation has been measured in plasmas heated by energetic neutral beams and high harmonic fast waves in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) [M. Ono, S. Kaye, M. Peng, et al., Proceedings 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (IAEA, Vienna, Austria, 1999), Vol.3, p. 1135]. The EBW to electromagnetic mode coupling efficiency was measured to be 0.8 {+-} 0.2, compared to a numerical EBW modeling prediction of 0.65. The observation of efficient EBW coupling to O-mode, in relatively good agreement with numerical modeling, is a necessary prerequisite for implementing a proposed high power EBW current drive system on NSTX.

G. Taylor; P.C. Efthimion; B.P. LeBlanc; M.D. Carter; J.B. Caughman; J.B. Wilgen; J. Preinhaelter; R.W. Harvey; S.A. Sabbagh

2005-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

67

Tracing the geometry around a massive, axisymmetric body to measure, through gravitational waves, its mass moments and electromagnetic moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The geometry around a rotating massive body, which carries charge and electrical currents, could be described by its multipole moments (mass moments, mass-current moments, electric moments, and magnetic moments). When a small body is orbiting this massive body, it will move on geodesics, at least for a time interval that is short with respect to the characteristic time of the binary due to gravitational radiation. By monitoring the waves emitted by the small body we are actually tracing the geometry of the central object, and hence, in principle, we can infer all its multipole moments. This paper is a generalization of previous similar results by Ryan. The fact that the electromagnetic moments of spacetime can be measured demonstrates that one can obtain information about the electromagnetic field purely from gravitational wave analysis. Additionally, these measurements could be used as a test of the no-hair theorem for black holes.

T. P. Sotiriou; T. A. Apostolatos

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

68

Electromagnetic waves destabilized by runaway electrons in near-critical electric fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Runaway electron distributions are strongly anisotropic in velocity space. This anisotropy is a source of free energy that may destabilize electromagnetic waves through a resonant interaction between the waves and the energetic electrons. In this work, we investigate the high-frequency electromagnetic waves that are destabilized by runaway electron beams when the electric field is close to the critical field for runaway acceleration. Using a runaway electron distribution appropriate for the near-critical case, we calculate the linear instability growth rate of these waves and conclude that the obliquely propagating whistler waves are most unstable. We show that the frequencies, wave numbers, and propagation angles of the most unstable waves depend strongly on the magnetic field. Taking into account collisional and convective damping of the waves, we determine the number density of runaways that is required to destabilize the waves and show its parametric dependences.

Komar, A.; Pokol, G. I. [Department of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Association EURATOM, H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Fueloep, T. [Department of Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology and Euratom-VR Association, Goeteborg (Sweden)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

THE BIANCHI IDENTITIES, ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES, AND CHARGE CONSERVATION IN THE P(4) THEORY OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF GRAVITATION AND ELECTROMAGNETISM J. H. Chilton and K. S. Hammon Department of Physics North Carolina State, namely the affine geometry of the P(4) = O(1, 3) R4 theory of gravitation and electromag- netism (Norris) theory one obtains a conservation law and a wave equation for the electromagnetic field that parallels

Norris, Larry K.

70

Computer simulations for direct conversion of the HF electromagnetic wave into the upper hybrid wave in ionospheric heating experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer simulations for direct conversion of the HF electromagnetic wave into the upper hybrid emissions (SEE). A direct conversion process is proposed as an excitation mech- anism of the upper hybrid, 1996) The electrostatic waves at the UH resonance were assumed to be excited via ``direct conversion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Red shift in spectra of galaxies as a consequence of gravitational radiation of the same level as electromagnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In elaboration of the results presented earlier the red shift is also regarded in this investigation as a widening of electromagnetic radiation spectra, determined by the existence of gravitational radiation of a banded spectrum of the same level as electromagnetic.

S. I. Fisenko; I. S. Fisenko

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Electromagnetic wave scattering by small perfectly conducting particles and applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A formula for the electromagnetic (EM) field in the medium, in which many small perfectly conducting particles of an arbitrary shape are distributed, is derived.

Alexander G. Ramm

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

73

Trapping of electrons in troughs of self generated electromagnetic standing waves in a bounded plasma column  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations and measurements are reported on electron trapping in troughs of self-generated electromagnetic standing waves in a bounded plasma column confined in a minimum-B field. The boundaries are smaller than the free space wavelength of the waves. Earlier work of researchers primarily focused upon electron localization effects induced by purely electrostatic perturbation. We demonstrate the possibility in the presence of electromagnetic standing waves generated in the bounded plasma column. The electron trapping is verified with electrostatic measurements of the plasma floating potential, electromagnetic measurements of the wave field profile, and optical intensity measurements of Argon ionic line at 488?nm. The experimental results show a reasonably good agreement with predictions of a Monte Carlo simulation code that takes into account all kinematical and dynamical effects in the plasma in the presence of bounded waves and external fields.

Bhattacharjee, Sudeep; Sahu, Debaprasad; Pandey, Shail; Chatterjee, Sanghomitro [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India)] [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Dey, Indranuj [Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga Kouen 6-1, Kasuga City 816-8580 (Japan)] [Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga Kouen 6-1, Kasuga City 816-8580 (Japan); Roy Chowdhury, Krishanu [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex System, Dresden 01187 (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex System, Dresden 01187 (Germany)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

STIMULATED ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS BY HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMPING OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STIMULATED ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS BY HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMPING OF THE IONOSPHERIC.S.A. Abstract. A high frequency electromagnetic pump wave transmitted into the ionospheric plasma from the ground can stimulate electromagnetic radiation with frequencies around that of the ionospher- ically

75

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and M. V. Fistul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E localized states discrete breathers and linear electromagnetic excitations EE's in Josephson junction lattices 6 , and localized resistive states in Josephson junction arrays 7­10 . The latter systems

Flach, Sergej

76

Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma P.5 03BCs) is launched into a subcritical argon plasma (ne ~1011 cm-3, P0 ~ 5 10-4 Torr), resulting.35 1. Introduction. Our purpose is to study the ion acoustic wave excited in a subcritical plasma

Boyer, Edmond

77

Self-generation and management of spin-electromagnetic wave solitons and chaos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-generation of microwave spin-electromagnetic wave envelope solitons and chaos has been observed and studied. For the investigation, we used a feedback active ring oscillator based on artificial multiferroic, which served as a nonlinear waveguide. We show that by increasing the wave amplification in the feedback ring circuit, a transition from monochromatic auto-generation to soliton train waveform and then to dynamical chaos occurs in accordance with the Ruelle-Takens scenario. Management of spin-electromagnetic-wave solitons and chaos parameters by both dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability of the multiferroic waveguiding structure is demonstrated.

Ustinov, Alexey B.; Kondrashov, Alexandr V.; Nikitin, Andrey A.; Kalinikos, Boris A. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

Heating of ions by high frequency electromagnetic waves in magnetized plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heating of ions by high frequency electrostatic waves in magnetically confined plasmas has been a paradigm for studying nonlinear wave-particle interactions. The frequency of the waves is assumed to be much higher than the ion cyclotron frequency and the waves are taken to propagate across the magnetic field. In fusion type plasmas, electrostatic waves, like the lower hybrid wave, cannot access the core of the plasma. That is a domain for high harmonic fast waves or electron cyclotron waves—these are primarily electromagnetic waves. Previous studies on heating of ions by two or more electrostatic waves are extended to two electromagnetic waves that propagate directly across the confining magnetic field. While the ratio of the frequency of each wave to the ion cyclotron frequency is large, the frequency difference is assumed to be near the ion cyclotron frequency. The nonlinear wave-particle interaction is studied analytically using a two time-scale canonical perturbation theory. The theory elucidates the effects of various parameters on the gain in energy by the ions—parameters such as the amplitudes and polarizations of the waves, the ratio of the wave frequencies to the cyclotron frequency, the difference in the frequency of the two waves, and the wave numbers associated with the waves. For example, the ratio of the phase velocity of the envelope formed by the two waves to the phase velocity of the carrier wave is important for energization of ions. For a positive ratio, the energy range is much larger than for a negative ratio. So waves like the lower hybrid waves will impart very little energy to ions. The theoretical results are found to be in good agreement with numerical simulations of the exact dynamical equations. The analytical results are used to construct mapping equations, simplifying the derivation of the motion of ions, which are, subsequently, used to follow the evolution of an ion distribution function. The heating of ions can then be properly quantified in terms of the wave parameters and can be conveniently used to find ideal conditions needed to heat ions by high frequency electromagnetic waves.

Zestanakis, P. A.; Kominis, Y.; Hizanidis, K. [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Association EURATOM-Hellenic Republic, Zographou GR-15773 (Greece)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Association EURATOM-Hellenic Republic, Zographou GR-15773 (Greece); Ram, A. K. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

The electromagnetic fields and the radiation of a spatio-temporally varying electric current loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric and magnetic fields of a spatio-temporally varying electric current loop are calculated using the Jefimenko equations. The radiation and the nonradiation parts of the electromagnetic fields are derived in the framework of Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic fields. In this way, a new, exact, analytical solution of the Maxwell equation is found.

Markus Lazar

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

80

Large-amplitude circularly polarized electromagnetic waves in magnetized plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider large-amplitude circularly polarized (LACP) waves propagating in a magnetized plasma. It is well-known that the dispersion relation for such waves coincides with the dispersion relation given by the linear theory. We develop the model of LACP wave containing a finite population of Cerenkov resonant particles. We find that the current of resonant particles modifies the linear dispersion relation. Dispersion curves of low-frequency (i.e., whistler and magnetosonic) waves are shifted toward larger values of the wave vector, i.e., waves with arbitrarily large wavelengths do not exist in this case. Dispersion curves of high-frequency waves are modified so that the wave phase velocity becomes smaller than the speed of light.

Vasko, I. Y., E-mail: vaskoiy@gmail.com; Artemyev, A. V.; Zelenyi, L. M. [Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Self-focusing of intense high frequency electromagnetic waves in a collisional magnetoactive plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The self-focusing of an intense electromagnetic beam in a collisional magnetoactive plasma has been investigated by the perturbation method. Considering the relativistic and ponderomotive nonlinearities and the first three terms of perturbation expansion for the electron density and velocity, the nonlinear wave equation is obtained. This wave equation is solved by applying the source dependent expansion method and the evolution of electromagnetic beam spot-size is discussed. It is shown that the laser spot-size decreases with increasing the collision frequency and external magnetic field strength.

Niknam, A. R.; Hashemzadeh, M. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aliakbari, A.; Majedi, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Tafresh University, Tafresh (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Haji Mirzaei, F. [Physics Department, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, Arak (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Electromagnetic Radiation in Hot QCD Matter: Rates, Electric Conductivity, Flavor Susceptibility and Diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the general features of the electromagnetic radiation from a thermal hadronic gas as constrained by chiral symmetry. The medium effects on the electromagnetic spectral functions and the partial restoration of chiral symmetry are quantified in terms of the pion densities. The results are compared with the electromagnetic radiation from a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma in terms of the leading gluon condensate operators. We use the spectral functions as constrained by the emission rates to estimate the electric conductivity, the light flavor susceptibility and diffusion constant across the transition from the correlated hadronic gas to a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma.

Chang-Hwan Lee; Ismail Zahed

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

83

Generalization of the Atkinson-Wilcox Theorem and the Development of a Novel Scaled Boundary Finite Element Formulation for the Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method is a novel semi-analytical method jointly developed by Chongmin Song and John P Wolf to solve problems in elastodynamics and allied problems in civil engineering. This novel method has been recently reformulated for the following categories of problems in electromagnetics: (1) Determination of Eigen values of metallic cavity structures, 2) Full wave analysis of Shielded micro-strip transmission line structures, and Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit (VLSI) interconnects, and 3) Full wave analysis of periodic structures. In this paper, a novel Scaled Boundary Finite Element formulation is developed for the numerical simulation of the time harmonic electromagnetic radiation in free space from metallic structures of arbitrary shape. The development of the novel formulation necessitates the generalization of the familiar Atkinson-Wilcox radiation series expansion so as to be applicable for arbitrary boundary circumscribing the source of radiation.

Rajan, V S P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Extinction theorem and propagation of electromagnetic waves between two semi-infinite anisotropic magnetoelectric materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on molecular optics we investigate the reflection and refraction of an electromagnetic wave between two semi-infinite anisotropic magnetoelectric materials. In terms of Hertz vectors and the principle of superposition, we generalize the extinction theorem and derive the propagation characteristics of wave. Using these results we can easily explain the physical origin of Brewster effect. Our results extend the extinction theorem to the propagation of wave between two arbitrary anisotropic materials and the methods used can be applied to other problems of wave propagation in materials, such as scattering of light.

Weixing Shu; Zhongzhou Ren; Hailu Luo; Fei Li; Qin Wu

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

85

Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrdinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrödinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential H. Bahlouli,* A. D. Alhaidari, and A. Al Zahrani Physics Department to provide an alternative, but equivalent, representation of plane electromagnetic em wave propagation

86

Geometric Phase Of The Faraday Rotation Of Electromagnetic Waves In Magnetized Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geometric phase of circularly polarized electromagnetic waves in nonuniform magnetized plasmas is studied theoretically. The variation of the propagation direction of circularly polarized waves results in a geometric phase, which also contributes to the Faraday rotation, in addition to the standard dynamical phase. The origin and properties of the geometric phase is investigated. The in uence of the geometric phase to plasma diagnostics using Faraday rotation is also discussed as an application of the theory.

Jian Liu and Hong Qin

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

All-thin-film multilayered multiferroic structures with a slot-line for spin-electromagnetic wave devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin-electromagnetic waves propagating in thin-film multilayered multiferroic structures containing a slot transmission line have been investigated both experimentally and theoretically. The thin-film structure was composed of a ferrite film, a ferroelectric film, and a slot-line. It was shown that the spectrum of the spin-electromagnetic wave was formed as a result of hybridization of the spin wave in the ferrite film with the electromagnetic wave in the slot-line and was electrically and magnetically tunable. For the experimental investigations, a microwave phase shifter based on the multiferroic structure has been fabricated. Performance characteristics are presented.

Nikitin, Andrey A.; Ustinov, Alexey B. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation); Department of Mathematics and Physics, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta 53850 Finland (Finland); Semenov, Alexander A.; Kalinikos, Boris A. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation); Lähderanta, E. [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta 53850 Finland (Finland)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

88

Terahertz electromagnetic wave generation and amplification by an electron beam in the elliptical plasma waveguides with dielectric rod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of electromagnetic waves in an elliptical plasma waveguide including strongly magnetized plasma column and a dielectric rod is investigated. The dispersion relation of guided hybrid electromagnetic waves is obtained. Excitation of the waves by a thin annular relativistic elliptical electron beam will be studied. The time growth rate of electromagnetic waves is obtained. The effects of relative permittivity constant of dielectric rod, radius of dielectric rod, accelerating voltage, and current density of the annular elliptical beam on the growth rate and the frequency spectra are numerically presented.

Rahmani, Z., E-mail: z.rahmani@kashanu.ac.ir; Jazi, B. [Department of Laser and Photonics, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Heidari-Semiromi, E. [Department of Condense Matter, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Asymmetric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves through a Planar Chiral Structure V. A. Fedotov,1,* P. L. Mladyonov,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves through a Planar Chiral Structure V. A. Fedotov,1 of the effect would be reversed for an electromag- netic wave propagating in opposite directions. It is a polarization sensitive transmission effect asymmetric with respect to the direc- tion of wave propagation

Zheludev, Nikolay

90

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Engineering 8 Yerkes Summer Institute 2002 Before we begin our investigations into radio waves you should review the Summary: of the spectrum. Electromagnetic radiation...

91

2D modeling of electromagnetic waves in cold plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The consequences of sheath (rectified) electric fields, resulting from the different mobility of electrons and ions as a response to radio frequency (RF) fields, are a concern for RF antenna design as it can cause damage to antenna parts, limiters and other in-vessel components. As a first step to a more complete description, the usual cold plasma dielectric description has been adopted, and the density profile was assumed to be known as input. Ultimately, the relevant equations describing the wave-particle interaction both on the fast and slow timescale will need to be tackled but prior to doing so was felt as a necessity to get a feeling of the wave dynamics involved. Maxwell's equations are solved for a cold plasma in a 2D antenna box with strongly varying density profiles crossing also lower hybrid and ion-ion hybrid resonance layers. Numerical modelling quickly becomes demanding on computer power, since a fine grid spacing is required to capture the small wavelengths effects of strongly evanescent modes.

Crombé, K. [Laboratory for Plasma Physics, Association EURATOM - Belgian State Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Renaissancelaan 30 Avenue de la Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium and Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41 B4, B (Belgium); Van Eester, D.; Koch, R.; Kyrytsya, V. [Laboratory for Plasma Physics, Association EURATOM - Belgian State Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Renaissancelaan 30 Avenue de la Renaissance, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in a structured ionosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionosphere is a birefringent medium which strongly affects the transmission of very high frequency (vhf) radio signals. These effects must be understood in detail if one wishes to look at the propagation of wide bandwidth coherent signals through the ionosphere. We develop a general perturbative solution of Maxwell`s equations for vhf signals propagating in the ionosphere, subject only to mild restrictions on the ionospheric structure. This solution can be extended to give the propagating field to any desired degree of precision. The case of a laminar ionosphere with harmonic waves is developed in greater detail, and we show how to calculate the ray path in this case. This solution is used to elucidate the effects of refraction on the phase of the signal, and we calculate the spatial- and frequency-coherence functions. The electric field for a laminar ionosphere without waves is analyzed to clarify the physical origins of the terms modifying the signal phase. We then calculate the solution in this case for the Appleton-Hartree model of the ionospheric dielectric function and express the result as a series in inverse powers of frequency. We conclude by calculating the ray path for a model ionosphere using the Appleton-Hartree dielectric function and a parabolic layer for the electron density.

Murphy, T.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Smith-Purcell radiation on a surface wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the radiation from an electron in flight over a surface wave of an arbitrary profile excited in a plane interface. For an electron bunch the conditions are specified under which the overall radiation essentially exceeds the incoherent part. It is shown that the radiation from the bunch with asymmetric density distribution of electrons in the longitudinal direction is partially coherent for waves with wavelengths much shorter than the characteristic longitudinal size of the bunch.

A. A. Saharian

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

94

Smith-Purcell radiation on a surface wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the radiation from an electron in flight over a surface wave of an arbitrary profile excited in a plane interface. For an electron bunch the conditions are specified under which the overall radiation essentially exceeds the incoherent part. It is shown that the radiation from the bunch with asymmetric density distribution of electrons in the longitudinal direction is partially coherent for waves with wavelengths much shorter than the characteristic longitudinal size of the bunch.

Saharian, A A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A large volume uniform plasma generator for the experiments of electromagnetic wave propagation in plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large volume uniform plasma generator is proposed for the experiments of electromagnetic (EM) wave propagation in plasma, to reproduce a 'black out' phenomenon with long duration in an environment of the ordinary laboratory. The plasma generator achieves a controllable approximate uniform plasma in volume of 260 mm Multiplication-Sign 260 mm Multiplication-Sign 180 mm without the magnetic confinement. The plasma is produced by the glow discharge, and the special discharge structure is built to bring a steady approximate uniform plasma environment in the electromagnetic wave propagation path without any other barriers. In addition, the electron density and luminosity distributions of plasma under different discharge conditions were diagnosed and experimentally investigated. Both the electron density and the plasma uniformity are directly proportional to the input power and in roughly reverse proportion to the gas pressure in the chamber. Furthermore, the experiments of electromagnetic wave propagation in plasma are conducted in this plasma generator. Blackout phenomena at GPS signal are observed under this system and the measured attenuation curve is of reasonable agreement with the theoretical one, which suggests the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Yang Min; Li Xiaoping; Xie Kai; Liu Donglin [School of Electronical and Mechanical Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710071 (China); Liu Yanming [School of Telecommunications Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710071 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching. 35 figs.

Holzrichter, J.F.; Ng, L.C.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

Full-wave Surface Integral Equation Method for Electromagnetic-circuit Simulation of Three-dimensional Interconnects in Layered Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FULL-WAVE SURFACE INTEGRAL EQUATION METHOD FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC-CIRCUIT SIMULATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERCONNECTS IN LAYERED MEDIA A Dissertation by NUR KURT KARSILAYAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2010 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering FULL-WAVE SURFACE INTEGRAL EQUATION METHOD FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC-CIRCUIT SIMULATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERCONNECTS...

Karsilayan, Nur

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

98

Investigation of Ultrafast Laser-Driven Radiative Blast Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have examined the evolution of cylindrically symmetric blast waves produced by the deposition of femtosecond laser pulses in gas jets. In high-Z gases radiative effects become important. We observe the production of an ionization precursor ahead of the shock front and deceleration parameters below the adiabatic value of 1/2 (for a cylinder), an effect expected when the blast wave loses energy by radiative cooling. Despite significant radiative cooling, the blast waves do not appear to develop thin shell instabilities expected for strongly radiative waves. This is believed to be due to the stabilizing effect of a relatively thick blast wave shell resulting in part from electron thermal conduction effects.

Edwards, M. J.; MacKinnon, A. J.; Zweiback, J.; Shigemori, K.; Ryutov, D.; Rubenchik, A. M.; Keilty, K. A.; Liang, E.; Remington, B. A.; Ditmire, T.

2001-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

99

Radiation hardness qualification of PbWO4 scintillation crystals for the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ensuring the radiation hardness of PbWO4 crystals was one of the main priorities during the construction of the electromagnetic calorimeter of the CMS experiment at CERN. The production on an industrial scale of radiation hard crystals and their certification over a period of several years represented a difficult challenge both for CMS and for the crystal suppliers. The present article reviews the related scientific and technological problems encountered.

The CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter Group; P. Adzic; N. Almeida; D. Andelin; I. Anicin; Z. Antunovic; R. Arcidiacono; M. W. Arenton; E. Auffray; S. Argiro; A. Askew; S. Baccaro; S. Baffioni; M. Balazs; D. Bandurin; D. Barney; L. M. Barone; A. Bartoloni; C. Baty; S. Beauceron; K. W. Bell; C. Bernet; M. Besancon; B. Betev; R. Beuselinck; C. Biino; J. Blaha; P. Bloch; A. Borisevitch; A. Bornheim; J. Bourotte; R. M. Brown; M. Buehler; P. Busson; B. Camanzi; T. Camporesi; N. Cartiglia; F. Cavallari; A. Cecilia; P. Chang; Y. H. Chang; C. Charlot; E. A. Chen; W. T. Chen; Z. Chen; R. Chipaux; B. C. Choudhary; R. K. Choudhury; D. J. A. Cockerill; S. Conetti; S. Cooper; F. Cossutti; B. Cox; D. G. Cussans; I. Dafinei; D. R. Da Silva Di Calafiori; G. Daskalakis; A. David; K. Deiters; M. Dejardin; A. De Benedetti; G. Della Ricca; D. Del Re; D. Denegri; P. Depasse; J. Descamps; M. Diemoz; E. Di Marco; G. Dissertori; M. Dittmar; L. Djambazov; M. Djordjevic; L. Dobrzynski; A. Dolgopolov; S. Drndarevic; G. Drobychev; D. Dutta; M. Dzelalija; A. Elliott-Peisert; H. El Mamouni; I. Evangelou; B. Fabbro; J. L. Faure; J. Fay; A. Fedorov; F. Ferri; D. Franci; G. Franzoni; K. Freudenreich; W. Funk; S. Ganjour; S. Gascon; M. Gataullin; F. X. Gentit; A. Ghezzi; A. Givernaud; S. Gninenko; A. Go; B. Gobbo; N. Godinovic; N. Golubev; P. Govoni; N. Grant; P. Gras; M. Haguenauer; G. Hamel de Monchenault; M. Hansen; J. Haupt; H. F. Heath; B. Heltsley; W. Hintz; R. Hirosky; P. R. Hobson; A. Honma; G. W. S. Hou; Y. Hsiung; M. Huhtinen; B. Ille; Q. Ingram; A. Inyakin; P. Jarry; C. Jessop; D. Jovanovic; K. Kaadze; V. Kachanov; S. Kailas; S. K. Kataria; B. W. Kennedy; P. Kokkas; T. Kolberg; M. Korjik; N. Krasnikov; D. Krpic; Y. Kubota; C. M. Kuo; P. Kyberd; A. Kyriakis; M. Lebeau; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; A. Ledovskoy; M. Lethuillier; S. W. Lin; W. Lin; V. Litvine; E. Locci; E. Longo; D. Loukas; P. D. Luckey; W. Lustermann; Y. Ma; M. Malberti; J. Malclès; D. Maletic; N. Manthos; Y. Maravin; C. Marchica; N. Marinelli; A. Markou; C. Markou; M. Marone; V. Matveev; C. Mavrommatis; P. Meridiani; P. Milenovic; P. Miné; O. Missevitch; A. K. Mohanty; F. Moortgat; P. Musella; Y. Musienko; A. Nardulli; J. Nash; P. Nedelec; P. Negri; H. B. Newman; A. Nikitenko; F. Nessi-Tedaldi; M. M. Obertino; G. Organtini; T. Orimoto; M. Paganoni; P. Paganini; A. Palma; L. Pant; A. Papadakis; I. Papadakis; I. Papadopoulos; R. Paramatti; P. Parracho; N. Pastrone; J. R. Patterson; F. Pauss; J-P. Peigneux; E. Petrakou; D. G. Phillips II; P. Piroué; F. Ptochos; I. Puljak; A. Pullia; T. Punz; J. Puzovic; S. Ragazzi; S. Rahatlou; J. Rander; P. A. Razis; N. Redaelli; D. Renker; S. Reucroft; P. Ribeiro; C. Rogan; M. Ronquest; A. Rosowsky; C. Rovelli; P. Rumerio; R. Rusack; S. V. Rusakov; M. J. Ryan; L. Sala; R. Salerno; M. Schneegans; C. Seez; P. Sharp; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; J. G. Shiu; R. K. Shivpuri; P. Shukla; C. Siamitros; D. Sillou; J. Silva; P. Silva; A. Singovsky; Y. Sirois; A. Sirunyan; V. J. Smith; F. Stöckli; J. Swain; T. Tabarelli de Fatis; M. Takahashi; V. Tancini; O. Teller; K. Theofilatos; C. Thiebaux; V. Timciuc; C. Timlin; M. Titov; A. Topkar; F. A. Triantis; S. Troshin; N. Tyurin; K. Ueno; A. Uzunian; J. Varela; P. Verrecchia; J. Veverka; T. Virdee; M. Wang; D. Wardrope; M. Weber; J. Weng; J. H. Williams; Y. Yang; I. Yaselli; R. Yohay; A. Zabi; S. Zelepoukine; J. Zhang; L. Y. Zhang; K. Zhu; R. Y. Zhu

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

100

Advances in non-planar electromagnetic prototyping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advent of metamaterials has introduced new ways to manipulate how electromagnetic waves reflect, refract and radiate in systems where the range of available material properties now includes negative permittivity, ...

Ehrenberg, Isaac M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multipole radiation in a collisonless gas coupled to electromagnetism or scalar gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the relativistic Vlasov-Maxwell and Vlasov-Nordstr\\"om systems which describe large particle ensembles interacting by either electromagnetic fields or a relativistic scalar gravity model. For both systems we derive a radiation formula analogous to the Einstein quadrupole formula in general relativity.

Sebastian Bauer; Markus Kunze; Gerhard Rein; Alan D. Rendall

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

102

Novel electromagnetic radiation in Left-Handed materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, Cerenkov radiation of a moving charged particle inside a Left-Handed material (LHM) is studied through both theory and numerical simulations. A LHM is a material whose permittivity and permeability have ...

Lu, Jie, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Nonlinear interaction of intense electromagnetic waves with a magnetoactive electron-positron-ion plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear coupling between circularly polarized electromagnetic (CPEM) waves and acoustic-like waves in a magnetoactive electron-positron-ion (e-p-i) plasma is studied, taking into account the relativistic motion of electrons and positrons. The possibility of modulational instability and its growth rate as well as the envelope soliton formation and its characteristics in such plasmas are investigated. It is found that the growth rate of modulation instability increases in the case that ?{sub c}/?<1 (?{sub c} and ? are the electron gyrofrequency and the CPEM wave frequency, respectively) and decreases in the case that ?{sub c}/?>1. It is also shown that in a magnetoactive e-p-i plasma, the width of bright soliton increases/decreases in case of (?{sub c}/?)<1/(?{sub c}/?)>1 by increasing the magnetic field strength.

Khorashadizadeh, S. M.; Rastbood, E.; Zeinaddini Meymand, H. [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Niknam, A. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

LFS-3 - new radiation hard scintillator for electromagnetic calorimeters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation damage of new heavy LFS-3 scintillating crystals has been studied using powerful $^{60}Co$ source at the dose rate of 4 Krad/min. No deterioration in optical transmission of LFS-3 crystals was observed after irradiation with the dose of 23 Mrad.

Kozlov, V A; Zavartsev, Yu D; Zavertyaev, M V; Zerrouk, A F

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Numerical approximation of the Schrödinger equation with the electromagnetic field by the Hagedorn wave packets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we approximate the semi-classical Schrödinger equation in the presence of electromagnetic field by the Hagedorn wave packets approach. By operator splitting, the Hamiltonian is divided into the modified part and the residual part. The modified Hamiltonian, which is the main new idea of this paper, is chosen by the fact that Hagedorn wave packets are localized both in space and momentum so that a crucial correction term is added to the truncated Hamiltonian, and is treated by evolving the parameters associated with the Hagedorn wave packets. The residual part is treated by a Galerkin approximation. We prove that, with the modified Hamiltonian only, the Hagedorn wave packets dynamics give the asymptotic solution with error O(?{sup 1/2}), where ? is the scaled Planck constant. We also prove that, the Galerkin approximation for the residual Hamiltonian can reduce the approximation error to O(?{sup k/2}), where k depends on the number of Hagedorn wave packets added to the dynamics. This approach is easy to implement, and can be naturally extended to the multidimensional cases. Unlike the high order Gaussian beam method, in which the non-constant cut-off function is necessary and some extra error is introduced, the Hagedorn wave packets approach gives a practical way to improve accuracy even when ? is not very small.

Zhou, Zhennan, E-mail: zhou@math.wisc.edu

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Apparatuses and method for converting electromagnetic radiation to direct current  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An energy conversion device may include a first antenna and a second antenna configured to generate an AC current responsive to incident radiation, at least one stripline, and a rectifier coupled with the at least one stripline along a length of the at least one stripline. An energy conversion device may also include an array of nanoantennas configured to generate an AC current in response to receiving incident radiation. Each nanoantenna of the array includes a pair of resonant elements, and a shared rectifier operably coupled to the pair of resonant elements, the shared rectifier configured to convert the AC current to a DC current. The energy conversion device may further include a bus structure operably coupled with the array of nanoantennas and configured to receive the DC current from the array of nanoantennas and transmit the DC current away from the array of nanoantennas.

Kotter, Dale K; Novack, Steven D

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

Determination of High-Frequency Current Distribution Using EMTP-Based Transmission Line Models with Resulting Radiated Electromagnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of BPL technologies to existing overhead high-voltage power lines would benefit greatly from improved simulation tools capable of predicting performance - such as the electromagnetic fields radiated from such lines. Existing EMTP-based frequency-dependent line models are attractive since their parameters are derived from physical design dimensions which are easily obtained. However, to calculate the radiated electromagnetic fields, detailed current distributions need to be determined. This paper presents a method of using EMTP line models to determine the current distribution on the lines, as well as a technique for using these current distributions to determine the radiated electromagnetic fields.

Mork, B; Nelson, R; Kirkendall, B; Stenvig, N

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Propagation of terahertz electromagnetic wave in plasma with inhomogeneous collision frequency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the absorption spectra of terahertz electromagnetic wave in plasma with inhomogeneous collision frequency. Profiles are introduced to describe the non-uniformity of collision frequency. It is interesting to find that when the plasma is collision frequency inhomogeneous, the absorption spectrum would decreases faster than that in uniform plasma. And the rate of decreasing would be different when the profile changes. Two parameters are set up to predict how the profiles affect the absorption spectra. Furthermore, the effects of electron density are also considered.

Tian, Yuan; Han, YiPing; Ling, YingJie [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China); Ai, Xia [National Laboratory of Science and Technology on Antennas and Microwaves Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China)] [National Laboratory of Science and Technology on Antennas and Microwaves Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Effect of electron density profile on power absorption of high frequency electromagnetic waves in plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering different typical electron density profiles, a multi slab approximation model is built up to study the power absorption of broadband (0.75-30 GHz) electromagnetic waves in a partially ionized nonuniform magnetized plasma layer. Based on the model, the power absorption spectra for six cases are numerically calculated and analyzed. It is shown that the absorption strongly depends on the electron density fluctuant profile, the background electron number density, and the collision frequency. A potential optimum profile is also analyzed and studied with some particular parameters.

Xi Yanbin; Liu Yue [MOE Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Electron, and Ion Beams, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Modeling the comfort effects of short-wave solar radiation indoors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects of short-wave solar radiation indoors. Building andEFFECTS OF SHORT-WAVE SOLAR RADIATION INDOORS Edward ARENSK. The effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort.

Arens, Edward; Huang, Li; Hoyt, Tyler; Zhou, Xin; Schiavon, Stefano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Apparatus and method for detecting electromagnetic radiation using electron photoemission in a micromechanical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micromechanical sensor and method for detecting electromagnetic radiation involve producing photoelectrons from a metal surface in contact with a semiconductor. The photoelectrons are extracted into the semiconductor, which causes photo-induced bending. The resulting bending is measured, and a signal corresponding to the measured bending is generated and processed. A plurality of individual micromechanical sensors can be arranged in a two-dimensional matrix for imaging applications.

Datskos, Panagiotis G. (Knoxville, TN); Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Datskou, Irene C. (Knoxville, TN); Egert, Charles M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Isotropic-medium three-dimensional cloaks for acoustic and electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a generalization of the two-dimensional eikonal-limit cloak derived from a conformal transformation to three dimensions. The proposed cloak is a spherical shell composed of only isotropic media; it operates in the transmission mode and requires no mirror or ground plane. Unlike the well-known omnidirectional spherical cloaks, it may reduce visibility of an arbitrary object only for a very limited range of observation angles. In the short-wavelength limit, this cloaking structure restores not only the trajectories of incident rays, but also their phase, which is a necessary ingredient to complete invisibility. Both scalar-wave (acoustic) and transverse vector-wave (electromagnetic) versions are presented.

Urzhumov, Yaroslav; Smith, David R; 10.1063/1.3691242

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Coherent interaction of a monochromatic gravitational wave with both elastic bodies and electromagnetic circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of a gravitational wave with a system made of an RLC circuit forming one end of a mechanical harmonic oscillator is investigated. We show that, in some configurations, the coherent interaction of the wave with both the mechanical oscillator and the RLC circuit gives rise to a mechanical quality factor increase of the electromagnetic signal. When this system is used as an amplifier of gravitational periodic signals in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz, at ultracryogenic temperatures and for sufficiently long integration times (up to 4 months), a sensitivity of 10^(-24)-10^(-27) on the amplitude of the metric could be achieved when thermal noise, shot noise and amplifier back--action are considered.

Enrico Montanari; Pierluigi Fortini

1998-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

Surfatron acceleration of protons by an electromagnetic wave at the heliosphere periphery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The trapping and subsequent efficient surfatron acceleration of weakly relativistic protons by an electromagnetic wave propagating across an external magnetic field in plasma at the heliosphere periphery is considered. The problem is reduced to analysis of a second-order time-dependent nonlinear equation for the wave phase on the particle trajectory. The conditions of proton trapping by the wave, the dynamics of the components of the particle momentum and velocity, the structure of the phase plane, the particle trajectories, and the dependence of the acceleration rate on initial parameters of the problem are analyzed. The asymptotic behavior of the characteristics of accelerated particles for the heliosphere parameters is investigated. The optimum conditions for surfatron acceleration of protons by an electromagnetic wave are discussed. It is demonstrated that the experimentally observed deviation of the spectra of cosmic-ray protons from standard power-law dependences can be caused by the surfatron mechanism. It is shown that protons with initial energies of several GeV can be additionally accelerated in the heliosphere (the region located between the shock front of the solar wind and the heliopause at distances of about 100 astronomical units (a.u.) from the Sun) up to energies on the order of several thousands of GeV. In order to explain the proton spectra in the energy range of ?20–500 GeV, a two-component phenomenological model is proposed. The first component corresponds to the constant (in this energy range) galactic contribution, while the second (variable) component corresponds to the heliospheric contribution, which appears due to the additional acceleration of soft cosmic-ray protons at the heliosphere periphery. Variations in the proton spectra measured on different time scales between 1992 and 2008 in the energy range from several tens to several hundred GeV, as well as the dependence of these spectra on the heliospheric weather, can be explained by surfatron acceleration of protons in the heliosphere.

Loznikov, V. M., E-mail: loznikov@yandex.ru; Erokhin, N. S.; Zol’nikova, N. N.; Mikhailovskaya, L. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Studies of laser-driven radiative blast waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed two sets of experiments looking at laser-driven radiating blast waves. In one set of experiments the effect of a drive laser's passage through a background gas on the hydrodynamical evolution of blast waves was examined. It was found that the laser's passage heats a channel in the gas, creating a region where a portion of the blast wave front had an increased velocity, leading to the formation of a bump-like protrusion on the blast wave. The second set of experiments involved the use of regularly spaced wire arrays to induce perturbations on a blast wave surface. The decay of these perturbations as a function of time was measured for various wave number perturbations and found to be in good agreement with theoretical predictions.

Edwards, M J; Hansen, J; Edens, A; Ditmire, T; Adams, R; Rambo, P; Ruggles, L; Smith, I; Porter, J

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

116

Utilization of electromagnetic detector for selection and detection of high-frequency relic gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that coupling system between fractal membranes and a Gaussian beam passing through a static magnetic field has strong selection capability for the stochastic relic gravitational wave background. The relic GW components propagating along the positive direction of the symmetrical axis of the Gaussian beam might generate an optimal electromagnetic perturbation while the perturbation produced by the relic GW components propagating along the negative and perpendicular directions to the symmetrical axis will be much less than the former.The influence of the random fluctuation of the relic GWs to such effect can be neglected and the influence of the random fluctuation of the relic GWs to such effect can be neglected.

Fangyu Li; Zhenya Chen; Ying Yi

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

117

Electro-Optical Sensing Apparatus and Method for Characterizing Free-Space Electromagnetic Radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and methods for characterizing free-space electromagnetic energy, and in particular, apparatus/method suitable for real-time two-dimensional far-infrared imaging applications are presented. The sensing technique is based on a non-linear coupling between a low-frequency electric field and a laser beam in an electro-optic crystal. In addition to a practical counter-propagating sensing technique, a co-linear approach is described which provides longer radiated field--optical beam interaction length, thereby making imaging applications practical.

Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Libelo, Louis Francis; Wu, Qi

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

118

The Radiation Dose Measurement System for the BaBar Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array of 116 p-channel radiation sensitive MOSFET transistors (RadFETs) has been operational for the past 6 years at the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II asymmetric B-Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). This system maps the integrated dose absorbed by different regions of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) during the running of the experiment. We report on the design and implementation of the system and finally, the performance of the monitoring system during the last 6 years of BaBar data-taking.

Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Meyer, W.T.; /Iowa State U.; Stelzer, J.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Yi, Jong; /Manchester U.

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Phase field method to optimize dielectric devices for electromagnetic wave propagation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss a phase field method for shape optimization in the context of electromagnetic wave propagation. The proposed method has the same functional capabilities as the level set method for shape optimization. The first advantage of the method is the simplicity of computation, since extra operations such as re-initialization of functions are not required. The second is compatibility with the topology optimization method due to the similar domain representation and the sensitivity analysis. Structural shapes are represented by the phase field function defined in the design domain, and this function is optimized by solving a time-dependent reaction diffusion equation. The artificial double-well potential function used in the equation is derived from sensitivity analysis. We study four types of 2D or 2.5D (axisymmetric) optimization problems. Two are the classical problems of photonic crystal design based on the Bloch theory and photonic crystal wave guide design, and two are the recent topics of designing dielectric left-handed metamaterials and dielectric ring resonators.

Takezawa, Akihiro, E-mail: akihiro@hiroshima-u.ac.jp; Kitamura, Mitsuru, E-mail: kitamura@naoe.hiroshima-u.ac.jp

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Electromagnetic radiation, motion of a particle and energy-mass relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equation of motion of an uncharged arbitrarily shaped dust particle under the effects of (stellar) electromagnetic radiation and thermal emission is derived. The resulting relativistically covariant equation of motion is expressed in terms of standard optical parameters. Relations between energy and mass of the incoming and outgoing radiation are obtained, together with relations between radiation energy and mass of the particle. The role of the diffraction nicely fits the relativistic formulation of the momentum of the outgoing radiation. The inequality 0 < $\\bar{Q}'_{pr, 1} / \\bar{Q}'_{ext}$ < 2 is a simple relativistic consequence for the Poynting-Robertson (P-R) effect ($\\bar{Q}'_{ext}$ and $\\bar{Q}'_{pr, 1}$ are dimensionless efficiency factors for the extinction and radial direction of the radiation pressure, integrated over stellar spectrum). The condition for the P-R effect is $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ = (1 - $\\bar{Q}'_{pr, 1} / \\bar{Q}'_{ext}$) $\\vec{p}'_{i}$, where $\\vec{p}'_{i}$ and $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ are incoming and outgoing radiation momenta (per unit time) measured in the proper frame of reference of the particle. The case of "perfectly absorbing spherical dust particle", within geometrical optics approximation, corresponds to the condition $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ = 0.5 $\\vec{p}'_{i}$. As for arbitrarily shaped dust particle, the condition 0 < $\\bar{C}'_{pr, 1}$ / $\\bar{C}'_{ext}$ < 2 / ($1 ~+~ \\sum_{j=2}^{3} \\bar{C}'_{pr, j} / \\bar{C}'_{pr, 1}$) holds for cross sections of extinction and radiation pressure components. The condition can add a new information to the results obtained from observations, measurements and numerical calculations of the optical properties of the particle.

J. Klacka

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electromagnetic partner of the gravitational signal during accretion onto black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the generation of electromagnetic and gravitational radiation in the vicinity of a perturbed Schwarzschild black hole. The gravitational perturbations and the electromagnetic field are studied by solving the Teukolsky master equation with sources, which we take to be locally charged, radially infalling, matter. Our results show that, in addition to the gravitational wave generated as the matter falls into the black hole, there is also a burst of electromagnetic radiation. This electromagnetic field has a characteristic set of quasinormal frequencies, and the gravitational radiation has the quasinormal frequencies of a Schwarzschild black hole. This scenario allows us to compare the gravitational and electromagnetic signals that are generated by a common source.

Juan Carlos Degollado; Victor Gualajara; Claudia Moreno; Darío Núñez

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

122

Coherent quantum states of a relativistic particle in an electromagnetic plane wave and a parallel magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the solutions of the Klein–Gordon and Dirac equations describing a charged particle in an electromagnetic plane wave combined with a magnetic field parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. It is shown that the Klein–Gordon equation admits coherent states as solutions, while the corresponding solutions of the Dirac equation are superpositions of coherent and displaced-number states. Particular attention is paid to the resonant case in which the motion of the particle is unbounded. -- Highlights: •We study a relativistic electron in a particular electromagnetic field configuration. •New exact solutions of the Klein–Gordon and Dirac equations are obtained. •Coherent and displaced number states can describe a relativistic particle.

Colavita, E. [Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México, México, D.F., 09790 (Mexico)] [Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México, México, D.F., 09790 (Mexico); Hacyan, S., E-mail: hacyan@fisica.unam.mx [Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A. P. 20-364, México D. F., 01000 (Mexico)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Antenna-coupled silicon-organic hybrid integrated photonic crystal modulator for broadband electromagnetic wave detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we design, fabricate and characterize a compact, broadband and highly sensitive integrated photonic electromagnetic field sensor based on a silicon-organic hybrid modulator driven by a bowtie antenna. The large electro-optic (EO) coefficient of organic polymer, the slow-light effects in the silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide (PCW), and the broadband field enhancement provided by the bowtie antenna, are all combined to enhance the interaction of microwaves and optical waves, enabling a high EO modulation efficiency and thus a high sensitivity. The modulator is experimentally demonstrated with a record-high effective in-device EO modulation efficiency of r33=1230pm/V. Modulation response up to 40GHz is measured, with a 3-dB bandwidth of 11GHz. The slot PCW has an interaction length of 300um, and the bowtie antenna has an area smaller than 1cm2. The bowtie antenna in the device is experimentally demonstrated to have a broadband characteristics with a central resonance frequency of 10GHz, as we...

Zhang, Xingyu; Subbaraman, Harish; Wang, Shiyi; Zhan, Qiwen; Luo, Jingdong; Jen, Alex K -Y; Chung, Chi-jui; Yan, Hai; Pan, Zeyu; Nelson, Robert L; Lee, Charles Y -C; Chen, Ray T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Radiative precursors driven by converging blast waves in noble gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed study of the radiative precursor that develops ahead of converging blast waves in gas-filled cylindrical liner z-pinch experiments is presented. The experiment is capable of magnetically driving 20?km s{sup ?1} blast waves through gases of densities of the order 10{sup ?5} g cm{sup ?3} (see Burdiak et al. [High Energy Density Phys. 9(1), 52–62 (2013)] for a thorough description). Data were collected for Ne, Ar, and Xe gas-fills. The geometry of the setup allows a determination of the plasma parameters both in the precursor and across the shock, along a nominally uniform line of sight that is perpendicular to the propagation of the shock waves. Radiation from the shock was able to excite NeI, ArII, and XeII/XeIII precursor spectral features. It is shown that the combination of interferometry and optical spectroscopy data is inconsistent with upstream plasmas being in LTE. Specifically, electron density gradients do not correspond to any apparent temperature change in the emission spectra. Experimental data are compared to 1D radiation hydrodynamics HELIOS-CR simulations and to PrismSPECT atomic physics calculations to assist in a physical interpretation of the observations. We show that upstream plasma is likely in the process of being radiatively heated and that the emission from a small percentage of ionised atoms within a cool background plasma dominates the emission spectra. Experiments were carried out on the MAGPIE and COBRA pulsed-power facilities at Imperial College London and Cornell University, respectively.

Burdiak, G. C.; Lebedev, S. V.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Swadling, G. F.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.; Hall, G. N.; Khoory, E.; Pickworth, L.; Bland, S. N.; Grouchy, P. de; Skidmore, J.; Suttle, L.; Bennett, M.; Niasse, N. P. L. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Williams, R. J. R. [Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston RG7 4PR (United Kingdom)] [Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Blesener, K.; Atoyan, L.; Cahill, A.; Hoyt, C.; Potter, W. [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); and others

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Electromagnetic or other directed energy pulse launcher  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The physical realization of new solutions of wave propagation equations, such as Maxwell's equations and the scaler wave equation, produces localized pulses of wave energy such as electromagnetic or acoustic energy which propagate over long distances without divergence. The pulses are produced by driving each element of an array of radiating sources with a particular drive function so that the resultant localized packet of energy closely approximates the exact solutions and behaves the same.

Ziolkowski, Richard W. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

STUDIES OF LASER-DRIVEN RADIATIVE BLAST WAVES A.D. EDENS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-driven radiating blast waves. In the first set of experiments the effect of a drive laser's passage throughSTUDIES OF LASER-DRIVEN RADIATIVE BLAST WAVES A.D. EDENS1 , T. DITMIRE1 , J.F. HANSEN2 , M a background gas on the hydrodynamical evolution of blast waves was examined. The laser's passage heated

Ditmire, Todd

127

Radiative Transfer of Sound Waves in a Random Flow: Turbulent Scattering, Straining, and Mode-Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiative Transfer of Sound Waves in a Random Flow: Turbulent Scattering, Straining, and Mode and Applied Mathematics Vol. 61, No. 5, pp. 1545-1577 RADIATIVE TRANSFER OF SOUND WAVES IN A RANDOM FLOW the sound wave propagation in a random flow, whose mean flow is large compared with its fluctuation

Fannjiang, Albert

128

Full-wave algorithms for model order reduction and electromagnet analysis of impedance and scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As technology advances and sophisticated electronic systems achieve ubiquity, the demand for thorough, efficient Electromagnetic (EM) analysis continues to rise. The prohibitive costs of constructing and maintaining ...

Klemas, Thomas J. (Thomas Jonas)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Understanding the Hellings and Downs curve for pulsar timing arrays in terms of sound and electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Searches for gravitational-wave backgrounds using pulsar timing arrays look for correlations in the timing residuals induced by the background across the pulsars in the array. The correlation signature of an isotropic, unpolarized gravitational-wave background predicted by general relativity follows the so-called Hellings and Downs curve, which is a relatively simple function of the angle between a pair of pulsars. To aid students and beginning researchers interested in pulsar timing, we give a pedagogical discussion of the Helling and Downs curve for pulsar timing arrays, considering simpler analogous scenarios involving sound and electromagnetic waves. We calculate Hellings-and-Downs type functions for these two scenarios and develop a framework suitable for doing more general correlation calculations.

Jenet, Fredrick A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Understanding the Hellings and Downs curve for pulsar timing arrays in terms of sound and electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Searches for gravitational-wave backgrounds using pulsar timing arrays look for correlations in the timing residuals induced by the background across the pulsars in the array. The correlation signature of an isotropic, unpolarized gravitational-wave background predicted by general relativity follows the so-called Hellings and Downs curve, which is a relatively simple function of the angle between a pair of pulsars. To aid students and beginning researchers interested in pulsar timing, we give a pedagogical discussion of the Helling and Downs curve for pulsar timing arrays, considering simpler analogous scenarios involving sound and electromagnetic waves. We calculate Hellings-and-Downs type functions for these two scenarios and develop a framework suitable for doing more general correlation calculations.

Fredrick A. Jenet; Joseph D. Romano

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

131

Particle-In-Cell Simulations of a Nonlinear Transverse Electromagnetic Wave in a Pulsar Wind Termination Shock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 2.5-dimensional particle-in-cell code is used to investigate the propagation of a large-amplitude, superluminal, nearly transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave in a relativistically streaming electron-positron plasma with and without a shock. In the freestreaming, unshocked case, the analytic TEM dispersion relation is verified, and the streaming is shown to stabilize the wave against parametric instabilities. In the confined, shocked case, the wave induces strong, coherent particle oscillations, heats the plasma, and modifies the shock density profile via ponderomotive effects. The wave decays over $\\gtrsim 10^2$ skin depths; the decay length scale depends primarily on the ratio between the wave frequency and the effective plasma frequency, and on the wave amplitude. The results are applied to the termination shock of the Crab pulsar wind, where the decay length-scale (at least 0.05") might be comparable to the thickness of filamentary, variable substructure observed in the optical and X-ray wisps and knots.

O. Skjaeraasen; A. Melatos; A. Spitkovsky

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

132

Particle-In-Cell Simulations of a Nonlinear Transverse Electromagnetic Wave in a Pulsar Wind Termination Shock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 2.5-dimensional particle-in-cell code is used to investigate the propagation of a large-amplitude, superluminal, nearly transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave in a relativistically streaming electron-positron plasma with and without a shock. In the freestreaming, unshocked case, the analytic TEM dispersion relation is verified, and the streaming is shown to stabilize the wave against parametric instabilities. In the confined, shocked case, the wave induces strong, coherent particle oscillations, heats the plasma, and modifies the shock density profile via ponderomotive effects. The wave decays over {approx}> 10{sup 2} skin depths; the decay length scale depends primarily on the ratio between the wave frequency and the effective plasma frequency, and on the wave amplitude. The results are applied to the termination shock of the Crab pulsar wind, where the decay length-scale ({approx}> 0.05''?) might be comparable to the thickness of filamentary, variable substructure observed in the optical and X-ray wisps and knots.

Skjaeraasen, Olaf; /Inst. Theor. Astrophys., Oslo; Melatos, A.; /Melbourne U.; Spitkovsky, A.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Radiation-induced solitary waves in hot plasmas of accretion disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the existence of radiation-induced solitary waves in hot plasmas of accretion disks depends on the radial temperature profile.

Fedor V. Prigara

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Topological Structure in the Set of Classical Free Radiation Electromagnetic Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this work is to proceed with the development of a model of topological electromagnetism in empty space, proposed by one of us some time ago and based on the existence of a topological structure associated with the radiation fields in standard Maxwell's theory. This structure consists in pairs of complex scalar fields, say $\\phi$ and $\\theta$, that can be interpreted as maps $\\phi,\\theta: S^3\\mapsto S^2$, the level lines of which are orthogonal to one another, where $S^3$ is the compactified physical 3-space $R^3$, with only one point at infinity, and $S^2$ is the 2-sphere identified with the complete complex plane. These maps were discovered and studied in 1931 by the German mathematician H. Hopf, who showed that the set of all of them can be ordered in homotopy classes, labeled by the so called Hopf index, equal to $\\gamma=\\pm 1,\\,\\pm 2,\\,\\cdots ,\\, \\pm k,...$ but without $\\gamma=0$. In the model presented here and at the level of the scalars $\\phi$ and $\\theta$, the equations of motion are highly nonlinear; however there is a transformation of variables that converts exactly these equations (not by truncation!) into the linear Maxwell's ones for the magnetic and electric fields $\\B$ and $\\E$.

A. F. Ranada; A. Tiemblo

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

135

Slow light propagation and amplification via electromagnetically induced transparency and four-wave mixing in an optically dense atomic vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally and theoretically analyze the propagation of weak signal field pulses under the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in hot Rb vapor, and study the effects of resonant four-wave mixing (FWM). In particular, we demonstrate that in a double-$\\Lambda$ system, formed by the strong control field with the weak resonant signal and a far-detuned Stokes field, both continuous-wave spectra and pulse propagation dynamics for the signal field depend strongly on the amplitude of the seeded Stokes field, and the effect is enhanced in optically dense atomic medium. We also show that the theory describing the coupled propagation of the signal and Stokes fields is in good agreement with the experimental observations.

N. B. Phillips; A. V. Gorshkov; I. Novikova

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

136

Internal wave energy radiated from a turbulent mixed layer James R. Munroe1, a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal wave energy radiated from a turbulent mixed layer James R. Munroe1, a) and Bruce R of the mixed layer. In both experiments and simulations we find that the energy density of the generated waves examine mixed-layer deepening and the generation of internal waves in stratified fluid resulting from

Sutherland, Bruce

137

Wave-wave interactions in solar type III radio bursts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high time resolution observations from the STEREO/WAVES experiment show that in type III radio bursts, the Langmuir waves often occur as localized magnetic field aligned coherent wave packets with durations of a few ms and with peak intensities well exceeding the strong turbulence thresholds. Some of these wave packets show spectral signatures of beam-resonant Langmuir waves, down- and up-shifted sidebands, and ion sound waves, with frequencies, wave numbers, and tricoherences satisfying the resonance conditions of the oscillating two stream instability (four wave interaction). The spectra of a few of these wave packets also contain peaks at f{sub pe}, 2f{sub pe} and 3 f{sub pe} (f{sub pe} is the electron plasma frequency), with frequencies, wave numbers and bicoherences (computed using the wavelet based bispectral analysis techniques) satisfying the resonance conditions of three wave interactions: (1) excitation of second harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of two oppositely propagating Langmuir waves, and (2) excitation of third harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of Langmuir waves with second harmonic electromagnetic waves. The implication of these findings is that the strong turbulence processes play major roles in beam stabilization as well as conversion of Langmuir waves into escaping radiation in type III radio bursts.

Thejappa, G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); MacDowall, R. J. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771 (United States)

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

138

Effects of ion abundances on electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave growth rate in the vicinity of the plasmapause  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves in multi-ion species plasmas propagate in branches. Except for the branch corresponding to the heaviest ion species, which has only a resonance at its gyrofrequency, these branches are bounded below by a cutoff frequency and above by a resonant gyrofrequency. The condition for wave growth is determined by the thermal anisotropies of each ion species, j, which sets an upper bound, ?{sub j}{sup ?}, on the wave frequency below which that ion species contributes positively to the growth rate. It follows that the relative positions of the cutoffs and the critical frequencies ?{sub j}{sup ?} play a crucial role in determining whether a particular wave branch will be unstable. The effect of the magnetospheric ion abundances on the growth rate of each branch of the EMIC instability in a model where all the ion species have kappa velocity distributions is investigated by appealing to the above ideas. Using the variation of the cutoff frequencies predicted by cold plasma theory as a guide, optimal ion abundances that maximise the EMIC instability growth rate are sought. When the ring current is comprised predominantly of H{sup +} ions, all branches of the EMIC wave are destabilised, with the proton branch having the maximum growth rate. When the O{sup +} ion abundance in the ring current is increased, a decrease in the growth rate of the proton branch and cyclotron damping of the helium branch are observed. The oxygen branch, on the other hand, experiences an increase in the maximum growth rate with an increase in the O{sup +} ion abundance. When the ring current is comprised predominantly of He{sup +} ions, only the helium and oxygen branches of the EMIC wave are destabilised, with the helium branch having the maximum growth rate.

Henning, F. D., E-mail: farranalfonso@gmail.com; Mace, R. L., E-mail: macer@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

On the Microphysical Properties of Ice Clouds as Inferred from the Polarization of Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties associated with the microphysical and radiative properties of ice clouds remain an active research area because of the importance these clouds have in atmospheric radiative transfer problems and the energy balance of the Earth...

Cole, Benjamin

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

Low-frequency absorption cross section of the electromagnetic waves for the extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the low-frequency absorption cross section of the electromagnetic waves for the extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher dimensions. We first construct the exact solutions to the relevant wave equations in the zero-frequency limit. In most cases it is possible to use these solutions to find the transmission coefficients of partial waves in the low-frequency limit. We use these transmission coefficients to calculate the low-frequency absorption cross section in five and six spacetime dimensions. We find that this cross section is dominated by the modes with l=2 in the spherical-harmonic expansion rather than those with l=1, as might have been expected, because of the mixing between the electromagnetic and gravitational waves. We also find an upper limit for the low-frequency absorption cross section in dimensions higher than six.

Luis C. B. Crispino; Atsushi Higuchi; George E. A. Matsas

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Spin oscillations of relativistic fermions in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Dirac equation, in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field, has singular solutions, corresponding the expansion of energy in vicinity of some singular point. These solutions described relativistic fermions. States relating to these solutions are not stationary. The temporal change of average energy, momentum and spin for single and mixed states is studied in the paper. A distinctive feature of the states is the disappearance of the longitudinal component of the average spin. Another feature is the equivalence of the condition of fermion minimal energy and the classical condition of the magnetic resonance. Finding such solutions assumes the use of a transformation for rotating and co-moving frames of references. Comparison studies of solutions obtained with the Galilean and non-Galilean transformation shown that some parameters of the non-Galilean transformation may be measured in high-energy physics.

Boris V. Gisin

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electro-optical and Magneto-optical Sensing Apparatus and Method for Characterizing Free-space Electromagnetic Radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and methods for characterizing free-space electromagnetic energy, and in particular, apparatus/method suitable for real-time two-dimensional far-infrared imaging applications are presented. The sensing technique is based on a non-linear coupling between a low-frequency electric (or magnetic) field and a laser beam in an electro-optic (or magnetic-optic) crystal. In addition to a practical counter-propagating sensing technique, a co-linear approach is described which provides longer radiated field-optical beam interaction length, thereby making imaging applications practical.

Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Riordan, Jenifer Ann; Sun, Feng-Guo

2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

Theory of electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the theory of electromagnetic fields, with an emphasis on aspects relevant to radiofrequency systems in particle accelerators. We begin by reviewing Maxwell's equations and their physical significance. We show that in free space, there are solutions to Maxwell's equations representing the propagation of electromagnetic fields as waves. We introduce electromagnetic potentials, and show how they can be used to simplify the calculation of the fields in the presence of sources. We derive Poynting's theorem, which leads to expressions for the energy density and energy flux in an electromagnetic field. We discuss the properties of electromagnetic waves in cavities, waveguides and transmission lines.

Wolski, Andrzej

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Electric Field and Waves Instruments on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Electric Fields and Waves (EFW) Instruments on the two Radiation Belt Storm Probe (RBSP) spacecraft (recently renamed the Van Allen Probes) are designed to measure three dimensional quasi-static and low frequency ...

Wygant, J. R.

145

On the Tropospheric Response to Anomalous Stratospheric Wave Drag and Radiative Heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Tropospheric Response to Anomalous Stratospheric Wave Drag and Radiative Heating DAVID W. J of anomalous diabatic heating in the polar stratosphere as stratospheric temperatures relax to climatology

146

Connecting the Electromagnetic and Gravitational Wave Skies in the Era of Advanced LIGO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

McWilliams, Princeton U. 9:30 ­ 10:30 "Gravitational-wave astronomy: past, present, and future-924-7855 138 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542 #12;High Energy EM Counterparts and Capabilities Thursday, 3 Lower Energy EM Counterparts and Capabilities Friday, 4 May 2012 9:30 ­ 10:30 "Needle in a Haystack

147

Thermal and non-thermal radiation of rotating polarizable particle moving in an equilibrium background of electromagnetic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theory of thermal and nonthermal radiation in a vacuum background of arbitrary temperature generated by relativistic polarizable particle with spin is proposed. When the particle rotates, radiation is produced by vacuum fluctuations even in the case of zero temperature of the system. In the ultrarelativistic case, the spectral-angular intensity of radiation is concentrated along the velocity of the particle. At finite temperatures of particle and vacuum, the particle temperature (in its rest frame) rather quickly acquires an equilibrium magnitude depending on the velocities of rotation and uniform motion and the background temperature. This equilibrium temperature determines the intensity of radiation. The dynamical slowing down takes a very long time until the kinetic energy of uniform motion and rotation is converted into radiation.

A. A. Kyasov; G. V Dedkov

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

148

UT of bimetallic welds by shear horizontal waves and electromagnetic ultrasonic (EMUS) probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bimetallic transition welds include in most cases besides the austenitic weldment an austenitic buttering. Their inspection by ultrasound is strongly complicated by a high degree of elastic anisotropy. The elastic anisotropy results in phase and group velocities of the elastic wave-modes, which are functions of the propagation direction inside the weld metal and which cause skewing of the sound beams. The coarse grain structure leads to enhanced scattering. Furthermore, there exists a mismatch of the acoustical impedances between the weld metal and the base metal, which depends on the angle of incidence at the interface base metal/weld metal and weld metal/buttering. Due to these facts up to now using standard UT-techniques only the HAZ`s are inspected from both sides. In many cases dissimilar metal welds are only accessible from one side. Therefore, US-techniques are necessary which are capable to inspect the whole weld even if there is only access from one side. By improvement of the technology of the EMUS-probes and of the EMUS-instrumentation for the US-transduction of SH-waves a reliable technique for the ISI of dissimilar metal welds and also of austenitic welds is available. The contribution will shortly introduce into the physical basis of the SH-wave technique and present the results of test specimen measurements. The main part of the paper will report about the experiences and the results of field applications in different nuclear power plants.

Huebschen, G.; Salzburger, H.J.; Kroening, M. [Fraunhofer-Inst. fuer Zerstoerungsfreie Pruefverfahren, Saarbruecken (Germany)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

Theory of Optical Leaky-Wave Antenna Integrated in a Ring Resonator for Radiation Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The integration of a leaky-wave antenna with a ring resonator is presented using analytical guided wave models. The device consists of a ring resonator fed by a directional coupler, where the ring resonator path includes a leaky-wave antenna segment. The resonator integration provides two main advantages: the high-quality factor ensures effective control of radiation intensity by controlling the resonance conditions and the efficient radiation from a leaky-wave antenna even when its length is much smaller than the propagation length of the leaky wave. We devise an analytical model of the guided wave propagation along a directional coupler and the ring resonator path including the antenna and non-radiating segments. The trade-offs regarding the quality factor of resonance and the antenna efficiency of such a design is reported in terms of the coupler parameters, leaky-wave constant and radiation length. Finally a CMOS-compatible OLWA design suitable for the ring resonator integration is designed where Silicon ...

Guclu, Caner; Capolino, Filippo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Particle acceleration in superluminal strong waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the electron acceleration in random superluminal strong waves (SLSWs) and radiation from them by using numerical methods in the context of the termination shock of the pulsar wind nebulae. We pursue the electrons by solving the equation of motion in the analytically expressed electromagnetic turbulences. These consist of primary SLSW and isotropically distributed secondary electromagnetic waves. Under the dominance of the secondary waves, all electrons gain nearly equal energy. On the other hand, when the primary wave is dominant, selective acceleration occurs. The phase of the primary wave felt by the electrons moving nearly along the wavevector changes very slowly compared to the oscillation of the wave, which is called "phase locked", and such electrons are continuously accelerated. This acceleration by SLSWs may play a crucial role in the pre-acceleration for the shock acceleration. In general, the radiation from the phase-locked population is different from the synchro-Compton radiation. How...

Teraki, Yuto; Nagataki, Shigehiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Electromagnetic Interference from the ILC Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference is an emerging problem of the future. This investigation analyzed the data collected from airborne radiation waves that caused electronic devices to fail. This investigation was set up at SLAC in End Station A and the data collected from the electromagnetic waves were received from antennas. In order to calibrate the antennas it required a signal generator to transmit the signals to the antenna and a digital oscilloscope to receive the radiation waves from the other antenna. The signal generator that was used was only able to generate signals between 1 and 1.45 GHz; therefore, the calibrations were not able to be completed. Instead, excel was used to create a curve fitting for the attenuation factors that were already factory calibrated. The function from the curve fitting was then used to extend the calibrations on the biconical and yagi antennas. A fast Fourier Transform was then ran in Matlab on the radiation waves received by the oscilloscope; in addition, the attenuation factors were calculated into the program to show the actual amplitudes of these radiation waves. For future research, the antennas will be manually calibrated and the results will be reanalyzed.

Brown, LaVonda N.; /Norfolk State U. /SLAC

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

152

Phase retrieval using radiation and matter-wave fields: Validity of Teague's method for solution of the transport-of-intensity equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although originally developed for coherent paraxial scalar electromagnetic radiation in the visible-light regime, phase retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation has been successfully applied to a range of paraxial radiation and matter-wave fields. Such applications include using electron wave fields to quantitatively image magnetic skyrmions and spin ices, propagation-based phase-contrast imaging using cold neutrons and hard x-rays, and visible-light refractive imaging of the projected column density of cold-atom clouds. Teague's method for phase retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation, which renders the phase of a paraxial complex wave indirectly measurable via the existence of a conserved current, has been applied to a broad variety of situations which include all of the experiments described above. However, these applications have been undertaken without a thorough analysis of the underlying validity of the method. Here we derive sufficient conditions for the phase-retrieval solution provided by Teague's method to coincide with the true phase of the paraxial radiation or matter-wave field. We also present a sufficient condition guaranteeing that the discrepancy between the true phase function and that reconstructed using Teague's solution is small. These conditions demonstrate that, in most practical cases, for phase-amplitude retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation, the Teague solution is very close to the exact solution. However, we also describe a counter example in the context of phase-amplitude retrieval using hard x-rays, in which the relative root-mean-square difference between the exact solution and that obtained using Teague's method is 9%. These findings clarify the foundations of one of the most widely applied methods for propagation-based phase retrieval of both paraxial matter and radiation wave fields and define a region for its applicability.

Schmalz, Jelena A. [School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); Gureyev, Timur E. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, PB 33, Clayton South MDC, VIC 3169 (Australia); School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); Paganin, David M. [School of Physics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia); Pavlov, Konstantin M. [School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); School of Physics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Photon Wave-packet Manipulation via Dynamic Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Multilayer Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a Maxwell-Bloch description of the dynamics of a light pulse propagating through a spatially inhomogeneous system consisting of alternating layers of EIT media and vacuum. We study the effect of a dynamical modulation of the EIT control field on the shape of the wave packet: interesting effects due to the presence of interfaces with group velocity mismatch are found. An effective description based on a continuity equation is developed. Modulation schemes that can be realized in ultracold atomic samples with standard experimental techniques are proposed and discussed.

Francesco Bariani; Iacopo Carusotto

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Internal wave energy radiated from a turbulent mixed layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine mixed-layer deepening and the generation of internal waves in stratified fluid resulting from turbulence that develops in response to an applied surface stress. In laboratory experiments the stress is applied over the breadth of a finite-length tank by a moving roughened conveyor belt. The turbulence in the shear layer is characterized using particle image velocimetry to measure the kinetic energy density. The internal waves are measured using synthetic schlieren to determine their amplitudes, frequencies, and energy density. We also perform fully nonlinear numerical simulations restricted to two dimensions but in a horizontally periodic domain. These clearly demonstrate that internal waves are generated by transient eddies at the integral length scale of turbulence and which translate with the background shear along the base of the mixed layer. In both experiments and simulations we find that the energy density of the generated waves is 1%–3% of the turbulent kinetic energy density of the turbulent layer.

Munroe, James R., E-mail: jmunroe@mun.ca [Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X7 (Canada); Sutherland, Bruce R., E-mail: bsuther@ualberta.ca [Departments of Physics and Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R3 (Canada)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Using ISS Telescopes for Electromagnetic Follow-up of Gravitational Wave Detections of NS-NS and NS-BH Mergers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Space Station offers a unique platform for rapid and inexpensive deployment of space telescopes. A scientific opportunity of great potential later this decade is the use of telescopes for the electromagnetic follow-up of ground-based gravitational wave detections of neutron star and black hole mergers. We describe this possibility for OpTIIX, an ISS technology demonstration of a 1.5 m diffraction limited optical telescope assembled in space, and ISS-Lobster, a wide-field imaging X-ray telescope now under study as a potential NASA mission. Both telescopes will be mounted on pointing platforms, allowing rapid positioning to the source of a gravitational wave event. Electromagnetic follow-up rates of several per year appear likely, offering a wealth of complementary science on the mergers of black holes and neutron stars.

Jordan Camp; Scott D. Barthelmy; Lindy Blackburn; Kenneth Carpenter; Neil Gehrels; Jonah Kanner; Frank E. Marshall; Judith L. Racusin; Takanori Sakamoto

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

156

Experimental methodology for non-thermal effects of electromagnetic radiation on biologics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appropriate equipment is needed for research on the effects of radio-frequency radiation from radio-frequency identification (RF-ID) systems on biological materials. In the present study, a complete test system comprising ...

Cox, Felicia C. A. I

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The response of certain stored products insects to various wavebands of electromagnetic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?Numbers refer to referenoee listed in the bibliography. attracted to' blaok light, ultraviolet. Inseot traps using eleotromag-, netio radiation are reooszzsn4ed by Tenhet and Bare as a survey tool to 6 reflect the degree of infestation in tobacoo... INSECTS TO VARIOUS WAVESANDS OP ELECTRONAGNETIC RADIATION INTRODUCTION Interest in the attraotion of inseots to fire and light dates baok to the dsye of primitive man. From early literature such as "the Sanskrit EKooh~~atiks attributed to King Sudraka...

Stermer, Raymond Andrew

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The role of higher-order modes on the electromagnetic whistler-cyclotron wave fluctuations of thermal and non-thermal plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two fundamental challenging problems of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas are the understanding of the relaxation of a collisionless plasmas with nearly isotropic velocity distribution functions and the resultant state of nearly equipartition energy density with electromagnetic plasma turbulence. Here, we present the results of a study which shows the role that higher-order-modes play in limiting the electromagnetic whistler-like fluctuations in a thermal and non-thermal plasma. Our main results show that for a thermal plasma the magnetic fluctuations are confined by regions that are bounded by the least-damped higher order modes. We further show that the zone where the whistler-cyclotron normal modes merges the electromagnetic fluctuations shifts to longer wavelengths as the ?{sub e} increases. This merging zone has been interpreted as the beginning of the region where the whistler-cyclotron waves losses their identity and become heavily damped while merging with the fluctuations. Our results further indicate that in the case of nonthermal plasmas, the higher-order modes do not confine the fluctuations due to the effective higher-temperature effects and the excess of suprathermal plasma particles. The analysis presented here considers the second-order theory of fluctuations and the dispersion relation of weakly transverse fluctuations, with wave vectors parallel to the uniform background magnetic field, in a finite temperature isotropic bi-Maxwellian and Tsallis-kappa-like magnetized electron–proton plasma. Our results indicate that the spontaneously emitted electromagnetic fluctuations are in fact enhanced over these quasi modes suggesting that such modes play an important role in the emission and absorption of electromagnetic fluctuations in thermal or quasi-thermal plasmas.

Viñas, Adolfo F. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Heliophysics Science Division, Geospace Physics Laboratory, Mail Code 673, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)] [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Heliophysics Science Division, Geospace Physics Laboratory, Mail Code 673, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Moya, Pablo S. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Heliophysics Science Division, Geospace Physics Laboratory, Mail Code 673, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States) [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Heliophysics Science Division, Geospace Physics Laboratory, Mail Code 673, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington DC, District of Columbia 20064 (United States); Navarro, Roberto [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago (Chile)] [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago (Chile); Araneda, Jaime A. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile)] [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Radiation in Yang-Mills formulation of gravity and a generalized pp-wave metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The variational methods implemented on a quadratic Yang-Mills type Lagrangian yield two sets of equations interpreted as the field equations and the energy-momentum tensor for the gravitational field. A covariant condition is imposed on the energy-momentum tensor to represent the radiation field. A generalized pp-wave metric is found to simultaneously satisfy both the field equations and the radiation condition. The result is compared with that of Lichn\\'{e}rowicz.

S. Baskal

1997-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

160

IR Spectroscopy Spectroscopy: Branch of science in which light or other electromagnetic radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is resolved into its component wavelengths to produce spectra, which are graphs of intensity vs. wavelength or frequency of radiation. Current usage broadens this definition to include some methods that don't involve the energy difference of 2 quantum levels of the sample of matter. hE = IR Spectroscopy Tool for examining

Sherrill, David

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161

Laser beat wave excitation of terahertz radiation in a plasma slab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terahertz (THz) radiation generation by nonlinear mixing of lasers, obliquely incident on a plasma slab is investigated. Two cases are considered: (i) electron density profile is parabolic but density peak is below the critical density corresponding to the beat frequency, (ii) plasma boundaries are sharp and density is uniform. In both cases, nonlinearity arises through the ponderomotive force that gives rise to electron drift at the beat frequency. In the case of inhomogeneous plasma, non zero curl of the nonlinear current density gives rise to electromagnetic THz generation. In case of uniform plasma, the sharp density variation at the plasma boundaries leads to radiation generation. In a slab width of less than a terahertz wavelength, plasma density one fourth of terahertz critical density, laser intensities ?10{sup 17?}W/cm{sup 2} at 1??m, one obtains the THz intensity ?1?GW/cm{sup 2} at 3 THz radiation frequency.

Chauhan, Santosh; Parashar, Jetendra, E-mail: j.p.parashar@gmail.com [Department of Applied Physics, Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha 464001, Madhya Pradesh (India)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Method for generation of THz frequency radiation and sensing of large amplitude material strain waves in piezoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strain waves of THz frequencies can coherently generate radiation when they propagate past an interface between materials with different piezoelectric coefficients. Such radiation is of detectable amplitude and contains sufficient information to determine the time-dependence of the strain wave with unprecedented subpicosecond, nearly atomic time and space resolution.

Reed, Evan J. (Pine Island, MN); Armstrong, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

163

The dispersion relation and excitation of transverse magnetic mode electromagnetic waves in rippled-wall waveguide with a plasma rod and an annular dielectric  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using the linear field theory, the dispersion relation of electromagnetic waves in a rippled-wall waveguide with a plasma rod and an annular dielectric is obtained. In addition, by injecting a finite thick annular intense relativistic electron beam in this waveguide, the excitation of these waves is investigated. Furthermore, the effects of the radius of the plasma rod, the radius of the dielectric, the corrugation amplitude, and period on the frequency spectrum are investigated. Besides, the time growth rate of excitation of these waves by an annular relativistic electron beam is studied. Finally, to demonstrate the advantages of this rippled-wall waveguide, the dispersion relation and the growth rate of three simplified cases are investigated.

Nejati, M. [Physics Department, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C. Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokri, B. [Physics Department and Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C. Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

Radiative Thermal Noise for Transmissive Optics in Gravitational-Wave Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiative losses have traditionally been neglected in the calculation of thermal noise of transmissive optical elements because for the most commonly used geometries they are small compared to losses due to thermal conduction. We explore the use of such transmissive optical elements in extremely noise-sensitive environments such as the arm cavities of future gravitational-wave interferometers. This drives us to a geometry regime where radiative losses are no longer negligible. In this paper we derive the thermo-refractive noise associated with such radiative losses and compare it to other known sources of thermal noise.

Sheila Dwyer; Stefan W. Ballmer

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

Internal gravity wave radiation into weakly stratified fluid B. R. Sutherlanda)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal gravity wave radiation into weakly stratified fluid B. R. Sutherlanda) Department region in the ocean have been observed to propagate long horizontal distances away from their source.2 characteristics of the long time evolution of ducted IGW of large horizontal extent in the ocean.9,10 Exact

Sutherland, Bruce

166

On the Wavelength of the Rossby Waves Radiated by Tropical Cyclones KYLE D. KROUSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of tropical cyclones; the theory then predicts the zonal separation distance of such tropical cyclone pairsOn the Wavelength of the Rossby Waves Radiated by Tropical Cyclones KYLE D. KROUSE Department cyclone (TC). In some cases, such disturbances undergo tropical cyclogenesis, resulting in a pair

Sobel, Adam

167

Cosmological Baryon Sound Waves Coupled with the Primeval Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fluid equations for the baryon-electron system in an expanding universe are derived from the Boltzmann equation. The effect of the Compton interaction is taken into account properly in order to evaluate the photon-electron collisional term. As an application, the acoustic motions of the baryon-electron system after recombination are investigated. The effective adiabatic index $\\gamma$ is computed for sound waves of various wavelengths, assuming the perturbation amplitude is small. The oscillations are found to be dumped when $\\gamma$ changes from between 1 (for an isothermal process) to 5/3 (for an adiabatic process).

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Naoshi Sugiyama; Humitaka Sato

1997-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

168

Rossby wave radiation by an eddy on the polar beta-plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from the laboratory experiments on the evolution of vortices (eddies) generated in a rotating tank with topographic beta-effect are presented. The surface elevation and velocity fields are measured by the Altimetric Imaging Velocimetry. The experiments are supplemented by shallow water numerical simulations as well as a linear theory which describes the Rossby wave radiation by travelling vortices. The cyclonic vortices observed in the experiments travel to the northwest and continuously radiate Rossby waves. Measurements show that initially axisymmetric vortices develop a dipolar component which enables them to perform translational motion. A pattern of alternating zonal jets to the west of the vortex is created by Rossby waves with approximately zonal crests. Energy spectra of the flows in the wavenumber space indicate that a wavenumber similar to that introduced by Rhines for turbulent flows on the beta-plane can be introduced here. The wavenumber is based on the translational speed of a vortex rat...

Zhang, Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The role of the quantum properties of gravitational radiation in the dete ction of gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role that the quantum properties of a gravitational wave could play in the detection of gravitational radiation is analyzed. It is not only corroborated that in the current laser-interferometric detectors the resolution of the experimental apparatus could lie very far from the corresponding quantum threshold (thus the backreaction effect of the measuring device upon the gravitational wave is negligible), but it is also suggested that the consideration of the quantum properties of the wave could entail the definition of dispersion of the measurement outputs. This dispersion would be a function not only of the sensitivity of the measuring device, but also of the interaction time (between measuring device and gravitational radiation) and of the arm length of the corresponding laser- interferometer. It would have a minimum limit, and the introduction of the current experimental parameters insinuates that the dispersion of the existing proposals could lie very far from this minimum, which means that they would show a very large dispersion.

A. Camacho

1998-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Dosimetric Impact of Prostate Rotations During Electromagnetically Guided External-Beam Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To study the impact of daily rotations and translations of the prostate on dosimetric coverage during radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: Real-time tracking data for 26 patients were obtained during RT. Intensity modulated radiation therapy plans meeting RTOG 0126 dosimetric criteria were created with 0-, 2-, 3-, and 5-mm planning target volume (PTV) margins. Daily translations and rotations were used to reconstruct prostate delivered dose from the planned dose. D{sub 95} and V{sub 79} were computed from the delivered dose to evaluate target coverage and the adequacy of PTV margins. Prostate equivalent rotation is a new metric introduced in this study to quantify prostate rotations by accounting for prostate shape and length of rotational lever arm. Results: Large variations in prostate delivered dose were seen among patients. Adequate target coverage was met in 39%, 65%, and 84% of the patients for plans with 2-, 3-, and 5-mm PTV margins, respectively. Although no correlations between prostate delivered dose and daily rotations were seen, the data showed a clear correlation with prostate equivalent rotation. Conclusions: Prostate rotations during RT could cause significant underdosing even if daily translations were managed. These rotations should be managed with rotational tolerances based on prostate equivalent rotations.

Amro, Hanan, E-mail: hanan.amro@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A.; Mcshan, Daniel L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sandler, Howard [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States); Vineberg, Karen; Hadley, Scott; Litzenberg, Dale [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Second order equation of motion for electromagnetic radiation back-reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We take the viewpoint that the physically acceptable solutions of the Lorentz-Dirac equation for radiation back-reaction are actually determined by a second order equation of motion in such a way that the self-force can be given as a function of spacetime location and velocity. This self-force function turns out to be determined by a first order partial differential equation. In view of possible practical difficulty in solving that partial differential equation, we propose two iteration methods, too, for obtaining the self-force function. For two example systems, the second order equation of motion is obtained exactly in the nonrelativistic regime via each of the three methods, and the three results are found to coincide. We reveal that, for both systems, back-reaction induces a damping proportional to velocity and, in addition, it decreases the effect of the external force.

Tamás Matolcsi; Tamás Fülöp; Mihály Weiner

2014-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

172

Tunability enhanced electromagnetic wiggler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention discloses a wiggler used in synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers, where each pole is surrounded by at least two electromagnetic coils. The electromagnetic coils are energized with different amounts of current to provide a wide tunable range of the on-axis magnetic flux density, while preventing magnetic saturation of the poles. 14 figs.

Schlueter, R.D.; Deis, G.A.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

173

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1) Consider the expression for the electric field due · dS over a spherical surface that encloses the moving charge. (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave density and the Poynting vector. (2c) Repeat the steps in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic wave

Pope, Christopher

174

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 6 (1) Consider the expression for the electric field due · dS over a spherical surface that encloses the moving charge. (2a) Consider an electromagnetic wave density and the Poynting vector. (2c) Repeat the steps in (2a) and (2b) for an electromagnetic wave

Pope, Christopher

175

Transverse electromagnetic horn antenna with resistively-loaded exterior surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved transverse electromagnetic (TEM) horn antenna comprises a resistive loading material on the exterior surfaces of the antenna plates. The resistive loading material attenuates or inhibits currents on the exterior surfaces of the TEM horn antenna. The exterior electromagnetic fields are of opposite polarity in comparison to the primary and desired interior electromagnetic field, thus inherently cause partial cancellation of the interior wave upon radiation or upon reception. Reducing the exterior fields increases the radiation efficiency of the antenna by reducing the cancellation of the primary interior field (supported by the interior surface currents). This increases the transmit gain and receive sensitivity of the TEM horn antenna, as well as improving the transient (time-domain) response.

Aurand, John F. (Edgewood, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Electromagnetic Siegert states for periodic dielectric structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formalism of Siegert states to describe the resonant scattering in quantum theory is extended to the resonant scattering of electromagnetic waves on periodic dielectric arrays. The excitation of electromagnetic Siegert states by an incident wave packet and their decay is studied. The formalism is applied to develop a theory of coupled electromagnetic resonances arising in the electromagnetic scattering problem for two such arrays separated by a distance 2h (or, generally, when the physical properties of the scattering array depend on a real coupling parameter h). Analytic properties of Siegert states as functions of the coupling parameter h are established by the Regular Perturbation Theorem which is an extension the Kato-Rellich theorem to the present case. By means of this theorem, it is proved that if the scattering structure admits a bound state in the radiation continuum at a certain value of the coupling parameter h, then there always exist regions within the structure in which the near field can be amplified as much as desired by adjusting the value of h. This establishes a rather general mechanism to control and amplify optical nonlinear effects in periodically structured planar structures possessing a nonlinear dielectric susceptibility.

Friends R. Ndangali; Sergei V. Shabanov

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

177

Direct observation of tetrahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystallie Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have observed intense, coherent, continuous and monochromatic electromagnetic (EM) emission at terahertz frequencies generated from a single crystalline mesa structure of the high-T{sub c} superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} intrinsic Josephson junction system. The mesa is fabricated by the Argon-ion-milling and photolithography techniques on the cleaved surface of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} single crystal. The frequency, {nu}, of the EM radiation observed from the sample obeys simple relations: {nu} = c/n{lambda} = c/2nw and {nu} = 2eV/hN, where c is the light velocity in vacuum, n the refractive index of a superconductor, {lambda} the wave length of the EM emission in vacuum, w the shorter width of the mesa, V the voltage applied to the mesa, N the number of layers of intrinsic Josephson junctions, e and h are the elementary charge and the Planck constant, respectively. These two relations strongly imply that the mechanism of the emission is, firstly, due to the geometrical resonance of EM waves to the mesa like a cavity resonance occuring in the mesa structure, and forming standing waves as cavity resonance modes, and secondly, due to the ac-Josephson effect, which works coherently in all intrinsic Josephson junctions. The peculiar temperature dependence of the power intensity emitted form samples shows a broad maximum in a temperature region between 20 and 40 K, suggesting that the nonequilibrium effect plays an essential role for the emission of EM waves in this system. The estimated total power is significantly improved in comparison with the previous report [L. Ozyuzer et al., Science 318 (2007) 1291, K. Kadowaki, et al., Physica C 437-438 (2006) 111, I.E. Batov, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 (2006) 262504], and reached as high as 5 {micro}W from single mesa with w = 60 {micro}m at 648 GHz, which enables us to use it for some of applications. So far, we succeeded in fabricating the mesa emitting EM waves up to 960 GHz in the fundamental mode in the w = 40 {micro}m mesa, whereas the higher harmonics up to the 4-th order were observed, resulting in a frequency exceeding 2.5 THz. In sharp contrast to the previous reports [K. Kadowaki, et al., Physica C 437-438 (2006) 111, M.-H. Bae, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, (2007) 027002], all the present measurements were done in zero magnetic field. Lastly, a plausible theoretical model for the mechanism of emission is discussed.

Kadowaki, K.; Yamaguchi, H.; Kawamata, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Minami, H.; Kakeya, I.; Welp, U.; Ozyuzer, L.; Koshelev, A.; Kurter, C.; Gray, K. E.; Kwok, W.-K.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Tsukuba; Izmir Inst. of Tech.; Illinois Inst. of Tech.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Barotropic Rossby wave radiation from a model Gulf Stream1 Arthur J. Miller and Douglas J. Neilson2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the ocean.7 One process that remains particularly obscure in WBC dynamics is the radiation of8 barotropic1 Barotropic Rossby wave radiation from a model Gulf Stream1 Arthur J. Miller and Douglas J in the North Atlantic Ocean is studied in an14 eddy-resolving ocean model simulation. The meandering model Gulf

Frandsen, Jannette B.

179

Experimental determination of radiated internal wave power without pressure field data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to determine, using only velocity field data, the time-averaged energy flux (J) and total radiated power P for two-dimensional internal gravity waves. Both (J) and P are determined from expressions involving only a scalar function, the stream function ?. We test the method using data from a direct numerical simulation for tidal flow of a stratified fluid past a knife edge. The results for the radiated internal wave power given by the stream function method agree to within 0.5% with results obtained using pressure and velocity data from the numerical simulation. The results for the radiated power computed from the stream function agree well with power computed from the velocity and pressure if the starting point for the stream function computation is on a solid boundary, but if a boundary point is not available, care must be taken to choose an appropriate starting point. We also test the stream function method by applying it to laboratory data for tidal flow past a knife edge, and the results are found to agree with the direct numerical simulation. The supplementary material includes a Matlab code with a graphical user interface that can be used to compute the energy flux and power from two-dimensional velocity field data.

Lee, Frank M.; Morrison, P. J. [Physics Department and Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712–1192 (United States)] [Physics Department and Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712–1192 (United States); Paoletti, M. S.; Swinney, Harry L. [Physics Department, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712–1192 (United States)] [Physics Department, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712–1192 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electromagnetic Light in Medium of Polarized Atoms $^3$He  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, it is predicted that polarized atoms $^3$He increase a value of speed electromagnetic waves. This reasoning implies that the velocity of electromagnetic waves into gas consisting of polarized atoms $^3$He is rather than one in vacuum.

V. N. Minasyan

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Why Study Electromagnetics: The First Unit in an Undergraduate Electromagnetics Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Why Study Electromagnetics: The First Unit in an Undergraduate Electromagnetics Course Allen unification of electric and magnetic fields predicting electromagnetic wave phenomena which Nobel Laureate: "Of what relevance is the study of electromagnetics to our modern society?" The goal of this unit

Taflove, Allen

182

Scattering of particles by radiation fields: a comparative analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The features of the scattering of massive neutral particles propagating in the field of a gravitational plane wave are compared with those characterizing their interaction with an electromagnetic radiation field. The motion is geodesic in the former case, whereas in the case of an electromagnetic pulse it is accelerated by the radiation field filling the associated spacetime region. The interaction with the radiation field is modeled by a force term entering the equations of motion proportional to the 4-momentum density of radiation observed in the particle's rest frame. The corresponding classical scattering cross sections are evaluated too.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Maria Haney; Robert T. Jantzen

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

183

On the conversion of blast wave energy into radiation in active galactic nuclei and gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been suggested that relativistic blast waves may power the jets of AGN and gamma-ray bursts (GRB). We address the important issue how the kinetic energy of collimated blast waves is converted into radiation. It is shown that swept-up ambient matter is quickly isotropised in the blast wave frame by a relativistic two-stream instability, which provides relativistic particles in the jet without invoking any acceleration process. The fate of the blast wave and the spectral evolution of the emission of the energetic particles is therefore solely determined by the initial conditions. We compare our model with existing multiwavelength data of AGN and find remarkable agreement.

Martin Pohl; Reinhard Schlickeiser

1999-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

184

Excitation of electrostatic waves in the electron cyclotron frequency range during magnetic reconnection in laboratory overdense plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of electromagnetic radiation at high harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency that was considered to be converted from electrostatic waves called electron Bernstein waves (EBWs) during magnetic reconnection in laboratory overdense plasmas. The excitation of EBWs was attributed to the thermalization of electrons accelerated by the reconnection electric field around the X-point. The radiative process discussed here is an acceptable explanation for observed radio waves pulsation associated with major flares.

Kuwahata, A., E-mail: kuwahata@ts.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Igami, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Kawamori, E. [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Kogi, Y. [Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Inomoto, M.; Ono, Y. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro-magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed into kinetic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro- magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed for accelerating and storing countercirculating beams of 7-TeV protons, has a stored beam energy exceeding 300 MJ. Accelerator-based light sources rely on the fact that when beams of GeV electrons interact with magnetic

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

186

Scattering of radiation in collisionless dusty plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scattering of electromagnetic waves in collisionless dusty plasmas is studied in the framework of a multi-component kinetic model. The investigation focuses on the spectral distribution of the scattered radiation. Pronounced dust signatures are identified in the coherent spectrum due to scattering from the shielding cloud around the dust grains, dust acoustic waves, and dust-ion acoustic waves. The magnitude and shape of the scattered signal near these spectral regions are determined with the aid of analytical expressions and its dependence on the dust parameters is investigated. The use of radiation scattering as a potential diagnostic tool for dust detection is discussed.

Tolias, P.; Ratynskaia, S. [Space and Plasma Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE-100 44 (Sweden)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Operation Castle. Project 7. 1. Electromagnetic radiation calibration, Pacific )roving ground. Report for March-May 1954  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A total of 17 stations, one close-in (320 km from Bikini and 23 km from Eniwetok) and the balance at distances, were operated for the electromagnetic experimental effort. Seventy-four sets of data were obtained from a possible total of 102. Of the remaining 28 sets, no data were obtained because equipment was not in operation, records were not readable, the alert notifications were not received, signals were not discernible, or equipment malfunctioned.

Olseon, M.H.

1984-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Conduction Effect of Thermal Radiation in a Metal Shield Pipe in a Cryostat for a Cryogenic Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large heat load caused by thermal radiation through a metal shield pipe was observed in a cooling test of a cryostat for a prototype of a cryogenic interferometric gravitational wave detector. The heat load was approximately 1000 times larger than the value calculated by the Stefan-Boltzmann law. We studied this phenomenon by simulation and experiment and found that it was caused by the conduction of thermal radiation in a metal shield pipe.

Takayuki Tomaru; Masao Tokunari; Kazuaki Kuroda; Takashi Uchiyama; Akira Okutomi; Masatake Ohashi; Hiroyuki Kirihara; Nobuhiro Kimura; Yoshio Saito; Nobuaki Sato; Takakazu Shintomi; Toshikazu Suzuki; Tomiyoshi Haruyama; Shinji Miyoki; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Akira Yamamoto

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

189

Cellular Manipulation and Control by Electromagnetism | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

phenomenon for sensors; however, one may also use intense electromagnetic radiation, such as pulsed power, plasmas, or lasers, to induce changes in cellular...

190

22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions, Fall 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles and applications of electromagnetism, starting from Maxwell's equations, with emphasis on phenomena important to nuclear engineering and radiation sciences. Solution methods for electrostatic and magnetostatic ...

Hutchinson, I. H. (Ian H.)

191

Bremsstrahlung Radiation At a Vacuum Bubble Wall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When charged particles collide with a vacuum bubble, they can radiate strong electromagnetic waves due to rapid deceleration. Owing to the energy loss of the particles by this bremsstrahlung radiation, there is a non-negligible damping pressure acting on the bubble wall even when thermal equilibrium is maintained. In the non-relativistic region, this pressure is proportional to the velocity of the wall and could have influenced the bubble dynamics in the early universe.

Jae-Weon Lee; Kyungsub Kim; Chul H. Lee; Ji-ho Jang

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

192

State-Space Realization of the Wave-Radiation Force within FAST: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several methods have been proposed in the literature to find a state-space model for the wave-radiation forces. In this paper, four methods were compared, two in the frequency domain and two in the time domain. The frequency-response function and the impulse response of the resulting state-space models were compared against the ones derived by the numerical code WAMIT. The implementation of the state-space module within the FAST offshore wind turbine computer-aided engineering (CAE) tool was verified, comparing the results against the previously implemented numerical convolution method. The results agreed between the two methods, with a significant reduction in required computational time when using the state-space module.

Duarte, T.; Sarmento, A.; Alves, M.; Jonkman, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Search for periodic gravitational radiation with the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the search for a continuous signal of gravitational radiation from a rotating neutron star in the data taken by the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector in early 1994. Since ALLEGRO is sensitive at frequencies near 1 kHz, only neutron stars with spin periods near 2 ms are potential sources. There are no known sources of this typ e for ALLEGRO, so we directed the search towards both the galactic center and the globular clus ter 47 Tucanae. The analysis puts a constraint of roughly $8 \\times 10^{-24}$ at frequencies near 1 kHz on the gravitational strain emitted from pulsar spin-down in either 47 Tucanae or the galactic center.

E. Mauceli; M. P. McHugh; W. O. Hamilton; W. W. Johnson; A. Morse

2000-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

194

Search for periodic gravitational radiation with the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the search for a continuous signal of gravitational radiation from a rotating neutron star in the data taken by the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector in early 1994. Since ALLEGRO is sensitive at frequencies near 1 kHz, only neutron stars with spin periods near 2 ms are potential sources. There are no known sources of this typ e for ALLEGRO, so we directed the search towards both the galactic center and the globular clus ter 47 Tucanae. The analysis puts a constraint of roughly $8 \\times 10^{-24}$ at frequencies near 1 kHz on the gravitational strain emitted from pulsar spin-down in either 47 Tucanae or the galactic center.

Mauceli, E; Hamilton, W O; Johnson, W W; Morse, A

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Gravitational Waves in G4v  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational coupling of the propagation four-vectors of matter wave functions is formulated in flat space-time. Coupling at the momentum level rather than at the "force-law" level greatly simplifies many calculations. This locally Lorentz-invariant approach (G4v) treats electromagnetic and gravitational coupling on an equal footing. Classical mechanics emerges from the incoherent aggregation of matter wave functions. The theory reproduces, to first order beyond Newton, the standard GR results for Gravity-Probe B, deflection of light by massive bodies, precession of orbits, gravitational red shift, and total gravitational-wave energy radiated by a circular binary system. Its predictions of total radiated energy from highly eccentric Kepler systems are slightly larger than those of similar GR treatments. G4v predictions differ markedly from those of GR for the gravitational-wave radiation patterns from rotating massive systems, and for the LIGO antenna pattern. The predicted antenna patterns have been shown t...

Mead, Carver

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The gravitational wave radiation of pulsating white dwarfs revisited: the case of BPM 37093 and PG 1159-035  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the emission of gravitational radiation from pulsating white dwarfs. This is done by using an up-to-date stellar evolutionary code coupled with a state-of-the-art pulsational code. The emission of gravitational waves is computed for a standard 0.6 solar masses white dwarf with a liquid carbon-oxygen core and a hydrogen-rich envelope, for a massive DA white dwarf with a partially crystallized core for which various l=2 modes have been observed (BPM 37093) and for PG 1159-035, the prototype of the GW Vir class of variable stars, for which several quadrupole modes have been observed as well. We find that these stars do not radiate sizeable amounts of gravitational waves through their observed pulsation g-modes, in line with previous studies. We also explore the possibility of detecting gravitational waves radiated by the f-mode and the p-modes. We find that in this case the gravitational wave signal is very large and, hence, the modes decay very rapidly. We also discuss the possible implications of our calculations for the detection of gravitational waves from pulsating white dwarfs within the framework of future space-borne interferometers like LISA.

E. Garcia-Berro; P. Loren-Aguilar; A. H. Corsico; L. G. Althaus; J. A. Lobo; J. Isern

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

197

Doctopic: Condensed matter ARTICLE IN PRESS PLA:17759 Please cite this article in press as: A.G. Ramm, Electromagnetic wave scattering by small bodies, Physics Letters A (2008), doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2008.03.010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doctopic: Condensed matter ARTICLE IN PRESS PLA:17759 Please cite this article in press as: A.physleta.2008.03.010 JID:PLA AID:17759 /SCO Doctopic: Condensed matter [m5+; v 1.91; Prn:24/04/2008; 15:29] P.1 (1-9) Physics Letters A ··· (····) ···­··· www.elsevier.com/locate/pla Electromagnetic wave

198

An Alfvn wave maser in the laboratory J. E. Maggs, G. J. Morales, and T. A. Carter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phenomenon reported is analogous to the Alfvén wave maser proposed to exist in naturally occurring, near of energetic ions1 in the radiation belt. Another class of Alfvén maser activity is considered to occur amplification of electromagnetic radiation leading to laser or maser action requires that a combination

California at Los Angles, University of

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude ion-acoustic waves Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Physics 2 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude acoustic wave Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 15 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves moving Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave gas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 19 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave induced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 9 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves generated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 17 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave detector Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 3 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

206

Radiation in (2+1)-dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we discuss the radiation equation of state $p=\\rho/2$ in (2+1)-dimensions. In (3+1)-dimensions the equation of state $p=\\rho/3$ may be used to describe either actual electromagnetic radiation (photons) as well as a gas of massless particles in a thermodynamic equilibrium (for example neutrinos). In this work it is shown that in the framework of (2+1)-dimensional Maxwell electrodynamics the radiation law $p=\\rho/2$ takes place only for plane waves, i.e. for $E = B$. Instead of the linear Maxwell electrodynamics, to derive the (2+1)-radiation law for more general cases with $E \

Mauricio Cataldo; Alberto A. García

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Axial and transverse acoustic radiation forces on a fluid sphere placed arbitrarily in Bessel beam standing wave tweezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The axial and transverse radiation forces on a fluid sphere placed arbitrarily in the acoustical field of Bessel beams of standing waves are evaluated. The three-dimensional components of the time-averaged force are expressed in terms of the beam-shape coefficients of the incident field and the scattering coefficients of the fluid sphere using a partial-wave expansion (PWE) method. Examples are chosen for which the standing wave field is composed of either a zero-order (non-vortex) Bessel beam, or a first-order Bessel vortex beam. It is shown here, that both transverse and axial forces can push or pull the fluid sphere to an equilibrium position depending on the chosen size parameter ka (where k is the wave-number and a the sphere’s radius). The corresponding results are of particular importance in biophysical applications for the design of lab-on-chip devices operating with Bessel beams standing wave tweezers. Moreover, potential investigations in acoustic levitation and related applications in particle rotation in a vortex beam may benefit from the results of this study. -- Highlights: •The axial and transverse forces on a fluid sphere in acoustical Bessel beams tweezers are evaluated. •The attraction or repulsion to an equilibrium position in the standing wave field is examined. •Potential applications are in particle manipulation using standing waves.

Mitri, F.G., E-mail: mitri@chevron.com

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Radiation Characteristics of Tunable Graphennas in the Terahertz Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16640 Kista, Sweden 5Department of Electrical Engineering in size have been predicted to radiate electromagnetic waves at the terahertz band. In this work frequencies, in the optical range. Due to the expectedly very limited power of nanosystems, the low mobility

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

209

Connecting Numerical Relativity and Data Analysis of Gravitational Wave Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational waves deliver information in exquisite detail about astrophysical phenomena, among them the collision of two black holes, a system completely invisible to the eyes of electromagnetic telescopes. Models that predict gravitational wave signals from likely sources are crucial for the success of this endeavor. Modeling binary black hole sources of gravitational radiation requires solving the Eintein equations of General Relativity using powerful computer hardware and sophisticated numerical algorithms. This proceeding presents where we are in understanding ground-based gravitational waves resulting from the merger of black holes and the implications of these sources for the advent of gravitational-wave astronomy.

Shoemaker, Deirdre; London, Lionel; Pekowsky, Larne

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves is the supporting document to the Master of Fine Arts thesis exhibition of the same title. Exhibited March 7-12 2010 in the Art and Design Gallery at the University of Kansas, Waves was comprised of a series of mixed media drawings...

LaCure, Mari Mae

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

211

Electromagnetic field with constraints and Papapetrou equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that geometric optical description of electromagnetic wave with account of its polarization in curved space-time can be obtained straightforwardly from the classical variational principle for electromagnetic field. For this end the entire functional space of electromagnetic fields must be reduced to its subspace of locally plane monochromatic waves. We have formulated the constraints under which the entire functional space of electromagnetic fields reduces to its subspace of locally plane monochromatic waves. These constraints introduce variables of another kind which specify a field of local frames associated to the wave and contain some congruence of null-curves. The Lagrangian for constrained electromagnetic field contains variables of two kinds, namely, a congruence of null-curves and the field itself. This yields two kinds of Euler-Lagrange equations. Equations of first kind are trivial due to the constraints imposed. Variation of the curves yields the Papapetrou equations for a classical massless particle with helicity 1.

Z. Ya. Turakulov; A. T. Muminov

2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

212

Electromagnetic space-time crystals. III. Dispersion relations for partial solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Partial solutions of the Dirac equation describing an electron motion in electromagnetic crystals created by plane waves with linear and circular polarizations are treated. It is shown that the electromagnetic crystal formed by circularly polarized waves possesses the spin birefringence.

G. N. Borzdov

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

Journal of Sound and Vibration 298 (2006) 108131 Elastic wave radiation from a high frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION Journal of Sound and Vibration 298 (2006) 108­131 Elastic wave. Introduction Problems concerning the propagation, refraction and diffraction of waves are the subject method to detect defects is to analyse the scattering of the elastic waves generated by ultrasonic

Abrahams, I. David

214

Perfectly Reflectionless Omnidirectional Electromagnetic Absorber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the existence of metamaterial blueprints describing, and fundamental limitations concerning, perfectly reflectionless omnidirectional electromagnetic absorbers (PR-OEMA). Previous attempts to define PR-OEMA blueprints have led to active (gain), rather than passive, media. We explain this fact and unveil new, distinct limitations of true PR-OEMA devices including the appearance of an "electromagnetic horizon" on physical solutions. As practical alternatives, we introduce two new OEMA blueprints. While these two blueprints do not correspond to reflectionless media, they are effective in absorbing incident waves in a manner robust to incident wave diversity.

Sainath, Kamalesh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Silicon-based optical leaky wave antenna with narrow beam radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

achievable in the electric far-field radiation magnitude inelectric far-field along the direction ? max of maximum radiationelectric field along the aperture. 4.3 Far-field radiation

Song, Qi; Campione, Salvatore; Boyraz, Ozdal; Capolino, Filippo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Model independent determination of the light-cone wave functions for exclusive processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method to compute, by numerical simulations of lattice QCD, the light-cone wave functions which enter exclusive processes at large momentum transfer, such as electromagnetic elastic scatterings, or exclusive semi-leptonic decays as B -> pi (B -> rho) and radiative decays as B -> K* gamma. The method is based on first principles and does not require any model assumption.

Aglietti, U; Corbò, G; Franco, E; Martinelli, G; Silvestrini, L

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Plasma physics and related challenges of millimeter-wave-to-terahertz and high power microwave generationa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the challenges have yet to be completely met for applications including noninvasive sensing of concealed weapons frequency electromagnetic radiation,1 confirming the theoretical prediction by Maxwell that visible light of the first applications for powerful radio waves, i.e., radar.4 Immediately recognizing the implications

Smith, James E.

218

Radiative Transfer of Sound Waves in a Random Flow: Turbulent Scattering and ModeCoupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systematically to derive the radiative transport equations that describe the evolution of acoustic correlation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 8 3.2 The radiative transport equations : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 9 of the radiative transport equations 21 B Derivation of the diffusion equation without flow­straining 23 C

Ryzhik, Lenya

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic-radiation-force-driven shear wave...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Aceh Besar. The shear-wave seismic surveys were done parallel to standard geoengineering investigations Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection:...

220

Electromagnetic Theory 1 /56 Electromagnetic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Theory 1 /56 Electromagnetic Theory Summary: · Maxwell's equations · EM Potentials · Equations of motion of particles in electromagnetic fields · Green's functions · Lienard-Weichert potentials · Spectral distribution of electromagnetic energy from an arbitrarily moving charge #12;Electromagnetic

Bicknell, Geoff

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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221

Electromagnetic Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that Maxwell's electromagnetism can be mapped into the Born-Infeld theory in a curved space-time, which depends only on the electromagnetic field in a specific way. This map is valid for any value of the two lorentz invariants $F$ and $G$ confirming that we have included all possible solutions of Maxwell's equations. Our result seems to show that specifying the dynamics and the space-time structure of a given theory can be viewed merely as a choice of representation to describe the physical system.

M. Novello; F. T. Falciano; E. Goulart

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

222

Direct Radiative Effect of Mineral Dust on the Development of African Easterly Waves in Late Summer, 2003-07  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Episodic events of both Saharan dust outbreaks and African easterly waves (AEWs) are observed to move westward over the eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. The relationship between the warm, dry, and dusty Saharan air layer on the nearby storms has been the subject of considerable debate. In this study, the Weather Research and Forecasting model is used to investigate the radiative effect of dust on the development of AEWs during August and September, the months of maximumtropical cyclone activity, in years 2003–07. The simulations show that dust radiative forcing enhances the convective instability of the environment. As a result, mostAEWsintensify in the presence of a dust layer. The Lorenz energy cycle analysis reveals that the dust radiative forcing enhances the condensational heating, which elevates the zonal and eddy available potential energy. In turn, available potential energy is effectively converted to eddy kinetic energy, in which local convective overturning plays the primary role. The magnitude of the intensification effect depends on the initial environmental conditions, including moisture, baroclinity, and the depth of the boundary layer. The authors conclude that dust radiative forcing, albeit small, serves as a catalyst to promote local convection that facilitates AEW development.

Ma, Po-Lun; Zhang, Kai; Shi, Jainn Jong; Matsui, Toshihisa; Arking, Albert

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Asymmetric radiative damping of low shear toroidal Alfvn eigenmodes R. M. Nyqvist and S. E. Sharapov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the American Institute of Physics. Related Articles Influence of electromagnetic radiation on the power balance, Sweden 2 EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom of toroidicity-induced Alfven eigenmodes (TAEs) in tokamaks, caused by coupling to the kinetic Alfven wave (KAW

224

Interactive visual intervention planning in particle accelerator environments with ionizing radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation is omnipresent. It has many interesting applications: in medicine, where it allows curing and diagnosing patients; in communication, where modern communication systems make use of electromagnetic radiation; and in science, where it is used to discover the structure of materials; to name a few. Physically, radiation is a process in which particles or waves travel through any kind of material, usually air. Radiation can be very energetic, in which case it can break the atoms of ordinary matter (ionization). If this is the case, radiation is called ionizing. It is known that ionizing radiation can be far more harmful to living beings than non-ionizing radiation. In this dissertation, we are concerned with ionizing radiation. Naturally occurring ionizing radiation in the form of radioactivity is a most natural phenomenon. Almost everything is radioactive: there is radiation emerging from the soil, it is in the air, and the whole planet is constantly undergoing streams of energetic cosmic radiation. Sinc...

Fabry, Thomas

225

RADIATIVE HEATING OF THE SOLAR CORONA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of solar visible and infrared radiation on electrons in the Sun's atmosphere using a Monte Carlo simulation of the wave-particle interaction and conclude that sunlight provides at least 40% and possibly all of the power required to heat the corona, with the exception of dense magnetic flux loops. The simulation uses a radiation waveform comprising 100 frequency components spanning the solar blackbody spectrum. Coronal electrons are heated in a stochastic manner by low coherence solar electromagnetic radiation. The wave 'coherence time' and 'coherence volume' for each component is determined from optical theory. The low coherence of solar radiation allows moving electrons to gain energy from the chaotic wave field which imparts multiple random velocity 'kicks' to these particles causing their velocity distribution to broaden or heat. Monte Carlo simulations of broadband solar radiative heating on ensembles of 1000 electrons show heating at per particle levels of 4.0 x 10{sup -21} to 4.0 x 10{sup -20} W, as compared with non-loop radiative loss rates of {approx}1 x 10{sup -20} W per electron. Since radiative losses comprise nearly all of the power losses in the corona, sunlight alone can explain the elevated temperatures in this region. The volume electron heating rate is proportional to density, and protons are assumed to be heated either by plasma waves or through collisions with electrons.

Moran, Thomas G., E-mail: moran@grace.nascom.nasa.gov [Physics Department, Catholic University of America, 200 Hannan Hall, Washington, DC 20064 (United States) and NASA/GSFC, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

An electromagnetic black hole made of metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditionally, a black hole is a region of space with huge gravitational field in the means of general relativity, which absorbs everything hitting it including the light. In general relativity, the presence of matter-energy densities results in the motion of matter propagating in a curved spacetime1, which is similar to the electromagnetic-wave propagation in a curved space and in an inhomogeneous metamaterial2. Hence one can simulate the black hole using electromagnetic fields and metamaterials. In a recent theoretical work, an optical black hole has been proposed based on metamaterials, in which the numerical simulations showed a highly efficient light absorption3. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of electromagnetic black hole in the microwave frequencies. The proposed black hole is composed of non-resonant and resonant metamaterial structures, which can absorb electromagnetic waves efficiently coming from all directions due to the local control of electromagnetic fields. Hence the elect...

Cheng, Qiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electrical wire insulation and electromagnetic coil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electromagnetic coil for high temperature and high radiation application in which glass is used to insulate the electrical wire. A process for applying the insulation to the wire is disclosed which results in improved insulation properties.

Bich, George J. (Penn Hills, PA); Gupta, Tapan K. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electromagnetics, 26:335, 2006 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetics, 26:3­35, 2006 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 0272-6343 print/1532 the statistical properties of the impedance (Z) and scattering (S) matrices of open electromagnetic cavities. Introduction The problem of the coupling of electromagnetic radiation in and out of structures is a general one

Anlage, Steven

229

Electromagnetic Reciprocity.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reciprocity theorem is an explicit mathematical relationship between two different wavefields that can exist within the same space - time configuration. Reciprocity theorems provi de the theoretical underpinning for mod ern full waveform inversion solutions, and also suggest practical strategies for speed ing up large - scale numerical modeling of geophysical datasets . In the present work, several previously - developed electromagnetic r eciprocity theorems are generalized to accommodate a broader range of medi um, source , and receiver types. Reciprocity relations enabling the interchange of various types of point sources and point receivers within a three - dimensional electromagnetic model are derived. Two numerical modeling algorithms in current use are successfully tested for adherence to reciprocity. Finally, the reciprocity theorem forms the point of departure for a lengthy derivation of electromagnetic Frechet derivatives. These mathe matical objects quantify the sensitivity of geophysical electromagnetic data to variatio ns in medium parameters, and thus constitute indispensable tools for solution of the full waveform inverse problem. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Sandia National Labor atories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the US Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL85000. Signif icant portions of the work reported herein were conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and CARBO Ceramics Incorporated. The author acknowledges Mr. Chad Cannan and Mr. Terry Pa lisch of CARBO Ceramics, and Ms. Amy Halloran, manager of SNL's Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences Department, for their interest in and encouragement of this work. Special thanks are due to Dr . Lewis C. Bartel ( recently retired from Sandia National Labo ratories and now a geophysical consultant ) and Dr. Chester J. Weiss (recently rejoined with Sandia National Laboratories) for many stimulating (and reciprocal!) discussions regar ding the topic at hand.

Aldridge, David F.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Incorporating spectral characteristics of Pc5 waves into three-dimensional radiation belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is the first analysis in three dimensions utilizing model ULF wave electric and magnetic fields on the guiding losses at MeV energies. This inner electron belt resides mainly below 2 RE geocen- tric distance center trajectories of relativistic electrons. A model is developed, describing magnetic and electric

Elkington, Scot R.

231

Electron acceleration and emission in a field of a plane and converging dipole wave of relativistic amplitudes with the radiation reaction force taken into account  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparative analysis is performed of the electron emission characteristics as the electrons move in laser fields with ultra-relativistic intensity and different configurations corresponding to a plane or tightly focused wave. For a plane travelling wave, analytical expressions are derived for the emission characteristics, and it is shown that the angular distribution of the radiation intensity changes qualitatively even when the wave intensity is much less than that in the case of the radiation-dominated regime. An important conclusion is drawn that the electrons in a travelling wave tend to synchronised motion under the radiation reaction force. The characteristic features of the motion of electrons are found in a converging dipole wave, associated with the curvature of the phase front and nonuniformity of the field distribution. The values of the maximum achievable longitudinal momenta of electrons accelerated to the centre, as well as their distribution function are determined. The existence of quasi-periodic trajectories near the focal region of the dipole wave is shown, and the characteristics of the emission of both accelerated and oscillating electrons are analysed. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Bashinov, Aleksei V; Gonoskov, Arkady A; Kim, A V; Marklund, Mattias; Mourou, G; Sergeev, Aleksandr M

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

232

On neutral scalar radiation by a massive orbiting star in extremal Kerr-Newman black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short note we extend the work of 1401.3746 about gravity waves by a massive orbiting star in an extremal Kerr black hole to an extremal Kerr- Newman black hole for scalar radiation, and still find that it has a CFT interpretation from Kerr-Newman/CFT. In addition, we investigate on electromagnetic radiation with Kerr/CFT, which a detailed analysis isn't given by 1401.3746.

Nan Bai; Yi-Hong Gao; Xiao-bao Xu

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Method and apparatus for generating radiation utilizing DC to AC conversion with a conductive front  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus for generating radiation of high power, variable duration and broad tunability over several orders of magnitude from a laser-ionized gas-filled capacitor array. The method and apparatus convert a DC electric field pattern into a coherent electromagnetic wave train when a relativistic ionization front passes between the capacitor plates. The frequency and duration of the radiation is controlled by the gas pressure and capacitor spacing.

Dawson, John M. (Pacific Palisades, CA); Mori, Warren B. (Hermosa Beach, CA); Lai, Chih-Hsiang (So. Pasadena, CA); Katsouleas, Thomas C. (Malibu, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Method and apparatus for generating radiation utilizing DC to AC conversion with a conductive front  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus ar disclosed for generating radiation of high power, variable duration and broad tunability over several orders of magnitude from a laser-ionized gas-filled capacitor array. The method and apparatus convert a DC electric field pattern into a coherent electromagnetic wave train when a relativistic ionization front passes between the capacitor plates. The frequency and duration of the radiation is controlled by the gas pressure and capacitor spacing. 4 figs.

Dawson, J.M.; Mori, W.B.; Lai, C.H.; Katsouleas, T.C.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

235

Experimental determination of radiated internal wave power without pressure field Frank M. Lee,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= S d2 x pv · ^n , (1) where J = pv is the baroclinic energy flux, p is the perturbed pressure field, v to determine, using only velocity field data, the time-averaged energy flux J and total radiated power P) that can be used to compute the energy flux and power from any two-dimensional velocity field data. PACS

Morrison, Philip J.,

236

AIP/123-QED Experimental determination of radiated internal wave power without pressure field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S is given by, P = S d2 x J · ^n = S d2 x pv · ^n , (1) where J = pv is the baroclinic energy flux, p, using only velocity field data, the time-averaged energy flux J and total radiated power P for two the energy flux and power from any two-dimensional velocity field data. PACS numbers: Valid PACS appear here

Texas at Austin. University of

237

Electromagnetic material changes for remote detection and monitoring: a feasibility study: Progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for radiation detection is proposed, allowing a decoupling of the sensing medium and the readout. An electromagnetic material, such as a magnetic ceramic ferrite, is placed near a source to be tracked such as a shipping container. The electromagnetic material changes its properties, in this case its magnetic permeability, as a function of radiation. This change is evident as a change in reflection frequency and magnitude when probed using a microwave/millimeter-wave source. This brief report discusses modeling of radiation interaction of various candidate materials using a radiation detector modeling code Geant4, system design considerations for the remote readout, and some theory of the material interaction physics. The theory of radiation change in doped magnetic insulator ferrites such as yttrium iron garnet (YIG) seems well founded based on literature documentation of the photomagnetic effect. The literature also suggests sensitivity of permittivity to neutrons in some ferroelectrics. Research to date indicates that experimental demonstration of these effects in the context of radiation detection is warranted.

McCloy, John S.; Jordan, David V.; Kelly, James F.; McMakin, Douglas L.; Johnson, Bradley R.; Campbell, Luke W.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Gravitational Waves in G4v  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational coupling of the propagation four-vectors of matter wave functions is formulated in flat space-time. Coupling at the momentum level rather than at the "force-law" level greatly simplifies many calculations. This locally Lorentz-invariant approach (G4v) treats electromagnetic and gravitational coupling on an equal footing. Classical mechanics emerges from the incoherent aggregation of matter wave functions. The theory reproduces, to first order beyond Newton, the standard GR results for Gravity-Probe B, deflection of light by massive bodies, precession of orbits, gravitational red shift, and total gravitational-wave energy radiated by a circular binary system. Its predictions of total radiated energy from highly eccentric Kepler systems are slightly larger than those of similar GR treatments. G4v predictions differ markedly from those of GR for the gravitational-wave radiation patterns from rotating massive systems, and for the LIGO antenna pattern. The predicted antenna patterns have been shown to be highly distinguishable in the case of continuous gravitational-wave sources, and should therefore be testable as data from Advanced LIGO becomes available over the next few years.

Carver Mead

2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

239

Guided wave radiation from a point source in the proximity of a pipe bend  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Throughout the oil and gas industry corrosion and erosion damage monitoring play a central role in managing asset integrity. Recently, the use of guided wave technology in conjunction with tomography techniques has provided the possibility of obtaining point-by-point maps of wall thickness loss over the entire volume of a pipeline section between two ring arrays of ultrasonic transducers. However, current research has focused on straight pipes while little work has been done on pipe bends which are also the most susceptible to developing damage. Tomography of the bend is challenging due to the complexity and computational cost of the 3-D elastic model required to accurately describe guided wave propagation. To overcome this limitation, we introduce a 2-D anisotropic inhomogeneous acoustic model which represents a generalization of the conventional unwrapping used for straight pipes. The shortest-path ray-tracing method is then applied to the 2-D model to compute ray paths and predict the arrival times of the fundamental flexural mode, A0, excited by a point source on the straight section of pipe entering the bend and detected on the opposite side. Good agreement is found between predictions and experiments performed on an 8” diameter (D) pipe with 1.5 D bend radius. The 2-D model also reveals the existence of an acoustic lensing effect which leads to a focusing phenomenon also confirmed by the experiments. The computational efficiency of the 2-D model makes it ideally suited for tomography algorithms.

Brath, A. J.; Nagy, P. B. [Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States); Simonetti, F. [Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221,USA and Cincinnati NDE, Cincinnati, OH 45244 (United States); Instanes, G. [ClampOn AS, 5162 Laksevaag, Bergen, Norway and Cincinnati NDE, Cincinnati, OH 45244 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

240

Space-time Curvature of Classical Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The space-time curvature carried by electromagnetic fields is discovered and a new unification of geometry and electromagnetism is found. Curvature is invariant under charge reversal symmetry. Electromagnetic field equations are examined with De Rham co homology theory. Radiative electromagnetic fields must be exact and co exact to preclude unobserved massless topological charges. Weyl's conformal tensor, here called ``the gravitational field'', is decomposed into a divergence-free non-local piece with support everywhere and a local piece with the same support as the matter. By tuning a local gravitational field to a Maxwell field the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field is discovered. This gravitational field carries the electromagnetic field's polarization or phase information, unlike Maxwell's stress-energy tensor. The unification assumes Einstein's equations and derives Maxwell's equations from curvature assumptions. Gravity forbids magnetic monopoles! This unification is stronger than the Einstein-Maxwell equations alone, as those equations must produce the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field and not just any conformal tensor. Charged black holes are examples. Curvature of radiative null electromagnetic fields is characterized.

R. W. M. Woodside

2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part II: Radiation of Gravity Waves from a Gaussian Jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part II structures that dominate wave momentum and energy transport. When the interior of a typical midlatitude jet and energy at jet interior critical levels. Longer waves transport momentum and energy away from the jet

Farrell, Brian F.

242

Electromagnetic compatibility in semiconductor manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) causes problems in semiconductor manufacturing facilities that range from nuisances to major disruptions of production. In many instances, these issues are addressed in a reactionary rather than proactive manner by individuals who do not have the experience or the equipment necessary to combat EMI problems in a timely, cost effective manner. This approach leads to expensive retrofits, reduced equipment availability, long recovery times, and in some cases, line yield impacts. The goal of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in semiconductor manufacturing is to ensure that semiconductor process, metrology, and support equipment operate as intended without being affected by electromagnetic disturbances either transmitted through air (radiated interference), or transferred into the equipment via a conductive media (conducted interference). Rather than being neglected until serious issues arise, EMC should be considered in the early stages of facility design, in order to gain the most benefit at the lowest cost.

Montoya, J.A. [Intel Corp., Hillsboro, OR (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

Relativistic approach to electromagnetic imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel imaging principle based on the interaction of electromagnetic waves with a beam of relativistic electrons is proposed. Wave-particle interaction is assumed to take place in a small spatial domain, so that each electron is only briefly accelerated by the incident field. In the one-dimensional case the spatial distribution of the source density can be directly observed in the temporal spectrum of the scattered field. Whereas, in the two-dimensional case the relation between the source and the spectrum is shown to be approximately the Radon transform.

Budko, N

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Relativistic approach to electromagnetic imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel imaging principle based on the interaction of electromagnetic waves with a beam of relativistic electrons is proposed. Wave-particle interaction is assumed to take place in a small spatial domain, so that each electron is only briefly accelerated by the incident field. In the one-dimensional case the spatial distribution of the source density can be directly observed in the temporal spectrum of the scattered field. Whereas, in the two-dimensional case the relation between the source and the spectrum is shown to be approximately the Radon transform.

Neil Budko

2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

245

Study of radiative blast waves generated on the Z-beamlet laser.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the original goals of the project to study the Vishniac Overstability on blast waves produced using the Z-Beamlet laser facility as well as the actual results. The proposed work was to build on earlier work on the facility and result in the best characterized set of data for such phenomena in the laboratory. To accomplish the goals it was necessary to modify the existing probe laser at the facility so that it could take multiple images over the course of 1-2 microseconds. Troubles with modifying the probe laser are detailed as well as the work that went into said modifications. The probe laser modification ended up taking the entire length of the project and were the major accomplishment of the research.

Edens, Aaron D.; Schwarz, Jens

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Probing the thermal character of analogue Hawking radiation for shallow water waves?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study and numerically compute the scattering coefficients of shallow water waves blocked by a stationary counterflow. When the flow is transcritical, the coefficients closely follow Hawking's prediction according to which black holes should emit a thermal spectrum. We study how the spectrum deviates from thermality when reducing the maximal flow velocity, with a particular attention to subcritical flows since these have been recently used to test Hawking's prediction. For such flows, we show that the emission spectrum is strongly suppressed, and that its Planckian character is completely lost. For low frequencies, we also show that the scattering coefficients are dominated by elastic hydrodynamical channels. Our numerical results reproduce rather well the observations made by S. Weinfurtner {\\it et al.} in the Vancouver experiment. Nevertheless, we propose a new interpretation of what has been observed, as well as new experimental tests.

Florent Michel; Renaud Parentani

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Tachyons and Gravitational Cherenkov Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND GRAVITATIONAL CHERENKOV RADIATION CHARLES SCHWARTZwould emit gravitational radiation. It is very small.gravitational waves; Cherenkov radiation. In a recent work,

Schwartz, Charles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

On the Axioms of Topological Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The axioms of topological electromagnetism are refined by the introduction of the de Rham homology of k-vector fields on orientable manifolds and the use of Poincare duality in place of Hodge duality. The central problem of defining the electromagnetic constitutive law is elaborated upon in the linear and nonlinear cases. The manner by which the spacetime metric might follow from the constitutive law is examined in the linear case. The possibility that the intersection form of the spacetime manifold might play a role in defining a topological basis for the constitutive law is explored. The manner by which wave motion might follow from the electromagnetic structure is also discussed.

D. H. Delphenich

2003-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Electromagnetic time reversal algorithms and source localization in lossy dielectric media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of reconstructing the spatial support of an extended radiating electric current source density in a lossy dielectric medium from transient boundary measurements of the electric fields is studied. A time reversal algorithm is proposed to localize a source density from loss-less wave-field measurements. Further, in order to recover source densities in a lossy medium, we first build attenuation operators thereby relating loss-less waves with lossy ones. Then based on asymptotic expansions of attenuation operators with respect to attenuation parameter, we propose two time reversal strategies for localization. The losses in electromagnetic wave propagation are incorporated using the Debye's complex permittivity, which is well-adopted for low frequencies (radio and microwave) associated with polarization in dielectrics.

Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Tasawar Hayat; Rab Nawaz

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

250

Electromagnetic Field Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Field Theory BO THID� UPSILON BOOKS #12;#12;ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY #12;#12;Electromagnetic Field Theory BO THID� Swedish Institute of Space Physics and Department of Astronomy and Space, Sweden UPSILON BOOKS · COMMUNA AB · UPPSALA · SWEDEN #12;Also available ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY

Hart, Gus

251

Scanning evanescent electro-magnetic microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel scanning microscope is described that uses near-field evanescent electromagnetic waves to probe sample properties. The novel microscope is capable of high resolution imaging and quantitative measurements of the electrical properties of the sample. The inventive scanning evanescent wave electromagnetic microscope (SEMM) can map dielectric constant, tangent loss, conductivity, complex electrical impedance, and other electrical parameters of materials. The quantitative map corresponds to the imaged detail. The novel microscope can be used to measure electrical properties of both dielectric and electrically conducting materials.

Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Gao, Chen (Alameda, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks with laterally modulated Josephson critical current.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks realized in mesas fabricated out of high-temperature superconductors may be used as sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz range. The major challenge is to synchronize Josephson oscillations in all junctions in the stack to get significant radiation out of the crystal edge parallel to the c axis. We suggest a simple way to solve this problem via artificially prepared lateral modulation of the Josephson critical current identical in all junctions. In such a stack, phase oscillations excite the in-phase Fiske mode when the Josephson frequency matches the Fiske-resonance frequency which is set by the stack lateral size. The powerful, almost standing electromagnetic wave is excited inside the crystal in the resonance. This wave is homogeneous across the layers, meaning that the oscillations are synchronized in all junctions in the stack. We evaluate behavior of the I-V characteristics and radiated power near the resonance for arbitrary modulation and find exact solutions for several special cases corresponding to symmetric and asymmetric modulations of the critical current.

Koshelev, A. E.; Bulaevskii, L. N.; Materials Science Division; LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Terahertz radiation by optical rectification in a hydrogen-bonded organic molecular ferroelectric crystal, 2-phenylmalondialdehyde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terahertz radiation by optical rectification has been observed at room temperature in a hydrogen-bonded organic molecular ferroelectric crystal, 2-phenyl malondialdehyde (PhMDA). The radiated electromagnetic wave consisted of a single-cycle terahertz pulse with a temporal width of $\\sim$ 0.5 ps. The terahertz radiation amplitude divided by the sample thickness in PhMDA was nearly equivalent to that in a typical terahertz wave emitter ZnTe. This is attributable to a long coherence length in the range of 130 $\\sim$ 800 $\\mu$m for the terahertz radiation from PhMDA. We also discussed the possibility of PhMDA as a terahertz wave emitter in terms of the phase-matching condition.

Guan, W; Sotome, M; Kinoshita, Y; Takeda, R; Inoue, A; Horiuchi, S; Okamoto, H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Mechanism and computational model for Lyman-{alpha}-radiation generation by high-intensity-laser four-wave mixing in Kr-Ar gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theoretical model combined with a computational study of a laser four-wave mixing process under optical discharge in which the non-steady-state four-wave amplitude equations are integrated with the kinetic equations of initial optical discharge and electron avalanche ionization in Kr-Ar gas. The model is validated by earlier experimental data showing strong inhibition of the generation of pulsed, tunable Lyman-{alpha} (Ly-{alpha}) radiation when using sum-difference frequency mixing of 212.6 nm and tunable infrared radiation (820-850 nm). The rigorous computational approach to the problem reveals the possibility and mechanism of strong auto-oscillations in sum-difference resonant Ly-{alpha} generation due to the combined effect of (i) 212.6-nm (2+1)-photon ionization producing initial electrons, followed by (ii) the electron avalanche dominated by 843-nm radiation, and (iii) the final breakdown of the phase matching condition. The model shows that the final efficiency of Ly-{alpha} radiation generation can achieve a value of {approx}5x10{sup -4} which is restricted by the total combined absorption of the fundamental and generated radiation.

Louchev, Oleg A.; Saito, Norihito; Wada, Satoshi [Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan); Bakule, Pavel [STFC, ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Yokoyama, Koji [Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan); Advanced Meson Science Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Ishida, Katsuhiko; Iwasaki, Masahiko [Advanced Meson Science Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electromagnetic field of a charge intersecting a cold plasma boundary in a waveguide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the electromagnetic field of a charge crossing a boundary between a vacuum and cold plasma in a waveguide. We obtain exact expressions for the field components and the spectral density of the transition radiation. With the steepest descent technique, we investigate the field components. We show that the electromagnetic field has a different structure in a vacuum than in cold plasma. We also develop an algorithm for the computation of the field based on a certain transformation of the integration path. The behavior of the field depending on distance and time and the spectral density depending on frequency are explored for different charge velocities. Some important physical effects are noted. A considerable increase and concentration of the field near the wave front in the plasma is observed for the case of ultrarelativistic particles. In the plasma, the mode envelopes and spectral density show zero points when the charge velocity is within certain limits.

Alekhina, Tatiana Yu.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V. [Radiophysics Department of St. Petersburg University, 1 Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electromagnetic models of the lightning return stroke Yoshihiro Baba1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic models of the lightning return stroke Yoshihiro Baba1 and Vladimir A. Rakov2] Lightning return-stroke models are needed for specifying the source in studying the production of transient-called engineering models, electromagnetic return-stroke models allow a self-consistent full-wave solution for both

Florida, University of

257

Electromagnetic space-time crystals. II. Fractal computational approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fractal approach to numerical analysis of electromagnetic space-time crystals, created by three standing plane harmonic waves with mutually orthogonal phase planes and the same frequency, is presented. Finite models of electromagnetic crystals are introduced, which make possible to obtain various approximate solutions of the Dirac equation. A criterion for evaluating accuracy of these approximate solutions is suggested.

G. N. Borzdov

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

258

Line geometry and electromagnetism III: groups of transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of linear and projective groups of transformations in line geometry and electromagnetism is examined in accordance with Klein's Erlanger Programm for geometries. The group of collineations of real projective space is chosen as the most general group, and reductions to some of its various subgroups are then detailed according to their relevance to electromagnetic fields, and especially wave-like ones.

D. H. Delphenich

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

Radiation Reaction, Renormalization and Poincaré Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the self-action problem in classical electrodynamics of a massive point-like charge, as well as of a massless one. A consistent regularization procedure is proposed, which exploits the symmetry properties of the theory. The radiation reaction forces in both 4D and 6D are derived. It is demonstrated that the Poincar\\'e-invariant six-dimensional electrodynamics of the massive charge is renormalizable theory. Unlike the massive case, the rates of radiated energy-momentum tend to infinity whenever the source is accelerated. The external electromagnetic fields, which do not change the velocity of the particle, admit only its presence within the interaction area. The effective equation of motion is the equation for eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the electromagnetic tensor. The interference part of energy-momentum radiated by two massive point charges arbitrarily moving in flat spacetime is evaluated. It is shown that the sum of work done by Lorentz forces of charges acting on one another exhausts the effect of combination of outgoing electromagnetic waves generated by the charges.

Yurij Yaremko

2005-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

260

Light scattering by radiation fields: the optical medium analogy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optical medium analogy of a radiation field generated by either an exact gravitational plane wave or an exact electromagnetic wave in the framework of general relativity is developed. The equivalent medium of the associated background field is inhomogeneous and anisotropic in the former case, whereas it is inhomogeneous but isotropic in the latter. The features of light scattering are investigated by assuming the interaction region to be sandwiched between two flat spacetime regions, where light rays propagate along straight lines. Standard tools of ordinary wave optics are used to study the deflection of photon paths due to the interaction with the radiation fields, allowing for a comparison between the optical properties of the equivalent media associated with the different background fields.

Donato Bini; Pierluigi Fortini; Andrea Geralico; Maria Haney; Antonello Ortolan

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings H.T. Banks, Shuhua University Raleigh, NC 27695-8212 December 11, 2009 Abstract We consider the electromagnetic detection of a Doppler shift for an electromagnetic wave reflecting from a moving interface. This entails solving Maxwell

262

THIN LAYER MODELS FOR ELECTROMAGNETISM MARC DURUFLE, VICTOR PERON, AND CLAIR POIGNARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THIN LAYER MODELS FOR ELECTROMAGNETISM MARC DURUFL´E, VICTOR P´ERON, AND CLAIR POIGNARD ABSTRACT of electromagnetic waves in domains with thin layer. These models appear as first order approximations of the electromagnetic field. They are obtained thanks to a multiscale expansion of the exact solution with respect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we

Loyka, Sergey

264

Electromagnetically induced torque on a large ring in the microwave range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetically induced torque on a large ring in the microwave range Olivier EMILE1) Abstract We report on the exchange of Orbital Angular Momentum between an electromagnetic wave and a 30 cm in the detection of angular momentum in electromagnetics, in acoustics and also in the magnetization

Boyer, Edmond

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma P... in a standing wave. The associated ponderomotive force generates...

266

Investigation of electromagnetic welding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose several methodologies to study and optimize the electromagnetic process for Electromagnetic Forming (EMF) and Welding (EMW), thereby lowering the necessary process energy up to a factor of three and lengthening ...

Pressl, Daniel G. (Daniel Gerd)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Electromagnetic properties of neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A short review on electromagnetic properties of neutrinos is presented. In spite of many efforts in the theoretical and experimental studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties, they still remain one of the main puzzles related to neutrinos.

Carlo Giunti; Alexander Studenikin

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

268

3-D Wave Propagation Simulation in Complex Indoor Structures Farshid Aryanfar' and Kamal Sarabandi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3-D Wave Propagation Simulation in Complex Indoor Structures Farshid Aryanfar' and Kamal Sarabandi in different environments is important for specifying system parameters. Recently, wave propagation prediction electromagnetic wave propagation models have been developed. Examination of reported wave propagation algorithms

Sarabandi, Kamal

269

VOLUME 87, NUMBER 8 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 20 AUGUST 2001 Investigation of Ultrafast Laser-Driven Radiative Blast Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is believed to be due to the stabilizing effect of a relatively thick blast wave shell resulting in part from of Ultrafast Laser-Driven Radiative Blast Waves M.J. Edwards,1 A. J. MacKinnon,1 J. Zweiback,1 K. Shigemori,2 D blast waves produced by the deposition of femtosecond laser pulses in gas jets. In high-Z gases

Ditmire, Todd

270

A Full Review of the Theory of Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We will provide detailed arguments showing that the set of Maxwell equations, and the corresponding wave equations, do not properly describe the evolution of electromagnetic wave-fronts. We propose a nonlinear corrected version that is proven to be far more appropriate for the modellization of electromagnetic phenomena. The suitability of this approach will soon be evident to the reader, through a sequence of astonishing congruences, making the model as elegant as Maxwell's, but with increased chances of development. Actually, the new set of equations will allow us to explain many open questions, and find links between electromagnetism and other theories that have been searched for a long time, or not even imagined.

D. Funaro

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

271

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study University of Tokyo #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki 2 Prologue · EM probe and where they are produced; #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki

Hamagaki, Hideki

272

Electromagnetic Abdulaziz Hanif  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Propulsion Abdulaziz Hanif Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of spacecraft, which would be jolted through space by electromagnets, could take us farther than any of these other methods. When cooled to extremely low temperatures, electromagnets demonstrate an unusual behavior

Masoudi, Husain M.

273

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study Graduate School of Science the University of Tokyo #12;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki Hamagaki 3 Prologue ­ scope of EM measurements · EM

Hamagaki, Hideki

274

Transient electromagnetic interference in substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference levels on sensitive electronic equipment are quantified experimentally and theoretically in air and gas insulated substations of different voltages. Measurement techniques for recording interference voltages and currents and electric and magnetic fields are reviewed and actual interference data are summarized. Conducted and radiated interference coupling mechanisms and levels in substation control wiring are described using both measurement results and electromagnetic models validated against measurements. The nominal maximum field and control wire interference levels expected in the switchyard and inside the control house from switching operations, faults, and an average lightning strike are estimated using high frequency transient coupling models. Comparisons with standards are made and recommendations given concerning equipment shielding and surge protection.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Nickel, F.S.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

DNA waves and water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some bacterial and viral DNA sequences have been found to induce low frequency electromagnetic waves in high aqueous dilutions. This phenomenon appears to be triggered by the ambient electromagnetic background of very low frequency. We discuss this phenomenon in the framework of quantum field theory. A scheme able to account for the observations is proposed. The reported phenomenon could allow to develop highly sensitive detection systems for chronic bacterial and viral infections.

L. Montagnier; J. Aissa; E. Del Giudice; C. Lavallee; A. Tedeschi; G. Vitiello

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Development and testing of radiation and electromagnetic pulse-hardened silicon carbide-based electronics. Quarterly report, 1 Dec 90-28 Feb 91  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There were three primary objectives for this reporting period. The first was to electrically characterize junction diodes as a function of temperature. This included both current-voltage (I-V) and capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements. The second was to fabricate low (about 125 V) and medium (about 450 V) voltage p-n junction rectifiers for neutron and gamma exposure tests. The third objective was to fabricate JFET devices with reduced gate and drain leakage currents than those discussed in the previous report and to package these devices in preparation for radiation testing.

Edmond, J.A.; Palmour, J.W.

1991-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

277

Electromagnetically driven peristaltic pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electromagnetic peristaltic pump apparatus may comprise a main body section having an inlet end and an outlet end and a flexible membrane which divides the main body section into a first cavity and a second cavity. The first cavity is in fluid communication with the inlet and outlet ends of the main body section. The second cavity is not in fluid communication with the first cavity and contains an electrically conductive fluid. The second cavity includes a plurality of electrodes which are positioned within the second cavity generally adjacent the flexible membrane. A magnetic field generator produces a magnetic field having a plurality of flux lines at least some of which are contained within the second cavity of the main body section and which are oriented generally parallel to a flow direction in which a material flows between the inlet and outlet ends of the main body section. A control system selectively places a voltage potential across selected ones of the plurality of electrodes to deflect the flexible membrane in a wave-like manner to move material contained in the first cavity between the inlet and outlet ends of the main body section.

Marshall, Douglas W. (Blackfoot, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Shielding effectiveness against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of metal-filled and metal-coated plastics and other modified dielectric materials to replace metals for enclosures has created a need to test these materials for their electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Shielding effectiveness involves a variety of electromagnetic environments, and useful data can be obtained from tests that carefully limit the environment to that of a plane wave. Such an environment can be created in a circular or rectangular transmission line. Two such transmission line test fixtures, which hold samples of the material to be tested, have been developed. The fixtures described in this report are the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell, and a dual TEM cell constructed at ORNL from a design suggested by the NBS. The NBS coaxial fixture is an improved version of the device recommended by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The problems associated with measuring SE are well described in the literature. The two methods described here are the result of years of work to establish procedures and instrumentation that will produce acceptable data.

Googe, J.M.; Hess, R.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

On the Phenomenology of Tachyon Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a brief overview of the different kinds of electromagnetic radiations expected to come from (or to be induced by) space-like sources (tachyons). New domains of radiation are here considered; and the possibility of experimental observation of tachyons via electromagnetic radiation is discussed.

Ron Folman; Erasmo Recami

1995-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

280

Characteristics of electromagnetic interference generated during discharge of Mylar samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the measurements of the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated during discharges of Mylar samples. The two components of EMI, the conducted emission and the radiated emission, are characterized by the replacement current and the radiated RF spectrum respectively. The measured radiated RF spectra reveal important information on the source of the electromagnetic radiation. The possible sources are the replacement current pulse and the discharged generated plasma. The scaling of the amplitudes of the EMI, as a function of the area of the test sample, is also discussed.

Leung, P.L.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Electromagnetic soliton-particle with spin and magnetic moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic soliton-particle with both quasi-static and quick-oscillating wave parts is considered. Its mass, spin, charge, and magnetic moment appear naturally when the interaction with distant solitons is considered. The substantiation of Dirac equation for the wave part of the interacting soliton-particle is given.

Alexander A. Chernitskii

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Summary of IEEE Standard C37.90.2-1995 ``Withstand capability of relay systems to radiated electromagnetic interference from transceivers``  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the experience with the Trial Use Standard ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2-1987, the discussions in Working Group E2 of the Power System Relaying Committee, and the changes that have been made to the 1987 trial use standard before the 1995 standard was approved. The major change is a substantial increase in the required field strength, now 35 volts/meter vs. the previous 10--20 V/m. The 1987 Working Group requested feedback from those testing relays per the trial-use standard. In the Foreward to that document, comments were requested in the following areas: (1) Is the test relatively straightforward to perform? Describe problem(s) encountered. (2) Were the test procedures and test results easy to interpret? (3) Are the test results repeatable? (4) Does amplitude modulation or the keying test produce malfunctions not detected by the continuous wave test? Based on the comments received on these matters, and on the fundamental issue of RF test level, there was a clear need to revise and update the 1987 Standard.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

SOLAR NANTENNA ELECTROMAGNETIC COLLECTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research explores a new efficient approach for producing electricity from the abundant energy of the sun. A nanoantenna electromagnetic collector (NEC) has been designed, prototyped, and tested. Proof of concept has been validated. The device targets mid-infrared wavelengths where conventional photovoltaic (PV) solar cells do not respond but is abundant in solar energy. The initial concept of designing NEC antennas was based on scaling of radio frequency antenna theory. This approach has proven unsuccessful by many due to not fully understanding and accounting for the optical behavior of materials in the THz region. Also until recent years the nanofabrication methods were not available to fabricate the optical antenna elements. We have addressed and overcome both technology barriers. Several factors were critical in successful implementation of NEC including: 1) frequency-dependent modeling of antenna elements, 2) selection of materials with proper THz properties and 3) novel manufacturing methods that enable economical large-scale manufacturing. The work represents an important step toward the ultimate realization of a low-cost device that will collect as well as convert this radiation into electricity, which will lead to a wide spectrum, high conversion efficiency, and low cost solution to complement conventional PVs.

Steven D. Novack; Dale K. Kotter; Dennis Slafer; Patrick Pinhero

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Analysis of spatial mode sensitivity of gravitational wave interferometer and targeted search for gravitational radiation from the Crab pulsar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the last several years the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) has been making steady progress in improving the sensitivities of its three interferometers, two in Hanford, Washington, and one ...

Betzwieser, Joseph (Joseph Charles)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Emission of terahertz waves from stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By patterning mesoscopic crystals of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8} (BSCCO) into electromagnetic resonators the oscillations of a large number of intrinsic Josephson junctions can be synchronized into a macroscopic coherent state accompanied by the emission of strong continuous wave THz-radiation. The temperature dependence of the emission is governed by the interplay of self-heating in the resonator and by re-trapping of intrinsic Josephson junctions which can yield a strongly non-monotonic temperature dependence of the emission power. Furthermore, proper shaping of the resonators yields THz-sources with voltage-tunable emission frequencies.

Gray, K. E.; Koshelev, A. E.; Kurter, C.; Kadowaki, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Minami, H.; Yamaguchi, H.; Tachiki, M.; Kwok, W.-K.; Welp, U.; Materials Science Division; Izmir Inst. of Tech.; Univ. Tsukuba; Univ. Tokyo

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Unbalanced electromagnetic forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . I :, jazdz g (Member) (Member) August 1974 -" ~ 5:. -. 62 ABSTRACT Unbalanced Electromagnetic Forces (August 1974) Craig Martin Hansen, B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Dr. Attilio J. Giaroia Electromagnetic forces from moving... be deduced from the history of the development of an under- standing of electromagnetic forces. This is a relatively short history (starting in the late 1800's) filled with misunderstandings and pre]udices. This history can be divided into two eras: non...

Hansen, Craig Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

287

Meson electromagnetic form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

288

Complex geometry and pre-metric electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intimate link between complex geometry and the problem of the pre-metric formulation of electromagnetism is explored. In particular, the relationship between 3+1 decompositions of R4 and the decompositions of the vector space of bivectors over R4 into real and imaginary subspaces relative to a choice of complex structure is emphasized. The role of the various scalar products on the space of bivectors that are defined in terms of a volume element on R4 and a complex structure on the space of bivectors that makes it C-linear isomorphic to C3 is discussed in the context of formulation of a theory of electromagnetism in which the Lorentzian metric on spacetime follows as a consequence of the existence of electromagnetic waves, not a prior assumption.

D. H. Delphenich

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 74, 119, 2007 ANALYSIS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

partially re-radiates, and partially dissipates within the FR body, eventually producing heat. Both re-radiated energy and heat loss in the FR depend on coupling between the FR and the electromagnetic field picks out energy from electromagnetic field at the ferromagnetic resonance. Thus the typical linewidth

Koledintseva, Marina Y.

290

Electromagnetic probes of the QGP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the properties of the QCD matter across the deconfinement phase transition in the scope of the parton-hadron string dynamics (PHSD) transport approach. We present here in particular the results on the electromagnetic radiation, i.e. photon and dilepton production, in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. By comparing our calculations for the heavy-ion collisions to the available data, we determine the relative importance of the various production sources and address the possible origin of the observed strong elliptic flow $v_2$ of direct photons. We argue that the different centrality dependence of the hadronic and partonic sources for direct photon production in nucleus-nucleus collisions can be employed to shed some more light on the origin of the photon $v_2$ "puzzle". While the dilepton spectra at low invariant mass show in-medium effects like an enhancement from multiple baryonic resonance formation or a collisional broadening of the vector meson spectral functions, the dilepton yield at high invariant masses (above 1.1 GeV) is dominated by QGP contributions for central heavy-ion collisions at ultra-relativistic energies. This allows to have an independent view on the parton dynamics via their electromagnetic massive radiation.

E. L. Bratkovskaya; O. Linnyk; W. Cassing

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Low-frequency electromagnetic field in a Wigner crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-wave low-frequency oscillations are described in a Wigner crystal by generalization of the reverse continuum model for the case of electronic lattice. The internal self-consistent long-wave electromagnetic field is used to describe the collective motions in the system. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the obtained system of equations are derived. The velocities of longitudinal and transversal sound waves are found.

Stupka, Anton [Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovs'k National University, Gagarin Ave., 72, 49010 Dnipropetrovs'k (Ukraine)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Direct and Inverse Problems for Wave Propagation in Random Media February 29, 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vector and #27;(z) is the dissipation. The local acoustic sound speed is given by c(z) = s K(z) #26;(z Abstract The propagation of waves (acoustic, elastic, electromagnetic) in randomly layered media is highly that our work on the acoustic wave equation can be generalized to elastic waves and electromagnetic waves

Asch, Mark

293

NISTHB 150-11 Electromagnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NISTHB 150-11 NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility and Telecommunications Bethany Hackett Bradley. #12;NISTHB 150-11 NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility and Telecommunications Bethany Hackett Bradley Programs Dennis Camell Electromagnetics Division Physical Measurement Laboratory http://dx.doi.org/10

294

A Wave Interpretation of the Compton Effect As a Further Demonstration of the Postulates of de Broglie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compton effect is commonly cited as a demonstration of the particle feature of light, while the wave nature of matter has been proposed by de Broglie and demonstrated by Davisson and Germer with the Bragg diffraction of electron beams. In this investigation, we present an entirely different interpretation of the Compton effect based on the postulates of de Broglie and on an interaction between electromagnetic and matter waves. The speeds of interacting electrons in the Compton scattering are quite fast and its mechanism relies heavily on the mass variation. Thus, based on this wave interpretation, the Compton effect can be viewed as a further demonstration of the postulates of de Broglie for high-speed particles. In addition to the scattered wave, a direct radiation depending on the mass variation is predicted, which provides a means to test the wave interpretation.

Ching-Chuan Su

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe new configurations of electromagnetic (EM) material parameters, the electric permittivity $\\epsilon$ and magnetic permeability $\\mu$, that allow one to construct from metamaterials objects that function as invisible tunnels. These allow EM wave propagation between two points, but the tunnels and the regions they enclose are not detectable to EM observations. Such devices function as wormholes with respect to Maxwell's equations and effectively change the topology of space vis-a-vis EM wave propagation. We suggest several applications, including devices behaving as virtual magnetic monopoles.

Allan Greenleaf; Yaroslav Kurylev; Matti Lassas; Gunther Uhlmann

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

296

Global aspects of radiation memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational radiation has a memory effect represented by a net change in the relative positions of test particles. Both the linear and nonlinear sources proposed for this radiation memory are of the "electric" type, or E mode, as characterized by the even parity of the polarization pattern. Although "magnetic" type, or B mode, radiation memory is mathematically possible, no physically realistic source has been identified. There is an electromagnetic counterpart to radiation memory in which the velocity of charged particles obtain a net "kick". Again, the physically realistic sources of electromagnetic radiation memory that have been identified are of the electric type. In this paper, a global null cone description of the electromagnetic field is applied to establish the non-existence of B mode radiation memory and the non-existence of E mode radiation memory due to a bound charge distribution.

J. Winicour

2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

297

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 58, NO. 1, JANUARY 2009 129 Very-Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Walter J. Varhue, and Stephen Titcomb, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Naturally occurring electromagnetic and difficult to detect under normal conditions. These naturally occurring VLF electromagnetic events. This electronic system can be used to monitor VLF electromagnetic radiation in residential and occupational

Motai, Yuichi

298

Emission of coherent THz-radiation from superconductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compact solid-state sources of terahertz (THz) radiation are being sought for sensing, imaging, and spectroscopy applications across the physical and biological sciences. We demonstrate that coherent continuous-wave THz radiation of sizable power can be extracted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in the layered high-temperature superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8}. In analogy to a laser cavity, the excitation of an electromagnetic cavity resonance inside the sample generates a macroscopic coherent state in which a large number of junctions are synchronized to oscillate in phase. The emission power is found to increase as the square of the number of junctions reaching values of 0.5 microwatt at frequencies up to 0.85 THz, and persists up to 50 kelvin. These results should stimulate the development of superconducting compact sources of THz radiation.

Ozyuzer, L.; Koshelev, A. E.; Kurter, C.; Gopalsami, N.; Li, Q.; Tachiki, M.; Kadowaki, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Minami, H.; Yamaguchi, H.; Tachiki, T.; Gray, K. E.; Kwok, W.- K.; Welp, U.; Izmir Inst. Tech.; Illinois Inst. Tech.; Univ. Tokyo; Univ. Tsukuba; Nat. Defence Academy

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

299

Purely electromagnetic spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrovacuum solutions devoid of usual mass sources are classified in the case of one, two and three commuting Killing vectors. Three branches of solutions exist. Electromagnetically induced mass terms appear in some of them.

B. V. Ivanov

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Electromagnetic Radiation and in-Medium Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theory of thermal photon and dilepton emission from a hot and dense hadronic gas, as well as from the Quark-Gluon Plasma, is reviewed in the context of extracting in-medium properties of the matter constituents. In phenomenological applications to ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions we focus on recent photon and dilepton spectra as measured by WA98 and CERES/NA45, respectively, at CERN-SPS energies.

Ralf Rapp

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electromagnetic rotational actuation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are many applications that need a meso-scale rotational actuator. These applications have been left by the wayside because of the lack of actuation at this scale. Sandia National Laboratories has many unique fabrication technologies that could be used to create an electromagnetic actuator at this scale. There are also many designs to be explored. In this internship exploration of the designs and fabrications technologies to find an inexpensive design that can be used for prototyping the electromagnetic rotational actuator.

Hogan, Alexander Lee

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The CLAS Forward Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab utilizes six iron-free superconducting coils to provide an approximately toroidal magnetic field. The six sectors are instrumented individually to form six independent spectrometers. The forward region (8deg < (theta) < 45deg) of each sector is equipped with a lead-scintillator electromagnetic sampling calorimeter (EC), 16 radiation lengths thick, using a novel triangular geometry with stereo readout. With its good energy and position resolution, the EC is used to provide the primary electron trigger for CLAS. It is also used to reject pions, reconstruct pi-0 and eta decays and detect neutrons, This paper treats the design, construction and performance of the calorimeter.

M. Amarian; Geram Asryan; Kevin Beard; Will Brooks; Volker Burkert; Tom Carstens; Alan Coleman; Raphael Demirchyan; Yuri Efremenko; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Herb Funsten; Vladimir Gavrilov; Kevin L. Giovanetti; R.M. Marshall; Berhard Mecking; R.C. Minehart; H. Mkrtchan; Mavrik Ohandjanyan; Youri Sharabian; L.C. Smith; Stepan Stepanyan; W.A. Stephens; T.Y. Tung; Carl Zorn

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Mathematical model of the seismic electromagnetic signals (SEMS) in non crystalline substances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mathematical model of seismic electromagnetic waves in non crystalline substances is developed and the solutions are discussed to show the possibility of improving the electromagnetic waves especially the electric field. The shear stress of the medium in fourth order tensor gives the equation of motion. Analytic methods are selected for the solutions written in Hansen vector form. From the simulated SEMS, the frequency of seismic waves has significant effects to the SEMS propagating characteristics. EM waves transform into SEMS or energized seismic waves. Traveling distance increases once the frequency of the seismic waves increases from 100% to 1000%. SEMS with greater seismic frequency will give seismic alike waves but greater energy is embedded by EM waves and hence further distance the waves travel.

Dennis, L. C. C.; Yahya, N.; Daud, H.; Shafie, A. [Electromagnetic cluster, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

304

High order asymptotics for the electromagnetic scattering from thin periodic layers : the 3D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High order asymptotics for the electromagnetic scattering from thin periodic layers : the 3D of electromagnetic waves by a thin periodic layer made of an array of regularly-spaced obstacles. The size, they satisfy electrostatic problems posed in an infinite 3D strip that require a careful analysis. Error

Boyer, Edmond

305

Solar Radiation and Asteroidal Motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of solar wind and solar electromagnetic radiation on motion of asteroids are discussed. The results complete the statements presented in Vokrouhlick\\'{y} and Milani (2000). As for the effect of electromagnetic radiation, the complete equation of motion is presented to the first order in $v/c$ -- the shape of asteroid (spherical body is explicitly presented) and surface distribution of albedo should be taken into account. Optical quantities must be calculated in proper frame of reference.

Jozef Klacka

2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

EMG #121471 Electromagnetics, 25:679693, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Keywords electromagnetic compatibility, electromagnetic interference, aperture, cou- pling, finite compatibility (EMC) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements, it is crucial to quantify

Ramahi, Omar

307

Electromagnetic Scattering by Spheres of Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic scattering properties of topological insulator (TI) spheres are systematically studied in this paper. Unconventional backward scattering caused by the topological magneto-electric (TME) effect of TIs are found in both Rayleigh and Mie scattering regimes. This enhanced backward scattering can be achieved by introducing an impedance-matched background which can suppress the bulk scattering. For the cross-polarized scattering coefficients, interesting antiresonances are found in the Mie scattering regime, wherein the cross-polarized electromagnetic fields induced by the TME effect are trapped inside TI spheres. In the Rayleigh limit, the quantized TME effect of TIs can be determined by measuring the electric-field components of scattered waves in the far field.

Ge, Lixin; Zi, Jian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Electromagnetic properties of baryons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the chiral behavior of the nucleon and {Delta}(1232) electromagnetic properties within the framework of a SU(2) covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. Our one-loop calculation is complete to the order p{sup 3} and p{sup 4}/{Delta} with {Delta} as the {Delta}(1232)-nucleon energy gap. We show that the magnetic moment of a resonance can be defined by the linear energy shift only when an additional relation between the involved masses and the applied magnetic field strength is fulfilled. Singularities and cusps in the pion mass dependence of the {Delta}(1232) electromagnetic moments reflect a non-fulfillment. We show results for the pion mass dependence of the nucleon iso-vector electromagnetic quantities and present preliminary results for finite volume effects on the iso-vector anomalous magnetic moment.

Ledwig, T.; Pascalutsa, V.; Vanderhaeghen, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Martin-Camalich, J. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Spain and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, BN1 9Qh, Brighton (United Kingdom)

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Equations of a Moving Mirror and the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a slab of a material that is linear, isotropic, non-magnetizable, ohmic, and electrically neutral when it is at rest. The slab interacts with the electromagnetic field through radiation pressure. Using a relativistic treatment, we deduce the exact equations governing the dynamics of the field and of the slab, as well as, approximate equations to first order in the velocity and the acceleration of the slab. As a consequence of the motion of the slab, the field must satisfy a wave equation with damping and slowly varying coefficients plus terms that are small when the time-scale of the evolution of the mirror is much smaller than that of the field. Moreover, the dynamics of the mirror involve a time-dependent mass arising from the interaction with the field and it is related to the effective mass of mechanical oscillators used in optomechanics. By the same reason, the mirror is subject to a velocity dependent force which is related to the much sought cooling of mechanical oscillators in optomechanics.

Luis Octavio Castaños; Ricardo Weder

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

310

Radiation Sources External Beam and Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation Sources External Beam and Isotopes J. Daniel Bourland, PhD Professor Department of Radiation Oncology Departments of Physics and Biomedical Engineering Wake Forest School of Medicine Winston Radiation · Photons: electromagnetic radiation, no mass, E = h · X rays: origins are from atomic energy

311

3. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY Abstract --The electromagnetic interference between the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

walls and tubes) and with strong EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). So it is ideal to use the power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Millimeter Wave Sensor For On-Line Inspection Of Thin Sheet Dielectrics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A millimeter wave sensor is provided for non-destructive inspection of thin sheet dielectric materials. The millimeter wave sensor includes a Gunn diode oscillator (GDO) source generating a mill meter wave electromagnetic energy signal having a single frequency. A heater is coupled to the GDO source for stabilizing the single frequency. A small size antenna is coupled to the GDO source for transmitting the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal to a sample material and for receiving a reflected millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal from the sample material. Ferrite circulator isolators coupled between the GDO source and the antenna separate the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal into transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components and a detector detects change in both amplitude and phase of the transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components. A millimeter wave sensor is provided for non-destructive inspection of thin sheet dielectric materials. The millimeter wave sensor includes a Gunn diode oscillator (GDO) source generating a mill meter wave electromagnetic energy signal having a single frequency. A heater is coupled to the GDO source for stabilizing the single frequency. A small size antenna is coupled to the GDO source for transmitting the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal to a sample material and for receiving a reflected millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal from the sample material. Ferrite circulator isolators coupled between the GDO source and the antenna separate the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal into transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components and a detector detects change in both amplitude and phase of the transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components.

Bakhtiari, Sasan (Westmont, IL); Gopalsami, Nachappa (Naperville, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

313

Hydrodynamic construction of the electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an alternative Eulerian hydrodynamic model for the electromagnetic field in which the discrete vector indices in Maxwell\\s equations are replaced by continuous angular freedoms, and develop the corresponding Lagrangian picture in which the fluid particles have rotational and translational freedoms. This enables us to extend to the electromagnetic field the exact method of state construction proposed previously for spin 0 systems, in which the time-dependent wavefunction is computed from a single-valued continuum of deterministic trajectories where two spacetime points are linked by at most a single orbit. The deduction of Maxwell\\s equations from continuum mechanics is achieved by generalizing the spin 0 theory to a general Riemannian manifold from which the electromagnetic construction is extracted as a special case. In particular, the flat-space Maxwell equations are represented as a curved-space Schr\\"odinger equation for a massive system. The Lorentz covariance of the Eulerian field theory is obtained from the non-covariant Lagrangian-coordinate model as a kind of collective effect. The method makes manifest the electromagnetic analogue of the quantum potential that is tacit in Maxwell\\s equations. This implies a novel definition of the \\classical limit\\ of Maxwell\\s equations that differs from geometrical optics. It is shown that Maxwell\\s equations may be obtained by canonical quantization of the classical model. Using the classical trajectories a novel expression is derived for the propagator of the electromagnetic field in the Eulerian picture. The trajectory and propagator methods of solution are illustrated for the case of a light wave.

Peter Holland

2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

314

Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Safe Use Guidelines, Electromagnetic Interference, and FCC Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . .v

Matsuoka, Yoky

315

Electromagnetically Induced Flows Michiel de Reus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetically Induced Flows in Water Michiel de Reus 8 maart 2013 () Electromagnetically Conclusion and future research () Electromagnetically Induced Flows 2 / 56 #12;1 Introduction 2 Maxwell Navier Stokes equations 5 Simulations 6 Conclusion and future research () Electromagnetically Induced

Vuik, Kees

316

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Light, Wave or Particle? Electromagnetic radiation such as visible light or radio waves is often described as electromagnetic waves. Wavelength is used to describe where it falls...

317

Twisted electromagnetic beams Swedish Institute of Space Physics and Uppsala University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twisted electromagnetic beams Swedish Institute of Space Physics and Uppsala University of freedom for the radiation. Electromagnetic beams that carry OAM appear twisted. The twist can be used more information than with regular beams. Even single photons can carry a twist, in addition

318

Electromagnetism and Gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical concept of "mass density" is not fundamental to the quantum theory of matter. Therefore, mass density cannot be the source of gravitation. Here, we treat electromagnetic energy, momentum, and stress as its source. The resulting theory predicts that the gravitational potential near any charged elementary particle is many orders of magnitude greater than the Newtonian value.

Kenneth Dalton

1997-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

319

Electromagnetic pulsar spindown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the result of the recent pioneering numerical simulations in Spitkovsky~2006 on the spindown of an oblique relativistic magnetic dipole rotator. Our discussion is based on our experience from two idealized cases, that of an aligned dipole rotator, and that of an oblique split-monopole rotator. We conclude that the issue of electromagnetic pulsar spindown may not have been resolved yet.

I. Contopoulos

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

K -> pi pi Phenomenology in the Presence of Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the influence of electromagnetism on the phenomenology of K -> pi pi decays. This is required because the present data were analyzed without inclusion of electromagnetic radiative corrections, and hence contain several ambiguities and uncertainties which we describe in detail. Our presentation includes a full description of the infrared effects needed for a new experimental analysis. It also describes the general treatment of final state interaction phases, needed because Watson's theorem is no longer valid in the presence of electromagnetism. The phase of the isospin-two amplitude A_2 may be modified by 50% -> 100%. We provide a tentative analysis using present data in order to illustrate the sensitivity to electromagnetic effects, and also discuss how the standard treatment of epsilon'/epsilon is modified.

Vincenzo Cirigliano; John F. Donoghue; Eugene Golowich

2000-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics thrust area is a focal point for computer modeling activities in electronics and electromagnetics in the Electronics Engineering Department of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Traditionally, they have focused their efforts in technical areas of importance to existing and developing LLNL programs, and this continues to form the basis for much of their research. A relatively new and increasingly important emphasis for the thrust area is the formation of partnerships with industry and the application of their simulation technology and expertise to the solution of problems faced by industry. The activities of the thrust area fall into three broad categories: (1) the development of theoretical and computational models of electronic and electromagnetic phenomena, (2) the development of useful and robust software tools based on these models, and (3) the application of these tools to programmatic and industrial problems. In FY-92, they worked on projects in all of the areas outlined above. The object of their work on numerical electromagnetic algorithms continues to be the improvement of time-domain algorithms for electromagnetic simulation on unstructured conforming grids. The thrust area is also investigating various technologies for conforming-grid mesh generation to simplify the application of their advanced field solvers to design problems involving complicated geometries. They are developing a major code suite based on the three-dimensional (3-D), conforming-grid, time-domain code DSI3D. They continue to maintain and distribute the 3-D, finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) code TSAR, which is installed at several dozen university, government, and industry sites.

DeFord, J.F.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoms exhibiting electromagnetically Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

side also. To put it crudely, what stops the electromagnetic radiation in the atom is the law... attitude led to a general acceptance of the ether and atoms decades before the...

323

Radiation Processing -an overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of radiation · Facilities ­ Gamma ­ electrons ­ X-ray ­ Safety · Sterilisation of medical devices · Food irradiation · Material modification #12;3 Content ­ Part 2 · Environmental applications · Other applications Radiation · Energy in the form of waves or moving subatomic particles Irradiation · Exposure to radiation

324

Electromagnetic solitary pulses in a magnetized electron-positron plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theory for large amplitude compressional electromagnetic solitary pulses in a magnetized electron-positron (e-p) plasma is presented. The pulses, which propagate perpendicular to the external magnetic field, are associated with the compression of the plasma density and the wave magnetic field. Here the solitary wave magnetic field pressure provides the restoring force, while the inertia comes from the equal mass electrons and positrons. The solitary pulses are formed due to a balance between the compressional wave dispersion arising from the curl of the inertial forces in Faraday's law and the nonlinearities associated with the divergence of the electron and positron fluxes, the nonlinear Lorentz forces, the advection of the e-p fluids, and the nonlinear plasma current densities. The compressional solitary pulses can exist in a well-defined speed range above the Alfven speed. They can be associated with localized electromagnetic field excitations in magnetized laboratory and space plasmas composed of electrons and positrons.

Shukla, P. K. [RUB International Chair, International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences, Fakultaet fuer Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Eliasson, B. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Fakultaet fuer Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Stenflo, L. [Department of Physics, Linkoeping University, SE-58183 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electromagnetic source localization with finite set of frequency measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phase conjugation algorithm for localizing an extended radiating electromagnetic source from boundary measurements of the electric field is presented. Measurements are taken over a finite number of frequencies. The artifacts related to the finite frequency data are tackled with $l_1-$regularization blended with the fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm with backtracking of Beck & Teboulle.

Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Rab Nawaz; Saman Anjum

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

326

Propagation of Light in the Field of Stationary and Radiative Gravitational Multipoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extremely high precision of near-future radio/optical interferometric observatories like SKA, Gaia, SIM and the unparalleled sensitivity of LIGO/LISA gravitational-wave detectors demands more deep theoretical treatment of relativistic effects in the propagation of electromagnetic signals through variable gravitational fields of the solar system, oscillating and precessing neutron stars, coalescing binary systems, exploding supernova, and colliding galaxies. Especially important for future gravitational-wave observatories is the problem of propagation of light rays in the field of multipolar gravitational waves emitted by a localized source of gravitational radiation. Present paper suggests physically-adequate and consistent mathematical solution of this problem in the first post-Minkowskian approximation of General Relativity which accounts for all time-dependent multipole moments of an isolated astronomical system.

Sergei Kopeikin; Pavel Korobkov; Alexander Polnarev

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Millimeter wave transmissometer computer system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A millimeter wave transmissometer has been designed and built by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in Richland, Washington for the US Army at the Dugway Proving Grounds in Dugway, Utah. This real-time data acquisition and control system is used to test and characterize battlefield obscurants according to the transmittance of electromagnetic radiation in the millimeter wavelengths. It is an advanced five-frequency instrumentation radar system consisting of a transceiver van and a receiver van deployed at opposite sides of a test grid. The transceiver computer systems is the successful integration of a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) VAX 8350, multiple VME bus systems with Motorola M68020 processors (one for each radar frequency), an IEEE-488 instrumentation bus, and an Aptec IOC-24 I/O computer. The software development platforms are the VAX 8350 and an IBM PC/AT. A variety of compilers, cross-assemblers, microcode assemblers, and linkers were employed to facilitate development of the system software. Transmittance measurements from each radar are taken forty times per second under control of a VME based M68020.

Wiberg, J.D.; Widener, K.B.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Gravitation and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The realms of gravitation, belonging to Classical Physics, and Electromagnetism, belonging to the Theory of the Electron and Quantum Mechanics have remained apart as two separate pillars, inspite of a century of effort by Physicists to reconcile them. In this paper it is argued that if we extend ideas of Classical spacetime to include in addition to non integrability non commutavity also, then such a reconcilation is possible.

B. G. Sidharth

2001-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

329

Quaternion Gravi-Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defining the generalized charge, potential, current and generalized fields as complex quantities where real and imaginary parts represent gravitation and electromagnetism respectively, corresponding field equation, equation of motion and other quantum equations are derived in manifestly covariant manner. It has been shown that the field equations are invariant under Lorentz as well as duality transformations. It has been shown that the quaternionic formulation presented here remains invariant under quaternion transformations.

A. S. Rawat; O. P. S. Negi

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

330

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figs.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

331

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

332

Developing de Broglie Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic component waves, comprising together with their generating oscillatory massless charge a material particle, will be Doppler shifted when the charge hence particle is in motion, with a velocity $v$, as a mere mechanical consequence of the source motion. We illustrate here that two such component waves generated in opposite directions and propagating at speed $c$ between walls in a one-dimensional box, superpose into a traveling beat wave of wavelength ${\\mit\\Lambda}_d$$=(\\frac{v}{c}){\\mit\\Lambda}$ and phase velocity $c^2/v+v$ which resembles directly L. de Broglie's hypothetic phase wave. This phase wave in terms of transporting the particle mass at the speed $v$ and angular frequency ${\\mit\\Omega}_d=2\\pi v /{\\mit\\Lambda}_d$, with ${\\mit\\Lambda}_d$ and ${\\mit\\Omega}_d$ obeying the de Broglie relations, represents a de Broglie wave. The standing-wave function of the de Broglie (phase) wave and its variables for particle dynamics in small geometries are equivalent to the eigen-state solutions to Schr\\"odinger equation of an identical system.

J X Zheng-Johansson; P-I Johansson

2006-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

333

Electromagnetic nucleon form factors in instant and point form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the electromagnetic structure of the nucleons with constituent quark models in the framework of relativistic quantum mechanics. In particular, we address the construction of spectator-model currents in the instant and point forms. Corresponding results for the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors as well as charge radii and magnetic moments are presented. We also compare results obtained by different realistic nucleon wave functions stemming from alternative constituent quark models. Finally, we discuss the theoretical uncertainties that reside in the construction of spectator-model transition operators.

T. Melde; K. Berger; L. Canton; W. Plessas; R. F. Wagenbrunn

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

334

Electromagnetic field quantization in a linear dielectric medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By modeling a dielectric medium with two independent reservoirs, i.e., electric and magnetic reservoirs, the electromagnetic field is quantized in a linear dielectric medium consistently. A Hamiltonian is proposed from which using the Heisenberg equations, not only the Maxwell equations but also the structural equations can be obtained. Using the Laplace transformation, the wave equation for the electromagnetic vector potential is solved in the case of a homogeneous dielectric medium. Some examples are considered showing the applicability of the model to both absorptive and nonabsorptive dielectrics.

F. Kheirandish; M. Amooshahi

2005-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

335

The Blackbody Radiation Laws in the $ \\textrm{AdS}_5 \\times {\\cal S}^5 $ Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the footsteps of our previous work \\cite{RamatonBoschi} we generalize the Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws for the $ \\textrm{AdS}_5 \\times {\\cal S}^5 $ spacetime, the background of the AdS/CFT correspondence foremost realization. Our results take into account the $ \\textrm{AdS}_5 \\times {\\cal S}^5 $ full dimensionality in the electromagnetic field $A^{\\mu}$ wave equation, which yields the higher-dimensional blackbody characteristic features suggested in literature. In particular, the total radiated power and the spectral radiancy match the original Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws in the low-energy regime up to available experimental data.

Ramaton Ramos; Henrique Boschi Filho

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Klein-Gordon equation and Hawking radiation in the dyon black hole with a cosmic string  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charged massive scalar particles are considered in the gravitational and electromagnetic field produced by a dyonic black hole with a cosmic string along the axis of symmetry. Exact solutions of both angular and radial parts of the covariant Klein-Gordon equation in this background are obtained, and are given in terms of the confluent Heun functions. We emphasize the role of the presence of the cosmic string in these solutions. From the radial solution, we obtain the exact wave solutions near the exterior horizon of the black hole, and discuss the Hawking radiation spectrum and the energy flux.

Vieira, H S; Silva, G V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Coherent hybrid electromagnetic field imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and corresponding method for coherent hybrid electromagnetic field imaging of a target, where an energy source is used to generate a propagating electromagnetic beam, an electromagnetic beam splitting means to split the beam into two or more coherently matched beams of about equal amplitude, and where the spatial and temporal self-coherence between each two or more coherently matched beams is preserved. Two or more differential modulation means are employed to modulate each two or more coherently matched beams with a time-varying polarization, frequency, phase, and amplitude signal. An electromagnetic beam combining means is used to coherently combine said two or more coherently matched beams into a coherent electromagnetic beam. One or more electromagnetic beam controlling means are used for collimating, guiding, or focusing the coherent electromagnetic beam. One or more apertures are used for transmitting and receiving the coherent electromagnetic beam to and from the target. A receiver is used that is capable of square-law detection of the coherent electromagnetic beam. A waveform generator is used that is capable of generation and control of time-varying polarization, frequency, phase, or amplitude modulation waveforms and sequences. A means of synchronizing time varying waveform is used between the energy source and the receiver. Finally, a means of displaying the images created by the interaction of the coherent electromagnetic beam with target is employed.

Cooke, Bradly J. (Jemez Springs, NM); Guenther, David C. (Los Alamos, NM)

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

Stable operating regime for traveling wave devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Autophase stability is provided for a traveling wave device (TWD) electron beam for amplifying an RF electromagnetic wave in walls defining a waveguide for said electromagnetic wave. An off-axis electron beam is generated at a selected energy and has an energy noise inherently arising from electron gun. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide. The off-axis electron beam is introduced into the waveguide at a second radius. The waveguide structure is designed to obtain a selected detuning of the electron beam. The off-axis electron beam has a velocity and the second radius to place the electron beam at a selected distance from the walls defining the waveguide, wherein changes in a density of the electron beam due to the RF electromagnetic wave are independent of the energy of the electron beam to provide a concomitant stable operating regime relative to the energy noise.

Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave equation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 23 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: in the ion acoustic wave equation we obtain 4 where no is the...

340

Gravity Waves Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;14/03/2014 6 H L H L L Phase & Group Velocity #12;14/03/2014 7 Doppler Effect #12;14/03/2014 8 Shock Waves #12;14/03/2014 14 Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A Supernova blast waves #12;14/03/2014 15 Tycho's Remnant (SN 1572AD A SNR flythrough Theory of Supernova Blast Waves Supernovae: Type Ia Subsonic deflagration wave turning

Weijgaert, Rien van de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND RENEWABLE POWER FOR IMPLANTABLE NEUROSTIMULATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J, Bakker P: Electromagnetic interference from radiomaking electromagnetic interference neurostimulator functioninclude electromagnetic interference and battery failure. In

Pantchenko, Oxana S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Electromagnetic analysis of nanostructure dispersion in polymer matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. R. , “Enhanced electromagnetic interference shielding40] Chung D. D. L. “Electromagnetic Interference Shieldingreinforcement, electromagnetic interference shielding, etc.

Pfeifer, Steven Charles; Pfeifer, Steven Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electromagnetic field and cosmic censorship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a gedanken experiment in which an extremal Kerr black hole interacts with a test electromagnetic field. Using Teukolsky's solutions for electromagnetic perturbations in Kerr spacetime, and the conservation laws imposed by the energy momentum tensor of the electromagnetic field and the Killing vectors of the spacetime, we prove that this interaction cannot convert the black hole into a naked singularity, thus cosmic censorship conjecture is not violated in this case.

Koray Düzta?

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Torsion and the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity, we study the dynamics of a gravitationally coupled electromagnetic field. It is shown that the electromagnetic field is able not only to couple to torsion, but also, through its energy-momentum tensor, to produce torsion. Furthermore, it is shown that the coupling of the electromagnetic field with torsion preserves the local gauge invariance of Maxwell's theory.

V. C. de Andrade; J. G. Pereira

1999-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

345

Radiation and Dissipation of Internal Waves Generated by Geostrophic Motions Impinging on Small-Scale Topography: Application to the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the ocean, abyssal mixing has been primarily associated with radiation and breaking of internal tides abyssal mixing has been linked to the radiation of internal tides in other parts of the ocean (Polzin et the hypothesis that the abyssal mixing observed in the Southern Ocean can be explained by radiation and breaking

Ferrari, Raffaele

346

NEWS & VIEWS Radiation SouRCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEWS & VIEWS Radiation SouRCES Electrons and lasers sing THz tune gwyn P. Williams is in the Free Bielawski and colleagues describe the ability to coherently control the radiative behaviour of the electrons a bright, tunable source of radiation in the difficult-to-reach terahertz region of the electromagnetic

Loss, Daniel

347

Internal gravity waves and hyperbolic boundary-value problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some of the following aspects will be discussed: energy production and characteristic wave beams; radiation conditions; boundary integral equations.

348

Electromagnetism on Anisotropic Fractals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive basic equations of electromagnetic fields in fractal media which are specified by three indepedent fractal dimensions {\\alpha}_{i} in the respective directions x_{i} (i=1,2,3) of the Cartesian space in which the fractal is embedded. To grasp the generally anisotropic structure of a fractal, we employ the product measure, so that the global forms of governing equations may be cast in forms involving conventional (integer-order) integrals, while the local forms are expressed through partial differential equations with derivatives of integer order but containing coefficients involving the {\\alpha}_{i}'s. First, a formulation based on product measures is shown to satisfy the four basic identities of vector calculus. This allows a generalization of the Green-Gauss and Stokes theorems as well as the charge conservation equation on anisotropic fractals. Then, pursuing the conceptual approach, we derive the Faraday and Amp\\`ere laws for such fractal media, which, along with two auxiliary null-divergence conditions, effectively give the modified Maxwell equations. Proceeding on a separate track, we employ a variational principle for electromagnetic fields, appropriately adapted to fractal media, to independently derive the same forms of these two laws. It is next found that the parabolic (for a conducting medium) and the hyperbolic (for a dielectric medium) equations involve modified gradient operators, while the Poynting vector has the same form as in the non-fractal case. Finally, Maxwell's electromagnetic stress tensor is reformulated for fractal systems. In all the cases, the derived equations for fractal media depend explicitly on fractal dimensions and reduce to conventional forms for continuous media with Euclidean geometries upon setting the dimensions to integers.

Martin Ostoja-Starzewski

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

349

Electromagnetic Field Quantization in Time-Dependent Dielectric Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a Gupta-Bleuler quantization scheme for the electromagnetic field in time-dependent dielectric media. Starting from the Maxwell equations, a generalization of the Lorentz gauge condition adapted to time varying dielectrics is derived. Using this gauge, a Gupta-Bleuler approach to quantize all polarizations of the radiation field and the corresponding constraint condition are introduced. This new approach is different from the quantized electromagnetic field in vacuum in the sense that here the contributions of unphysical photons cannot be thoroughly eliminated, which further lead to a surface charge density. Finally, a discussion of potential experimental tests and possible implication is also made.

Xiao-Min Bei; Zhong-Zhu Liu

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

350

Electromagnetic Probes in PHENIX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic probes are arguably the most universal tools to study the different physics processes in high energy hadron and heavy ion collisions. In this paper we summarize recent measurements of real and virtual direct photons at central rapidity by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions. We also discuss the impact of the results and the constraints they put on theoretical models. At the end we report on the immediate as well as on the mid-term future of photon measurements at RHIC.

Gabor David

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

351

Gravitation and electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maxwell's equations comprise both electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The transverse part of the vector potential belongs to magnetism, the longitudinal one is concerned with gravitation. The Coulomb gauge indicates that longitudinal components of the fields propagate instantaneously. The delta-function singularity of the field of the divergence of the vector potential, referred to as the dilatation center, represents an elementary agent of gravitation. Viewing a particle as a source or a scattering center of the point dilatation, the Newton's gravitation law can be reproduced.

V. P. Dmitriyev

2002-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electromagnetic pump stator coil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical stator coil for an electromagnetic pump includes a continuous conductor strip having first and second terminals at opposite ends thereof and an intermediate section disposed therebetween. The strip is configured in first and second coil halves, with the first coil half including a plurality of windings extending from the first terminal to the intermediate section, and the second coil half including a plurality of windings extending from the second terminal to the intermediate section. The first and second coil halves are disposed coaxially, and the first and second terminals are disposed radially inwardly therefrom with the intermediate section being disposed radially outwardly therefrom. 9 figs.

Fanning, A.W.; Dahl, L.R.

1996-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

353

Gravity Waves in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical simulations of penetrative convection and gravity wave excitation in the Sun. Gravity waves are self-consistently generated by a convective zone overlying a radiative interior. We produce power spectra for gravity waves in the radiative region as well as estimates for the energy flux of gravity waves below the convection zone. We calculate a peak energy flux in waves below the convection zone to be three orders of magnitude smaller than previous estimates for m=1. The simulations show that the linear dispersion relation is a good approximation only deep below the convective-radiative boundary. Both low frequency propagating gravity waves as well as higher frequency standing modes are generated; although we find that convection does not continually drive the standing g-mode frequencies.

Tamara M. Rogers; Gary A. Glatzmaier

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

354

Resonant circuit which provides dual-frequency excitation for rapid cycling of an electromagnet  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a novel ring-magnet control circuit that permits synchrotron repetition rates much higher than the frequency of the sinusoidal guide field of the ring magnet during particle acceleration. The control circuit generates sinusoidal excitation currents of different frequencies in the half waves. During radio-frequency acceleration of the synchrotron, the control circuit operates with a lower frequency sine wave and, thereafter, the electromagnets are reset with a higher-frequency half sine wave.

Praeg, W.F.

1982-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

355

SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchrotron radiation is a very bright, broadband, polarized, pulsed source of light extending from the infrared to the x-ray region. It is an extremely important source of Vacuum Ultraviolet radiation. Brightness is defined as flux per unit area per unit solid angle and is normally a more important quantity than flux alone particularly in throughput limited applications which include those in which monochromators are used. It is well known from classical theory of electricity and magnetism that accelerating charges emit electromagnetic radiation. In the case of synchrotron radiation, relativistic electrons are accelerated in a circular orbit and emit electromagnetic radiation in a broad spectral range. The visible portion of this spectrum was first observed on April 24, 1947 at General Electric's Schenectady facility by Floyd Haber, a machinist working with the synchrotron team, although the first theoretical predictions were by Lienard in the latter part of the 1800's. An excellent early history with references was presented by Blewett and a history covering the development of the utilization of synchrotron radiation was presented by Hartman. Synchrotron radiation covers the entire electromagnetic spectrum from the infrared region through the visible, ultraviolet, and into the x-ray region up to energies of many 10's of kilovolts. If the charged particles are of low mass, such as electrons, and if they are traveling relativistically, the emitted radiation is very intense and highly collimated, with opening angles of the order of 1 milliradian. In electron storage rings there are three possible sources of synchrotron radiation; dipole (bending) magnets; wigglers, which act like a sequence of bending magnets with alternating polarities; and undulators, which are also multi-period alternating magnet systems but in which the beam deflections are small resulting in coherent interference of the emitted light.

HULBERT,S.L.; WILLIAMS,G.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ponderomotive Forces On Waves In Modulated Media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear interactions of waves via instantaneous cross-phase modulation can be cast in the same way as ponderomotive wave-particle interactions in high-frequency electromagnetic fi eld. The ponderomotive effect arises when rays of a probe wave scatter off perturbations of the underlying medium produced by a second, modulation wave, much like charged particles scatter off a quasiperiodic field. Parallels with the point-particle dynamics, which itself is generalized by this theory, lead to new methods of wave manipulation, including asymmetric barriers for light.

Dodin, I.Y; Fisch, Nathaniel

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

357

Electromagnetic fuel injector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an electromagnetic fuel injector for an internal combustion engine having a valve axis and including a housing, a flat armature connected to a movable valve element arranged to cooperate with a valve seat, spring means for exerting a force in an axial direction on the armature, and electromagnetic means for exerting a force in an opposite direction on the armature when electrically energized. The improvement comprises: the spring means being a helical coil spring disposed in substantially coaxial alignment with the valve axis and having an end in compressive engagement with the armature, the final coil which includes the end of the coil spring being inclined axially outward at an angle relative to a plane normal to the axis of the spring so as to apply to the armature a greater axial spring force to one side of the valve axis than the other thereby to effect pivoting of the armature about a pivot, the pivot being determined by the location of the end of the coil spring.

Gieseking, J.H.

1987-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

358

Standing wave compressor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compressor for compression-evaporation cooling systems, which requires no moving parts. A gaseous refrigerant inside a chamber is acoustically compressed and conveyed by means of a standing acoustic wave which is set up in the gaseous refrigerant. This standing acoustic wave can be driven either by a transducer, or by direct exposure of the gas to microwave and infrared sources, including solar energy. Input and output ports arranged along the chamber provide for the intake and discharge of the gaseous refrigerant. These ports can be provided with optional valve arrangements, so as to increase the compressor's pressure differential. The performance of the compressor in either of its transducer or electromagnetically driven configurations, can be optimized by a controlling circuit. This controlling circuit holds the wavelength of the standing acoustical wave constant, by changing the driving frequency in response to varying operating conditions.

Lucas, Timothy S. (4614 River Mill Ct., Glen Allen, VA 23060)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The Intense Radiation Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new dispersion relation for photons that are nonlinearly interacting with a radiation gas of arbitrary intensity due to photon-photon scattering. It is found that the photon phase velocity decreases with increasing radiation intensity, it and attains a minimum value in the limit of super-intense fields. By using Hamilton's ray equations, a self-consistent kinetic theory for interacting photons is formulated. The interaction between an electromagnetic pulse and the radiation gas is shown to produce pulse self-compression and nonlinear saturation. Implications of our new results are discussed.

M. Marklund; P. K. Shukla; B. Eliasson

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

360

G. Tsoulos (Ed.), MIMO System Technology for Wireless Communications, CRC & Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, 2006. 20-Jul-05 Chapter 3: Information Theory and Electromagnetism: Are They Related? 1(37)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Boca Raton, 2006. 20-Jul-05 Chapter 3: Information Theory and Electromagnetism: Are They Related? 1(37) INFORMATION THEORY AND ELECTROMAGNETISM: ARE THEY RELATED? Sergey Loyka1 , Juan Mosig2 1 School of Information [9-14]. Electromagnetic waves are used as the primary carrier of information. The basic

Loyka, Sergey

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361

Electromagnetic neutrino: a short review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A short review on selected issues related to the problem of neutrino electromagnetic properties is given. After a flash look at the theoretical basis of neutrino electromagnetic form factors, constraints on neutrino magnetic moments and electric millicharge from terrestrial experiments and astrophysical observations are discussed. We also focus on some recent studies of the problem and on perspectives.

Alexander I. Studenikin

2014-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

362

Experiment Indicates Sound Waves Can Trigger Quakes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a laboratory setting, a Los Alamos researcher and his colleagues have shown that seismic waves-the sounds radiated from earthquakes-can induce earthquake aftershocks, often...

363

Electromagnetic reactions on light nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic reactions on light nuclei are fundamental to advance our understanding of nuclear structure and dynamics. The perturbative nature of the electromagnetic probes allows to clearly connect measured cross sections with the calculated structure properties of nuclear targets. We present an overview on recent theoretical ab-initio calculations of electron-scattering and photonuclear reactions involving light nuclei. We encompass both the conventional approach and the novel theoretical framework provided by chiral effective field theories. Because both strong and electromagnetic interactions are involved in the processes under study, comparison with available experimental data provides stringent constraints on both many-body nuclear Hamiltonians and electromagnetic currents. We discuss what we have learned from studies on electromagnetic observables of light nuclei, starting from the deuteron and reaching up to nuclear systems with mass number A=16.

Sonia Bacca; Saori Pastore

2014-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

364

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Abstract INPUT airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were conducted during 1979 in five...

365

Three dimensional electromagnetic wavepackets in a plasma: Spatiotemporal modulational instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear interaction of an intense electromagnetic beam with relativistic collisionless unmagnetized plasma is investigated by invoking the reductive perturbation technique, resting on the model of three-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation with cubic nonlinearity which incorporates the effects of self-focusing, self-phase modulation, and diffraction on wave propagation. Relying on the derived NLS equation, the occurrence of spatiotemporal modulational instability is investigated in detail.

Borhanian, J.; Hosseini Faradonbe, F. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P. O. Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P. O. Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Numerical and simulation study of terahertz radiation generation by laser pulses propagating in the extraordinary mode in magnetized plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A one-dimensional numerical model for studying terahertz radiation generation by intense laser pulses propagating, in the extraordinary mode, through magnetized plasma has been presented. The direction of the static external magnetic field is perpendicular to the polarization as well as propagation direction of the laser pulse. A transverse electromagnetic wave with frequency in the terahertz range is generated due to the presence of the magnetic field. Further, two-dimensional simulations using XOOPIC code show that the THz fields generated in plasma are transmitted into vacuum. The fields obtained via simulation study are found to be compatible with those obtained from the numerical model.

Jha, Pallavi; Kumar Verma, Nirmal [Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Gravitational waves and gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-Ray Bursts are likely associated with a catastrophic energy release in stellar mass objects. Electromagnetic observations provide important, but indirect information on the progenitor. On the other hand, gravitational waves emitted from the central source, carry direct information on its nature. In this context, I give an overview of the multi-messenger study of gamma-ray bursts that can be carried out by using electromagnetic and gravitational wave observations. I also underline the importance of joint electromagnetic and gravitational wave searches, in the absence of a gamma-ray trigger. Finally, I discuss how multi-messenger observations may probe alternative gamma-ray burst progenitor models, such as the magnetar scenario.

Alessandra Corsi; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

368

Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in comparison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at JLab, MAMI, and MIT-Bates. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed, including the recent progress in the determination of the valence quark generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, as well as the steady rate of improvements made in the lattice QCD calculations.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

An electromagnetic perpetuum mobile?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A charge moving freely in orbit around the Earth radiates according to Larmor's formula. If the path is closed, it would constitute a perpetuum mobile. The solution to this energy paradox is found in an article by C. M. DeWitt and B. DeWitt from 1964. The main point is that the equation of motion of a radiating charge is modified in curved spacetime. In the present article we explain the physics behind this modification, and use the generalized equation to solve the perpetuum mobile paradox.

Øyvind Grøn; Sigurd Kirkevold Næss

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

370

New wave generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a combined experimental and numerical study of the generation of internal waves using the novel internal wave generator design of Gostiaux et al. (2007). This mechanism, which involves a tunable source comprised of oscillating plates, has so far been used for a few fundamental studies of internal waves, but its full potential has yet to be realized. Our studies reveal that this approach is capable of producing a wide variety of two-dimensional wave fields, including plane waves, wave beams and discrete vertical modes in finite-depth stratifications. The effects of discretization by a finite number of plates, forcing amplitude and angle of propagation are investigated, and it is found that the method is remarkably efficient at generating a complete wave field despite forcing only one velocity component in a controllable manner. We furthermore find that the nature of the radiated wave field is well predicted using Fourier transforms of the spatial structure of the wave generator.

Mercier, Matthieu J; Mathur, Manikandan; Gostiaux, Louis; Peacock, Thomas; Dauxois, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

PHYSICS 416. Electromagnetism. Lecturer: Tim Gorringe.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS 416. Electromagnetism. Lecturer: Tim Gorringe. Office: CP 273. Phone: 257-8740. Textbook: Electromagnetic Fields, R. Wangsness, 2nd Ed. Web page www.pa.uky.edu/gorringe/phy416/index.html Class hours: MWF-semester sequence on electromagnetic theory. 1 416/417 Course Objectives. The electromagnetic field binds electrons

MacAdam, Keith

372

PHYSICS 417. Electromagnetism. Lecturer: Tim Gorringe.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS 417. Electromagnetism. Lecturer: Tim Gorringe. Office: CP273. Phone: 257-8740. Textbook: Electromagnetic Fields, R. Wangsness, 2nd Ed. Web page www.pa.uky.edu/gorringe/phy417/index.html Class hours: MWF-semester sequence on electromagnetic theory. 1 Course Objectives. The electromagnetic field binds electrons

MacAdam, Keith

373

Nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in Chiral EFT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe our method for deriving the nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in chiral perturbation theory, based on time-ordered perturbation theory. We then discuss possible strategies for fixing the relevant low-energy constants, from the magnetic moments of the deuteron and of the trinucleons, and from the radiative np capture cross sections, and identify a scheme which, partly relying on {Delta} resonance saturation, leads to a reasonable pattern of convergence of the chiral expansion.

Girlanda, Luca [Università del Salento; Marcucci, Laura Elisa [Univ. Pisa; Pastore, Saori [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; Piarulli, Maria [Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA; Schiavilla, Rocco [Old Dominion U., JLAB; Viviani, Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Technical Design Report for PANDA Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document presents the technical layout and the envisaged performance of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) for the PANDA target spectrometer. The EMC has been designed to meet the physics goals of the PANDA experiment, which is being developed for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt, Germany. The performance figures are based on extensive prototype tests and radiation hardness studies. The document shows that the EMC is ready for construction up to the front-end electronics interface.

PANDA Collaboration; W. Erni; I. Keshelashvili; B. Krusche; M. Steinacher; Y. Heng; Z. Liu; H. Liu; X. Shen; O. Wang; H. Xu; J. Becker; F. Feldbauer; F. -H. Heinsius; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Kopf; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; U. Wiedner; J. Zhong; A. Bianconi; M. Bragadireanu; D. Pantea; A. Tudorache; V. Tudorache; M. De Napoli; F. Giacoppo; G. Raciti; E. Rapisarda; C. Sfienti; E. Bialkowski; A. Budzanowski; B. Czech; M. Kistryn; S. Kliczewski; A. Kozela; P. Kulessa; K. Pysz; W. Schaefer; R. Siudak; A. Szczurek; W. Czy. zycki; M. Domagala; M. Hawryluk; E. Lisowski; F. Lisowski; L. Wojnar; D. Gil; P. Hawranek; B. Kamys; St. Kistryn; K. Korcyl; W. Krzemien; A. Magiera; P. Moskal; Z. Rudy; P. Salabura; J. Smyrski; A. Wronska; M. Al-Turany; I. Augustin; H. Deppe; H. Flemming; J. Gerl; K. Goetzen; R. Hohler; D. Lehmann; B. Lewandowski; J. Luehning; F. Maas; D. Mishra; H. Orth; K. Peters; T. Saito; G. Schepers; C. J. Schmidt; L. Schmitt; C. Schwarz; B. Voss; P. Wieczorek; A. Wilms; K. -T. Brinkmann; H. Freiesleben; R. Jaekel; R. Kliemt; T. Wuerschig; H. -G. Zaunick; V. M. Abazov; G. Alexeev; A. Arefiev; V. I. Astakhov; M. Yu. Barabanov; B. V. Batyunya; Yu. I. Davydov; V. Kh. Dodokhov; A. A. Efremov; A. G. Fedunov; A. A. Feshchenko; A. S. Galoyan; S. Grigoryan; A. Karmokov; E. K. Koshurnikov; V. Ch. Kudaev; V. I. Lobanov; Yu. Yu. Lobanov; A. F. Makarov; L. V. Malinina; V. L. Malyshev; G. A. Mustafaev; A. Olshevski; M. A. . Pasyuk; E. A. Perevalova; A. A. Piskun; T. A. Pocheptsov; G. Pontecorvo; V. K. Rodionov; Yu. N. Rogov; R. A. Salmin; A. G. Samartsev; M. G. Sapozhnikov; A. Shabratova; G. S. Shabratova; A. N. Skachkova; N. B. Skachkov; E. A. Strokovsky; M. K. Suleimanov; R. Sh. Teshev; V. V. Tokmenin; V. V. Uzhinsky; A. S. Vodopianov; S. A. Zaporozhets; N. I. Zhuravlev; A. G. Zorin; D. Branford; K. Foehl; D. Glazier; D. Watts; P. Woods; W. Eyrich; A. Lehmann; A. Teufel; S. Dobbs; Z. Metreveli; K. Seth; B. Tann; A. Tomaradze; D. Bettoni; V. Carassiti; A. Cecchi; P. Dalpiaz; E. Fioravanti; I. Garzia; M. Negrini; M. Savri`e; G. Stancari; B. Dulach; P. Gianotti; C. Guaraldo; V. Lucherini; E. Pace; A. Bersani; M. Macri; M. Marinelli; R. F. Parodi; I. Brodski; W. Doering; P. Drexler; M. Dueren; Z. Gagyi-Palffy; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Kotulla; W. Kuehn; S. Lange; M. Liu; V. Metag; M. Nanova; R. Novotny; C. Salz; J. Schneider; P. Schoenmeier; R. Schubert; S. Spataro; H. Stenzel; C. Strackbein; M. Thiel; U. Thoering; S. Yang; T. Clarkson; E. Cowie; E. Downie; G. Hill; M. Hoek; D. Ireland; R. Kaiser; T. Keri; I. Lehmann; K. Livingston; S. Lumsden; D. MacGregor; B. McKinnon; M. Murray; D. Protopopescu; G. Rosner; B. Seitz; G. Yang; M. Babai; A. K. Biegun; A. Bubak; E. Guliyev; V. S. Jothi; M. Kavatsyuk; H. Loehner; J. Messchendorp; H. Smit; J. C. van der Weele; F. Garcia; D. -O. Riska; M. Buescher; R. Dosdall; R. Dzhygadlo; A. Gillitzer; D. Grunwald; V. Jha; G. Kemmerling; H. Kleines; A. Lehrach; R. Maier; M. Mertens; H. Ohm; D. Prasuhn; T. Randriamalala; J. Ritman; M. Roeder; T. Stockmanns; P. Wintz; P. Wuestner; J. Kisiel; S. Li; Z. Li; Z. Sun; H. Xu; S. Fissum; K. Hansen; L. Isaksson; M. Lundin; B. Schroeder; P. Achenbach; M. C. Mora Espi; J. Pochodzalla; S. Sanchez; A. Sanchez-Lorente; V. I. Dormenev; A. A. Fedorov; M. V. Korzhik; O. V. Missevitch; V. Balanutsa; V. Chernetsky; A. Demekhin; A. Dolgolenko; P. Fedorets; A. Gerasimov; V. Goryachev; A. Boukharov; O. Malyshev; I. Marishev; A. Semenov; C. Hoeppner; B. Ketzer; I. Konorov; A. Mann; S. Neubert; S. Paul; Q. Weitzel; A. Khoukaz; T. Rausmann; A. Taeschner; J. Wessels; R. Varma; E. Baldin; K. Kotov; S. Peleganchuk; Yu. Tikhonov; J. Boucher; T. Hennino; R. Kunne; S. Ong; J. Pouthas; B. Ramstein; P. Rosier; M. Sudol; J. Van de Wiele; T. Zerguerras; K. Dmowski; R. Korzeniewski; D. Przemyslaw; B. Slowinski; G. Boca; A. Braghieri; S. Costanza; A. Fontana; P. Genova; L. Lavezzi; P. Montagna; A. Rotondi; N. I. Belikov; A. M. Davidenko; A. A. Derevschikov; Y. M. Goncharenko; V. N. Grishin; V. A. Kachanov; D. A. Konstantinov; V. A. Kormilitsin; V. I. Kravtsov; Y. A. Matulenko; Y. M. Melnik; A. P. Meschanin; N. G. Minaev; V. V. Mochalov; D. A. Morozov; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; A. V. Ryazantsev; P. A. Semenov; L. F. Soloviev; A. V. Uzunian; A. N. Vasiliev; A. E. Yakutin; T. Baeck; B. Cederwall; C. Bargholtz; L. Geren; P. E. Tegner; S. Belostotski; G. Gavrilov; A. Itzotov; A. Kisselev; P. Kravchenko; S. Manaenkov; O. Miklukho; Y. Naryshkin; D. Veretennikov; V. Vikhrov; A. Zhadanov; L. Fava; D. Panzieri; D. Alberto; A. Amoroso; E. Botta; T. Bressani; S. Bufalino; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; F. De Mori; M. Destefanis; L. Ferrero; A. Grasso; M. Greco; T. Kugathasan; M. Maggiora; S. Marcello; G. Serbanut; S. Sosio; R. Bertini; D. Calvo; S. Coli; P. De Remigis; A. Feliciello; A. Filippi; G. Giraudo; G. Mazza; A. Rivetti

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

375

Total cross-section for photon-axion conversions in external electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconsider the conversion of the photon into axion in the external electromagnetic fields, namely in the static fields and in a periodic field of the wave guide. The total cross-sections for the conversion are evaluated in detail. The result shows that with strong strength of external electromagnetic fields, the cross-sections are large enough to measure the axion production. In the wave guide there exists the resonant conversion at the low energies, in which the value of cross-sections is much enhanced

D. V. Soa; H. N. Long; T. D. Tham

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

376

Electromagnetic Signals from Bacterial DNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical reactions can be induced at a distance due to the propagation of electromagnetic signals during intermediate chemical stages. Although is is well known at optical frequencies, e.g. photosynthetic reactions, electromagnetic signals hold true for muck lower frequencies. In E. coli bacteria such electromagnetic signals can be generated by electric transitions between energy levels describing electrons moving around DNA loops. The electromagnetic signals between different bacteria within a community is a "wireless" version of intercellular communication found in bacterial communities connected by "nanowires". The wireless broadcasts can in principle be of both the AM and FM variety due to the magnetic flux periodicity in electron energy spectra in bacterial DNA orbital motions.

A. Widom; J. Swain; Y. N. Srivastava; S. Sivasubramanian

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

377

Exact solution to the Landau-Lifshitz equation in a constant electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are interested in the motion of a classical charge acted upon an external constant electromagnetic field where the back reaction of the particle's own field is taken into account. The Landau-Lifshitz approximation to the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation is solved exactly and in closed form. It is shown that the ultrarelativistic limit of the Landau-Lifshitz equation for a radiating charge is the equation for eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the external electromagnetic field tensor.

Yurij Yaremko

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

378

Black Hole Thermodynamics and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show a strong parallel between the Hawking, Beckenstein black hole Thermodynamics and electromagnetism: When the gravitational coupling constant transform into the electromagnetic coupling constant, the Schwarzchild radius, the Beckenstein temperature, the Beckenstein decay time and the Planck mass transform to respectively the Compton wavelength, the Hagedorn temperature, the Compton time and a typical elementary particle mass. The reasons underlying this parallalism are then discussed in detail.

Burra G. Sidharth

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Electromagnetic Calorimeter for HADES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to build the Electromagnetic calorimeter for the HADES di-lepton spectrometer. It will enable to measure the data on neutral meson production from nucleus-nucleus collisions, which are essential for interpretation of dilepton data, but are unknown in the energy range of planned experiments (2-10 GeV per nucleon). The calorimeter will improve the electron-hadron separation, and will be used for detection of photons from strange resonances in elementary and HI reactions. Detailed description of the detector layout, the support structure, the electronic readout and its performance studied via Monte Carlo simulations and series of dedicated test experiments is presented. The device will cover the total area of about 8 m^2 at polar angles between 12 and 45 degrees with almost full azimuthal coverage. The photon and electron energy resolution achieved in test experiments amounts to 5-6%/sqrt(E[GeV]) which is sufficient for the eta meson reconstruction with S/B ratio of 0.4% in Ni+Ni collisions at 8 AGeV. A purity of the identified leptons after the hadron rejection, resulting from simulations based on the test measurements, is better than 80% at momenta above 500 MeV/c, where time-of-flight cannot be used.

W. Czyzycki; E. Epple; L. Fabbietti; M. Golubeva; F. Guber; A. Ivashkin; M. Kajetanowicz; A. Krasa; F. Krizek; A. Kugler; K. Lapidus; E. Lisowski; J. Pietraszko; A. Reshetin; P. Salabura; Y. Sobolev; J. Stanislav; P. Tlusty; T. Torrieri; M. Traxler

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

380

Electromagnetic Calorimeter for HADES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to build the Electromagnetic calorimeter for the HADES di-lepton spectrometer. It will enable to measure the data on neutral meson production from nucleus-nucleus collisions, which are essential for interpretation of dilepton data, but are unknown in the energy range of planned experiments (2-10 GeV per nucleon). The calorimeter will improve the electron-hadron separation, and will be used for detection of photons from strange resonances in elementary and HI reactions. Detailed description of the detector layout, the support structure, the electronic readout and its performance studied via Monte Carlo simulations and series of dedicated test experiments is presented. The device will cover the total area of about 8 m^2 at polar angles between 12 and 45 degrees with almost full azimuthal coverage. The photon and electron energy resolution achieved in test experiments amounts to 5-6%/sqrt(E[GeV]) which is sufficient for the eta meson reconstruction with S/B ratio of 0.4% in Ni+Ni collisions at 8 AGeV....

Czyzycki, W; Fabbietti, L; Golubeva, M; Guber, F; Ivashkin, A; Kajetanowicz, M; Krasa, A; Krizek, F; Kugler, A; Lapidus, K; Lisowski, E; Pietraszko, J; Reshetin, A; Salabura, P; Sobolev, Y; Stanislav, J; Tlusty, P; Torrieri, T; Traxler, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Colliding axisymmetric pp-waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exact solution is found describing the collision of axisymmetric pp-waves with M=0. They are impulsive in character and their coordinate singularities become point curvature singularities at the boundaries of the interaction region. The solution is conformally flat. Concrete examples are given, involving an ultrarelativistic black hole against a burst of pure radiation or two colliding beam- like waves.

B. V. Ivanov

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

Radio frequency communication system utilizing radiating transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radio communication system for use in tunnels, mines, buildings or other shielded locations in which a pair of radiating transmission lines (30), (31) extend through such location in spaced coextensive relation to each other. Each transmission line (30), (31) has at least one unidirectional amplifier (32), (33) interposed therein with the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (32) of one transmission line (30) being opposite to the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (33) of the other transmission line (31). Each of the amplifiers (32), (33) has a gain which is less than the coupling loss between the transmission lines (30), (31). Two or more mobile transceivers (35) in the location served by the system are coupled to the transmission lines (30), (31) by electromagnetic wave propagation in space in order to communicate directly with each other at a given radio frequency within the frequency range of the system.

Struven, Warren C. (San Carlos, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 046204 (2012) Impedance and power fluctuations in linear chains of coupled wave chaotic cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cavities takes place through a small port, and electromagnetic energy flows in a single propagation mode of electromagnetic wave energy through a chain of coupled cavities is considered. The cavities are assumed that can be characterized as an enclosed region with ports for the ingress and egress of waves, less work

Anlage, Steven

384

2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Waves - 1 STANDING WAVES ON A STRING The objectives of the experiment are: · To show that standing waves can be set up on a string. · To determine the velocity of a standing wave. · To understand the differences between transverse and longitudinal waves. APPARATUS: Buzzer board with string, meter stick

Glashausser, Charles

385

Spacetime algebra as a powerful tool for electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a comprehensive introduction to spacetime algebra that emphasizes its practicality and power as a tool for the study of electromagnetism. We carefully develop this natural (Clifford) algebra of the Minkowski spacetime geometry, with a particular focus on its intrinsic (and often overlooked) complex structure. Notably, the scalar imaginary that appears throughout the electromagnetic theory properly corresponds to the unit 4-volume of spacetime itself, and thus has physical meaning. The electric and magnetic fields are combined into a single complex and frame-independent bivector field, which generalizes the Riemann-Silberstein complex vector that has recently resurfaced in studies of the single photon wavefunction. The complex structure of spacetime also underpins the emergence of electromagnetic waves, circular polarizations, the normal variables for canonical quantization, the distinction between electric and magnetic charge, complex spinor representations of Lorentz transformations, and the dual (electric-magnetic field exchange) symmetry that produces helicity conservation in vacuum fields. This latter symmetry manifests as an arbitrary global phase of the complex field, motivating the use of a complex vector potential, along with an associated transverse and gauge-invariant bivector potential, as well as complex (bivector and scalar) Hertz potentials. Our detailed treatment aims to encourage the use of spacetime algebra as a readily available and mature extension to existing vector calculus and tensor methods that can greatly simplify the analysis of fundamentally relativistic objects like the electromagnetic field.

Justin Dressel; Konstantin Y. Bliokh; Franco Nori

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

386

Method for microbeam radiation therapy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed of performing radiation therapy on a patient, involving exposing a target, usually a tumor, to a therapeutic dose of high energy electromagnetic radiation, preferably X-ray radiation. The dose is in the form of at least two non-overlapping microbeams of radiation, each microbeam having a width of less than about 1 millimeter. Target tissue exposed to the microbeams receives a radiation dose during the exposure that exceeds the maximum dose that such tissue can survive. Non-target tissue between the microbeams receives a dose of radiation below the threshold amount of radiation that can be survived by the tissue, and thereby permits the non-target tissue to regenerate. The microbeams may be directed at the target from one direction, or from more than one direction in which case the microbeams overlap within the target tissue enhancing the lethal effect of the irradiation while sparing the surrounding healthy tissue. No Drawings

Slatkin, D.N.; Dilmanian, F.A.; Spanne, P.O.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

387

Energy Content of Colliding Plane Waves using Approximate Noether Symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to study the energy content of colliding plane waves using approximate Noether symmetries. For this purpose, we use approximate Lie symmetry method of Lagrangian for differential equations. We formulate the first-order perturbed Lagrangian for colliding plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves. It is shown that in both cases, there does not exist

M. Sharif; Saira Waheed

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

388

High-frequency surface wave pumped He-Ne laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new electrodeless He-Ne laser using a plasma produced by an electromagnetic surface wave as the active medium is described. Gain measurements are reported as a function of the pump wave frequency from 200 to 915 MHz. The dependence of laser performance on the gas mixture and pressure is also presented.

Moutoulas, C.; Moisan, M.; Bertrand, L.; Hubert, J.; Lachambre, J.L.; Ricard, A.

1985-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Waves in Nature, Lasers to Tsumanis and Beyond  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Waves are everywhere. Microwaves, laser beams, music, tsunamis. Electromagnetic waves emanating from the Big Bang fill the universe. Learn about the similarities and difference in all of these wavy phenomena with Ed Moses and Rick Sawicki, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists Series: Science on Saturday [10/2006] [Science] [Show ID: 11541

LLNL - University of California Television

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dynamics of electromagnetic solitons in a relativistic plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamical features of one-dimensional electromagnetic solitons formed in a relativistic interaction of a linearly polarized laser light with underdense cold plasma are investigated. The relativistic Lorentz force in an intense laser light pushes electrons into longitudinal motion, generating coupled longitudinal-transverse waves. In a weakly relativistic approximation these modes are well described by the generalized nonlinear Schroedinger type of equation, with two extra nonlocal terms. Here, an original analytical solution for a moving electromagnetic soliton is derived in an implicit form. For an isolated soliton, our analysis shows that the motion downshifts the soliton eigenfrequency and decreases its amplitude. The effect of the soliton velocity on the stability is analytically predicted and checked numerically. Results show shifting of the stability region toward larger amplitudes in comparison to the standing soliton case. Rich dynamics with examples of (un)stable soliton propagation and breather creation and formation of unstable cusp-type structures is exposed numerically.

Mancic, Ana; Hadzievski, Ljupco; Skoric, Milos M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Nis, P. O. B. 224, 18001 Nis (Serbia and Montenegro); Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, 509-5292 (Japan)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Laser photon merging in an electromagnetic field inhomogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of laser photon merging, or equivalently high harmonic generation, in the quantum vacuum subject to inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields. Such a process is facilitated by the effective nonlinear couplings arising from charged particle-antiparticle fluctuations in the quantum vacuum subject to strong electromagnetic fields. We derive explicit results for general kinematic and polarization configurations involving optical photons. Concentrating on merged photons in reflected channels which are preferable in experiments for reasons of noise suppression, we demonstrate that photon merging is typically dominated by the competing nonlinear process of quantum reflection, though appropriate polarization and signal filtering could specifically search for the merging process. As a byproduct, we devise a novel systematic expansion of the photon polarization tensor in plane wave fields.

Holger Gies; Felix Karbstein; Rashid Shaisultanov

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

392

Electromagnetic Interrogation of Structural Health D. Huston, N. Pelczarski, B. Esser, and X. Zhao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 USA S. Arms Microstrain Inc., Burlington, VT 05401, USA ABSTRACT This paper will give an overview of the possibility of using electromagnetic (EM) waves to determine the health of a structure. Two techniques will be discussed. The first

Huston, Dryver R.

393

Electromagnetic-gravitational cross-sections in external electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical processes: the conversion of photons into gravitons in the static electromagnetic fields are considered by using Feynman perturbation techniques. The differential cross sections are presented for the conversion in the electric field of the flat condesor and the magnetic field of the selenoid. A numerical evaluation shows that the cross sections may have the observable value in the present technical scenario.

Long, H N; Tran, T A; Tuan, T A; Long, Hoang Ngoc; Van Soa, Dang; Tran, Tuan A; Tuan, Tran Anh

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Electrodynamic model of the field effect transistor application for THz/subTHz radiation detection: Subthreshold and above threshold operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developed in this work is an electrodynamic model of field effect transistor (FET) application for THz/subTHz radiation detection. It is based on solution of the Maxwell equations in the gate dielectric, expression for current in the channel, which takes into account both the drift and diffusion current components, and the equation of current continuity. For the regimes under and above threshold at the strong inversion the response voltage, responsivity, wave impedance, power of ohmic loss in the gate and channel have been found, and the electrical noise equivalent power (ENEP) has been estimated. The responsivity is orders of magnitude higher and ENEP under threshold is orders of magnitude less than these values above threshold. Under the threshold, the electromagnetic field in the gate oxide is identical to field of the plane waves in free-space. At the same time, for strong inversion the charging of the gate capacitance through the resistance of channel determines the electric field in oxide.

Dobrovolsky, V., E-mail: vdobrovolsky@voliacable.com [Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Nauki Av., 41, Kiev 03028 (Ukraine)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

Self-Duality in Nonlinear Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss duality invariant interactions between electromagnetic fields and matter. The case of scalar fields is treated in some detail.

Mary K. Gaillard; Bruno Zumino

1997-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

Electromagnetic design considerations for fast acting controllers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic design considerations for fast acting controllers in a power system is introduced and defined. A distinction is made in relation to the more commonly understood system control design necessary for damping electromechanical oscillations using stability programs and eigenanalysis. Electromagnetic eigenanalysis tools have limited availability and are consequently rarely used. Electromagnetic transients programs (emtp) on the other hand are widely used and a procedure for undertaking electromagnetic control design of fast acting controllers in a power system using emtp is presented.

Woodford, D.A. [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to electromagnetic interference (EMI) is becoming a critical aspect of signal integrity analysis. For mod- eling in high-speed packages [2]. As a result, effi- cient and accurate electromagnetic interference (EMIIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic

Roy, Sourajeet

398

ECE 203 Spring 2012 Engineering Electromagnetics Waves (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optoelectronic devices. As a proof-of-concept, polymer tandem solar cells have been fabri- cated by a direct1b), which is a widely used conducting polymer in organic optoelectronic devices.20 Although GO

Gilchrist, James F.

399

Orthogonal-Phase-Velocity Propagation of Electromagnetic Plane Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an isotropic, homogeneous, nondissipative, dielectric-magnetic medium that is simply moving with respect to an inertial reference frame, planewave solutions of the Maxwell curl postulates can be such that the phase velocity and the time-averaged Poynting vector are mutually orthogonal. Orthogonal-phase-velocity propagation thus adds to the conventional positive-phase-velocity propagation and the recently discovered negative-phase-velocity propagation that is associated with the phenomenon of negative refraction.

Tom G. Mackay; Akhlesh Lakhtakia

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

Structurally Electromagnetic Formation Flight (EMFF)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structurally connected secondary mirror EMFF secondary mirror EMFF Design Electromagnetic Formation for a smaller, simpler system. µEMFF investigates the use of conventional conductors, capacitors, and solar propellants that often limit lifetime, the EMFF system uses solar power to energize a magnetic field

de Weck, Olivier L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1a) The Null Energy Condition on an energy = (k, 0, 0, k), show that the energy-momentum tensor Tµ = 1 4 Fµ F - 1 4µ F F (1) for electromagnetism if the equality kµ k Tµ = 0 is attained. (2) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for electromagnetism can

Pope, Christopher

402

Electromagnetic Interrogation of Dielectric Materials 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interrogation of Dielectric Materials 1 H.T. Banks M.W. Buksas Center for Research grant P200A40730. #12; Abstract We investigate time domain based electromagnetic inverse problems electromagnetic phenomenon. For our purposes, we categorize the materials and the models employed to describe them

403

Course Outline Physics 433: Electromagnetism II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Course Outline Physics 433: Electromagnetism II Spring 2014 Prof. Keun Hyuk "Ken" Ahn 483 Tiernan of this course is on the elementary concepts of electromagnetic fields. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to be capable of using the Maxwell equations to calculate simple electromagnetic problems, ranging

404

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

611: Electromagnetic Theory Problem Sheet 5 (1a) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field is tracefree, i.e. Tµ µ = 0. What would happen, in a spacetime dimension d = 4? (Assume) Show that the energy-momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field can be written as Tµ = 1 8 (Fµ F

Pope, Christopher

405

Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory C. Bernard and E.D. Freeland perturbation theory including electromagnetism, and discuss the extent to which quenched-photon simulations can-lat]17Nov2010 #12;Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory E.D. Freeland 1

Bernard, Claude

406

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light Professor Jeffrey D. Richman Department: Electromagnetism and Light Welcome to Physics 4! What is your goal in life? If it is to become an engineer or to pursue a career in science, this is a key class for you. Understanding electromagnetism and light

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

407

Electromagnetics from Simulation to Optimal Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Electromagnetics from Simulation to Optimal Design Christian Hafner Laboratory for Electromagnetic Fields and Microwave Electronics (IFH) ETH Zurich (Switzerland) Lab: http://www.ifh.ee.ethz.ch COG 23, 2013 #12;2 IFH courses · Advanced engineering electromagnetics (Leuchtmann, start spring 2014

Lang, Annika

408

Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays Daniel W. Kwon and David W. Miller February 2005 SSL # 2-05 #12;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays By DANIEL W. KWON S;#12;Electromagnetic Formation Flight of Satellite Arrays by DANIEL W. KWON Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics

409

Undulations from amplified low frequency surface waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the linear scattering of gravity waves in longitudinal inhomogeneous stationary flows. When the flow becomes supercritical, it is known that counterflow propagating shallow waves are blocked and converted into deep waves. Here we show that in the zero-frequency limit, the reflected waves are amplified in such a way that the free surface develops an undulation, i.e., a zero-frequency wave of large amplitude with nodes located at specific places. This amplification involves negative energy waves and implies that flat surfaces are unstable against incoming perturbations of arbitrary small amplitude. The relation between this instability and black hole radiation (the Hawking effect) is established.

Coutant, Antonin, E-mail: antonin.coutant@aei.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany); Parentani, Renaud, E-mail: renaud.parentani@th.u-psud.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Bâtiment 210, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Bâtiment 210, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Modified definition of group velocity and electromagnetic energy conservation equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical definition of group velocity has two flaws: (a) the group velocity can be greater than the phase velocity in a non-dispersive, lossless, non-conducting, anisotropic uniform medium; (b) the definition is not consistent with the principle of relativity for a plane wave in a moving isotropic uniform medium. To remove the flaws, a modified definition is proposed. A criterion is set up to identify the justification of group velocity definition. A "superluminal power flow" is constructed to show that the electromagnetic energy conservation equation cannot uniquely define the power flow if the principle of Fermat is not taken into account.

Changbiao Wang

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Electromagnetic scattering from grassland Part II: Measurement and modeling results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-InvestigatoronmanyprojectssponsoredbyNASA,JPL,ARO,ONR,ARL, and GM all related in one way or the other to microwave and millimeter wave radar remote sensing. He has published many book chapters and more than 80 papers in refereed journals on electromagnetic scattering, random media modeling, microwave measurement...LecturerAwardfromtheGerman Federal Ministry for Education, Science, and Technology. FawwazT.Ulaby(M’68–SM’74–F’80)receivedthe B.S.degreeinphysicsfromtheAmericanUniversity of Beirut, Lebanon, in 1964, and the M.S.E.E. and Ph.D.degreesinelectricalengineeringfromtheUni- versity...

Stiles, James Marion; Ulaby, F. T.; Sarabandi, K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Evaluation of electromagnetic stimulation of Texas heavy oil reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Iil Z LLI ) I- O LI III ) D- Z 00 + 0 CI z 0 I- U CI 0 K 0. CI D VERTICAL HEAT LOSS tt44 OVERBURDEN FLUID FLOW CONVECTION CONDUCTION P= Pe T=Te VERTICAL HEAT LOSS ~ ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE Fig. 2 ? Schematic View of EMH Process 12... The ProPerties that affected the heated oil production rate the most were initial oil viscosity, formation ~ility, drainage radius, p~e drop, and ~ture. The heated oil prcduction rate estimation equation was applied to 80 Texas heavy oil ~irs to de...

Doublet, Louis Edward

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board

Chase, B E; Lanni, F; Makowiecki, D S; Radeka, V; Rescia, S; Takai, H; Bán, J; Parsons, J; Sippach, W

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Responses of an articulated loading platform in waves and currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The responses of an articulated loading platform (ALP) in regular and irregular unidirectional waves (with or without currents) are investigated both in frequency and time domain. The first- and second-order wave diffraction radiation are solved...

Ran, Zhihuang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Discrimination of partial discharge electromagnetic signal in SF{sub 6} gas from external noises using phase gate control method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors proposed phase gate control method for distinguishing frequency spectrum of electromagnetic wave caused by partial discharge (PD) in SF{sub 6} gas from external noises. They investigated the dependence of the polarity and phase angle of ac voltage on the electromagnetic wave spectrum. They derived the frequency region where PD spectrum caused by SF{sub 6} gas can be detected under noisy conditions. The authors also related quantitatively the gain of electromagnetic wave spectrum to the maximum PD charge simultaneously occurring in both SF{sub 6} gas and air. On the basis of these results, they determined the minimum detectable PD level in SF{sub 6} gas under noisy conditions as a function of measuring frequency.

Hikita, M.; Hoshino, T.; Kato, T.; Hayakawa, N.; Okubo, H. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Ueda, T. [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Nagoya (Japan)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

Strong permanent magnet-assisted electromagnetic undulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention discloses an improved undulator comprising a plurality of electromagnet poles located along opposite sides of a particle beam axis with alternate north and south poles on each side of the beam to cause the beam to wiggle or undulate as it travels generally along the beam axis and permanent magnets spaced adjacent the electromagnetic poles on each side of the axis of said particle beam in an orientation sufficient to reduce the saturation of the electromagnet poles whereby the field strength of the electromagnet poles can be increased beyond the normal saturation levels of the electromagnetic poles.

Halbach, Klaus (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Semiconductor radiation detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A semiconductor detector for ionizing electromagnetic radiation, neutrons, and energetic charged particles. The detecting element is comprised of a compound having the composition I-III-VI.sub.2 or II-IV-V.sub.2 where the "I" component is from column 1A or 1B of the periodic table, the "II" component is from column 2B, the "III" component is from column 3A, the "IV" component is from column 4A, the "V" component is from column 5A, and the "VI" component is from column 6A. The detecting element detects ionizing radiation by generating a signal proportional to the energy deposited in the element, and detects neutrons by virtue of the ionizing radiation emitted by one or more of the constituent materials subsequent to capture. The detector may contain more than one neutron-sensitive component.

Bell, Zane W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Burger, Arnold (Knoxville, TN)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

Optimisation and comparison of integrated models of direct-drive linear machines for wave energy conversion   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined electrical and structural models of five types of permanent magnet linear electrical machines suitable for direct-drive power take-off on wave energy applications are presented. Electromagnetic models were ...

Crozier, Richard Carson

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

419

Long-term Electro-Magnetic Robustness of Integrated Circuits: EMRIC research project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EMR in the scientific community and will contribute to develop EMR qualification procedures, EMR) and their low electromagnetic radiation (emission) that could disturb neighbour equipment. Ensuring both low. Integrating EMR models to simulation flow and developing EMR qualification procedures will help IC designer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

Magnetospheric line radiation event observed simultaneously on board Cluster 1, Cluster 2 and DEMETER spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be related to power line harmonic radiation (PLHR, an electromagnetic radiation from electric power systemsMagnetospheric line radiation event observed simultaneously on board Cluster 1, Cluster 2., O. Santolík, M. Parrot, and J. S. Pickett (2012), Magnetospheric line radiation event observed

Santolik, Ondrej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Chaotic Emission from Electromagnetic Systems Considering Self-Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emission of electromagnetic waves from a system described by the H\\'enon-Heiles potential is studied in this work. The main aim being to analyze the behavior of the system when the damping term is included explicitly into the equations of motion. Energy losses at the chaotic regime and at the regular regime are compared. The results obtained here are similar to the case of gravitational waves emission, as long we consider only the energy loss. The main difference being that in the present work the energy emitted is explicitly calculated solving the equation of motion without further approximations. It is expected that the present analysis may be useful when studying the analogous problem of dissipation in gravitational systems.

Fernando Kokubun; Vilson T. Zanchin

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

422

Dark Energy, Gravitation and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of the fact that the existence of dark energy causing the accelerated expansion of the universe has been confirmed by the WMAP and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we re-examine gravitation itself, starting with the formulation of Sakharov and show that it is possible to obtain gravitation in terms of the electromagnetic charge of elementary particles, once the ZPF and its effects at the Compton scale are taken into account.

B. G. Sidharth

2004-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

Laminated electromagnetic pump stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially abutting tapered laminations extending radially outwardly from a centerline axis to collectively define a radially inner bore and a radially outer circumference. Each of the laminations includes radially inner and outer edges and has a thickness increasing from the inner edge toward the outer edge to provide a substantially continuous path adjacent the circumference. This pump is used in nuclear fission reactors. 19 figs.

Fanning, A.W.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

The nature of electromagnetic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of the electromagnetic (EM) energy for general charge and current distributions is analyzed. There are two well known forms for calculating EM energy as the integral over all space of either the electromagnetic fields: $u_{\\bf EB}=({\\bf E\\bcdot D+B\\bcdot H})/8\\pi$, or the electromagnetic potentials and charge-current densities: $u_{\\rho{\\bf A}}=1/2(\\rho\\phi+{\\bf j\\bcdot A})$. We discuss the appropriate use of each of these forms in calculating the total EM energy and the EM energy within a limited volume. We conclude that only the form $u_{\\bf EB}$ can be considered as a suitable EM energy density, while either form can be integrated to find the total EM energy. However, bounding surface integrals (if they don't vanish) must be included when using the $u_{\\bf EB}$ form. Including these surface integrals resolves some seeming paradoxes in the energy of electric or magnetic dipoles in uniform fields

Jerrold Franklin

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

425

Poynting-vector based method for determining the bearing and location of electromagnetic sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is utilized to determine the bearing and/or location of sources, such as, alternating current (A.C.) generators and loads, power lines, transformers and/or radio-frequency (RF) transmitters, emitting electromagnetic-wave energy for which a Poynting-Vector can be defined. When both a source and field sensors (electric and magnetic) are static, a bearing to the electromagnetic source can be obtained. If a single set of electric (E) and magnetic (B) sensors are in motion, multiple measurements permit location of the source. The method can be extended to networks of sensors allowing determination of the location of both stationary and moving sources.

Simons, David J. (Modesto, CA); Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA); Harben, Philip E. (Livermore, CA); Kirkendall, Barry A. (Golden, CO); Schultz, Craig A. (Danville, CA)

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

Derivation of Gell-Mann-Nishijima formula from the electromagnetic field modes of a hadron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When an electron probes another elementary particle Q, the wave function of the electron can be separated into two independent parts, the first part represents the electronic motion, the second part represents the electromagnetic field mode around the particle Q. In analogy with optical modes $TEM_{nlm}$ for a laser resonator, when the electromagnetic field around the particle Q forms into a mode, the quantum numbers of the mode satisfy the Gell-Mann-Nishijima formula, these quantum numbers are recognized as the charge number, baryon number and strangeness number. The modes are used as a visual model to understand the abstract baryon number and strangeness number of hadrons.

Huai-yang Cui

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

427

Direct space-time observation of pulse tunneling in an electromagnetic band gap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present space-time-resolved measurements of electromagnetic pulses tunneling through a coaxial electromagnetic band gap structure. The results show that during the tunneling process the field distribution inside the barrier is an exponentially decaying standing wave whose amplitude increases and decreases as it slowly follows the temporal evolution of the input pulse. At no time is a pulse maximum found inside the barrier, and hence the transmitted peak is not the incident peak that has propagated to the exit. The results support the quasistatic interpretation of tunneling dynamics and confirm that the group delay is not the traversal time of the input pulse peak.

Doiron, Serge; Hache, Alain [Department de physique et d'astronomie, Universite de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1A 3E9 (Canada); Winful, Herbert G. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Virtual detector of synchrotron radiation (VDSR) - A C++ parallel code for particle tracking and radiation calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Virtual Detector for Synchrotron Radiation (VDSR) is a parallel C++ code developed to calculate the incoherent radiation from a single charged particle or a beam moving in given external electro-magnetic fields. In this proceedings the code structure and features are introduced. An example of radiation generation from the betatron motion of a beam in the focusing fields of the wake in a laser-plasma accelerator is presented.

Rykovanov, S. G.; Chen, M.; Geddes, C. G. R.; Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W. P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley CA 94720 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

429

Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for Gravitational Waves (GWs) associated with the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004. This event, originating from a Galactic neutron star, displayed exceptional energetics. Recent investigations of the X-ray light curve's pulsating tail revealed the presence of Quasi-Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in the 30 - 2000 Hz frequency range, most of which coincides with the bandwidth of the LIGO detectors. These QPOs, with well-characterized frequencies, can plausibly be attributed to seismic modes of the neutron star which could emit GWs. Our search targeted potential quasi-monochromatic GWs lasting for tens of seconds and emitted at the QPO frequencies. We have observed no candidate signals above a pre-determined threshold and our lowest upper limit was set by the 92.5 Hz QPO observed in the interval from 150 s to 260 s after the start of the flare. This bound corresponds to a (90% confidence) root-sum-squared amplitude h_rssdet^90% = 4.5e-22 strain Hz^-1/2 on the GW waveform strength in the...

Abbott, B; Adhikari, R; Agresti, J; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Amin, R; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arain, M; Araya, M; Armandula, H; Ashley, M; Aston, S; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Babak, S; Ballmer, S; Bantilan, H; Barish, B C; Barker, C; Barker, D; Barr, B; Barriga, P; Barton, M A; Bayer, K; Belczynski, K; Betzwieser, J; Beyersdorf, P T; Bhawal, B; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Biswas, R; Black, E; Blackburn, K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Bogenstahl, J; Bogue, L; Bork, R; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Brau, J E; Brinkmann, M; Brooks, A; Brown, D A; Bullington, A; Bunkowski, A; Buonanno, A; Burmeister, O; Busby, D; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Camp, J B; Cannizzo, J; Cannon, K; Cantley, C A; Cao, J; Cardenas, L; Casey, M M; Castaldi, G; Cepeda, C; Chalkey, E; Charlton, P; Chatterji, S; Chelkowski, S; Chen, Y; Chiadini, F; Chin, D; Chin, E; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Clark, J; Cochrane, P; Cokelaer, T; Colacino, C N; Coldwell, R; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T; Coward, D; Coyne, D; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Croce, R P; Crooks, D R M; Cruise, A M; Cumming, A; Dalrymple, J; D'Ambrosio, E; Danzmann, K; Davies, G; De Bra, D; Degallaix, J; Degree, M; Demma, T; Dergachev, V; Desai, S; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S V; Díaz, M; Dickson, J; Di Credico, A; Diederichs, G; Dietz, A; Doomes, E E; Drever, R W P; Dumas, J C; Dupuis, R J; Dwyer, J G; Ehrens, P; Espinoza, E; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Fairhurst, S; Fan, Y; Fazi, D; Fejer, M M; Finn, L S; Fiumara, V; Fotopoulos, N; Franzen, A; Franzen, K Y; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fyffe, M; Galdi, V; Garofoli, J; Gholami, I; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Goda, K; Goetz, E; Goggin, L; González, G; Gossler, S; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Gray, M; Greenhalgh, J; Gretarsson, A M; Grosso, R; Grote, H; Grünewald, S; Günther, M; Gustafson, R; Hage, B; Hammer, D; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G; Harstad, E; Hayler, T; Heefner, J; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hirose, E; Hoak, D; Hosken, D; Hough, J; Howell, E; Hoyland, D; Huttner, S H; Ingram, D; Innerhofer, E; Ito, M; Itoh, Y; Ivanov, A; Jackrel, D; Johnson, B; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, G; Jones, R; Ju, L; Kalmus, Peter Ignaz Paul; Kalogera, V; Kamat, S; Kasprzyk, D; Katsavounidis, E; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Khalili, F Ya; Kim, C; King, P; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Kopparapu, R K; Kozak, D; Krishnan, B; Kwee, P; Lam, P K; Landry, M; Lantz, B; Lazzarini, A; Lee, B; Lei, M; Leiner, J; Leonhardt, V; Leonor, I; Libbrecht, K; Lindquist, P; Lockerbie, N A; Longo, M; Lormand, M; Lubinski, M; Luck, H; Machenschalk, B; MacInnis, M; Mageswaran, M; Mailand, K; Malec, M; Mandic, V; Marano, S; Marka, S; Markowitz, J; Maros, E; Martin, I; Marx, J N; Mason, K; Matone, L; Matta, V; Mavalvala, N; McCarthy, R; McClelland, D E; McGuire, S C; McHugh, M; McKenzie, K; McNabb, J W C; McWilliams, S; Meier, T; Melissinos, A C; Mendell, G; Mercer, R A; Meshkov, S; Messaritaki, E; Messenger, C J; Meyers, D; Mikhailov, E; Mitra, S; Mitrofanov, V P; Mitselmakher, G; Mittleman, R; Miyakawa, O; Mohanty, S; Moreno, G; Mossavi, K; Mow Lowry, C; Moylan, A; Mudge, D; Müller, G; Mukherjee, S; Muller-Ebhardt, H; Munch, J; Murray, P; Myers, E; Myers, J; Newton, G; Nishizawa, A; Numata, K; O'Reilly, B; O'Shaughnessy, R; Ottaway, D J; Overmier, H; Owen, B J; Pan, Y; Papa, M A; Parameshwaraiah, V; Patel, P; Pedraza, M; Penn, S; Pierro, V; Pinto, I M; Pitkin, M; Pletsch, H; Plissi, M V; Postiglione, F; Prix, R; Quetschke, V; Raab, F; Rabeling, D; Radkins, H; Rahkola, R; Rainer, N; Rakhmanov, M; Ray-Majumder, S; Re, V; Rehbein, H; Reid, S; Reitze, D H; Ribichini, L; Riesen, R; Riles, K; Rivera, B; Robertson, N A; Robinson, C; Robinson, E L; Roddy, S; Rodríguez, A; Rogan, A M; Rollins, J; Romano, J D; Romie, J; Route, R; Rowan, S; Rüdiger, A; Ruet, L; Russell, P; Ryan, K; Sakata, S; Samidi, M; Sancho de la Jordana, L; Sandberg, V; Sannibale, V; Saraf, S; Sarin, P; Sathyaprakash, B S; Sato, S; Saulson, P R; Savage, R; Savov, P; Schediwy, S; Schilling, R; Schnabel, R; Schofield, R; Schutz, B F; Schwinberg, P; Scott, S M; Searle, A C; Sears, B; Seifert, F; Sellers, D; Sengupta, A S; Shawhan, P; Shoemaker, D H; Sibley, A; Sidles, J A; Siemens, X; Sigg, D; Sinha, S; Sintes, A M; Slagmolen, B; Slutsky, J; Smith, J R; Smith, M R; Somiya, K; Strain, K A; Strom, D M; Stuver, A; Summerscales, T Z; Sun, K X; Sung, M; Sutton, P J; Takahashi, H; Tanner, D B; Tarallo, M; Taylor, R; Taylor, R; Thacker, J; Thorne, K A; Thorne, K S; Thüring, A; Tokmakov, K V; Torres, C; Torrie, C; Traylor, G; Trias, M; Tyler, W; Ugolini, D W; Ungarelli, C; Urbanek, K; Vahlbruch, H; Vallisneri, M; Van Den Broeck, C; Varvella, M; Vass, S; Vecchio, A; Veitch, J; Veitch, P; Villar, A; Vorvick, C; Vyachanin, S P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Electromagnetic Effects in SDF Explosions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The notion of high ion and electron concentrations in the detonation of aluminized explosive mixtures has aroused some interest in electro-magnetic effects that the SDF charges might generate when detonated. Motivated by this interest we have started to investigate whether significant electro-magnetic effects show up in our small-scale experiments. However, the design of instrumentation for this purpose is far from straightforward, since there are a number of open questions. Thus the main aim of the feasibility tests is to find - if possible - a simple and reliable method that can be used as a diagnostic tool for electro-magnetic effects. SDF charges with a 0.5-g PETN booster and a filling of 1 g aluminum flakes have been investigated in three barometric bomb calorimeters with volumes ranging from 6.3 l to of 6.6 l. Though similar in volume, the barometric bombs differed in the length-to-diameter ratio. The tests were carried out with the bombs filled with either air or nitrogen at ambient pressure. The comparison of the test in air to those in nitrogen shows that the combustion of TNT detonation products or aluminum generates a substantial increase of the quasi-steady overpressure in the bombs. Repeated tests in the same configuration resulted in some scatter of the experimental results. The most likely reason is that the aluminum combustion in most or all cases is incomplete and that the amount of aluminum actually burned varies from test to test. The mass fraction burned apparently decreases with increasing aspect ratio L/D. Thus an L/D-ratio of about 1 is optimal for the performance of shock-dispersed-fuel combustion. However, at an L/D-ratio of about 5 the combustion still yields appreciable overpressure in excess of the detonation. For a multi-burst scenario in a tunnel environment with a number of SDF charges distributed along a tunnel section a spacing of 5 tunnel diameter and a fuel-specific volume of around 7 l/g might provide an acceptable compromise between optimizing the combustion performance and keeping the number of elementary charges low. Further tests in a barometric bomb calorimeter of 21.2 l volume were performed with four types of aluminum. The mass fraction burned in this case appeared to depend on the morphology of the aluminum particles. Flake aluminum exhibited a better performance than granulated aluminum with particle sizes ranging from below 25 {micro}m to 125 {micro}m for the coarsest material. In addition, a feasibility study on electro-magnetic effects from SDF charges detonated in a tunnel has been performed. A method was developed to measure the local, unsteady electro-conductivity in the detonation/combustion products cloud. This method proved to yield reproducible results. A variety of methods were tested with regard to probing electro-magnetic pulses from the detonation of SDF charges. The results showed little reproducibility and were small compared to the effect from pulsed high voltage discharges of comparatively small energy (around 32 J). Thus either no significant electromagnetic pulse is generated in our small-scale tests or the tested techniques have to be discarded as too insensitive or too limited in bandwidth to detect possibly very high frequency electro-magnetic disturbances.

Reichenbach, H; Neuwald, P; Kuhl, A L

2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

431

Electromagnetic Probes at RHIC-II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize how future measurements of electromagnetic (e.m.) probes at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), in connection with theoretical analysis, can advance our understanding of strongly interacting matter at high energy densities and temperatures. After a brief survey of the important role that e.m. probes data have played at the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS, CERN) and RHIC to date, we identify key physics objectives and observables that remain to be addressed to characterize the (strongly interacting) Quark-Gluon Plasma (sQGP) and associated transition properties at RHIC. These include medium modifications of vector mesons via low-mass dileptons, a temperature measurement of the hot phases via continuum radiation, as well as gamma-gamma correlations to characterize early source sizes. We outline strategies to establish microscopic matter and transition properties such as the number of degrees of freedom in the sQGP, the origin of the hadron masses and manifestations of chiral symmetry restoration, which will require accompanying but rather well-defined advances in theory. Increased experimental precision, order of magnitude higher statistics than currently achievable, as well as a detailed scan of colliding species and energies are then mandatory to achieve sufficient discrimination power in theoretical interpretations. This increased precision can be achieved with hardware upgrades to the large RHIC detectors (PHENIX and STAR) along with at least a factor of ten as increase in luminosity over the next few years as envisioned for RHIC-II.

G. David; R. Rapp; Z. Xu

2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

432

ELECTROMAGNETIC CONSTRUCTION OF A 1 KM-RADIUS RADIATION SHIELD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the light of recent studies on bootstrapped lunar solar-electric power plants, mass drivers, and autonomous-drivers, (g) teleoperation of lunar and orbital facilities, (h) orbital assembly of lunar-derived solar power presence beyond Earth is limited to a very few government employees and robots who are sent up, entirely

433

Electromagnetic interactions at RHIC and LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At LHC energies the Lorentz factor will be 3400 for the Pb + Pb collisions and the electromagnetic interactions will play important roles. Cross sections for the electromagnetic particle productions are very large and can not be ignored for the lifetimes of the beams and background. In this article, we are going to study some of the electromagnetic processes at RHIC and LHC and show the cross section calculations of the electron-positron pair production with the giant dipole resonance of the ions.

M. C. Guclu

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Enhanced ULF electromagnetic activity detected by DEMETER above seismogenic regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present results of a comparison between ultra low frequency (ULF) electromagnetic (EM) radiation, recorded by an electric field instrument (ICE) onboard the satellite DEMETER in the topside ionosphere, and the seismicity of regions with high and lower seiismic activity. In particular we evaluated the energy variations of the ULF Ez-electric field component during a period of four years (2006-2009), in order to examine check the possible relation of ULF EM radiation with seismogenic regions located in central America, Indonesia, Eastern Mediterranean Basin and Greece. As a tool of evaluating the ULF Ez energy variations we used Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) techniques. The results of our analysis clearly show a significant increase of the ULF EM energy emmited from regions of highest seismic activity at the tectonic plates boundaries. We interpret these results as suggesting that the highest ULF EM energy detected in the topside ionosphere is originated from seismic processes within Earth's...

Athanasiou, M; David, C; Anagnostopoulos, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

6.630 Electromagnetic Theory, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6.630 is an introductory subject on electromagnetics, emphasizing fundamental concepts and applications of Maxwell equations. Topics covered include: polarization, dipole antennas, wireless communications, forces and energy, ...

Kong, Jin Au, 1942-

436

Response of radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of applications of high-temperature superconductor radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices (rf SQUIDs) require a certain immunity of these sensors against electromagnetic interference (EMI). We have investigated effects of electromagnetic radiation in the high-frequency and ultrahigh-frequency range on various types of rf SQUIDs. It has been found that EMI of sufficient field strength reduces the voltage versus flux transfer function, and thus increases the flux noise of the SQUIDs. SQUIDs with a wire wound tank circuit coil have been found to be more sensitive to EMI than SQUIDs integrated into a superconducting microstrip resonator. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Mueck, M.; Dechert, J.; Gail, J.; Kreutzbruck, M.; Schoene, S.; Weidl, R. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)] [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Electromagnetic effects on transportation systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electronic and electrical system protection design can be used to eliminate deleterious effects from lightning, electromagnetic interference, and electrostatic discharges. Evaluation of conventional lightning protection systems using advanced computational modeling in conjunction with rocket-triggered lightning tests suggests that currently used lightning protection system design rules are inadequate and that significant improvements in best practices used for electronic and electrical system protection designs are possible. A case study of lightning induced upset and failure of a railway signal and control system is sketched.

Morris, M.E.; Dinallo, M.A.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

439

Electromagnetic properties of massive neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vertex function for a virtual massive neutrino is calculated in the limit of soft real photons. A method based on employing the neutrino self-energy operator in a weak external electromagnetic field in the approximation linear in the field is developed in order to render this calculation of the vertex function convenient. It is shown that the electric charge and the electric dipole moment of the real neutrino are zero; only the magnetic moment is nonzero for massive neutrinos. A fourth-generation heavy neutrino of mass not less than half of the Z-boson mass is considered as a massive neutrino.

Dobrynina, A. A., E-mail: aleksandradobrynina@rambler.ru; Mikheev, N. V.; Narynskaya, E. N. [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)] [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Continuum resonance induced electromagnetic torque by a rotating plasma response to static resonant magnetic perturbation field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A numerical study is carried out, based on a simple toroidal tokamak equilibrium, to demonstrate the radial re-distribution of the electromagnetic torque density, as a result of a rotating resistive plasma (linear) response to a static resonant magnetic perturbation field. The computed electromagnetic torque peaks at several radial locations even in the presence of a single rational surface, due to resonances between the rotating response, in the plasma frame, and both Alfven and sound continuum waves. These peaks tend to merge together to form a rather global torque distribution, when the plasma resistivity is large. The continuum resonance induced net electromagnetic torque remains finite even in the limit of an ideal plasma.

Liu Yueqiang; Connor, J. W.; Cowley, S. C.; Ham, C. J.; Hastie, R. J.; Hender, T. C. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Method of lightening radiation darkened optical elements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of lightening a radiation-darkened optical element in wich visible optical energy or electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength in the range of from about 2000 to about 20,000 angstroms is directed into the radiation-darkened optical element; the method may be used to lighten radiation-darkened optical element in-situ during the use of the optical element to transmit data by electronically separating the optical energy from the optical output by frequency filtering, data cooling, or interlacing the optic energy between data intervals.

Reich, Frederich R. (Richland, WA); Schwankoff, Albert R. (W. Richland, WA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

On the Energy of Rotating Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of solutions of the gravitational field equations describing vacuum spacetimes outside rotating cylindrical sources is presented. A subclass of these solutions corresponds to the exterior gravitational fields of rotating cylindrical systems that emit gravitational radiation. The properties of these rotating gravitational wave spacetimes are investigated. In particular, we discuss the energy density of these waves using the gravitational stress-energy tensor.

Bahram Mashhoon; James C. McClune; Enrique Chavez; Hernando Quevedo

1996-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

443

Electron Bernstein waves in spherical torus plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Propagation and absorption of the electron Bernstein waves (EBWs) in spherical tokamaks (STs) have been intensively discussed in recent years because the EBWs coupled with an externally launched electromagnetic beam seem to be the only opportunity for microwave plasma heating and current drive in the electron cyclotron (EC) frequency range in the STs. The whole problem of the electron Bernstein heating and current drive (EBWHCD) in spherical plasmas is naturally divided into three major parts: coupling of incident electromagnetic waves (EMWs) to the EBWs near the upper hybrid resonance (UHR) surface, propagation and absorption of the EBWs in the plasma interior and generation of noninductive current driven by the EBWs. The present paper is a brief survey of the most important theoretical and numerical results on the issue of EBWs.

Saveliev, A. N. [A.F.Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

444

Vacuum Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As an example of the unification of gravitation and particle physics, an exact solution of the five-dimensional field equations is studied which describes waves in the classical Einstein vacuum. While the solution is essentially 5D in nature, the waves exist in ordinary 3D space, and may provide a way to test for an extra dimension.

Paul S. Wesson

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

445

Entanglement from thermal black body radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two non--interacting quantum systems which couple to a common environment with many degrees of freedom initially in thermal equilibrium can become entangled due to the indirect interaction mediated through this heat bath. I examine here the dynamics of reservoir induced entanglement for a heat bath consisting of a thermal electro--magnetic radiation field, such as black body radiation or the cosmic microwave background, and show how the effect can be understood as result of an effective induced interaction.

Daniel Braun

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

446

Electromagnetically Restrained Lithium Blanket APEX Interim Report November, 1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to avoid corrosion or fire. Lithium's high electrical conductivity may possibly permit efficient, compactElectromagnetically Restrained Lithium Blanket APEX Interim Report November, 1999 6-1 CHAPTER 6: ELECTROMAGNETICALLY RESTRAINED LITHIUM BLANKET Contributors Robert Woolley #12;Electromagnetically Restrained Lithium

California at Los Angeles, University of

447

Electromagnetic Inverse Problems Involving Distributions of Dielectric Mechanisms and Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Inverse Problems Involving Distributions of Dielectric Mechanisms and Parameters H University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8205 August 17, 2005 Abstract We consider electromagnetic interrogation, uniform, log-normal, and log-Bi-Gaussian distributions. Keywords: Electromagnetic interrogation

448

Regularity and approximation of systems arising in electromagnetic interrogation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regularity and approximation of systems arising in electromagnetic interrogation of dielectric describes the electromagnetic interrogation of dielectric materials. We address the well describing the electromagnetic in- terrogation of dielectric materials. Let E and H be the intensities

449

Excitation of terahertz nanoantennas by Rabi waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical model of quantum dot ring, strongly coupled with classical electromagnetic field, is developed. We demonstrate, that tunnel current in the QD-ring has low-frequency component, excited by Rabi waves, propagating into the ring, and the ring can be considered as a candidate for role of terahertz magnetic loop antenna. The low-frequency current is inspired by the asymmetry of electron tunneling.

Slepyan, G. Ya.; Yerchak, Y. D.; Maksimenko, S. A. [Institute for Nuclear Problems, Belarus State University, Bobruiskaya 11, 220030 Minsk (Belarus); Hoffmann, A. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Bass, F. G. [Department of Physics, Bar-Ilan University, 52900 Ramat-Gan (Israel)

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

450

Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Electromagnetic corrections to light hadron masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the precision reached in current lattice QCD calculations, electromagnetic effects are becoming numerically relevant. We will present preliminary results for electromagnetic corrections to light hadron masses, based on simulations in which a $\\mathrm{U}(1)$ degree of freedom is superimposed on $N_f=2+1$ QCD configurations from the BMW collaboration.

A. Portelli; S. Dürr; Z. Fodor; J. Frison; C. Hoelbling; S. D. Katz; S. Krieg; T. Kurth; L. Lellouch; T. Lippert; K. K. Szabó; A. Ramos

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

452

Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

730 1 Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples P. Boissoles, H. Ben Ahmed, M. Pierre, B. Multon Abstract--In this paper, a new approach towards Optimization Material to be highly adaptive to various kinds of electromagnetic actuator optimization approaches. Several optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

Radiation: Radiation Control (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the policy of the state to encourage the constructive uses of radiation and to control its harmful effects. This section contains regulations pertaining to the manufacture, use,...

454

Noninvasive valve monitor using alternating electromagnetic field  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One or more electrical coils are carefully located on the outside of a valve body. An alternating current passing through the coil(s) results in an alternating electromagnetic field being transmitted into the valve body and valve internals. The electromagnetic field varies in intensity and polarity in the valve. As the position of a valve internal part is changed, the electromagnetic field throughout the valve body and its internals is altered. A passive receiver coil carefully located on the outside of the valve body detects the intensity of the electromagnetic field at that location as an induced electrical voltage in the coil. With the change in position of the valve internal part, there is a corresponding change in the induced voltage as a result of the alteration in the alternating electromagnetic field at that location. Changes in the voltage provide an indication of the position and motion of valve internals.

Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Casada, Donald A. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Photon wave functions, wave-packet quantization of light, and coherence theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The monochromatic Dirac and polychromatic Titulaer-Glauber quantized field theories (QFTs) of electromagnetism are derived from a photon-energy wave function in much the same way that one derives QFT for electrons, that is, by quantization of a single-particle wave function. The photon wave function and its equation of motion are established from the Einstein energy-momentum-mass relation, assuming a local energy density. This yields a theory of photon wave mechanics (PWM). The proper Lorentz-invariant single-photon scalar product is found to be non-local in coordinate space, and is shown to correspond to orthogonalization of the Titulaer-Glauber wave-packet modes. The wave functions of PWM and mode functions of QFT are shown to be equivalent, evolving via identical equations of motion, and completely describe photonic states. We generalize PWM to two or more photons, and show how to switch between the PWM and QFT viewpoints. The second-order coherence tensors of classical coherence theory and the two-photon wave functions are shown to propagate equivalently. We give examples of beam-like states, which can be used as photon wave functions in PWM, or modes in QFT. We propose a practical mode converter based on spectral filtering to convert between wave packets and their corresponding biorthogonal dual wave packets.

Brian J. Smith; M. G. Raymer

2007-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

applied computational electromagnetics: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electromagnetics Geosciences Websites Summary: Max Optics, Inc. 12;MadMax Optics 2 Stealth Electromagnetic interference Antennas on complex platformsFMM Code...

457

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites Ning (SWNT)-polymer composites have been fabricated to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI

Gao, Hongjun

458

Project no. 516369 Electromagnetic compatibility between rolling stock and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to anything in that environment. Electromagnetic interference (EMI): Degradation of the performance compatibility EMI Electromagnetic interference ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute FM Frequency

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation Approach in electromagnetic interference (EMI) modeling and simulation for modern and future wireless communication systems

Loyka, Sergey

460

Nonlinear phenomena of generation of longitudinal electric current by transversal electromagnetic field in plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analysis of nonlinear interaction of transversal electromagnetic field with collisionless plasma is carried out. Formulas for calculation electric current in collisionless plasma with arbitrary degree of degeneration of electronic gas are deduced. It has appeared, that the nonlinearity account leads to occurrence of the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This second current is orthogonal to the known transversal current, received at the classical linear analysis.

Latyshev, A V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Generation of the longitudinal current by the transversal electromagnetic field in classical and quantum plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Vlasov kinetic equation for collisionless plasmas distribution function in square-law approximation on size of electromagnetic field is received. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature (any degree of degeneration of electronic gas) are deduced. The case of small values of the wave numbers is considered. It is shown, that the nonlinearity account leads to occurrence the longitudinal electric current directed along a wave vector. This longitudinal current orthogonal to known transversal classical current, received at the linear analysis. From the kinetic equation with Wigner integral for collisionless quantum plasma distribution function is received in square-law on vector potential approximation. Formulas for calculation electric current at any temperature are deduced. The case of small values of wave number is considered. It is shown, that size of a longitudinal current at small values of wave number and for classical plasma and for quantum plasma coincide. Graphic comparison of dim...

Latyshev, A V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electromagnetic Perturbations in the Reconnecting Current Sheet in MRX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is a fundamental plasma process in which magnetic field lines break and reconnect, converting magnetic field energy into particle kinetic energy. Electromagnetic fluctuations, which may play a role in fast reconnection, are studied from both an experimental and theoretical standpoint. The waves, which are in the lower hybrid range of frequencies, may be produced by a plasma instability known as the oblique lower hybrid drift instability. When the electron drift velocity is large, the theory predicts coupling between whistler and acoustic waves in the ion frame that may lead to an instability in the vicinity of the current sheet. On the experimental side, an antenna placed in the Magnetic Reconnection Experiment (MRX) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is used to apply perturbations, and their propagation characteristics are measured. Results from a 2mm diameter antenna indicate that any induced fluctuations are confined to the current sheet and are preferentially excited in the direction of electron flow within the layer. Preliminary data from a 2cm diameter antenna shows a wave propagating in the electron flow direction at the local electron drift velocity. Thus electron drift appears to play a crucial role in the appearance of fluctuations.

Dorfman, Seth; Ji, Hantao; Yamada, MasAki; Ren Yang; Gerhardt, Stefan; Kulsrud, Russell; McGeehan, Brendan; Wang Yansong [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton NJ 08540 (United States)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 49, NO. 3, AUGUST 2007 661 Novel Planar Electromagnetic Bandgap Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A novel concept of using these EBG structures for electromagnetic interference reduction is also, the power/ground noise creates significant and new challenges for electromagnetic interference

Ramahi, Omar

464

Excitation of Banded Whistler Waves in the Magnetosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Banded whistler waves can be generated by the whistler anisotropy instability driven by two bi-Maxwellian electron components with T{sub {perpendicular}}/T{sub {parallel}} > 1 at different T{sub {parallel}} For typical magnetospheric condition of 1 < {omega}{sub e}/{Omega}{sub e} < 5 in regions associated with strong chorus, upper-band waves can be excited by anisotropic electrons below {approx} 1 keV, while lower-band waves are excited by anisotropic electrons above {approx} 10 keV. Lower-band waves are generally field-aligned and substantially electromagnetic, while upper-band waves propagate obliquely and have quasi-electrostatic fluctuating electric fields. The quasi-electrostatic feature of upper-band waves suggests that they may be more easily identified in electric field observations than in magnetic field observations. Upper-band waves are liable to Landau damping and the saturation level of upperband waves is lower than lower-band waves, consistent with observations that lower-band waves are stronger than upper-band waves on average. The oblique propagation, the lower saturation level, and the more severe Landau damping together would make upper-band waves more tightly confined to the geomagnetic equator (|{lambda}{sub m}| < {approx}10{sup o}) than lower-band waves.

Gary, S. Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, Kaijun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Winske, Dan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

465

Wireless passive radiation sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel measurement technique is employed using surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, passive RF, and radiation-sensitive films to provide a wireless passive radiation sensor that requires no batteries, outside wiring, or regular maintenance. The sensor is small (<1 cm.sup.2), physically robust, and will operate unattended for decades. In addition, the sensor can be insensitive to measurement position and read distance due to a novel self-referencing technique eliminating the need to measure absolute responses that are dependent on RF transmitter location and power.

Pfeifer, Kent B; Rumpf, Arthur N; Yelton, William G; Limmer, Steven J

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Transverse Wave Propagation in Relativistic Two-fluid Plasmas around Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transverse electromagnetic waves propagating in a relativistic two-fluid plasma influenced by the gravitational field of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m-de Sitter black hole has been investigated exploiting 3+1 split of spacetime. Reformulating the two-fluid equations, the set of simultaneous linear equations for the perturbations have been derived. Using a local approximation, the one-dimensional radial propagation of Alfv\\'{e}n and high frequency electromagnetic waves are investigated. The dispersion relation for these waves is obtained and solved numerically for the wave number.

M. Atiqur Rahman; M. Hossain Ali

2009-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

Multi-wave methods via ultrasound - Department of Mathematics ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorb much more energy of electromagnetic waves (in some specific .... that a numerical method based on the theoretical developments considered here ..... where |?| is the norm in the metric c?2g, and the prime in ?? stands for the ...... smooth way to make the kernel properly supported at the price of a smoothing error.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Radiation of a neutral polarizable particle moving uniformly through a thermal radiation field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the properties of thermal electromagnetic radiation produced by a neutral polarizable nanoparticle moving with an arbitrary relativistic velocity in a heated vacuum background with a fixed temperature. We show that the particle in its own rest frame acquires the radiation temperature of vacuum, multiplied by a velocity-dependent factor, and then emits thermal photons predominantly in the forward direction. The intensity of radiation proves to be much higher than for the particle at rest. For metal particles with high energy, the ratio of emitted and absorbed radiation power is proportional to the Lorentz-factor squared.

G. V. Dedkov; A. A. Kyasov

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

469

RADIATION MONITORING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Monitoring for Radiation Protection of Workers" in ICRPNo. 9, in "Advances in Radiation Protection and Dosimetry inDosimetry f o r Stray Radiation Monitoring on the CERN S i t

Thomas, R.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

FULL ELECTROMAGNETIC FEL SIMULATION VIA THE LORENTZ-BOOSTED FRAME TRANSFORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical electromagnetic simulation of some systems containing charged particles with highly relativistic directed motion can by speeded up by orders of magnitude by choice of the proper Lorentz-boosted frame. A particularly good application for calculation in a boosted frame isthat of short wavelength free-electron lasers (FELs) where a high energy electron beam with small fractional energy spread interacts with a static magnetic undulator. In the optimal boost frame (i.e., the ponderomotive rest frame), the red-shifted FEL radiation and blue-shifted undulator field have identical wavelengths and the number of required longitudinal grid cells and time-steps for fully electromagnetic simulation (relative to the laboratory frame) decrease by factors of gamma^2 each. In theory, boosted frame EM codes permit direct study of FEL problems for which the eikonal approximation for propagation of the radiation field and wiggler-period-averaging for the particle-field interaction may be suspect. We have adapted the WARP code to apply this method to several electromagnetic FEL problems including spontaneous emission, strong exponential gain in a seeded, single pass amplifier configuration, and emission from e-beams in undulators with multiple harmonic components. WARP has a standard relativistic macroparticle mover and a fully 3-D electromagnetic field solver. We discuss our boosted frame results and compare with those obtained using the ?standard? eikonal FEL simulation approach.

Fawley, William; Vay, Jean-Luc

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

471

Numerical Methods of Computational Electromagnetics for Complex Inhomogeneous Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding electromagnetic phenomena is the key in many scientific investigation and engineering designs such as solar cell designs, studying biological ion channels for diseases, and creating clean fusion energies, among other things. The objectives of the project are to develop high order numerical methods to simulate evanescent electromagnetic waves occurring in plasmon solar cells and biological ion-channels, where local field enhancement within random media in the former and long range electrostatic interactions in the latter are of major challenges for accurate and efficient numerical computations. We have accomplished these objectives by developing high order numerical methods for solving Maxwell equations such as high order finite element basis for discontinuous Galerkin methods, well-conditioned Nedelec edge element method, divergence free finite element basis for MHD, and fast integral equation methods for layered media. These methods can be used to model the complex local field enhancement in plasmon solar cells. On the other hand, to treat long range electrostatic interaction in ion channels, we have developed image charge based method for a hybrid model in combining atomistic electrostatics and continuum Poisson-Boltzmann electrostatics. Such a hybrid model will speed up the molecular dynamics simulation of transport in biological ion-channels.

Cai, Wei

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Ultrarelativistic electron states in a general background electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The feasibility of obtaining exact analytical results in the realm of QED in the presence of a background electromagnetic field is almost exclusively limited to a few tractable cases, where the Dirac equation in the corresponding background field can be solved analytically. This circumstance has restricted, in particular, the theoretical analysis of QED processes in intense laser fields to within the plane-wave approximation even at those high intensities, achievable experimentally only by tightly focusing the laser energy in space. Here, within the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) or eikonal approximation, we construct analytically single-particle electron states in the presence of a background electromagnetic field of general space-time structure in the realistic assumption that the initial energy of the electron is the largest dynamical energy scale in the problem. The relatively compact expression of these states opens, in particular, the possibility of investigating analytically strong-field QED processes in the presence of spatially focused laser beams, which is of particular relevance in view of the upcoming experimental campaigns in this field.

A. Di Piazza

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

473

High frequency electromagnetic burn monitoring for underground coal gasification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of high frequency electromagnetic waves to monitor an in-situ coal gasification burn process, and presents some recent results obtained with the method. Both the technique, called HFEM (high frequency electromagnetic) probing, the HFEM hardware used are described, and some of the data obtained from the LLNL Hoe Creek No. 3 underground coal gasification experiment conducted near Gillette, Wyoming are presented. HFEM was found to be very useful for monitoring the burn activity found in underground coal gasification. The technique, being a remote sensing method which does not require direct physical contact, does not suffer from burnout problems as found with thermocouples, and can continue to function even as the burn progresses on through the region of interest. While HFEM does not replace more conventional instrumentation such as thermocouples, the method does serve to provide data which is unobtainable by other means, and in so doing it complements the other data to help form a picture of what cannot be seen underground.

Deadrick, F.J.; Hill, R.W.; Laine, E.F.

1981-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

474

A current driven electromagnetic mode in sheared and toroidal configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The induced electric field in a tokamak drives a parallel electron current flow. In an inhomogeneous, finite beta plasma, when this electron flow is comparable to the ion thermal speed, the Alfven mode wave solutions of the electromagnetic gyrokinetic equation can become nearly purely growing kink modes. Using the new "low-flow" version of the gyrokinetic code GS2 developed for momentum transport studies [Barnes et al 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 055005], we are able to model the effect of the induced parallel electric field on the electron distribution to study the destabilizing influence of current on stability. We identify high mode number kink modes in GS2 simulations and make comparisons to analytical theory in sheared magnetic geometry. We demonstrate reassuring agreement with analytical results both in terms of parametric dependences of mode frequencies and growth rates, and regarding the radial mode structure.

Pusztai, István; Parra, Felix I; Barnes, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

From Photons to Atoms - The Electromagnetic Nature of Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by a revision of the classical equations of electromagnetism that allow for the inclusion of solitary waves in the solution space, the material collected in these notes examine the consequences of adopting the modified model in the description of atomic structures. The possibility of handling "photons" in a deterministic way opens indeed a chance for reviewing the foundations of quantum physics. Atoms and molecules are described as aggregations of nuclei and electrons joined through organized photon layers resonating at various frequencies, explaining how matter can absorb or emit light quanta. Some established viewpoints are subverted, offering an alternative scenario. The analysis seeks to provide an answer to many technical problems in physical chemistry and, at the same time, to raise epistemological questions.

Daniele Funaro

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

476

Variational Principles for Constrained Electromagnetic Field and Papapetrou Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our previous article [4] an approach to derive Papapetrou equations for constrained electromagnetic field was demonstrated by use of field variational principles. The aim of current work is to present more universal technique of deduction of the equations which could be applied to another types of non-scalar fields. It is based on Noether theorem formulated in terms of Cartan' formalism of orthonormal frames. Under infinitesimal coordinate transformation the one leads to equation which includes volume force of spin-gravitational interaction. Papapetrou equation for vector of propagation of the wave is derived on base of the equation. Such manner of deduction allows to formulate more accurately the constraints and clarify equations for the potential and for spin.

A. T. Muminov

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

477

Spinors and pre-metric electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic concepts of the formulation of Maxwellian electromagnetism in the absence of a Minkowski scalar product on spacetime are summarized, with particular emphasis on the way that the electromagnetic constitutive law on the space of bivectors over spacetime supplants the role of the Minkowski scalar product on spacetime itself. The complex geometry of the space of bivectors is summarized, with the intent of showing how an isomorphic copy of the Lorentz group appears in that context. The use of complex 3-spinors to represent electromagnetic fields is then discussed, as well as the expansion of scope that the more general complex projective geometry of the space of bivectors suggests.

David Delphenich

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

478

Synchrotron Radiation at Radio Frequencies from Cosmic Ray Air Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some of the properties of extensive cosmic ray air showers and describe a simple model of the radio-frequency radiation generated by shower electrons and positrons as they bend in the Earth's magnetic field. We perform simulations by calculating the trajectory and radiation of a few thousand charged shower particles. The results are then transformed to predict the strength and polarization of the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the whole shower.

Denis A. Suprun; Peter W. Gorham; Jonathan L. Rosner

2003-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

479

Synchrotron Radiation at Radio Frequencies from Cosmic Ray Air Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some of the properties of extensive cosmic ray air showers and describe a simple model of the radio-frequency radiation generated by shower electrons and positrons as they bend in the Earth's magnetic field. We perform simulations by calculating the trajectory and radiation of a few thousand charged shower particles. The results are then transformed to predict the strength and polarization of the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the whole shower.

Suprun, D A; Rosner, Jonathan L; Suprun, Denis A.; Gorham, Peter W.; Rosner, Jonathan L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Waves in Random and Complex Media Vol. 15, No. 1, February 2005, 1742  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to compute Green's functions for the radiative transport equation A. D. KIM School of Natural Sciences-independent radiative transport equation in the whole space can be computed as an expansion in plane wave solutions. Plane wave solutions are a general class of solutions for the radiative transport equation. Because

Kim, Arnold D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "waves electromagnetic radiation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source -Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source - Sound Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency Wave represents pressure Target - Radio Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency

Colorado at Boulder, University of

482

Electromagnetic Properties for Arbitrary Spin Particles: Part 1 $-$ Electromagnetic Current and Multipole Decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a set of two papers, we propose to study an old-standing problem, namely the electromagnetic interaction for particles of arbitrary spin. Based on the assumption that light-cone helicity at tree level and $Q^2=0$ should be conserved non-trivially by the electromagnetic interaction, we are able to derive \\emph{all} the natural electromagnetic moments for a pointlike particle of \\emph{any} spin. In this first paper, we propose a transparent decomposition of the electromagnetic current in terms of covariant vertex functions. We also define in a general way the electromagnetic multipole form factors, and show their relation with the electromagnetic moments. Finally, by considering the Breit frame, we relate the covariant vertex functions to multipole form factors.

Cédric Lorcé

2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

483

Shock Wave Polarizations and Optical Metrics in the Born and the Born-Infeld Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the behavior of shock waves in nonlinear theories of electrodynamics. For this, by use of generalized Hadamard step functions of increasing order, the electromagnetic potential is developed in a series expansion near the shock wave front. This brings about a corresponding expansion of the respective electromagnetic field equations what allows for deriving relations that determine the jump coefficients in the expansion series of the potential. The solution of the first-order jump relations shows that, in contrast to linear Maxwell's electrodynamics, in general the propagation of shock waves in nonlinear theories is governed by optical metrics and polarization conditions describing the propagation of two differently polarized waves (leading to a possible appearance of birefringence). In detail, shock waves are analyzed in the Born and Born-Infeld theories. The obtained results are compared to those ones found in literature. New results for the polarization of the two different waves are derived.

Christoph Minz; Horst-Heino von Borzeszkowski; Thoralf Chrobok; Gerold Schellstede

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

484

Shock Wave Polarizations and Optical Metrics in the Born and the Born-Infeld Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the behavior of shock waves in nonlinear theories of electrodynamics. For this, by use of generalized Hadamard step functions of increasing order, the electromagnetic potential is developed in a series expansion near the shock wave front. This brings about a corresponding expansion of the respective electromagnetic field equations what allows for deriving relations that determine the jump coefficients in the expansion series of the potential. The solution of the first-order jump relations shows that, in contrast to linear Maxwell's electrodynamics, in general the propagation of shock waves in nonlinear theories is governed by optical metrics and polarization conditions describing the propagation of two differently polarized waves (leading to a possible appearance of birefringence). In detail, shock waves are analyzed in the Born and Born-Infeld theories. The obtained results are compared to those ones found in literature. New results for the polarization of the two different waves are derived.

Christoph Minz; Horst-Heino von Borzeszkowski; Thoralf Chrobok; Gerold Schellstede

2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

On analytic solutions of wave equations in regular coordinate systems on Schwarzschild background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The propagation of (massless) scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational waves on fixed Schwarzschild background spacetime is described by the general time-dependent Regge-Wheeler equation. We transform this wave equation to usual Schwarzschild, Eddington-Finkelstein, Painleve-Gullstrand and Kruskal-Szekeres coordinates. In the first three cases, but not in the last one, it is possible to separate a harmonic time-dependence. Then the resulting radial equations belong to the class of confluent Heun equations, i.e., we can identify one irregular and two regular singularities. Using the generalized Riemann scheme we collect properties of all the singular points and construct analytic (local) solutions in terms of the standard confluent Heun function HeunC, Frobenius and asymptotic Thome series. We study the Eddington-Finkelstein case in detail and obtain a solution that is regular at the black hole horizon. This solution satisfies causal boundary conditions, i.e., it describes purely ingoing radiation at $r=2M$. ...

Philipp, Dennis

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Dynamic programming applied to electromagnetic satellite actuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic formation flight (EMFF) is an enabling technology for a number of space mission architectures. While much work has been done for EMFF control for large separation distances, little work has been done for ...

Eslinger, Gregory John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Nanoplasmonics-enabled On-Demand and Systematic Gene Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electromagnetic radiation (electric field E, wave vector k)radiation, the antenna is subject to a uniform static electricelectric field when its size is much smaller than the wavelength of the incoming electromagnetic radiation,

Lee, Eunice Somin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

489

Singular Modes of the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the mode corresponding to the point of essential spectrum of the electromagnetic scattering operator is a vector-valued distribution representing the square root of the three-dimensional Dirac's delta function. An explicit expression for this singular mode in terms of the Weyl sequence is provided and analyzed. An essential resonance thus leads to a perfect localization (confinement) of the electromagnetic field, which in practice, however, may result in complete absorption.

Neil V. Budko; Alexander B. Samokhin

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Singular Modes of the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the mode corresponding to the point of essential spectrum of the electromagnetic scattering operator is a vector-valued distribution representing the square root of the three-dimensional Dirac's delta function. An explicit expression for this singular mode in terms of the Weyl sequence is provided and analyzed. An essential resonance thus leads to a perfect localization (confinement) of the electromagnetic field, which in practice, however, may result in complete absorption.

Budko, N V; Budko, Neil V.; Samokhin, Alexander B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Characterization of electromagnetic transients in power substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER CiOERS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER GOERS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Dr. B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee...

Goers, William Chester

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Electromagnetic Beams Overpass the Black Hole Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the electromagnetic excitations of the Kerr black hole have very strong back reaction on metric. In particular, the electromagnetic excitations aligned with the Kerr congruence form the light-like beams which overcome horizon, forming the holes in it, which allows matter to escape interior. So, there is no information lost inside the black hole. This effect is based exclusively on the analyticity of the algebraically special solutions.

Alexander Burinskii

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

493

Electromagnetic Corrections in Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To reduce errors in light-quark mass determinations, it is now necessary to consider electromagnetic contributions to light-meson masses. Calculations using staggered quarks and quenched photons are currently underway. Suitably-extended chiral perturbation theory is necessary to extrapolate the lattice data to the physical limit. Here we give (preliminary) results for light-meson masses using staggered chiral perturbation theory including electromagnetism, and discuss the extent to which quenched-photon simulations can improve quark-mass calculations.

C. Bernard; E. D. Freeland

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

494

Electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the extraction of the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities of nucleons from lattice QCD. We show that the external field method can be used to measure all the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities including those of charged particles. We then turn to the extrapolations required to connect such calculations to experiment in the context of chiral perturbation theory, finding a strong dependence on the lattice volume and quark masses.

W. Detmold; B. C. Tiburzi; A. Walker-Loud

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

495

Elec Eng 2FH3 Electromagnetics I COURSE NUMBER & TITLE: Elec Eng 2FH3 Electromagnetics I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elec Eng 2FH3 ­ Electromagnetics I COURSE NUMBER & TITLE: Elec Eng 2FH3 ­ Electromagnetics I field 6. Inductance 7. Faraday's law CALENDAR DESCRIPTION: <